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crích

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crích or dil.ie/12912

 

Forms: críg

n ā, f. ?d s. críg, Ml. 131c10 (leg. cathraig? note).

(a) boundary, limit (of territory), end; aim, purpose, etc. (partic. in later lang.): honaib crichaib cammaib gl. obliquis sulcis, Ml. 2a7 (of furrow which marks boundary, see O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 168 ). ba samla fri c.¤ in da chlod doriṅgensat roith . . . carpait C.C. furrow, LL 12808 . bieid crich fortimtherecht cacha dúlo gl. deinde finis, Wb. 13b28 . innacriche gl. limitis, Ml. 37d7 . tri deligud innac.¤ , 11 . cona tiagat taracricha corai (of waters), 51d3 . rasaig ac.¤ cuccai `their boundary extends to it', 102a8 . c.¤ gl. ωρα, Sg. 9b12 . gl. limes, 66b4 (see n.). muir dar críchu a flood, TBC-LL² 4493 . isedh is crich ann, gort feoir no arbair, no ard-urchur flesca ┐ tri deisceimann o tire tuaim . . . no comadh é bu crich ann, cenn in baile ┐ na .iiii. guirt atta nesa dó, O'Curry 2330 ( Eg. 88, 25 (26)d ). óthá c.¤ drommo nit. cuglais tamlachtæ, Thes. ii 238.8 ( Ardm. 17a2 ). co ndichet tar c.¤ , Críth G. 29 . in cloch criche boundary-mark , Laws iv 8.7 Comm. doragad dochom críche (of Cú Chulainn), LU 4830 (TBC). dodechaid iarom c.¤ mór ond loch distance(?), LL 14043 . nech nát comfa in domnach . . . ina críchaib córib `within its proper boundaries', Ériu ii 194 § 8 . eter dí crich in dómnaig, LB 204b11 . go ttangador criocha deiridh don lo soin i.e. evening, ZCP x 290.32 . rotuilsit . . . in aidchi sin co crīchuib na maidne till dawn, ZCP xiii 240.5 . dothuitetar . . . a crīchaib in c[h]omlainn (used for alliteration?), Fianaig. 64.21 . ní-co fil c.¤ for a flaithius, PH 1809 . co crich do bais, ZCP vi 26.24 . críoch a riaghla is nár anois `that their rule has come to an end', Bard. P. 5.10 . críoch ar gciunais `the consummation of our peace', Arch. Hib. i 96 § x . guais do chách críoch a faghla ` outcome ', O'R. Poems 3450 . mór críoch a shuirghe aim , Aithd. D. 95.12 . crioch ar ccomhraidh uain̄ fa fhód object , Rel. Celt. ii 240.13 . do b'í an chreach-sain críoch ar leoin peak , DDána 79.8 . ag moladh bhar ccríche maithe = resolution, RSClára via . an chríoch dhéidheanach final end, TSh. 725 . ga mhēid crīoch dhēidheanach ann? A ceathair .i. an bās, an breithiomhnas, ifrionn ┐ flaitheamhnas, Parrth. Anma 5962 .

In phrases meaning act of completing, fulfilling, etc.: críoch do chur ar an suirghe, A. Ó Dálaigh xlviii 13 . smúaineadh gan a chur a cc.¤ , Bard. Synt. Tr. 210.6 . a chur a gc.¤ uile = the whole disposing thereof, Proverbs xvi 33 . do bheir sé olc chum críche, 30 . chuige sin . . . do thabhairt chum críche, Párl. na mB. 255 . táinig an aisling sin i gc.¤ do Chormac `this vision was fulfilled in C.', Keat. ii 4665 . go ttáinig gach nídh do thairngair Fíonán do chum críche, ZCP ii 558.16 . do-chuaidh críoch ar an gcunnradh `has been carried out', Aithd. D. 21.2 .

