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2 áith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 áith or dil.ie/2547

 

Forms: á., áithe, átha, aithiu, háthaib, athanna, athandaib

n i, f. á.¤ (g s. and n p. áithe, átha) f. IGT Decl. § 42 . Note also a p. aithiu, O'D. 2270 ( Rawl. B 506, 23b ) (= re háthaib , Laws iv 118.22 Comm. ) and n p. athanna, Ann. Conn. 1235.17 . d p. athandaib, Hib. Min. 66 § 6 . See Lochlann ii 214 .

Drying-kiln (for grain): criathar atho gl. cribrum areale, Thes. ii 235.7 . canaba .i. aith, Codex Salmanticensis col. 379 (Plummer MS. notes). cóic lethunga argait i tírad i n-á.¤ aidchi domnaig ┐ loscad na hátha, Ériu ii 206 § 27 . tirad a n-aith, bleith a muileand, Laws v 474.2 . tech dia ndentar aith, 162.17 . in ni fobentar a caisiul na hatha tar eis in tirtha, 488.13 Comm. athgabail chota i n-aith muiland in dunad, i 216.3 . bla susta aith, iii 220.15 .i. slan a mbrisenn in tsuist isin aith, 16 Comm. tellach na hatha, 264.3 Comm. cuit i n-á.¤, i mmuili[u]nn, Críth G. 96 . indtechta tria críathar n-átha i.e. ground to pieces, BDD² 1295 . ro erb M. fris frestal na hatha, Fél. 12.10 . ? ar (amail) dorucastar ┐ dofuarcar al-lár n-athae, O'Mulc. 424 . gabais tene in aith, Lism. L. 4303 . ro loiscsem bar n-átha de / is ro millsem bar muille, SG 247.37 . sgriostar leis go bruinne mbrátha / a muille a n-átha a n-iothlanna, TD 16.23 . bárr áithe, GJ vi 149a35 . áit[h] na mbríceadh `brickkiln', Nahum iii 14 . sórn áithche (sic) na mbríceadh, 2 Samuel xii 31 .

1 bró

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bró or dil.ie/6875
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: bráu, bróinte, broon

n n Earlier broo, brao , Ériu xlvi 36 n. 134 , bráu (for broe see GOI § 329 ). pl. bróinte (LU etc.). b.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 84.

quern; millstone, grindstone; act of grinding (?): broon gl. Molae (in n. loc.), Thes. ii 45.7 ( Ardm. 10a2 ). clocha broon . . . mola broo din, Corm. 29 s.v. muilend. muilend . . . mó a ail .i. mō a chloch(a) quam cloch[h]a brōn, Corm. Y 874. tuarcain do-fuaircitis inna grán . . . resiu arista brao the quern, Sg. 184b3 . issi (Mugdornn) cetna cumal ceta-ra-gaib broin inn-a laim la firu Erenn, Laws v 394.3 . bīait for mnā særa for bróintib, TBC-I¹ 1130. ? imbri b.¤ , LU 8399 (see ? imbri). combo demithir (sic MS.) bróin mulind as fast as a mill-wheel, LU 9054 ( FB 80 ). athgabail cuicthi . . . im denum liacc bron, Laws i 184.11 . noco modmar cach n-oenb. (: gó), LL 9489 `a single millstone is ineffective', TBC-LL² 2047 . bro toll, IT iii 81 § 59. Ciarnath 'cun broin (: ḟóil) borddaig, LL 16899 ( RC xlvii 301.16 .). tīrad ┐ brō ┐ crīathar , Bruchst. i 71 § 167. bro ┐ lossat ┐ altrum (i.e. the unproductive work of a housewife), Laws ii 410.17 Comm. See Stud. in E. Ir. Law 34 n.1 . bro ┐ losut, ┐ criathrud [do munudh] dia n-ingeanuibh, Laws ii 152.11 Comm. don cet sceinm na bro[n] ris cach naen `in the first slipping of the millstone' (of exemption from liability), iii 282.19 Comm. mar gluasacht bron (motion of the firmament), Ir. Astr. Tr. 142.14 . tormán na brón muilinn = the sound of the millstones, Jeremiah xxv 10. ar chlachaibh brán do bhreacadh from picking millstones, IGT Decl. ex. 1306. See breccaire. b.¤ bheag bhreac, Measgra D. 7.26 . do chasadh na líobhrón grindstone, TSh. 6211.

With meilid (see also 2 meile, bleith): Gall i Mugna melid broí (: druí), Éigse x 185 § 15. do bleith bróan, Three Hom. 64.2 . domheiled broin gach fer, Lism. L. 850. narab bro gan gaillsig . . . im meli bron, Cog. 116.10 , 13 . Prec. by prepp. I N-, A: ná derntar isin domnach . . . bleith i muilenn ná bróin `grinding in mill or quern', Ériu ii 202.1 . bleith a lam-broin dichmairc, Laws v 474.3 . naoi gcearna arbhair do bhleith . . . a bróin, Keat. ii 5233.

Fig. dia ḟadhbhuind si bhroin uachtair, dogentai bro íochtair dim if I found an upper millstone I should make a lower millstone of myself (answer to a proposal of marriage), ZCP xiii 280. 3 , 4 . Of a hero: ba bráu borb-leṅg inna bíu `a wild-whirling millstone', Metr. Dinds. iv 94.14 .

See lám compds. cet bromaistread lind . | ar tus i nErinn the first churning with a quern BB 25 a 55 .

bruar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bruar or dil.ie/7054
Last Revised: 2013

 

n o n. (brú- + -ar LEIA B-101-2 , Études Celt. xiii 416 . disyll., cf. IT iii 102.4 cited infra) (cf. 1 bruïd, brúaid, bruan) fragments, bits: b.¤ ` crumbs, bits, small parts vide spruar ,' P. O'C. (see SGS ii 29 ). conderna b.¤ dia cind imon carraic, Anecd. i 15.7 (SCano 509). ina mbruur, IT iii 102.4 (§ 184) . bid indtechta tria críathar n-atha bar ṁbrúar i.e. you will be ground to pieces, BDD² 1295. co nderna . . . bruara mina menbaigthe da cat[h]barr `bits', CCath. 3632. iar ndenam briscair bruair dí (sc. scíath), Grail p. 40. 26 = briscbruar, 891 . go ndernadh briosg b.¤ de bits and pieces, TFrag. 74.5 . co mbíd . . . a cnámu ina m-brisc b.¤ , LB 156b47 . See brisc compds. buidithir b.¤ ndergoir yellow as dust of red gold (of hair), ZCP xiii 282.10 . b.¤ nó luaithreadh na gloine bhristear shattered bits (of glass), TSh. 7195. b.¤ cach bidh `crumbs', Laws iv 354.11 Comm.

3 cert

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 cert or dil.ie/8789

 

n in phr. c.¤ ḟuine (compd. certḟuine ?): ceartḟuine `a baking implement', Laws iv 8.23 .i. . . . in ní for a certaigenn a fuine leo, 10.23 Comm. certfuine .i. in leac ara ndentar in fuine, ut est losat criathar certfhuine, O'Dav. 526 . Perh. cooking-stone, hearthstone , see 1 cerd, cerdchae. ceartfuine .i. sabhal na tri pés .i. maidi na tri cos, ut est (citing Laws iv 8.23 ), O'Curry 2067 ( H 4.22, 67 ).

coire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coire or dil.ie/10386
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: choro, coireadha, chorae, choireadhaibh

n io [m., Críth Gabl.]. Cf. .x. c.¤ glossed saincenel claidibh, Ériu ii 3.12 . Also ca-, cu-. ?n s. in choro , Ériu v 40.1 . a p. coireadha, SG 28.12 . g p. chorae, LU 7425 . d p. ós choireadhaibh , O'R. Poems 185 . Cf. ZCP xxix 378 .

Cauldron, pot : c.¤ gl. hoc caldarium, Ir. Gl. 724 . imdell . . . itir c.¤ ┐ dabaig, O'Mulc. 740 . c.¤ .i. cōi ūire .i. úr cach n-om, Corm. Y 399 . na seacht core, Anecd. i 11.2 ( SCano 331 ). in c.¤ do bruith na n-om, LL 38339 ( SG 371. 2 ). dabach ┐ c.¤ on flaith fri dénam fleidi, O'D. 521 ( H 3.17, 423 ). core co neim, LU 7714 ( BDD 129 ). caire umai hi talla(i) torcc, Críth G. 197 . c.¤ cona inbiur(b), 174 . bla c.¤ combruth, Laws iii 266.3 . ní tuccad a chairi do thenid (of cauldron of Da Derga), LU 7771 ( BDD 133 ). fo drolmaig is fo ch.¤ , Ériu iv 98 § 26 . escraib cornaib caírib dabchaib deilg, IT iii 30.9 ( BB 301b40 ). teni fo a choiriu, Fing. R. 473 . coiri cæcdhuirnn, IT iii 187 § 8 . caire, losat ┐ criathar , Laws i 122.13 . in lind i c.¤ toll (prov.), Ériu ix 45 § 3 . díoth cruidh c.¤ Tomás `devourers of wealth are the cauldrons of T.', Magauran 3524 . maith an chuire 's a chéad torc (: duine), DDána 42.42 .

With added description of size, value etc. (see Thurn. ZCP xiv 358 ; Hull xviii 296 n.4 ) (where name of an animal follows it is uncertain whether this indicates value or size, but cf. Críth G. 197 cited above): caire Iulaice lan do lemnacht, ZCP xiv 356.1 ( Laws ii 254.2 .i. is fiu lulgaid, 15 ). méit chori cholbthaige, LU 6952 ( BDD 58 ). commeit chori cholbthaigi, 3262 ( SCC 5 ). ba mmóir choire ṅ-darta `kettle of a heifer', ZCP xviii 296.5 . coire cert ocht fichet torc (in house of Mac Ind Óc), viii 108.16 . Of an ordeal: in caire fira cauldron of testing, Laws v 472.22 Comm. fir fora nascar fir caire `test of the caldron', i 194.23 . Cori Fir, IT iii 188 § 11 . naidm caire chombrothaigh, Ériu xiii 34.15 . cranncor sceo caire cainndlige . . . an caire ada do reir coir, in c.¤ fira, O'Curry 2587 ( Eg. 88, 49(50)d ). ? Cf. gabhthar geall . . . / re cnáimh c.¤ , DDána 111.25 . Of collecting-pot of poets: c.¤ acu .i. coiri gacha clére díb. Coire Sainti a ainm, RC xx 422.14 - 6 . C.¤ ainsic see ainsic. c.¤ amaite, see ammait. c.¤ féile cauldron of plenty : boí c.¤ fēile la Laigniu, Buchat a ainm (applied to person), Fing. R. 472 = brughaidh . . . do choimhéadadh c.¤ féile ar theinidh, Keat. ii 4683 . in caire flatha `regal cauldron', MR 50.9 . Of mythical Cauldron of Plenty: coiri an Dagdai, RC xii 58.1 .

Whirlpool : cuire cróderg cubrach (of bloody river), Fianaig. 90.20 . rosbaidh coiri serb na sín (of Coire Breccáin), Ériu x 80 § 43 . imchore nandrúagh, IT iii 46 § 73 . caire cuairt-bill `whirl-pool', Laws v 298.17 Comm. In n. loc. C.¤ mBreccáin, Dinds. 145 . C.¤ Brecāin, Corm. Y 323 . Murchad M. / . . . / ērge C.¤ / Breccāin `who rises like B.'s . . . whirlpool', Misc. Hib. 46.5 ( BB 289b49 ). Cf. Reeves Ad. 29 n. Coire mBrecain, Dinds. 145 ( RC xvi 157 ).

Fig. gainitir tri coiri i cach duiniu .i. Coire Goriath ┐ Coire Érmai ┐ Coire Sois 'three cauldrons are generated in every person, i.e. the Cauldron of Goiriath and the Cauldron of Érmae and the Cauldron of Knowledge', Ériu xxxii 64 § 4 . trí coiri bíte in cach dúini: coire érma, coire goriath, coire áiged, Triads 127 .

creithir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. creithir or dil.ie/12844

 

Forms: c.

n (Lat. crater, Vendr. De Hibernicis Vocabulis 132 ) container, vessel, drinking-cup : ?caera crethir comraicthe, LU 7401 = c.¤ , BDD² 1028 ` bowl(?)', Gloss. nasc deo[g]buire do daile fimm i crethir, O'D. 2216 (Nero A vii, 148b). creitir .i. sīthal nō ardig nō tulchuba, ut est dodāile[d] fim a crethir, Corm. Y 392 = crether, O'Dav. 353 . certe a certera (leg. crethir a cratera(?), Ed.), O'Mulc. 223 . c.¤ .i. cupa no copán nó soidheach asa nibhthear deoch, O'Cl. ? pl. crithle cremnūail, ZCP xii 290.21 ` goblets ', Contribb. 521 . See críathar .

creithne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. creithne or dil.ie/12845

 

x see críathar .

críathar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. críathar or dil.ie/12904

 

Forms: criathar, criathar

n o, m. sieve, riddle : criathar gl. cerebrum, Sg. 48b2 (see n. and Études Celt. xi 102 , 106 ). c.¤ atho gl. cribrum areale, Thes. ii 235.7 . hoc cribrum criathar , Ir. Gl. 700 . creithne .i. criathar , Goid. ( Dúil Laithne 78 ). losad, criathar, certḟuine, Laws iv 8.23 = O'Dav. 526 . criathrad tre criathar , Laws v 486.15 . nesam he . . . re denam cul criathar (of bones of whale), i 134.30 Comm. bid intechta tría c.¤ n-átha, LU 7755 `through the sieve of a cornkiln', BDD 131 . cuimri raid . . . rusc immi ┐ criathar arba . . . emilt rusc im imim ┐ criathar im arbor, Auraic. 636 - 7 . amhuil . . . arbhar a cc.¤ , Amos ix 9 . As measure: aonchrīathar grāin eorna, BColm. 58.6 . oencriathar bracha `one sieve of malt', Lism. L. 1357 . an criathor mealo ` honey-comb ', Blathm. 216 . sumu cruoeb, creithir mealu, ZCP xiii 276.14 . usce for tóin créthir (an impossible task), MacCongl. 73.3 . Of bodies riddled with wounds: gurbo crēithir c[h]om-tholla na cuirp ō imghonuibh, ML² 1845 . co nderna criathar focha de, Fing. R. 248 `a wasp's honeycomb', Ériu xii 237 . TTr.² 1324 . ro ba criathar toll . . . / do thaobh (of Christ), Aithd. D. 70.25 . Of land in meaning of críathrach: ropo criathar lee co hAlbain (of destructive pig), Dinds. 74 = ḟasach, LL 22223 . fedha ┐ criathra . . . go Cill mic D. ` swamp ', BNnÉ 187.35 . In n. loc.: Domnach Mór Maige Críathair, Trip.² 2260 .

críathrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. críathrach or dil.ie/12905

 

Forms: criathraigh

n o ( críathar ). Cf. d s. criathraigh, BNnÉ 187.37 . marsh, morass, boggy wasteland : dotall a criathrach a iath (B. na f.), ZCP v 485.z .i. fāsach, n. criathrach .i. fásach, O'Cl. gu tarla . . . a criathrach bhog mhointigh `soft shaking turf', AU iii 406.22 . a gcosdudh ar criathrach `marshy ground', Magauran 3606 . níor sgar . . . / gur chriathruch magh lom, O'R. Poems 2496 . nír dhaingne a gcriathrach ná a gcoill, Aithd. D. 37.37 . coill ná criathrach, 21.13 . ionnsaicchidh móna ┐ criathraigh, AFM iv 1226.26 . In n. loc. trí baili an Criathraigh, Hy Fiach. 202.3 . See Hog. Onom.

críathrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. críathrad or dil.ie/12906

 

u, m. vn. of críathraid. act of winnowing, sifting, riddling : criatrad mine, IT iii 47.19 . tirad ┐ bro ┐ criathrad ┐ fuine ┐ imfuine, 101.1 . criathrad tre criathar , Laws v 486.15 . bro ┐ losut ┐ criathrud (to be taught to girls in fosterage), ii 152.12 Comm. bran arna criathradh co mín, Rosa Angl. 218.9 . a laithe an chrīarta day of judgment, ZCP viii 208.w . do chríathradh na ccineadhach, Isaiah xxx 28 . Act of riddling with wounds: inathair C. ar na criathrad ┐ ar na comthollad, MR 270.9 . do chorp ar n-a chriathradh, Aithd. D. 70.25 .

críathraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. críathraid or dil.ie/12907

 

Forms: críathrad

v ( críathar ) sifts, riddles; spreads : dia mad min ni criatharthea, LB 155b19 . ri c[ria]thras usce . . . / for iathmass na n-al n-ollmuad gives rain(?), SR 41. 7937 . glantar do tech . . . criathairther luaith fora lar, Ériu v 72.17 . c.¤ ócu riddles with wounds, LU 3416 ( SCC 18 ). Of land (cf. críathrach): in gním . . . / rochriathair rochocain `made it a pillage and a prey', Metr. Dinds. iii 408.4 . imon muic rocri[a]thar a tir impu, Dinds. 74 = [ro]ḟasaig, LL 22222 . coro chriathrastair na criocha `wasted', Hugh Roe² 170.21 .

Vn. críathrad.

1 crithir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 crithir or dil.ie/13008

 

Forms: crithre, crithri, -ther, criothar, crithel, crithir, crithear

n (crith ? Cf. GOI § 265 (a) ?) g s. crithre. Pl. crithri. Also -ther? criothar, PBocht 11.16 . crithel, TTebe 4358 . crithir f., IGT Decl. § 163 . crithear f., § 162 (in both cases also with velar infl. in g s. and in pl.).

