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Dáire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Dáire or dil.ie/14270
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: Daire, Daire, Dare, Dáire, Dáire, Daire, Dáre, Dáre, Dáre, Dáre, Dári, Dári, Dari, Daire, Dairi, Dairi, Dare, Dari, Dáire, Daire, Daire, Dairi, Dáire, Dáire, Dáre, Daire, Dairi, Dáire

io, npr. m, with long ā and slender r, not to be confused with Darae of different origin. It rhymes with gáire, CRR 6. 1 ; with báire, LL 158 a 24 : sáiset a mbáre dia brath: co tarb nDaire meic Fiachrach; with áine, ZCP iii 41 st 1 ; with cnámi, ib. 43 st 13 ; with náire, Metr. Dinds. iii 134. 12 ; with sále, Men. 24. 22 . There is no genuine npr. Daire with short a. Dáire went early out of use as a npr. In late MSS it is usually written Daire with un- accented a. Where Daire occurs in verse in connection with a npr. rhyming with a short syllable, it is the n.l. Daire, as MacCarthy 430 st 3 : Domnall Daire (: bladaide). The writing Dare is sometimes ambiguous as it may render Darae as well as Dáire. Dáire is the right form for the following npr.

Dáire: sé Dári, TBC-LL¹ 2682 LU (Dairi LL, Daire, late MSS); nói nDári, ib. 2694 LU, LL (Daire, late MSS).

Dáire the father of Eochaid Airem: g s. Daire, MacCarthy 302. 26 .

Dáire Barrach mac Catháir Móir the chief of the Uí Bairrchi. Dáire: Cóir Anm. § 40 ; fri Dáiri B., Leb. Cert. 194. 8 , 10 . Daire: Cóir Anm. § 40 . Leb. Cert. 194. 13 . Dáre: mac Dáre Barraig. Lism. L. 300. 14 f.b. Dare: Fíac...mac éside meic Ercha meic Bregain meic Dare (v.l. Daire) Barraig otát Oe Barche, Thes. ii 307. 3 .

Dáire Cerba: Dairi C., Cóir Anm. § 291 .

Dáire Dergg mac Findchado a wealthy man from Ráith Dáire in Armagh. Lism. L. 556 - 575 (always Daire). Dáre n s. Trip. 228. 6 , 230. 10 , 470. 27 , 472 pass. d s. do Dáre , ib. 228. 22 , 24 ; 472. 4 ; ó Dáre , 230. 5 . g s. ingen Dáre , ib. 232. 1 , 6 ; a s. 230. 3 . Dári n s. Trip. 228. 10 , 19 ; 230. 3 , 9 , 13 , 15 . d s. do Dári , 228. 16 . g s. 228. 26 . co Ráith Dari , 470. 26 .—Daire n s. Arm. Thes. ii 260. 41 ; 261. 11 . Lism. L. 556 - 575 . Dairi n s. Trip. 228. 8 ; Arm. Thes. ii 260 - 261 ; g s. de fabula Dairi , ib. 271. 31 . Dare n s. Trip. 230. 6 ; g s. ib. 228. 6 , 14 . Dari n s. 230. 20 .

Dáire Détṡolus rí Mara Toirrian: Daire D.¤ , CF 11 .

Dáire Doimthech mac Itha the father of the five Luigdig. Dáire: n s. Cóir Anm. p. 322. 19 . g s. maccne Dháire, ib. 322. 14 . Daíre: Cóir Anm. § 68 , §69 , 70 , 75 , 242 . Dare: Fianaig. 28. 16 ; 30. 14 , 16 , 18 . Daire: O'Mulc. 417 . Cóir Anm. § 69 .

Dáire Dornmar the father of Cairpre Cromchenn: mac Daire D.¤ , Lism. L. 1796 .

Dáire Dúr one of the nine compilers of the Senchus Mor. Daire n s. Laws i 16. 5 f.b. ; v 470. 31 . d s. do Daire 38. 30 . Dairi n s. 4. 9 . g s. 208. 11 . Dáire, Corm. s.v. noes .

Dáire mac Dedad the father of Curúi mac Dáiri. Dáire g s. TE § 1 Eg. do chlainn Dáire m. D.¤ , Cóir Anm. § 68 . Dáre: bás Chonrúi mic D.¤ , ZCP iii 41 st 1 (: áine); ib. 43 st 13 . Daire, Dairi g s. FB § 33 , § 41 , 79 . MacCarthy 286. 3 . Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 26 § 8 . BB 286. 3 . Cóir Anm. § 213 .

Dáire Dubchestach son of Guaire mac in Daill. Daire D.¤ , Dinds. 84 , v.l. Dáire.

Dáire mac Echach, Wind. Gr. § 4 (Fotha Catha Cnucha) Daire Derg mac Eachach Táobfota, Dinds. 32 .

Dáire mac Feidlimtheo: Daire m. F., TBC-LL¹ p. 401 n.

Dáire mac Fiachnai (Fachtnai, Fiachrach) a chieftain of Cualnge, the owner of the Dond Cualnge. Dáire: dam dond Dáire, CRR 6. 1 (: gáire). co Dún D.¤ , ib. 4. 7 f.b. ar Dáire, TBC-LL¹ 149 (LL). Dáre: i tig Dáre mic Fachtnai, TBC-LL¹ 89 , cf. 100 , 101 , 108 , 113 , 134 , 138 , 140 , 145 , 147 , 157 . Daire: feoil tairb Dairi mic Dairi Leb. Cert. 6. 4 ; 24. 2 . bó do Daire mac Fiachna, Dinds. 66 .

Dáire mac Forgo, LL 21 b 1 . Daire m. F., MacCarthy 280. 1 f.b. (BB).

Dáire mac Guill the chief of the Uí Guill of Corco Raide. Daire m. G., BColm. § 5 .

Dáire Sírchréchtach (Sírchrethach) father of the five Luigdig, Rawl. 155 a (cf. Dáire Doimthech, Rawl. 143 a ). Daíre S., Cóir Anm. § 67 .

Cf. Gaul. DARIACO-, n.l. from DARIOS, Holder 1241 . Cf. Dáireán.

didiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. didiu or dil.ie/16223

Forms: diṡuidiu, didiu, didu, didhu, dídu, diu, dī, din, dino, diu, dino, dano, d(h)e, Didiu, dī, dō

particle of transition = diṡuidiu (which is used for it FB § 6 ), see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 189 . Written in full, didiu: Wb. 1a9 ; 4a27 , c23 , d27 ; 8a4 ; 11b17a ; 15d20 ; 32c13 . didu: Wb. 8a5 . Hib. Min. 356 , 418 . LL 202a18 (: ¤ligu). BB 397a33 . IT iii 67.3 . didhu, BB 16b20 ; 355b30 = Metr. Dinds. ii 32 (: firu). dídu, SR 1224 . LL 102b38 (= TBC-LL¹ 6019 ). diu: TBC-I¹ 3564 . Hib. Min. 134 , 227 , etc. (reading of Harl.). Death-tales of the Ulster heroes, 12 . Corm. Y 1154 . RC xii 74.3 , 8 . Anecd. iv p. xii . BS § 3 . In Ml. and later MSS. however nearly always contracted dī and by earlier editors generally expanded as din (so always in PH) or dino (through confusion with dano), or somet. diu (SG); dni, AFM v 1552 . Expanded as dino in TBC-I¹ 422 , 428 , 434 , 462 , 469 , 472 , etc., where LU reads dano. Later also apparently d(h)e, see Ériu x 155 .

Didiu never begins a sentence. It always has reference to something preceding. Exceptions are only apparent, e.g. Corm. Y 1053 (where puincern has been introduced in the preceding article) and 568 (cf. 519 ). It generally follows a more or less emphatic word, often a noun or pron., but occasionally comes after ocus or nó at beginning of clause (esp. in PH); no dī may however = nō dō (= dano, q.v.).

(a) In logical sequence therefore, hence = Lat. ergo: nitat torbi . . . is diliu lemm didiu aní as torbæ, Wb. 11b17a , 4c24 . d27 , 8a4 , 15d20 . is mōir sléb[e] fírinne Dæ: cid ara fodmaisiu, a Dúaid, didiu a ndu imnedaib fodaimi? `why then dost thou suffer . . .?', Ml. 55d11 . biror .i. bir tibra . . . or .i. mong; biror didiu mong tiprat, Corm. Y 121 . Corbmac .i. corb .i. carpat. Cormbmac didiu mac carpait, 204 , cf. 519 , 851 , 875 , etc. do suidhiu ind erred isin charput as nomen a fochlæ . . . Fochla didiu cach suidiu n-a[i]rechda hence `fochla' means any exalted seat, 698 . cech fia[d?] . . . acht oenchrann ata dídu for riaguil every food therefore but one tree is under (our) control, SR 1224 . ba miscais lasin righain inti N., ar is dara ceand dorinde in rí fri Cairind he. Ba mor didu dochraidi Chairinde oc in rigain therefore C. was very harshly treated by the queen, RC xxiv 190 . omnia ergo quaecunque vultis, cech maith din is ail lib, PH 5772 . Hence freq. in drawing a conclusion or moral: conid aire sin didiu napo chóir do neoch uabur . . . do denam, LL 279a33 . connach cóir d.¤ lenmain do sholud nó shénairecht, 281b29 . conid ferr do neoch d.¤ a edprait don Chomdid andás dona dóinib, 286b40 (all concluding sentences of tales).

(b) Referring to someth. preceding, introducing an explanation or additional detail (freq. after a noun): rún inna cruche . . . Crúx didu ainm do gním in chrochtho, Wb. 8a5 . mali bare gare . . . Maile didiu .i. olc, Corm. Y 698 (p. 59) , cf. 604 , 860 . bói máthair mac Conaire la Neimed . . . In Nemed hé sin didiu bá ríg-briuga side now this N. was a hosteller, LL 292b1 ( Ériu vi 147 ). tanic aroli fer . . . Marcellus din ainm in fhir sin, PH 950 , cf. 2177 , 3114 , 3342 . is dó ranic inar Ísu . . . corccra d.¤ dath an inair sin, 2861 . Often nearly = for , Lat. enim: cruimther .i. goidelg indi as prespiter. Premther d.¤ a combrec sidie, Corm. Y 211 . Cathal nomen Britonis .i. combrec inn sin .i. catell. Cat d.¤ isin chombreic is cath in scotica Cathal is the Welsh name Catell; for cat in Welsh corresponds to cath in Irish, 206 , cf. 124 .

