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ainching

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainching or dil.ie/1200
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ainchingid, ainchinnid

n (cing) Also ainchingid, ainchinnid great hero, champion: brethem án anchinged (anancinged, inanancinged v.l.) ainm Fruach, Anecd. ii 52.11 . atrégat anchinnidi Ulad, IT ii2 214.57 ( LU 1606 ). (leg. óenchinnidi , CMCS xii 19 n. 86 ). ? tria ānchinnid Choba, trī mōrglonnaich M., TBC-I¹ 3325 = tri cuingidh , TBC-LL¹ 5361 . ? ro gaet . . . tricha ríg . . . im vii fichtiu annchinne, LL 14080 . a.¤ .i. anraidh nó láoch, O'Cl.

anál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anál or dil.ie/3335
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: anál

n ā, f. Orig. vn. of anaid. Celt. Verb p. 186 . Pedersen, Litteris ii 77 - 94 (Best Bibliogr.), LEIA anál f. IGT Decl. § 149 . n. sg. anáil, Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 58 § 31 . act of breathing; breath: donanáil gl. anele, Gild. Lor. gl. 123 ( anhela, Du Cange , see Ascoli xxxiii ). ic egmig impu . . . fot a n-anali till out of breath, LU 1902 ( RC x 56.15 ). anála fer ┐ ech, 9246 . anáil nathrach, 5442 (TBC). rob imda airech . . . ica urgabail ar n-urnaidm a anala air through shortness of breath (of fleeing men), MR 318.11 . tocbaid bar n-anála i núachtur bar cléib du bar n-étrummugud tairis, Mer. Uil. 65 . tromtínfed a mbrenanala, BB 495a8 . bolad fína lía anóil (: óir), LU 3640 ( SCC 31 ). a.¤ mnáa lat ingin breathes like a woman, Fing. R. 373 ( ZCP iii 5 § 14 ). omun iar sin hi cride / iss a.¤ hi trommchride (on the situation (in the body) of the passions and propensities), ACL iii 223.10 . lán dom anáil ón uabhar puffed up with pride(?), Studies 1924, 87 § 16 . cuir mar thúis anáil th'ochta / fam ghnúis d'fhagháil fhurtochta, DDána 67.30 . goill dom athchur 'sdom arguin / . . . / rug a hanáil óm inntinn, 90.5 . do-bhir dá ḟine a n-anáil `who gives life to his kinsfolk', TD 32.80 . lé anáil na nél um nóna / fér ag fagháil chóra a críaidh, IGT Decl. ex. 1153 . d'anáil óirmheirgeadh the breeze caused by the waving of ensigns, L. Cl. A. B. 100.200 . lé séideadh nó lé súghadh a anáile, TSh. 1896 . oiret anala géoid the slightest breath, RC xxiv 381.18 . táinig d'anáil chuaigh fa Chormac `such fumes arose from the goblet', TD 29.34 .

In various phrases. do-beir a.¤ fo breathes on: a ndorat a anáil foí when he blew under it (of a fire), Trip.² 132 . tuc a a.¤ fai iarsin `the Devil breathed on him them', BCC 454.28 . do-beir a.¤ for: dobeir an sacart secht n-[an]ála Dē for a muin the priest breathes seven breaths of God on his back (significance obscure, apparently a form of appeasement), BColm. 96.27 . dobeir íarum an t-airchindech secht n-anāla Dē for a muin corigci an lic i ndorus a tighi apad, 29 . gaibid ar (for) a.¤ : no co ngaba for thrí ara anáil till he thrice holds in his breath, Mer. Uil. 135 . rogab for a anáil, CCath. 2072 . do léici, léicid a.¤ exhales breath: crét tái cen t'anál do lécud immach? PH 8136 . ro teilgedh a anál, CCath. 2164 . aithinne dubh . . . léicis Mlaise a anáil foillsigh / fúithib gur shoillsigh, SG 27.33 . dia ttealccat an lucht úd a n-anala get breathing time, AFM v 1766.24 . do-léici, léicid a.¤ do: ma tarlaic a nanala doibh if he gave them a breathing space (of driving cattle), O'Curry 2325 ( Eg. 88, 25 (26)b ). ro léc a tri nanala doib, O'Curry 2341 (ib. 26 (27)c ). intan dorelced mo anāl damsa provided I can breathe, TBC-I¹ 2192 . nír léig Gall ort a anáil 'no foreigner breathed upon you', Giolla Brighde 40 § 5 .

In descriptions of heroes' feats (precise application not clear): rothchless ┐ otar ┐ cless for análaib (of Cú Chulainn), LU 5972 (= gless (cleas St.) for a.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 2111 ). eter chles for análaib ┐ ubullchles ┐ siaburchles, 8442 ( FB 30 ). léim tar neimh ┐ cleas fur anala, RC xxix 128 § 35 . ro clisius for analaib / uasa uíb ( ? uas aúib) na n-ech, LU 9345 . immasleig cach la beirt immin n-araid gabáil na n-ésse biid uasaib ┐ análaib, 9294 . Cf. in descriptions of fighting: is amlaid bís mo chú . . . oc imguin ós analaib, TBC-LL¹ 531 . arfich ó aíb ech ┐ analaib fer, LU 8347 ( FB 24 ). atrácht a én gaile osa anáil co m-búi for folúamain imma chend (of Hercules), LL 225a48 ( TTr. 600 ). rachomaicsigsetar na catha da ceile . . . co raeirgetar a n-eoin gaile ósa n-analaib, 239b42 ( 1706 ).

Of recitation, ref. to the number of words, etc. to be spoken in one breath: intan ba roscadh . . . cindas nothomsidhe? . . . do focul forba anaile no-taispenta don choiceadh focul, uair is coic focail romesadh i n-anail in filed by a word completing a breath which was indicated by the fifth word . . ., Auraic. 930 = 3860 . dilius do bair[d]ne a tomus et coir n-anala their measure and correct phrasing (lit. breathing), 3528 . is é cóir nanála .i. narop sia las in bfer nít gaib (= nodgaib ?) ó aná[i]l cen (leg. cech ?) leth ┐ gach cethruma inás a céile, ar na roib cam .i. cin claen dona claenaib . . . that the man who recites it in (one ?) breath may not prolong any one couplet or any one line more than another(?), O'D. 1222 (H 2.15, 86b). Of the chanting of psalms: a sailm iar fersaib ┐ linib ┐ adhantaib ┐ analaib, Laws v 24.9 Comm. oc cetul a shalm . . . for aillib ┐ annalaib ┐ ernalib, MacCongl. 13.11 . Of the recitation of a magic formula: D. doroine dic[h]etal do cennaib for enanail do cuingidh feraind for C., LL 392b53 . Similarly: for óenchoiss ┐ óenláim ┐ óenanáil rachain dóib insin uile, LU 6983 = BDD² 562 . Legal: tucait mbinniusa .i. a foclaib ┐ a nanalib diction and enunciation (of speaking in court), O'D. 849 (H 3.17, c. 603). fot naen anala do boaire, ┐ .u. focuil inti, a dó do filid . . . a tri do flaith . . . a secht do eclais, ┐ nai focail cethrachat indtib, O'Curry 698 (H 3.18, 337). go deich do foclaib ┐ vii nanala don eclais ┐ vii focail in cach anail . . . da anail don fili ┐ v focail in cach anail, 227 (122).

On the connection between a.¤ and poetic art (aí), see Celtica vi 215 ff. do glaine n-anáile, Ériu xiii 37.15 . do-glind anáil / ailibh caoinibh / inghen gaoithe . . . eisimh teisimh / eallaing, teallaincc, 16 . a hainm (i.e. aí) i ccaoimthecht fria hanail, 39.24 .

Compd. anal-utmall of quick breath, panting , CCath. 4956 .

arrae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. arrae or dil.ie/4256
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: arra

io, n. Later also with dental infl. arra m. IGT Decl. § 2 . Vn. of ar-ren. For form and meaning see Binchy, Ériu xix p. 51 - 53 .

(a) act of paying something on behalf of another or in place of something else; payment: trī dīrna do argat a.¤ ar teorae ferbai fīrae, Corm. Y 585 `three stone(?) of silver [as] compensation for three white cows', Binchy loc. cit. (cf. Corm. Y 811 and Ériu xiii 48.28 ). ? in trin don arra uil isin coirpdire, Laws i 250.4 Comm. arra .i. er a luagh .i. luach bess mó, O'Dav. 29 . a.¤ .i. eric, 80 . arra .i. luach . . . ┐ adeir a Trecin (leg. Trecheng) Breth: . . . dul do chennach cen airrchi, Ériu xiii 62 § 7 ( Triads 74 ). a.¤ .i. íc, ut est i Cath Mhaighi Tuiredh, ni rabadar fir Erenn ac a.¤ in chísa géin ro mhair Lugh, § 8. tancus o righ R. . . . do cuingidh arrad co S. Doraidh S. . . . nach biath fo chis do righ talmanda, Lism. L. 2088 . a.¤ .i. fiacha, ut est; gabtar a.¤ do lámhaibh feicheman, Ériu xiii 62 § 9 . ? a naradhaibh a ghaisgidhe, RC x 338.17 ( airigidh, TBC-LL¹ 3155 ) = ina airigid gaiseid, 337.x (see 1 airigid).

(b) object or class of objects which has been stipulated for in `consideration' of a contract or in settlement of a debt: a meic ara feiser fiachu masria, aen arra i leth cumail, Laws iii 150.12 . ruidles eneclainni do rigaib in taen arra airgid, 150.y Comm. in set ro recfadh duine ┐ ni fagabar in tarra ro gellastair da cinn, a seoit d'aisic do, O'Curry 279 ( H 3.18, 151 ). da trian d'arraib and ┐ aen trian d'anarraib, O'Curry 904 ( H 3.18, 401 ). In phrase fo-reith arra anarra `a non-`a.¤' represents (i.e. may be substituted for) an `a.¤'' (Binchy loc. cit.), see anarra. arra .i. geall, ut dicitur: isé arra ro ghabhus frim fíachaibh .i. lógh secht cumal do mairbhdílib, Ériu xiii 62 § 6 . mo c[h]orn ōir . . . / timnaim, ga hūaisle arra / do shaoradh m'anma ar olcaibh, RC xxxvii 352 § 5 . Hence of valuable objects in general chattels, ware, merchandise (see 2 errad): trí mairg déag do dháilis damh / re taobh t'éadaigh is t'arradh `small wares' (recompense to a poet), Magauran 2389 . brēc a māini 'sa medha / brēc a ōr 'sa arrada, ACL iii 239 § 17 . gidh bé arra iarroid soin / do-bearar leis do láthoir `whatever article the buyers ask', Aithd. D. 46.17 . tusa fear iarrtha ar n-arra `thou art the seeker of our wares', 19 . bhar gcuirn bláithe is bhar mbrannaimh / cuimhnighthior do chéadarraibh, DDána 74.48 . foireann brannaimh bile bhadhba / d'arraibh tighe in Daghdha dōibh from the valuables, O'R. Poems 3597 . dob é in droch-arra 'ar ndéchoin `how paltry when one had inspected him his value was', O'Gr. Cat. 440.6 . ní reacfa tú í ar énchor ar airgiod, ní dhéna tú arradh dhi (of the captive concubine who is sent away) `merchandise', Deuteronomy xxi 14 . Cf. mar nach fúaras arruid ar fhís 'as I found no substitute for [the] vision' Ériu xxi 116 § 4 .

(c) In legal contexts of the number of oath-helpers required by a person who was debarred from leading proof himself (also a.¤ cuir): caide cor? tricha fear; caide a.¤ cuir? coic fir dec, O'Curry 347 ( H 3.18, 192a ). is e méd an arra cuir .i. is e dligar lanarra na heisinnraice do reir coir: tri fichit fer do martra .i. diablad lanarra na heisinnraice this is the amount of the `a.¤ cuir' i.e. this is what is required, a full `a.¤' of `unworthiness' according to legality, sixty men to swear at the grave of a martyr i.e. the doubling of the full `a.¤' of `unworthiness', Cóic Con. 67.27 . airi forgill medonach no aire forgill is taire air[e] forgill in lethḟira in letharra, in lanfira ┐ in lanarra i.e. the middle a.¤ f. compensates by oath in the full a.¤ and half a.¤ , 38 § 52. is iat na tri arra antesta i.e. these are the three whose oath compensates for one disqualified from testifying, 40.2 . arra cuir o mnai eisinnric, Laws v 454.15 Comm. ma étged no anfes lethfiach ind ┐ arra cuir as n-étged ┐ as n-anfes, Cáin Ad. 35 . ma isli boaire is arra cuir aire; ma boaire do fine nach aile a luighi nama. O'Curry 2591 ( Eg. 88, 50 (51)b ). in lethfir testa ┐ in letharra antesta, 333 (H 3.18, 183). is arra cuir o antest ┐ fir testa o teist, 2003 (H 4.22, 30). is e lan arra na cairdi dias, Laws iii 134.10 Comm. a sena . . . é féin co lucht a leitharra, 108.23 Comm. a sena . . . go lucht a lanfira no a leithfira, ma inraic, no cu lucht a lanarra no a letharra mas eisinnraic, O'D. 2330 ( Rawl. B 506, 35c ). ? Hence: arra .i. tuarusdal ut est sena in arra .i. an tuarusdail, O'Curry 570 ( H 3.18, 284 ). testaigidh in esindraic a ruib co lucht a lanarrad no letharrad . . . masa tuarustal doniat, denat co lucht a fira for robaib na indraici ┐ co lucht a tuarastail, O'Curry 346 ( H 3.18, 191 c).

(d) In ecclesiastical contexts penitential commutation (substitution of a shorter and usually more intensive discipline for the normal penance prescribed by canonical or monastic rules): dona harraib ind so, title of a tract, Ériu xix 58 . a.¤ n-aill tri coicat cach læa, 58 § 2. arre ndubthroischthe, 60 § 11. iss ed . . . a n-arre tri coicait salm, 64 § 25. iss edh cethardae . . . ara ndentar na a.¤ , 58 § 6. ata dechor . . . etar na arre, 60 § 7. is a.¤ secht ṅoiffernn i.e. to recite the whole poem is equivalent in merit to hearing Mass seven times, Fél. Ep. 177 . is a.¤ trí tredan, 186 . arre troisccthe la diarmait da fítt chert chutrume . . . ┐ inddala hí do tabirt do día. Araile do tomailt fadein `as an equivalent for fasting D. used to allow two exactly equal rations to be made, and one of these to be given to God; the other he was to eat himself', Mon. Tall. 161.8 (§ 80) . dí biait déc arra na tri coicat, LB 10a40 `twelve recitations (of psalm cxix = cxviii) are a substitute for one recitation of the whole Psalter', Plummer MS notes. dub-throscuth inna medon nó arra troiscthe. Maith o duthracht etraid is bliadain pendite nó arre, Ériu vii 144 § 27 . nī fil do pecdaib nā hīcat na harra-sa (of prescribed penitential psalms), ZCP iii 30.28 . Of vicarious atonement (see Binchy loc. cit. p. 56 ): arra tessairgne anma a ifurn, Ériu xix 58 § 1 . doessairc anmandæ a iffurnd cach arra dona airraib-se, § 4.

con-dïeig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-dïeig or dil.ie/12067
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: connaigim, -cuintgim, -chunchimm, -cuinngim, chondaigi, connaigi, condnigi, condnaige, -cuinchi, condieig, condaig, connaig, condnaig, connaigh, cunnuid, condegar, chuindegar, cuindegar, connegar, cuinnegar, chuinneghar, connadur, condagar, conadar, conagar, connagar, chondegam, connagam, -cuingem, condagaigh, condegat, condaiget, condagatt, -cuinget, -cuinchetar, conattgi, conaittig, conatig, conaitech, conattech, conaitegar, conaitcid, -contagad, -cuincithea, condaigtis, conatchitís, cuíntís, cuindig, cuinnig, cunnig, condíg, cuinged, cuindced, cuinched, cu[i]nged, condiu(g)sa, -cuindius, -chuinnius, -chunnis, con-dia, -cuintea, -cunte, condes(s)ar, condeisir, -cuintestar, -cuinntestar, -comthastár, -comtastár, -comthastar, conníestar, conniastar, connesum, condesat, connesat, chondesin, condesta, cóndesta, connchesta, connesed, conesta, condestis, conaitecht, -comtacht, condiachtais, condīacht, condiacht, conniacht, conaitecht, conattacht, conattecht, conaittecht, -comtacht, conataig, conataigh, conattig, co ndatig, conaitich, conatuigh, co n-auttaigh, connachtaigh, conrotacht, conaitigir, conaitigair, conaitegair, conatechoir, conaitechair, conatceastoir, -comtacht, conaitchet, -comtachtmar, conaitechtat, conaittechtatar, conoitechtatar, coniachtatadar, conaitchetar, con-aitcheadar, con-aitcetar, conaitchitar, conaitidar, connaigid, cuinnigid, cuin(d)gid, cuin(n)chid, cuinnid, cuindchid, cuintechtai

v (< com + degaid or *dechaid, Éigse xxviii 156-59 ; * com-di-saig-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 607 ) Indic. pres. 1 s. connaigim, MU² 77 . Three Hom. 70.18 . -cuintgim, Wb. 14c12 . -chunchimm, Three Hom. 70.19 . -cuinngim, Ériu ii 89.z . 2 s. chondaigi, Thes. ii 296.5 . Metr. Dinds. iii 340.46 . LU 5669 (TBC). MU² 65 . connaigi, LU 3104 . condnigi, SR 5993 (see 3 s. below). condnaige, RC xx 142.21 (ACC). connaige, TBC-LL² 4835 . -cuinchi, Thes. ii 307.12 . 3 s. condieig ( -dïeig, GOI 66 ), Wb. 23d5 . condaig (with vocalism of 1 saigid, Thurn.), 8d20 . Ml. 30b8 . 35c21 . 110d10 . TBC-LL² 1637 . connaig, 1548 . condnaig, LL 12908 ( RC xiv 422.z ) (perh. infl. by atn-aig, see ad-aig). connaigh, ACL iii 4.34 . cunnuid, Laws i 58.17 Comm. Pass. condegar, Wb. 8d20 . 14c11 . Ml. 48a7 . IT iii 5.1 . chuindegar, BDD² 1446 . cuindegar, O'Dav. 404 . connegar, Corm. Y 62 . cuinnegar, LL 36491 . chuinneghar, Laws iv 242.2 Comm. connadur (leg. condagar, Ed.), ACL iii 3.2 . conadar, Auraic. 746. 1389 . conagar, Laws i 30.y . connagar, PH 7934 . 1 p. chondegam, Ml. 107c8 . connagam, LL 12681 . PH 3104 . -cuingem, Wb. 14d38 . 2 p. condagaigh, Anecd. i 62.z . 3 p. condegat, Ériu ii 126 § 87 . condaiget, Alex. 924 . condagatt, PH 3972 . -cuinget, Ml. 107c8 . Pass. -cuinchetar, 123d4 . Forms influenced by ad-teich (see also pret. and perf. below): 2 s. conattgi, TBC-LL² 1508 . 3 s. conaittig, Triads 77. 78 . conatig, LU 10877 . conaitech, 9820 . conattech, TBC-LL² 2109 . Pass. conaitegar, LU 7888 (BDD). 3 p. conaitcid, Leb. Gab.(i) 148.5 .

Impf. 3 s. -contagad, Wb. 4b2 . pass. -cuincithea, PH 7933 . 3 p. condaigtis, Trip.² 1082 . conatchitís (with infl. of ad-teich), PH 6032 . ? cuíntís, BB 352b11 (= saigtís, Metr. Dinds. i 36.94 ).

Impv. 2 s. cuindig, Wb. 10a20 . LU 7875 (BDD). Ériu ii 204 § 22 . cuinnig, TBC-I¹ 2763 . cunnig, TBC-LL² 81 . condíg, RC viii 154.25 . 3 s. cuinged, Wb. 10a15 . 11b18 . cuindced, ZCP vii 312 § 23 . cuinched, ACL iii 307 § 21 . cu[i]nged, Ériu xx 124 § 17 .

Subj. pres. and fut. (see GOI 410 ) 1 s. condiu(g)sa, Three Hom. 70.14 ( Lat. Lives 81.11 ). -cuindius, Ériu xiii 19.19 ( O'Dav. 385 ). -chuinnius, TBC-LL² 1574 . 2 s. -chunnis, TBC-LL² 1573 . Cf. -cunghis, RC xii 66.12 . 3 s. con-dia, ZCP xi 87 § 52 . -cuintea, Ml. 51a18 . -cunte, Vita Br. 16 . Pass. condes(s)ar, Mon. Tall. 133.2 . Fraech 258 . condeisir, RC xxiv 150.17 . -cuintestar, Ériu xiii 18.11 . -cuinntestar, O'Curry 2397 ( Eg. 88, 32b ). -comthastár, LU 5710 = -comtastár, TBC-I¹ 1236 . -comthastar, RC iii 345.11 . Cf. conigestar, Ériu ii 196 n. conníestar, RC xv 488 § 5 . conniastar, iii 345.12 . 1 p. connesum, PH 7965 . 3 p. condesat, Ml. 46c13 . connesat, PH 3506 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. chondesin, Wb. 19d24 . 2 s. condesta, Trip.² 1356 , cóndesta, 1335 = connchesta, Anecd. iii 38.5 . 3 s. connesed, PH 7978 . Cf. conaitchedh, BNnÉ 43.9 . Pass. conesta, Fél. 2.6 . 3 p. condestis, Thes. ii 31.24 .

