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admat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. admat or dil.ie/498

 

n o, m. vn. formation from *ad-moin-, see Celtica iv 46 and i 339 .

(a) invention, contrivance; device, artifice: bid hé corp ar n-aicde / a.¤ na ba tíamdae, Fél. Prol. 293 . gnim tanaissi . . . a.¤ adfét in scriptúir . . . bacc iairnn cech oenfir the second thing they made, an object which Scripture tells of, was an iron hook for each man, SR 4202 (of the construction of the Ark) (= is é gním tánaise dorigned ann . . . baccán iarinn cech aenduine, Celtica iv 30 ). glé ni hinunn seis na smacht / gne na hintliucht, na a.¤ craft (of the animal creation), SR 7266 . isochma do Día coro cumtaige cen adbar . . . cech n-a.¤ no cech n-aicde bes áil dó, LU 2601 . suí cech admait conna rabi riam . . . goba bad ferr, LL 13566 . greas for indeoin, admad a ceardca, tirad a n-aith, Laws v 474.2 . aithgabail goband . . . gat im indeoin ┐ apud nad derna atmat fuirri, ii 118.23. Comm. ingean Mhuireadha Meas fial-nar / ca hadmad caem ar nar' chlis, Ériu x 84 § 79 . Hence material esp. timber: atá an t-adhmat benta isin coilledh aguind (for building a church), BNnÉ 237 § 163 . ag tarraing an adhmaid on coilled, 238 § 164 . rugadar clocha . . . ┐ an tadhmad, 1 Kings xv 22 . In follg. passage glossed .i. foglaim (falso inference?): adhmad .i. foglaim . . . deismirecht aile ann gurab inann adhmad ┐ foglaim, amail adeir isin Breisligh . . . Cuin do raghtar fris? . . . co nderntar tri gaiscid linne . . . .i. adhmat sechtmaine. Is mithig duin . . . erfuagra uan for firu Erenn. Nocha mithigh . . . uair adhmad sechtmaine is adhmad secht mbliadna .i. aon la cacha bliadna . . . fri denam na ngae, O'Curry 977 (H. 3.18, 422) (from Aided Con Culainn). So also Thurn. Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 15.28 (from H. 3.18, 601) `Stoff für eine Woche' etc., `material for study practice', Plummer MS. notes.

(b) poetical composition, poem: Flann mac Lonán . . . .cc. in t-adhmadsa isin lo iarna marbad, Irish Texts i 24.18 . do nithi leisiom an laoidh / an drecht sa t-adhmad d'entaoibh ZCP ii 352.11 . airligud in dine (.i. in diune) cach fir dana, dian prim-a.¤ no prim-cerdd i n-aga a erco, Laws v 372.x . is mithigh anes o eigsibh / a meic, sguir d' adhmhad tre aiebh, Ériu x 88 § 109 . ní thuillfeadh san adhmad-sa / an deachmhadh cuid dod chaithréim in this composition, DDána 120.37 . aithris dí na mharbhlaoidh más adhmad dúinn, Ó Bruad. iii 226 § ii . dá ndeachoinn do dheilbh adhmoid, Studies 1920, 263.11 . adhmad beag andso do rinde M. Séon Carsuel (a poem directing his book on its course), Carswell p. 24 . ní marbhnaid bud dáothan dó / mar ṡaothar adhmaid énbhó, IGT Decl. ex. 649 .

aidbsiugad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidbsiugad or dil.ie/854

 

vn. of aidbsigid. act of enhancing, exaggerating, boasting about: adeir P. ag aidhbhsioghadh na guaisi céadna, Desid. 3499 . ag aibhsioghadh h'óighdealbha boasting about, L. Cl. A. B. 208.6 . ní bhiadh cuid aidhbhsighthe ann `much to boast of', Content. xiv 47 . dá gcosnadais Gáidil Eirenn a n-atharda . . . ní beith cuid aidbsigte ag na Gailldeoradaib ar inis Eirenn `ground for glorification', Caithr. Thoirdh. 2.29 . tarla aimhsiughadh mór cugum .i. días ban . . . tuc grádh damh-sa wonder, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1151 . Gramm. `aibhsiughadh `the Augmentative' ... as roigheal very white', Mac Curtin, Elements of the Irish Language (1728) p. 51 .

ainnel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainnel or dil.ie/1485

 

Forms: ainnli

n ā, f. ainneal .c. (ainneall .l.) f. (g s. and n p. ainnli), IGT Decl. § 54 . swallow: mar ḟandaill, TBC-LL¹ 1301 = aindli, St. rioth na hainnle a ionnshamhail, DDána 53.13 . ag uigh ainnle, IGT Decl. ex. 1380 . bíd ar bélaibh cluic san chill / cuid dá hénaibh let ainnill (.l.), ex. 1384 . munar aithrigh lón dá ḟleidh / caithfidh a hól le hainlibh, ex. 1364 . luas ainnli nó feirbe, CF 562 . otrach na háinle, TSh. 79 .

