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adblam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adblam or dil.ie/366

adj o, ā (* ad-fo-lam, GOI § 837 ). ready, prompt: is a.¤ .i. is reid foglaim in besgnai gl. ratio ad intellegendum prona, Ml. 14c11 . menma a.¤ . . . fri cech ndethidin gl. prumtus animus, 53c18 . cosind óincheill as réil ┐ as adblom as obvious(?), 37a10 . onaib adblomaib gl. pronís. 79a4 , trian a cirthu a.¤ a third of wool ready combed (for spinning) (of the rights of a separated wife), Stud. in E. Ir. Law 36 § 15 . Compar. mór ní bes nadblamu foir ar sóirad `readier' (gl. multo magis), Wb. 2d14 .

ad-roilli

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-roilli or dil.ie/558

Forms: ad-roilliu, as-roilli, -airilli, ad-roilli, as-roilli, atroilli, attroilli, asidroilli, isatroilli, -áirilli, as-roillet, assidroillet, ad-rollat, -airillet, adidroillither, -airiller, -airle, as-roillea, as-roillem, roairlem, rosairillem, -airillid, atroillet, -arillet, -airillet, as-rollfe, ataroillife, araillfa, adidroillifet, as-roilli, asndaroilli, asroairli, asroilli, asindroillissem, -arilsem, -arilsid, adroilliset, atroillisset, assidroillisset, adidroillisset, asidroilliset, assidroilliset, -arillset, -arilset, -áirillset, -airilset, as-roilled, airillte, airílte, airilti, airilte, airílti, airiltib, airillti, áirilliud, áiriltiu, atroillid

v (* ad-ro-slí-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 630 ). On substitution of as- for ad- in pretonic position, see GOI p. 496 . Indic. pres. 1 s. ad-roilliu, Ml. 75a11 . 2 s. as-roilli, 130b8 . -airilli, 55d13 . 3 s. ad-roilli, 61a20 . as-roilli, atroilli, 51d12 . attroilli, Wb. 2d13 . In rel. position with inf. pron. asidroilli, O'Dav. 225 ; isatroilli, O'Curry 2255 (Eg. 88, 18(19)d). -áirilli, Ml. 84c13 . 3 pl. as-roillet, 40a4 . assidroillet, 54d6 . ? ad-rollat, LU 8954 . -airillet, Ml. 40c12 . Pass. sg. adidroillither, Rawl. 125b32 . Subj. pres. 1 s. -airiller, LB 191b13 . 2 s. ? -airle, Fél. 154.17 . 3 s. as-roillea, Ml. 107b6 . 1 pl. as-roillem, Thes. ii 349.6 (Hy. v). ad-roillem, SR 8385 . roairlem, Ériu ii 144 § 162 . rosairillem, Three Hom. 46 . 2 pl. -airillid, Ml. 115b9 . 3 pl. atroillet, -arillet, Wb. 31c23 . -airillet, Ml. 90c2 . Fut. 2 s. as-rollfe, Sg. 66b19 . 3 s. ataroillife, Ériu ii 128 § 95 . ? araillfa, Laws ii 98. 28 Comm. 3 pl. adidroillifet, Ml. 61a20 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. as-roilli, Ml. 111b28 . asndaroilli, 124d7 . asroairli (.i. asroilli ), RC xxi 382.8 . 1 pl. asindroillissem, Ml. 119d8 . -arilsem, Wb. 20d14 . 2 pl. -arilsid, 21a17 . 3 pl. adroilliset, 4c35 . atroillisset, c15 ; Ml. 46d9 . assidroillisset, adidroillisset, 61b17 . asidroilliset, 77a15 . assidroilliset, Wb. 17a9 . -arillset, 4c39 . -arilset, 4d10 . -áirillset, Ml. 114c9 . -airilset, 54d9 . Pass. sg. as-roilled, Ml. 122b13 . Part. airillte, Ml. 61a20 . airílte, 122b13 . airilti (gl. debitam), 56c6 ; airilte, 113b3 . ind airílti (gl. meriti), 61b17 . airiltib (gl. meritis), a19 . Part. of necess. airillti, Ml. 22d22 . Vn. áirilliud, áiriltiu. Later as simple vb. atroillid and áiriltnigid, q.v.

Deserves, is entitled to: ní arilset geinti a fírianugud `the gentiles have not deserved to be justified', Wb. 4d10 . don argat dobeirt[h]i i cís d'Fomorib atroille ainmniugud i.e. it gets its name from the silver given as tax to the Fomorians, Corm. Y 304 . cren dímsa m'ingin dochum fognuma duit, ar atrolleset a (m)besa, Irish Texts i 5 § 13 `for her manners have deserved it', Ir. Hist. Stud. i 124 . do neoch atroille iffernd díb, LU 1404 . duilgine cac aesa danu adroille duilgine who deserves remuneration, Laws v 264.15 . la biathad ninnraic adroille in gradh, Ériu xii 18 § 21 . ni agarur nach cintuch acht do roith logh fiach adroillithur, Laws ii 14 .y ( .i. ro hairelltnigedh do dlestin do cintuch, 16.3 Comm. ). diablad fiach nech atroille[d], 98.15 ( adruillter, O'Curry 2721 (Eg. 88, 61 (62)b). cunic in cintuch cin a tabuirt a bfiachuibh . . . acht araillfa dono, Laws ii 98.28 `if only he be entitled to do so', Plummer MS. notes. ?nis nellne a baes .i. nís airle ni dia baís that he does not incur anything by his folly, iii 56.14 Comm. mairg immorro asroairli (as-roilli v.l.) assa churp fessin in falti sin diabuil, RC xxi 382.8 . gach aon . . . atruilles . . . bāss d'f[h]aghāil, Fl. Earls 70.26 . co ro airiller rochtain parrthais, LB 191b13 . fodail na pían cosind lín ataroillife, Ériu ii 128 § 95 . ni farcbad nech cen dire . . . act inti adroille olc asa besaibh, Ériu xii 44 § 56 . adroillem adaittrebam / oentaid aingel cech tratha, SR 8385 . amhail asad-roillfea gach buasach bíaidh, Ériu xiii 22.30 (= asidroilli, O'Dav. 225 ).

airdech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airdech or dil.ie/1815
Last Revised: 2019

n ā, f. See LEIA and Thurn., ZCP viii 70-2 . cup, vessel: creitir .i. sīthal nō ardig nō tulchuba, Corm. Y 392 . creither .i. a.¤ . . . .i. lán ut dicitur dodailed fim i creithir .i. fín i n-ardhigh, H 3.18 67a (cited O'Dav. 353 ), cf. do daile fimm i crethir, etc., O'D. 2216 (Nero A vii 148b). cia dia-tiberthæ ind a.¤ cosin dergḟlaith, ZCP xx 220 § 9 . cia forsindailfidher ind airdeog óir-si cosind ḟlaith? 222 § 12 . dorat . . . loim do neim isin n-airdig, Trip.² 543 . co torchair isin n-airdig n-óir ro boí for láim mná Etair, LU 10650 . aibinn cach airdige ┐ cach lestar fodlai, Laws v 406.26 , 408.5 . tancas ó Ch. 'na díaid co n-airdig meda il-lestur argait, RC xiv 426.y ( LL 12973 ). doradadh do (= dá or dí) ardigh do nua fina for in adnucul ┐ do airdigh ele do lemnacht, Aen. 962 . tic . . . nathair . . . etir na hairdiogha ┐ na telchuma, 965 . ro gab . . . érdig ina láim, PH 1190 .

