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Your search returned 64 result(s).

1 aingel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aingel or dil.ie/1364

Forms: a., a., aingil, angil, aingiul, aingil, angil, aingliu, a., anglib, aingeal, aingil, aingli

n o, m. (Lat. angelus). n s. a.¤ , Thes. ii 242.3 (Ardm.). a s. a.¤ , 6 . g s. aingil, Ml. 77d16 . angil, Wb. 32c7 . d s. aingiul, Ml. 16c12 . n p. aingil, Ml. 112b20 . angil, Wb. 32b5 . a p. aingliu, Ml. 142d1 . g p. a.¤ , Ml. 112b19 . d p. anglib, Wb. 18c11 . aingeal m. (g s. aingil; n p. id. and aingli), IGT Decl. § 53 .

Angel: a.¤ ab eo quod est angelus .i. bonus nuntius .i. dagt[h]echtaire, Corm. Y 72 . aingiul fortachtan, Trip.² 253 . ro rádi int aingil fri P., 1276 . tongu-sa . . . tar mo nóebaingliu, Ériu ii 196 § 13 . nach tabuir logud don a.¤ o darigne imarbas (of Lucifer), Laws i 10.8 Comm. teora cumala do gach mac . . . ┐ do gach ingin a dualgas Dé go cenn uii. mbliadhan . . . uair is amail aingil iat in fat sin, O'Curry 1829 ( 23 Q 6 , 47b ). os cinn na n-uile aingeal / don chuire ḟind archaingeal, IGT Decl. ex. 1347 . mh'fhoghlaidh ┐ mh'aingeal / fan anmain ag iomadh guardian angel , Dán Dé viii 8 . a aingli his angels , Mac Aingil 880 . a uile náomhaingle ┐ archaingle, Parrth. Anma 4020 . gur ghabh tnúdh na haingle, DDána 41.5 .

In sense of the coin called angel: go scaipe na n-aingeal `and lavishly squandered the angels', Ó Bruad. ii 24.z . Perh. also: secht n-aingelgeine (a.¤ geine?) . . . hi nglāim digind . . . do neoch nād āirthar rīam (penalty for lampooning), ZCP vii 300.22 = Ériu xiii 46.17 . O'D. 947 ( H 3.17, c. 663 ).

aintestas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aintestas or dil.ie/1550

(a)n quality of an ainteist: ma deithbirius a liud fair im andtestus, Laws v 460.33 Comm. dainí (sic) esinnraic de ┐ is ecen do cumal andtestais ┐ arra andtesta, O'D. 2341 ( Rawl. B 506, 38a ). cred ar son a fuil cumal an anntesta[i]s? . . . cia beres an cumal anntestais? . . . ata an cumal sin on ainnteist, O'Curry 1964-5 (H. 4.22, 12). cia thsaoras in teist in nannteist . . . ar fiacha, ni thsaorann ar cumal an anntestais . . . ┐ an cumal sin is ar cethraime vii. cumala ata, 2576 -7 ( Eg. 88 fo. 48(49)d ).

n (b) bad reputation: atáit a secht déc doberaid anntestus du duine .i. . . . doberait drochtestus do duine a mbeith air, O'Gr. Cat. 97.11 .

aintrend

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aintrend or dil.ie/1558

adj (4, 5 drenn? See Lochlann ii 220 ) very strong: trí hana antreinn, 'three wealths in barren places', Triads 147 . in ner[t] n-antrend na cáemnacair clód na costod (of a hero), LL 6456 . As subst. am dillid dimain dootair d'éis aindreind ardUlad `the fierce one', Ériu viii 173.3 . Freq. of rough or unproductive land: andrend .i. ainmin tíre .i. ni trēn fri clanna gan urba, O'Mulc. 104 = ni tren fri clandugad narbha, O'Curry 124 (H. 3.18 p. 75). drénd .i. garb unde dicitur aindreand (.i. sliab), Thr. Ir. Gl. 15 . cis lir fodla antrenni? a tri . . .. antrenn, ┐ anmín ┐ andomain, Laws iv 276.16 Comm. antrenn .i. sliab fraich ┐ aiteann, 18 Comm. antrend, cumala da bo ndec seisc nairi, 278.5 Comm. suifid antrenna i n-ōglanna `mountains will turn into perfect lands', RC xxvi 48 § 259 . maith a h-eathamh sa haindreann / fo cheann tairmcheall a tulach, Hard. ii 302.y .

3 airer

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 airer or dil.ie/1932

Forms: areir, a.

n Apparently o, but n s. also areir, etc. Some kind of fine apparently equal in value to one-seventh of a person's honour-price (eneclann) except in the case of kings. See Ir. Recht p. 15 . ZCP xv 247 . cia roig dire ┐ areir (leg. arer or airer, ed.) ┐ enecland? Saigid dire co .uii. cumala. Saigid areir co cumail, Ir. Recht 13 § 14 . x mba ┐ samaisce ata dó ina eneclann ┐ bo ┐ samaisce ata do ina a.¤ . . . uair sechtmad eneclainne ata do ina a.¤ , O'Curry 650 ( H 3.18, 314 ). seachtmad eneclainne a.¤ cach graid co gradh seachta ┐ cumal a.¤ seic; cumal a.¤ cach graidh o sin suas co ri cuicigh no Erenn ┐ di cumal cid do seic, 347 (192a). cisne lesa . . . tascnat treise . . . a.¤ .i. ar sechtmadh .i. la eneclann, what cases last for three days? . . . a case of a.¤ i.e. the seventh (of the `eneclann'), Laws i 230.25 , 232.27 Comm . E. . . . ro marbad ar cumuirce F. . . . ┐ righ cuicidh hé ┐ ro dligustur ocht cumala décc itir irar ┐ eneaclann ina sárughadh, 76.12 Comm. athgabail airir ni teit fuirri acht airir cob thri, co bo tri cach nai acht airir rig, dligid side secht cumala inna airir i.e. a king may distrain up to the amount of seven `cumals' for his a.¤ , ii 126.7 , Ir. Recht p. 15 n.l . brigter a.¤ erenar i cnocbeim col, Laws iii 536.16 . cia roich eneclann? Ro saich enech-gríss air i mbánbém, a.¤ i cnocbém, O'D. 903 ( H 3.17 c. 645 ). laneneclann don rig ┐ a.¤ isna híib so, O'Curry 459 ( H 3.18, 243b ). a.¤ enechruice compensation for causing `face-reddening' (insulting), ZCP xv 246 § 5 ( Laws ii 204 ). trian n-airir i tres n-aici `a third of the `a.¤' for the third fosterage', O'Dav. 137 . ni hictar dire na airiur na eneclann . . . oga.¤ i nogaltram, O'D. 1014 (H. 2.15, p. 17a). ní dligh airchindech aireir a manchu na dligh díre a ṡeoit, O'D. 990 ( H 3.17 col. 854 ). tabair da .vii. cumala dib do Conchobar i nairear, O'Curry 2089 (H. 4 22, p. 71b). a.¤ nairdbidh . . . .i. isi eiric ata don flaith ina [biadh] uasal . . . .i. eneclann, 443 ( H 3.18, 238b ). file nába fia thuaith taisilbhe, ni direnar dire na a.¤ na eneclann, Ériu xiii 17.24 .

airgdide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airgdide or dil.ie/2024

adj io, iā (argat). silvern, made of silver: gebid . . . a liathroit n-argdide, TBC-LL¹ 887 . coíca scíath n-argdide, TBFr. 22 . claideb . . . cona imdurnd airgdidú, LU 3827 ( SCC § 37 ). uma nán naircidhe (airgide v.l.), Anecd. ii 58.12 . fo chathaírib airgdidib, BDD² 1128 . cona n-airiallaibh airgdidhe fothu, CCath. 4718 . im sciathaib airg[d]edaib, Ériu v 72.2 . for méis airgdigi, MR 28.16 . is uinge a.¤ (in praise of Cainnech), ACL iii 221.2 . lestar . . . co slabradaib airg[d]ide, PH 6357 . de chumalaibh airggididibh, O'Curry 472 ( H 3.18, 247 ) (`paid in silver', Plummer MS. notes). Perh. also: roír damh .l. cumala comhinnraic uais airgdibh (.i. laoch) eilg enda tectus, LL 392d30 . Cf. 2 airg. Subst. ar an tricha[i]t nairggidhe (: se) thirty pieces of silver, Gael. 50 , 130 ( Blathm. 432 ).

áiriltnigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áiriltnigid or dil.ie/2112

Forms: áirillnigid

v late deriv. of ad-roilli. Also áirillnigid. merits, deserves, earns: roairiltnigh tréna dhegáirilledh go ffaccaidh sé aingle nimhe, RC xxv 388 § 2 . adrualaid .i. ro airiltnig, LL 311b34 . is ar a almsanaib . . . ro airiltnig rath in Spiruta nóib do thaidecht fair, PH 6109 . ro airiltnighium uile ind aentaid, Lism. L. 3913 . ar cach oen roairiltneig / . . . / ┐ airiltnigfes . . ., ACL iii 319 § 78 = for cech aen aditroille . . . ┐ aditrollifea, LB 261a84 .

Used in Laws Comm. to gloss do-slí, áilid etc. cuic cinta dosliat cach . . . .i. cuic cinta tuillis no airiltnigis cach, Laws i 238.23 . ailid . . . curu .i. airiltnigid no dligid . . . curu, v 460.21 . ni dosli secht leath-cumala .i. in ni a tuillter no n-airiltnidter secht leth-cumala , 434.30 . duilgine cach aesa danu adroille duilgine, 264.15 (text) glossed do neoch ro airiltnighes in dan do denam, 266.13 . ocht neich aileas .i. . . . is e ní airillniges no dliges do breith leis, iv 22.22 Comm. ni tuille fiachu . . . .i. noca nairilltnighinn feich ann he is not entitled to fines, BCrólige 8 gl. 2 .

1 aithech,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aithech, or dil.ie/2605
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: athach, athaig

n o, m. (aithe). See LEIA a.¤ (cóir), athach, eathach (lochdach) m., IGT Decl. § 11 , § 55 . Note however, athaig (g s.): athair, Éigse viii 290 § 12 and n. 0

Lit. rent-payer; vassal, peasant .

