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allguth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. allguth or dil.ie/2968

n (? 4 all + guth) great noise, shout: allghuth an ordanais `loud report', AFM vi 1882.9 . fothrom na fén . . . ┐ allgotha na n-anradh ` shouts ', CCath. 1835 . allgotha aighthidi ┐ ardgairmneach aduathmar, 895 . atcluinti ann allgot[h]a móra . . . na n-uasal, 5948 . allgotha na stiurusmand ic cosnam chúain, LL 236a29 ( TTr. 1428 ).

almsa

Cite this: eDIL s.v. almsa or dil.ie/3002

Forms: almsan, almsa, -adha, almsan, almsain, almsana, almsaine

n (Lat. eleēmosyna). O. Ir. almsan ā, f. Later almsa m. (pl. -adha), IGT Decl. § 2 . f. (g s. and g p. almsan. n p. almsain), § 8 . Note also g s. (or g p.?) almsana, Ann. Conn. 1336.2 . almsaine, Metr. Dinds. iv 322.36 may be another form of sg.

Alms (usually in sg. but occas. also in pl.): is ind almsan arafocair anúas `it is the alms he suggests above', Wb. 16d7 . ni epur frib in n-almsin berar do hI., ibid. resind almsin, 16c6 . oc ailli a almsine, 16d2 . tabairt inna almsine, 16c21 . dobeirsom ainm bendachtan dond almsin, 16d14 . tabairt almsan, Ml. 103b13 . almsan quasi elim-son ab elimoysina .i. ar is ard fogar na halmsan, Corm. Y 25 . figell, āine, ernaigthe, | almsan tan nos-gēne, Ériu ii 172 § 5 . abstanit ┐ gabail necnairci ┐ almsanae ` almsgiving ', Mon. Tall. 133.26 (§ 18) . doberat almsana bíd ┐ etaig, LU 2384 . mur argdidi . . . día n-almsanaib, LU 2194 . a.¤ ar neamh ┐ neach fāi, ACL iii 236 § 8 . a.¤ menic maith, LL 18896 . go dtug Brian fáinne óir . . . i n-almsain ar altóir Árdamacha, Ériu i 82 § 16 . romarb cách díb araile / ac cosnam a n-almsaine, Metr. Dinds. i 18.68 . monaidh óir a n-almsodha, DDána 100.16 . tabhruidh ní dhamhsa ar mo dhuain / a rí ┐ a.¤ a n-énúair, IGT Decl. ex. 117 . do dhearlaic sibhsi . . . / . . . / do dhá ghoirmdhearc dhamhsa am dhall / a.¤ bhus oirdhearc agam, Studies 1921, 258 § 7 .

? amrasaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? amrasaid or dil.ie/3206

n (amaires) doubts: nidat innarbithe on eclais, cia beith for cosnam ┐ ciamrasat in tuath, O'Curry 875 ( H 3.18, 392 b).

apdaine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. apdaine or dil.ie/3872

Forms: a.

n , f. (ap) status or office of an abbot: tecmongur celdag hi cluain mac nóis im cosnam na ha.¤ `there arose a contention in C. over a contest for the abbacy', Mon. Tall. 162.12 (§ 85) . nochon airimfe mo bendachtain-si maní airime abdaine mo ecailsi, Trip.² 727 . forácaib . . . B. . . . i n-abbdaine, 1681 . ro gab Turgeis fein abbdani Arda Macha, Cog. 8.15 . Of the papacy, status of pope: iar ngabail abbdaine do Mh., PH 651 . do tabairt abdaine na Roma do, RC xlvi 228 § 7 . ecclesiastical supremacy in general: géba a.¤ ┐ cumachta forsin domun (of Christ), PH 2272 . i n-abdaine for ainglib, 6385 . cosnamh cennachta ┐ a.¤ insi Bretan, Lism. L. 2531 . In secular sense: ainm a abdhaine gin acht / fuaír `mastership', Cóir Anm. 241 . For a.¤ used of monastic lands see Skene, Celtic Scotland ii 343.8 , cf. 409.4 .

