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1 cacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cacht or dil.ie/7531
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: -a

n g s. -a.

(a) person in bondage, slave : admider de .uii. cachta cichside crissa, secht moda mogu (sic) fíthe mórgníma moghsaine I adjudge therefor seven slaves which girdles will encircle(?) (judgement of Sencha), O'D. 2204 (Nero A vii, 141b), cf. c.¤ .i. cumal nó innillt, ut est secht cachta cichsite crissu, O'Dav. 345 . admiudur de secht cactu (.vii. cumala, LB) cichsite crísu , Corm. Bodl. 16 (s.v. mann). c.¤ .i. cumal .i. bantraill, O'Mulc. 265 . c.¤ .i. cumhal, O'Cl.

(b) bond, fetter; bondage, captivity, confinement : manimthair c.¤ na cumrech, SR 1280 . di ócbáe . . . / alloeg fo gaile cachta, 5427 . dosrat fo chrúach cachta, 6739 . fofuctha i cachtaib co cían / is in carcair co Iosíaph, 3264 . Petar fo ch.¤ cuibrig, Gorm. 1 . mo máthair do brith a c.¤ , Ériu iv 98.2 . is comus cachta berar [for] uisque hi tirib Gréc `power of impounding', Dinds. 128 ( RC xvi 80 ). rogabta i cact they were taken prisoners, AU i 336.11 . Of sieges: rogabadh c.¤ foraib i mMaen Chonain they were besieged, AU i 374.13 . slogad la D. . . . do ch.¤ for Gallu Atha Cliath `to besiege', 458.4 . ar a n-gabtis c.¤ dicein fris in longport, 434.20 . ? Of impounding cattle: [g]aibiut baetha cachta indliged, Laws ii 76.19 . ? Of obligatory service: ni dleaghar . . . cáin na c.¤ , Leb. Cert. 124.16 . ? is indligthech do rig na tecmalla dail cachta do indechad in uilc, H 3.18, 249.13 . Note also: fo chléire cachta, SR 5991 . cléir chachta `band of bondmen', Metr. Dinds. iii 158.17 .

(c) In fig. and extended uses. Duress, hardship; asceticism : da raibh i ngalur no i c.¤ , Ériu xix 8 § 9 . dogné túaslucud cachtae (cachta MS.) `practise deliverance from bondage' (rule for holy life), Ériu i 198.5 . robu inmuin c.¤ (of the religious life), 138.13 . fiad na slógaib i sír-ch.¤ `trance', Metr. Dinds. iii 224.14 . Esp. of fasting : iar sirc.¤ in chorgis `after the long privations of Lent', Mon. Tall. 156.6 (§ 68) . iar mbuaid cravaidh is cacta, Ériu xix 12 § 4 . c.¤ .i. trosgadh, O'Cl. c.¤ .i. gorta, Lec. Gl. 291 . Stowe Gl. 267 .

Constraint, compulsion (almost equivalent to gess, Plummer MS. notes): ro gaib Fuaimnech . . . c.¤ for rigraid Teamrach cin digh cin biadh . . . co ro ícdais i dalta fria, O'Curry 2361 ( Eg. 88, 28 (29)a ). c.¤ do gabail for rigraid Erann, 2363 (ib.).

Of the body (regarded as a prison after the fall): lecid mo chorp . . . / inna ch.¤ cen chumscu[gu]d, SR 2058 . Perh. also nocon alaind mar atai / cid ardotralaid hi c.¤ ? 1307 . luid . . . asa ch.¤ (of the death of Colum C.), LU 653 . a alt a olcc / a ch.¤ a chorp, IT iii 84 § 75 . mo brig brig ro scaich a c.¤ , YBL 316b19 . Note also: Lugaid . . . / rocrīch a c.¤ / fo gné glaine . . . his life, ZCP xii 379.21 .

(d) Various: ós Charmun c.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 8.87 . ro cuiread in cath go c.¤ , Todd Nenn. lxix 23 ( BB 43b11 ). Cf. c.¤ common, general ; fa c.¤ generally , O'R.

Common in chevilles: a Christ cen ch.¤ , ZCP i 497.9 . rotfīa mo chen-sa cin c.¤ , vi 266 § 7 . búaid cen ch.¤ , LU 3753 ( SCC 54 ). bad adba chaingen can ch.¤ , SG 366.29 . Críst . . . mór da c.¤ , BS 32 . deoda in c.¤ , Fél. xxv § 7 . cialla c.¤ , SR 2335 . caṅgnib gleraib, gloraib c.¤ , 4569 . fo chucht c.¤ , 6169 . cuairt c.¤ , 6551 .

As n. pr. C.¤ mac Ilguine, ZCP viii 217 § 6 .

In n. loc. rí Cairn Chachta, LL 24089 .