(a) spark, flash, spurt of flame : hi crithri gl. in fauillas, Ml. 49c4 . fūadait (leg. lūadait ? Ed.) crithre, ZCP xi 108 § 5 . ǽncriter di (of fire of hell), RC xxiv 381.22 . crithri in íaraind ┐ in tellaig, Laws iii 190.1 Comm. amal crithri cærtheinigh, ZCP xiii 171.34 . ? cáera crethir comraicthe (rhet.), LU 7401 ( BDD 100 ). a crithri im chealla (term of opprobrium), IT iii 101.2 . grís ar cur a crithri di dying embers, Cóir Anm. 34 . c.¤ crithes crothos cuan lightning flash(?), Auraic. 5260 . ? plág na cammralann (caumur lann, MS.) do chur hi c.¤ `the plague of the trembling of the privies', Celtica iv 24.330 (reading and application uncertain. Cf. tene ┐ torann, SR 3936 , cineris, Exodus ix 8 . ) crithear a fheirge d'fiuchadh, IGT Decl. ex. 2035 . pian gach c.¤ dá gcuir di (i.e. hell fire), Dánfhocail 125 . a chrithear do chruaidh nimhe `spark of fierce steel' (of chieftain), Aithd. D. 46.23 . crithre .i. drithleanna teineadh no splangca, O'Cl.

(b) In more general sense of particle, drop, small quantity: c.¤ fola fora crund drop of blood, LU 8337 ( FB 24 ). crithrib cró (chev.), TBC-LL² 434 . Cf. c.¤ mela = aliquod favi, Ériu iii 112, n. 30 (leg. críathar ?). c.¤ do luaithreadh particle , TSh. 7188 . criothar d'fheart an éarlomha `another of his miracles', PBocht 11.16 . do ghabh an ch.¤ cumhadh, Aithd. D. 23.14 (`the palsy of sorrow'). ar chríon dom chrithribh. DDána 24.25 `beodhacht cuirp', Gloss. an t-eolas gan cheo gan ch.¤ , Ó Bruad. ii 176.6 . crithre corphort `sparkling melodies', Bard. P. 46. 11 . crithre an chosnaimh (of faithful defenders), Hackett² xxxii 28 . nár chéim crithre `twas hard', Ó Bruad. ii 120.5 .

Compds. (some or all to be referred to 2 c. ?): mo chrithirdalta craide, MR 122.11 . d'ænbuilli crithir-cloidhim, ZCP viii 539.16 . go lúthmhar crithir-mhear, Keat. Poems 283 . do ghruadh . . . chrithirthe, DDána 74.62 .

2 cúairt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 cúairt or dil.ie/13328

 

n expld. as basket . Appar. an inference: cuairt .i. rusc, ut est, losad, criathar, certfuine cuairt a comhnadmaim, O'Curry 2067 ( H 4.22, 67 ). Cf. cuairt . . . naidm sin do beir rusc nollnae aru belaib, 848 ( H 3.18, 385b ) (cf. Laws iv 8.24 ).

cúas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cúas or dil.ie/13368

 

Forms: cús, cúas, cúais

n o (1 cúa) also cús (d s. of disyllable? Cf. LU 1350 , IGT Decl. ex. 1581 ). Also with d s. cúas, a d s. cúais. c.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 75 . hollow; cavity; cave, cavern; lair, den, shelter : cūad a cūas i.e. uac[u]us , Corm. Y 353 . inngas .i. inde an gai na chuais `socket (?)', O'Mulc. 769 . cuife, doire, pruchlais, garadh, c.¤ , Eg. Gl. 138 . fuathas, c.¤, doire, tuinidh[e] `den', 318 . na cúasa = caves , Judges vi 2 . i cuas carrce cor chotlus cave, LL 376b37 . i ccuassaib bruach, Acall. 3514 `to hollows beneath banks', Murphy Lyrics 51 (heading l.3). hi cús craind, LU 1350 . isin cuass ind lim, Trip.² 926 `into the hollow of the elm', Trip. 84.18 . co ḟuaratar cuaís darach, LB 274a50 `a hollow oak', SG 56.6 (reading cuas). anns-na crannaib a mbí co cuas `that are hollow', PH 7743 . ōs cūasaibh corn, ZCP viii 221 § 48 .

Fig. criathar meala a meadhón chúis honey-comb in a hollow tree (a prince), IGT Decl. ex. 1581 . ar chuas an chroidhe, TSh. 1855 . tarr fám chneadhaibh, ┐ do-gheabhae cuasa chomhairce ionnta (God to the sinner), Mac Aingil 455 . chneasuighthe an chuais tar goimh, Ó Bruad. iii 168.14 .

Compds. With nouns and Vn. an tsrón . . . arna cuasdúnadh (with the nostrils) stopped up (at death), TSh. 1096 . re hinnarba hanma a cuas-istadaib do chuirp `latent recesses', MR 294.2 . With adjj. trī srōna creimennacha cuasf[h]innfadhacha ag na caillechuib with hairy hollows (nostrils ?), ML² 1590 . in tall clairthe cuaisleacach `pit . . . of stony caverns' (Hell), Magauran 2347 . do chasadar na cromsróna cuasleathna `with broad nostrils' (Gloss.), CF² 288 . fetana cuasmora ceolbindi deeply-hollowed . . . pipes, TTebe 2225 . a ccuas-tollaib na ccruim-sciath `hollow cavities', Manners and Customs ii 263 n. 206.2 . Cf. cúasal, cúsal. With Part. an tsúil do bheith cuas-shloigthe the eye swallowed up in its socket (at death), TSh. 1610 .

1 dlúth, dlúith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dlúth, dlúith or dil.ie/17082

 

Forms: dluith, dluthi, dluith, dluidhibh

adj (also occas. with -ŭ-, see Celtica iii 177 ) close, compact, dense: dluith (gl. densus), Ir. Gl. 636 . ont sluag d.¤ gl. denso agmine, Gild. Lor. 39 . cini dlúith lib int oíntu sin though ye do not deem that union close, Wb. 12b9 . dluthi gl. condensa, Ml. 48d18 ; gl. densatas, 120d13 . in talam dluith do indluch, 129d8 . lassa lar ṅdluith continenti solo, 89d18 . cona dlumaib dluthaib, SR 3367 . ni regat cuirp na hesergi tri churpa dluthi dense bodies, PH 6745 . hi corpaib dlútaib ┐ i corpaib tiugaidib bias esergi . . . ní i corpaib sémib mar aer nó gáith substantial, RC xxv 244 . rochumaiscseadar neoill . . . na firmaminti cor-ua dorchatu dluith iter muir ┐ tir, TTebe 1964 . doratsat dorchai dluthi dar Mag nÁi (= tenebras densas), Lat. Lives p. 23 . fidhnemhedh dlúith, CCath. 1766 . do-sn-eim dos dluit[h], Fianaig. 14 . i mmullach croinn dosaigh dhlúith, BS § 61 . na coillti . . . is dluithi ┐ is doimtachta densest and most impenetrable, CF 820 . (Arann) d.¤ a fraigred re fedhaib, SG 102 . cath dlúith daingean do dhéanamh dóibh féin, Keat. iii 4435 . fāl-airbi firdluith Frangc, MR 214 . cor-ba dluithither re cleith . . . in lini sleg, TTebe 2822 . criathar dluith a close (fine-meshed) sieve, PCT 1120 . ionar . . . co cciumhius dluith deghfhighthi, BS § 8 . cochlān caemdlūith, Fianaig. 50 . luiriuch dluith, CCath. 4677 . tucadar dubgona dluithi ar a cheli close together (i.e. numerous, repeated), CF 129 . póga dlúithe, Book of O'Conor Don 273a19 . Close, in proximity (to): leath atōibe (.i. as dluith) co dú . . ., PH 6689 . gér dhlúith dá chéile ar gcumann, DDána 101.44 . an t-allus becc . . . teagmaidh se ona póirib do ueith dlúith closed up, 3 C 22, 19a4 . in sele geal dluith no cnapanach thick, viscous , 3 C 19, 247 ra 11 . Of a sound: as dluithe ┐ as daingne dochluinnteir an guth ann (i.e. the sound is focused in that position), 24 P 3, 183.18 . Fig. nā tuill buide mblāith | fria duine nach dlúith `one who is not steadfast', KMMisc. 274 . gut[h] blāith im deismerecht dluith cogent proof (example ?), ACL iii 306 . ropat dlúthe a nadmann firm, binding , Tec. Corm. § 6.47 . isnaib cānaib dlūthib stringent (?), Corm. Y 48 . With FRI: is dlúith fri Críst mo chaingean `with C. my cause is bound up closely', SG 55 . Compar. feibh is dlúite rotaitset braenghal ferthana, CCath. 1282 . Adv. tuirt mor do maithib Grég ina thimchell co dluith close around him, Alex. 66 . ata [Milan] ar n-a suidhiughadh co comhfhairsing dluith daoinechar ar ferannetc., compactly, Fl. Earls 96 . Repeatedly, assiduously, intently: pōigis hē cu dluith ┐ cu dicrach, Lib. Flav. ii 2 va 50 . co dluith denmnetach ic a tuargain, CCath. 5754 .

As subst. in pl.: a catha, . . . a drobeala, a dlutha, a donala, tight corners, fixes (?), Ériu iv 162 . tuighe rigbaile ic a scuabadh ina dluidhibh deilighthe re gaith in separate masses, CCath. 5896 (perh. d p. of dlúthe).

Compds.

(a) With nouns: ¤buaile: gur hosluiced dorus . . . ar in n-dluthbhuailid close phalanx, Caithr. CC 33.5 . ¤chertugud: ag dingi ┐ ag d. na n-allmurach a ceann a cheili pressing hard, CF 806 . ¤chiall : dlūith-ciall i cáinstarib, ACL iii 218 § 5 . ¤chomrád intimate (eager?) conversation: dlúthcomhradh in churadh . . . ré na giolla, TBC-LL¹ p. 481 . dluthchomhrádh na bhfer, Acall. 235 . ¤chros: a dhlúthchros fa dtú ag tuirrse | tú mhúchfas mo mheadhair-se, DDána 65.2 . ¤ecor dense array: daire dluithegair, Ériu iii 164 . ¤éra a blank refusal , Top. Poems 10 . ¤ḟid: a ndiamair an dluithḟeda, AFM vi 1918 . ¤gluasacht: coill gan crith duille gan dluthgluasacht, Lib. Flav. ii 6 rb 28 . ¤imáin: ag dírgheadh ┐ acc dlúithiomáin a shelbha driving in a dense herd, AFM vi 2198 . ¤mong: d. clustering hair , DDána 99.32 . ¤néll: a mbith ina ndluithne[o]ll . . . isin aer uassaibh, CCath. 5661 . ¤ṡnechta: in cith dluithsnechta ro fear ann, RC xxiii 418 § 32 .

(b) With adjj.: ¤aimréid: fo choilltibh ndosach ndlúithaimhréidh dense and rugged , AFM vi 1912 . ¤barrach: doisiubair dluthbarracha, CCath. 4109 . ¤choem: noí mbaindelba dluthchoema `fair and firm', Metr. Dinds. ii 28 . ¤daingen. adv. ro coirighset co d. immo tigerna, CCath. 5786 . ¤iatta: i gcarcair . . . dúnta dlúith-iatta, TSh. 2710 . ¤maisech: mong donnchas dluthmaisech, BB 427b26 . ¤mer: comrac dluthmhear, CF 484 . ¤niamda: iorradh daingen dlúithniamda ` well-knit, flashing armour ', O'Gr. Cat. 376 . ¤ṡlim: dot chéib dhluithslim, O'Gr. Cat. 411 .

(c) With vbs.: ¤daingnigid: ro dlúthdaingnighit doirsi na cathrach `were closely secured', CCath. 1712 . ¤dingid: ro dluthdingset cach i cend araili `pressed hard', CCath. 3174 . ¤lenaid: mairg dan dluithleanann an daidbreas closely follows , Lib. Flav. ii 5 rb 53 . ¤scaraid: ó dhlúthsgarais mise is mo bhean, Gadelica 257 .

1 foich

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 foich or dil.ie/22816

 

Forms: puith, focha, puith, puithedh, bhfutha, fothaibh

n f. (Brit. loan, Ped.; O'Rahilly SGS iii 63 , later also puith, see below).

(a) a cankerworm: gl. eruca ( Joel ii 25 or Amos iv 9 ) Thes. i 2.13 .

(b) a wasp: gl. vespa Thes. ii 43.7 . an ḟ.¤ neimhneach bhíos dhá chailg, Content. xvi 6 . saithe demna hi richt foiche, BColm. 86.7 . na focha (a p.), ib. 11 . áit i bhfuilid ... foiche ar foluamhain, TSh. 6681 . saithedha beac[h] ┐ foichedh, CCath. 4782 . a n-aghaidh urchoide na mbeach ┐ na bfoitheadh, 23 K 42, 331.17 . saithedha ... saighdiúiridhe ... fo cossmhailes foichedh fírbheach `swarms of bees' (?) AFM vi 2224.3 .

puith: apes et vespe habent aculeum .i. bíth cailg ac na beachaibh ┐ ac na puithibh, O'Gr. Cat. 213.25 . g p. do cailg ... na puithedh ib. 3 . (Fig.) iongnadh an iomaidh si chluinim ... ag futhaibh ` wretches ' Ó Bruad. i 122 . g p. ... na bhfutha , 126 . d p. dina fothaibh (contr. with `fírbheach') iii 202 (but these may belong to 1 foth, q.v.).

? Mil nad focair a aidid ┐ foich a forus, O'Curry 815 ( H 3.18, 376 ).

Cf. nodgoin co nderna criathar focha de, LL 273a37 ( RC xiii 395 ). focherdat a ngai fair co nderna criathar focha de, TTr.² 1324 (where Stokes would read fotha and render ` sieve of the mill's feed ').

imḟuine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imḟuine or dil.ie/27566

 

n the act of cooking, baking, broiling: fer ara tabar | tīrad ocus brō ocus crīathar | ocus fuine ocus imḟuine | ... do Rāith ... Crūachan `Backen und Kochen,' Bruchst. 71 § 167. ic fuine aráin ... ┐ ica immaine iarsin, LB 234b35 . maoarbaais .iii. pait. louidh dia n-imfouine for bróu cairrce `he killed three hares, he went to cook them on the brink of a rock,' Ériu vii 242.4 . infechtain ma roan-sam re himaine na feolai, RC xiii 6.22 . dogní Lugaid Láeghḟes a ímmaine .i. feis doib dhe, Cóir Anm. § 70. doníat na laeich a himfhuine ┐ a hindeonad `they cook it and broil it,' Marco P. § 107. robdar iatt a aighin urgnamha slata fada na fiodhbhaidhi acc iomfhuine fheolmaigh a eassccaratt, AFM v 1750.7 .

3 in-,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 in-, or dil.ie/28196
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: in-, in-, in-, in-, ínnair, hinarmaighe, incathe, h-ion-Con-cculaind, hingallru, inrigh

in adjectival formation. Adjj. are formed by composition of the particle in- (which Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 358 (f) regards as probably an intensive prefix but see Ériu xx 83 ) with (a) a substantive (the term ionshamhlughadh is applied to this type of adj. in IGT Introd. 33 § 151 , § 152 ) or vn. or (b) a participle in -t(a)e, -th(a)e. These adjectives are indeclinable and those in group (a) have the meaning capable of, fit for, proper for, worthy of (the action, thing or person expressed by the substantive): with the vn. the sense is usually passive: ` fit to be ....' If formed with the part. they have nearly always the force of the Lat. gerundive.

in- lenited the following initial, but in some later examples sh- is replaced by ts-.