Pret. and perf. (with -ad-; exceptionally with -uss- (?), -ro-): 1 s. conaitecht, Ml. 132d5 . 2 s. -comtacht, Ml. 60b20 . condiachtais, LU 5836 ( TBC-I¹ 1366 ). 3 s. condīacht, ZCP viii 329.25 . condiacht, Ériu ii 118 § 53 . conniacht, LU 6143. 6153 . conaitecht, Ml. 36b5 . 59c3 . 98b6 . Immrama 64 § 101 . Ériu viii 175.25 . Hugh Roe² 104.30 . conattacht, TFerbe 235 . conattecht, Corm. Y 698 . conaittecht, TBC-LL² 2110 . -comtacht, Ml. 59c3 . 54b30 . Follg. influenced by pret. of ad-teich (see Celtica vii 42-4 ): conataig, Three Hom. 70.15 . Dinds. 99 . conataigh, 69 . conattig, Metr. Dinds. iii 440.21 . LL 30975 (TTr.). conattaig, Dinds. 161 . co ndatig (sic), 12 . conaitich, 78 . conatuigh, Lism. L. 834 . co n-auttaigh, Dinds. 3 ( RC xv 290 ). connachtaigh, TBC-LL¹ p. 335 n. conrotacht, Corp. Gen. 68.31 . With depon. inflexion: conaitigir, Trip.² 2700 . conaitigair, 2731 . conaitegair, Ériu xvi 66.86 . conatechoir, xii 146.6 . conaitechair, Dinds. 46 . conatceastoir, AFM i 30.2 . Pass. -comtacht, Ml. 35c26 . 123c3 . ? conaitchet, LL 356 marg. sup. 1 p. -comtachtmar, Wb. 24b20 . 3 p. conaitechtat (sic MS), Ml. 44d27 . conaittechtatar, 90b16 . conoitechtatar, Wb. 8a14 (see GOI 344 ). coniachtatadar, O'Curry 778 ( H 3.18, 365a ). conaitchetar, Metr. Dinds. iii 390.65 . 440.13 . Dinds. 161 . BB 488a46 . Leb. Gab.(i) 252.18 . con-aitcheadar, Dinds. 141 . con-aitcetar, 78 . conaitchitar, Auraic. 194 . conaitidar, BB 30a51 ( conaithchedar, 55 ).

Later as simple vb. connaigid, cuinnigid, cuin(d)gid, cuin(n)chid, cuinnid with both ē-fut. and f-fut.

Vn. cuindchid.

Vbl. of necess. cuintechtai.

Asks, seeks, demands (with accus. of object sought): ní comtachtmar ni `we have asked for nothing', Wb. 24b20 . conaitecht C. dig, LU 7881 (BDD). cuinchis F. . . ./. . ./ cath, 3202 . ? connigset indromuin Scāthach dōib diblīnaibh, TBC-I¹ 2683 . ni tri haiscedha conaigiub a Temraig, IT iii 194.7 . ni chunnecha . . . amal ro chunnig, LL 13945 . bale i cúinnebar bás, PH 6167 . cuingidh bean nach cleasach cuing, O'Hara 3433 . cecip ní chuinghifett, Hugh Roe² 130.3 .

With prep. introd. person of whom someth. requested. In O. Ir. usu. co: denum neich condegar cuccu, Ml. 48a7 . intan con-diacht fer cerdda bratt co M., Corp. Gen. 409.22 . conaitchidar gusin sai .i. co Fenius, ACL iii 247.16 . ro-cuinnig foigde . . . / cosin siair, Ériu iii 196 § 19 . cuinchim-si itchi co Dīa, xix 77 § 2 . condaig cert n-imbi coa c[h]arait, Corm. Y 883 ( Anecd. iv 76.15 ).

With DI (DO): is and condegar do manchaib má beth dibh nech bes maith is enquired (cf. Rawl. 80b47 cited below), O'D. 554 ( H 3.17, 437 ). ? cuinnegar do (dia, O'Dav. 404 ) gruaide grís, Ériu xiii 31.4 .

With FOR (see Celtica vii 44 ): amal chondegamni fordia arnícc, Ml. 107c8 . 's ed sin conattecht-sa foraib, TBC-LL² 1033 . cuingis Luigdeach fair arríga Muman do gabáil `enjoined [on] him', Ériu xvi 66.76 . fort ní chunnig comairge, LL 12934 . do chuind[i]getar cend Eoin fair, ZCP xiv 150.1 . grás ar Chríosd do chuingis, Dán Dé xii 19 . Cf. is andsin cunnis C.C. bar na sluagaib `sought for', CRR 51 . ro cuimnidh (sic) air co tartad, Grail 1941 . With Ó: ní ho doinib condaig aithesc sunt, Ml. 35c21 . isī an éraic con-aitecht uaidib, ZCP xii 244.10 . no chuinchitis . . . na Saxain ó Germain fortacta doib, LU 287 . In: conattecht C. in caratrad . . . friss adjured him by their friendship, TBC-LL² 1895 the sense and usage are that of ad-teich ( Celtica vii 43 ).

? In sense enquires: da conaiget aiṅgil nime cid in deilb sin, Rawl. 80c47 , cf. O'D. 554 cited above.

Críst

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Críst or dil.ie/12985
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: dichrisst, Críost

pn indecl. (Lat. Christus; on length of vowel see GOI § 923 , Stud. Celt. v 92 ) On rhymes in class. verse see Ní Dhomhnaill, Éigse xiv 209 - 210 . Christ : inóentid coirp crist, Wb. 27b23 . rúna . . . geine crist, 27c21 . dichrisst, Ml. 93d14 . ho ch.¤ , Tur. 17 . do ch.¤ , 48 . criost mac de, Blathm. 10 . oc cuingidh criost, 20 . naco cūala Crīst do chrochad do Iudaidib, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 8.12 . Críost, TSh. 4937 . Críosdanna fallsa false Christs, Matthew xxiv 24 .

See cairdes.

1 cuingid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cuingid or dil.ie/13614
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cuinchid, cuindchid, cuinged, -eda, cuingthi, cuinghidh, cuinge, coinge

n i (see GOI 450 ) vn. of con-dïeig. Also cuinchid, cuindchid. a s. cuinged, Celtica iv 24.312 . g s. -eda; cuingthi, LU 6128 . cuinghidh f., IGT Decl. § 42 . Later cuinge, coinge.

Act of asking, requesting, seeking; request : doch.¤ timpne naile, Wb. 4d24 . bid c.¤ roch.¤ `it will be a great question', 8a7 (see n.). nibu arch.¤ forsét gl. in occassione auaritiae, 24d7 . dechuingid 24b24 . dochuingid 27c24 . archuinged (leg. -id ?) soinmige do `through his seeking prosperity', Ml. 39a6 . Cf. 56b15 . 56c15 . 102c5. imchuindchid innananae nerchradach gl. circa superuacua occupatur, 59d3 . do chuingid dilguda 124b3 . duchuingid indib 125d12 . do cuingidh in tairrngerthai `to find the prophesied one', Blathm. 15 . do chuinchid bo, Vita Br. 25 . oc cuinchid a lleicthe issa tech, LU 6965 (BDD). día rofaided chuinchid which he was sent to seek, TTr.² 60 . oc cuindgid na féle, Fél. Prol. 329 . do chuincid neich, Mon. Tall. 128.10 . a cungid inna flatha, LL 37579 . coingi comna, Laws i 266.y . eter rígu ┐ chaemu ocum chuindchid wooing me, BDD² 53 . cuinghidh .i. iarraidh, O'Cl.

Usually with co of source from which a thing is sought: niarch.¤ tuare cucuibsi, Wb. 24b14 . cen ch.¤ neich conech, 26b25 . oc c.¤ digi chucu, LU 4029 (SC). oc cuinchid fhurtachta cus-in oeṅ-dia, PH 6658 . With other prepp.: do chuincid . . . eolais forru, PH 3462 . sgel feinnid do chuingidh ar gach n-aigidh, RC vi 174.22 . dia chuinghe fair techt, BNnÉ 320.13 . do cuinge indlighidh re aili, O'D. 126 ( H 3.17, 105 ). duch.¤ hicce hua Dia, Ml. 98c1 . aithesc . . . cungeda neich ó neoch `speech of a person making a request,' TBC-LL² 930 . do chuinchid a n-ádmolta o dóinib, PH 4695 .

Attrib. gen.: francaig fognama / fine chuindgeda importunate (?), Bruchst. 36 ( IT iii 91 § 128 ). saint sirchuindcheda `an ever craving lust', TTebe 793 . ben chuindcheda see 1 ben.

3 cuingid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 cuingid or dil.ie/13616

Forms: cuinnid, cuinge, cuingidh

n i, m. (cuing) also cuinnid, later cuinge. cuingidh m., IGT Decl. § 52 . champion, warrior, hero (orig. in phrases, see below): a ch.¤, a Conchobair, RC xxiv 282 § 25 . lasin cingid .i. lasin cuindid, Fél.² cxl § 13 (3) . cóiciur cuinged, Gorm. May 23 . in cuiṅgid comlonnach crúaidh, Fianaig. 78.10 . ar toirnem chuingida choimfedma, TTebe 1098 . Crīst ar cuinnid, ZCP iii 18.27 . cuingidhi na Roma, CCath. 5775 . ar fiannaibh Fail ba cuingidh , BB 47b22 . for cuingidh na sluagh (of Apostle Philip), Ériu iii 194 § 7 . an marusccal ┐ cuingedha an tsloigh `officers', AFM vi 2060.24 . Of bird: an tén ba cuingidh dibh, BNnÉ 298 § 42 .

With attrib. gen. : ar chuṅgidib calma catha, LL 32172 ( TTr. 1361 ). cúinge catha `prop of battle', Ó Bruad. i 146.12 . a chend catha. ┐ a chungid coṅgbála, LL 32782 ( TTr. 1994 ). in c.¤ comlainn, CCath. 2969 . lainfear gradha ┐ c.¤ comairle, 6049 . co cunnid corgais .i. coilech circe sustainer of Lent, MacCongl. 99.22 .

As n. pr. C[u ?]ingid a Cruaich Oigli, Dinds. 78 .

deogbaire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deogbaire or dil.ie/15496

Forms: deogbore

n io, m. (deog) skinker, cupbearer: deoghbhaire .i. giolla copáin, O'Cl. deogmaire .i. dāilem, Stowe Gl. 70 . deogbore, RC xii 78 . deogmaire oc dāil usci, LL 209b12 . g s. fo dáig feraind cuthgaire ┐ d.¤ , LL 167a51 . brechta druad ┐ arad ┐ cuthchaire ┐ d.¤ , 9a13 . pl. tri deogbairi ríg Temrach, BDD § 139 . rannaire ra raind ┐ deogbairi ri dáil, MU² 212 . deogbairi . . . ic dáil dóib, Ériu iv 124 . .x. ndeogmaire, TBC-I¹ 1348 ( ¤baire, LU). dech ndeoghmairi, TBC-LL¹ p. 267, n. 4 (Eg.). faidhit dailemhain ┐ deoghmhairedha uatha do cuingidh fíona, AFM v 1862 .

díchetal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díchetal or dil.ie/16103

Forms: dícetul, dicetail, ndíchetla

oand u, n. (vn. of 1 do-cain) incantation or spell composed extemporaneously by the `fili's' and druids in ancient Ireland: dicetal file, Laws i 30 . cen ail cen fasach cen dicetal, v 480 . roscad no dichetal (gl. fasach), 450 . dichetal (one of the 14 `srotha éicsi'), LL 30d33 . d.¤ do chennaib na tuaithe (included among the 8th year's course of the `fili'), IT iii 50 . coiri caec-dhuirnn . . . do chor ar teinid . . . ┐ dichetal flatha ┐ filedh ┐ druadh do chetal fair, IT iii 187 . adbeart in dicheadal-sa oc tairrngiri ēisc i n-easaib, Lec. 568a10 . roboi Diancecht ┐ a dí mac ┐ a ingen . . . oc dicetul for an tibrait chanting spells over, RC xii 94 . tarclamad crand do cach fid i nErinn don drui[d] ┐ foreimidh d.¤ foraib co tucad crand do a ḟid F. co ndergenai d.¤ fair `over this [tree] he sang a spell' (but possibly crand do cach fid = piece of wood from each tree and the allusion is to spells written in ogham?), RC xvi 68 . gabais [Finn] a mér ina bēolu: a donic as afrithisi foopairt dicetal `he began to chant' (Finn's discovery of his gift of divination), RC xxv 346 . dichetal for ochtraig co ra-thochra a mbí ina íchtur for a úachtar `chanting over a dunghill', Triads 117 (with gl. .i. adhbhal-cantainn le rosg nó orrtha, p. 39 ). dichan dicetal, 348 . tair lium . . . do ṡinnath na fer ┐ dia ndichetal `to bespell them', RC xiii 450 . dodechatar dorchai tar forgnúis in talman la díchitel in druad, Trip.² 568 = dícetul, Trip. 56 . d.¤ rogaeth, Leb. Gab.(i) 258 (Amergin's chant). d.¤ do chollaibh cend, Anecd. ii 75 . g s. bati[s?] slan a n-athgoite tre nert an dicetail na cethri lēge, RC xii 94 § 123 . bidh trom le feraib Erenn beith ac fulang dichelta (= dichetla) na ndrúadh, TBC-LL¹ 5494 St. mes fér for fodhuil dire direch cach dicedla, O'Gr. Cat. 143 . pl. ra bágait a mbrechta ┐ racanait a ndíchetla, co ra eirgetar a n-airbeda drúad impu, LL 239a47 . tria brichtu ┐ dicetla ┐ cantana nolúited in mathair cach maigin, RC xv 311.8 ( Dinds. 18 ). dican ar dichetlui mora derbha, RC xiii 11 . ataig a díchelta ass, LU 4457 = attaig a guth, Anecd. i 22 . co ro chansat a ndruide seom ┐ a filidh dicealta doib, BB 40a38 ; ib. 21 . Common in phr. d.¤ di (do) chennaib, used of a species of poetical incantation which was composed extemporaneously (implying divination?) (the díchetal di ch. was probably a kind of clairvoyance or psychometry in which the seer conveyed his vision or message in a verse or quatrain ; see the ex. given by Cormac s.v. Coire Brecain. The ollam was required to be proficient in the imbas forosnai and the díchetal di chennaib , cf. BB 341b , Lec. 339a , and Laws v 56 ): ba aī dichetail di chennaib, ZCP xv 362 § 47 , see 363 , xvi 178 . The díchetal d.¤ was allowed by St. Patrick as being harmless and involving no pagan rites: dic[h]etal doc[h]ennaib . . . fodrācbad sōn i cōrus c[h]erdae, ar is soas fodēra son: ni ēcen audbairt do demnaib oca, acht aisnēis do c[h]ennaib a chnāmae fochēdōir, Corm. Y 756 ; cf. Laws i 44 . dicedul ducendaib .i. dul do a cend a dāna focétoir . . . aisnēt-sium imrādad na rann gin smuainedh ┐ gin smuaintecadh, BB 341b34 = Lec. 339a (dicheadal dochennaib). Dubthach doroine dicetal do cennaib for ēn-anāil do cuingidh feraind for C. composed (recited) a `díchetal di ch.' in one breath, LL 392d52 = Lec. 205b34 . dichetal do chennaib (dicendaib, BB) na tuaithe (part of course for 8th year of a fili's training), IT iii 50 (cf. dichetal do collaib cenn, Rawl. B 512, 114c , Anecd. ii 75 ).

1 do

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 do or dil.ie/17096

Forms: dond, donaib, dunaib, donab, dona, dond, donaibhí, dunaibh, donahí, dom, domsa, damsa, duit, dait, deit, det, dit, duid, daid, duitt, duitsiu, deitsiu, detsiu, détso, detsi, dutsi, d, do, dóu, dou, dáu, dossom, dosom, d, di, díi, disi, dúnn, dunn, duún, dúun, dún, dun, duin, dú(i)nn, dúnni, dunni, dúni, dúinniu, dúnai, dúib, duib, duíb, dib, dib, daoibh, dúibsi, dúbsi, dóib, doib, duaib, dáib, doaib, doibsom, dom, dum, dot, dut, dot, dod, do, do, dia, doa, diar, dear, dar, dia n-, doa n-, dua, dá, dia n-, da, dona, donach, do

prep. with dat., leniting (see GOI §§ 435 . 832 ).

Forms: do (usual at all periods); du often in O.Ir., Wb. 5c14 , 33b6 ; Ml. 15a16 , 16a7 , 90a7 , b13 ; Acr. 13b3 ; Thes. ii 240.16 , 241.4 , 242.10 (Ardm.), 294.4 ( SP ii 16 ), 45.29 ; du Chaissil, AU 714 ; du for fogail, SCC § 13 . dó, Ml. 15d3 . dú, Wb. 5d19 .

In Mid and early Mod. Ir. often da, dá, esp. before cech: da cech tráth, LB 261b38 ; dá cech duine, PH 3985 ; dá bar n-óid, 5963 ; da gach nduine, Keat. iii 2087 (poem).

Vowel generally elided before vowel of f: d'agbáil, SCC § 29 . d'is cech réta, § 32 ( do facbail, Laws iv 206.14 ; do foghnumh, 250.6 Comm. ).

Freq. confused with 1 de, di, q.v.

With article: sg. dond irsolcoth, Wb. 22d27 . dond lethtomus, BCr. 31b3 . dund fercach, Ml. 22d13 . Thes. i 498.21 (Ardm.). dund insi, SCC § 17 . dunt foirbthetaid, Ml. 14c8 . dunt imluad, 15a17 . don chomursain, PH 2748 . don fhairind, 4959 . pl. donaib, Wb. 7b1 , Sg. 69b7 . dunaib, Acr. 8a2 . Thes. i 497.16 (Ardm.). dundaib (archaic), Thes. ii 247.12 ( Cambr. 38a ). donab, 33.28 . Mid. and mod. Ir. dona.

With art. and í: dond, Wb. 3c31 . pl. donaibhí, Sg. 156b7 . dunaibh, Wb. 2c10 . donahí, Ml. 46c7 .

With pron. suff.: 1 s. dom (usual in Wb. and Sg.), dam (in Ml.). domsa, Wb. 3c33 , etc. damsa, TBC-LL¹ 1110 . 2 s. duit (usual in Wb. and Sg.). dait common in Ml., TBC-I¹ 1056 , 1209 , 1334 (LU). deit, Wb. 6a11 , 12 ; 28d15 , etc. LL 275a50 . det, Wb. 5b29 . dit, 5b32 . Sg. 179a4 . TBC-I¹ 1056 , 1209 , 1334 (YBL). duid, TBC-I¹ 531 . daid, 1042 (YBL). duitt, PH 7915 . duitsiu, Wb. 6b14 . deitsiu, 30a8 . detsiu, 32c12 . détso, 6c7 . detsi, IT i 130.27 . dutsi, PH 4092 . 3 s. m. and n. commonly d, Wb. 1c12 ; 1d20 , etc. do, 2a2 ; 2c6 , etc. dóu, Trip. 218.24 . dou, Todd Lect. vi 57.10 . dáu, Trip.² 2862 . Trip. 338.22 . Thes. ii 294.3 ( SP ii 15 ). With emphasizing part. vowel usually short: dossom, Wb. 6d10 ; 9d8 . dosom, 3b7 , etc., Ml. 14a4 . f. d, Wb. 11c13 , etc. di, 7b3 . díi, Fél. 4.9 . With emphasizing part.: disi, ACL iii 309.10 . 1 p. dúnn, Wb. 2d13 ; 25c9 , etc. dunn, 26b1 . duún, 3a12 ; 4b10 ; 25c10 . dúun, 4b11 ; 10c21 . dún, 14c8 ; 20d15 , etc. dun, 14c9 . duin, FB § 49 . In later lang. dú(i)nn. With emphasizing part.: dúnni, Wb. 1a3 ; 3c15 . dunni, Ml. 110d12 , 13 . dúni, 121b13 . dúinniu, IT i 129.2 . dúnai (: clūdhai), ACL iii 298 § 58 . 2 p. dúib, Wb. 3b8 , 12 ; 6c25 , etc. duib, 13b3 ; 33b8 . duíb, 24a26 . In Mid. Ir. also dib, PH 761 , 1075 ; dib, 1433 . In later lang. daoibh. With emphasizing part.: dúibsi, Wb. 3b13 . dúbsi, 15d8 (a prima manu). 3 p. dóib, Wb. 6c24 ; 30d8 , etc. doib, 1d6 ; 12b2 . duaib, Thes. ii 238.13 ; 240.17 (Ardm.). dáib, PH 7392 . doaib, Sg. 50a3 . AU 687 , 797 . SR 7272 (sic leg.). With emphasizing part.: doibsom, Wb. 13a31 . ¤sem, 28d19 .