(a) In legal contexts used of a particular class of tenant and sometimes to describe the commoner as opposed to the noble. See Críth G. p. 74 ; ZCP xv 245 . ethach .i. quasi aithech .i. doniter a aithe for neach, O'Curry 105 ( H 3.18, 70 ). a.¤ .i. fer braith ut est taidhe cach a.¤ .i. is amail gataide in fer braith nó in fer forinaiter féich, O'Dav. 37 . Cf. táid gach a.¤ | a.¤ gach ainbh, Ériu xiii 20.14 . a.¤ = briuga, Harl. 5280, 53b (Plummer MS. notes). athaigh .i. íocaidhe, O'Cl. flaith ┐ a.¤ `lord and vassal', Thes. ii 238.12 ( Ardm. 17a2 ). fri tige cach na.¤ , Ml. 92d15 . athaig ┐ bachlaich domeled sin uile, SCano 345 . flaith athuigh na bid flaith a athair i.e. a noble whose father was a commoner, `Bauer-Herr', ZCP xv 245 § 4 . ní dlig a.¤ mraich cor[o]p flaith, Críth G. 254 . díre n-aithig honour-price paid by an a., 530 . athich cacha slointe di ṡhund huma anechclann the commoners of every family from here on with their e., Rawl. 118b38 . adnacol do cholaind aithich thuaithe a peasant of the tribe (laity?), RC x 82.12 . soifid roúall . . . i mmaccu a.¤ .i. grád fene no chille, LL 188c1 ( RC xxvi 42.1 ). ait[h]ech cách co hEogan húais, ZCP viii 299 z . ísel cech athech, Tec. Corm. § 15.15 . ó a.¤ co righ, ML² 836 . athig i comairli ríg / mairg tír i tic in scél, Ériu ix 48 § 23 . aondath i n-éadach moghaidh, dá dhath i n-éadach an aithigh, Keat. ii 1918 . aithigh Laighion / siad ós maithibh measfuidhior, LBranach 5776 = DDána 117.16 . gach saoirfhear ann badh aitheach, 72.32 . Prov.: as ait[h]ech cāch gan deōladh no one is so exalted but he can do with assistance(?), ML² 162 .

With qualifying clause, gen., etc. a.¤ ara-threba a deich (so called because his stock is numbered in tens, and represented as standing midway between the ócaire and the bóaire, Críth G. p. 77 ): cateat fodlai bóairech? dá ḟer midboth(a) ┐ óccaire ┐ a.¤ arathreba a deich, 17 . a.¤ arathreba a deich, deichde a búar sidi, 132 . a.¤ baitside (baitsid, baitse), meaning doubtful; is é a.¤ baitside inso dia mbé in[n]a enncai cen gait, cen brait cen guin doíne acht láa catha nó nech toṡaig a chenn fair, Críth G. 142 and n. a.¤ forrtha (fortha), one appointed to take the king's place in legal actions against him, see forrtha.¤ im athechu bunaid (.i. na aithig ḟortha) im athechu cis (.i. na doerchele), Cóic Con. 21 § 14 .

(b) In pejorative sense churl, boor, uncouth person: contall a chenn dind aithiuch labar, Ml. 58c6 . in triar a.¤ . . . ro anacht Cú Ch., BDD² 1287 . robo leanamnach int a.¤ (aidech, LU), TBC-I¹ 1207 . ni thecat da fuapairt / acht [mad] athig mith, TBC-LL¹ 3371 (see meth). is duit dosratsam ┐ ni dont ṡenaithiuch ucat (of Rónán), Fing. R. 67 . ni tú as cóir dia chairigud . . . a.¤ samlut (of Lugaid Mac Con), RC xiii 438 § 9 . bríathra athig churlish words, LU 5450 (TBC). in t-eathach, Acall. 5532 . dias aitheach oc ingairi cairech, YBL 122a2 . cumala ┐ athig na Pers, Alex. 390 . athig ┐ doeraicme, TTr.² 1303 . ar ba haitheach somh a h-ucht treóin `being a plebeian representative of a hero', AFM iii 178.17 . a tigh aithigh ┐ áonmná / caithidh sibh an cáomlá ar cúairt, IGT Decl. ex. 363 .

In phr. a.¤ feda base tree (oppd. to aire feda). Used of letters of the alphabet: athaigh feada, Laws iv 146.19 , 24 . airigh fedha ┐ athaig fedha . . . athaig fedha .i. fern, sail, bethi etc., Auraic. 1151 = aithig, 4249 .

(c) giant, monster: immacomarnaic dó ┐ don scál. tresi cluchi ind athig, LU 8538 ( FB § 39 ). da aitheach forgranna, Aisl. Tond. 98 § 1 . ar neimib a n-arm na n-athach n-uathmar n-agarbh, BB 43b1 . lorg in fhathaigh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1006 . ris an athach darbh ainm Goliath, TSh. 10937 . combarala dam ┐ dond a.¤ (of the Cyclops), Mer. Uil. 56 . ethach ┐ arderrad ┐ fogmoir, Stair Erc. 1290 . is i in [n]aithir neime .i. in t-a.¤ aingide (of the custodian of the Garden of the Hesperides), 254 . tú an aithir sheang . . . / is ceann aithigh uirrei-se, DDána 50.10

COMPDS. ¤-aicme vassal tribe: seacht n-aitheachaicme robadar isin tir re tiachtain de Uib Eachach, ZCP xiv 44 § 6 . ¤-lus lit. churl's herb (protection against the evil eye ? Celtica xxiv 38 ): righlus ┐ tarblus ┐ a. . . . a. do ghradaibh feine, O'D. 2365 ( Rawl. B. 506, f. 43b ). ¤-matad base dog (term of contempt): ni tocrad dam int aitheachmattud [do] gleid (glieid, LU) frisin coin moir, TBC-I¹ 1228 . aithechmadad druthsotal, 1594 . ciarso dúal don athiuch-matud saigid forsin árchoin, TBC-LL¹ 1935 . ¤-phort rent-paying town: trí aithechpuirt (.i. bailte bodaich) Hérenn: Clúain Iraird, Glenn Dá Locha, Lugbad, Triads 33 and note p. 36.

¤-thúath subject people (see Mac Neill, Early Irish Population-Groups, PRIA xxix (C) 59 - 114 , O'Rahilly, EIHM p. 154 ff. ): ro díbdáit uili cland Ugaine Máir la athechthúathaib Herend . . . ┐ ro gabsat athechthuatha Herend flathemnas Temrach, LL 7308 . ba di athechthuathaib Herend dó, 14616 . na haitheachthúatha ┐ Cinél Conaill . . . ag argain an bhaile, Ériu v 76.16 . le daorchlannaibh nó lé hathachthuathaibh Éireann, Keat. ii 3702 . annam lib athechthuatha do tháinsemad bartrenfer, LL 238b25 ( TTr. 1617 ).

See next.

aithgein,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithgein, or dil.ie/2656

Forms: aithgin, -ene, -ine, -ena, -ina, aithghin

n. vn. of ad-gainethar. Also aithgin. g s. -ene, -ine, -ena, -ina. aithghin f., IGT Decl. § 13 .

(a) rebirth, regeneration: ? ba hed aithgin ṁbetha `rebirth of the world', Fél. Ep. 240 . comdis ellma . . . fó athgin in erruigh archinn by the following spring, CCath. 169 . tucusa gein ┐ a.¤ duit i.e. enough and to spare, Acall. 7813 . In religious sense (of baptism): in baisted .i. in a.¤ , LB 257b73 . tria aithgin a mbathis, PH 3812 .

(b) likeness, equivalent. With gen. the like of: athgein hūi Luirc the like of O Larc, Ält. Ir. Dicht. 41 § 32 . is uád fessin no bíad a athgein i.e. a warrior such as he could be born only of him (of Cú Chulainn), LU 10167 . th'aidgin-siu a warrior like thee, TBC-LL¹ 4050 . Art Aoínfhear bhur n-aithghin-si you can be compared only to, O'R. Poems 31 . ríg-athgein meic Airt Óenḟir / ní fríth, Metr. Dinds. i 36.104 . ag iomfhuirech la haithghin an dúin bai ann roimhe do thurccbháil, AFM vi 2210.10 . a aithghin oile do ingrinntidh, BS 63 . With DO: aithghin do Eochaidh Mumhó, ML 22.4 . Note also: as nach féidir ál acht aithghin `thence there cannot issue a brood unlike the parents', Ó Bruad. ii 62 xxviii . úir Pharthais nó a haithghin í paradise or something very like it, TD 11.10 . aithgin .i. cutruma, ut est: nicon tarla a mBoinn riam ná iarom a n-aithgin .i. nichor teilgus tar in Boinn roime ná 'na degaid a cutruma ima mét, H 3.18, 62a7 ( O'Curry 80 ).

(c) analogy, comparison: imtha an a.¤ . . . lemlacht la mac . . . imtha samlaidh ben la fer, Leb. Gab.(i) 30.5 . gurab fíoghair ┐ aithghein don tsacraimint so an plúr neamhdha, Eochairsg. 70.10 . aithgin don chomhnaidhe symbolum . . . quietis, TSh. 5287 .