1 cadla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cadla or dil.ie/7557

Forms: caidle

adj io, iā. Also caidle. beautiful, comely : cadhla .i. cáomh no álainn, O'Cl. Of a person: Eochu Froech ba c.¤ gné, Rawl. 148a1 . Nad-Frāich amra / c.¤ Corcc, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 60 § 2 . it cadlai dí ingein / Ailella . . . , Fél. Dec. 9 (glossed .i. cathalacdai .i. cotailci, Fél.² clxxviii ; .i. catalg[d]a no bithi, O'Dav. 443 . Cf. cadhla .i. catalacdha no catoiliocdha, O'Cl. ). S. cáemh c.¤ , Gorm. Apr. 11 . bás . . . / comharba cadlai Colaim, AFM ii 710.4 . ? fiadnaise innraic gin forcleith .i. gin ḟir cadhla ni segar fír tairis, O'Curry 2432 ( Eg. 88, 35 (36)a ). Of an animal: alma imda lais do cheithrib, caemc.¤ uile, IT ii2 225 § 1 . Cf. cadhlai .i. uth (quoting this ex.), H 3.18, 605a12 . Of a deed: gnim c.¤ , SR 3351 . dond eseirghi . . . cadlai, Anecd. i 67 § 146 . cú dianad caidle (: Ailbe) in cosnam , Metr. Dinds. iv 194.14 . ? intí nad oighi a gnimraid cadhla, O'Curry 2441 ( Eg. 88, 36 (37)a ). Of a country: tír ch.¤ , LL 21504 . cáine tíre . . . / ata comgnúsi cadli `whose aspects are lovely', Imr. Brain 11 . Various: a lestraib cadlaib, Anecd. i 54 § 33 . a cholbai cadlai, MacCongl. 69.20 . c.¤ erclos fon mbith che, AU i 400.10 . Cf. c.¤ .i. cruaid . . . ut est . . . ba c.¤ gair, O'Curry 1179 ( H 3.18, 468 ). ? ba c.¤ gair it was an agreeable command(?), Metr. Dinds. ii 20.3 . In chevilles: delm c.¤ (: ambra = amra), LL 4891 . c.¤ cuaird, 28606 . cádla bánd `of lovely leaps' (of a hound), MacCongl. 79.10 . Conchobair c.¤ a chongaib, YBL 125a40 ( Jn. Celt. Stud. i 83 § 6 ).

Compar. cadlu . . . gach ōinḟer arailiu, ACL iii 298 § 63 . As superl. gnīm as cadlu, Anecd. i 61 § 91 . ? Adv.: co caidle (: aidble), Metr. Dinds. iii 352.1 .

As n. pr. Conchobhar ua C.¤ , IT iii 100 § 178 . See also Corp. Gen.

caingen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caingen or dil.ie/7832
Last Revised: 2019

n ā, f., later also o, m. c.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 53 . f., § 54 .

(a) suit, claim, petition, message : caingin no fugall gl. negotium aduersus alterum, Wb. 9c4 . in tan luaithfider a ch.¤-som hi tig Dǽ gl. cum iudicium agitari ejus coeperit `his case', Ml. 57c7 . nī ar cais nā miscuis .i. nī ar dēnum chaingne for nech, Corm. Y 285 . do tosach caingean, O'D. 539 ( H 3.17, 433 ) `of the precedence of cases', O'Don. Suppl. as i mbreth is dia cach caingne (of end of the world), Laws i 22.6 Comm. , perh. for as í in breth as dead . . . . ar nach cnedh bis slan ré mes is di caingin la feine, O'Curry 1819 ( 23 Q 6, 46a ) = di caingiun, O'D. 423 ( H 3.17, 324 ). tiachtuin d'acra a caingne, Laws ii 86.6 Comm. iman caingean frecnairc, O'D. 579 ( H 3.17, 444 ). Maxim, Johan, Ernan / conc[h]uire mo ch.¤ , Gorm. 17 . co cuibdi cach caṅgni, LL 16607 (RC xlvii 293.y). cen gūbreith . . . / . . . / acht in chaṅgen fīr `but (finding) the true facts', KMMisc. 262 § 17 ( LL 18878 ). cia caiṅgen dotuc aniar ?, Rawl. 82b7 . beir . . . / gusin coimdid mo chaingin, CF 88.3 . ar impide th'aingel / co n-ilar a cc.¤ `with all their pleading', Ériu xix 3 § 5 . im Sairial seolta caingean `who prospers causes', Dán Dé xxv 55 . dár gcabhairne im chaingean / daghaighne mná (: aingeal), PBocht 18.4 . ná bérad breth forsin caingin sin, Ériu iv 126.13 . tāinic aingel ar mo chend / c.¤ daingen ar mo ci[u]nd, ZCP vii 307.7 . fer lan . . . do cosnam cacha caingne fa tabrad a lam `in upholding every cause he undertook to plead', Ann. Conn. 1307.9 . conciuchlat[h]ar do chainccen your affair will be heard, ML² 508 . ? do fhregair in sámaid sin / a cánaib is a caingnib, SG 69.18 .