In legal phrase rath tar airdig, precise meaning uncertain: uii. n-uasalchuru nadat assai do thaithbiuch . . . rath dar airdig `seven high contracts which it is not possible to rescind . . . a grant for extra services(?)', Ériu xvii 66 § 7 (see notes). dilis do ceilib . . . seoit turcluide ┐ rath tar airdig acht fris-rognat a flaithe, ZCP xiv 362 § 22 ( Laws ii 226 ). cia ferthar rath tar airdigh .i. cia ernithar imarcrad ratha don cele ar in urain dighe, O'Dav. 979 . rath tar airdigh, ZCP xiii 23.6 ( Bürgschaft 11 § 34 ).

See eredech, áradach.

2 án

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 án or dil.ie/3242
Last Revised: 2013

adj o, ā. See O'Rahilly, EIHM 286 ff. Pokorny, Jn. Celt. Stud. i 129 - 130 . I fiery, bright, glowing: saigtea ana gl. sagitas . . . ardentes, Ml. 24c3 . cosind saigit áin, 133a4 . ar licc áin tentidi, TBC-LL¹ 3384 . Appar. also in compd. derc (= derg?)-á.¤ : for licc dercain, RC xi 444.25 . amal sladar iasc mbrec for licc dergáin co sústaib iarind, LU 8655 ( FB 48 ). uaim ifirn áin fiery(?), Ériu ii 229 § 6 . grían á.¤ (or similar phrase) frequ. used of a person: ān grīan grīssach / goires brēoda B., Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 15 . in grían á.¤ (of Moling), Fél. June 17 . lassar gréne áne (of St. Patrick), Mar. 17. Cf. Senac[h] á.¤ mar oebill, Gorm. Feb. 11 . Perh. also: buidne ana do ainglib shining(?), LU 1993 ( FA 6 ). áes án bright (or splendid) folk applied to otherworld people and synonymous with áes síde: aes á.¤ nó sithc[h]aire, O'Dav. 1600 . do brigh go millthighe leisan aois áin (sic) no leisna siodh-bhruighibh gach mac, BNnÉ 164.4 . Cf. poc aosáin `a fairy stroke', RC iv 178 .

In more general sense as eulogistic adj. brilliant, splendid, glorious: an .i. uasal, O'Cl. hān flaith for Temair, Ériu xvi 147.15 . dend Eoganacht áin sin, Fél. Oct. 20 . Ailill á.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 483 . a Emer á.¤ folt-buide, LU 3946 ( SCC 44 ). it āna ind ōic, TBC-I¹ 165 . ni rubaim níth n-erred n-á.¤ , LU 6230 (TBC). gillai óca ána airegda, MU² 74 . co trebur co caomar cembedha ana airccecha, O'D. 2201 ( Nero A vii, 140a ). amais ana immglicca, Alex. 3 . Of a place: Emain á.¤ , LL 7515 . Ailbhe Imligh áin, Cog. 96.27 . Of water: ri c[ria]thras usce n-an n-úar, SR 41 . for in n-ocian n-ucht-lethan n-á.¤ , Auraic. 5353 . Very frequ. as epithet of Ireland: ōs Ēirinn āin, Bruchst. 56 § 125 . Hérend áine, Metr. Dinds. iv 150.8 , etc. Of feats, games: co clessaib ana, TBC-LL¹ 1851 . na cleasa ána iolordha, ITS xxiv 46.34 . bá há.¤ aircech aibind nobítis láith gaile . . . isin tig sin, LU 10131 . Of speech , etc. mad sulbair ┐ mad á.¤ in precept `brilliant', Wb. 8a5 . ba suī, ba ān, ba airdirc, Bruchst. 41 § 7 . ogh-briathra ána, MR 160.7 .

Appar. also swift, speedy (see O'Rahilly loc. cit. and p. 517 ): for a ndíb neachaibh ána udmalla, AFM vi 1920.18 . rogres a eochu ana athloma, TTebe 2862 . fer á.¤ athlamh, TBC-LL¹ 5324 . am tren, am an, am athlum, IT i 141.19 . confacatar na cet[h]a ana imtroma ┐ na casrac[h]a ana imluat[h]a, CCath. 4953 . tucadar cuir ana athluma d'aroile, CF 491 . Hence in glossaries: a.¤ .i. luath ut est airgiu ána .i. it luatha do airrechtain, O'Dav. 13 . a.¤ .i. ésgaid no luath, O'Cl. fir conoencosaibh ana (.i. luatha) (: lāna), Leb. Gab.(i) 52.1 .

Compar. is áiniu dúibsi a n-asbiursa `it is nobler for you what I say', Wb. 5a10 . dírimm bas choímiu ná bess áiniu, TBFr. 47 . ? is edh doberiud bruith isna hōgaib no-gontais ann, comtar aniu iarnauārach, RC xii 94 § 123 . co nād būi i fēin Find [fer] bad áiniu ┐ bad escaidiu ō sain [im]mach `swifter', Four Songs 22.7 .

Superl. is é rí as ánem ┐ as ordnidhem . . . tánic in domun uile, BDD² 1070 . In phrase in tan ba háinem (do) x when x was at the height of his performance, at his best: intan ba hánem dó, BDD 109 . in tan tra ba h-aínium doib beith for sin luindi sin when their anger was at its fiercest, BB 437b26 . an tan ba háinemh dona Gallaibh foran abairt atrubhramor, Hugh Roe 36.11 (fo. 10a) . an tan bá h-aínemh dóibh isuidhe `when they were here making merry', AFM v 1862.17 . Compar. used as superl.: in tráth rop ániu doib oc ól when their feast was at its height, LL 14637 . intan ba haniu flaith Cuirc hi Caisiul, Anecd. iii 59.30 . in tan tra b'aine in gleo sin when that noise was at its height, Aen. 2830 . in tan tra ba h-aine ic tafann na fiadmil, 727 . in tan ba haine do o[c] cathugadh fri lucht na long, BB 419a8 .