(d) Legal. Technical term translated `restitution', `compensation', Laws; `Rückerstattung oder Ersatz in gleichen Gegenständen', Thurn. ZCP xiv 346 ; `restitution in kind, equivalent', Críth Gabl. The meaning restitution or compensation to the full value of that which has been lost, damaged, etc. is implied by a number of exx. from the text of the Laws: scarait amail condrecat; in da beir cach lais cusanaile, a marthar de issed beres lais fri himscarad, na (nó?) aithgin dia torad muna marathar `an equivalent of its produce if it is not living', Laws ii 394.26 . is aithgin muna marathar feib ro ratha, cen fuilliud leo, 338.18 `Ersatz (der Werte)', ZCP xiv 392 . aithgin do flaith acht trian facaib dib, Laws ii 318.5 ( ZCP xiv 385 ). díre a ṡabaill cóic ṡéoit ┐ aithgein co nneoch robronntar and making good of any damage done, Críth G. 244 (co neoch = neich, Notes). aithgin somaine, Laws ii 332.10 ( ZCP xiv 390 ). trian naithgina ar mifagbail, 56.19 (cf. the smaller subdivisions in follg. Comm.). Also prob.: aithg[e]in tuige making good the thatch, Críth G. 213 . dírech n-imda[e] . . . diam tochur tar cenn, sét ind ┐ a.¤ , 233 . óg n-innraic n-aithgena, 275 `a perfect fullness of equivalent', notes. cach a.¤ iar n-indrucus every `a.¤' in full(?), ZCP xvii 59 § 76 . Note also (Comm.): ba trom re dainib a naithgin ┐ a tintud for culu (of restoring perishable pledges), O'D. 950 ( H 3.17, c. 664 ). aithgin ngnima ro leic in brathair ar a ceili, Laws i 128.9 Comm. (of work carried out on behalf of another). In literary texts: aithgen in t-sheoit fén, PH 7561 . a ṡeacht n-aithghine d'ḟagháil, TD 9.17 . Distinguished from taisec in Laws text: ni faid nech na seotu so cin naidm a taisic no aithgina `without security for their restitution or compensation' (of things liable to be lost or destroyed while on loan), Laws v 278.7 . (`taisec restitution of the actual article, a.¤ the payment of an equivalent', Plummer MS. notes. Cf. taisic .i. cia mairit . . . aithgin .i. muna mairit, Laws v 278.11 Comm. At Laws v 402.19 Comm. taissecc is glossed .i. aithgena). In follg. classed as an `éraicc': cetheora eirca . . . aithgin ┐ dire, etc., Laws i 258.26 . ? Cf. cach diri iar n-aithgenib id laim bodein, ZCP xvii 58 § 75 . The a.¤ could be doubled: ni teid aithgin tar diablad, Laws v 448.17 . ? [dl]igur taisiuc diabul aithgina, ii 80.8 . cach n-aninraic n-anfoit cona diablad aithgene, ZCP xiv 346 § 7 ( Laws ii 232 ). diablud naithgina nech robriathra (leg. -ar?), Laws ii 68.11 . Various: aithgin mblechtai, Laws i 168.5 . fidbretha . . . a naithgin for uin, 182.2 . aithgin gach edge, ii 54.13 . ni lais dire a seoit, acht colainn aithgena nama `das Corpus (der Gegenstand) des Ersatzes' (of a `fuidir'), Ir. Recht 63 § 1 .

In Comm. often treated as name of some kind of fine or mulct. Cf. in the passage in Laws iv 146 ff. the elaborate distinction drawn between díre and (the smaller) a.¤ with regard to different categories of trees. Here a.¤ means `only a diminished amount of fine' (Laws Gl.). Somet. of one of the seven `cumals' which make up the `corpdíre' (wergild) the remaining six forming the `díre', Thurn. ZCP xv 356 , Binchy, Ériu xii 99 . Cf. cumal aithgena, ┐ cutruma . . . do na sé cumala[ib] dire, Laws iv 244.24 Comm. ben tēit di thairr a cāin lānamna, slān cen dīri [no] aithgin i.e. the husband is not liable for `corpdíre', ZCP xv 355 § 43 Comm. Note also: bo a ndire cach ae ┐ ní thuc a naithgin ar aird he does not mention their compensation (of the liability incurred by mutilating certain trees), Laws iv 148.8 Comm. In the follg. there is no indication as to the exact sense: i n-aís ícca aithgina, i 98.3 Comm. ar in athgabail gabar im aithginib na con sin the compensation for each of these herding-dogs, 144.9 Comm. gl. im conbuachaill cacha cethra, 126.8 . nocho nícctar acht certaithghin ris ón fhlaith, O'D. 908 ( H 3.17, 648 ) (Comm.). seachta cach aithgheana every restitution sevenfold, Leb. Cert. 140.1 , see Ériu xvi 182 § 29 .

anarra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anarra or dil.ie/3363

m. (arrae) n equivalent or substituted article offered in place of the article contracted for or owed (arrae), itself an equivalent due from one party. Frequ. in Laws Comm., which cites the formula: fo-reith arra a.¤ (see below). See Ériu xix 52 . in ta.¤ tareis in arra, O'Dav. 152 . In `comar' (co-aration), where one man supplies a plough and another an ox: mása faill imcométa rucustar hé, is: fo-reth arra a.¤ i.e. where, because of neglect, the ox (arrae) is not available, its place can be taken by a work-horse (anarra), ZCP xvi 214.33 (for the formula see also Laws iii 152 , iv 36.29 ). isseadh is a.¤ ann, capull tareisi in daim, ┐ dam rogealladh, O'Curry 1862 ( RIA 23 P 3, 20a ) = O'D. 1665 (H 5.15, 24a). (An article which has been sold but cannot be paid for as promised must be returned) mani uil i seilb in bidbad a.¤ is deisse re feichemuin toicheda inat a seoit fein `an `a.¤' article which the plaintiff prefers', Laws v 420.20 . In Comm. on the passage: a meic, ara feiser fiachu masria. Aen arra i leth cumal, deide i cumail, treide i cumala , etc., trian dona damaib issedh dlegar do beith a triun nambo .i. a.¤ leis na daim in uair is aimsir lachta ┐ nach aimsir gnimha he considers oxen to be an `a.¤ ' when it is the milking season and not the working season, Laws iii 150.20 Comm. trian do boininn i triun each .i. trian do na lartachaib issedh dlegar do beith a triun na nech .i. a.¤ leis na lartacha in tan is aimsir erma ┐ nach aimsir treobtha he considers mares to be an `a.¤' when it is the riding season (when they are being ridden?) but not the ploughing season, 152.4 Comm. Note also (Comm. on same passage): da trian d'arraib and ┐ aen trian d'anarraib, cén ro gabtar amlaid sin iat is a níc ┐ in uair nach fuigbithir is a.¤ uile, O'Curry 904 (H 3.18, 401) = 1737 ( 23 Q 6, 29 b ) = O'D. 664 ( H 3.17, 495a ).

ar-cela

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-cela or dil.ie/3999

Forms: arcelt, airchell, airchellad

v ( air-cel-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 482 ). Note t-pret. arcelt, AFM i 180.1 .

Takes away, steals, carries off: arcelim gl. aufero, Sg. 9a7 . arachela no dogaitha gl. frustretur, Ml. 31a13 . arcelith ar chách et dioiprid chách gl. fraudatis, Wb. 9c23 . arachelat gl. depraedantium, Ml. 134b10 . ni ercheltar gl. aufertur, 21c12 . arascelatais ar écin gl. quosque praedam sibi rapinamque faciebant, 26b19 . rapere . . . .i. aracela, 36b2 . in tol arachelfea gl. uoluntasque raptura, Ml. 18c9 . as mmé moínur aridrochell gl. egomet rapui, Sg. 202a7 . ibine . . . arroichled iarom edhad as co nderna ibne de an `i' has been taken from it, Corm. Y 1301 (see edad). is deamna rom aircellsat leo `it was demons that spirited me away with them', Todd Nenn. 210.5 . cach fuith a mac noco n-eirceltar de .i. secht cumala dó, ACL iii 226.16 . arcelt Slicech do mur már / fuile fear lia feóil S. carried away to the great sea the blood of men, AFM i 180.1 . ? guinfa dimecfiter Medb ilgnússi archel a rroíb rindechaib (rhet.), LU 5488 (TBC). ? nīm-romhūchat nīmradhmillet nīmforbriset nimnert uile earcoél—, ZCP vi 258.12 .

Cf. ar-cíallathar.

Vn. airchell, airchellad.

ar-gella

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-gella or dil.ie/4143

v (*air-gell-)

(a) replaces, takes the place of: coirm nó ass arid-gella ale or milk which is a substitute therefor, Críth G. 395 . ocht cumala aragellat a ḟolog which replace his sick-maintenance, 468 . ni bia mias cen feoil aragella im, Ériu xii 71 § 49 = O'Curry 2145 ( Eg. 88, 2(3)d ) `for which butter is a substitute', Plummer MS notes.

(b) Sense less clear in: arageil finnsruth fine, Laws v 440.22.i . urgeilid na neichi sin sruth taitnemach na fine, flaith geilfine, 442.5 Comm. cerca; a tairgille amail cach cethra air ni airgillad tar innraic, Laws iv 118.27 Comm. aragealla túatha, Ériu xiii 30.19 . ? trí comartha aragella[t] (aradgeallad v.l.) i tig britheman: ecna, aisnéis, intlecht, Triads 171 . Cf. airgell.

athlumpaire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athlumpaire or dil.ie/4819
Last Revised: 2013

n (cf. lompaire, luimpre). Plummer MS. notes, on the basis of athlumrar cited below, suggests connection with lommraid, and defines as `bare grass, grass that has been grazed, not meadow or preserved grass'; bare pasture, close-eaten pasture, P. O'C. fer folo .i. fér na caille nó na hathbuaile no mad fér athlompaire, O'Dav. 964 . treidib miach miter cach nethemain, miach i na.¤ , Laws iv 78.7 .i. feis athlumpuire feoir ethamuin tsamrata, 80.4 Comm. mas i athlompaire feoir ethamain geimreta, 22 Comm. i n-airlim athlumpuire mona geimreta re dighuin mona samrata, 80.5 Comm. mas i athlompuire mona no caille no athbuailidh geimreta no athlumpuire feoir ethamain samrata, 82.15 Comm. dethbir digoin ┐ athlompaire, 84.10 Comm. in bo i n-a.¤ geimreta no i ndiguin athbuaile samrata, v 468.6 Comm. athlumpuire di, ii 76.7 Comm. (oppd. to rinn feoir, 8 ). tir da secht cumala d'athlompair aige, O'Curry 1849 (23 Q 6 (RIA), 51a). Note also: má dar lan ime in athlumrar is bo, Laws iv 158.11 Comm. See also athbronnad EIF 45 n. 134 .

aurradus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aurradus or dil.ie/5033
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: urradus

n u and o, m. (aurrae).

