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aindíles

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aindíles or dil.ie/1236

 

adj (díles) (perh. also aindílis, i-stem) not proper to, not one's own: clann aindílis an fuind gloin not native to, Prolegomena 42 § 15 . ingen dílius aindílius do bhí ac Finn i.e. a daughter whose parentage was doubtful, Acall. 539 . sealbh aindíleas `unlawful possessions', Dán Dé xvi 3 . mairg recus a atharthir ndúthaig arin oilithir nandilis, LB 256b49 . gach aen ara mbiadh leithbr[ia]thar . . . dámad dileas é . . . damad aindíleas hé if the reproach were untrue(?), Acall. 7997 ( SG 233.19 ). As adv. na hiarraid édail co handilis, 3 B 22, 32 a16 . aderur craidhi o da modhuibh .i. modh dib co haindilés ` improperly ', Rosa Angl. 126.13 . As n subst. fo gniad (= do-g.) a armu diles don andiles his arms make his what was not his, MR 54.8 . doní mor n-diles d'aindles, 60.10 .

Cf. indles.

? ar-said

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? ar-said or dil.ie/4288

 

v (saidid)

(a) sits before: arsaid cach n-áth conid día thuil targlaí he holds every ford(?), LU 8312 ( FB 23 ).

(b) Perh. also in follg. in sense of stays, remains, accumu- lates: acht arsuig foigelt fo miad nairme ┐ re .i. tairisig fogelt . . . but grazing remains (as payment ?) according to number . . ., Laws ii 76.13 . ar saigh deste .i. tairisigh in tiruairsi the remainder remains(?), O'Curry 2716 ( Eg. 88, 60b ) = arsaidh deastui dileas .i. tairisidh aice in tiruairside na dechaid i lobadh don athgabail coro hicthar fogeltadh tar a cenn, 683 (H 3.18, 332). fosuid cach aititiu; adsuidet foluid rudrad cach ronaidm . . . ar said aititiu, Laws iii 10.9 . Cf. ar-saig, ar-suidi, ad-suidi, ar-sissedar.

cechtar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cechtar or dil.ie/8437

 

Forms: chechtair

indecl. pron. (ceachtair (n s.), BDD² 350 . chechtair (g s.), TTebe 4518 ). With follg. gen. or de (see below). See GOI 311 .

(a) each (of), both (of). With noun in g du.: fric.¤ indafersaso, Ml. 112d1 . c.¤ inda leithe sin gl. in duas partes, Sg. 25b6 . c.¤ dalino, 162b2 . c.¤ indapopul `each of the two peoples', Ml. 46b30 . an diall óch.¤ indarann gl. ex utraque parte, Sg. 74b5 . for c.¤ adaṡyllab, 220b8 . baí fer c.¤ a da thóeb, LL 19636 ( Metr. Dinds. iv 54 ).

(b) With follg. pers. pron.: marb c.¤ nathar dialailiu `dead is each of us twain to the other', Wb. 20c26 . maith la c.¤ nár a dán, Thes. ii 294.2 . c.¤ fathar, BNnÉ 303 § 12 . c.¤ nái .i. mulier et innubta , Wb. 10b11 . hic.¤ nái, Sg. 42b5 (see note). is dilmain ṅdo ch.¤ ṅhái, 215a2 . a toirsegud . . . cectarnai diaraile, Cog. 58.25 . With added poss. adj.: a ccura c.¤ nae, Hugh Roe² 188.1 .

(c) With 3 pl. pron. replaced by de (see GOI 280 ): iscosc et cuindrech forcechtarde, Wb. 19c21 . iscoitchen doc.¤ de ainm alaili gl. commoni uocabulo utrumque significatur, Ml. 14d12 . is cummae m bis menmae c.¤ de fri togais alaili, 31a23 . fogur c.¤ de aralailiu gl. alternos inter se sonos, Sg. 4a8 . óin guth fri c.¤ de gl. per haec duo tempora, 147a5 . c.¤ de, Ériu v 222.30 . BColm. 92.19 . i c.¤ de in each case, Laws i 94.23 Comm. See cechtardae.

(d) With pleonastic use of pron. and de: c.¤ n-ai a da brúad each of his two brows, IT i 310.38 . im chechtarnae dhíobh, Hugh Roe² 96.12 . lá ceachtarna aca, AFM v 1358.10 . cechtarde nadaprimleth, SR 4290 . cóeca ban cechtarde na da ban aili the fifty attendants of each of the other two women, LU 8375 ( FB 25 ). ceactar de na da mart, O'D. 1748 ( H 2.16, 937 ). is fiach . . . do ch.¤ de dibh, O'Curry 1930 (23 P 3, 25b). go ro ghon cechtar nae diobh aroile, AFM vi 2162.6 . See cechtarnae.

(e) In later lang. either (of two), one or other (of two or more) (freq. in neg. or condit. sentences): gan ceachtar ag géile (= géillead) ar aon taobh, Oss. iv 112.20 . ma fer lesach acrus c.¤ de `either of them', Laws i 146.28 Comm. c.¤ de glóir ┐ sonus nó . . . `eyther glory and happyness, or . . . ', RSClára 143a .

(f) With DI and dat. or 3 pl. of prep. (DI, OC): ní mó do rinneas aoinní / . . . / i n-aghaidh ceachtar dhíobh, Content. xvi 9 . gur gnáthach ceachtar do cheithre hainiarsmaibh . . . ag toidheacht, TSh. 5424 . c.¤ acu one or other of them, Stair Erc. 1827 . a cceachtar don dá dhoras, Desid. 3443 . an tan nach bhfuil ceachtar dhíobh díleas , Donlevy 478.27 . With DO: nó gur bás do cheachtar dhuinn, Oss. iv 140.4 .

confadach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. confadach or dil.ie/12103

 

adj o, ā (confaid) rabid; raging, furious . Of dogs etc.: fæl c.¤ , TTebe 1603 . do bheathadhachaibh confadhacha, TSh. 5701 . Of persons: a curaid confadacha, Fianaig. 88.19 . ón druing chonfadhaigh, TSh. 7995 . As pn sobriquet: Cappall c.¤ , LL 3450 . Other applications: m'[fh]erand dileas . . . c.¤ `warlike', TTebe 564 . tar crécht confadhach, Acall. 7576 . t'imneadh confadhach, Measgra D. 60.4 .

Adv. go ceannard confadhach, TBC-LL¹ p. 893 n. 4 . Compar. confadaid (sic) C. ina C., MR 262.16 .

dán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dán or dil.ie/14559
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dáno, dánu, dánou, dána, dáin, dána, dánai, dána, dánta, dánae, dána, dán, dánai, ndán, dán, dánae

n u, m. g s. dáno, dánu, dánou, dána; mod. also dáin. n du. dá dána , LL 99 a 29 . n pl. dánai, dána (both in Wb); mod. also dánta. g pl. dánae, dána and once dán (supported by the metre) SR 7212 . —Dim. dánán ( ZCP x 370 ), q.v.

I A gift, bestowal, endowment, present , translating Lat. donum, donatio and glossed by ascid, tindnacol, tidlaic, bronntanas. dán do thabairt (do thindnacul, do dáil, do ḟodáil) do to bestow upon. Dán in sense I is not found in the Laws; the legal terms for gift are tidnacol, 2 aiscid.

(a) in a material sense. dán .i. tidhnacul, Stowe Gl. 311 . dán airgid .i. maoin no aisgid airgid a gift of silver O'Cl. P. O'C. alali caillech dobert dán ṁbec disi hi rusc who gave her a little present (of fruit) in a basket Lism. L. 326. 14 , cf. Todd Lect. v 75. 7 . na draid tancatar do adrad Críst co ndánaib examla, PH 7113 . nothictis mic Israel co ndánaib ┐ dliged ┐ idpartaib don eclais sin in choimdhed, LB 122 a 24 . dánai na hecailse gifts given to the Church, its goods : airchinnig bíte ós inchaib martra nannaeb for dánaib ┐ dechmadaib na hecailsi, FA § 25 .

(b) in a spiritual sense.

(α) a gift from man to God, a spiritual offering; often in connection with idpart or dependent on adopair: na trí dána édbras ind eclais do Chríst .i. óige ┐ aithrigi ┐ lánamnus dligthech, PH 7082 . cura edpram dó na dána logmara sa .i. deigimrád ┐ deigbriathra ┐ deiggnim, ib. 7115 . co nérnend na dána trédai iris frescisciu ┐ déircc do Dia, ib. 7093 .

(β) a divine gift to man from God or the Holy Ghost, a Christian virtue looked upon as an emanation from the Holy Ghost , usually plural dánai. donationes secundum gratiam differentes: is sain dán cáich, Wb. 5 d 5 , 7 . sechiphé dán tra doberthar do neuch bad fri cumtach necolso immabera, ib. 13 a 3 (the same thought is expressed Wb. 22 a 11 : in aedificationem corporis Christi (i.e. the Church): is hed dothéit de tre ilar na ndáne). gratia habundans propter multos: mrechtrad inna ndáne tindnagtar do chách, ib. 15 c 2 . nítat ildáni do oenfiur et ní oen dán do sochuidi, ib. 21 a 16 . na decad in dán doradad dó fessin acht dán á cheli, ib. 23 c 16 . acht rocretea deacht Críst bit less ind huili dáni et na huili timne, ib. 27 b 15 . ni riat na dánu diadi aran indeb domunde, ib. 28 c 2 . fortgellam Dia dana (: slána) De we declare by God God's gifts SR 3611 . dán buidech briathar dimbrass a grateful gift is speech without boasting Ériu ii 63 st 3 . i coṅdiulg cech dána rothídnaic Dia do sruthib fetarlaice is dermáir in tidnacul tuc indiú dona hapstalu PH 5450 . in spirut noem inṡorchaidius ┐ ḟoillsigius dána ┐ derritus inna ṅgním ṅdiada, ib. 8082 ; cf. in spirut noeb ...roinṡorched dána ┐ derritiusa na ndliged ndiada don eclais, FA § 1 LB (which seems to correspond to the passage `arfuirid derritussa ┐ fochraice écsamla nimi dona bennachtnachaib' in the LU version). rodánaigthe a dánaib Dé tria secht fáthaib fáthsine, ZCP iii 21. 42 . duine co ndán ndligthech ṅDé, MacCarthy 40. 17 . dánai in spirto nóib the gifts of the Holy Ghost: doadbadar sunt ata nili dána in spirto et as nóindæ in spirut, Wb. 12 a 11 ( 1 Corinth. xii 11 ; cf. PH 5491 infra ). tairchella híc huili dánu in spirito, ib. 12 b 33 . tre thindnacul inna ndánæ in spirito do chách, ib. 21 c 2 . isé in spirut noeb sin ḟódlas a dhána dilsi do chách, PH 5491 ( 1 Corinth. xii 11 ). dána examla in spiruta noíb do thidnocul don eclais, ib. 5571 . They are seven: uair is secht ṅdána airegda airmither don spirut noem, ib. 8028 . hí figuir .vii. ṅdana spiritus sancti, Thes. ii 254. 9 . secht ndána in spiratu naoiṁ, O'Don. Suppl. 615 ( = secht tidluice i. s. n., 23 Q 1, p. 24 b 6 ). Their names are wisdom, intellect, counsel, vigour, knowledge, piety and fear of God: ecna intliucht comarle nert fis gaire gúr omon Fiadat for bith ché secht ndána Dé dún ZCP v 499 (stanza 4) .

(γ) in a special sense, a natural endowment, faculty, ability or talent, ingenium . fear creanus ... dliged ... dia tallaind tidnaic Dia do .i. isé Dia dotidnaic na dána sin do, Laws v 20. 13 , 25 .

II Skill in applying the principles of a special science; science; skill applied to the material or subject-matter of art; artistic faculty, art; especially the poetic faculty; the art of poetry . It translates Lat. ars. Synonyms elada, elatha, 1 fis, sous, airchetal. proficiebam in iudaismo, gl. ropsa airchinnech isin dán sin I have been a leader in that science Wb. 18 c 15 . is ecen do neuch fosisedar dán inna grammatic cotinola inna huili doilbthi, Thes. ii 6. 13 b 1 . badar liubair cacha dana issinn aracal irraibe Colum Cille books of every science Fél. 198 n 2 . ni bói dán aile innte acht legend ┐ scribend nammá quia ars ibi exceptis scriptoribus nulla habebatur Lat. Lives 92. 14 . Lochru ┐ Lucat Mael ithé...roptar auctair in dána sin inna sæbfáthsine inventores doni illius (sc. the druidical art), ib. 2. 6 . ocht ṅdalta do æs in dána druidechta na farrad, TBC-LL¹ 1071 . bar sciam ┐ bar ndán (v.l. náni) la Fiachra, RC xxiv 194. 10 . tria dan ┐ fisidecht a athar, ib. vi 178 l. 132 (v.l. from YBL). dénaid bhar ndána (i.e. music and dance)... Adubradar na mná nách dignidis dán go feastais a dtuarustol, Ériu iv 178. 16 , 18 . is dom sous matchous: a ndorigénai (sc. Brigit) do maith .i. is dom dán .i. is dom filidecht, Thes. ii 337. 21 . bretheam ...co ndán duis dfilidecht aigi a brehon with the skill of a `dos' in poetry Laws v. 92. 2 . aes cach dána núi cen inandus (sic leg.) na nastib, LL 197 a 9 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 180. 168 ). mac ind ḟiled cosin dán let the poet's son take to poetry ib. 148 a 11 . filid oldam anroth clí cano doss mac már...morsesser dian dan the seven who practise poetry ZCP v 499 st 7 (the bárd áine does not: ní fil dán lais, IT iii 5. 11 , 24. 10 . ní tuiremar dán lais, ib. iii 28 ). is oendán tegait .i. bairdne, IT iii 24. 18 , cf. ib. 6. 10 . i n(d)airib dána (sic leg.) in oakwoods of poetry ib. iii 106. 10 . dligid dan dúscad dligid fis foillsigud (sic YBL) MR 94. 16 . Gilla Aengussa O Cluman ollam Condacht re dán, RC xviii 165. 9 . beanuimsi fós (says Marvan to the sgeulees) a hucht mu dhia bar ndán díbh uili gan énrand do dhénumb ó so amach acht aenduan namá I deprive you all of your poetic faculty Oss. v 102. 18 . Ecna mac na trí ṅdea ṅdána, RC xxvi 30 , 139 . áes dána people of art ZCP x 370 , After Rome 34 , esp. poets (cf. IV): is annsin doeirgheadar aos dána an rígh do ghabháil a nduan ┐ a ndán do chách, Atlantis iv 198. 15 . re haes dána dénta duán, Acall. 587 . dá tí dano aes dána sin crích...corop siat a duana saṁ ┐ a dréchta gabtair ar tús i nEmain, TBC-LL¹ 1154 . oes dana Uladh im Fercertne sin, ib. 5466 . filid ┐ aes dána ┐ aes glamtha gruaidi, ib. p. 441 n. 1 . aos dána in ríg co rinnib, O'Mulc. 830 d . Also áes dán: file bard dúanaire áos dán, Eg. Gl. 350 . Cf. SR 7212 . fer dána (cf. IV)

a poet ZCP x 370 . a chlaidib ríg...fogéba duit thḟer dána tigerna do diṅgbála RC xx 12. st 19 .

atbertatar a chliar risin fer ṅdána...massed bar in file, &c. , Bor. § 132. 3 . Cú Condacht ó Dálaigh in fer dána is ḟerr dobai, RC xviii 157. 24 .

In a figurative sense in the phrases dán ecnai, d.¤ forbai, d.¤ laechdacht: maith dán egna ferr dán forba doiligh dán laech[d]acht...mairg dianad dán laech[d]acht, ZCP vi 261. 30 ; cf. LL 346 a 40 . dán ecna dogní ríg do bhocht the art of wisdom makes a king of a pauper LL 346 a 35 .—PERS.: Dán mac Osmenta Poetry, son of Scrutiny RC xxvi 30. 130 .

III A poem, song, verse, rhyme . dán an ode, poem, lay, song or ditty; hymn. gen. dáin or dána, P. O'C. adrad maicc dé dán búada, Thes. ii 349. 7 . baudar amra [a] dana, Laws i 22 , 28 . i nduais filed....i. logh ar admolad uair ni dlegar dib dan do chennoch, ib. v 129. 1 . érned ar cach ṅdán as dír ┐ is dliged do reicc, LL 215 a 22 . cid i ndeochraigetar (sc. na baird)...i ndánaib ┐ grádaib ┐ anmandnuibb in poems, grades and names IT iii 5. 5 ; 24. 7 . na soerbaird cid nosdeochraigethar i ngradaib. ní hansa asa ṅdánaib forberat, ib. 6. 2 ; 24. 11 . Cid nosdeachraigetar ┐ nosæntaighedar ina ndánaib, ib. 24. 17 . do ghabháil a nduan ┐ a ndán do chách, Atlantis iv 198. 16 . dia seichmis cech dia do dán, ZCP vi 266 st 8 . dá mbeirthea dán lat, ib viii 109. 26 . is fírdliged deit dan mic rigfiled Ruirend, MacCarthy 132 iii a . dagaiste in dána, IT iii 106. 2 . is iat sin ardaiste in dána, ib. 27 . reacfad feasda dán re dia, 23 D 13 , p. 25. 1 . Further examples Exodus xv 2 . Deuteronomy xxxi 19 . 2 Samuel xxii 1 . 1 Kings iv 32 . Job xxxv 10 . dán do chumtach to compose a poem: conutaing duine dán, H 3.18, 53 b . conrotacht dan duib, TBC-LL¹ 1707 Y. dánta diaghachta psalms Donlevy 454. 17 . i ndán in verse : aithghiorra an teagaisg chríosduighe a ndán, ib. v 7 ; cf. lii 18 ; 487. 2 . dán dírech the name of a metrical system used by the Irish: asé dochúm na duanta senchasa so i ndán díreach, AFM v 2320. 5 . dán d., Rel. Celt. ii 297 . 34 . O'Molloy 144 .

IV An industrial pursuit of a skilled nature; a craft, trade, business, office, calling, profession . Sometimes hardly distinguishable from II. Glossed by tidnaiced, Laws v 14. 23 , 26 , ib. 90. 26 ; translating Lat. professio, Sg. 33 a 25 , ars Todd Lect. v 92 , Sg. 156 b 4 , and often used synonymously with cerdd ( Laws i 14. 25 ; Thes. ii 293. 15 ; RC xxvi 21 ff .) and eladu ( Laws v 98 pass.). is ionann dán ┐ ceard, Keat. 666 . dán .i. ceárd, P. O'C. —dán do aittreb to hold or possess a profession (Sg). dán do aurfognom ( RC xii 78. 13 ), d.¤ do frithgnom ( Ml. 37 b 12 ; RC xii 76. 2 ), d.¤ do dénom ( Wb. 27 d 10 , Laws pass. ) to practise a profession. dánae do chongbáil ( Laws v 104 ; RC xii 78 ) to keep up or practise several professions (only pl. dánae). dán do ḟoglaim to learn a profession ( Ml. 37 b 12 ; Laws). dúlchinne or lóg in dáno ( Laws pass. ; ACL iii 227. 29 ) the pay of the profession.

The various dánae were divided into prímdánae (dagdánae) and fodánae (drochdána); compare Laws and LL 215 a 20 : lucht cech dána eter prímdán ┐ ḟodán. The latter class included according to Laws v 108. 20ff . the aes ciúil ┐ oirfidid oilchena monaig ┐ araid ┐ luamain ┐ comail ┐ daime ┐ creccoire ┐ cleasamnaig ┐ fuirseóire ┐ brugedóire ┐ fodána olcheana...nísta saíre cena foleith. While the aes ciúil thus are graded with jugglers and buffoons, an exception is made for the harpers, the cruittiri: cruit isé aendán ciúil indsein dliges saíre, ib. 106. 27 . All who practise a profession are daernemed-persons with the exception of the filid ( Laws v 14 ff ), because they serve saernemed-persons and receive payment from them. `Every profession has its nemed' (cach dán a nemed) and `Every profession has its emoluments' (cach dán a duilgine) says the Alphabet of Cuigne mac Emoin ( ACL iii 226. 14 ; 227. 29 ). Highest among the aes dáno rank the saír `carpenters,' gobainn `smiths,' umaidi `braziers,' cerdda `gold-smiths,' legi `doctors,' breithemain `brehons,' and druid `druids' ( Laws v 90. 19 ). Other professionals mentioned in the Laws are the ailtiri (probably a subdivision of saír), cairemain `shoemakers, leathern-bottle makers,' círmairi `combers,' geibich `cloth-figurers,' iascairi `fishermen,' nascairi `chain-makers,' rindaigi `engravers,' tornóiri `turners,' tuathait `shield-coverers,' v. Laws v 106 ff . To these may be added from other texts the senchaidi `historians,' the grammarians, the chess-players, the lucht cumachtai `folk of might' (including the corrguinig, tuathaig `sorcerers,' ammaiti `wizards'), the araid `charioteers,' selgairi `hunters,' deogbairi `cupbearers,' &c., cf. RC xii 76 ff . 88 ff . But farmers of land exercise no dán; in the Tecosca Cormaic LL 375 c 20 dán is used in opposition to orbae 'inherited property'.

The Laws make a distinction between dánae inunna the various branches or subdivisions of one and the same profession, and dánae écsamlai different professions, as is evident from the following passages: cethri dána inunda aigi he has four parallel professions (viz. the building of sea-ships, barques, canoes and vessels), v 104. 7 . fer congeb trede .i. trí dána inanna aigi .i. durtech ┐ muilinn ┐ ibroracht, v 104. 21 . fer congeb dede .i. fer congbus dá dán examla .i. goibnecht ┐ cerdacht smithwork and goldwork v 104. 18 . fer congeb ceatharda .i. cethra dána éxamla .i. goibnecht ┐ cerdacht ailtirecht ┐ gebidecht smithwork and goldwork, carpentry and cloth-figuring ib. v 104. 30 . dia mbeth dána éxamla aice beith eneclann cacha dána dib, H 3.18 , p. 126 . O'D. Suppl.

Salutat uos Lucas medicus, gl. dicit híc ainm dáno dorigéni i tossug, Wb. 27 d 10 . alia a professionibus .i. hua ḟóisitnib inna ṅdáne frisgniat ┐ ataimet, Sg. 33 a 25 . ut mechannicus .i. arindí atreba in dán sin. ind ḟiss asberar michanicé , ib. 33 a 26 , 27 . grammaticus .i. airindí atreba in dán inna litredachte, ib. 33 a 28 . dual dán, Laws v 104 . artium vero nomina .i. dana .i. anmman araḟóimtar di danaib ut doctor de doctrina , Sg. 156 b 4 . quos multa peritia facit ab eiusdem artis consortibus eminere .i. sainred neulais leu isin dan frisgníat sech cách fodglein olchene, Ml. 37 b 12 . cechtar nathar fria saindan, bíth a menmasam fri seilgg mu menma céin im saincheirdd, Thes. ii 293. 14 . maith la cechtar nár a dán, ib. 294. 2 . isé a prímdán budein filidecht, Laws v 12. 17 . is saer cid cách creanus a suíre dia dán, iv 14. 28 . in cách...cendaigis saeiri dó dun dán bís aigi amail atá in gaba, v 14. 30 ; cf. ib. 20. 14 , 22 , 33 . is feardi in fear sin na dána sin do cindemain aigi that man is the better of those professions having fallen to his lot, v 20. 28 . cethri ba do ar gach ndán four cows for each profession, v 104. 8 . in dán is uaisli dib, ib. 104. 22 . dá prímdán do beith aigi i fotha .i. clochsairsi ┐ crannsairsi ┐ in dana dan as uaisli dib do beith aigi i fotha .i. damliag ┐ duirrtech, v 92. 2 f.b. fégad arna dánaib eile, v 94. 3 . in dúil chinntech doberar dontí aca ndéntar in dán .i. lóg in dána, v 266. 12 . seisid doben allógh gacha dána dib, ib. 94. 4 . Cf. sesid do asna dánaib eli, v 104. 25 . saer daer dagdána dáig fogniat ┐ fogníter free, unfree are the good arts, because they serve and are served, v 96. 10 , 13 . in oiret bes (sc. in dalta) ica ḟoglaim .i. ic dénum a dána dligthig (apparently = while he is learning his lawful profession, though dán do dénum usually means to exercise a profession), v 96. 24 . a étail dána uile...┐ cédtuilleam a dána the entire profits of his profession and the first earnings of his profession, v 96. 28 . dia congba dá dán díb if he unites (keeps up) two of these arts, v 106. 8 , 15 . ni ḟuil nach ní doib ara ndán nothing is due to them in right of their profession, v 106. 25 . ma feraind fuair ara dán hé, ib. iii 50. 3 . ara dhán no ara leginn no ara filidecht, ib. 50. 6 . mad étail brethemnasa no filidechta no nach dána olcena, iii 50. 4 . a dualgus a dána in right of his profession, v 108. 16 , 17 , 36 . nach dán asrubartamar dliges saire, v 108. 1 . gan a dán, 108. 2 , 7 . intí aca mbia aendán the person who has one profession, v 108. 13 . intí ca mbed dána ilarda, ib. 14 . ildána (n pl.), ib. 16 . damad hé dán dliged na fine if it was the lawful profession of the tribe, iii 50. 10 .

cipe dán ara corat[h]ar neuch láiṁ ised as dech dó foss occa, Mon. Tall. 159. 6 . cid hé mo dán though that be my craft FB § 92 , cf. Strachan ZCP iii 422 . ni hé mo dan dogrés atát dána lim chena, FB § 93 . a gillai forcitail (a mmo sruith) cia dán dognísiu, RC xxvi 20 § 54 , 22 § 70 . oc dénum a dána, H 3.17 , col. 175 . cia dan frisag[n]eie al sei ar ni teid nech cin dan i Temruig, RC xii 76. 2 (compare ní théiged [don fleid i.e. fleid Temrach]...duine cen dán, Ériu iv 124. 12 ). abair ... an fil les oeinfer codogabai ina danu sæ ule, ib. 78. 9 . na huili dano arufognot det muntir si atát les ule a oenor conedh fer cacha danai ule ei, ib. 78. 13 . bo suí cach dáno é, ib. 78. 24 . ruaicill Lug cach ar uair dib fria ndanoib, ib. 92. 13 . bid furside cech dán, ib. xxvi 36 § 185 . fer sotal im gáis im dán im thocad, Tec. Corm. § 32 . romeasc cách ar dan a chéle IT iii 187 § 7 (= MS. Mat. 511. 24 . BB 261 a 25 ). ro hordaigheadh cách díb fora dhan díleas , ib. ferr dán orbba a trade or profession is better than inheritance LL 345 c 20 . rofiadaiged ar grádaib ┐ dánaib ┐ dligedaib, &c. TBC-LL¹ 997 . rocóraidhid iarum cách fo grádaib ┐ i ndanaib ┐ i ndligemnus, Ériu v 234. 9 . na hollumain ┐ anis deach fri cech ndán olchena, FDG 25 . an dán cétna dóib sund, BColm. 20. 23 . dober Colmán dó hi fus in dán cena cétna, ib. 74. 23 . Here also O'Mulc. 222 : cerd graece cires .i. manus unde cernach .i. buaidh lám dicitur. ar cach dán dogniat lámae is cerd dongairther .i. lámdae because every craft, exercised by the hands, is called `cerd.'

dán ciúil the profession of the `áes ciúil.' cruit isé aendán ciúil indsein dliges sairi, Laws v 106. 27 . aes dáno (pl. aesa dána, FB § 12 ) .i. in lucht aca mbí in dán, Laws v 98. 6 . The practisers of a profession, people of any trade or art (other than farmers of land) = aes cerdd, Laws iv 316. 25 , aes tidnaicthe, ib. v 14. 23 , 26 , aes eladan, v 90. 28 , though v 98. 11 a distinction is made between `aes dána' and áes borbeladan 'workers in unskilled professions'. Opp. aes trebtha, Cóir Anm. § 149 . tarrcomlad cach aes dána la hÉrind co tarfen cách a cheird fia[d] Patraic, Laws i 14. 25 . aithgabáil cach aes (sic) dána, ii 118. 21 . breithem bes tualaing fuigell frisind aes ndána, v 98. 1 . duilgine cach aesa dána adroilli duilgine, v 264. 15 . formna láth ngaili Ulad arcena ┐ a maccæm ┐ a næsa dána, FB § 12 (p. 258. 13) . rofáid C. filedu ┐ áes dána ┐ drúdi Ulad dia saigid... rotriall som dano in næs ndána do marbad, SCC § 48 . aragarud...oes danu Erionn, RC xii 84 § 85 . degníth lesin oes ndanou indsen, ib. § 86 . den oes dana, ib. § 124 . do ḟiledaib ┐ aes dána, TBC-LL¹ 2708 . aes cacha dáno, Laws v 14. 18 . rodeiligsid arís æs cacha dána fria aroili, IT iii 187 § 7 ( MS. Mat. 511. 26 ) aes cacha dáno olchenae 'any other professionals': daerneimead imorro aes gacha dána olchena, Laws v 14. 17 . daernemed tra saeir ┐ gobaind ┐ umaide ┐ cerda ┐ legi ┐ breithemain ┐ druid ┐ aes cacha dána olchena, ib. v 90. 21 (gl. .i. lucht cacho tidnaicthi uili cena ┐ na fodhán). iter eclais ┐ tuaith ┐ aos gacho dána olchena, ZCP viii 111. 21 . doescarṡluag ┐ oes dímain ┐ oes cecha dána olchena, LB 116 a 27 , cf. di daoscarsluag ┐ daos cecha dánæ olchenæ, RC xii 104. 2 . cóicedaig Érenn...┐ a rígu ┐ a toísig ┐ a nócthigernn ┐ a namsaid ┐ oes cacha dána gnáthaig ┐ ingnáthaig olchena FDG 158 . aes dánae, aes dán (pl.) = aes dáno; cf. dér as g pl. Fél. Epil. 400 . cen aes ṅdán, SR 7212 , cf. aos dán poets Eg. Gl. 350 . ceth ind táos dánae ol Máolrúin in gobui[n]d ind tsáoir ┐ reliqui , Mon. Tall. 135. 30 . For the use of the pl. compare the synonymous áes cerdd. fer dáno a member of the aes dáno, a professional man: mad fer dána, Laws iii 48. 18 ; in a spec. sense a poet, v. II. Idiomatically in asseverations: dar mo dán by my craft (profession): d. m. d. is luag noragad duid ar sin do dénum, Anecd. i 46. 6 . Cf. fo mo cheirdd, LU 75 b 30 ( TBC-I¹ 1685 ).

V A craftsman : cach dán dogní aicdi flatha nó ecalsa 'every craftsman who manufactures articles for a lord or a churchman', Críth G. 486 , Ériu lxvi 2 . cruit, is ē āendān cīuil ind sein dliges saīri 'a harpist, that is the only skilled musician who can claim independent status', CIH v 1616.31 , Ériu lxvi 2 . sāer dāer dagdāna 'good craftsmen are [at once] noble and base', CIH v 1613.22 , Ériu lxvi 2 . cis lir fodlai for soírneimthib? ... a cethair - ecnae, eclais, flaith, fili; it é doírnemid dánae olchenae 'how many divisions are there of noble privileged ones? ... four, ecclesiastical scholar, churchman, lord, poet; the remaining craftsmen are base privileged ones', Ériu xl 8 § 1 .