In phrases: c.¤ fri claim etc. against: [intí] bes im caingin fris, Laws ii 86.2 Comm. im caingin fri righ no seanadh gl. tocomracc, v 396.x . im chaingin robui de muintir Tamlachti friss, Mon. Tall. 157.7 . cia c.¤ fil det-siu frin-ne ?, PH 3216 . téit etc. imm, la, fri ch.¤ goes etc. on a message, presents a case: dorrími Sencha . . . in caingin immá tullatár, LU 8745 ( FB 56 ). in c.¤ lasa tancais `the matter concerning which thou hast come', CCath. 4065 . timarnad duit nád dechis . . . / fri caingin (quaingen, caingne, caingeana, v.ll.) na athchuingid / as do liss cot' écc `for business or begging' (command to a monk), Ériu iii 108 § 52 . Note also: ma ta side a caingi a (? leg. i caingin) diubarta, Laws v 504.14 Comm. senchus .i. cuis is cain . . . .i. caing cain ingena (? leg. caingin, caingena) .i. cas caingine, i 30.30 Comm.

(b) dispute, controversy , question (for discussion): aí, cuis no caingean `controversie', Eg. Gl. 66 . tabair . . . comarli . . . .i. im cangin dilgotha cid dogénam imme, LU 9768 . i n-ecmais na caingni sin, 9771 . cepe nom bera . . . cen forus mo caingni chucu, 10260 . fri cosc ┐ cuindrech na c.¤ , Anecd. i 44.19 . fuaradar caingin doilig maxima quaestio , Lat. Lives 77.2 . batar caṅgni imda sunn ic Aed `questions', RC xx 46.21 . búaidh caingni cecha hairechta `victory in every assembly', xxvii 276 § 30 . in bóroma o Lagnib / tóroma do chaṅgnib cland, LL 16842 (`a service of the family tribute', RC xlvii 325 ). ro chóraig cach caingin ┐ cech n-imresain, 1477 . is caiṅgen / bith frisin less n-imdaṅgen, Auraic. 5124 . im cach c.¤ ro fiarfaig de, Grail 2188 . nobetis caingne ┐ écraiti dúibhsi, TTr.² 124 . caingni do chrichnachadh, TTebe 1141 . dénam comairli imon caingin sin, FDG² 685 . ic gleud ch.¤ na mór-ṡluagh `settling the dispute', Celtica iv 34.479 . romain ar gach caingnib / mac Muire go n-ainglib finna[ib] may . . . protect me against all disputes (suits ?), ZCP x 347 § 21 . coscar cacha caingne do commaidem `to triumph in every struggle', MR 258.23 . smuainiud cindti cacha caingni for solving every problem, 94.2 . críoch ar gcaingne `issue of our dispute', Content. ix 4 . an t-ord caingne `method of discussion', xxiv 3 . With ceist: césta ┐ caṅgni in choicid d'ordugud, TBC-LL¹ 868 . oenach . . . / cen cheist cen chaṅgin cen chreich, LL 27826 . du ceastaib ┐ du chaingnib domundaibh `worldly questions and cases', Auraic. 48 . ré heidir-ghleodh ceasd ┐ caingean, CRR² 16 . ceist ┐ c.¤ , PH 9 .

(c) Less specifically business, matter, affair : in cois ┐ in caingin ara-rogbad in salm gl. causam cantici `the matter', Ml. 74b11 . i cach caingin gl. in negotio, Wb. 25b5 . bid imda a n-airgne garba / is a caingne allmarda `piratical exactions', Fen. 66.10 . díchuirthar úain . . . tairmesca na c.¤ . . . saegulla (exhortation for Lent), PH 4993 . ba nefní leis a c.¤ ora maid in cath remi (of Protesilaus), LL 32287 `their dealing', TTr. 1475 . bad adba ch.¤ can chacht / bad adba aingel mon port (of Tech Molling), SG 366.29 . c.¤ in bāis brais, ZCP vii 302.27 . aingil Dé dom dín / fon caingin clé atchíam, KMMisc. 254.2 . suairc in ínis rangamar / imdha a cnuas is a c.¤ , 317.15 . cá c.¤ uil bar fargam what are you proposing to undertake(?), FDG² 638 . dōib fēin bid olc in c.¤ , ZCP v 22 § 9 . beg air . . . c.¤ na namad `the doings of the enemies', TFrag. 154.13 . is i caingean is coru `policy', Cog. 122.21 . rí an bheatha ceann gach caingne `Lord of all causes', Aithd. D. 75.16 . do bert . . . laimh imna caingnibh sin do fhorbhadh `to carry out these charges', Hugh Roe² 216.15 .

In prep. phr. with IMM: im chaingin ind anmchairdini `concerning the matter of spiritual direction', Mon. Tall. 135.11 . cia ro thuttis im chaṅgin t'ingini, TFerbe 253 . im caingin na ndaoine do déndáis aithricche `in the case of men', RC xxv 396 § 10 . cionnas do ghéndaois im caingin na nDanar, TFrag. 118.1 . With TRE: tre c[h]aingne con on account of, Sc.M² 21b .