(a) native law . `The common law obtaining between members of the same `túath', oppd. to `cáin', a law imposed by a king (perhaps an over-king) or by the Church', Ériu xii 69 . See also Bürgschaft 75 n. a.¤ (urradus) ' current law' signifies the ordinary law current at the time of writing, whereas cáin 'book law' refers to the earlier state of affairs found in the commentaries of old law books Ériu lii 136 n. 39 , Literature and Politics in the Celtic World 199-200 , The Irish Jurist xxxiii 359 . See cáin. fēich erradais liabilities within the kin, Cáin Ad. 40 . nac[h] tan . . . bīt[h]er cen rīg isnaib tūathaib is brāthcāi fognī[at] etorra .i. fria urradus, Corm. Y 144 . Cf. tigradus .i. tigurradus, 1230 . ni coirpdire cana na urraduis é, O'Curry 1443 ( H 3.18, 644b ). coirpdire deisi i nurradus no aen duine a canaid . . . cid ima ndebert sin? . . . uair ni haicinta coirpdire cana d'fognam i nurradus cein fogabar i nurradus in coirpdire, 650 (ib. 314 ). saire ar fiachaib ata sin i nurradus ┐ nocho nuil saire ar biadh i nurradus amail ata a cain; ise fath fodera sin ar teirce bidh urraduis ┐ ar imad bidh a cain, 695 (ib. 336 ). da secht cumala eisein no cethre secht cumala urradhuis, 995 (ib. 426a ). inund ropdach na narm ┐ ropdach na slibri i nurradhus . . . acht in deithbhir uil eturro is i cain ata injury by weapons and by animals count equal in native law, O'D. 2319 ( Rawl. B 506, 33b ). is mo cumal cana na cumal urraduis . . . nocha mo seoit cana ina seoit urraduis, O'Curry 1207 ( H 3.18, 482ab ). coirpdire cairde ind . . . eraic . . . urradais ind, 1005 (ib. 428a ). brethamnus urraduis imurro in tan na bí rí sundradhach isin crích judgment according to native law, O'D. 632 (H 3.17, c. 470).

(b) the state of being an `aurrae'; leadership, supremacy: ? is deora nech ina crich urraduis ┐ is urra neach ina crich deoraidheachta, O'Curry 2334 ( Eg. 88, 26(27)a ). hi tir nad bi urrathus duit in which you have no standing, 2026 (H 4.22, p. 52) = urrus, 468 (H 3.18, p. 246). cach urrudus co deoraidecht / cach deoraidecht co hurradus, ACL iii 227.56 . ca tír a ḟuil t'urradhus?, Anecd. i 34 § 71 . dligim a hurradus d'iarraidh, / bunadas diamair a dind (of Banba), Ériu x 76 § 3 . ní trén th'urradhus, BS 16 . ar Mhagh Luirg . . . / dá n-áirmhinn a urradhas his supremacy, DDána 82.32 . Ó Briain ga mbí ar n-urradhus who rules over us, IGT Decl. ex. 1038 . ní dar íribh nó ar ábhacht / d'urradhas nó dh'éadánacht `in assurance or timidity', TD 17.60 .

(c) suretyship; guaranty: antí théid a ráithiges nó a n-urrughas, Triads 39 § 139 . ni laimter arratas ar cin a leten `responsibility', BCrólige 34 . Aedh epscop . . . in urradhas mna do shaoradh, Mart. Don. Feb. 7 . fúaslaicter di Mac Conglinne for errudus Picháin, MacCongl. 117.18 . gach dimain da leigfi rig (leg. ris?) beith a tír gan a cur ar urrudus without requiring him to find security(?), O'Curry 290 (H 3.18, p. 159). urradus .i. cin, 1478 (H 3.18, p. 654) `i.e. the liability of a surety', Plummer MS notes. cró ó inn dano, is hēisidh[e] saighes fine ar urradhas ar athathgabáil (sic), Ériu i 214.26 . ciniud sin do nach dlegar cis no cain . . . no ediri, no irradas . . . acht atitiu nama, Cog. 54.7 . biaidh misi a nurrudhas duit air, Gen. xliii 9 . má bhíonn tú a nurrugas ar do charaid if thou be surety, Proverbs vi 1 .

(d) Various: urramhas nachar dhluigh dhó / do chuir d'urradhas orra obliged them to show a respect (?) which was not his due, DDána 74.26 = IGT Decl. ex. 1026 . ? in cath ní heol nirradais, LL 276b32 = ní hórd i., SG 396.31 . ? clú . . . nó mórurradhnós (órnós v.l.) do bheith orm `reputation', ITS i 6.21 . Cf. lean d'urradhus ┐ d'éifeacht, MS. Mat. 565.24 . Perh. also with this meaning in: ar n-iomthus-ne ┐ ar n-urradhas, ML 112.27 .

benn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. benn or dil.ie/5654
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: b(e)inn, beinde, Binde, Beinne, Binne, benna, benna, benn, bennaib, bend, bend, bend, beinn

n a d s. and n du. b(e)inn. g s. beinde, O'Curry 1021 cited infra, Binde, Celt. Rev. x 135.7 . Beinne, Binne, Hog. Onom. n p. benna, Críth G. 450. n a p. benna, g p. benn, d p. bennaib, f., DDána Gloss. Note also a s. bend, PH 2792 , IGT Decl. ex. 643. d s. bend (: lenn), K. and H. 10. n du. b.¤ , CCath. 1337. `n. (? later f.),' Críth G. Vocab.

(a) mountain, crag, peak, point; crest, summit: o Shliab Belgadain don B. / ard in b.¤ imarbaigem `lofty is the mountain', Ériu viii 26.7 , 8 . ar binn ós Loch Feabail aird, ZCP viii 223.26 . Liath na trí mb.¤ , Acall. 936. ar bennaibh is ar barrgail on hill- and tree-tops, Anecd. ii 23.23 . beinnini ar gach mb.¤ , BS 80.4 . as súd soir go beinn Bóthair, Oss. iv 20.25 . [in] ceín bess bend ar in bith `for as long as the hills shall stand', Ériu vii 229 § 77. ó bheannaibh Béirre `from the hills of B.', Aithd. D. 11.7 . ar beinn Chliachmhuighi, IGT Introd. 23.25 . (of the edge (?) of an Alpine crevasse) tuitiss sīoss re beinn an ailt, Fl. Earls 86.z . i mbeannaibh sliabh on the mountain tops, TSh. 3491. as ris shamhlaim th'aiscin-si / is ra bend i nnimh star (?), Anecd. ii 25.11 . Fig. of a pre-eminent person: Gobán sáor . . . / b.¤ ar shaoraibh, BNnÉ 241 § 179 .

Transf. of outline of land: da b.¤ cumga do thír `two narrow horns of land', CCath. 1337.

(b) pinnacle, spire; gable; corner, etc. of building, structure, etc. ; ette nó b.¤ múir gl. pinna, Sg. 67a7 . bend a pinna muri , O'Mulc. 136. for béind aird in tempuil . . . = super pinnaculum templi, Matthew iv 5 , PH 4712. Caisel . . . / b.¤ im a téigenn teine, SG 206.9 . ar beinn inna scríne, Trip. 86.10 . ar bind mhór chluigtighe Chluana pinnacle of the round tower, Celt. Rev. x 143.16 . ar chomhairle clog na seacht mbeann, Oss. iv 42.16 . . . . na múrrtha mbeann of the battlemented walls (?), KMMisc. 50.23 . ar beind chloche, ZCP xii 273.24 . in mac . . . co farcbad for beind chroisse i ndorus chille (an abandoned child), LL 36996 = Fél. 242.7 . fer coirthe .i. in fer curthur for beinn croise gan feronn, O'D. 462 (H. 3.17, 357). Laws v 134.17 Comm. mac toc[h]air .i. do binn croisi, O'Curry 399 (H. 3.18, 222b). ingen do cuirthear do cill, i mbulg no for beinn croisse, O'D. 529 (H. 3.17, 428). fágbhais ar beinn croise . . . an mála `on one of the arms of a cross', Keat. iii 2122 . caithir chuanna ceithre mbeann (of a castle), DDána 119.16 . gur thúirrlind Léithin (an eagle) ar bind don lomán `a corner of the rampike' (p. 124), Celt. Rev. x 135.21 . beann do bhúain da thalamh `to take a piece of his land' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 1627. beinn `a high top, pinnacle ', Eg. Gl. 104. do bhennuibh bhárc `poops of ships', Rel. Celt. ii 228.9 . Hence in plant-name: beand múir (lit. projection on a wall) `houseleek?' (Index), ACL i 335.71 .

(c) wing of an army, fleet: i mbeind cli in catha `in the left wing of the battle', CCath. 5781. do bennaib cath, O'Dav. 1335. tig féin is beann don chabhlach i dtír `a wing of the fleet', Keat. iii 4828.

(d) horn of animal: inna benna duacarbat gl. corn[u]a, Ml. 87b12 . b.¤ gl. cornu, Sg. 63a6 . cornua .i. b.¤ , Thes. ii 46.31 . co mbert a inathar as fora beandaib (a bull), TBC-I¹ 880. for bennuib na mbó, Airne F. 353. dá beind for trí fichtib rend sixty-two points (?) (of stag's antlers), Imr. Brain ii 288.18 . benna na n-aigi, TBC-LL¹ 1342. tucsat didiu a mbenda ┐ a n-dedu docum na scor their (sc. elephants') tusks, ZCP xxx 136.6 (Alex.). (of a whale ?) na blaith ┐ na benna sin, Éigse vi 119 § 16. gell tar benna i.e. a pledge given in respect of impounded cattle: ata, dono, gell tar benna . . . di athgabail iar ndithim, Laws ii 128.29 Comm. ni dlig feichem acht apad cuicti . . . acht geall tar benda . . . dar benda na bó uair is fri logh enech teid(h), O'Curry 519 (H. 3.18, 261b).

b.¤ (búabaill) a (buffalo) horn; hence drinking horn, goblet: atraacht Conchobor ra beind breccṡolais buabaill a speckled and shining buffalo horn, LL 34745. crúaidi . . . / immar bít benna búabaill `hard . . . as a buffalo's horns' (of a hag's teeth), Ériu iv 102 § 45. etrocht bass fo beind buabaill, IT iii 47 § 76. ar ól mb.¤ `quaffing goblets', O'Gr. Cat. 479.13. See also s. búaball.

Of musical instruments b.¤ (búabaill): ro bidhgsat . . . lasin fuaim . . . do ben Ercuil asan mbeinn mbuabuillsidhe `which H. made on that trumpet', Stair Erc. 177. ro hir dom .x. ngrib ingne .x. mbenda (.i. .x. cuirn buabhaill) bonnadharc buabaill blaith, Ériu ii 4.3 . searbhghlaodhach a mbeann mbuabhall `ivory horns', TD 4.32 . píp trí mbeann `the three-droned pipe', Ó Bruad. iii 130.12 .

