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adbal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adbal or dil.ie/336

 

Forms: aidbli, adbol, adbul, adhbhuil

adj o, ā, pl. aidbli, see GOI § 353 . Also spelt adbol, adbul. great, mighty, vast: ind fíróg . . . co norddan adbil (adbail, adhbhuil v. ll.) `with vast dignity', Thes. ii 326.1 (Hy. iv). it aidbli fíad scoraib / rígrad Christ . . . `they are grand', Fél. Prol. 81 . is adbul a cobair `vast is their aid', July 28 . is adbul a pian, LU 2172 ( FA § 25 ). is adbul . . . ┐ is dírim failte muintire nime, 2124 ( ib § 19 ). is adbul . . . ┐ is ingnad fria innisin sudigud inna catrach, 2074 (ib. § 15 ). adbul físi armothá .i. mor int aslingi atchondarc, LL 280a10 ( IT i 162.5 ). adhbal rea n-innisi, ZCP viii 204.26 . rí nime . . . ┐ rí adbul ifirn `mighty', Ériu iii 143 § 3 . brōen fīona fīradbail (epithet of a saint), ACL iii 219 § 1 . talam-chumscugud abdul ingnath, PH 36 . gotha aidhble enlait[h]e, Anecd. ii 24 § 9 . ro-nuall . . . o shésselbi ádbuil, PH 471 . buidhni sil Adhaim adbail `the hosts of Adam's vast seed', Ériu iii 29 § 3 . na piana ai[d]bli ili `the many vast pains', § 2. na domenman áidhbli fil for P., TTr.² 240 . tri locha aidhbli ammais, Leb. Gab.(i) 64.1 . cosin mBóind m-bánadbail, LL 1025 . bretha.¤ wondrous in judgement, IT iii 57.1 . a Murias, maoin adhbhal oll, / coire an Daghdha . . ., Keat. i 210. y .

Equative: aidblithir leó bid torandchleas, BDD² 511 . fo nimib ni rabe bed mac nAine aidblithir one as powerful as the son of A., Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 23 § 1 ( LL 311b17 ).

Compar.: nibo aidbliu leó bith óenadaig they thought it no longer than one night, LU 11049 . cid adbal in taitnem . . . is aidbliu . . . ind etrochta, 2002 ( FA § 7 ). tanic buiden aile . . . is aidblium (leg. aidbliu) tricha cet, TBC-I¹ 3168 . rucsat forra . . . lín budh aidhbhle ináit féin i.e. in greater force ALC i. 236.17 . nochar tinolad . . . riam sluag bad adbli . . . innas, Ann. Conn. 1256.5 . bá haidhblit(h)i in ítu the thirst was the greater CCath. 2518 . cúis dóláis . . . fá haidhbhle inás ar imthigh air gó sin, Desid. 3420 .

Adv. ind adbol gl. ecastor, Sg. 217b5 . domol se co hadbul in t-athair nemdha, ZCP vi 288.13 .

Compds.: Frequ. in Laws Comm. to form etymological glosses on words compounded with the prefix do-(di-), this, presumably, being mistaken for the intensive prefix 2 dí-, e.g. do-ciallathar .i. adbul-dicheltir, Laws v 452.26 . For further exx. see Laws Gloss. With adjj. ¤-bocht: ba hadbulbocht, SR 7412 . ¤-línmar. Compar. sluagh . . . bad adballinmure, Ann. Conn. 1256.5 . ¤-maith: mathi nach adbolmaith glossing boni non ualde, RC iv 250 § 17 . ¤-mór: an t-áonduine adhbhalmhór, RC xxix 114 § 10 . tnúth adhbhal-mhór, ML 70.30 . ar bhuidhnibh ádhbhalmhóra, Desid. 3968 . ¤-trén: fer . . . adhbultren, CCath. 327 . With subst. ¤-chúis: do badur adbal-chuisi eli ic C., MR 110.6 . With vbs. ¤-baíthigid is very foolish: adbolbaithigim gl. effutio, Sg. 56b6 . ¤-básaigid: gur adhbal basaigh Dia íatt, Leb. Gab.(i) 160. n. 11 . ¤-báthaid: gur hadbalbathadh nó basaigheadh (gl. gor diobadh), Leb. Gab.(i) 96 n.7 . ¤-scriosaid: uair . . . ro hádhbhailsccriosadh a haitt-, reabha, AFM v 1720.13 . Vn. ag adhbalsccrios Gearaltach, 1734.10 .

See aidbéil.

as-beir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. as-beir or dil.ie/4383
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: adeir, adubart, adebart, adébart, adobart, adóbart, -dubart, -ebert, -ebart, -ébart, -debart, -débart, -óbart, -dobart, -dóbart, adubart, adobart, adóbart, adébart, asbiur, -epiur, -epur, asbirsiu, asṁbirsiu, asbir, -apir, -epir, asbeir, asṁber, assidbeir, adbeir, atbeir, -epir, -epeir, -eiper, -eper, asberam, -eprem, asberid, asndonberat, asberar, asberr, asmberr, asber, -eperr, -aiperr, asbertar, -epertar, asrobair, asrobar, atrobair, asberinse, asberinn, asbered, asberad, atbeirmis, asbertis, asbeirtis, asberthe, asṅdanbertheni, epred, eprid, asber, -eper, asbere, asbera(su), asbera, atbera, asmberamni, asberaid, asberat, -epret, asberthar, -epert[h]ar, -erbora, -ǽrbara, -erbara, -érbarid, -érbarat, -ērbrat, asrobarthar, -érbarthar, asberin, asberinn, asbertha, -epertha, asberad, atberad, -epred, -epreid, -aipred, asbermis, -epertais, asberthe, asberthae, -eperthe, -erbartha, -erparta, asindrobrad, -ærbarad, -erbarad, asndarobartis, asbǽr, asbéer, asbér, -épéer, -epér, -eper, asbéra, asbéram, asbérat, asbérthar, asbertar, -erbǽra, -eperth, asbert, asmbert, -epert, asindbertatar, -epertatár, asbreth, asruburt, asidruburt, asidrubart, -ǽrburt, -erbort, asrubart, autrubert, asrubartmar, asrubartmmar, adrubartmar, arrubartait, asrubartatar, asinrubartat, -ærb[art]atar, asrobrad, asrobrath, -erbrad, -érbrath, -érbrad, atbiur, adbirsa, atberim, atiur, natiur-sa, tiur-sa, attear, atderim-sea, aderim, adearaim, adirim, -apur, -abbair, -apraim, -abraim, -dirim, at-beire, atberi, at-biri, natbere, ateri, adere, aderi, adir, -abbrai, -abra, atbeir, itbeir, atber, atbir, adbeir, adeir, ader, -abair, -abrann, atberam-ni, adearam, adireim-ne, adermait, idermaidne, adeirmíd, adearmuid, adirmid, -abramait, atberid, atberthe, atberthai-si, atberthi, itirid-si, -aparthi, -aparthai, -abraid, -aburth, atberat, adberuid, atberait, aderait, aderaid, adeirit, adeirid, -abraid, atberar, atberair, aderar, aderair, iderar, dearair, adirthir, adirthear, adeirthear, deirthear, -eperar, -ebarar, -apar, -abar, -aburar, -abairthear, -abarthar, atbered, adbered, atdeired, a-deireadh, conaprad, adeirdis, atberthea, adberta, atberte, aderthai, n-aburti, apursiu, apair, abbair, abair, aprad, abradh, apraid, abraid, aprit, abraid, abarthar, atber, -apror, -abra-sa, therar, ciadera, -eibre, -aprai, -apra, -abra, -erba, adbera, -epre, -eperta-som, -apra, -epram, -apraid, -abairthe, -abrat, -aprat, -ebarthar, -abartar, -abruinn, at-bertha, aderthe, -ebertha, -erbarta, erbartha, atberad, -ebrad, -aprad, -abradh, atbermais, aderdáis, -abbraitis, -hapraitis, -abartháoi, -erbrad, at-bēr, atér, adér, adéar, -eibér, -aibéar, atbēra, atbéra-su, adbera, -adéruir, atbera, adēra, adéara, adérus, -epri, -ebre, -aibéra, -aibeóraidh, adéaraim-ne, déaram, -aibéaram, atberat, adēraitt, -aibeórait, atdérthar, -habeórtar, adearainn, -eibrinn, atbertha, -ebertha, -aibeorta, ádertha, atbered, adberad, atberad, adéaradh, -ebéredh, -ébradh, -eibreadh, -aibeoradh, adéarmais, adiartáis, adérdáis, adéarthaoi, adéartha, -aibértaide, -aibeorthaoi, atbert, adbert, itbert, atbert sib, atbertatar, atbertar, atrubart, adrubairt, atrubairt, adrubairt, atrubartmar, atrubrumar, adrubramar, atrubrabar, atrubartatar, atrubratár, atrubartar, adrubrad, atrubrad, atubart, adubhart, adubairt, atubairt, gitubairt, dubairt, itubairt, adubert, dubairt, adubairt, duibhert, adeibairt, -dubhairt, -dobort, -dóbart, -debhairt, -debert, -débairt, -débuirt, adubramar, adubrumar, adubramair, dubrumur, -dubhramar, -dubhramair, -dobramair, -dobhramair, adubratar, dubrudar, -dubhradar, adubhradh, dubradh, -dubradh, -debhradh, -déabhradh, -óbart, -éabhart, -eabert, -ebert, -ebairt, -ébairt, -éabhairt, -ebradar, -ebrad, -ebrath, -ébrad, condérbairt, -derbertatar, asroepred, atbertus, adubartus, atbertais, adubartais, adobhartois, -ebartais, -dhébartais, atbertsat, asbertsit, atbertsatar, -epertsat, -ebertsat, -ebirtsit, adubortas, -ebras, -erbertus, atrubairtais, -erbortaiss, atrubhairtset, epert, abairt, abarta

v (* ess-ber-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 466 ). IGT Verbs § 6 . In the prot. -epir there is some fluctuation between e- and a-, see GOI p. 54 , 508 and forms infra.

In Mid. Ir. a form atbeir (prot. -epir, -ap(a)ir) replaces as-beir, see GOI p. 268 . Later this becomes a(t)deir (prot. -apair) and is the usual form in late Mid. and Mod. Ir. Occasionally adeir (sometimes deir) is given the endings of a simple verb, see infra. The early conjugation (ā-subj., ē-fut., t-pret.) continues with Mid. Ir. personal endings. In the pret. new stem-formations appear: adubart (< adrubart); adebart, adébart (? conflation of adubart and -epert); adobart, adóbart. In depend. position -dubart; -ebert, -ebart, -ébart, -debart, -débart; -óbart, -dobart, -dóbart. In classical verse (IGT loc. cit.) adubart, adobart alliterate with d; adóbart, adébart with a vowel and with d.

Early forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. asbiur, Wb. 8a9 . -epiur, Wb. 4b26 . -epur, 5a31 . 2 s. asbirsiu, Wb. 12d17 . asṁbirsiu, Sg. 208b5 . asbir, 66b10 . -apir, ibid. -epir, TBC-LL¹ 1763 . 3 s. asbeir, Wb. 5a1 . asṁber, 10b13 . With rel. inf. pron. assidbeir, 20a10 . With neut. inf. pron. adbeir, 5a11 . atbeir, 10d5 . -epir, ibid. -epeir, 17d11 . -eiper, 33b7 . -eper, Ml. 69a21 . 1 pl. asberam, Ml. 14a19 . Sg. 55b1 . -eprem, Sg. 208a7 . 2 pl. asberid, Wb. 5a31 . 3 pl. with rel. inf. pron. asndonberat, Wb. 2a12 . Pass. sg. asberar, Wb. 3c21 . asberr, 21c7 . asmberr, 33a18 . asber, Ml. 110d16 , 114a2 . -eperr, Sg. 73a11 . -aiperr, Ml. 14d13 . Pass. pl. asbertar, Wb. 28a20 ; Ml. 123c8 . -epertar, Sg. 3b6 . With inf. ro: 3 s. asrobair, Sg. 198a18 . ? asrobar, Ml. 17b23 . With inf. neut. pron. atrobair, Sg. 190b4 .

Indic. impf. 1 s. asberinse, Ml. 54c26 ; asberinn, 91b10 . 3 s. asbered, Wb. 15a18 ; Ml. 54c18 , 23 , 55c17 ; asberad, 53d6 . 1 pl. With neut. inf. pron. atbeirmis, Wb. 26b19 . 3 pl. asbertis, Wb. 25b27 . asbeirtis, 4c23 , Ml. 106d3 . Pass. sg. asberthe, Thes. i 492.25 . With inf. pron. 1 pl. asṅdanbertheni, Ml. 114a7 .

Ipv. 3 s. epred, Wb. 10a16 . 2 pl. eprid, TBFr. 396 . TBC-I¹ 1570 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. asber, Wb. 16a24 . -eper, 32a20 . 2 s. asbere, Wb. 12d13 . asbera(su), Sg. 209d30 . 3 s. asbera, Wb. 22b23 . With inf. neut. pron. atbera, 12a4 . 1 pl. asmberamni, Wb. 2a13 . 2 pl. asberaid, Wb. 7d10 . 3 pl. asberat, Wb. 1d1 . -epret, Wb. 7d8 . Pass. sg. asberthar, Wb. 10a12 . -epert[h]ar, Wb. 5a5 . With inf. ro 1 s. -erbora, LU 6659 (TBC). 2 s. -ǽrbara, Sg. 209b30 . -erbara, LL 286a1 . 2 pl. -érbarid, Wb. 13c13 ; 15d6 . 3 pl. -érbarat, Wb. 27c8 . -ērbrat, Sc.M² 1R . Pass. sg. asrobarthar, Thes. ii 17.34 . -érbarthar, Wb. 10d13 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. asberin, Wb. 14c23 ; asberinn, 17b1 . 2 s. asbertha, Sg. 217b15 . -epertha, TBC-LL¹ 2161 . 3 s. asberad, Wb. 13a13 , 19 ; Ml. 59a7 , 67a8 , 95b7 . With inf. pron. 3 s. n. atberad, Ml. 62c2 . -epred, 28b11 , 69a21 . -epreid, 70a6 . -aipred, 33c17 . 1 pl. asbermis, Wb. 18a18 . 3 pl. -epertais, Ml. 28d8 . Pass. sg. asberthe, Wb. 15d20 . asberthae, Ml. 77a6 . -eperthe, Wb. 19a5 ; 23d25 . With inf. ro 2 s. -erbartha (-erbarta v.l.), Alex. 829 . -erparta, BB 498a4 . 3 s. with rel. inf. pron. asindrobrad, Ml. 50b8 . -ærbarad, Ml. 31b20 , 24 . -erbarad, SR 5642 . 3 pl. asndarobartis, Ml. 31b22 .

Fut. 1 s. asbǽr, Ml. 91b10 . asbéer, Wb. 32a22 . asbér, TBFr. 168 . -épéer, Wb. 32a20 . -epér, SR 1309 . -eper, PH 2382 . 3 s. asbéra, Wb. 12d6 . 1 pl. asbéram, Wb. 17c23 . 3 pl. asbérat, Wb. 12d12 . Pass. sg. asbérthar, TBFr. 177 . Pass. pl. asbertar, Sg. 73b8 . With inf. ro 3 s. -erbǽra, ZCP vii 484.25 (Enchir. Aug.).

Condit. pass. sg. -eperth, Ml. 127d14 .

Pret. 3 s. asbert, Ml. 16c10 , Thes. ii 241.12 ; 242.3 , 6 . asmbert, Ml. 58c6 , 124d9 . -epert, Thes. ii 242.15 (Ardm.). 3 pl. with rel. inf. pron. asindbertatar, Ml. 124d9 . -epertatár, LU 8079 ( FB 5 ). Pass. sg. asbreth, Ériu iii 137.52 .

Perf. 1 s. asruburt, Sg. 91a3 , Ml. 50d7 . With rel. inf. pron. asidruburt, Sg. 58b1 , 75b2 . asidrubart, Ml. 3a15 , 66c1 . -ǽrburt, 44b19 . 2 s. -erbort. Ériu xii 166 § 5 (TE). 3 s. asrubart, Wb. 4d16 , autrubert, Thes. ii 246.14 (Cambr.). -érbart, Wb. 13c12 . 1 pl. asrubartmar, Wb. 8d26 . asrubartmmar, Sg. 55b5 . adrubartmar, 197b16 . 2 pl. arrubartait (sic), RC iii 345.16 . 3 pl. asrubartatar, Wb. 18d1 . With rel. inf. pron. asinrubartat, Ml. 131d12 . -ærb[art]atar, 29a4 . Pass. sg. asrobrad, Wb. 3c31 , 5a4 , 10d8 , 12d26 , 33b16 . asrobrath, Ériu ii 104 § 15 . -erbrad, Wb. 32c8 , -érbrath, Sg. 220a10 . -érbrad, Ériu iii 137.52 . -éabrad, Celtica xiii 13.248 .

Later forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. atbiur, TBC-LL¹ 610 . adbirsa, Mon. Tall. 154.23 . atberim, SR 1873 . atiur, TBC-LL¹ 2990 etc., natiur-sa, 4269 . tiur-sa, 2975 . attear, 3180 . atderim-sea, 4403 . aderim, PH 2760 . adearaim, DDána 113.29 . adirim (: eisinill), IGT Verbs ex. 84 . -apur, Mon. Tall. 140.24 . -abbair, Ériu ii 92 § 6 . -apraim, PH 2188 . -abraim, TSh. 2694 . -dirim , Content. xxix 10 . 2 s. at-beire, SR 1268 . atberi, Trip.² 584 . at-biri, Sc.M² 3 . natbere, TBC-LL¹ 1679 . ateri, MU 420 . adere, PH 2712 . aderi, 2705 . adir (: fir), IGT Verbs ex. 83 . -abbrai, Ériu iv 98.7 . -abra, DDána 37.17 . 3 s. atbeir, SR 4169 . itbeir, Trip.² 64 . atber, TBC-LL¹ 430 . atbir, 1222 . adbeir, ZCP viii 109.10 . adeir, PH 2714 . ader, 2688 . -abair, TSh. 127 . -abrann (: cablom), IGT Verbs ex. 87 . 1 pl. atberam-ni, TBC-LL¹ 5017 . adearam, DDána 42.30 . adireim-ne, 70.1 . adermait, PH 2685 . idermaidne, YBL 142b19 . adeirmíd, TSh. 5863 . adearmuid (: dhuid), Dán Dé xv 22 . adirmid (: sirmid), IGT Verbs ex. 76 . -abramait, PH 2666 . 2 pl. atberid, PH 297 . atberthe, TBC-LL¹ 861 . atberthai-si, 1959 . atberthi, PH 5268 . itirid-si, TBC-LL¹ 1636 . -aparthi, PH 5268 . -aparthai, 2362 . -abraid, -aburth, CCath. 601 . 3 pl. atberat, Trip.² 1175 . TBC-LL¹ 2659 . adberuid, Laws i 34.4 Comm. atberait, PH 6985 . aderait, 2676 . aderaid, CCath. 1700 . adeirit, Ériu xv 14 § 1 . adeirid, TSh. 751 . -abraid, 2514 . Pass. sg. atberar, BDD² 582 . TBC-LL¹ 843 etc. atberair, PH 2870 . aderar, 7396 . aderair, 7345 . iderar, CCath. 722 . dearair, DDána 48.10 . adirthir (: sligthiph), IGT Verbs ex. 93 . adirthear, DDána 78.12 adeirthear, TSh. 2515 . deirthear, 5652 . -eperar, Laws ii 254.6 . -ebarar, ACL iii 247.5 . -apar, MU² 265 . TBC-LL¹ 1148 . -abar, DDána 23.18 . -aburar, Maund. 8 . -abairthear, Ó Héodhusa 50.16 . -abarthar, TSh. 1924 .