(a): [Where the substantive compounded with in- was an o-stem, the resulting adj. was an i- stem. Hence it came to be considered that these adjj. were formed with the gs. of the subst., and many of the later exx. consist of in-+g s. of a subst. See GOI § 345 ]. ¤accra capable of being claimed: imḟorcraid ro b'ināirme na cindedh comloinn ro b'inagra, MR 268.19 . ¤aicde ` capable of acting as surety ' (Plummer MS. notes): frisin raith innaicde, O'Curry 67 (< H 3.18, p. 24b ). ¤affrinn fit to offer Mass; suitable for the offering of Mass: nír inaiffrind in altóir i nfécmais in tréidhe sin, SG 31.11 . an sacart do-chī an aisling sin nī h-in-aifrinn hé, De Contemptu 986. ¤áig capable of giving battle: in nech ba hionáigh gan oil, Duan. F. i 6.12 . ¤aignis able to argue: dá bhrígh sin nach rabhas ionaighnis risna taoiseachaibh so, Maguires of F. § 56. ¤ainmmnigthe fit to be named: is úaitsi is ionainmnighthe í, ar Ronán, Ériu v 94.4 . ¤air fit for ploughing: As subst. itir ḟidh ocus fer ocus ínnair , Laws iv 146.1 Comm. indair .i. in t-ar derg no in gort, ut est itir fér ┐ ith ┐ indair ` arable land ,' O'Dav. 1120. seacht seisrecha leis for indair, Anecd. i 1.8 . ¤airm capable of bearing arms: a fir i.¤ athramail aín. IT iii 80.27 . do hoileadh Lúgh Lamhfada go beith ionairm dó, Keat. i 220.17 . ¤áirme, later also ¤áirim worthy of being recounted or mentioned: ni hionairme tu itir deglaochaib, TBC-LL¹ p. 241 n. 5 . an tres itche as ionáirme, BNnÉ i 224.37 . imḟorcraid ro b'inairme `any advantage worth mentioning,' MR 268.19 . is roim thigerna do gairm dhe as mo do rinne se do na gnimhaibh bad ináirmhe dhúin, L. Chl. S. § 46 . gonar fhagaibhsiat ní is ionaireamh da leabhruibh innte, MS. Mat. 551.41 . nír bhó hionairimh a n-échta, AFM vi 1936.11 . cás oinigh ni hionáirimh | go bás t'oidhir d'fholáirimh, Aithd. D. 60 § 33. ¤aistir fit to travel, capable of walking: atai-si anbann, ┐ ní hinaistir tú budesta, ZCP vi 98.30 . ona baí ionaisttir leó an t-árach ina mbertaoi a chorp ... do dhenamh dho `as he was not able to march with them, to make for him the bier ...,' AFM iii 364.x . lé ndéantar othar don anam, ┐ lé gcuirthear ... ó bheith ionaistir i slighe na haithrighe é, TSh. 10460. As epithet of a messenger: dochuir C. a echlacha ... .i. Tairec Turusach ┐ Berraidhi Inasdair, RC xliii 14 § 8. ¤aithne capable of being recognised or acknowledged: nach tiobhairthe acht dod thogha | ionaithne na hasgadha `one sees that such gifts would not have been given thee except to mark thee out,' Aithd. D. 37 § 14. ¤aitire capable of acting as a surety: ni hinaitire ┐ ni hinraith, O'Curry 509 (< H 3.18, p. 258 ). ¤aitreba fit to be inhabited: ro láinbrisedh lais iatt conar bhó hionaittreabha inntibh (of castles that were demolished), AFM v 1386.12 . ¤allcaille ` fit for a ghost ' : aghaid glasban inalcaille le, CCath. 4023. ¤altena fit for (use as) a razor: ro thogaibh F. in luirg imremair athgeir inaltena, Stair Erc. 290. ¤amuis fit for military service: oclaech alaind inamhuis, D IV 2, 79ra24 . ? ¤áraig liable to be bound ? liable to give a pledge or guarantee ? : inarag .i. bith arag tar a cend ar na tarlaici a cinaidh for nech, O'Curry 467 (< H 3.18, p. 246 ). ¤ármaige `fit for a battle-field' : adv. co hinarmaighe (of a corpse) CCath. 4189. ¤baindse fit for a wedding-feast: flegha fuain .i. inbotha .i. inbainnsi .i. edach nuachuir, O'Curry 2067 (< H 4.22, p. 67 ). ¤béime capable of being censured, blame-worthy: má tá nidh inbhéime ann, gabhadh gach léaghthóir mo leithsgeul, Eochairsg. 17.34 . níorbh inbhéime an breitheamhnas tuaithe `the native law of the land should not be censured,' Keat. i 70.7 . ¤béla fit for the axe: etham frichnamha : tir inbela som (i.e. uncleared land), Laws iv 276.15 . ¤bésa customary: it hesidi at inbésa gl. quae ... fieri moris est, Ml. 45dr . is dusuidib ba inbesa gl. quibus moris erat, 31d12 . ¤bethe capable of being, fit to be: nabud inbethe iar n-aicniud (sic leg.) for oin `that it could not be by nature ...,' Laws i 156.16 Comm. co mbat ingnīma fri guin duine ┐ co mbat inbuithi fri tūaith `until they take their place in the tribe,' Cáin Ad. § 34. dibell .i. ní inbuithi in bello (sic leg.), O'Mulc. 311. ¤bíd fit for food ? : miach cruithnechta cruaid inbid, Laws ii 250.x . ¤boga like a bow: rella iongnáth ... ┐ crom stuagh urcrom ionbhogha eiste `a curved bow-like tail,' AFM v 1700.10 . ¤bruigne capable of taking part in a conflict: ógbhaidh fheardha ion-bhruighne `good in fight,' Content. xxix 26. ¤búana fit to be reaped: abaidh inbuana a tosach na ced mís d'foghmar, BCC 70.14 .

¤chaithme

(a) eatable, proper to be eaten: connach inchathmi do neoch ní cen shaethar, LL 285b43 . atā fleadh urlamh ionc[h]aithfe agum dhuit, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1607. biadh daingean ioncaithmhe, Eochairsg. 69.9 . Fig. ... thruailligheas an eagna dhiadha ó bheith ionchaithmhe, TSh. 8982.

(b) capable of being cast: a n-airm eadtroma ion-chaithmhe, Atlantis iv 196.3 .

¤chatha

(a) able to fight: is truagh lium méd an eigin a fuiled fir Eirenn ┐ gan mo beith féin inchatha leo, CF 400. ? As subst. : innus guma ferrde h'incathe `so that thou shalt be the better fitted to fight,' RC xix 32.y . ? To this,

(b) worth fighting for ? : madh incaithe crich .i. cathaige tar cend na criche, O'Curry 1988 (< H 4.22, p. 24 ).

¤chéile marriageable: iar mbeith inchéile agus ionchuinge dhó, ITS x 78.3 . ¤chennaig worthy to be bought ? : do ghrádh d'fithcheallaibh ní ḟuil | far b'inchendaigh clár cumdoigh, IGT Decl. ex. 524. ¤chinaid capable of (committing) an offence ? responsible ? : ar na bi nach soer fri tairmt[h]egd in domnaig ... di neuch bes incinaid, Anecd. iii 25.20 . ¤choganta (g. of congnad late form of congnam) able to help: an chuid eile d'á cloind do bí inchúganta, AU iii 546.4 . ¤cho[i]mge, ¤cho[i]mde worthy of protection: do chlú is ionchomhdha do Bhrian ... `it is B.'s duty to maintain thy fame,' Aithd. D. 19 § 13. ionchoimhdhe ar ndáinne mar as creidthe a gcanfaimne `my poem is to be heeded,' § 12 . ¤choisc able to restrain or resist ? : cosmail ra Ailill n-ucud ... n-inchoisc `zurückzuhaltenden (?)', TBC-LL¹ 5436. ¤choise capable of being traversed on foot: ag leanbh 'na áth ionchoise `a ford that even a child could cross,' Aithd. D. 60 § 30. ¤chomartha worthy of note: atáid trí neithe ionchomhartha do leith an bháis chorpardha, TSh. 8561. See also inchomartha subst. infra. ¤chomlainn able to fight, a match (for) : cach aen ara mbiadh sciath ar a scath, do neoch bus incomlaind, Laws i 158.4 . dáig ní hinchomlaind ┐ ní hinchomraic aithle chomraic Ḟir diad, TBC-LL¹ 5717. secht fichit laech ┐ secht fichit fer incomlaind (read n-in- ...) `seven score ordinary fighting men,' IT ii2 196.3 . ni rabi ... fer bad incomlaind do, Cog. 174.17 . ní hincomhluind tú fein rium-sa, ZCP vi 36.11 . dá dtig an t-aithrigheach do bheith láidir ionchomhlainn ris na holcaibh, TSh. 8944. ¤chommoídme worthy of being boasted of: cindedh comloinn ... rob incommaidmhe ... ar a ceile, MR 268.19 . ¤chommórtais comparable: re rígh Bréifne ní hionchomortais gl. re rígh B. ní measdae, Hard. ii 300.2 . ní raibh Leath Modha ionchommórtuis rinne, PCT 510. i ngeár-eolas na gCumas Neimhionchomórtas `the Incomparable Powers,' ITS x 78.1 . ¤chomparáite comparable: nach fuil cuingill inmesta [ná in-compráiti] itir an dorcadus ┐ an solus, De Contemptu 1276.

¤chomraic

(a) capable of giving combat, a match (for) : ní hinchomlaind ┐ ní hinchomraic aithle chomraic Ḟir diad, TBC-LL¹ 5717. ní hincomraic leanamh tri mbliadan déc, CF 404. ni hincomrac (read ¤raic) sluaigh na sochraiti ris re mét a nirt, ZCP vi 294.5 . nach incomruicc aenduine da nertmairecht risna righnuibh sin, Stair Erc. 1121. re tréithibh an té se ní hionchomhruic | céimionnas aonduine is fios domhsa `worthy to be pitted against,' Ó Bruad. ii 200.5 .

(b) fit to mate with, marriageable: co llín n-ingen n-aurlam n-inchomraic, LU 8714.

¤chomtha fit to be together with: Muirn Mheic Liag ... | níorbh ionchomtha í as m'anáir `is not fit to set beside,' TD 14 § 29. ¤Chon-Chulainn comparable with Cc.: adv. cuairt oirir co h-ion-Con-cculaind , ZCP ii 341.18 . Aodh go hionChon na hEamhna '[defending the province] as well as the Hound of Eamhain' DDána 320 § 30 , Ériu xx 85 . ¤chongbála proper to be kept, to be held : an duine nach tabhair an raed is intabhartha agus chonnmhas in raed is inchonnmhala, duine sanntach sin, ITS xxix 147.34 . d'eisiomlaruigh Criosd fein in tslighi so do bheith in-chonnmhala o bhreithir agus o ghniomh, 213.6 . ¤chosnaim able to defend: ro gabhsat na Goill ... acc denamh daingean-mhúr criadh ... co mbatar ionchosnaimh fri biodhbadhaibh `in a state to hold out against enemies,' AFM vi 2192.8 . ¤chotrebe to be dwelt (in) : adeir Galenus ... nach incaitreaba a comarsanacht na ndaine a n-a mbiad na galra gabaltacha, RC xlix 54.5 . ¤chreca capable of being sold, liable to be sold ? : ma ruca in flaith gubreth forin ceile is increca a riar de his tribute is liable to be sold as a result of it?, O'D. 519 (< H 3.17, col. 421 ). ¤chuinge fit for the yoke, marriageable: iar mbeith inchéile agus ionchuinge dhó, ITS x 78.3 . ¤chuir, ¤chora to be put, proper to be put, comparable: do cuiredh úair nárbh inchuir | cuiredh úaib ar Érendchaib, IGT Decl. ex. 711. geall cháigh 'na ucht dob ionchuir, TD 10 § 3. m'each iomchuir ... | do b'ionchuir srian dá seoladh, Studies 1933, 406 § 1 . úir budh ionchuir 'na haghaidh comparable with her, DDána 100 § 7. rob ionchuir é, ceann a cceann, | is inghean airdrīgh Éireand, KMMisc. 356 § 6. measaidh an Tighearna gurab ionchuir idir lucht an tsaidhbhris diommolta é =inter divites reprobos eum reputet Dominus, TSh. 9993. measaim ... gurab ionchuir ó theist é `I consider he should be rejected as a witness,' Keat. i 34.53 . aoibhneas ris nach ionchora, DDána 37 § 27. do chlann ní hionchora ón eire, 26 § 17. ¤Chuirc fit to be compared with Corc: ionChuirc do chuairt go Caiseal, 74 § 10. ¤chummannta fit to join a company (of warriors), able to fight: ni roibhi ... Eirristinech incumannta nach roibhi aran aensluagh-sin, ZCP vi 61.5 . ¤dála proper, peculiar (cf. is dáil do na mnáibh éadáil do dhéanamh da gach ionnmhus, Keat. ii 5323 ) : dob indala da gruaidh ghil | buaidh na hiomana an uairsin, ZCP ii 343.z . ¤dána `giftworthy' : an t-óglách óg iondána, TD 20 § 22. ¤degduine courteous, gallant: ri rob feli ┐ rob i.¤ tanicc d'feraib Erenn riam, Ann. Conn. 1230 § 9. na hairbheda órarmacha ... uasalbeoda indeghdáine (description of troops), Caithr. Thoirdh. 41.11 . ¤dénma, ¤dénaim capable of being made, (proper) to be made, capable of performing: mac bundsaidi ... mac da n-indenma no da n-indiubraic[th]i bundsach e a child by whom a rod can be made or hurled, O'Curry 559 (< H 3.18, p. 277 ). beag nach táinig mo théarma | a oirchill dob indéanmha preparation should have been made for it, Dán Dé v 1. ó tá ar n-agra indéinimh `for my suit is a fitting one,' Content. xxix 1. rún ní hindéanaimh orra it is not fitting to be secretive about them, DDána 55 § 2. flaith indéanaimh fhearachta an Iollánaigh, 83 § 19. ? To this : faghail ar ó bhfind Áonghasa | tre fholaidh nírb inndénmhasa, IGT Decl. ex. 858. ¤dermait to be forgotten, forgettable: goin th'ochta ní hindearmaid, DDána 52 § 36. mar dobínn 'ga gruaidh gelbuilc | docím úaim nach indermaid, Prolegomena 45 § 24. ¤Díarmata: fear é as inDiarmada Mhóir, DDána 299 § 29 . ¤dilg resembling a pin ? : indilg .i. cosmail fri delg ar amansi, O'Curry 811 (< H 3.18, p. 375a ). ¤dochonáig unlucky, unfortunate: is indoconáigh do rala dh' Ua Edhra sin, síth do dhénamh iarna arguin `this thing was unfortunate for O'H. ...,' ALC i 278.8 = Ann. Conn. 1225 § 12. ¤dola, ¤dula (proper) to be gone, able to go, traversable: ni hinndula daibhsi annsud, IT ii2 126.122 . ní hiondula uathadh sluaigh a ccath, CRR² § 23. asbertadar nár bó inndola isin tech, SG 319.16 . rolai Cir foirenn dia muntir dia ḟis nar indula doib in sruth, BB 7a23 . a fhearg ní háth iondula, DDána 100 § 30. an mhéid atá iondula amach do dhénamh cogaidh, Numbers i 3. ¤échta fit to perform feats, fit for military service: ro marbad cech óen ba inechta dia muntir, IT iii 516.745 . do mhnaibh ┐ do dhaoinibh nar bho hinechta itir, AFM iii 466.19 . ni therno duine inéchta dona v cathaib .xx. it, D IV 2, 77vb3 . ¤echthres suitable for horse-contests ? : ineachthreas .i. áonach, O'Cl. ¤ecna capable of wisdom: do cuiredh dá oileamhuin é gan beth ineagna dhó, RC xxxviii 134.4 . ¤éicin necessary: is inéigin sgéla d'fhiarfaighidh don othur opus etiam aegrotum ... inquiri, O'Gr. Cat. 282.3. ¤engnama capable of valiant deeds: ailebthair lim-sa go rop inengnama (of a whelp), TBC-LL¹ 1049. nir inengnuma e ro hocci it was not fit for action on account of (its) youth, Cog. 186.23 . ¤érce liable to be paid (as éric) : fuil setaibh acrai inerce `a wound [inflicted] in the course of levying a payment due,' BCrólige § 63 , glossed : indat ineirce seoit o acarar `for which chattels are payable when it is levied.' ¤ethaim suitable for tillage: cidh fearann ineathaim, cidh fearann aneathaim, O'D. 2318 (< Rawl. B 506, fo. 32d ). dá fis in etem no na inethem, O'D. 1656 (< H 5.15, p. 22b ). icá séna no icá imdénam fo aicned ethaim no inethaim, ib. ¤etig to be refused: an lucht eirgeas a heaslainte ┐ iarras biadh ... nach ineitigh iad, 23 P 10³, 27b27 . ¤ḟedma fit for military service, capable of efficient action: ger b'óg e dob ionfedhma, ZCP ii 343.35 . bui do ḟot a foistine ... isin Róimh ... conár bó [infe]adhma fri frestal cocaidh `fit to act in the service of warfare,' CCath. 332. gach uile arm infheadhma, O'Gr. Cat. 510.36. o ro batar gan tighearna infedhma aca deis Gofradha, AFM iii 364.18 . fear mo mheallta | mé 'na aighidh ní hinfheadhma, Dán Dé xvi 13. ... chuireas iad ó bheith infheadhma ré foghnamh do dhéanamh ré Dia, TSh. 7243. caiptín infheadhma `an efficient captain,' Keat. i 66.20 . As subst. `service due to a chief' : do thabairt infheadma catha leat, CF 541. ¤ḟéineda fit to be a warrior: no ingabdaís in mac comad infeíneda é, RC v 199.8 . ¤ḟeithme capable of watching over: lucht infheithmhe m'eoil `guides for my path,' Aithd. D. 52 § 18. ¤ḟíadnaise ` capable of giving valid evidence' : ní hinḟíadnaisi acht fri cach súaill re secht mblíadna[ib] .x., Críth G. 35. secht mbliadna .x. ais intan is infiadnaise im chur ┐ im cunnrad, ┐ a oct fichit a ais intan is infiadnaise im ruthrad ┐ im ferann, O'Curry 646 (< H 3.18, p. 311 ). fer bus infiadnaise, Laws iv 10.26 Comm. ¤ḟiled (?) fit for a poet: dúa infiliu, Ériu lix 126 § 8 . ¤ḟir marriageable: inghean Éadaoine ... ón uair rob' infhir, Aithd. D. 11 § 2. bean inḟir ... ┐ na mná inḟir, IGT Decl. § 135. infhir, IGT Introd. 33.4 . infhear, 5 . See also inir. ¤ḟlatha fit for a prince: secht nairm nilatha nō ninflatha, TBC-I¹ 2551. .uiii. n-airm n-indflatha, LU 6485. fuidell innḟlatha di cid dam co ti[n]ni, RC xxii 394.2 . go ngnuis aghaidh chaoín ionfhlatha ` chief-becoming ,' AFM vi 2236.4 . ¤ḟoglada fit for an outlaw: `is inḟoglaga in chuid sin' ar Fergus `Is fīr ōn, is cuid foglada acumsa' for C., TBC-I¹ 2353. ¤ḟolaig : ní budh ionḟolaigh air féin `anything which would be fitting to hide from him,' TD 17 § 62. ¤ḟorais fit to be a cattle-pound : o croaib inforais .i. o liasaib laegh; cidh ani inforais? .i. airm in hagedar nech in [leg. ni?] oga athgabail, CIH iii 887.20 ; see inḟorais. ¤ḟorba capable of inheriting family land: athair inorba, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 150 (transltd. `father who is capable of inheriting (family land),' ZCP xxi 320.20 . is riom ro herbad a choimét comad infhorba, SG 254.2 . ní roibhi cland L. inḟorba in tan sin, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 24.y . ¤ḟuirig to be waited for, worthy to be waited for: dearbthar ... nach infuiridh reisin tart `that we should not wait for thirst,' 23 P 10³, 42b1 . fríoth fear d'óigh rer ionfhuirigh `a virgin had won a spouse worth waiting for,' Aithd. D. 60 § 44. ¤ḟulaing endurable, permissable: is infulaig iar nomaid inhuitir ` to be maintained ,' BCrólige § 58. cis n-incis o anfine, ocus cis n-infuilaing o fine `a fair rent' (? quit-rent), Laws i 158.8 Comm. an ga bulga ag Coin Chuluinn | iomarcaidh narbh ionfhuluing an insupportable advantage ?, DDána 104 § 26. l eighes d'áilliugud na mban ocus más ar son a fer fen dogentar as infulaing, O'Gr. Cat. 210.19.