(c) As a particle of transition in looser signification: bói rí amra . . . Dagan a ainm. Ba mór d.¤ a chumachta, LL 245b43 . is amlaid doraiga intí Ísu Crist . . . Bid mór d.¤ a slóg . . . Is ar bēlaib int ṡluaig-sin d.¤ do aspenfa cách a gnímu, 280b26 - 27 . Common in sequences (often alternating with tra and other particles) = also, moreover, further: is andsin tancadar ina ferchuidreda . . . Is ann d.¤ sin thānic ind nōi carpait di ḟéindidib, TBC-I¹ 3536 . mōr do chētaib . . . mōr do churadaib . . . mōr do buidnib d.¤ robātar oca, 3408 . almsu dia anmain cetus . . . almsu din dia churp, PH 5977 . Ram a ainm ria tusmed chlainde do Abram imorra a ainm iar tusmed . . . Abraham din a ainm in tan dochuaid fo recht n-imdibe, 5684 , cf. 2267 follg., 6233-49 . rucsat bentachtain les on aide ┐ rofacsat bennachtain aice didiu, RC xxxv 204.20 . After ocus: ni bia fortamlus a namut fair . . . ┐ din nisbia tedmunna i n-a ḟlathius, PH 4284 . diar fhulang ┐ diar lessugud fodéin . . . ┐ din do shásad bocht, 6121 . ocus din fáth aile, 5473 ; 5187 . After nó: dia mbé do náma i ngorta . . . nó din dia mbé a n-ittaid, 6043 . doforne sin .i. na tri hetargna . . . no din na trí dána, 7082 . demin leo co mbad comthoitim dóib nó d.¤ inní robíad de co mbad hé a tigerna fén dofáethsad ann, TBC-I¹ 2433 . cia conualaind-se mo charpat ┐ Oen ara Conaill d.¤ ina charput and O. in his chariot as well, 3525 . docer la M. dā fer dēac dīibsom ┐ dā fer dēac dia muinter-som d.¤ , 2904 . adcomaing cach fer dīb biur n-indam-sa, adcomchusa a mbiur-sa tria cechtar de -seom d.¤ , 2826 . nicon bia a mbethaid, or seiside. Nicon bia-so d.¤ it bethaid, ol C. then you will not live either, 2771 . ni maith dait, or C., na leigi da marbad . . . Ni maith doibsom d.¤ epert ind uilc frimsa, 2780 . nir lam [Cairend] in mac do gabail cuici . . . ┐ nir lam didu nech do feraib Herenn a breth leis, RC xxiv 190 . In adversative sense, however: dolēicsed dūnad iarsin do M. ┐ ní gegain-side d.¤ nech dībsom, TBC-I¹ 2906 . dorad seirc dia leasmac .i. do Chorc; ro op d.¤ Corc a coimlebaid, Lec. 454c15 . Muineamon mac Cais . . . Is de sin aderar Muineamon .i. main for muinclaib. Maine Mór d.¤ robe a cétainm, Cóir Anm. 10 . Confirming a foregoing statement: dóig lim rombad hē Cethern mac Fintain; ┐ ba fīr sōn d.¤ and this was indeed the case, TBC-LL¹ 2761 . doringelt Cūrūi dōsom nād bīad . . . Dognith d.¤ and he kept his word too, 2967 . bid les . . . in forlāmus ┐ rīgi nĒrenn ōn uair-se amach. Ba fīr ón didu it turned out true too, RC xxiv 202 . an fil ceithern acut? Atát diu I have (indeed), SG 62 . tabraid cáirde na haidche anocht damsa! Dobéram diu, 56 . Common in statement, question, or command to connect with something already expressed or implied: Mait[h] didiu, a Bélchú well now, B., Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40 . airg d.¤, ol M., conris Síth Lethet go then, Imr. Brain i 53 . cid dia tutchad diu? why then hast thou come? RC xii 74 . cest diu, caidhe mo airrle-si l(u)at? ib.

(d) Often used to denote temporal sequence, then, thereupon: is iarum foruirmed mind nAileillo forsin coirthi. Fōbair-som d.¤ in coirthi, TBC-I¹ 2883 . is iarum conmelt foroib . . . Focheird d.¤ a sciath ina diaid . . . Roiadh in slōg imbi-som iarum, conmelt som d.¤ foraib, 2889 , 2891 . gabaid L. ríge nhErenn . . . Gabaid ríge nAlban iarsin . . . Gabaid d.¤ L. ríge Gall, LL 311b1 ff. rofoildsic Dia dosam sin . . . condubairt sa rann-so d.¤ , RC xxxiii 354 . etha ó hAilill co Ferchess . . . Fóidis d.¤ Ferchis, Fianaig. 38 . fri re Aeda genfius Tibraiti . . . Et cid bīas and d.¤ (iarsin, v.l.)? ol B. and what will follow? ZCP ix 457 .

do-ecmaing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-ecmaing or dil.ie/17523

Forms: do-nd-ecmaing, do-n-ecmaiṅg, tecmaiṅg, tecming, décmaing, tecmoing, doecmungat, thecmoṅgat, tecmainged, do-n-ecmai, do-t-eccme, do-ecma, do-m-ecma, nach-an-tecma, tecmai, tecma, dosnecmaither, doecmoised, do-nd-ecmised, thecmaised, tecmoncuir, teccomnocuir, to-nd-echomnuchuir, do-m-chaomnacuir, doecomnacair, do-coemnacair, teccomnacuir, docoemnacair, tegmocair, tecmongur, dorecmacht, dorecmaiṅg, forecmaing, barecmaing, rotecmaing, dorecmaingetar, doeccaim, doeccaimh, doecaiph, teccaim, fristegaim, teaguimh, tecmaid, teagmhuidh, nothecmad, tecmaitis, tecmadh, tegmad, dorécaim, doreccaim, doreagaim, barrecaim, barrecaib, arrecaim, tecēma, tegéma, teigeomha, do-ecmaic, doecmaic, da-ecmaic, do-nn-ecmaic, tecmaicc, tecmaicid, doecmaittsium, tecmang, tecmáil, d-an-ecmaing, tecmongar

v (* to-in-com-icc-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 555 ) Indic. pres. 3 s. do-nd-ecmaing, Ml. 54a7 . do-n-ecmaiṅg, Sg. 40a16 . tecmaiṅg, 9a11 , 29a1 . tecming, 161a1 . décmaing, LL 291b3 . tecmoing, AFM ii 596 , etc. 3 pl. doecmungat, Ml. 63c8 . thecmoṅgat, Sg. 2a10 . Impf. 3 s. tecmainged, Mon. Tall. 129.19 . Subj. pres. 3 s. do-n-ecmai, Mon. Tall. 146.19 . do-t-eccme, 160.10 . do-ecma, Laws iii 252 , ii 114 . cid do-m-ecma , IT iii 63 § 129 . nach-an-tecma, Fél. Jan. 10 . dia tecmai , Laws v 372 . dia tecma , v 166 , etc. ? dosnecmaither, O'Curry 2006 ( H 4.22 32 ). Impf. 3 s. doecmoised, Wb. 5d26 . do-nd-ecmised, Mon. Tall. 143.6 . thecmaised, 133 . Pret. 3 s. (depon.) tecmoncuir, Mon. Tall. 153.19 . teccomnocuir, Wb. 10a4 . to-nd-echomnuchuir (ch = cc), Cambr. 38a ( Thes. ii 247 ). do-m-chaomnacuir, Mon. Tall. 144 . doecomnacair, Trip. 390 . do-coemnacair, BDD 157 . teccomnacuir, Corm. Y 1018 = docoemnacair, Laud 610 . tegmocair, ZCP xiii 262.13 . Pass. pres. s. tecmongur, Mon. Tall. 162.11 . ?pret. s. dorecmacht, LL 273b5 .

Secondary formations. From pres. stem, pret. 3 s. dorecmaiṅg, TBC-LL¹ 2025 , cf. 1292 and Lism. L. 135 ; forecmaing, ib. barecmaing, LL 264b32 . rotecmaing, Lism. L. 175 . 3 pl. dorecmaingetar, IT iii 185 ( BB 260b49 , YBL 181b31 ). From subj. stems. Indic. pres. 3 s. doeccaim, CCath. 4907 , 5005 ( dos-feccaim, 3661 ). doeccaimh, AFM v 1870 , Hugh Roe 294 . doecaiph, Auraic. 4323 . teccaim, BB 435a44 . fristegaim, YBL 167b5 . teaguimh, IGT Introd. § 22 (9.14) . Later tecmaid, mod. teagmhuidh. Imperf. 3 s. nothecmad, LL 168a4 . 3 pl. tecmaitis, CCath. 5730 . Subj. impf. 3 s. ma tecmadh , ZCP viii 111 . da tegmad , BColm. 94 , etc. Perf. 3 s. dorécaim, TBC-LL¹ 116 ( LL 54b36 ), doreccaim, Hugh Roe 192 . doreagaim, MR 178 . barrecaim, CRR 23 , 36 , cf. TBC-LL¹ 4758 . barrecaib, TBC-LL¹ 2897 , 4631 . arrecaim, 2 . Fut. 3 s. tecēma, TBC-LL¹ 1265 , 1285 . tegéma, ZCP viii 213.5 . teigeomha, Proverbs xii 21 . A mod. variant of this stem is teangmh-.

