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Aidrecdae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Aidrecdae or dil.ie/50008
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj io, iā (Lat. Adriacus) Adriatic : corrici in muir nAidrecda, LL 31341 (TTr.) . ótá toraib in mara Adrecdai anes, LL 31932 (TTr.) . Cf. Adriadecda.

aillóir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aillóir or dil.ie/1056

 

n in dinochtad corrici leth . . . ┐ acanar occo itir soscél ┐ a.¤ corrici oblata `Alleluia', Thes. ii 253.1 (Stowe Miss.) = itir ṡoscel ┐ alleoir, LB 251a42 . Taken by MacCarthy, Trans. RIA xxvii (1889) 248 n. 9 as compd. of aille and 2 ór `benediction-prayer' (so also Plummer MS. notes).

anfoirbthe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anfoirbthe or dil.ie/3577
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: anḟoirbthe

adj (1 foirbthe). Later anḟoirbthe

(a) incomplete, imperfect (of persons or abstract qualities): imchesti anfoirbthi `imperfect mutual questions', Wb. 29c11 . mád anforbthe ind anim, LU 2126 ( FA 19 ). ar tola collaide ┐ ar n-accobar anforbthi, LB 132a17 . díchurid uad in uabar n-anforpthi, PH 3494 . is anfhorbthe sin a cleirig (of a cleric tempted by desire), Fél. 40.25 . dōene anforbthi, ACL iii 316 § 44 . As subst.: ni tuccai nach a.¤ / buith fo riaguil mo chomae `no imperfect one understands', Ériu i 202.8 . cid mor d'ulc do-gné . . . / . . . is d'anfhorbthi, Celtica ii 29.13 . In religious sense: int óis a.¤ , Wb. 13c13 . do óis anfoirbthiu, 12d26 . na bi heirisi .i. na bi hanḟoirbthi, O'Curry 2287 ( Eg. 88, 21(22)c ). In more literal sense: ionadh fhir anfhoirfe rude, uncivilized(?), BS § 58 . Of young people, immature : minores .i. inn aes moith ┐ anfoirbthe, Ml. 45b17 . lenamh ócc anfoirbti, BNnÉ 239 § 171 . an giolla beg anfoirbthi (of Cú Chulainn), TBC St. 742 .

(b) Of numbers: foirbthe ar anfoirbthiu `a perfect number for an imperfect' (gl. decem milia), Wb. 9a10 , 12d25 . corrici míli .i. foirbthe ar anfoirbthiu gl. et alia mille, Sg. 207b10 . āirim anforbthe amal atā .iii. . . . āirim forbthe ut est a sē . . . airim ollforbthe ut est a dō dēc, Auraic. 1443 . is si sin in dethber airme anforbhthe amal rogabh a tri no a cuig ar nach fuillter o chouitibh, 4493 . āirem anfhurmithi na n-apstal īar n-imorbus i.e. eleven, MacCongl. 51.14 .

Gramm.: sechmadachtae n-a.¤ past imperfect (tense), Ml. 62a16 .

1 áth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 áth or dil.ie/4601

 

n u, m. IGT Decl. § 95 . ford (commonly as scene of battle or single combat): á.¤ gl. vadum, Sg. 53b6 . ath .i. inadh, ut est, eislind gach á.¤ , O'Curry 978 (H 3.18, 422a). for u[r] ind átho, Trip.² 1573 . co farnactar C.C. for á.¤ ara cind, MU² 1040 . bó do lécud forsind á.¤ aníar, LU 4472 . imgaibtir athai ┐ ergala rém ḟúath ┐ rem erud, 10275 . forsna hathu ┐ forsna linniu, 6097 . udi tri lá . . . for áthaib, 8137 . dorat comlund ar ath dó, CRR 52 . i nn-athaib ┐ i nn-indberaib na haband, TTebe 3512 . bord gach átha, IGT Decl. ex. 993 . fala re cách d'ú Chréidhe / á.¤ abha ní haighbhéile, Magauran 2311 . go Iordan gonuige na háthanna, Joshua ii 7 . Fig.: ? for ath n-uamain .i. for in n-ái n-áith is uamon la cách .i. ind écsi, RC xxvi 28 § 117 . co nach tāras á.¤ nā anacul ar na hairdrīgaib so that there was no refuge or safeguard from the kings(?), ML² 1223 . a fhearg ní há.¤ iondula, DDána 100.30 . á.¤ an bháis madh domhain dóibh, 30.31 . do mhíorbhail mná an ríleinibh / ath díoghla gur dhúineabhair, Aithd. D. 60.37 . ? ar cách do chuir ó Craoidhe / nach bhfuil á.¤ na hégaoine, O'R. Poems 3885 `i.e. that he is no more is an occasion (opportunity) for the lamentation(?)', p. 244 .

In transfd. sense of open space or hollow between two objects: reltanda na firmaiminti ┐ atha in aeoir passages(?), TTebe 1218 . rosiacht á.¤ a da himdad in folt, LU 4230 . co n-érrmadair á.¤ a da chulad co ndeochaid for a béolo, 6025 (cf. Celtica iii 168 ). folt . . . corrici āth a dá gūaland, TBC-I¹ 3146 . á.¤ an ochta, DDána 31.27 .

In phrase do-gheibh (fo-gaib) á.¤ ar finds a way to overcome; finds a means of achieving: co fagdaeis ath ┐ uaicnes ar imthecht a conair eili uatha sin (of a host hemmed in by foes on its line of march), Celt. Rev. iv 204.z . fuair tráth éigin tar a holc / á.¤ ar a héigin d'fhurtocht (of Mary Magdalen), Dán Dé xxi 4 . fagh dhúinne á.¤ ar a n-aimhleas find us a way to overcome their malice (to the Blessed Virgin), PBocht 1.38 . fuair ar mbiodhbha d'á.¤ oirn-ne, DDána 11.28 . Note also: dobhuailte gach áth oraibh, Dánta Gr. 16.104 . dá mealltáoi ar áoi n-annsa, / na háith oram-sa `if through softness of heart the fords were forced against me', Ériu ix 4.26 ( Dánta Gr. 41.25 ).

Freq. in nn. loc., see AU Index, Hog. Onom. etc.

1 bracht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bracht or dil.ie/6462

 

n (see RC xxxviii 306 ) expld. as juice, grease, fat; pith; substance: b.¤ din enim nomen béoil vocatur, Corm. 3 , Corm. Y 42 , O'Dav. 203. b.¤ .i. bel, b.¤ .i. sustaint, O'Curry 971 ( H 3.18, 416 ). b.¤ .i. sugh no sésur, O'Cl. b.¤ cu feic .i. saill furri corrici a fiacail (of a pig?) (B. na f.), LL 29400 ( IT i 162.6 ). rota cen b. mbal-glain, / 's é lacht rodasurmaid ` fatness ', Metr. Dinds. iii 220.3 . conberbar b.¤ . . . / feisi cen lacht, mennan . . ., O'Dav. 1026 (= Laws i 140.36 Comm. ). Fig. b.¤ fogluma oill-[ḟ]easa ` pith ', Laws v 96.18 Comm. See anfobracht.

2 cía

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 cía or dil.ie/8966
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: ce, ci, cení, ceni, cini, céa, gia, ga, cethuc, ciaso, ciarba, ciaso, cia, cesu, ceso, cinidlúith, cinid, cinith, cenid, cenid, cenutad, cenotad, cenuded, cetothóisegu, cetu, ceto, ciato, ciabaderóil, ciabaloingthech, ciafa, cid, cith, ced, ceith, ceth, cinip, cenip, cenib, cit, cinbat, cenibed, citis, cetis, ciabsa, cepu, ciabu, cíabo, ciaptar, cebtar, céptar, cíaptar, ciarpsa, cíarbu, cíarbo, cinirbo, gidh, cíasa, cidat, cesu, cīas, cíammin, gidat, ge, gé, gé, ceinip, cenip, cér, cepsi, cíamtis, cía, cíambad, ciambad, cemadh, gembo, gémadh, ciamdis, cíamtis, cenptís, ciarb, cer, gér, gér, gé, cersat, cid

conj. (a use of 1 cía, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 206 , Bergin, Ériu xii 206 . Not a use of 1 cía, Greene, Ériu xxi 92 - 3 ) In O. Ir. also ce ( GOI 34 ). Before initial vowels also ci. Neg. cení, ceni, cini ( GOI 561 ). céa, Trip.² 444 . gia, SR 2885 . ga, LL 8354 (TBC). In later lang. gé ( GOI 111 ). giodh re hucht n-innsgne ┐ molta ┐ bfocuil, ┐ gé re hucht n-oibrighthe, acht gurab cóir giodh gonta no a leithéid eile, IGT Introd. 8.1 (for giodh see infra). On gé do in past tense in class. lang. see Duan. Finn Gloss. gér chreid, Dán Dé xx 38 . gé go ttainic, Duan. F. ii 368 § 26 . In later lang. often reinforced by acht: acht gé tá, DDána 20.17 . acht ge bhadar, Stair Erc. 1471 . As a rule unstressed, cf. TD 15.28 note. But the form giodh is in list of words which may rhyme, Bard. Synt. Tr. 30.27 , the sense in available exx. being even (see infra): giodh: miodh, 39 = DDána 84.18 . As a rule leniting, GOI 561 . But not in copula forms ce-pu, cia-ptar. Isolated exx. with gemination (no ref.), GOI 145 . Not a conj. particle, and takes absol. and deut. form of vb. in O. Ir. (though it takes conj. form of pret. of copula, GOI 491 ). Cf. also: cethuc, Thes. ii 225.19 (PCr.). cé betis secht tengtha / im gin, Fél. Ep. 125 . See Mulchrone, Celtica v 143 . Occasionally folld. by rel. clause: ciararubartat biuth, Ml. 91b1 ( GOI 320 ). Cf. acht gé bhíos 'na bheathaidh, TSh. 1222 .

Somet. replaced as simple conj. by cid etc. (presum. cía + subj. pres. 3 s. of copula, see infra): ced donecmai, Mon. Tall. 146.19 . cid dognether ess usci, 143.18 . cid arfaomtar ní, 148.17 . cid fogluasa though . . . may, 152.1 . cid chodala a lórtid, 161.27 . cid ro chloí, LL 521 . gidh atá, ML 56.11 . gidh atáid, RSClára 54a . acht gidh do bhí, Eochairsg. 31.3 . acht cid bíd, Maund. 215 .

Forms with copula. Indic. pres. 2 s. ciaso, LL 344a32 = ciarba, Tec. Corm. 12.7 . 3 s. (leniting) ciasu, Wb. 11c17 . 12a5 . 19a20 . Ml. 26c4 . 26d12 . 67a4 . 67d24 . ciaso, Wb. 28c14 . Sg. 211b7 . cia so, 204a8 . cesu, Wb. 21d13 . Sg. 38a1 . 41b10 . 59a6 . 78b2 . 90a5 . 91a3 . 137b2 . 158a2 . 217b12 . ceso, 21a1 . 206a3 . With neg. cinidlúith lib, Wb. 12b9 . cinid airi, Sg. 35b13 . cinith mút, 5b4 . cenid, Ml. 42b7 . 44c26 . cenid, Sg. 181b4 . 202a5 . 2 pl. cenutad, Wb. 4a10 . cenotad, 33b8 . cenuded, Thes. i 713.25 . (archaic, GOI 485 ). 3 pl. cetothóisegu, Wb. 18d14 . cetu chummascthai, Sg. 62a2 . ceto écintecha, 203b10 . ciato chomṡruithi, Críth G. 493 . Subj. pres. 1 s. ciabaderóil, Wb. 18a7 . 2 s. ciabaloingthech, Wb. 6c9 . ciafa firián, Ml. 36a32 . 3 s. cid, cith, ced, ceith, ceth passim (see below). cinip, Wb. 11d15 . cinip . . . cenip , Ml. 59a23 . cenib, 24d22 . 3 pl. cit, Wb. 4d4 , 5 , 9a12 . 12a13 . Sg. 207b11 . cinbat, Wb. 4d6 . Subj. impf. 3 s. ce bad hé frisandénte, Wb. 9c24 . cenibed áainmsom bes foir, Ml. 23d17 . 3 pl. citis, cetis cited GOI 490 . Pret. 1 s. ciabsa .i. ge do bhí mé, O'Cl. 3 s. cepu, Wb. 2c25 . 4c35 . ciabu, Ml. 24c12 . cíabo cited GOI 491 . 3 pl. ciaptar, Ml. 98c5 . cebtar, Wb. 4a8 . céptar, Fél. Prol. 74 . cíaptar, Ep. 14 . Perf. 1 s. ciarpsa, Wb. 30a6 . 3 s. cíarbu, 13b8 . cíarbo, ibid. cinirbo, 24c22 .

Forms from later sources. Indic. pres. 1 s. gidh um, RSClára 55b . 2 s. cíasa, Trip.² 1282 . cidat, TFerbe 638 . 3 s. cesu, LU 3799 ( SCC 37 ). MacCarthy 400.6 . cīas, Sc.M² 22d . 1 pl. cíammin, BDD² 329 . 3 pl. gidat, Anecd. ii 24 § 14 . Subj. pres. 3 s. ge, ZCP viii 116.28 . gé mídhiongmhála mé, RSClára 39a . gé leor, TD 20. 13 v.l. (more correctly giodh as in text, IGT Introd. cited above). ceinip, IT iii 239.122 . cenip, MU² 905 . cér' maith dogné, MacCarthy 66.4 . ? cepsi derb `of a sooth', Arch. Hib. iv 206 § 16 . Impf. 3 s. (cíambad, cíamtis perh. from cía no bad, betis, IT i Wtb. s.v. 3 cia ; modelled on díambad, Bergin, Ériu xii 206 n.2 ): cíambad, MU² 140 . ciambad, Airne F. 89 . cemadh, CCath. 5415 . gid mad, TTebe 1011 . ? gembo, IT iii 94.12 . In later lang. freq. gémadh. 3 pl. ciamdis, Anecd. i 21.5 . cíamtis, LU 2285 ( FA 34 ). cenptís, Fing. R. 230 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. ciarb, LL 22662 (CRR). cer gním, 28196 ( Metr. Dinds. ii 74.30 ). gér mhaith, TD 14.29 . gér ba, SG 168.z . gé gurb, Dánfhocail 64 . cérbat, LB 138a23 ( Todd Lect. vi 64 ). cersat, 4a5 ( PH 250 ).

