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déide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. déide or dil.ie/15152

Forms: déda

adj io,iā. Later also déda (through influence of óenda, cetharda).

I Adj. double, consisting of two: it deidi gl. bini, BCr. 32d1 . cuin is aenda in beithi . . . cuin as deda . . . cuin as treda, Auraic. 424 . ind árim déda, PH 4428 .

II Subst. io, n.

(a) two things, pair of things: déidhe .i. dá ní, O'Cl. co mbed a ndede sin im labradsa .i. gáu ┐ fír, Wb. 14c23 . dualis .i. áram inchosaig dede, Sg. 28b13 . fer congeb dede no trede, Laws v 104.17 .i. da dan examla, 18 Comm. ferr déda ho óin better two things than one, MacCongl. 49 . in déda-sin . . . .i. a chredo ┐ a phater, PH 4180 . rorannadh Eiriu i ndedha in two, RC xviii 377 (Tig.).

(b) pair of persons: dede ṁbaccoen ṁbraiglide | a da maccaem ingine, LL 28a38 . Eocho ┐ Aeblend . . . nirb uathud don dedu dil, 152b43 ( Metr. Dinds. iv 64.81 ). 'n-a déda ro-thog Ísu a apstalu two and two, by twos, PH 4429 . 'n-a dédaib rofhoid uad, 4430 . dede ailes he, a aite ┐ a muime, Laws ii 348.4 Comm.

(c) Of animals, etc.: eoin Bale . . . a dó díb . . . in deda aile, LL 166a24 ( Dinds. 117 ). nach mil conbeiris dedi . . . .i. da uan twins , Laws i 146.13 Comm.

Deidiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Deidiu or dil.ie/15159

Forms: Dediu, Dedi, Deidi

n.pr. f., BB 212a15 = Dediu, LL 372a4 . Dedi , Deidi, Mart. Don. Sept. 17 , Mart. Don. Nov. 13 , etc.

scríbaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. scríbaid or dil.ie/36636
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: sgríbheochad, scrībobthar, scribhobadh, scríbthae, scríbad

v ā (Lat. scribo). In later lang. also with o-fut.: sgríbheochad, Eochairsg. 14.12 . scrībobthar, ZCP viii 209 § 47 . Cond. scribhobadh, BCC 362 (410.23) . See IGT Verbs § 67 .

(a) writes (in physical sense), writes down: in tan nonda-scribam, Ml. 35b1 . cia scríbtair hi fers `though they are written in the verse', Sg. 6b23 . na bretha scribatar and `which are written therein', Wb. 17b2 . scribtar a n-anman, Ml. 87a13 . cith .m. namma scríbthar and, Sg. 28a15 . combad notire rodscribad cosse gl. manu Pauli, Wb. 27d16 . in titul roscribais huas in chroich, Ml. 74d13 . cé hé roscríb, Sg. 197a19 . sochide rodascríb húan `many have transcribed it from us', BCr. 32b3 . ni roscríbad ar naill (leg. na aill) `it was not written for anything else' (the letter q), Sg. 6b3 . [arin] scribund roscribad in dul so, 202a marg. inf. ( Thes. ii xxi ). ata dedi ara scribhtar in tituil tria derg whose titles are written in red (ink), Hib. Min. 7.241 . in clar i scribad = tabulas in quibus scribere solebat, Lat. Lives 50.5 . secht cēt aipgitrech rascrībai, ACL iii 303 § 9 . sgríobhaid Goill . . . | anmonna a slógh . . . | i nglanrolla, TD 30.9 . scribhthar a ainm, Marco P. 140 .

Of Ogam : scrípuidh oghumm inntib, IT i 129.22 . ro tócbad a lia ┐ ro scríbad [a] ainm oguim, TFerbe 757 . dogni ith n-erchomail . . . ┐ scribais ogum ina menacc, TBC-I¹ 224 .

(b) writes, composes (a book, letter, etc.): roscrib Pol iarum hanc aepistolam , Wb. 31d19 . is diar foirbthetuni roscríbad, 2d2 . act is amal roscribad gl. sed sicut scriptum est, 6c28 . commad in so sís roscribad som, 26b31 . fer ro scríb cen tercai | cáinscéla Críst, Fél. May 6 . amal ra scribsam remaind, TBC-LL¹ 1470 . ní raibhe ríoghacht san bhith is nach scríobhthaidhe . . . sceoil da ngairthí fabulae, Keat. ii 5067 .

With follg. DO writes to. Of the Pauline epistles: cib cenél tra dia roscribad ind epistil so, Wb. 3b30 . décith anroscríbus dúib, 20c18 . is foirbthe in cách dia roscribad, 23a10 . ind æpistil scríbther do suidib . . . nád roscribad do suidib, 27d13 . scribabut-sa duit araill do béssaib ar ceneoil-ni, Alex. 829 . With co: san gcéadobair ro sgríobh go A., TSh. 264 . gur scrīp gus in nguibernōir wrote to the governor, Fl. Earls 22.23 . With AR: mar a sgríobhann ar an gceathramhadh caibidil ag Lúcás writes about, comments on, TSh. 7881 .

(c) special senses. Of describing a circle: scribfad cercall bec a cosmulus cercailli cuirp na greine, Ir. Astr. Tr. 26.1 . in re . . . scribocad dorca uili e I will represent it as being dark, 90.22 . do scrib ar balla na mainisdrech na manaigh ac denum a cumha, ┐ mairidh an pinntiúracht sin fós drew, portrayed, Maund. 67 . Abstract senses: scribmaid diniti an cinil doena co h-imlan do dia we ascribe, De Contemptu 18 . an lan serbuis ┐ pennaidi do scribhadar m'aibhirseoiridhi damh ? = parare (Gloss.), Smaointe B. Chr. 3436 .

Part. scríbthae: adib scripthi-si, Wb. 15a12 . in recht scribtha do láim in choimded, PH 4769 . atá scríobhtha líne an sgéith air h'ainm, TD 35.5 . sgribfa, Stair Erc. 1381 . a lomnán do scéluidhecht scribtha . . . arna balladuib depicted, Maund. 159 .