¤gabála

(a) fit to be taken, (liable) to be taken: ma ruca in flaith gubreth ... is ingabala a biadh ┐ a comaitecht dhe, O'D. 519 (< H 3.17, col. 421 ). ni ingill, ni ingabāla acht gell n-ōir no airgait no umai `anzunehmen ist nur ein Unterpfand von Gold oder Silber,' ZCP xv 314 § 8. secht tigi ingabala `seven habitable houses,' Laws i 104.31 Comm. muna ana, bid innascda ingabala to be captured , MR 144.8 . [as] rádh fírinneach so, agus atá sé ionghabhála ris worthy of acceptance , 1 Timothy iv 9.

(b) Of a prayer, to be recited: mád ingabala a ecnairc etir, RC xv 487 § 4.

¤galair sick, diseased: nocho ndenunn seig teg n-oidedh do bochtaib, no comuirge do lucht ingalar isin eclais, Laws v 122 n. 3 . co n-accai in fer n-ingalair dia dochum ... ocus se scithech mertnech, IT i 126.8 (TE) araile fer ingalar ` quidam lang[u]ens ,' PH 4435. As subst. : liaig fri hingallru `a physician for the sick,' Ériu ii 210.4 . ¤garma fit to be named: gion go ngoirthí ... | roileag Éireann d'iath Ghailian | ... is iongharma, DDána 100 § 31. ¤gerta fit for manure: ic fochartad in ottraig ingerta (` tallowy ,' but Thurn., ZCP xvi 211.27 , translates `des Dünger-Mists'), MacCongl. 91.10 . ¤gill fit to be accepted as a pledge ; later worthy, excellent: ní hingill ní hingabhala acht gell oir no airgit, ... ar ní hingill ní cheana for nothing else is acceptable, O'D. 711 (< H 3.17, col. 519 ). inghill d'ḟuil Ḟeidhlim `the pledgeworthy of Féilim's blood,' TD 10 § 4. dlighe ... báidh ret ealathain inghill worthy of thy skill, DDána 90 § 15. ní hinghill ... leat meise ar mhaille gcéimeann, Aithd. D. 41 § 13. ¤gníma capable of (warlike) action: for maccu encu co mbat ingnīma fri guin duine `until they are capable of slaying a man,' Cáin Ad. § 34. fiallaigh ingnima `of a party fit for action,' Laws iii 60.6 Comm. bad romoch lind ra gabais armu daig ar bith nít ingnima-su beus, TBC-LL¹ 1164. cor ása in cú hisin ┐ corop ingníma, LU 5028. ionnas nách raibhe naonmhar inghníomha no inshiúbhail aca, ML 142.23 . ¤gnímraid capable of work: in tan ... nach ingnimruigh iat, Laws ii 46.9 Comm. ¤gotha worthy of censure, blameworthy: ní budh ionghotha d'ḟior `anything that would earn reproach for a man,' TD 22a § 57 . ní faícim gurub ingotha tú, RC xix 32.12 (Fier.). ¤íarrata `to be sought for' : gurab í urnaighthe bhíos tarbhach an urnaighthe do-ní an fíréan ar ní iniarrata, TSh. 4538. ni ḟuil ainm áoin-easlaint iniarrata `desiderandum ,' 23 K 42, 262.10 . ¤ibhe fit to drink: fuair sibh an slógh | ar dhigh d'ól nochar bh'in-ibhe `by the undrinkable draught ...,' Dán Dé xvi 25. fíon dob olc inibhe, Aithd. D. 78 § 17.

¤ícca

(a) able to pay: mac i n-ais ica aithgena ... mac inaesa insen e ┐ ní mac inica, O'Curry 557 (< H 3.18, p. 274 ).

(b) curable: mad inice .i. má innleighis é, O'D. 870 (< H 3.17, col. 623 ).

¤imbertha proper to be inflicted: robadh in-imbertha dhuit bás ar in mnaoi `it would be fitting for you to inflict death on ...,' ITS v 76.9 . ¤immarbága fit to contend with: aen ragha urrigh na hErenn ... ar agh ┐ ar fhíruaisli co narb inimarbágha nech ris, AU ii 476.25 . ¤imrama fit to row upon: túarcabsat anbtine fríu co nár bó inimrama dóib in muir, TTr.² 1940. ¤imtechta fit to set out, ready to set out ; capable of being traversed: co nábo inimthechta in magh ... la himbed na coland, 1044 . a n-arthraigibh agas a longa inimtheachta, ML 44.22 = a n-ethair urlama, ML² 648. imirce na haithrighe do bheith urlamh inimtheachta aca, TSh. 4104. ¤indraig (a wound) requiring a tent ; by transference, the person on whom such a wound has been inflicted: secht seūit cacha inindrigh, Cáin Ad. § 44. isi in deithbhir [etir] na dá ininnraidh : eirgidh ina haonar amuich ┐ amach ┐ bidh ina suide gin duine ris an ininnraidh sé sét. In ininnraidh secht sét ní bidh gin guala fri hadhart no gin duine faoí, O'D. 834 (< H 3.17, col. 595 ). telgudh fola do. Ma ri talmain na fola inindrigh crochadh in bidbadh ind, O'Curry 46 (< H 3.18, p. 17a ). in ime frisin n-inindraig `the fence [prop ?] against the bandage wound,' Ériu xii 132.25 . ¤lachta : bó i.¤ a milch-cow, a cow in milk ? : tabuir na ceithri ba so fris na sé bu déc inlachta, O'D. 246 (< H 3.17, col. 197 ). ¤láich fit for a hero, heroic: do sil Lugdach Laga inlaich, BB 232b30 . ¤láig capable of bearing a calf ? : bó innláoigh ... na ba indláoigh, IGT Decl. § 135. ¤lego curable, able to profit by the treatment of a leech: ised adbered cach liaig dīb ... nā bad beō ┐ nā bad indlego (inleghis, v.l.) itir, TBC-I¹ 2781. cach fer atdered ... ní ba hindlega, TBC-LL¹ 4280. ¤leigis curable: foclaidh liath (leg. liaig) coitchend gunat inleighis 'an impartial physician declares that he is curable', Mar. Dis. 30 § 8 . do breith gach ain budh inleighis dibh co hait a leighis, CF 974. atrubratar ... a lega friss nar indlegis itir he, LB 143a23 . is inothrais ┐ is inleigis iat, Acall. 5258. adubhradar ... nar bhó galar inleighis bai fair, O'Don. Gram. p. 274.28 (<BFerm.). ar n-othar nach indleighis, IGT Decl. ex. 1372. ¤leithscéil excusable: is ro annadh (= annamh) is inleithsgéil ainbhfhios don tsamhuil-si, Donlevy 146.9 . ¤leógain lion-like: Búrcaigh na mbeart n-inleóghain, TD 17 § 17. a dhreach inleoghain, Aithd. D. 46 § 1. ¤lesa profitable ? : nach inlesa .i. doroine a lles fadesin, O'Curry 875 (< H 3.18, p. 392b ). ? ¤lesuigthe capable of maintaining: ata soithceach inlesuighe acud (leg. acu) ┐ ni denuit in gaire `they have sufficient wealth but they do. not perform the maintenance,' Laws iii 54.23 Comm. ¤locha fit to float on a lake: gan bhád ionlocha, DDána 120 § 12. ¤lochta blame-worthy ? : inlochta fraic folach, O'Dav. 995. inlochta .i. ro airlithar foladh mna, O'Curry 464 (< H 3.18, p. 245 ). ¤lóga, ¤lúaig worthy to receive a reward: ? is lúthamail nó is ionlogha tainic an ghein ... gormrosccach ó gnlan-baistedh, Misc. Hag. Hib. 111 § 35. degh-oibre ionluaigh a bhfiadhnuisi De, Parrth. Anma 114.15 . subháilcheach ┐ dubháilcheach, ionluaigh ┐ neimhionluaigh, Desiderius 15.y. ¤maídim worthy to be boasted of (see moídem) : ní hionmhaoidhimh dhí a ndéineann, TD 26 § 51. ní barr budh ionmhaoidhimh air `it is not a superfluity which should be grudged to him,' 28 § 38. dul i n-uaigh ní hionmhaoidhimh `His burial is nothing for us to congratulate ourselves on,' Aithd. D. 59 § 11. gan aéin ceim badh ionmaoidhim re a fhaghbail, AFM vi 2120.1 . ¤mara sea-worthy, fit to go to sea: ar na fagbaitis Ecceptacda trealma ionmara ... dia ttarróchtain, Leb. Gab.(i) 198.19 . urmhor fer nErend do neoch roptar ionmara díobh `such of them as were fit to go to sea,' Cog. 136.14 . na huile longa ... co mbetis ellma [inmara], CCath. 3269. ¤mesca (capable of) intoxicating: co lennaib inmescaib, LU 9048. lestra mára co ndeglind i.¤ , RC ix 478.3 . ¤molaid worthy of praise: gan rígh 'na chomhraghain sin d'airrdhibh ionmholaidh `without peer among kings for splendid traits,' Aithd. D. 76 § 6. ¤múinte teachable (?): níor bh’ionmhuinte bior dhíbh sin, Duan. F. i 29.35 . ¤núachair marriageable: do bhí ar an ordughudh sin go mbeith io[n]nuachair di, IT ii2 111.28 . go bhfaghbha th'fhear ionnuachair, DDána 97 § 6. ar mbeith ionnuachair dhi do pósadh ré hAonghus í, Keat. ii 4909. ¤óclaig (see óclach) worthy of a warrior (of a woman, marriageable, attractive (?): of a man, manly): mása inógláigh an ben pósta curab so-grádach ó cach hí `of marriageable age,' De Contemptu 672. chonnairc hi go hog aluinn ionoghlaidh, Béaloideas xiv 223.28 . In the same text, of a man: is urusa duit fear og ionoglaidh dfaghail fit to be a warrior ?, ib. 31 . Cf. is blaith inócclach iad da méte fein ` warrior-like ' (of pygmies), Maund. § 186 ; and declined: daine maithi inóglacha, § 262. ¤óenaig fit for an assembly, festive (of attire): cloidhemh ordhuirn inaonaigh ina láimh, Anecd. i 76.11 . sreath ... | d'am[h]ruibh ionáonaigh, Ériu ix 163 § 5. ar aibídibh áilne ionaonaigh an ionnracais, TSh. 6964. go dtéid drong go teach na bainse ar a rabhadar earraidh ion-aonaigh vestis nuptialis, Eochairsg. 128.6 . ¤óla drinkable, ready to be drunk: i ngaineam thirímm cen usce ind itir bud inóla, Alex. 643 = indola, BB 494a23 . fledh aige ar na hullmugadh | ... do bi an taim-sin ionola, ZCP ii 344.2 . ¤othrais curable, able to benefit from medical treatment: dech let in ba hinothrais iat nó in ba hinleighis, Acall. 5256. is inothrais ┐ is inleigis iat mád maith mo luag leighis-sea, 5258 . ¤pháirte capable of making an alliance: ceadh 'ma badh ionpháirte inn | is fear mh' iomcháinte ar th' uillinn, DDána 101 § 20. ¤phósta capable of marrying: ní fuilim inposta aniugh, uair atá aingcis tromgalair ar mbualadh orum, ZCP vi 63.1 . ¤radairc visible: don ḟirmamhaint do-ní neimh | nach inradhairc í d'ḟáidhibh, IGT Decl. ex. 657. ¤ráid, ¤ráda fit to be mentioned, proper to be said, noteworthy: cearc Bhoirche ... | gér chúis iomráidh a hainm sin | ní gairm ionráidh mar aisgidh, Studies 1921, 257 § 3 . an té [as] ainm nach ionráidh (of Satan), A. Ó Dálaigh xlviii 4. is ria as ionrádha airdrí, DDána 55 § 9. an focal budh fhearr ionrádha, PBocht 6 § 34. ní lóir-ghníomh is ionráidh ris, acht lórfhulang, TSh. 4912. urnaighthe as ionráidh le togbhail an chuirp naomhtha, Parrth. Anma 328.3 . ¤ráith ` capable of undertaking suretyship': húare ... nád n-inráith friu ... ar lagait a ḟolaid, Críth G. 130. ni hinaitire ┐ ni hinraith, O'Curry 509 (< H 3.18, p. 258 ). sai inraith etym. gl. on sruith, O'D. 1552 (< H 5.15, p. 1a ). ¤retha fit to run: go dtig ... nach bí inreatha i rian na haithrighe, TSh. 10442. ¤ríg kingly, fit for a king: gémad innrígh a oinech, Acall. 222. ni hinríogh an té thoghas `not kingly is he who resolves thus,' TD 20 § 3. As adv.: is inrigh doronadh in fobairt sin, CCath. 3514. ¤ríge fit for kingship, eligible for kingship: ní táinic Tórna ... co Temraig ... corbo inríge in mac, SG 327.12 . nirb' inrighae Nuadoo iar mbeim a laime de, RC xii 60 § 14. ¤ríme worthy to be calculated: corradh mór ar thrí mhíle | ríomhthar tria réim inrímhe `are counted in the worthy records,' Content. xv 70. ¤ronna fit to be divided: eighriocht í nach ionronna `an inheritance unfit for division,' TD 24 § 38. ¤rúin fit to be trusted: ionrúin mé, ní misde dhuid `I am worthy of trust, thou art in no danger,' 40 § 8 . duine éadmhar ní hionrúin, Dánta Gr. 39.4 . ¤scene like a knife ?: insgeine, insgean, IGT Introd. p. 33 , 25 - 26 . ¤scuir fit for separating, to be separated: faithe inscuir a plain fit for unyoking horses ?, Laws ii 116.14 Comm. faithcle insguir inuithir `a green of separation for the sick,' 12.19 . daoibh ót uabhar dob' ionsguir you must part with your pride, DDána 56 § 13. ¤sgagaid fit to be strained ?: do thionnsgnaduir cradh dá chionn | sul rabh lionn insgaguidh ann, IGT Decl. ex. 1279. ¤shelga capable of hunting: ro forbair in mac ... cur ba hinselga e, RC v 199.9 . ¤shíl suitable for seed ?, favourable to growth ?: drúcht inshíl an fhóid iodhain, Aithd. D. 7 § 39. ¤shítha worthy of peace, able to be reconciled: o nach insitha m'oti-si ┐ Ruaidri reroili, Ann. Conn. 1315 § 8. dá [n-infhíocha] Dia gach duine | cia as inshíotha acht Muire amháin `who merits peace ... ?,' Dán Dé x 31. ¤shiubail able to walk: eirigh-si ... co Ráith Deiscirt ... oir ní inṡiubhail mhisi, Imr. Brain 66.26 . anaitt athaidh and sin ag Conall nō gurbhó hinsiubal é (C. had been wounded), ZCP xiv 252.16 . da bris craidhi na heigsi ... co nach insibail `cannot progress,' AU ii 488.11 . ro bai manach dibh ┐ galar cos fair ┐ docuaidh i ccosaibh in righ, ┐ ba hinsiubail siumh fein, BNnÉ 298 § 38. ¤shlúagaid able to fight, fit for military service: gach nech dob innsluagad (leg. -aid ?) dá raibh isin tír, ALC ii 244.2 . do rala teidhm tinneasa ┐ gabhadh ger eassláinte dó ... co nár bo hiontsluaighidh an tan sin hé, AFM vi 2234.9 . ní hionshluaghaidh séad mar sain `not to be carried on hosting' (of a drinking cup), Aithd. D. 9 § 16. ¤shluind significant, worth mentioning: insluind cach ran `mentionable is every splendid one,' O'Dav. 1350. ¤shnadma fit to be bound: síoth gémadh ionṡnadhma ann `even though it be possible to make peace about it,' TD 23 § 1. ¤shnáma fit for swimming in: ní dligther snámh do mhúnadh dhóibh muna raibhe uisce inshnamhadh a comhfochruibe dia n-aitibh, Laws ii 156.10 Comm. uisci inshnámha ..., 158.4 Comm. ¤shóid able to bring happiness or good fortune: terc nach inshóidh do'n fhedhain `a scant one of the force but is adapted to secure a good event,' O'Gr. Cat. 502.19. ¤shómpla fit to be an example: an úaimh re mbí ad bharánta | sí ar n-úair as ionshómpla, IGT Decl. ex. 124. ¤tachair capable of engaging in combat with: terc aonfer a intachair, Caithr. Thoirdh. 131.24 . ¤tadaill able to come: ní deoraidh mise i Manainn | mé eiste ní hiontadhaill, Aithd. D. 23 § 1. ¤táeba, ¤táebaid, ¤táib worthy of trust: ní hintaebha na daine coimhigche, ZCP vi 289.z . tiocfaid na síona saobha | nach budh haimsear iontaobha, PBocht 25 § 7. ní hiontaobhaidh glóir Gaoidheal (: mbliochtchraobhaigh), DDána 118 § 26. an dream do-bheir faill 'na gcáirdibh ... nach iontaobha iad, TSh. 4624. rún truagh ó nar bh'iontaoibh iad `dread was their purpose, making them dangerous,' Aithd. D. 97 § 24. ¤taisfenta worthy to be expounded: in neoch ba hintaisfenta leis (of knowledge), O'Curry 896 (< H 3.18, p. 399 ). ¤techta, ¤tochta capable of going, to be gone, (fit) to be traversed: bid indtechta tria críathar n-átha bar mbrúar, BDD² 1294. bá intechta a himmelchrícaib in domain dia taidbriud, LL 234b13 . masadt idan-su ... is amlaid is intochta daid isin log, BB 496b32 . is relta inchoisc eolais moir ... Is intochta le we must go with it, Aen. 605. ní ba hintechta ... ar terci usci, BB 496b9 . ¤tinn capable of severity ?, capable of giving battle ? (see 2 tend): nochan in-tinn mé rem mian | dom inntinn is sé do sdiúr `I am not vigorous,' Dán Dé xxiii 31. ¤tnúith able to emulate, to be desired, worthy to be loved: ní bhíodh ag sgaoileadh an sgrioptúir | aoinfhear dhíobh rer bh'ionntnúidh é `aonduine do féadfaí do chur i gcomparáid leis,' DDána 59 § 21. móid re t'oireacht ní hiontnúith `nobody desires to conspire against your people,' RC xlix 173 § 29. [dál] an scrioptúir ó Dhia dhún | cia nach iontnúidh res an eol who does not desire knowledge ?, DDána 3 § 2. do ghlór an sgrioptúir an sgéal | mór as iontnúidh a n-aibéar `pleasant is the tale,' Dán Dé v 22. Moire as iontnúidh d'fhior `Mary who deserves man's love,' A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 3. ¤toga acceptable: duan molta intoga ic Dia, Lib. Hymn. i 193.6 . permissable ?: do b'iontogha olc na bhfear | um ghort lionntana Laighean `do b'fhiu an tír sin gach rud dar fhuilngeadar ar a son,' DDána 117 § 5. ¤toidechta, ¤taidechta worth coming: gurb intoidechta d'ḟeraib Erenn ... fo dhaighin ... fogluma it was worth their coming to learn, MR 266.z . rop intaidhechta ... do shluagh Fodhla, 312.13 . ¤toile desirable: na nógánachaibh iontoile, Ezekiel xxiii 12. ¤tomais able to weigh: ní h-in-tómais an mead `the scales is not fit for measuring,' De Contemptu 1267. ¤troda fit to contend: iar na tuiccsin dó na baoí introda frisan ngasraidh ..., AFM vi 2078.20 . ¤túir worthy to be sought after: sgéal é ónab iontúir neamh a tale which shows heaven to be worth seeking after, DDána 37 § 5. ¤turuis fit for a journey: ní bhíd ionturuis ré triall i raon na haithrighe go neamh, TSh. 9385.