With poss. 1 s. dom: dum, Thes. ii 241.12 ; dumm imdídnaad, 13 . 2 s. dot: dut, Ml. 2d5 . Mid. Ir. dot, dod, do do. 3 s. dia; doa, Anecd. iii 48.5 ; 58.9 . 1 p. diar, Wb. 2d2 . dear (archaic), Thes. ii 245.8 (Cambr.) Mid.Ir. also dar: dár ṅdeeb-ni, PH 709 . 2 p. do far fírianugud, Wb. 3b27 . do bor mbrethugud, FB § 57 . do bar taig, SR 4829 . dia bhar saighidh, BNnÉ 303 § 12 . 3 p. dia n-. doa n-, Fianaig. 34.12 . Mon. Tall. § 59 , 62 . dua, RC xi 452.141 . Later also dá. See ZCP xxiv 227 ; xxv 254 .

With rel. dia n-: indí dia ruchretsid-si, Wb. 8c11 . intí dia ndílgid-si, 14d24 . secht mbráthre dia mbo . . . carcar, Fél. July 10 . dua mberar, Mon. Tall. § 11 . See 1 is. Mid. Ir. also da (dá): dontí da tucus, IT i 124.22 . With neg. dona, donach: dona-robu gnath, Ml. 129d3 . fer . . . dunar-ructhae act oentuistiu, Thes. ii 241.9 (Ardm.). do nach bis on to him who has it not, Laws iv 240 .

With alaile (araile): dialailiu, Ml. 87d13 . IT i 67.8 . díarailiu, FB § 55 . diaroli fir, PH 1483 .

To, for, etc. Used in O.Ir. Glosses (a) to translate Lat. ad, Wb. 3b14 ; 30d10 ; 16b5 (cid do uáir gl. etsi ad horam, the Lat. being literally translated), Tur. 35 . Ml. 15a16 ; 16a8 . Sg. 3b30 ; 67b10 ; 188a18 ; 217a7 . Thes. i 498.23 . (b) to render a dat., Wb. 9b8 ; 18c2 ; 28a5 . Ml. 2d10 ; 15b8b ; 17c11 . Sg. 20a6 ; 41b12 ; 69b7 ; 193a3 ; 209b6 ; 214a3 . Acr. 8a2 ; 13b3 . PCr. 65b2 . Thes. ii 34.29 ; cf. Caeur .i. do Chaieur (Cáieur being explained as dat. of Cáier), Corm. Y 698 . Hence:

A Introducing the terminus ad quem; in phrases expressing purpose, etc.

I Of destination after vbs. of motion, etc.: cumtach don fothu building to the foundation, Wb. 8c18 . téicht do Róim, Thes. ii 296.3 . lotar dia crích, FB § 56 . eirg dot thoigh, BS 44 . ho persin do persin, Sg. 209b12 . o thír do thír, SR 6835 . a inad d'inad, Laws iv 36.12 . With ellipse of vb. of motion: co cúalatar culgaire carpait dund insi (coming) to the island, SCC § 17 . Hence with pron. 3 s. n. expressing motion, see 2 dó. With abstracts: massu thol atomaig do that drives me to it, Wb. 10d26 . adcuiretar do hógi they return to integrity, Sg. 73b2 . Similarly in expressions like téit do applies to, téit do láim, gaibid do láim; dabeir d'a óid, etc. (see 1 téit, gaibid, lám, etc.).

II With follg. vn. in phrases expressing purpose.

(a) Prec. by vb.: is do immarchor chóre dotíagat it is to carry peace they come, Wb. 5a5 . todiusgadar ind anim do dénum maith, 5c18 . ní du for fogail dodeochammar-ni, SCC § 13 . dul d'fhios na sagart dá nglanadh, TSh. 375 . Cf. further: indíi adchobra-som do hícc those whom he desires to save, Wb. 28b1 . cid comarlecther foraib do daul immach that leave should be given them to go out, Mon. Tall. § 53 .

In prayers, wishes, etc., with ellipsis of vb.: Día dom chobair ar cech ṅguasacht (may) God (come) to my aid, Hy. vi 3 . cíall Dé dom imthus, Thes. ii 356.8 . dó (do +3 s. neut. pron.) to that end, for that purpose , anticipating a follg. vn. or clause or referring to a foregoing one: is do arroiéit-sa gratiam, do precept do chách, Wb. 6d14 . dó dobreth biad la Duid, | dia nertad, SR 6450 . acht má dothisad Arddrí secht nime dó ní reg-sa I will not go though . . . should come to force me, Trip.² 1355 . is do dodeochadsa . . . con-écius duib a scel-sa, Ériu ii 104 .

(b) Prec. by noun: dliged remdeicsen do dechrugud etir maithi ┐ ulcu a law of providence to distinguish between good and bad, Ml. 19d2 . huare nád robatar suin do shlund in dúildetad, Sg. 45b1 . nidat uain dia n-airlegunn thou hast no leisure to read them, Anecd. v 2 .

(c) Prec. by adj.: irlaim do dul bais, Wb. 16a3 . gilla comadas do faire dūine ríg, FB § 89 . is saidbir in spirut nóeb do thídnocul cecha maithiusa, PH 5454 . ni bfuil rí . . . is fearr do thabairt tuarustail, Ériu viii 136 . Cf. also: batar inricci du báas worthy of death, Wb. 5c14 .

III In follg. in sense of Eng. as (lit. for the purpose of being, to serve as): bíid-son do thogarthid this then is (for) a vocative, Sg. 78a2 . pauper laṡuide do fhemun he regards p. as a feminine, 64b5 . bíit a triur do anmaim ind eiúin gl. vultur et vulturus et vulturius, 93a2 . non fit do anmimm díles, 31b21 . conid riagolda caro dond ainmmnid c. is regular as the nominative, 93b5 ; 104b5 . mōrthar occa Cathluain . . . do rig foraibh, Todd Nenn. 140 . daine chaithit do biudh they eat human beings as food, RC xxxiv 308 . ó taoi dam' iarraidh d'óglách since you want me for a servant, A. Ó Dálaigh l 16 .

IV With vn. to express the idea of entering upon or continuing in a state or action: a mbátar do lepthugud when they were (on the point of?) going to bed IT i 67 . cid 'mo atai diar lenamuin? why art thou pursuing us? SR 1722 . mun beith cailleach an mhuilinn d'atach Christ frim, BS 122 . Impers.: do muintir in fhir atathar do crochad, PH 3172 . Used redundantly: int Ísu oc a raba Hiruath d'iarraid, 2841 . in banliccerd occatathar d'iarraid, Anecd. iv p. xvi = oc atathar cuingidh , p. 93 .

With poss. in passive sense: an uair bhíos dá chor amach when he is being evicted, TSh. 794 . go raibhe dá ilchéasadh so that he was being tortured, 564 .

V The construction subst. + do + vn. In sentences of the type (a) ansu liumsa ind oís anechtir dia fius it is more grievous to me that the outland folk should know it, Wb. 16d12 (where ind oís is virtual subject of the vn.) and (b) ní date leu in coimdiu do crochad it is not agreeable to them that the Lord was crucified (lit. to crucify the Lord), 8a6 (where in coimdiu is virtual object of the vn.), the O.Ir. construction is identical; in both sentences the case of the nouns oís , coimdiu is determined by their syntactical relation to the whole sentence, that of subject, while do + vn. stands in syntactical relation not to the whole sentence but to the noun, its function being that of a gerund. Similarly in the sentence: cocarad chaingnimu du denum he loved to do good deeds, Ml. 14a8 , the subst. caingnímu is the object of the sentence while du denum has the meaning for the doing, to be done. Exceptions are, however, frequent, see below. In each of the sections 1-4 the subsection (a) consists of exx. where the subst. is the virtual subject of the vn., (b) of exx. where it is the virtual object.

1 Subst. is subject of the whole sentence and therefore nom. case.

(a) dofórmaich fochricc dosom sochude do creittim tria precept that a multitude has believed through his preaching increaseth the reward for him, Wb. 1b5 . issed as brig la Dia menmae do biuth hi figraib that the mind should be in the symbols, Thes. ii 255.13 . saoth lem int aos leigind do dul ind ifern, ZCP viii 470 . ba lonn lais in mnai cuil do bith oc Hiruath he was indignant that the adulteress should be with H., PH 861 . (Infl. of Lat. accus. and infin. constr.?)

(b) is maith int óis éula do accaldam, Wb. 3c4 . is bésad leusom in fid do thóbu, 5b42 . nipu techta in briathar diadhai . . . do scriphund ind oenluc, Hib. Min. 96 . is cóir ind almsu do thabairt, PH 6136 . With accus. of subst. (in first two exx. perh. dat. for nom.): is ferr dó in almsain do thabairt, PH 4969 (= melius est elimosinam dare, LB 47b55 ). dlegar dínn ar n-imcaissin do thimorcain, PH 6870 . ba machtnadh lasna Felistindaibh na fioru nomarbdais d'faicsin do cathughadh friu, Leb. Gab.(i) 146 .

2 Subst. as object of sentence (rarer in O.Ir.).

(a) nisn-águr dom díchill I do not fear that they will neglect me, Hy. v 105 . rocúala in n-eress cetna do fhorbairt, Thes. ii 311 . ni fitir in mnai dia brath he knew not that the woman was betraying him, SR 3207 . rocuala Sattan in uli noemu do shubugud, PH 3819 . With nom. for accus.: cuirfid [diabul] na boill d'fhognum do fén, 7799 . atfét Lucás aingil do thidecht do nim, 3043 .

(b) cocarad chaingnimu du denum, Ml. 14a8 . itconnacabar bar náimtiu do bádud, PH 1713 . forcongair D. cnamu do thabairt hi cuthi, 1219 . With nom. for accus.: atbert fria múintir int apstal do thuarcain, PH 2141 . atbert Ner na hapstail do cúibrech, 1858 . atcondairc-som ind figeill . . . do dílgud, Mon. Tall. § 22 .

3 Subst. is governed by a prep.

(a) for riaguil do buith isnaib anmanaib-se dotėt híc he touches on the fact that there is a rule, Sg. 108a3 . fre terci . . . do tecmung, Mon. Tall. § 12 .

(b) hua anmmaim ailiu do thórmuch friss, Sg. 30b4 . Cain Patraic . . . cen chleirciu do marbad, Thes. ii 306 . tria doirse . . . na cathrach do forbrissiud, SR 5348 . ar meisge ó chaoraibh na fíneamhna d'ithe, TSh. 8421 .

4 Subst. in genitive relation to sentence.

(a) cui[n]chid flaithiusa Dé do thuidecht, PH 7907 .

(b) cen imcabáil `cum nobis' do epirt, Sg. 203a8 . ruc leis tásc a muintiri do marbad do E., FB § 69 . tar cend cissa ┐ indmussa do thabairt do, PH 51 . ré linn choróine do chur ar an impire, TSh. 661 .

5 The construction subst. + do + vn. may be used absolutely with force of the Lat. gerundive: ind .u. do accomol frisin fers ṅdédenach the `u' is to be added, Sg. 136a2 . um do glanad i nderiud ferso `um' is to be elided, 136a1 . Hence in continuation of prec. clause: dia n-oscailter in chomla sa ┐ diabul do ligad istech if . . . and the devil be admitted, PH 7797 . is mairg thic annsa saegul-sa ┐ na huilc-si do thecht trit, 7791 .

6 Subst. + do + vn. replacing finite tenses (esp. in annals): Góidil immorro do rad dib o Goediul Glas they are called G., Thes. ii 316 . Lugaig du gabail rige nErenn took the kingship of Ireland, MacCarthy 306 . bellum do madhmaim for hU Fiachrach, AU 815 .

B Introducing a dative.

I Introducing indirect object (generally name of a person).

(a) With trans. vbs. denoting giving, granting, assigning, offering, etc.: do-beir, daimid, do-indnaig, dálaid etc. (see under individual vbs.). With vbs. of telling, revealing, promising, etc.: in-fét (ad-fét), as-indet, (Mid. Ir. indissid), do-adbat, do-airchain, etc. Under the same head may be placed cases like: hore doninfedam etargne Crist do chách we inspire in all, Wb. 14d32 ; do Christ cachain ailli unto C. he sang praise, Fél. Apr. 26 . Exceptionally with as-beir says: asbert G. do na feoldenmaigib, PH 1432 . With vbs. of ordering, commanding, advising, etc.: lasse forcongur fírinni dúib, Wb. 19d25 . rohordaig in guth dona nemdaib, SR 606 . ro erb don mac mebrugud a aiccepta, Fél. p. 12 . molaid do advises (but molaid + acc. praises ). With vbs.of forgiving, remitting: dorolaig Dia do in n-uaill dorigni, Ml. 50d15 . romaith C. a dá trían . . . dá thigernu, LL 111b40 ( RC xiv 430 ). With vbs. of asking, entreating, praying, etc.: frecre do neoch immechomarcar duit, Sg. 197b10 . condartin do arrogáid dom what he asked of me, 209b26 . cech ní rochuinges do Dia, Thes. ii 318.39 . With vbs. of ascribing, referring, imputing, etc.: a n-adruirmed do Abracham what has been reckoned unto A., Wb. 2d7 . duaisilbi do a scribend, Thes. ii 225.28 . So also with as-beir ascribes; assigns (a name), calls: asbeir-som a n-accobor don spirut, Wb. 4b3 . ní eperr acht hilar dóib do-gres (referring to Gemini), Sg. 73a11 . is airi asberthe emisarius don buc the goat was called `emissarius', Tur. 110e . Similarly with vbs. of naming, gairmid, ainmnigid. With vbs. of allowing: issamlid léicfimmi-ni doibsom aisndis, Ml. 14d10 . nir fulaing d'ēnduine a glacudh, ZCP ix 248 . With vbs. of causing, doing (someth. to someone): imfolngi comrorcain do sochaidi, Ml. 56b9 . dogní trumai ndo causes heaviness to it, 20a19 . Of comparing, adapting, etc.: ithé sidi conṅdelggaddar do persanaib, Sg. 39a11 . dligid is entitled to takes do (later de) of pers. (see dligid).

(b) Freq. in intrans. constr. with vbs. denoting to serve, yield, obey; rule; oppose, injure, offend; satisfy, please; believe, trust; thank (atluchedar buide); assent; greet; answer, correspond; suit; indulge, spare, pity, etc.; deny, refuse (a number of these verbs show other constructions also, see s.v.): bad dú Dia fognem gl. Domino servientes, Wb. 5d19 . roirladigsetar genti do hiriss, 7c16 . sléchtid Isserninus du Pátricc, Thes. ii 241 . Currech Life . . . is terc rí dia rodamain to whom he yielded, Metr. Dinds. iii 234 . tigernaigit ┐ follamnaigit do na cóic gradaib, PH 6242 . cor urchoidigh a truma dóibh, CCath. 2075 . manu toltnaiged do, Sg. 72b6 . rochreitset do precept, Wb. 24d23 . atluchur do Dia, 3b19 . an olcc dia cocéitbani to which thou consentest, 1c10 . co robennach cach díb dia chele, Thes. ii 335 . frisgair in testemin-se dondaib dligedaib, Sg. 193b6 . immidaircet do Christ which are appropriate to C., Ml. 2d4 . arcessi do neoch bes meldach less, Wb. 4c19 . dlomis Fíacc dóib, Thes. ii 242 . Also with vbs. of happening, befalling, meeting, etc. , including certain cases of intrans. vbs. of motion: ni do cach brethir tecming persona not all vbs. have personal inflection, Sg. 161a1 . is ann dorala dosom a denam, Thes. ii 299 . amal forcoémnacair do Loegairiu, FB § 83 . doroacht saegul sír damsa, Ériu iv 132 . intan tanic dó lobrai, Thes. ii 318 .

(c) With many adjs. and abstracts denoting proximity, likeness, equality, identity and their opposites; relationship; figurative relations (fitness, propriety, possession, etc.) and feelings (in sense towards, Lat. erga). In many cases it is hard to decide whether the ex. belongs to this or the following section (II): is nesa do geintib, Wb. 2b17 . fri praenomen cosmail do, Sg. 28a15 . is cotarsne don dúalig in sualig, Wb. 9b8 . immar-bdais meic dó, PH 4097 . húere atta mbrāthir dūnd since they are kinsmen of ours, ZCP viii 316 . combat irlithi geinti do hiriss obedient to the faith, Wb. 7c14 . is do is dír anní is psalmus , Hib. Min. 281 . is foluss dún it is evident to us, Sg. 40b14 . rop trócar rí nime dún, Hy. vi 23 . do bhádar cennsa do Chiarán, SG 3 . serc Dǽ dúibsi et for serc-si do Dia `God's love to you' (rather your love for God, etc. , see III (c) below), Wb. 18b21 . is miscuis do Dia, 3d33 . écennais . . . do na pecdachaib, PH 3478 . do marbadh iad ó esgcáirdib dhóib by enemies of theirs, SG 7 .

(d) After certain interjections: monuar dhamh, BS 40 . ach ach do ail alas for the stone! LL 181a32 . ach do phéin, ACL iii 236 § 10 . uch d'aithis, LB 106b57 . uchachan . . . don gabad fil ar mo chinn, ACL iii 233 . fochen duit a Loig, SCC § 16 (cf. fochen Conall . . . fochen Cet, IT i 103 , 104 ). mochen duib, IT i 99 .

II Introducing the person (or thing) interested in an action, state, event, or circumstance.

1 Dat. of interest in strict sense (including the dativus commodi vel incommodi) after vbs., substantives, and adjs.

(a) fo besad fir trebuir crenas tíir dia chlaind, Wb. 29d23 . condaig indocbáil dia thigerni et non sibi ipsi , 8d20 . roshuidig . . . manistir dó (= sibi monasterium conlocavit), Lat. Lives 91 . tafnetar coin alta dí wolves hunted (it) for her, Hy. v 60 . ni accim maith dúib I see no good for you, TBC-LL¹ 1780 . noco treciub duit . . . immāin tāna bó Cualṅge I will not abandon for thy sake, 1661 . dona hurtroighib rodolba Banba do macaib Miled which B. fashioned for (= against) the sons of M., Corm. Y 949 (dat. incomm.). nech diuscai debuith dia brathair who stirs up mischief against, Ériu vii 162 . cuimnigidh . . . do clandaibh Cuinn a n-anuabhar remember against, ZCP xiv 229 .

Freq. with parts of body, somet. in combination with a poss. pron.: ní forroim cid drisiuc for toind dó, TBC-I¹ 1206 . co rogab sonn in dúne dóib dar sróin, Metr. Dinds. iii 82 . gebid dúrna dar a gnúis dó, PH 2331 .

The dat. incommodi is freq. after vbs. (both trans. and intrans.) denoting a hostile movement, attack, etc.: dosleic dóib he shoots at them, SCC § 7 . focherd N. aurchor dó, TBC-I¹ 1292 . rodibairg in ngai dó, RC iii 178 . atraig cech fer di alailiu, IT i 67 . dús in fagbad . . . taidbsiu (leg. taidbsin?) do thir na talmain, SR 2584 , cf. 5823 . mairfit Ulaid a mblechtach do gressaib ┐ glammaib . . . dar cend a n-enig the U. will kill their milch-kine (to ward off) attacks and lampoons (in Folge von Beleidigungen und Satiren, Wind.), TBC-LL¹ 1737 .

(b) After nouns and adjs.: rop ámm tusmeda do mnái in rig, Lat. Lives 66 . oénach diar n-ócaib a gathering-place for our youths, Metr. Dinds. ii 80 . lx bliadan robo lān do Patraic, Thes. ii 313 . ba terc cach n-adbar dó, Imr. Brain i 52 . in lám is dílmain dom my disengaged hand, Fél. p. 200 . Esp. after a subst. employed as pred. with the copula: sóire do chách ar sóire-ni, Wb. 14b11 . togu damsa aní sin, Thes. ii 225.18 . issi in bānmartre du duiniu, 247 . ní lesainm dait Cuculaind, FB § 11 . anas muir glan don nói . . . is mag meld . . . damsa, Imr. Brain § 34 .

