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airchor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airchor or dil.ie/1753

 

Forms: airchair, aurchora

m. Vn. of ar-cuirethar. g s. airchair, LU 5093 . aurchora, 5764.

(a) act of putting forward, extending; extens ion: ni haurchor saegail damsa in breath ron-ucus, BDD² 216 `it is not an extension of life to me', p. 76 . dommí aurchur amsere, IT iii 53.22 ( FS Mackay 230 ). sutrall . . . for lassad co léir / . . . / iarna terchur fri dídnad / cen herchur cen airdíbdad, SR 4372 (for airchra?).

(b) cast, shot: focheird N. . . . aurchor dó, LU 5764 (TBC). focheird . . . airchur trén forsinn-ailig, SR 6154 . guma cuigi budein no berad in t-urcur, Laws i 6.8 . tārlaic urchor do gaī mór form-sa, Sc.M² § 10 . do-leci . . . tri haurchuru forru ┐ is traidiu dusfanic int erchor dedenuch quam in tossiuch, ZCP xx 219 § 5 . co táirthed . . . in n-urchur dollécéd asa thailm, LU 5160 (TBC). bla liathroit urcur faichi prim cathrach, Laws iii 252.17 (perh. in sense (c), Plummer MS. notes). bud aurchor deoraid sin ┐ ni ba hicht urraid, TBC-LL¹ 1288 . meni arrais din chétbulli no din chéturchur, 1282 . ro gab int inar ┐ tuc urcur isin tened de threw it into the fire, Cog. 142.16 . tuc rogha n-urchair di masterly shot, Comp. CC 121.16 . guro cuir in tond urcur dib . . . ic calad na hEperi `the wave cast them into the harbour of E'., CCath. 3360 . snidis urchor d'ōenuball dó, MacCongl. 51.3 . ro athchuirset da urchur . . . eturru, MR 254.16 . téid crann ó Dhonnchadh fa dheóigh / bann tar orchar in áirseóir, IGT Decl. ex. 1309 . aga imdhiden ar urcuraibh a escarnamud, ZCP vi 57.6 . toisech M. do marbad annsin d'oenorchur tsoigti, Ann. Conn. 1288 § 5 . díc uiscidhi co n-urchur saigte a fidhbac fora lethi `an arrow-flight in breadth', Marco P. 123 . gur tolladh . . . d'urchor d'ubhall í i bparrthas (of the human race as represented in Adam), TSh. 2549 . a.¤ imruill a shot that misses, see imroll. In proverbial expressions: orchar re haill a shot in the dark(?), DDána 93.6 . urchor i n-aghaidh ruaige flogging a dead horse(?), 101.29 . Fig. d'urchar aithrighe, DDána 58.6 . Of a person: slat an urchair ioldánaigh `scion of artistic cast', Arch. Hib. i 91 § xvi .

(c) As measure of length: aurchor snedar cach leth is é córus a airlise, Críth G. 219 . an turcar cuires uadha an boaire dhí sin (i.e. the cnairseach) ┐ aé na tsuighi a ndorus a tighi ┐ así maigin digona in boaire um a setaib, Laws iv 226.11 . teora foirge ┐ urchar flescaidh, 126.10 Comm. da cuaid M. ed urcair re cach advanced the length of a cast in front of the rest, Cog. 168.27 . ruc Créide . . . edh urchair do mnáibh Eirenn, SG 112.14 . See 2 ed. fot n-aurchora on cathraig a stones' throw. LU 9136 ( FB § 88 ). no téigtis fot n-ahurchara riam, BDD² 138 . buí fot n-ahurchara etarru, 300 . rót n-airchuir see 1 rout.

(d) Concrete, the dart or weapon discharged: honnaib cetnaib erchuraib gl. primis telis, Ml. 34a13 . erchoraib gl. iaculís, 75b8 . Note also: airchur arathir (air chura rathir MS.) gl. temo, Thes. ii 48.35 .

