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cairnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cairnech or dil.ie/7934

 

(corann)

adj (a) o, ā tonsured : munbo c.¤ in craidhe (i.e. as well as the head), ZCP vi 268.12 . See íascaire.

(b) As subst. cleric, priest : ní ḟacadar ríamh cairneach . . . ach[t] an cléirech út, Imr. Brain 65.6 . da cháirneach `two priests', Tribes of Irel. 50.7 . fá theorainn na gcóirneach ndealbh, Ó Bruad. i 150.7 . don choirneach (cháirneach, v.l.) `the clerk', ii 208.6 .

As n.pr. C.¤ cóir, Laws i 4.10 . an C.¤ Riabhach Mhag Flannchadha, AFM iii 200.4 = ALC i 262.14 .

clannaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clannaid or dil.ie/9368

 

v (clann)

(a) plants, sows : clandaim gl. obsero, Sg. 146b8 . clandaim gl. obseris, Thes. ii 228.33 ( PCr. 60b3 ). rob clandad `ye have been planted' gl. radicati [estis], Wb. 21d6 . amal bid claind no clantis air is sonairt atreba ní clantar `as though they had planted a plant, for what is planted dwells firmly', Ml. 63b9 . roclann Pátraic [aball] i nAchad inna Elti, Trip. 232.18 . acht ni ro clanda a lam fadesin . . . .i. acht in ni ro saidestar a lam bodein, Laws v 500.13 . ani clannus a lam fein . . . itir ubla ┐ arbur, 502.13 Comm. clandaid fedha isna muighib cor'bad caillte, RC ix 16 § 4 . dobiur lim cóer ndeirg co nusroclandus i llubgort, Ériu iv 134.4 .

(b) Of begetting of children: clanais . . . Sarran Babona co ro tuismeadh leó .u. meic, Todd Nenn. 180.3 . Adam. Seth . . . / Eua Olla . . . / ro chlandsat claind, LL 16457 .

(c) Of a weapon etc. plunges (in), thrusts (in): doticsa a delg asa brut ┐ clandti inda gruaid `drives it into her cheek', Mon. Tall. 150.27 . co c.¤ . . . a gae . . . ind, Rawl. 82a36 . uair ro clannustar an ccraoisigh . . . tria na sliasait, Leb. Gab.(i) 226.15 . nos-clanna in sciain ind, Fing. R. 327 . gor clannsat a n-airm . . . ina torc ( torc .i. craidhe , ZCP v 494 ), ACL iii 311.6 (B. na f.). co clandaind in cloidem-sa trit chride, MR 42.13 . By extension of the wound itself: i comcisi[n] aisli i clanntar crecht `in which the hurt is planted', Bretha 30 . Cf. O'Dav. 90 .

(d) Very freq. of driving in, fixing stakes, houseposts, setting up grave-stones, etc.: co clandad leo in ime, Laws iv 140.z Comm. corthe no chlantais in tan bad maidm n-imairic. car[n]d im̅ fochertitís in tan bad n-orgain, LU 7031 ( BDD 67 ). co ro clantar mo lia ┐ co ro hagthar m'oenach ṅgubae, Rawl. 130b28 . cepp i clandta do indeuin `a block where thine anvil might be planted', Mon. Tall. 134.7 . clannais liic and sin i talmain, LL 22276 . fail sund gabuil . . . / . . . / giá lin ros cland i talmain, TBC-LL¹ 730 . cor chland cleatha and (as a sign of taking possession), Ériu xvi 66.82 . airm a clannfai[de] a lecht, Dinds. 6 . roclandad . . . pupall Domnaill, Ériu v 236.81 . roclann C. an cétcleath i Clúain. Atbert C. . . . ic sádhudh na clethi, Lism. L. 4379 . Dia romc[h]lann i cceirt gan chonn `thrust me in rags', BS 40.12 . Hence, buries: i ṅAchud cháin clantair / Nathí, Fél. Aug. 9 . clanntair .i. adnaicther, O'Dav. 453 (citing prec.). an té i dTráigh Lí is clannta, Ó Bruad. iii 204.13 . ? Cf. also: fer clandas cuithigh i tír a chéili `that digs a pitfall', O'Dav. 472 , but perh. read claides. See 1 claidid.

(e) Hence also, settles, establishes (oneself) (trans. and intrans.): is tre ḟīr flaitheman cech comarba cona chlí inna caīnorba clannus, ZCP xi 92 § 16 . i flaith Chríst ro clandad / ochtmoga cáin ciṅged, Fél. Feb. 14 . Hūi Gabla Roīrenn . . . co clantais co Āth Lethnocht so that they used to settle as far as A.L.? Corp. Gen. 34.28 . gabais Cobthach cīaso chīan / clandais slūago, ZCP xi 108 § 4 ( LL 7357 ). caidhe a lín for sét īar sain / dia rochlann i mBretanchaib?, xiii 3 § 5 . crich for clandsad a chuiri, BB 36b27 . ? clandtar cirb' airligther cath conceard tuindi im morthír toirtheach, 40a54 .

(f) Fig. establishes, settles (of laws, institutions etc.); implants: cid clannas aile? Noil ┐ iuail `what settles the stake? An oath and prescription', Laws iv 142.1 Comm. mad senaigter cise noail no clanna? `if it be denied, by what oath shall it be settled?' 3 Comm. clandad dliged, Tec. Corm. § 2.11 . ní inna n-aicniud ro chlannad molad Dé, Lib. Hymn. i 71 n.37 . manab dib cumachta clanntar, Leb. Gab.(i) 254.6 . eneclann, arindī clantar i n-inc[h]aib duine, Corm. Y 531 . ? for i ni clanntar don oigh ina henech, in eneclann, Laws i 228.29 Comm. (`what is due to the virgin for her honor'). inī clannus i n-inchaib dib so uili, 120.30 Comm. (`which is levied for the protection of . . . '). Plummer, MS. notes, suggests `arises, proceeds from, accrues'. do Ḟergal / clandad chomram, LL 23438 (`who established glory', Arch. Hib. ii 51 § 12 ).

clód

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clód or dil.ie/9562

 

Forms: cloüd, C., cla(o)í, cla(o)íd, cla(o)íde, claoidheamh, claíte, cla(o)idte, clódh, cládh

n u, [m.]. Earlier cloüd. C.¤ is vn. of cloïd. See also Blathm. 961 note . Later forms very variable: cla(o)í, cla(o)íd, cla(o)íde, claoidheamh. g s. claíte, cla(o)idte. clódh cládh, IGT Verbs § 42 . Cf. also: do chló cóir do chomhardadh ris féin ón chlódh agus ón chluinsin, Bard. Synt. Tr. 34.8 .

(a) act of turning (back, aside), returning, retreating: drong cen clod o chrabad, Gorm. Dec. 3 . cen gae, cen scíath, cloithi bann that turned aside feats(?), SR 5863 . in sét daberar ar clodh i tar `the sét that is given for stooping into baseness', Coibnes § 7 gl. 7 (gl. sé[oi]t turchlaithe the price of submission). gearr bhíos an chumha so ag c.¤ `soon does this grief return', Studies 1924, 88 § 25 . smuain gan do chlódh choidhche ar gcúl, DDána 42.24 . ag clódh urchradh na hÉireann averting the ruin of Ireland, 85.20 . na mná don chonair do chlódh `put aside from their path', Aithd. D. 95.29 . la homun na toirthedh do clod forculu, Marco P. 65 . forchongraim foruibh clódh forcula on tsaeibhdliged fora taithe, 24 . do forconngair in teglach forsin righ clod doridhisi co ca[traig] Cumaloit, Grail 474 . clodh tara n-ais, 1202 . do mhúchadh . . . lochta foghluighthe a dhúthaighe, dá gclódh ó chlaonadh . . . a reachta, TSh. 6782 . go ro fhuráilset forra . . . , clódh ina fritheing, AFM i 514.3 . clódh a ratha `the reversing of his fortune' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 2131 . In phr. c.¤ na baise a turn of the hand(?), a clap(?): gearr bhus lón loise an domhain / clódh na boise a baromhail `the turning of a hand', Dán Dé xxii 9 . téid mar chlódh na boise an bioth, xxxi 23 . dá égcaoine . . . / iomdha banntrocht is bandáil / lé clódh beó-chroidhe bos `with sorrowful beating of hands', Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 18 § 29 . Of a weapon, act of turning the edge, blunting(?): ri tulguba na scíath ica scoltud ┐ ri glondbeimnig na claidib icá c.¤ , LL 31478 .

Fig. (b) act of converting : guidhfidh co dichra faa clodhsum forcula, Marco P. 1 . do ghabh Muire Magh-da-léana / leat, a Dhé — gár dheacra ar gclódh?, DDána 30.22 . act of translating : in leabhor do clodh forcula o thengaidh na Tartairedh cusin tengaidh laitianda, Marco P. 1 . act of perverting, subverting, leading astray : ar clodh ceilli fa clemhnus, Prolegomena 50 § 15b . craosól ag clódh a gcéille, Measgra D. 55.27 . do bhí do chlódh ar a céill `so affected her mind', Aithd. D. 100.21 . clódh fuarchóra, 60.13 .

(c) act of changing, exchanging : cath cloita denn, Blathm. 241 . Ísu . . . íar clóud báis i n-eseirgiu, Trip.² 666 . dognīatt . . . c.¤ dā clogc . . . diaraile `make an exchange of their two bells', BColm. 92.19 . cidh ima ndenae in clogh croth asin . . . ?, ZCP x 298.5 . na dūili . . . do dhelugud re na cumachtaib náema ┐ a n-aigned do chló `their nature will change', RC xxviii 312 § 12 . ag clódh ó fhine Eadhra / cridhe mór ar mhímheanma `the great courage of Í Eadhra was changed to despair', Aithd. D. 37.39 . clódh gné áille, IGT Decl. ex. 756 . clódh a dealbha, O'Hara 3242 . clódh .i. ionntodh, claochlodh, O'Cl.

(d) Various: c.¤ fri act of turning to, cleaving to(?): mé ag clódh risin gcéidchion `as I incline to my old sin', PBocht 4.15 . bador beoil na ccneth ag claoi a cheile, ZCP x 292.9 (? leg. ag claoi re . . . ). In phr. cen ch.¤: a cír a criol cen ch.¤ `unsurpassed', Metr. Dinds. iii 464.59 . cor ḟuacratar cath can chlód / for Morc without retreat(?), LL 29014 . Cerball can ch.¤ unconquered(?), 4308 . ro chlaidsead crandcar gan clodh forind aes dana ndímor, BB 42b24 . gan c.¤ gan cumscugad re cheli, MR 240.21 . bhāmur ann ar n-ollamhnaibh / gan chlódh do dhuine ar domhan, KMMisc. 56 § 6 . a cneas mar chuip, / nó mar shneachta cnuic gan clódh, Dánta Gr. 5.34 .

(e) act of overthrowing, vanquishing, subduing : do chloud tra in dligid sin `to overthrow that view', Ml. 56b16 . sab cáid clóithe pillar of conquest, Fél. Dec. 14 . cloud diabul, Mon. Tall. 148.5 . robo cloch . . . cloithi cach uilc Colum Cille, LU 924 - 25 (ACC Comm.). hisin chath clūite flaithe, ZCP viii 118 § 20 . in t-oenchrand ni hassu a ch.¤, / meni fagba a rithadód (see suggestion s.v. frithadód), TBC-LL¹ 2349 ( LL 9436 ). ri cath ri c.¤ , LL 1883 . gan chlaoidhe i gcath, SG 16.2 . cura fedat a clod ut inimicos ualeant prosternere, Gild. Lor. gl. 44 . cluithe . . . / creacha, as marbhtha, as madhmanna, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 162.169 . beart chloithe ar Éirinn ég ríogh, Ériu viii 83.68 . imdha sgol cnaeite ó chumhaidh / ar son claeite Conchubhair, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 378.z . tucc in Dearg do chlaoídhe Guill / na hairm nimhe, Duan. F. ii 314 § 59 . [Bibus] do marbadh ┐ comurtha a claiti do thabairt cuici `proof of his murder', ZCP vi 277.15 . gan chlaoi ó Ghalluibh, LBranach 3861 . Sadhbh is Art Aoinfhear échtach / dá ríghin caibhdhean do chlódh, 3291 . daoirse chlóidh `ruinous slavery', Aithd. D. 35.5 . mo dheala ┐ Rí na ríogh / ná tí dhíom cheana do chlódh `may I not fail to heal my breach with the Lord', Dán Dé xxvii 34 . do bhíodar dh'á g-claoidheamh go fann, Oss. iv 276.22 . atá [bhur bhfearann] na fhásach ar na chláoidh lé coimhightheachaibh `overthrown by', Isaiah i 7 . Cf. also: a ógh . . . / nar ghabh clódh óghachta ó fhior, A. Ó Dálaigh xiv 10 . Hence, act of surpassing : ní fhéad éinbhean a clú do chlódh, Aithd. D. 82.3 . ? nách clódh air bith i gcómh-chruth do Ḃénus í she is in no way inferior to V. (?), Keat. Poems 128 (cló?).

With cath(a) etc.: it anmand (= anfann?) cluithe cath `weak in winning battles', ZCP iii 204.7 ( LU 9573 ; clóithe, cláite, v.ll.). in claideb do ch.¤ na gcath, SG 371.4 ( LL 300b2 ). Cerball currig caémLife / c.¤ catha for Cond, LL 6696 . trí cloidim fri c.¤ cliathach, Leb. Cert.² 870 . c.¤ coscair ann so, MR 302.12 . ag clódh treasa, Bard. Synt. Tr. 33.10 . clódh cogaidh . . . / mór an obair ógnaoidhean, Aithd. D. 60.12 .

(f) Of overcoming, subduing (desires, vices, emotions, etc.): clo a miana . . . clod a mían, Laws iii 204.13 , 15 Comm. cauraid clōite ferg, ZCP viii 117 § 10 ( Rawl. 88a38 ). dochuaid for cel, cluithi cin (i.e. he died penitent?), SR 3685 . is tria úmla ┐ tria inísle ro-chind aice a chlood, PH 4814 (Jesus rejecting the temptations of the devil). ní bhiadh clódh ar cumhaidh, DDána 63.29 . dá sirinn clódh an chroidhe `to check my heart', Aithd. D. 12.24 . o da bi se fein ar n-a clai on trocuire indus narb ail leis indeachaidh da dhenumh, Smaointe B. Chr. 494 (clai nó clui, v.l.). ar gcionta do chlódh `to blot out our sins', A. Ó Dálaigh v 4 . a cholann do chlaoi, Mac Aingil 3658 . do bheith i gceilg ar a choguas dá chlódh ┐ dá thurnamh, TSh. 2107 . sás a n-uaille do chlódh, 698 . chum an cathughadh do chlaoi `in order to overcome the temptation', Donlevy 418.2 . clódh a teadhma, Studies 1921, 75 § 17 . incloud gl. (peccatorum) conuictio, Ml. 70a7 (or for inchloud proof, conviction?).

(g) Of overcoming diseases: in tan nach etir le fein an easlainti do clai, RC xlix 25.13 .

Compds. With adj. cloidhmhthe clódh-bhuilleacha, CRR² 30 . With vb. do cloidhbrudh(?) an sluagh were overthrown, ZCP ii 556.37 . do clódmesc a craidhe was dejected and perturbed, Caithr. Thoirdh. 16.3 .

comair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comair or dil.ie/10630

 

adj in front of: c.¤ caich `before every one', Thes. i 713.28 . roherbadh do cethnait comhair a tighe techt ina lías, Ériu xiii 27.21 . c.¤ .i. a farrad, O'Dav. 576 citing this ex. c.¤ a taeib `overagainst', RC xii 66 § 33 .

Us. with prec. prep. (a) with, accompanying (us. i n-): céle cháich i gcomhair a choimdhedha, Ériu xiii 20.3 . hi comuir for moethloingsich `in the company of', Blathm. 23 . faccaib a chailg inna c.¤ , Vita Br. 13 . i ndáil a hinailte boí i c.¤ C.C. i ndormainecht, LU 4695 (TBC). an ball fil am c[h].¤-si `in my charge'(?), BColm. 92.20 .

(b) in front of, in the presence of (ar (for), do, fo, fri, i n-, ós): for c.¤ a craidhe `opposite his heart,' CCath. 2027 . ar a ch.¤ immach, MU² 451 . ar comuir na náo around(?), Rosa Angl. 56.12 . diúltadh ar a chomhair féin ag gach focal díobh, Bard. Synt. Tr. 4.14 `i.e. each has its own neg.', 111 . do comhair an inaidh over against the place, BCC 156 (160.9) . gonfat cach fom' comhair I shall slay all before me, BB 426b43 . atú fad chomhair, Dán Dé iii 12 . rongabh re c.¤ a chnis he took Him to his body, RC xxxvii 348 § 62 . tic . . . co mboí hi c.¤ na hingini, LU 10440 . ind rāith i c.¤ in dairḟeda, Misc. Hib. 25.3 . ina c.¤ , BB 497a31 . ticed si im choma[i]r-se co M. to meet me, ACL iii 309.22 . as do chomhair `before thee', Fl. Earls 116.6 . ós cómhair cháich, Oss. vi 14.3 .

(c) for (the purpose of), in preparation for, with a view to (ar, fo, i n-): ar c.¤ cacha cóicid to deal with(?), MU² 10 . ar c.¤ na troda da thornem in order to abate, Ann. Conn. 1315.11 . bean fad chomhair do cumadh, Dán Dé vii 21 . na pianta . . . do bhi ullamh fa chómhair luchta an uabhair, ZCP iv 400.8 . boi iasg lais fo c.¤ C. (a guest), BNnÉ 110 § 42 . fa c.¤ na tíre d'arccain, AFM iii 232.9 . téiged cách na ch.¤ chucu for it (i.e. battle), LL 37705 . robūi a c.¤ fritholma na foirne `kept watching the crew', Fianaig. 72.6 . Dia féin a comhair a chrochtha, IGT Decl. ex. 1102 . a c.¤ in brātha do mhétugad, RC xxiv 378.22 .

With added prep.: hi c.¤ dond insi sin, Anecd. iii 68.7 . i gcomhair leat `on your side', Content. xvi 120 .

See cóir 9 and Párl. na mB. Gloss . ? Note also: co tu[d]caid la taob in mara co comor treibe Ocind `as far as opposite', Dinds. 26 = c.¤ , BB 365a33 . co comuir mara Adriat, Rawl. 78a45 (cf. commar).

In phr. cinn ch.¤ see 1 cenn.

Various: dobeir . . . mo cenn a comhair cétḟuilt (: Codhail), Prolegomena 45 § 23 . an comhair do bai F. ┐ D. a comrag `while', Hy Fiach. 96.11 . masa c.¤ (chomrain, comhrair, comruin, v.ll.) conaigi / cruides ecna runmair, ZCP xiv 72.11 . erig didu on ch.¤ a naimsir thesbaid, YBL 85a19 (text uncertain).

1 corc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 corc or dil.ie/12439

 

n heart (B. na f.): mo c[h.] am reilic roghaol .i. mo chraidhe am chorp robris, ZCP v 487 § 2 . dochombuich mo ch.¤-sa thall .i. mo craidi-si astigh, w. c.¤ na dtūath (of a chieftain), § 15 . ong nach rān a chuirc slabhar .i. is trūagh nach fír a craidhe fairsing, 488 § 6 . See 2 cor, cuirc.

crád

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crád or dil.ie/12706

 

Forms: chráidh

n (g s. chráidh, Rial. S.F. 159 ). torment, anguish, misery; act of tormenting, persecuting , etc.: crād graece cratai dirae mucnai, O'Mulc. 207 . ba haithrech lais crādh Cāier, Corm. Y 698 (59.19) . is é . . . c.¤ dorat sí fair-som a lúas ro gab caille, Liad. and Cuir. 26.1 . cid crad doib `though it be grievous to them', Mon. Tall. 152.30 (§ 64) . ciarbo ch.¤ ria menmanrad, SR 6854 . crad meic Dé afflicting the son of God, LU 3039 . gan chradh gan credim, IT iii 87 § 96 . nī diṅgentais do chride ch.¤ , Fing. R. 498 . ba crádh craidhe leis, CCath. 1374 . íarmo ch.¤ dóaib `after they had tormented me', TTr.² 301 . ticfat Tálcind dar muirthrían trolmaib c.¤ cromm, LL 37022 . C. do c[h]rādh ima c[h]rodh, Ériu xviii 58 § 1 . crad na cumad `anguish of grief', TTebe 3395 . gur mor in cradh ┐ in cunntabart ina rabhusa dod grad, ZCP vi 28.13 . ar gclí-ne ag crádh na hanma, Dán Dé xxv 42 . mo chrádh nach ráinig leis pósadh, Keat. Poems 169 .

Perh. in fuller sense of destruction, death in: ría crad mo chuirp chaín i.e. before I die(?), LU 9934 . do thám . . . / fuair c.¤ rí milis M., LL 14872 . ní cian ó crad `not far removed from destruction(?)', Metr. Dinds. ii 54.23 . tuc doib cach ni ar chrad Ch. `to murder C.', iii 414.23 . cechaing C. iarna ch.¤ for lár a thige after he had been offended, outraged(?), iv 102.19 (`after murdering him'). cradh C. . . . / do faemadh la F. `the ruin of C.', MacCarthy 416.y . ? Inis Cathaich do chrod (sic) do Gallaib, Ann. Inisf. 1057.5 (`was plundered'). 1050.5 (see note).

cride

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cride or dil.ie/12925
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: croidhe, cridhe

n io, [n., 230 , GOI 179, et al. See also: cride n-ega, ScM. § 15 . cride n-dracon, FB2 56.16 . téit isna cride cáda 'he enters the pious hearts' Blathm. 647 . It is not certain that c.¤ is pl. (and hence n.) in: rombói fíal amirisse eterac.¤ `between their hearts (and him)', Wb. 15a29 . i c.¤ cáich gl. ut sermo Domini currat, 26a33 . badlethan formenme ┐ forc.¤ , 16a15 . Cf. nístabir a c.¤ `their heart brings them not', 16a30 . corop inonn cretem bes hifar cridiu etc., 7d10 . In none of the foregoing has the Latin lemma the word cor. In: cosrid hi far cridib gl. studete, Ml. 68a15 the gloss may have been infl. by corda of psalm]. Later crai-, croi- (infl. by crú, cródae(?), GOI 102 ). As early as LL: craide, LL iv 31176 . ancraide, iv 31575 . croidhe, cridhe, m., IGT Decl. § 2 (39.20) .

(a 1) physical heart of humans or animals: .i. ata lobru amal rongab cride et óa et inmedóncha áili 'i.e. which are weaker, such as the heart and liver and other internal organs' Wb. 12 b 1 . .i. is edh is cardiaca and .i. crith gluasachta in craidi 'cardiaca is a tremulous movement of the heart' Rosa Angl. 120.1 .

(a) heart (us. as seat of emotions): imbo hochridiu fanacc, Wb. 27c11 . a thuidecht ic.¤ tar ési dǽ gl. nolite locum dare diabulo, 22b5 . hiclaar cridi gl. in tabulís cordis, 15a11 . c.¤ ┐ óa ┐ inmedóncha áili, 12b1 . cen chongain cridi gl. cum inpunitate cordis, Ml. 90d10 . dirgi hochridiu gl. rectos . . . corde, 30b2 . 56a20 . cenn cridi gl. uiscus `the end of the heart', Sg. 111b5 . ? sén lat cend mo cridi, Mon. Tall. 131.16 (`guard with thy head my heart'). c.¤ .i. don crit[h] forsa mbī, Corm. Y 267 . do airchisiucht do cridhi, Blathm. 144 . cridhe glan, Ériu xiii 26.15 . cid dúrdae a ch.¤ , Fél. Ep. 194 . c.¤ licce (of warrior), Sc.M² 15 . tir doberar do eaclais . . . nad facaib easlan a craidhe `leaves no discomfort of heart', Laws v 428.5 . fo déig cridi do máthar, LU 5021 (TBC). c.¤ níad, LU 3848 ( SCC 38 ). i socraidi (is ó chraidi, SC2) labrait biuil, 3875 (ibid.). maidid a ch.¤ isin gillu, LL 14342 . ba béim c.¤ fri cliab leis (Culann at death of his dog), TBC-LL² 894 . ar crúas a craided, Fianaig. 88.11 . a ch.¤ tairise do rúnaib Dé, PH 8336 . co rotregdastair a craideada, TTebe 2782 . co craidhi maith willingly , ZCP vi 28.5 . See conguin

In phr. do-icc c.¤ x for y x takes pity on y: ní táinic cride neich díb fair acht cride Con-Brettan 'none of them had sympathy for him except Cú Brettan', Cath Almaine 4.43 . tic a cridhi fair ┐ ba trog lais, Aen. 2643 . tanic cridi na nGrec co mor . . . ar I., TTebe 2759 . táinig a chroidhe uirre `his heart yearned to it' (a child), Keat. iii 2119 .

(b) centre, middle part, focus : Mide . . . / c.¤ na Banba bricce, Rawl. 163b20 . C. Hérenn Cell Dara, Triads 4 . i cridhibh pene `in cores of pain', Lism. L. 3637 . di neoch nad roacht c.¤ cathæ, RC xii 104 § 148 . craide chuissi `the sole of the foot', Bretha 2A . ar chroidhibh na ccos, 23 K 42, 166a.6 . c.¤ coise ┐ láime `palm of hand and sole of foot', O'Gr. Cat. 269.12 . cridhe a dearnann gur deargadh, Bard. Synt. Tr. 226.2 . ar a chroidhe don taoibh asticch dā lāmhuinn, Beatha S. F. 3157 . Of wounds of Christ (in classical verse): a chóig chroidhe / cóig róid toighe na trócoire, Aithd. D. 89.16 . ar sgoltadh a chóig gcroidhe, DDána 23.26 . dá chroidhe na ngéag-bhonn nglan, A. Ó Dálaigh xxiv 4 . Cf. a chóig créachta ar a chóig cridhibh (of stigmata of St. Francis), PBocht 1.9 .

(c) affection, love; dear one : ferr cride gíallnai (gialla, v.l.) 'better affection than submission', BFF 6.54 . c.¤ he / daire cno, IT iii 100 § 177 . bí 'com chobair a ch.¤ (Christ), Ériu vi 115 § 8 . bíodh a cridhe ag cách `love', PBocht 5.14 . gomadh hé ar gcroidhe an caomhthach darling, DDána 121.18 . mo chroidhe an béal sochruidh saor `dear is . . . ', A. Ó Dálaigh xxvii 6 . leith mo chroidhe an cu . . . ┐ leith croidhe na co(i)n me (of Cú Chulainn and Fer Diad), RC x 337. 8 , 9 . cridhe sgol na tíre thíar, Bard. P. 6. 16 . ar ṅdí gérait chridi dear, Fél. Sept. 27 . a Christ chridi, Ériu iii 31 § 20 . Gaillem ch.¤ `beloved G.', Metr. Dinds. iii 320.43 . ba mind craidi doib uili itir firu ┐ mnaib, BB 436b32 . Cillein c.¤ , Gorm. March 12 . mo chuid cridhe my dear, LBranach 4274 . a cháirde croidhe, Rial. S.F. 213 . See s.v. cnú

(d) valour : ant aenmac rig doba mo clu ┐ c.¤ `courage', Ann. Conn. 1362.9 . gur shní croidhe a gcolga, LBranach 4728 `valour', n. croídhe ┐ caráisti, Párl. na mB. 102 . croidhe ón fheart fhalamh ní uair consolation, DDána 30.29 .

In n. pr. Maccridhe .i. mac craidhe , Mart. Don. Aug. 11 i.e. son by affection or adoption, n.

Compds. With nouns. tucc . . . cridh-airchisecht compassion of heart, BNnÉ 87.21 . forbair derci ┐ cridirchisechta, LB 257a14 . a crithairchisid . . . cecha trōighe `o heart's pitier', Otia ii 98 § 34 (see note p. 104). contrísio .i. croidhebhrúdh, Parrth. Anma 1786 . acfainn . . . a gcreachta 's a gcroidhechéasta power to despoil and torment them, Ó Bruad. iii 12.y . nir bo chridḟer 'mon cóem-ḟlaith `favourite with', Metr. Dinds. iii 350.26 . ba hé-som mo chrideṡerc darling, Liad. and Cuir. 24.20 . cridṡerc mo menman míne, LL 18199 . See cridiscél. With adjj. derived from nouns: bid crid-oirchisechtach dúind, PH 181 . do fhréimh Cholla chridhiorghalaigh, DDána 89.4 . nibacéle cridserccach, SR 6016 . cartanaigh crideshercaigh . . . imoroile, Leb. Gab.(i) 224.18 .

crúas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crúas or dil.ie/13200

 

Forms: -is, cruais

n (crúaid) m., IGT Decl. § 38 (87.17) . Abstr. Nouns § 61 . Earlier (?) with a d s. -is: cruais (: uais), Corp. Gen. 284.30 ( ZCP viii 218.19 ). fri cruais (: clúais), Imr. Brain 9 . Cf. corochrúais (: uais), SR 6022 . hardness, stiffness, rigour : Conall Cernach, crúas fo thuind `hard of thews', Metr. Dinds. iii 442.31 . cnes . . . gen chrūais (: ūais), ACL iii 308 § 33 . cruas ┐ tighi cuirp, Rosa Angl. 42.4 . cruas na cloichi, O'Gr. Cat. 271.2 . Transf. cruas secda . . . do pecadh, Grail 1446 . tan nosticed cith nó ch.¤ hardship, Metr. Dinds. ii 36.21 . ó ch.¤ do chaingne, IGT Decl. ex. 1373 . a hainm ní chuireabh i gcruas I shall make no difficulty about, Dánta Gr. 89.14 . d'fuasgladh an chruais do bhí air fán gcáisg perplexity , Mac Aingil 5970 . cruas ná docamhal na n-ealadhan = difficultas scientiarum, TSh. 2904 . ó do chóidh i gcruas, A. Ó Dálaigh viii 7 . a cc.¤ na riaghla, Beatha S. F. 2372 . in gach . . . throsgadh, ┐ ch.¤ oile, Rial. S.F. 552 . Gramm.: v fri buga ┐ a v fri cruas (of vowels), Auraic. 1073 .

Of personal qualities valour, bravery; brave deed : a chumachta a c.¤ (of Cú Chulainn), LU 4845 (TBC). at mathi . . . Fir Breg . . . im c.¤ , LU 4265 (TBC). M. ba muir ar crūais, ZCP viii 299.34 . a c.¤ a coicthi, a congala, Ériu iv 146.22 . ar fhéile ar chruas ar cheannas, O'Hara 3466 .

With dep. gen.: cruas comlaind, LL 29342 . co c.¤ chórad `champion's strength', Metr. Dinds. iv 102.30 . cruas craidhe , CCath. 2066 . atbath Corrcend co crúais chuirp `travail of body', Metr. Dinds. iv 96.53 . c.¤ mór miled, LL 14368 . Cf. imasoich crūas ciūil crōich `loud melody', Four Songs 10 § 8 .

In phr. do-gní c.¤ acts, fights bravely : da ndernta cruas, CCath. 2706 . cen chruas do dénum, SG 390.27 . In difft. sense: mac Dé nach déanann c.¤ `is not hard', Dán Dé xxxi 43 .

In pejorative sense: nithánicc . . . fer bud amru manipad do chrúass (said to St. Patrick) inflexibility , Trip.² 1370 . co condailbi cen nach crúais `without any harshness', Ériu iii 98 § 15 . na sliasta iarnaide . . . flaithius Roman sin ar cruass a thossaigh, ZCP xxx 100.42 . cruas cirt nō caolagarthaighe, Parrth. Anma 3180 . Ó Héodhusa 226.3 . C. nar char crūoss ` niggardliness ', Ériu xix 78 § 6 . cáithleach cruais ┐ lóchán lochta, TSh. 10091 .

cuirc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cuirc or dil.ie/13648

 

n ong nach rān a ch.¤ slabhar .i. is trūagh nach fír a craidhe fairsing, ZCP v 488 § 6 (B. na f.). Cf. 1 corc.

do-aig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-aig or dil.ie/17119

 

Forms: taig, taga, dosnacht, doagatar, táin

v (* to-ag-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 541 ). Ipv. 2 s. taig; subj. pres. 3 s. taga, O'Dav. 66 ; pret. 3 s. dosnacht, LU 792 ( Laws i 64 ) (later with s-pret.); pass. pres. pl. doagatar, Laws ii 118 Comm. Vn. táin.

