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ailithre

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ailithre or dil.ie/1032

 

Forms: oilirthi, eilithre, oilrithi, oilithre, oirithli

n , f. (ailithir). Also oilirthi, eilithre, oilrithi. oilithre ( oirithli .l.) f., IGT Decl. § 3 . pilgrimage: in eilithri `in pilgrimage', Ml. 137b7 . d'adamraib set na-da-gaibet . . . a n-a.¤ , Laws v 406.22 . a.¤ ┐ ni do gres acht fri re mbec do pendait nama, i 196.6 Comm. ar lar Ia na a.¤ , Rawl. 163a23 . é ag triall oilithri do'n domhan mhór, Ériu i 98.3 . do lucht na hailitrí, Rosa Angl. 62.y . dorinde se oilirthi inmolta in domun (sic) co cathraigh Iarusalem, ZCP vi 85 § 37 . gleann na ndéar . . . is crádh liom m'oilithre ann, DDána 45.3 . téit (or other vb. of motion) IN-, DO, a.¤ goes on pilgrimage: ar digail tairmthechta rechta Dæ luid in ailithri, Ml. 74b5 . fear ro scara frisin domun .i. teit i n-a.¤ , Laws v 234.z Comm. fir . . . consla i nailithri, i 298.20 Comm. dodeochad im ailithri, LU 1839 . dochóid dia ailithri do Róim, Ériu ii 202 § 20 . tánic dia ailithri, LU 2785 . ag dula da n-oilrithi, RC xiv 38 § 34 . do roichet sunn sochaide / dá noilithre ar Dhia, SG 153.24 . As quasi-vn.: ac oilithre ar fud in domain mōir `wandering', ZCP iii 32.37 . Of the retirement of a person to a monastery (see also under bachall): cor' cuirset Cormac i lLes Mór a noilithri, RC xviii 49.25 (Tig.). Derbail . . . do éc a n-ailithri a Cluain maic Nóis, 272.18 . D. . . . d'iontogha ó'n tsaoghal go Corcaigh i n-oilithre, Ériu i 103 § 67 . fogebthai oilithri ┐ áigidhecht sunn entertainment given to pilgrims(?), RC xxvi 160.23 .

2 aín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aín or dil.ie/1163
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: aíne, a.

n f. Also aíne. (Lat. ieiunium, see GOI p. 573 ) fast, period of fasting (originally as an ascetic practice, as opposed to troscad ‘coercive fasting’ Ireland in Early Mediaeval Europe 169 ): ain .i. troscad, ut est firbes athgabala aine, O'Dav. 55 . in rí dorigne in n-óene, SR 7600 . ōene chorgais ronāin Crīst, ZCP xiii 28 § 9 . dī ōene na sechtmaine / i n-ōene co cert, 29.1 . buith i n-óini, Ériu ii 65 § 8 . dobhatar tredenus ind oine they had been three days without food, Lism. L. 204 . missi . . . romḟuca sech ṡáebi sneíd / torud aíni in rig roreid, LL 17725 ( BB 9a22 ). oeni dano, ar Molling, atósa im throscud o thosuch domain, LL 284b27 . tredan ┐ tromáinte, Alex. 452 . an aoine as crádh don choloinn, DDána 55.6 . dá mbristeá trosgadh . . . a n-aointibh an chorghuis, Mac Aingil 3051 . In homilies of wrongful abstention from religious duties: ocht n-áine na tuillet fochraicc, PH 8365 . áine oc tomailt chuirp Crist, 8373 . áine . . . o fhoghlaim ecna Dé, 8377 . aine re corp Crist, Ériu xix 7 § 5 (see notes). Of the fast on the eve of a feast day, hence vigil: oene (.i. uigil Pedair) tenn mar thocbaim `as I set up a severe vigil', Gorm. June 28 . dond epiphain aine `the vigil of the Epiphany', Jan. 5. for aene na n-apstol, Oct. 27. In names of days of the week: cét-a.¤ (lit. first fast) Wednesday: dia cétáine rogabad in salm so, Ml. 113d3 . hi cetain, LU 1855 . im nemcaithem feola i nainib ┐ i cetainib not eating meat on Fridays and Wednesdays, Laws iii 14.20 Comm. tardaín, dardaín (= etar-dí-aín) (lit. between two fasts) Thursday: tar(a)daín do lanamnas, Críth G. 546 . dardain do ṡaeraib, Ériu xvii 72.21 ( Laws iv 216 ). See dardóin. aín dídin(e) (lit. end fast) Friday: aín díden do retha[i]b ech, Críth G. 546 . atacumbat echtraind . . . i n-óin didin ar Elpai on Friday, ZCP xiii 379.5 . ind āin diten hi Rāith Bic / dīth Diarmata immaric, 380.12 . See under 1 díden. Also aíne without qualifying wd.: i n-aínib ┐ domnachaibh, Críth G. 145 . aine ┐ satharnd, Ériu xvii 74 § 2 ( Laws iv 216 ). Kl. Enair for aine, RC xvii 414.21 (Tig.). ? ar dá cét déc sét saeire / cusan aíne fár genair, SG 148.14 ( Acall. 2424 ). aíne in césda Good Friday, LU 2772 . saothar oirrdheirc na hAoine, DDána 27 a.¤ , 29 . aíne órda, name of special Fridays on which a particularly severe fast was practised: is iad so in da dubhaine deg ordha na bliadna .i. in cedaine do marta etc., L. Chl. S. 120 . sechtmuin onde co haíne in césda ┐ da aine ordha uirri .i. áeni na féli Muiri ┐ aíni in cesda, LU 2772 . co fuilet dā Aíne dēc ōrda sa bliadhain, Éigse ix 32 . isin óini ordai, O'Dav. 155 .

1 anbúain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 anbúain or dil.ie/3423

 

Forms: -óin, anmhúain, anúain, anbuana

n f. (2 úain). Also -óin. anmhúain anúain f., IGT Decl. § 13 (g s. and pl. anbuana, O'Gr. Cat. 464.22 ; Smaointe B. Chr. 4089 ). misfortune, trouble, unrest: madh a.¤ galair no eigin . . . air, O'Curry 304 (H 3.18, 167). acht muna fuil anmuain air do brathair no do dearbrathair i.e. unless his relatives raise any objection or difficulty, 296 - 297 (ib. 163). ní choiscfidís sin uile anmhuain aenduine a n-ifrinn, RC xxiv 381.16 . 'gá fhaicsin san anbhuain sin (i.e. without food), Dán Dé iv 21 . d'fhóirithin a anbhuaine ( blindness ), 27 . do luigh ar lár na huaighe / d'fhóirithin ar n-anbhuaine, v 11 . adhbhar anbhóine (: Móire), TD 41.7 . do bi an medi sin do gabhadh ┐ d'anmuain air, Smaointe B. Chr. 4047 . do sgoilt a cruí le hanbhóin (:nóin), Measgra D. 64.84 . ar mbeith a nanbhuáin mhoír dhósan, Luke xxii 44 . ní bhí anbhuain i nUltaibh / ná coimhéirghe i gConnachtaibh, DDána 82.37 . crechaidh U. tria a.¤ , MR 138.2 . faccbais . . . a leabhar . . . le hanbuain imtheachta in his hurry to go, BNnÉ 208 § 58 . mór an t-adhbhar anbhuaine (of the last day), DDána 12.11 . gabhaidh crioth ┐ anbhuain é dismay, TSh. 7453 . ná biodh anbhuain oruibh be not dismayed, Jeremiah x 2 . intinne, anbhuain, crádh , Eg. Gl. 261 . With co: biaid co hanbuain Éri / re forran na fer sin, Fen. 282.19 . Metaph. of a person: Risteard Talbóid anamhóin eachtrann `distress of foreigners', Ó Bruad. iii 134.16 . In phrase: d'úain nó d'a.¤ come weal or woe, see 2 úain.

Cf. anúain.

1 báeth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 báeth or dil.ie/5139
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: baíd, bóeth, baid

adj o, ā. Also baíd, baíth, bóeth.

I

(a) foolish, stupid, silly, thoughtless, reckless; of animals, wind irrational, wild, innocent, wayward: baid gl. stultus, Wb. 8d8 (a prima manu). deilb mordraige ┐ fir boith, Ml. 52. mall no baéth gl. hebes, Sg. 66a5 . baeth. .i. faoth quasi fatu[u]s , O'Mulc. 118. deich mba mboetha im gach mboethan, Fél. 88.32 . dáig at báetha cialla ban, LU 3996 ( SCC 45 ). a Fir Baíth is b.¤ do fecht, 6032 . in tond baeth bhorr (of Fer Diad), TBC-LL¹ 4185. is bōeth do neoch renus fír/ar ascnam i tīr na pīan, ZCP vii 498.4 . [b]aoth .i. olc . . . .i. is olc ní cradh Dé, O'Dav. 192. hech baeth, RC xx 174 § 39 (ACC Comm.). in breo baoth reckless , AFM ii 902.20 . Compar. is minic . . . nach baoithe an chlann ioná a n-athair, Donlevy 332.4 . Adv. do imthig roimpe co baoth barr-[ud]mall waywardly (of the wind), ML² 713.

(b) In Laws applied to one not fully responsible either through nonage or mental deficiency (opp. to 1 gáeth): fofuasna ide a c[h]uru uile mat baith `wenn sie töricht sind', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 46 § 22. fer (= fír, Fianaig. 30.29 ) mná báithe dlomthar sceo gaithe, O'Dav. 209.

(c) wanton, licentious: cacha baitsaige .i. . . . is leisin mnai mbaith in lenam donither ria, Laws v 454.8 Comm. a ndail mná baithe, IT iii 16 § 40. diammbése b.¤ if I were wanton, LU 8332 ( FB 24 ). cosc mnā bóithe do drúis, MacCongl. 73.2 (of a hopeless proceeding).

As pseudo-n. pr. cóic maccu maithe .i. Baeth ┐ Bras . . ., Dinds. 161 ( RC xvi 280.17 ).

II As subst.

(a) fool, idiot; in baid gl. idiotae, Wb. 12d35 (a prima manu). don báith no dond oscar gl. idiotae, 12d16 . imrechtatar báith baethu B. .i. ro imaigetar . . . na baethu eochu baetha B., O'Dav. 1076. ro selgatar rótu/nád soréid la báethu (of the saints), Fél. Prol. 30. ? goth gruce golfad breice/baeth críche, Auraic. 5289.

(b) In Laws one who is legally incapacitated on mental grounds: dilmuin do boethuib . . . is dilmuin . . . dona hecodnuchuibh, Laws ii 82.7 . ni cria do baeth . . ., do mnaí, do cimid, iii 58.6 . iasacht cungnuma do baethaib, v 490.3 . cor baith fri gaet, Coibnes 5 n.1 . aithghin a nedgi boith no meic, Laws i 272.x Comm. imchomét a baíth ┐ a gaíth, Ériu xx 168.77 . itir baoth ┐ gaoth, ar as a belaib baoith .i. na lēighes ┐ gaoith .i. lēighis, dlutar gach nós, O'Curry 2280 ( Eg. 88, 21a ). b.¤ (┐) gáeth term for some class of legally irresponsible person: in caeptha ┐ in finelogh, b.¤ ┐ gaeth, ┐ in fer lethchuind—ceithre hanmanna sin ar in fer lethchuind, O'Curry 982 (H. 3.18, 423a). baeth gaeth, 1392 (631b). Cf. fenelaig (.i. baith no gaith), Bürgschaft 19 § 59.

Compds. searc gach baothmhná light woman (?), DDána 89.27 . ge béo anocht ar bhaithbendaibh wild (?) peaks, BS 86.7 . nacham luaid dot' baethbriatraib wanton words (Joseph to Potiphar's wife), SR 3186. ar baoithchéill . . . ó mheisge nó ó chraos, Eochairsg. 105.33 . brón baoithchridhe ban `wayward hearts', Studies 1920, 99 § 10 . do bhaothghlóir na beatha aimseardha `empty glory' (Gloss.), TSh. 606. dá bhaothghnúis éididh ionghualaigh (of the devil), Aithd. D. 76.10 . cid día mbúpthai na báethlaegu innocent calves, LU 1752. an baothlaogh allaidh, DDána 80.29 . don bháothleim sin reckless leap, RC xxix 122 § 22 . baethlenum becc innocent child, Acall. 6283. do dhá bhaothmhama thug masla do lígh an lile tender breasts, Hackett xx 45 . iarsin baethréim rucsat Ulaid dar Herind reckless course, LL 22076. in bi[th] cona báethrennaib the world with its irrational elements, Ériu iv 106 § 60. Cf. baíd.

céile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. céile or dil.ie/8452
Last Revised: 2013

 

n io, m. See Zimmer, KZ xxx 35 - 43 . Except somet. in legal sense (d) usually with prec. possess. or follg. gen. and tending to function as a pronoun rather than as an ordinary noun. The main meanings as noun are client and fellow , the term always implying a relationship. It is doubtful (see Zimmer) whether this was originally one of inferiority or one of equality.

(a) servant, bondsman, vassal, subject : `ceile' as ainm do gach oglách, Metr. Gl. 28 § 45 . c.¤ .i. óglach, O'Cl. húasal-athraig, cliatha fáithi, / do Chríst cíaptar céli, Fél. Ep. 14 ( ceile .i. cara, O'Dav. 438 ). á Chríst dianda chéle, 307 . imcomairc . . . do Láeg cia díambo chéli, LU 5598 . céli in báis .i. ar n-oirchindech (of the devil), PH 2046 . diamba chéle Maic Maire if thou be a vassal of Mary's Son, Ériu i 200. 3 .

(b) In phr. c.¤ Dé = eccles. Lat. servus Dei ( Thes. ii 265.5 from Ardm. 11ra ). Cf. is cele dǽ infer hisin, Ml. 30c3 . Freq. as name of member of a class of religious distinguished by special observances and practices, appar. of a stricter nature than those of others. Hence Engl. Culdee , in pl. also Keledei, Colidei . The precise connotation of the term is uncertain. See Reeves (W.), The Culdees of the British Islands, Dublin 1864 ( Trans. RIA xxiv ), Stokes, Fél. Introd. xxvii f. ; Mon. Tall. 122 - 3 , Rule of Tall. ainmne ilao ┐ in naidchi ni longe colonge celede remut no fer fa sruithiu, Reeves Culdees 145 (Life of S. Findan). lasna celiu dé, Mon. Tall. 142.26 . Óengus céle Dé, SR 8009 (see Introd. i, Fél. Introd. xxvii , Murphy Lyrics 188 and note). In follg. perh. monk, religious in general: tailcid dail dun, a cheliu de (sic leg.), Vita Br. 37 (of lepers. `O ye clients of God', Ir. Hist. Stud. i 131 ). forórcóngart for céli nDé día muintir (of Patrick), Trip.² 2325 . ní damsa a Gúaire for in céli Dé, LU 9660 . cunice aníu . . . nirom comhairmeadh-sa . . . etir celiuda Dé ┐ bhochta ┐ lobhrai, Lism. L. 1584 . a sruithe ┐ a céledha Dé friars (of a monastery), Hugh Roe² 32.25 . cind chéledh nde Cluana mic Nois, AFM ii 1040.7 . In transl. text of Indian Brahmans (see Reeves Culdees ix): nī do aittrebtaidib an betha frecnairc duinni . . . acht as celi De atancomnaic, Anecd. v 5. 18 (Alex.).

(c) Hence in nn. pr. of clerics: Céle Críst, Fél. Mar. 3 . Cele Dulaisi, AFM i 348.15 . Cele íosa, 422.6 . See Reeves Culdees 4 .

(d) Legal of the recipient of a fief (repaid in kind) from the `flaith' (lord), liege, vassal . See Críth G. p. 80 (`client', Vocab.). flaith ┐ a ceile, Laws v 480.14 . i taurchreicc c.¤ , Críth G. 252 . aire désa . . . deich céli leis, 330 . céle cháich i gcomhair a choimdhedha, Ériu xiii 20.2 ( .i. gilla, O'Dav. 387 ). tigernbhard as tigernasidhe cona dhibh célibh décc lais, 42.15 . ceili fuisidni . . . fosesedar flaith hi celi ┐ amos do, O'Curry 888 ( H 3.18, 396b ) (hence owing military service?). ní do-beir flaith dia chéliu, Ériu xvii 66 § 7 . iar n-airitin tra sét ar bes n-aircenda onaib ceilib dona flathib is ainm aigille donaib célib, Corm. 5 . céili drochluige `clients of (a lord of) bad oaths', Blathm. 256 . See doír, fáes(s)am, faísitiu, gíallnae, saer.