(d) In later lang. also covenant, pact : dorinnes c.¤ re-m shúilib ( Job xxxi 1 ), PH 7800 . ro snaidm si a c.¤ , Grail 2291 . in c.¤ cona rathnachus tucsatt `guaranteed pact', Stair Erc. 358 . ar coilled a caingne re Ruaidri `had broken his covenant with R.', Ann. Conn. 1315.12 . in c.¤ sin C. ┐ M. `arrangement between C. and M.', CCath. 1163 . nī scarthar a c.¤ , ZCP iii 32.22 . an té ler cailleadh a chor / a caingean Dé do diúltadh, IGT Decl. ex. 1355 . fada súas fa bhrúach mBeirbhe / crúach sgeimhle ó chrúas do chaingne, 1373 . deadhuil chaingne na ccumpán `after the breaking of covenants', Studies 1921, 588 § 3 . lucht crúadhaighthe caingneadh (chaingean, v.l.) réidh `men who harden easy covenants', 1919 , 256 § 4 . ní fhuil ar chléircibh caingean, Measgra D. 55.18 . `the clergy have no status(?)', Gloss. ní bhí caingean ná cairdeas idir a lucht aittreabhtha (of vices of the body), TSh. 2948 .

(e) In chevilles: c.¤ ṅglé, SR 5463 . clothach caingean, Anecd. i 60 § 86 . caingean ceart, SG 24.23 . caingin nach gann, ZCP i 121 n.z . nochar ch.¤ cle, BCC 40.16 ; 168.29 . .

Compd. With adj.: bidh cath-buadhach caingen-glic `wise of counsel', Leb. Cert. 8.13 .

cellach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cellach or dil.ie/8563

n [o] strife, contention : ceallach .i. cogadh no imreasain, O'Cl. tecmongur celdag hi cluain mac Nóis im cosnam na hapdaine, Mon. Tall. 162.11 . dia n-ecma nach ceallach, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, 92 § 17 . bíeid celldach hi cill indala sar, Trip.² 1838 . re G. cen ch.¤ cen ches, LL 966 . gorbho ferr córa oldas ceallach, Hugh Roe² 128.2 .

coisnima

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coisnima or dil.ie/10440

x see cosnam .

1 com-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 com- or dil.ie/10554
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: con-, con-gaib, cotam-, cot-, conid-, com, cum, comerchloithe, comimmaircide, com-imm-, comocus, com-imm-, coímm-, coímthecht, com, con, coindelg, congab, congnam, coingell, coinglecc, comglenn, cotarsnae, coitreb, cocad, cocur, coicéile, coicert, cutrummae, comchlante, cosnam, cob, cub, cobodail, cubaid, cubus, cobfolaid, cobfuil, cum, com, commess, co(i)m, combág, combáid, combráithres, combroid, commaídid, commám, congnam, cosnam, comnert, comgním, coicéile, comchéile, comlann, comlán, comlín, coimescar, com, cuitbiud, cuindchid, cuimrech, con-icc, com, can, com, comnart, com

prepositional prefix in composition with verbs, nouns and adjj. GOI 502.4 . Bergin, Ériu xiv 153 . In verbs in pretonic position con- (con-icc, con-gaib), with inf. pron. cotam-, cot-, conid-, etc. ( GOI 257 - 8 , 503 ). See also s. 5 con-.

Under the accent the treatment is as follows. Before vowels and r, l, n com, cum (under infl. of follg. sound) (comadas, comerchloithe, comimmaircide (earlier coímm- < com-imm-, see below), comocus s.v. com(ḟ)ocus, comrád, comlann, comnart, cumsanad). com-imm- gives coímm- ( GOI 112 , 502 ) (coímchloud, coímthecht s.v. coimitecht). Before b com (combach), before d, g con (condalb, coindelg, congab, congnam. Note later lenition of g in coingell, coinglecc and the artificial comglenn in Ml.). Before t, c co, cu with voicing of follg. plosive (cotach, cotarsnae, coitreb, cocad, cocur, coicéile, coicert, cutrummae. Note the artificial comchlante in Sg.). Before s co (cosmail, cosnam ). Before f (earlier *w) co (cóir), later cob cub (cobair, cobodail, cubaid, cubus, cobfolaid, cobfuil). Before m cu (cuman), later cum, com (cummasc, commess).

Later co(i)m is used as the general form before all initials (see exx. under coim-, 1 com-), both the m and a follg. initial c p t d g r l n f s being lenited. Before b, m the older procedure is retained, mb ultimately falling together with mm to give m(m). But where the elements in a compd. remain clear and in late formations -mb- (-mmb-, mhmb-, -mbb- -mhbh-) is usually retained (combádud, combág, combáid, combráithres, combroid). So also somet. mhm (mhmh) for mm (commaídem, commaídid, commám).