Drives off, drives away (in leg. phraseology almost = seizes): is iarum doagatar hi comund `(the cattle) are put into a comann-pound', Laws ii 118 Comm. teora ferba fira dosnacht Asal ar Mug mac N. which A. drove off from M., i 64 . ecosc na n-erc . . . dodoacht Cur[o]i for Ultaib, Corm. Y 585 = toacht, LB ( Thr. Ir. Gl. 20 ). ceit fear bāite . . . dosonacht tonn forsin trac[h]t, Lec. 556a9 = dosrinart (leg. dosrimart), BB 31ay . With cogn. acc.: conid Ailill iarum doacht Tain Bo Cuailgne who made the foray for the bull, Rawl. 118b13 . Fig. fēl Coemhain Léth i corghus | doaig bliadhain do anfuth ushers in a stormy year, AFM 917 (ii 598) . Intrans.: ceithri barca . . . lodar tar muir . . . xv. lanomna is amhos | in gach bairc dotaghas tall came back, BB 19b23 = ise lin rothagas and, Lec. 540a6 . is ann rothaigestar in úir indledhech . . . Electó ar certlár clēib ┐ craidhe Congail `took up her abode', MR 166 (or leg. -thaiglestar from do-aidlea?). Esp. in conjunction with aigid in sense drives (goes) back (again): ma imaga taga .i. imāin amuigh drive in again, O'Dav. 66 . aigh taigh . . . .i. eirigh . . . ┐ tair doridhisi, 67 . The phrase aig taig became petrified as a subst. and was used after prep. in meaning to and fro, hither and thither, vagrant: luid David . . . hi t[i]rib minib Maob | co n-aes lathair, co n-aig thaig, SR 6239 . mar aes ṁbraith for aig thaig, | bis o chathraig do chatraig like spies roaming, on the move, 3477 ; 5639 , 7087 . ara burba fri aig thaig | is ar chumga a menmannraid | Nabál . . . rofemid imm oenbargin because of his churlish disposition towards vagrants (? cf. 1 Sam. xxv 10 , 11 ), 6305 , cf. 3241 . níba turas ar aig thaig ón (aig baig, MS.), TBFr. 87 . in charpait for aig thaig immo thenid, YBL 418b13 . Cf. further LU 180 ( Todd Lect. vi 10 ): atát dā clārchiste mora and (sc. immedón ind locha) i n-agid tagid swaying, tossed about (?) = inn-agaid a n-agaid ` face to face ', Todd Nenn. 94 . See 1 taig. Cf. also: rothaigir na Laidinta fo dī dochum a cathrach were driven back, Aen. 2816 . cech dúil doadas tadas `that moves about'. Cáin Ad. 26 . ám thám sochaide, MU² 367 (see Gloss.).

do-icc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-icc or dil.ie/17788
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: condid-ticci, tici-siu, do-da-ic, to-t-ic, tic, to-nn-ecad, do-s-ecat, tecait, ticed, doticed, tictis, thictis, toi-n-ictis, ticed, to-n-iced, do-m-icced, tecat, tis[s]a, tíos, tiu-sa, tís, go tis-[s]iu, tís, tisi, do-mm-, tí, tísam, tissaid, do-t-ísat, nacha-tísat, tíssat, ndon-tisat, tisor, tísir-siu, tissain, do-da-íssed, do-n-ised, do-m-issed, tised, thised, condid-tísed, condísed, contísed, tismais, tistai, do-m-istais, do-n-ístais, doristis, tístis, ticabh, ticub, do-sn-icfa, do-nd-iccfa, to-t-icfa, ticfea, ticfe, ticfai, du-nd-icfet, ticfat, ticfait, ticfaind, do-n-icfad, ticfed, du-nd-icfitis, tiuc-, tiucfad, tánac, rotanac-sa, do-ndn-anac, to-nn-anac, tánac, do-m-anicc, du-nn-ánic, du-da-ánaic, tánicc, nin-tánicc, tanaic, nín-tanic, condanicc, tánic, táinic, donfáncid, donangid, tancaibair, do-m-ancadar, du-sn-ancatar, táncatar, dom-ranic, dosranic, damrancadar, tecar, tecar, tecar, tístar, tistar, tísta, thíosta, ticht, tohét, tíchtu, tiacht, techt, da-fic, doficc, do-ficced, do-ficfe, dobarficfa, toficfat, ficfit, dofánic, dosfánic, donfáncid, dosfangator, do-s-físta, rasfecgat, tangus, tánacais, tanacais-[s]iu, ticcis, tigis, dodsisigh, ticsidh, ticsead, tigsed, co-ndn-icsitis, ticc-, tig-, dosfístá

v (* to-icc-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 557 ). Indic. pres. 2 s. condid-ticci, Wb. 24b5 . tici-siu, TBC-I¹ 2610 . 3 s. do-da-ic, Ml. 123d3 . to-t-ic, Fél. May 25 . tic, SR 8117 , etc. 3 pl. to-nn-ecad, TBC-I¹ 475 . do-s-ecat, Lec. 85b1 . (Mid.Ir. tecat, tecait.) Impf. 3 s. ní ticed , Ml. 41d9 . doticed, SR 1116 . 3 pl. tictis, TBC-I¹ 1432 (LU). do thictis , SR 1120 . toi-n-ictis, BB 39a22 . Ipv. 3 s. ticed, LU 3660 ( SCC § 32 ). to-n-iced, TBC-I¹ 1061 ; do-m-icced, etc. 3 pl. tecat, TBC-I¹ 1402 (LU).

Subj. pres. 1 s. co tis[s]a , TBC-I¹ 938 . tíos, Lism. L. 2297 . co tiu-sa , PH 997 . 2 s. tís, TBC-LL¹ 1860 . go tis-[s]iu, 5979 . acht co tís , RC iii 181.14 . Mid.Ir. mina tisi , Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40 . 3 s. do-mm-, Fél. Ep. 561 . co tí , Wb. 8d25 , Ml. 26a5 . 1 pl. ara tísam , TBC-I¹ 25 . 2 pl. tan tissaid , SR 3501 . 3 pl. cé do-t-ísat , Ériu i 198 § 17 . ar nacha-tísat , Wb. 17d10 . co tíssat , Hy. ii 36 . co ndon-tisat , TBC-I¹ 3066 . In Mid.Ir. often depon. in 1 and 2 s.: co tisor , TBC-I¹ 939 , Lism. L. 2315 . na tísir-siu , LL 262b28 . Impf. 1 s. co tissain , SR 1814 . 3 s. do-da-íssed, Ml. 39c15 . do-n-ised, TBC-I¹ 925 (LU). cia do-m-issed , 1728 . tised, Wb. 27c8 . mani thised , 4c15 . condid-tísed, 21a1 . condísed, 25a6 . contísed, Thes. ii 242.6 (Ardm.). do-r-issed, Corm. s.v. leithech (LB). 1 pl. tismais, TBC-I¹ 2357 . 2 pl. dia tistai , TBC-LL¹ 590 . 3 pl. do-m-istais, TBC-I¹ 2832 . do-n-ístais, Ériu i 114 § 3 . ? doristis, TTr.² 692 . tístis. Fut. 1 s. ticabh, Lism. L. 2299 . ticub, Ériu vii 229.11 , AFM i 308 (poem). 3 s. do-sn-icfa, Wb. 5c5 . do-nd-iccfa, 29c4 . to-t-icfa, SR 6855 . ticfea, Wb. 4d6 . ticfe, SR 8103 . ticfai, IT i 20.28 (LB). 3 pl. du-nd-icfet, Ml. 19b11 . ticfat, SR 8037 etc. ticfait, 8129 . Condit. 1 s. ní ticfaind , TBC-I¹ 2504 . 3 s. do-n-icfad, Wb. 21a3 . nad ticfed , Ml. 46a19 . 3 pl. du-nd-icfitis, 68a1 . In later lang. the stem tiuc- commonly occurs in fut. tiucfad (1 s.), TE 9 (Eg.).

Pret. and Perf. 1 s. tánac, SR 1684 , cf. 1695 . rotanac-sa, IT i 102.22 . 2 s. do-ndn-anac, TBC-I¹ 1613 (YBL) = to-nn-anac, (LU). tánac, 485 . 3 s. do-m-anicc, Wb. 12c9 . du-nn-ánic, 25a21 . du-da-ánaic, Ml. 123c3 . tánicc, Wb. 30d11 . nin-tánicc, 1d1 . tanaic, Ml. 35d1 . nín-tanic, 14d4 . condanicc, Wb. 3c27 . Mid.Ir. tánic, táinic. 2 pl. donfáncid, LU 1451 . donangid, 1452 . tancaibair, 2328 . 3 pl. do-m-ancadar, TBC-I¹ 2807 , du-sn-ancatar, 832 . táncatar. With -ro-: dom-ranic, TBC-I¹ 2787 . dosranic, ZCP xi 110 § 32 . damrancadar, TBC-I¹ 2850 . Pass. (s. only) ipv. na tecar , TBC-LL¹ 1767 . Pres. tecar, ni tecar , Laws , etc. Subj. pres. co tístar , Moling 71 . na tistar , RC iii 185.4 . Impf. tísta; muna thíosta , AFM vi 1918 . Pret. and perf. ticht (tohét, v.l.) . . . o Ch. i ndiaid mac mB., Cymmr. xiv 110 § 10 (see ZCP xviii 326 ). -tícht, Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 56 § 22 . Vn. tíchtu, tiacht, etc. Later also techt.

Mid.Ir. deuterotonic forms with inorganic -f-: da-fic, TBC-I¹ 561 LU = doficc, YBL; impf. do-ficced; fut. do-ficfe, TBC-I¹ 203 . dobarficfa, SG 376.9 . toficfat, TBC-I¹ 1077 (LU). ficfit, 171 ; pret. dofánic, TBC-I¹ 1778 (LU). dosfánic, SR 1687 . donfáncid, LU 1451 . dosfangator, Hugh Roe 300.4 (donangatar, 5). Pass. subj. impf. do-s-físta, TBC-LL¹ 2818 . Cf. also: rasfecgat (= do-s-ecat), TBC-LL¹ 5088 ( LL 96a47 ).

With s- forms in pret. and perf.: 1 s. tangus. 2 s. tánacais, TBC-I¹ 2415 . tanacais-[s]iu, IT i 102.23 . Also 3 s. ticcis, tigis, e.g. Fl. Earls 32.22 , 46.1 , 78.14 .

The follg. subj. forms are perhaps due to contamination with -dichs-, prototonic stem of do-cóis- (tiagu): Pres. 3 s. dodsisigh . . . ticsidh , Ériu v 156 , 174 . Impf. 3 s. ticsead, Lec. 347a51 ; 342b22 . ara tigsed , 191b30 . 3 pl. co-ndn-icsitis, Lat. Lives 49 . In late Mid.Ir. subj. is often formed from stem ticc-, tig-.

I In O.Ir. usually with direct object (freq. an infixed pron. in accus.) comes to, approaches, denoting motion (physical or figurative).

(a) With pers. obj.: do-ss-icc seigh mar don muir, Anecd. i 70 . to-t-ic (do tic, v.l.) féil Iohannis, Fél. May 25 . ní ticed scís mo chnamai cid dian . . . nothéisinn, Ml. 41d9 . doticfa diliu trom, SR 2442 . toticfa dígal, 6855 . doforficfa foirit[h]in help will come to you, CCath. 3579 . dobicfat (doforfiucfad, v.l.) anbthine móra, Ériu ii 196 . túatha hÉrenn tairchantais | do-sn-icfed sídflaith núae, Hy. ii 19 . is ed rochreti cách duibsi . . . nachabticfed for rí, Ml. 46a14 . dommí co ndegairdib . . . mo c[h]ara cain may my friend come to me, ACL iii 221 . Michel uasal . . . doti for cech cái, Anecd. ii 52 . nachamthí bét nā bini, Ériu ii 92 . guidim-si . . . nachasti nach plāigh, Anecd. ii 34 . nām thí garga fri sluagh nArda may no resentment against . . . come to me, ACL iii 297 . cé do tísat morgressa, Ériu i 198 . co ndontisat a ndá trichaid cēt sin, TBC-I¹ 3066 . ma(i) domised-sa com thech | hua Mescain should come to me to my house, AU 617 . nicon fil frithorcain nachamthísed-sa, Ml. 107b8 . co nam tísad congain cride, ZCP v 497 . menim-thistais écne, Ériu v 210 . domanic ben maethainech, TBC-I¹ 2789 . isé ceta-domthanic who was the first to come to me, 2794 . boi C. ina otharligiu andside conatatanicc Senoll, 2735 . tainic anbthine mór a cobhlach, CCath. 162 . bennacht for cach donancamar everyone we have come to, Anecd. i 11 . tabraid far mbennachtain forsin flaith do-n-fáncid the prince to whom you have come, MU² 925 . dosfancadar uilc mora, CCath. 313 .

Rare in pass.: dammad ar galaib óenfir dosfístá Oengus, TBC-LL¹ 2818 (= do hionnsochtai, St.).

do-m-icc comes to me in sense of I getfrom): is deolaid a trian tic fer mbunaid the third which the original owner gets, Laws iv 180 . a trian tic na flaithi, Ériu i 214 . tomiced biad cach n-oen-aichde uaidib let them send me food, TBC-I¹ 1061 . do-micced mo dlighedh let me have my right, Laws i 82 Comm. domiced claideb úaib give me a sword, TBFr. 229 . ni-n-tiucba a ndonfarnic arráir we shall not get what we got last night, RC x 66 . minab samlaid thēis, roticfa (for rot-t.) cloch huaimse isin tailm, TBC-I¹ 795 . día tísat eóin Mag M . . . . duticfat thou shalt have them, LU 3272 ( SCC § 6 ). ingaib ifern . . . rothí (= rotthí) nem so shalt thou gain heaven, ZCP vi 265 . acht co nomthi oen-poicc (for oen pócc?) duit provided I get a kiss from you, RC xxiv 198 . con-nachamthised uait acht oen-lám that thou shouldst use only one hand against me, RC iii 184 . bid fō lim tomissed comardha n-uait that thou shouldst send me a token, TBC-I¹ 925 . ara tisad a fīr cāch everyone should get his right, Laws i 152 . maic bic . . . resíu tosni a aicneth (= priusquam impellat natura), Ériu vii 144 . cuman lim amal domáinic labrad how I learned to speak, Imr. Brain ii 293 . co namthí techt do nemdaib till I gain entrance to heaven, Ériu vi 115 . Cf. also: Buarannach mac E. a síth L. domanaicsea I am B. from the fairy-mound of L., MacCongl. 75 (replacing atom-comnaicc, see 1 ad-cumaing).

(b) With obj. denoting place, destination, aim: hi ngrellig donnicc echrad rig to which the horses of a king come, TBC-I¹ 3545 . ba fornocht talam eturru ┐ daneccad hUlaid re fuined ngrēne reach it, TBC-I¹ 3418 . in tan tanic in ṁBruig ṁbúain, Ériu vii 223 . mac is amru tánic Laigniu riam, RC xiii 373 . do neoch nā toracht ┐ nā tanic an dunad, TBC-I¹ 3409 . tancatar a tech, Hy. v 53 . co tancatar Temraig, RC iii 182 . ? cén co tisam dutracht lind though we achieve not our desire, SG 45 .

co ticci till thou comest (to): condid-ticci till thou comest to it, Wb. 24b5 . rob áil damsa do dula-su co tici fail i fil Emer, TBC-I¹ 2425 . settai mná Ulad uli co nomthici-sea till thou comest to me, i.e. except me, FB § 24 . Usually as prepositional phr. as far as, up to, till: focheird C. tri bidgu ina ndiaid cotici in n-ath, TBC-I¹ 1324 . co tici Ath Da Fertai, 2135 . co ticci a dorn, 3163 . do sárluag . . . co tici do chutrommae up to thy full value (weight), TE 13 (LU). dochoid-si . . . codicce Dun S., TBC-I¹ 1317 . táinicc Brian hi Midhe co ticci Loch nA., AFM ii 728 . Cf. mod. gonuige up to, as far as, and co tí under II (a) infra.

II In Mid.Ir. and later lang. usually intrans. comes . So occasionally in O.Ir. glosses, e.g. Wb. 27c8 , 30d11 , Ml. 46a19 , and in the phrase co tí, Wb. 8d25 , 26a5 , 11 , Ml. 26a5 ; more freq. the obj. (person or destination) is replaced by a neut. infixed pron. inna persine dodiccfa, Wb. 29c4 . condid-tísed ind aimser, 21a1 . ciasidfiadat-som dundicfet in[na] fochaidi, Ml. 19b11 . ind aimsir dundicfitis Assair, 68a1 . So in the follg. exx.: fri snadud neich dodisad co n-airchetul who should come with poetry, TBC-I¹ 594 (YBL). is bráth fri bidbadu dodanic ann, 3192 . in laech dodanic, 3205 , cf. 3214 , 3216 . ba hé Cáilte dodánic, Imr. Brain i 48 . is bruthmar a bara in chaurad dadanig and, TBC-I¹ 3277 . is leth gliad dandanic (= dond.) and, 3252 . fíad ind óclaig dundánic, Imr. Brain i 47 . ar cind cach tascuir dodanic, Laws i 48 Comm. The freq. use of and thither, there in combination with this infixed pron. shows that the force of the latter was early lost. The orig. trans. construction leaves its trace further in Mid.Ir. and even later in the freq. occurrence of a nugatory infixed obj. pron.: dafic C. chucu, TBC-I¹ 561 (LU = doficc, YBL). nostic immach he comes forth, Ériu iv 100 (ergid, v.l.). dusfic Eoin gusin gcuid oile do na hapstaloibh, Fl. Earls 116 . a hArd C. dusfánaicc go Cenel Conaill, Hy Fiach. 76 . nostecat 'na ndáil, Ériu iv 106 . dusficceat darsna múraibh, AFM vi 2214 .

(a) In lit. sense: lion ticcthi tar tuile theinn as many of you as come, BS 20 . na fir-sea thecait anair who come from the east, Imr. Brain ii 288 . cech slamsrúam thened doniged ina bél asa brágit, TBC-I¹ 1947 . do choistecht fri timna | tictis isna sabbóteib, SR 4596 . doticdis na bāi . . . for ingeilt . . . a crich Dal R., Corm. Y 585 . dia tí iall i mag, TBC-I¹ 1168 . ticfa tálcend dar muir, Hy. ii 21 Comm. ( Thes. ii 314 ). muna dtíosadh aingeal Dé do nimh, Ériu i 91 . intan tíos aríss when I come back, Lism. L. 2297 . mina ticte-sa beo tar h'ais if you should not come back alive, ZCP vi 82 . ticfat a cind da colaind they shall lose their heads, CRR 22 . co tanic a inchind fora chluasa, TBC-I¹ 810 . fada ód' thír tangais alle, BS 58 . robá i ngalar ┐ tancabair dom torroma, RC iv 246 . roiarfuig doib canas tancatar, Hy. iv Pref . romarbhsat an manach ┐ tangattar iter a cend ┐ a cholann (i.e. beheaded him?), BNnÉ 41 . táncatár a traigthe co mbatar da éis turned backwards, TBC-I¹ 1932 . With co: acht co tís chucund provided thou come to us, RC iii 181 . ir-richt eoin ticed Uictor aingel co Patraic, Hy. ii 8 Comm. tainic Fergus co a pupall, TBC-I¹ 2313 . cach anmanna . . . doticed dochum nAdaim, SR 1116 . tanic nell chuice she swooned, MacCarthy 66 = dosfánic nél, SR 1637 .

Of seeds, sprouts, comes forth: tig síol is táire is ní thig | gráinne ríogh isan roilig 'a humbler seed sprouts in the graveyard but the seed of kings sprouts not', Giolla Brighde 28 § 23 .

Mid.Ir. do-icc (remi) advances, proceeds: tanic F. remi da pupull, TBC-I¹ 2419 . tainic roimhe fón toichim sin, BS 10 . táncatar rompu assan bhaile, Acall. 47 . tangadar rempo co hāth in c[h]omlaind, TBC-I¹ 2325 , 2472 , 2517 ; CRR 10 .

co tí lit. until . . . comes as prep. until: co tí in firbrithem, Wb. 8d25 . co tí lae messa, Ml. 26a5 . co tí Pátraic, Trip.² 2086 . ni fuil noeb conní a airde | co tí in Coimdiu, ACL iii 303 . óndiu co tí bráth until Doomsday, TBC-I¹ 2254 , cf. 2653 . co ti in brath(a), MR 174 . ticfa am . . . gid fada gairid go tí, Fianaig. 74.13 . o chruthughadh an domhain go dtigh so till now, Hard. i 206 .

Comes back, returns: sochaide scaras fria choemu . . . ┐ meni thiset uli i n-imslánti, TBC-LL¹ 197 . ond úair do-chúaid for conair cosin n-uair donánic, TTr.² 527 .

In fig. sense, of transition to a state, mental activity, etc.: doficfad Ulaid asa noeindin, TBC-I¹ 1077 . is minca teagaid locht an fiabrais seo cum beathadh nā cum bāis, 23 P 10, 168rb4 . is roluath tig chum tormuigh it increases, 3 C 19, 33ra10 . gurob mar sin tiocfus . . . a n-aithne na gcúisi shall come to know the causes, 62rb3 . tanic for menmain dó a breth, PH 832 . tainic ar menmain do Stait . . . bunadh, etc. occurred to Statius, TTebe 8 . gurab ón Diabhal tháinig dó an tAifrionn do chur ar gcúl (the idea) came to him of abolishing, Eochairsg. 22 .

Of time, comes, arrives: o thig aghaidh when night comes, BS 30 . o thig laa, 32 . tan dusficc tiughlaithe neich, AFM vi 2184 ond úair thanic a amser when his time (to die) had come, SR 4972 . is demin tánic mo lá my day (of death) has come, SG 91 . tainic dia fo chend a saogal, óir . . . do benadh a gcinn uile díbh their last day came, ALC ii 386 .

By extension, comes to an end, is spent (most freq. in pret.): a n-écmais do beith agum co tí an bliadhain till the year comes to an end, Imr. Brain i 67 . co táinicc trath don ló ┐ don laithe (leg. dond aidchi?) foesin (i.e. till twenty-four hours had elapsed), Moling 8 . tháinicc mórán don lá the day is far spent, Mark vi 35 . Cf. do-icc as (iii).

do-icc dom comes to me, befalls me: co ti taem dot daenacht duit may some stirring of thy humanity visit thee, ACL iii 243 . na ticfad d'ulc ┐ do maith dam all the evil . . . that might fall to me, CRR 11 . dofánic faindi dó, Ériu iv 154 . iarsin tánic galar glan, | feib tic do cach, for Adam, SR 2026 . anfud mór tanic do C. . . . co roattaig Brigit co tísad féth do, Hy. iv Pref . ( Thes. ii 323 ). tangattar doibh na huile so iar mbreithir Ruadháin, BNnÉ 16 . Rarely with LA in this sense: na trí fochaide ata annsom doticfad la Ultu the three worst pests that would befall Ulster, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 26 . atraig C. ┐ dofancatar a ḟerga lais, TBC-LL¹ 1982 .

Of states, events, etc., in general comes about, takes place, happens: ní thig re ré an raimheic ríogh | gníomh ar nar ainic sé an slógh, DDána 91.11 . gur tria n-a aimsiughadh . . . tainic marbadh dhuic de B., Fl. Earls 136 . bidh fis gach neich nadurtha ag na heolchaibh sul tigid siad ann, Ir. Astr. Tr. vi 6 . táncatar sain uile ó Media all these things came to pass through M., LL 221b21 ( TTr. 325 ). is aes ingine macdacht insin ┐ ni thangadar a fhergnima beos, TBC-I¹ 363 . dona tomhadhmannaib tangatar re a linn i nEirinn, Leb. Gab.(i) 54 . fios na neithedh nách táinig knowledge of the future, Ó Héodhusa 155 .

Comes into being, arises, originates: nia duine tiucfae will arise (of Christ), Corm. Y 959 . tiocfa sāi da c[h]loinn dia ēis | bhenfus do chāch a coibhēis, ZCP viii 109 . ar na huilibh da ttainig ┐ da ttiocfa, Luc. Fid. 49 . a chlērigh is ferr tainec thou best of clerics ever born, ZCP viii 302 . conid tainic Senchas Mar was established, Laws i 40 . ag so mar tháinig Béibhionn the descent of B. was as follows, Keat. iii 4041 .

Comes to pass, is fulfilled: táinig tairngire Chiaráin, Arch. Hib. i 83 . táinic in tarrngairi áigh, | táilginn treabsat Cluain Cesáin, Acall. 499 . táinic in tairngiri doronadh dam, D IV 2, 44ra39 . See also under tairngire.

In certain cases do-icc is loosely employed to denote state, development, etc., almost in sense is, becomes, etc.: tig ag Bodhmainn dha bhiathadh he is with B. for his feeding, is fostered by B., Duan. F. i 33 . cionnas tig Eire gan Aodh? how does Ireland get on? Ériu viii 85 . bith a ḟis ag S. gurub maith tainig cruithneacht na mbráthar has thriven, grown, JRSAI ii 360 (1858-9) . bid dis deireoil thu . . . ┐ na tis tar triar chaidchi thou shalt never come past three (i.e. shalt never have more than three descendants living at a time), Lec. 126a18 . tic sin timchell cheithri mile . . . ponnta amounts to, Fl. Earls 178 . cuic seoit .i. da tecait dā ba which amount to two cows, Laws iv 148 Comm. See IGT Verbs § 7 .

Escapes, recovers (also with prep. AS, see (c) below): tinnes . . . ┐ ticc fa dheoigh, C IV 2, 11b4 . dogheibh cunntabhairt bháis ┐ tiuccfaidh, 23b6 .

ní ticc it is not possible: ó nach tig riar an dá rann | gan bheith diomdhach since I cannot agree to both sides, Content. ix 17 . eimealtus romor . . . innus nach ticeann turoisimh 'n-a laeighi do dhenamh so that the patient cannot remain lying down, 23 P 10, 3a49 .

With adj., etc., as pred. almost equivalent to subst. vb.: dotí mac fir in baile slán, ZCP ix 485 . is midlachda tánac, TBC-LL¹ 1279 . tig ót omna ḟaidchennaigh | an chomhla 'na codchannaib the door is shattered, IGT Decl. ex. 69 .

Various idioms: do-icc cride (for) relents, is moved (towards, by): tic craidhe in chléirig gan cheilg | gur réidig as [a] ardfheirg, SG 27 . tic croidhe ┐ inntinn an righ for ghnúis an mhacaoim, BNnÉ 183 . tainig cridhe Moeog fuirte . . . ní tainic cridhe an righ for Moeog, 187 . tanic a n-aicned co mor forro ┐ ba truag leo a toitim, TTebe 3125 . d.¤ i tir gets on, succeeds: mar thigid i dtír, Ó Bruad. ii 170 ; cf. Gadelica i 64 and see 1 tír.

(b) Commonly used in impers. pass. where agent is indefinite: ní tegar dom airfidedh none cometh to make music to me, BS 84 . mina thistar a nēllaib . . . dot indsaigid, nā (leg. ní?) ticfaider anair nā 'niar dot indsaigid, TBC-I¹ 2510 . co tistar ó Dia do nim | d'ordugud mo chuirp, SR 2055 . gidmait . . . co tístar óm Tigerna . . . do cosecradh mo thóedan, Moling 71 . décce dún ammag na tistar chucund cen aicsin lest anyone come to us unseen, RC ii 185 . cumad o Dia tista do breith na muici, ZCP xii 399 . muna thíosta dia ccobhair a ttraitte, AFM vi 1918 . ní tiocfuighthior chuige le holc he shall not be visited with evil, Proverbs xix 23 . ó rofitir M. co ticfaidthea ina degaid that he would be followed, SG 404 . ba maith inti cusa tancus annsin .i. Fiachra, RC xxiv 184 . tancas o Ḟind dom chungidsa, TBC-LL¹ 26 . tangas amach o mac A. da radha a message came out, Cog. 210 . tangus ó shíol M. ar cend R. . . . do thabairt righe dó, AFM iii 86 . tangus orrtha le pícibh they were attacked, Rel. Celt. ii 188 . do thángathas ar gach taoibh people came on every side, ITS i 28 . in túisig risi táncas in techt `the leader with whom the expedition had arrived', LL 221a23 ( TTr. 292 ). ragaid limsa mu drutha . . . ┐ in lín dancus lim uile, Lib. Flav. i 26va38 . dothæt in rigan . . . ┐ ba caem tancas andsin for cach mbuada 'twas a fair coming, Aen. 722 . nir thigthi dho anall he should not have to come, MS. Mat. 542 ( Lec. 167a ).

(c) Idiomatic uses with various prepp.

With AR

(i) speaks of, touches on, mentions (also with TAR, see below): ag so mar thig Policronicon ar an ní gcéadna, Keat. iii 25 . is é so an comhartha ar a dtig Eoin san seachtmhadh caibidil, Eochairsg. 39 . tancamar ar a lān do briathraibh CC. we have related, BCC 362 . ar an ttres n-athcuinghid tigther ann so, Ó Héodhusa 100 .

(ii) agrees on: in ní ar a táinic O Néill ┐ misi re céili, O'Gr. Cat. 57 . táinic ar a chomhadhaib uile dó agreed to all his terms, ML 146 . tángadar leath ar leath ar na cuir ┐ na slánaibh sin dh'á chéile, 8 . gach nidh ar a dtángadar na hAithreacha d'aonintinn, Eochairsg. 21 .

(iii) begins with (in gramm.): an focal tig ar fearn, IGT Introd. § 73 . .h. as lomadh don fhocal tig ar ghuthaidhe, § 18 .

(iv) falls on, devolves on, pertains to: ar teora ferba tic so applies to, Laws i 68 Comm. ni horum-sa ticc guide ar bur son, BCC 282 . ainm . . . nach tiu[c]fad acht ar drochduine would be applicable to, 53 . Cf. also: rochuala-som int éces oc gúmháidim ala n-aile [ṅ-airec] n-inganta amail bid hé bodessin ar dorissed (no ara tísead) (`of whom he spoke' O'Don.; to whom it pertained?), Corm. s.v. leithech (= arahíssed who invented it, YBL).

With ASS

(i) comes out, escapes: (impers.) bróga . . . ní thig asta, is ní chrapaid le láin-teas (i.e. they neither come off, being too loose, nor shrink), O'Rah. xviii 24 . gach ní as a dtigtir `from which an escape is got' (?), Content. xxii 4 . da dtí as . . . muna dtí as recovers , 23 K 42, 347.20 .

(ii) results from: as dá maidhm . . . tig an tír do thiormochadh, Content. vi 69 . da ticfadh as sin co scrisfaide na healadhna, Ir. Astr. Tr. 8 .

(iii) runs out, comes to an end: tánic in bliadain ass fói sin, SG 237 .

With DE

(i) comes, arises from, depends on, is consequent on, due to: ni maith na airm-se . . . ni thic mo dingbail-se di sodhain my equivalent comes not therefrom (i.e. `they are not worthy of me'?), TBC-LL¹ 1094 . isé rí na Temrach túaid, | isé in triath da tic al-les from whom her welfare depends, LL 306b19 . de thainig a thiughlaithi, MacCarthy 420 . tainig tairmesg na duaine desin, Laws v 230 Comm. na minpheacaidh . . .tig díobh na fíréin do bheith i dteine phurgadóra, Eochairsg. 117 . ni thicfa dím-sa . . . a ndul uaitsiu I will not be the cause of their going from you, FDG 612 . go mbudh de sin do thiocfadh na glais do sgaoileadh that would cause the fetters to burst asunder, Eochairsg. 113 . dothicfad dia n-imut nach biath anóir forro such would be their abundance that they would not be valued, Marco P. 105 . gémadh é a oidedh no thiacht de though his death should be the consequence, ZCP xiv 228.6 (leg. nothísad?). dusfainicc dia fertoibh ┐ mhirbuilibh go ttarla toirrches don mbanrigain, Fl. Earls 222 . tainic da righi nertmhar | táth Erenn re haon-shechtmhuin, ZCP xi 42 .