(e) fellow, companion (like the feudal Lat. comes, Irish Kings and High-Kings 28 ), ` opposite number', other one, neighbour (in N.T. sense): huadsom dia cheliu `from himself to his fellow', Ml. 59a15 . digail duthabairt forru amal aceliu `like their fellows', 80d4 . andugniat ar céli, Wb. 10c21 . mad cumme imned ácheli et aimned fessin, gl. alter alterius etc., 20c6 . nadecad indán doradad dó fessin acht dán ácheli gl. aliorum, 23c16 . foditiu fochide duib-si . . . gním pectho do bar célib `fellows', 25d8 . arnaérbarthar frinn anasrobrad friarceiliu `to our fellows', 33b16 . condernain hicutrummus frimcheliu that I should do as the others do, PCr. 2a2 . fer tailge a ceathra a n-athbothar a ceile `neighbour', Laws v 464.7 . co fuaratar a cele isind apdaine, Mon. Tall. 162.30 . gessa Lóch . . . amal a chéliu the others (i.e. those who had already been persuaded to fight Cú Chulaind), LU 6104 . luid . . . i ndegaid a cheli (i.e. Cú Chulainn after Lóegaire and Conall), 8828 ( FB 62 ). a chéli the other, MU² 999 (LU). a chéli . . . immuich, 977 . to-fil far céliu chucaib your adversaries, 968 . scorit a nneocho oc commor māna ┐ aba allandeas ūas dūn a chēle above the fort of the others, TBC-I¹ 630 (with fixed sg. masc. possess., see Stories fr. Táin Vocab. s.v. céile and (i) below). doneoch ro cachnutar a ceile reimib `predecessors', Laws i 24.7 Comm. ciped chia díb nomarbtha artús adigail diacheiliu, RC iii 183.8 . do badh é a ch.¤ c.¤ cleath Dor match, DDána 85.34 . amail a cceliu `like the rest', Hugh Roe² 190.2 . Rarely of things: in lomrad tar héisi a chéli a shearing for a shearing, ZCP viii 311.31 . docurethar in lia forru anair ┐ a chéli aníar ara cend another from the west, TBC-I¹ 1416 .

(f) With qual. gen.: do dhá ch.¤ cláir, DDána 91.39 expld. as `dhá chlár chosmhail', Vocab. c.¤ comairce naoimh `an attendant guardian saint', Keat. iii 1785 . ar a ch.¤ comhaoise his coeval, TSh. 2256 . ré a ch.¤ chomhloinn `opponent', TD 10.4 . ceile connmala an comtruim (panegyric of a chieftain), ZCP ii 349.31 . do nós mhná re a c.¤ cuil `her unlawful mate', TD 1.56 . fad ch.¤ cumuinn `thy lover', O'Hara 3216 . c.¤ sealga, IGT Decl. ex. 1104 .

(g) husband : amal tiagtae mná hua célib cofiru aili, Ml. 125a2 . céle más gl. maritus, Sg. 60a3 . céle ingine gl. generi, 100a6 . cen athcomarcc dia celiu without her husband's permission, Laws v 384.5 . a inchaib maic no chéli, Críth G. 484 . mac mná nad festar céle, Imr. Brain 26 . nīcon tērglansam-ni céli diar n-ingin, Fing. R. 391 . ni fhaienn cele la hingin dibh, Marco P. 102 .

(h) Rarely wife : bás a chlainne sa ch.¤ , Arch. Hib. i 98 § VIII . bai dh'imad cheiledh lais, Marco P. 156 .

(i) With more specifically pronominal force ( one , etc. . . .) the other : íroimed cách achéele per caritatem gl. suscipite uos inuicem, Wb. 6d4 . na tiubrad cách achéle gl. nolite frudare inuicem, 9d20 . ni derban cách a chele `neither hinders the other', Thes. ii 294 § 7 . co 'mmáromarba cách díb a chéli, LU 8085 ( FB 6 ). ag ár ┐ oirlech aroile ┐ a cheile, L. Chl. S. 18 . inber bud domni a cheili the deepest estuaries, CRR 25 ( LL 23010 ). nībo mōo in band oldās a chēle, TBC-I¹ 517 . With prec. prep. ascoir dochách guide dée liachéle `on behalf of the other', Wb. 7a13 . ainmne dochach fri[a] ch.¤ gl. supportantes inuicem, 27b17 . oc imchossnam techta ar thossaig cách ríana chéli, LU 8261 ( FB 20 ). do neoch díb sech a chéli, 9170 ( 90 ). ní cúis do dhul fá ch.¤ no reason to attack one another, Content. xviii 5 . noch dhlighid uile dha chéle `which they al ought to haue togeather', RSClára 134a . dealuighidh . . . ó ch.¤ = separateth, Proverbs xvi 28 . ubullchless án (= ón) méor co a chéli from one finger to the other, MU² 648 . ón chluais go ch.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1376 . da gach cill ina cele, RC xiv 36 § 29 . 'gá cur don glún 'na chéle, CF² 540 . iiii la co ceile onwards, RC xlix 52 § 20 .

(j) In adverbial phrases. i ndáil a chéle towards each other Ériu xv 72 (78a) . i ndegaid, tar éis a ch.¤ one after the other, successively, gradually : i ndeguid a chele, Laws ii 84.2 Comm. a ndiaig a ch.¤ , Párl. na mB. 1591 . a bhfuair mé / d'easláinte d'éis a ch.¤ , Dán Dé xiii 3 . tar eis a ceile gradually , Rosa Angl. 10.3 . ar lorg a cheile in unbroken continuity (of the Faith), Luc. Fid. 5861 . le ch.¤ together, altogether, completely : le ch.¤ gur chaitheas m'aimsir, DDána 26.33 . doconncatar re céle sin `they both saw it', ZCP iv 324 ( BCC 102 ). fuairsead lé ch.¤ a g-crádh leam, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 380.7 . le ch.¤ is an chroch together with, DDána 21.16 . Cf. 99.21 . an t-anam araon / le ch.¤ is an chalann, Dán Dé ix 15 . cuirid 'na ch.¤ puts together, mends , etc.: an síodh cuirthior 'n-a ch.¤ a patched up peace, O'Hara 1279 . a chur ina ceile to put it together again (a broken sword), Grail 4045 . is amlaid cuirther cach ana chéli d'foghlachaib na h-aimsire `thus are the different divisions of time proportioned to each other', MR 108.7 . gan dá chonnsuine ar bioth do chur na ch.¤ d'ogham acht a ccurp comhfhocuil amháin that no two consonants should be assimilated to each other, IGT Introd. 3.3 . Note also: an clúmh ┐ an luaith do chor tréna ch.¤ to mix, TSh. 174 . ? suirghe do-chóidh 'n-a ch.¤ , DDána 40.25 . ó 'dchonnairc L. na catha ar ndul trí n-a ch.¤ saw the battalions become entangled, Ériu i 88 § 34 . in sluagh do dhul trid a cheile, AU iii 610.11 . as a ch.¤ asunder , TSh. 5696 .

celg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. celg or dil.ie/8555

 

Forms: celgaid

n ā, f. IGT Decl. § 39 , Verbs § 117 .

(a) deceit, treachery, guile, stratagem: a dolo .i. ōn c[h]eilg, Corm. Y 470 . main .i. cealg, O'Dav. 1242 . immerthai ceilg, LU 5871 . co tartaitis ceilc immon slóg, 5929 . cengait celga úargossa, 6177 . tria indle ┐ chelga C., LMU 11 ( IT i 73 ). for imad do ch.¤ ┐ t'elathan, PH 8247 . nirbo `cealg gan conach' in c.¤ sin, CCath. 3091 . ? a cascrad is celgg calma, LL 3259 . cealg imman múr ag M. M. had wrought treachery against the wall, Celtica ii 179 § 84 . íar ttarraing ceilcce da combrathair fair after being betrayed, AFM vi 2018.1 . do-chuadur a celga a ndimhainius orra their stratagems came to nought, Smaointe B. Chr. 2848 . In favourable sense: i gceilg `coaxingly', Aithd. D. 68.4 slat shaighdidh cháigh tre chealgaibh `charms' (of Mary), 85.10 .

Attrib. g s.: do denam sída célci fris dia tarrachtain false peace, LU 6147 . logud mo ṡel ceilgi a clī, ACL iii 237 § 29 `my treacherous life', Aithd. D. 62.29 . ? nir cradh cealga, Celtica ii 158 § 12 (: dirga: emended to cealgdha); cf. gan chradh celge `deceptive wealth', Magauran 2559 ; perh. wheedled gift, gift unwillingly given, cf. IGT Decl. ex. 210 cited s. celgaid. coinne celci, Ann. Conn. 1236.3 .

As vn. gan aon ag ceilg dá chéile, Dán Dé xxv 33 .

(b) In concrete sense ambush, trap : i ceilg, CRR 29 . roeirigh in c.¤ ina ndocum `the ambuscade sprang to attack them', ZCP vi 36.4 . celcc do indell for ciond na n-allmuireach, AFM vi 1976.26 . ina celgaib comnaidhe, Caithr. Thoirdh. 79.6 .

(c) sting of an insect: ainmhidhe loites ellach in mhachaire ó cheilg atá i n-inad erbaill lais, ZCP i 114 . mo chealg bháis chruaidh ghuirt `o bitter piercing sting of death to me', O'Rah. xvi 40 . See colg.

Compds. With nouns: tria chealg-chomhadhaibh treach- erous conditions, Hugh Roe² 314.13 . ag cealgghoin, TSh. 2338 . an cholann 'na c(h)ealg-námhaid . . . aige, 7530 . ar an gcealg-rún macántachta bréige, 8957 . With adjj.: tren-chor . . . cealg-baeglaide `mighty dangerous twist', MR 258.25 . na cuindigh-sin / orm-sa in comaid celg-duaibhsigh, 306.23 . charad . . . gcealgrúnach, TSh. 5414 .

celgaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. celgaid or dil.ie/8558
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: celgad

v (celg)

(a) deceives, defrauds etc.: ? forbuir bili, buidnip reb / rolaa a delb truimi[b] tor / diarcelgad rocelgaid fir / amlaid sin rocelgaid cor, RC xiii 223.72 - 4 . ram chealg / an chuideachta chlé, Aithd. D. 52.9 . do chealg [bean] uathaibh tre éad i.e. Eve deprived man of heaven, DDána 21.6 .

(b) In favourable sense: cealgaidh a ṡúil mhall maighdin beguiles , IGT Verbs ex. 986 (= Decl. ex. 1224 ). ó Anabla do chelg cradh wheedled , Decl. ex. 210 . tulach ghlan do chealg mo chion, Ir. Syll. Poetry 32 § 9 .

(c) Of insect stings (through confusion with cailgid)​: níor cealgadh aonduine . . . leó (of bees), Eochairsg. 62.22 . cealgaidh sé amhuil adder, Proverbs xxiii 32 . Fig. do chealg mo chom `has stung my body', O'Gr. Cat. 521.29 . cealgfaidh sin a chroidhe ina chliabh, Oss. iii 96.18 .

Vn. celgad.

1 clecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 clecht or dil.ie/9401

 

(? cf. clichid. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 362 , ii 493 . Perh. subst. use of old part.) custom, wont : ri ro delb datha na ṅgaeth / . . . / iar clechtaib rith roratha, SR 55 (rithim ratha, facs. ?). sibal is c.¤ le cach mbard / a lecht a n-inad irard `it is the wont of every bard to visit their graves', Metr. Dinds. iii 416.39 . a n-ionad fleadh ┐ feusda / do fuaras féin mar chleachtaibh / trosgadh, Oss. iii 236.22 . nír chleacht dó uaingheas d'fhagháil, Magauran 500 . an oiread sin do cheirtchleachta gnáthuasal na nĒirionnach . . . do chongmháil, Párl. na mB. 136 . do cruthaigh [Dia] . . . / in bith cē . . . / do dealph gan chairde is cleacht doilghe / fairge um gach oirir ann, ZCP xiii 14.10 (cheville?). ? g pl. as attrib. customary, wonted : Ri dosrat iar ṅglessaib c.¤ / iar mbessaib cen tarimthecht, SR 93 . In cheville: monar c.¤ , 3923 .

c.¤ (cléas, v.l.) .i. clisiudh [ut est] conclechtaither é ina brú " i.e. playing, ut est `he leaps in her womb'", O'Dav. 398 `? = clecht wont, habit (the common idea being practice)', Plummer MS. notes).

Compds. With nouns. fri hinnarba n-echtrann n-úag / línib a clechtchlann comlúad, SR 7102 . flaith gan clechtgainne, gan crādh habitual parsimony, ZCP x 53.29 . With adj. brechtrad cech datha fo li / clechtmaith dosrigni in t-ardri with customary goodness, SR 7286 . cuirm choir clechtmasa choindmídh with customary excellence, BB 37b4 .

3 clí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 clí or dil.ie/9468

 

Forms: clíu, clíu

n Earlier form perh. clíu: mo chlíu .i. mo chorp, LU 9855 . clíu, RC xxi 318.2 . mo cliu chain, Acall. 1583 . Earlier gender uncertain, later f. IGT Decl. § 99 .

(a) body : [l]eblaing Fercorb, gorm a c[h]lī `of radiant body', Fianaig. 12 § 17 . saer bru beiris brith / do tabairt cli `free is the womb that brings forth a birth to produce a body', Laws iii 312.21 . co rrega co fuilib fonnaide fo chollaib c.¤ , LL 14108 (rhet.). feodaigid aigid is ch.¤ , 19302 . uas do chlíu (to the Líath Macha), 14222 (rhet.). nírb ḟand a ch.¤ for bith ché `frame', Metr. Dinds. ii 38.42 ( LL 20133 ). bith cen ōrad acge a c.¤ , BColm. 100.12 . bearaidh mo chli om' ṡamhadh, Reeves Ad. lxxix n . a c.¤ 's a corp, BNnÉ 260 § 220 . mo ch.¤-se don chré ó a tig, O'Gr. Cat. 28.32 . ar gc.¤-ne ag crádh na hanma, Dán Dé xxv 42 . Rí nimhe / i gc.¤ óighe, xi 19 . adeir an ch.¤ i gcogar riom, Measgra D. 52.81 . sgar m'anam rem ch.¤ free my soul from my body, A. Ó Dálaigh xvii 2 . nach féadann an t-othar an biadh chaitheas do chongbháil fána ch.¤ (`to keep on his stomach', Vocab.), TSh. 1576 .

(b) Somet. bosom, heart : is trúag rim chride is rom ch.¤ , TFerbe 448 ( LL 256b38 ). sal nocha cheachraidh mo chlí, Dán Dé xxvii 25 . ag dāil dom ch.¤-si síorghuin, O'R. Poems 3357 . tré bheith socair i gcochal a ch.¤ istigh, Keat. Poems 825 . Fig. of a chief: [do chaill] an duithche a geall, a ceann 's a c.¤ istigh its beloved, 720 . dá chíogh chorra ar ch.¤ a hochta `on her bosom's expanse', Ó Bruad. iii 68.5 .

(c) In phrr.

(i) i cc.¤ (while) in the flesh, living : nodus sāraigēbsa a clī / rachaid co fīr ar nefní, Aided M. 298 . gid beg do loingedh 'na clī (of Colam Cille), ZCP vii 304 § 10 . ní fhuil mhnaoi as chráibhdhighe i gc.¤ , Magauran 1710 . cia ad-chluin nó ad-chí / go bhfuil i gc.¤ do chomhsduamdha? DDána 114.29 . ní dhearna i gc.¤ cionta mná `when living', Aithd. D. 94.35 .

(ii) do-icc (téit, etc.) i cc.¤ is born, takes flesh : nī thānic a corp nā a clī, Aided M. 952 . ōn aidche ro chin a c[h]. (leg. i gc.¤?) / nō co ndechaid ar nefní, 790 . at aenar tainic tú a c.¤ `sole didst thou come in the body', BCC 138.37 (§ 138) . sul táinig Rí an chruinne i gc.¤ , A. Ó Dálaigh xv 10 .

(iii) téit a c.¤ dies : rē ndul as do chlī, ZCP vii 301 § 1 . ni ragadh a c.¤ he would not have died, Cog. 96.21 . docūaid a clī esbuic ē (of Colam Cille), ZCP vii 303 § 5 (? leg. esbach é that was unfortunate).

