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allmuir,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. allmuir, or dil.ie/2979

n [i, m.] (1 al + muir, GOI § 825 ).

(a) one from overseas, foreigner: a.¤ .i. fri muir anall, O'Mulc. 37 . niba cian la h-allmuri bías, TFerbe 203 . sluagid allmure, ZCP viii 306.14 . allmuire iar suidhiu foreigners after that, x 344 § 18 . In n.pr. Eochaid A.¤ , Ériu iii 135.3 ( Echach Almuir, Cymmr. xiv 112.15 ).

(b) In pl. imported goods, valuables of foreign origin (so Laws Comm.): allmuire feth flatha, Laws v 442.22 .i. na hi ollamorda atairgiter ac in flaith .i. cno gnae ┐ cuirn ┐ eich, 444.11 Comm. (= acht allmuire feib .i. airmidin .i. cornn, delg n-airgid etc., ib. note). in glas cona (= con-oí) allmuire, i 126.2 .i. im in glas cometus na hi do-berar dar oll in mara, 142.12 Comm. allmuirib set .i. cuirnn ┐ det in mil mair, O'Curry 827 ( H 3.18, 379b ). allmairi .i. eich ┐ seoit maithe cheanae, 793 (ib. 369 b). or no airget no allmaire set, O'D. 2354 ( Rawl. B 506, f. 40d ) = ór ┐ airget ┐ cno gnoei ┐ cuirn buabaill, 1609 (H. 5.15, 12b). inderb nallmaire, 1618 (H. 5.15, 14a) = nallmuire, O'Curry 2031 (H. 4.22, 55a). allmaire sét, Tec. Corm. § 1.26 . allmaire .i. laemscaire, Stowe Gl. 224 . ? lína lána ó uscib ┐ almuire co tir Lagen, LL 215a28 .

(c) foreign parts: gabais i n-allmuirib, Rawl. 107a42 ( ACL iii 217 § 3 ). ? tar allamhuir, Ó Bruad. iii 182.13 .

(d) Perh. adj. in: míchlú allamhuir, Párl. na mB. 1294 (see note).

angalach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. angalach or dil.ie/3620

adj o, ā (angal). As name of a drinking-horn: in t-Anghalach (ór anghlónnach v.l.), cornn tuc Moríath do Ḟind, Acall. 21 .

coimitecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coimitecht or dil.ie/10227

Forms: comaitecht, coimheadacht, comimtechta, comhuideachd, coimhdeacht, comaidiacht

ā, [f.] old Ir. comaitecht (vn. of con-éitet), early confused with coímthecht (later caoimhtheacht (Vn. of con-imthet). da ainm don choimhideacht . . . sáil ┐ caoimhtheacht, Metr. Gl. 29 § 49 . caoimhtheacht .i. coimhidheacht, O'Cl. coimheadacht, Dhá Sg. Art. 1908 . With re-composition comimtechta (g s.), LU 2064 ( FA 14 ) (cf. coimimthecht, coimthecht). comhuideachd f., IGT Decl. § 26 (coimhideachd proscribed form); m., § 24 . Later coimhdeacht (`exceptionally . . . in TSh.', Desid. Gloss.).

(a) act of going together (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 644 ): inna com(th)aitechta ( con-taít, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 647 ) gl. coitiones, Ml. 37c7 - 8 . comaitecht ceniuil do chenéul `congruence of gender to gender', Sg. 75a6 . hi coimthecht du gréin ┐ escu in óenrind `in the conjunction of . . .', BCr. 32a6 ( Thes. ii 16.40 ). ? robad inmuin comitecht, Ériu iii 106 § 47 .

(b) With DO act of agreeing with, favouring, conniving at, etc., in Thes. freq. translated indulgence: comitecht dund óis nad chaithi cach tuari, Wb. 6c11 . cometect dóib gl. imbicillitates infirmorum sustinere, 24 . comaitecht don brathir enirt gl. caritas uero aedificat, 10b28 . 10c2 . cometecht dossom `to be indulgent', 10c10 . 11c4 . 20b18 . cometecht dia n-écoscaib cen chometecht dia mbésbi gl. sine offensione estote Iudeis, 11c5 . tri chomaitecht donaib ingraimthidib `through conniving at', Ml. 15b5 . 65d12 . 72b18 . cen com[ai]techt do in prandio `without sparing him', Mon. Tall. 160.9 . comaitecht dond aithesc, Alex. 1016 = comaidiacht `Rücksicht', ZCP xxx 153.20 . With FRI: di chomitecht et condarcilli fri iudeu `indulgence and connivance', Wb. 19a6 . ? caemtechta fri colaind do cetmuindtire `accompanying', Laws v 306.4 . Perh. also: ar comaitecht do neuch o pecad ` accompanying ', Mon. Tall. 143.9 . ma rufestar bas n-ethech acht dagni ar baig nó chomitecht `to shield another', Ériu vii 156.26 . In follg. the accompanying words suggest meaning concession, grant, tribute : nī dlig nach rī . . . cīs nā bēs nā gēill nā comaitecht don tīr-ṡin, Corp. Gen. 207.8 ( comaithecht, 18 ). do rīgh Eassa Rūaidh nī dlecht / cīos nā cāin nā comhuidecht, ZCP viii 116.20 . a tuaristla ┐ a comaideachta `escorts', Leb. Cert.² 52 .

(c) act of accompanying, escorting, protecting: potestates a ccaoimhthecht, Blathm. 74 . do buith daitsiu hi coimthecht oco `thy being associated in it', Sg. 2a7 . do gudiu choemthechta doib, Vita Br. 40 . ara choímthecht a taig, Críth G. 585 . coemtecht ┐ seilcecht (of accompanying a person in a crime?), Laws iii 92.9 . smachta tairgilli cach raithi itir samradh ┐ eturscarad ┐ caomtacht, iv 78.2 (`In technical sense of a system of dividing the year, parts of one season being taken off (etarscarad), and added to (cáemthecht) another season', Plummer MS. notes). condit roib cáemtecht di ánrodaib Ulad till you can be escorted by some of the U. warriors, LU 4863 (TBC). a comaitecht ┐ a mbíathath ┐ a nem-guin, LMU² 163 . coimhdecht nó amhsainecht, RC xxix 112 § 8 . ? mor in mian don choimideacht / do niad gilli na leathbrág, Magauran 789 .

Attrib. g s accompanying, attendant : a aingel comaidechta guardian angel, BColm. 104.14 . do ainglib coimthechta, LU 1994 ( FA 6 ). aingel a comaitechta, 1967 ( 3 ). aidire caomtechta fri coir nathcomairc, Laws i 282.8 Comm. amus comhuidechta, ii 24.28 . céili coímthechta[e], Críth G. 406 . ca mét cornn comaitechta atá ac F.? serving-goblets(?), Acall. 5501 . cumal coimidechta maid-in-waiting, ZCP vi 27.14 . ro bái d'iomat a cheithern ┐ a dhamh coimhittechta, ZCP x 16.27 . .vi. dorais chóemtechta protective doors, LU 2081 ( FA 15 ). 'na flichidheacht coimdechta, O'Gr. Cat. 249.9 . is ina hetan bis di in satan coimidechta (opposite of aingel c.¤ ?), YBL 138b5 . Cf. drochad . . . comimtheachta `easily crossed', TTebe 3533 .

In vn. constr.: ni chaemnactar eich . . . in damrad do chomaitecht keep up with, LL 8702 (TBC). oca chomaitecht do airic menman `comforting her', Ériu xii 156.3 (TE). mar do bhíadh Íosa ┐ Muire . . . ga choimhideachd, Parrth. Anma 695 .

V. freq. in phr. i c.¤ with follg. gen. accompanying : i coimthecht dagdóine gl. comes perigrinationis nostrae, Wb. 16d2 . hí coimtecht inna árcae, Ml. 82d1 . 33b13 . it chóimthecht, 208b5 . i cóimthecht I., Fél. Dec. 20 . senoir it c.¤ `in thy company', Mon. Tall. 151.4 . i Coimded coimthecht, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 10.6 . hi comaitecht a slóig, LU 8155 ( FB 11 ). i c.¤ seoit cethramda in the case of, Laws iii 230.10 Comm. gan chin 'na choimeitteacht sinless, ZCP viii 206.2 . a comaidhecht an claidhim as well as the sword, RC x 185.20 . teacht a coimhdecht mná to have intercourse with a woman, RC xxix 132 § 43 . fir ina caeimthecht (of woman), Maund. 135 .

With follg. prep. óes insin bís [i] coímthecht do ḟlaith, Críth G. 594 (a kind of vassal service, p. 107). comaitecht re hairdrígh, ZCP viii 116.8 . a hainm i ccaoimthecht fria hanail, Ériu xiii 39.24 . lotar do chomaideacht lais, xvi 84.90 . do choimidacht ort to dance attendance on you, CF² 773 .

In pl. in concr. sense attendants, companions, escort : do caemtechtaib `by attendants', Laws iii 510.1 . coimthecht ecin do chaimthechtaib C., TBC-LL¹ 880 .

In n. loc. for Druim Cáemtechta, LU 4605 (TBC). dar Mona[i]d Cöemtechta, Otia iii 48 § 5 .

fiurt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fiurt or dil.ie/22279

Forms: fiurt, fert, ferto, fertae, ferte, fertai, firtu, firto, ferte, fertae, fertaib, firt, fert, firt

n (firt, fert) u, m. (<Lat. virtus) n s. fiurt, Thes. ii 346.31 ( Hy v Comm.). a s. ? fert, Thes. ii 291.7 (Ml Poems). g s. ferto, Wb. 12a9 . cf. ind fertae (gl. signi) Ml. 16a9 . n p. ferte, Wb. 24c5 . fertai, Ml. 112d8 . a p. firtu, Wb. 12b20 . firto, Thes. ii 253.4 . g p. ferte, Wb. 12b15 . fertae, Ml. 17c9 . d p. ho fertaib , 64d15 . firt, fert (ón mírbhail) IGT, Decl. § 95 (p. 127) .