(b): ¤accartha to be sued for: cella oc na hinagurta d'oirchinnechaib eneclunn ┐ ce agruit, nocho dir, Laws v 128 n. 1 . ¤áigthe to be feared: in cath cruadh inaigte, CCath. 3623. ¤áirimthe fit to be reckoned, considerable: anté ... léiges de aithfrend nó cuid bhús ionáirimthe d'aithfreann déisdeacht lá saoire ..., Ó Héodhusa 162.3. ¤anta to be waited: gearr dá éis budh ionanta `not long may I abide after him,' Studies 1924, 87 § 14 . ¤attrebtha later ¤áittreibthe habitable: mád ind Assia bec nirbó inatrebtha ule ... la drochthuth na fola, TTr.² 1047. annsa chuid ionáitreibhthe da thalamh, Proverbs viii 31. ¤beite proper to be: ní hinbheithte dá ghruaidh ghloin | 'na aon i n-aghaidh phobuil, DDána 75 § 16. ¤benta (di) to be taken: inbheanta dhíom a ndlighthior `I must make those amends,' Aithd. D. 34 § 4. ¤brethnaigthe to be considered: as iad so na halluis as inbreathnuighthe do theacht chum slainte sudores saluberrimi censentur, 23 K 42, 197 .z. atáid neithe examhla inbhreathnuighthe isin bfual, 134.7 . ¤buailte able to fight: dá mbeith féin ionbhuailte ré Bhrian, Keat. iii 3987. ¤cháinte to be disparaged: ní hioncháinte an chrích co huilidhe ar a son, i 58.53 . ¤chairigthe to be censured: fil secht n-innerghe ... incáirighte, Laws iii 64.24 Comm. ¤chathaigthe fit to give battle: ro fhás a mbrigh ... gurbh ionchathaighthe gach aoin fhear, Cog. 216.15 . nocha n-ionchaighthe (leg. ionchathaighthe) sinne ar ndís, thusa ┐ do dhá láimh agad ┐ misi ar lethláimh, Comp. CC 131.26 . ¤chertaigthe to be corrected: cidhbé certaíghes é féin ní fuil sé incertaighthe o neoch eile gl. qui seipsum corrigit non est corrigendus, O'D. 847 (< H 3.17, col. 603 ). ¤chintaigthe blameworthy: as inchiontuighthe an tí do ní iad so dá dheoin féin gan riachtanus ... dá choimhéigniughadh, Desiderius 2606 . ¤choiscthe to be checked: tuig da d[t]isi ... a tosach na haicsisi nach incoisge (leg. incoisgthe ?) hi (of vomiting), 23 P 10³, 14b19 . ¤chomardaigthe equally to be esteemed ?: ar mhírbhuilibh inchomhardhaighthe eile `other worthy miracles,' O'Gr. Cat. 36 § 15. ¤chométa to be observed, to be kept: is iad ... riaghlacha is ionchoiméadta re scríobhadh stáire, Keat. i 56.28 . an ród díreach is ionchoimhéadta ré triall ar neamh, TSh. p. 304. ¤chommesta to be compared: ni hionchoimhmeasta ría íad, Proverbs viii 11. ¤chreite credible, trustworthy: ní hinchreti d'ánradaib sretha siabairthi ... saeb-forcetail na sean-druad, MR 190.2 . ní cosmhail go madh inchreidte ó leabhraibh nó ó eólchaib, ML 28.22 . ma's increitti da gheinemhain as increitti da bas ┐ da eiseirghi, ITS xix 58.21 . ní fhuil ... fiadhnaise inchreidte ar na neithibh seo againn, Keat. i 10.39 . credendum est `is inchreitte,' TSh. 4971. ¤chúartaigthe to be visited: an chathair ionchúartuighthe, Jeremiah vi 6. ¤chuirthe to be put: as ionchuirthe a n-ionguntas it is to be wondered at, BNnÉ 156.10 . ¤chumannta ?: ni roibhi ... Eirristinech incumannta nach roibhi aran aensluagh-sin ` capable of fighting ,' ZCP vi 61.5 . ¤damnaigthe to be condemned: go bhfuil obair na bhfiren iondamnaighte, Luc. Fid. 309.7 . ¤dénta to be done, fit to be done: doberait-sium aithis do Dia oc ainmniugud a ball for leith, mar nach indénta as ought not to be done, PH 7326. don túaruscbail fúarusa ... aran tír so ní hindénta comnaidhi innti `it is not fit to be inhabited,' Maund. 114. ro fiarfaigh ... crét do badh indénta frisan mac, BNnÉ 40.7 . is eadh budh indéanta dona daoinibh, iad féin d'ollmhughadh, TSh. 2651. as iondéunta gan féoil d'ithe na fíon d'ibhe, Romans xiv 21. ¤dergaigthe fit for the spreading of a couch in: ba he dlús a n-iomaircc gomadh indherghoighthe do rígh nó do rioghoin ar lár an atha da n-éis, ZCP x 293.y . imdaid indluigthe indergithi do ríg nó rígain, Manners and Customs iii 450.5 . ¤diommolta to be blamed: an tí chuireas cruinniughadh ... air (viz. on riches) ... atá indiommolta go mór, TSh. 10055. ¤diubraicthe fit to be cast, capable of being cast: cia aes in mac in aired is ainm do ... giall ... mac bundsaidi indside mac da n-inddenma, no da n-indiubraici bundsach e insen, O'Curry 559 (< H 3.18, p. 277 ). an tan batar a n-iodhnadha áigh urlamh indiubraicthe, AFM iv 1214.17 . ¤dlomtha proclaimable : rom dlomsat nīrb indlomhthai 'they gave notice to me, it should not have been done', Ériu lix 126 § 8 ​. ¤dóertha (or perhaps under (a) fit to be enslaved: rodairait cach oen rob indairtha, Cog. 80.4 . ¤dolta to be gone: nīrb iondolta ann (of Hell), ZCP xii 381.26 . nírbh iondolta don ród ríogh `we should not have left the royal road,' Aithd. D. 84 § 30. ¤ecclaigthe to be feared: is ineagluighthe dhuit guais na slighe atá romhat, TSh. 7760. ... is ionghuighthi dona hainglibh ┐ is in-eagluighthi dona tighearnaibh, ITS xxix 177.19 . Compar. ní ... is ineagluighthe ioná an bás, TSh. 1058. ¤ḟaomtha to be consented to: do fhaomh é is nír ionfhaomhtha `he gave his consent—it should never have been given,' Aithd. D. 94 § 5. ¤ḟéchta worthy to be looked at: ní hé gurb infhéachta ar ndreach, Dánta Gr. 16.7 . ¤ḟiafraigthe to be asked: as infhiafraighthi annso cred fár ..., ITS xix 80.13 . ¤gabtha to be accepted, acceptable: ni hingill ni hingabtha acht geall oir no airgid, O'Curry 723 (< H 3.18, p. 347 ). gach ród nach iongabhtha d'fhior to be taken , Dán Dé vi 2. go bhfuil an fhaoisidin ionghabhtha éigeantach, O'Gr. Cat. 39.4. ní hiongabhtha arán na heagna bréige uatha do bhríogh laibhín Lúitéir, TSh. 8980. gach nidh ... do bheith ionghabhtha do láthair Dé acceptable , Eochairsg. 53.23 . níor bh'ionghabhtha a theist ar Éireannchaibh, Keat. i 36.93 . ¤gerrtha: gl. lacerandum, Gild. Lor. n. 17. ¤glactha acceptable: aithnighid puisínigh an fíréin créd is ionghlactha `the lips of the righteous know what is acceptable,' Proverbs x 32. 's go mbiadh mo bhóta inghlactha, Hard. i 28.13 . ionghlachta i láthair Dé, De Imit. 77.6 . an aimsir as ionglactha dochum na faoisidne, Parrth. Anma 339.17 . ? ¤glúaiste requiring to be removed ?: co ras-tisad eicen adbul ingluaisti chuci ` irremovable ,' TTr. 970. ionghluaiste moveable , O'R. ¤goirthe to be called: do ghníomh féin as ionghoirthe dhe it is to be called your own deed, Mac Aingil 302.6 . ¤guidthe to be invoked: atá an Ógh Bheandaighthi so iniarrata roimh gach uile dhuine, agus atá si inghuighthi amhail righain ... flaitheamhnais Dhia, ITS xxix 206.12 . is se in ceand sin is ionghuighthi dona hainglibh, ┐ is ineagluighthi dona tighearnaibh, 177.18 . ¤íarrtha to be sought for: a shamhail sin is iniarrtha ré guidhe talis requirendus est ad orandum, TSh. 4541. ¤imbertha to be inflicted: robadh in-imbertha dhuit bás ar in mnaoi `you would have to put to death the wife ...,' ITS v 76.9 . ¤ite edible: biadh tirm inithte, Eochairsg. 69.5 . cnúas comh-abaidh ... inite `ripe edible nuts' (innte, inithche, v.ll.), BNnÉ 239 § 170. ¤labartha to be spoken: is innlabartha do na leighesaibh, O'Gr. Cat. 175.x . ¤laigthe fit for lying on: cuireatar an abhand as a hait ... cur bo hionadh iondlaicthi (ionluice, v.l.) do rignaibh et do ro-mhnaibh for lár an átha, TBC-LL¹ p. 547 n. 5 (Stowe). ¤légtha legible: gan aoínleabhar dhíobh do bheith inléaghtha do neach, Keat. iii 1694. ¤léicthe to be let, to be loosed: neart Gall ... | ní hinléigthe ar Eoghanchaibh, DDána 74 § 34. ... nach inlicti in cuisle don otar `the patient should not be bled,' Rosa Angl. 30.14 . ¤lenta to be followed, to be pursued: clann Osnaidhe as inlenta O.'s children can be traced, ZCP xiii 18 § 6. ní ní is inleanta a ndubhart what I said ought not to be followed up (in sense of proceeded against, avenged) ii 356.13 . cóir 'na fhuil gérbh inleanta `though He had to avenge His blood,' Aithd. D. 65 § 26. ní hinleanta air `there is no need to continue,' TD 13 § 42. an réim ... is innleanta san aithrighe, Eochairsg. 84.11 . an ród díreach is inleanta ar lorg Críost, TSh. 8049. ¤lúaidte worthy to be mentioned: ni hion-luaidhte deilbh bhan an domhain ag féachain deilbh na hinghine sin, ITS i 64.2 . ¤maínigthe (worthy) to be treasured ?: inmain .i. inmāinight[h]e é, Corm. Y 762. ¤marbtha fit to be killed: gach aon rob ionmharbtha (inéchta, text) ann, Cog. 80 n. 3 . co tuc[sam] fo gin gae ┐ claidim gach aen rob inmarbtha inti, Aen. 13. nír bo hionmarbhtha sidhe idir ge ro baoi tuilleadh ar chéd bliadhain d'aoís `whom it was not becoming to have killed,' AFM v 1734.13 . ¤mescaigthe capable of intoxicating: ba somblas a linn, ba inmescaigthe, Irish Texts i 3 § 8 (MS inmescaiḡ, Bethu Brigte 41 n. 56 ). ¤mesta to be compared, to be thought likely, conceivable: or ba hinmeasta a n-esbada gus in Mairt miscnig ... `not considerable' (capable of being compared ?), MR 110.16 . an tí thréigfeas é féin mar cheannach ar Chríost, nach inmheasta go dtréigfidhear Críost leis ..., TSh. 8007. is inmeasta sin as an sgéal léaghthar, 5205 . ní hinmheasta an tí do bhí isna cumhachtaibh seo do bheith fa chíoscháin ag an rígh Artúr, Keat. i 14.38 . is inmheasda dhúinn go bhfuil Dia fírcheart `we ought to consider,' Donlevy 374.1 . cionnas is inmheasda dhó go mbiaid a shearbhfhóghantuighe díleas dhó `how can he expect ...,' 478.25 . ¤moídte worth boasting of: ó'n Saoirbrethach do Domnall gin gurab inmháiti, O'Gr. Cat. 128.22 (scribal note on Eg. 88). ní hinmhaoidhte i n-Inis Luighdheach | ... caoi do dhéanamh, DDána 110 § 17. ¤molta praiseworthy, commendable, requiring to be praised: atait se coingill chum na fiadhnaise do beth inmolta, O'D. 849 (< H 3.17, col. 603 ). na mol munab inmolta nech, Ériu v 126 § 2 . a naemtecht foirbthe ┐ a mbethaid inmolta, Lism. L. Pref. xxii 23. a thionnlaicthe luatha ... is uaisle as ionmholta dhúin, Aithd. D. 58 § 8. ¤múinte capable of being taught: chomhluath agus bhíd ionmhúinte (of children), Donlevy Pref. xxi 11. ¤nochta to be revealed: ní hionnochta dhúinne dhíobh | rúine ionganta an airdríogh, PBocht 11 § 25. ¤obtha to be refused: lámh as truime tabharta | grádh uirre nírbh' ionobtha, 19 § 2. ¤ráite to be said, capable of being said: ? ní fuil ... aenlaech damad indraithi go toitfedh C.C. leis, ZCP x 303.25 . cá ham is ionráidte Amen, Donlevy 430.23 . ¤reactha ?: a fhearg uadh ní hinreactha `should not be proclaimed too much,' Aithd. D. 65 § 26. ¤ríartha to be subdued or disciplined: gell n-ungi tra do maigin ir-rér fir a diri mad inriart[h]ae imbie (of one who violates the Cáin Domnaig), Anecd. iii 23.11 . ¤ríata capable of being travelled: tromcheó ... connarb inríata dó in chonar, LU 8512. ¤rígtha fit to be made king: cet fer n-armach n-innrightha, TBC-LL¹ p. 197 n. 4 . mac óc nach inrígtha ara óice, SG 50.29 . ¤shechanta ( ¤tsechanta) to be avoided: bud inshechanta dona mnaib nó dona feruib le budh ail a n-óghacht do coimhed, caidriub a céli 'sa saeghal-sa, BCC 106.y . o gehennalis regio fugienda ... ó a fhlaithis intseachanta ifrinn, TSh. 6594. is intseachanta air an drong ... `it should be avoided by those ...,' Rosa Angl. 60.1 . ¤shuite `fit to be dwelt in': ré déanamh áruis na hanma ionshuidhte dhó féin, TSh. 8766. ¤smuaintigthe to be considered: atait tri neithi is insmuaintighthi, Mackinnon Cat. 59.23 . ¤tabartha to be given: nocha n-intaburta som[aine] don o[irchindech], Laws v 128 n 2 . is annsan aicid so doreir Galenus nach intabairt (v.l. intabartha, which read) leiges ..., RC xlix 17.z . ¤tsamluigthe capable of being compared: as na briathraibh se is iontuigthe gurab iontsamhluighthe na peacaidh ┐ na prímh-fhiabhrais re chéile, TSh. 7888. ¤tóebtha (worthy) to be trusted: cia is iontaobhtha d'fearaibh Breagh | díomsa dá ndeachadh Fínghean, Ir. Review 1913, 625 § 19 . an tan do fhásfadh lonn laoich Luighdheach ... nar bh'iontaobhtha do neach é, Keat. ii 4530. ¤trécthe to be avoided: ni hed as inntrecthi in peccad ann (viz. on Sunday), PH 7362. ¤tuctha to be brought, to be given, to be applied or ascribed: atá ní oile san ghníomh so is iontugtha dhúinn dár n-aire, TSh. 2459. an teagasg dob' ionntugtha don oide faoisidine dhó to be given to him by the confessor, Eochairsg. 84.37 . ní hiontugtha anfhlaith air the term tyrant is not to be applied to him, Keat. iii 4149. dobheirid caoga bliadhan do fhlaitheas do Ch. gidheadh ní hiontugtha dhó acht tríocha, i 84.39 . an duine do-bheir an raed is intuctha agus chonnmhas an raed nach indtuctha, is e sin an duine fial, ITS xxix 147.31 - 2 . ¤tuicthe to be understood: as na briathraibh se is iontuigthe gurab iontsamhluighthe na peacaidh ┐ na prímh-fhiabhrais ré chéile, TSh. 7888. is iontuigthe dhuitsi ... nach rabhassa ion-fheadhma ris an aimsir so a bhfuilim ag coimhéad na leapa, Maguires of F. § 56.

ith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ith or dil.ie/29150

 

Forms: ith, t-ith, etho, atho, atha, etha, ith, heatha, ith, n-eath, ioth, ithi, ithlair, ithtige

n u, n. Later m. n s. ith nglass, SG 80.9 . in t-ith , Laws i 140.10 Comm. g s. etho, Sg. 60a4 . Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, 93 § 23 . atho, Thes. ii 235.7 . atha, BDD² 1056. etha, Sg. 46b5 . Laws i 124.16 . d s. ith, Thes. ii 293.4 ( SP i ). n p. na heatha , MR 100.15 . g p. ith, Laws v 450.13 . na n-eath , DDána 61 § 4. ioth, IGT Decl. ex. 1093.