Compds. With noun. i laithibh mo chlíréisi life-time (1 ré), Ó Bruad. iii 22.13 . With vn. g s. 's gach ladrann . . . d'éis do chlí-dheolta `shall have sucked thy breasts', O'Rah. 2.8 . With adj. a gaolta clí-bhreoidhte `her kinsfolk are heartsick', 2 .

crád

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crád or dil.ie/12706

 

Forms: chráidh

n (g s. chráidh, Rial. S.F. 159 ). torment, anguish, misery; act of tormenting, persecuting , etc.: crād graece cratai dirae mucnai, O'Mulc. 207 . ba haithrech lais crādh Cāier, Corm. Y 698 (59.19) . is é . . . c.¤ dorat sí fair-som a lúas ro gab caille, Liad. and Cuir. 26.1 . cid crad doib `though it be grievous to them', Mon. Tall. 152.30 (§ 64) . ciarbo ch.¤ ria menmanrad, SR 6854 . crad meic Dé afflicting the son of God, LU 3039 . gan chradh gan credim, IT iii 87 § 96 . nī diṅgentais do chride ch.¤ , Fing. R. 498 . ba crádh craidhe leis, CCath. 1374 . íarmo ch.¤ dóaib `after they had tormented me', TTr.² 301 . ticfat Tálcind dar muirthrían trolmaib c.¤ cromm, LL 37022 . C. do c[h]rādh ima c[h]rodh, Ériu xviii 58 § 1 . crad na cumad `anguish of grief', TTebe 3395 . gur mor in cradh ┐ in cunntabart ina rabhusa dod grad, ZCP vi 28.13 . ar gclí-ne ag crádh na hanma, Dán Dé xxv 42 . mo chrádh nach ráinig leis pósadh, Keat. Poems 169 .

Perh. in fuller sense of destruction, death in: ría crad mo chuirp chaín i.e. before I die(?), LU 9934 . do thám . . . / fuair c.¤ rí milis M., LL 14872 . ní cian ó crad `not far removed from destruction(?)', Metr. Dinds. ii 54.23 . tuc doib cach ni ar chrad Ch. `to murder C.', iii 414.23 . cechaing C. iarna ch.¤ for lár a thige after he had been offended, outraged(?), iv 102.19 (`after murdering him'). cradh C. . . . / do faemadh la F. `the ruin of C.', MacCarthy 416.y . ? Inis Cathaich do chrod (sic) do Gallaib, Ann. Inisf. 1057.5 (`was plundered'). 1050.5 (see note).

1 crod

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 crod or dil.ie/13056
Last Revised: 2019

 

n o, m.

(a) cattle, herds, stock : loilghidh, crodh bainne, Eg. Gl. 420 . ni a los a cothas .i. a cruidh, O'Curry 2214 ( Eg. 88, 15ba ). do breith táircthe cruid o A., LU 1639 . na ba sin nir cradh cealga / siad coimfinda cluasderga, Celtica ii 158 § 12 . a n-eti ┐ a crodha (a p.) `flocks and herds', AU i 376.2 . lacht in chruidh, Ériu iv 224.3 . le feighlibh caillgheala ar ccrodh, IGT Decl. ex. 813 . in briughadh leithech .i. da cet do cach crudh aici, cinmotha coin ┐ cata, Laws i 46.24 Comm. da mbera galur a crodh feín uile `if disease has carried off all her young', iii 368.12 Comm. ag tinol cruidh ┐ cethri, IT iii 198 § 53 . bur cruidh ┐ bur cethra `your herds', Stair Erc. 1946 . a chródh ┐ a spré, Trompa na bhF. 8134 . do chrudh ┐ do chreachaibh na criche of the cattle and plunder', Hugh Roe² 62.22 . tréad féinneadh gan cruas um chradh `lavish of herds', Keat. ii 1525 (verse). Of people (?): Ísa Críst, Coimsid cach chruid 'Jesus Christ, Master of every herd', ITS Sub. xxvi 86 § 22​​ .

(b) In wider sense goods, property, wealth: crodh a thighe, Ériu xiii 24.8 . mathi na cruid beri latt / aél is chore comnart, LL 38361 . tessargain cruid in goband `to save the chattels of the smith', Ériu iv 110.1 . cona crodaib ┐ cona cundarthaib, PH 4495 . ar ch.¤ ┐ ar indmas = ad pecuniam, 4634 .

(c) Of payments of various kinds: ní tabhar c.¤ la hingin i críchaib na Tartraidech na laeich nos-ber crodh dia maithrechu dowry , Marco P. 45 . ní bhfuil an Rígh ag íarruigh crodh ar bith = any dowry, 1 Sam. xviii 25 . S. . . . dorat ch.¤ do chetamsaib, LL 14934 ` stipend ', MacCarthy 173 § 3 . is ē toīsech do-rat c.¤ tuarastail do amsaig i nhĒrinn, Corp. Gen. 117.23 . nochar ēr filid fa crad, Mór M. 268.19 . cradh a dhúaine nír dhochta, IGT Decl. ex. 846 `the reward for his poem was not trifling', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 149.35 . gen crodh gen chíss orra, ALC i 344.13 .

Compds. atcota crodlesc leghadh, Anecd. iii 12.10 . cluithchi Cúailngi fri crod mbarc, PRIA liv C 20 § 5 n. 1 , leg. crodmarc? (cf. crodhmharc, BB 267a40 ). asar crodtigib (: loitidib) store-houses , ACL iii 234 § 10 ( Aithd. D. 61 ). With adj. croidh-líonmhar coigcríochach cíosach, Keat. Poems 796 .

1 cumthach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cumthach or dil.ie/13915

 

Forms: cumach

adj o, ā (cuma). Also cumach, co-. sorrowful, sad, mournful : bá c.¤ fríu shared their sorrow, LU 1771 . is c.¤ mo chridi-si, TTebe 4564 . cradh cumach (: tulach), Ériu x 79 § 35 . aimser . . . / c.¤ brōnach, ZCP x 49.8 . bam comthach-sa dod bas `be mourning for thy death', TTebe 4711 . biaidh sí ciamhair cumhach, Dánta Gr. 49.15 . Adv. cumhthach labhras an lonsa, Ir. Syll. Poetry 29 § 1 ( cumtach, LB 186a1 ). ? laoch . . . / . . . / c.¤ uasal, Dhá Sg. Art. 1875 (= cumtha ?). ? Ethni A. cuirp chomthaig (: Chobthaig), RC xlvii 294.8 (`moulded'). ? comthach caithim (chev.), Anecd. i 55 § 51 .

As subst. a chumthaig `o sad one', TTebe 1249 .

déochrád

Cite this: eDIL s.v. déochrád or dil.ie/15485
Last Revised: 2013

 

n (2 día + crád, Peritia iii 451 ) sacrilege : baoth ni deocrad 'a reckless thing is sacrilege' Peritia iii 449.5 . baeth ní deochradh diubairt eclaisi . . . .i. is olc ní cradh Dé, O'Dav. 192 . Cf. déochráid, -áitech and 1 dechrad.

3 dochta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 dochta or dil.ie/17393

 

ind = docht: cradh (= crodh) a dhuaine nir dhochda the reward for his poem was not niggardly, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 148.35 .

1 donnaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 donnaid or dil.ie/18218

 

v (1 donn) IGT Verbs § 80 . makes brown or red; freq. of discolouring weapons, etc., with blood: a Donnchaid donnus in crann, Caithr. CC § 60 . a fhogha i ndeabaidh do dhonn, 3 C 13, 606.16 . crádh fár donnadh do gruaidh gheal, 3 C 1 2, 411.8 . im shéad nír donnadh a dhreach, 3 C 13, 556.15 . donnaidh deór, dubhadh cridhe, 740.1 . inghean Murchadha . . . | buailis ó Ruairc rí Coruinn | dar dhonn a bél sa brollach, 707.3 . Vn. mil fan gcongal . . . | ag donna[dh] sreabh nuaine a húir, Ériu vii 26 . an dornchair ag donnadh lámh, Rel. Celt. ii 226.10 .

echtrann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. echtrann or dil.ie/19571
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: echtrant, echtrand

adj o-ā strange, foreign ; as subst. stranger, foreigner, alien , sometimes connoting enemy ; glosses externus Ml. 32b9 . 119a14 , etc. alienus 46a3 . 14a7 . exter Sg. 39b15 : a mbélre n-echtrann the foreign language Wb. 12c46 . echtrant ab extraneo , O'Mulc. 367 . combad echtran-som ho chomrorcain (ab omni errore alienum) Ml. 14a7 . honaib deithidnib echtrannaib (a curis externis) 32b9 . do doinib echtrannaib (gl. ignotis) 59b11 . du chenelaib echtrannaib, 67b3 . cenela echtranna, 113c8 . honaib comfulidib echtrannaib (consanguineis hostili abalienatis animo) 66d1 . in[na] popul n-echtrann, 67b25 . ailithri fo mam apad echtraind, Ériu vii 148.11 . i crichaib echtrannaib, TBC-LL¹ 3538 . RC xxiv 186.6 . flaith echtrann a foreign ruler PH 3256 . da flaith fein...do flaith echtrann `an extern chief' Laws i 198.27 Comm. do flaithib echtrandaib, ii 308.18 . nó labhradh tenga na ttuath nechtrann AFM vi 1920 . cine eachtrann, Keat. ii 6184 . tarb echtrann a strange bull (not belonging to the herd), Laws iii 232.19 Comm.

With prep. do: echtranna donaib bochtaib alien to the poor Ml. 28c3 . echtrainn .i. dosom, 76d3 .

As subst.: nidad óegid na æchtrinn, Wb. 21b14 . hua echtrannaib, Ml. 63b14 . 73d11 . meit ata n-echtrainn `as far as they are foreigners' 72d15 . darochair la hechtranna, Arch. Hib. ii 84 § 25 = LL 185a8 . crádh liom echtrainn dá bfógra | ríghradh Fhódla sin oirecht, O'Gr. Cat. 504. 25 . óic no echtranna, TBC-LL¹ 1150 should possibly be referred to echtranda, q.v. fri hinnarba n-echtrann, SR 7101 . Keat. iii 4021 . Attrib. g p. is common: for cricha echtrand FB 10 = LU 100b19 . o náimtib echtrand, PH 4237 . socraiti eachtrand, CCath. 5807 . O'Gr. Cat. 504.28 . ainbhine eachtronn, TSh. 5367 . a hiathaibh eachtarann, Ó Bruad. iii 224 . With poss. or obj. gen., in the sense of hostile alien, enemy: Ulaid do lecud fo chossaib a nnamat ┐ a n-échtrand, TBC-LL¹ 559.4275 . in tráth beirit...buaidh echtrann in chraoi Chuinnse, O'Gr. Cat. 504.32 . gor ba airbe... iatsein [viz. a craisecha] eturru ocus a n-echtrainn, MR 140. 12 . COMPD. ¤cheníuil of foreign race, of alien kindred: do fhir echtrandcheniuil, Aen. 2905 . in fer ectrandcheneoil, 1591 . ¤chrích a foreign land: fer echtrannchríche, BB 466 b 38 .

fócra(e), fúacra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fócra(e), fúacra or dil.ie/22543

 

Forms: fócre, fócru, fúacru, fuacru, focra, focra, fógra, fúagra, fógartha, fócra

n io, n.; later f. (vn. of fo-ocair, fúacair) O. Ir. a s. fócre, Wb. 2d17 . d s. fócru, 31c22 . fúacru, LU 10972 . fuacru, SR 6266 . n s. focra (n-aptha), Laws i 230z . focra (n-etechta), v 254.10 . fógra fúagra, IGT, Decl. § 3 ; Verbs § 47 .

(a) proclaiming, announcing, making known, giving notice: cen fócre et cen arigud (gl. usque ad legem peccatum erat in mundo Romans v 13 ) Wb. 2d17 . doni tri heigme ... do sirḟuacra a saraigthe, ZCP viii 266.4 . Cf. can a focrad, Laws v 274.9 . is nin scribthar ag fuacra na forbaidi sin to mark that accent Auraic. 1561 . cen robud cen rígḟócra, Metr. Dinds. iii 354 . fa lestar togaidhe fri fóccra fírinne (of a saint) BNnÉ 20 § 43 . Lism. L. 589 (fogra). amhail bhíos buachaill an táibhirne ag fógra an fhíona maith, TSh. 10678 . amhasdrach d'fógra a claoidhte | doní cú anbhfann the feeble dog `barks to proclaim his defeat' Content. xxiv 12 . bheith ag murmur no ag fuagradh go bhfuilmidne san gceimsi ar earraid, Luc. Fid. 194.1 . With DO of pers.: do ḟúacra na ceilge do Hectoir to warn H. of the ambush TTr.² 1188 = LL 406a47 . mar a n-abair Críost ag fógra anfhorlainn an bháis don duine, ecce venient dies ... ( Luke xix 43 ), TSh. 1061 . Of denouncing a fault, etc.: oc fócru a pecctha do chách, Wb. 31c22 . iar fuacra a chore dó `after admonishing him of his fault' Mon. Tall. § 37 . co forngaire firinde, co fuagra gach claein, ACL iii 320 § 98 . cen dītiun fīrindi, cen fouaccrae cloīni [sic leg. ?], ZCP iii 450.7 .

(b) esp. announcing, proclaiming (a ruler): atáid got fhógra fuinn 's dinn, O'Gr. Cat. 484 . Cf. rí tré iathuibh dá ḟuagra, TD 10.8 , which could, however, belong to (g).

(c) a notice, announcement, summons, ordinance: in tan tucad in fuacra-sa, PH 363 (= in smacht ib.; = in forcongra 366 ). meni dérntais dar fócra unless they acted against the decree Ériu iv 94 . dochuaid rechtaire in rig do fuacra for P. ┐ for a muime co ndigsitiss do glanad thellaig, Trip. 14.19 ( Trip.² 174 ). cuirid scéala go Mochuda da ḟógra dhó Rathain do tréigean, Keat. iii 1896 . gur chuir fógra fana hEoghanachtaibh 'ga rádh riú biadh ... do chur ... chuige, 3045 . fógra chuírte ... do chor lá Presidens ... go síol mB. `a proclamation for holding a court was issued by the President ... to Síol mB.' AFM v 1638.3 . foccra parlimenti do thabhairt dferaibh Ereann dia ḟorcongra for a maithibh a beith imbeltaine ... in Ath Cliath, 1826.19 . fógradh cruinnighthe ar chrú mB. `a summons of gathering ... to the blood of B.' O'Gr. Cat. 503.7 . fuáir tú fúagra = `thou art commanded' Gen. xlv 19 . tug Aáron fúagra made proclamation Exodus xxxii 5 . fuáir fógra ... ó neamh ... fios do chur ortsa = `was warned from God' Acts 10.22 . ag tabhairt ḟógra dhá gach áon = `warning every one' Colossians 1.28 . achd gu dtuga tú fógra dhó a dtáobh a ṡeachráin uáir nó dhó = `after the first and second admonition' Titus 3.10 . stocc foccra a summoning trumpet MacCarthy 56.16 ( LB 111a59 ). Later pl. fógartha ┐ aitheanta Dé, Eochairsg. 14.33 .

In Laws: a warning (of legal action), summons: toing to Dia, nach fōcre fond[o]t-ocerthar not-gebà huidhib aitire cach tēchta, Bürgschaft 22 § 65b . dia treise iar fócru `at three days' notice' Críth G. 85 . focra n-aptha (one of the `lesa' concerning which distress extends to three days) Laws i 230z (glossed .i. smacht biata do mic bithbinig tar apadh 234.2 . na séoit fōccra ┐ na seōit ōna cu cinniudh re rē, O'D. 2413 (see 2 sét). Here smacht may be synon. with fócra, cf. PH 363 above). focra la foircsin `warning by eyewitness' Laws ii 308.21 ( SM Facs. 35b ). ZCP xiv 382 (`Verkündigung bei Überblicken'). do fet focra folad .i. as remtechtai lium foccra abaid ┐ troisci do tabairt fair anas fola athgabhala do gabhail de, 23 P 3, 23aa ( O'Curry 1874 ). f.¤ n-étéchta an illegal challenge: focra n-etechta (... i. crand do togbail ... .i. conicfad tobach a fiach o mudh aile), Laws v 254.10 (256.21) . masa aonfear dib dorine in fuacra n-etechta sunn, ┐ ní errecht in fer eile ina adhaigh (of a challenge in a place where fighting is prohibited), O'D. 389 (< H 3.17, 295 ) = Laws v 304 Comm.

(d) summoning, suing (?): in fili oca fúacru fora nglinne ┐ a nadmand `summoning them by their sureties' Imr. Brain 47.14 ( LU 10972 ; occ accrui ┐ oc fuacra v.l. Cf. na secht filid dia ṅglámad ┐ dia n-erḟuacra `satirize and denounce' Dinds. 161 ). Cf. next.

(e) denouncing (with FOR, AR of pers.): fógra ar ṡeanchaidh madh fiú a locht `to denounce a sage' Content. xiv 15 . gur coir ... fuagra air mur iodhaladhraightheoir, Luc. Fid. 195 . Ó M. ... d'ēcc ... ┐ a mac do ghabhail a ionaid a hucht na bainrioghna. araill do dhaoinibh uaisle a chinidh acc fóccra ┐ acc fuaidreadh fair a ndiaidh an anma sin, AFM vi 2092.16 . Cf. é fein d'fogra mar brághaidh [sic] don bhainrioghain `he was declared the Queen's prisoner' v 1688.3 . See (g). Here perhaps: déna dam dóibh focra lethamnas, ACL iii 295 § 24 . desimrecht ar trefoccul focra dorigne F., 293 n. 17 = in treḟoclach focrai, 293.18 (where t.f.¤ is applied to an ingenious specimen of indirect satire). trefocal fócra, Laws iii 92.10 .