Vn. scríbend, q.v. In Mod. Ir. also scríbad: le bríathruibh an dlighesi do scríobhadh a leabhar, Deuteronomy xxxi 24 . pinn-scribtha, Smaointe B. Chr. 4212 . a[c] sgribhadh a staire, Stair Erc. 1830 . Pól, ag sgríobhadh chum na gCoirintineach, Donlevy 128.3 .

slond

Cite this: eDIL s.v. slond or dil.ie/37998

Forms: sloind

o, later also sloind. vn. of sluindid.

(a) act of expressing, mentioning, relating; expression, indication, signification : oc slund in dedi sin `in expressing those two things', Sg. 209b28 . cid arna airecht pronomen n-aitrebthach dia ṡlund in othuth? `why was not a possessive pronoun invented to express it in the singular?', 198b3 . do slund aimsire deirbbae `to express certain time', 66b15 . ní s.¤ na aimsire acht is s.¤ in gnimo gnither indi `it is not the expression of the time, but it is the expression of the action that is performed in it', 188a28 . robbí uár recar less dígbail ind ḟolaid conid écen suin fria s.¤ sidi huare nád robatar suin do ṡlund ind úildetad inchoisget, 45b1 . doimmthastar fri s.¤ nintliuchta `it is combined to express the meaning', 3a3 . s.¤ gnimo hirec dogni indidit gl. significat, 153a3 . amal rongab in anmmanaib s.¤ persine, 71b10 . s.¤ gnimo cen torant persine `expression of action without denoting person', 154a4 . conid for sluind ┐ toraind na ciall sin, LB 107a25 . bid . . . altus ┐ almus hic sluind huaisle, Lib. Hymn. i 66.19 . airis F. ic sloind (sloindedh, v.l.) seanchasa do fheraib hErind `F. remained relating the stories of the men of Ireland', Ériu iv 150 § 29 . ? slonnaib srethṡluag, SR 2692 .

(b) name, designation : Maelsechlainn slecht sluinn co sain | de chlethchlaind Chuind, LL 133a31 . rogart in muicc fri séis slaind | triana chruit co Céis Coraind, 165a43 . in duine dianad sloind ic na felsamaib `domun becc', PH 4606 . bidh de a slóind seo uirago uair is do fhir doronadh, BB 16b30 .

sruith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sruith or dil.ie/38847

adj i

I As adj. old, senior, venerable, to be revered, honoured, esteemed . Usually of persons: epscop Sanctān Sanctán (sic leg.?) s.¤ , Hy. vi 21 ( Thes. ii 353 ). farácaib epscop C. and ┐ aes s.¤ día muintir . . . ┐ martra sruithi tucc leis tar muir, Trip.² 2115 . cen imcomet aesa s.¤ `persons of dignity', Laws iii 510.2 . ciato chomshruithi `although they are both venerable' (Gloss.), Críth G. 493 . Sáríal s.¤ , KMMisc. 254.13 . cleireach s.¤ sen, Anecd. i 70 § 172 . ar gach senōir s.¤ , ACL iii 232.11 . robdar saera robdur sruithi, Ériu vii 242.5 . epscop Hērenn ┐ sacart, | sruithe sāmtait, ACL iii 303 § 13 . a Rí sh.¤ , Dán Dé xxix 31 . Other applications: is s.¤ ind airm indid epiur `venerable is the place', Wb. 4b26 . fēil s.¤ a principal feast-day, Mon. Tall. 22(135.1) . in litha sruthi `high festivals', Rule of Tallaght 74 § 39 . ba cáid, ba s.¤ . . . a lá-sa (of Sunday), Ériu ii 196 § 14 . foracaib Patraic reilgi sruithiu i lLecain Midi venerable relics, Trip.² 893 . ? na saire sruithe, Laws i 12.17 . is ferr síd sochocad s.¤ , Ériu ix 47 § 18 .

Compar. sruithiu gl. antiquior, Ml. 59d5 . nimbói ní bed sruithiu dara dochtaised `He had nothing nobler to swear by', 78a4 . ni longe co longe céle dé remut nó fer fas (= bas) sruithiu, Thes. ii 258.32 . cía de as sru[i]thiu, in ríi fa thúath? Críth G. 492 . triar . . . nad ailet fuillem a n-airm . . . are (= air is) sruithiu di-suidib a ngobol-lorgga olldate a n-airm `are more valuable to them', Laws v 420.10 . cenn caich iar nduinib . . . besid sruithe, besid nuaisliu who is greater in dignity than he, ii 278.22 .i. i naicniud, 280.12 Comm . ar isruithe beo bethu tortha `for saved provisions are more precious than growing grass', iv 78.5 .i. ar is uaisle, etc., z Comm . sruithe daon diobhadh, 246.14 .i. is uaisle, etc., 20 Comm . cid arfaoma . . . cobsen neich bess siniu nó bess sruithe indas, Mon. Tall. 79 (160.17) . fobith isuidiu (leg. is sruithiu, Edd.) rombói M. quam S.¤ , 61 (150.9) . ni ro-genir mac mna . . . is [s]ruthi oltas Eoin, PH 884 . Superl.: co lan log einech bes sruithem (text?), Laws ii 404.18 (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 72 f . ). do neoch ba sruitheam . . . ina churad of the most senior of the warriors, TBC-I¹ 490 = ba sruthem . . . inna caurad, LU 4979 . in tan ba sruithem ┐ ba fír-aesta he, LB 123b2 = BB 244a15 . sruit[h]em aicdi `most venerable of structures' (name of Ogam letter oir), Auraic. 5602 . conidh arai as [s]ruitheamh cach mur in mur sin, BB 349a25 . is ed . . . is sruitium bioas fort mes (of food), RC xii 64 § 29 . idhedh . . . ailm . . . is sruithe . . . in dedi sin (the vowels a and i, which respectively begin and end the vowel series), Auraic. 2798 . in t-inad ba sruithiu . . . las in rig `deemed most commodious', MR 4.14 .

