Search Results

Your search returned 13 result(s).

clochán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clochán or dil.ie/9555

Forms: clachán

n o, m. (cloch) Also clachán. paved road or causeway : a cumang sráiti [no chlochain], Laws iii 184.20 Comm. Distinguished from tóchar: da ba ar tocra, . . . da ba ar clocanaib `stepping-stones', v 94.12 Comm. eirg immach for c.¤ na Temrach ┐ notléic féin fair . . . ┐ abrat is tutim dorochar forsna clochaib, Three Hom. 24.19 . ia mór . . . co roacht an t-uiscce . . . co Clochán (leg. c.¤) Ulaidh na ttrí ccros, AFM ii 598.11 . an c.¤ o Garda an bainb co Ilaid Chilaid . . . do denam la Bresal, CS 264.20 . alaind in senud seṅg-thaeb, / cuiri cend-caem dar clochan, Metr. Dinds. iv 342.44 (`a paved walk leading from the church to the graveyard? a causeway across marshy ground surrounding the church?' n.) (= LL 28044 ). an c.¤ ó. crois epscop E. co hIrdom Chiaráin, AFM ii 898.z . rolínsat Gréic sráti ┐ c[h]lochána ┐ belata na cathrach, TTr.² 1872 . nocha n-imthigim clachān nā cloch (prob. read na ccloch, but line hypermetrical), ACL iii 233 § 6 . gáirtear (sic MS.) 'mad chois ar chl., Ir. Review 1912, 472 § 11 . Of a causeway from shore to island: rogluais ris anonn isin c.¤ aran inis, Ériu v 96.21 . Fig. hI Mochan . . . / fa ch.¤ d'éigsib Ereann, Hy Fiach. 228.6 .

coimge

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coimge or dil.ie/10201

Forms: coimde, comga, comda, comhda, coimdhe, coimhdhe, comhdha, comga, comhdha, coimdigh

n coimde, comga, comda (com + 1 aige? See also s. cuime) comhda coimdhe f., IGT Decl. § 3 . ? Cf. comaid (ón choimhde), § 10 . coimhdhe: oirbhe, Aithd. D. 1.18 . comhdha: toghla, 50.4 . comga: dolma, Gorm. March 14 . comhdha: forccla, BNnÉ 219.z . coimdigh, TTebe 4855 v.l.

Act of protecting, safeguarding; protection, safe keeping : Crist dia chomge dia chommorad, LL 27992 ( Metr. Dinds. iv 162.228 ). ni comga in cél ni coma / is domna der conduba, 26219 . in bratt condaig Fer Berna / acht ni trebrad ní c.¤ , 26190 . condechaid G. for comde F., ZCP xii 375.4 . is coimdhe do churchánaibh / snam ar gach sribaill ṡrianaigh, KMMisc. 313.26 . secht cloidme . . . / dom ch.¤ , 254.5 . ag ar gcoimhdhe, DDána 26.18 . labhair dar gcomhdha ar an gcrann, A. Ó Dálaigh xxii 9 . nír comga dáib a ndoicheall their churlishness was no protection to them, Ériu iv 118.4 . for a comdha `on his guard', Leb. Gab.(i) 226.9 (cf. coimét). na slóig a coimdi an cuiri , Hy Fiach. 264.7 . ro cuireadh esidhe . . . dia chomhdha go trétúrdha don tor, AFM vi 2258.w (cf. coimét).

Ref. to specific things providing protection, the protection so provided: bricht comga protective spell, TBC-I¹ 1889 . cnes cealtair comdha, ZCP xiii 175.6 . altram Néill im chomga cnes, Ériu iv 94.8 . eochair chomga cnis Hérend, 96.12 . a comgha cnis . . . .i. cathluirech, CCath. 5211 . cuaird comgi michíl (name of a hymn), Mon. Tall. 137.18 . cuairt comgi in aingil, Ériu xvi 31.18 ; 30 . cuirfeadsa coimhdhe conaire umad, ML 36.14 (a charm for a safe journey, see ML² 460 note ). is coimdi do'n tí nod geba ag dul for sed (a poem), Misc. Arch. Soc. 3.22 . ? nábad chomdi dó do banchéli a fitting wife, LU 10189 . coimhdhi bliadhna . . . ┐ éisteacht ris a year's safety through hearing it (a story), Dhá Sg. Art. 1820 .

With similar meaning in legal contexts, but exact technical application not always clear, see Plummer, Ériu ix 36 -9. comde ` guarding ', Laws i 266.11 . dlomtar fiadhain fridh coimde cirt coir, 268.9 . cach n-aithni co coimdi `security', ZCP xvii 58 § 73 . cach coimgi i lāim n-urrad, § 74 . feidli .i. fidh leo .i. la cethræ comge, O'Mulc. 500 . coimdi .i. comdedberus, O'Dav. 580 . is coimgi do boairechas dul a nairechas coisring, O'Curry 1851 ( 23 Q 6, 51 b ) = O'Curry 326 ( H 3.18, 180a ) = cumdich, O'Curry 1984 ( H 4.22, 21 ). coimde fuirre re aiseac uaithe, Laws iv 40.16 Comm. `perh. she is protected against having to restore it', Ériu ix 39 . coimgi an geilfine, Laws iv 40.7 Comm. `protection (or restraint)' (with regard to alienation of lands), Ériu ix 38 . c.¤ selba, expld. in Comm. as restraint on division of inherited property till a surviving relative also dies, O'Curry 400 ( H 3.18, 223a ). ceithre gona duine deithbire nad eillneit c.¤ laime, Laws iv 252.18 .i. . . . comoige no comhartaine, 21 Comm. ` external, material protection ', Ériu ix 37 (c.¤ bél ┐ tengad `ref. to protection in the law-courts as guarantor, security, compurgator, etc.'). c.¤ colla cetamus cach araile, O'Curry 383 ( H 3.18, 216b ). coimgi colla . . . ar na gona nach fer fine inaile, 2310 ( Eg. 88, 24 (25)a ). fearr freisneis coimhghe ara cholladh caonchoimhge, 377 ( H 3.18, 214 ). cuic coimhghi . . . a do ra fini ┐ aen re hanḟini ┐ a do eitir ḟini ┐ ainḟini: coimhghi colla ┐ coimhghi selbha re fini; coimhghi laimhi re hanḟini; coimghi bel ┐ tengadh itir fine ┐ anfine . . . coimhghi laimhi ┐ bel ┐ tengadh masa comesargain di dibh cnedaibh i nenḟeacht ra fear cach dibh ara cheili, O'D. 2388 - 9 ( Rawl. B 506, 48a ) = cumge, comge, O'Curry 384 ( H 3.18, 216b ). atait .u. corusa coimgi ann, coimgi c[olla], coimgi selba, coimgi laime, coimgi beil, coimgi tengann, O'Curry 2310 ( Eg. 88, 24(25)a ). tiugradh cach coimdi .i. in laingfitir, O'Curry 513 ( H 3.18, 259 ) `concr. of the hobble on cattle', Plummer MS. notes. manar sechnustar beith fo comgha a sét dó, O'D. 777 ( H 3.17, 557 ). nach cuimde nach gradh bis uaisle log ninech dagra etc., O'Curry 2704 ( Eg. 88, 60 (61)a ). na coimdi bes mo logh neich atgair fri hinbleogain gaibi co dublad, etc., O'Curry 2705 ( Eg. 88, 60(61)a ) = coimdedh, Laws ii 14.19 . is tre ḟīr flaitheman comrara c.¤ cethre caich torith, ZCP xi 93 § 27 . Cf. caca ceithri c.¤ comrera cona cealt cona neart, Ériu xvi 65.49 . conad gile greine c.¤ mora deine eisce, 66.60 .

See coimded.

coimse

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coimse or dil.ie/10281

Forms: comsae, cuimse

[io, iā] part. of con-midethar. Earlier comsae, cuimse (see GOI 49 ). suitable, fitting, appropriate, due : sāethor coimsi, ZCP vii 311 § 14 . ní buidhean chuiridh ch.¤ it is not a convenient company to invite, Ériu v 52.12 . ní cumha chuimse moderate, DDána 73.6 . ní foghar a cló c.¤ to describe her fitly is not possible, A. Ó Dálaigh xv 13 . ? foaitreib innsce focomar coimsi, Anecd. v 28.1 .

Predic.: condib cuimse less a meit `appropriate', Wb. 14a3 . amal rombo chuimse la dia do chách gl. secundum mensuram, 22a2 . ní cuimmse limm . . . mu mét sufficient, Trip.² 1770 . co mbo cuimsi dō a tess (a vat of water) neither too hot nor too cold, TBC-I¹ 725 . nir ch.¤ a cuma their grief knew no bounds, Metr. Dinds. iii 364.120 . at coimsi do cech duine `they fit any man' (garments), RC vi 183.7 . is nemchoimsi a mbídh do clainn aicci `he has a vast number of children', Maund. 162 . Note also: coimsi .i. com[b]air nó beg, ut est bé togairle . . . ar ma[d] coimsi tochus in fir lasa mbí, O'Dav. 537 . co cummair comse, LL 1987 .

As subst. suitable amount, adequacy : īar comso clūm ┐ cēol (: roghso), ZCP x 45 § 1 `sufficiency', Henry, Early Engl. and Celt. Lyric 58 , comsa .i. cuanlacht citing this passage, Ériu xiii 67 § 71 . nī comsi gand (chev.), Anecd. i 58 § 67 . gním cech cuiri fo chuimsi fittingly, Metr. Dinds. iii 110.7 . c.¤ nimhe is talmhan thú (: soillse), DDána 26.20 (in sense of coimsech? Notes). c.¤, tomhas, Eg. Gl. 153 . With CEN excessive(ly), immoderate(ly), abundant(ly): roscloi aciall cenchoimsi (: -thoirsi), SR 2111 . cenchoimsi ṅgle, 2151 . in caur cían cen ch.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iv 70.74 . a Iosa, a mhaith gan choimsi, Parrth. Anma 3860 .

Legal ` partnership, joint husbandry ', Críth G. (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 14 ): túal[a]ing co(i)mse, 96 . cach c.¤ a cuindrech, Laws iii 36.4 . fer meite c.¤ , iv 352.18 Comm. amus . . . na bi fear coimsi acht a corp gnima fadeisin man in partnership(?), O'Curry 2446 ( Eg. 88, 36 (37)c ). coru cach comsa, ZCP xiv 372 § 34 . ma beith cach comsa cen imamainsi . . . co soc[h]omsa, co soc[h]ubus. Stud. in E. Ir. Law 27 § 8 . dag dhuine dingartar o anmaim gradh no comsa (in glossary), O'Curry 476 ( H 3.18, 248 ). bá sí a chomsae a mboth samlaid ó samuin co béltaine this was the arrangement (between the two), LU 10943 . Perh. also in: ar gháol, ar chrodh, nó ar choimsi, Ériu ix 8.91 . a lucht coimsi ┐ coimhitechta, BNnÉ 222.28 v.l. reim iond áosa coimsi, Mon. Tall. 128.1 (leg. -ig?).

crenaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crenaid or dil.ie/12859

Forms: -crenaim, cren(a)i, c., -chren, crenas, creanus, crenar, -crenar, -chrenat, crenad, cren, criad, crenar, crie, -criae, -criä, -cria, -crither, nocretha, nu-da-criad, criäd, criad, -ciur, ceachrad, -ciūir, -giúir, ciúir, críth, creicc, crenamain

v Indic. pres. 1 s. -crenaim, Ériu xiii 28.26 . 2 s. cren(a)i, GOI 378 . 3 s. c.¤ , Laws v 40.24 Comm. -chren, Metr. Dinds. iii 312.115 . Rel. crenas, Wb. 29d23 . Críth G. 2 . creanus, Laws v 20.13 . Pass. crenar (rel.), Laws ii 360.1 . -crenar, Ériu xiii 25.32 . 3 p. -chrenat, Wb. 10b7 . Impf. 3 s. crenad, Metr. Dinds. i 26.181 . Ipv. 2 s. cren, Vita Br. 13 . 3 s. criad (with subj. stem), Tec. Corm. 1.41 . Pass. crenar, Laws iii 152.25 . Subj. pres. 2 s. crie, ZCP xiii 21.33 . -criae, Ériu i 199.2 . -criä, ZCP vii 498.8 . 3 s. -cria, Metr. Gl. D. 25 . Lec. Gl. 172 . O'Curry 2161 ( Eg. 88, 4(5)c ). Pass. -crither (-chreder, v.l.), Corp. Gen. 140.1 . Impf. 2 s. ? nocretha, Eg. 1782, 16b cited Contribb. 512 . 3 s. nu-da-criad, Laws v 392.2 . 394.2 . no criäd , Fing. R. 208 . ro criad , O'Curry 2161 ( Eg. 88, 4(5)c ). fut. 1 s. -ciur, Ériu xii 150 § 12 (TE). 3 s. cf. cíura, O'Cl. Condit. 3 s. ceachrad, Lec. Gl. 171 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. -ciūir, Thes. ii 332.3 . ? -giúir, Ériu xvi 65.26 . ? rod ciúir , LL 23742 . Later with general stem cren-.

