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commaín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. commaín or dil.ie/11489

Forms: comaoine

n (com + maín) n s. (n p.?) comaoine, Párl. na mB. 4 . In later lang. also with pl. forms in -ch, -dh (TSh., Eochairsg.).

(a) equal wealth, means, hence equivalent, (equal) return, quid pro quo: cummāin .i. comma-māin .i. māin chuma diaraile, Corm. Y 270 . O'Curry 1209 ( H 3.18, 483a ). isarach.¤ dúib gl. sicut nos quoque uos `it is like for like to you', Wb. 25a20 . is maith in chommáin do-rat doib .i. misericordia gl. gentes autem super misericordiam honorare Deum, 6d7 . do-bértar tri fichit cét lilgach . . . ┐ a ch.¤ cinn bliadna the same again in a year's time, Sc.M² 2 (see note and cf. a chomméit cétna, ibid.). a ch.¤ sin ond ollomain, LL 24457 . comain in lóghaidh so = hac uenia, CCath. 1299 . ro ḟreagair C. comaín a ghona do gach aen dibh gave blow for blow, MR 272.19 . ní guin do-chuaidh gan chomaoin. DDána 86.17 . a chumain-sin la Gallaib Athai Cliath for Gaideluib Laigen `did as much for' (of slaughter), Ann. Conn. 1401.14 . Hence i c.¤ in return (for): a cumain a thaburtuis, ZCP vi 33.26 . Berramuin .i. muín i c.¤ berrtha, LL 22248 . ní fríth serc dó 'na chommáin a return of his love, Metr. Dinds. iii 192.30 . mé do cháineadh 'n-a chomaoin, Aithd. D. 74.1 . ? pian as mo cumaoin, BNnÉ 141.21 .

(b) More freq. in sense of mutual gift or payment, exchange; due; obligation; favour, boon, benefit : commuin athar ┐ a meicc `the mutual obligation of a father and his son', Coibnes 7 . on do econn berar a commainib comaithech a loan . . . paid out of the joint funds of fellow tenants(?), Laws v 370.4 . comuin, ascada l[anam]nais, Cóic Con. 19 § 11 (see 74 - 5 ). athgabail comuine .i. . . . seoit aíne tucadh ar comain, Laws i 214.z . 218.30 Comm. cummaine feine fesaib fuirired, iii 20.22 . doneoch na tabair (= arr) ar comain talmanda `for earthly obligation', 24.9 . na seoit fuillmeda ┐ na seoit comaíne, O'D. 1599 (H 5.15, 10ab). icfas in Comdiu a ch.¤ féin fri cach nduni his deserts, LU 2286 ( FA 34 ). febus mo chommain crichi ┐ ferainn, LL 22805 `bestowal', CRR 11 . in comaín doratadh do illuagh a gaiscidh, LL 399b52 . mór ar chách a ccumaoine (of saints), BNnÉ 253.10 . an chomaoin chéadna ceangluim `I bind the same bond', O'Hara 2978 . du ri Lacha Léin . . . / dligid cumaín chairdeamail, Leb. Cert.² 2067 . nirbo comaein cen cuitechad sin (prov.) i.e. you got the reward of virtue, Grail 2658 . dúais do chionn chomáoine `in return for kindness', KMMisc. 346.29 .

(c) In idiomatic phrases with underlying idea of placing under an obligation, conferring a kindness upon: atat ar commáine fair he is under obligation to us, Hib. Min. 65.13 . go roibhe cumaoin mhór aige air, Mac Aingil 1962 . commáin duind ní do thabairt duidsi we are in duty bound, etc., Acall. 5984 . is cumaín disi sin `well may she', BCC 270.19 . nīor chumaoín duit . . . / nī fhéadfadh, O'R. Poems 2769 `unlike you he could not', Gloss. maith mo chummáoin ar an mnáoi she is much in my debt, BS 112.9 . in ben . . . ba mo commain arin Ordd Liath, Ann. Conn. 1269.9 . olc ormsa cumaoin do ghall, TFrag. 222.16 . foide iná an sgol do sgaoileadh / gan m'oide ag cor chomaoineadh `to have lost my teacher's kindness', Studies 1924, 86 § 7 . ná cuir do chomaoin bréige / do láthair mo leithéide. Content. x 5 . Párrthus mar ar cuireadh na céad chomaoineacha ar . . . Adhamh, Eochairsg. 42.16 . cuirfett cumaoín ar cloinn tái `I will lay an obligation', AFM vi 2320.6 . Cf. commáin ria cur romermais, Metr. Dinds. iii 54.13 . do dhealuigh riú gan chommaoin ar bith do thabhairt dóib ré tógbháil an tuir `without taking any part with them in', Keat. ii 4 .

(d) Of glosses, additions etc. to texts: chuir-sén cumaoin fhocal innte added some words to it, Celtica i 97.314 . cumaóin sgribhneorachta, Gorm. xviii 19 . ag sin . . . qmáin . . . ar do lebur, O'Gr. Cat. 130.28 . uirthi níor fríth linn / fuaim nó focal do chomaoinn extraneous? (of Irish language), Keat. Poems 8 . See comman.

