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airlithir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airlithir or dil.ie/2222
Last Revised: 2019

 

v (cf. 1 airle)

(a) advises, counsels: is he nodairlestar ar a gais it was he gave advice on account of his wisdom, Ériu iii 140.158 (= conid he roscobair tria gaes, Cymmr. xiv 116 § 17 ). dilmuin do boethuib nad nairliut gaith fools whom the wise do not advise are exempt, Laws ii 82.7 = na nairliter, O'Curry 684 (H. 3.18 p. 333). Cf. airlethfimne na hóga .i. do ghéunam leathnughadh no comhairliughadh ar na laochaibh, O'Cl. (airle). With prep. DO: is and airlestar Eithne . . . dia haitib dul doib . . . advised her fosterers, Ériu iii 140.156 (= dobreth E. iarsin comairle dia meithre, Cymmr. xiv 116 § 17 ). ? táet Lugaid chuci or Ailill ┐ ara n-airlathar dó in n-ingin and let him advise him [to accept] the girl(?), LU 5864 = taet L. chuci or siat, ┐ aranarlathar, ZCP ix 154.22 (see ad-gládathar).

(b) consults, asks advice of: airliter cumni cóich comarbai cré , LU 3474 ( SCC² § 25 `let memories be consulted to learn to which heir the land belongs'). collaa dún . . . issa ndúnad co n-airlither (.i. co n-iarfaigea) Lugaid mac Nóiss, 5991 ( TBC-I¹ 1523 ). is imbe rotairles sech na ridiribh eile, Grail 2846 . deliberates, considers: mani airlestar, TBC-I¹ 74 (`if heed is not taken of him', Faraday 5 ).

(c) takes a resolution, resolves, determines: roairlesatar Connachta . . . techtaireda ūaidib, TBC-I¹ 3098 . ? In cheville: arnamāirech doibh / for muir miadh (= mad?) airleth (: bairgedh), ZCP x 344 § 12 . tiucfa la Flann Cinach / a coimpert madh airledh (: bairgen) well has it been decided(?), § 21 . ro-airliset īerom Connachtae i comairle cid di-gēndais 'the Connachtmen then decided in council what they should do', BDC 122.282 .

(d) looks after, sees to: arndip maith nairlethar a muintir `that he care well for his household', Wb. 28b32 . nipa díless duit an í hi tái mani cáinairlither gl. si permanseris in bonitate, 5b38 . Note also: airlethar no móras gl. sed quem Dominus commendat, 17b22 (wrong interpretation of commendat?).

(e) arranges, regulates: arlifimni na hócu chena conná gébat forsin tslóg (of the Galióin), LU 4648 ( TBC-I¹ 187 ). ? dia ard airlathar / aingel indrechta, 1156 (ACC). is and ro airled ri ┐ aithech here (i.e. in the Senchas Mór) was fixed (the difference between) king and serf, ZCP xvi 175 § 2 ( Laws i 40 ). is and ro-airled dire cáich fo miad, § 3 (ib.). is i Senchas Mor ro-airletha na cetheora cána, 176 § 6 . it teora eirce airliter, Laws iii 26.17 .i. erluaidhter na teora eirce, 25 Comm. slicht eitgedh airligter, 536.3 .i. eraluaiter aisneis na eirci, z Comm. ? ni ragaid mani deib cumachtachaib / arlidir crib coternam, LL 1620 = manab dib cumachta clanntar / crib airlither cat .i. munab cumachtach sibh ar erluadh no ar urfoichill catha do cor co crib no . . . biodh urfoichill chatha co luath libh, Leb. Gab.(i) 254.7 = ni raghadh muna deibh clandtar cirb airligther cath, BB 40a54 . prescribes, decrees: bailechro a n-ifernd ro-n-airlestar Dia fri pianadh na pecdhach `which God has designed', Ériu ii 132 § 108 . nad inand airlither Dīa do gach dāen, Anecd. v 23.2 .

Note also: conidnarlaid (.i. co roairlestar) síth iar sáeth, Thes. ii 332.17 .

airsa

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airsa or dil.ie/2374

 

Forms: airsan, aursain, aursainne, aursainde, ursainde

n n, f. See Lochlann ii 212 . Later also airsan. n s. aursain, g s. aursainne, a p. aursainde, O'Curry 810 ( H 3.18, 374b ). g s. ursainde, MacCongl. 59.5 . door-post, jamb: aurso .i. or-sīn.i. ala n-or di i teg. a n-aill fri sīn. Aliter: aursa .i. airisi .i. arsisidar in tech fuirre, Corm. Y 35 . irsa .i. airisiu .i. is fuirri thairisius in teg uile . . . ostium latine , 782 . innill .i. in ello .i. indtus .i. i n-ursae, 764 (cf. innill .i. urasa, O'Cl.). i n-aursain n-airthir thige, Críth G. 216 . fo far n-ursannaib, SR 3918 . fora aursainde ┐ a airinchiu, O'Curry 810 ( H 3.18, 374b ). ónd ursaind díarali (of a house), LU 1708 . ni facbatis ursaind na comla . . . cen mhinugad, LB 156a55 . a di ursaind irard . . . ar dorus, IT iii 51 § 94 . ursanna cre[d]umha, Ériu iii 156 § 9 . leth-orsa gacha tigi oil, Fen. 166.1 . sé san orsain ar ursgáth, A. Ó Dálaigh 1 37 . le hosnaduibh elbhadh / a n-orsanaibh oirbedh stakes(?), IGT Decl. ex. 156 .

Fig. an bás san orsain agat, DDána 1.1 . do bhris ortha ursana (ursanda prohibited form) he defeated them, IGT Decl. ex. 1887 . i n-orsain ar n-ealadhan `in support of my cause', Content. xxi 23 . níor loc ó orsain éin-ghliadh, ib. n.7 . géabhad orsain don iomarg `I will undertake to sustain the fight', xxii 23 .

Of persons: anté as ursa don imshníomh who causes anx- iety(?), DDána 121.29 . dá ursain bhiadhta na mbocht, Ó Bruad. iii 214.10 . badh é ursa ar n-adhmholta, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxi 4 . mar ursain chirt, Hackett xl 151 . ursa chogaidh chríche Breagh, TD 17.55 . cia an Cú Chullainn bhus ursa re plé iompa? `a Cu. C. to act as their advocate', Ó Bruad. ii 4 iii .

? athbáes

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? athbáes or dil.ie/4664

 

n (báes): rún athbhaoise cré ghlan cháidh / 'sé is athbhaois dár n-eadráin, O'Rah. 218.7 (1900) .

breth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breth or dil.ie/6758
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: brith, -e, breith, breith, -e, breith

ā, f. vn. of beirid. O. Ir. also brith i (with g s. in -e) (?), see GOI § 294 (b) , 727 . Later usually breith (d s. form). breith, f. g s. -e, IGT Decl. § 14 (69.6) . breith, Verbs § 13 . m., Beatha S. F. 1088 ; but breath in the sense `judgement´, Ériu lviii 154 ..