Cf. fannall.

ainsic

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainsic or dil.ie/1530
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj (cf. 1 secc). Epithet of a cauldron (coire) variously explained by glossators: caire a.¤ .i. an-aisic .i. īarsinni aisices a dliged do gach ae. nō an-scuithe .i. neamscuithe .i. gan toichned dogrēs, Corm. Y 361 . caire ansíc .i. an 'gá diultad conach siccus tirimm he acht a beith bithḟliuch dogrés, O'Dav. 321 . briuguid ... oca mbí caire ansic 'who has a cauldron which is never dry', QML xiii 4 § 4 . Glossed: .i. caire dlegar do beth for tine do gres ar cind cach tascuir dodainic, Laws i 48.6 Comm. briugu leiteac . . . coiri ainsicc lais, v 78.8 .i. coir[e] aigi as aiscend a dliged do cach, 11 Comm. caire ainsicean . . . .i. caire no aisicead a cuid choir do gach en, MR 50.21 . cori asicain (ansicain v.l.) no ainsirc (leg. ainsicc), IT iii 187 § 8 = coiri aisic, § 9.

1 aird

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aird or dil.ie/1792
Last Revised: 2019

 

n f. See Vendr. Lex.

(a) peak, point: mind . . . ceithri ardda cruanmoithni [fair], Trip.² 943 . cach n-ulind . . . ┐ cach n-a.¤ ┐ cach n-aircind don charput sin, LU 6403 (TBC). ra a.¤ a gúaland, MU² 726 . samalta lim ra trí airdi ind echrad-sin. elta dub-en os chind arbaige, etc., LL 189b29 . cach duine a.¤ each on his hill, Ériu iv 130.8 .

(b) Usually point of the compass, quarter, direction: cethri arda in domain .i. tair ┐ tíar tess ┐ túaid, LU 10063 . rosir [in teidm] fo chethri hairdib Erenn, RC xvii 416.24 (Tig.). fo chetheora ardda in betha, SR 8044 . scailit fo arttaibh ind aiéoir, RC xxvi 364.23 . tabraid triar cacha arda immon ṁbudinsin, LL 13939 . cia hardi robatar ina rigi what were the limits of his kingdom, BB 488a42 . trí treba di cech a.¤ impi, LB 121b4 = gacha airde, Celtica iv 32.457 . ro élodh A. . . . as gach áird d'a chéile from one point to another, Ériu i 81.1 . cucligi in talman occa thochur dar a.¤ ┐ dar cenn `being turned up . . .', Ériu ii 138 § 137 . cridhe san a.¤ -sin níor fhéagh heart never looked in that direction, Dán Dé xxiii 29 . i nacchaid na des-airde southwards, BNnÉ 70 § 117 . do na Pictibh san a.¤ thuaidh, Keat. iii 1343 . ní cóir a.¤ ar tús no ar deireadh comhfhocuil achd soir no siar ré n-airdibh eile words meaning points of the compass, IGT Introd. 24 § 98 .

In various adv. phrases. a.¤ in a.¤ batar in da cath in line , Cog. 168.24 . do gerrsin in gormslegh a.¤ a n-a.¤ gusa imlinn all the way up, Comp. CC 110.7 . a.¤ i n-a.¤ frisna rothaib iarndaidib level with, LU 6503 (TBC). co tarla in muir a.¤ fri a.¤ (ard inard, St.) fris i.e. the sea was level with his head. TBC-LL¹ 1309 . o ra siacht C. ard fri a.¤ (ard inard, St.) fris, 1179 . a.¤ an ard re cerdcae ciormhaire opposite , TFrag. 222.22 . ard i na.¤ fria roile `opposite each other', AFM v 1672.1 . tuittfit na slēibhti innus co mbet a.¤ ar a.¤ frisna glenntaib, RC xxviii 312 § 11 . ar a.¤ present: ar airt cona roib etarcéin `on the spot', Wb. 26a14 . G. ┐ A. rí Róman ar a.¤ occa G. and A. king of the Romans were present at it (viz. a ceremony), Trip.² 303 . badar da righdamna . . . ar a.¤ acu, Snedg. u. Mac R 31.17 . ma ta in fear ar aird 'if the husband is at hand', Mar. Dis. 34 § 14 . for a.¤ , PH 5433 . ni beo fen for a.¤ I shall not be alive, Three Hom. 70.20 . neart do lámh ar a.¤ ní fhuil the strength of your hands is not noticeable, DDána 56.5 . gan fheagra ar a.¤ ná éifeacht `without an answer of any weight or effect', Content. xxi 4 . beirid ar a.¤ brings forward, displays: tucsat . . . na cathfir a ceird muccada ar a.¤ `the champions displayed their swineherd's art', Dinds. 57 ( RC xv 453 ). conid hi dombeir ar a.¤ madain domnaig `tis she that brings it up (on the shore)', 139 ( RC xvi 147 ). tuc in tespuc in lebar for a.¤ , PH 25 . mentions expressly, cites: gin go tucc ar a.¤ though he did not mention it explicitly, O'D. 522 ( H 3.17, c. 424 ). cuid crui don eiric tucad ar a.¤ . . . ┐ cuitig flatha . . . na tuc ar a.¤ , O'Curry 2103 (H. 4.22, fo. 76a). is aire tuc tar crich ar a.¤ i.e. he expressly added the words `tar crich', O'D. 605 ( H 3.17, c. 424 ). logh bó . . . ná tard for áird do beth a foeitsecht aigi `he has in reserve the value . . . which he does not bring into the account', Laws iv 132.24 Comm. dāla Conculaind doberar ar a.¤ it is mentioned (transition of narrative from the doings of Fer Diad to those of C. C.), TBC-I¹ 2574 . dosbert na briathra sa ar a.¤ he said these words aloud, TBC-LL¹ 1497 . nach ttabhairther a nanmanna for a.¤ , `whose names are not given', AFM vi 2074.24 . cuirid ar a.¤ proclaims: orrtha chodoil chríche faghladh / fiadha í Chéin do chor ar a.¤ , O'Hara 4408 . ós a.¤ aloud, openly, publicly (opp. of ós ísel, cf. 1 ard): tucsat gáir . . . os a.¤ , LB 151b34 . ni ba menma . . . la cech oen turcebus airbert ngaiscid uas a.¤ hi tirib Grec, LL 400a39 . siodhach ós a.¤ ┐ eissíodhach ó mhenmain, AFM v 1772.x . do-beir ós a.¤ tells aloud, expresses openly: oc tabairt a n-anmand ós a.¤ , LU 10496 . dobered cách a chomram . . . ós a.¤ each used to tell his triumphs aloud, LU 3233 ( SCC § 2 ). iomthūsa M. dobearar ōs a.¤ , ML² 1542 . cuirid ós a.¤ : gan dáil cruidh do chor ós a.¤ , O'Hara 4304 . téit ós aird becomes public: sul deach ós a.¤ mh'fúasgaladh `ere my release be noised abroad', Ériu ix 162 § 1 . gidh measa ag Dia a dhol ós aird `though He likes not open (sin)', Dán Dé xxiii 27 . ?As prep. phrase: ag teacht na bhfarraid ós arroid na ndaoine before the people, 23 P 18, 25 b26 . Also with prec. c (g): imthúsa Clainni Cailitín do-berar cosaird, Comp. CC 88.7 . tucadh a gairm righ gos a.¤ let the king's cry be raised, CF 914 . narb ail leis mi-clu gos a.¤ do tabairt di, Smaointe B. Chr. 493 . do chuir Martha na mirbuile cos a.¤ (= publicavit), 1778 .