VI A profession as represented by its practisers collectively; the members of a trade as a body. cach dán dogní aicdi flatha no ecalsa all craftsmen who make the manufactures of a chief or a church Laws iv 332. 1 . dán cimbeda probably= captives, prisoners (if not corrupt for damna cimbeda, see damnae I (b)): gabtar na fir ┐ ná gontar iter dáig nimmó ná dán cimbeda rothoegat, TBC-LL¹ 5120 . That the sense is a concrete one and Windisch's translation wrong is proved by TBC-LL¹ 5122 : Conchobar gan a guin do gabáil ┐ dán cimbeda do dénam dona deich cét ar ḟichit cét bátar na ḟarrad.

VII An occupation, function, business; an allotted task . dán .i. obair, Lec. Gl. 446 , Stowe Gl. 59 , 330 . cumal .i. ben bís oc bleth brón ar isé dán na mban ṅdáer riasiu darónta na muilind for this was the business of bondwomen Corm. s.v. cumal ; Zeuss² 245 . trí dána dobertsat slóg na Galia fair úir do tarradh ┐ muighi a fedhaib ┐ scáileadh murgabla srotha Ligir three tasks the people of G. imposed upon him RC xv 434. 26 , where dán= obair, l. 29 below (┐ adaigestar obair naile do thabairt fair). tri dán tucsat for R., LL 196 a 36 . olc or sí do dan bith oc buadred na Hérenn LU 53 b 8 (Tuc. Ind. na nD.). trí eoin aregda isin chathair ...┐ a menma ina ndúlemain tria bithu issé sin a ndan FA § 7 . bid hé mo dán iter drungu démnu...beth icot mallachad sa, PH 8263 . Hardly in Mon. Tall. 133. 10 : asrubart M. nibu móo dan lais arrobúi isind tsaltir nuli; the translation given seems impossible.

VIII To give in payment; a payment (cf. dawn bwyd payments in kind in the Welsh Laws). dan .i. ic ut est co hiar nde mis rodantar frit no r[o]dana .i. cidh riut icar cidh tu icas, O'Dav. 693 . So in Alexander 382 : rotustuillset fo chísaib ┐ bés ┐ dán ┐ dliged dóib, if it is complete (the line ends with fo chísaib ┐; something might have been dropped at the beginning of the new line). It recalls the passage TBC-LL¹ 997 , containing dán in the sense of profession : rofiadaiged ar grádaib ┐ dánaib ┐ dligedaib ┐ uaslecht ┐ cáinbésaib.

IX PHRASES.

(a) is dán do: bá dán dosom intan ba holc a menma noslocad indala súil conna roched corr inna cind it was his custom (?) SCC § 5 . ar is do is dán tidhnocol for to him `belongs to make presents (O'Don.) Leb. Cert. 192. 14 . gottí an tairrngeartaigh dar dhán sí asa hairmbertaibh diompádh who is allotted to Tadhg O'Huiginn (R.I.A. 23 L 17 , f. 576 § 12 )=dá mbed i ndán. Cf. VIII (b).

(b) i ndán (do) destined to, in store for; espec. destined by fate, fated, allotted ; phonetically i nán. Synon. i cinniud, i tairngiriu.—Only in connection with atá or dorala. The phrase does not appear in the Glosses, and the earliest instances collected here are taken from the YBL and the LB. Dán used independently in the sense fate, destiny , is not common in Irish, though this meaning is frequently given by modern lexicographers (dán .i. cineaṁain P. O'C. , cf. Coneys, O'R., Dinneen ). A late instance is quoted VIII (a). It occurs, however, in spoken Gaelic: is duilich cur an aghaidh dàin to oppose fate is difficult ( Macd. Gael. Dict. i 310 a ); but as a rule in Gaelic also it depends on i n- (ma tha e 'n dàn dhoṁ a bhi beò). robai i ndán ┐ i tairngire in aided úd diar mbreith doréir faistine in druad was fated and foretold RC xxiv 280 § 19 (YBL). aspert in sruith [fri]usuṁ imthecht uair ní hannsut boi i ndan [do]ibh eserghi, ib. xiv 58 § 72 (Book of Fermoy; v.l. nách ann rocinnedh doib a neiséirge). mata a ndán duit, ib. xxiii 420. 28 (YBL; compare l. 24 : do bi i tairngiri dam). ma rocollit riam a gessi rocollit innocht .i. boi a ndán a coll for their breaking was fated MacCongl. 15. 13 (LB). na nethe aurdhalta bis a cinded ┐ a ndan doib, Fen. 38. 17 . ag déunaṁ réiṁḟiadhnuise airna neithib dobhí a ndán do Chríosd dḟulang, RC vii 359. 10 ( 1 Peter 11 ). noco tí an ridiri da fuil a ndán an pócc do thabairt, ZCP ii 24. 28 . ca fis nach da cloidhem féin atá a ndán a marbadh ib. vi 103. 7 ; 'who knows that it is not his own sword that is destined to kill him' x 371 . cip hé for talmain...dia da (leg. dia d[t]a) i nndán a fúaslocod (sc. inna cest), ib. iv 234.1 f.b. , RC xxxvii 18 . a beith i ndán dam bás dagbáil in lá dá gebthasu bás, Cog. 172. 8 . ní fhuil a ndán do bás dḟaghail nó go mbuailtear trí buillidhe don luirgḟearrsaid atá aige air, Oss. iii 120. 6 . fothrugadh luaidhe ar do chind sa óir dobhi a n[d]an do thiachtain annso, Ériu iii 164. 3 f.b. dobhaoi a ndán...tocht do ṡluaigh go hiathṁaigh (sic leg.) nAdhair, Hugh Roe 198. 17 . gach ainiarsma da mbí i ndán dó féin ó thosach a gheineaṁna go síorraidhe tre ṡaoghal na saoghal, TSh. 72. 18 . Further instances Acall. 6876 . Miscell. Celt. Soc. 150. 23 . SG 65. 45 ; 234. 5 . RC xiii 222. 39 . Aen. 84 , 93 . Gadelica ii 93 . 8. OCL 6 . BS § 76. 2 .—The following examples do not involve the sense of fate or destiny: na cóicedaig archena do ṡuidiugad amail robuí a ndán do chách, FDG 203 . do Luaighni atá i ndán in tres, Fianaig. 68. 11 . dobhraith cách uili den láiṁ (leg. d'ēnláimh) go bfuil caphair a ndán dí, Ériu vi 128. 6 f.b. , ZCP x 371 tárla a ndán di teagṁáil aran gcuid don ṁachaire noch fa le Boas it was her hap Ruth ii 3 .

(c) beith doendán i cenn oppose together, be on the same side against; the same as beith doenláim i cenn, as is evident from the passage LB 140 a 15 : co ndernsat caratrad do beth doeṅdán i cend Aristobuil...o rabtar oentadaig dénlaim i cend A. &c. Developed from sense IV.

MOD. dán (Connaught also nán, nnán, abstracted from i ndán), gen. dáin (dána obs.), n pl. dáin and dánta, d pl. usually dánaibh, a song. fear dáin a poet : is mór an fear dáin docheapadh é (Kerry). i ndán (with tá) fated, in store ; also able to: níl tú i ndán anacht id ṡuidhe ( Finck ii 99. 6 ); cf. Acall. 2396 : ní raibhi a ndán dúinne a marbad we could not kill it (sc. the monster). In the sense of I-II, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII (a) and (c), dán is now obsolete, and in the sense of III words like amrán, dúan, laíd are now more usual.

Compd.: ós cech dándíne drong trén 'over every gifted host of strong bands', SR (Greene) 6703 .

1 dana

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dana or dil.ie/14561
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dana, dana

num (danae only O'Mulc. 294 , v. †danae). Two . The quantity of -a- is uncertain. In CCath. 2239 and LU 89 a 5 it is marked as long; but in both cases the mark of length might be due to association with the synonymous ; in the latter case all the other MSS, including YBL, omit the mark of length. Dana is mainly used in connection with the article, which, as is the case before dá in Old-Ir., always takes the form in: in dana , dat. don dana = in dá, don díb (don dá). Like dá it is placed immediately before the noun (which is put in the dual), and followed by the genitive of the tens of the numerals (in dana fichet déc).—Probably from †dá n-ái; cechtar in dána for older cechtar nái. For the adj. sense comp. indarna = OIr. indala nái.

All examples collected below have been taken from MSS not older than the early 15th century with the exception of the one from LU. The Glosses contain no instances of dana; but it appears several times in the commentaries to the Brehon Laws, though Atkinson does not mention it in his vocabulary. The way in which it is written in the Law-MSS proves that it was but seldom understood by the copyists. In all probability the word belonged to the late Old-Ir. and the early Mid.-Ir. periods.

The instances can be divided into three groups:

(a) in dana + subst. depend as a genetivus partitivus on a preceding cechtarde, nechtarde. This usage predominates in the Laws: dá fodein....i. dian urtrom ┐ dian iartrom. colpthach sé screpall ar cach fodein cechtarde in dana fodein a colpach of six screpalls for each `fodian' of the two `fodian's' Laws v 60. 4 . To this head belongs the misjudged phrase nechtardae (cechtardae) in dana imbed sin either (each) of the two parties, both in the commentaries to the Senchus Mór, corresponding to the nechtar (cechtar, aile) da lína of the main text. díleas do cechtar da lína cia rochaithe cia tormala cechtar da lína ar araile .i. is díleas do cechtarde in dana imad sin, Laws ii 342. 9 . ní bi cor cor nechtar da lína sech araile .i. noco cunnrad cundrad nechtarde in dana imad sin sech a céile, ib. ii 358. 15 . mad aile da lína .i. mad nechtarde in dana imad sin, ii 366. 14 (cf. 394. 20 ). So also 362. 13 ; 380. 14 ; 394. 20 . Noteworthy is ii 374. 11 with its cechtarde in da imat (cf. cechtar in da rann, Sg. 74 b 5 ). For cechtarde in da nadimat sain, ii 378. 14 read c. in dana imat s. The reading nechtar in da nannat sin, ii 317. 7 and 318. 18 , is accounted for by the common misreading of im as nn. Ib. ii 326. 17 , inat is to be restored to imat.

(b) in dana independent of nechtardae, cechtardae: ite in da fasachaib .i. is iat in dana fis (sic leg.) ogsa nos foirichnigend uili, Laws i 230. 1 Comm. . clochsairsi ┐ crannsairsi ┐ in dana dan as uaisli dib....i. damliag ┐ duirrthech, ib. v 92. 1 f.b. Comm. . Bechuill ┐ Danand dil: marbh in dana bantúathaigh, BB 35 b 4 = Lec. 562 a 38 ; but the prose-version LL 9 b 27 has na dí b. in dana cenn, BB 8 a 15 = na dá cenn, Rawl. 76 a . cath a ndrochadur in dana Dubán, Lec. 591 a 31 . Eremón ┐ Earannan in dana ṡósar. in da ṡindser imorro..., ib. 539 b 30 . slighe cumang do longaib etir in dana bernuidh sin, CCath. 1341 . nóbídis in dána (v.l. na da) athair ic debhaid imon aencorp, ib. 2239 , doriachtadur in dana rígh (v.l. in dá rig sin), Acall. 3134 , Lism. tucsam in dana nech sin dḞinn, ib. 256 . is maith dḟuasclais in dana cheist sein, ib. 6143 . na léic uait in dana bocht, SG i 20. 22 (16th century MS). biadhtair aici in dana bocht, ib. 20. 29 . tuccat dá fichet déc each do M. o Brian ┐ ní rabi don dana fichet déc bai aroen re M. nech &c. , Cog. 132. 9 (v.l. don dá ḟichet décc).

(c) dana preceded by a possessive pronoun of the 3 sg.: gai laiss...foriarnd fair...cethri traigid eter a dá | na [o]g imfáebair, LU 89 a 5 = BDD 75. 9 (§ 87) . v.l.: a dana ogh imthaebuir YBL. a di nuag des nimfaebuir H. a da naug i., St. a da nug i., Eg. = iter a dá na og imḟaebuir, BDD .

There is no certain instance of dana in a substantival sense; cf. danae.

1 díles

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 díles or dil.ie/16403

 

Forms: dílsi, -e, dísle, disliu, dilsim

adj o,ā (pl. dílsi, -e, dísle) (dí- + les). Also dílis (somet. = -ius). Lit. `excluded from remedy' (see Críth G. pp. 83 - 84 ).

I Legal senses.

(a) forfeited to (DO); given over (to), set apart (for); belonging by imprescriptible right, not subject to claim: diles tochur do fir puirt `what is cast ashore is the property of the owner of the shore', Laws iii 424.13 . Cf. murchuirthe dílse, Tec. Corm. § 1.27 . dilis do ceilib ┐ dia comorbuib seoit turcluide . . . acht frisḟognat a flaithe, Laws ii 262.1 . is dilus trian na set iar necaibh na flatha don ceili a third of the `seoit' become the property of the client, 14 . it dilsi dō seoit a mec (of the father of a `mac ingor'), iii 58.3 . fer fodgaib frith mbech hi rud . . . is diles do suidiu, `it is his own lawful property', iv 194.25 . a leath naill is diles (i.e. when a fraudulent contract has been knowingly entered into), iii 6.26 . ní diles ni do berar ar uathbas, iv 268.25 . ni dileas ni gen airilliud without something in return (?), 58.1 . secht taburta la Feine . . . ata dilsim . . . duas teachta do file which are most usually beyond recall (?), 212.2 and 17 Comm. is dilis cia tartaigtar doib i n-a coibce is theirs by right (of women whose marriage has been dissolved), 292.18 . Also in non-legal texts: in Bethfáge . . . bale bec . . . d.¤ do gres do shacartaib (viculus sacerdotum), PH 4426 . na drochdóine atta dílsi dá cech ulc given over to, 4191 . saoilter le gach gadaidhe | nach dilios nech sa cruine, ZCP i 121.17 . Used attributively of landed property: tucsat Túath Dé, digraiss deilm, | ferand d.¤ ar degseinm `land in fee', Metr. Dinds. iii 438.6 . fead trichad cét Muirthemne dobói d'ḟeronn dílis aicce ind-Ulltaib, Ériu i 126.11 . mar dhúthaigh dhílis `his property for ever', Keat. iii 5043 . flaitheas Dé, is dúthaigh dhíleas do, TSh. 7145 . As subst. Flann Cathrach dár gealladh do dhíleas (addressed to Cathair Dhúin Iasc) perpetual possession , Keat. Poems 1529 .

(b) With ó forfeited by, irrecoverable by: seoit uil itir sochaide andsin, ┐ in ti ro rec a cuit de is dilus uad he (of property held in common), Laws iv 56.12 (Comm.) . is lais in athair a oenfer in coibchi sin ┐ is dilus in ben dono on ti dia tabar `the woman is forfeited by the person by whom it is given', 60.22 Comm. ni fetatar sil Cuind ar mad leo (sc. in tír) is aire nar bo diles uaithib fri re trir handed over by them (?), i 68.30 Comm. am dílessa uadsom afec[ht]sa (a fega, LL) `I am lost to him now', RC viii 62.4 . ? an carragc-sa . . . nī d.¤ hí ō ríg Fer Tulach `it is their own special property, free from the King of F.' (Corr. p. 140 ), BColm. 52.20 .

(c) not liable to penalty, immune from legal consequences: d.¤ cach rochóem, indles cach ndíchóem damage to any very precious article is immune from liability, to any ordinary article involves liability, Críth G. 222 . d.¤ a osolggud di maich to open it (sc. an enclosure) from the outside does not involve liability, 210 . conid dileas a marbad . . . iar nelod cirt, Laws iv 180.9 Comm. oghdilius cach nanrachtaigh .i. is slán in gataide do marbad i n-uair dénma na foghla, O'Gr. Cat. 79.14 . anocht as dīleas mo ṡlad | ō nach maireann mac í Néill, KMMisc. 354.3 . Note also: secht mna ada dilsi ina frithigib (classes of women injured through their own misconduct, and who therefore cannot sue for compensation), Laws v 272 . ro disligheadh na daoíne | ní maith druim ré céd-aoíghe | ba hí breth na mbrethiomh nglan | a mbeth diolus fa na (leg. fa a) ndiultadh (i.e. their deaths need not be compensated for owing to their own wrong action), Duan. F. i 18 § 25 .

II General senses.

(a) belonging, own, proper, appropriate: ni pa díless duit aní hitái `that in which thou art will not belong to thee', Wb. 5b38 . in derbchland, is dilis do Pátraic ó chomḟuilidecht, Trip.² 718 (= propria est consanguinitate, Lat. Lives 38 ). ina ḟolaid d.¤ (= in propria substantia), Lat. Lives 97.13 . Aed . . . ainm dīles Chumin, Fél. clxix 1 (i.e. A. was C.'s own name). ainmnigestár cach fer fo leith cona anmaim diles fein, RC ix 490 . ised logh flatha nime | do chach a cridhe diless, Ériu ii 228.2 . eneclann, arindi clantar i n-inc[h]aib duine do neoch bess dīleas do bēodil ┐ marbdile belonging, Corm. Y 531 . mac diles Diabuil (of Cain), SR 1964 . rosgab cess | dia fechtaib o tir d.¤ from their own land, 3446 . Iessé cen dimess díth, | ba athair d.¤ Dauíd, 5712 . ainm dílis gacha druimmni, Anecd. i 33 § 61 . ní gonfaitis mac a rríg dílis fodessin, TBC-LL¹ 707 . laarg do righ ┐ d'filidh, crochet do sai litri . . . dorecmaig a dligedh diles do chach, IT iii 188 § 10 . conérne in rí . . . | ar cech dán a míad d.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 20.264 . inna berlu shaindilius `in its own several tongue', Ériu ii 142 § 156 . tairm . . . na n-uili uisci ac tuitim . . . ina n-inadaibh disli féin arís, RC xxviii 310 § 2 . ó a mbailtibh bunadh ┐ ó a n-árasaibh dísle, ML 102.5 . figuir ḟirdíles in chon sin, Alex. 434 . sollamain diles in athar nemda (i.e. Easter), PH 3608 . brighi disle in leighis `the proper virtue of the medicine', O'Gr. Cat. 234.13 . as e a mitald diles in t-iarand ┐ a la diles an Mairt (of those born under Mars), 24 B 3, 102.29 . tabartar gach leighius ina cás diles fen let each remedy be applied in its own appropriate case, 3 C 19, 76ra3 . tré nar gcoirthibh dísle féin own, TSh. 5932 . dá mbeith gant eagh ndíleas aige, 5711 . Contrasted with coitchenn: ata cuid da chomharthadhaibh so coitchionn ┐ cuid eile diles special (of fever symptoms), 3 C 19, 19vby . is diles an t-uisci cedna a n-aigid na fiabrus nger appropriate, 23 O 23, 30b37 . cailleach diles a true (genuine) nun, Lib. Flav. ii 17vb8 . aisneis d.¤ cen fhigurdacht `a genuine narrative free from allegory', PH 5653 . fa roinn d.¤ diongmála correct , BNnÉ 258.12 .

(b) permissible, lawful, prudent (?): is diles don duine in n-ám bias a chorp a ngill ris biad bec beras ó ghorta in tráth-sin he, a buain do duine chonaich, PH 7548 . Eoin aca senmoir nar d.¤ d'Irúaith ben posda a derbrathar do bheth aici, 3 B 22, 97a3 ; cf. ZCP vi 289.17 . ni biadh sil na comarbadha dilsi dia n-es lawful heirs, ZCP iv 390 . ni dílios duinn a dhul leisan mac so `it would be unwise for us', Ériu v 170.114 . ni diles an aithrigi do cur ar cairdi, 3 B 22, 29b7 . ni oil cumachta ac nech ar indtind an breitheman do claenad on cert acht a breith mar bus d.¤ , 3 B 22, 32a12 . ní dilis na neithed ata a n-agaid na trocairi do iarraid, 24b2 .

(c) Of people faithful, loyal, true, trustworthy: nīr uindes dáe ba dīlse .i. nī facas duine ba tairise, ZCP v 489 § 12 (B. na f.). a baruna dísle, Fier. § 69 . im beth diles tairise dib, IT ii2 126.120 . air an bhainphriunnsa dar chóir d'E. a bheith d.¤ , Rel. Celt. ii 170.24 . is díleas inn dá gach fhior, DDána 101.32 . ag congmháil na bréithre dísle (the faithful word), Titus i 9 . aithin dona daoinibh dísle iad (= Lat. fidelis), Eochairsg. 14.15 . is díleas Dia, TSh. 263 = atá Día fírinneach, 1 Corinth. x 13 . turnaethe dísle, TSh. 7145 . an roba disle . . . do shaighdiuiribh `most loyal', AFM vi 2060.1 .

(d) sure, confident, reliable: nach dlighid bheith roidhíleas dá naomhthacht ná dá n-ionnracus féin, TSh. 3515 . is é gnáth-smuaineadh an bháis chorpardha tearmann is dísle againn dár ndídean ar bhás na hanma, 7654 . is iomdha fós comhartha dileas d'á dhearbhadh gurab í ár n-Eagluisne an Naomh-Eagluís chatoilice, Eochairsg. 2.10 .

(e) Of objects perh. firm, strong (usually alliterating): go cnappib dilsi deligthi, TBC-LL¹ 5337 ; cf. Acall. 5808 v.l. ropa daṅgen in dindgna ┐ rapa d.¤ in dénta, LL 227a30 ( TTr. 739 ). co n-amdabaigh do scíathaib delighti disli, Acall. 5159 v.l. léibeanna disle daingne dlúithe, Atlantis iv 178.1 .

Compar. is disliu detsiu . . . quam ildis `belongs rather to thee than to them', Mon. Tall. 160 § 77 . cad fá bud disli don ré eclipsis do chur ar an ngréin iná do Uenir, O'Gr. Cat. 247.31 . Superl. dilsim, Laws v 212.2 (see above).

Adv.: asse inad na ndeamhun co dilius an t-inadh sin (of the body) properly , Lib. Flav. ii 16vb15 . go díleas (= proprie), Keat. ii 5866 . tuigter na heaslaintidhe so go dilius trid an bhfual exclusively, particularly , 23 K 42, 140.4 . oir ní dilis gradaiges nech anní nach fuil aici truly , 3 B 22, 14a20 . ag labairt go d.¤ properly speaking, 3 C 19, 23ra20 .

1 dímess

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dímess or dil.ie/16530

 

n m. (neg. dí- + mess) undervaluing, disparaging, contempt (absol. or with obj.): dimeas .i. droichmeas, O'Cl. ní tabarthi d.¤ do neoch for nach n-énirt contempt is not to be shown by anyone to any feeble person, Wb. 6c19 . for nech ni furme dimes he despises none, Ériu ii 228 . co ndimhes ecna Dhe, Lism. L. 4576 . ni raib miscais foë (sc. fo mo chridiu) . . . nā dimmus nā dīmes, ZCP vi 259 . brón fri naimtiu, failti fri dímes, 3 B 23, 23b30 . tré a ndearna da dhímeas féin in his self-disparagement, 3 C 1 2, 4.9 . is díleas inn dá gach fhior | sinn fa dhímheas níor dligheadh in bad repute, Gofraidh Fionn x § 32 ( Ir. Monthly 1919 ). dobheirid dímheas d'a fhuil ro naomhtha, Donlevy 220 . cen d.¤ without disparagement, without reproach (freq. in verse): Iessé cen dimess díth, | ba athair diles Dauíd, SR 5711 . atteoch friut cen dīmes | cech díles Dé, ZCP viii 231 . re gairm cen dímes dar ler, Fél.² lxxvi . cen nach nd.¤ , LL 134b36 ( Todd Nenn. 256 ). gan dímeas ris, BB 19b43 . flaith do ráinig d'ágh gan dímheas, Keat. Poems 1535 .

Transf. of a person: gach dimeas .i. gin eneclann (person of no legal standing?), O'Curry 2600 - 1 ( Eg. 88, 51 (52)b ).

Also dímis(s) as pred.: tuaristal ri Druing . . . | o righ Erind, ní dímis ` not contemptible ', Leb. Cert. 84 . ceart righ Ailigh . . . | itir dhairibh nach dímis, 120 .

Follg. cases of doubtful meaning occur in rhetorics: airchisfither dia már des maig Murthemni dimes, LL 119a42 . atchíu a sciath . . . fail uas drongaib dímes, BDD § 100.z .

Note also: fuaradar bás i bpeacaidhibh an dímheis ` pride ', ZCP iv 414 (cf. díummus).

1 domun

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 domun or dil.ie/18161

 

Forms: doman, domon, dommon, domnaib, domain

n o, m. Also doman, domon; dommon, Corm. Y 416 . is domain tair, ZCP viii 114.1 .

I The world, the earth: in domon gl. mundus, Ml. 145c4 . rann di rannaib in domain gl. mundi, 125b7 . a huili chenela domuin, 67b17 . fon domun, 53b9 , 65c9 . isin domun, Wb. 2a21 . i ndíthrub in domuin asreracht Críst, Tur. 19 . flaith in domain co immel, Thes. ii 333.13 . linfaid inn-huili ndomon, SR 8032 . toirthi in domuin, 2623 . cen siriud in domain duind, LU 3546 ( SCC § 29 ). aird do airdib in domain, FB § 80 . mi in ro-cet-cruthaiged in domun, PH 3518 . co ngébad [Ísu] ard-rigi in uli domain, 3922 . prima etas mundi . . . in ced áis don doman, MacCarthy 278 .

Freq. used without article: oc tuis[t]in domuin, Ml. 19d1 . rí . . . dorósat domun dualach, SR 3 . sluaig fer ṅdomuin, 3488 . fir domain i n-óen-bale, FA 13 . de mnáib domain ule, FB § 19 . do maccaib domain, Fél. June 16 . béstín . . . is áille bói do béstib domain, PH 7201 . a hoirthur domain, 917 . tháinig clann Míleadh tar muir | an treas aois d'aosaibh domhain, Content. xv 71 . Manannán úas domun (leg. domuin?) dind, LU 3961 ( SCC § 45 ). In sense of mankind: ícc in domuin, Wb. 5c14 . atbath in doman i mbás pecctha, PH 2973 .

In religious lit. the world, i.e. the earthly life, etc. (oppd. to eternity): scarad fri indeb in domuin, Wb. 30a18 . ar accubur ┐ saint immin domun (sic leg.) gl. pro appetitu caducorum, Ml. 69a6 . bethad cé .i. in domuin chentar, Hy. v 22 Comm. ( Thes. ii 332.26 ). ní cair in domuin cathim she loved not enjoyment of the world, 8 . fristoing don d.¤ renounces the world, ZCP iii 453.24 . fear roscara[d] frisin d.¤ (.i. teit i n-ailithre), Laws v 234.23 . ropo crochda in domun dó ┐ rocrochar-som don d.¤ , PH 1673 . cath fri demun ┐ doman, 1920 . iar mbreith buadha ó dhomhan ┐ ó dheamhan, O'Don. Suppl.

In physical sense earth (cf. talam): tucad [Ádamh] iter chois is cheand | isin domun chaem choitchend, Lec. 533a10 . do neoch focheard doman de all that the earth puts forth, Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 3 . In loose sense, of inhabited earth: cérbo rí in domuin Nabcodon, Fél. Prol. 93 . r[o]gabsat a thoisig in domun dia eis (i.e. after Alexander), Lec. 34a4 . Esp. of Roman Empire: do Chonstantín . . . do ardríg in domain, FA 32 . bui rig croda . . . forsin domun (of Decius), PH 961 . Oenric rí in domuin (of medieval Roman Empire), RC xvii 363.18 (Tig.). In pl. (in poetic hyperbole): gabais for dōine (doenib, dhainibh, MSS.) domnaib he seized sway over worlds of men (?), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 10 § 5 . crothais domnu he made worlds tremble, i 40 § 15 . in d.¤ mór the great world (i.e. the world outside one's own country, oft. Europe as oppd. to Ireland): comaimsirad righ hErend fri rigaib in domain moir, Lec. 34a1 . coriandrium .i. luibh fhāsas annsa domhan mor . . . ┐ dogeibter i nEirinn, 23 K 42, 410.10 . toradh croinn fasus annsa doman mor, RC ix 232.6 . Cf. Acts xix 27 : a nAisia ┐ an domhan mór uile. Similarly in d.¤ tair the eastern world (i.e. the Continent): for muir isin domun tair, Cóir Anm. 115 . dā ndeachaid . . . sa domhan soir, ZCP viii 109.1 . in d.¤ becc the microcosm, i.e. man: in duine dianad sloind ic na felsamaib domun becc, PH 4606 . comaentaighi an doman is lugha risin doman is mo correspondence between the microcosm and macrocosm, 23 P 10, 17b17 .

In phrase isin d.¤ , for (ar) d.¤ in the world , i.e. anywhere, at all (follg. a noun), any, whatsoever ; freq. in neg. sentence and after superl.: mani dirge-siu . . . nocon fil isin d.¤ nodn-dírgi, FB § 27 . nicon fail i n-a sealba isin doman ní nā tibre dam, Corm. Y 698 . fer as dísle san domhun, KMMisc. 246.16 . ni fuil cruthugad isin doman a Stodiacc there is no figure at all in the Zodiac, Ir. Astr. Tr. 122.16 . nách sochma do neoch for doman d'fhaisneis, PH 4315 . cen biadh ar doman do tomailt, SG 19.37 . ní gatar a forgall ar domun degmna `no woman is deprived of her testimony' (= ní gatar forgall degmna ar d.¤ ?), Cáin Ad. 4 . nach dleaghar a gcas ar domhan fín ┐ bainne d'ól . . . in any case whatsoever, 3 C 19, 127.18 . Later used merely to emphasize statement: cainneal ba lōr métt sa doman an exceedingly big candle, Fl. Earls 50.16 . co n-a n-uile riachtanus a less ōrdanāiss mhōir ┐ munisioin ar doman with all they require of great ordinance and ammunition, 40.10 . Similarly in gen.: sēpēl ro-onōrach ar dheissi in domain , 72.10 . ba lōr do chūiss ūathbhāiss in domain enough to cause the greatest terror, 188.12 .

II In limited sense, country, native district, (of a ruler) realm: gur thúiri mé an tolamh thoir | mur budh é an ndoman duthaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 719 . o ranic in rig bo des | ina doman derb dileas , Lec. 608a27 . ní bhí gart dall ina dhomhan `there is no untilled field in his realm', KMMisc. 174 § 36 . a domun do dichennad . . . .i. a chūiged gan chennach, MR 218.1 . Hence property, power, influence (in indeterminate sense): ar chuncid indmais no domain uasail, PH 8369 . cona bugh lugu dogebthai do rigi ┐ du d.¤ o mnaib inas o feraib, Lec. 31a35 . gan lógh do ghabháil ar domhan n-ecclastucdha `for church property', AFM ii 1102.2 .

Compd. ¤scríbnid: inna ṅdomunscribnide gl. cosmographiorum, BCr. 37b1 .

eneclann, aineclann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. eneclann, aineclann or dil.ie/20074
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: enechlann, enechclann

n. (?) later f. and m. IGT, Decl. § 12 , §10 . Thurneysen ( ZCP xiv 342 , xvi 206 ) brings the word from 1 enech and glan, the original meaning being face-clearing (cf. Laws iv 318x , cited under 1 enech II). According to Hamp 1 enech + clú, Ériu xxv 266-67 , see also Études Celt. xxxii 220-21 . In later MSS. enechlann is sometimes found. enechclann, Rawl. 118b39 , etc.