(a) act of carrying, bearing : fer brithe lésboiri gl. acolitum, Wb. 25d3 . asrous iarom a brith they were unable to bring it (a small pig), LU 1743. tōet nech ūaib . . . dia brith to carry it (a vessel of milk), ZCP viii 310.9 . a corp du brid taris syr da adhnacud `his body was borne eastwards over sea', Ann. Inisf. 1260.4 . teachtaire . . . / re breith sgéal `to bring messages', Dán Dé xiv 1 .

(b) act of bearing, bringing forth; parturition, birth : b.¤ et altram , Wb. 10b1 . óg re mbreith cen chuit cleithe, / óg i n-aimsir fírbreithe `a virgin before bearing', Blathm. 639 - 40 . co mbeba dot breith (: chleith) / do mathair, LL 18503. ar thrumme inna brithe, 33190 ( Fraech 107 ). saer bru beiris brith `that brings forth', Laws iii 312.20 Comm. mar mhnaói ag breith = that travaileth, Isaiah xiii 8. re linn beirthe Chríost, Keat. i 46.23 . breith . . . ar Slánuightheora, Donlevy 448.10 . glasgeg darach fo brith `the green branch of an oak in bearing', RC xxiv 196 § 11 (see Cín Chille Cúile 99-100 n. 117 ). deich nuain do breith in aoínḟecht d'aon chaoiridh, AFM iii 608.7 . Med. womb : dortadh fola . . . on breith (= matrix, Vocab.), Rosa Angl. 26.3 . no a muchad na breithe ac mnaim suffocatio hysterica (see Gloss.), 92.3 .

(c) act of carrying away, taking (with one) (opp. of tabart), Frequ. with LA with ref. to logical subject of vn. phr. In physical and abstract senses: mad fíu lib mo ainechsa do breith less, Wb. 14a4 . a b.¤ ┐ a tabairt `its taking and its giving', Laws iv 48.1 Comm. nir lam didu nech do feraib Herenn a b.¤ leis `durst carry him away', RC xxiv 190.15 . rinn a bhaise do bhreith lais, Dán Dé xv 33 . gorta dom brith, Irish Texts i 35.26 . mórán . . . nach feudfadaois do bhreith leó (= non potestis portare, Joh. xvi 12 ), Eochairsg. 14.17 .

(d) act of carrying off, securing, winning (a game, etc.): breith nó caill na glóire `the gaining . . . of the glory', Donlevy 186.7 . fá bhreith . . . na maithiosa saoghaltha (= gain in Span. text), Desid. 2762. in ferann uile do breith don ingín a dualgus bancomarbais `all the land is obtained by the daughter', Laws iv 40.20 Comm. See díriuch, techtugad. Note also: sdíoma bruit h'eich imtheachduigh / dá breith dhuit re ndonnchorcair you prefer the fringe of your horsecloth to (a) crimson (robe) (?), IGT Decl. ex. 121.

(e) act of carrying off, away (from, etc. with meaning limited by prepp.): inna fecheman .i. do breith neich assom (dobreithnechtassom, MS.) gl. depraedationi . . . creditorum, Ml. 127b1 . mo máthair do brith a cacht to take . . . from bondage, Ériu iv 98.2 . ar iss ed a cert-som a findtid do breith ar fine (Comm.) `to hold their family-land against the fine', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 151 .z . brith in chísa út díbh, RC xxvii 294 § 58. ní inchoisget sidi ní iarna ṁbrith onaib rannaib frisṁbiat `after being taken from the parts of speech', Sg. 202b3 . dot breithsiu úanna `to carry thee off from us', Mon. Tall. 153.27 . nir' āil dōib a thaissi do brid dō ūaithib, ZCP iii 35.9 . cia forúair a mbreith chucca? `who caused them to be brought to her?' Metr. Dinds. iii 386.11 . mo breith co hArdmacha (my body) to be carried to A., Cog. 200.26 . A. . . . dom breth co sid sogar `A. . . . to bear me to gainful peace', Gorm. Aug 29. ba cōru ind eich uccu[t] do breith dond espug, ZCP viii 106.22 . narbo cuman lia muintir si a breith leo do Cill Dara `did not remember to bring it (sc. a flitch of bacon) with them to K.', Thes. ii 339.15 . ind aiccend do brith for antepeneuilt `the bringing . . . on', Sg. 216b1 . iarna breith sech ingru / for dindgnu secht nime, Fél. Ep. 119. da breith for nem to bring it (sc. the soul) to heaven, ACL iii 216.6 . a mbrith i ndoiri `to carry them into slavery', Ml. 33c13 . dod b.¤ i tech péne `to bring thee into the house of pain', Ériu ii 222.7 . dia mbreith in óitith `to bring them (back) into youth', Sg. 63b6 . gá breith a ceann choinghleaca (a horse), IGT Decl. ex. 1187.

With DO, FRI act of referring (to): a brith do israheldaib `its reference to the Israelites', Ml. 36c20 . 36c21 . 37a10 . á brithe do iudaib `of its reference to the Jews', 37a6b . a mbrith fri corpu peccatorum `to refer to etc.', Wb. 13d4 . a brith frisa ndliged remeperthe, 23c11 .

(f) bre(i)th for (ar) act of catching up on, overtaking : drem . . . do breith forro i mB. `came up with them at B.', Ann. Conn. 1260.14 . ticedh sī do breit a mbethaidh orum `let her come if she would find me alive', ZCP vi 99.14 . go bhfanfaidis re sgéala do bhreith ortha for news to reach them, Celt. Rev. x 142.14 . ba geis do flaithibh Temrach eirge ngreine do breith forra alla astigh do shecht múraibh na T., BNnÉ 324 § 39 . iar mbreith do chéd tosach an geimhridh ┐ don oidhche fa da fair `when . . . the beginning of winter . . . has set in', AFM v 1792.16 . oibre . . . ar nach fuil breith uair oile for which no other time can be found, Parrth. Anma 2411. ní fhuil breith air gan díommbuaidh gcatha do bheith ort `there is no avoiding defeat for thee', Keat. iii 936. fa bheith . . . ag breith amuigh ar an Eagluis Romhanaigh censuring (?) the Roman Church (lit. catching out ), Luc. Fid. 2818. ag breith ar láimh ar Dh. taking D. by the hand, Desid. 638.