Adv. gabait ar a ól co h-á.¤ , LL 207b15 . go hā.¤ , ZCP viii 115 § 28 . nert Erenn ni gab co han, Fen. 64.19 . ? ro gerradh . . . co roan .i. co ro-luath, Leb. Gab.(i) 102 n.2 .

II As subst. glory, splendour, etc. orgin. o, n. ni ain something of splendour, Auraic. 1585 . Aimirgen indse Gáedel / ar n-ór, ar n-á.¤, ar n-óebel `our glory', Ériu iv 136.18 . As o, m. splendid person: gach á.¤ is éigeas, Keat. ii 1752 ( BB 43a 56 ).

Compds. ? ¤-bó: caeca an bó a hO. ` fine cows ', Leb. Cert. 64.1 . ¤-breó bright flame , Fél. June 2 . ¤-chainnel bright torch: da ánchaindil gascid Gaedel, TBC-LL¹ 3771 ( LL 10730 ) = anch., 3769 ( 10729 ). ? ¤-chend: doluid Eocho anchend ed, LL 375a28 (no rhyme). la hEochaid Ānchend, ZCP xi 65 § 16 . ¤-ḟer: bītis āinfir (: fáilid) maille frim glorious men, Ériu ii 95 § 4 . ¤-loise: dā ānloise `splendid flames' (of heroes), TBC-I¹ 3313 . ¤-rí splendid king: Maicc Cairpri, cāine ānrīg, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 18 § 2 . ¤-spirut: án spirut nóeb nert nime `splendid holy spirit', Thes. ii 351.2 (Hy. vi). ? ¤tengthaid clear spokesman: antengtaid ardafeith 'it is a clear spokesman who tends it' Peritia v 88 (k) . ? feithem fri hantenguidh timgair gell comgrad 'attending to the clear spokesman who summons the pledge of those of equal rank' CIH vi 2223.4 , Peritia v 104 .

as-ingaib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. as-ingaib or dil.ie/4443

v (* ess-in-gaib, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 529 ).

(a) goes beyond; surpasses, exceeds: cosind epert asingaib méit `that exceeds quantity', Ml. 23a13 . asingaibside mod as choir do thabairt diglae (cf. ultra mensuram in Comm.), 57d16 . epert asingaib fir inso, 89d8 . a.¤ .i. is huilliu in trocaire oldatae ar n-airilltin-ni, 131a6 . a.¤ gl. excedit, 144d1 . acht asringba óen `provided it exceed one', Sg. 71a2 . arna esngaba mod á cuindrech, Ml. 22c8 . ciasingbat árim déṡillabche compariti ┐ superlati, Sg. 44b3 . asringbus gl. excedissem, Ml. 130b4 . asringaib gl. excedisse, Ml. 32d8 . huasringai b corp fulach inna fochodo `when the endurance of suffering has passed beyond the body', 22d9 . aras-rimgaib (leg. as-ringaib, ed.) in fili dama [asa thig] because the `fili' has exceeded the right number of company, ZCP xv 334 § 26 ( xvi 222 ). asringabsat gl. exceserant, Ml. 113d8 . nad resngabsat gl. non excidisse, 122d8 .

(b) goes forth from, defects(?): fer dono ciasingbu as a gradh, Laws i 62.24 ( O'Dav. 1131 ). fer . . . ciasingba as a ngradaib ni fairben log enech a mna, Laws v 516.26 .

(c) Meaning doubtful: asingaib [rudrad] fir fithiu, Laws v 496.3 .i. berar as na tighi fithi doronta forsan tir, O'Dav. 1131 . acht ciasingbat anta la ruirtiu crich `though they lessen the periods of stay', Laws ii 110.15 .

? Vn. ni helod, ni hesgabail, ni hecoir . . ., O'Curry 739 (H 3. 18, 353b). Part. anas nesngabthi (leg. -e) incorp gl. excesso corpore, Ml. 22d9 .

athchumma

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athchumma or dil.ie/4738

[io, n.] vn. of ad-cuimben.

(a) act of cutting, wounding, maiming: cauteria .i. aithchumbe, Wb. 1b21 . iarna aithchumbu hí croich, Thes. ii 254.2 (Stowe M.). figor ind aithchummi (athcumai v.l., LB 251a67 ) cosind lágin in oxil in tuib deiss, 3 (ib.). adcumbe carnis gl. concissionem, Wb. 23d22 . míach murlúatha fri haithchumba[e] n-áige dia chethrai, Críth G. 190 . ? hi cuic cumbui .i. cumbu cuicdi insin .i. cuic aithcumme, ar is athchume do neoch in cin, O'Curry 811 (H 3.18, 375a). hic athcumai ind sheisir, AU i 96.11 . is fáebur do a.¤ , LU 2449 . na naídin filet ocá n-athchuma, 2207 ( FA 28 ). athcumba ō bīastaib, Cáin Ad. 42 . eisce ┐ beo-athcuma atcuimen corp, O'D. 868 (H 3.17, 621). athcuma do chon lomnai, Laws i 232.3 . mad beo athcuma cethra, iii 356.19 . tech bo airech . . . a aithchuma fora aursain, O'Curry 810 (H 3.18, 374b). roghabhsat ag tinmhe ┐ ag trēn-a.¤ aroile (of warriors), ZCP xiv 244.11 . do letrad ┐ a.¤ in tshloig, Alex. 567 . atconnairc . . . a ec[h]rada ar n-a n-athcoma do coin Domnaill `mangled by D.'s dog', Celt. Rev. iv 116.29 . bunneda borbba . . . icabar n-a.¤ , LL 238b35 ( TTr. 1623 ). daringni athchomma forru, 225a51 (ib. 602 ). marb Mac Con di athchumu died of wounds, Fianaig. 40.4 . claidmi . . . fri hatchuma cnes, Cog. 112.17 .

(b) act of refashioning, reshaping (cf. cummae): in t-ainm roime a rí Chunga / maith fuarais é d'athchuma, O'Gr. Cat. 402.31 . gur cuireadh í i n-athchuma (of a deserted house), DDána 116.2 . dá bhur nathchuma féin risna hainmiánuibh `fashioning yourselves', 1 Peter i 14 .