(a) compensation for insult, loss, or injury, for anything constituting a violation of enech (see 1 enech), pro- portionate to the status of the person to be compensated. In Laws Commentary it frequently renders lóg n-enech (e.g. Laws v 516.10 ). When the injury consisted in the death of a relative the eneclann was proportionate to the status of those to whom it was due, thus, although it occasionally renders díre (e.g. Laws i 42.14 v 50.5 Comm. ), it was in its early technical meaning distinct from corpdíre, which was proportionate to the status of the deceased. Distinguished from smacht: cach uair i[s] smacht ictar ann, is a ic fo aicned inti icas, ┐ cach uair is eneclann, is a ic fo aicnedh inti risi n-ictar, Laws iii 496.10 . From díre: is lomm a díre, is toll a eneclann (of one unworthy of trust), Tec. Corm. § 33.6 . eneclann, arindi clantar i n-inchaib duine do neoch bess dīleas do beodil ┐ marbdile nad cosna ala lām fris, lān-lōg einig cāigh fo miad is ed atroillither and, Corm. Y 531 . teora fodla fuil for inchaib duine .i. enicland ┐ enechruice ┐ enechgriss (...enecland .i. i lan ┐ i leath), Laws v 96.5 . cetheora eirca...aithgin ┐ dire, tairgille ┐ enecland...it cetheora primfodlai fil forsuidib .i. lan ┐ leth, trian ┐ cethramthu, i 258.26 . secht cumala do righ tuaithe ina eneclainn, ocht cumala do ri mor-tuaithi, etc. H 3.18, 509 (= O'Curry 1260 ). Laws v 50 . ZCP ix 171 . comdire do rig ┐ epscop (.i. comeneclann do rig tuath ┐ d'epscop), Laws i 42.30 ( O'Gr. Cat. 475.11 ). in t-ollam filead .uii. cumala a eniclann, ┐ .uii. cumala log a aisde v 58.5 Comm. (see also 116 ). e.¤ of craftsmen, minstrels, etc. 98 ff. Comm. Of persons in holy orders: nach fer gráid oc na bí dlighed na eolus timthirechta a gráid...ni dlig saire na eneclainn ḟir gráid i tuaith na i n-eclais, Ériu i 218.13 . See also Laws i 54 ff . ZCP ix 171 . For persons of a certain status their eneclann was determined by that of their lord and patron: aes ciuil ┐ oirfidid oilcena...is a hincaib oga mbiad, is as direnaiter (.i. is as sin erniter eneclann doib), Laws v 108.35 ; 516.13 . cipé imress mela ┐ mertain...fort, ní ḟuil díri no eneclann duitsiu ind, acht na fil dam-sa, dáig fer ar tincur mná atatchomnaic you are not entitled to any compensation-rate or honour-price except what is due to me, for, etc. TBC-LL¹ 48 . Cf. fer cen selb cen thothchus, lasmbi bancomarba, a inchuib a mna direnar side (.i. a dualgus einig a mna eirnither enecland dosaide), Laws v 516.5 - 18 .

is andsin dorimgartseom | a eneclaind for Midir (for carrying off his wife), Metr. Dinds. ii 4.50 . ro dligustur Buide eineclann a marbhadh a ingine .i. aire foirgill meodunuch he ┐ sé cumula do ina eineclann. ro dligustur a derbbráthir eineclann do ina marbadh, aire ard hé, ┐ ceithri cumula do ina einuclunn `B. was entitled to honour-price for the killing of his daughter, he was an a. f. of the middle rank and was entitled to six cumhals as honour-price. Her brother was also entitled to honour-price for her death, he was an a. a. and was entitled to four cumhals as his honour-price' Laws i 76.19 . dlighidh O Néill íoc 'na ḟuil | gibé da mhuintir mharbhthuir | 's ní théid eineaclann uadh d'ḟior, TD 7.6 .

Some kindreds had the privilege of having their eneclann valued in precious metals: Hui Dergmosaig...ór a ndire enechclainne, Rawl. 121a25 . Dal Messiṅ Corb...argat bruinte dire a n-enechclainne, 118b40 . athich cacha slointe di ṡhund huma a n-enechclann, 118b39 . e.¤ for injury to property: smacht a fidh neimhedh no co mbentar uile ┐ eneclann ind o bentar, Laws iv 150.17 .

Claims involving eneclann were urgent: ni dam enecland anad `honour-price does not admit of stay' (of distress) Laws i 120.19 ; but cf. 228.17 ; ii 100.7 , and cases of: eneclann ar treisi stay of eneclann-claim for three days i 162.19 Comm.

In certain cases only fractions of the full value of eneclann were due: ac so sis...na heneclanna fuil isna cneadaib, in aenmad rann fichet d'eneclann isin mbainbeim aicenta, sechtmadh eneclainne isin cnocbeim, etc., O'Curry 694 < H 3.18, 336 .

For eneclann due in regard to literary compositions see Laws v 230 ff .

im log n-enech n-oige .i. in inuclund dlighus in oig [sic] ina sarugha, Laws i 132.17 Comm. ni fuiben enecland arain dar daim techta `when the company is above the lawful number refusal [to entertain] does not lessen one's honour-price' ii 388. 1 . da fichit décc bó tugadh i n-eneclann do Mac M. (as satisfaction for the usurping of his abbacy) AFM ii 910.5 . rucadh da fichit dec bó fo tri, i n-ainechlann Muircertaich Hui Briain, for Desmumain (M. Ó B. had been slain by the king of Desmuma) AU 1168 . In these two exx. it is not clear from the context whether the word is used in the strict legal sense, or in sense (b).

(b) in wider sense compensation, satisfaction: nach bíodh ar chumas carad an tí do marbhthaoi cúitiughadh ná eineaclann do bhuain don ti doghníodh an marbhadh, Keat. i 68.37 . i n-e. in requital for (cf. (a), final citt.): i n-eineaclann an ubhoill in requital for the (sin of the) apple Dán Dé xxi 18 . déra 'na n-einecluinn úaim, IGT, Decl. ex. 536 . bríogh a mball ┐ a gcéadfadh do chaitheamh ré foghnamh do Dhia i n-eineaclann na n-olc do-rinneadar, TSh. 2187 .

fácbáil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fácbáil or dil.ie/20977
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: fácbál, fácbáil, fágbháil, fácbala, fagbala

(fácbál) n ā, f. (vn. of fo-ácaib) Not in Glosses; the n s. fácbál is not recorded. n s. fácbáil, LU 8184 . fágbháil IGT III § 85 . g s. fácbala, LU 3819 .

(a) leaving, quitting; abandoning (a place, thing or person): forócrad do Bricrind fácbáil in tigi, LU 8184 ( FB 13 ). techid L. ... iar facbail a ech ┐ a gilli ┐ a armgascid, LU 8529 ( FB 38 ). iar ḟácbail a chuirp i n-a adnocul, LB 170a28 ( PH 3663 ). nocon ḟétaim ... fógnum da bar ṅdeeib ... ┐ mo Dia fén d'ḟácbail, LB 182a39 ( PH 716 ). iar bhfacbail na ndithrub sin, Marco P. 21 . iar bhfacbáil na crichi sin do neoch dia eis when one has left that province 48 . ar tí a n-oighreachta d'ḟágbháil to forsake TD 13.27 . a thigherna fóir oruinn, a támáoid ar fágbháil `Lord save us, we perish' Matthew viii 25 = TSh. 2060 (cf. under e below). With adj. as compl. leaving (in a certain condition): ni scēl fácbala hi lusc, LU 3819 ( SCC 37 ). in fer fodrácaib co claen aitchid fris a facbail co diriuch ask him to leave it erect LU 8392 ( FB 26 ). assedh doronsat doirsi an bhaile dfaccbháil obhéla oslaicthe, AFM v 1734.4 . acc faccbháil ... a ndúnárus óbhéla oslaicthe, vi 2176.4 .

(b) With FOR leaving to (as a charge or responsibility): doruménatár ... ba léim ro leblaingseom ... día fácbail forsna feraib aile, LU 9078 (`as a challenge for the other men to do likewise' Henderson FB 82 ). With FO: a fhágbháil 'na aonar fúibh | an é do bheir meanma ort ? that it is left alone in thy charge Measgra D. 57.5 .

(c) a legacy; a parting injunction, ordinance or prohibition, esp. by a saint; blessing (or curse) expressed as an endowment , in this sense common in pl. (Stud. Celt. xxxvi 55) ; generally as cogn. acc. after fo-ácaib and followed by a clause defining the injunction, etc.: is iad so gesa ḟágbhuim orruibh ... ┐ ná téighedh nech aguibh tar na fágbala soin (parting injunctions of Scáthach to the Irish warriors) RC xxix 140.3 . fáccbaim faccbail aile deit ... bidh buadach do comarba, Anecd. ii 38.11 . faccbais Molling faccbála maithe do rígh Caisil, Moling § 33 . robennaig Cairnech iat ┐ roḟágaibh fagbala doib .i. in uair nach biad airechus Erenn ... acu a spraicc for cach cóiced ..., RC xxiii 404.9 . do ḟágbhadar fágbhala ele ar gach aonnech ... nach ttiubhradh cadhus dhi .i. gan sliocht ... do bheith na dheghaidh, Ériu v 94.41 . fácbala ar in tiprait, a naemh Patraic ! Coimgi ... do gach neach ibhes a huisqi, ar Pátraic (leave) thy blessing on the well Acall. 1328 . fágbhais Pádraig ... eineach is eangnamh ... d'ḟágbhálaibh air, TD 7.17 . g s. as attrib.: ba comarli coir, ba hathiusc fagbala , Cog. 70.13 (`a message communicated or inspired by God or the saints' see footnote).

(d) with oc (AG) of pers., to leave with someone, esp. to bequeathe: a chealla ... dfagbáil `ga n-oighredhaibh BNnÉ 264.11 . ré fearann d'ḟágbháil agá gcloinn, TSh. 3546 . dá bhfágbhadh ... neach a oighreacht ... ag neach oile seach a fágbháil agá oighre díleas , 5141 .

(e) leaving (on the battlefield), i.e. losing: Cerran ... ┐ mac A. ... du ḟacbail as a lurgg C. and the son of A. were lost out of their band AU 913 . ruccsat ... an ccreich gus an ccampa iar faccbail druinge dá ndaoinibh, AFM vi 2232.17 . do cuireadh guais a ḟágbhala ar an ngobernoir fein `the Governor himself was in danger of being lost' 2122.6 . Cf. is dóchaite ... mḟácbail se innocht la Lagnib, LL 304a39 ( Bor. 105 ).

1 féth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 féth or dil.ie/21819

 

n u, m. in the expression: f.¤ fíada (fíad, fía), also fé f.¤ , fía f.¤ fégh fía (m.) IGT, Decl. § 95 p. 127 (where `fé fía' though it occurs, is proscribed as incorrect). A magic mist, veil, which renders those under it invisible (Cf. the Germ. Tarnkappe), the secret of which was possessed by the Tuatha D.D.: do orduigh Manannan doibh [.i. do mhaithibh Tuath Dé D. tar eis chatha Taillten] adhbha dileas gach deghfir, ┐ dorinneadh in feth fiadha ... dona mileadhaibh .i. in feth fiadha tar nach faic[th]í na flaithi, Ériu xi 188 . See Atlantis iii 386 ff . , D'A. De Jubainville, Cycle Myth. 277 , Joyce Soc. Hist. i 246 . The name fáeth fiada ( Hy vii pref ., Thes. ii 354.10 ; fáed f.¤ , Trip. 48.7 ) given to the hymn composed by St. Patrick after his escape from Loeghaire's ambush is prob. the same expression; due to the legend that P. was invisible to L.'s men, cf. dodechaid dícheltair tairsiu co nár árdraig fer dib, Trip. 46.28 . See faíd. dichealtair .i. fé fiadha no duaithniughadh, O'Cl. (from Trip. 46.28 , cited above?). féidh fiadh `a mask, vizard, hood; a disguise that rendered the wearer unknown or invisible , ... defectively written fe fiadh, ... feidh fia,' P. O'C. Tuatha De D. fo diamair (.i. ... ara mbiodh an fee fía), Leb. Gab.(i) i 172 n. 1 . dá ttaisbentar in f.¤ fiadha ... do nech do macaibh Miledh, nocha bia gabail re diamair no re draideacht ic nech do Tuathaibh Dé D. (Cú Chulainn refuses to show his friends among the Sídhe to Fer diad) TBC-LL¹ 3845 St = an fé fía, RC xi 323.29 . an fé fiadh, ZCP x 294.16 . druid .i. doniat in feth fia no in [ḟ]aisdinecht, Laws v 90.27 Comm. co n-accai in dā sid osluicti ... iar scithlim a fe fia dibh (i.e., after their enchantment had been dispersed) RC v 202.23 . ro eirig fia fiad (féth fia, fédh fia, fé fiadh v.l.) umaind, co nar leir sind, Acall. 5235 . ní léir ar úaigh mér na mná | atá ar a húaim in fégh fía what the woman has sewn is not manifest, the f.f. is over her seam IGT, Decl. ex. 1674 . do chuir Mac G. an féith fiadha tar an fidradach sa innus nach fuighbhed ēnduine hé, L. Chl. S. § 9 . bhur bfé fía, ní fearrde dhuit, | aithnim thú d'aimhdheóin th'iomluit, Ériu ix 8.81 . ni buadha cloch, ní fégh fiagh | chaomhnus cuanta a críoch n-imchian, TD 13.13 . Cf. further: ní folaig acht feth (fecht v.l.) fithnais, Acall. 7916 (`magic veil' SG ii 262 ). féth fithnaisi, v.l. of fethana fithnais, Acall. 722 . Cf. rachaid in fiad draídechta atá urri di (i.e. the well will be revealed) 7505 . See 3, 4 féth. donfe for fiada fe, IT iii 53 § 97 (for feda fé v.l.). Also fig. : atá ar a rún an fé fia, IGT, Decl. 1681 . masa ceas eoil an fé fiadh | do-chiam ad dheóigh é ar an dán, TD ii 245 . depression, gloom: ceilt a grádha ar an ngruaidh bḟaoilidh | fada ar inghin 'na ḟégh fia ib.

fíachaigid(ir)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fíachaigid(ir) or dil.ie/21877

 

Forms: fiachaigedar

v g . (1 fíach)

(a) incurs a debt or liability: pres. subj. rel. cia dia fiachaigedar (gl. ad quem debeat) Ml. 44b3 .

(b) in Laws makes liable; makes a claim (on or against): Cain lanamna: dileas do cechtar da lina cia ro chaithe ... ar araile acht ... ni ro fiachaigastar dligid (= except such liability as the law has imposed) Laws ii 342.4 (glossed: in ni fiachaiges nech dib do reir dligid what one of them claims ib. 19 . See Stud. in E. Ir. Law 2 ff. 13 ). inti fiachaigther ann `who is sued' Laws iii 478.14 . is laisin cach fiacaidther ann a rogha `everyone who is made liable' BCrólige § 17 Comm. nā ro fiachuightur im cinuid a fine that he may not be held liable for Laws ii 88.4 .

1 fo, fa, fá

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fo, fa, fá or dil.ie/22333
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: fo, fó, fu, fa, ba, bá, ba, fá, fao, faoi, fa, ba, fa, fa, faoi, fua, foa, fo, fó, f, fo, fó, fá, fon(d), fón, fónd, foind, fóa, fun, fan, fona, fosnaib, foum, fóm, fúm, fúm, fóm, fout, fūd, fút, —d, fót, —d, fád, fo, foa, fua, foí, fóe, foei, fáe, fou, foú, fó, foa, fáe, foe, fai, fua, fáe, faoi, fa, faoi, faoi, foí, fúe, fóe, foithi, fóthi, foithe, fuithe, fúithe, fáoithi, fúithe, fóithe, faoithe, fúinn, fōin, fōind, fúnn, fúinn, fóinn, faoinn, fuibhsi, faoibh, fúibh, fóibh, faoibh, fóthu, fúthu, fūthu, fōthu, fōtha, fūtha, fútha, fóthib, fōthib, fóthib, foíthib, foithib, fūthaibh, fuithibh, —uí—, fúthaibh, fúthuibh, faoithibh, fóm, fom, bám, fám, fot, fót, fád, foa, fóa, fána, fo, fo, fóar, fo, fánar, fo, foa, fona, fana, fána, foum, f., Fo-

(leniting) prep. with acc. and dat. Forms : fo Wb. 5b3 . 9c31 . Ml. 14d4 . 27d7 . 28c12 . Sg. 140a4 . 153b6 . Acr. 8b1 . BCr. 31c5 . SR 1596 . LU 1928 . 2970 . 4764 . 6615 . LB 67b14 . 171b16 . 201a20 . fó, LU 3806 . 6498 . 6899 . 10792 . 10779 . LB 54a50 . 244b25 . fu, Ml. 63b4 . 67c2 . 77b11 . 94a2 . BCr. 18d2 . fa, LL 177b45 . LB 41b53 . 162b16 . 165b10 . ba, bá, 243a36 . ba, Maund. 237 . fá, LU 9132 . (cf. secht cneslénti [sic leg.] ... bítís bá thétaib ... hi cústul fri gelcnes dó LU 6413 ). fao, Fl. Earls 70.30 . faoi, RSClára 6a . fa (fá, ba) is frequent in Mid. Ir. and is the regular form in Early Mod Ir. (fáoi, fa fhior sin, IGT, Introd. § 73 . ata m'ḟalluing ... fa ḟior o beith faoi IGT, 24 P 8, 190 ), see exx. below. With nasal. rel. part.: fua, Ml. 35a9 ; b16 . 38c3 . 45a3 . Fél. Prol. 86 (fa v.l.). foa, Ml. 59d7 . Marco P. 16 . fo, Ml. 35b18 . Marco P. 136 . fó (ro) 18 . f, TSh. 7542 . Mid. Ir. fo, fó, fá. With art. fon(d), Ml. 35a9 . 53b9 . 36b16 . Sg. 14b1 . 73b3 . Fél. Oct. 15 . LU 3100 . 8461 . fón, LU 1508 . 1797 . 8214 . MacCongl. 103.3 . fónd, LU 6092 . LL 71b1 . foind, LU 6099 . fóa n— (neut.) 8240 . fun, Ml. 65c9 . fan IGT, 24 P 8, 190 . Ó Héodhusa 68 . pl. fona. Incorrectly fosnaib, LL 63bx ( TBC-LL¹ 1020 ).

With pron. suff.: 1 sg. foum (gl. íssum) Hy vi 4 Comm. fóm, LL 82b30 . fúm, ACL iii 236 § 6 . TSh. 4226 . fúm, fóm IGT, 24 P 8, 193 .

2 sg. fout, SR 1734 (monos.). fót, 835 . LU 2815 . fūd ZCP vi 283.21 . fút, —d; fót, —d IGT, 24 P 8, 193 . fád TD 10.20 .

3 s. m. n., acc. fo, Ml. 37a14 . foa, LU 8849 . fua, 8525 . foí, 2011 . fóo, TBC-I² 1283 . fóu, Trip. 130.6 . LB 191b58 (fói). fóe, LL 62b21 . 80a41 . foei LB 7b44 . fáe, Lat. Lives 46.10 . dat. (not distinguished in Mid. Ir.) fou, Ml. 38c3 . 64a10 . 98c10 . Bodl. Dinds. s.v. prull (foe Y). foú, Ml. 35b16 . fó, LU 1483 ( foo, 5620 is possibly acc. pl.). Trip. 222.6 . foa (fóu E) 240.14 . fáe, CCath. 1214 . foe, MacCongl. 89.15 . fai, Lism. L. 1666 . fua, LU 6424 . TBC-LL¹ 3378 . fáe (sin), CCath. 1477 . faoi, IGT, Introd. § 73 . ata m'ḟalluing ... fa ḟior o beith faoi , IGT 24 P 8, 190 . faoi, Ó Héodhusa 68 .

3 s. f. foí, LU 6214 . ? fúe, 7121 ( BDD 80 ). fóe (diss.), Imr. Brain § 6 (ref. to inis). foithi, Trip. 8.10 . Marco P. 16 . Lism. L. 50 . fóthi, LL 59.49 ; 267b27 . foithe, MacCongl. 122.32 . Lism. L. 2220 . fuithe, Acall. 2756 . fúithe, TSh. 1679 . fáoithi, IGT, Decl. ex. 432 . fúithe, fóithe, faoithe IGT, 24 P 8, 193 .

1 pl. found TBC-I¹ 3578 . fúinn, Maund. 157 . TSh. 8033 . fōin, fōind, ACL iii 235 § 28 (: ōir). 237 § 23 (cōir). fúnn, fúinn, fóinn, faoinn IGT, 24 P 8, 193 .

2 pl. fuibhsi, Acall. 2173 . faoibh, Studies 1921, 74 . Luc. Fid. 366.6 . fúibh, fóibh, faoibh IGT, 24 P 8, 193 .

3 pl. acc. fou, Ml. 42 b 7 . fóthu, LL 63b21 . 85a24 . fúthu, Fianaig. 94.17 . fūthu, CCath. 2445 (as dat. 1889 ). fōthu (as dat.) 3032 . 3189 . 4718 . fōtha, 4834 . 5208 . fūtha (as dat.) Maund. 157 . fútha, TSh. 1164 . dat. fóthib, LU 1889 . LL 95b43 . fōthib (as acc.) 62b33 . fóthib, 222a23 ( TTr. 363 ). foíthib (as acc.) LU 6166 . ? foithib (: soithib), Metr. Dinds. iv 86.76 . fūthaibh (as acc.) Marco P. 91 . fuithibh (—uí—?) 100 . fúthaibh, TSh. 2270 (as acc. 2374 ). fúthuibh, faoithibh IGT, 24 P 8, 193 .

With poss. 1 sg. fóm, LL 113b28 . LB 161bx . fom, LB 6a19 . 191a9 . bám, 179a42 . fám, FDG 287 . TSh. 2145 . 2 sg. fot, LL 259b24 ; 32 . fót, LU 3903 . 6090 . LL 259b36 . fád, TSh. 7867 , - 74 . 3 s. foa, Wb. 32c13 . LU 10653 . 10661 . 10910 . fóa, 5596 . LB 192b29 . fána, Keat. ii 6299 . TSh. 1576 . 4216 . fo (axail) BDD 148 U (foo Y). fo (smacht) LB 178b54 .

1 pl. fóar, Wb. 9a1 . LB 172b3 . fo ar, LB 171b37 . fánar, TSh. 5591 (verse).

2 pl. fo bar, Wb. 23d11 .

3 pl. foa, LU 6781 . fona, BCC p. 396.23 . fana, FDG 409 . fána, TSh., 3067 .

I Of local relations.

(a) under, beneath: used more extensively than the corresponding Engl. prep., as the Irish idiom, in speaking of two things one above another prefers to say that B is under A rather than that A is over B: foum (gl. íssum) Hy vi 4 Comm. bieit a namait fo a chosaib som under his feet Wb. 32c13 . a tabairt fu chossa `their being put under foot' Ml. 67c2 . lecca derca fo chossaib, LU 2424 . asin tiprait boí fón drochat, 1797 . co n-accatar fón muir fóthib annís dúine, 1889 . gabais in mnaí foa lethoxail took the woman under his arm 10910 . atnaig C. foí thrusts him under it 5233 . da lurgain lomchaela fae, Thr. Ir. Gl. 36 (Corm. s.v. prull). do chuir a lámh chlé faoi chum éirghe dó, Comp. CC 81.10 . léigcitt a nglūine fútha they kneel down Maund. 77 . gabais ... a chois foí, LU 1503 (`took him by the leg' MU 51 ). co mmema do fergara fót 6099 . ro thescsat a leth-iscait ... foei, PH 554 . mani má in talam fúe, BDD 80 . mana maidi in talam found, TBC-I¹ 3578 . in cloch no geissed fo chosaib cach ríg nogeibedh Hérinn, Dinds.. i § 13 = BB 350a18 . in tan ticedh ri Eirenn fuirre, do ghéised in lecc fái, Acall. 7999 . ro hecrait áine ┐ urluachair fóthu, TBC-LL¹ 998 . mairg cois isa bond fa mbris woe to the foot under whose sole it breaks ACL iii 237 § 21 . atá fó cach duma .l. fer, LU 2873 . a lec na righ ... fút atát cuirp na tri Tadg, Ériu ii 166.30 . líc ... foa n-adnaicthe na gennte, Marco P. 16 . in ail fó ro hadnachta a sin, 18 . fo Loch Echach, LU 2970 . fo dílind, Ériu iv 130.17 . docuaidh se fai an abhainn ... ┐ nir eirich se no gor baithed e, BCC § 149 . (cf. no thogfaind mo chlíu | ma úir, LU 9856 . ge fía dig fa húir, 9859 ). luid fo thalmain, Fél. May 20 . a chor fo thalmain to bury PH 664 . mar fhágbhaid fá úir é, TSh. 970 . droichet fo ngabhait longa under which ships pass Marco P. 136 . fo gréin (nim) under sun (heaven) i.e. alive; in the world: nisfil fo grein fairind ... basid feiliu, ACL iii 297z . gan coimmeas ris fon g. ... acht tusa he has no equal in the world but thee Duan. F. ii 324 § 25 . ní fil fo nim ní ... na dingned, LU 3911 ( SCC 42 ). teglach fo teglach ind ḟir | ni fil fo n., AU 894 . gan neach 'na n-aghoidh fo neimh no one in the world against them Duan. F. ii 164 § 35 . dona daoinibh fá neamh, TSh. 2088 (= sub caelo ... hominibus Actus iv 12 ). Esp. in sense of carrying, supporting: droichet ..., xxx. uaithne fulaing fai, Marco P. 97 . beir let licc ... fot suidi, SR 1593 . is amlaid ... atá in rígsudi ... co cethri colomnaib foi, LU 2006 ( FA 7 ). cen fúndamit fái PH 7816 . tū ag folang fóin supporting us beneath ACL iii 235.28 . ech ... foa suidiu, LU 10661 . tri eich derga foa suidib, BDD 30 (foithib, Eg. fosuidib DE). gerrán Patraic foa (fóu, Eg.) P.'s nag was carrying it (of a load) Trip. 240.14 . na dá ech filet fón charput, LU 8590 . secht carpait ... ┐ ceithri heich dēc fūithibh, ZCP vii 300.12 . fuaim nechraide fó ríg the sound of steeds under a king's chariot BDD 50 . fuaim carbaid fo rígh, BNnÉ 183.11 . in carpat fil fónd ócláig, TBC-LL¹ 1815 . carbad ... bhias faoi ... rothadha fan charbad, Ó Héodhusa 68 . in sdét robúi fae Sir G. ZCP vi 56.32 . ber mul ... fud `have under thee a ... mule' 283.21 . confacatar in fer mbecc ... ┐ luingin creduma foi in a skiff of bronze RC vi 183.4 . in cholcid boí foí the bed he was on LU 10478 . nirbo gnáth in corthe út fo enaib that pillar was not wont to have birds on it LL 121b34 ( RC iii 181 ). ech ... ina laige fo eri, PH 5846 . baile a laighfedh an damh fon ccarpat, BNnÉ 32.1 . arna loscedsi ... in fer nobiad fóthi that it should not burn the man who carried it (of a magic spear) MU² 741 ( LL 267b27 ). tuc gobal ... fo a cinnu stuck their heads on a fork Dinds. 144 . do rad C. a carpat fo leabhraibh Beraich loaded his chariot with B.'s books BNnÉ 31 y . asail berar fa lointibh la gach n-aen `asses laden with provisions are taken' Marco P. 20 . mac in chruittiri fón cruit, Ériu ix 49 § 30 . fer fo bhíudh ... aroile fo lionn, Hugh Roe² 11.26 (f. 6b) . focheirded id n-óir immi | nád bāded fairge foa that the sea might not drown him while he wore it Metr. Dinds. iii 104.23 . éicne ... is é fuillechta fo mil dressed with honey TBFr. § 23 . cuiridh fo shalann é pickle it BNnÉ 74.8 . tuirtín fá luaith (= subcinericium panem) TSh. 4926 . do chorpán fo chrú covered with gore ML 110.13 ( ML² 1455 ). cona brugaib fo blāth flowering meadows SR 379 . boí [Mag Breg] fó a lí ┐ fó bláth cach datha LU 10792 . finemhain fo torud, ZCP v 24 § 2 . gort nach bi fa barr that bears no crops ACL iii 236 § 5 . clúana ... fá sgingbheirt reóidh `meadows wrapped in a cloak of ice' Ó Heódhusa, Studies 1921, 419 . dolluid in curach fo séol trena mocoll under sail LU 1928 . laoidheang fa lán seóil under full sail TD 20.30 . do bhí an domhan fa dhall chiach 7.33 . cotlud dó fón sāith sin, LU 3451 ( SCC 23 ). in ghein fil fat bruindi in thy womb RC vi 175.55 . i taig fó glas, LU 4764 . fuaratar in carcair fon iadhad doratsat forri, PH 3696 . in carcair do beth fon ṅdúnad cetna, 3698 . Cf. a mbeit[h] i mbuaile fo iadhu an oidhche (of cows), Laws iv 96.24 . corbo ecen clar fo dlutad uasu, BB 390b1 . bheith geimhlighthe fá ghéibheann ghrás nDé, TSh. 2201 . docuaid C. fana corp fen san aiér in his own body BCC § 149 . an tan ... nach féadann ... an biadh ... do chongbháil fána chlí cannot retain his food TSh. 1575 . comēt dam mo chride ... ni raib miscais foë let there be no hatred in it ZCP vi 259 § 6 . dosrat fo chlaidiub put them to the sword SR 4148 . ce atagtha fo claideb, Ériu ii 122.21 . dochuaidh Pol fo cloidhem BB 10a3 ( MacCarthy 284 ). luidh fo lannaib fell by blades BB 50b29 ( MacCarthy 422 ). tair fón claideb come under the sword (in token of submission) LU 9659 ( ZCP iii 212 ). cárna samaisci do indarggain fo thál ┐ béuil, TBFr. § 19 . Often loosely used to denote an inferior position: tobert C. a lue ... co mboí a n-imdorus isin tenlug fó, LU 1483 ( MU² 964 , `the door fell down before him' MU 51 ). suidid fo glún Conchobair (i.e. at C.'s feet ?) LU 5206 . ro slecht fo chossaib Mártain at M.'s feet RC ii 400.16 . PH 1335 . tarrustar ... fo chossa G., 1372 . fo chosaib Gamaliél ... ro alt [Pól], 1649 . co mbí fo chrund bethad, LU 1356 . bud iomdha ... mairbh fa ríoghnaibh roisgḟliucha `many will be the wet-eyed queens over their dead' TD 16.71 . do-chuaidh Ionas ... fá chrann, TSh. 2477 . an tan bhíos ... fá láimh chlí Dé on God's left hand 9891 . angcaire ... do léigean fúthaibh, 2374 . fo choimm: see 1 coim. fo chomair: see comair.

