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adart

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adart or dil.ie/314

 

Forms: adairt

n o, m. (? orig. n.) later also f. d s. adairt, 1 Sam. xxvi 7 . Eochairsg. 2.35 . some kind of support for the head in sleeping or reclining; pillow: a.¤ quasi ad-irt .i. adae mbais, ar is bas do-rimther codlud ┐ is ainm irt do bás . . . Aliter a.¤ .i. ad-ardd, ar is ardi oldás in imda archenae, Corm. Y 43 . adhart ┐ adhartan a bolster, a pillow , Eg. Gl. 649 . a.¤ .i. da cloich, ar ba hē bith fo cind apud ueteres , O'Mulc. 90a . a mbátar Ulaid imbi isin taig . . . Lugaid R. etir ┐ a.¤ , LU 3300 ( SCC § 10 ). sé os a.¤ fir i sirc, 3456 (ib. § 24). eter Mongán ┐ fraigid for sind a.¤ , 10977 . téit for teched . . . co mbói for adurt imdai C., 4917 (TBC). itge degmná dia hadurt, LL 344a10 . tanac mór fecht co mbínd / for cinn t'adairt oc neméle frit, 278b16 . dochum an adhuirt i nimdaidh, Ériu v 122.57 . coimitecht ┐ comét adairt guarding, O'Dav. 1153 . ní fuil clúim ria bar n-a.¤ your case is a hard one, LL 257b14 . dairt ar oen adhart i.e. for disclosing something to a bed-fellow, Laws v 134.21 Comm. ni acaltar tarais nach thar a.¤ , Ériu xii 48 § 61 . for adhart i bhfail fhir eicin, Lism. L. 1335 . fo chinn na raibhi acht cloch doghnath do adhurt, 4493 . a ghlún dob é th'adhart-sa, Dán Dé i 10 . bás (écc) fri ha.¤ lit.: death against a pillow i.e. a natural as oppd. to a violent death: ar cech mbas acht éc fri a.¤ , Lib. Hymn. i 65.72 . dochúaidh bás fri hadhart, Cóir Anm. 64 . air ise aenfer docuaid eg re h-a.¤ dib, BB 251a29 . Also : i n-adhartaibh éaga, GJ xviii 31.31 . bas adhairt a Chonaill cernaigh, BB 53a43 . In phrase cenn adairt: dlaí di chi[u]nn adairt, Críth G. 229 . Fig. Bun Loinne ┐ Loch Gile / . . . / is iad amhairc budh fhearr linn / mar cheann adhairt fam intinn, DDána 88.32 . a cheann adhairt gach eolais (of a person), 90.14 . Cf. a.¤ fo chenn naisdísen anisiu gl. perfectionem, Sg. 198a10 .

Extended uses: re ha.¤ n-úar (of the grave), LL 4195 . ri ha.¤ tend tricc mad truit / ni gabat greim grip guip gai (of a shield), 18399 ( PRIA iii 540 § 5 . ) Rest for weapons: ro coraigit . . . a claidbe for a n-adartaib, LL 12965 . intsin do chinteador a ccleaso uatha a lamhaibh a n-arad ara n-aghartoibh urdherghoighte, ZCP x 287.12 . Pebble-ridge, high water-mark(?): amal ruc . . . a chosa tarsin adhart suas for tír, Lism. L. 1948 . In phrase a.¤ olc, uilc high-water mark of evil: is adart uilc, is fír trá, / is malairt (leg. malart) cuirp ┐ anma, LL 19310 . an brath . . . colann do fāgbadh ann sin a fothraicthib fola ┐ a n-adhartuibh uilc ┐ a sruth-linntib crō, ML² 1745 . ar dtonn bháidhte, ar n-adhart olc, Dánta Gr. 28.23 . Perh. also: adarta dochraite in étraid ┐ in adaltrais, PH 4945 .

1 aicde

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aicde or dil.ie/769
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: aice

n also aice , f. perh. vn. of ad-guid see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 551 . bond, surety, security: a.¤ .i. trebaire ┐ desmirecht air, a.¤ mac .i. mac nascaire, O'Curry 2077 (H. 4.22, f. 67). cu na dleiste do dune gumud cuma a epert ┐ a a.¤ acht do grádh sechta i.e. certain grades made themselves liable by simply giving verbal undertakings(?), O'D. 943 ( H 3.17, 660 ). duine bud cuma epirt ┐ a.¤ i.e. a man whose word is as good as his bond, Laws iii 326.26 Comm. ; 4.15 Comm. Cf. O'Dav. 795 . isit esinnricc manib cuma a n-epert ┐ a n-aice, Laws v 358.20 Comm. (cf. innann a nepert ┐ a narach, O'Curry 535 ( H 3.18, p. 265b = CIH iii 795.33 )). cred é cuma epert ┐ aige? . . . .i. commór a apart do féin ┐ ba huca thoghaidhe leis trebaire aire, O'Curry 1383 ( H 3.18, p. 629a ). aicc macu hi fiacha . . . do neoch imme fuigle in aicdiu from someone who gives decisions in matters affecting security, Laws ii 130.10 . dairt for a roach (.i. for a fiadnaise), colbdach for a aiciu (leg. aicdiu Thurn. ZCP xv p. 366 ) (.i. for a naidm) bo for a aitire, ZCP xiii 24.6 . ni direnaiter ni herenaiter aigde, O'Curry 824 ( H 3.18, p. 379a ). ni saigh ni a aicdiu .i. . . . ni astait ní na aitire, O'Curry 1990 (H. 4.22, p. 25). nach fer aici ┐ comit[h]echta, Anecd. iii 24.23 . mar do beith araind urradh / fan cunnradh do chenglamair / as i aice as annsa ann / damsa is caite re chomhall, 23 E 29, 81.4 . aicdhe .i. comhall, O'Cl. Note also aice .i. treabh (for trebaire?), ib. ?fochraic aicidi .i. log na haici ma diubart iar fis ┐ trebaire, O'Curry 1989 (H. 4.22 , 25 ). ? haice .i. ecaidhe nó deroil no eraise, ut est haice cach rath co rath tire .i. . . . is deroil cach ni doberar isin rath co tir, O'Dav. 1069 .

airchlaide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airchlaide or dil.ie/1727

 

n (claide, vn. of ar-claid Ériu lvi 77 ) act of digging; ditch: corus aenaig, urclaide tairis, Laws v 474.13 .i. cuic seoit a fis coir a fir-claidi taris [.i.] tar in n-aenach, 476.19 Comm. duae na urclaide no rath, iv 144.15 . dairt ma conclasat urclaidhe taris sin .i. ma dia tochlait firclaidhe taris sin, O'Dav. 395 . In n. loc. Ailén na Urelaide, Lism. L. 2217 .

airlise

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airlise or dil.ie/2219
Last Revised: 2013

 

n , f. (2 les) (enclosed) area outside a (domestic) enclosure : lethlóg [n-]enech cach gráid túaithe i ngait nádbi aí asa airlisi . . . aurchor snedar cach leth is é córus a a.¤ , Críth G. 218 - 220 . dairt i muin cach oen seoit do neoch ruicer as airlisi, Laws v 340.22 . senad do sodadh as a nairlisi, iv 52.6 . do airlisigh righ, 352.19 Comm. a taisbena[d] do airechaib 'na nairlisib airech dia ndleghur comar ┐ comingaire, O'D. 888 ( H 3.17, c. 637 ). i n-airlisi airech aird no eclasa, Laws i 96.12 Comm. nach airlisi a mbidh athgabail, ii 70.24 . fer na ha.¤ , 30 Comm. i n-aurlise, Ériu xvi 180 § 15 . cechangsa dia airlisi, BB 299a35 . doronta a n-airlisi (= a n-airusa, Bodl.; a n-arusa, LB) ┐ a rrīgdúine and, Corm. Y 833 ( Anecd. iv 75 ). tech ┐ airlisi ┐ dērgud, Ériu i 220 § 11 . achadh ┐ airleisi, ZCP xii 391.32. xiii 14.24 . nī már n-airlisi (nurlisiu v.l.) n-imderga he should not greatly redden precincts (?), ZCP xi 94 § 29 . ? nī ranna ar airlissi imdergga, 84 § 35 . See p. 103 n. 30 (where Thurn. compares árlius, erlissaigidir). uirlisi .i. garrdha, O'Cl. See airles.

1 alt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 alt or dil.ie/3016
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: a., alta, altæ, altu, alta, ailt, a.

n Orig. u, m.? ( cech a.¤ , Ml. 44d2 , but ald n-airge, ACL iii 293.z , cech n-a.¤ ┐ cech n-ága, TTr.² 492 and pass.). g p. -altæ, Corm. Y 41 , alta, RC xv 487 § 1 = altæ, Ériu xix 58 § 1 . Note also a p. altu, Fél. Ep. 323 (alta, v.l.). Later with g s. alta and ailt, n p. id., g p. a.¤ , IGT Decl. § 96 .

I

(a) joint, articulation (in human beings and animals): don a.¤ gl. jugulum, Gild. Lor. 69 gl. 201 . a.¤ día altaib = iunctura membrorum (of a serpent), Aisl. Tond. 109 § 4 . rolaad cach a.¤ asa choir dam gl. ita totus resolutus sum, Ml. 44d2 . mér airindí bīs ina aonar isin a.¤ i mbī, Corm. Y 890 . robīth Cūchulaind co ndec[h]aid a altaib dō so that his joints were dislocated, TBC-I¹ 2962 . For a different use with verbs see below. cach mball ┐ cach n-a.¤ ┐ cach n-ind ┐ cach n-āge, LU 6445 (TBC). lamh airgíd . . . edír mér ┐ a.¤ , BB 32b40 . tri halta atat isin meor, PH 6837 . cen tescud alta na feithe, Laws v 488.5 Comm. ar a.¤ a dhroma, RC xxix 138 § 56 . d'altaibh in droma, Rosa Angl. 98.19 . do benadh a throigh on a.¤ amach do mhac U., AFM vi 1884.15 . an deaslámh do dhol dá ha.¤ , DDána 21a. 22 . Fig. no gur sguch mh'annsa dha ha.¤ `till my heart left its wonted place', Ériu ix 6.55 . cíoch rér tairngeadh a fhíoch dá a.¤ , PBocht 2.4 . Cf. TBC-I¹ 2962 cited above. Occas. perh. limb: an dara dairt . . . / feoil is ailt ar a hionchuibh flesh and limbs are entrusted to it (of an arrow), DDána 78.13 . gan ghoin ag Dia ní fhoil aon-a.¤ / is lia ná soin daonnacht Dé, Dán Dé x 12 , cf. Keating's use of alt, goin below. Note also: chomhdhubh re gúal gach n-ailt dhe o bhonn go a bhathus, RC xxix 114.10 .

(b) Extended applications. Of the socket of a weapon: co tarrla [in sleg] ina ha.¤ . . . féin, Acall. 4905 . ro lingiustar in lann . . . as a altaib ┐ as a imdornnchur, MR 300.9 . Of some part of a sword: da claidim deg co n-altaib, BB 280b15 . tucustar tri tren beimenna do cruadaltaib in claidim `hard knobs', MR 300.24 . Note also: co n-a.¤ imrind, Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 37 . Of curls in hair: i n-earla na n-a.¤ , DDána 91.30 (of a hero).