(e) ni dlegar fochruic na urcor dib, O'D. 560 ( H 3.17, col. 439 ) (`? contribution, cf. English shot', Plummer MS. notes).

1 bir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bir or dil.ie/5933
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: biur, biur, ṁbir, biur, beura, bear, bearann

n u, n. Later m. O. Ir. biur, b.¤ a s. biur, TBC-I¹ 1255 , a nōmad ṁbir , 1258 . d s. biur, LU 5733. n a p. beura, Sg. 67b11 ( GOI 198 ). b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 71. g p. bear, ex. 1544 , bearann (: fearann), ex. 1541 .

Stake, spit; point; spear; spike: beura gl. sudes, Sg. 67b11 . sudum .i. inna[m]bir, Gild. Lor. 152. bir a ueru , O'Mulc. 151. braga .i. b.¤ -āga. Aige ainm b.¤ , Corm. Y 161. berid .ix. mbera culind . . . laiss nine spits of holly (for use as spears), LU 5726. sríd N. biur for C.C., 5728 . for rind in bera, 5729 . focheird-sium b.¤ for C., TBC-LL¹ 1947. biaid do chend ar bir, 3476 . for rindriis na mbera, LU 5733. gan nach n-arm . . . acht b. iairn ina láim, TBC-LL¹ 4245. beara iaraind, Todd Nenn. 60.3 . coica bera ara mbái rind / tuc leis do beraib cáirthind, RC vii 300.9 , 10 . nochan fuaratar b.¤ na bundsach isin tsligid-sin, Ann. Conn. 1225.12 . secht mbeara fiched d'iaron aithleghtha, RC xxix 124 § 27. co mberaib gera iairn `with sharp spikes of iron', PH 1240. bera bodba biraithi `darts', Cog. 160.27 . do soighdib . . . ┐ do beraib birgéra ┐ do laighnibh . . . lánmóra, Acall. 2829 v.l. do hinnledh na beara ┐ na r[e]anna uile ar a cheann `spears and darts', RC xxix 124 § 31. an bior ar nach rabha rinn, DDána 3.38 . agá dtreaghdadh do bhearaibh troma teinntidhe (one of the pains of hell), TSh. 1979. gin bera gin slegadh `stakes or spikes', Laws i 304.17 Comm. i ninde bera na corad stake of the (fishing) weir, Ériu xvii 68 § 9.12 ( Laws iv 212.12 Comm. ) ineich doberar a ind in uisci, for ind in bera, in t-iasc, Laws v 478.8 Comm. go mbearuibh omhna `with wooden shafts' (notes), O'R. Poems 684. mé do lá b.¤ 'na bonnaib `I thrust a spike into His feet', Ériu iv 114.21 . lorg bear a bhonn mbeoghonta, DDána 54.14 . sa derna do bhí fan mbir (: fuilngir), IGT Decl. ex. 1149. b.¤ bodba `warlike point', TTebe 2818 . acht muna faice bera no slega `unless he saw the dangerous thing', (lit. `spikes or spears',) Laws i 178.15 Comm. iii 500.23 Comm. Cf. beara .i. sleagha, O'Cl.

Cooking or roasting spit: b.¤ bruinnes, LL 3649 (see Petrie Tara, Plate 8). b.¤ co lúdh, YBL 419a27 (Petrie Tara 189, 5-9). b.¤ Neithin, fulacht na Morrígna, inneóin in Dagda `N.'s spit', Triads 120 . ro iorlamhaighsit . . . do bhior ┐ do choire by roasting and boiling, TFrag. 72.15 . féoil om ar beraib ca[e]rthind `on spits of rowan', RC vii 300.16 . láeig beca ar beraib / a fedaib Cáibden, LL 37949 ( SG 364.33 ).