Indic. impf. 3 s. atbered, TBFr. 223 . adbered, Ériu i 46.10 . atdeired, TBC-LL¹ 2854 . a-deireadh, DDána 52.17 . conaprad, Ériu iv 32.4 . 3 pl. adeirdis, Maund. 16 . Pass. sg. atberthea, TBC-LL¹ 1453 . adberta, Ériu ii 176.5 . atberte, CCath. 4446 . aderthai, Irish Texts i 22 § 5 . frisi n-aburti , Ann. Conn. 1310.3 .

Ipv. 2 s. apursiu, Mon. Tall. 150.22 . apair, TBFr. 323 . abbair, SR 1213 etc. abair, PH 351 . 3 s. aprad, PH 1768 . abradh, Ériu xv 14 § 5 . 2 pl. apraid, TBFr. 144 . abraid, Ériu iv 140.18 . aprit si, Mon. Tall. 131.31 . 3 pl. abraid, RSClára 7b . Pass. sg. abarthar, RSClára 4a .

Subj. pres. 1 s. atber, Ériu v 30.4 . -apror, LU 6662 (TBC). -abrur, LB 141a28 . -abra-sa (abru-sa v.l.), CCath. 3340 . cia therar , Ériu i 227.5 . 2 s. ciadera, Metr. Dinds. iv 356.58 . -eibre, Laws iv 108.1 . -aprai, Fing. R. 381 . -apra (-aprae v.l.), CCath. 4209 . -abra, PH 431 . -erba, 3155 . 3 s. adbera, Laws i 120.27 Comm. -epre, Ériu iii 106 § 41b . ? -eperta-som, TBC-LL¹ 2153 . -apra, IT i 128.26 . 1 pl. -epram, PH 6887 . 2 pl. -apraid, LU 4009 ( SCC 45 ). -abairthe, TTr.² 337 . 3 pl. -abrat, Sc.M² R 20 . -aprat, PH 7891 . Pass. sg. -ebarthar (- erbarthar MS), Ériu iv 24.3 . -abartar, RSClára 103a .

Subj. impf. 1 s. -abruinn, KMMisc. 354.17 . 2 s. at-bertha, Sc.M² 3 . TBC-LL¹ 1730 . aderthe, ZCP vii 301 § 7 . -ebertha, TBC-LL¹ 1730 . -erbarta, Anecd. v 2.10 = erbartha, Alex. 829 . 3 s. atberad, LU 2511 . -ebrad, IT i 175.16 . -aprad, Fing. R. 30 . -abradh, TSh. 2509 . 1 pl. atbermais, Trip.² 63 . 3 pl. aderdáis, Fianaig. 70.27 . -abbraitis, TBC-LL¹ 3592 . -hapraitis, 3291 . Pass. sg. -abartháoi, RSClára 77b . With inf. ro 3 s. -erbrad, IT i 175.31 .

Fut. 1 s. at-bēr, Fing. R. 971 . atér, LL 298b40 . adér, BNnÉ 252 § 207 . adéar, DDána 67.7 . -eibér, FDG² 57 . -aibéar (: caigéal), Content. xxiv 10 . 2 s. atbēra, SR 8133 . atbéra-su, Trip.² 1141 . adbera, Laws i 302.26 Comm. -adéruir, Laud 610, fo. 18d (cited from Plummer MS notes). 3 s. atbera, PH 2038 . adēra, ZCP viii 212.23 . adéara, DDána 29.24 . rel. adérus, RSClára 152a . -epri, LU 2513 . -ebre, IGT Verbs ex. 82 (subj. ?). -aibéra, ZCP viii 212.30 . -aibeóraidh, TSh. 534 . 1 pl. adéaraim-ne, DDána 67.35 . déaram, ML 120.15 . -aibéaram, DDána 95.18 . 3 pl. atberat, TBC-LL¹ 1613 . adēraitt, RSClára 22a . -aibeórait, 14a . Pass. sg. atdérthar, RC xx 12 § 21 . -habeórtar, Maund. 268 .

Condit. 1 s. adearainn, DDána 59.26 . -eibrinn (: deighgreim), IGT Verbs ex. 91 . 2 s. atbertha, TBC-LL¹ 1730 . -ebertha, 1730 . -aibeorta, TBC-LL¹ p. 221 n.4 . ádertha, ibid. 3 s. atbered, SR 5903 . adberad, CCath. 754 . atberad, 755 . adéaradh, DDána 94.13 . -ebéredh, BNnÉ 323 § 33 . -ébradh (: érlam), IGT Verbs ex. 86 . -eibreadh (: fleadh), ex. 81 . -aibeoradh, Keat. i 62.17 . 1 pl. adéarmais, DDána 99.43 . 3 pl. adiartáis, TBC-LL¹ 4018 . adérdáis, ZCP viii 223.20 . Pass. sg. adéarthaoi, DDána 21.22 . adéartha, 11.33 . -aibértaide, Maund. 55 . -aibeorthaoi, Keat. i 234.16 .

Pret. and perf.

(a) 3 s. atbert, Trip.² 168 . TBC-LL¹ 962 etc. adbert, Mon. Tall. 136.18 . itbert, CCath. 412 . 2 pl. atbert sib, PH 1384 . 3 pl. atbertatar, TBC-LL¹ 456 etc. atbertar, TTr.² 560 .

(b) 1 s. atrubart, PH 1548 . 3 s. adrubairt, Anecd. i 11.13 ( -a(i)rt, SCano 309 ). atrubairt, SR 1325 . adrubairt, Trip.² 554 . 1 pl. atrubartmar, CCath. 2865 . atrubrumar, PH 554 . adrubramar, 3460 . 2 pl. atrubrabar, PH 2774 . 3 pl. atrubartatar, LL 401b42 . atrubratár, TBC-LL¹ 2076 . atrubartar, TTr. 422 . Pass. sg. adrubrad. Trip.² 1392 . atrubrad, PH 107 .

(c) 1 s. atubart, TBC-LL¹ 4110 . adubhart, DDána 39.14 . 3 s. adubairt, TBC-LL¹ 1494 . atubairt, 956 . gitubairt, 3764 (ce dubairt , v.l.). itubairt, RC xlvi 227.19 . adubert, ZCP xiii 182.26 . dubairt, PH 7464 . adubairt, IGT Verbs ex. 80 . duibhert, Rel. Celt. ii 190.33 . adeibairt (idubairtt v.l.), Ériu ii 184.16 . -dubhairt, TSh. 3198 . -dobort (: comolc), IGT Verbs ex. 88 . -dóbart (: cródhacht), ex. 89 . -debhairt, CCath. 421 . -debert, RC xiv 46 § 54 . -débairt, TTr.² 245 . -débuirt (: énuilc), IGT Verbs ex. 75 . 1 pl. adubramar (atrubhamar v.l.), CCath. 2641 . adubrumar, Laws i 92.9 Comm. adubramair, 42.21 Comm. dubrumur, 142.27 Comm. -dubhramar, TSh. 1158 . -dubhramair, 99 . -dobramair (: gormlannaig), IGT Verbs ex. 79 . -dobhramair, DDána 101.25 . 3 pl. adubratar, PH 2679 . dubrudar, RC xlix 5 § 2 . -dubhradar, TSh. 3210 . Pass. sg. adubhradh, DDána 21.7 . má dubradh , IGT Verbs ex. 80 . -dubradh (: chunnradh), ex. 90 . -debhradh, Lism. L. 3310 . -déabhradh (: téarnamh), DDána 108.3 .

(d) 1 s. -óbart, IGT Verbs ex. 85 . -éabhart, Content. viii 4 . 3 s. -eabert, Ériu ii 186.13 . -ebert, CCath. 4061 . -ebairt, TBC-LL¹ 137 . -ébairt (: mérailt), IGT Verbs ex. 74 . -éabhairt, DDána 97.24 . 3 pl. -ebradar, Ériu ii 180.10 , Pass. sg. -ebrad, Fing. R. 1030 . -ebrath, ZCP viii 313.30 . -ébrad, IT i 132.19 .

(e) 3 s. condérbairt, TTr.² 1764 . 3 pl. -derbertatar, BS 50.30 . Pass. sg. asroepred, Mon. Tall. 159.4 .

Pret. and perf. with s-pret. endings. 1 s. atbertus, PH 1517 . adubartus, 1785 . 2 s. atbertais, TBC-LL¹ 1414 . adubartais, PH 3332 . adobhartois, Desid. 799 . -ebartais, Fen. 300. x . -dhébartais, ZCP viii 552.14 . 3 pl. atbertsat, LU 9223 ( FB § 77 ). asbertsit, Alex. 690 . atbertsatar, PH 2743 . -epertsat, PH 750 . -ebertsat, 2305 . -ebirtsit, TBC-LL¹ p. 649 n.7 . Pass. sg. adubortas (: bfoltchas), IGT Verbs ex. 78 . -ebras, Ériu vii 225.6 .

Also 1 s. -erbertus, PH 4958 . 2 s. atrubairtais, PH 5046 . -erbortaiss, Ériu xii 166.30 (TE). 3 pl. atrubhairtset, Leb. Gab.(i) 244.9 .

Vn. epert. abairt, IGT Verbs § 6 .

Part. of necess. abarta, Anecd. ii 20 § 4 .

Says, speaks (folld. by direct obj., verbal clause or vn. clause): dogníthe a n-asbered Moysi, Wb. 15a18 . arna epret is ara miscuis in cúrsachad, 7d8 . ní arindí asndarobartis . . . inna briathra hisin, Ml. 31b22 . atbeir C. . . . inní so, Trip.² 10 . in ferand . . . a n-apar a mbith, 43 . ní abbair acht fírinne `I say only the truth', Ériu ii 92.15 . intan promthar epred ced, ZCP vii 312 § 24 . asrubairt ni regad co rrucad mo chendsa, TBC-I¹ 1219 . adbert co ndingnead, Ériu ii 180.9 . brat an druadh adir an leabhar / 'na smual ón tigh theineadh, Dán Dé xii 23 . dā n-abruinn gurab dubh an fíach, / adēardis Laighnigh gur geal, KMMisc. 354.17 . ná habair 's ní aibéar-sa / m'ainm, Dánta Gr. 95.13 . adeirid uile, crochtar é, TSh. 3196 . an madradh adeir sé do bheith i n-ifreann, 1030 . an dream adeirmíd do mharthain quos vivere dicimus, 5863 . In phrase a.¤ bréithir (bríathar) gives one's word: asbir mo bríathar . . . beith ré dosom ría n-ecaib ┐ ní dognéa . . . `by my word', Mon. Tall. 141.6 . natiur-sa brethir manu thísat . . . is missi conairgeba bás, TBC-LL¹ 4269 . asbiur mo bréithir . . . narb' ail damh nech d'anacal, RC xxvii 268 § 16 . In sense of orders, commands: asbert Colmán a scor reme C. ordered it to cease, BColm. 58.22 . má adubhairt cairt a roinn ribh / an tírse `if some charter orders you to divide this country', Aithd. D. 30.32 . céard gach fhir do dhíol adeir he orders the craft of every man to be rewarded, DDána 91.45 . adeirim ris an saoghal cromadh, TSh. 190 . sings, chants Celtica xxi 62 : co n-ebert an laoidh, BS 17.487 .

With prepp. With FRI says to, calls: amal asindbertatar som fris, Ml. 124d9 . is sain indí asidrubart ┐ indí frisa n-érbrath, Sg. 220a10 . asbert D. fri Pátricc, Thes. ii 241.12 . eprid frie for toisc, TBFr. 396 . Rí frisin-erbairt in slúag, SR 7689 . Conall C. atubrad rium-sa do gabáil ann `I was told that C. would settle there', Ériu xvi 67.93 . ní apur frit ol M. ní fodgní lind `I do not tell thee (to do so) says M., such is not our practice', Mon. Tall. 140.24 . notaitchim ar Dia . . . co n-erba rind . . ., PH 3155 . adbirsa fritsa cuicc bliadna dec pendi `I pronounce upon thee fifteen years of penance', Mon. Tall. 154.23 . apraid ríu . . . anat dina cuínib co fodailter dóib, TBFr. 144 . coimhlíonaid . . . mar a dubhradh riú `as it hath byn commanded them', RSClára 114b . is airi asbiur frit stultam, Wb. 8a9 . as uime adeirthear neamhghlan rú this is why they are said to be impure, IGT Introd. 5.12 . Druim C. risa n-apar Áni Clíach which is called, MU² 294 . as ris aderthai Mac Duinnshleibhe, L. Chl. S. 17 . mac do Fíachaig Mullet[h]an risinnabar Fer da Líach, ZCP viii 303.29 . an ced earnail dib re nabar morbus uniuersalis, RC xlix 3.4 .

With DO gives as a name to, applies to, calls: conna epreid ainm dia ndoib, Ml. 70a6 . ání as deus is du folud nephchumscaigthiu asberr, 110d16 . conepertar doib ylementa , Sg. 3b6 . ní eperr acht hilar dóib `only the plural is used of them', 73a11 . cid ara n-eperr fer midboth don[d] ḟi[u]r so ? Críth G. 30 . is hé in suide itberar doib, Trip.² 40 .

With DI calls: is de atberthe in siriti de ara met no delbad i n-ilrechtaib, LU 9008 ( FB 75 ). is airi adberta Furbaide de, Ériu ii 176.5 . cia tugaid ara n-ebarar berla tobaide din Gaedilg ?, Auraic. 2.10 . Says of: issed asberedsom desuidiu `this is what he used to say of this', Mon. Tall. 142.18 . is don ingen siu atrubrath cruth cach co hEtain, IT i 120.12 . conadh aire atberar in foranmach de .i. Nuada Find Feimin, ZCP xiii 197.15 . cé dearaid cách éag re hadhart / d'onchoin R. . . ., Magauran 1172 .

With ó names from: iar marbhadh . . . Charolusa . . . ó n-abarthar cloidheamh Charolusa from whom the sword of C. is named, Ériu i 80 § 8 . cia ó ndubhradh ainm gacha litre, IGT Introd. § 1.4 . Féine ó Fhéinius atbearta, Keat. ii 319 . Aed mac . . . Fergail on abar h. Fergail, Ann. Conn. 1232.2 .

clesach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clesach or dil.ie/9441

 

adj o, ā (cles)

I skilled in feats; in pejorative sense, wily, guileful, crafty: in gilla c.¤ sin (of Cú Chulainn), LU 8455 ( FB 31 ). belaig úathaig ochtclesaig, 10394 (rhet.). a bil-[l]aburthach il-ch.¤ il-bras (to the sinful soul), PH 8181 . in chenn (sic) cleasach, chosaidec . . . Tesifóne `tricky', MR 168.6 . bean nach cleasach cuing, O'Hara 3433 . tré chomhar-bháidh breitheamh mbreabóideach ┐ charad gcleasach gcealg-rúnach, TSh. 5413 . dá sleaghaibh fírneimhneacha .i. dá n-aimsighthibh ilchleasacha, 2614 . Compar. dirim is áilliu no is choemiu no is ilchlessachu andás, TFerbe 72 .

II As subst. beguiler, deceiver : Forgull Monach .i. cleasuch robhói, ab eo quod est mon .i. cleas, Cóir Anm. 205 . Forgall Monach . . . / cach clessach na chanad cheilg / manach sein sin Gaedilg, LL 18013 . trí fichit rigan go recht / . . . / doghninn a lesa uile / fa mé in c.¤ cluanuide, SG 105.13 . is lámh fa chraoibh nach cromann / bheith red chumann, a chleasaigh (to the world), DDána 4.5 .

costud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. costud or dil.ie/12636
Last Revised: 2019

 

u, later o, m. vn. of con-suidi, whence properly act of placing together, arranging, establishing, setting up; checking, restraining ; but used vaguely and in such a wide variety of applications as to render classification difficult and uncertain.

In follg. act of checking, restraining : c.¤ co numlai restraint, ZCP iii 447.4 = castót, Celtica viii 58.1 (earlier reading than c.¤ , note). a ch.¤ i Temraich `he was checked', Ann. Inisf. 840 (see note). tenga do c[h]., ZCP viii 231 § 4 . in nert . . . / na fētaider cosc na c.¤ , RC xxxvi 262 § 6 . c.¤ ruirech a match for (?), TBC-LL² 492 (`sustainer'). re c.¤ ┐ re cúrsuchad a cheli, MR 224.15 . ? Ísa Críst costadha, ZCP viii 204.w . a comdail . . . mait[h]e chostaidh an caomh-sluaig `the sturdy chiefs', Celt. Rev. iv 110.21 .

With follg. IMM (stereotyped expr.): ba c.¤ im churaid sain ┐ bá tairisem im thigerna, LL 32761 (`a halting', TTr. 1971 ). ba cosdad im righ leo ┐ ba treass im dam ndilend taking a stand (?), BB 435a25 . ba costudh imm righ costudh imbe (of Hector), ZCP xxx 65.1210 . c.¤ im dagḟlaith `good behaviour', Tec. Corm. 4.4 . mithig frim c[h]orp . . . / costad im chrābud to engage in (?), ACL iii 311 § 5 . With cath, etc.: fri catha castud (: astud) `beim Ordnung der Schlacht', Ält. Ir. Dicht. 39 § 6 ( Corp. Gen. 2.31 ). co nderna costadh catha, CCath. 3072 . cath gan chostadh `without check', Caithr. CC 54 . C. re costad catha, MR 150.7 . itir ch.¤ ┐ chorugad catha, 214.16 . ba costadh sloigh iar sraoineadh forra (of person), Hugh Roe² 54.y . With cenn: in cend costuda ┐ in cirriud mór-ṡlúaig (of Cú Chulainn) `supporting leader', TBC-LL² 397. 658 . a ccenn costadha ┐ comhairle, Hugh Roe² 182.32 . Cf. c.¤ Ulad `the men of Ulster', TBC-LL² 2421 . With feis, fled: c.¤ feisi for feoil tairb Dairi (of prohibitions of king of Ulster) `to celebrate . . . ', Leb. Cert. 6.3 . rocoraidhid . . . cách . . . im ch.¤ na fledhi, Ériu v 234.36 .