Also do-ecmaic, giving indic. pres. (pret.?) 3 s. doecmaic, RC ix 456 . da-ecmaic, LU 1540 . do-nn-ecmaic, Fél. Dec. 24 . tecmaicc, LL 161a35 . tecmaicid, LB 158a53 . 3 pl. doecmaittsium, Anecd. ii 23 .

Vn. tecmang, tecmáil.

See IGT Verbs § 2 .

I As trans. vb. hits (a mark, etc.), strikes ; this is possibly the original meaning, cf. 2 ecmaing (see 1 ad-cumaing), or may be borrowed from the latter verb: gabais L. cloich . . . ┐ díbaircid dí conda ecmaic tar a luthain struck her, MU² 1049 . ba erchor tecmaicc, Metr. Dinds. iii 108 . conid-ro-marb ┐ décmaing a chend dé, RC xiii 460 .

II Like do-cuirethar, used as impers. vb. with accus. and follg. adverbial phrase or equivalent: d-an-ecmaing he happens to be (in a place, condition, etc.). Later the impers. constr. passes into a personal one, and in cases where the noun is sing. it is often impossible to decide whether it is subj. or obj. of vb.

(a) is menic dondecmaing it is often the case is such, Ml. 54a7 . acht dond-ecmaing a ní-siu gl. fortunae casu, Sg. 137b5 . doecmaic aní sin that may be so, RC ix 456 (do fomaing, v.l.). la dēcsin a chrotha gil | la cach n-ōin is indeithbir, | mina tegma (degma, MS.) . . . cēill n-āith n-airetraim n-imglain unless . . . sense be there (along with beauty), ZCP vi 267 . bid fāilid frim dām(īn]e | cia do-mecma cēt marcach though I should happen to be (accompanied by) a hundred horsemen (cét m. dat. of accompaniment?), IT iii 63 , cf. Bruchst. i § 166 . cingit chorma didiu intan do-n-ecmaic ni hebar deog di when it happens to be at hand (?), LB 9b40 . lom medc-usci ind domnaich ma tecme if it is forthcoming (?), Mon. Tall. 143 . da fítt chert chutrume cid mín cid anmín dondecme whether it happens to be delicate or coarse fare, 161 . conad air[e] nach lamaid daene a tadall acht mines-tegmad troich unless they should be persons doomed to death, Todd Nenn. 210 ( BB 256b49 ). bid na sūili dūnta muna tegmaidh osguilti go haicideach iad, 3 C 19, 72 va 11 . antand do-n-ecmaing aircend praindo when it is the end of a meal, Mon. Tall. 148 . ma teccmai lith laithe if it happen to be a festival day, Laws v 396 . mani teccmai Lugnasad, 406 . mad immalde fris doteccme if thou happen to be beside him, Mon. Tall. 160 . barrecaim Conall ir-remthús resna sluagaib, CRR 36 . is and barrecaib-sium in-airthiur Ái, TBC-LL¹ 2897 . gach cor nochuiredh dhe, nothegmadh frais do dhealgaibh sgiach ann there would be a quantity of thorns in any part of the bush he might move into, BS 22 . acht ma tecmadh secht tengta filed i cinn aenduine though there were seven tongues of poets in one man's head, ZCP viii 111 . ni roleicceadh tathamh . . . dona Spáinneachaibh doeccaimh i Rinn Chorráin who happened to be in R., Hugh Roe 294 (prob. impers.). da tegmad a Carnn ingine Briain he, Lec. 167a note. a n-aón-ionadh ina tteigeobhadh é, Ériu v 100 . isin deidendáil thennta i tecomnaccair a mbiodhbhadha aca in the strait difficulty in which they had their enemies, AFM vi 2280 . isin ccúil chumhaing i teacomhnagair i teannta occa n-esccairdibh, Hugh Roe 148 . Folld. by prep. denoting motion: muna dteagmha chuige catha coimthiugha, ML 134 . na déra dolécet . . . is amlaid hi tecma i n-ucht in Duileman they fall into, Ériu ii 194 (v.l., LB 202b55 ). co ttecomhnacair an ccraoisicch ccruaidhrighin hi tula édain don eoch, Hugh Roe 256 . condaecmaing dar leic a hochta do Ecsi (of a missile), Anecd. ii 54 . is edh dosfeccaim-si, i mmullach a sūlu cli do S. (of an arrow; saiget, f.), CCath. 3661 . a tecmadh isin muir dibh whatever (missiles) fall into the sea, 2014 .

(b) In follg. exx. vb. appears to be in pers. (and hence intrans.) constr.: combad i n-aimsir na nAed . . . no thecmad int anmanna sin this creature lived in the time of, LL 168a4 ( SG ii 480 ). co trascair . . . cach ni teccaim ar a ceann overthrows all before it (of a flood), BB 435a44 . an tan teaguimh .th. a ndiaigh .n. when `th' happens to follow `n', IGT Introd. 9 . feudaidh an sagart eile theagmhas do láthair an tAifrionn do chríochnughadh who happens to be present, Eochairsg. 122 . docoemnacair coirthe cloche fo chossaib Maicc C., BDD 157 (impers.?). gur gemel . . . doreagaim itir cāch dā curaid there was a fetter between each two heroes, MR 178 . cách hi crích a thíre fesin nó hi crích ina tecmai (hi tecma, v.l.) or any (other) territory he may chance to be in, Ériu ii 206 , cf. Anecd. iii 21 . itharna | mad dia tecma i l-lithadba should it perchance be in a feasting-hall, Corm. Y 69 . muna theagmadh lucht a freastail ina focraibh da ḟoiridin had not . . . been near to help him, CF 51 . teccomnacuir Find fecht n-and i Tethbai cona féin ┐ luid for cuairt selgae, Corm. Y 1018 (= tanic, LB). dorecmaingetar maithi fear nErenn ic ól fesi Temrach, IT iii 185 ( BB 260b49 ). intan tecaim in lán mara ac diraim, CCath. 1971 . doreccaimh díreim dia mharcslogh occ sireadh na n-oirer happened to be reconnoitring, Hugh Roe 62 . cidh be aga thegmonn fiabras whoever has a fever, 24 P 22, 183.4 . dá dteagmhadais airm agom if I had arms, MR 278 . co tecmaitis na marcaigh foena fo a cossaib were prostrate, CCath. 5730 . conid tecmaing cucci in fennid cétna, Ériu iv 22 ( LL 106a20 ). mongēnair ecclas . . . gos tecmaig fer grāidh eccnaid, RC xxxviii 346 . in tecmait dochum ifirn? are we going to hell? RC xiv 48 . gébé againn chum a teigémadh macám, SG 302 . tracht i tecaib tond, LL 147a11 (PRIA xix 546). imaseach doecmaitt-sium they come down in turns (of ebb and flow), Anecd. ii 23 . tecema il-laind a scéith will alight (of a missile), TBC-LL¹ 1265 . dia mad me notecmad tair, BB 407a41 . In follg. instances perh. pass.: fecht robaoi tecmongar celdag hi Cluain mac Nóis `there arose a contention', Mon. Tall. 162 . dorecmacht aenach i Taltin lais a fair was held by him, LL 273b5 .

III As intrans. vb.

(a) happens, occurs, takes place (pers. and impers.): ol donecmaing gl. quod accidit, Sg. 40a16 . donaib hí thecmoṅgat gl. de accidentibus, 2a10 . tecmaing amin it happens thus, 29a1 . dia cóicc mbliadhna seasccat . . . tecmoing sin, AFM 917 (ii 596) . riasiu tecma bēt nó pudar, Hy. vi 10 Comm. ( Thes. ii 351 ). mar 'tberad Midir, maith dit, | dia tecma if it come to pass (is done) as M. said, Metr. Dinds. iii 456 . madh ona cūsibh so tecmus an íta if the thirst arise from these causes, 23 P 10, 33a4 . gurob o spasmus . . . tig ┐ teagmaidh se (i.e. grinding the teeth), 3b54 . accidunt . . . morbi .i. tegmaidh a foirimill an cuirp galar, 58.1 . truag, a Dé, do tecgmais it has turned out ill, ACL iii 240 (= do-t-ecgmais?). Folld. by vn. phrase or subord. clause: tecmaing buith briathar huadib-sem it happens that verbs are (derived) from them, Sg. 156a2 . tecmaing a buith hi comsuidigud, 212b9 . doeigemud a mbeth ar in espuc a aenur it might happen that (these grades) were (united) in the bishop, Laws v 54 . mas re deithbiris doecma rucadh sis hi if it were through accidental necessity it was taken down, iii 252 . dia tecma comadh calma do S. inās duitsiu if S. should prove to be braver than you, Ériu v 152 . adubairt go ndeachatar . . . ┐ dia ttegmhadh nach raghdaoiss, Fl. Earls 24 . tecomnacair gur ro iadh nathair nemidhe ina timchell, Leb. Gab.(i) 196 . rotecmaing gur ben mu cheann re cloich, Lism. L. 175 .

With infd. dat. pron. happens to: ced donecmai bás ind if he chance to die for it, Mon. Tall. 146 . náchantecma drochrann, Fél. Jan. 10 . gidh dom thegmadh, ZCP viii 544 . domchaomnacuir airisem hi fothrucud I chanced to stay in the bath, Mon. Tall. 144 . dus in fesad int imned do-sn-eacmaing, RC vi 174.22 (YBL), in n-imniuth do-tocoemnacair, ib. (Eg.). ciped dosnecmad on tráth co araile whatever should befall her, RC viii 150 . is ē beirius a domuine ma dosneacmu, Laws ii 284 Comm. (if it fall to him? but perh. -sn- is here fem. accus. pron. referring to domuine, vb. being impers.; cf. ib. 114 : ma dosnecma dí, i.e. dont ṡáire).

