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abcán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. abcán or dil.ie/61
Last Revised: 2013

 

n (abacc) little dwarf: is imtherc / cos int abcan oc imthecht, LU 1028 (ACC) = abcain, RC xx 274 § 100 . abhcánsa 'I am a dwarf' Ériu xxxii 60 . As n.pr. curach . . . Abcain eigis, Dinds. 81 ( RC xvi 31 ).

ar-ling

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-ling or dil.ie/4180
Last Revised: 2019

 

v (lingid)

(a) jumps (forward): aireblingthe (airebling de?) co mbui isin curach he jumped into the boat, Anecd. i 5.9 ( SCano 126 ).

(b) In legal texts, of bee-trespass : fo bíth nad n-airlengat uili imalle 'because they do not all commit "leaping-trespass" together', Bechbretha 186 (b) .

Vn. airlimm

.

ascnam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ascnam or dil.ie/4414

 

Forms: fascnam

u, m. Vn. of ad-cosnai. Also with initial f fascnam.

(a) act of going towards, striving towards, seeking: inna.¤ gl. affectum, Ml. 48d21 . inna ascnamu gl. motús affectusque mortalium, 53a7 . a.¤ no serc gl. emulatio est afectio, 56b28 . huand a.¤ gl. (nocendi) affectione, 72b23 . oc asgnam gloriae, Wb. 1c18 . huand a.¤ ṡóinmech gl. adsis pede . . . secundo, Sg. 69b8 . serc fochraici ara n-a.¤ (sic leg., ed.) `desire of rewards so as to win them', Ériu vii 138.y . a.¤ suälach, ACL iii 311 § 2 . fascnam firinne na scripturi diada . . . fascnam .i. innsaigi, O'Curry 627 (H 3.18, 303). a.¤ ind ecna ┐ na fellsamdachta . . . do aisnés, Alex. 806 . ? raitech ascnama methais, Laws iv 28.6 Comm. , cf. v 248.24 . ? ar na mairnighar ascnama a dibaid, O'Curry 2310 ( Eg. 88, 24 (25)a ). a.¤ sacarbuic a reir anmcarud going to the sacrament, O'D. 2189 (Nero A vii, 132a), Of journeying to a place: oc a.¤ tíre tairṅgiri, Wb. 11a19 . sét . . . / do a.¤ tíri Cannán, SR 5038 . oc áscnám Rómae, Trip.² 805 . do a.¤ in tslébi, LU 1746 . slige do a.¤ geilestair, Laws iv 278.29 Comm. doluid in fer sech Find do a.¤ int sidha eli, RC v 202 § 24 . a.¤ a n-orba ┐ a feraind fadein, TTr.² 9 . ticc . . . do fhascnam a crichi bunaid, RC xxiv 178.22 . ro ghabh ac sira.¤ na mara, Stair Erc. 914 . do chuiredar amach a curach . . . re fasgnam na fuar-gaithi forgloine, KMMisc. 315.1 . a.¤ .i. imthecht, O'Dav. 85 . a.¤ nime, Mon. Tall. 141.16 . Padraíg fria fascnam nime, BB 38a1 . cia roibi in cū oca ascnom was making for him, TBC-I¹ 519 . ba hudmall a rēm ┐ a ascnamh (a phantom), RC xiii 222.2 .

(b) With prepp.: luid reime do ascnum co Temraig `fared forward to', RC xxiv 184.12 . adchīd bātt beg . . . ag ascnamh chuca, Fl. Earls 14.13 . ag dian-asgnamh do na durshlogaibh . . . dochum D., MR 226.6 . oc ascnám do Damaisc, LB 146a25 . in curach ac fascnam dia saighidh, RC xxvi 160.z . coteraig A. ┐ M. . . . do a.¤ hi crich Ciarraige, IT ii2 210.74 . ba hed a.¤ isin flaith / . . . / in rí beres breith for cách / a ṡerc ┐ a omon, IT iii 155 § 46 . ní ro léicc an omhan dóibh sidhe ascnámh isin conair coitchinn, AFM vi 1900.7 . asccnamh a n-agaidh a namhat, 2060.24 . intan robuí C. . . . oc ascnom íar slige Chúaland, BDD² 287 . in grian . . . ic asgnamh re seol-uchtachaib . . . do chomsoillsiugadh na cetharairdi, MR 112.12 . a.¤ tar tuind, ZCP vii 309.19 . iar n-a.¤ sair tar caingel `going in past the altar-rail', Ériu iii 100 § 25 . ag ascnámh triasan naomh-staigri, Fl. Earls 206.9 .

(c) Technical name in prosody for a type of `dúnad' in which part of the first word of a poem is repeated at its end, e.g. Donchad, dond a a.¤ ; see Murphy Metrics 44-45 ; IT iii 29.19 , 30.1 , 121.1 ; Auraic. 2200 ; ZCP xxix 92 .

(d) Gramm. of the case governed by the prep.co: fer . . . co fer a a.¤ , Auraic. 1519 . ni bi int inotacht cin int asgnamh, 4916 .

báidid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. báidid or dil.ie/5172

 

Forms: bádaid, báithid, báthaid, bádud

v also bádaid, báithid, báthaid. Trans.

(a) submerges, drowns; sinks, wrecks: co nu badaitis gl. mergerentur, Ml. 96c14 . nachat baidh rian romhra `did not drown them', Blathm. 68. as he tuargaibh toind do tracht / go mbaidi benna borrbharc, 228 . conid hi in tress tond bades naues , Thes. ii 352.36 (Hy. vi Comm.). ba sūaill co rroibdithe in curach cona lucht were almost swamped, Corm. Y p. 92.5 (= corrabdithe, ix 26; nach baiti, xv 5). báidfitir noo ships will be sunk, Eg. 1782, 43a (cited Contribb. 161 ). ro bateá iar sin ┐ atbathatár di gortai they were shipwrecked, LU 1279 (H). ro báided . . . isind abaind, 8926 (H, FB 69 ) (cf. rí báiter for srothuib, Laws i 204.21 Comm. is furri robáidhedh (of a river), Cóir Anm. 255. bátir Fráech F. is submerged (in fight), LU 5231. sruth do aill, . . . baidhidh cac mbec nétruim (sic), Laws iv 356.11 . cia robdait[h]er indib whatever may have been drowned in them (ditches), Coibnes 13 . cia robdaid if they drown someone, Laws iv 140.27 Comm. conid bádud ra bádit that they were in fact drowned, LL 31910 ( TTr. 1097 ). Cf. LL 36369. dia mbaidfider bith, 13871 (rhet.). do bháidh muir gach duine dhíobh, DDána 3.39 .

(b) extinguishes, quenches: ní baithfidther [in tene] co bráth = nunquam extinquetur (sic), Lat. Lives 5.12 . nī bāiter mo ṡechtchaindel!, Misc. Hib. 20 § 3. do bhāidh sí solus na n-uili leg lōgmar ele, ZCP xiii 181.6 . tre nert daíne robaidhedh (of a fire), RC xviii 170.26 (Tig.). gur escainset iat ┐ gur báthset a cainnli excommunicated them, O'Gr. Cat. 5.26. do báidh Macamétus connle an duine do íbad fín, Maund. 61. baidid tart, Celtica ii 71.59 . Fig. do báidheadh grís ar ngoimhe, Studies 1921, 589 § 5 .

(c) destroys, overwhelms, obliterates, suppresses: na báid . . ./ cenn n-erbága nIsrahél, SR 6011. rodasbádi (sic Corr., Academy xxiv 31) plág dibaid, 5279 . bádfid a maith a n-olc isind ló [brátha] sin, LU 2169. Cf. ZCP iii 227.6 . ronbris ronbrúi, ronbaid, / . . . / rongeilt in gaeth, O'Mulc. 830g . rosbáidi bás `death o'erwhelmed her', Metr. Dinds. iii 48.14 . rombáid i tig Clettig crúaid / cnáim ind iáich, MacCarthy 206 § 6 . ro baighit na bidhbhanais enmities were quenched, MR 100.8 . ētrad nī rom-bāde, ZCP vi 260 § 11. ni baití en litir and would not be obliterated, BCC 434.21 (394) . ná báidh . . . ar gcomhramha, Content. vii 2. bochtacht antoisgtheach . . . bháidheas i n-ainfhiachaibh . . . é, TSh. 5427. réadla bhisigh nár báthadh `a star of increase which was not eclipsed', Éigse v 234 § 12.

(d) elides (a vowel), merges, makes to disappear (of consonants in compounds, etc.): iss ed ropad chert and acht uath baidhius in fern, Auraic. 4342. Cf. co nd-aurba huath .i. conasfirbade uath, 1203 . an connsuine bháithtear do gháoidheilg do dhénamh d'ogham san chomhfhocal (a metrical fault), IGT Introd. § 2 (2.36) . ni bhaitheand consain in guthaighi, Metr. Faults § 137.

