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acra(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. acra(e) or dil.ie/232

 

Forms: acre, accrai, acru, agra, acrad

n io, n. Later f. vn. of ad-gair. a s. acre, Wb. 9c20 . g s. accrai, Laws v 372.7 . d s. acru, LL 353a76 . agra f. IGT Decl. § 3 . Verbs § 47 . Later also acrad.

Act of suing, prosecuting, bringing an action, urging a claim; action, suit, process (with gen. of the matter of the suit and FOR (AR) of the person sued): tagra quasi dagra .i. dā n-agra bīs ann, Corm. Y 1259 . acra gl. actio, Ir. Gl. 869 . ní bethe fria acre, ye should not be seeking redress for it, Wb. 9c20 . ce na (= no) betha ac acra ar nech dul ara nurlainn, Laws iii 252.19 . gu nach urasa cin d'agra for a tigernaib `it is not easy to sue their lords for trespasses', iv 222.1 Comm. cach foghail do genu se . . . ciamad ail a nacera for aite `though one should wish to sue his fosterer for them', ii 170.4 Comm. ni bi acraidi faesam .i. nocha bi a.¤ athgabala don ti bis ar faesam neich . . . .i. fer bis for faesam ní tualaing acra the person who is under protection may not be sued? i 102.x , 104.24 Comm. ticfa d'acra a dala `to prosecute his cause', 6.22 . do buing agru ericc suing exacts compensation, ii 14 z . featactain agra na ratha `attempt to sue the surety', v 226.31 Comm. fethem . . . agamsa dot agra sa, i 294.7 Comm. ma docuaid in grad feine d'acrad in graid flatha, 112 y . acrudh do dénum ┐ indliged do denum oc in agra sin, ii 66.9 . ni tuasluce nach suire . . . bes isle agra bes uaisle enech, 36.z. ac acra uatha suing from them, v 120.30 . ai naccrai the matter of the suit, 372.7 . fuil setaibh acrai inerce `a wound (inflicted) in the cause of levying a payment due', Ériu xii 50 § 63 . ag agra goidi ┐ braidi when suing a case of theft and plunder, Laws v 42.18 Comm. acra bor[b]luchuis, ii 16.7 Comm. cuir ┐ cundartha . . . d'acrau forin conair fugill is cert, Cóic Con. 20 § 13 . fer na hagra the plaintiff, O'D. 570 ( H 3.17, 440-1 ). di ēis ind fir acrai, ZCP xv 322 § 15 n. 1 . ae an fir acra, Laws v 306.10 Comm. soiri domnaig . . . gin acrai gan brethemnus, Anecd. iii 21.4 . nócon ainfe ingrimm ┐ acrae dííbh ca bráth, Trip.² 2218 . frithchuires dím accra olcu amhuinsi, ZCP vi 258.4 . gabais M. . . . ic acra a cor, LL 221b27 ( TTr. 330 ). itú ic triall a acrai ḟort I am suing thee for it, LL 14136 . lucht a éaraca dá agra orra to sue them for his eric, ML 132.7 . badur . . . og agra a comairci ar in rig they were demanding the king's protection, YBL 172b20 . teid dagra a shlana ar O'nDomnaill to make claim on O'D. for violating his surety, L. Chl. S. § 17 . dolluid . . . Lactain . . . do acru in gníma sin co flaith to complain of that deed, LL 353a76 . gan a bhás d'agradh ar neach `not to demand retribution from anyone for his death', Keat. ii 5192 . d'agra airdchíosa ar Chúigeadh Laighean `to exact', iii 3082 . ag agra fhiach claiming a debt, Dán Dé xxvi 12 . ro bhaoí ua N. ag agra blaidhe don dúthaigh fuair Niall ó Domhnaill on righ, AFM vi 2350.7 . ná ro cumhaing Ua N. an fearann dagra ó chert, .14 . an lá thiocfas triath na n-aingeal d'agra a chéasda sa chroich, A. Ó Dálaigh xliv 9 . oca agra (sic leg.) gurbhó dalta dhósom ó Domnaill `urging', Hugh Roe 48.10 (fo. 13a) . do brud . . . in domain . . . is d'acra ar a cend `to take vengeance on it', Cog. 180.4 . iomdha agra nach admhaim `many charges I confess not' (i.e. do not plead guilty to), Dán Dé iv 3 . gach agra dá bhfuil againn ┐ gach leathscéal dá bhfuil agaibhsi, Maguires of F. 74 . báttar . . . ag aighnes ima naccarthaibh for aroile they were disputing as to their claims, AFM vi 2166.z. teit accra ann, an action lies in that case, PH 7612 . Cill Baird i Laignib ní agra i.e. undoubtedly Mart. Don. xxxix 16 . Of the thing claimed: re h-iarraid na hagra, MR 264.11 . Of challenging in battle: cenn cosnama . . . Erenn ar uaill ┐ ar agra, MR 96.3 .

3 co

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 co or dil.ie/9788
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: co, co, co n-, cu, có, go, gar, ɔrici, coni, con(n)á, connar, co-ndum-fel, conom, condidtuctis, conidtuccid, conid, condin-roirea, Condubtanicc, condibfeil, con-da-r-íccad, conda-tuárgabusa