Behaviour, manner : ar ro bói drochc.¤ is'taig, there was trouble inside, Sc.M² 17 . dorōnsad . . . na slúaigh micostadh .i. a aonbhó do mharbhadh `maltreated (him)', RC xxiv 46 n.14 . is ē trā c.¤ inna clērchechta ` practice ', Celtica viii 58.12 ( ZCP iii 448.8 ). de déscin cathai ┐ cosdotha Túath nDéa 'to reconnoitre the battle and the practices of the Túatha Dé', CMT² 56 § 124​ . ? báig ┐ ch.¤ , TBC-LL² 4302 (`contention'). Appearance : is rígda in c.¤ , LU 7065 (BDD). cinnas do aith[g]ēnmais in degmnái? Asa deilb ┐ asa c.¤ , ZCP viii 112.22 . cech dírim i ndegaid araile for oenchóe fó oench.¤ , LL 31086 `in one guise', TTr. 267 . eter lín ┐ ch.¤ ┐ timthaige, TBC-LL² 4330 . ? cinnus in tsloig ┐ in chostaid atchondcatar, RC xxi 318 § 43 ` usage '.

Miscellaneous: ? ruc do chaithrib (chathrachaib, MSS.) c.¤ clārach, Bruchst. 6 § 4 . ? fora chostathaib cuicilche arechta rān riuth, ZCP xi 93 § 28 . cinsiu di churp ríg sceó rígnai / richt for caíni c.¤ , LU 8283 (rhet. FB 22 ). hi c.¤ forchaíni, 10312 . in c.¤ febda fedes `excellent restraint', Ériu ii 65 § 9 . cunnlacht an c[h]ostudha, ZCP viii 200.13 . costadh, ceōl, cumsanadh celebration (?), 204.8 . c.¤ réil `clear arrangement', RC xxvi 24 § 84 . cert cech cana ┐ costaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 18.214 v.l. do ch.¤ mo lenna ┐ do chathim mo bíd `to consume ', TBC-LL² 898 . co fáiter i nEmain ra c.¤ a ríg ┐ ra bréthir a flatha `at the behest', 4104 . feochra costoda, 4661 . níam .i. dath ut est costadh néime .i. fasta[d] iarcae in datha `the staying of niam', O'Dav. 1295 . costad sída .i. nin sen (letter n in Briatharogam Morainn), Auraic. 5543 , 4270 . cosdudh sidha uindis `a check on peace', 1174 . c.¤ sida `establishing peace', RC xxvi 24 § 72 . ar cill Ciarain do chostad occo `because C.C. was disputed (?) by them', Fél. 88.14 . ic dún Chairin cét c.¤ `of a hundred feastings', Metr. Dinds. iii 278.31 . sgol 'n-a cosdadh ós mo chionn `in ordered rank', Aithd. D. 1.28 . ? co facadar ann ar castadh / teine ar lasadh thuas na thaigh, SG 22.z . do bai-sem ┐ a costad ar mullach in chairn `he kept to his position', Ann. Conn. 1230.6 . co rochtain dóibh gus an ccosttadh ┐ gus an ccomnart ` camp ', AFM iv 1936.w . isé Ciarán ro uraib (leg. -l) dóibh air Chill Ch. do chostadh aici ar tus `to grant him', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 22.3 .

2 dál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 dál or dil.ie/14345
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dálae, dála, dáil, dáil, dála, dálaib, dáil

n ā, f. g s. dálae, dála. a s. dáil. d s. dáil. pl. nom. acc. dála. d p. dálaib.—n s. later dáil.

I

(a) A meeting with (fri): bái oc frithairi na aidchi contuli tráth a dála, IT i 126. 19 . ticc iarum in ingen assa dáil, ib. 11 . ní arnicc Ailill a dáil, ib. 127. 18 . noco dernad ríu mo dál, ib. 224. 20 . Aas and nobidh a dalsom fri Creid, Anecd. i 14. 25 . dál itir Aedh ┐ Cathal, AU i 194. 2 . is truag in dál, TBC-LL¹ 4098 . dursan do dál dédenach, ib. 4036 (but dál, 3512 is probably the vn. of the preceding radáled). dálas dáil, Fianaig. 10. 5 . fil mo dáilse (mo dálsa l. 3 ) fris innocht, Hib. Min. 77. 21 . docein doroacht do dáil, Fianaig. 10 , 11 . inna cóic dáloi a ricfom .i. dál fri cneid dál fri bás dál fri muintir nDé dál fri demno dál fri hesérgi allaithiu brathæ, ZCP iii 455. 2 . atá ar ndal go ríg na roth, ib. vii 304. 12 . druim re deman dál re Dia, ACL iii 306. 10 . dail fria cnes fria caemchichi, LL 179 a 40 . dogén airius dála frib ann, PH 3008 . dál báis a meeting with death (cf. IV): co rosfargbais i ndáil báis, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 20. 8 . darsin ndáil i tiagsa .i. dál báis, RC xiii 387 . ria ndul i ndáil báis, MacCongl. 29. 26 ; 81. 11 . conid foichlidhi do cachæn in dal derb ┐ an dal inderb... .i. dail bais, Ériu v 120. 1 . dál éco ( = W. dadyl angheu) id. dochta do neoch dálas dáil facbas dáil néco fri láim, Fianaig. 10. 5 . Cf. da ttecmadh éc dála dam is ar méd grádha Gaoidheal, Reeves Ad. 288. 3 . Without qualifier: hi llaithiu dāla, Rawl. B 502 124 b 55 = ina ló dála, Fing. R. 261 . dál fo demi, v. 1 deime below.

(b) a hostile meeting, an encounter: tiagam issin dail sea do chosnam ind ḟir sea, TBC-LL¹ 3258 . techt i ndáil ailt Ulad is dal dia mbia pudar, ib. 3271 . ratfíat láich rat láma noco raga ar dála, ib. 3053 . dian a buille dond a dál, Metr. Dinds. ii 16. 4 . ... in debhaid dál adcíu, ACL iii 297. 1 (cf. bág atchíu, 294. 19 ), cf. 297. 7 . cia robói do dál ri nech robí do dál dedenach, TFerbe 453 . meni thæth...lemsa man dailse, CRR 8. 14 . gair ri dogur dál ri dimbuaid, ib. 44. 22 . LL 195 a 39 , 43 . ropsat liri a ndála ropsat láma trena, ib. 46 a 19 . gan dáil gan glíaid ZCP viii 229 st 7 . dáil glecach gonach, Cog. 158. 4 . dál díbeirge, Lec. 353 b 24 . druideamaoid na choinne san dáil, Oss. i 128. 3 . is nach cuibhe dhuit gan seasamh le Daolchiabh a ndáil, ib. iv 154. 28 . dob iomdha buille ┐ béim san dáil, Stowe-MS F iv a, p. 78. 6 . gur bhain lena chloidhiomh san treas deich ndála asa chorp caoindheas, ib. 9 . dál-ingabáil avoiding of battle MR 294. 17 .

prep do dáil towards, against : ná toraig dot dáil in bé thondgel, LL 147 a 6 . eirc...┐ finnta latt cid thacras Déicc diar ndáil, PH 1042 .

prep i ndáil n- (acc.) towards (cf. i comdáil n-, i coinne): co ti a ndrong im dhail sea, Gorm. Aug. 19 . totáisiu imbarach im dailsi, IT i 126. 17 (cf. l. 2 ). do fóidiudsiu im dailse, ib. 126. 25 . cía so thú dodeochaid im dáil, 127. 20 . dul it dail, 128. 1 . tinóilid a slóghu libh im dáil-si. CCath. 1358 . intan ba mithigh do dul ina dáil, IT 126. 6 . luid ina dailseom, 126. 20 (cf. l. 7 ). tráth a dála totaet Étáin ina dáil , 127. 16 . tic ina dáil, 127. 2 . ní bá rí noco tí nar ndáil, LU 119 b 11 . ní thíset nar ndáil, LL 308 b 1 . is mochergech in læch radáil nar ṅdáil, TBC-LL¹ 3296 . in fer thic it dail, ib. 3075 . techt i ndáil, ib. 3270 . tancatar...i ndáil in chatha to the battle TTr. 1841 . tair im dáil, Ériu v 223. 69 . rachaid misi a ndáil éga, Anecd. i 39. 17 . gan ergi ina dail, Fen. 234. 14 . Danuib ria [n]dess sair na dail (sc. the river Don), Rawl. 78 b 19 . tuic inní atá id dál, SG i 18. 40 . dul i ndail chuirp Christ, PH 5340 . ní doilge leiss dul na dáil andás i ndáil cech bíid chena, ib. 5348 . manip amlaid tiasum i ndáil na hédparta mori se, ib. 5349 . ar eagla feirge chur na ndáil, Oss. iii 282. 7 . rochuimhnigheas ar theacht am dháil, ib. 248. 11 . an dís úd ag teacht na ndáil, iv 96. 2 ; 254. 2 . asa dtigeadh nach iad na dháil, 126. 12 . tionól do bhuidhean ad dháil, 68. 2 . ag triall na dháil, 250. 7 .— triallaidh im dháilse na huile ṡanntuigheas me, TSh. 52. 7 (similarly 245. 18 ). tiocfad id dháil, ib. 4. 34 ; 74. 13 . fógair dhain teacht id dháil arna huisgib, 60. 24 . ag teacht na dháil, 66. 35 ; cf. 248. 21 . rachad i ndáil mathar féin, 244. 17 . gurab gan ḟios tiocfas i ndáil an duine, 74. 12 ; 74. 14 ; cf. 90. 7 , 192. 29 , 206. 2 , 244. 17 .

prep i ndáil (dat.) near, along with (cf. II), cf. i comdáil. Mod. i ndáil le near, Aran and W. Conn. ( GJ xxxii 128 ); in mod. MSS sometimes a ná le. im dhail ad dirim , Gorm. March 22 . Petar Subhne Seuer...co deghmin nar ndailne, ib. Jan. 11 . Perpetuus Cathub...nar ndailne, ib. Apr. 8 . sciath rígh Teabhtha seo na dáil together with it ZCP viii. 227 . im dáil: Fionn san ḟiann gan stad am dháil, Oss. iii 290. 16 . dá mairfeadh Conán am dháil, iv 22. 27 ( am chomhdháil, vi 14. 22 ). iv 80. 3 . it dáil: an bhfuil Fionn san ḟiann ad dháil, iii 248. 27 . ó tá truagh as taise ad dháil, iii 274. 27 . beidh ad dháil Aodh Beag, iv 74. 3 ; vi 26. 15 . (in)na dáil: rochuir chugam an tṡáith aráin as deoch na dháil and a drink together with it iii 278. 24 . is leor do ṡeanoir an phian mar atá as gan tuilleadh na dáil without adding to it iii 286. 3 . dothriall annsúd aran bhféinn Oscur as Aodh na dháil, iv 82. 18 . gan sluagh ná tóir na dháil, iv 120. 3 . ní iarann (sc. Dia) tóir catha go deó na dháil, iv 122. 22 . (in)nár ndáil: san ḟiann uile nár ndáil go dlúth, vi 10. 2 . dḟág sinn uile faoi gheasaibh na dtuile nár ndáil, vi 48. 10 . (in)na ndáil: gan teirce a bhfonn na ndáil, iv 140. 36 .

prep imm dáil n- around, near, along with: beit mom dáil cen dimbaig Cionia chaid, Gorm. Apr. 3 . beit móm dáil in dremsa, ib. Apr. 27 .

prep ó dáil away from: an ḟiann óm dháil ar cheal the fiann being gone from me Oss. iii 276. 2 .

II A meeting, conference, assembly, convention; a legal meeting, court . Often connected with 1 airecht, comthinól, 1 oenach, terchomrac, tochomrac. For -dál as a collective suffix see ban-dál. dál .i. airecht ut est robbé uas bar ndálaib ( = Fél. Ep. 63 ), O'Dav. 644 . dál as chomtig fri dáma, Thes. ii 329. 1 . Frequent in the Laws: caite dail? ní adgelltar .i. in leth ingellus neach dul ┐ muna dech biaid smacht urcraidi dala uad ... mada ndech noco nuil smacht urcraidi dala uad, Laws iii 330. 1 . fuírech i ndail i mbi ri, ii 128. 19 . do les dala nó airechta, ii 214. 17 . teora tomaltu ata córai do ríg fora tuaitha oenach ┐ dal do cundrech ┐ tocomrac do chrich, iv 332. 17 . co dail críchi búi la tri cenéla saera a territorial meeting i 78. 17 . athgabáil dechmaide fil...im cach ndail críche, i 192. 11 . im lot do aibinne .i. do suide dala thy convention seat i 170. 15 (cf. dál-ṡuide below). má teccmai líth laithe nó dail no thochomracc tuaithe, v 396. 21 (gl. l. 25 : dail .i. oenaigh). fri gell fri dail fri dígail, ii 268. 16 . bla dúnad dal, iii 240. 22 (cf. is immi conéirgitis fri dala ┐ dúnada RC xiii 373. 4 ). dal .i. in dal ima comtinoilter ann, Laws 25 Comm. . timtach fir is gnáth a ndáil, v 238. 19 ( .i. a ndail aonaig, ib. 242. 17 Comm. ). iar tiachtain dóib don dail ropritchad soscéla Críst dóib, i 14. 15 .— is fairsing a ṅdálsom, Fél. Oct. 28 . attecham na hóga doairset ar ṅdála, ib. Sept. 20 . robrúithea i ndálaib, ib. Prol. 33 . it ruama co ndálaib co cétaib co mílib, ib. 211 . noddlomaim fíad dálaib before assemblies, i.e. openly ib. 133 . robbe uas bar ṅdálaib, ib. Ep. 63 . addreset na degḟir...mor ndalaib, Gorm. Apr. 22 . is iatso ríg bátar isin dail sin, IT i 212. 26 . rohordaigeadh smachta ┐ rechta ┐ dligheadha... isin dail sin, ib. iii 198. 22 . Feis Temrach...┐ fir nÉrenn isin dail sin uili, ib. 198. 25 . nach dal ┐ nach oirecht con-rísar la túathu ┐ rígu, Ériu ii 210. 5 . terchomrac dagdaoine dala menci, Tec. Corm. 3 . fá ma nadhmolad fiad righaibh isnaib dálaib, ACL iii 294. 4 . ó dosnectar ina ndalaib, ib. 298. 3 , cf. ib. 294. 24 . is ferr (var. lect. maith) cech dal dia tic síd, LL 147 b 26 . (fir Hérend) i noenbaile ┐ i noendáil ┐ i noentochim, TBC-LL¹ 820 . intan nothéigmis don dáil, Festschr. Stokes 3. 12 . i ndálaib ┐ airechtaib ┐ i comthinoltaib læch ┐ clérech, FA 31 . isé dano (forcetul) nopridchad i mmórdáil fer nÉrend, ib. 32 . Ériu co nimad ndála (g s. or of 4 dál RC xxxvii 14 ) FDG 532 . dochumm na dála, Three Hom. 60. 14 . boi dail (sic) mor la Bretnu...luidsom don dail, Lism. L. 48. 3 . ocht neascoib deg ar tri cetaib isin dail sin, MacCarthy 284. 19 . egnaidh Insi Fáil do díth a dáil nGaeidheal, AFM ii 602. 12 . cen luige do thabairt fo dáil ar domun, PH 2684 . amal dogniat inna brécaire i ndálaib ┐ i ndairechtaib, ib. 5947 (cf. 6055 ).

aes dála advocates : mná nád éta urlabra .i. ná fuair aes dala, Laws v 252. 26 .

dál brátho, in dál mór the last judgment : bid mou a onóir i ndail bratha, PH 1601 . is imalle ticfat i ndáil brátha, ib. 1652 . co nérius fén...i mórdáil lai brátha, ib. 3444 . bidat marthanaig...co mórdáil bratha, FA 6 . co tí in dál már, ACL iii 313. 17 .

III A law-case, a cause, case; a dispute, controversy (W. dadl debate, dispute): dal .i. caingin ut est dal dia ngetar a mbrugh .i. is caingin dia ngetar, O'Dav. 586 . ó bus tar muir ticfa dacra a dala a roga brethemon i nÉirinn dó, Laws i 6 22 . isé is fiadh naise imna dálaib ima fuiglither he is witness in the cases which are decided H 3. 17, O'D. 580 . aes dála advocates , see II. dala ile fri aes cerd, RC xxvi 40. 1 . is amnus dam beith isin dail sin itir dia ┐ duine, Laws i 6. 25 . imodcuiri fein it [d]alaibh act for thyself in thy causes IT iii 200. 29 . is mór nodcuiri ┐ nodgabai féin id dhalaib, ib. 201. 1 . nír bo chucumsa robo chóir dál inna caurath sin do thabairt, FB 56 . bretha córa for cach dáil ised dlegair do cach ríg, Rawl. 158. 9 . gan dáil gan gliaid gan gaisgead, ZCP viii 229 . na tagra a dáil co fergach, ZCP vi 271. 24 . dál do gleod to settle a controversy, decide. bid aingcess la hUltu in dal so do gleod FB 16 . ní gleter dála lasna Déisi acht ind aidchi, Trip. 208. 23 . noglédís dála, Leb. Cert. 6 . ar ndemnigud a ndála ┐ ar cinniud a caratraid, TTr. 1764 . court : cuisnit .i. cosnait .i. cosnam dala no cos na dála forsa nairisethair in dálaige, Corm. s.v. cuisnit .

IV

(a) A judgment, decree, sentence, award, ordinance, law , decision ( legid dam-sa ar dail, Fen. 182.8 . ná bi ic hildalaib, SR 1698 . Cf. is mor dogni d'imrateib, 1694) : dáil .i. dlighedh. gach uile dail tobhaigh is maortigherna, H 3.17 , p. 167 . ni techtat for dail is for dail a ndligid ( .i. is for dail na haili ata doib ani dlegait, 146. 11 ), Laws i 144. 22 . Similarly 146. 10 . dál Dé, SR 3891 . do ḟochmarc a dhála imon caingin sin, IT iii 200. 27 . ná rop guach do dál, LL 148 a 30 (= KMMisc. 260 st 6 ). ná rop dál co nattail, ib. 147 a 53 . conid sí dál forsṅdesid, ib. 163 a 45 . iar ndáil dligid, ib. 163 b 2 (= Todd Lect. vii 4. 28 ). ma daime dáil ṅdligid dún, ib. 209 a 53 . corbom etal risin dáil, ib. 374 c 19 . roptis fíra mo dála, ib. 307 b 28 . ní theilgset dáil ná dliged, 10 b 18 . rachunig ba fír in dál: a ainm arin cnocc comlán, Metr. Dinds. ii 72. 11 . meni digius guigfitir dala fer ┐ fírfaitir briathra ban, TBC-LL¹ 560 . in dáil adcluine así in cóir, Acall. 599 . da tísadh fo breith dála, ib. 2384 . is ann cachain in dail nasdadha do Gaidelaib, RC xii 116 . fuirech re dál rígh nime, ZCP vii 301 . mesrugud for dalaib Dé ní tarda nech for bith cé, ib. vii 307. 12 . i tucsin dála na ndéi ┐ derritiusa nimi robui sen, CCath. 998 . in cogar dorigneabair léigid damsa ar dáil, Fen. 182. 8 .—Prov. ferr dála ina deabaid, ZCP vi 260. 18 . dál báis sentence of death (cf. I above). tucsat dal (dail LL 299 b 45 ) báis ( dáil mbáis, CS 26. 10 ) forsin ríg, LU 118 b 35 ( Trip. 566. 25 ). tucsat na dúle dáil báis do Loegaire, LL 299 b 40 .—Here also: dal a talione .i. o eruic ...dal didiu arindi asrenar do cach iarna ngním, O'Mulc. 291 .