(f) giving notice of battle, declaring war, challenging (with FOR of person): ar na tíset óic ... do ḟuacra comraic forru TBC-LL¹ 1150 . techta do dul ... do ḟúacra chatha for Troiánaib, TTr.² 555 . cath d'foccra forra, Cog. 132z . coccadh d'fógra fair, AFM ii 1120.2 . comracc d'focra do R. ... ar D., Ann. Conn. 1279 § 6 . eirge d'focra in comraic, Laws v 478.18 . a uagra catha ar Crumthann `the C. have the proclamation of his battles' Hy Maine 163 (= a furogra Uí Maine 46ra22 ).

(g) proscription, banishment, outlawry: fo thrí ... rodiultsat fir Herenn fria filedu ... Dā cēt ar mīli a lín isin cetna ḟocru ... In fuacra tānise ... `the first proscription ... the second proscription' RC xx 42 ( ACC Introd . ). bóe Dauid ré mór ... fo fuacru, fo innarthaib, SR 6266 . an tan do-beirt[h]i fōgra do c[h]liaraibh Fōdla, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 92 § 6 (< B IV 2, 155b ). fógra a fírḟréimhe `the banishment of her true race' Ériu viii 192 . fógra dhaoibh ós aird oruinn `thy public proscription of me' TD 3.20 . crádh liom echtrainn da bfógra `that foreigners proscribe them' O'Gr. Cat. 504.25 (cf. rí tré iathuibh dá ḟuagra, TD 10.8 ). égcert d'fhógra asedh doniad what they do is to banish injustice L. Cl. A. B. p. 240.86 . Cf. (e).

FOR (AR) F.¤ banished. outlawed: go ro cuirit ar fogra o thír co tír, AFM iv 1018.16 . ni ḟuair dion ... fear ar fógra ó ṡíol S. `banished by s. S.' TD 10 8 . an tan do bí sé ar foccra o Nera, BCC § 362 . beith ar faoindeal ┐ ar iogra AFM v 1640.8 (`wandering and proclaimed' note). fer foccra an outlaw LB 275b48 (wrongly fócrach, SG 61 ) = fer fōgra, CCellaig 724 . iomdha daorbhreith ... d'ḟonn a thréighte is ḟógartha `from a wish to betray him and banish him' Ó Bruad. iii 80 .

dligid foendelach fuacra, YBL 411d18 = LL 345d24 (= furfocra, Anecd. iii 14 ) may mean = a stranger is entitled to notice. Cf. Smith, RC xlv 33 . Laws ii 288.4 ( ZCP xiv 374 ).

For: maithe Tuadhmumhan do focra do ` submitted ' (to him' ALC i 642.27 , the variants are: do creidium do AU ii 474.26 ; do umhlughadh do Brian, AFM iii 580.18 ; do frecra do, Ann. Conn. 1343 § 7 . The latter is perhaps the right reading in ALC.

See fúacair and fúacairt.

fo-eim, -foím, -fóem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-eim, -foím, -fóem or dil.ie/22650

 

Forms: fóemaid, fáemaid, foemaim, fuimiu, foím, faemhuidh, -faemhann, fáemit, foemtaitt, faema, rofaomae, rofaemadh, ḟaemadh, foremais, foet, foet, ḟoet, fáet, forroet, ar-foím, for-étt, fhaomh, faemastar, faemastair, aemasdar, foetatar, ḟaemsat, fáemóbh-, fóemhōghaidh, ḟaemabh

later as simple verb, fóemaid, fáemaid. Ind. pres. 1 s. foemaim, LU 8488 . ni fuimiu , ZCP viii 314.21 . 3 s. conda foím , Ériu iv 163 § 27 . faemhuidh, -faemhann, Lism. L. 2923 - 4 . 3 pl. fáemit, LU 9036 . (With suff.) foemtaitt, ACL iii 303 § 12 . pres. subj. 3 s. ron faema , SR 8223 na rofaomae , Mon. Tall. § 54 . past subj. 3 s. rofaemadh ZCP v 502.22 . acht con ḟaemadh , ZCP xiii 174y . pret. and perf. 2 s. foremais, TBC-LL¹ 4012 (forfáomhais St) 3 s. ni foet , RC xxv 346 § 2 (cf. ni foet , ACC 96 ). nad ḟoet , TBC-I¹ 1336 = fáet, LU 5807 ( ni forroet , Corm. Y 698 belongs to ar-foím. cf. also ní for-étt , Ériu xiii 26.30 ). gur fhaomh , PBocht 5 § 27 . nír faemastar , TBC-LL¹ 2186 . ro faemastair BNnÉ 322 § 29 . nír aemasdar , YBL 394b18 . 3 pl. ni foetatar , Anecd. iii 63.10 . nar ḟaemsat , LL 141bz . Middle Ir. fut. stem fáemóbh-: fóemhōghaidh, ZCP xiii 174z But: ní ḟaemabh , IGT, Verbs ex. 583 . See ib. § 67 , where the short vowel is queried, and in some copies condemned. Vn. fáemad, fáemachtain q.v.

In general sense accepts, cf. ar-foím.

(a) accepts, receives (person or thing; DI or ó from), often with notion of approving, countenancing: ni rofoemus sai ... mnai, ZCP iii 237.8 = nír forfáemusa, LU 10323 . úair nad fáet úad a targid dó since he did not accept from him what he had offered him LU 5807 . ro thairgedar do Ercuil a righi ┐ nir fhaem-sam sin, Stair Erc. 490 . fu[a]cair ... do chlannaib S. ... na roḟaema duine dib | ingena ... Caín command the children of S. not to take unto them the ... daughters of C. Rawl. 76a22 (= LL 141b27 ). ochtor do sil Seth ... naroemsat Chain ib. Rawl. 76a 26 (= nar ḟaemsat LL). ní roḟaem nech ... in n-ardríg, Metr. Dinds. iii 342.63 . ar na roḟoem in gilla hi bus hi as the youth (Joseph) did not consent to join her LB 115b1 . tri bliadna deg ... rofaemadh Niall was accepted (as king) BB 50b20 ( MacCarthy 422 ). duīne ... conscelaigetar do briathraib esbaib ... ni rofaemtha cucut thou shalt not admit to thy company ZCP iii 29.12 . ni ḟaomha luighech laimthech, Ériu xiii 20.12 . do aomh sé Muire mar mhnaoi, Dán Dé ii 13 . a anim ararb urusa aslach cech uilc, ┐ ná ro ḟóem in maith itir, PH 8116 . cén mótá uathadh na ro ḟaomh baitsiodh nā creideamh uadh, AFM i 130 . faemais R. inni sin donti náemh F. accepted that (blessing) from F. BNnÉ 321 § 24 . in gáir tucsumar nir ḟaem heeded not MR 40.6 . hit ēsin a n-anmann | dia faemtatar togarmand from which they received their appellations ZCP xii 246 § 20 (corresponding to: conid uaidib ar-femat anmanna, 245.2 ).

(b) agrees to (a proposal), consents (to do something), with neg. refuses: eircid, for C., cussin fer ... Foemaimsea sin tra, for Cú Ch., LU 8488 ( FB 34 ). ba si comairli Ulad forro ... fáemitsium dano ani hisin, LU 9036 ( FB 78 ). ba dirsan duit nách athesc ... Fergusa foremais, TBC-LL¹ 4012 . ca tindscra chuinghi ... ? Mo beith ... ac in ḟir. In fáeme-si siut ? ar P. Fáemaim ... cach ní adera-su rium do dénum, Acall. 6680 . faomaid umaloitt do denum, BColm. 56.10 . nír faemsad na cleirigh anmain, KMMisc. 319.4 . nír aemh codlud lea máthair, Lism. L. 258 . admháil Iosa ... níor aomh aon-asbal eile no other apostle confessed Jesus Dán Dé xx 14 . ro faemabair mo mharbad, Ériu iii 160.8 . rofóemad leo a bás ... menisoerad mo Rígmac they had agreed to slay him SR 3133 . faemais F. ... a breth dosan mar dubairt `agreed that he should receive his award' Ériu iv 226 § 50 . eirgedh ... cu F., dia fhis in bhfaemhann an cis-sin ... Faemhuidh F. in cís-sin ┐ geallaid a thabairt uadh, Lism. L. 2923 . rogabh A. ... do comrag la F. acht conḟaemadh F. provided F. would consent ZCP xiii 174y . do aomhadar cáin do dhíol uatha, Keat. ii 3954 . nír faemastar Fer b. [cen] in comrac do denam F. would not consent to relinquish the fight TBC-LL¹ 2186 = nir ḟoem F. cen in comrac, etc. St. nir fhaem orumsa ... dul isin glenn would not go in to the glen for me Comp. CC 86.12 . gach itchi nár ḟaomhus ort which I did not grant for thy sake ZCP x 348 § 13 .

With ellipse of vn. obj.: muna faoma am imdaigh if thou wilt not come to my couch ZCP i 134y . ro innsidar nar faem Bibus leo that B. had refused to come with them vi 278.32 .

Passing into sense undertakes, attempts (to do something): is snámh a n-aghaidh srotha sin ... ┐ ní ḟaomhaim-si é, Todd Lect. iv 90.26 (perhaps = I do not accept the task). faemait ... teiced ceilgi rompo take to feigned flight CCath. 3101 . ro faemustar in t-athleim `made a second leap' MR 234 4 . cradh Cind Faelad ... do faemadh la Findachta, BB 50a46 ( MacCarthy 416 ). (ellipt.) ó ró thuit C , ... ┐ ro ḟaomhsad Laighnibh as a láithrib catha `betook themselves from their positions of battle' (= gave way ?) Todd Lect. iv 104 § 45 .

(c) accepts (ill-treatment, etc.), submits to, allows: is tūscu ro ḟaemomais-ne sin inás do ticfámais tar in mbreithir doratsum, CCath. 1682 (foidenmis; no fodemmais v.l.). gur fhaomh a ghabháil `deigned to be made prisoner' PBocht 5 § 27 . mina faemair do gabail unless you consent to be captured ZCP vi 36.12 . do aomhsad a léirscrios tar sáile amach, Hackett xv 37 .

(d) yields, concedes, grants, allows (with DO of pers.): dona fíb nochretitis ... ┐ no fáemtaís a n-anmchardine dó LU 2262 ( FA 32 ). faomhuis ... don mnaoi ... | Ráith Ráithleann do bheith da ghairm | ...mar ainm ar an múr [sic leg.], Ériu i 99.5 . foemuis Magnus doibh oirisium for dliged a sen, Marco P. 25 . inní nár faematar a athair nā ṡenathair do fémad dó to yield to him what ... never yielded Cog. 142.19 . ro fhaomhsat Tuath De D. an righe do Breas, Leb. Gab.(i) i 164.13 . neamh dá humhla go n-aomhthaoi may heaven be granted to her meekness (used to be ?) Ó Bruad. ii 122 z.

Cf. Cenel nA. ni theiged hi Caisiul co núe, ar ni foetatar ni assa cuit i mBruig Rig ...; is N. namma di maccaib C. dobert mbruig Rig do Chaissiul. ni foetatar a maic olchena, Anecd. iii 63.10 .

1 íar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 íar or dil.ie/26931
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: iar, ier, iar, ar, iar, érsná, er, ier, iar, ar, iarsin, érsná, iarmut, iarma, íarma, iarmu, iarmo, iarmaib, arnam, iarna, iarnar, íarnar, íar, iarna, íar, íarconn, íarngaes, íarmblas

nasalising prep. with dat. Forms: O.Ir. iar, ier; Mid. Ir. iar, ar: iar, Wb. 4a27 . Sg. 161b5 . érsná súthaib, Thes. i 5.33 . er, Sg. 197b10 . er cul Peter Apstel, Thes. ii 289.18 . ier, Thes. ii 240.20 , 24 (Ardm.). Hib. Min. 420 (H). CCath. 3475. Leb. Gab.(i) 88.x . ZCP viii 108.9 . Fl. Earls 166.16 . iar, Metr. Dinds. iii 170.27 . AFM vi 2372.17 . ar, Maund. § 11. Fl. Earls 178.9 .

With article: sg. iarsin tairgiriu, Wb. 19c3 . iarsin chumung, 16c19 . iarsind urd, Fél. Prol. 279. iarsind aeor, SR 2134. iarsint ṡligi, ScM. § 1.13 . íarsin muir, Imr. Brain § 32. īarsan abaind, Ériu ii 22.20 . pl. érsná súthaib, Thes. i 5.33 . iarsna reaib, Laws iv 230.z . iarnaib ... bliadnaib, 176.5 . iarsna saethraib, ACL iii 10.14 .

With pron. suff.: s. 2 iarmut, Ml. 70c15 . s. 3 m. and n. íarum q.v. (used only adverbially). Later O. and Mid. Ir. iarma, TBC-I¹ 1455. PH 7121 , 5654 . íarma: (bliadna), Todd Lect. iii 154 § 3. iarmu, IT i 120.30 . iarmo, PH 4673. pl. 3 iarmaib, SR 4776. IT iii 70 § 23.

With poss.: s. 1 arnam crádh , IGT Decl. ex. 223. arn-am choimmeas, TSh. 328. s. 3 m. and n. iarna hiris, Wb. 5c24 . íarna míad, Críth G. 83. air na chruthughadh, Donlevy 58.27 . f. iarna beím, ScM. § R 18 . pl. 1 iarnar sóirad, Wb. 14c7 . íarnar n-imchosait, LU 8080. pl. 2 íar far toimtin-si, Wb. 20a14 . pl. 3 iarna ndichennad, LU 9018.

With rel. (no ex. in O. Ir. Glosses): in sét iarsa tancatar, PH 7036. na da bethaid iarsa fhognann ..., 3546 .

Folld. by acc. instead of dat.: iarsin mbaigse, Fél. Ep. 315 v.l. iarsin mbethaid sin, PH 4669. iarsna gnimu mora, 1399 .

I Of time.

(a) Folld. by subst., vn. or pron. after: mad slaán in ball iarna galar `after its sickness,' Wb. 12b11 . massu cut séitchi rocretis na scarad frit iar cretim `let her not part from thee after believing,' 10a29 . iar ndígbail in tinfith `after taking away the aspiration,' Sg. 9a16 . dia treise íar fócru on the third day after notice, Críth G. 84. iar compert din spirad naob, Mon. Tall. 127.11 . mairc damsa ría cách, mairg íar cách, BDD² 731. íar ndénum in brothchán do-bert a máthair dí, 66 . dósom ┐ dia manchaib iar n-a écc, Lat. Lives 24.13 . iar feis di la Eochaid, IT i 121.26 . iar tregtad a chridi na chlíab, TBC-LL¹ 2036. iarsin mbethaid-sin ... `post hanc uitam,' PH 4669. ar techtt do Séith o pharrdus mar a roibi a athuir fúair ar faghbáil báis é `he found him dead,' Maund. § 11. in tan ... at[c]onncatar na fogmoraigh iar caithem a shoighet é, Stair Erc. 594. an lá air na mhárach the following day, Donlevy 486.6 . in pāpa ar n-īc a ttinnscra the Pope having paid their dowry, Fl. Earls 178.9 . `on condition that': tug a anam do iar n-anmain aigi na oglach indraic co bas, Stair Erc. 2554.

(b) With various substantives denoting time: íar cind aimsire léicid Cormac ... `after a time,' BDD² 64. tuidecht i n-Érinn íar n-aimseraib cíanaib, Imr. Brain § 32. ticfa már-gein íar mbethaib `after ages,' § 26 . gabsat Érinn iar n-edaib (v.l. ndedaib)? `at intervals,' Metr. Dinds. iii 170.27 . dia ro goireadh O Neill iar ttrioll `who was afterwards styled O'Neill,' AFM vi 2372.17 .

