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ainnsile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainnsile or dil.ie/1494

 

n f. (Engl. loanword) handsel, earnest-money, first payment: eatal aithmhéile . . . do thabhairt mar ainsile do Dhia i n-íoc a n-uilc as earnest-money(?), TSh. 7843 . sgéala . . . / déara uaim 'n-a n-a.¤ , DDána 77.12 . do chailleadh . . . caitheamh aimsire a sluagh sain / truagh an a.¤ d'Eallaibh sad the presage, 73.9 . ag so i bhfroighibh na fighe / an cruinne ar gcor ainsile `the first attack on us', Aithd. D. 50.15 . glantar tairrsighe Teamhra / d'aindsile bhar n-oileamhna in preparation for, IGT Decl. ex. 1413 .

1 ais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ais or dil.ie/2466

 

n back, hinder part: for a.¤ in slebe on the ridge of the mountain, RC v 200 § 12 (cf. a .i. cnoc, O'Cl.). ? do treabaidh a.¤ na muire, Leb. Gab.(i) 36.11 . Cf. colla tha.¤ be off, Mon. Tall. 130.12

Frequ. in phrases with prepp., with or without poss. referring to accompanying noun or subj. of verb.

With AR, FOR: dena coinmed cruaid do shlūaig ar cech aiss (: tais) `on every side', KMMisc. 262.2 ar cach a.¤ co roicher Róim (: mhais) that somehow or other I may reach R., SG 29.34 . ar a.¤ back: tērnoidhiss ar a.¤ , Fl. Earls 130.33 . miana an chuirp do chur ar a.¤ to drive back, Dán Dé xix 8 . an séad-sain ar a.¤ d'fhagháil to get back, DDána 102.33 . do bhuain na hinghine ar a.¤ `to recover the maiden', TD 20.51 . ar a.¤ ní fhuighbheam do mhóid /cóig glais muna fhuilngeam uaid `I shall not set back Thy anger', Dán Dé ix 3 . With poss.: luid S. for a a.¤ S. went back, Trip. ii 394.17 . tángadar ar a n-a.¤ , Maguires of F. 22 .

With FRI: a.¤ re ha.¤ together, DDána 90.14, 38.10 . Frequ. in phr. gaibid fri ha.¤ (fria a.¤). Prob. in literal sense in: ra gab-sum a charpat re aiss he took his chariot on his back, TBC-LL¹ 6048 = fria ais, TBC-I¹ 3622 . In later lang. sets about, undertakes, takes over, takes charge of: crann snais do char ar mo cheanaibh / gabh ret a.¤ 'n-a aghaidh `set about plying an adze on my sins', PBocht 4 § 36 . g abhaim re ha.¤ clódh do ghníomh, Content. xxvii 12 . gabhaidh (sic leg.) re a.¤ . . . gach neach takes charge of, Dán Dé xiv 5 . cia ghabhas m'anmain ré a.¤ `who will take charge of my soul?' iv 1 . aire rogab ainm ria a.¤/ara altrom a Cromglais therefore he took the name, RC xvii 150.14 (Tig.). a leigheas ní ghéabh rem a.¤ I shall not undertake, Dánfhocail 210 . doghabh ré a a.¤ cádhas ┐ onóir do thabhairt don fhír-Dhia, Keat. ii 5370 . rogabh re a.¤ nach ligfedh aenduine tairis isin conuir, ZCP vi 56.9 ro gabh fein an oifficc sin fri a a.¤ , AFM vi 2020.5 . Note also: ro chuiredar ra haiss aris she is sent back again, LL 7482 .

Further uses (in some exx. in literal sense): dambeir ria aiss tarsin n-uisci he brings it on his back (brings it with him?), TBFr. 216 . mo dhuanaire tabhair ret a.¤ bring along with you, Studies 1923, 598 § 5 . Rí na hinogbála cona chroich . . . re a.¤ carrying His cross, RC xxviii 316 § 24 . an chroch d'iomchur ré a.¤ féin / do Chríosd dob éigin ei-séin, Dán Dé xx 22 . go n-iomchram an chroich ret a.¤ along with you, Aithd. D. 92.17 . fuarusa re ha.¤ an fhir / seal dob áoibhne dárbh fhéidir by his side . . ., Studies, 1918, 452 § 8 . fuireann d'fhíoruaislibh a chúigidh féin re ha.¤ gach ríogh dhíobh together with, Keat. iii 571 . re ha.¤ gcearcaill na cruinne in addition to the circle of the universe, Studies 1918, 281 § 12 . Cf. in dan Laidni ata uaidh le hais na bethadh do scriobh i Laidin follows (goes with?), Mart. Don. xxv 9 . ria a.¤ in addition, Leb. Cert. 32.z .

With TAR. Usually with possessive: ro chachain . . . laíd dó dara a.¤ over his shoulder, LU 6789 . fil suil ṅglais / fégbas Erinn dara ha.¤ , 308 . ro-ling isin carpat īar cūl C. co rragab a chenn dara aiss seized his head from behind (him), Sc.M² 20 . co rop ar m'agid sair toethus ┐ na rap dar m-aiss síar backwards, TBC-LL¹ 2310 . co torchair faon fortarrsna dara a.¤ isin luing, RC x 185.22 . trilis tara haiss síar over her back, LU 4519 (TBC). rolā a moing dar a ha.¤ , Fianaig. 16 § 43 . ní racha sibh tar bur n-a.¤ you will not go back, Fier. 79 . ni tiucfa beó tar th'a.¤ as súd `thou wilt not come back alive', ZCP vi 72.30 . na huili uisci do dhul ina certinadh . . . féin tarana.¤ arís, RC xxviii 310 § 3 . ros-láset ind ḟairend daranaiss behind them (oppd. to arambelaib), LL 219b34 ( TTr. 192 ). Without poss. cuirfe tar a.¤ a n-iomshníomh you will dispel their anxiety, DDána 74.57 . fógairthear tar a.¤ na huile `wrongs are repealed', TD 32.67 . iar dteacht tar a.¤ do Dhiarmaid, Keat. iii 2160 . nach féidir gairm thar a.¤ do dheunamh air cheachtar don dá bhreitheamhnas to revoke, Donlevy 186.21 . In phr. druim tar a.¤ (falling) over backwards, head over heels, upside down: co tarrla druim tar a.¤ dochum in tsrotha, RC vi 177.108 . an long d'impodh druim tara.¤ capsized , ZCP vi 294.20 . cuirfid se in cride druim tar a.¤ , PH 7798 . do theilgis mo ráitte-se druim tar a.¤ = retrorsum, TSh. 1596 . Note also: bid dál ḟota hí ni ba dál dar aiss (: brais) (of Doomsday), LL 307a10 ( SG 386.20 ).

aistechas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aistechas or dil.ie/2518

 

n (aistech): tre ar chuir do aisdeachas ar aicmeadhoibh na cruinne `which brought such vicissitude on the races of the world', Hy Fiach. 174.19 .

1 ar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ar or dil.ie/3902

 

Forms: ar, air, er, eir, air, er, ar, arin,, airind, air, airnaib, armo, aire, aratobarr, arandéntar, arambiat, ara, armbad, ara, arindepur, aridlabrathar, arna, áirium, erum, erumm, erom, erut, ærut, airiut, airut, airiut, aurut, airiu, airi, airi, erre, airri, airre, airthe, erunn, erund, erond, airiund, airriun, airund, airib, airibsi, airiubsi, airiuibsi, eruibsi, erru, erriu, erro, airriu, airiu, erthu, airthiu, airtho, airib, airaib, or(u)m, or(u)t, air, uirre, orainn, oirinn, oraib, orru, orrtha

prep., leniting, with accus. and dat. See GOI § 823 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 150 , Frazer, ZCP viii 5 , Williams, Celtica ii 305 ; IGT Introd. § 130 .

Usually spelt ar. air, Ml. 51c2 , 2d2 ; er, 122a16 , BB 449a10 ; eir, Ériu iv 180 § 39 . The spellings air, er, etc. (more freq. in later lang.) and the modern pronunciation show that O. Ir. ar as simple prep.was replaced by a conflation of airi and fo(i)r (3 s. n. of 1 ar and 1 for).

In Mid. Ir. 1 for and 1 íar are frequently spelt ar. See III, IV below and the articles on these words.

With article arin, -int, -a, etc. Note also airind, Ml. 31b17 , air ind, 53a15 . arndi (= arindí), Ériu vii 138.4 . airnaib, Ml. 110d9 .

With poss. armo (m'), -do (t'), -a, -ar, -far (-bar) etc. Note also ar mh'éigse, Content. ix 26 . aire slicht, L. Chl. S. 2 .

With rel. part. ara: aratobarr, Wb. 12d29 . arandéntar, 2a10 . cid arambiat , Ml. 56b9 . ara n-eperr, Críth G. 1 . With copula: cid armbad , Wb. 11a19 . cidar impotabis, Ml. 56a13 . cid arnabu son, ib. ardott áigthe, LU 5656 = arṅdotāigi, TBC-I¹ 1178 (taking áigthi as vbl. of necess.). ara trēn, ACL iii 239 § 32 . ara n-amra, ZCP vii 312 § 26 . Before inf. pron. arindepur, Wb. 5a31 . aridlabrathar, 7d2 . With neg. arna airecht, Sg. 198b3 . arnach faca, ZCP xiii 169.13 .

With pron. suff. Early forms. 1 s. áirium, Wb. 7a12 . erum, LL 286a25 . erumm, PH 1397 . erom, 1503 . 2 s. erut, Wb. 27d19 , 29d7 , YBL 326b42 , PH 6565 . ærut, Ml. 2d8 . airiut, Blathm. 569 , LL 289b30 . airut, LU 8086 . GOI § 437 also gives airiut, aurut without reff. as `old forms which occur only in later sources' ( p. 272 ). 3 s. m. and n. GOI § 437 gives airiu as the dat. form (cf. airiu, O'Dav. 22 ?), airi as the accus. airi is the usual form passim in the early language. Cf. áiri, Wb. 11b21 . f. (accus. and dat. not distinguished) erre, Irish Texts i 3 § 8 (sic MS. See Ir. Hist. Stud. i 347 ). airri, SR 405 (emended to airre, GOI § 437 ). airthe, LL 286a7 . 1 pl. erunn, Wb. 15d13 , Ériu ii 124 § 65 . erund, LU 597 . erond, 588 . airiund, TBC-I¹ 170 . airriun, ZCP xi 110 § 26 . airund, LU 593 . 2 pl. airib, Wb. 20a3 , 22d25 , 27c19 , Metr. Dinds. iv 232.33 . airibsi, Wb. 14d25 , a33 , 16a26 . airiubsi, 15c1 , 17a5 . airiuibsi, 16c23 . eruibsi, 27d7 . Ml. 2a11 . 3 pl. acc. erru, Wb. 4d20 , 11a29 ; ZCP ii 315.26 . erriu, Wb. 9c8 , 11a20 . erro, LL 289b30 . airriu, Wb. 15a23 , 21d11 , O'Dav. 985 . airiu, Wb. 11d11 , Laws iv 176.7 . erthu, LL 280a1 . RC viii 154 § 5 . airthiu, LU 4915 . ZCP viii 310.22 . airtho, TBC-I¹ 409 . dat. airib, Laws iv 162.2 . airaib, 114.21 Comm.