Other applications: fūaratar bās do beruib / ōn muic dísgir druimremuir `by the tusks' (of a boar), Fianaig. 54.19 . dothuit hi Fidga . . . di bir ois antler (?), ZCP xii 238 § 63. earca brech biathuis da b.¤ .i. gai `countless wolves fed he with his spear' ( MS. Mat. 481.11 ), LL 380b38 = LL 6398. `plug or tent for a wound (?),' TBC St. Gloss.: do lingetar a bera (sic leg., ed.) dhe, ib. 4905 . Expld. as hand in B. na f.: beara (.i. lāmha) nach lang (.i. fada), ZCP v 484 § 6 (= ZCP iii 378.13 ). Of dressing for a wound (or a tent ?): do lingeatar a bhera de co raithin cinn bera, Éigse ix 186 n. 14 (24 P 4 p. 211) .

Compds. With nouns: foghluim an bhiorchleasa ` dart- feat', RC xxix 126 § 32. barrthagar / birchogad, IT iii 105 § 208 . bir-crand (.i. in berb-crand, 484.18 Comm.) treige n-urcomail, Laws v 482.28 . biorchrainn caola slender arrows, DDána 111.23 . do gaínib ┐ birínib ┐ slegínib ┐ birchruadib `hard points' (Táin 2222), TBC-LL¹ 2544 = LU 6401. bir chúaille (? birch.) `sharp spike', Imr. Brain 65.28 . garbeccur grainemail do birfiaclaib barrglassa `of spiky teeth', CCath. 4027. Trí Bior-ghaoithe an Bháis `Three Shafts of Death' (here perh. in sense of tent for a wound, C. O'Rahilly, Éigse ix 186 ), TSh. p. 1. le racht biorghlóir `in sharp-voiced rage', Ó Bruad. iii 212.14 . sída is sróll . . . / sréin is buabae is birtenga, some kind (or part) of horse's headdress (?), SG 249.21 . ? Leg. bir-theng[th]a cooking-spits (?) Fil Súil nGlais 51 .

With adjj.: in torc . . . cusna fiaclaibh bir-athi, Laws v 444.16 Comm. eich . . . bir-cheanda with pointed heads, Leb. Cert. 212.10 . do bogadaib bircennaip, CCath. 5442. cor bo birḟocus cach fonnud issin charput sin next to a point, TBC-LL¹ 2544. do gháibh bega birghéra, Acall. 1802. do beraib bodba birguirt rinnaithi keen-pointed, CCath. 3154. See berach (b).

birín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. birín or dil.ie/5949

 

Forms: beirín

n (1 bir) also beirín little spike, sharp point; dart , little spear: do gaínib ┐ bírínib ┐ slegínib ┐ bircrúadib, LU 6401 (TBC). cet nathrach neimneach . . . com m[b]eandaib ┐ birinib (berinib, v.l.) ima cend `with crests and stings', TTebe 200 .

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bó or dil.ie/6201
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: boin, bou, bo, boin, baí, b, báu, b, bao, Báu, b, búaib, bai, báe, boin, boin, bó, ba, bai, baei, búaibh, b

n f. See GOI § 60 , § 72 , § 340 . a s. boin, Corm. Y 1103 , Vita Br. 24. g s. bou, Thes. ii 278.2 . bo, Vita Br. 24. d s. boin (cf. a mboi leó do bhú, Hugh Roe² 36.4 ). n p. baí, LL 33395 (TBFr.). ba, ML² 34 (see O'Rahilly, EIHM 462 n.2 ). b, Hugh Roe² 46.y . a p. báu, TBFr. 395. b, Ériu ii 20 § 1. g p. bao, Sg. 22b11 , Báu, LU 5373. b, Thes. ii 335.1 (Hy.v), bó, LL 33391 (TBFr.). d p. búaib, LL 22315. n du. di bai , Ml. 2b11 . a du. dí báe , TBFr. dā boin , Corm. Y 1082 (prob. a neologism, GOI § 340.2 ). b.¤ f., d s. boin, g s. g p. bó, n p. ba, bai ( baei: cnai, ex. 1623 ), d p. búaibh, a p. b, IGT Decl. § 86.