(c) Combines with pronouns and some substantives to form adverbs: íar sin, íar sain then, thereupon, after that, thereafter: dutét iarsin dia chennadich `then he comes to his province,' Thes. ii 240.13 . at-chíusa íar sin sainslabra sainigthi remib then I see, BDD² 462. dogníthea airig doib íar sin comdar reachtaidi uile, 101 . deisidh C. ina suidhe iar sin thereupon , ScM. § R 13 . ní bu chían íarsin coráncatar tír inna mban, Imr. Brain § 62. ro fallsighed do cach ní no biad iarsin `all that would be thereafter,' RC xxiv 192.2 . íar sodain after that, then: scaraid B. friu iar sodain, LU 8155. conid iar sodain ro gab ina glaic, 9070 . lotor ass íarsodhain, Hugh Roe 20.4 . íar suidiu after this, hereafter: ránic Patricc iersuidiu `after this came Patrick,' Thes. ii 240.20 . lotar íarum dochum nAlban ┐ ortadar a n-orcain and, ┐ ath-ralsat íar suidhi dochum nÉrenn, BDD² 428. bá iar sudiu conacrad Ailill do Chonchobur, LU 8744. in cauradmir ... do fodail fón slóg uile innocht ┐ techt immi iar sudiu hereafter , 8214 . lotar deisell arnauárach go D.... Lotar īar suidhiu do cill Monach, ZCP viii 106.28 . íar sunn hereupon: is íar sunn doinscanat gráda inna flaithe it is after this that the noble classes begin, Críth G. 315. íar tain afterwards, then (may refer either to past or fut. time): ciasu iartain rocet `though it was sung afterwards,' Ml. 2b6 . gair biuc iartain `shortly afterwards,' Sg. 147a7 . ro soich in rí iartain dochum na hingeni afterwards the king went, IT i 120.15 . má adcetha Aircthech íar tain, Imr. Brain § 12. co ro thuismiset iar tain so that afterwards they begot, SR 2403. dús inn imgabaind iar tain | Coinculaind mac Sualtaig `um zu sehen, ob ich ... vermeiden könnte,' TBC-LL¹ 488. is and-side ro-m-adnaiced-sa fen iar-tain `where I myself was afterwards laid,' PH 1533. ro-ádnacht tra a dá ingen, in da noem óig iar cén máir iar-tain `his daughters, the two holy virgins, were buried long after,' 2565 - 6 . ba dércach trócar ... ernaigtech in tí Longínus iar-tain thereafter , 684 . ro scail Ercuil de iar d[t]ain `and then H. loosed him,' Stair Erc. 359. íar céin after some time: in chaingnímai aili is iarceín rofinnatar `it is after a time that the other good deeds are discovered,' Wb. 29a30 . ro aintadaigsetar iar cein | sil Seth ocus clann Caeïn, SR 2401. ri dorat Seth soer iarcein | d'Adaum inn-inad n-Abeil, 2009 . da-nid da leith don duine ┐ ni cluined co hiarcen `he would not hear it till long afterwards,' Aen. 1936. íarsind úair after a while, presently: is mo chendsa ceta-imchoichertthar and íarsind úair iter feirtsib carpat, BDD² 732. íar n-úair in turn: déca cach ingnad ar n-úair, LU 3605. do cach budin ar [n-]úair, 2025 . ni for amlesaib in tṡlúaig | ber-sa cach fordul ar n-úair, TBC-LL¹ 487. go smuainim iar n-uair Muire ar tonnaibh an taobhochta `then let me think of Mary ...,' Studies 1932, 433 § 5 .

(d)

(i) íar + vn. + gen. has the sense of a past participle pass. or, in ref. to future time, of a fut. perf. participle pass. The agent is introduced by do: hícc sochuide tre precept iarnar sóirad `after our deliverance,' Wb. 14c7 . iar nemfadbail fire daoine `when the tests of men have not been procured,' Laws iv 294.7 Comm. iarna breith `having been born,' Fél. Ep. 119. iar tarmthecht dún `after we had transgressed,' SR 1559. in ndaraig móir ... iarna beím dó asa fremaib, Sc.M² R §18. iar ngabail righe d'Eochaid, IT i 118.8 . ni boí occosom do chumachta a mbith beó iarna ndichennad when once they should be beheaded, LU 9018. íarnar n-imchosait do Bricrind after B. shall have set us at loggerheads, 8080 . in c[h]uid nār marbad dīb do bātar ar n-a crēchtnugad, ML² 386. ar ndol dó isteagh san gceardchain `after he had gone in,' TSh. 313. delb Iustiníanuis impir ... ar na órud ` gilded ,' Maund. § 8. ionmhuin troigh a-tá ar n-a goin that has been wounded, DDána 26 § 24. atá arna tionól sonna `here is gathered,' Studies 1919, 438 § 3 . in fínemhain iarna freacar `when cultivated,' Stair Erc. 496.

(ii) íar + vn. + gen. dependent on vn. has also the force of a past participle pass.: iar marbhadh a righ `their king having been slain,' Stair Erc. 738. ar caithem na mís sin doibh `after they had passed that month,' 1038 . iar forba in morgnima so do E. `after H. had completed,' 373 .

(iii) When the vn. is beith, íar mbeith means being: iar nembeith cethra nocho `when he has not cattle,' Laws iv 264.22 . iar mbeith ag teitheadh do A. `while A. was fleeing,' TSh. 999. air mbeith dhamh go tromdha, tuirseach I being ..., Donlevy 288.9 . ar mbeith F. uasa cinn `since Ph. was above him,' Stair Erc. 342.

II Of place.

(a) across, along used both of movement across and of position along (e.g. along the edge of ...): traigh a leithead tis iar n-ichtar along the bottom, Laws iv 112.4 . airtem a leithet a crui iar n-airthur `a fist with the thumb extended being the breadth of its fork in front,' (i.e. across the front), ii 238.15 . a crich iar fut, iar lethet in its length and breadth, SR 2640. do deochaid Moisi ... for teched ... | iar tírib, iar slichtib srath, 3735 . conḟacca Euá... | iarsind aeor do noebnim | tri heoin gela through the air, 2134 . oc techt īar fraīchrud Mide síar across the heath, ScM. § 20.5 . oc ascnom íar Slige Chúaland, BDD² 288. scéith ... co círbachlaib co n-esnadaib crédumai iarna tóebaib along the sides of them. TBFr. 40. foracabsat a lungai isin inbiur ┐ dodechotar iar tír, Lat. Lives 5.1 . conacci a dochum in fer isin charput íarsin muir, Imr. Brain § 32. dolluid Eogan ... iarsind ḟaidche, IT i 76.3 . dolinged míl mbec iarsin lind dochum a bél across the liquid?, LU 10598. saighet tenedh do thuidhecht iar fut Laighen across Leinster, AU i 476.7 . colg dét iarna chossliasait chlí along his left thigh, TBC-LL¹ 5287. clar airgit ... co n-aireccur ōir...fair...iar n-imechtair `along the outside,' CCath. 5232. íar n-oraib na long `along the edges of the ships,' TTr.² 893. robarta tond tūargabar īar tóib betha blāi, Ériu vii 2.25 . bleogan ... do lēcad īarsan abaind `adown the river,' ii 22.20 . a troigthi ar n-ichtur ┐ a n-aigthi ar n-uachtur, TTebe 3069 . d' faixin in chaislēin ier n-inmhedhón on the inside, Fl. Earls 108.x . 166.16 .

(b) beyond, on the farther side of: lodar ... siar co rangadar Teach nDuinn iar nErinn beyond Ireland, Anecd. i 18.6 . co rochtus iarum inis nGlúairi iar nIrrus Domnand, Ériu iv 140.15 . i Síd Nenta iar n-usciu, Metr. Dinds. ii 8.92 . iar múr amuig, i 4.35 .

íar cúl behind: a mbís iarna chúul dind séit `what part of the way lies behind him,' Wb. 24a17 . laech as deach fil íar cúl scéith i tír Hérend, BDD² 690. co cúala a ceól íarna chúl `behind him,' Imr. Brain § 2. ro cumrigthe a lláma iarna cúl behind her back, IT i 76.11 . ind raibi athcomarc lat iar do chúl ria tudechd húc `didst thou ask permission of those whom thou didst leave before coming hither?', Mon. Tall. 135.28 . cumma no ṡliged iarna chulaib ┐ ara belaib `behind him and in front of him', Ériu iv 30.6 . an droch-nós do bhí 'na dhúthaigh do chor ar gcúl `to put aside,' TSh. 359.

III Abstract meanings.

according to, in respect of, by reason of: iár fír ` truly ,' Wb. 16a7 . amal dondbeir do cách iarna hiris `according to his faith,' 5c24 . ar n-athir iar colinn gl. secundum carnem, 2b23 . iar ndoinacht, Ml. 17d3 . sech ba huaisliu intí forchongair iar n-aicniud `though he that orders were naturally the superior,' Sg. 161b5 . co mbí bés a thige and íarna míad, Críth G. 83. nad imdich dethbiri iar ndia ocus duine `which necessity does not save according to God and man,' Laws ii 2.7 . iar th'intliucht, iar do glanchéil, SR 1582. noda sloindet íarum iarna slontib fíraib, TBFr. 66. .ix. ngrad nime íarna cémennaib ┐ íarna n-urd, LU 1977. iar forcetul in apstail, PH 4179. ar sēna féin imm ar ndeilb cid iar fírinni bem though we be in the right, Mer. Uil. 9. bid iar cōir a ōegedecht, ACL iii 313 § 11. do for[ṡ]lontib Ulad īar coitchenn in general , ZCP viii 331.10 . gérbho soicenelach hé iar ccolainn ro bai soichenelcha iar menmain, RC xxv 390 § 3. do Fearaib Bolg iat iar ngenelach `by race,' Ériu ii 182.1 .

Of authority, source, etc.: iar n-arsidib `according to the ancients,' Sg. 57b1 . mad iar ceill Cirine `if after the opinion of Jerome,' Hib. Min. 291. iar foirinn aili `according to others,' BColm. 56.28 . iar n-Augustin, PH 6436.

IV= íarum: do haithleaghadh iar i dtriathfhuil Éirionnach, Ó Bruad. ii 144.18 . aithneas iar nár chéim crithre `then she learned ...,' 120.5 . Cf. iar .i. na dhiadh, O'Cl.

V Prefixed to nouns and adjectives, íar nasalises and has the meaning after , e.g. íarconn, íarngaes, íarmblas. A few examples show lenition, e.g. íarshliss.

For íarsindí see under 4 í.

3 in-,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 in-, or dil.ie/28196
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: in-, in-, in-, in-, ínnair, hinarmaighe, incathe, h-ion-Con-cculaind, hingallru, inrigh

in adjectival formation. Adjj. are formed by composition of the particle in- (which Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 358 (f) regards as probably an intensive prefix but see Ériu xx 83 ) with (a) a substantive (the term ionshamhlughadh is applied to this type of adj. in IGT Introd. 33 § 151 , § 152 ) or vn. or (b) a participle in -t(a)e, -th(a)e. These adjectives are indeclinable and those in group (a) have the meaning capable of, fit for, proper for, worthy of (the action, thing or person expressed by the substantive): with the vn. the sense is usually passive: ` fit to be ....' If formed with the part. they have nearly always the force of the Lat. gerundive.

in- lenited the following initial, but in some later examples sh- is replaced by ts-.

(a): [Where the substantive compounded with in- was an o-stem, the resulting adj. was an i- stem. Hence it came to be considered that these adjj. were formed with the gs. of the subst., and many of the later exx. consist of in-+g s. of a subst. See GOI § 345 ]. ¤accra capable of being claimed: imḟorcraid ro b'ināirme na cindedh comloinn ro b'inagra, MR 268.19 . ¤aicde ` capable of acting as surety ' (Plummer MS. notes): frisin raith innaicde, O'Curry 67 (< H 3.18, p. 24b ). ¤affrinn fit to offer Mass; suitable for the offering of Mass: nír inaiffrind in altóir i nfécmais in tréidhe sin, SG 31.11 . an sacart do-chī an aisling sin nī h-in-aifrinn hé, De Contemptu 986. ¤áig capable of giving battle: in nech ba hionáigh gan oil, Duan. F. i 6.12 . ¤aignis able to argue: dá bhrígh sin nach rabhas ionaighnis risna taoiseachaibh so, Maguires of F. § 56. ¤ainmmnigthe fit to be named: is úaitsi is ionainmnighthe í, ar Ronán, Ériu v 94.4 . ¤air fit for ploughing: As subst. itir ḟidh ocus fer ocus ínnair , Laws iv 146.1 Comm. indair .i. in t-ar derg no in gort, ut est itir fér ┐ ith ┐ indair ` arable land ,' O'Dav. 1120. seacht seisrecha leis for indair, Anecd. i 1.8 . ¤airm capable of bearing arms: a fir i.¤ athramail aín. IT iii 80.27 . do hoileadh Lúgh Lamhfada go beith ionairm dó, Keat. i 220.17 . ¤áirme, later also ¤áirim worthy of being recounted or mentioned: ni hionairme tu itir deglaochaib, TBC-LL¹ p. 241 n. 5 . an tres itche as ionáirme, BNnÉ i 224.37 . imḟorcraid ro b'inairme `any advantage worth mentioning,' MR 268.19 . is roim thigerna do gairm dhe as mo do rinne se do na gnimhaibh bad ináirmhe dhúin, L. Chl. S. § 46 . gonar fhagaibhsiat ní is ionaireamh da leabhruibh innte, MS. Mat. 551.41 . nír bhó hionairimh a n-échta, AFM vi 1936.11 . cás oinigh ni hionáirimh | go bás t'oidhir d'fholáirimh, Aithd. D. 60 § 33. ¤aistir fit to travel, capable of walking: atai-si anbann, ┐ ní hinaistir tú budesta, ZCP vi 98.30 . ona baí ionaisttir leó an t-árach ina mbertaoi a chorp ... do dhenamh dho `as he was not able to march with them, to make for him the bier ...,' AFM iii 364.x . lé ndéantar othar don anam, ┐ lé gcuirthear ... ó bheith ionaistir i slighe na haithrighe é, TSh. 10460. As epithet of a messenger: dochuir C. a echlacha ... .i. Tairec Turusach ┐ Berraidhi Inasdair, RC xliii 14 § 8. ¤aithne capable of being recognised or acknowledged: nach tiobhairthe acht dod thogha | ionaithne na hasgadha `one sees that such gifts would not have been given thee except to mark thee out,' Aithd. D. 37 § 14. ¤aitire capable of acting as a surety: ni hinaitire ┐ ni hinraith, O'Curry 509 (< H 3.18, p. 258 ). ¤aitreba fit to be inhabited: ro láinbrisedh lais iatt conar bhó hionaittreabha inntibh (of castles that were demolished), AFM v 1386.12 . ¤allcaille ` fit for a ghost ' : aghaid glasban inalcaille le, CCath. 4023. ¤altena fit for (use as) a razor: ro thogaibh F. in luirg imremair athgeir inaltena, Stair Erc. 290. ¤amuis fit for military service: oclaech alaind inamhuis, D IV 2, 79ra24 . ? ¤áraig liable to be bound ? liable to give a pledge or guarantee ? : inarag .i. bith arag tar a cend ar na tarlaici a cinaidh for nech, O'Curry 467 (< H 3.18, p. 246 ). ¤ármaige `fit for a battle-field' : adv. co hinarmaighe (of a corpse) CCath. 4189. ¤baindse fit for a wedding-feast: flegha fuain .i. inbotha .i. inbainnsi .i. edach nuachuir, O'Curry 2067 (< H 4.22, p. 67 ). ¤béime capable of being censured, blame-worthy: má tá nidh inbhéime ann, gabhadh gach léaghthóir mo leithsgeul, Eochairsg. 17.34 . níorbh inbhéime an breitheamhnas tuaithe `the native law of the land should not be censured,' Keat. i 70.7 . ¤béla fit for the axe: etham frichnamha : tir inbela som (i.e. uncleared land), Laws iv 276.15 . ¤bésa customary: it hesidi at inbésa gl. quae ... fieri moris est, Ml. 45dr . is dusuidib ba inbesa gl. quibus moris erat, 31d12 . ¤bethe capable of being, fit to be: nabud inbethe iar n-aicniud (sic leg.) for oin `that it could not be by nature ...,' Laws i 156.16 Comm. co mbat ingnīma fri guin duine ┐ co mbat inbuithi fri tūaith `until they take their place in the tribe,' Cáin Ad. § 34. dibell .i. ní inbuithi in bello (sic leg.), O'Mulc. 311. ¤bíd fit for food ? : miach cruithnechta cruaid inbid, Laws ii 250.x . ¤boga like a bow: rella iongnáth ... ┐ crom stuagh urcrom ionbhogha eiste `a curved bow-like tail,' AFM v 1700.10 . ¤bruigne capable of taking part in a conflict: ógbhaidh fheardha ion-bhruighne `good in fight,' Content. xxix 26. ¤búana fit to be reaped: abaidh inbuana a tosach na ced mís d'foghmar, BCC 70.14 .

¤chaithme

(a) eatable, proper to be eaten: connach inchathmi do neoch ní cen shaethar, LL 285b43 . atā fleadh urlamh ionc[h]aithfe agum dhuit, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1607. biadh daingean ioncaithmhe, Eochairsg. 69.9 . Fig. ... thruailligheas an eagna dhiadha ó bheith ionchaithmhe, TSh. 8982.

(b) capable of being cast: a n-airm eadtroma ion-chaithmhe, Atlantis iv 196.3 .