In later lang. all pronominal forms influenced by those of for, giving or(u)m, or(u)t, air, uirre (uirthe), orainn (oirn. oirinn, O'Gr. Cat. 556.25 ), oraib ( oirb, BColm. 100.3 ), orru (orra, orrtha), etc.

The presumed distinction between ar with accus. when motion is implied and with dat. when no motion is implied ( Zeuss 622 ; with reservations Vendryes Gramm. § 283 ; see also Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 73 - 74 , Williams loc. cit.) appears most clearly in the stereotyped phrases ar chenn towards, ar chiunn ahead of, before (see 1 cenn): ar beolu towards, ar bélaib before, in front of (see bél). The dat. is usual in ar cach láu daily (see ) and in ar thosuch ( Sg. 203a7 , see tosach). Usage is less clear outside fixed phrases, and that of the various collections of O. Ir. glosses differs (the available material is also much reduced by the frequent identity of form of a s. and d s. of nouns). The accus. is regular in Wb. in senses of taking away from and counting as , and also in glosses on Lat. ob, the dat. where the meaning is with regard to, instead of and in glosses on Lat. super. Both cases are found where the meaning is for the sake of, because of . In Ml. accus. is constant only in set phrases. The dat. is usual in meaning counts as , do-beir ar (for?) calls and in glosses on Lat. dat. without preposition (ar gentib gl. gentibus, 78a12 , 89c2 ) and where a Lat. compd. noun is treated as two words (arintinmlegun gl. promulgatione, 71c18 ). In general use the meanings saving from, instead of, in meaning of, in return for, on account of, because of, for the sake of, for the purpose of are all found both with accus. and dat. In Sg. the meanings instead of and on account of are found with both cases. See also IGT Introd. § 130 , Bard. Synt. Tr. 2 - 4 , 17 , 20 (where detailed rules are given for accus. and dat. both with simple ar and for compd. preps. such as ar aghaidh, etc.).

I

(a) Much less freq. in concrete or physical meanings than in more abstract ones. Perh. before, in front of in (case of follg. noun not certain): dá [n]dorus [n-]and, comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu (-e, MS.) `in front of' (Gloss.), Críth G. 100 . ar Tuatha Dé Danann `before the T.D.D.', Ériu xii 152 § 15 (TE). cethridoruis airri (recte airre) im-mach, SR 405 . ó beit fíanna fer nÉrenn ┐ Alban do Chonaire ar thig, BDD² 1416 . Cf. 1081 , 1400 , 1492 . ? airiu . . . iarmo in front of it . . . behind it(?), O'Dav. 22 . Cf. airber .i. frit anair bere .i. eter do dī lāim, ar is fort muin bere ere [n-]aile, Corm. Y 58 . Acc. to Binchy, SCano p. 33 , frequent in meaning east of, the only example cited being: acon loch ar Mag Aí `by the lake east of Mag Aí', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 § 2 (`on'). Cf. Airbri .i. fri Bri Eli anair, O'Mulc. 70 = Dinds. 16 ( RC xv 308 ). ? a nAicill ar Temair, Anecd. i 17.1 . Cf. perh. Síd ar Femin, LU 7846 ( BDD 140 ), etc. (or for al?). Perh. orig. with concrete force also in: do té(i)t aitire ar ḟer feras in fuil, Críth G. 52 `goes surety for', Gloss. Concrete meaning is perh. also to be assumed in the phrases agaid ar (late, orig. for?), ar agaid, ar amus, ar beolu, ar bélaib, bél ar bél, ar chenn, ar chiunn, ar dorus, ar dreich, ar fed, ar gnúis, ar leth, ar medón, ar ṡúil, ar thosuch, ar thús, ar úairib. See under the nouns concerned. With more abstract force in ar aí, ar apu (see 3 aí, 1 apa). Here may also be included: doire acummisc arúir `of their being mixed with mould', Wb. 13d3 . úachtar ar lemlacht dó mixed with, Críth G. 63 . loim midc do chumasc ar usciu `to mix a sip of whey with water', Mon. Tall. 143.25 . ba fial ṅdō buith arnaib ōcaib, cēin dogēni calma among, TBC-I¹ 1266 = LU 5739 . ? tiucfa in mac cētna ar bar cloind, ZCP viii 563 § 27 (for?). Perh. for for in: ó fó-certa a ṡrúb ar géscoe against a branch, BDD² 349 (= ar gésce, 355 ). conadh ar x. míli cathrach do shiublaighdis techta Magnuis Cam . . . ō maduin co fescor `to ten thousand cities', Marco P. 96 .

Rarely of time. See ariu before .

(b) In the follg. exx. the meaning is also more or less concr., though the precise meaning of the prep.is obscure, and it would be possible to consider them as early exx. of the replacing of for by ar (see III, and fo-ceird III): arnarala for cubus áiri, Wb. 11b21 (see note). Cf. focheird mo menma airi `my mind is set on him', Ériu ii 92 § 2 . ón lá tarrla ar n-airi air, iv 220.27 . torala dia archeill do degnimu su `let God bring to mind thy good deeds', Ml. 43b15 . iscor lame ardodced buith ocairbiathad sainte gl. nam qui volunt divites f[i]eri, incidunt in temptationem, Wb. 29b18 . ? Cf. ni comarleiced (.i. nir cetaig) dó cor lamha aire (.i. dul do sacarbhaic) cin foghlaim, Trip.² 243 . mabeidní dirúnaib dothéi armenmuin indfir, Wb. 13a12 . Note also: arnaib réib ilib gl. et qui ascendit super omnes caelos, 22a8 .

(c) In compd. numerals (with dat., see Celtica ii 312 ): a n-óen ar fichit (fichet, MS) the twenty-one, Ml. 2d2 . cóic míli ochtmugat ar chét one hundred and eighty five thousand, 34b17 . a ocht deac ar chét, BCr. 32d2 . deichinbair ar dib fichtib ar trib cétaib, Trip.² 3104 . secht cathae ar chetharchait / ar secht cétaib is huilliu, ZCP viii 313.34 . cōicer ar ceithri fichtib, 219.29 . fer ar sheisir seven men, Celt. Rev. x 348.23 . fri re tri n-aidhche ar mís, RC xviii 162.32 . Note also: tāinic buiden mōr . . . dōig lim is ar trichaid cēt inti approximately(?), TBC-I¹ 3142 (text perh. faulty).

II In a wide variety of abstract meanings for the most part deriving independently from those given under I.

(a) for, for the sake of, on behalf of, etc. (often gl. Lat. pro) (with accus. and dat. See Celtica ii 309 ): cia dudrigni dia mór di maith erriu, Wb. 11a20 . innahí dorigeni Día ar maccu Israhel, 30 . mirabilia dorígeni Dia ar maccaib Israhel, 28 . massu arinbethid . . . dagníu, 13c11 . mor ní as dénti ní airriu, 15a23 (in sense of mod. déanaim rud ar I obey, see Thes. Suppl. 51 ). niarséuti . . . robcarsi tíamthe, 23d4 . ar erchru gl. pro defectu, Ml. 31a4 . dusrigeni dia erru amal robu thol doib, 54a34 . fri assaru ar maccu israhel gl. rerum gestarum (testimonio), 94d2 . ara bǽsaib som .i. ar denum a thule gl. pro suis ritibus laborantes, 87b20 . a ndorigēnai in rí / do ḟertaib ar ṡanct Brigti, Thes. ii 332.4 (Hy. v). or ar Bran nailither, 286.34 (inscr.). lānamain . . . nī fil etarscarad dōib acht ar Dia, Corm. Y 824 . léicfider cach bean do mnáib airiut thou wilt be preferred to all other women, BDD² 59 . ar ghaol for the sake of relationship, Studies 1918, 99 § 15 . dorindedh mainistreacha ┐ sepeil le ar anmain Gyi `for the soul of G.' ZCP vi 90.11 . See also under meince, 1 pairt. Freq. in sense of (praying) for, see airnigde, guide, guidid, oráit.

(b) for the sake of, by in adjurations and invocations: dilig dam . . . / ar Maire n-amra n-Ingin, SR 7820 . ar do chumachtae . . . tesaircc dam-sa mo chūrcha, BColm. 54.3 . ar do thrīnōiteacht, a Thrīnōit, ACL iii 241 § 2 . ar t'fhírinni riutsa, na furáil etc. by thy honour, CCath. 1659 . ar na deib rib, TTebe 4025 . síol Ádhaimh . . . / ar do thocht díobh slánaigh sinn, Dán Dé ix 22 .

(c) on account of, because of (with accus. and dat. Glossing Latin ob, pro, propter): ar ar comoicsi do bás on account of, Wb. 14b25 . aracethardese gl. quam ob causam, 31b24 . ob mirationem .i. airinn adamrugud, Ml. 61a15 . ar chosmaili ind fochuinn diaragbtha gl. causae uicinitate, 35b24 . ar ét im chrabud gl. pro zelo religionis, 36d24 . arna lithu gl. propter cultús diuini festa, 47b2 . arna pecthu immefolngat guasacht do anmin gl. propter animae pericula, 7 . cid arnaibhisiu .i. arnaib hi forodamarsa gl. ob ista, 58d13 . ní ar pianaib do thabairt forru `not on account of the infliction of punishments upon them', 114b7 . ara foirbthetu fadesin, Wb. 6c19 . tocombaig a ṡlán ara ḟornert because of, Críth G. 415 . ar ṡóethaib because of grievances, 581 . ar ilar a imarbus, ZCP viii 104.7 . Corco Bāiscind ar a nert / nī damaid cert d'Eoganacht, v 500.16 .

With a variety of nouns in more or less stereotyped phrases: ar na h-ádhbharaibh sin for those reasons, ML 58.11 . ar[a] airmitin som through respect for him, Ériu iv 30.23 . ar t'ḟuath, i 97.32 . ni diles ni doberar ar uathbas `nothing is lawful which is given out of terror', Laws iv 286.25 . See also under áis, cairde, 1 cúis, 1 écndairc, éicen, ecla, 1 gart, midlachas, miscais, omun, sant, serc, úacht, etc.

Common with abstr. nouns from adjj. in the construction: nīr fētatar a tōcbāil ar a truma because of her weight = because she was so heavy, Anecd. iii 9.8 . ar dúire a drochdelba, Ériu iv 102.16 . ar ḟebus na cuidechtae because the company was so excellent, BColm. 78.18 . ar a laechdacht, ZCP viii 318.12 . ar cumga in puill nír féd dul amach, Ériu v 49.7 . in senadh ic á adhradh ar a uaisle, CCath. 334 . ar ghoire do ghaoil, Dán Dé xi 11 . Without poss. or gen.: cona tisa . . . in dam tarais ar airdi (a fence), Laws iv 76.19 Comm.