Ox, cow: inna mbao (innabao, MS.) gl. boum, Sg. 22b11 . bō nomen de sono factum suae uocis .i. ainm arna dēnam d'foghar in gotha uodēin, Corm. Y 134. b.¤ gl. vacca, Ir. Gl. 159. buachaill b.¤ gl. bubulcus, 583 . bō a boue .i. is coitcenn aní as bós, ut est duo juga bouum, non enim uaccas dixit , O'Mulc. 161. domaincheass ainm do boin .i. dammainchess .i. mainchess bō, ar is cotcend do ceniul a mbos, 321 . dicitur . . . redg frisin boin mir, Corm. Y 1103. coro dart boin dia búaib, LL 22315 ( Dinds. 113 ). rocuinnig seom boin co B., Thes. ii 340.17 (Hy. v Comm.). blegon inna mbō fo thrī, 335.1 (Hy. v). co tucad na bu co Loch L. . . . dia mblegon, 334.43 (Hy. v Comm.). carais forglu inna mbō, 340.1 (Hy. v). bo blegar fri fit, bo co ngalur, bo ciss flatha no eclasa, bo brothcain, Laws v 260.2 - 4 . turcreic bo cona timtach tricha set, ZCP xiv 361 § 19. ite ainmead bo ara n-athchuir etc., O'Curry 250 (H. 3.18, 145a). trí aithgine in domuin: brú mná, uth b.¤, ness gobann, Triads 148 . eacmaing a bhái ana . . . do breith dolēic, ZCP xiii 172.18 . oc tabairt tānae b.¤ húait, Sc.M² 11. i rrechtaib b.¤ ┐ dam ┐ ech (rhet.), LU 8367 ( FB 24 ). rucad láeg mo bo fadéin . . . uaim-se, CRR 3. co mblighfidhe ó na buaibh / sáith f[h]er n-Ēirenn re h-aon-uair, ML² 138. cethracha b.¤ mbreithi mbalcc `forty strong milch cows', Celtica iv 12.21 . buachaill ag na buaib, Laws iv 86.3 Comm. gur f[h]āgaib gach bō 'gā bōthar, ML² 1255. no-chennachtís na bú, PH 4494. no-chennaigitis na bai . . . isin tempul, 4510. ar boin cach naidche ailes `for he deserves (i.e. claims) a cow every night', Laws ii 136.8 . ansom . . . bai briugad . . . teora bae i muin na trissi bo cows of a briugu (of interest due for use when given as pledge), v 400.20 . trí haige bruithi and, a dauim, no a boin, co na timthach di saill no charna, i 48.3 Comm. cuic ba imorro in gach indligedh athgabala `five cows . . . (is) . . . (the fine) for illegal distress', ii 100.4 Comm. in t-airi ard .i. da ba deg a eniclann, v 46.11 Comm. Bríg . . . is lé tomlachta na bae fothrí i n-oenló, Fél. 56.15 . cain Daire ga[n] bú do marbad, 210.33 . lenaid b.¤ odar eisium, ┐ corbo isin in Odor Ciarain (hence the name of the Codex Lebor na Huidre Book of the Dun Cow), 202.33 . intan dono no gesed in tarb bai ocaib no thiagdais ba in tire comfoco[i]s, Dinds. 142. ro ghad boin o Ciaran . . . ro innto an buin go Ciaran doridhisi, BNnÉ 109 § 38 . ní bhean boin do baintrebhthaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 509. luaith na b.¤ do bheith ar n-a hiodhbairt, TSh. 437. i gcuibhreann na mb.¤ fán bhféar (of Nabuchadonosar), 3464 . ó tharlais gan bhrat gan bhú, Measgra D. 27.34 . mairg nach tabhair bloigh na b.¤ / [san] chró [a d]taraidh 'n-a boin bheo alas for him who does not give (to God) a portion of the cow (i.e. some of his wealth) for it will be a whole cow in heaven, DDána 42.39 . ná bíodh aca choidhche, daimh, ba, ná tréuda cáorach = kyne, RSClára 108a . b.¤ sa bhoin `a cow for cow', Eg. Gl. 739. In legal contexts frequently a unit of value (Plummer MS. notes), see Binchy, Críth G. (p. 106 ): secht seoit sin da tecait ceithre ba .i. bo mór and ┐ se samaisce ar trí buaib, in bo riu, conid ceithri ba, O'Curry 195 - 196 (H.4.22, 8). naoi marg xxit do bhuaibh no darget `29 marks . . . in cows or in money', Trans. RIA xv (1826) 33.25 .