Vn. críth, creicc, crenamain.

Buys, obtains (di from) later also sells, dispenses (see O'Brien, Celtica iv 101 ): fo besad fir trebuir crenas tíir diachlainnd, Wb. 29d23 . fer creanus tir, Laws v 20.13 . cren dímsa m' ingin, Vita Br. 13 . ? ro chren a berla cach ṁbrúit, LL 4424 . ní criae ní doib `buy not aught for them', Ériu i 199.2 . cach creanus a suiri dia dan, Laws v 14.28 = crechnais, O'Curry 162 ( H 3.18, 92 ). coruicce . . . boin nu-dacriad i.e. of equal value, Laws v 392.2 . Similarly: aen fer dia foirinn nama do crenfadh secht cumala (of a `fidchell'), Lism. L. p. 317. x . cid luaig no criäd, Fing. R. 208 `though he had to buy it at a price', n. Colum Cille crenad brait `who used to redeem captives', Metr. Dinds. i 26.181 . in ti no crenfadh fora comthrom do der[g]or cech ubull dib who should buy, Stair Erc. 251 . crean .i. ceannach, O'Cl. crenar, odhar, airlicther, Laws iii 152.27 Comm. ? rocrean gach sidh-cuiri samna / Cichmuine fear calma in cuain, Ériu x 78 § 22 . ram crensitar `(my sins) have sold me', Ir. Lit. 6.9 . ro chren fial-garta dispensed , LU 4277 . nocha crenob ríg n-Erinn fort-sa I shall not give up the king of I. for thee, IT i 127.13 ( TE 13 ) = -ririab, 30 (LU). a maith re cliaraib ro chrean he disposed of, LL 4368 . go gcreanfadh ré déirc . . . dissipate (of wealth), TSh. 10049 . do chreanfadh é féin ré tathfann eachtrann who should devote himself to, Keat. iii 3894 . Hence in Ó Bruad. c.¤expends (effort?) on, attempts: is mairg nár chrean re maitheas saoghalta / do cheangail `who hath failed to bind', Ó Bruad. ii 24.1 . creanaid cách re a chur i ndíon `which everybody laboured to defend', 278.6 . creanfad féin re cantain réada `I myself shall attempt to play something or other', iii 142.7 . is céim cruaidh re gcreanfainn [triall] `which I should undertake', iii 210.12 . Note also: ar ngrádh-ne . . . ná creanadh bhur gcruadhtan linn, Hackett² 1.6 .

cuire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cuire or dil.ie/13652

n io. Also ca-. troop, host, company; muster : cethern .i. coire aimite, Corm. Y 295 . c.¤ .i. umad, ut est cobodail .ix. c.¤ baiter, O'Dav. 479 . ? deis .i. ceile no cuiriu, 613 . c.¤ .i. buidhean, O'Cl. co Niad-Cuirp cuiriu, Corp. Gen. 25.17 . rop imdegail diar c.¤ (: huile) (of St. Bridget), Thes. ii 349.5 (Hy. v). seiss . . . / inna chuiriu grianamra (of Christ in Judgement), SR 8275 . mo churi robtar dathi, LU 1295 . fiad churib, Metr. Dinds. ii 24.79 . lín in chaire (: aire), TBC-LL² 2052 . is droṅg cech cuiri gūr gann, Four Songs 18 § 2 . is gerr a ch.¤ (of bad guarantor), Tec. Corm. 33.8 . creich na cuairt na c.¤ muster , BCC 372.26 . tūath c.¤ `ein Volk von Scharen', Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 20.w . iarna c.¤-som according to their number, RC x 64.19 . puible an fhialch.¤ sháoir, IGT Introd. § 93 (23.24) . na ttriochtaibh na ccuiribh na ccédaibh, Hugh Roe² 182.y . ar ch.¤ cóicir `against a troop of five', Tec. Corm. 8.5 .

In prov. expressions: c.¤ cen chend, Ériu ix 48 § 22 . nocar cenn gan chuiri, CCath. 5609 .

dattae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dattae or dil.ie/14760
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: datta, data, dathta

adj io-iā, datta, data, late MSS also dathta (daththa 23 N 15, 164. 13 , 18th century MS); rhymes with brecnata SR 3933 , dínerta, ib. 2831 , bratta, IT iii 68. 15 , curata, LL 394. 3 , saṁradhta, 23 N 15, 129. 8 , fata, MacCarthy 206. 5 ; LL 129 b 21 ; 157 a 9 . COMP. dattu, rhyming with maccu, LL 142 a 12 ; datta, Laws v 274. 21 .—dattae has the appearance of an adj. deriv. of 1 dath or of a past pc. of dathaid; but apparently the feeling of its connection with dath was early lost, as the marked divergence in meaning shows. For semantic development see Études Celt. xxxv 168 . Apart from the phrase `is dattae lim' (already Wb. 8 a 6 ), it mostly occurs in chevilles and stereotyped phrases, very often, as it seems, introduced to alliterate with a neighbouring noun in d-. It seems mainly a literary word, used by Mid.-Ir. writers in the vague sense of súairc and cáin, by which it is occasionally replaced even in comparatively old MSS (Rawl.).

I Orig. of a fine complexion; then fine, stately, beautiful; noble-, pleasant-looking: data .i. dathaṁail, O'Cl.

(a) of persons, both men and women: dosridnacht Dauid datta: i lámaib Ammonita, SR 6747 . Fithir is Dáríni datta: dí degingin Tuathail tall, LL 138 b 23 . is imda duine data: ┐ cuiri is ciallbrata, IT iii 68. 15 . MacCarthy 122. 12 , 21 . macaom gégach gormroscach:...data dédbán donnbratach, LL 396. 4 . ZCP viii 562. 16 . in toenóclach mórmenmach míleta...síthamail data díriuch, Cog. 170. 22 . ┐ trí chóicid in rand: rucsat fir datta Domnand, LL 127 a 31 . MacCarthy 148. 20 . lenabh...data, Ériu iv 116. 8 . dodíobhuidh don druing data: dfionḟuil an croinn curata, LL 394. 3 . a ṡlóg na nglond fata fír: co Ilín droṅg ṅdatta is deghríg, ib. 157 a 9 . na slúaigh daththa (sic), 23 N 15 p. 164. 13 . gérbo línmar lúthmar data deglámaigh in lucht marbta robai ina ndiadh siuṁ, CCath. 5762 (` nimble ,' Stokes; but there is no support for this meaning, cf. b).

(b) of a fine horse: doléigsiod graifne data donnluatha iona dhíaidh, CRR 74. 6 . From this and similar passages ( CCath. 5762 ) a meaning ` swift, nimble ' has been wrongly concluded; O'R. gives data .i. luath from `old voc. and glosses upon the laws.'

(c) of shape or figure in general: luchair cúiciur...: datta a ndelb dúr a ndebech (sic leg.) LL 34 a 28 (v.l. súairc a ndelb, Rawl. v. Ériu iv 100. 6 ).

(d) of a beautiful handle : dá drol datta derscaigthe dergóir, BB 242 a 24 (descr. of the Ark). of a place or homestead : Fir Domnand...gabsat Irrus datta Domnand, LL 127 a 31 . MacCarthy 148. 16 . fuinn míne na maigh (sic) ndathta, 23 N 15 p. 157. 9 (17th century). i naimsir datta Dúid, LL 144 a 4 (in verse). Cormac cethri deich datta (v.l. data): roḟeith in laech láṁḟata, MacCarthy 206. 5 . robo dhata a náireṁ uili: gach sáirḟer don chuiridh chaeṁ, BB 52 b 22 . Mulling...data nobith ar bith bras: is aca fríth an teolas, Anecd. ii 36 § 20 . — Laws iv 94. 17 as an etymol. gloss on lomdata: .i. gurub data hé (i.e. grán) ┐ hé lom.

II In chevilles (mostly in alliterative poetry): ba dlúim degóir dramm datta, SR 2831 . loscainn riasca réim ndata cuili biasta brecnata, ib. 3933 . ingen Mane Milscoith... datta a lí, LL 137 b 37 . oenbhliadhain déc datta in bladh: iar ndílind .ccc. ṁbliadhan, ib. 127 a 9 . MacCarthy 144. 5 . atbath Oilderg data in daigh: la hOllomain i Temraig, BB 46 b 12 . trí bliadna déc datta in barr: nír bo ḟota do Chrimthand, MacCarthy 210. 5 (LL). ór ḟég Noe...in tír lántorthech: do cech tháib cid bad dattu roḟóid a trí mormaccu, LL 142 a 12 . data mblad, Hy Fiach. 254. 15 .

III is dattae lim:

(a) it pleases me, I like, appreciate: verbum enim crucis pereuntibus quidem stultitia est .i. ní date leu in coimdiu do chrochad ┐ is burbe it does not please them Wb. 8 a 6 . cib tan docarathar damsa ní bus data lium, Laws v 274. 21 . nii pu data (v.l. cáin LB) leo iarum a lécud chucu ar ba fae leo ní bu én comadas inna néill they did not wish to admit him Corm. Bodl. 32. 22 s.v. prull.