2 co

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 co or dil.ie/9787

Forms: cu, ca, go, cosind, cossin, cusan, cus-in, cosnaib, gusna, com, cut, cot, cona, cua, co, co, conar, cono, conu, cona, condaib

prep., nasalizing, with dat. See GOI 274 , 503 . Perh. in complementary distribution with la, 495 . Also cu ( Ml. 94b11 , PH 132 ). ca, ZCP xi 109 § 16 . In later lang. go ( gu, i 408.2 ). With len. ch- (see GOI 111 ), Wb. 13a26 , Ml. 35d17 . With art. cosind , 133a4 ; cossin, TBC-I¹ 454 ; cusan, Anecd. i 4.21 ( SCano 106 ); cus-in, PH 1412 . cosnaib, Ml. 37a10 ; gusna, Ériu v 20.7 . With poss. com, Fél. Ep. 52 , TBFr. 364 . cut, Wb. 10a29 , cot, Blathm. 230 . In 3 pers. cona passim (later gona, Ériu i 24.135 etc.). Perh. also in: cua rǽr, Ml. 100b16 (oc ?), co rigid with his arm, TBC-I¹ 424 (cá, LU), co a ndibad, Laws iv 44.16 Comm. (1 co ?). With rel. Part. an talamh go n-a dtig de, DDána 37.30 . conar mhair, Stair Erc. 1182 . Rare with pron. suff.: 3 s. m. cono, BCrólige 39 . neut. conu, ZCP viii 310.24 . ?cona as well, Todd Nenn. 144. 152 . 3 pl. condaib, Auraic. 954 . Occas. with accus.: co llín n-ingen, LU 8714 ( FB 53 ). co . . . noemu, PH 3941 etc. go ndícheall ndofhaisnéise, TSh. 1852 . See Magauran 1010 n.

With , most freq. with words indicating accompaniment, attendant circumstances, etc., less freq. of instrument. In uses 2 and 3 somet. with additional preposition limiting the meaning.

1 Glossing Lat. cum: cosin taidbse il gl. cum multa ostensione, Ml. 30b11 . Wb. 28c19 , 30a26 ; Tur. 127 ; Ml. 23a13 , 26d10 , Sg. 39a2 . Note also: conoén guth gl. ex eadem uoce, Sg. 203b12 .

2 With nouns indicating persons (together) with, accompanied by, and ; massu cut séitchi ro cretis, Wb. 10a29 . Saul cona muntair, Ml. 30a3 . 26a8 . 34a22 . 55c1 . as tu cot mac, Blathm. 230 . co maccaib flaithi fer nÉrenn impu, BDD² 205. 469 . C. . . . cona tri nonbaraib, RC vi 174.9 . co-m brathrib, PH 1072 .

3 With nouns indicating objects with, having, carrying, etc.: na tri druide co ndanoibh `bearing gifts', Blathm. 12 . dobert C. for a bois cona luingin `together with his boat', RC vi 183.5 . ó B. . . . / co cétaib cúan, Ériu iv 152.25 . With additional prep.: sengobi cona indeuin fora muin, Mon. Tall. 184.4 . .lll. ngabar ... cona trí coectaib srían . . . friu, BDD² 466 . fer . . . co n-oenṡúil lais, 1351 . gabail (a s.) . . . co cethri cennaib forri, TBC-LL¹ 710 . caisslēn . . . gusin ruibēr ar n-a chomhtharraing 'n-a mhōirthimchioll, Fl. Earls 40.7 .

4 With nouns of less concrete meaning (together) with, provided with, and: dofil Crist cona soscelu, Wb. 4d29 . 26a18 . co pecad in popuil (the scapegoat), Tur. 110c . a laithe . . . cosnaib gnimaib . . . gniter and, Ml. 21c3 . adiecta cona n-ilmrechtrud, Sg. 29b6 . sum conáballib, 193b8 . 209b28 . niurt gene Crist cona bathius, Thes. ii 354.30 . cond neoch noduslen `together with the part which follows', Mon. Tall. 129.2 . sē bliadna . . . co mbloidh do blíadain, ZCP viii 111.27 . lá go n-oidhche, Ir. Review 1912, 517 § 1 . san ló go n-oídhche, Párl. na mB. 3554 . See 1 cet (151.55), leth (L 130.75).

5 With vnn. and similar words indicating the attendant circumstances of an action: bad samlith sulbairichthe co n-etarceirt gl. qui loquitur . . . oret ut interpretetur, Wb. 12d8 . co tabairt taebadh friu `trusting to them', Laws iv 74.22 Comm. gin tairgsin dlighi . . . go tairgsin dlighi, 234.21 Comm. acht mina gabad co fresabra unless he took it (the kingship) with opposition, RC xxiv 202.13 . meabhaidh maidhm forra gusan tenn ┐ gusan tairisiomh baoi leo in spite of, Hugh Roe² 166.1 .

6 Freq. with abstract etc. forming adjectival phrase: cosmulius co n-écsamlus gl. per hominem mors . . . per hominem resurrectio mortuorum, Wb. 13b25 . imbresna co lluindi gl. pugnas uerborum, 29b6 . 27c6 . guth formúigthe co trummai thinfid heavily aspirated, Sg. 9b18 . Ml. 30d18 . 37a10 . 92b10 . lasa senadh condimbrigh `the ignoble assembly', Blathm. 52 . do intliucht co saichi `a bad under- standing', Fél. Prol. 298 . fer corrath `a man of grace', Mon. Tall. 131.26 . ro bámarni . . . co cátaid acut you held me in esteem, LU 3917 ( SCC 43 ). ataí co ngalur ḟúail you are suffering from, Sc.M² 13 . P. . . . co llí, ZCP viii 107.16 . atā . . . in mac-caillech co n-idnaib in labour, KMMisc. 210.3 . ri . . . co fill a treacherous king, Stair Erc. 434 .

7 Similarly after verbs with adverbial force: is co [m]burpi asbéram na aill diar ṅgnímaib, gl. ut minus sapiens dico, Wb. 17c23 . co nhuailbetaid gl. tumultuarie, Ml. 63b8 . 124c2 . co llondas gl. dedignanter, 130a9 . Cf. Wb. 6c6 . 13a1 . .27 . in spirut . . . di-ar snádud co solma / ar gábud, Lib. Hymn. 159.7 . mad cumscaidech co ndeithbire justifiably, Laws iv 62. 12 Comm. do ēirigh sūas co sotla arrogantly, ZCP viii 220.25 . go bhfios damhsa, is mór etc., TSh. 1101 `to my knowledge, I am sure,' Gloss.

8 Of instrument with, by means of, through: co mbreic ┐ togais gl. disimulat, Ml. 61a6 . dia goin cosin laighin, Blathm. 55 . ? cocorib gl. congruentibus (uerbis), Enchir. Aug. 81a ( ZCP vii 483 ). frisinle in coin cona dib lāmaib, TBC-I¹ 523 . co torchair .l. leis cona fhiaclaib killed 50 with his teeth, RC iii 181.35 . madia ndeicennaigter e gus an creic loige ita do reir dligid `if this be purchased for the price which is prescribed according to law', Laws iv 214.13 Comm. rogell si cona luga she promised on her oath, FDG 663 .

1 do-ingair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 do-ingair or dil.ie/17903

Forms: dingarthæ, domringarta, dingrae

v (* di-in-gair-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 535 , Wortk. 209 ).