conjunction (a use of 1 co, GOI 554 ). There are two forms, co, leniting, with abs. and deut. forms of follg. vb. ( co chutrummaigidir, Ml. 25c12 ; co du-fess, 44a9 ); and co n-, conj. part. See GOI 145 , 299 , 312 . Also cu, Ml. 89d16 , 139a14 , có, 142a1 . In later lang. go (gur), gar, Mac Aingil 4671 etc. See Blathm. 26 note . co n- freq. abbreviated ɔ in earlier lang. even where nasalizing n would not normally appear, e.g. ɔrici, Wb. 33b18 , ɔticfad, TBC-LL¹ 963 . Somet. even with con in full: con ropu, Ml. 67c9 . Cf. ɔṅdárbastar, Sg. 211a10 . See GOI 554 , TBC-LL¹ p. 1099 . Neg. of co is coni ( coní, Sg. 209b13 ), of co n- con(n)á etc. ( GOI 539 ). connar bo, TBC-LL¹ 2548 . go nach beath, DDána 74.68 . With inf. pron. ( GOI 258 ). 1 s. co-ndum-fel, Wb. 3c38 . condomarrgabad sa, 17d14 . conom thicisea except me, LU 8368 ( FB 24 ). 3 s. m. n. condidtuctis, Wb. 21c21 . conidtuccid, 11 . conid chuale, Ml. 20a2 . 1 p. condin-roirea, Wb. 29b16 . 2 p. Condubtanicc, Wb. 5c10 . condibfeil, 24c4 . 3 s. f. and 3 p. con-da-r-íccad, 4d19 . conda-tuárgabusa, 26d10 . an frim céin córda sille, LU 3907 ( SCC 37 ). conda tucsa, Fraech 278 . For forms with copula see 1 is (I 307.61, 310.9 , 39 , 311.44 , 312.45, 313.4, 16, 21, 49, 65, 314.22, 33, 315.11, 23, 65 , 317.76, 318.58, 319.12, 63, 75, 320.48, 83 321.3 etc.).

On usage see GOI 342 , 554 ff. (possible difference in meaning between co and co n-; co rare outside O. Ir. glosses, see Translator's Note no. 197).

1 With indic. so that, and (consecutive): co gl. quo (. . . fatetur), Ml. 130c22 . con fri fuili foichliter, Bretha 25 . con[n]á heisedar, Críth G. 176 . ɔricub-sa cucuib `so that I shall come unto you', Wb. 32a27 . ɔarrceoratar a n-arma doib gl. ut doficerat eis quod in nos torquere possint, Ml. 26d6 . is co durogabsat, 108a6 . tremi-berar . . . conid ainm dun chrunn, Wb. 8a5 . ɔaich rann so that it is not, Sg. 212a6 . ar a coitcinne na cladh sa gu nach urasa cín dagra for a tigernaib, Laws iv 222.1 Comm. ɔruptar fadirci ind usci Ml. 40d16 . connar bo leír, TBC-LL¹ 2548 . With vb. of motion forming prep. phrase: téit co téit isa teach he goes into the house, BDD² 280 . ránic C. co mbuí hi faichchi na Bruidne came to, 507 . táncatar . . . co mbátar i ndorus etc., Sc.M² 5 . With as-beir introducing direct speech: mná . . . do gabāil chepóce . . . co n-ērbrat saying, Sc.M² 20 . atgládastar . . . B. co n-epert, LU 8235 ( FB 18 ). con-erbairt = dicens, Lat. Lives 1.4 . Freq. with copula and personal form of prep.: conid airi so that that is why, Sg. 189b2 . conid and atá otharlige a chind and that is where, RC iii 182.5 . conid and atbert c.¤ , 178.27 . conid de atá . . . whence is, 181.36 (cf. conid iarsin, y). conid de ro ainmniged . . . , Fraech 107 . Similarly: conid innisin . . . sin so that that is the story, TBC-LL¹ 1388 . co n-id di-a deoin dochoid, PH 2374 . As mere sentence-connective: robo trom tra la Moingḟind an ni sin, co n-ebairt fria macaib . . . , RC xxiv 194.25 . luid . . . co mbensom, LU 4907 (historic pres. rare in this use, GOI 331 ). luidseom . . . co tubart a láim tairrsiu, BDD² 141 . lasin donic ingabuir chuci corragaib mīr assathóib and took, RC iii 184.31 . dotaet . . . C. do tsiriud in dithruibh cetna, co riacht in tobur and he reached the spring, vi 175.28 . ro selaig C. . . . co tarat . . . co ragaib . . . co toracht, LU 8460 - 1 ( FB 31 ). Cf. loech foltfind lebar co mbeanad folt braine a da imda whose hair reached, etc., RC xxiv 184.6 . For stereotyped co cloth ní introducing rhetorics ( LU 5449 etc.) see Celtica vii 79 ff. See also viii 155-60 and Ulidia i 251-53 . See further Celtica ix 117 (as co) 118 (ar co), 133 (mod. mar is fearr go dtiocfaidh leat, etc.).

2 In special consecutive use in `which the subject of the clause is taken out of its logical position, and placed (under the government of the principal verb, though often almost absolutely) before the introductory conjunction and copula' ( PH p. 594 ). See further O'Brien Celtica ii 348 , C. O'Rahilly viii 162 . is rad dée immumforling conda apstal gl. gratia Dei sum id quod sum `God's grace has caused me to be an apostle,' Wb. 13b6 . is di chéin immunrordad condan maicc togu gl. qui praedestinauit nos in adoptionem filiorum, 20d10 . dobrograd condibfeil icorp crist gl. electionem uestram, you have been called to be members of C.'s body, 24c4 . In the follg. exx. rather with explicative force: o du raidhmisiot . . . / iosa com bu thorisi that J. was etc., Blathm. 55 . domuinet sochaide, na hapstail co n-id as cech berla ro-labairset, PH 5485 . is demin cuirp na hesergi co mbat foille, 6746 . atnaigh . . . aichne fair, conar bé A., TE 12 Eg. Similarly perh.: mainba æcne lib act conda anecne gl. ne quis me putet insipientem esse, alioquin velud insipientem accipite me, Wb. 17c10 . [no] ghnathaigeth U. aingel co torraimed indí Pátraic, Trip.² 215 .

3 In quantitative contexts (to the extent) that, (so much so) that: in sí a meit friscomartatar co ndo[d]sitis huili a fide have they offended to the point of falling a fide? Wb. 5b11 . attá diṡeirc la laitnori innangrec co seichetar cid a comroircniu the Latinists are so fond of the Greeks that they imitate even their errors, Sg. 1a2 . ba hé a méit co cathaigtis co corptha na demna frisna doínib, LU 4036 ( SCC 49 ). boí tra dia fot na lamae co rroacht tar na teóra fuithairbe the arm was so long that it reached, 9069 ( FB 82 ). ba he med na dochraidi co mba hecin di . . . , RC xxiv 190.7 .

