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1 ad-cumaing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ad-cumaing or dil.ie/411

Forms: adcumaing, atchomaing, ad-comaicc, -ecmaic, -ecmaing, ecmaiṅger, -ecmongar, adcoimced, adcoimged, -ecm(a)i, -ecma, adchomga, -ecmonga, ad-comnaicc, ecmong, ad-comnaicc, adh-comnaccair, adcæmnacair, ecomnechair, atacomcussa, adcomchaissem, -ecmaingsem, adcomcisset, adcoimcaiset, at comgaisit, ecmong, -ecmaic, -ecmaing, ecmong

v (*in-com-icc). Indic. pres. 3 s. adcumaing, Ml. 19c11 . atchomaing, 24c16 (with inf. pron.). ad-comaicc, BDD² 1475 . See GOI p. 354 . Prot. -ecmaic, -ecmaing, used in Mid. Ir. in absolute position in sense (b) below. ?Pass. ecmaiṅger, Ériu vii 6.21 = -ecmongar, 199.7 (in sense of con-icc?). ? Impf. 3 s. adcoimced, LU 7993 ( = ad-comaicc, BDD² 1528 ). adcoimged, O'Mulc. 578 ( = adcomced, Rawl. 108b 37 ). Subj. pres. 3 s. -ecm(a)i, -ecma, Wb. 5b35 , Ml. 15d5 , LU 5855 . Later adchomga, Ériu vii 168.8 . -ecmonga, ii 122 § 62 . pret. and perf. are not distinguished, the most usual form being the 3 s. ad-comnaicc with inf. pron. as verb of existence (see (b) below). Apart from this construction special pret. forms occur mainly in the sense strikes , which is not found in the vn. ecmong (see (a) below). In the other meanings the pres. is frequently used as a historic tense (cf. Études Celt. iii 232 ). pret. 3 s. ad-comnaicc ( happened ), BDD² 1478 (see note.) With depon. inflexion adh-comnaccair, 1477 . adcæmnacair, TBC-I¹ 2248 . ? ecomnechair, ZCP viii 307.25 . As s-pret. 1 s. atacomcussa, LU 9388 . 1 pl. adcomchaissem, Ériu ii 122 § 62 . -ecmaingsem, Fél. Ep. 7 ( -ecmaicsim, O'Dav. 775 ). 3 pl. adcomcisset, Wb. 4d13 . adcoimcaiset, Trip.² 1648 . at comgaisit , O'Curry 2022 ( H 4.22, 49 ).

Vn. ecmong.

There are two meanings, (a) strikes (trans.), (b) happens . As prot. -ecmaic -ecmaing and vn. ecmong are found only in sense (b), and the s-pret. (found in O. Ir. glosses) only in sense (a) there may have been two distinct compound verbs. See, however, MU² 1049 and Ériu v 242.153 cited below under (a). But sense (b) could have arisen from sense (a), where, on the other hand, a compd. of icc could have been influenced by or conflated with boingid or a compd. thereof. Treated as one vb. by Pedersen Vgl. Gr. (ii 555) and Thurn. ( GOI 354 ).

(a) strikes, cuts: adcomcisset ilbéim friss, Wb. 4d13 . atchomaing friagitofil `he struck it against A.,' Ml. 24c16 . roáil .i. adcumaing gl. inimicorum ora pulsavit, 19c10 , 11 . adcoimcaiset crandú fri scíathu, Trip.² 1648 . atascomaing for oenchlaich he slew them on the same stone, SR 5320 . atacomoṅg dooenbeim, 6920 . díbaircid dí conda-ecmaic, MU² 1049 . manid in Leuidan . . . ad-comaicc a erball do thochur in beatha, BDD² 502 . adcomaing cach fer dīb biur n-indamsa, adcomchusa a mbiursa (leg. mo biur-sa?) tria cechtarde seom, TBC-I¹ 2825 . is and atcomaic ruadan in dub themrach (.i. cloc) isin tellach, LB 260b29 = adcomaing, YBL 136a27 . co necmaing a ceand dia suidiu `shore his head from off him', Ériu v 242.153 (to be referred to (b)?).

(b) happens, chances (frequ. in O. Ir. glosses in subjunct. with neg. glossing Lat. nē: coníecmi nádnairchissa gl. ne forte nec tibi parcat, Wb. 5b35 . Ml. 15d5 , 121c13 , 122b5 . KZ xxix 372 . nad n-ecma nad benur do chend dít, LU 5855 (TBC.2 1384). mad dia n-ecma nach ceallach if any dissension arises, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, 92 § 17 . tar crich aranecmai a saíd bre ca[i]ch on which somebody's property happens to be(?), Laws i 78.18 . ad-comnaiccc (sic) corthi cloiche foa chosaib Meic C. there happened to be, BDD² 1478 . ad-cumaing an abhann ina tuinn amail robhaoi riamh, Ériu xiii 13.6 . co n-ecmaing a tul immon n-all so that his forehead struck against the cliff, LU 8934 . ecmaic aroli fer chucca, PH 929 . eacmaing Fint dia tofund happened to go hunting them, ZCP viii 105.9 . The form ecmaing, ecmaic it happens (-ed) occurs with various constructions: ecmaing is dó nach terc ní, ZCP vii 269 § 14 . adcumbec bid mairb dia mairt, xiii 376 n. 7 ( iii 462, xx 223 ). ecmaic boí a chlaideb hi farrad Fergusa, LU 5405 ( TBC-I¹ 927 ). ecmaing . . . cocualutur ni, Fél.² cxxviii 22 . ecmaing nocha n-erbert riam, Anecd. ii 69.4 . eacmaing a bhaí ana . . . do breith dolēic, ZCP xiii 172.18 (TBFr.).