(a) corn, grain: dobhrith .i. dobar-i.¤ indsin .i. usque ┐ arbar .i. cuid aossa aithrige et pendaite, Corm. Y 435 . i.¤ arbur isan gaidhilg, O'Dav. 745. The first ith in: ithi ō īath ┐ ith ō ith nominati sunt , Corm. Y 763. ith in arba gl. fár, Ir. Gl. 1038. ceres bandea hetho, Sg. 60a4 . cenel(a)e n-etha (gl. lens, far, passellus (leg. phaselus, Ed.)), ib. 46b5 , 51b6 , 67b20 . anim netha gl. odor, 17b13 . rop i.¤ ┐ mlicht adcear `may it be corn and milk that I see,' Thes. ii 293.6 (SP i). criathar atho gl. cribrum areale, 235.7 . cāin tonna i tigh ūi Eoguin, | i.¤ i tigh uí C[h]uind, Corm. Y p. 77.9 . tōla n-etho ar gach n-indra, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, p. 93 § 23 . leth n-etha for tíre ... is sunda melair, LU 1760. cia etergén sína ... mathair etha aig, mathair saille snecta, LL 345a9 . is tre ḟír flathemon cach hetha ardhūasail imbeth, ZCP xi 81 § 15. i.¤ ocus blicht ocus meas, Laws v 450.13 . bla etha ithland `the exemption as regards corn in a haggard,' iii 284.1 . isin ré suthain a sreathnaighther in t-i.¤, in t-arbhur, i 140.10 Comm. tessbaidh etha (.i. gorta) di Maig Cuind, | sé bliadna imluim (.i. tercai), ZCP xii 236 § 56 . ili gáith . samh fliuch . i.¤ nglass, SG 80.9 . na heatha ar tí madhma amach, IGT Decl. ex. 1552. ní easgar ioth 'n-a ionam `corn does not ripen in due time' (tr. RIA Dict. fasc. II s.v. escaraid), DDána 73 § 7. do dhearbh an t-ioth is an meas | gur maith fuairsead a bhflaitheas, Content. vi 180.

(b) By extension, seed: am sgath críon aimhrid gan ioth `seedless flower,' Aithd. D. 51 § 11.

Compds. ¤buain `ever rich in corn': fa Bhóinn n-orrdhraic n-iothbhuain n-úir, SGS iv 144 § 25. ¤goirt cornfields: asait ithgoirt, RC xxvi 34 § 155. slatta etha imm ithgurtu, Ériu vii 2.14 . a fineamnaib ┐ a n-ith-gortaib, YBL 215a33 . ¤lár a threshing floor: g s. int (recte ind, Ed.) ithlair gl. areae, Ml. 137a2 . ¤mag a corn-bearing plain: fan iothmhuigh n-Eamhna-sa, DDána 83 § 5. ¤tech a barn, granary: a p. inna ithtige gl. horrea, Ml. 98a5 . Cf. itech.

la

Cite this: eDIL s.v. la or dil.ie/29233
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: le, le, lé, lasin, lasa, laisin, lesin, lasna, laisna, leisna, lemm, lem, leim, limm, lim, lium, liúm, lat, latt, let, letha, leiss, leissem, leissom, less, lessom, lessem, les, lesom, lesem, laiss, laissem, lais, laisem, lais, laisseom, lasim, leis, leiside, lee, l, laee, lǽ, lea, léi-se, lenn, leinn, linn, línn, linni, linnai, liun, liunn, lenne, lib, leu, léu, leo, leö, liom, leam, leat, lat, leis, lais, leis, lé, linn, leinn, leann, libh, leibh, le, liu, lelele, li, lam, lam, láad, lat, lad, lea, lia, l, liar, lasmbi, lastorchair, la, leis

prep. with accus. See GOI § 845 , Fraser, ZCP viii 46 ff . Occasionally with d p. of 1 suide: la suidib, Sg., 4a9 , Wb. 6b17 . 8a12 . 9c2 . 17d11 (but a p. la suidiu, 8a11 . 9b17 ). In IGT listed among the nine unaccented particles which do not cause inflection of masculine nouns ( IGT Introd. § 75 ). See also Magauran 4227 n. For the form in immaille(i) ille(i) see GOI § 44 , § 841 .

FORMS. With follg. noun: le, Cambr. ( Thes. ii 247.22 ). la, O. Ir. glosses and SR pass., also in early Middle Irish MS. texts, and concurrently with le, lé in later ones (le (sic MS.), AU 1085 ). For exx. see citations below. Doubling of follg. m, n, occurs sporadically in the O. Ir. glosses: la mmaccu, Wb. 19c15 . Ml. 49a20 . la mméit, 95d13 . 91c19 . la mmarbu, Wb. 25b22 . la nnech, Ml. 42c13 ; cf. also la gglais, Ardm. 17a ( Thes. ii 238.12 ). In later MSS. h is prefixed to a following stressed vowel. In later lang. also leis before certain proclitics: leis gach fear, TD 9.101 . leis gach neach, DDána 100.1 .

With article: s. lasin, etc. lasin conair, Ml. 45c9 . lasin sruth, Dinds. 52. lasa (n.), LU 10652. laisin, ZCP viii 107.3 . lesin, TBC-LL¹ 2374 , PH 7339. In later lang. leis an ( Dán Dé xviii 10 ). pl. lasna, Sg. 28a18 . Hib. Min. 3.75 . LU 8202. laisna. Ériu iii 140.184 . leisna, BNnÉ 70 § 116 , ZCP v 495.z .

With suff. pron. 1. s. lemm, Wb. 1b10 . 2c27 . 4b17 . 7a3 . lem, 5b31 . 14d16 . leim, Sg. 209b30 . limm, Wb. 19b7 , 23a18 , 23 . 23b34 . 24a27 . Sg. 188a19 . SR 1595. 3353 . lim, Wb. 7d3 . 8a3 , 8c17 . 23a27 . Ml. 55a4 . SR 1201 , 3361 . lium, Wb. 18a1 . Ml. 45c7 . 46c18 . 87b17 . 96a10 . 105b7 . 117d4 . 127c13 . liúm, 106b6 . 2 s. lat pass. in O. Ir. glosses: Wb. 10a10 . 16b11 . 29d18 , etc. Ml. 65a2 . 73a10 , 111a5 , etc. Sg. 215b5 . SR 1757. 2443 . latt, Bvi 74. let, SR 1593. 3 s. m. and n. Archaic (m.) letha, ZCP xx 401.8 ( GOI § 433 ) leiss, Wb. 6b8 , 16 . 14a22 . Sg. 29b12 , 13 , 19 . 61a16 . 93b8 . leissem, Sg. 10a11 . 28a18 . BCr. 32a5 , 32b6 . leissom, Wb. 33a2 . less, Wb. 6b21 , 26a8 . Ml. 35d24 . 71c12 . 129a9 . lessom, Wb. 10a14 , 24a17 . Ml. 47d2 , 131c14 , 132c6 . lessem, Sg. 77b6 . les, Wb. 10a2 , 32c2 . Ml. 18b1 , 34c17 , 55c1 . lesom, Ml. 18c6 , 23b12 , 53a1 , etc. lesem, Ml. 50b10 . laiss, Wb. 24b27 . SR 5791. laissem, Sg. 149b4 . lais, Sg. 153b7 . laisem, 158b6 . lais, SR 639 , 1631 , 2185 , 2591 , 2799 , 4969 . laisseom, LU 1425. lasim, Mon. Tall. 138.15 . leis, Sg. 111a3 , 202a7 . SR 637 , 2791 , 4971 (: geis), 630 . leiside, LU 1418. 3 s. f. lee, Sg. 167a4 . LU 3882. l, Laws ii 372.5 . laee, Wb. 14a37 . lǽ, 24d11 . lea, SR 3016. léi-se (: éise), Dán Dé ii 24 . 1 pl. lenn, Wb. 4a27 . SR 1615. leinn, GOI § 433. linn, Wb. 13b9 , 18a16 , etc. Ml. 30a2 , 5 . Sg. 198a6 , 207b11 . línn, Wb. 25a27 . linni, 4c23 . Ml. 26b6 , 10 . 30c3 . Sg. 149b7 , 160b2 , 207b9 , etc. linnai, Ml. 92c5 , 120b2 . liun, Ml. 89d6 . liunn, 112b13 . lenne, LU 1387. 2 pl. lib, Wb. 5a13 , 5d33 , 7d3 , 26a9 , etc. Ml. 115b10 . 3 pl. leu, Wb. 1d15 , 5d20 , 26d22 , etc. Ml. 3a6 , 14 . 33c13 , 35c23 , 43d1 , 102c8 , 139c3 , etc. léu, Wb. 30c11 . leo, 7d10 . Sg. 148b9 . 147a10 , 203a4 , etc. leö (disyll.), Blathm. 102 § 41. Archaic(?) lethu, Thes. ii 241.4 , Hy. ii 17 (see notes). Otia ii 86.8 ( GOI 52.3 ). For classical verse the forms given in the tracts are: liom leam leat lat leis lais (m.) leis (n.) lé linn leinn leann (lionn `lochdach') libh leibh le, 24 P 8, 194 (see also 190 , 218 ) = Bard. Synt. Tr. 7 ; cf. lionn: cionn, O'R. Poems 308. liu, Luc. Fid. 3212 .

With aile: lelele, Wb. 16c24 . li alaile, GOI § 845.

With possessives. 1 s. lam menmuin, Wb. 3d13 . lam' rig, SR 336. 627 . 2 s. láad muindtir, Mon. Tall. § 6 . lat tarb, LL 7644 . lad gráin, BDD² 1500 . 3 s. and pl. lea, Thurn. Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 37 § 5 . lia muntir (3 s. m.), Thes. ii 249.9 . lía mathair, SR 2828 . lia n-athir, Ml. 127b2 . lea hanāil, LU 10599 . le a, Ériu ix 164 § 17. l, Content. ii 15 . le athair, DDána 65.31 . lá olc, LU 1390 . la náimtiu (3 pl.), LL 260b33 (Lg.). lea fuaire . . . lena thes, Maund. 136 . lena choin, Feis Tighe Chonáin 757. So also TSh. 1 pl. lar tir, Ériu iii 136.44 . liar, GOI § 845.

With rel. In O. Ir. las(a) n-: lassa ndenatar, Ml. 84a11 . lasa ndernad, Thes. ii 289.5 . lasa mbiat, Ml. 75b2 . lasmbi, 24a19 . lastorchair, ZCP viii 302.20 . lasra chētgabtha, 303.1 . Later forms: le ndingnad, PH 7526 . le ffaicfe, BNnÉ 74 § 133 . lea ttuitionn, Párl. na mB. 1207 . le gcurthaoi, Ériu i 101.7 . le a ndamnuighthear, Luc. Fid. 2989 . le ar chuireas, ML 110.4 . lé 'r-buail, PH 7653 . lé n-ar chuiris, Párl. na mB. 907 . Note also: leis a mbí, Bard. Synt. Tr. 4. lé n-a n-oiltior, Párl. na mB. 917 . With copula: O. Ir. la sin(n), Ml. 53c16 , 129b3 , 131d11 . Later: an fear lena holc ┐ lenab olc ┐ len holc . . . an fear le nach olc ┐ leis nach olc, Bard. Synt. Tr. 25 ( leis nach beag, DDána 37.4 ). learbh annsa, Feis Tighe Chonáin 762 . na fir len leis an fearann, Bard. Synt. Tr. 26. (cryptic) loiscia .i. liath (? = lia 'with his' etc.) Goid. § 163 (Dúil Laithne) , ZCP xlix-l 612 . losca (? MS. losco) .i. leo 'with them' Goid. § 181 , ZCP xlix-l 612 .

In a number of idioms used concurrently with FRI, which it to a large extent replaces in the modern language.

MEANINGS.

I Denoting spatial proximity

(a) beside, by, touching : dollécet a láma la tóeb fochetóir, LU 8212 ( FB 16 ). amal roboí . . . laa and la toíb ind locha, LL 14439 ( Ériu v 208 ). snidig banna la taeb na columa medonchi in cech aimser, PH 6356 . trí chéad each le gcurthaoi srian, Ériu i 101.7 ( co n-allaib óir friu, LL 13246 ). a uille do leicen leiss to rest his elbow upon it, Fl. Earls 216.26 . gur léig a leathcheann lé a leathbhrollach, PCT 557 ( Gadelica 127 ). dia mbúi fecht lasan muir amuich go bfacuidh an días Erionnach dia ḟios, Ériu iv 63.26 (here the pseudo-archaic `lasan' may be a scribal affectation). ar bhfaicsin déar le a gruaidh, DDána 69.11 . Cf. beith le remonstrating with: dob é rún Ríogh . . . , beith léise ar lot na habhla, DDána 5.25 . Cf. FRI I (b).

(b) along by (see also I (d) below): flesc for dib ṅgablaib lasin conair immetiagat do erissem dia lethlaim furi a railing along the way they go on which to rest a hand, Ml. 45c9 . a sescunn da cor la descert léni la fur conrici hucht noi nomne `from the Moor of two Hillocks by the south of the meadow, by Fur as far as the Nine-Trees Hill', Thes. ii 238 ( Ardm. 17a ). ótha crích drommo nit cu glais tamlachtae dublocha la gglais cu grenlaich fote `from the border of Druim Nit to the stream of T.D. by the stream to G.F.' ib. le hairer nÉrenn, BDD² 253.

(c) along with, in the same direction as; in motion with: luid leo fades, Thes. ii 240.18 ( Ardm. 18a ). luid espscop fith leo for longis, ib. do thuidecht lat illei, Wb. 30b17 . ar tuidecht leu do brith macc nIsrahel i ndoiri for coming with them to carry the children of Israel into captivity, Ml. 113c8 . in gilla do thecht . . . / le . . . istech talman, SR 3196 . is amlaid tánic A. ┐ a tri meic les, LU 17. do hindled a carput forsna heocha ┐ nusfaīdhe pātric cen duine leo cu feótur ina dísirt la Mochtae, ZCP viii 106.24 . tairsiu féin lat tarb, LL 7646 ( TBC-LL¹ 106 ). ní regat lend they shall not go with us, LU 4632 . ticfaitis fosta fer Fernmaige leiss, TBC-LL¹ 833 . tánic ┐ cóeca ingen lee connici in comdáil, LU 3882 ( SCC 39 ). tanic . . . co n-epscopu ┐ braithri imda lais, PH 1587 ; cf. a taidchrec co sommataid ┐ setaib leu, Ml. 123c10 . do ruacht fer . . . sin tech ┐ fer fo lind leis, LL 7672 ( TBC-LL¹ 135 ). dochóid F. lasin n-athesc sin F. went with that reply, LU 8099 . is é seo mo chétḟechtsa latsu bud é mo ḟecht dedenach, LL 8599 ( TBC-LL¹ 1207 ).

(d) following the course of, secundum (flumen): lotar lasin sruth gó a bunad, Dinds. 52 ( BB 377a41 ). o indill Laeg in gae Aife / lesin t-ṡruth, TBC-LL¹ 2373 . is ann luidhes lasin mBoind sair, ZCP i 464.24 . rosnaid Osine in snaschur ┐ focheird e la sruth na tiprat co hAth na Feile, Dinds. 52 = BB 377a38 . ba sed comarc boi eturra, tomlacht na mbo do lecun lasin sruth, cor'bo find in glaisi in a ndocum, Dinds. 53 ( BB 378a38 ) = ra doírt . . . blegon . . . lasin ṅglassi, LL 169b53 . (cf. Ériu ii 22 , Keat. ii 226 . lasin sruth is represented in the first by: iarsan abaind, in the second by: ris an sruth, see FRI II).

(e) with, in the company of: conrobith i n-indocbáil la Crist `so that ye be in glory with Christ', Wb. 26a28 . attrab la Dia `to dwell with God', Ml. 92a9 . ciatasode lat ar écin `though thou keep her with thee perforce', Wb. 10a10 . nepproinde la geinti `of not dining with Gentiles', 19a10 . bes nobed nech aile leis ocind airchellad, Sg. 202a7 . bíad ind nim láad muindtirsiu `they shall be in heaven along with thy monks', Mon. Tall. 6 = fa re do mhuinntire si, Rule of Tallaght 40 . dubbert Pátricc cumtach du Fíacc . . . ┐ fácab morfeser lais dia muintir, Thes. ii 241.17 ( Ardm. 18a ). ainfa lib `I will tarry with you', Wb. 14a8 . corran célide libsi, 7a17 . congab iar suidiu i nDomnuch Féicc et baí and contorchartar tri fichit fer dia muintir lais and `after this he set up in D.D., and abode there until three score men of his community had fallen there beside him', Thes. ii 242.2 ( Ardm. 18a ). conna hacced nech leo hí that no one might see her with them, LL 260b13 ( LMU 11 ). In sense of alone . dob annamh thusa leat féin thou wert seldom alone, KMMisc. 346.8 . (see further Éigse viii 101 ). focal leis féin a word in its own right, a self-contained word (distinguished from a mere prefix such as comh- deagh-, etc.), IGT Introd. § 100 . See Celtica i 390 . In special sense: ni legend rollegusa la Petor `it is not a reading which I have read with Peter', Wb. 19a6 (cf. V (e) below). mosaithin aicce í / do lēigenn lē entrusted her to her to study with her, ACL iii 308 vi 9 .