II In literary contexts.

(a) Used by Keating (Keat., TSh.) of a subdivision of a book (leabhar), with further subdivision goin punctum, see guin, and cf. Dán Dé x 12 cited above. Perh. also in: mé dot ath-ghoin san a.¤-sa, Content. xxiv 4 (`now').

(b) Of the division between the syllables of words: indleas do dhialt . . . air ni fil a.¤ and i.e. it is improper to apply the name of any polysyllable (`recomarc', etc.) to a `dialt' (monosyllable), inasmuch as there is no a.¤ (juncture) in it, it is a unit, Auraic. 779 , 3582 . a.¤ ┐ dialt ┐ recomarc, O'Dav. 428 . a.¤ in anma prosta in re n-aimsire bis eter in da shillaib a inni, Auraic. 830 . in gne no in cenel int a.¤? Is cenel ecin, ar itat tri gnee fai .i. a.¤ saerda ┐ a.¤ aicenta ┐ a.¤ co feser, 890 . cate esse alta? . . . in toe tengadh fil don filid a[c] ceimniughudh don litir for araili mad a.¤ saerda no don sillaib for araili mad a.¤ aicenta artificial division (within a syllable), natural division (between syllables), 909 .

(c) metre (type of composition?): cia ha.¤ dona seacht n-altaib ind aircetail, Auraic. 925 . domiditer alta uad fri alta duine, 1237 . alta uad, IT iii 128.2 . co fesear cia ha.¤ huad, 3 . ca ha.¤ don maoin nachar mēin? (.i. ca haiste don eladain nachar foghlaim?) (B. na f.), ZCP v 489 § 10 . is dīlsiu don a.¤ airc[h]etail īsiu, Corm. Y 41 . do ṡluind na n-ilaltæ, ib. a.¤ .i. aircetail, O'Dav. 6 . ae a.¤ , 160 . co n-a ollaltaib cen ail (of poets), LL 18266 ( SG 84.44 ).

III Abstract applications.

(a) juncture, point (of time, etc.): ra ha.¤ na h-uaire sin, CRR 18 § 12 . a.¤ in lai sin `this very day', CCath. 5110 . i na.¤ in inaidh-sea `the nick or juncture of this place', 502 (see O'Cl. in (c) below). rob indethbir a gabail do láim a.¤ na huaire sin, O'D. 1588 (H 5.15, 8a).

(b) shape, form: an choill aig eirghe ina ha.¤ féin, BNnÉ 159 § 14 . in n-óige ailt in completeness of form, RC xxxvii 348 § 57 . Cf. Colmán . . . / la hógi a.¤ légend `with perfection of high studies', Fél. Sept. 26 . Luacair ard i toethsat fir / fuithi ata a.¤ in buanfir, Fen. 374.14 . ?tug an tAthair na a.¤ féin / a mhac (`in His stead'), A. Ó Dálaigh viii 3 .

(c) kind, sort: cia haltt delbi, PH 440 . cía ha.¤ con etir, Mer. Uil. 282 . cia ha.¤ dáine cia n-anmand, TFerbe 564 . cia ha.¤ airgne agat?, Metr. Dinds. iv 212.40 . ? ni ha.¤ coindircle maith do denam fria n-aen duin ┐ olc fri cach, YBL 168a14 . a.¤ .i. leithéid. in a.¤ an ionaidhsi .i. a leithéid an ionaidhsi, O'Cl.

(d) state, condition, circumstance: iarom bá halacht in ben / ropo mára.¤ airmiten, LU 4312 . ? nirbu mall marb-a.¤ don mnái, Metr. Dinds. iii 50.23 (` death-dirge '). gillai Chonnacht co caími / dáini ra troma.¤ truagi, TFerbe 626 . lén-a.¤ `sorry plight', Misc. Hag. Hib. 28 § 42 . ? a a.¤ a olcc / a chacht a chorp, IT iii 84 § 75 . Perh. also: créad do ghéandais san a.¤ (: falt) úd `in that case', PBocht 13.41 . Hence in phr. i n-a.¤ with gen. in a position to, able to: ná tathaoir T. / 's gan é i n-a.¤ bhur n-agallmha `as he cannot answer you', Content. iv l . ó taoi-se i n-a.¤ mh'agallmha, v l. gan é i n-a.¤ a agallmha it was impossible to speak to him(?), DDána 100.25 .

(e) way, manner: atat tri altai leusom for ind gabail i.e. they have three ways of chanting the psalms, Mon. Tall. 140.28 (§ 33) . noco n-a.¤ dōib taurcbāil a coss do neachtar de seach araile it is not their way (of two who always kept in step), TBC-I¹ 3312 . a.¤ mog mo coire (.i. is ē so gnīmrad mo coire), Anecd. v 23.5 . is ucht ra mórdílind a.¤ neich mar sein i trad-sa `action of anyone', CRR 40 . is essarcain cind fri hallib a.¤ neich mar sain, 42 . Freq. with prep. FO: nod slaid fón a.¤ cétna in the same manner, LU 3287 ( SCC 8 ). fond a.¤ sin, LL 280a23 ( SG 415.16 ). Also in phr. as cech a.¤ : cóir áli riu as cach a.¤ , LL 374c60 . fuaradar eg as cach a.¤ , MacCarthy 434 § 4 . But see: a Muire, mo bennacht ort | as cech n-alt 'O Mary, my blessing on thee in every part' Ériu xix 13 § 1 . ? a.¤ dár séan an binnse bláth `this brilliant Bench (sc. of justice) hath been our welfare's hinge', Ó Bruad. ii 276.20 .

Very common in chevilles: a.¤ cen imresain, SR 6038 . a.¤ co mbuadhaib, Anecd. i 73 § 215 . ald n-airge, ACL iii 293.z . drong tria a.¤ , IT i 78.31 . cen altu áig, Metr. Dinds. iv 98.91 . aichre a.¤ , Rawl. 148a3 .

Compds. ¤-bisech: th'earla bhíos ag breith ailtbhisigh increasing in length (?), DDána 114.6 . ¤-chaín: mānāis leathanglas fordūal altchāin uindsenn, TBC-I¹ 3346 `on a fair shaft of ash', Faraday. ¤-cháem: dfoghadhaibh altchaémha uinnsionn beautiful ash-handled javelins, AFM vi 2130.4 . ¤-chóir: aenmac altc[h]ōir, RC xxxvii 348 § 60 . ¤-géimnech: alt-gheimnech a n-a. `cracking of their joints', MR 256.20 . ¤-gorm: cloidhme altgorma, CF 880 . ¤-lethan: Echaid a. big-limbed, Fen. 28.22 .

bec

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bec or dil.ie/5512
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: lugimen, beag

adj o, ā small, little, of size, quantity, extent, physical and moral: b.¤ quasi ec ebraice paru[u]s interpretatur, , Corm. Y 151. duine beg gl. homunculus, Ir. Gl. 436. magnus et minus . . . mor ┐ beg, Auraic. 676. natat beca gl. non parua, Ml. 18b6 . cid na olc mb.¤ `even any little evil', 35d9 . atá debe m[b]ec nand, 40a20 . ma beth na galar b.¤ for corp duini, Thes. ii 245.34 (Cambr.). na brithemnachta becca `petty judgements', Wb. 9c8 . both b.¤ gl. umbraculo, Ml. 100c21 . inna mmacc ṁbecc, 123b12 . cid b.¤ cid már gl. quantitas, Sg. 28b7 . immar fa b.¤ `whether it be great or small', 73a16 . huan suidiu biuc gl. modica sesione, Ml. 135a14 . o aimsir bicc `for a little time', Wb. 5c2 . is becc rand aos túate ┐ lucht na sencheld mór ucut `the laity and the people of the great old churches yonder are of little worth', Mon. Tall. 137.4 nibo b.¤ in tech, Sc.M² 5. fri ré iúbili bicci .i. uii mbliadna, LU 4044. cansit ceól mb.¤ , LU 3274 ( SCC 7 ). ar thoirsi in meic bic do chosc, MU² 186. atchi tenid mbic `a little fire', RC xxiii 418.25 . id-bert an laoidh mbig si ann, ML² 1151. b.¤ cech glōr is cech gredan, Bruchst. i 62 § 143. dogní na briathra beca sa (of some lines of rhetoric), SG 371.18 . faillsighis . . . doibh-siumh an talamh mbiucc dia mbattar iarraidh .i. tir thairrngire, BNnÉ 77 § 148 . lethad baisi bigi (of a measure of bread), ZCP vi 286.10 . beag nglóire thú i dtalmhain (lit.) small as regards glory, Dán Dé viii 13 (but ex. may belong to subst. use below). más beag mór ar mbéim `all our sins, great and small', Aithd. D. 85.2 . ní fhuil dá éis dom scéimh acht scáil bheag, Keat. Poems 516. do chrích Banbha is beag re maoidheamh `small credit to B.', Aithd. D. 28.6 . b.¤ b.¤ very small, Ériu v 22.21 . becc nāt beg `not too tiny', K. and H. 10 (See Bull. Board of Celt. Stud. xxiv (1972) 484).

Compar. and superl. supplied by root *lug (cf. ). b.¤ ┐ lugum ┐ lugusomh, Auraic. 659. Compar. laugu (sic leg. laugi, MS), Wb. 6b12 . lugu, 16c26 , Ml. 23a13 . laigiu, 17c7 , Sg. 120b2 . lugha gl. minor, Ir. Gl. 1115. dleagait mic leigind . . . saire ada lugu a free status that is less (than that of higher-ranking men of letters), Laws v 102.6 . gnim nad lugu smacht for which the penalty is not less, IT i 70.19 . co nar ba luga hí . . . oltás orcc cránai it was no smaller than a young pig, PH 7210. ni lugu is machtnaigthi lim-sa I have no less reason to marvel, 1758 . gerba lugu d'ais ┐ do airrdi in gilla sin `of lesser age and height', TTebe 393 . Scotia Minor nó Scotia ba lugha, Keat. ii 5797. With DE: combad lugaite a nert i n-agid ríg Lagen that their strength might be the less, LL 6423. his laugudi a pennit, Ériu vii 154 § 2. ba lugaide a galarsom ón do suidiu `thus his sickness was alleviated', Ériu xii 166.7 . ro ba lughaide ro heccaoíneadh a oidheadh go ro thionnsccain sé dol ar bélaibh a athar `was the less lamented', AFM v 1778.1 .

Superl. : lugimen gl. minimam, Ml. 14c10 . is ē dēach is laigem, Corm. Y 447. cia luigem i fuillemaib gell, Laws v 376.1 . With form of compar. : ūair is é mer is lauga isin lāim é (the little finger), Corm. Y 809. na tri fira is luga a fenechus the three smallest (least in value), Cóic Con. 42 § 63 . i coneilg in neich is lughu, Auraic. 677. in aen lámh mharcaigh as luga rob olc `by no means one of the least expert horsemen', AFM vi 2040.11 . In adverbial phrases: na rachthai . . . co cend .x. ṁbliadan a n-as lugu de `at the least' ( TTr. 1776 ), LL 32574. in mēide is lugha dhe, Fl. Earls 178.z . adeirim nī sa lugha cúig Paidreacha at least , Parrth. Anma 777. muna rabha sí ann go follus, ní as lúgha de, bíodh sí a bhfolach none the less, Mac Aingil 2210 .