(a) calls (by a name): issed in dara hainm déc ó ndingarar Críst la Ebraide one of the eleven names by which Christ is called, Corm. Y 750 . conid treda i ndiṅgarar, RC xx 250.3 (ACC). is aire id bo-aire doningairter, O'Curry 882 ( H 3.18 395a ). conid o anmannaib na mban sin doingartatar a cenéla, Rawl. 155b47 . co ndingerthar . . . Brigeoit, 125b18 . Part. dingarthæ gl. appellati, Ml. 93b7 .

In the follg. perh. confused with perf. of do-im(m)gair: domringarta a gabais mo (u)opair ┐ aspered frim . . . `I was watched' ( entreated ?), RC xii 64 § 29 (2 do-ingair?). daringart . . . dig cosind ingin called to the girl for a drink, ZCP viii 310.7 .

Vn. dingrae.

escrimm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. escrimm or dil.ie/20483

Forms: escrim, escrimmim, n-escrime, escrimi

n m, n. trappings, accoutrement (apparently a comprehensive term, including general appearance, attire and arms and in some cases mount and trappings of steed): n s. maith a blath-som ┐ a escrim lée-si, YBL 211b8 . TBC-LL¹ p. 815 n. in esgrim boi im na macaib...itir ech ┐ srian ┐ etach ┐ delge, IT ii2 194.142 YBL, (= in ecusc, Eg.). d s. dotaircibe huaim-si...caeco escrimi do escrimmim sidi 190.40 Eg. co tucthar ni do etuch duit ┐ do escrimimm sidi ZCP iv 32x (= de ascedaib side, LL 248a27 ). foruasnaisiut in dunud huili cossind eiscrimmimm sin (of accoutrements adorned with gold and gems) IT iii 238.110 . docomlat as fon escrimm sin do Cruachnuib Ai, IT ii2 191.66 Eg. = cosind eiscrim sin YBL. g s. re hiongantacht a n-escrime (itir deilbh) ┐ deceltaibh, TBC-LL¹ 5631 St (possibly g p.; cf. caeco escrimi , IT ii2 190 , cited above). escraim .i. greim n-esi [sic leg. Meyer, Wortk. 170 ] luirc nó catha, O'Mulc. 454 .

guin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. guin or dil.ie/26798
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: guin, goin

i, n. vn. of gonaid (later f., guin goin, IGT Decl. § 42 ).

I the act of wounding or slaying by wounding ; a wound : a nguin cosind saigit áin, Ml. 133a4 . gae gona éisc `a spear for killing fish,' Sg. 37b20 . ar bádud ar guin, Thes. ii 357.12 . nith .i. guin duine, Thr. Ir. Gl. p. 31 . nad-raba cen guin duini ... cach ōenlaithi, Sc.M² 16 . ba fer[r] búaid a n-anacail oldás buaid a ngona, BDD § 96 . folaimtis a guin cacha fechtais no theigead `they would almost kill him ...,' ib. § 19 . fobith gono Fergusso, AU i 90.12 (an. 617) . guin Flainn Aenaig, ib. i 106.18 (an. 643) . ní maith ra loṅgis Ulad | guin a meic, TBC-LL¹ 2793 . Orláb mac Ailella ... do guin, ib. 1431 . itó-sa lín do gona ┐ t'airlig, ib. 434 . mairg cách ... | ro lámair a ṅguinsom, Fél. Prol. 58 . guin chuirp tre esce, Laws ii 34.3 Comm. im guin no im gait for a tuathaib, ib. iv 52.2 Comm. caite fiach gona espuic oighe ?, iv 362.21 . crecha ... ocus gona ocus scoilte, i 58.12 Comm. fer laime derga laes na gona and, 244.2 Comm. in bradan bis isin ait ..., slan a aen-guin `a single thrust [at it] is lawful,' v 484.9 Comm. dar a áltaib ┐ dar a ilgonaib, TBC-LL¹ 4428 . tucus forru a guin co láigin tria n-a thoeb, PH 3843 . adbath Fiachra dia guin, RC xxiv 184.15 . doberr guin crūaid im c[h]raidi, ACL iii 239 § 20 . rogeghin secht ngoine dēac seventeen wounds had wounded him, Ériu ii 15.20 . tuc ... .xxx. gon ó ladhair a choisi có [a] urla air, Acall. 1917 . co slechtaibh gon ┐ aladh ┐ césta fair, RC xxviii 316 § 24 . ba doigh lais co roibhi fein marbh ona gonuibh, ZCP vi 37.10 . it ē saigdi goine sūain | ... sercoi lie gnāsa, Ériu ii 15.22 . tar a bhfuair do ghonaibh arm | is é Líoghairne rosmharbh, Content. vi 257 . a náire dá ghoin don taoibh amuigh, TSh. 4089 . gona chneadh an pheacaidh, ib. 1458 . do ghoimh na ngon do himreadh leó uirre, 2977 . is beag liom bás gan barr-ghoin pian doibh, ZCP v 227.890 ( ZCP v 227 ). Of taking pieces in a game: imirt ar nguin ghallbhrannuibh; | fian Ghall do ghuin ar mbranáin 'a game of chess after the king has been check-mated; the foreign set of pieces checked our king', Giolla Brighde 138 § 14 .

Compd. guin-aided death by wounding : g s. tofesar gnīm guinaitte, Fianaig. 38.26 .

II Of the moon, the wane, decrease : as i an med sin dorcaidter don cuid soir de (viz. den ré) ar a guin, Ir. Astr. Tr. 90.14 . gach áon ... do bhiodh tinn lé goin an ré moon-struck, lunatic, Matthew iv 24 . ní ceart an clúdach do thógaint den chorcán le linn guin na rae (mod.), GJ xiii 207a8 .

III = Lat. punctum in the sense clause, short section of discourse. See TSh. passim , where there may be a play on words in the association with bior-ghaoithe.

IV ? goin gair ooc im-mullach Thuil Gossi, BDD § 101a = BDD² 1049.

idbart

Cite this: eDIL s.v. idbart or dil.ie/27181
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: idbart, idbart, edbart, idhbairt

n ā, f. vn. of ad-opair. Written idbart in Wb., idbart and edbart in Ml. idhbairt f., IGT Decl. § 42.23 .