1 airigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airigid or dil.ie/2103

 

Forms: oirighidh, oirighthe, oirighin, airide

[i, f.] Vn. formation from ar-saig, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 606 . See 2 airigid. oirighidh f. (g s. oirighthe), IGT Decl. § 150 . Also oirighin, ZCP x 277.21 and later airide (section (e) infra).

(a) Glossing delibatio: ind a.¤ .i. christus no apostolus , Wb. 5b23 . huand a.¤ .i. huan togu gl. delebatione iudicii, Ml. 123a13 . Note also: magi . . . primi adorant paruulum, primi .i. na hirgde .i. . . . ex gentibus hi fuerunt , Lib. Hymn. i 37 gl. 14 (or for airegdai?).

(b) choice (honorific?) portion of food, choice dish as preliminary to a meal: airigthi bíd ┐ lenna, MU² 206 . TBC-LL¹ 400 . mucc ┐ mart ┐ ag . . . ba hí insin a prīma.¤ cenmotha a [fh]ritha.¤ preliminary snack , MacCongl. 3.16 . ba si a.¤ ban Ulad o mnai ind ḟir las n-denta ind ḟled .i. secht n-daim . . ., special portion, IT ii1 173.4 . d'iarraid airigthi barsna luchtairib `to ask the cooks for choice provisions', RC xiii 58 § 51 . airigthi airerda . . . do cech biud, TFerbe 86 . in tan bus mithigh lib bhar cuid, fogebthai, uair bhar n-airighidh ro caithsib `Vorspeise', Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 43.3 . ar daigh ni fil airighidh linn dooib, RC xiii 5 z . uair m'a.¤ in bargen a chíanaib ┐ mo [p]rím-chuit in bargen út, Ériu i 134.5 . uaim gu míl craige a chinidh / bídh aige na oirighidh, IGT Decl. ex. 1099 . ? trireach .i. tre-arech tri airíghthe íntí, IT iii 105 § 210 .

(c) Used in pl. in Laws in passages dealing with the testing of malt, perh. sample, test (perhaps in some examples confused with airiugad): ma is na treabuibh dligtecha ┐ fromthar a airithe ┐ ni raithighter fair . . . muna hairigtur forra hairighe . . . if choice samples are tasted, and no (imperfection) is found in it(?), Laws ii 242.28 Comm. ocht meich bracha . . . cona airigthib coirib, ZCP xiv 355 § 13 ( Laws ii 250 ) (`mit den ordnungsmässigen `Bemerkungen' (Proben)) .i. is coraiti hi a fromad im a hairigthib, Laws ii 252.12 Comm. madh isna trebuib dligthecha fromthar a hairidhe ┐ nir hairi[g]ther [olc] fair, v 166.21 Comm. ma hairigther for a hairidhe (hairidhthib v.l.), 25 Comm. dia fegthar airigthi cacha bracha, 168.5 Comm.

(d) With follg. g s. first fruits, choice, pick, etc.: do thuitim siu ina a.¤ gaiscid leis `as the first-fruits of his prowess' (Faraday), TBC-I¹ 2240 ( i n-airigidh, TBC-LL¹ 3155 (St.), a n-oirighin, ZCP x 277.21 ). isna airigthib gascid (na hairighe aigh ┐ iorgaile v.l. St.) danímmís ac Scathaig . . . dachuatar bar a n-airigthib (airigib v.l. St.) gascid choice feats of arms, TBC-LL¹ 3552 . ga gaiscedh ara racham aniogh? Ar ar n-oiridhibh gaile ┐ gaiscidh, ZCP x 290.18 . a.¤ mo catha cain / Airgialla `the ornaments of my beauteous army' MR 162.16 . a.¤ urgabala, 200.12 . oirigthe cecha huilc, PH 713 . a ḟás a gclí choimhidhigh / a bhás dob í a oirighidh, IGT Decl. ex. 2002 . oirighidh oinigh, ex. 2010 . gan airighthe botha ┐ na bélsgatha, Celt. Rev. x 134.6 . Of weapons: frasa . . . da nairightibh catha, Manners and Customs ii 262 n.204 . co ndernaid ceo cruaid . . . clocharmneimnech do na céd oirighaib sin, Caithr. Thoirdh. 113.4 . cuimnighedh gach cathmílid a clochairghidh, 106.19 .