A wonderful work, a miracle , of something done or caused by supernatural or occult means; common in relig. lit.; in Glosses = Lat. signum, miraculum and in pl. virtutes: uirtus .i. firt, Corm. Y 576 . firt a uirtute , O'Mulc. 543 . ni dénat firtu úili (gl. numquid omnes virtutes?) Wb. 12b20 . is he seo firt is mou dorigne Ísu, PH 4500 . firta ┐ mirbuli, 945 . ferta ┐ mírbaile, LU 2206 ( FA 28 ). tria firt ┐ mirbuilib Dia, RC xvii 411.1 (Tig.). robo mór in fiurt do Brigit, Thes. ii 346.31 . ic comardugud ind [ḟ]erta (= in miraculi memoriam) Lat. Lives 52 . docífitt m'fiorta ┐ mo miorbuile, BNnÉ 267.11 . tria fiortaibh Dé ┐ Caoimhghin AFM ii 716.8 . tre fertaib Coluim Cille, Ann. Conn. 1261 § 3 . eochair ferta féile (= generosity works wonders) ZCP vi 270 § 7 . A `deórad Dé' was expected to perform miracles: on deorad De ge donethsen firt no da firt, ma doḟemid in tres firt noco n-amail tarba, Laws v 16.11 Comm. in deoraid Dé ma dorinde tri ferta faillsighi ag tiachtain dochum thire i fiadnaise righ ┐ tuaithi is saire do cona sedaib ┐ a bairc ┐ mana derna act aen no dedhe dib is saire do cona sedaib ┐ comroind bairci dlighthighi for a bairc, O'Curry 1047 (< H 3.18, 436b ). deora De ernaigther ferta .i. ailithir co ndernadar a ferta tre urnaigthi, O'Curry 1058 (< H 3.18, 438 ). firt filed `a poet's miracle' [i.e. wrought by a poet] AU 1024 . RC xvii 364 (Tig.). an darna fiort filidh doronadh for N. `the second poetical miracle performed by N.' AFM iv 818.8 . f.¤ féle a miracle of generosity, extraordinary generosity: firt féli is ferr cach ní, LL 207a1 . dús in bhfuigbit[h]i cornn tria f.¤ fele ann, ZCP viii 102 x = tria firta na feile, Ériu ii 186.19 . feart féile, Studies 1921, 258 § 11 . IGT, Decl. § 95 (feart, firt). Transf. of supernatural beings: aingil nimhe ┐ ferta flaithemhnuis (perh. = Virtutes of Celestial Hierarchy), Parrth. Anma 347.19 .

Compds.: ¤fuil blood of virtue: a Mheic Dé ... atá th'fhiortfhuil dá dáil, Studies 1931, 660 . ¤linn liquor of virtue: grása ... go bhfeara 'na firtlinn te ib. 662 .

1 fo, fa, fá

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fo, fa, fá or dil.ie/22333
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: fo, fó, fu, fa, ba, bá, ba, fá, fao, faoi, fa, ba, fa, fa, faoi, fua, foa, fo, fó, f, fo, fó, fá, fon(d), fón, fónd, foind, fóa, fun, fan, fona, fosnaib, foum, fóm, fúm, fúm, fóm, fout, fūd, fút, —d, fót, —d, fád, fo, foa, fua, foí, fóe, foei, fáe, fou, foú, fó, foa, fáe, foe, fai, fua, fáe, faoi, fa, faoi, faoi, foí, fúe, fóe, foithi, fóthi, foithe, fuithe, fúithe, fáoithi, fúithe, fóithe, faoithe, fúinn, fōin, fōind, fúnn, fúinn, fóinn, faoinn, fuibhsi, faoibh, fúibh, fóibh, faoibh, fóthu, fúthu, fūthu, fōthu, fōtha, fūtha, fútha, fóthib, fōthib, fóthib, foíthib, foithib, fūthaibh, fuithibh, —uí—, fúthaibh, fúthuibh, faoithibh, fóm, fom, bám, fám, fot, fót, fád, foa, fóa, fána, fo, fo, fóar, fo, fánar, fo, foa, fona, fana, fána, foum, f., Fo-

(leniting) prep. with acc. and dat. Forms : fo Wb. 5b3 . 9c31 . Ml. 14d4 . 27d7 . 28c12 . Sg. 140a4 . 153b6 . Acr. 8b1 . BCr. 31c5 . SR 1596 . LU 1928 . 2970 . 4764 . 6615 . LB 67b14 . 171b16 . 201a20 . fó, LU 3806 . 6498 . 6899 . 10792 . 10779 . LB 54a50 . 244b25 . fu, Ml. 63b4 . 67c2 . 77b11 . 94a2 . BCr. 18d2 . fa, LL 177b45 . LB 41b53 . 162b16 . 165b10 . ba, bá, 243a36 . ba, Maund. 237 . fá, LU 9132 . (cf. secht cneslénti [sic leg.] ... bítís bá thétaib ... hi cústul fri gelcnes dó LU 6413 ). fao, Fl. Earls 70.30 . faoi, RSClára 6a . fa (fá, ba) is frequent in Mid. Ir. and is the regular form in Early Mod Ir. (fáoi, fa fhior sin, IGT, Introd. § 73 . ata m'ḟalluing ... fa ḟior o beith faoi IGT, 24 P 8, 190 ), see exx. below. With nasal. rel. part.: fua, Ml. 35a9 ; b16 . 38c3 . 45a3 . Fél. Prol. 86 (fa v.l.). foa, Ml. 59d7 . Marco P. 16 . fo, Ml. 35b18 . Marco P. 136 . fó (ro) 18 . f, TSh. 7542 . Mid. Ir. fo, fó, fá. With art. fon(d), Ml. 35a9 . 53b9 . 36b16 . Sg. 14b1 . 73b3 . Fél. Oct. 15 . LU 3100 . 8461 . fón, LU 1508 . 1797 . 8214 . MacCongl. 103.3 . fónd, LU 6092 . LL 71b1 . foind, LU 6099 . fóa n— (neut.) 8240 . fun, Ml. 65c9 . fan IGT, 24 P 8, 190 . Ó Héodhusa 68 . pl. fona. Incorrectly fosnaib, LL 63bx ( TBC-LL¹ 1020 ).

With pron. suff.: 1 sg. foum (gl. íssum) Hy vi 4 Comm. fóm, LL 82b30 . fúm, ACL iii 236 § 6 . TSh. 4226 . fúm, fóm IGT, 24 P 8, 193 .

2 sg. fout, SR 1734 (monos.). fót, 835 . LU 2815 . fūd ZCP vi 283.21 . fút, —d; fót, —d IGT, 24 P 8, 193 . fád TD 10.20 .

3 s. m. n., acc. fo, Ml. 37a14 . foa, LU 8849 . fua, 8525 . foí, 2011 . fóo, TBC-I² 1283 . fóu, Trip. 130.6 . LB 191b58 (fói). fóe, LL 62b21 . 80a41 . foei LB 7b44 . fáe, Lat. Lives 46.10 . dat. (not distinguished in Mid. Ir.) fou, Ml. 38c3 . 64a10 . 98c10 . Bodl. Dinds. s.v. prull (foe Y). foú, Ml. 35b16 . fó, LU 1483 ( foo, 5620 is possibly acc. pl.). Trip. 222.6 . foa (fóu E) 240.14 . fáe, CCath. 1214 . foe, MacCongl. 89.15 . fai, Lism. L. 1666 . fua, LU 6424 . TBC-LL¹ 3378 . fáe (sin), CCath. 1477 . faoi, IGT, Introd. § 73 . ata m'ḟalluing ... fa ḟior o beith faoi , IGT 24 P 8, 190 . faoi, Ó Héodhusa 68 .

3 s. f. foí, LU 6214 . ? fúe, 7121 ( BDD 80 ). fóe (diss.), Imr. Brain § 6 (ref. to inis). foithi, Trip. 8.10 . Marco P. 16 . Lism. L. 50 . fóthi, LL 59.49 ; 267b27 . foithe, MacCongl. 122.32 . Lism. L. 2220 . fuithe, Acall. 2756 . fúithe, TSh. 1679 . fáoithi, IGT, Decl. ex. 432 . fúithe, fóithe, faoithe IGT, 24 P 8, 193 .

1 pl. found TBC-I¹ 3578 . fúinn, Maund. 157 . TSh. 8033 . fōin, fōind, ACL iii 235 § 28 (: ōir). 237 § 23 (cōir). fúnn, fúinn, fóinn, faoinn IGT, 24 P 8, 193 .

2 pl. fuibhsi, Acall. 2173 . faoibh, Studies 1921, 74 . Luc. Fid. 366.6 . fúibh, fóibh, faoibh IGT, 24 P 8, 193 .

3 pl. acc. fou, Ml. 42 b 7 . fóthu, LL 63b21 . 85a24 . fúthu, Fianaig. 94.17 . fūthu, CCath. 2445 (as dat. 1889 ). fōthu (as dat.) 3032 . 3189 . 4718 . fōtha, 4834 . 5208 . fūtha (as dat.) Maund. 157 . fútha, TSh. 1164 . dat. fóthib, LU 1889 . LL 95b43 . fōthib (as acc.) 62b33 . fóthib, 222a23 ( TTr. 363 ). foíthib (as acc.) LU 6166 . ? foithib (: soithib), Metr. Dinds. iv 86.76 . fūthaibh (as acc.) Marco P. 91 . fuithibh (—uí—?) 100 . fúthaibh, TSh. 2270 (as acc. 2374 ). fúthuibh, faoithibh IGT, 24 P 8, 193 .

With poss. 1 sg. fóm, LL 113b28 . LB 161bx . fom, LB 6a19 . 191a9 . bám, 179a42 . fám, FDG 287 . TSh. 2145 . 2 sg. fot, LL 259b24 ; 32 . fót, LU 3903 . 6090 . LL 259b36 . fád, TSh. 7867 , - 74 . 3 s. foa, Wb. 32c13 . LU 10653 . 10661 . 10910 . fóa, 5596 . LB 192b29 . fána, Keat. ii 6299 . TSh. 1576 . 4216 . fo (axail) BDD 148 U (foo Y). fo (smacht) LB 178b54 .

1 pl. fóar, Wb. 9a1 . LB 172b3 . fo ar, LB 171b37 . fánar, TSh. 5591 (verse).

2 pl. fo bar, Wb. 23d11 .

3 pl. foa, LU 6781 . fona, BCC p. 396.23 . fana, FDG 409 . fána, TSh., 3067 .

I Of local relations.