In the early language the neutral quality of final -m was retained before palatals (comnart, congnam, cosnam , with re-composition comnert, comgním. Cf. coicéile comchéile, comlann comlán comlín). Palatalization is later regular in this position (coimchrith coimescar). Where com was itself modified palatalization came in earlier (coicert, cuitbiud, cuindchid, cuimrech etc.).

In old verbal compounds (con-dieig, con-icc) the semantic function of com can as a rule only be conjectured. In later formations with verbs (coimlenaid) and with adjj. com has the adverbial force of together, mutually, equally , with nouns the adjectival force of mutual, equal . The last-mentioned are frequent in g s. with adjectival function (comchenél), the type comnart strong being rare. In all late compds. com may function as a mere intensive prefix greatly, very, completely, great, complete etc. Frequently the prefix serves merely to provide an alliterating word. For com with adjj. forming the equative see 2 com-.

comchosnam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comchosnam or dil.ie/10933

n ( cosnam ) (mutual) contending: co[m]thnud ┐ comchosnum, TTebe 583 . oc c.¤ lanbiatha[i]dh in righ, O'Curry 1988 ( H 4.22, 25 ).

comlethan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comlethan or dil.ie/11435

adj (lethan) equally, very broad : ic cosnam chuain chomlethain, LL 32155 ( TTr. 1344 ). da cubad comlethna coimedi equally broad, BB 241b34 . cen broind cóicduirn comlethain, MacCongl. 75.17 . fil cathir . . . ┐ si c.¤ `square', MacCarthy 38.5 . As subst.: i coimlet[h]an in creasa sin `as broad as that belt', CCath. 5230 .

comnerta(ig)id

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comnerta(ig)id or dil.ie/11555
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: comnertugad

v (2 nertaid, nertaigid) strengthens; confirms: ar cách comhnertus sóire ┐ socraiti na Greci do cosnam , TTr.² 126 . cómnertaigther bar cride = confortetur ( Psalms xxx 25 ), PH 6490 . ro coimnertaigiss an coir `thou hast strengthened justice', Stair Erc. 428 . do chóimhneartaigheadar na deaghaingil i ngrāsaibh = furent confirmez en grace (Gloss.), Trompa 6455 . Vn. comnertugad. See con-nerta.

With prep FRI protects against: oenanart tairsiu an-echtair | coemthoracht cia comnertaid | fri snīma seirgthi sóeba 'one cloth over them from the outside, fair and complete though it protects against perverse withering torments', SR (Greene) 4285​ .

con-sní

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-sní or dil.ie/12316
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: consni, c., -chosnai, consniat, consniatt, conasniat, cossain, cossan, cosnad, cosnam(h), consniad, -cosnad, -cosantai, -chossena, cossénait, -cosenad, -coisenta, -cossentáis, consēnai, conasensat, cosnaid, chosnoda, cosnam

v (* com-sní-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 633 ). Ind. pres. 3 s. consni, IT iii 14.3 . c.¤ , Ériu xiii 41.6 . -chosnai, LU 6597 (TBC). -chosna, TBC-LL² 2414 . 3 p. consniat, LU 9455 . consniatt, O'Dav. 516 . With -ad-: conasniat, O'D. 668 ( H 3.17, 489b ). Ipv. 2 s. cossain, LU 6372 . cossan, TBC-LL² 4628 . 3 s. cosnad, Ériu iv 228.5 . 1 p. cosnam(h), TFrag. 228.11 . Subj. impf. 3 s. consniad, Ériu v 36.26 . Pass. ? -cosnad, TBC-I¹ 3447 (rhet.). -cosantai, Ériu viii 176.1 . fut. 3 s. -chossena, LU 8791 ( FB 59 ). 3 p. cossénait, TBC-LL² 4139 . Condit. 3 s. -cosenad, TTebe 684 Pass. -coisenta, Caithr. CC 4 § 8 . 3 p. -cossentáis, LL 37649 . Pret. 3 s. consēnai, Thes. ii 315.3 (see ed. note and ad-cosnai). Cf. consníghseat, BB 18b20 . Perf. 3 p. conasensat, ZCP viii 313.31 . Later as simple verb cosnaid, cf. perf. pass. ro chosnoda , LU 9387 .

Vn. cosnam . Part. cosanta . . . ó phecadh, RSClára 150b . IGT Verbs § 44 .