(e) Of a person one who deserves (with prep. AR introducing thing deserved) (see O'Rahilly, SGS ii 13 ): dona tighearnaibh is fearr dairidhe air `to the lords who best deserve it', Carswell 2.12 . budh maith an airigh ar inbhe an tAilin sin, Rel. Celt. ii 168.17 . ní hairidhe ar mhaithfeachas an té atá fós a neascairdeas Dé, Mac Aingil 6353 . Note also: do badh maith an airighi da denamh sin thusa you would be a good hand at doing that, CF 763 (see CF² 1092 note ).

3 aithnid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 aithnid or dil.ie/2763

 

(2 aithne)

I As adj. known, acquainted, familiar. In attrib. use: bean aithnidh, IGT Decl. § 170 . an t-aos aithnidh acquaintances, Dán Dé xxv 12 . ret éigeas n-aithnidh, Aithd. D. 40.17 . éol aithnidh, IGT Decl. ex. 1299 . In pred. use: nitat achinti indiu ar ro chloemcoiset [a n-] anmand, LU 65 . Note also: rob aithnidh eólach etorra, Hugh Roe² 26.8 `he was a familiar acquaintance among them', Gloss. Superl. gidh tú as aithnighe i nÉirinn, DDána 101.38 . With DO: na bad achnid do Choin Ruí . . . tuarascbála Ulad would C. R. not know, MU² 518 . a.¤ dam eich na féinne, SG 100.11 . nirbh' aithnigh disi Art gur ba lendan dí é she did not know that A. was her lover, Ériu iii 152 § 5 . sochaide . . . do neoch roptar aithenta dó féin, RC xxv 394.9 . Note also: do bhí an deisgiobal sin aithnidh don easbog, TSh. 3204 . Of carnal knowledge: nírbh aichnid dhi fer romham, SG 5.17 . Compar. ni haic[h]enta damh . . . ina daib fein, CCath. 5169 . Adv. co h-aithnidh inntlechtach expertly, ML² 684 .

II As subst. one who is known, acquaintance, friend: ni boi cara no aichnid doibsium innte acquaintance, LB 142a39 . etir aichnid ┐ anaichnid both known and unknown (persons), PH 4152 . sochaide dia aichintib fen, Aen. 1329 . tuccsat aic[h]ne for aighthib na n-aichenta, CCath. 5557 . cuid da n-aithentoib, Aisl. Tond. 111 § xvii 1 . ? is faill cech n-aichnid, LU 3916 ( SCC § 43 ).

Perh. in sense of aithne in: da inadh ar aithnit duinn ar talmain = duo in terra loca esse novimus, Ir. Astr. Tr. 142.4 .

1 aithrigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aithrigid or dil.ie/2785
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: athraigid

v Also athraigid. Late form of ad-eirrig and no doubt influenced by aithrige, q.v., see (b) below.

(a) changes, alters, moves (intrans. and trans.) Intrans. rí . . . / asathoil nir' athrucha who did not turn from his purpose, SR 7754 . re lia gcorr do chuir a shlios / . . . / níor aithnidh do chách an cleas / an treas tráth gur aithrigh as until he moved from it i.e. until he arose (of Christ), Dán Dé ix 29 . do athraigh sén catha cloinne Cais an lá sin, AFM v 1572.4 . co natrocadh an seantrom `so that the earth would change', Ir. Astr. Tr. 74.x . do shúil re hanáir nach athraigh / d'fhagháil dúinn i ndaghthaigh Dé, DDána 17.33 . athraigis in teagh . . . go rānic gusin log so, Fl. Earls 116 z . bídh cuid díbh doní etilladh ┐ aithrighius ón tír co céli (= qui vont de region en region), O'Gr. Cat. 213.9 . gur athruigh sé ó bhás gu beathaidh, John v 24 . anaidh ag bhar n-oidibh féin . . . ná hathraighidh, Content. xvi 83 . ? ó ro lessaig Fiacha in Féind / co ro athrígis-si, a Oisséin until you changed(?), Acall. 2492 .

Trans. niaithrégsa he hi céin bam beo, Fél.² li 20 = ni aithreghsa, Fél. Feb. 11 Comm. ro ath[ar]raigh longphort (atharraigh, v.l.), CCath. 1331 . tucc D. an baile sin do Déclan ┐ do athraigh fein a bhaile ass go hionad ele, ITS xvi 12.11 . gabhaid daoine is is díobh mé / an ród aimhréidh as fhaide / athraighid is claon céille / raon athghairid eichréidhe exchange(?), Dán Dé vi 3 . ní hathraighthe asa céim `was not changed from his rank', CCath. 80 . dá mbeith . . . go n-aithreōchainn na sléibhthe, Desid. 4244 . arthaigter co minic iad (of plasters), O'Gr. Cat. 193.4 . go nathruighid a mbeusa, Donlevy xv 5 . ní athróch-sa in téidedhsa, Caithr. Thoirdh. 107.37 . ní aithrigh síon séis mbuinne `the tempest does not alter the note of the stream', Studies 1921, 75 § 14 . ní háithreochthar fréamh a nfíréin, Proverbs xii 3 . áthruigh do chos ó nolc, iv 27 . athruigh uáimse do bhuille, Psalms xxxix 10 . do áthruigh tú mo thúarasdal, Gen. xxxi 41 .