(e) Of alienating property: ro baith Cathal . . . a cuitid thoisig . . . do Dia, SGS v 54.8 . Domnall . . . ro baith na hule edbarta ro (read ri, ed.) Drostan, 7 . See p. 62 n.3 , 4 .

(f) Intrans. is drowned, is destroyed, becomes extinguished: cia baidit cenna ni baidit mbruighe .i. cia marbh na comarba mairit na tíre, O'D. 550 (H. 3.17, 437). amal turcbas tene focetoir ┐ báidid co prap doridisi, PH 2408. glóir an bhaile mar do bháidh how the glory of the place (sc. Tara) has vanished, DDána 105.12 . báidhidh [an lampa] uáidh féin, Maund. 70.

Vn. bádud.

1 bann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bann or dil.ie/5348
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: bang, aenbaingi, -baing, baind, bann

n o. Also bang ā, f. g s. aenbaingi, CCath. 1950 v.l. (énbhaing, text). d s. -baing, 2105 . Cf. a s. baind, Fing. R. 240. bann m., IGT Decl. § 73 , § 96 (p. 130.8) . Variously glossed: b.¤ .i. buille, O'Curry 583 (H. 3.18, 289). .i. gníomh, O'Cl. .i. gach cumhsgugadh, ibid. Also glossed with meanings not sup- ported by exx.: b.¤ .i. līathrāid, Corm. Y 200. Ériu xiii 76.207 . Metr. Gl. 32 § 7. Lec. Gl. 503. O'Cl. .i. dligheadh, O'Curry 1490 (H. 3.18, 664). Lec. Gl. 42. Stowe Gl. 232. O'Cl. .i. bás, O'Cl. .i. olc, O'Curry 972 (H. 3.18, 416). .i. tend, ibid.

(a) Meaning appar. move, movement, impulse, effort, thrust; hence exploit, deed: dracc ilair band, ZCP iii 465.17 , 21 . atnecham (atteocham, v.l.) ria mbandaib before making any move (?), Fél. Dec. 21. b.¤ baide ┐ trócaire impulse, SR 2072. lín ṁband mbalcbúada, LU 8289 ( FB 22 , rhet.). rosbaí damna bróin don b.¤ `the deed was a source of sorrow to them', Metr. Dinds. iv 20.28 . cath Bregmaine band `of deeds', RC xxix 211 § 8. ni maiti da bidbadaib band, Fen. 378.21 . b.¤ tre cheardchaibh caithshleagh gcorr (of a chief), DDána 79.26 . ní héidir liomsa achd b.¤ báis `the only steps I can take are fraught with death', Aithd. D. 51.12 . a bh.¤ claonta leis an gcoir `her conduct inclining to sin', 50.34 . b.¤ mear taidhbhseach tar tor (of a mare), Measgra D. 15.24 . Oar-stroke : dá luing . . . fó énbaing imruma, CCath. 2105 , 1950 ; `with one pull of the oars´ Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 88 . cach band do-beread forsin curach (with) each oar-stroke that he gave the curach, 58 § 31 . ód bhand ḟíchmhar imramha, IGT Decl. ex. 860. Cf. DDána 83.20 . ? band īslighthe, ar ar n-onōir, Éigse xiv 92 § 2 and Notes 103 § 2 b . perh. to 1 bang.

With verbs: fer dobeir b.¤ ar cach ṁbūaid achieves (?), attempts (?), ZCP viii 119 § 40 ( Rawl. 88b42 ). dobert G. band feramail fora churach vigorously propelled, LL 12702. Cf. IT ii1 181.192 . tucad b.¤ ele arna cobhlaigibh [co ndechadar] . . . imásech araile, CCath. 1966. tucadur iaromh b.¤ dúr dīochra ar an deabhaidh made for, Cath MT 786. beiridh b.¤ tar bhladh a sinnsear surpasses , O'Hara 4175. b.¤ ar a ais ní headh rug did not retreat, PBocht 10.15 . Cf. band ar ais ón irgail, Hy Fiach. 260.7 . téid crann ó Dhonnchadh fa dheóigh / b.¤ tar orchar in áirseóir, IGT Decl. ex. 1309. do-chuaidh Pilib / . . . / b.¤ suas tar na sinnsearaibh surpassed, O'R. Poems 432. imbered a baind foraib, Fing. R. 240. Elliptically: is mithid damhsa b.¤ do bhaile `to foot it homewards', Ó Bruad. ii 240.5 (bonn. v.l.).

(b) Passing into sense of length (of cast, etc.), distance, period, extent, amount: níbo moo in band oldas a chéle (of casting a ball and hurley), LU 5006. dobert G. fochrothad . . . fon scíath co roacht band ḟata úad, LL 12719. Éire ┐ áirdrí Bearta / ní bhfuil aonbh. uaisleachta / . . . / d'iomurcadh air ná uirthi degree, 23 G 24 , 274.13 . Conchobor bliadain a band / noco torchair la Crimthand, LL 15151. ? ri ro bai ria mbetha b.¤ , SR 5273. ? b.¤ ar t'fhíoch ní fheadarsón, Bard. Synt. Tr. 193.12 . Diancecht . . . is e ro chind in b.¤ decided the amount (?), Laws iii 362.4 Comm. (`that established the rule').

Freq. in chevilles: niba hifernach, búan bánn, / clann na cined dó, Trip.² 393. Fél. 86.31 . úarda band, LU 9856. ? 10543 . būaidh ria mbannaibh, ZCP vi 264 § 5. ? fíad slúa g Eigept, amra bainn, SR 3291 (: Foraind).

Note also: briathar baile (builidh, v.l.) b.¤ , Metr. Gl. 11 § 10. ba difulaing cloistecht re fogurmuirn in muighe fos, cona búi a barsamail acht amail bad b.¤ don brat[h] doberta isin uair sin ind, CCath. 5650 (`ban of Doom'). benfaid na trī band[a] .i. band crābaid, band ecnoi, band trebairi, ZCP ix 453 § 34. Of Eóin Bruinne: a bhrágha ní fhuair ionadh / os chionn cíche an dúiliomhan / b.¤ do bhí tar an gcroichse / dí is gan chrann 'n-a caomhthaighse, PBocht 23.13 (`a band was fixed about the cross'). inmain bund sin, inmain band, / dotelccad do nim anull, TTebe xvi 1 (`a dear strain'). forbann .i. for b.¤ .i. ní ós ceann dligidh, óir as ionann b.¤ ┐ dligheadh, O'Cl.

Compds. With nouns: cen báes ṁbandgaile impulsive valour (?), LL 25803. bandmaidm Lettrech Ainge (.i. cath Cilli Mōna) rout, ZCP xii 236 § 56. With adj.: cur meabaidh don abhainn ina buindeadhaibh borbghloracha . . . bangdhlúithi (b.¤ dluíthe, v.l., TBC-LL¹ 3911 ), TBC St. 3238.

Cf. 1 bang.

1 bárc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bárc or dil.ie/5400

 

n ā, f. (cf. Lat. barca) b.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 39 (91.21) .

(a) bark, ship: bārcc a barca, Corm. Y 108. i mbāirc, 115 . barc .i. long, O'Cl. saer lerlong ┐ baircc (? leg. barcc) ┐ curach , Laws v 104.1 , glossed: .i. for na bi imrum .i. na serrcinn, 4 Comm. lucht na bairci, i 128.15 Comm. ind oenbarcc (of the Ark), SR 2536. barc fri beithi (in `Ogam n-eathrach'), Auraic. 6133. i mbraine na báirci, BDD² 515. cetheora barca .xxx. . . . ┐ tricha in cech báirc, LU 1278 (H.). cid as dech do ríg ? . . . bárca do thochor i port, Tec. Corm. § 1.25 ( LL 343a24 ). a fín b.¤ (sic leg. ?) for tondgur fland, LL 7189 (`wine-barque', Hail Brigit 11 ). do chriaid ḟir na báirci (of Tuathal Techtmar), 37770 . barcc gu muinib, IT iii 241.215 . na bárca bronnfairsinga, CCath. 1445. Luimneach lethanglas / frismbarca ben `which beats against barks', Ériu iv 154.2 . coblach mor do longaib ┐ do barcaib, Ann. Conn. 1338.4 . i n-urlár éinbháirce (: tráichtte) on the deck of one ship, DDána 107.1 . In nn. loc. Inber na mB., LL 24169. Rinn na Báirci, CF² 97.