(a) under, beneath: used more extensively than the corresponding Engl. prep., as the Irish idiom, in speaking of two things one above another prefers to say that B is under A rather than that A is over B: foum (gl. íssum) Hy vi 4 Comm. bieit a namait fo a chosaib som under his feet Wb. 32c13 . a tabairt fu chossa `their being put under foot' Ml. 67c2 . lecca derca fo chossaib, LU 2424 . asin tiprait boí fón drochat, 1797 . co n-accatar fón muir fóthib annís dúine, 1889 . gabais in mnaí foa lethoxail took the woman under his arm 10910 . atnaig C. foí thrusts him under it 5233 . da lurgain lomchaela fae, Thr. Ir. Gl. 36 (Corm. s.v. prull). do chuir a lámh chlé faoi chum éirghe dó, Comp. CC 81.10 . léigcitt a nglūine fútha they kneel down Maund. 77 . gabais ... a chois foí, LU 1503 (`took him by the leg' MU 51 ). co mmema do fergara fót 6099 . ro thescsat a leth-iscait ... foei, PH 554 . mani má in talam fúe, BDD 80 . mana maidi in talam found, TBC-I¹ 3578 . in cloch no geissed fo chosaib cach ríg nogeibedh Hérinn, Dinds.. i § 13 = BB 350a18 . in tan ticedh ri Eirenn fuirre, do ghéised in lecc fái, Acall. 7999 . ro hecrait áine ┐ urluachair fóthu, TBC-LL¹ 998 . mairg cois isa bond fa mbris woe to the foot under whose sole it breaks ACL iii 237 § 21 . atá fó cach duma .l. fer, LU 2873 . a lec na righ ... fút atát cuirp na tri Tadg, Ériu ii 166.30 . líc ... foa n-adnaicthe na gennte, Marco P. 16 . in ail fó ro hadnachta a sin, 18 . fo Loch Echach, LU 2970 . fo dílind, Ériu iv 130.17 . docuaidh se fai an abhainn ... ┐ nir eirich se no gor baithed e, BCC § 149 . (cf. no thogfaind mo chlíu | ma úir, LU 9856 . ge fía dig fa húir, 9859 ). luid fo thalmain, Fél. May 20 . a chor fo thalmain to bury PH 664 . mar fhágbhaid fá úir é, TSh. 970 . droichet fo ngabhait longa under which ships pass Marco P. 136 . fo gréin (nim) under sun (heaven) i.e. alive; in the world: nisfil fo grein fairind ... basid feiliu, ACL iii 297z . gan coimmeas ris fon g. ... acht tusa he has no equal in the world but thee Duan. F. ii 324 § 25 . ní fil fo nim ní ... na dingned, LU 3911 ( SCC 42 ). teglach fo teglach ind ḟir | ni fil fo n., AU 894 . gan neach 'na n-aghoidh fo neimh no one in the world against them Duan. F. ii 164 § 35 . dona daoinibh fá neamh, TSh. 2088 (= sub caelo ... hominibus Actus iv 12 ). Esp. in sense of carrying, supporting: droichet ..., xxx. uaithne fulaing fai, Marco P. 97 . beir let licc ... fot suidi, SR 1593 . is amlaid ... atá in rígsudi ... co cethri colomnaib foi, LU 2006 ( FA 7 ). cen fúndamit fái PH 7816 . tū ag folang fóin supporting us beneath ACL iii 235.28 . ech ... foa suidiu, LU 10661 . tri eich derga foa suidib, BDD 30 (foithib, Eg. fosuidib DE). gerrán Patraic foa (fóu, Eg.) P.'s nag was carrying it (of a load) Trip. 240.14 . na dá ech filet fón charput, LU 8590 . secht carpait ... ┐ ceithri heich dēc fūithibh, ZCP vii 300.12 . fuaim nechraide fó ríg the sound of steeds under a king's chariot BDD 50 . fuaim carbaid fo rígh, BNnÉ 183.11 . in carpat fil fónd ócláig, TBC-LL¹ 1815 . carbad ... bhias faoi ... rothadha fan charbad, Ó Héodhusa 68 . in sdét robúi fae Sir G. ZCP vi 56.32 . ber mul ... fud `have under thee a ... mule' 283.21 . confacatar in fer mbecc ... ┐ luingin creduma foi in a skiff of bronze RC vi 183.4 . in cholcid boí foí the bed he was on LU 10478 . nirbo gnáth in corthe út fo enaib that pillar was not wont to have birds on it LL 121b34 ( RC iii 181 ). ech ... ina laige fo eri, PH 5846 . baile a laighfedh an damh fon ccarpat, BNnÉ 32.1 . arna loscedsi ... in fer nobiad fóthi that it should not burn the man who carried it (of a magic spear) MU² 741 ( LL 267b27 ). tuc gobal ... fo a cinnu stuck their heads on a fork Dinds. 144 . do rad C. a carpat fo leabhraibh Beraich loaded his chariot with B.'s books BNnÉ 31 y . asail berar fa lointibh la gach n-aen `asses laden with provisions are taken' Marco P. 20 . mac in chruittiri fón cruit, Ériu ix 49 § 30 . fer fo bhíudh ... aroile fo lionn, Hugh Roe² 11.26 (f. 6b) . focheirded id n-óir immi | nád bāded fairge foa that the sea might not drown him while he wore it Metr. Dinds. iii 104.23 . éicne ... is é fuillechta fo mil dressed with honey TBFr. § 23 . cuiridh fo shalann é pickle it BNnÉ 74.8 . tuirtín fá luaith (= subcinericium panem) TSh. 4926 . do chorpán fo chrú covered with gore ML 110.13 ( ML² 1455 ). cona brugaib fo blāth flowering meadows SR 379 . boí [Mag Breg] fó a lí ┐ fó bláth cach datha LU 10792 . finemhain fo torud, ZCP v 24 § 2 . gort nach bi fa barr that bears no crops ACL iii 236 § 5 . clúana ... fá sgingbheirt reóidh `meadows wrapped in a cloak of ice' Ó Heódhusa, Studies 1921, 419 . dolluid in curach fo séol trena mocoll under sail LU 1928 . laoidheang fa lán seóil under full sail TD 20.30 . do bhí an domhan fa dhall chiach 7.33 . cotlud dó fón sāith sin, LU 3451 ( SCC 23 ). in ghein fil fat bruindi in thy womb RC vi 175.55 . i taig fó glas, LU 4764 . fuaratar in carcair fon iadhad doratsat forri, PH 3696 . in carcair do beth fon ṅdúnad cetna, 3698 . Cf. a mbeit[h] i mbuaile fo iadhu an oidhche (of cows), Laws iv 96.24 . corbo ecen clar fo dlutad uasu, BB 390b1 . bheith geimhlighthe fá ghéibheann ghrás nDé, TSh. 2201 . docuaid C. fana corp fen san aiér in his own body BCC § 149 . an tan ... nach féadann ... an biadh ... do chongbháil fána chlí cannot retain his food TSh. 1575 . comēt dam mo chride ... ni raib miscais foë let there be no hatred in it ZCP vi 259 § 6 . dosrat fo chlaidiub put them to the sword SR 4148 . ce atagtha fo claideb, Ériu ii 122.21 . dochuaidh Pol fo cloidhem BB 10a3 ( MacCarthy 284 ). luidh fo lannaib fell by blades BB 50b29 ( MacCarthy 422 ). tair fón claideb come under the sword (in token of submission) LU 9659 ( ZCP iii 212 ). cárna samaisci do indarggain fo thál ┐ béuil, TBFr. § 19 . Often loosely used to denote an inferior position: tobert C. a lue ... co mboí a n-imdorus isin tenlug fó, LU 1483 ( MU² 964 , `the door fell down before him' MU 51 ). suidid fo glún Conchobair (i.e. at C.'s feet ?) LU 5206 . ro slecht fo chossaib Mártain at M.'s feet RC ii 400.16 . PH 1335 . tarrustar ... fo chossa G., 1372 . fo chosaib Gamaliél ... ro alt [Pól], 1649 . co mbí fo chrund bethad, LU 1356 . bud iomdha ... mairbh fa ríoghnaibh roisgḟliucha `many will be the wet-eyed queens over their dead' TD 16.71 . do-chuaidh Ionas ... fá chrann, TSh. 2477 . an tan bhíos ... fá láimh chlí Dé on God's left hand 9891 . angcaire ... do léigean fúthaibh, 2374 . fo choimm: see 1 coim. fo chomair: see comair.

(b) of direction towards, into, through: a naslui grién foa fuined `when the sun goes away to its setting' BCr. 33b18 . doluid fon caillid (= ad silvam) Lat. Lives 85 ( dochuaid isin caill, Hy v 61 Comm. ). gur ling an t-each uaidh fán gcoill, TSh. 1001 . ralotar fón fid, CRR 37 . nach tan nosbert eolchaire fo rian roglass whenever homesickness brought them on the sea Anecd. i 69.1 . amair raga sa ... asan curach fo thir RC xiv 60.24 . docuaidh ... roime fon tír, ZCP vi 51.9 . dochuiremar an long fo tír isin oilén, BNnÉ 49.35 . tunda fina do cur fo tir cast on shore Ann. Conn. 1310 § 10 . dús in táir cobair Ulad foo, LU 5620 . buailis fá lár a chorp to the ground TSh. 5586 . ro léig fo lár a ḟoghuil ... ┐ ro an acumsa `abandoned' Fianaig. 76.8 . Cf. roínfid fuil féne fo don, LU 6615 . teiched ... fo fhoithrib, Marco P. 55 . do theich fo sliabh C., CCC 79.1 . ni lamhann drochspirat techt fa tech i mbí, Maund. 15 (c ?). teid fan ceol in the direction of the music ZCP v 501 (cf. II j). tolotatar fon fes came to the feast RC xiii 223.50 . cromait ... fan cath bend to the (i.e. engage in) battle ZCP viii 224 . Cf. cuir aris fao cluasa do chroidhi da eisteacht = ad iterum audiendum aures cordis accommoda Instructio 119.28 . tigid fád lorg = sub tua vestigia TSh. 7867 . Cf. celebrait ... na ocht trath oc molad ... in Coimded co claischétol aircaingel oc tíachtain foí (the birds) sing the hours in praise of the Lord with the quire of the archangels accompanying it LU 2011 ( FA 7 ). do-beir láim fo undertakes, attempts (see lám).