With nouns indicating form, shape, appearance etc.: connách bia aingil . . . nách aithrébadh delbh lé mét in gábaid sin `qui ne change de forme', RC xxiv 382.20 . athrigedh (leg. -idh) an topur sin balad . . . cach aenúair has a different perfume, Maund. 147 . tobur J. athriges dath cacha bliadne cethri húaire, 103 . taom asar athraigh aigneadh, TD 15.3 . Cf. dá haighidh do aithrigh gné, DDána 103.4 . datharruigh a dhealbh `his countenance fell', Gen. iv 5 .

(b) repents: mani (manini MS.) aithriged (leg. aithriget, edd.), Mon. Tall. 128.6 (§ 2) . ro faillsige Dia i fiadnaisi na n-uili pobul corom aithriger-sa, YBL 156b49 . Vn. athrugad

allud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. allud or dil.ie/2992

 

Forms: alluda, allaid

n m. g s. alluda, LL 12516 . allaid, Alex. 394 . fame, renown, glory: a.¤ .i. nōs: nō alad a laude , Corm. Y 86 . rí co nallodaib o[l]lmár (alladaib, MS.), SR 6762 . cudu a.¤ [a] deigloir, AU i 442.15 . ropu lán Hériu . . . dia a.¤ ┐ dia scélaib, TBFr. 12 . at mathi . . . Fir Breg . . . im a.¤ , LU 4265 . ni fair bías a nós nách a a.¤ nach a irdarcus, 6377 (TBC). niro thallastar a uáill nach a a.¤ . . . i nErind, 9046 ( FB 79 ). ar a.¤ ┐ érgna ┐ aurlabra, 8247 (19). alludh ergna distinguished fame, BB 45a17 . cen a.¤ án, LL 4221 . a alladh 's a aebh, BB 57a4 . ba h-a.¤ mór do Lugaid, LL 14533 . ar a.¤ ┐ gail ┐ gasciud, LU 8815 ( FB 61 ). im echt im alladh im uaill, BB 52b15 . a húaill, a ha.¤, a hindsaigthi, Ériu iv 146 § 25 . in dímolta ┐ int allad ┐ in inocbail ro gab A., Alex. 629 . ? do chungid allaid ┐ étala, LL 217b36 ( TTr. 59 ). tuilleadh gach laoi ort d'alladh, Aithd. D. 11.21 . clū alla ┐ oirrdercus, Fl. Earls 142.6 . urrann dá allamh (.i. cuid dá chlú), Ó Bruad. iii 156.5 . allad gaiscid fame for prowess, YBL 126a1 .

? anbáth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? anbáth or dil.ie/3396

 

n consternation: ecla mor ┐ anbath do gabail na nGall, Ann. Conn. 1264.7 = anbháthad, ALC i 448.3 . cuid da harmáil . . . ag cur anbháth ar mhórbhailtibh, Ó Bruad. iii 70.22 . do éirigh isin tres tráth / do lái ar Idhaluibh anmfáth (leg. anbhfáth, ed.) `He brought dismay upon the Jews', Ériu iv 112.14 . Cf. anfáth. See follg.

anmor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anmor or dil.ie/3690

 

adj (mór) huge, enormous: cuid d'iasc anmhor, BNnÉ 74.5 .

argam(a)int

Cite this: eDIL s.v. argam(a)int or dil.ie/4135
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: argum(e)int, -e, argumanti, arguiminti, arguini, arrumainte, arrmuinti, armainntib

n f. Orig. indecl. in sg., see GOI 191 , 574 (Lat. argumentum). O. Ir. argum(e)int. Later also -e. argumanti, Hib. Min. 250 . arguiminti, Mac Aingil 6067 . arguini. Luc. Fid. 5028 . arrumainte, Trip. xliii 2 . For the change rg > rr cf. immurgu (O. Ir. immurgu). Note also arrmuinti (g p.), Smaointe B. Chr. 5649 . armainntib, Ir. Astr. Tr. 2.20 . With unlen. m in edd. of early mod. texts. Mod. Ir. -úin, -óin.

(a) the means by which an assumption is made clear, argument, evidence, reason: argumint gl. argumentum, Thes. ii 18.32 (BCr.). argumind, 17.32 (ibid). ar theguisg an diabhal d'argamuinntibh dhó (of Luther), Mac Aingil 5280 . dorone arrgamint for da teóra a n-aghaidh E., Stair Erc. 1314 (see p. xxviii ). uile shleadha arguimeinnteadh th'eascarad, Desid. 4685 . cia do ḟoirmeadh an arguin sin? Luc. Fid. 4911 . go bhfoireadh Dia ar fhear na harguna-sin, 4996 . le arguin, le ceill, 4988 . cuid d'argúntaibh na n-eiriceach, Eochairsg. 94.23 . ag freagradh dona cúig argóntaibh, 42.11 .