(b) amail robo dattae lim as I wished, to my own satisfaction. iar nimchossáit Conaill Cernaig dó (sc. do Bricrinn) iarom amail robo data lais dolléic im budin Conculaind after having to his satisfaction incited C. C. FB § 10 . ó thairnic lais an iomṡuidhe do dhrud...frisin dúnaidh i mbaoi Ó Conchobhair aṁail roba data lais, AFM iv 2124. 11 . celeabhrais dó...iar ndénoṁ a thoscca aṁail roba data lais he took leave of him after he had completed his business to his satisfaction Hugh Roe 52. 17 .—Cf. also AFM v 1576. 3 : ní ro failligheadh la hua Néill anní sin go riacht gusan líon slóigh roba data lais...go ro iadhsat imon teghdhais, &c., he proceeded with the number of forces he thought sufficient.—COMP. niam-dattae, BB 127 b 34 . LL 385 b , c .—Obs.

fo-cuir, fo-cuirethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-cuir, fo-cuirethar or dil.ie/22550

Forms: fos-ceird, fochuriub, focuirter

v (cuir-) seems used in most cases for do-cuirethar or fo-ceird. Throws, casts; puts; sends (= fo-ceird): fos-cuiri suas for tīr in slig, TBFr. 18 Eg. ( ZCP iv 40.27 ; = fos-ceird LL). fut. fochuriub uaim saigit snéid, SR 6121 . pass. pres. crand cuilind focuirter ind | a Loch nEchach, ZCP v 23 § 4 . felmae ... is fāl fedae focorthar ind, O'Mulc. 511 . Impers. constr. ? focuirethar i n-artbe cumma ┐ i n-armgrith uile, TBC-LL¹ 692 (cf. fo-ceird, II). fochuridar a úma don chlettin forsin sruth falls into the stream 2073 . Sends: fochorset techta uaidibh co Priaim BB 426a23 . f.¤ cuaird makes a circuit, visits: fochuir luathchuaird in trichait cét, TBC-LL¹ 1008 . f.¤ ár wreaks slaughter: nomaided reimi ┐ focuiredh āra mōra ann, BB 428b27 . ? focuirim firt faitsine | la faedh fesa findecsi `I apply a miracle' Dinds. 21 = BB 362b42 . Invites, summons (= do-cuirethar): co focuirthe ... dochum na bannsi sin na huile dee, LL 401a3 (corresp. to: ratinólta, TTr. 871 ( LL 229a7 ).

foirid, fóirid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. foirid, fóirid or dil.ie/22973

v (apparently a contamination of the prototonic stem of fo-reith with that of *do-foirid, see O'Brien, Ériu xi 159 ).

(a) helps, succours, heals: with acc. of pers. (or thing), often folld. by AR, O or AS of danger, etc. intí ra ḟóir é TBC-LL¹ 2969 . sóer ┐ foir me !, RC vii 360 (= Maund. 57 ). fóireadh mé máthair an Dúilimh !, Dán Dé x 2 . crodh críche tar ceann a anma ... ní fhóirfe neach, xxxi 18 . iss mor do ghalur ┐ dia fessmais indni not fóirfed ..., IT i 122.21 . an fear ḟóirfeas Éirinn, TD 1.40 . do ḟóireamar ... ṡibh, Content. xviii 165 . mina fhoirther co luath, airgfider ... in cathair, Aen. 3114 . ar imad óc ... nís-fórfed nech, Metr. Dinds. ii 40 (v.l. foirred, foirgfeth, foirccedh). tobur ... tren d'foir iad ar ítoigh, BB 21a13 . ar phéin do ḟóiris na huile, IGT III ex. 7 . minic do fhóir sinn ó bhaoghal | an lamhsin, Duan. F. ii 390 . do fhóir sinn ó ghāphadh, 396 . gur fóireadh leo ó bhruid na Muimhneach Cúigeadh Laighean, Keat. ii 4808 . do fóiredh an tegh ona losccudh BNnÉ 120 § 50 . fóiridh [an ola] íatt on[a] gallruib, Maund. 112 . gach ben ... caithes ní di, foiridh a cedoir hí, BCC § 51 . go ffoirfeadh sinne as gach amhgar, Duan. F. ii 398 . cuiridh i bpríosún ... iad, ┐ fóiridh as arís iad, TSh. 4470 . Intrans. with DO (AR< FOR) of pers. : ro thocbus in sciath suas ... ┐ nír ḟoir sin ní damsa did not avail me one whit Acall. 6799 . rofoirset na dei dó, CCath. 2368 (ro foirseat ... é v.l.). a thigerna ... foir orum !, ZCP vi 286.22 . tú ḟóirfeas ar ḟiadh mBanbha | ó mhóircheas, TD 21.18 . go bhfóirfeadh Dia ar gach nduine, Dán Dé xxi 5 . Absol. : feodaigid in tene in crand ... nucun foirend óícin and the ocean is of no avail LL 150a22 . Impers. (?) constr. : is amlaid so ... rofoired a hecin na heclaise, PH 371 (leg. a hécen ?).

(b) relieves, remedies, averts (a disease, danger, etc.) : focra fores cach n-écell, O'Dav. 1000 . dā delidin ... foirit ecommuaim, Auraic. 2170 . fóirid a búadha ... fúacht iss íta, Anecd. i 35 . do fhóir soin ar snaidhm `relieved our strait' PBocht 5 § 2 . fóir gach ní as cás ar do chloinn, Dán Dé ix 22 . as dual go foirfe si gach uili esláinte, BCC § 51 . foiridh a domblas aei gach neim is an antidote to all poisons Marco P. 107 . foirid in tsiroip sin gach uile nescoid, Rosa Angl. 222.3 . na toicthigh ... nach fóireann riachtanas na mbocht, TSh. 7155 . Absol. : ni fhóir luibh na liaigh, Dánta Gr. 90. 16 . cuiri é ... mar cerin ríu, ┐ foiridh, Rosa Angl. 206.11 .

See fóirithin.

2 imm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 imm or dil.ie/27636

Forms: imm[e]cal

used as an intensive prefix. Rare in O. Ir. Becomes very common in Early Mod. Ir. Sometimes appears to add little or nothing to the meaning of the word. It is used with (a) adjectives, (b) nouns, and (c) verbs.

(a) With adjectives: ¤acher very keen: imscoich ┐ imacher a gnímrad in gillai `very cutting and very keen were the deeds of the lad,' Ériu iv 30.1 . ¤adbal very huge, very vast; very great: as mé Concopur ... for loch Eachach iomadhbhal, TFrag. 98.4 . ar fut Hérenn imaidble, Metr. Dinds. iv 26.14 . aitcesair eill imadhbail, KZ xxxiii 82.36 . for esrassaib imáidble in díthrib, LB 129a47 . As a personal epithet: rop hí in chóiced ben bladmar | Etar étrocht imadbal `Etar the splendid and stately,' Metr. Dinds. iii 112.44 . mór do algib imaidbli ┐ do trenḟeraib tréna `many huge heroes,' TTr. 1137. ¤aebda very beautiful: for arddaib imaebda na hAthaine, TTr. 1147. ¤aesta very aged: ar ráthuibh iomaosta Erenn, MS. Mat. 579.16 . ¤aicbéil very dreadful: alad uroslaicthi imaicbeil `gaping awful wound,' MR 300.3 . ¤aimréid very rough: carracbenna sliaph n-urard n-imaimreidh, CCath. 3804. ¤airdirc very conspicuous, very visible: cathir imairdirc imthend (of Tara), LL 28b16 . ¤álainn very beautiful: Brian mac Echach imáloinn, SG 332.23 . assai immálli, TTr. 1039. ¤amnas very fierce, very harsh: rechmi cath n-imrind n-imda n-imamnas, LU 3423 (rhetoric). dorinnsid gnim n-imamnas, SR 3616. in beist imamnas, 1130 . hóglaochrad imamnus, Anecd. ii 72.18 . bir chruaid fir imamnuis, Anecd. ii 66.16 . batar airrechtaig imámnais a n-airrig, Alex. 636. As subst. it he in so ceithre immamnas imdegla ┐ dirig ratha, Bürgschaft 25 § 68. ¤ard very high: slíab Lecga ... cid imard ní himdorcha, Metr. Dinds. iii 110.20 . rahimthescad andsain fidbad immard imremur, TTr. 126. corrbrōga imarda imthechta, ZCP xiii 168.11 . gus in aitheach nán niomard, Duan. F. i 41.15 . As subst. co himard an flaithis, De Contemptu 160 § 80 n. z . ¤arsaid very old: Ericto aingidh imarsaidh, CCath. 4314. in mucc úathmar immarsaid `the loathly long-lived pig,' Metr. Dinds. iii 158.8 . ¤athlam very dexterous, very nimble: ilar nathrach n-imathlam, SR 896. dorigni firt n-imathlam, 5354 . atá sund Carn uí Chathbath | fors' rimred arm imathlam `against whom a nimble weapon was wielded,' Metr. Dinds. iv 30.2 . Adv.: túargab a lam co immathlam darís, TBC-LL¹ 1998. tarraid C. cruadlann a claidim co himathlam `expertly,' MR 300.22 . ¤chaín very lovely: do luidh ... Fergus fó chonghraim imchain, O'Curry 1307 (< H 3.18, p. 603a ). drumslaitt na heclisi imchaine, LB 121a2 . ¤choimse very convenient ?, closely fitting ?: ro gabh a corrc[h]athbarr ... cona remartinnib imcoimsib dib remartinnib imcoimsib, CCath. 4696. cuarsciath cona sciathrach imcoimsi, 5313 . ¤chrúaid very hard, difficult: madh áil daibh eolus imchruaidh, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 66.13 . ¤dána very bold, intrepid: caeca brat, is breath chána | do righ Ailigh imdhána, Leb. Cert. 124.8 . ¤dánach very gifted ?: la sluag n-imdanach angel `with a gifted (?) host of angels,' ACC 172.14 . ¤dlúith very close, very compact, very firm: ro gab dá asan imdluithi iarainn, CCath. 4667. lúrech imdlúith umaide, TTr. 1855. (liburni) cosna seolchrannaib imdlúithi imremra anfólli uasaib, 1410 . ¤doilig, ¤duilig very difficult; placed in a very difficult position: cid hí ind ascid imduilig `though that is the hard request,' Metr. Dinds. iii 340.48 . Adv. atusa co hiomdoiligh uime sin, TBC-LL¹ p. 163 n. 8 . ¤domain very deep: ra gabastar a ḟuathbróic n-imdangin n-imdomain n-iarnaide, TBC-LL¹ 3729. co ndernai ocian imdomain ... don conair for a n-imthigthis na catha, CCath. 2639. an cholann do chor i n-uaimh iomdhomhain, TSh. 1108. As subst. utmost depth: atconncadur na tri fiaich a fudomain (himdhomain v.l.) in mara, Acall. 7058 v.l. fo indtamail [na] curach gnáthaigther ... imdoimnibh srotha Níl, CCath. 2381. ar aillib ┐ ar im-doimnib an aigēin, ML² 701. ó 'dchonncadar an ród réidh | tre iomdhomhain an aigéin, DDána 74 § 3. rosuiged ┐ rosluiged a rosc ... in n-imdomain a cind, TTebe 201 . i n-iomdhomhain ifrinn, TSh. 928. ¤dochar. As subst. a very rough place: rocoraiged ar forbaib ┐ ar ferannaib iat ... ar imdocraib imfuara ┐ ar cairgib cenngarba, Ériu viii 8.11 . ¤dorcha very dark: rosgab gráin ... frisin tech n-óbéla n-oslacthi n-imdorcha, MacCongl. 15.6 . tír ... ainmin accarb imdorcha, CCath. 3803. inn uam[h]annaip imdorcaibh ṡlebhe Peil, 5632 . retlanda ... inna haidchi imdorcha, TTebe 26 7. ? To this: nī rubai Cuchulaind nech itir na Sailiu Imdoirchi (imdorthi, v.l. LU) i crich Conailli, TBC-I¹ 858. As subst. a dark place: do chuadar lena gcreachaib a ndiamraibh ocus a nimmdhorchaib dá nimchumdach, ALC ii 244.4 . ¤dub very dark, entirely black: costecht ... slúagad n-ímdub, TBC-LL¹ 202. ar biastaib ilardaib | imdubaib imthennaib | ticed domm imdegail, LU 1173. Metaph. very malignant: iodhna beoil, gan aoir niomdhuibh | iodhna fhoghlama gan ghes, MS. Mat. 576.11 . ¤ecal greatly afraid, very fearful: imm[e]cal gl. pauidus, Ml. 58b7 . ba himecail (himecal, v.l. LU) imorro int ara colléic, TBC-I¹ 635. gerva himegoil lais na tairnge as mo ro-vamnaigh tvitim isin loch, Aisl. Tond. 100 § 2. bátir immecal-som (imeaglaigh-sium, imeclai-sium, v.ll.) oc aicsin ind ní-sin, RC ix 480.6 . rop imecul in trét, PH 6723. ba himeccal laissiumh aittreabh ettorra, BNnÉ 87.6 . ba himecul leo a mbiad fen do thinad uadib, LB 157a27 .