¤chatha

(a) able to fight: is truagh lium méd an eigin a fuiled fir Eirenn ┐ gan mo beith féin inchatha leo, CF 400. ? As subst. : innus guma ferrde h'incathe `so that thou shalt be the better fitted to fight,' RC xix 32.y . ? To this,

(b) worth fighting for ? : madh incaithe crich .i. cathaige tar cend na criche, O'Curry 1988 (< H 4.22, p. 24 ).

¤chéile marriageable: iar mbeith inchéile agus ionchuinge dhó, ITS x 78.3 . ¤chennaig worthy to be bought ? : do ghrádh d'fithcheallaibh ní ḟuil | far b'inchendaigh clár cumdoigh, IGT Decl. ex. 524. ¤chinaid capable of (committing) an offence ? responsible ? : ar na bi nach soer fri tairmt[h]egd in domnaig ... di neuch bes incinaid, Anecd. iii 25.20 . ¤choganta (g. of congnad late form of congnam) able to help: an chuid eile d'á cloind do bí inchúganta, AU iii 546.4 . ¤cho[i]mge, ¤cho[i]mde worthy of protection: do chlú is ionchomhdha do Bhrian ... `it is B.'s duty to maintain thy fame,' Aithd. D. 19 § 13. ionchoimhdhe ar ndáinne mar as creidthe a gcanfaimne `my poem is to be heeded,' § 12 . ¤choisc able to restrain or resist ? : cosmail ra Ailill n-ucud ... n-inchoisc `zurückzuhaltenden (?)', TBC-LL¹ 5436. ¤choise capable of being traversed on foot: ag leanbh 'na áth ionchoise `a ford that even a child could cross,' Aithd. D. 60 § 30. ¤chomartha worthy of note: atáid trí neithe ionchomhartha do leith an bháis chorpardha, TSh. 8561. See also inchomartha subst. infra. ¤chomlainn able to fight, a match (for) : cach aen ara mbiadh sciath ar a scath, do neoch bus incomlaind, Laws i 158.4 . dáig ní hinchomlaind ┐ ní hinchomraic aithle chomraic Ḟir diad, TBC-LL¹ 5717. secht fichit laech ┐ secht fichit fer incomlaind (read n-in- ...) `seven score ordinary fighting men,' IT ii2 196.3 . ni rabi ... fer bad incomlaind do, Cog. 174.17 . ní hincomhluind tú fein rium-sa, ZCP vi 36.11 . dá dtig an t-aithrigheach do bheith láidir ionchomhlainn ris na holcaibh, TSh. 8944. ¤chommoídme worthy of being boasted of: cindedh comloinn ... rob incommaidmhe ... ar a ceile, MR 268.19 . ¤chommórtais comparable: re rígh Bréifne ní hionchomortais gl. re rígh B. ní measdae, Hard. ii 300.2 . ní raibh Leath Modha ionchommórtuis rinne, PCT 510. i ngeár-eolas na gCumas Neimhionchomórtas `the Incomparable Powers,' ITS x 78.1 . ¤chomparáite comparable: nach fuil cuingill inmesta [ná in-compráiti] itir an dorcadus ┐ an solus, De Contemptu 1276.

¤chomraic

(a) capable of giving combat, a match (for) : ní hinchomlaind ┐ ní hinchomraic aithle chomraic Ḟir diad, TBC-LL¹ 5717. ní hincomraic leanamh tri mbliadan déc, CF 404. ni hincomrac (read ¤raic) sluaigh na sochraiti ris re mét a nirt, ZCP vi 294.5 . nach incomruicc aenduine da nertmairecht risna righnuibh sin, Stair Erc. 1121. re tréithibh an té se ní hionchomhruic | céimionnas aonduine is fios domhsa `worthy to be pitted against,' Ó Bruad. ii 200.5 .

(b) fit to mate with, marriageable: co llín n-ingen n-aurlam n-inchomraic, LU 8714.

¤chomtha fit to be together with: Muirn Mheic Liag ... | níorbh ionchomtha í as m'anáir `is not fit to set beside,' TD 14 § 29. ¤Chon-Chulainn comparable with Cc.: adv. cuairt oirir co h-ion-Con-cculaind , ZCP ii 341.18 . Aodh go hionChon na hEamhna '[defending the province] as well as the Hound of Eamhain' DDána 320 § 30 , Ériu xx 85 . ¤chongbála proper to be kept, to be held : an duine nach tabhair an raed is intabhartha agus chonnmhas in raed is inchonnmhala, duine sanntach sin, ITS xxix 147.34 . d'eisiomlaruigh Criosd fein in tslighi so do bheith in-chonnmhala o bhreithir agus o ghniomh, 213.6 . ¤chosnaim able to defend: ro gabhsat na Goill ... acc denamh daingean-mhúr criadh ... co mbatar ionchosnaimh fri biodhbadhaibh `in a state to hold out against enemies,' AFM vi 2192.8 . ¤chotrebe to be dwelt (in) : adeir Galenus ... nach incaitreaba a comarsanacht na ndaine a n-a mbiad na galra gabaltacha, RC xlix 54.5 . ¤chreca capable of being sold, liable to be sold ? : ma ruca in flaith gubreth forin ceile is increca a riar de his tribute is liable to be sold as a result of it?, O'D. 519 (< H 3.17, col. 421 ). ¤chuinge fit for the yoke, marriageable: iar mbeith inchéile agus ionchuinge dhó, ITS x 78.3 . ¤chuir, ¤chora to be put, proper to be put, comparable: do cuiredh úair nárbh inchuir | cuiredh úaib ar Érendchaib, IGT Decl. ex. 711. geall cháigh 'na ucht dob ionchuir, TD 10 § 3. m'each iomchuir ... | do b'ionchuir srian dá seoladh, Studies 1933, 406 § 1 . úir budh ionchuir 'na haghaidh comparable with her, DDána 100 § 7. rob ionchuir é, ceann a cceann, | is inghean airdrīgh Éireand, KMMisc. 356 § 6. measaidh an Tighearna gurab ionchuir idir lucht an tsaidhbhris diommolta é =inter divites reprobos eum reputet Dominus, TSh. 9993. measaim ... gurab ionchuir ó theist é `I consider he should be rejected as a witness,' Keat. i 34.53 . aoibhneas ris nach ionchora, DDána 37 § 27. do chlann ní hionchora ón eire, 26 § 17. ¤Chuirc fit to be compared with Corc: ionChuirc do chuairt go Caiseal, 74 § 10. ¤chummannta fit to join a company (of warriors), able to fight: ni roibhi ... Eirristinech incumannta nach roibhi aran aensluagh-sin, ZCP vi 61.5 . ¤dála proper, peculiar (cf. is dáil do na mnáibh éadáil do dhéanamh da gach ionnmhus, Keat. ii 5323 ) : dob indala da gruaidh ghil | buaidh na hiomana an uairsin, ZCP ii 343.z . ¤dána `giftworthy' : an t-óglách óg iondána, TD 20 § 22. ¤degduine courteous, gallant: ri rob feli ┐ rob i.¤ tanicc d'feraib Erenn riam, Ann. Conn. 1230 § 9. na hairbheda órarmacha ... uasalbeoda indeghdáine (description of troops), Caithr. Thoirdh. 41.11 . ¤dénma, ¤dénaim capable of being made, (proper) to be made, capable of performing: mac bundsaidi ... mac da n-indenma no da n-indiubraic[th]i bundsach e a child by whom a rod can be made or hurled, O'Curry 559 (< H 3.18, p. 277 ). beag nach táinig mo théarma | a oirchill dob indéanmha preparation should have been made for it, Dán Dé v 1. ó tá ar n-agra indéinimh `for my suit is a fitting one,' Content. xxix 1. rún ní hindéanaimh orra it is not fitting to be secretive about them, DDána 55 § 2. flaith indéanaimh fhearachta an Iollánaigh, 83 § 19. ? To this : faghail ar ó bhfind Áonghasa | tre fholaidh nírb inndénmhasa, IGT Decl. ex. 858. ¤dermait to be forgotten, forgettable: goin th'ochta ní hindearmaid, DDána 52 § 36. mar dobínn 'ga gruaidh gelbuilc | docím úaim nach indermaid, Prolegomena 45 § 24. ¤Díarmata: fear é as inDiarmada Mhóir, DDána 299 § 29 . ¤dilg resembling a pin ? : indilg .i. cosmail fri delg ar amansi, O'Curry 811 (< H 3.18, p. 375a ). ¤dochonáig unlucky, unfortunate: is indoconáigh do rala dh' Ua Edhra sin, síth do dhénamh iarna arguin `this thing was unfortunate for O'H. ...,' ALC i 278.8 = Ann. Conn. 1225 § 12. ¤dola, ¤dula (proper) to be gone, able to go, traversable: ni hinndula daibhsi annsud, IT ii2 126.122 . ní hiondula uathadh sluaigh a ccath, CRR² § 23. asbertadar nár bó inndola isin tech, SG 319.16 . rolai Cir foirenn dia muntir dia ḟis nar indula doib in sruth, BB 7a23 . a fhearg ní háth iondula, DDána 100 § 30. an mhéid atá iondula amach do dhénamh cogaidh, Numbers i 3. ¤échta fit to perform feats, fit for military service: ro marbad cech óen ba inechta dia muntir, IT iii 516.745 . do mhnaibh ┐ do dhaoinibh nar bho hinechta itir, AFM iii 466.19 . ni therno duine inéchta dona v cathaib .xx. it, D IV 2, 77vb3 . ¤echthres suitable for horse-contests ? : ineachthreas .i. áonach, O'Cl. ¤ecna capable of wisdom: do cuiredh dá oileamhuin é gan beth ineagna dhó, RC xxxviii 134.4 . ¤éicin necessary: is inéigin sgéla d'fhiarfaighidh don othur opus etiam aegrotum ... inquiri, O'Gr. Cat. 282.3. ¤engnama capable of valiant deeds: ailebthair lim-sa go rop inengnama (of a whelp), TBC-LL¹ 1049. nir inengnuma e ro hocci it was not fit for action on account of (its) youth, Cog. 186.23 . ¤érce liable to be paid (as éric) : fuil setaibh acrai inerce `a wound [inflicted] in the course of levying a payment due,' BCrólige § 63 , glossed : indat ineirce seoit o acarar `for which chattels are payable when it is levied.' ¤ethaim suitable for tillage: cidh fearann ineathaim, cidh fearann aneathaim, O'D. 2318 (< Rawl. B 506, fo. 32d ). dá fis in etem no na inethem, O'D. 1656 (< H 5.15, p. 22b ). icá séna no icá imdénam fo aicned ethaim no inethaim, ib. ¤etig to be refused: an lucht eirgeas a heaslainte ┐ iarras biadh ... nach ineitigh iad, 23 P 10³, 27b27 . ¤ḟedma fit for military service, capable of efficient action: ger b'óg e dob ionfedhma, ZCP ii 343.35 . bui do ḟot a foistine ... isin Róimh ... conár bó [infe]adhma fri frestal cocaidh `fit to act in the service of warfare,' CCath. 332. gach uile arm infheadhma, O'Gr. Cat. 510.36. o ro batar gan tighearna infedhma aca deis Gofradha, AFM iii 364.18 . fear mo mheallta | mé 'na aighidh ní hinfheadhma, Dán Dé xvi 13. ... chuireas iad ó bheith infheadhma ré foghnamh do dhéanamh ré Dia, TSh. 7243. caiptín infheadhma `an efficient captain,' Keat. i 66.20 . As subst. `service due to a chief' : do thabairt infheadma catha leat, CF 541. ¤ḟéineda fit to be a warrior: no ingabdaís in mac comad infeíneda é, RC v 199.8 . ¤ḟeithme capable of watching over: lucht infheithmhe m'eoil `guides for my path,' Aithd. D. 52 § 18. ¤ḟíadnaise ` capable of giving valid evidence' : ní hinḟíadnaisi acht fri cach súaill re secht mblíadna[ib] .x., Críth G. 35. secht mbliadna .x. ais intan is infiadnaise im chur ┐ im cunnrad, ┐ a oct fichit a ais intan is infiadnaise im ruthrad ┐ im ferann, O'Curry 646 (< H 3.18, p. 311 ). fer bus infiadnaise, Laws iv 10.26 Comm. ¤ḟiled (?) fit for a poet: dúa infiliu, Ériu lix 126 § 8 . ¤ḟir marriageable: inghean Éadaoine ... ón uair rob' infhir, Aithd. D. 11 § 2. bean inḟir ... ┐ na mná inḟir, IGT Decl. § 135. infhir, IGT Introd. 33.4 . infhear, 5 . See also inir. ¤ḟlatha fit for a prince: secht nairm nilatha nō ninflatha, TBC-I¹ 2551. .uiii. n-airm n-indflatha, LU 6485. fuidell innḟlatha di cid dam co ti[n]ni, RC xxii 394.2 . go ngnuis aghaidh chaoín ionfhlatha ` chief-becoming ,' AFM vi 2236.4 . ¤ḟoglada fit for an outlaw: `is inḟoglaga in chuid sin' ar Fergus `Is fīr ōn, is cuid foglada acumsa' for C., TBC-I¹ 2353. ¤ḟolaig : ní budh ionḟolaigh air féin `anything which would be fitting to hide from him,' TD 17 § 62. ¤ḟorais fit to be a cattle-pound : o croaib inforais .i. o liasaib laegh; cidh ani inforais? .i. airm in hagedar nech in [leg. ni?] oga athgabail, CIH iii 887.20 ; see inḟorais. ¤ḟorba capable of inheriting family land: athair inorba, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 150 (transltd. `father who is capable of inheriting (family land),' ZCP xxi 320.20 . is riom ro herbad a choimét comad infhorba, SG 254.2 . ní roibhi cland L. inḟorba in tan sin, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 24.y . ¤ḟuirig to be waited for, worthy to be waited for: dearbthar ... nach infuiridh reisin tart `that we should not wait for thirst,' 23 P 10³, 42b1 . fríoth fear d'óigh rer ionfhuirigh `a virgin had won a spouse worth waiting for,' Aithd. D. 60 § 44. ¤ḟulaing endurable, permissable: is infulaig iar nomaid inhuitir ` to be maintained ,' BCrólige § 58. cis n-incis o anfine, ocus cis n-infuilaing o fine `a fair rent' (? quit-rent), Laws i 158.8 Comm. an ga bulga ag Coin Chuluinn | iomarcaidh narbh ionfhuluing an insupportable advantage ?, DDána 104 § 26. l eighes d'áilliugud na mban ocus más ar son a fer fen dogentar as infulaing, O'Gr. Cat. 210.19.

¤gabála

(a) fit to be taken, (liable) to be taken: ma ruca in flaith gubreth ... is ingabala a biadh ┐ a comaitecht dhe, O'D. 519 (< H 3.17, col. 421 ). ni ingill, ni ingabāla acht gell n-ōir no airgait no umai `anzunehmen ist nur ein Unterpfand von Gold oder Silber,' ZCP xv 314 § 8. secht tigi ingabala `seven habitable houses,' Laws i 104.31 Comm. muna ana, bid innascda ingabala to be captured , MR 144.8 . [as] rádh fírinneach so, agus atá sé ionghabhála ris worthy of acceptance , 1 Timothy iv 9.

(b) Of a prayer, to be recited: mád ingabala a ecnairc etir, RC xv 487 § 4.

¤galair sick, diseased: nocho ndenunn seig teg n-oidedh do bochtaib, no comuirge do lucht ingalar isin eclais, Laws v 122 n. 3 . co n-accai in fer n-ingalair dia dochum ... ocus se scithech mertnech, IT i 126.8 (TE) araile fer ingalar ` quidam lang[u]ens ,' PH 4435. As subst. : liaig fri hingallru `a physician for the sick,' Ériu ii 210.4 . ¤garma fit to be named: gion go ngoirthí ... | roileag Éireann d'iath Ghailian | ... is iongharma, DDána 100 § 31. ¤gerta fit for manure: ic fochartad in ottraig ingerta (` tallowy ,' but Thurn., ZCP xvi 211.27 , translates `des Dünger-Mists'), MacCongl. 91.10 . ¤gill fit to be accepted as a pledge ; later worthy, excellent: ní hingill ní hingabhala acht gell oir no airgit, ... ar ní hingill ní cheana for nothing else is acceptable, O'D. 711 (< H 3.17, col. 519 ). inghill d'ḟuil Ḟeidhlim `the pledgeworthy of Féilim's blood,' TD 10 § 4. dlighe ... báidh ret ealathain inghill worthy of thy skill, DDána 90 § 15. ní hinghill ... leat meise ar mhaille gcéimeann, Aithd. D. 41 § 13. ¤gníma capable of (warlike) action: for maccu encu co mbat ingnīma fri guin duine `until they are capable of slaying a man,' Cáin Ad. § 34. fiallaigh ingnima `of a party fit for action,' Laws iii 60.6 Comm. bad romoch lind ra gabais armu daig ar bith nít ingnima-su beus, TBC-LL¹ 1164. cor ása in cú hisin ┐ corop ingníma, LU 5028. ionnas nách raibhe naonmhar inghníomha no inshiúbhail aca, ML 142.23 . ¤gnímraid capable of work: in tan ... nach ingnimruigh iat, Laws ii 46.9 Comm. ¤gotha worthy of censure, blameworthy: ní budh ionghotha d'ḟior `anything that would earn reproach for a man,' TD 22a § 57 . ní faícim gurub ingotha tú, RC xix 32.12 (Fier.). ¤íarrata `to be sought for' : gurab í urnaighthe bhíos tarbhach an urnaighthe do-ní an fíréan ar ní iniarrata, TSh. 4538. ni ḟuil ainm áoin-easlaint iniarrata `desiderandum ,' 23 K 42, 262.10 . ¤ibhe fit to drink: fuair sibh an slógh | ar dhigh d'ól nochar bh'in-ibhe `by the undrinkable draught ...,' Dán Dé xvi 25. fíon dob olc inibhe, Aithd. D. 78 § 17.