(b) Fig. of (perh. boat-shaped) structures on land: a barc brainech na tor tromm / . . . / ba tu relec na fian find (to Brug na Bóinde), Metr. Dinds. ii 12.41 ( LU 4157 ). Barc Crimthainn Nia Nair (one of the Dindgnai in Broga, the others being Long ingine Foraind etc.), Dinds. 4. Long na Láech / frisanabar Barc Ban mbáeth, Metr. Dinds. i 18.58 . Ailech nImchill os cech áit / dia do báirc bir-chinn. . . . `sharp-crested stronghold ', iv 96.46 . romúrsetar Báirc ṁBresail. Báirc-sede feda nemchrínda doringned ic Bresal, RC xiii 40 § 10. Of a territory: Tir da Locha . . . / barcc reil ro hetrocht, Auraic. 5107.

? Moisi minn os betha barc (: Isaac), SR 3865. fo betha barc, 2819 . Note also: a hadbai Ailig / . . . / a bairc moir Mide / . . . / a crich Breg, Ériu viii 68.33 .

Of a prince or warrior: Aed Ailig uill / . . . / barc hordain áin, IT iii 21 § 62. Brandub barc i mbatar sluaig, LL 7239. Bran Berba ballglaine, / bārc thacid thriūin, Bruchst. 8 § 9 ( IT iii 14 § 31 ). greit ríg / . . . / barc bodbae (of Lóegaire B.), LU 8608 (rhet.). Cf. Húa Conaill . . . / bá b.¤ maone bá muir neccna (of Colum Cille), ZCP viii 197 § 13.

Compds. With noun: bárccuideachta ship's company, DDána 89.9 .

With adj.: tar muir mbarcláin (barcglan, v.l.), BS 30.9 . barr būadach bárclethan / lethas dar sōerchlanna of wide ships (?) (of Colum Cille), ACL iii 218 § 8.

With adj. derived from noun or vn.: barcbhuailteach (?), IT iii 97 § 158. sluagh . . . bárclibernach `ship-possessing', MR 214.y .

barrgal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. barrgal or dil.ie/5435

 

Forms: barrgar

n also barrgar (1 barr) what may be cut off, cropped (of plants, corn, etc.), toppings (of trees): do-[g]niter cretach curach . . . do barrghur tṡoilech `willow-branches', CCath. 2377. ic comhtuargain bharrghair na crann, 2529 . no gluaised in ghaeth barrghar in doiri `treetops', RC xiv 42.14 . ar bennaib is ar barrgail, Bruss. 5100, 52 cited Contribb. 183 . barrghail arbhair `the offing of corn', P. O'C. barrghail crann `the branches of trees', ib.

1 bruinnid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bruinnid or dil.ie/7124
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: bebárnatar, bréisiu

v (see GOI § 549 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 478 ). Pret. 3 p. bebárnatar, LL 13445 = Études Celt. v 156.2 ( GOI § 687 ). springs forth, flows; darts, rushes: cuich gela . . . / intu no bruindis bannae, SR 4347. síar cach ndiriuch brunnes (a well), LL 3832. cora mbruinned fo thír, 21148 (cf. Dinds. 26 ). brunnid fer fuil (rhet.) the blood of men gushes (?), 12095 . forsa mbruinnet cóic bannai `onto which five drops well up´ Ériu lii 143 . bruindit [b]ioulair `spring', K. and H. 15. lestar óir airegda / asa mbruintis balct[h]onna (of Colum C.), ACL iii 218 § 6. conacca in curach n-adbal no bruinned dochum tíre `a . . . boat bounding toward', RC xiv 402 § 9. Trans. bruindit srotha srúaim de mil `rivers pour forth a stream of honey', Imr. Brain 36. bruinnith araile díbh bréo don teni forsin mac mbeg `darts a flame of fire on', Cóir Anm. 54. mac Bricrend ro brunned bla who generated fame (?), LU 10555 (H).

Vn. bréisiu and 3 bruinned.

caur

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caur or dil.ie/8406
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cur, corad, curaid, churaidh, choraidh, curaidhe, churadh, curadchomhlond

n d, m. Also cur (see GOI 51 ). ? g p. corad, Fél. Prol. 167 . Later n s. curaid. g s. in churaidh , Duan. F. ii 52 § 74 (see Gloss.) d s. ón choraidh , PBocht 13.27 . n p. curaidhe, ML 14.12 . f. in: an churadh nár thláth (n s.), Párl. na mB. 2285 .

Warrior, hero : roart c.¤ , Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 25.10 . cernach c.¤ , Corp. Gen. 9.8 . no daimtis cauraid cára, 283.11 . dál inna caurath, LU 8750 ( FB 56 ). sian caurad (feat of Cú Chulainn), 5972 (TBC). do neoch ba sruthem . . . inna caurad, 4980 = ina churad, TBC-I¹ 491 . in c.¤ cétach, Metr. Dinds. iii 154.33 . nar c.¤ rus romaith (.i. trenfer .i. daghlaech), Ériu ii 3.5 (B. na f.). déca a churadu co mbríg, LU 3600 ( SCC 30 ). ni faigebasu curaid caín . . . bádam fiusa, 3912 ( 42 ). dollotar . . . a triur churad, 9037 ( FB 79 ). is cur caín cathbúadach (of Cú Chulainn), 8956 ( 71 ). cach curaid a gleó, ACL iii 227.37 . da chur ┐ dá chainnill (of Castor and Pollux), LL 31110 ( TTr. 295 ). fo chīch curad / crēchtaig, Sc.M² 15 . cur cat[h]ach, Corm. Y 398 . ? C. cona churu (cor dar curu, v.l.), Anecd. i 49 § 20 . roordaich curadu (curaidh, v.l.) croda re cathugud, TTebe 2715 . Uilliam Congcar [cur gan locht], Aithd. D. 38.17 . ? Cf. in cuir cruaid, Fen. 220.8 . i n-aimsir na gcuradh ┐ na Féine, TSh. 5754 . in c.¤ ┐ in cathmilid, TTr.² 27 . cauraid cholma, Rawl. 84a41 . ceann na gcuradh gcaithinnilte, DDána 89.13 . a mír churadh is chugam do díorghadh, Keat. Poems 1595 (see compds.).

Attrib. gen. warriorlike : a céim curad, MacCarthy 178 § 4 . a adhuath errad ┐ a chruas churadh (of Hercules), Stair Erc. 1348 . i n-a c[h]rom-ruathar c[h]urad, ML² 277 . gurab eirghe curadh / bidh ulad cech cúile, BNnÉ 308.y . dá shúil churad, RC xiii 82 § 89 . fled chaurad a feast fit for warriors, LU 8795 ( FB 59 ). 8821 ( 62 ). míad curad cathbúadach, 3847 ( SCC 38 ). As n.pr. m.: Cáur mac Da Láth, LU 5987 (TBC). .u. Caurith, 6522 (TBC).

In compds. the form is curad-. With nouns: curadchomhlond ` heroic conflict ', TTebe 3098 . curadmír warrior's portion : Incipit Fled Bricrend ┐ in Curathmír Emna Macha (title), LU 8038 . do thabairt in curadmire do neach díb, 8972 ( FB 72 ). go dtarla imreasan fá'n gcuraidhmhír idir Chonall Chearnach ┐ Choin gCulainn, Keat. ii 3072 . With adjj.: i nDruim Chetta churadchoem of the fair warriors, RC xx 138.17 (ACC). cuingedha curadhcúisecha ` hardy warriors ', ZCP vi 29.15 . See cora(i)d, 3 curach .

cen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cen or dil.ie/8581
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cin, can, gen, gin, gan, chen, cen suidib, cen(a)e, cena, cenut, c(h)enae, cenuib, cenaib, c(h)ene, c(h)ena(e), ceni, cheana, cenae, cenco

later cin, can, gen, gin, gan (usual modern form). Prep. with accus., leniting. See GOI 111 , 273 , 501 . chen, Sg. 75a1 , 78b2 , 147b3 (so also chen(a)e (see below) regularly in Sg. as against c- in Wb. and Ml., see Thes. ii 154 ). With dat. cen suidib, Ml. 20d3 , and cf. cenaib with 3 pl. suff. pron. below. With accus. in class. lang.: a bheith gan bhú (: chlú), O'R. Poems 252 . In later Vn. constructions of the type: gan an bás . . . do dhol, TSh. 2703 takes noun in nom. (`takes art. + noun in the form of nom., as verbs do', TSh. Gloss.). See TD 3.15 and note. Duan. F. iii s.v. gan.

For usage of late MSS. in matter of follg. lenition see Aithd. D. s.v. gan. cuiridh `gan' séimhioghadh, gion go ttuigthear do gháoidheilg ┐ gion go habuirthear (sic) d'ogham é, IGT Introd. § 7 . In class. lang. does not prefix t to ṡ, §§ 67 , 70 . Note alliteration in: mé gan ṡeise ó ṡain a-nall, DDána 77.3 , gan ḟolta gan imreasainn, 70.16 .