(g) act of judging, deciding; judgment, legal ruling, interpretation: immess fírían do brith for cach, Ml. 103c15 . bím do bhreith le bior an troighigh / nach reic[h] cion an oinigh orm, IGT Decl. ex. 812. Frequ. in figura etymologica: is ón spirut rouiccius brith, Wb. 9b6 . éitset frisin precept et berat brith fuiri gl. diiudicent, 13a11 . berid cách brith for arele gl. suspiciones malae, 29b9 . ber brith étrunn, Ml. 38c28 . á rí beres bretha, Fél. Ep. 416. ag breith breithe, RC xliii 8 § 2. ergc co C. cor-ruca brith fort, Ériu ii 222.4 . a ghníomh do fhlaith béaraidh breith a prince's deeds shall judge him, DDána 91.9 . Note further: na bretha scribatar and in æpistolis , Wb. 17b2 . am gáeth i mbretaib, LU 10287 (TE). cosnum a breithe o ro-sn-uca `to defend his decision when he has given it', Laws v 252.9 . imtiagad breatha ilbruige, 466.15 . i mbreathaib aicnigh ┐ cuibse ┐ screbtra, 452.20 . satharn do brethaib, Críth G. 547. a mbreith údair `in the decision of an author', Leb. Cert. 204.14 . In titles of legal tracts: Breatha Comaithcesa, Laws iv 68 . ZCP xv 315.12 . bretha dein checht, Bretha § 1 . córus breatha neimead, O'D. 2189 (Nero A vii, 132a). See neimed. breith le báidh a partial decision, Content. vi 176. do chuir Molaise do bhreith aithrighe air dul i nAlbain `imposed as penance on him', Keat. iii 1358. ruc Ioseph doib . . . / breith cóir foran-aslingthe interpretation , SR 3270.

(h) In phrases: tuc a b.¤ fen do braigdib dó whatever hostages he wished, RC xviii 274.14 (Tig.). asbert Mugain frisin mbancanti dobérad a b.¤ féin di día mbenad, etc. whatever she liked, LU 4223. fuair Ráth bhoth a breath leannáin `R. obtained its chosen love' (in appointment of prelate), Arch. Hib. i 96 § xii . gon ar breith (sic leg.) dhó (gan air a chumas, v.l.), BNnÉ 158 § 11 (see Éigse ix 272 ). ata gach uile ní ar breith (no comas) don tí creitfes = omnia possib[i]lia sunt cre- denti (note f.), ITS xix 44.22 . ná bíodh ar breith a úabhair `let him not be led by pride' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 26. 219.22. tabhram fad bhreith / . . . / nua na calla `let me put 'neath Thy power', Dán Dé xvi 8 . an maor do bhí ar gach mbaile / tug Brian fa bhreith a dtoile `placed beneath the authority of its folk', Content. v 75. ní nár dhuit dol fár mbreith-ne `to yield to our judgment', vii 16 . Note further: tíachtain tar do breith `to transgress thy judgment', Ériu iv 134.22 .

(i) With various nouns: is fer bret[h]i budi ┐ oirbiri `a man great in thanksgivings and in upbraidings', MacCongl. 87.9 . is cóir buidheachas do bhreith ré Dia `to give thanks to God', Donlevy 6.15 . eolus do breith ann `to find out the way thither', MR 276.14 . breith do roghuin . . . diomoladh na neolghach d'fulang, tar a bheith dorcha air chách preferring , Donlevy xxii 16 . See 1 enech, robud. céim do bhreith tar Chambrens ag cáineadh na n-Éireannach to go a step beyond Cambrensis, Keat. i 40.8 . See léimm. Note further: d'aicsin Dé is ní dom breith buan `to see Him, not to save myself', Dán Dé xxvi 41 .

? b.¤ .i. sith no cain, aprobio a greig, pax uobis a laidin, sith no si[th]cain a gaoidheilg, O'Dav. 323.

Compds. With nouns: a breat[h]aga (: lethḟada) time for judgment, ACL iii 235 § 20. bráthchæi .i. brethcheo ǽi, Corm. 7. re bhreithcheirt a breitheamhan ` justice ', MR 102.16 . ar bhéin re breithionnadh (breitindead, breith fionna, v.ll.) mbreath, LMuimhneach 425.293 . cét mbó mbrethlaind `a hundred well-selected cows' ( Corm. Tr. 26 ), Corm. Y 179. ? Cf. búalann. robae ar brethlaind Midi immuig / M. . . ., Rawl. 164b11 . na brethlaind `in his place of judgment' ( Arch. Hib. ii 84 § 30 ), LL 23969. fāeisidi . . . / cona brethlogad as bind confession . . . with Absolution, ACL iii 237 § 24. F. . . . / barr uas brethraind bithbuadaig, LL 15939. báire breath-sholuis gacha bréithre, MR 108.18 .

With adjj.: buaidh mbreatha (inbetha, v.l.) breathadh- bhail, IT iii 57 § 107.10 . firinne bruinnti, bretheamhanda, breth-fhuaslaictheach ` redeeming ', MR 98.18 . ainm bechtglan (breathglan, v.l.), ITS xxxv 94 § 11 .

canánach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. canánach or dil.ie/8131

 

Forms: canónach, cananach

n o, m. (canóin). Also canónach. canon regular; canon of cathedral chapter: cananach gl. canonicus, Ir. Gl. 437 . A. . . . do ecc a Lis Gabail ina chananach, Ann. Conn. 1373.4 . pian na manach ┐ na c.¤ , Aisl. Tond. 104 § 4 . Conaing . . . cenn c.¤ Rosa Cré , AFM iii 10.7 . a tticch canānaigh, Beatha S. F. 2872 . guidhim Auguistin óghach / gona (sic leg.) chéadaibh canónach, Dán Dé xxv 65 (Canons Regular were named after St. Augustine). go canānchaibh . . . thempaill Petair, Fl. Earls 172.31 . ar mbeith . . . dó ina ch.¤ i dteampoll chaidrealta (of Calvin), Eochairsg. 22.9 .

Fig.: is iat clann G. ro ba chanánaig choraidh ar in gcomairle gcruadchroidigsin (i.e. prime instigators, leaders), Caithr. Thoirdh. 59.10 .

clethchor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clethchor or dil.ie/9462

 

n o, m. (1 cleth + 1 cor) palisade, fence, hurdle : Cré is Caire na clethchur `of the palisades', Metr. Dinds. iii 276.15 . Attrib. g s. Mumaín . . . / in coclaig craebaig clethchuír, BB 62a30 . In n.loc.. ainm an inaidh sin . . . Druim Cleathchóir, SG 23.15 . In various applications: dá chrand cháela táeb re táeb / sesin féin ar cleathcor cháel `on a narrow hurdle' (of a corpse), Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 13 . cona bai [ní] ic congbail a inne . . . ann acht an clet[h]cur sleg seimnech sithremar batar comtharsna trena cnes, CCath. 3635 . clethchur fiacal imma cend, LL 4582 . iter c.¤ ndub ṅdaelabrat, BDD² 1020 (`a fence of eyelashes', Gloss.). Of an array of warriors: ollmass in cethrur . . . / ba clethchur sáer co sognass, Metr. Dinds. ii 66.10 ( LL 25673 ). cleathcur fa calma in cach cath / in ceathror merda menmnach, iii 358.31 . cleathchur .i. cráobha coibhneasa no gega comhgháoil, O'Cl. da fer dec is cethri cain / ropo chlethchur co cetaib (of a line of kings), Rawl. 163a13 . c.¤ coem (name of a metre), IT iii 51 § 94 . fiscomarca filed .i. duili berla ┐ clethchor choem, 49 § 91 .