(c) esp. of impact, collision, attack: benaid foo LU 4874 . benaid fona maccu, 4885 . buain fútha meddling with them (?) Ériu v 71.6 . (see benaid, búain). tarlaic urchur fuithib, RC v 199.11 (see do-léci). ac tabairt sádaid do crann a tsleigi fuithe, Acall. 2756 . buailtear an long fá charraig against a rock TSh. 3759 . do-bheir craos-ruathar ... fútha makes a hungry onslaught on them 1164 . téit (imm-soí, etc.) f. turns on, attacks: cobair cethra foa tiagat coin alltai helping cattle attacked by wolves Ériu ii 210.2 . teit [in béist] fo thrédu Gargan ┐ ro marb dímór dib, PH 7227 . amail teit ség fa mindtu, MR 70.16 = FDG 627 . do chu[a]idh fúthu ┐ tríthu, Fianaig. 94.17 . ná deach faoibh fréamh ar ndoibheart ` assail ' Eoghan R. Mhac an Bhaird, Studies 1921, 74 . imsoí foíthib ┐ marbthus íat, LU 6166 . imsói fothu, Metr. Dinds. iii 258.29 . maitti a ndírím fó araill, LU 6667 (`their forces rush at each other' Faraday, Faraday, 96 ). no co roicher (ndeachar v.l.) fo longphort fer nÉ., CCC 94.16 . eirgidh fo palas in rígh `attack' Fier. 131 . amhail choin ... do sgaoilfidhe fá shluaghaibh, TSh. 3122 . ionsoighidh foithib ... amhuil faolcoin fo chaorchaib, Hugh Roe 226.9 (f. 60a) . lingid ... fótha dá n-óirleach, Keat. i 204.31 . co ngreis a choin fona clerchiu, Lism. L. 276 . lecidh in rí na griba futhaibh, Marco P. 91 . lór do chur cháich fa chéile enough to set all at variance TD 6.2 .

(d) throughout, over, gen. of motion: ducuaid inducbal cruche Crist fun domun, Ml. 65c9 . fon domun for cech leth (gl. longe lateque) 53b9 . seinter lat ... cornn ... | co roa a glōir fo secht nime, SR 1368 . teid ... do iarraid a legis fon doman, RC xii 326.22 . ro closs fon ṁbith, Fél. Oct. 15 . dorónad coindmed na filed ... fo Érind, LU 360 . rocluinter ... a nggáir fón firmimint, 2199 . forodalta Conaille fo hÉrinn, ZCP viii 330.29 . roscuir ... a munter ... fon Eoraip sent his people all over Europe PH 267 . rosfuid Dia Michel fo na secht nimib, MacCarthy 68.9 ( LB 112bx ). co clos fona crichaib comfoicsibh, CCath. 1428 . fodlaidh baill an maic ... fo naemaib hErenn distributes the limbs ... amongst the saints BColm. 92.13 . co clos fosnaib tuathaib uili, TBC-LL¹ 1020 . scél scáilter fa chách amongst all CRR 54 . a clú ica irrdercugud fo cech popol, CCath. 333 . do bhrúcht Loch Con fa thír over the land Keat. i p. 162 . In : do himdergadh go mōr fa ghnúis ... na hingine a deep blush came over Ériu v 84.14 , fa replaces imm ; cf. ro himdergad imon ceand, RC xxiv 64 § 26 , and see (f) below. Cf. amal arrograd descad fo bairgin, Wb. 9b13 . laibhín ... faoi leaven mixed with it TSh. 8982 . foillech di menadaich fa bargen, Ériu vii 140.15 (` leg. for,' Ed.).

(e) on: .lll. mac fo chathaírib airgdidib, BDD 105 Y. Cf. faidhit din claraigh uasa mbarcuibh ... ni chuirid pic forro, acht ola ┐ cailc ┐ cnaib do mhingerred tritha, ┐ a cur fuithib (`with this they pay their ships'), Marco P. 145 .

(f) about, around (contamination of IMM , see also II l et seq. below): sciathrach scéith do gabáil fó brágit round his neck CRR 17 . gab craidhi spideoigi ... ┐ cuir fa braigid an ti ... take a robin's heart and hang it round the neck of ..., Rosa Angl. 234.7 . do cuiretar coroin fa chenn, Maund. 16 . craicind ... leoman ba cathbar[r] ma [fo, Eg.] cendaib on their heads TTebe 2672 . slabhra ... fána chom, Keat. ii 6299 (= moa bragit, Rawl. 81a15 . ima b., YBL 127a25 ). do gabh crios fa a colainn, ZCP i 62 § 45 . an bhfuil sróll ... fána chneas?, TSh. 4216 . fá bhrághaid, 7549 . duine fá mbíd an dá ghéibheann úd, 7542 . coróin fána cheann, 40 . fa (um, v.l.) dhruim píasda | filltir slíasda flatha Fáil, IGT, Decl. ex. 1226 . Hence hard by, near (?): ro marbsad lucht dā eathar fan Suca, RC xviii 188.32 (Tig.). Cf. dodechad ... dot chursu fan lind, TBC-LL¹ 3420 = mon lind, TBC-I¹ 2628 , where under is possibly the meaning. maidm ... do tabairt do Ch. fo Beol Atha S. for Conallchaib, Ann. Conn. 1359 § 3 (= oc Áth S., FM).

II Of fig. and abstract relations,

(a) under ; dofucfa ... na mbia fo menmain a chéli cena falsigud o briathraib, LU 2665 . Cf ailithre idan ... ticc co menicc fo menmain, ACL iii 321 § 1 . is messi ... dorat fó menmain Ailella do seircsiu put love of thee into A's heart LU 10779 (= for , Ériu xii 170. 15 ). Especially with words denoting appearance, state, condition, manner, attendant circumstances, classification : dath ... fo chosmailius saphirr like sapphire Ml. 84d4 . dolega ... fo chosmailius dilenn, 62b20 . conrotacht ... a tech ... fó chosmailius na Cráebrúadi, LU 8045 . fon óenchummi in one way Sg. 14b1 . is cuma nóblighthea bai ┐ eillti fon aenchumai cach dia ré linn, Cóir Anm. 26 . dotháet ass fón cumma sin, LU 6496 . fon cruth sa, 3539 ( SCC 29 ). atcessa iat ... fon cruth sin, LU 8770 ( FB 57 ). co n-ebairt fón n-innasa so that he spake thus LU 2317 (cf. sections g, j below). esergi in ciniuda dóennai fon n-innas sa, 2720 . fóa n-innas cetna in the same manner 8240 ( FB 18 ). LU 9095 ( FB 84 ). fon innas cétna, LU 8797 ( FB 60 ). fon n-innus sin, Marco P. 85 . nodslaid fón alt cétna beat him in the same way LU 3288 ( SCC 8 ). secht mbliadnai di fond alt sin in that condition LL 280a23 ( SG 415 ). a mbatar ... fon samail sin thus LU 3301 ( SCC 10 ). dorónad grianán ... fo chomardus imdaí Conchobair as high as LU 8062 ( FB 3 ). fo deilb diabuil in the form of a demon SR 1739 . slabrada ... fo deilb natrach, LU 2174 ( FA 25 ). imad ... lecc lógmar innte fo chuma grene ┐ ésca, LB 138b19 . fo feib, SR 375 . fo clith secretly 1281 . co mbatar blíadain fo chleith, Metr. Dinds. iii 390.79 . fo gné sub specie: fo gné bairgine, PH 5183 . fo bithphianaib, SR 1740 . fo déraib in tears Fél. Ep. 174 . Prol. 24 . sínset fo brón ... cosin crích `pursued their way in ... grief' Metr. Dinds. iii 390.73 . luid C. fo luinni úad in indignation LU 6021 . caland fa scīs a weary body ACL iii 237 § 26 . gan duine fo fhodord dibh `without one of them murmuring' BS 108 § 54 . siu nobeth fo athis rather than be disgraced LU 2932 . bía fónd anim sin thou shalt carry that blemish 6092 . bánbéim na fagaib feith fo saoth .i. fo tinnes, O'D. 826 ( H 3.17, 590 - 1 ). beth fa essanóir, PH 7387 . robúi B. fa anoir, ZCP vi 296.7 . cath ... ó a mbeid Gaoidhil fo mheabhoil, Duan. F. ii 160 . dolluid A. dochum a thíri fó chōri ┐ óentaid fri U., LU 1551 . scarsat ... fo ṡīdh ┐ chaenchomhrac, Marco P. 151. 156 . bheith ag luiṅgseóireacht arthraigh ... fá phioráideacht in piracy TSh. 2165 . bretnas ... cona ecor dé ór fo ṡnīm plaited Anecd. i 61 § 91 (= co mbrephnib óir LU 1809 ). fa áis na maighden `of the age' Maund. 253 . nech ... fu grad epscoip of the rank of a bishop Ériu vii 140.1 . fa marbhdataid ! mortifiyed RSClára 91a . dí laogh fona dathaibh uccat of those colors BNnÉ 10.27 . arrubert bith ann ... fo glēre lesaigt[h]i bíd ┐ cormae, BColm. 84.5 . níl an flaitheas so faoi ghluas acht moving Corp. Astron. 36.15 . eter comslechtaib na cethri sen find fichet fu aen fochanat in unison(?) Rawl. 106b29 (cf. Rev. iv 4 , 10 ). a lan do laechaib ... fa oengnim ┐ oengaisced fris fein equal in exploits ... to himself MR 80.11 = FDG 733 . da mbeth fuath duine ... am chride, ┐ bás d'fhagbail fái-sin cen aithrige were hatred of anyone in my heart, and I died thus, unrepentant PH 7488 (but this may belong to section j, q.v.). Cf. fo réim on a course (?) BDD 50 (sic leg.? Cf. dochuaid int en ... for foluamain fon reim sin, Aen. 1133 ). fo ogi oiffrinn `at completeness of offering' ACC 93 (= LU 994 ).

(b) of grammatical function, in Glosses (a particular application of preceding): is fo huath[ud] ... a n-institutae `institutae' is in the singular Ml. 42b12 . is ainm naimsire hisunt ... ciasu menciu fu dobrethir it is more frequent adverbially 67a4 . is fo infinit dutiagar ... á mmanifestare (the word) `manifestare' is construed as an infinitive 101c6 , 7 . cid fo gním cid fo chésath dotiagar actively ... passively Wb. 6a29 . is fo foxlaid dutiagtar `they are construed ablatively' Ml. 106c3 . fo diultad as a negative Laws iv 68.29 Comm. Corm. Y 407 . ni fú indidit ata `irascemini' sunt ... acht is for imchomarc ata `in affirmation ... in interrogation' Ml. 20b13 . fo neutur in the neuter Sg. 90b 5 , 6 .