Freq. in advv.and conjj. in O. Ir. glosses. 3 s. n. as adv. on account of it, therefore: fristemlighter cid ind aier airi, Ml. 73c2 . ni bad pronomen airi, Sg. 203b2 . isairi doroigu dia geinti hore . . . this is why . . . because, Wb. 5b12 . is airi inso rogabad som hi rige, Ml. 14a4 . cinid airi doberr desimrecht acht ar atrebthach nand, Sg. 35b13 . With article and i: arindi gl. eo, Sg. 190a4 . ni arindí . . . sed quia not because . . . but because, 5a4 . arindisin gl. ei, Ml. 54c6 . arndi furumai sár for cach toil, Ériu vii 138.3 . With se: ní nád ṁbed arse di chorp gl. ideo, Wb. 12a22 . arse gl. ob hoc, Ml. 18d15 , gl. qua re, 29d1 . isarse gl. quo circa, Enchir. Aug. 70b , 81b ( ZCP vii 480 , 484 ). airechas ceneóil airsiu (leg. airsin? edd. airriu, Ped. MS Index to Wb. glosses) ní airechas fidei, Wb. 1b12 . Later: air sin on account of that, CCath. 2350 . Note also: ar a smuaintighib do beith . . . a mbeat[h]aidh an tigerna so that his thoughts might be in, etc., BCC § 5 (cf. ara).

(d) instead of, in place of, as substitute for, in meaning of (meaning confined to O. Ir. glosses. With dat., occas. with accus.): arnab geintib huilib taken as referring to all the Gentiles gl. Iudeos et Grecos omnes, Wb. 2a15 . foirbthe ar anfoirbthu gl. decem milia, a perfect (number) for an imperfect, 9a10 . corda .i. arin duiniu huli lesom gl. a parte totum, Ml. 53a2 . todochide ar sechmadachtae n-anfoirbthe gl. commotatio . . . temporum `future for imperfect', 62a16 . arnaib bolcaib gl. pro uesicis, 99a4 . fogur cechtar de ar alaliu ┐ fogur na liter naile airriusom, Sg. 4a8 . ni roscríbad ar naill (leg. ar na aill, edd.), 6b3 . a ṡuidigud ar anmmaimm dílius, 27a1 .

Often with as-beir, do-beir etc.: dobeir inso arnab uilib cumactib gl. supra omnem principatum et potestatem et uirtutem et dominationem, Wb. 21a13 . epert innan (MS. inna) aisndisen arnaib gnimaib gl. dicit autem non quia talia locuti sunt Scribae . . . sed quia talia fecerint, Ml. 16d3 . a ndurigni duaid in gnim sin in tengad do airbirt ar gnimaib in choirp, 31b24 . intan asmbersom pes ┐ manus nochis arnaib gnimaib són dungniat som honaib ballaib hisin atbeirsom, 56b3 . tri suidigud dosom inna cluas arin chorp huiliu, 60b16 . arnaib fedaib sonartaib ardaib gl. pro terribilibus arbustís cedros possuit, 146a6 .

The idiom ad-rími ar counts as (with accus. and dat.) is prob. to be assigned to this section: ní ármisom ar chumactte, Wb. 6a1 . cenid ar chomsuidigthib adrímther inna fortórmach so, Sg. 202a5 . See ad-rími. With LA: petra les arin trediusa sís he takes petra as standing for, Ml. 60a7 . in loc lesom híc arnaib aitrebthidib gl. a loco habitatores intellegite, 144c3 .

(e) in return for, in exchange for, as price of, in payment for, as equivalent of (with accus.): airitiu lóge ar mo precept in return for, Wb. 10d31 . rotbīa a lōg airi you shall have a reward for it, TBC-I¹ 585 . is lá cach(a) tíre do-tét dlega(i)r aire `is due for it', Ériu xvii 70.4 . Freq. do-beir lóg etc. ar: ainm indlóge doberr domiledaib armílte, Wb. 3c1 . intan dobera Dia fochraicci ar degnimu, Ml. 90c14 . screpul doberar do gilli . . . ar comaitecht do neuch o pecad `a groat that is given to a lad for accompanying someone in a sin', Mon. Tall. 143.9 . nī tibur-so in tinnscra sin(ee) cid ar Meidb C. feissin I wouldn't give a brideprice like that for M. herself, ZCP iv 39.7 (cf. TBFr. 185 ). ní conrogab terochraic . . . ar forbrissiud fir truaig `reward for oppressing a wretched man', Ml. 36a32 . ni riat na dánu diadi ara n-indeb domunde sell for, Wb. 28c2 . ríthæ . . . ar ech ndonn, Thes. ii 240.1 (Ardm.). tale damsa a log ar epert do firinne lat, Ml. 36a32 . síodh Dhé 'gá ceannach ar chrodh being bought for herds, Dán Dé xxvii 33 . With vbs. of leaving, abandoning: ni dérsid for sóiri ar fognam, Wb. 20b10 . roleicc creitim ar in paganacht he left the faith for paganism, Anecd. iii 72.28 . as uime do trēig Temraigh / ar Chend Maghair, ZCP viii 108.19 . Denoting preference: ragaid duit aire . . . rígi hÉrend in preference to him, BColm. 68.18 . do mholfuinn fear an leithléighinn 'gá mbíadh beatha ghlan . . . arfhear láinléighinn 'gá mbíadh beatha némhthromdha, Mac Aingil 4782 .

(f) for the purpose of, in order to obtain (as far as the exx. serve with accus. in Wb. and dat. in Ml. The exx. from Wb. given here, however, could equally be referred to the preceding section): precept arbiad in order to obtain food, Wb. 10d13 . madarlóg pridchasa, 23 . is arnach nindocbáil móir fodaimim se inso, 23b12 . asberat isar indeb isdénti tol dǽ, 29b12 . arind etarimdibiu (arindetar imdibiu, MS.) gl. pro interfectione aduersariorum, Ml. 36b23 . ar chuindriug pectho gl. instrumentum est divinae iustitiae `for the correction of sin', 49b7 . gabthe dunad les fris arinoillus for protection, 55c1 . asberar ar thormuch pectha for the purpose of increasing sin(?), 76a5 . bliadain lán dano do M. [┐] a muindtir uli for usciu ┐ bargin ar tuaslucud anmae B. `to obtain the release of the soul of B.,' Mon. Tall. 133.29 . serc fochraici ara n-as[c]nam, piana do imchaisiu ara n-imgabail in order to avoid them, Ériu vii 138.28 . is rimsa . . . rohérbad ar eisnéis it is to me it was entrusted for relating, iv 144.21 . annsa lebur tuc sé dóib ar choimét a ndligid feín `for keeping', Maund. 61 . Also perh. in phrase ar olc fri, see olc (because of?).

(g) by virtue of, by means of, through (dat.): condenad fingail ar chuinged soinmige do gl. mercari peccato securitatem, Ml. 39a6 . ? ar gressaib gal / glenaid luch inna línsam `by feats of valour', Thes. ii 293.20 . ni ar lín óc brister cath, Ériu ix 47 § 18 . ar neart a n-engnama by dint of their prowess, ML² 286 . gaibsit tír and ar chlaideb by the sword, ZCP viii 313.21 .

(h) In general sense of in respect of, with regard to, in the matter of, relating to, etc. (appar. with dat.) (the ascription of some exx. to this section is tentative): desmrecht insin ar aimsir deirb that is an example of, Sg. 66b17 , cf. exemplum ara airiuc far diull tanaisiu, 106b20 , exemplum inso ara rangabalda asrubart, 39a5 . annsom hi taurgillib tairgille ar bechaib, Laws iv 162.1 . rucus tairgilli ar bechaib `für Bienen ist ein `tairgille' . . . zu stellen', ZCP xv 319 § 12 . ? isam ómun ar a aisnéis I am afraid to relate it, LU 5349 . is fon samla-sin . . /gníth . . . a cét-chumma / Temrach . . . / ar áibnius in beauty, Metr. Dinds. i 10.64 . fear feadhma deas ar gach ndān in every art, ZCP viii 562 § 16 . bean as ghloine ar ghníomharthaibh `purest in deeds', A. Ó Dálaigh xv 15 . issí eisimplair Crist . . . do lenfadís ar míne ┐ ar buaine, ar deirc ┐ ar trocaire, Maund. 123 . ro derscnaigh d'ógaibh a chomaoisi ar goil ┐ gaisccedh, Leb. Gab.(i) 200.7 . Also in phr. ar chuit, see cuit. For do-beir teist ar see teist. See airbág.

Common in phr. of type: teine . . . ar thes crabaidh (of a person) a fire . . . in heat of piety = a paragon of piety, Anecd. iii 5.19 . Muridach, ba muir ar crūa[i]s, ZCP viii 299.34 . deochain ar grādaib ┐ sacart ar ūaisle a deacon in rank and a priest in reputation, BColm. 82. 15 - 16 . ba laech ar gaisced, RC xxiv 184.4 . a éan choluim ar cheannsa, Dán Dé i 19 . mar lile ar lí, Dánta Gr. 30.14 .

(i) about (of stories, books, reading, etc. In late exx. only. Perh. orig. for in this meaning): iomda ar Lasair ferta amhra many wonderful miracles (are said to have been performed) by L., Ériu v 90.4 . is mebair linn . . . / in seanchus fil ar Mag Ráin the lore about M., iv 156.18 . Leabhar Oiris ┐ An[n]ála ar Cogthaibh . . . Éireann, i 78 . craoibsgaoileadh ar chath Cluana Tairbh description of the battle of C., 16 n. léighmid ar Alexander n-uaibhrech, etc., Mac Aingil 872 . léan ba sgéal ar fianaibh Fáil, Magauran 2790 . Cf. sgriobhthar ortha go . . ., Ó Héodhusa 68.16 .

(j) With verbs of depriving, stealing, hiding, lacking, etc. from (accus. and dat.): tri airchellad donaib sommaib a n-anae airnaib bochtaib, Ml. 90a11 . is amne asruluús airi, Wb. 17d16 . a manaig do béim ar Lommān, BColm. 84.16 . ní bēram-ne t'áthius ort we shall not take thy victory from thee, 74.22 . ni cumscaichthi cumachtae nairi gl. hoc potestatem literae motare non debuit, Sg. 6a5 . ni fil nach díchlith airi, Wb. 1a4 . tesbanat boíll aíriu, 11d11 . in dá ṡét tesbanat airi, Críth G. 130 . ní gette na brithemnachta becca erriu you would not snatch the petty judgements from them, Wb. 9c8 . nī gatar a forgall ar domun degmnā, Cáin Ad. 4 . a tellad errusom, Wb. 11a29 . dives cui (.i. isar) clam tollitur , Enchir. Aug. 76b ( ZCP vii 482.27 .)