By extension, (ii) do-icc dím it comes from me, i.e. I am able (to): inund són ┐ daic dím which is as much as to say `I am able for it', CRR 44 . ni thic do neoch molad do denum dó, FA 1 (LB). atcualamar . . . co ticc dit remhaisneis cach neith ticfa isin domum, CCath. 4040 . ni thic d'innscne aentengad . . . túr na teist na tuaruscbail Domnaill, MR 182 . ni mō nosticc do Thuirnn a loscad inā loscad in mara T. can no more burn them than he could the sea, Aen. 2032 . rí nime naemhainglech dá tig gach ní who can do all (from whom all proceeds?), ZCP viii 203 . ni thicfa dibhsi anum do thabairt ina dáinib romarbsabar, RC xiv 36 . is iat-sin lānemain dia ticfa mo lesugud-sa, ZCP i 103 . diambad áil dait ticfad dít Ulaid do sídugud, MU² 169 . ni rabi 'sin domun . . . oenḟer da tisad diṅgbail Achil, LL 244a28 ( TTr. 2038 ). achd go dtí dhíom mo thuras . . . do choimhlíonadh, Acts xx 24 . acht co tisa[d] de iomus forasna ┐ dicetal, etc. provided he knew (could practise), Anecd. ii 76 . rogheall a chobhair dia ttíosadh de, AFM vi 2056 . dús an ttiseadh dhe a bfurtacht if he could help them, Hugh Roe 300 . ba derbh leo, dia ttiseadh da nach n-aon oile a bfoirithin . . . combadh dhe a aenar dusfiucfedh if anyone could help them, he and he only could, 278 . gi bec fogla do tigfad de ra Gallaib however little injury he might be able to inflict on the foreigners, Cog. 60 . do Dhia táinic a thoirmesg, BS 6 . is dod gaiscedh-sa tanic in sīdh ūd do dēnum, ZCP vi 49 . go dtiocfadh dhí féin . . . Curaoi do bheith i n-uathadh sluagh she herself would contrive that C. should have few warriors, Keat. ii 3495 .

Note also: tánic de coa mnaí fessin, LU 3267 ( SCC § 6 ). Cf. next par. section (iii).

With DO

(i) falls to, befalls , see above.

(ii) pertains to, applies to, suits: is deas thiocfadh culaidh den bfaision so duit, GJ iv 29 . as follus . . . go tainicc an briathar adubairt Pol . . . do C. C. applied to, BCC 424 . go dtáinic sé dom' aois leigean dom dhíth ceille it became my age to give free course to my folly, ITS xvii 220 . In impers. constr.: ? ma dic dula dam-sa if I can go, Ériu vii 222 . claon cum . . . siubhail for thalamh coimhightheach le dtiocfadh dhó níosa fearr where he will succeed better, Corp. Astron. 132 .

(iii) do-icc dom co . . . (impers., see Celtica ii 216 ) it is time for me to . . ., I arrive at, attain to: acht tised doib co oes ferdatad provided they reached manhood, TBC-I¹ 505 (LU). ó thánic dóibh co dérgud when it was time for them to go to bed, FB § 80 . co tainic co tabairt a n-airm doaib when they had all things ready for plying their arms, Laws i 250 . o thanic dó co dul dochum nime when his time came to go to heaven, Anecd. i 44 . o thánic doib cusin aidche Sathairn when the eve of Saturday arrived, Ériu ii 204 . ó thainigc cusna dédenchu dó-som when his end was at hand, BColm. 106 . o thainicc dhósomh gusna deighencha, Hugh Roe 262 .

With FO

(i) opposes, impugns (Laws): int ap tic fo coraib who impugns the contract, Laws i 52 Comm. ni theacait fo curudh, v 224 Comm. co ma fon uiliataid tista and `to the entire action objection could be made', 184 Comm.

(ii) do-icc fúm it occurs to me, I form the notion, project (of): tainic fai a breith ar eigin co minicc he often thought of carrying her off by force, Lib. Flav. i 33vb (cf. PH 832 ). cidh teichedh do thísadh fútha, CCath. 1745 .

With FRI

(i) comes against, withstands, opposes, injures: ní bía a nert ar nech fo nimh | óir ticc ríu nert Dé dhūiligh, BNnÉ 255 . ní thicfad ri forngaire ind ríg, LL 220a27 ( TTr. 222 ). dia tístais firu in domain frim-sa ní thicfad Congal, MR 12 . ni bāi do dūilib Dē dil | dūil nothissed fri ar menmain | . . . acht int angbaid Lucifur, SR 1510 . tiocfaidther ret' rath ┐ bid é torad do bhronn tiocfus riut, SG 395 . cret ticc ritt? what ails thee? TE 7 (Eg.). rofiarfaigh L. dhi cread tainic fría what had happened to her, Ériu v 80 . an trath teagar reisin ngaili o rotheasaid[e] when the stomach is affected through excessive heat, 23 P 10, 141vb22 . annamh tréan nach dteagthar ris, Dánta Gr. 53.2 . ar oman co tiucfaidhe frib ó Dia uel ó duine for fear you might meet with a reverse, O'Gr. Cat. 132 . tiocfa crochadh an Ríogh riú, A. Ó Dálaigh xlii 9 .

(ii) submits to, agrees to (with), freq. in Laws Comm.: in tan tic-sium re dliged submits to law, Laws iii 116 Comm. . tegaid ar aen re dliged comruic `appeal to the law of combat', v 150 Comm. . co tisat fri dlighedh, i 106 Comm. . cia notisad ria aithrigi, 10 Comm. . in ni nā tainic nō nā tudchad frí breithir nDe did not agree with, 38 Comm.

Later with RE (LE) concurs, agrees with, suits: tigim ris an reachd gur maith é I consent unto the law, Romans vii 16 . fá an ní ré dtig se which he alloweth, xiv 22 . tig Camden féin leis an bhfreagradh so, Keat. i 58 . gur beag d'úghdaraibh thig ré chéile ar chomháireamh na haimsire, 86 . mar nach tigid na príomhúghdair seo le n-a chéile, 88 . ní thangadar a bhfíadhnuisidhe le chéile, Mark xiv 56 . ge tic apium ┐ alues le cele da rēr a serui though parsley and aloes agree in pungency, Ir. Astr. Tr. 72 . ní thig an preabán núa-éuduigh leis an tsein-éudach, Luke v 36 . ní thuigim go dtiocfadh rum | ar mhaoidhis d'oideacht oram that the teaching you boasted of giving me would suit me, Content. ix 5 . tainic celmaine Brenainn leis an faistine, BNnÉ 291 . nach ticfidís naeimh eile Erend re cinel Conaill mar tainic se féin les, BCC 275 . tig siad go maith le bheith 'na mbráithre they make good friars, Corp. Astron. 66 .

With LA; late Mid.Ir. ticc limm I am able (to), succeed (in): da ticed let a chosc dīm, ZCP vi 100 . ní thicfadh linn a rímh, i 424 . ionnus go dtiocfadh linn bunadhas cinidh Scoit do lorgaireacht, Keat. i 224 . go dtáinic le mnaoi a mhealladh, Gadelica 241 . tigthear le sunnradh do bheith san iollradh it is possible for . . . to be . . ., IGT Introd. 7 . Common in Mod.Ir. Cf. further: gach a ffuarus d'olc leo | tiucfaidh liom géin bam beo `will come against me' (= t. frim? or `will remain with me' = I will not forget?), Duan. F. i 21 .

With ó

(i) comes (safe) from, escapes from: ní thainic aón duine . . . ona chomlann riamh no one ever came safe from combat with him, Ériu v 174 . uatha ní tigthear le tóir, O'Hara 2364 . na daoine do gheabaid bás ┐ na daoine thiocfus on esláinti, 24 P 3, 169.9 .

(ii) comes from, i.e. is stated by: amal tic o Beid i n-a stair as Bede states, YBL 166b1 . is ed tic ó Ísu sund, PH 7953 .

With TAR

(i) transgresses, violates: cipé tí dar recht na ríg, Metr. Dinds. iii 18 . cid bé rí tí tar an saoirese, BColm. 44 . ní meisi ticfa tairis (of a truce), Moling 64 . is túscu rofaemomaisne sin inás do tiocfámais tar in mbreithir doratsum re Poimp, CCath. 1682 . o thanuc-sa dar timna nDé, PH 4019 . táncadar thar decrachaib ┐ tara cointindib na hecailse, RC xvii 154 (Tig.). cach fír dar ná tecar slán that is not transgressed with safety, Metr. Dinds. iii 6 . tuc-somh ratha tar nach ticthe do na tréinferaib inviolable pledges, SG 356 .

(ii) overcomes, subdues: ní ardadh fris trén ar nách tísadh (darna tisad, v.l.) whom he did not overcome, CCath. 359 . ní tarla friu tren tar na tiostais, AFM vi 2280 . Caisel an urláir do dhénamh lá comharba C.C. . . . ┐ dobhert mallacht forsan tí no thiocfadh thairis `would come over it' (attack, destroy?), ii 1146 .

(iii) touches on, mentions, speaks of: tic Oengus issin broluch tar bás Donnchada, Fél. 8 . teagaid seacht n-airtegail díobh tar dhiadhacht airdríogh na ríogh deal with , Ó Héodhusa 8 . ní tháinig áon duine thairis ós áird spake openly of Him, John vii 13 . na luinge Saxanaighe sin tar a ttangamar thuas spoken of above, AFM vi 2096 ; 2046 . Oliuerus da[ra] ticer (tara tegur, v.l.) go minic agaibh-si of whom ye often speak, Fier. 27 . adubhrais . . . ag teacht duit tar Eoghan mhór, Content. iii 22 .

(d) With adverbs. do-icc istech (mod.): muna ttí an tairrngire asteagh don Domhnall so unless the prophecy comes home to (is verified in) this D., 3 C 13, 814.13 . fáisdine athar, más fíor | tiocfa asteagh d'oighre an airdríogh, 18 . tiocfaidh an aimsir isteach go maith the weather will turn out (?) all right, Corp. Astron. 58 . a ré go dtiocfadh is teach `till his own day would come', PBocht 50 § 35 . do-icc istech ar (i n-) comes in on, interferes with, assails: ceathrar do shliocht Éibhir | tig tar ghealladh ortha isteagh, Content. vi 88 . do bhi aon mharcach . . . ag techt astech do shíor ionnta who constantly attacked them, Rel. Celt. ii 198 . do-icc suas (le) comes up (with), overtakes (mod.): tángadar suas le cailín óg, GJ iv 94 .

III In Mid.Ir. occas. for do-beir gives (see Meyer, ZCP xii 426 ; Thurn. Hdb. xiv 421 ; IGT Verbs §§ 5 , 14 ): ticimm bulli de frissin comlaid I deal a blow with it, MacCongl. 87 . tic uball dó, 51 . tig a láim dar[a] agaid, 109 . ticc an clerech aithne fair, Cog. 92 . ? gabais Gabriel . . . co hogh-Muiri | tic sanais da Muiri, gabais 'na craidi, ACL iii 244 . tic D. a beannacht a n-ucht an duine, 321 . ferais fáilti re T. ┐ tic póc dó, Imr. Brain i 64 . gabus Eba int uball bán | tig a cert-leath dá compán, Ériu iv 114 . tiucub duib na tuaruscbail na tarbcodnach `I will give you the description', MR 184 . he dobēra commain dam, is me ficfas commain do I will give him the sacrament, Anecd. ii 30 .

IV In Mid.Ir. occas. = do-ucci understands, etc. (see do-beir): rofitamar-ni ┐ donigemm co ndernsam peccad frit-sa, LB 224a54 . gibe neach da ticfad co foirfi cercalla . . . na firmaminti, da thicfad (do tiugfed, v.l.) nādūir na firmaminti co huili, Ir. Astr. Tr. 76 . dogēn fidair . . . as a ticfither an t-eclipsis co follus, 94 .

drúcht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. drúcht or dil.ie/18844
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dructae

n u, m. n p. dructae gl. imbres, Thes. i 3.23 . IGT Decl. § 95 .

(a) dew: iccfaid d.¤ a ligi the dew of his grave, Fél. Ep. 224 . ní thíscad a d.¤ do rind ind fheóir, FB § 88 , cf. BS 14 § 12 . lir d.¤ cétamuin, RC iii 177.29 . co nd.¤ neme, FA § 30 LB. ni taudchaid banna drúchta di feór co medón lái, BDD § 66 . do nós an drúchta thuitios ar talumh, 2 Samuel xvii 12 . Cf. drucht .i. maitin no trath, O'Dav. 677 . As surety in an oath: rotbia lim . . . muir is tír, dru[ch]t is dathe, SR 3364 . rogab . . . grian ┐ esca, d.¤ ┐ daithe, Todd Nenn. 126.10 . rogab ratha grēne . . . ┐ d.¤ ┐ daithin, MR 2 = FDG 5 .

(b) Transf. of moisture resembling dew: d.¤ fola, TBC-LL¹ 4710 ; Todd Nenn. cii 21 . d.¤ a ccosmailius alluis (of death-sweat), 24 P 22, 97 . d.¤ millteach mildew , 2 Chron. vi 28 . d.¤ neimhe manna , Keat. Poems 1241 , 1293 ; d.¤ neamdha, id. 23 Q 5, 43.35 .

(c) Fig.: faeilidh mo craidhe co nd.¤ | frisna haoighedaib domriacht with refreshing, Lism. L. 3829 . d.¤ h'óige the dew of thy youth, Psalms cx 3 . For the phr. drúchta dea see 2 dea.

As n.pr. m. (in lit. only): Delt ┐ Drucht ┐ Dathen (cupbearers of Conaire Mór), BDD § 108 , cf. TBC-I¹ 1678 . Deltbanda mac Druchta dailemoin Conaire Moir, RC xv 303 ( Dinds. § 12 ), cf. Metr. Dinds. ii 60.11 , SG ii 482.33 . mac Druchta in danair, LL 137b27 = mac Druchtada, Lec. 369b24 .

Compds. ¤agaid: ball 'na drúchtadhaibh (sic) deargas (of the oppression of Ireland), 3 C 13, 711.12 . ¤ḟliuch: na ndroibhél ndruichtfhliuch wet with dew, 3 C 13, 769.1 . ¤ṡolas bright with dew, 688.8 .

etsad, estad, autsad, itsad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. etsad, estad, autsad, itsad or dil.ie/20933

 

Forms: isdadh, estadh, -aidh

n u, o, n., later m. isdadh estadh (g s. -aidh) IGT, Decl. § 11 .

(a) treasury, storehouse: fo chosmailius...daingnigther imm etsad n-infolgide about a hidden treasury (gl. ad instar thesauri abditi) Ml. 51d8 . tegdasi adamra co scrinaib...co n-itsadaibh mbrechtnaighib, Hib. Min. 7.226 (co n-istodoib, Harl.). Fig.: audsud n-ecnai amal Solmhoin a treasury of wisdom (of a saint) Trip. 62.4 . etsud n-ecnai, 256.19 . istud ecnai 482.24 . estud n-eccna, Anecd. ii 19.8 . estud ecnai, iii 42.20 . ro ḟaillsigestar a histadu uli do A. (a ṡeodu v.l.), Alex. 794 .

(b) an abode, dwelling-place, residence; retreat: Temair Luachra...iss inti atát na histoda ┐ na forgnama, LL 264b15 = MU 18.22 . istudh flatha...in cathair sin an abode of sovereignty (of Babylon) CCath. 21 . ba dúnárus adhamhra ┐ iostadh flatha dia cenél-somh an caistíall, Hugh Roe, 32.12 (f. 9a) . iostadh aoibhind airerda (of Tower of Breogan), Leb. Gab.(i) i 208.30 . léicc in cathraigh ina histudh coitchenn atraibh as a common dwelling-place between you CCath. 1669 . Parrthus talmhaidi...doberta foran n-istadh sin that abode was called the Earthly Paradise (of a palace) Marco P. 12 . leth an istudha robai ocin Féind in comfat robítis a Temraig, Acall. 5310 n. sé histudha flatha (i.e. Assyria, Media, Persia, etc.), CCath. 1 . doronad istada re broinn seilgi lais a ndiamhair in ḟeda...do boicshimnibh hunting-lodges Marco P. 49 . robatar fasaighe foda mon cathraig...gin duinti gin istada leo, 28 . inmhain tlacht a hisdadh n-úr `of its bright apartments' O'Gr. Cat. 474.17 . Fig.: dob é a esdadh do bhrú bháingheal, IGT, Decl. ex. 355 . istudha na hanma .i. áe ┐ inchinn ┐ craidhe..., CCath. 2094 . re hinnarba h'anma a cuas-istadaib do chuirp, MR 294.2 .

Cf. dligid cach tir autsad di neoch suidigthir fris every territory should have [i.e. provide] an abode Laws iv 188.11 . autsa[d] .i. aiti soidh ut est cidh forsa suighedh techta cana tafuinn do autsudhaibh thuaithe .i. aite soidh nó aitib na mbritheman, O'Dav. 101 . etsad .i. eitsoad, O'Mulc. 459 . COMPD. istad-loc place of treasure, treasury: dabach humai, istudloc, SR 4198 . ní thalla ar mataidecht ar ndís isin istadluc-sa `in this treasure-house' (humorously of the stomach) MacCongl. 101.16 = LB 219a72 . istu[d]loc toghaidhi do ecna Dé (of a saint), BColm. 104.26 .

fáelda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fáelda or dil.ie/21014

 

adj (2 fáel) io-iā wolfish: craidhe f.¤ , Anecd. ii 78.20 .

1 is

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 is or dil.ie/29104
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: nídam, nída, atar, atin, ammi, bem, be, combin, is, am, im, isam, isim, sam, isam, am, isam, nidha, nis, indat, n-iat, cenita, coich, citné, cisné, cis, manid, minad, minid, munid, minap, munab, béso, bésu, gon, gion, indid, inid, inad, ina, 'nar, díand, díanid, díanad, dían, díanda, dían(d)at, dána, dán, darab, bad, ba, ba, badat, ba, -bo, -p, -b, cid, -rop, -rup, -rub, ropond, ce, cía, cit, cía, ce, bed, bad, pad, bud, ba-da-, bádam, ma, matis, diambtís, bé, biam, bum, bid, bith, beith, bed, bud, -pa, -ba, nípa-dn-aidrech, -ba, -pa, -bo, -po, -bu, -pu, -b, -bad, -bud, bit, be(i)t, bat, biat, bidat, -rsam, -rbam, -bi, ropsa, rupsa, ropsat, robsat, ropat, robat, ropot, ropdat, -rbsat, -rsat, -rsa, -rbat, nārsat, ba, bu, bo, be, fa, fá, fo, bad, bud, ba-id-n-, fa, fá, -pu, -bu, -po, -bo, -p, nip, nipu, -rbu, -rpu, -rpo, -rbo, rba, -rob, -rb, -ra, -r, -rsa(t), -rso, -rsa, -rsad, rsam, -rsat, -rbtar, -rptar, -rtar, -rbat, -rpsat, -rsat, -psat, -bsat, -psatar, gomsad

v copula (see Strachan, Substantive Verb in O.Ir. Glosses ( Phil. Soc. Trans. 1899 ); Ó Máille, Verbs of Existence in Irish; Dillon, Nominal Predicates in Irish ( ZCP xvi , xvii ) ; GOI § 814 ff. ; Ó Nolan Studies in Mod. Ir.).

USAGE.

The copula is alway unstressed and proclitic. The normal order of words is vb.+pred.+subj., e.g. is cele dae in fer hisin, Ml. 30c3 . is bésad inna flatho doem et dofich (i.e. to protect and to avenge is a princely custom), Wb. 9d2 . Prec. by asyntactic nom.: fáilte cáich bad fáilte dúib-si, Wb. 5d24 . mad i n-aeclis tra in choss is hé óis achtáil `if then it be in the church, the foot is the practical folk,' 12a23 . Frequ. in verse: Illand mac Scanlain is marb, Anecd. i 12.24 . andar la fer bis a cein | Inber Cindbera is reid, 15.1 . a comrádh bind nocho brég, 35 § 81. An inversion of the usual order (see Ó Máille, op. cit. p. 74) occurs in: nī bu ṡanctBrigit ṡúanach (v.l. sanctbrigit suanach) `Saint B. was not drowsy,' Hy. v 21 (see GOI p. 476 and n. 168 ). is tria chin mban | bit fernai fer dlochtai, LU 8430 (FB, rhetoric). Common in rel. sentences in Fél.: mórṡlúag A. | dia mbu Demon dubach `from whom the Devil was sorrowful,' Fél. April 2 . súi diand Ériu inmall, Sept. 10. manach | asa díthrub dubach `whose hermitage is gloomy,' Prol. 98 (but: S. | ata soilsi slechtae, Sept. 7. Carissim ... | asa rúamdae relic, Ap. 16 ). Where the predicate is a compound phrase the subject is introduced into the middle of it (Strachan, op. cit. p. 49.30), e.g. is irlam ind anim do thuil Dée, Wb. 5c18 . nirbu samlaid són doibsom, Ml. 90c27 . nibo mór a mbríg linn, Wb. 18d10 .

In O.Ir. when the subject of the copula was a personal pronoun it was, as in other verbs, implicit in the verbal form: am irlam, Wb. 13c8 . at fechem dom, 32a21 . combed adultera `so that she should be a.', 3c9 . nirbu choimdiu `he had not been a lord,' 33a5 . bad carthi `let him be loved,' Sg. 148a2 . nítat ainmnidi `they are not nominatives,' 189a10 . amal bemmis bibdaid, Ml. 114d4 . It was frequently strengthened by a pronominal particle suffixed to the pred. not necessarily to express emphasis, nor to distinguish between persons: niba dimicthe-se libsi `I should not be despised by you,' Wb. 21d3 (but: nida apstal apstil `I am not an apostle's apostle,' 18c1 ). massu rath-som, 5a30 . ciasu i colinn am béo-sa, 19a20 . it firian-su, Ml. 55d11 . ammi cland-ni doib-som, 101d9 . ropsa huallach-sa, 49b12 (cf. GOI § 811 ). nimda scál-sa ┐ nimda aurdrach, ZCP xiii 373.11 .

The logical pred. of the copula may be (a) an adjective ; (b) a prepositional phrase; (c) an adverb; (d) a pronoun ; (e) the substantival demonstrative í; (f) the subject of a relative verb; (g) a clause introduced by as n- `that it is' ; (h) a substantive.

At all periods of the language the predicates (a), (b), (c) and (d) immediately followed the copula.

(a) In O.Ir. the general rule was that the predicative adj. agreed with the subj. of the copula in gender and number (see Dillon, op. cit., for development from O.Ir., of which he cites as type: it moírb in boill sin, Wb. 11d11 , to Mod. Ir.: is mór iatt, is saidhbir na tírtha so, Maund. § 138 , §227 ).

(b) amal as o spirut, Wb. 15b7 . ciaba beo bid do precept anme Crist, 23b29 . is occ maid atáa, 6a18 . condib tria n-uile mbethaid ón, Tur. 71. is fria binn aníar atá t'esérge, Thes. ii 242.3 (Ardm.). is airi asbersom ..., Ml. 126c10 . cid tre étged rop othar, Críth G. 61. nochon ara omun cena, TBC-I¹ 2364. gonadh uime sin adeir I.¤ ..., TSh. 4816.

(c) níp and nob irpaid, Wb. 8b2 . hóre is amne atáa, 12d7 . is samlith is comadas dúun ..., Thes. ii 246.3 (Cam.).

(d) mad hé á luum, Wb. 4a14 . bad hé for n-ere `let Him be your burden,' 9d12 . rupu sí a rreilic, 33a22 . is tú is diliu limsa diib, IT iii 83 § 69. ionnus gomadh é féin bud ughdar réna bheathaidh, TSh. 3406.

When the logical predicate of the copula was either (e) the substantival demonstrative í or (f) the antecedent of a relative verb, or (g) a clause introduced by as n- `that it is' a pronoun was introduced immediately after the copula to act as grammatical predicate while the logical predicate stood in apposition to this pronoun.

(e) matu hé ata horpamin indí rochomalnisset recht, Wb. 2c14 . bit hé magistir dongegat indhí asindisset a tola féisne dóib, 30d8 . it hé in toirthi amal sodin inna hí adfiadatar hi testimnib file isint salm anuas, Ml. 46c14 .

(f) is hé didiu in tecttaire maith condaig indocbáil dia thigerni the good envoy is he who seeks his lord's glory, Wb. 8d20 . it hé inimici lessom qui fraudant et qui iniuriam faciunt , 9c25 . it hé gními epscuip asmbeir sís the works of a bishop are the things he mentions below, 28b20 . is he in firfindbathach no in firion atcobra na huile beatusa the truly blessed ... is he who desires all the blessings, Hib. Min. 429.

(g) is ed asberat ind heretic as laigiu deacht maicc indaas deacht athar, Ml. 17c7 . ni ed a met as n-etarcnad dun `not only that it is known to us,' 138a12 . is ed asberat as ndu deacht ... rogabad in salm so, 24d29 . is ed adfet a legend as ndath glas roboi forsind sléib fo chosmailius saphirr, Ml. 84d4 .

(h) With indef. noun as pred.: condib dídnad domsa foirbthetu hirisse dúibsi, Wb. 1b1 . combad notire rod-scribad cosse, 27d16 . mástat carait ... mastat námait, LU 9090 - 1 . níor ghníomh meirbh, DDána 91 § 24.

With def. noun as pred.: in O.Ir. and early Mid. Ir. a definite substantive can immediately follow the copula. Even in O.Ir. however a pronoun is frequently introduced immediately after the copula as grammatical predicate, the logical predicate standing in apposition (cf. (e), (f) and (g) above). This is the normal construction in the later language: ni a doenacht fesine ru-da-n-ordan `not his own Manhood has dignified Him,' Wb. 33c5 . ni in cholinn donatháira acht is a n-accobor, 3d3 . is athir-som innaní techte foirbthetith `he is the father of them that possess perfection,' 2c11 . mad Ānlūan no-beth is'taig, ScM. § 16.8 . is Duid a oenar rochachain inna psalmu, Hib. Min. 134.

With pronoun: bit hé na precepta cétni no pridchob doib, Wb. 17b20 . is hed a trede sin foloing, 29d17 . is hé in peccad rogéni a n-uile comaccobor, 3c25 .

After the introduction of the pronoun, the normal order of the sentence seems to be that in which the predicate follows the pronoun but this order does not appear to be fixed and the predicate may be put at the end either for emphasis or for the better balance of the sentence, e.g. a predicate which is the antecedent of a relative verb is most usually placed after the subject. Predicate and subject can only be distinguished by means of the context and the distinction, it would seem, is by no means as clear-cut in Irish as in other languages.

Predicate immediately following pronoun: ní ceilsom tra as n-é Crist in lie, Wb. 4d16 . issí ind ainim as airlam do chomalnad recto Dé ní in corpp, 3d11 . measaim gurab é an bás, an marcach úd, TSh. 37.

Subject following pronoun: mate nama anfolaid in cele falla frithgnama `if neglect of service was the only disqualification of the tenant,' Laws ii 324.6 . ar is he besad felsub etarcert di dúlib et saigid forru et nebchretem a n-adiadar di crist, Wb. 27a10 . it he caeli la suide ind apstail soscelae, Ml. 42b7 . is ed mind n-aingel Crist mac Dé, LU 944. measaim ... gurab í an chathair úd Ierusalem an domhan, TSh. 708.

In O.Ir. where the subject of the copula was a pronoun of the 1st or 2nd person, it required no other expression with an indef. pred. than that supplied by the 1st or 2nd person of the copula: at macc ríg, Trip.² 970. itib ingena ríg talman, 1138 . am dún díthogail, IT iii 53.26 .

Cf. Mid. Ir.: is descipul ... tu-su, PH 2768. conid mog De thú, 510 . is gadaige thu, 7781 . is clann én athar ┐ én máthar sind, 7501 .

With def. pred. the usage in O.Ir. is not certain (? at lūam in gaiscid grind (but: v.l. at tualaing gaiscid grind), Bruchst. 12 § 20 ). In the saga literature the normal expression is: Setanta ... atomchomnaicse, LU 4892. Rí Alban atomchomnaicse, RC xiii 446 § 31.

Cf. Mid. Ir.: is me Oengus céle Dé, SR 8009. ni thu Issau semnach na slóg | acht is tú int engach Iacób, 2876 . is mesi Ísu mac Dé, PH 3732. misse Marcellinus, comorba Petair, 612 (but cf. Tuan mac Cairill mesi, LU 1219 ).

At all periods of the language the expression of the copula in the 3rd persons was not obligatory at the head of a principal sentence: alind á óiph in forcitil, nemnech immurgu a inne, Wb. 7c1 . faelid-sem ... | os me chene am faelid, Thes. ii 293 § 6 ( SP II ). cride hē, | ... | ōcān ē, Bruchst. 69 § 160. ili insi Mod | ... | liä dāma Domnaill, 9 § 12 . Aed Ailig, inmain lim hé, ACL iii 304 § 1. Andreas ard a ordan, Fél. Feb. 6. glē la cāch immorro ba for teithed luid C. remiseom, TBC-I¹ 1260. móra a molta, Gorm. March 5. Fer Loga mo lennān-sa, ScM. § 20.12 . gnáth tromthóir dhoirbh 'na dheaghaidh, DDána 85 § 30. ionann sin ré a rádh ..., TSh. 2826.

SPECIAL USES.

In periphrasis (see Strachan, op. cit. p. 49): nitat huili robtar uilcc filii Israhel `all f. I. have not been evil,' Wb. 11a23 . is do immarchor chóre dotíagat ind fir so, 5a5 .

Elliptical: demes .i. mess dēde and, ūair it dá scín lais there are two blades ..., Corm. Y 438. is dos didiu isin blīadain tānaisi in fochlac .i. it ceitheora duillne fair, 423 . nī ba comairle aile acht a c[h]rochad, MacCongl. 19.4 .

Manibad were it not for , etc. with follg. accus.: mainbad éicin, Wb. 4a20 . manipad taschidetaid ind metir, Ml. 136c2 . manibad trocairi ndáe, 111b28 . manipad do chrúass, Trip.² 1370. menbad bíth einig F., TBC-LL¹ 1855. Later replaced by subst. vb.: meni beth in clessín ingantach, 2063 . ropsar marba ... | meni beth Find, RC vii 302.183 .

To express an obligation: praind do tomailt la marb hi tig ... is a hurcul `to eat a meal with a dead man in the house is forbidden,' Mon. Tall. 153.4 . ma dorat(d)a forcraid ngill is lóg a enech ... do aisiuc, Críth G. 288. ma ro-achtaigh comain airithi ina setaib, is a beth do, ┐ masa comain do rer dligid roachtaigh, is a beth air `soll es ihm werden ... soll er es bekommen,' Cóic Con. RE § 13.106 .

On sentences of the type ceso femmuin mbolgaig mbung, see Bergin, Ériu xii 197 ff .

Confusion between copula and subst. vb.: gérbho soicenelach hé iar ccolainn ro bai soichenelcha iar menmain, RC xxv 390 § 3 (? or read ro ba). dogniind ... airchisecht dib, mar no-béind athair doib `as though I had been their father,' PH 6107. Frequ. in ACC: boe (bui, bái, boi, v.ll.) sab suithe cech dind .i. ro bo sab daingen no soad cech ndimus, RC xx 168 § 26. boe saegul sneid .i. suail nó bec nó garit a saegul, § 24. boe seim sáth, § 25. boe dind oc libur leigdocht, § 27.

FORMS

(a) from O. Ir. glosses and texts in Thes. Pal. (for further exx. from O. Ir. glosses see Strachan, loc. cit.). (b) from other texts.

In Mid. Ir. the forms of the copula in the 1st and 2nd sg. and in all persons of the pl. fell to a great extent into disuse, their place being taken by the 3rd sg., of the tense required with a pron., corresponding in form to the O.Ir. infixed pron. or to the poss. pron. of the person and number to be expressed, infixed between it and the following predicate. Occasionally the inf. pron. was added to forms other than sg. 3, e.g. nídam for nída (s. 1), atar, atin (pl. 3+ inf. pron. pl. 1) for ammi, bem for be (fut. s. 1). These forms while at first used impersonally as already occurred in O. Ir., e.g. issum ēcen, Wb. 10d24 , isat dílmain-siu, Ml. 55d21 , diandam thísed mucc ḟonaithe robad-am béo, Stories from Táin 5.16 , later came to be felt as simply the copula, as is shown when plural forms are folld. by pl. adjj., e.g. nibar troig, SR 3641 , gurdar síthaig, Hib. Min. 82.23 , acht co mbadar maithe díblínaib, TBC-LL¹ 35 ; and by such instances as: gidar comaltai, ib. 3680 . ropdhar fir chomdeirgide, ib. 3535 . As it is not always possible to discover whether a particular writer regarded this combination of copula + inf. pron. as such or as copula only, all such examples have been grouped together, so that, for instance, all the forms under subj. past s. 1 below should be taken not necessarily as being, to the mind of the writer, that particular form but rather as being his way of expressing what would in O. Ir. be expressed by combin, etc.