(b) confines, territory, district, land (in sg. and pl. See Ériu xxii 162 ): hifar crichaib fadisin gl. finibus vestris, Ml. 115b10 . intseuit bite hí cách c.¤ , 122a4 . cacha críche condelg `to every territory its covenant', Celtica vi 237.21 ( ACL iii 226.16 ). tar nos crichi no cana, Laws v 254.7 . comhadh cách a chríoch, Ériu xiii 20.9 . líth línass crícha, Fél. Sept. 9 . an can criocha im ghalail (sanchán crícha im Galail, Ed.), Blathm. 26 . im cert filid tar crich crossing a territory (border?), Laws i 184.17 . i críchaib cíana comaidchi, MU² 220 . do ḟascnam a crichi bunaid, RC xxiv 178 § 8 . i crichaib echtrand, CRR 6 . imthecht a crich n-ecailsi hi crich tuaithi, Ériu ii 202.2 n. dorigne c.¤ claidim di swordland, SG ii 464.26 . críoch Cuinn (poetic name of Ireland), Mart. Don. xxxix 4 . críoch fhionnchorr Éirionn, SGS iv 140 § 9 . ro fagaib . . . cricha na Greige, Stair Erc. 1375 .

In n. loc. see Hog. Onom. In n. pr. Fer dá ch.¤ , Fél. Aug. 15 .

Compds. With nouns. T. M. / is mín críochbhuird, Ir. Syll. Poetry 55 § 7 . do chlíu nad chliss crichbrugi Macha, LL 14222 (rhet.). ó chríochbhun an dá chomhairle ultimate basis, DDána 70.1 . teine í . . . chraos-shloigeas go críochcaitheamh = usque ad perditionem, TSh. 7958 . mendudai ┐ críchdoirsi a námut frontier passes, Alex. 200 . im chricheasbaid a chuigid `circumscribing', MR 110.7 . tír dúthaigh chláir chríchfhionnMhonaidh, DDána 89.6 . fa críochḟorba ḟear nÉireann (of Ireland), Content. xxx 19 . do b'é críochrún a gcagaidh, DDána 121.15 . With adjj.: i ttimcheall Chaisil chríochbháin, Top. Poems² 1194 . Banbha . . . badh críochcoganta, DDána 89.9 . ríogha Crúmhthainn chríchfheadhaigh, Top. Poems² 816 . do'n chined choitchenn crich-fhuinedach `western', MR 294.26 . caith-chrios . . . crioch-niamhtha, xiv 3 . fa chnoc gcríochruadh gC., DDána 111.39 .

See críth.

muir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. muir or dil.ie/32761
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: muir, ṁmuir, muir, mmuir, moro, mora, mara, mara, maro, more, muire, mure, mara, muir, muir, mhara, moir, muir, mara, muire, mara, marann, mara, marannaibh, muirinn, muir, mara, marai, muir-, mur-, mur-, muirágu, muirbretha, muirmhil, Muir, Murcon, Muirmhedho

n i, n. and m., later also f. O.Ir. forms: n s. muir, Thes. ii 47.31 ( Philarg. 83 ). (with art.) a ṁmuir mbrígach, Fél. Ep. 30. in muir , SR 287 , 3989 . a s. (with art.) issa mmuir , Thes. i 493.27 , 29 ( Tur. 131 ). g s. in moro , Ml. 81a4 , cf. 96c1 . mora, Sg. 94a3 . Thes. ii 290.5 ( Sg. 112 ). AU 769. in mara , Gild. Lor. 5. rith mara , SR 266. dochom maro , LU 5382 ( TBC-I¹ 906 ). fri more foimrim, IT ii1 182.2 ( YBL 116b47 ). a p. forsna muire , Ml. 126a4 . tarsna mure , 122a3 . In Mid.Ir. n p. mara (mora) is found. In later Mid.Ir. muir becomes fem. (already in LB 125b15 ; cf. also SR 287 : in muirlinn aili is i in muir , but possibly the gender of the pron. is that of muirlinn); in Mod.Ir. generally fem. (Keat.; but g s. an mhara , TSh. 103 , 10260 ). moir muir (m., g s. mara), IGT Dec. § 41 ; (f., g s. muire, mara) § 42 . In late lit. n -forms occur in oblique cases of pl.: g p. na marann , RC xxiv 371.28 (n p. mara, ib.), 378.10 (Rennes Tenga Bithnua). d p. marannaibh, ZCP vi 59.17 . Cf. torann-fadach na muirinn ┐ na n-uiscedha ` seas ', RC xxviii 312 § 8 (but see muirenn).