Adv. co soinmhech co s.¤ , LL 386b43 .

II As subst. m. elder, ancestor, reverend person, sage , etc. In Ml. of the fathers of the Old Testament: inna sruithe .i. Moab ┐ Ammon ┐ Essau gl. maiorum `of the ancestors', Ml. 26b16 . 44b35 . sruthi na fetarlaice .i. Abraam ┐ Isac `elders', 31d11 . inna sruithe gl. patrum, 44b34 . indate mu sruthi `than my ancestors', 88d1 . a sruthe gl. maiorum suorum, 119b11 . ar srutheni, 122d3 . di ar sruithib, 125a13 . lasna sruithi gl. cum maioribus, 128d5 . inna sruthe gl. ueterum, 133c3 . in s.¤ sean Pol, Fél. Prol. 97 n . togairm Semeoin srotha `of S. the sage', Jan. 5 . cóemaite ar srotha, Aug. 24 . rom-shnáidet mo shruithi `may my elders protect me', Ep. 47 . da bairghin for mes srotha `two loaves on the dish (?) of the master (the sick man) (?)', Ériu xii 22 § 27 (BCrólige, see notes). im trefet tigi srotha `of a chief's house', Laws i 126.6 . ? ara naisc finnsruth (-sruith?) findtigha, iv 38.10 .i. is e in s.¤ taitnemach bis, 40.3 Comm . finnsruth fine .i. . . . sruth taithnemach na fine, v 442.6 Comm . Cf. s.¤ fer finntiu `noble is the tribe-land', v 462.1 . C. . . . abatissa tighe sruithe Cille daro abbess of the house of the seniors, AU i 278.9 . T. abbas sruithe Cluana, 298.10 . ? cotombertsa brú sóer | s.¤ dim chlaind comceneoil, LU 8281 ( FB 22 ). misse Fintan Find mac Bochra . . . am s.¤ uasal hÉrend, LL 4b25 . i[s] s.¤ dún a saintly man approaches, Irish Texts i 34.29 . am sruit[h] do Dia mar, ol C., iv 17.24 . étiud bān bēsaib srotha `after the fashion of an elder', Ériu ii 66 § 13 . sruthi ┐ senoire noema, PH 2 . sruthi na petarlaicthi .i. Abram ┐ Isác ┐ Iacop, 7871 . sruithi ┐ seanatoraigh na cathrach elders and senators, CCath. 771 . a mo sh.¤ reverend sir, Lism. L. 2022 . do choimhthionól sruitheadh, Ériu v 92.6 . éanghrádh sruitheadh is seannaomh, Aithd. D. 75.44 . s.¤ .i. eagnaid, Lec. Gl. 317 , cf. M 129 .

Compds. ¤athair: sruith athir gl. patronus, Sg. 12b3 . ¤ ecna: senior sruith-ecna (sic leg.) an old man venerable in wisdom, BCC 392.16 . ¤máthair matron: i n-araili sruth-mathair soicheneoil isin Roim, CCath. 1059 . ? ¤recht: soirche sruithreacht `licht war das Gesetz des Alten', Snedg. u. Mac R 11 § 37 . ¤shenóir: gabaid in sruithsenoir (sic leg.) noem oc a forcetul, PH 245 .

1 tre

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 tre or dil.ie/41608
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: tri, tre, tri, tre, tré, trí, -i, thr, thrempi, tria, trie, tríd, tríd, trit, trit, tres, tre, tres, tresin, tresind, tresan, trésan, trisin, trissin, triasin, triasand, triasan, tresa, tressa, tres, trisa, trissa, triasa, tresna, trésna, trisna, triasna, trium, tríom, triut, triut, trit-su, treot, treót, thréodsa, thriodsa, tríod, triit, tríit, tríit, triitt, trit, tríd, th-, thrít, thríd, tree, trée, treæ, trea, tre(i)the, -i, trithe, trithi, tríthe, th—, thríthi, thríthe, triunni, tríonn, trín-ne, th-, thrínn, thrín, triib, triuib, tribh, treu, tréu, treo, tréu, tréo, treothu, treotho, treotha, tretho, tretha, trithu, tritha, tríotha, thríotha, trithibh, treamhum, tréamham, treamham, tremut, tromud, tromhat, tre(i)m(h)it, -d, treimheit, treimhid, trempi, troimpi, thrempi, trempu, treampa, treampa, treompo, trompa, triomhtha, tríom, tromham, treamham, tríod, tríot, tromhad, treamhad, tromhat, treamhat, tríd, troimhe, treimhe, tríotha, trithe, troimpe, treimpe, troimhid, treimhid, troimhit, treimhit, trínn, tromhuinn, treamhuinn, tríbh, tromhuibh, treamhaibh, tríotha, trompa, treampa, trem, trim, triam, trit, triat, tret, tred, trét, tria, tría, triánn, trea, tr, thre, tré, triana, trena, trina, tréna, treimhid, trīd, triar, trear, tre, trénar, tri, tri, tre, tre, tre, trialaile, trinaroile, trenaroili, trít, tremi-, tris-, tre-