I With follg. subjunctive.

(a) if, even if, in the case that, in the event that (often almost identical in meaning with má, Bergin, Ériu xii 206 ): ceimroimsimmis `if we should sin', Wb. 9c10 . batorad saithir dúnn . . . cedumelmis cechtuari et cedugnemmis andugniat ar céli, 10c21 . cia sulbiriger gl. si orem lingua, 12d10 . ceni-thaisid ar ois `unless ye go thus willingly', Ml. 33b15 . cenis-nícae `if Thou save them not', 88b7 . ci insamlar gl. si eos imitor, Sg. 1b1 . ceni et huaitsiu if I don't get (it) from you, Vita Br. 25 . trí toichnedai . . . cia be[i]th rí etc. (one is) the case in which a king is . . . , Críth G. 548 . cenis beith biad acht rusbeth deog, Vita Br. 23 . ceni therna if he should happen not to return, Irish Texts i 21 § 17 . cia dogne ín bean cinnta should the woman commit crimes, Laws iv 60.26 Comm. ni imdich cia beth cuit do indib `it shall not shelter him that he has a share in them', iv 202.2 . cia fo-certa míach . . . for a mullach if, BDD² 347 . sund cia no chráidem in Ríg / batin aithrig is tir thall, Ériu i 68.14 . ciathias ann, LB 126b33 . ro badh iongnadh . . . / gémadh . . , DDána 42.34 . cía . . . cía, ceni, cen co whether . . . or (not): cenonmolid cenon airid `whether ye praise us, whether ye blame us', Wb. 16a1 . ciatroillet ciniarillet `whether they deserve it, or deserve it not', 31c23 . gerbh āil gin corb áil leō whether they liked it or not, ACL iii 5.33 . cia fogabad cenco fagbad, LL 7328 .

(b) As explic. and final conj. that (but see Ériu xlii 53 ) (frequ. in clauses depending on words meaning good, fitting, permissible , etc. See ZCP xxix 181 . Somet. with perfective subj., GOI 343 , 562 ): is cett lem don aegaire / cía nobeth sund co sona that he should be here happily, BColm. 98.7 . bacoir cena-chomalnithe, Wb. 13a33 . cubaid . . . cé mad i lub-gort, PH 3020 . is dedbir duib ciforrgot `that they destroy', Thes. i 714.14 . badethbir do cinifesed . . . , 3.39 . is dual ┐ is duthaig duib ciadogneiti calma, BB 429b41 . isfo lium ciarafesid `that ye should know it', Wb. 14b20 . immaircide . . . cerubet ipéin ladiabul, 26a23 . cia dulogae doib a nuili torgabala on gl. licet indulgenter omnia contuleris semel electis, Ml. 138b7 . is licet cia nospromae, Ériu i 202.7 . ba loür . . . / . . . comrac frium / ceni lomardais tre barr / mo dá n-ó dim chiunn, Blathm. 94 § 17 . ni maith less cia gabthar do, Wb. 29b5 . nec mirum .i. ciasingbat árim déṡillabche compariti ┐ superlati, Sg. 44b3 . ní mebul lemm ciafadam `I am not ashamed that I suffer it', Wb. 29d27 . ní mór duib cia chomallaide aní . . . `that ye fulfil', Ml. 95c3 . ciat ngneitis niba romh `they should have recognized him immediately', Blathm. 391 . Note also: nísnain ciasberat níntánicc recht the fact of their saying . . . will not protect them, Wb. 1d1 . amal nandéni mascul dindí as auxilium cebeith genitor áarrad the fact of its being accompanied by g. does not make a. a masculine, Sg. 125a6 (alternatively: a. does not become masculine even though accompanied by g.).

(c) although, in spite of the fact that, even though ( GOI 561 ): bésu dagduine ciniestar cachtúari, Wb. 6b23 . ciachondesin farsúli `though I had asked for your eyes', 19d24 . cini eperthe frinn `even though it should not be said to us', 19a5 . cenitormastar homéit istrom cenae ho aicniud even without its being increased, Ml. 20a20 . ciarubé cenní diib nirubai cenaib huli, 20d4 . cechonístis nombetis archuit analoige `though they might be as regards analogy', Sg. 138a9 . canair son ce beith tuaslucud `it is sung, though there be a relaxation', Mon. Tall. 139.4 . cīa dofaetsad nem for talmain, BColm. 104.17 . ? céini rogalta in fēin `though thou hadst not promised', Fianaig. 12.18 . darbord cia bé `haughty though he was', MacCarthy 186.7 . ge deach rī Conaill a ccēin, ZCP viii 116.21 . gé bheith duine go díomhaoin, Dán Dé xxii 5 .

Very freq. with subj. pres. 3 s. of copula cid though (it be), granting that it is: ced nessa cenél neich alailiu, Ml. 115d7 . cid doib doarrchet, Wb. 5a16 (where cid is perh. used as indic., GOI 484 ). cidmebul lib, 3b30 . cith .m. namma scríbthar and, Sg. 28a15 . ceith dichrai a ndaithrigi `however fervent their penitence', Mon. Tall. 134.12 . cid dīthrub Temair, Thes. ii 317.7 (Hy. ii). cit (pl.) réidi reba, Trip.² 1278 . cenid mé in murgelt már, LU 3022 . gidh aoibhneas an domhan mín, Dán Dé xxiii 35 . ciodh glan mo chrábhadh, Keat. iii 1703 . Perh. also: cid etir in fact, indeed, LL 31730 (TTr.). cidh on in any case, O'D. 39 ( H 3.17, 35 ). Note also: gidhedh nogabdais / ō Bh. co B. though they should go from B. to B., ZCP viii 110 § 7 . ní thiobhra an corp cead a mhúinte / a mhacnas orm gidh eadh raibh though that is what I desire, Dán Dé xix 6 . ? cipithair mo mac inn nī romarbthar though my son come, ZCP xiii 178.19 (cf. cid bé s.v. 1 cía ?). With impf. gémadh naomh even though he be a saint, Dán Dé vii 29 . gemadh fili, Stair Erc. 1231 (even ? see infra).

cid . . . cid whether (it be) . . . or: cidcían cidgair, Wb. 3c5 . cid in imniud cid hisocumail beusa, Ml. 53b8 . cid bec cid mar, Sg. 2a7 . ceith mín cid anmín `slightly or strongly', Mon. Tall. 148.24 . cidh islip cidh uaislibh `whether they be plebeians or nobles', Laws iv 26.20 Comm. ainmne is umaldóit certae / cid maith, cid saich, cid bochtae `which set right good and evil and poverty', Ériu iii 104 § 38 . gidh sunn, cidh tall no mairmis, BNnÉ 313 § 5 . With gé: ge garid gé étgene / dit álaib fo chen, LU 10429 ( ZCP iii 258.9 ). With ellipse of second cid: cid cian gairit, IT i 118.13 (TE Eg.). gidh mór beag do bhéaradh sibh be your gift great or small, Dán Dé vi 21 .

Hence in adv. phr. (┐) cid ed however, nevertheless : ┐ cided ón nislán térnatar, LL 256b26 ( TFerbe 429 ). gided tarcid C., LL 11391 (TBC). cid edh, CCath. 3004 . is gidh eadh, DDána 91.12 . gidheadh ag nach bí éinní `yet hath nothing', Proverbs xiii 7 . ┐ gideth, ZCP vi 34.10 . cid ed, CRR 26.3 . ged ed, TTebe 2092 . In narrative: cērbh eadh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 518 .

With subj. pres. 3 s. of copula in sense even (somet. as mere emphasising word). Twice with pl. ending in Wb.: bieit cit geinti hiressich, 4c40 . muscreitfet cithésidi, 5c2 . Apart from these exx. cid is used irrespective of number of follg. noun or pronoun (see GOI 562 ): corrici cíth besti béoa, Thes. i 4.31 . ba apstal cidmoysi `Moses too was an apostle', Wb. 32d14 . ní comalnatsom cid feissne recht `even they themselves fulfil not the Law', 20c22 . amal dundgniat indfilid linni cid insin `even as the poets with us do', Ml. 26b10 . cid na hualcha gl. superba (loquentes), 31c22 . cidnanguide gl. etiam supplicationum (similitudine), 32c18 . cid ostú a Dé `even Thou, O God', 43a18 . cid inna hí ata beca, 62b10 . iscuse cidedon gl. et id actenus, Enchir. Aug. 72b ( ZCP vii 480 ). ceth anísiu `even this', Ériu ii 224.3 . ro thóraind gid tige in dúine sin, FDG² 30 .

Hence in isolated glosses on Lat. particles: cith gl. et, Wb. 22a5 (a prima manu). cid gl. et, Ml. 14a1 . gl. etiam, 24c2b ; Sg. 9a4 . gl. etsi, Ml. 23c4 . gl. iam, 15b2 . 48b14 . gl. quamlibet, 46c16 . gl. quamuís, 55c12 . gl. (iusti)que, 38d3 . gl. quidem, 14a15 . gl. quippe, 127a8a . gl. quoque, 101a13 . Sg. 16a2a , see Études Celt. xi 112 . gl. saltim, Ml. 86c7 . gl. uel, 99a1 .

With follg. prep. and noun: cid cossin nóin, Wb. 2a21 . ceith cenmathá integdais nucut `even besides yonder house', 33a4 . cid etir na cumcai, Ml. 18d24 . cid a techtugad tire, Laws iv 24.20 Comm. nī tibur-so in tinnscra sinee (leg. sin ?) cid ar Meidb Crūachan feissin, ZCP iv 39.9 = ní thibrind i tindscra cid Meidbi insin, TBFr. 185 . cid aire sin namá if only for that reason, Ériu ii 194 § 7 . cid īarna ētsecht `even after his death', BColm. 98.25 .

With adv. cid indemin `even assuredly', Wb. 9c18 . cid inbiucc, Sg. 39a25 . ceit co matain till morning, Mon. Tall. 152.6 .

With verb: cid átrebfea gl. et habitaturum, Ml. 36b14 . cid reminota .i. cid remínetarcnaigedar `that it even prenote', 18c12 . cithisse gl. et qui, Wb. 22a7 (a prima manu). Usually with clause introduced by conj.: cidamba cocuibsid, Ml. 32b21 . asber cid arind molatar inna nime fesin `he even tells the heavens themselves to praise Him', 145d4 . cidrisíu robǽ cland les, Wb. 29d23 . cid co tisad gáeth etorro ┐ talam even to the extent that, LU 8389 ( FB 26 ). is bec cid dia fesstar a chenél `his kin will be almost unknown', RC xxiv 176.5 . cid intan ná torsed F. chucu `even if Ph. should not return', Ériu iv 142.7 . níor fhás giodh acht cáora con not even (?), Bard. Synt. Tr. 30.38 .

With follg. itir: génnti na rochretset cid itir at all, RC xii 426 § 13 . is fodāig na mnā cid etir roferfaider si (sic) fāilti frit `that you get a welcome at all', ZCP v 501.30 . fri re naenuaire cidh itir `even', Ériu 22.31 . acht másu ḟerr cid etir do ḟlaithseo, LL 278b49 .

In more generalized meaning of as to, as regards, as for : ceth Máolruoin nipo calad `as for M. he was not stiff', Mon. Tall. 135.24 . cid aidchi lúoin ma dorona `as to Sunday night, he is to do so if he can', 132.28 . ceith dand erán ┐ den seildind imbe `both as to the bread and the "selann" of butter', 151.24 . is cid Nuadu Necht . . . / romarb Eterscél . . . / . . . is cid Fergus mac Róig, LL 6429 ff. cid cath Ailbe as for, LL 4127 ( RC xxiii 312 ). cid C. dana as regards, TFerbe 326 . In later lang. somet. very vaguely applied. Cf. atbath cidh araill dibh dfuacht, AFM iii 250.5 . ciodh iar ttriol `not long afterwards', 312.11 .

In later lang. somet. with supporting pron.: gidh é doighech na ndernann even the pang, IGT Decl. ex. 799 . cidh iad fiora F. tugadh éccendáil forra, AFM ii 1042.x . ┐ gidh esidhe ni tearna uadh, v 1484.x . Meic Mh. fós—gidh iad ann, TD 4.15 (see note).

With subj. impf. of copula: gembad gar even for a short time, Metr. Dinds. iv 52. 133 .

II With indic. (see GOI 561 . As a rule concessive in this use, but cf. Wb. 16b9 cited below).

(a) With inf. pron. (on the form of 3 s. m. n. see GOI 269 ): cinid arillset, Wb. 4c39 . ciasidroilliset `though they have deserved it', Ml. 77a15 . ni indráigne dúib cininfil lib it is no detriment to you that we are not with you, Wb. 16b9 . cenis pendid `though they do no penance', Mon. Tall. 135.13 .

