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airbire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airbire or dil.ie/1636

Forms: oirbhiri

f. Serves as vn. of ar-beir in sense of reproaches , Vendr. Lex. So also Lochlann ii 209 . See IGT Verbs § 83 . oirbhiri f., IGT Decl. § 3 . act of reproaching, reproach, taunt: a druith cid tai dom a.¤ , BB 295a15 ( IT iii 100 § 170 ). m'ail ┐ m'a.¤ , Acall. 4502 v.l. ni hed ba tabartha do áig no do aire no d'a.¤ do Ailill, TBC-LL¹ 153 ( LL 7688 ). cath Sinna na sluág / do braneón nirb a.¤ , LL 6757 . tossach écnaig oirbire, Anecd. iii 16.4 . atchota miscais airbiri, 11.3 . moch dorindis oirbire, MacCongl. 21.2 . ná berthar a erbiri bíd that he should not be reproached in the matter of food, BColm. 98.1 . fil tréda darnā dlegar oirbire ind eclais, MacCongl. 19.26 . oirbhire drochlaoich, Keat. ii 5635 . rug cáinte as oirbeiri / glas ar t'fáilte ót urnuide, IGT Decl. ex. 198 . iodhna a hoirbhire .i. cloidheamh an dióghaluis, 23 G 24 263.3 . ní éisteann . . . armáire, heareth not rebuke, Proverbs xiii 1 . With subj. gen. oirbhire Dé God's anger, TSh. 4794 . Cf. Desid. 5519 . gu rug mé oirbiri an fir `the man's reproaches', Ériu iv 214 § 8 . cosg Íosa dá oirbhire, Dán Dé xvii 30 . oc a.¤ for (ar) reproaching: an tráth as truime a heire / gan chách uirre ag oirbheire, Magauran 2002 . ag oirbhiri oruinn, Prolegomena 44 § 5 . móide a noirbhire ar Uilliam greater is their reproach of William, Ériu v 54.38 .

cethair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cethair or dil.ie/8908
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: ceithre, cethra, cheithre, cheathra

num. adj. four . On distinction of gender see Auraic. 4704 ff. M. and n. nom. c.¤ tóraic, Críth G. 530 . ┐ che(i)thir méich mracha, 139 . cethir cinid, Ériu xvi 182 § 31 . cethir chét (chet, cet, MSS.), Fél. Sept. 1 . cetir h-oll-choigid Erenn, Celt. Rev. iv 120.3 . a cheithir maic side, ZCP viii 312.5 . Accus. (see GOI 246 ): etir inna cethri fersu, Ml. 58a11 . na ceithri raithiu, Blathm. 226 . Gen. delba na cethra n-anmande, Ériu xxiii 32 . co n-airchai cethre traige[d] ndeec, Críth G. 135 . ceithri ndam, BDD² 814 . carpat cethri secht cumal, LL 10072 (TBC). Dat. cona ceitri primhblasaibh, Blathm. 85 . Fem. nom. cet[h]oir flathæ, ZCP iii 453.16 . cet[h]oir trebairi (cetheoire, v.l.), 1 . cetheoir baí, Críth G. 389 . cetheoira aicsin, Ml. 118d10 (intermediate spelling, GOI 242 ). cetheoræ crosfigell laisim `he uses four cross vigils' (with sg. noun ?), Mon. Tall. 138.5 . cethora primfodla, IT iii 6.4 . cethora ōa, RC xxiv 143.16 . Accus. hi cetheora flescæ, ZCP iii 460 n.20 . dicoissin cetheora déisi, Críth G. 321 . for cethora benna na gabla, LU 4799 (TBC). cethēora flathi, ZCP xi 86 § 44 . fó chethéor arda = per totum circuitum, Trip.² 565 (cf. cetharaird). Gen. áes cetheora mblíadnae, Críth G. 34 . mithissi cetheora n-var fichet, RC xi 450.1 . Dat. clár findruine and co cetheoraib auaib, TBFr. 91 . co cetheora ngem, Acall. 4958 v.l.

After the O. Ir. period the form ceithri is used for all genders and cases: ceithri bliadna fichet, Anecd. i 5.22 (scribal expansion of .iu. for ceitheóra, SCano p. x). cetri gnuse, Hib. Min. 3.78 . cet[h]ri dorais, ZCP viii 108.13 . cethri coicid herenn, RC iii 179.3 . ceithre catha, ML² 2086 . ceartchosair ceithri ṅdrong, BDD² 811 . do seichedaib ceithri tarb, TTebe 1484 . foreand na cethri long fichet, Mer. Uil.² 173 . dina ceithri sráitib, BDD² 154 . baei C. a ceithri cairpthig i 1Lifiu, 127 . Also cethra: cetra .l. cen miri, LU 3983 ( SCC 45 ). na cethra meic, BLism. 77d37 . cetra lá, Acall. 775 (cetri, v.l., Murphy Lyrics p. 142 ). cethra scribaill fichet, Airne F. 358 . ceathra: leathna, DDána 65.6 . ( ceithre : beirthe, 34.22 ). ceard na gceathra ndúl, 5.31 . ar cheathra hairdibh an domhain, TSh. 17 ( ar na ceithre hairdibh, 26 ).

Initial of ceithre cethra usually lenited in late MSS., see DDána, TSh., Párl. na mB.: ar na cheithre súbháilcibh, Párl. na mB. 2015 ( ceithre, TSh. 26 cited above). For treatment of follg. initial in later lang. cf. an focal nach bí d'uathadh ┐ d'iollradh, lom as cóir a ainm iollraidh a ndíaigh cheithir ┐ cheathair, IGT Introd. § 18 (see Bard. Synt. Tr. 183 ) i.e. when folld. by noun with form of ns. cheithre and cheathra do not affect a follg. consonant but prefix h to vowels, while cheithir and cheathair lenite (only one ex. is available for the form ending in -r. For the other form the general rule would appear to be as in the case of trí, q.v.). Exx. (apart from gen.), with ns. form are rare, cf. Críth G. 530 , Mon. Tall. 138.5 and Acall. 4958 v.l. cited above). do cheathra druimne, DDána 65.6 . ceithre huirrdhighthe, IGT Introd. 2.3 . ceithre chuid, Content. vi 48 . ceis cheathair fhaobhar (: hEachaidh), IGT Introd. § 18 (for ceatharfhaobhar metri gratia?).

Subst. and absol. uses: na cethuir `the four', Laws i 256.z . a c.¤ do linni four (days), iv 220.3 (.iiii., Ériu xvii 76.8 ). a dáu no a trí nó [a] c.¤ , Críth G. 461 . cá mhéid . . . ? A ceathair, Donlevy 156.14 . nod-randsat hi c.¤ , RC ix 486.8 . latri c.¤ cethrachat fifty-two(?), SR 116 . fichi bliadan sa c.¤ twenty-four, Rawl. 163b37 . a c.¤ dēg . . . do . . . , Fl. Earls 92.12 . co fu ch.¤ `four times', Ériu xix 62 § 18 . fochetair, Hib. Min. 12.418 . xui. bliadna fa ch.¤ (: fialchrechaig), LL 14854 ( MacCarthy 164.6 ). Calann Enair for Mairt ┐ c.¤ uathaid furri `the fourth day of the moon', Ann. Conn. 1409.1 . ar . . . denoim . . . cairdiusa Crist risin darna fer d[i]obh [┐] a ceathair risin fear eili `after he had . . . acted as godfather to (the child of) the latter and as co-sponsor with the other', Ann. Inisf. 1305.4 . ? coná fríth leó eigin dia fhostadh acht na cethra (of a cleric), AFM ii 720.15 . ? in-aimsir Aeda iar c.¤ , Fen. 220.15 .

Compds.

(a) With sg. nouns in sense four(fold). See cetharaird and cethardóit. foseted cetharbolcc, RC xi 444.26 `a foursquare bellows', Meyer Contribb. ceathairbricht (a metre), IT iii 99.3 . cet[h]ar-dam Ulcain `V.'s four oxen', TTr.² 1 . in ceathardamh co n-irdam / ro threabsat tir Parrtolan, BB 25a31 . See cethardenus. cethar-dubhladh = quadruplicacio, Ir. Gl. 931 . See cethardúil. ? cethardhul, Ériu xiii 26.7 . cetharech lais four steeds, Críth G. 345 . cethochrus no ceatharfochrus bruit derg imbi, TBC-I¹ 3395 (cf. cathḟochrus). cetharliber in tsoscēl, Corm. Y 248 . an cetharlebar sosceli `the four books of the Gospels', Mon. Tall. 138.1 . ? ethech . . . fo cethar-lebrai soscelai, Ériu vii 156.20 . cetharlíth (? cethair + líth) the four main feasts of the year; the year (?): nību hen cēt cetharlith 'he (Echu) was not an old man of hundreds of years (when he drowned)', Aided Echach 96 § 4(e) . ? a challech ón chetharlocht / a dind callech sonaide, LL 308b26 ( SG 389.42 ). suidigter do corp a cethurraen `cross-roads', Lism. L. 634 . See cethairríad. mo sherc / . . . / is cetharruinn talman, IT i 124.13 (TE). dligid cetharslechta aithgabala fourfold, O'Curry 781 ( H 3.18, 366a ) (form ?). Cothraige / cetharthrebe `of the four households', Thes. ii 309.3 (Hy. ii). See Ogma 302-3 .

(b) As in (a) but giving adjectival compds.: ceithirbheann, Duan. F. ii 278 § 110 ` four-peaked ', Gloss. C. Ceithirchenn `C. Fourheads', Dinds. 78 ( RC xv 478 ) (c. Ceithirchennach, ibid. 479). Cermun cetharchend, LL 26324 `cattle-headed', Meyer Contribb. ( Metr. Dinds. iii 88 ). araile ech . . . fulud cetharchrua, LL 24868 . ? cecht cuna fedhain techta cethardam ┐rl., O'Curry 1982 ( H 4.22, 20 ). brat corcra cethardiabail, IT ii1 177.91 = sagum quadrum, p. 214 . F. cethar-derc four-eyed , AU i 274.16 . ? ae cethardorus, O'Curry 444 ( H 3.18, 238b ) = cethardhoruis, O'D. 533 ( H 3.17, 431 ) = -dorais, O'D. 576 (443). cin con cetardoruis, 2226 (Nero A vii, 152b). See cetharchair.

(c) With adjj. See cetharchubaid. traig cethargairit gl. proceleusmaticum `foot of four short syllables', Sg. 7b13 . cen broind coíc-duirn . . . cethirláin capacious, MacCongl. 75.17 (see p. 205). laech cetherlethan comremar, LL 11893 ( TBC-LL¹ 5281 ). ceathar-sgaoilte, ML 128.6 .

(d) With adjj. derived from nouns: ind long cethararddidi, LU 1952 ( FA 2 ). mattal cethar-bennach, LB 148a37 . D. chetharchichech, LL 349g16 . cathbarr . . . ceithircimsach four-edged, CF 286 . ac na hainmindtib cetarcosacha quadrupeds , Rosa Angl. 224.8 . MacCongl. 127.30 . int anmanda cetharchosta, TTebe 159 . bruiden . . . cethardoirsech, MU² 204 . an eorna chethardruimnech, O'Dav. 1475 . atáid tenid . . . cethirdrumnig cethirdórsig, MacCongl. 63.5 . a ráith ceathardhruimneach, IGT Introd. § 99 . da triliss . . . ┐ fighe chethur-dhúalach for cechtar n-ai fourfold plait, IT i 119.21 (TE Eg.). corp . . . cethar-dúilech, Add. 4783, 7a1 (cited Meyer Contribb.). saigde . . . cethareochracha (= cetharchair), Alex. 181 . claideb cethar-fáebrach, Laud 610, 8a (cited Plummer MS. notes). cetha[r]litride gl. tetragrammaton, Ml. 127d1 . cona laind cetherliterdai ina láim containing four letters. Alex. 87 . anamain cain cetherreach .i. gusna cethre reaib ogha ellgiter innti .i. da re soirce ┐ da re doirce, O'Curry 581 ( H 3.18, 288 ) (see 1 anamain. Second element uncertain, but above etymol. accepted by Thurneysen, IT iii 165 ). deich mba ┐ samaisc a nanamain in tan nach ceathar foglach: bó ar fichit . . . in tan is ceatharrigach, O'D. 980 ( H 3.17, 779 ). cetharregac, O'Curry 2059 ( H 4.22, 64b ). a. ceithir-riatach, O'D. 979 ( H 3.17, 778 ). h-ímaigen . . . charpait cethirriata (= cethairríad), LB 235a43 . cuig carpait cetharriata, Mart. Don. xxxv 9 . carpat cæm ceith[ir]riada ` four-horsed ', TTebe 2694 . atáid tenid ... cethar-scoltig de uindsinn 'divided in four', MacCongl.² 24.739 . cethar-tinnide composed of four metals (Daniel's image), Rawl. B. 512, 69d (cited Plummer MS. notes). trosdán cetharuillennach, SG 44.24 . ceithreuilinnach, Ir. Astr. Tr. 98.1 . ecclas cetaruillech, BNnÉ 235 § 157 .

1 dara

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dara or dil.ie/14634

adj in in dara the second, one of two, early Mid.- Ir. (or late Old-Ir.) development of Old-Ir. indala; it prefixes h to a vowel immediately following. SR 19. 95 . 2947 . 3243 . 3255 . 3273 . 3237 . 3520 . 3719 . 3758 . 3819 . 4445 . indara fer déc, LU 32 a 2 . in dara hingnad déag, Todd Nenn. 118. 3 . an dara hadbur, R.I.A. 3 B 22, 15 b 19 . in dara hais, BB 9 a 29 . an dara hár, Lib. Flav. 23 a 2. 15 . indara fecht FA (both MSS). isin dara hursaind, MR 198. 22 . forsin dara leith don churach on one side of the curragh SG 346. 3 . don dara leith...don leith eile, TFrag. 122. 7 . adubhairt an dara mac risan mac oile, ib. 160. 5 . MOD. dara and tara (Munster). in dara hathchuinge, OCT 30.6 ; v. 2 ala, indala. Cf. darna .

darna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. darna or dil.ie/14686

Forms: darna, tarna

adj the second; one of two. It prefixes h to a vowel immediately following. in darna huair déag, MR 106. 12 . díarraid in darna hingen díb, Acall. 4134 . isin darna leth don phupal, ib. 2461 . 4976 . 2474 . 2481 . in darna súil, Lib. Flav. ii 16 a 1. 21 . Mod. darna and tarna (orig. only masc.), Conn. From OIr. ind ala nái. Cf. 1 dara.

deec

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deec or dil.ie/15020
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: deac, déc, .x., déec, déac, deacc, deäc, deec, deéc, déc, deac, déc, deac, déc

adj deac, déc. (*dechǣg < PC *dekank < *deḱm-kʷe `and ten' Lexis iv 66-69 , Ériu xliv 182-84 , but cf. LEIA D-36 ) Often written .x.— Zeuss 304 .

FORMS: déec (oldest form), Wb. 15 b 1 . Ériu ii 222. 18 (Oir. text). SR (see below). deéc, SR 4838 . deac, BCr. 3 c (twice). 32 d 2 . 33 b 9 . 18½ d (thrice). Ml. 16 c 10 . 43 d 27 (twice). Bvi 23. 39 . Thes. ii 254. 15 ; 255. 3 .— ZCP iii 451. 18 (Oir. text). LU 57 a 1 . 68 a 1 . LL 36 a 32 . Trip. 82. 24 . TBC-LL¹ 1680 Y, 579 LU. Fél. Ind . déac, TBC-LL¹ 189 . 192 . 301 . 325 . 1682 . 2161 . 2162 . 2226 Y. deacc, Bvi 21 . 23 (six times). TBC-LL¹ 1104 Y. Trip. 228. 1 (Rawl.). diac Gorm. Oct. 21 . Mid.-Ir. déc, décc, dec, decc. Mod.-Ir. déag, deug.

DISYLLABIC: Glosses. Fél. Jul. 15 , Sept. 22 ( deäc: cateät). SR 397 (12 inst.; monosyll. 30 inst.), 2665 . :cert 52 (deec), 3012 (déc), 3156 (déec). : recht, 2340 (dec), 6822 (déac). deec : dlecht, 212 , : lecht, 4200 , : roddĕt, 1628 . deéc: cet, 4838 . deéc : réc (leg. deec : rec), 4730 (ZCP x 382 ). déc (disyll.), Ériu iii 98 st 19 (Rule of Ailbe). In 11th-century poetry occasionally disyllabic to meet the requirements of the metre. deac: glacc, LL 133 a 48 (Flann Mainistrech †1056). déc (deec, deac leg.) LL 199 a 48 (Cúan Ua Lothcháin †1024). LL 52 a 28 (poem ascr. to Orthanach, 8th century); ib. 52 a 11 (ambiguous).

MONOSYLLABIC: Gorm. Jan. 26 , Apr. 16 , Oct. 21 . LL 47 b 11 (Dallán mac Móre, 10th century). Poems by Gilla Coemáin (†1072): MacCarthy 144. 5 ; 148. 1 ; 156. 15 ; 164. 5 ; 168. 6 ; 174. 9 &c. déc: gréc, 186. 13 ,: géc, 190. 2 . Usually also in the poems of Flann Mainistrech. SR 30 inst.; in rhyme always disyllabic.

ECLIPSIS: díni na noentreb ṅdéac, SR 6822 . trethan derb trí fer ṅdeec, 4200 . co cenn noi laa ndeec, 1628 . timthacht dá ḟer ndeacc, TBC-LL¹ 1104 Y (for older deacc as in LU 68 a 1 and TBC-LL¹ 1633. 2226 Y). doscara C. dá sé ndéc laech díb, TBC-LL¹ 1039 Y; but ré trí ṁbliadan deac, LL 133 a 48 , cf. MacCarthy 156. 15 (LL).

ASPIR. ceithre rígh dheug, Hy Fiach. 92. 9 . trí rígh dheug, 94. 6 . TSh. 44. 25 .—MOD. dhá dhéag twelve; dháréag (i.e. dhá ḟear dhéag) twelve persons; elsewhere déag.

I Ten, -teen, expressing the addition of 10 to the units 1-9 (cardinals and ordinals).

(a) abs. a ocht deac eighteen BCr. 32 d 2 . a hocht déc, MacCarthy 186. 13 (LL). ib. 200. 14 . PH 5003 . sé déc, TBC-LL¹ 1039 Y. a dó dhéag, TSh. 44. 25 (mod. id.). bliadain ar a cóic dec sixteen years LL 47 b 11 . in dara déag, in treas d.¤ , Todd Nenn. 118. 3 , 4 . fa dó déc twelve times MR 242. 8 . —Substantives are joined with `di': a secht déc do dagbliadnaib, MacCarthy 200. 14 ; this construction is far rarer than (b). aill deac one twelfth , later aile d.¤ viimad rann cethorchat aili deac brotto, BCr. 18½ erpais Patraic aili deac Érenn dó, Trip. 82. 24 . Laws i 234. 17 ; ii 60. 1 ; v 212. 22 ; 252. 20 ; 332. 29 . oile dhécc, ITS v .

(b) with subst. (inserted between the unit and deac): trí mís deacc, Bvi 21 . dí míli déec, Wb. 15 b 1 . ala laa deacc, Bvi 39 . ala rann deac, BCr. 18½ d . cóic cét déc 1500 TBC-LL¹ 18 . in darna huair déag, MR 106. 12 . isin seachtmad bliadain déc, TBC-LL¹ 347 Y. MOD. trí míosa déag thirteen months; an treas mí déag &c.—Between the unit and the ten only one subst. is allowed, except in instances of the type `secht trichait cét déac' TBC-LL¹ 189 LU ( ib. 192 , 301 ).—Adjectives and genitives belonging to the subst. follow deac: dá mí deacc æscidi, Bvi 23 . dá chlár déc ségdai sescat, SR 4232 . ala rann deac brotto, BCr. 18½ d . dá mí deac gréne, Bvi 23 . ar chúic ungaib dec argait, SR 7712 . im secht macaib déc Dedad, MR 212. 8 .

II Pl. teens , only Mod.-Ir. (modelled on English). ní ḟuil sí as a déagaibh fós she is not out of her teens yet GJ v 9 a . tá sé ag dul insna déagaibh he is advancing in his teens Dinneen .

MOD. See above. aon déag (pron. aonéag) W.K. As to the stress in cpd. numerals like cúig bhliadhna déag, see Quiggin Dial. Don. § 487 . Seanchaint 136 .

do-airret, do-áirret

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-airret, do-áirret or dil.ie/17156

Forms: tár(r)thid, tair(r)thid, tarraid, dusn-arrith, ním-farraidh, tairet, do-da-uret, do-m-airthend, -tairthenn, do-n-airthe, do-n-arraid, da thairthe, doairthend, -táirthe, do-sn-árthet, donairthét, tairthet, to-air-thét, tairthit, táirthed, toirthead, tairset, dafarsed, danarsitis, táirsitis, -táir, tartha, tanáirsed, tarradais, do-m-árraid, du-sn-arraid, do-t-árruigh, dafarraid, do-s-farraidh, -fairraidh, -fairidh, dosfairtestar, rom-farraid, rosfarraigh, tarraid, -tárraid, tarraigh, tharraid, dothairraich, rostarraig, donarthaid, tarthaid, tarthaigh, taurthais, tarthis, táirthis, táirthidhis, tairtemar, tarthamair, tárthamar, donarthatar, do-n-arthetar, du-sn-arthaiter, do-airtetar, dofárthetar, dofairthetar, tarthatar, tárthetar, tartatar, tarthadar, tairthedar, [t]airthiter, tairredar, doairrither, tarrthaitear, tairthither, tarthither, tarthithear, tarrustar, notairister, tarrustar, tharrastá, tarusta, taraisdea, tarrustar, -tairistea, tarras, tarrus, rotharrus, tarrthus, tarrthas, tairtes, tarrassa, tarraid, tárruim, tarar-sa, tarrusa, tarrais, doradais, tathradais, tharr, tharramar, tarabhair-si, tárratar, tarradar, tairredar, tháirsiot, conus-táirsetar, -ttarustar, dofáirthetar

(* to-air-reth-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 598 , but perh. *to-ad-reth- or a contamination of both. See GOI p. 496 ). Later as simple vb. tár(r)thid, tair(r)thid, tarraid. IGT Verbs § 16 . Indic. pres. 3 s. dusn-arrith, Trip.² 904 . ním-farraidh, RC x 90.4 (LU). ? tairet, LL 179a1 . ? do-da-uret, Laws iv 184.13 . Later: do-m-airthend, Imr. Brain ii 293.11 . RC x 222 § 13 . -tairthenn, RC x 222 § 13 . Fen. 226 . The follg. are apparently either pres. or pret. 3 s.: do-n-airthe, RC xiii 405 § 57 (cf. do-n-arraid, § 56 ). da thairthe, x 222.132 v.l. (doairthend, text). -táirthe, ALC i 132.7 . 3 pl. do-sn-árthet, TBC-I¹ 195 (LU). donairthét, Trip.² 1524 . tairthet, Wb. 27d23 (possibly = to-air-thét, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 840.1 ). tairthit, Alex. 1127 ( -id, 491 ). 1069 . Impf. 3 s. táirthed, LU 5159 = toirthead, TBC-I¹ 677 . Subj. The orig. s-subj. early fell together both in form and meaning with that of do-airicc, from which it is hardly to be distinguished in prose; for exx. see do-airicc, where some of the subj. forms given may belong to this verb. The follg. forms may be assigned to do-airret: subj. pres. 3 pl. tairset, BDD 95 ; impf. 3 s. dafarsed, TBC-LL¹ 4255 . 3 pl. danarsitis, Irish Texts i 12 § 37 . táirsitis, TBC-I¹ 613 (do-airicc?). Also perh. -táir in bardic verse ( Dán Dé xxvii 16 , L. Cl. A. B. 239.62 , etc.). Later forms: pres. 3 s. go nach tartha , ZCP viii 552.4 . Condit. 3 s. tanáirsed, BDD² 1087 (see Gloss. s.v. do-árid).