Generally folld. by DO (FRI): foditu chruche . . . am[ail] tondechomnuchuir dundaib abstalaib, Cambr. 38a ( Thes. ii 247 ). amal bid dúib doecmoised as though it had happened to you, Wb. 5d26 . inna fochaide ┐ inna n-ingramman doecmungat dūnni gl. accidentium, Ml. 63c8 . ni do cach brēthir tecming persona not every verb is personal, Sg. 161a1 . tecmaing dond folud hísin gl. qualitatis (i.e. the category of quality is added as determinant to that of mere substance), 30a17 , 18 . maith in cherd gaiscid donecmaic do Choinc[h]ulaind, TBC-I¹ 1699 . go tteacmhann do gach aon dip in fortūn . . . bhus toltanach la Dia, Fl. Earls 180 . budh maith tegmas dí good shall befall her, ZCP i 125 . do innis dóibh . . . gach nidh do theangmhadh dhoibh, ZCP ii 550 . um gach éinchinnemhain notheigēmadh dhóip, Fl. Earls 60 . d'egla go tteigeómhadh a leithéid so do chás dhuinn, Mac Aingil 109 . do thionnsgain sé na neithe do theigéumhadh dhó d'innisin dóibh, Mark x 32 . teicēmaid toirc[h]es duit ┐ bēra dā ingen, ZCP vii 308 . na mna . . . do nach tecmand clann, 23 P 10, 35a60 . ní teagmand clann di, 23 Q 5, 46.38 . mac cleiriuch dia tecmai oen inna cinath-sa who happens to commit one of these sins, Ériu vii 170 . is and barecmaiṅg dóib sin bith ar múr Temra, MU² 362 . da tegmad dam dul ar leth, BColm. 94 . tocaomnacair do Diarmaid ┐ do Blathmac . . . conid eiter a lāmaib rothathamir Cúrui , Mon. Tall. 153 . da tecma don curp allus do teacht de if the body should happen to perspire, 23 P 10, 6a25 . With FRI (RE, LE): urcoid teagmus re bunait na fethedh which occurs to, 23 P 10, 4a16 . cipé tan no tecmudh frit amal dorala do-som, ZCP iv 390 . do digail an anndligid forsin foirind fris tegaim ferg De, YBL 167b5 .

(b) Esp. is or comes in the way of, meets with DO, FRI, AR (FOR). As in the case of do-cuirethar the construction here seems to have been orig. that of a trans. impers. vb., cf. the follg. exx.: cach inad a tecmad clanna Néill dá chéili ┐ Connacht[a] wherever the Clan N. and the men of Connacht met each other, SG 50 . nā tegmad thū do nech inā nech duit, RC xii 348 . cia bith ara tecmainged dóib, Mon. Tall. 129 (do-ecmaing dom ar . . . I meet). doregaimh araill (sic leg.) don gasraidh tul i tul do he encountered a band . . . face to face, Hugh Roe 156 . robeired coscar do na huilib rígaib nothecmad ris, SG 391 . romuigheadh rompa for na sluaghaibh teagmhadh riu, Hy Fiach. 22 .

With personal construction: teit in fer . . . ┐ tecmhaing rón dó he came upon a seal, Lism. L. 1640 . in lucht tiagait tar dorus Dúid amach . . . tecmaicid drochut doib, LB 158a53 . is dóigh leo . . . gurab í an comuirle is ferr tecmus dóib `that the best counsel befalls them', Maund. 21 . aroile ridire . . . tegmaic doib-sen forsan sét, Fl. Earls 134 . tecmaid . . . Muire mór do mnai Jacim, ACL iii 244 . an t-ionnad at-teagmha dhuit ailbhín do thorcaibh, ZCP ii 552 . co rothecaim dó annsin tor he chanced to come to a tower, Lec. 602b24 . iss andsin barrecgaim echlach . . . do Chonchobar, TBC-LL¹ 4758 . doecomnacair dremm do Bretnaib doib, Trip. 390 . doreccaim dhó for a chinn aroile duine, Hugh Roe 192 . dorecmaingetar triar do-sum ag im[decht] na conairi, YBL 176b1 . teichemhaid laech dhuit ar an sligid, Lism. L. 3456 . teccemhaidh occ-laech . . . don ti bherus mo chorp-sa lais, BNnÉ 94 . an céadchrann do theigéamhadh dhó the first tree he should find, Keat. ii 2686 . beannughadh do chrois ┐ don comharsain an tan theigéumhaid dhúinn, Parrth. Anma 17 . secip foradhchnoc . . . i n-a tteicemadh imat snechta ┐ oigridh dó on which he should find a quantity of snow and ice, Fl. Earls 192 . With FRI: tegmaid gilla Bríain . . . re gilla Taidg, ZCP viii 231 . doeccaimh cobhlach na bainrioghna friú, AFM v 1870 . gerbó mor an glenn nothegmadh fris, BS 176 . teigemhad sa friut iar ttriochad bliadhan, BNnÉ 103 . teagmhadh mathghamhuin ré duine let a bear meet a man, Proverbs xvii 12 . dá teagma riut duine maith, O'Gr. Cat. 119 . do ghalaraibh le at-teagmhaidis diseases they might meet with, ZCP ii 550 . With AR (FOR): ní cian dochuaid innte in tan tecmaic ar in ndúil diablaide, SG 290 . na srotha . . . an trat[h] tegmas talam lac soscailti orra when they come to loose soluble soil, Ir. Astr. Tr. 40 . nó cu teagma ort nuimir óir na bliadna-sa until you hit on the golden number, O'Gr. Cat. 303 . nó co teagmad ort an silla atái d'iaraidh, 300 . imthigem in cruindi . . . co tecema forn an maigden till we find the maiden, Grail 3248 . ná cotail . . . dia tegmad drem folaid ort lest an ambush fall upon thee, ZCP vi 272 .

do-ingella

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-ingella or dil.ie/17906

Forms: tingellaid, tingell, tingellad

v (*to-in-gell-). Later as simple vb. tingellaid. IGT Verbs § 80 . promises: tindgellaid si a degdigail fair, RC xi 444.31 . tingell cach dialaili a genass co comristais, 23 . darindgiult (darindgult .i. rogellus, LU) do Meidb I have promised it to M., TBC-I¹ 1552 . doringelt Cūrūi dōsom nād bīad i cōimthecht in t[s]lōig, 2966 . ní rachomaill Cúchulainn anrothingell .i. Emain do loscud, RC xix 418.36 . rothingéll A. . . . co roissed lais, Alex. 783 . rotincell Ciaran Saighri in scel cetna prophesied , Cog. 10.18 . donindgell dia chobair isind úair sin, Imr. Brain i 43.11 . i feib rotingill a dé | roingrim na cristaide as he had promised his gods he persecuted the Christians, Lec. 47a31 . táncatar na daimh . . . amail rothingell int aingel, SG 237.23 . doringheall i mbaoi ina chumhang do maith do roind friu, Leb. Gab.(i) 196.1 . rothingheall sidhe pardún dó, AFM v 1420.17 . rothingeallsat diaroile gan sccaoileadh . . . as an innell sin, 1644.16 . rothingheallsat dhō co ttiocfatis lais, ZCP xiv 224.4 . na seoit rotingellta ann, Laws iv 36.24 Comm. tingellais Aodh flaith nDe dósomh ind, BNnÉ 328 § 54 . tingealluis mar in gcētna, Fl. Earls 114.29 .

Vn. tingell, tingellad.

3 má, ma

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 má, ma or dil.ie/31164

Forms: ma, mai, mad, ma, mararubart, ma, matchím, matchí, mani, mini, mane, mana, maine, meni, min-e, -a, mun-i, -a, masam, massat, masat, másat, mas(s)u, masa, maso, mas, más, manid, matu, madam, madham, mainba, munbáam, madat, madit, mádat, mad, manip, menip, minab, munab, mat, mainbet, manibat, menbat, menbadat, mad, mainbad, mainbed, manibad, manibbad, manipad, manibat, manibed, menbad, manbad, munbad, matis, ma, maniptis, má, muna, má's, máiseadh, madh, munab, mun-, mur-, murab, mura, mur, mur, ma, manas, masad, masdod, munid, manid, manip, munab, má, masu, manibad, mainbad, mad, mad, má

conj. if. Synopsis of forms in O.Ir. and Mid.Ir. (forms found only in latter are enclosed in square brackets):

A. With vbs. other than copula: ma (Glosses): má, Ml. 85d6 , freq. in Mid.Ir.; mai, AU 617 ; [mad]; folld. by deuterotonic verb-form; lenites follg. cons. (but cf. ma rrufeste, Wb. 9c8 ) and sometimes prefixes h to follg. vowel. Elision before follg. a is rare: mararubart (= ma ararubart), Ml. 112b5 ; matchím if I see, TBC-LL¹ 3357 , matchí if thou seest, 3353 = TBC-I¹ 2592 , 2587 . With neg.: mani; mini, Wb. 9d1 ; [mane, mana, maine, meni; min-e, -a; mun-i, -a].

B. With copula:

(a) folld. by indic.: pres. 1 s. [ masam, CCath. 596. ] 2 s. [ massat, LU 6971 = BDD 62. masat, PH 4708. másat, BS 100.13 .] 3 s. mas(s)u. masa, Ml. 108a16 , 118a5 . maso, SR 3497 (mafo MS.). [mas, más]. (neg.) manid. 3 pl. matu hé, Wb. 2c14 .

(b) folld. by subj.: pres. 1 s. [ madam, Acall. 800. madham, CCath. 4210. ] (neg.) mainba, Wb. 17c10 . [ munbáam, Acall. 1071. ] 2 s. [? madat, TBC-I¹ 2641 = madit, TBC-LL¹ 3442. mádat, TTr.² 1801. ] 3 s. mad; (neg.) manip [menip, minab, munab]. 3 pl. mat, Wb. 28c21 , Sg. 189b4 , CRR 5 , Laws ii 324.6 , 362.25 , 382.2 (all text). [ madat, ZCP viii 217 § 2. ] (neg.) mainbet, Wb. 11c5 . manibat, Ml. 24c1 . [ menbat, LL 265b36 = MU 26.27 ]. impf. 2 s. (neg.) [ menbadat, RC xiv 426 § 47 ]. 3 s. mad (?). (neg.) mainbad, Wb. 4a20 . mainbed, 6c31 , 9b19 . manibad, Ml. 134b3 . manibbad, Sg. 17b8 . manipad, Mon. Tall. § 4. ? manibat, Trip. 78.18 . manibed, SR 4129. menbad, 4643 . manbad, LU 3771 = SCC 34. [munbad.] 3 pl. matis, Wb. 11a22 . 5b15 . Ml. 73d1 . 40c17 ( ma atis). (neg.) maniptis, 73d1 .