¤eclach

(a) very fearful, very timorous: na bid uamnaig imeclaig, SR 4830. a beith meta ocus a beit[h] immecclac[h] `cowardly and timorous,' CCath. 4447. con[a] puplaibh imeclach[a] `to the terrified peoples,' 365 . batar imeclaigh iar n-aicsin an neich adcondcatar, RC i 466.13 . go bhfuilid na fir chogaidh imeaglach, Jeremiah li 32. guth imeclach eccruaidh `a frightened feeble voice,' Stair Erc. 383. Adv. ro imthigh roime co himeclach, ib. 1915 . roerig Ethiocles co haduathmar aindsclech imeclach, TTebe 640 .

(b) causing fear, terrible: tárfás fís imeclach, uathfásach dó, CCath. 1453. Adv. atreachtatar íarum lucht na cathrach co húathmar ┐ co himeclach, TTr.² 1871.

¤éscaid very quick, very alert: rucatar sidhi arnaid athlum imēsgaid, Fianaig. 88.12 . Adv. luidh go hathlamh imésccaidh, AFM v 1314. 15 . ¤eslán very unwell: do bói ... imeslán a haithle na scethrach, Acall. 7175. ¤étromm very light (lit. and metaph.): gebid in rí a ḟiallgud n-imétrom n-imthechta immi, TBC-LL¹ 966. rogab sciamh-luirig nimetruim, CCath. 4680. roráidhis, a Eorann oll | aithesg álainn iméttrom, BS § 32 . Adv. ro lenait e ... co imetrum, Cog. 190.4 . ¤ḟann very weak: ní léim nimḟann, Fél. Dec. 31. As subst. a very weak person: is e noshoerad na bochtu ┐ na hamhfhanna o cumhachtaibh an tsaeguil, Lism. L. 4890. ¤ḟartail very mighty ?: tucsad cend Dornmáir dhaltaidh | is Innasclaind imḟartail `they brought the head ... of imperious Indascland,' Metr. Dinds. iv 300.x . ¤(ḟ)ocus, ¤acus very near, very close, neighbouring: nipu immaccus in taidrius `not very near was the return,' Wb. 18d5 . is imḟocus etruinn cen[i] iman-aci duind, IT ii2 190.2 . fidbuid āluinn imfoccus impe do cach leith, Ériu i 39 § 3. it immaicsi na fuli dobertatar ḟort, TBC-LL¹ 4349. immaicse (iomḟoigse, v.l.) taithlig `ever ready for an excuse,' Tec. Corm. § 16.24 . ? cletha im[m]aicsi cen sēna, ZCP viii 195 § 9. Tond Tuaige Tond Rudraighe | nídat imfoiccsi a n-airde, Anecd. ii 24 § 16. oc na righuibh imfhoicsi `at the neighbouring kings,' Marco P. § 178. ro athchuirset da urchur imfhoiccsi fhir-dhirge eturru, MR 254.16 . Compar. da roiset ann anmcharait | bat imḟoicsi do Dia, Acall. 2616. As subst. nearness, neighbourhood: in fuil uisci a n-imfogus duin, Acall. 1547. is annsin atconncadur férbrug gabala ind imoccus dóib, 4179 . luidh co teach bai i nimfogus na cathrach, Ériu v 122.53 . ro bo cinti crīch i mbethaid i n-imḟogus dóib, Fianaig. 92 § 38. ¤gairit very short: delan ... ┐ ráe imgairit as `a very short rope (?) out of it,' CCath. 4100. ¤gann very confined, very spare: i nIffurn huathmar imgann, SR 934 . i ṅglinn Iosophath imgann, 2006 . bai in bangleo nar' imgann, 3078 . Galión fir na n-orb n-imgand, LL 7a51 . cath Gabra ... ollgus imgand, mebaid ria Fergus `a rare achievement,' Arch. Hib. ii 60 § 18 ( LL 182b41 ). int húath imgann `the lean spectre,' Ériu iv 102.1 . Adv. lá d'Ossín ... inna chumriuch co himgand `in rigid bondage,' Metr. Dinds. iii 248.82 . As subst. nírb é in t-imgand ar ernmass `he was no shirker in the mêlée,' Metr. Dinds. iii 244.34 . ¤garb very rough: slabraidh imgarba iarnaidhe, CCath. 2658. As subst. druimní suithe ... atat da ernail furre .i. imgharbh ┐ anaichnídh, is é so in timgharbh (of metres), IT iii 96.2 . ¤garg very fierce: rochrochad ... do lāmaib Eigius imgairg, Ériu iii 194 § 4. mac Eris uallaich imgairg, BB 229b51 . ¤gel very white, very fair: cach conair dolluid in ben | moslúi in t-usce úar imgel `the cold white water followed,' Metr. Dinds. iii 30.70 . genair o Echtaig imgil, LL 28b50 . mac sin Cainche imghile, Duan. F. i 92.z . ¤gér very sharp, very keen: (scíath) cona bil áithgéir ailtnidi imgéir, LU 6431. manaois mhór ... uilleannach imghéar, CRR² § 26. ¤gerr very short: Aodh imgerr, BNnÉ 254 § 212 . at-condarc-sa triar ... co pudrallaib imgerra urardda, MU² 773. doríne tri hoirdne imgerra dhe, Acall. 1920 v.l. ¤glan very pure, very bright: tri ingena imglana, SR 6520. Étar étrocht imghlan `bright radiant Etar,' Metr. Dinds. iv 264.17 . a clerig ... mac ... meic lemnachtai immglain `son of pure new milk,' MacCongl. 33.19 . ¤glicc very clever, very cunning: ba fond n-orddnide n-imglicc, LL 28b3 . batar amais ana imglicca, Alex. 3. ¤glinne (see 1 glinne) very secure: grecha a bretha ... brigach n-imglindi a chert (of a judge), ZCP xii 364.22 . is foc[h]en breth breithemun brighach nimglinde, O'D. 2212 (< Nero A vii, fo. 146b ). Feargus fergen imglinne, BB 278a2 .

¤grinn

(a) very pleasant: bennacht ... ar ingin Elcmair imgrind, Acall. 7241. iar feiss ri Meill n-imgil n-imgrind, MS. Mat. 489.12 ( LL 45b19 ). Dál nAruidhe uasal imghrinn, Keat. iii 1808.

(b) very strong, very fierce: ro marb Argatmár imgrind, Todd Lect. iii 180.2 . ropa ghníomh écóir imghrinn, SG 367.38 .

¤inóclach very fit for mating ?: dona mnaibh iminóglacha fuair se ar talamh, ZCP ii 292.6 . ¤ísel very lowly: int āes umal imísel, Ériu iii 30 § 6. do rugais é ... a mainnser imíseal inn aendaim ┐ an esail, Études Celt. i 83.21 . Adv. secretly: rothógaibh ... uimi ... co hétrom imísiol ` stealthily ,' BS § 57 .

¤lebar

(a) very long, very tall: imlebor gl. capillo intonso, Sg. 159a6 . cóica gilla n-óc n-aigḟind n-imlebur, LL 253a24 . úathud fri eit n-imlebair (.i. for Táin Bó Cúalṅgi), LU 10358. cóirtus hinair imlibáir `an arrangement of a very long tunic,' Goid. 65.6 . ulcha immlebur fair, PH 1491. ro coraigit aigi troisdi imlebra adbulmora, CCath. 2624. earball imleabhar, AFM iv 1080.12 .

(b) mobile, supple ?: rosc imlebur ina chind, Corm. 38.5 .

¤léimnech restive: nib ocheall nib imleimneach (of a horse), RC xlviii 331.12 (= O'Curry 1863 ). ¤lethan very broad: Aeneas ... fer imlethan aideadh-dherg, BB 427a50 . Uenerius ... imlethain imaird, TTr. 1180. ar an bhfhairge imleithin, Atlantis iv 168.10 . cathbharr ... cona sronlainn imlet[h]ain iarnaidhe, CCath. 5263. ¤lobar very weak, very sick: cumachtach, ciarbo himlobhar, Rawl. B 512, fo. 70d3 (< Plummer, MS. notes). As subst. a sick person: ba slán cech imlobor tarateged int uisce, Thes. ii 315.25 . ¤lomm very bare, bleak: do mes ilarda imlum `with abundant mast without husk,' SCC 515 ( LU 3705 ). fri gáith n-imluim n-errchaide `a bare Spring wind,' MacCongl. 63.9 . mur tsighi gaithi gere ... adhuaire imluime earraithe, ZCP x 298.16 . As subst. bareness, scarcity: tessbaidh etha (.i. gorta) di Maig Cuind, sé bliadna imluim (.i. tercai), ZCP xii 236 § 56. ¤lúath, ¤lúaith very swift: in trenḟer amnas imlúaith (: cruaich) (imluath, v.l.), ITS xli 234 § 24 . atractatar luathghoetha adhuarae imluatha, CCath. 4361. na haquili imluat[h]a ilbreca, 4927 . Adv. ag argain a chéile go hathlamh iomluath, TSh. 6641.

¤nár, ¤náir

(a) (in good sense) very bashful, modest; noble: Ioseph alainn imnar, SR 3314. dond aithiusc airdairc imnair, SR 4792. inmain óclách ard imnair, IT i 79.2 . doirb annir imnair (.i. in tan fegthar in doirb is i n-ichtur ind usci thed), LU 10255 (rhetoric). a óclaig uallaig imnair, FDG 368.

(b) (in bad sense) shameful: dacūaidh ... do marbudh Eōin gerb imnar `though it was shameful,' Ériu iv 180 § 40. ar med is imnair tuismíud clann fri coibhdhelcho, BB 278a15 . ba haimlesc ┐ ba himnár leis na braithribh ... im[ḟ]orrán catha atarru féin, CCath. 2294. imnár lais a corp tretholl ... d'faicsin do neoch, Lism. L. 2962. glár budh iomnáir d'aithris, Content. xx 12.

¤nárach

(a) noble: aen mhac Ailpin imnarach ` valorous ,' Leb. Cert. 226.10 .

(b) or bet (beit, v.l.) imnaraig ar oman etarscartha etarra abashed ? Anecd. ii 55.4 .

¤níabthach (níabad, vn. of níabaid) very provocative: ní hord aicnid imnīabthaig `es ist nicht eine Ordnung von aufreizender Natur,' Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 76 § 10.

¤omnach, ¤úamnach

(a) very afraid, very timid: na herbind immomnacha gl. timidi, Sg. 62a2a . imuamnach cach cintach, Tec. Corm. § 15.18 n. rois cobair Brighitt buadach | 'arsin nir bo himuaimhnach, BNnÉ 86 § 177. Adv. nī folāir do na huilip go ro oirichlit go hairecht imomhnach imchoimhētach in slige sin watchfully , Fl. Earls 158.2 .

(b) very fearful, fear-inspiring: ragat-sa ... a n-oilithri n-imúamnaigh, ZCP xii 392.4 . ¤réid very level . As subst. level country, plain: atait ... conara cumcca ettrat ocus inn imreidh, CCath. 4764.

¤réil very famous: imréil ... cach romag cach rodindgna `illustrious ... is every famous plain,' Metr. Dinds. iii 110.3 . tri mic Agnomain imréil, ZCP xiii 158.4 . ¤remar very stout, very thick: suisti imreamar iarnaighi, CF 680. co n-urnasc imremar iarnaidi air, MR 200.1 . fidbad immard imremur, TTr. 126. cosna seolchrannaib imdlúithi imremra, 1410 . frisna xii bairgin[e] imremra némdescdai, LB 146a57 .