Pret. and perf. 2 s. tarradais, LL 303b30 ( RC xiii 84 § 95 ). 3 s. do-m-árraid, LU 9361 . du-sn-arraid, AU 912 . do-t-árruigh, TE § 9 . dafarraid, Trip.² 298 . do-s-farraidh, AFM 1101 , -fairraidh, 919 , -fairidh, 430 . dosfairtestar, Alex. 789 . rom-farraid , BNnÉ 301 § 4 . rosfarraigh, BB 50a22 . tarraid, FB § 66 . -tárraid, SR 3019 . tarraigh, RC ix 468 (LU). do tharraid , SR 4157 . dothairraich, Lec. 615b6 . rostarraig, BB 351b20 . Note also donarthaid, O'D. 111 ( H 3.17 90 ). Forms like tarthaid, RC xv 426 , tarthaigh, Imr. Brain i 66.11 , 69.25 , may be presents of simple vb., cf. the later s-pret. taurthais, TBC-LL¹ 1241 (do-tuit?). tarthis, Cóir Anm. 70 . táirthis, RC xiii 106 (LL). táirthidhis, Keat. ii 2334 . 1 pl. tairtemar, TBC-I¹ 2482 . tarthamair, ZCP xii 384.6 . tárthamar, Acall. 2911 . 3 pl. donarthatar, Trip.² 1608 . do-n-arthetar, LL 406b1 . du-sn-arthaiter, AFM vi 2332 . do-airtetar, Lism. L. 522 . dofárthetar, TBC-LL¹ 2489 . dofairthetar, TBC-I¹ 1835 . tarthatar, TBC-LL¹ 677 . AU 961 . tárthetar, TTr.² 722 . tartatar, Aen. 1021 . tarthadar, AFM v 1358 . tairthedar, ii 830 . PH 1913 . conid [t]airthiter , AU 946 . gu tairredar , CCath. 2404 .

Pass. pres. doairrither, Laws iv 140.y . tarrthaitear, IT iii 198.11 . i tairthither , LL 14b10 = tarthither, BB 42a23 . tarthithear, Lec. 571a28 . Subj. pres. mana tarrustar , Laws iv 244.1 ; ii 180 , 288 , 62.3 . ge notairister , 182 (?). nár tarrustar , Duan. F. i 55.29 . Impf. ní tharrastá , TTr.² 181 . co tarusta , Laws v 328 , cf. ii 90.5 . da taraisdea , iii 100.6 . Fut. tarrustar `shall be overtaken', AFM 825 (poem). Condit. -tairistea, Laws iii 528.8 . Pret. and perf. tarras, LU 3121 . tarrus (passim). rotharrus, Ériu i 102 § 59 . tarrthus, Aen. 649 . tarrthas, AFM vi 2010 . tairtes, ii 792.1 . pl. co tarrassa , Rawl. B 503, 39a (Plummer MS. notes).

Exx. of simple vb. tarraid (from pret.?). Indic. pres. 1 s. tárruim (sic leg.?), KMMisc. 366.26 . Subj. pres. 1 s. no co tarar-sa , TTebe 2764 . Pret. 1 s. tarrusa, Acall. 5233 . ? 2 s. tarrais, 5533 (doradais, tathradais, v.l.). 3 s. do tharr , Rel. Celt. ii 192.11 . 1 pl. do tharramar , Duan. F. i 90.16 . 2 pl. tarabhair-si, RC xxix 112 § 8 . 3 pl. tárratar, Fianaig. 91.11 . tarradar, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 340.4 . gu tairredar , CCath. 2404 . ní tháirsiot , Hugh Roe 150.23 . conus-táirsetar, AFM ii 1042 . Pass. -ttarustar, AFM i 26.3 .

For vn. see tárrachtain.

I As trans. vb.

(a) overtakes, comes up with, comes upon unawares, catches: araile laech . . . domárraid-si, LU 9361 . do-airthend Cuculaind in Mórrigan, RC x 222 . dolluid Mider . . . rosfarraid dara n-ése, Metr. Dinds. iii 42 . ni tharra-sum Patraic, Lism. L. 193 . dosfairtestar ┐ rongeoguin, Alex. 789 . donarthatar tri druíd oc Raith R., Trip.² 1606 . conus táirsetar Goill oc Fiondabhair, AFM 1133 (ii 1042) . dosn-árthet ocht fichit oss n-allaid and, TBC-I¹ 195(LU) . co tairthed C. inn urchur dolléced asa thailm riasú rísad talmain would catch the missile, 1512 (LU). Often in hostile sense attacks, falls on: domfarraid (leg. don-) iarum A. co fiacail fidbi ina eton, YBL 205b35 . a tri dodnairthet (sic leg.) occo; huaill ┐ dimus ┐ ferc three things assail him in pursuit of it (i.e. truth), ZCP iii 450.26 . ? masa log othrusa theit do doarthenn cach ni dachuaid seacha, O'D. 2309 ( Rawl. B 506, 31a ) = Ériu xii 34.10 . Of events, disasters, etc., comes upon, befalls: cid do-t-árruigh? what has happened to thee?, TE § 9 . dafarraid galar sickness seized him, Trip.² 298 . condastárraid tess, SR 3019 . co mbad i llius libsi danarsitis ec that he should die, Irish Texts i 12 § 37 . a ndo doraid tarraid Coinculainn all the misfortune that had befallen C., IT i 299 . nirsam óg; tarrad mór rí ar gach rótt I have overtaken (i.e. outlived) many kings, Fen. 224 . doneoch tharradais do rígaib of all the kings thou hast come across, LL 303b30 = RC xiii 84 , Lism. L. p. 306 . fri cuimne seanchad indraice do[no] doairrither in ime by the memory of respectable antiquaries by whom the fence is overtaken (= in whose time the fence was erected), Laws iv 140 Comm. (cf. Plummer, Ériu viii 129 ). ma[d] gell bes airde ináit a fe[i]ch ┐ foiche De donairrtet, O'D. 122 ( H 3.17 101 ) = ┐ foichid De dia tharrachtain, O'Curry 2691 ( Eg. 88, 59 (60)a ). tarraid me Eri ar da mag I have seen Ireland with but two plains, Fen. 270 . an ttárthaidh tú no ar cuimhin leat leithéad na maidne anae? did you ever experience . . . the like of yestermorn?, Celt. Rev. x 138 . Note also: conid a mmárb tarraid talmain fell dead to the ground, LU 9093 ( FB § 84 ). rí is ferr tarraid talam, YBL 121a41 . riasiu táirset talmain, BDD 95 .

(b) reaches, comes to: gonach tartha int aitheach int áth ar tús romam, ZCP viii 552 , cf. TBC-LL¹ 1878 . tarthaigh T. tempall Cille C., Imr. Brain i 66 .

(c) catches, seizes, grasps: tarras-[s]a in darna congna de ┐ tarraid D. in congna aile, Acall. 2915 . tarraid C. cruadlann a claidim etarbuas, MR 300 . tairthit a fidbaco ┐ gabait a soighid, Aen. 1127 . tarraidh a láimh leathga robói for alchuing, BS 142 . tarraid a sciath for sdúadhlerg a dhruma girded on, Fianaig. 84 . tarraid gac[h] fer a n-arma ┐ a n-ededh aca, Celt. Rev. iv 10 . Cf. also: ní mó tarrthus cenn furre no for in gaeth it was no more possible to get hold of her than of the wind, Aen. 649 . ní tháirsiot greim forro they did not come up with them, Hugh Roe 150 . Catches, captures: do-m-airthend línaigi Cairill (said by a salmon), Imr. Brain ii 293 . is 'na lín tarras hí (of Lí Ban the mermaid), LU 3121 ( SG 237 ). co tarrus e ittir (sic leg.) na bú ┐ an lorcc, AFM 1094 (ii 946) . cin co tarrustar in cintuch though the delinquent be not apprehended, Laws ii 288 Comm. Cf. PH 8117 : ní tharraid in animm as in curp ann sin (subj. slóg mór na ndemna). Note also: tárraid Fertái bóeghal gona forsin rí[g]fénidh seized an opportunity of wounding, Fianaig. 96 .

(d) finds: ni tharraid in t-ór ar n-impod he did not find the gold on his return (?), Lism. L. 193 . romudaigh . . . i tarraid da bur muintir ann such of your people as he found there, CCath. 5155 . co nā tarras acht a cnáma lomma only their bare bones remained (lit. were found), BDD App. 156 . a n-áes in-ob-tarras the age ye have attained (lit. in which ye have been found), RC x 64 .

(e) gets, attains to, secures (common in case of simple vb. tarraid, etc.): for deich treib tarraid a reir he acquired rule (obedience to his will) over ten tribes, SR 6535 . a cūic fichet dib tarthatar raind, inna cūic fichet aile ni tharthatar raind, Ériu iii 140 . na cūic cétfatha triassa tarrthaitear in fis through which knowledge is obtained, IT iii 198 . araba ina tairtemar dā deigchleamnas what we have gained by his becoming our son-in-law, TBC-I¹ 2482 (YBL) = araba a ttaramoir-ne, ZCP x 282 . dot' tharbha ní thárrasa | cuid ghiolla an eich don gheirrfhiadh I never got as much of your favour as the horseboy gets of the hare, Dánta Gr. 61.15 . tnúth ré dtárrthus do ṡochar jealousy of the rewards I have got, Content. ix 28 .

With follg. vn.: sul tarraid a n-etrāin torchratar ocht cét díb before they could be separated, TBC-LL¹ 4580 . ní tharraid etargaire, co romarbait a ndis intercession was of no avail, LL 30b15 = ní tarrus ædarghaire (a e.?), RC xv 281 ( Dinds. i § 14 ) = ní tharthus a edargaire, BB 350a27 . go nach dtárrthas anacal nā imdeaguil ar na hairdrioghaibh sin no protection was to be had against those kings, MR 86 . Note also: tarraidh secht mbliadna . . . C. reigned seven years, BB 47b10 . tarraigh O. . . . fichit bliadan, Lec. 621a39 . Cf. tarraid F. . . . . re ré coic mbliadan . . . ar mag Ailig, Arch. Hib. ii 49 § 23 .

(f) visits, avenges (an offence) on (with AR, FOR): no co tararsa ar na Tiauandib crechta . . . mo chuirp till I avenge my wounds on the Thebans, TTebe 2764 . mani tharrastá co luath, ní tharrastá co bráth if it were not avenged speedily it would never be avenged, TTr.² 181 . gach olc darónsat tarras orra, Cog. 116.4 . tren tarras air on rioghain stern vengeance overtook him from the queen, Duan. F. i 32 . So also in Laws Comm. : cach ni roghabh . . . is a cin fair, mana tarrustar for a fine unless (the offence) be charged on his `fine', Laws iv 244 . madh codhnach fuachnuighes fris . . . dia tarrustar fair, ní ícand int aite frisin athair if a responsible adult attacks him (the foster-child) . . . if he is punished the foster-father does not pay damages to the father, ii 180 . Note also: tarrus forro siar ┐ soir | in-deochad ubaill Adaim was visited upon, Lec. 84a27 .

(g) With árach lays, imposes a pledge, bond (on): tárratar in dias [s]in arach comraic ┐ comlainn ar a céli pledged themselves to fight each other, Fianaig. 92 . tarrus arach orum-sa uime sin a pledge has been laid on me to that effect, Ériu iii 154 . táirthis [Moling] bæth n-araig fair laid a deluding bond on him (alluding to the promise exacted by M. from Finnachta for the remission of the Borama), RC xiii 106 . See maeth.

II Intrans. comes up, arrives (but perh. originally with infixed pron.): dofárthetar dā mac B. . . . ┐ rodgonat, TBC-LL¹ 2489 = dofáirthetar, TBC-I¹ 1835 LU. dofarraid leo . . . coruc caerig dia cháireib, SR 5715 . contarthatar coin altai co romarbsad an inilt, Toch. Becfola 176 ( Ir. MSS. Ser. i ). co tarraid debaid iter Aedan mac G. ┐ int Aed mac A. a quarrel arose, YBL 126a14 . Usually with prepp. AR, FOR, DO, I comes up with, overtakes, falls upon: tarthetar sluaig in tíre forru, TTr.² 722 . tarthemar-ne air, Acall. 2911 . uair na tarraidh fair since he could not come up with him, Aen. 3146 . . . . do tharaid ar chath curad chanced upon (was involved in) a contest (?), Todd Nenn. lxix . amal tarraigh don ḟidbuith sin when he reached that wood, RC ix 468 (LU). dotharraid teidm duairc dóib, SR 4157 . dos-farraigh ingnad anaithnigh doibh isin forais, Grail 3392 . mór tarraidh don teguscc riogh, | dīden cōra, cosg feilgnīomh much falls (pertains) to a king's training, ZCP ii 350 . uair tarras-[s]a dot muintirus since I have attained to thy fellowship, Acall. 4118 . co tarraidh colgdés in chlaidhimh . . . 'na cloigenn lodged in his skull, MR 298 . See further Celtica iii 267-8 .

See 1 tárr(th)aigid and 2 tárr(th)aigid.

do-icc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-icc or dil.ie/17788
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: condid-ticci, tici-siu, do-da-ic, to-t-ic, tic, to-nn-ecad, do-s-ecat, tecait, ticed, doticed, tictis, thictis, toi-n-ictis, ticed, to-n-iced, do-m-icced, tecat, tis[s]a, tíos, tiu-sa, tís, go tis-[s]iu, tís, tisi, do-mm-, tí, tísam, tissaid, do-t-ísat, nacha-tísat, tíssat, ndon-tisat, tisor, tísir-siu, tissain, do-da-íssed, do-n-ised, do-m-issed, tised, thised, condid-tísed, condísed, contísed, tismais, tistai, do-m-istais, do-n-ístais, doristis, tístis, ticabh, ticub, do-sn-icfa, do-nd-iccfa, to-t-icfa, ticfea, ticfe, ticfai, du-nd-icfet, ticfat, ticfait, ticfaind, do-n-icfad, ticfed, du-nd-icfitis, tiuc-, tiucfad, tánac, rotanac-sa, do-ndn-anac, to-nn-anac, tánac, do-m-anicc, du-nn-ánic, du-da-ánaic, tánicc, nin-tánicc, tanaic, nín-tanic, condanicc, tánic, táinic, donfáncid, donangid, tancaibair, do-m-ancadar, du-sn-ancatar, táncatar, dom-ranic, dosranic, damrancadar, tecar, tecar, tecar, tístar, tistar, tísta, thíosta, ticht, tohét, tíchtu, tiacht, techt, da-fic, doficc, do-ficced, do-ficfe, dobarficfa, toficfat, ficfit, dofánic, dosfánic, donfáncid, dosfangator, do-s-físta, rasfecgat, tangus, tánacais, tanacais-[s]iu, ticcis, tigis, dodsisigh, ticsidh, ticsead, tigsed, co-ndn-icsitis, ticc-, tig-, dosfístá

v (* to-icc-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 557 ). Indic. pres. 2 s. condid-ticci, Wb. 24b5 . tici-siu, TBC-I¹ 2610 . 3 s. do-da-ic, Ml. 123d3 . to-t-ic, Fél. May 25 . tic, SR 8117 , etc. 3 pl. to-nn-ecad, TBC-I¹ 475 . do-s-ecat, Lec. 85b1 . (Mid.Ir. tecat, tecait.) Impf. 3 s. ní ticed , Ml. 41d9 . doticed, SR 1116 . 3 pl. tictis, TBC-I¹ 1432 (LU). do thictis , SR 1120 . toi-n-ictis, BB 39a22 . Ipv. 3 s. ticed, LU 3660 ( SCC § 32 ). to-n-iced, TBC-I¹ 1061 ; do-m-icced, etc. 3 pl. tecat, TBC-I¹ 1402 (LU).

Subj. pres. 1 s. co tis[s]a , TBC-I¹ 938 . tíos, Lism. L. 2297 . co tiu-sa , PH 997 . 2 s. tís, TBC-LL¹ 1860 . go tis-[s]iu, 5979 . acht co tís , RC iii 181.14 . Mid.Ir. mina tisi , Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40 . 3 s. do-mm-, Fél. Ep. 561 . co tí , Wb. 8d25 , Ml. 26a5 . 1 pl. ara tísam , TBC-I¹ 25 . 2 pl. tan tissaid , SR 3501 . 3 pl. cé do-t-ísat , Ériu i 198 § 17 . ar nacha-tísat , Wb. 17d10 . co tíssat , Hy. ii 36 . co ndon-tisat , TBC-I¹ 3066 . In Mid.Ir. often depon. in 1 and 2 s.: co tisor , TBC-I¹ 939 , Lism. L. 2315 . na tísir-siu , LL 262b28 . Impf. 1 s. co tissain , SR 1814 . 3 s. do-da-íssed, Ml. 39c15 . do-n-ised, TBC-I¹ 925 (LU). cia do-m-issed , 1728 . tised, Wb. 27c8 . mani thised , 4c15 . condid-tísed, 21a1 . condísed, 25a6 . contísed, Thes. ii 242.6 (Ardm.). do-r-issed, Corm. s.v. leithech (LB). 1 pl. tismais, TBC-I¹ 2357 . 2 pl. dia tistai , TBC-LL¹ 590 . 3 pl. do-m-istais, TBC-I¹ 2832 . do-n-ístais, Ériu i 114 § 3 . ? doristis, TTr.² 692 . tístis. Fut. 1 s. ticabh, Lism. L. 2299 . ticub, Ériu vii 229.11 , AFM i 308 (poem). 3 s. do-sn-icfa, Wb. 5c5 . do-nd-iccfa, 29c4 . to-t-icfa, SR 6855 . ticfea, Wb. 4d6 . ticfe, SR 8103 . ticfai, IT i 20.28 (LB). 3 pl. du-nd-icfet, Ml. 19b11 . ticfat, SR 8037 etc. ticfait, 8129 . Condit. 1 s. ní ticfaind , TBC-I¹ 2504 . 3 s. do-n-icfad, Wb. 21a3 . nad ticfed , Ml. 46a19 . 3 pl. du-nd-icfitis, 68a1 . In later lang. the stem tiuc- commonly occurs in fut. tiucfad (1 s.), TE 9 (Eg.).

Pret. and Perf. 1 s. tánac, SR 1684 , cf. 1695 . rotanac-sa, IT i 102.22 . 2 s. do-ndn-anac, TBC-I¹ 1613 (YBL) = to-nn-anac, (LU). tánac, 485 . 3 s. do-m-anicc, Wb. 12c9 . du-nn-ánic, 25a21 . du-da-ánaic, Ml. 123c3 . tánicc, Wb. 30d11 . nin-tánicc, 1d1 . tanaic, Ml. 35d1 . nín-tanic, 14d4 . condanicc, Wb. 3c27 . Mid.Ir. tánic, táinic. 2 pl. donfáncid, LU 1451 . donangid, 1452 . tancaibair, 2328 . 3 pl. do-m-ancadar, TBC-I¹ 2807 , du-sn-ancatar, 832 . táncatar. With -ro-: dom-ranic, TBC-I¹ 2787 . dosranic, ZCP xi 110 § 32 . damrancadar, TBC-I¹ 2850 . Pass. (s. only) ipv. na tecar , TBC-LL¹ 1767 . Pres. tecar, ni tecar , Laws , etc. Subj. pres. co tístar , Moling 71 . na tistar , RC iii 185.4 . Impf. tísta; muna thíosta , AFM vi 1918 . Pret. and perf. ticht (tohét, v.l.) . . . o Ch. i ndiaid mac mB., Cymmr. xiv 110 § 10 (see ZCP xviii 326 ). -tícht, Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 56 § 22 . Vn. tíchtu, tiacht, etc. Later also techt.

Mid.Ir. deuterotonic forms with inorganic -f-: da-fic, TBC-I¹ 561 LU = doficc, YBL; impf. do-ficced; fut. do-ficfe, TBC-I¹ 203 . dobarficfa, SG 376.9 . toficfat, TBC-I¹ 1077 (LU). ficfit, 171 ; pret. dofánic, TBC-I¹ 1778 (LU). dosfánic, SR 1687 . donfáncid, LU 1451 . dosfangator, Hugh Roe 300.4 (donangatar, 5). Pass. subj. impf. do-s-físta, TBC-LL¹ 2818 . Cf. also: rasfecgat (= do-s-ecat), TBC-LL¹ 5088 ( LL 96a47 ).

With s- forms in pret. and perf.: 1 s. tangus. 2 s. tánacais, TBC-I¹ 2415 . tanacais-[s]iu, IT i 102.23 . Also 3 s. ticcis, tigis, e.g. Fl. Earls 32.22 , 46.1 , 78.14 .

The follg. subj. forms are perhaps due to contamination with -dichs-, prototonic stem of do-cóis- (tiagu): Pres. 3 s. dodsisigh . . . ticsidh , Ériu v 156 , 174 . Impf. 3 s. ticsead, Lec. 347a51 ; 342b22 . ara tigsed , 191b30 . 3 pl. co-ndn-icsitis, Lat. Lives 49 . In late Mid.Ir. subj. is often formed from stem ticc-, tig-.

I In O.Ir. usually with direct object (freq. an infixed pron. in accus.) comes to, approaches, denoting motion (physical or figurative).