With inf. pron. lit. it has happened to x (to be), hence as verb of existence, the whole group usually being tantamount to a personal pron. (see GOI 480 ): cindas persine attotchomnicc what kind of person art thou? Wb. 6b 13 . Setanta mac Sualtaim atomchomnaicse, LU 4892 ( TBC-I¹ 405 ). ardchaerich adobcomnaic-si ye are mighty sheep, Anecd. i 41.25 . na haiti rosnaltadar ┐ na dá Maine ... ┐ ata-comnaicsi fa-deisin and she herself, BDD² 106 . dogairet i[n]na h-uile Érennaig atotchomnaicc are calling thee, Trip.² 258 . ní mó na mod maccáin lee atacaemnaic, TBC-LL¹ 1632 (in dar le ni mo ina meid mic bhic boi ann, St.) ?atamchomnaic dirgitetaid mo Crist cumachtaig, LU 1152 (ACC). di glain gil atacomnaicc it is (made) of clear crystal, 2039 ( FA 11 ). atacaemhnacair osse . . . merdána, CCath. 347 v.l. laoch amra . . . Art C. atacomhnaic to wit, Hugh Roe 14.12 . In colophon: finit Dubaltach Firbisigh adomcomhnvic, Goid. 79 . Note also: atacomnaic mac laiside .i. Néde, RC xxvi 8.4 . i ndomnach adcoemnaccair Día in sássad nemda .i. in maind, Ériu ii 198.12 (cf. do-indnaig).

fubthad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fubthad or dil.ie/24739
Last Revised: 2019

n u, m. (vn. of fo-botha) also bubthad. The act of frightening or intimidating: ni f.¤ fil isind lassir (gl. quae non terret) Ml. 40c2 . fubtad feirge, LL 371a16 . Often used of terrifying by noise: (of illegal driving of cattle) fubta la feargluinde dia cuimgither cnamu (.i. beim for sciath no int ṡlat for cuaille), Laws v 138.13 (21) = O'Dav. 500 . adcoimcaiset crandu fri scíathu do ḟ.¤ Patraic, Trip. 142.17 (1648) . bí Germán ... crand fria sciath do bupthad na ndam, LU 1751 ( RC ix 482 ; v.l. ubtadh, fubtadh) = do ḟubthadh, Anecd. i 58 § 65 . docorastar huamhon for na sluagho. ní bu fubthud cin damna `a frightening [fright ?] without cause' Ériu ii 100 § 8 . allgot[h]a móra ... na n-uasal ... ic fubtadh a mbidbad, CCath. 5949 . Scare away, warn off: do bubtaid borb ┐ aineolach, O'Curry 2178 ( Eg. 88, f.6 c ) = do fubhtad, H 3.18, p. 469a9 ( Cóic Con. 26 § 1 ) = dfubthach borb ┐ aneolach ar na tistais buirb ... do acrau eolach , Rawl. 114b27 ( Cóic Con. 23 = fubta, 57 § 133 [ H 3.18, 486 ]). Threatening: fubtadh .i. bagar, O'Cl. Cf. fuba co fessaib .i. a fubthad co fesaib, O'Dav. 930 .

Cf. ag fubthad Gall D. fair, Hugh Roe² 24.16 (13b , fub MS., which, in O'Reilly's transcript, 23 P 9, p. 13x , and in the first ed. is expanded fubairt, an unlikely reading).

toirthech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. toirthech or dil.ie/41291

Forms: torthach, tair(r)thech

adj o, ā (torad) Also torthach, tair(r)thech.

(a) fruitful, fertile: amal as sommae .i. amal as t.¤ a thalam, Ml. 84a4 . in chruinn toirthig, Ml. 15b13 . fuarammar morthír mainbthech | toichthech trebthach iltairthech, SR 4702 . do-rónais na crandu tirma cor ba t.¤ , PH 1358 . bid t.¤ do muir ┐ tir, 4285 . muir th.¤ , RC xxvi 32 § 150 . mag thairtheach scoith[ṡ]emrach, YBL 164b26 . in maind mor-toirteach mil-blasda, BB 242a41 . lāthrais bōrormai, fō mind | mór a tórmach t.¤ tromm, ZCP xi 109 § 12 . cach suth sóinmech, cach doth t.¤ , 83 § 29. ós crích thairthig (sic leg.) Themruch Bregh | nemguth ár naithghin (sic leg.) d'óirdnedh, O'Gr. Cat. 470.10. i bParrthas na mbileadh dtoirtheach, DDána 31.7 . gan t'aithghin do dhúil duine | don úir thairthigh thalmhuidhe, 74.61 . ba torthach clár gach chonntaoi, A. Ó Dálaigh lii 26 . laogh na bó tairthighe thú, Dán Dé xxix 17 . tegaisg thoirthecha Dé, Ó Héodhusa 3.16 an aithrighe do bheith toirtheach `fructuosam,' TSh. 6893 . do dhéna me tóirrtheach thú, Gen. xlviii 4 . Hence abundant: do chuir maithi a muintiri ... remi co n-edalaib mora torthicha bid ┐ etaig, Ann. Conn. 1225.16 . tuccsatt crecha mora toirticha leo dochom longpuirt na nGall, 1230.8 . sealg tromthorthach shaoraoibhinn, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1 . ro pa t.¤ ┐ ro pa turchairthech glasláth ... d'édalaib laden , MR 316.10 .

(b) (of persons) generous: cara damsa Tadg toirt[h]each, ZCP viii 225 § 2 . co torthech, tren, tailc, trebarglan, Cog. 140.14 . tarthach tugthach tuigseach treorach, ITS xiii 152.8 (O'Bruadair) .