(f) with , of mental relations and abstract qualities or notions; in some exx. assistance is implied: ls leu dorignius chomgnimu studivi innocentibus coniungi, Ml. 47a20 . socii .i. fodaimet immalle lium ón ┐ con dogailsegetar lium immalle dano `who endure along with me, and who also are sorrowful along with me', Ml. 87b17 . dia feidliged ires foirbthe leu, 136d2 . frithbruduth ointad la fírianu `refusal of oneness with the righteous', 76c4 . contísed P. do thoorund a luic lais, Thes. ii 242.7 ( Ardm. 18b ). gorb'é bés bfer nErenn beith leisan tí budh treisi to side with him who was strongest, Expugn. Hib. 74 . do thabhairt a lla baige leou, Ann. Conn. 52.12 . níl aoinfer ar in sgelsa leis, Rel. Celt. ii 293.28 . guidhim sibhsi fa beith lium uma cend I pray you to aid me concerning it, Fier. 96 . guidim sib fa cend beth lium im cach ní I beg you to side with me, 122 . With ellipse of verb: guidhim liom . . . / an chéad míle mairtíreach, Dán Dé xxv 62 . gā tarbha an béal do bheith lais / san inntinn ina éagmhais, xxii 20 . an lucht do-beir iad féin do shainnt an tsaoghail . . . óir saoilid go mairfeadh sin leó do shíor, TSh. 220. feib atré in mac bec atresat a gníma oclachais leis, TBC-LL¹ 985 . teid in ingen co n-ēgaīne moir lé dochum a hathar, RC vi 174.16 . scela lat hast thou news ? LU 7987 ( BDD 166 ). ZCP xiii 177.15 . dochóid F. lasin n-athesc sin F. went with that reply, LU 8099 ( FB 7 ). an teachtaire tig le haitheasgaib Dé, Dán Dé xiv 26 . an toisg lér chuirios iad the errand on which I sent them, ML 110.4 . abradh fris conā tardad gráin na hirfuath leis ina dochum, ACL iii 5.8 . cona gabur . . . e can fir De lais, Laws iv 294.20 . dá gcaitheam thú leis an toil if I consume Thee with (sinful) desire in my heart, Dán Dé xviii 10 . Also in spite of: ní léigfiom úainn . . . / le a bheirt . . . nglanmháilligh . . . / an sduaigh I will not let the chieftain go, for all his suit of polished mail, Ériu ix 164 § 17 .

(g) with, in custody of, at the disposal of; carried or worn by: fodord doib di dommatu ┐ dufuairthed ní leu forasaith din main, Ml. 97d10 . fáccab Áed aidacht la Conchad, Thes. ii 242.20 ( Ardm. 18b ). admuiniur in slánicid foracab dian cecht lia muintir, Thes. ii 249.9 . co lóg leu á fognama hiro-batar di mainib inna n-egiptacdae, Ml. 84c12 . mar aes mbraith . . . / cen scribenn lib, SR 3479 . gaisced lasin n-íngin, LU 4522 . claidib gelduirn léo, TBC-LL¹ 175 . is leis . . . frith escra na E., SR 3592 . ra leiced Fer loga . . . siar dia bliadna ┐ da gabair Conchobair leis, LL 13246 ( Sc.M² 20 ). doriacht Niall immach ┐ in indeoin cona cip lais, RC xxiv 194.6 . rofhóid . . . a gilla, ┐ a bréit allais lais, airm a mbói, PH 2193 . is amlaid tancatar, co slogu mora ┐ co n-ascadaib examla leo, LB 198b27 ( PH 6972 ). co n-imat piast . . . co mellaib dergaib umaide leo ina lámaib, PH 8312 . ni dlegait lōn leo for sét / . . . acht an ccéin rabhaitt amuigh / rī Érenn da bhfriothāilimh, ZCP viii 116 § 12. Common in this sense with beirid and do-beir (q.v.): an rí chondaigi hi foss / manimbera latt ní fogbai, Thes. ii 296 . iarsindí dunnucsat i ndoiri leu `after they had brought us into captivity with them', Ml. 92d1 . manimbera su latt if thou dost not carry me off, LL 260a43 ( LMU 9 ). do bert a chend ┐ a fodb lais, LU 5144. co ructáis a chend leo, TBC-LL¹ 1433.

(h) along with, and, in addition to, as well as: la cach cuimliucht ol chenae gl. hoc reliquis quoque commodis iungetur, Ml. 112c9 . ni lour in degforcitlaid maní be indithem leir . . . lasin `withal', 53c18 . tórmaig la cach maith dubir dúnni ar ṅglanad hua . . . chomroircnib gl. adde ad augmentum benignitatis tuae ut ab errore nos convertas, 105d4 . la sassad inna n-anmandae gl. et quod est amplius post expletionem . . . animantium, 129d16 . is airi nistabur la k ┐ q gl. h . . . aspirationis est magis nota, Sg. 4b13 . lasin ngutai inna degaid, 7b6 . co ndechatar [int sailm] mudhaigh hi tempal lasind canoin ol chena, Hib. Min. 7.210 (`they were lost in the Temple with the rest of the Canon', Strachan, RC xxviii 203 ). int[ṡ]ailim lasna noibscribhinna atarimim `I reckon the Psalms with the Sacred writings', Hib. Min. 3.75 . ataruirmiset la gerind `they have reckoned them (i.e. participles) with the gerund', Sg. 188a1 . biit remsuidigthi uaraib cen briathra leo, 215a6 (cf. friu in similar sense, 5). sens magis ┐ posit leiss `the sense of magis and with it the positive', 39a29 . atá dechor n-aimsire hi suidib la cumscugud coibedne, gl. etiam in prima persona habent differentias temporum, 146b15 . da cet mile . . . / la tri cethair cethrachat, SR 116 . tricha lathi . . . / la dech n-úara ┐ lethuar, 225 . immon Michil lasin crosfigill so, immon Muiri lasind crosfigell n-aile, Mon. Tall. 28 . masui dina[i]p Psalmaibh [in tituil] cid arna gabtair leu ? Minip dinaib psalmaib, cid ar[a]scriphthair leu?, Hib. Min. 7.230 . gaibti seom tra teora biadi ┐ magnificat la cach naí, Mon. Tall. 5 . ronbiat da tír lar tír we shall have two countries in addition to our own, Ériu iii 136.44 . bennacht fort . . . la céol nimhe deit dara éisi, BNnÉ 92 § 202 . co ndechaid [in rí] docum ithfrinn . . . la dilsi a thire do Senán ó sin amach, Lism. L. 2328 . condasloic . . . lasa loim gabais asind lestur swallowed her along with the draught, LU 10652 . atat sin sin duma . . . / iii. meic ríg . . . / la tri ingena, 2866 . See also s.v. taeb (la, fri, t.). In leiss (etc.) also; either : ind indocbál doratad do Crist condartar dúnni less gl. coheredes autem Christi, si tamen compatimus ut et simul glorificemur Wb. 4a18 is possibly an early ex. of this (cf. ZCP xvii 223 ). sine é sin ná tusa ┐ na mise leis, Celt. Rev. ix 142.25 (text and MS. late). rachaidh leis féin ar foghuil / raghaidh leis le féin bhFuinidh will go also, Bard. Synt. Tr. 8.10 . lais in this meaning forbidden, ibid. ? ré bliadhna ┐ beagán lais, TD 15.10 .

(i) with, assisting, on behalf of: ar debaid . . . leis fri Senach, LU 3342 ( SCC 13 ). dena ernuighthi leamsa curab reidh dham dhul, Lism. L. 1560 (= ora pro me, Lat. Lives 82 ). ro ghabh B. pater leis, Lism. L. 1566 (= orante B. pro eo, Lat. Lives 82 ).

II Of temporal relations.

(a) Marking point of time, coincidence of occurrence or action. Of point of time: is gnád bróen . . . oca turcbáil ┐ lia fuined, BCr. 18c2 . dognisom ind figild la matain `he performs the vigil at matins', Mon. Tall. 30 (= ar maidin, Rule of Tallaght 96a ). la turcbáil ṅgréne at dawn, TBC-LL¹ 634 . la fuinead ṅgréne, Ériu iv 138.24 . PH 5108. la fescor, PH 1699 . ro imthig reme la doshoillsi na maitne, Grail 1324 . ni tigdis acht le deghdil (= dedail) laoi nó le tosach seachdmuine, ZCP x 291.16 . Cf. la linn (3 linn). Of actions: cóichet na heichsi a gilli for se la fegad co andíaraid fair, LU 8522 ( FB 38 ). la fuirmed in mátan fair, LU 8545 ( FB 40 ). gairfitit . . . le guth a Dūileman (sic leg.), ZCP viii 212.22 . adbered-seom iarum la déicsiu in chuaich . . ., Ériu i 46.11 . tinoilis T. a muintir . . . fo cetoir la hairiugud Cesair cuige, CCath. 3735 . forba ┐ crich do dul for in forbunn rechtaide la tuidecht soscela, PH 3450 . rogab . . . imecla Sir Persaual la faicsin inn eich, Grail 1974 . Freq. in la sin and esp. la sodain with that, immediately, thereupon : dofeccai secha a gabuir . . . lasin donic in gabuir chuci, LL 14155 ( RC iii 184 ). See 1 sin. colláa th'ais tra ol sesem . . . La sodoin fochedoir slechtais C., Mon. Tall. 7 . la sodain téit úad, LU 6100 . ni thó or seiseom. La sodain focheird bedg cuce, LL 260a41 ( LMU 9 ). See 1 suide. Note also: cani du pater fothrí lase thereat, Thes. ii 249.3 . leis sin thereupon, TSh. 364.

(b) This sense sometimes merges into that of III (a); cucut . . . thánac do nim / la forngairi De, SR 1696 . luid for muir . . . lá forcongra Pátraic, Trip.² 2633 . do choid ass . . . in draicc iar sin la brethir in apstail, PH 2505 (cf. soithis A. fri brēithir a mathar, Cáin Ad. 8 . issí . . . rotathbēogadh . . . fri brathair nA., 10 ). rofacsat i n-aenla i la clois[t]eacht Cesair amain `merely on hearing of C.', CCath. 815 . ro eirigh an ben iar sin lé haithne Maodócc `at the command of M.', BNnÉ 218.28 . attracht in duine . . . la cloisteacht in sceōil `on hearing the story', Fl. Earls 194.1 . Cf. VI (b).

(c) during : dogéna sibh an caiscc si mara ndernabhair hí leisna secht mbliadnaibh ele si, BNnÉ 70 § 116 . ni lamar la graifne in gáid / élud, aithne, athgabáil, Metr. Dinds. iii 18.223 . lé ló in his time Content. ii 15 (cf. réd lá, xxiii 4 . rem lá, ACL iii 304.20 ). le haimsir, Párl. na mB. 17 . This use seems confined to later texts and is probably derived from FRI IX (b) q.v.

III

(a) on account of, because of, by reason of (see also II (b) last para., and FRI IV (b)): ní aicci ní lia mescai `he sees nothing for his drunkenness', Ml. 94c3 . gabail mo gotha dim la mméit inna nimned forodamar, Ml. 95d13 . ingnad lesom cutuim doib lammeit inna soinmige hirobatar, Ml. 91c19 . co mbo nem tened indala leth dind rígthig lasna claidbiu ┐ la fáebra na ngái, LU 8202 ( FB 15 ). lasin siabrad ro síabrad immi, LU 9143 ( FB 88 ). ce do faidsad snathat for lar . . . rocluinfide lasin tuí imbítis, LL 12557 ( Ériu iv 30 ). co mboi C. oc sirchuí lásin ngolltraighes, RC vi 183.16 . ba failid lais labra fris la somillsi a indsci, Grail 2187 . gu ro facsat sruithi . . . a n-istuda . . . la homun Cesair, CCath. 772 . ba huathad ro ela dib la f[a]ebra ┐ tennti ┐ biasta what with blades and fires and wild animals, few of them escaped, PH 6326 . le [a] mhéd rachas da ríodhún / a n-íobha slógh mear Mumhan / budh hól gan fear n-ealudhan, Ériu v 54.30 . Cf. II (b). ar ecla Chuind ┐ la hecla rīg Ulad, ZCP viii 274.25 . techit la crith ┐ omon Meic C., LU 7237 `with trembling and terror of Mac C. they flee', BDD 90 . tobur nach etir le duine . . . d'ol lea ḟuaire a ló ┐ lena thes a n-oidhchi, Maund. 136 . ní caomhnactar a feughadh . . . leis na ruithnibh diághadha, ZCP v 495.z . le na fad liumsa co faca tusa anocht, docuadhus . . . gut' iaraid, ZCP vi 66.21 . ni cumgat ni la Mac nDe, Anecd. iii 55.27 . nir ḟētsat in tech d'fāgbāil la daingne an iadhtha bái fair, Irish Texts i 42.10 . níorbh iongnadh le méad a sluaig ar ngéill do Chian it was no wonder we submitted to C., considering the size of his army, Ériu i 93.18 . tic la egsamlacht an inaid . . . examlacht an blassa (o, a, v.l.), Ir. Astr. Tr. 40.11 .

(b) In the following exx. the notions of purpose and instrument are more prominent; through the agency of, by means of: in tan scaras fria thola leo `when by means of them he separates from his desires', Thes. ii 247.7 (Cambr. Hom.). am dechaid a trian sin la bruith `when that third had boiled away', Mon. Tall. 52 . dolduid bannan bec bec as lasind fascad fottai `by reason of the long squeezing', 61 . rogabtha a cossae cona dernae figild rée mor ria necaib lasind forcrid dorigni dia naild, 34 (= ar an iomarcaigh dorighne se cheana, Rule of Tallaght 103 ). Cf. nombeir fort muin connesbiur dich latt take me on thy back that I may get (lit. drink) a drink with (by means of?) thee, RC x 214.z . gach paiter dar gabus riam lesin mbelsin, PH 7339 . is í so in t-ochtmad plág lér buail Dia Faró, 7653 . gach ní at-chluinim leis an gcluais, Dán Dé ix 6 . in spreid la ndíngned nech a bethugud, PH 7526 . clann do dhénuimh . . . dhi / le féghuin an éoin eile, IGT Decl. ex. 496 (= ar fēgad, ACL iii 238 ). rostad a n-éisg doníd ar chlochaib leisan grēin, Maund. 49 . maothuighthear í . . . le fothrogadh fola do thabhairt dí, Mac Aingil 306 . dogheba sibh . . . soinean maith le ffaicfe sibh an t-oilén so, BNnÉ 74.9 . geas do bhí ar an sleigh sin . . . gan bainéacht do dhéanamh lé, Keat. ii 4390 . an t-urchar . . . ler thuit morbhar G., Rel. Celt. ii 194.13 . ag gáire le guth mór, Dán Dé xxix 5 (cf. ro nuall o guth mor, PH 2898 = do éigh do ghuth ard, Matthew xxvii 46 ). Of persons: dochotar martra la heachtrandu, YBL 12a28 . ata Muma lais i ssíd through him M. is at peace, LL 19073 . tairthe na bhfeadh leat do lúb, L. Cl. A. B. 234.6 . Cf. II (b).

(c) Of accompanying circumstance or condition; contemporary action: nach comai[r]le . . . dognither la fortach[t] Dae is bithsuthin adae, Ml. 51b28 . ar bá fio factus sum dogéni prius; suffio sufiui immurgu la cumscugud n-inne, Sg. 185b4 . ní choímnacair a fogbail lá doirchi na aidchi, Trip.² 1446 (126) . focheird deit chubus . . . la slemni `send him away from thy confession gently', Mon. Tall. 2 . a mesrugud do neuch tra buddesin la eolus ind fita, 63 . ni aurcail dano laisiom do neoch cid chodala a lórtid acht rop la forcomet na trade colleir `provided that he diligently observe the hours', 82 . praind do tomailt la marb hi tig to eat a meal whilst in a house where there is a dead man, 65 . dá ndeach le bás mbeannaighthe, Studies 1918, 282 § 16 . isin rainn is nesam do dochuaidh la cundtabairt he goes (lit. has gone) to the next division to it by reason of the doubt, Laws iv 192.7. Comm . do-chúaidh an gort san choll go ndearna an tsoil .g. aris de la a bheith bog na choll chumuisg (i.e. g + c = cc but s + cc = sg), IGT Introd. § 30 . gan duine . . . do dol faoi . . . acht le custam do dhīol, Fl. Earls 90.4 . caith le daondacht a bhfoighe, O'Gr. Cat. 29.5 . dochuir urnaighthe diochra go Dia . . . gidh edh nir treicc . . . a troim-easlainte leissin hé for all that, BNnÉ 275 § 257 . Cf. la dēcim felmac (.i. is amlaid ataciim conid mac foglamma) `according to what I see (he is only) a pupil' RC xxvi 14.12 . ( Rawl. 108a5 .)

(d) Expressing purpose with follg. vn.: lé a congbháil ó fhéin fhuinidh `to guard it', TD 10.16 . ní le rádh uirre is iomdha (of Jerusalem), 17.25 . la furtacht d'faghail in order to get help, Stair Erc. 78 . ar an leabhar . . . noch atā le taisbēanadh, Párl. na mB. 133 .

IV Expressing agency by, by the hands of, by direction or order of.