(c) of meaning underlying: inni bess fon fogur sin the sense which is under that sound Wb. 12d5 . a folad foṡuidigther fond ṡun `the substance put under the word' Sg. 73b3 . fun trop són (gl. sub hac figure discribitur) Ml. 66a4 . muna cíall shiobhuil bhíos fúthaibh unless they are used with the sense of motion (of certain prepositions) IGT, Introd. § 72 . Cf. ni thuigim an fliuchadh sin, achd munab braiseach ... as mian leis do thuigsin faoí, Rule of Tallaght § 87 . briathar fá n-ab iontuigthe nach cóir, etc. from which we may infer Eochairsg. 9.20 .

(d) under, subject to: fun inuilligud (gl. sub tutione) Ml. 30b23 . fu Moysi under Moses (as ruler) 63b4 . dos-&mdot;béra fo chumachte in maicc, Wb. 13b30 . ni fó ar máam ataid, 9a1 . condumfel fo mám pectho, 3c38 . ni rabatar ... riam fo recht fetarlicce , Wb. 19d11 . bíd Sattan ... fót cumachtu, PH 3937 . biait fót ... airbri imdai archaṅgel, SR 835 . Pilait fua ro chés ar Fíada, Fél. Prol. 86 . ingreim na nIúdaide fó Antoich under (the reign of) A. PH 5499 . níor dúnadh dorus leasa | fa Bhéac `in the reign of B.' TD 32.39 . co mbet Cristaighi fa Idhalaib an uair sin mar attatt Idhail fútha-san aníu, Maund. 237 . úa na rígh ... bhios fo shiol na Saxanach, Duan. F. ii 166.42 . an lā ... dobēra cāch fuibh ┐ sibh os cāch, CCath. 5059 . do ocaib ... biti fo anmchairtes under spiritual direction Mon. Tall. § 71 . slechtais ... fo ogreir Maolruaoin prostrated himself in complete submission to M. (under the absolute will of) § 77 . fo míscaid bretheman brátha, LU 2289 ( FA 34 ). fo chis do Magnus fil si under tribute to M. Marco P. 3 . fo mhamus M. fuil si subject to M. 4 . na ... righ fil fo mamus Naim, 54 . cuiris M. faa smacht he, 99 . dorad iathu E. ... fo smacht flaithiusa Muman, RC xxiv 186.7 . gur chuir faoi forgla an domhain subdued TD 13.40 . na daine éadtroma ... do chonnmhail fa shilens an chlaustra = in claustro sub disciplina Instructio 201.17 . co fuilitt fa plánét Ṡáduirnn under (the rule of) Saturn Maund. 141 . ar mbeith dhuit fá leigheas = sub medicamento TSh. 8190 . mairg atá fá theas na teineadh, 6416 (cit.). ré mbeith don phobal I. fá éagcomhlann, 6103 .

Téit fo submits to, undergoes; assumes: in tan diagmani fo baithis. Wb. 3a15 . tect fo smachtu rechto, 19d11 . intí téte fo recht n-imdibi, 20a12 . dochóid Ísu fo reacht n-imdibe, PH 5652 . in tan teit oen ... fo gradaib in choimded takes holy orders 7157 . mane tē fó láim n-epscoip iar mbathus unless he is confirmed Ériu i 218.24 (see lám). fo-ácaib fo leaves at the discretion (mercy) of: do fágadh in faidhchi folum faī, ZCP vi 31.2 . forḟacaib [in mac] isinn inadsin fo na hethaidib left ... there exposed to the birds RC xxiv 190 § 2 . fágbhaim fá bhreathnughadh gach aonduine, cia is córa ... ?, TSh. 5002 (see fácbáil, fo-ácaib). fag gach aindligheadh ... fa dheithidi ... in bhreitheamhan, Instructio 200.22 . lectir fu mes nDe it is left to God's judgment Ériu vii 158.35 .

(e) under (a name, head, rubric, etc.): fond oinfailsigud (gl. sub eodem ... argumento) Ml. 36b16 . arroét Iosep ... Muire ... fo anmum chomaime under the name of wife PH 6917 . gab fon aithne-si gach lá saire include under this commandment 7372 . atā cech uli ... fon aithne-si every ... is included under this commandment 7542 . atā bán aithne-si ... cech ní 7609 . ní háirmighther Éire ... fan clíma ard Ireland is not counted as belonging to Maund. 157 . fo [o]en aicciund adfiadar `it [a compound] is pronounced under a single accent' Sg. 74b8 . Cf. dosbert fobairt bidbad fó bidbadaib foraib, LU 6498 (`the attack of an enemy among enemies' Faraday, Faraday 92 ). Here seem to belong: ba fou fachart[at]arsom, Ml. 64a10 . is fáei iarom latharsat légnide na mBretan innísin (introducing an explanation), Thr. Ir. Gl. 9 (Cormac s.v. cruimther. Y has instead: is fair iarom rolaset).

(f) under = less than; inferior to: faoi áois iomchubhaidh `before sufficient age' RSClára 6a . an t-aonmhadh lá déag ... faoi nó ós a chionn the eleventh day or thereabouts Corp. Astron. 4.12 . gion go raibhe créatúir san gcruinne fá aingeal budh uaisle, TSh. 1100 . ba hē amāin faoi Dia dusratt in Edāill ... fo chuing chreidmhe, Fl. Earls 100.14 . faoí Dia acht in guibernoir ni himda persa ... is fessach 70.30 .

(g) according to, in accordance with , an extension of (d) and (e) above; in Glosses gen. in combination with vbs. GAIBID and DO-BEIR: fon cheill fuandrogab in faith in the sense in which the prophet has uttered it Ml. 38c3 . cid fosodi[n] nogabad D. .i. foní fuantuic P., 35a9 . is fosodin rogabad 35b10 . bed foú nogabtis ... foní fuatabarr ib. 16 , 18 . as sain ind fiugor fuandrogab in faith ┐ ind rún fuantaibret in suuischelaichthi, 45a3 . is fo dobertar inna anman fonna inni fordi[n]grat names are given in accordance with the qualities they signify 37a14 . fo sin in that case, in accordance with that Ml. 42c24 , 46c14 , Sg. 106a5 . is foa ... dothét cech pennain ... fo meit an pectha every penance is determined by the magnitude of the sin RC xv 487y . pennith fon cinaid, Ériu vii 158.2 . gu cumaid a ndeghghnima fon n-etargna sin, Lism. L. 4612 . do suidhigedh na sluaig fo med i [ = a] n-uaisli, Fianaig. 56.1 . mani fochlither a bruth ... fóa réir fodein unless his ardor be attended to according to his own pleasure LU 8622 ( FB 46 ). direnar leithdire ... fo suire cacha feda according to the rank of each tree Laws iv 168.21 . dīre cāich fo miad `according to his dignity' i 40.13 . fothud ... do cechtar da lina fo miad, ii 378.5 . daithin na dáime fana miad ┐ fana ngrad, FDG 409 = MR 50z . doronsat iomarbaigh ... fa ccumang according to their ability Leb. Gab.(i) i 248.25 . fam dhícheall to the best of my power A. Ó Dálaigh x 2 . fá a ngníomrad mestar mic rígh, O'Gr. Cat. 358.5 . fuaratar fona mian í itir tess ┐ fhuacht as they liked it BCC p. 396.23 . Cf. in lucht dara betha a colann fo na míanaib do frestal, PH 7463 . rotheichset fo nertaib bāgh by dint of courage (?) RC x 54. 2 v.l. ( ICM xxi ). Here, perhaps: to-tēt meas fo aimseara, BDD 28 Y (fó U), expl. by: téid an breitheamhnas ris an aimsir, O'Cl. s.v. meas (8) .

(h) like, corresponding to (extension of preceding. Cf. fo bēsad fir trebuir `after the manner of a prudent man' Wb. 29d23 . fo béesad fir téte do chath, 9a3 ): ni thainicc riam tegluch fóo ┐ nicon riccfo co brath, IT iii 238.111 . orguin fón orguin dorat dún, BDD 48 (.i. mar an argain, Stowe; lit. in proportion to i.e. in requital of (?)cf. (q)). robad orgain fo araile in sin, 66 U (fon aile Y. ba argain már a chéle hí, Stowe). ni fail mac rig ... fo Ceallach, AU 894 (poem). ni taircell Eriu ... fer fo Mael ... Muru, 886 (= mar AFM 884 ). flaith fial fo rig nAilbine as generous as AFM 845 . fo Choin Culaind comchosmail, LU 8454 ( FB 30 = for, Eg.; fri, Voss.). teaghlach fo theaglach an ḟir ni fil, AFM 890 = AU 894 . fón bfleadhughadh út doronabair abhus forbia mu fhleadhssa tall daibh like the feasting you have enjoyed here Marco P. 12 .

(i) with numerals as multiplicative (an early use, perhaps orig. implying motion, ZCP viii 33 - 34 ): fo dí twice Wb. 24b22 . Ml. 46a21 . a úaig dil fo dí doubly dear LU 9977 ( PRIA iii 538 ). dammidethar fá dí, LU 9132 ( FB 88 ). a óen fo deich ten times one BCr. 31c5 . fo thrí, Wb. 17d4 . rogabsat ... forro fo thrí in n-insi, LU 221 . blegon inna mbo fo thri Hy v 32 . dorónsat fa thrí, LU 193 . fo aen a mbliadain once a year Laws iv 350.19 Comm. Cluain maic N. do argain fo thri ... fecht o Sil nA. ┐ fo dó hó Callraidhi, RC xvii 390.25 . AU 1050 . resíu goires in coilech fa dó, PH 3196 . a sé fo chethair four times six LL 181b28 ( Arch. Hib. ii 48 ). a chairdis Crist fó secht his seven-times gossip RC xviii 14.19 . With compar.: aidbliu fo míle, LU 2003 . soillsi fo secht oltas grian, FA 10 LB (= soillsithir ... andá LU 2029 ). mó fá dheich ten times more IGT, Decl. ex. 1027 . With co (later also co ba, co ma): confitebimur du ebert cu fudi twice Ml. 94a2 . co fo ṡecht, LL 209b46 ( Ériu vii 220 ). ro loisc Life co ba ṡecht, ACL iii 304 § 4 . tri cēd ... co ma thri thrice three hundred Fen. 354 . mo bhennacht gomá secht go Breifneachaibh, BNnÉ 267.7 . gid scriptuir bes go ma secht | in cech cill, Anecd. ii 38.1 .