prep. with acc. (later also with dat. Cf. tri suidib, Ml. 56b15 ), leniting (see GOI § 856 ). Apart from Ml, tre is the commoner form in the O. Ir. Glosses. tri, however, is frequent in Wb, and is the usual form in Ml (tre, Ml. 16a25 , 96a6 ). It is also found (much less commonly than tre) in Sg. (27a2 , 188a8 , 189b2 , 195b1 , 197b4 , 201b3 , 213b8 ). tré is written with length-mark at Sg. 159a1 , and frequently in the later language. trí (with length-mark) occurs at Wb. 12c34 , Tur. 103 , Acr. 11c5 , Ml. 2d5 , 14c16 , 22b1 , 30a9 , etc. The form in -i is infrequent after the Old Irish period ( tri, Sc.M² 5 , Rosa Angl. 196.23 , ZCP vi 63.12 , 70.8 ). With lenition of t- thr, LU 10606 (cf. thrempi, PH 268 , and the Mod. Ir. forms with pron. suff. infra). The form tria is fairly common in all periods outside the O. Ir. Glosses: Thes. ii 300.9 , 331.4 , Hib. Min. 244 , Laws ii 374.12 , Mon. Tall. 154.4 , IT i 19.37 , PH 7431 , BDD² 1295 , Maund. 57 , and is the usual form in SR (168 , 1926 , 3128 ). trie, IT i 267.24 . The form with pron. suff. 3 s. tríd is used as simple prep. in Mod. Ir.: tríd fhear, IGT Introd. 19.5 , trit stól, 23 K 42, 404.19 , trit na scelaib-sin, ZCP vi 72.21 , most usually with article and possessives, see infra. Note also tres gach, DDána 66.1 ; cf. tre gach bhfear .l., tres gach bhfear .c., Bard. Synt. Tr. 3.6 .

With art.: sing. m. and f. tresin, Wb. 20d13 , 30a13 , Sg. 59b18 , 138a1 , 161b1 , 188a26 , 201a2 , BCr. 32a8 , 34c2 , TBFr. 238 , PH 8086 . tresind, Mon. Tall. 141.z . tresan, TBC-LL¹ p. 837 n. 5 , IGT Decl. ex. 1121 . trésan, TSh. 190 , Ó Héodhusa 46.1. trisin, Wb. 5b20 , 10b19 , 12d20 , Tur. 43 , 48 , 55 , 68 , Sg. 209b31 , Ml. 19b11 , 29b8 , 33d13 , 37a22 , etc. trissin, Wb. 12d39 . triasin, SR 7580 , Sc.M² 22.6 , PH 5137 . triasand láim, BDD² 1511 . triasan, ZCP viii 114 § 14 . neut. tresa, Sg. 32a8 , 197b2 . tressa, Wb. 32c20 , tresṅgné `by the species,' Sg. 73b1 . trisa, Wb. 13a10 , Ml. 20a6 , 30d19 , 37b7 . trissa, Wb. 4d33 , Ml. 15a13 , 37d16 , 42c23 , 54c15 , etc. triasa, BDD² 1435.

Note also trit an firt, BColm. 88.2 . tríd an sgéal, Dán Dé xxviii 31 . trit an talmain, Maund. 8.

Plur. tresna, Hib. Min. 445 , PH 4164 , Feis Tighe Chonáin 779 . trésna, Fél. Prol. 44 , TSh. 601 . trisna, Wb. 4a6 , Tur. 65 , Ml. 25b7 , 36c19 , 38d18 , etc. triasna, PH 4657 , BColm. 106.2 .

With pron. suff. 1 s. trium, Wb. 23b30 . tríom, DDána 3.16 . 2 s. triut, Ml. 44c11 , 88a16 , 17 , Sc.M² 9 (tréot, v.l.), Fél. Ep. 438 , IT i 70.14 , Ériu iii 137.55 . triut, LU 3255 . trit-su, PH 2664 . treot, RC xxvii 276.3 . treót, LU 8139 ( FB 10 ). thréodsa .i. thriodsa , O'Cl. tríod, TD 14.20 , DDána 110.47 . 3 s. m. and n. triit, Wb. 1d4 , 2b15 , 8d11 , Ml. 51b10 , Sg. 73b7 , 76b7 , Críth G. 549 , SR 172 , IT i 76.6 . tríit, Ml. 51d1 , Sg. 43a3 , 148b7 . tríit, TBC-LL¹ 1184 . triitt, BColm. 66.12 . trit, Wb. 27c2 , Mon. Tall. 156.10 , PH 7792 , Laws i 44.1 Comm. , Rosa Angl. 40.3 . tríd, DDána 32.35 , Content. vii 15 , TSh. 9831 . With lenited th-: thrít, TBC-LL¹ 3264 . thríd, Ériu ix 165 § 25 , TSh. 10785 . 3 s. f. tree, Wb. 2c4 , 5c17 . trée, Sg. 25b14 . treæ, Ml. 88b15 . trea (trethe, v.l.), BDD² 1231 . tre(i)the, -i, Sc.M² 1 , ZCP viii 104.18 , TBC-LL¹ 1946 , Laws i 144.2 Comm. , 24 P 8, 196.y (IGT), tréthi, PH 2385 . trithe, Fél.² lxxvii 29 , Maund. 80 . trithi, Stair Erc. 2493 . tríthe, TBC-LL¹ p. 651 n. 5 , DDána 54.28 . TD 10.25 (condemned in IGT, see citation below). With lenited th—: thríthi, TD 13.8 . thríthe, IGT Decl. ex. 1065 . 1 pl. triunni, Wb. 14c16 , Ml. 129d20 . tríonn, Dán Dé x 9 , DDána 40.17 . trín-ne, 40.28 . With lenited th-: thrínn, Dán Dé xxvii 32 . thrín, Studies 1921, 589 § 7 . 2 pl. triib, Wb. 3b22 . triuib, TTr.² 1766 . tribh, DDána 30.15 , TD 14.37 . 3 pl. treu, Wb. 28c18 , 30c13 , Ml. 42b13 , 42c11 . tréu, 42d2 . treo, Sg. 4b4 , 138a4 , Críth G. 540 , BDD² 1278 (treu, tréu, v.ll.). tréo, TBC-LL¹ 3448 . treothu, SR 327 , 4311 , PH 1216 . treotho, AU i 578.7 . treotha, Laws i 44.10 Comm. tretho, iii 362.22 . tretha, Ériu xii 190.y . trithu, PH 4637 , MR 194.15 . tritha, Marco P. 145 . tríotha, TSh. 8342 . thríotha, A IV 3, 771.x . trithibh, BNnÉ 324.6 .