(b) of direction towards, into, through: a naslui grién foa fuined `when the sun goes away to its setting' BCr. 33b18 . doluid fon caillid (= ad silvam) Lat. Lives 85 ( dochuaid isin caill, Hy v 61 Comm. ). gur ling an t-each uaidh fán gcoill, TSh. 1001 . ralotar fón fid, CRR 37 . nach tan nosbert eolchaire fo rian roglass whenever homesickness brought them on the sea Anecd. i 69.1 . amair raga sa ... asan curach fo thir RC xiv 60.24 . docuaidh ... roime fon tír, ZCP vi 51.9 . dochuiremar an long fo tír isin oilén, BNnÉ 49.35 . tunda fina do cur fo tir cast on shore Ann. Conn. 1310 § 10 . dús in táir cobair Ulad foo, LU 5620 . buailis fá lár a chorp to the ground TSh. 5586 . ro léig fo lár a ḟoghuil ... ┐ ro an acumsa `abandoned' Fianaig. 76.8 . Cf. roínfid fuil féne fo don, LU 6615 . teiched ... fo fhoithrib, Marco P. 55 . do theich fo sliabh C., CCC 79.1 . ni lamhann drochspirat techt fa tech i mbí, Maund. 15 (c ?). teid fan ceol in the direction of the music ZCP v 501 (cf. II j). tolotatar fon fes came to the feast RC xiii 223.50 . cromait ... fan cath bend to the (i.e. engage in) battle ZCP viii 224 . Cf. cuir aris fao cluasa do chroidhi da eisteacht = ad iterum audiendum aures cordis accommoda Instructio 119.28 . tigid fád lorg = sub tua vestigia TSh. 7867 . Cf. celebrait ... na ocht trath oc molad ... in Coimded co claischétol aircaingel oc tíachtain foí (the birds) sing the hours in praise of the Lord with the quire of the archangels accompanying it LU 2011 ( FA 7 ). do-beir láim fo undertakes, attempts (see lám).

(c) esp. of impact, collision, attack: benaid foo LU 4874 . benaid fona maccu, 4885 . buain fútha meddling with them (?) Ériu v 71.6 . (see benaid, búain). tarlaic urchur fuithib, RC v 199.11 (see do-léci). ac tabairt sádaid do crann a tsleigi fuithe, Acall. 2756 . buailtear an long fá charraig against a rock TSh. 3759 . do-bheir craos-ruathar ... fútha makes a hungry onslaught on them 1164 . téit (imm-soí, etc.) f. turns on, attacks: cobair cethra foa tiagat coin alltai helping cattle attacked by wolves Ériu ii 210.2 . teit [in béist] fo thrédu Gargan ┐ ro marb dímór dib, PH 7227 . amail teit ség fa mindtu, MR 70.16 = FDG 627 . do chu[a]idh fúthu ┐ tríthu, Fianaig. 94.17 . ná deach faoibh fréamh ar ndoibheart ` assail ' Eoghan R. Mhac an Bhaird, Studies 1921, 74 . imsoí foíthib ┐ marbthus íat, LU 6166 . imsói fothu, Metr. Dinds. iii 258.29 . maitti a ndírím fó araill, LU 6667 (`their forces rush at each other' Faraday, Faraday, 96 ). no co roicher (ndeachar v.l.) fo longphort fer nÉ., CCC 94.16 . eirgidh fo palas in rígh `attack' Fier. 131 . amhail choin ... do sgaoilfidhe fá shluaghaibh, TSh. 3122 . ionsoighidh foithib ... amhuil faolcoin fo chaorchaib, Hugh Roe 226.9 (f. 60a) . lingid ... fótha dá n-óirleach, Keat. i 204.31 . co ngreis a choin fona clerchiu, Lism. L. 276 . lecidh in rí na griba futhaibh, Marco P. 91 . lór do chur cháich fa chéile enough to set all at variance TD 6.2 .

(d) throughout, over, gen. of motion: ducuaid inducbal cruche Crist fun domun, Ml. 65c9 . fon domun for cech leth (gl. longe lateque) 53b9 . seinter lat ... cornn ... | co roa a glōir fo secht nime, SR 1368 . teid ... do iarraid a legis fon doman, RC xii 326.22 . ro closs fon ṁbith, Fél. Oct. 15 . dorónad coindmed na filed ... fo Érind, LU 360 . rocluinter ... a nggáir fón firmimint, 2199 . forodalta Conaille fo hÉrinn, ZCP viii 330.29 . roscuir ... a munter ... fon Eoraip sent his people all over Europe PH 267 . rosfuid Dia Michel fo na secht nimib, MacCarthy 68.9 ( LB 112bx ). co clos fona crichaib comfoicsibh, CCath. 1428 . fodlaidh baill an maic ... fo naemaib hErenn distributes the limbs ... amongst the saints BColm. 92.13 . co clos fosnaib tuathaib uili, TBC-LL¹ 1020 . scél scáilter fa chách amongst all CRR 54 . a clú ica irrdercugud fo cech popol, CCath. 333 . do bhrúcht Loch Con fa thír over the land Keat. i p. 162 . In : do himdergadh go mōr fa ghnúis ... na hingine a deep blush came over Ériu v 84.14 , fa replaces imm ; cf. ro himdergad imon ceand, RC xxiv 64 § 26 , and see (f) below. Cf. amal arrograd descad fo bairgin, Wb. 9b13 . laibhín ... faoi leaven mixed with it TSh. 8982 . foillech di menadaich fa bargen, Ériu vii 140.15 (` leg. for,' Ed.).

(e) on: .lll. mac fo chathaírib airgdidib, BDD 105 Y. Cf. faidhit din claraigh uasa mbarcuibh ... ni chuirid pic forro, acht ola ┐ cailc ┐ cnaib do mhingerred tritha, ┐ a cur fuithib (`with this they pay their ships'), Marco P. 145 .

(f) about, around (contamination of IMM , see also II l et seq. below): sciathrach scéith do gabáil fó brágit round his neck CRR 17 . gab craidhi spideoigi ... ┐ cuir fa braigid an ti ... take a robin's heart and hang it round the neck of ..., Rosa Angl. 234.7 . do cuiretar coroin fa chenn, Maund. 16 . craicind ... leoman ba cathbar[r] ma [fo, Eg.] cendaib on their heads TTebe 2672 . slabhra ... fána chom, Keat. ii 6299 (= moa bragit, Rawl. 81a15 . ima b., YBL 127a25 ). do gabh crios fa a colainn, ZCP i 62 § 45 . an bhfuil sróll ... fána chneas?, TSh. 4216 . fá bhrághaid, 7549 . duine fá mbíd an dá ghéibheann úd, 7542 . coróin fána cheann, 40 . fa (um, v.l.) dhruim píasda | filltir slíasda flatha Fáil, IGT, Decl. ex. 1226 . Hence hard by, near (?): ro marbsad lucht dā eathar fan Suca, RC xviii 188.32 (Tig.). Cf. dodechad ... dot chursu fan lind, TBC-LL¹ 3420 = mon lind, TBC-I¹ 2628 , where under is possibly the meaning. maidm ... do tabairt do Ch. fo Beol Atha S. for Conallchaib, Ann. Conn. 1359 § 3 (= oc Áth S., FM).

II Of fig. and abstract relations,

(a) under ; dofucfa ... na mbia fo menmain a chéli cena falsigud o briathraib, LU 2665 . Cf ailithre idan ... ticc co menicc fo menmain, ACL iii 321 § 1 . is messi ... dorat fó menmain Ailella do seircsiu put love of thee into A's heart LU 10779 (= for , Ériu xii 170. 15 ). Especially with words denoting appearance, state, condition, manner, attendant circumstances, classification : dath ... fo chosmailius saphirr like sapphire Ml. 84d4 . dolega ... fo chosmailius dilenn, 62b20 . conrotacht ... a tech ... fó chosmailius na Cráebrúadi, LU 8045 . fon óenchummi in one way Sg. 14b1 . is cuma nóblighthea bai ┐ eillti fon aenchumai cach dia ré linn, Cóir Anm. 26 . dotháet ass fón cumma sin, LU 6496 . fon cruth sa, 3539 ( SCC 29 ). atcessa iat ... fon cruth sin, LU 8770 ( FB 57 ). co n-ebairt fón n-innasa so that he spake thus LU 2317 (cf. sections g, j below). esergi in ciniuda dóennai fon n-innas sa, 2720 . fóa n-innas cetna in the same manner 8240 ( FB 18 ). LU 9095 ( FB 84 ). fon innas cétna, LU 8797 ( FB 60 ). fon n-innus sin, Marco P. 85 . nodslaid fón alt cétna beat him in the same way LU 3288 ( SCC 8 ). secht mbliadnai di fond alt sin in that condition LL 280a23 ( SG 415 ). a mbatar ... fon samail sin thus LU 3301 ( SCC 10 ). dorónad grianán ... fo chomardus imdaí Conchobair as high as LU 8062 ( FB 3 ). fo deilb diabuil in the form of a demon SR 1739 . slabrada ... fo deilb natrach, LU 2174 ( FA 25 ). imad ... lecc lógmar innte fo chuma grene ┐ ésca, LB 138b19 . fo feib, SR 375 . fo clith secretly 1281 . co mbatar blíadain fo chleith, Metr. Dinds. iii 390.79 . fo gné sub specie: fo gné bairgine, PH 5183 . fo bithphianaib, SR 1740 . fo déraib in tears Fél. Ep. 174 . Prol. 24 . sínset fo brón ... cosin crích `pursued their way in ... grief' Metr. Dinds. iii 390.73 . luid C. fo luinni úad in indignation LU 6021 . caland fa scīs a weary body ACL iii 237 § 26 . gan duine fo fhodord dibh `without one of them murmuring' BS 108 § 54 . siu nobeth fo athis rather than be disgraced LU 2932 . bía fónd anim sin thou shalt carry that blemish 6092 . bánbéim na fagaib feith fo saoth .i. fo tinnes, O'D. 826 ( H 3.17, 590 - 1 ). beth fa essanóir, PH 7387 . robúi B. fa anoir, ZCP vi 296.7 . cath ... ó a mbeid Gaoidhil fo mheabhoil, Duan. F. ii 160 . dolluid A. dochum a thíri fó chōri ┐ óentaid fri U., LU 1551 . scarsat ... fo ṡīdh ┐ chaenchomhrac, Marco P. 151. 156 . bheith ag luiṅgseóireacht arthraigh ... fá phioráideacht in piracy TSh. 2165 . bretnas ... cona ecor dé ór fo ṡnīm plaited Anecd. i 61 § 91 (= co mbrephnib óir LU 1809 ). fa áis na maighden `of the age' Maund. 253 . nech ... fu grad epscoip of the rank of a bishop Ériu vii 140.1 . fa marbhdataid ! mortifiyed RSClára 91a . dí laogh fona dathaibh uccat of those colors BNnÉ 10.27 . arrubert bith ann ... fo glēre lesaigt[h]i bíd ┐ cormae, BColm. 84.5 . níl an flaitheas so faoi ghluas acht moving Corp. Astron. 36.15 . eter comslechtaib na cethri sen find fichet fu aen fochanat in unison(?) Rawl. 106b29 (cf. Rev. iv 4 , 10 ). a lan do laechaib ... fa oengnim ┐ oengaisced fris fein equal in exploits ... to himself MR 80.11 = FDG 733 . da mbeth fuath duine ... am chride, ┐ bás d'fhagbail fái-sin cen aithrige were hatred of anyone in my heart, and I died thus, unrepentant PH 7488 (but this may belong to section j, q.v.). Cf. fo réim on a course (?) BDD 50 (sic leg.? Cf. dochuaid int en ... for foluamain fon reim sin, Aen. 1133 ). fo ogi oiffrinn `at completeness of offering' ACC 93 (= LU 994 ).

(b) of grammatical function, in Glosses (a particular application of preceding): is fo huath[ud] ... a n-institutae `institutae' is in the singular Ml. 42b12 . is ainm naimsire hisunt ... ciasu menciu fu dobrethir it is more frequent adverbially 67a4 . is fo infinit dutiagar ... á mmanifestare (the word) `manifestare' is construed as an infinitive 101c6 , 7 . cid fo gním cid fo chésath dotiagar actively ... passively Wb. 6a29 . is fo foxlaid dutiagtar `they are construed ablatively' Ml. 106c3 . fo diultad as a negative Laws iv 68.29 Comm. Corm. Y 407 . ni fú indidit ata `irascemini' sunt ... acht is for imchomarc ata `in affirmation ... in interrogation' Ml. 20b13 . fo neutur in the neuter Sg. 90b 5 , 6 .

(c) of meaning underlying: inni bess fon fogur sin the sense which is under that sound Wb. 12d5 . a folad foṡuidigther fond ṡun `the substance put under the word' Sg. 73b3 . fun trop són (gl. sub hac figure discribitur) Ml. 66a4 . muna cíall shiobhuil bhíos fúthaibh unless they are used with the sense of motion (of certain prepositions) IGT, Introd. § 72 . Cf. ni thuigim an fliuchadh sin, achd munab braiseach ... as mian leis do thuigsin faoí, Rule of Tallaght § 87 . briathar fá n-ab iontuigthe nach cóir, etc. from which we may infer Eochairsg. 9.20 .

(d) under, subject to: fun inuilligud (gl. sub tutione) Ml. 30b23 . fu Moysi under Moses (as ruler) 63b4 . dos-&mdot;béra fo chumachte in maicc, Wb. 13b30 . ni fó ar máam ataid, 9a1 . condumfel fo mám pectho, 3c38 . ni rabatar ... riam fo recht fetarlicce , Wb. 19d11 . bíd Sattan ... fót cumachtu, PH 3937 . biait fót ... airbri imdai archaṅgel, SR 835 . Pilait fua ro chés ar Fíada, Fél. Prol. 86 . ingreim na nIúdaide fó Antoich under (the reign of) A. PH 5499 . níor dúnadh dorus leasa | fa Bhéac `in the reign of B.' TD 32.39 . co mbet Cristaighi fa Idhalaib an uair sin mar attatt Idhail fútha-san aníu, Maund. 237 . úa na rígh ... bhios fo shiol na Saxanach, Duan. F. ii 166.42 . an lā ... dobēra cāch fuibh ┐ sibh os cāch, CCath. 5059 . do ocaib ... biti fo anmchairtes under spiritual direction Mon. Tall. § 71 . slechtais ... fo ogreir Maolruaoin prostrated himself in complete submission to M. (under the absolute will of) § 77 . fo míscaid bretheman brátha, LU 2289 ( FA 34 ). fo chis do Magnus fil si under tribute to M. Marco P. 3 . fo mhamus M. fuil si subject to M. 4 . na ... righ fil fo mamus Naim, 54 . cuiris M. faa smacht he, 99 . dorad iathu E. ... fo smacht flaithiusa Muman, RC xxiv 186.7 . gur chuir faoi forgla an domhain subdued TD 13.40 . na daine éadtroma ... do chonnmhail fa shilens an chlaustra = in claustro sub disciplina Instructio 201.17 . co fuilitt fa plánét Ṡáduirnn under (the rule of) Saturn Maund. 141 . ar mbeith dhuit fá leigheas = sub medicamento TSh. 8190 . mairg atá fá theas na teineadh, 6416 (cit.). ré mbeith don phobal I. fá éagcomhlann, 6103 .

Téit fo submits to, undergoes; assumes: in tan diagmani fo baithis. Wb. 3a15 . tect fo smachtu rechto, 19d11 . intí téte fo recht n-imdibi, 20a12 . dochóid Ísu fo reacht n-imdibe, PH 5652 . in tan teit oen ... fo gradaib in choimded takes holy orders 7157 . mane tē fó láim n-epscoip iar mbathus unless he is confirmed Ériu i 218.24 (see lám). fo-ácaib fo leaves at the discretion (mercy) of: do fágadh in faidhchi folum faī, ZCP vi 31.2 . forḟacaib [in mac] isinn inadsin fo na hethaidib left ... there exposed to the birds RC xxiv 190 § 2 . fágbhaim fá bhreathnughadh gach aonduine, cia is córa ... ?, TSh. 5002 (see fácbáil, fo-ácaib). fag gach aindligheadh ... fa dheithidi ... in bhreitheamhan, Instructio 200.22 . lectir fu mes nDe it is left to God's judgment Ériu vii 158.35 .

(e) under (a name, head, rubric, etc.): fond oinfailsigud (gl. sub eodem ... argumento) Ml. 36b16 . arroét Iosep ... Muire ... fo anmum chomaime under the name of wife PH 6917 . gab fon aithne-si gach lá saire include under this commandment 7372 . atā cech uli ... fon aithne-si every ... is included under this commandment 7542 . atā bán aithne-si ... cech ní 7609 . ní háirmighther Éire ... fan clíma ard Ireland is not counted as belonging to Maund. 157 . fo [o]en aicciund adfiadar `it [a compound] is pronounced under a single accent' Sg. 74b8 . Cf. dosbert fobairt bidbad fó bidbadaib foraib, LU 6498 (`the attack of an enemy among enemies' Faraday, Faraday 92 ). Here seem to belong: ba fou fachart[at]arsom, Ml. 64a10 . is fáei iarom latharsat légnide na mBretan innísin (introducing an explanation), Thr. Ir. Gl. 9 (Cormac s.v. cruimther. Y has instead: is fair iarom rolaset).

(f) under = less than; inferior to: faoi áois iomchubhaidh `before sufficient age' RSClára 6a . an t-aonmhadh lá déag ... faoi nó ós a chionn the eleventh day or thereabouts Corp. Astron. 4.12 . gion go raibhe créatúir san gcruinne fá aingeal budh uaisle, TSh. 1100 . ba hē amāin faoi Dia dusratt in Edāill ... fo chuing chreidmhe, Fl. Earls 100.14 . faoí Dia acht in guibernoir ni himda persa ... is fessach 70.30 .

(g) according to, in accordance with , an extension of (d) and (e) above; in Glosses gen. in combination with vbs. GAIBID and DO-BEIR: fon cheill fuandrogab in faith in the sense in which the prophet has uttered it Ml. 38c3 . cid fosodi[n] nogabad D. .i. foní fuantuic P., 35a9 . is fosodin rogabad 35b10 . bed foú nogabtis ... foní fuatabarr ib. 16 , 18 . as sain ind fiugor fuandrogab in faith ┐ ind rún fuantaibret in suuischelaichthi, 45a3 . is fo dobertar inna anman fonna inni fordi[n]grat names are given in accordance with the qualities they signify 37a14 . fo sin in that case, in accordance with that Ml. 42c24 , 46c14 , Sg. 106a5 . is foa ... dothét cech pennain ... fo meit an pectha every penance is determined by the magnitude of the sin RC xv 487y . pennith fon cinaid, Ériu vii 158.2 . gu cumaid a ndeghghnima fon n-etargna sin, Lism. L. 4612 . do suidhigedh na sluaig fo med i [ = a] n-uaisli, Fianaig. 56.1 . mani fochlither a bruth ... fóa réir fodein unless his ardor be attended to according to his own pleasure LU 8622 ( FB 46 ). direnar leithdire ... fo suire cacha feda according to the rank of each tree Laws iv 168.21 . dīre cāich fo miad `according to his dignity' i 40.13 . fothud ... do cechtar da lina fo miad, ii 378.5 . daithin na dáime fana miad ┐ fana ngrad, FDG 409 = MR 50z . doronsat iomarbaigh ... fa ccumang according to their ability Leb. Gab.(i) i 248.25 . fam dhícheall to the best of my power A. Ó Dálaigh x 2 . fá a ngníomrad mestar mic rígh, O'Gr. Cat. 358.5 . fuaratar fona mian í itir tess ┐ fhuacht as they liked it BCC p. 396.23 . Cf. in lucht dara betha a colann fo na míanaib do frestal, PH 7463 . rotheichset fo nertaib bāgh by dint of courage (?) RC x 54. 2 v.l. ( ICM xxi ). Here, perhaps: to-tēt meas fo aimseara, BDD 28 Y (fó U), expl. by: téid an breitheamhnas ris an aimsir, O'Cl. s.v. meas (8) .

(h) like, corresponding to (extension of preceding. Cf. fo bēsad fir trebuir `after the manner of a prudent man' Wb. 29d23 . fo béesad fir téte do chath, 9a3 ): ni thainicc riam tegluch fóo ┐ nicon riccfo co brath, IT iii 238.111 . orguin fón orguin dorat dún, BDD 48 (.i. mar an argain, Stowe; lit. in proportion to i.e. in requital of (?)cf. (q)). robad orgain fo araile in sin, 66 U (fon aile Y. ba argain már a chéle hí, Stowe). ni fail mac rig ... fo Ceallach, AU 894 (poem). ni taircell Eriu ... fer fo Mael ... Muru, 886 (= mar AFM 884 ). flaith fial fo rig nAilbine as generous as AFM 845 . fo Choin Culaind comchosmail, LU 8454 ( FB 30 = for, Eg.; fri, Voss.). teaghlach fo theaglach an ḟir ni fil, AFM 890 = AU 894 . fón bfleadhughadh út doronabair abhus forbia mu fhleadhssa tall daibh like the feasting you have enjoyed here Marco P. 12 .

(i) with numerals as multiplicative (an early use, perhaps orig. implying motion, ZCP viii 33 - 34 ): fo dí twice Wb. 24b22 . Ml. 46a21 . a úaig dil fo dí doubly dear LU 9977 ( PRIA iii 538 ). dammidethar fá dí, LU 9132 ( FB 88 ). a óen fo deich ten times one BCr. 31c5 . fo thrí, Wb. 17d4 . rogabsat ... forro fo thrí in n-insi, LU 221 . blegon inna mbo fo thri Hy v 32 . dorónsat fa thrí, LU 193 . fo aen a mbliadain once a year Laws iv 350.19 Comm. Cluain maic N. do argain fo thri ... fecht o Sil nA. ┐ fo dó hó Callraidhi, RC xvii 390.25 . AU 1050 . resíu goires in coilech fa dó, PH 3196 . a sé fo chethair four times six LL 181b28 ( Arch. Hib. ii 48 ). a chairdis Crist fó secht his seven-times gossip RC xviii 14.19 . With compar.: aidbliu fo míle, LU 2003 . soillsi fo secht oltas grian, FA 10 LB (= soillsithir ... andá LU 2029 ). mó fá dheich ten times more IGT, Decl. ex. 1027 . With co (later also co ba, co ma): confitebimur du ebert cu fudi twice Ml. 94a2 . co fo ṡecht, LL 209b46 ( Ériu vii 220 ). ro loisc Life co ba ṡecht, ACL iii 304 § 4 . tri cēd ... co ma thri thrice three hundred Fen. 354 . mo bhennacht gomá secht go Breifneachaibh, BNnÉ 267.7 . gid scriptuir bes go ma secht | in cech cill, Anecd. ii 38.1 .

(j) at, by (of occasion, conjuncture, etc. on or at which something happens, orig. perhaps an extension of (d) above): is fo forṅgartaid tra fosin dutiagar á manifestare ... is fo infinit dutiagar fu[n] dul so the (word) `manifestare' is construed as an imperative in that case [ = under that interpretation] ... as an infinitive in this case Ml. 101c6 - 7 . dochuamar i nEigeipt fo chuiriud Foraind at Pharaoh's invitation Ériu iv 140.21 . ar a gabail fo lige fo eirge for singing it at lying down and rising Lib. Hymn. i 46.17 ; 5.30 . lá lodmar fo gairm in ríg at the king's call LL 206b4 ( RC vii 290.6 ). tiucfa se fa guth an cluic at the sound of the bell BCC § 220 . is fad thúarasgbhailsi tanag (= on hearing of thy fame) Ériu v 98.31 . tancadar fir Erenn fo thasc in rig (i.e. on the report of the king's death), Dinds. 136 . in duine ticced fón n-égem, LU 1908 . egis in gilla. doroich Loegaire fua, LU 8525 ( FB 38 ). eighthi in muccid, co tanic tuath in da Maine fae, BDD 20 . Cf. ro héged immumsa ... tanacaisiu fon égim, ScM. 11 . fo sodain, fo sin usually means by that time but occasionally at (with) that: íachtais in gilla—tic C. fo sodain, LU 8537 , LU 8546 ( FB 39 , 40 ). ro scáich noínnin Ulad fo sodain by that time LU 5899 . dolluid E. immach fo sodain, 8242 . tic F. fó sodain, 5645 . dochuadar amach fái sin, RC xxiii 424.11 . tainic dereadh in lai fae sin, CCath. 2416 . rucsad forro fai sin, Ann. Conn. 1270 § 7 . dorochair D. fóisede by that time RC xvi 280.16 ( Dinds. 161 ).

(k) during: fiu and fo domnach `rested there throughout Sunday' Trip. 156.19 ( fó d., Trip.² 1825 ). Trip. 182.21 ( Trip.² 2143 ). fiusam fo domnach ann, Trip. 174.7 ( Trip.² 2025 ).

(l) Of approximate time of an occurrence, at, about (cf. imm): fó athgin [taite v.l.] in erruigh ar chinn by the return of spring CCath. 169 . C. do ēcc ... fo fel Lurint, Ann. Conn. 1243 § 8 (cf. F. ... d'ecc im feil Martain ib. § 7 ). sluagad ... la maccaib rig C. ... fo fel Muri, 1249 § 9 . fo fel cros doronadh ALC ii 116 = Ann. Conn. 1405 § 15 . fá'n Nodloig-si, Ériu v 54.9 . na hanmunna tecuit fo dhomhnach a hifern on Sundays RC xiv 48.19 . an tan fa ticfa, Fianaig. 74.9 . dochuaidh ... fo ṡamhain ar cciontt hi ccenn Gall `went to the English the ensuing Allhallowtide' AFM v 1622.6 . ón am far scríobh Caesarius , Keat. i p. 48.14 . ón tráth fá dtánaig tar muir, TD 2.58 . an uair fa dtigthí ar Ibh Táil whenever ... were mentioned 3.48 . fá aimsir chinnte by a certain time TSh. p. 160 . ón tráth fár dhearbh lais as soon as he was certain 2800 . Of space: ro ḟorcongair forra celcc do inneall fá mhile do Ṡlicceach `within a mile of Sligo' AFM vi 1978.3 (see f above). Similarly in expressions like: fo dered, fo deod, fo dechtsa, etc. (see 1 deired, dead, fecht): go fuighedh bās fa cend tri la within three days BCC § 257 . muna bfacchadh fios ... faoi chenn bliaghna, Ériu iv 51.18 . Cf. first cit. under (f), above.

N.B.—In most of the exx. in the follg. sections FO (FA, FÁ etc.) replaces imm.

(m) after words denoting cause or reason, in rel. construction with vb.; cia hádbar fa filet oc iarraid ... ? why are they seeking ... ? PH 2761 . cid imár adair Ísu, ┐ cid fa tuc anoir do ?, 2611 . adbar bá ṅdlegar a sechna, 7435 . issé adhbur fa ndernatar ..., Maund. 10 . is dona hadhbharuibh as mó fár chuir Ronán one of the chief reasons for which R. put Ériu v 74.17 . is é fath fa tangamar, ZCP vi 50z . crét fá tancabar ?, PH 2924 . crét an fáth fa ndentar sin ? RC xxix 124.12 . ni ḟuarais maith ... far mholta dhuit ... iad for which they should be praised by thee ZCP viii 219 § 10 . an dara hadhbhar fár fhuiling Dia ... another reason why God allowed ... TSh. 3513 . an treas fáth fár thuit Ádhamh 3527 . With cop.: is é fáth fána doilghe this is the reason why 1132 . ciodh fár chóra ... ?, Keat. ii 936 .

(n) in respect of, as regards: is iad so mogha fíre Fergusa fo neart ┐ fo ghniomhradh, Ériu viii 136.16 . i gcuibhreann na mbó fán bhféar `feeding on grass with cattle' TSh. 3464 . fear mar Ghuaire fá dhúais d'ógaibh, Keat. Poems 211 . Esp. after adj.: réidh fá mhaoin lavish of 526 . brugh fa fial fá bhiadhaibh, 861 . líonmhar ... fá dhaoinibh populous Keat. ii 937 . as bhuaine fa bhuanfholuibh, 23 F 16, 195 (`in respect of long-enduring kindreds' O'Gr. Cat. 399 ). In asyntactical constr.: fan seanchas chuirim chugaibh, congbhaidh é `as to the facts I bring forward' Content. xxi 6 . About, concerning: bá thómos a thigi thancabair `about the measure of his house' (Hennessy) MU² 855 ( LL 268b17 ). iar saruccadh Ruadain do Diarmait fa Aedh nG. after D. had insulted R. in the matter of A. BNnÉ 88.18 . cogadh ... fa chrích ... bhFáil fógrais É., TD 18.25 . damsa ceart ... | fon gcloidheamsin `grant justice ... about that sword' Duan. F. ii 132 § 28 . an bhreath ... rug Solamh ... fán gcloinn, TD 2.48 . mun ní fá dtairge a theagosg in anything in which thou attemptest to instruct him 15.51 . mór d'ulc ... do-righneadh fa (um v.l.) cheann an chnuic, 4.1 (see 1 cenn). síodh fan gcrann peace (i.e. forgiveness) for the spear Dán Dé iv 9 . súil Gaoidheal ruibh fad ríoghadh TD 10.31 . go dtug sé ... tuarastal do thaoiseach ... fá thoidheacht a reward for coming TSh. 259 . Esp. after words denoting mental action or emotion: cen chuimni fon ēc without thought of death ACL iii 239.16 . eagla ... fá thuitim, TSh. 3520 . fonn ... fá bhás d'fhagháil, 6059 . débhóision ... fána naomhaibh ┐ fa thaisibh na naomh, Ó Héodhusa 144x . amharus ... fa ḟiadh gConnacht doubt about TD 21.42 . budh ainfesach clēirigh fana fēiltiph fīre, ZCP x 50.14 . ní baránta inchreidthe é fa righ Lochlann do bheith, etc., it is not a credible guarantee that ... Keat. i p. 46 . After a number of vbs. (most of which are also used with IMM), e.g. of entreating, commanding, permitting, refusing, promising, preventing, of object of entreaty, etc.: roguid in coimdid bá indechad forsin errig, PH 792 . guidhim sibhsi fa guidhe ar mo shon fa mo leiccen mar so I entreat you to pray for me that I may be left as I am BNnÉ 67.6 . guidhes Dia ... fan documal sin do fortacht, RC xii 332.21 . do ghuidhsiod ... Dia fá gan eisean do mharthain that he might not live Keat. iii 2138 . impidhe do chur ar an rígh fá shaordháil do thabhairt dó, TSh. 4496 . tucc C. aonta fa theacht agreed to come Anecd. iii 2.17 . cead do thabhairt do L. fa chúanairt forba ... d'ḟaghail to allow L. to obtain Ériu v 78.28 . glend nach érthar nech fa coinnmedh where no one is refused entertainment BNnÉ 131.15 . díol farbh' éartha gach aoighe a payment which should be denied every guest TD 10.14 . is e Colum Cille bai 'na slanaigecht fona techt ... doridisi C. was security for his return RC xxiv 62 § 23 . muna dtugadh móid don rígh fá bheith díleas dhó, Keat. ii 5220 . rothairmisc tra in scel sin fa Polinices dul prevented P. from going TTebe 2767 (= imm, see do-airmesca). Of mocking: oc fanamut fa Ísu, PH 2864 (= imm). do fhochuitbiud fói (= immi) 3328 . dorindetar móran fonamhaitt fói, Maund. 15 . ag gāire fan ḟéin laughing at the fian CF 723 . occ gáiribh futha, BNnÉ 76.35 . ag fochuidmheadh fana seanchadhaibh, Keat. i 50.2 . Cf. focherdat in macrad gāir foa, LU 8849 . On account of: dobermáit glóir do Dia fá éistecht riut, Ériu ii 146 § 165 = RC xxiv 384.23 . éirghe amach i n-aghaidh a dtighearna fa n-a chíos féin d'iarraidh orra, Maguires of F. § 25 . Here perhaps: t'enech d'ácbáil fo bíad, LU 4353 . Of purpose, aim: trosccadh ... do dhenamh frisin cCoimdedh fa shoirbheachadh doibh that they might prosper BNnÉ 51x . créd do dhénmais fa dhul tar an sruth what we should do to cross the stream 49 . a llāma sínti fon dhiubhracad extended for shooting CCath. 5564 .