(j) at, by (of occasion, conjuncture, etc. on or at which something happens, orig. perhaps an extension of (d) above): is fo forṅgartaid tra fosin dutiagar á manifestare ... is fo infinit dutiagar fu[n] dul so the (word) `manifestare' is construed as an imperative in that case [ = under that interpretation] ... as an infinitive in this case Ml. 101c6 - 7 . dochuamar i nEigeipt fo chuiriud Foraind at Pharaoh's invitation Ériu iv 140.21 . ar a gabail fo lige fo eirge for singing it at lying down and rising Lib. Hymn. i 46.17 ; 5.30 . lá lodmar fo gairm in ríg at the king's call LL 206b4 ( RC vii 290.6 ). tiucfa se fa guth an cluic at the sound of the bell BCC § 220 . is fad thúarasgbhailsi tanag (= on hearing of thy fame) Ériu v 98.31 . tancadar fir Erenn fo thasc in rig (i.e. on the report of the king's death), Dinds. 136 . in duine ticced fón n-égem, LU 1908 . egis in gilla. doroich Loegaire fua, LU 8525 ( FB 38 ). eighthi in muccid, co tanic tuath in da Maine fae, BDD 20 . Cf. ro héged immumsa ... tanacaisiu fon égim, ScM. 11 . fo sodain, fo sin usually means by that time but occasionally at (with) that: íachtais in gilla—tic C. fo sodain, LU 8537 , LU 8546 ( FB 39 , 40 ). ro scáich noínnin Ulad fo sodain by that time LU 5899 . dolluid E. immach fo sodain, 8242 . tic F. fó sodain, 5645 . dochuadar amach fái sin, RC xxiii 424.11 . tainic dereadh in lai fae sin, CCath. 2416 . rucsad forro fai sin, Ann. Conn. 1270 § 7 . dorochair D. fóisede by that time RC xvi 280.16 ( Dinds. 161 ).

(k) during: fiu and fo domnach `rested there throughout Sunday' Trip. 156.19 ( fó d., Trip.² 1825 ). Trip. 182.21 ( Trip.² 2143 ). fiusam fo domnach ann, Trip. 174.7 ( Trip.² 2025 ).

(l) Of approximate time of an occurrence, at, about (cf. imm): fó athgin [taite v.l.] in erruigh ar chinn by the return of spring CCath. 169 . C. do ēcc ... fo fel Lurint, Ann. Conn. 1243 § 8 (cf. F. ... d'ecc im feil Martain ib. § 7 ). sluagad ... la maccaib rig C. ... fo fel Muri, 1249 § 9 . fo fel cros doronadh ALC ii 116 = Ann. Conn. 1405 § 15 . fá'n Nodloig-si, Ériu v 54.9 . na hanmunna tecuit fo dhomhnach a hifern on Sundays RC xiv 48.19 . an tan fa ticfa, Fianaig. 74.9 . dochuaidh ... fo ṡamhain ar cciontt hi ccenn Gall `went to the English the ensuing Allhallowtide' AFM v 1622.6 . ón am far scríobh Caesarius , Keat. i p. 48.14 . ón tráth fá dtánaig tar muir, TD 2.58 . an uair fa dtigthí ar Ibh Táil whenever ... were mentioned 3.48 . fá aimsir chinnte by a certain time TSh. p. 160 . ón tráth fár dhearbh lais as soon as he was certain 2800 . Of space: ro ḟorcongair forra celcc do inneall fá mhile do Ṡlicceach `within a mile of Sligo' AFM vi 1978.3 (see f above). Similarly in expressions like: fo dered, fo deod, fo dechtsa, etc. (see 1 deired, dead, fecht): go fuighedh bās fa cend tri la within three days BCC § 257 . muna bfacchadh fios ... faoi chenn bliaghna, Ériu iv 51.18 . Cf. first cit. under (f), above.

N.B.—In most of the exx. in the follg. sections FO (FA, FÁ etc.) replaces imm.

(m) after words denoting cause or reason, in rel. construction with vb.; cia hádbar fa filet oc iarraid ... ? why are they seeking ... ? PH 2761 . cid imár adair Ísu, ┐ cid fa tuc anoir do ?, 2611 . adbar bá ṅdlegar a sechna, 7435 . issé adhbur fa ndernatar ..., Maund. 10 . is dona hadhbharuibh as mó fár chuir Ronán one of the chief reasons for which R. put Ériu v 74.17 . is é fath fa tangamar, ZCP vi 50z . crét fá tancabar ?, PH 2924 . crét an fáth fa ndentar sin ? RC xxix 124.12 . ni ḟuarais maith ... far mholta dhuit ... iad for which they should be praised by thee ZCP viii 219 § 10 . an dara hadhbhar fár fhuiling Dia ... another reason why God allowed ... TSh. 3513 . an treas fáth fár thuit Ádhamh 3527 . With cop.: is é fáth fána doilghe this is the reason why 1132 . ciodh fár chóra ... ?, Keat. ii 936 .

(n) in respect of, as regards: is iad so mogha fíre Fergusa fo neart ┐ fo ghniomhradh, Ériu viii 136.16 . i gcuibhreann na mbó fán bhféar `feeding on grass with cattle' TSh. 3464 . fear mar Ghuaire fá dhúais d'ógaibh, Keat. Poems 211 . Esp. after adj.: réidh fá mhaoin lavish of 526 . brugh fa fial fá bhiadhaibh, 861 . líonmhar ... fá dhaoinibh populous Keat. ii 937 . as bhuaine fa bhuanfholuibh, 23 F 16, 195 (`in respect of long-enduring kindreds' O'Gr. Cat. 399 ). In asyntactical constr.: fan seanchas chuirim chugaibh, congbhaidh é `as to the facts I bring forward' Content. xxi 6 . About, concerning: bá thómos a thigi thancabair `about the measure of his house' (Hennessy) MU² 855 ( LL 268b17 ). iar saruccadh Ruadain do Diarmait fa Aedh nG. after D. had insulted R. in the matter of A. BNnÉ 88.18 . cogadh ... fa chrích ... bhFáil fógrais É., TD 18.25 . damsa ceart ... | fon gcloidheamsin `grant justice ... about that sword' Duan. F. ii 132 § 28 . an bhreath ... rug Solamh ... fán gcloinn, TD 2.48 . mun ní fá dtairge a theagosg in anything in which thou attemptest to instruct him 15.51 . mór d'ulc ... do-righneadh fa (um v.l.) cheann an chnuic, 4.1 (see 1 cenn). síodh fan gcrann peace (i.e. forgiveness) for the spear Dán Dé iv 9 . súil Gaoidheal ruibh fad ríoghadh TD 10.31 . go dtug sé ... tuarastal do thaoiseach ... fá thoidheacht a reward for coming TSh. 259 . Esp. after words denoting mental action or emotion: cen chuimni fon ēc without thought of death ACL iii 239.16 . eagla ... fá thuitim, TSh. 3520 . fonn ... fá bhás d'fhagháil, 6059 . débhóision ... fána naomhaibh ┐ fa thaisibh na naomh, Ó Héodhusa 144x . amharus ... fa ḟiadh gConnacht doubt about TD 21.42 . budh ainfesach clēirigh fana fēiltiph fīre, ZCP x 50.14 . ní baránta inchreidthe é fa righ Lochlann do bheith, etc., it is not a credible guarantee that ... Keat. i p. 46 . After a number of vbs. (most of which are also used with IMM), e.g. of entreating, commanding, permitting, refusing, promising, preventing, of object of entreaty, etc.: roguid in coimdid bá indechad forsin errig, PH 792 . guidhim sibhsi fa guidhe ar mo shon fa mo leiccen mar so I entreat you to pray for me that I may be left as I am BNnÉ 67.6 . guidhes Dia ... fan documal sin do fortacht, RC xii 332.21 . do ghuidhsiod ... Dia fá gan eisean do mharthain that he might not live Keat. iii 2138 . impidhe do chur ar an rígh fá shaordháil do thabhairt dó, TSh. 4496 . tucc C. aonta fa theacht agreed to come Anecd. iii 2.17 . cead do thabhairt do L. fa chúanairt forba ... d'ḟaghail to allow L. to obtain Ériu v 78.28 . glend nach érthar nech fa coinnmedh where no one is refused entertainment BNnÉ 131.15 . díol farbh' éartha gach aoighe a payment which should be denied every guest TD 10.14 . is e Colum Cille bai 'na slanaigecht fona techt ... doridisi C. was security for his return RC xxiv 62 § 23 . muna dtugadh móid don rígh fá bheith díleas dhó, Keat. ii 5220 . rothairmisc tra in scel sin fa Polinices dul prevented P. from going TTebe 2767 (= imm, see do-airmesca). Of mocking: oc fanamut fa Ísu, PH 2864 (= imm). do fhochuitbiud fói (= immi) 3328 . dorindetar móran fonamhaitt fói, Maund. 15 . ag gāire fan ḟéin laughing at the fian CF 723 . occ gáiribh futha, BNnÉ 76.35 . ag fochuidmheadh fana seanchadhaibh, Keat. i 50.2 . Cf. focherdat in macrad gāir foa, LU 8849 . On account of: dobermáit glóir do Dia fá éistecht riut, Ériu ii 146 § 165 = RC xxiv 384.23 . éirghe amach i n-aghaidh a dtighearna fa n-a chíos féin d'iarraidh orra, Maguires of F. § 25 . Here perhaps: t'enech d'ácbáil fo bíad, LU 4353 . Of purpose, aim: trosccadh ... do dhenamh frisin cCoimdedh fa shoirbheachadh doibh that they might prosper BNnÉ 51x . créd do dhénmais fa dhul tar an sruth what we should do to cross the stream 49 . a llāma sínti fon dhiubhracad extended for shooting CCath. 5564 .

(o) along with, including (= imm): tucad ár forro fa mac Maic U. ┐ im A. Hua M. including the son of Mac U. and A. RC xviii 189.12 (Tig.). tucc coecait each fa ech ngorm, ZCP viii 221.5 . do loisgedh céad ech ... fa eachuibh an airdríogha, Ériu i 24.134 . tucadur i raibe do braighdibh ann leó, fa mac [U]i R. all the hostages including the son of Ua R. AU ii 488.5 . tuccadur a mbai do braigdib ... leo fo mac .h. R., Ann. Conn. 1348 § 6 . cuit do galloclaechaib .h. C. do marbad doib fan Constapla .i. fa Mac R., 1342 § 3 . ... dar marbad seser mac rig fo Chorbmac .h. nE., 1365 § 4 .