(b) Where the sense does not require an inf. pron. a particle -(i)d- is infixed, if necessary by means of no- (see GOI 269 , 324 -5). cerudglanta tribathis, Wb. 4a6 . ciarud chualatar ilbélre et cenuslabratar, 12d28 . cinidfil chairi linn, Ml. 30a2 . cenidfetarsa andliged nisin, 55d21 . ciaridberam a céill `although we express their sense', Sg. 26b2 . cenod filchotarsnataith etarru, 29b17 . cenodfil, 192b5 . quanquam .i. cinud, 17a3 . cenit fregart mac ind righ, Blathm. 96 § 24 . méti cénid chocerta, LU 8899 ( FB 68 ). Note also (with subj.): cinidaccastar `though he be not seen', Wb. 26a12 (see note).

Somet. without infix in O. Ir.: ciasbiursa deus etc., Wb. 2b18 . cerubaid fopheccad `though ye were', 3b19 . ciadurat som digail forassaru, Ml. 94c17 . ciabatar degtacrae les `though he had good arguments', Tur. 81 . So regularly in later sources: cení frecmairc coibsina `though he does not ask for confessions', Mon. Tall. 135.15 . cé dogénsam ainmne, ACL iii 295 § 22 . gé ro sgoilt cuirr a chroidhe, Dán Dé xx 29 . gé 'tú, TD 25.42 . gé a-tád, DDána 3.32 . ge ro baoi, AFM v 1734.13 .

cocad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cocad or dil.ie/9864

 

Forms: cocda, coctha, coicthe, cogtha, coicthi, coicthib, cocaid, cogthadh, cogthach

n u, m. (com + cath) g s. cocda, Sg. 64b9 . coctha, ZCP xvi 176 § 10 . Pl. coicthe, later cogtha. For early exx. of pl. cf. coicthi, Corp. Gen. 80.28 , co coicthib , SR 5559 . Later also o (g s. cocaid, SR 3042 ), IGT Decl. § 17 (71.25) . g p. cogthadh, Mk xiii 7 , cogthach, Mac Aingil 6293 .

War, conflict; act of waging war (for, fri against): cogad .i. com-cat[h], Corm. Y 346 . c.¤ gl. bellum, Ml. 103d2 . cogad gl. guerra, Ir. Gl. 139 . ro bói ch.¤ etir deichthriub ┐ dethriub corrici sin, Ml. 137c8 . hua chogud gl. bello, 103d5 (see GOI 106 ). i cócád contra Dominum , Thes. i 5.19 . ro batár hi c.¤ faraib, LU 5108 n.a . tria cacad (: apad), Metr. Dinds. ii 32.75 . rūinid coicthiu / cuan . . . fri fīannsa, ACL iii 298 § 67 . na nēil ollchoicthe arracht / for slēib Conmaicne Connacht, ZCP xiv 174.7 . do chocud fri cūiced C., Corp. Gen. 23.4 . ferr les a sidh na a cocudh preferred to be at peace with them, Stair Erc. 1859 . Cogadh Gaedhel re Gallaibh (title), Cog. 2.1 . cogadh oirne war against us, Aithd. D. 66.17 . ó chogthuibh cláir Chéin, IGT Decl. ex. 760 . tír nār chleacht cogtha, O'R. Poems 1309 . ag cogadh, Keat. Poems 1512 . Note also: mo chruth ┐ mo ch.¤ do L. (in a testament) martial spirit(?), Corp. Gen. 131.26 .

Attrib. g s. cart cogaidh, Eg. Gl. 114 . edir da tír cogaidh hostile, O'Curry 300 ( H 3.18, 165 ). ammus coctha, LL 31665 ( TTr. 852 ). m'fhear cogaidh enemy, PBocht 15.13 . loingeas chogaidh, Rel. Celt. ii 176.40 . léighionn caguidh military training, Studies 1919, 439 § 4 . eassaénta choccaidh, AFM vi 1934.20 . general coccaidh na bainrioghan, AFM vi 2000.8 . In sobriquet: Duibtrīan Connacht an c[h]agaidh, ZCP viii 226.9 .

1 cutrummae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cutrummae or dil.ie/14058

 

n (com + trummae) equal weight or amount; equivalent; evenness, good proportion(s): c.¤ neich forodamair som leu `the same measure as he had suffered', Ml. 54b28 . robūi a c[h]utromae allæ anair, Corm. Y 883 (75.w) . aithghin .i. cutruma, Ériu xiii 55 § 23 . cutruma aithgina equivalent of restitution, Laws i 224.18 . ro bui in bith i cutruma `at an equality', 40.14 . cutrumu na maine, ii 214.16 Comm. fo cutruma `equally', 326.11 . cúig séoid bhíd i ccuttruma risin seúd, Ériu xiii 49.18 . trī bainne . . . i cudraime mheidi ┐ ṡoluis equal in size and brightness, ZCP xiii 181.4 . nochon accasa riam a chutrumma the like, Fraech 47 . do-rōine cuttroma crōdhachta fris who has equalled him in valour, ZCP xiv 262.2 . cutrume grainde na sinaibi . . . do creidhem the slightest shred of belief, RC xlvi 227.3 . din chutrumma chinad of any sin, LU 2094 ( FA 16 ). in cutrumma techid út ra bertus-sa fair `that flight I put him to', TBC-LL² 2505 . in cutruma sin do ḟerond `so much land', Ériu iv 124.5 . pennaitt a ccuttruma = proportionable pennance, RSClára 132b .

With follg. rel. clause: in cutraime ro gealladh duit the amount, RC xliii 76.12 . in cutruma ro caithed, Laws ii 30.1 Comm. cuttroma frisar farccbadh and `so much', Hugh Roe² 336.22 .

With numerals: tri chutrumma . . . / eter firmimint is grein three times the distance (?), SR 121 . ind lám dess imorro immarobrad for sudi corrici a dá c.¤ twice as much (as the other), LU 7995 = dí chutramai, BDD² 1531 . deich cutruma in domain, MacCarthy 38.2 . ragellsat a cethri cutrumma fein do .i. a cutrumma do ór ┐ do argut etc., LL 30856 ( TTr. 38 ). ro bádar na Lochlannaigh trí chuttroma ris na Danuroibh outnumbered the D. three times, TFrag. 122.14 .

Of personal appearance: eter méit ┐ chórae ┐ ch.¤ good proportions, LU 7473 ( BDD 102 ). ra derscaig din tṡluag . . . etir . . . chaíme ┐ cutrumma, LL 31104 ( TTr. 287 ).

dead

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dead or dil.ie/14812
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: deud, dead, deoid, diaid, diud, deoaid, diud, dead, diaid, diaid, diaid, dead, dead, deád, deod, deogh, diad, deid, dead, i ndead, dé, déid, deoidh, -deóidh, -deóigh, diad, díad, ndiad, ndiag, diat, diaid, díaid, diáid, diaig, diaigh, diud, díud, diúdh, diuid, diuidh, diúidh, deud, déud, diaid, deugh, deod, deód, deódh, deodh, déod, deog, deut, déu, deo, dé, deid, déidh, -déidh, -déigh, deoid, déoid, deóid, deóid, deoaid, deoig, diud, díud, diú, diae, dead-, deod-, déod-, deog-, ded-, Dead, diad., Dead, dofeid

n o, n. and ā, f. Neuter gender proved by Sg. 162 a 7 : ní cumscichther dead nindib, and Ériu iii 100 § 22 : diad naidche (Rule of Ailbe). In the 9th century still disyllabic, in the latter half of the 10th century monosyllabic. In early Mid.-Ir. poetry occasionally disyllabic to meet the requirements of the metre.—The ā-inflexion dates back to the Wb. glosses (13 d 9 ; cf. Sg. 212 a 13 ). fo hírdiuid (: triuin), SR 3984 .

DISYLLABIC: deud, Fél. Prol. 220 . dead, LL 135 a 24 (poem ascribed to Mael Muire Othna †887). deoid, Reicne Fothaid Chanainne (late 9th century), Fianaig. 16. 18 . diaid, Thes. ii 340. 3 (Broccán's Hymn). dead, SR 2829 . diud, ib. 3087 . Rawl. 46 a . deoaid, Gorm. Feb. 24 (Mid.-Ir.). diaid, FB § 71 (ambiguous).

MONOSYLLABIC: diud, SR 1568 . dead, LU 51 b 41 (poem ascribed to Cinaed Ua Hartacáin †975). diad (v.l. ded), Rule of Ailbe (10th century), Ériu iii 100 § 22 . diaid ZCP iii 22. 31 (poem from A.D. 982, ascribed to MacCosse). diaid, LL 143 a 41 (poem ascribed to Gilla in Chomded, 12th century). diaid, LL 144 a 48 (poem ascribed to Gilla in Choimded Ua Cormaic, 12th century). Cf. further diaid, Acall. 2508. 3369 . ZCP v 24 § 11 , viii 114. 11 . déidh ZCP iv 237. 16 . dead, ib. iii 19. 36 , all poems in Mid.-Ir. language.

RHYMES: deäd: gleäd, SR 2829 . deäd: gleëd, LL 135 a 24 . diüd: triür, Rawl. 46 a . diüd: biüd, SR 3087 ; but monosyllabic diud: biud, SR 1568 . deöig: gleöad (gleoaid, leg.), Anecd. i 47 st 1 (YBL). Monosyll. diaid: gliaid, LL 144 a 48 . ZCP vi 269 . st 11 . diaid: riad SR 595 . : criaid, ZCP vi 266 § 11 = 3 C 13, 558. 7 . deoid: ceol, LL 146 a 26 . deóid: eóil, Cog. 54. 18 ; 3 C 13, 558. 1 . deóigh: aieóir, ib. 591. 6 . deoidh: móir, Ech. Am. Móir 578 . déidh: éill, ib. 112 .

INFLEXION (for mod. forms cf. also II a, d, e below): n s. (a) dead, Sg. 162 a 7 . LL 135 a 24 . ZCP iii 19. 36 . deád LU 51 b 41 . deod, Lec. Gl. 432 . deogh, C I 2, fo. 30 b . (b) diad, Ériu iii 100 § 22 . —g s. deid, BB 330 a 41 . —a s. (a) dead, SR 2829 . LL 245 b 24 . TBC-LL¹ 1225 Y. i ndead, Wb. 11 a 17 . AU A.D. 772 . Sg. 1 a 5 . 11 b 4 . 18 b 2 . 77 a 9 . dé, O'Curry Trs. déid: deig, FDG 376 . déid, ZCP iv 237. 16 and common in mod. poetry. deod: deog, Ériu ii 174. 12 ; co deo[d] = mod. go deo. deoid, Fianaig. 16. 18 . deoidh, Ech. Am. Móir 578 . Mod. -deóidh, -deóigh. (b) diad, Ml. 23 c 16 . 119 a 4 . Laws iv 366. 1 . díad, Mon. Tall. 139 . 20 . i ndiad , Ml. 17 c 6 . 20 b 4 . 22 a 8 . 35 b 23 . 35 d 11 . 40 c 2 . 42 b 5 . 45 b 3 - 4 , 9 . 48 b 9 . 50 c 5 . 53 c 14 . 63 a 7 . 65 a 12 . 65 b 5 . 75 c 8 . 89 a 8 . 103 b 11 . 91 d 7 . 100 c 2 . 111 c 9 . 127 a 12a . Tur. 131 . Mon. Tall. 131. 15 . i ndiag , Laws i 22. 26 . diat (before s): inna d. sen, Anecd. iii 50. 1 v.l.— diaid, Thes. ii 340. 3 . LL 143 a 41 . 144 a 48 . LB 231 a 3 . FB §§ 65 , 70 , 71 . TBC-LL¹ 695 . 893 . 1000 . 1030 . Laws i 152. 1 f.b. ; v 480. 23 . RC xxiv 180. 20 ; xxix 220 . ZCP iii 22. 31 . Acall. 2175 . 2508 . 2567 . 3369 . 3407 . 3866 . 4069 . 4533 . 4610 . 5397 . 6044 . Cog. 154. 10 . MacCarthy 126. 0 . CCath. 69. 3401 . Fianaig. 54. 5 . PH pass. díaid, Ériu i 120 § 13 . BB 415 b 21 . diáid, FB § 70 . SCC § 20 , § 46 . FA § 31 . TBC-LL¹ 923 . LL 242 a 40 . diaig, Laws i 22. 13 sq. ZCP i 372. 24 ; v 24 § 11 ; viii 114. 11 . RC v 200 § 14 . diaigh, RC xviii 292. 15 . TBC-LL¹ 686 v.l. &c. diud: díud, Trip. 124. 18 . diúdh, AFM v 2036. 12 . diuid: diuidh, ib. 1926. 5 f.b. diúidh, i 290. 5 f.b.d s. (a) deud, Wb. 3 b 28 . 13 b 3 . Thes. ii 44. 10 . Sg. 9 b 21 . 93 b 8 . Mon. Tall. 138. 14 . LL 249 b 27 . déud, Fél. Prol. 220 (v.l. diaid). deugh, RC xiv 453. 2 f.b. deod: deód, FB § 83 , § 90 , 91 . IT i 257. 2 . LU 112 b 4 . LL 126 a 1 . deódh, AFM v 1748. 9 . deodh, ib. vi 1428. 2 . déod, Corm. 34. 6 f.b. deog, RC xii 64. 22 ; xiii 28. 19 . deut, Thes. ii 44. 10 . déu, Mon. Tall. 129. 5 . deo, LL 220 b 31 . Laws v 196. 13 . TTr. 26 . dé, TBC-LL¹ 1488 Y. deid, Wb. 13 d 9 . Sg. 212 a 13 . déidh, Ech. Am. Móir 112 . -déidh, -déigh, mod. poetry. deoid: CCC § 5 Eg. Mon. Tall. 140. 29 . Laws i 26. 10 ; ii 134. 15 ; iii 130. 22 . LL 146 a 26 . IT i 100. 19 . ZCP iii 36. 1 . RC xxiv 174. 10 ; 200. 18 . MacCarthy 68 . 12 . PH pass. déoid, TBC-LL¹ 1897 . deóid (sic), Cog. 54. 18 . deóid, ScM. § 12 . FA § 3 , § 22 . Ériu iii 137. 48 . PH pass. deoaid, Gorm. Febr. 24 (disyllabic). deoig Mon. Tall. 135. 18 , 153. 22 . Laws v 172. 2 f.b. Anecd. i 47 st 1 (YBL). deoigh, ZCP vi 78. 24 . Laws ii 40. 7 f.b. Cog. 40. 16 &c. (b) diud, Ml. 29 a 8 . 40 a 15 . BCr. 18 d 1 . Thes. ii 44. 15 . SR 3087 (: biüd), 1568 (monosyll.). Rawl. 46 a (: triür). Trip. 72. 3 . RC xxiv 147. 12 . díud, Trip. 124. 18 . diú, Mon. Tall. 138. 29 . diae, Laws v 368. 11 .—COMPS. dead- RC xxv 28. 3 . deod-, déod-, MacCarthy 280. 5 . AFM iv 778. 4 . deog-, MacCarthy 302. 19 . ded-, v. dedól.