Examples of the 1st and 2nd persons are found both in Classical verse and in Early Mod. Ir. prose but the more commonly occurring forms are those of the 3rd sg., number and person being expressed by independent pronouns: is ort iarraim gidh óg thú, DDána 67 § 3. is fearr mé iná thú, IGT Introd. 22 § 90. t'fhearg, a rí, ... | re searg dí bu fhearr inn-ne, DDána 10 § 22. ag an druing ... rénar milis briathra borba, TSh. 1568. do bhríogh nach cumhachtach sinn féin ris aní se, 30 . is beannuighthe sibhse, 5669 . do bhríogh gurbh fheasach thú gurbh amadán mé, 9638 .

Indic. pres.

A. Absolute

s. 1

(a) am: am tualang dano a hétarcerta, Wb. 12d22 . is airi am cimbid-se, 27c22 .

(b) am, im, isam, isim, sam: am senóir ┐ am lobur, Trip.² 2045. am caemsa ... am maccam, TBC-I¹ 583 - 4 . amm eolach, TBC-LL¹ 1750. uair am aithrech, SR 7824. (cf. isam aithrech, 7789 ). im fáilid, Ériu v 224.73 . as me Ulltán ... im fili, im faidh, BNnÉ 257 § 214. From early in Mid. Ir. period the form isam (<is s. 3+ inf. pron. s. 1) occurs, side by side with am. In follg. exx. it must already have been understood as s. 1: uair isam bensa curad caín, LU 8440 (FB). issam ingen ríg, TBFr. 163 = im, ZCP iv 38.11 . asam senoir, CCath. 5495. issim meabrach, Acall. 3115. orsam (=ór isam) heolach, SR 1786. sam crochta gan cionadh réil, Ó Bruad. ii 132.11 .

s. 2

(a) at, it: at fechem dom, Wb. 32a21 . air it firian-su, Ml. 55d11 .

(b) at, it, ot, isat, asat: at meirb, Fél. July 19 . at ferr do lāech indó-sa, ScM. § 16.8 . fobīth ad ōegi, TBC-I¹ 507 (YBL) = dáig ot áegi, LU 4996. it gilla co ngicil, TBC-I¹ 2667. id file, Content. iv 2. isat lac, Bruchst. 30 § 67. isatt áil-siu dam-sa, SCC 739 . isit aneōlach, MacCongl. 122.9 . isat duni dána, TBC-LL¹ 3057. asat tretholl-sa, TBC-I¹ 3632.

s. 3

(a) is, rel. as`: is samlith is comadas dúun, Thes. ii 246.3 (Camb.). is hé céetne fer ceta-ru-chreti, Wb. 7b11 . is ferr ainm do denom de, Sg. 26b5 . is cele dae in fer hisin, Ml. 30c3 . Freq. written iss before vowels: iss uisse, Wb. 22c21 . iss i rráe choir immumruidbed, 23d30 . iss ed inso nád chumaing, Sg. 209b13 . Freq. written together with a follg. initial s, one s falling out: isuáichnid, Wb. 23d30 . isamlaid, Thes. ii 11.40 (Bcr.). rel. brothchán as chóir duib, Wb. 33c15 . as choimtig, Sg. 54b8 .

(b) is(s), as, us, es, rel. as`, is` (it is not clear when lenition ceased to be used after the cop. used relatively. It is less often marked than not in TBC, see Ériu xiv 90 , 93 , 94 ): is túath oirdnither ríi[g], Críth G. 493. is toirthech int inber, Trip.² 370. is gabtha na eich ┐ iss innilti in carpat, MU² 49. is cosmhail Samson ┐ an bás, TSh. 763. iss a miad neich dogniat mancuine, BCrólige § 50. iss messe rorecsabair, SR 3636. i[s] slān in fear, Laws iii 156.5 . isaer ém domrimgartsa, LU 10307. as iat na fir[a] fola no saraigthe, Cóic Con. H § 59. in ti do beir ... as e do ron, Laws iv 32.19 . as do hIddomdaib do, PH 6946. In TSh. `both abs. and rel. are written as in MSS.,' TSh. Introd. xx n. 3 . es dilmain, Anecd. iii 23.5 . es coitcend, ib. 2 . essed dobeir ..., 26.24 . es bec trá ná comráncatar inn a mméur ocus a coss, CMT² 58 § 132 . es de boí inn nem-sin fuirri(r), CMT² 60 § 133 . ar us aire isperar ..., Laws i 264.7 . ar us merle cach n-indligiudh, ii 70.25 . Somet. the vowel of IS is dropped: ┐ síad bhīos ag coimhēad, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1341. rel. as chóir, Mon. Tall. 146.27 . as chórus, Críth G. 223. a n-us tol lat-su, MacCongl. 33.9 . ? With class C inf. pron.: forband ... as-dom moo airli, Echtrae Chonnlai 121 § 6 . After constructions which take rel. n- the predicate of the copula is eclipsed (where the first word of the predicate is unstressed the usage varies): do thaidbsiu as n-iress nóibas, Wb. 19b14 . as ndia side gl. doceo, 13a18 . as n-é tairrchet, 6d6 . as ndirruidigthe a n-animm-sin, Sg. 56b10 . as ndí Assaraib ... rogabad in salm-sa, Ml. 35a10 . asberat as ndu deacht ... rogabad, 24d29 (but cf. adciam ... as ar chenél cruche adrímther ..., Thes. ii 246.25 (Camb.)). amail is n-adētchide in flesc, Corm. Y 606.8 . In Mid. Ir. rel. n- dropped out: uair ... as inann nadúir don duine ┐ ..., PH 7433. amail as diaisneisi in Coimdi, Ériu ii 144 § 159. in tan is indligthech iat, Cóic Con. H § 14. amail as crom craobh fo chnoibh, BS 54.15 . Very early the non-rel. form IS is used for rel. and vice versa, see above: cía dit maccaib is diliu latt ?, Trip.² 1774. mer is laugu, Corm. Y 809. is ed is chonar fugill ann ..., Cóic Con. RE § 24. intí is cosmail do Dia, PH 6266. ní íar chána is ḟairbrígh d'ḟir, IGT Decl. ex. 980.

pl. 1

(a) ammi, ammin, immi: ammi techtiri árt-phersine, Wb. 24d9 . ammi irlaim ... do dul martre, 4b21 . amminn imdibatai-ni ┐ ammin dilachtai, Ml. 83c3 . airmi (leg. airimmi, Ed.) ardu-ni, 23d23 .

(b) ammin, ar, dar, atar, isar, atin: is olc ar mblāth amin gorti, TBC-I¹ 1614. amin mairb, BDD² 330. ar troig ... dot' impartain we are wretched, SR 1482. ar n-idain fiad testaib Dé, 3583 . fortgellam Dia ... dar slana on chinaid-se, 3612 . cid einech rígh rontidnaic | atar dimdaig ..., Hib. Min. p. 82.x . isar scítha énirti, CCath. 2562. `atin budig de' ar an oicc, Anecd. i 5.18 (cf. batin aithrig, Ériu i 68 § 3 ).

pl. 2

(a) adib, idib, adi: adib cland Abrache, Wb. 19c20 . adib oís muntire, 21c4 . adi mmaicc, 9a13 . hóre adi ellachti, 21c17 . ar idib maithi, 16b9 .

(b) itib, at(a)bar, atfor: ár itib ingena ríg, Trip.² 1138. itib lía andú, BDD² 412 (= dáig abtar (leg. atbar) lia andúsa, LU 6870 ). ┐ itib degdoene, LL 281b28 . atabair ecen, LU 8097 (FB). is dásacht a ndognithi-si ┐ atbar dásachtaig fen, LB 212a10 . atabar glana-si, PH 5262. 5264 . apraid fris at for n-aithrig do debaid fris, Cymmr. xiv 118.11 ( Rawl. 132b29 ).

pl. 3

(a) it, at (once only in non-rel. sense), rel. ata`, at, et: it carit domsa, Wb. 5c7 . it dássactig, 12d36 . it coitchena, Sg. 10a1 . air at cuidi tirmaidi sidi, Ml. 123d3 . rel. in mairb ata thestis, Wb. 30a11 . it sib ata chomarpi, 19c20 . do retaib ata chosmaili fri fír, Ml. 51b8 . it hesidi at inbésa, 45d1 . it hé sidi et inbéso, 27a9 . confitetar són ata ndoini, 91c18 .

(b) it, at, isat, isid, rel. ata`, at: at remra na loeg ┐ it buidig na hoegid, Hy. v 25 Comm. it é inso trá gníma bóairech, Críth G. 183. it móra, Trip.² 1291. isat úathe dó ilib, 3096 . it cadlai dí ingein A., Fél. Dec. 9. at bidbaid, IT iii 502 § 10. isat bána, 514 § 7. hit imṡláin, SR 194. at mora, 3625 . id mesa indád demno, Anecd. iii 27.4 . at aena `these are of one day,' Laws i 156.y . at móra glonna Medbi, TBC-I¹ 1668. it cāema, 583 . cf. is mōra na comada' ... `isad mōra,' 2233 - 4 . i n-ifern isid bronaigh, Anecd. iii 55.29 (Síaburcharpat) = at brónaig, LU 9462. at cotarsnai, PH 711. isat lána, 5870 . rel. it é ata érlama, Trip.² 1539. amuis ata chórai, Críth G. 578. dí gérait at glainiu, Fél. May 7. saire ada lugu, Laws v 102.6 . laích ata dech, BDD² 757. adad dech, 1159 . seoit ... ad adhailge daib, Anecd. ii 53.3 . áos ata etromae cinaith `whose sins are lighter,' Mon. Tall. 158.7 . dāine ata maige imarīadam `on whose plains we would drive about,' Otia i 122 § 4.

B. Conjunct.

I Neg.

s. 1

(a) níta`, nída`: nita chumme-se friu-som, Wb. 20c25 . nida apstal apstil, 18c1 . sech níta aidlicen, Ml. 70b7 .

(b) nída`, nídam, nídom, nímda, ním, níam, níom, níum: nída choimsech mu ṡoíre, Trip.² 2976. nida (nidu, v.l.) dīr dermait it is not fitting for me to forget, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 16 § 1. nidha bheo-sa, TBC-LL¹ 6080 (fut. sense). nīdam macc, TBC-I¹ 645 (= nimda, LU 5129 ). nīdom sāitheach, TBC-I¹ 507 (= nimda, LU 4996 ). nīm láech cen lāmach, TBC-I¹ 2260. nidam dermatach, LU 10286. nidam snímach, SR 2382. nim dana, 2069 . nimda scál-sa ┐ nimda aurdrach, ZCP xiii 373.11 . nidom athair do duiniu, viii 561 § 2 . ni dam ben-sa fós do, Caithr. CC § 93. nida Christadi, Irish Texts i 2 § 4 . nidom chuchtach, BS 30.1 . níom tualaing suan, TSh. 2144. ní um claoidhte re a gcionnluas (ní um chl., v.l.), Ó Bruad. ii 138.6 .

s. 2

(a) No occurrence.

(b) nída, nídad, nídat, nít: nida tūalaing mo ergairi, Ériu i 116 § 6. nidad dichumaing, Anecd. i 11.13 . nít marbdae for tercphit, Fél. Sept. 8. nīt mess methchrainn, Bruchst. 17 § 33. nít firlaech-su, TBC-LL¹ 1343. nidat doss ós duss, 3460 . nidat mac-sa, FDG 718.

s. 3

(a) ní (geminates the follg. consonant, e.g. is rad dáe ... ni mmarilliud `(it is) not my merit,' Wb. 21c20 ): ní cuman lim, Wb. 8a3 . ní cuit broto acht is dugrés, Ml. 32c10 .

(b) ní (a form nís occurs once in ACC and may possibly be archaic: hua Airt nís Neill co nert `not with N.'s strength is he,' RC xx 406 § 128 ): ní rí Caisil co rón-ordnea, Trip.² 2302. ní tiamdae tim-som, Fél. Prol. 259. ni cosmail smachta cacha raithe, Laws iv 78.4 . ní segda, LU 1655. ni fír, PH 2715. ní críonna an tí nach tuigeann, DDána 35 § 2. ní hiongnadh an meas soin do bheith ..., TSh. 243. The follg. exx. from TBC show lenition after ní but they may be scribal errors: ní ḟlaith Ulad nod chosna, 2788 . ní ḟurusa, 3050 . In Mod. Ir. ní prefixes h to a fully-stressed word but not to a proclitic: ní ag cnúasach bó am theagh atá, Éigse iii 168 § 9 (and see note). With inf. pron.: nímdil cid dīthrub Temair (glossed: ní hinmain lem T. cid fas), Hy. ii 44. ním-nert acht mac Dé I have no strength but ..., LL 133b8 . nin-fissid frisbered omnu huain `not to us is the Knower who used to avert fears from us,' RC xx 164 § 16 (ACC). nin forcetlaid, ib. § 18.

pl. 1

(a) nítam`, nítan`, nídan`: nitam toirsich (sic leg., Ed.) gl. non angustiamur, Wb. 15b21 (a prima manu). nidan chumachtig for n-irisse, 14c41 . nidan chosmili, 14d37 . ar nitan reprobi-ni, 18b9 .

(b) nidar: nidar n-idain, SR 3626. nidar glain, 1609 .

pl. 2

(a) nítad, nídad (see OIPG p. 66 n. ): nitad lib fésin `ye are not your own', Wb. 9d11 . nidad óegid, 21b14 . 14a8 . ar nídad ferr-si, 8c7 .

(b) nibar, nifor: nibar troig, SR 3641. ni for gliccu ... inda oen na n-ánmanna, 1235 . is tróg niforn-intliuchtach (? leg. -aig), 1238 .

pl. 3

(a) nítat, nítaat, nídat, nít, nis: nitat cosnama domundi, Wb. 7d12 . ar nitaat cosmuli, 9b17 . nídat chummai, Ml. 115b3 . nit derachti, 128d1 .

(b) nídat calaid, Fél. Jan. 17. nít mórdai fria ngudi, March 1. nītad tabartha, TBC-I¹ 2856. nídat námait, LU 8264. nidat glain, SR 7996. nidad tlaithi, 1571 . nidat carpait, MU² 374. nit righ os ro-chathaib, LL 386a18 . nīdat cuibde, MacCongl. 7.16 . In ZCP xx 371 f. , Thurneysen gives the follg. exx. of a 3 pl. form, nis, occurring in Law texts: acht nis cosmailsi comarba[i] `aber Erben sind nicht von Gleichheit,' Laws iii 42.25 . atait tri comurba la Feine, nis comsaer a cuir, 46.18 . nis dilsi acht a tri, ZCP xiii 21.17 . nis cuir bel dilsi, xii 365.1 . nis maithi dam log n-aisi, logh sinsire, log fognama, ib. 8 .

II With dependent negatives:

(a) nád who (or which) is not, that (it) is not (see s.v. 1 nád, 2 nád, 3 nád and Strachan, loc. cit. l. 1007 ff.).

(b) nant, nan that (it) is not (see s.v. nan and Subst. Vb. l. 1011 ff .).

(c) nách that (it) is not (see s.v. 3 nach, 4 nach and Subst. Vb. l. 1018 ff. ). For nícon, noco, nochon, etc., see s.v. nícon.

III With interrog. particle in-:

s. 1

(a) inda: inda apstal `am I an apostle ?,' Wb. 10c20 .

(b) ? anom (=indom) adbar gascedaig, Ériu xiv 89.2175 (= TBC-LL¹ 1186 ).

s. 2

(a) No instances.

(b) indat: indat creitmech, Trip.² 917. indat ómnach ?, Lat. Lives 90.0 . indot eolac[h], CCath. 2883. indat sochenel, PH 695.

s. 3 For both (a) and (b) the interrog. particle alone is used, i.e. in (later an) :

(a) in cuntubart lib inso, Wb. 3c3 . in ed fodera báas domsa, 3c33 .

(b) inn a síthib in do déib dúib ?, Trip.² 1114. co fessur ... in he [Is]sau no inne Iacob, SR 2884. an beó do thigerna ?, BDD² 1519.

pl. 3

(a) indat: indat mbriathra ? `is it the words ?,' Ml. 44b9 (cf. sechitat n-é (sic MS.), V below).

(b) indat: nocon fetarsa indat ilgnae do-chuirither in folt fair fo indat trí fuilt failet fair, BDD² 1125 - 6 . indat facsi don purt are they near ...?, LU 1873 (ICM). indat pettai sút no indat éoin chena, TBC-LL¹ 1328. Later the interrog. particle without pl. suffix is used also for pl.: co findara in n-iat tanic, PH 440.

IV With neg. interrog.

s. 2 (a) cenita: cenita chumgabtha-siu `art Thou not exalted ?' Ml. 84c3 .

s. 3

(a) cani, cini: cani doich, Wb. 5b35 . cani messe immoforling cretim dúibsi, 10c18 . cani mebuir lib, 20a5 . cini glé lib ..., 12d4 . cini inonn, 18a16 . caní románda .ó., Sg. 49b23 .

(b) cani: Ōengus do guin ... cani ōin do decraib Dē ?, Bruchst. 50 § 110 .

These forms were early replaced by nách q.v. s.v. 5 nach (nách).

Interrogative sentences containing cía, cid who, what (is). etc.

(i) The copula is not expressed after cía but that it is implied is clear from the follg. rel.: cinuid mic n-altrumu, cia forsa tiagat ?, Laws ii 178.3 . cia roblaiss bethaid ┐ na faicfe éc (qui vivit ┐ non videbit mortem), LL 281a32 . cia tir ass as[s]am lat do thabairt dúinne, ZCP viii 318.33 . gá cara don uile as fhearr, A. Ó Dálaigh xv 5. cia in fear sin ?, Anecd. ii 9.22 . cía can duib ?, Trip.² 1113. In gen.: coich úainn hí ? to which of us will it belong ?, 811 . íarfaigset dó ... cúich he, LU 1838. With verbal ending added: cóichet na heich se ?, 8522 (FB).

(ii) cid (see Thurneysen, GOI § 466 ): cid as dénti frisin, Wb. 12d41 . cid as maith, 12d12 . ní tucthar cid frissa-sennar, 12c46 . cid is conair ... is sed is conair ..., Cóic Con. H § 138. cid ara n- why ? : cid ara ndéntar pecthach díim, Wb. 2a10 . cid ara cuinchi-siu sein ?, Thes. ii 307.12 ( Hy. ii Introd. ). cid ara n-eipenar ?, Laws ii 194.2 . cid ara cuirther do trise ina lesa so ?, i 236.9 . cid how ? cid na déccaid uili how do not ye all see, Fél. Prol. 201. cid ēcōru mo beithse and anās ..., TBC-I¹ 2224.

pl. 3 citné (`gekürzt aus ci ata n-é ,' Thurn., ZCP xx 372 ): assindet sunt tra citné cumacte diandid cóir in fognam `what are the powers unto which the service is proper,' Wb. 6a9 . citné briathra robatar `what were the words ?,' Ml. 61b7 . citné robatar `what were they,' ib. 8 . citne a nanmand na soerbard (caidet, v.l.), IT iii 5.8 . ceitni trī seōit fūair C. ?, ZCP xiii 5 § 19. citni rig ... robatar' sind amsir sin ?, SR 2347. The corresponding form in the Laws is cisné: cisne lesa do na ibh sen tascnat treise `what cases of these extend to three days ?,' Laws i 230.21 . cisne tri biada na tuillead leaptha na hapta, v 438.14 . cisne trí ana soitcedach `what are the three wealths ...,' Triads 239. Sometimes cis immediately precedes the noun : cis formmenn écndaircc doslíat dílsi ?, ZCP xii 366.25 . cis ndíthle do trebaib na tuillet dire ?, 26 . cis forcsen fola la Fēne ?, BCrólige § 65. cis lir how many: cis lir congellait for tresi, Laws i 230.3 . cis lir lanamna docuisin la feine ?, ii 344.1 . cis lir chuir dochuisin ?, iii 4.5 . cis lir fodlai filet forsin mbairdne ?, IT iii 6.13 . cf. cit lir fodlai ..., ib. 20 .

V With various conjunctions.

(i) cía, cé, ci although, that.

s. 1

(a) No instance.

(b) ciam, cidam : ciam toebnocht, SR 1540. cid am laech-sa, TBC-LL¹ 1677. misi gedam foidhidech, ZCP xii 393 § 10. gidh im c[h]rochbán-sa, BS 138.y . giodh am midhiongmhala, Parrth. Anma 333.18 .

s. 2

(a) No instance.

(b) cíasa, cidat : cíasa lobur, no rega, Trip.² 1282. cidat fír-Dhia ... ro-gabais colaind ndoenda, PH 163.

s. 3

(a) césu, céso, cíasu, cíaso, cíasa : cesu threde in tummud, Wb. 21d13 . ciaso ḟolud ... sluindes, Sg. 211b7 .

(b) césu, céso, cíasa, cid, gid : césu réid ar lebrán, Fél. Ep. 133. ciasa (ceso, v.l.) femmain [m]bolgaigh [m]bung (see Ériu xii 197 ), Corm. Y 1059.64 . ciasa díthrub, Metr. Dinds. iv 42.2 . ciodh olc an bás nádúrtha, TSh. 987. gidh ionann atá ..., 2900 .

pl. 1

(a) No instance.

(b) cíammin, gidar : cíammin bí, BDD² 329. gidar comaltai, TBC-LL¹ 3680

pl. 2

(a) cenuded', cenotad' : cenuded issidi (=ḟissidi) `although ye are knowing,' Thes. i 713.25 (Tur. Cod.). cenotad maic-si raith, Wb. 33b8 . cenutad suíre, 4a10 .

pl. 3

(a) cetu', ceto' : cetu chummascthai, Sg. 62a2 . ceto écintecha, 203b10 .

(b) ciato', cetu', ciat, cidat : ciato chomṡruithi, Críth G. 493. cetu cummai a feba, Bruchst. 39 § 94. cíat ísliu fíad dáinib ... bit áird, Fél. Prol. 153. cidhat (cit, v.l.) ili fuile, Corm. Y 975.39 . srotha in dithruib ... ciat serba slassa, SR 4071. cidat mora, 446 . cidad mōra, TBC-I¹ 2235. ceat olca, ZCP vii 269 § 17. Ériu ii 122 § 63.

cía + neg. s. 3

(a) cinid, cenid : cinidlúith (=cinid dlúith) lib, Wb. 12b9 . cinith mút, Sg. 5b4 . cenid ed, Ml. 85b11 .

(b) cenid, cini : cenid mé in murgelt, LU 3022 (H). cini di sīl Chuind dóu, ZCP xiii 375.10 .

(ii) má (ma) s. 2

(a) No instance.

(b) masat (masae, v.l.) : masat mac Dé, PH 4708. masad acuraig, CCellaig 449 . masat eólach, ZCP xiii 3 § 5. másat (masae, v.l.) geilt, BS 100.13 .

s. 3

(a) masu', maso', masa' (see Thurneysen, KZ xlviii 60f .) : masu chundubart, Wb. 4d28 . masa choimdiu, Ml. 108c16 .

(b) masu', masa', mas' : see s.v. 3 má (ma). Add : masu ar oítid, Trip.² 1483. mása thol, 584 . a Ḟir diad masa thú, TBC-LL¹ 3659. massa anfisac, Laws iv 36.25 Comm. mas da fis, 22 Comm. mas é Dubthach, TBC-LL¹ 2780. masad (massa, v.l.) ḟír, Mór M. 266.15 . mása thoil leat, TSh. 8093. más é is críoch, 1366 .

pl. 3

(a) matu : matu hé ata horpamin, Wb. 2c14 .

(b) masat, mástat : masat elti, MU² 399. mástat carait ... mastat námait, LU 9091 (FB).

ma + neg. s. 3

(a) manid : manid fír, Wb. 13b14 . 17b32 . Ml. 21a11 .

(b) manid, minad, minid, munid, minap, munab : manid caindleóracht, LU 9196 (FB). minad hé, BDD² 1287. minid hé, 917 . mani daig, 593 . munab follus, TSh. 5164. See s.v. 3 má (ma) and TSh. Introd. xxi n. 3 . The form béso, bésu is used as a subjunctive (for its origin see Thurn., KZ xlviii 60.f .) : bésu dagduine cini estar túari `he may be a good man,' Wb. 6b23 , 24 . massu ed béso mó a fius dúibsi, 19b11 .

(iii) co n- so that.

s. 1

(a) conda : is rad dée immum-forling conda apstal, Wb. 13b6 . conda marb, 19a17 . 17c10 .

(b) conda, conam, conadam, conidam : domāncatar-sa uile | conda eōlach a n-achne, Otia i 127 § 29. conam torsech co haithbe, 128 § 33. rom ebail Sencha ... conidam trén, LU 10285. 10304 . conad am lista liumm fadén ┐ nach am inmain frisnach āen, MacCongl. 95.4 .

s. 2

(a) No instances.

(b) condat adbartnaigthi-siu, PH 1795.

s. 3

(a) condid, conid : condid flaith do in coimdiu, Wb. 9d2 . tremiberar ... conid ainm dun chrunn, 8a5 . condid di thetacht in spírto ... profetauit , Thes. i 496.26 (Ardm.). conid e epscop insin cita-ruoirtned, ii 241.15 (ib.). conid femen, Sg. 123b2 . condid étrummu, Ml. 90a11 . connid ed, 91a19 .

(b) condid, conid, conad, cunad, etc.: condid ann, AU i 434.22 (A.D. 916) . Hib. Min. 25. conid eiter a lamaib ..., Mon. Tall. 153.12 . conid edh, AU i 538.6 (A.D. 1015) . conid soillsi, Corm. Y 426. LU 10931. 10306 . PH 2245. 720 . conad dēach ainm gach sillaibe, Corm. Y 500. PH 1371. 6132 . Laws iv 18.2 Comm. cunad fír, MU² 284. cunid soillsithir, 554 . condad leis Aidhne, Ériu i 46.32 . conodh i, Ériu iii 141.206 . conud e, RC vi 184.19 . gonid lór, ACL iii 306 § 1 . gonadh aire sin ..., Ó Héodhusa 51.1. TSh. 1824. 5960 . conid was replaced by gurab (gur), gura originally a subjunctive form : corop Tuigi im Thamon and sain, LL ii 9911 . gorop de atá Cruachna Áe, ii 12397 . innister curab pecthaig ..., RC xxiv 378.17 . gurab droch-duine ..., PH 7682. corub iat, 445 corab í so, 7334 . gurb i luaithreadh ..., TSh. 300. gur bréagach a bhreathnughadh, 395 . gurab é an bás, 37 . gurab tearc, 94 . er co ra mian leisin nádúir maith do dénum, PH 7394. gur tú mo Chruthaightheoir, Donlevy 406.5 . gur ionmholta, 132.10 . do-fedar gura tú C., ZCP viii 546.26 . Cf. also : casmail lem gom (=co mba) e in mac beg, 538.15 .

pl. 1

(a) condan : hóre ronsóirni ... condan fírianichthi, Wb. 2d14 . immunrordad condan maicc togu non naturae , 20d10 .

(b) No instances.

pl. 3

(a) condat : condat anman som, Sg. 188b3 . condat reli inna aicsin hisin, Ml. 51d15 .

(b) condat, condot, cundat : condat e tri decmainge in domain a d[t]indtud, Laws v 426.3 . condat cora, SR 296. SCC 320 . PH 736. cundat marthanaig, MU² 310. gondat Ulaid, TBC-LL¹ 704.

(iv) With cen co (not found in Glosses) :

(b) s. 1 gon com (gen gob, v.l.) maith-se oc immarbáig, TBC-LL¹ 3219.

s. 3 gion go glan mo sgáth, DDána 24 § 30. gion gur caomh a dhreach, 91 § 6.

(v) With no :

s. 1

(a) nonda', nunda' : amal nonda thorisse `as I am trustworthy,' Wb. 10a28 . a nunda thinnachtae-se, Ml. 126d12 .

s. 2

(a) nonda', nunda' : lassaní nonda brithem `when Thou art judge,' Ml. 92a15 . a nnunda chocuibsid-siu, 58b6 . 38c27 .

pl. 1

(a) nundem, nundan : oire nundem membur uili du Dea, Thes. ii 246.5 (Camb.). á nnundan deeth ní, Ml. 120b3 .

pl. 2

(a) nondad : amal nondad maicc cóima, Wb. 27b16 .

(b) These forms did not survive O. Ir.

(vi) After the co-ordinating conjunctions sech and noch the absolute form is used. See under 2 sech and 1 noch. sechi whoever, whatever probably contains cop. s. 3 : sechi é cretes `whosoever believes,' Wb. 15b1 . sechi hed bás són `whatsoever death ...,' 13c1 . sechi dú nu-t-soe-siu, Ml. 112b6 .

pl. 3 sechitat hé ` whoever they are ,' 49a19 . sechitat hé (né, MS.) ` whatsoever ,' Thes. ii 25.38 (Bcr.). (Cf. indat mbriathra, III above).

VI With various prepositions in relative clauses.

(i) i n- (in many exx. has the force of a conjunction, see Ériu i 12 ) :

s. 2

(a) No instances.

(b) inda : cid at-chí dúnd, inda fisid `since thou art ...,' BDD² 545.

s. 3

(a) indid, innid : cia airm indid immaircide do epert amén, Wb. 12d18 . ind labrada innid eula nech, Ml. 42c4 . indid mailliu a tuile `by which the flood is slower,' Thes. ii 14.35 (Bcr.). 20.41 (ib.).

(b) indid, inid, inad, ina: indid Niall ... ro malart since it is N. ..., AU i 438.26 (A.D. 918). indid Alend is dún fás, Hail Brigit § 14. inid mo athair ... ortabairsi, BDD² 737. Bruchst. 47 § 105.3 . inad gilla óc ... tarfás dúnn, BDD² 161. PH 5029. do Maig Mell inid rí Boadag, LU 10004. aít init sruithiu dliged oldas naidm, ZCP xiii 23.1 . inad ina fairsingi in cathuir, Maund. § 75. eccla ifirn ... 'na minic fóidh guil, ACL iii 216.17 . Forms originally perf. and subj. came to be used as pres. indic. : sé céimeanna 'nar cosmhail ré chéile iad, TSh. 1231. ní fhuil ainm oile ... ionarb (ionab, v.l.) éigean sinne do shlánughadh, 2088 . neg. traigle i nach ūathad uidre, Bruchst. § 88. teagh is nach uathadh urra, DDána 119 § 23.

pl. 3

(a) indat : indat iudei itirroscar[sat] fri hiris n-abarche since they are Jews, Wb. 5b34 . cid ind aimser indat sláin ennaic som, Ml. 76a6 .

(b) in am indat slána, TBC-LL¹ 952. inat ṡlana, 1386 .

(ii) día n- :

s. 1

(a) No instances.

(b) díanda, díanam : Chríst dianda chéle `whose servant I am,' Fél. Ep. 307. an rí díanam gilla, ZCP v 497 § 12.

s. 2

(a) No instances.

(b) díandat : cia díandat céliusiu ?, TBC-I¹ 1382.

s. 3

(a) díant, díandid, dían : intí diant ainm discessio, Wb. 26a5 . in rét diant torbach ..., Ml. 121d1 . dian-did nomen hiber, Sg. 100b1 . in son diandid tintud ..., Ml. 37a10 . dian duthoig Liphe, Thes. ii 295 § 4 ( SP v ). neg. di nach follus (=dunach, Edd.), Thes. ii 8.35 (Acr.).

(b) díand, díanid, díanad, dían, díanda, dían(d)at, dána, dán, etc.: dianid opair oen laithi, AU i 342.22 (A.D. 839) . Corm. Y 825.2 . fer dianid comainm Labán, SR 2944. diand sanctlethan slondad, Fél. June 12 . April 22 . indī dianda coimmēid, Corm. Y 269. 892 . dianad ainm clí, 275 . PH 5180. 5494 . mí diandat (diando, MS., dianid, v.l.) ainm Marsiius, Corm. Y 892. cid dianat maith ind uair si ?, Hib. Min. p. 50.6 . Cū dīan comainm Culand, TBC-I¹ 2263. dianaid rī, 560 . dian serb cach sruith, ZCP vi 267 § 2. cia dana céile thusa ?, viii 545.2 . Ériu ii 229.19 . drem dīb dan eōl, ZCP viii 216 § 78. Laws iv 60.12 . ACL iii 237 § 15. na nathrach neimhe danadh ainm tyrus , TSh. 8973. Pres. subj. and perf. forms used as pres. indic. : darab ceann sgríbe an chríoch dhéidheanach, TSh. 725. cia d'ar ceart, Donlevy 106.7 . neg. airchindech do nach diur adhultrus, Laws i 58.22 Comm. do neoch do nar bo chotlud, TBC-LL¹ 2962. cia dánach feasach ... ?, TSh. 6401.

pl. 3

(a) neg. : donnatdet adblama inna esiu (leg. inna hísiu, Edd.) `to whom these things are not ready,' Thes. i 713.23 (Tur. Cod.).