(a) With pers. obj.: do-ss-icc seigh mar don muir, Anecd. i 70 . to-t-ic (do tic, v.l.) féil Iohannis, Fél. May 25 . ní ticed scís mo chnamai cid dian . . . nothéisinn, Ml. 41d9 . doticfa diliu trom, SR 2442 . toticfa dígal, 6855 . doforficfa foirit[h]in help will come to you, CCath. 3579 . dobicfat (doforfiucfad, v.l.) anbthine móra, Ériu ii 196 . túatha hÉrenn tairchantais | do-sn-icfed sídflaith núae, Hy. ii 19 . is ed rochreti cách duibsi . . . nachabticfed for rí, Ml. 46a14 . dommí co ndegairdib . . . mo c[h]ara cain may my friend come to me, ACL iii 221 . Michel uasal . . . doti for cech cái, Anecd. ii 52 . nachamthí bét nā bini, Ériu ii 92 . guidim-si . . . nachasti nach plāigh, Anecd. ii 34 . nām thí garga fri sluagh nArda may no resentment against . . . come to me, ACL iii 297 . cé do tísat morgressa, Ériu i 198 . co ndontisat a ndá trichaid cēt sin, TBC-I¹ 3066 . ma(i) domised-sa com thech | hua Mescain should come to me to my house, AU 617 . nicon fil frithorcain nachamthísed-sa, Ml. 107b8 . co nam tísad congain cride, ZCP v 497 . menim-thistais écne, Ériu v 210 . domanic ben maethainech, TBC-I¹ 2789 . isé ceta-domthanic who was the first to come to me, 2794 . boi C. ina otharligiu andside conatatanicc Senoll, 2735 . tainic anbthine mór a cobhlach, CCath. 162 . bennacht for cach donancamar everyone we have come to, Anecd. i 11 . tabraid far mbennachtain forsin flaith do-n-fáncid the prince to whom you have come, MU² 925 . dosfancadar uilc mora, CCath. 313 .

Rare in pass.: dammad ar galaib óenfir dosfístá Oengus, TBC-LL¹ 2818 (= do hionnsochtai, St.).

do-m-icc comes to me in sense of I getfrom): is deolaid a trian tic fer mbunaid the third which the original owner gets, Laws iv 180 . a trian tic na flaithi, Ériu i 214 . tomiced biad cach n-oen-aichde uaidib let them send me food, TBC-I¹ 1061 . do-micced mo dlighedh let me have my right, Laws i 82 Comm. domiced claideb úaib give me a sword, TBFr. 229 . ni-n-tiucba a ndonfarnic arráir we shall not get what we got last night, RC x 66 . minab samlaid thēis, roticfa (for rot-t.) cloch huaimse isin tailm, TBC-I¹ 795 . día tísat eóin Mag M . . . . duticfat thou shalt have them, LU 3272 ( SCC § 6 ). ingaib ifern . . . rothí (= rotthí) nem so shalt thou gain heaven, ZCP vi 265 . acht co nomthi oen-poicc (for oen pócc?) duit provided I get a kiss from you, RC xxiv 198 . con-nachamthised uait acht oen-lám that thou shouldst use only one hand against me, RC iii 184 . bid fō lim tomissed comardha n-uait that thou shouldst send me a token, TBC-I¹ 925 . ara tisad a fīr cāch everyone should get his right, Laws i 152 . maic bic . . . resíu tosni a aicneth (= priusquam impellat natura), Ériu vii 144 . cuman lim amal domáinic labrad how I learned to speak, Imr. Brain ii 293 . co namthí techt do nemdaib till I gain entrance to heaven, Ériu vi 115 . Cf. also: Buarannach mac E. a síth L. domanaicsea I am B. from the fairy-mound of L., MacCongl. 75 (replacing atom-comnaicc, see 1 ad-cumaing).

(b) With obj. denoting place, destination, aim: hi ngrellig donnicc echrad rig to which the horses of a king come, TBC-I¹ 3545 . ba fornocht talam eturru ┐ daneccad hUlaid re fuined ngrēne reach it, TBC-I¹ 3418 . in tan tanic in ṁBruig ṁbúain, Ériu vii 223 . mac is amru tánic Laigniu riam, RC xiii 373 . do neoch nā toracht ┐ nā tanic an dunad, TBC-I¹ 3409 . tancatar a tech, Hy. v 53 . co tancatar Temraig, RC iii 182 . ? cén co tisam dutracht lind though we achieve not our desire, SG 45 .

co ticci till thou comest (to): condid-ticci till thou comest to it, Wb. 24b5 . rob áil damsa do dula-su co tici fail i fil Emer, TBC-I¹ 2425 . settai mná Ulad uli co nomthici-sea till thou comest to me, i.e. except me, FB § 24 . Usually as prepositional phr. as far as, up to, till: focheird C. tri bidgu ina ndiaid cotici in n-ath, TBC-I¹ 1324 . co tici Ath Da Fertai, 2135 . co ticci a dorn, 3163 . do sárluag . . . co tici do chutrommae up to thy full value (weight), TE 13 (LU). dochoid-si . . . codicce Dun S., TBC-I¹ 1317 . táinicc Brian hi Midhe co ticci Loch nA., AFM ii 728 . Cf. mod. gonuige up to, as far as, and co tí under II (a) infra.

II In Mid.Ir. and later lang. usually intrans. comes . So occasionally in O.Ir. glosses, e.g. Wb. 27c8 , 30d11 , Ml. 46a19 , and in the phrase co tí, Wb. 8d25 , 26a5 , 11 , Ml. 26a5 ; more freq. the obj. (person or destination) is replaced by a neut. infixed pron. inna persine dodiccfa, Wb. 29c4 . condid-tísed ind aimser, 21a1 . ciasidfiadat-som dundicfet in[na] fochaidi, Ml. 19b11 . ind aimsir dundicfitis Assair, 68a1 . So in the follg. exx.: fri snadud neich dodisad co n-airchetul who should come with poetry, TBC-I¹ 594 (YBL). is bráth fri bidbadu dodanic ann, 3192 . in laech dodanic, 3205 , cf. 3214 , 3216 . ba hé Cáilte dodánic, Imr. Brain i 48 . is bruthmar a bara in chaurad dadanig and, TBC-I¹ 3277 . is leth gliad dandanic (= dond.) and, 3252 . fíad ind óclaig dundánic, Imr. Brain i 47 . ar cind cach tascuir dodanic, Laws i 48 Comm. The freq. use of and thither, there in combination with this infixed pron. shows that the force of the latter was early lost. The orig. trans. construction leaves its trace further in Mid.Ir. and even later in the freq. occurrence of a nugatory infixed obj. pron.: dafic C. chucu, TBC-I¹ 561 (LU = doficc, YBL). nostic immach he comes forth, Ériu iv 100 (ergid, v.l.). dusfic Eoin gusin gcuid oile do na hapstaloibh, Fl. Earls 116 . a hArd C. dusfánaicc go Cenel Conaill, Hy Fiach. 76 . nostecat 'na ndáil, Ériu iv 106 . dusficceat darsna múraibh, AFM vi 2214 .

(a) In lit. sense: lion ticcthi tar tuile theinn as many of you as come, BS 20 . na fir-sea thecait anair who come from the east, Imr. Brain ii 288 . cech slamsrúam thened doniged ina bél asa brágit, TBC-I¹ 1947 . do choistecht fri timna | tictis isna sabbóteib, SR 4596 . doticdis na bāi . . . for ingeilt . . . a crich Dal R., Corm. Y 585 . dia tí iall i mag, TBC-I¹ 1168 . ticfa tálcend dar muir, Hy. ii 21 Comm. ( Thes. ii 314 ). muna dtíosadh aingeal Dé do nimh, Ériu i 91 . intan tíos aríss when I come back, Lism. L. 2297 . mina ticte-sa beo tar h'ais if you should not come back alive, ZCP vi 82 . ticfat a cind da colaind they shall lose their heads, CRR 22 . co tanic a inchind fora chluasa, TBC-I¹ 810 . fada ód' thír tangais alle, BS 58 . robá i ngalar ┐ tancabair dom torroma, RC iv 246 . roiarfuig doib canas tancatar, Hy. iv Pref . romarbhsat an manach ┐ tangattar iter a cend ┐ a cholann (i.e. beheaded him?), BNnÉ 41 . táncatár a traigthe co mbatar da éis turned backwards, TBC-I¹ 1932 . With co: acht co tís chucund provided thou come to us, RC iii 181 . ir-richt eoin ticed Uictor aingel co Patraic, Hy. ii 8 Comm. tainic Fergus co a pupall, TBC-I¹ 2313 . cach anmanna . . . doticed dochum nAdaim, SR 1116 . tanic nell chuice she swooned, MacCarthy 66 = dosfánic nél, SR 1637 .

Of seeds, sprouts, comes forth: tig síol is táire is ní thig | gráinne ríogh isan roilig 'a humbler seed sprouts in the graveyard but the seed of kings sprouts not', Giolla Brighde 28 § 23 .

Mid.Ir. do-icc (remi) advances, proceeds: tanic F. remi da pupull, TBC-I¹ 2419 . tainic roimhe fón toichim sin, BS 10 . táncatar rompu assan bhaile, Acall. 47 . tangadar rempo co hāth in c[h]omlaind, TBC-I¹ 2325 , 2472 , 2517 ; CRR 10 .

co tí lit. until . . . comes as prep. until: co tí in firbrithem, Wb. 8d25 . co tí lae messa, Ml. 26a5 . co tí Pátraic, Trip.² 2086 . ni fuil noeb conní a airde | co tí in Coimdiu, ACL iii 303 . óndiu co tí bráth until Doomsday, TBC-I¹ 2254 , cf. 2653 . co ti in brath(a), MR 174 . ticfa am . . . gid fada gairid go tí, Fianaig. 74.13 . o chruthughadh an domhain go dtigh so till now, Hard. i 206 .

Comes back, returns: sochaide scaras fria choemu . . . ┐ meni thiset uli i n-imslánti, TBC-LL¹ 197 . ond úair do-chúaid for conair cosin n-uair donánic, TTr.² 527 .

In fig. sense, of transition to a state, mental activity, etc.: doficfad Ulaid asa noeindin, TBC-I¹ 1077 . is minca teagaid locht an fiabrais seo cum beathadh nā cum bāis, 23 P 10, 168rb4 . is roluath tig chum tormuigh it increases, 3 C 19, 33ra10 . gurob mar sin tiocfus . . . a n-aithne na gcúisi shall come to know the causes, 62rb3 . tanic for menmain dó a breth, PH 832 . tainic ar menmain do Stait . . . bunadh, etc. occurred to Statius, TTebe 8 . gurab ón Diabhal tháinig dó an tAifrionn do chur ar gcúl (the idea) came to him of abolishing, Eochairsg. 22 .

Of time, comes, arrives: o thig aghaidh when night comes, BS 30 . o thig laa, 32 . tan dusficc tiughlaithe neich, AFM vi 2184 ond úair thanic a amser when his time (to die) had come, SR 4972 . is demin tánic mo lá my day (of death) has come, SG 91 . tainic dia fo chend a saogal, óir . . . do benadh a gcinn uile díbh their last day came, ALC ii 386 .

By extension, comes to an end, is spent (most freq. in pret.): a n-écmais do beith agum co tí an bliadhain till the year comes to an end, Imr. Brain i 67 . co táinicc trath don ló ┐ don laithe (leg. dond aidchi?) foesin (i.e. till twenty-four hours had elapsed), Moling 8 . tháinicc mórán don lá the day is far spent, Mark vi 35 . Cf. do-icc as (iii).

do-icc dom comes to me, befalls me: co ti taem dot daenacht duit may some stirring of thy humanity visit thee, ACL iii 243 . na ticfad d'ulc ┐ do maith dam all the evil . . . that might fall to me, CRR 11 . dofánic faindi dó, Ériu iv 154 . iarsin tánic galar glan, | feib tic do cach, for Adam, SR 2026 . anfud mór tanic do C. . . . co roattaig Brigit co tísad féth do, Hy. iv Pref . ( Thes. ii 323 ). tangattar doibh na huile so iar mbreithir Ruadháin, BNnÉ 16 . Rarely with LA in this sense: na trí fochaide ata annsom doticfad la Ultu the three worst pests that would befall Ulster, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 26 . atraig C. ┐ dofancatar a ḟerga lais, TBC-LL¹ 1982 .

Of states, events, etc., in general comes about, takes place, happens: ní thig re ré an raimheic ríogh | gníomh ar nar ainic sé an slógh, DDána 91.11 . gur tria n-a aimsiughadh . . . tainic marbadh dhuic de B., Fl. Earls 136 . bidh fis gach neich nadurtha ag na heolchaibh sul tigid siad ann, Ir. Astr. Tr. vi 6 . táncatar sain uile ó Media all these things came to pass through M., LL 221b21 ( TTr. 325 ). is aes ingine macdacht insin ┐ ni thangadar a fhergnima beos, TBC-I¹ 363 . dona tomhadhmannaib tangatar re a linn i nEirinn, Leb. Gab.(i) 54 . fios na neithedh nách táinig knowledge of the future, Ó Héodhusa 155 .

Comes into being, arises, originates: nia duine tiucfae will arise (of Christ), Corm. Y 959 . tiocfa sāi da c[h]loinn dia ēis | bhenfus do chāch a coibhēis, ZCP viii 109 . ar na huilibh da ttainig ┐ da ttiocfa, Luc. Fid. 49 . a chlērigh is ferr tainec thou best of clerics ever born, ZCP viii 302 . conid tainic Senchas Mar was established, Laws i 40 . ag so mar tháinig Béibhionn the descent of B. was as follows, Keat. iii 4041 .

Comes to pass, is fulfilled: táinig tairngire Chiaráin, Arch. Hib. i 83 . táinic in tarrngairi áigh, | táilginn treabsat Cluain Cesáin, Acall. 499 . táinic in tairngiri doronadh dam, D IV 2, 44ra39 . See also under tairngire.

In certain cases do-icc is loosely employed to denote state, development, etc., almost in sense is, becomes, etc.: tig ag Bodhmainn dha bhiathadh he is with B. for his feeding, is fostered by B., Duan. F. i 33 . cionnas tig Eire gan Aodh? how does Ireland get on? Ériu viii 85 . bith a ḟis ag S. gurub maith tainig cruithneacht na mbráthar has thriven, grown, JRSAI ii 360 (1858-9) . bid dis deireoil thu . . . ┐ na tis tar triar chaidchi thou shalt never come past three (i.e. shalt never have more than three descendants living at a time), Lec. 126a18 . tic sin timchell cheithri mile . . . ponnta amounts to, Fl. Earls 178 . cuic seoit .i. da tecait dā ba which amount to two cows, Laws iv 148 Comm. See IGT Verbs § 7 .

Escapes, recovers (also with prep. AS, see (c) below): tinnes . . . ┐ ticc fa dheoigh, C IV 2, 11b4 . dogheibh cunntabhairt bháis ┐ tiuccfaidh, 23b6 .

ní ticc it is not possible: ó nach tig riar an dá rann | gan bheith diomdhach since I cannot agree to both sides, Content. ix 17 . eimealtus romor . . . innus nach ticeann turoisimh 'n-a laeighi do dhenamh so that the patient cannot remain lying down, 23 P 10, 3a49 .

With adj., etc., as pred. almost equivalent to subst. vb.: dotí mac fir in baile slán, ZCP ix 485 . is midlachda tánac, TBC-LL¹ 1279 . tig ót omna ḟaidchennaigh | an chomhla 'na codchannaib the door is shattered, IGT Decl. ex. 69 .

Various idioms: do-icc cride (for) relents, is moved (towards, by): tic craidhe in chléirig gan cheilg | gur réidig as [a] ardfheirg, SG 27 . tic croidhe ┐ inntinn an righ for ghnúis an mhacaoim, BNnÉ 183 . tainig cridhe Moeog fuirte . . . ní tainic cridhe an righ for Moeog, 187 . tanic a n-aicned co mor forro ┐ ba truag leo a toitim, TTebe 3125 . d.¤ i tir gets on, succeeds: mar thigid i dtír, Ó Bruad. ii 170 ; cf. Gadelica i 64 and see 1 tír.

(b) Commonly used in impers. pass. where agent is indefinite: ní tegar dom airfidedh none cometh to make music to me, BS 84 . mina thistar a nēllaib . . . dot indsaigid, nā (leg. ní?) ticfaider anair nā 'niar dot indsaigid, TBC-I¹ 2510 . co tistar ó Dia do nim | d'ordugud mo chuirp, SR 2055 . gidmait . . . co tístar óm Tigerna . . . do cosecradh mo thóedan, Moling 71 . décce dún ammag na tistar chucund cen aicsin lest anyone come to us unseen, RC ii 185 . cumad o Dia tista do breith na muici, ZCP xii 399 . muna thíosta dia ccobhair a ttraitte, AFM vi 1918 . ní tiocfuighthior chuige le holc he shall not be visited with evil, Proverbs xix 23 . ó rofitir M. co ticfaidthea ina degaid that he would be followed, SG 404 . ba maith inti cusa tancus annsin .i. Fiachra, RC xxiv 184 . tancas o Ḟind dom chungidsa, TBC-LL¹ 26 . tangas amach o mac A. da radha a message came out, Cog. 210 . tangus ó shíol M. ar cend R. . . . do thabairt righe dó, AFM iii 86 . tangus orrtha le pícibh they were attacked, Rel. Celt. ii 188 . do thángathas ar gach taoibh people came on every side, ITS i 28 . in túisig risi táncas in techt `the leader with whom the expedition had arrived', LL 221a23 ( TTr. 292 ). ragaid limsa mu drutha . . . ┐ in lín dancus lim uile, Lib. Flav. i 26va38 . dothæt in rigan . . . ┐ ba caem tancas andsin for cach mbuada 'twas a fair coming, Aen. 722 . nir thigthi dho anall he should not have to come, MS. Mat. 542 ( Lec. 167a ).

(c) Idiomatic uses with various prepp.

With AR

(i) speaks of, touches on, mentions (also with TAR, see below): ag so mar thig Policronicon ar an ní gcéadna, Keat. iii 25 . is é so an comhartha ar a dtig Eoin san seachtmhadh caibidil, Eochairsg. 39 . tancamar ar a lān do briathraibh CC. we have related, BCC 362 . ar an ttres n-athcuinghid tigther ann so, Ó Héodhusa 100 .

(ii) agrees on: in ní ar a táinic O Néill ┐ misi re céili, O'Gr. Cat. 57 . táinic ar a chomhadhaib uile dó agreed to all his terms, ML 146 . tángadar leath ar leath ar na cuir ┐ na slánaibh sin dh'á chéile, 8 . gach nidh ar a dtángadar na hAithreacha d'aonintinn, Eochairsg. 21 .

(iii) begins with (in gramm.): an focal tig ar fearn, IGT Introd. § 73 . .h. as lomadh don fhocal tig ar ghuthaidhe, § 18 .

(iv) falls on, devolves on, pertains to: ar teora ferba tic so applies to, Laws i 68 Comm. ni horum-sa ticc guide ar bur son, BCC 282 . ainm . . . nach tiu[c]fad acht ar drochduine would be applicable to, 53 . Cf. also: rochuala-som int éces oc gúmháidim ala n-aile [ṅ-airec] n-inganta amail bid hé bodessin ar dorissed (no ara tísead) (`of whom he spoke' O'Don.; to whom it pertained?), Corm. s.v. leithech (= arahíssed who invented it, YBL).

With ASS

(i) comes out, escapes: (impers.) bróga . . . ní thig asta, is ní chrapaid le láin-teas (i.e. they neither come off, being too loose, nor shrink), O'Rah. xviii 24 . gach ní as a dtigtir `from which an escape is got' (?), Content. xxii 4 . da dtí as . . . muna dtí as recovers , 23 K 42, 347.20 .

(ii) results from: as dá maidhm . . . tig an tír do thiormochadh, Content. vi 69 . da ticfadh as sin co scrisfaide na healadhna, Ir. Astr. Tr. 8 .

(iii) runs out, comes to an end: tánic in bliadain ass fói sin, SG 237 .

With DE

(i) comes, arises from, depends on, is consequent on, due to: ni maith na airm-se . . . ni thic mo dingbail-se di sodhain my equivalent comes not therefrom (i.e. `they are not worthy of me'?), TBC-LL¹ 1094 . isé rí na Temrach túaid, | isé in triath da tic al-les from whom her welfare depends, LL 306b19 . de thainig a thiughlaithi, MacCarthy 420 . tainig tairmesg na duaine desin, Laws v 230 Comm. na minpheacaidh . . .tig díobh na fíréin do bheith i dteine phurgadóra, Eochairsg. 117 . ni thicfa dím-sa . . . a ndul uaitsiu I will not be the cause of their going from you, FDG 612 . go mbudh de sin do thiocfadh na glais do sgaoileadh that would cause the fetters to burst asunder, Eochairsg. 113 . dothicfad dia n-imut nach biath anóir forro such would be their abundance that they would not be valued, Marco P. 105 . gémadh é a oidedh no thiacht de though his death should be the consequence, ZCP xiv 228.6 (leg. nothísad?). dusfainicc dia fertoibh ┐ mhirbuilibh go ttarla toirrches don mbanrigain, Fl. Earls 222 . tainic da righi nertmhar | táth Erenn re haon-shechtmhuin, ZCP xi 42 .

By extension, (ii) do-icc dím it comes from me, i.e. I am able (to): inund són ┐ daic dím which is as much as to say `I am able for it', CRR 44 . ni thic do neoch molad do denum dó, FA 1 (LB). atcualamar . . . co ticc dit remhaisneis cach neith ticfa isin domum, CCath. 4040 . ni thic d'innscne aentengad . . . túr na teist na tuaruscbail Domnaill, MR 182 . ni mō nosticc do Thuirnn a loscad inā loscad in mara T. can no more burn them than he could the sea, Aen. 2032 . rí nime naemhainglech dá tig gach ní who can do all (from whom all proceeds?), ZCP viii 203 . ni thicfa dibhsi anum do thabairt ina dáinib romarbsabar, RC xiv 36 . is iat-sin lānemain dia ticfa mo lesugud-sa, ZCP i 103 . diambad áil dait ticfad dít Ulaid do sídugud, MU² 169 . ni rabi 'sin domun . . . oenḟer da tisad diṅgbail Achil, LL 244a28 ( TTr. 2038 ). achd go dtí dhíom mo thuras . . . do choimhlíonadh, Acts xx 24 . acht co tisa[d] de iomus forasna ┐ dicetal, etc. provided he knew (could practise), Anecd. ii 76 . rogheall a chobhair dia ttíosadh de, AFM vi 2056 . dús an ttiseadh dhe a bfurtacht if he could help them, Hugh Roe 300 . ba derbh leo, dia ttiseadh da nach n-aon oile a bfoirithin . . . combadh dhe a aenar dusfiucfedh if anyone could help them, he and he only could, 278 . gi bec fogla do tigfad de ra Gallaib however little injury he might be able to inflict on the foreigners, Cog. 60 . do Dhia táinic a thoirmesg, BS 6 . is dod gaiscedh-sa tanic in sīdh ūd do dēnum, ZCP vi 49 . go dtiocfadh dhí féin . . . Curaoi do bheith i n-uathadh sluagh she herself would contrive that C. should have few warriors, Keat. ii 3495 .

