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cothad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cothad or dil.ie/12668

 

Forms: cothugad, cothachadh, Conchothaigh

o, more freq. cothugad, vn. of cothaigid. cothachadh, IGT Verbs § 106 (245.3) .

(a) act of supporting, maintaining, preserving : cothud .i. cōemna unde est . . . foreim chot[h]aid .i. foreim cōemna . . . Maol cothaid .i. Māel cōemna, Corm. Y 303 . im indeōin cothaigthe, ZCP viii 112.18 . ri cothugud na caimmi . . . isna claraib to maintain the curve in the planks, LL 30947 ( TTr. 129 ). a ḟer cuisc ┐ cothaigthi, 31570 ( 756 ). ac cotugud na hairce, BB 245b28 . a aen-c.¤ (cothuccudh, v.l.) in tre-tighi `only sustainer', Ir. Lit. 4.4 . c.¤ neirt, ML² 113 . m'óghacht . . . do cothugad, BCC 50.10 . cothughadh, cosnadh, Eg. Gl. 137 . in creidium do chothughadh, ITS xix 70.5 . d'á chothughadh air gur mhaith an gnás an tAifrionn maintaining against him, Eochairsg. 22.32 . ag cothúghadh a bríghe lé luath-iomramh na leastar keeping up its strength (of the sea), ML 46.14 . clár cothuighthi ┐ congmhala bh-fear n-Eirionn, Oss. v 16.11 .

Freq. of battles, etc. ? crith ri cách cothugud (in descr. of Hector), LL 32370 (untransl. TTr. 1560 ). immad cach threlaim . . . bad chothugud ri coṅgbáil catha, 32499 `would be helpful', TTr. 1696 . in cot[h]ughadh ┐ in fossughadh `the supporting', CCath. 5799 . do chothugha in chatha, Celtica i 116.121 . a[c] cur na cath asa cathlaithrechaib ┐ ag a clod asa cothaig[th]ib `positions', Ériu viii 38.24 . ag c.¤ ar a cind is in cathgleo sin `pressing on the combat', MR 262.17 . resin tuarcain . . . ┐ resin cothucud . . . da ronatar `pressure', Cog. 192.8 . cothugad ┐ commaídem écht, ML² 1540 . an uair do-chí in cothachadh `opposition' (in battle), Aithd. D. 20.12 . ag cothughadh re curadhaibh contending, Eachtra Uill. 3039 (cf. cathugud?).

(b) act of sustaining, feeding; food: c.¤ na n-indile, Laws i 42.5 Comm. ag so corp dá chothachadh, Ériu xix 98 § 16 . oidhigh do chothughadh, Rial. S.F. 1811 . misi as biadh, as cothughadh, Desid. 6577 . siád mo dheora mo chothugha lǽthuil, RC xiv 154.4 . eagla mo choda cothuighthe do chailleamh livelihood , Desid. 4404 .

In n. pr. mors Conchothaigh , AU i 212.w . See Corm. Y 303 above.

foram

Cite this: eDIL s.v. foram or dil.ie/23312

 

Forms: foromm, foraim, forim, forimim, foraim, fuirmim, fuirbim, foruime, forma, forma, foraim, foraim, forrame, foromnaib, forom

n n, n. (cf. 1 réim(m)) n s. foromm, SR 3225 . a s. foraim, LU 3254 . forim, 10562 . d s. forimim, LU 5730 = foraim, TBC-I¹ 1257 . cf. fuirmim, Leb. Cert. 38.15 (cited below) = fuirbim, BB 269a25 . g s. foruime, Metr. Dinds. iii 58.52 . forma, O'Dav. 1479 ( ZCP xix 129 ). cf. seol forma , O'Dav. 959 . buaid foraim , TBC-LL¹ 664 seems corrupt; cf. a búadrisi a foraim (in a similar list) LU 4847 . n p. forrame, Ériu iv 163 § 28 . d p. foromnaib, LL 123a27 . In later MSS. final -m is often lenited; cf. forom (: comul), Metr. Dinds. iii 142 .