Of land: ined da boo deac di thir, AU i 288.11 (see Mac Neill, PRIA xxxvi 286 n. 2 ).

In phrr. in various applications: b.¤ bainne, Laws ii 176.16 Comm. b.¤ blicht, Lat. Lives 103.2 . ár mbadh bhí bleacht, ZCP v 214.368 (Midn. Court). in bo derba `milch cow', Laws ii 162.8 Comm. (`cow of the (milk)-pail' (Thurn.), ZCP xx 199 n.7 ). b.¤ ḟind óderg white red-eared cow `often mentioned in early Irish literature as a choice breed of cattle,' Bergin, Ériu xiv 170 and Peritia xix 239-55 : roerbad iarom b.¤ find audercc dia taiscid ┐ ba slan di, Vita Br. 5. bo find ó. leo, LU 4410. secht mba finna ō-derga, ML² 34. dobert a máthair dí báe déc dó assint shíd, it é finda óiderga, TBFr. 5. b.¤ bháthair a stray cow , IGT Decl. ex. 1354. Note also: bo fri blícht, Laws i 122.10 .i. i n-aimsir lachtha isin tsamradh, 126.19 Comm. bó allaid (`stag', Plummer MS. notes), perh. hind: tuc fer boin allaid leis dia hidpairt, LB 152a58 . b.¤ féich: tighail .i. (sic leg.) crīch dédenach tairic in bō fēich cow paid as last payment of debt due (?), O'Mulc. 862. b.¤ ḟeisi (see Bürgschaft 66 , 78 ): ised slan ngell .i. ba fesi gell, tricha a lin . . . ┐ diabludh fiach for bidbuid cows of spending the night (part of compensation payable by defaulting debtor to his surety, kept in captivity by creditor), Laws ii 136.5 Comm. cu nícand dech mbu feisi ┐ logh einech, O'D. 87 (H.3.17, 73). b.¤ indláeg see indláeg and, Ériu xx 231 - 2 . b.¤ gabála a (beef-)cow levied as a due (see gabál): bo g. .i. mart, no in b.¤ méth, ut est athgabail b.¤ gabala . . . .i. in bo marta nó atgabail gabair im boin marta, O'Dav. 284. b.¤ lethgabála (expld. by O'Curry, Manners and Customs iii 519 n. 580 as `rate in aid of a cow (perh. half the cow's value) levied to meet the requisition of the officer for the relief of the poor' (i.e. the huaitne fonluing, etc.). dlighidh . . . boin lethgab[ala], 519.17 . b.¤ marta beef-cow , see 2 mart. b. threlóeg a cow having had three calves: .i. cuinnid co hobonn boin treloegh , Bretha 42 § 33.6 . .i. ni truma na inni ata ina thoirsiugud umpu na bo trelaog , 44 § 34.9 . tri ba inlaega ar da m-buaib tre laega , Laws i 102.19 Comm . b.¤ thúir see 2 túr.

In nn. loc. (see also Hog. Onom.): Campulus Bouis . . . Ached bou, Thes. ii 278.2 . o Inis bo finne, Fél. 184.18 . Bernas ṁ Bāu (= Báu, LU 5373 ) Cūailnge, TBC-I¹ 897.