(b) díanat, díandat : amail rondeiligthe sinethae dianat anmanna dela, Corm. Y 431. Metr. Dinds. iii 312.116 . bó ... díandat slána a secht mbliadna, LU 8122.

(iii) ara n- :

(a) arndid : cid arndid ísliu aesce quam sol , Thes. ii 22.41 (Bcr.). in di accuis ... arndid coitchen ..., Sg. 200a13 .

(b) ara n- : is ed sin ara n-amra `arcu fuin' `for which a.f. is admirable,' ZCP vii 312 § 26.

(iv) ó n- :

(a) óndid, ónid : in sians ondid accobor limsa ícc cáich, Wb. 12d23 . honid techtae molad Dáe, Ml. 51c2 .

(b) ón, óna, ónab : díles Néill ón cunnail cell, Ériu iv 92 § 1. toirt[h]igi in lā | ōnab lēir feadha, ACL iii 235 § 21. gním óna mó ar dtachrádh, IGT Decl. ex. 412.

(v) frissa n- :

(a) frisin : dochum cétnidetad frisin cosmil `to which it is like,' Sg. 188a13 .

(b) frisnid, ren, rena, renab, renar : inmain samail frisnid cosmail a n-adchīusa, TBC-I¹ 2875. nech risnid [andsa], LU 4004. drem ren dothroide ar ndeabhaidh, IGT Decl. ex. 1167. is dona neithibh renab usa truailled do gabail cuigi, in baindi, Rosa Angl. 112.8 . dream ... réna deacair, TSh. 4665. ag an druing ... rénar milis, 1568 . 711 .

pl. 3

(a) No instance.

(b) frisndat : inna ferta sa ... cía beith nech risndat móra araide isat úathe dó ilib, Trip.² 3096.

(vi) lasa n- :

(a) lasin : intí lasin format, Ml. 129b3 . lasin n-accubur, 53c16 .

(b) lasnad, lenab : intí lasnád ecul `who fears,' PH 2411. lasnad ail, 1421 . cibé lénab mór a n-abraim, Keat. i 76.44 .

(vii) oca n- :

(a) No instance.

(b) ri ind lochta hicnad suithi a n-ord, RC xx 174 § 38 (ACC). co flaith Dúrlais, 'cán mór mé, Hy Fiach. 284.5 . sdéd gan dóigh urraim na n-eillteadh, IGT Decl. ex. 1177 = gán, 662 .

(viii) fa n- (O. Ir. imm) :

(a) No instance.

(b) fán, fána : a cCionn Coradh fan léir magh, ZCP viii 225 § 42. fáth fána doilghe ... an bás, TSh. 1132.

(ix) asa n- :

(a) No instance.

(b) asarb : briathra asarb iontuigthe ..., TSh. 5664.

(x) forsa n-, fora n- :

(a) No instance.

(b) forab : o sheircc in domain-sea forab airchindech diabul, PH 7118.

Cons. Pres.

s. 3

Abs.

(a) No instance.

(b) bid : bid coitchenn dliges cach ngrád ... i córus othrusa, Críth G. 50. bés bid cethrar nó chóicer bíte hi comarbus bóairech, 146 .

Conj.

(a) -bi, -pi : nipi cían a masse in choirp, Wb. 28c25 . 12c12 . air nibi eulach, Ml. 42c9 . 128d3 . níbí cian, 91d2 . combi remib rethith iarum, Wb. 13b13 . indhí lasmbi accobur, 30c23 . imbí hinun folud whether the substance is the same, Sg. 188a6 .

(b) -bi, -pi : nī bī clōen in t-ere, Corm. Y 447.16 . ni bi briugu nad bi cedach, Laws v 76.10 . i ngait nádbi aí `which is not his,' Críth G. 218. ben las(a)mbi cuma cip cia las fia, BCrólige § 44. is bec a ain iphthi compí sāitheach, ZCP vi 257.y . i tig as mbi eggna suillsi, BDD² 175. dīa mbī dīn Cūan Caill, Four Songs 20 § 4 . pl. 1 (a) ? isin chruth-sin bimmi nóib-ni 'it is thus that we become holy' Wb. 3 d 27 , ZCP xxxii 120 .

pl. 3

(a) No instance.

(b) bit : imscarad dotluigigter flaith fri aigillni na bit anfolaid in ceili gaibter ann `a separation which the chief requests from the tenant not on account of any disqualification of the tenant,' Laws ii 316.z .

Ipv.

s. 2

Abs.

(a) ba' : ba chuimnech dilguda duinni, Ml. 46b29 .

(b) ba, bat : ba faitech ar nā ba fīachach, Anecd. iii 13.10 = bat fattech, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 14 § 3.1 . bát umal ... bat cumnech, LU 3490 - 1 . bat cúimnech, PH 1208.

Conj.

(a) -ba', pa' : naba thoirsech, Wb. 29d19 . napa chondarcell, 31c22 .

(b) -ba, -bad, -b(a)dat, -rbat, -rab, -rsat : nā ba lonn frim, TBC-I¹ 1210. nad bad lond-so, TBC-LL¹ 1045. na badat, 1106 . nabdat dolam, SR 1253. narbat (marab, narab, v.ll.) timtheirc tais, KMMisc. 262 § 9. nárbhat dian, Acall. 587. nárbat bronach-su, FDG 397.

s. 3

Abs.

(a) bad', bed', pad' : bad chore dúib friu `have peace towards them,' Wb. 27d11 . bed chuimnech, 33d5 . pad glicc far n-intliucht, 5c21 .

(b) bad, ba : arān Mochue ... ba hé dobertar dúin, Mon. Tall. 128.25 . bad and sein not adnastar, Trip.² 2991. bat (bá, v.l.) tusu bas ara, 2580 . bad (bud, bidh, bu, v.ll.) sonairt ar n-airle, Fél. Prol. 261. bad uallach, ScM. § 4.11 . ba (bá, LU) maith blāth in claideb, TBC-I¹ 934. bá[d] sí riar Aengusa, Ériu xii 146.2 (Tochm. Ét.). nech atcobra bithbethaid ... bat umhal, ZCP vii 312 § 23. With inf. pron. s. 2 : badat cuman remember, Rawl. 72b39 .

Conj.

(a) -bad' : nábad chotarsne fri bar n-ícc a nno-gessid, Wb. 24b3 . nabad do réir far colno beithe, 6b4 .

(b) -bad, -bud, -pa : ná bad ead do-gneth, BDD² 411. nábad olc do menma, LU 3271. na pa machtad amh libsi, Mon. Tall. 157.20 . nā bud sgēlach, ZCP vii 311 § 9.

pl. 1

(a) ban', baán' : ban chossmaili friar tuissech, Wb. 33b20 . 29b17 . baán tairismich do irnigdi, 5d22 .

(b) No instance.

pl. 2

Abs.

(a) bad', bed' : bad chensi fri cách, Wb. 24b1 . bad treúin i n-iriss, 27a6 . bed adthramli .i. gaibid comarbus for n-athar, 9a14 .

(b) No instance.

Conj.

(a) -bad' : nabad anfoirbthi-si, Wb. 12d26 .

(b) ? nadib leisc, SR 7843. narbar dúrcridig, 4842 .

pl. 3

Abs.

(a) bat' : bat chosmuli frinni `let them be like unto us,' Wb. 17c5 .

(b) bat, bad : bat menci do dalai, Ériu viii 173.8 . bad sgrībt[h]a a sgēla, ZCP viii 110 § 10.

Conj.

(a) -bat : bad armatura dei bess lib nábat nacha arm aili, Wb. 22d14 .

(b) No instance.

Impf.

s. 3

(a) No instance.

(b) bíth : nicon ibdis bandai cormmai i tír Cualand, cia bith ara tecmainged dóib `whoever it used to be that they used to meet,' Mon. Tall. 129.19 (tr. Bergin, Ériu xii 209 , q.v.).

pl. 3 (see Bergin, Ériu xii 225 f. ).

Abs.

(a) No instance.

(b) batis : a trian rocharsa[t] Coin Culainn batís [d]aill ... batis clóin ... batis guit, RC viii 60.15 ( LL 117a7 - 10 ). ? batis gnatha ar buadhuiph band, Anecd. ii 70.8 .

Conj.

(a) No instance.

(b) -btis : imrethitis a da thraigid ┐ a n-adbrond comtís luathidir ruathar funemda, Ériu iv 30.2 . comtis scítha, Snedg. u. Mac R § 27. dabertis T.D.D. lubi ... for aibnib ... comtís brecca ... na srotha díb, TBC-LL¹ 4213. comdis fliuch iad do deraib, TTebe 3711 . comtis, 2884 . nībtis omain neich `they used not to fear any man,' ZCP iii 38.25 (tr. Ériu xii 225 ).

Subj. Pres.

s. 1

(a) -ba : ciaba deróil la nech, Wb. 18a7 . 23b29 . niba dimicthe-se libsi `I should not be despised by you,' 21d3 . mainba aecne lib, 17c10 .

(b) -ba, -pa, ropom (ropa, v.l.), -rbom, -rbam, -rba, -bam ; with ma, madam : ni reg-sa assin chruachán-sa co mba marb, Trip.² 1294. nipá pene na régi, Mon. Tall. 131.17 . riasiu ba marb-sa, ZCP i 105.25 . acht ropom (ropa, LU) airdricsa, TBC-I¹ 571. im-caemros[s]a do gaethaib corbom gaeth fo-deisin, BDD² 167. díamsa saithech bíd when once I am satisfied, LU 8469 (FB). nírba cintach `may I not be guilty,' Ériu vi 116 § 3. dīa mba bēo-sa, KMMisc. 208.y . corbam cruithnecht it' it[h]lainn, Ériu iii 31 § 24. narbam crimnach, SR 3202. nīrbam utmall anbsaid, a meic mo Dé, ZCP vi 260 § 10. madham buidech-sae, CCath. 4210. madam beō-sa do-gēba luach a taisgedha ... minbam beō imorra ..., ML² 1495.

s. 2

(a) -ba' : armba cháinchomraccach-so, Wb. 30b23 . cia ba loingthech, 6c9 . ciafa firián, Ml. 36a32 . comba soilse-siu, Wb. 22c3 . Ml. 54b19 .

(b) bat, -ba, -pa, -bat, -pat, -rba(t), -rbot, -(b)sa(t) : with cía, cidat ; with ma, madat : ni ba dicheoil, SR 2197. nipa frithenech, LU 3495. ní pa, Ériu i 198 § 16a . nibát athboingid ar narbat aithrech, LU 3502. nibat comromach ar nábat miscnech, 3503 . nirbat díscir ... nibbát ecal ... nipát tairne ..., 3467 - 9 . ba hēmich corbad sercach, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 14 § 3.3 . bat umal corbot ūasal, ib. § 3.7 . nírba chreccach, Ériu i 200 § 22. nirba truag, SR 3295. doroimle corbat cétach, ..., LU 8796 (FB). atraí coropat mor, 3533 . céin bat béo, 3919 . nirbat ancretmech ... acht corbat cretmech, PH 6776. diamba breiteam arafeser ... `if thou be a judge, thou shouldst know,' BCrólige § 66. diambat rolabar, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 18 § 7.16 . ZCP vii 298.17 . diamsa coemainech, IT i 70.2 . diamsat fissid, iii 488.352 . BS 86.25 . nírsat bidbha oirechta, Acall. 597. 598 . toich duit cidat rī, toich duit cidat druī (to a child), PRIA iii (3rd ser.) 546 § 3 ( LL 147a ). cidat lond im gním garta, IT iii 508 § 1. madat fīrēn flaith `if you be a just prince,' KMMisc. 262 § 15. madhid trēn, ML² 1437.

s. 3

I Forms without ro-.

(i) Abs. The form ba appears to be used only as jussive subj. :

(a) ? bá tualang cách forcital alaili `let each be fit ...,' Wb. 6d13 ; ba samlid dúib `be ye thus,' 19d29 , but in both instances the editors would read bad for ba.

(b) do Chríst ba mór do gaire, Ériu i 200 § 22. ba i n-ómun ba i n-incridiu | gudem Críst let it be in fear ..., 195 § 10 (but ? cf. 1 fa).

Conj. (ii)

(a)bé (see Bergin, Ériu xii 208 ff .) : cia bé a mmēt adae `however great it may be,' Ml. 61b28 . cip hé ade asberam, 25d11 .

(b) cip hé gellus dít, Trip.² 1626. cibbe noda saraigfed, 789 . cipe a isle, ciape a huaisle, Laws v 386.15 . secht tellaige ... nad erenaiter cidbe indola, 206.2 . cidbe fine dib dibus, Cóic Con. H § 69. cebé baile no beth, LU 365. cipé tí, TBC-LL¹ 1768. cipia frisa ferthar tnú, Ériu v 211.69 . gidh bé haird iona dtuitfidh, TSh. 3985.

(iii) -bo occurs in the Glosses seeming sometimes to be the jussive subj. (neg.) and once after in whether , but these exx. may perhaps be pret. (but see (iv) below) :

(a) ní bo comitesti (rectius chomitesti, Ed.) dó `he should not be indulged,' Wb. 1c12 . nibo intain no mbeid ar súil tantum `it must not be when ye are before (His) eye,' 27c9 . rofitir side imbo ho chridiu fa nacc, 27c11 .

(b) No instance.

(iv)

-p, -b :

(a) níp tarisse lat `trust him not,' Wb. 30d24 . nip sain a n-asberat et immarádat, 28c1 . nip crú cruach, Thes. ii 250.11 (Stowe M.). arnáp hé som ..., Wb. 6c7 . ar nab laigiu, Sg. 179b1 . imb anacol dom fa nac, Wb. 23a6 . immaid (=imb m.) fa olcc, 8d26 . im fochróib bá chían, Sg. 151b2 . sechip hé ... `whosoever it be,' Wb. 3b15 . sechib grád i mbether and, 10a18 . cip cruth bíid páx libsi fri cách `howsoever it be,' 5d33 . cib cenél tra dia ro scribad ind epistil so, 3b20 . mainip in chrud-so, 10a5 . manip hinunn etargnae, Sg. 188a12 . Ml. 14d10 . cenib fír, 24d22 . cenip ho étrummugud inna n-olc, 59a23 . cinip hond sémigdetu, 59a23 .

(b) -p, -b, -pe, -be, later -ba, -bo ; with día, díam : acht nip inbleoguin, Laws ii 98.17 . bés níp aill do dáinib, Fél. Ep. 417. níp anchobrai, LU 9663. bes nipe nessu éc do suidiu oldás daitsiu, 9210 . mad ben urnadma na be cetmunnter, Laws ii 380.25 . ar n[a] himirbera neach na be hai, v 476.z . diam dlaí di chi[u]nn adairt, Críth G. 229. BCrólige § 38. diam chuibse cataid `to whom veneration is due,' Laws i 10.24 . mairg ... diam cara Colco, Anecd. i 7.11 . cach fuil druith dinnap inna ramot techtai torai, BCrólige § 64. cid nabsin (? = nab sí in) Fedelm-sa ... cichsed, LU 8296. nabbsin, 8318 . air nā ba (v.l. arnab) sothuissledhach, Corm. Y 434. arnapa dimicnithi, Trip.² 2048. sechib dán di[i]b, Críth G. 323. sicip hé dígbas ..., Trip.² 751. secip blas bá mellach, LU 1787. PH 1428. mad iar stair cip indus, Trip.² 33. BDD² 655. cip magen inda tecmai `in whatever place,' BCrólige § 40. cidh be manach doda-goad ┐ cib can a cinel whencesoever, Anecd. i 44.8 . cecip ní foillsighfithir daitt ` whatever ,' Aisl. Tond. 96.9 is fīach dia blīadnai dō īar sin d(h)inap (sic leg.) turbuith deithbire dothnairp dia nephthairiuc 'it becomes for him a debt [payable only] in a year’s time unless a legitimate excuse excuses him for his non-appearance' Bürgschaft 17 § 53 , Ériu xx 230 . dinnap ina ramot techtai torai 'unless it has accrued in a lawful way (?) ' Ériu xii 52 § 64 , xx 230 . manip do Chonchobor, ScM. § 3.16 . PH 2080. manib tualaing, Anecd. iii 23.12 . maniba t'ainmnet ..., Trip.² 859. manab ac oen flaith beit, Laws iv 42.29 Comm. munab neasa, 44.4 . DDána 76 § 24. munob cunntabartac[h], BCrólige § 14 n. 1 . munup, Laws iv 26.13 . menip, SR 3597. Cóic Con. RE § 23. minub, BCrólige § 23. FDG 389. minap, TBC-I¹ 795. PH 1542. minab, 6035 . munbo cairnech in craidhe , ZCP vi 268.12 . munba, ib. 11 . IGT Decl. ex. 352. cinip mór do bríg, Trip.² 1888. LU 1435 (MU).

The form arimp in the Glosses always has a final sense except the doubtful ex. in Ml. 130b8 (see below). The ex. from Críth Gabl. is also final, the others all express an indirect command or wish (cf. airndip, see (v) below) :

(a) arimp áigthidiu-de `that it may be the more dreaded,' Wb. 23d23 . 32a2 . 15c4 . arimp díthnad ... dúibsi foditiu fochide dúnni, 14b17 . arim tairismech, 25a9 . ised as maith la dia airimp (? leg. airndip) isin gess ... `this God would have ...,' Ml. 130b8 .

(b) arim túalang gabála[e] ríg, Críth G. 187. cach ōen comaldathar in cāin si ... arim sírsaegul ... ┐ arop airmitnech fēith, Cáin Ad. § 30. abbair fri Feradach, arim remḟissid arad sencharpait `er solle ein vorauswissender Lenker des alten Wagens sein,' ZCP xi 83 § 27. nach oirecht ... árim (corob, v.l.) cáin domnaig cétadéntar ann, Ériu ii 210 § 33. The usual way of expressing a wish or exhortation is rop (see section II below), but cf.: adair ... do Dia ┐ co mbá dó a aenur fhogna, PH 4724. searc Íosa ... go mba hé th'arm DDána 20 § 7. goma, 93 § 37 . in cū ruad ... coma taīseach cāemc[h]uaine, CCellaig 463 . With cen co : cen cop foccus a gcairdiss, Anecd. ii 62.2 . MacCongl. 39.27 . PH 3100. cin cob aire doronsat, 3237 .

(v)

(a) -dip, -dib : condip slán á anim, Wb. 9b9 . condib cumme, 24a22 . is tacair arndip samlid it is meet that it be thus, 22c11 . airndip maith a forcell `that the testimony may be good,' 25d21 . airndib ecmailt, Tur. 71 (airndip may have either final or consecutive sense, see note on arimp in (iv) above). duús indip fochunn ícce do, Wb. 26b27 . dús cia port indib maith, 24 .

(vi) With ma (má),

(a) mad : mad cumme imned á cheli et a imned fessin, Wb. 20c6 . 12a23 . 4a14 . mad cétnide a n-animm, Sg. 197a2 . 3b19 . mad du rúin `according to the mystic meaning,' Tur. 103.

(b) mad, mád : mad a dligiud ḟénechso (Corr., Ed.) is menbu, Críth G. 11. mad nóeb arid-léga, Fél. Ep. 178. Corm. Y 1233. mad na mna `if it belong to the woman,' Laws ii 402.1 . mádh táesca dhuit iná dham, Anecd. i 32 § 54. mád, LU 9216. madh peacthach é, TSh. 4315.

(vii)

With cía although, that ,

(a) cith, cid : deithbeir do ceith aneola, Wb. 33c16 . cith etarṡuidigthe, Sg. 68b4 . Mon. Tall. 159.2 . cid accobrach, Wb. 4c34 . cid doib doarrchet `though they were prophesied unto,' 5a16 (here the sense appears to be indic., see GOI § 793 ). cid comsuidigthe, Sg. 201a10 . Ml. 2d12 .

(b) cid, gid: cid ē marad tarm ēisi, Corm. Y 180. cid diabal fod foirge, Laws iv 18.19 . cid sain na conairi (pl. subject). Cóic Con. H. § 43. gid rogāeth nī rogand, TBC-I¹ 2596.

cid ed nevertheless: (b) cid ed nī rochotail, TBC-I¹ 2512. gidh eadh ní híad as andsa, KMMisc. 352 § 6.

cid ... cid, cid ... nó whether (it be) ... or ...:

(a) ma gorith locc cith ine chuis nú ine láim, Thes. ii 245.36 (Camb.). cid maid cid olcc la nech, Wb. 30d6 . cach réit cid precept cid labrad, 13a29 . Sg. 2a7 . Ml. 26a8 . cid ho deacht maicc nó ho deacht athar arafoima doinacht maicc aní arroet, 17c3 .

(b) cid cóem cid díchóem, Críth G. 225. Corm. Y 1167. SCC 679 .

cid cia whoever it be: am chind cid cia raib, KMMisc. 254 § 4.

cid though it be has also the sense even , in which sense its verbal content must early have been forgotten so that it may be folld. by plural noun or pronoun, and by a dependent vb. in indic. instead of subj.:

(a) cithisse `it is even he,' Wb. 22a7 (a prima manu). corrici cith besti béoa, Thes. i 4.31 . ceith cenmathá in tegdais n-ucut `even besides,' Wb. 33a4 . cid ind fochith follongam `even the suffering which we endure,' 14b15 . ceth Máolruoin, Mon. Tall. 135.24 . co seichetar cid a comroircniu, Sg. 1a2 .

(b) coire ... no suigfedh cid Erind, Corm. Y 323.8 . ní dénaiter cid clocha fotraicthi díb, Trip.² 873. ni cuma dono cid cach mis disuidiu, Laws iv 88.19 . ní thibrind i tindscra cid Meidbi insin, TBFr. 185. cid mecnu, LU 10560.

II Forms with ro-.

(i)

(a) rop, rob, ropo' (the form rob occurs only before b and m): rop corae doib fri dia `peace be with them ...,' Wb. 20d1 . rop scīath dún diar n-imdegail, Hy. i 20. rop fír, ib. 39 . nicon fil bas sciith lim act rop ar crist, Wb. 18a2 . acht robronach (=rob bronach, Ed.), Ml. 86d12 . act ropo cho n-etarceirt, Wb. 13a26 . act ropo cho torbu, 27 .

(b) rop, rob, ropo': rop múr ar cech merblén' Babill, Fél. Jan. 24. rob hí ascaid connaga, Ériu iv 106 § 59. rob dimbríogh gach tonn dá ttuil | gach imshníomh sonn rob soruidh, Studies 1921, 76 § 25 . DDána 122 § 21. acht rop la forcomet, Mon. Tall. 161.27 . Trip.² 2941. acht rob tol dait-so, ZCP viii 312.8 . riasíu ropo chúairddulchach, Críth G. 68.

The form robo, robu and with inf. pron. rodbo, rodbu occurs in the sense either, or (cf. Fr. soit ... soit). The editors of Thes. Pal. (i 433 n. ) say it `seems to be regular in the first of two or more alternatives.' It is so used in the great majority of cases but in Wb. 14c24 and Ml. 58b11 (see below) it precedes the second alternative. Pedersen ( KZ xxxv 404 f . q.v.) suggests an original meaning `was es sei' and the loss of the demonstrative pronoun a n- or aní before robo. Thurneysen ( GOI § 886 ) believes it to have been a potential ro- subj. It is found somet. where in the Lat. uel .. uel .., or Lat. aut .. aut ... occur:

(a) rodbo dia adroni ... ł. is hé-som adroni ... either God has committed ..., Wb. 29d29 . 16d7 . fo chenéle lugi [i]ssiu rodbo chosmi[liu]s `as a kind of oath ... or a similitude,' 14c24 . robo intí forchain gl. siue qui docet, 5d10 . robo folad diles ł. doacaldmach, Sg. 197a1 . 200b6 . robu óenlitrib gl. uel singulis literis, 28a12 . robu cho adersetar gl. uel emendentur ... (uel ...), Ml. 30d11 . robu a caratrad gl. (uel necessitudo) uel (familiaritas), 58b11 (but Eds. suggest on p. 721b : `as robu regularly refers to the former of two alternatives, gloss 11 may gl. uel necessitudo'). robu a nnu mothaigtis gl. aut stupentes, 44c6 . 109c3 . 121b6 .

(b) rodbu forcetail ł. scribend ł. uaimm n-etaig, LB 11b13 . innahí rohaisneid dó N. .. rodbo o littrib no a himaccalmaibh, ZCP ii 321.y .

(ii) -rop, -rup, -rub:

(a) corrup mithich gabáil ferainn do, Wb. 19d3 . corrop hed mo indeb Crist, 24a6 . corop he to menmme, Thes. ii 255.14 (Stowe M.). Wb. 7d10 . Sg. 40b7 . corub mebuil leu, Ml. 138c8 . See also Subst. Vb. l. 1389 ff.

(b) -rup, -rub, -rob, -rop, -rab, -rap, -rip, -rp: corup messu de dún, Trip.² 2592. TBC-I¹ 1577. PH 5319. corob gel in mag, Trip.² 555. TBC-I¹ 2455. corrom mé (=corrob mé) nosn-orr, BDD² 721. corab meisi, Trip.² 1360. Laws iv 62.18 Comm. Anecd. i 17.17 . curub cutruma cuit cach fir dib, Cóic Con. H § 102. co rāssa in cū hīsin ┐ corip ingnīma, TBC-I¹ 539 = corop, LU 5028. acht corp dall, SR 2900. āgusta dō gurab trū, Corm. Y 1238. ní rop áilsed `let there not be neglect,' Fél. Ep. 522. nī rob do soinmige ┐ nī rob do fechtnaidi dō, TBC-I¹ 640 = nipo ... ┐ nirop, LU 5125. arnarap galar doib, Mon. Tall. 147.23 . arnā rob olc, Corm. Y 425. fégad cech aen uaib ... ná rob dáll ... hé, PH 4666. Sometimes the final b or p dropped out, at first before initial b or f: arnara fochand báis dóib, Mon. Tall. 146.29 . 152.11 . curu bēl ainmnech urnaigthech, ACL iii 234 § 9. luiget ... co ro bréc, PH 2685. co ro huain doib, 4997 .

rel.

(a) bes`, bas`: níi bes chotarsne diar n-ícc, Wb. 11a24 . bes chossecarthae, Ml. 63a6 . bes miniu, Thes. ii 254.14 (Stowe M.). céin bas mbéo, Wb. 10b23 . a mbas cete, Thes. ii 17.34 (Bcr.).

(b) bes`, bas`, bus`: nech bes ardu, Críth G. 115. lin bes coir, BCrólige § 48. ni bes epiltiu, Mon. Tall. 152. 31 . dírimm bas choímiu ná bess áiniu, TBFr. 47. ontí bass formbthi, Mon. Tall. 141.19 . dís bas ḟerr, BDD² 1222. ríasiu bus lá, MU² 322. neich bus chomgrād dó, Ériu i 219 § 7. i llaim neich bessa set `of the person whose property it is,' Laws v 376.4 . do cach besa ai whose it is, ii 398.z . iv 28.5 . i 264.18 . A pron. may be infixed between rel., and its pred.: doeim dano in clī innī besidn-īsle, doemar som ōnnī besadn-ūaisliu, Corm. Y 275. set inna muin cachae besid fiu, Laws v 384.z . 382.8 . ech beissid fiu, 406.9 . cenn caich ... i fine besid sruithe, besid n-uaisliu, ZCP xiv 369 § 31. ailid .iii. seotu bes da fiu, Laws v 408.7 .

pl. 1

Abs.

(a) No instance.

(b) ropond: ropond bēo for deis mic Dē may we be alive, ZCP viii 106 § 9 (ropo-nd = 3 s.+inf. pron. pl. 1).

Conj.

(a) -ban`: co comalnammar a pridchimme et comman (=co m-ban) dessimrecht do chach, Wb. 31c11 . a numman aircheltai, Ml. 27b10 .

(b) -ban, -rdar, -(r)bar; with cía, gidar: is am comman tairisiu `'tis time that we should be ...,' Fianaig. 26.14 . an biucán gurdar síthaig, Hib. Min. 82.23 . gidar comaltai, TBC-LL¹ 3680. co mbar commaithe, 35 . tiagam ass con (f)acamar na milchonu ...┐ corbar (go mbat, v.l.) scithu oco, TBFr. App. § 16.

pl. 2

Abs.

(a) bede: conicfid-si bede preceptori uili `ye will all be able to be teachers,' Wb. 13a10 .

Conj.

(a) -bad: combad accomalti-si limsa, 23a26 . arnábad toirsig dim chuimriug-sa, 27c34 . arna bad huilcc, 5d38 . dia mbad mathi, 16a13 . ma[nba]d irlaithi, 27c11 . ? To this: annambaid (anambaid, MS.) buidig `when ye are not content,' Ml. 115b10 .

(b) nibur n-ecnaigid, SR 4871. nibfor cétludaig, 4872 .

pl. 3

I Forms without ro-.

No absolute forms occur without ro-.

Conj.

(i)

(a) -bet`, -pat`, -bat`: mainbet mathi, Wb. 11c5 . nó innabet o nach ainmm-diu etir `or whether they are not from any nominal form at all,' Sg. 56b1 . arnapat toirsich, Wb. 26d21 . combat irlamu-de ind ancreitmich do chretim, 12d29 . armbat eolig, 31d15 . armbat chosmaili, Ml. 130a12 . a mbat n-erchoissi, 73c9 . cinbat huili, Wb. 4d6 .

(b) -bet, -bat: im damu nad be tairchesa (leg. bet airchesa), Laws i 184.14 . iv 54.10 . mat cuibdi ... manbet cuibdi, i 244.3 . adubairt ... conod brathair iat cen go bed, Celt. Rev. x 36.18 . acht conbat beoda, TBC-LL¹ 39. combat sithamla, PH 4015. 6746 . manibat óga a frithḟolaid, Ériu i 219 § 9. menbat allmaraig, MU² 517. diamat glain, SR 1461. cenibat fiu, Laws ii 316.20 .

(ii) With ma,

(a) mat: mat hé na briathra-sa forcane, Wb. 28c21 . mat anmann adiechta emnatar and, Sg. 189b4 .

(b) mat, madat, mádit: mat comaithi a folaid, no mat comolca, Laws ii 362.25 - 6 . mat e ... anfolaid in cele falla frithgnama, ZCP xiv 387 § 53. madat comlūatha, ZCP viii 217 § 2. mádit (sic leg.) creidmech, KMMisc. 146.4 .

(iii) With ce, cía although ,

(a) cit: cit imdi far forcitlidi, Wb. 9a12 . 4d4 . 12a13 . cit comsuidigthi, Sg. 207b11 . 190b1 . et muscreitfet cit hésidi `even they,' Wb. 5c2 .

(b) cit, cidat, ciambat: cit lir, Mon. Tall. 156.26 . Fél. Prol. 245. cith (leg. cit) lir cétuib, ZCP viii 195 § 7. cidat (cid, v.l.) créchtnaig, BDD² 1347. KMMisc. 268 § 41. ciambat ilardai, SR 4833.

(iv) With cía, ce who, what ,

(a) No instance.

(b) cit: indid damsa cit n-armand | hi fil chend erred Ul[ad] tell me what are the places ..., LU 11056.

II Forms with ro-.

Abs.

(a) ropat`: ropat choin altai ... adcear, Thes. ii 293.7 ( SP i ). acht ropat ṡaini tertpersin, Sg. 199a1 .

(b) ropat`, robat`, robet, ropsat: ropat lir a tellaig, Trip.² 2571. ropat óin dom ṡnádud `may they be one,' Fél. Jan. 21. robat mo cuirn coidin midc, Otia i 126 § 24. robet ar seilb an ōenfir, BColm. 54.10 . ropsat idain dīan-báis ám, KMMisc. 210.3 .

Conj.

(a) No instance.