Dead as an independent word was becoming obsolete at the beginning of the Mid.-Ir. period, and words like deired, cenn, and forcenn took its place. It was preserved, however, in prepositional phrases; but the o-inflexion gave way to the ā-inflexion, which latter seems as old as the Wb glosses (see above). The acc. sg. remained intact in the phrase co deod = mod. go deo. The change from the o- to the a- inflexion was facilitated by the parallel phrase i ndigaid (i ndegaid) which in Mid.-Ir., apart from the slender -d, was bound to fall together with diad. Mid.-Ir. i ndiaid, then, seems a contamination of Oir. i ndiad and i ndígaid; both render Lat. proinde ( .i. i ndígaid sin, Ml. 71 b 11 ; .i. i ndiad sin, Ml. 65 a 12 , 75 c 8 ; .i. inna diad, ib. 63 a 7 ); corresponding to Sg. 77 a 9 : mac i ndead a athar, Wb. 30 b 14 has: maic i ndegaid a nathre. Mid.-Ir. has i ndegaid (i ndegaid a athar, MacCarthy 282 , 11 f.b. ) and i ndiaid; but there is no trace of a Mid.-Ir. i ndígaid. In a phrase like the following: táinic in rechtaire i ndíaid in áil the steward came to get the fork RC xxix 220. 7 , díaid should be traced to Oir. dígaid rather than to diad.

ORIGIN: Dead, i.e. †de-vedo-, is a cpd. of prep. de, as the interchange dead: diad (cf. degaid: dígaid) shows, and an old vn. of †de-ved leads off or out, the opposite of †to-ved leads on, Oir. dofeid. For †de-fed cf. do-díat (i.e. †dí-ved-s-t) translating Lat. inducat Ml. 35 c 30 (dum-dísed diducet ib. 78 b 18 , dan-diat deducit eum Sg. 77 a 4 ), and interchanging with de-, as in dead: dusn-deraid (†de-ro-fáid) transl. eduxit, Ml. 99 b 13 . Cf. dered `end,' orig. vn. of †de-reth-. Thus tuus and dead spring from one and the same root. To fedid as the root of dead also point the adjectives didenach, dedenach, probably derivatives from a vn. †diden (cf. air-diden, tu-diden), cf. fedan, deidine.—Stokes' derivation, Sprachschatz 144 , is wrong.

I End, conclusion, utmost limit , as the opposite to tuus or tossach, usually referring to time or serial order. deod .i. deired, Lec. Gl. 432 . deogh .i. deradh, C I 2, fo. 30 b . ó thossach co déidh, ZCP iv 237. 16 . ó thossuch co dead, LL 245 b 24 . ó thús co deig, FDG 376 . diud at the end of: diud noichtich, BCr. 18 d 1 .

(a) dead aidche the end of the night: dofil deoidh na haidchi, Fianaig. 16. 18 . iarméirge cert la sruithi diad naidchi tossach laithi, Ériu iii 100 § 22 . d s. deud aidche at the end of the night: laithe nand atraig deud aidche (v.l. diud a., RC xxiv 147. 12 ) LL 249 b 27 .

(b) dead lái the end of the day, the evening : ria ndeód lái, FB § 90 . ré ndeo lái, LL 220 b 31 . TTr. 261. 321 (ndéo). a mbátar and co deód lái co tráth na faire, FB § 83 . rorádi a ara friss imm díud lái, Trip. 124. 18 . d s. deud lái at the end of the day, at eventide : tic Find don ḟuarboith déod lái, Corm. 34. 6 f.b. tapair na trí scitle si deog læi do Chridenbél, RC xii 64. 22 . amal robátar and tráth nóna deód lái, FB § 91 . LU 112 b 4 . trath nóna deog lái, RC xiii 28. 19 . taisbenad inna flede deód lái, FB § 91 . LL 126 a 1 . deugh lói, RC xiv 453. 2 f.b. arcesi scís a láma diud lái, Trip. 72. 3 . ind sailm aurnaigi déu lái the evening psalms of prayer Mon. Tall. 129. 5 . ic crosfigil diú laoi, ib. 138. 29 . Also in the FM in archaizing language: lodar ó Áth Seanaigh deodhlaoí, v 1428. 2 . doluidh deódhlaoí láiṁ re Sionainn, ib. 1748. 9 .—For diae, Laws v 368. 11 : diae inn laei aircendai at the end of the appointed day, read diud.

(c) dead bliadnae the end of a year, d.¤ fogmair the end of the autumn. Arch. in FM: co diúidh teora mbliadhan, AFM i 290. 5 f.b. go diuidh mbliadhna, vi 1926. 5 f.b. ní roionnsaigh cechtar nae díobh aroile go diúdh foghṁair, ib. 2036. 12 .

(d) dead in domain the end of the world: co tici dead in domuin, ZCP iii 19. 36 . rosuigidead na cána so ó thosach domain co diaig to the end (`go deo'), Laws v 480. 23 . indiu déud domain (v.l. diaid), Fél. Prol. 220 .

(e) the end of life: Issac fri dead náissi: glead gníma glangáisse, SR 2829 .

(f) the end of a numeral series: ocht ṁbliadna déc... acht fil co diaid in míle, ZCP iii 22 st 36 .

(g) the conclusion of a book, a psalm, a chapter , &c.: hua sunt conrici diad in tsailm from here to the end of the psalm Ml. 119 a 4 . hi tosuch in tsailm...┐ ised dano tadbat inna diud, ib. 40 a 15 . ó `dixi custodiam' co díad (sc. of the psalm) Mon. Tall. 139. 20 . corrici diat[h], ib. 139. 25 . crónic ...inti medon ┐ tossach ┐ dead, LL 135 a 24 .

(h) grammatically: Auslaut, the end of a word, as opposed to tossach `Anlaut'; transl. Lat. finis: in principio mouentur .i. ní cumscichther dead nindib, Sg. 162 a 7 .

(i) FIG. ní thoracht Cormac déad na fírinni rodfír, LU 51 b 41 .

(k) IDIOM. ó thús diaid from the beginning to the end: adfiadat a scéla ó tús díaíd dó, BB 415 b 21 . ó thúis deireadh is still usual (W.K.).

II PREP. PHRASES.

A Prep. governing the accusative.

(a) co dead frequent in the phrase ó thús co d.¤ , v. above I, c, d, f, g; esp. co deod (originally the d s.), mod. go deo (in all districts), like choidhche, go héag, go bráth of future time, to the end, always : beidh sé gan ṁaith go deo he will be no good any more. sin é an buachaill gan eagla go deo (W.K.). faire go deó rú!, Midnight court 418 . Most frequently with a negative = never: ní thiocfaidh sé taobh liom go deo airíst; ní ḟéadfainn é go deo; ní bheidh sé agut go deo (W.K.). For Aran cf. Finck ii 86 .—co dé .i. co bráth, O'Curry Trs.

(b) fri dead, v. I e.

(c) fo diad last, after verba movendi: in ordine secunda ponuntur .i. inna hí batar buthi ar thuus dusrale fo diad, Ml. 23 c 16 .

(d) i ndead, i ndiad; Mid.-Ir. i ndiaid (rarely i ndeod, Ériu ii 174. 12 ). Eclipsis abandoned in Mid.-Ir. Cf. Acall. 2567 . YBL 179 b 3 . FB § 71 . In Mod.-Ir. a great variety of forms: i ndiaidh in all districts except the north (where as in Scotland déidh is used). In Kerry the following forms are heard: i ndiaig (-g from -idh), i ndeoig; i ndia, i ndeo' (i ndeodhadh), esp. before the particle san: na dhia san, but na dhiaig sin; i ndéig (na dhéig sin), na dhé' san. Very frequent is na dheabhaig sin (na dheabha san) thereafter, perhaps a contamination of i ndeoig and i ndeaghaig (still in use). Don. déidh is by Quiggin Dial. Don. § 162 traced to Oir. dead, degaid.

(α) of serial order, after, following after. Often synonymous or interchanging with i ndegaid. Corresponding to Lat. sequens, consequens: sequenti uocali .i. i ndead in deoguir bís sin chétna sillaib, Sg. 18 b 2 . de spiritali consequenti eos petra .i. a nail inna ndead, Wb. 11 a 17 . turbae quae sequebantur: na buidne robátar ina dhiaid, PH 4625 . 4575 ( ib. 4383 i ndegaid in the same phrase). Opposed to Lat. praecedens and pronominal cpds. with ré n-: praecedenti, gl. buithe inna diad, Ml. 35 b 23 . dá charpat rempe díb ┐ dá charpat na diaid following her (sc. Medb) TBC-LL¹ 695 ; same phrase Acall. 3866 . —is i ndiadet dixisti' dutiagat `come after Ml. 111 c 9 . bó i ndiaid (v.l. i ndíad) ind lóig, Thes. ii 340. 3 . beith i ndiaid to follow Laws i 152. 1 f.b. —MOD. ní hé sin tá uaim ach an ceann na dhiaig sin airíst the one immediately following (of a chapter in a book).

(β) after, in succession to; often translating Lat. successio, post. Type: macc i ndead a athar, Sg. 77 a 9 . Synon. i ndegaid. cen macc i ndeog a athar for Érinn co bráth, Ériu ii 174. 12 (v.l. a ndiaid, Rawl.); but: maic i ndegaid a nathre, Wb. 30 b 14 . in baile seo do fognum dó ┐ dá muintir ina diaid, Acall. 5397 . Iugaine a ndiaid Eirimoin, ib. 2567 . 2508 . Acall. 4969 . Cf. Laws i 22. 13 sq. , 26 . successionem generis .i. inna diad, Ml. 127 a 12a .— is airi asindet som donaib huaislib i ndiad inna nísel, Ml. 40 c 20 . léic foraindi ┐ forár maccu inár ṅdiaid a fuil ┐ a dígal PH 2947 . atruacht Gamut a ndiaig I., ZCP viii 114. 11 .— Often opposed to remi: coná bói remut nách hi[d] diaid ríg bas eolchu indái, PH 3968 . 3970 . roiṁe ┐ i ndiaidh bídh, Donlevy 392. 6 ; 120. 3 ; iv 21 ; i nd. a bháis, ib. 27. 19 — ardor solis...deirmess mór inna dead following on it AU A.D. 772 . post illos, gl. i ndead inna ní sin, Sg. 1 a 5 .

cách i nd. alaili one after the other (= diaid i ndiaid, μ): continua successione .i. cách díb i ndiad alaili, Ml. 42 b 5 . 72 b 27 . nosdíbairg na trí coecta snáthat cách i ndiaid araili díb, FB 65 . d. araili id.: berid secht cluichi diaig aroili RC v 200 § 14 . —Cf. mod. cách i ndiaidh a chéile.

(γ) with 3 sg. poss. pron. and the demonstr. particle sin = thereafter, thereupon ; often synonymous with iarum, iarsin, annsin. i ndiad sin, transl. proinde, Ml. 65 a 12 . 75 c 8 (synon. i ndigaid sin, gl. proinde, Ml. 71 b 11 ); transl. etiam, Ml. 20 b 7 (wrongly corrected by the editors to inna d. s.).—Cf. the mod. Sc. an déigh sin, an déigh so afterwards. inna diad, transl. proinde, Ml. 63 a 7 . Mid.-Ir. na diaid, na d.¤ sin. inda diaid, Mon. Tall. 131. 12 . inda diad sin, ib. 131. 15 . atchúala ina diáid guth ind aingil, FA § 31 . doberthea a chlann co Brian ina diaid afterwards RC xxiv 180. 20 . roeirgedar maccáim re hescradaib...┐ rodíanscáilit lind do chách ina diaid sin, Acall. 4610 . ina diaid thereupon PH 857 . 1144 . 2890 . Donlevy vii 26 ; xviii 10 ; 270. 7 . go haithghearr na dhiaidh shortly after ib. 456. 21 . trí míosa na dhiáigh sin three months after Bedel Gen. xxxviii 24 . mór chian na dhiaigh sin, OCL 20. 1 .—Very frequent in mod. lang.: tamall na dhiaigh sin shortly after.