Contends; contests, strives for, wins, gains: later also defends; costs: ind ríg consniat a rríge, LU 9455 . for nim consēnai a ríge `strove after his kingdom', Thes. ii 315.3 .i. rochosnastar, 23 . is e . . . cotascara ┐ cotasni it is he who destroys and persecutes(?) it (the Church), Rule of Tallaght 84 § 65 . Cf. O'Dav. 551 cited s. con-soí. do chosain . . . a thír, LL 380b46 . rígi nUlad ní chosnai, MU² 942 . in ferann cossántai which ye are striving after, ZCP xxx 111.24 . is iat da ferann do chosainsead fir Muman ar eigin `gained by force', RC xxiv 186.18 . ní cosantar it is not disputed (chev.), Ériu xix 96.w . na saoithe chasnamhadh machaire, O'Rah. 76.80 . flaith . . . chosnus tnúdh `who wins devotion', Studies 1919, 75 § 18 . cossénait a mná will defend(?), TBC-LL² 4139 . `erstreiten', TBC-LL¹ 4981 . dias carad choiseónas mé `who will guard me', A. Ó Dálaigh xxx 10 . cia hagainn is ferr choiseónas Ére, CF² 254 .

With prepp.: cumhacht . . . lé ccoisenadh é féin ar bhás might protect himself from death, Ó Héodhusa 55.3 . nó co cosnar as éidedh bus fearr ó'n fedain úd `until as its price from yonder folk I win a better' (of tunic), Caithr. Thoirdh. 107.37 . ní rochosna nech aile / ní dot anim tartési none can obtain aught for thy soul, Ériu i 201.8 . con[s]níad nert cāich giallu dó should win, Dinds. 6 . ní hé uaisle ar fhás ar a chúl / chosnas d'fhior iath wins for, Ériu xvi 134 § 49 . a ghlaca n-a gcosair chró / do chosain dó maca is mná (of Christ crucified), Dán Dé xxiii 8 . dá dhaoire dá ccoiseónadh dhamh however much it cost me, Desid. 1687 . ro chosain Eocho lethrigi ṅUlad . . . fri M. contested the joint sovereignty of U. with M., LU 2955 . ní chosna nech frim he (of curadmír), 8974 ( FB 73 ). Cruithnig conasensat in flaith friu, ZCP viii 313.31 . nach maigin consnai(d) fris a indlighedh, O'D. 531 ( H 3.17, 431 ). consníset frisan sluagh nechtrand they fought against, Hugh Roe² 64.8 . consníghseat im flaíthus na S., BB 18b20 . consnisett . . . siol N. . . . ┐ siol N. im flaithes na criche disputed, Leb. Gab.(i) 202.7 . coiseónaid thú ót uile antoil will protect you from, Desid. 6968 . cosnann sí an t-anam ó stoirm, Párl. na mB. 2174 . bile ētrocht . . . isin cnuc, cosnied co niula ara airde towered towards the clouds, Dinds. 40 .

? consnítis (síntis, v.l.) moa sengúalaind `wont to be twisted', Ériu iv 102.14 . Cf. consíntear .i. choiséntar, O'Cl.

cosaint

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cosaint or dil.ie/12571

x see cosnam .

cosantach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cosantach or dil.ie/12577

adj o, ā (cosaint, see cosnam ) contentious, aggressive (as allit. laudatory adj.); as subst. protector, defender : fer caem c.¤ , BB 427a48 . cleatha cruaidhe cosantacha C. (of warriors), ML 100.29 . fer colgdha c.¤ , AFM vi 2178.3 . c.¤ , m. IGT Decl. § 22 (76.6) . cocthoir ┐ c.¤ Connacht `protector of C.', AU iii 100.9 . D. . . . / c.¤ cláir Eoraipe, Hy Fiach. 182 . w. an cairtheach fein no an c.¤ defendant (legal), Luc. Fid. 4146 .

cosnam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cosnam or dil.ie/12617

Forms: coisnimi, cosnamh, cosnaimh, cosnamha, cosanta, chosnaim, cosnadh, casnamh, cosaint, cosanta

u, m. vn. of con-sní. See GOI 102 (n p. coisnimi, Wb. 7d13 ). cosnamh m. g s. cosnaimh, cosnamha, cosanta, IGT Decl. § 47 . Verbs § 44 . d s. chosnaim, O'R. Poems 2871 (see n.), 863 . n s. cosnadh, ZCP xxx 53.357 . casnamh, O'Rah. 160.12 Later also cosaint, g s. cosanta.