(b) -rbat, ? -rsat: ciarbat mara a treba, Hy. ii 60 Comm. curbat úagṡlá[i]n, BColm. 54.11 . nirbat ile a liberna, LU 1035. girbat linmara, TBC-LL¹ 4196. garbat discailtig, 544 . apair ó brethir namá corbat bairgin na clochasa, PH 4918. ciarbot maithi, KMMisc. 266 § 32. ? gorsat lir a mmairb andas a mbí, TBC-LL¹ 6015.

rel.

(a) beta`, bete`, bata`: beta téit `when they are wanton,' Wb. 29a1 . beda fiscina baptizerium, Thes. ii 226.29 (Pcr.). donaib hí beta cheti, Ml. 126c4 . ni cumcat bete gentilia, Sg. 33a16 . a mbata n-aersigthi, Ml. 127a4 .

(b) beta, bete, bida: mad aile da lina beta olca [a] folaid, Laws ii 366.11 . itir na ceithre comaichaib beda neasa do, iv 116.2 . tech sruithi bet (leg. betc) fuirbthium, Mon. Tall. 136.23 . tri haidche bede cora, Laws v 438.24 . cusna belltenaib bida nesom, ii 390.20 . trian de don ḟir bed a (leg. beda a) beich `whose bees they are,' iv 116.1 Comm. Cf. do fir bede heich, 106.1 Comm.

Subj. Past

s. 1

(a) -bin, -benn: commin inricc dó `so that I may be worthy thereunto,' Wb. 24a11 . combin cosmail, Ml. 91b7 . arnamtomnad námmin duine, Wb. 17d23 . nombin dermatach, Ml. 20a4 . toimtin armbenn duine, 130d4 .

(b) -badim, -badam: abraind nā badim (? sic leg.) slānsa ... ropad rēill mo tholcsa and, TBC-I¹ 3532. bad cháined dom ḟir co mbadim ferr-sa, TBC-LL¹ 34. damadam (sic leg.) rig (dia mbam airdrí, v.l.) for Erinn if I were , FDG 519.

s. 2

(a) No instance.

(b) -badat: da mbad in lāsin, nī epertha co mbadad (leg. mbadat) ferr do lōech annā Cū., TBC-I¹ 2503. is é in claideb dobéraind ... menbadat (sic leg.) aide, RC xiv 426.25 ( LL 111b4 ).

s. 3

I Forms without ro-.

(i) Abs.

(a) bed`, bad`: arna tomnathar bed foammamichthe deacht don dóinacht `that (the) Godhead is subject,' Wb. 13c2 . dommuinfide bed n-ísel intí dia, Ml. 40c17 (in these two exx. we have the type of sentence in which bid occurs in Wb. 25c12 , see (iii) below). din dínit bed ṡástai, Sg. 39b11 . ni arindí bed leth ngotho nobed indib, 5a4 . dóig linn bed n-acuit, 30a8 . bed chuintechti, Ml. 92a17 . ni robe nech bad huaisliu, Wb. 33d10 . aimser ba (leg. bad, Edd.) chomadas dó, 21a1 . cia bed a mmēt inna fochaide `whatever the greatness of the tribulations might be,' Ml. 39a13 (see Bergin, Ériu xii 208 ff .).

(b) bed`, bad`, pad, bud: ba dóig leó bed a sídaib dí, BDD² 42. nech bed chomalaind dó, LU 1667 (ICM). nad baí baili bád cuidbiu dó, Trip.² 429. lāech bad chāime, TBC-I¹ 3242. BDD² 79. mad mē bad chend ..., Ériu iii 140.183 . cīa ragas ...? Cīa pad cīa ... acht Condere `who should it be cut C.', i 114 § 3 . muc bud grátu, Corm. Y 118. ní bud ṡíre, BDD² 138. ciped mac díb no gabad gasced, TBC-LL¹ 1089. With inf. pron. s. 3: tegdais adchondarc indiu | ni fa[il] ba-da-crichidiu (? leg. bad-da-), Thes. ii 292 § 1 (Ml. Poems). marbān badid n-ingnathar, Bruchst. 45 § 102. coich bia beo badid [n-]amradair, RC xx 260 § 65 = badib amradair, LU 873. badid-rédithir ... badid-némithir, RC xxiv 56 § 17. s. 1: nī faigebasu curaid ... bádam fiusa, LU 3913.

(ii) Conj.

(a) -bed`, -bad` (mainbed (minbad, manibad) is regularly folld. by acc.): mainbed maith latsu, Wb. 32a11 . combed chiall ainsedo ildai and, Ml. 67d24 . ni bed uilliu, 54b30 . is cumme nibad móidem `it is the same as though it were not boasting,' Wb. 2b14 . amal nibad fiu, Ml. 63d2 . mainbad éicin, Wb. 4a20 . Hy. v 32. manibbad hinunn, Sg. 17b8 . manibad trocairi ndáe, Ml. 111b28 . manipad taschidetaid, 136c2 . arnábad rómár, Wb. 11c7 . conapad firdía mac, Ml. 21c12 . diambad mathi, Wb. 16a13 . combad choitchen, Sg. 72a1 . Ml. 21d1 . combath chomlan rith lunae , Thes. ii 33.27 (Bv.). na epred a menme armbad ferr són, Wb. 10a16 . arimbad and furruimtis a praintech, Thes. ii 242.4 (Ardm.).

(b) -bed`, -bad`, -pad, -bud, -bod: ised bud cóir laisim combed de laim anmcharat ..., Mon. Tall. 146.25 . Trip.² 2246. ní ... tresambed elned do, Mon. Tall. 164.7 . manipad lor, 128.15 . manipad do chrúass, Trip.² 1370. minbad in mbáin mbic, MacCongl. 107.7 . cid daitsiu nábad lat in curathmír, LU 8112. diambad Chú, 3752 . dámadh linn, TSh. 5962. combad chennach, LU 4296. bá cubaid cíapad tussu bad dall, Trip.² 1516. dūs imbad lór, Mon. Tall. 133.8 . mun budh le druimm cáein Cesrach, Anecd. i 32 § 60. minbud thu, ii 4.11 . ar na bud ed, PH 3074. ? go nach budh rí ar Israel tú `ne sis rex,' TSh. 8330. cid daitsiu ... nád bod latt curadmir Emna, LU 8140. cía lasmboth scīth ┐ lasmboth laind techt int slōgaid, TBC-I¹ 154.

(iii)

(a) bid (this form, which Thurn. ( GOI § 806 ) suggests may be an unstressed form of vn. buith, occurs regularly after amal, oldaas, is cumme, in doich, in comparative and equative clauses and in a few other instances. This would suit an ex. like Thes. ii 294 § 3 below but does not explain phrases where bid follow amal, is cumme, etc. It survives into Mid. Ir. but is somet. replaced by bed or bad, and in a few cases spreads to other types of sentence (amal bid is regularly folld. by acc. cf. mainbad, above): amal bid dia as though he were God, Wb. 26a7 . amal bid claind noclantis, Ml. 63b9 . amail bith ball di crist, Thes. ii 255.14 (Stowe M.). amal fid na derscaigthiu, Ml. 37b22 . amal bid inn accaldim deithidnig (leg. nd.), 35c27 . is cumme doib bid idalte domeltis, Wb. 10c3 . in doich bid saindóire dúnni, 10d1 . is nessa do inni lemm oldaas bid ar n-áinsem, 4b17 . ní lugu ... indáas bid praeceptóir asidindissed, Ml. 42b18 . arna tomnitisom bid do irgairiu cotulta, Wb. 25c12 (see above under (i) where this type of sentence occurs with bed in Wb. 13c2 and Ml. 40c17 ). ni meite bid machdad forgare forru, Sg. 161b12 . ba coru tra bid adnuntiabit nobeth híc , Ml. 45b14 . soilsidir bid hi lugburt, Thes. ii 294 § 3 ( SP iii ).

(b) amal bid oc caíned ... [no beth], Trip.² 87. amal bid do thecht secha, IT i 72.14 . amail bid a haongiun, Corm. Y 1059.37 . amal bid fótrond ..., LU 9099 (FB). ba doich lind bid din lucht forācaibset som, ZCP viii 313.25 . ba hé mo líthsa bid é do-chorad and, BDD² 494. asberat alaili bid di lucht na luinge ..., ZCP viii 313.23 . In a type of sentence where it did not occur in O. Ir.: flaith athuigh na bid flaith a athair whose father was not a chief, Laws ii 200.21 . nā tānic rīam nā īarum bīd (leg. bid) errdarcu, MacCongl. 45.28 . ar cend neich bid (budh, v.l.) éolchu ┐ bid síne andás, Ériu iv 126.15 . ingen bid chaime tochim, RC xxiv 198.24 . In the follg. exx. O. Ir. would show bid: amal bud he Crist, PH 129. mar bud, 4098 . amal bad a domun aile thíssad, TBFr. 278. is cumme lem bed (bid, v.l. App.) i taulchubu fhína no beth mo chend, TBFr. 47. in dōig bad ē Conchobur, TBC-I¹ 2758. (cf. also: ba doig bed n-ingcert, Ml. 61b15 ). dōig leam bad i ndiamraib ... nobeith, TBC-I¹ 884.

(iv) With ma (má),

(a) mad: mad mo ríar-sa dognethe and, Wb. 9d25 . mad forcenn libuir, Ml. 2d1 .

(b) mad, mád: mad meise con-ísed mo chomairle, BDD² 708. mád ina ṡláinti ind fir fil sund robad chomairche ar Ultaib ulib, LU 3303.

(v) With cía, ce although ,

(a) cid: ni pu imdu do in mann cid trén oc tecmallad `though he were,' Wb. 16c25 .

(b) cid: cid fín bárc do-téised treut, BDD² 740.

II Forms with ro-. ro- is rare with past subj. The instances are:

(a) act robad tairismech linni, Wb. 18d11 . ní ar maith friu ... act is corpad mithig lessom inducbál dia nóibaib, 4c37 .

(b) ? ingé (read perhaps itge, Ed.) ropad limsa ol sésim adpand do seinm tr. `I would crave a boon, said he, to play a tune,' Mon. Tall. 131.28 . acht corbad maithi a gnima, Ériu v 124.76 . amal ro bad pheccad leo as though they considered it a sin, PH 3232.

pl. 1

Abs.

(a) bimmis, bemmis : amal bimmis octarche `as if we were dregs,' Wb. 9a7 . amal bemmis bibdaid, Ml. 114d4 .

(b) amal bemís marb, PH 2967.

Conj.

(a) -bimmis : amal ni bimmis cutrummi frib, Wb. 17b16 . Ml. 63b1 . commimmis ecil hi fochidib, Wb. 29b16 . commimis less huili, 6b21 .

(b) -badar : acht co mbadar maithe díblínaib, TBC-LL¹ 35.

pl. 2 No instance.

pl. 3

Abs.

(a) bitis, betis: nírbu mou leu bríg a tobai indate bitis cranna doiscairi dufubaitis `than though they had been cutting down common trees,' Ml. 92d6 . donaib déedib betis chloithib, 131d11 . amal betis degmaini, 90a14 .

(b) bitis, betis, batis : amal bitis chóic ṡutralla, Trip.² 1448. ba bindithir ... ┐ betis téta mennchrot, BDD² 189. TBFr. 27. amal betís margretai, PH 2445. dicunt betis secht maic, ZCP viii 314.34 (Laud Gen.). asberat araile batis trī brāthir, ib. 331.14 (ib.). doruimenatar bádis fir ṡīthe, Trip.² 1112.

Conj.

(a) -btis, -ptis : comtis indbaid i n-iris, Wb. 10d33 . conabdis apstil, 5b15 . comtis ainmmnidi, Sg. 7b2 . coniptis erlama, Ml. 100c24 . maniptis mu charait, Ml. 73d1 . Sg. 120a1 . ni aisndet duaid airmdis hé iusti indí ..., Ml. 54a12 . airmtis ní etir, 79b11 . amtis forbristi ind ríg, 85d9 .

(b) -btis, -ptis : comtis secht maic, Trip.² 901. PH 7013. comdis sidhaighthi, ZCP xiii 254.12 . comtís comarda síat, TBC-LL¹ 5015. ba cóir ceniptis árdda do chongbala-su, Trip.² 1564. naptis messaiti, Ériu iv 24 § 10. diambtís rátha iat, MU² 376. diambtís craind, 434 . ciabtis cosmaile, SR 2892. ciapdis ganna, Anecd. ii 69.8 . ciamdis dimolta, i 21.5 . With amal betis under (a) above, cf. marbtís máirb as though they were dead, LU 9761. immarbdais meic do, 4097 .

With ma

(a) matis : matis huili conabdis apstil tantum `if it were all (the Jews) and not the apostles only,' Wb. 5b15 . matis mu namait, Ml. 73b1 .

(b) matis is replaced in Mid. Ir. by diambtís q.v., supra.

Fut.

s. 1

Abs.

(a) be : be sóir mo brethre `I shall be free as regards my word,' Wb. 4c18 . bé (biam, bum, v.ll.) sóir cech inbaid, Hy. iv 8.

(b) bea, bem, bam, bíam, bidam : bem (bea, v.l.) torbach[u]-sa duit-si oldās ..., Corm. Y 1059.30 = bam tarbach sa deit, Anecd. iv p. xiv.y . in hed bam beo, SR 3187. Ériu iv 142.z . bam tarb tnúith isna tressaib, IT iii 510 § 4. Anecd. i 12.7 . bam anoraigti-sea oc Dia, PH 2428. biam tigerna os cech drung, SR 855. bíam cúsa ... dot imdegail, LU 5027. bidam chusa, TBC-LL¹ 1049 (v.l., Eg.). bidam bithchuimnech, RC xvi 46 ( Dinds. 95 ). CCath. 3348. bídham tigerna fer an domain, 4046 .

Conj. (a) No instance.

(b) -pam : ni pam slán-sa ... conid n-accur, IT i 72.1 . nípam comchirtisea do neoch, LU 4248.

s. 2

Abs.

(a) No instance.

(b) ba, basa, bat, biat, bidat : ba baeth, SR 5955. ba bruiden ban ndérach, Metr. Dinds. iii 96.19 . bása bec bíaid úair | basa már iar tain, LU 9854. bat neirt ar do lochnamtib, LU 10423. bat (ba, v.l.) fornocht, Metr. Dinds. iii 96.4 . bat (ba, bad, v.ll.) dín ar gád, ib. 9 . bát nimidech, LU 9633. biat rīsiu co derb, PRIA iii (3rd ser.) 546 § 8 . § 15 . biat forscailtech, ib. § 17 ( LL 147a ). bidat úallach, ZCP vii 298.17 . LB 151a48 . bidhit neimedach, BNnÉ 93 § 204. toīsechu bia marb oldās bia meirb, PRIA iii 546 § 8 ( LL 147a9 ) (this is really the form of the subst. vb. but seems to be intended as copula, cf. biat, above).

Conj.

(a) Strachan ( Subst. Vb. l. 1316 ) gives : co mba soilse-siu, Wb. 22c3 (gl. inluminabit tibi Christus) but translates `so that thou mayest be,' Thes. i p. 639 which is probably correct.

(b) -ba, -bat : adbert fria drai ... ni bam rai (? leg. niba-m-drai) badechtsa mene dingba ..., BB 407a1 . da lecea tú Ísu ass, ni bat cara do Cessair, PH 2815.

s. 3

Abs.

(a) bid, bith : bid héet lib-si geinti do bith in hiris, Wb. 5a13 . bid cumma et riam, 18a13 . bith sechmadachte, Sg. 147b3 . bith flaithem intí Solam for saint, Ml. 90a9 .

(b) bid, bith, beith, bed, bud : bid nath n-airec fordarc, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 16.6 . bidsom fria toil `it (heaven) will be at their pleasure,' Mon. Tall. 141.17 . bid misi, Trip.² 1963. Laws i 6.z . bid calma, TBC-I¹ 2469. bid hē lā a phennati, MacCongl. 29.6 . PH 4032. ata lasna tuati beith lór dóib do ascnam nime acht doratat ní dona hanmchairtib, Mon. Tall. 141.15 . rochrúfemne ... ind pennit bes chóir fortsu. Bed cet ol D., 130.23 . With inf. pron. s. 2 : bidat eigen dola, Aisl. Tond. 101.x . ammarach bud maith do threóir, Anecd. i 39 § 114. ib. 17.18 . RC xxiv 194.7 . budh hē bērus an bāiri, ZCP xiii 17.27 . budh iomdha ann fós arracht ag eagcaoine, TSh. 4068.

Conj.

(a) -pa, -ba : nípa cosmuil frisin titacht tóisig, Wb. 25d13 . níba cuit adíll, 14a8 . níbbá i n-anus regaid int diruidigud, Sg. 36b1 . in corp i mba flaith in coimdiu, Wb. 9d3 . With inf. pron. s. 3 : nípa-dn-aidrech, 5c9 .

(b) -ba, -pa, -bo, -po, -bu, -pu, -b, -bad, -bud : níba ed bias de, Trip.² 453. BDD² 58. niba fír, ScM. § 11.2 . nipa mor do brig lais, Mon. Tall. 142.4 . admat na ba tíamdae, Fél. Prol. 294. nīpa mise, TBC-I¹ 2141. níbá fír sin, LU 8199. ár | día[m]bá lán Mag F., 3368 . With inf. pron. s. 2 : níbat écen nach n-aill, MU² 1037 (LU). ? nib amles, LU 3325 (tr. `it will be no harm,' SCC 117 ). toingimsa ... corob misi cētfer roficfa (b inserted later, Ed.), TBC-I¹ 2243. mani thuaslaicea isind chaisc nipo assa doib iarum, Mon. Tall. 132.17 . nipo fócrach, Ériu vii 219 § 2. nībo dirsan dait, TBC-I¹ 1048. nipu sén maith itir ... ni fu líth don fleid, FDG 121. nī bu inmuin, Bruchst. 60 § 134. níbu shirsan, TBFr. 370 (= nipi siursan, App. § 26 ). nī bad (ba, v.l.) fāilid, Bruchst. 40 § 95. bat righ uili iat gin co budh comṡaeglach, Anecd. ii 1.15 .

rel.

(a) bes`, bas` : in hed bes chobuir dó, Wb. 20c10 . bes lintae, Ml. 44d7 . hore bas fír quod dicam, Wb. 17d20 .

(b) bas`, bus` : Marcán ... bas dech do Uíb Garrchon, Trip.² 2191. félire bas (bus, v.l.) certu, Fél. Ep. 148. ro-fessar ... bas n-olc, LU 7566 (BDD). ni-sn-idnus sund nī bus siriu, TBC-I¹ 3104. inní bus comairle [lat-sa is sí bas chomairle] linne, Anecd. i 41.3 - 4 . cīan bus chumain, ZCP viii 119 § 4. an feadh bhus cumhain leó iad, TSh. 1256.

pl. 1

(a) bimmi ?, bemmi, bammi : isin chruth-sin bimmi nóib-ni, Wb. 3d27 (but see ZCP xxxii 120-21 ). 12c9 . bemmi caelestis, 13d15 . isamlid bami coeheredes , 4a17 .

(b) batin: batin aithrig is tír thall `we shall rue it,' Ériu i 68 § 3 (this is from a poem, occurring in H 3. 18 and LL, which Meyer ascribes to 9th cent. Perhaps one should take it as : ba don-aithrig it will be a matter of regret to us, but cf. atin budig de we are content, Anecd. i 5.18 = YBL 129b23 ).

pl. 2 ? folaich in mac, bar bibdaith bāis ind dia fessara Mac Con, ZCP viii 311.5 , CMMucr. 69 .

pl. 3

Abs.

(a) bit : bit hé na precepta cétni no pridchob doib, Wb. 17b20 . bit comṡuidichthi, Sg. 4b1 . bit comlin fri fér, Ml. 90b8 .

(b) bit, be(i)t, bat, biat, bidat : bit coirmmgnáithi do chomarpai, Trip.² 1565. bit fūaitne fīanna lib Luigne, Corm. Y 1018.46 . bit lia mairb ... andate a mbí, LU 7187 (BDD). bit lir bomand ega ... for lethchind, 7233 (ib.). beit fir móra ar macáin bic | ...bid daim ríata laíg ar mbó, LU 9587 - 9 . bed glana chenai, Mon. Tall. 130.1 . bet imnaraig, Anecd. ii 55.4 . bat mairb fir, IT iii 470.105 . bat lana, TBC-LL¹ 1055. ? in dóig bát dom éligudsa ón ? that they will be a cause of accusation to me (?), LU 3277 (obscure, perhaps bat is s. 2). biat mathi do chland, PRIA iii (3rd ser.) 546 § 9 ( LL 147a10 ). bidat gai géra, ib. 550 § 31. bidat marthanaig, LU 1998. bidat mo na huilc innas ..., CCath. 988.

Conj.

(a) -pat, -bat, -bet : nipat ferr, Wb. 12d28 . nibat litre, Sg. 6b23 . níbat briathra, Ml. 68c10 . a mbat n-airbirthi buith, 94d1 . anambet ecailsi, 15d7 .

(b) -pat, -bat, -pdat, -bad : nipat ili anmand eissi, Trip.² 934. ní bat buana, TBC-LL¹ 1692. nipdat duthaine, SR 8355. airm inbat budig do bēoil, MacCongl. 77.4 . im bad tíre ┐ feranna, Anecd. i 42.1 . ní bad sgíotha dot sgéulaibh | na Burcaigh, Studies 1919, 439 § 10 .

rel.

(a) beta` : beta hícthi, Wb. 3d29 . beta messi, Ml. 70a9 .

Sec. Fut.

s. 1

Abs.

(a) No instance.

(b) badam : cid andib badam slansa mad ail duitsiu, Ériu xii 166.13 (Tochm. Ét.).

Conj. -badam : [ba] meti nibadam beo d' ingnais rig M. `I were not likely to live,' Ériu x 190.16 ( LL 276a41 ).

s. 2

(a) No instance.

(b) ropadat, badat : díambad curadmir do chosnam i nEmain duit, ropadatren (for ropadat trén, Edd.) for ōcaib Emna, LU 6720. ar badat slanchommairgi-siu bar Ultaib, TBC-LL¹ 1165.

s. 3

I Forms with ro-.

Abs.

(a) ropad`, robad` ; ar ropad maith limsa labrad ilbelre dúibsi, Wb. 12c29 . Sg. 90b2 . robad bethu dom dían chomalninn, Wb. 3c28 . roppad diil tanaisi, Sg. 111b2 . dorairngred dano rombad oirdnide a chland, Wb. 2c12 .

(b) robad`, ropad`, rubad`; robud` : robad chongbail ... dó, Trip.² 1731. robad chomairche ar Ultaib ulib, LU 3303. asbert fria rubad torrach húad, 10601 . robud sía, ACL iii 304.16 . ropad chora, PH 2593. robad was later replaced by dobad : dobadh cōir, Feis Tighe Chonáin 130. dobudh aisg ar m'fhine tar m'ēisi sin, ML² 1413. dobudh mór an éagcóir, TSh. 4845. 2718 , which in turn gave way to the modal pret.

Conj. No conjunct ro- forms occur.

II Forms without ro-.

Abs. These are rare in the Glosses and do not occur in independent sentences, but become more usual later.

(a) bed` : conidfessed cia bed flaith inna diad, Ml. 89b7 . bed messe gl. ratum fore, 105b14 .

(b) bed`, bad`, bud` (bud seems not always to have been folld. by lenition, see ex. below from TSh.) : asbert fri Cassan bed n-ann a eiseirgi, Trip.² 828. ní bad toisigiu dún something that would be ..., Trip.² 117. Corm. Y 473. cia bad chōir do thabairt, TBC-I¹ 2203. BDD² 126. cia de bud ferr la hUltu ..., TBC-I¹ 692. ní bud fiú sain, Anecd. i 28 § 28. budh urlamh, Studies 1921, 75 § 15 . an bél dúnta as eadh budh ḟearr, IGT Decl. ex. 1285. budh dual, TSh. 1584. In independent sentences, where O. Ir. would show robad : bád maith limsa, LU 3354. faicthear 'n-a dhorus a dheilbh | 's badh solus aitreabh Ifeirn Hell would be radiant, DDána 60 § 37.

Conj.

(a) The forms without ro- supply the conjunct of both bed and robad. -bad`, -pad` : na bad eola inar cintaib, Wb. 33b21 . asbertis cipad a déne ind hesséirgi, 25b27 . níbad ṡamlaid, Sg. 4b4 .

(b) -bad`, -bud` (in the latest exx. there seems not to have been lenition) : imrāidset ... nīpad andsu, TBC-I¹ 1330. ni bad chained, TBC-LL¹ 34. na bud chalmu, 2063 . adubart-sa ... comadh fearr, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1132. ní bud liacha, BDD² 493. fá bud chasmail, PH 7544. nī bud cobair, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, 93 § 36 . do bhríogh gomadh cosmhail, TSh. 4766.

pl. 1 and 2 No instances.

pl. 3

I Forms with ro-.

Abs.

(a) robtis, roptis : epert ... robtis maithi for mbésa-si, Wb. 16b19 . roptis imdai piana donaib anmanaib, Ml. 15c8 .

(b) robtis, roptis : roptis fola ocus cro | mo der do marb Imblecho, AU i 138.15 . asbert roptis gallraig, Trip.² 2786. roptis ferra, Anecd. ii 53.14 . robtis (roptís, LU) do renga, TBC-I¹ 1182.

Conj. No instance.

II Forms without ro- :

Abs.

(a) No instance.

(b) be(i)tis, beidis : robad do chland-su betis comarpai ind, Trip.² 1710. beitis lir leamsa cendae fer ..., TBC-I¹ 3543. bad dōig lim beidis hē fir Themra, 3371 .

Conj. -btis, -ptis, -bdís : asbert P. nabtis toirthig, Trip.² 2455. connaptís bí, LU 9519. nibdís aingil diada, PH 1787.

Pret.

s. 1

I Forms without ro-.

Abs.

(a) basa : basa iudide ó écosc `I was a Jew in appearance,' Wb. 10d34 .

(b) ba(sa), bam(sa), basam : ba-sa cāem, Corm. Y 883.53 . ba-sa cu-sa tairdbi buiden, Anecd. iii 53.13 and 15 (Sia- burcharpat) = basa chausa ..., LU 9328. ba-sa cathach, Tec. Corm. § 8.8 . basa chúsa, LU 9326 , 9328 . bása chomrar, 9335 . bassa collid giallasa, 9318 . bam-sa cu-sa, Anecd. iii 53.10 . fam rí (bainrith, v.l.) ar énlaith Érenn, i 36 § 87 . ba-sa maoth fri maithi, ba-sam imnedach frimm tair, iii 53.20 . basam (bam-sa, bam-siu, v.ll.) dalta tair[i]si, ii 71.7 .

Conj.

(a) -psa : nipsa iudide ó béssaib, Wb. 10d35 . 17c2 . hore am apstal ... cainipsa sóir ce dognén cach ngním, 10c16 .

(b) -psa, -bsa, -ba, ? -bam, -msa, -sam : nipsa chúsa gabála lis, LU 9325 = nipsa cu-sa ..., Anecd. iii 53.10 . nipsa cell cin chlocc, ii 60.4 . nipsa (nirsam, nipsam, v.ll.) condirclech, Ériu ix 45 § 2. ciapsa reithenech, ib. (geinsam, ciamsam, robsam, rosam, gersam, gerbam, gerbhum, v.ll.) ciapsa duine ciapsa bled, LU 3003 = ciarsam ... ciarsam ..., Fél. 52.37 . domgní mūichnech ingnais Ērenn | diamsa cuimsech for which I (myself) was accountable (?), ZCP vii 309.24 . i mbsa dechenborach ... i mbsa fichtech, Tec. Corm. § 8.6 - 7 . imsa nāidi robsa nā[i]r, Ériu ii 16 § 5. nimsa cu-sa imlo[m]tha fuidhel, Anecd. iii 53.13 and 15 = nipsa cháusa ..., LU 9327. ? cach crích ar bam cend `where I was head,' PRIA III (3rd ser.) 550 § 35 ( LL 147a ). pecdach mé ósam macám, IGT Decl. ex. 376.

II Forms with ro-.

Abs.

(a) rupsa, ropsa, robsa, rob : rupsa frithortae-se, Wb. 33a12 . doménarsa ropsa beo, 3c27 . Ml. 49b12 . durumenar romsa dia ┐ rom bith-béu, 49b13 .

(b) ropsa, robsa, ropsam, robsam, robsum, robam, ropom : an airet ropsa béo, Trip.² 1434. ropsa altra dia aithair, Anecd. ii 71.4 . imsa nāidi robsa nā[i]r, Ériu ii 16 § 5. robsa ceile si do Ch., ZCP viii 545.7 . ropsam aithrech isin ngním-sin, PH 701. robsam fíadnaisech fodeirc, Ériu iv 153.4 . robsum flaith, BS 126.6 . Metr. Dinds. iii 310.85 . robam céle comadas, LU 3972. ropom tuire tend, PRIA III (3rd ser.) 550 § 35 ( LL 147a ). robam rí ar ó ngelChuind, IGT Decl. ex. 537.

Conj.

(a) -rbsa, -robsa, -rupsa, -rubsa : nirbsa dagduine i tossuch, Wb. 18c14 . anarbsa fuillectae-se, Ml. 127c17 . corupsa lán diib, 104d3 . annarobsa bithe, 45d6 . arromsa cumscaigthe, 46b9 . arrumsa immainse-se, 62c9 .

(b) -rsam (-rbsam) (the sense is very frequently pres. indic. a survival of the original perfect sense), -rbam : is mise Fintan fili, | nirsam écne óen-lindi, Metr. Dinds. i 4.42 . níorsum duine do éra, ML² 1959. nirsum drochlaech, ZCP viii 548.18 . níor sum (níor soim, níor shámh, ní rabhus, v.ll.) taithleach na n-each riamh, Ériu i 100.23 . gērsam snímhach Fiadat find, Ériu ii 95 § 4. gearsom glic nīr chrainn um ní, KMMisc. 350 § 7. corbam tualaingse, Anecd. i 10.17 . ciarbam treórach, nírbam timm, Metr. Dinds. iii 312.131 . Aisl. Tond. 96.4 . gerbham sáeirfher séimh, BS 28.10 . Brethnaigh níor bham caroid-si, Duan. F. i 87.y . or bham nóidiu since I was, LL 282a12 .

s. 2

I Forms without ro-.

Abs.

(a) No instance.

(b) ba, bat, basat : cia bátar do gníma intan basat (v.l.) gilla, Tec. Corm. § 8.2 . bat dín ar gád 's ar guba | bat fál is bat fidruba, Metr. Dinds. iii 96.9 - 10 (bad, ba, v.ll.). a chlaidib Cherbaill ... bát menic ac cur chatha, RC xx 9 §1 ( LL 47a50 ).

Conj.

(a) No instance.

(b) -bi: cot-ráncamar ó bim (órbat v.l.), BDD² 1173 (Ed's. note : `read ó bi mac (D), where bi seems pret. s. 2').

II Forms with ro-.

Abs.

(a) robsa, rubsa : huare romsa ugaire doib `because Thou wast a shepherd unto them,' Ml. 96d1 . arrumsa dite-siu, 103a4 .

(b) ropsa, rupsa, ropsat, robsat, ropat, robat, ropot: an tan rupsa Etain Echraidhe ... ba misi do cetmui[n]ter, Ériu xii 170.6 (Tochm. Ét.) (= ropsa, LU 10771 ). intan ropsa (ropsat, basat, v.ll.) gilla, Tec. Corm. § 8.2 . ropsat slan o chianaib dia fesmais `thou shouldst have been healed,' Ériu xii 166.12 (Tochm. Ét.) (= ropdat slán, LU 10746 (sec. fut.)). uair ropsat cara, PH 3099. LL 343d53 . intan robsat Cernach-sa, ZCP i 104.36 . ropsat fraechda, RC xx 12 § 16. ropot álaind ó chíanaib, IT iii 514 § 6. is derb ropat degairle, 482.280 . robat cara do cech cléir, 482.277 .

Conj.

(a) No instance.

(b) -rbsat, -rsat, -rsa, -rbat : ro-t-rathaig narbsat fírgaeth that you were not, SR 1318. nirbsat meirb, RC xx 12 § 16. nirsat neóit, TBC-LL¹ 43. lēir dam ... | nārsat cara do Chellach, CCellaig 447 (where the sense is pres. indic.). gérsa maeth-macámh ... i tús lai o chianaib thu, ZCP viii 529.12 . cot-ráncamar órbat (v.l., see n.) mac, BDD² 1173.

s. 3

I Forms without ro-.