(δ) i ndead, inna dead, idiomatically as a term of reference = below, further on, referring to something more explicitly defined in what follows. i ndead: duo possuit necessaria, gl. asbeir i ndiad which he mentions further on Ml. 50 c 5 . ib. 45 b 9 . duplicis salutis auctor Ezechiae fuit Deus .i. a nasbeir i ndiad as he says below ib. 48 b 9 . Here also Ml. 35 d 11 : iste inquam &c. .i. i ndiad, and 103 b 11 : nihil inquam &c. , gl. i ndiad, where indiad by Sarauw, ZCP iv 86 , and Stokes, Thes. i 717 a , is wrongly explained as a verbal form translating Lat. inquam; in both instances the glossator omitted the usual `asbeir,' as it might be understood from the Lat. inquam to which he added his gloss. inna dead; as the parallel phrases im d.¤ , inár nd.¤ show, inna contains the 3 sg. m. (f.): issed són desimrechtaigedar som namma inna dead it is this which he exemplifies below Sg. 11 b 4 . imchomarc insin huile ┐ ishǽ a thuassulcud in comthod talmaidech asber inna diad .i. prohibe &c. , Ml. 53 c 14 . ib. 22 a 8 . 65 b 5 . 89 a 8 . 100 c 2 . inna ndiad immediately after Ml. 91 d 7 , where the plural refers to `dispensationes.' With following sís: issí in míimbert asbeir inna diad sís, Ml. 17 c 6 . ib. 45 b 3 .—neut. do réir mar cuirthear síos é na dhiaidh so (i.e. in the following chapter), Donlevy 392. 7 . it dead, orig. after you (viz. the reader), i.e. below: conad impi sein tarla etarru ar marbad Hectair itiáid, LL 272 a 40 . TTr. 1900 . More usually the 1 sg. or pl. is employed: im dead, inár ndead: amal atá inár ndiaidh, MacCarthy 126 o . IT iii 69 § 17 . mar indeósus in scél inár ndiaidh as the story will tell afterwards CCath. 69 . —Cf. also Donlevy xxi 1 f.b. : an teagasc Crísduighe si nár ndiaidh. —The phrase is still in use.—Synon. inár ndegaid, diár néis ( Sg. 195 a 2 ).

(ε) after verba movendi, after , denoting the aim or object of many verbs, syn. i ndegaid, i nindsaigid. dol (techt, &c.) i nd. to follow: luid in mac bec na ndíaid dia nimdibe, TBC-LL¹ 923 . dolotar i nd. Atharni, YBL 179 b 3 . tibra itá i Loch Con...téit na diaig intan tráiges, ZCP v 24 § 11 . ragaid Líban it diáid, SCC § 20 . tángadur cách ina diaid, Acall. 2175 . marcsluaigh...ag dul nár ndiaigh OCL 25. 12 . an tí rénar toil teacht im dhiaidh se diúltadh é féin, TSh. 222. 25 . to approach : ag dol i nd. deiridh decaying , a common phrase = ag d. chum deiridh, W.K. follow with intent to overtake, pursue : go dtigidh tóir id dhéidh, Ech. Am. 112 . ac teacht le fíochniṁ ina ndeoidh, ib. 578 . rith i nd. to run after: nobered rith báise na ndiaid, TBC-LL¹ 893 . ceangailte do neithib saoghalta ┐ ag rioth na ndiaidh, Donlevy x 2 . gabáil i nd. to pursue : gabmáidne uile a ndiaid ind óclaig, Acall. 6044 . dorónsat airbirt tenn a ndiaid a comalta, ib. 3407 . rolebling léim ina diaid sum, FB 70 . cur i nd. to send against (or to): rocuired D. ndiaid (= i nd.) na muinter día narcain, Cog. 154. 10 . docuiredh teachta uatha ina dhiaidh, OCT 54.21 . ag drud na ndéoigh approaching them 3 C 13, 591. 6 . to throw after: docer a samthig inna diad, Tur. 131 . focerd ceirtle ana ndiaidh, RC x 68. 7 . to call, shout after: doriugart Georgi a ndiaid na míled, PH 1335 . Cf. Sc. chuir misi nan déidh mo ghlaodh, Macd. 325 b .

(ζ) buith i nd.¤ (a) with a personal subject: to be after, i.e. to seek, to look for, try to get, pursue. bái sium a ndiaidh a athardha he persevered in his endeavours to recover his patrimony AFM vi 2094. 5 . in lucht marbta ro bai ina n-diaidh-siumh, CCath. 5763 . 5768 . dḟosgail sé é is thóig sé leis an rud a raibh sé na dhiaidh which he was looking for Súil Uí Dhubhda 4. 19 . is mian leis bheith a ndiagh a thoile, Ériu v 128 § 27 . Cf. táinic...a ndiaidh an áil to get the fork RC xxix 220 . —(b) with neuter subj. to be left, spared: sgriosag an tír is níl na ndiaig acht flíoch is fiadhaile Midnight court 79 .

(η) with verbs like slaodaim, tarraigim, stracaim I drag or trail after me: siubhail nó stracfad san lathaig am dhiag, Midnight court 134 . —Synon. i ndegaid, TBC-LL¹ 1924 .

(θ) after in the foll. phrases: as marb uile Fianna...olc atú a ndiaid na ríg rán, Acall. 3369 . co cend trí lá nícon reilgthe láig dia mbúaib ina diaid, Ériu i 120 § 13 (`to commemorate him,' Meyer). nach dleaghair do neach cuṁa do dhéanaṁ i ndiaidh an tí théidh uaidh, TSh. 238. 16 . tá sé anuaigneach i ndiaidh a ṁic (W.K.).—Synon. i ndegaid.

(ι) behind : féach id dhiaigh, transl. respice post te, TSh. 15. 2 ; very common after fácbaid to leave something behind one: dfág sé an raṁan na dhiaidh he left the spade behind him (W.K.). Numerous exx. Finck ii 81 .

(κ) since : leo so dorinneadh na cinidheacha annsa doṁan a ndiaigh na díleann, Bedel Gen. x 32 .

(λ) with vb. ` bind': to bind or fix sth. to a thing in motion , as a ship or a chariot. noscengland Cuchulainn Ercoil i ndiáid a charpait leis, FB § 70 . cenglathar err trén tnúthach i nd. erri óencharpait, ib. 71 . ceanglaidhidh an toiléan sin (sc. Éire)...a ndiaigh bhur long, OCT 9.4 .

(μ) idioms: diaid i ndiaid one after another = cách i ndiaid alaili (d, β). Of persons and actions: ré nói ríg déc diaid i ndiaid in continuous succession LL 144 a 48 . amal rachansam cech cert diaid i ndiaid, ib. 143 a 41 . a rígha ┐ a thóisigh diaigh a ndiaigh forin leith sin doréir a ndualgus, ZCP i 372. 24 . tángatur in fían...muin ar ṁuin ┐ druim ar dhruim ┐ d. i nd. da innsaige, Fianaig. 54. 5 . re tri lá d. a nd. for three successive days CCath. 3401 . dá chreich diaigh a ndiaigh la gallaib for muintir Sercacháin RC xviii 292. 15 . rochuir in dá chroich diaid i ndiaid forin marb, LB 231 a 3 . a bhara fa gach aon aca bás dḟulang diaidh i ndhiaidh, TSh. 4.21 . san aois féin lé ngadtar bríogha an chuirp d. i nd. go gcuireann an bás fa ghréim fa dheóigh é, ib. 67. 7 . na ndeighḟer ndiongmála lás ro hernaidhmeadh í diaidh i ndiadh, AFM vi 2048. 15 . baí an tíarla ac dol i ndaoinib d. i nd. gaining more and more people to his side ib. vi 2082. 14 . ib. 2234. 15 . naoi ccéd bliadhain deóigh a ndeóigh, 3 C 13, 558. 1 . ib. 368. 15 .—In sp. l. superseded by diaid ar ndiaid or i nd. ar nd.: do cailleadh iad go léir i ndiaidh ar ndiaidh (or d. i. nd.), W.K. do thuiteadar go léir i nd. ar nd. na gcodladh, Éinín órdha 2. 7 . Syn. cenn i cenn, druim ar druim.

i ndiaidh a chinn, i nd. mo chinn, &c. A modern idiom = headlong : do thuit sé a ndiaidh a chinn, Tor. Dh. Oss. 87 n. 3 . an taos óg aibriosc do theilgean a ndiaidh a gcinn a mbealach a mbasgaidhthe, Donlevy xviii 25 . ag imtheacht i ndiaidh a chinn without thinking, without reflecting, W.K.—dochunnaic ar tús ar dorus ifirn croinntighi ┐ na pecthaid aga píanadh inntu ┐ drem díbh aga crochadh a ndiaidh a coss (hung by their feet) ┐ dream eile a ndiaidh a láṁ ┐ drem ele a ndiaidh a folt ┐ dream a ndiaidh a teangthadh ┐ drem ele [a n]diaidh a raigthidh, Lib. Flav. ii 38 vo b 15 . an tráth dochaithfinn an tsleagh...a ndiaidh a buna (sic leg.) is a hurloinn, Brooke and R. 268. 15 - 16 .

dul i nd. a láime, mod. idiom, to go to the bad Dinneen.

na dhiaidh sin is uile, mod. idiom (also Sc.), all the same: d'imthig sé ródhianach ach na dh. s. i. u. do bhuail an tiasc leis. Also na dheabha san is uile ; cf. Manx na ili, ny yeih nevertheless. Syn. marsin féin.—Cf. e ζ.

B Prep. governing the dative.

(e) fo deud, fo diud ; Mid.-Ir. fo deoid. Mod. : fé dheoig, fé dheoig sin, fé dheo'san (fé dheabha san, see d above), W.K. synon. fé deireadh.—Translates `in fine' Sg. 9 b 21 . quasi sterquilinium in fine perdetur : trascérthar fa deóid amal salchar, PH 6063 .

(α) at last, in the end, ultimately , subsequent to all else in occurrence (but ina diad subsequent to what immediately precedes). Often, as the final link in a series of events, introduced by ar thuus, and continued by iarum, iarsin, iartain, ina diaid, &c. Opp. ar thuus, hi tuus : roét som sochaidi hi tús róslá úad uli fo deoig, Mon. Tall. 135. 18 . ar tús...iartain...fa deo, Laws v 196. 13 . cael dóib ar thús in drochet lethan imurro fo deóid, FA §§ 22 , 23 . co gránna ar tús ┐ álaind fa deoid, RC xxiv 200. 18 . dot ṡroigled for tús...┐ dot chrochad fa deoid, PH 2851 . ar tús...fa deóid, ib. 2142 . MOD. ar dtúis (a dtúis)...fé dheoigh.— ní fuair ní do biud...fo diud acht lubai in talman, SR 1568 . fo diud, ib. 3087 . ructha fo diud...a triur i mBabilóin, Rawl. 46 a . crosfigild iarum fa deud, Mon. Tall. 138. 14 . a cétul uli fa deoid, ib. 140. 29 . is and dothuit fo deoid, Laws ii 124. 15 . is éicean dó in ferann dḟácbáil fo deoid, iii 130. 22 . a ferunn rena braighe a braighe fo deoigh last of all, ii 40. 7 f.b. v 172. 2 f.b. fo deoaid in degbuaid, Gorm. Febr. 24 . a natberi sin fo déoid what you said last TBC-LL¹ 1897 . loinges O. ┐ loinges L. ┐ loinges na hingine Ruaide fa dheoigh, Cog. 40. 16 . ScM. § 12 . silled ┐ comrád iarum tadall na tam iarsin in gním fén (adultery) fa deoid, PH 7809 . nonbéra fa deoid do aittreb na flatha nemda, ib. 5358 . ib. 4297 . 4201 . 1679 . 1916 . 2656 . 6651 . 7221 . toibéchar fair co díchondirclech fa deoid ó Dia, ib. 4113 . an cholann do chur i nuaim úrghránna...do dheanaṁ talṁan dí fa dheóigh, TSh. 32. 28 ; ib. 67. 8 ; 222. 13 . fa dheóigh damnughud síorruidhe, Donlevy 148. 24 . dofuair bás fá dheoidh a gc&rdot;ann na croiche, ib. 32. 24 ; 364. 5 . neaṁaithrighe fá dheoidh final impenitence, one of the sins against the Holy Ghost, ib. 176. 15 ; 180. 3 , 17 .

(β) at last, at length , in a weakened sense, sometimes interchanging with iarsin thereupon . Often hardly distinguishable from (α). rofaillsiged dano fó deóid do Adamnán &c. (v.l. iarsin LB) FA § 3 . fortamlaigid in leoman fo deoid (v.l. andsein) forsin triur aili, RC xxiv 174. 10 . rolen in cullach ┐ dorug air fo deoigh, ZCP vi 78. 24 . iarsin dodechudsa fa deoid cor ṡuides i fiadnaise in dúileman, MacCarthy 68. 12 . Mon. Tall. 153. 22 . CCC § 5 Eg. IT i 100. 19 . nocon ḟuaratar cinaid oc Ísu...fa deoid dodechatar ann dá ghuforglige, PH 3144 .

(γ) for the last time, of order: conid hé sin marb rotaithbeógad fo deoid i nÉirind the last dead man restored to life ZCP iii 36. 1 .

(δ) last, i.e. at the end, in the rear . praeposterans .i. aní ba buthi ar thuus do thochur fo diud, Ml. 29 a 8 . anas suthin immurgu ished rolaad fo deid, Wb. 13 d 9 ... ar thús...isin luc tánaisi...isin tres luc...fáth airic imorro fa deoid is placed last Laws i 26. 10 . mo chland do dul hi cath ┐ hi crích ría cách ┐ do bith fo deóid oc tuidecht essi, Expuls. 48 .

(ε) finally , indicating the last point or conclusion of a discourse, &c. ced ed tra fo deud. amal foruigensid do peccad fognid do fírinni, Wb. 3 b 28 . fá dheóig mo dhear -bhráithreacha bíghídhe láidir sa dTighearna, Ephesians vi 10 .