(o) along with, including (= imm): tucad ár forro fa mac Maic U. ┐ im A. Hua M. including the son of Mac U. and A. RC xviii 189.12 (Tig.). tucc coecait each fa ech ngorm, ZCP viii 221.5 . do loisgedh céad ech ... fa eachuibh an airdríogha, Ériu i 24.134 . tucadur i raibe do braighdibh ann leó, fa mac [U]i R. all the hostages including the son of Ua R. AU ii 488.5 . tuccadur a mbai do braigdib ... leo fo mac .h. R., Ann. Conn. 1348 § 6 . cuit do galloclaechaib .h. C. do marbad doib fan Constapla .i. fa Mac R., 1342 § 3 . ... dar marbad seser mac rig fo Chorbmac .h. nE., 1365 § 4 .

(p) after vbs. of swearing, asseverating, etc. of that by which oath, etc., is made (cf. 1 tar, dar BV); perhaps an extension of (d) above. tongu-sa fom [bam, tar, dar v.l.] chumachta, Ériu ii 196.18 . nech dothoing ethech fo cetharlebrai soscelai vii 156.20 . luigimsea bam arm, v 72.11 . ind lec ... cech oen dogní luga ṅ-eithig foithi who swears falsely by it Trip. 8.10 ( Trip.² 87 ). in luige thuccad fó ainmm Dia, PH 7636 . luige ... ba chnedaib Crist by the wounds of Christ 7324 . tug ... a minna fon aendia, ZCP vi 34.17 . dobheirim briathar ... fam chloidhemh, Ériu i 26.146 . doberimsi fam bréithir gomadh ..., ZCP x 277.34 . dobiur-sa fám gaisced ... nach FDG 287 . gúidim tú fon Día da creididh ┐ fat faistedh I adjure thee by Fier. 40 .

(q) in distributive sense with numbers (perhaps orig. in return for, cf. section h): dobheredh P. tri bhuille fan aónbhuille dhó would give three blows for every one he got Ériu v 182.334 . da bheim ... fo gach aoínbhéim, Duan. F. i 69.29 . biaidh an ghealach comhartha ar a haghaidh fo gach deich dá mbia san uimhir sin the moon will be advanced one sign for each tenth of that number Corp. Astron. 108z .

III Various idioms.

(a)

(1) ATÁ ... FÚM I intend: ... ní fhuil | fúm acht inneal ar olcaibh I aim at nought but sin A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 13 . más faoisidin bliadhna atá fúd do dénomh, Mac Aingil 151.13 . ris in drochrūn doui fuí, Ériu v 98.8 . do bhríogh nach raibhe faoi an ceathramhadh ... do leigheas because He did not intend TSh. 1524 . Cf. do bhí a bhara faoi fēin díoghaltas do dhéanamh he intended, purposed 6085 (see 2 bara). an t-ógan agá mbí drochfhuadar faoi who is bent on evil 5316 .

(2) ATÁ FO is liable for (?) in tan is innlaeg berar in bo amach is hegen beith fuithe no co mbere laeg isin aige rogellad, O'Curry 653 ; 1100 (< H 3.18, 316 ; 446 ) = masa indlaeg ... is egean beith fuithe, O'Curry 689 (< H 3.18, 334 ). Cf. madh fo rāith dara ... beither, O'Curry 1100 . in inbaidh ... bīthar fo rāith a hinnlaoghais ib.

DO-ICC FO

(1) impugns: tecor fo coruib na druingi seo the contracts of the group are impugned Laws v 184.23 (see do-icc).

(2) is decided upon by: tainic fái a mhainistir ... d'fagbail he decided to leave ( RC xxv 396.31 . tainig fothaib a denam, Fen. 348z .

DO-TÉT FO: ní taīt Dia fo t[h]airngere conid-chumscaiged `God does not come under a promise that He should alter it' Ml. 109a5 . CUIRID ... FO (NECH) incites: an pecadh sin ... do cur faoi to incite him to that sin BCC § 223 . an merughadh sin do cuir an diabul fúd ib. CUIRIM FUM I settle down: iar gcur fúm i gclúidh, Ó Bruad. ii 248 . DO-BEIR ... FO ...: daringni da nathraig ... eittecha ┐ dorat foluamain fóthib for ammus lasoin made two serpents ... winged, and sent them fluttering towards Jason LL 222a23 ( TTr. 363 ). Cf. scarsit fóu ┐ L. `they parted from (?) him and L.' Trip. 130.6 ( Trip.² 1492 ).

(b) the form with 3 s. pron. suff. fó, foí (fáoi) occurs as adv. in some expressions: cid fó cid for ... bem[m]e whether we be beneath or above Snedg. u. Mac R § 7 ( YBL 12a10 ). ó tét grian fáe when the sun sets Maund. 246 . iar ndol don ghréin fáoi `after the setting of the sun' RSClára 15a . tré dhul fé do ghréin a bheatha, Ó Bruad. ii 242 . coirt darach do berbadh ... go ndeach a trian faoi till it is reduced (in bulk) by a third 23 K 42, 332.10 . amail dogentais in mbeirt | co mbad foe Hériu ardneirt Ireland should be subject (to them) Ériu iv 110.2 . mór míad dorad damsa in rí, | dom ríar dorad fiadha faoi he subjugated lands (?) ACL iii 304.22 . Here perhaps : ro thairc ferand fō (: gó), LL 147a35 (`that has won good land' PRIA iii 551 ). cath slebe Fúait ria Fergal dosfanair fói, Arch. Hib. ii 60 § 25 = LL 182bz . Cf. foí.

(c) fá mar as (of manner) : fá mar adeir an file, TSh. 2837 . fá mar dho níd na cearrbhaig ... go meinic, Ó Héodhusa 156 . Later also fé mar. See immar. See now Celtica ix 126 .

IV Fo enters into a number of stereotyped advbl. phrases, each of which will be found under the second constituent : see bíth (-in), commar, dáig(-in), deó(i)d, dered, leth, 1 sech, tharsna.

V Fo- enters into composition

(a) with vbs. as preverb, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 295 , Thurn. Hdb. § 829 , Sjoestedt-Jonval, Études Celt. iii 219 ff . In some Middle-Irish MSS it is wrongly substituted for other preverbs, see Ériu xiv 129 ff .

(b) with nouns and adjs. as prefix generally either with diminutive sense (with adj. = rather, somewhat , (e.g. fogel), q.v. or that of subordination. Sometimes defining position (e.g. fochóel, q.v.). Hence fo .i. bec nó derōil, O'Dav. 981 .

folud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. folud or dil.ie/23188
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: folad, -aid, folad, foluth, folad, folid, folaid, foluid, folaith, folith, folaid, folaidh, folta, ḟolad, n-ilḟolod, fola, folaid, ḟolaid, foladh, folta, fol-, folaid

n folad, -aid (later also fola, see below) o, n. later m., somet. f., see below. For suggested etym. see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 39 ; Zupitza, KZ xxxv 267 ff ., Thurn., GOI § 104 . n s. (with art.) a folad , Sg. 27a8 , cf. Ml. 25c8 , cited below. a s. a foluth , 39b8 . a folad , 9a14 ; b4 . g s. folid, Wb. 32b3 . Sg. 138a5 . ind folaid , Ml. 22d9 . in foluid , 74d4 . folaith, Sg. 27b9 . Bürgschaft 29 § 78 . folith, Mon. Tall. § 86 . n p. folaid, Laws iii 54.3 ( SM Facs. 52a ), Laws v 54.3 ( BB 341.44 = folaidh, YBL 197a34 . a p. folta, Laws v 430.3 . Bürgschaft I § 55 ; 63 . g p. fri slond n-ilḟolad Sg. 28b22 = n-ilḟolod, 72b1 . In later lang. often treated as fem.: n s. fola, d s. folaid (see ZCP xv 325 ; xvi 220 , and cf. 2 fola). n du. dí ḟolaid , PH 1766 .

According to Charles-Edwards, in the Irish law of contract the sense is (a) wealth , (b) goods and services owed in virtue of a contract, (c) consideration , (d) the relationship of each party to a contract. Both folud and frithfolud can also mean obligations arising from an offence, FS Jenkins 346-47 . See Cáin Ad. 28 § 43 , Stud. Hib. xvi 27-31 . (a) substance, material (`folad can hardly be rendered by a single word. It denotes that which constitutes the essence of a thing; in the case of words, the idea they denote; in contracts, the objects or liabilities to which they refer; in the case of lords and clients the essence of their relationship , the correct discharge of their reciprocal obligations,' Thurneysen, ZCP xiv 374 . See also MacNeill, cited below under (d). In Wb and Ml used to translate Lat. substantia in sense substance nature, essence (both of material and immaterial things): a folud inna doinachtae Ml. 25c8 . du f.¤ nephchumscaigthiu `to an unchangeable substance' 110d16 . dochum ind folaid tanaidi inna anmae 22d9 . assin f.¤ appriscc inna colno, Wb. 9c10 . atat dí ḟolaid ann .i. folad duine ┐ folad diabuil, LB 174a13 ( PH 1766 ). is aenḟoladh ┐ aenadbar dūn uili, Alex. 877 . aondía ┐ aonḟoladh ZCP viii 204.27 (cf. Iosa Criosd ... as folaigh n-aonaonta, Ériu xiii 18.27 ). i meit ... a folaid ┐ a n-aicnid dilis, LU 2562 ( RC xxv 238 ). diabul ... cid ina ḟolaid diles no araile fuath tarmchruta, RC ii 398.2 ( Lat. Lives 97 ; `in propria substantia'). amal bedis esrainti din folaid corptai, BB 498b37 (of the Brahmans, = erranta ind fola , Alex. 923 . erandai indo fola, Anecd. v 5 ). In material sense: dus imbi maith a f.¤ (of testing malt) Laws ii 242.18 Comm. ( SM Facs. 29b ). púdar ... arna cumusc re fliche .. a foladh thsiltech `to liquid consistence' O'Gr. Cat. 242.18 . feoil .. aga mbia f.¤ tiugh, Rosa Angl. 42 . Cf. foladh `the thickness or thinness of meat or drink ' hence the expression foladh ieamhair et foladh séimh in old physic books, ' P. O'C. a f.¤ imarcach na lennand, Rosa Angl. 42.25 . a f.¤ na bincindi `in the substance of the brain' 226.15 . In loose sense: gearr go bhfuair [lucht na Traoi] folaidh a n-uilc `the result of their wrong-doing' TD 18.22 (cf. 2 fola). tarngaire cen folta promises without performances ZCP iii 25.20 = fotla, v.l. folta, Ériu vii 138 . Cf. under (c) below.

(b) in Sg used to transl. Lat. substantia = substance, signification (the notion which a word, esp. a noun, stands for, see Thes. ii 61 n .): gl. significatio 39b8 . mani decamar sainfolad cacha rainne, 26b9 . a f.¤ ┐ in chiall (= vis et significatio) 27a8 . issed a f.¤ cétnae sluinditae it is the same substance which they express 9b5 . ni inchoisig in son a f.¤ cétne .. iar ndígbail in tinfith (gl. ut si auferatur [aspiratio] significationis vim minuat prorsus) 9a16 . hercheilīuth folaith definition of substance (function of a noun) 27b9 . a f.¤ foṡuidigther fond ṡun the substance put under the word (the notion expressed by the sound) 73b3 . ar chuit folid .. ar chuit suin, 138a5 . Oppd. to accidentia `accidents' 189b10 .

(c) substance, property, wealth (common meaning in lit. (the exx. are not always easy to distinguish from those under d) : cid doratais ina tindscra? mo delg bec, or D. Is bec ind ḟola, or cach, YBL 118a14 ( RIA MSS. Ser. i 174 ). tecmalla A. a folud ┐ a inmass issin less, LL 118a3 ( Irish Texts i 34 ). cen dān cen folad (ḟolad, folaid v.l.), ZCP iii 449.20 (.i. cen inme R). trian a folith do fodail do bochtaib, Mon. Tall. § 86 . missi ac crábud 'sa comaid, | tussu ic éirge ra folaid, LL 300b17 ( SG 371.16 . perh. 2 fola: rising with a grudge, in anger ?). cisne folaid tra rotbiat-sa uainne ? (= what return shall we make you), Anecd. i 41.22 . co foltaib máine ┐ tíre, 42.4 . Cf. as i falaidh bia do ann | nem is talamh uaidh da chiond, ZCP x 24.7 . folaid cruidh no bethamnais, Laws ii 338.25 Comm. ( SM Facs. 38b : fol-. The text is: nach an be do ḟolaid cena, where Thurn. reads ... be doḟolaid, ZCP xiv 392 ). bid commaithi a folaid fri himscarad doib (of separation of wedded couple) Laws ii 388 ( SM Facs. 43b ; Stud. in E. Ir. Law 54 ). tecor folad mbritheman, CIH ii 402.7 . .i. da tecarthar ni da folud cruid on brithemain, CIH ii 402.12 . aisecc a ḟola ┐ a dhuithche dá gach aon, AFM vi 2334z (`his blood and territory' O'Don.). ag buain a bhfola ┐ a bhfearainn díbh go foiréigneach, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 177.22 ( Caithr. Thoirdh. 2.32 ). Esp. of cattle and stock (cf. foladha .i. spréidh no áirnéis cattle P. O'C. ): folod sechta lais—.vii. mbaí ... | .vii. muca ..., .vii. caírig ..., Críth G. 89 (= Laws iv 304 ). cf. Críth G. 432 . soīre ecalsi Dé cona muintir ... ┐ a n-ule folud beudu ┐ marbdu, Cáin Ad. 34 . dlighidh ... bōthar do uisge, cona ḟolaidh, Ériu xiii 33.21 . can tucsaid a folaidh (= folad, LU 5793 ) whence have you brought the kine ? TBC-I¹ 1321 (= can doberid in n-alaid ?, TBC-LL¹ 2030 ). can tucsait hi foluidh cruidh, TBC(C) 613 . a mbad seisc dind ḟolud the cows that were without milk TBC-I¹ 1128 (= LU 5608 ). berar 'n-as blichta dond alaid dó those of the cows that are in milk TBC-LL¹ 1695 = don folaidh St. co foladaib ┐ indilib Cuailṅgi, TBC-I¹ 902 (= folodaib, LU 5378 ). co n-acotar in tain folaid issan gort, ZCP iii 228 § 3 . foladh bó dicitur , Cóir Anm. 108 (fanciful derivation of sobriquet Finnolaidh), cf. oladh ainm do bhoin, Keat. ii 3680 . Cf. mad cētchin [cech cin; eccin MSS] dono a foluth no dona muccaib ..., Cáin Ad. 42 .

(d) in Laws, the pl. folaid is `a frequent term for the means, material or otherwise, by which a person sustains his functions or liabilities' (MacNeill, MacNeill, Law of status 275 n. 2 , cf. Thurn., cited above): a teasband de foltaib caich, teasbaid dia cataid, Laws v 70.9 (`what is wanting from each man's means is wanting from his dignity' MacNeill op. cit. MacNeill, Law of status 275 ). ar indí crenas in fer túaithe dia dagḟoltaibh hi túaith co n-árimther inna grá[d] téchtu i mbí i túaith, Críth G. 2 ( Laws iv 298 ) i.e. the member of a tuath purchases by his means his due rank in the tuath. Cf. ma ḟoi bera f.¤ (MS. foled) a thige co mbi f.¤ mbóairech should the property of his house increase until it becomes [equal to] the property of a boaire Críth G. 81 ( Laws iv 304.3 ).

(e) in Laws also used to denote, of contracts, the objects or undertakings to which they refer; of lords and clients, that which constitutes their mutual relation, their correct conduct towards each other in their respective capacities , Thurneysen ZCP xiv 374 ; Cf. Stud. in E. Ir. Law 110 . Similarly of the `fine' towards its members: ni coir nach cor cen lanfolad .i. folad lanloigi, 23 Q 6, 34b ( O'Curry 1757 ). cach cor cunu foltuib, cach fola(i)dh cunu frithfolai `an jedem Vertrag mit seinen Objekten, an jedem Objekt mit seinen Gegenwerten' ZCP xiv 373 § 36 ( Laws ii 286 ). cach fola (.i. in set turclaidhe) SM Facs. 34a . na folada chuir ┐ conartha, H 3.18, 482b y Comm . ( O'Curry 1208 ). is dileas cor cid gan folaid, 23 P 3, 23 (21)b . cor comair is ruidles ... ┐ dligthir a folaid o dib leithib, ZCP xiii 21.24 ( Bürgschaft § 19 ). Cf. do fet focra folad .i. as remtechtai lium foccra ... do tabairt fair anas fola athgabhala do gabhail de 23 P 3 ( O'Curry 1874 ). ite folaid fír flaitheman ... for a tuatha the obligations which a just ruler has to his people Laws iv 334.10 = Críth G. 525 (`the sustaining means of a true ruler over his tuatha' Mac Neill, MacNeill, Law of status 303 , does not suit the context). Cf. nenaisc Corpre ... for Dergthene ... folta dar esi flatha, Ériu vi 149.61 (see ZCP xi 32 ). is da foltaib fine gaire cach fir fine fogne fine ina foltaib coiraib. folaid cōre fri fine cen ni cria neach acht ni ria, etc. `proper duties towards' Laws iii 54.3 ( SM Facs. 52a ). tir do beir i coibche mna ... nad urnaigead a folta coire Laws v 510.6 . ni saigh naidhm folta for feichemain, ZCP xiii 22.18 (see transl. and comm. Bürgschaft § 27 ). iccaidtar frisin flaith ... ma beith ina foltaib coirib if he has duly performed his obligations as chief Laws ii 326.3 ( ZCP xiv 388 ). ma fris-rognaither flaith foltaib `if the [proper] services have been rendered to the chief' Laws ii 318.9 ( ZCP xiv 385 ; cf. the note on flaith foltaib' xvi 210 ). mad maithi a folaid (.i. im lubair ┐ im tech n-aidhedh ┐ im fochled ngrad) Laws v 54.3 ( BB 341a44 ). is óg lōg ainech cech grāid ... mani aurcriat a folaid `the honorprice of every grade ... is perfect, unless their qualifications diminish' [i.e. by dishonorable acts on their part] Laws iv 318.20 ( Críth G. 303 ). gabait ma folta condoragbu a frith[ḟ]olta [they] `affect his property till his counter-qualifications are regained' Laws v 178.15 Comm. (see frithfolud). ni théid ḟoluigh na friothfolaigh cāin n-einech, Ériu xiii 14.14 . filidh ad-ógha [leg. = ada ógha ?] fireona folaidh, 18.8 . óighe a bḟolagh ib. 3 . (of bards :) ... go tabair saoire dhoibh la. honngus, ┐ a ffolta ar chena, 44.4 . mád ógha a bfolaidh fria tuaith, ┐ eagluis 32.19 . fosernar saorḟolta, 22.28 . mac go sesaibh saorfolta ib. 27 . tir aduberar do eaclais ... nad oide folta ata cōire fri hubairt (.i. nocu comoigenn-si na folaid is cōir dī risin tī tuc udbairt), Laws v 430.3 (10) . Cf. folta coire; folta techta, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 110 ( Laws v 510 ). ce cuintestar lánḟolaigh gusna filedhaibh. ni mó dleghar dhoibh ionas dona gradhoibh eagalsa ┐ dona gradhaibh flatha ┐ dona Fénibh ..., Ériu xiii 19.11 . tar flatha firḟolta, ZCP xi 95 § 47 . conóiged dliged téchta cech ḟir ... foltaib fíraib do thúathaib ata lais cintaib láime (duty of a king) Tec. Corm. § 2.24 . ni ba ri ri gan folaidh, Ériu xiii 31.14 . trebairi cen folad, O'Curry 511 ( H 3.18, 259 ). folaid [folta v.l.] chutrummae equal objects (in a contract i.e. adequate consideration on each side, oppd. to `diubart' Tec. Corm. § 3.32 ). Cf. bid cert im chotomus folad, Cóic Con. 19 § 11 = 50 § 100 . nach forbech bis la ríg Ciarraige do righ Locha Léin fācabar la Ciarraigi ┐ la rig ┐ is hoén inna foltaib ō rīg Locha L. (i.e. the king of L.L. is under the same obligations towards the king of C. ?) ZCP viii 316.15 . intan nomber ri C. a giall do rí[g] Locha L. dober dano rí Locha L. a giall do rí[g] C. fria folta tecti, 316.17 . mad togu .. la C. a ndul co rig L. conaimsa folaith doib .i. rechtaire huadaib la rig L. ┐ iiii lanamna, etc. if the C. prefer to join the king of L. considerations have been established for them, viz. etc. ib. 316.8 . Cf. flaith na folad, Metr. Dinds. iii 102 (v 256) . Of an article borrowed for a definite period: mana tairi dia ind laithe airchinn sin atrire cen folaid n-airligthe, Laws v 370.14 Comm. f.¤ lóige price equivalent, price ; f.¤ cinad what is payable in reparation for crimes (of trespass etc.): ni tabur caithe tire ... ar do-baidet a fochraic a folta (duine ro recustar fearand ann sin ┐ is i fola loigi do-ratadh do dia chind, beith fo cintaib ┐ ... dibaigid in decreic loigi do-ratadh dia chind in folad cinad dleagar de), ZCP xvi 220 . Cf. nirbo ferr ind fola oldas fochraic in tire, Caratnia § 16 . fer bis fri folta chinaid fine who is liable for the crime-reparations of a `fine' Laws ii 126.13 Comm. (- fol- H 3.18, 378a ). in fil folta innā sesed in feichem for araile ... ? fil ēcin. caide ? ni anse : toing do Dia, etc., Bürgschaft I § 55 ; similarly § 56 .

(f) equivalent, consideration; reason, cause: a sense arising out of preceding (cf. 2 fola) : int slabra dobeir don mac tar folaid (fol- MS.) na gaire do denam `in consideration of his doing the duties of maintaining the old' Laws ii 364.21 Comm. (expl. of `macslabra gaire,' cf. is ruidles .. macslabra dar folaid, iii 310.7 , and see iii 54 cited above under e). Here, perh.: ar Christ coem tar folaid immeasurably noble Fél. Ap. 10 (p. 471) . is cath écoir duitsiu in cath sin do thabairt do rig Muman i folaid a ingine is marb accut, Acall. 3019 . raghaidh láoidh na haghuidh uaim | a bfalaidh áoir I Annlúain, Book of O'Conor Don 13a . ro hainmniged son dono cid asa lucc cetharda (a folad cethardai, Harl.) for a fourfold reason Hib. Min. 14.459 .

In: di chumoil dí chos ar formteacht ┐ folad, H 3.18, 17a ( Laws iv 362.3 : `two cumhals for the leg, for walking and supporting' the correct reading is evidently `folach' or `fulach,' which is translated). ? fir foluith (in list of persons who become accessories to crime) ZCP xii 361.25 ( H 3.18, 8a ); leg. fola as in Irish Texts iv. 15 § 9 , § 10 ?

See anfolad, (anblod), frithfolud, mifolad, and cf. 2 fola.

3 in-,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 in-, or dil.ie/28196
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: in-, in-, in-, in-, ínnair, hinarmaighe, incathe, h-ion-Con-cculaind, hingallru, inrigh

in adjectival formation. Adjj. are formed by composition of the particle in- (which Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 358 (f) regards as probably an intensive prefix but see Ériu xx 83 ) with (a) a substantive (the term ionshamhlughadh is applied to this type of adj. in IGT Introd. 33 § 151 , § 152 ) or vn. or (b) a participle in -t(a)e, -th(a)e. These adjectives are indeclinable and those in group (a) have the meaning capable of, fit for, proper for, worthy of (the action, thing or person expressed by the substantive): with the vn. the sense is usually passive: ` fit to be ....' If formed with the part. they have nearly always the force of the Lat. gerundive.

in- lenited the following initial, but in some later examples sh- is replaced by ts-.

(a): [Where the substantive compounded with in- was an o-stem, the resulting adj. was an i- stem. Hence it came to be considered that these adjj. were formed with the gs. of the subst., and many of the later exx. consist of in-+g s. of a subst. See GOI § 345 ]. ¤accra capable of being claimed: imḟorcraid ro b'ināirme na cindedh comloinn ro b'inagra, MR 268.19 . ¤aicde ` capable of acting as surety ' (Plummer MS. notes): frisin raith innaicde, O'Curry 67 (< H 3.18, p. 24b ). ¤affrinn fit to offer Mass; suitable for the offering of Mass: nír inaiffrind in altóir i nfécmais in tréidhe sin, SG 31.11 . an sacart do-chī an aisling sin nī h-in-aifrinn hé, De Contemptu 986. ¤áig capable of giving battle: in nech ba hionáigh gan oil, Duan. F. i 6.12 . ¤aignis able to argue: dá bhrígh sin nach rabhas ionaighnis risna taoiseachaibh so, Maguires of F. § 56. ¤ainmmnigthe fit to be named: is úaitsi is ionainmnighthe í, ar Ronán, Ériu v 94.4 . ¤air fit for ploughing: As subst. itir ḟidh ocus fer ocus ínnair , Laws iv 146.1 Comm. indair .i. in t-ar derg no in gort, ut est itir fér ┐ ith ┐ indair ` arable land ,' O'Dav. 1120. seacht seisrecha leis for indair, Anecd. i 1.8 . ¤airm capable of bearing arms: a fir i.¤ athramail aín. IT iii 80.27 . do hoileadh Lúgh Lamhfada go beith ionairm dó, Keat. i 220.17 . ¤áirme, later also ¤áirim worthy of being recounted or mentioned: ni hionairme tu itir deglaochaib, TBC-LL¹ p. 241 n. 5 . an tres itche as ionáirme, BNnÉ i 224.37 . imḟorcraid ro b'inairme `any advantage worth mentioning,' MR 268.19 . is roim thigerna do gairm dhe as mo do rinne se do na gnimhaibh bad ináirmhe dhúin, L. Chl. S. § 46 . gonar fhagaibhsiat ní is ionaireamh da leabhruibh innte, MS. Mat. 551.41 . nír bhó hionairimh a n-échta, AFM vi 1936.11 . cás oinigh ni hionáirimh | go bás t'oidhir d'fholáirimh, Aithd. D. 60 § 33. ¤aistir fit to travel, capable of walking: atai-si anbann, ┐ ní hinaistir tú budesta, ZCP vi 98.30 . ona baí ionaisttir leó an t-árach ina mbertaoi a chorp ... do dhenamh dho `as he was not able to march with them, to make for him the bier ...,' AFM iii 364.x . lé ndéantar othar don anam, ┐ lé gcuirthear ... ó bheith ionaistir i slighe na haithrighe é, TSh. 10460. As epithet of a messenger: dochuir C. a echlacha ... .i. Tairec Turusach ┐ Berraidhi Inasdair, RC xliii 14 § 8. ¤aithne capable of being recognised or acknowledged: nach tiobhairthe acht dod thogha | ionaithne na hasgadha `one sees that such gifts would not have been given thee except to mark thee out,' Aithd. D. 37 § 14. ¤aitire capable of acting as a surety: ni hinaitire ┐ ni hinraith, O'Curry 509 (< H 3.18, p. 258 ). ¤aitreba fit to be inhabited: ro láinbrisedh lais iatt conar bhó hionaittreabha inntibh (of castles that were demolished), AFM v 1386.12 . ¤allcaille ` fit for a ghost ' : aghaid glasban inalcaille le, CCath. 4023. ¤altena fit for (use as) a razor: ro thogaibh F. in luirg imremair athgeir inaltena, Stair Erc. 290. ¤amuis fit for military service: oclaech alaind inamhuis, D IV 2, 79ra24 . ? ¤áraig liable to be bound ? liable to give a pledge or guarantee ? : inarag .i. bith arag tar a cend ar na tarlaici a cinaidh for nech, O'Curry 467 (< H 3.18, p. 246 ). ¤ármaige `fit for a battle-field' : adv. co hinarmaighe (of a corpse) CCath. 4189. ¤baindse fit for a wedding-feast: flegha fuain .i. inbotha .i. inbainnsi .i. edach nuachuir, O'Curry 2067 (< H 4.22, p. 67 ). ¤béime capable of being censured, blame-worthy: má tá nidh inbhéime ann, gabhadh gach léaghthóir mo leithsgeul, Eochairsg. 17.34 . níorbh inbhéime an breitheamhnas tuaithe `the native law of the land should not be censured,' Keat. i 70.7 . ¤béla fit for the axe: etham frichnamha : tir inbela som (i.e. uncleared land), Laws iv 276.15 . ¤bésa customary: it hesidi at inbésa gl. quae ... fieri moris est, Ml. 45dr . is dusuidib ba inbesa gl. quibus moris erat, 31d12 . ¤bethe capable of being, fit to be: nabud inbethe iar n-aicniud (sic leg.) for oin `that it could not be by nature ...,' Laws i 156.16 Comm. co mbat ingnīma fri guin duine ┐ co mbat inbuithi fri tūaith `until they take their place in the tribe,' Cáin Ad. § 34. dibell .i. ní inbuithi in bello (sic leg.), O'Mulc. 311. ¤bíd fit for food ? : miach cruithnechta cruaid inbid, Laws ii 250.x . ¤boga like a bow: rella iongnáth ... ┐ crom stuagh urcrom ionbhogha eiste `a curved bow-like tail,' AFM v 1700.10 . ¤bruigne capable of taking part in a conflict: ógbhaidh fheardha ion-bhruighne `good in fight,' Content. xxix 26. ¤búana fit to be reaped: abaidh inbuana a tosach na ced mís d'foghmar, BCC 70.14 .

¤chaithme

(a) eatable, proper to be eaten: connach inchathmi do neoch ní cen shaethar, LL 285b43 . atā fleadh urlamh ionc[h]aithfe agum dhuit, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1607. biadh daingean ioncaithmhe, Eochairsg. 69.9 . Fig. ... thruailligheas an eagna dhiadha ó bheith ionchaithmhe, TSh. 8982.

(b) capable of being cast: a n-airm eadtroma ion-chaithmhe, Atlantis iv 196.3 .

¤chatha

(a) able to fight: is truagh lium méd an eigin a fuiled fir Eirenn ┐ gan mo beith féin inchatha leo, CF 400. ? As subst. : innus guma ferrde h'incathe `so that thou shalt be the better fitted to fight,' RC xix 32.y . ? To this,

(b) worth fighting for ? : madh incaithe crich .i. cathaige tar cend na criche, O'Curry 1988 (< H 4.22, p. 24 ).