(k) With verbs of protecting, saving from , defending against (accus. and dat.): ainsium Crīst ar cech nernbās, Thes. ii 352.4 (Hy. vi). Dīa dom chobair . . . / ar cech ṅgúasacht, 350.16 (ibid.). dia dítin ar in pecthach, Ml. 57c4 . dia diden . . . ar náimdib, Thes. ii 354.2 . airnaib imnedaib doneimni a dǽ, Ml. 110d9 . fri himdegail cuirp . . . ar demnaib, Thes. ii 354.4 . diar snádud . . . / ar gábud, 359.6 . for soirad ar senachrib, Ml. 33b21 . air ni bói numsoiradsa ar chumachtae ṅduini, 74b13 . Continuing a Latin construction: ar thes inna gréne són ┐ ara naimtib gl. quae etiam inumbraret eos et regeret, 97c4 . arnaib cumachtgaib gl. difensionem, 103c7 . arnaib hi sin gl. ut illis eripiat, 117b4 . defensionis . . . ar maccaib israhel, 124b10 . Note also: comad chādus ar cach ngúasacht that it might be a halidom against every danger, BColm. 96.10 . tucc dam a Dē mōir / . . . / ar pīanu na plāg / tonna dīana dēr, ACL iii 232 § 1 .

III In later lang. ar and for become a single preposition (often with surviving difference in follg. mutation, see the examples in Bard. Synt. Tr. p. 2 ff. ). The follg. are exx. of ar for earlier for. Of local relations (for I): imda gol gargc ar a brú many a fierce wail in its lap, BColm. 100.6 . ar saebchoire in a maelstrom, 94.12 . tarrúd úire ar airib / for leccaib ar láech-maigib, Metr. Dinds. iv 232.34 . seóit Cluana maic Nóis do foillsechadh ar Gallaib Luimnigh `were discovered with', RC xviii 53.12 . Of quasi-local relations, etc. (II). Of point of time (c): ar na tri soldomnaib `on the three chief feasts', Mon. Tall. 129.27 . ar notlaice ┐ caiscc ┐ cengciges, Ériu vii 150.30 . Of rule, sway, over (f): ba rī tenn ar Tūathmumain, ZCP viii 119.28 . flaithius ┐ forlamhus ar crichaib . . . na cruinne , CCath. 1 . In addition to (g): cotardda trá ar se mo chendsa ardo chend my head in addition to thine, RC iii 185.8 . credo ┐ pater . . . ar cech m-biait, xv 490 § 26 ( for cach mbiait, § 32 ). Affecting, afflicting, etc. (h): bíd oirb oman Dé do neim, BColm. 100.3 . trom orm a innisi, ZCP viii 200.25 . duaithnid ar dainib in domain incomprehensible to, Fen. 38. 16 . Subsisting on (j): ar geilt féoir feeding on grass, Ériu iv 156.12 . ar usci ┐ bairgin, RC xv 491 § 30 , cf. for usci ┐ bairgin, 490 § 26 . In a state or condition (k): na biad ar in mbreith sin `that she would not abide by that judgement', RC xxiv 196.1 . nírbo borg báeth ar bruidin it was not a foolish castle engaged in brawling, Metr. Dinds. i 32.46 . With vb. of motion: ge deach rī Conaill a ccēin / ar slūaiged rí Temhra tréin, ZCP viii 116.21 . To express the dativus incommodi (m): adbathadar uile thorad parrthais ar Adam `were forfeited by Adam', Laws iv 266.14 . adbathadar ar Aongus a thire, 15 . rogabsat tech air they stormed the house in which he was, BColm. 72.4 . ni cloifithir oirb bar cath, YBL 314b55 . Perh. also: ben clucc ar Cellach against, Cáin Ad. 18 . cogadh mór le Domnall . . . ar Brian, Ériu i 78.5 . In phrases (p): ar bith c[h]é on this earth, BColm. 100.3 . ar comairci C. under the protection of C., 86.28 . ar debaid in haste, LL 7493 . ar lár cháich in the midst of everybody, Ériu iv 222.28 . ar neam in heaven, Anecd. i 39.114 . ar ṡeilbh (sic leg.) éicsi, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, v 92 § 9 . With verbs (III): dorad min aire `put meal over it', Mon. Tall. 147.11 . dobert trian forcridi . . . ar chuid cach lae `added one third of water to the daily allowance', 7 . do thabairt geinti ar ireis, ZCP iii 22.6 .

Note also: rostatlaig ar thenn-medón he clasped her by the sturdy waist, Ériu iv 104.8 . roghabh nathraigh mbí ar bolgán `by the belly', CCath. 4194 .

IV Replacing ÍAR. Of time (I): ar cath Ch. after the battle of C., ZCP viii 314.18 . arsin, Ériu iv 132.1 . is ar sein anid sí co arnabárach thereupon she remains till the morrow, ZCP viii 309.20 . ar n-ēirghi grēine at the rising of the sun, ML² 1333 . sóaidh co brónach dia taigh ar marbadh a maic, RC xviii 45.31 . ar tteacht ór tticch, ZCP viii 219 § 13 . do bātar ar n-a crēchtnugad, ML² 386 . ar ngabāil gīall for Mumain, ZCP viii 119.31 . Of place (II): arsin t[s]eit along the way, Mon. Tall. 153.20 . ar slige Póil is Petair in the track of Paul and Peter, Ériu v 24.24 . According to (III): suidfither gach aon duine . . . ar miadh ┐ ar dligedh ┐ ar a sognim[r]adh, RC xxviii 22 § 49 . ar a fidhair fen do cruthaigh Día é in His own image, BCC § 408 .

For use as conjunction see 2 ar, 1 ara.

1 ás

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ás or dil.ie/4363

 

Forms: ás, fás, áis, ása

n Orig. n. ? (see Mon. Tall. 156.8 below). ás, fás m. (g s. and n p. áis, ása), IGT Decl. § 38 . Verbs § 123 .

Act of growing; growth, increase: uisse in boill dó ass ón chiunn, Wb. 22a17 . cen hass cen aes cen erchra, SR 8384 . fer rosasad a áes ┐ a á.¤ age and development, LU 4844 (TBC). ná beth ar á.¤ 'na ḟine / acht a bás 'n-a bith-bine `that he should not thrive', Metr. Dinds. iii 18.231 . ruc Nár for á.¤ a ḟine `N. caused his tribe to increase', iv 178.4 . meni rathaiged in ben in cnoc for á.¤ . . ., 184.18 . maic Achir . . . / . . ./ fúaratar bás . . . / ro mill a n-á.¤ i n-oenḟecht, iii 68.z. drem dhíne fá críaidh na cruinne / líne na díaidh uirre ag á.¤ , IGT Decl. ex. 997 . ? eccla croinn áis an áraidh / eccla gábaidh báis brónaigh fear of the quick-set wood of the bier, ACL iii 216.17 (cf. crann fáis `a quick-set tree', P. O'C. ). In sense of produce, fruitfulness (resulting from or liable to growth) (cf. 1 as): ass ningnama doib ann `the growth of the crops was given to them then', Mon. Tall. 156.8 (§ 68) . fobithin is ann forcentai a nas `it was then that (the crops) reached their full growth', 12 (ib.). as ┐ los ┐ geart the growth, the calves and the milk, ZCP xv 240 § 3 ( Laws ii 196.7 ). mad beodile co nas ┐ los ┐ fuillem, Laws ii 376.2 . aithgin a chota gan los gan as gan inorbairt, iv 256.15 Comm. somaine .i. los ┐ as, v 500.20 Comm. dí mnái Loga, roslúi á.¤ / Búi in broga ┐ Nás nár `fruitfulness came to them' (i.e. they became pregnant), Metr. Dinds. iii 48.7 .

See also 2 fás.

branán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. branán or dil.ie/6543
Last Revised: 2019

 

n o, [m.] (1 bran) name of principal piece in some board-game(s) ; common as laudatory epithet See Mac White, Éigse v 25 ff .; TD ii 198 - 9 : clár nocha bí gan bh., / ní bhí ál gan uachtarán `there is no chessboard without a king', Studies 1924, 243 § 15 , Dánfhocail 108 . Tomaltach . . en branan Cloinne Maolruanaidh, AFM iii 150.2 fian ghall do ghuin ar mbranáin, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 150.15 . a bhranáin óir os ḟidhchill (to a prince), TD 2.7 . trí branáin chláir na cruinne (of the Trinity), DDána 9.2 . a bhranáin Chruachan Connocht (to an archbishop), 90.13 . a bhranáin uaisle his nobles, 97.15 . b.¤ branduibh, Keat. Poems 1450.

Compd.: Becócc bhranáncháomh ban-bhrughaidh ainm na mná maithe si, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) i 222.15​ .

2 cáemthach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 cáemthach or dil.ie/7623

 

n o, m. (cf. 1 cáem, 1 cáemdae) company, companionship: gan mé i gcaomhthuch na gcarad `I am not with friends', Aithd. D. 6.19 . a ccáomhdach chean na cruinne , IGT Decl. ex. 818 . c.¤ n-ile, ACL iii 296 § 41 . ro fost . . . ina caemdach, Grail 2691 . in leogan ro boi ina caeimtech, 2145 . is caemthach re coin allaidh / coicrichus cach Conallaigh, Irish Texts ii 7 § 13 . Fig. ba samlaid a cæimtech sum friu mar cæimthech soillsi fri dhorcadus, RC xii 322 § 5 . [brat] do bí fá caomthach a cuirp i.e. next to his skin, SG 41.4 . d'éis chaomhdhoigh na ccomhaidheach after the occupation by foreigners (?), Ériu v 66.4 . association, cohabiting : co ndeachaid ina gnáis ┐ ina caomhthach, Anecd. i 78.7 . dul ina caemdhach ┐ ina comlebaid (Potiphar's wife), BB 237b30 corresponding to: ina coemthach, LB 115a52 . ni rochtar-somh coemdach risin mísi ┐ mo mathair ní deachaidh si co fear, BB 266a27 . uair ni fagad si caemthach (coemthachas, v.l.) na comrath in fhir sin, TTebe 1343 . don mhéirdrigh mhná níor ghránda an mhalairt / caomhthach cáirdis cháich do ghlacadh, Ó Bruad. i 30.x . As vn. beatha shaothrach budh lór leis / 's an ógh ag caomhthach a chnis accompanying, Dán Dé ix 31 . Cf. coímthecht.

caicht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caicht or dil.ie/7679

 

(d s.): ní uil scél san cruinne ar ch.¤ / fa budh trén uirre a hinnailt, IGT Decl. ex. 634 . Perh. n. pr.

camra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. camra or dil.ie/8111

 

Forms: camradh

n m. (Lat. camera): c.¤ no seomra gl. camera, Ir. Gl. 123 . Us. privy, sewer : camradh gl. cloaca, Ir. Gl. 129 . tre chamradhuibh ┐ tre pholluibh na cathrach `sewers and holes', ITS xix 24.20 . c.¤ cáidheach, Desid. 4290 . go dteilgthear san ch.¤ . . . é, TSh. 922 . beith gu ro-fad(h)a ar in c.¤ stool, Reg. San. 24.3 . Fig.: i gc.¤ na cruinne, .i. i n-iomdhomhain ifrinn, TSh. 1293 . Of the body: a pholl c.¤, a chalann bhocht, DDána 42.20 . atá mo chorp n-a ch.¤ , Aithd. D. 80.34 . i gc.¤ iliomaid cean ┐ peacadh, Eochairsg. 103.13 .

ceirtle

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ceirtle or dil.ie/8508

 

Forms: certle, certle

n , f. In class. verse may also be treated as m., see IGT Metr. Faults § 131 . clew, ball of thread : certle gl. glomus, Sg. 70b2 . certle, Auraic. 5816 . ? drisioc do-grinn go teóra certle comhnadma, Ériu xiii 43. 20 = co tri certle cum, O'Dav. 617 , cf. 570 . cnai olla, no ceirtli, Laws v 80.12 . damna certle `the makings of a ball', iv 108.6 Comm. na ceirtli gela .i. snath finn, i 152.19 Comm. mar chertli i fásbulg `like a ball of thread', TBC-LL² 3743 . bói in snáthe inna certle hilláim inna mná, LU 10088 `the thread of the ball', Imr. Brain 62 . coro dibairgsi certli dlútha dolbthi druidechta forsin luiṅg (Medea), LL 31160 (TTr.). Cf. Anecd. i 69.5 . ? tecsaidh Ceallach c.¤ cruinne , AFM i 302.x (cf. Laws Gloss.).