The sea in wide sense, both of sea as opposed to land and of particular tracts of ocean with special designations, occas. of inland seas; freq. used without art., esp. after prep. Gl. mare, Ml. 62c2 , Gild. Lor. 5 , Ir. Gl. 860 ; aequor, Philarg. 83 ( Thes. ii 47 , 362 ). muir i.e. a nomine mare (mara MS.), Corm. Y 913. nem uasaind ┐ talam ísaind ┐ m.¤ immaind immá cuard, TBC-LL¹ 4752. Dia . . . is e doroine nem ┐ talam ┐ m.¤ , PH 989. for m.¤ ┐ fairrge, 2080 . turcgeba in m.¤ mormoṅgach, SR 8105. m.¤ mílach, Fél. June 21 . in set dogabur itir nai tonna ┐ tir . . . in set dogabur arin m.¤ mor the high sea, Laws v 326.5 . i n-inis mara, IT i 75.4 . longa in mara, PH 7024. do treabaidh ais na muire `the back of the seas' (? sea), Leb. Gab.(i) i 36.11 . tonn fuar na muire mairbhe, Aisl. Tond. 104.8 . metither ra Fomóir na ra fer mara, TBC-LL¹ 3805 (the last four words are a gloss; merman? pirate?). i llán mara in the full tide, AU 769. in lān mara, Fl. Earls 20.17 . Cog. 190.20 . muc mara a porpoise (see muc(c)). do m.¤ by (on) land: do m.¤ is do t[h]ír, BColm. 102.10 . CCath. 2675. ac indrudh Muman do m.¤ ┐ do thir, RC xviii 49.24 (Tig.). pl. in distrib. sense: mara móra co n-ainbthinib, FA 30 = marai LB. ru reset inna muire ┐ inna locha, AU 821. fo lochaib ┐ lindaib ┐ muirib, Laws i 72.8 . tre ilmuire, Aen. 331.

Of particular seas: tri m.¤ robur the Red Sea , Ml. 82c8 , cf. 96c1 . See robur. Also called m.¤ ruad, PH 2823 (see rúad). muir Caisp the Caspian Sea , Leb. Gab.(i) i 16.19 . m.¤ n-Ichtt, IT i 39.18 (= mare Vectis, the English Channel ). dar m.¤ Torrian the Tyrrhene (Mediterranean) Sea , PH 570. i n-innsib Mara Torrian, Hy. ii 11. otha m.¤ Terren aniar conice m.¤ mairb from the Mediterranean to the Dead Sea, LB 125b14 . muir marb, 159a19 . isna crichaib borethaib i leith re muir tēcht the frozen (hyperborean) Sea, BB 492a13 (= tēchtmuir, Alex. 437 ); 487b9 . in Mhuir Técht the Dead Sea , Maund. 92. risin m.¤ tentide bo deis the fiery (torrid) sea (southern boundary of inhabited earth), BB 487b12 . for imlib mara Tibir the sea of Tiberias, LB 118b51 . i mm.¤ Thibriatis, PH 6716. an m.¤ Ponteca (= mare Ponticum), Auraic. 3343.

Transf. and fig.: m.¤ tened, FA 25. is m.¤ dar crichu a sea overflowing boundaries (of an invincible enemy), TBC-LL¹ 5395. is m.¤ dar múru, 5277 = is tond romara, TBC-I¹ 3214. bud m.¤ conbaidfea duib-si in buden sain a sea that will drown (you), 5578 . ? iarna sáethur gair-som | it é cen aes muir-som (mair-sium, mairson v.l.), Fél. Prol. 60 = it é muir-som cen aes they are a sea without age (cf. ler slúagdae, March 21 ), Thurneysen. m.¤ téachta déar d'fhuil, Ir. Monthly 1929, 596.32 . an mhuir-se na mailíse, TSh. 2068.

Compds. Before a non-palatal consonant in the second component muir- becomes mur- in Mid.Ir. and many stable compds. are treated separately under mur-.