As adv. in d s. (in) biuc little, a little ; a while?), in some exx. perh. merely expletive: ma conatil biucc `if it has slept a little', Wb. 29d15 . in biucc gl. paulatim, Sg. 12b1 . cid in biucc `even in small measure', 39a25 . in biuc iarum gl. paulo post, Ml. 19b6 . in biuc `to a small degree', 122b7 . seōl bic romaind 'sa rōt cētna / a choss truag-sa, ACL iii 243 § 27. an biuc, a L. corot-aiciller, Sc.M² 9. tair bic ille, LU 3724 ( SCC 33 ). Compar. as adv. ind lugu gl. minus, Ml. 123c12 .

As subst. of persons and things small, petty, unimportant (of state, rank, possessions, etc.): ataat cetheora sabuid tuaithe noda-desruithetar i mbecaib who are degraded to small people, ZCP xvi 177 § 14 (= Laws i 54.8 ), see 184.23 . a becco, ol Fer Rogain, BDD² 888. nān .i. b.¤ ut dicitur, nanus .i. abac nō lucharbān, O'Mulc. 828. dona beaguibh (= paruulis, Psalms 118 ), Parrth. Anma 9 (title-page). In phr. o b.¤ (biuc) co mór both small and great i.e. everybody: tabhach cíosa ┐ cána Maodhóg o bhecc go mór `from small and great', BNnÉ 203 § 44 , cf. v.l., n.3. na coiglidh enduine acu o b.¤ co mor, Fier. 131. donangatarsidhe ó bhiug co mór, Hugh Roe 108.10 . Cf. etir b.¤ ┐ mór both small and great, Ml. 114b17 .

As subst. o, n. a little, a little while, etc., smallness, fewness : beag, m. IGT Decl. § 65. cid a mb.¤ gl. uel paululum, Ml. 29b12 . b.¤ gl. paulum, Sg. 14a11 . Études Celt. xi 110. iṁforling hícc a mbeicc rochreti `of the few of them', Wb. 5b21 . is becc rofitemmarni i rrúnaib dǽe, 12c5 . cid beicc daucbaid si `of little worth', Wb. 21c12 . is hed a mbeccsin nammá dogníu di maith, 24a12 . cid b.¤ ṅdi ulc, Ml. 46a1 . cid cen na b.¤ ndo síd and `even without a little of peace there', 51a5 . ní b.¤ dia ndergeni forcenn a sailm `it is no small thing', 69c7 . corrobu b. du essarcnaib furodamair, 131b12 . becc torbai little profit, Thes. ii 296.4 . a mbecc mín `the small light diet', Mon. Tall. 152.20 . a mb.¤ arathá . . . doṁsaegulsa during the little that remains of my life, RC iii 179.9 . edrad fota do biuc (bicc, v.l.) buair `long the milking time for a few cattle', Ériu v 116.8 . dochóidseom trá i nnem arin ṁb. sin do maith, LL 36833. don ti rucc becc h'innmusa, RC xxvi 366.4 . beg dá hioth do-chúaidh ar gcúl, IGT Decl. ex. 1093. as beag do geabhthar do dhaoinibh fíréanta a small number, Desid. 2257. beag ga bhfoil an ceart ar chuimhne ` few ', Aithd. D. 38.5 . ar uathadh sluaigh ┐ ar beg mbuidhne, AFM v 1662.3 . Of time: ni bia do m'fhuirech-sa anosa mar-oen frit . . . acht b.¤ bet oc tuba h'uilc . . . i t'agaid, PH 8230. dar thrachtsam beg roimhe so `a short time', Geneal. Tracts 53.5 .

With prec. possess. 3 s.: rochotail a becc slept a while, TBC-I¹ 2513. nír codail a b.¤ an aidhchi sin he did not sleep at all, ZCP x 307.18 . ni rucsat a beg ar a m-buidnib they quite failed to overtake, Celt. Rev. iv 206.20 . dá leigeadh a lámha síos a bheag nó a mhór, Eochairsg. 54.5 . hi tōeb na conaire anair a bic `a little to the east', Dinds. 20. gan a bheg `not a whit', Duan. F. i 53.20 . dubhairt-sean nach raibhe a bheag `he said it was nothing', Keat. ii 5272.

With neg. verb and follg. DI anything at all, the smallest quantity: ní romill a becc din chasail (= permanente cassula tantum intacta quod ignis non tetigit), Lat. Lives 11.12 . na beiridh a bhecc da bhar nettaighibh libh asin luing, BNnÉ 54 § 55 . ní haithristear a bheag da scéalaibh `no tidings whatever are given of them', Keat. ii 2571. Cf. nochon do biuc bae dia brīg not slight was his power, ZCP viii 217 § 5.

In phr. acht b.¤ almost, nearly: fri re tri n-uairi acht b.¤ , PH 550. dia bualad co mbo marb acht b.¤ so that he was nearly dead, LU 3290 ( SCC 8 ). roscarsatur ar cuirp fri ar n-anmannaib acht b.¤ `have all but separated', MacCarthy 66.23 . acht madh beac, Fl. Earls 168.23 . b.¤ ná, b.¤ nach almost, nearly (i.e. little but that): b.¤ nachamralae i nderchóiniud ón `I have almost fallen into despair', Ml. 90c17 . b.¤ nád múchtha doíne impu were nearly stifled, TBFr. 272. beag nach brisiodh mo chroidhe / gach dán roimhe da gcumainn, Studies 1918, 618 § 11 . beg do Tuadmumain nár thrían / do bí ag M. M. held almost a third of Thomond, Caithr. Thoirdh. 136.15 . go raibhe trian bhfear nÉireann ré filidheacht beagnach, Keat. iii 1462. So also: is b.¤ mā dorinnus ariam gnīomh . . . badh doilghe liom do dhēanamh hardly , Feis Tighe Chonáin 1469. is beac ma ba oirrdearca C. `C. . . . was scarcely more illustrious', CF 411. Cf. is b.¤ cid dia fesstar a chenél `his kin will be almost unknown', RC xxiv 176.5 .

With copula and follg. prep. is b.¤ do it is little, insufficient (for): ba becc duitsiu cometecht dossom `it were little for thee (sic leg.) to be indulgent to him', Wb. 10c10 . ba b.¤ ṅdamsa mad buith cen chotlud tantum , Ml. 95d13 . Hence with neg. it is enough; an bhraid-sin nochar bheag dí `grief enough for her', Dán Dé ii 23 . ní beag dó dá chora i gcéill / an fhola féin i ló an Luain, Aithd. D. 100.33 . ní beag seal don bhaois, Dánta Gr. 102.2 . níor bheag aon aifrionn amháin do rádh ar gach n-anam a single mass would suffice, Eochairsg. 51.20 . cá b.¤ do ? is it not enough (for) ?: ca beag dóibh so do robhadh?, KMMisc. 352.3 . cár bheag dhuid aithmhéala inn ? `would not repentance satisfy thee ?' Aithd. D. 34.5 . cá beag sin dá chur i gcéill ? isn't that enough to make it clear ? Dánta Gr. 85.8 . is (ní) b.¤ la deems insufficient; thinks little of: is beic (g s.) lim in bríg sin ced molad ced tatháir domberaidsi domsa is beicc limsa a bríg `little do I care', Wb. 82d1 . as becc lem slechtain dó I think it beneath me to make obeisance to him, BNnÉ 13 § 13 . mó as beag lé burba na bhfear `small account did she (viz. Eamhain) make of', Content. xxx 35. fá beag leó . . . iad féin ┐ a sochar do bhuain don duine `they did not hesitate' (Vocab.), TSh. 3065. ní beg limm do biadh gu bráth / balad mo chráibi cáimhe, Anecd. i 34.23 . ná bad begc la hingin ríg hErenn feis lais that the daughter of the King of Ireland should deem it no small honour to sleep with him, BColm. 88.8 . doraid in saer nar' beg lais do shaegul usci do thoidecht docum in muilinn (= sufficit mihi vivere donec), RC xii 344 § 39. adubradarsan nar beg leo féin a fheabhus sin they thought that excellent (i.e. an offer of billeting), L. Chl. S. § 9.12 . is b.¤ ar thinks little of, considers insignificant; despises, dislikes: sgéal is beag ar a mbuachail, Ir. Syll. Poetry 29 § 3. is beg oram cáil na mban, Duan. F. i 85.31 . beg air imurro caingean na namad . . . uair ra dhlighsiot `he thought little of the doings of the enemies . . . for they were entitled to it', TFrag. 154.13 . is bec orumsa gach uile leiges lagtach isin cuis so acht clisteri (= abhorreo), Rosa Angl. 288.16 . gidh beg ormsa S., Ériu v 184.1 . an tí do dhéanadh math . . . dhóibh, go madh é budh lugha orra, Gadelica 38.65 . is lughaidi orum tú beth a t-[S]axanach . . . uair is don talam-sin in dias is lugha orum tainic riam, ZCP vi 87.21 . gidh ard thú ó threibh fhola, / dola i gclú leibh ní lugha you are just as intent on becoming famous, L. Cl. A. B. 215.20 .

In nn. loc.: in herinn bicc bebais `in Becc-Eriu', Fél. Apr. 23. Augustin Insi Bice, Lat. Lives 42.2 . See Hog. Onom.

In n. pr.: feil Brain Bic, Fél. May 18 .

Compds.

(a) With nouns. .x. mbuair . . . mbecalma, Ériu ii 4.11 . ¤baile: go mbeg-bailtip `villages', Fl. Earls 82.20 . ¤brat ina becbrataib `in his swaddling clothes´ Blathm. 34 . ¤déntaid `small worker ' (one of categories of wives with specific activities, see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 34.32 ): masa beccdentaidh, gunudh seiseadh no nomadh gnimha a fir aiccisi ann sein, Laws ii 410.7 Comm. issed da ní beccdentaidh dissi banaicidh (sic) uaidhsiumh ina aighidsi `what makes her a small worker is to have feminine implements supplied by him', 22 Comm. ¤dolb: (in rhetoric) iba srúaim sruthborr slán lam broind begdolb crú, LL 13860. ¤ecla of little fear . pn As epithet: Conaing B., ZCP viii 337.20 . ¤enech of small honour: comairge béldub b.¤ , Tec. Corm. 33.2 . ¤ḟola, small stock, cattle: .x. mbuair mbecfolad . . . glossed: .i. cáirigh nó gabhair nó dairt , Ériu ii 4.10 . ¤grend short-beard: Tuirenn Beggreann, Cóir Anm. ii § 159 . ¤a small thing, a trifle: dorindi in ridiri bagar ┐ becni do briathraibh Sir Gyi, ZCP vi 32.26 . ¤popul little (lowly) people: is cend daim for dartoid [.i.] mōrpersan for becphopul, O'Mulc. 753. ¤ṡaegal short life: gan uamhan báis nō begs[h]aogail, ML² 1189. ¤ṡed little interest, heed: teirce a-cách an creideamh cóir / beigsheadh ag cách san chanóin, DDána 57.1 . ¤ṡelb: i lennmhain a mbegṡelbha bó `their few cattle', Hugh Roe 84.20 . ¤ṡluag a small company, host: is doras bāls beg-s[h]luag, ML² 1384. With vn. ¤carthain: gan bhríogh i mbeag-charthain séad `paltry love of treasures', Content. xxix 13.