Note also: tánic de coa mnaí fessin, LU 3267 ( SCC § 6 ). Cf. next par. section (iii).

With DO

(i) falls to, befalls , see above.

(ii) pertains to, applies to, suits: is deas thiocfadh culaidh den bfaision so duit, GJ iv 29 . as follus . . . go tainicc an briathar adubairt Pol . . . do C. C. applied to, BCC 424 . go dtáinic sé dom' aois leigean dom dhíth ceille it became my age to give free course to my folly, ITS xvii 220 . In impers. constr.: ? ma dic dula dam-sa if I can go, Ériu vii 222 . claon cum . . . siubhail for thalamh coimhightheach le dtiocfadh dhó níosa fearr where he will succeed better, Corp. Astron. 132 .

(iii) do-icc dom co . . . (impers., see Celtica ii 216 ) it is time for me to . . ., I arrive at, attain to: acht tised doib co oes ferdatad provided they reached manhood, TBC-I¹ 505 (LU). ó thánic dóibh co dérgud when it was time for them to go to bed, FB § 80 . co tainic co tabairt a n-airm doaib when they had all things ready for plying their arms, Laws i 250 . o thanic dó co dul dochum nime when his time came to go to heaven, Anecd. i 44 . o thánic doib cusin aidche Sathairn when the eve of Saturday arrived, Ériu ii 204 . ó thainigc cusna dédenchu dó-som when his end was at hand, BColm. 106 . o thainicc dhósomh gusna deighencha, Hugh Roe 262 .

With FO

(i) opposes, impugns (Laws): int ap tic fo coraib who impugns the contract, Laws i 52 Comm. ni theacait fo curudh, v 224 Comm. co ma fon uiliataid tista and `to the entire action objection could be made', 184 Comm.

(ii) do-icc fúm it occurs to me, I form the notion, project (of): tainic fai a breith ar eigin co minicc he often thought of carrying her off by force, Lib. Flav. i 33vb (cf. PH 832 ). cidh teichedh do thísadh fútha, CCath. 1745 .

With FRI

(i) comes against, withstands, opposes, injures: ní bía a nert ar nech fo nimh | óir ticc ríu nert Dé dhūiligh, BNnÉ 255 . ní thicfad ri forngaire ind ríg, LL 220a27 ( TTr. 222 ). dia tístais firu in domain frim-sa ní thicfad Congal, MR 12 . ni bāi do dūilib Dē dil | dūil nothissed fri ar menmain | . . . acht int angbaid Lucifur, SR 1510 . tiocfaidther ret' rath ┐ bid é torad do bhronn tiocfus riut, SG 395 . cret ticc ritt? what ails thee? TE 7 (Eg.). rofiarfaigh L. dhi cread tainic fría what had happened to her, Ériu v 80 . an trath teagar reisin ngaili o rotheasaid[e] when the stomach is affected through excessive heat, 23 P 10, 141vb22 . annamh tréan nach dteagthar ris, Dánta Gr. 53.2 . ar oman co tiucfaidhe frib ó Dia uel ó duine for fear you might meet with a reverse, O'Gr. Cat. 132 . tiocfa crochadh an Ríogh riú, A. Ó Dálaigh xlii 9 .

(ii) submits to, agrees to (with), freq. in Laws Comm.: in tan tic-sium re dliged submits to law, Laws iii 116 Comm. . tegaid ar aen re dliged comruic `appeal to the law of combat', v 150 Comm. . co tisat fri dlighedh, i 106 Comm. . cia notisad ria aithrigi, 10 Comm. . in ni nā tainic nō nā tudchad frí breithir nDe did not agree with, 38 Comm.

Later with RE (LE) concurs, agrees with, suits: tigim ris an reachd gur maith é I consent unto the law, Romans vii 16 . fá an ní ré dtig se which he alloweth, xiv 22 . tig Camden féin leis an bhfreagradh so, Keat. i 58 . gur beag d'úghdaraibh thig ré chéile ar chomháireamh na haimsire, 86 . mar nach tigid na príomhúghdair seo le n-a chéile, 88 . ní thangadar a bhfíadhnuisidhe le chéile, Mark xiv 56 . ge tic apium ┐ alues le cele da rēr a serui though parsley and aloes agree in pungency, Ir. Astr. Tr. 72 . ní thig an preabán núa-éuduigh leis an tsein-éudach, Luke v 36 . ní thuigim go dtiocfadh rum | ar mhaoidhis d'oideacht oram that the teaching you boasted of giving me would suit me, Content. ix 5 . tainic celmaine Brenainn leis an faistine, BNnÉ 291 . nach ticfidís naeimh eile Erend re cinel Conaill mar tainic se féin les, BCC 275 . tig siad go maith le bheith 'na mbráithre they make good friars, Corp. Astron. 66 .

With LA; late Mid.Ir. ticc limm I am able (to), succeed (in): da ticed let a chosc dīm, ZCP vi 100 . ní thicfadh linn a rímh, i 424 . ionnus go dtiocfadh linn bunadhas cinidh Scoit do lorgaireacht, Keat. i 224 . go dtáinic le mnaoi a mhealladh, Gadelica 241 . tigthear le sunnradh do bheith san iollradh it is possible for . . . to be . . ., IGT Introd. 7 . Common in Mod.Ir. Cf. further: gach a ffuarus d'olc leo | tiucfaidh liom géin bam beo `will come against me' (= t. frim? or `will remain with me' = I will not forget?), Duan. F. i 21 .

With ó

(i) comes (safe) from, escapes from: ní thainic aón duine . . . ona chomlann riamh no one ever came safe from combat with him, Ériu v 174 . uatha ní tigthear le tóir, O'Hara 2364 . na daoine do gheabaid bás ┐ na daoine thiocfus on esláinti, 24 P 3, 169.9 .

(ii) comes from, i.e. is stated by: amal tic o Beid i n-a stair as Bede states, YBL 166b1 . is ed tic ó Ísu sund, PH 7953 .

With TAR

(i) transgresses, violates: cipé tí dar recht na ríg, Metr. Dinds. iii 18 . cid bé rí tí tar an saoirese, BColm. 44 . ní meisi ticfa tairis (of a truce), Moling 64 . is túscu rofaemomaisne sin inás do tiocfámais tar in mbreithir doratsum re Poimp, CCath. 1682 . o thanuc-sa dar timna nDé, PH 4019 . táncadar thar decrachaib ┐ tara cointindib na hecailse, RC xvii 154 (Tig.). cach fír dar ná tecar slán that is not transgressed with safety, Metr. Dinds. iii 6 . tuc-somh ratha tar nach ticthe do na tréinferaib inviolable pledges, SG 356 .

(ii) overcomes, subdues: ní ardadh fris trén ar nách tísadh (darna tisad, v.l.) whom he did not overcome, CCath. 359 . ní tarla friu tren tar na tiostais, AFM vi 2280 . Caisel an urláir do dhénamh lá comharba C.C. . . . ┐ dobhert mallacht forsan tí no thiocfadh thairis `would come over it' (attack, destroy?), ii 1146 .

(iii) touches on, mentions, speaks of: tic Oengus issin broluch tar bás Donnchada, Fél. 8 . teagaid seacht n-airtegail díobh tar dhiadhacht airdríogh na ríogh deal with , Ó Héodhusa 8 . ní tháinig áon duine thairis ós áird spake openly of Him, John vii 13 . na luinge Saxanaighe sin tar a ttangamar thuas spoken of above, AFM vi 2096 ; 2046 . Oliuerus da[ra] ticer (tara tegur, v.l.) go minic agaibh-si of whom ye often speak, Fier. 27 . adubhrais . . . ag teacht duit tar Eoghan mhór, Content. iii 22 .

(d) With adverbs. do-icc istech (mod.): muna ttí an tairrngire asteagh don Domhnall so unless the prophecy comes home to (is verified in) this D., 3 C 13, 814.13 . fáisdine athar, más fíor | tiocfa asteagh d'oighre an airdríogh, 18 . tiocfaidh an aimsir isteach go maith the weather will turn out (?) all right, Corp. Astron. 58 . a ré go dtiocfadh is teach `till his own day would come', PBocht 50 § 35 . do-icc istech ar (i n-) comes in on, interferes with, assails: ceathrar do shliocht Éibhir | tig tar ghealladh ortha isteagh, Content. vi 88 . do bhi aon mharcach . . . ag techt astech do shíor ionnta who constantly attacked them, Rel. Celt. ii 198 . do-icc suas (le) comes up (with), overtakes (mod.): tángadar suas le cailín óg, GJ iv 94 .

III In Mid.Ir. occas. for do-beir gives (see Meyer, ZCP xii 426 ; Thurn. Hdb. xiv 421 ; IGT Verbs §§ 5 , 14 ): ticimm bulli de frissin comlaid I deal a blow with it, MacCongl. 87 . tic uball dó, 51 . tig a láim dar[a] agaid, 109 . ticc an clerech aithne fair, Cog. 92 . ? gabais Gabriel . . . co hogh-Muiri | tic sanais da Muiri, gabais 'na craidi, ACL iii 244 . tic D. a beannacht a n-ucht an duine, 321 . ferais fáilti re T. ┐ tic póc dó, Imr. Brain i 64 . gabus Eba int uball bán | tig a cert-leath dá compán, Ériu iv 114 . tiucub duib na tuaruscbail na tarbcodnach `I will give you the description', MR 184 . he dobēra commain dam, is me ficfas commain do I will give him the sacrament, Anecd. ii 30 .

IV In Mid.Ir. occas. = do-ucci understands, etc. (see do-beir): rofitamar-ni ┐ donigemm co ndernsam peccad frit-sa, LB 224a54 . gibe neach da ticfad co foirfi cercalla . . . na firmaminti, da thicfad (do tiugfed, v.l.) nādūir na firmaminti co huili, Ir. Astr. Tr. 76 . dogēn fidair . . . as a ticfither an t-eclipsis co follus, 94 .

eráilid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. eráilid or dil.ie/20203

Forms: ir-, aur-, fur-, furáilim, heralmit, -erala, auralem, erálta, ro erail, furáil, eráilfither

v (eráil) ir- ; aur- ; fur- ; also with metathesis, fuláirid, q.v. Cf. ar-áili. pres. ind. s. 1 furáilim, BNnÉ 6.3 . pl. 1 heralmit, SR 2175 . pres. subj. s. 3 -erala 1159 . pl. 1 auralem, 1157 . imperf. pass. no erálta , IT i 74.18 . perf. s. 3 ro erail, SR 3707 . PH 5033 . do furáil , Maund. 31 . fut. pass. eráilfither, PH 5094 .

(a) enjoins, urges (an action, etc., on a person); incites, instigates, induces (a feeling, conduct, etc., in someone), with for, ar of pers.: (a) no erálta for maccaib Uisnig dul i ngabthib, IT i 74.18 (no erptha v.l.). coro heralasi in mbiad for Adam that she may urge the food upon A. SR 1159 . ro heráiled cretem for Thomas tria lamachtad in chuirp choimdetta, PH 6738 (= ille ad fidem reducitur, p. 467 ). Anecd. iii 75.4 . ro urail serc Aenias a cridhe Didaine instilled love for A. Aen. 399 . cach aen ara n-urailfi tu egla tre t'faistine in whom you induce fear Celt. Rev. viii 232.28 = TTebe 1330 . eráiled ┐ faslaiged for a chomnessam cu rap áintech he, PH 5989 . (b) ro ḟuráil ól ┐ aibnis air urged him to drink and be merry Fianaig. 74 . 31 . in diabul furailes in drúis who instigates PH 7441 .

(b) induces, causes, brings about (a state, etc.): (b) ge tuga si furtacht ar lathair, furailidh si easlainteadh ele do tiacht, 23 P 10³, 61a7 . neiche furaileas ar an fuil techtadh which cause the blood to coagulate 23b0 .

(c) in general commands, enjoins: (a) doronsat inní ro herailed forru, PH 4453 . comallud na nn-erailend in scriptur diada forro fulfilling what Holy Writ enjoins on them LU 2392 = RC iv 250.27 . is e sin in darna hinadh ...i n-uraileann dligedh ar duine a fearand do reic `where the law commands a person to sell his land' Laws iv 214. 12 . cia ret etir erailter isin recht diada nách comailter isin timna-sa na dérce ?, PH 5840 . ro erailset a choimét i carcair, 2936 . (b) amal dos-furail Dia er Moysi in bean ...do c[h]lochad, 7328 . cidh iat delbha na ndei...ḟurála foirnd do loscud, CCath. 650 . fer tairberta é do denam cacha huilc...no furailed [fhulairedh v.l.] a thigernæ fair 3558 . ná furáil tré écin orainne aní na ro gnathaighebhair 1659 . furáilim foraibh...dul san loch, BNnÉ 6.3 . do furáil E. tumba do denum dó, Maund. 31 .

(d) entrusts, commends: (a) nosn-urailend for degmnai dia oilemain entrusted him to the care of a gentlewoman YBL 65a15 = LB 117a26 = coron erail... | bar [sic MS.] forgo dia degaltrom, SR 3707 . Here, perhaps: do chomdelbaid ... | heralmit fort...ar do throcaire we commend to thee (?) 2175 . noco n-irailtis for feraib till they should be assigned to husbands RC x 222.131 (n-eraildais v.l.). (b) glacuidh chuguibh...an bheg-ofrailsi ro furailim oruibh, Parrth. Anma, Dedicat. p. 2 .

fiurt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fiurt or dil.ie/22279

Forms: fiurt, fert, ferto, fertae, ferte, fertai, firtu, firto, ferte, fertae, fertaib, firt, fert, firt

n (firt, fert) u, m. (<Lat. virtus) n s. fiurt, Thes. ii 346.31 ( Hy v Comm.). a s. ? fert, Thes. ii 291.7 (Ml Poems). g s. ferto, Wb. 12a9 . cf. ind fertae (gl. signi) Ml. 16a9 . n p. ferte, Wb. 24c5 . fertai, Ml. 112d8 . a p. firtu, Wb. 12b20 . firto, Thes. ii 253.4 . g p. ferte, Wb. 12b15 . fertae, Ml. 17c9 . d p. ho fertaib , 64d15 . firt, fert (ón mírbhail) IGT, Decl. § 95 (p. 127) .

A wonderful work, a miracle , of something done or caused by supernatural or occult means; common in relig. lit.; in Glosses = Lat. signum, miraculum and in pl. virtutes: uirtus .i. firt, Corm. Y 576 . firt a uirtute , O'Mulc. 543 . ni dénat firtu úili (gl. numquid omnes virtutes?) Wb. 12b20 . is he seo firt is mou dorigne Ísu, PH 4500 . firta ┐ mirbuli, 945 . ferta ┐ mírbaile, LU 2206 ( FA 28 ). tria firt ┐ mirbuilib Dia, RC xvii 411.1 (Tig.). robo mór in fiurt do Brigit, Thes. ii 346.31 . ic comardugud ind [ḟ]erta (= in miraculi memoriam) Lat. Lives 52 . docífitt m'fiorta ┐ mo miorbuile, BNnÉ 267.11 . tria fiortaibh Dé ┐ Caoimhghin AFM ii 716.8 . tre fertaib Coluim Cille, Ann. Conn. 1261 § 3 . eochair ferta féile (= generosity works wonders) ZCP vi 270 § 7 . A `deórad Dé' was expected to perform miracles: on deorad De ge donethsen firt no da firt, ma doḟemid in tres firt noco n-amail tarba, Laws v 16.11 Comm. in deoraid Dé ma dorinde tri ferta faillsighi ag tiachtain dochum thire i fiadnaise righ ┐ tuaithi is saire do cona sedaib ┐ a bairc ┐ mana derna act aen no dedhe dib is saire do cona sedaib ┐ comroind bairci dlighthighi for a bairc, O'Curry 1047 (< H 3.18, 436b ). deora De ernaigther ferta .i. ailithir co ndernadar a ferta tre urnaigthi, O'Curry 1058 (< H 3.18, 438 ). firt filed `a poet's miracle' [i.e. wrought by a poet] AU 1024 . RC xvii 364 (Tig.). an darna fiort filidh doronadh for N. `the second poetical miracle performed by N.' AFM iv 818.8 . f.¤ féle a miracle of generosity, extraordinary generosity: firt féli is ferr cach ní, LL 207a1 . dús in bhfuigbit[h]i cornn tria f.¤ fele ann, ZCP viii 102 x = tria firta na feile, Ériu ii 186.19 . feart féile, Studies 1921, 258 § 11 . IGT, Decl. § 95 (feart, firt). Transf. of supernatural beings: aingil nimhe ┐ ferta flaithemhnuis (perh. = Virtutes of Celestial Hierarchy), Parrth. Anma 347.19 .

Compds.: ¤fuil blood of virtue: a Mheic Dé ... atá th'fhiortfhuil dá dáil, Studies 1931, 660 . ¤linn liquor of virtue: grása ... go bhfeara 'na firtlinn te ib. 662 .

gabul

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gabul or dil.ie/25068
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: gabhal, gobhal, gabhal, ā, gabul, gobul, gabla, goible, gaible, gaibhle, (mur-)gabuil, gabail, gabail, gabul, gabhal, gabail, gabal, gabol, gobol, (muir-)gobuil, gabail, -gabla, gábla, gabla, Gabul

n o, m. and ā, f. gabhal (ā, f.), IGT Decl. § 12 ; gobhal, gabhal, ā, f., § 192 . Gender seems to vary sometimes with sense. n s. gabul, Sg. 45b20 . LU 4804 . gobul, LU 401 . g s. na gabla , LU 4800 ; 4811 ; 9193 . TBC-LL¹ 683 . goible, Laws v 360.15 . gaible, LL 193b52 . gaibhle, Tribes of Irel. 58 . in (mur-)gabuil, , Metr. Dinds. iii 194 ( LL 196a38 ). gabail, Fen. 120.18 . d s. gabail, Anecd. i 57 § 59 . RC xxvi 12 ( LL 186a56 ). TBC-LL¹ 2360 . gabul, LU 9061 ( FB 81 ). Ériu ii 194 § 9 . gabhal, RC xiv 52.19 . a s. gabail, LU 4796 . TBC-LL¹ 673 . LL 142a39 . gabal, CCath. 2960 . gabol, LL 284a16 . gobol, ib. 11 . n p. (muir-)gobuil, Ml. 45d12 . gabail, Laws iv 282.13 . a p. -gabla, LL 172b26 . gábla, Thr. Ir. Gl. 36.38 (s.v. prull). cetheora gabla , TBC-LL¹ 5645 (St). gablu, Laws iii 78.20 . g du. Mag Dá Gabul , LU 8508 ( FB 36 ).

(a) a fork: gl. furca, Sg. 45b20 . librither gabla a láma as long as pitchforks, Thr. Ir. Gl. 36.38 . Fig. of wreaths of steam, etc. scaiblín ... cona gáblaib gaile, MacCongl. 35.1 . g.¤ dluta some sort of a tool, pincers (?): gulban .i. gobul dlūta la sāiro, O'Mulc. 675.

(b) a forked branch of a tree: for cethora benna na gabla, LU 4800 = co tuc gobal ceithri mbeann fo a cinnu, Dinds. 144 . crichiditi limsa in gabul, TBC-LL¹ 781 . topacht gabail cethri ṁbend, 673 . i tóeb na gabla, LU 4808 ( TBC-I¹ 316 ). TBC-LL¹ 683.5030 . co ngabail chain ina lamaib, Anecd. i 57 § 59 . Used of a larger branch than the `cráeb,' the `gabul' being prob. a bough direct from the trunk and the `cráeb' a branch of such a branch: colpach ina ngablaib, dairt ina craeba, a `colpach'-heifer as fine for cutting their `gabla,' a `dairt'-heifer for their `cráeba,' Laws iv 146.23 . Cf. i 164.1 Comm. Of behaviour in horses that can cause injury to humans: cenn a ngabal, 'putting its head in the fork of a tree' CIH i 266.7 , EIF 153 .

(c) the fork of a gallows, a gibbet: riag no gabul (gl. patibulum), Sg. 53a20 . fer soerus di gabail `a man whom he frees from the gallows,' Laws iv 338.3 ( Críth G. 579 ). daer gabla an unfree person whom his patron has redeemed from the gallows: doer-ḟuidir .i. in daer aigenta noco n-e deirim acht daer gabla no crai, Laws v 518.18 Comm. Cf. however: in daor aicenta .i. fear gabar do ... gabail he, O'Curry 1212 ( H 3.18, 485a-b). in deoraidh .i. daer aicenta .i. [daer] gabla, Laws i 106.7 Comm. fuidir gola (.i. gablai .i. crucis), Ir. Recht, p. 65 § 7 (see also ib. pp. 25 , 76 ff., 79 ). fuidir goible (.i. gabar o gabail na croici .i. tar bragait), Laws v 360.15 . na manaig nuna ┐ gola ┐ gabla, iii 10.24 . furail gabla arda do breith ann `order high gibbets to be brought there,' Fier. 148.

(d) a (forked ?) beam, support or shaft (for diverse uses):

(1) a beam, a rafter (of a house): dolluid ... co rrabi inna sessom i mbun na gabla roboí hi ciund tened, LU 9193 ( FB 92 ). luid is tech ... co mbaí forsin irlár ┐ a lám forsin gabail, RC xxvi 12.22 (v.l. tuirid, H 3.18, 543yb ). Cf. rosforbair in gabul ... uas in tig cona torad forri, PH 1315 . gabhla ar ttighe `beams,' Canticles i 17 . gréas gach gallghabhla `the ornament of each foreign arch,' DDána 119.33 . ar bhun na gaibhle `on the rafter's end,' Tribes of Irel. 58.

(2) a support (a crook ?) for hanging a cauldron: in coire fiuchus for a gabluib, Laws i 46.26 Comm. cuit in tslóig ... ni berbther é ar oengabail, TBC-LL¹ 2360 . as iad ba gabhla dá ccoiredhaibh cáirn do chorpaibh na Lochlann, Thr. Frag. 124.1 . ra chuirset [in banb] forsin gabail i cionn na teined, SG 88. 18 , 21 . nech do chur fo ghabhail (an) choire (a mark of contumely): go gcuirfedh ... Fiond fo ghabhail an choire, Duan. F. i 4.8 . cur Cormaic mic Airt d'Fhiacha fo ghabhail coire, Content. iii 27 . Cormac fo ghabhail do chor, vi 119 . Cf. xv 50 ; xviii 107 .