A. With subst.: ¤ág(a)e m. sea-beach, coast (? sea-dyke)? d s. din muirágu , Thes. i 498.25 ( Ardm. 188b1 ), gl. de assole vel de Asson ( Acts xxvii. 13 ). A compd. of áge `pillar, prop'? ¤bolc (bolg) m. `a sea bag', inlet of the sea (see ZCP xi 192 , xii 305 ). As n.l.: in Muirbulc mar, Thes. i 280.42 (d s.). a mMurbulg, ZCP viii 218.5 . Dal Riati in Muirbuilgg, AU 730 (g s.). ac carraig Murbuilg, CRR 9. ¤bran m. a cormorant: gl. merges (= mergus), Sg. 55b9 . ¤breth f. a sea-judgement; (in pl.), maritime law . pl. muirbretha , Laws i 182.1 . diles i muirbrethaib, iii 422.1 . i murbrethaib, H 3.17 c. 656 ( O'D. 925 ). isna Muirbrethaib (name of a legal tract?), Corm. Y 539. ¤cengal m. ` sea-bond '; transf. of a chieftain a sea-compeller, sea-ruler? Muirceangal ua Domain Nuaill (.i. Maghnus o Domhnaill), ZCP v 486 § 10 (B. na f.). ¤coblach m. a sea-fleet; a naval expedition . muirchoblach, LU 9801 ( RC vi 165.22 ). tánic Nemed . . . a murchoblach cetheora barca .xxx., LU 1277 ( Imr. Brain ii 288 ). i mbraine muircoblaig, O'Mulc. 292. i murchoblaigib in fleets , Trip. 206.1 . fo clú . . . an murchoblaigh sin Golaim sea expedition, Leb. Gab.(i) i 232.8 . murchoblach la Colman . . . hi Soil ┐ i nIle, AFM i 204.7 . ¤choirthe castaway, shipwrecked person: for murchorthai, ZCP xiii 21.36 . eiric tar cend murcuirthi cin apu do righ, Laws v 182.9 . o murchuirthe codnach … o murchuirthe leithcuinn ┐ lethceille, Bretha 20 § 12.3 . ¤comrac m. a sea-fight: tíagait do muirchomruc forsind [ḟ]airrce, BDD 45. murcomrac forsin fairrgi etir Gallu ┐ Niall, RC xvii 361.15 (Tig.), cf. AFM ii 804.5 . ¤fecht a naval expedition or hosting: muirḟecht secht fichet long di muinntir righ Gall, AU 848 = muirfheacht, AFM i 476.19 . See muiriucht. ¤fiach m. a sea-raven: i ndeilb muirfeich mair, Imr. Brain ii 291 (Laud) = i ndeilb segi mori .i. murrech, LU 1323. segha .i. muiriach (nó muirrech) mor, Imr. Brain ii 291 n. 3 . ¤gabál f. sea-faring (? coasting): gach port i tigeadh Ith i nErinn iar murghabhail na ntír i raibhe, BB 38b3 . ¤gabul m. an inlet of the sea. n p. muirgobuil, Ml. 45d12 . Of a river: scailed murgabla srotha Ligir `letting out an inlet of the river Loire', RC xv 434 ( Dinds. 43 ) = scaíled in murgabuil múaid | cos'tathig Ligir londglúair, Metr. Dinds. iii 194.9 . iar tuaslucud in murgabail i Torinis glain i tírib Fraṅc, LL 159b30 . ¤gae a sea-spear, harpoon: murgha, Lism. L. 1640. ¤galar m. sea-sickness: eabur re ndol ar fairrge . . . ┐ ni dén murgalar olc dhó, R.I.A. 23 K 42, 325.2 . ¤geilt m. ` a sea-lunatic'; a sea-fugitive or wanderer, term applied to the mermaid Lí Ban . Muirgeilt .i. geilt in mara, LU 3130. murgeilt, 3043 . murgelt, 3022 ( SG 235.28 ). in hoc anno capta est in Muirgelt for Tracht Ollarba . . . .i. Airiu ingen Eachach maic Muiredha, RC xvii 147.4 (Tig.) = in muirgheilt, AU 571 = an muirgelt .i. Liban, AFM i 200.10 . ¤geintlecht f. sea-sorcery, sea-magic: muirgheintleacht, Keat. Poems 695. ¤iasc m. sea-fish: tóla muiréisc maigrig, Metr. Dinds. iii 426.9 . ¤inis f. a sea-island , Laws iv 6.10 . ¤lán f. full tide: antí riasa ttraighedh an mhuirlán, ZCP x 4.8 . ¤linn f. sea-pool , poetic term for sea. ri dorigni muirlinn māir | os an ḟirmimint imṡlain, | in muirlinn aili is i in muir, SR 285 - 7 (see Gen. i 7 ). do mhuirlinn mara, Leb. Gab.(i) i 128.4 . ag muirlinn mhóir Chinn Mhaghair, Duan. F. i 32.18 . Muirtheimhne ón muirlinn, Keat. ii 1225 (poem). ¤loch a lagoon, salt-marsh: isin muirloch, gl. in salsuginem, Thes. i 6.8 (Southamp. Psalter). os murloch, Acall. 5924 n . ¤luachair f. sea reeds, sedge: firluachair ┐ murl., Laws i 172.16 Comm. ¤mag n. a sea-plain, salt marsh (?): im rasas do murmaige `for the crop (? cropping) of thy sea-march', Laws i 166.27 . ¤mesóc f.: ro gabsad muirmesoga mora do lar `great sea-acorns', RC xxvi 160 § 48. ¤míl m. a sea animal, fish: g s. eithre muirmhil , Lism. L. 2223. lomnan magair is muirmhil, Irish Texts ii 19 § 23. plag arna muirmilaib, BB 388b36 . As collective: amhlaid bit an muirmil hisin, Leb. Gab.(i) i 204.20 (of mermaids). ¤ṡeilche a sea-monster : muir druídechta ro baí fair co muirselche ann co n-aicniud súigthech leis, Comp. CC 36 § 34 (Toch. Em.) = Metr. Dinds. iv 294 . ¤técht: da ttí don leth thuaidhe, doghébha [m]uirtheucht cona tonnaibh ` rough sea ', ITS v 118.26 . muirtheucht, 120.9 . muirteachd ` unnavigable seas ', O'R. Poems Seems intended for: muir técht a congealed (i.e. frozen) sea (for m.¤ Técht as n. l. see muir). Cf. muir théacht `a viscid sea ', ITS xxiv 20.27 ; air muir dtéachtuidh, 126.3 . ¤torad m. sea-produce: mess ┐ claiss ┐ muirthorud, LU 10116 = murtorad, ZCP iii 229 § 1. a mes ┐ a murthorad . . . inna hindsi, Ériu iv 128 § 8. ag buain na femnuige ┐ in murthoraid olchena, Corm. Y 1059 (p. 92.19) . do tochaitheamh . . . mesa ┐ murtoraidh Erenn, Leb. Gab.(i) i 26.16 . murthoradh .i. toradh mara, O'Cl. ¤trácht m. sea-strand: murthracht, ZCP x 343.17 . dar muncind in múrtráchta, MacCongl. 37.3 . ¤tráig f. strand, beach: in murtraig, Lism. L. 1946. Occas. also in adjs. formed from nouns: eass . . . maigrech murbiastach ` sea-monsterful ', MR 104.13 . anfadh mara murbradanaigh, IT iii 71.6 = mulbratanaigh, ib. 3 ; `des seefischreichen Meeres', Bruchst. i § 34 .

B. Muir enters into composition of proper names: ¤bran ` sea-raven ', ZCP viii 328.20 . ¤chú ` sea-dog '; name of biographer of St. Patrick, RC xxvi 366. Muirchiu (sic), AU 827. g s. Murcon , AU 735. ¤mid: g s. Muirmhedho , AU 797. With adj.: Muirchertach, AU 527 , 926 (Muircertach). ¤gel (npr. f.?): Muirgel Manann, IT iii 34 § 9. co Muirgil, ib. Cf. also Murchad (m.¤ +cath).