Mod.Ir. forms: má, (neg.) muna. With cop.: má's (mé, tú, é, etc.), máiseadh; madh (early Mod.Ir., now obsolete); (neg.) munab; in some dialects mun- becomes mur-: murab eadh, Luc. Fid. 325.10 ; mura mbeith, 259.5 ; mur bhfuil, 262.18 . mur ttaisbeunair, 284.1 .

I In O. and Mid.Ir. used in protasis of a conditional statement, if ; with neg. if . . . not, unless ; folld. by (A) indic. for a present or past condition, (B) pres. subj. for a future condition, (C) impf. subj. for a remote future or unfulfilled condition ( Thurn. Hdb. § 890 ).

A. With indic.:

(a) with vbs. other than copula. In O.Ir. when the follg. vb. has no infixed pron., ma infixes -d-, see Thurn. Hdb. § 425 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 537. ma chomalnit a ngrád . . . ma ru-d-choiscset a mmuinter if they fulfil . . . if they have corrected, Wb. 28c7 . ma du-d-esti ní . . . íccfidir if aught is lacking . . . it will be made good, 25a30 . ma du-d-ell ní if he has stolen aught, 22b7 . mani-d-chretid esséirge Crist . . . nib-noíbfea for n-ires if ye do not believe, 13b19 . ma du-d-rignius ní if I have done aught, Ml. 23c27 . rot-bia onóir ma fíraid duit . . . ind fissiu do fuaslucud, SR 3355. ma ro sárugus do smacht, 1403 . ma thecait Ulaid, ní theciub-sa, TBC-LL¹ 5019. ma ra-charais . . . fǽ lais if thou hast loved him, 4561 . má thánic a thrath, 3629 . ma do-s-gní Dia feirg fri re mbicc . . . dogēna ar comdidnad iarum, PH 6637. ma daronus-[s]a bar n-osaic-se, 5269 . mad cretid Crist, atber!, 448 . is peccad . . . do neoch cen aíne do dénam . . . mad conicc, 6029 . munob (mánop LU) gaib far nglindi unless your bonds hold you, TBC-I¹ 1515. at meirb mani-d-frescai thou art weak unless thou hope for it, Fél. July 19 . mani-d-cuala if thou heardest not of him, June 13 . mani chumaic nech iat do dénam, PH 4697

With the subst. vb. the form fil is used in 3 s. pres. in O.Ir. ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 641 ), but tá is common in Mid.Ir. ma nu-dub-feil i n-ellug coirp Crist, adib cland Abrache, Wb. 19c20 . ma nud-fil etir á foraithmet if there is any memory of them, Ml. 107d12 . ma nod-fil fer i nhEre, ZCP viii 311.34 . má ta nech icon cloich thall, SR 6157. ma tá ocaib 'sin dun . . . ┐ mani ḟail, TBC-LL¹ 1765. ma ta cumachta latt, PH 3871. ma tá ceol a nim, cid nach biad i talmain?, Acall. 3484. manas-fuil os an seolchrann if it is not above the mast, Leb. Gab.(i) i 256.

(b) with copula (generally used to emphasize some member of the conditional clause). masu du réir spirito ataaith if ye are subject to the Spirit, Wb. 20b16 . massu cut séitchi ro cretis . . . manid co séitchi ro cretis, 10a29 , 30 . masa choimdiu if he is lord, Ml. 108c16 . masu ed sluindes ind rann if this is what the part of speech expresses, Sg. 27a11 . maso ḟír . . . for ṁbith iarmui do Abram, tucaid uaib etere if it is true that ye are A.'s descendants, SR 3497. más co mbaraind debtha totháet, FB 46. mas iat benas in fid, TBC-LL¹ 1398. masa thú | demin limm isat lomthru, 3659 . masa mac Dé tu, slanaig tu fén if thou art the son of God, PH 2864. masat mac Dé iar fhír, apair . . ., 4708 . matu hé ata horpamin indí ro chomalnaiset recht if those who have fulfilled the law are heirs, Wb. 2c14 . masat Herennaig ┐ menbat allmaraig, isat Ulaid, LL 365b36 = MU 26.27 . mástat [= másat] carait . . . mastat námait, FB 84 = masad . . . masdod, ZCP iv. 172.33 . manid innonn forcital linn unless our teaching is the same, Wb. 17b32 . manid caindleóracht in tige as áil duit do chosnam, FB 92 = munid ZCP iv 175.20 . ni cian bai hIssau ic seilgc | manid gáu dó . . . mochthánic astsleib . . . mas e thuc in sére-se, SR 2866 , 2868 . The 3 s. ind. form manid passes early out of use, giving way to the subj. manip (minab, munab): mas o Dia ata in fhís-[s]ea ┐ minap togoethad diabuil, PH 1542. minab lór lett a n-abair . . . dféch thuas, 7639 .

B. With pres. subj.

(a) with vbs. other than copula. is deid som ma arí in fer-so maní n-airi immurgu ní deid if he find this man; if however he find him not, Ml. 30d24 . ma dugneu, 23c24 . mani bée dechur isint senmuim ni tucatar inna rríara, Wb. 12c43 . mani-s-mbe bethu suthin unless they have eternal life, 13b20 . mani eple de if he die not of it, Sg. 181a5 . ma ro-m-thoicther-sa . . . mani-m-rothcaither, Thes. ii 293.6 ( SP i 5 ). ma dorontar ón if it can be managed, Mon. Tall. 52. mani-mbé sēt sīrhettla, meni tabra dilgud dam, SR 2086. mani thetarrais issin chetforgam, ni thetarrais co fescor, TBC-I¹ 650 (LU) = maini tetarrais, YBL. mono thæth in ḟirmimint . . . nó mani thí in ḟarggi, TBC-LL¹ 5975. manu thisat, 4271 . moni digsid ass . . . no-bor-mairfither, IT i 75.3 . mairg dobeir seirc do duni | mene-s-tarda dia airi, SCC 44. mine rab déirc accum unless I have charity, PH 5910. mine fhacur-sa slicht na cló . . . ní chretiub unless I see, 6694 .

(b) with copula: mad hinunn a n-etargnae in chetnidi ┐ in dirṡuidigthi bid hinunn randatu doib if the notion of the primitive and that of the derivative be the same, they will have the same particularity, Sg. 188a7 . mad in chruth sin beithe if ye be in that wise (gl. pacem habete et Deus . . . erit vobiscum), Wb. 18b16 . mad marb duini . . . do chumaid . . . bid marb Iacob if any one should die of grief, SR 3601. mad hi cein . . . menip cían, 6125 , 6127 . mad nóeb ar-id-lega if he who recites it be holy, Fél. Ep. 178. mad ḟorum-sa bus róen, TBC-LL¹ 3750. mad iat fir Herend bes and, CRR 11. mád co féirg dothí C. . . . is amlaid coto-méla-ni, FB 52. mad amlaid seo dechsam d'airitin chuirp Crist (=si . . . accedamus ad hanc coenam sanctam), PH 5353. mat hé na briathra-sa forcane if these be the words thou teachest, Wb. 28c21 . mat anmann adiechta emnatar and is écen coma-comol if nouns adjective be doubled there a conjunction is necessary (but not in other cases), Sg. 189b4 . mat ruanaid if they prove valiant, CRR 5. ní torbe la suidib [precept] manip sulbair unless it be eloquent, Wb. 8a12 . mad aire chuinces sin . . . ┐ manip ar daig lessa, PH 7990. munba deóin le Righ na rann . . . munbo cairnech in craidhe, ZCP vi 268.11 , 12 . manibat fer[r]-som de (gl. si non . . . fecerit meliores), Ml. 24c1 .

The form mad (madh) continues in use in early Mod.Ir.: madh fírinneach . . . comhrádh an duine . . . madh bréagach, TSh. 1777.

C. With impf. subj., generally corresponding to an impf. subj. or conditional in apodosis and sometimes with force of pluperfect.

(a) with vbs. other than copula: ma nubed if it existed, Sg. 31b21 . ni tibertis piana foraib mani esersitis if they did not rise, Ml. 15c7 . ma doruirminn if I should recount, Fél. Ep. 128. (with tmesis) ma ro loídib lammis if we dared in lays, ib. Fél. Feb. 27 . meni bethe ar in tṡluagud-sa . . . doraismis Ultu if thou wert not in this hosting, TBC-LL¹ 766. monu thiastáis if they should not come, 4277 . mina chredind-se he . . . nis-cuirfind techta if I did not believe in him, PH 449. muna mbeith acht an aonghamhnach istigh were there but one stripper in the house, Keat. iii 2757. With pluperf. force: ba miscuis atroillisset . . . mani thised trocaire if mercy had not come, Wb. 4c15 . ma rrufeste ní gētte if ye had known, ye would not snatch, 9c8 . mani thorasta mo dáil . . . no bíad Nabál cen anmain if thou hadst not come to meet me, SR 6321. ni boi i nnim . . . dúl tísad frind, mine thísad Lucifer, MacCarthy 62.5 = LB 112a11 . mina báitea-su mé . . . nis-bíad pian form hadst thou not drowned me, PH 8258. With cond. in late text: ma ragad cliar dimdach de `if a company went grumbling from him', Ériu iv 214 § 10 (gé bheith v.l.).