¤ícca

(a) able to pay: mac i n-ais ica aithgena ... mac inaesa insen e ┐ ní mac inica, O'Curry 557 (< H 3.18, p. 274 ).

(b) curable: mad inice .i. má innleighis é, O'D. 870 (< H 3.17, col. 623 ).

¤imbertha proper to be inflicted: robadh in-imbertha dhuit bás ar in mnaoi `it would be fitting for you to inflict death on ...,' ITS v 76.9 . ¤immarbága fit to contend with: aen ragha urrigh na hErenn ... ar agh ┐ ar fhíruaisli co narb inimarbágha nech ris, AU ii 476.25 . ¤imrama fit to row upon: túarcabsat anbtine fríu co nár bó inimrama dóib in muir, TTr.² 1940. ¤imtechta fit to set out, ready to set out ; capable of being traversed: co nábo inimthechta in magh ... la himbed na coland, 1044 . a n-arthraigibh agas a longa inimtheachta, ML 44.22 = a n-ethair urlama, ML² 648. imirce na haithrighe do bheith urlamh inimtheachta aca, TSh. 4104. ¤indraig (a wound) requiring a tent ; by transference, the person on whom such a wound has been inflicted: secht seūit cacha inindrigh, Cáin Ad. § 44. isi in deithbhir [etir] na dá ininnraidh : eirgidh ina haonar amuich ┐ amach ┐ bidh ina suide gin duine ris an ininnraidh sé sét. In ininnraidh secht sét ní bidh gin guala fri hadhart no gin duine faoí, O'D. 834 (< H 3.17, col. 595 ). telgudh fola do. Ma ri talmain na fola inindrigh crochadh in bidbadh ind, O'Curry 46 (< H 3.18, p. 17a ). in ime frisin n-inindraig `the fence [prop ?] against the bandage wound,' Ériu xii 132.25 . ¤lachta : bó i.¤ a milch-cow, a cow in milk ? : tabuir na ceithri ba so fris na sé bu déc inlachta, O'D. 246 (< H 3.17, col. 197 ). ¤láich fit for a hero, heroic: do sil Lugdach Laga inlaich, BB 232b30 . ¤láig capable of bearing a calf ? : bó innláoigh ... na ba indláoigh, IGT Decl. § 135. ¤lego curable, able to profit by the treatment of a leech: ised adbered cach liaig dīb ... nā bad beō ┐ nā bad indlego (inleghis, v.l.) itir, TBC-I¹ 2781. cach fer atdered ... ní ba hindlega, TBC-LL¹ 4280. ¤leigis curable: foclaidh liath (leg. liaig) coitchend gunat inleighis 'an impartial physician declares that he is curable', Mar. Dis. 30 § 8 . do breith gach ain budh inleighis dibh co hait a leighis, CF 974. atrubratar ... a lega friss nar indlegis itir he, LB 143a23 . is inothrais ┐ is inleigis iat, Acall. 5258. adubhradar ... nar bhó galar inleighis bai fair, O'Don. Gram. p. 274.28 (<BFerm.). ar n-othar nach indleighis, IGT Decl. ex. 1372. ¤leithscéil excusable: is ro annadh (= annamh) is inleithsgéil ainbhfhios don tsamhuil-si, Donlevy 146.9 . ¤leógain lion-like: Búrcaigh na mbeart n-inleóghain, TD 17 § 17. a dhreach inleoghain, Aithd. D. 46 § 1. ¤lesa profitable ? : nach inlesa .i. doroine a lles fadesin, O'Curry 875 (< H 3.18, p. 392b ). ? ¤lesuigthe capable of maintaining: ata soithceach inlesuighe acud (leg. acu) ┐ ni denuit in gaire `they have sufficient wealth but they do. not perform the maintenance,' Laws iii 54.23 Comm. ¤locha fit to float on a lake: gan bhád ionlocha, DDána 120 § 12. ¤lochta blame-worthy ? : inlochta fraic folach, O'Dav. 995. inlochta .i. ro airlithar foladh mna, O'Curry 464 (< H 3.18, p. 245 ). ¤lóga, ¤lúaig worthy to receive a reward: ? is lúthamail nó is ionlogha tainic an ghein ... gormrosccach ó gnlan-baistedh, Misc. Hag. Hib. 111 § 35. degh-oibre ionluaigh a bhfiadhnuisi De, Parrth. Anma 114.15 . subháilcheach ┐ dubháilcheach, ionluaigh ┐ neimhionluaigh, Desiderius 15.y. ¤maídim worthy to be boasted of (see moídem) : ní hionmhaoidhimh dhí a ndéineann, TD 26 § 51. ní barr budh ionmhaoidhimh air `it is not a superfluity which should be grudged to him,' 28 § 38. dul i n-uaigh ní hionmhaoidhimh `His burial is nothing for us to congratulate ourselves on,' Aithd. D. 59 § 11. gan aéin ceim badh ionmaoidhim re a fhaghbail, AFM vi 2120.1 . ¤mara sea-worthy, fit to go to sea: ar na fagbaitis Ecceptacda trealma ionmara ... dia ttarróchtain, Leb. Gab.(i) 198.19 . urmhor fer nErend do neoch roptar ionmara díobh `such of them as were fit to go to sea,' Cog. 136.14 . na huile longa ... co mbetis ellma [inmara], CCath. 3269. ¤mesca (capable of) intoxicating: co lennaib inmescaib, LU 9048. lestra mára co ndeglind i.¤ , RC ix 478.3 . ¤molaid worthy of praise: gan rígh 'na chomhraghain sin d'airrdhibh ionmholaidh `without peer among kings for splendid traits,' Aithd. D. 76 § 6. ¤múinte teachable (?): níor bh’ionmhuinte bior dhíbh sin, Duan. F. i 29.35 . ¤núachair marriageable: do bhí ar an ordughudh sin go mbeith io[n]nuachair di, IT ii2 111.28 . go bhfaghbha th'fhear ionnuachair, DDána 97 § 6. ar mbeith ionnuachair dhi do pósadh ré hAonghus í, Keat. ii 4909. ¤óclaig (see óclach) worthy of a warrior (of a woman, marriageable, attractive (?): of a man, manly): mása inógláigh an ben pósta curab so-grádach ó cach hí `of marriageable age,' De Contemptu 672. chonnairc hi go hog aluinn ionoghlaidh, Béaloideas xiv 223.28 . In the same text, of a man: is urusa duit fear og ionoglaidh dfaghail fit to be a warrior ?, ib. 31 . Cf. is blaith inócclach iad da méte fein ` warrior-like ' (of pygmies), Maund. § 186 ; and declined: daine maithi inóglacha, § 262. ¤óenaig fit for an assembly, festive (of attire): cloidhemh ordhuirn inaonaigh ina láimh, Anecd. i 76.11 . sreath ... | d'am[h]ruibh ionáonaigh, Ériu ix 163 § 5. ar aibídibh áilne ionaonaigh an ionnracais, TSh. 6964. go dtéid drong go teach na bainse ar a rabhadar earraidh ion-aonaigh vestis nuptialis, Eochairsg. 128.6 . ¤óla drinkable, ready to be drunk: i ngaineam thirímm cen usce ind itir bud inóla, Alex. 643 = indola, BB 494a23 . fledh aige ar na hullmugadh | ... do bi an taim-sin ionola, ZCP ii 344.2 . ¤othrais curable, able to benefit from medical treatment: dech let in ba hinothrais iat nó in ba hinleighis, Acall. 5256. is inothrais ┐ is inleigis iat mád maith mo luag leighis-sea, 5258 . ¤pháirte capable of making an alliance: ceadh 'ma badh ionpháirte inn | is fear mh' iomcháinte ar th' uillinn, DDána 101 § 20. ¤phósta capable of marrying: ní fuilim inposta aniugh, uair atá aingcis tromgalair ar mbualadh orum, ZCP vi 63.1 . ¤radairc visible: don ḟirmamhaint do-ní neimh | nach inradhairc í d'ḟáidhibh, IGT Decl. ex. 657. ¤ráid, ¤ráda fit to be mentioned, proper to be said, noteworthy: cearc Bhoirche ... | gér chúis iomráidh a hainm sin | ní gairm ionráidh mar aisgidh, Studies 1921, 257 § 3 . an té [as] ainm nach ionráidh (of Satan), A. Ó Dálaigh xlviii 4. is ria as ionrádha airdrí, DDána 55 § 9. an focal budh fhearr ionrádha, PBocht 6 § 34. ní lóir-ghníomh is ionráidh ris, acht lórfhulang, TSh. 4912. urnaighthe as ionráidh le togbhail an chuirp naomhtha, Parrth. Anma 328.3 . ¤ráith ` capable of undertaking suretyship': húare ... nád n-inráith friu ... ar lagait a ḟolaid, Críth G. 130. ni hinaitire ┐ ni hinraith, O'Curry 509 (< H 3.18, p. 258 ). sai inraith etym. gl. on sruith, O'D. 1552 (< H 5.15, p. 1a ). ¤retha fit to run: go dtig ... nach bí inreatha i rian na haithrighe, TSh. 10442. ¤ríg kingly, fit for a king: gémad innrígh a oinech, Acall. 222. ni hinríogh an té thoghas `not kingly is he who resolves thus,' TD 20 § 3. As adv.: is inrigh doronadh in fobairt sin, CCath. 3514. ¤ríge fit for kingship, eligible for kingship: ní táinic Tórna ... co Temraig ... corbo inríge in mac, SG 327.12 . nirb' inrighae Nuadoo iar mbeim a laime de, RC xii 60 § 14. ¤ríme worthy to be calculated: corradh mór ar thrí mhíle | ríomhthar tria réim inrímhe `are counted in the worthy records,' Content. xv 70. ¤ronna fit to be divided: eighriocht í nach ionronna `an inheritance unfit for division,' TD 24 § 38. ¤rúin fit to be trusted: ionrúin mé, ní misde dhuid `I am worthy of trust, thou art in no danger,' 40 § 8 . duine éadmhar ní hionrúin, Dánta Gr. 39.4 . ¤scene like a knife ?: insgeine, insgean, IGT Introd. p. 33 , 25 - 26 . ¤scuir fit for separating, to be separated: faithe inscuir a plain fit for unyoking horses ?, Laws ii 116.14 Comm. faithcle insguir inuithir `a green of separation for the sick,' 12.19 . daoibh ót uabhar dob' ionsguir you must part with your pride, DDána 56 § 13. ¤sgagaid fit to be strained ?: do thionnsgnaduir cradh dá chionn | sul rabh lionn insgaguidh ann, IGT Decl. ex. 1279. ¤shelga capable of hunting: ro forbair in mac ... cur ba hinselga e, RC v 199.9 . ¤shíl suitable for seed ?, favourable to growth ?: drúcht inshíl an fhóid iodhain, Aithd. D. 7 § 39. ¤shítha worthy of peace, able to be reconciled: o nach insitha m'oti-si ┐ Ruaidri reroili, Ann. Conn. 1315 § 8. dá [n-infhíocha] Dia gach duine | cia as inshíotha acht Muire amháin `who merits peace ... ?,' Dán Dé x 31. ¤shiubail able to walk: eirigh-si ... co Ráith Deiscirt ... oir ní inṡiubhail mhisi, Imr. Brain 66.26 . anaitt athaidh and sin ag Conall nō gurbhó hinsiubal é (C. had been wounded), ZCP xiv 252.16 . da bris craidhi na heigsi ... co nach insibail `cannot progress,' AU ii 488.11 . ro bai manach dibh ┐ galar cos fair ┐ docuaidh i ccosaibh in righ, ┐ ba hinsiubail siumh fein, BNnÉ 298 § 38. ¤shlúagaid able to fight, fit for military service: gach nech dob innsluagad (leg. -aid ?) dá raibh isin tír, ALC ii 244.2 . do rala teidhm tinneasa ┐ gabhadh ger eassláinte dó ... co nár bo hiontsluaighidh an tan sin hé, AFM vi 2234.9 . ní hionshluaghaidh séad mar sain `not to be carried on hosting' (of a drinking cup), Aithd. D. 9 § 16. ¤shluind significant, worth mentioning: insluind cach ran `mentionable is every splendid one,' O'Dav. 1350. ¤shnadma fit to be bound: síoth gémadh ionṡnadhma ann `even though it be possible to make peace about it,' TD 23 § 1. ¤shnáma fit for swimming in: ní dligther snámh do mhúnadh dhóibh muna raibhe uisce inshnamhadh a comhfochruibe dia n-aitibh, Laws ii 156.10 Comm. uisci inshnámha ..., 158.4 Comm. ¤shóid able to bring happiness or good fortune: terc nach inshóidh do'n fhedhain `a scant one of the force but is adapted to secure a good event,' O'Gr. Cat. 502.19. ¤shómpla fit to be an example: an úaimh re mbí ad bharánta | sí ar n-úair as ionshómpla, IGT Decl. ex. 124. ¤tachair capable of engaging in combat with: terc aonfer a intachair, Caithr. Thoirdh. 131.24 . ¤tadaill able to come: ní deoraidh mise i Manainn | mé eiste ní hiontadhaill, Aithd. D. 23 § 1. ¤táeba, ¤táebaid, ¤táib worthy of trust: ní hintaebha na daine coimhigche, ZCP vi 289.z . tiocfaid na síona saobha | nach budh haimsear iontaobha, PBocht 25 § 7. ní hiontaobhaidh glóir Gaoidheal (: mbliochtchraobhaigh), DDána 118 § 26. an dream do-bheir faill 'na gcáirdibh ... nach iontaobha iad, TSh. 4624. rún truagh ó nar bh'iontaoibh iad `dread was their purpose, making them dangerous,' Aithd. D. 97 § 24. ¤taisfenta worthy to be expounded: in neoch ba hintaisfenta leis (of knowledge), O'Curry 896 (< H 3.18, p. 399 ). ¤techta, ¤tochta capable of going, to be gone, (fit) to be traversed: bid indtechta tria críathar n-átha bar mbrúar, BDD² 1294. bá intechta a himmelchrícaib in domain dia taidbriud, LL 234b13 . masadt idan-su ... is amlaid is intochta daid isin log, BB 496b32 . is relta inchoisc eolais moir ... Is intochta le we must go with it, Aen. 605. ní ba hintechta ... ar terci usci, BB 496b9 . ¤tinn capable of severity ?, capable of giving battle ? (see 2 tend): nochan in-tinn mé rem mian | dom inntinn is sé do sdiúr `I am not vigorous,' Dán Dé xxiii 31. ¤tnúith able to emulate, to be desired, worthy to be loved: ní bhíodh ag sgaoileadh an sgrioptúir | aoinfhear dhíobh rer bh'ionntnúidh é `aonduine do féadfaí do chur i gcomparáid leis,' DDána 59 § 21. móid re t'oireacht ní hiontnúith `nobody desires to conspire against your people,' RC xlix 173 § 29. [dál] an scrioptúir ó Dhia dhún | cia nach iontnúidh res an eol who does not desire knowledge ?, DDána 3 § 2. do ghlór an sgrioptúir an sgéal | mór as iontnúidh a n-aibéar `pleasant is the tale,' Dán Dé v 22. Moire as iontnúidh d'fhior `Mary who deserves man's love,' A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 3. ¤toga acceptable: duan molta intoga ic Dia, Lib. Hymn. i 193.6 . permissable ?: do b'iontogha olc na bhfear | um ghort lionntana Laighean `do b'fhiu an tír sin gach rud dar fhuilngeadar ar a son,' DDána 117 § 5. ¤toidechta, ¤taidechta worth coming: gurb intoidechta d'ḟeraib Erenn ... fo dhaighin ... fogluma it was worth their coming to learn, MR 266.z . rop intaidhechta ... do shluagh Fodhla, 312.13 . ¤toile desirable: na nógánachaibh iontoile, Ezekiel xxiii 12. ¤tomais able to weigh: ní h-in-tómais an mead `the scales is not fit for measuring,' De Contemptu 1267. ¤troda fit to contend: iar na tuiccsin dó na baoí introda frisan ngasraidh ..., AFM vi 2078.20 . ¤túir worthy to be sought after: sgéal é ónab iontúir neamh a tale which shows heaven to be worth seeking after, DDána 37 § 5. ¤turuis fit for a journey: ní bhíd ionturuis ré triall i raon na haithrighe go neamh, TSh. 9385.