(a) moving (towards a point), course, progress: foraimh .i. foreimniughadh no siubhal, O'Cl. co romtócba it rígthreib ... m'ḟorom dot rígthig, ZCP x 271.13 . fuair forom féig fíanbera `the flight of a spear' Metr. Dinds. iii 142 . tuc forom for fid `set moving the ... wood', ii 58 . seol formna .i. ini doberar don ti atci in luing fo seol ina forum the ship under sail in her motion, Laws v 300.20 Comm. = O'Dav. 959 (s.v. forma .i. imrum, no foirinn). tricha ruirech, tricha triath, ... ba forumh rí, Acall. 465 = ba foram rí `a king's muster' (but `rí' as gen. is unlikely) Metr. Dinds. iv 370 . cf. taideacht lais fine ar a ḟuirmim `on his march' (prerogative of king of Cashel) Leb. Cert. 38 (= fuirbim, BB 269a25 ). Seems misunderstood; see fo-ruimi.

Freq. in chevilles: foraim n-airgi, ACL iii 296 § 35 . Rí na ndúile, forum n-án `noble motion' Metr. Dinds. iii 102 . forom cert, SR 3149 . foromm cert, 3225 . forom ṅglē, 2511 . 3091 . sechtmoga laech ... beres ar muir forum ndil | a leth blaisc a uigi sin, YBL 84a37 (metrical version of TBithnua 58 ). cnuas ac tuitim, forumh ngnáth, Acall. 456 (= foram, Metr. Dinds. iv 368 ). forumh ngrind, Acall. 494 . forum sceóil, Metr. Dinds. ii 58 .

(b) gait, bearing (?): a foraim, a fómsige, LU 8451. 4847 (perhaps this belongs to c) = a ḟorom, TBC-LL¹ 856 (foraimh St). delb degduine fair ┐ forom flatha leis, Acall. 4203 .

(c) stalking, hunting (generally of hunting birds). With prep. or obj. gen.: innlig noi cairptiu do dul dia toffun, ar ba bés leosum foram for enlaith, IT i 136.2 = forim én ib. 6 ( LU 10562 ). oc foromnaib for énaib, LL 123a27 . foraim én, LU 3254 ( SCC 5 ). oc foroim én, LU 5727 ( TBC-I¹ 1257 ). ni nderbai di forimim inna n-én, LU 5730 . la forum n-ēn ic gach lercc, ZCP viii 120.19 . conastarla ... do ṡeilg ┐ foram mil maige, RC xliii 22.1 (míl m. is probably the subj. of the sentence here). Cf. fesach ... i senforma (necessary qualification of a brethem) H 3.17, c. 657.1 ( ZCP xviii 363 ; see xix 129 , where Thurn. suggests: sén forma a net for bird-snaring. See also Irish Texts iv 26 ; ib. n. 27 ).

(Fig.) foram cotaith ` hunting for support ' (.i. do chungid seoit ┐ biid) RC xxvi 22 § 71 = foreim chotaid .i. foreim coemna, Corm. Y 303 (forrem cothaid LB). ni foramh firinne, ZCP xiii 171.30 .

Cf. domroipnitar forom leth, LU 3867 ( SCC 38 ).

f.¤ cliss name of one of Cú Chulainn's feats (as to its nature see Zimmer ZCP i 95 ): foraithmenathar som a f.¤ cliss [sic leg.] LU 9105. 9121 ( FB 86 ; 87 ; forum clis; forumhclis, Voss. Though printed as a compd. in all the editions there is no doubt that the separation is correct).

Compd. ? ¤less: ni mairnd cairdiu a foramles [for-amles ?], LU 3634 ( SCC 31 ). ¤rith: tecait rompa ina foramrith at the rate of a hunt (?) Lism. L. 2971 .