(e) prong, point (of various forked and pointed objects): gabul ina laim ┐ da beind eisti a two-pointed fork, Ériu v 72.20 . aél co mbennaib braine, LL 38335. for cetheora benna na gabla (in c[h]raind, TBC-I¹ 308 ), LU 4799. trí chét unga óir isin chainde[l]bru, secht mbenna fair forsa mbítis secht sutrulla `seven branches upon which were seven lamps', Celtica iv 32.18 . beanda . . . slegh spearpoints, ZCP xiv 230.2 . seacht cumala go leith lenta locht mara bennaib Baisgne, glossed: .uii. cumala . . . i cinaidh do beinde it armaib a ua Baiscne, O'Curry 1021 (H. 3.18, 431a-b). beann bhrasbhaoghlach thréan nách trom, Measgra D. 14.12 . b.¤ gher do beith agud, ┐ fend lesin mbeinn `have a sharp point and lance (?) it with the point', Celtica ii 46.3 . cen slegha, cen bera cen benna `points' (of a fence), Laws iv 114.9 Comm. ? carbat bo bricci for beind (benn, v.l.), IT iii 81 § 57.

(f) crest, diadem, etc. (of a helmet, head-dress, etc.): buidne bend `crested bands', Hail Brigit 20 . beann oir . . . as gach cathbarr, Anecd. ii 77 § 3. pn In epithet: Findchad Fer Bend Uma, MU² 36. donn a cuach ballghlas a beann `her coif (?)', Aithd. D. 1.34 . beann eich uaibhrigh `frontlet' ( Ir. Monthly 1929, 333.20 ), DDána 111.20 . By metonymy (?) of a horse: an bheann (perh. = bean) is fearr cluas is cos, Measgra D. 15.1.4 .

(g) Various applications: bratgal na mbrat siúil risna bennaib yards , TTr. 1420 ( LL 32231 ). uagais brigais beand siuil, ` sail-tops ', Ériu xxiv 14 § 13. Of a shield: cetheora benna óir fair, TBC-I¹ 3580. Of a garment (see Ériu xvi 201 ): a dá beind imo brágait the two corners (of the cloak) about his neck, MacCongl. 65.2 . ocht mbruit co mbennaibh (mbuindibh, v.l.), Leb. Cert.² 1314. co r-gabus bend etaig Isu `hem', PH 2792. ar beinn a bruit on the skirt of her mantle, Ériu v 76.37 .

In phr. rí b.¤ king of peaks (?), one of three classes of kings enumerated in Críth G. (see p. 104 ): ríi b.¤ . . . Is hé rí túaithe insin las mbiat .vii. ngrá(i)d Ḟéne cona foḟodlaib i céilsini, ar it hé benna flatha doruirmisem, Críth G. 448 - 450 . O'Dav. 1335.

(h) In adverbial phrases: immo rēir a b.¤ i mb.¤ `from height to height' (Thurn.), for ever (?), ZCP xi 57 § 10. co bráth b.¤ for ever (and ever): ni theit co brath buidneach beann / neach it relcib in ifernd, YBL 318a58 . o sin amach co brath mbend, Anecd. ii 40.7 . re mbrath mbend, BB 17b32 .

(i) Freq. in nn. loc., usu. in senses point, peak, hill , see Hog. Onom. B. Étair, ibid., also ZCP xv 195.

In late use heed, attention, regard: gan beinn air bith air na haitheanta do choimheud `without any care to keep the commandments', Donlevy 176.24 . ní bhí beann agad orum = thou regardest me not, Job xxx 20 . nách fuil . . . beann aco air, Párl. na mB. 625 . gan beann do chur ar raidhtibh na heagluisi coitchinne, Luc. Fid. 3993. na cuir beann, suim, spéis, seadh, ann `regard', Eg. Gl. 71.

Compds.

(a) With nouns: don bheannabrog bhuadhach bhán gabled mansion, 23 G 24 , 388 . dá cromsciath ┐ da bendchlaidiub mara occo, LU 7671 (BDD). ōs Bregmaig na mbendchros ` peaked crosses', Arch. Hib. ii 94 § 25. re fogur thet mbeandchrot, Lec. 174rb3 (for mennch. ?). sreatha . . . téad mbeannchrot, Maguires of F. 86. cloidme m[ora] benndorncair horn-hilted, TBC St. 4524 , Gloss. cuirn mc Donnchadha / dleghait buideachus / buidhe bendgealla securities of horn (?), IT iii 91 § 128. do bheannmhoighe `thy lofty plains', Gadelica 11 § 3 .

(b) With adjj.: faoidh a stoc mbennbuidhe ` yellow-tubed ', O'Gr. Cat. 474.20. táin láoghach bhenncor bhó with pointed horns, KMMisc. 174 § 33. do dhromchladh na Bóirne bennghairbhe ` rugged-topped ', AFM vi 2102.11 . laogh Droma bheinnghil Bhó `white-peaked D.B.', Aithd. D. 25.12 . rosaich co Cua cendmar cain / comét bend-glan in buair sain, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.26 .

(c) With adjj. formed from nouns: múr na sgiath mbeannbhladhach mbláith with fair-famed and gabled buttresses, DDána 119.1 . tar beilgibh bennchairrgidhe `rocky passes', AFM vi 2198.8 . brocc bendchoprach (sc. Cell Dara), RC xiii 114 § 160 (see ¤chopor supra). cloidme benndornachae 'swords with hilts of horn', BDC 106.37 .

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bó or dil.ie/6201
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: boin, bou, bo, boin, baí, b, báu, b, bao, Báu, b, búaib, bai, báe, boin, boin, bó, ba, bai, baei, búaibh, b

n f. See GOI § 60 , § 72 , § 340 . a s. boin, Corm. Y 1103 , Vita Br. 24. g s. bou, Thes. ii 278.2 . bo, Vita Br. 24. d s. boin (cf. a mboi leó do bhú, Hugh Roe² 36.4 ). n p. baí, LL 33395 (TBFr.). ba, ML² 34 (see O'Rahilly, EIHM 462 n.2 ). b, Hugh Roe² 46.y . a p. báu, TBFr. 395. b, Ériu ii 20 § 1. g p. bao, Sg. 22b11 , Báu, LU 5373. b, Thes. ii 335.1 (Hy.v), bó, LL 33391 (TBFr.). d p. búaib, LL 22315. n du. di bai , Ml. 2b11 . a du. dí báe , TBFr. dā boin , Corm. Y 1082 (prob. a neologism, GOI § 340.2 ). b.¤ f., d s. boin, g s. g p. bó, n p. ba, bai ( baei: cnai, ex. 1623 ), d p. búaibh, a p. b, IGT Decl. § 86.

Ox, cow: inna mbao (innabao, MS.) gl. boum, Sg. 22b11 . bō nomen de sono factum suae uocis .i. ainm arna dēnam d'foghar in gotha uodēin, Corm. Y 134. b.¤ gl. vacca, Ir. Gl. 159. buachaill b.¤ gl. bubulcus, 583 . bō a boue .i. is coitcenn aní as bós, ut est duo juga bouum, non enim uaccas dixit , O'Mulc. 161. domaincheass ainm do boin .i. dammainchess .i. mainchess bō, ar is cotcend do ceniul a mbos, 321 . dicitur . . . redg frisin boin mir, Corm. Y 1103. coro dart boin dia búaib, LL 22315 ( Dinds. 113 ). rocuinnig seom boin co B., Thes. ii 340.17 (Hy. v Comm.). blegon inna mbō fo thrī, 335.1 (Hy. v). co tucad na bu co Loch L. . . . dia mblegon, 334.43 (Hy. v Comm.). carais forglu inna mbō, 340.1 (Hy. v). bo blegar fri fit, bo co ngalur, bo ciss flatha no eclasa, bo brothcain, Laws v 260.2 - 4 . turcreic bo cona timtach tricha set, ZCP xiv 361 § 19. ite ainmead bo ara n-athchuir etc., O'Curry 250 (H. 3.18, 145a). trí aithgine in domuin: brú mná, uth b.¤, ness gobann, Triads 148 . eacmaing a bhái ana . . . do breith dolēic, ZCP xiii 172.18 . oc tabairt tānae b.¤ húait, Sc.M² 11. i rrechtaib b.¤ ┐ dam ┐ ech (rhet.), LU 8367 ( FB 24 ). rucad láeg mo bo fadéin . . . uaim-se, CRR 3. co mblighfidhe ó na buaibh / sáith f[h]er n-Ēirenn re h-aon-uair, ML² 138. cethracha b.¤ mbreithi mbalcc `forty strong milch cows', Celtica iv 12.21 . buachaill ag na buaib, Laws iv 86.3 Comm. gur f[h]āgaib gach bō 'gā bōthar, ML² 1255. no-chennachtís na bú, PH 4494. no-chennaigitis na bai . . . isin tempul, 4510. ar boin cach naidche ailes `for he deserves (i.e. claims) a cow every night', Laws ii 136.8 . ansom . . . bai briugad . . . teora bae i muin na trissi bo cows of a briugu (of interest due for use when given as pledge), v 400.20 . trí haige bruithi and, a dauim, no a boin, co na timthach di saill no charna, i 48.3 Comm. cuic ba imorro in gach indligedh athgabala `five cows . . . (is) . . . (the fine) for illegal distress', ii 100.4 Comm. in t-airi ard .i. da ba deg a eniclann, v 46.11 Comm. Bríg . . . is lé tomlachta na bae fothrí i n-oenló, Fél. 56.15 . cain Daire ga[n] bú do marbad, 210.33 . lenaid b.¤ odar eisium, ┐ corbo isin in Odor Ciarain (hence the name of the Codex Lebor na Huidre Book of the Dun Cow), 202.33 . intan dono no gesed in tarb bai ocaib no thiagdais ba in tire comfoco[i]s, Dinds. 142. ro ghad boin o Ciaran . . . ro innto an buin go Ciaran doridhisi, BNnÉ 109 § 38 . ní bhean boin do baintrebhthaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 509. luaith na b.¤ do bheith ar n-a hiodhbairt, TSh. 437. i gcuibhreann na mb.¤ fán bhféar (of Nabuchadonosar), 3464 . ó tharlais gan bhrat gan bhú, Measgra D. 27.34 . mairg nach tabhair bloigh na b.¤ / [san] chró [a d]taraidh 'n-a boin bheo alas for him who does not give (to God) a portion of the cow (i.e. some of his wealth) for it will be a whole cow in heaven, DDána 42.39 . ná bíodh aca choidhche, daimh, ba, ná tréuda cáorach = kyne, RSClára 108a . b.¤ sa bhoin `a cow for cow', Eg. Gl. 739. In legal contexts frequently a unit of value (Plummer MS. notes), see Binchy, Críth G. (p. 106 ): secht seoit sin da tecait ceithre ba .i. bo mór and ┐ se samaisce ar trí buaib, in bo riu, conid ceithri ba, O'Curry 195 - 196 (H.4.22, 8). naoi marg xxit do bhuaibh no darget `29 marks . . . in cows or in money', Trans. RIA xv (1826) 33.25 .