(b) with copula: mad forṅgaire dognein, docoischifed pían a thairmthecht if it were a command I gave, Wb. 10a27 . ní bad samlaid son mad on chetnidiu nobed this would not be so if it were from the primitive, Sg. 207b2 . mad ed asberad . . . is ed rogigsed if he had said . . . this is what he would have prayed for, Ml. 32d5 . mád do Laegaire . . . tisad ág . . . no sirfed hErind, SCC 29. ni ráncatar som less a scríbint mainbed díar nertad ni they have not needed to be written unless it were to strengthen us, Wb. 6c31 . docoith dígal forru: matis tuicsi ní rígad if they had been elect it would not have come, 11a22 . matis mu namait dudagnetis ┐ maniptis mu charait dudagnetis had it been my enemies and not my friends that did them, Ml. 73d1 . is é in claideb dobéraind . . . menbadat [sic leg.] aide if thou wert not (my) fosterer, RC xiv 426 § 47. munbud coll crabaidh . . . robo gairit linn t'accallaim-si if it were not a breach of piety, Acall. 127. In follg. instance, mad appears in combination with an absolute form of the copula: adubairt an Díabul ris, mádh bo mac Dé é arán do denum dona clochaib, Maund. 91.

II Special uses of má+copula.

(a) masu ed if it is that, if so is used in Sg. to express doubt of a foregoing statement; 21b6 , 50b13 , 124a1 . In later Mid.Ir. sometimes with force of a concessive particle = if so, in that case, then , or to introduce a contrasting statement: glosses igitur, BB 299b28 . sluindfet a thri buada cech ócthigirn . . . Tri meth octhigirn massed `on the other hand', Ériu ix 46 § 12 = LL 147b23 . Common in mod. lang.: is ón tTighearna atá imtheacht an duine; cionnus fhédus duine maiseadh a shlighe féin do thuigsin? how then can a man understand, Proverbs xx 24. gion go bhfuil an teine-se síorraidhe, maiseadh is iongantach an truime atá innte (=etsi non sit aeternus, miro tamen modo gravis est), TSh. 3999. tar ceann go dtugthar Scotia d'ainm ar an gcuid úd don Bhreatain . . . maseadh foillsighidh Beda go ngairthí an t-ainm sin d'Éirinn nevertheless , Keat. ii 5868.

(b) manibad (3 s. impf. subj. cop.) often appears folld. by a subst. in elliptical sentence, if it were not . . ., but for . . . ; cf. Wb. 9b1 : minibed croís ni bíad etrad if there were not gluttony. manibed Moísi . . . óenfer díb nā faicbed beo that, had it not been for Moses, he would not have left one man of them alive, SR 4129. manbad omain Dé . . . no berad leis cenn Saúil but for the fear of God, 6393 . minabad do shnadad, robtis do reṅga rigthi, TBC-I¹ 1182. munbad Conall . . . ropad forainne bad róen, CRR 56. ní biadh iffern . . . minbadh mé there would be no hell . . . but for me, Ériu iii 148 § 4. manibat ainmnet . . . nutscaílfeth cumachta Dé `but for my (? God's) patience', Trip. 78.18 (but cf. reading in ACL iii 20.4 : mani bit ainmnit .i. ciuin). With pres. subj.: ni thánic . . . fer bud amra manip [manipad v.l.] do chruas save for thy hardness, 120.4 . Cf. mainbad fororaid in rí had not the King lent aid (?), Hy. v 32 , with gl. mani fortachtaiged T, mani fured F; edd. Thes. ( ii 335 ) connects mainbad with follg. line.

(c) in older language when the subject of a vb. in 1 pl. is analysed as `thou and I', the formula: mad tú if it be thou is used, the 1 s. pron. being already implied in the vb. (see KZ xlviii 51 ). dia mbamur mad tu leis ic foclaimb bindiusai when thou and I were with him, ZCP iii 249 § 64. cia bem-ne madh tu . . . i n-airisem, Anecd. ii 9.3 . cid nach n-acallmis mad tu? why should not you and I converse? ZCP xiii 268.3 . consáiter etrunni mad tú between thee and me, IT iii 244.1 . Cf. anas bermaisin matau (leg. an-asbermais-ni mad tú?), ZCP viii 329. 26 = anasbermaisiu ma táu, LL 330c9 , anasbermaisim matu, BB 166a6 .

(d) mad folld. by a subst. or equivalent often serves to introduce a new subject of discourse or a contrast = as for, with regard to: mad messe, ba dethbir dam, etc., SCC 45. madh é Fraech immorro, ro eirigh co moch as, ZCP xiii 171.3 . mád ind Assia beg immorro, TTr.² 1046. madh a n-adhnacol ní cæmais as for burying them, thou wilt not be able, Anecd. i 72 § 198 . mád in ra brethaigestar Cúruí as for C.'s judgement, FB 90. madh an ro dusaig do marbaib | is mó milib as for the dead he raised, ACL iii 303 § 11. mad nofail [leg. 'na fail?] d'hilphianaibh ann . . . lia nāt luibi as for all the divers punishments there . . . (they are) more in number than herbs (?), SR 933 (where Stokes takes mad as = immad quantity). mad o Adam . . . co ngénair mac De, cóic mili is cét . . . ocus sé bliadna nochat as for (the period) from Adam to the birth of the Son of God, 2333 . is dō a óenur do nach airchend bás . . . ar mád sinne immorro is a[irchenn], Thes. ii 351.23 . madh iad clann R. tra, así comhairle doronsat, AFM iii 226.5 .

(e) similarly in the common formula: mad iar (do réir, etc.) (if it be) according to: mad du stoir . . . mad du rúin according to the literal sense . . . according to the mystic sense, Ml. 44b4 , 6 . mad iar sians imorro . . . is ed doforne, PH 3449. mad iar Cirine . . . mad iar n-Augustin, 6435 . mad iar n-araile immorro, issi a liathroit, etc., TBC-I¹ 525. mad do reir na sgoile, MacCarthy 278.5 . Cf. also: dobí macaem . . . arna damnad docum a loiscthi tria drúis do denam di (mado fis), Maund. 57 ; leg. mad ō fis if it be from knowledge (= if it be true)?

(f) similarly in phrases like: mad cose up to this, hitherto , in which mad appears to be a mere expletive. ní ḟetatar . . . inad beo-sa mad cose, TBC-LL¹ 4940 , cf. 739 . dulig sár ar bar sluagaib mád cose, LL 238b23 ( TTr. 1615 ). Áth nÍ. a ainm mad cosin, Áth F. a ainm o ṡain ille, TBC-LL¹ 4948. mad colléic, 5148 . mad gustráthsa, 5111 . ni rugusa troidh theithidh . . . má guse, ZCP viii 551.20 . mad costrasta ` just now ', MR 262.24 .

III Acht má (mani):

(a) in affirm. sent., acht má = `but if', unless: acht massu made in chretem except the belief is vain, Wb. 13a34 . nocon ḟetar-sa ac[h]t mad sin | cid imma ndernad unless that be (the reason), TBC-LL¹ 608. acht má. dothísad . . . ni reg-sa, Trip. 118.14 . ní thic do neoch acht mád doneth fein [acht mine dernad LB] unless [God ] were to do it Himself, FA 9. acht ma tecmadh secht tengt[h]a filed i cinn aenduine . . . do beth ní dia chomrumuib gan turim, ZCP viii 111.16 . acht madh chena even so, nevertheless , Laws iii 542.9 Comm.

(b) acht mad, folld. by subst. unless it be . . ., except, saving . . . only , generally after neg. sent. acht mad Rab . . . ni therna . . . oenfer, SR 5069. ni ruc claind . . . acht mad óeningin, IT i 130.14 . cia doragad and acht mad Findchad?, CRR 8. ní mairenn don muintir . . . acht mád missi, Acall. 3320. co na raibi acht madh foraithmed bec di i nErinn, Acall. iii 4.13 . ro fetar-sa co na bia maith eitir de acht madh olc uili, CCath. 4603. ní therno eladach betha dib acht ma misi, ZCP xiii 233.13 .

(c) acht mani unless indeed (a more emphatic concession than mani). nad ḟetar-sa . . . act manip íat in Galían, CRR 11. ni raga ass . . . acht mani-t-ainge ben unless a woman protect thee, SCC 14. in aíne cen in almsain is bec a tarba, acht mani beth do bochta neich co na raib aicce almsa dobera unless one's poverty were such that one had no alms to give, PH 4972. acht manibad drochduine he, ni thindlecmais-ni det-siu he, 2698 . is maith [ind elada] . . . acht muna beth sianargan in brechta sídhe inti, Acall. 3482 (`but for a twang of the fairy spell that infests it', SG ii 191 ).

IV In Mid.Ir. mad dá (dia) often takes the place of má folld. by subj.

(a) mad da tí a thig, CRR 22. méraid ní bus lia a laídhi | madh dá ndíla a commaíne if she requite, Acall. 801. mad da ríus Emain, TBC-LL¹ 1208 , cf. 3416 . mad da mbeind-se i crichaib Ulad, CRR 8. Exceptionally with pret.indic.: mád dammamar [madam bámar, St.; leg. mad da mbámar] allanair [sic leg.] ac Scathaig if we were (still) yonder with S., TBC-LL¹ 4102 , cf. 4039 .

(b) mad dia ti taris, is bǽth, TBC-LL¹ 1644. mad dian bérthai [mad dia mberthai, St.] uide uad, 595 . mad dia marbthar Mani mór, | bid díth cethern, TFerbe 370 . mád dia follamnaige co fírén in rí, PH 4086. ba hed adgegmis-ni ani sin mad dia fédmais, IT ii2 228 § 3 . mad dia mbeth at cumung if it were in thy power, RC vi 175.54 . With indic.: madh dia ndeni-siu forru if thou do [it ] to please them, BNnÉ 304 § 16.

V Other idioms:

(a) inge má unless: iṅge mad etarscartha unless it be separated, Sg. 75b5 . inge mad dligtechu in ceili, Laws ii 338.1 , cf. O'Dav. 708. Scarcely, hardly: ingi ma rochoillset fir, TBC-I¹ 265. as ing má ro thérna neach riamh hardly any one escaped, Hugh Roe fo. 15 a . go mbo hing ma rob éigen . . . a n-airm d'imbirt forra [sic leg.] it was hardly necessary, fo. 81b . With subj.: iss ing ma rasoissed [sic leg.] cind mile bliadan a dhomhnai it could hardly reach its bottom, Ériu ii 132 § 109. See 1 ing, 1 inge.