Compds. With nouns: cin boainmead without bovine defect(justifying, if present, the cancellation of a purchase, Plummer MS. notes), O'Curry 250 (H.3.18, 145). bó-ár name of a cattle-disease, RC xii 428 § 17. boár .i. sgamach nó maolgarb (see bódíth infra) no galur righín, O'Dav. 291. iar dteacht do bh.¤ nó do bhó-dhíth chuca i n-aimsir C[h]ormaic mic Airt, Ériu i 89 § 36. bóbard seventh class of sóer bard, IT iii 5.10 . bobard dō, suithi ndebidi scarta la sen etir fod ┐ cuimri, etir trebrad ┐ sned, 28 § 67 . aisti bobaird . . . .i. debidi nimrínd ┐ debide scailti etir fot ┐ gair, 45 § 66 . Dond Cúalnge . . . / co ndernsat imme in mbó-brait ` Cattle-Raid ', Metr. Dinds. iii 370.8 . screpul cach bóbotha ` cow-shed ', RC xiv 430 § 56. Dari [.i.] bóchana, fedb, Gorm. Nov. 2. Cf. cain Darí, cen bú do gait, Thes. ii 306.28 , see Thurneysen, ZCP xviii 386. ro metadh blicht cacha bo-cheathra, MR 100.20 . See bóchar. go ndeachaidh do chosnamh a bhóichreche orra `to protect his cows against them', AFM iii 224.6 . crecsluaighedh . . . d'ar comairmedh secht cata deg do bochrudh of property in cattle, AU ii 506.20 . leisin mbréid sróllchon sénta / bóchrodh téid dá thaiscélta, IGT Decl. ex. 71. bruach do bhiadhfadh bóchuingir a yoke of oxen, Ó Bruad. iii 88.16 . ? ba flaith os chuan cach curaich / fo bái slúag in bo-chumaid, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.8 . ina bai bit a mbodaingen `cows should be in a cow-fastness' (i.e. at nightfall), Laws iv 96.25 . See bódela. at crothle garmilíne / at búanaind bodelbae in the shape of a cow (?), LU 8366 ( FB 24 ). bodibad mor fo Erind destruction of cattle, AU i 470.22 . doroine bo-dhibadh mór (of an invad- ing chief), ii 118.21 . (as epithet) Bresal Bodibadh, MacCarthy 302.9 . bo-dhíth mhór ind Erinn, dá ngoirthí Maolgarbh `murrain', AFM ii 1044.11 . earrach an bhó-dhíthe, ALC i 494.15 . bó-dún see badún. moch i.e. bo-erge lit. cow-rising (gl. buaroch), O'Dav. 215 (see Ériu xiii 14.29 ). no sechmallad . . . in ṁbeoḟeoil `the beef ', RC xx 262.19 (ACC Comm.). co tuc boghabhail moir a great prey of cattle, AU i 526.4 . nía boidb bógeimnech (rhetoric), LU 5326 (TBC). bōger ` beef- lard ', MacCongl. 79.23 . bogeltach faithche .i. fer meite coimse na teit tar crich . . . bogeltach .i. fer fogelta a bu a faithce ar cach nach déis etar coin allta ime . . . ni dligh dire na saire ` cow-grazier ', Laws iv 344.5 , 352.18 , 21 Comm. bóguin, see Wortk. 146 : (g s. as epithet) Enna Bōguine (B. ōtāt Cenēl m Bógaine, v.l.), Corp. Gen. 163.2 . Cf. Boguinig `the descendants of Enna Boghuine' (note), MR 156.10 . co ro slecht in buar uile, co n-ebert: "Is bo-guine andso ┐ bid [sed] (?) ainm na benni[se]." Unde . . . Beann Bogaine `a cow- slaughter', Dinds. 142. ingen in righ .i. Boguine a ainm-siden, ACL iii 324.7 . sinum lactis .i. genus uasis .i. bomilge `of cows milk', Thes. ii 48.30 . boogam .i. lilgach ar aicme bethi . . gamnach ar aicme huatha . . . samaisc ar aicme muine, Auraic. 5759. bō-otrac[h] cow-dung , Corm. Y 196. conamailt saill ┐ bōṡaill foa corned beef (?), Corm. Y 883 (76.11) . ethar bec . . . bōshaille `of beef-fat', MacCongl. 85.10 . boseiche ` cow-hide ', Laws iv 148.19 Comm. it séoit bóṡlabra[e] direnatar dó, Críth G. 120. tri cóecait cét boslabraidh ` dower-kine ', RC xvii 214.4 (Tig.) = bó ṡlabhra, Keat. iii 2243 . bo-ṡlechta `the law concerning cows', Ann. Inisf. 810. rith cana boileachta `des Rinder betreffenden Gesetzes', ZCP xviii 383.14 . cain boiliuchta (i.e. `the law that treats of cow-killing, cow stealing, etc.' n. 1), Laws iii 110.4 Comm. seacht cumala lana for fer nurradais mboslechta .i. iar marba buachalla, no airamhain. No is comlaithred deisi iar ngait, O'Curry 2440 ( Eg. 88, 36 ra. ) ` cattle-tracking ', O'Gr. Cat. 97 § 42. bosluaiged lit. host of cattle gl. mammona, Ir. Gl. 300. botheach ` cow house ', Laws v 514.35 Comm. bótháin cow raid : rohir dam . . . .x. mbuachailli botana, Ériu ii 3.14 . ron-íurusa im chét mbó bódána, BDD² 267 = bóthána, LU 6763. co n-immad ech ┐ bótháinte, LU 3911 ( SCC 42 ). no geibed Flidais . . . do bóthorud of livestock, TBFlidais 88 . co tí in bo dia botreib, BB 397b2 . in a bo-tuar (`cow dung ', Plummer MS. notes), Laws v 464.13 Comm.