1 cerd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cerd or dil.ie/8753

 

Forms: ceard, cearda, cerd, ceirde, ceird, ceirde, cearda, cearda, cearda, cherda, cerda, cerda(e), cearda, cerdda, cerdai, cerda, cherdu, d'órcheardai, cerdada, cert

n ā, f. See O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 159 f. In sense (a) ceard (ón duine), m. g s. cearda, IGT Decl. § 95 . In sense (b) cerd (ón cheird) f. g s. ceirde, § 39 ; ceird f. g s. ceirde, cearda, § 43 . Cf. also g s. na cearda , Laws v 104.19 Comm. in cearda , 106.1 Comm. . iii 192.8 Comm. in cherda , IT iii 60 § 120 (na cerda , v.l.). Also cerda(e): n s. cearda, Corp. Gen. 219.37 (cerd, v.l.). cerdda, Cymmr. xiv 130.9 . in cerdai , ZCP iii 222.10 (cerd, v.l.). d s. cerda, Laws v 114.18 . do cherdu , LL 25486 (: dú). ? d'órcheardai, Leb. Cert.² 2187 . Cf. n pl. cerdada, Bodl. Dinds. 3 .

(a) craftsman, artisan (most freq. of a gold- and silver-smith): cert qui idula aere faciebat gl. Alaxander (aerrarius), Wb. 30d21 . inna cerdae `of the potter', Ml. 18a12 . roth cruind forsa ndenat na cerda in lestrai, b4 . in sét arggait nád chombaig / in ch.¤ , Thes. ii 346.4 ( Hy. v 77 ). lasin cerddai (ceirdai, v.l.) gl. lasin ceird, 33 (79 Comm.). aided con na cerda inso la Coin Culaind, LU 4971 . Cauland cerdd, 4975 (TBC). ó Choin cherda Conchobair (i.e. Cú Chulaind), 3573 ( SCC 29 ). do Choin na Cerdda, LL 20187 . cerdda ┐ círmaire, LU 2217 . cuislennach, c.¤, gobha, Ériu xiii 23.2 . cerda . . . ┐ aes caca dana olcena, Laws v 90.20 ( cerda .i. imrid in t-or, 25 Comm. ). is diles in tor ┐ in tairget ┐ in tuma a cerdcha in goband ┐ noco diles i cerdcha in cerda, uair aithne indeithbir hé i cerdcha in gobann, ┐ nocon edh a cerdcha in cerda, iii 192.6 , 8 Comm. c.¤ gl. figulus, Ir. Gl. 508 . D. . . . gaba . . . ┐ ceard ┐ scribnid togaide . . . is he . . . daroine .ccc. clog ┐ .ccc. bacall ┐ .ccc. soscelai, Fél. cxxxi.x. mac na cerdda cosin céir, LL 18785 . I. ainm na cerda ro berb in n-ór, 2024 . cathbarr B. . . . c.¤ Ó. . . . dorigne, Airne F. 97 . dugnith dno C. c.¤ na semonn, RC xii 94 § 122 . do-ratsat in argat-sin for tír cherda potter's field, PH 3241 . mac cerdai nó fir fogní nách aicdi éicin di ór nó argad, FDG² 867 . leag a hoirthior na hInnia, / . . . / niamhthar le ceard gcineolta that is polished by a native craftsman, Aithd. D. 16.47 . céard copair, 2 Timothy iv 14 . ceard na críadh, Romans ix 21 . do chérd an óir, Mac Aingil 1139 . Fig. P. is ceard don chlúi-sin `P. who is the artificer of that fame', O'R. Poems 298 . lé cérduibh an chlaoinchreidimh (sc. the founders of Protestantism), Mac Aingil 4170 .

C.¤ na cruinne (na ndúl, etc.) God : c.¤ na cruinne , BNnÉ 196 § 22 . mo chobhair ar Cheird na ndúl!, Dánta Gr. 65.19 . ceard na n-uile, DDána 27a.16 .

Applied to poets: in c.¤ mac ūi Dulsaine, Corm. Y 1059 (p. 93.25; cf. 92.y). ni c.¤ gan bunadus tothachta, O'D. 2208 (Nero A vii, 144a). Cf. c.¤ cen tothacht .i. cin foghluim ndligi[d], O'Dav. 1568 .

In n. pr. m. Robartach mac Mic na Cerda, CS 164.20 . C.¤ m. Cerdda Bice, Corp. Gen. 219.27 .

(b) handicraft, art, skill, accomplishment, feat; hence occupation, office, way of life, practice, characteristic behaviour : mu menma céin im saincheirdd, Thes. ii 293.15 . cōrus a cherdæ (of a poet), Corm. Y 276 . tarchomlad cach óes dána . . . cor tasfen cách a ch.¤ fíad Patraic, LU 9773 . ar lín a ch.¤ he is so accomplished, 8316 (rhet.). asa cheird cumachtaig (.i. a cumachta a chleirchecta dognidsom sein, 740 ( ACC 42 ). indearbh cach i cceird aroile, Ériu xiii 20.16 . imdhínsiomh ceirte insult to one's art(?), 25.6 . fornesa ceard neicse donessa cerd niumuis, 56 § 32 (cf. O'Dav. 861 ). fristoing cerd cainti `he renounces the satirist's art', O'Dav. 872 . 869 . oca oileamhain hi cerdaibh clothamræ .i. āine, alaidhe ┐ erlabhra, etc., ZCP xiv 219.11 . fó mo ch.¤ láechdachta, LU 6169 (TBC). ac óenmummib daronsat ceird gnimrada gaile ┐ gascid, LL 10052 . aided Gríse co ceird chrúi `skilled in bloody arts', Metr. Dinds. iii 134.19 . ceird chrúi .i. ceird imdheargtha no ceird bhásaighthe, O'Cl. iarn[a] trascrad trienar c.¤-ne `by our craft', RC xii 90 § 109 . cach dan dognīat lāmhae is c.¤ dongairther, O'Mulc. 222 . rob ingnadh le cāch a ceird `their skill' (in music and dancing), Ériu iv 174 § 9 . mairg thréicios cléirchecht ar cheird / do cherdaib in domnáin deirg, SG 51.y . lucht na ceirde cedna (sc. building), Stair Erc. 1626 . gion gur cheárrd mná an nídh sin, Oss. iii 136.19 . seachnaidh cionta ón cheird do-ní `avoids faults by her manner of life', Magauran 1516 . nach roibhi . . . aenc.¤ rob annsa les nā fiadhach, ZCP vi 53.x . cusin ceird n-inglain n-eillnighthi ro herailedh forro .i. comrucc a lanamhnus fri aroile, Grail 3059 . an ceard do-roighne Ruaidhrí what R. has done, DDána 76.4 . ní ceard duit déanamh míoghaoil `it is not for Thee to be false to Thy kin-duty', Aithd. D. 71.31 . ceird ríoghna `a queen's part', A. Ó Dálaigh vii 6 . tús cerdi do Ch. i.e. C. was entitled to receive a poet's first composition after he had finished his schooling, LB 238cb56 . Concr.: cathaīr ingnathaig forsa raibi imarcaid sairsi ┐ c.¤ n-eladnach embellishment, Grail 1663 . Freq. of magical practices: no gniad druidechta ┐ certa commain, LU 9007 ( FB 75 , H). See commann for cerddib suíthe gentliucta, LL 1051 . ceird thosaigh .i. ceird dhraoidheachda, O'Cl. See toṡúgad.

Attrib. g s. fear cerda, ma fithír, ní ba raith feilmic mana biatha `a man of art, if a professor, cannot be surety for a pupil, unless he has fed him', Laws iv 236.15 . fer certa fri molad ┐ air, i 18.7 Comm. óes cherdd, Críth G. 281 . cléir aesa ceirdd, Trip.² 2382 (= praecones, 2385 ; dona druthaib, 2395 ) = cliar aesa dana, Lat. Lives 55.12 . don luchd céirde, Acts xix 24 . lucht ceirde na cathrach tradesmen, Fl. Earls 98.y .

? rop tānaisi triūin crepscuil / c.¤ promtha Petair apstail, Corm. Y 325 .

1 certán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 certán or dil.ie/8803

 

n o, m. (4 cert) some kind of insect : tellinn, ciárainn, | certān cruinde, crōnān sē[i]mh, K. and H. 25 . mingur gringur certan cruinne , O'Mulc. 830e . certan for lúamain, O'Gr. Cat. 91.4 See also scertán.

1 cét-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cét- or dil.ie/8866
Last Revised: 2013

 

ord. num. prefixed to nouns, adjj. and verbs. In later lang. us. with palatalized -d before palatal initials: mar an gcéidfhear (: éidear), PBocht 13.36 . an céidchion, DDána 21.15 . `When preceded by the art. it is occasionally lenited even before a masc. noun', Párl. na mB. Gloss .