In Mid. and Mod. Ir. also with infixed -m-, and -o- instead of -e- (infl. of ré n-): 1 s. treamhum, DDána 39.23 . tréamham (: dhéanamh), Ó Bruad. iii 22.5 . treamham .i. thriom, O'Cl. 2 s. tremut, PH 2424 . tromud, YBL 149b7 . tromhat, SG 69.34 . 3 s. m. tre(i)m(h)it, -d, PH 2645 , BColm. 78.23 , Laws v 172.z Comm. , DDána 101.8 (: dtig), AFM iii 128.x , CCath. 3944 . treimheit (: dheit), Content. ix 7 . treimhid .i. trid, O'Cl. 3 s. f. trempi, TTebe 3287 , MR 202.1 . troimpi, IGT Decl. ex. 1124 (treimpi, v.l.). With lenition thrempi, PH 268 . 3 pl. trempu, PH 8155 . treampa, Hugh Roe 94.18 . treampa .i. triotha, O'Cl. treompo, TTebe 1909 . trompa, 24 P 8, 196.y (IGT), Leb. Gab.(i) 104.16 , Lism. L. 4609 . triomhtha, Ó Bruad. ii 190.10 .

The following forms are given for syllabic verse in Bard. Synt. Tr. 7.21 : tríom, tromham, treamham; tríod, tríot tromhad, treamhad, tromhat, treamhat; tríd, troimhe, treimhe; tríotha, l. a ghearradh, trithe, l. a shíneadh, troimpe, treimpe; troimhid, treimhid, troimhit, treimhit ...; trínn, tromhuinn, treamhuinn; tríbh, tromhuibh, treamhaibh; tríotha, trompa, treampa.

With poss. adj.: 1 s. trem, Wb. 17b33 , 23b23 , 30a25 , TBC-LL¹ 3132 , TD 39.2 . trim, Ml. 44b29 , 89a2 , 127a3 . triam, RC vi 176.59 . 2 s. trit, Ml. 62d4 , 87a9 . triat, SR 1484 , 1727 , TBC-I¹ 2811 . tret, Sc.M² 11 (triat, v.l.), DDána 101.8 . tred, TBC-LL¹ p. 617 n. 10 , DDána 56.9 . trét, PH 2599 . 3 s. and pl. tria, Wb. 1b5 , Ml. 37b23 , Sg. 211b5 , Críth G. 214 ; f. Wb. 10a3 ; pl. Wb. 8a14 , Ml. 28d15 , Sg. 3a11 . tría, Ml. 30c5 . triánn drochgnímu, 84c14 . trea, Wb. 29d29 , 33c7 , Hib. Min. 214 ; f. TBFr. 234 (treda, MS.); pl. Wb. 19a12 , 29a7 , Fél. Jan. 4 (tria, v.l.). tr, TTebe 1017 . thre, Ériu i 28.193 . tré a, TSh. 472 . triana, SR 5201 , BDD² 1164 ; f. IT i 125.24 . trena, LU 3292 ; f. DDána 16.6 ; pl. PH. 7056 . trina, Maund. 44 ; pl. TBC-LL¹ 3616 . tréna, TSh. 8343 ; f. Dán Dé xxv 49 ; pl. Studies 1924, 242 § 11 . treimhid a tromaibh, TBC-LL¹ p. 315 n. 2 . trīd a (sic MS.), Feis Tighe Chonáin 1705 , O'Cl. s.v. tré. 1 pl. triar , Ml. 83c11 , 100d14 . trear, Wb. 26a27 . tre ar, DDána 10.5 . trénar, Dán Dé xxv 18 . 2 pl. tri bar, Wb. 9d24 . tri far, Ml. 115b8 . tre bar, Wb. 14c17 , 27a1 . tre far, 23d16 . tre bhar, DDána 95.22 .

With aile: trialaile, Wb. 10a4 . trinaroile, Stair Erc. 2156 . trenaroili, 809 .

With rel.: trisa mbí, Wb. 3d21 . trissa nétatsat, Ml. 57a3 . trisnansoirthae, 124a8 . trisá netar, 126b19 . trisin-damrobae, 126d11 . tresa mbí, Wb. 23b5 . tresindippiat, tresindabia, 25d8 . tressa naithnuigther, Thes. ii 253.12 . tresambed, Mon. Tall. 164.7 . tres-in iumfhoilngither, PH 6250 . trias-a roichet, 5904 . triasradībdad, Cáin Ad. 21 . tríasa n-agailledar, RC xiii 269.13 . tre' tig, PH 7792 . tré dtuillmid, Donlevy 152.12 . tre a bhfuil, DDána 107.6 . tre ar fhás, 10.17 . tré nach faghar, Content. xvi 85 . trina tic, ZCP vi 272 § 11 . trinar marbh se, 279.2 . tríd nar bh'oircheas, DDána 46.1 . thríd nach fuighinn, 25a.4 . tremit ar harced, Ann. Conn. 1236.12 .

I In local senses.