(b) With adjj. derived from nouns: ¤cíallda having little sense, weak-witted: boathán builidh beig-ciallda, TSh. 1721. ¤cosach short-stalked: (of a plant) luib b.¤ , ACL i 330 § 11 . ¤cridech small-hearted, hard-hearted: aderthar gurab duine cruaidh no beccchroidhech thu, Ériu v 138 § 124. ¤dígbálach of little harm: neithi iat sein . . . begdighbalacha, Irish Texts v 2 7. ¤eclach fearless: Conaing B., LL 2491. ¤ḟoltach having little substance, `inops': sochla brīg b.¤ , ZCP v 503.1 . ¤lachtach yielding little milk: comét in buair bec-lachtaig, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.26 . ¤menmnach dispirited: dobhí se go brónach begmhenmnach, Ériu v 196.33 . ¤náirech impudent, shameless: m'iaraidh-si do bhancheile led' bogbhriathraib begnaracha, ZCP vi 26.16 . ¤nertach having little strength, weak: biaid in bhuidhe becnertach (of a plague), SG 21.4 . ¤nertmar: don chriosdáidhe óg bhíos maoth beignertmhar, Ó Héodhusa 195.13 . ¤thuicsech feeble-witted: an téigentach bocht begthuigsech sin, Ériu v 166.34 . ¤uiscech: biaidh . . . an geimhreadh . . . beag-uisceach `scarce of water', Corp. Astron. 64.7 . Note also artificial compd. ¤máo: in b.¤ máo (? leg. becmáo) .i. is b.¤ as máo oldáusa .i. is b.¤ in derscugud gl. paruo maior quam ego, Sg. 45a15 .

Note also: muiti .i. mifothai . . . .i. b.¤ caithte a foghur, Auraic. 467.

1 búar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 búar or dil.ie/7284
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: buar, buar

n o, n. (bó). b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 96. Us. as coll. cows, cattle, herd(s): buar .i. ba, O'Cl. ealbha, b.¤, speil, tréud, Eg. Gl. 255. doria buar buara, O'Dav. 732. la buar búirech `bellowing cattle', Celtica vi 235 ( buire, Laws iv 20.6 ). dilsi buair, ibid. deichde a b.¤ , Críth G. 132. ba sé sin b.¤ Flidais, LU 1632 (see Heldensage 317). di maigib in búair, 4677 (TBC). cia beir b.¤ o thig Temrach ?, LL 1566. crich ḟer ḟind ḟoghlas bu buair, IT iii 88 § 104. an cheall guna b.¤ bennach, BNnÉ 287.5 . ar cúl a mbó ┐ a mbuair, AFM iii 222.15 .

Of hosts of people : a Fíachaig Find búair fherda | do-rochair rí roEmna 'by Fíachu Find of a manly host did the king of great Emain fall', Three Historical Poems 154 q. 128c-d . buar namat, RC xvii 137.17 'a host', Contribb. 285. b.¤ súad .i. airchetla beca ara tabraiter bae do suid, RC xxvi 22 § 66.

Less freq. in pl.: ro ir dam . . . .x. mbuair (mbuar, v.l.) .i. cáirigh nó gabhair nó dairt , Ériu ii 4.10 . .ui. buar `six cows', Laws iii 60.4 Comm. imad buar , YBL 174a8 . bō-ghéimnech na mbuar, ML² 1172.

Compds. búar-brat cattle-spoils , Metr. Dinds. iii 82.72 . ¤cholt, see 1 colt. fa bhúarghraighibh, Hy Maine 141.5 . um bhuairsbré, DDána 118.29 .

1 colp(th)ach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 colp(th)ach or dil.ie/10534

 

Forms: calpach, calptach

n ā, f. (colp(th)ae) yearling heifer (c.¤ ḟirenn yearling bull(ock)): sēt gabla . . . dartait firend ┐ colpac[h] bonend, nō colpach (colpdac, MS.) firend ┐ dartaid boinend, Corm. Y 209 . méit chori cholbthaige cechtar a dá glune, LU 6952 (BDD). teoir colp[d]acha firenna, Críth G. 371 (colpacha, colp̄dai, MSS.). imtoin[g] colpdaig nó a lóg, 42 . commet re colptaig mbliadne, RC xxvi 136 § 10 . airigh feada: . . . colpach ina ngablaib a c.¤ as a fine for cutting . . . , Laws iv 146.23 . colpach ocht scribuill . . . colpach se screpoll, v 172.2 , 4 Comm. ina gcolpacha no ina samaisce ro gadagh iat ┐ ina mbuaib mora ro haibreadh iat, O'Curry 2157 ( Eg. 88, 4 ). dairt cethri screpaill ┐ colpach ocht screpaill, ┐ samaisc da screpall dec, O'Curry 1266 ( H 3.18, 513 ). i cind trí mbliadan . . . laígh na cétbliadna, samaisc iat isin bliadhain dédenaigh ┐ laígh na bliadna medonaighe colbpada [iat] isin bliadhain dédhenaigh ┐ laigh na bliadna dedenaige dairti iat i cinn na bliadna sin, O'D. 930 - 1 ( H 3.17, 658b ). ag cach dini dairt ┐ colpach ┐ samaisc, 930 (ibid.). samaisci ┐ colpacha . . . .i. minchethra, Laws i 190.7 Comm. colpdach . . . nó a llóg isí unga chána domnaig insin, Ériu ii 208 § 30 . acolbthach acendach ndaim (as term of contempt), IT iii 69 § 12 . calpach gl. juvenca, Ir. Gl. 164 . calptach gl. bínna, 162 . damogam .i. tarb ar aicmi bethi . . . colpthach firenn ar aicmi . . . muine, BB 311a12 . lailiucha na colpacha ina ré (of a good king), CF 73.9 . colpach bhainnean, Numbers xix 2 . `colluid, colpach, seachbhuidh, a heifer, a cow', Eg. Gl. 187 . Applied to an older beast: colpach thri mblíadhan d'aóis, Gen. xv 9 . In sobriquet: Mac Cuirr na cColpthach, AFM ii 1110.3 .

c.¤ trín calf worth one-third of full-grown cow: tri colpthacha trin ar boin, Ir. Recht 13 § 14 n.9 . colpach trin bó, O'D. 245 ( H 3.17, 197 ). Cf. colp[ta] trín ┐ da cholpthaigh cethraime, Ériu xiii 45.13 .

By extension: colpach capuill `a colt', AU iii 310.17 . calpach doim (of a deer), Acall. 6712 v.l.

See leth compds.

cráeb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cráeb or dil.ie/12707
Last Revised: 2013

 

n ā, f.

(a) branch, bough; sprig; rod, wand; post : ni cech cnú fociṅg dia croíb, LL 19134 . etir moin céir ┐ craib, 34903 ( MU² 463 ). co tuca chroíb dam din chaírthend, Fraech 194 . aithsceinm craibi tar ais, Laws v 156.14 . colpach ína ngablaib, dairt ina craebaib, iv 146.23 (see gabul). craeb . . . olachraind, TTebe 2007 . crāeb ola, ACL iii 238 § 8 . as craobh ria na bláth écc ind ḟir hisin (prov. of untimely death), AFM ii 1114.13 . Cf. ni coilte cra[eb] r[ian]a bláth, Éigse ii 184 § 5 ( LL 374c28 ). léiccis cráobha . . . lécciss coilcthi (? branches strewn for bedding. Poss. w.r.t. bracken or heather branches or perhaps a wooden (or wickerwork) bed-frame , Ériu xxvi 95 ), ZCP viii 198 §§ 16 , 17 . fo chiamhair chraobh `among the gloom of branches', BS 24.13 . craeb sidha a laim gach aeinfir dibh olive-branch , ZCP vi 48.9 . atait 5 craoba ar in luibh so springs, ACL i 332.60 . an té do-ní craoibh don chnaoi (viz. God), DDána 42.30 . is amlaid documlai in mac ┐ craeb airgdide uaso . . . Craeb óir . . . uasna ollamnaib. Craeb umai úasna filedaib archena a golden wand, LL 24227 . Cf. bun(n)sach. craobh conaire signpost , LBranach 1004 . craobh eóluis ar oinigh Aodh, 361 . mithidh damhsa . . . / . . . do chuir ar chraoibh, a chompáin to put away, to put aside (to an old cloak), Hackett² 31.26 , 29 . c.¤ luirg see 1 lorg . rod on which ogam was written: cairechtaire Gaoidhelge . . . sgríobhtha 'na bhfleasga ar chraobhaibh, Celtica i 97.309 . Hence: an carachtaire ele . . . goirthear ogham-chraobh (leg. ogham craobh ?) dhe, 306 .

(b) tree, bush : in chróeb i Cind Febrat, Metr. Dinds. iii 230.68 (? ref. to in t-ibar (sic leg.) of 49, 53). unnius i (? Í) Tortain . . . / unnius Uisnig . . . / tuitset na craiba, LL 27698 . teg mór ffer, ┐ ech, docum craoibhe Fert Luighdheach, Ériu xiii 44.10 . ealta minén ar fud craíbhe éigin, CF² 883 . táinic . . . amach as lár craóibhe = out of the midst of a bush, Exodus iii 2 . In phr. fo chráeib out of doors, in the open(?): encorach dicitur duine fossad fo craeph, O'Mulc. 398 (`or fochraib ?' ed.). codlaim fa chraoibh 'san ess, BS 136.16 . Of particular trees: C. Da Thi / . . . crand na sluag, LL 27692 . unnius im̄ Craeb Belaig Da Thi, 27683 . Craeb Uisnig, 27647 . For mod. le (ar na) craobhachaibh ` mad, crazy ', see Ó Cuív, Éigse viii 104 - 5 .

(c) In a wide variety of transfd. meanings.

Of persons: in chróib co mbláthib (of Brigit), Thes. ii 325.20 (Hy. iv). Áed . . . c.¤ chomlán do thennad túath, LL 17038 . in chrōib chāin chumra (a warrior), Bruchst. 122 . a chraobh bhíthe bhanda, DDána 80.28 (to a lady). craobh na rosg ruadh (of Conn), ML 122.11 .

Of locks of hair: a bháirr . . . na gcraob gcam, O'Gr. Cat. 456.7 . le hearla na gcraobh gcumhraidhe, DDána 109.8 . cíoradh na gcraobh, Magauran 976 .

Of weapons: crōib glec lāich ina lāmaib (description of Cú Chulainn in his chariot), TBC-I¹ 2571 . in C.¤ Glasach .i. claidem . . . F., Acall. 2192 .