4 until (with `the indicative or subjunctive according to the character of the sentence as a whole', GOI 555 and cf. 330 ). With pres. ni ib fínn combi mescc gl. non uinolentum, Wb. 28b24 . co mbí, Críth G. 83 . co ndichet till he goes, 28 . co roglea dó until he has finished, Mon. Tall. 133.16 . ní rach . . . / don Charraig . . . / taireise go rabh a-rís / damh, Aithd. D. 32.16 . Freq. with verbs of coming to, reaching in prep. phrases, see do-icc, ro-icc (cf. orta co rís in corthe, LU 3334 ), 100.36 . With pret. and perf.: con-dub-tanicc misericordia Dei , Wb. 5c10 . conda-tuárgabusa, 26d10 . co bba till it was, BDD² 12 (for co mba? corbo, D). co nderglē till I made up my mind, Sc.M² 4 . asbertatar . . . co comarsatis in dá adnacul . . . ní comroicfed . . . , Airne F. 148 . In later lang. also with fut.: gearr go mbia, DDána 26.8 . See cotá.

5 As connective marking subordination after verbs of saying and in various other contexts that (with subj., later also condit. and indic.): a n-asberid a Iudeu coni cloitis geinti tairchital Crist, 5a8 . as n-é tairrchet . . . combad adramail in macc conróbad écoscc a cheneóil fair, 6d6 . nád chumaing aranísar and coní enggnatar gníma, Sg. 209b13 . ? is écen ɔṅdárbastar, 211a10 . coní ecmi nád n-airchissa act is co arcessea (it happens) that he does spare, Wb. 5b35 . atbertsat . . . co leicfitis, LU 9023 ( FB 77 ). forairngert-sa . . . co ragad méla . . . fort, TBC-LL¹ 647 . dá mbeath go dtuillinn, Aithd. D. 95.13 . do fhóbair go ndearnainn dearmad, 38.16 . tuig . . . go raibhe . . . , TSh. 22 . go dtarla . . . gur mhionuigh ┐ gur bhris, 59 . ó ataoi dall . . . 's gar mían leat etc., Mac Aingil 4671 . gar cōir dhuit etc. (title), 1033 . toingim-se . . . co ná fil, Ériu iv 98.10 . ní mōr go mbui ar comus dōip `they were scarcely able', Fl. Earls 88.12 . As connective particle in ar eagla go, do bhríogh go etc., see TSh. tre go bhfuighedis, Luc. Fid. 3269 .

6 In O. Ir. with subj. glossing Lat. ut, ne (final): coni gl. (timens) ne, Ml. 22d12 . gl. uti, Sg. 213a5 . ɔrop imdu de duún gl. ut abundet, Wb. 3a12 . co beit amal innahí nad tectat sétchi gl. ut sint, 10b5 . co remifoil gl. ut . . . anticipiet, Ml. 23a8 . co asagnoither gl. ut intelligatur, Sg. 180b2 . commimis less huili gl. ut et mortuorum et uiuorum dominetur, Wb. 6b21 . co ngnemmis gnímu colno gl. ut . . . uiuamus, 4a9 . co fu-crothad .i. co chon-scarad gl. ut . . . cassaret, Ml. 23b14 . có gl. quo (maior . . . prauitas appareret), 29a5 . co gl. quo . . . possint, 74c10 .

7 With subj. so that, in order that. Pres. condib dídnad domsa, Wb. 1b1 . con festar cách gl. scientia, 12c38 . cona roib etarcéin, 26a14 . corbu du reir nach aili labraimme gl. nostro iuri in loquendo, non alieno seruimus imperio, Ml. 31b16 . ni nád ndenam-ni acht is co dugnem, 23c6 . conna dechsam i n-adradu idal, 62d1 . coni taibrea feuchrai fírmessa foraib, 109c14 . mad he herchoiliud cétne persine in sin .i. conibbé dese and, Sg. 199b4 . ɔnábé and, 166a3 . co ti N. do bar n-eadrain `so that N. may come to separate you', RC xxiv 194.26 . tíagsa co n-ardu tenid I'll go and light a fire, BDD² 286 . cid is áil duib . . . co ndernur what do you want me to do ? PH 4414 . congain liom go leanar help me to follow, DDána 2.7 . Impf. co no pridchinn a indocbáil, Wb. 28a7 . combad aurlam cách dia bathis, 8a4 . ɔrobad cech brathair post alium , 34a4 . conaib fir, Ml. 31d9 . confresced in popul á íc, 136d1 . co mbin cosmail fri encu, 91b7 . cinged issin sliab co tabrad fiad `to fetch a deer', Arch. Hib. ii 70 § 5 . oc imchosnum, comtis hé cétnarístais, Airne F. 135 . atbert in ríg, go ructha that he should be brought, PH 1329 . a bhreath don bhoct do-bhire / go nach beath ort oirbhire, DDána 74.68 .

8 With impf. subj. of copula and subst. vb. introducing a tentative or alternative explanation: combad notire rodscribad cosse gl. salutatio mea manu Pauli, up to this point it is no doubt the work of a scribe (an epistle), Wb. 27d16 . co mbad si amser sin rongabthe in salm apparently it was then . . . , Ml. 24d7 . combad ho ṡuidiu iarum pepigi gl. antiqui `pago' . . . dicebant pro `paciscor', and that, presumably, is the origin of, Sg. 181a3 . combed secunda gl. de aliquo habet locutionem, 200a1 . ɔnabeth foraithmet dǽ hi suidiu gl. id non dixit absolute etc., Ml. 22d26 . no, go na beith acht trian and dogres `or, according to others, there is never more than one-third', Laws iv 196. 12 Comm. no guna tuctha acht einní dib do gach thir, 162 note (Comm.). no comad a cáer . . . no ásad, Airne F. 55 .