(b) an agreement, a contract, covenant; espousals; betrothal: dála gl. ceart daingin orra, Eg. Gl. 243 . dála .i. mionna, O'Cl. naidm a cor ┐ a ndála, TBC-LL¹ 2249 (YBL). dúle Dé darstánic dáil, Bor. 40 . dosgní didiu Concobur a dail (betrothal) le Subaltaine, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 43 § 6 . na deun banais iar ndáil o thús corghais go mioncháisg, Donlevy 116. 14 (with solemnity Donl.; with solemnity or public proclamation, as of marriage Dinneen s.v. dáil ; with this meaning still in use in Donegal).—Cf. athair dála he that delivers the bride or bridegroom to be married P. O'C. , the bridegroom's man O'Br. dáil statute, treaty, contract, covenant, alliance P. O'C.

V (a) A case, matter, affair, state, condition, circumstance : in dail eile fores é a leth acobar a geill aga fuasluga, Laws i 282. 27 . rofitir Ádam a dáil, SR 2029 . ba aingcess laiss in dál dodfánic, FB 58 . inniss dam gach dal ret leass co nderntar lim do leges, IT i 123. 16 . dal bróin is milti do Moen, LL 33 a 32 . sírechtach dál in bith cé, Ériu v 211. 5 . scarad friu bid dál éicne, ib. 210. 1 . ingnad dal (cheville) RC xiii 74. 3 . dál cen séna (chev.), ACL iii 295. 15 . dál arcanai (cf. mod arcanai, 298. 5 ), ib. 297. 11 . dál nad bine, ib. 15 . is dál deimin, ib. 28 . conad hé a saebforcetul sin fodera dósum dúscad cacha drochdála MR 166. 23 . innsaigeas hua Ainmirech im dáil nach dlig, ib. 158. 6 . ór thaitnid frim do dhála the manner of thee (O'Gr.), Acall. 645 . rob olc a ndála ┐ robuaildis mná, Anecd. i 46. 16 (D). in dails[e] ga trialltar lib, Fen. 350. 17 . uair is minic fásus irchóit desnadudh ┐ dimḟuirech na ndál nurlumh dogrés from delaying and procrastinating things always prepared CCath. 551 . do rédugad ┐ dordugad dhál eglasdacdha, ALC i 262. 29 . ná len don dáil fora tái do not persist in the course you are pursuing Aen. 580 . iar ccríochnucchadh a dhál ndoṁanda don iarla having settled his worldly affairs AFM vi 2234. 30 . iar ccor dal niomdha na leith having brought many other charges against him ib. 2142. 21 . gan dáil a rochtain for ccúlaibh without knowing whether they should ever return ib. 2358 , cf. mar nách biadh dáil imthechta aca, Celt. Rev. iv 206 . dobeir (cuirid) for dáil mbicc he makes little account of: doradsom for dáil mbicc ┐ for neiṁní fuighle na nuasal AFM vi 2124. 25 . rogabsom for neiṁsnim do denam de ┐ ica chur for dail mbicc ┐ for neimfni to treat it as a small matter CCath. 5014 . — tuc a ḟis lat gach dál fora mbiat, Marco P. 97 . iseadh is dáil dona mnáib this is the way with women Keat. ii 5323 . an fíreolas atá aga seanchadhaibh ar dhálaibh a sean, ib. i 104. 12 . dáil na foirne áitigheas í (sc. in críoch), ib. i 2. 4 . da madh linn gach ní ar domhan...folamh ár ndáil fa dheireadh, TSh. 167. 8 . do bhrígh gurab ionann bhur ndál, 105. 14 . ní thuigid ...gurab ionann dál don duine ┐ don ghort bheantar, 73. 24 ; similarly 4. 7 ; 4. 15 ; 7. 21 ; 21. 32 ; 65. 14 . dáil an pheacaidh, ib. 260. 8 . is iontuigthe gurab saobh an dáil don druing, 130. 11 . nó fós dáil na speile ag buain an ḟeoir, 73. 26 . ni hiongnadh an cholann do bheith tréith ré méid a duaidh ┐ a doghrainge óna dálaibh sin for these reasons 82. 24 . is minic ṁothuighmid duadh na dála sin ag buain rinn féin, 84. 18 . don druing rér bhean dochar na dála so, 152. 5 . gan anacal air ná dáil chabhra na chionn, 31. 25 . ionnus nach bí dáil chabhra na chionn, 254. 28 . dál nóentuma lot of virginity Metr. Dinds. ii 58. 12 . Probably here: intan rosiacht cusna dála dédenchu do when his last hour had come PH 6602 (but cf. deden-dal the last tryst); cf. s.v. déidenach, dídenach. Personified: slán riot a Ḟinn...slán riot a ṡárdháil na gcríoch, Oss. iii 256. 7 .

don dáil sin by this occurrence, on that account ML 8. 28 .

ó nach dáil innach dáil in any way: is nemphní ┐ is nemada lind tregdad in talman ó n.d. (o nach nd. R), Alex. 859 . ní chuindig nech fortacht o [a]raile innach dail (o nach mudh R), Alex. 845 . i ndeired na dála at the end, finally , a common modern idiom. Trí Préach. 7 . Páidín 15. 22 .

(b) circumstance, event, adventure, course, story : tánac dia innisin duitsiu mo dala chucutsu siar, LU 41 a 1 . is fuilled nága dála in da ingen, LL 297 b 3 . admaim ar in rechtaire a dhala in chlaidib the story of the sword IT iii 201. 28 . oca iarfaigid cindus douicemni dála geni Críst, LB 139 a 8 . Crístt mac Muire mó gach dáil (d sg.) ZCP vii 303. 19 . roinnis Fionn dóib dáil an echtra sin, Tor. Dh. Oss. p. 206 .

prep fo dáil, fo dála as regards, concerning : rochuir techta uadha go Cormac fo dháil na corma, ITS vii 61. 33 . fáitsine do dénam don ríg fo dala a ingeni, ML 154. 11 .

prep im dáil, im dála: dochuatar i comairle im dáil Stephain LB 229 b 7 . innis daṁ an ḟírinne um dáil an ṁacaoiṁ ITS v 164. 6 . nimdana...imma dala mo degríg, SR 2070 . is de bói in comthinól sin occo im dála na creitmi, LU 117 b 23 . nuchumtha ní rádim de im dala mic Deichtire, TBC-LL¹ 801 , 1484 . gnísit comuirle im dalai and óglaich, RC xii 80. 9 . um dala reatha na gréne, ib. xiv 365 . dorala do Andromacha aslinge dúaigh do ascain im dala a fir, TTr.² 1128 . mina abarthi fír frium im dála in chroind roḟalchubar, LB 232 a 22 . ata ingantus...acainde imat dalasu cindus rucad tu asin carcair, ib. 224 a 58 . indisidh in scél cétna im dála in claidib, IT iii 201. 30 . asin libar rosscríb imm dála na caingene fuil acaib, PH 21 . amal roscrib...imm dalai paisi ┐ césta himáigine Crist, ib. 28 . inní rofaillsig Dia dam im dála chuirp Stepháin, ib. 1487 .

Often only dála: dala immorro Eochada, IT i 122. 11 (= TE 8 , Eg.). dála na dá bhanchaointe, TBC-LL¹ p. 879 n. dála Ḟinn dobhér sgeula ós árd, Tor. Dh. Oss. p. 66 . dála an abbadh, TSh. 140. 1 . dála ríogh na Sorcha, ITS x 82. 5 ; 110. 8 , cf. ib. 76. 30 ; 84. 11 ; 88. 1 ; 92. 15 ; 114. 21 ; 170. 28 . Keat. ii 47 , 253 , 363 , 1262 , 3098 , 6071 , &c.

do dálaib: bae in rí fo glámaib gné: do dálaib a aislingthe, SR 3278 . do dalaib ind escra sin, ib. 3580 , is derb ní tuilter do de: do dálaib na comrainne, LL 14 b 14 (= do dhaltaib, BB 42 a 26 ).

VI Astrol. a conjunction : dail go soirb re seachtmad, MS. Mat. 72 .

PERS. Gilla na nóg mac Dál-re-dochair, ALC 1281 . LOC.: Cnoc na Dála, Dinds. 132 . Cnoc Dála, Sliab Dála, P. O'C.

COMPS. generally = meeting, assembly .

(a) attáil another meeting, another decision, ban-dál, dam-dál, deden-dál, deg-dál, dóer-dál, droch-dál, écen-dál, gó-dál, grían-dál, min-dál, mór-dál, olc-dál, ríg-dál, ro-dál, tiug-dál;

(b) dál-luc, dál-ṡuide, dál-tech, q.v.—MOD. dáil, g s. dála. i ndáil towards. dála as regards. dálta, dáltha mar just as.

delgánach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. delgánach or dil.ie/15366

 

adj o, ā. (delgán) prickly, stinging, sharp: risin dírim ndlúith ndelgánaig, LL 238a24 ( TTr. 576 ).

díḟrecra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díḟrecra or dil.ie/16267

 

Forms: dírecra, díregra

adj (neg. dí- and frecrae) more often written dírecra that which cannot be answered, has nothing corresponding to it (see O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 206 ). Hence in wide sense, incomparable, unparalleled, irresistible (?), immense, associated with adjs. denoting size or quantity; used of persons, things, actions, qualities both in complimentary sense and the reverse: rí direagra dímhór, Leb. Cert. 242 = difregraidi mor, BB 280b11 . fer dífreagra dímhór, BS 56.6 . aithech dub . . . dírecra dímór, Fianaig. 58 . ben Domnaill direcra duansech, LL 140a36 . la claind direcraid (sic) Daan, BB 244b40 . damraid dian díulaing direcra, Cog. 188 , cf. 178 . co faccae ní, in n-echrad ndirecra ndermór, TBC-LL¹ 5100 . slog dermāir díreccra demnu, FA § 30 LB. cathir direcra dīmōr (of Babylon), ZCP iii 18 . cumtach direccra [difreaccra, v.l.] dimór, CCath. 3433 . het[h]ar dírecra dimór (of Noah's Ark), SR 2444 . robhúail Moysi in muir ndifreccra ndīmōir, RC xxxvii 247 § 43 . cach mulchnoc dímor dírím direcra, TBC-LL¹ 2600 . a hinnaib colg ndēd ndireagra, BB 432a25 . stacci direccra dermáru, MacCongl. 63 . a ndorigni Dia . . . do fertaib . . . at direcrai díárme, SR 5716 . rucsat in tṡluaig tafond direcra forro, TBC-LL¹ 1451 . scel d.¤ , Otia ii 81 . dorcatu direccra, BB 240a41 . gorta dírecra, SG 406 . co ndathaib díregra (: fíregna), ZCP viii 203 . bolad direccra, PH 1589 . diucaire rodíreccra, 4338 . comlānius dermár direccra cech maithiusa, 4359 . diummus dírecra, LL 227b8 . drochciall d.¤ , 38 . rob iomdha tighearna . . . roba díḟregra brigh ┐ borrfadh, Hugh Roe 194 . Adv. déra dogniaadsan go dímór díregra , ZCP viii 216 .

? dilim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? dilim or dil.ie/16423

 

ind nac[h] d.¤ fil fon lamt[h]orad meit loighet, fil fon roid ┐ glaisine ┐ sep. Mad ruam in bruit, dirim bruit de, Cáin Ad. § 52 .

dírím

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dírím or dil.ie/16736

 

Forms: dirim, dirímh

adj (rím)

(a) countless, innumerable: dirim gl. innumeros, Gild. Lor. 234 . bá dírim leó in slúag, LU 3782 . slocht nd.¤ , SR 5102 . re slúag dírim , Fél. July 15 . buiden dírimh, TBC-LL¹ 5497 (St.). rancatar popul dírim ann as cech aird, PH 1122 . Fir Domnand d.¤ , Metr. Dinds. ii 46.19 . ní fhail cenn conní a ārim is drem dīrim , ACL iii 303 § 11 . drong dírimh dferoibh Ereann, AFM i 59 . Adv. roboi cáin Cormaic . . . co adbal ┐ co dirímh , ZCP i 472.4 .

(b) In wider sense of magnitude in general immeasurable, boundless, excessive: ri dorigne ilar mil | fond ḟairrce ṅdermair nd.¤ , SR 302 . is dírim failte muintire nime, FA 19 . ba hadbal ┐ ba d.¤ truma in chísa, ZCP xi 60.19 . ba hadbul ┐ ba dirim met ┐ aidble in craind, Grail 1459 . is dirím méit trocaire Dé, PH 6474 . ba dirim fúath Maic Murchada do lucht Átha cliath, Expugn. Hib. 23 .

As subst. d.¤ a tonn the multitude of its waves, CCath. 1240 . go rop hí tres d.¤ na tána 'na torchair leis díb one of the three uncountable things, TBC-LL¹ 4627 ; cf. 2656 . The phrase d.¤ slóig may contain this word or dírimm, q.v. See also dírraim, and cf. dirim .i. imad in gloss on dirmann, O'Dav. 653 . See dírma. a dirim slóigh, numerous host, CCath. 466 . RC xviii 290.4 (leg. dírim sluaig). tainic mac B. ┐ Dal cCais ina ndírim deighshluaigh, Cog. 216 . Cf. díríme.

? dirim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? dirim or dil.ie/16735

 

ind mad ruam in bruit, d.¤ bruit de, Cáin Ad. 52 .

díríme

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díríme or dil.ie/16737

 

( dírím )

I Adj. countless, innumerable, very abundant: tancatar popul dirime [as cech] aird, PH 1593 . dognid firta ┐ mirbuli d.¤ , 2169 . is d.¤ in-dernsat d'fhanamut, 120 . seódu imda ┐ maine d.¤ do thabairt doib, MR 12.15 . romúdhaigheadh drong dírímhe dUltoibh, AFM i 326.10 . tucsat bóraimhe dírimhe, iii 116.11 . cionnus dorala an bliocht dírimhe do beith agan mboin sin, BNnÉ 127.15 . Adv. rolád a n-ár co dirime they were slaughtered in countless numbers, RC x 185.4 .

II Subst. something that cannot be reckoned or recounted: issed tres n-dírime na tána, TBC-LL¹ 2656 ; cf. 4627 . tri díríme na tána, 4192 . is do dírimib na Togla an romarb Troil ┐ a ech do Grecaib, TTr.² 1548 . a countless number: dīrime di chonaib ┐ echaib ┐ mnāib, TBC-I¹ 2014 . atbathatar dírímhe don tslōgh, Moling 70 . doradsidhe d'ua Chonchobair dirimhe do bhuaibh, AFM vi 2140.24 .

dírimm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dírimm or dil.ie/16738
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ndírim, díraim

n, n., later f. (? dí + réimm), a s. a ndírim n-a., RC xii 74 . dírim móir, ix 466 . a ndí dírim , LU 6656 . díraim ( dírim , v.l.) f., g s. dírma, IGT Decl. § 10 .

(a) course, rush, onset: ra tricci na dírma, TBC-LL¹ 5064 (= ré dene in t-siobhail, St.). dīrim .i. dé-rém .i. rēim dēde, Corm. Y 741 . reda .i. carpat no dirim , ZCP vii 481 ( Enchir. Aug. 75a ). atáim fá dhírim mharcaigheachta ó sin a leith, Each. Iol. 38.27 . dirim .i. réim, Stowe Gl. 108 .

(b) band, troop, host: atchíu dírim tarsa mag, TBC-I¹ 1464 . ar nácha salchad dendgor in dírma, 246 . do fuitet tri fichit dib . . . Is de atā Ard in Dīrma, 2128 . lín atái . . . ragai hit brói dírmai, BDD § 29 . dul fo d.¤ inna mná to attack the woman's guards, TBFr. 402 . Cell Chorbbain . . . cus tathig dám is dirim , LL 201b1 . cona dhírim cléirech, Lism. L. 2881 . dirim demna, Anecd. i 54 § 27 . luid indala n-aí tar Tailtin inna dīrmaim, Trip. 70.29 . dírim cen chona a company without hounds, Triads 253 . it ána a ṅdírmann, Fél. Oct. 11 . gach dirim imo flaith, CCath. 4885 . bói mór dírimme ina fharrud a mighty cavalcade, Imr. Brain p. 21 . rocloiseat dírmand na tuath Tesaldai . . . forsin marcsluag Persecdai, Alex. 255 . cet marcach . . . im leith in dirma, YBL 136a47 . atá againn . . . dírim uaibrech d'fuil ghall, O'Gr. Cat. 374.22 . gluaistear leis . . . dirim laech with a band of heroes, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 360.10 . a ndirmanda diana daescur[sh]luaig multitudes of common soldiers, TTebe 2801 . na diormanna marcsluagh, AFM v 1646 . ro cuir Fiacha dírim marcach lais, vi 1920 . drong-dhior-, manna, 2120.28 . In n.pr. m. O Duibh dhiorma an tarbh tuilmear, 3 C 1 2, 165.3 .

See dírraim.

dírma

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dírma or dil.ie/16745
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dírma, diorma

n m. and f. (cf. dírimm) dírma m., g. sg. dírma, IGT Decl. § 2 . troop, band: diorma .i. buidhean, O'Cl. diorma a troop, Eg. Gl. 245 . rolā dirmae din chath imbi a troop of the battalion gathered around him (?), TBC-I¹ 3288 . co faccadur in mbuidhin da n-indsaigid ina da ndirma, Acall. 5888 . tuc a d.¤ sloigh leis, CCath. 1627 (see dírím ). sé 's a druth, ba dind dīrmma a goodly cavalcade, BColm. 88.19 . d.¤ suadh a host of poets, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 348.25 . díorma do dheamhnaibh, TSh. 5221 . nach mairfeadh . . . drong ná díorma ná duine don deaghshluagh, 683 . i ttréchumascc an díorma aga threórucchadh, AFM vi 1920 . go ro tharbluingset an díorma forsan ffaithche, Hugh Roe 50.23 . an dhíorma, 52.10 . a meodhan na ríghdhíorma soin, CRR² p. 78 . Of a single person (?): Berrach brec | ingen Cais Chuailgne nir cert, | robo rigan fuilt buide | ┐ dirma degduine, Acall. 2166 (= fa ben díla degd.¤ , Lism.). `a wife worthy a good man', O'Gr. Cat. (a host in herself?). 'na ndirmaib 'na mmorsluagaib, SR 3946 . dirmada dethsluagh, ZCP vi 49.12 . tancadar . . . 'na ndrongaib ┐ 'na ndirmaib, CCath. 949 . tainic . . . ┐ a dirmadha slóigh . . . ina farradh, 1483 . dirmada aigthighe na marcach Tesalta, BB 490b13 . as cuimhin liom gur chuir Éire na diormadh sin di (i.e. the successive bands of invaders or immigrants), Celt. Rev. x 140.32 .

dlongid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dlongid or dil.ie/17061
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dlongar, nosdedlai, nodídlastais, dedhlaistis, rondedail, rosdedlaig, rodloing, rodloingset, dluṅgsius, dlochta, dluige

v (the orig. paradigm in which -n- is confined to pres. stem later splits into two stems dlong- and dluig-. See Strachan, Verbal Syst. of SR, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 507 ). ind. pres. pass. dlongar, Ériu ii 4 . fut. 3 s. nosdedlai, SR 8348 (but see fasc. dedlaid). cond. 3 pl. nodídlastais, BDD 128 , 137 = no dedhlaistis , BDD² . perf. 3 s. rondedail, LU 3581 ( SCC 29 ). rosdedlaig, SR 7958 . rodloing, 3555 . pl. rodloingset, TBC-LL¹ 3810 . pret. with suff. pron. dluṅgsius, LL 116a24 . Pass. dlochtae fial in Tempuil 'the veil of the Temple was rent', Blathm. 252​​ . Part. dlochta. Vn. dluige.