¤rigin

(a) very tough, very stiff (lit. and fig.): is imrighin in tuath, Trip.² 2446. corrán d'iarann imrighim ina láimh, ITS i 72.8 . róindís ... na haithesca ímrighne, ZCP xx 181.11 .

(b) very slow: óna fuairthinghealltoibh imrighne ettarbhacha `slow unprofitable promises,' AFM vi 2140.22 . Adv. ag asccnámh co hionmall imrighin, Hugh Roe 302.14 .

¤ṡlán (imṡlán and imlán became confused in Mid. Ir., as their meanings are rather similar it is not always easy to distinguish between them).

(a) as an epithet quite healthy, quite whole, quite perfect: heirg isinn ethar n-imṡlan very safe , SR 2482. inn Affraic n-uasail n-imslain, SR 2658. usce eochargorm imṡlán, Acall. 3607. tricha bo findfergga | bat imlána óiderrga, LL 299a17 . cid mor cid bec no-chaithind bat imlana iat san beos, PH 514. Applied to persons: Hestra, Osse, Ohel án | ocus Abdias imlán, SR 7454. ordned Iacoib imslain, Gorm. Dec. 27. Englec ... lendán Oengussa imláin `the darling of perfect Oengus,' Metr. Dinds. iii 40.18 . a hingen ālaind imslān, ZCP viii 268 § 39. do chum [bheith] nar nduine iomṡlan, Ephesians iv 13. Compar. gilla iss ó ┐ iss imláne and-so andae, TBC-LL¹ 5994.

(b) quite whole, safe, unscathed: a teacht fen imslan da cric, TBC-LL¹ p. 653 n. 5 . docuatar imṡlán día taig, Trip.² 166. is áil léo a ḟocra dáibsi imthecht imslán, Acall. 6108. gur leicc im[ṡ]lan uadh é `he let him away unhurt,' CCath. 6055. mar do fhuair a chalann crád | a anam narab imlán, Ériu iv 112 § 5. fāna fagháil slán iomlān damh féin arís, Feis Tighe Chonáin 718.

(c) In Law `completely exempt, secure ' (Plummer MS notes): fis edaingne ac fir in tseoit ... i[s] slan dia mbe fo naidm is imslan do in aithne, O'Curry 1252 (< H 3.18, p. 504 ). See also imlán.

¤ṡlemain very smooth: aill ard imslemain, Stair Erc. 233. ¤ṡolus very bright: gním cech cuiri fo chuimsi | condat uili imṡuilsi `so that all are illuminated,' Metr. Dinds. iii 110.8 .

¤thais

(a) very weak, very feeble: ros fúach is ras fuc fria aiss | gided ni hengnam imthaiss, TBC-LL¹ 736. nírb engnam imthaiss `'twas no weakling's feat,' Metr. Dinds. iv 78.22 .

(b) very smooth ? very moist?: lodar ... co brugh maic in Og imtais, BB 396b15 .

¤thana

(a) very thin, very slender: in néll úathmar imthana `the fearful thin cloud,' IT ii² 133.288 . rí ... na n-arm n-edrom n-imtana, BB 280b34 .

(b) very shallow: ba hí a slige ... secht thuind Uairbeóil imthana `along shallow Tond Uairbeoil,' Metr. Dinds. iii 116.86 , and Corr., ib. v 133 .

¤theimen very dark (see teimen): duibithir funchi fedil | culchi cach eóin imthemin `the cowl of each dusky bird,' Metr. Dinds. iii 256.20 . ¤thenn very strong, very firm: cathir imairdirc imthend, LL 28b16 . ar biastaib ... imdubaib imthennaib, LU 1173 (ACC). atraig Brían don tiprait thall | ic a raba in t-uath imthend, Ériu iv 102.1 n. doi reir na n-udar n-imtheand `according to sound authors,' Metr. Dinds. v 119.2 . Adv. rosícc Sinchell slán co himthend `S. cured her whole, soundly,' Metr. Dinds. iii 156.18 . atát 'san reilic bic go himtheann, SG 33.19 . ¤therc very scanty, very short: is imtherc cos ind abcain `very short is the dwarfling's leg,' ACC § 100 ( RC xx 274.15 ). dēna ingeilt ois | narbat timtheirc (v.l. imterc) tais, KMMisc. 262.1 . ¤thláith very soft: ind iall en imthlaith, SR 4066. rí roraid ... athesc n-inclithi n-imtlaith, 5678 . Enoc án imthláith, 7362 . ¤thnúthach very eager, very jealous, or fierce: a shlógh iomthnúthach Oiligh, DDána 75 § 2. rí aingidhí imthnúthach, Stair Erc. 1646. ¤thrén very strong: iarsin rongab galar gér | fri sním calad nirb' imthrén, SR 6230. a Ferguis na n-arm n-imthrén, TBC-LL¹ 3203. cóic eich áilli imthréna, Leb. Cert. 130.12 . Adv. imtrén trómthuinset, LU 8712 (FB). triur dorosern in slúag co imthrén 'coa n-imnertad, SR 5032.

¤thromm

(a) very heavy: áráit ... imtromm, FB § 37 Eg. ro gab dá asan imthroma imdluithi iarainn, CCath. 4667. confacatar na cet[h]a ana imtroma, 4953 . acc diubraccadh ... an ordanais iomthruim adhbail moir, AFM vi 2028.7 . amhail easglanna iomthroma, TSh. 1092.

(b) very troublesome, very oppressive: for greis in aesa imthruimm `under the protection of the Troublesome People' (i.e. the pagan gods), BColm. 90.5 . Of the atmosphere of a place: his tégdais ... il-brein aduair imthruim, PH 8297. munter Edlicon imthruim, Metr. Dinds. iii 276.10 . As subst.: dochuatar a n-ētromuib a n-étach ┐ a n-imthromaib a n-arm `into their ponderous armature,' Fianaig. 78.3 .

¤thrúag very wretched: do fuc Eua in n-ubull n-úag | dond abaill, ba scél n-imthrúag, SR 1286. ¤thuirsech very sorrowful: luid Laeg ... co cendtromm n-imthursech n-anfálid, TBC-LL¹ 2170. ¤úachtarach uppermost, topmost: do imthigh roimpe go baoth ... go hionadh iomuachtarach a h-anta `to the uppermost regions of its residence' (of the wind), ML 48.23 . ¤úallach very proud: ba hóglaochrad imamnus imullach imfaobrach, Anecd. ii 72.18 . ingen Echach imuallaig, LU 3064. abair ... risin ingin n-iomuallaigh, ITS v 82.12 . mád do Láegaire Búadach | tísad ág bád imuallach, LU 3557. ¤úamnach, see ¤ omnach supra. ¤úar very cold: i naidhchi ... iochtair imuair adheitig iffirn `of the lower freezing hideous hell,' BNnÉ 99.7 . do ghéubhsa ionadh imfhúar, Duan. F. i 19.37 . ar imdocraib imfuara, Ériu viii 8.11 .

(b) With nouns: ¤accobar intense desire: imacubur denma uilc gl. esuriem, Ml. 34b10 . ¤aicbéile great terribleness: itir im-aighbhéli na h-uardachta, MR 112.18 . ¤áille great beauty: an déad ag dul i mbáine | 's an aghaidh gan iomáille, DDána 27 § 5. fáistine adbert riu Dáiri | ri mac con co n-imáilli `regarding Mac Con, the comely,' Miscell. Celt. Soc. 76.2 . Fer Becrach co n-imāle (: immarāide), Ériu ii 26.26 . ¤aire great respect: nī scoirtīs cen i.¤ | rīg nā rīgdomna aca `kings and royal princes would not part from him without great respect,' RC xiii 392.23 . ¤aithrechas great repentance: co n-imaithrechus nach fógnand di, PH 8201. ¤attach earnest prayer, entreaty: i.¤ Maic ind Rig, ACL iii 317 § 51. ¤chalma, ¤cholma great bravery: ras-nert imchalma do denam, TTr. 1639. do greis a mic ... imcalma do denam, Celt. Rev. iv 10.15 . dorochair i cath Odba | la Argatmár imcholma, Todd Lect. iii 178 § 3. ¤chreachadh the act of devastating widely: trés an i.¤ do-níthí leó ar na daoinibh budh lugha ioná iad féin, TSh. 9537. ¤déine great swiftness: imthecht dóib co n-i.¤ (: féine) `to be gone with all speed,' Metr. Dinds. iii 452.40 . ¤demnigud the act of confirming: du imdemnigud á epert són `to confirm his sayings,' Ml. 89d7 . ¤druine great skill?: ri richid con-i.¤ ri febda firian fossud, | rí rigḟial 'na rigsossud, SR 566. ¤ecla great fear: cen uamun, cen i.¤ , IT i 185.3 (FA). nosgeib i.¤ móir ┐ ómon, RC x 56.8 . is coir dó i.¤ ┐ faitchius ┐ ra-imchomet, PH 4114. nī ro lēic imegla in pāpa don priōir ... gan a aithne do choimhlínadh, Fl. Earls 142.22 . an oiread soin d'uamhan ┐ d'imeagla air ré fiabhras, TSh. 7967. fer ... for nár lá nách aon imeccla ittir, AFM vi 2296.y . ¤eclugud the act of terrifying: do fhuasnad ┐ d'i.¤ na coimétaigi, PH 3380. ¤esbaid great deficiency: cen érchra cen imhesbaid, SR 988. cen forcraid cen imhesbaid, 4966 . ¤etla great affliction?: dobeir tra timmorlai ┐ immetlai menman di araile an ircraidi ┐ in gairdi bide i n-ainius isin bith frecnairc, IT ii2 107.23 . ¤étrumme great lightness, great nimbleness: nicon berat a drúcht dind fhéor ar áthi ┐ imétrummi im-tháncatar so swiftly and lightly did they travel, MU² 566. raléic cach arachéile frassa tiuga tromaidbli d'immétrommaib a n-arm ┐ d'ilchenélaib a n-imtheilcthi, TTr. 1710. ¤étrommugud the act of making lighter, easing, relieving: barróisc Cuchulaind in claidiub assa intiuch ... d'imscothad na n-arm ┐ d'immetrommugud in scéith fair, TBC-LL¹ 2956. ¤ḟochraicc great reward: a cethair cethrachat ... do immfocraiccib, Todd Lect. iii 42.13 . ¤ḟorlond overwhelming strength, great oppression: in timorlonn namat, is fiach a fátha forru, O'D. 1595 (< H 5.15, p. 9b ). in timarlonn namad, ib. 1596 . choidhche ni barricfa-si | anmforlunn (? read: ammforlunn) 'na dhiaidh, Lism. L. 4822. ¤ḟormat great jealousy: ro linustair idu eóid ocus imformmuit Ailill, IT i 121.15 . rommiscnigsetar fo smacht | a brathir tria imformat, SR 3128. ra gab ét ... ┐ immḟarmat Dubthach Dael Ulad imma mnái, TBC-LL¹ 2749. ro-bhoí éd ocus imformad occ macaibh Moingfinde fri Niall iomon ríghe, ZCP xiv 214.5 . na denaidh adrad idal na edach na imformod, YBL 68b51 (= 294a22 ). ionnsaighis áth an chomhraig | Fear Diadh go ndlús iomfhormaid, DDána 104 § 22. ¤gábud great danger, great fright? iarsain asraracht Adom | assa ṡuan cen imgabud, SR 1066. fota ataid in-imgábud, 3630 . Ulaidh i n-imgabadh gan nech aga n-imgainiudh, TBC-LL¹ p. 250 n. 3 . atágur a imgábud | il-ló brátha búain `I dread great danger from it,' Ériu iii 14 § 1. ré mét in imgábaid a raibi, Fianaig. 82.23 . fa mór a hegla ┐ a himghābud arna slúagaib `great was the fear and fright (caused by the boar) upon the hosts,' 64.34 . dethach a cind iar crabudh | dorad demhna a n-imgabudh, BCC 356.32 . ¤gére great sharpness: co tescfad finna i naigid srotha ar āthi ┐ ailtnidecht ┐ imgēri, TBC-I¹ 1919. ¤ísle great lowness, poor position: gur adhnair les a imisle ro bui sé isin comlunn, Stair Erc. 1134. ¤lainne great keenness: mét inná i.¤ robói dosom im dia (gl. sitivit anima) `the strong craving that he had after God,' Ml. 62a2 . ¤lén great sorrow: Eua féssin cen imlén, SR 2138. dolluid Saul iar sét sen | sé cet míli, cen imlén, 5570 . ¤lot great destruction: co tuccad in diach ┐ inn imlot bad laind le fein fortha, CCath. 4017. ¤lúas great swiftness: ba he tricci ┐ imluas inn imdiubraict[h]i leo, CCath. 5659. ¤náire great shamefacedness, great bashfulness: rogab tra imnári essium co rofhemid in salm ranic dó do gabail `bashfulness seized him,' Three Hom. 102.16 . ni bí nach n-imnáire dóib cid lomnochta beti, RC xxv 244 § 18. doberat a coibsena cen imnāire dia sacartaibh, Anecd. iii 8.7 . o thucsatt a llama chuccu do'n méis ar imnari, PH 5136. rogab athrechus ┐ imnare imma iarraid eter, BB 237a32 . re h-imnaire an chairighthi thuc Cormac fair, RC xliii 80 § 82. ica imcainedh féin comor ar imnaire na hainicne, D IV 2, 73ra16 . ¤omon ¤úamon great fear, dread: ara n-imomon imchissin húath, BDD² 1264. rus-gab ecla ┐ iomomon mor iad risna dainib ingantacha, RC xxvi 160 § 46 . ar iomomhon feirgi a hathar, TFrag. 30.9 . āl cach n-imoman `every terror is fearful,' ZCP xvii 65 § 51. tainic soc[h]t ocus imuamon aiccenta ┐ cumsccughadh menman do, CCath. 5471. do chur uathbhais ┐ iomomhain ar lucht an bhaile, AFM v 1486.13 . reverence, godly fear: comadas lobre et i.¤ forsin mug céin ṁbíis oc fognam dia choimdid, Wb. 8b1 . as firén foirbhthe in fer forsa mbi ecla ┐ imuamon an Coimded, Lism. L. 3306. ¤rígne great stiffness, slowness, hesitation: nusincrech-som fora emilte leis ┐ fora imrígne leis bói icon ḟuigell, PH 4132. ¤ṡláine great perfection?: a samhuil d'oige is d'áillnne | do gniomh d'eagna is d'iomṡláine, 23 F 16, p. 129.19 . ¤ṡláinte complete health: meni thíset uli i n-imṡlánti, TBC-LL¹ 197. boi sailechtu aice sium imslanti d'ḟadbail dia ndernta a leges, LB 143a21 . ised rainic in imslanti leis co tir, BB 445b52 . ¤sláintius perfect health: nodas-forbiledh ar as ┐ ar aitidh ┐ imlaintius, ZCP xix 118 z . ¤ṡlánud the act of making quite healthy: nicon cotluim for colcaid | gē bethear com imslānud `though one were at making me healthy,' K. and H. § 2. ¤ṡlóg great host: ? g s. used adjectively: ro bui comdhail imsloigh for ur in cuain sin `there was a very numerous gathering at that harbour,' Stair Erc. 379. ¤thesbaid great defect, great error: cen forcraid cen imthesbaid, SR 4424. aisneided Arón fo leith | do Moisi cen imthesbaid, 4610 . ¤thréine great strength, firm grasp: as amhlaidh do bhádar agas gach fear dhíobh a gcrioslach a sgiath agas a n-imthréine a n-arm `in the grasp of their arms,' ML 124.20 . ¤thrumma great heaviness: dochúatar a n-etromuib a n-étach ┐ a n-imthromaib a n-arm `they advanced in their light dresses and in their ponderous armature,' Fianaig. 78.3 . a n-aimsir a himtruma `in the time of her pregnancy,' Lism. L. 2511. ¤úabar great pride: iné imuabor immarordus, LL 120a3 . ¤úachtar the very top: atá an cairthe sin ... is í tollta 'na hiomuachtar, Keat. ii 6297. ¤úathad loneliness: luidset laithe for Lúachair | ciarbo thaithbe imúathaid `though it was an infringement of utter seclusion,' Metr. Dinds. iii 246.74 .