(b) contents, subject, theme (of a written work etc.): is argumeint do cid a titul gl. titulo suo contenens argumentum, Ml. 40b1 . file ressind argumint seo .i. gaibid mod ṅargumint gl. titulus quoque instar argumenti est, 64c 11 - 12 . is hed tosceuli ind argumint so, Thes. ii 39.25 . is ed a ndéde so rogabad dún isnaib argumentaib, Ml. 74b1 . issi . . . ind a.¤ in chanóin forsa fothaigther in caiptel, Lib. Hymn. 66.3 . argamaint seo remi-tet / ind ochtmad sailm dēc ar chēt, Ériu xi 104 § 5 . foillsigter na focail ar tri coraib .i. scel ┐ arrumainte ┐ [s]tair, Trip. xliii 2 (see Éigse xi 18 ). caiti deochor etir in argumaint ┐ in titail, Hib. Min. 8 . 265 . arrgamaint dorala ar menmuin in ugduir ann, O'D. 1990 ( Eg. 90, 14a ) = O'Curry 1621 ( 23 Q 6, 7a ). is amluidh so riagailter in rath argamaind `account', Laws ii 218.18 Comm. is i meit na haragamaint so uile, 220.y Comm.

armáil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. armáil or dil.ie/4191

 

n (arm)

(a) army: armāil fichet míle fer, Fl. Earls 104.5 . otchualaigh O'C. . . . a.¤ an tíre ar tanucchadh, AFM vi 2174.y . cuid da ha.¤ ins an Almáin, Ó Bruad. iii 70. x . d'athnuadhucchadh a armala `recruit his army', AFM v 1718.19 . ard-general armāla rīgh na Spáinne, Fl. Earls 42.13 .

(b) arms, equipment: dfurtacht an bhaile co lón ┐ co n-a.¤ , AFM vi 1982.23 . gan a.¤ nó sdór astigh aguinn, Mac Aingil 838 . armour: cuiridh iomuibh a.¤ Dé, Ephesians vi 11 .

balsam(m), balsaim(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. balsam(m), balsaim(e) or dil.ie/5315

 

Forms: balsaim, balsaim

n m. (Lat. balsamum) balsam; unguent, balm: inceissi in betha . . . ┐ a balsaime, Laud 610, 25b (Plummer MS. notes). balsaim os gach lind, Uí Maine (Facs.) 124a59 . sinomum ┐ ballsam (balsaim, v.l.) ┐ mirr (for embalming), TTebe 2212 . balsam cobhartha cédfadh / . . . / do mhér (to a harper) `balm to heal the senses', Studies 1919, 613 § 12 . cuireas C. cuid don íce ┐ don bhalsuim . . . re cneadhaibh . . . Bh., ITS xxiv 112.24 . corp R. do chumhdach do bhalsaimm, xix 96.z. baladh . . . an balsume, Stair Erc. 500. Attrib. g s. an béal bionnfoclach balsaim , Dánta Gr. 16.48 .

barún

Cite this: eDIL s.v. barún or dil.ie/5440

 

Forms: -ún, -úin, baróin

n o, m. (Fr. loanword, Risk p. 591) g s. -ún and -úin, IGT Decl. § 35. baron: ardbarun Laigen `chief baron', Ann. Conn. 1235.8 . baruin na hErenn, 1237.5 . imtúsa laochbarúnadh leithi Mogha, Caithr. Thoirdh. 91.20 . gan baruin gan iarladha gan sguiera, Smaointe B. Chr. 396. a baruna na Fraingce, Fier. 152. cuid do chíos an bh.¤ bhig, IGT Decl. ex. 942. gidh b. do ghabh súd mar stíl air, Keat. Poems 725. baróin, Rel. Celt. ii 260.24 .

blog

Cite this: eDIL s.v. blog or dil.ie/6165

 

Forms: blag, blad, blogh, bladh

n ā, f. See O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 165. Also blag, blad. blogh bladh (ón roind), IGT Decl. § 39.16 .

(a) fragment, piece, bit: b.¤ dergthened (rhetoric), LU 8683 ( FB 52 ). boíseom oc ithi blogi do thanaig. . . . Dobeir in ṁbloig isin tabaill, LL 14429 , 30 . cindus rombatur int psailm hi tosugh . . . i mblogaibh `in fragments', Hib. Min. 7.3 . blagh don telcomu `a fragment of that cask', Lism. L. 4409. lestar . . . cu torchair ┐ co nderna(d) bloga de (= confractum est), Lat. Lives 73 § 67. do bert builli di co cloidim co nderna di bloig (sic leg.) di made two pieces of her, Laws i 74.2 Comm. co ro-scáil a ṅdíb blogu (of an enchanted animal), PH 1180. a sciath ina blodhuibh brisdi fura thaebh, ZCP vi 44.21 . domarb se seiser dib le bloidh bic do crann sleghi, 280.30 . cóir damh go bhfionnam an bhfuil / blagh ionnam do na harmuibh, DDána 5.5 . blagh (blodh, v.l.) dá héill le a (let, v.l.) ferchoinsin a piece of . . . leash, IGT Decl. ex. 419. an bloghúd don bhairghin, ex. 923 . go ndéantar blogha béal-sgaoilte dhi (of a wrecked ship), TSh. 735. blogo egae (B. na f.), ACL iii 310 § 4. brisfighthear a mblodhuibh sibh = shall be broken in pieces, Isaiah viii 9. le dteilgthear . . . gach blodh d'armaibh innilte na hurchóide piece (separate weapon ?), Eochairsg. 47.3 . Fig. of a saint: b.¤ dond liic lógmair, Fél. Oct. 5.