(a) splits, cuts, rends: intan dotaet in cú tar sodhain conid [d]loing cnes no eetach .i. co ndluighi no co letrann in cnes . . . ina beolu, O'Dav. 1179 . ar ní dlongat íarngáesae íar ndul enech mac ┐ ráth 'for second thoughts do not tear apart [such contracts] after enforcing sureties and paying sureties have pledged their honour', Contract Law 150 § 23 . tri claidib . . . nodídlastais finnae for usciu they would split, BDD 127 . deich damu dagfedma dlongar (dlongthair, dlongtur, v.ll.) Herion uill by which is cleft (i.e. ploughed) . . ., Ériu ii 4 (glossed .i. airit they plough, ib.). Intrans. ba sé dlús n-imaric daronsatar go ro dluigset ┐ go ro dloingset a sceith a ṁ-bile go a ṁ-bróntib, TBC-LL¹ 3810 . co ndluigtis ┐ co ndlongtis . . . na catha comméiti comdangni risin dírim ndlúith, LL 238a22 ( TTr. 1574 ).

(b) cleaves or cuts away, sunders (from): aes ēcnaig, aes athchossain, | aes ind indlaig nosdedlai (God) will cut them off (?), SR 8348 . cadé lín a theglaig lib | rosdedlaig Dia dil dia threib?, 7958 . is de ná tic a hEmain | dáig na delba ron dedail, LU 3581 ( SCC 29 ).

(c) emits, sends forth (?): tamon dia n[d]loing bansrotha bard mbind .i. in tamon dluiges co hobond firsrotha na bairdne binde, O'Dav. 1203 . rodloing . . . | drong dremun dia n-irgabāil, SR 3555 = curid . . . drong . . . dia n-ergabail, LB 116b14 .

See also dedlaid, 1 dluigid, dlochta.

dramm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dramm or dil.ie/18567
Last Revised: 2013

 

n ā, f. (by-form of drem(m)): dram .i. iomad, O'Cl. ba dluim degóir d.¤ datta, SR 2831 . d.¤ de muir abundance (?) from a sea ('an (intoxicating) draught from the sea (?)', Ériu xxvi 2 n. 3 ; kenning for a poet Celtica xxiii 194 ) .i. is dírim in muir-se na hécsi, RC xxvi 20 § 53 and n. dáig dofuc a dairib draimm (: claind) (dramm, dream, v.l.), Metr. Dinds. iii 332 . in cach deg-amm don draimm (dreim, drem, druing, v.l.) `in every noble division of the people', 166 (: ¤maind). durmell dlugthe draimme duinde, IT iii 74.3 (with gloss .i. dreime).

fáilte, faílte

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fáilte, faílte or dil.ie/21119

 

Forms: -ái-, faelte, fáelte, ḟáelti, foilte, foilti, faeilti, foelti, faoilte, -á-, falti, fálti, fálti, fáiltib, failtedha, fáilteagha, fáiltighe

n , f. (fáilid, faílid). The -ái- of the Glosses could stand for either form. The diphthong is common in Mid. Ir.: ind faelte , LU 11020 . fáelte, 3306 . do ḟáelti 312 . foilte, ZCP iii 28.2 ( Rawl. B 512 ). foilti, Lism. L. 408 . faeilti, 2578 . Acall. 6901 . foelti, LB 3b40 . With rime: faoilte (: sgaoilte), Tadhg Óg Ó Huiginn, Studies 1924, 87 . Cf. failti (: Cailti apparently = Caílti), Metr. Dinds. iv 318.15 ; -á- is evidently intended in: falti, LL 262a30 . fálti, SR 6943 . LB 188a12 . With rime: failti: slainte, SR 1489 . fálti (Fortu-nāti), Fél., June 11 . fáilte (: -páirte), PBocht 19.3 . fáilteadhaibh (: báintealaigh), TD 1.14 . Joy, happiness: gl. gaudium Wb. 14d12 . beatitudo 19d22 . cid failte adcotsa ┐ dungneu, Ml. 92a17 (for dogní fáilti cf. PH 1904 cited below. Its meaning here is not clear). hilaritas Ml. 133c6 . nícon robae ní form acht failte, 104d2 . is failtigiud in popuil immefolngi failte inna ríg (ref. to laetitia) 43c6 . ni far mbrónsi immafolngi fáilti domsa, Wb. 16b8 . fáilte cáich bad fáilte dúibsi (gl. gaudete cum gaudentibus) 5d24 . atbert ... fris co fháilti moir ..., PH 1177 . ind fáelti chomlan fil dóib i nDia, LU 2658 . otconnairc ... a céli ro chíset ar fálti, 1696 . Often used of spiritual joy and eternal bliss: Basilla ... brethae úainn hi fálti was borne from us into bliss Fél. June 11 . co taitned in failte nemda ... for a gnúis (= laetitiam vultu praeferens) Lat. Lives 100 . cusin fhailte fhorordai fil cen crich, PH 8071 . in fáilte fil dond ernastaid spirutalda ina mbanernastaid [leg. ina b.], 3986 . denaid suba ┐ failte ar na sruthib ... sa do beth ocaib, 1904 . rochí I. ar fálti wept for joy 1566 . ro lasat mōrghāir ... ar fhailti fheghtha for P. `for joy of looking on P.' Lism. L. 524 . cíis B. ar fhóilte [ = fhoílte], BNnÉ 52.11 . nderchoined ... i timnaib De, foilte ... i ngnimaib deabail, ZCP iii 28.2 . dorinne an bhean obair ḟaoilte `an act of thanksgiving' A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 18 . do chuir ḟáilte ar croidhthibh cáigh | toisg na nIarladh, Ir. Monthly 1926, 475 . Of expression of joy: is besad leusom innuall in failte ho lamaib (gl. manu plaudere) Ml. 67b19 . As quasi-vn.: rosgab for foelti PH 235 . pl. (in concrete sense): ona fáiltib corpda physical joys PH 3574 . a failtib pardus, 4952 . na failtedha móra bātar isna longphortaib rejoicings CCath. 3731 .

With FRI (AR CHENN, DO) `joy towards' i.e. on beholding, hence welcoming: for transition cf.: catte ... for failte si [sic leg.] frinn ollim nobis facta? where is the joy you once showed on seeing us? (gl. ubi est beatitudo vestra Galatians iv 15 ) Wb. 19d22 . f.¤ fri noíbu to welcome saints 7b2 . is dírim failte muintire nime ... frisin n-anmain, LU 2124 ( FA 19 ). atracht P. i n-agaid Hiruaith co fhalti fris, PH 845 . dutiagar leu du failti fris[i]n ríg, Ml. 116b5 . condaaérsat do failti archenn a rríg that they may arise in welcome 46a12 . cia luag nomtha ... ar failti duit im churp chain? for welcoming (admitting) thee SR 1167 . atconnairc C. ... ic faóilti fris, BColm. 70.1 . Hence

(a) a welcome, greeting: falti fir connaig ascid sin that is the welcome of one who seeks a boon LL 262a30 ( MU² 61 ). rofer slóg Iuda ... fáilti fri Dauid ... ba fálti fóil, nirbo thrén, failti slōig mac nIsrahel, SR 6942 . tairisi liom in failte sin, TBC-LL¹ 2201 . is tairissi lind ind ḟaeilti sin, Acall. 6903 . táinic ... co faeilti moir fri Finden, Lism. L. 2619 . don Roimh mar rangatar sin | dob í a ffáilte arna faicsin | cluicc an bhaile arna mbúain féin this was their welcome when seen BNnÉ 283.14 . i dtaoibh m'ḟáilte (thy) welcome of me A. Ó Dálaigh i 6 . amail fuair ... mogh De faeilti ocut as God's servant got a welcome from thee Lism. L. 2577 . dogébtha faeilte thou wouldst be welcomed Acall. 7622 . tathut fáelte thou art welcome LU 3306 ( SCC 10 ). epert frissom rondbiad f.¤ libsi, Wb. 16b19 . rotbia-su fáilte, IT i 120.28 ; 99.6 . rodbia in failti sunda againni, Aen. 365 . boithus failte they were welcomed LU 10580 . baíthi ind faelte chetna he got the same welcome 11020 . pl., greetings: le fáiltibh ... ón airdrígh, TD 8.12 . go bhfáilteadhaibh chóig gcóigeadh, 1.14 . le fáiltidhibh fill treacherous welcomes TSh. 2116 . do-beir faílti (do) welcomes: ní ḟil ... ríg na tibre falte dún, IT i 73.11 . tabair fáilte ┐ aigidecht don fhoirind PH 5849 . dorat C. foilti dhó, Lism. L. 408 . do-gní f.¤ (fri) id.: dogní failte friu, LL 112b8 = IT i 99.10 . dorine B. foilti friu, Lism. L. 1278 . ní faeilti dorone friss, BColm. 96.22 . feraid f.¤ (fri) id.: fertha faelte fri Mongan isin taig LU 11045 . ro fer [Achimilech] fáilti fri Duid, SR 6190 . is í seo falti ferastar fris: Mo chen bithchen do thíchtu ... LL 262a27 ( MU² 56 ). ferais F. fáelti s[a]inredaig fri C. LU 3779 ( SCC 35 ). ferait Ulaid ... failte móir fri Conall LL 113b10 (= ScM. 15 ). do fer fáilte o Sgathaich ┐ uaithe féin risan macaomh, RC xxix 122.24 . tanic ... d'ḟerthain ḟáilti ra Coin Culaind, LL 262a26 ( MU² 55 ). cuirid f.¤ (fri, ré n-) id.: ag cur failti fris, Aisl. Tond. 122.28 . do chuiredar fáilte roimhe, Mark ix 15 . pl. do chuir failtedha romhainn BNnÉ 49z .

(b) a salutation: Failte an Aingil the Angel's Salutation (i.e. the Ave Maria) Parrth. Anma 126 . ag clos chluig na fáilte aingleacdha, 15.10 . pl. iós ionmhuin libh ... fáilteagha [dhḟaghail] ar na márguidhibh, Luke xi 43 . fáiltighe, Matthew xxiii 7 .

fo-ceird

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-ceird or dil.ie/22405
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: focertiti, fotcicher, nimchicher, -cuirethar, -la, focress, focreasa, fosci[u]rtsa, focheirt, fodosceirdi, foscerdi, foceirt, faceird, focheird, foceird, focertam, fuchertat, focherdat, focerdat, foscerdded, focherded, fochertitís, focerdaitis, fuscerdam, foncerddam, foceirr, foceirr, facherred, focher[r]ad, fochichur, —foíchur, -cichiur, focicherr, fotcicher, chiuchra, —foicher, focichret, foscichret, fasciugrat, fochichred, —foichred, fochart, focairt, fochartatár, fachartar, focertar, fochertar, fomcertor, focerddar, fucertar, focerdatar, fócerddetar, focherte, focertha, focicherthar, focichertar, —foic[h]ert[h]ar, fochichritar, focres, focress, fochress, focreas, focressa, rochres, rochress, do creasadh, bhacresa, facheirdset, —ar, focherdsat, fochertsat, —cuirethar, —cuiretar, cuirthe, cuire, cure, cuirid, —coirther, —corathar, —corad, —corastar, —corthe, —coirthi, —lá, láim, —raltais, —ral, —rol, —rolur, —ralór, laa, laa, —rala, láis, —rabhais, lam, —roláid, rrálat, rolat, lád, —roltis, róiltis, roláosa, rolaus, rodalláus, rollais, laa, ralasom, láeside, —ralae, corralai, láoi, rālastar, lasid, —ralsid, laset, —rolsat, —ralsat, —ralsatar, lafithir, cuirfithir, coraltar, —ralatar, coralta, rolaad, rollaad, rolathe, roláithea, —lathe, —latha, rolaitea, rosaralta, ralta, F., dofuarat

prototonic forms of this verb are found only in the fut. ( ni focertiti , CCath. 2830 is late, and phonetically irregular. Cf. fotcicher ... nimchicher, cited below, II (a)), in other tenses they are supplied by -cuirethar and -la; the —ro— forms are regularly from -lá both in pres. and past tenses. Cf. focress (.i. rolaad), Hy v 48 ; 72 ; 79 . focreasa .i. rocurid, Lec. Gl. 87 .

Forms: A ind. pres. 1 s. fosci[u]rtsa, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1859, 196 (< H 3.18, 75b ). 2 s. rel. focheirt (gl. seminas) Wb. 13c21 . fodosceirdi; foscerdi, LB 219a19 ; 26 . 3 s. foceirt, Wb. 32c11 . Trip.² 904 . faceird, Ml. 94c8 . focheird, LU 8848 . foceird, O'Mulc. 527 . 1 pl. focertam, Wb. 15b4 . 3 pl. (rel.) fuchertat, Ml. 93a25 . focherdat, LU 8848 . focerdat, O'Mulc. 527 . imperf. 3 s. foscerdded, Rawl. 113a1 . focherded LU 5005 . 3 pl. (rel.) fochertitís, LU 7031 ( BDD 67 ; focerdaitis Y). imperat. 1 pl. fuscerdam, Wb. 34a2 ( Ériu xi 136 ). foncerddam, LL 283a19 . subj. pres. 2 s. foceirr Wb. 13c24 . 3 s. foceirr, Laws v 320x . past 3 s. facherred Ml. 124b3 . focher[r]ad, Corm. Y 323 . fut. 1 s. fochichur LU 5761 (= —iur, TBC-I¹ 1290 ). —foíchur, LL 251b20 ( TBFr. § 24 ). -cichiur, BDC 112.138 . 3 s. focicherr, Ml. 87d6 . fotcicher, LL 147a22 . fo chiuchra , LU 4583 . —foicher, TBC-I¹ 706 (= —focher, LU 5184 ). 3 pl. focichret, RC xxvi 38 § 201 . LU 4462 . foscichret, LL 289b7 - 8 . Cf. fasciugrat, LL 119b26 (rhet.). sec. fut. 3 s. fochichred, LU 5291 . —foichred, 6822 ( BDD 38 ). pret. 1 s. fochart, LU 10987 . 3 s. focairt, TBC-I¹ 3656 . LU 3279 . Ériu ii 33.14 , 15 . 3 pl. fochartatár, LU 1735 ( RC ix 480 : Cf. fachartar, Ml. 64a10 ). Pass. pres. s. focertar, Thes. ii 249.10 . fochertar, LU 5018 (= focherddar, TBC-I¹ 529 . fomcertor, ZCP xv 301§4 . focerddar, Sg. 71a19 . fucertar Wb. 34a2 . pl. focerdatar, Ml. 96c11 . fócerddetar, TBC-LL¹ 6145 . imperf. s. focherte, LL 106b34 . subj. past s. focertha, BDD 85 D (focerta UY). fut. s. focicherthar, LU 7129 ( BDD 81 ). focichertar, IT ii 178.137 . —foic[h]ert[h]ar, ZCP xii 235.16 . pl. fochichritar, SR 8324 . pret. s. focres, Ann. Inisf. 2b8 . focress, Hy v 48 ; 72 ; 79 . LU 4618 . fochress, 7060 ( BDD 72 ; focreas Y). pl. focressa, LU 6924 ( BDD 54 ). The pret. pass. rochres, LL 77b19 ( TBC-LL¹ 2586 ), rochress, LU 6439 . do creasadh, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) ii 73.25 . bhacresa, H 3.17 ; Eg. ( TBC-LL¹ p. 367 ) is by Windisch referred to this verb.

Analogical forms: pret. 3 pl. facheirdset, —ar, TBC-LL¹ 3630 . 3712 . focherdsat, TBC-LL¹ p. 895 n. 11 . fochertsat, Hugh Roe 166.12 (f. 44b) .

B From —cuirethar: ind. pres. 3 pl. —cuiretar, BCr. 32b11 . imperat. 2 s. cuirthe, Ml. 56c5 . cuire, BCr. 32c11 . LU 10821 . IGT, Decl. ex. 460 . cure, LU 4784 . LL 279b17 . 2 pl. cuirid, Wb. 27b11 . subj. pres. 2 s. —coirther, Wb. 10a21 . 3 s. —corathar, Ml. 68b9 . ZCP xi 84.32 (= coradar, LL 294a1 ). past 3 s. —corad, LU 4724 . Metr. Dinds. iv 132.17 . pret. 3 s. —corastar, Ml. 39a3 . LU 4919 . LL 117b34 . TBFr. § 20 . Pass. past subj. s. —corthe, LU 4762 (—coirthe, Eg., —coirthi Y).