Note also: attroilli dúnn delegi (= diligi) a nobis he deserves of us to be loved by us, Wb. 2d13 . is doib-sin rochan in senchaid of them the shanachie has sung, Fianaig. 4 . sir in baile . . . don litin search the town for the porridge, SG 243 . do bhatur . . . ag iarraidh Erenn do scela Tana, ZCP ix 244 . atcondairc-siom ind figeill . . . do dílgud i Tamlachti do Chaindech excused for (in honour of) C., Mon. Tall. § 22 .

2 After the copula folld. by an adj. or abstract denoting what is desirable, advantageous, usual, fit, lawful, right, indifferent, necessary, etc. , or the reverse, for a person, the virtual subject being generally a vn., infinitive phrase or clause, e.g. is áil (maith, olc, mairg, bés, gnáth, cet, cóir, dliged, geiss, cumme, écen, etc.) dó; further in a variety of expressions such as: is fír (gó) dó; is cian (éim, fota, mithid) dó. For exx. see these words, and cf. further: nír fhírda dó dul don chath, SR 6903 . ba féliu duit th'immfholuch oldás teiched it were nobler for you to hide yourself, TBC-LL¹ 1973 . is col dúin dia foirglem it is a sin for us to assert it, Fél. Ep. 98 . cathugud ceilgi as clē dūind, ACL iii 327 § 30 . ni hidan lais dondhí da taberr a thaechtad he does not consider it clean dealing for the person . . . to keep it, Mon. Tall. § 41 . Contrast: is maith dom it is good for me with is m. limm I deem it a good thing: is lesc lim-sa inní sin, bar C., teiched ria n-oenfer . . . Ni lesc ám duit-siu ón, bar F., dáig techfet-sa remut-su, TBC-LL¹ 2875 . ní ba fochen leu a forcital the teaching will not be welcome to them, Wb. 30d7 . is fochen dóib they are welcome, IT i 99 . is ced dó a bith marb masa ced ra Dia let him die (lit. he has leave to die) if God permits, Moling § 62 . in annso is áil duit airisiumh? — Massedh as áil le Dia, as ann, BNnÉ 17 § 30 . in tol damsa . . . anadh sunn? is it (God's) will for me to remain here? 79 § 152 .

3 Used as the Lat. dativus ethicus (dative of pers. interested in a statement) with an imperative; only with pronouns: an dún we pray thee to wait, CRR § 6 . apair dam fri mac Saráin, Ériu iii 96 § 1 . teilg-su dún orchur forru, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 . ling dūinn lēim dona lēimennuibh sin rolingthea, BS 62 .

4 Used with subst. vb. to denote loosely possession, appurtenances, etc. ; freq. with an adv. of place, in which case it is hardly to be distinguished from cases given under II 1 (a) above: issed file do hodie this is (the form) it has at present, Sg. 140a3 . ataat ilsenman dosuidiu it has many sounds, Wb. 12c46 . dechor inna pían bete donaib pecthachaib, 13c26 . fail a mor-abba dam I have good cause, TBC-LL¹ 219 . ni bia tarba do draidechta duit, PH 2187 . ni be mundteras dó fri banscala let him have no friendship with women, Mon. Tall. § 61 . Exceptionally with copula: ? combed doib foraithmet bed torbach that there should be to them a profitable recollection, Ml. 23a2 . bid duit rige Lagen co brath, Thes. ii 341.19 . céinmair dia mba findchride, Imr. Brain § 28 .

5 With subst. vb. in the idiom: atú dó I am concerned with him, have to deal with him, generally with hostile significance I am angry with him, have something against him; oft. in impers. constr.: ished inso romboth dossom that is why they were angry with him, Wb. 19a9 , cf. 5b31 . is hed dathar dún gl. maledicimur quod speramus, 28d4 , cf. 21c9 . ni nach cin aile notaid dom it is for no other fault you are hostile to me, 19d26 . cid tai-siu don mac? what have you against the lad? TBC-LL¹ 1041 , cf. 940 , 1144 . rohinnisedh dó in fāth 'ma rabas dó, Moling § 51 . cidh 'ma bfuile damh?, ZCP x 10 . tacram a scel . . . atái dam `the matter with which thou reproachest me', Ériu vii 225 . The idiom: cid di atái? what ails thee? LL 202a9 , where do is used with neut. rel. pron., may perhaps rather be explained as an elliptical construction under the head A II; as also the later idiom: gá táim dó (why should I dwell on it?): furtacht Banba . . . gá ttá mé dho . . . ag so an té dar tairrngireadh, 3 C 3, 633.11 .

6 Used with ellipse of copula in the interrogation cid dó . . . ? why (does) he . . . ? (lit. what is it to him? with emphasis on pron.): cid dait gan a gabail aní gabas cách? why dost thou not take . . . ? TBC-LL¹ 3042 . cid dún can techt i n-agid Conculaind? why should we not go? TBC-I¹ 1484 (LU). cid duit mo ṡarugadh-sa do dhenamh?, ZCP viii 553 . cid dait-siu ná bad lat in curathmír why shouldst not thou have the champion's bit? FB § 8 .

7 Often used in impers. constr. after the copula to introduce the virtual subj. when the predicate is (a) an adverbial expression, or somet. (b) an adj., or (c) an interrog. adv.

(a) ní úainni duib-si ye are not from us, Wb. 18b9 . ní i n-óen diaithir doib they are not in one orbit, BCr. 18d5 . fora fóessam dún may we be under their protection, Hy. v 106 . bá doigh leo comad a sídib di, TE § 5 ( IT i 120 ). fa righ ┐ sagart Melcisideic ┐ mar an gceudna do Chríost, Eochairsg. 26 . Especially after DE followed by noun in pl. to denote class to which the virtual subject belongs (see Bergin, Ériu xi 149 ): de Iudéib do Barnaip, di geintib do Thit B. was a Jew, T. a Gentile, Wb. 18d6 . di Grecaib dóib huili, Sg. 31b2 . robo do mnáib glicca in domain di, Acall. 7426 . Note also: is de corpore dissi (i.e. the eye), Wb. 12a26 . Freq. joined with expressions of time, the copula being omitted: bliadain lan dó oc tinól na flede, FB § 1 . for tuili doib . . . cethracha lá ┐ aidche, SR 2523 , cf. 4820 .

(b) ní segda dom, Trip.² 1765 . madh calma duitsiu inā dósom if thou art more valiant than he, Ériu v 152 . conadh treisi don toictiu inas duin that Fate is stronger than we, CCath. 4072 .

(c) can duibse? whence are ye? Sg. 242a2 . can deit a ingen? TE § 5 ( IT i 120 ). cinnas do a rad . . . ? why should he say . . .?, Thes. ii 311.19 . cinnus do sluagh tire Temrach? how is it with the host . . .?, Snedg. u. Mac R 12 .

8 Freq. used after vbs. in impers. construction, esp. compds. with imm- denoting reciprocal action: ní 'manacige dó frim-sa he shall not see me, Ériu ii 194 . comorogaib dóib a ndís the pair grappled with each other, Metr. Dinds. iii 82 . imatarla doib, Anecd. v 11 . imatarraid dūn, ib. immotaéth dóib both sides will fall, LL 275a30 . immacomsinitar dóib, FB § 38 . With intrans. vbs.: ó thánic dóib co dérgud, FB § 80 . ó do chomraic dóib i n-aeninud when they met, SG 360 . anais don Caillin i Tul[aig] C. remained, Fen. 180 . With subst. vb.: fil dún ó thossuch dúle cen áiss we are without age, Imr. Brain § 44 . fochtus Diarmait innus na bé ndi, RC xi 129 . Cf. further: robá-sa i n-imṡnim mor . . . co roglé dam till I arrived at a decision, IT i 98 . co roglé dó a caithim uile, BNnÉ 300 . co tair damh-sai aislingi . . . d'indisin duit till I have finished telling you my dream, MacCongl. 117 . With ellipse of vb.: as tir duit get thee out of the country, RC xx 24 . dún sís dond ath down with us to the ford, TBC-I¹ 1193 . dochum na chuchdiri dóib, Mon. Tall. § 12 .

III Introducing agent after passive (finite), verbal of necess., and (most freq.) vn.

(a) After pass. vb.: imberthar fidcella dún let us play chess, SCC § 3 . toirimt[h]er tōraind in lis don mnái, Corm. Y 502 . doberar dam duid gid ni nar chuindgis thou shalt receive from me, YBL 167a4 . doces do co roba ben he perceived (it seemed to him?) that it was a woman, Todd Nenn. 210 . cumachta na flatha dia tardad in fín, LL 282b3 `by whom the wine was given', Meyer, GJ iv 217 .

(b) After verbal of necess. and participial adjs. compounded with in-: ní tabarthi dímess do neoch for nach n-énirt, Wb. 6c19 . ni denti duib-si anisin, Ml. 82a7 . connarb inríata dó in chonar, FB § 36 . is inchreidte dóibh they ought to believe, Eochairsg. 21.34 .

(c) After vn. both of trans. and intrans. vbs.: airitiu colno do Christ, Wb. 31d2 . tre atlogud buide donaib nóibaib thanksgiving by the saints, 17a3 . slige dund aingiul inna nAssar the slaying of the A. by the angel, Ml. 16c12 . rena richtin du Pool before P. reached it, Thes. i 495 ( Ardm. 107b ). fer do marbad do Moise, SR 3726 . scrin Dochoma do briseadh doaibh, AU 797 . (Intrans. vb.) magthad lasuidiu cretem do geintib, Wb. 5a1 . oc techt dam dar Maig L., SCC § 34 . buid domsa i n-iriss, Wb. 5b20 . iure feidligthe disi i n-ógi by the principle of its remaining in integrity, Sg. 16a14 .

With IAR and vn.: iarna grísad dond araid on being urged on by the charioteer, FB § 43 . iar ndiultad do Petar a thigerna, PH 605 . iar mbeith ceangailte d'ár lámhaibh (= ligatis manibus), TSh. 6762 . ar gclos a anma d'Éirinn, SG 1 .

do-tét

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-tét or dil.ie/18490
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: taet, táet, taet, toet, táit, táit, dothéig, dotét, dotet, dutét, dothét, totét, tothét, dothéit, tothéit, totheit, do-théid, dotháet, dothaet, dothaed, totaét, tothaet, totaet, dotoet, dothoet, tothóet, dotaot, dotháod, do-n-aot, toaeth, dothaéti, doteiti, táet, taet, frisa-taet, tait, thaét, thaed, taét, dutiagat, tuthegot, dothiagat, doíagat-side, doíagat, dothaégat, tótháegat, dotiagat, rathaegat, ro-(ra-)thoegat, toegat, tuidchet, dadigthet, dothéged, dotheged, dotéiged, dotheiged, dotheided, dutéigtis, doteigtis, totegtis, dotheigdis, tāigtis, dotias, dotéis, dotes, totais, totaisiu, dothéi, doté, tái, tae, thaisid, dothaiset, taessat, dotaesad, totessed, taised, taesad, dothaistis, tocus-sa, thuidchis, thúdchaiss, tuidchis, do-d-decha, dodecha, dodadecha, dodeocha, tudaich, dodechsat, dodichset, dodigset, dodigsid, tuidchiset, ndigesta, dodichsed, tui[d]chesmais, do-n-dichsitis, doreg, to-rrach, torach, do-nd-riga, dorriga, dorega, terga, tirga, duregam, tergam-ni, d-a-regaid, tergaid, doregat, durigat, thergainn, -terced, doraga, doragha, targa, targai, targa, doragut, toragat, targaitt, targtha, doragad, dorachad, thargad, ttargadh, targtais, tairgtis, dolud-sa, dolod, dolot, doluid, dolluid, tolduid, dulluid, duluith, doluide, doluidi, dolluide, túlaid, tuluid, tulaid, contuilid, contuilid, tolid, tolaid, luid, dulodmar, dolodbair, dullotar, dolotar, doloddur, tollotar, dolotatar, tolotatar, tultatar, taltadar, dalotsam, dolluidset, dodechad, dodecad, dodechod-sa, tuidched, tuithched-sa, dodechad, tudchad-so, tuthcho, dodechuid, dodechaid, dodeachaid, dodeachaig, thuidchid, thuithchid, thudchid, tudc[h]ith, tauthchaid, thadhchaid, do-n-dechommar, dudechummar, dodechamar, dodechobair, tudchaibair, tuchubuir, du-n-dechutar, dodechadar, con-tuthchatar, ttudhchatar, tudhchator, dodeochad, dodeochad-sa, dodeochaid, dodeochabair, dodeochatar, s-, do-dechadus, dodeochadas-sa, dodheochadus, dotiagar, dutiagar, dotíagar, duthiasar, dothiastar, doraghtur, dodechas, cosa-tuidches, taetadh, dotaetadar, dotaetsatt, dotoetsat, thaethsadar, taetsat, theichseadar, dodechad, do-deachad, tisad, thudchadh, tudchad, tudchais, tudhchaidset, targus-[s]a, targa, dargamar, targa, doragad, dodloutar, dolotur-sa, dolluthir, tuidechta, tuidecht, do-tét, doluid, dodechaid, deisiul, túathbiul, taet, dotiagar

v (* to-tiag-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 645 . See also Ériu xii 227 ff .). Ipv. 2 s. taet, SR 5991 . 3 s. táet, TBC-I¹ 1339 LU; FB § 31 . taet, Thes. ii 359.4 . toet, BNnÉ 94 § 207 . táit, TBC-LL¹ 95 . 2 pl. táit, Ml. 34a1 ; Wb. 25c14 ; FB § 5 ; Imr. Brain ii 285.11 (toet, v.l.).

Indic. pres. 2 s. dothéig, TBC-I¹ 39 LU; Ériu i 116 § 4 . 3 s. dotét, Sg. 108a3 . dotet, 158a3 ; Ml. 22d9 , 53a8 ; TBC-I¹ 1040 YBL. dutét, Ardm. 18a1 ( Thes. ii 240.13 ); Ml. 22b1 . dothét (rel.), 46a7 . totét, Thes. ii 251.7 , 9 ; Fianaig. 38.4 . tothét, TBC-I¹ 1021 LU. dothéit, 311 LU. tothéit, BDD § 71 . totheit, TBC-I¹ 719 LU. do-théid, 576 . dotháet, BDD § 73 , 126 (common form in TBC2 LU). dothaet, SR 5963 . dothaed, TBC-I¹ 2359 . totaét, 1006 , 1245 (both LU); TE § 13 LU. tothaet, TBC-I¹ 1040 , 1248 , 1285 (all LU); BDD § 62 . totaet, Anecd. iv xi 16 . dotoet, Gild. Lor. 2 . dothoet, TBC-I¹ 289 , 531 , etc. (common form in YBL). tothóet, FB § 53 . dotaot, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes, 26.8 , cf. AFM iii 326.9 . dotháod, Mon. Tall. 127.15 (forms with diphth. áe, óe due to influence of prototonic forms; cf. also do-n-aot, Hugh Roe 300.11 . toaeth, Lib. Flav. i 26vb15 ). Rel. (in imitation of téite) dothaéti, TBC-I¹ 1577 LU = doteiti, YBL. ní táet , Sg. 159a3 . ní taet , 197a4 ; Thes. ii 253.7 . frisa-taet, Sg. 213a10 . ní tait , Ml. 109d5 . ní thaét , TBC-I¹ 208 LU = thaed, YBL. airm i taét , TBC-LL¹ 1583 . 3 pl. dutiagat, Ml. 45d12 , 103b16 , 111c9 . tuthegot (rel.), Cambr. 38b ( Thes. ii 247.17 ). dothiagat, FB § 53 . doíagat-side (dothiagadside, v.l. ), LU 4964 ( TBC-I² 532 , see note). doíagat ... do Cholptu (dothiagad, v.l.), LU 5380 ( TBC-I² 1017 ). dothaégat, FB § 20 ; BDD § 153 ; TBC-I¹ 198 LU. tótháegat, IT i 138.10 LU = dotiagat, Eg. Note also: rathaegat, TBC-LL¹ 5097 . ro-(ra-)thoegat, 4926 , 5120 . toegat, RC xii 424 § 7 .

Perfective pres. 3 s. ní tuidchet (sic leg.), AU 783 . o dadigthet , ZCP iii 454 n. 27 (v.l.).

Impf. 3 s. dothéged (rel.), TE 9 LU; Imr. Brain § 61 . dotheged, TBC-I¹ 165 LU. dotéiged, TE 11 LU. dotheiged, TBC-I¹ 2937 . dotheided, Ériu iii 142.229 . 3 pl. dutéigtis, Ml. 108b1 . doteigtis, Corm. Y 1233 = totegtis (?), LL 179b8 . dotheigdis, TBC-I¹ 3428 . co tāigtis , Ériu ii 100 § 4 .

Subj.

(a) Pres. 1 s. dotias, Wb. 1a7 . 2 s. dotéis, TBC-I¹ 1301 LU. dotes, Ériu viii 122.14 . totais, ZCP xiii 256.11 . totaisiu, TE 11 LU. 3 s. dothéi, Wb. 13a12 . doté, Ériu vii 241.8 . nád tái , Sg. 26b7 . ni tae , YBL 92b1 . 2 pl. ceni thaisid , Ml. 33b15 . 3 pl. dothaiset, FB § 87 . co taessat , LU 6785 ; BDD § 31 . Impf. 3 s. dotaesad, TBC-I¹ 2877 . totessed, LU 7133 ( BDD § 81 ). co taised , Ml. 121b1 ; TBC-I¹ 2909 . taesad, BB 378b17 . 3 pl. dothaistis, LU 6962 ( BDD § 60 ).

(b) Pres. 1 s. ? ni tocus-sa . RC xii 78.10 . 2 s. ní thuidchis , BDD § 16 = thúdchaiss, Eg. dia tuidchis , YBL 130a44 ( Anecd. i 8 ). 3 s. do-d-decha (dodecha, dodadecha, MSS.), Hy. v 81 ( Thes. ii 346 ). dodeocha, Ériu viii 122.17 . ar na tudaich , LU 9536 . 3 pl. dodechsat, O'Dav. 627 . dodichset, ZCP xiii 23.24 . dodigset, Fél. Ep. 24 . dodigsid, Laws iv 126.z Comm. dia tuidchiset , BDD § 131 (tuidchet, LU). Impf. 2 s. co ndigesta , Trip.² 276 . 3 s. dodichsed, Sg. 18a4 . -tudchissed, , Anecd. iii 58.2 . 1 pl. con tui[d]chesmais , Ml. 93b5 . 3 pl. resiu do-n-dichsitis , 104c5 .

Fut. 1 s. doreg, Wb. 7d15 ; SR 1279 . ? to-rrach, TBC-I¹ 1624 (torach, LU). 3 s. do-nd-riga, Wb. 25a38 . dorriga, 25b28 . dorega, Ml. 28a10 ; SR 3343 . ní terga , Wb. 17c4 ; TBC-I¹ 1241 . ni tirga , Ml. 121a17 . 1 pl. duregam, 80d10 . ni tergam-ni , 107d11 . 2 pl. d-a-regaid, Ml. 33b15 . ní tergaid , Trip.² 2150 . 3 pl. doregat, Ml. 61a13 , 111c14 . durigat, 106a4 . Condit. 1 s. ní thergainn , Trip.² 1200 . 3 s. ? -terced, Anecd. ii 18.17 . In later lang. with stem dorag-, targ-. 3 s. doraga, TBC-I¹ 2422 , Trip. 60.2 , etc. doragha, ZCP xiii 167.5 . targa, SR 3631 . ni targai (leg. targa?), AU 886 , cf. SR 4498 . 3 pl. doragut, PH 7054 . toragat, Moling § 50 . ? na targaitt , Leb. Gab.(i) 254 . Condit. 2 s. ni targtha , TBC-LL¹ 1803 , cf. 1883 . 3 s. doragad, FB § 8 . dorachad, Marco P. 142 . nī thargad , TBC-I¹ 336 = LU 4827 . co ttargadh , Leb. Gab.(i) 8.25 . 3 pl. na targtais , SR 6775 . ni tairgtis , ZCP viii 110.2 .