(b) is becc má `it is little if', scarcely: is beac ma ba oirrdearca Concobhar C. was scarcely more illustrious, CF 411.

(c) ní mór má: ni mor masa incretmi he it is almost incredible, LB 152b16 . ní mór má doērna sceola indisen scel hardly a fugitive escaped, BDD 158. ni mór má ro proinnigsiot they scarcely broke their fast, AFM vi 2288.22 .

VI Rarely used to introduce a subst. clause: ni cuman lim ma rudbaitsius nach n-aile, Wb. 8a3 . robú mór a homun lium-sa ón mad and atbelmais-ni . . . ┐ mani-n-soirthae my fear of it was great that we should die . . . and that we should not be delivered, Ml. 96a10 . is dual dun mani [mina v.l.] torgoethat in[na] duailc[h]i it behoves us that vices should not deceive us, ZCP iii 450.4 .

VII In early Mod.Ir. má (folld. or not by nó) is used exceptionally to introduce a disjunctive clause, whether (Lat. sive): madh beag nó mór an chréacht doníthi leo, ní ghabhadh leigheas greim don othar, Keat. ii 1731. ma's beo marbh iad whether they be alive or dead, Parrth. Anma 327.10 . mas olc maith me, 343.22 .

maith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maith or dil.ie/31438
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: maid, ferr, ferrsoun, ferra, olc, maithe, maithghníomhartha

i, adj. and subst. The form maid is freq. in Wb., cf. SR 1247.

I As adj. good in various senses of the word: gl. bonus, Ir. Gl. 661.

(a) in moral sense: rect maid a good law, Wb. 3d10 . gním olc no m.¤ , Ml. 15a6 . féil Mairc maith, Fél. May 18. dá noí míled mathe, July 23 . tri meicc mathi, SR 2490. ben m.¤ nad fitir fer romat a virtuous woman, ZCP viii 113.6 . mná córi ciall-mathi, SCC 40. cridiscelae maithi good desires, Mon. Tall. § 25. dena ní m.¤ isind lo m.¤ , PH 7347. co forcetlaibh maithibh, AU 886. As pred.: m.¤ días, Fél. Mar. 13. ZCP viii 108.23 . m.¤ do Dia-su ┐ olc ar ndee-ne, PH 716. ata mmaithi which are good, Ml. 89a2 . Used as subst. in masc., a good man: ni farnic sede nach maid . . . isin domun he found none good, Wb. 2a21 . do dechrugud etir maithi ┐ ulcu, Ml. 19d2 .

(b) of quality, state, etc. good (of its kind), profitable, excellent: robad m.¤ a lúag, LU 4451. is m.¤ nach cualammar ┐ nach fetammar (i.e. omne ignotum pro mirabili), TBC-LL¹ 7. maithi na hairm-se these weapons are good, 1098 . isin Temraig m.¤ , MacCarthy 194 § 3. is m.¤ eturru they are on good terms, BB 266a21 . nir bho m.¤ etir Brian ┐ Tadg, ALC i 6.13 . Cf. as m.¤ an airde badhbhdhúin ata 'n-a mur its wall has fully the height of a bawn, MS. Mat. 579.17 (D. Mac Firbhisigh).

(c) denoting ability, fitness, proficiency: it mathi side oc aslug skilled in seducing, Wb. 30c13 . ammi mm.¤ oc loṅgud we are good eaters, LL 252b48 . it mait[h]-siu oc breth for aislingi, MacCongl. 67.1 . am m.¤-se for fithchill I am good at chess, LU 10804. nimtha m.¤ do chath indiu I am not in form for fighting, SCC 13. batar maithi do imfulung na fían (of hostellers), Corm. Y 1018 (p. 87.11) . doine . . . ad maithi d'uaim laide who are skilled in rhyming lays, ACL iii 306 § 10.

(d) folld. by prep.: m.¤ do good for, to the advantage of: issed is m.¤ deit, ercc co Comgald, Mon. Tall. § 66. corop m.¤ dō siu ocus thall that it may be well for him here and hereafter, Ériu ix 47 § 17. is m.¤ don lucht tidnaicther do bás ar in coimdid, PH 6593. m.¤ fri good to, kind to: ba m.¤ Curui frit?, Ériu ii 28.2 . asbert C. fria maccaib combtis mathi fri Fiachu, LL 315b52 . is m.¤ re corp, is fada a olc don anmain pleasant to (of a vice), Ériu v 26.11 . Similarly as adv.: adubart-sa risin seighler beth co m.¤ fris to treat him well, ZCP vi 76.7 , cf. 40.12 . With DO in same sense: intí is olc dó fadéin, cia aile dia mbad m.¤ he?, PH 5972. is m.¤ limm it seems good to me, I like, approve: mad maid la Dia (= si Dominus permiserit), Wb. 14a11 , cf. 6b18 . issed as m.¤ laisim, Mon. Tall. § 21. cibe la bes m.¤ leo whatever day they like, Laws v 292.18 . ingen uallach . . . m.¤ lēi teglachas, LU 4447 = ba mian lē, Anecd. i 22.3 . With FRI: olsodain nad m.¤ fri Cirine ciasperthar Jerome does not approve of their being said, Hib. Min. 7.235 .

(e) of rank, station, wealth: is m.¤ fer in taige itaam wealthy(?), TBC-LL¹ 117. a n-indliss araile fir m.¤ (= patris familias cuiusdam), Lat. Lives 95. o dhoriachtatar uli m.¤ saich `gentle and simple', PH 191. berthair . . . a fir mathi co hEogan his nobles, ZCP viii 313.8 . Oft. absol. in m. pl. persons of rank, nobles (= Lat. optimates): mathi Ulad, FB 5. mathe fer nhErend, TBC-LL¹ 4249. mathi Lochlainne, CRR 13. righdhal mathe Erenn, AU 858. na maithe .i. na sacairt, PH 6502. maithi clerech Cene[oi]l C., AU ii 328.26 . maithi bharūn Erenn, 396.14 . AFM iv 752.1 . Of women: mna ┐ maithi ┐ ingenraid na Laitinda `noble ladies', Aen. 1664.

(f) often used, like Eng. well, as interj. at beginning of a reply or statement: m.¤, a thriath!, CRR 11. m.¤ a t[h]róig! MacCongl. 19.19 . m.¤ and, a Ibair!, TBC-LL¹ 1209.

(g) adv.: m.¤ rucais do breth well hast thou judged, TBC-LL¹ 1050. is m.¤ cotlai thou sleepest well, MacCongl. 116.1 . m.¤ fuairsead filidh Banbha arbh fhéidir leo do labhra B.'s poets did well to invent all they could, Content. v 153. With co: hore pridchas co mm.¤ , Wb. 7b15 . nir bo lá go m.¤ it was not fully day, TFrag. 118.14 . gan ní do rádh acht ní bes agad co ró m.¤ what you know very well, O'Gr. Cat. 211.10. As adv. of degree: is airdi sin co m.¤ nā slíab Sioin a good deal higher, Maund. 48.

Compar. ferr (indecl.). maith ┐ f. ┐ ferrsom good, better and best, Auraic. 655 = fearr ┐ fearrson, 645 , ferrsoun, 3268 (this superl. form is not found in lit.). nídad f.-si ye are not better, Wb. 8c7 . bes nocon [ḟ]err in ben, SCC 43. ba f. Conchobar cach rig, ZCP viii 217 § 5. f. cach clú, Thes. ii 293.16 ( SP ii § 2 ). is f. precept oldaas labrad ilbéelre, Wb. 12d7 . is f. in ernaigthe oldat indmusa, PH 5616. is f. do laech andai-siu he is a better warrior than thou, IT i 101.11 ; cf. combadad f. do loech anna C. that thou wast a better warrior than C., TBC-LL¹ p. 587 n. cid f. cid messu dom nirt be my strength better or worse, SCC 38. ? pl. léicsius rígi dóib . . . ┐ nip ferra im rath . . . andúsa they were no better (?), TBC-LL¹ 52. dus in mbatar seoit ba ferra isin uaim andas a tucadh este, Anecd. ii 57.19 . roptis ferra ... inata na seoit, Anecd. ii 53.14 .

is f. dom it is better for me: is f. dún a dénum, Wb. 14b17 . is f. duit dian-fésser, Fél. Oct. 24. do bad fh. dō can techt nā techt mar sin it would be better for him not to come, PH 7793. fearr damsa a n-edargairi I had better separate them, RC xxiv 194 § 8.

is f. limm I think it better, I prefer: is f. limm rafesid (gl. nolo vos ignorare), Wb. 12a1 . f. lium indás anad | scarad frisin ṅdomun, Fél. Ep. 367. ba f. lais bas do thecht dó oltas beith i mbethaid, PH 6544. (superl.) is é [is] férr límm fogéb . . . bás crochi the death of the cross is my choice, 2430 .

f. de the better of, for (s. KZ liii 82 f .): manibat fer[r] som de tri aesnadud inna diglae if they be none the better, Ml. 24c1 . conid ferrde lem-sa cech pian fogéb ar ainm nDé I welcome every pain that I shall suffer in God's name, PH 2427. bid fearr-di frib menma bar mathar dia nom-ruca[id]-sa lib your mother's love for you will be the greater, RC xxiv 56 § 17 . feirrde mé méad a áladh I am the better for the number of his wounds, Dán Dé xxii 10. cá feirrde an tocht doní an béal | sgéal doní an rosg ar a rún? what is gained by the mouth's silence (if) the eye betrays its secret? Dánta Gr. 38.11 (ed. 1926).

As adv.: condib f. donberaid-si oldaas cách that ye may give it better, Wb. 16c9 . corop f. assa f. donimdigi[d] desseirc Dé that ye may abound better and better in love of God, 23b1 .