C From —lá: ind. pres. 1 s. níro láim , LU 4774 . (?) imperf. pl. 3 —raltais, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 41 § 31 . subj. pres. 1 s. —ral Wb. 7a4 . —rol, LL 251a39 . —rolur, LU 5225 . —ralór, 6875 . 3 s. ro laa , 4740 . mani laa , 4766 . —rala, Wb. 11b21 . Cf. coro láis , LU 1378 (a later -s- formation, like 2 sg. —rabhais ?). 1 pl. coro lam , LU 3781 . 2 pl. —roláid, LU 6874 . 3 pl. co rrálat , LU 6725 ( BDD 21 ; co rolat Y). past subj. 3 s. coro lád , LU 4616 . 3 pl. —roltis, TBC-I¹ 808 = róiltis, LU 5283 . ind. perf. 1 s. roláosa, 4791 ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr., ii 499 , takes this as pres.). rolaus, LL 147a41 . rodalláus, 249b40 . 2 sg. rollais, 251b14 . 3 s. ro laa , Sg. 75a4 . ralasom, Tur. 80 . ro láeside , LU 2928 . —ralae, Ml. 90c17 . corralai, LL 260b14 . ro láoi , IGT, Introd. § 4 . rālastar (: at-āgastar `feared') ACC 56 Comm. 2 pl. ro lasid , Wb. 15d1 . —ralsid, 15a1 . 3 pl. ro laset , Thes. ii 343.43 . roláiset, LU 7032 . —rolsat, Ml. 16d2 . —ralsat, Rawl. 164a48 . —ralsatar, Metr. Dinds. iv 144 . Pass.: fut. lafithir, BDD 81 Eg ( RC xxii 179 n. 13 ; cf. cuirfithir ib. n. 14 ). pres. subj. s. coraltar, LL 269a16 . pl. —ralatar, Laws iv 206.14 . past s. coralta, ScM. § 5 (corolatha; co ro lathea v.l.). perf. ind. s. rolaad, Wb. 13d9 . Sg. 153b6 . rollaad, Ml. 29c1 (second a over line). 44d2 . YBL 212b39 . cor laud, LB 60b31 . pl. rolathe, Rawl. 73b31 . roláithea, Fél. Prol. 41 (—láithe, —lathe, —latha v.l.). rolaitea, Fél.² clvii 7 . Cf. rosaralta (= frisa ralta ?), Ériu viii 156.22 . Vn. 1 cor, q.v.

I

(a) sets, puts, places (with FOR, I N-, IMM, etc.): focertar ... it bois is laid on thy palm Thes. ii 249.10 . fuchertat a laim íarna cúl who put their hand behind their back Ml. 93a25 . focairt dī lāim ima bráigit embraces him ZCP viii 311.14 . foceirtt lamae fair lays hands upon him Mon. Tall. § 66 . ní for fírduine rolaset a ṅgona `inflicted their wounds' (ref. to: in fer fordacorsatar | goíta, Hy v 66 ), Thes. ii 343y . benaid ... a cethri cinnu díb ┐ focheird for ceth[e]ora benna na gabla, LU 4799 . focherd in láech ... lossa ┐ lubi íci ... i cnedaib ... Con C. applies 6341 . focherdat i ndabaig; ... in dabach aile in ro lád, 5201 . is aire sein rolathe na da mac for Tibir, Rawl. 73b31 . fodosceirdi ... it beolu na mírenda `these morsels thou must put in thy mouth' MacCongl. 97z . focheird cach fer a brat immáraile, LU 7542 ( BDD 107 ). focheird fáthi n-imbi, LU 5748 . foruapratar ... in cathraig co ro lasat faithe fiangaiscid impe, Anecd. ii 54 § 16 . dolluid nél solas imme co corustar a beolu for talmain , LB 146a19 . alterutro .i. ní alteroutro ... issechtar rolaa a dilledchi ní immedón `'tis outside he has put (exposuit) its declinability, not in the middle [i.e. not `altero utro'] Sg. 75a4 . ni du choscrad in tempuil storidi ralasom `that He has put it' Tur. 80 (or does this belong to II? Cf. III). Iar mac N. ro láoi íarmbérla san nGaoidhilg, IGT, Introd. § 4 . ro láiset láma do, ┐ ron ergabsat, PH 3101 . Cf. frim gruad corcra ma chora | dom ruacht bochta fombera, Auraic. 5342 (`auch wenn ich Purpur auf meine Wange bringe' Thurn., ZCP xvii 292 ). F.¤ FOR AIRD displays, exhibits: na clesrada ... focheird Fer d. bar aird, TBC-LL¹ 3748 (= tuc St). 3757 (= cuiris a n-airde St). Cf. rolaiset na lama co lanard risna lannaib raised their hands aloft with the blades (?) Ériu viii 44.35 . plants, sows: mad grainne cruithnechte foceirr, Wb. 13c24 . conasrolaside (conid roláas v.l.; leg. condarolaside) isna hinadaib in robo dóig leis a nn-ás, Ériu iv 150 § 29 . ro-hairedh in mag ┐ rolaad sil cruithnechta ann, YBL 212b39 (= Ériu v 114 ). Of pitching (a tent), throwing up (a pile, mound), erecting, etc.: focress a phupall ... for Ailill, LU 4618 (= do A., TBC-LL¹ 390 ). focherdat a puiple icond áth sin, LU 5524 . do creasadh a phuball for an aird-rí, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) ii 73.25 . card ... fochertitis in tan ba n-orgain. carnd roláiset ... in tan sin they used to make a cairn ... (etc.) BDD 67 ( LU 7031 ). focherte a ḟert ┐ a lecht ┐ a lie, LL 106b34 ( Ériu iv 26 ). rolad a fert ┐ a llia la C., Ériu v 213.122 . tairsiu ... coraltar mo ḟertsa latt, LL 269a16 ( ZCP iii 3 ; coro altar, coro claidter v.l.). focres a fert ann, Ann. Inisf. 2b8 . ro ladh a lia ┐ a lecht ... ar Muig Rein, Fen. 140.1 . tri liic ... Conall C. roda lā `placed them' Ériu viii 156.29 . cuma damh ... cibe focher trillsi treph raises wicker dwellings CS 610 = RC xvii 168 (Tig.), Bruchst. i § 90 (see trilis). For: rolād trā a gāir guba ┐ a ḟert ┐ a lia, Ériu i 120 § 13 , cf. (h).

(b) throws, casts, often of missiles: sís fucertar cech ingor suas fuscerdam ni, Wb. 34a2 . corralsat sis anchoram, Thes. ii 328.41 ( Hy v Comm. ) = co ro laiset sís a n-ingir, IT i 39 (< LB 82 marg. inf.). amal focerdatar saichtea for naimtea, Ml. 96c11 . focherd ... G. saigit forsin anmunna, PH 6304 . fochairt a chroísig forro, LU 3281 . fogabatside in n-id focheird [focheard TBC2] Cú C. ... Fír ol F. Cu C. rodla, 4732 ; 4741 . ní théssid secce conda rala nech úaib co n-áenláim, 4809 . bágais Cu C. ... fochichred cloich as a thábaill forru, 5291 . nochon ḟetur ... ní frisi corthe in t-id `I know not ... anything for which the withe should have been thrown' LU 4762 . fucaird L. liic talma dō `cast a sling-stone at him' RC xii 100 § 135 . fochartatár íarom bunsaig ... isa leth i mbátár na finna, LU 1736 . focherded a líathróit ┐ focherded a loirg ina díaid, 5005 . cía focerta míach ... fora mulluch `though a sackful ... were flung on his crown' 6821 ( BDD 38 ). f¤ saile spits : fo-cresa saile (MS saili) ... i n-einech dúilemon 'the face of the Creator was spat upon', Blathm. 191 ​. focheird a saili forsin n-ailig = projecit Lat. Lives 57 . fochairt [a luathred] i n-alt in maro, LU 1725 . Cf. fo[ci]chiur (?) an īch issan sāile I will throw the salmon Anecd. i 73 § 207 (= nan-cuirer, v.l. ruscurius, RC x 88.11 ). ro láithea for bíastaib `they have been cast to wild beasts' Fél. Prol. 41 . With cognate acc., or advb.: fochichursa aurchor dait, LU 5761 . tuc som a láim fon deil cliss dó ┐ focheird rout n-urchair úad TBC-LL¹ 1270 . focairt imroll missed his aim LU 3279 . ni focertiti imroll les, CCath. 2830 . F.¤ IMMUDU, IMMACH throws away, loses: is cor roda lláus immudu it is a cast wherewith I cast it away, i.e. I have lost it TBFr. § 13 . fon-rollassat immach a lloeg they lost her calf Irish Texts i 7 § 24 . frithe ... sleibe, da trian do fir fodngaib ┐ aentrian ... do neoch foceirr amach, Laws v 320x . F.¤ CRANNCHOR (CRANN), F.¤ AR C. casts lots: rollaad crannchur foir, Ml. 29c1 . focres crandchor forro dús cía díb lasa ragtha i tossoch, LU 6879 ( BDD 47 ; —creasa Y). co rolaset chrandchor inter se, Thes. ii 328.41 ( Hy v Comm = co ro laiset sortem, LB 82 marg. inf.). roláiset cranncur cia dib dia roised in flaithius ar tus, D IV 2, 77 [71]rb10 . focerdar crann eturru dus cia de beres ..., Laws iv 172.9 . focerdat crann iman agh mbeo dus ci ..., 102.11 . co rolaa ar crandchar and cia dia teccema a coimet, YBL 156a23 . See crann and crannchor. Cf. berar mucc ┐ ag ... dóib, ┐ apar friu a mmunter féin da n-irgnam dóib. foscichret i crandchor, RC xiii 444w ( LL 289b8 ).

(c) casts down, overthrows: dobeirsi dí láim friu ... conda ral[a] fón ṅglend pitched them into the valley LL 279b20 ( SG 414 ). Cf. doriacht Cethern ... acus focress in dunad ┐ in longphort foraib ┐ noṅgonand cach imme, TBC-LL¹ 4261 (= fosnobairside iarum tresin dūnad ┐ gontaiseom sochaidi, TBC-I¹ 2761 ). F. TAR CEND upsets, prostrates: is mór ríg ralā dar cend, Hail Brigit § 20 . atnagat a ṅgol ... co corastar na daíni ... tar cend, TBFr. § 20 . ro láiset ... a tech tar a cend, LU 1507 ( MU² 1003 ). Cf. fosceird dar a cend ┐ sí marb she falls down dead LL 117a29 (= RC viii 62 ). Cf. II for constr. Fig. is e ro lá dar cend ar forcetulne PH 1686 .

(d) F.¤ A, DE throws off, expels; drops, sheds: rolaad cech alt as a choir dam (gl. totus resolutus sum a campage membrorum) Ml. 44d2 . amal foceirt nech a aetach de Wb. 32c11 . foceirt a chocal de throws off his cowl Trip.² 904 . focertam fíal diínn, Wb. 15b4 . cuirid díib in nere se (gl. deponite ... de) 27b11 . (of a bull:) fochéird de na tri .l. mac nobitís oc cluchiu fair, LU 5330 . .xx. fer focherd de expelled 5819 . foceird a athair mac ingor a horba (.i. ada cuirid ... as in fearand), Laws iii 52.17 . faceird dia aicniud drives him from his nature (gl. perturbat) Ml. 94c8 . focicher don nirt i ttá `will hurl him from the power in which he is' BNnÉ 307 § 29 . is and roláset na bae a n-adarca díb LL 166a18 (= oralsat, BB 408a44 . con rallsat, Dinds. 123 ). cor lasat a n-adarca `till they cast their horns' Dinds. 16 . (cf. and sin ro chuirset na búair a mbenda, Metr. Dinds. iv 224 ). See also (e). is and rola C. in cennidi dia chinn, ScM. 15 . do láoi don chróisigh a ceann | gearr do bháoi an cróisin gan chrann, IGT, Decl. ex. 577 . F.¤ TAR: focheird úir da luib taris (of a bull ploughing up the earth with its hooves) TBC-LL¹ 1490 . Similarly: fócerddetar in n-úir thairsiu 6145 .

(e) puts forth, emits, sends out: focertar fíadain leó are sent with them LU 8869 ( FB 66 ). na rre ... focerdat in bech saithe `when the bees send out a swarm' Laws iv 172.13 (glossed: i cuirid beich ... uaithib). focherdsat na draoithe gaotha draoidhechta ina ndéoidh, Leb. Gab.(i) i 254z . do neoch fo-cheard doman de `all that earth brings forth' Ir. Review 1912, 248 . an dā each ... rolasett fa sech ri sliab, BColm. 90.4 . rolaad gairm escaire for naomaib hErenn `a call was made on' 54.21 . cuire huait, BCr. 32c11 (gl. tolle opp. to adde). Cf. di[a]ndrala huait CXVIII dofuarat latt ... (gl. tolle Kalendas, remanent CXX) Bvi 74 (`subjektlos,' hence 3 s., Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 499 ). gur láoi ioth, KMMisc. 168 § 5 .

Cf. focress di grán, mass a méin (om. comma and render: its ore was sent from a goodly grain ?), Metr. Dinds. iii 120.16 .

(f) launches (a boat): rolaisead a curach for muir, RC xxvi 136 § 8 . Cf. focerd a luing ... sech Eirinn soir `steered his vessel' Lism. L. 252 .

(g) In various figurative senses corresponding to above: ní rolsat som cumachtae ṅDé diib did not cast off the power of God Ml. 16d2 . focertar side ... hi selbad ind fir sin `is thrown into the possession of' 30c3 . i n-oena focerddar ┐ dofuasailgther cach áram (gl. omnes numeri ex [singulari] componuntur) Sg. 71a19 . is illeith Duid ... focert a n-ugturras refers (ascribes) their authorship to D. Hib. Min. 4. 131 . nach breth dobeirthe co Conn, foscerdded Conn cucisum, Caratnia § 1 . ro lá gach oman de, Leb. Gab.(i) i 198y . cach eccomnart ... romfarraid ... ro laas dīm fom cumhang, BNnÉ 301.2 . raráid A. ná curfed P. de in n-athis ... coro ralad tria chath ... do denam fri Grécu, LL 228a34 ( TTr. 818 ). in feil bis for luan focertar for mairt the feast ... is transferred to Tuesday LB 9b46 ( Rule of Tallaght § 10 ). o atraracht Crist a bás rolaad in cháisc iarom for dómnach was transferred to Sunday KMMisc. 146.5 . abbair fris, ní corathar a ḟlaith eter rindi gaí, ZCP xi 84.1 . foncerddam il-leth ar Tigernai let us entrust ourselves to our Lord LL 283a19 . Lism. L. viii . nícon béosa fot chumachta-su bas ire diandum roib forsa rol mo greis, TBFr. § 22 (`if I have anyone under whose protection I may put myself' Ériu xi 94 ). Cf. forollat for do greiss that have come [? put themselves ?] under thy protection Ériu viii 173.18 . See Mary Byrne, Ériu xi 94 ff . rolāsett each an dru[i]th ... for greis in aesa imthruimm, BColm. 90.5 . Cf. rotog ... gach dechnebar dib a menmarc do naemuib E., ┐ rolaiset fora muinteras ... ┐ rolaiset forro ainecrus a n-indtige ┐ a n-imtechta co toirsitis E., Lism. L. 2073 . do neoch doraega ┐ ro laí ina muinteras, LU 1393 (cf. II below). rolaite for coindmed cach naidchi they were quartered out every night YBL 209b46 ( Ériu v 236 ). focerd a n-oman cach tuaith `it casts every tribe into dread' Fianaig. 12 § 19 . ma cuaird focheird a toimsi it is measured by the circumference SR 169 = ima cuairt ... focert a tomus, Laws i 28.25 . rolasid súil torunn you have taken our measure Wb. 15d1 . 15a1 . ní ro láim súil toraib isind fid `I cannot cast my eye over them' (i.e. cannot see them all together) LU 4774 . tíagait ... co rolsat súil tairsiu ┐ ba dírim leó in slúag, 3782 ( SCC 35 ). Cf. o ralathur suil dar cach, Ériu ii 229 § 8 . focheird airdmius forsin lorg makes an estimate of LU 4788 . roláosa ... fomus forsa nī sin, 4791 . Mael S. ... focheird síth ima sen-mag `spreads peace' Metr. Dinds. i 44 . With DO of person: offers, grants (to): cid dam focerdta roga | nogegainn mo choimthoga if I were given my choice ZCP vi 267 § 11 . focres rogu do Mug Ruith do thírib Muman viii 314.19 . ro lád roga dóib, LU 8720 ( FB 54 ). With FOR of pers. lays, imposes (on); bestows (on): rolā cāin forsna clanna, Hy i 52 ( Thes. ii 306 ). cáin Patraic ... fucres for cach claind, Trip. 214.1 (2518) . turfochruic flathu foceird for doim `which he grants to an indigent person' (one of the seven bestowals not recoverable by distraint) Laws v 264.16 . rolá bricht forru cast a spell over them Metr. Dinds. iii 388.27 . F.¤ COMAIRLI takes counsel; plans: focres comairli ic lucht na cathrach cidh dogentais, CCath. 920 . focressá comairle léo cinnus dogendais ..., 130 . Cf. focresa cro comairle ┐ cindti comraid ac macaib S. Ériu viii 56.9 . F.¤ COR, CUAIRT turns, twists, makes a stir; goes round; visits; searches: nocon foicher cor dia chind riut will not turn his head towards thee TBC-I¹ 706 (= focher, LU 5184 ). na curid cor díb do not stir LL 259b20 ( IT i 67 ). focheird C. cor n-íach n-eirred de, LU 9119 ( FB 87 ). focerd Fergus cor conidralai for tech mbecc, IT i 144.4 (= do lá F. cuairt, ZCP v 501 . Cf. luid C. ┐ B. du chur cúarta fofúaratár óentech, LU 10579 ). focherd a suilchor issin tig casts a glance ib. IT i 144.16 (= foceird luathchor dá sūil isin tigh, ZCP v 501 ). oral cúairt fuiribsi that I may visit you Wb. 7a4 . asbert M. ... ar a n-indled a noi carpti dí coro lád cor isin dúnud, LU 4616 . regmai coro lam cor imón slúag, 3781 . ro lá curu in gaeth ... im Inber ..., Otia ii 82 . coro lá cor immán rigthech, LU 8381 ( FB 25 ). luid ... corralai cor imma techsom, LL 260b14 ( IT i 74 ). fochichret cuaird in domuin will go round SR 8088 . cia leith focheird a chainchuaird, 1198 . rolá cúairt hÉrend fo thrí `he made the circuit of Erin thrice' Metr. Dinds. i 16.30 . Cf. fochress cach cúaird imm alaile don díbeirg fri éitsecht in scéoil arranged themselves in concentric circles LU 7060 ( BDD 72 ). See 1 cor, 1 cúairt. focheird cor tra do menmannaib araile cid foruair, etc., the minds of some are exercised by the question, what caused LB 212a66 ( Alex. 1014 ). F.¤ COR makes a contract or agreement: cor focerdcar [sic] seach aga fine `a covenant made without the knowledge of the chief' Laws iv 60.12 . cor foceird baeth fri gaeth, iii 6.19 . dā cor focerdaiter fri hechlacha, iv 58.24 Comm . nach cor ... focerdtar for aes forngaire, ZCP xiii 23.23 ( Bürgschaft 11 § 37 ). inge secht n-uasalchuru nadat asu do thaithbiuch neochma rolatar [sic leg., ZCP xvi 271 ], Laws iv 210.2 . fo bith nand asu dichenglad cor mbel inneochma ralatar, 206.14 . coro-lasat a curu bliadain fri D., Dinds. 22 = BB 363a6 . With ellipse (cf. i): flaith foceird fri anflaith, Laws v 358.7 (expld. in Comm. p. 360 as one who accepts stock from an unlawful or extern chieftain). Cf. focerd fri flaith n-eachtrunn, ii 286.5 Comm . Similarly: focerd a mainche fri eagluis (= makes a contract of service with? See mainche) iii 68.5 . Eochaid mac O. focheird cuindlic [ = cuindilc] ┐ a hocht brathair E. and his eight brothers make a pact Anecd. iii 61.15 . focartatar coindi[l]c ib. 30 . ┐ focheird a ḟoesam ┐ a oentaid fris, Fél. 132.25 (see fáes(s)am). cach cor ... cach idnucul focertur forsna urgurtuib sa (.i. cuirither resin lucht ro urgairustur dligedh cunnrud do denum), Laws ii 290 ( ZCP xiv 376 ). Cf. is mōr ríg frisrala cor currech Corpri ... `whom the Curragh of C. has overthrown' [? to whom ... has plighted itself] Hail Brigit § 16 . F.¤ BEDG makes a leap, jumps, springs: focheird bedg cuce springs at him LL 260a41 ( IT i 72.19 ). rola Cu Ch. bedg de tresin mbudin, LU 1517 ( MU² 1015 ). focherdat in miolcoin bedg i mBrei, TBFr. § 5 . focheird Cu Ch. tri bidcu ina ndíaid, LU 5795 . See bedg, and cf. do-cuirethar. Cf. ni fuailfed focheird inti | luaithred M. `no motion in it made the ashes of M.' Metr. Dinds. ii 62.5 . F.¤ SCÍS rests: arrallsat scis a tig rig, YBL 13a21 ( Snedg. u. Mac R p. 12 ). Cf. lotar hi tír do chor a scísi, Trip.² 376 .