(3) a pillar; with or without fulaing (g s.) a prop, an undersetting: cf. gabhalfulaing, posd[a], úaitne, más, `a base, pillar, undersetter,' Eg. Gl. 365 . co tugdais leo gabla oir ... i mbidis cu[i]g troigti fichet ┐ co scribdais a uili ... gnimrada ... intib (memorial pillars ?), IT ii2 105.8 . flesc for dib ṅgablaib lasin conair immetiagat `a rod on two forks' (a rail-fence ?), Ml. 45c9 . airdither slegh curadh cach cathgabal diobh agus rosuidigsetar cetheora gabla fo cech roth, TBC-LL¹ 5645 St. = da cathuaithne dec, 5643 . (Prob. props fixed under the wheels of portable besieging castles to act as brakes ?) Cf. cliatha iomdha do ghénamh aca, ┐ gabhla do chur fotha, ┐ tolladh an mhuir fotha, TFrag. 232.14 . Cf. in Carr B.D. [i.e. a spear] ... amlaid nobid, ┐ gobal fo bragaid `with a fork under its neck' [i.e. supporting it], Dinds. 14 . Of supports of the heavenly bodies: fúaim na ... rann ... ac tuitim ... da gablaibh fulaing, RC xxiv 382.17 . tuitfidh grian ┐ éasga dá rothaibh ┐ da ngabhlaibh go talamh, Uncat. MS. Cashel Lib. tuitim ó gabhlaibh don ghrein | go talmhuin, 24 L 5 (RIA.) 2.12 . go buain a gabhal ón ngréin, Timth. 1917.8 § 10 . 1 Kings vii 34 . Fig. upholder: Banbha ... ga chloinn | gabhla foirtille fulaing, IGT Decl. ex. 1918 . Giolla Criost ... gabhal fulaing chogaidh ┐ cosnamha Cenil Conaill, AFM ii 834.14 . Cf. ALC i 40.1 . AFM vi 2348.13 . na trí subáilche díadha ... as uaitnedha ┐ as gabla fulaing fán mbethaidh sbioradálta, Ó Héodhusa 13 . gabhla Thighe na Teamhrach, TD 9.3 . gabhla caomhChaithreach Cröoinn, 4.13 . fa gabhal de ceithre ghabhlaibh na hEagluise é (of St. Jerome), Eochairsg. 31.9 .

(4) yards (?) of a sail: corr-gabla siúil, CRR 11.4 .

(5) a weapon, a pronged spear (?): gabhal .i. sleagh, P. O'C. gabhla .i. sleagha, BB 191b sup. marg. O'Cl. la hiolar a n-éidedh n-allmharda ┐ a ngabhladh nglaisiaroinn, Hugh Roe § 31 .

(6) Of a pair of compasses : gabul ina laim ┐ da beind eisti ┐ doforni oen na n-aisill isin luaith, Ériu v 72 . hi catraig choéimchumaide fo gabulrind gábla, LB 130a56 . See also gabulrind.

(e) the fork of the body, the thighs: bá fodeirc dó folés na farrci foa gabul, LU 9061 ( FB 81 ). ecnach nem ┐ grían fo [a] gabal ara ḟot, Ériu iv 138.26 . co tuc glun ina gabal do, CCath. 2960 (Inguina ... insertis pedibus ... Luc. Phars. iv 628 ). is ech tened bís hi n-gabul (inna gabail v.l.) a marcaig a n-iffirn, Ériu ii 194 § 9 . each teneadh am gabhal, RC xiv 52.19 . caeca cubat 'na gabul, Dinds. 23 . fer na ra leic leithet da gabail bhadéin ... dit ḟerand dait, TBC-LL¹ 5997 . ech gabail ┐ sliasta, a riding-horse, Fen. 140.17 ; cf. 120.18 . coslomnocht ┐ a (sic leg.) leinte a ngobhal gc aon aca, their shirts tucked between their legs, Rel. Celt. ii 200.13 . maith a banscal roriastrat drochdoíne do gabol, ZCP xviii 92.8 ( LL 284a16 ). ib. 91.22 ( LL 284a11 ). a ndluigi in-a ṅgablaib na mna (as a mode of execution), LB 154b52 . urthach saer dobeir in ben fri uaitne, no a brisid oc a gabal, Laws i 180.12 Comm. (alternative gl. on: im sarurrach mban fri uatne, 176 ). gabul cumung na clainne, O'D. 81 ( H 3.17 c. 69 ) = Laws i 180.27 Comm.

(f) a bifurcation or angle in a glen, pass, etc.; the spit of land between two rivers (?): i ngobhal na ngleann, ZCP ii 362.38 . gabhla gruaid-fhliucha glenn, O'Gr. Cat. 459.4. In Laws some kind of enclosed land with special privileges (?): tar cro no tar gabail tire, Laws v 258.21 Comm. dar cro no gabal tire, i 98.20 Comm. Cf. geni goba acht lethgabail de `though it (the water) should pass through only half a step of it, AL iv 212.2 .

(g) a branch of a river, an arm or inlet of the sea forming a creek or river estuary (see muir, Compds.): gabhal do sruth Órt[h]anain, Anecd. ii 29.3 . coneracht g.¤ fairrge etarru, Trip. ii 486.21 (LB). gabhal mhara, Ériu iii 164 § 20 . Lism. L. 1486 . gabhal (sic leg.) mhuiridhe, Ériu iii 168 § 24 . tar gabail mara, Laws v 440.29 Comm. ised is gabhol mara ann cach bail na fetar cen luing no cen snam, iii 318.4 .

(h) Fig. a branch or ramification of a family; of a genealogical tree: fodla ┐ ilgabla mac Noe, Rawl. 72a48 . ben ... o dib gablaib, is de a athair d'Ulltaib ocus a mathair do feínib Temrach, Laws iv 18.2 gloss. ni cuirithur cuaird for gablu fine, ... on the branches of the `fine,' iii 78.20 . riasiu ranntar a lín cenn ngabal , O'D. 549 ( H 3.17, c. 437 ). ar a lin do gablaibh i fodlaither gra[d] tuathe, Críth G. 3 . RC xxxii 392.2 . sech flaith, sech eclais, sech ilgobhlai fine, ZCP xii 365.22 . aenfine iat ... ┐ ragablaighset iat ... in darna gabul ... in gabul eile, O'D. 2259 ( Rawl. B 506 21a ). roiadus gabail Chaim, I closed up (i.e. completed) the genealogy of C., LL 142a39 . gnáith-bérla na ngabal ngrinn | cétna tharla for Eirinn, SG 348.4 . a gabhla gaoil, those of her kin, A. Ó Dálaigh iii § 4 . ite fodlai fine cacha flatha; a fuidri, a ciniud, a gabail fodagniat, his branches (i.e. his dependants) who serve him (?), Laws iv 282.12 .

(i) a branch or division of a subject : atait secht ngabala a-ra-fognad brethemnacht an betha .i. a secht do gablaib, Laws v 364.1 , 3.

(j) Metr. term: gobhal imairnd deínd for ardchassbairdní (name of a metre in which there is triple alliteration, but see EIS 231 ), IT iii 103 § 198 . is gobul dí .i. recne dechubaid .i. dá son nó a tri do thinscital ó oen fid ... ┐ son o fid ecsamail ina ndiaid-sede, ACC 146 Comm.

(k) Of the angle at which a horse carries its head: da mbia an t-ech gobard ┐ gabail granna aice 'if the horse is high of muzzle, and has an ugly head-carriage (?)' Celtica ii 46 § 7 . dligid ech na gab(ala crom)a beith mi-luthmar. Dligid ech na gabala airde a beith garg mer 'the horse that carries its head bent (?) should be lacking in vigour. The horse that carries its head high (?) should be fierce and giddy' 48 § 11 .

In n.l.: Fid nGaible ... nó comad Gabal ainm na haband do taot trit or G. may be the name of the river that flows through it, Dinds. 11 . Fid ṅGabli ... is aire ainmnigther Gabal dind abaind ..., LL 159b12 (see remainder of passage, cited s.v. gablaigid). in Gabol glan, Metr. Dinds. ii 58.1 . Cf. tri Guare Gabla, TBC-LL¹ 5939 = Gaible, TBC-I¹ 3494 . Cf. rig Gaible, Metr. Dinds. iii 16.204 . Abhainn Ghabhla, the Forked River, Iar Conn. 102, n . a iath na trenḟer tigba | úaim do thriath (sic leg.) glegel Gabla, LL 5142 . reidfid Dubgilla delbda | dín mo debra mind ṅGaible, 193b52 .

Compds. ¤chless game of slinging (?): cia clessat for gabulchless 'whomsoever they may hit (?) while engaged in a game of slinging (?)' Celtica viii 148 (Mellbretha) . ¤chos fork of the leg, leg : gur amuis idir an dá ghabhailchois ... é, ITS xxiv 126.30 . ¤dub: Ingen Chonmaír ... inna gorm-daíl gobul-duib `that dark-forked terror,' Metr. Dinds. iv 26.5 . ¤fada long-shanked : Aed G., Laud 610, f. 39e . ¤fine branching `fine' : senathuir senathur is esidhe athuir na gabal-fhine, O'Curry 361 ( H 3.18, p. 201 ). ¤gicce a pronged pole (?) : (of Conaire's swineherds) tri gabulgici úasaib hi toíb fraiged, LU 7585 ( BDD 112 ). (of the Dagda) gabol gicca rothach (sic leg.; gicc aroth, MS) feidm ochtair ina diaid ... gonad dei dogaror Slicht Loirge an Dagdai, RC xii 86 § 93 . See also ¤lorg. ¤gorm: coic eich ... gabalguirm ` grey-riding ,' Fen. 368.8 . Cf. BB 275b11 ¤lorg a forked or pronged pole or shaft: gabollórg íairn (sic leg.) inna láim, LU 6825 ( BDD 38 ). RC xliii 78 § 78 . briugu, filed, ┐ fer do-airgair a bith-erchuiliud; are sruithiu di-suidib a ngobol-lorgga olldate a n-airm ` supporting-staves ,' Laws v 420.11 ; ` walking-sticks ,' 17 gloss. tri .l. gabal-lorg ina lámaib (of a `brugaid' and his retinue), Acall. 2442 . ? ¤rind: fo treith gabail-rindedh (-dech ?) a fork-pointed trident (?), O'Curry 573 ( H 3.18, 286 ; see 2 gabair, supra). ¤ṡliasait thigh : conbeicidís as a broind ... rodusmhuch fo gabalsliasaid, BB 257b33 . ¤ṡreng a plumb-line : Ni heasbhaidh don bhláith bháirrṡlim | ríaghail ghrinn nó gabhailṡreing, Ridgeway Essays , p. 6 .

inad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. inad or dil.ie/28201

Forms: ined, inat-so, ined, ineth, inad, t-inad, ionadh, ined, inned, inad, inaid, inaig, ionaid, ionada, inud, inut, inad, n-ionatt, hionaid, hinada, hinadha, ionuid, n-inad, inadaib, hinataib, inadh, n-inad

n earlier ined. o, m. When folld. by -so, -sin, the final consonant became regularly delenited, int inat-so . This form later became universal. n s. ined, AU i 288.11 (A.D. 803) . int ineth , Trip.² 1267. inad urdalta, TBC-LL¹ 1196. in t-inad , PH 6456. ionadh, TSh. 3989. a s. ined, LU 3786. inned, Lat. Lives 14.13 . an inad , PH 3410. g s. ind inaid , TBC-LL¹ 623. an inaig , CCellaig 847. an ionaid , Desiderius 4025 . fer ionada Chriosd, Luc. Fid. 362.11 . d s. assa inud , LU 8765. isint inut , Lat. Lives 30.17 . in inad , Cog. 10.20 . co n-ionatt , AFM iv 1034.7 . n p. na hionaid , TBC-LL¹ p. 877 n. 7 . na hinada , Laws v 324.17 Comm. na hinadha , CCath. 1853. na ced-ionuid , Luke xx 46. g p. na n-inad , TBC-LL¹ 1462. d p. isna inadaib , LU 2000. isna hinataib , PH 7124.

I

(a) place, spot; appointed place, position: inadh gl. locus, Ir. Gl. 516. rosuidig ecailsi cethrochairi isind inut sin, Lat. Lives 30.17 . dorónsat ... comarli a hoeninud im comuaill ... in trír curad sin, LU 8559. is in dun no a n-inut inill, Laws ii 2.9 Comm. secht maigne .i. ... secht n-inada, v 304.1 Comm. fail i.¤ urdalta lat-su an appointed place (viz. at the feasting), TBC-LL¹ 1196. i.¤ rend ┐ arm ┐ faebur `a mark for ...,' MU 18.11 . in t-i.¤ ┐ in aimser i nderna, PH 6456. gach son fordorcha ... fo[fh]rith ined doib isin Gaedelg `a place was found,' Auraic. 2.12 . i.¤ bunaidh rīg Ērenn Temair, ML² 885. na glu[a]sadh nech as a i.¤ cathai from his post, TFrag. 190.17 . ba cobhsaidhi na hinadha debhtha i rabhadar fighting positions, CCath. 1853. isin ionadh choinne sin `to this rendezvous,' ALC i 418.7 . teampoll no ionad comhnuighe Dé, Donlevy xiv 15 . gor' gab a inadh imtechta `the place to which he was going,' CCath. 4758. as na hionadhaibh doimhne do éigheas ort `de profundis,' TSh. 4281. in long i raghbhadh ionadh ní fagbhadh gaoith sheolta a berth , AFM ii 1034.16 . gurab ionadh adhluicthe dhó féin burial place , TSh. 160. na céd-ionuid suighthe annsna coimhthionóluibh the chief seats, Luke xx 46.

(b) place (of safety), shelter: dossennat in tslúaig iarom conná fúair ined leó is tír, LU 3786. conā fagad i.¤ a chind for bith, TBC-I¹ 2214.

(c) space, extent, room: ined da boo deac di thir, AU i 288.11 . ineth cethri mbó, ZCP viii 316.9 . cona bói i.¤ renda delgi i n-a chorp uli cen crécht fair, LB 142b50 .

(d) proper place, place suitable for ... : cīa corp nā fil i n-inud?, ZCP iv 236 § 16. in tan na faghuib inadh eir `place for ploughing,' Laws v 288.12 Comm. co hinadh catha do thabairt doib a place suitable to give battle, RC xviii 299.5 . dochuaid in comrac a hi.¤ edtrana ná h-eadargaire (i.e. had got past interference), MR 266.19 . i n-i.¤ a aimsigthi `where he could be attacked,' 200.4 . dā faghadh Conn a n-inat ghona nō imbualta, ML² 1808. ro cuiredh an oigrighan a n-inadh rigna acu `in a position befitting a queen,' Stair Erc. 570. Ercuil d'faghail a n-inadh na mbriathar sin do digail fair `where I may avenge those words on him,' 1419 . go mbí an fhairge 'na hionadh | gan airde gan íslioghadh, DDána 29 § 7. nír chuir th'óighe as a hionadh | do mhac ochta ar n-aibghioghadh, PBocht 17 § 27. do bhríogh nach ionadh réna háitiughadh go síor purgadóir, TSh. 3989.

(e) site, position, trace: rosoich | sech inud cech oenṡossaid, SR 436. atá i.¤ a da traiged isind lic, LU 1945. i.¤ dūine do bendachad dō-som to bless the site of a fortress for him, BColm. 62.24 . maraid i.¤ a thige, ACL iii 304.1 . i.¤ cathrach a site for a city, Aen. 747.

(f) dwelling place, home, steading: dorat ... in chathir ... do Dauid fria prímhined, SR 6412. isna sostaib ocus isna inadaib i mbíat oc déscin gnússe Dé, LU 2000. na tairgsi damsa an t-inadh-sa ... uair ticfa mac bethadh ... ┐ doghena inadh at chomfocraib (said by C.C. to lord who offered him his `inadh'), RC xii 322.5 - 6 . robo marb in cerd iarsin ┐ roḟācaib a i.¤ ac siair dō, ZCP xiv 152.11 = facbaid a chomorbus, PH 942. eirg ┐ geibh baile risin popul ... cia hairm i ngebh inadh?, Lism. L. 2042. an tír-se ní hí m'ionadh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxx 3.

(g) place, passage (in a text): a n-inadaib imdaib na scripturi noime, PH 5515. atbeir Ísu a n-inud aile isin tsoscela, 7926 . ag mínioghadh an ionaid sin Phóil, Desiderius 4025 .

II position or office held by anyone: ┐ nār lēigis uasal a n-inadhaibh īsil, ML² 1367. gach neach len holc a ionadh, Aithd. D. 15 § 7. ionadh an ríogh mura raibh ... agaibh (to a former Lord Lieutenant), 36 § 32 . Tomas iarla Deasmumhan do theacht ... ó tigh righ Saxan co nionatt righ leis (i.e. with the office of Viceroy), AFM iv 1034.7 . do-ní éanmhac ionad cloinne `takes the place of,' Aithd. D. 77 § 1.

fer inaid successor, deputy: sonas ┐ deggnim tria bithu d'fir th'inaid, Fél.² ci 1. rath fortsu ... ┐ for fir t'inaid ina log sin, LU 3114. Grigair 'sa Rōim ... fer inaid Pōil is Peadair, ACL iii 245 § 26. in pāpa ... fer inaidh Dē a ttalmain, Fl. Earls 154.3 . fear ionaidh airdríogh Eireann `the deputy of Ireland's king,' Studies 1919, 258 § 18 . fear ionaid gl. bhiocáire, Donlevy 40 n. 1 .

III instance: dilsi bid na bliadna i netarscarat don cheile in cach inat dibsein ` in each case ,' Laws ii 336.25 Comm. is e sin in darna hinadh is in berla i nuraileann dligedh ar duine a fearand do reic, iv 214.11 Comm. claeclodh inntinne i n-aen inadh on any point , RC xix 34.8 .

IV In prepositional phrases: di inad at once: di fot .i. d'inat nó di maignin .i. fochétói[r], O'Dav. 754.

i n-inad

(a) in place of, instead of, in succession to: coemchludh ababd (sic) ... .i. Forindan i n-i.¤ Dermota, AU i 334.13 . inn-ined Sául ... deni lat oirdned Duíd, SR 5679. mairg dobeir guth ar ḟer ngrāid | bīs i n-i.¤ Chrīst, ACL iii 222.14 . uair oili a n-ionadh dola ar a aghaidh dhó, as ar a chúl do théigheadh, Desid. 5172.

(b) on account of, in indemnification for: ar chuinchid dílguda ininad catha Cule Dremne do brisiud, Goid. 101.4 . tuc bórama a Lagnib i n-i.¤ marbtha a da ingen, LL 23b31 . Danair fo tri do gabail Erend ... in i.¤ a saraigthi (i.e. Ciarán's), Cog. 10.20 . a ndingnitis athrigi a n-i.¤ Crist do crochad doib, LB 151a16 . mór gus a-nocht mo chuid chionadh | an folt duid 'n-a n-ionadh uaim, Aithd. D. 43 § 1. Gallbrat ua Cearbhaill ... do mharbhadh ... ┐ morán do shédaibh do bhreith do mhac Maol na mbó na inadh sin, AFM ii 874.18 .

for inad in place of: is for i.¤ bo tiaghaid, Laws iv 100.19 Comm. bo for ined bo, agh for inedh aighe, 20 Comm.

indala

Cite this: eDIL s.v. indala or dil.ie/28319

Forms: indar(n)a, indala, indala, indal[a], indala, fándara, indara, in dara, indara, an dara, indara, indarna, an dara, indala, n-ái, indalanai

pronom Mid. Ir. indar(n)a. (def. art. + ala). Indeclinable. Proclitic. In O. Ir. lenites and nasalizes in the same instances as the article (but cf. indala mmod, Ml. 45b11 (mod, though usually neut. elsewhere, is masc. in O.Ir. Glosses ; facs. is very blurred at this spot) and see GOI § 241.3 ) : n. fem. indala chiall, Ml. 56b31 . indal[a] chlas, 138d1 . g. masc. indala ḟir, BDD² 1046. d. fándara chuing, TBC-LL¹ 3379. a. indara n-ingin, Trip.² 1155. In later language prefixes h- to initial vowels without distinction of gender or case : n. in dara holc, PH 7774. indara hádbar, 7741 . an dara huair, DDána 81 § 9. g. indara hairecht, Acall. 400. indarna hingen, 4134 . an dara hinghine, DDána 55 § 4.

one (of two) ; less often, the other (of two) ; later, the second: dídnad dondala lucht et troscud dond lucht ailiu `that the one set should be consoled and that the other set should fast,' Wb. 16c20 . issí indala gobél inso dom immuirc `this is one of the two straits that constrain me,' 23b36 . fiadach lassandala lín ┐ tír frecur ceill lassin lín n-aile, Ml. 137c1 . tosach indala sailm, 27d2 . fristairissetar .i. bite in n-irgail chuimlin friu dundala leith `on the other side,' 47c3 . tairis-sem indala rainne cen diall `the persistence of one of the two parts without declension,' Sg. 74b7 . indala fiacail airthir a chinn one of the two teeth in the front of his head, Thes. ii 248.9 . no slocad indala suil conna roched corr inna chind. Dotéirged indala n-aí immach commeit chori cholbthaigi, LU 3261 - 2 . in tech, indala leth de crín ┐ araile úr one side ... the other, Lat. Lives 11.6 . indala rand dibh la mac n-Imair, ind rann n-aile la Sichfrit, AU i 410.9 . Ia ... iss ed indara hainm déc ō ndingarar Crīst one of the twelve names, Corm. Y 750. ar is hé ro alt in dara n-ingin one of the two girls, Trip.² 1155. frisíndle in coin cona díb lámaib .i. dobeir indara láim dó fri ubull bragat in chon, LU 5012. dorécaim comrád eter da echlaig díb. Fírbriathar, ar indara echlach, is maith fer ... Maith omm, bar araile, TBC-LL¹ 117. isindara lo(gh) deighinach don re ... isindara cet ló don re the last day but one ... the first day but one, O'Curry 1862 (< 23 P 3, fo. 20a ). Nicomet in dala fer dec boi oc cungnam le Ísu one of the twelve men ..., PH 2803. ro-labair in dala crochaide boi mar-oen fri hIsu ... Do-frecair in dala crochaide one of the two ... spoke ... the other answered, 2883 . atracht Ísu in dala fecht a second time, 2638 . ised fa betha dó ... .i. lethad baisi d'aran ... eorna indara la every other day, ZCP vi 286.10 . cid inmain la diabul cech peccad, is é so in dara peccad is annsa lais for bith ┐ in peccad ele ... one of the two sins, PH 7437. an dara fear as fearr baí do Dhál cCais, AFM ii 1098.12 . in dara apstal déc i n-urd apstal `the twelfth ...,' PH 1455. in cet mod ... in dara mod, 7323 . Doire d'éirghe an dara huair that Derry arose a second time, DDána 81 § 9. na ríg ... isindarna leith ... ind rigna ... isind leith araill, LU 8403. Cellach ... for cuairt Connacht don darna cor `for the second time,' ALC i 106.22 . gab ... indarna cenn don ḟi[d]chill take one side of the board, Acall. 7435.

