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cáemna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáemna or dil.ie/7609

 

Forms: caomna, caemna, cáemnad, caomhnaidhe

n io, [n. ?]. Later f. caomna (g s. and n p. id.) f., IGT Decl. § 3 . caemna, Verbs § 47 . Later occas. cáemnad. Note g s. caomhnaidhe (without rhyme) (cáemnugad?), Studies 1920, 99 § 11 . Cf. cáemanta.

(a) act of protecting, keeping : ron-snáda mo C. / don bithchoemnu bías `to the eternal protection', Fél. March 13 . sírchóemna m'anmasa, LU 1193 . bid co[e]mna dó fri dianbas, Trip. 381.10 . is sind ro briss in cóemna, LL 296b11 ( SG 363.1 ). lá na breithe bí gam chaomhna / a chroch Dé, Dán Dé iii 19 . do-dhēandís . . . / cáomhna is coimhēd mo mhacáimh, KMMisc. 360 § 8 . as íad dorinne . . . caomhna ┐ comhfurtacht dom chill, BNnÉ 266 § 234 . báttar . . . seal ar choilltibh c.c. acca ccaomhna `sheltering themselves', AFM v 1764.4 . chum an tsoisgéil . . . do chaomhna to adhere to, Eochairsg. 43.2 . cen caemna edaigh . . . imme, Stair Erc. 124 . Attrib. g s.: an formad seachain, ná tabhair dhó grádh caomhna, Párl. na mB. 1485 . In sense of friendship, camaraderie: an lánamha . . . bhíos i gcaomhna ┐ i gcomann a chéile, TSh. 1104 . caomhna .i. caraid, O'Cl. In concrete sense: tri cáemnai Erend: abdaine Lusca, ríge trí Cúalann, secnabóite Arda Macha `the three comfortable places of Ireland', Triads 46 . caemna Érend Lusca, aíníus Erend Ceanandus, BB 65b12 . caomhna .i. comairce, O'Cl. c.¤ AR protection against : cen co fríth c.¤ ara chomolc `though he found no shelter for his guilt', Metr. Dinds. iv 110.34 . brothracha . . . dia ccaomhna ar fhuacht, Hugh Roe² 22.24 (fo. 6b) . do chaomhnadh na Breatan ar iomruagadh na nGaedheal, Keat. i 6.11 . c.¤ ó: do chaomhna . . . ó gach úabhar, Párl. na mB. 3002 .

? caemna .i. eolus na filidechta, H 3.18, 652a 36 .

(b) act of providing entertainment; pleasure, good cheer, food : cothud .i. cōemna, Corm. Y 303 . fledh . . . / do bí ac Aodh arna caomhna, SG 28.34 . cōemna cōecat bliadnae, Corp. Gen. 70.14 ( Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 15 § 1 ). carthain cǣmna, miscais míchǣmna, MacCongl. 93.26 . frithberta coemnai cumnig dichaemnai, LL 344d18 ( Tec. Corm. § 16.58 ). ni tódúscaither tola o bar corpaib tria choemna, Alex. 982 . ní chuincet téti na comai (coemnai, v.l.) in cenél sa, 840 . dia n-dígba nech ní den airbert bith ┐ din choemna connic do thomailt, 974 . do c[h]ōemhnu nā d'innemh, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. v (1919) 93 § 26 . dlegait aurḟocra co ol / drond dia caemnu cuit, LL 3761 . Domnall rochaith caemna crech, 15850 . ni thormailt bíad no bronnud / no caemna no comloṅgud, Metr. Dinds. iv 326.18 . is lia cach coemna ┐ cach airfitiud forsin talmain, LL 279a9 .

Cf. coimge, cumnad.

cothad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cothad or dil.ie/12668

 

Forms: cothugad, cothachadh, Conchothaigh

o, more freq. cothugad, vn. of cothaigid. cothachadh, IGT Verbs § 106 (245.3) .

(a) act of supporting, maintaining, preserving : cothud .i. cōemna unde est . . . foreim chot[h]aid .i. foreim cōemna . . . Maol cothaid .i. Māel cōemna, Corm. Y 303 . im indeōin cothaigthe, ZCP viii 112.18 . ri cothugud na caimmi . . . isna claraib to maintain the curve in the planks, LL 30947 ( TTr. 129 ). a ḟer cuisc ┐ cothaigthi, 31570 ( 756 ). ac cotugud na hairce, BB 245b28 . a aen-c.¤ (cothuccudh, v.l.) in tre-tighi `only sustainer', Ir. Lit. 4.4 . c.¤ neirt, ML² 113 . m'óghacht . . . do cothugad, BCC 50.10 . cothughadh, cosnadh, Eg. Gl. 137 . in creidium do chothughadh, ITS xix 70.5 . d'á chothughadh air gur mhaith an gnás an tAifrionn maintaining against him, Eochairsg. 22.32 . ag cothúghadh a bríghe lé luath-iomramh na leastar keeping up its strength (of the sea), ML 46.14 . clár cothuighthi ┐ congmhala bh-fear n-Eirionn, Oss. v 16.11 .

Freq. of battles, etc. ? crith ri cách cothugud (in descr. of Hector), LL 32370 (untransl. TTr. 1560 ). immad cach threlaim . . . bad chothugud ri coṅgbáil catha, 32499 `would be helpful', TTr. 1696 . in cot[h]ughadh ┐ in fossughadh `the supporting', CCath. 5799 . do chothugha in chatha, Celtica i 116.121 . a[c] cur na cath asa cathlaithrechaib ┐ ag a clod asa cothaig[th]ib `positions', Ériu viii 38.24 . ag c.¤ ar a cind is in cathgleo sin `pressing on the combat', MR 262.17 . resin tuarcain . . . ┐ resin cothucud . . . da ronatar `pressure', Cog. 192.8 . cothugad ┐ commaídem écht, ML² 1540 . an uair do-chí in cothachadh `opposition' (in battle), Aithd. D. 20.12 . ag cothughadh re curadhaibh contending, Eachtra Uill. 3039 (cf. cathugud?).

(b) act of sustaining, feeding; food: c.¤ na n-indile, Laws i 42.5 Comm. ag so corp dá chothachadh, Ériu xix 98 § 16 . oidhigh do chothughadh, Rial. S.F. 1811 . misi as biadh, as cothughadh, Desid. 6577 . siád mo dheora mo chothugha lǽthuil, RC xiv 154.4 . eagla mo choda cothuighthe do chailleamh livelihood , Desid. 4404 .

In n. pr. mors Conchothaigh , AU i 212.w . See Corm. Y 303 above.