íarcúae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. íarcúae or dil.ie/26957

n , f. (cúae cup, bowl) a kind of poetical composition, a carousing song: `gaib airchedal, a Senchan,' ol Guaire, `dus in tuicfea Cummaine.' Gaibid-side iarcuae (v.l. iarcua) Guaire, Ériu v 32.12 . dognitis iarcai dond rig .i. airchetul iar in caui doberthea doib, YBL 126a8 .

séganda, séganta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. séganda, séganta or dil.ie/36863

adj io, iā (ségonn) magnificent, fine, skilful : i[s] ségonnae ro both frib. . . . Is imda coirm ┐ biad dúib lasin flaith do-n-ángid, MU² 925 (= LU 1451 ). nirbo segunda a tuarascbáil se mullachlethan belremur . . . docraid adetig, LU 8516 . `segonda sein, a clerich' or Guaire (when, after a day's play, Guaire has not succeeded in taking any of Cummaine's chess-men), Ériu v 32.25 . ba suairc segunta in mac sin, Aen. 1937 . ar chomhrádh saor séaghanda, Aithd. D. 41.14 . a dhreach shéaghanna, 46.19 . sgotha séaghanda a sreath bhfis, L. Cl. A. B. 176.117 . a fhinne-bhean tséimh shéaghanta shár-chaoin tsuairc, Keat. Poems 973 .

tríar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tríar or dil.ie/41892
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: tríur, tríallaidtríar, triúr, triur

n o, m. (trí + fer, GOI § 388 , but cf. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 136 ). Originally disyllabic: Fél. Jan. 24 , Oct. 11 , etc. d s. tríur, later used as n s. (triúr). tríallaidtríar, IGT Decl. § 76 . triúr, § 96 .

(a) three persons, trio: tigerne trír gl. trium vir, Ir. Gl. 399 . foxla triar do cethrur, Laws ii 122.y . biathad trir, v 60.10 . nabad lia diis no thriur, Wb. 13a4 . ar is dochruth comirsire ndesse nó in tríir `unseemly is the barking (?) of two or three at the same time,' 6 . it ána a ndírmann | in tríir imradam, Fél. Oct. 11 . cona thriur dedblén, Jan. 24 . ind locáin ro gabtha | déssib ocus trírib, Prol. 210 . ní thudchatar in t.¤ ucut, LU 8971 ( FB 72 ). im chomuaill in trír chaurad, LU 8746 ( FB 56 ). don tríur láth ngaile, LU 8719 ( FB 54 ). can tris fer ... frisna triru, RC xi 450.11 . acht mad oen-triar do doeneib, SR 448 . fo deilb tríir, 2803 . is hé in triar irdaircc tri derbráthir, TBFr. 109 . triur ri cach n-amus, TBC-LL¹ 22 . is iat sin in cetna triar, PH 6412 . co mbia triur óigred oc fir husarachta, 7587 . triar talchar trenfher, TTebe 2880 . rothoit in triur-sa dib les, 2835 . tainic Calcus ┐ a thriar ban, Stair Erc. 1952 . triúr ar n-éag do aith-bheodhaigh, Dán Dé iv 25 . triúr mac do bhádar ag Brian, TD 21.20 . an triar easgcarad, TSh. 2127 . do thoisg an trír chéadna, 2141 . na trí trír-si this (band of) nine men, LBranach 2659 (see note).

Appositional dat. with poss. pron.: biit a triur do anmaim ind eiúin, Sg. 93a2 . comtis ainmmnidi a triur, 7b2 . lotar dó a triur churad co hEmain, LU 9033 ( FB 78 ). is hé ba sinser dóib a tríur, LU 9057 ( FB 81 ). Boind a ssídib a mmáthair a triur, TBFr. 111 . arusrainic-side a oinar a triur `alone he met them all three,' RC xi 450.6 . do-rónsabar bar triur me-si cúnntabartach, PH 1805 . Without poss.: a bíathad triur `he is entitled to refection for three' (Gloss.), Críth G. 166 . do éimdheadar ... triúr dol, TSh. 7512.

Of the Trinity: triar óen-fer, Lib. Hymn. 114.36 . buime trír is í na hóigh, A. Ó Dálaigh ii 6. aobhdha an triar a trí dhalta, DDána 9.2 . triur i n-aoncholainn amh-áin, 3 . go bhfuilid na dtriur ó'n tsíorruidheacht, Donlevy 24.21 .

In phrase tech an trír as kenning for Tara, later Ireland . Cf. do Themraig in trír, LU 9913 : braithim fós do tigh an trir, ZCP ii 335.7 . ag guaillnibh ríogh tighe an trír, 340.28 . 's mo chroidhe ronnta ar a rannaibh | bronnta ar chlannaibh Toighe an Trír, Hackett xliv 8.

(b) three things: comtis ainmmnidi a triur 'the three of them would be nominatives', Sg. 7b2 . is ē crand in rīg-Easa | ba hannsa lind don triaar, ZCP v 22 § 19 . an trīar-sa thuirmim-si, viii 215.18 . ro tirchanait in triar sin don cur-sa isin Roimh `those three things were then foretold in Rome,' CCath. 834 . conid sí sin in tres saobh-sanus Lethe Cuinn, ┐ is hi Cluain Eraird doronta a ttriur iad, BNnÉ 302 § 9 . gaibid Senchan tri hairchedail. nosgab Cummaine a triur ` Cummaine repeats the three,' Ériu v 32.17 . iul agus aoibh is aithne | dhaoibh 'n-a dtriur ní tiobhairthe `those three gifts ... would not be thine,' Aithd. D. 37.11 .

Note also: ro marb sí triur mor do muintir Gargan, PH 7218 . Atkinson suggests =four, on analogy of mór-feiser; perh. merely famous trio .