Of a branched wand or staff from which bells were suspended: craebh sidhamhail . . . co tri hublaibh dergoir fuirre, Manners and Customs iii 317 n. 313 f. Cf. i. dxxxvii. eistecht risin ceol dogníd in cræbh, IT iii 193.22 . ro croith in craib Sencha ┐ contoíset Ulaid uli fris, LU 8421 ( FB 29 , H). c.¤ chréduma ra haird a gúaland (of Sencha), LL 35114 ( MU² 749 ). craeb ṡída ┐ forṡidaigthi Fian Érenn, Acall. p. 329.22 . Note further: ar mbreith bhúaidhe cheóil chraoibhe music of the harp(?), IGT Decl. ex. 1165 . ná déin dearmod don chraoibh chiuil, Bard. P. 46.8 . ó ṡeinm na gcraobh gciúil, TD 14.7 . glór bhar síodhchraobh seanma, DDána 68.21 .

Of branching decorative work, arabesque : cráeba cailce for a cliu (of a shield), Eg. 88, 19a cited Contribb. 503 . feilm óir na gcraobh gcorcra, DDána 75.40 . tre chraobhoibh do chuach n-órtha, O'Hara 4363 . craísech chráebh n-úaine, IGT Decl. ex. 1205 .

Of waves: ar chorp mar chraobha tonn, Magauran 1004 .

In sense of pedigree, genealogy, descent, branch of a family tree; scion : do fremaib ┐ do bunud ┐ do craébaib, BB 411a33 . ar bhfréamh chraobhei-ne ime, DDána 70.17 . cráobh do chin óna Collaibh, IGT Decl. ex. 1330 . Freq. c.¤ choibnesa, c.¤ geinelaig: cade a craeb choibniusa? pedigree , Metr. Dinds. iv 346.7 . a c.¤ choibniusa (sic leg.) fri Grécaib common descent (of the Trojans), LL 30859 ( TTr. 41 ). triúr anuas . . . / d'Anna sa chraoibh choibhneasa, Dán Dé xi 12 . craobha geinealaigh Gaoidheal, DDána 72.21 . See coibnius.

Note also: hi trūaill . . . findarcait ūas chrōebaib(?) a chnis, TBC-I¹ 2342 . deisme neómain im chét c.¤ (dees imomain im chet croeb, YBL), TBC-LL¹ 4958 ( LL 11620 ). ? cionnus lat tré chraoibh na cána / mac an tsaoir do rádha ris (of Christ), DDána 26.6 . cuanna arna threaghdadh a thaobh / ag cealgadh craobh uadha d'fhíon, Dán Dé xxvi 21 . gach craobh chorr, O'Hara 2444 (`each rounded limb'). craobh uaine ad shuil mar shamfhrais, Celtic Scotland iii 424 , xlii (`beam'). craobh barr-dheigh-ṡleagh a barr sin `whose glory is pre-eminence in sharp good lances', Content. xxix 17 . ? cach sathe díib rogab crúib, ZCP viii 308.20 .

Freq. in nn. loc.., see Hog. Onom .

Compds. General sense branching, spreading , but freq. merely for alliterative or other metrical purposes. With nouns and vns. 'san gcraobh-bhanna phéacach, Keat. Poems 304 (`flowing riband, branching band', Gloss.). fás a craobhchall, DDána 64.21 . craebcoroin . . . do nat[h]rac[h]aiph neimde, CCath. 4119 . craebdearca Conaill, MR 116.21 . atbath craobhdhos bhile mhóir, Aonghus, Keat. iii 707 (quotation). i torchair cain craebdus / Oengus ┐ Eithne (cheville), LL 23505 (c.¤ + dos ?). ós chionn do cheathra gcraobh-fhabhra branching lashes and eyebrows , DDána 114.14 . in chliat[h]sa ni craebhḟál `fence of branches', Gorm. 9 . tré chroeb[ḟ]odail, ZCP viii 307.1 (rhet.). craebhfhoghla . . . caibniusa tuath `genealogical ramifications', MR 98.14 . techtughudh . . . cu cruibh ime temporary fence(?), O'D. 2272 ( Rawl. B 506, 23cd ). arm áigh craoibhlíne ` engraved ', O'Hara 683 . tre Mhagh gC. na gcraoibhleas, DDána 74.50 . atād trī caoga craobh-ogham aguinn ogham written on staves, Celtica i 97.306 . Conall . . . uaind ro geinedh in craebh-shlat, MR 310.20 . laoch … craobhshūileach bushy-eyed Celtica xiii 42.103 . craebhthonna spreading waves(?), CF 926 .

With adjj. a Caiseal craebchorr, BB 60b40 . tré ghéarlasair chraobh-dheirg, Keat. Poems 351 . clanna . . . craeb-gasta, MR 118.18 . mar bhláth éadtrom chraobhghlas, Keat. Poems 288 . dreach craobhghoirthe `bright-curved', O'Hara 1907 . go Cliaigh gcr[a]oibhiodhain, DDána 109.3 . a ghruaidh chraobhnár mar chrithre, Aithd. D. 34.6 (`o'erspread with fiery blush'). in t-abhra réidh craobhnocht, O'Hara 4457 (`curving'). um chlár gcraobhsholus gCobhthaigh, Aithd. D. 16.25 . fuairshreabha an chalaidh chraobhshona, 4.8 (`tree-rich'). cuingeda . . . craeb-uaisli `free-born', MR 246.3 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: craibdig .i. . . . craeb-bethadaig (etymol. gl.), Fél.² xxxi 16 . go Cruachain gcraobhchollaigh, Aithd. D. 4.13 . clar-sceimelta . . . craeb-dathacha cath-sciath, MR 224.5 . in Craebhghlasach, claidem F., Acall. 2244 . dh'éis luit do chuilg cráoibhlitrigh, O'R. Poems 109 . na cromsróna . . . craebhshilteacha, CF² 288 . D. . . . / na sul ngormall craebhsuirgeach, IGT Met. Faults § 149 . gu Céis cráebthorthuigh Coruinn, Anecd. i 31 § 49 .

See cruibe.

crann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crann or dil.ie/12753
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cruinn, crunn

n o, n. later (LU) m. g s. cruinn (later (LU) crainn), d s. crunn (see GOI 50 ). c.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 74 .

(a) tree : crand .i. crē a fond, Corm. Y 234 . as máthir aṡotho feissin cach nóen ch.¤ , Sg. 65a6 . luib ┐ ní c.¤ gl. siler, 65a9 . inchruinn toirthig fruit-tree , Ml. 15b13 . dochrunn fessin gl. arbuta, Sg. 61b8 (leg. don . . . ?, Edd.). 61b13 , 65a7 . cranna doiscairi gl. lignorum uilium, Ml. 92d6 . etir anmmann innac.¤ ┐ anmmann atoraid innac.¤ sin, Sg. 61b3 . a (sic MS.) crand mór, Vita Br. 35 . dober donchraunn inn-ubull (Satan to Eve), SR 1272 . no benfad a crand, LU 4829 (TBC). Nath Coirpthe occá chrannaib, 5814 . tri chrand co torud, LL 32927 . ní lassamain cech n-óenchrand `a single log does not flame' (prov.), TBC-LL² 2041 . fear fongaib c.¤ mbech hi faithchi `a man who finds bees in a tree', . . . Laws iv 194.18 . na aidérad clocha ná crunnu, LU 4046 . tregort c.¤ tre c.¤ cu `stake', Ériu xxi 130.13 . crand dond ḟīnemain find, ACL iii 238 § 10 . mac in chraind a parrdus a seedling from the tree . . . , Airne F. 53 . mór do chuid do na crannaibh, PBocht 11.24 (prov.(?), Ed.). fá tharr chroinn under a tree, TSh. 9000 . ? nach fuirmhithe do chodhnach c.¤ occ cuimreach a chórusa, Ériu xiii 21.29 . See 1 fír .

With qual. gen. of particular types of tree: eccla croinn áis an áraidh, ACL iii 216.17 `quick-set tree', P. O'C. im gcrand ngabala appropriated tree, Laws i 202.2 .i. in c.¤ crosta, 206.8 Comm. tria crand in tairmtechtais (tree of knowledge of good and evil), PH 3934 . co crand an imarbois, 2393 . c.¤ na haithne, DDána 10.4 . crand in báis, PH 2392 . crann bethe, Eg. Gl. 705 . coirt croind critaig `aspen', Rosa Angl. 260.17 . crand figed, Grail 1458 . c.¤ fir `test-tree' (1 fír), Laws iv 146.27 . crand gíus gl. hec pinus, Ir. Gl. 563 . crand greni ┐ crand esca, ZCP xxx 136.z (Alex.). crand lauír gl. laurus, Ir. Gl. 564 . duilléag chroinn ola, Gen. viii 11 . dulli crand palmi, PH 872 . ? crann sálais, Keat. Poems 532 . c.¤ Sédair cedar, Psalms xcii 12 . c.¤ teile lime, Isaiah vi 13 . ris a nuile ch.¤ túise, Cant. iv 14 .

Transfd. crand gel is tīr (of ray of sun), Four Songs 12 § 13 . Of persons: ón chronn chnuais, DDána 103.29 . Cairbre an c.¤ fa tiogh dtaraidh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 69 § 13 . crainn tug cúl re cáin chléire ` blockheads ', Ó Bruad. iii 150.22 . crann bagair a ghaolta protector , Párl. na mB. 183 . crann mela sponsor, patron (lit. honey tree): Conallaigh mo chroinn mheala | Connachtaigh 's iad m'oideadha 'the Conallaigh were my patrons, the Connachtaigh my teachers', Ériu lxiv 176 § 2.19 . géag chumhra do chin ó Chonn | ag sin mo lubhghort, mo lionn | fáth mo cheana do ríomh rann | ar gcrann meala go bhfíon fionn, Éigse xi 5 . a chroinn mheala `honey-laden trees', O'Hara 4069 ​.

(b) wood (material), timber: c.¤ cruínd immuambiat ocuan denum gl. rotæ, Ml. 18b4 . c.¤ condid gl. lignum `fire-wood', Thes. ii 226.33 . c.¤ a mbís de ós usce . . . íarann a mbís i n-usci, Airne F. 165 . etir cloich ┐ crand (a building), RC xviii 39.31 (Tig.). Cf. a laithe an chrīarta / bud c.¤ leo a cinn wood, ZCP viii 208.32 .

Attrib. g s. claidiub craind wooden sword, LU 5417 (TBC). 5641 . coss chraind, LL 38614 . each croinn (of Cross), Aithd. D. 65.36 . airm crainn, Maund. 161 . caislén crainn, 162 . Note also: saoir chruinn ┐ chloch carpenters and stonemasons, Párl. na mB. 262 .