1 cóich

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cóich or dil.ie/10067

 

Forms: cúich, coiche

pron later cúich (see GOI §§ 460 , 466 ). ? coiche, LL 1563 .

(a) whose is? With pl. ending whose are? is inderb coich inmug `whose is the slave', Sg. 209b30 . airliter cumni c.¤ comarbai cré , LU 3474 ( SCC 25 ) `to what heir . . . belongs', ZCP xv 189 . cóichet na heich?, LU 8522 . cóig, Anecd. iii 46.16 . cúich ind nóidiu?, Ériu iv 96.11 . ni ardamair armad ch.¤ whose it was (?), LL 37040 . ni fess cúich less, cúich amless and, 37578 ( ZCP xi 84 § 32 ). cóichi and na eóin sin?, TBC-LL¹ 1327 (leg. cóichit, Wi.). ? is nath coiche cach, O'D. 1212 (H 2.15, 84a).

In ordinary senses of 2 cía. (b) who? what? coich thussu? LU 3328 ( SCC 12 ). noconḟetar cúich in cū Culaind, TBC-I¹ 65 . coich boi coich bía. LU 873 (ACC; see Ériu xii 205 ). caiche na caillecha?, Lism. L. 322.37 (`whose are'). friscomhairc cioa bo cuich en læch, RC xii 72 § 44 , cársa c.¤ thú?, Mer. Uil. 99 . cuich so againn?, RC xiv 32 § 20 . ro-ḟ[i]arfaighsid de cuith é féin, KMMisc. 315.6 (for the form cf. ZCP vi 39.31 , 90.20 , 276.5 ). cúith, IGT Introd. § 16 (7.36) . cuich nach caineand?, Magauran 624 .

(c) As indef.: gidh cuich ┐ gidh cuin whoever and whenever, IGT Metr. Faults§ 24 . coch be a sruithe `however aged they may be', Mon. Tall. 152.31 . cidh cuich uaibh hé whichever of you it may be, SG 25.5 . gé cúich dámadh aithnidh uaibh, Celtica ii 157 § 5 .

colainn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. colainn or dil.ie/10477

 

Forms: colann, colann, calann, colinn, colno, chollno, cholin, colinn, -ain

n i, f. Later colann. colann calann f., IGT Decl. § 37 . Cf. indiu is do cendaib colla tall, Laws i 44.1 . n s. colinn, Wb. 26a23 . g s. (inna) colno , 4a9 (gl. carnem), 9c10 , 31d2 . chollno, Wb. 3d1 . d s. cholin, 10b20 . colinn, 15d14 . -ain, Ml. 38c9 .

(a) body; flesh : is Iesse as bunad do-ssom . . . iár colinn gl. secundum carnem, Wb. 6d10 . ar n-athir iar colinn, 2b23 . hi fóisite césto dia cholin-som, 3d24 . ar colno císu `the taxes of our flesh', Thes. ii 325.19 (Hy. iv). tol cholno (attrib. g s.), Wb. 20c20 . ar Chríst crochais c.¤ , Fél. Mar. 12 . itir lacht ┐ gnimraidh ┐ c.¤ (of cattle), Laws ii 66.18 . ri thanic i colla crí, SR 7517 . sírchóemna m'anmasa / scéo colla, LU 1194 . dergnat colla, 3470 ( SCC 25 ). i llaxai ┐ i téti a collai, 2195 ( FA 27 ). caradradh do cholna .i. cairdes cíche ┐ glúine, Ériu xiii 45.22 . ar nís gaodae fír chairde na caraid colna, 44.25 . gérbho soicenelach hé iar cc.¤ , RC xxv 390 § 3 . colund gl. caro, Ir. Gl. 919 . o chaithes in choland in mbiad, PH 4800 . an chalann chuil, Dán Dé xxviii 33 . chalann (: anam), TSh. 3314 (cit.). (attá) i colainn (is) alive; (is) in human form : ro bói Crist i colinn gl. secundum carnem, Wb. 15d14 . céin bai hi colaind, LU 1967 ( FA 3 ). tearc do choimbeodha i gcoluinn, DDána 74.64 .

(b) corpse, carcass; trunk : troigh mná troghain / for a ccollaib, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, 93 § 19 . cend na mnā for indara burt ┐ colann for in burt n-ailiu, Cáin Ad. 7 . urba ria collaib (it is lawful) to make a gap for the conveyance of corpses, Laws iv 154.22 . cach mairt mainighther coland i sleib, v 330.15 Comm. co farnic in colann cen cend, Corm. Y 1018 (p. 87.y). uallfaidh coin ōs collaib crē , Ériu xviii 70 § 59 . bā coland cen chend / bā cend cen cholaind (of a useless proceeding), MacCongl. 73.12 , 13 .

(d) In Laws, material subject of a bargain etc.; principal, capital, object pledged or lent; corpus delicti; basis, ground, cause (of a claim, charge); substance (of which an article is made); is ruidhlis do neoch an dosli a coland fadeisin (i.e. a man is fully entitled to what his own capital earns), O'Curry 396 ( H 3.18, 221a ). duine dorigne cunnra . . . ┐ nocho rucadh colann uadha (i.e. the subject of the bargain was not actually handed over), O'D. 575 ( H 3.17, 443 ). fer meodhon gaide . . . ┐ nocha tarrustar colund aice (i.e. the stolen article was not found with him), O'Curry 2159 ( Eg. 88, 4 ). techta fuillema gill capuill . . . ailid tri ech ina muin la aithgin a collnna compensation equivalent to the original pledge, Laws v 406.3 . techta fuillema gill escra . . . do-s-li .u. seotu trenib . . . trian di setaib faithche, trian di setaib tige, trian di colaind fadeisin, la aithgin a chollnna i comdire a escra, 410.3 , 4 ( di colaind fadesin .i. di comchinoil .i. di umha, 10 Comm. ). ni lais dire a seoit, acht c.¤ aithgena nama `nur das Corpus (der Gegenstand) des Ersatzes' (of a `fuidir'), Ir. Recht 63 § 1 (coland v.l.) (i.e. because the lord to whom he is bound pays his fines, he also gets the `díre' due to the `fuidir' whose goods have been stolen or damaged) = Laws v 512.5 . fertair c.¤ aithgena cachae dia trise co [m]boin inna muin `the body of compensation of each is paid after three days, with a cow in addition,' Laws v 400.z . it dilsi collnaib ┐ aithginaib `sind sie verfallen, die Gegenstände (selber) und (= oder ihr) Ersatz', ZCP xiv 379 § 42 . is tualaing a lesaigthi ar in nech do beir no cren acht coland fri rathugad techta nama (of levying compensation for stolen goods introduced into a (king's) residence), Laws iii 242.1 (? he is liable for the restoration only of the object stolen if his good faith is adequately vouched for). ní híctur acht colunn náma the original pledge only (not the increase, in the case of an animal which has had young while in pledge), i 280.16 Comm. fuilgenn .i. inas na colla nó aithgin `increase of the . . . object pledged(?) or the equivalent', O'Dav. 862 . fer i taib no [in] airceand íte coland a feich `(the destruction of) the grass at the side or at the end (of the field) is the substance of the liability', Laws iv 120.z . eacur colla fiach adgairtur dicolla athgabail `let the original debts claimed be balanced against the original distress', ii 98.5 , 6 . do tuitet a colann feich olchena `they are all forfeited for the original debt', i 224.3 Comm. Also with follg. sét (g p.), colainn sét being translated Wertgegenstand by Thurneysen: ferdair collna set i naithcu(i)r `es werden (nur) die Wertgegenstände (selber) als Rückgabe gegeben', ZCP xiv 387 § 52 ( Laws ii 322.5 ). con-fodlait(h)er colla set saire i n-erenaiter fri somaine `es werden die Wertgegenstände mit der "Freiheit", in der sie gegeben worden sind, gegen die Leistungen abgewogen', ibid. (2). la diabul n-aithgina do collnaib set ┐ do somaine `neben dem Doppel-Ersatz der Wertgegenstände und der Leistungen', 390 § 57 (330.5). is eccen a n-athgin fo coibne fria collna set, no set adgo fechem dar a n-esse `compensation proportionate to the original articles' (of fine goblets etc. given in pledge), Laws v 408.2 . mad ar diumand in ceile in-asa in flaith a seotu, is dilis don cele log n-einech dib do collaib set aithgena, na toglen somaine collna set `ist dem Genossen sein Ehrenpreis aus ihnen, aus den Wertgegenständen des Ersatzes verfallen, ohne dass den Wertgegenständen Leistungen anhaften', ZCP xiv 391 § 59 ( Laws ii 336.5 , 6). ? ro fes as n-erraithi de collna denta .i. ro fes conad e ícus intí doroine denta indlightecha frisin colainn, O'Curry 2160 ( Eg. 88, 4 ).