(c) With verbs derived from the corresponding noun or adj.: ¤eclaigid fears greatly, becomes greatly afraid: ro imeclaigset a n-epiltin manid chuired Patraic hé i nn-iffernn, Trip.² 1017. ro imeclaigsitar na genti do sein, 486 . duine imeclaiges bás, PH 3821. no-imeclaiged Solam co mor in coimdid, 4129 . do bidg ┐ do imeclaig an macamh go mór les sin, BCC 48.29 . imeagluidh-si an Tighearna `fear the Lord,' Proverbs xxiv 21. ¤glanaid purifies, clears?: fiac nad imglanad .i. fri foglaithe, O'Curry 507 (< H 3.18, p. 258 ). ? to this: cach dia eol imglan rota .i. docom ar neoil fen duin it imglan rota .i. docom ar neoil fen duin it imglan na rota, 623 ( H 3.18, p. 301 ). ¤omnaigid becomes greatly afraid: bidhgais ┐ imomhnaighis ┐ ru-s-lēic a ráon madhma, Fl. Earls 232.2 .

scíam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. scíam or dil.ie/36447
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: scéim, sgíamh

n ā, f. (Lat. schema) n s. later also scéim. sgíamh f., IGT Decl. § 39 (91.17) .

(a) figure of speech : in sciám arafoimsom gl. scema `figure', Ml. 29a3 . ón sceim ascnaidi gl. scemate petito, 31c21 .

(b) form, appearance, guise : fo scéim chrábuid thogoethaid, PH 5307 . día rothogaibh spirat na hécsi cenn do fo sceib dodheilbh `under a hideous form', Cóir Anm. 272 . tri deichnemhair fa sgeimh sgol | na bhfhein chleithremair churad arrayed in bands (?), LL 394.2 = Keat. ii 4040 . In cheville: gan sceimh ngaind, BB 20b25 . beith co doichlech olc in sgīam | do neoch da fuil i corp criad is an evil guise, ACL iii 221.21 . fuilt sgaoilte go sgéimh thuirsigh, TD 24.24 . sgiamh aithmhéile ní háil linn | ar rinn áigh caithfhréimhe Ó gCuinn, DDána 79.21 . tancatar Connachta esti fo scem engnuma ┐ somasi `in valorous and honourable plight', Ann. Conn. 1235.10 . ? tucait tri xx. . . . cliab asna templaib mar oen riu-sin ┐ sciam cendaig tara n-ese token payment, pretence of payment (?), 1236.11 = sciamchendaig, ALC i 338.10 . scéimh eolchuire ar órdaibh atá ina dhiaidh, Ó Bruad. iii 58.9 .

(c) beauty, splendour : ingelt sula sochaidhi feccain a sgemhe ┐ a n-ecuisc, TBC-LL¹ 5448 (St.). bar sciam ┐ bar ndán la Fiachra, ol in drai the beauty and science that is among you, F. has it, RC xxiv 194.10 . Crimthaind Sciath-bél, roscáil s.¤ `whose beauty shone', Metr. Dinds. iii 164.5 . o sgéimh do sguch (of a dead pig), Irish Texts i 29.36 . do dhoirt Ceananndas a sccíamh | ōn ló nach maireann Níall féain, KMMisc. 348.27 . fīn sgēimhe nochar sgāthach (of a chief), ZCP viii 226 § 10 . a ghiolla gusan ngaillsgéimh `of foreign beauty', Studies 1924, 241 § 1 . in scīam cuiri 'mat c[h]olaind adornment, ACL iii 238 § 13 ( Aithd. D. 80.13 ). ní ar sgáth sgéimhe mo dhána | téighim d'iarraidh eadrána, Content. viii 25 . a naomha Erenn go scceim, BNnÉ 169.z . is dochraidh gránna mísgiamhach do-rinnis do sgéimh ┐ do dheagh-mhaise féin = decorem tuam, TSh. 1342 . atá sgéimh an tsaoghailse ag ternógh mar cheó, 1 Corinth. vii 31 .

(d) honour, dignity: ní ar sgáth sgéimhe mo dhána 'not on account of our poets' dignity' ITS xx 98 § 25 . do-bhéara sgiamh ort gun ól 'it will confer dignity on you at the drinking-feast ' Sages, Saints and Storytellers 167 § 21 . Compds. ¤adbul of great beauty: ag codarsnadh . . . re sgúdadhaibh sgiamh-aidhbhle, ML 48.7 . ¤glan polished, burnished : na sciath sciamglan, LL 236b6 ( TTr. 1447 ). le sguaib sgiamh-ghloin . . . an sgrúduighthe, TSh. 5250 . ¤glanaid polishes, burnishes : rascíamglanait a scéith, LL 232a27 ( TTr. 1106 ). ¤lúirech: ro gab sciamhluirig . . . tarsu imuich, CCath. 4680 . ¤thosach: ag agallmhadh na sgúd ┐ na sgiamh-thosach, ML 46.1 .

selb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. selb or dil.ie/37038

Forms: sealbhann

n ā, f. IGT Decl. § 39.20 . g pl. sealbhann, 1 Chron. xxvii 29 .

I

(a) In concrete sense, property, appurtenance, domain, possessions : dirróggel Cummen ┐ Brethán Ochter nAchid cona seilb iter fid ┐ mag ┐ lenu `with its appurtenance', Thes. ii 239.15 ( Ardm. 17b1 ). glanais selba sescat rīg `er säuberte die Besitzungen von sechzig Königen', Ält. Ir. Dicht. 41 § 26 . is mōr a midemnus | ar mēt a ṡelba-som `gross seine Urteilskraft, —der Grösse seines Besitzes angemessen', Bruchst. 54 . fillis in ri Ainmere | le selbaib Setnai, AU i 58.13 = i sealbhaibh Seatna, AFM i 200.4 = ar sellaibh Senna, CS 56.12 . selba sainrudcha private possessions, LU 2178 ( FA 25 ). Medb diarbo sealb coiccith Connacht, IT i 118.4 ( TE 1 Eg.). ba samalta re Meidb na beth penning a selba lé, ar na bái tarb a chomméit lé for a buaib, TBC-LL¹ 84 . ní sanntach hí in dearc; ni chuindig nach seilb ṅdílis di fodéin, PH 5918 . lēcciss lá slán selba aithri (leg. aithre), | ar ṡeirc lēighind paternal possessions, ZCP viii 198 § 18 (of Colum Cille). is s.¤ cach ōin a cethra diless, O'Mulc. 460 . cuimhnigh . . . | bláth an domhain daoir | nach sealbh dhaoibh nó dhamh, DDána 8.2 . rí do roinn leath a sheilbhe | re comh-fhlaith, Content. xviii 53 . an dream agá mbíd na sealbha saoghalta aca, TSh. 9996 . comhnuighidh ┐ malairtighidh ann, ┐ faghaidh sealbha dhíbh féin ann, Gen. xxxiv 10 .