Used substantivally before gen. of 3 pl. pron.: indala n-ái . Invariable. n- may be due to analogy of cechtar n-aí, see GOI § 491. one of the two: indalanai gl. alterutrum, Sg. 22a2 . ci atbela indalanái ni epil alaill, 30a3 . is dochu indalanái oldaas anaill `one of the two is likelier than the other,' Wb. 4b24 . togu indalanái ... damnad alaili `to choose one of the twain ... to condemn the other,' 4c13 . indala n-ai brat úaine impe. Alaili brat corcra, LU 3285. indaranai is laithe lan/araile is adaig imlan, SR 19. ni ro chotlaiset a dá súil ríam acht indala n-ai oc aire a ingine, ZCP iii 5 § 13.

indala sar one of you: bíeid celldach hi cill indala sar cu bráth, Trip.² 1838.

indara de one of the two (de=prep.+neut. s. pron. cf. nechtar de, s.v. nechtar): roḟóidusa ... indarade do chuindchid mo ṡethar dam `one of the twain,' TTr.² 1767.

inunn, in(n)onn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. inunn, in(n)onn or dil.ie/28996

Forms: hinunn, inaind, inunna

adj (see GOI § 484 ). Lenites follg. fem. subst. : is hinunn chiall indib, Sg. 144b1 . is inunn chiall ..., Ml. 114b1 . 77b1 . Originally invariable : it inonn side et qui ..., Wb. 23b16 ; but later inflected as o,ā : n p. ? inaind, KZ xxix 372.21 (see p. 375 n. ). it inunna , IT iii 26.14 . it inunda aimser (? leg. aimsera) doib, aimser L. rig Eirenn; ocus T. ... airdrig in domain, Laws i 2.y . isat inunda a ngnima, LB 256a60 .

I

alike, equal, the same, identical, the one: in innonn less parbulus et nutrix `does he deem ... the same ?,' Wb. 24d11 . ar is innon iress nodonfirianigedar `for it is the same faith that justifies us,' 19a14 . corop inonn cretem bes hi far cridiu et anasberaid hó bélib, 7d10 . is hinonn persan gnís ┐ fodaim `'tis the same person that acts ...,' Sg. 143a6 . conid hi.¤ folad dóib `so that they have the same substance,' 9a15 . is hi.¤ intṡliucht sluindite diblinaib `identical,' 76b5 . is i.¤ chiall isindi as scit ┐ as nóuit , Ml. 114b1 . is i.¤ inne fil indib diblinaib, 74d7 . is i.¤ cumachtae .i. is ed a cumachtae cétnae indí dáe rodamsoersa din galarsa ┐ durat digail forsna assaru, 48a21 . is do imthrenugud ón asind fetarlaici as n-i.¤ tosach preceptae Iohain ┐ Íssu crist `to confirm ... that the beginning of the preaching ... is the same,' Tur. 39. ond inund tuitim gl. eodem lapsu, Goid. 68.2 . conid snedhcasbar[dne] dosberar do suidiu ┐ ni lancasbar[dne], it inunna hi tomus, IT iii 26.14 . o becaib co moraib ... o rigaib co hamrigaib, is inann bescna a teallaig la Feine, Laws v 466.18 . it inunna na tri seoit ocus na cuic seoit iar fut `are equal to,' i 102.12 Comm. ni sain ani canas an rí firen fri firinne na sgreptra acht is inann, O'Curry 2276 (< Eg. 88, 20c ). ba inond aithesc la firu Herend fri Eochaid the one request, LU 10717. niba inund socraidecht do chorpaib na naem uli thall úair nach inund cid fochraic, 2646 - 7 . inand éitiud ┐ gaiscead ┐ dath each doib a ceathrur, BDD² 120. inund foglaim fríth dúinn, TBC-LL¹ 4166. i.¤ māthair dóib ... ocus i.¤ senathair, ZCP xiii 5.12 . ní chuindig nech ní o'raile dib, fo bith ar is inand a sommatu ┐ is cutrumma a ndommatu, Alex. 847. ni hinund sét tancatar ... ┐ dochuatar doridise, PH 7037. ní hionand gnáth damhsa is duitt `thy way is not my way,' Studies 1920, 263 § 11 . ionann daoibhse bheith gan chairt | na neithe taoi do labhairt `you might as well have no charter,' Content. v 91. neimhionann sermoniass ┐ ord ceilibartha don chathraigh si ┐ don chūirt Rōmhānaigh, Fl. Earls 100.8 . ní bhíd cosa an bhacaidh ionann `are not equal,' Proverbs xxvi 7. gurab ionann iad, acht amháin, go raibh íodhbairt na Croiche fhuilteach, Donlevy 426.4 .

ionann (sin) ré a rádh ` that is to say ' : ionann sin ré a rádh ┐ nach gabhann gan síneadh láimhe, sioróipe ... do thabhairt don othar, TSh. 8246. ni mó dheuntaoi Dée d'ór; noch is ionann re rádh agus so : Ni bhiaidh Dée coimhightheacha agad `which is the same thing as to say,' Donlevy 58.z .

As attrib. adj. (declined), similar, same, identical: fear congeb ... trede .i. tri dana inanna aigi .i. durtech ┐ muilinn ┐ ibroracht `three parallel arts,' Laws v 104.21 Comm. is imarcraid n-innisen tíachtain darna nechib inundaib fo dí, LU 7915. bīad inann cech aenduine `the same food for every one,' BColm. 74.32 . gabuir da édach inunna `identical,' Rosa Angl. 66.24 . san aon-áit ionainn theilgthear iad, TSh. 908.

Used adverbially, in the same way, alike, equally: gniid sem for nach naile hi.¤ ┐ gniid side ..., Sg. 199a5 . ni hínand mogaigus maine do neoch tellach i tir co cruib ocus i tir cen cru `it is not equally property increases for (one who has made) entry into a land with fences and into a land without fences,' Laws iv 24.6 Comm. ionann tig is téid uain | maith bhréige an bheatha, Dán Dé xxviii 40. gurab ionann tigeadh an bás do rochtain an óig ┐ an arsaidh, TSh. 360.

inunn ocus the same (thing) as, just as: is i.¤ ┐ tolli `it is the same as tolli,' Thes. ii 24.33 (Bcr.). adultrus ... is i.¤ ocus in t-eisinnrucus im breithir ` equal to ,' Laws i 58.11 Comm. is inand do neoch ocus ro beth ina aititin muna derna foeigium im a fuaitread `it is the same thing to one as to be in acknowledgment of it unless he gives notice of opposing it,' iii 10.4 Comm. ind esergi coitchenn ... ni hinund ┐ ind esergi dianid ainm ... prestrigia ..., LU 2703. oenach Life ... | aebind do cech-oen téit and | ni hinund is Guaire Dall, RC vii 290.4 . ní hionann ┐ an aimsir se not as now , TSh. 94. ní hionann is iad ní iarrann uaigneas unlike them, he ..., Keat. Poems 1454.

is inunn (s)ón ocus that is to say: is inon són et á uita gl. praesentia, Wb. 8d16 . nemo potest ei dignam laudem afferre. Is inand ón ocus ni thic do neoch molad is imchubaid fris do dénum dó, IT i 169.21 . foclass a búrach dó, is inund són ┐ focheird úir da luib taris, TBC-LL¹ 1490. is and-sin tincais Cuchulaind fair [is inund ón ┐ no fégand], 2128 . eirc fort chulu, a chotarsnaig, is inund ón ┐ tabair dail dam fadechtsa cen m' aimsiugud co hamsir in chesta, PH 4886.

II As subst. : a n-i.¤ gl. idem, Thes. ii 24.37 (Bcr.).

inunn óen or óen inunn `one and the same,' identical: is hi.¤ óen leiss naturasignificatio , Sg. 61a16 . is hinon óin significantiadiscretio `quite the same are ...,' 208b11 . is i.¤ óin a confidet ┐ á misserere , Ml. 75a7 . sech is inonn óin lesom a ndede nisiu, 62c3 . noco noen inand lim do beir mougad mainech ar fer in ferainn im íc sēt ris im techtugad in feraind co cruib ime aici ocus cen cruib ime, Laws iv 24.7 Comm.

lingid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lingid or dil.ie/30262

Forms: lingis, lengait, lingit, lengtae, leangair, ling, linged, lis, condribuilsed, ribuilsed, lestais, liblait, lilestai, lilasta, [l]eblaing, -lebruing, roleblaing, lebling, radreblaing, reablaing, rosleblengadar, lebhlingssetar, -raeblangtár, léim, linged, lingemain, lingthe, léim

v see Celtica iv 100 . Ind. pres. 3 s. l.¤ , Thes. ii 15.8 . -líng, Laws iv 108.11 . -linge (?), AFM i 302.16 . 3 s. rel. lingis, ZCP vi 265 § 15. 3 pl. lengait, TFrag. 116.14 . lingit, AFM iii 132.2 . 3 pl. rel. lengtae, Ml. 129c20 . Pass. leangair, Magauran 160 . Ipv. 2 s. ling, Aithd. D. 70.1 . Impf. 3 s. no linged , LU 8932 , 9138 ( FB 70 , 88 ). Subj. pres. 2 s. lis, O'Dav. 1167 (see below). rel. lias, Ml. 33c8 . Subj. impf. 3 s. condribuilsed, TBC-I¹ 737 = co ribuilsed , LU 5215 (see Stories fr. Táin, Gloss.). 3 pl. forsa lestais , TBC-I¹ 3451. ? Fut. 3 pl. liblait, 3448 . Condit. pass. 3 s. lilestai, LU 5326 = lilasta, TBC-LL¹ 1513. Pret. and perf. 3 s. [l]eblaing, Fianaig. 12 § 17. -lebruing (with dissimilation), Laws i 24.27 . roleblaing, Fél. Mar. 5 . ro lebling , LU 8932 ( FB 70 ). radreblaing, LL 238a40 ( TTr. 1589 ). do reablaing , Comp. CC 104.7 . 3 pl. rosleblengadar, SG ii 466.z . ro lebhlingssetar , O'Dav. 819. -raeblangtár, LU 8262 ( FB 20 ). Later with s-pret. Vn. léim, later also linged, lingemain. IGT Verbs § 76. Vbl. of necess. lingthe.

I Trans.

(a) leaps, jumps . Frequently with cognate accus. léim leaps a leap : liblait arrem they will leap to their ranks, TBC-I¹ 3448 . arna dechsad nech seccai condribuilsed eirr oencharpait `till a warrior should leap it (the trunk or stump of a tree) with one chariot' (Faraday), TBC-I¹ 737 (cf. LU 5215 ). ro lingestar leim, MR 234.2 . leim ni rolṅgaim (with ro of possibility), RC xxv 24.1 . With lúth d'a lingfeadh `any athletic feat he might attempt', Ériu iv 218 § 23. With other objects leaps over: roling [Conall] an gleann dia naimdheoin, ZCP xiv 263.8 . ise do ling Luachair Deadhaidh do thri léimendaibh, Mart. Don. June 17 . in luadi . . . ro ling cach docair, Cog. 160.10 . The terminus ad quem of leap may be direct object: roleblaing . . . ríasna conoib in loch `it sprang into the lake', Dinds. 74 . roling C. in carpat `C. leaped into the chariot', RC iii 176.2 . antan do lingthidhe é ro chaoladh `when it was leapt upon' (a bridge), RC xxix 118 § 16 . uair rod leblaing a lon laith his flame of valour has sprung [upon him?], LU 5916 ( TBC-I¹ 1449 ) ( intan nolinged a lon laith ind, LU 5917 ). lis .i. lingi, ut est ni fuatais ni forlis, O'Dav. 1167 (abstracted from forlis pres. subj. 2 s. of for-ling?).

(b) attacks, overpowers : go ro lingeadh an laochmhilidh dia díbh leithibh, AFM v 1826.2 . tug R. / . . . aighidh ar an lucht rosling, Studies 1919, 256 § 3 . ro ling, ro lomair, ro ledoir . . . Gullu, Cog. 138.1 . asé sin lingfes na fir / ┐ millfes na Breifnigh `spring upon', BNnÉ 254.19 . do lingis an lucht rotheilg, DDána 84.22 . lingthear leis lucht an bheatha, TD 13.161 . Note also: Tlachtga ingen Moga . . . rosleblengadar meic Símóin violated. SG ii 466.z = fordosreiblengadar, 40 . forda roeblemgatar, BB 406b2 .

Of fortified places, towns, territories: takes by storm, captures, conquers: terc rí nach lingfedh Lochlainn, Caithr. Thoirdh. 60.16 . ní lingfidhir títhe cláir Chraoi Chonchobhair, DDána 109.19 . móirsheiser laoch lingios troid `that take a fight by storm', O'Gr. Cat. 502.14 . Clár Té do lingsion tar lear `conquered', O'Hara 235 . dá lár do lingeadh an Traoi, DDána 86.13 . ? ní ling rí an ghnaoisin do-ghabh, Magauran 2045 (see n. 0 ).

Fig.: lingther do smuaintigib éxamla a chride, PH 7728. lingid uilc as othor-luit, / . . . síol . . . ó nÚghoine, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 17 § 21 .

II Intrans.

(a) leaps, jumps, rushes : ro leblaing a luan laith, LU 8370 ( FB § 25 ) (cf. LU 5916 quoted above). [l]eblaing Fercorb, Fianaig. 12 § 17 . lingfid na cineadhacha amhuil buaidhreadh móráin uisgeadh, Isaiah xvii 13. Of rivers, lakes, erupts: gur mhuidh loch gur ling abhainn, Content. iv 24. an tan do clasadh feart Ainninn, is ann do ling Loch Ainninn, Keat. i 176.35 . do ling an Tigerna isteach, Ériu iv 118 § 29 . adubhairt . . . go lingfeadh an teagh isteach . . . do chongnamh dhóibh `would rush into the house', Keat. iii 2838 . lingit amach, MR 22.11 .

(b) With prepp. With A: lingiustar in lann . . . as a altaib, MR 300.7 . lingis a spiorat anma ass (of a swift death), BNnÉ 53.y . do ling sruth uiscci . . . asan adnacul, Maund. 36. With co: lingthi Mac Da Cherda co sudib, Ériu v 28.7 . With DI: do bharr dhúin gur lingedh let, L. Cl. A. B. 239.76 . do lingeadh do theinidh na carthanachda, Rial. S.F. 50. With DO: co raeblangtár ind laith gaile dia n-gaisciud, LU 8262 ( FB 20 ). With FO: ni ro linge tú fúithi (of taking distress), Laws i 286.11 Comm . lingid lucht na Siria fótha . . . d'á n-óirleach `fall on them', Keat. i 204.31 . sgartar re celi a cnamha . . . / lingther fa lerganaibh cliabh, / iat ar delgānaib drochphean (of tortures of the damned), ZCP xxi 389.25 . do lingeadar ocht locha fó thír i nÉirinn i bhflaitheas Éireamhóin, Keat. ii 1676 . With FOR (AR): ling ar mo theangaidh, a Thríonóid alight upon my tongue, Aithd. D. 70.1 . do ling crioth ┐ uamhan oram, TSh. 4179 . rolingestar air na tigri. TTebe 2773 . súil mhillte . . . / más ar dheighfher lingther lé if it lights on, L. Cl. A. B. 266.26 . Fig. gach amhgar oile lingeas orra, TSh. 517 . dar lingead an táth fair `where they crossed the ford in despite of him', AFM iii 574.6 (see 1 for). ro ling fora ech, Grail 635 . fot forsa lestais forsa sestais over which they should bound, on which they should sit, TBC-I¹ 3451. Of deeds sets about, engages in: gur lingeadar Éireannaigh ar chogadh ┐ ar choinbhliocht do bheith idir gach dá chrích dhíobh, Keat. i 66.12 . an ti . . . lingus ar na lochtaibh, TSh. 9193. With I: ro ling isin carput, Sc.M² 20 . Of surge of emotion: l.¤ dassacht i P., PH 2818 . gur lingeadar an dá chléith . . . a g-ċeann aroile, ML 86.1 . With ó: do lingsead an éanlaith uaidh, TSh. 3590. With RE: do ling long Ír rompa i bhfad, Content. xxviii 30. With TAR jumps over, crosses (of barrier), overcomes (of persons): roth[r]ascair na trénmíledu, ┐ roling darna laechu, TTr.² 1076 . lingidsom . . . tarsin fidchill i ndegaid ind nónbair, LU 4887 ( TBC-I¹ 400 ). roleblaing . . . / a clú tar sál sairde `has sprung over the eastern sea'. Fél. Mar. 5 . Of omission in calculation: lingidsem tar áes ṅesci beos ar chumbri, BCr. 31c8 . lingidh suas tar `outstrips' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 802.

2 ocus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ocus or dil.ie/33484

Forms: acus, ┐

conj., also acus (cognate with 1 ocus, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 161 ) and. In texts generally expressed by the contraction ┐ (used for Lat. et), nearly always so in Ml.; Wb. prefers Lat. et (but ┐ occurs Wb. 2b9 , 33a2 , 6 , 33b20 , 34a6 ), which is found also in later texts, e.g. TBC Stowe.

Forms.

(1) ocus, written in full fifteen times in the Cambray Homily and in Ml. 65a7 , 94c5 ; in later texts generally at the beginning of a sentence, e.g. LU 2401 , 2402 .

(2) acus, written in full Wb. 3a15 and perhaps to be read for Lat. et and ┐ through- out that text. In TBC, besides the contraction, ocus is found written in full down to TBC-LL¹ l. 2313 and again 3008 ; acus, 2913 , again 3188 and through the rest of the text.

(3) ocuis, only in Cambr. Hom. where it occurs five times ( Thes. ii 245.4 , 6 , 9 ; 247.14 , 20 ).

(4) is: possibly in Wb. 10b21 : et in tain asṁberar benefacere co[n]iugio is melius facere virginitatem (the refer- erence is to 1 Corinth. vii 38 : et qui matrimonio iungit . . . bene facit; et qui non iungit melius facit), where Ascoli sees the conj., Edd. Thes. the copula. Common in poetry from an early date when required by metre: ar cuirp is ar n-anma, Thes. ii 395.5 (Mael Ísú's hymn). eter mín is garb co ndath | eter marb ocus beothach, SR 27. tair ocus tiar, tuaid is tess, 86 ; cf. 122 , 310 . Johannes is Paulus, Fél. June 26 . déssib ocus trírib, Prol. 210 = co ndessib is tririb, LB. for nim ocus talmain, Ep. 294 = is for talmain v.l. for deiss rig is ruirech, TBC-LL¹ 3070 , cf. 735 , 3211 , 4103 . Nearly always written in full, but occas. expressed by ┐ : is nocho móo ro genair, TBC-LL¹ 3684 ; ┐ meicc Matae Murisce, CRR § 5 (= is meicc), both hepta- syllabic lines. Contracted to s: a chosc fein | 's a timargain dia uagréir, SR 4128. Occas. in prose: is cia itá do thigerna- su?, TBC-LL¹ 1417. cen a lor each ┐ bid is etaig, PH 411 = LB 6a1 . In late poetry generally written as, freq. contracted to 's.

(5) os: os airm i mbiad da comarba `and in a place', Laws iv 128.3 . os ma doti eisirt [sic MS.] . . . anechtair, 128.11 (in both cases glossed: os ar acus, 128.15 ; 130.3 ); cf. ii 178.16 . os aircoige techta . . . .i. os ar ogus, O'Dav. 100. os .i. ocus, 1318 . See Ir. Recht §§ 30 , 31 , 32 and ZCP xvi 275. See also 2 os. Ocus (is) lenites follg. consonant: cu cumtuch ┐ chon- imbiud, Ml. 94b11 . Petair is Phóil, Fél. Nov. 18. ra[t] chuit maige is chaille, TBC-LL¹ 3036 = is cailli, TBC-LL¹ 2252. orba cruid ocus tṡliasta, Laws iv 40.13 . ag imchar chéri as chopán, IGT Dec. ex. 101. In TBC-LL¹ 1826 : is lór n-argigi ┐ n-óebinniusa ┐ n-ániusa amthiagat, the eclipsis after lór is transferred by ocus to the nouns follg.

Used like Eng. and, Lat. et, atque, -que as co-ordinating conj. to connect sentences and members of a sentence: gl. -que, Ml. 65a7 . Occas. used loosely where an adversative conj. might be expected: ní baí innmas laiss ┐ baí ferand he had no wealth but he had land, LL 167a53 . Dún Eogain . . . ní mair Eogan forsind múr | ocus maraid in sendún, ACL iii 303 z . adubairt . . . nach rachad . . . fein ┐ co cuirfeadh nach eli, ZCP xiii 183.16 . Cf. `nā fuirig, a gilla', ar si `┐ ata do brathair agad togairm' for thy brother is calling thee, TTebe 4350 .

Idiomatic uses:

(a) when ocus connects two subjects of the same vb. of which the first is a sing. pers. pron., this latter is commonly not expressed but implicit in the vb. which is used in the plural: conráncatar ┐ Dubthach he and D. met, Thes. ii 241.5 ( Ardm. 18a1 ). conricfam ann ocus tu you and I will meet there, Fél. 86.32 . (Cf. the similar construction with eter: darala eturru . . . ┐ Fergus F. and he quarrelled, TBC-LL¹ 6135. ) The follg. constructions are analogous: ní sgéar agus Muire M. and I will not part, Dán Dé xxvii 34 (ní sgéaram would be ex- pected). mo dheala agus Rí na ríogh | ná tí dhíom cheana do chlódh `may I not fail to heal my breach with the Lord', ib. go dtí . . . don chneidh mo shíoth agus Rí an ríchidh `may the wound cause my peace with the Lord', vi 18 . i n-oen-uair tancatar ocus techta Conchobair they and C.'s messengers arrived together, IT i 96.4 .

(b) connecting two sentences the second of which is virtu- ally though not formally dependent on the first: cach fiach inghellus duine ocus bidh ina shaidhbre every debt which a man promises who is in wealth, Laws iv 36.27 . in filet ocaib-se araile dee ┐ is friu raiter Petar ┐ Pol? have ye certain gods who are called, PH 432. `Usce damsa, a bean' . . . `Dobér' or si, `┐ tuc poic dam' (= if you will kiss me), RC xxiv 198.21 . nocha denaim-si fich nā formad um airchendus na Greigi . . . ┐ leigid dam-sa bruigi na Teibe provided ye leave me the farms of T., TTebe 835 . ba nert leis a menma ┐ tiasad i n-oenuch (= as if he were going), TBC-LL¹ 2497.