(p) after vbs. of swearing, asseverating, etc. of that by which oath, etc., is made (cf. 1 tar, dar BV); perhaps an extension of (d) above. tongu-sa fom [bam, tar, dar v.l.] chumachta, Ériu ii 196.18 . nech dothoing ethech fo cetharlebrai soscelai vii 156.20 . luigimsea bam arm, v 72.11 . ind lec ... cech oen dogní luga ṅ-eithig foithi who swears falsely by it Trip. 8.10 ( Trip.² 87 ). in luige thuccad fó ainmm Dia, PH 7636 . luige ... ba chnedaib Crist by the wounds of Christ 7324 . tug ... a minna fon aendia, ZCP vi 34.17 . dobheirim briathar ... fam chloidhemh, Ériu i 26.146 . doberimsi fam bréithir gomadh ..., ZCP x 277.34 . dobiur-sa fám gaisced ... nach FDG 287 . gúidim tú fon Día da creididh ┐ fat faistedh I adjure thee by Fier. 40 .

(q) in distributive sense with numbers (perhaps orig. in return for, cf. section h): dobheredh P. tri bhuille fan aónbhuille dhó would give three blows for every one he got Ériu v 182.334 . da bheim ... fo gach aoínbhéim, Duan. F. i 69.29 . biaidh an ghealach comhartha ar a haghaidh fo gach deich dá mbia san uimhir sin the moon will be advanced one sign for each tenth of that number Corp. Astron. 108z .

III Various idioms.

(a)

(1) ATÁ ... FÚM I intend: ... ní fhuil | fúm acht inneal ar olcaibh I aim at nought but sin A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 13 . más faoisidin bliadhna atá fúd do dénomh, Mac Aingil 151.13 . ris in drochrūn doui fuí, Ériu v 98.8 . do bhríogh nach raibhe faoi an ceathramhadh ... do leigheas because He did not intend TSh. 1524 . Cf. do bhí a bhara faoi fēin díoghaltas do dhéanamh he intended, purposed 6085 (see 2 bara). an t-ógan agá mbí drochfhuadar faoi who is bent on evil 5316 .

(2) ATÁ FO is liable for (?) in tan is innlaeg berar in bo amach is hegen beith fuithe no co mbere laeg isin aige rogellad, O'Curry 653 ; 1100 (< H 3.18, 316 ; 446 ) = masa indlaeg ... is egean beith fuithe, O'Curry 689 (< H 3.18, 334 ). Cf. madh fo rāith dara ... beither, O'Curry 1100 . in inbaidh ... bīthar fo rāith a hinnlaoghais ib.

DO-ICC FO

(1) impugns: tecor fo coruib na druingi seo the contracts of the group are impugned Laws v 184.23 (see do-icc).

(2) is decided upon by: tainic fái a mhainistir ... d'fagbail he decided to leave ( RC xxv 396.31 . tainig fothaib a denam, Fen. 348z .

DO-TÉT FO: ní taīt Dia fo t[h]airngere conid-chumscaiged `God does not come under a promise that He should alter it' Ml. 109a5 . CUIRID ... FO (NECH) incites: an pecadh sin ... do cur faoi to incite him to that sin BCC § 223 . an merughadh sin do cuir an diabul fúd ib. CUIRIM FUM I settle down: iar gcur fúm i gclúidh, Ó Bruad. ii 248 . DO-BEIR ... FO ...: daringni da nathraig ... eittecha ┐ dorat foluamain fóthib for ammus lasoin made two serpents ... winged, and sent them fluttering towards Jason LL 222a23 ( TTr. 363 ). Cf. scarsit fóu ┐ L. `they parted from (?) him and L.' Trip. 130.6 ( Trip.² 1492 ).

(b) the form with 3 s. pron. suff. fó, foí (fáoi) occurs as adv. in some expressions: cid fó cid for ... bem[m]e whether we be beneath or above Snedg. u. Mac R § 7 ( YBL 12a10 ). ó tét grian fáe when the sun sets Maund. 246 . iar ndol don ghréin fáoi `after the setting of the sun' RSClára 15a . tré dhul fé do ghréin a bheatha, Ó Bruad. ii 242 . coirt darach do berbadh ... go ndeach a trian faoi till it is reduced (in bulk) by a third 23 K 42, 332.10 . amail dogentais in mbeirt | co mbad foe Hériu ardneirt Ireland should be subject (to them) Ériu iv 110.2 . mór míad dorad damsa in rí, | dom ríar dorad fiadha faoi he subjugated lands (?) ACL iii 304.22 . Here perhaps : ro thairc ferand fō (: gó), LL 147a35 (`that has won good land' PRIA iii 551 ). cath slebe Fúait ria Fergal dosfanair fói, Arch. Hib. ii 60 § 25 = LL 182bz . Cf. foí.

(c) fá mar as (of manner) : fá mar adeir an file, TSh. 2837 . fá mar dho níd na cearrbhaig ... go meinic, Ó Héodhusa 156 . Later also fé mar. See immar. See now Celtica ix 126 .

IV Fo enters into a number of stereotyped advbl. phrases, each of which will be found under the second constituent : see bíth (-in), commar, dáig(-in), deó(i)d, dered, leth, 1 sech, tharsna.

V Fo- enters into composition

(a) with vbs. as preverb, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 295 , Thurn. Hdb. § 829 , Sjoestedt-Jonval, Études Celt. iii 219 ff . In some Middle-Irish MSS it is wrongly substituted for other preverbs, see Ériu xiv 129 ff .

(b) with nouns and adjs. as prefix generally either with diminutive sense (with adj. = rather, somewhat , (e.g. fogel), q.v. or that of subordination. Sometimes defining position (e.g. fochóel, q.v.). Hence fo .i. bec nó derōil, O'Dav. 981 .

muirer

Cite this: eDIL s.v. muirer or dil.ie/32778

Forms: mairer, mairir, muirear, moirear

n o, m., n s. mairer, LL 111a25 ( RC xiv 424.24 ). g s. mairir, LL 258b43 ( TFerbe 784 ). muirear moirear, IGT Dec. § 11.33 .

(a) a burden, charge, always of the care (of providing for) or maintenance of a number of individuals (family, household, company, troop, etc.), often with obj. gen. mét far ṅdolaid ┐ far murir dam, CRR 11. forra ro léc a m.¤ iar sin .i. a biadh ┐ a édach, H 3.17 c. 331 ( O'D. 431 ). ba leor do Chondachtaib beith fo ar m.¤ the men of Connacht would have enough to do maintaining us, Anecd. i 9.19 . ni ro gab acht oentech do denam imme . . . ┐ bith fo muiriur o ṡamain co belltaine to be maintained, ib. 13 . níor mhuirear leis sluagh na bhFiann (Finn) thought it no burden to maintain the host of the F., Oss. iv 126.11 . rí mór leis naċh muirear | cuireadh slógh `not loth to invite the hosts', PBocht 59 § 45. gur ghabh Mochuda cúram ┐ muirear na lobhar, ITS xvi 132.21 . do dhíbirt na bhfileadh . . . ara méid do mhuirear `because of their being so great a burden', Keat. iii 1222. In concrete sense of maintenance given, tribute, etc.: fichi cornn, fichi claidheamh, | fichi mílchon, is muirear (of a tribute), Leb. Cert. 158.20 (`it is a good number', O'Don., perh. = b).

(b) hence a number of individuals forming collectively a charge to be maintained; a family, household, company, retinue . gan mac, gan m.¤ , BNnÉ 242.19 . mac Nesa miad mairir, TFerbe 784 . mairer na mban `the company of the women', Metr. Dinds. iii 134.21 (= bantrocht, ib. lines 1 , 24 ). Mag nA., co muriur mag a populous plain, 330.1 . robdur imda a sluaigh. . . . robdur mora a muirir, Ériu vii 242.16 . do bhí Cormac ar na ríoghaibh . . . do ba mhó muirear ┐ muinntear `who kept the largest number of attendants and followers', Keat. ii 4740. brugh na muirear [murar MSS.], Hackett xxxix 226. Mac Suibni . . . bud maith tech n-aighedh ┐ bud mór muirer `who kept a good guest-house and a large retinue', AU iii 554.19 = ba mó m.¤ ┐ merghasradh, AFM v 1372.25 . fer muirer móir, AU iii 566.23 . ar mhéid a mhuirir ┐ a mhuinntire (of Saladin), TSh. 2816.

(c) rarely in physical sense, a burden, load: mar thug leis muirear cuingreach don úir, TSh. 444 (= onus duorum burdonum de terra, 2 Kings v 17 ). do mhéid an mhuirir do bhí san bpeacadh dorinne Éabha, táinig a cromadh síos E. was bowed down by the weight of the sin she had committed, TSh. 2978 ; cf. 228 .

Compds. in late poetic style in sense (c): manaois mhór . . . mhuiriorthrom heavy to bear, Todd Lect. iv 78.17 . a ḟinne-bhean . . . na muirearfholt of heavy locks, Keat. Poems 973.

1 muirn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 muirn or dil.ie/32795

Forms: muirn, moirn, muirnn, múirn, muirni

n f. muirn moirn, IGT Dec. § 14. Occas. spelt muirnn (-nd): in LB often múirn.

(a) a loud confused or tumultuous sound , esp. that produced by a multitude, armed host, combat, etc. atchuala H. m.¤ ┐ sésilbi int ṡlóig, LL 243a30 (TTr.). ra chualatar muad-m.¤ in mórslúaig dochum in baile, CRR 53. ba hamnus m.¤ ┐ sai toi na curud . . . ic immditin a ngae ┐ a sciath, RC xii 98 § 131. ro cluinset mu[i]rn in morshluaig, Aen. 1939. bui muirnn occus seselbi isin cath . . . .i. buirfedach na fer, iachtad na miled, etc., Ériu viii 177.17 . ba hadbul m.¤ ┐ sesilbe na Rómanach oc tobach in chísa, LB 149a59 . rom-duiscther-sa as mo chodlud imon mormuirn, Aen. 531. ro bai a mac alla isna trachtaibh re med a muirni (of a combat), 993 . metighter tairm tuinni . . . cosmaile na muirne . . . ┐ seselbe na sochaidhe, TBC-LL¹ 5611 (St.). pl. atcluinti . . . geran na galgat ┐ cuadan na curadh ┐ muirni na miled, CCath. 5945. Of natural sounds: ind Etáil . . . muir a timchell cona m.¤ , Rawl. 78b37 . co clos a muirnd ┐ a ngair (of sea-waves), Aen. 229. tic in gæth . . . cona siansan ┐ cona m.¤ moir, 238 . tipra Chonnlai ba mór m.¤ `loud was its sound', Metr. Dinds. iii 292.9 . m.¤ gach lonnsrotha, BNnÉ 148.14 . ra m.¤ moir contuilim-si (of sound of a river), Anecd. ii 23 § 4. Of music: m.¤ na murduchand mara ` chant ', Metr. Dinds. iii 190.15 .