(c) staff, pole, bar, stock, plank, beam, axis; article or tool of wood: crand tochartaigh, see tochartach. cen garmna cruind `beam of loom', Metr. Dinds. iv 332.9 . c.¤ tara tech (sic leg.) (let) a piece of wood (be placed) over their coop (hens), Laws ii 118.13 Comm. a chrand cromchend crozier (of Patrick), Trip.² 341 . croind croma, SG 44.25 . mo ch.¤ bassa walking staff , Aithd. D. 1.29 . mind lestraib . . . eiric . . . isin crand handle(?), Laws iii 192.2 Comm. dairt i c.¤ n-airidi rail, Críth G. 223 . o crund co fraig, LU 7376 `wooden rail (or partition?)', BDD² Gloss . doratad c.¤ ar chleith (sic leg.) airi the house was firmly secured (i.e. by a wooden bolt?), Trip.² 604 . ni baí crand dond indsi fri aroile beam , Anecd. i 2.5 (SCano). c.¤ mbith see 2 bí. a llos a lín is a craind fishing-rod , LU 3072 ` boat ', Fél. 52.31 . dá chrand cháela (of bier), Bard. P. 53.13 . an c.¤ baoi tresen idh ` bar ', Hugh Roe² 14.17 . glaisíarna . . . / do cuireadh leo for crannoibh frames , Duan. F. i 92.1 . c.¤ crithir `unsteady plank', Dán Dé viii 6 . c.¤ mna fighi distaff , BNnÉ 191.24 . c.¤ suaite na braisce ` mixing-stick ', Lism. L. 302.18 . do ch.¤ tealaich fire-raker , Oss. ii 38.w . doiligh léimeanna c.¤ gceart (of steps of ladder), Aithd. D. 62.20 . c.¤ snais, 27.34 (`some weaver's tool(?)', note).

Of spearshaft, spear : for crund a duirnd Diarmató, LU 9690 . gai . . . gormrúadh . . . fora chrund, 7202 (BDD). la crand for scīathu banging spearshafts on shields (in driving a bull), TBC-I¹ 1357 . núall fri crunnu sleg, Metr. Dinds. iii 22.287 . síodh fan gc.¤ do chuaidh treimhit ` lance ', Dán Dé iv 9 . croinn fhoghadh spearshafts , O'R. Poems 15 . sróll taisgreanta ar c.¤ (um ch.¤ v.l.) ga chur (of battle-standard), IGT Decl. ex. 1227 .

Of Cross (calque from Lat. lignum Deutsche, Kelten und Iren 99 ): crist coc[runn achr]uche foir gl. cum lignis, Tur. 123 . conidainm dunchrunn gl. crux Christi, Wb. 8a5 . dul sa ch.¤ going on the cross, Dán Dé vi 15 .

Mast, steering oar : dorat . . . c.¤ fri tír he pushed off, Trip.² 359 . ar[r]o-tógaibseat . . . na séola for na crundu, BDD² 477 . seólad crand dar muir ` ships ', ZCP i 112.z . nuair a shuidheadh iad air a crann cèille 'mast (?)' SGS xviii 106.25 .

Of bed or part thereof: Conall . . . etir ┐ crand, LU 3299 (SC). nonbur for craund siúil, 7607 (BDD). See séol . luid do crunn ┐ do uaitni (of childbirth), Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 43.34 .

Of axis in ogam writing: is amlaid imdreangair crand . . . saltrad fora freim in croind ar tus, Auraic. 949 .

Of wooden musical instrument: cuisle .i. c.¤ ciuil, O'Curry 963 ( H 3.18, 415 ). trí duirn isin crand chiuil (of harp), Acall. 617 . téda do chroinn, Bard. P. 25. 3 . crand glesta gl. plectrum, Ir. Gl. 719 . Laws i 126.32 Comm. in c.¤ cíuil aicci . . . a thimpan, Acall. 3456 .

Note also: crand airgit post (?), LU 3700 ( SCC 33 ). sdiall ar chapur a cc.¤ ┐ a ccrannoca airgid `bars and ingots of silver', TFrag. 8.10 .

(d) wooden piece used in casting lots; lot, destiny, fate: di chorcruinn gl. de ligno sortis, Tur. 132 . tri craind do cur a n-usci .i. crand na flatha ┐ crand in ollaman ┐ crand in lít[h]igh (that belonging to the guilty party sank, etc.), IT iii 192.7 - 8 . a leith craind cuirithir, O'Curry 437 ( H 3.18, 236a ). co[r] c.¤ fors in lestrai naile (leg. n-uili) lots are to be cast between all the hives (to determine liability for a bee-sting), Laws iv 178.10 . focherdsam crandchur . . . Mo chrandsa . . . taet ass ar tús . . . is cétchrand co torud chraind dedenaig, LL 12684 - 6 `a first lot with fruit of a last lot', RC xiv 407 . forcerdar c.¤ eturru, Laws iv 172.9 . ni bia . . . na ccrand cóir in their true destiny, Cog. 98.10 . do thuit an crand for righ Midhe, BNnÉ 298.6 . Cf. is e crand t'fhir phosta . . . an gradh, mar is e c.¤ an diabhail an fuath, Smaointe B. Chr. 1888 - 90 (see n.).

Compds. With nouns: bolg as ambid crannbelan little wooden opening, Laws i 152.27 Comm. im crandbolg `leather scoop', 150.9 . delbsat crann-búar cobsaid `stout kine of wood', Metr. Dinds. ii 218.41 . crandc[h]aingel .i. crannc[h]līath andsin .i. clīath isin c[h]rann eter laocha ┐ clēirc[h]u, Corm. Y 371 , see caingel O'Cl. acc imordughudh cranncaistiall `wooden stands', Stair Erc. 142 . ní rucsat úaim acht crandchert `justice dealt by a spear', TBC-LL² 3052 . an chrannchruit, Hackett² 17.w . croicionn crannchon na coille, Duan. F. i 33.23 ` pine-martin ', iii 332 . crannchú bís ic roduine, Acall. 5573 . crandord do gnídh, Manners and Customs 376 n. (cf. c. fri scíathu supra). crann dordan .i. crónán ┐ dordán, O'Cl. cranndretel cuirn (in list of dispensers), Triads 231 . lorg na crannlachan, SG 264.12 ` teal ', Contribb. 506 . don chronnlaoch `decrepit old man', Ó Bruad. i 106.21 . ? gur éirig in grian ina crandmill cró, CCath. cited Contribb. 506 . mors . . . Conaill Chrandomnai, RC xvii 211.6 (Tig.) (leg. -domna ?). cloch-sairsi ┐ crann-sairsi carpentry, Laws v 92.z . do crannsciathuip, CCath. 4949 . ? deadlaid craisech re crand-scem (leg. -éim: thréin), Metr. Dinds. iii 358.44 . ó rinn crainn-shleighe ` spear-point ', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 9 . do scríobh i gcranntáibhlibh 'wooden tablets', Keat. ii 101 . With adjj.: a chraoisioch crann-adhbhal his large-shafted spear, MR xiv 31 . an bachlach crandbriathrach of dull (?) speech, BNnÉ 305 § 19 . go sleaghaibh crann-bhuidhe, CRR² 25 . ablach crannchaem having beautiful trees, Acall. 2738 v.l. doire crannrabhán (= crann + ro + bán), Magauran 436 . cath . . . crann-ruad, ML² 1182 . With vb. gur crannbrissedh a craiseacha, CF 130 .

2 dair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 dair or dil.ie/14253
Last Revised: 2019

 

(ghostword): dartaid i crann nairidi do thein ┐ dair, Laws iv 312. 24 . Leg. dairt , ZCP x 365-66 .

dairbre

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dairbre or dil.ie/14260

 

Forms: dairbhre, dairire

n o; gender undetermined; collective meaning (II) points to neuter. Hogan's exx. CRR p. 193 insufficient.

I An oak, oakling (the passage CRR 37 does not establish a meaning oak-branches ). dairbhre .i. dair O'Cl. colpach ina mórgabla nó ina dairbri bega dairt ina craebaib, Laws iv 148. 24 . dodechaid sídi gaithi...coro sétea ammíasa uadib amal dulli darbri, TFerbe 92 (= LL 254 a 3 ). crothais dóib dairbre ndall, LL 114 a 41 (= ScM. 21 , 30 ). dorochair in d.¤ dess (= dair Mugna in the preceding line), ib. 200 a 25 . gárid in trét fo dairbri dairmessa, ib. 144 b 2 . imda dairbre ardmessa, Reeves Ad. 286 . in dairbri forsa ndesid in tén, Todd Nenn. 216 . robenatar dairbre glasdarach illáim cech fir...┐ tuargabtar ria naiss na glasgésceda darach sain, CRR 37 . in dairbre fora ndessitar robai for crith cona ḟremaib a talmain, Tig. 1054 . édiud dairbri Breici dia brut, Leb. Cert. 4. 26 . dḟácbáil a bruit ac Bearnos im dairbri mBreici mbuadhach, ib. 18. 15 . fa lomlan dainglibh uile cech duille im dairbribh Doire, Reeves Ad. 288. 20 . fuaim doininni fa dairbre, Anecd. ii 24. 7 . fo d.¤ nduillech, Acall. 1590 . Druim Lethet co llínmaire: dercain donna ara dairbhre (prob. plur.), Anecd. ii 24 , 14 . dos dairpri rúaidh, B IV 2, 134 b = Fianaig. 14. 14 .

II A grove of oak-trees, an oak-wood , in place-names. rí Dairbre, LL 127 b 50 = MacCarthy 164. 11 . do righ Dairbhri in daighsleibhi, Leb. Cert. 74. 14 . do bhrú Dairbhri Ó Duibhni, ib. 46. 10 . Oilén Dairbri Valentia Island Cóir Anm. 32 . Cf. Hog. Onom. 326 . Leb. Cert. p. 47 n. , 49 n.

MOD. dairbhre, dairire, in place-names.

dairt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dairt or dil.ie/14305
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: darto, darta, dairt, dairti, dartada, darta, dart, dartib, dairtib, dartaib

n i, f. g s. darto, darta. d s. dairt . n p. dairti ( dairt , Laws i 190. 3 ; but the MS has dairti), dartada. g p. darta, dart. d p. dartib ( Laws v 386. 6 f.b. ), dairtib, dartaib.