(a) through . Of countries, territories, etc.: dia luid duaid ... tri glenn iosofád, Ml. 58c4 . rethid ... tré airechtu athluma, | tre buidnib ban ..., | tre cholltib, tre chathracha (of the writer's thoughts), Ériu iii 14 § 3 . do hionnarbadh inn | tre Chlár ... bhFéilim, TD 15.9 . along roads, across bridges, fords, etc.: trisna cemmen i nandais beus gl. hii psalmi graduum dicuntur qua in ascensu Templi canebantur per ea interualla ... `through the steps on which they continued to halt,' Ml. 133b4 . trisna foirthiu ailitherdi gl. peregrina per marmora `through the foreign fords (?),' Tur. 65 . ni bhaoi conair ... act trésan droichet, Hugh Roe 94.18 . triall ... tré bhealach bhriste na cána, TSh. 2589 . Of apertures, doors, etc.: ol in spiurt noib tri giun in fatho, Ml. 74d13 . do aircechain tria ginu na fer fireon, Laws i 16.6 . cethri drolaim ... | asind airc ... | dá drol treothu, SR 4311 . bid indtechta tria críathar n-átha bar ṁbrúar, BDD² 1295 . tria tholl na comla, ACL iii 308 vi 20 . nos tairnged tria ladraib a choss, TBC-LL¹ 1408 . trit in dorus sin, ZCP vi 284.32 . through the midst of a crowd of people, army, etc.: acht mad treo docoí `except he have gone through them (the enemy)' (note), Críth G. 540 . culu tria neit ... .i. amal teit carpat ... tria chath, ACC 2 . dolen Sir Heront trit in cath e, ZCP vi 69.22 . dol trempa gan airisiumh, AFM vi 2162.x . Of buildings: cóic shéoit i ndul tria thech tria lías, Críth G. 214 . ragaid ... tria choimtig inn rígthaigi (a sword), BDD² 1248 . secht sligeda trethe (of a bruden), Sc.M² 1 . Of garments, shields, etc.: co tregda in fer tria scíath, Críth G. 555 . atconnairc Cu Chulaind ... a gualaind tresin cochull, LU 3788 . ro gonadhsan cach tairsí ┐ treithi ┐ séici (bricht comga), TBC-LL¹ p. 359 n. 7 . Of the body or parts of the body: ? rog[lan]ad són tria deis gl. arcton [dextra tenet] (simile of the four parts of the Cross and the four cardinal points), Tur. 142 . bróenán fola ... | tria thóebán, Fél. Ep. 352 . triam taebh, RC vi 176.59 . triana chend, TBC-LL¹ 1268 . budh iomdha ... tre chneas ... | soighead, TD 16.66 . Of a surface, skin, the earth etc.: cach luib tricc ticc tria thalmain, SR 1926 . nocha bhí clúmh trés an gcreig | nach creid ... dhuid `there is no verdure on the rock but trusts ...,' Dán Dé xxix 26 . Cf. co faisctis a drucht ┐ a uanfadh tremit so that its dew and foam were squeezed from it (of the moon), CCath. 3944.

Various: anadchither tri themel, Wb. 12c12 . ni forcmat óin chomsuidigud trea nuili aimsera `through all their tenses,' Sg. 157b9 . arbeittet bairtni bindi | tri laith linni ainm nAeda `melodious bardisms modulate through pools of liquor the name of Aed,' Thes. ii 295.17 . condelgdar tresna thri grad `it is compared through the three degrees,' Hib. Min. 445 . atracht iarom trena chotlud, LU 3292 , `he arose then out of his sleep,' SCC² 82 . ionmhuin taidhbhse táinig sonn | aréir trem chodladh chugom, TD 39.2 . íar ndul triit after it has leaked (of a cauldron), Críth G. 549 . comhradh leanb ar luaidheadh thrín `all that we uttered was childish talk' (lit. all that was mentioned among us), Studies 1921, 589 § 7 . re dul thríd in going through it (a book), Donlevy iv 11.

(b) Implying mixture, mingling, etc.: imchomarc co naithisib triit `a question with revilings through it,' Ml. 54c13 . snechta tria shín lūades gáeth `through a snowstorm,' Thes. ii 331.4 . fuair Dia ... | domblas aoi tre fhíon arsuidh, Aithd. D. 98.30 . fuaim a sruth ... | tre ghuth ainglidhe a healtan, TD 13.5 . an clúmh ┐ an luaith do chor tréna chéile, TSh. 174 . In phrases corresponding to the Mod. Ir. tré theine on fire: atā trē doiger derg-lasrach donn-ruaide (of a burning wood), ML² 958 . cáer theinntidhe dfaicsin tre lasadh ó mhullach an tighe, ITS xvi 8.28 . fuair a réghlés féin tré choirthir smáil teineadh ┐ tennáil, Ériu v 76.24 .

(c) Personal forms ref. to object of verbs of cutting : co treghdfad in tsleg trithi hī (a pig), Fianaig. 66.12 . gur comraind in imdaig ... trempi co talmain and cut clean through the couch, MR 202.1 . roscris in t-eideth ara druim ┐ rogerr in dilat aluind oraighi trithi cut through the saddle, ZCP vi 70.28 .

(d) 3 s. trít in adverbial phrases. t.¤ sís, anuas, siar throughout: ┐ a n-illradh tríd sís, IGT Decl. § 42.11 . greagh, cert lethan tríd sís as .c. aige, § 45. inann ghabaid [uile] tríd anúas (of nouns declined in same way), § 37 . a lán féinneadh feadh an tighe, | tríd siar `all through the house,' TD 11.17 . t.¤ amach absolutely, completely: aderim gurub é is lan and trit amach `absolute fulness,' Rosa Angl. 40.3 . Note also : ni triit tarsnu toimsideir not diametrically is it measured (the earth), SR 172.

(e) téit tre lit. goes through (of an attack, battle-charge): rachthair thairsiu is tréo, TBC-LL¹ 3448 . docuatarsom foithib ┐ tríthu ┐ tarrsa, D IV 2, 45ra44 . is trithu nach tiaghar, MR 194.15 . violates, breaks (an oath): arna te nech tria lugae, Ml. 36a23 . dul tria aitiri, Críth G. 306 . Cf. nach ccuirfeadh féin ... trīd a mhionnuibh é (sic leg.), Feis Tighe Chonáin 1705 . ? cid fín bárc do-téised treut (treu, treothu, v.ll.), BDD² 740 (see note).

II In temporal senses.

(a) tri rei ciana `for long times,' Ml. 90d14 . condib tria nuile ṁbethaid ón dano ┐ nib cuit ree `that it should be so through their whole life,' Tur. 71 . do toscelad áiss aescai ... tri bliadni incholnigtheo `through the years of the Incarnation,' Thes. ii 41.24 . isintt urtt chetna biae tre cach oena `(thou) shalt continue under the same rule through each fast,' Mon. Tall. 154.3 . tres-in sechtmain-sea throughout this week, PH 461.