(b) part, portion: bladh .i. rann no cuid do ní, O'Cl. co n-derna v blogai de (viz. of bacon), IT i 41.20 . brisedh do thabhairt annsin for blaidh da sluagh, AFM iii 384.5 . mar bhloigh don Bhórumha `share', Aithd. D. 4.8 . a chor ina chalaind féin / blodh do phéin an anaim úaib, IGT Decl. ex. 720 . inniss dúinni . . . blogh (bladh, v.l.) ale dott imthechtaib another bit of your adventure, Anecd. i 29.14 . blagh . . . dá bhoirb-éachtaibh, TSh. 1168. Of land, territory, terrain etc.: cot ngab rígi blogi do Ultaib .i. Mag Murthemni, IT ii2 215.26 . bladh d'feronn, BNnÉ 284 § 271 . dar cenn bloighi bicce don doman, CCath. 553. aga raibhe bladh mór don tír `a large portion of the territory', AFM vi 2006.5 . imon mbloidh mbicc tíre i mboí, 2260.15 . Coire Bhreacán blagh dar gconair `part of our path', SGS iv 62 § 8. Of time: iar mbloid don ló, Ériu v 116.4 . sē bliadna . . . co mbloidh do blíadain, ZCP viii 111.27 . o caictigis do gemrid co blaig don errach `from . . . the first fortnight in Winter into the Spring', Ann. Conn. 1339.4 . tar bloigh dá n-aois, DDána 42.9 . do ghabhadar . . . ríoghacht Éireann bladh do bhliadhain `part of a year', Keat. ii 1823.

A part of a number of people, animals, etc.: fagbhus blogh día naomaibh ag cantain oifice Dé ann, BNnÉ 187 § 27 . ar cenn na blodhe eile . . . don Gamanraige `the rest of the G.', Ériu viii 138.5 . blogh d'aes na criche sin, Marco P. 165. a mbloigh dia mbarcuibh `some of the ships', 150 . blad da n-echaib maithi, Ann. Conn. 1288.5 . blogh dib darab ainm acuta ┐ blod d[ara]b ainm croinica ` group' (of diseases), RC xlix 55.22 , 23 .

In literary contexts: (explaining esse feda ` essence . . . of letter ') in b.¤ aoir tebide gebhes in fid i n-elluch focail `the fragment of cut off air' (of a vowel), Auraic. 897. is blod do q quidim u, 2838 . in blad sin issin sceol that passage , BB 428b45 . conidh bladh do bhethaid Mhaodhocc conuicce sin, BNnÉ 274 § 249 . blag bec de, TBC-I¹ 800. tirūarsi ┐ blogha beca dhī (viz. of the Táin), ACL iii 4.24 .

Compds. blod beim bailc `smashing onset', Cog. 172.29 . blo[g]bemnech na scíath ┐ na bocote, TFerbe 331 . iar ná bhlaidhrébadh lá gonna mór `greatly battered', AFM vi 2328. 3 .

1 bocht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bocht or dil.ie/6248
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: -cht, boicht, bochtu, bochta, boichte, bochta

orig. part. of boingid (see Corm. Bodl. 55.13 ). For quality of -cht in inflexion see GOI § 351.

(a) Adj. o, ā poor : b.¤ gl. pauper, Ir. Gl. 1058. b.¤ .i. a nomine botus (βρακύτης, ed.) .i. angustia , Corm. Y 175. ind aiso boicht gl. inopes . . . et pauperes, Ml. 31c1 . a richt duine boicht in the guise of a poor man, ZCP iii 34.30 . fédb b.¤ , PH 1307. im oidigecht do duine b.¤ , 7154 . a tigh a deiscibail boicht fein, Smaointe B. Chr. 1724. a D. . . . b.¤ `unfortunate D.', Stair Erc. 2432. a dhuine bhoicht ná bí díomsach miserable man, DDána 43.2 . ó Mogha neamhmbochd Núadhad, IGT Decl. ex. 110. ēdaighe bochta = poore cloathes, RSClára 7a . críoch . . . bh.¤ an bhróin (of Banbha), Keat. Poems 983. neóide bochta buidhne Dé (of the murmuring Israelites), Hackett² xxxvi 54. re gnothuighibh na beatha boichte-si `of this miserable Life', Donlevy xix 5. Of one who has taken a vow of poverty: ar riaghail .S. Clára boichte riaghalta, RSClára 53a . In the phr. béo bocht penniless, destitute : do bhí bheó bocht isin sáoghal so, Ériu xv 42.31 . gidh mór dīobh do bhī beó bocht 'though there were many of them who were destitute', Ériu lxiii 56 § 30 .

Compar. as superl. an té is boichte air bioth, Donlevy 162.5 .