Compd. cēsud do c[h]uirp c[h]achtbāin pale from bondage, ZCP viii 232 § 3 .

cris

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cris or dil.ie/12975
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: c., creassanna

n u, m. c.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 71 . a p. creassanna, Maund. 78 . girdle, belt; hoop : criss fírinne immib gl. succincti . . . in ueritate, Wb. 22d16 . a llibair ina criss, Trip.² 808 . in-gille cressa cach occ-airech `part-pledge of the girdle' (legal force obscure), Laws v 416.7 . lan-gille cressa cach ri, 16 . móethoclaech . . . co nda c.¤ derca tairis, LU 3455 ( SCC 23 ) `circles', SGS vii 56 . c.¤ fó braigit ┐ c.¤ dara mhedhon `circle' (Lugaid Réo nDerg), Cóir Anm. 105 . dlochtan cremha a criss, IT iii 82.21 . ac.¤ gan scín (term of opprobrium), 70.4 . i llathachaib . . . connice a cressa, LU 2180 . ? secht cactu cichsite crisu , Corm. Bodl. 16 . nocho tall c.¤ na delg dib, Anecd. i 5.24 ( SCano 145 ) `did not undress', Éigse xi 78 . claidib cressa `girded swords', Metr. Dinds. iii 382.7 . teini creasa, Ériu i 95 § 50 (see 1 teine). is nathir i c.¤ (of envy), ZCP vi 267 § 5 . a cressa dar a n-áirnib their loins girt, PH 5103 . maeth mo chreasa-sa `my loins', BS 94.22 . co tríb creassaib dég dergóir forsna hanartaib `sashes(?)', Celtica iv 32.434 . do ch.¤ cáol geltais, IGT Decl. ex. 548 . c.¤ tribhuis gl. lumbarium, Ir. Gl. 706 (cf. Rosa Angl. 274.17 ). a náit an chreasa, go mbía reúbadh = instead of a girdle a rent, Isaiah iii 24 . dleghur cris cengail do cur tairis, Irish Texts v 44.32 . do cengladh le crios cengail swaddling clothes, RSClára 7a . ic ecur a airthossaig di chressaib . . . cruaidíairn (of a ship) hoops, LL 30953 (TTr.). dabhach chreas nodondbhán ndlúith, IGT Decl. ex. 1547 . ? húa treibh Conaill cressaibh, ZCP viii 198.20 .

In religious contexts: ó dogabh crios fa a colainn (i.e. since she became a nun), ZCP i 62 § 45 . c.¤ finnáin dumimdegail, RC ii 113.1 . a ccommbrāithreas chreasa S. Phroinsias, Parrth. Anma 3807 .

Of zones of earth and heavens: hi cressaib . . . na secht nime, Ériu ii 110.9 . SR 152 . rofessa i curp domuin dúir / cóic cressa caíne comthúir, LL 16161 . do'n chrios grianda, dá ngairthear `Zodiacus', Keat. i 130.9 . ó crichaib in cresa tentidhe, CCath. 291 . Further applications: ós chrios criad (of castle), DDána 119.19 . ? cresa tar faichti d'fál chuir `enclosures', O'Gr. Cat. 374.y . Fig. tar creasaibh an dualgasa `limits', Ó Bruad. iii 174.19 . na dronga sin d'iompuigh cúl re creasaibh córa `zones of equity', 114.1 .

In prep. and adv. phrases: Ailend . . . / fail mór flathi fo a crius it contains(?), Hail Brigit 7 . C.C. ina crius `in its bosom', ibid. mór ferg meic Cherfhaill fá crios internally(?), SG 69.9 . See s.v. 1 coim . —atát mobrathir latsu. —nim-chriss atát I am not concealing them(?), RC viii 58.x . do bhaoi 'n-a chrios concealed at his waist, DDána 67.11 . toitid marb gan anmain i c.¤ a sceith `on his shield'(?) (with his shield-strap round him?), Aen. 2553 . for c.¤ a sceith, 2561 . ? mac on rí . . . a crios, Rel. Celt. ii 274.y ` i.e. coffin'.

In pn sobriquet: Fiacha Crisse (sic) Argait, Corp. Gen. 394.14 . Feidlimthe C.¤ Argaid, 23 . Cf. Crios díona Christina, IGT Decl. § 155 .

Compds. With adjj. a chloidhiomh . . . cros-ordha, crios-amhlach `gold-guarded and girded', MR xiv 25 . isin chuan criosleathan wide-circling , Ériu viii 139.6 . ? at salaig úantaind / at húanaind chrisalaig (c.¤ + salach ?), LU 8362 ( FB 24 rhetoric ). In n. pr. m. for Crissalach, ZCP xii 236 § 54 . na thor ḟíthi chrisúr chuir, IGT Decl. ex. 909 .