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1 cacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cacht or dil.ie/7531
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: -a

n g s. -a.

(a) person in bondage, slave : admider de .uii. cachta cichside crissa, secht moda mogu (sic) fíthe mórgníma moghsaine I adjudge therefor seven slaves which girdles will encircle(?) (judgement of Sencha), O'D. 2204 (Nero A vii, 141b), cf. c.¤ .i. cumal nó innillt, ut est secht cachta cichsite crissu , O'Dav. 345 . admiudur de secht cactu (.vii. cumala, LB) cichsite crísu, Corm. Bodl. 16 (s.v. mann). c.¤ .i. cumal .i. bantraill, O'Mulc. 265 . c.¤ .i. cumhal, O'Cl.

(b) bond, fetter; bondage, captivity, confinement : manimthair c.¤ na cumrech, SR 1280 . di ócbáe . . . / alloeg fo gaile cachta, 5427 . dosrat fo chrúach cachta, 6739 . fofuctha i cachtaib co cían / is in carcair co Iosíaph, 3264 . Petar fo ch.¤ cuibrig, Gorm. 1 . mo máthair do brith a c.¤ , Ériu iv 98.2 . is comus cachta berar [for] uisque hi tirib Gréc `power of impounding', Dinds. 128 ( RC xvi 80 ). rogabta i cact they were taken prisoners, AU i 336.11 . Of sieges: rogabadh c.¤ foraib i mMaen Chonain they were besieged, AU i 374.13 . slogad la D. . . . do ch.¤ for Gallu Atha Cliath `to besiege', 458.4 . ar a n-gabtis c.¤ dicein fris in longport, 434.20 . ? Of impounding cattle: [g]aibiut baetha cachta indliged, Laws ii 76.19 . ? Of obligatory service: ni dleaghar . . . cáin na c.¤ , Leb. Cert. 124.16 . ? is indligthech do rig na tecmalla dail cachta do indechad in uilc, H 3.18, 249.13 . Note also: fo chléire cachta, SR 5991 . cléir chachta `band of bondmen', Metr. Dinds. iii 158.17 .

(c) In fig. and extended uses. Duress, hardship; asceticism : da raibh i ngalur no i c.¤ , Ériu xix 8 § 9 . dogné túaslucud cachtae (cachta MS.) `practise deliverance from bondage' (rule for holy life), Ériu i 198.5 . robu inmuin c.¤ (of the religious life), 138.13 . fiad na slógaib i sír-ch.¤ `trance', Metr. Dinds. iii 224.14 . Esp. of fasting : iar sirc.¤ in chorgis `after the long privations of Lent', Mon. Tall. 156.6 (§ 68) . iar mbuaid cravaidh is cacta, Ériu xix 12 § 4 . c.¤ .i. trosgadh, O'Cl. c.¤ .i. gorta, Lec. Gl. 291 . Stowe Gl. 267 .

Constraint, compulsion (almost equivalent to gess, Plummer MS. notes): ro gaib Fuaimnech . . . c.¤ for rigraid Teamrach cin digh cin biadh . . . co ro ícdais i dalta fria, O'Curry 2361 ( Eg. 88, 28 (29)a ). c.¤ do gabail for rigraid Erann, 2363 (ib.).

Of the body (regarded as a prison after the fall): lecid mo chorp . . . / inna ch.¤ cen chumscu[gu]d, SR 2058 . Perh. also nocon alaind mar atai / cid ardotralaid hi c.¤ ? 1307 . luid . . . asa ch.¤ (of the death of Colum C.), LU 653 . a alt a olcc / a ch.¤ a chorp, IT iii 84 § 75 . mo brig brig ro scaich a c.¤ , YBL 316b19 . Note also: Lugaid . . . / rocrīch a c.¤ / fo gné glaine . . . his life, ZCP xii 379.21 .

(d) Various: ós Charmun c.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 8.87 . ro cuiread in cath go c.¤ , Todd Nenn. lxix 23 ( BB 43b11 ). Cf. c.¤ common, general ; fa c.¤ generally , O'R.

Common in chevilles: a Christ cen ch.¤ , ZCP i 497.9 . rotfīa mo chen-sa cin c.¤ , vi 266 § 7 . búaid cen ch.¤ , LU 3753 ( SCC 54 ). bad adba chaingen can ch.¤ , SG 366.29 . Críst . . . mór da c.¤ , BS 32 . deoda in c.¤ , Fél. xxv § 7 . cialla c.¤ , SR 2335 . caṅgnib gleraib, gloraib c.¤ , 4569 . fo chucht c.¤ , 6169 . cuairt c.¤ , 6551 .

As n. pr. C.¤ mac Ilguine, ZCP viii 217 § 6 .

In n. loc. rí Cairn Chachta, LL 24089 .

Compd. cēsud do c[h]uirp c[h]achtbāin pale from bondage, ZCP viii 232 § 3 .

crechaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crechaid or dil.ie/12795
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: ro chrechaig

v ā (1 crech). ro chrechaig, LL 24029 .

(a) plunders, spoils, ravages : mór magh rocreach um a crodh, ZCP viii 227.14 . ram cenglatar ram crechsitar (of sins), Ir. Lit. 6.8 . do creachadh . . . / sinn, DDána 95.3 . ná creach a áit coimhnuighe = spoil not, Proverbs xxiv 15 .

(b) marks, sears, cauterises : ro crechad anís co crissu 'he has been tattooed from below to the waist' EIS 54 § 10 . firend .i. id bis im c[h]olpa niad in cuius uicem crechtir (sic leg.) id crechdha im c[h]olpa fer, Corm. Y § 586 . = feirenn .i. idbus imcolpdai fir incius uice crechthir id crechtha incholbdu amal nobith dinindile comdascach, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 309.20 . crectar ainnsein 'let it be cauterised then' Celtica xvii 115 § 1 . crech ainnsein 'then cauterise it' 116 § 9 .

1 cres

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cres or dil.ie/12868

adj [o, ā] expld. as narrow, slender, restricted : ced leth . . . / coslafe mo bachlach cress, Auraic. 5365 ( LL 5172 ) = cosluidfea mo cobhlach creas `narrow fleet', 1603 ( BB 328b39 ). ? domidiur de / secht cachtu cíchsidi crissu `slender', Corm. Trans. 110.9 cited O'Dav. 345 . nī bo c.¤ nach cinēl duit `in want', Fianaig. 16.8 . nirbu c.¤ coicne / coimchnis brāithre, Corp. Gen. 4.17 . cuig bha gach natha nada c.¤ , Ériu xiii 27.8 = cuig ba . . na dicress, Laws v 62.24 Comm. .i. caol, O'Dav. 476 . creas .i. cumhang, O'Cl. dún Cermna nad chress celar, LL 2151 . In a variety of chevilles: nad-chres, SR 1191 . 3059 . 3529 . luadh nad creas, ZCP xiv 161.6 . clú nad cress, Metr. Dinds. iv 92.15 . slicht nad chress, Hib. Min. 40.9 . Inber Cíchmaine, cid cress `though it be narrow', Metr. Dinds. iv 176.1 . Duma nEirc, ní haichde cress `no narrow work', i 46.21 cited as c.¤ .i. cumung ut est duma nEirc, ni haighi c.¤ , O'Curry 1177 ( H 3.18, 467 ).

As subst.: crothsait cress ṁbodbae `sie erschütterten ein Kriegsgedränge', Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 20.23 . feruid in coil imma cress / a mes `around its narrowness', K. and H. 9 .