9 In wishes (see Murphy Lyrics p. 255 ): conarbera dam . . . fri M. `say to M. for me', Mon. Tall. 150.7 . gurab tu ar comairge, Ériu i 122.24 . co rop é in læch . . . may he be the warrior . . . , TBC-LL¹ 1151 . go roibh linn . . . / . . . banaltra thrí dtighearna, DDána 9.1 tocht id leith gur mheala mé, 25a.25 . Perh. also: conná' musnágat may they not fear each other, LU 9091 ( FB 84 ).

10 With prec. conj. forming compound conjunctions. See 1 acht (A 21.59), 1 ara (A 372.12, 24 etc.), cen (114.78), 2 cía (170.85), cían (180.39), dáig (D 19.44), dochum (D 229.60 ), indas (I 218.42). For use with prec. neg. adv. see nícon (N 45.79, 46.4, 11).

11 After positive, compar. or super. adj. used adverbally: mar is lúaithe co tairnig, Maund. 38 § 57 . marus ferr co fetfaitis, RC xix 26 § 19 . luaithiu con-rānic Maelodrān, Fing. R. 1023 . cid lúath condránic in gilla, LL ii 8791 .

12 After ocus (generally introducing different subject): dotháet Findabair assind uisciu. & facbaid in claideb i llaim Fraech. ┐ co mben a chend den míl, LL v 33282 . dobert Cu Chulaind side da ṡaigid ┐ co topacht a chend de, iv 23220 . delbaid a richt cacha fírcharat etir ḟir ┐ mnai fos, ┐ co léiceann cach a rún ria, Acall. 5680 .

coimge

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coimge or dil.ie/10201

 

Forms: coimde, comga, comda, comhda, coimdhe, coimhdhe, comhdha, comga, comhdha, coimdigh

n coimde, comga, comda (com + 1 aige? See also s. cuime) comhda coimdhe f., IGT Decl. § 3 . ? Cf. comaid (ón choimhde), § 10 . coimhdhe: oirbhe, Aithd. D. 1.18 . comhdha: toghla, 50.4 . comga: dolma, Gorm. March 14 . comhdha: forccla, BNnÉ 219.z . coimdigh, TTebe 4855 v.l.

Act of protecting, safeguarding; protection, safe keeping : Crist dia chomge dia chommorad, LL 27992 ( Metr. Dinds. iv 162.228 ). ni comga in cél ni coma / is domna der conduba, 26219 . in bratt condaig Fer Berna / acht ni trebrad ní c.¤ , 26190 . condechaid G. for comde F., ZCP xii 375.4 . is coimdhe do churchánaibh / snam ar gach sribaill ṡrianaigh, KMMisc. 313.26 . secht cloidme . . . / dom ch.¤ , 254.5 . ag ar gcoimhdhe, DDána 26.18 . labhair dar gcomhdha ar an gcrann, A. Ó Dálaigh xxii 9 . nír comga dáib a ndoicheall their churlishness was no protection to them, Ériu iv 118.4 . for a comdha `on his guard', Leb. Gab.(i) 226.9 (cf. coimét). na slóig a coimdi an cuiri, Hy Fiach. 264.7 . ro cuireadh esidhe . . . dia chomhdha go trétúrdha don tor, AFM vi 2258.w (cf. coimét).

Ref. to specific things providing protection, the protection so provided: bricht comga protective spell, TBC-I¹ 1889 . cnes cealtair comdha, ZCP xiii 175.6 . altram Néill im chomga cnes, Ériu iv 94.8 . eochair chomga cnis Hérend, 96.12 . a comgha cnis . . . .i. cathluirech, CCath. 5211 . cuaird comgi michíl (name of a hymn), Mon. Tall. 137.18 . cuairt comgi in aingil, Ériu xvi 31.18 ; 30 . cuirfeadsa coimhdhe conaire umad, ML 36.14 (a charm for a safe journey, see ML² 460 note ). is coimdi do'n tí nod geba ag dul for sed (a poem), Misc. Arch. Soc. 3.22 . ? nábad chomdi dó do banchéli a fitting wife, LU 10189 . coimhdhi bliadhna . . . ┐ éisteacht ris a year's safety through hearing it (a story), Dhá Sg. Art. 1820 .