(c) used to connect a main clause with a subordinate; gen. in sense since, seeing that : canas i ngabur teora cethraime in feich . . . ocus co na fuil acht leth na miach? whence (comes it that) three-quarters of the fine is paid . . . seeing that it is only half the sack? Laws iv 84.1 . nā dena doilges fa dol do denam foghlamadh . . . ┐ gu dtiagaid na cennuighthi darna farrgibh seeing that merchants cross the seas, Ériu v 140 § 129. créad tug ar do fhréimh romhaibh gan déanamh a ndearnobhair 's nach ainbhfeas . . . tug bhar n-aighneas dáibh do dhearmad? why did not your race before you do as you have done, since it was not ignorance that made them omit your argument? Content. ix 20 , cf. vi 110 .

(d) introducing a nom. absol. standing

(1) in adjectival relation to a foregoing noun; in this case usually folld. by the disjunctive form of the pers. pron.: Muirchertach do toitim . . . ocus se ar meisce, RC xviii 194.12 . i fiadnaise in abbad noeim . . . ocus se baccach, PH 620. ruc si mac . . . ┐ si fo leith na dromlaigi, RC xxiv 190 § 2. co ro gairestar a n-ainimm as a corpaib ┐ iat-som i n-a lige for lár, PH 1010. in tan batar amlaid sin ocus siat aurlam co bás, 390 . ro hadnaiced na geill . . . ┐ siad beoa, RC xxiv 184.17 . dorinne tú agus tú id' naoidhin . . . mil don uisge, Dán Dé xii 17. mar atáid na cuirp chealgacha . . . ┐ gan iad cliste ná calma, TSh. 2070. See 2 os.

(2) in an adverbial relation to the sent.: ro iarfaigset uli . . . ┐ a cind cromma with bent heads, PH 583. atbert Longínus ┐ in popul imme di cech leth with the people around him, 760 . desidar `na suidi ┐ Niall i medon etarru with N. between them, RC xxiv 202.2 . adubhairt nár shochar dó an fheoil d'fhagháil is méad na tóire do bhí 'n-a diaidh seeing how many there were in pursuit of it, Keat. iii 1021. dul don tigh . . . agus méad mo mhearaighthe | ní fhéadfainn `owing to my great folly I cannot reach the castle', Dán Dé i 4. ba himshnimach let, ┐ í an coimhlin so do bliadhnoibh ad choimhleapaidh, gan clann agoip she being your wife for so many years, Fl. Earls 224.3 .

Oft. introducing a conditional phrase containing an infini- tive: is mairc thic annsa saegul-sa ┐ na huilc-si so thecht trit `woe to him who cometh into this world and causeth these evils', PH 7791. ro gell nā tobechad . . . in ṁborama ┐ a anacul if he got quarter, RC xiii 52 § 40 ( LL 299b36 ). doberim a cutruma dóib ocus gan techt im' agaid if they will not oppose me, Fianaig. 78.16 . ro tairgid cairt ar cró a cinid dó ┐ a n-airc d'fóirighin provided he would help their difficulty, Ériu iv 224.24 . créad é an tarbha dho neach dá bhfhaghadh sé an domhan uile agus a anum féin do chailleamhain?, Mark viii 36. The Welsh ac (a) `and' is similarly used: Welsh `ac efe etto yn llefaru, daeth rhai' while he yet spake, Mark v 35. Welsh `os ynnill yr holl fyd a cholli ei enaid', viii 36 .

(e) a similar construction is found after amlaid: is amlaid ro bui M. ocus fled morchain aici, Fianaig. 54.31 . is amlaid tánic a dochum ┐ lán a dā glac lais do lommánaib, FB 81. combad amlaid domeltís hé ┐ a n-iallacrand imma cossaib, PH 5102. is amhlaidh do-chonnairc E. an marcach so ┐ coróin fána cheann, TSh. 40.

(f) used in equative comparison and after inund `the same': métithir ocus óg rérchirce as big as, MacCongl. 53.1 . cutruma beirius ocus cach fer dlighthech isin bfine he gets as much as, Laws iv 294 y Comm. cumme ┐ sengobi like an old smith, Mon. Tall. 19. go n-oibrigheann an teine . . . comh-maith ┐ oibrigheas uisge, TSh. 1989. go bhfuil an uiread do bharr teasa ag teine phurgadóra . . . ┐ atá ag teine an tsaoghail, 4416 . ni hinund sét tancatar ┐ dochuatar doridise, PH 7037. isin cháisc dedenaig, is inund ón ┐ dia laithe brátha that is to say (namely), 5012 .

seicgnímrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. seicgnímrad or dil.ie/36878

n o, m. (? 1 secc+gnímrad) In the first ex. apparently in the meaning utmost effort . In the second, perhaps a mistake for secainim, q.v.: ac tarraing a feadma ┐ a seicgnimraid astu (of ploughing oxen), Laws iii 268.17 (`perhaps only secc- in the sense of hard, firm', Laws Gl.). damna eich ro cennaig duine annsin ┐ comaith hi ┐ in log do rat dia cind, nocho nfuil tuilliud ris ┐ cid ferr he noco nuil a breith for cula .i. commaith na seoit i lo in cunnarta annsin, ┐ ata in darna set dib ar bisech o sin amach, ┐ ata in set aile ar doombisech, ┐ cemad ris dised menma in fir imuig diubairt dagra ann no in set d'athchur, ce no fasad sec gnimraid aige fein ann, noco cumaing uair ro bu commaith i lo in cundarta iad, O'Curry 2031 ( H 4.22, 55 ).

síar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. síar or dil.ie/37388

adv. backwards, back : no mebdais srotha . . . tria cluasaib a chúil siar, Thr. Ir. Gl. 36.24 . forémdim tairnim for beolo, siar atait mo gluine, Fél. 154.29 . caín feid a rosc rocheim inna chend s.¤ | caín fúalaing fuither glaini sair, LU 8342 ( FB 24 , rhetoric). cach finna . . . dualfota . . . dara formna s.¤ , 6546 (TBC). co n-ecmaing a hirlond i n-étan ind rechtaire co mboí triana chend s.¤ , 4372 . co ro-thuitt Gormlaith dar a aiss siar co raba a nnáire ri cach, LL 52b12 . do impotar siar uile . . . ┐ doc[h]uadar budh des co Carn mBuide back, ML² 345 . fa ḟlaith nDeirge ag suidhe siar `reclining beside the chief of Derg', TD 25.8 . go mbíd a chosa . . . 'gá slogadh san ghainimh, ┐ seal oile 'gá srianadh siar uaidh, TSh. 10531 . sair (is) s.¤ backwards and forwards, to and fro : atat dano drem dermár aile and sair s.¤ doib cen tairisem darna lecaib, LU 2210 . ad-chonnairc aonmhacaomh áluinn | ar fhud an chroinn soir is siar, DDána 41.15 . westwards : oc techt īar fraīchrud Midi s.¤ , Sc.M² § 20 . dochúaid Mider siar co Magh na Cruachna, IT i 129.1 ( TE 16 ). ? nocha toracht fine riam | as sía s.¤ tighe na tir, IT iii 79 § 49 . cach óen da mbíd dorus a phupla sair díb, is triana phupaill s.¤ theiged ar a ḟat leis tiachtain timchell, TBC-LL¹ 5808 . tucas m' aiged siar la fuined ngreni, PH 500 . co roélaisead . . . for muincind Mara Rúaid . . . timchell domhain fo thúaith s.¤ sech slébe Cucais, Ériu iv 142.11 . bonn a chos ris an aird soir ┐ a bhaitheas ris an aird siar (of a method of burying the dead) `towards the west', TSh. 5758 . siar tar dromchladh na díleann | beir, a scríbheann, mo bheannacht, Keat. Poems 31 (of a letter dispatched to Ireland from France).

sh.¤ (spelling for t(h)íar) in: ar son na téorann táobh sh.¤ `the western border', Numbers xxxiv 6 . budh í so do theórann sh.¤ , ibid. sealbhuigh-se (sic leg.) sh.¤ ┐ theas `possess thou the west and the south', Deuteronomy xxxiii 23 . fa dheireadh siar (? = ṡiar) finally, in the last resort: . . . le ardchinnibh na heagluise do reidhtear fa dhireadh siar gach consboid, Luc. Fid. 261.16 . nach leur dhoibh . . . do dhearbhadh fa dhireadh siar do bheith seasbhach, 291.1 .

Compds. ¤des south-westwards: otá Essrúaid timchell síardes co Beind Etair sairtúaid, IT i 73.16 ( LMU 11 ). sech India . . . anairr-deas síar-des iar Muir Torrén, Ériu iv 142.13 . da dorus forsin uaim, in dara n-ái sair-des, araile siar-des towards the south-west, PH 6317 . ¤mag western plain (?): tar sál (leg. sáil, Ed.) siarmagh over the western plain of the seas (?), Anecd. i 67 § 149 .

srúb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. srúb or dil.ie/38842
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: srúb, sruibe, srubai, Srúba

n orig. perh. n. (see Sc.M2 Gloss.¤, Críth Gabl. Gloss.), cf. d s. srúb, LU 9401 , n. pl. sruibe, Ériu v 38.3 . In Mid.Ir. ā, f.: g s. srubai, Fen. 326.19 . Srúba, Metr. Dinds. iii 282.73 . d s ag Srūibh Lēith, ALC i 562.5 .

Snout, muzzle, beak, nose .

(a) Of animals, etc.: co-mbātar secht n-airtim di forbaidh saille fora srūib till there was a covering of seven fist-lengths of bacon on its snout (a pig), Sc.M² 23 . srub muicci, Corm. Tr. 154 . do ragha muc-thréd dia soigedh, co ros claidhet dia srubhaiph (a place), BNnÉ 325 § 41 . mar shéud óir a sruimh muice, Proverbs xi 22 . pesti . . . ilchennacha go srumaibh remra roderga orro, RC xxviii 318 § 36 . srub chait dono lasin Carpre (i.e. Cairpre Cendchatt), IT iii 189.1 . tuc srúib (: rúin) forsin sen-charraic `he laid the bill (i.e. of a bird) on the ancient rock', Metr. Dinds. iii 258.40 .

(b) Of persons (usually in pejorative sense): cía focerta a s.¤ ar gésce immatairisfed dóib if his snout were thrown on a branch they would cleave together, LU 6823 ( BDD² 349 ). Cf. 6828 . sréid Fergus Dubthach úad iar sin co n-arrasair di sruib fri budin anall alighted on his nose (?), LU 6621 = dia sruib, TBC-I¹ 2081 = co tarla a srubh i freslige anall, TBC-LL¹ p. 399 n. 10 (St.) = co tarla darráib ra budin anechtair, TBC-LL¹ 2777 . míla géra gulbnecha | ro leltar im s.¤ , LU 9401 ( JRSAI 1870-1, 386.20 ). inda llatt ba cūl-scīan s.¤ cechtar de (of two warriors), ZCP xviii 297.6 . do srenga-som na secht moirseser sin co n-benann a srubha fri talmain, TBC-LL¹ 5526 (St.). ni suil, ni srub `'tis not a nose', Laws v 232.8 Comm . ? fata srúm gimhsi gach gille | ag súr Innsi finne Fáil, IGT Decl. ex. 1405 . sruimh, gnus, srón, Eg. Gl. 550 .

(c) Extended applications: fer trí s.¤ : s.¤ tuirc fo chlud . . . s.¤ tinni for croich, s.¤ n-arathair fo rind the snout of a boar in the ditch, the snout of a flitch on the hook, the snout of a plough in the ground, Críth G. 185 - 6 . tri sruba cach fir dib .i. srub cuiltir fo thuinn, srub tuirc for tur, ┐ srub tinne for troisd, Laws v 90.16 Comm . nidad inmaine tri sruibe . . . | dochengat mo dochum, | srub in bacan, srub lia bachaill | srub bec lasin cochall (insulting descr. of the approach of a cleric), Ériu v 38.3 . gall-biail . . . cona sruibh, O'Dav. 532 .

In nn. loc. prob. point, headland , see Hog. Onom.

Compds.

(a) With adjj. ¤derg red-tipped (of arrows): d'fidren na saigheat srubderg, CCath. 3130 . ¤fhillte: slega srúb-fhillti `warped', MR 238.25 . ¤fhotae long-nosed: L. in n-echlach srubhfhada sal[fh]ada ciarfhota, BB 257b24 . bachlaich srubfhata tshalfhata tsheiredchaela, Acall. 3795 . gus a soighit loinges srubfada long-prowed, Leb. Gab.(i) 128 n. 9 . ¤gér sharp-pointed (of arrows): a saighti snasta sruibgérai, CCath. 5550 . cetha srubhgera soiget, Stair Erc. 823 . saithe saighett sruibhger, AFM vi 2130.4 . saighde srúibh-ghéara, TSh. 6676 . ¤glas green-tipped (of waves): raimrá darna sruthlintib srubglassa sálidi sin, LL 228a21 ( TTr. 809 ). ¤rúad red-tipped (of spears): cleth . . . do slegaib . . . srúb-ruada, MR 224.2 .

(b) With nouns. ¤grinne: in t-inad in ro fuiredh srub-grinne sleighi C. `the head of C.'s spear', MR 268.21 . ¤bard a poetic grade (subdivision of dóerbard): it é anmand na ndóerbard .i. culbard ┐ srutbard (srubard, v.l.), IT iii 5.y . claigneach edluith fri srubard, IT iii 23.2 . do cumrecht bard ... salbard ... srubard .i. gandbard .i. is gand a dligud, O'Curry 239 ( H 3.18 133 4 ). srubbrad (sic) .i. at-ber asa sruib hi sanaiss risinti dia ndena i ngebad do a duain 'he says out of his snout in a whisper will he recite his poem to him for whom he makes (it)', UR 51 n. Note also: bard srúibhe, UR 52.6 . See srúblaing.

tairissem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tairissem or dil.ie/39731

Forms: tairisme, tairismhi, toiriseamh, -imh, -mhe, toirisimh, -smhe, t.

n u, m. vn. of do-airissedar. g s. in grian-tairisme , ZCP xvii 229.25 . in tairismhi , CCath. 5966 . toiriseamh (g s. -imh, -mhe) m., IGT Decl. § 101 . toirisimh (g s. -smhe), f., § 150 .

I remaining, staying, continuing, delaying: tairisiomh .i. comhnaidhe, O'Cl. len .i. tairisim, ut est len a ndiamair, O'Mulc. 784 . for mbuithsi i niriss et in t.¤ donairissid indi `the steadfastness with which ye abide in it,' Wb. 14c43 . techt ┐ tairisem ┐ suide gl. (non) stetit, Ml. 15a1 . tairisem ind aiso firien isnaib fochaidib ` continuance ', 54a13 . t.¤ don muir `that the sea should stand still,' 129d5 . dorochóinset arndabeth in tairisem hi robatar riam `they despaired of having the state in which they had been before,' 131c9 . t.¤ gl. stabulum ` stability ,' Sg. 50a18 . t.¤ indala rainne cen diall `the persistence of one of the two parts without declension,' 74b7 . do thairisem hi pardus, SR 1276 . messe ragas for astur ... | ropad ferr lim tair[i]sem, LU 3928 . bid bocht cech rí cen chuind tairismi oca .i. tri cuind tairismi dlegair don ríg oca .i. tri puirt, LL 188b15 (cf. RC xxvi 38.1 ). in tan rosiacht in slog in tracht ┐ in talum thuaid i tairisim reached a permanent position in the north (?), LB 118b22 = BB 240b32 . iar tairisiem after a while , Anecd. ii 42.20 . a loc tairisme in chráeis (of the body), PH 8239 . tairisim do cach dib isin cor ro lá o bélaib `each party is to abide by the contract which he made by word of mouth,' Laws i 50.3 Comm. cu taircsin tairisme `offer of lodging,' ii 30.8 Comm. an feadh beas neach ag eisteacht aifrinn an oiread sin do toirisiumh an ifrinn aigi, Lib. Flav. i 36d12 .

II

(a) stopping, halting, ending: o hIndeoin co Lainnén nicon bía tairissem (sic leg. ?) sair (of the rout of an army), Ériu iii 141.199 . aircc Nóe do thairisim for sléib Arménia come to rest, ii 198.5 . ro élaidhset san aidhche gan nach taireseamh co ndeachatar tar Tuaim, AFM iii 118.3 . is coimdess di-sside tairissium o fhotaib ┐ cuimrib for this can end either in long or short (syllables), IT iii 101.12 . tairisem fo fid i tosach in anma stopping at a letter at the beginning of a noun (of an Ogam in which, if the first syllable of the word is identical with the name of the initial letter, this letter is written for the syllable, e.g. q (queirt) le = certle), Auraic. 5811 . tairsem fo fid i ndeirid in anma (Mael R = M. Ruis), 5818 . See Macalister, Secret Languages 47 .

(b) griant.¤ solstice: da grientairisem ┐ aequinoctium , BCr. 35b1 . i llō in grian-tairisme shámruta, ZCP xvii 229.25 . equinochtia ┐ griantairisme, Lec. 167c30 .

(c) withstanding, resisting, standing out against (frequ. in military sense): ni asse tacre na t.¤ fris `not easy is it to gainsay or withstand it,' Wb. 25b14 . cid terissem namma nírbu toraisse leis gl. resistendum `he had not the confidence even to stand,' Ml. 34c17 . hi t.¤ `in standing firm,' 137d9 . anerlatu co tairisim `disobedience with contumacy,' Ériu vii 174.6 , cf. 10 . fogabar do feraib Hērenn ... oīnfer tairisme comrama frim-sa a man to withstand me in the contest, Sc.M² 9.3 (§ 8) . ar thairisem ṅgaiscidh by trial of arms, TTr.² 1180 . 's fearr teicheamh na tairiseamh, Content. xvi 44 . fri tairisiumh troda ┐ tachair, AFM vi 2126.26 .

(d) cen t.¤ ceaselessly, perpetually: atat ... drem ... and sair síar doib cen tairisem darna lecaib, LU 2210 (FA). cen [an]adh cen tairisium, CCath. 1393 . ro ergidar ... ina tarmánaib ... gan tairisium, MR 230.18 . imairecc ... cen toirisim, Stair Erc. 317 . gan tairisiomh gan toirmeasg continuously , DDána 111.38 .

Various: tairisem talman, IT i 55.24 (= tairismige, Thes. ii 356.3 ). inti na búi oc tairisim oifrind `he that has not attended mass,' Rule of Tallaght 72.12 . tumcichthe ingním itinol tairisem treóin, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 10.5 (rhetoric).

1 tar, dar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 tar, dar or dil.ie/40049
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dar, tar, dar, tar, dar, dar, tair, thar, tairis, thairis, tarsin, darsin, tarsa, darsa, tar, dar, tarsna, darsna, dar, darna, tarna, tar, darm, tarmu, dar, tar, darth, tart, tardo, tardot, tara, dara, tara, dararn, darfar, dara, torum, torom, toram, taram-sa, tarumsa, thorum, thoram, torut, torot, thorad, tharad, thort, thart, tarais, taris, tairis, tharis, thairis, tarse, tharse, tairse, thairse, tarsi, tairs, tairrside, tairsi-side, tairrsi, tairsdi, torunn, torunni, torund, thoruind, thoruinn, taraind, tharainn, toraib, thoruibh, thoraibh, tharaibh, tairsiu, tair(r)siu, thairsiu, torrsu, tarrsu, tar(r)sa, tharsa, tarsta, thórsa, ta(i)rsib, thairsib, tarstibh, tar, tairis, tairise, thart, tar ais, tar éis

prep. with accus. See Thurn. Hdb. § 843 . In Mid. and Mod. Ir. also sporadically with dat. : dar broinfeirtsib (sic leg.), TBC-I¹ 2525 . t.¤ ... ferannaib, Laws iv 136.26 Comm. t.¤ a cladhaibh, TD 13.11 . t.¤ esccairdibh, Ó Héodhusa 78.13. Somet. leniting in Early Mod. Ir. : t.¤ chlár, Content. xviii 53 . t.¤ Mhac Dé, DDána 22.1 . t.¤ chonair, Hugh Roe 28.23 . t.¤ thoil nDé, TSh. 2012.

The proclitic form dar is frequent in O. Ir. beside tar. It occurs also in Mid. Ir., but in Mod. Ir. only in the meaning by in swearing, oaths, etc. (see B V). In Wb the more frequent form is dar. From Ml on tar is the more frequent, but dar is the only form in SR. Exx. of dar: Wb. 2a4 . 3c36 . 6b28 . 7b5 . 10c11 . 13a9 . 13a20 . 16b4 . 16d8 . 18a14 . 23b18 . 24a3 . 24d13 . Ml. 64d8 . SR 1162 etc. Mon. Tall. 141.28 . Sc.M² 17.y . BColm. 92.27 . TTebe 4011 . O'Gr. Cat. 590.33 (in swearing). Exx. of tar: Wb. 3c37 . 5d28 . 15c16 . 21a8 . 22b5 . 22b7 . Ml. 2a6 . 16c5 . 47a3 . 49d1 . 60c1 . 61d4 . 88a1 . 105d6 . 109d8 . 127a1 . Sg. 172a3 . 200b3 . 217b2 , 3 , 12 , 16 . 218a6 . Thes. ii 311.1 . Fél. Ep. 66 . Mon. Tall. 137.14 . Laws ii 262.2 . Sc.M² 21 h . tair, Sg. 8a7 .

In Mod. Ir. occasionally with lenited -t- thar: RC xvii 154.z . Eochairsg. 26.13 . Donlevy 186.21 . This form is commonest in forms with suffixed pron., see infra. The form with suff. pron. 3 s. is also occasionally found as simple prep.: tairis ar marbhadh dhiobh, Rel. Celt. ii 192.6 . thairis gach ní, Feis Tighe Chonáin 862.

With article. sg.: tarsin, Wb. 15c16 . Ml. 16c5 . darsin, SR 1529 . tarsa, Mon. Tall. 130.7 . darsa, TBFr. 79 . tar in, PH 718 . dar in, TBC-I¹ 2500 . pl. tarsna, Ml. 122a3 . Sg. 217b3 . darsna, FA 29 ( dar na, v.l.). darna , Sc.M² 17.y . tarna, IT i 42.13 . tar na, Donlevy 384.6 .

With poss. 1 s.: darm, Wb. 23b18 . SR 1396 . ZCP iv 39.5 . tarmu, Thes. ii 241.13 . dar mo, IT i 121.22 . tar mo, PH 3825 . 2 s.: darth 'airmitein, SR 6320 . tart, TBC-I¹ 1047 . tardo, Sc.M² 13.y . tardot shuilib, Lism. L. 1420 . 3 s. tara, dara: Wb. 24a3 . Ml. 101a3 (leg. tara). Sg. 218a6 . BDD² 921 . 1 p.: dararn-essine, SR 1862 . 2 p.: darfar cenn, Wb. 18a14 . 3 p. dara ngnussib, LU 2091 ( FA 16 ).