Superl. dech q.v. Later ferr: bam-sa f. im chath ┐ comrac díb I was the best of them, TBC-LL¹ 17. croinn . . . as f. do baí i nErinn, RC xviii 172.21 . aenfer rob ḟ. troccaire tanic d'ḟuil na Adham-clainne, 182.1 . gach fód is fearr d'ár n-áitibh, Keat. Poems 44.

II As subst. i, neut. in O.Ir. (see Wb. 5d30 , 33d10 quoted below), later masc. and in Mod.Ir. often fem. That which is good; good: gl. bonum, Ir. Gl. 798.

(a) in moral sense: ná m.¤ robé, bad hed dogneid whatever good there is, Wb. 5d30 . is asse duíb maid do denum, 4a4 . nad rancatar les denma m.¤ that they had no need to do good, Ml. 35b25 . inne m.¤ nó uilcc the quality of good or evil, Sg. 39a32 . tan is d'oen-craunn maid is uilc since from one tree is good and evil, SR 1247 ( uilc = olc, Stokes Academy No. 584, 1883 ). a maith his virtue , Mon. Tall. § 36. in lucht dianid comthrom a m.¤ ┐ a n-olc whose good and bad (actions) are equal, FA 24. m.¤ cáich d'ionnlach `to attack others' good deeds', Content. xiv 33 . mór in m.¤ dó . . . Dond Cualnge do thabairt dúnni it is great goodness for him to give us the D.C., TBC-LL¹ 121. Cf. mōr in m.¤ corba cendais do Martain, Lat. Lives 100 (= mor in m.¤ do M. corba cendais). pl. na maithe dogniam . . . ┐ na hulca imgabamít the good deeds we do, PH 6865. (fem.) gach m.¤ do ḟoráileadh ar chách, go ngníomhuigheadh féin rompa í every good deed he enjoined on others he used to do himself first, Keat. iii 3038.

(b) of state, condition, etc., a good thing, a benefit; good, prosperity . in tan durairngert Dia du Abracham a m.¤ sin, Wb. 33d10 , cf. 14b6 . atu i m'ulc, nim-fuil i m'm.¤ it is not well with me, TBC-LL¹ 2335. co mbaí m.¤ de .i. Lugaid so that good came of it, namely (the birth of) L., LL 124b52 . ro línais mo meis o cach m.¤ thou hast filled my platter with every good thing, PH 1359. cia m.¤ nā tibre int athair dia maccu? 7889 . nā raibhe m.¤ ag Certán (an imprecation), Ériu viii 139.32 . co roibh m.¤ h'anora fein agud! `much honour be thine', ZCP vi 81.19 , cf. 282.15 . in mh.¤ do bhí, ná bí dhi `the good that hath been, meddle not with it', O'Gr. Cat. 392.22 (early 17th cent.). an mh.¤ do dhéanfa mé air mo phobal, Jerem. xxix 32.

ar m.¤ fri for good unto, for the sake of: ní ar m.¤ frib, Wb. 19d28 . ar m.¤ fri Duaid, Ml. 109d7 . ar m.¤ friu diblinaib for their mutual advantage, Laws v 464.27 . Similarly with DO: per caritatem .i. do m.¤ friss, Wb. 6d4 . In pl. ar maithi (maithib) fri, Celtica i 335-37 : ar maithe re hinbleoguin do nithur sin, Laws ii 100.11 . ar maithi re fine, iii 542.16 . ar mathib red' mac, ZCP xii 386.15 . ar maithib rimsa, Aen. 128.2041 . ní ar mhaithe liom do tharraing tar sáile, Hackett xviii 17 .

(c) concrete, goods, property, wealth: is lia mo m.¤-sea indá do m.¤-siu, TBC-LL¹ 58. m.¤ in talman (sic leg.), ACL iii 237 § 31. imgabsat m.¤ Maireda `quitted Mairid's domain', Metr. Dinds. iv 64. thug Brian ┐ Muimhnigh an mh.¤ sin leó ar chúlaibh (of booty), Ériu i 80.14 . beag a shuim i m.¤ nó maoin, Dánta Gr. xi 10 .

COMPDS. (rarely used, generally replaced by dag-, deg-).

? mathchorach, Rawl. 116c49 = Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 18 § 21 (= that makes good compacts Meyer). ¤fer: pl. maithfir, Gorm. Dec. 24. ¤gein: m. mairre (leg. Maire), SR 2733. Marian mait[h]gein, Gorm. 30. ? ¤glond: luchraib mathglond `with the lustres of good deeds', RC xxvi 166.14 . ¤gním: ag maoidheamh . . . na maithghníomh, TSh. 8730. ¤gnímrad: pl. maithghníomhartha , TSh. 4339. ¤greim: lith co m. `good hold' (? profit), Lism. L. 2111. ¤ingen, Ériu i 122.5 . ? ¤a good thing: m. Muimnech Muircertach the treasure (glory) of the Munstermen, MacCarthy 430 § 1 = BB 51a18 (: flaithrī).

1 nár

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 nár or dil.ie/32972

Forms: náir

adj o, ā. also náir (form used in SR).

(a) in favourable sense, apparently noble, magnanimous, honourable, also modest (? courteous, faultless in behaviour): nar .i. uasal, O'Dav. 1283. Conn na nar (.i. na n-úasal), ZCP v 485 § 4 (B. na f.). naraib .i. uaislib, H 3.18 p. 248 ( O'Curry 474 ). nar (.i. fial), Ériu ii 3.5 . nar .i. fial nó lán nó noeb nó idan, O'Dav. 1290. nar .i. maith: la muinntir Neill nár gháoidheal .i. la fearr do gháoidhealaibh, O'Cl.

Of persons: for ríg nāir nime, SR 4558. aitchim mo Righ nimhe nár, BS 156 y . Nechtán nár, Fél. Jan. 8 (nair, neir, ner v.l.). mac Néir nair, SR 6579. filliud eirred náir (one of Cuchulaind's feats), TBC-LL¹ 2106 , cf. LU 9290 , 10341 . rigmac Nóe náir Iafeth `of righteous Noah', Todd Nenn. 224.29 ( LL 133b 26 ). Niall náir `noble N.', Content. iv 2. bethir nar (of a hero), Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 29 § 32. compar. Curúi . . . cia ba mo is ba halle | is ba nare im biath? more generous, ZCP iii 37.31 (leg. háille . . . náire). Of a woman: ni roibe nech ba nairiu nā ba féli indas in noemóg, LB 66a32 (= modest, well-behaved?). nasc mná nare Étair, Metr. Dinds. iii 104.28 (: sáile).

Of things, etc., freq. epithet of heaven: do maig nimi náir, SR 1759 , cf. 4181 , 5488 . for nim nár `in high heaven', Metr. Dinds. i 50.53 . MacCongl. 7.29 . toirthi Parduis, bolad náir, SR 1086. buada allaig [= allaid] náir `victories of noble renown', Fél. 156.12 . d'fhine Ghaoidheal na ngníomh náir, Keat. Poems 1159.

(b) diffident, abashed? cf. is nephnár a ndogniat Ulaid overbold, daring (?), LU 5253 ( TBC-I¹ 775 ) = is tarpech in mod do Ultaib, TBC-LL¹ 1398 ; is dana do Ulltaib, St. Hence transf. of that which causes diffidence or shame, shameful, disgraceful , the common later Mid.Ir. meaning, persisting in classical Irish; in this sense nearly always used as pred. comba nár a fhégad do neoch `he was a disgrace for any one to see', PH 1320. is nár nach follus daoibh-se it is a shame, Keat. Poems 37. is n.¤ limm I feel ashamed: bá nar lée a lécud she felt shame at being abandoned, SCC 44 ( LU 3922 ). is n.¤ liumm a aisnes, PH 1292 , cf. 1140 . as suaill narbo nar [nair v.l.] leis a nderna do dánacht gloir, CCath. 5019. giodh bé le budh nár mheisi ┐ mo bhriathra, Luke ix 26 . is n.¤ dom it is a shame (disgrace) for me: ní bad nár dóib it would be no shame to them, TBC-LL¹ 121. do Lugh Lágha is beag nach náir | ó do mhaoidhis Art Aoinḟear, Content. vi 256 (= your boast of Art's being slain by L. is well-nigh discreditable to L.). nir ba nairi dosom can Temraig da cosnum oldas do clannaib Neill it was not more disgrace for him not to contest T. than for . . ., Cog. 120.12 . Keat. Poems 52. oir as nár do mhnáibh labhairt sa n-eagluis, 1 Corinth. xiv 35.

As attrib.: eidedh nemh-náir `a faultless suit of armour' (i.e. one not to be ashamed of?), Ériu v 178.271 .

(c) in B. na filed, evil, grievous (extension of preceding sense?): drubh 'na timcell (.i. 'na egmuis) lium is nar (.i. olc), ZCP v 487 § 15. nar .i. olc, O'Cl.

tathamair, tathaim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tathamair, tathaim or dil.ie/40220

Forms: tathaimhseat

Orig. depon. vb., later act. (cf. tám, támaid, tatham. See KZ xxiii 217 ). Pret. 3 s. died, perished:

(a) With depon. ending: conid 'sin tṡléib t.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iv 34.52 . conid eiter a lamaib rothathamir cúrui `that it was in their hands that C. expired,' Mon. Tall. 153.13 . Colam ro thathamar, YBL 126b32 . ro th.¤ an t-each, AFM vi 2216.7 . rot.¤ an tí Art, Hugh Roe 24.2 .

(b) Without depon. ending: tathaim .i. fuair bás, O'Cl. co ndecmaic tart bráighit do, co tathaim de, RC xv 426.y . Dalo tathaim diarbo thimm, Metr. Dinds. iii 276.17 . ? is Nathí, co trom-thathaim (:achaid), iv 284.24 . ro tathaimh do bhedhg aonuaire, AFM i 308.19 . tathaimh Fea ba buan bladh, Leb. Gab.(i) 180.21 . 3 p. ro tathaimhseat , AFM i 276.6 .