Compds. With noun. -ér(a)ic wergild : colainn-ēr(a)ic `Leichen-Bezahlung', Ir. Recht 14.13 . colannéric deoraidh do thabhairt inntu `die Tötungsbusse eines Ausländers', 68.3 . co colainderce cert `to the exact amount of the body-price', Bretha 23 . With Vn. claidem cruaidhgher colundledartha, Aen. 2499 . With adj. i mogal cháidh cholannghlan, Aithd. D. 76.7 .

comáes

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comáes or dil.ie/10588

 

Forms: comáes

(1 áes)

I As subst. contemporary, coeval : sech mo chomáessa gl. coaetaneos, Wb. 18c16 . da chomais sind . . . da chutrummae we are two of the same age, LU 6013 . bratt don chriaid era chomais, LB 226 marg. sup. óinḟer . . . dia chomaltaib ┐ comáisib, Imr. Brain 32 . ó nach mairid dom chomáis, Ériu iv 158.25 . nī marait mo comāisi, ACL iii 312 IX § 9 . do-rinne cré dom chomhaois, Aithd. D. 69.6 . ecsamail fria a comaosu, Lism. L. 1226 .

adj II Freq. in g s. as qualifier, of the same age as, coeval with: fer cumtha ┐ comaesa P., BB 455a23 .

(a) With prec. possess. gilla a chomais dim muntir a youth of his own age, TBC-LL¹ 2085 (comáoisi, chomadais (LU), v.ll.). adbar a comaesa, CCath. 3200 v.l. le maigdenaibh a comaoisi fein, ZCP i 124.16 .

(b) In direct attrib. use: gach duine ina ionadh cinti coimhaoisi, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1715 `among his coevals', Gloss., but perh. as vague allit. epithet. mo cheile cubaid comaisi, Anecd. i 78.14 (comadhais, v.l.). cona hoctur inghin comaesa, ZCP xiii 175.26 . a cháirde chróidhe chómhaois, Atlantis iv 130.19 .

(c) Predic. (somet. also comáes, appar. n s.): it é comaesa comchóire comáilli, BDD² 679 . na huli nóiden ba comoesi do Crist, LB 140b18 . oenmac . . . in athar sin is comaesa ┐ is cutruma fris fén, 256a52 . nech bus comaosa riu, O'D. 599 ( H 3.17, 450.1 ). comáesa na dá chéile, Metr. Dinds. iii 76.122 . ba comaosa disi . . . a ceili .i. Ailill, ZCP i 104.5 . 's gur chomhaois iad na ndíbeirt [viz. Túathal and Corb Ólum] the same age when banished, Content. xv 42 . indili comloigi cin cub comoes . . .; indili comaesa cin cub cumloigi, O'D. 1562 ( H 5.15, 3a ). aos tiucfa dībh-sidhe / . . . comaós comc[h]osmaile, ZCP viii 211 § 57 . am comhaes re bhar n-aithribh / . . . / im (leg. ní? Ed.) chomaeis ar comhchluicheo, Acall. 1383 .

comairdid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comairdid or dil.ie/10645

 

v (comard) IGT Verbs § 56 . puts on a level with: Ros Cré re tealaigh Tailltean / tré ealuidh Cé comairtear, ex. 490 (comairdtear, comhairtir, v.ll.).

comarb(b)ae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comarb(b)ae or dil.ie/10741

 

n io, m. (orbbae) Cf. comharba uasalchille, Études Celt. xii 521 . heir, successor : it sib ata chomarpi Abracham gl. heredes, Wb. 19c20 . conrandat comarba cetamus a randa ┐ a sealba, Laws iv 68.20 . atat .iii. caine nad chumgat comarbai do chumscuchud, 210.26 . da comarba treabar im easeart, 128.3 . athgabail comarba conrandat curu a nathur, i 216.2 . comarba aicinta natural heir, O'Curry 1227 ( H 3.18, 492b ). ní fil . . . scoth ná comarpa úad, Trip.² 861 . sochla sám comarbbae, Corp. Gen. 47.36 . tabairt mna dó fo déig co farcbad comarba, LU 10166 . cóich comarbai cré `to what heir the land belongs', ZCP xv 188 § 9 ( LU 3474 ; SCC² 271 , retoiric). lín cend comorba the number of heirs, Ériu i 215.22 . a chomhḟorba ┐ a chrioch .i. neanaidh truim ┐ tradhnaidhe (a curse), v 94.18 . fo selba Cuind comarbae `to the estates of Conn's heirs', xvi 46.13 . atrubalt iarom ┐ ní fargaib fer comurbai male heir, RC x 66.7 (ICM). comarba meic, Acall. 4914 . do-llega a chlanda ┐ a chomarbbu, ZCP xi 85 § 38 . ni chechrat mo comarbai alacomorba nad n-acatar i n-orbaib æithre (= aithre) aendān `my successors (heirs, posterity?) will not love an outsider whom they have never seen in their paternal heritage', xii 364.31 . airm gen fiadnu ┐ carbaid cen comarbada owners(?), occupiers(?), TTebe 3050 . Ioin mac Zepedeíí brunn-dalta Ísu, comarba na hógi (because he took the place of Jesus), PH 1454 .