With suff. pron. in O.Ir. only (apart from 3 s. cen(a)e, cena, for which see below), and rare even here with no forms occurring for 1 s. and pl. 2 s. cenut, Wb. 6b25 . 3 s. m. and n. c(h)enae. 2 pl. cenuib, Wb. 9c2 . 3 pl. cenaib, Ml. 20d4 . Later with follg. indep. pron. (in 3 pers. é, í, iat).

Orig. on this side of (see GOI 501 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 197 ), hence apart from, besides etc. (see I(a) and III below). The usual meaning at all stages of the language is without, deprived of, not having, -less. Freq. with follg. Vn. with which, in its verbal function, it serves as neg. particle (see II).

I

(a) apart from, besides, except : atá brithem and cenutsu gl. omnes enim stabimus ante tribunal Dei, Wb. 6b25 . atá brithem lasuidib cenuib-si gl. Deus iudicabit, 9c2 . tāthut bith[ḟ]laith . . . / cen a tír i fail do rúaim apart from, Hail Brigit 26 . cé atchetha óinchairptech / . . . / fil mór d'echaib . . . / cen suidi (-e, v.l.) nad aicci-siu besides him, Imr. Brain 39 . ni ettis nech cena domanches except in the case of, LU 3488 ( SCC 26 ). i n-atconnarc . . . / bes atcoad cena slúag in the absence of his army(?), 3323 ( SCC 11 ). cen airitin a cobsen `short of receiving his confession', Mon. Tall. 147.30 .

(b) without, not having, -less (of things, objects, persons): buith cenchlaind, Ml. 23d12 . buith cen chomaccomla, 28d6 . buid cen sétchi, Wb. 10a17 . cen intertpersin, Sg. 161a4 . ni farcbad nech cen dire la Fēne, BCrólige 56 . ro sai cen usci `returned without water', RC xxiv 198.11 . nī anab gan é fēin, Fianaig. 80.4 . bheith don Bhanbha gan bhuachail, TD 10.19 . cin cennaib, cin tsúilib, Maund. 174 .

(c) With noun as in (b) and follg. prep. indicating position, accompaniment, possession: cennech n indib són `without anyone in them', Ml. 131d7 . cenchaille fora ciunn, Wb. 11c9 . cengutai ṅetarru, Sg. 7a4 . cen chonsin re n-os , 105b5 . cenbriathra leo, 215a6 . cona rabi aithles . . . cen mac i n-inad a athar, MU² 133 . gan cheó ortha acht aghaidh each, TD 11.12 .

(d) With abstracts (incl. vnn.): cennach n-astud, Ml. 15a15 . cen fodrúbu gl. sine deflexionum moris, 22a6 . cennach n-indlach gl. sine ulla interruptione, 32a1 . centosach cenforcenn, 110d15 . cen chumsanad gl. sine intermisione, Wb. 25c23 . trechosc conacarbi cenchinta, 27c6 . cen ḟortacht indanmma aili (with subj. gen.), Sg. 30a2 . eitir codlad ┐ cen cotlatt `whether he be asleep or awake', Mon. Tall. 152.4 . dia lleictir can imcoimet `if (such women) be let go without guarding', BCrólige 37 . In sense of unimpaired by, untroubled by etc. see LU 2294 - 99 ( FA 35 ). cen nach tairmesc netir, Hib. Min. 9.279 . bás . . . cen bethaid, PH 4320 . tilid Éirinn gan ainimh, TD 10.11 . 'n-a adhbar rīg gan [fh]resabra, ML² 30 . gan í without it (umhla), RSClára 158a . gan iad, 104b . gan amhrus undoubtedly , Párl. na mB. 6 . gan mhoill immediately , 164 .

(e) With fis: cen fius scél uáibsi `without tidings from you', Wb. 25a5 . cenfius dúib, 25c4 . cen ḟis cen airḟis, Anecd. i 3.8 ( SCano 50 ). cen a fis doibsom `without their knowledge', Mon. Tall. 146.31 . gan fhios do féin unknown to himself, unwittingly , Párl. na mB. 1385 . gurab gan fhios do ionnsuidh Samson na Filistínigh unexpectedly , TSh. 767 .

(f) Freq. in verse in chevilles and quasi-adj. phrases: ind fir cen uaill, Blathm. 13 . slóig Íssu cen escur, Fél. Prol. 63 . regmi cen nach díchiul, 291 . ceithre fedha, fāth gin gheis . . . , ZCP viii 107.10 . slōg ōss a ucht cen nach socht, 108.15 .

(g) With abstr. and follg. preposition: cen fortacht nachaili oco, Ml. 53a9 . cenfochraic n dam gl. infructuosse, 91b5 . cenchol, fair, 93d1 . nā bī gan gart at gnīomh nglē, ZCP viii 109.9 . cen smacht ríg forro, LU 3441 ( SCC 21 ). ó dho bhí tuigse . . . ag an duine . . . ┐ gan í anois aige, TSh. 2909 . dia mbeth gan do righe la C. acht na nai righa . . . `if C. had no realm save . . . ', ZCP i 402.19 .

II In a variety of constructions with vnn.

(a) With Vn. with verbal force, the whole phrase having the value of an adj. or adv.: nísechmalfam ní and centadal, Ml. 25a3 . canim[ebol] lib ambuid [li]b cenprecept doib ref. to ignorantiam enim Dei quidam habent, Wb. 13c17 . it cairigthi inmaicsi et intuistidi cendethidin dissi `when they do not take care of her', 28d22 . cen tairmthecht opersin dialaili gl. intransitiuum, Sg. 189a7 . uar rombi ind fit . . . cin cumscugud, Mon. Tall. 147.14 . téora bliadna doib . . . cen teacht as, Anecd. i 11.24 ( SCano 356 ). fada an treimhse ataid re a chois / gan tocht dá dtíribh, TD 4.38 . soinend no doinend na haimsire do bidh gan techt, BCC 416.18 . fá h-ár gan áireamh it was a slaughter incalculable, ML 130.24 .

(b) With Vn. and obj. gen.: cenaéitsecht gl. non . . . audire, Ml. 21b11 . batrom foraib són centíchtain átíre fadesin they were distressed at not reaching their own land, 34d12 . cen foraithmet ananmae . . . dam gl. ut etiam uocabula eorum obliuioni tradam, 37c13 . cen a chomallad gl. sub Lege (fuerunt), 76a15 . cid atobaich cendílgud cech ancridi gl. quare non magis iniuriam accipistis? Wb. 9c20 . cena aetarcne riam gl. sine praeiudicio, 29a20 . cenacomol naich aili do gl. `ipse' quoque in tertia persona per se, Sg. 197b17 . cen imcabáil . . . cum nobis do epirt, 203a8 . cia beith cen (gin, MS) gabáil n-orbai, Críth G. 69 . cen a coisecrad `without being reconsecrated', Mon. Tall. 153.15 . ō ro-gabus gāi im láim nad-raba cen guin duini I have never failed to slay a man, Sc.M² 16 . bi gan a thabairt do not swear it (an oath), PH 7343 . gan oba gliadh, TD 26.40 .

(c) With follg. noun or pron. and prep. DO with Vn. (for case of noun in later lang. see above): foilsigthi feisin cen ainm dothórmuch fris `without the addition of a noun to it', Sg. 211a8 . ma ro látar ce[n] ní do ḟacbáil leo, Ériu xvii 66 § 4 . afuine . . . / cenachnáma dobrissiud, SR 3904 . in fer nār c[h]otail énoidchi ríam gan maithes Gall da innluccud da dúintib, ZCP viii 111.13 . ata recht ocaind .i. cen luige do thabairt, PH 2684 . can T. . . . do thegmail dó, TTebe 987 . gan é d'áireamh oramsa, TD 14.9 . Similarly, without vn.: trágh. ráth . . . , inann ┐ so sís acht gan so sís do bainindscne except that the following are not feminine, IGT Decl. § 38 . gan mé aniogh san mhín mhaighrigh since I am not(?), Studies 1921, 568 § 23 . With follg. acht in sense of except that, only , etc.: gan acht coibhche . . . do dháil di `provided he gave her a marriage-portion', Keat. ii 4642 . gan é acht i naois óiglenaib still of tender years, O'Gr. Cat. 381.13 . gan acht neart aoidheadh orra, Content. xxx 26 . do-ghéubha tú sail ad tshúil féin 's gan achd brodh a súil Pharaon only a mote, Mac Aingil 904 .