(a) With pass. verb. dogéntar aidchumtach tempuil less, Wb. 26a8 . congabtis gabala linn, 19a4 . a molad . . . lúaidfidir láedib limmsa `it will be sung in lays by me', Thes. ii 295.7 (Cod. S. Pauli). indí lassandenatar inna cumtach `those by whom the ornamentations are made', Ml. 84a11 . gabthe dunad les fris `a camp was pitched by him (Saul) against him (David)' Ml. 55c1 . dichossecrad inna cathrach conrotacht la duaid `of the consecration of the city that was built by David', 48d27 . conoscaighther du scath immut la cumscugud inna grene gl. sicut umbra corpus sequitur et conversionibus solis inflectitur, 118c12 . amal asrobrad leusom, Ml. 37b24 . oroit ar Thurcain lasandernad in [c]hrossa, Thes. ii 289.5 . oroit . . . do Flaund . . . do rig Herenn lasandernad a cumddachso (i.e. to whose order?), 11 . ised canir leisim, Mon. Tall. 131.11 . rothinolad lais . . ./ na fuair frisna secht ṁbliadnaib, SR 3393 . díaro sáertha na mná la Adomnan ┐ la Fínnachta Fledach, la ríg nÉrend, ┐ la mathib hErend ar chena, LU 2258 ( FA 32 ). do toglad in dun la Coin Culaind, RC vi 184.28 . Tigernmas . . . / leis ro berbad . . . méin óir a tús i nHerind, LL 2046 (cf. is aciside doronta ilbrechta i n-étaigib, 2037 ). darónad urgnam bíd ┐ lenna leo, TBC-LL¹ 811 . ro alt la Conchobar, LL 260a11 ( LMU 6 ). C. . . . lasrachētgabtha comgni, ZCP viii 303.1 . rohailed in mac sin la Cathbad, RC vi 178.129 . Marchelli din . . . is lais do-ronad leiges in abbad, PH 555 . gabthar Ailill la hÉ., RC xxiv 186.2 . a chlár . . . ler cabhradh cách, DDána 2.6 . Sometimes with ellipsis of the verb: ni do chach la Meidb in lind dálter for Fer ṁbáeth, TBC-LL¹ 2167 = ni do chách berar la Meidb, TBC St. 1926 . lechtain le Pedar / isan offrend ard uasal the lectio was introduced by Peter, ZCP viii 115 § 31. Frequ. with impersonal forms of intransitive verbs: dutiagar leu du failti fris[i]n ríg, Ml. 116b5 . dochuas (docuas v.l.) limsa chuici I went to it, Ériu iv 134.11 . cid fa bfuilter damsa lib what do you want from me, TBC-LL¹ 2261 . sciobadh na miasa . . . is trialltar leo tar sleasaibh an mhúir amach, Keat. iii 1012 .

(b) Denoting agent after vn. or an appellative so used: tri óenpheccad la Adam, Wb. 3a5 which could also be rendered one sin of Adam's. Cf. VI (a). conaroib diupart neich lelele `so that there be no defrauding of one by another', 16c24 . connabí asse a aicsin leu `so that it is not easy for him to be seen by them', Ml. 116a1 . Cf. cid fodruair latsu . . . mo dímiadsa fiad andrib, LU 3901 ( SCC 41 ). ba ferr a comaitecht . . . oldaas a tuitim la náimtiu, LL 260b33 (Lg). dogniat nuallguba . . . ic a riagad la drungu demnu, PH 8316 . cúirt . . . ag a cor suass lesin diūc, Fl. Earls 78.35 . Here may be assigned the type: ni sí ar sercc less `that is not the love He hath for us', Wb. 4b16 . méit for serc lemsa, 14d16 . Cf. 23a27 , 25a27 , 27d8 . ara seirc lind because I am so fond of her, Fing. R. 392.

(c) Denoting agent after active verb, at the hands of: cutrummae neich forodamair som leu `the same measure as he had suffered at their hands', Ml. 54b28 . Cf. maided fair lib `let him be routed by you', Wb. 7a4 . rombith lat . . . a lestar give me the vessel, Irish Texts i 11.2 . cach la tan ba leo. tan aile ba forro, LU 223 . co torchair .l. leis cona ḟiaclaib, LL 14054 ( RC iii 181 ). fuair bás na chomland chatha / la D., Arch. Hib. ii 85 § 41 . dáig ni bam béo meni thaeth cara nó náma limm, TBC-LL¹ 669 . táet a bás lim, 907 . mad dia tóetsad latt, 2088 . E. lastorchair C., ZCP viii 302.20 . tuitfe tú liomsa, Duan. F. ii 256 § 31 . is lais tra forodamair in martrasa, lasin forcongarthid . . . Datianus, PH 1109 . o atchualaid tra Dioclian . . . in bisech bui for in cristaigecht lais (i.e. Paphnutius), 539 .

(d) With neg. vb. denoting preventive agent: mainbad tairbad bāis . . . / lem ni bud fien cen dīgail, Fianaig. 10.18 .

V In at, among, with (apud, chez, bei).

(a) Of locality or population-group: ucc domnuch mar criathar la auu censelich in Uí Ch. Thes. ii 241.6 ( Ardm. 18a ). la laigniu `in Leinster', Thes. 241.16 (ibid.). Raith Cathbaid .i. la Cruithintuaith Raith C. in the country of the Picts, RC vi 175.38 . Cf. la di[a]mair a inchlidi som gl. apud arcanum virtutis suae, Ml. 53a5 . nach loinges roḟitir E. la hEirind, Ériu iii 138.103 . érlamae Cille F. la Áu Amalgada, Trip.² 1540 . Mag Ṡeired la Tethba. Mag Tochair i Tir Eogain, LL 626 . Ui A. la Muaidh `on the Moy', Hy Fiach. 4. Cf. nach namae ro bói lia n-athir `any enemy that their father had', Ml. 127b2 . is de atā Trāig Ési la hUltu, Ériu i 118.35 . Crimthann la Hū Maine, ACL iii 308 § vi 1 . la hErinn huili throughout Ireland, RC iii 345.6 .

(b) Referring to persons or peoples generally: bat he berte bretha lib `let it be them who give judgements among you', Wb. 9c12 . lia muntair `among his household', Ml. 71c16 . no cainte tobchetal leusom hi tosuch cech mís, 102c8 (or to be referred to IV (a)?). rechtga[e] ríg amail rongab rechtga[e] righ Caisil la Mumain, Críth G. 520 . in Cú ro chúalammár la hUltu, LU 4832 . mad me bad chend athchomairc laisna Déisib, Ériu iii 140.184 . máethmaccáem co n-gabh armu lind, TBC-LL¹ 1249 . is hē ba tuaircnid flatha la Fiachaig, ZCP viii 317.18 . da ech bas ḟerr la Connachta `the best pair of horses to be found with the C.' LL 13031 ( Sc.M² 2 ). is é cétna ro gabh in ceim sin la Romhanchu `the first to obtain that rank among the Romans', CCath. 77 . do mheaduigh cert lem gach lá, Rel. Celt. ii 240.y .

(c) in, amongst, with, of customs and usages, corresponding to in, amongst, with , in such phrases as in Virgil, in Shakespeare, (it is the custom) in France or amongst the French, (it is a custom) with him; in the days of (cf. VI (d) below): intí lasmbi ind encae . . . intí bís isind encae (sic), Ml. 24a19 . file athir leíss `that he has a father', Sg. 29b12 . ní áis aeccalsa ata brithemin lib, Wb. 9c7 . lebedan .i. ised ainm forán la ezechiál `Leviathan, that is Pharaoh's name in Ezechiel', Ml. 93b7 . do thintud in suin ebraidi sluindes . . . ilintliuchtu la ebreu, 37a10 . dundgniat ind filid linni, 26b10 . briathra āildi la cechtar de frialaile, 31a24 . is la grecu atā a ndliged sin, Sg. 95b1 . dund lathar fil la Dia ocar nditin ni `to the purpose which is with God in protecting us' Ml. 103d27 . nad fel dliged remcaissen la Dia, Ml. 27d10 . mascul la baedam són immurgu `this however, is masculine in Baeda', Sg. 124b6 . arecar forṅgarthaid sechmadachti la Grécu gl. apud Graecos etiam praeteriti temporis sunt imperativa, Sg. 147b6 . ind interiecht nad rann insce la Grecu, 26b6 . cit comsuidigthi la Grecu ní ecen dunni beta comsuidigthi linn, 207b11 . aní as nomen lasna littridi aili is cognomen són la Priscien, 28a18 . is follus nach mór bríg articuil linni, 26b3 .

Very frequently in Laws i n phrase la Féine (Féniu) (frequently abbreviated lā) according to (the custom of) the F.: cis lir fodlai fine la Feine?, Laws iv 282.10 ( SM Facs. 3b ). atait tri comurba la Feine nis comsaer a cuir, Laws iii 46.18 . atait secht cella la Feine, na dlegad dire na dicubus, v 118.1 . dichenglaiter cach chor cen raith fine la Feine, iv 206.z . is [s]ruithiu la Feine in foesam andsen óldas a tir as a tairidnither, 9 ( Ériu xvii 64 § 3 ). Note further: ní heclas, acht ūam latrand ┐ tādat a hainm la Crīst, Ériu i 219.z . ar is fern laisin laidneoir ┐ u laisin Gāidel, ZCP viii 107.3 . ni facai . . . tuaslucud for selind n-imbe la muindtir Máolrúoin, Mon. Tall. 22 . atat tri altai leusom for ind gabail, 33 . ni fogni laisim fachmarc scel dóib `it is not his usage to ask them for news' 2 (see fo-gní). ba sollamain gresach la maccu Israel in sollamain-sea in Cengcaigis, PH 5417 . is meinic leis na hoideadha techt . . . do lathair na ndaltadha, RC xxix 110.x .

(d) Various: is bés leosom in daim do thúarcain ind arbe Wb. 10d6 . is bes leusom torand hi tempul delbae inna rig, Ml. 65c16 . ba lugae leu in sin gl. per . . . exempla iurabant, 118c5 . ba bés leu . . . ferthain ind óenaig, LU 3230 ( SCC 2 ). as breth la F. leth diri gach graid tuaithe for a mnai, Laws iv 306.17 . In the opinion of, according to: issi a bríg liumsa atechtae som huaim amal ni confessin etir I care no more about their going from me than if etc., Ml. 117d4 . ba bibdu báis leusom intí nád imdibthe, Wb. 1d15 . is cert a míad linn do beith-siu etrainn we deem it a sufficient honour, Mer. Uil. 49. See dar.

(e) from, at the hands of: gabais caille la patricc took the veil from P. (i.e. was professed by P.), Thes. ii 238.16 ( Ardm. 17a2 ). rotbia less lóg do daggníma, Wb. 6a11 . rotbia limm airmitiu intslóig, SR 3353 . nanní asbertisom frisom . . . ba ed a frecrae adi lesom `whatever they used to say to him that was the answer to them that he had', Ml. 62c13 . ba hísin tochuiridh Patraic leo the invitation they had for P., Dinds. 68 . in eitchi connaigh, nī sunn atā dhó acht a Clūain mic Nois ┐ la Ciarán, ACL iii 4.35 . amail rochualatar som lassin faith commad tria chumachta na hingine rogebtais tír, Ériu iii 138.80 . ro chuala la nech legas libru I have heard from one who studies books, LL 19060 ( Misc. Hib. 17 § 1 ). cia hairm ita in chleth, cluinem lat, Rawl. 84a21 . rot bia tír lind cen chís cen biathad, Ériu iii 140.168 . dia mbui Crist hi croich la hIúdaigib, PH 671 . rodbē a lūagh la Dia `may God reward you for it', Ériu i 46.27 . cīa lóg rombīa latt ar a fagbāil what reward shall I have from thee? ZCP iv 44.5 ( TBFr. 23 ). Cf. further: luid C. do forceatal gaiscid la Scāthaig . . . ilLetha, Ériu i 114.3 (cf. Wb. 19a10 cited under I (e) above). tathum cech maith la Gūaire, Ériu ii 16.13 . cía fogaba mōrchennsa / lassin dūilem īar ndola, BColm. 98.8 .

(f) The following also are most simply explained as developments of the sense with, amongst, at ; exx. of the types cited are very numerous in Old-Ir. glosses: trachtad lesom anisiu this is his commentary, Ml. 74c9 . cosmuilius aile lessom in so this is another of his similes, Wb. 10d14 . cosmuilius roisc anísiu lessom, 12c10 . canoin centrachtad in so lessom (of a verse without commentary), Ml. 132c6 . analogia laissem anisiu do thaidbse cheille `he has here an analogy to shew the sense', Sg. 149b4 . Cf. forsani as corda trachtad (dtrachtid, MS) lesom anisiu, Ml. 53a1 .

(g) according to, in the opinion of in phrases with copula: ished aperficere lessom (to do) this he deems perficere, Wb. 3d5 . is peccad diabul lesom he considers it a double sin, Ml. 97d10 . issí ind inducbal lesom in molad, 126b17 . arathis leusom anintamail fria ndeu `they deem it as a reproach', 138c10 . This construction very common at all periods to indicate possession of opinion, notion, feeling, desire, impulse, etc. The predicate can be (i) a noun, or (ii) an adjective. (i) iscían ós accobor lemm farríchtu I have long desired to come to you, Wb. 7a3 . intí lasinformat maith dodegdoinib, Ml. 129b3 . is machdad limm, Sg. 6a4 . cid as mó miscais lat atchí, IT i 81.18 . cach ní ba tol libse, PH 637. (ii) robu maith leu they would have liked, Ml. 105b8 . aní asmaith ladia doguidi, Wb. 4b4 . condib sain . . . linn, Tur. 86 . an robo dech leó dona tri coectaib ingen, LU 8724 ( FB 54 ). ba holc le anisin, RC xxiv 192.21 . amal ba lór leo, PH 3300. Common with menma: bá maith lais a menma, IT i 257.5 . See menmarc. See also dar. With certain predicates the meaning is more concrete, see doich, étir, mebair, etc.

VI Denoting possession, ownership, etc.

(a) attá x la y y has x (cf. oc IV (b)): nistá leo leth docoiset they have nowhere to go, Mon. Tall. 128.10 . robadar cethtri cridiscél liomsae `I have had', 136.19 . See also 144.28 , 130.1 , 135.19 , 135.28 , 148.20 . boí fled . . . la B. do Ch. B. had a feast (prepared) for C., LU 8041 ( FB 1 ). itá a rigan la cach ríg sund has with him, TBC-I¹ 190 . in filet scéla lib?, ZCP viii 318.20 . tresin ceird toṡuigthi fil lib, LL 13770 . mór na tiorchanta atá lionn, TD 27.30 . In St. Ercuil common in archaisms (see Introd.); elsewhere replaced by attá . . . oc . . . Cf. an lá nocha liom do bhí it was not my lucky day(?), Aithd. D. 47.1 .

(b) x la y y has x (perh. as (a) with ellipse of subst. vb.): ceist limm dúib, Wb. 19b7 . óenchoimdiu lib `one Lord have ye', 22d7 . sainred n-eulais leu, Ml. 37b12 . As subordinate clause: ho ro mmoidisom cumachte less that he had power, Wb. 17a12 . is torbach do popul flaith firian leu it is profitable to the people to have a righteous prince, Ml. 90b11 . conrubaidh fri m'enech gin mháthair nó athair lium (.i. agum), ZCP v 523 . Of personal attributes: rosc nglan . . . lais, LU 7078 ( BDD 75 ). berrtha lethna leo, TBC-LL¹ 181. Of relatives: da brathair limm, TBC-LL¹ 50 . E. . . . oenmac leis, Rawl. 148a5 . ni fess celi le, IT i 139.26 = nácon fes céle for a seilb, LU 10606. Various: de[i]ch mbaí lais, Laws iv 306.x . breithemnus dogrés la clandaib L., Críth G. 133 . leth in tigi . . . la Connachta the men of C. occupied, Sc.M² 5 . rob tusa lemsa / rob misi latsa, Ériu ii 89 § 4 (see Éigse x 46 ).

(c) is la x y x owns, possesses y, y belongs to x (also with ellipse of copula. See Éigse x 45 - 8 ): ní lanech huáin alaile, Wb. 6b20 . commimis less huili, 21 . leissom a tech, 33a2 . amal ata les inna nert, Ml. 108c11 . á aii .i. comtis les gl. uoluerit eos suos uocari, 92c10 . is limsa in cauradmir, LU 8974 ( FB 73 ). A. . . . ba leis ind Hériu, LL 14786 . latsu na rucais, PH 3217 . bud le a maccaibsi a cuit de, Laws iv 46.3 Comm . diamtis lat, LU 3310 ( SCC 11 ).

In extended meaning x has a right to (do) y: ni limsa superedificare it is not for me to, etc., Wb. 8c17 . is la B. tocht isan cath it is B's part to go into battle, RC xxiv 194.24 . riaguil proinntige . . . ní linni a rád it is not for us to fix the rules of the refectory, ZCP xiii 27.21 . is liomsa a chogar ó chiort I have a right to be heard by him, DDána 121.33 . Note also: in let / dál dia fuair doirthe dost thou know why? Metr. Dinds. iii 412. 27 . do ba leam ise d'aithmhealladh it was in my power to, Aithd. D. 89.32 . imtheachd . . . is é bhus libh, DDána 26.3 .

(d) Phrase x la y as adjectival complement of a noun: petta sindaig la rig L. a pet belonging to, IT i 46.22 . dorime an mac aite ile lasin n-athair many places belonging to (that many places belong to?), Anecd. i 51 § 3 . E., cathair . . . lé hEoin, Maund. 31 . go baile le diūc de L., Fl. Earls 74.28 . Cf. Créd la Marcán, Anecd. i. 7.14 .

Personal forms used reflexively: atdubelliub lemm, Wb. 7a4 . décce lat corintiu, 10c20 . atreba leiss possesses, Sg. 33a1 , 4 . addella leis tech[t] do thig filed N., Otia ii 86.2 . faichle lat atair mo thairbhse, BB 384b36 ( Dinds. 66 ). Áth Chliath fégaid lib, Metr. Dinds. iii 100.1 . finta lat in ranic ní Fer baeth, TBC-LL¹ 2198 . an fitir lat?, YBL 13a24 ( Snedg. u. Mac R 46 ). imthigid don halla leó féin, Maund. 203. áirimh leat, Content. v. 71 . tiomsaigh leat, TD 2.5 . See Duan. F. iii 75 n ., Celtica i 390 .

Idiomatic uses with verbs, nouns and adjectives are given under the words concerned.

In later lang. 3 s. n. leis as adv. visible, uncovered : ná léig leis do bhrághaid bhán do not expose, Dánta Gr. 26.7 . a n-aighthe ┐ gach ní do bhí leis díobh all that was uncovered. Beatha S. F. 2347 . leigmíd ár mbrollach . . . leis, Párl. na mB. 562 . ? duit ó nach léis na lomróid, Rel. Celt. ii 298.26 . (Earlier ris, see Duan. Finn., Éigse ix 227 , fri IX (f)).

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