With similar meaning in legal contexts, but exact technical application not always clear, see Plummer, Ériu ix 36 -9. comde ` guarding ', Laws i 266.11 . dlomtar fiadhain fridh coimde cirt coir, 268.9 . cach n-aithni co coimdi `security', ZCP xvii 58 § 73 . cach coimgi i lāim n-urrad, § 74 . feidli .i. fidh leo .i. la cethræ comge, O'Mulc. 500 . coimdi .i. comdedberus, O'Dav. 580 . is coimgi do boairechas dul a nairechas coisring, O'Curry 1851 ( 23 Q 6, 51 b ) = O'Curry 326 ( H 3.18, 180a ) = cumdich, O'Curry 1984 ( H 4.22, 21 ). coimde fuirre re aiseac uaithe, Laws iv 40.16 Comm. `perh. she is protected against having to restore it', Ériu ix 39 . coimgi an geilfine, Laws iv 40.7 Comm. `protection (or restraint)' (with regard to alienation of lands), Ériu ix 38 . c.¤ selba, expld. in Comm. as restraint on division of inherited property till a surviving relative also dies, O'Curry 400 ( H 3.18, 223a ). ceithre gona duine deithbire nad eillneit c.¤ laime, Laws iv 252.18 .i. . . . comoige no comhartaine, 21 Comm. ` external, material protection ', Ériu ix 37 (c.¤ bél ┐ tengad `ref. to protection in the law-courts as guarantor, security, compurgator, etc.'). c.¤ colla cetamus cach araile, O'Curry 383 ( H 3.18, 216b ). coimgi colla . . . ar na gona nach fer fine inaile, 2310 ( Eg. 88, 24 (25)a ). fearr freisneis coimhghe ara cholladh caonchoimhge, 377 ( H 3.18, 214 ). cuic coimhghi . . . a do ra fini ┐ aen re hanḟini ┐ a do eitir ḟini ┐ ainḟini: coimhghi colla ┐ coimhghi selbha re fini; coimhghi laimhi re hanḟini; coimghi bel ┐ tengadh itir fine ┐ anfine . . . coimhghi laimhi ┐ bel ┐ tengadh masa comesargain di dibh cnedaibh i nenḟeacht ra fear cach dibh ara cheili, O'D. 2388 - 9 ( Rawl. B 506, 48a ) = cumge, comge, O'Curry 384 ( H 3.18, 216b ). atait .u. corusa coimgi ann, coimgi c[olla], coimgi selba, coimgi laime, coimgi beil, coimgi tengann, O'Curry 2310 ( Eg. 88, 24(25)a ). tiugradh cach coimdi .i. in laingfitir, O'Curry 513 ( H 3.18, 259 ) `concr. of the hobble on cattle', Plummer MS. notes. manar sechnustar beith fo comgha a sét dó, O'D. 777 ( H 3.17, 557 ). nach cuimde nach gradh bis uaisle log ninech dagra etc., O'Curry 2704 ( Eg. 88, 60 (61)a ). na coimdi bes mo logh neich atgair fri hinbleogain gaibi co dublad, etc., O'Curry 2705 ( Eg. 88, 60(61)a ) = coimdedh, Laws ii 14.19 . is tre ḟīr flaitheman comrara c.¤ cethre caich torith, ZCP xi 93 § 27 . Cf. caca ceithri c.¤ comrera cona cealt cona neart, Ériu xvi 65.49 . conad gile greine c.¤ mora deine eisce, 66.60 .

See coimded.

seicgnímrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. seicgnímrad or dil.ie/36878

 

n o, m. (? 1 secc+gnímrad) In the first ex. apparently in the meaning utmost effort . In the second, perhaps a mistake for secainim, q.v.: ac tarraing a feadma ┐ a seicgnimraid astu (of ploughing oxen), Laws iii 268.17 (`perhaps only secc- in the sense of hard, firm', Laws Gl.). damna eich ro cennaig duine annsin ┐ comaith hi ┐ in log do rat dia cind, nocho nfuil tuilliud ris ┐ cid ferr he noco nuil a breith for cula .i. commaith na seoit i lo in cunnarta annsin, ┐ ata in darna set dib ar bisech o sin amach, ┐ ata in set aile ar doombisech, ┐ cemad ris dised menma in fir imuig diubairt dagra ann no in set d'athchur, ce no fasad sec gnimraid aige fein ann, noco cumaing uair ro bu commaith i lo in cundarta iad, O'Curry 2031 ( H 4.22, 55 ).

slán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. slán or dil.ie/37834
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: slán-seiss

adj o, ā

I

(a) whole, sound, unimpaired, healthy, safe : s.¤ gl. sospes, Sg. 66a27 . salu[u]s .i. slan, KZ xxxiii 72 § 48 . sanus .i. s.¤ , Ir. Gl. 633 . is airi asbiur ám am s.¤ ` 'tis therefore, verily, I say "I am whole"', Sg. 143a1 . mad slaán in ball iarna galar, Wb. 12b11 . cid ind aimser indat sláin ennaic som gl. salui innocentes, Ml. 76a6 . huand fairsingmenmnaigi sláin, gl. magnanimiatate (sic) salua, 136a14 . ind foisitiu . . . imfolngi in duine s.¤ , Wb. 4d33 . dobert in cú in caírig s.¤ (sláin, v.l. See GOI p. 157 , 676 ). rí ro-sáer Susannam sláin, SR 7357 . rod duschi súan s.¤ subach, LU 3593 ( SCC 30 ). a gell s.¤ cona ḟuillem do aisiuc the whole pledge with its interest to be returned, Críth G. 288 . dar cend trín a sotha sláin `in return for a third of their whole progeny', Féil. Mhic Néill 297.29 . tri hanairt slana, SR 2221 . conarlaic dó . . . | siriud s.¤ na saccraide, 3036 . tangcatar . . . s.¤ amach óna slogaib, BColm. 88.1 (adv. ?). amhail téid éin-bhiadh amháin . . . i ndochar don easlán ┐ i dtarbha don duine sh.¤ , TSh. 1113 . Of a judgement: ra-huicc-siut bretha slana `sie erhielten (fällten) heile (= volle, richtige?) Urteilssprüche', Ir. Recht 9 § 12 . midair mesemnacht s.¤ `he passed a sound judgement', Laws i 10.y . In phrase is s.¤ a menmae is joyful, in high spirits : niba slániu de latt do menma . . . dia n-aicigther, LU 6118 . ro badh s.¤ a menma ┐ roptar buidhigh dia thuitim leó `were in high spirits', AFM v 1814.2 . In adverbial expression slán c(h)íall: lotar as slán chéill dia tuaith 'they went safe' Blathm. 71 . slancheill chein duib, a muindter, Auraic. 536, cf. 3166 . In greetings: s.¤ bee gl. sana sis, ave, ZCP vii 494 § 103 (Enchir. Aug.). s.¤ ann dá súainleabthuibh sróil, IGT Decl. ex. 1112 . ná rab s.¤ d'ḟéasóig an ḟir `bad health to the fellow's beard', TD 37.2 .

(b) saved (in spiritual sense): is tre sodin bid s.¤ a anim som, Wb. 9b7 . cid natat sláin ind huli mátchobra, 28b1 . in-tíí baithsither ┐ creitfes biaid se s.¤ , PH 3705 . diam s.¤ a cubus bid s.¤ a anum, Laws iv 32.20 .