Meaning unclear in: litre la caid comarba im ardmanach marbdilsi (one of the three things that establish a claim), Laws v 498.3 (= O'Dav. 530 ). bith la flaith .i. bid he-side bid caidh comarbai, O'Curry 871 ( H 3.18, 391b ) (cf. Corp. Gen. 2.27 and MR 90.1 s.v. comarbus).

In phr. c.¤ for c.¤ (?): athcuiredh comarba for comarba gin seotu `the one heir transmitted it to the other', Laws ii 208.15 Comm. in inbuidh is comarba for comarba, 210.10 Comm.

Very freq. of an ecclesiastical successor: comarba latinised conuerbius, Petrie, Christian Inscriptions ii 100 . féil Flaind . . . / comarbai . . . Bennchuir, Fél. Dec. 15 . Maelbrigte . . . comarba Patraic (i.e. abbot of Armagh), AU an. 927 . do Aed mac Crimthainn . . . do chomarbu Choluim, LL Introd. xvi 6 (printed ed.). comorba Crist i n-ecna (of St. Paul), PH 1650 . ó chomharba Pheadair (= the Pope), DDána 72.2 . comhorbaidhe an dá easpog dhéag soin, Keat. iii 413 .

crann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crann or dil.ie/12753
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cruinn, crunn

n o, n. later (LU) m. g s. cruinn (later (LU) crainn), d s. crunn (see GOI 50 ). c.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 74 .

(a) tree : crand .i. crē a fond, Corm. Y 234 . as máthir aṡotho feissin cach nóen ch.¤ , Sg. 65a6 . luib ┐ ní c.¤ gl. siler, 65a9 . inchruinn toirthig fruit-tree , Ml. 15b13 . dochrunn fessin gl. arbuta, Sg. 61b8 (leg. don . . . ?, Edd.). 61b13 , 65a7 . cranna doiscairi gl. lignorum uilium, Ml. 92d6 . etir anmmann innac.¤ ┐ anmmann atoraid innac.¤ sin, Sg. 61b3 . a (sic MS.) crand mór, Vita Br. 35 . dober donchraunn inn-ubull (Satan to Eve), SR 1272 . no benfad a crand, LU 4829 (TBC). Nath Coirpthe occá chrannaib, 5814 . tri chrand co torud, LL 32927 . ní lassamain cech n-óenchrand `a single log does not flame' (prov.), TBC-LL² 2041 . fear fongaib c.¤ mbech hi faithchi `a man who finds bees in a tree', . . . Laws iv 194.18 . na aidérad clocha ná crunnu, LU 4046 . tregort c.¤ tre c.¤ cu `stake', Ériu xxi 130.13 . crand dond ḟīnemain find, ACL iii 238 § 10 . mac in chraind a parrdus a seedling from the tree . . . , Airne F. 53 . mór do chuid do na crannaibh, PBocht 11.24 (prov.(?), Ed.). fá tharr chroinn under a tree, TSh. 9000 . ? nach fuirmhithe do chodhnach c.¤ occ cuimreach a chórusa, Ériu xiii 21.29 . See 1 fír .

With qual. gen. of particular types of tree: eccla croinn áis an áraidh, ACL iii 216.17 `quick-set tree', P. O'C. im gcrand ngabala appropriated tree, Laws i 202.2 .i. in c.¤ crosta, 206.8 Comm. tria crand in tairmtechtais (tree of knowledge of good and evil), PH 3934 . co crand an imarbois, 2393 . c.¤ na haithne, DDána 10.4 . crand in báis, PH 2392 . crann bethe, Eg. Gl. 705 . coirt croind critaig `aspen', Rosa Angl. 260.17 . crand figed, Grail 1458 . c.¤ fir `test-tree' (1 fír), Laws iv 146.27 . crand gíus gl. hec pinus, Ir. Gl. 563 . crand greni ┐ crand esca, ZCP xxx 136.z (Alex.). crand lauír gl. laurus, Ir. Gl. 564 . duilléag chroinn ola, Gen. viii 11 . dulli crand palmi, PH 872 . ? crann sálais, Keat. Poems 532 . c.¤ Sédair cedar, Psalms xcii 12 . c.¤ teile lime, Isaiah vi 13 . ris a nuile ch.¤ túise, Cant. iv 14 .

Transfd. crand gel is tīr (of ray of sun), Four Songs 12 § 13 . Of persons: ón chronn chnuais, DDána 103.29 . Cairbre an c.¤ fa tiogh dtaraidh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 69 § 13 . crainn tug cúl re cáin chléire ` blockheads ', Ó Bruad. iii 150.22 . crann bagair a ghaolta protector , Párl. na mB. 183 . crann mela sponsor, patron (lit. honey tree): Conallaigh mo chroinn mheala | Connachtaigh 's iad m'oideadha 'the Conallaigh were my patrons, the Connachtaigh my teachers', Ériu lxiv 176 § 2.19 . géag chumhra do chin ó Chonn | ag sin mo lubhghort, mo lionn | fáth mo cheana do ríomh rann | ar gcrann meala go bhfíon fionn, Éigse xi 5 . a chroinn mheala `honey-laden trees', O'Hara 4069 ​.

(b) wood (material), timber: c.¤ cruínd immuambiat ocuan denum gl. rotæ, Ml. 18b4 . c.¤ condid gl. lignum `fire-wood', Thes. ii 226.33 . c.¤ a mbís de ós usce . . . íarann a mbís i n-usci, Airne F. 165 . etir cloich ┐ crand (a building), RC xviii 39.31 (Tig.). Cf. a laithe an chrīarta / bud c.¤ leo a cinn wood, ZCP viii 208.32 .

Attrib. g s. claidiub craind wooden sword, LU 5417 (TBC). 5641 . coss chraind, LL 38614 . each croinn (of Cross), Aithd. D. 65.36 . airm crainn, Maund. 161 . caislén crainn, 162 . Note also: saoir chruinn ┐ chloch carpenters and stonemasons, Párl. na mB. 262 .

(c) staff, pole, bar, stock, plank, beam, axis; article or tool of wood: crand tochartaigh, see tochartach. cen garmna cruind `beam of loom', Metr. Dinds. iv 332.9 . c.¤ tara tech (sic leg.) (let) a piece of wood (be placed) over their coop (hens), Laws ii 118.13 Comm. a chrand cromchend crozier (of Patrick), Trip.² 341 . croind croma, SG 44.25 . mo ch.¤ bassa walking staff , Aithd. D. 1.29 . mind lestraib . . . eiric . . . isin crand handle(?), Laws iii 192.2 Comm. dairt i c.¤ n-airidi rail, Críth G. 223 . o crund co fraig, LU 7376 `wooden rail (or partition?)', BDD² Gloss . doratad c.¤ ar chleith (sic leg.) airi the house was firmly secured (i.e. by a wooden bolt?), Trip.² 604 . ni baí crand dond indsi fri aroile beam , Anecd. i 2.5 (SCano). c.¤ mbith see 2 bí. a llos a lín is a craind fishing-rod , LU 3072 ` boat ', Fél. 52.31 . dá chrand cháela (of bier), Bard. P. 53.13 . an c.¤ baoi tresen idh ` bar ', Hugh Roe² 14.17 . glaisíarna . . . / do cuireadh leo for crannoibh frames , Duan. F. i 92.1 . c.¤ crithir `unsteady plank', Dán Dé viii 6 . c.¤ mna fighi distaff , BNnÉ 191.24 . c.¤ suaite na braisce ` mixing-stick ', Lism. L. 302.18 . do ch.¤ tealaich fire-raker , Oss. ii 38.w . doiligh léimeanna c.¤ gceart (of steps of ladder), Aithd. D. 62.20 . c.¤ snais, 27.34 (`some weaver's tool(?)', note).