(h) of sounds, noises: utters, makes; raises (a shout, cry): focherdat ... gāir foa cheer him LU 8849 ( FB 64 ). focheird osnaid sighs LL 371a8 . ro lasat gáir mesca 259b15 ( IT i 67 ). biasta ... fochichret gaire garga SR 8060 . focherd srainn snores BS § 27.1 . focerd ilach cheers Laws i 244.6 Comm. focertitis ualla mora ┐ grithghairi `uttered great yells and howls' RC xiv 46.2 . baili i ralsat Gaill grithgair, Rawl. 164a48 = ait i rrollsat G. crithgair, LL 185a44 ( Arch. Hib. ii 85 ). roláadh gáir móir and, TTr.² 1640 . dia ralsatar fíanna faíd `raised a cry' Metr. Dinds. iv 144 . focheird fáid ... cloc bind, Auraic. 5131 . foceird fit ... frissin n-escmogin hisses at O'Mulc. 527 . Cf. for braigtib rig foceird feit (of a sword) LU 1042 ( ACC 101 ) = LU 9673 ( ZCP iii 214 ). fochartatar a ndord n-impi, LU 7850 ( BDD 141 ). a ngloim ro lásat na tri .l. curach oc tuidecht hi tír (the noise they made) LU 6935 ( BDD 55 ). Here perhaps f.¤ grith: (of weapons on a rack:) ro lásat grith co mbátár for lár in tige, LU 6936 ( BDD 55 ). (of swords, etc. tossed by a juggler:) fochartatár grith immi co mbátar for lár in tige, LU 7560 , 7568 ( BDD 109 , 110 ). foceird armgrith mór a rrígthech the house clattered (?) LU 8203 ( FB 15 ). (of a regiment:) an armgrith rolāsad oc teacht ind rēimme, TBC-I¹ 3221 . fochertar armgrith mór leo .i. mac sethar ind ríg do folmaisiu a báis, LU 5018 . rola Temair tri crithu [leg. grithu ?] di ┐ rolaiset na sluaigh ... ┐ roláset primdingnai Erenn uile, Anecd. ii 7.19 . Cf. f.¤ dírna, below, III.

(i) performs, executes, wages: f.¤ cath, etc.: fochartatar ... an [leg. na] coin cocluiche `the hounds had a coursing-match' RC xii 72 § 43 . secht catha raláe ma thīr, LL 44b33 (= ro ládh mun tir, 380b41 ). desin rolád ... in cath for fál F. `hence was fought ... the battle at the fence of F.' Metr. Dinds. iii 346.97 . gur laoi is Oilill cath Cláraigh GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 168 . With FOR of defeated side: in cath ... rolá for leith Chuind, Metr. Dinds. iii 200.17 . With FRI of opponent: co róiltis glied fris, LU 5283 . Cf. anaid sund ... conid rolursa frisin fer n-ucut till I tackle that man LU 5225 . mad comáes nod corad fris `had it been his match in age who opposed him' Metr. Dinds. iv 132. 17 . DO: focerd gliaidh do Aen. 2505 . Cf. focichret for collaib coin congala, RC xxvi 38 § 201 . co rrálat a ndíbeirg for firu Alpan, LU 6725 (`that they may wreak their rapine on the men of A.', Stokes, BDD 21 ). co rrólsat a ndibeirg lais, LU 6729 ( BDD 22 ). f.¤ ár (with gen. of obj.) slaughters; overthrows in battle: fochiuchra for tiugára, LU 4583 (= con curfe, TBC-LL¹ 290 ). focerddat a n-ár ┐ marbait in ríg, LL 242b5 ( TTr. 1910 ). cor muidh for Gallaib ┐ cur ládh a n-ár, RC xvii 351.20 (Tig.). co rolládh a n-ár etir ergabail ┐ marbadh, 355.26 (Tig.). rosceastar sliabh nEthna sruaim tened ... gu ro lae ar daini ┐ cethra ann, CCath. 854 . co ráemid for Gúari corro lad ár cend and LU 9605 . focerdded ār ceann and, BB 428b29 . Cf. co rolad ár mór dib and, Ann. Inisf. 19a14 (988) .

II Used to take the place of an intrans. vb. of motion.

(a) in older lang. in impers. constr., often with inf. pron. obj. (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 310 ff .): facheirt in alios sonos `it puts itself [ = passes] into other sounds' Sg. 4b6 . fosceird dar a cend ┐ sí marb she falls down dead LL 117a29 (cited above, I c). This is evidently the same construction as that in: arnach corathar immoth ... dia seirc that he may not become stupefied from love of them Ml. 68b9 . Cf. dia corastar Saul foir isin nuaim i mboí when S. chanced upon him Ml. 39a3 . bec nacham ralae i nderchoíniud I almost despaired 90c17 . (Cf. becc náchimrala húathbás, BDD 87 Y, where DEU omit becc). ni foichred cnoi díb for lár not one nut would fall LU 7329 ( BDD 97 ; ni rossed cnú díb lár, Eg.). focerd F. cor conidralai for tech mbecc ann, IT i 144.5 . foscerd iarsin i n-araile indsi `they land' RC x 72 (foscairt v.l.). foscerd do inis they come to an island Anecd. i 56 § 45 ; fosceirt, 59 § 74 . dochuamar a tir sunna, ronla a nuaim in Ciclopdai `we landed here and went into the Cyclops cave' Aen. 154 . is and rolasi co Cathbath, LL 259b26 . YBL 109b37 ( IT i 68 ; rolaad sí, Eg.). foscerd ... imonsech fo c[h]osmailess luathrinde they are whirled round (of three opposing sea-currents) Corm. Y 323 . nosuighfedh cid Erind focher[r]ad ind, ib. fotcicher i súan | nimchicher i súan thou wilt fall asleep. I will not LL 147a22 ( PRIA iii 548 ). nach duine rodacuala son foscerded i cess, LL 126a18 . focerd E. i ces a ben do eludh `it grieved E. that his wife had eloped' Ériu xii 188.7 . foscichreth uili i ndāssacht, Ériu ii 136.1 . amal snechtae fosceird i robāne `which is cast into great whiteness' 130 § 99 . fosceird iar sen a muir naill, YBL 6b45 (= focheirdat ass iar sein hi mmuir n-aill LU 1887 ; see section b below). foscerdsom ína cotludh they fall asleep YBL 5a21 = fochairt inna cotlud, LU 1801 . Cf. srethius fair ... in slig conid rallá ina chomsudiu, LU 5148 . rolá didiu i socht ... Mac D. Mac D. became silent ScM. 3 . roslá i socht na hUlto, 9 (= rolá socht mór forra R). focherd A. i serg de A. falls into a wasting sickness LU 10730 (TÉ). ge robatar longphorta slog in domain i n-athfoccus don tigh sin ni rolae tigerna in tige i snimh ... uair ni rabattar ... innmassa occo, CCath. 3337 . is ann sin ro láa [rogabsat; ro ba v.l.] curudha ... for tocbháil a fedhma catha, CCath. 2016 (cf. section c). Cf. ni rola imroll mo urchur cussindiu, LU 3281 .

Exceptionally to express completion of action: ic coistecht fris dóib uile coro láis in tasfénad sin do dénam, LU 1378 (= con roisc, LL 280b32 , corroisc, YBL 120b25 ). Cf. rolāi dí had achieved ' Fianaig. 46 § 9 .

(b) Somet. with reflex. inf. pron.: foscerdat inna buidne form ranks LU 4684 , cf. ro lasat i ndrungo ... ┐ buidne, BB 414b10 . Cf. TBC-I² 246 n. 211 .

(c) hence as intrans. vb. denoting indefinite motion (though some of the following may be corruptions really belonging to section a). lit. and fig.: is and fochichersom ar gním n-aithergaib [sic leg.] `he will resort to' BDD 102 c , (cf. CCath. 2016 cited in section a). focicher crú tria chnessaib blood will burst through skin (?`ich werde Blut ... springen lassen' Wi.) TFerbe 648 . focertat i suan co cenn tri la fall asleep RC xiv 46.17 (cf. YBL 5a21 cited in section a). focherddat Ulaid chuci, LL 124a25 ( Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 ). focerd C. a magh mor a aenur `C. found himself on' [went in to ?] IT iii 195.3 . focherd i tracht romra comes to (= anchors in) Anecd. ii 15 § 8 . focerd in long i roibi S. ┐ lenaid for carraic ` struck ' Aen. 1010 . focairt chos in Duind C, ar adairc a chele alighted TBC-I¹ 3656 . focaird forsin cuanlocht na mac tíre came upon the wolf-pack ZCP viii 310.40 . Cf. ar chribais il-leirg ... daceird [focheird v.l.] [my dog] comes upon a pig (?) IT i 162.4 ( LL 208a12 ). fochard and Morrigan ... do tascc an catha `proceeded to proclaim' RC xii 108 § 166 .

Cf. rolaus cian i cein | ar do charait i mbrōn, LL 147a41 ( PRIA iii 548 . Supply cuairt ?).

III In the following idiomatic constructions

(a) with AR (cf. II): ni áil dúib á iarfigid arna rala for cubus áiri lest it distress your conscience Wb. 11b21 (Thes. takes `for' as prep., comparing: act ni roib ní for cocubus, 30a16 ). focerd a chubus som ar tomailt torith na muindtiri `he exercised his conscience about eating the produce' Mon. Tall. 77 . ni ralá do cless n-airiut cosinnocht never troubled (?) thee LU 7562 ( BDD 109 ). ní arná corad mo chiall | arna fordulu no tíag it is not that my mind heeds not the strayings (= that I am not acting intentionally ?) LU 4724 . Michél ... focheird mo menma airi `M. ... my mind is set on him' Ériu ii 92.6 .

(b) In the following the vb. seems transitive: focairddsi menmain for in gilla set her heart on RC xxv 346 § 2 . ní foíchiursa mo menmain for óclach n-aile, TBFr. § 24 . ro láeside menmain fora macsom, LU 2928 . Cf. ráthaigis E. aní sin ┐ focheird a menmain airi she considered it (= was puzzled by it ?) LU 10743 .

(c) focerd dano menma in coca thairis cur bhá slan a sechtmain the cook forgot him (?) till a week passed Lism. L. 1997 .

(d) f.¤ for weighs on, grieves, vexes: na cuirid fortsu sin ... uair fogebum uili in t-olc sin grieve not for that BB 445a37 ( Mer. Uil. 10 ). ralágh [prob. for ro-lá] ... cumha a banchéle for an ríg coma ... imeslān é, ZCP xiii 197.12 . bai aenfer ... fornar laessat na cumscaigthi mora sin `whom those great commotions did not affect' CCath. 1086 . atcuas doséin a mhac do epilt. rolá fair go mór go mbaí hi siurcc, AFM vi 2218.20 . (of rain:) ba moa rolá for muintir Uí D. na frossa ferthana ... inás for ṡlógh an Gh., 2034.2 . ar a mhēd rolā fair gan a ṡlogh dia tharrachtain, Hugh Roe 252.29 (67b) .

ba fou fachart[at]arsom it was for that that they applied(?) it Ml. 64a10 . Cf. ni du choscrad in tempuil storidi ralasom `it is not of the destruction of the ... temple that he has put it (gl. non id ille dixit quod illi dicunt Comm. on Marco P. xiv 58 ) Tur. 80 . ba dō fachairtsam son, ar nicontissed aridisse, RC xi 444.3 (= ba do focerdsom anni sen for Coin C. fodeig arna contissed ..., ZCP iii 247.1 ). (Expl. of cruimther as transl. of premther:) in Bretain ... it ē dorintaiset ┐ is anni as premter dorintaiset. is fair iarom rolaset legnidhe na mB. annīsin: amail is lomm, etc. Corm. Y 211 (= is fáei ... latharsat LB; is foi ... rolasat HM. O'Don., Corm. Tr., renders LB `accordingly the literati of the B. explained it'). ni cian rollā for dāla did not long delay (?) SR 7651 .

(e) f.¤ dírna di = scares (?): fochérd dírna mór din tslóg co luid Medb día chosc, LU 4685 . atracht in slōg uile ara chind ┐ rola dirmae din chath imbi oc teacht isin telaig TBC-I¹ 3288 = ro lá dírna dina cathaib ┐ dina sluagaib ac déscid in láich sin, TBC-LL¹ 5391 . See Hermathena 1931 p. 4 , and cf. f.¤ grith I (h) above.

foíded

Cite this: eDIL s.v. foíded or dil.ie/22838

 

n m. (later vn. of foídid. Cf. foít) the act of sending: do foídiudsiu im dāilse (my) having made a tryst with thee LU 10760 = do ḟaideadsu, Ériu xii 168. 26 . Isu Crist do fhoidiud on athair, PH 4905 . Lebarcham do ḟaidiud ar cend Con Culaind co Dún ṅD., LL 262a8 ( MU² 35 ). ro ḟorcongair forra ... dírim ... marcsluaigh d'faoídheadh uatha, AFM vi 1978.3 . Exceptionally departing: oc foíded dia spirut uad, LB 229b11 .

1 lín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 lín or dil.ie/30233

 

n u, n. and m., GOI § 309. Also perh. o, cf. g s. l.¤ , Ériu viii 156.z .

I

(a) full number, complement (in numbers): da ḟer déc ba sed a lín-saide, TBC-LL¹ 4530 . dam ochtair a lin, Dinds. 134 ( RC xvi 141 ). tricha buiden l.¤ Maic Con, Fianaig. 38.1 . co lion a muintire his full following, Leb. Gab.(i) 200.26 . líon a thionóil `in full muster', Aithd. D. 3.8 . Note also: ní tet cuach lan tar a lion a full cup holds not more than its measure, ZCP v 487 § 13.

(b) Followed by gen. of noun or vn. number sufficient to perform particular deed, full complement : l.¤ aigh enough to give battle, Irish Texts ii 62.39 . ni ḟail do slogaib ocut l.¤ t'anacail enough to protect thee, RC xiv 426.25 . lin annlaicthe a filed féin, Irish Texts ii 43 § 23 . líon baisdidh anma ort, Aithd. D. 26.17 . ni thalla impi do lin na sochraidi a tabuirt i tech fer fingaili, Ériu ii 116 § 47 . l.¤ catha enough to give battle (freq.): cen l.¤ catha imbi, LU 4826 . líon catha ón chonair do chuaidh / re homhain sluaigh Lacha Laoigh, L. Cl. A. B. 235.127 . ó nách rabhadar líon catha do Chonn, ML 26.20 . mar do chonncadar na Cruithnigh gan iad féin líon cathuighthe ris, Keat. ii 1779. Cf. nirthá do l.¤ na h-adbor cathugud frisna barbárdu, LL 220a25 ( TTr. 221 ). ní fhuil líon a gcoisgthe go ceannsa no power can subdue them, DDána 111.18 . líon a gcomhairmhe `their full number', Duan. F. ii 68.12 . lin a co[e]mthechta do gres `the full number of his usual retinue', BCrólige 26 . líon coinne `in full muster', Aithd. D. 38.25 . líon creiche ar chách do choimhéad `enough to hold the prey against all', Ériu ix 163.10 . cath móna daire Lothair / co líon cuirthe sufficient number to fight(?), L. Cl. A. B. 17.6 . lion faire meic Muire `sentry-guard', PBocht 12.43 . líon feadhma sufficient number for a feat, L. Cl. A. B. 222.61 . líon gliadh . . / fá Bhrian 'na mbeithribh cróda battle-host, 88.29 . l.¤ a hithi, Celtica iv 24.318 . cath . . . for laechraid Lagen l.¤ orggain (leg. orggan, Ed.), Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 33 . lin a sharaighthe, Ériu ii 130. y . gan líon síoluidhe d'fior / d'fagbháil a nEirinn iodhain sufficient men to propagate, Duan. F. ii 226.20 . l.¤ a trascartha, LU 4990 ( TBC-I¹ 501 ). líon a tógbhála, ML 2.18 . l.¤ a urgabala, TBC-LL¹ 981.

Freq. with vbs. of motion, assembling, etc.: ce tára nech l.¤ a blad / ro bad ferr lim tairisem, LU 3927 ( SCC 44 ). berair he l.¤ a chuimrig ┐ a chométaid a dóchum na Sabrainne `bonds and guards and all', MacCongl. 25.12 . imma-lluid l.¤ catha, Fél. Aug. 23 . dochuaid Aenias in la sin a cend seda lin a choblaigh `with all his fleet', Aen. 2408 . an líon do-chúaidh sibh a sídh, IGT Decl. ex. 1103 . in l.¤ long trá tanic cach tuisech, LL 232b48 ( TTr. 1162 ). dul líon cabhlaigh d'ógbhaidh na Spáinne don Scitia `with a fleetful of the young men of Spain', Keat. ii 637 . luid Liath l.¤ a maccaem, Dinds. 126 ( RC xvi 78 ). luid . . . Cir l.¤ a sluaig cosin Scithia in full force, Rawl. 74b46 . techt . . . l.¤ a ṡloig sa ṡochraide, Cog. 104.z . co tísam l.¤ bas lia, LL 220a29 ( TTr. 223 ).

Preceded by prep. I and poss.: dírim atchiu-so don dun . . . inall.¤ , ZCP iv 34.3 ( RC xxiv 144.13 ).

Used predicatively with substantive vb.: forond l.¤ atám hi Cruachnaib Ai, LU 8621 ( FB 46 ). atám[ai]t-ni . . . d'feruib feruinn agat-sa . . . lín do c[h]ongbala go cend bliadna, Fianaig. 68.19 . ni fhuilim lin tachair daib I have not sufficient numbers to contend with you, TTebe 2145 . o nach raba lin trodai no tecmala do tabairtt do Chondachtaib, Ann. Conn. 1409.7 . o nach raibhe l.¤ tegmhála friu, ALC i 378.20 . gé taoi lín eachtra 'n-a n-éagmhais `though thou art strong enough without them', Aithd. D. 24.18 . teccaid clann R. . . . an líon báttur co cill ch. `with all the troops they had', AFM iii 222.14 . do bhídh oide an airchinnigh / l.¤ troidi do thromchoindimh, IGT Decl. ex. 1199.