(b) In adverbial phrase tre bithu, tre bith sír, etc., for ever, everlastingly: tre bithu, Fél. Mar. 31 . do gress doib, ... tria bithu coa airfitiud, SR 684 . tria bitho, Snedg. u. Mac R 12 § 52 . tria bitha sír, ZCP viii 108.17 . tre bhiotha síor, TD 15.18 . tria bith sir, PH 1938 . tre bhioth síor, TD 13.39 . tria bithu betha, TBC-LL¹ 2704 . tre saeghul na saegal, Ev.Inf. (LFF) 171 § 24 . tré shaoghal na saoghal in saecula saeculorum, TSh. 2052.

III Indicating the medium or attendant circumstances of a communication, action, etc. (in many of the follg. exx. the meaning approximates to that in tre IV infra).

(a) tri insci redi ... duadbat som ... `through speech ...,' Ml. 51c11 . dufornditer ... a ngnimae inna rig sin tri delba ban, 65c16 . tri throp ` figuratively ,' 65b14 . in moltai dogniín se tri bindius ┐ chlais, 136a8 . rosluinter ... tre rangabáil in persan hisin, Sg. 189b2 . doasilbthaer triit som gníim ... do neuch (of the word sui), 209a1 . in tre prois ... roceta int[ṡ]ailim, Hib. Min. 175 . titul do scribend ... tria litrib Ébra, PH 2877 . cennsa ... ┐ 'áilgeni tuicther tres-in snechta is understood by, 3386 . cōic anmand dēc tre blaid mbinn | fil d'anmanaib for Bōïnn, ZCP viii 106.1 . tuic let ... na Tiabanda taetencha i sidh in[a] cathrachaib ... trésna helaib understand by the swans ... the Thebans, TTebe 1233 . coic cetfada ... rotidhnaicedh o Dhia don cinedh doenna ... d'fegad De trompa, Lism. L. 4609 . nolabraidis na ceithri tre glor ndaenda with a human voice, CCath. 886 . adbeart ... trē bhogāssaigh urlapra ┐ trē dhānacht glōir ... go raghadh, Fl. Earls 50.3 . Note also: ata dedi ara scribhtar in tituil tria derg in red ink, Hib. Min. 241.

(b) Introducing the particular language of a communication: trí ilbélre gl. linguis loquens, Wb. 12c34 . co n-epistlib immdaib ... tria Goedeilg, IT i 19.37 . berla na filed, triasa n-agailledar cach dib a chele, RC xiii 269.13 . bennaighes tre n-a thengaid fein doib-sen, KMMisc. 317.12 .

(c) With abstract noun indicating the attendant circumstances of an action: isber Mói[d]ógc tria ocla móir `in great wrath,' BColm. 74.7 . do sloind tre medhair mhileis `told with sweet gladness,' Ériu iv 116.16 . roboi cinniud tria chombáig `a comrades' covènant,' RC iii 183.7 . adeirid cách liom tré rún | go bhfuil ..., TD 22.20 . "cuin do bhí againn t'éara" | cantar uainn tré aithmhéala, DDána 29.25 . do gluais fein tre mire ┐ tre mormenmain ... roime in anger and haughtiness, L. Chl. S. 4.1 . Cf. adeirim ris an saoghal cromadh trésan déirc to resort to almsgiving, TSh. 190.

(d) Introducing the authorisation of an action, the person or thing invoked, etc.: is tri ísu predchimse, Wb. 1d9 . guidmit-ne ... tu-sa ... tré-t miadamla, PH 2599 . soghuidhe an rí tres an rí tres an ríoghain, DDána 30.27 . do bheannaigh[ea]dur damh tresna déibh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 779.

IV Instrumental and causal. These two meanings merge into each other, and in O. Ir. particularly many exx. will bear either interpretation (cf. Fraser, ZCP viii 61 f. ).

(a) Instrum. through, by means of: condagaibtis int ais amprom tria nintleda `through their snares,' Ml. 31c6 . adchotadsam triar saithar, 92c5 . amal is trí accomol nildule conterissedar in domon sic imfolangar oínmolad do dia tri chocetal inna nule ṅdule, 145c4 . á híc tria fuil, Wb. 2b11 . ce rudglanta tri bathis, 4a6 . in tan dombeir in dea aithesc tre chomthoud talmaidech, Sg. 162a4 . tre airde ┐ firto, Thes. ii 253.4 . is tre trocuiri ... dotaegar hi cresiniu, Hib. Min. 356 . ro promtha tré martrai, Fél. June 27 . donrat fri saeth tria aslach, SR 1342 . niba hicc deitsiu tre Findio `thou shalt get no cure through Findio,' Mon. Tall. 154.15 . do sarughadh tria firta ┐ mirbaile `overcome by the great signs and miracles,' Laws i 14.19 . tri neim ... no-bíata co-ralta ár fer n-Ērenn impe (of a pig), Sc.M² 5 . cia ... nách greisfider im dénum maithiusa trias-na mírbulib-sea, PH 4657 . rob ingnadh le cāch a ceird | ... | triasa fa[g] badais crodh cain `whereby they won goodly treasure,' Ériu iv 174 § 9 . co findud slondud trit beos `he discovers the name by this means,' Laws i 44.1 Comm. braighde Ēirenn ... | gabhais tre rīghe is tre nert, ZCP viii 108.22 . foillsighthir do triana eochraib écsi ... E. do bith i sith B.L., IT i 129.22 . do fhionnfuinn thríd do threisi `I should learn thy strength by it,' Ériu ix 165 § 25 . dá raibhe ní sa mheasa ... dheallruigheas tréna ghné specie sui, TSh. 8343 . Cf. rohicait a crecha ris dona buaib tremi⃛ ar harced he in the matter of which he had been plundered, Ann. Conn. 1236.12 .