¤chéile marriageable: iar mbeith inchéile agus ionchuinge dhó, ITS x 78.3 . ¤chennaig worthy to be bought ? : do ghrádh d'fithcheallaibh ní ḟuil | far b'inchendaigh clár cumdoigh, IGT Decl. ex. 524. ¤chinaid capable of (committing) an offence ? responsible ? : ar na bi nach soer fri tairmt[h]egd in domnaig ... di neuch bes incinaid, Anecd. iii 25.20 . ¤choganta (g. of congnad late form of congnam) able to help: an chuid eile d'á cloind do bí inchúganta, AU iii 546.4 . ¤cho[i]mge, ¤cho[i]mde worthy of protection: do chlú is ionchomhdha do Bhrian ... `it is B.'s duty to maintain thy fame,' Aithd. D. 19 § 13. ionchoimhdhe ar ndáinne mar as creidthe a gcanfaimne `my poem is to be heeded,' § 12 . ¤choisc able to restrain or resist ? : cosmail ra Ailill n-ucud ... n-inchoisc `zurückzuhaltenden (?)', TBC-LL¹ 5436. ¤choise capable of being traversed on foot: ag leanbh 'na áth ionchoise `a ford that even a child could cross,' Aithd. D. 60 § 30. ¤chomartha worthy of note: atáid trí neithe ionchomhartha do leith an bháis chorpardha, TSh. 8561. See also inchomartha subst. infra. ¤chomlainn able to fight, a match (for) : cach aen ara mbiadh sciath ar a scath, do neoch bus incomlaind, Laws i 158.4 . dáig ní hinchomlaind ┐ ní hinchomraic aithle chomraic Ḟir diad, TBC-LL¹ 5717. secht fichit laech ┐ secht fichit fer incomlaind (read n-in- ...) `seven score ordinary fighting men,' IT ii2 196.3 . ni rabi ... fer bad incomlaind do, Cog. 174.17 . ní hincomhluind tú fein rium-sa, ZCP vi 36.11 . dá dtig an t-aithrigheach do bheith láidir ionchomhlainn ris na holcaibh, TSh. 8944. ¤chommoídme worthy of being boasted of: cindedh comloinn ... rob incommaidmhe ... ar a ceile, MR 268.19 . ¤chommórtais comparable: re rígh Bréifne ní hionchomortais gl. re rígh B. ní measdae, Hard. ii 300.2 . ní raibh Leath Modha ionchommórtuis rinne, PCT 510. i ngeár-eolas na gCumas Neimhionchomórtas `the Incomparable Powers,' ITS x 78.1 . ¤chomparáite comparable: nach fuil cuingill inmesta [ná in-compráiti] itir an dorcadus ┐ an solus, De Contemptu 1276.

¤chomraic

(a) capable of giving combat, a match (for) : ní hinchomlaind ┐ ní hinchomraic aithle chomraic Ḟir diad, TBC-LL¹ 5717. ní hincomraic leanamh tri mbliadan déc, CF 404. ni hincomrac (read ¤raic) sluaigh na sochraiti ris re mét a nirt, ZCP vi 294.5 . nach incomruicc aenduine da nertmairecht risna righnuibh sin, Stair Erc. 1121. re tréithibh an té se ní hionchomhruic | céimionnas aonduine is fios domhsa `worthy to be pitted against,' Ó Bruad. ii 200.5 .

(b) fit to mate with, marriageable: co llín n-ingen n-aurlam n-inchomraic, LU 8714.

¤chomtha fit to be together with: Muirn Mheic Liag ... | níorbh ionchomtha í as m'anáir `is not fit to set beside,' TD 14 § 29. ¤Chon-Chulainn comparable with Cc.: adv. cuairt oirir co h-ion-Con-cculaind , ZCP ii 341.18 . Aodh go hionChon na hEamhna '[defending the province] as well as the Hound of Eamhain' DDána 320 § 30 , Ériu xx 85 . ¤chongbála proper to be kept, to be held : an duine nach tabhair an raed is intabhartha agus chonnmhas in raed is inchonnmhala, duine sanntach sin, ITS xxix 147.34 . d'eisiomlaruigh Criosd fein in tslighi so do bheith in-chonnmhala o bhreithir agus o ghniomh, 213.6 . ¤chosnaim able to defend: ro gabhsat na Goill ... acc denamh daingean-mhúr criadh ... co mbatar ionchosnaimh fri biodhbadhaibh `in a state to hold out against enemies,' AFM vi 2192.8 . ¤chotrebe to be dwelt (in) : adeir Galenus ... nach incaitreaba a comarsanacht na ndaine a n-a mbiad na galra gabaltacha, RC xlix 54.5 . ¤chreca capable of being sold, liable to be sold ? : ma ruca in flaith gubreth forin ceile is increca a riar de his tribute is liable to be sold as a result of it?, O'D. 519 (< H 3.17, col. 421 ). ¤chuinge fit for the yoke, marriageable: iar mbeith inchéile agus ionchuinge dhó, ITS x 78.3 . ¤chuir, ¤chora to be put, proper to be put, comparable: do cuiredh úair nárbh inchuir | cuiredh úaib ar Érendchaib, IGT Decl. ex. 711. geall cháigh 'na ucht dob ionchuir, TD 10 § 3. m'each iomchuir ... | do b'ionchuir srian dá seoladh, Studies 1933, 406 § 1 . úir budh ionchuir 'na haghaidh comparable with her, DDána 100 § 7. rob ionchuir é, ceann a cceann, | is inghean airdrīgh Éireand, KMMisc. 356 § 6. measaidh an Tighearna gurab ionchuir idir lucht an tsaidhbhris diommolta é =inter divites reprobos eum reputet Dominus, TSh. 9993. measaim ... gurab ionchuir ó theist é `I consider he should be rejected as a witness,' Keat. i 34.53 . aoibhneas ris nach ionchora, DDána 37 § 27. do chlann ní hionchora ón eire, 26 § 17. ¤Chuirc fit to be compared with Corc: ionChuirc do chuairt go Caiseal, 74 § 10. ¤chummannta fit to join a company (of warriors), able to fight: ni roibhi ... Eirristinech incumannta nach roibhi aran aensluagh-sin, ZCP vi 61.5 . ¤dála proper, peculiar (cf. is dáil do na mnáibh éadáil do dhéanamh da gach ionnmhus, Keat. ii 5323 ) : dob indala da gruaidh ghil | buaidh na hiomana an uairsin, ZCP ii 343.z . ¤dána `giftworthy' : an t-óglách óg iondána, TD 20 § 22. ¤degduine courteous, gallant: ri rob feli ┐ rob i.¤ tanicc d'feraib Erenn riam, Ann. Conn. 1230 § 9. na hairbheda órarmacha ... uasalbeoda indeghdáine (description of troops), Caithr. Thoirdh. 41.11 . ¤dénma, ¤dénaim capable of being made, (proper) to be made, capable of performing: mac bundsaidi ... mac da n-indenma no da n-indiubraic[th]i bundsach e a child by whom a rod can be made or hurled, O'Curry 559 (< H 3.18, p. 277 ). beag nach táinig mo théarma | a oirchill dob indéanmha preparation should have been made for it, Dán Dé v 1. ó tá ar n-agra indéinimh `for my suit is a fitting one,' Content. xxix 1. rún ní hindéanaimh orra it is not fitting to be secretive about them, DDána 55 § 2. flaith indéanaimh fhearachta an Iollánaigh, 83 § 19. ? To this : faghail ar ó bhfind Áonghasa | tre fholaidh nírb inndénmhasa, IGT Decl. ex. 858. ¤dermait to be forgotten, forgettable: goin th'ochta ní hindearmaid, DDána 52 § 36. mar dobínn 'ga gruaidh gelbuilc | docím úaim nach indermaid, Prolegomena 45 § 24. ¤Díarmata: fear é as inDiarmada Mhóir, DDána 299 § 29 . ¤dilg resembling a pin ? : indilg .i. cosmail fri delg ar amansi, O'Curry 811 (< H 3.18, p. 375a ). ¤dochonáig unlucky, unfortunate: is indoconáigh do rala dh' Ua Edhra sin, síth do dhénamh iarna arguin `this thing was unfortunate for O'H. ...,' ALC i 278.8 = Ann. Conn. 1225 § 12. ¤dola, ¤dula (proper) to be gone, able to go, traversable: ni hinndula daibhsi annsud, IT ii2 126.122 . ní hiondula uathadh sluaigh a ccath, CRR² § 23. asbertadar nár bó inndola isin tech, SG 319.16 . rolai Cir foirenn dia muntir dia ḟis nar indula doib in sruth, BB 7a23 . a fhearg ní háth iondula, DDána 100 § 30. an mhéid atá iondula amach do dhénamh cogaidh, Numbers i 3. ¤échta fit to perform feats, fit for military service: ro marbad cech óen ba inechta dia muntir, IT iii 516.745 . do mhnaibh ┐ do dhaoinibh nar bho hinechta itir, AFM iii 466.19 . ni therno duine inéchta dona v cathaib .xx. it, D IV 2, 77vb3 . ¤echthres suitable for horse-contests ? : ineachthreas .i. áonach, O'Cl. ¤ecna capable of wisdom: do cuiredh dá oileamhuin é gan beth ineagna dhó, RC xxxviii 134.4 . ¤éicin necessary: is inéigin sgéla d'fhiarfaighidh don othur opus etiam aegrotum ... inquiri, O'Gr. Cat. 282.3. ¤engnama capable of valiant deeds: ailebthair lim-sa go rop inengnama (of a whelp), TBC-LL¹ 1049. nir inengnuma e ro hocci it was not fit for action on account of (its) youth, Cog. 186.23 . ¤érce liable to be paid (as éric) : fuil setaibh acrai inerce `a wound [inflicted] in the course of levying a payment due,' BCrólige § 63 , glossed : indat ineirce seoit o acarar `for which chattels are payable when it is levied.' ¤ethaim suitable for tillage: cidh fearann ineathaim, cidh fearann aneathaim, O'D. 2318 (< Rawl. B 506, fo. 32d ). dá fis in etem no na inethem, O'D. 1656 (< H 5.15, p. 22b ). icá séna no icá imdénam fo aicned ethaim no inethaim, ib. ¤etig to be refused: an lucht eirgeas a heaslainte ┐ iarras biadh ... nach ineitigh iad, 23 P 10³, 27b27 . ¤ḟedma fit for military service, capable of efficient action: ger b'óg e dob ionfedhma, ZCP ii 343.35 . bui do ḟot a foistine ... isin Róimh ... conár bó [infe]adhma fri frestal cocaidh `fit to act in the service of warfare,' CCath. 332. gach uile arm infheadhma, O'Gr. Cat. 510.36. o ro batar gan tighearna infedhma aca deis Gofradha, AFM iii 364.18 . fear mo mheallta | mé 'na aighidh ní hinfheadhma, Dán Dé xvi 13. ... chuireas iad ó bheith infheadhma ré foghnamh do dhéanamh ré Dia, TSh. 7243. caiptín infheadhma `an efficient captain,' Keat. i 66.20 . As subst. `service due to a chief' : do thabairt infheadma catha leat, CF 541. ¤ḟéineda fit to be a warrior: no ingabdaís in mac comad infeíneda é, RC v 199.8 . ¤ḟeithme capable of watching over: lucht infheithmhe m'eoil `guides for my path,' Aithd. D. 52 § 18. ¤ḟíadnaise ` capable of giving valid evidence' : ní hinḟíadnaisi acht fri cach súaill re secht mblíadna[ib] .x., Críth G. 35. secht mbliadna .x. ais intan is infiadnaise im chur ┐ im cunnrad, ┐ a oct fichit a ais intan is infiadnaise im ruthrad ┐ im ferann, O'Curry 646 (< H 3.18, p. 311 ). fer bus infiadnaise, Laws iv 10.26 Comm. ¤ḟiled (?) fit for a poet: dúa infiliu, Ériu lix 126 § 8 . ¤ḟir marriageable: inghean Éadaoine ... ón uair rob' infhir, Aithd. D. 11 § 2. bean inḟir ... ┐ na mná inḟir, IGT Decl. § 135. infhir, IGT Introd. 33.4 . infhear, 5 . See also inir. ¤ḟlatha fit for a prince: secht nairm nilatha nō ninflatha, TBC-I¹ 2551. .uiii. n-airm n-indflatha, LU 6485. fuidell innḟlatha di cid dam co ti[n]ni, RC xxii 394.2 . go ngnuis aghaidh chaoín ionfhlatha ` chief-becoming ,' AFM vi 2236.4 . ¤ḟoglada fit for an outlaw: `is inḟoglaga in chuid sin' ar Fergus `Is fīr ōn, is cuid foglada acumsa' for C., TBC-I¹ 2353. ¤ḟolaig : ní budh ionḟolaigh air féin `anything which would be fitting to hide from him,' TD 17 § 62. ¤ḟorais fit to be a cattle-pound : o croaib inforais .i. o liasaib laegh; cidh ani inforais? .i. airm in hagedar nech in [leg. ni?] oga athgabail, CIH iii 887.20 ; see inḟorais. ¤ḟorba capable of inheriting family land: athair inorba, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 150 (transltd. `father who is capable of inheriting (family land),' ZCP xxi 320.20 . is riom ro herbad a choimét comad infhorba, SG 254.2 . ní roibhi cland L. inḟorba in tan sin, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 24.y . ¤ḟuirig to be waited for, worthy to be waited for: dearbthar ... nach infuiridh reisin tart `that we should not wait for thirst,' 23 P 10³, 42b1 . fríoth fear d'óigh rer ionfhuirigh `a virgin had won a spouse worth waiting for,' Aithd. D. 60 § 44. ¤ḟulaing endurable, permissable: is infulaig iar nomaid inhuitir ` to be maintained ,' BCrólige § 58. cis n-incis o anfine, ocus cis n-infuilaing o fine `a fair rent' (? quit-rent), Laws i 158.8 Comm. an ga bulga ag Coin Chuluinn | iomarcaidh narbh ionfhuluing an insupportable advantage ?, DDána 104 § 26. l eighes d'áilliugud na mban ocus más ar son a fer fen dogentar as infulaing, O'Gr. Cat. 210.19.

¤gabála

(a) fit to be taken, (liable) to be taken: ma ruca in flaith gubreth ... is ingabala a biadh ┐ a comaitecht dhe, O'D. 519 (< H 3.17, col. 421 ). ni ingill, ni ingabāla acht gell n-ōir no airgait no umai `anzunehmen ist nur ein Unterpfand von Gold oder Silber,' ZCP xv 314 § 8. secht tigi ingabala `seven habitable houses,' Laws i 104.31 Comm. muna ana, bid innascda ingabala to be captured , MR 144.8 . [as] rádh fírinneach so, agus atá sé ionghabhála ris worthy of acceptance , 1 Timothy iv 9.

(b) Of a prayer, to be recited: mád ingabala a ecnairc etir, RC xv 487 § 4.

¤galair sick, diseased: nocho ndenunn seig teg n-oidedh do bochtaib, no comuirge do lucht ingalar isin eclais, Laws v 122 n. 3 . co n-accai in fer n-ingalair dia dochum ... ocus se scithech mertnech, IT i 126.8 (TE) araile fer ingalar ` quidam lang[u]ens ,' PH 4435. As subst. : liaig fri hingallru `a physician for the sick,' Ériu ii 210.4 . ¤garma fit to be named: gion go ngoirthí ... | roileag Éireann d'iath Ghailian | ... is iongharma, DDána 100 § 31. ¤gerta fit for manure: ic fochartad in ottraig ingerta (` tallowy ,' but Thurn., ZCP xvi 211.27 , translates `des Dünger-Mists'), MacCongl. 91.10 . ¤gill fit to be accepted as a pledge ; later worthy, excellent: ní hingill ní hingabhala acht gell oir no airgit, ... ar ní hingill ní cheana for nothing else is acceptable, O'D. 711 (< H 3.17, col. 519 ). inghill d'ḟuil Ḟeidhlim `the pledgeworthy of Féilim's blood,' TD 10 § 4. dlighe ... báidh ret ealathain inghill worthy of thy skill, DDána 90 § 15. ní hinghill ... leat meise ar mhaille gcéimeann, Aithd. D. 41 § 13. ¤gníma capable of (warlike) action: for maccu encu co mbat ingnīma fri guin duine `until they are capable of slaying a man,' Cáin Ad. § 34. fiallaigh ingnima `of a party fit for action,' Laws iii 60.6 Comm. bad romoch lind ra gabais armu daig ar bith nít ingnima-su beus, TBC-LL¹ 1164. cor ása in cú hisin ┐ corop ingníma, LU 5028. ionnas nách raibhe naonmhar inghníomha no inshiúbhail aca, ML 142.23 . ¤gnímraid capable of work: in tan ... nach ingnimruigh iat, Laws ii 46.9 Comm. ¤gotha worthy of censure, blameworthy: ní budh ionghotha d'ḟior `anything that would earn reproach for a man,' TD 22a § 57 . ní faícim gurub ingotha tú, RC xix 32.12 (Fier.). ¤íarrata `to be sought for' : gurab í urnaighthe bhíos tarbhach an urnaighthe do-ní an fíréan ar ní iniarrata, TSh. 4538. ni ḟuil ainm áoin-easlaint iniarrata `desiderandum ,' 23 K 42, 262.10 . ¤ibhe fit to drink: fuair sibh an slógh | ar dhigh d'ól nochar bh'in-ibhe `by the undrinkable draught ...,' Dán Dé xvi 25. fíon dob olc inibhe, Aithd. D. 78 § 17.

¤ícca

(a) able to pay: mac i n-ais ica aithgena ... mac inaesa insen e ┐ ní mac inica, O'Curry 557 (< H 3.18, p. 274 ).

(b) curable: mad inice .i. má innleighis é, O'D. 870 (< H 3.17, col. 623 ).

¤imbertha proper to be inflicted: robadh in-imbertha dhuit bás ar in mnaoi `it would be fitting for you to inflict death on ...,' ITS v 76.9 . ¤immarbága fit to contend with: aen ragha urrigh na hErenn ... ar agh ┐ ar fhíruaisli co narb inimarbágha nech ris, AU ii 476.25 . ¤imrama fit to row upon: túarcabsat anbtine fríu co nár bó inimrama dóib in muir, TTr.² 1940. ¤imtechta fit to set out, ready to set out ; capable of being traversed: co nábo inimthechta in magh ... la himbed na coland, 1044 . a n-arthraigibh agas a longa inimtheachta, ML 44.22 = a n-ethair urlama, ML² 648. imirce na haithrighe do bheith urlamh inimtheachta aca, TSh. 4104. ¤indraig (a wound) requiring a tent ; by transference, the person on whom such a wound has been inflicted: secht seūit cacha inindrigh, Cáin Ad. § 44. isi in deithbhir [etir] na dá ininnraidh : eirgidh ina haonar amuich ┐ amach ┐ bidh ina suide gin duine ris an ininnraidh sé sét. In ininnraidh secht sét ní bidh gin guala fri hadhart no gin duine faoí, O'D. 834 (< H 3.17, col. 595 ). telgudh fola do. Ma ri talmain na fola inindrigh crochadh in bidbadh ind, O'Curry 46 (< H 3.18, p. 17a ). in ime frisin n-inindraig `the fence [prop ?] against the bandage wound,' Ériu xii 132.25 . ¤lachta : bó i.¤ a milch-cow, a cow in milk ? : tabuir na ceithri ba so fris na sé bu déc inlachta, O'D. 246 (< H 3.17, col. 197 ). ¤láich fit for a hero, heroic: do sil Lugdach Laga inlaich, BB 232b30 . ¤láig capable of bearing a calf ? : bó innláoigh ... na ba indláoigh, IGT Decl. § 135. ¤lego curable, able to profit by the treatment of a leech: ised adbered cach liaig dīb ... nā bad beō ┐ nā bad indlego (inleghis, v.l.) itir, TBC-I¹ 2781. cach fer atdered ... ní ba hindlega, TBC-LL¹ 4280. ¤leigis curable: foclaidh liath (leg. liaig) coitchend gunat inleighis 'an impartial physician declares that he is curable', Mar. Dis. 30 § 8 . do breith gach ain budh inleighis dibh co hait a leighis, CF 974. atrubratar ... a lega friss nar indlegis itir he, LB 143a23 . is inothrais ┐ is inleigis iat, Acall. 5258. adubhradar ... nar bhó galar inleighis bai fair, O'Don. Gram. p. 274.28 (<BFerm.). ar n-othar nach indleighis, IGT Decl. ex. 1372. ¤leithscéil excusable: is ro annadh (= annamh) is inleithsgéil ainbhfhios don tsamhuil-si, Donlevy 146.9 . ¤leógain lion-like: Búrcaigh na mbeart n-inleóghain, TD 17 § 17. a dhreach inleoghain, Aithd. D. 46 § 1. ¤lesa profitable ? : nach inlesa .i. doroine a lles fadesin, O'Curry 875 (< H 3.18, p. 392b ). ? ¤lesuigthe capable of maintaining: ata soithceach inlesuighe acud (leg. acu) ┐ ni denuit in gaire `they have sufficient wealth but they do. not perform the maintenance,' Laws iii 54.23 Comm. ¤locha fit to float on a lake: gan bhád ionlocha, DDána 120 § 12. ¤lochta blame-worthy ? : inlochta fraic folach, O'Dav. 995. inlochta .i. ro airlithar foladh mna, O'Curry 464 (< H 3.18, p. 245 ). ¤lóga, ¤lúaig worthy to receive a reward: ? is lúthamail nó is ionlogha tainic an ghein ... gormrosccach ó gnlan-baistedh, Misc. Hag. Hib. 111 § 35. degh-oibre ionluaigh a bhfiadhnuisi De, Parrth. Anma 114.15 . subháilcheach ┐ dubháilcheach, ionluaigh ┐ neimhionluaigh, Desiderius 15.y. ¤maídim worthy to be boasted of (see moídem) : ní hionmhaoidhimh dhí a ndéineann, TD 26 § 51. ní barr budh ionmhaoidhimh air `it is not a superfluity which should be grudged to him,' 28 § 38. dul i n-uaigh ní hionmhaoidhimh `His burial is nothing for us to congratulate ourselves on,' Aithd. D. 59 § 11. gan aéin ceim badh ionmaoidhim re a fhaghbail, AFM vi 2120.1 . ¤mara sea-worthy, fit to go to sea: ar na fagbaitis Ecceptacda trealma ionmara ... dia ttarróchtain, Leb. Gab.(i) 198.19 . urmhor fer nErend do neoch roptar ionmara díobh `such of them as were fit to go to sea,' Cog. 136.14 . na huile longa ... co mbetis ellma [inmara], CCath. 3269. ¤mesca (capable of) intoxicating: co lennaib inmescaib, LU 9048. lestra mára co ndeglind i.¤ , RC ix 478.3 . ¤molaid worthy of praise: gan rígh 'na chomhraghain sin d'airrdhibh ionmholaidh `without peer among kings for splendid traits,' Aithd. D. 76 § 6. ¤múinte teachable (?): níor bh’ionmhuinte bior dhíbh sin, Duan. F. i 29.35 . ¤núachair marriageable: do bhí ar an ordughudh sin go mbeith io[n]nuachair di, IT ii2 111.28 . go bhfaghbha th'fhear ionnuachair, DDána 97 § 6. ar mbeith ionnuachair dhi do pósadh ré hAonghus í, Keat. ii 4909. ¤óclaig (see óclach) worthy of a warrior (of a woman, marriageable, attractive (?): of a man, manly): mása inógláigh an ben pósta curab so-grádach ó cach hí `of marriageable age,' De Contemptu 672. chonnairc hi go hog aluinn ionoghlaidh, Béaloideas xiv 223.28 . In the same text, of a man: is urusa duit fear og ionoglaidh dfaghail fit to be a warrior ?, ib. 31 . Cf. is blaith inócclach iad da méte fein ` warrior-like ' (of pygmies), Maund. § 186 ; and declined: daine maithi inóglacha, § 262. ¤óenaig fit for an assembly, festive (of attire): cloidhemh ordhuirn inaonaigh ina láimh, Anecd. i 76.11 . sreath ... | d'am[h]ruibh ionáonaigh, Ériu ix 163 § 5. ar aibídibh áilne ionaonaigh an ionnracais, TSh. 6964. go dtéid drong go teach na bainse ar a rabhadar earraidh ion-aonaigh vestis nuptialis, Eochairsg. 128.6 . ¤óla drinkable, ready to be drunk: i ngaineam thirímm cen usce ind itir bud inóla, Alex. 643 = indola, BB 494a23 . fledh aige ar na hullmugadh | ... do bi an taim-sin ionola, ZCP ii 344.2 . ¤othrais curable, able to benefit from medical treatment: dech let in ba hinothrais iat nó in ba hinleighis, Acall. 5256. is inothrais ┐ is inleigis iat mád maith mo luag leighis-sea, 5258 . ¤pháirte capable of making an alliance: ceadh 'ma badh ionpháirte inn | is fear mh' iomcháinte ar th' uillinn, DDána 101 § 20. ¤phósta capable of marrying: ní fuilim inposta aniugh, uair atá aingcis tromgalair ar mbualadh orum, ZCP vi 63.1 . ¤radairc visible: don ḟirmamhaint do-ní neimh | nach inradhairc í d'ḟáidhibh, IGT Decl. ex. 657. ¤ráid, ¤ráda fit to be mentioned, proper to be said, noteworthy: cearc Bhoirche ... | gér chúis iomráidh a hainm sin | ní gairm ionráidh mar aisgidh, Studies 1921, 257 § 3 . an té [as] ainm nach ionráidh (of Satan), A. Ó Dálaigh xlviii 4. is ria as ionrádha airdrí, DDána 55 § 9. an focal budh fhearr ionrádha, PBocht 6 § 34. ní lóir-ghníomh is ionráidh ris, acht lórfhulang, TSh. 4912. urnaighthe as ionráidh le togbhail an chuirp naomhtha, Parrth. Anma 328.3 . ¤ráith ` capable of undertaking suretyship': húare ... nád n-inráith friu ... ar lagait a ḟolaid, Críth G. 130. ni hinaitire ┐ ni hinraith, O'Curry 509 (< H 3.18, p. 258 ). sai inraith etym. gl. on sruith, O'D. 1552 (< H 5.15, p. 1a ). ¤retha fit to run: go dtig ... nach bí inreatha i rian na haithrighe, TSh. 10442. ¤ríg kingly, fit for a king: gémad innrígh a oinech, Acall. 222. ni hinríogh an té thoghas `not kingly is he who resolves thus,' TD 20 § 3. As adv.: is inrigh doronadh in fobairt sin, CCath. 3514. ¤ríge fit for kingship, eligible for kingship: ní táinic Tórna ... co Temraig ... corbo inríge in mac, SG 327.12 . nirb' inrighae Nuadoo iar mbeim a laime de, RC xii 60 § 14. ¤ríme worthy to be calculated: corradh mór ar thrí mhíle | ríomhthar tria réim inrímhe `are counted in the worthy records,' Content. xv 70. ¤ronna fit to be divided: eighriocht í nach ionronna `an inheritance unfit for division,' TD 24 § 38. ¤rúin fit to be trusted: ionrúin mé, ní misde dhuid `I am worthy of trust, thou art in no danger,' 40 § 8 . duine éadmhar ní hionrúin, Dánta Gr. 39.4 . ¤scene like a knife ?: insgeine, insgean, IGT Introd. p. 33 , 25 - 26 . ¤scuir fit for separating, to be separated: faithe inscuir a plain fit for unyoking horses ?, Laws ii 116.14 Comm. faithcle insguir inuithir `a green of separation for the sick,' 12.19 . daoibh ót uabhar dob' ionsguir you must part with your pride, DDána 56 § 13. ¤sgagaid fit to be strained ?: do thionnsgnaduir cradh dá chionn | sul rabh lionn insgaguidh ann, IGT Decl. ex. 1279. ¤shelga capable of hunting: ro forbair in mac ... cur ba hinselga e, RC v 199.9 . ¤shíl suitable for seed ?, favourable to growth ?: drúcht inshíl an fhóid iodhain, Aithd. D. 7 § 39. ¤shítha worthy of peace, able to be reconciled: o nach insitha m'oti-si ┐ Ruaidri reroili, Ann. Conn. 1315 § 8. dá [n-infhíocha] Dia gach duine | cia as inshíotha acht Muire amháin `who merits peace ... ?,' Dán Dé x 31. ¤shiubail able to walk: eirigh-si ... co Ráith Deiscirt ... oir ní inṡiubhail mhisi, Imr. Brain 66.26 . anaitt athaidh and sin ag Conall nō gurbhó hinsiubal é (C. had been wounded), ZCP xiv 252.16 . da bris craidhi na heigsi ... co nach insibail `cannot progress,' AU ii 488.11 . ro bai manach dibh ┐ galar cos fair ┐ docuaidh i ccosaibh in righ, ┐ ba hinsiubail siumh fein, BNnÉ 298 § 38. ¤shlúagaid able to fight, fit for military service: gach nech dob innsluagad (leg. -aid ?) dá raibh isin tír, ALC ii 244.2 . do rala teidhm tinneasa ┐ gabhadh ger eassláinte dó ... co nár bo hiontsluaighidh an tan sin hé, AFM vi 2234.9 . ní hionshluaghaidh séad mar sain `not to be carried on hosting' (of a drinking cup), Aithd. D. 9 § 16. ¤shluind significant, worth mentioning: insluind cach ran `mentionable is every splendid one,' O'Dav. 1350. ¤shnadma fit to be bound: síoth gémadh ionṡnadhma ann `even though it be possible to make peace about it,' TD 23 § 1. ¤shnáma fit for swimming in: ní dligther snámh do mhúnadh dhóibh muna raibhe uisce inshnamhadh a comhfochruibe dia n-aitibh, Laws ii 156.10 Comm. uisci inshnámha ..., 158.4 Comm. ¤shóid able to bring happiness or good fortune: terc nach inshóidh do'n fhedhain `a scant one of the force but is adapted to secure a good event,' O'Gr. Cat. 502.19. ¤shómpla fit to be an example: an úaimh re mbí ad bharánta | sí ar n-úair as ionshómpla, IGT Decl. ex. 124. ¤tachair capable of engaging in combat with: terc aonfer a intachair, Caithr. Thoirdh. 131.24 . ¤tadaill able to come: ní deoraidh mise i Manainn | mé eiste ní hiontadhaill, Aithd. D. 23 § 1. ¤táeba, ¤táebaid, ¤táib worthy of trust: ní hintaebha na daine coimhigche, ZCP vi 289.z . tiocfaid na síona saobha | nach budh haimsear iontaobha, PBocht 25 § 7. ní hiontaobhaidh glóir Gaoidheal (: mbliochtchraobhaigh), DDána 118 § 26. an dream do-bheir faill 'na gcáirdibh ... nach iontaobha iad, TSh. 4624. rún truagh ó nar bh'iontaoibh iad `dread was their purpose, making them dangerous,' Aithd. D. 97 § 24. ¤taisfenta worthy to be expounded: in neoch ba hintaisfenta leis (of knowledge), O'Curry 896 (< H 3.18, p. 399 ). ¤techta, ¤tochta capable of going, to be gone, (fit) to be traversed: bid indtechta tria críathar n-átha bar mbrúar, BDD² 1294. bá intechta a himmelchrícaib in domain dia taidbriud, LL 234b13 . masadt idan-su ... is amlaid is intochta daid isin log, BB 496b32 . is relta inchoisc eolais moir ... Is intochta le we must go with it, Aen. 605. ní ba hintechta ... ar terci usci, BB 496b9 . ¤tinn capable of severity ?, capable of giving battle ? (see 2 tend): nochan in-tinn mé rem mian | dom inntinn is sé do sdiúr `I am not vigorous,' Dán Dé xxiii 31. ¤tnúith able to emulate, to be desired, worthy to be loved: ní bhíodh ag sgaoileadh an sgrioptúir | aoinfhear dhíobh rer bh'ionntnúidh é `aonduine do féadfaí do chur i gcomparáid leis,' DDána 59 § 21. móid re t'oireacht ní hiontnúith `nobody desires to conspire against your people,' RC xlix 173 § 29. [dál] an scrioptúir ó Dhia dhún | cia nach iontnúidh res an eol who does not desire knowledge ?, DDána 3 § 2. do ghlór an sgrioptúir an sgéal | mór as iontnúidh a n-aibéar `pleasant is the tale,' Dán Dé v 22. Moire as iontnúidh d'fhior `Mary who deserves man's love,' A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 3. ¤toga acceptable: duan molta intoga ic Dia, Lib. Hymn. i 193.6 . permissable ?: do b'iontogha olc na bhfear | um ghort lionntana Laighean `do b'fhiu an tír sin gach rud dar fhuilngeadar ar a son,' DDána 117 § 5. ¤toidechta, ¤taidechta worth coming: gurb intoidechta d'ḟeraib Erenn ... fo dhaighin ... fogluma it was worth their coming to learn, MR 266.z . rop intaidhechta ... do shluagh Fodhla, 312.13 . ¤toile desirable: na nógánachaibh iontoile, Ezekiel xxiii 12. ¤tomais able to weigh: ní h-in-tómais an mead `the scales is not fit for measuring,' De Contemptu 1267. ¤troda fit to contend: iar na tuiccsin dó na baoí introda frisan ngasraidh ..., AFM vi 2078.20 . ¤túir worthy to be sought after: sgéal é ónab iontúir neamh a tale which shows heaven to be worth seeking after, DDána 37 § 5. ¤turuis fit for a journey: ní bhíd ionturuis ré triall i raon na haithrighe go neamh, TSh. 9385.