(a) With nouns first and allied meanings (early, original, proto-, primary, primal, former, first-mentioned, aforesaid, foremost). `With more or less of a technical connotation in many cpds.', Laws Gloss. (with list). See also ZCP i 315 - 6 . is hé in cét sians didiu gl. duplex . . . sensus, Ml. 36a32 . do aitrius ar cet-choggbala, Vita Br. 28 . dochetadbur nandule, SR 22 . i cétaidchi `on the first night', Thes. ii 320.6 (Hy. ii). cedra (= cétráth) cairdi, Ir. Recht 9 § 12 `ein Bürge für einen Vertrag mit einem auswärtigen Stamm', 11 . cét rath cacha selba, O'Dav. 1374 . mād cētchin a first crime, Cáin Ad. 42 . na n-iach cétṡnáma first-run salmon, SCano 12 (see Ériu xi 86 , xii 244 ). a saillméth do sainmesaib ┐ a chētbairgein lethmech (perquisites of a monk), ZCP vi 271.21 . isīsin cétben díb ruc hí, BColm. 52.20 . go céidféil Muire to the feast of the Annunciation, ZCP x 18.16 . don chetfóit `the surface-sod', RC xiii 454 § 48 . hi cētāin cēt(h)gaimrid November, ZCP xii 235 § 51 (cf. AFM i 524.3 ). sicc romor isin cetgemred, Ann. Conn. 1251.13 . cīa cétliaigh robūi ind-Ēirinn ar tús ríam?, ZCP viii 105.12 . ? Mac duine / timghair aithe a mhaoeine, / Mac Dē nimhe nī maithi / a cēdmaoine cach laithe, ZCP xii 296.6 . cetpearsu uathaid `I person singular', Auraic. 304 . cetfear illda `I person plural', 307 . i comdāil a cēttserci, BColm. 90.25 . cētshercus ēcmaise, MacCongl. 3.21 . cetlong in betha .i. Argo `foremost', TTebe 1941 . cetblegon a bó biestings, Cog. 48.18 . gach ced arc is gach ced uan (a due), Hy Maine 13.8 . cétbunni darach, TBC-LL¹ 563 `prime oak sapling', TBC-LL² 457 . sna céid-ṡlighthibh `from the start', Content. x 22 . isin dara cét lá deidenach don ré `on the second last day of the term', Laws iv 136.1 Comm. an ced long triallfus tar tuind the next ship, Prolegomena 42 § 11 . na cédchirt the above-mentioned words, IGT Decl. § 41 . rún an chéid-fhir (: éigin) the first man, the former (of the figure in the apologue as distinguished from him to whom the moral is applicable), Dán Dé vi 33 . 's í ar gcaitheamh a céadaoise being past her youth, v 28 . mar chéadshaimhghréin, DDána 114.12 `as early summer sun', Ir. Monthly 1920, 164 . do shlānughadh na bpeacthach, darab eadh mise do chēuddaoinibh of whom I am chief, Parrth. Anma 4933 . mo chéid-gin firstborn, Jeremiah xxxi 9 . is na cedlaithibh do mís September, AFM vi 2138.7 . croide gacha cédmacáim `striplings at this their first essay', Caithr. Thoirdh. 45.34 . mar aon chéad-bhean wife, Keat. Poems 980 (cf. cétmuinter). trí cét leitreachaib gach aen focail initials, O'Gr. Cat. 287.14 . coll cétingen (? sic leg.) = jus primae noctis the deflowering of the first maidens, the first deflowering of the maidens, Comp. CC 64 § 88 .

(b) Rarely with adjj.: tri prímlaích . . . it é cétlíatha turning grey, LU 7699 ( BDD 128 ). trícha casbrat cetluaitte (cet[ḟ]uaiti, v.l.), Leb. Cert.² 355 . i cet ceptha . . . cet urlum . . . lan urlum roughed out . . . beginning to be ready (stages in manufacture of a millstone), Laws i 188.23 Comm. ar slog Conaill ced-guinig first to wound (inflicting 100 wounds?), MR 146.20 . Cas Cētgomnig lasrachētgabtha comgni, ZCP viii 302.29 .

(c) With verbs first, for the first time (cf. ceta-, cétnae): cach n-æn rochet aitreb Banbai, Dinds. 78 ( RC xv 478 ). Adam . . . / cīa cétguth rocétlobair?, ZCP iv 235.19 . ra cétṡnaidit . . . na clairsin those planks were roughly trimmed, LL 30945 (TTr.); 'those planks were hewn down' Celtica xii 192 . la side rochétecbad corthe, ZCP viii 303.2 . an ceart do chéid-lean, A. Ó Dálaigh lv 24 . tar ar chēidshil d'fhoil Íosa in addition to the blood He had already shed, Dán Dé xx 28 . do cetloit Tuathal Constapla na nGall in the first place, to begin with(?), Ann. Conn. 1225.24 . gur ab ó cloinn iarla cloinne R. ro chéd sholathair sé bél atha na sluaiccheadh, AFM v 1814.z .

With vnn. maróca 'arna cétberbad parboiled, MacCongl. 67.20 . ic cetcheppad chlár, LL 30949 (TTr.) `rough-hewing', Plummer MS. notes. ronnit a cētraind tīre hísein they make their first division of land, Ériu iii 141.211 . cet-chruthugadh na cruinne , MR 98.15 . Adam in cet-chrutta, LB 225a44 . do cétchesad na pecthach sin, RC xxvi 148 § 28 .

cethardae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cethardae or dil.ie/8913

 

Forms: tressa cetharde

adj io, iā (cethair) fourfold : afolad cethardai, Hib. Min. 18.17 (H.) conid cetrarda (sic) . . . ind aithgin `fourfold', Laws v 408.3 . in gach sét cetharda, iii 126.1 Comm. `for which fourfold restitution had to be made', note. cuin is cetharda? (of the alphabet), Auraic. 2868 . feadh na cruinne ceathardha, DDána 75.21 `square, fourcornered', Ir. Syll. Poetry Gloss . (see Dhá Sg. Art.). ? fóa cruib calath cethardu, LU 8662 ( FB 49 ).

As subst. io, n. four things, tetrad : ceathardha .i. ceathra neithe, O'Cl. a cetharde so, Wb. 21d8 . 31b24 . tressa cetharde (signs, wonders, powers, gifts of the Holy Spirit), 32c20 . tar æsi in cethardai seo, Ml. 36c23 . a c.¤ remi-ærbartmar, 97a7 . a cedardae, 111c9 . cetharda[e] ndíllat(a) four dresses, Críth G. 198 . fear congeb ceatarda `four of these arts', Laws v 104.27 . iss edh cethardæ adrimet . . . ara ndentar na arræ `four reasons', Ériu xix 58 § 6 . diablad aithgina . . . cetherda (sic) comlán an amount equal to four times the a., O'D. 1644 ( H 5.15, 19b ). cethardo connadur (leg. condagar) da gach eladuin the four things which are required for every composition, ACL iii 3.2 . for cach hæ don ceathurdu, IT iii 24.4 . ceathardha d'fhoirceadluibh, IGT Introd. § 102 .

1 cích

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cích or dil.ie/9038
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cíche, chichib, cīguib, chiigh, ciich, cích, cígh, -e, cích, -e, -a, cich

n Orig. s, n. ( cich ┐ glun a ndemi thepide, Auraic. 1852 ). Later m. and f. g s. and n p. cíche. d p. chichib, Anecd. i 4.2 ( SCano 80 ). Perh. orig. s, n., but cf. d p. cīguib, Corm. Y 145 . Note also n s. chiigh, Cáin Ad. 8 , n du. dā ciich , 3 . cích cígh f. (g s. -e), IGT Decl. § 39 . m. (g s. cích, -e, -a), § 46 .

(a) pap, (the female) breast : cich haec mamma , Ir. Gl. 100 . mo c[h]iche cen loimm, Todd Lect. vi 83.6 . immacossaitiub dá c.¤ cacha óenmná (threat of Bricriu), LU 8089 ( FB 6 ). dī cīch mnā nochlōitis leis (of Bricriu), ZCP viii 218.12 . ba cenn mna nō dā ciich noberthe i tasilbhath, Cáin Ad. 3 . di chich a mathar Finnchoime, IT i 142.18 . dac[h]ōdar mo chíghi-si i ndīsca, Cáin Ad. 8 . a ciche do taitnemh amail t-snechta, Lism. L. 3337 . a boill imellacha ┐ a cighi, Rosa Angl. 90.25 . delb mna o cichaib suas (of monster), TTebe 523 . ár mbrollach ┐ ár ccíocha leis breasts exposed, Párl. na mB. 562 . Of womens' supplication: nochtaid a cithi ris ┐ a n-ochta ┐ i n-urbruindi, ZCP viii 538.18 . tancatar uli máthrecha . . . ┐ a ciche nochta, PH 393 . cíche ar mná gaoil gá ghuidhe (Mary), DDána 7.9 . Of male: fo ch.¤ curad, Sc.M² 15 . eter a dí ch.¤ (of the Cyclops), Mer. Uil. 61 . da ghreamaigh . . . / fá bhun a dhá chích an t-athach mór, Oss. vi 202.16 . Of pierced breast or heart of Christ: a luibh leighis créachta an chígh, A. Ó Dálaigh xiv 5 . fa ghoin an chígh a chead, IGT Decl. ex. 1271 . do chuir don chrondsa an chíogha / fondsa díona vm fhuil ébha this spear which wounded the heart(?), Carswell 246.5 .

Of breast (heart) as seat of emotions: cíoch maithmheach na maighdine, PBocht 17.24 . breitheamh an chígh chruaidh `sternhearted judge', A. Ó Dálaigh xviii 10 . a labhairt chle 'na chighsin `his breast is full of evil words' (of critic), Ó Bruad. ii 236.z .

Applied to persons in metonymy: a ch.¤ na nóiden (of Mary), Trip. clxvi 10 . cīocha na heaguilsi (of the Apostles), Mac Aingil 4878 .

(b) In phrases indicating attesting of loyalty, allegiance, good faith, etc. by sucking the breasts of recipient (cf. Hiberno-Latin sugere mammellas, O'Brien, Études Celt. iii 372 - 3 ). iss esside abac dide a chichesom fergusa ┐ gaba(i)s a gruaide i nnairide a anacuil `this was the dwarf who sucked his, F.'s, breasts . . . as a token of (asking) quarter', Ériu xvi 38 § 5 (cf. xi 95). Less explicitly: trí meinistri (`halidoms') fer Féne .i. c.¤, grúad, glún, Triads 63 . fir ciche ┐ gruaide, nime ┐ talman guarantee of breast and cheek, etc. , Rawl. 132a31 ( Cymmr. xiv 112.7 ). ratha cuibse ┐ ciche ┐ cride, LL 4941 . ata mor dona doinib / fo chichib macni n-Oeda bound in friendship (loyalty), Anecd. i 4.2 ( SCano 80 ). caradradh do cholna .i. cairdes cíche ┐ glúine, Ériu xiii 45.22 . Hence c.¤ in special sense of covenant : ná bris chíg, na briss cairdess, TBC-LL¹ 3508 . bāithfidear cīch ┐ cot(h)ach, ZCP viii 195 § 4 .

(c) Other phrases. With vbs.: si oc tabairt a ciche do (of Mary), Todd Lect. vi 49.7 . co tartur mo chiigh dō, Cáin Ad. 8 . Note also: riú-so is sínte súgh do chíogh (addressed to Ireland), Hackett² xxxvi 150 . a gait de cígh to wean her, Vita Br. 5 . bentair L. da chich, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 44.8 . mo ch.¤ rosibh fed at my breast, Todd Lect. vi 82.9 . do chíogh an uime do ibh? (: ríogh), Dán Dé xv 6 . a cíghe do dheol, Arch. Hib. i 85 § 2 . With prep.: ┐ Laigh mac Sriangabra ar cich leó being suckled, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 44.2 . noídin . . . Catar for c.¤ , Éigse vi 118.24 . maic a mbroind is maic ar chīch, ZCP v 25 § 10 . rí na cruinne ar a cíchibh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxv 3 . Note also: for oenghlún ┐ oench.¤ ro alta ┐ Eogan he and E. were fosterbrothers, SG 310.15 . rod n-alt . . . éseom ┐ tri meic ind ríg i n-óenchliab ┐ for áench.¤ , LU 1666 .