(b) a flock, a herd : tánic dub-thrét drúidechta | cor' brost demun in seilb seing `a demon urged the lean stock', Metr. Dinds. iii 382.15 . ainmidhe as gach seilbh do comharba Maodhócc, BNnÉ 202 § 42 . caora sonn dá bhar seilbh féin | do chuir tú i gcró idir chuainmhéir, Aithd. D. 50.2 . bó as gach seilbh, torc as gach tréad, TD 27.23 . do bhí sealbh mhōr mhuc . . . ag inghilt, Matthew viii 30 . cuiridh spás eidir gach dá sheilbh, Gen. xxxii 16 . ós cionn na sealbhann do bhí air féur a Sáron, . . . ós cionn na sealbhann do bhí sna gleantaibh, 1 Chron. xxvii 29 .

(c) in abstr. sense, possession, ownership (usually with objective genitive): nit raib bríg buanṡeilbe | a bé balc cen brathirse, LL 200a33 . ba chuta dom ṡeilb-se sain ale [bar Atherne] for seilb neich n-aill n-aile `that were a right of my possession over the possession of any others whomsoever', CRR 43 . gach ionad a bfuil a nduthaidh d'á congbhail ó hSionnchuibh a seilbh eagcóra, Misc. Arch. Soc. 194.5 . a leath aga fein, ┐ an leath eile ag fear na seilbe (i.e. the rightful owner), 194.9 . fear na seilbhe is é an t-oid[h]re, DDána 40.31 . an tsealbh (san selbh, v.l.) bhunaidh bhíos (bhias, v.l.) (of a dead son), 69.6 . a-tá sealbh ag an éag oraibh, 43.2 . do chruthaigh an chruinne | . . . | sealbh 'n-a chumhacht dleaghar dhó, 15.6 . níor léig seisean an leanbh linn—| a shealbh leis-sean do léigfinn, DDána 69.7 . sealbh na ngrás, 32.18 . sealbh na ríghe, TD 27.19 . dá bhfuair sé ar seilbh n-ealadhan, 23.2 . ón chéidḟear 'ga mbíonn a ṡealbh `from the first man that held it', 22.12 . dá saora tú . . . | meise i n-aimsir m'éigeantais | . . . | libh ar sealbh go síorruidhe, 15.15 . sealbh Éireann díobh do dhol `that the heroes lost possession of Ireland', 9.8 . sealbh aindíleas | rem fhód ndúthaigh 'gam dhealaghadh `unlawful possessions', Dán Dé xvi 3 . gan saidhbhrios saoghaltha do bheith agoind ó fhonn, ó dhísligheacht, ná ó sheilbh, Desid. 2842 . a seilbh shaidhbhris eile, Desid. 2546 . do-bheir sealbh oighreachta dá aos gráidh féin, TSh. 2731 . a chor as a sheilbh to dispossess him, 1007 . a ndúthaigh a seilbhe, Gen. xxxvi 43 . is beannuighthe na daoine ceannsuighthe; óir biaidh seilbh na talmhan aca, Donlevy 200.x .

s.¤ ar possession of: sealbh arsaidh ar Éirinn óigh | gun ghasraidh, Aithd. D. 17.10 . d'iarraidh seilbhe ar fhiadh nÉimhir, L. Cl. A. B. 87.16 . níor shealbh don Phápa ar Éirinn sin `that did not give the Pope possession of Ireland', Keat. iii 79 . is gnáth sealbh ar gach síoriasacht, Maguires of F. § 12 .

do-gní seilb (also gaibid seilb, cuirid s.¤ , glacaid s.¤ ) takes possession (with gen. or prep. AR): dorighne an senathair seilb | ar a dhalta, dál nach meirbh, | atubair comadh dó budh mac, Anecd. ii 35 § 10 . do chor sheilbhe ar Mhagh Macha, Aithd. D. 37.47 . sealbh na ngrás dá ngabham, PBocht 22.16 . Fáilbhe fial . . . | do ghabh sealbh ar cheannas do chríche, Keat. Poems 1532 . gur éirigh Ahab do dhul síos go fíneamhuin Nábot . . . do ghlacadh seilbhe ann, 1 Kings xxi 16 .

g s. used attributively: fód sealbha (= territory, domain), BNnÉ 272.11 . fód seilbhe, Aithd. D. 71.13 . cróeb seilbe twig given as symbol of possession: Craobh Ghreallain a ainm o sin a leith on craoibh sheilbhe thucc Duach . . . do Ghreallan ann, Hy Maine 8.z . Similarly slat ṡeilbe: deirge glac eidhre an athar | ar slat sheilbhe ar a shochar `a wand entitling us to His favour', PBocht 21.4 . slat ṡeilbhe an ḟíonḟuinn aga, | eighre díoghuinn Diarmada, TD 32.36 .

i seilb x (a) (i) in the possession of x, (ii) under the protection of x; (b) (i) in possession of x, (ii) protecting or watching over x:

(a)

(i) robāi didiu orci āimmind i seilb charat Cairpri, Corm. Y 883 (76.6) . rochuindig . . . | co mbeth in sruth 'na sáer-ṡeilb, Metr. Dinds. iv 4.48 . tír bhar sluaigh-se i seilbh Sadhbha, DDána 99.22 . críoch Bhanbha id sheilbh fa shéula, L. Cl. A. B. 89.49 .

(ii) easbog do bhí eacht eile | i seilbh Aindrias d'áiridhe, DDána 58.10 .

(b)

(i) ní hiomdha dhínn dár dholta | dá réir so i seilbh ríoghochta, TD 20.5 . i seilbh na glóire, TSh. 3958 . gurab eadh dhligheas gach aon, smuaineadh an bháis do bheith i seilbh a mheanman, 163 . a seilbh aoin ní saoghalta `for possessing any earthly thing', Donlevy 160.14 .

(ii) Muire i n-ar seilbh gach ré seal, DDána 11.12 . im sheilbh a bhanógh gé bheise `though thou art on my side', PBocht 18.12 .

for (ar) seilb x in the possession of x: cia fésta (sic) forsa mbia ṡeilb? `who shall henceforth possess thee?', RC xx 12 § 20 . isait coin altai in degboin do ratad for mu seilb, Irish Texts i 9.7 . biat rī-siu co derb | dorated fort sheilb `thou shalt be a king assuredly; it has been given into thy possession', PRIA xix 546 § 8 ( LL 147a ). atú-sa ar seilb Ríg na Cross `I am in the portion of', Metr. Dinds. iii 312.127 . ar ṡeilbh Ṡeaáin mheic Uilliam, | do ṡluagh Luighne an chláir chorcra `the host of Leyney's crimson plain were in the power of S.', TD 32.61 .

Used in referring to espousals: bá torrach dī ind ingen. Ba ceist mór lá hUltu nácon fes céle fora seilb, LU 10606 . do cuiridh ar seilbh a chéile Mongán ┐ Dubh-Lacha `were affianced', Imr. Brain 61.10 . Cf. loisc edaighi ┐ armu ┐ lebaid in fhir rom-fagaib ara s.¤ , Aen. 866 .

ar ṡeilb in the name of, on pretext of, under colour of: ar seilbh Césair `on C.'s behalf', CCath. 2244 . ar seilbh bheith na ríoghaibh in pretence of their having been kings, Content. xvi 149 . ar seilbh bheith dá gcosnamh under colour of defending hem, 144 . nā lēic-si in chlann sin . . . do bheathugadh for do sheilp `to be reared as yours', Fl. Earls 224.8 . a gcur i nÉirinn mar aon ré cabhlach leo ar seilbh ceannaidheachta under pretence of trading, Keat. iii 2894 . do ghabhadar na Catoilcigh port Luimnigh a (? leg. ar) seilbh in righ Sērlus, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 36.z . Cf. mar ṡeilb ar for the purpose of: guin deilge leat i ngach láimh | mar sheilbh ar mo theacht i dtír `the nail-wounds in Thy hands are a title-deed to my salvation', Aithd. D. 95.28 . mes do chur ar cheird gach fir | mar sheilb ar ndul i ndaoinib to criticize each man's art in order to make (great) people of themselves, O'Gr. Cat. 555.27 .

téit i seilb takes possession of; undertakes : a ndul i seilbh mh'anma d'fholcadh | calma an feidhm dhá dhoctar dhéag, DDána 34.14 . tarla dhuit ag díon do chinidh | cás far dhoiligh dul 'n-a seilbh, Aithd. D. 66.24 . ni rachaind féin a seilbh an tsaothairse do dhenamh `I myself would not undertake . . .', Carswell 21.4 . dol 'na seilbh dob é a iomthús `proceeded to take possession of her', TD 15.33 . comhainm in laithe dodeachaidh a seilbh na hespogōide, Fl. Earls 100.18 . drong oile do dhul i seilbh airm an tighe, Keat. iii 2836 .

II In Laws:

(a) property, estate . In land: fer ná[d] tre(a)ba seilb ná ferann dó fadeisin, Críth G. 73 . is foglaid selba cach micorach `he is a plunderer of the land who makes a bad contract (respecting it)', Laws i 202.4 . .i. ar is foglaid don ferand inti cuiri drochcuir de, 206.26 Comm . ni tualaing roda selba sanna nech no do ren nad etairce, 202.5 . .i. ni coimgech comscailedh in feraind .i. ro gata no ro randa, 206.28 Comm . sealba, seoit, ni dilsigar airgse na haitidiu, iubail (sic leg.) na tren-lide neirt `lands and chattels are not alienated . . .', v 496.4 . sealba .i. feranda .i. tír, 496.11 Comm . fer son cen s.¤, cen thothchus . . . s.¤ .i. fearand. Tothchus .i. cruid, 516.4 and 16 Comm . o a setaib ┐ o a selbaib, 366.12 . .i. o setaib .i. (? sic leg.) o scuithib, . . . o selbaib .i. o ferannaib . . . cid set, cid ferand, 18 - 21 Comm . seilb .i. a thir fein, iii 52.11 Comm . orba .i. tir dibaid ┐ sealb .i. feronn athar ┐ senathar, O'Curry 2247 ( Eg. 88, fo. 18 ). is urradh imurro in deoraidh crenas seilb, Laws iii 392.2 Comm .

Also in cattle and other movable property: is meise fuidir griain imsgartha fri flaith, acht doairfena a selba do flaith `the "fuidir" of land may separate from his chief, provided he exhibit his possessions to the chief', Laws v 360.19 . co ruici trí secht nanmanda do aen seilb a ndul anund tar bernadaib saine, iv 82.5 Comm . do cum foruis iar sen fir as a seilb sloinnter `to the pound of the man whose property they (viz. cattle taken in distress) are stated to be', i 268.13 . trí secht nanmanna do dul inund fo cethair do aenseilb na tri secht nanmanna do cethra selbaib saine in aenfecht twenty-one beasts belonging to one holding to go over on four (different) occasions or twenty-one beasts of four (different) holdings at the same time, O'D. 1674 ( H 5.15, 26 ). ma ro batar selba imda isin garda isin, is crandchur do chur orra co findtar in ts.¤ o ndernad in fogail, Laws iii 438.3 - 4 Comm . [conmeser a ngnima ┐ a fiacha] as a linaib, as a selbaib `herds', 336.6 . crandchur do chur ar cach noen seilb, ┐ ar cach naen mil do setaib na selba sin, 21 Comm .