With adjj.: bo-abartach, abairt amail in mboin `behaving like the cow', O'Dav. 316 ( Ériu xiii 29.10 ). brucchaid bó-cédach, BNnÉ 137.9 `with hundreds of kine', Keat. ii 4682. Bernngal Bóchétach, Acall. 5322.

With bú-: ? maccaim beca buaigelta (buaidhghela, v.l.), TTebe 1372 . Cf. bógeltach. a ccreachghabhala cruidh ┐ cethra broide ┐ búalmha, Hugh Roe² 204.32 . for buageltach ṁBreg (of Cú Chulainn), LL 12569 ` guardian ', RC xiv 398 § 1 . Buagelltaig, LU 9084 ( FB 83 ), cf. BDD² 1209.

See bárach, bóaire, bóbath, bólacht, bómlacht, bóraime, 1, 2 búarach.

buille

Cite this: eDIL s.v. buille or dil.ie/7388
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: builne, buillid, -e, -eda, -e, -ed

n earlier builne , f. See GOI § 153. d s. d'aon buillid , Fen. 196.1 . b.¤ m. and f., n p. -e, -eda, g p. -e, -ed, IGT Decl. § 1. blow, stroke: inna builnni .i. bémen dígle (ref. to plagís, 17c25 ) ` stripes ', Wb. 17d2 . honaib buillib gl. colophis, Tur. 92. gl. alaphis, 93 . ? buile graece bole (βολή, ed.) iaculum airchor, O'Mulc. 172. cet moailli (read mbuilli, ed.) fort laim primitus dé abaind `a hundred blows on thy hand . . . with a scourge', Mon. Tall. 142.10 . do-bert .ix. mbuilli dond inbiur iaraind ar dorusss mB. ┐ do-thuit nónbur cacha builli, BDD² 1452 , 1454 . ro buail builli miledh air, Stair Erc. 604. ní rocht nech díb bir nó bulle nó béim . . . furri `a blow' (playing a ball), TBC-LL² 772 . do-rat cách díb builli dar sróin a chēili, Sc.M² 6. roddet . . . / . . . builli dar Indiúin, Ériu viii 69.4 . do-beir bulli in (leg. imm ?) cend na mná, LU 4357. dobert . . . buli forna heochu 'mon carraic `drove the horses against, etc.', Ériu ii 6 § 9. ic tabairt bulli da choiss issin comlai giving a kick to, MU² 880. co tuc bulli aniarmartach . . . hi mullach chind a brathar do'n con-shlaitt, PH 855. iar ttabairt b.¤ do ghae dhi, BNnÉ 62 § 87 . tug builli ara slabrad jerked the chain, Mer. Uil.² 271. builledha marbta `felling strokes', CCath. 6087. do bh.¤ `with a single blow', Magauran 3927 . an bh.¤ ga mbí a ngábhadh / do-ní uirre iomnághadh gives protection against the blow which threatens him (?), IGT Decl. ex. 10. tennbh.¤ cert casúir, ex. 913 . tug iasg don bh.¤ sin lais `with that cast', ITS xlviii 30.21 . Fig. mh'arthrach . . . / b.¤ ar a sdiuir a chneadh cígh `a force to turn its helm' (sc. Christ's wound), Aithd. D. 84.3 . don Banba is bed 'sas b.¤ (a death), BB 58a41 . b.¤ báis, TSh. 7819. b.¤ = ictus, Rosa Angl. 198.7 , 15. ar son in b.¤ dobeir `the shock' (of cold water), 156.22 .