Of spearshaft, spear : for crund a duirnd Diarmató, LU 9690 . gai . . . gormrúadh . . . fora chrund, 7202 (BDD). la crand for scīathu banging spearshafts on shields (in driving a bull), TBC-I¹ 1357 . núall fri crunnu sleg, Metr. Dinds. iii 22.287 . síodh fan gc.¤ do chuaidh treimhit ` lance ', Dán Dé iv 9 . croinn fhoghadh spearshafts , O'R. Poems 15 . sróll taisgreanta ar c.¤ (um ch.¤ v.l.) ga chur (of battle-standard), IGT Decl. ex. 1227 .

Of Cross (calque from Lat. lignum Deutsche, Kelten und Iren 99 ): crist coc[runn achr]uche foir gl. cum lignis, Tur. 123 . conidainm dunchrunn gl. crux Christi, Wb. 8a5 . dul sa ch.¤ going on the cross, Dán Dé vi 15 .

Mast, steering oar : dorat . . . c.¤ fri tír he pushed off, Trip.² 359 . ar[r]o-tógaibseat . . . na séola for na crundu, BDD² 477 . seólad crand dar muir ` ships ', ZCP i 112.z . nuair a shuidheadh iad air a crann cèille 'mast (?)' SGS xviii 106.25 .

Of bed or part thereof: Conall . . . etir ┐ crand, LU 3299 (SC). nonbur for craund siúil, 7607 (BDD). See séol . luid do crunn ┐ do uaitni (of childbirth), Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 43.34 .

Of axis in ogam writing: is amlaid imdreangair crand . . . saltrad fora freim in croind ar tus, Auraic. 949 .

Of wooden musical instrument: cuisle .i. c.¤ ciuil, O'Curry 963 ( H 3.18, 415 ). trí duirn isin crand chiuil (of harp), Acall. 617 . téda do chroinn, Bard. P. 25. 3 . crand glesta gl. plectrum, Ir. Gl. 719 . Laws i 126.32 Comm. in c.¤ cíuil aicci . . . a thimpan, Acall. 3456 .

Note also: crand airgit post (?), LU 3700 ( SCC 33 ). sdiall ar chapur a cc.¤ ┐ a ccrannoca airgid `bars and ingots of silver', TFrag. 8.10 .

(d) wooden piece used in casting lots; lot, destiny, fate: di chorcruinn gl. de ligno sortis, Tur. 132 . tri craind do cur a n-usci .i. crand na flatha ┐ crand in ollaman ┐ crand in lít[h]igh (that belonging to the guilty party sank, etc.), IT iii 192.7 - 8 . a leith craind cuirithir, O'Curry 437 ( H 3.18, 236a ). co[r] c.¤ fors in lestrai naile (leg. n-uili) lots are to be cast between all the hives (to determine liability for a bee-sting), Laws iv 178.10 . focherdsam crandchur . . . Mo chrandsa . . . taet ass ar tús . . . is cétchrand co torud chraind dedenaig, LL 12684 - 6 `a first lot with fruit of a last lot', RC xiv 407 . forcerdar c.¤ eturru, Laws iv 172.9 . ni bia . . . na ccrand cóir in their true destiny, Cog. 98.10 . do thuit an crand for righ Midhe, BNnÉ 298.6 . Cf. is e crand t'fhir phosta . . . an gradh, mar is e c.¤ an diabhail an fuath, Smaointe B. Chr. 1888 - 90 (see n.).

Compds. With nouns: bolg as ambid crannbelan little wooden opening, Laws i 152.27 Comm. im crandbolg `leather scoop', 150.9 . delbsat crann-búar cobsaid `stout kine of wood', Metr. Dinds. ii 218.41 . crandc[h]aingel .i. crannc[h]līath andsin .i. clīath isin c[h]rann eter laocha ┐ clēirc[h]u, Corm. Y 371 , see caingel O'Cl. acc imordughudh cranncaistiall `wooden stands', Stair Erc. 142 . ní rucsat úaim acht crandchert `justice dealt by a spear', TBC-LL² 3052 . an chrannchruit, Hackett² 17.w . croicionn crannchon na coille, Duan. F. i 33.23 ` pine-martin ', iii 332 . crannchú bís ic roduine, Acall. 5573 . crandord do gnídh, Manners and Customs 376 n. (cf. c. fri scíathu supra). crann dordan .i. crónán ┐ dordán, O'Cl. cranndretel cuirn (in list of dispensers), Triads 231 . lorg na crannlachan, SG 264.12 ` teal ', Contribb. 506 . don chronnlaoch `decrepit old man', Ó Bruad. i 106.21 . ? gur éirig in grian ina crandmill cró, CCath. cited Contribb. 506 . mors . . . Conaill Chrandomnai, RC xvii 211.6 (Tig.) (leg. -domna ?). cloch-sairsi ┐ crann-sairsi carpentry, Laws v 92.z . do crannsciathuip, CCath. 4949 . ? deadlaid craisech re crand-scem (leg. -éim: thréin), Metr. Dinds. iii 358.44 . ó rinn crainn-shleighe ` spear-point ', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 9 . do scríobh i gcranntáibhlibh 'wooden tablets', Keat. ii 101 . With adjj.: a chraoisioch crann-adhbhal his large-shafted spear, MR xiv 31 . an bachlach crandbriathrach of dull (?) speech, BNnÉ 305 § 19 . go sleaghaibh crann-bhuidhe, CRR² 25 . ablach crannchaem having beautiful trees, Acall. 2738 v.l. doire crannrabhán (= crann + ro + bán), Magauran 436 . cath . . . crann-ruad, ML² 1182 . With vb. gur crannbrissedh a craiseacha, CF 130 .

crapail(l)te

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crapail(l)te or dil.ie/12773

 

part. of craplaid. Also cre-. bound, fettered : cúibhrighte, creapluighthe, Eg. Gl. 130 . crapta, creaplaighte, 162 . crapaillti triasan senpecad, YBL 152a9 . go ttuccus creapailti / C., Duan. F. ii 260 § 45 . ina cipe crapaillti, ZCP vi 59.30 . am chime chrapaillti in fetters, Stair Erc. 718 .

crapall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crapall or dil.ie/12774

 

n (with voiceless -p-) [o, m.] (ON krapp-helda, Bidrag 137 ). Also cre-. fetter, bond; act of binding, cramping, fettering : aige . . . i ceṅgul ┐ chrapull ┐ chuibrech, TBC-LL² 1181 . i crapull ┐ i cuibrech, YBL 151a26 . ? craeb na crappall, LL 3449 . an goeth . . . acum chrapull, LB 235 marg. sup. is fearr do chiall red chrapoll (to the body), Aithd. D. 79.2 . sgaoíl ar ccreapall, Duan. F. ii 304.25 . a ccreapall ┐ a [g]cuibhreach, Dhá Sg. Art. 854 .