Of land: ined da boo deac di thir, AU i 288.11 (see Mac Neill, PRIA xxxvi 286 n. 2 ).

In phrr. in various applications: b.¤ bainne, Laws ii 176.16 Comm. b.¤ blicht, Lat. Lives 103.2 . ár mbadh bhí bleacht, ZCP v 214.368 (Midn. Court). in bo derba `milch cow', Laws ii 162.8 Comm. (`cow of the (milk)-pail' (Thurn.), ZCP xx 199 n.7 ). b.¤ ḟind óderg white red-eared cow `often mentioned in early Irish literature as a choice breed of cattle,' Bergin, Ériu xiv 170 and Peritia xix 239-55 : roerbad iarom b.¤ find audercc dia taiscid ┐ ba slan di, Vita Br. 5. bo find ó. leo, LU 4410. secht mba finna ō-derga, ML² 34. dobert a máthair dí báe déc dó assint shíd, it é finda óiderga, TBFr. 5. b.¤ bháthair a stray cow , IGT Decl. ex. 1354. Note also: bo fri blícht, Laws i 122.10 .i. i n-aimsir lachtha isin tsamradh, 126.19 Comm. bó allaid (`stag', Plummer MS. notes), perh. hind: tuc fer boin allaid leis dia hidpairt, LB 152a58 . b.¤ féich: tighail .i. (sic leg.) crīch dédenach tairic in bō fēich cow paid as last payment of debt due (?), O'Mulc. 862. b.¤ ḟeisi (see Bürgschaft 66 , 78 ): ised slan ngell .i. ba fesi gell, tricha a lin . . . ┐ diabludh fiach for bidbuid cows of spending the night (part of compensation payable by defaulting debtor to his surety, kept in captivity by creditor), Laws ii 136.5 Comm. cu nícand dech mbu feisi ┐ logh einech, O'D. 87 (H.3.17, 73). b.¤ indláeg see indláeg and, Ériu xx 231 - 2 . b.¤ gabála a (beef-)cow levied as a due (see gabál): bo g. .i. mart, no in b.¤ méth, ut est athgabail b.¤ gabala . . . .i. in bo marta nó atgabail gabair im boin marta, O'Dav. 284. b.¤ lethgabála (expld. by O'Curry, Manners and Customs iii 519 n. 580 as `rate in aid of a cow (perh. half the cow's value) levied to meet the requisition of the officer for the relief of the poor' (i.e. the huaitne fonluing, etc.). dlighidh . . . boin lethgab[ala], 519.17 . b.¤ marta beef-cow , see 2 mart. b. threlóeg a cow having had three calves: .i. cuinnid co hobonn boin treloegh , Bretha 42 § 33.6 . .i. ni truma na inni ata ina thoirsiugud umpu na bo trelaog , 44 § 34.9 . tri ba inlaega ar da m-buaib tre laega , Laws i 102.19 Comm . b.¤ thúir see 2 túr.

In nn. loc. (see also Hog. Onom.): Campulus Bouis . . . Ached bou, Thes. ii 278.2 . o Inis bo finne, Fél. 184.18 . Bernas ṁ Bāu (= Báu, LU 5373 ) Cūailnge, TBC-I¹ 897.

Compds. With nouns: cin boainmead without bovine defect(justifying, if present, the cancellation of a purchase, Plummer MS. notes), O'Curry 250 (H.3.18, 145). bó-ár name of a cattle-disease, RC xii 428 § 17. boár .i. sgamach nó maolgarb (see bódíth infra) no galur righín, O'Dav. 291. iar dteacht do bh.¤ nó do bhó-dhíth chuca i n-aimsir C[h]ormaic mic Airt, Ériu i 89 § 36. bóbard seventh class of sóer bard, IT iii 5.10 . bobard dō, suithi ndebidi scarta la sen etir fod ┐ cuimri, etir trebrad ┐ sned, 28 § 67 . aisti bobaird . . . .i. debidi nimrínd ┐ debide scailti etir fot ┐ gair, 45 § 66 . Dond Cúalnge . . . / co ndernsat imme in mbó-brait ` Cattle-Raid ', Metr. Dinds. iii 370.8 . screpul cach bóbotha ` cow-shed ', RC xiv 430 § 56. Dari [.i.] bóchana, fedb, Gorm. Nov. 2. Cf. cain Darí, cen bú do gait, Thes. ii 306.28 , see Thurneysen, ZCP xviii 386. ro metadh blicht cacha bo-cheathra, MR 100.20 . See bóchar. go ndeachaidh do chosnamh a bhóichreche orra `to protect his cows against them', AFM iii 224.6 . crecsluaighedh . . . d'ar comairmedh secht cata deg do bochrudh of property in cattle, AU ii 506.20 . leisin mbréid sróllchon sénta / bóchrodh téid dá thaiscélta, IGT Decl. ex. 71. bruach do bhiadhfadh bóchuingir a yoke of oxen, Ó Bruad. iii 88.16 . ? ba flaith os chuan cach curaich / fo bái slúag in bo-chumaid, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.8 . ina bai bit a mbodaingen `cows should be in a cow-fastness' (i.e. at nightfall), Laws iv 96.25 . See bódela. at crothle garmilíne / at búanaind bodelbae in the shape of a cow (?), LU 8366 ( FB 24 ). bodibad mor fo Erind destruction of cattle, AU i 470.22 . doroine bo-dhibadh mór (of an invad- ing chief), ii 118.21 . (as epithet) Bresal Bodibadh, MacCarthy 302.9 . bo-dhíth mhór ind Erinn, dá ngoirthí Maolgarbh `murrain', AFM ii 1044.11 . earrach an bhó-dhíthe, ALC i 494.15 . bó-dún see badún. moch i.e. bo-erge lit. cow-rising (gl. buaroch), O'Dav. 215 (see Ériu xiii 14.29 ). no sechmallad . . . in ṁbeoḟeoil `the beef ', RC xx 262.19 (ACC Comm.). co tuc boghabhail moir a great prey of cattle, AU i 526.4 . nía boidb bógeimnech (rhetoric), LU 5326 (TBC). bōger ` beef- lard ', MacCongl. 79.23 . bogeltach faithche .i. fer meite coimse na teit tar crich . . . bogeltach .i. fer fogelta a bu a faithce ar cach nach déis etar coin allta ime . . . ni dligh dire na saire ` cow-grazier ', Laws iv 344.5 , 352.18 , 21 Comm. bóguin, see Wortk. 146 : (g s. as epithet) Enna Bōguine (B. ōtāt Cenēl m Bógaine, v.l.), Corp. Gen. 163.2 . Cf. Boguinig `the descendants of Enna Boghuine' (note), MR 156.10 . co ro slecht in buar uile, co n-ebert: "Is bo-guine andso ┐ bid [sed] (?) ainm na benni[se]." Unde . . . Beann Bogaine `a cow- slaughter', Dinds. 142. ingen in righ .i. Boguine a ainm-siden, ACL iii 324.7 . sinum lactis .i. genus uasis .i. bomilge `of cows milk', Thes. ii 48.30 . boogam .i. lilgach ar aicme bethi . . gamnach ar aicme huatha . . . samaisc ar aicme muine, Auraic. 5759. bō-otrac[h] cow-dung , Corm. Y 196. conamailt saill ┐ bōṡaill foa corned beef (?), Corm. Y 883 (76.11) . ethar bec . . . bōshaille `of beef-fat', MacCongl. 85.10 . boseiche ` cow-hide ', Laws iv 148.19 Comm. it séoit bóṡlabra[e] direnatar dó, Críth G. 120. tri cóecait cét boslabraidh ` dower-kine ', RC xvii 214.4 (Tig.) = bó ṡlabhra, Keat. iii 2243 . bo-ṡlechta `the law concerning cows', Ann. Inisf. 810. rith cana boileachta `des Rinder betreffenden Gesetzes', ZCP xviii 383.14 . cain boiliuchta (i.e. `the law that treats of cow-killing, cow stealing, etc.' n. 1), Laws iii 110.4 Comm. seacht cumala lana for fer nurradais mboslechta .i. iar marba buachalla, no airamhain. No is comlaithred deisi iar ngait, O'Curry 2440 ( Eg. 88, 36 ra. ) ` cattle-tracking ', O'Gr. Cat. 97 § 42. bosluaiged lit. host of cattle gl. mammona, Ir. Gl. 300. botheach ` cow house ', Laws v 514.35 Comm. bótháin cow raid : rohir dam . . . .x. mbuachailli botana, Ériu ii 3.14 . ron-íurusa im chét mbó bódána, BDD² 267 = bóthána, LU 6763. co n-immad ech ┐ bótháinte, LU 3911 ( SCC 42 ). no geibed Flidais . . . do bóthorud of livestock, TBFlidais 88 . co tí in bo dia botreib, BB 397b2 . in a bo-tuar (`cow dung ', Plummer MS. notes), Laws v 464.13 Comm.

With adjj.: bo-abartach, abairt amail in mboin `behaving like the cow', O'Dav. 316 ( Ériu xiii 29.10 ). brucchaid bó-cédach, BNnÉ 137.9 `with hundreds of kine', Keat. ii 4682. Bernngal Bóchétach, Acall. 5322.