(c) Of a person noble, perfect (cf. meaning (e) infra): la slúag s.¤ soer sodath `noble', Fél. Aug. 10 . sūi slān sothchernda sochlach perfect, accomplished, Bruchst. i 48 § 2 . Samson s.¤ serig, SR 5356 . cleithi laighean leghnidhe | suí s.¤ seghainn sochlach `a perfect, comely, prudent sage', AFM i 512.14 . do sruithib slánaib sochenélachaib fer nÉrend olchena, Ériu iv 124.18 .

(d) With blíadain full, complete : ar ni tosceli argumint acht bliadni sláin, Thes. ii 18.32 (BCr.). tri bliadna trichat ropsat slána do Christ, LU 2544 . o roptar slána a secht mbliadna, 9045 ( FB 79 ). bliadhain ┐ trí fichid fá s.¤ dó ag teacht i nÉirinn `he had completed his 61st year', Keat. iii 217 .

(e) Legal exempt, non-liable, safe : is iat daine i[s] slan don eclais do leagan as `the persons whom it is safe for the church to let escape', Laws iv 236.1 . is slan doib uile dia mbe trebuire they are all exempt, v 146.24 . atait secht n-aithne . . . nocha dlegat a taisic .i. is slan gach aithne dib so uile, 190.27 Comm . slan cach tothlaigthe dia fiastar cach a saithiud, iii 12.12 . sellach lan feich . . . ┐ sellach slan, i 240.26 . bit sellaig slana and chena .i. cleirig, ┐ mna, etc., 242.10 . slan cach soc[h]omsa, cach soc[h]obus, eslan cach n-ecobus i cain lanamna, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 2 § 1 = Laws ii 342.5 . imdich cach corp a meamra, ma[d] socorp, sognimuch, sobesuch, slan, sofoltach free from legal liability, ZCP xiv 369 § 30 = Laws ii 278.20 . bid slan tú o fholaid Crist `thou shalt be free from the enmity of Christ', PH 803 . deprived of, not entitled to: co ffoccarthaoi s.¤ é d'ionchaibh a chomairgedh `that they might proclaim him not entitled to protection', AFM ii 1072.17

II Subst. Of persons o, m. In abstr. sense o, n. s.¤ (ón choroighecht) m. IGT Decl. § 38 . s. m. § 96 .

(a) a person free from legal disability, a sound person: in tan immurgu is creicc iter dá s.¤ is comsruit[h]iu naidm `wenn es jedoch ein Kauf zwischen zwei Vollständigen (mit gleichwertigen Objekten) ist', ZCP xiii 22.30 (translated Bürgschaft 10 § 30 ). lan cach slan, Laws iii 12.12 .i. is [s]lan he ima astad o bias lanad folad comtoirnithi ann .i. is amail no beth lan fola ann dia mbe a slanugad o cind, 20 Comm . fáilid cech s.¤ , Tec. Corm. § 13.11 .

(b) wholeness, completeness, the state of being uninjured, health (physical and moral): ferr s.¤ sásad `it is better to be healthy than glutted', RC xlv 77.x . go n-ar therno as an gcath idir sh.¤ ┐ othrus d'fhearaibh Mumhan, Ériu i 92 § 42 . da leicced Poimp da miledhaib slan a claideb d'imbirt forra-somh, CCath. 3753 . s.¤ a mhenman full desire : ar a doilgi leis can slan (lan, v.l.) a menman do tharrachtain for a naimdibh `because of his distress in not having taken full vengeance on his enemies', CCath. 1476 . s.¤ a mhenman d'échtaibh ┐ d'aidhbenaibh d'faghbhail forra, Hugh Roe 286.2 (fo. 75b) .

(c) immunity, freedom from compensation, safety : rod bi slan sert[h]oimilt caich di arailiu cen ecubus, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 54 § 26 (= Laws ii 388.14 ). dligid slan craidhe a reir breitheaman, Laws iv 58.5 . slan .i. maithem, ut est ni slánaigethar truagh triunu . . . nach eitir leo a n-agra um aní berait uatha, O'Dav. 1410 . atbert co tibred slan do Laignib ar tidnacal Mailodrain dó that he would spare the Leinstermen in return for the surrender of M., Rawl. B 512, 115d17 . ronbia s.¤ do neoch dorigni-siu `we shall be absolved from your offences', Ériu iii 136.44 .

(d) indemnity, compensation : cate s.¤ a gill, Críth G. 284 . slan ngill fir nad urnaidit ceart fri cach, Laws v 178.5 . is dosuigiu ro suide slan ngill iar fut, ro said a slan side co ruice ur-lan cumaili, 340.19 . nis fuigli nad ergeouin na bi mesach slan na fretech, i 266.13 . curub tualaing slan ┐ fretech .i. s.¤ dara cenn budéin ┐ fretech dar cenn a fine, O'D. 1632 ( H 5.15, 17a ). im tobach a slain, Laws i 192.12 . saigid a slan iarum ar aithgabail `er betreibt darauf seine Schadloshaltung auf Grund von Pfändung', ZCP xiii 24.11 (translated Bürgschaft 13 § 42 ). ar-dibdai slan ┐ fuillium ┐ meath ┐ somaine fuilliuma, ZCP xiv 377 § 40 (= Laws ii 290.25 ). atait secht n-erca i tuaith asren a fine nad con tuillit slan na somaine cidhbe as-do-comra, Laws v 182.6 . atait secht ratha eirnither la Feine ada andsum slan ┐ somuine fria tintud `die Rückerstattung oder den Ersatz seiner gegebenen Werte', 220.10 (translated ZCP xiv 377.24 ). s.¤ uile a ndorónad and restitution for all that was done there, LU 6660 (TBC). da fhis in tibritis slan dia bhfoghail . . . asbertsat na tibritis s.¤ doib, Lism. L. 2976 .