With rel.: taratoissed, Wb. 33d10 . tarateged, Thes. ii 315.26 . dara gaib, Mon. Tall. 141.28 . tarndotuidisa over which I shall lead you, TBC-I¹ 238 . tarsa tochuirther, Ml. 22c1 . darsa tiagu, TBC-LL¹ 481 . cindus tíri dar-si fuiniud, Ériu iv 140.14 . dars' tic, Metr. Dinds. iv 286.51 .

With pron. suff.: 1 s. torum, TBC-LL¹ p. 241 n. 1 . PH 1154 . torom, TBC-LL¹ 4709 . toram, Dán Dé ix 8 . taram-sa, TBC-LL¹ p. 115 n. 2 . tarumsa, ACL iii 235.1 . thorum, 242 § 6 . Studies 1934, 434 § 6 . thoram, TSh. 4211 . 2 s. torut, Sg. 217b4 . torot, LU 8139 ( FB 10 ). thorad, DDána 114.7 . tharad, TD 2.32 . thort, DDána 52.39 . Corp. Astron. 6.6 . thart, Content. v 186 . Dán Dé ix 11 . 3 s. m. and n. tarais, Wb. 33d10 . Ml. 28c12 (sic MS.). Goid. 94.16 . taris, Mon. Tall. 136.22 . TBC-LL¹ 1644 . tairis, Mon. Tall. 151.15 . LU 5937 . O'Gr. Cat. 442.y . TSh. 2696 . tharis, BDD² 790 . LU 2150 ( FA 22 ). thairis, Anecd. i 3.10 . TD 20.2 . TSh. 4300 . 3 s. f. tarse, BDD² 978 . tharse, RC vi 183.15 . tairse, LU 3794 ( SCC 36 ). thairse, DDána 52.29 . tarsi, TBC-LL¹ 1600 . tairs, p. 359 n. 7 . tairrside (? leg. tairsi-side), 3727 , cf. TTebe 505 . tairrsi, RC xvii 144.4 . tairsdi, ZCP vi 290.15 . 1 p. torunn, Wb. 15a1 . 15d1 . torunni, 27a14 . torund, Thes. ii 299.37 . thoruind, Fianaig. 68.21 . thoruinn, DDána 95.7 . Donlevy 392.1 . taraind, IGT Decl. ex. 664 . tharainn, DDána 24.19 . 2 p. toraib, TBC-I¹ 281 . thoruibh, DDána 7.4 . thoraibh, TD 14.31 . tharaibh, DDána 53.13 . 3 p. With acc. inflexion: tairsiu, Ml. 121b1 . 123d3 . tair(r)siu, SR 4285 . Laws iv 214.6 . BDD² 142 . thairsiu, TBC-I¹ 150 . LU 2167 . ZCP xi 83.7 . torrsu, Laws v 270.y Comm. tarrsu, iii 424.15 Comm. tar(r)sa, Content. xxi 19 . Ann. Conn. 1342.11 . TSh. 295 . tharsa, DDána 18.2 . RC xxix 220.9 . tarsta, Mac Aingil 576.17 . Eochairsg. 36.32 . thórsa, Ó Bruad. ii 226. With dat. inflexion: ta(i)rsib, SR 4297 . LU 2961 . Laws v 382.21 Comm. DDána 107.21 . Fl. Earls 22.4 . thairsib, TTebe 2705 . DDána 30.24 . tarstibh, TD 3.30 v.l.

The meanings of tar may be divided roughly into concrete and abstract. But it is frequently difficult to assign an example or group of examples to one category or the other. For the sake of convenience a somewhat arbitrary division has been adopted in the following.

A In meanings of a concrete or physical nature.

I over, across, covering , implying rest rather than motion (see ZCP viii 60 ), including exx. where the meaning is that of coming and remaining across .

(a) cona roib temel ... t.¤ rosc for nanme, Wb. 21a8 . fri nech tarsa tochuirther sciath, Ml. 22c1 . mar dlúm dar dreich, SR 6959 . fri hōrsnath īar ndēnam a datha dar or nindeōna, TBC-I¹ 2567 . drochet ... darsin nglend, LU 2148 ( FA 22 ). co ro-thib tond tairis `so that a wave laughed over him,' CRR 34.21 . slicht meōir epscoip dar a ucht, ACL iii 307 § 26 . cro[i]theas a lúireach t.¤ a cheann amach brandished his breastplate above his head, Ériu i 88.1 . tuc sciath t.¤ lorg do maithib Muman covered the retreat of, ML² 274.

(b) Of covering with clay, burying: focheird úir ... taris, TBC-LL¹ 1491 . ó doradadh úir t.¤ Aedh, ACL iii 304.z . ní cóir cré na talamh thorum, Studies 1934, 434 § 6 .

(c) Of wearing, being covered by clothes: ind etaig bruinnidi .i. bís t.¤ bruinniu ógae, Ml. 144c7 . in ṁbrat ... roboi tarais, Goid. 94.16 . ragabsat fial falaid tairsib, TTebe 4159 . deich gcéile ... | t.¤ ar shín Éire a hionar, DDána 113.17 .

(d) Of wearing a belt: a cressa dar a n-áirnib, PH 5103 . rogab tairis in cloidem he girt on the sword, D IV 2, 45d4 .

(e) do-beir lám t.¤ seizes, takes hold of: tabraiter láma tairis, TBC-I¹ 1471 . fochertar lama tairis, LU 5941 . Cf. co tarat láim dar hIffern, SR 7772 . lám Emeire ... dar a brāgaid, Ériu i 118.6 .

(f) With cros a cross: dobér-sa anosa | a crosa darm'aigidh, ZCP viii 110 § 5 . Cros Críosd thorad, DDána 114.7 . tabair cros Crist ... tardot shuilib, Lism. L. 1420.

II over, across implying motion (`motion over a space,' ZCP viii 59 ).

(a) ní tirga tara trachtu, `it will not come beyond its shores,' Ml. 121a17 . t.¤ crích innunn, Sg. 217b12 . doloddursom ... tarsa ceim `came over the stile,' Mon. Tall. 130.7 . im cert filid t.¤ crich the right of a poet to cross a territory (?), Laws i 184.17 . is muir dar crícha, TBC-I¹ 3290 . in uair tra nobenadh bainne don gemlóichet dar a aighidh whenever a flash of lightning struck him across the face, ACL iii 4.28 . tairrsech darsa fuineann grían, Ériu iv 140.16 . ní lamdais ... eoin ... cromad dar craebaib na caillead, TTebe 910 . re comhfhlaith t.¤ chlár anonn from across (?), Content. xviii 53 . tugadh léim t.¤ líne leis `he has now crossed the line (i.e. taken his decision to act),' Aithd. D. 30.12 . Gramm. cumscugud e t.¤ i co ndéni ei deogur (e.g. adeibam for adiebam), Sg. 191a3 .

(b) Of crossing rivers, the sea: dia tanic ... | dar Iordanan, SR 6938 . t.¤ sál sidi, Fél. Sept. 10 . comainm ind atha dar a sredestar, TBC-LL¹ 1463 . don fhéin ... tar tuinn `from beyond the wave,' TD 18.36 .

(c) over the wall of a city, rim of a vessel, etc.: cenn meic B. immach | rolad dar múr na cathrach, SR 6988 . ba léim ro leblaingseom tarsin cathraig ammuich, LU 9077 ( FB 82 ). dar bil in sceith, TBC-LL¹ 3779 . t.¤ luing amach `over the ship's side,' RC xv 294 § 5 . in cetna dabach i tét fichid tairse boils over, LU 3794 ( SCC 36 ).

(d) 3 s. tairis as adv. across: tainic neill diamair ... tairis, TTebe 3758 . dognīd oircne ┐ crecha ... tairis sair i crīchaib cīanaib, ACL iii 224.20 . do ghabhas thairis `transiui,' TSh. 4300 . an duine dorinde an glaedh do tabhairt tairis `to bring the man who raised the cry into his presence', BCC 202.32 . Of crossing the Irish Sea: co n-darafnetar Ulaid tairis i crich n-Alban, IT i 73.z . ar ttecht thairis (.i. tar muir), AFM iii 306.4 . Iarla D. demersus est ac dol taris, Ann. Conn. 1357.4 . Hence in Laws Comm. of stranded persons, etc. alien, foreign (opp. to Érennach), `(über die See) herübergekommen,' Ir. Recht 39 . do murchuirthi .i. tairis .i. dair, Laws i 162.1 . cid fodera conid mo doib ina ndaeraib thairis na ina ndaeraib Erennchaib, v 110.12 . trian eneclainni do daor tairis na nisil, ┐ cethraimhe don daor Eirennach, H 3.17 col. 525 ( O'D. 720 ) = tairise, H 3.17 col. 426 ( O'D. 525 ). in da murcurtha ... más do aon chinel tairis dóib, H 3.17 col. 526 ( O'D. 722 ). Cf. bráighaid-comhal, tairis `an hostage, pledge ,' Eg. Gl. 73.

(e) 2 s. thart as adv. past, around: tar thort `come hither,' TD 2.4 . thort thiarain `over west,' 3.8 . tabhair suil thart ar gach taoibh `examine the subject in every way,' Content. v 186 . léigidh thart an tsláinte pass the health round, ITS xvii 114.96 .

(f) In descriptions of fights: conna torgethar sechut na treót na torot, LU 8139 ( FB 10 ). tēt an fer tarat amal tēti bott t.¤ catt, TBC-I¹ 2680 . laóch bas tualaing th'ergaire ┐ techt thorut `overcome thee,' TTr.² 767 . roling darna laechv, 1076 . regaid fer dar fer, Sc.M² 15.8 . do cuatarsom foithib ┐ trithu ┐ tarrsa, D IV 2, 45a44 .

(g) In phrase buille t.¤ : do-rat cách díb builli dar sróin a chēili riam, Sc.M² 7.10 . ro boí trá buille dar áo i suidiu (builli t.¤ cluáis ┐ t.¤ cend, v.l.), 17.8 .

(h) t.¤ sét, slige, etc. astray: ná léig sinn t.¤ an slighidh do not allow us to stray from the path, DDána 25.4 . cuir inn t.¤ eol mearachaidh keep us from a wrong path, 25.1 .

(i) fo-ceird súil t.¤ : caní ralsid súil torunn? `have ye not cast an eye over us?' Wb. 15a1 . do chor súlae taris, Mon. Tall. 136.22 . nī rolāim sūil toraib isin fid, TBC-I¹ 281.

(j) fo-ceird tar cend overthrows, upsets: is mór ríg ralā dar cend, Hail Brigit § 20 . co corastar na daíni ... tar cend, TBFr. 274 . cend dar cend ┐ druimm dar ais, PH 4392 . See 1 cenn.

(k) With certain verbs: cid siu dothised thairis before she met him, Anecd. i 3.10 . tar doirr troide na tairche `come not into the wrangle of battle,' Content. xxii 19.

III past (i.e. leaving behind).

(a) ulcha ... co soiched dar māethīchtar a māethimlenn sīs, TBC-I¹ 2336 . rochechaing iarum tairsiu it then stepped past them (of the sun), Ériu iv 140.12 . beith t.¤ gach anbhuain aige `to be with him beyond all trouble,' Ériu v 54.45 . dochuaid tarrsa ar tarad a lama laitiri got past them (i.e. defenders), Ann. Conn. 1342.11 .

(b) With léicid (frequently in more or less abstract meanings): im legud ina tāna dar Tailtin, TBC-I¹ 2964 . ro léigedar sin thársa go maidin `they let the matter stand over till morning,' RC xxix 220.9 . far léig mé toram dod thoil, Dán Dé ix 8 . nach lēigfidīs tocrādh a tigerna tairsib that they would not leave unpunished, ML² 1527.

(c) With téit misses, escapes: t.¤ rachuimhne ó ghrásaib Dé nar deachaimne `may we never be forgotten,' Studies 1932, 433 § 7 . a ndeachaidh thorainn `all our shortcomings,' Aithd. D. 97.33 . ar an mbás gcorpordha, ┐ gan dul tairis ag aon-duine, TSh. 2696.

(d) do-icc tar mentions, refers to, treats of: tāinic t.¤ brīathraibh Frōich do Mhidhir, ZCP xiii 174.28 . fada ó tángas t.¤ an ainm `long ago has the name been written of,' Content. v 35 . ní tháinig thar dhortadh fola said nothing about shedding of blood, Eochairsg. 26.13 .

(e) With certain other verbs, frequ. in abstract senses. cuirid: uair ni rocuir ... ailges na acobur e t.¤ a modh gnath roclecht cosin did not cause him to deviate from, D IV 2, 78a22 . fan Páis do chur tairis `to put it past Him,' Maund. 87 . mór do chuir don triallsa thort `has driven ... out of thy mind,' Aithd. D. 31.36 . tar ēis forlonn na faichthe do c[h]ur tairsi when she had got beyond, Feis Tighe Chonáin 984 . do-gní: t.¤ nach éidir dénamh which cannot be done without, IGT Introd. 1.11 . 2.y . gaibid: ma gabthair tairis `if a man gets clear of it' (of carnal thoughts), Mon. Tall. 151.15 . trebaid: Muire ó nach treabhann tharainn since she does not neglect us, DDána 24.19 . ni fhuil cumadh ná siosmadh na seoladh | ... nár thimcheall thórsa `every shaping ... he hath compassed completely' (of an expert shoemaker), Ó Bruad. ii 226 .

IV through, out of (an aperture). Cf. II (c) supra.

(a) Of doors, gates, etc.: coro-m[a]idhetur secht srotha do fhuil ... amach darna secht ndoirrsib, Sc.M² 17.y . tanic an bás t.¤ doirsib mo chuirp is-tech, PH 7805 . Bernais Tana bo Cualnge ... dáig taris rucad in tain, TBC-LL¹ 1587.

(b) Of parts of the body, etc.: in mac imlesen. Fand iarom ainm na dére dothaet tairis, LU 3377 ( SCC 17 ). connách tic focal a corai tardo chend so that you cannot speak properly, Sc.M² 13.y . ní ticfa gāire tar a bél co brách, RC xxiv 374.9 . crechta doimne ... ┐ siat ic tipirsin fhola tairsib, D IV 2, 72b10 .

V through (clothes, etc.): co lluid (sleg) tarsin tlacht ... baí im Ailill, TBFr. 238 . bricht comga ... Ro gonadhsan cach tairsí ┐ treithi ┐ séici, TBC-LL¹ p. 359 n. 7 .

VI In phrases.

(a) tar ais back: in ced do cur tar aís to withdraw the permission, RC xix 28.2 . rathsill ... dara ais, TTebe 4011 . gairm thar ais ` appeal ,' Donlevy 186.21 . See ais.

(b) tar éis on behalf of , etc., see 2 éis.

VII Of time.

(a) Prospectively: nat ṡasai aena t.¤ aile `that one day should not be extended beyond two days,' Laws i 120.18 . Cf. 150.17 . má (sic leg.) téis immurgu t.¤ domnuch `if however it pass the Sunday,' Mon. Tall. 137.14 . tairis sin ` from that forth ,' Laws iii 370.2 Comm. go dtéid t.¤ tráth codalta, TD 20.59 .

(b) With téit is imminent, falls due: do-chuaidh thort mo tháirriochtain it is time for you to save me, DDána 11.23 . 52.39 . dá ndeachadh thoruinn if I was put to it, 95.7 . rachaidh thoruibh tráth oile | bláth toruidh na trócoire, 7.4 .

(c) Retrospectively: noco cuirem in bliadhain-si thoruind `till the year is ended,' Fianaig. 68.21 . atáid re hathaigh d'aimsir ... thart thall `for some time past,' TD 3.2 . an bioth go dtairrnge tharaibh till your life is over, DDána 53.13 . na faoisidineadha do chuaidh thort ` past ,' Donlevy 320.4 .

(d) tar éis after , see 2 éis.

B In meanings of a more abstract nature.

I Denoting increase, excess, etc.

(a) in addition to, besides: dá bfuirgedh dia ... | tairis in chuid do chaithemh `yet farther to consume the meal,' O'Gr. Cat. 442. y. tairis ar marbhadh dhiobh `besides those that were killed,' Rel. Celt. ii 192.6 . tairis sin `besides,' Donlevy 218.14 . tairis so, Corp. Astron. 2.29 .

(b) in excess of: rath t.¤ airdig `over-plus food stock,' Laws ii 262.2 . troscad t.¤ dliged `fasting in excess of what is legal,' iv 58.10 Comm. a mbeith t.¤ a riachtanus `aught over and above his needs,' TSh. 7105.

(c) With téit exceeds: ni conraga tairis it will not increase, Laws i 48.10 . co ndechaidh t.¤ airem a n-esbadha `their losses exceeded computation,' RC xviii 173.2 . téid t.¤ fhine Éireamhóin ` excels ,' Aithd. D. 18.26 . do chuaidh mo shúil t.¤ mo chuid, Dánta Gr. 88.1 . Cf. nā ticidh taris do not exceed it (of a stipulated number of men for a fight), ZCP xiii 228.9 .

II Denoting preference, comparison, distinction , etc. between two objects or between one and several others.

(a) excelling, surpassing, beyond: ar Chríst cóem t.¤ folaid (sic leg.?) excelling, Fél. Apr. 10 . debaid dar dā bran `combat fiercer than two ravens,' ZCP iii 45.9 . rainig a theisd t.¤ ghniomh ghaoidheal `excelled,' Rel. Celt. ii 218.31 . thairis gach ní above all, Feis Tighe Chonáin 862 . a neart t.¤ an gcóir do chuir `He has set Her power higher than any rights,' Aithd. D. 86.18 .

(b) in preference to, rather than: ar adradh Dē dó tairsibh in preference to them (the druids), RC xviii 382.19 . do thogh Dia ... gnúis í Néill ... t.¤ féin ... Gaoidhiol, TD 7.43 . a ghnaoi t.¤ nar bh'iarraidh Art (i.e. when we have you we no longer look for A.), DDána 106.31 . diomoladh na neolghach d'fulang, t.¤ a bheith dorcha air chách (of simple writing), Donlevy xxii 17.

(c) Approximating to of in Eng. of all things, persons, etc., above all: do Laighnibh t.¤ tir oile | níor dhligh buain na bóruimhe from Leinster of all countries, Content. vi 236 . buachoill mo bhó féin | t.¤ gach duine dá dtéid uaim `of all those that deserted me,' TD 22.18 . t.¤ gach arm ... dhíobh sin nachar bhfer feadhma do dhéanamh re clogat é `a helmet, above all ... accoutrements whatsoever, he was not the man to use,' O'Gr. Cat. 510.25.

(d) in comparison with: ní fhuil ann acht dia díomhaoin | t.¤ Mhac Dé (of wordly goods), DDána 22.1 .

(e) aithnid x t.¤ y distinguishes x from y: budh feidhm aithne ar an ngréin ghil | tar néimh aighthe gach aingil to distinguish the bright sun from the radiance of the angels' faces, DDána 29.34 . ionnus nach aithnighedh an dubh t.¤ an mbán, ZCP xii 396.22 . fios an sgrioptuir choir ... t.¤ an leabhar nach sgrioptur, Luc. Fid. 257.2 .

III In meanings with the underlying idea of substitution:

(a) on behalf of, for the sake of (?): is tríd trá do rádhusa | ... | t.¤ chach `on behalf of the others,' Content. vii 6 . níom comhghaol níom cara dhuibh | tarsa ná tathaoir Lughaidh `do not blame L. on that score,' xxi 19 . trúag gan mé is taraind ar thuit, IGT Decl. ex. 664.

(b) tar cend on behalf of , see 1 cenn.

(c) tar éis, see 2 éis.

(d) in return for: t.¤ cais cain-denam (in return) `for hate, well-doing,' Lib. Hymn. 173.358 (ACC). lecid in mnai ass ┐ tabar slan dúib taris in return, LL 276a36 . t.¤ gach leathtrom ... | malairt urchair uaim tar ais | do bhéar `in return for the harsh words,' Content. xvii 10 . Note also: is tairside dochuaid A. ua cleith `through her A. went in secret ...,' TTebe 505 .

IV in violation of, against, generally governing a noun meaning law, treaty, etc.

(a) With téit, do-icc, gaibid etc. transgresses (see also tairmthecht): ho luid adam t.¤ réir, Wb. 3c37 . tairmthtecht t.¤ timna, Laws i 10.3 . raghaidh cech recht t.¤ araile every right will run counter to another, ZCP viii 195.6 . berar coma úan don laech, | mad dia ti taris is báeth if he reject it, TBC-LL¹ 1644 . dias doroine cundradh ... is cuimgech cach fer dib masech tiachtain tairis `withdraw from it' (Plummer MS. notes), H 5.15, 8a ( O'D. 1589 ). riasind aurd dara gaib `the orders which he transgressed,' Mon. Tall. 141.28 . dá ngabhthar linn slighe t.¤ a síorghuidhe, Aithd. D. 19.14 . Cf. t.¤ láimh an ríogh ... | do-chuaidh sinn, 66.28 . ni failmet darth'airmitein, SR 6320.

(b) against, in violation of: dar timne recto dognither int immarmus, Wb. 3c36 . dar brethir Colum Cille, BCC² 233.334 . tar breithir an tṡenaire ┐ an druadh, RC ix 462.14 . toirched t.¤ apud `getting a woman with child notwithstanding being forbidden,' Laws i 176.1 . is t.¤ menmin lim `es geht mir gegen den Sinn,' ZCP viii 175.27 . is t.¤ ghealladh do mhaoidhis `against your promise you boasted ...,' Content. v 183 . faill do thabhairt i ngrádh Dé, t.¤ mar budh dlightheach dhó, TSh. 8613 . t.¤ mo shárugud, PH 3825 . dar sāruccud Dē, ACL iii 308.19 .

(c) in spite of: in ti troisces t.¤ taircsin reir do, Laws i 118.4 . a ngabail t.¤ a n-ainme cipē cruth i mbeid taking them in spite of their defects, ZCP viii 113.10 . robudh thochmarc t.¤ lóegh mbeo sin that were a wooing despite a living warrior (her lover Fróech being alive), ZCP xiii 173.5 . t.¤ a mbí dá dhocracht dó, TD 15.22 . Hence tairis sin yet nevertheless: rodlesaighes thairis sin and yet I have befriended thee, BS 20.27 . bíodh nach tabhair an t-aifreann éin-ní nua dona naoidheanaibh ..., thairis sin ... dleaghair a rádh, TSh. 4831.

V In asseveration = Eng. by (perh. from practice of placing hand over object sworn by, Fraser ZCP viii 60 ): ducuitig tarais fadeissin ... nech taratoissed he swore by himself, Wb. 33d10 . t.¤ ioib gl. per Iouem, Sg. 217b2 . dar mo bréthir, IT i 121.22 . tongu-sa fom chumachta ┐ t.¤ in mac n-oengine, Ériu ii 196.18 . dar an bpeann `by the pen,' O'Gr. Cat. 590.33.

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