In a number of exx. in the early lang., and with increasing frequency in the later, the clause introduced by cen assumes the character of a nominal clause functioning as the subject or object of a verb, as a case governed by a preposition, and occasionally even as a genitive depending on a noun. For class. lang. see the analysis in TSh. s.v. gan.

(d) As subject of a verb: isingir lem cenchretim dúib, Wb. 4b28 . isaithiss doibsom cid anísiu .i. cenprecept dondaís anfiss their failure to preach . . . discredits them, 13b11 . cen buith i bar ṅgnáissi / is mór fodom-glúassi, Fél. Ep. 375 . ba imned la F. cen acallaim na ingine F. was anxious to speak with the girl, TBFr. 155 . fonascar fair can tudecht, LU 5943 . mad dia m-beith at cumang, a ben, ol C., in ghein fil fat bruindi gan a breith có abhárach, RC vi 175 § 55 . ba dogessib conculainn cenadall fulachta diachathim, iii 176.17 . ba col cen a choemna not to protect him, Gorm. March 15 . ata is-in recht cen mnái do gabail i fhiadnaise, PH 2794 . nár dhamhsa gan dol red chois, TD 14.32 . an cóir gan síodh d'fhagháil uadh? Aithd. D. 63.5 . is truag duind gan E. acar n-imdidin, Stair Erc. 745 .

(e) As object: fobithin adrimet som deit su armelacht cen arṅ ditin ni `not to protect us', Ml. 129d22 . madh ro achtaigh cín ar, ┐ rohairedh, Laws iv 132.25 . fonaiscid C. forrosom cen curadmir do chosnam, LU 9025 ( FB 77 ). na lécob d'Ultaib cen taidecht lim, MU² 182 . foracaib . . . can a n-uilc do dígail dóib, LU 3117 (see Duan. F. iii 8 - 9 ). cid fodera . . . cen Crist do-t furtacht-su?, PH 738 . asbert an file fris cen ní don bradan do tomailt, RC v 201.23 . gan chrích Néill fút ná fulaing, TD 6.16 . do cheannuigh Dia . . . / gan mo bheith i mbrugh Ifeirn, Dán Dé v 45 . mar do chonn-cadar cliatha na Cruithnigh gan iad féin líon cathuighthe ris that they were not strong enough to fight him, Keat. ii 1779 . orduighmid . . . gan labhairt dona Sethrachaibh `that the Sisters keepe silence', RSClára 102b .

(f) With vbs. of forgetting, preventing , etc. the prep. merely reinforces the meaning of the main verb: arnabé anfochell leu cenatlugud buide diasoirad so that they may not neglect to return thanks, Ml. 117b7 . cenasechim gl. uestigia relinquere, Sg. 30a20 . rothairmisc . . . in scel sin fa P. . . . gan sid re brathair, TTebe 2767 . a Bhē-binn, bean ar do mac / gan mhnāi trīallfas dó tochmarc, ZCP xiii 167.1 . léigfeamaoid dínn . . . gan teacht tarsa, TSh. 294 `which we shall avoid treating of', Gloss. tug i ndearmad gan maith na n-Éireannach do mhaoidheamh he has forgotten to, Keat. i 56.25 . nīr dhermait . . . in doirseóir gan in custam d'iarraidh ┐ d'fagáil `the keeper did not neglect demanding and receiving it', Fl. Earls 90.5 . Cf. Ml. 25a3 cited under (a).

(g) As case governed by prep.: tré gan rabhadh do chur dho through failing to warn him, Content. xvi 71 . fá gan fearthuinn do dheanadh, Donlevy 440.30 . déinig faire . . . chum gan tuitim a ttemptásion so as not to enter into temptation, Párl. na mB. 789 . maille ré gan é d'fhaigsin, TSh. 6387 .

(h) As gen.: d'easbaidh gan an creideamh do bheith aca because they have no faith, TSh. 4784 (where gan merely reinforces meaning of easbhaidh). The phrase introduced by gan is technically gen. also in: rún do ghlacadh gan tuitim to resolve not to fall, Donlevy 448.19 .

III With suff. pron. 3 s. m. n. c(h)ene, c(h)ena(e), ceni, cheana (usual mod. form). On O.Ir. cene, cenae see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 346 . In class. verse may be stressed or unstressed, Aithd. D. 25.19n.

(a) In more or less literal sense in addition to it, without him or it, besides, apart from this. As shown by occas. exx. of cenae referring to f. or pl. nouns the word had even in O.Ir. begun to have the force of an indep. adv. besides, in addition, moreover, anyway . In literal sense: huare is lán chiall indib chenae gl. uerba non egent casu, Sg. 140b3 . ní laimtis cena they dared not omit to do it, Sc.M² 20 , cf. ní étaim-sea chena I cannot help it (gan a dheanamh, v.l.), TBC-LL¹ 6080 . cía nocarainn cách chenae besides him, Liad. and Cuir. 24.21 . nícon bíad cenae, 24 `without him . . . it will not live', Murphy Lyrics 35.10 . ceni beth nach aili isin tig cenae acht hé a oenur, BDD² 1086 `any other save he', Gloss. ní fuil aurlabraidi . . . leo chenae besides him, MU² 986 .

(b) In more general sense: cenitormastar homéit istrom cenae ho aicniud in any case, Ml. 20a20 . bamór fechtae cenae `there were many times besides', 39a3 . legi enim Dei non est subiecta (of sapientia carnis) .i. atá dethiden fuiri cene `besides', Wb. 3d34 . barafie dúib darígente cene cenimmormus nachmór, 11d5 . apronomen asberr eiusdem ┐ cach pronomen dono chene `besides', Sg. 203b1 . os me chene am faelid `I too', Thes. ii 293.25 . at-béla chenaeo (sic), BDD² 1438 `in any case', Gloss. sáeilim nem cena I am looking forward to heaven as it is, BColm. 68.22 .

Following f. and pl. nouns: ni reccar ales dano epistle uáibsi arrofitemmar cene `without it' (ref. to epistil, f.), Wb. 15a5 . runsluinfemni didiu cene fanisin (ref. to epistolis), 15a4 . etar fileda ┐ áis ṅdénma sairse chenae `and other artists', Sg. 212a11 . atethatár eóin damsa chena other birds will be caught for me, LU 3276 ( SCC 7 ). ní lamhat eonu na fiadhmhilu cena beth for an sliab sin `nor other wild animals', ZCP i 254.6 .

(c) Hence of actions and states of being already, previously : nírecat . . . les tintuda . . . ataat iltintudai leu cene, Ml. 3a14 . tanice-side céne `He hath come already', Wb. 4d26 . adib eolaig and cene, 33c19 . ar biid iouis cene nominatiuo , Sg. 99a3 . ar ní thucad dó chena hí, LU 3168 . ag feoilgherradh in ridiri ata marbh chena, Stair Erc. 758 . cheana `alwaies' (= hitherto, Ed.), RSClára 81a . ? Cf. cheana no archeana .i. o sin amach, O'Cl.

(d) More vaguely as adv. of asseveration moreover, indeed, of a truth, then, so (see PH, TSh.): ni réid chene, Sg. 238b1 . saībse, céni, i m-bith chē, Imr. Brain 45 `moreover', Murphy Lyrics 39.13 . ní boí isin bith frisa samailte chena there was indeed nothing with which it could be compared, LU 3378 ( SCC 16 ). ceist cena . . . cid as áil dúib?, MU² 332 . ó racuala in maith cena, cid ar ná cechlaind in saith?, Airne F. 237 . cia airm itá do thigerna-su chena ale?, TBC-LL¹ 1418 . ní fitir in challech nach do fhoigdi chena tánic in giIla that it was not simply to beg the servant came, Ériu i 132.81 . leicem as ar n imram . . . acht in chonair beras ar curach sind cheana, YBL 87a44 . nocha lám chena ná cos / do géba, O'Gr. Cat. 367.17 . an chloch cheana . . . on the other hand, TSh. 64 . gidhedh chena, BCC 124.30 . With ocus at beg. of sentence: ┐ chena bid lat ┐ lad chlaind co brath in rigi, RC xxiv 200.14 . ┐ cena ni . . . , TTebe 4293 . V. freq. with prec. acht: acht chena is . . . , LU 3914 ( SCC 43 ). acht chena ro-diultais etc., PH 601 . acht cheana do ghabhadar etc., Párl. na mB. 3947 . acht atā ni cena moreover, ZCP viii 111.14 .

Cf. archena, olchena.

IV Freq. with follg. co as conjunction without that, though . . . not, in some uses replacing O.Ir. ceni. Not found in O. Ir. glosses. See Phil. Soc. Trans. 290 § 56 . cenco is perh. rather to be explained from *ceni-co, O'Rahilly, Celtica ix 113 - 34 . In class. Ir. gion etc. go (see DDána), which appar. no longer felt as containing the prep. cen (gan). Form somet. influenced by cían (céin), q.v.