(b) ownership, possession : ná[d] roga(i)b seilb ná comarbus ria sin, Críth G. 36 . ni fuil 'n-a seilb in bidbud anarra (? na arra) is fearr `there is not in the possession of the defendant', Laws v 430.18 Comm . inand . . . ┐ da beth i n-a sheilb budein `as if it remained in his own possession', 32.20 Comm . sealb do na tri selbaib do denam (i.e. to prove one of the three recognized modes of possession) . . . issiat so na tri selba .i. seilb macha, ┐ gan delugh res ó tsin anuas. Remseilb .i. a cennach no a fagbail cena ni is tusga na adeir fear na haggra a gaid uadha. Seilb luingi .i. a cennach a luing ┐ is cinnti gurab dilis do lucht na luinge é ┐ na fuighbedh fer an ellaig é gin go gcenncha sin é, O'Curry 2165 - 6 ( Eg. 88, fo. 4 ). mad comsealb bes acu araon, O'Curry 292 ( H 3.18, 160 ). in cetmuindtir [urnadma] taburta for seilb .i. ar a seilb ata o tosach a betha `in his possession she is from the beginning of her life', Laws v 144.11 Comm . Up to the age of seven years a child was ar seilb Dé: geall no giall is ainm do on inbaid a do baister anall co ceand .uii. mbliadan, uair is indligthach do cach duine a marbad ris in re sin uair is ar seilb de bís fris in re sin, O'Curry 241 ( H 3.18, 135 ). it cetheora selba bit for cach adgair ┐ adgairter: s.¤ fini athardai, ┐ s.¤ flatha ┐ s.¤ Ecalsa, ┐ s.¤ maithrai, no s.¤ altrama, Laws i 260.4 ff .

In the follg. exx. Thurneysen, KZ xlviii 63 , would see a predicative gen. of selb: `do selba do chotach didiu' ol Cu Chulaind (`deines Besitzes ist nun dein Bund' Thurn. loc. cit.), TBC-I¹ 1553 . á Issu co fírbail | fortselbai (reading do sealba with R2; other v.ll.: asselba, assaelba, fortselba) do blíadain! Fél. Ep. 4 . The same phrase occurs in Mon. Tall. 148.26 : doselbi fein tra do praind. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. (ii 624.3 ) takes it to be pres. indic. s. 2 of do-selbai. Perh. all should be taken as jussive subj. s. 2 of do-selbai.

Compds. ¤gním: ingena, s.¤-gním saine, | di chlaind deg-ríg Dubthaire, Metr. Dinds. iii 66.15 . ¤rann: rogab slíab 'n-a s.¤-raind sain | co cían ós derb-chlaind Dedaid `took a mountain as her own special portion', 240.3 .

seng

Cite this: eDIL s.v. seng or dil.ie/37139
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: seang

adj o, ā bean ṡeang, IGT Decl. § 59 .

I

(a) narrow, thin, slender : seṅg cech segda isin Duil Feda Móir, Corm. Bodl. p. 44 . seang .i. séimh no beag, O'Cl. sliocht peinne caoile cuirre | seinge naoidhe nemthruime, Ériu v 62.140 . glés pinne . . . singe, IGT Decl. ex. 1451 . lann thana í dtruailleabaidh sheíng, L. Cl. A. B. 98.151 . fáilte uaim dod mhalaigh mhín | rer samhail snátha seang sróill, DDána 19.9 .

Freq. of persons slender, lissom, graceful : Colmán saergel sengsa, Gorm. June 26 . Nathí trenṡeṅg, LL 132b4 . silblad Chonaire chaemṡeiṅg, LL 17a49 . fri ríg roṡ.¤ ruiss, 208b49 . ó sduaigh ṡing bhogḟoltaigh Bhreagh `the slender soft-haired hero of Bregia', TD 8.13 . doccmnaib suarca saera senga, Cog. 42.16 . ráith . . na sídhingen s.¤ `a rath of gentle lissome women', O'Gr. Cat. 474.17 . ba hé fiallach s.¤ subach (sic leg.), Fianaig. 10 § 11 . cuire seang do uaisligh ionn `the graceful band which ennobled us', Aithd. D. 34.13 . in uair thiced in sluag s.¤ | co h-aenach Tailltenn . . ., SG 100.12 . géabhaidh don droing ṡuilbhir ṡingse, TD 16.29 . ba giligtir snechto . . . a toeb s.¤ seta, IT i 120.4 . thin, shrunken : cuma lium cid seang mo brū, ZCP x 42.10 . gidh seang ón aoine an chlí chuil, DDána 55.6 . geil-chneas seang nar thruaill toirrcheas, Aithd. D. 85.8 . As adv. do chaith co s.¤ a saegal she spent her life as a virgin (of the Blessed Virgin), Irish Texts iv 4.8 . Compar. fa singe an fear ná caol con, A. Ó Dálaigh lv 4 . Of animals: ar ilar a set seṅgg `for the multitude of its slender kine', RC xx 42.24 (ACC). for echaib sengaib, LU 5505 (TBC). sebuic . . . sairshenga `graceful', Cog. 160.22 . a gcoin ṡeanga, TD 19.18 . laoich na ngreagh soidhéinmhe seang `sleek', 2.25 . do-chí an fionnchrodh soiléir seang | i dtiomchol oiléin Éireann `the bright sleek fair herd', 31.22 . tú an nathair sheang, TSh. 2122 . Of a stream, the sea: failet ann srotha sengga | do cheniul cach coemlenna, SR 497 . dar tuinn sruthra sáile sing, SG 366.9 (= LL 298a9 ). imba sessoch, im ba s.¤ | im ba tressach folingg tond, ZCP x 46 § 9 . d'Albain na sreabh seang `A. of the shallow streams', TD 24.3 . Of land: fá'n dtír chuirr shaeirealaigh sheing, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 354.y .

(b) metaph. Of music: andsin dochantais don tṡlúag | ceol seṅg sírechtach sir-búan `shrill', Metr. Dinds. iv 352.18 . Of a composition: ata sund seanchas suairc seang | is maith lé fearaibh Eirind `smooth', Leb. Cert. 224.17 . is de atā in sen-fhoc[al] s.¤ | doc[h]ualadar fir Ēirend, ML² 160 .

(c) of time long : seang a thost os cudh a cín `long his silence over his book' (B. na f.), ZCP iii 378.10 . seang .i. fada, ib. 381 . naoi mbliadhna seasgad . . . | ┐ naoi gcéad do bhliadhnaibh, | is é sin an saoghal seang | tugadh do Mhatusalem, Keat. i 136.5 . .xl. lathe lansheṅg | do ruacht in sathe seímṡeṅg | ina mbairc ria ndeilm ṅdílend | gabsat áit hi rend hErend, LL 5b14 . Of distance: long? cid ara nderna in snám seang | in fer maith Hierusalem?, ZCP iv 236 § 16 .

(d) metaph. lean, meagre, confined, restricted : a Christ . . . | . . . | nirop seṅg do thabairt dam `let not thy deliverance be slender to me', Trip. ii 540 § 58 . ni s.¤ a brig os cach bla, SR 867 . baile bithsheang a mbi brath | ise in tifearnn ichtarach, BB 36a4 . da ndechaind isin saogal s.¤ | do bérainn tres re leigend `if I were to return to the meagre world', ZCP x 32.25 . acht cid maith in ceard gaiscid | bec tuillim is mór naistir | betha bithsh.¤ beidhther de | do gabar iffern aiste narrow subsistence?, SG 52.4 . Common in chevilles: atú-sa sund, ni seól sæṅg, TBC-LL¹ 3194 . coindmed mís m'oenur, sid s.¤ | uaim doib ria nUltaib Herenn, RC xx 42.z (ACC).

II As subst. (a): seang m., IGT Decl. § 63 . the act of becoming thin; a thin, graceful person : na gneithi sin gan at, gan thsh.¤ , Irish Texts v 4.8 . seang san Aoine is [eadh nach] dú | an naoidhe 's an bhean ga mbia fasting on Friday, DDána 42.27 . an seang dreach-nuaidhe ó Dhúrlas (Thomas Earl of Ormond), Content. xxix 33 . ? cotarith lūath | Lugaid fri s.¤ sedlach, | rōë dar fot[h]re | fortach fri Sedrach, Ält. Ir. Dicht. 40 § 9 .

(b) ant: feraid seng saidbir sáith 'the ant fetches a rich sufficiency' Ériu xxii 42 § 5 .

Compds.

(a) with nouns: ¤airecht: dá cheannoigheacht bhídh tre bhioth | don tseangoireacht mhín Mhuimhnioch `the comely assembly of Munstermen', TD 31.37 . ¤bas graceful palm : seangbhas ghlainghríobhdha (of a person), Aithd. D. 72.1 . ¤ben a graceful woman : grádh na seangbhan mboilidh mbinn, TD 25.38 . ¤blén slender groin : Suibhne an seingbhlén-sa, BS 45 . ¤fhlaith a graceful lord : da seangfhlaithibh saoirmhíne, Irish Texts iv 58.68 . ¤fhuil: bláth póir ṡeangḟuile Ṡadhbha, | ceannuighe óir ealadhna `flower of the stock of S.'s noble blood', TD 31.40 . ¤mér a slender finger : bean sheingmhéar is cíogh gcorrbhán, Aithd. D. 87.7 . ¤sháith: a seang saith doibh di `a bare sufficiency of it', Laws ii 150.1 Comm . ¤Shatharn used of Holy Saturday: dīa hāine dīdine | d'Īsa fo dochraigi | is de an s. | sāethrach fa sech, ZCP viii 206 § 36 . Cf. Panuhél puirt Dé | dom dín ar cech ndruing | for theidm Sathairn seing, perh. here a reference to doomsday, day of judgement, KMMisc. 255 § 14 . ¤shlúag: luibh díona na sé seangshluagh, Aithd. D. 87.7 . ¤thaeb: alaind in senud seṅg-thaeb | cuiri cend-caem dar clochan, Metr. Dinds. iv 342.43 .

(b) with adjj.: ¤bán graceful and fair : nír bo cliti in sengban sean (of a man), BB 52b36 . ¤clíabach slender-framed: is seirgthe seang-chliabhach a bhíd, Tribes of Irel. 68.11 . ¤donn: re mac inghini Anna | . . . | go g[c]eanglom ar cēill 's ar ccond | risin rēidh seangdann ṡūlchorr, ZCP xii 367 § 6 . ¤fhaebrach tapering : troigh sheangfhaobhrach do mhear mé, Dánta Gr. 28.11 . ¤gel: fear eich ṡeinggil ṡídhe, DDána 98.32 . ¤druin slender and shrewd: Sibuan s., Gorm. Feb. 18 . ¤mín slender and smooth : la Fiac[h]na sóid s., Gorm. Mar. 30 . ¤óg slender and perfect : Gallenic saer s., Jan. 28 . ¤remar: cneas seingreamhar ar snuadh tonn `supple plump flesh', TD 40.5 . salchruinn síthamail s. (of a woman), Stair Erc. 511 .

síanán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. síanán or dil.ie/37378

n o, m.

(a) some kind of soothing vocal music (orig. prob. without words): do gabáil a chepoige (.i. a sianain), Sc.M² R § 20 . cuiri na ngrīanān co ngrād, | sīanān acco is andorddān, ZCP viii 272 § 63 . gabsad mna na hindsi sianan doib, . . . `Canaid beous', ol an clereach . . . `sianan na hErenn andso', RC ix 22.1 - 3 . an cóicat ingen . . . a síanan ┐ a n-andord ┐ a n-esnam ac oirfitedh in tsluaigh, Trip. xxxviii 7 . cred dobeir suan na sianán?, Acall. 3225 . co cualutar na mna ┐ sianan sirbind aca gá canamhain, BCC 355 f (394.26) . Cf. síangan na súanem ica síniud `the whistling of the sheets a-hauling', TTr. 1420 .

(b) a prolonged cry : is olc a s.¤ trocha `his scream of doom', Fianaig. 24.18 .

As quasi-vn.: co cualadar . . . mna ac sianan . . . ┐ as ead ro chansad .i. Sen De donfe, RC xxvi 162.15 . Of birds, warbling : do choideldais fir ghona | . . . | re hénuibh sídhi ac sianán, Acall. 799 .