With bú-: ? maccaim beca buaigelta (buaidhghela, v.l.), TTebe 1372 . Cf. bógeltach. a ccreachghabhala cruidh ┐ cethra broide ┐ búalmha, Hugh Roe² 204.32 . for buageltach ṁBreg (of Cú Chulainn), LL 12569 ` guardian ', RC xiv 398 § 1 . Buagelltaig, LU 9084 ( FB 83 ), cf. BDD² 1209.

See bárach, bóaire, bóbath, bólacht, bómlacht, bóraime, 1, 2 búarach.

1 cacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cacht or dil.ie/7531
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: -a

n g s. -a.

(a) person in bondage, slave : admider de .uii. cachta cichside crissa, secht moda mogu (sic) fíthe mórgníma moghsaine I adjudge therefor seven slaves which girdles will encircle(?) (judgement of Sencha), O'D. 2204 (Nero A vii, 141b), cf. c.¤ .i. cumal nó innillt, ut est secht cachta cichsite crissu, O'Dav. 345 . admiudur de secht cactu (.vii. cumala , LB) cichsite crísu, Corm. Bodl. 16 (s.v. mann). c.¤ .i. cumal .i. bantraill, O'Mulc. 265 . c.¤ .i. cumhal, O'Cl.

(b) bond, fetter; bondage, captivity, confinement : manimthair c.¤ na cumrech, SR 1280 . di ócbáe . . . / alloeg fo gaile cachta, 5427 . dosrat fo chrúach cachta, 6739 . fofuctha i cachtaib co cían / is in carcair co Iosíaph, 3264 . Petar fo ch.¤ cuibrig, Gorm. 1 . mo máthair do brith a c.¤ , Ériu iv 98.2 . is comus cachta berar [for] uisque hi tirib Gréc `power of impounding', Dinds. 128 ( RC xvi 80 ). rogabta i cact they were taken prisoners, AU i 336.11 . Of sieges: rogabadh c.¤ foraib i mMaen Chonain they were besieged, AU i 374.13 . slogad la D. . . . do ch.¤ for Gallu Atha Cliath `to besiege', 458.4 . ar a n-gabtis c.¤ dicein fris in longport, 434.20 . ? Of impounding cattle: [g]aibiut baetha cachta indliged, Laws ii 76.19 . ? Of obligatory service: ni dleaghar . . . cáin na c.¤ , Leb. Cert. 124.16 . ? is indligthech do rig na tecmalla dail cachta do indechad in uilc, H 3.18, 249.13 . Note also: fo chléire cachta, SR 5991 . cléir chachta `band of bondmen', Metr. Dinds. iii 158.17 .

(c) In fig. and extended uses. Duress, hardship; asceticism : da raibh i ngalur no i c.¤ , Ériu xix 8 § 9 . dogné túaslucud cachtae (cachta MS.) `practise deliverance from bondage' (rule for holy life), Ériu i 198.5 . robu inmuin c.¤ (of the religious life), 138.13 . fiad na slógaib i sír-ch.¤ `trance', Metr. Dinds. iii 224.14 . Esp. of fasting : iar sirc.¤ in chorgis `after the long privations of Lent', Mon. Tall. 156.6 (§ 68) . iar mbuaid cravaidh is cacta, Ériu xix 12 § 4 . c.¤ .i. trosgadh, O'Cl. c.¤ .i. gorta, Lec. Gl. 291 . Stowe Gl. 267 .

Constraint, compulsion (almost equivalent to gess, Plummer MS. notes): ro gaib Fuaimnech . . . c.¤ for rigraid Teamrach cin digh cin biadh . . . co ro ícdais i dalta fria, O'Curry 2361 ( Eg. 88, 28 (29)a ). c.¤ do gabail for rigraid Erann, 2363 (ib.).

Of the body (regarded as a prison after the fall): lecid mo chorp . . . / inna ch.¤ cen chumscu[gu]d, SR 2058 . Perh. also nocon alaind mar atai / cid ardotralaid hi c.¤ ? 1307 . luid . . . asa ch.¤ (of the death of Colum C.), LU 653 . a alt a olcc / a ch.¤ a chorp, IT iii 84 § 75 . mo brig brig ro scaich a c.¤ , YBL 316b19 . Note also: Lugaid . . . / rocrīch a c.¤ / fo gné glaine . . . his life, ZCP xii 379.21 .

(d) Various: ós Charmun c.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 8.87 . ro cuiread in cath go c.¤ , Todd Nenn. lxix 23 ( BB 43b11 ). Cf. c.¤ common, general ; fa c.¤ generally , O'R.

Common in chevilles: a Christ cen ch.¤ , ZCP i 497.9 . rotfīa mo chen-sa cin c.¤ , vi 266 § 7 . búaid cen ch.¤ , LU 3753 ( SCC 54 ). bad adba chaingen can ch.¤ , SG 366.29 . Críst . . . mór da c.¤ , BS 32 . deoda in c.¤ , Fél. xxv § 7 . cialla c.¤ , SR 2335 . caṅgnib gleraib, gloraib c.¤ , 4569 . fo chucht c.¤ , 6169 . cuairt c.¤ , 6551 .

As n. pr. C.¤ mac Ilguine, ZCP viii 217 § 6 .

In n. loc. rí Cairn Chachta, LL 24089 .

Compd. cēsud do c[h]uirp c[h]achtbāin pale from bondage, ZCP viii 232 § 3 .

cáeptha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáeptha or dil.ie/7643

part. of cáepaid as subst. Expld. as fool, half-wit : caeptha .i. ainm do amadan, ut est in druth ┐ in c.¤ .i. inti donither do caopad no do giubad .i. in fer lethcuinn, O'Dav. 485 . in caeptha finelog baoth gaoth and sin nad i fulangar a chinta co tabair secht cumala as do righ, benaid sin caep ind re cach, diles do cach a caepad iarum muna ro gapad rig, O'Curry 2168 ( Eg. 88, 5ab ). in caeptha ┐ in finelogh, baeth ┐ gaeth, ┐ in fer lethchuind: ceithre hanmanna sin ar in fer lethchuind, O'Curry 982 ( H 3.18, 423a ).

1 caín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 caín or dil.ie/7787
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: caindeifriges, cainternais

adj i fine, good, fair, beautiful , etc. Of persons etc.: Bláán cáin Cinn Garad, Fél. Aug. 10 . C. ba cáin áge, July 6 . a phopa ch.¤ Conaire, BDD² 1175 . caínsi ch.¤ corcarda lais, 675 . caín tarb (caintarb, v.l.) (of Cet), Sc.M² 15 . coīn mīlid Ailill fri āgu, Corp. Gen. 8.13 . is cur c.¤ ¤ cathbúadach, LU 8956 ( FB 71 ). it caíni for slúaig, 5531 (TBC). am c.¤ (.i. ni ḟuil luib is chaime andú), LL 1555 . cid cáin lib in laechrad, IT i 77.9 (LMU). cáin cech culēn fó ṡaidh, Cáin Ad. 8 . aged chāin (: sōir), ACL iii 307 § 15 . ingen Chuinn an c[h]rotha caoin, ML² 810 . sé c.¤ ceilligi carthanach, Stair Erc. 1025 . Of an action: is cáin didiu a n-essimthecht `fair then is their going forth', Thes. i 495.19 (Ardm.). ? c.¤ forondar a chorp hi crú, LU 8339 ( FB 24 ) (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 604 ). Of clothes: fúan c.¤ corcra, LU 8601 ( FB 45 ). ad-mestar cáircha assa comthlachtaib cóinib, ZCP xi 85 § 39f. lend bus caoin dath, ML² 513 . Of objects soft, smooth : ail chaoin cumdachta, Ériu xiii 30.29 . im iomdhaidh thaoibh chais chaoin, 28.22 . ag cennghail um charraic cháin, Acall. 858 . mess fás. fidh cáin. olcc bláth `smooth' (i.e. devoid of fruit ?), SG 80.8 . is c.¤ cech ard, LU 3915 ( SCC 43 ). ba c.¤ ind fhidchell, TBFr. 90 . Of speech etc. soft, gentle : guthán c.¤ , Ériu xviii 12 § 6 . caoin fuigheall fri heigsi, Ériu xiii 14.3 . labhra chaoin, DDána 13.4 . d'aitheasg chaoin, 17.15 . cómhrádh caoin gach naoimh, Párl. na mB. 889 . ceól caoin na bhfilídhe, 1633 . ar chruit chaoin, DDána 119.29 . comhairle ch.¤ , ML 6.22 . Of weather fine, clement : sína caíni . . . gaim c.¤ cuisnech (oppd. to sína saiba), ZCP xi 82 § 25 . In chevilles: caoin rath, Blathm. 4 . caoin sgel, 153 . In nn.loc.. crutti Caínbili o Ess Rúaid da n-airfitiud, LL 8816 ( TBC-LL¹ 1449 ). Cf. Cluain caín, Druim caín, Caíndruim etc., Hog. Onom. Adv. co c.¤ cennsa, Stair Erc. 2235 .

Compar. Ailenn . . . / caīnu dūn dindgnai, Corp. Gen. 8.17 . cainiu cach fiach, SR 2485 . cainiu fedaib, Auraic. 5550 . ba cæine side cach fichthill, ZCP iv 35.17 v.l. As superl.: cáiniu di ḟlaithib in domuin, TBC-LL¹ 5171 .

Superl. ǽ drobéssach caínem di thonemaib Heirenn, Trip.² 1695 . Crist ba caoinem clú, Blathm. 247 .

As subst. Of a person: caoin ó a bhfaghair fóirithin (of a bishop), Arch. Hib. i 97 xviii . caíni U. (three harpers), TBFr. 108 . See 2 caín.

Compds. Forms compds. with nouns, adjj. and in adverbial sense with verbs. In composition with verbs treated as unstressed prefix, see GOI § 384 . In later lang. such compds. treated as simple vbs. e.g. caindeifriges, Auraic. 985 ; cainternais (sic leg.), ML 162.22 . Also used to form artificial compds. in etymol. glosses. Some of the compds. included here could belong to cain.