Pret. 1 s. dolud-sa, LU 1840 . 2 s. dolod, LU 10244 ( dolluidi-siu, 10241 ). dolot, TE § 5 Eg. ZCP iii 233 . 3 s. doluid, Tur. 131 , cf. Ml. 55c1 . SR freq. also dolluid. tolduid (= tolluid), Mon. Tall. § 67 . dulluid, Ardm. 18b1 . duluith, Thes. ii 291 . Rel. doluide, ZCP iv 45.23 . doluidi, xiii 6.18 . dolluide, Imr. Brain § 64 . co túlaid , Trip.² 706 . a tuluid , 895 . co tulaid , TBC-I¹ 3665 . ? contuilid, 2772 . ni contuilid , Mon. Tall. § 61 . nico tolid , § 60 . co tolaid , Anecd. i 10 . Cf. ua luid , BB 208a50 ( Todd Nenn. 182 ). 1 pl. dulodmar (dolotamar, v.l.), Imr. Brain i 48.6 . 2 pl. dolodbair, LU 1599 . 3 pl. dullotar, Ardm. 18a1 ( Thes. ii 240.17 , 24 ). dolotar (doll-), TBC-I¹ , CRR . doloddur, Mon. Tall. § 7 . tollotar, Ériu iii 136.32 . dolotatar, TBC-I¹ 2736 . tolotatar, RC xiii 223.50 . con tultatar , Ardm. 18b1 ( Thes. ii 240 ); Dinds. 112 ( RC xvi 63 ); Mon. Tall. § 60 . ni taltadar , Lec. 285a12 . Also occas. with s-forms: 1 pl. dalotsam, RC xiv 62 § 77 . 3 pl. dolluidset, Metr. Dinds. iii 156.9

Perf. 1 s. dodechad, TBC-I¹ 1611 , 1593 . dodecad, SR 1817 . dodechod-sa, Trip. 106.9 ; TBC-I¹ 2118 YBL. dia tuidched , Wb. 10a28 . i tuithched-sa , SG 317.16 . 2 s. dodechad, SR 3094 . dia tudchad-so , TBC-I¹ 458 YBL. canas tuthcho , RC x 224 § 15 . 3 s. dodechuid, Ml. 16c5 , 44b6 , 126b10 ; Sg. 199b1 . dodechaid, Imr. Brain ii 292.1 ; SR 1302 , etc.; TBC-I¹ 1241 YBL. dodeachaid, 3373 . dodeachaig, YBL 174a28 . ní thuidchid , LL 275b9 . ní thuithchid , 19a15 . ní thudchid , RC viii 150 § 2 (LL). conna tudc[h]ith , TBC-I¹ 1445 LU. ní tauthchaid , 1605 ; BDD § 66 (th.). ua thadhchaid , BB 39a31 , cf. Metr. Dinds. ii 34.94 . 1 pl. do-n-dechommar, Wb. 24c17 . dudechummar, Ml. 111b4 . dodechamar, SR 7965 . 2 pl. dodechobair, Trip.² 1114 . dia tudchaibair , FB § 66 . dia tuchubuir , IT iii 239.123 . 3 pl. du-n-dechutar, Ml. 111c14 . dodechadar, TBC-I¹ 3196 , 3362 . con-tuthchatar, LL 1790 . co ttudhchatar , AFM ii 692.4 . tudhchator (rel.), Leb. Gab.(i) 218 . Common with ¤eo- in first syll.: 1 s. dodeochad, SR 3097 . dodeochad-sa, Ériu ii 104 § 14 . 3 s. dodeochaid, SR 4170 , etc.; TBC-I¹ 3476 ; BDD §§ 156 , 157 , 166 . 2 pl. dodeochabair, Rawl. 142b8 . 3 pl. dodeochatar, SR 5450 , etc.; TBC-I¹ 153 LU; BDD § 83 . With s- ending: do-dechadus, Ériu i 134.7 . dodeochadas-sa, SG 256.25 . dodheochadus, BNnÉ 302 § 10 .

Pass. pres. s. dotiagar, Wb. 6a29 ; Thes. ii 292.19 . dutiagar, Ml. 101c6 , 7 , 116b5 . dotíagar, Trip.² 2313 . Subj. s. duthiasar. TBC-I¹ 1136 . dothiastar, Ériu vii 6.35 . Fut. doraghtur, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 15.27 . Perf. dodechas, Imr. Brain i 41.3 . cosa-tuidches, Sg. 199b1 .

In later lang. a number of new (artificial?) forms based on the various old stems appear.

(a) Ipv. 3 s. taetadh, Ériu i 114 § 1 . Pret. 3 pl. dotaetadar, Lib. Flav. i 26va49 . ? ma as dotaetsatt , Laws v 138.15 . dotoetsat na lega co Tadg, SG 326.3 . cor thaethsadar (taetsat, theichseadar, v.l.) rompo ina tor, Todd Nenn. 46 .

(b) Subj. impf. 3 s. amail dodechad , Fianaig. 66.13 . mar do do-deachad (sic), Lib. Flav. i 34ra2 = amal tisad , PH 844 . do thudchadh , Leb. Gab.(i) 72.17 . co tudchad , SG 233.35 . Pret. 2 s. ima tudchais , SG 256.19 . 3 pl. tudhchaidset, Leb. Gab.(i) 26.12 .

(c) Subj. pres. 1 s. co targus-[s]a , PH 624 . 3 s. no go targa , Lib. Flav. i 37ra44 . Pret. tara dargamar romhuinn, 35vb25 . Cf. also: ca tír as a targa hast thou (has it?) come, MR 72.10 . doragad used to come (go), Corm. Y 323 .

(d) Subj. pres. 1 s. cissi conair dodloutar (dolotur-sa, v.l.), Toch. Em. § 67 ( ZCP iii 250 ). Cf. also dolluthir (perh. pass.), LL 285a23 .

Vbl. of necess. tuidechta. Vn. tuidecht. IGT Verbs § 8 .

(a) comes , of motion towards the speaker, or person or place thought of. In Lat. Lives nearly always corresponds to venire; cf. Auraic. 141 : venite .i. tait (taoit, 2429 YBL). In later Mid.Ir. superseded by do-icc, which replaces it in later versions of early texts (e.g. TBC-LL¹ 95 , 1583 , 2706 St.), and somet. glosses it: dodeachaid .i. tainic, ACL iii 14 , 18 (gl. on Trip. 44 , 58 ). tudhchaid .i. tainicc; tudhchadar .i. tangadar, O'Cl. In earlier lang. used freq. in opposiion to 1 téit, and oft. in sense comes back, returns: intan tét a laithe . . . dotét iarum imthanu aidche, Ml. 21c3 . téit in banchorr isin fairrgi . . . co tóet cona heisínib essi, Triads 237 . can dodechad? cid notheig?, SR 3094 . can dodechamar ille . . .? cia dú cosatiagam de?, 7965 . i ndecimbir . . . luid Noe for tonnaib dilenn, i quint kalainn Mai . . . doluid for sleib Armenia, 2616 . forrogellsat . . . noragtis i tír nEgept, co brath na targtais dia tig, 6775 . is cet cia thái, cet cia théis, ZCP iii 37.18 . regat a leth día tuitched (tuithced, MS.), Ériu i 116 . cech leth naragdais, ni tairgtais demna, ZCP viii 110 . co lotar for beolu Mileadaig ┐ ní tudcadur iarsuidiu, Lec. 206a38 . tait as, taeit ind (said by doorkeeper to those who enter and leave), Corm. Y 860 . taet neach uaib ar mo chend-sa, TBC-I¹ 2140 . dutéigtis cucum intan nombíinn hi sóinmigi, Ml. 108b1 . in spirut nóeb chucunn . . . taet . . . co hopunn, Thes. ii 359 . nach fer doteiti chucaib, TBC-I¹ 1577 . táit limsa dom dísiurt, Imr. Brain ii 285 . cid formna fer nErend dothaistís latt, rosbíad failte, BDD § 60 . dolotar ar ceand loingse mac Milead . . . ni taltadar mnā leo, Lec. 285a12 ( Todd Nenn. lxxi ). forofāccaib Dia lind co ndig(s)esta-su do praicept do Gōidiulaib, Anecd. iii 31 = co tista-su, Trip. 444 . in tan doraga [Críst] do mess for beou ┐ marbu, PH 5011 . isbert, bá do chuingi Étáine doluidh, ZCP v 524 . roboi i[c] coitsecht frisin forcetul co tolaidh a máthair for a iarair, Lat. Lives 37 = Trip. 66 ( co toluid. túlaid, Trip.² 706 ). a tuluid Patraic for muir . . . do ascnam Erend, dotaet escop M. ina diaid, Trip.² 896 . tairpthech do ndechuid hastily had he come, 1515 . is bladach dodechadar, TBC-I¹ 3362 . is tailc donddechadar isin telaich, 3196 . is mor . . . a luas dothet, RC iii 183 . ní tergam-ni isin bethaid frecndairc iterum we shall not come back, Ml. 107d11 . resiu dondichsitis as in dōiri, 104c5 . doluid in biail arithissi ar chenn in[na] samthige, Tur. 131 . Cf. adbert A. frisna techtaire tudecht dia tich to return home, Mon. Tall. 162. In: ni terga for culu, Wb. 17c14 ; and: ná tait for culu, 25c14 , the idea of returning may account for use of do-tét. Of things: dothaegat lasrai teined asa mbēlaibh, Ériu ii 130 . co táet fuil flann fonn fo étnu, ACL iii 297 § 52 . ní thoet guth in son let not voice enter thy speech (of silent prayer), RC xv 491 , cf. Thes. ii 253.7 ( Stowe M. 65a ). creit do Dia . . . ar na tudaich tond talman torut, LU 9536 . ni thaudchaid nél dar gréin, BDD § 66 . doragha duit ceó dar a rosgcaib, BColm. 92 . Of time: ō doraga aimser lobtha, Laws i 108 Comm. immon samfuin dothaet next Hallowe'en, RC x 220 § 8 . oidqi hSamnoi dotaet, 224 . in ráithe dothét foir .i. samrad the season following, ZCP viii 175 .

(b) Fig. of mental and abstract relations: ní tait Dia fo tairṅgere cometh not under a promise (i.e. goes back on?), Ml. 109d5 . dotiagat for cairddi `they come under the interterritorial regulations', Laws iv 322 . cēn roba beō, ni tauthchaid a brū for cōir his stomach never came right, TBC-I¹ 1605 . ní berat fír brithemnachta etir in n-áis dutiagat inna reir who submit themselves to them, Ml. 103b16 . ní ba cor cia dodichset nadhmann ┐ ratha inn should enter into it, ZCP viii 23 . dollotar i n-armgrith fell into a panic, TBC-I¹ 1784 . comhainm in laithe dodeachaidh a seilbh na hespogōide came into possession of, Fl. Earls 100 . fobíth aurthig na nóeb dodeochaid etorro the covenant . . . which had passed between them, ZCP viii 316 . ní thargom tar a n-ordugud, Ériu iv 152 . With adj. as complement: saor ó a dteangthaibh ní tharghais you will not come off unscathed, Content. vii 9 .

(c) comes, ensues, takes place; appears, arises (of persons, consequences, events): sona dotaet a loan happiness comes out of fat, Ériu vii 240 . dothet imbas iar mbuais inspiration comes after (follows) knowledge of the art, Corm. Y 148 . a ndomnach doraga in brāth, Ériu iii 144 . ní ḟeadadar-sain cuin doraghadh an diliu, BB 22a32 . is é ní dia targha in sīth suthain, Aen. 2756 . tudcatar airdheana aighthidhe adhuathmhara, AFM i 370 . ? Felix ba mad tuluid, Fél. July 12 . ni targa a tir Maine ōglach bud fearr, ZCP viii 229 . is é doragha re ré | macámh Mhuighi Muirtheimhne who will come in his (due) time, xiii 167 . ní tháinic i nÉrinn . . . ┐ ni tharga . . . díoghail amhlaidh, AFM ii 734 . gabsat sé ríg . . . for hErind ó Ollom ain . . . ní thuithchid nech eturru six kings reigned in unbroken succession, LL 2361 . rige duit . . . ┐ dot sil it degaid | cen tudecht etrut without any other line breaking thy succession (`without quarrelling'), RC xx 142 .

(d) Various uses with prepp. With AR is (goes) surety for: dodeochaid aurthach Bréndain ar Chiarraigiu, ZCP viii 315 . doté(i)t aitire ar fer feras in fuil an `a.'goes surety for, Críth G. 52 . hits upon, contrives: dús cinnas doragad ar imchossáit Ulad, FB § 8 . cinnas doragad ar imchossait na mban, § 16 . amal doragad airi, § 17 . With AS comes off, escapes: conná tudchith nech dib i mbethaid ass, TBC-I¹ 1445 . With DE comes from, arises or develops out of: dotoet torcc mór do orccan, Trip. 468 . ní thaét mo dingbailse dib-so they are not (will not prove) my match, TBC-LL¹ 1123 . anda lim . . . dorraga ní don macsin something will come of that lad, Mon. Tall. § 61 . dothoet oinmit de-seom he is proving himself a fool, Ériu v 28.y . delb in Chruimm d'ór dodechaid was made of gold, Imr. Brain ii 303 . With DO comes to, accrues to: amal dundechutar doinmecha dúnni . . . doregat dano soinmecha dun, Ml. 111c14 . indmas domuin dotrega thou shalt have, SR 3343 . ní taurga ndam báa nde, Anecd. i 42 . dodheachaidh maith dhamhsa dhe, BS 6 . With FOR touches on, mentions: is form féin doreg, Wb. 7d15 . ní for torbe n-imdibi doteit, 2a3 . for riaguil do buith isnaib anmanaib-se dotét híc he touches on the fact that there is a rule, Sg. 108a3 . ní fail ní nád tái mo dligeth-sa fair, 26b7 . dothiasar fair ma atchoise neach duib it will be a subject of conversation if anyone tells (leg. atchói or atchoised?) it to you (?), TBC-I¹ 1136 . comes or falls on, happens to (in good or bad sense): tolduid taurtaim fair a trance fell upon him, Mon. Tall. § 67 . dorega pain forru . . . .i. doberthar pian forru, Ml. 28a10 . co tudchid rath De fair, Ériu v 34 . doraga ferg Dé fort mullach, Trip. 60 = it m., Trip.² 617 . fonascair fair can tudecht forsin slog not to attack, TBC-I¹ 1477 . Cf. ni mait[h]em n-anacail ┐ ni trocaire rodechad (rodécad, v.l.) forra no mercy was shown to them, CCath. 5767 . do-thæt ind enlaith deiginach fair 'the last flock takes it up', TBith.² 193 § 73 . With FRI goes with, applies to, is incident to: fri `finxit' fochetoir dotet á `singulatim' the `singulatim' is construed with `finxit', Ml. 53a8 . ni taét comsuidigud fri rangabáil composition does not occur with a participle, Sg. 159a3 , cf. 158a3 , 4 , 197a4 , 213a10 . cisse comairce dotaot frim? what is my safeguard? Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 26 . ata naidm dogní gnim raithe; naidm son dothe fri giallu, ZCP xiii 24 . Cf. don fechemuin fris-taig the party against whom thou art guarantor (?), Bürgschaft 28 § 76 (cf. fris-tēt, 24 § 67 ; leg. ¤taít with v.l.?). Opposes: ri side as amram tic Erind co tudchaid fri Ruadhan, YBL 136a18 . ní tuidecht frit' forngaire, SR 3798 . ? Cf. Laws iv 32 Comm. : can ēlod do lēcod im a cáindliged .i. apaid nā troisci ce dodechaid fris `though he was fairly met (by an offer of arbitration)'. turns to, takes up, practises (with RE): dalluid Find ra héicsi n-aird, Fianaig. 46 . ar dūthchus a māthar dodhechaidh sidhe re héiccsi (of the poet Fland mac Lonáin), ZCP viii 110 .

(e) Oft. used of indef. motion and in Mid. Ir. freq. in meaning goes (motion from place or pers. thought of); this is esp. common in later texts with the pret. forms doluid and dodechaid, do- being looked on as sign of past tense: tait-si round ┐ ragsa far ndiaid go on and I will follow, TBC-I¹ 992 . táet nech uan d' ḟarcsi maige M., 5144 . cia doragad risin tectairect sin? who would go on that message? CRR 8 . ind deichmaid uathaid escai . . . doluid Nae andsan airc . . . et i sechtmaid fichit sa mis cetna . . . dodeachaid aiste, Lec. 542b25 . conā feis cia dū dodechaid whither she had gone, Mór M. 262 . dodheachaidh G. do sheilg . . . ┐ ba sí conair dochuaidh, BS 44 . Often with REME, etc. goes on, advances: dothaod roimhi ina rēim roretha, BS 4 . doluidh roime ar amus a thíre, 122 .

(f) Rarely trans.: occas. with cogn. or instrum. accus.: a ndorigne do ḟertaib ni fail dune doddecha (dodecha, dodadecha, MSS.) there is none who can tell (lit. come to, attain it), Hy. v 81 (with gloss .i. doene a tiachtain; see note Thes. 80 ). Cf. also: ceni thaisid ar ois, daregaid ar ecin, Ml. 33b15 (with infd. neut. pron.). is tailc donddechadar isin telaich, TBC-I¹ 3196 . issnib colnidib tuthegot duguthrigi (leg. dagathrigi) who come to good repentance, Cambr. 38b . tothaet meis fóaimsera `judgment goes with good times', BDD § 28 (but cf. O'Cl. : dothaod meas fó aimsera .i. téid an breitheamhnas ris an aimsear). ni thargai (leg. targa?) Temru turu . . . fer fo Mael to Tara's towers there will not come, AU 836 = ní targa i tTeamhraigh tura, AFM i 536 . is lá cach(a) tíre do-tét dlega(i)r aire `a day for every parcel of land to which it comes' (of water), Ériu xvii 70 § 10 ( Laws iv 214 ). dodeochad-sa (dodechas, dodeochusae, MSS.) aiccept I have come to a lesson, Ériu v 32 . din tuidecht dundechuid Crist hi tech inna sacard the coming wherewith C. came, Ml. 44b1 . cach conair dolluid in ben, Metr. Dinds. iii 30 . ní tharga in chonair chōir, RC xi 42 . dodeochaid huide fata, SR 5697 . dodeochatár a cétna n-ude (sic leg.) a Cruachnaib, TBC-I¹ 153 . dodechotar sel mór, ZCP ix 191 . targa fortacht De for tóir will come to your succour, SR 3631 . In the follg. the orig. form of the noun may be d s. deisiul, túathbiul: ní thuidchis deaseal Temrach, BDD § 16 . dothē desell in brogo, ZCP iii 214 . totaed deissiul Sencan, Anecd. iv p. xi . mad tuaithbel dodeocha, Ériu viii 122 .

(g) In impers. constructions. Act. with DO of pers.: taet as itir lāe ┐ aidche dūn chena, ol A., co rīsem Cuailgne let us set out (ipv. 3 s.?), TBC-I¹ 829 . condocorostor asin (leg. isin) loch . . . co tulaid dō ass co luan came out of it, 3664 . Note also: dot-luid i mbernai armo chenn-sa, ScM. 13 (see note). See Celtica ii 216 and cf. tánic de . . . coa maí fessin, LU 3267 ( SCC § 6 ). Pass. denúas dotiagar hisa tech . . . sis . . . dotiagar ass the house is entered from above, Thes. ii 292 . iar ngrad cháich dutiagar leu du failti fris[i]n ríg they come to welcome, Ml. 116b5 . dotíagar uad do chuinchid ind ḟíacla he sends messengers to seek, Trip.² 2313 . dotiagar ōn rīg dia n-agallaim, RC xxiv 144 . dodechas ó Áedán co Fiachnae ara tísed dia chobair, Imr. Brain i 41 . dodechas ō Maine cuice do cuingidh na muice, Dinds. 112 ( RC xvi 63 ). In O.Ir. glosses with FO is construed as: cid fo gním cid fo chésath dotiagar it is construed both actively and passively, Wb. 6a29 . is fo forṅgartaid . . . dutiagar á manifestare the (word) m. is construed as an imperative, Ml. 101c6 . is fo foxlaid dutiagtar they are construed ablatively, 106c3 .

1 enech, ainech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 enech, ainech or dil.ie/20066
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ainech, ainech, enech, einic, enig, ainiuch, inchaib, enech, enigh

n o, n. (Ascoli considered the latter form to be originally a distinct word, connected with aingid protects), in later lang. m., and sometimes s in pl.

I Face, front ; as the word is regularly pl. in early Irish the original meaning was evidently brows or cheeks. In the later lang. it is more usually treated as sg.: n p. a di chulaid-som friu ┐ enech Loig, TBC-I¹ 1154 . a p. ní 'na n-enech robitha acht is inna ndrummai (gl. vulnera non aduerso corpore exciperunt, sed auerso) Ml. 100b2 . dubeir cách a chorp hí cotarsnae fria chele .i. enech fri enach (gl. aduersis corporibus) 65b10 . follaig Medb a hainech, LU 6567 . tucastar dóit fri dóit ┐ einech fri einech, CRR 45.48 . goeth garb ina n-enech, FA 26 (LB). nobetis déra geiredh dar eneach gach caratt ZCP vii 268 § 4 . d p. is i n-inchaib atat na cétfaide, O'Mulc. 403 . g p. comlethet a enech di or, LU 20b27 = MU 54.15 . cathbarr ┐ éittidh robaoi foraibh ag...diamlughadh a n-aightheadh ┐ a n-eineach, Hugh Roe, 166.9 (f. 44b) . In later texts the gen. is usually in sg. form: ar son a einich .i. ar son a aighthe, O'Cl. s. eineach, and the word is probably to be taken as sg. in the following exx.: glass robhói a ainech .i. aighed ghlas lais, Cóir Anm. 201 . dorat sígín na croiche dar a enech, RC x 185.14 . dearg a oineach .i. a ghnúis, Keat. ii 2223 (< dearg-ainech robái, Cóir Anm. 21 ). Later form of n p.: nírbo heinighi carat im [sic leg.] fleid in lucht bátar isin tig sin faces of friends at a feast Hib. Min. 52.23 (= aigthe carat, IT i 99.15 ). Of the outer surface of anything: nói mbuilc co n-inchaib órdaib, BDD 119 .