(a) offering, act of offering, sacrifice: bolad inna idbairte, Wb. 22b13 . i.¤ ar ba ainm leosom peccatum dund idbairt adoparthe dar cenn peccati , 15d20 . tánicc aimser mo idbarte-se gl. tempus resolutionis meae instat, 30d11 . lindidbairt gl. oblationem, 22b12 . in beu-i.¤ sin. nochis edbart logmar, Ml. 87b9 . inna edbarta fulidi feuldai offerings of flesh and blood, 6. do lestur chorthón bís oc edpartaib do deib, Sg. 56b7 . in brosnae dombert side dia edbairt fesin, Tur. 123. ínn audbirt, Thes. ii 26.40 (Bcr.). do udpart a chuirp ┐ a anmae do dia, Mon. Tall. 163.14 . edpart matinda, SR 4403. gin udbairt do deib idal, Laws i 44.15 Comm. cach altóir a hidbairt, ACL iii 227.39 . in tan ro-t-ucad cot chesad ┐ dot idpairt, PH 170. tútt na n-edpart `the stench of the offering,' 974 . techt i tempull Apaill do edpart do, 1356 . an uile iodhbairt `omnis oblatio,' TSh. 8915. a idhbairt go huilide ō a n-uile croide i n-a seruís, Fl. Earls 192.22 . íodhbartha loisgidhthe, Hebrews x 8 . toradh íodhbairte na Croiche, Donlevy 426.19 .

In particular of the sacrifice of the Mass: asbert ... co ndernad C. hidpairt choirp Crist ┐ a ḟola ut C. sacra Eucharistiae consecraret mysteria, Lat. Lives 111.12 . cein bói icon edpairt dum missarum solemnia celebrarentur, 14 . fuil ind uain cosind edbairt, Ériu ii 114 § 44. dobera icon édpart usce ┐ fín isin cailech, PH 5201.

(b) an offering or presentation for religious purposes, grant, discretionary donation = Lat. oblatio Ériu xlii 103 : ni rogabsam-ni a n-idparta, Wb. 24b20 . doberdis audpartai dosom o Máolrúoin ` presents ,' Mon. Tall. 131.26 . dorat ... xx dam i n-edbairt suthain, Lat. Lives 24.14 . tuc M. ... Caisil na righ a n-ídhbairt do Padraic ┐ don Chomdidh, RC xviii 22.3 .

(c) alms, offerings to the poor: fogébat boicht ... a comdídnad ... i n-almsanaib ┐ i n-édpartaib, PH 4287 in fairend na tabrat almsana ┐ edparta do bochtaib, 6153 .

imbed, imbad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imbed, imbad or dil.ie/27298

Forms: imadh, iomadh, imad, iomad, iomad, n-imbed, t-imut

n o, n. later m. imadh (iomadh) ┐ imad (iomad) (ó énchéill), IGT Decl. § 11 , § 104 . iomad prevails in Mod. Ir. perhaps on anology with inad q.v. n s. a n-imbed , Ml. 62b20 . in t-imut , Lism. L. xxiii 11.

(a) a large quantity, a large number, abundance, excess: a nimbed gl. affluentiam, Ml. 56a12 . a nímbed gl. multitudinem, 64c1 . profussionem .i. a n-imbed son, 71c3 . a n-imbed són ind sloig, 62b20 . for imbed inna precepte asbir-siu, Wb. 12d17 . rommúnus imbed dom, 24b18 . duratais do pecthachaib imbed inna n-anae, Ml. 56b24 . ind imbith gl. redundentiae, 129d11 . ond imbud gl. affluentia, 45c1 . huand imbiud inna námat, 72d16 . inna imbed gl. copias, 93b8 . huanaib cainimbedaib ilaigthib gl. multiplicatis benedictionibus, 105a7 . co n-immad ech ┐ bóthánte, LU 3910 ( SCC § 42 ). re immad a námat, TBC-LL¹ 2439. bec narom nítsat ind fir | ar imad comlaind oenfir, LU 6229 (TBC). mag meld co n-immut scoth, Imr. Brain § 34. co ṅ-imbud galair, Fél. Sept. 11. ro-immad fola `excess of blood,' Mon. Tall. 149.7 . nis fil crich...for immud a ecna, IT i 169.8 . immud anbthine na peni suthaine, IT i 170.27 . iumad bud lia do aisnes `to count a greater number,' PH 6212. la himbed na hindille `with the increase of the cattle,' Laws iv 104.1 Comm. mad airm i mbi immed mbech, 192.8 . imad dermair na ngenti, Lat. Lives 98.10 . Raghnall ... co n-imadh cét do marbadh `R. with many hundreds,' RC xviii 168.19 . asein dacūaidh isan Rōim | Grigair go n-imat a slōigh, ZCP viii 114 § 16. nír an uathadh ná imad a n-áeninad rena aigid, Comp. CC 109.15 . ni hingar le fear na faire | imadh fleadh a mbaile Hí Bhríain, IGT Decl. ex. 1287. d'iomad rogha ag Día dá dhiomda | fola cía dá ttiobhra ar tós, ex. 109 . fear an fhiabhrusa ag iarraidh iomaid dighe, TSh. 8253. tar éis iomad laitheadh, 4464 . do mheall an fhortúin ... an iomad `multos,' 7087 ; suil chuiread `h' a n-iomad áirmhe íad before `h' increases their number, IGT Introd. 1.15 . creidim thú, a Sbiorad naomh neartmhar | do shaor iomad m'fholadh, DDána 14 § 5. ná han go bhfionn[ar] bhar bhfriochnamh | tar iomadh ar n-ainchean, Dán Dé xii § 27 . ? Governing a prec. gen.: ro marbhadh daoine iomet ┐ ro herghabhadh sochaidhe mór, AFM ii 580.9 .

(b) Used especially of an abundance of wealth, riches, food: ops .i. imbed, Sg. 125a3 . ind imbid son gl. prosperorum, Ml. 68c2 . cosind aeilscud ... imna imbeda techtae sidi, 56b26 . ind ingoir isnaib imbedaib ┐ isnaib soinmechaib `the impious in abundance and prosperity,' 56b9 . nícon fil locht and isind ḟir sin ... iter áni ┐ imud ┐ ordan, BDD² 1077. do-róscaigi do laechradaib domain uile ... ar ordan ┐ ar imbad, TTr.² 1212. boí mór d'ordan ┐ d'aerechas ┐ d' immud isind rígthig, LU 10118. trí fáilti coirmthige : immed ┐ dúthracht ┐ elathó `plenty and kindliness and art,' Triads § 225. nech lasmí mór imbeith nó indelb (leg. indeib), Ériu vii 154 § 5. ferr sobarthon inā imad prosperity is better than superfluity,' ZCP vi 260.20 .

(c) `In the Laws used in the dual like lín, which it glosses, of the two parties to a suit, contract, etc.' (Plummer MS notes) : cipe da llina .i. cibe don da imad sin, Laws iv 170.7 Comm. cechtar do lina .i. cechtar de in da imat sin, ii 374.13 Comm. nechtar da lina ... .i. ... nechtar de in dá imat sin, O'Dav. No. 1373.