(a) without that, apart from the case that, because of the fact that not (with indic. and subj.): bid messu dúib . . . céin co tísaid lim it will be the worse for you if you do not come with me, LU 8082 ( FB 6 ). ní eicsind uile cenco cumhsanaind icca aisneis ria mbrath I could not relate it all short of keeping at it till doomsday, Ériu ii 136 § 120 . gén cu taibre ar hanmuin / let a talmain nisbera short of giving it (worldly goods?) for your soul, 228.17 . cumma lem etir / cen co tīas ilLaighnib I care not at all if I go not into L., ZCP viii 110.8 . cóir, cen co beth biad ocut `right then is it that food should fail thee', PH 1312 . nír bó toil do A. sin, gen gur triall la hI. do Roimh A. was unwilling not to go with I. to Rome, BNnÉ 4.25 .

Usually though . . . not.

(b) With indic. Rare in older lang.: cenco n-acatár though they did not see (her), LU 10010 . cín co fetar cia tu though I don't know who you are, RC v 200 § 15 . achd gin gur fheith iad, DDána 3.29 . comhla gen go bī (sic leg.) rem baeis, ACL iii 236 § 9 . gion gur chomhmaoidh sin though she boasted not of it, Dán Dé ii 5 . gion go ttuigthear do gháoidheilg ┐ gion go habuirthear d'ogham é, IGT Introd. 5.1 . gin co fuil, CF² 585 . cin co híbhitt na Serrisdínig fín, Maund. 61 . gin cur chaith . . . caithfet-sa `though no one has eaten', Ériu iii 158 § 10 . génco faicidhisi é, RC xxiv 371.26 . gion go ffaicfit mo chorp . . . docífitt m'fiorta ┐ mo miorbuile, BNnÉ 267 § 235 (fut. replacing subj.?). Cf. gion go bhfaicfear (-cthear, v.l. ). Dán Dé v 35 .

(c) With subj.: acht ropom airdricse, maith lim cen co bend būan acht ōenlāa even though I should live only one day, TBC-I¹ 572 . cen cop mōr mo thuasa, Mór M. 6 . cen co pat comṡáeglaig, Airne F. 19 . cenco n-essara though you eat not, Sc.M² 3 . as a rad ata a nadmaim cin co be saying untruthfully that it is . . . , Laws iv 52.30 . cian combat lia iar n-umir though they be not more in number, Rawl. 70b22 . ra raidsebair cenco tucaind ar áis doberaind ar écin that I would take it willy-nilly, LL 7685 ( TBC-LL¹ 150 ). cia fogabad cenco fagbad whether he got it or not, 7328 . cen co dernad, CRR 18 . cinco dernadais na Masilecdha do maith . . . acht . . . if the M. did no other good than . . . , CCath. 1751 . gion go dtí riomsa . . . / Dia do dhearmad, Dán Dé xxv 9 . do rígh gion go rabhtha id mhac even wert thou not a king's son, DDána 91.15 .

Occas. with loss of negative sense: gion go mbiadh gnúis gheanamhail . . . ag fear na ceilge though the deceiver should have. . . , TSh. 8965 (see Vocab.). atá ár sáith d'íoc againn gin gurab deired dúinn féin taréis na deithbire so `though immediately upon termination of this quarrel we ourselves too made an end', Caithr. Thoirdh. 119.24 .

cíabat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cíabat or dil.ie/8976

 

ind fichtibh curach cechuing trichait troichet cíabhat (: fíadhatt), ZCP viii 197.8 . Metri gratia for cubat?

1 cingid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cingid or dil.ie/9131

 

Forms: cinnid, rocindset, cindis, cingiu, c., cingith, -cing, cinges, cinces, ciṅges, cinnges, cengair, -cengur, cengar, cengmai, cingme, cenggait, cengait, ceṅgait, -cengat, cengta, cengtai, ceṅgtar, cinged, chinged, ro-chiṅged, cindtis, cingsiu, cind-siu, ciṅg, cing, ceingeth, ceis, ceis, ceset, ciasair, cessair, cessed, chessed, ceised, cesead, cesad, cichsi, cichseo, cichis, cichsithear, cicsimiu, cichsit, cichsett, cichsot, cichside, cichsed, cichtis, cechaing, chechaing, ceuchaing, ciuchaing, cheachaing, chighsiom, ciseadh, céimm

v later cinnid ( cinnit, LU 3598 ( SCC 30 ), rocindset, BB 47a15 . cindis, TBC-LL¹ 3777 ). For quality of root vowel see GOI 49 . Ind. pres. 1 s. cingiu, AFM i 330.16 . 3 s. c.¤ , LU 3830 ( SCC 37 ). 5732 . Laws i 10.26 . cingith, LU 6331 . -cing, Bruchst. 121 . Ériu i 122.22 . Rel. cinges, Cáin Ad. 26 . cinces, Ériu xvi 181 § 19 . ciṅges, Thes. ii 253.10 (Stowe Missal). cinnges, LU 8317 ( FB 23 ). Pass. cengair, Laws iii 26.15 . -cengur, i 266.6 . cengar, Auraic. 573 . Anecd. v 26.7 . 1 p. cengmai, ZCP xii 404.10 . Rel. cingme, LU 4704 . 3 p. cenggait, RC xx 138.13 . cengait, LU 6177. 2088 . ceṅgait, TFerbe 238 . -cengat, BB 260a61 . Rel. cengta, Metr. Dinds. ii 40.57 . cengtai, IT i 77.11 . Pass. ceṅgtar, LL 20148 . Impf. 3 s. cinged, Bruchst. 114 . no chinged , LU 8912 . ro-chiṅged, RC xxiv 176.24 . 3 p. no cindtis , Anecd. i 60 § 88 . Impv. 2 s. cingsiu, LU 5182 . cind-siu, TBC-LL¹ 3298 . ciṅg, MU² 51 . cing, O'Cl. 3 s. ceingeth, Thes. ii 248.6 . Subj. pres. 2 s. ro ceis , Rawl. 62b2 (see ZCP xxii 32 ). ? dian ceis , O'Curry 2273 ( Eg. 88, 20b ). Cf. aracae ? ?3 p. dian ceset , Laws iii 20.12 (cf. O'Dav. 505 ). Pass. s. ciasair, Cóic Con. 43.1 = cessair, ZCP xii 362.2 . Impf. 3 s. cessed, Corp. Gen. 282.y . no chessed , LU 6844 . na ro ceised , BB 205a1 . cesead, Todd Nenn. 144.1 . ? cesad, Ériu i 118 § 8 . fut. 2 s. cichsi, YBL 173b51 . SG 80.3 . cichseo, LL 13833 (see GOI 412 , Hull, Language xxiii 423 ). 3 s. cichis, Corp. Gen. 410.7 . LU 10372. 5506 . RC x 224.165 . Pass. cichsithear, O'Cl. 1 p. cicsimiu (leg. -mi, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 492 ), ZCP xii 404.10 . 3 p. cichsit, ZCP xiii 379.3 = cichsett, ZCP iii 463.y . cichsot, Ériu xvi 146.17 . ? Rel. cichside, Corm. 29.16 . Condit. 3 s. cichsed, LU 8298 ( FB 22 ). 8320 (20). 3 p. cichtis (for cichsitis ?), Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 10.1 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. cechaing, Fél. May 22 and passim. ro chechaing , Ériu iv 140.12 . go ceuchaing , Anecd. ii 54.14 v.l. ciuchaing, do cheachaing , O'Cl. Later with f-fut. and s-pret. Cf. chisigh, Ó Bruad. iii 164.11 . chighsiom, Content. xxii 8 . But these forms, as also Vn. ciseadh, IGT Verbs § 71 , may belong to a difft. word. Vn. céimm.

(a) steps, paces, proceeds, goes : ciṅgis C. co mbái etc., TBC-LL¹ 1947 . cechaing Corrgend . . . / co romarb Aed, Metr. Dinds. iv 102.3 . cing mál .i. cémnig . . . innas as dligthechu, LL 24294 ( RC xxvi 16 § 15 ). cechaing iarum C. co ro gab longphort oc Muaid `then he marched and pitched a camp by the Moy', RC xxiv 178.5 . ba C. costadach cindiustair, 282.2 . cingset ina ccath co ffi, Leb. Gab.(i) 216.17 . ín cet bean calma ro chínd / roghabh Banba ri nd(h)ilind (of Cesair), BB 22a11 . Cf. mōr līach rocēstar int ṡlūaig, Bruchst. 103 ( ro cecht ar an tsluaigh, AFM i 480.14 ). cingit, Auraic. 1287 .