Abs.

(a) ba, bu (once in Tur.) (gemination occurs after ba, see below) : ba frithorgon dó frithorgon cháich, Thes. ii 246.18 (Camb.). ba calar do galar caich, ib. 16 (do.). ba uissiu són quam inflatio , Wb. 9b1 (modal). 29d8 . ba hed ón ba chóir, Wb. 10b9 . aní ba choitchen, 50a3 . a mba cloithe `when he was overcome,' Ml. 32b2 . a mba ndiuscartae, 19c15 . ar ba P. dubert baithis du Chrimthunn, Thes. ii 242.9 (Ardm.). ba em carat `it were, indeed, the part of a friend,' Thes. i 3.4 . ar ba mmadach, Ml. 135a9 . ba mmo, 86d6 . (cf. ba mmebul lee, TBFr. 136 ). air bu ainm leusom maledictus do c[ec]h óin ..., Tur. 136.

(b) ba, bu, bo, be (once), pa, fa, fá, fo, bad, bud : ba slán iarom, Trip.² 1517. bá cubaid, 1516 (modal). ba lith mor la Colum cille, Mon. Tall. 156.7 . ba di Bretnaib di, Trip.² 707. rofitir in ben ba o Lomnae rofes, Corm. Y 1018.26 . Fél. Nov. 5. ba ferr a comaitecht ... oldaas a tuitim, IT i 75.6 (modal). ba mese ba sacart oc baistiud ind anma-sin fora athair, ScM. § 12.9 . nip sī sin adaig ba sāmam (rectius sh-) dōib, TBC-I¹ 211. BDD² 423. co torchratar bond fri bond ... ba sí tiget ind áirbaig such was the denseness of, TBC-I¹ 1996. cach nech ba siniu ┐ ba so, PH 104. in ti ba (?=ba a) tir `the person whose land it was,' Laws iv 4.29 Comm. With inf. pron. s. 3 : ba-id-n-imomain-side he was greatly afraid, TBC-I¹ 786. With suffixed -ch (= Lat. -que) (see Thurn., ZCP xiii 299f .) : do-luid tar feart a cedteallaig bach for fine forcomal `und es war eine gewaltsame Besitzergreifung gegen die Sippe,' Laws iv 16.22 (tr. Thurn., loc. cit.). bach ri Temrach, 178.13 . 16.22 . nī ticc dīa ēissi bu duilgi āer, MacCongl. 9.5 . ar bo fortachtaid dó día mboí i moxaini, Trip.² 254. bo ferr, BDD² 1320. a mbo ṡeiscc dind ḟolud, TBC-I¹ 1127. is aice bo doigh a mbith, no is e bo doich da fagbail, Laws iv 36.8 Comm. be sé sin trian macraidi Ulad, LU 5907. ol pa immaircede leis Loch nEchach, Trip.² 1956. pa menci, K. and H. § 1. pa hamru delp Fothith, ZCP xx 401.3 . The earlier instances of fa are mostly rel., but later it becomes freq. in non-rel. use. fá is the regular form in TSh. : is mé fa hairdbrethim binn, Anecd. i 28 § 30. 36 § 91 . curob é fa ri Connacht, v 21.25 . im orgain fa togaidhi do Ingcél i nHérinn, BDD² 423. as í fa banchele dó .i. Eithne ... fa díl ... leis hí, Ériu iii 150 § 1. beathadhach fá cosmhail ré mathghamhain, TSh. 1025. 3264 . (Cf. fa gairit limm beth ar Bóinn, Anecd. i 26.15 . Ériu iv 116 § 24. fa hadhbail re innisin an toran[n], Feis Tighe Chonáin 1841. IGT Decl. ex. 861. fá héigean, TSh. 2489. 5559 . 3715 ). ised sin fo lucht dō, Ériu ii 20 § 1. ri fo ferr sith, Ann. Conn. 1224 § 2. issed bad doig la C., Mon. Tall. 161.22 . ? bat (? bad) ead indas ind troiscti sin, 155.35 . bád chumma rom altsat Ulaid uli, LU 10305. do bríogh gurab é Eóin budh teó grádh, TSh. 10328. do bhríogh gurab é Ádhamh budh ceann fine, 9 .

Conj.

(a) -pu`, -bu`, -po`, -bo`, ? -p` (elision of vowel before initial vowel) : nípu accobor leiss, Wb. 14a22 . nípu séit samil, Thes. i 495.26 (Ardm.). Hy. v 7. nipu nach dernainn-se áem, Wb. 8a5 . Thes. i 495.4 (Ardm.). cepu ed adroilliset, Wb. 4c35 . ar nibu thacair, 33b13 . nibu techtae (`rectius: thechtae, but cf. 34c17 , 53d6 ,' Ed.), 100b22 . níbu machdath, Sg. 65a1 . conepertis ón nadmbu choir, Ml. 136b4 . in loc diambu thabarthi ermitiu feid, 22a4 . nipo chóim, Wb. 4b12 . nípo úaib act ba o apsatalib, 13a20 . napo chenéel, 5a14 . nibo cen fochidi, 24c19 . ? nip (`leg. nipu ? or is it subjunctive ?,' Ed.) ar irlami far cúrsagtha, 26b23 . 5b3 .

(b) -pu`, -bu`, -po`, -bo`, -p`, -b`, -ba`, -fa`, -bad (as lenition was somet. marked we may assume it was regular) : rofitir P. nípu chian, Trip.² 2866. LU 4974. Fél. Sept. 27. nīpu samlaid, TBC-I¹ 1280. napu díb lamaib, LL 123b2 . asrubart M. nibu moo, Mon. Tall. 133.10 . ni bu cād, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 40 § 17. ni bu chul serci, IT i 77.2 . nī bu ṡanct-Brigit ṡúanach, Hy. v 21 ō bu becān, Ériu viii 164.7 . cíid iarom P. combu [ḟ]liuch a agad, Trip.² 1305. nabu cert, SR 3673. nīpo rom, TBC-I¹ 1728. dalēici sōn C., cobo (LU combo) thairis docher, 1737 . ni bo chomailt, AU i 110.8 . Fél. Prol. 114. BDD² 549. abaind letain nádbo domain, LU 1747 (ICM). combo chomsolus lá ┐ adaig, 8056 . iarfaigis dó cia diambo cheli, 8535 (FB). nī fo cīan, TBC-I¹ 485. nipsī sin adaig ba sāmam dōib, TBC-I¹ 211. nip seoit fo-fhiallach, Anecd. ii 57.z . ba fae leo nip n-ēn comadus ina n-ēill, Corm. Y 1059.18 . nīb sī t'opar comadhas, TBC-I¹ 785. nib sam, Anecd. i 13.14 . roluited ind scīn co nāb ālaind īarnamarach, Corm. Y 883.32 . níba s[h]uthain, TBFr. 5. comba samalta ┐ snāth ōir, TBC-I¹ 2027. comba comsolus lá ┐ adaig, LU 10125. co mba fliuch, BDD² 885. FDG 615. comba taí tastadach for Ultaib, MU² 119. PH 1082 (there is no instance here of lenition marked after comba). taitned fria in grían co bba forderg, BDD² 12. diamba Cholum coemdalta, LU 752. ni fa si do conair, YBL 174b14 . co nebairt co mbad mac don rig he, FDG 724.

II Forms with ro-.

Abs.

(a) rupu`, rubu`, ropu`, robu`, ropo`, robo` : rupu sí a rroilic, Wb. 33a22 . aní rupu thascide, Thes. ii 225.17 (Pcr.). rubu fer-som muintere, Wb. 33a5 . Essu rubu thoisech hi suidiu, Ml. 63b5 . ropu thol les a dénom, Ml. 71b2 . hore rombu thoissech, Wb. 33a20 . ar robbu digaim, Sg. 17a5 . robu foirbthe, Tur. 33. ropo thróg laiss, Wb. 21b5 . ropo thol, 14b3 . ropo chobair dond Érinn | tíchtu Patraicc, Hy. ii 15. amal rombo chuimse, Wb. 22a2 .

(b) ropu`, robu`, ropo`, robo`, rupa`, ropa`, roba`, rop`, rob`, rap`, ro bud ; do replacing ro : do bo`, do ba`, do bu`, dob`, do bud ; dorob (where the final vowel has dropped out the copula is nearly always folld. by a vowel or ḟ) : rob e a n-immed conna ... `such was their multitude that' ..., Thes. ii 298.9 ( Hy. i Introd. ). sádid echlaisc and ropu dos iarom, Trip.² 1851. TBFr. 11. ind ingen robu ṡiniu, Trip.² 1116. ropo cridiscél, Mon. Tall. 136.23 . ropo thír cāich, Hail Brigit § 2. ropo suthain, LU 1077. PH 1673. robo maith, Corm. Y 31. nirbo chucumsa ... robo chóir dál, LU 8750. ar rup[a] la Coirpre Crích Conaill, Trip.² 1724. ropa anaichnid, PH 5287. Mon. Tall. 136.20 . (asbert) ... romba si sainserc samdine hé, Mon. Tall. 150.14 . an romba (arrombúi, v.l.) dech do thimthagail, Corm. Y 1059.12 . is ar a deirc ... ro-ba buidech Dia do Abél, PH 5882. rop nem thened tír Hua Néill, BDD² 240 (= ropo, LU 6743 ). rop é fochond ná dilend, LU 129. rofidir ... rop si Etain, Ériu xii 154.2 . rob aille leo, Corm. Y 503. ScM. § 240. PH 1590. túaith rob ferr icht, Metr. Dinds. iii 310.88 . PH 68. uar rombi (ro-m-bī) ind fit cetne, Mon. Tall. 147.14 . rap aithrech, Ériu vii 229 § 75. dobo mana crimb chnáma, Anecd. i 31 § 50. dobo cléguin, Ériu iv 112 § 2. doba díchur flaithesa dō, ML² 1422. doba ferr linn, KMMisc. 320.4 . doba dhainmidh dhó a ndermad, IGT Decl. ex. 1180. dob áil, PH 7584. dob fhíor, Feis Tighe Chonáin 72. fa chloinn Uisnigh dob ḟearr clú, KMMisc. 356 § 4. dob fhearr liom go n-eagnuighidís (utinam saperent), TSh. 6857. 4957 (both modal). do búdh tusa cnoc na cclíar, KMMisc. 346 I § 2 . do budh [de] chloind Cuillinn ..., Feis Tighe Chonáin 1161. adharc ... dobudh faide ionā an adharc oile, TSh. 22. dorob ingnad in cuairt crecht, Ériu v 246.228 .

Conj.

(a) -r(o)bu`, -r(u)bu`, -rbo` (the exx. in which the vowel of ro is not syncopated are all from Ml.) : nírbu faás foruigéni, Wb. 13b7 . nírbu chuman leu, Ml. 124b5 . hóre nárbu bae, Wb. 5b12 . Ml. 60a12 . donarobu gnath techt for culu, 129d3 . corbu écen, Wb. 32c17 . Ml. 31b16 . corrobu bec, 131b12 . conrubu chrín, 99a2 . indí ... lasinrubu chumtabart, 102d4 . 131d11. nírbo sar leu ar cocéilsine, Wb. 19a1 . nirbo chuit eperte, 24c5 .

(b) -rbu`, -rpu`, -rpo`, -rbo`, rba`, -rob`, -rb`, -ra, -r`, -rsa(t), -rso : nírpu sía léu oldaas oenuair, Trip.² 2054. nirbu chían, LU 1756 (ICM). corbu réill, Trip.² 2136. ciarbu tholgdae, Fél. 125. fer fial ... diarmbu (sic) lan Temair, AU i 394. 13 (A.D. 878) . nírpo o chridiu, Trip.² 1562. nír bo thoirneach ..., BDD² 191. LU 915. corbo chonair letartha, TBC-I¹ 1887. gérbo tri haicmedha íatt, Anecd. v 20.25 . nírba maith, LU 315. nirba choir, Anecd. i 20.14 . PH 3078. adeirdis corba mac, Corm. Y 896.8 . gurbha (gur fa, v.l.) héigean dó, TSh. 2484. órba cindti forba a bethad dó, BColm. 96.4 . nī rob urāil, Bruchst. 37 § 87. nirb oróil, MacCongl. 111.7 . nírbh é, IGT Decl. ex. 1274. níorbh fheasach, TSh. 2973. nocorb áil, Trip.² 397. aided narb inmain, ScM. § 24d . ainm ... ionarb éigean sinne do shlánughadh, TSh. 2088. níra míad leo dul assin chrích co mbetís aidchi longphuirt inti, MU² 843. nīr mīad ... leis ind ūaburdelb ... tārfas dōib, TBC-I¹ 2020. nīr cōir, ACL iii 221.24 (modal). nir thim a ḟer, Ériu v 244.211 . Feis Tighe Chonáin 1203. níor ghrása na bronntanas na grása ... dá mbeith ..., Donlevy 214.y (modal). níor chían, TSh. 2479. cinnas nachar chomtig, LU 10316 (modal). créad is iontuigthe as sin, acht gur dhearbh leó ..., TSh. 653. cíar adbol a ndrong, LU 9395. ger mhór in ail, Anecd. i 29 § 36. teagh ar ar lia fear faire, PBocht 12 § 26. drong ... rér mhaith deighmheas do bheith ag an bpobal orra, TSh. 8926 (? modal). ón tráth fár dhearbh leis é féin d'éag, TSh. 2800. draig ... ór doilghe dul, Ériu ix 6.51 (modal). ónar thana lucht loingsi `by whom sea-roving crews are thinned,' Duan. F. i 81.9 . The ending -rsa, -rsad may have arisen on the analogy of the 1st and 2nd sg. -rsam, -rsat (qq.v. above) : derb leo nírsa meath don mac, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 44 § 2. nirsa monar maca[i]n maith | dingbail in laich, 44 § 1. ailtir in mac ... gursa hoglach mor, 43.13 . carsa dúal don aithech-mhadudh ... tocht ... d'imrisin risin árchoin ?, ZCP viii 553.29 . ciarso thucait ro-dos-foglúais, LL 133b16 . TBC-LL¹ 1935. ciarsa dam `though it were a bull,' CRR § 5. brugaid ... darsat (? leg. darsa) comainm C., ZCP vii 307.17 , but cf. oglach darsad comainm E., viii 549.10 . Cf. pl. : carsad comhadha sin ?, 544.22 .

pl. 1

I No forms without ro- occur.

II Forms with ro-.

Abs.

(a) robummar : robumar cuindrichthi gl. erecti sumus, Ml. 43d6 . huare robummar bibdid-ni dait-siu, 62b5 .

(b) ropsar, ropar, robdar, robatar: ropsar marba meni beth Find, RC vii 302.183 . ropar cocle cridi. ropar caemthe caille. ropar fir chomdeirgide, LL 10510 (MS ropdar with d expunged) = TBC-LL² 3071-73 ; robdar TBC(C) 2127-29 , RC xi 29 § 54 ; robatar, TBC St. 2903 ; robadar, RC xi 29 § 54 .

Conj.

(a) -rbommar : nírbommar utmuill ... nírbommar tromdi gl. non inquieti fuimus, Wb. 26b14 .

(b) -rsar : cid sinni nirsar malla, RC vii 294.81 .

pl. 2 No instances.

pl. 3

I Forms without ro-.

Abs.

(a) batir, batar : iarsindí batir inricci du báas huili, Wb. 5c14 . batir athissi ... dait-siu, Ml. 90d17 . air batar carait, 31a3 . 23c16 . Hy. ii 6.

(b) batir, batar, bat : batir banbrugaid sōn ┐ batar maithi, Corm. Y 1018.14 . batir faelti, LU 10585. batir hé iarom bátár im Ch., 8161 . BDD² 398. bátir (batar, batir, v.ll.) Érenn ardae, Fél. June 25 . LU 1699 (ICM). bátir īalla bātar inde, MacCongl. 89.26 . forsin fer batair bech whose bees they were, Laws iv 178.15 . batar sinde rīadatar it was we, Corm. Y 698.37 . SR 4072. BDD² 19. batar imtholtanaig, LU 3244. bátár hé sin a imtechtai, 11030 . bāttar dóini carsam-ne, Otia i 122 § 3. § 4 . bat comluatha dana fri conaib, IT i 72.11 . bat failid uili de sin, RC xliii 24 § 22.

Conj.

(a) -btar, -ptar : nitat pecthi ... indechtso cebtar hé riam, Wb. 4a8 . ciaptar mora a pecthai-som, Ml. 98c5 . a namtar tuidchissi, Sg. 6a13 . amtar mbati `when they were drowned,' Ml. 84d5 .

(b) -btar, -ptar, -btor, -tar, -but : céptar bailci bressa, Fél. Prol. 74. ciabtar glain, SR 2421. cíaptar áilli, Fél. Prol. 133. níptar ecnaig, ib. Nov. 9. níbtar dermaill, Corm. Y 398 . nibdar dimdaig, SR 3550. BCC 66.8 . imtar láin ..., | imtar ilerda, SR (Greene) 4659 . amdar suidigthi ... forsin teinith, Trip.² 131. comtar mairb, SR 5111. LU 8373. PH 5479. comdar slána, Trip.² 157. immuscomarcair cibtar hē asked who they were, Corm. Y 1059.58 . gu mbut ōga a n-ocobair till their desires were fulfilled, ACL iii 3.12 .

II Forms with ro-.

Abs.

(a) robtar, roptar, robatar (Ml. only), robdar : nitat huili robtar tuicsi, Wb. 11a21 . hore romtar óis teglig, 7b13 . robtar beca, Ml. 90c25 . déde hí roptar bibdaid som, 124c2 . inna hí ruptar ardda, Thes. ii 11.42 (Bcr.). is follus romatar bibdaid som, Ml. 125b9 . 78b12 . rocretset ... romdar tosge maith doib nanní ..., 96b5 .

(b) robtar, roptar, raptar, robdar, robdur, ? ropat : ar robtar cosmaili, Trip.² 1297. Corm. Y 690.4 . robtar auctair in dana sin, Trip.² 328. LU 9602. SR 3449. robdar druid co mōreōlus, TBC-I¹ 835. Anecd. i 46.12 . ar ropdar mebhra laiss iat, ii 43.3 . arinni robdur ceithri uidhi, Laws i 262.4 . ropat móra do berta (? or leg. ropsat), IT iii 484.281 . ropsat comchuibde ar ceta, Ériu i 72 § 4. RC vii 294.82 . MR 214.16 . FDG 557. rapsat irlama, MU² 149. TBC-LL¹ 3243. Ériu i 72 § 4. robsat athlumha, BS 18.26 . robsad buana, ML² 2084. ZCP viii 539.17 . ? To this : na sluaig remi rosatr[i]uin (? leg. ropsat triuin), SR 3983.

Conj.

(a) -rubtar, -ruptar, -roptar : isuaignid ni rubtar gáitha for comairli, Wb. 18c6 . conruptar fadirci ind usci, Ml. 40d16 (MS. ɔ possibly for co L in which case ruptar could be abs., Ériu lvi 40 n. 56 ). ceruptar enartu, 49a17 . arrumtar doirthi, 34d10 . déde hí roptar bibdaid som, 124c2 .

(b) -rbtar, -rptar, -rtar, -rbat, -rpsat, -rsat, -psat, -bsat, -psatar : nírbtar humail fris, Trip.² 1976. Corm. Y 179. nírptar fáilti, BDD² 337. nirdar subaig, TBC-LL¹ 3242. ciarbat ile, PRIA iii (3rd ser.) 548 § 23 ( LL 147a ). garbat discailtig, TBC-LL¹ 544. gurbat daitinigh, RC xliii 75 § 75. Leb. Gab.(i) 118.1 . corbhat foithe, RC xliii 84 § 85. nirbat sathig (nirbot, nirbad, nirbo, v.ll.), Metr. Dinds. iii 78.24 . nirpsat [m'] airm[-si] can ulaig, Ériu i 72 § 2. nirsat tualaing a dhinghmhail, v 158.210 . nirsat methol a n-athól they were not a band in the second drinking ?, BCC 290.28 . a mbrughaidh nírsat bronuigh, Ériu iv 116 § 24. gursad luatha, RC xiv 28.12 . cersat mor, PH 250. da ghadaige ... darsat comanmann Dismus ┐ Iesmus, 2852 . cārsat comadha sin, ML² 1387. carsad, ZCP viii 544.22 . ciapsat guir fri crabud nglé, SR 8007. nibsad adbul a ḟir bain, Anecd. i 13.15 . batar gnima erred lat-sa, nipsatar gnima con, Anecd. iii 53.8 . In : gomsad daerbhesacha macneda Uladh. ZCP viii 546.7 . the form is pres. pl. 3 but the sense calls for sec. fut. pl. 3. Cf. 545.21 .

On buith as vn. of copula see GOI § 817. Cf. mo bith lomnocht, SR 1336. maso ḟír ... | for mbith iarmui do Abram, 3498 .

3 má, ma

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 má, ma or dil.ie/31164

 

Forms: ma, mai, mad, ma, mararubart, ma, matchím, matchí, mani, mini, mane, mana, maine, meni, min-e, -a, mun-i, -a, masam, massat, masat, másat, mas(s)u, masa, maso, mas, más, manid, matu, madam, madham, mainba, munbáam, madat, madit, mádat, mad, manip, menip, minab, munab, mat, mainbet, manibat, menbat, menbadat, mad, mainbad, mainbed, manibad, manibbad, manipad, manibat, manibed, menbad, manbad, munbad, matis, ma, maniptis, má, muna, má's, máiseadh, madh, munab, mun-, mur-, murab, mura, mur, mur, ma, manas, masad, masdod, munid, manid, manip, munab, má, masu, manibad, mainbad, mad, mad, má

conj. if. Synopsis of forms in O.Ir. and Mid.Ir. (forms found only in latter are enclosed in square brackets):

A. With vbs. other than copula: ma (Glosses): má, Ml. 85d6 , freq. in Mid.Ir.; mai, AU 617 ; [mad]; folld. by deuterotonic verb-form; lenites follg. cons. (but cf. ma rrufeste, Wb. 9c8 ) and sometimes prefixes h to follg. vowel. Elision before follg. a is rare: mararubart (= ma ararubart), Ml. 112b5 ; matchím if I see, TBC-LL¹ 3357 , matchí if thou seest, 3353 = TBC-I¹ 2592 , 2587 . With neg.: mani; mini, Wb. 9d1 ; [mane, mana, maine, meni; min-e, -a; mun-i, -a].

B. With copula:

(a) folld. by indic.: pres. 1 s. [ masam, CCath. 596. ] 2 s. [ massat, LU 6971 = BDD 62. masat, PH 4708. másat, BS 100.13 .] 3 s. mas(s)u. masa, Ml. 108a16 , 118a5 . maso, SR 3497 (mafo MS.). [mas, más]. (neg.) manid. 3 pl. matu hé, Wb. 2c14 .

(b) folld. by subj.: pres. 1 s. [ madam, Acall. 800. madham, CCath. 4210. ] (neg.) mainba, Wb. 17c10 . [ munbáam, Acall. 1071. ] 2 s. [? madat, TBC-I¹ 2641 = madit, TBC-LL¹ 3442. mádat, TTr.² 1801. ] 3 s. mad; (neg.) manip [menip, minab, munab]. 3 pl. mat, Wb. 28c21 , Sg. 189b4 , CRR 5 , Laws ii 324.6 , 362.25 , 382.2 (all text). [ madat, ZCP viii 217 § 2. ] (neg.) mainbet, Wb. 11c5 . manibat, Ml. 24c1 . [ menbat, LL 265b36 = MU 26.27 ]. impf. 2 s. (neg.) [ menbadat, RC xiv 426 § 47 ]. 3 s. mad (?). (neg.) mainbad, Wb. 4a20 . mainbed, 6c31 , 9b19 . manibad, Ml. 134b3 . manibbad, Sg. 17b8 . manipad, Mon. Tall. § 4. ? manibat, Trip. 78.18 . manibed, SR 4129. menbad, 4643 . manbad, LU 3771 = SCC 34. [munbad.] 3 pl. matis, Wb. 11a22 . 5b15 . Ml. 73d1 . 40c17 ( ma atis). (neg.) maniptis, 73d1 .

Mod.Ir. forms: má, (neg.) muna. With cop.: má's (mé, tú, é, etc.), máiseadh; madh (early Mod.Ir., now obsolete); (neg.) munab; in some dialects mun- becomes mur-: murab eadh, Luc. Fid. 325.10 ; mura mbeith, 259.5 ; mur bhfuil, 262.18 . mur ttaisbeunair, 284.1 .

I In O. and Mid.Ir. used in protasis of a conditional statement, if ; with neg. if . . . not, unless ; folld. by (A) indic. for a present or past condition, (B) pres. subj. for a future condition, (C) impf. subj. for a remote future or unfulfilled condition ( Thurn. Hdb. § 890 ).

A. With indic.:

(a) with vbs. other than copula. In O.Ir. when the follg. vb. has no infixed pron., ma infixes -d-, see Thurn. Hdb. § 425 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 537. ma chomalnit a ngrád . . . ma ru-d-choiscset a mmuinter if they fulfil . . . if they have corrected, Wb. 28c7 . ma du-d-esti ní . . . íccfidir if aught is lacking . . . it will be made good, 25a30 . ma du-d-ell ní if he has stolen aught, 22b7 . mani-d-chretid esséirge Crist . . . nib-noíbfea for n-ires if ye do not believe, 13b19 . ma du-d-rignius ní if I have done aught, Ml. 23c27 . rot-bia onóir ma fíraid duit . . . ind fissiu do fuaslucud, SR 3355. ma ro sárugus do smacht, 1403 . ma thecait Ulaid, ní theciub-sa, TBC-LL¹ 5019. ma ra-charais . . . fǽ lais if thou hast loved him, 4561 . má thánic a thrath, 3629 . ma do-s-gní Dia feirg fri re mbicc . . . dogēna ar comdidnad iarum, PH 6637. ma daronus-[s]a bar n-osaic-se, 5269 . mad cretid Crist, atber!, 448 . is peccad . . . do neoch cen aíne do dénam . . . mad conicc, 6029 . munob (mánop LU) gaib far nglindi unless your bonds hold you, TBC-I¹ 1515. at meirb mani-d-frescai thou art weak unless thou hope for it, Fél. July 19 . mani-d-cuala if thou heardest not of him, June 13 . mani chumaic nech iat do dénam, PH 4697

With the subst. vb. the form fil is used in 3 s. pres. in O.Ir. ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 641 ), but tá is common in Mid.Ir. ma nu-dub-feil i n-ellug coirp Crist, adib cland Abrache, Wb. 19c20 . ma nud-fil etir á foraithmet if there is any memory of them, Ml. 107d12 . ma nod-fil fer i nhEre, ZCP viii 311.34 . má ta nech icon cloich thall, SR 6157. ma tá ocaib 'sin dun . . . ┐ mani ḟail, TBC-LL¹ 1765. ma ta cumachta latt, PH 3871. ma tá ceol a nim, cid nach biad i talmain?, Acall. 3484. manas-fuil os an seolchrann if it is not above the mast, Leb. Gab.(i) i 256.

(b) with copula (generally used to emphasize some member of the conditional clause). masu du réir spirito ataaith if ye are subject to the Spirit, Wb. 20b16 . massu cut séitchi ro cretis . . . manid co séitchi ro cretis, 10a29 , 30 . masa choimdiu if he is lord, Ml. 108c16 . masu ed sluindes ind rann if this is what the part of speech expresses, Sg. 27a11 . maso ḟír . . . for ṁbith iarmui do Abram, tucaid uaib etere if it is true that ye are A.'s descendants, SR 3497. más co mbaraind debtha totháet, FB 46. mas iat benas in fid, TBC-LL¹ 1398. masa thú | demin limm isat lomthru, 3659 . masa mac Dé tu, slanaig tu fén if thou art the son of God, PH 2864. masat mac Dé iar fhír, apair . . ., 4708 . matu hé ata horpamin indí ro chomalnaiset recht if those who have fulfilled the law are heirs, Wb. 2c14 . masat Herennaig ┐ menbat allmaraig, isat Ulaid, LL 365b36 = MU 26.27 . mástat [= másat] carait . . . mastat námait, FB 84 = masad . . . masdod, ZCP iv. 172.33 . manid innonn forcital linn unless our teaching is the same, Wb. 17b32 . manid caindleóracht in tige as áil duit do chosnam, FB 92 = munid ZCP iv 175.20 . ni cian bai hIssau ic seilgc | manid gáu dó . . . mochthánic astsleib . . . mas e thuc in sére-se, SR 2866 , 2868 . The 3 s. ind. form manid passes early out of use, giving way to the subj. manip (minab, munab): mas o Dia ata in fhís-[s]ea ┐ minap togoethad diabuil, PH 1542. minab lór lett a n-abair . . . dféch thuas, 7639 .

B. With pres. subj.

(a) with vbs. other than copula. is deid som ma arí in fer-so maní n-airi immurgu ní deid if he find this man; if however he find him not, Ml. 30d24 . ma dugneu, 23c24 . mani bée dechur isint senmuim ni tucatar inna rríara, Wb. 12c43 . mani-s-mbe bethu suthin unless they have eternal life, 13b20 . mani eple de if he die not of it, Sg. 181a5 . ma ro-m-thoicther-sa . . . mani-m-rothcaither, Thes. ii 293.6 ( SP i 5 ). ma dorontar ón if it can be managed, Mon. Tall. 52. mani-mbé sēt sīrhettla, meni tabra dilgud dam, SR 2086. mani thetarrais issin chetforgam, ni thetarrais co fescor, TBC-I¹ 650 (LU) = maini tetarrais, YBL. mono thæth in ḟirmimint . . . nó mani thí in ḟarggi, TBC-LL¹ 5975. manu thisat, 4271 . moni digsid ass . . . no-bor-mairfither, IT i 75.3 . mairg dobeir seirc do duni | mene-s-tarda dia airi, SCC 44. mine rab déirc accum unless I have charity, PH 5910. mine fhacur-sa slicht na cló . . . ní chretiub unless I see, 6694 .

(b) with copula: mad hinunn a n-etargnae in chetnidi ┐ in dirṡuidigthi bid hinunn randatu doib if the notion of the primitive and that of the derivative be the same, they will have the same particularity, Sg. 188a7 . mad in chruth sin beithe if ye be in that wise (gl. pacem habete et Deus . . . erit vobiscum), Wb. 18b16 . mad marb duini . . . do chumaid . . . bid marb Iacob if any one should die of grief, SR 3601. mad hi cein . . . menip cían, 6125 , 6127 . mad nóeb ar-id-lega if he who recites it be holy, Fél. Ep. 178. mad ḟorum-sa bus róen, TBC-LL¹ 3750. mad iat fir Herend bes and, CRR 11. mád co féirg dothí C. . . . is amlaid coto-méla-ni, FB 52. mad amlaid seo dechsam d'airitin chuirp Crist (=si . . . accedamus ad hanc coenam sanctam), PH 5353. mat hé na briathra-sa forcane if these be the words thou teachest, Wb. 28c21 . mat anmann adiechta emnatar and is écen coma-comol if nouns adjective be doubled there a conjunction is necessary (but not in other cases), Sg. 189b4 . mat ruanaid if they prove valiant, CRR 5. ní torbe la suidib [precept] manip sulbair unless it be eloquent, Wb. 8a12 . mad aire chuinces sin . . . ┐ manip ar daig lessa, PH 7990. munba deóin le Righ na rann . . . munbo cairnech in craidhe , ZCP vi 268.11 , 12 . manibat fer[r]-som de (gl. si non . . . fecerit meliores), Ml. 24c1 .

The form mad (madh) continues in use in early Mod.Ir.: madh fírinneach . . . comhrádh an duine . . . madh bréagach, TSh. 1777.

C. With impf. subj., generally corresponding to an impf. subj. or conditional in apodosis and sometimes with force of pluperfect.

(a) with vbs. other than copula: ma nubed if it existed, Sg. 31b21 . ni tibertis piana foraib mani esersitis if they did not rise, Ml. 15c7 . ma doruirminn if I should recount, Fél. Ep. 128. (with tmesis) ma ro loídib lammis if we dared in lays, ib. Fél. Feb. 27 . meni bethe ar in tṡluagud-sa . . . doraismis Ultu if thou wert not in this hosting, TBC-LL¹ 766. monu thiastáis if they should not come, 4277 . mina chredind-se he . . . nis-cuirfind techta if I did not believe in him, PH 449. muna mbeith acht an aonghamhnach istigh were there but one stripper in the house, Keat. iii 2757. With pluperf. force: ba miscuis atroillisset . . . mani thised trocaire if mercy had not come, Wb. 4c15 . ma rrufeste ní gētte if ye had known, ye would not snatch, 9c8 . mani thorasta mo dáil . . . no bíad Nabál cen anmain if thou hadst not come to meet me, SR 6321. ni boi i nnim . . . dúl tísad frind, mine thísad Lucifer, MacCarthy 62.5 = LB 112a11 . mina báitea-su mé . . . nis-bíad pian form hadst thou not drowned me, PH 8258. With cond. in late text: ma ragad cliar dimdach de `if a company went grumbling from him', Ériu iv 214 § 10 (gé bheith v.l.).