(a) act of contending for, striving for, gaining; contention, strife: c.¤ .i. imrisan no cogadh, Ériu xiii 67 § 74 . consniatt .i. cosnum, O'Dav. 516 . cosnamh .i. cogadh, O'Cl. ? cosnamh .i. comhshnámh, ibid. cech cenéle cosnama gl. contensione, Wb. 6b1 . cosnama gl. contensiones, 7d12 . c.¤ et imbressan, 11c21 . doch.¤ insmachta `to contend for the rule', 18c18 . oc c.¤ sacerdotalachtae gl. inpugnationem, Ml. 73a12 . cen ch.¤ , Fél. Ep. 221 . oc do ch.¤-so in competition for thee (as guest), BDD² 259 . do ch.¤ a chóem-lendáin `contend for', Metr. Dinds. iii 80.32 . cú dia-ndechaid cāch c.¤ for which all contended, Sc.M² 22d . ig cosnum mennato dia braithrib `gaining an abode from his brothers', RC xxiv 176.3 . celdag hi cluain mac nóis im c.¤ na hapdaine `over a contest for the abbacy', Mon. Tall. 162.12 . caindleóracht in tige . . . do ch.¤ to take over the lighting of the house, LU 9197 ( FB 92 ). ar con tístaís do ch.¤ a tána, TBC-LL² 2014 . ic cosnum chuirp P., Trip.² 3013 . cia dos necma for ch.¤ though he chance to contend, Laws iv 374.26 Comm. ag cosnum rigi no apdaine, v 284.19 Comm. a ceasa, a cosnuma `contests', Ériu iv 148.1 . gan chiós gan chaín no chosnamh creíche, RC x 336.19 = gan dúnad gan slúagad, TBC-LL² 2632 . ro triallsat rigi Bretan do chosnum `they attempted the conquest', Cog. 84.4 . do chosnamh duine dhó `to win men', Dán Dé xxiii 24 . do chosnum tosaigh `to gain a lead', Aen. 992 . co truime moir ┐ cosnumh fair opposition (?) (of persons unwilling to undertake a task), 1748 . ceist ┐ caingean ┐ c.¤ , PH 322 .

Attrib. g s. gúbrethaig ┐ áes cosnoma contentious folk, LU 2191 ( FA 27 ). na boin cosnuma `which are subjects of dispute', Laws ii 42.18 Comm. With follg. prepp. cen ch.¤ fris unopposed (of candidate for kingship), Críth G. 435 . tancadur dot cosnum frisin lucht ro ḟácaibh tú `to contend for thee with those . . .', CCath. 1498 . do ch.¤ na hanma frisna haingliu, Otia i 114 § 4 . do ch.¤ na bennachtan frisin mac n-aile (of Jacob and Esau), Celtica iv 8.22 . tiaghmait-ni dia cosnum friu `to contend with them for her', Aen. 553 . a chosnamh fa roinn `to fight him for his share', Content. xiv 25 .

(b) act of defending, protecting; defence, protection (the more freq. meaning in later lang. and of the form cosaint): cosnum a breithe o ro-sn-uca `defend', Laws v 252.9 , cf. iv 28.5 . cosaint do denam, ZCP vi 35.19 . do chionn ar gcosanta, Content. xxx 23 . o nach facaidh ara cosaint hé `on his guard', Stair Erc. 300 . an c.¤ ┐ an cothucchadh do ronsat . . . ina naghaidh `defence and stand', AFM vi 2188.10 . ceand a cosnama chief protector, IGT Verbs ex. 394 = Decl. ex. 1272 . cenn cosnamha . . . Erenn, MR 96.3 . fear cosanta ┐ cothaigthi a cuiccidh fein, AFM iii 396.10 . la taobh a chiosa cosanta `tribute of protection', v 1438.2 . for a chernaibh cosnamha `points of defence', Hugh Roe² 312.7 . cliath cosnaimh, TSh. 6895 . lucht cosnaim dlighe ┐ foghluma, PCT 422 . a[c] c.¤ cert Laigen for firu Mumun defending . . . against, RC xvii 20.19 (Tig.). do chosnamh mo chreidimh orra, Desid. 4841 . dia cabur ┐ dia cosaint on cathgleo, ZCP vi 40.16 .

cosnamach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cosnamach or dil.ie/12618

Forms: -thach

adj o, ā ( cosnam ). Also -thach. contentious, valiant; defensive (freq. in alliteration): fiadha cach a coindelg a ceille cosnamhce acht mear no borb to the extent of his litigious reasoning(?), O'Curry 1616 ( 23 Q 6, 6 b ). curaid . . . chosnamacha, LL 31467 ( TTr. 652 ). for bith cham claen cosnumach, CF 89.17 . do chobhair claindi cosnamaigi C., MR 254.14 . comrada ciuine cosnomacha `winning', TTebe 718 . a lámhaibh cosnamhacha, ML 102.10 . an tigherna Cairdionáil Chosnamhuigh = Cardinal protectour, RSClára 128b .