(b) With Vn. céim in figura etymologica: cechaing céim as dírgu (of a saint), Fél. Mar. 20 . a Eochaid . . . arafolmaider ardchricha Cuind ciṅg ceim, Corp. Gen. 80.3 . rochinset a céim curad trod their victorious way, LL 14985 (`covenanted his chief champions', MacCarthy 178.9 = rocindset, BB 47a15 ).

With other nouns: cichis reím roirge ind rig, RC x 224.165 . mairg cingis in rēim rod-sain, ZCP vi 265 § 15 . fri cétchesad na conaire cengait (glossed tiagait), LU 2088 ( FA 15 ). conair cinnius in muadmacaem `wherefore does . . . come', MR 292.y . conad aire sin ro chinnesdair sin an treas lem luthmar lan-edrum, LL 410a13 . fichtibh curach / cechuing trichait / troichet cíabhat (of Colm Cille), ZCP viii 194 § 4 . cingis treabh Iūda . . . / in sēt n-ingantach, RC xxxvii 347 § 43 . Cland maic Cairne, cengta róe `who stride through the battle-field', Metr. Dinds. ii 40.57 = ceṅgtar, LL 2014 = ceang do rói, O'Cl. (cf. Hermathena xiv 471 ). déca a chairptiu cinnit glend, LU 3598 ( SCC 30 ). ra chindsem ceird comdana (Fer Diad to Cú Chulainn), TBC-LL¹ 3543 . cechaing thondaig tresaigh maghain mongaigh rónaigh (of Colm Cille), ZCP viii 197.5 .

(c) With prepp.: ceingeth ass, Thes. ii 248.6 . cach mac ina chinaid / c.¤ ar chel dies, Laws i 10.26 . c.¤ iarom for rindriis na mbera amal én, LU 5732 . Fear fí for caei cengustar, BB 380b9 . co Críst cechaing sathe (of saints), Fél. Jan. 25 . July 23 . co cóic sétu cingit, Laws iv 340.z . cechaing de sin D., Anecd. i 58 § 68 . de ilṡlúagaib cengat, LU 5476 = cengad, TBC-I¹ 999 . cengat cen chomfoirbb don chathrōi `let them march', Ériu vi 122 § 12 . nír chiṅg din tress, TBC-LL¹ 4047 . ro cingset [do]cum na sruth, CCath. 2573 . caidhe an sról do chinn fad chorp `that girt thy body', A. Ó Dálaigh xliv 7 . cech bradan . . . no chindedh suas frisin coraid, RC xxvi 136.27 . mo dá brattán cen terbba / cengta fri srotha sirti, Trip.² 1286 . diambad mé nochinged ind `when I was wont to wander thither', Metr. Dinds. iii 314.1 . cechaing 'sin báig / i ndáil dígla (of woman warrior), 184.24 . cechaing dias isan mag-sin, Anecd. i 53 § 25 . cingthe secha `he went past them', ZCP iii 212 § 24 . cingset seach tuind crichi / Frangcu, Todd Nenn. 132.9 . cichse a Temair tar fert a fert fogamraig, SG 79.w . cíndit tar cuan fatultaibh, IT iii 91.y . a arrad na holloirbe / tresacing cach caidh which all the pure climb (of Mary), Ériu i 122.22 .

With adverbs and adv. phrases: cechaing súas, Fél. Oct. 9 . cengsat na coin na díaidh (after a pig), Dinds. 74 ( RC xv 474 ). cengsat siar `they fared westward', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.33 . no cinged . . . fot n-aurchora on cathraig, LU 9136 ( FB 88 ).

(d) overcomes, surpasses, excels, exceeds, etc.: flaith fīal Finne / ro das cinne Níal cían Caille `overcame them', Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 42 ( LL 23658 ). cruimther cluana cáidh ro cinn excelled, SG 25.12 . Usually with prepp.: a mathuir na firinne / rocindis ar cach, Ériu i 122.16 . is é Crimthand chinnes ar cách / co fáth fuilech, LL 6468 ( dar cāch, RC xxxvi 263 § 18 ). ar cosnumh creach / cinnidh ar taoisech gach tuaithe, Magauran 3488 . ceand na ttreabh, treabh ar nār cind[e]adh dwelling never surpassed (of Heaven), ZCP xiii 13.25 . tigerna chinnes ar Dubán, CF² 1105 . a Dhé, go gcinnear orra, Measgra D. 78.12 . ro chinn an t-iolar ar uathadh the many defeated the few, AFM iv 996.15 . dias do Gaidilaib . . . do chind . . . do chach uli, Ann. Conn. 1281.4 . Corbbán, rochind for crábud `surpassing in piety', Metr. Dinds. iv 340.13 . ar chleith gCláire nír cinneadh / ar áille deich ndoinningean `unsurpassed for the beauty' (of chieftain), Magauran 4141 . cinnid for cach comlann `obtains the victory in every battle', MR 54.7 . ro chindsetar ar mnáib Eirenn a ndruineachus, Acall. 7311 . co ro cinnset a ccoimhrith foraiph (of horses racing), BNnÉ 325.32 . ra chind ar a chomdinib / im gáis im gasced im gart, TFerbe 641 . ri caisil do chínd os cach, BB 270a16 . Caiseal do chind os gach cind, 19. dochinn . . . tar gach aon, IT ii2 151.770 . ro chinned . . . dar triath bhuidnib togaidi in talman, MR 114.y . don chia rocing tar gach māl (.i. don fer do chēimnig tar gach file), ZCP v 489 § 13 (B. na f.).

? cobluth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? cobluth or dil.ie/9831

 

n (-úth ?): ech . . . c.¤ , LU 8666 ( FB 50 ) = coblúth, 10208 . Trínóit hi seilbh / siächt c.¤ caoin conúalath, ZCP viii 197.17 (cf. coibled ?). coblod n-áne (cheville), LL 4916 . c.¤ .i. curach no long beg . . . ut est c.¤ for rot ramat, O'Dav. 478 (cf. 1 coblach ?).

1 coca

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 coca or dil.ie/9861

 

n is c.¤ (cocal, v.l.) láimh re luing mhóir / . . . / mná Gaoidhil 'na goire soin, LBranach 6050 `a small boat , cf. Engl. cock, cock-boat . Fr. coque', n. c.¤ .i. curach no cocbhád, O'Cl. ionann . . . ceasa ┐ naomhóga nó coctaoi, Keat. ii 2244 . orggain coccae sea-raid , AU i 310.4 . (See Contribb. 405 . Or leg. coctha?).

1 codal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 codal or dil.ie/9961
Last Revised: 2013

 

n ā, f. c.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 37 (codail proscribed form). Cf. codal a cutilia .i. a pelle , O'Mulc. 231 . hide, skin (of animal): codhul .i. seithchi, Ériu xiii 68 § 83 . sench.¤ fria chnes, LU 9185 ( FB 91 ). cét c.¤ (: drech-ṡolam), Metr. Dinds. ii 60.7 . corrbolg cruaid caidle 'a hard leather bag' ZCP xxxvi 71 . Freq. of hide as outside covering of curach : hi curchán cen choduil, Fél. Dec. 8 = O'Dav. 442 . a codhle cruth `in der Form der Botshaut', Snedg. u. Mac R 9.10 . coidlib treidhe with three hides, Anecd. i 52 § 15 . fri curach codail `in a coracle of hide', ZCP iii 42.2 . indara choduil inichtarach(a) `one of the two lower hides', RC xiv 54 § 66 . Perh. the curach itself in: écin na clíab ┐ na codla (penalty for fishing on Sunday), Ériu ii 208 § 29 v.l. Note also: F. cadail is cruitte (metri gratia? : agair) `of the bag-pipe', Metr. Dinds. iv 72.48 .

As n. pr. C.¤ crín-chossach, Metr. Dinds. ii 2.17 .

Compds. With nouns: do gniat . . . curaigh . . . do croicnibh ┐ cadhal-bolccaibh iomchuir na húire inflated skins, Leb. Gab.(i) 116.25 . Cf. a ccadhal croicenn (leg. ccadhalch.?) do chor im shiothslataibh . . . do dhénamh curach diobh, AFM vi 2314.10 . With adj.: lucht curaig codhailglain, BB 22b43 ( Leb. Gab.(i) 16.6 ).

cóic

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cóic or dil.ie/10037
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cúic, ch-, cóic-, cóec-, cáec-, cúic-, cóc-

Indecl. num. adj. Leniting in nom., accus. and dat. (see Bergin, Ériu xi 226 ), nasalizing in gen. ( GOI 242 and UR 54 ). Later cúic and ch- (see Párl. na mB). Frequ. written .u.