(d) Attrib. gen. a bhuime chígh an Choimdheadh `nurse' (of Mary), Dán Dé xv 8 . banaltra cíodh Rígh ghil na glóire, Párl. na mB. 2012 . cuisle an chíogha `mother's arm' (i.e. Mary), A. Ó Dálaigh xi 13 . fola in misa ciche the suckling month, O'Curry 1876 ( 23 P 3, 21 (23)a ). leanabh cígh suckling (of newly-born Christ), DDána 17.1 . For noídiu cíche see noídiu. Cf. naoídhe na ccíoch, Isaiah xi 8 . dia mbeid aoinbheóil aoinchiche (of close relationship), Ériu xiii 16.17 .

(e) In transfd. senses. Of recesses of woods or tops of mountains (somet. perh. as prep. phr. i cích(aib) in the bosom of, in the midst of, among ): i bhfoithribh nó i gcíogh choille (: díon), Ériu ix 163 § 7 . i ccigibh cnoc, BS 58.13 . learga buadha do chíogh gcorr (of hills of Ireland), Measgra D. 50.51 . Note also: do ling crobhuing chaoin bhalsaim / as cíoghuibh a cceas (? leg. creas, Ed.) a-mach (of branch from tree), O'Hara 3277 . tre chíghibh cíogh (? leg. craobh, Ed.) gcorr (of water falling through branches of trees), 2645 . Of the sea: ceol eachdra a gcíoghoibh cuain `on the breast of the sea', O'Hara 4154 . an fedh do chóidh o chígh cuáin inland, Rel. Celt. ii 226.4 .

Other applications: a cholggairthe na gcíoch ngeal (of castle), DDána 68.34 `thou castle of . . . fair bastions', Ir. Monthly 1920, 543 . clodib orduirn . . . go cichib oir `inlayings', RC xii 60.18 . Of herb: cīch .i. cich girg (sic MS.), luib asa taet ass, O'Mulc. 221 . Note also: cíoch-bhraighed (leg. cíoch bh.) uvula, Mackinnon Cat. 56.11 .

COMPDS. With nouns: sreabh chorcra an chíoghasa, Aithd. D. 65.38 . cíochoighir in chríochshlóigh `suckled heir', O'Gr. Cat. 399.18 . ar cíchshlios cuain dochuadhas im aonarán enclosed margin, Hackett² xlii 33 . With adjj.: cichban cearbnad, BB 23b6 = Cermnat chích-bán, Meyer Contribb. ( Eg. 1782, 55a ). cath cro cearnach cíchbhlaith, IT iii 89 § 116 . See also Cíchloiscthe, Cíchloiscech.

cintaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cintaigid or dil.ie/9167

 

Forms: cintugud

v (cin)

I Intrans. transgresses, defaults, sins : mór céim 'nar chintaig mise `gone astray', Metr. Dinds. iii 64.125 . ar na slighthibh a cciontaighthear i n-aighidh dlighidh, Celtica i 101.425 . da cciontaighid . . . i fḟritheólamh na n-esslán `if they commit any . . . default in the seruice', RSClára 112a . cia nachar chiontaigh who has not sinned? DDána 10.2 . With prep. FRI sins with (in sexual sense): níor chionntuigh éinfhear ría (of Rebecca), Gen. xxiv 16 . gur cinntaigh I. re mnai A., Stair Erc. 72 . In different sense: má do chiontuigheas rut riamh against thee, DDána 101.30 . ? Cf. Luighne dochím gur chiontoigh took spoils(?), O'Hara 2027 `was its object', Ed.

II Trans. accuses, charges : slógh na cruinne ciontábhaidh, Aithd. D. 98.1 . cionntaigh é idir thú féin ┐ é (= corripe eum, Matthew xviii 15 ), Eochairsg. 12.4 . With prepp. do cintaigh é féin do dia confessed his sins to God, BCC 145 . ciontuighim dhuit inn, DDána 25A.15 . ciontuighim mé sa mhí-ghníomh `I plead guilty of sin', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 3 . With noun-clause: ciontaighim . . . mé . . . gur pheacaigheas, Parrth. Anma 4780 . Note also: níor chiontuigh chíogh an álaidh nor charged them with his wounded heart, DDána 61.10 .

Med. infects : mina cintuigtar adbur lennaidhi = inficiatur, Rosa Angl. 52.7 .

Vn. cintugud.

circul

Cite this: eDIL s.v. circul or dil.ie/9197

 

Forms: cercal(l)

n (Lat. circulus). Also cercal(l), -uil(l), -ail(l) etc. In old exx. usually o, m., but gender and inflection vary. Circle, orbit, zone : circal .i. a circulo .i. roth, Corm. Y 263 . fubíth doṅgníat cercol ocondocbáil gl. apsidas (Gr.), BCr. 18d2 . atcess in circall imon ṅgrein (at birth of Christ), LB 132b41 . .vii. circalla conuicci ind Trinoid ┐ aighi (= uidhe) mile bliadhna tigi cacha circailla dib, Irish Texts i 24.x-y . circull tentide . . . imón tír sin, LU 1987 ( FA 5 ). Loch Lein; ceathra chircilla uime .i. chircall sdain, ┐ chircall luaighi, ┐ chircall iarind, ┐ chircall uma, Todd Nenn. 220.n. doniat circlu dib (of serpents winding about person's body), Aen. 492 . re hais gcearcaill na cruinne (: seantruim) (ccearcholl : seantrom v.l.), Studies 1918, 281 § 12 . spéar gréine na (= 'na) cearcuill (: chruinn), Content. v 40 . tricha circull airccit bhain (of the thirty pieces of silver), BNnÉ 101.21 . cearcall clár ndearg, DDána 119.18 .

In phr. c.¤ bodba attacking circle (of foes): focheird in circul ṁ-bodba sin morthimchell chethri n-ollchoiced ṅ-hE., TBC-LL¹ 2645 = in circul modba, LU 6504 . daronad circull bodba impo d'ogbaid na hAffraici, CCath. 3147 . Of defensive armour: ic ecur a airthossaig di chressaib ┐ de chirclaib cruaidíairn (of ship), LL 30953 ( TTr. 135 ). circaill cithneimneach cláriarnaighi uime (of warrior), CF² 933 . Of ornaments etc. : maelch.¤ oír co clucinib fo bragit cech eich díb, TFerbe 14 . inar . . . co circlaib óir ┐ arcait, Manners and Customs iii 161 n. amail circáill ḟeta (of the Id Morainn), IT iii 190 § 15 . robói cercuil imma medhon amail cnis (? leg. cris) fhir chollnaigh, Cóir Anm. 140 . mo ḟail-si 'na circaill teintidhe imo braghait, RC xxvi 364.7 .

Hoop of barrel, vat etc. : sreth di muntorcaib óir . . . mar chirclu dabcha, LU 1710 ( RC ix 476.14 ). do dénam circall de to make hoops of it (of bones of a whale), Laws i 134.31 Comm. in chetna dabach . . . ro díscáil da cláraib ┐ da circlaib, TBC-LL¹ 1366 = ro disgaoil a clair ┐ a ciorcla, St. ro mheabhattar a cciorcaill dona lestraibh, Ériu xiii 24.28 .

Note also: amhail do-ní an togharmach san chiorcaill aníu `in the circus', Keat. ii 5453 . an chiorcuil lochtach vicious circle (logical fault), Luc. Fid. 4445 . a chearcall teintidhe tréan (a chief), Magauran 431 .

In n. loc.: Cnoc in chircaill, Acall. 6447 .

cís

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cís or dil.ie/9231
Last Revised: 2013

 

n u, [m.?] (Lat. census, GOI 172 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 209 ). Treated as neut. in: cis n-incis o anfine, ┐ cis n-infuilaing o fine, ┐ cis n-airdbide . . . ó fine ┐ ó anfine, Laws i 158. 7 - 9 Comm., hisa c.¤ , Trip.² 184 . Perh. occasionally as o-stem in Laws (see exx. below). cíos m., IGT § 34 . tax, tribute, cess, rent : c.¤ gl. cim, LU 8901 ( FB 68 ). mál .i. cíos, Eg. Gl. 472 . c.¤ gl. fiscus, Sg. 37b16 . athgabail treisi sloiged, ciss `distress of three days for hosting, rent', Laws i 156.27 . sáor ar chios gach cionaidh (leg. cionad?) fine(?), Ériu xiii 30.17 . re im dingbail cisa di-a tuaith `a battle to ward of rent', Laws v 300.24 . c.¤ égoir ro cuinge[d] ar an duini, O'Curry 2314 ( Eg.88, 24(25)b ). dligid císa mo dhuan-sa, H 3.18, 563 . dirodba indiunn / ar colno císu `may she destroy within us the taxes of our flesh', Thes. ii 325.19 (Hy. iv) glossed peccata, cf. cíos .i. peacadh, O'Cl. ro maith in rí a ch.¤ do Pátraic, Trip.² 187 . cána ┐ smachta ┐ císa fer nErend, LU 4207 . fis do ch.¤ co cert, KMMisc. 276 § 72 . in tan rochlomar clocān / ni furāil in c.¤ , ACL iii 313 § 19 . cis trom do-berthea forro, Ériu xvi 84.88 . do chungid in chīsa co Gāedelaib, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 10.y . conair chissa a journey which led to (their) paying tribute(?), Acall. 7008 . dlegaid claidme c.¤ a nglantai iarna tosluccad `swords are entitled to the tribute of cleansing them', RC xii 106 § 162 . tug sé c.¤ in da theallach sin leis, Stair Erc. 1647 . cíos na gcath ag cath Bhúille `income from their battles', O'Hara 4000 , see n. cíos mar dogheabhthair don Ghall `cess is got even by the foreigner', Dán Dé xxv 7 . DDána 58.26 . ar gnē chīossae a fforcionn gach mīossa `at a certain rent, payable at the end of each month', Fl. Earls 54.3 . cíos cinnte . . . mar chothughadh óna thighearna, TSh. 10075 `wages' Glossary.

With bés: nī dlig nach rī . . . cīs nā bēs nā gēill . . . don tīr-sin, Corp. Gen. 207.8 . co fessta a ciso ┐ a m-besu lais, TE 2 Eg. = fri commus a m-bésa ┐ a chisa dóib, LU 10716 .