As subst. o, m. contender, defender : in chosnamaig, in chuilig contentious persons, SR 8338 . T. . . . cosnamhthach in chuiccidh defender, AFM ii 954.12 . cosnamhthach L.C. ré Gallaibh, iii 256.5 . cosnamhach tighe Dathī, ZCP viii 221.1 .

2 cúan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 cúan or dil.ie/13335
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: cuanta

n o, m. c.¤ m. (ón ḟairge, acht canamhain aige), IGT Decl. § 96 . Note n p. cuanta, Celtica i 114 . haven, harbour, bay, gulf (?); expanse or stretch of water, sea, river, waters: allgotha na stiurusmand ic (sic leg., see note) cosnam chúain (`contending for a haven', TTr. 1428 ), LL 32238 . gur gabhamur c.¤ ┐ caladhport a mBeind Ē., Feis Tighe Chonáin 1041 . longa ar cuid . . . don c[h]uan, ML² 1019 . coimét na cūanta don [t]æibh thes do t-[Sh]axanaibh `charge of the harbours', ZCP vi 90.16 . hi ccuan na nCeall mBeg `harbour of Killybegs', Hugh Roe² 120.19 . ō rian Lēime Con na gcuan of the bays (?), ML² 1281 . geisid cuan / ós buindi rúad Rinn dá bharc, Acall. 843 `the haven roars', Murphy Lyrics 49.1 (rather sea or water ?). gurbo lēibenn cobsaid an cuan the sea, ML² 717 . gach abhann chiúin budh cuan mear `a raging sea', Dán Dé xxxi 30 . ó Boind . . . / co cétaib c.¤ , Ériu iv 152.25 . lán cairthi chúain na Suca of the waters (?) of the (River) Suck, IGT Decl. ex. 243 . ? imain fo cumar cuan, Laws v 138.12 .i. in bail in commortaithit cuana, 19 Comm. `driving to the resort of companies' perh. junction of havens or of rivers, etc. Fig. deoch domluis . . . / do ibhis dar gcomhdha i gcuan (to Christ), Aithd. D. 95.19 . arthraigh na hanma . . . i gcuan an chrábhaidh, TSh. 2373 . cunnradh cuain, DDána 48.14 . cuan ghabála, CF² 121 , see gabál . a gcuan einigh . . . Pilip an long `in the harbour of generosity . . . P. is the ship' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 1901 .

Meaning doubtful (vessel ? vat ?) in: súgh cuain, DDána 103.19 . bean don fhuil Uidhir-se ag cuan / . . . gémadh (leg. gomadh ? notes) aithghearr í fa fhíon, 24 . id bhruidhin . . . fíon fuar . . . [ód] chuan, 114.31 . luchd cuain ar chuid a bferuinn (ar do chuid ḟerainn, v.l.) / do ṡreabuill buig úair inill (ubhuill, v.l.), IGT Decl. ex. 517 .

Compds. With nouns. for cúan-bla clíach ┐ crích, Metr. Dinds. ii 22.13 ` resort ' (perh. 1 cúan). os gach cúan-bla `above all places of resort', iii 336.29 . dul . . . ar ceand caer in cuanlocha (of Fraoch), Celtica ii 166 § 40 . uman troigh gcuantais gcneisréidh, Celtica iv 110 § 13 . ba cith-anfad cuan-trachta calaid, MR 236.19 . cuantráigh, Acall. 4690 v.l. With adjj. ó Éirne chuainealaigh with swanhaunted harbours, DDána 70.9 . achadh cuaingheal (sc. Connacht), 92.8 .

? cuisnet

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? cuisnet or dil.ie/13713

ind cuisnit .i. cos-nait .i. cos na dāla forsa n-airiset[h]air in dālaigi. Is cuige ┐ is ūaidhe doagair, ┐ is fuiri arsisedar. Is de nī bī ūtmall ind ái, Corm. Y 321 = Corm. 13 . c.¤ .i. cuis nétens, in tugait taithneamach, in breth co paramail `c. the lawsuit nitens, etc. ', O'Dav. 552 (note compares consniatt .i. cosnam , etc., 516 ). cuindreach claine cuisnite .i. as caindirghaidh dona claenaibh in cuis a neit, O'Curry 1908 ( 23 P 3, 23 (21)bb ). ni tagair for brethem buadach gach cuisniti contuaisi fria guth gile les labra, 2267 ( Eg. 88, 19bb ) = cach cuis ní ti, O'D. 580 ( H 3.17, 444 ).

daingnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. daingnech or dil.ie/14235

n o. A stronghold, fastness . iomad cnoc ┐ daingneach re cosnaṁ na Bioscáine, Keat. 1197 . Rel. Celt. ii 202. 34 .—Usual in Sc., cf. HSD Macd.—See daingen II.

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