(b) met. a troop, band (of warriors): marcṡlóg na tuaithe Tesaldai cenmothá mormúirnd na mílead Maicedondai, Alex. 302. co ros-laiset a saithe saiged . . . frisin múirnd moir Maicedondai, 245 ; cf. 24 . m.¤ .i. buidhean, O'Cl. muad-m.¤ .i. mórbuidhean, ib. (cf. CRR 53 cited above). Cf. also follg.: cúic scéith, . . . cúic eich, cóic mná, mór a muirnn (of a tribute), Leb. Cert. 128 z (= in ṁuirn BB). fichi cornn . . . fichi moghaidh, m.¤ n-uabhair `a proud troop', 158.21 . an mhuirn . . . dá dtug annsacht the folk whom he had loved, PBocht 121 § 20.

(c) high spirit, ardour, exuberant energy . ropo mór far m.¤ 'sin chath | i n-agid na Fomorach, TFerbe 615 (`Schaar' Wind., see b). nā bíd laech cen arm, | nā rop maeth a m.¤ , LL 148b47 = KMMisc. 270 § 49. ro choiscfind-sea co luath do muirnn fora ta `I should soon have chastised him out of his present ardour', Aen. 1085. cét bliadhan damh fa m.¤ | am' séghdha hseabaic hsulghuirm (of Fintan mac Bochra), Anecd. i 28 § 27. ba mor ar meisneach 's ar m.¤ , Duan. F. i 9.28 . ? mac Fiachuidh moir na muirne, LL 396.14 . m.¤ ┐ menmanradh na macraidhe, AFM v 1278.2 . a muirnn, a misnec[h] ┐ a mileatacht, MR 314.18 . As quasi-vn.: bheith ag m.¤ dá múraibh `to be exulting ', ML 78.18 .

(d) often of festive mirth, gaiety, jollity, sometimes passing into objective sense of conviviality, good cheer, etc. gáir muirne is gáir meda, Metr. Dinds. iv 368.16 . buí Eamhain lán do mhuirn is do mheadhair, Content. xxviii 49. triath budh mhór m.¤ is meadhair, A. Ó Dálaigh lii 44. i dtigh Thaidhg ní thraothfa ar m.¤ , Gofraidh Fionn i 25 ( Ir. Monthly 1919 ). docer do dán, a meic righ Raighne . . . caide na cuirnn no caidhi in mh.¤ | do bi cot' athair?, ZCP xii 291.2 = Keat. iii 3423. ní threceb mo thratha . . . for aba ḟledōil no múirne dímaínige in domnáin, LB 273b69 . falchaid met bar muirni amuig | cen chuimni fon ēc acuib the exuberance of your spirits shuts out the remembrance of death, ACL iii 239 § 24. ní fuil uasal nó íseal | nach léir ina theach m.¤ mhór | ima seach cuirm is cómhól, MS. Mat. 564 y (poem by Cucoigriche Ó Cléirigh † 1664). ní do mhúch m.¤ na n-oireacht (of death of a chieftain), Miscell. Celt. Soc. 340.24 . truagh nach ránag eárr na haoise | sul dochonnarc do mhuirinn [leg. mhuirnn?] fá mhaoithe (to Dún Iasc after the death of its lord), Keat. Poems 1486. tú it'aonar . . . | anocht gan mhoirn gan mheadhair (to Dún na nGall), Measgra D. 56.55 . Possibly also in follg.: roddet mil, roddet crut[h]nec[h]t, | roddet muirn ic dainib de, | roddet cuirn, roddet cruithne `there was yielded affection in people too' (? the hearts of men were gladdened thereby), Ériu viii 67.11 (poem attributed to Flann Fína † c. 704).

(e) favour, affection, esteem (late use): mairg mhellus m.¤ in tsaoghail `whom love of the world deceives', O'Gr. Cat. 357.19 (poem by Gofraidh Fionn Ó Dálaigh † 1387; line 22 follg.: flaithemnas mór ar muirn mbic suggests rather the sense d; see quotation from same author given under that head). ní bhi oirn . . . d'onoir acht moirn uaibh d' fhaghail to gain your favour, Irish Texts ii 84 § 20. mairg darab soirbh an saoghal, a mhoirnd is mairg do ghébhadh, Carswell 246. d'énní dá tucas mo thoil . . . nír dlígh mé méid mo muirni I should not have given so much love, O'Gr. Cat. 347.8. dlighter dō díograis muirne `warmth of lovingkindness', 475.15 . drong ó bhfuighinn . . . sgoth mhuirne ar ḟeadh m'aimsire `the choicest favor', TD 15.12 . an óige . . . biaidh sise fá mh.¤ ag cách (youth) will be in favour with all, Measgra D. 72.10 = O'Gr. Cat. 523.21. go raibhi duine uasal . . . fá mhúirnn mhóir agan rígh, Mac Aingil 104.9 . méad na muirne do bhí ag Dia air the greatness of God's love for him, TSh. 340. With obj. gen.: ná traothadh Dia a mhoirn mháthar `His mother-like love' (? His love for His mother), PBocht 11 § 24. do mhuirn dá mhac for love of his son, 47 § 7 . As quasi-vn.: ic m.¤ ima mac fondling her son, RC v 199.4 . In concrete sense object of favour or love, darling: Aodh mac C. . . . muirn ┐ ordan Dal cCais, AFM ii 864 z . trí buadha Breagh ┐ trí muirne Midhe (of persons), ML 80.8 . Cf. muirnín.

1 seinnid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 seinnid or dil.ie/36944
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: 1 seinnid, 1 seinnid, sinnes, no-d-seinn, sinnair, sennar, sennait, senned, senditís, seinter, sennat, sibsa-se, sifais, siofais, sephain, sefain, sephainn, ṡephaind, sefna, sephnait, sephnainn, sepainfidhtir, seaphnais, sinninn, seinntea, sendfid, seinnfedh, ṡeind, sinn, coratṡeindset, sinnitt, seinntea, seinm, sefnad, sephnad, sibra-se, sibsa-se, senditís, senned

v Thurneysen ( GOI § 548 ) regards 1 seinnid and 2 seinnid as two separate vbs. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. (§ 819 Anm.) is inclined to regard them as one verb (orig. sense sonare). Plummer, MS. notes, also takes this view, suggesting `strikes' as the original meaning. If this is so 1 seinnid would originally have been applied to stringed or percussion instruments but has spread to wind instruments also. The inflection so far as it occurs is the same. Indic. pres. s. 3 rel. sinnes, Ériu xiii 40.5 . no-d-seinn, Wb. 12c46 . pass. sinnair, Hib. Min. 1.20 . frissa sennar , Wb. 12c46 . pl. 3 sennait, TBFr. 106 . impf. s. 3 no senned , Ml. 2b9 . pl. 3 nó senditís , Thes. i 4.33 (South. 48a ). Ipv. s. pass. seinter, SR 1367 , pl. 3 sennat, TBFr. 99 (LL 33176) . fut. s. 1 sibsa-se (sic leg., GOI § 666 ), Thes. ii 48.5 (gl. modulabor). s. 3 sifais, Blathm. 954 . siofais, Ériu xiii 40.5 . pret. s. 3 sephain, SR 2159 . sefain, Metr. Dinds. iii 224.1 . sephainn, TBFr. 111 . ro ṡephaind , LL 168b5 . rel. sefna, Ériu xiii 40.5 (see Éigse xxxvii 81 ). Cf. O'Dav. 1447 .

Later with extension of preterite stem: indic. pres. pl. 3 rel. sephnait, Ériu iv 96 § 15 (sennit, v.l.). subj. past s. 1 cor ro sephnainn , BNnÉ 92 § 201 . fut. s. pass.. in sepainfidhtir , RC vi 183.14 . pret. s. 3 seaphnais, Leb. Gab.(i) 284.4 .

With extension of present stem: subj. past s. 1 dá sinninn , Measgra D. 7.12 . s. 2 da seinntea , Stair Erc. 672 . fut. s. 3 sendfid, PH 7283 . sec. fut. s. 3 co seinnfedh , Stair Erc. 673 . pret. s. 3 ro ṡeind , Metr. Dinds. iv 60.42 . do sinn , Fianaig. 58.14 . pl. 3 coratṡeindset, Anecd. ii 7.14 . pass. ro sinnitt , CCath. 5614 . ro seinntea , Alex. 494 . IGT Verbs § 76 .

Vn. seinm, sefnad, sephnad.

plays (a musical instrument), sounds: sibra-se (leg. sibsa-se) .i. scribam gl. modulabor, Thes. ii 48.5 . nó senditís gl. psallebant, i 4.33 . cosmulius tuib arataat ilsenman . . . mani dechrigedar [i]n fer no-d-seinn .i. mad óinríar dogné ní tucthar cid frissa sennar, Wb. 12c46 . no senned gl. (citharam) percutiebat, Ml. 2b9 . seinter lat co coir cornn ṅgle, SR 1367 . aruspettet (.i. sennit) a n-áes ciuil, LU 4736 . din chéol sephainn Úaithne cruitt in Dagdai, TBFr. 111 . dosrat for a muin mét chless | ┐ roṡeind ṡúan-traiges, Metr. Dinds. iv 60.42 . psalterium anní sendair and, . . . psalmodium anim in chiuil sennair and, psallo bríathar ind ḟir nodseind, Hib. Min. 2.37 - 40 . ro sinnitt a n-organa aigh . . . leo, CCath. 5614 . ro seinntea stuicc ┐ orgháin ṡída leo, Alex. 494 . sendfid Michael a stocc, PH 7283 . seindidh iaram trí hadhbainn dó, BNnÉ 92 § 202 . sinntear cuislenna catha, L. Cl. A. B. 100.189 . cia an traghna so san ghort | shinneas dúinn port ar slíabh?, Measgra D. 7.2 . tānic ruisman a' Ghen. ┐ cheithre trupa na thimchioll 'sdo shinn, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 21.8 . Of bird-song: coratṡeindset ceol n-ingantach for muraib na Temrach, Anecd. ii 7.14 .

Transf. of speech: sinneas iar an breitheamh búidhsin | briathar binn `delivered a pleasing sentence', Ó Bruad. ii 278.9 .