With nouns: ar a chaonairilledh, Leb. Gab.(i) 226.2 . bindḟogur a gotha ┐ a caínurlabra, LL 7740 ( TBC-LL¹ 210 ). trisin cainaisṅdíis (ref. to bene gratias agis). Wb. 12d20 . ar cháinbésaib im chóemchostud na fledi, MU² 211 . a gcrabhadh ┐ a ccáoinbhesaibh, Ériu v 74.13 . cāemdūdracht, cāinbēsa, ZCP viii 215.2 . do cech eclais bís i cāinbéscnu, Cáin Ad. 36 . aitherrach cáinbescna daib fri Dia, Anecd. i 41.20 . ica tá caoin bleith (of metal), O'Dav. 200 . ropo chuiscle chaenbríg, LL 27008 . fo cháinbuide (: óenṡuidi) na ndrong, SR 6055 . atcota becdata cāinbude humility wins gratitude, Anecd. iii 11.7 . ech gach eamhain ina caoincennas coir, Ériu xiii 27.8 ( Laws v 62.21 Comm. ). biaidh bo fó chaoinchethair ar anair n-iorchoraigh, xiii 25.22 `there will be a cow four fair times (i.e. there will be four cows) for a full melodious anair' (verse dealing with the rewards due to various metres), Meyer, Misc. Hib. 22 . ¤-chomrac etc. see separate entries. do-rala caínchomrád etir Coin C. ┐ Emir, MU² 136 . tré . . . caencrabud B., Lism. L. 3330 . atcota cīall cáin-chruth, Anecd. iii 10.18 . Mock n.pr.: Caonchruth mac Caoindhelbha, ii 64.5 . fothughad a caen-daime budein, Laws v 52.17 Comm. ¤-dúthracht etc., see separate entries. céd corn caoinegair, Mart. Don. xxxvi 14 . co cathair na caenḟled, Gorm. Dec. 18 . a chaínfochell asar corp `fair wage', Wb. 15c24 . tabraid . . . cāinforgall, Thes. ii 306.2 (Hy. i). ní raba . . . bá moo eneach na caonfuarascaibh ionás renown, TFrag. 178.1 . ¤-ḟúairrech etc. see separate entries. sin chaóinfresdail ┐ fritheoladh, RC xxix 146 § 72 . nach claistear a gcaoinḟriotal gentle speech, Hackett² xviii 39 . tria caonGhaoidheilg, Hugh Roe² 244.7 (fo. 61a) . Maccæma Túath nDea dom ét iar mo caenghuide, RC xii 60 § 18 . huanaib cainimbedaib ilaigthib gl. multiplicatis benedictionibus, Ml. 105a7 . cāinlāech Luigdech, AID i 53 § 3 , Celtica xi 125 . ar chrábhadh na caoin-léaghan do rádh `to say a prayer(?)', Celt. Rev. x 134.12 . caín-leas, MR 160.5 . fó ṡídh ┐ fo chaoin loisi, AFM ii 1164.6 . triallais . . . caenmag, LL 15762 . naoi ccuill chaoinmhesa, Ériu xiii 26.20 . anruth .i. sruth cain molta uadh, Laws iv 358.21 Comm. concertfa caenrecht for iathu B., YBL 181a11 . act rocloor for cáinscéilsi a good account of you, Wb. 23b2 , cf. b41 . fer ro scríb . . . / cáinscéla Críst chrochthai, Fél. May 6 . rind caein-sholais Chaingcrech, MR 114.2 . gan dire do chreith caoinṡrothaib, Ériu xiii 17.13 . á caintaidlech gl. satisfactionem, Ml. 32b22 . cáinteist diib `good testimony', Wb. 23a23 . ic tabairt chaintestusa, LB 107a24 . caintír toirthech (? cain), SR 963 . déce do caerca caeintlachta, Leb. Gab.(i) 30.15 . teinniu achuinscliu caíntocud, LU 7385 . trí hingena berta seirc do cháinthocud, Triads 110 . iarsin chaíntoil gl. secundum bonum placitum, Wb. 20d19 . do lucht na cain toile, ITS xxix 144.2 . 'na sgéith chreidimh ┐ chaointoile, Parrth. Anma 5064 . cáintoimtiu diib `a fair opinion of you', Wb. 23a22 . adchonncadar . . . isan chaentracht clerech, RC xxvi 160 § 47 . iarna cáintuistin, SR 7999 .

With adjj.

(a) Dvandva compds.: tecait cāinḟinn / corra, ḟāilinn `fair white birds', K. and H. 18 § 27 . cāinmaith slān / Sīrne, Ält. ir. Dicht. i 29.27 .

(b) Adjj. derived from nouns: go cobhsaidh caoin-bhéasach, TSh. 1854 . do reir diancecht cainbrethaig fair-judging, Laws iii 362.4 Comm. ambreith Chaei Chaenbrethaig, Thr. Ir. Gl. 9.2 . Connla Caoinbhriathrach, Keat. iii 518 . Mock n.pr. Feli ingen Caoinchlothaigh, Anecd. ii 64.9 . is caínchomairlechu beith i ssíd, LL 31741 (TTr.). uo cōinchomráitech . . . na fēne re chéle, Fianaig. 64.4 . a sgiath . . . chaoindealbhach, ML 112.19 . in dearc . . . caen-dénmach beneficent, PH 5923 . cros caoindénmhach uas a cind, AFM iii 312.10 . caindénmide gl. benefica est, Ml. 25d4 (caindenminde, MS). caindéinmidi (-deimidi, MS) gl. beneficam, 120b6 . amal as dund chaindénmidiu gl. benefico, 33b9 . nadbi caínfoltach nibi caínfuillmech `he who is not well qualified is not well remunerated', Ériu xviii 47.5 ( Laws v 112.7 ). cluithche caoínmhenmnach, Ériu v 166.56 . easbog cáoinráidhtioch, Párl. na mB. 3794 . labrad uallach ┐ chaintoimtenach dib fadesin `proud and self-complaisant speech', Ml. 31b10 . See caínḟúairrech.

With verbs: cáin-airlice lend graciously(?), LU 3489 ( SCC 26 ). mani cáinairlither `unless thou take good heed', Wb. 5b38 . in tan na cain-biadhtar cain-scarat, Laws v 292.12 . nī bo fri óigthea acher / cāinbói (.i. cáin nobíid) fri lobru trúagu, Thes. ii 328.3 (Hy.v). la Dal Riada cainebar / . . . / lethdeog, Anecd. i 14.15 ( SCano 478 ) (ibid). cáineperr gl. bene dicitur, Sg. 215a3 . caínéra, LU 3489 ( SCC 26 ). caoin éranar muca mbroghtar ina muicthech, Ériu xiii 27.23 = amail atbeir isin bretha nemidh cain erenar muc mbrogtar ┐ rl., O'Curry 1451 ( H 3.18, 647b ) (as-ren). c.¤ feid a rosc, LU 8342 ( FB 24 ). c.¤ fera bodil di fodbaid ríg (rhet.), 6122 (TBC). c.¤ fúalaing fuither glaini sair, 8343 ( FB 24 ). inna caingnethi gl. bene acta, Ml. 22d18 . With in-láidi, see ind-láidi. cumala caínógat a ngnímu `who fulfil their services well', Críth G. 485 and n . caínoís, LU 3489 ( SCC 26 ) (oidid). cain rognatha (gníid), Ml. 39a24 . cáinscríbaimm, Thes. ii 290.11 . caínté im gaí cainte gaithe, LL 1570 (téit). cia tīasam cáin temadar (.i. alaind), Thes. ii 299.30 (Hy. i). in-díu trá cáin-timgarat, Lament 90.5 . inna caintinscantai gl. bene coepta, Ml. 131c18 . caín tintaé chucum, LU 8310 ( FB 23 ). is caintormachtae (do-formaig), Hib. Min. 13.451 . clanda caine caīntuismiter, ZCP xi 92 § 21 . amail bid cainullmaigthe, Hib. Min. 13.448 .

In etymol. glosses on con as conjunction and preverb: caoinberim nó caoinbritheamnaigim gl. conidbiur, O'Dav. 391 (cf. Ériu xiii 21.30 ). conamus . . . .i. . . . ro cainaimsighedh, Laws i 48.18 Comm. conaraig . . . .i. . . . ro chain-airgestair, v 292.14 Comm. ar na conderbathar .i. ar na caindiubarthar, iv 196.23 Comm. (2 do-rorban?).

In later lang. used as occas. alliterating ornament e.g. do chogair ┐ do chaoin-chomhairligh aige féin, ML 26.14 .

With vnn.: cuile iar cainbiathad, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 52.29 ( Laws ii 386.z ). a condaill .i. a caindeligud, Auraic. 1501 . na ro cuindrigther . . . .i. na dentar do caindirech, Laws i 192.8 Comm. (etymol. gl.). in chainepirt gl. benedictio, Ml. 137d6 . tosach cōru cāinepert, Anecd. iii 16.15 . is maith bar caeineiberta, SG 350.1 . ¤-gním, see separate entry.

comdlúm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comdlúm or dil.ie/11048

n (dlúm): cuic cumala ina chomdluim chorpdha compact mass , O'Curry 1041 ( H 3.18, 435b ).

corpdíre

Cite this: eDIL s.v. corpdíre or dil.ie/12503

n (corp + díre) body-fine, wergild . `Tötungsbusse, Wergeld', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 71 . cro .i. coirpdíre, O'Dav. 522 . fiach in bais nó in coirpdire, 925 . 1002 . sceo coir coirpdire comindraic, Laws iii 536. 11 (verse). Mainly confined to Laws Comm., freq. gl. éric (see éric, éraic ff.): coirpdire gl. eiric, Laws i 188.15 . leth coirpdire gl. leith eiric, iii 348.14 . mas é in flaith ro-ḟearastar cneidh . . . is coirpdire, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 77 § 7 . berar secht cumala a coirpdire gach duine is urradh, O'D. 561 ( H 3.17, 439 ), cf. O'Curry 2225 ( Eg. 88, 16 (17)c ), 560 ( H 3.18, 278a ). coirpdire marbhtha, Bürgschaft 80.36 . imin c.¤ gl. co direnaiter [crolige]?, BCrólige 1 gl. 3 . leth corpdire d'íc do Choinculaind ina mac (viz. Aínḟer Aífe), Ériu i 126.9 . colainn-ēraic = corp-dīre, Ir. Recht. 14.14 . Cf. corpéraic (corp compds.).

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