(b) with copula: mad forṅgaire dognein, docoischifed pían a thairmthecht if it were a command I gave, Wb. 10a27 . ní bad samlaid son mad on chetnidiu nobed this would not be so if it were from the primitive, Sg. 207b2 . mad ed asberad . . . is ed rogigsed if he had said . . . this is what he would have prayed for, Ml. 32d5 . mád do Laegaire . . . tisad ág . . . no sirfed hErind, SCC 29. ni ráncatar som less a scríbint mainbed díar nertad ni they have not needed to be written unless it were to strengthen us, Wb. 6c31 . docoith dígal forru: matis tuicsi ní rígad if they had been elect it would not have come, 11a22 . matis mu namait dudagnetis ┐ maniptis mu charait dudagnetis had it been my enemies and not my friends that did them, Ml. 73d1 . is é in claideb dobéraind . . . menbadat [sic leg.] aide if thou wert not (my) fosterer, RC xiv 426 § 47. munbud coll crabaidh . . . robo gairit linn t'accallaim-si if it were not a breach of piety, Acall. 127. In follg. instance, mad appears in combination with an absolute form of the copula: adubairt an Díabul ris, mádh bo mac Dé é arán do denum dona clochaib, Maund. 91.

II Special uses of má+copula.

(a) masu ed if it is that, if so is used in Sg. to express doubt of a foregoing statement; 21b6 , 50b13 , 124a1 . In later Mid.Ir. sometimes with force of a concessive particle = if so, in that case, then , or to introduce a contrasting statement: glosses igitur, BB 299b28 . sluindfet a thri buada cech ócthigirn . . . Tri meth octhigirn massed `on the other hand', Ériu ix 46 § 12 = LL 147b23 . Common in mod. lang.: is ón tTighearna atá imtheacht an duine; cionnus fhédus duine maiseadh a shlighe féin do thuigsin? how then can a man understand, Proverbs xx 24. gion go bhfuil an teine-se síorraidhe, maiseadh is iongantach an truime atá innte (=etsi non sit aeternus, miro tamen modo gravis est), TSh. 3999. tar ceann go dtugthar Scotia d'ainm ar an gcuid úd don Bhreatain . . . maseadh foillsighidh Beda go ngairthí an t-ainm sin d'Éirinn nevertheless , Keat. ii 5868.

(b) manibad (3 s. impf. subj. cop.) often appears folld. by a subst. in elliptical sentence, if it were not . . ., but for . . . ; cf. Wb. 9b1 : minibed croís ni bíad etrad if there were not gluttony. manibed Moísi . . . óenfer díb nā faicbed beo that, had it not been for Moses, he would not have left one man of them alive, SR 4129. manbad omain Dé . . . no berad leis cenn Saúil but for the fear of God, 6393 . minabad do shnadad, robtis do reṅga rigthi, TBC-I¹ 1182. munbad Conall . . . ropad forainne bad róen, CRR 56. ní biadh iffern . . . minbadh mé there would be no hell . . . but for me, Ériu iii 148 § 4. manibat ainmnet . . . nutscaílfeth cumachta Dé `but for my (? God's) patience', Trip. 78.18 (but cf. reading in ACL iii 20.4 : mani bit ainmnit .i. ciuin). With pres. subj.: ni thánic . . . fer bud amra manip [manipad v.l.] do chruas save for thy hardness, 120.4 . Cf. mainbad fororaid in rí had not the King lent aid (?), Hy. v 32 , with gl. mani fortachtaiged T, mani fured F; edd. Thes. ( ii 335 ) connects mainbad with follg. line.

(c) in older language when the subject of a vb. in 1 pl. is analysed as `thou and I', the formula: mad tú if it be thou is used, the 1 s. pron. being already implied in the vb. (see KZ xlviii 51 ). dia mbamur mad tu leis ic foclaimb bindiusai when thou and I were with him, ZCP iii 249 § 64. cia bem-ne madh tu . . . i n-airisem, Anecd. ii 9.3 . cid nach n-acallmis mad tu? why should not you and I converse? ZCP xiii 268.3 . consáiter etrunni mad tú between thee and me, IT iii 244.1 . Cf. anas bermaisin matau (leg. an-asbermais-ni mad tú?), ZCP viii 329. 26 = anasbermaisiu ma táu, LL 330c9 , anasbermaisim matu, BB 166a6 .

(d) mad folld. by a subst. or equivalent often serves to introduce a new subject of discourse or a contrast = as for, with regard to: mad messe, ba dethbir dam, etc., SCC 45. madh é Fraech immorro, ro eirigh co moch as, ZCP xiii 171.3 . mád ind Assia beg immorro, TTr.² 1046. madh a n-adhnacol ní cæmais as for burying them, thou wilt not be able, Anecd. i 72 § 198 . mád in ra brethaigestar Cúruí as for C.'s judgement, FB 90. madh an ro dusaig do marbaib | is mó milib as for the dead he raised, ACL iii 303 § 11. mad nofail [leg. 'na fail?] d'hilphianaibh ann . . . lia nāt luibi as for all the divers punishments there . . . (they are) more in number than herbs (?), SR 933 (where Stokes takes mad as = immad quantity). mad o Adam . . . co ngénair mac De, cóic mili is cét . . . ocus sé bliadna nochat as for (the period) from Adam to the birth of the Son of God, 2333 . is dō a óenur do nach airchend bás . . . ar mád sinne immorro is a[irchenn], Thes. ii 351.23 . madh iad clann R. tra, así comhairle doronsat, AFM iii 226.5 .

(e) similarly in the common formula: mad iar (do réir, etc.) (if it be) according to: mad du stoir . . . mad du rúin according to the literal sense . . . according to the mystic sense, Ml. 44b4 , 6 . mad iar sians imorro . . . is ed doforne, PH 3449. mad iar Cirine . . . mad iar n-Augustin, 6435 . mad iar n-araile immorro, issi a liathroit, etc., TBC-I¹ 525. mad do reir na sgoile, MacCarthy 278.5 . Cf. also: dobí macaem . . . arna damnad docum a loiscthi tria drúis do denam di (mado fis), Maund. 57 ; leg. mad ō fis if it be from knowledge (= if it be true)?

(f) similarly in phrases like: mad cose up to this, hitherto , in which mad appears to be a mere expletive. ní ḟetatar . . . inad beo-sa mad cose, TBC-LL¹ 4940 , cf. 739 . dulig sár ar bar sluagaib mád cose, LL 238b23 ( TTr. 1615 ). Áth nÍ. a ainm mad cosin, Áth F. a ainm o ṡain ille, TBC-LL¹ 4948. mad colléic, 5148 . mad gustráthsa, 5111 . ni rugusa troidh theithidh . . . má guse, ZCP viii 551.20 . mad costrasta ` just now ', MR 262.24 .

III Acht má (mani):

(a) in affirm. sent., acht má = `but if', unless: acht massu made in chretem except the belief is vain, Wb. 13a34 . nocon ḟetar-sa ac[h]t mad sin | cid imma ndernad unless that be (the reason), TBC-LL¹ 608. acht má. dothísad . . . ni reg-sa, Trip. 118.14 . ní thic do neoch acht mád doneth fein [acht mine dernad LB] unless [God ] were to do it Himself, FA 9. acht ma tecmadh secht tengt[h]a filed i cinn aenduine . . . do beth ní dia chomrumuib gan turim, ZCP viii 111.16 . acht madh chena even so, nevertheless , Laws iii 542.9 Comm.

(b) acht mad, folld. by subst. unless it be . . ., except, saving . . . only , generally after neg. sent. acht mad Rab . . . ni therna . . . oenfer, SR 5069. ni ruc claind . . . acht mad óeningin, IT i 130.14 . cia doragad and acht mad Findchad?, CRR 8. ní mairenn don muintir . . . acht mád missi, Acall. 3320. co na raibi acht madh foraithmed bec di i nErinn, Acall. iii 4.13 . ro fetar-sa co na bia maith eitir de acht madh olc uili, CCath. 4603. ní therno eladach betha dib acht ma misi, ZCP xiii 233.13 .

(c) acht mani unless indeed (a more emphatic concession than mani). nad ḟetar-sa . . . act manip íat in Galían, CRR 11. ni raga ass . . . acht mani-t-ainge ben unless a woman protect thee, SCC 14. in aíne cen in almsain is bec a tarba, acht mani beth do bochta neich co na raib aicce almsa dobera unless one's poverty were such that one had no alms to give, PH 4972. acht manibad drochduine he, ni thindlecmais-ni det-siu he, 2698 . is maith [ind elada] . . . acht muna beth sianargan in brechta sídhe inti, Acall. 3482 (`but for a twang of the fairy spell that infests it', SG ii 191 ).

IV In Mid.Ir. mad dá (dia) often takes the place of má folld. by subj.

(a) mad da tí a thig, CRR 22. méraid ní bus lia a laídhi | madh dá ndíla a commaíne if she requite, Acall. 801. mad da ríus Emain, TBC-LL¹ 1208 , cf. 3416 . mad da mbeind-se i crichaib Ulad, CRR 8. Exceptionally with pret.indic.: mád dammamar [madam bámar, St.; leg. mad da mbámar] allanair [sic leg.] ac Scathaig if we were (still) yonder with S., TBC-LL¹ 4102 , cf. 4039 .

(b) mad dia ti taris, is bǽth, TBC-LL¹ 1644. mad dian bérthai [mad dia mberthai, St.] uide uad, 595 . mad dia marbthar Mani mór, | bid díth cethern, TFerbe 370 . mád dia follamnaige co fírén in rí, PH 4086. ba hed adgegmis-ni ani sin mad dia fédmais, IT ii2 228 § 3 . mad dia mbeth at cumung if it were in thy power, RC vi 175.54 . With indic.: madh dia ndeni-siu forru if thou do [it ] to please them, BNnÉ 304 § 16.

V Other idioms:

(a) inge má unless: iṅge mad etarscartha unless it be separated, Sg. 75b5 . inge mad dligtechu in ceili, Laws ii 338.1 , cf. O'Dav. 708. Scarcely, hardly: ingi ma rochoillset fir, TBC-I¹ 265. as ing má ro thérna neach riamh hardly any one escaped, Hugh Roe fo. 15 a . go mbo hing ma rob éigen . . . a n-airm d'imbirt forra [sic leg.] it was hardly necessary, fo. 81b . With subj.: iss ing ma rasoissed [sic leg.] cind mile bliadan a dhomhnai it could hardly reach its bottom, Ériu ii 132 § 109. See 1 ing, 1 inge.

(b) is becc má `it is little if', scarcely: is beac ma ba oirrdearca Concobhar C. was scarcely more illustrious, CF 411.

(c) ní mór má: ni mor masa incretmi he it is almost incredible, LB 152b16 . ní mór má doērna sceola indisen scel hardly a fugitive escaped, BDD 158. ni mór má ro proinnigsiot they scarcely broke their fast, AFM vi 2288.22 .

VI Rarely used to introduce a subst. clause: ni cuman lim ma rudbaitsius nach n-aile, Wb. 8a3 . robú mór a homun lium-sa ón mad and atbelmais-ni . . . ┐ mani-n-soirthae my fear of it was great that we should die . . . and that we should not be delivered, Ml. 96a10 . is dual dun mani [mina v.l.] torgoethat in[na] duailc[h]i it behoves us that vices should not deceive us, ZCP iii 450.4 .

VII In early Mod.Ir. má (folld. or not by nó) is used exceptionally to introduce a disjunctive clause, whether (Lat. sive): madh beag nó mór an chréacht doníthi leo, ní ghabhadh leigheas greim don othar, Keat. ii 1731. ma's beo marbh iad whether they be alive or dead, Parrth. Anma 327.10 . mas olc maith me, 343.22 .

oígi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. oígi or dil.ie/33642
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: ogi, óegi, óegid, oigetha, oígthiu, hoegidu, hegeda, aígedu, oiged, oeged, oíge, aíge, aoighe, aoidhe, oídhe, aídhe

n d, m. n s. -ogi , Sg. 66a15 . int óegi , Hy. v 28 Comm. ( Thes. ii 334.18 ). n p. óegid, Wb. 21b14 . a p. oigetha, 28d28 . oígthiu, Hy. v 9. hoegidu, v 14 Comm. F = hegeda T ( Thes. ii 329 ). aígedu, LU 2178 ( FA 25 ). g s. oiged, Wb. 4a7 . LU 928 = oeged, ACC § 79 ( RC xx 264 ).

In Mid.Ir. variously written oíge, aíge, later aoighe, aoidhe, oídhe (Bedell), aidig, Celtica ii 72.85 . etc. aídhe (declined like `file'), IGT Dec. § 21.

A stranger, esp. one receiving hospitality, a guest, visitor. ban-ogi, gl. hospes, Sg. 66.15 . ma arroéit oigetha, gl. si hospitio recepit, Wb. 28d28 . tainic aíghe uasal do tigh Dubthaig (= hospes), Lat. Lives 68 z . turus acam dia haíne | gé dech, isam fír-aíghe, Acall. 772. meni thucad fir-aigid leiss, TBC-LL¹ 961 . ni ḟuarusa fiad n-oíged the honour due to a guest, 926 = fiadh n-aidi, St. airitiu oighedh, O'Dav. 68 ; cf. airitiu aidhe, Laws v 120.23 Comm. sgel . . . do chuingidh ar gach n-aighidh, RC vi 174.22 . ard-port Maodhócc . . . cenn uidhe da gach aoidhidh, BNnÉ 259 § 219. proinn aige da gach aoidhigh, ZCP viii 109 § 4. pl. oegid imda im cach tenid (description of a chief's house), ZCP viii 262 § 7. sech aígedu ┐ aidlicnechu in Comded, FA 25. iss iad so na haidigh | is dír isin ecclais, | lucht lubra ocus leiginn, BNnÉ 308.12 . fuirired n-aiged De (i.e. feeding needy strangers), Laws iii 18.18 . airc[h]innech lis oeiged Christ (of the archbishop of Armagh), ACL iii 308.1 . faeilidh mo craidhe . . . frisna haoighedaib domriacht, Lism. L. 3830 . ar mhéid a oinigh d'aoidheadhaibh, Keat. iii 1700. dá chéad bliadhan d'fhine Ír ós chionn Bhanbha . . . gan acht neart aoidheadh orra `oppressed only by guests', Content. xxx 26 .

Tech n-oíged a house for guests, lodging, hostel : a teg n-oiged sin in spirito that guest-house of the Spirit, Wb. 4a7 . im tech n-aidhedh, Laws v 54.8 . do iaraidh tighi aighedh, ACL iii 5.35 . tech n-áoidhedh is tiodhnacal dobheiredh da gach nduine, ZCP i 62 § 29. fear tighe áoidheadh do chonnmháil, Titus i 8 .

In stricter sense of a stranger, new-comer : inmain aidhe ilbuadhach, ZCP x 340.18 (prophecy of the birth of Colum Cille), cf. Conchobur inmain aege | d'eis flatha Formaele, ix 466 § 24 (list of kings). oídhe nó coimhidheach, Levit. xxv 47. is oidhe mé ann a radharc I am an alien in their sight, Job xix 15 . Of foreign invaders: ropsat aígid agmara | gabsat ar slúag féigṡeng Fáil | rige hErend a hEspáin (of the Goidels), LL 142b14 = aegid, Rawl. 76b41 . tancatar sund | oígid do chéin | co féin ramóir, Metr. Dinds. iii 184.2 . Of the dead: an t-aoighe láimhe a-tá thall, Éigse xxxvii 98 § 7 . giodh í m’anam an t-aoighe, ibid . aoighe caomh i gcriaidh Doire 'a fair guest in the soil of Doire' ITS li 28 § 22 .

? 2 rán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 2 rán or dil.ie/34794

 

adj. (B. na f.) true: ran .i. fir, Lec. Gl. 175 , 39 M. ran .i. fíor, P. O'C. ran .i. firinne, O'Cl. ong nach ran a chuirc (.i. is truagh nach fír a craidhe), ZCP v 488 § 6 . `an' is `rann' . . . anmonna íad d'ḟírinne, Metr. Gl. D 34 . Prob. artificial adaptation of 1 rán (cf. O'Clery's glosses `follas' and `réidh' s.v. 1 rán).

1 rún

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 rún or dil.ie/35787
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: rún, rúun, rúin, rúin, rúin, rúnae, runi, rúna, rúine, rúna, rúnaib, rúinib, rún, rúun, ruin, rún, rúin, rúine, rúna, rúin

n ā, f. (W. rhin) n s. ind rún , Wb. 5c14 , 13d16 , Ml. 2d2 . rúun, Wb. 1d8 , 26d24 . In Mid.Ir. oft. rúin. a s. rúin, Wb. 15a34 , 27c22 , 20d18 , Ml. 45a2 . d s. rúin, Ml. 44b6 , Tur. 103 , SR 6547 . g s. rúnae, Thes. i 496.1 ( Ardm. 170b2 ). runi, LU 9336 . n p. rúna, Wb. 12a10 . IT i 123.18 . rúine, LU 1949 ( FA 2 ). PH 8421 . a p. rúna, Wb. 8b10 . 27c21 . d p. rúnaib, 2b10 , Ml. 66c6 , SR 531 . rúinib, SR 9 , 2017 , Hib. Min. 2.28 . g p. rún, Wb. 27c24 , SR 325 . rúun, Wb. 12b23 , d44 , 26c7 . In Mid.Ir. also treated as o, m.: a s. im rún (: rūb) ríg, SR (Greene) 3816 . g s. ruin, Laws v 72.24 ; 176. 13 Comm. ). rún m. (g s. n p. rúin, rúine, rúna), IGT Dec. § 46 .

(a) something hidden or occult, a mystery , usual sense in Glosses and early relig. lit.: transl. mysterium, Wb. 13d16 , 26d24 , 27c21 , Ml. 2d2 , Hib. Min. 2.28 . ind rún ┐ ind etercert, Ml. 2d2 . ní tuccfither rún inna cruche, Wb. 8a5 . foilsigud rúun, gl. apocalypsin, 12d44 . arnaib rúnaib ┐ diamraib inna deachtae, gl. pro arcanis, Ml. 66c6 . día ro faillsigtheá rúine ┐ derritiusa flatha nimi, FA 2 ( LU 1949 ) = rúni, LB. ro foillsigthea ruine nime do Eoin, PH 8421 . a Rī rūine (of Deity), ZCP vii 309 w . in rí reil na run, SR 325 . ar coimdiu gle co rúinib, 2017 , cf. 9 , 221 , 531 . Of profane mysteries: int id cid immatá a rún? wherein lies the mystery of the withe ?, TBC-LL¹ 587 = rūin, TBC-I¹ 259 (rún, LU). rí na rún (of the Dagda), Ériu vii 227 z ( LL 209a54 ). ní fheduim rún na riaghail ar mo ghalur secret cure, spell (?), ZCP vi 26.9 . bean sídhe ag reic a rúine, IGT Dec. ex. 1266 . rúne ro-mera `keen riddles', Metr. Dinds. iii 20 .

In early relig. lit. oft. mystic or hidden meaning (as oppd. to literal sense): sollummun litre. sollummun rúnae, Thes. i 496.1 , cf. tria rúin na sollamun-sa, PH 3519 . rúna do thabairt á óen-sonaib, gl. interpretatio sermonum, Wb. 12a10 , cf. 12b23 . ind fiugor fuandrogab in fāith ┐ ind rún fuantaibret in suis-scélaichthi the mystic sense in which the evangelists apply it , Ml. 45a3 . Crist ma[d] du rúin according to the mystic sense , 44b6 , cf. Tur. 103 ( Thes. i 491.33 ). mad iar sians . . . (.i. iar ruin), PH 6804 . Cf. 6083 : santugud in molta doennai as rúin asin clíí, do indithim in gníma dírig as rúin assin deis (i.e. the left hand signifies desire for human praise, comment on verse nesciat sinistra quid faciat dextera ).

(b) a secret : bása chomrar cacha runi do andrib Ulad the repository of every secret (?), LU 9336 = gacha ruine, Anecd. iii 53.23 . an duine chuimetus a run who keeps a secret , Ériu v 128 § 31 . run do dhenam ara chomairled to keep his counsel secret , § 29 . gell damh . . . co ndingnair run ar gach ní indeósus me duit, BCC 240.24 . rún do dhéunamh ar na pecadhaibh do chluin san bhfaoisidin (duty of a confessor), Parrth. Anma 204.13 . dá ndeindís uile rún ar mhalairt creidhim kept their change of faith secret , Mac Aingil 545.14 . gur léig a rún le Caoilte revealed his secret to C. , Oss. vi 12.3 . nīt lia Lagin rúni `not more numerous are Leinstermen than (their) secrets', ZCP iii 7 § 23 . In adverbial phrases: la taidbsin fainni fo rúin secretly (?), SR 6547 . sliocht sceo mo risi fa rūn (.i. innis dó mo sgéla gan fis), ZCP v 487 § 1 (B. na f.). coro indis[s]ium di inní-sin i rrún as a secret , LB 127b16 . atrubairt fris ina rūin, RC xvii 283 . dia ngaet . . . tria rún when he was slain by stealth , Metr. Dinds. ii 38.2 . gach ní do nochtfadh seisean tré rún dī as a secret , Keat. ii 5277 . cen rúin openly, undisguisedly : tarraid diliu Bith | ina ṡléib cen rúin, LL 4b8 . gibé adearadh nárbh fhíor dhúinn | mo ghlór re Torna gan rúin `that my plain words to T. were untrue', Content. xiv 11 . Hence prob.: rún .i. cealg; tre rún .i. tre cheilg, O'Cl. (an inference). g s. as attrib.: amus ruin no raid no imacallma `a confidential servant', Laws v 72.24 Comm. comhrádh rúin private conversation , Keat. ii 5298 .

(c) secret thoughts or wishes, intention, purpose, design : general later Mid.Ir. meaning, often without particular notion of secrecy: falmaigis Dagda a dún, | rapa rún can tarba a purpose without profit , Ériu vii 227 § 62 ( LL 209a49 ). ? nidat maithe banrúna women's plans (counsels ), IT i 123.18 . Dubhduin . . . rug run airgne ind aird-ruireach [sic leg.] formed the design of destroying the high-king , MacCarthy 416 § 3 ( BB 50a44 ). ro bai a run Oilella marbad Meic Con, Anecd. ii 78.2 . mani cindis [i] cend a cētcomlín do miledhuibh . . . co rún a marbta uili with intent to kill them all , CCath. 3117 . ar mbeith do rún aige bheith eolach 'sna hilbhéarlaibh, Keat. ii 47 . nír bo rún iomgabhala, na menma teichme, AFM vi 2162.2 . as é mo rún . . . gan aonphecadh do dhénamh, Mac Aingil 2 § 2 . ro ḟaisnés rún menman ┐ aicenta cech énduine (of the spokesman for a number), CCath. 624 . ba hé rún craidhe ┐ toil menman cech óen-duine, 659 . do rinneas do rún cridhe | feidhm díbh `with sincerity of heart', Content. xxix 4 . Dia féin . . . go mbé a réir im' rún, Pilip Bocht 20 § 7 . daoine eile, ag a raibhe an rún ceudna d'Éireannchaibh who had the same feelings towards the Irish , Keat. i 54.24 . rígradh go rún gcertbhrethach `minded to judge justly', O'Gr. Cat. 396.2 . a n-áines menma . . . a rún toirbirt `propensity to give away', 472.27 . rún na gcroidheadh, 1 Corinth. iv 5 (= τὰς βουλάς).

(d) passing into sense of full consciousness, knowledge : cf. run .i. eolus, ut est cerd cen run, O'Dav. 1351 , perh. an inference from sense (b) or (c). ? cach dīsli co rūn: cach rūn co tubad, ACL iii 228.71 , 72 = ZCP xvii 58 (`every forfeiture with knowledge; every knowledge with proof '). ass e as túr anóra ann | rún an ansodha d'fhulang (i.e. experience of adversity is a promise of good fortune), Irish Texts ii p. 25 § 1 . as mairg don té . . . ag a bfuil rún air féin iomad fiach do bheith ag Dia air who is conscious that he owes God many debts , Mac Aingil 322.2 . gan rún cléirigh without a priest's ministrations (on a death-bed), Ó Bruad. iii 2 .

(e) in later poetry oft. a term of endearment, darling, love (for persons of either sex): a rún dil!, MS. Mat. 569.24 . triath Dúin Bhúinne, rún na ríoghradh, Keat. Poems 727 . dom' shíor-rún réidh Raemonn, Hackett xxxv 1 . uired grās re Gilla Brighde | braithim mo rún da rosc glan love, affection (?), Irish Texts ii p. 44 § 28 .

Compds. cach āen da rac[h]a ad' rūn-debaidh who will dispute Thy designs (?), ACL iii 235 § 26 . dūthracht . . . gan trīst im rúnghart ro-lond generosity of impulse, disposition (?), ZCP x 340.10 . ba rún-mer im cach rogail `who was eager-willed for every exploit', Metr. Dinds. iv 314.10 ( LL 162b47 ). le rúin-neimh wicked intent , A. Ó Dálaigh liii 7 . See also rúndiamair.

serc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. serc or dil.ie/37233
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: Searc

n ā, f. A dependent gen. is usually objective but object may in later lang. be introduced by DO ( Fél. Prol. 148 , Stair Erc. 1140 , PBocht 5.34 ); also once with FOR ( Stair Erc. 1169 ). Described by GOI § 721 as `vb.n. of caraid (cf. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 677 ) but see GOI p. 683 (Translators' Notes 157 ) ; see also Stud. Celt. ii 92 .

love (both sacred and profane): mór in ts.¤ condechuith in crucem pro nobís, Wb. 22b11 . cid intain ronmoitsem ní bo ar seirc móidme, 17a13 . s.¤ dáe dúibsi et far s.¤ si do dia gl. caritas Dei, 18b21 . móa léu sercc a tuile quam dei, 30c11 . coro fessid méit for serce lemsa gl. ut sciatis quam caritatem habeam habundantius in uobís, 14d16 . is uisse a sercc dorat mór di maid duún it is proper to love Him, 4b10 . húise a ṡ.gl. amandus, Sg. 59b5 . amal as n-ed as moam s.¤ linnai adchotadsam triar saithar saindiles, Ml. 92c5 . arnach corathar i mmoth ┐ machthad dia seirc ┐ dia n-accubur, 68b9 . combad cutrummae frisin seirc rocar Crist inn eclais, 65d5 . inna sercae gl. affectionis, 53c10 . nī bu ūarach im ṡeirc Dé (of St. Brigid) Thes. ii 332.2 ( Hy. v ). s.¤ mór do Macc Maire `great love for Mary's Son', Fél. Prol. 148 . ar ṡeirc ríg ro charsat (rocarsat, rotcarsat, v.ll.) `for affection towards the King whom they have loved', May 8 . foruigenai dia Coimdid itir homoint ┐ abstainit . . . ┐ seirc nDé ┐ chomnesom, Trip.² 247 . do s.¤ am anmuin, do grad im craidhe (a prayer), Ériu ii 90 § 12 . ro char sercc tecmuis, RC iii 345.4 . ní frith luth seirce sóerligi | . . . conom thicse, LU 8328 (rhetoric). as descaid serci sírsilliud, 10728 . fo chosmailius Con Culaind ┐ ara seirc for love of him, 3260 ( SCC 5 ). ro charas tusai ┐ tucus seircc ┐ inmaine duit, IT i 120.23 ( TE 5 ). is grád do macalla | mo grad-sae, ┐ mo ṡercc ┐ m'inmaine dontí da tucus, 124.21 ( TE 9 ). miscais in chenntuir s.¤ ind altair `hatred of this world, love of the world to come', Ériu vii 138 § 1d . do urail a seirci fuirre `to press his love upon her', Laws v 294.z Comm . na ba machtad la nech comdire don[a] athlaechuib . . . mad beith dia seirc la Dia ┐ di met a saethair, iv 366.19 . is mac faosma ar searc `adopted from affection', 288.y Comm . altrumu seirce cen iarraith `fosterage of affection without fosterage-fee', ii 168.z (glossed: in taltruma do ni nech ar se[i]rc (sic leg.?). asbertsi frimsa dombérad seirc mblíadnai damsa, TBFr. 334 . ar met a seirci leis for the love he bore her, ZCP xiii 262.17 . fer díb cech lái fri seirc sét | dia ṅgeilt is dia lan-chomét, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.19 (`to guard the stock from sickness'). ? g pl. fada a ghúbha re saoth searc (: righfheart), ML 22.11 . ba eth as[c]nam isin flaith | . . . | in ri berus breit[h] for cach, | a s[h]erc ┐ a omun, MacCarthy 134.g . impait o sheircc in domain-sea forab airchindech diabul, PH 7118 . is e ro-mid ar nefní na huli ar mét serci Crist occe, 1674 . tanic s.¤ ┐ sirinmaine doib innd fir robai ar echtra, TTebe 223 . cuiridh Íosa . . . | briocht seirce san té thoghas `the charm of attractiveness', Aithd. D. 37.3 . la truma a seirci for E., Stair Erc. 1169 . co roibhe s.¤ siradhbul aigi do[n] mnai, 1140 . dá bhrígh budh dleacht dúnn | searc do rígh na ríogh, PBocht 5.34 . i mbeirt chumhadh | do sheirc Iarla Urmhumhan, Aithd. D. 36.7 . dáil a seirce `the bestowal of her love', TD 29.17 . tibhre seirce 'na silleadh `a smile of love', 13.8 . searc mná Ír dhuit, Aoidh, ná léig a bhfaill, 35.1 . g s. used attributively: ic torrachtain lennain ┐ mna serce `lady-love', RC xiii 222.38 . do thuit a dleacht-scéimh sheirce | dá gnúis álainn inniolta, Keat. Poems 1121 .

As the name of a group of tales: mad ferr lat . . . fisi ┐ serca ┐ sluagid, Anecd. ii 45.20 . Serc Crede do Canann mac Gartnain, 46.3 . As npr. Searc (a hound's name), Oss. iv 20.13 .

a beloved person or thing (cf. sainṡerc): asbert Findabair iarum ba hē a céts., TBC-I¹ 2914 . is tusa mo cedghradh-sa ┐ s.¤ mo chridhe, Stair Erc. 525 . a shearc m' anma (to the Trinity), Aithd. D. 70.1c . clereach gen ni | ni searc ri neach, IT iii 84 § 76 . ? To this: airer sula s.¤ , O'Dav. 178 .

Compds. ¤ball: Aigi sáir co serc-ballaib `of the love-spots', Metr. Dinds. ii 66.16 . ¤betha: mór mo shúil ré sheirc-bheathaidh `delightful life' (sc. in Heaven), A. Ó Dálaigh xxxi 9 . ¤bla: fria serc-bla sláin `loved spot', Metr. Dinds. iv 84.63 . ¤blad: ar bar serc-blaid sír-éistid `loved fame', iii 16.192 . hi flaith Nechtain . . . | co serc-blaid co sith-rúin, 218.30 . Damairne co serc-blaid sain, 282.71 . ¤brath loving betrayal (?): gabhaim oram mar iúl ghlan | senchus bhur sean do dhearbhadh, | dar searcbhrath séd mo sheisi | san séd shearcach shuirgheisi, L. Cl. A. B. 277.143 . ¤chluthair (see clithar, Meyer Contribb.): suadhach shámhghlan shármhaith shearc-cluthair (of a fair woman), Hackett xii 11 . ¤ṡiur a loving sister : brathar duit M. | sercsiur duit in mathair dan mac, Cog. 122.6 .

In adjj. derived from nouns: ¤gnásach: n pl. serc[g]nasai boairec `a 'bōaire''s favourites (?)', BCrólige 54 . ¤thnúthach desirous of love (?): do charas tar aon an Déirdre dheagh-ghnúiseach | . . . shaor-ghlan shearc-thnúthach, Keat. Poems 63 (`love-envious, exciting envious love', Glossary).

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