In phrases: ar (for) inchaib over against, in front of: Lia na Fían... | ar inchaib Rátha Senaid, Metr. Dinds. i 18.80 . co torchair for incuibh a duine fessin, Ériu vi 144.10 . badar da tulaigh arda fora n-inchaibh, CCath. 2407.1652 . Leb. Gab.(i) i 208.30 . Hugh Roe² 3.32 (f. 2a) . AFM vi 1898 z . After verb of motion: tainic ar ionchaibh a lethemain came in front of his twin (to shield him) CCath. 2068 ( Luc. Phars. iii 614 ). do dhol ar ionchaibh an Choimdhedh go breithemnus mbratha, BNnÉ 128.17 .

The following seem to belong to this section, but the sense may be that of II b: dorochradar...gleri laech for inchaib a tigernadh, Aen. 2494 . do eirgedar...isin comlonn sin ar inchaib Fergusa `in support of F.' Celt. Rev. iv 22 note m.

ar (for) enech into the presence of (cf. II b). Later also in front of: Ó D. ┐ Ó N. do bheith i ndíbh scoraibh for aineach aroile ó Shamhain go Nodlaicc, AFM iv 1178 x = for enech, AU 1490 . atconnairc T. an t-aingel ina seasamh ar a oinigh [leg. oinech?] gerbo ina diaidh fosraccaibh, Aisl. Tond. 101.9 . Cf. elta dian mag fo ócaib...fert na n-airech ... | décaid ar ainech Etair, Metr. Dinds. iii 106.52 .

fri enech opposite: isind ḟoclúi féinnida fri enech in ríg, BDD 74 . Cf. Ml. 65 b10 and CRR 48 , cited above.

i n-enech against, in opposition to: dolbfamaitni sé muca...a n-einech na sé n-onchon, Anecd. ii 62.15 ; 63.3 . Cf. duberat mo bráthir im ainech mu étchi my kinsmen urge against me my ugliness (cast it in my teeth?) Trip. 152.6 . ? dá mbeith ’na oineach 'if opposed by him' Celtica xvi 91 § 5 .

os inchaib?: airchinnig étrocair bíte ós inchaib martra na nnǽb for dānaib ┐ dechmadaib na hecailsi, FA 25 (this may belong to II).

enech i n-inchaib face to face: tucad cuce in di tabald co mbatar ina lamoib eneuch a n-inchoib facing one another RC xiii 223.53 . dorola airri na hA. doib...eineach i n-inchaip for in muig, CCath. 3058 . With do: do suidhigh [Césair] a longphort ann einech i n-inchaibh do longphort Poimp, 3287 . With fri: gabhsat longport and eineach i n-ionchuibh fri hUltaib, ZCP xiv 228.1 . batar enech i n-ionchaibh friaroile corofighedh iomairecc, AFM ii 908.5 . iii 362.4 . Hugh Roe² 5.32 (f. 3a) . go ranuicc go Dún na nGall eineach i n-ionchaibh frisna Gallaibh, 18.4 (f. 10a) . AFM vi 1926.10 .

e.¤ imm inchaib id.: ro gabh Cesair longphort...enech um inchaibh ríu, CCath. 2286 . Cf. robhai aigidh im inchaib fris directly opposite him Aen. 2857 .

With pref., as adj.:

bán-ainech white-faced: ben bán-ainech, TBC-LL¹ 4314 = TBC-I¹ 2789 (= banaighthech St).

clár-ainech flat-faced: Mo Bii...in clárainech ( .i. cen sróin lais itir, LB 97 ), Fél. Oct. 12 . in dall clar-enech = cæcum tabulatam faciem habentem Todd Lect. v 86.3 . Cf. ferais tromṡnechta...co mbatar clarenig uile coiceda hErend din tṡnechtu so that all the fifths of Ireland were equally level plains TBC-LL¹ 627 .

crunn¤ (cruinn¤ ) round-cheeked: gnúis chorcra chrund-ainech, TBC-LL¹ 5323 .

coím¤ with noble face: Cathbad cóem-ainech, IT i 68.14 . LU 124 az = ZCP iii 236.19 ( ¤oinech). mor cend caem-ainech, BB 420 a36 .

derg¤ ruddy-cheeked: derg-ainech robái coni[d] dé ro lil Enna Derg dé, Cóir Anm. 21 .

gorm¤ swarthy-cheeked: fer gorm-ainech, BDD 75 . fien gorm-ainech, Fianaig. 10 § 8 .

moíth¤ soft-cheeked: ben mæth-ainech, TBC-I¹ 2789 .

COMPDS.: pn enech-glass green-faced: Bressal Enechglas RC xxv 22.10 . Rawl. 117by . B. Ainechghlass, Cóir Anm. 201 . asbert fri Breasal nEineachlais, Lec. 380a7 = Leb. Cert. 194 . rí O nEnechlais, Top. Poems 74.13 = ar Uibh Inechruis, 90.5 (see note, and Leb. Cert. 195 - 6 n.g.). Cf. ...AVI INEQUAGLAS, JRSAI 1898, 57 .

¤nár of noble countenance, or noble repute: Enna enech-nár, Metr. Dinds. iv 182.12 . ri claind Iafeth enechnāir, LL 142a44 . Rawl. 76b20 . ó mac Cumaill einechnáir, Acall. 1417 . Caichni ros ícc Sinchell slán | co himthend co henech-nár, Metr. Dinds. iii 156.18 .

¤réid of gentle face, or of free generosity, lavish: ar ndol don úr enechréigh upon the death of the generous one Miscell. Celt. Soc. 330.3 (cf. ó ṡíol R. an réadhoinigh `generous seed of R.' TD 16.57 ).

II By a transition of meaning apparently connected with the tendency for feelings of shame or humiliation to be reflected in the countenance, enech comes to be used in the sense of honour, repute, good name . The `enech' of an individual might be damaged by unatoned insult or injury on the part of another, or by any act on his own part which was dishonouring to his status, or any failure to fulfil the duties of his rank. Such acts or lapses, when unatoned, left a stain upon his `enech' and thus damaged his status. The contexts in which enech occurs in this sense usually deal with acts which cause humiliation or degradation, or with compensation for such acts, and the word takes on slightly different shades of meaning according to the aspect in which `enech' is regarded. For convenience of reference the exx. given below are grouped as far as possible in accordance with these aspects. In some passages the literal meaning of the word is plainly recognised. In the Laws Text it is treated as pl.; elsewhere it is often sg., though at least some of the instances from early texts are doubtless due to transcribers: gen. einic, Corm. Y 685 . enig, 532 . FB 94 LU. dat. ainiuch, AU 1123 .

(a) honour, repute; dignity, status: ar na torthaiset isnaib sechtaib hi tuitet enech caich...a aér i [= a?] torgabail cen gell dia inchaib, gú-fiadnaisi [sic leg.] gú-test, ailsed nadma, elud rathaigis, dul tria aitiri im ni dichuat fuiri [cf. Laws i 58.1 ff .], cacc for a enech [cf. Corm. Y 685 . ZCP xv 342 § 33 ]. Cid dinigh di inchaibh neich inna .uíí. sa? nach sal aslenna ainech duine biit a tri oca diúnach .i. sleic ┐ usce ┐ anart. is edh is sleíc, fóisitiu in mídénmai fia[d] doínib ┐ in gell nád súifii friiu aitherach. in t-usci, ícc ne[i]ch atball tria mignimiu. anart, penait in midenmai rer [per?] lebor that they fall not in the seven things in which everyone's honour (or countenance) may fall, that is, to be satirized, to transgress without having a pledge on his behalf (or to be satirized for transgressing, etc.?), false witness, false testimony, careless bond-making, evasion of suretyship, breaking through his pledge...(?) [all these bring?] dirt on one's honour. What cleanses from one's honour (or countenance) these seven things? Any stain which soils a person's honour, etc. Laws iv 318.21 ff . Cf. MacNeill, MacNeill, Law of status § 100 ( PRIA xxxvi C 16 ). nā raibh on for inchaibh tuaithe, ACL iii 295 § 27 . on it inchuib, Laws i 232.3 . recht ┐ enech ┐ anim [sic leg.] do rig, enech ┐ anim [sic leg.] do cāch olcena...treidhe do rig .i...is recht a timarcain is enech do beth sochaide ┐ imcomet anma do insin for a king, rule and honour and life; for others (only) honour and life. Threefold for a king, i.e. his (power of) constraint (or castigation) is (his) rule, it is his honour to have a retinue, and that guards his life Laws i 230.11ff. Comm. Cf. recht .i. flatha. enech .i. feni .i. ocus filidh. ainim .i. eclasa .i. inas dír do eclais rule, i.e. of the lord; honour, i.e. oj the freeborn native, i.e. and the poet; life (soul ?), i.e. of the church, i.e. what is properly for the church 230.10 . dilsi n-ainech rig a king retains his honour ZCP xv 366 . conagaib ainech ┐ anmain damsa in fer muinteri rucad uam .i. mo chú upheld my honour and my life (i.e. by guarding his stock so that he was never shamed from lack of provender for his guests, and by guarding his own person) TBC-I¹ 534 . secht seoit airech...con-oat enech which maintain (his) honour (i.e. appertain to his status), Cóic Con. 45 § 72 . Cf. Laws i 134 . ní dlegar anim is enech i n-íc n-anma (the loss of) a life need not be requited by both honour and life Metr. Dinds. iv 110.43 . úaisle eineach inā anam, ZCP xiv 251.2 . béo duine d'éis a anma ┐ ní beo d'éis a oinigh [sic leg.] RC xxix 138.4 . Aen. 2203 . Here we may note the punning sentence: olc amser...i mbiat ile cenna, i mbiat uate enig when heads [i.e. severed ones] will be many and countenances [i.e. reputes] will be few LL 188a52 = RC xxvi 36.3 .

To each grade was assigned a certain rate of satisfaction for any act which if left uncompensated would taint the individual's honour and thus affect his standing and reputation. This compensation was proportioned to the nature of the act and the status of the individuals concerned, and based on the valuation termed lóg n-enech ( honour-price ) in the earlier law tracts (`honour-price was the valuation of the freeman's status'; `a valuation of the power and effect of his status at any given time,' MacNeill, l.c. 270 . Another term for honour-price was eneclann, q.v.): digaib do log eneach eireach it diminishes the honour-price of a chief Laws iv 56.26 . is dilis don cele log n-einech dib, ZCP xiv 391 § 59 = Laws ii 336.5 . log enech fuidre, ma[d] doerfuidir, can mittir ? a inchaib a flatha whence is the honour-price of an unfree settler estimated? from the status of his lord Laws v 516.13 ; 108.24 . fer cen selb...a inchuib a mnā direnar side he is rated according to the status of his wife 516.5 . ii 394.27 . log n-ainech cach fuidire acht doer-fuidir direnar as a leth-[th]othchus, v 518.14 . na gradha tuaithe...ailsed nadm[a], no rath, no eteris, no gūfiadnuisi, no gūfoirgiull, no gūbreithemnus, no gūmes, no guin indilsi, no forlosccadh...troethaidh a logh einech umpu, i 58.10 Comm. dia ndenut guin, no fell for corpuib no colluib, fingal no duinethaighe, no etech daime, no adaltrus do graduib ecuilsi tesbuidh a lan-log einech iumpud fo cetoir curu icuit ┐ curo pinnet na grada ecuilsi ┐ ro sothut na grada cetna cinmotha in t-espoc, Laws i 56.24 Comm. ciasingba in ben as a mamaib ni fairben log n-ainech indi fir `if the woman falls from her obedience, it does not subtract from the honour-price of her husband' v 516 z . sechtmad lōge enig cāich iarna míadh, Corm. Y 532 . lān-lōg einig cāigh fo miad, 531 . Cf. dalbach dina tobngar dire n-ainech, ACL iii 294 § 7 . congairim firiu hErinn. nus biathaim gu cenn dechmuidi. fosuidiur a ndana ┐ a ndibergai. forriuth a n-enech ┐ a n-inechgreso amin I help (them to maintain) their status and (to repel) attacks on their honour IT i 141.27 = 325.8 . ZCP iii 236.4 . dodechas o M.A. cuice do cuingidh na muice do chabair a einich M.A. sent to him for the pig to help (him to maintain by his hospitality) his honour Dinds. 112 = IT i 112 . Cf. cit. from TBC-I¹ 534 , above. fó daig na rotubaide fria enech lest his honour should be aspersed IT i 121.30 . dús in fugebmáis tesorcain ar n-enech fri Ingcél, orguin fón orguin dorat dún to see if we could get wherewith to guard our honour from I. (that is,) a reaving to set against the reaving he allowed to us BDD 48 (they had promised him a return reaving and their honour would have been damaged had the promise not been fulfilled). na haithber ar n-einech, a I. (he had reproached them with shrinking from the promised reaving) 80 (ainech YBL). is messi thall cach n-accobor collaide n-airi na beth milliud enech daitsiu and, IT i 128.25 . ni fil imlot n-enig daitso and, 128.28 (LU) = issat slán-sa dot enech, 128.6 (Eg.). guin in meic ro mill a enech `that smirched his honour' (by embracing his wife) Metr. Dinds. iv 110.32 . do dígail ar mná ┐ ar n-ainig ar na Manib, TBC-LL¹ 4572 . an ferann in ro sáraighedh C. a dílsiugad dó 'na enech as compensation for his (outraged) honour Metr. Dinds. iv 268 x . MR 132.4 . olc do inchaib Ulad...na tri eclaind do thutim dib ┐ nad tabrat digail fair, IT ii2 214.51 . bid olc dot inchaib-siu (not to avenge the slaying of his servant), Laws i 6 z . Ériu ix 46 § 8 . foipremm ina ndegaid ┐ marbam...is liach on, ol M., ┐ is meth n-einig duinn inni sin a blighting of our honour ZCP iv 39.13 . cáemain, a rí... | th'ainech, th'agaid, ocus tabair Ailech d'A. `guard ...thine honour and thy face, and give A. to A.' Metr. Dinds. iv 116.103 . not áirubsa, ol in cainte. ro íccus dom inchaib indiu. aírfatsa Ultu it chinta. ro iccus dia n-inchaib I shall satirize thee [for refusing a request]...I have paid on behalf of my honour to-day. I shall satirize Ulster for thy faults. I have paid on their behalf LL 121a42 - 44 . RC viii 48.25 ; 52.12 . do ænig a fir, 48 z . Cf. ni herfaider dom incaibse ón sibse imme (reply to a challenge) LU 21a18 = IT ii2 213.15 (cf. 210.1 ). ro íccus do chind m' enig indiu chena, LL 121a16 . tanic F. leo dar cend a enig, daig ba hussu lessium a thuttim do gaib gaile ┐ gascid...ná a thuttim de gaaib áire ┐ écnaig ┐ imdergtha, TBC-LL¹ 3022.1738 . berid enech carries off the honour of (by satire, etc.) humiliates, shames: nicon n-etus leo fer du thuidecht ar a chend. is mebul hinnso, ol O. bertar enech di sunn they could not get a man to oppose him, that is shameful, says O. it will cause loss of honour IT iii 239.132 . ni cóir enech cóicid do brith ar ái óenḟir do thesbaid díb, FB 94 . RC viii 48yz . But in a different sense: dosmbidc Cú C. a Delga connach cæmnacair anmanna de duine na chethir ronucad a ainech secha fades C.C. cast at them from Delgu so that no living thing, human or quadruped, was able to get past him unshamed (?) (i.e. without being overcome, but cf. II (b), first cit.) TBC-I¹ 1745 . It was especially harmful to one's honour to refuse a request or to fail in any of the obligations of a host; to show churlishness towards poets or minstrels: meni tuga biad im dorn | berat th'eneach, Laws v 64.22 Comm. conattecht R. in clettín ┐ nad tarddait C. in clettín dó...rádis R. nobérad ainech C., TBC-LL¹ 2068 . TBC-I¹. 1336 (enech). Otia ii 78 z (einech). Cf. O'Dav. 1527 . co mberdais enighe Erenn, Ériu v 116.50 .

do-gní e.¤ maintains (achieves, satisfies) honour, reputa- tion: ar ái óenḟir do thesbaid díb oc denam a n-enig, FB 94 ( = hoc diden a n-oinich, ZCP iv 175 ). ba fearr lais a bās ac denum a enig inās a ēlud fo mebail, Aen. 3117 . nā bīd ...dobrón fort, ar dogéntar th'ainech ┐ ní bía fo mélai (Agamemnon to Menelaus), TTr.² 551 . dia ndernad enech fíal-Ḟind when generous F.'s honour was achieved Metr. Dinds. iv 42.34 . cia enech mór dorigne ? indarbad na nGall...'s ár ar síl I., iii 200 . denu-sa mo eineach don chur-sa ma doronais mo mieineach roimi treat me honourably this time, even though thou didst treat me dishonourably before Anecd. ii 78.16 . In: asbert Agmemnón nírbó santach immon ríge...léor leis namá connerntá [ = connerta, LL 406bw ] enech na Tróianda , TTr.² 1236 , Stokes's emendation conderntá is probably right, though co n-érnta (ernaid) would also make sense. In either reading the context shows the meaning in general to be as he renders it, `that the honour-price of T. be exacted' (i.e. that they might be compelled to render satisfaction fitting to their status. Stokes compares einach .i. eneaclann, O'Cl. ).

tiagait dia tir ┐ a n-eneach leo go home with their honour secure (they had maintained their reputation) Ériu v 32 z . Cf. dobert ainech ris he saved (his) honour thereby (?) Metr. Dinds. iv 94.27 (the meaning seems to be that by reaching the spot with the stone he had given satisfaction for the crime; see p. 102 ib. ).

In adjuration: for fír th'ainich ┐ t'anma, a F., asndíth cia cruth... !, ZCP iv 43.32 . ar ghrádh th'einigh innis damh `for the love of thine honour, tell me' TD 3.43 . ar ghradh h'oinigh [sic leg.], Atlantis iv 220.33 .

aís enig people of degree, nobles: mo dímiad-sa fíad...ǽs enig, SCC 41 ( = LU 49a46 ).