With descr. gen. or adj. of particular tributes, taxes: cíos na hainnise, an mhairsil ’s an tséile, Five Pol. Poems 92.196 . cíos na hainnise chailleas mar mhéirlig, 41.127 . oc tobach in chísa Céssarda, PH 2488 . cios cosanta `protection tribute', AFM iv 1152.6 . cīos is cáin Ērenn, ZCP viii 108.21 . ni rig . . . do na tabar chis flatha `he is not a king . . . to whom the rent of a king is not given', Laws iv 50.23 .i. daeraicillnechta .i. braich, 27 Comm. atait secht neimid cethra . . . bo ciss flatha no eclasa, v 260.3 .i. bo bis ac imḟulang a cisa do ḟlaith no do eclais, 12 Comm. fine cis flatha, v 318.3 .i. in fine bis ag imḟulang a cisa do'n flaith, 9 Comm. do chuinchid chísa grotha ┐ imbi, Trip.² 182 . dobeiredh dham cíos a chinn `used to pay me tribute' (polltax), O'Gr. Cat. 349.18 . c.¤ (n-)inchis see inchís ? c.¤ láime see lám. folach cis lobair, Laws i 230.24 glossed imfulaing (sic leg.) cisa in duine troig, .i. diablad in cisa, 232.25 - 6 . c.¤ nemid tribute due from person of status; uracomol cis neimid, iv 6.10 .i. in ní fora firaccomailter a cis do neimed, y. Comm. do cuireadh cíos Phádraig ar Chonnachtaibh lé Gormghal mac Dín Dáthaidh `Patrick's tribute', Keat. iii 2527 . c.¤ rigdae gl. uectigal, Sg. 52b9 . saer na bochta . . . o'n ch.¤ rigda, PH 458 . fon cis Romanach, Todd Nenn. 70.14 . Cf. mo chíos bhróin rem chois dom chailg `my tribute of grief', Rel. Celt. ii 236.11 . See also Laws i 158.7 - 9 cited above.

With a variety of vbs. expressing levying, exacting, paying tribute: ben do beim císa orainn exact your tribute from us, Lism. L. 3195 . ic brith chīsa Muman. Corp. Gen. 406.10 . fer lé cumthar c.¤ ar coblach, Studies 1920, 418.25 . do ghlacadh cíosa na sealbha `rents', RSClára 49b . ac nougudh (ag gnougudh) a chisa ┐ a chana fein orro, RC xliii 58.9 . cīs in caistiaill d'icc, Grail 3430 . oc tobuch a císa, LU 10435 . Ellipt.: co ná fil . . . / rolamad c.¤ ar Cairind `lay tribute on C.', Ériu iv 98 § 25 .

With prepp. CEN (somet. mere cheville): slíab cen chísu `the mountain free of tax', Metr. Dinds. iii 302.61 . ar do croich cruaid cen cisae innocent(?), Ériu xix 12 § 6 . FO: fo chísu cacht `a captive under tribute', Metr. Dinds. iii 8.83 . us cora mac mucsaide fo chis, Laws v 456.5 . fir 's mná na cruinne fad chíos-sa (of the Cross), DDána 2.4 . suídhe fó chíos tributis serviet', Párl. na mB. 1309 . ro laiset Cenel cConaill fo chios doibh, Hugh Roe² 114.16 . I N-: ingen Rúaid berair hi c.¤ do Fomorib, LU 10439 . SECH: dochuaid sech císu co cert, LU 3065 `i.e. she was exempt from tribute?' Fél. 53 note.

In cheville (see also above): ba buan a c.¤ , Anecd. i 60 § 88 . 65 §134 .

Compds. With nouns: do shaigdis na h-uili seo . . . co Cormac na chischain as tax and tribute, YBL 140b6 . ní thardsad císchain doibh, BB 207b35 . roinn na cíoscána, BNnÉ 258.15 . cuairt ┐ cischanachus a chinid . . . do Ch. `tribute-rents', Fen. 120.7 . ¤-thoibgeóir see toibgeóir.

coimḟigthe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coimḟigthe or dil.ie/10200

 

part. of con-fig. closely woven : cona cruinne[h]imsaib coimfighthi, CCath. 5454 . atáim coimhfhitte = contexerunt me, TSh. 4179 .

coitchenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coitchenn or dil.ie/10455
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: -en

o, ā. Earlier -en. bean choitcheann, bean chaitcheann, IGT Decl. § 137 . See O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 158 .

I As adj.

(a) common, general; usual, ordinary : de phurt choitchent `from a common part', Thes. i 6.23 . in denmada coitchin gl. factoris, Ml. 27b13 . huan bás coitchen hua n-epil cach gl. sulito . . . exitio, 73d7 . uisque c.¤ ordinary, 93b12 . it coitchena do cach ceniul gl. communes . . . omnium gentium, Sg. 10a1 . c.¤ gl. promiscuo, Ml. 37b2 . ind inne issi as c.¤ folad duine huile `that all man is of common substance', Sg. 28a2 (see note). co tici in crich c.¤ Doom, Rawl. 70b4 . ro innarbbad Adam a Pardus hi talmain coitchind, LL 20 . fon chetharaird cotchind, LL 31002 (TTr.). ceiled in cleithi c.¤ (sic leg.) `universal welkin', MR 240.5 . gairm cotchend do techt on Roim, Ann. Conn. 1300.9 . Rí caitcheand cāich (: taitnend), IGT Decl. ex. 1928 . cé hí an bliadain is coitceand and ┐ cé is bliadain ambolis `common . . . intercalary', O'Gr. Cat. 304.17 . ród coitchionn, DDána 23.1 . leis an maith ccoitchinn the common good, RSClára 18b . na tengthacha coittchenna, L. Chl. S. 52 .

(b) public; owned in common : huand seirc rigdai .i. follais nó choitchinn gl. puplico affectu, Ml. 124d13 . treb ch.¤ see treb. i tidhibh coitcinna na dlegar cin bidh foraib . . . no na tighibh féin, O'Curry 2535 ( Eg. 88, 44 (45)c ). i rud c.¤ no i sliab ch.¤ , O'D. 2270 ( Rawl. B 506 23b ). imbleith for lig .i. lia coitcend `common whetstone', Laws v 484.29 Comm. gaire in tsenorach coitchinn `whom they support in common', ii 284.20 Comm. in cathair coitcend, congairech . . . .i. Bruidis, ZCP vi 35.7 . teach n-aíded coitcheand, Mer. Uil.² 160 . a n-inad coitcind public place, Smaointe B. Chr. 2952 . iomad . . . scol gcoitcheann ré múnadh léighinn `public schools', Keat. iii 3033 . brughaidh coitcind conaigh (`general'), AFM iii 578 8 .

(c) Special senses: fiadnaise . . . coitcheann `impartial', Laws ii 344.16 Comm. mad coitcend fiadnaisi, v 24.23 Comm. fer edrana coitcindi, iii 238.22 Comm. co ro-p coitchend ┐ co ro-p fíren 'n-a fhuigell (of king), PH 4151 . taoiseach . . . / . . . coitcheann ceirtbhreathach, Magauran 2893 . tech c.¤ see tech (cf. co rainic an teg coitcionn, Duan. F. i 20.7 `privy', Gloss.). coit[ch]enn gl. commone (of unclean food), Thes. i 497.11 (Ardm.), cf. niór ith mé riám éun ní coitcheann, nó neamhghlan, Acts x 14 . ris na [mnáibh] coitchionna whores, Párl. na mB. 2578 . bheith catoilice, .i. bheith coitchend, Ó Héodhusa 33.16 .

(d) In gramm. contexts (see also under II): acciditi coitchenna gl. accedentia . . . generalia, Sg. 71b9 . onbrethir choitchind asberar suffragor, Gild. Lor. 1 . coitcenn ┐ diles ┐ ruidles dlegar don focul is eitged `common, a proper, and a peculiar application', Laws iii 94.23 Comm. ainm c.¤ doib uile generic name, i 258.20 . coitcend doip uili fedha do radh riu (of consonants), Auraic. 3555 . coitchend . . . o dialt immach (of tomus), 758 . coitcend a thapairt for cech innsge iter ciallaide no neamciallaide, saorda ┐ aigenta, 3031 . ann coitcheann `a.' used impersonally, Bard. Synt. Tr. 222.21 . ga háoinfhiodh as coitcheann a n-earnuile, IGT Introd. 5.14 . With regard to ann coitchenn, as coitchenn see further Éigse xxii 137 .

With DO: coitchen do cach peccad gl. generaliter, Ml. 56b41 . aní ba choitchen doaib sem huili, Sg. 50a3 . is c.¤ do cech belru, Ml. 42c14 . combad c.¤ a suillsi don tegluch to give light to the whole household, LU 9199 ( FB 92 ).

Compar.: níra choitchinniu Briccni da charait andá dá námait `no fairer', TBC-LL² 4870 = cotruime, St., `did not associate more freely', Ériu xiii 158 . naoimh oile . . . is coitchinne ioná . . . do luadhamar `more generally known', Keat. iii 1796 . conair is coitchinne, TSh. 10765 . Adv.: d'erfuacra na hesergi co c.¤ , LU 2512 . cucoitchend, Three Hom. 124.10 . ac adhmilledh na cruinne co coitcenn `the whole earth', Stair Erc. 629 .

II As subst.

(a) Gramm. In Sg. glosses of nouns which are of more than one gender and verbs with same form for a person of the sg. and a person of the pl., etc., appar. n.: coitchen decheneli common nouns, Sg. 63a1 (perh. compd., note). ara-necatar coitchena in or `common nouns in or', 65a11 . biid immurgu coitchen trechenélae in .x., 114b1 . coitchena so etir di árim in oenṡun (ἦλθον', 1. s. and 3 pl.), 72a2 . Note also: dede do airbeirt a gerind gnimo et coitchin gl. ab actiuis uel communibus nata, 149b7 . sechmoella coitchen hórangabáil sechmadacht gl. communia (uerba), 196b2 .

(b) common property, commonage : cach nī do choitchiunn fil etorru, Corp. Gen. 208.7 . ar morcoitcindib na crichi, ZCP x 307.29 . In phrases: in c.¤ the accepted (vulgate) version: doreir in coitchínd, BB 41a24 . do for[ṡ]lontib Ulad īar c.¤ , ZCP viii 331.10 i coitchiunn, i c.¤ in general, equally: dóib uili i coitciund, Ériu iv 144.21 . co brāth a coitcenn ┐ trie pithu sír jointly(?), ZCP viii 103.13 . ethuch i coitcenn etir Ecluis ┐ tuath `in general', Laws i 56.3 Comm. beantagha cháich i gcoitchinn (: binn) (of St. Margaret), DDána 68.41 .

(c) (monastic) community: cid do bíud bói isin choitchend, Lib. Hymn. 62.10 (B). tionoilit amach (sámadh, v.l.) an baile ┐ an coitcend go léir, ZCP x 10.18 . cleirech don coitchend (do muintir S., v.l.), 20 . comarba I. timchill coitchend Tuama da gualand, RC xviii 50.28 (Tig.). don choitchend cristaide, LB 200 marg. inf.

Compds. inna monistre .i. inna coitchennbet[h]ath cenobitic life, Thes. ii 27.36 (BCr.). ba coitchindbérla, úair ro foglaimthea leis bérla cacha tíri skilled in many languages, Mer. Uil.² 80 .

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