I A heifer of one year (Stokes, Corm. Tr. 29 . Atkinson, Laws vi 213 . of two years, O'Don. Suppl.). dairt .i. colbthach, O'Cl. dairt .i. laeg, Lec. Gl. 355 . Stowe Gl. 320 . —Frequent in the Laws. samaisci ┐ colpacha. . .no dairti ┐ dartada .i. minchethra, Laws i 190. 7 . na dairti ┐ na dartada. . . .i. na hindlithe re torba (before they are productive), ib. 3 . urdliged .i. sicail ┐ dairti, ii 342. 21 . — Generally as a fine . ar is for dartib rosuidiged fuillem a díre, v 394. 23 . direnar teora dartib i fuillem a dire, ib. 396. 2 . As a fine for cutting a shrub tree (blackthorn, elder, etc.), iv 146. 27 ; or the branches of the chief trees (airig feda: oak, hazel, holly, etc.), ib. 146. 23 ; or of the common trees (athig feda: alder, willow, etc.), ib. 146. 25 ; for cutting of land, ib. 152. 8 ; for breaking the laws of fences and co- tenancy, ib. 72. 3 ; for a physician neglecting a sick man, i 130. 25 . draigen trom. . .dairt a ndíre cach ae, iv 146. 27 . dairt coll. . .cuic seoit a ndíre cach ae bo buinbéime. . .dairt ina craebaib, ib. 146. 23 , 148. 25 . fernn sail. . .bo a ndíre cach ae dairt ina craebu, 146. 25 . athaigh feadha. . .dairt ina ngabla, 150. 6 . aurba tíre. . .dartaig a tri cuailli. . .dairt ina cuic, 152. 8 . dairt cacha treisi, 72. 3 , 13 ; v 270. 16 . muna urfócra (sc. in liag) is fiachach .i. dairt , i 130. 24 . Cf. cuic dairti dec filet ó cechtar de, i 174. 6 . ise dligis dairt , v 340. 21 .—As a price of fosterage: ised is log einuch .i. dartuid ┐ dairt ┐ colpuch, ii 152. 2 . tír ndarta a measure of land: air atá tír nd. coruigi thir chumaile, v 466. 16 . —Its value was one-sixth of a cow, i.e. four screpalls: dairt .i. ceithri scripall .i. ar seised, iv 148. 7 . dairt ceithri screpall, 150. 23 . dairt .i. ceithri screpall i ndíri gabal na fodla (for the branches of the bramble trees), 148. 8 , cf. 152. 14 . Worth three screpalls acc. to v 396. 4 : teora dartib .i. tri scribaill ar gach n[d]airt díbseo uili.— colpach firend ┐ dairt boinend, Corm. s.v. clithar sét . ba mmóir choire ṅdarta cechtar a ndá odbrand, LL 252 b 25 ( ZCP x 366). fiu la ríg dodonfarci cetheora darti fichet, ib. 286 a 27 (= KMMisc. 212. 15 ). i naimsir Bressail táinic in cétna bóar i nHérind ┐ nocon fárggaib acht teora dartada (a pl.) i nÉrind. ité dergga .i. dairt i Cliu dairt i lLiniu dairt i Cuailngiu. is de atá Imbliuch Fir Oendarta, ib. 339 a 11 . berid a bu le .i. cethracha lulgach ┐ caeca dart (darta, Eg.) TBD 16 . ní rarmea do bú móra bar dartib, TBC-LL¹ 4405 (v.l. ar dartaib YBL, ar dairtibh, Stowe).

LOC. Imlech Fir aendairti, Cóir Anm. 18 . is de ata Imliuch nDarta (nDairte YBL) hi cCliuu, TBD 16 . Onomast.

II Metaph. a young girl . nicon biäid aice bó | na dairti ná dartado, Liad. and Cuir. 18 . PERS. Dart ingen Echach mic Cairpri, TBD 212 , for Dartaid, formed to the g s. Darta ( TBD 211 Eg.) = Dartada ( ib. 168 ). Cf. dat. Dairt , ib. 134 YBL.

Cf. dáir, dairid, dartaid, dartán.

2 dart

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 dart or dil.ie/14698

 

Forms: dairt, dart, dairt, . dart, dairt, dairte, dairteacha, dairtech, dartach, dairteach, dairtín, I

I n A dart, a missile. n p. dairt , H 2.7, 280 b , pointing to a masc. o-stem. dart a dart P. O'C. , who also gives dairt . dart, Macd.

Obs.

II A missile clod P. O'C. gleba Lhuyd (also dairt ); dairt f. a clod, g s. dairte, pl. dairteacha, Dinneen., O'R. In this sense still in use.—Hence dairtech, dartach

(a) full of missive darts P. O'C.

(b) full of missive clods P. O'C. dairteach clodded , Lhuyd. Dinneen — dairtín, Dinneen dartán, ZCP x 373 . I A small dart , P. O'C.

II A small clod , P. O'C. Dinneen (from Donegal).—From Engl. dart.

dartaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dartaid or dil.ie/14701
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dartaid, dartuid, dartoid, dairtaid, dartait, dartaith, dartad, dartaig, dartada, dartuid, dartada, dartado, dartada, dairtida

n i. n s. dartaid, Laws iv 28. 19 ; 312. 12 , 15 , 23 ; BDD § 159 ; Corm. s.v. clithar sét ; BB 311 a 13 ; ZCP iii 204. 10 (LU); Dinds. § 66 . dartuid, Laws ii 152. 2 . dartoid, O'Mulc. 753 . dairtaid, Laws iv 312. 17 . dartait (i.e. dartaith), Corm. l.c. YBL. dartad, BB 311 a 13 . dartaig, Macd. g s. dartada; Laws i 184. 5 f.b. ii 258. 14 . LU 79 a 39 . Dinds. § 61 . IT ii2 185 . Rawl. 92 a 15 . 127 a 12 . Gorm. Feb. 12 . n du. dá dartuid , Laws ii 74. 18 . n p. dartada, ib. i 190. 3 , 7 . dartado (: bo), orig. the a p., Liad. and Cuir. 18. 6 .—a p. dartada, LL 339 a 10 . dairtida, Laws v 386. 3 f.b.

A heifer or a bull calf growing into , tarb and dam. See EIF 60-61 , ZCP xlii 93, 100 . Dinds. § 66 a dartaid is called a tarb: doriacht bó Nero cona tarb ina díaidh coro géis oc Ráith Cruachan coro mothaig in Findbennach coro gleac dóib ┐ ba fortail in dartaid (referring to tarb as the corresponding passage RC x 226 proves ). It is reckoned as a dam (m. and f.) LU 79 a 39 : do chotutlethar chruaid choirtchide do formna .vii. ndamseched ndartada (= TBC-LL¹ 2561 , 2568 , cf. CCath. 5228 ); BB 311 a 13 : damogam .i. tarb...dam...colpthach...dartaid ar aicme ailme .i. dartad (sic) ii d.¤ , &c.; O'Mulc. 753 : is cend daim for dartoid (dam is said of the full-grown animal). A `dartaid' is reckoned among the `minchethrae' and `sesc-slabrae,' the small and still unproductive cattle: samaisci ┐ colpacha...nó dairti ┐ dartada .i. minchethra, Laws i 190. 7 . im siscslabra an indle .i. na dairt ┐ na dartada....i. na hindlithe re torba, ib. i 190. 3 . Corm. (s.v. clithar sét) speaks of a dartaid firenn a male dartaid (Corm. YBL) and dartaid bainenn a she-dartaid (but probably the latter is merely a scribal error for dairt baininn, EIF 60 n. 244 ); the application to the female is very old as the npr. f. Dartaid shows.

Frequent in the Laws, indicating the `sét' of the lowest value, the `sét gabla.' Its value was one-twelfth of a cow, i.e. two screpalls (not three as Atkinson says), or three `miach' ( ii 258. 14 ); the dairt (= three screpalls) ranks higher: dígu sét somaíne .i. in sét is díthogaidi somaíne ann .i. dartaid dá screpall, Laws iv 28. 19 . dartada (g s.) .i. agh trí miach, ib. ii 258. 14 . sét gabla didiu isé is lugam .i. dartaid (dartait YBL) ḟirend ┐ colpach boineand nó colpach ḟirend ┐ dairt (dartaid YBL) boinend, Corm. s.v. clithar sét . According to their value the gradation is as follows: dartaid, dairt, colpach, samaisc, bó, Laws iv 312 . 12 - 15 . dartuid ┐ dairt ┐ colpuch, ib. ii 152. 2 . cóic seoit i ndul tria tech tria lias di brisiud a comla. dartaid i fleisc tís. dairt i fleisc thuas. samaisc...colpdach...dairt i naursain airthir tighe dairtaid i naursain iarthair tige, ib. iv 312. 15 sq. dairt i crand nairide thiar dartaid i crann nairide do thein, ib. 312. 23 . Corm. l.c. dartaid , dairt , and colpach are joined into one grade (the `cétna sét'); then come: samaisc in sét tánaise. laulgach nó dam timchill arathair in tress sét ┐ isé sin in ríisét.

Further instances: nocho tabraid side acht na ceathra foilli inásas acu na dairti ┐ na dairtida, Laws v 386. 3 f.b. cu ngealut dá dartuid fri rodam ┐ cu ngelut dá dartuid sech rodam that two `dartaids' graze as much as a great ox ib. ii 74. 18 . dartada, ib. i 184. 5 f.b. icdai dartaid hi cind gait inna forreith do Diarmait, ZCP iii 204. 10 , cf. SG 396 . 30 . dartado (n p.), Liad. and Cuir. 18. 6 . dartaid inide a heifer three years old at Shrovetide Macd. 312 b . Manners and Customs iii 568 b .

PROV. is cend daim for dartoid mórpersan for becphobul, O'Mulc. 753 . METAPH. Ingcél ┐ a dā bráthair .i. Echell ┐ Tulchinne .i. dartaid na díberca the Yearling of the Reavers (Stokes) BDD § 159 . Synon. tarbíne, Echtra Nera RC x 226 , cf. Dinds. § 66 .

Dairt and dartaid both originate from the root of dairid, dáir, but their relation to each other is not clear; dartaid looks like a nom. ag., dairt like a vn. Both words became early obsolete, probably in early Mid.-Ir. The form dairtid ( dairtida, Laws v 386. 3 f.b. ) shows the influence of dairt . Dartada in the passage: nocon ḟarrgaib acht teora dartada in Hérind .i. dairt i Cliu dairt i lLiniu dairt i Cuailṅgiu, LL 389 a 10 , is either due to confusion of dairt and dartaid, or it is an early instance of the Mid.-Ir. pl. in -adha.—Cf. dáir, dairid, 1 dairt , dartán.

Dartaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Dartaid or dil.ie/14702

 

Forms: Dart, Dartada, Darta, Dairte, Dairthe, Dartuid, Dairt, Darta

i, npr. f.

I Daughter of Regamain. nom. Dart, TBD § 16 (twice). gen. Dartada; syncopated: Darta TBD § 14 , § 16 Eg. Dairte, ib. § 16 YBL. Dairthe, § 14 YBL. dat. Dartuid, TBD § 9 Eg. Dairt , ib. YBL. The ā-inflexion in the YBL-version of TBD is based on the syncopated g s. Darta. táin bó Dartada LU. YBL. Eg. IT ii 188 sq. dia tucsat...táin bó Dartada ingine Regamna a Mumain, Dinds. § 61 . do breith Dartada, TBD § 11 . gu ránicc tech nDarta, ib. § 14 Eg. (nDairthe YBL.)

II The eponymous ancestor of Dartrige, cf. moccu Dartado: Molasse m. h. Dartada, LL 368 a 20 . Rawl. 90 d 28 . Molaisi mc. h. Dartada, BB 227 e 17 . Cuimmin mac Lugdach Insi mac ua Dartadha, Mart. Don. May 21 .

LOC. Clúain Dartada, Rawl. 92 a 15 . 127 a 12 . Aedán ó C. D., Gorm. Feb. 12 ; v. Hog. Onom. 261 . Imlech nDarta: I. nDairte, TBD § 16 . Cf. dartaid.

dartán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dartán or dil.ie/14704

 

Forms: dartan

n o, m.

I Dimin. from 1 dairt or dartaid; only Fél.² lix = LB 83 § 4 : mochen lium don dartan toet chucam darin doa. dartan two-year-old bull Macd.