(d) Meaning simply amount, number: a tri himett in chaca (sic leg.) ar son aithgina ocus a mét d'im `three times the size of the ordure,' Laws iv 122.18 . meisemnaigter maine in feraind fo imat na fíne `according to the number of the tribe,' Laws iv 40.23 Comm. gach aen do cluinfe in t-imut-sa `all this,' Lism. L. xxiii 11. imat na haithesca ro chan Cellach the sum of the replies, SG 53.19 .

Compd. ¤línmairecht numerousness: ar aidbliu a innmais ┐ ar imat-linmuirecht a hsocraiti ┐ a tinoil, CCath. 4742.

láigen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. láigen or dil.ie/29385

Forms: lágan, laigni, laighneadha, laigned, laignedaib, lágine

n ā, f. Also lágan. But n s. laigni, LU 3181 (H) = laigne, RC v 198 ; with dental inflection a pl. laighneadha, BB 31a13 . g p. laigned, 432a24 . d pl. laignedaib, 420a23 . A n s. lágine occurs in a marg. gloss on Lugaid Lágha, LL 289a15 . Note also g s. m. laigne leathan-glais (:ais), MR 196.21 . See O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 152 - 3 , where length of vowel in first syll. is also discussed. Cf. láige.

Spear: laighen .i. sleagh O'Cl. adsluindiu a fuili . . . allaigniu (laigne, v.l. sic leg.), Fél. Ep. 324 . lāithe gaile Galiān / gabsit inna lāmaib laigne, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 10 § 2. lágen mór il-laim ind fir, BDD 128 . cressaigthe in fer in lágin sin, ib. tri coicait lagan lanmor, Rawl. 82b15 . cona lágnib lánglassaib, Metr. Dinds. ii 50.20 . bás . . . do lágin ríg, TFerbe 106 . láigne . . . ina lamaib, LL 930 ( laighneadha, BB 31a13 ). do thaidlig . . . na laigen lainderdai, Alex. 16. doire . . . laighean lasamhain, ML 84.21 . gur f[h]othraicedar in dá laigin . . . isin laoch-mhílid, ML² 1686.

More precisely broadheaded spear : lethangai is de isberar laigen gl. laighin, LL 377a29 . laigen .i. goi coneitib (cf. ette), RC xi 26.5 ( TBC-I¹ 2562 ). So freq. with adj. lethanglas: mór laech ro letrait do laignib let[h]anglassaib, CCath. 6015. ionann . . . laighne is sleagha ar a mbídís cinn leathanghlasa iarainn, Keat. ii 2583.

Of lance which pierced the side of Christ: figor ind aithcummi cosind lágin `the figure of the wounding with the lance', Thes. ii 254.4 . gabais láigin móir ina láim, PH 673. Also with descriptive gen. l.¤ míled: Longinus rotngon Crist . . . don láigin míled bói ina láim martial lance, LB 159b32 . tuc bulli do laigin miled i sliss Ísu, PH 2874 . oc imbeirt inna láigne, Blathm. 232.

In the traditional etymology of Laigin Leinster (see O'Rahilly, loc.cit.): o na lágnib-sin ille / rogairit Lagin Láigne, Metr. Dinds. ii 50. 21 - 2 . Laighin cidh día n-apar? . . . óna laighnibh lethanghlassaibh tugsat na dúbhghaill leo a n-Erinn, Cóir Anm. 174 . Laigin a laginis .i. ona laignib lethnoib tucsat leo na Dub-gaill a tirib Gall . . . nó it laigin cumdáigti oir ┐ airgit tucsat cerda Hérenn do Labraid, Dinds. 9 = Keat. i 120.3 . Cf. laogon .i. gae. O'Mulc. 794. laeghan .i. gai, O'Curry 111 ( H 3.18, 71c19 ).

2 les

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 les or dil.ie/29991
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: lis, lius, lesu, lisu, lissu, leas, leasa, Lesa, lis, liss, lios

n o, m. g s. lis, Laws v 320.15 . LU 8380 ( FB 25 ). DDána 29.30 ; 73.12 . d s. lius, Laws iv 198.18 (Bechbretha). AU 916. LU 10753. a pl. lesu, Cáin Ad. 21. lisu, Ériu ii 56 § 13. lissu, LU 6572 ( lissiu, TBC-I¹ 2057 ). Later also as u, m. leas (ó dhá chéill), IGT Decl. § 95 (127.14) and g s. leasa, L. Cl. A. B. 277.146 . Keat. Poems 496. TSh. 6604. Lesa an Doill, AFM iii 178.16 (an. 1213 ). Later also n s. and a s. lis: liss (: ḟiss a s.), Ériu iii 104 § 33. lios, MR 288.7 . TD 5.1 .

(a) the space about a dwelling-house or houses enclosed by a bank or rampart , farmyard, courtyard : dorus lis gl. porticus, Ir. Gl. 580 . lios .i. teagh no baile, O'Cl. be[i]ch bite i llugbart no i lius, Laws iv 198.18 (Bechbretha). oircc peata bis a lis no a faithche, 108.9 . bis a lis, .i. tall. No a faithche, .i. amuich, 110.17 Comm . i cuaird lis sluaig, v 320.15 . craebh cu toradh aicce ina garrgha no ina llis, O'D. 2284 ( Rawl. B 506, 26a ). cethruime coibche fia lucht aen lis ┐ aen baile, ┐ og-coibche a sechtar lis in the presence of those dwelling in the same l.¤ , Laws v 294. 9 - 10 Comm . Cf. ni théit mac neich do thig araile acht mac óenlis, Ériu ii 206 § 26 (`of a single steading'). ic tiachtain ar ammus a liss ┐ a léis ┐ a machaid (of the Donn Cúalnge), TBC-LL¹ 1539 . lis ┐ tighe ┐ airlisi, H 3.18, 10b17 . i liss fo leith, IT i 71.9 ( LMU 6 ). co closs fón less uile, IT 67.7 ( LMU 1 ). duntar in less, LU 5003 . ba hosluicthe l.¤ ┐ tech foruib, IT iii 550.36 . totaet C. issind l.¤ a tri cet co mbatar for lar in dúini, 23 . nipsa chúsa gabála lis, LU 9325 . fri l.¤ anechtair, 8852 ( FB 64 ). for fordorus ind liss immach, LU 8718 ( FB 54 ). liss airslocthi, LU 8714 ( FB 53 ). isind otruch for lar ind lis eter na conaib, LU 8380 ( FB 25 ). na coic thigi filet isind lis, Anecd. i 4.12 ( SCano 96 ). Almu Lagen, l.¤ na Fían, Metr. Dinds. ii 72.1 . tecmalla A. a ḟolad ┐ a inmass issin less ┐ gabtha fair a l.¤ , Irish Texts i 34 § 7 . is caingen / bith frisin less n-imdangen, Auraic. 5125 . less no cat[h]air no caislen, CCath. 5581. do aclai a l.¤ beos iarna adnacul do Pirr in ferainn sidein, BB 4a40 . buinne lindghlan láimh re leas, IGT Decl. ex. 1671 . lucht an lis-sin (sc. Hell), DDána 29.30 .