Five . As adj.: do[naib] coic cetaib, Wb. 13b1 . forsna coíc riga, Ml. 127d6 . anman nacoic cathrach, 104a4 . c.¤ deich cóica `five tens, fifty', Sg. 4a5 . dobeir na c.¤ ṡéotu, Críth G. 162 . c.¤ thoísig, LL 895 . c.¤ caiptil uasail, Fél. Prol. 327 . cūic cōicidh, Sc.M² 23 . cóig nuadhorais (: róid), Aithd. D. 83.4 . ag caitheamh na gcúig n-aimsear, 98.4 . cúig dhíne, DDána 50.11 . c.¤ dhoirrsi, IGT Decl. ex. 410 . cabhair ciaigh mo chóig gcéadfadh (: póig), DDána 67.31 . fíneáil chúig bponnt, Párl. na mB. 516 .

Absol.: a c.¤ , Críth G. 355 . a cúig ┐ cúig an dísle, Bard. Synt. Tr. 231.14 . a cúig, TSh., 1370 . In compd. numerals: cosnacoic anmanib sechtmugat, Ml. 38b2 . fo choic sechtmogat `seventy five times', 2c2 . coic bliadni deac, 16c10 . coicmíli ochtmugat archét, 24b17 . re cuic lá deg, Stair Erc. 1194 .

Composition-forms cóic-, cóec-, cáec-, cúic-, cóc-(?), cúc-. ¤díabul: brat cóicdíabail, LU 3286 ( SCC 8 ). bruit corcra cōicdīebail 'purple, five-folded mantles', BDC 106.44 . ¤díabulta: brat corcra ... coicdiabulta, Anecd. i 2.13 ( SCano 29 ). bruit chorcra chōigdhiabhalta 'purple, five-folded mantles', BDC 226.61 . lia cloichi cóic-druimneach, Ériu iv 152.16 . core coecduirn `five fists deep', RC xii 84 § 89 . coiri caecduirn, YBL 177a16 . cōicdornn fuillechta di ōr ara druim (of a shield), TBC-I¹ 2791 . Cf. cocdhurn .i. sgiath, O'Cl. ? coigeas .i. cóig éisi .i. cóig slighthe, ib. ? cuclanna set .i. iiii ba ┐ samaisc, O'Dav. 474 . See cuicliunn : cuicliunn .i. cuic leth uinge, O'Curry 95 ( H 3.18, 67 ). in cúicraith cétach estate consisting of 5 `rath's, Ir. Recht 67.y , 70.19 . sleg cóicrind, five-pronged, LU 7081 (BDD). sleg cuicrind, TBC-LL¹ 5350 . Cf. coigrinn .i. cóig reanna, O'Cl. slegui coigrinnie, IT iii 238.106 . da ṡleigh coigrinnaithi five-pronged , ZCP viii 550.3 . dá roth chóiri cóicrisi (second element uncertain: ? leg. cóic-crisi, Sayers Études Celt. xl 85f. ), LU 9261 . coicroith oir `five-circlets', RC xii 60.17 . ar cheirnn cúicroith, BDD² 1036 . scíath co cóicroth óir fair, 674 . Cf. cocroth .i. sgiath, O'Cl. ? cōicriuth co mbūale umæ `a shield with five circles', Fianaig. 14.4 . ? gu cogroth, MU² 535 v.l. dí nóe chúicsesschurach, LU 7200 (BDD) = cōicsess, 7221 (see Bidrag 44 , O'Dav. 478 ). Read: chúicsess five-benched boat, five-bencher ( curach was originally a gloss) BDD 111 , Celtica viii 102 . ? Cóicsius Focherda (n. loc.), 6241 (TBC). gne naill . . . do hechred: cuícsrethaid having five lines (a metre), IT iii 56.4 . asin chóicthigi[u] adidngíallna, Críth G. 355 `from the five houses', Notes. coictriall triur, Ériu xiii 23.22 .

See caiclámach.

coidlide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coidlide or dil.ie/10097

 

Forms: caidglinne

adj io, iā (codal). Also ca-. of hide, leathern : clardha caidhlíghe a curach , BB 24b18 = caidglinne, LL 549 . dī chūarán corra c.¤ `of hide', MacCongl. 9.23 . gus in cris coidligi, MR 300.2 . secht secheda coidlidi coirtchidi, LL 32531 (TTr.). co cind c.¤ cruaid lethair (of spear), MR 198.21 . i nDruim Chlíab c.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iv 8.10 .

See cadlaide.

1 comad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 comad or dil.ie/10570

 

[u, m.] vn. of con-oí (see GOI § 767 , Ériu xi 86 ) act of keeping, guarding, preserving : c.¤ cairddine `keeping treaties', Tec. Corm. 3.16 . is lais a c.¤ `it is for him to look after it', Ériu ii 204 § 24 . cian bas ch.¤, a choemo `so long as there be observance of the Fair', Metr. Dinds. iv 162.15 . h'urlabra i coma[d] ┐ ic coigeart breath nGæidheal `thy eloquence in guarding and correcting the judgements of the G.', Dinds. 40 ( RC xv 429.23 ). comalta ciuin an taisig triuin comtha curach , Anecd. i 59 § 76 . cuigear comtha smacht 'the five guardians of control', Leb. Gab.(i) 274.13 . Cf. comaid.

con-sná

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-sná or dil.ie/12315
Last Revised: 2013

 

v (snáïd): consna curach fri carpat, 'coracle sails together with chariot' Imr. Brain § 5 , Celtica xx 179 .

cráes

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cráes or dil.ie/12717

 

n o

(a) maw, mouth, gullet : c.¤ gl. gula, Ir. Gl. 92 . co ndechsad óen na rígthige inna cróes, LU 9104 ( FB 85 ). c[ros] C[ríst] tarsin craos[s]a, ZCP xii 387.4 . it chráes dachúatar dait, TBC-LL² 3710 . tatnit a cróes glomarchind, LU 8664 ( FB 49 ). an t-uball . . . / dochuaidh tar cumang mo chraois (said by Eve), Ériu iii 148 § 3 . luigi fir go nurslugad craois .i. in cainti, O'Curry 2597 ( Eg. 88, 50(51)d ). tar a cráesaib cogantacha `grinding jaws' (of boar), Fianaig. 66.6 . ba glomar a crais (craes, v.l.), TTebe 2064 . ili craosa / cuile fasa, ZCP viii 196.10 . Extended applications: tricha aigi ina chrōis (of a cauldron), Ériu ii 20 § 1 . craos an chuain the neck of the harbour, CF Eg. 299 . i crāes na hairechta into the midst of the assembly, ZCP xii 360.4 . hi crǽs curaich os tuind dulaigh in (the confines of) a boat, Anecd. i 63.2 . se hech a craesaib curach , BB 277a11 . fát chraos (of a tomb-stone), O'Rah. 68.y . Cf. a crāes in chorrbuilg, Fianaig. 50.14 .

(b) gluttony, excessive eating : minibed cróis nibíad étrad, Wb. 9d1 . ronort a cróis ┐ saint ` greed ', Imr. Brain 46 . o dhualaig in chráis, PH 4821 . seachain . . . / ar chraos . . . do dhéanamh, DDána 22.19 . cráos, fearg (in list of deadly sins), Parrth. Anma 3383 . craos na haoine (of eating meat), Ir. Gl. p. 156 .

Compds. With nouns: a craosbheol osluighthe (of monster), Maguires of F. 3 . i craescrislach in mara, CCath. 1445 . tancatar . . . amach on chroes-chró `stall', Todd Nenn. 56.9 . dar a chraes gin osluicthe, IT i 271.27 (FB Eg.). Criol mac Craoslíona, Anecd. ii 55.14 = lintaid, Rawl. B 512, 111b cited Plummer MS. notes. don crāes-lon bói i m-brága Cathail `demon . . . of gluttony', MacCongl. 103.5 . do chraoslongadh an chuirp to devour, BNnÉ 165.17 . a craosmhuscaetaibh cogúasta `yawning muskets', Hugh Roe² 228.21 . leis an ccráosól, Párl. na mB. 3215 . do-bheir craos-ruathar coitcheann fútha, TSh. 1164 . d'eagla a gcraos-shloigthe, 5690 . With adjj.: brain-eóin chraos-dearga, ML 130.18 . crécht cráosdomhuin ` gaping ', Ériu v 180.314 . tar an muir ccráosfhairsing, BS 100.6 . co carput chraeslethan chraesluath, LL 24861 . ilchoin . . . cróesmóra, LU 2418 . cona chreit chróestana chróestirim (a chariot), 6483 - 4 . cuirn chróes-tholla, Metr. Dinds. iii 18.234 . gristaig craestuib (dub) (of devil), SR 947 .

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