II

(a) number in general sense. great number, of persons multitude : Bran . . . co l.¤ glond `with many deeds', Hail Brigit 24 . cía l.¤ , Críth G. 582 . fer . . . / co l.¤ crechta fora chnis, LU 4547 ( TBC-I¹ 58 ). ciá l.¤ ro lá insé / inn úated nó in sochaide, LU 4746 . forland líno, 5657 . l.¤ m-band m-balcbúada, 8289 ( FB 22 ). di cech l.¤ ronalt a húair, Hail Brigit 15 . is ed in lin marb dlomus, Ériu viii 123.10 . fo l.¤ laithe mblíadnae, Fél. Prol. 296 . ní fes ca lin idrocair, Cog. 8.7 . cá l.¤ do marbh mo dalta d'feraibh Érenn, Comp. CC 116.7 . for galaib aenḟir no ar linaib fer forndul in single combat or in battle against great numbers, Ériu i 116.28 . ni guais deit no lat do l.¤ , Irish Texts ii 32 § 11 . dob e ar líon ar tteacht or tticch, / coicer ar ceithri fichtib, ZCP viii 219 § 13 . dobeir bennacht for Patraic / forul a ll.¤ , LU 9489 . is lí sula l.¤ ar slúaig, 10850 ( Ériu xii 180.17 ). cure airdmius . . . tarsin slóg . . . co fessammar l.¤ in tslóig, 4785 . co l.¤ ilach, Fél. Prol. 106. trúag d'Ultaib co l.¤ garta, LU 3544 ( SCC 29 ). ceithri lina isan indsi . . . / óca ogbuith . . . / rigraidh righna, Anecd. i 60 § 80 . agad leigheas go líon gceird `being cured by numerous arts', Duan. F. ii 70 § 15. Cf. ciapa lin ciapa nuaite `whether it be manifold or single', BCrólige 57 .

In chevilles: l.¤ cert, SR 3373 . iar l.¤ chor, Metr. Dinds. ii 54.13 . lin a tuir, SR 4471 . línib sess, 1513 . linaib gal, 1543 . linibh gal, Celt. Rev. x 347.22 . linib glec, ZCP viii 119 § 37 . línib dindgnai, Metr. Dinds. i 132.47 . linibh cuire, AFM i 532.5 . linib la, Ériu xvii 46 § 39.

(b) As quasi-relative as many as (Lat. quot): ind ldín file isund `those who are here', Mon. Tall. 77 . atgníed din died notheche din tich allin nombid con ngalur ann he knew from the smoke which came from the house how many were ill in it, RC iii 344.12 . all.¤ ló fil for cassal do chochaill, all.¤ peccthach do dul dochum nime as many . . . so many, Trip. 398. 23 , 24 . a ll.¤ laa bís issin bliadain issé l.¤ fer no bíd hi tegluch Conchobair, Ériu iv 26.2 .

(c) Legal party: atait secht lina a tuaith toingthi for righ rechtaid, O'Curry 2188 ( Eg. 88, 7a ) = O'D. 1706. See also under III.

III In g du. dá lína of both parties, both : in cumscugud bís hi cechtar da lino `in each of the two', Sg. 162b2 . dus ce da lina no do gella, Laws i 192.14 . cipe dallina inidicoimge `whichever of the two parties commits injury', iv 168.19 . dofuittet tri fichit díb di cechtar dá lína, LU 6667 . gell adcobra cechtar dá lína, 10835 ( TE 9 ). ferthair iomairecc ettorra . . . cechtar da líona, AFM iv 750.18 . Common in phr. díb línaib both, on both sides, etc., see .

Compds. ¤ḟíaclach having many teeth as personal epithet: Lén l. mac Bolgaig, Metr. Dinds. iii 260.18 . Leand Linḟiaclach mac Bainblodha Banna, Anecd. ii 4.6 .

méit, mét

Cite this: eDIL s.v. méit, mét or dil.ie/31852
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: mét, méit, méite, méid, méd, méid, méda, méit, meid, méti, méit

n (see Thurn. Hdb. 179 ) f. n s. mét, Ml. 64d7 , 87d9 etc. (usual O.Ir. form). méit, Wb. 19d23 , cf. 14a3 , Sg. 30a10 . a d s. méit. g s. inna méite , Sg. 151a5 . In later Mid.Ir. and Mod.Ir. also with non-palatal final & somet. masc. méid f., IGT Dec. § 14.17 . méd (lethan), m. g s. méid, méda, § 38.11 .

Greatness, magnitude (of size, quantity, number, extent, degree); somet. inabsol. sense oppd. to smallness, but more commonly indef. denoting size, etc., in general whether great or small. méit, gl. magnitudo, Ir. Gl. 922. ar meit (magnitudine), Ml. 48c10 . ho meit (mole), 81b4 . huan méit (granditate), 122a13 . inna méite (quantitatis), Sg. 151a5 . hi meit ┐ lagait in greatness and smallness, 26a11 . delb mesarda iter mét ┐ laigit, PH 1968. fon lámthorad méit loighet whether great or small, Cáin Ad. § 53 (advbl.). is i a meid .i. mor ┐ beg, Auraic. 676.

I As subst.,

(a) of amount, extent, degree, folld. by part. gen. or DE: co rofessed méit for serce, Wb. 14d16 . mét ┐ trummae ind rucae, Ml. 87d9 . ar meit in gníma, 48c10 . iar mét a pectha, 77a7 . is dirím méit trocaire Dé, PH 6474. for mét a phéne, LB 154b6 . co méit noíbe, Fél. Prol. 6. co mét ṁbuafaid, TBC-LL¹ 3092. figlem, lēgem . . . cach i mmeit a neirt each according to his strength, ACL iii 314.7 . re ro-met a n-itad, Cog. 52.15 . co ngloir ┐ anoir na meti-sea (= cum tanto honore et gloria), PH 4477 , cf. 4485 . Méit menman high spirit, pride (see 1 menma): leag seol do mhéada menma, P. Bocht 96 § 2 . In alleg. npr.: mac Genna maic Cuitbiudha maic Meite-nach-modh (i.e. excessive greatness or arrogance?), Anecd. ii 57.2 .

(b) of physical size or stature: íar méit chorpdai, LU 2558 ( RC xxv 238 § 9 ). ni ra bi la Ultu láth gaile rosassad leth méite fair who could come up to half his size, FB 91. i cionn a sé mbliadan déc | do ba lór don mhac a mhét, SG 65.3 . ro sháraigh na uili macu ar mét, RC x 188.3 . ra gabastar muad-chloich méti clochi mulind of the size of a millstone, TBC-LL¹ 3728. ingantach leo a roi-mhēd (of a fish), Fl. Earls 64.26 . g s. as attrib.: coica ech dergdond sith-méti of great length and size(?), TFerbe 10 . sluag . . . scíthméite (i.e. so big that it would tire one to count), Metr. Dinds. iii 256.

(c) of number: la mméit inna n-imned, Ml. 95b13 . co méit míle many thousands, Fél. Mar. 17. ba he met in chomthinoil . . . da espuc dec ar tri cetaib, PH 573. rambia fot sáegail ┐ mmed clainne, Ériu ii 210.15 . ni fuil airim ara med do cleirchib, RC xviii 30.33 .

(d) exceptionally in concrete sense: cid ara ndernsat Greic in met romor ut int ech, Aen. 462 (= molem hanc immanis equi, Aeneid ii 150 ). Cf. fer meite coimse `of small means', Laws iv 352.18 Comm. ropo ruiri co ro-méit, LL 127a51 `with exceeding greatness', MacCarthy 154 § 1 ).

(e) common in chevilles: met cath, SR 7235. met gal, 1507 . met rath, 7325 . méit búadae, Fél. Jan. 16. méd n-amm, Metr. Dinds. iii 198. mét snúad, ii 68 . met n-anḟis, Ériu iv 92 § 5. mét barc, LL 8b22 = med mbarc, BB 31a53 .

(f) cia m.¤? how much (many)? cia mmeit (gl. quanta), Ml. 25c4 , (quantum), 26a10 . ce mét aimmser how many times , Sg. 25b16 . ni fetar a rím . . . ca med ros-ordaig Dia pian adbul, PH 7329. ní idir mé gá méad lá, Dán Dé xxii 7. gá mhéd uair doríne an ghoid how often , Mac Aingil 176.19 . cá mhéad ní-sa mhó ná sin how much more , Proverbs xi 31.

II In various stereotyped or idiomatic phrases:

(a) is í (é, ed) mét, with gen. such is the greatness (amount, etc.) of: issí inso méit inna failte, Wb. 19d23 . hisí mét a suidigthe (gl. adeo), Thes. ii 11.40 ( BCr. 18b9 ). ba he mét a n-omain co na boi oen-duine díb cen cretem, PH 2481. ba he med na dochraidi co mba hecin etc., RC xxiv 190 § 1. Similarly: isid méit, Sg. 30a10 . is heid méit, ib. 14 (both gl. quantus).

(b) ní ed a m.¤ (folld. by subord. clause) not only , used in Glosses to transl. Lat. non tantum (solum): ni ed a met demnigmi-ni ar ndligeda not only do we confirm our sayings, Ml. 35b1 . ní ed a m.¤ nad [anad MS.] robae etugud Dǽ desom not only was there no jealousy, 32d10 . ní ed a m.¤ foilsigther ind inne, Sg. 211a10 .

(c) atá de méit (with gen.) so great (much) is . . .: roboi du meit a pecthae-som combu uisse a n-epeltu so great were their sins, Ml. 98c6 . ata do meid a sherce agum co mud duthracht lim feis les so much do I love him, Aen. 679. biaid do met a fergi so great will his anger be, Cog. 94.11 . bá dethbir són ém ce robaí do mét in chotulta boí do mét na athscísi it was natural that the length of (his) sleep should be proportioned to (his) fatigue, TBC-I¹ 1820 = TBC-LL¹ 2471 , where the construction is confused. ata do met is luigtech in dobriathar so weak is the adverb, Auraic. 4232. With poss. pron.: ferais tromṡnechta . . . ┐ baí da mét co roiched co formnaib fer, TBC-LL¹ 625. atá dha mhét d'ulc dorónais . . . nach saílim, etc. thou hast done so much harm, Acall. 3563.

(d) is méite it is much, it is of moment (= Lat. rei interest)? with neg. ní m.¤ it is no great matter; it is not surprising ? ni meite bid machdad forgare forru, Sg. 161b12 ; `not so very wonderful would be command to them' edd. Thes. ni méte dúibsi ni coitsi[d] frinni, Wb. 17b32 (context obscure, prob. corrupt). ní méti do-som an déicsin andiaráid sin, BDD 109 (for suggested emendations of both passages see Ériu x 191 ).

is méite lim(m) I deem it much, of importance; I desire? ba méite limm ni scartha friumm I would fain thou hadst not parted from me (? gl. desiderans te videre), Wb. 29d8 . másu oénadaig . . . fesi dam-sæ la Líadain, | méti la láech nod-fiad | ind adaig ní archriad a layman who would spend the night (with L.) would be fain that it did not wear out (?), Liad. and Cuir. 20.6 . meti [lim] ni badam beó | d'ingnais rig Maige da cheo I had rather not live without, LL 276a41 . meite lais na raitéd in talmain amail sige séig, MS. Mat. 473.4 = meti les no raited in trogain sín sighi se[i]g `he sped over the earth like the darting of a hawk', RC xiii 222.15 . médithir lem na [leg. no?] tairissed cuil . . . form' íarcómla for a déni, MacCongl. 85.6 (where Meyer emends: midithir) may be a reminiscence of this construction (= it would have been all the same to me if a fly . . . had alighted on my posterior?).

ba méite it would be desirable, fitting, natural: bá méte ná cotlad nech oc á imrádud, LU 1368 ( RC xxi 378.11 ). ba méite cach cride rod-car con-bóssad 'it were likely that every heart that loved him should burst', Brislech 668 . bá méte no beth i scélaib . . . a ndoróni Hechtoir, TTr.² 947. (folld. by cond.) ba méte leo ná fagēbtáis a ndoithin debtha co forcenn mbetha . . . Ba méite leo . . . no brufitís múrv na Trói (= it seemed to them they could never glut their desire for combat?), 1465 . uair is e cetna bescno . . . ba mede co mbad leithiu quam gach mbescna it were natural that it should be more comprehensive than any (other) speech, Auraic. 34. méte ann ó chách gan a chleith it were not likely it would be concealed (?), Keat. i p. 192 (poem). ba médi consnaidfi in tíag (= be sure to take great care of), Arch. Hib. iv 204.13 .

For a discussion of the phrase: is (ba) méite, folld. by a dependent subjunctive, see Ériu x 190 - 2 , where Bergin takes it as = it is (would be) likely .

(e) in méit, folld. by rel. clause, as much (many) as; those who (whom): in met fuil o talmain corice suide (i.e. the distance), Laws i 28.17 Comm. in file . . . acras in mhed na dlighenn who claims an amount to which he is not entitled, 58.17 Comm. in met ata a n-oghacht dibh as many of them as are unmarried, ZCP vi 26.19 . na gnéithe . . . nach cóir a ttús chomhfhocal ┐ an mhéd nach cóir 'na ndeireadh those which are incorrect at the end, IGT Introd. § 2. grádhuighim an mhéid grádhuighios mé, Proverbs viii 17. do sgríobhadh na méide a fuaras don tsenchas to write all I could find, MS. Mat. 554.18 .

Similarly with poss. pron. or cach: a méad do lean Lúiceifear, Dán Dé v 12. gach mét do ghairdechus dorinnedur ann, ní féttur a innisin the amount of rejoicing . . . cannot be told, RC xix 146 § 122. gach meit bhias for nech dhe sin, is moidi a anoir leo-som the more of it (tattooing) there is on a person, Marco P. § 119. gach med do arachtus doni the greater your prowess, Aen. 2898.

III As adv.

(a) in méit (acc.) so much, to such a degree: in méit so (gl. adeo), Enchir. Aug. 70a ( ZCP vii 480 ). in meit so (tantum), Ml. 65d5 . in meit se (tam), 93b2 . Sg. 42b6 . Similarly with prep.: arun méit se ni cuming (tam non potest), Thes. ii 6.31 .

(b) méit (acc.?), folld. by subst. in acc. or later gen., as big as = méitithir: dosbili . . . méit gamlías; súili . . . méit chore, FB 91. méit cliab [cleib v.l.] buana in dosbili as large as a reaping-basket, BDD 97. in da míol . . . mett telach no cenn sleibi cechtar de, IT iii 237.76 . anmanda . . . méit eich aighnigh, Anecd. i 53 § 23. Cf. ba meti cend fir in chnú, LL 116b18 . Similarly mé(i)t is: rícisi teneadh . . . met is fiadubla, BB 382b10 . meit is ri habraid a derc (.i. chommeit ri cori), IT i 163.1 . ( LL 208a16 ).

(c) as rel. adv. introducing a subord. clause, as much as, as far as, to the extent that: meit atan echtrainn (= quanto externi sunt), Ml. 72d15 . meit as sochmacht as much as it well can, Thes. ii 2.32 ( Acr. 5d4 ). met nad frithbeir (quantum non obsistit), 36.27 , cf. 19.32 . meid ataí-siu ac cessacht ḟorm-sa, TBC-LL¹ 3695. Similarly with art. or poss. pron.: in mét beta firién in doini, is in méit sin is téchtae doib dilgadche in proportion as men are righteous, forgiveness is fitting for them, Ml. 56a20 . in meit ba glan a chorp . . . is e méit bá glana a ainimm, PH 469. is e a mét ros-lín oman so greatly did fear possess them, 1121 . ba he a mét ro raid so co n-ingantaigtis `such was the force with which he uttered this', 6589 . as e a med ro thuaircset he, Aen. 2329. a mēt rohsantoig nem nār | nach tēt grād inn altōir ūad so much he longed for heaven that love of the altar never left him, ACL iii 306 § 6. beith mar bhím a mhéad as meise mé féin as long as I am myself (i.e. alive), Dán Dé xxiii 17. With prep. ar: is de atberthe in siriti de ar a met no delbad i n-ilrechtaib, FB 75. ar a mét ra thálsat na halma a loim because of the abundance of milk the herds gave, TBC-LL¹ 1591. ni erchoitigfet [na demna] duit ar a mét ro imgabais iat, PH 8342. ar a mét ba forbailid lais in áirc . . . do thorachtain so great was his joy at the arrival of the ark, LB 130b8 . Cf. on meid adaimter i trebad `since (? to the extent that) he is recognized', Laws v 284. 29 , quoted by O'Dav. 1261 with gl. meit .i. uair because (a mistaken inference).

(d) cech méit in proportion (as): cech méit is moo in onoir i mbi nech, is í sin mét is guasacht dó (= quanto maior honor, tanto maius periculum), PH 4114. cach mét ro fhás in gorta . . . is é mét ro erig menma . . . na crechaired, LB 154b18 . Similarly: nach mét bes n-ire ó Adam (gl. quanto posterius quisque), Enchir. Aug. 86b ( ZCP vii 485 ). cacha ra ba di mét a thurse great as was his fatigue, FB 85 (= ce ro bai do meit a toirsi, Eg.) is a contamination of this construction and II (c).

(e) in later lang. with art., folld. by subord. clause, in so far as, inasmuch as, because: dogeb-sa ó Día, an meid as dalta damh é, co ticfidh a trocaire air since he is my foster-son, BCC § 314. an mheid nach lor leat … sinde do bheathughadh, Carswell 2073 , see also Éigse ix 5 . ionnas gur ttugadh, an mhéid gur dhuine é, díol ceart do Dhia inasmuch as he was man, Ó Héodhusa 55.16 . thug [Dia] úghdarras dó . . . an mhéid gurab é mac an duine, John v 27. gurab é an tAthair is tosach don Tríonóid, an mhéid go bhfuil, ┐ gurab uaidh do geineadh an Mac inasmuch as He exists (i.e. is Being), Eochairsg. 38.23 ; 76.23 . With art., followed by agus (ocus): an mhéid agas go bfuilmaoid ar ar dteagasg lét easbul naomhtha, Carswell 1067 . an méid agas go bfuilmaoid diumdhach dhīnd féin, 845 . in mhéid agas go raibhe sé 'na Dhia, 469 .

(f) dá mhéid however great, much (late): is beag gach sochair dá mhéad, Content. vi 188. dá mhéad bhios ag cor 'na cheann no matter how many are against him, xxviii 58 . dá mhéid eagna ┐ neart bhíos aca, TSh. 3500. an tí chuireas a dhóigh i nduine dá mhéid, 618 .

See also méitithir.

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