(b): ¤accartha to be sued for: cella oc na hinagurta d'oirchinnechaib eneclunn ┐ ce agruit, nocho dir, Laws v 128 n. 1 . ¤áigthe to be feared: in cath cruadh inaigte, CCath. 3623. ¤áirimthe fit to be reckoned, considerable: anté ... léiges de aithfrend nó cuid bhús ionáirimthe d'aithfreann déisdeacht lá saoire ..., Ó Héodhusa 162.3. ¤anta to be waited: gearr dá éis budh ionanta `not long may I abide after him,' Studies 1924, 87 § 14 . ¤attrebtha later ¤áittreibthe habitable: mád ind Assia bec nirbó inatrebtha ule ... la drochthuth na fola, TTr.² 1047. annsa chuid ionáitreibhthe da thalamh, Proverbs viii 31. ¤beite proper to be: ní hinbheithte dá ghruaidh ghloin | 'na aon i n-aghaidh phobuil, DDána 75 § 16. ¤benta (di) to be taken: inbheanta dhíom a ndlighthior `I must make those amends,' Aithd. D. 34 § 4. ¤brethnaigthe to be considered: as iad so na halluis as inbreathnuighthe do theacht chum slainte sudores saluberrimi censentur, 23 K 42, 197 .z. atáid neithe examhla inbhreathnuighthe isin bfual, 134.7 . ¤buailte able to fight: dá mbeith féin ionbhuailte ré Bhrian, Keat. iii 3987. ¤cháinte to be disparaged: ní hioncháinte an chrích co huilidhe ar a son, i 58.53 . ¤chairigthe to be censured: fil secht n-innerghe ... incáirighte, Laws iii 64.24 Comm. ¤chathaigthe fit to give battle: ro fhás a mbrigh ... gurbh ionchathaighthe gach aoin fhear, Cog. 216.15 . nocha n-ionchaighthe (leg. ionchathaighthe) sinne ar ndís, thusa ┐ do dhá láimh agad ┐ misi ar lethláimh, Comp. CC 131.26 . ¤chertaigthe to be corrected: cidhbé certaíghes é féin ní fuil sé incertaighthe o neoch eile gl. qui seipsum corrigit non est corrigendus, O'D. 847 (< H 3.17, col. 603 ). ¤chintaigthe blameworthy: as inchiontuighthe an tí do ní iad so dá dheoin féin gan riachtanus ... dá choimhéigniughadh, Desiderius 2606 . ¤choiscthe to be checked: tuig da d[t]isi ... a tosach na haicsisi nach incoisge (leg. incoisgthe ?) hi (of vomiting), 23 P 10³, 14b19 . ¤chomardaigthe equally to be esteemed ?: ar mhírbhuilibh inchomhardhaighthe eile `other worthy miracles,' O'Gr. Cat. 36 § 15. ¤chométa to be observed, to be kept: is iad ... riaghlacha is ionchoiméadta re scríobhadh stáire, Keat. i 56.28 . an ród díreach is ionchoimhéadta ré triall ar neamh, TSh. p. 304. ¤chommesta to be compared: ni hionchoimhmeasta ría íad, Proverbs viii 11. ¤chreite credible, trustworthy: ní hinchreti d'ánradaib sretha siabairthi ... saeb-forcetail na sean-druad, MR 190.2 . ní cosmhail go madh inchreidte ó leabhraibh nó ó eólchaib, ML 28.22 . ma's increitti da gheinemhain as increitti da bas ┐ da eiseirghi, ITS xix 58.21 . ní fhuil ... fiadhnaise inchreidte ar na neithibh seo againn, Keat. i 10.39 . credendum est `is inchreitte,' TSh. 4971. ¤chúartaigthe to be visited: an chathair ionchúartuighthe, Jeremiah vi 6. ¤chuirthe to be put: as ionchuirthe a n-ionguntas it is to be wondered at, BNnÉ 156.10 . ¤chumannta ?: ni roibhi ... Eirristinech incumannta nach roibhi aran aensluagh-sin ` capable of fighting ,' ZCP vi 61.5 . ¤damnaigthe to be condemned: go bhfuil obair na bhfiren iondamnaighte, Luc. Fid. 309.7 . ¤dénta to be done, fit to be done: doberait-sium aithis do Dia oc ainmniugud a ball for leith, mar nach indénta as ought not to be done, PH 7326. don túaruscbail fúarusa ... aran tír so ní hindénta comnaidhi innti `it is not fit to be inhabited,' Maund. 114. ro fiarfaigh ... crét do badh indénta frisan mac, BNnÉ 40.7 . is eadh budh indéanta dona daoinibh, iad féin d'ollmhughadh, TSh. 2651. as iondéunta gan féoil d'ithe na fíon d'ibhe, Romans xiv 21. ¤dergaigthe fit for the spreading of a couch in: ba he dlús a n-iomaircc gomadh indherghoighthe do rígh nó do rioghoin ar lár an atha da n-éis, ZCP x 293.y . imdaid indluigthe indergithi do ríg nó rígain, Manners and Customs iii 450.5 . ¤diommolta to be blamed: an tí chuireas cruinniughadh ... air (viz. on riches) ... atá indiommolta go mór, TSh. 10055. ¤diubraicthe fit to be cast, capable of being cast: cia aes in mac in aired is ainm do ... giall ... mac bundsaidi indside mac da n-inddenma, no da n-indiubraici bundsach e insen, O'Curry 559 (< H 3.18, p. 277 ). an tan batar a n-iodhnadha áigh urlamh indiubraicthe, AFM iv 1214.17 . ¤dlomtha proclaimable : rom dlomsat nīrb indlomhthai 'they gave notice to me, it should not have been done', Ériu lix 126 § 8 ​. ¤dóertha (or perhaps under (a) fit to be enslaved: rodairait cach oen rob indairtha, Cog. 80.4 . ¤dolta to be gone: nīrb iondolta ann (of Hell), ZCP xii 381.26 . nírbh iondolta don ród ríogh `we should not have left the royal road,' Aithd. D. 84 § 30. ¤ecclaigthe to be feared: is ineagluighthe dhuit guais na slighe atá romhat, TSh. 7760. ... is ionghuighthi dona hainglibh ┐ is in-eagluighthi dona tighearnaibh, ITS xxix 177.19 . Compar. ní ... is ineagluighthe ioná an bás, TSh. 1058. ¤ḟaomtha to be consented to: do fhaomh é is nír ionfhaomhtha `he gave his consent—it should never have been given,' Aithd. D. 94 § 5. ¤ḟéchta worthy to be looked at: ní hé gurb infhéachta ar ndreach, Dánta Gr. 16.7 . ¤ḟiafraigthe to be asked: as infhiafraighthi annso cred fár ..., ITS xix 80.13 . ¤gabtha to be accepted, acceptable: ni hingill ni hingabtha acht geall oir no airgid, O'Curry 723 (< H 3.18, p. 347 ). gach ród nach iongabhtha d'fhior to be taken , Dán Dé vi 2. go bhfuil an fhaoisidin ionghabhtha éigeantach, O'Gr. Cat. 39.4. ní hiongabhtha arán na heagna bréige uatha do bhríogh laibhín Lúitéir, TSh. 8980. gach nidh ... do bheith ionghabhtha do láthair Dé acceptable , Eochairsg. 53.23 . níor bh'ionghabhtha a theist ar Éireannchaibh, Keat. i 36.93 . ¤gerrtha: gl. lacerandum, Gild. Lor. n. 17. ¤glactha acceptable: aithnighid puisínigh an fíréin créd is ionghlactha `the lips of the righteous know what is acceptable,' Proverbs x 32. 's go mbiadh mo bhóta inghlactha, Hard. i 28.13 . ionghlachta i láthair Dé, De Imit. 77.6 . an aimsir as ionglactha dochum na faoisidne, Parrth. Anma 339.17 . ? ¤glúaiste requiring to be removed ?: co ras-tisad eicen adbul ingluaisti chuci ` irremovable ,' TTr. 970. ionghluaiste moveable , O'R. ¤goirthe to be called: do ghníomh féin as ionghoirthe dhe it is to be called your own deed, Mac Aingil 302.6 . ¤guidthe to be invoked: atá an Ógh Bheandaighthi so iniarrata roimh gach uile dhuine, agus atá si inghuighthi amhail righain ... flaitheamhnais Dhia, ITS xxix 206.12 . is se in ceand sin is ionghuighthi dona hainglibh, ┐ is ineagluighthi dona tighearnaibh, 177.18 . ¤íarrtha to be sought for: a shamhail sin is iniarrtha ré guidhe talis requirendus est ad orandum, TSh. 4541. ¤imbertha to be inflicted: robadh in-imbertha dhuit bás ar in mnaoi `you would have to put to death the wife ...,' ITS v 76.9 . ¤ite edible: biadh tirm inithte, Eochairsg. 69.5 . cnúas comh-abaidh ... inite `ripe edible nuts' (innte, inithche, v.ll.), BNnÉ 239 § 170. ¤labartha to be spoken: is innlabartha do na leighesaibh, O'Gr. Cat. 175.x . ¤laigthe fit for lying on: cuireatar an abhand as a hait ... cur bo hionadh iondlaicthi (ionluice, v.l.) do rignaibh et do ro-mhnaibh for lár an átha, TBC-LL¹ p. 547 n. 5 (Stowe). ¤légtha legible: gan aoínleabhar dhíobh do bheith inléaghtha do neach, Keat. iii 1694. ¤léicthe to be let, to be loosed: neart Gall ... | ní hinléigthe ar Eoghanchaibh, DDána 74 § 34. ... nach inlicti in cuisle don otar `the patient should not be bled,' Rosa Angl. 30.14 . ¤lenta to be followed, to be pursued: clann Osnaidhe as inlenta O.'s children can be traced, ZCP xiii 18 § 6. ní ní is inleanta a ndubhart what I said ought not to be followed up (in sense of proceeded against, avenged) ii 356.13 . cóir 'na fhuil gérbh inleanta `though He had to avenge His blood,' Aithd. D. 65 § 26. ní hinleanta air `there is no need to continue,' TD 13 § 42. an réim ... is innleanta san aithrighe, Eochairsg. 84.11 . an ród díreach is inleanta ar lorg Críost, TSh. 8049. ¤lúaidte worthy to be mentioned: ni hion-luaidhte deilbh bhan an domhain ag féachain deilbh na hinghine sin, ITS i 64.2 . ¤maínigthe (worthy) to be treasured ?: inmain .i. inmāinight[h]e é, Corm. Y 762. ¤marbtha fit to be killed: gach aon rob ionmharbtha (inéchta, text) ann, Cog. 80 n. 3 . co tuc[sam] fo gin gae ┐ claidim gach aen rob inmarbtha inti, Aen. 13. nír bo hionmarbhtha sidhe idir ge ro baoi tuilleadh ar chéd bliadhain d'aoís `whom it was not becoming to have killed,' AFM v 1734.13 . ¤mescaigthe capable of intoxicating: ba somblas a linn, ba inmescaigthe, Irish Texts i 3 § 8 (MS inmescaiḡ, Bethu Brigte 41 n. 56 ). ¤mesta to be compared, to be thought likely, conceivable: or ba hinmeasta a n-esbada gus in Mairt miscnig ... `not considerable' (capable of being compared ?), MR 110.16 . an tí thréigfeas é féin mar cheannach ar Chríost, nach inmheasta go dtréigfidhear Críost leis ..., TSh. 8007. is inmeasta sin as an sgéal léaghthar, 5205 . ní hinmheasta an tí do bhí isna cumhachtaibh seo do bheith fa chíoscháin ag an rígh Artúr, Keat. i 14.38 . is inmheasda dhúinn go bhfuil Dia fírcheart `we ought to consider,' Donlevy 374.1 . cionnas is inmheasda dhó go mbiaid a shearbhfhóghantuighe díleas dhó `how can he expect ...,' 478.25 . ¤moídte worth boasting of: ó'n Saoirbrethach do Domnall gin gurab inmháiti, O'Gr. Cat. 128.22 (scribal note on Eg. 88). ní hinmhaoidhte i n-Inis Luighdheach | ... caoi do dhéanamh, DDána 110 § 17. ¤molta praiseworthy, commendable, requiring to be praised: atait se coingill chum na fiadhnaise do beth inmolta, O'D. 849 (< H 3.17, col. 603 ). na mol munab inmolta nech, Ériu v 126 § 2 . a naemtecht foirbthe ┐ a mbethaid inmolta, Lism. L. Pref. xxii 23. a thionnlaicthe luatha ... is uaisle as ionmholta dhúin, Aithd. D. 58 § 8. ¤múinte capable of being taught: chomhluath agus bhíd ionmhúinte (of children), Donlevy Pref. xxi 11. ¤nochta to be revealed: ní hionnochta dhúinne dhíobh | rúine ionganta an airdríogh, PBocht 11 § 25. ¤obtha to be refused: lámh as truime tabharta | grádh uirre nírbh' ionobtha, 19 § 2. ¤ráite to be said, capable of being said: ? ní fuil ... aenlaech damad indraithi go toitfedh C.C. leis, ZCP x 303.25 . cá ham is ionráidte Amen, Donlevy 430.23 . ¤reactha ?: a fhearg uadh ní hinreactha `should not be proclaimed too much,' Aithd. D. 65 § 26. ¤ríartha to be subdued or disciplined: gell n-ungi tra do maigin ir-rér fir a diri mad inriart[h]ae imbie (of one who violates the Cáin Domnaig), Anecd. iii 23.11 . ¤ríata capable of being travelled: tromcheó ... connarb inríata dó in chonar, LU 8512. ¤rígtha fit to be made king: cet fer n-armach n-innrightha, TBC-LL¹ p. 197 n. 4 . mac óc nach inrígtha ara óice, SG 50.29 . ¤shechanta ( ¤tsechanta) to be avoided: bud inshechanta dona mnaib nó dona feruib le budh ail a n-óghacht do coimhed, caidriub a céli 'sa saeghal-sa, BCC 106.y . o gehennalis regio fugienda ... ó a fhlaithis intseachanta ifrinn, TSh. 6594. is intseachanta air an drong ... `it should be avoided by those ...,' Rosa Angl. 60.1 . ¤shuite `fit to be dwelt in': ré déanamh áruis na hanma ionshuidhte dhó féin, TSh. 8766. ¤smuaintigthe to be considered: atait tri neithi is insmuaintighthi, Mackinnon Cat. 59.23 . ¤tabartha to be given: nocha n-intaburta som[aine] don o[irchindech], Laws v 128 n 2 . is annsan aicid so doreir Galenus nach intabairt (v.l. intabartha, which read) leiges ..., RC xlix 17.z . ¤tsamluigthe capable of being compared: as na briathraibh se is iontuigthe gurab iontsamhluighthe na peacaidh ┐ na prímh-fhiabhrais re chéile, TSh. 7888. ¤tóebtha (worthy) to be trusted: cia is iontaobhtha d'fearaibh Breagh | díomsa dá ndeachadh Fínghean, Ir. Review 1913, 625 § 19 . an tan do fhásfadh lonn laoich Luighdheach ... nar bh'iontaobhtha do neach é, Keat. ii 4530. ¤trécthe to be avoided: ni hed as inntrecthi in peccad ann (viz. on Sunday), PH 7362. ¤tuctha to be brought, to be given, to be applied or ascribed: atá ní oile san ghníomh so is iontugtha dhúinn dár n-aire, TSh. 2459. an teagasg dob' ionntugtha don oide faoisidine dhó to be given to him by the confessor, Eochairsg. 84.37 . ní hiontugtha anfhlaith air the term tyrant is not to be applied to him, Keat. iii 4149. dobheirid caoga bliadhan do fhlaitheas do Ch. gidheadh ní hiontugtha dhó acht tríocha, i 84.39 . an duine do-bheir an raed is intuctha agus chonnmhas an raed nach indtuctha, is e sin an duine fial, ITS xxix 147.31 - 2 . ¤tuicthe to be understood: as na briathraibh se is iontuigthe gurab iontsamhluighthe na peacaidh ┐ na prímh-fhiabhrais ré chéile, TSh. 7888. is iontuigthe dhuitsi ... nach rabhassa ion-fheadhma ris an aimsir so a bhfuilim ag coimhéad na leapa, Maguires of F. § 56.

indles, indíles

Cite this: eDIL s.v. indles, indíles or dil.ie/28472

 

Forms: indles

adj o, ā (4 in- + díles). See 1 díles, Binchy, Críth G. p. 83. The primary meaning is not belonging, not one's absolute property: inles .i. in- fo diultad, co nāch les ē, acht la nech aile, Corm. Y 784. innles .i. ni diles [acht] fri nech ele, O'Mulc. 770. ni forbrister nach n-innles .i. nocho foirbrisi do neoch ani is innles do do breith uadha, O'D. 547 (< H 3.17, col. 436 ).

(a) not forfeit, not due, not lawfully to be paid, therefore unlawful: indiles cach iarraid tar ainme indeithbire `unlawful is every fosterage-fee beyond the avoidable blemish,' Laws ii 180.4 , glossed : ... .i. is indles in iarraidh don aite o ferfuither ainm-cneidhe ar in dalta tre indethbirius, 180.7 Comm. nach indles cor cid itir da eccond `such a contract is not unlawful even between two idiots,' iii 4.13 Comm. cia nascar a dilsi, is indles cach ngait `though its perpetuity be secured on bond, no gift of a stolen object is valid,' v 216.9 Comm. Superl. secht tobarta ata inndilsem la feine ce ro nastar for macud ┐ raith, O'Curry 348 (< H 3.18, p. 192b ). Used substantivally : cach indbass bid indles n-ūag `jeder Reichtum wird gänzliche Herrenlosigkeit sein,' Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 24 n. 5 = Ériu v 211.70 ( LL 125b14 ). ni bi eric tar on, tar ainim, tar einech n-indtlem .i. dia nderna indles don ni dobera tar cend a enigh `if he cause a non-forfeiture of that which he may give on behalf of his honour,' O'Dav. 1087.

(b) entailing liability, entailing culpability: díles ┐ indles di brúud for lár thige : díles cach rochóem, indles cach ndíchóem ; díles ór ┐ argat ┐ uma[e], indles cach (n)ombur ┐ cach sreth as chórus for lár that which is immune and that which entails culpability as a result of breaking on the floor of a house : immune is every excessively valuable thing, every ordinary thing entails liability ..., Críth G. 221 - 223 . díles ┐ indles i n-immid : díles suide ┐ ḟreslige [n-]indi ┐ cia bronntar indi co comardda[i] cinn i suidiu ; indles aní bes arddu ci[u]nn that which is immune and that which entails liability as regards a bed : sitting and reclining in it is immune though anything be broken in it as high as the head when sitting, anything higher than the head entails liability, 233 - 235 . indlis do neoch no muille he who incites him is culpable (of a dog that has been set on to do an injury), Laws v 492.7 Comm. ma rob indiles cach dib a cheile, is lan fiach o cechtar de ind if to attack either of them entailed culpability for the other, it is full fine from each, iii 238.x Comm. is slan don fir fris' nā dalann, co foeigem, ┐ indles iar foeighem `the man with whom she has made no assignation is safe till she screams, but it is illegal after screaming,' v 274.18 Comm. cislir cairdi do chuisin ... cairdi feine ┐ cairdi n-airdbidhe ┐ cairdi n-indlis ... Cairde nindlis, nechtar da lína adrorastar a crich a cheili is diles, O'Curry 804 (< H 3.18, p. 372b ) = cairde n-indlius criche, O'Curry 22 (< H 3.18, 10a ).

(c) inappropriate, improper (of the use of a word) : caide ruidhles ┐ dileas ┐ coitchind ┐ indles in focail is guta ... indles di immorro guth fotha, uair ni fota hi inti fein `what are the peculiar, proper, common, and improper of the word vowel ? ... Improper to it, however, is voice foundation, when it is not a foundation in itself,' Auraic. 380 - 384 . caite ruidhles ┐ diles ┐ coitchend, indles alta ? ... indles immorro do dialt, ar ni bi alt and `inappropriate, however, to a monosyllable for no alt joint, exists there,' 832 . innleas a tabairt for airimh n-aili acht for a seacht `improper, its application to a number other than seven' (of the word seachta, heptad), 749 . indles immorro do forbaid dib dul i llocc araili `inappropriate, however, for any accent of them to go in place of another,' 821 . coitchend indles don insci saerda .i. coitchend ara gnathugud, indles immorra ara aindilsi common owing to its being used, but a solecism owing to its inappropriateness (of artificial gender, e.g. to speak of crand as masc.), 843 . nī fordiuchtror fordūain indlis `nicht erwache ich durch ein ungehöriges Lied,' Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 24 § 1.

? To this : bé n-indlis ` non-owned woman (i.e. another man's wife who lives with a given man by her husband's permission),' Ériu xii 74.18 - 19 (see also Stud. in E. Ir. Law 65.2 ). a atitin a prim mna ocus a fine ata cach ben dib sain aicce cenmotha in be nindlis; ocus a aititin a fir ata saide `by the cognizance of his chief woman and of his tribe he has all these women except the `indlis' woman, and he has her by the consent of her husband,' Laws ii 400.26 Comm. lan do 'na prim-mnai ... i[n] ae[n]mud rand fichet do i n-a be n-indlis `full honour-price is paid to him for his chief wife ... the twenty-first part on behalf of his `bé n-indlis,' v 72.6 Comm.

Note also : innlus cach tinnscra fri deirge dligid o rechtaib commámsa, O'Dav. 540. rogellai Saúl mac Ciss | a hingin cendil n-indliss, SR 5818. ar [is] étarbae n-inderb n-indless etir cach ar ūair `unnütz, unsicher, ungewisser Besitz,' ZCP xi 85.2 . is indless cach maithius mor, LB 188 marg. sup.

léicid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. léicid or dil.ie/29766
Last Revised: 2020

 

Forms: léagar, leice, leigeadh, leagair, leagar, lig, ligfamaid, liged, reilgi, léiciud, léicci, léce

v ī leaves , etc. Later also with stem léc-, leic-, lec-, lic-. See Vendryes, Études Celt. viii 300 - 4 , Greene, Celtica iv 45 .

Stem léic- (the regular form in Old and Mid. Ir.). Later exx.: -léige, Dán Dé xii 9 (: fhéige). -léigear, ii 28 (: éigean). -léigir, xix 8 (: éidir). -léigeadh, PBocht 11a. 5 (: éigean). léig, Aithd. D. 70.4 (bhréig). Dán Dé iv 16 (: thréig).

Stem léc-: -lécob, MU² 181 . lécfat-sa, 187 . -llécfaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 454.53 . -lécustair, IT i 121.15 ( TE 7 ). léagar, Aithd. D. 30.5 (: ḟéagadh). L. Cl. A. B. 79.101 (: dtégar).

Stem -leice (: -theipe), SR (Greene) 7869 . leic-: leigeadh, DDána 74.25 (: creideamh). -leicfe, PBocht 2.25 (: eitne). -leig, 7.7 (: creid). Aithd. D. 11.3 (: leig a s. of 1 lía).

Stem lec-: leagair, Dán Dé xxiii 6 (: heagail). leagar, Aithd. D. 36.23 ; 77.12 (: eagal). 36.11 (: eagar).

Stem lic-: lig, ZCP vi 32.15 . -lig, 274.15 . RC xix 368.8 . ligfamaid, Ériu xi 190.7 . -licter, xii 24 § 30 n.4 . liged, ZCP vi 50.5 . No rhyming exx.

With ro: sg. 3 reilgi, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 31 . -reléic, LU 381 (ACC). -relic, 7750 . 1211 . -reilic, SR 4787 . -roiléig, PBocht 3.22 (: fhoighéig). -relicc, Hugh Roe² 14.28 (f. 4b) .

Vn. léiciud.

The principal meanings are (a) lets go, releases , (b) lets, allows, permits , (c) leaves (behind), allows to remain. These, together with a number of more specific meanings, are found independently (I), and also recur in a large variety of constructions in which prepositions and, to a lesser extent, prepositional phrases and adverbs either modify the meaning or define more closely the relation between the verb and its logical subject or object (II, III). Under II (as well as I) a number of constructions will be found in which the meaning is goes, betakes oneself, enters upon, begins, proceeds , with or without reflexive pronoun, and also a number in which it is throws, hurls (do-léici).

I

(a) lets go, releases : in lecfide in cimbid? would the captive be set free? Irish Texts i 11.7 . bidbu cach leices bidbudu, Laws i 12.20 . ro léic mo da láim / ro chraid mo da ṡúil has relaxed (deprived of power?), LL 18585 . de roléic . . . / Manannán . . . / Loch Ruide let loose, Metr. Dinds. iv 146.9 . Of unyoking or unleashing animals: co rucar da ech a corait ┐ leicar and and are turned loose in it, Laws iv 96.19 . scoirit a n-eochu ┐ lécit a mílchona, TBFr. 57 . ech Guill . . . / tan do léicthe ar sliab, SG 100.26 . Of emitting shouts, cries, etc.: nos-gonat gillai na n-ech . . . ┐ lecit gair impe, Ériu iii 141.196 . co ro leic guth for Adam, SR 1300 . immus naerfat anflathi .i. lécfit a n-aír, LL 188b51 . in t-en beag ro leg feid, IT iii 99 § 167 . lecat anmanda na pecdach nualla truaga toirsecha, i 192.21 ( FA 31 = ferait, LU 2242 ). leagaid iman ceann gair guil, Metr. Dinds. iii 364.111 . do léigset a ilach commaídhmi ann sin, ML² 1925 . léigid míle cnead is uch, Dánta Gr. 9.19 . Of tears, blood, etc. dia lēctis dēra fola, Bruchst. i 54 § 121 . nolēced dēra fola and dogrēs `used to shed', Ériu iii 116.15 . ar na deraib-sea legim-sea, Aen. 2921. ? lēicidh fuili draws blood, ACL iii 297 § 51 (`leaves bloody lesions', Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 107 ). leagar an cuisle `the vein must be let', O'Gr. Cat. 182.11. Note further: leagar [dá] sgoil féine an fíon `wine is poured forth for his poets', Aithd. D. 5.5 . din gai . . . roleici Lugaid `which L. cast', RC iii 179.30 . leicthi in Liath M. ┐ leth a chunga fo brágit co ndechaid i lLind Léith i Sliab Ḟuait precipitates itself, LL 14004 . lēiciss drong . . . d'athiarraidh in airgit sent, Fl. Earls 88.9 . can eiric eloid d'ic, cid elod legait `without paying `eric' for evasion, even though they evade', Laws v 184. y Comm . is elodh ro leicedh im na tri cet buaib `it was evasion that was effected', i 66.15 Comm . See also s.v. élúd.

(b) lets, allows, permits (freq. with follg. vn. clause): act nand léicci concupiscentia carnalis `only that c.c. does not allow it', Wb. 3d13 . cenid leci in metur tabairt ind anmae triuin frisan ainm n-adiacht `does not allow the substantive to be added to the adjective', Ml. 30a10 . nileic Duaid anisin, 58c6 . cenid relcset Iudei sin, Blathm. 509 . nis leceth a pater ┐ a mummi would not allow her (to go), Irish Texts i 4 § 12. raléicset na colomain allowed him (to come), Metr. Dinds. iv 50.98 . ní relic Cu Chulaind a mmarbad, LU 7750 ( BDD 131 ). ní léic Sadb aní-sein (sc. marbad Maic Con), Fianaig. 36.4 . na longa . . . na leg a loscad, Aen. 333 . nír leig a fhaisnéis `let not be told', PBocht 14.28 . dá leigeadh Dia Éire dh'uaim, Aithd. D. 22.11 . Elliptically: mac in lega leic liaig de let a physician be made of him(?), LL 18786 ( Ériu ix 49 § 30 ). With follg. clause: adeir A. nar leig Dia nach feadfaidh uile-chumhachta in Chruthuightheora athnuaidhechadh do thabhairt do chorpaibh caich, ITS xxix 184.30 . nar leigi Dia co tibradh, Smaointe B. Chr. 750.

(c) leaves, leaves behind, allows to remain : co léce gl. sinas, Ml. 103d16 . léic gl. sine, Sg. 222b4 . léicid iudicium deo `leave ye i. D. ', Wb. 6b29 . cid dia léicid cundubairt for drecht uáib de resurrectione? why are some of you (still) in doubt? Wb. 13b12 . a theglach . . . / as-bert nád léicfed dílechtu `would not leave his household as orphans', Blathm. 880 . ni léicc a chorp hi timmi `he left not his body in warmth', Thes. ii 315.7 ( Hy. ii 32 ). lécciss coilcthi, lécciss cotludh gave up (of Colm Cille), ZCP viii 198 § 17 . romlēicsea oc forairi sund, TBC-I¹ 598 . ingen cen lúad ní leicéb `I will not leave unsung', Metr. Dinds. iii 60.73 . mar leagar mé gan maitheas, IGT Verbs ex. 348 . beag feasta léagar 'nar láimh, L. Cl. A. B. 79.101 . na leig sinn for mhéla, Duan. F. ii 180 § 11 . is díleas Dia go nach léigfeadh sibh i mbuaidhreadh tar bhar n-acfuinn (qui non patietur vos tentari . . .), TSh. 9569.

In similar but more specific meanings.

(d) abandons, forsakes : cair rom leicis-se? gl. quare mé dereliquisti? Ml. 44b10 . Cf. Blathm. 289 . ro leicthea cen fortacht du thabairt doib, Ml. 90c9 . nim reilce i n-athis n-oenḟir may he not leave me in disgrace, Trip.² 1633 . m'óenurán dam ar étib / sech nís n-etaim nis léicim, LU 6217 . miscais fir dia leccar serc hatred of a man crossed in love(?), ZCP xiii 270.20 . nímreilge an Rí díanam gilla, v 497 § 12 . ná leig m'anmuin ar iocht m'ḟillse `leave not my soul at the mercy of my guile', Aithd. D. 73.14 .

(e) l.¤ a oenur lets alone, refrains from interfering with or taking part in: leic a oenur in fognam, RC xxiv 192.17 . léic, ol eat, he a oenur, co n-accamar in ticfa Ely dia thesorcuin, PH 3356 . leic [a] aenur in mignim triallai abstain from, TTebe 2129 . leic oenur na Grecu, 551 .