(b) a (large) settlement, probably within an enclosure, and by extension a city, part of a (monastic) complex: a dul-si isind l.¤ caillech, Mon. Tall. 130.20 (§ 7) . itir lisu lann, Ériu ii 56 § 13 (`amid monastic enclosures', Murphy Lyrics 9 § 13 ). Ard Macha do loscadh . . . cosind lius abbaid huile, AU 916 . airc[h]innech lis ōeiged Chrīst, ACL iii 308 § 29 . lia mór . . . co roacht an t-uisce less n-abaidh Cluana, AFM ii 598.11 (an. 918 ). l.¤ martradh (cf. Martartech), Laws iv 86.19 Comm (`probably a churchyard', n. Cf. cell martra, O'D. 1674 ).

(c) a palisade or stockade; by extension rampart : .v. ṡéoit i ndul tara l.¤ díchmairc, Críth G. 210 . comérgit Ulaid ara ammus. araill dib for less. araill for dorus liss over the rampart . . . through the gate, LU 5017 ( tar less . . . for dorus lis, TBC-I¹ 528 - 9 ). focherd bedg dar na tri lisu, RC xi 452.148 . lingid Cú Ch. i n-ardai co mboí for tulchinniu ind lis, MU² 911. co ndringitís for foradhaib ┐ for lesaib do décain Hectoir, TTr.² 1094 . ag leim na lios, Rel. Celt. ii 242.x .

(d) a ringfort, circular earthwork : ro ir dam .x. ratha .i. lis, Ériu ii 4 . bai Ailill a comriachtain fri mnai a taib in lis, ZCP i 104.13 . tainic … co Lis in bantrachta bodes ┐ ro tṡuidh in sluag uile ar in raith, Acall. 5515 .

Freq. in nn. loc. grían Liss móir, Fél. June 25 . Dec. 3. Corbmac mac Cuilennáin, epscop Lis Móir, AFM ii 598.7 (an. 918 ). rogab Lugaid i lLius Breg / gíallu Gall ┐ Gáedel, Metr. Dinds. iv 136.33 . do thigh an fhilidh Muiredhaigh Lesa an Doill ua [uí] Dálaigh, AFM iii 178.16 (an. 1213 ). See also Hog. Onom.

Compds.

(a) With noun. ¤chlár: dá chúis daghra leas-Chláir Luirc, DDána 73.11 .

(b) With adjj. ¤aíbinn: muighi loma lesaíbhne, IGT Decl. ex. 150 . ¤lebar: ós do thír lisleabhair longchlannaigh, DDána 114.10 .

1 loscud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 loscud or dil.ie/30713
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: losgadh, lasgadh

u, and o, m. vn. of loiscid. losgadh lasgadh, IGT Verbs § 71. ? loscam, Ériu x 148.3 .

(a) act of burning, consuming by fire; fire, conflagration : loscadh gl. incendium, Ir. Gl. 737 . Crist domm imdegail . . . ar l.¤ , Thes. ii 357.11 (Patrick's Hy.). rann do l.¤ for altóir, Wb. 10d18 . a coscrad ┐ a l.¤ gl. flammísque consumpta, Ml. 102b9 . huand l.¤ gl. combustione, 123c6 . a nguin cosind l.¤ .i. a nguin cosind saigit áin wounding with the burning i.e. wounding with the fiery arrow, 133a4 . loscoth Iarnboidbh mic Gartnaith, AU i 106.6 (an. 643 ). loscuth Maighi Bile cona derthigib 320.11 (an. 825 ). di l.¤ a thige, Críth G. 123 (losca, MS.). loscad luise; loscad guaile, Laws v 474.5 . loscadh anfoit `burning by inadvertence', iv 250.1 Comm . loscad comhraite `wilful burning,' 12 Comm . na loiscthi ac lethnugud . . . fo chathraigh Conchubair, Comp. CC 93.15 . na croind do loscad don grein, Ann. Conn. 1252.9 . Of the fires of Hell: morríg inna ṅgente / bithgolait i ll.¤ , Fél. Prol. 62 . tene . . . dod l.¤ , Mon. Tall. 136.16 . i lō loiscthi na cātha `when the chaff is burned', Ériu iii 31 § 24.

(b) Of injury caused by burning, burn, scorch; scald: da scind deaman dobertach / trēsin teine gan loiscthi, ZCP v 23 § 22 . ar teichedh a loiscidh `to avoid being burnt', CCath. 2145 . losgadh teineadh no uisge, 23 K 42, 356.13 . foirid loscad na tengan (of the virtues of the sapphire), Celtica ii 78.280 . Attrib. g s. fiabras loisce (febres ardentes), Rosa Angl. 250.1 . As medical term cauterising (but distinct from crechad Celtica xvii 119-20 ): ni leighister hi acht maille sinidh láimhe no re loscad, Rosa Angl. 242.3 . losgadh no gearradh, 23 K 42, 113.10 . coisgidh in loscadh a siledh fhola 'firing [i.e. cautery] stems the flow of blood', Ériu lxiv 7 (72.1.2 fo. 59v14) .

(c) Of a bodily process: teinnes ┐ att ┐ loscadh (the result of a sting), O'Gr. Cat. 213.26 . o losgadh lenna ruaidh, Rosa Angl. 54.4 . ticc in gainemh sin o losgad fola deirgi isna cuislennaibh, 188.3 . drithle re losgadh leicne which causes cheeks to flush, L. Cl. A. B. 278.163 . loscam (loscad, v.l.) ┐ tirmacht na slaiti fearrdha 'burning and dryness of the membrum virile ', Ériu x 148.3 .

(d) act of inflicting burning pain; anguish, affliction : huanaib loiscthib gl. pro (suplicio dolentis cruciatuum) adustionibus. Ml. 133a3 . etir na loiscthiu gl. inter adustones (tribulationum), 39a7 (loisthiu, MS.). ata h'ernaigthi 'com loscad, PH 1985 . ba lonn ┐ ba loscad le C. ceithre uaithne . . . oirechais Alban d'foirtchead ar inchaib a enig, MR 248.8 . tríd an sgéal ba losgadh linn `by thy story torturing my heart', Dán Dé xxviii 31 . as foghuil ba losgadh lais / cosgradh a dhomhuin dúthchais, O'R. Poems 1639. Fig. of passions being inflamed, glowing, burning : serapyn . . . re n-abur loscadh in ghrádha incendium, ITS xxix 209.8 . is mar-sin don tshanntach arna loscad ┐ arna brénad on tsaint, PH 7745.