(ζ) mod. idiom fé dheoidh sin is uile, a strengthened fé dheoidh : bhí sé a bfaid na ṡeasaṁ suas ach thuit sé f. d. s. i. u. but at last he fell, W.K. Synon. fé dheireadh thiar thall. Cf. d μ.

(η) mod. air ndiaidh in what follows, below : na coinghill air a labhramuid air ndiaidh the conditions we are going to speak of Donlevy 332. 14 . isan miontṡaothar so ar nd., ib. x 1 f.b .—diaid ar nd., v. d μ.

(θ) mod. as diaidh : do snaidhmeadh sí le cúigear as diaidh a chéile she was married to five men in succession (W.K.).

III Cpds. dead-blegon o, n. Last milking , opp. cét-b. : a cétblegon i llestar for leith a ṅdeadblegon i llestar naile, RC xxv 28. 3 . LL 271 a 10 . dead-ḟlaith i, m. f. Last prince or ruler (cf. déden-rí): Cleopatra... deogflaith Greg, MacCarthy 302. 19 . deodhḟlaith cheneóil Duacháin, AFM iv 778. 4 . — Cf. ded-ḟlaithus BB 11 b 32 . MacCarthy 292 g . dedól, q.v. air-dead, air-diden, q.v. ? dāl de dālaib dedarbe 'one of the encounters at the final breach' Celtica xxi 201.22 .

MOD. see I k, II a, d, e, ζ, η, θ. Sc. déidh, deóidh, deodh (air dheodh otherwise, else ).

dedail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dedail or dil.ie/14976
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dedil, dedail, deadail, dedhail, deaghloi-ne, dedhailti, degulta, dedail, dédlib, dedhlaib, deghailt, deighilt, deaghailt, deighilt, dedail, dedail, deaghailt, deighilt, deighilte

i (di- + 1 dál, cf. Welsh diddawl, LEIA D-35) By native grammarians explained as a cpd. of privative de + fedil `yoke': dedil .i. cen fedil...dedil cen cuimrech, O'Mulc. 298 . —n s. dedil, O'Mulc. 298 . dedail: LL 21 b 14 . 156 a 43 . 192 b 6 . 216 b 28 . SG 353. 4 . AFM i 216. 2 (old poem). CCath. 3380 . deadail MR 252. 7 YBL. dedhail, ZCP i 62. 13 (12th century), &c.g s. ár deaghloi-ne , Gadelica i 11 § 3 (ca. 1600). dedhailti, CCath. 5281 . degulta, PH 7342 (if not from † dedlad).— n du. dedail, BB 318 b 34 .—d p. dédlib, LU 64 b 12 . dedhlaib, ACL iii 295 st 25 .—In late Mid.-Ir. pronounced deghailt and so written, O'Dav. 676 . TSh. 35. 3 f.b. Rel. Celt. i 146. 2 f.b. deighilt: Eg. 142, p. 330 . Gadelica i 12 § 11 v.l. ITS iii 96 . Tadg G., FitzGer.—MOD. deaghailt, deighilt (-eigh-as in leigheas), Waterf.

RHYMES : dedail (n s.) : lethain, SG 353. 4 . dedail (d s.) : Cendselaig, BB 232 a 30 .

I Act of disjoining, parting, separating, quitting . With fri, Mid.-Ir. re, la, Mod. la ( ó, Rel. Celt. ii 238. 12 ). deil... .i. dedail, Laws iv 114. 2 . derla .i. deghailt nó dealugud, O'Dav. 676 . deadhail .i. sgaoileadh nó dealughadh, O'Cl. Lhuyd. Synon. imscarad, TSh. 32. 22 . Opp. cur la, AFM v 1688. 22 .

(a) in a material sense: traigh coruige deil nordan .i. co dedail na ordan .i. troig corrici in inad i ndeiligenn in ordu risin traigid, Laws iv 114. 2 = O'Dav. 715 (v.l. degail, ib.). mínslabraidh ic fúaigel in chathbairr sin i ndrolaibh na lúirighe...coná bái cumang a ndedhailti noco ndeiligti do réir a aìccenta iat, CCath. 5281 . PROV. is dedail smera re smuais the parting of the marrow from the bone AFM i 216. 2, A.D. 593. H 2.16 , col. 689 . Manners and Customs iii 251 n.

(b) transf.

(1) of persons : ar ndeadail (v.l. ndeghail) re Congal, MR 252. 7 YBL. SG 35. 26 . a chúiged gan chennach arna deadail re derbḟine, MR 218. 2 . rommarb tart i cind sléibe Senmairgge. and fríth a dedail ria dreim, LL 216 b 28 = BB 370 a 35 . ic degail re hElga, Fen. 284. 14 . doragha sa dum ṡaighidh se ┐ bemait cen deghail dogrés, CCath. 1467 . cen d.¤ ria (sc. risin cathraig), 1805 . oc gabáil ceda ó Dhia cumm degulta ris, PH 7342 . ní bás acht deighilt re Dia, Eg. 142, p. 330 . ag deghail risan tTighearna, Hosea i 2 . gan meadair móir gan debaid ndéin degail rer tír, Add. 30512, fol. 30 a 2 . tír re ndocra dedail SG 353. 4 . dobered dedail claidib eturru, CCath. 2446 . doghníd na drochsmúaintighthe deaghailt idir dhuine ┐ Dia, TSh. 35. 3 f.b. dom degail re[a] dreich rabhuigh, Ériu iv 214. 1 . gur bo héiccen dó dedhail fria eoch co nerbail, AFM vi 2162. 13 . deaghuil ruibh, Gadelica i 11 § 5 (circa 1600) ; ib. § 3 . a deighilt leis ní cuibhe go bráth ITS iii 96. 5 . Rel. Celt. i 141. 11 ; 146. 2 f.b. ii 140. 2 f.b. ; 238. 12 .—With the definite article : a special instance of parting . robo leasc la Poimp ┐ la Cornelia in dedail sin, CCath. 3380 . dursan daṁsa an deaghuil sin le grían, Gadelica i 12 § 11 .

(2) of things : Tuadhṁuṁa do deadhail ré cóicceadh Connacht ┐ a chur lásan Muṁain, AFM v 1688. 22 . d.¤ Osraidhe, 23 E 26 p. 291 . PROV. is deghail cuirp fri hanmain limsa scaradh frit, ZCP iv 384. 32 (15th century). an anam ┐ an corp do dheaghail ┐ diomsgaradh re chéile, TSh. 32. 22 .

II Condition of being scattered : doim ac dedhail má doirib, SG 102. 6 .

III Act of desisting or ceasing from (fri) : slóg can degail re debaid, Hy Fiach. 186. 11 . A ceasing : carais Ciarán ...uṁalóid nár dian dedhail, ZCP i 62. 13 .

IV A distinction, a discrimination, a setting down. cúig glúine déag réa ndeaghoil (v.l. ndeadhail)...suas ó Éibhear go hÁdhaṁ, Keat. 1523 . — dá ernail dno .i. dá ḟírdedail didiu forsna consainib lasin laitneoir, BB 318 b 34 .

V Frequent in old poetry (esp. in chevilles) in various senses : Fergus...cóiced rí déc dedail dron : gab Emain iar Conchobor, LL 21 b 14 (cf. sense IV). bid maigen dedail cen díl : ón tṡíl roṡelaig rosuan, ib. 192 b 6 . Miss fúair cen dedail (sic leg., cf. BB 377 a 15 ) de : saerdruim Senaig, 198 a 54 .—biathad dá thráth dég... : ó rí Tulcha Og gan dedail (cen deaghail, Lec.) BB 269 a 12 , cf. Leb. Cert. 36. 11 (cf. sense III). Caimín Dima iar ndeadhail : do ṡíl Enna, BB 232 a 30 . iarsin a dual fria deadhail : rodosealaigh sluag Sereadh, 36 b 24 .—dedhlaib duaine (at the verse-end), ACL iii 295 st 25 (9th century). The sense is doubtful in TBC-LL¹ 828 YBL : is amlaid romarbtha in lucht sin O. ina dind tri maic Garchon fora náth Fertedil ina dedil (dédlib LU 64 b 12 ) Maenán ina dind ; cf. dédail.

MOD. deaghailt, deighilt, gen. deighilte (deadhla P. O'C.), v. supra. a separation, divorce, severing, parting, putting asunder P. O'C. Dinneen a discharge, a divorce , Coneys. O'R. Obs. in Sc.

do-boing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-boing or dil.ie/17242
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: do-boing, tobuing, -toibget, torbongat, toboing, forna turbais, torbais, dobo, dobosat, tochmat, dobibus-sa, dombibsat, topaig, tóerbaig, dochumbaig, tochumbaig, tópacht, do-bongar, tobongar, dobongatar, dobosar, dobostar, tochmastar, dobibustar, topacht, docombachta, tobach, toibgid, tobaigid

v (*to-bong-, * -beg-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 460 , 477 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. do-boing, ni tobuing , Laws i 86 n. 3 pl. -toibget, Laws v 254.2 . (with perfective -ro-) na torbongat , ZCP xiii 29.31 . Ipv. 2 s. toboing, Fing. R. 907 . Subj. pres. 2 s. (with -ro-) forna turbais, Laws i 86 n. na torbais , ZCP xiii 21.28 . 3 s. dobo, O'Dav. 687 . co toib (MS toip), Ériu lvii 156 . (with -ro-) dia toirb, xx 166.58 . 3 pl. dobosat, O'Dav. 686 . (with perf. -com-) cona tochmat , 378 . Fut. 1 s. dobibus-sa, Three Hom. 52 . 3 pl. dombibsat, O'Curry 779 ( H 3.18 365b ). Pret. and perf. 3 s. topaig, Corm. Y 1018 . co tóerbaig , FB § 86 (torbaig, Eg.). (with perfective -com-) dochumbaig: tochumbaig, Laws ii 352.5 . In sense (a) below the form tópacht (really a pass., Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 378 , 477 ) is commonly used (-ó- usually marked long in MSS.). Pass pres. s. do-bongar, Críth G. 60 . ni tobongar , Laws ii 272. 3 Comm. pl. dobongatar, Laws ii 122.17 . Subj. pres. dobosar, Laws ii 88.6 . dobostar, v 464.21 . With perf. -com-, tochmastar, O'Dav. 1550 ( Ériu xiii 13.27 ). Fut. dobibustar .i. toibhghistar, O'Curry 1476 ( H 3.18 653 ). Pret. and perf. s. topacht (see above), LL 200b26 . pl. docombachta, O'Dav. 30 . Vn. tobach.

Later as simple vb. toibgid, tobaigid. IGT Verbs § 52 .

(a) plucks, wrests, tears (away); breaks, strikes (off, away): tobuing dlai dam cut (pluck?) me a wisp, Hib. Min. 72.17 ( Fing. R. 907 ). rorigi a láim corrici ina cróes co tóerbaig a cride este tore out its heart, FB § 86 . tópacht in claideb assa intig, TBC-LL¹ 2870 . con-tópacht in corthe clochi a talmain tore the stone pillar from the ground, 1984 . ó thópacht aicce in chaill chain | cona fremaib as talmain, LL 200b26 . topacht in grainne ass the grain was cut (taken?) out, ZCP ii 135 § 10 . co topacht a chend de struck off his head, FB § 77 . ragat-sa . . . co topachtur a chend de, LU 6008 (TBC). co topacht bil a scéith féin a chend de Sualtam, TBC-LL¹ 4747 . topach (doben, St.) a fholt o chúl có étan de, 1890 . tópacht cétbunni darach d'oenbéim, 563 . topacht a thul dia thargu, Metr. Dinds. ii 130 . is lé topacht in lathe ṁbuana by her the reaping was done, Fél. p. 56 .

(b) breaks: dibibsigter (= dobibsatar?) tige houses will be destroyed (?), IT iii 551 = dobrisfiter, TFerbe 206 . is e in clethe-sin dobibuir hit étan iar do chlaidbiud do Allmarchaib which will be broken on thy brow (?), LB 260b31 , cf. YBL 136a31 . Intrans. (?): dochombuich mo chorc-sa thall (.i. dobris mo craide-si astigh), ZCP v 487 (B. na f.).