(f) abandons, forsakes, puts away (a wife): leccis Ailill Aulomm a bein, Anecd. iii 27.11 . bean doberar freithach ┐ leicter ar bein `who is . . . repudiated for another', Laws v 292.22 . o Faind . . . ros léci Manandan, LU 3339 ( SCC 13 ). lecfitir cech ben orut, IT i 120.28 ( TE 5 ). má ligion fear a bhean `puts away', Jeremiah iii 1.

(g) leaves over, defers, postpones : lēcidh duin ind ord annsin, RC xxvii 276 ( Moling 30 ) (duin ethical dative). an té nach dérna an aithrighi . . . achd do léig go ponge an bháis í, Mac Aingil 1532 .

Miscellaneous: [do bhronnadh] sí [an] leig lóghmhair / go leig Órlaidh í ar áirghibh O. used to give away jewels so that she left her (sc. her mother) depending on herds of cattle only(?), Aithd. D. 11.3 . ? is mó léigmid ne . . . tuille cabartha dáil ná d'ár naimdib `we stand in need of succour more than does our foe', Caithr. Thoirdh. 144.31 (seems equivalent to ro-icc les). l.¤ scís, scíth see s.vv. scís, scíth. See calléic.

II

(a) With A lets away from, releases from : nicon reilgi a hīath aidhben / cūan nō caibden dia horgoin, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 31 . leigid Niall...Fiachra a gemil annsin, RC xxiv 182.18 . Of blood: rolecestar sruth . . . fala . . . asna crechtaib sin, TTebe 638 . do leig mé fuil as cuisleannaibh, 23 K 42, 121.10 . With 3 s. n. as quasi-adverb: lēcair-sium ass ┐ fonascar fair can tudecht forsin slōg he is allowed to depart, TBC-I¹ 1476. ionnus nach leigfiodh duine iná ōinmhide as dībh gan tuitim lana shlóite, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 25. 18 . ar mhodh nār léigeadar as dona trí mīle did not allow them to escape, 38.1 . Of a fire: connudh nach leigeann í as `the firewood keeping it alight', Magauran 4019 . In phr. léic as give up, desist : ale leic ass, a Ḟerguis, . . . na bris dúin cairptiu ar túath, TBC-LL¹ 764 . leig as, ar M., Ériu xi 191.16 . leig as a dhaltain, ZCP x 281.8 . leiccem ass imrum ar curaigh let us leave off rowing, Snedg. u. Mac R 9 § 7.

(b) With AR (in some cases for earlier FOR): ru léiced Hériu ar raind Amairgin was consigned to, MU² 2 . lēc aire, a chaillech, lēc aire continue, carry on, Fing. R. 880 . lécsit lúth co ṅáni / ar bithaittrib rígi they exchanged power . . . for eternal life . . . , Fél. Oct. 8. ? alleith naill . . . / roleici an (leg. ar?) chaillecha, AU i 208.11 . ar cairde ná leig do lón do not postpone, PBocht 7.7 . cid nam-leig-sea ort, a eich?, TTebe 3494 . . . . go dtiocfa . . . / Goill dá léigthear oruinn iad if they be loosed against us(?), Aithd. D. 24.5 . legis ar lar an bradan laid down the salmon, Ériu xi 199.35 . in baile i llécfaid ar lár / dond airiuch where ye shall unload the packhorse, Metr. Dinds. iii 454.53 . léig ar lár do ṡoitheach, Gen. xxiv 14 . mar bhláth na ccraobh léigthior lé fearthuinn ar lár, Párl. na mB. 1645 . Of kneeling: lēigis Eōin ē ar a glūinibh John sank to his knees, ZCP viii 562 § 13 . do lēic ech in rīgh ar a glūinibh hī, xiii 182.30 . co lecfedh se (sc. an nēll) ar ferthain moír ass sin co hespart e would begin to rain heavily, BCC 270.37 (§ 266) . do leigsiad iad féin ar trosgadh ┐ ar urnuighthe, Eochairsg. 80.36 .

(c) With CEN: ní liged sin gan díghailt I shall not allow that to go unpunished, ZCP vi 50.5 . leigim mo dheachmhadh gan díol, Aithd. D. 69.8 . do leigfedh lucht eissíodha / craobh chnuais gan bhéin would leave untouched, L. Cl. A. B. 106.138 .

(d) With co allows to go to etc.: in legi mu dhalta cugam, a clerigh?, Ériu xi 201.28 . ni relccitt anonn chuca acht uathadh daoine, Hugh Roe² 8.29 (fo. 2b) . ni leceb-sa miciunus cucaib `I shall leave you in no turmoil', BCC 424.29 (§ 375) . do léig sí a buidhedhlaoi go féar anuas, Hackett ix 5 . In spiritual sense: do leig a aithne chuca, Smaointe B. Chr. 5219 (seipsum eis revelat). tré loighead na ngrás léigios Dia chuca bestows on them, Mac Aingil 769 . In sense of do-léici: ro lēcus-[s]a gaī n-aill cucut-su I hurled, Sc.M² 13 . léicidh co Cet dara bruinde dó (a dead warrior's head), 16 R . lēicit daoine rompa gusin Róimh send . . . to R., Fl. Earls 168.4 . Note further: a n-aghaidh na muintire leigios a bhfiacha go purgodóir defer, Mac Aingil 7087 . lēigmīd-ne a lenmuin na fer / co himlib oirrt[h]ir Laigen we set off, ML² 2075. With personal form referring to subject of vb. feigns: ro lécustair sláetan trommgalair chuci he feigned illness, IT i 121.15 ( TE 7 ). do leicc si galar chuice, BNnÉ 118 § 34 . do leig teinneas mar badh eadh chuige ┐ diarr bainne, ITS xvi 118.3 .

(e) With DI. With personal forms referring to subject of vb. and obj. in accus. (lit. x releases y from him) desists from, abstains from, leaves off, etc.: leigmít dhín labhairt ar na hoibrighthibh selaithe, Leb. Gab.(i) 2.3 . crét fár fágbais t'foraire / . . . / fár léigis díot do choimét, SG 260.11 . léigidh dhíbh bhur ndoghuilsi, L. Cl. A. B. 152.50 . anti do leig rigacht Erind de, BCC 2.11 (§ 1) . don druing léigeas díobh gan udhacht an mhairbh do choimhlíonadh who omit to fulfil, TSh. 5204. In more literal sense: ni leigfid maithi na treb Tiabanda misi dib `will not let me away at all', TTebe 844 . Also with prep. governing predicate or complement: aon do laithibh dar leig soin / do shíoladh creidimh a ccathraigh, Irish Texts i 40 § 27 . dar bhfaire ní leagar leis `he ceases not to watch over us', Aithd. D. 75.4 . léig dod chomhrádh stop your talk, Dánta Gr. 39.5 . léigfead do bhaosraidh na hóige, Hackett xxvi 4 . In literal sense of unleashing a dog: lēicthir de, TBC-I¹ 513 . ro léicsed da conaib, RC xiii 46 § 30. Note also: suil ligther d'arm lámh Logha before the hand of Lugh is loosed from (his) weapon(?), L. Cl. A. B. 97.103 . na leic mesi don croich-sin `let me not (be taken) from the cross', PH 2471.

(f) With DO leaves to or for, hands over to, entrusts to: léicfidir dúib in brithemnact sin, Wb. 6b30 . is samlid léicfimmi-ni doibsom aisndis dint sens `we shall leave to them the exposition of the sense', Ml. 14d10 . flaithem nime . . . / nád lēic suum prophetam / ulli leonum ori, Thes. ii 303.5 ( Hy. i 32 ). do ḟuaid Eua a leth, nir bu glan, / roleic in leth n-aill d'Adam, SR 1288 . atbertsat . . . co leicfitis dó in curadmir, LU 9023 ( FB 77 ). nach lecedh ach[t]run bidh ┐ mugsaini da rechtairib, Laws v 74.17 Comm . not guidim . . . coro léci dam oen uair i n-ernaigthe, PH 1408 . leagar dháibh rogha ┐ roinn the division and the choice is left to them(?), Magauran 1082 . do léigeadh dhó . . . an cóigeadh the Fifth was assigned to him, Content. xxx 7 . lēigidh dam-sa ē, ar Goll leave him to me, ML² 1509.

Allows, permits (to do, have, etc.): ní relic dia doib orcuin nDuaid, Ml. 23b4 . leig dam tiachtain fon cundrad `let me impugn the contract', Laws v 508.16 Comm . is me . . . nar léc dó th'enech do milliud, IT i 128.2 ( TE 13 ). co lēiciur siliud dom ṡūilib, ACL iii 243 § 31 . mane léice-su dam-sa indlat duit, PH 5254 . léigeadh sileadh do dhéaraibh an doilgheasa, TSh. 201 . da-oṅg-sa mo bréthir . . . na lécob d'Ultaib cen taidecht lim innocht I shall insist that the U. come with me, MU² 181 . legar aighideacht duin isin port i tangumar `let hospitality be granted us', Aen. 335 . na leic foirb na fearandus do inti `do not allow him to have heritage or landed property therein', TTebe 634 . lēicidh cairde trī lā . . . dam-sa, ACL iii 309.8 . lecid fuirech bicc dam `allow respite brief to me', MacCarthy 58.13 . níor leig sé fos na comhnuidhe dhó go maidin, Ériu v 100.26 . léic cotlud d'ḟeraib hErend, TBC-LL¹ 1755. Appar. in slightly difft. sense in: leig-se dhúinne ad thegasg let us alone with thy teaching, Ériu i 18.42 . léc dun . . . coro díglum h'ancride-siu leave us alone (permit us?), PH 2218 . leic dam co ro marbar anti rom-gonaid `let me slay', TTebe 3797 . léig dhó anois `suffer it to be so now', Matthew iii 15 . lēic don churp bīs ina lāim defer to (of the respect due to a cleric), ACL iii 222 § 4.

Allows (to go) to: ced ara reilcis in fer . . . do éccaib?, Trip.² 162 . in lucht bui co serb domenmnach . . . lecar co foelid somenmnach dia tigib iat, PH 408 . ní mó ro leiccsiot fér nó arbhar dia saighidh anonn (i.e. to a surrounded army), AFM vi 2030.17 .

Miscellaneous: nachatlēic dam la neim lāidhe luinde lūaithe do not come to me(?), ACL iii 295 § 27 . ro léic seirc dó . . . / ard-ben a athar `cast her love (on)', Metr. Dinds. iv 62.71 . tinolsit . . . lucht na cathrach uli ┐ lécset cathugud don béist gave battle to, PH 7228 . do lig si galair ... brēgi da hinnsuigi feigned, ZCP vi 274.14 . rolig a coin(n) dó set his dog upon it, 78.21 . leic tú fein ar tús do chum cos nglormhar daenachta Chriosd throw thyself at the feet of, ITS xxix 215.16 . nar léicce Muire duinne . . . go mbiadh gadaighecht ar ar siubhal may Mary protect us from theft, BNnÉ 55 § 59 .

(g) With ETER: luid Mac Dathó immach ┐ in cú inna láim, co rrailced etorro dús cīa díb do-ngegad the dog . . . was set free between them to see which it would choose, Sc.M² 19. Usually leaves (someth. to be settled) between (without outside interference): leic-siu etruind féin innar n-Ultaib, co fessara cia úain bas chalmiu, TFerbe 217 . léic eadram ┐ Fianna Eirenn leave F. E. to me, Acall. 3565 . lig edrum-sa ┐ in cath sel ele leave the battle to me, ZCP vi 68.13 . leig idir mhac's a mháthair `let the Son and His mother settle it between them', Aithd. D. 68.37 . ná leig eadrainn ┐ inn `do not leave me to my own devices(?)', Dán Dé xxii 17 .

(h) With FO: dobertis da boc leu . . . ┐ no leicthe indala n-ái fon díthrub was set free in the wilderness, Tur. 110c . gipne findruine for a etan nád leced a folt fúa agid kept his hair back from his face, IT i 311.2 . Hands over to, looses among, sends against , etc.: naoi ttuatha re ccertughadh / leigis ri Muman futha handed over to them, LL 396.12 . lecidh in ri na griba futhaibh (i.e. on bird-flocks), Marco P. 91. aithinne dubh in gach deghláim / léicis Mlaise a anáil . . . / fúithib breathed on them, SG 27.33 . do ligeadh frais pilēr fon mboile was fired at, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 25.3 . a lucht do marb in ngéig ngil / is do léig fá a narm a fuil stained their weapons with his blood, O'Gr. Cat. 361.13 . do léigidar sirtha lethna . . . fana críchaibh, Comp. CC 80.7 . do lecthí . . . fa cuiced C. . . . faghla, Irish Texts ii 28 § 21. Of kneeling: roleicc Sir Boós a gluine faí knelt down, D IV 2, 78 ra2 . léigcitt a ngluine fútha, Maund. 77 . l.¤ fo lár sets aside, abandons, neglects , etc.: ro léig fo lár a ḟoghuil ┐ a dībeirg, Fianaig. 76.8 . fa lár do leigeadh a chíos His tribute has been neglected, Dán Dé xxiii 5 . is follus gur léig fa lár / oircheas do ḟéadfadh do rádh `left unsaid', Content. xiv 7 . gur leigeadar fa lár an churum bhudh cóir dhoibh do dhenamh, Carswell 5.12 . Note also: do lēig fā chathaib Cuinn hē d'iarraidh C[h]uinn he made for C.'s battalions, ML² 367. do leigset futha da nár ┐ da noirrlech, L. Chl. S. 13.

(i) With FOR. Hurls at: ro lēcis gaī form-sa co rrabae asmo scíath, Sc.M² 11 . légid Cu Chulaind in ngae fair, LU 5766 ( TBC-I¹ 1295 ). With reflexive pron. feib ras léic seig far mintu as a hawk attacks small birds, LL 12300 . nod lēice tra īar sin for gabāil a hēcnarca began to, KMMisc. 210 § 4. With ellipse of pron.: sets to, sets about: lécfat-sa fair I shall set about it, MU² 187 . dorraíga in cú Ulto ┐ ro-lēci for ár Connacht set about, Sc.M² 19. lecait na Felistina for teiched, LB 129b7. 1 . x for (ar) y lays x to the charge of y, lets y answer for x: léic foraindi ┐ for ar maccu i n-ar ṅdiaid a fuil, PH 2947 . olc tra an iarmairt ro lécsit Iúdaide forru fen, 3286 . cia na lēici fort aicned | condaāera though you do not accuse yourself of satirizing them(?). ACL iii 295 § 19 . In phr. léicid guth/gairm for calls out to: coro léic guth for Ādam 'and she gave a cry to Adam', SR (Adam and Eve) 42.1300​ . go relic gairm ... for mac Sairb 'she called out ... to the son of Sarvia', SR (Greene) 6965 . raleig gairm ard ... ara síair, TTebe 4317 .

With pers. form ref. to subj. of vb. feigns: leicid-sium galur forro, arna tisdais leis pretended they were ill, RC xv 321 ( Dinds. 22 ). reléicset Gréic teiched forru pretended flight, LL 244b11 ( TTr. 2062 ). ro leic eslainte ┐ anḟaindi furri, BB 237a21 . Note also: leiccmitne fen forn . . . conadh treisi don toictiu inas duin we admit, CCath. 4071.

(j) With FRI. With reflex. pron. gives oneself over to: erig a gérait Ulad / . . . nit leci re rochotlud, LU 3595 ( SCC 30 ). ros-lecset fri bron ┐ dubha `yielded themselves to grief and gloom', CCath. 1070 . ro leicset re hol ┐ re haibnius iad, TTebe 1885 . Note further: a ri sen / nacham-reilce-sa rem thail do not abandon me to my will, Lib. Hymn. i 17.60 . l.¤ taeb fri entrusts to, puts trust in: ná léigear taobh re Dia dhún let me not be left to God's judgment, Dán Dé ii 28 . lēigim taobh riot mh'uile dhōchas, Parrth. Anma 3993 . Reveals to: ro lig Fer lí comairli in ḟill re hĒmer, Fianaig. 70.13 . an licfidhter fri C. an comrād so?, ZCP xiii 169.25 . nis relic fri haon uaidibh inro baoi ina menmain, Hugh Roe² 292.25 (fo. 73a) . l.¤ fri lár lays down, lets fall, lowers : ro leceastair a chorp . . . co haimneartach . . . re lar, TTebe 325 . . . . mac Néil co mmathius / nar léic a ḟlathius re lár did not allow to diminish, LL 17310 . ro leigsedar a ferga re (ar, v.l.) lar they laid their wrath aside, TTebe 2177 . gur léig soin re criaidh a chneas `till he fell prostrate to earth', Aithd. D. 3.24 . Of kneeling: léicidh bar nglúine re lár, SG 23.3 . lecit uile a ngluine ┐ a cinn fria huir prostrate themselves, Marco P. 85 . do leig ris in coroin ┐ taisi na naem he knelt to the crown, RC xix 376.8 .

(k) With I. Allows to enter : ni licter fair i tech druith na dasachtaig `there are not admitted into the house to him fools nor lunatics', BCrólige 30 gl. 4 . nís relic isin les cuci, LU 1211. ní rolēigcitt indti co mattain `they were not let in till morning', BColm. 78.2 . ro oslaicset in dorus . . . ┐ roléicset [a cocéliu] chuca isin cathraig, TTr.² 1839 . ní léigthí an rí féin i gcath, Keat. ii 5575. Of sin, temptation: nīm-reilce i cair cenna, ZCP vi 260 § 12 . nir lecea sind i n-amus ndofulachtai (et ne nos inducas in tentationem), PH 7826.

Various: a Sbiorad Dé . . . corp Moire rod léig n-a lár / mar théid tré chlár ngloine an ghrian, Dán Dé xxvi 23 . ? do léig 'n-ar n-ucht a aithne `he has turned his knowledge against me' ( Ir. Monthly 1929, 42 ), DDána 104.8 . rí nar lean don chreideamh chóir / ní leigeadh seadh i seanmóir paid no attention to(?), 74.25 . leagar mhisi ┐ Donn Cuan a comhairli `let . . . have a conference', Caithr. CC 43 . cumha i gceann chumhadh eile / cumhan leam go leigfeidhe `I remember that any new sorrow would be piled on already existing sorrow', Aithd. D. 23.16 . With refl. pron. goes into, precipitates oneself into: do leigeadur na Sasanaigh [i] raon madhma iad tar a n-ais, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 7.13 . lēigit amach . . . sa ffairgi iad, Fl. Earls 8.13 . With ellipse of pron.: imthusa na nGall . . . ro leiccset hi ccend tséda . . . go rangattar dia ttighibh, AFM vi 2134.4 . do leiccet i ndeadhaidh uí Dhomhnaill set out in pursuit of O'D., 2206.21 .

l.¤ x i n-agaid y lets x stand as compensation for y, sets x off against y: daradad eraic a athar do G. . . . ┐ ro lecthea in dias aile a n-agaid enigh C. (the deaths of) the other two were set off against (the offence to) C.s' honour, RC xxiv 278.1 . ní liom nach aidhleasg éirghe / i n-ionam na hIairmhéirghe / léig uam i n-a aghaidh sin / gach adhaigh uar dar éirigh, Dán Dé iv 15 . ar fhalaigh dar méid meanma / léig i n-aghaidh m'oileamhna (i.e. set off against my fostering by him the discouragement his death has caused me), Aithd. D. 6.23 . l.¤ i n-aiscid lets go to waste : ná léig fuil Chríosd i n-aisgidh 'do not let Christ's blood go to waste', Ériu lxiii 58 § 38 . Similarly: ar thréig d'fhíon ar an uisge / léig a ndíol an dearmaid-se set against this forgetting (on my part) all the wine he gave up for water, Dán Dé iv 16 . l.¤ i faill neglects, abandons, overlooks : ro leic caillecha ha faill, AU i 208.14 (A.D. 747). dia mbat an[a]mchara neich . . . / nīsreilce hi foill, ACL iii 318 § 65 . ná léigidh sgiathlúireach na deaghuídhe a bhfaillíth, Párl. na mB. 792 . Similarly, l.¤ faill (faíllige) i: faill 'na einech ní lēigenn, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 32 . go leigfid cách faillighe ina ccreideamh . . . , BNnÉ 14 l. 2 of notes . See 1 faill, faillige. léicid x i lleth y commits x to y, charges y with x: lecsiu . . . ildeth nde mess for a menmainsom `leave it to God to judge the mind of such', Mon. Tall. 148.11 . an Coimdhe i n-ar leith do leig / a oighre do bheith i mbroid `the Lord charges us with His Son's captivity', Dán Dé xxiii 9 . luach a chneadh d'íoc nach eagal / ar ndíon 'n-a leith ná leigeadh, DDána 48.8 .

(l) With IMM: mus lēc fer dīb aigen lāin grīscha moa sūili threw into his eyes, Fing. R. 988 . ro leig a ucht ┐ a urbruindi 'ma claidim . . . co fuair bas, TTebe 4032 . ro leig [Iochasta] co comthrom 'man claidim sin hí, 4577 . cid troscud do legdis ima fiachuibh cuir ┐ cunnurrtha, Laws ii 94.6 Comm . do fhreagra um lár dá léiginn `if I left your answer unchallenged', Content. ix 22.

(m) With LA. Lets go with: srēithi in n-id . . . isin n-abaind, ┐ lēicthe la sruth let it go with the stream, TBC-I¹ 631 . leicis in colaind lasin sruth, TBC-LL¹ 1311 . Camsón ro léic luing cen lúaig / lé dar tuind sáili, Metr. Dinds. i 10.55 . lécfet-sa bendacht let I shall send a blessing with thee, BCC 234.22 . nocha leigfe lais achd lucht a leanamhna, Aithd. D. 55.9 .

In fig. senses concedes to, allows to have, grants to, etc.: leic leis a somaine `permit him to have his wealth', Laws v 498.21 Comm . móide an ní do léigeadh leis, Aithd. D. 31.5 . gach breath dá n-iarr lé go leigthir `she gets all she asks', PBocht 4.2 . ré triall a staid na beatha so nach léigeann leis acht an eisléine grants him only a shroud, TSh. 9950 . nach leicfimisni Ceallachan leo gan cath do thabhairt doibh `we would not let C. be taken away by them', Caithr. CC 63. With srían etc.: níor loc mé mian mo theangadh; / a srian lé do léigeamar gave it free rein, DDána 88.6 . ceann m'aradhna ná léig lim, IGT Decl. ex. 311 . do ghreim-se gé leagar liom `though thy hand is loose upon me', Dán Dé xxiii 18 . Hence (somet. without specific object) forgives, indulges, remits : [an] mhéad leagair leam gach laoi, Dán Dé xxiii 6 . ní hé nach léigthior leam it is not that (sin) that is not forgiven me, iii 16 . léig a bhéalchorcra bharrghlain / anuabhar let ollamhnaibh, DDána 84.15 . a Athair, leic so leo, oir ni fheadadar cread do nid siad, ITS xxix 169.6 . ni fada do leicc Dia . . . sin re Sean `not long did God let that go unpunished with John', ALC ii 454.8 . Reveals to: anti le leigi é (viz. rún), Ériu v 128.32 . do léig le Fachtna . . . an bharamhuil sin, ITS v 6.16 . Cf. an uair leigmíd ár mbrollach ┐ ár ccíocha leis, Párl. na mB. 561 .

(n) With ó. Always with pers. forms ref. to subj. of vb. lets go, releases, gives up, abandons. Often with more positive sense of dismisses, puts away, sends, throws . Of persons: leicsi huad `he let him go', Ml. 52 . ralleic huaid cen frithorcuin do gl. dimissit eum, 53b6 . lecid uaib mo muinntir cen nech díb do ergabail, PH 3109 . co lēigedh sē a allmaraigh uadha so that he might dismiss, ML² 972 . leig uait misi d'indsaigi na Teibi, TTebe 1024 . Of things allows to be taken away, relinquishes, abandons : ni léicfemni uaind hé (sc. in curadmír), LU 8554 ( FB 41 ). mana leicid an rigidh uadhaib `if they do not surrender the sovreignty', Laws v 302.16 Comm . asberatsomh . . . nachas relcctís [in fíon] uadaibh for tír, Hugh Roe² 8.11 (fo. 2b) . adubhairt in ní tárraid ní leicfedh uadha, TTebe 831 . nír leig Niall uaidh an t-acra `never did N. forgo any acre of this land', Aithd. D. 21.4 . cidh dia leci uait coir na gaethi? why miss a fair wind? Aen. 879 . gur léig a chluasa uaidh i lámhaibh an duine (of a bear seized by the ears), TSh. 7427. Of actions, etc. desists, leaves off: nach léic úad a olc bunaid (of the body), ACL iii 216 § 7 . léigidh sin uaibh quit that, Fier. 121 . in duine léicess uad arsaidecht a thol collaide, PH 4619. rolecset uadib fógnum ┐ miltnidecht do demun, RC ii 386.17 . Note also: lēic uait, or is anfis dō let be, for he does not know, Ériu viii 157.8 . In positive sense: léic úait inna biada mílsi `cast from thee,' Wb. 6c7 . leic uait do spiorat fein send forth, ITS xxix 162.14 . leig uait do ben phosta ┐ len misi put away thy wife, Smaointe B. Chr. 1593 . do léig se úadha Fionnsgoth ┐ do phós se Mairgréd put away, Rel. Celt. ii 174.1 . ra léic [in corthe] úad ra talmain flung down, MU² 649 . tugad a láimh Eóin in t-ór ┐ do lig uadha he fon aigen, Lib. Flav. i 33 va32 . na leic aen bhreithir uait gan coimhlínadh, ITS xxix 197.29 .

(o) With SECH (usually quasi-adverbial 3 s. n. sechae) allows to pass . Of missiles: tolléci gecán díb fair, leicthe Loegaire secha evades it, LU 9065 (FB). léicis secha leth (a stone), Comp. CC 121.18 . nís relccsetar seacha sein let them go no further, AFM ii 746.7 . nichat-léicfider sech láim thou shalt not be laid aside (a sword), RC xx 12 § 21. In more abstr. meanings: ní léigfe an bás . . . an leanbb seacha ná an seanóir will spare neither . . . , Dán Dé v 8 . ar leigeadh go so seacha / do ríoghaibh gan inchreachadh, Content. xvi 196 . focal seachad san slighidh / féchthar libh nár léig tusa see that thou dost not forget, L. Cl. A. B. 65.11 . léic sechad sin never mind that, Comp. CC 81.17 .

(p) With TAR: long Naoi ó gach linn do lionn / . . . / níor léig braon tuile tairsibh let no drop reach them, DDána 107.21 . Usually with personal form ref. to subj. of vb.: lēig thort do thoirse give up, O'Gr. Cat. 404.10 . ro léigedar sin thársa go maidin `they let the matter stand over', RC xxix 220.9 . leagar thort do thoil `deny thy evil desires', PBocht 5.43 . far léig mé toram dod thoil / a Dhé what I omitted to perform, Dán Dé ix 8 . nír léicc se ní thairis d'aithentaibh Dé neglected nothing, BNnÉ 123 § 70 . leig thort nō sméid ar gach cam do-chír disregard, Hackett i 5 .

Refrains from (citing, etc.) : ligfamaid torainn an laidh ann so we shall not quote the lay here, Ériu xi 190.7 . ni leigim thoram an bhegansa do cur sios `I do not omit', Rel. Celt. ii 188.16 . leigim sin toram (of a catalogue of sins), Mac Aingil 2345 .

(q) With TRE: do leig 'na raon ró-reatha tríd na slóightibh é `he launched himself', ITS i 64.21 . Strains, makes percolate : brister ┐ berbtar ar im . . . ┐ lecar trí édach `strain through a cloth', O'Gr. Cat. 184.32 . curtur bainne almont trit, ┐ leagar tri edach é, Rosa Angl. 96.7 .

III With advv. and prep. phrases: in lece orumsa in cimmid út amach? (dimitte mihi vinctum), Lat. Lives 80.11 . lec Barabás dún amach release, PH 2813 . do leig amach rí Eirionn, Duan. F. ii 358 § 82 . innus nach leagur do a anal do legin amach, Smaointe B. Chr. 3928 . nu-s-léic soigit i ndiaid in toirb shot an arrow after the bull, PH 7184. nocht leaga[i]r gach nech a-nund (sc. to the next world), ACL iii 236 § 5 . a litir léigim anonn, Studies 1918, 454 § 18 . léig Giolla na náomh anunn, IGT Introd. 30.34 . nach in lecar siar tiagam sair let us not go westwards, AU 914 (i 430.6) . leigid airgne síar is soir / fo sliabh Colláin, Duan. F. ii 22.11 . ro lecset ingcorum sis they anchored, IT i 39.12 . léigthear suas beoil na bruighne `the portcullis of the castle is raised', Aithd. D. 3.19 .

Manannán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Manannán or dil.ie/31520

 

Forms: Manannán

o, npr. m. name of the Irish sea-god , for whom see Imr. Brain i 292 , ii 16 , RC xxxiv 6 fg . Manandan mac Lir, Corm. Y 896. SCC 13. Manannán, SCC 45. oc fégad Manandán, ib. de nomine Manannan, Corm. Y 896 . For later versions of legend see Corm. Y 896 and Cóir Anm. 156 , where his real name is said to have been Oirbsiu or Oirbsen. Oirbsen ainm díleas Mhanannáin, Keat. i 224. Manannán mac Allóid (one of the Tuatha D.D.), 216 . As epithet of a sea-hero: Manannán maicne Míleadh (of Ír), Content. xxx 5. See also Thurneysen Heldensage pp. 516 , 517 .

mes(s)ar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mes(s)ar or dil.ie/32040

 

Forms: mesair, mesra, measair, measar, measracha, Mesra, mesrai

n f. (< Lat. mensura) Mid.Ir. also mesair (g s. mesra): measair (gutt. st.), IGT Decl. § 185.

(a) measure, measurement, limit: in mesar (gl. modus), Ml. 32d3 . conroib m.¤ forsin digail (gl. me[n]surae), 22c12 . cia de is mo messar . . . aer . . . nó in talam? which is greater in extent, SR 7925. iar mesraib, 44 . cen meid mesra, LL 5b11 = gan med measra without scale of measure, Leb. Gab.(i) i 58.10 . nar lintar cen mesair without measure, immoderately, ZCP vi 259 § 7 . craos cin mesur, Aisl. Tond. 102 § 3. ni raibe modh no mesair for-ar marbad ann, CCath. 5761 (= perdidit modum caedes, Luc. Phars. vii 532 ). cia rot-lessaig Midir . . . for messair macc [na] ríg after the manner (standard) of sons of kings, Ériu vii 225.2 . is lēcti i mmessair nDé he must be left to the judgement of God, 166 § 5 (intended for mess?). ite measra adgella a cumung do cach, Laws iv 36.5 (`these are the limitations which his capacity secures to every one', Plummer MS. notes).

(b) a measure, specified quantity: messair dílmain, Tec. Corm. § 3.39 (measar v.l.), glossed .i. tomhas díleas , O'Cl. s.v. measair. mesar a bargine ┐ medc-usci, Ériu vii 140 § 6. messar lenna, BColm. 96.30 . messair méiti mo choidhin [leg. -en] the full of my cup, Anecd. i 73 § 212. dā mesair deac (of milk), Fél. 202.34 .

(c) a vessel used as a measure: phiala [.i.] messar, O'Mulc. 223 (fio lamessar MS.). mælscolb do measaír, IT iii 102 § 189 = Bruchst. i § 86 . dā ibaind dig do uachtur mesrach, ZCP iii 35.14 . measar (-air, pl. measracha) `a piggin ', Dinneen .

(d) in prosody a measure, metre: n p. Mesra [mesrai v.l.] maic Sencadha, Anecd. ii 53.7 .

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