(b) One's honour could be harmed by failure to fulfil a promise or a guarantee, especially a guarantee of protection. Such a lapse was equivalent to failure to protect and maintain one's `enech,' hence the transferred meaning

protection, security, guarantee: here most probably should come: mad fíu lib mo ainech-sa do breith less if you think fit that it have my protection Wb. 14a4 (the gloss is not a mere translation of ut ego eam, but supplements it by the reason for Paul's offer to accompany the collection). Similarly: ní imdidnibter ainech and no one's guarantee will be protected 15c25 (if ainech is pl. the MS. reading is correct). tucad enech Pirr friu fri[a n-] anacul, Aen. 49 . ri feallus for einech (.i. for a comuirce), Laws v 172.17 ; 168.11 ; 368.8 . MR 190.8 . (Saul has promised David his daughter if he slays Goliath:) ainige fris... | a meic Cis...! | rót biat limm anige in tslúaig | ...enech Ioseph uas cech du, | Moisi, Iacob is Iessu | henech...os cech dáil | uaisliu díb (sic leg.) Dia Abaráim pledges for it, son of Kish !...Thou shalt have from me the guarantees of the host...the guarantee of Joseph, etc. SR 5841 - 52 . nā sāraig... | Maísi, Ioséph, Iacób | nā bris báig n-airech no láech | no ainech na fer fírgáeth, 6030 . co tartar glinne ┐ enighe frinn im anacul ógh ar muinteri, TTr.² 1803 . in tan do-n-athmongar cuir tar einaige fer, Laws v 506.13 = tar enech ratha, O'Dav. 980 . Cf. ZCP xiii 23.7 = Bürgschaft 11 § 35 . Fergus... ro rir a einech ar chuirm F. who sold his honour (pledged to protect the sons of Uisnech) for ale IT i 81.7 . gai Táidhg rug C. lais chum na mbroc ar co tísdaís...amach ar enech Taidhg. tangadar na bruic chum C. ┐ do mharbh iat . dochóidh Tadhg iarsin do chaithem na fleidhe bai ag C. ┐ do ḟetir a enech do choll T.'s spear C. took with him to the badgers so that they should come out (relying) on T.'s protection. The badgers came to C. and he slew them. Afterwards T. went to eat C.'s feast, and he knew his protection had been violated Cóir Anm. 239 . can comarci acht eneach B. fein, Cog. 130.15 . ar bith ainig Ḟergusa ara tanac because thou hast come under the safeguard of F. TBC-LL¹ 1884 . conaitig C. cucu a n-eneach no a n-anmain (the fulfilment of) their guarantee or else their lives (i.e. that they should make the defaulters for whom they were pledged give satisfaction or else lose their own lives) BB 389b14 = Dinds. 78 (a n-enoch nó a n-anom). crech lasin nG....for araill do chenel E. baoi for comairce Uí Thaircheirt. rucc O Tairceirt forra... ┐ marbhthar é budh deisin ag cosnamh a einigh, AFM iii 174.10 . ii 1138.5 . vi 2208.1 . Hugh Roe 248.2 (f. 66a) . riar Maol Brighde iarsin hi ccol einicch Pádraicc satisfaction was given to M. for the violation of Patrick's protection (i.e. for invading the sanctuary of Ard Macha) AFM i 542 x . tre miorbailibh na naem isa heneach ro ṡaraigh whose protection they had violated iii 54.2 . térna imorro Ua M. do eineach Chianáin gan mharbhadh through C.'s protection ii 1016.14 . AU 1123 (ainiuch).

ar (for) inchaib under the protection of: nach ingen macdacht...nobid la hUlltai is for a inchuibseom nobitdis noco n-irailtis for feraib in his ward RC x 222.131 . a athair...sul lenus sé in chalann cuil | go mbé in t-anam ar th'ionchuib, O'Gr. Cat. 446.14 . ar fhaosamh nó ar ionchaibh ar Slánuightheóra, TSh. 2717 . a ndioghail an duinemarbhtha...ro imir sé ar na daoinibh...batar ar a ionchaibh ┐ ar a ḟosdadh under his protection and engaged for his service AFM vi 2148.1 . ar inchaib a enig, MR 248.9 . Cf. cid hē nobeith and...nangonaind-se [nomg—MS.] ar inchaib Ulad even if it were he (his own son) I would slay him in spite of (?) the Ulstermen Ériu i 118.19 . Cf. is ort as chóir a chumhal | d'agra...lucht faghla... | do losgadh mh'arbha ar th'ionchuibh GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 564 . For exx. of ar (for) i. after verb of motion, see II (c).

ar (for) enech , etc., id. (properly only after verb of motion): is commairgi dait immar thanac...ar einech... Fergusa, TBC-LL¹ 1854 . techt don anam ar h'oineach, YBL 401b8 = Dán Dé xxii 21 . cecib tan docuirethar neach uaidibh for ionchaibh aroile gurbo hiomairgidhe laisiomh dul for eineach Fhélim, Hugh Roe² 8.25 - 26 ( ff. 4b-5a ). gabh ar h'oineach mé, TD 30.26 . Here, probably: toet for m'ainech-sa, ZCP viii 311 w . Cf. in slúag-sa bar th'einech ┐ ar do chommairgi, TBC-LL¹ 6088 . ar th' eineach dhamh I dependent on thee GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 510 . mé ar h'eineach 'sar eineach nGall, Studies 1924, 243 . TD 30.25 . a milled ar t'inchaib ┐ ar t'einech `if they should be destroyed in spite of thy safeguard and thy honour' IT ii2 123.48 . Cf. dochōid for m'einech ┐ for m'anmain airec co A....co mbúaib my honour and life have been pledged ZCP iv 44.29 . d(i) inchaib by the guarantee of; by means of: co tísad slán d'inchaib a coraigechta-som ZCP iii 206.5 = LU 115b38 . forócrad do B. fácbáil in tigi de inchaib na n-atairi on the security of his guarantors FB 13 (cf. TBC-I¹ 1243 ). ro leicceadh ass...d'ionchaibh a chomairgedh, AFM ii 1072.14 . Cf. gan timdhibhe ferainn for M. gomadh fiadhnach lasna comairgibh a chion, ┐ co ffoccarthaoi slán é d'ionchaibh a chomairgedh, 1072.12 , where the sense may be different: till he should be proclaimed exempt from the protection, etc. (?), and : eirgg es... dem inchaib, RC xxv 346.14 . nod ber as dom inchaib-si, riasu ba marb-sa, ZCP i 105.24 (away from the jurisdiction, peace, of?). With fír: nod gaibim for fir mo enig ┐ mo ḟaesaim, BDD 162 .

fo e.¤ under the protection of: do Thorinis fot ainiuch Tours is under thy protection LL 367 marg. inf. = Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912, 25. 439 § 8 .

In some contexts equivalent to (c) mercy, clemency, quarter: dober einech don bharda, AU iii 522.2 = ALC ii 224.14 = maithemh n-anacail, AFM v 1334.13 (ann. 1516) . dia ttardta eineach ┐ maithemh n-anacail dóibh quarter and protection AFM vi 207.4 . techt for eineach Uí D. ┐ a óighriar do thabairt dó to cast himself upon O'D.'s mercy AFM vi 2136.8 . ticc D. disccir diairm...amach ar ionchaibh Meic Mic M. throwing himself on M.'s mercy v 1760.12 . go ttiocfadh for ionchaibh an Iustis `would surrender to the Lord Justice' vi 2300.12 . Cf. is truagh dúinn intí...do beith i n-áit édaingen ar inchaibh a escarad at the mercy of (?) his foes Expugn. Hib. 33 . mar atá airde na neamh ós cionn na talmhan atá a oineach comhmór sin don lucht ar a bhfuil a eagla, Psalms ciii 11 . ná bíodh ann duine do ṡínfeadh oineach chuige, cix 12 . Cf. loghadh (ón einech), IGT, Decl. p. 54.15 - 16 .

In: ro láithea for biastaib | la berga cen enech (`merciless ruffians') Fél., Prol. 42 the meaning seems rather good faith and the rendering faithless ruffians is more likely.

Honour was maintained by open-handedness, bountifulness, hence the sense (d) generosity, bounty, hospitality , cf. in ruidiud tic isin gruaid...is do sin is nomen nāire. fēile immorro ainm don einech bunaid, Corm. Y 983 : ainech coitchend cáich...cen diultad ri nech, LL 148b22 = KMMisc. 268 . ba mór einech in oclaigh sin...uair nír facaib ben cen a coibchi...gilla cen a dliged dingmala...fer cen a tuarustal ┐ nír gell i n-aidci riam ní nach comaillfed i lló, Acall. 4073 . cia díb siut is ferr einech...? is ferr einech in gilla, uair issé dobeir do chāch cach ní dogeib, 4623 . ZCP vii 304 § 12 . BColm. 98.24 . Cas clothach...cloth .i. enech. ar is é nech robo mó enech ┐ ba fearr im cach ní do iarfadh nech fair, Cóir Anm. 9 . ben robudh maith deirc ┐ oineach, AFM iii 414.1 . Acall. 222 . ar mbrath oinigh gach éinḟir, TD 10.40 . ZCP viii 109.13 . Here perhaps: roddet i nArd Macha...ainech aībhda ro mmac nDé delightful hospitality (?) Ériu viii 67.15 . an t-enech sotal soichlech | brondtach díghuind derloicctech (an attribute of the chief), Ériu iv 218.17 . ar mhéid a oinigh d'aoidheadhaibh, Keat. iii 1700 . ó oineach óir is eang generosity with gold and territory Ó Bruad. ii 152.10 . With do-gní: is romhór luach an enigh cidh cia do-ni, ZCP x 51.7 . an tré ghlóir dhíomhaoin doní G. an t-eineach mór úd?, Keat. iii 957 . With concrete sense: conid hé sin enech dedenach Guairi G.'s last act of bounty ZCP iii 218 § 37 = LU 117b18 . dontí do-ní an offráil nó an t-eineach so ar na marbhaibh, TSh. 5280 (cf. 4815 ). Phr.: tré dichell damhna lusa éigin dá faghail dúinni eneach cennach `for love or money' O'Gr. Cat. 120.5 . g s. as attrib.: sluag [sic leg.] an enigh the generous ZCP x 51.13 . With pref.: dobi se fíal degh-enigh, BCC § 136 . As compar.: ni tainicc riam duine ba degh-enich inās é more generous § 157 . ni raibe...duine ba doichlighi ┐ bú droch-enigh ina in G. sin more churlish or more niggardly § 138 .

étgud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. étgud or dil.ie/20828

Forms: netgutha, nedgudu, netguba

n u, o; m. (cf. 1 étach) covering, clothing, apparel, garment: slúag...na sacart...i n-étgud epud lineo, SR 6206 ( = i n-etghud efud lined, LB 129a4 ). in-étgodaib cilecda 6872 . etgud Ailella do gabail immi, TBC-LL¹ 2837 . BB 207a27 . ben a erriud ┐ a étgud de, TBC-LL¹ 4061 . timthacht ...d'etgud cacha datha, 3028 . bai da etgud imbi .i. fuan, etc. TBC-I¹ 2038 . tucait cucu...a n-étguda eter chorcair ┐ gorm ┐ dub, TBC-LL¹ 66 . rohir dam... .x. n-étgudu (netgutha, nedgudu, netguba MSS), Ériu ii 3.11 . as iad robdar édghadha dia ccorpaibh aineachtair, colbhadha cloich-sneachta acc réodh dá gach leth impa, AFM vi 1918.8 . ag cuingidh creice...a n-erradh...┐ a n-édghadh n-uasal, AFM vi 2010.3 . etir biathadh ┐ etghudh, Auraic. 169 . edghadh nocht clothing the naked Ó Héodhusa 229 y . eadghadh nocht, Mac Aingil 310.10 . míl étgudo louse (gl. peduculum) Enchir. Aug. 83b , ZCP vii 484.21 . búaid n-étgaid, búaid n-airm, RC xxix 211 § 3 . LL 47a6 . ni ro ansat... fri a n-édgadh nach fri a fforbhruta armour (?) AFM vi 2032.21 .

etir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. etir or dil.ie/20865

Forms: etir, eidir, itir, idir

adv (eter + pron. 3 s.n.) etir, Wb. 13c6 . Ml. 35c2 . 61b12 , etc. LB 49b26 . Metr. Dinds. iv 100.13 (: gletin). eidir: creididh, B IV 2, 92b . itir, Sg. 90a2 . LL 90b22 . 264a13 . idir: (ní) ḟidir, Tadhg Mór Ó Huiginn, A IV 3, 648 = Ir. Monthly 1920, 163 . In general, at all: gl. omnino Wb. 13c5 . Usually directly after the word it qualifies, but may be separated from it.

(a) in neg. clause:

(a) following a verb: arna bǽ etir, Wb. 25d26 . conách fil etir (gl. tulit de medio) 27a20 . conna ingabthe etir that he should not be reproved at all Ml. 32c19 . ní tormenatarsom etir a nditin 106d11 . amal na dernad etir in n-imchossaít, LU 8156 . nír rathaigsem etir ém, 8571 . amal na beth etir , FA 17 LU (ann itir LB). fer nos airimend co dāna...┐ fer nach airimend etir, PH 5327 . is cían dúni beith acot irnaidi...┐ niconbiam itir, TBC-LL¹ 992 . In: ni fritsa rodalusa itir, IT i 127.3 . narbo...oilen an crioch itir , Leb. Gab.(i) i 250.16 and: ní ar crich Ulad itám itir, LL 264a13 = MU 16.3 , the phr. following ní is qualified. ni romarbsat etir he acht rolaiset as a airechus ┐ ros indarpsat as in cathraig iarna sroigled, ┐ rucsat a indmas uad they did not actually slay him PH 1527 . na héligsiu, or Crom D., etir missi MU 22.15 . ní ro accobair immorro etir C. a héilniud, TTr.² 1855 (in these the advb. is merely separated from the verb by a parenthesis).

(b) following a noun or adj.: ní fitir olc n-etir intí bís isind encae, Ml. 24a19 . ním rabae soirad etir, 73c5 . air na comarleicthe hi fochaid etir, 32d5 . nín airmi ar bethaid etir, 82a8 . cen nach tairmesc n-etir, Hib. Min. 9.279 . ni biatsom fria togais adi etir Ml. 31a17 . cid fodera in muir do imtechtt duit? ní muir itir, acht mag, Fél.² xxxii 12 . nidat scéith etir,...acht na colomna cloch..., LL 264by = MU 20.20 . náchdat dee itir PH 1132 . cen labrad fri nech etir, IT i 208.15 = LU 3297 . ni ḟil diadacht itir andsom, PH 1766 . connach fail féith itir icá immulung, TBC-LL¹ 4386 . ní rogab nech iter do sil na mac aili, RC xxiv 198.18 = YBL 189a48 . cén cob do bocht etir dosberai a almsain, PH 6039 . bámar co teirt... cen labra etir, 525 . ropud fherr don duine sin cen a genemain etir, 5044 . ra gilla n-óc...gan ulcha itir, TBC-LL¹ 2860 . táinic...cen ethar idir, AFM i 418.1 . gan choróin eidir, Fl. Earls 62.21 . gan toidheacht don mhainisdeir idir, ZCP v 495.23 . nach do galar sainruthach etir atbath, BColm. 106.4 . asbert fris nemacallaim Ailella etir not to converse with A. at all Fianaig. 36.5 . In some of the above exx. etir may qualify the verb of the clause, and cf. ni chaitis biad isin tsapoit etir, PH 323 . ni cumme etir són, Wb. 19b18 . nicon choir etir laisim he does not hold it right at all Mon. Tall. § 15 . nir bo ail etir lais a blaisecht PH 517 .

(c) following pronom. prep. or advb.: onacon beth leu etir, Ml. 35c2 . nad facaib ní di etir, 102a20 . ni otalla obbad fair itir, Sg. 90a2 . ni hinann meass is coir for C. in tan-sa etir...┐ in tan boi isin Roim fecht eli, CCath. 758 . acc etir nay indeed, not at all: PH 495 . Acall. 6651 . ac idir, ML 108.3 .

(b) in questions: ced torbe doib eterscarad etir fria tola, Wb. 13c6 . cid do maith dúinniu itir tadhall in maighi-siu what good at all does it do us...? IT i 129.2 . cuich ata etir amal tu? who at all is like thee? PH 158 . cia so etir? who in the world is this? 4388 . dús in díriuch m'urchor no cinnas dibairgim etir how I cast at all TBC-LL¹ 1186 . coichi na eich sin etir whose are those horses at all? 1246 . in fail coma gaba-su itir?, 1762 . cia hainm-siu itir?, IT i 127.8 . cid risan-idnaidem-ni so iter? what on earth are we waiting for? TBC-LL¹ 4933 . cáid a fuarais in gilla eter?, Acall. 4630 . caiti aichne na hime dligthigh itir how is the lawful fence known at all? Laws iv 112.19 Comm. in fil mo cobair si ale etir...? is there any help for me at all? ZCP vii 306.17 . cid dia n-apar Ailech airdairc etir?, Metr. Dinds. iv 100.13 .

(c) in affirm. sentences;

(a) in general, in any case, at all ; after pron. or indef. subst.- soever, any... whatsoever: airmtis ní etir that they could be anything at all Ml. 79b11 . manud fil etir á foraithmet leu, 107d12 . co immimgabat .i. a ndénum etir ón, 114b8 . is bás do neoch etir a scarad o Dia to anyone whatever PH 7949 . mad ingabala a ecnairc etir, RC xv 487.29 . cumma lem etir | cen co tias il-Laighnib it does not matter to me at all ZCP viii 110.9 . ar tri fáthaib dochoid Ísu etir i ndíthrub that Jesus went at all PH 4748 . is eicen fadera do a cuingidh eder, RC xliii 16.8 (< BLism. 169b2 ). ar díb fáthaib rógab brón na hapstalu; in cetna fáth, ar brath in choimded etir, in fáth tanaise, uair robo dibsium fén fer in braith in the first place, that the Lord should be betrayed at all PH 5120 . cid ara n-erailend Isu foirn ernnaigti etir do dénum why does...enjoin on us to pray at all? 7848 . ce beth eiric oca itir, Laws iv 250.8 Comm. (contr. with: mana bé éiric oca, 250.5 ). fri cach itir, i 56.7 Comm. fri gach aon itir, 56.18 Comm. a fhior-cara d'fhoirithin ar eicin itir, MR 262.26 . a n-eccla somh for gach ein-tír idir AFM vi 2142.13 . bá méla...laissiumh a éimghedh idir 2330.15 .

(b) at any rate, certainly (?): atberdís...gurbhó tairrngertach idir é `that he was really the prophesied one.' AFM v 1860.4 . fuairsiumh idir indsin `obtained at once' vi 1932.19 . do tuismeadh uatha idir | ...naoimh is filidh is fíréin, Content. x 15 . Dia dot eadráin... | ar ghoin n-ainchridhigh gach fhir | 's ar mhoir n-ainbhthinigh idir, Studies 1921, 73 (possibly this belongs to a: every stormy sea). The meaning is doubtful also in: an cádhus do chleacht idir | ionnsa a dhul [leg. dul?] i ndimhigin, Studies 1923, 421 . ag fáithléghadh olc idir 1919, 256 . narbo coir na G. do léccadh as...coro marbhtha iad idir no go n-eiblidis a n-aenar do ghorta, AFM vi 2074.11 . gé dochuaid etar [mo lúth ┐ mo lámach, Acall. 4563 (this may belong to eter: both my vigour and my skill?).

(d) cid etir even...in general, even...at all: indail mo chossa ┐ ní namá, acht foilc cid etir mo chend (= sed et caput) PH 5257 . roairiltnig rath in spiruta nóib... cid riasíu nobaistide etir even before he was baptised at all 6110 . is fodaig na mna cid etir roferfaider-si failti frit that you get (even) a welcome at all ZCP v 501.31 . giodh thusa ider, a F. an cunga[n]chleas agat d'iomarcoig ormso ZCP x 294.18 (= cid tusa ann, TBC-LL¹ 3847 ). With neg.: gennti na rochretset cid itir, RC xii 426.18 .

1 fót

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fót or dil.ie/24133

Forms: fot, ḟoit, fóit, fotu, fót, fotaib, fóit, fōide, foite, -foitib, fotaibh, fódaibh, fát, fád, Fáid, fáidibh

n o, m. in later lang. decl. varies, see IGT, Decl. § 88 . n s. in fot , Ml. 37d14 . g s. ind ḟoit , LL 115a10 . n p. fóit, LU 9249 , 10466 . a p. fotu, 9848 . g p. inna fót , Ml. 126a15 . d p. fotaib, 84a5 . LU 10467 . In Mid. Ir. occas. with slender forms : d s. don chetfóit , LL 290b35 . n p. fōide, Corm. Y 1265 . foite, TBC-LL¹ p. 719n. 13 (St), foidi, p. 85 n. 16 (St), cf. d p. -foitib, CCath. 4103 beside fotaibh, 994 , fódaibh, 1749 . The variant fát (fád) is found in Early Mod. Irish ; fád (: atád), IGT, Decl. ex. 792 ; 1632 . g s. ... Fáid na bhFionn (: táid), TD 8.5 . d p. fáidibh (: láidir), IGT, Decl. ex. 1633 .

(a) a sod (of earth), a clod: gl. gleba Ml. 37d14 , 84a5 , 126a15 , caespes Sg. 66b6 . fod (gl. gleba) Ir. Gl. 119 . dobiur f.¤ dom thír fom chossaib, LU 1841 ( RC ix 494 ). foot (diss.), Anecd. i 63. 111 . corop cerchaill cach f.¤ feránach, LL 171b26 ( CRR 6 ). co ro sceindset na fóit a crūib na n-ech, LU 10466 = ZCP iii 260 § 87 . ina curtis na eich do cheppaib ┐ do chorrḟótaib, LL 110a8 ( RC xiv 416 ). ( co ndringitis for fodaib ┐ for lesaib do dechain Hectoir, LL 405a31 is perh. corrupt; TTr.2 in corresp. passage, TTr.² 1094 , has : for foradhaib ...). ro tócbuid tuir ... do cria[i]dh ┐ d'fódaibh, CCath. 1749 . fod do breith d'feronn na naomh, ZCP x 32.5 . fott for cloich, cloch for fot (of different kinds of dyke) Laws v 270.26 Comm. Of a grave : apraid rum cia f.¤ fo a fail, LL 209a ( Ériu vii 228 ). dorat fod furri (= buried her) BB 40b36 . guid fot fair i Ros na rig, YBL 181b23 = BB 260b42 (in SG 256 the text of the preceding passage is faulty). Cf. fon fot na hullta, Laws v 448.29 Comm. gach taeb ōg ar nach fuil fāt (: tād), ACL iii 2372 (`every young body yet unburied' Studies 1934, 300 ).