(e) surety, security, guarantee, agreement : ro gabustair slanu um a comulladh, Laws i 6.1 . slan .i. achtugud, ut est arna combet na slana-sa . . . .i. na achtaighthi, O'Dav. 1478 . na slana badar aturo .i. maithe Ulad, RC xviii 286.25 (Tig.). ro fuair [Fergus] gur marbhadh iad tar a shlána féin, IT ii2149.684 . ní gabthái fer díb sin isin bhféin . . . nó go tucdais [a] naitri . . . slána tairrsib, SG 92.23 . teid dagra a shlana ar O nDomnaill `to make a claim on O'D. for violation of his surety', L. Chl. S. 17 . mac righ Connacht do bhásughadh . . . tar slánaibh ┐ comhairge Coluim Cille, AFM i 190.9 . a cur a slanaibh fair im chert do dhénamh eter gach naon, BNnÉ 203.1 . nír chuir a cor no a slán (sláin, v.l.) sinn | nírbh ál (áil, v.l.) linn gan dol fa dhoirr, IGT Decl. ex. 1002 . biad araili, slanaib síd | i ngrádaib icond ardrig, SR 3275 . ná heirg i slánaibh síotha, TD 15.45 .

(f) challenge, defiance : dorat a slan do `she defied him', Laws v 276.2 . s.¤ carad nó neamhcharad | a dhul uaibhse fá eiteach I defy friend or enemy, Measgra D. 20.15 . do ṡlán a Thaidhg a ṡéana `I defy you to deny it', Content. xv 33 . bíodh s.¤ gach éinḟir eólois | go ndearna craobh chaithreach Breagh | taom budh aithreach dá aigneadh, TD 17.59 . tugadh s.¤ gach fir impe `all men have challenged her for their own' [viz. Ireland], O'Gr. Cat. 466.18 . bīodh slān na fēine fām' fhastōghadh I defy the Fian to catch me, Feis Tighe Chonáin 343 . s.¤ cogaid fá chloinn Uilliam `a defiance of any war against Clanwilliam' (i.e. a warning to all not to undertake one), O'Gr. Cat. 376.12 . bíoth s.¤ cháich fá chomhardha | go bhfuil d'oighreacht ar Ḟiadh bhFáil | acht foirneart gliadh dá gabháil, TD 17.1 . a sh.¤ soin futhaibh I defy them to do so, Keat. iii 4225 . a sh.¤ fútha ainm an Phapa sin do thabhairt uatha I defy them to name, Eochairsg. 3.25 . tabhair mo sh.¤ fa Israel `defy Israel', Numbers xxiii 7 . benfat-sa de a chenn | ’s a shlán fa fheraib Érenn 'whatever the consequences to the people of Ireland' Celtica x 108 § 17 .

(g) farewell : slān na trēd, slān na tāintead, ZCP viii 230 § 17 . In phrr: slān ūaim do Leith Cuind, ZCP viii 230 § 14 . léigidh so i ndán do dhéanaimh | nó no slán dá seinsgéalaibh 'allow these to be composed in poetry or else bid farewell to their ancient histories', Giolla Brighde 212 § 31 . slán agad, a Mhurcha mhóir, PCT 151 .

Compds.

(a) With nouns. ¤aeb perfect beauty (?): ri rodelb datha na ṅgaeth | rosderb fri sratha s., SR 54 . ¤aisecc safe return, restoration : do comallad brēithir . . . Coluimcille ria slánaisec . . docum a mathar doridhissi for his safe return, RC xxiv 62 n. 5 . ¤alt: iarom ba halacht Mugain | s. rodá samsubaid, LU 4300 . ¤abb noble abbot : ranag i Rachrainn na righ | gu slanab sil Cuinn is Che[i]n, ZCP x 53.10 . ¤breth: dia sasar slanbrethaib seanc[h]a[d] la Feine complete, correct judgement (?), Laws v 458.9 . ¤chaingen: ri co saidbrib slanchaingen, SR 8097 . ¤chotlud sound sleep : s. Iohannis, Fél. Dec. 27 . ¤chrécht a wound in the state of healing, a healed wound (?): atrái a maic mór-Ulad fót sláncréchtaib, TBC-I¹ 1812 (rhetoric). ¤chride: is tre ḟir flathemon . . . somaine sadaile slanchride `heiles Hertz', ZCP xi 81 § 13 . nis nernifi sith slaincridhe, Leb. Gab.(i) 28.21 . ¤dílgud complete forgiveness : slandilgud cinad Adaim, SR 1654 . mad sháil línd slan-dilgud ar cinad, PH 5218 . ¤dliged: is ed didiu s. salto salua ratio, Thes. ii 10.5 . ¤ḟuidir one of the sub-divisions of the `fuidir' class of tenant (exact meaning uncertain); see Ir. Recht p. 75 : ataat .uii. fuid(i)re la Feniu . . . slanfuidir, soerfuidir, ibid. 65 § 7 . ¤íc complete cure; salvation : srotha slanicí somblasta somilsi, BB 243a24 . dá chur san tobar shláin-íce, TSh. 4733 . do'n chorn tsláin-íce na Páise, Eochairsg. 52.3 . ¤íccaidecht salvation : sláinícaidecht do anmannaib complete redemption of souls, Blathm. 168 . ¤íccid, later ¤íccide a saviour; a healer : ro chreit in slánicid Isu Crist, LU 2270 (FA). eipistil int Ṡlánícceda ar Coimded-ne, Ériu ii 192 § 1 . as éisim sláinícidhe tsíl Adhaim aithremail the healer, ZCP viii 205.13 . Also a salve, balsam : admuinur in slánicid foracab Diancecht lia muntir corop slán ani forsate, Thes. ii 249.9 . cengal na mbuidél ina roibe in tslániccidh, RC xix 40.9 . ¤ṡén healing omen : lossa síde ┐ lubi ícci ┐ slansén, TBC-LL¹ 2478 . ¤ṡúilige: ro geallad nem ┐ s. (slánsánlige, v.l.) don tí la[sa] mbíad . . . in t-ámrad-sa Senaín good eyesight (?), ZCP iii 225.3 .