(b) As subst. o, m., ā, f. d s m. b.¤ , Ml. 61a5 . g s m. boicht (with superscript i), 27d7 . a p m. bochtu, 26b19 . b.¤ m., g s. and n p. (implied) boicht, bochta, IGT Decl. § 38. b.¤ f., g s. boichte (implied), n p. bochta, § 39 . poor person, pauper ; (the) poor (in collect. sense): intain conairleci inna bochtu fo chumachtu inna sommae, Ml. 27d10 . maith . . . du denum fri bochtu gl. cura namque pauperum Dei, 129c4 . taibred ní . . . do bochtaib `to the poor', Wb. 22b7 . iura . . . dorigensat int sommai frisna bochtu, Ml. 28d7 . donaib bochtaib, 28c3 . dán ecna do gni rig do b.¤ , LL 346a35 . amal . . . bochtu, Alex. 976. is na ainm sasaim-sea bochtu ár bid Crist i persaind cech b. iressach, IT i 40.17 . atbeirthi Conn na mb.¤ fris, ar a mhéd do bhochtaibh no biathadh do ghrés, AFM i 420.4 . an b.¤ bráthar `this poor creature of a friar', Aithd. D. 70.5 . go dtáiream b.¤ id bhochtocht (to Christ), 92.6 . cuid an bhochta the poor man's portion, IGT Decl. ex. 985. 'na banboicht gan ní fa nimh, ex. 1062 . a Cill Athrachta ní ḟuil / acht athbochta ar na n-argain very poor women (?), ex. 1063 . tegar boichti, ex. 1064 . do rochtain . . . an bhoicht ┐ an tsaidhbhir, TSh. 361. in b.¤ condig ind almsain, PH 6145. biathadh leis na boicht `(Coemgen) regaled the beggars', BNnÉ 162 § 26 . na mná, na boicht, na brughaidh, / na huird is na hollumhain, DDána 63.6 . lan eini in boicht (of a measure of food for debtors while in confinement), Laws i 106.22 Comm. ro fodlad . . . in biad sin do bochtaib na cell comḟocus bai doib `the poor of the neighbouring churches', RC xxiv 64 § 26. ro ḟodail Brigit na bú do bochtaib ┐ do aidilcnechaib Dé, IT i 40.z . dho bhocht Íosa Críost, Desid. 1330.

Compd. bochtballach ( Laud 610, 21b ) ` poor-limbed (of starving men),' Plummer MS. notes.

boim(m)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. boim(m) or dil.ie/6311
Last Revised: 2019

 

n n, [n.] Later m. (boingid, cf. Wortk. 204 and boing). GOI § 332. bit, morsel, piece, fragment: dothuarthed boimm leis de quinque panibus, Trip. 242.10 . intí dia tibér-sa in mboimm-sea don bairgin, PH 2373. boim do aran eorna, Lism. L. 2734. bóimm bec do bairgin eornai, Fél.² lxi 44 . (In penitential ration, perh. denoting some specific measure) da laa deac for dhib bommanaib du cach (read deac ? ed.) bargine toimsi cona n-annlund di ass `morsels', Ériu xix 66 § 28 , v 46.25 . an tomhas arain da ngoirthi boim `mouthful', Rule of Tallaght 16 § 28. i mbommannaib arberad bith ind lítain (perh. n.pr.) a cuid uili `in morsels', Mon. Tall. 135.9 . log berrtha . . . im in mboim (sic leg.) berrtha .i. sruban, ochtmadh bairgine, ┐ comfat eim na sceine do saill `shaving morsel' (i.e. `wages of shaving'), Laws i 132.20 Comm. b.¤ sceota see 2 sceota. mac boma nua `a fresh-diet- boy', Laws ii 176.20 Comm. In name of a category of poet ​: bard bomma, UR 55.3 . boim don leine srebnaidhi sroill boi imbe `a strip', Grail 2410 . plural in various phases: bom(m)an(n) ega fragments of ice, hailstones (see 1 aig). bud lir bommon egai fua cosaib gregai, RC xii 92 § 119. bit lir bomanna ┐ rl., BDD² 986. combús lir bomanna ega, LL 12207 (TBC). lir bomanna egha matan gaimhridh numerous as fragments of ice, Hugh Roe 216.14 . a tuitim uile i n-a mbomannaib fiar-bristi in fragments broken across (of shields), ML² 1821.

3 breis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 breis or dil.ie/6690

 

n [f.] (cf. 1 bres ?) increase; profit, advantage: Eocho Mumo mó cech b.¤ , LL 2378. cath tar bh.¤ a saerḟear soin `disproportioned to his few noble men', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 346.3 . cach b. for bith chē every profit of this world, ACL iii 223.2 . b.¤ ar Mhumhain `the growth of M.'s power', Aithd. D. 20.20 . fá mór an bh.¤ mhaoine dó seoch cách `his wealth far exceeded that of all others', Keat. ii 2784. créad a bhrígh nó a bh.¤ `what would be its . . . profit ? Content. v 141. b.¤ do bhuain dínn `to deny us our superiority', v 84 . cuid don bheagán breise ` majority ' (of generations of Niall's line), 118 . b.¤ feasa, De Imit. 6.5 . b.¤ is buannacht mhic Leoduis `the taxing and billeting hordes of Mac L.' Ó Bruad. i 198.10 . In chevilles: anba an bh.¤ , Aithd. D. 31.31 . in topair bi buan can b.¤ (: geis), Ériu vii 229 § 74.

Compd. in gach breisdíol dár bheanadar-san díobh, TSh. 5129 `exorbitant interest ' (Gloss.) `premium or interest on money (or goods) given or received on loan', Éigse xiii 26.

? briala

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? briala or dil.ie/6785

 

n (scribal miscopying of a form of Lat. phiala ?): (of a small measure of wine) nach urcoidigheann dá bh.¤ d'ól ar in cuid , Reg. San. 20 § vii . iseadh tuígim trid in foculso briala .i. misur ina tuillfedh oirett éndighe amain .i. an méidh doghebhadh nech gan claochlogh anala, ibid.

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