1 cré

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cré or dil.ie/12779

 

Forms: crieid, criad, críad, chrieid, chried, chríaid, crí, crí, c.

n d, f. a s. crieid, Ml. 85c14 . g s. criad, Wb. 4c30 . críad, LU 1429 . dissyll., Fél. Apr. 19 . d s. chrieid, Ml. 102d9 . chried, 44c1 . chríaid, SR 7683 . crí cited GOI 222 . de crí , Blathm. 90 § 1 . c.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 97 . Later indecl.

Clay, earth : inna criad gl. luti, Ml. 44c1 . inch.¤ fechtnach sin gl. limus, 81c14 . cre maeth, Trip.² 859 . ? in taulchuma .i. in chrē derg bāe sin tenid (in a smithy), Corp. Gen. 132.16 . Cf. crocán criad, O'Gr. Cat. 179.14 . airliter cumni cóich comarbai c.¤ land , LU 3474 ( SCC 25 ). grian .i. ō chri[aid] crē .i. a creta , O'Mulc. 661 . With téit: ar ndul duit i gc.¤ after dying, DDána 8.9 . dul fá chriaidh, Dánta Gr. 16.15 . Hence: a run do comoill co criaidh till death (?), BB 56b20 . ? Cf. C. . . . / coilles cludu cocriaich, Rawl. 116c35 (perh. to be read as cocriach with Corp. Gen. 9.2 ). an ráth gheal ler caitheadh c.¤ backed with earth (?), DDána 119.13 . trē mhēud na criadh, Beatha S. F. 3128 . a ch.¤ chúil (of Mary) supporting earthworks, Aithd. D. 54.2 . as ē crē chúil Ghall is Gaoidheal (of chieftain), Butler Poems 569 .

In g s. etc. as epithet of the body: corpan criad `a poor body of clay', RC xxiii 416.7 . fer cáin i curp críad gil (7 sylls.), Imr. Brain 50 . olc dūthchus na colla crīad, ACL iii 238 § 4 ( Aithd. D. 80 ). ructha dochum pardais ina corpaib criad (of Elias and Enoch), LL 36409 . fuair sidéic a síair i slánti / do chriaid fhir na báirci hí she was of the family of (?), LL 37770 ( SG 361. 40 ). an chraobh do chriaidh chumhraidhe (of Alexander), Ir. Syll. Poetry 37 § 3 .

Hence in transfd. sense the body : crín moc.¤ , Corm. 21.30 . ri roches hicriaid chain, SR 7769 . gan chrínadh criadh ná chomluth, Anecd. i 29.6 . gach ríoghradh ór chin a ch.¤ , DDána 91.4 . Note also: cre duine bad aille . . . inas `a man of fairer mould', Ann. Conn. 1228.2 .

Attrib. g s earthen : foithraicedh criadh mud bath, RC xi 30.20 . a dhúil [chriadh], PBocht 1.36 . ceard chorcán gcriadh do dhéanamh, TSh. 313 . mur . . . criadh, Hugh Roe² 172.11 . dream . . . na gcos gcriadh, Dán Dé xxix 5 .

In n. pr. Crob Criad Hand of Clay, BColm. 74.4 .

In n. loc. a cath Droma Críadh, Cóir Anm. 102 .

Compds. With nouns: cainnech mo c[h]omarci/ . . . ar caire criadbāis from mortal sin (?), ACL iii 219 § 1 . a chriadhchurpáin, Párl. na mB. 2093 . tógbad pirrél a créfhaladh bheg `earthen wall', ALC i 328.17 = crebanach, O'Gr. Cat. 8.27 . an troightheach criaidh-iarainn, TSh. 75 . inna credmaigi (a p.), Ériu ii 124 § 70 . With adj. criad-gel, Rawl. B 512, 120a1 cited Contribb. 515 (`chalk-white').

2 cré

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 cré or dil.ie/12780

 

x see 1 créda.

crebanach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crebanach or dil.ie/12784

 

x see 1 cré compds.

1 créda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 créda or dil.ie/12812

 

Forms: credo, crédha, cré

n (Lat. credo). O. Ir. credo (crédo ?). crédha f., IGT Decl. § 3 (44.7) . Later also cré . creed, us. Apostles' Creed: trisin credo, Tur. 68 . nad ngeba (leg. ngaba) a paiter nach a credo, Laws ii 120.6 (printed as Comm.). crédha na filidheachta (heading), Ériu xiii 38.1 . gabar sailm, gabar c.¤ , Acall. 3955 . can phatir can chreda, LL 39379 ( Cog. 10.11 ). paidear ┐ cré , Rule of Tallaght 90 . cin co lega acht a ch.¤ , Ériu v 22.28 . geibh ad chridhi do chrédha, IGT Decl. ex. 58 . cré na n-asbal, DDána 15.3 . cré: Dé, 1 . Paidior is Cré , Párl. na mB. 422 .

2 créda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 créda or dil.ie/12813
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cria(d)ta, creodae

adj io, iā (1 cré ). Also cria(d)ta, and earlier creodae. clayey, earthen, fictile : creodai no thorachti gl. (uasis) fictilis, Ml. 18a11 . argilosa .i. creodę, Études Celt. xxii 211 § 37 . is usci creda criad (: feoda), Fél. 76.4 . as criata brisc in talam, Lism. L. 2184 . co luirgnib criataib gl. cum cruribus luteis, Rawl. B 512, 69c (cited Plummer MS. notes). salm a n-aghaidh craeís críata, ZCP xiii 10.11 . lán crocain criadha (crieta, v.l.), CCath. 139 . cealg . . . fan dtruaill gcréadha, Aithd. D. 50.18 . cárnán criata cnámh, Measgra D. 59.64 . ? fód is caímhe críadha daona, IGT Decl. ex. 1763 .

credba

Cite this: eDIL s.v. credba or dil.ie/12819
Last Revised: 2019

 

n (cf. credba(ig)id) corroding, wearing away: credhba .i. credmniugud, O'Dav. 556 . asnēdfit . . . indrud mo c.¤ `what ... shrivels me up', MacCongl. 93.25 (see ZCP vii 399 ). ? ingnadh adbul asromtha / for mu chraidhi fo cerdba (leg. cre- ?), Ériu ii 95 § 2 . creadhbh .i. creapall no ceangal, P. O'C.

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