(b) With adjj. ¤chréchtach: go beith sleamhain sláin-chréachtach dhó, TSh. 2321 `in a state of healthy, rapidly-healing wounds?' Gl. slánaigid triana fertaib . . . corbat sláincrechtaig dia éis, Lism. L. 3127 . dobhí slemhon sláin-chrechtach iarsin, Ériu v 102.7 . ¤dírech quite straight : emuin .i. eomuin, eo rectum uel bonum moin a monte. emuin didiu slándīrech, O'Mulc. 388 . ¤etarg(g)airech: rop s. fírión iter lobru ┐ tríunu impartial (lit. soundly-mediating), Críth G. 526 .

(c) With verb: slán-seiss hail (lit. thou shalt sit safe), LU 8242 ( Hail Brigit 1 ). See saidid.

tacra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tacra or dil.ie/39422

 

Forms: tacre, tacrae, teagra, thagra, teagradh, tacrad, tacru, tacrae, tacrai, tagra, tagra, tagartha, tacarta, tacartha, tacrad

n io, n., later also f. vn. of do-accair. tacre, Wb. 25b14 . tacrae, H 3.18, 192a ( O'Curry 347 ). Perh. infl. by frecra in: teagra, BNnÉ 161.9 , 12 v.l. thagra (: freagra), RC xlix 174 § 36. teagradh, O'R. tacrad, Lat. Lives 15.7 . LU 2183 . d s. oc tacru , Trip. 128.3 v.l. n p. tacrae, Tur. 81 . tacrai, Goid. 66.6 . Fem. in: tagra fheasach, Content. xviii 12 . g s. na tagra , PBocht 18.9 , 22 . g s. tagartha, Dánfhocail 227 . n p. tacarta, Laws v 252.6 . a p. tacartha, PH 2178 (cf. tacrad supra and Mod. Ir. tagairt). IGT Decl. § 3 (44.z) . tagra quasi dāgra .i. dā n-agra bīs ann, Corm. Y 1259.

I

(a) In technical legal sense of pleading, law-suit: eolach in cach t.¤ , Laws i 84.19 Comm. t.¤ a caingne, ii 84.22 Comm. secht tacarta ... t.¤ im reir conid n-acobur ... t.¤ la deorad De, t.¤ im leas mna nad eda urlabra, t.¤ la fear ... t.¤ la leath-ard n-ae, v 252.6 ff. dofét tagra freagra, H 3.17, 496b ( O'D. 677 ). caide tacrae ? tacarthae insin fó bith as tacair do neoch ruc a deriug ani ima tacair, H 3.18, 192a ( O'Curry 347 ). cach días itir a mbí cúis nó tagra, Maund. 151.

(b) In more general sense of a pleading, pleading for, on behalf of: ruc Íth de brithemnaib h-Erend | ar amainse ┐ ar th.¤ , LL 12a17 . oc taccra de chind Georgi, PH 1391 . ic t.¤ tar a cenn, CCath. 529 . tagra linn gidh doiligh dheit `though it is difficult for Thee to plead for us,' Dán Dé xv 1 . ag tagra do Chorc `pleading for C.' Content. iii 30 . do thagra féin ar Niall náir `your plea for N.,' iv 2 . tagra don taobh i bhfus `pleading for this side,' viii 7 . ag tagra go tuirseach doiligh ré Dia, TSh. 4208 . seasuidh an Tighearna suas do thagra, Isaiah iii 13.

(c) pleading for the defendant, defending, defence: cia batar degtacrae les `though he had good arguments' (in his defence), Tur. 81 . a breith for leth tagrad .i. for sgel in dara fir to judge it according to the defence of one party, Laws v 352.6 . dá n-agra coir nar gcoinne | tagra ní ḟoil againne, Timth. vi 19 § 4 .

(d) accusing, accusation: na tacrai dorata for crist gl. obiecta, Goid. 66.6 . ro-díchuir ... a tacartha rebutted their accusations, PH 2178 . taccra claon ni bi 'na bhél, BNnÉ 280.23 .

(e) alleging, allegation: tagra moráin nach bia ceart, Content. xvi 182 . náir an sgealsa ... tagra na lāimhe nach doibh o chert ... do chlannaibh Róigh to allege (in their defence) the (Red) Hand which is not theirs by right, Rel. Celt. ii 293.8 .

II

(a) In general sense of arguing, disputing, dispute: ni asse tacre na tairissem fris `not easy to gainsay or withstand it,' Wb. 25b14 . co mbu hē fochun a báis tacrad do Pátraic disputing with P., Lat. Lives 15.7 . slúaig demna ... ┐ siat ic sírth.¤ friú, LU 2183 . t.¤ co fásaigib `pleading (arguing ?) with established maxims,' Tec. Corm. 3. 43 . cuirset Iudaide draide farsaide do thaccra fris `to dispute with him,' PH 2256 , cf. 2435 . taoi re tagra silence in the face of arguments (?), ML 100.23 . tagra ris is deacair dhamh `it is difficult for me to argue with him,' Content. vi 175 . oc t.¤ co fírglicc ... friarole, Stair Erc. 1316 . ar sgur dhá dtagra dhóibh, Acts xv 13 . Hence in military sense parleying: taréis ... moráin tagra do denamh ... doib, AU iii 556.18 .

(b) speaking, uttering (?): ic tagra á taiblib a thengad (i.e. the Fury Megaera from Conall's tongue), MR 168.5 . ic tagra a thechtairechta, 180.21 . tagra borb haughty words, Oss. vi 112.18 .

(c) threatening (?): gur dhearbh libh nach biadh do gheall | le tagra ar gceann do bhreith leat `by talking of taking (threatening to take ?) off our heads,' Content. xxvii 7.

III With sense of agra (q.v.) suing, exacting (?): at comren ma t.¤ (ma[d], Laws Gloss.) `he pays if sued,' Laws iv 326.4 . teagra córa, BNnÉ 161.9 v.l.. Cf.: tairse ag tagradh ad cheann gleó claiming your position as leader in the fight (?), Oss. iv 186.4 .