(c) exacts, wrests (someth. fr. someone), usually with notion of force; and esp. exacts, levies, recovers (a fine or tribute); with accus. of thing and DE (occasionally FOR or FRI) of pers.: do thabhuigh exacted, Eg. Gl. 588 . doboing bretha dín `deprives us of justice', RC xvii 143.19 (Tig.). teid an fiach-so do neuch dib dodboing, Anecd. iii 22 . trían as don ardríg dondboing, Ériu i 214 . nach logait nach ni dia fiachaib acht toibgit iat o bicc co mor, PH 4333 . biathad cach óin tobó fiachu in[n]a cānae . . . intan dombongatar, Cáin Ad. § 48 . dobibus-sa (.i. toibegait) mo thindscra dhít, Three Hom. 52 . gach aón . . . thoibhéobhus mo chíoscháin, Ériu v 100 . in ticfa nech to ibechus mo chuarta? who will levy my tributes?, Fen. 170 . cet ngiall as cach oen coicedh | rothobaigh Niall ní, AU 763 (poem). rotobhaigh cís cecha cinidh, CCath. 126 . isi seo in eraic do thabaid Tuathal 'na ingenaib .i. boroma, Lec. 593b40 . rathobgiset in mBoroma, RC xiii 94 § 121 . secht nairlenga . . . na tochmastar dliged tairsib, O'D. 655 ( H 3.17 502 ) `so that law cannot be exacted in their despite', Plummer MS. notes. tocombaig a ṡlán ara ḟornert `he is able to enforce his compensation', Críth G. 414 and n. cach dichmairc . . . is cona dire dobongar, Laws ii 352 . mad a cirt dobostar de if it is by right claimed from him, v 464 Comm. ni tobungaur dia comhurbuib iar n-ecuibh it is not recoverable from his heirs, ii 274 . fa ma dalbach di na tobngar díre n-ainech, ACL iii 294 § 7 . nír taibged a hēntīr riam [ar] tinólset `never had there been levied from one country' (carried off), RC xviii 174 . ase fiach rotoibhgheadh ann, AFM ii 1142 (1161) . is cumai fiach neich doci ┐ nad aidbri ┐ nad thobaing (dobuing, v.l.) fri neuch cullius soiri an domnaig does not exact (the penalty ?), Anecd. iii 22 . acht cidh tochmastar fri ferba filed .i. acht a[n]ni toibges an fili asa briathraib, O'Dav. 1550 ( Ériu xiii 13.27 ). ní tobuing nech for na tobungar no person can levy who is not subject to levy, Laws i 86 n. in tí dia tidnaic in Coimdiu imarccraid a móine . . . toibéchar fair co serb . . . o Día, PH 4112 . do thabaigh se a tigerntus aran imperi dó, ZCP vi 289 . With preposition ó obj.: doberthar dígal fhola Crist fort ┐ taibeochthar co serb uait hí, LB 222b22 . In wider sense: muna thuga duit a inghen ar ais, tobaigh ar eigin hi, Aen. 1681 . dūss in ruirmemis a lín | int sluaigh doboing bretha dín the host that deprives us of judgements, RC xvii 143 . rothoibge a coibsena thou shalt exact their confessions, ACL iii 316 § 41 . orait d'Aodh Ruadh do tobaigh co foregnac an leabar so ar Chonnachtaib, LU 2775 (scribal note). Hui Choirpri . . . ni rucsat orbe conid torbaing Dau Iarlathe ar écin, Anecd. iii 62 . taibhghedh om chat mo dreollán let him recover my wren from my cat, BCC § 118 . tochombaig Ciannacht cianbruige C. took possession of distant farms, Laws iv 8 ( .i. rotoibgestar, 28 Comm. ). is luath toibgit na sofir a ferann tresin techtugad so, 2.6 Comm. (gl. on: tocombachtnaib sealb saerteallaigh, cf. O'Dav. 303 ). In fig. sense: días do thobhoigh grádh dá ngaois two who inspired love, Studies 1920, 262 § 3 . do thabhaigh clú d'Íbh Carrthoigh who won fame for, 3 C 12, 425.6 . do thabhaig deóir óm dheirc wrung tears from, 393.10 . For further exx. see Gadelica 72 .

Note also: rem riagail is beacht do boing with my rule (i.e. computation) it tallies (?) exactly , Lec. 363b18 (see 2 do-ben).

1 ethiar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ethiar or dil.ie/20847

 

Forms: ethiuir

n (é—?) m. (L. aether) the upper air, or ether: isse sin int ethier huais | cen gaeth, cen aear n-angluais (of the atmosphere extending from the moon to the sun) SR 117 . muir ┐ gæth ┐ grian ┐ eoitheoir ┐ firmaimint, RC xvi 32.3 . int intech dochuaid hi colaind co héther amal dochuaid Pol (i.e. to the third heaven, cf. 2 Cor. xii 2 ?) ACC 135 Comm. (hether LB. heithiar YBL). rosiacht corrici ethíar a arddi, FB 81 (eithiar Eg.). g s. ind ethiuir (gl. aetheris) Lib. Hymn. i 71.32 (in etheoir v.l.). foluamnigis i n-ethíar in the air MacCongl. 107.11 .

fec

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fec or dil.ie/21390

 

Forms: fecca, fecca

n ā, f. (?)

(a) a spade or similar tool used for digging: fec quasi pec quia pingit [leg. pungit] terram , Corm. Y 630 . f.¤ quia figitur terra (sic leg.), O'Mulc. 506 . fec .i. laige a spade O'Cl. feac, Eg. Gl. 353 . O'Curry mentions that in his time `feac' meant in Munster the spade-handle only, while in Meath and east Leinster it was used of the whole spade, ML 166 n . aendu[i]ne ic romhur ┐ f.¤ tentidhi ina laimh, RC xiv 50.22 . a fidhbac ┐ a ḟeac ┐ a sluasat, ZCP vi 271.24 . pl. fecca do thabairt ar na fedaib, ML 164y (of spikes fixed horizontally to poles used in digging for the diggers to put their feet on).

(b) a tooth, tusk: feacc no fecc .i. fiacail, O'Cl. féc Pátraicc, Arch. Hib. iv 205.17 = fiacail, LL 370b25 . cu feic (.i. ... corrici a fiacail), LL 208a12 ( IT i 162 ). [i]na feic .i. [i]na fiaccail ib. LL 208a 15 . Cf. fiacail .i. ... fecad (leg. fecca ?) na hóile iad, Corm. Y 613 s.v. fiacail.

2 fés

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 fés or dil.ie/21777

 

Forms: fesguirmi, ḟéasgorma

n hair (coll.), esp. of coarse hair growing on lower part of the body = Germ. Schamhaar: prob. same word as 1 fés : tacmainged a f.¤ ichtarach corrici a glún, BDD § 61 , which seems = tacmaicced a bél íchtarach co a glún, § 38 (in both exx. of a woman). In late Mid. Ir. lit. apparently used of any course fibrous hair. bean ┐ fear ... concertat fabach dia ḟ.¤ ichtair conclised dar cūl a cind sechtair ┐ concerdat fabach dia ḟ.¤ uachtair confoilged a nglúine `lower beard ... upper beard' MR 20.8 . Compds. ¤gorm blue-bearded ; g s. f. scairb caillighi fesguirmi , CCath. 3954 . pl. tri dlochtána ḟéasgorma , ML 118.32 (both exx. refer to witches). ¤léne a hair-shirt: fesléne sanct Brigte, LL 370b27 . feisléni Choluim C. ib. 30 ( Arch. Hib. iv 205.23 ; 206.13 v.l.). ? ¤róinnech : [ben] Ailella feisroinnig, BB 397a5 (= feasfonnaid, Dinds. 142 . fésaig, Metr. Dinds. iv 70.16 ).

gabál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gabál or dil.ie/25035
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: gabaal, gabál, gabail, gabáil, gabáil, gabalae, gabala

n ā, f. n s. gabaal, Wb. 7a7 . gabál, SR 6290 . gabail, Ml. 60a12 . 95d13 . gabáil, LU 5126 . d s. and a s. gabáil, q.v. infra. g s. gabalae, Ml. 83a3 . n p. gabala, Wb. 19a4 .

As vn. of gaibid (q.v.) in all its meanings.

(a) taking (over, into possession), assuming ; passing occas. into the sense receiving : hi tosuch gabalae toisigechtae du Moysi, Ml. 83a3 . iar ngabhail righe do Feidhlim, Cog. 4.27 . a ngabāil tar a n-ainme taking them [as wives] in spite of their defects, ZCP viii 113.10 . gabail bachla going on a pilgrimage (lit. taking a staff), Laws v 296.16 . do gabail aéir taking the air, Maund. § 190.8 . lā do ghabháil to fix a day, Ériu viii 137.11 . aithrechus do gabail on pecach to accept repentance, BCC 238.4 . gan oba gliadh ná a gabhail, TD 26.40 . bala mumia do gabáil a n-aimsir na plaga to inhale, O'Gr. Cat. 200.2 . ier ngabail tighi ōsta after taking lodgings, Fl. Earls 66.27 . na luibhe ici ... a[g] gabail na crecht nua ... n-anabaid drawing together (?) or taking effect on (?) the new raw wounds, ZCP x 308.5 . conā gaib greim nō gabāil ina tómlim what I eat takes no hold or effect, MacCongl. 95.2 . dochúas o Dauid ... fri gabáil nglé for fair reception (?) SR 6303. Of assuming arms : a chētgabāil ṅgaiscid, TBC-I¹ 641 . Of conceiving : féil ghabhála Mhuire i mbroinn, TSh. 3269 . Of receiving and adopting a foster-child : cidh mac faosma d' ainfine ... mad ro badar ar aird ag a gabhail, Laws iv 256.4 Comm. Of removal by death : ar na ghabhail on bheathaigh so, AU i 8.9 . (?) ma romtoiccthi ecc ind-Hí, ba gabal di trocari it were a merciful taking (?) Anecd. ii 19.3 . Of fixing in : ic gabhail férne na pupla don talmain, driving in ... (?), RC xliii 42 § 39.

gabáil lámae duine expelling, removing a person (lit. seizing his hand, see Ir. Recht, p. 12 ) : fristulaid C. dó ┐ rofóid díis dia muintir do gabáil a láma, Trip. i 146.22 . adrodamair láim Patraic do gabail, ib. 148.5 . Cf. ii 478.15 . cia epscop uáib no ragad ... do gabail laime Mochuta, Fél.² 94.39 . leth in sechtmaig ar gabail lama nama only for marrying (of a husband `for bantidnacor'), Laws ii 392.25 Comm. (see Thurneysen, Stud. in E. Ir. Law, p. 59 ). With prep. for enjoining, commanding : grechus C. C. ar Laogh ... ag gabhail a laimhe fair 'man ngaei mbulga d'indioll, ZCP x 296.2 ; cf. TBC-LL¹ 2180 , 3252 ; ML 156.5 . Cf. also : ac gabail lama ar an feín dochum an mor-chatha `urging on' CF 565 . See gaibid.

In concrete sense : a collection (of money, etc.) : rogabad gabáal dóib leu, Wb. 7a7 . con-gabtis gabala linn ... in Hierusalem, 19a4 . dinab gabalib (gl. collectis), 13d33 . dodechatar conimbiud a ngabala (.i. tinola) , ACL iii 28.16 . ar cenn Patraic, Trip. 206.8 . doberdis gabala mar (sic) doib, O'Curry 762 ( H 3.18, 359 b ). primiti .i. tosach gabala cach nuathoraidh, Laws i 52.7 Comm. Cf. also leth-gabal under 2 ? gabal.

(b) seizing, capturing ; conquest ; seizure : gabail etechta unlawful seizure, Laws ii 84.10 . gabail co toxal, i 64.3 . caill cen gabail `an unappropriated wood,' v 484.14 Comm. imgeib guin immo-amgeib gabáil he avoids wounding, he avoids capture, TBC-LL¹ 860 . co ṅ-gabail iṅgni sebaicc, 2725 . ar ngabāil gīall for Mumain, ZCP viii 119y . fer gabala giall nErenn (of a predominant king), RC xviii 41.28 (Tig.). go sluaghaibh Gréag dá gabháil, TD 26.33 . ro po goiste gabala don Demun, RC xx 176.17 (ACC Comm.). gabála báise cis lir ? how numerous are the seizures (?) of folly ? Tec. Corm. § 14 . do leigthea gan lan-gabail without being taken prisoner, MR 200.11 . Cf. Numbers xx 1 ; AFM iii 306.13 ; 646.2 . set gabhala, O'D. 540 ( H 3.17, c. 434 ). bó cecha gabala, BColm. 64 . in ard-gabail-sea doníat in cuanairt `high-catching,' Acall. 7385. ? claideb crúaid ... i n-ardgabail churad bar a chlíu, TBC-LL¹ 5340 . Cf. RC xliii 82 § 84. ag gach gabháil dár gheabh `any who have conquered her,' TD 17.4 ; hence Lebor Gabála Érenn The Book of Conquests (lit. `of the taking'), MS. Mat. 578.24 . cóic gabála ... rogabad Hériu, Imr. Brain ii 286.13 = LU 1229 . faghla is gabhála Gaoidheal, TD 28.2 . Of taking and harnessing horses, etc. : a eich do gabáil do ┐ a charpat do indell, MU 4.12 . Cf. Maguires of F. § 23 . timargain dam fri a ngabail, Laws v 486.23 ; cf. 152.4 . dá chéd ngargdhamh n-gabhála plough oxen (lit. `oxen of harnessing'), Leb. Cert. 220.22 . (?) ni tharraid gabail na slabrad batar ar comlaid na slige, Rawl. 131b26 = Cymmr. xiv 104 . fuil muc oc a ngabail a cru (one of the seven bloods shed by beasts for which nothing is paid), Laws v 152.4 . For legal phr. lám gabálae see lám II (b).

In concrete sense : booty ; spoil ; a captive : iar torachtain cáich cona gabáil, LU 5393 . ocht ngabala fichet tucc Donnchadh leis, Cog. 210.17 . rangattar D. ... gusan ngabhail leó, AFM ii 878.14 . 1090.3 . bar mná ... iarna mbreith a ngabalaib ┐ a ndaeraib as captives and bondswomen (?), Alex. 214 . A catch : iasgaire ... gēbaid sē a lāngabāil, ZCP x 345 § 5 ; cf. Luke v 9 . A gag, a check : gabail for tengthaib `a gag on tongues' (one of the punishments of hell), RC iv 252.23 , 24 .

(c) holding, occupying, maintaining ; fortifying : do gabáil in chalaid risin coblach, LL 224b22 ( TTr. 545 ). foroprait ar g.¤ in dúnaid, TFerbe 222 . LL 276a33 . fouair in Troi n-osluici cen neach aga diten nach ga gabail, 398b28 . nipsa chúsa gabála lis, LU 9325 . do ghabhail na conaire coitchinne (i.e. to occupy the common road against the enemy), AFM vi 2276.x . do chuir in iustís locht a gabhála inti (of a place taken by military force), O'Gr. Cat. 9.16 (= RC xlii 302.5 ).