(b) a spot of earth (of a small and definite place) : tech mic ind Óc ... rígda f.¤ , Metr. Dinds. ii 10 . do cuingidh in foit bic i ndingnem cathraigh, Aen. 1579 . do rug leis e coruigi an fod ar ar fāgaibh ingen diūice L., ZCP vi 66.16 . ar ḟód ḟéagtha ḟátha `to a retired place to examine into his cause' ML 98.27 (= ML² 1341 ). cf. rucsat leo hé ar f.¤ scrután gaīsse fo leith, Acall. 6191 . ar fhód mhearaighthe `on the path of error' Dán Dé vi 4 . co ruc ... a mac ... for f.¤ raith réil `on a site of bright auspice, she brought forth a ... son' Ériu vii 223 ( LL 208by ). is eicen do neoch a thecht | cosin f.¤ forsa mbí a thiglecht, TBC-LL¹ 3666 . cai [ = co] fesur foat forsin m[b]ebai ┐ fout forau ngēnir ┐ fot forsa n-adnuic, ZCP ii 315.2 . tri fóid nach fétann aon-duine do shechna ... .i. fód a geine, fód a báis ┐ fód a adhnacail BNnÉ 236 § 159 = trí foide ..., BCC p. 102 . fot in gheine f.¤ in bháis ┐ bhót in adhnacuil, ACL ii 137.11 . ara fhōd bāis, ZCP x 32.8 . ni bi duine ar doman gan a ḟod urdalta ... oidhedha d'urmaisi, MR 268.22 .

(c) soil, land, territory: a ngaibes [fuidir] o flaith, ... etir fod ┐ indngnam, Ir. Recht 66 ( SM Facs. 3ax ). gabaid ... fot ... otá aniar Iordanén co hEofrait sair, LB 125a50 . as na fóidibh i bhfuileam, Top. Poems² 3 . d'ionnsuighidh ḟóid Eadáille, TD 24.28 . orláimh Ḟóid Mheadhbha, 21.34 . i bhfádaibh Néill, Hackett vi 8 . Cf. do righ Febhail na [bh]fót, Leb. Cert. 124.10 .

(d) idiomatic expressions : f.¤ crithaig : co nderrnadh f.¤ c. don uile doman `the whole world became "a sod of trembling"' CCath. 290 , cf. f.¤ crithach , 5644 . coccad mór ... co mboi Ere ina fód crithaigh, AFM ii 1078.11 . an fer las a ndernadh fód crithigh d'Erinn uile, 1182.2 . f.¤ cró a sod of gore, a scene of carnage: is f.¤ c. in tilach sa indiu lat, LU 10460 (= ZCP iii 260 ). f.¤ fábaill : land of bewilderment (?) tugsad ... na fód fhabhuill | fairche ... fhuinn L. | do dhruim thoitme a thighearna, O'R. Poems 1314 . See 1 fáball. f.¤ fírinne : ní fód fírinne air ar canuis, CF 419 Eg. (= ni ba fír sin, 924 Rawl.). f.¤ fáenlige : ga ḟurmiáil ri f.¤ foenlaige laid prostrate TBC-LL¹ 5714 = ri fáet foenlige, 5720 (see furmiáil). do bert a uillinn faoi fri fód fáoinlighe, he reclined at full length on the ground Hugh Roe 226.22 (f. 60b) . co rofāgbait ar fodaibh faonluige gan onōir adnaicti, ZCP xiv 239.2 . f.¤ mearbaill : fód mearbhaill a deceptive (treacherous) land Studies 1949, 185 . Cf. mod. fód mearbhail (seachrán) Hyde, Abhráin diadha ii 59 n . f.¤ fo leith a spot apart: rogairm [an ben] Cond lē ar f.¤ fo leith called C. aside Ériu iii 160 y . do cuaidh in t-iarla ar fód fo leth leis, ZCP vi 90.1 . téid i bhfód fá leith ria, Keat. ii 6350 . f.¤ for (fri h-) altóir `sod on altar,' land given to the church (probably from the symbolic custom of delivering a sod) : ro idbair in ri ... Tóim nEirc ... amal fót for altóir do Dia ┐ do Chíaran, LU 9596 ( ZCP iii 206 = RC xvii 190 . AFM i 262 ) ; do bhronn fearann don eaglais sin mar ḟód re haltóir, Keat. iii 2162 ). ar a dtugadar d'ḟearann ┐ d'ḟódaibh re haltóir dhóibh, Keat. i p. 4 . Of an offering in general : doratt Cúilfat (Cúil fata ?) hi fōt fri haltōir ... do Dia ┐ do Chiarán, RC xxvi 370.27 = ACL iii 226 .

mac fōit, O'Curry 2232 ( Eg. 88, f. 16d ). in a list of different classes of children, cf. mac muine.

(e) a lump, mass, heap: co tuargabar ina fotaib till it is piled up in heaps (of malt drying) Laws ii 240.21 ( ZCP xiv 348 , 350 ). bec nar merblig in sruth dib amal ḟót sengán like a swarm of ants Alex. 687 (= BB 494b16 ).

Common in compds. in poetry. With subst. f.¤-brug `sod-built stead' Metr. Dinds. i 4 . ¤ráth an earthen fort: gp. Metr. Dinds. iii 72.83 .

With adj. : fódarsaidh, TD 28.1 . ¤bán : féagain an mhúir ḟádbháin `with its shining sward' TD 11.1 . ¤boc : a n-eing fhádbhuig Olchobair ` soft-glebed ' O'Gr. Cat. 518.7 = Ó Bruad. iii 76 . don ḟádbhuig ḟinn (= Éirinn), Ériu viii 192.11 . ¤domain : a bhfeart fóddhoimhin deep under the sod Oss. iv 256.6 . ¤glan : ó Inis fodghloin ... Fail, MR 104.7 . ¤glas : fonn fodghlas, BB 13b56 . fosad-glenn fod-glas, MR 240.18 . Magh fádghlas Feimhin, IGT, Decl. ex. 1319 . ¤mín : Banbha ... an ḟuinn ḟóidmhín ` soft-sodded ' Content. xxx 26 . ¤núide : a ráith ... ḟódnúidhe TD 28.2 . -réid : an ḟuinn ḟóidréidh, TD 26.1 .

indeóin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. indeóin or dil.ie/28387
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: indeonach, indéin, indeoin, indine, indiune, indeoine, inneóni, indeona, inneoin, indiūin, indein, indeona, hindeón, indéin, indeóin

n f. (but g s. in indeonach , O'Curry 1961 (< H 4.22, p. 10 ).) n s. indéin, Sg. 110b1 . in indeoin , Laws iii 186.8 Comm. g s. indine .i. indiune, Cáin Ónae 44 . indeoine, YBL 419a15 . inneóni, LU 6395. indeona, LL 120a50 . d s. forsind inneoin , RC x 52.4 . for indiūin (indein, v.l.), Corm. Y p. 88.7 . n p. indeona, TBC-LL¹ 962. g p. a hindeón , Hail Brigit § 9. See IGT Decl. § 42.18 .

(a) an anvil: indéin gl. incus, Sg. 110b1 . cumme olsesim ┐ sengobi cona indeuin fora muin. Indeuin crábid ol sisi, Mon. Tall. 134.5 . fogur na ngoband oc tuarcain brotha forsind inneoin co n-ortaib, RC x 52.4 . mar bad land dergóir do brondór brúthi dar or n-inneóni, LU 6395. aithgabail goband ... gat im indeoin `the distraint of a smith ... a `gad'-tye on the anvil,' Laws ii 118.22 Comm. islán don tí imris in tórd for in indeoin, iii 186.7 Comm. cinta in íaraind o teinid co hindeoin `injuries done by the iron (in carrying it) from the fire to the anvil,' 190.2 Comm. tréde neimthigedar gobainn: bir Neithin, fulacht na Morrígna, inneóin in Dagda, Triads § 120. ar nach crích no ferand bái aice acht a uird ┐ a indeona ┐ a duirn ┐ a thendchore, TBC-LL¹ 962. Applied to the crown of a helmet because it receives blows ? : ar i.¤ cherdchomarthaig chirín cathbairr, MR 234.5 .

(b) the nether millstone: im ocht mbullu ara fognat muillond: topur ... liae, mol, indeoin ... `for the eight parts which constitute the mill ... the stone, the shaft, the supporting stone ...,' Laws i 124.18 . indeoin .i. ... in cloch iachtair, 140.18 Comm.

(c) used fig. of persons or places that support or sustain: `caide an inneōin threbtha ?' ol in mac ... `ben maith' ol Fīthel, ZCP viii 112.24 . indéin fri cach torbae `an anvil for every profitable thing,' Ériu iii 96 § 3. rap anad fa inneoin leo et rapo doss díten ... leo Conall, CRR § 36. Lia Con inneoin na n-aigead (of a very productive place), Hy Fiach. 254.z . an fisid foglama ┐ in indeoin forais (of Cicero), CCath. 4492. a inneoin fhothaidh na ferrdachta `firm anvil of manliness,' Stair Erc. 184. fo dháigh ná badh carracc cothaighthe ┐ ná budh inneoin fhorais do dhiberccach é (of an island), AFM v 1742.6 . fó daigh go madh inneoin fhosaighthi dia clannmaicne (of a castle), 1282.14 . Niall ... inneoin órdain ┐ oirechais an fhlaithemhnais, iv 750.5 . ceithri leoman do brās ... uas trī hinneōnaibh marmair uas a chēile `four lions of brass set on three marble anvils,' Fl. Earls 218.22 . rinn an réasúin arna raobadh ar inneóin na hurchóide `the anvil of iniquity,' TSh. 2903.

(d) some kind of cooking apparatus, a griddle, gridiron: (see description of indeóin in Daghdha, Trans. RIA xviii (III) 213 ). inneóin `a gridiron,' O'Don. Suppl. oc fuine ēisc for indiūin, Corm. Y p. 88.7 . do cuingidh indeoine ... comard fri fer intan ba adlaicc ┐ ni ba airddiu os tenid oldas dorn tan aili ... be iarn a domna, YBL 419a15 ff. cēin fonnuith[e]a fulacht lēo lē[i]m ┐ dolēim in gilla tarsin n-indiu (leg. n-indiuin), RC xxv 346 § 2. fulacht cacha chaille .i. in ni ar a ndentar fulacht isin caill .i. induin, Laws v 484.13 Comm.

Frequent in place-names. See Hog. Onom. cit n-é uisce ┐ ardae ┐ indbera do-riadhad ? Ní anse: Indein, Cult, Cuilten ..., BDD² 457. is and bátar Osraige i nIndiuin, LU 4470. otha Figh in Uird a nOrbraidhi co hIndeoin isna Deisib, RC xliii 68 § 68. Indeoin Maighi Feimin (=Mullaghnoney in Tipperary), Acall. 2600.

Compd. ¤traig a support: da clobuinne ... do iarann ... cona n-inneoin-traigthibh ... fothu `with their anvil feet under them,' CCath. 5274.

saeth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. saeth or dil.ie/35912

Forms: saoth, seth, saeth

n u m. trouble, hardship, distress, tribulation (both physical and mental); disease, illness: s.¤ (saoth, v.l.) .i. galar, O'Dav. 1471 . saoth .i. galar no easláinte; .i. pian; .i. sáothar, O'Cl. cen ascur sáitha `without remission of tribulation', Wb. 25d16 . issnib colnidib . . . ceste saithu who suffer tribulations, Cambr. 38b ( Thes. ii 247.19 ). téicht do Róim | mór saido, becc torbai `much labour', Thes. ii 296.4 . Dīa dím cech sáeth doringba (seth, saeth, v.ll.), Hy. vi 9 (.i. cech toirsi nó galar, gloss). ro cés mór sáeth (seth, v.l.) i lLethu, ii 35 (.i. saethair, T., soethar no galar, F.). ro damnatar sáethu, Fél. Prol. 32 ; quoted by O'Cl. (saoth) with gloss `piana'. sáeth sétaib `by ways of tribulations', Apr. 3 . arnách ruba(i) ar shóethaib that he slay him not on account of grievances, Críth G. 582 . beim fácaib feith fo s.¤ (i.e. injures a sinew), Laws iii 360.22 Comm . imain i cathaig saetha `driving (cattle) into a diseased cow-house', v 138.14 . ni bia doib s.¤ na galar, PH 6910 . fada a ghúbha re saoth searc `with aching love', ML 22.11 . brocach cech s.¤ , Ériu ix 47 § 20 . nathir ron gáel . . . | donrat fri s.¤ tria aslach, SR 1342 . niba dín [ar] sóethu, LB 258b62 . Críost liom fri gach saoth, Ériu iv 236.13 . ni airechdais s.¤ na pein, Ériu ii 142 § 154 . cuthach dobheir saoth ar slúaghaibh which brings suffering to multitudes, BNnÉ 147.y . ba fochann soeth (.i. ba hadbar galair), Leb. Gab.(i) i 272.18 . nach duine co n-ainimh no co ngalar . . . dicuiridh a shoethu dhe, Ériu ii 116 § 50 . ba mór saéth (of Colum Cille's austerities), BCC 440.12 = Keat. iii 1642 . diamad do shoeth no galar no dhighsed if he has died of disease or illness, Marco P. 51 .

As pred. with cop.: is s.¤ limm I am sorry, grieve: ro bói som i ngalar et ropo sáith libsi ón, Wb. 23d11 . i[s] sáeth rem' chride, LU 3574 ( SCC 29 ). ba mor soeth la hUltu inni sin, IT i 143.6 . rosáeth linni do bithsiu for uisciu, LU 6051 = TBC-I¹ 1579 . sāeth lim-sa an ainīarmairt | bīas dōib, ZCP viii 209.17 . is saoth . . . lind an gniomh donither, x 278.17 . can ni is s.¤ re nech dib, Laws ii 362.10 Comm . soeth leam nach e an cuingidh . . ., MR 286.16 . saoth lemsa Aodh . . . | anocht i gcrích comuidhig, O'Gr. Cat. 451.10 . saoth liom-sa é gan oighre, A. Ó Dálaigh lii 31 . With proleptic poss. pron.: ba már a saéth la Deichtire díth a daltai, IT i 138.12 (LU) = ba s.¤ mor la D. . . . a dalta do ecib, 27 (Eg.). is s.¤ dom: is sáeth . . . dam nách accim in gilla, LU 6116 ( om., TBC-I¹, see p. 61 n. 7 ). saoth don ghaisgedh . . . Domnoll (the death of) D. is a loss to chivalry, O'Gr. Cat. 444.13 . Cf. mo shaoth a chaomchorp i gcróchar, Keat. Poems 191 .

Compd. ¤galar: dosficed sár sáeth-galair `sore disease', Metr. Dinds. iii 428.32 .

1 suth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 suth or dil.ie/39339
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: soth, suith

n u m. (see GOI § 309 ). Occas. also soth (: loch, Metr. Dinds. iii 404.23 ). g s. suith, Fianaig. 4.3 . IGT Decl. § 72 .

(a) fruit, produce : etrud .i. etar-s.¤ .i. etar madin ┐ fescur. s.¤ .i. torad, O'Mulc. 470 . na sothe .i. ní dofhuisim terra `the products', Sg. 64a14 . as máthir a shotho feissin cach nóen chrann, 65a6 . cunar lans.¤ (gl. occidit in grandine uineas eorum) so that they gave not their full produce, Thes. i 5.14 (leg. cunarbu lánsuth, Thes. ii 415 ). is tre fhír flathemon cach s.¤ sóinmech, ZCP xi 83 § 29 . co ngeiltis a fhér ┐ a s.¤ co lár ┐ co lántalmuin, ZCP v 501.2 (= Thurn. Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 42.13 ). co na fil . . . s.¤ no torad im-muir na hi tir, PH 4239 . s.¤ nglē (cheville), ML² 146 . s.¤ na talmhan, DDána 74.13 . teas i sín, s.¤ i bhfoghmhar, 99.19 . ? hi teclamar torsuth 'in which produce is gathered' The Kingship and Landscape of Tara 134 § 25 (MS.).

(b) offspring, issue, progeny . Of human beings: s.¤ .i. clann, H 2.15A, 182 marg. inf. soth .i. beiriotas, O'Cl. úair ná tarmaltad a s.¤ , LU 4281 . dar cend trín a sotha sláin `in return for a third part of all their progeny', Metr. Dinds. iv 20.19 . is de asbertha na Fothaig friu .i. fotha-suith iat, ar isí cétchlann ruc Fuinche iat do Macnia `a foundation of offspring', Fianaig. 4.3 = tri Fothaid .i. tri fosuith .i. sotha maithi iad . . . .i. fotha sotha iad, BB 254b42 . cétgeine cacha sotha ┐ primgene cacha cloinde `of every issue', Dinds. 85 ( RC xvi 35 ). cuingidh a rīgh raith | go sídh is go s.¤ | rīgan fhēta fhial `for peace and offspring', KMMisc. 276.1 .

Of animals: amal donemat eoin a suthu `as birds protect their young', Ml. 39c22 . érsná súthaib `after the offsprings' gl. depost fetantes, Thes. i 5.33 . ri rosfaillsig . . . | fo lígdath fri didnad s.¤ | fri crínad, fri hurugud (of herbs) for the comfort of creatures, SR 7283 . luidset in soth co sír-blad | cosin loch dia lán-dídnad, Metr. Dinds. iii 404.23 (of pigs). robatar treoit caerach co ndath oir for a n-[o]laind ┐ for a sutaibh lambs, BB 413a14 . intan aipgiges a sotha ina bruinn, CCath. 4143 . s.¤ a chruidh ní théid na theach, IGT Decl. ex. 1559 .

(c) milk (mostly in glossaries): uth .i. ōn tṡ.¤ .i. ōn loimm asberar, Corm. Y 1283 . `glinne' sut[h] co sir-buaine, glossed .i. lacht, Metr. Gl. 3.19 . s.¤ .i. lacht, O'Curry 1488 ( H 3.18, 663 ). nemeth bó .i. nem-s.¤ .i. s.¤ lacht. ar is ō lacht atā nemtenc[h]us do cethra, ut dicitur . . . rocar . . . slēbe in s.¤ , O'Mulc. 830 e . s.¤ .i. lacht, Lec. Gl. 164 . teora ba blechta .i. ba fir a mbeith co s.¤ , Laws i 64.18 Comm . (in gloss on: teora ferba fira, 1 ). bud terc s.¤ na loilghech, ZCP x 50.8 . Note also (or to súg?): batar . . . sochaide . . . i ngallruib examla . . . do'n t-shúth nime ticed do'n draic sin, PH 2491 . o shúth nemi na nathrach, 2509 .

tabart(h)ach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tabart(h)ach or dil.ie/39368

Forms: tabartach

adj o, ā (1 tabairt) liberal, generous, bounteous : taburtach, grádmar gl. largus, amans, O'Gr. Cat. 238.24. Generally of persons : Fergal tabertach, MacCarthy 428.24 . Domnall dubartach tabartach, Anecd. ii 65. 2 v.l. fear tiodhlaictheach tabhartach, AFM iv 704.7 . cuingidh ...... tabharthach, Hy Maine 138.10 . ? ní bá rabhartaigh 'na tír | munba tabhartaigh a cháin, ZCP x 34.12 . glac thabhartach um cheann gcruidh `a generous hand in bestowing cattle,' TD 31.1 . Of land : magh treab tabartach toire tuathail, IT iii 88.16 . As subst. [ár] tabartach saer sluagach, SG 150.29 .

túathach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. túathach or dil.ie/42243

adj o, ā (1 túath)

(a) populous: rí cach thuir thuathaigh, dein, deirg, SR 145 . Temair tor tuathach tuatha maic Miled, LL 13b9 . adnaicthe slóg roMidi | ar lár in Broga túathaig, LU 2892 . suid[igud] ... | tige túathaic[h] Temra, ZCP viii 108.10 = Ériu v 234.34 . ? Daidhri Duiblindi deni tuathaigi, BB 298a22 .

(b) lordly: bennacht ūaim ar Tadhg tūathach, ZCP viii 221 § 46 . béimend Tūathail tūathaig techt, xi 109.15 . O ... triathach tuathach, BB 45a31 (cf. AFM i 100.5 ). cuingidh calma, creach-indsaightheach, tuathach `lordly,' Hy Maine 138.9 .

(c) As subst. o, m. lord, chief: tan rogab airichas ... | ba slán do tuatach tricha (: úathmar), SR 6656 (David). Aidbe tuathach Tíre, Fél. May 24 , cf. RC xxvii 92 . ? athgabail tuathaig tra airm hi tarrachar is and a forus, O'Curry 803 ( H 3.18, 372b ). ionann ... tuathach ┐ tighearna, Keat. i 214.x . Cf. do beirthear dá bhantuathaigh ar Bh. ┐ ar Dh. ... fá marbh an dá bhantuathaigh, 214.z , 216.4 ( witches ? See túathaid and LL 9b27 ). See bantúathach. ? Aonghus MacAilean (Tuathach, ` northern Highlander '), Mackinnon Cat. 256.35 .

In n. loc. (?): cetna fecht nir bo uathad | cath Maigi Tuathach trie, YBL 125a31 . Cf. fri mag nallain atuaid no tuathach .i. mag a fuilet tuatha imda, Fél.² clxxxii 1.

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