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dígbál ,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dígbál , or dil.ie/16305
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dígbáil, díghbala, díbail

ā, f. (vn. of do-gaib) n s. dígbáil, Sg. 45b7 and in Mid. Ir. IGT Decl. § 149 .

(a) taking away, lessening, diminishing; diminution: ní bí digbail folad ann diminution of substance, Sg. 45b7 . cen tulled cen dígbáil, LU 2548 = RC xxv 238 , cf. PH 5094 . ni chumaing nech . . . a thormach nach a digbáil, SR 3124 . digbail . . . tormach, Laws v 108 Comm. is ferr for tormach oldas for ndigbail, RC xxiv 147 (TBFr.). deich mile do marcachaib . . . ba sí ann dígbail slóig Aissia that was the loss of the A. army, Alex. 287 . trénfer cech lae dia ndigbail reducing their number by a warrior a day, SR 5788 . ba digbáil faelti . . . do na hAffraic[d]ib the joy of the A. was diminished, CCath. 3176 . rogab for serg ┐ digbail, 973 . digbail neich den praind, Mon. Tall. § 58 . anaid gal cāich dia ndentar digabal a prainde if his rations are cut down (?), Corm. Y 418 s.v. digal (= digal, LB). is didbail na haimsire toirnes duir it is a diminution of the time that d denotes, Auraic. 1568 . bi maille . . . re digbail caithmhe in uidh (= bhídh), 3 C 19, 248va23 . ferr buidi inā dīgbāl (prov.) content is better than lessening, i.e. extravagance (?), ZCP vi 261 (= digbail, LL 345d3 ). cailte dígbála (women are) grudging of expenditure, Tec. Corm. § 16 . séan díoghbhála a tteacht asteagh `the entrance (of poets) is an omen of expenditure', Ériu v 56 . co nach roisedh neach secha gan a dígbail fris without his spending on him (i.e. entertaining him, of a hospitaller), Laws v 16.14 , 78.17 . nach fétar fiss dígbala in uilc-sin d'fhaisnés it is not possible to tell how to do away with the evil, PH 7787 . In legal phr. d.¤ láime lit. ` taking away the hand' used of relaxation of pressure brought to bear by a surety (trebaire, etc.) on an absconding person who later submits to law and compensates the surety: icad-sum digbail a laime risin fer amach, Laws iii 122 Comm. da tisadh in ceili . . . re dligedh a fognumha na gebtha uadh . . . dighbhail a laimhe dic re trebhairi, O'D. 2361 ( Rawl. B 506, 42b ) = O'Curry 416 ( H 3.18 228b ). intan tic cintach re cert ica díghbhail a laime re cechtar de, O'Curry 2552 ( Eg. 88, 46 (47)c ). nocha nicar ní ris acht digbail nama (of the sale of a stolen article), O'D. 860 ( H 3.17 613 ). Of an illness, abatement: a nd.¤ in ḟiabhrusa, 3 C 19, 3va23 . ag foillsiugad dighbhala na heasláinte, 259vb18 . an easlainte do bheith iona dhiobhail, 7va19 .

(b) loss, privation, want: 'nar cuiris mo mac do dighbhail (dith, v.l.) orum since you caused me the loss of my son, Fier. 99 . digbáil an fuaraidheacht = privatio vera frigiditas, O'Gr. Cat. 258 . díoghbháil aoisi unripe years (one of the impediments to marriage), Ó Héodhusa 220 . Donlevy 342 . pían na dígbála (techn. term in theology): pían na díoghbála .i. do beith derbhtha nách faicfe tú go brath gnúis Dé (part of punishment of Hell, opp. to p. na gcédfadh tortures), Mac Aingil 27 . Cf. dha sort peine .i. pian na gcédfadh ┐ na díoghbhala, Luc. Fid. 178 . As n.pr. m. (symbolic): Dighbail ┐ Espaid a n-anmanna, Acall. 6163 . In grammar the privative case , name given to subst. preceded by prep. DE, e.g. den fhiur, den fir, Auraic. 1525 . 1888 .

(c) detriment, damage, injury (with gen. or DO of person injured): cen far ndigbáil without detriment to you, Wb. 24d15 . ata pecad na drúisi ina dígbáil don chomarsain, PH 7442 . gan dighbail Fhindein no a lebhair do techt ass, BCC § 168 . ni derna an pest digbail do, § 196 . cred do rinne me . . . dorachadh a n-easonoir no a ndighbhail don Bhainrioghain, Shane O'Neill's Corres. ( Ulster Journ. Arch. v 269 ). an tí doní ar ndígbail, 3 B 22, 31b11 . mairg [dá] ndeachaidh i ndíoghbháil alas for him whom it harmed, A. Ó Dálaigh lii 40 . tóigfid suas comhairc na díoghbhála a cry of destruction, Isaiah xv 5 . comhtha d'faghail do mac D. . . . i n-ionad a dhíoghbhála ó R., AFM iv 670 . With subj. gen. (?): ní íocfa a Ghéag Thoighe Tháil | acht oile dhéag do[d ?] dhíoghbháil the 12th part of the damage caused by thee (?), Gofraidh Fionn ix § 24 ( DDána 101 ). pl. leiseóchar co dingbāla na díghbala any damage shall be made good, Fianaig. 72 . díoghbhála móra do dhénamh d'Ua N., AFM v 1810 . Also díbail: impo slán iarum can d.¤ , ALC ii 322 . coimedfaid sé h'oghacht can d.¤ unimpaired (said to Mary), 3 B 22, 50b35 .

Note also: dithell .i. dibail no dith, O'Curry 571 ( H 3.18 285 ). is inann dichell ┐ dibail, 575 (286). cen forcned, cin dibail, 1981 ( H 4.22 19 ).