(d) reserving, reservation (?) of land for cropping , in phrases like cluain gabála, gl. herbagium, Ir. Gl. 723 . ní cluain ghabhāla grās Dē, RIA Cat. 4.10 . don aengurt gabala, `grazing-field (?),' Lism. L. 2866 . ocht fichit bó a férgort gabala, Acall. 2069. 2309 . 4181 . 7602 . 7970 . Cf. (?) ar fheurghort gabhla, Tor. Dh. Oss. 60.27 (Oss. iii). mes na caille gabhála, O'D. 748 ( H 3.17, c. 63 -4) = O'D. 2202 ( Nero A vii, f. 140a ). crim .i. a caill gabala `in an appropriated wood,' Laws v 474.15 gloss. ; ib. 30 . im crand ngabala bis i ndithrib, i 202.2 = O'Curry 2683 ( Eg. 88, f. 58 (59) b ). férbrug gabala, Acall. 4179 , 7292 . Levying (?) : g s. in phrase bó gabála a cow levied as a due : (things that may be alienated from the `fine') ni sanntar ni seacha fine ... acht ... forcomal chis flatha i cain aicillne ... no boin gabala nothing is alienated without consent of the fine, save security for the lord's rent, in the law of base clientship ... or a cow levied as a due, Laws v 442.24 . An leg. bó ingabála ? Cf. tiumnaigther uad ... co ructar bó ingabála dia fuiririud (sic leg.), i 136.2 Comm. dlighidh saerbiathad deisi ┐ boin lethgabala `... a cow of the second quality' (i.e. that is worth half of the legal levy), iv 350.26 Comm. bo gabhála da gach creich, Fen. 134.11 .

(e) taking, passing, going (a road, etc.): techt co Sipra ┐ can gabáil co Ródus, Maund. 37 . ac gabáil na ndorus fria thaebh entering by the side doors, Marco P. 77 . gan an t-eolus sin do gabhail not to take that route, BCC § 233 . fear gabhála `a wayfaring man,' Judges xix 17 . lucht gabāla na sligedh, Fl. Earls 88.20 . coblach do Grécaib do gabáil i purt Ségi, LL 224b18 ( TTr. 542 ). cuan ghabhala landing place, CF 90.

(f) singing, reciting : na trí cóicait do gabáil, Ériu i 196.7 . do gabail cepoce ... immum, Sc.M² 19.11 . gabail n-ecnairci, Mon. Tall. § 18 . fear ag gabháil dúaine duit, IGT Decl. ex. 683 . sailm tra in tan gabar, cech la gabail dib i sessom, araile i ssuide, Rule of Tallaght § 22 . By extension, of that which is sung, recited : is hí and cétna gabal lais otha beatus corrici domine quis , Mon. Tall. § 31 . Cf. § 32 , and Rule of Tallaght § 99 seq.

(g) Used with various prepositions : (for meanings see gaibid). cen gabáil ar m'aicned without controlling my disposition, Mer. Uil. 243 . gabail ara fual retention of urine, Mon. Tall. § 53 . Cf. gabail foraib, ib. leighister hí ... le gabáil ar anáil, O'Gr. Cat. 193.32 . o ... na rabha aca comhang gabhala dhibh a chriche d'innrudh ... to prevent them, RC xliii 114 § 120 . ní éta gabail disside she could not be prevented, IT i 71.12 . ni edaim a ghabhail duit-se a dula I cannot prevent your going (?), RC xliii 20 § 13 . atrachtsad Laigin do gabail foraib to attack them, Anecd. i 18.1 . iar ngabail for a cetfadaib their senses being stunned, Alex. 28 . is saoth lium in bachlach ut do gabhail form ar éicin encroach on me (i.e. settle on my land), Lism. L. 2279 . ní bhaoí cumhang occa gabhail friú im aidhmhilleadh na criche `nor was he able to prevent them ...,' AFM vi 1924.20 . in días do gabáil immón n-óenfer attacking, LU 8206 ( FB § 15 ). mas tria anfot rucustar hi ┐ ata ag gabail impi tria anfot (of a false verdict) `and is adhering to it through inadvertence,' Laws iii 304.12 . gabhail impe tar gealluibh withholding it in spite of pledges, ii 70.27 Comm. as dliged in ní sin ... ┐ ní était sium gabail uime (of the payment of a tribute) they cannot withhold it, RC xliii 14 § 8 . Mairc do Priaim gabáil impe ... gan a tinnlocadh doibh tar cenn tsidha (of the Greeks demanding the surrender of Helen) Woe to Priam that he withheld her and did not give her over to them in return for peace ! King's Inns MS. 12, f. 26rb . mad ail leis connicc gabail impe a cetoir cena leccudh uadh (of a branch overhanging a neighbour's garden) he (i.e. the owner) can withhold it, O'D. 2284 ( Rawl. B 506 f. 26a ). Conn do gabail leo a n-aghaidh Hui Neill siding with them, AU iii 228.25 . Cf. TTebe 3172 . robái ... oc gabáil ac Patraic `a-holding by P.' (= supporting P.), Trip. 556.26 . gabail ic fannaib taking the part of (indulging ?) the weak, LL 371c39 . LB 151b41 . fer da tuc C. tidhnaicci móra oir ┐ indmais tar cenn gabhála aigi `for supporting him,' CCath. 535.

(h) leaven (late) : do thógaibh an pobal ... an mhin chomhchroitte, sul do cuireadh gabháil innte = antequam fermentaretur, TSh. 7753 . 'na arán ghlan, gan cumasg laibhín nó gabhála, 8910 . deocha geura gabhála sharp, fermented (?) drinks , ITS i 38.25 . Prob. = gabálta, q.v.

(i) (of a horse) carriage, bearing, posture (?): da mbia an t-ech gobard ┐ gabail granna aice if the horse is raising its snout and has an ugly bearing Celtica ii 46 § 7 . dligid ech na gab(ala crom)a beith mi-luthmar. Dligid ech na gabala airde a beith garg mer 'the horse that carries its head bent [?] should be lacking in vigour. The horse that carries its head high [?] should be fierce and giddy' 48 § 11 . See also bó-gabál, duine-gabál.

1 grellach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 grellach or dil.ie/26586

 

Forms: greallach

n ā, f. swamp, bog, loamy land, mire: greallach f., IGT Decl. § 37 . i ngrellaich Conculaind into the bog where C. was, TBC-I¹ 2183 . Fuiliarnn a ainm ina grellcha, ib. marbais Bobulge ina grellaig, TBC-LL¹ 2013 . bommann ega hi ngrellig, 3544 . gníset gleic gairb ós grellaig, Metr. Dinds. iii 372.69 . a pl. dar grellacha, LU 4688 . g pl. ailchi na ngrellach ... imon n-ath, RC xvi 72 ( Dinds. 120 ). glanadh a ngreallach (of roads), Laws iv 144.24 Comm. in n. l. corrici Grellig n-Doluid, TBC-LL¹ p. 416 n. 3 . oc Grellaigh eillti, AU i 428.17 (an. 913) . for Grellaich Sruthra, RC xvi 156 ( Dinds. 144 ).

3 imdae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 imdae or dil.ie/27435

 

Forms: imda, imda, imdae, imdae, imdae, imdad, n-imdadaib

n f. Fluctuates between and dental stem. a s. imda, Corm. Y 447. g s. imda, IT iii 464.21 . d s. imdae, TBC-I¹ 3151. g p. imdae, BDD² 880. g du. imdae, BDD² 964. g du. imdad, LU 4230. d du. úas a dib n-imdadaib , IT i 310.41 .

(a) shoulder, shoulder-blade: iomdha .i. slinnén, ni thug ó roghabh iodhna, iomdha dia chéile comhlainn .i. o do ghabh arm ni thug a shlinnén da chéile comhlainn, O'Cl. imda .i. slinnén, ut est, buí a chochall go maethan a dh[i] imdha, Ériu xiii 74 § 164. ōthā ind na lāime ... corrici ind alt fil iter in imda ┐ in maothán, Corm. Y 447. co maothan a dā imdaed (imdaid, v.l.), 1059.21 . scíath ... co túagmílaib óir úas a dib n-imdadaib, IT i 310.41 . cairemain is tornoire ... remur nimda doib (describing the different portions of meat given to the various grades), YBL 419b21 (= LL 29b40 ).

(b) hip ? these exx. may belong to (a), the gloss on BDD § 97 being, perhaps, erroneous. The instances in which hair is said to reach the imdae refer to men except that from LU 4230 where the reference is to a sudden and miraculous growth of hair. benaid braine a da imdae (.i. a da less) (of hair), BDD § 97. folt ... fair co sniged co brainni a imda, IT iii 464.40 ní tharnic ... do neoch ... dercad furri in tan rosiacht áth a da himdad in folt ... ro asair furri (of a miraculous growth of hair), LU 4230. fithisi oir im cach ṅdual dia fult conici chlar a da imdai, YBL 118a40 . claideb ōrduirn iarna imdae, TBC-I¹ 3151.

imm-derga

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imm-derga or dil.ie/27806

 

Forms: imdergaid, imaderga, imdergthar, imderg, imdergga, imdergthar, imdercfat, ronimdergus, ronimderg, imdercad, rohimdergad

v Mid. Ir. imdergaid. Indic. pres. s. 3 rel. imaderga, Laws v 383.3 . pass. imdergthar, LU 10901. ipv. s. 2 nacham imderg , LU 8496 (FB). subj. pres. s. 3 imdergga, ZCP xi 84 § 35. pass. corot imdergthar , LU 4233. fut. pl. 3 ni imdercfat , Lib. Hymn. i 65.8 . pret. s. 1 ronimdergus, RC viii 154 § 5. s. 3 ronimderg, Metr. Dinds. ii 74.35 . pass. imdercad, Mon. Tall. 150.20 . rohimdergad, Ériu viii 157.26 .

(a) reddens, makes red: abbair fris, ní ranna ar (ar om., c.l.) airlissi imdergga ar is dórtud cacha flatha fírinne fuilige for lár `er soll nicht Teile des Gehöftes röten,' ZCP xi 84 § 35 (tr. p. 103 § 35 n. ). fuche (=fuiche) a fuco .i. ón ruamnae .i. ara minco imdergtair, O'Mulc. 551. no imdergtha in cend indara fecht ┐ ro bánta in fecht aile, RC viii 62.5 .

(b) causes to blush, puts to shame: ma roiderctar (leg. roimdergthar, Ed.) a brathair riam no ma imbántar `if his brother turns red or pale before him,' Ériu vii 168 § 13. nachanimderg ... is anfis dō `do not shame him,' Ériu viii 157.19 . tuca Día friss ... corot imdergthar ind i fiadnaisi fer nErend that thou be disgraced for it, LU 4233. imdercad corrici a ucht `he blushed down to his breast,' Mon. Tall. 150.20 . rohimdergad iarum intī Eochaid `then Eochu was put to shame,' Ériu viii 157.26 . in te nar haerad ┐ nar himdergad um or na um ilmainib riam, Tromd. Guaire 255. fer ... nar imderg nech riam fa biad, Ann. Conn. 1307 § 9. ní náir imdergfa a n-aighthi, IGT Decl. ex. 236.

In the sense blushes generally used in pass. with imm (um, fa): imdergthar im Etain la sodain. "ná imdergthar imut" for Midir "ni drochbanas duit-siu," LU 10901 - 2 . ro himdheargadh im Gorthigern ┐ rogabh fearg adhbol, BB 210a41 . do himdergadh am Fer Dh. aga faicsin `F.D. blushed,' ZCP x 293.1 . do himdergadh go mor fa ghnúis nairigh na hingin `the maiden's modest face blushed deeply,' Ériu v 84.14 . do himdergadh imon ceand the head blushed, RC xxiv 64 § 26. imdergthair uimpe ┐ ba caemh in ruidhiudh gnuisi tainic di, Aen. 2926. gur himdergad im in árdbaile `the stronghold was put to the blush i.e. made red with flames,'. Caithr. Thoirdh. 29.17 .

(c) reproaches, rebukes, taunts, reviles: trans. aithisigh, imdhearg, orbhir, ... Reprove , Eg. Gl. 11. nacham ail nacham imderg, LU 8496 (FB). roimderg ┐ roaithisigh in t-imper ingin righ Albun, ZCP vi 277.1 . mo anmchara féin ... ro n-imderggus `whom I rebuked,' RC viii 154 § 5. ronimderg ... ronglam ... he taunted him ... he reviled him ..., Metr. Dinds. ii 74.35 . imdhearg beathach an ghiolcuidh `rebuke the wild beast of the reeds,' Psalms lxviii 30. go nimdhearga an Tighearna thú `the Lord rebuke you,' Jude 9 . imdheargfuidh do shleamhnughadh tar hais thú `thy backslidings shall reprove thee,' Jeremiah ii 19. mar a n-imdheargann Dia an peacthach as God reproaches the sinner, TSh. 1340. fá sin d'imdheargadar é go dána `they boldly reproached him for it,' Donlevy 128.21 .

Intrans. ró imdherg L. um Coin C., TBC-LL¹ p. 555 n. 3 (=ro gab L. ag griosadh agus ag glámadh C., text).

imrót

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imrót or dil.ie/28056

 

n (2 imm (or ? 1 imm) + rót): bīd imrōt rēid ōthā ind ētan corrici in clais in dā chuladh (of a kind of baldness, or tonsure ), Corm. Y 1091. See 1 rót.

imspeilp, imspelp

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imspeilp, imspelp or dil.ie/28108
Last Revised: 2019

 

n (speilp (b)) the name of a kind of tonsure. imspelip (imspeilp, imspelp, v.ll.) .i. bīd folt cechtar na dā lethc[h]end ┐ bīd imrōt rēid ōthā ind ētan corrici in clais in dā chuladh, Corm. Y 1091.

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