(b) Causal on account of, by reason of (frequent with follg. vn.): combad mou de la dia a serc tri epert dosom adruthreb side indib, Ml. 92c4 . amal dundechutar doinmecha dunni triar pecthu, 111c14 . is tria hiris rambái cach maith, Wb. 2c13 . is hed dotheít de tre ilar na ndáne i nilur na persan `through the multitude of the gifts in the multitude of the persons,' 22a11 . tre thesbaid naich baill dind deilb, Sg. 5a5 . cid tre étged rop othar, Críth G. 61 . tré chin drochmna, IT i 75.6 . co n-éigit na haingil co sérb ... tria mar dho-míllset na dáine in gáel glaine do-bí doib ríu, PH 7431 . tresna ceōlaib sein ar sein | do creit Grigair in Comdid, ZCP viii 114.18 . is treothu na mortlaidi (faults of a prince), ACL iii 315 § 36 . do chogadh tre chloinn nUisnigh `to avenge,' Aithd. D. 6.31 . tre bheith do shluagh flatha Fáil | re luadh gcatha, TD 4.37 . is glór tré dhlús dighe soin `they (i.e. words) are inspired by hard drinking,' Content. xxv 4 . ba cara do-sam cech oen dib trena athair ┐ tremit fein on his father's account and on his own, Ann. Conn. 1225.6 . adubairt go crochfadh a muinntir uili tre bas in dithrebaig, Maund. 128 . is í cúis uma dtáinig Partholón ... tré mar do mharbh sé a athair `because he had slain his father,' Keat. i 160.74 . na sagairt ghlacas leagáid ... tre ghuidhe orra in return for, on condition of , TSh. 4513 . tángadar teachta ó rígh Laighean ... do thairgsin séad ┐ maoine dhóibh ... ó Laighnibh tré thilleadh don Mhumain tar a n-ais `if they returned,' Keat. iii 3146 . In phrase trít sin therefore: as tridsin do impoatar Ulltaigh ... airsium, RC xviii 268.24 . tríd sin, Keat. ii 654 . treimit sin, Fen. 302.15 . tremit-side, Ann. Conn. 1284.2 . do-icc tre is brought about by, is due to: is triuib tháníc cech n-olc, TTr.² 1766 . na huilc-si do thecht trit, PH 7792 . nó go ndéanann mo chlí cionnta | ní fhéaghann sí a dtiocfa tríd, Dán Dé x 5 . is tromhat táinic lot ... mu ríghisea, SG 69.34 .

In compds. tremi-, tris- with vbs., tre- with nouns and adjj. (often as intensive prefix), see separate articles.

2 úan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 úan or dil.ie/42751

Forms: úa, uan, úan

n o, m. a lamb : úa, IGT, Decl. § 96 . uan (gl. agnus), Ir. Gl. 459 . n s. primiti .i. ... cach cet laegh, ┐ cach cet u.¤ , Laws i 52.7 Comm. u.¤ molt a wether lamb , iv 144.29 . u.¤ boinind a she-lamb , ib. 30 . u.¤ meich (.i. uan is fiu miach cruithnechta .i. is fiu screpall), v 84.20 ( 22 ). u.¤ firenn bliadne, SR 3901 . u.¤ firend bliadnaide, PH 5099 . a d s. frithalid in n-u.¤ cen locht | do idpairt in cach oenphort, SR 3905 . amail ata a nuan caorach na tri scriboll, Laws iii 372.24 . g s. gurab séimhe mar oileamhain feóil an uain ioná an mheannáin, TSh. 8955 . n a du. cach mil conbeirris dedi, .i. da uan iar cae, .i. an cura, Laws i 146.14 . n p. ní tíaghad oirc na huain a comingaire co lunasadh, iv 100.6 Comm. it loig, it úain co ndath, Imr. Brain § 38 . co táncatar ind úain co hopunn dochum a máthar, Trip.² 135 . Three Hom. 8.17 . a p. úan, Luke x 3 . g p. ingaire uan ocus laegh (to be taught to the sons of the `ócaire'), Laws ii 152.10 Comm. dia terpúd na n-úan, Three Hom. 8.19 . d p. datha na flesc cotagaib | hed nobid forsna huanaib, SR 2964 .

Of the Paschal lamb: nó-edpairtha ... in t-uan cáscda, PH 5071 . is and-sin doromaltatar in n-uan cáscdai, 5109 . Cf. 5080 . Ísu Crist ..., ro-remfhiugrad trias-in u.¤ cáscdhai, 5106 . iar tomailt ind uain chascdha, 5211 . an túan cásgdha, Matthew xxvi 19 . do chaitheamh an [úain] chasgdha xxvi 17 . an [túan] Cásg, Mark xiv 12 , 14 . Heb. xi 28 .

Fig., etc. Of Christ: do chaoi Peadar ... | fa pháis an Uain ainglidhe, Studies 1927, 89.26 . uan caorach gile, 1934, 436.22 . ac-so uan Dé, PH 3794 . LB 144b55 (= Agnus Dei). do ḟóir pubal na sé slúagh | mar rugadh úan Dé dá ndín, IGT, Decl. ex. 735 . canait ceol ... | i ndiaid ind Uain etrochtai, SR 600 , 602 . Uan Mhoire, Studies 1933, 311.32 . nocht do chíogh ar uan t'ochta (to Mary), A. Ó Dálaigh xix 11 . trēt na n-úan ... 'món Uan n-úag nemlochtaigthe, SR 592 . fuil in uain némlochtaig, PH 2399 . Of the soul: a Dhé Athar ... | uan dod thréad is eadh m'anam, Studies 1931, 80.1 . lasfail tret na n-úan, SR 591 . Of a lady: m'uan beag cáidh ..., Hackett xii 15 . In comparisons: fear dá charaid nach taise dhuit uan beag, Keat. Poems 1444 . mar úana a measg mhadra allta, Luke x 3 . In disparagement of a warrior: noco rucaimse cend úain bic don dúnud, LU 5755 (Nad Crandtail to Cú Ch.).

Compds.: ¤dalta: (of Christ) [a] uandalta Muire idir an laochraidh leomhanta, Studies 1932, 433 § 5 . ¤orc: rob é a huan-orc Rí na ríogh | cuanort ar a thí fa truagh, Dán Dé xxvi 8 .