(b): ¤accartha to be sued for: cella oc na hinagurta d'oirchinnechaib eneclunn ┐ ce agruit, nocho dir, Laws v 128 n. 1 . ¤áigthe to be feared: in cath cruadh inaigte, CCath. 3623. ¤áirimthe fit to be reckoned, considerable: anté ... léiges de aithfrend nó cuid bhús ionáirimthe d'aithfreann déisdeacht lá saoire ..., Ó Héodhusa 162.3. ¤anta to be waited: gearr dá éis budh ionanta `not long may I abide after him,' Studies 1924, 87 § 14 . ¤attrebtha later ¤áittreibthe habitable: mád ind Assia bec nirbó inatrebtha ule ... la drochthuth na fola, TTr.² 1047. annsa chuid ionáitreibhthe da thalamh, Proverbs viii 31. ¤beite proper to be: ní hinbheithte dá ghruaidh ghloin | 'na aon i n-aghaidh phobuil, DDána 75 § 16. ¤benta (di) to be taken: inbheanta dhíom a ndlighthior `I must make those amends,' Aithd. D. 34 § 4. ¤brethnaigthe to be considered: as iad so na halluis as inbreathnuighthe do theacht chum slainte sudores saluberrimi censentur, 23 K 42, 197 .z. atáid neithe examhla inbhreathnuighthe isin bfual, 134.7 . ¤buailte able to fight: dá mbeith féin ionbhuailte ré Bhrian, Keat. iii 3987. ¤cháinte to be disparaged: ní hioncháinte an chrích co huilidhe ar a son, i 58.53 . ¤chairigthe to be censured: fil secht n-innerghe ... incáirighte, Laws iii 64.24 Comm. ¤chathaigthe fit to give battle: ro fhás a mbrigh ... gurbh ionchathaighthe gach aoin fhear, Cog. 216.15 . nocha n-ionchaighthe (leg. ionchathaighthe) sinne ar ndís, thusa ┐ do dhá láimh agad ┐ misi ar lethláimh, Comp. CC 131.26 . ¤chertaigthe to be corrected: cidhbé certaíghes é féin ní fuil sé incertaighthe o neoch eile gl. qui seipsum corrigit non est corrigendus, O'D. 847 (< H 3.17, col. 603 ). ¤chintaigthe blameworthy: as inchiontuighthe an tí do ní iad so dá dheoin féin gan riachtanus ... dá choimhéigniughadh, Desiderius 2606 . ¤choiscthe to be checked: tuig da d[t]isi ... a tosach na haicsisi nach incoisge (leg. incoisgthe ?) hi (of vomiting), 23 P 10³, 14b19 . ¤chomardaigthe equally to be esteemed ?: ar mhírbhuilibh inchomhardhaighthe eile `other worthy miracles,' O'Gr. Cat. 36 § 15. ¤chométa to be observed, to be kept: is iad ... riaghlacha is ionchoiméadta re scríobhadh stáire, Keat. i 56.28 . an ród díreach is ionchoimhéadta ré triall ar neamh, TSh. p. 304. ¤chommesta to be compared: ni hionchoimhmeasta ría íad, Proverbs viii 11. ¤chreite credible, trustworthy: ní hinchreti d'ánradaib sretha siabairthi ... saeb-forcetail na sean-druad, MR 190.2 . ní cosmhail go madh inchreidte ó leabhraibh nó ó eólchaib, ML 28.22 . ma's increitti da gheinemhain as increitti da bas ┐ da eiseirghi, ITS xix 58.21 . ní fhuil ... fiadhnaise inchreidte ar na neithibh seo againn, Keat. i 10.39 . credendum est `is inchreitte,' TSh. 4971. ¤chúartaigthe to be visited: an chathair ionchúartuighthe, Jeremiah vi 6. ¤chuirthe to be put: as ionchuirthe a n-ionguntas it is to be wondered at, BNnÉ 156.10 . ¤chumannta ?: ni roibhi ... Eirristinech incumannta nach roibhi aran aensluagh-sin ` capable of fighting ,' ZCP vi 61.5 . ¤damnaigthe to be condemned: go bhfuil obair na bhfiren iondamnaighte, Luc. Fid. 309.7 . ¤dénta to be done, fit to be done: doberait-sium aithis do Dia oc ainmniugud a ball for leith, mar nach indénta as ought not to be done, PH 7326. don túaruscbail fúarusa ... aran tír so ní hindénta comnaidhi innti `it is not fit to be inhabited,' Maund. 114. ro fiarfaigh ... crét do badh indénta frisan mac, BNnÉ 40.7 . is eadh budh indéanta dona daoinibh, iad féin d'ollmhughadh, TSh. 2651. as iondéunta gan féoil d'ithe na fíon d'ibhe, Romans xiv 21. ¤dergaigthe fit for the spreading of a couch in: ba he dlús a n-iomaircc gomadh indherghoighthe do rígh nó do rioghoin ar lár an atha da n-éis, ZCP x 293.y . imdaid indluigthe indergithi do ríg nó rígain, Manners and Customs iii 450.5 . ¤diommolta to be blamed: an tí chuireas cruinniughadh ... air (viz. on riches) ... atá indiommolta go mór, TSh. 10055. ¤diubraicthe fit to be cast, capable of being cast: cia aes in mac in aired is ainm do ... giall ... mac bundsaidi indside mac da n-inddenma, no da n-indiubraici bundsach e insen, O'Curry 559 (< H 3.18, p. 277 ). an tan batar a n-iodhnadha áigh urlamh indiubraicthe, AFM iv 1214.17 . ¤dlomtha proclaimable : rom dlomsat nīrb indlomhthai 'they gave notice to me, it should not have been done', Ériu lix 126 § 8 ​. ¤dóertha (or perhaps under (a) fit to be enslaved: rodairait cach oen rob indairtha, Cog. 80.4 . ¤dolta to be gone: nīrb iondolta ann (of Hell), ZCP xii 381.26 . nírbh iondolta don ród ríogh `we should not have left the royal road,' Aithd. D. 84 § 30. ¤ecclaigthe to be feared: is ineagluighthe dhuit guais na slighe atá romhat, TSh. 7760. ... is ionghuighthi dona hainglibh ┐ is in-eagluighthi dona tighearnaibh, ITS xxix 177.19 . Compar. ní ... is ineagluighthe ioná an bás, TSh. 1058. ¤ḟaomtha to be consented to: do fhaomh é is nír ionfhaomhtha `he gave his consent—it should never have been given,' Aithd. D. 94 § 5. ¤ḟéchta worthy to be looked at: ní hé gurb infhéachta ar ndreach, Dánta Gr. 16.7 . ¤ḟiafraigthe to be asked: as infhiafraighthi annso cred fár ..., ITS xix 80.13 . ¤gabtha to be accepted, acceptable: ni hingill ni hingabtha acht geall oir no airgid, O'Curry 723 (< H 3.18, p. 347 ). gach ród nach iongabhtha d'fhior to be taken , Dán Dé vi 2. go bhfuil an fhaoisidin ionghabhtha éigeantach, O'Gr. Cat. 39.4. ní hiongabhtha arán na heagna bréige uatha do bhríogh laibhín Lúitéir, TSh. 8980. gach nidh ... do bheith ionghabhtha do láthair Dé acceptable , Eochairsg. 53.23 . níor bh'ionghabhtha a theist ar Éireannchaibh, Keat. i 36.93 . ¤gerrtha: gl. lacerandum, Gild. Lor. n. 17. ¤glactha acceptable: aithnighid puisínigh an fíréin créd is ionghlactha `the lips of the righteous know what is acceptable,' Proverbs x 32. 's go mbiadh mo bhóta inghlactha, Hard. i 28.13 . ionghlachta i láthair Dé, De Imit. 77.6 . an aimsir as ionglactha dochum na faoisidne, Parrth. Anma 339.17 . ? ¤glúaiste requiring to be removed ?: co ras-tisad eicen adbul ingluaisti chuci ` irremovable ,' TTr. 970. ionghluaiste moveable , O'R. ¤goirthe to be called: do ghníomh féin as ionghoirthe dhe it is to be called your own deed, Mac Aingil 302.6 . ¤guidthe to be invoked: atá an Ógh Bheandaighthi so iniarrata roimh gach uile dhuine, agus atá si inghuighthi amhail righain ... flaitheamhnais Dhia, ITS xxix 206.12 . is se in ceand sin is ionghuighthi dona hainglibh, ┐ is ineagluighthi dona tighearnaibh, 177.18 . ¤íarrtha to be sought for: a shamhail sin is iniarrtha ré guidhe talis requirendus est ad orandum, TSh. 4541. ¤imbertha to be inflicted: robadh in-imbertha dhuit bás ar in mnaoi `you would have to put to death the wife ...,' ITS v 76.9 . ¤ite edible: biadh tirm inithte, Eochairsg. 69.5 . cnúas comh-abaidh ... inite `ripe edible nuts' (innte, inithche, v.ll.), BNnÉ 239 § 170. ¤labartha to be spoken: is innlabartha do na leighesaibh, O'Gr. Cat. 175.x . ¤laigthe fit for lying on: cuireatar an abhand as a hait ... cur bo hionadh iondlaicthi (ionluice, v.l.) do rignaibh et do ro-mhnaibh for lár an átha, TBC-LL¹ p. 547 n. 5 (Stowe). ¤légtha legible: gan aoínleabhar dhíobh do bheith inléaghtha do neach, Keat. iii 1694. ¤léicthe to be let, to be loosed: neart Gall ... | ní hinléigthe ar Eoghanchaibh, DDána 74 § 34. ... nach inlicti in cuisle don otar `the patient should not be bled,' Rosa Angl. 30.14 . ¤lenta to be followed, to be pursued: clann Osnaidhe as inlenta O.'s children can be traced, ZCP xiii 18 § 6. ní ní is inleanta a ndubhart what I said ought not to be followed up (in sense of proceeded against, avenged) ii 356.13 . cóir 'na fhuil gérbh inleanta `though He had to avenge His blood,' Aithd. D. 65 § 26. ní hinleanta air `there is no need to continue,' TD 13 § 42. an réim ... is innleanta san aithrighe, Eochairsg. 84.11 . an ród díreach is inleanta ar lorg Críost, TSh. 8049. ¤lúaidte worthy to be mentioned: ni hion-luaidhte deilbh bhan an domhain ag féachain deilbh na hinghine sin, ITS i 64.2 . ¤maínigthe (worthy) to be treasured ?: inmain .i. inmāinight[h]e é, Corm. Y 762. ¤marbtha fit to be killed: gach aon rob ionmharbtha (inéchta, text) ann, Cog. 80 n. 3 . co tuc[sam] fo gin gae ┐ claidim gach aen rob inmarbtha inti, Aen. 13. nír bo hionmarbhtha sidhe idir ge ro baoi tuilleadh ar chéd bliadhain d'aoís `whom it was not becoming to have killed,' AFM v 1734.13 . ¤mescaigthe capable of intoxicating: ba somblas a linn, ba inmescaigthe, Irish Texts i 3 § 8 (MS inmescaiḡ, Bethu Brigte 41 n. 56 ). ¤mesta to be compared, to be thought likely, conceivable: or ba hinmeasta a n-esbada gus in Mairt miscnig ... `not considerable' (capable of being compared ?), MR 110.16 . an tí thréigfeas é féin mar cheannach ar Chríost, nach inmheasta go dtréigfidhear Críost leis ..., TSh. 8007. is inmeasta sin as an sgéal léaghthar, 5205 . ní hinmheasta an tí do bhí isna cumhachtaibh seo do bheith fa chíoscháin ag an rígh Artúr, Keat. i 14.38 . is inmheasda dhúinn go bhfuil Dia fírcheart `we ought to consider,' Donlevy 374.1 . cionnas is inmheasda dhó go mbiaid a shearbhfhóghantuighe díleas dhó `how can he expect ...,' 478.25 . ¤moídte worth boasting of: ó'n Saoirbrethach do Domnall gin gurab inmháiti, O'Gr. Cat. 128.22 (scribal note on Eg. 88). ní hinmhaoidhte i n-Inis Luighdheach | ... caoi do dhéanamh, DDána 110 § 17. ¤molta praiseworthy, commendable, requiring to be praised: atait se coingill chum na fiadhnaise do beth inmolta, O'D. 849 (< H 3.17, col. 603 ). na mol munab inmolta nech, Ériu v 126 § 2 . a naemtecht foirbthe ┐ a mbethaid inmolta, Lism. L. Pref. xxii 23. a thionnlaicthe luatha ... is uaisle as ionmholta dhúin, Aithd. D. 58 § 8. ¤múinte capable of being taught: chomhluath agus bhíd ionmhúinte (of children), Donlevy Pref. xxi 11. ¤nochta to be revealed: ní hionnochta dhúinne dhíobh | rúine ionganta an airdríogh, PBocht 11 § 25. ¤obtha to be refused: lámh as truime tabharta | grádh uirre nírbh' ionobtha, 19 § 2. ¤ráite to be said, capable of being said: ? ní fuil ... aenlaech damad indraithi go toitfedh C.C. leis, ZCP x 303.25 . cá ham is ionráidte Amen, Donlevy 430.23 . ¤reactha ?: a fhearg uadh ní hinreactha `should not be proclaimed too much,' Aithd. D. 65 § 26. ¤ríartha to be subdued or disciplined: gell n-ungi tra do maigin ir-rér fir a diri mad inriart[h]ae imbie (of one who violates the Cáin Domnaig), Anecd. iii 23.11 . ¤ríata capable of being travelled: tromcheó ... connarb inríata dó in chonar, LU 8512. ¤rígtha fit to be made king: cet fer n-armach n-innrightha, TBC-LL¹ p. 197 n. 4 . mac óc nach inrígtha ara óice, SG 50.29 . ¤shechanta ( ¤tsechanta) to be avoided: bud inshechanta dona mnaib nó dona feruib le budh ail a n-óghacht do coimhed, caidriub a céli 'sa saeghal-sa, BCC 106.y . o gehennalis regio fugienda ... ó a fhlaithis intseachanta ifrinn, TSh. 6594. is intseachanta air an drong ... `it should be avoided by those ...,' Rosa Angl. 60.1 . ¤shuite `fit to be dwelt in': ré déanamh áruis na hanma ionshuidhte dhó féin, TSh. 8766. ¤smuaintigthe to be considered: atait tri neithi is insmuaintighthi, Mackinnon Cat. 59.23 . ¤tabartha to be given: nocha n-intaburta som[aine] don o[irchindech], Laws v 128 n 2 . is annsan aicid so doreir Galenus nach intabairt (v.l. intabartha, which read) leiges ..., RC xlix 17.z . ¤tsamluigthe capable of being compared: as na briathraibh se is iontuigthe gurab iontsamhluighthe na peacaidh ┐ na prímh-fhiabhrais re chéile, TSh. 7888. ¤tóebtha (worthy) to be trusted: cia is iontaobhtha d'fearaibh Breagh | díomsa dá ndeachadh Fínghean, Ir. Review 1913, 625 § 19 . an tan do fhásfadh lonn laoich Luighdheach ... nar bh'iontaobhtha do neach é, Keat. ii 4530. ¤trécthe to be avoided: ni hed as inntrecthi in peccad ann (viz. on Sunday), PH 7362. ¤tuctha to be brought, to be given, to be applied or ascribed: atá ní oile san ghníomh so is iontugtha dhúinn dár n-aire, TSh. 2459. an teagasg dob' ionntugtha don oide faoisidine dhó to be given to him by the confessor, Eochairsg. 84.37 . ní hiontugtha anfhlaith air the term tyrant is not to be applied to him, Keat. iii 4149. dobheirid caoga bliadhan do fhlaitheas do Ch. gidheadh ní hiontugtha dhó acht tríocha, i 84.39 . an duine do-bheir an raed is intuctha agus chonnmhas an raed nach indtuctha, is e sin an duine fial, ITS xxix 147.31 - 2 . ¤tuicthe to be understood: as na briathraibh se is iontuigthe gurab iontsamhluighthe na peacaidh ┐ na prímh-fhiabhrais ré chéile, TSh. 7888. is iontuigthe dhuitsi ... nach rabhassa ion-fheadhma ris an aimsir so a bhfuilim ag coimhéad na leapa, Maguires of F. § 56.

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