II dartán a herd or drove : dartán eallaigh armentum, Lhuyd. Macd. dartán a herd of cows, dartán bó a drove of cows, P. O'C. O'R. Macd. No support in the literature. Perhaps originally a compd. with táin, cf. bó-tháin.

feorus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. feorus or dil.ie/21660

 

Forms: fersen, feorus, feorus

n (< ferus, a by-form of erus ?) g s. fersen ? Cf. O'Dav. 931 cited below. Name of a tree or plant, probably the spindle-tree: gl. acirus (= acerus < acer "maple" or acorus `galingale' ?) Ir. Gl. 582 . feorus ` spindle-tree, sweet flag, galingale ' Hog. Luibhl. feorus (one of the `fodla feda' or `shrubs') Laws iv 146.26 . Auraic. 1155 ; also called `oir' 1196 . sruithium aicde .i. feirius (a kenning for the Ogham diphthong oi), Anecd. iii 44 ; cf. sruitem aicdi .i. o[i]r, Auraic. 5602 . feirius .i. fiar-ses .i. do fēri in chraind from the twisted form of the tree Corm. Y 578 . Cf. co fríth herus [ferus; ierus, v.l.] chuca ... asin muine mesta, Metr. Dinds. iv 214.57 ( Dinds. 117 ). fersen .i. feorus .i. set in dire fersen .i. samaisc a dire, O'Dav. 931 ; cf. samaisc ┐ dairt ... ┐ dartaid ... tri diri na fodla feda, Laws iv 150.23 Comm.

fidbocc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fidbocc or dil.ie/22011
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: —aicc, fidbocc, fidboc, fidbaicc, idbuoc, fidboicc, ḟidbaicc, fiodhbhaic, ḟidbaco

n o, m., but d s. —aicc occurs (fid + bac `hook, angle' ?) n s. fidbocc, Sg. 107b1 , 2 . fidboc, Ml. 99d1 . g s. fidbaicc, Thes. ii 8.39 . d s. ond idbuoc (= ḟidbucc) 48.7 (Philarg. Ecl. x 59 ); but: asind fidboicc , Ml. 80b6 . asind ḟidbaicc , Rawl. 81a55 . Lit. `a wood-bow ,' hence

(a) an archer's bow: gl. arcus Sg. 107b1 ; 2 . Ml. 80b6 . cornu (= bow ) Thes. ii 48.7 . nostrochlann saigit asind ḟidbaicc, Rawl. 81a55 = nostrochaill saighit i fidbacc, YBL 127b12 . co n-urchur saigte a fidhbac, Marco P. 123 . rodibraic saigid a fidbaic ibraide, TTebe 2582 . [dairt] ag fágbháil a fiodhbhaic , DDána 78.2 . pl. tairthit a ḟidbaco they grasp their bows Aen. 1127 . frais ... do ṡaighdibh a fidhbacaibh, CCath. 1280 . fidhbhaca cona saighetbolccaibh AFM vi 1978.2 . Of a staff (?): sámaigfet mo fhidbocc isin nem, .i. tuag nimi 'I will set my staff in the heavens, i.e. the rainbow', Sex Aet. 73 § 23 .

(b) a rainbow Inferred from Sex Aet.​ 73 § 23 (see (a) above): fithbacc .i. stuag nime, Lec. Gl. 321 = fidhbac, Stowe Gl. 367 .

1 flesc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 flesc or dil.ie/22307
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ḟlesc, ḟlisc, flesca, f., flesc, Flesca, fleisc

n ā, f. n s. ind ḟlesc , Sg. 40b16 . n du. di ḟlisc , 3b19 . n p. flesca, Thes. ii 48.1 .

(a) a rod, wand, stick (cut off a tree, or of metal, esp. one carried in the hand) : gl. virga Hib. Min. 10.340 . ferula Thes. ii 48.1 . vimen 360.25 (Philarg. Ecl. ii 72 ). f.¤ for dib ngablaib lasin conair immetiagat do erissem dia lethlaim furi ┐ lorc isind laim aili (gl. virgam et baculum) Ml. 45c9 . nír ás frén na f.¤ feda trit riam, LL 5a40 . co nderna cliab bec do fhleascaib cuill, Lism. L. 2401 . femen .i. f.¤ , Auraic. 610 (femen taken as = Lat. vimen). gran ... condafema f.¤ (`so that the flail strip it' Stokes, in O'Dav. 833 ) Laws iv 94.16 Comm. (cf. f.¤ .i. suist, O'Dav. 833 ; f.¤ .i. traigh ut est o ro femadh f.¤ .i. iarna lomadh o fleisg, 898 ). f.¤ līn `scutching-stick' Laws i 150.6 . benaid ... in sruth co fleisc dúir ... co tócband inna anmand súas do chind na flesci LU 2118 ( FA 18 ). soud flesci Moysi a nathraig, PH 3429 . folt ... amal flesca óir, LU 3639 ( SCC 31 ) (cf. folt na bhfleasg bhfáinneach, L. Cl. A. B. 216.40 . See also under flescach I). flesca findarcit inna lámaib (of harpers) LU 7637 ( BDD 119 ). f.¤ airgid 'na láim ac certugud na heachraidhi, CCC 101.13 . co flescaib iarnaidib ... do sroigled ... na pecthach LU 2085 ( FA 15 ). f.¤ óir (fig. of a bishop ), Fél. April 25 . Of angular staves for Ogham inscriptions : Corm. Y 606 (s.v. fé). Ériu xiii 228.3 . ma rosechmaill a ḟlesg ┐ dorinde aīr ib. 5 . co ndernui .iiii. flescca ibair [sic leg.] ┐ scrípuidh oghumm inntib (for divination) IT i 129.21 . vii mbethi a n-aonfleisg do beithi, Auraic. 2804 . See also under (f) below. lath, wattle (in a structure) : coic seoit i ndul tri a tech ... dartaid i fleisc tís, dairt i fleisc thuas, samaisc i cleith this, colpdach i cleith tuas, Laws iv 312.15 ( Críth G. 215 ). Of plectrum for a `timpán' (?) : fleasc gu cairche ced-ceol cain RC xliii 10 (expld. as `a wand with hair, i.e. a bow ,' O'Curry Manners and Customs iii 363 ). See flesc filed, below (f).

(b) a line, stroke: o méit di flescaib bís hisin tórunt .i. mad óenf.¤ is .i. mad di ḟlisc is .n. (gl. ex quantitate figurae linearum) Sg. 3b19 . ind ḟlescsa huasind .m. `this line over the m.' 40b16 . cōic feadha cach aicmi, ┐ is oen co a cōic cach ae .i. aenfleisc co cōic flescaib (i.e. an Ogham letter contains from one to five strokes), Auraic 976 .

(c) a scion, stripling, young person (oft. folld. by defining gen., showing that the metaphor was felt) : ind f.¤ do chlainn Iesse (of the Virgin Mary) SR 7502 . f.¤ gilla óic, Acall. 5225 . fleasg seang a Teamhair (of a chief), A. Ó Dálaigh lv 25 .

(d) F.¤ LÁMA perhaps originally land reclaimed by one's own labour, hence land held in full fee, patrimony, domain: flesc .i. ferand ut est orbu laime na manach ... .i. flesc laime na manuch, O'Curry 570 ( H 3.18, 284 ; MR 62 n .). ferand Fergusa ... f.¤ Find maic R., Metr. Dinds. ii 80 (cf. fleasg lamha .i. fearann, fleasg lamha Finn ... .i. fearann Finn, O'Cl.). ní n-a [f]lesc lama sin fein ... acht a ferann duine aile, Laws iii 426.21 Comm. cland Cobthaig ... ba he a f.¤ láma side coiced Connacht, LU 4081 . ba cóiced Connacht a ruidles (.i. a f.¤ láma), 4083 . o nach hí bar bhfleasc lamha Eriu as Ireland is not your own land MR 62.3 . dar cenn déc [leg. deich ?] ttriucha chéd dá fleiscc lámha fodéisin `his own native territory' AFM ii 1166 . co tír nA. .i. a ḟlesca fírduiche fén, LB 175b55 = flesg lama firduthaig do fein hi, CCellaig 739 . for a ferund ┐ for a leisc lama duthaig a athar, Cog. 64z . The meaning `land' may have arisen from the use of a stick in measuring, cf. Eng. rood (cogn. with rod), or because the extent of jurisdiction was measured by the cast of a `flesc' thrown by a youth ? cf. under flescach III (b).

(e) a hoop, circlet (late sense) ; blaithfleasg `a garland of flowers' Eg. Gl. 684 . f.¤ fhionndruine ima chenn, SG 263.32 (` fillet ' ii 298 ). adeirid ... gur chuir Maoise glas ar an bhfleisc do bhí fá n-a láimh féin ar bhrághaid Ghaedhil `fastened with a lock around the neck of G. the bracelet that he had on his own arm' Keat. ii 290 (apparently a confusion of the `flesc' or rod of Moses with the `tí glas' of the earlier legend, see LB 119a24 fg., Leb. Gab.(i) i 196 ). do bhíodh ... fleasc fá láimh gacha taoisigh mar chomhartha ceannais feadhna, Keat. ii 292 . ro batar leo ... tuagha ..., ni rabhator fleascca náid ecclonna forro febh baoi for biailibh na nGall `rings nor chains' Hugh Roe 166z (f. 45a) . fleasg óir arna heagar | fana fholt, Duan. F. ii 392 § 82 .

(f) f.¤ filed (fileta)

(1 ) poet's wand, stave: cend na flesci filed (used in divination,cf. IT i 129 , cited above under (a)), Corm. Y 323 . fuath a bhfleasg ag fileadhuibh, IGT, Decl. ex. 1212 (perh. ` ogham staves ' here ? see under (a) above). ro gabastair ... a fhlesc fhileta fhindruine, SG 239z . ro chroith a fhlesc fhileta fhiled i ndorus in baile ┐ do chuala in dóirseoir in fuaim sin, 240.3 .

(2 ) poet's fillet, wreath (mark of his calling) : fleasg file fána cheann, ITS i 84.5 (cf. e above).

(g) doubtful meanings : f.¤ .i. fāl no ime ut est dá carpat ┐ ech etarro a lethat ┐ f.¤ uime .i. ime uime, O'Dav. 870 = flesga ime, Ériu xiii 33.25 (a hedge, rail ?. Cf. Ml. 45c9 above under (a)). flesg .i. bun fich, Metr. Gl. 13 (= fich bunaid hereditary land ? Cf. (d) above ; `a root of fighting' Auraic. Gloss. p. 337 ).

As npr. m. Dinds. 19 . Metr. Dinds. iii 30 ; 36 . (name of a cupbearer, prob. in sense (a)). Cf. Flesca (name of a woman-messenger), TTreblainne, B. Fermoy 68b ( ZCP xiii 170.1 ). a s. fleisc ib.

Compds. ¤bémnech switching, smiting with rods: f. na slat ┐ na n-echlasc, CCath. 1836 . ¤buille a swish of a rod or stick: fuaimm f., Ériu iii 14 § 8 . ¤fáinnech: Fraingc fhleasgfháinneach (: Easbāinneach), Celtica xxvi 104 § 43 . folt ... fleasgfáinnech ` ringletted ' Ériu v 64.3 . Cf. LU 3639 , quoted under (a) above. See also echlasc, forflesc.

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