Other applications. stroke, chime of bell, clock; blast of trumpet, etc.: a cinn cúig mbuilli don clog `at five o'clock', Stair Erc. 2093. dorad builli foran adhairc `gave a blast on the trumpet', 173 . dart , glint?; glance of sunray, eye(s): co n-ecmoing builliu (builli, v.l.) i n-a béolu di gaí gréine, Airne F. 83. dā tāirsedh ēn-b. dā shūil de if he got one look at him, ML² 369. dā fhaicdís aen-buille dá súil de (of torments of hell), RC xxiv 381.27 . builli dom shūil dī `a glimpse of her', ZCP vi 26.32 . buille saebh forsna sūile (sign of old age), 268.10 . b.¤ a habhra, DDána 49.11 .

In phrr. conid b.¤ forais sin do gres iar mbreith Dauid, LB 129b28 = béim forais, forus. do bh.¤ sguir finishing stroke, DDána 40.29 . mo bhuille sguir as ē so | dhíbhse a ndeireadh mo thērmo 'this is my word of parting from you at the end of my term'​, Ériu lxiii 60 § 42​​ (of advice given in a poem). conāro fāgad an cloidem an fuigill b.¤ every stroke the sword delivered was a fatal one, Grail 3201 . fuigheall b.¤ an anaim . . . i nIofrann further torment, DDána 6.27 . is b.¤ air aghaidh é `it is so much done' (a step forward), Donlevy vi 19.

bun(n)sach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bun(n)sach or dil.ie/7464

 

Forms: bon(n)sach, bunsaig, bonnsach

n ā, f. (`seems founded on Icel. vöndr, Eng. wand', Stokes, Eg. Gl. p. 179. ). Later bon(n)sach. rod, stick, staff: dá bunsaig . . . bunsaig (a s.) co rrúsc dub . . . bunsaig snaisi gil . . . na bunsacha a stick with black bark . . . one pared down to the white, LU 1734 ff . (ICM). feib bith bundsacha tria curcais (of spears in warrior's body), BB 437b30 . bunnsacha breacca `rods', Celtica iv 10.62 ( Gen. xxx 37 ). do bhein chasnaighe do bhun bonnsaighe ` wattle ', AFM iv 900.13 . bunnsach no ech-lasc switch gl. luitheach laime (sic leg.), Laws v 484.17 Comm. Perh. also in: tres bundsach gl. i fubtud cach omnaig, Laws i 178.1 Comm. im chumluth ngus candail (leg. nguscandail ?) .i. tres bundsach, O'D. 79 (H. 3.17, 68).

In Laws Comm. in phr. b.¤ chomairce `a rod of safe conduct, given to ollavs to ensure their safe passage through different territories,' Plummer MS. notes. ollum .i. . . . is oll in ni didnes a bundsach comairci dar na tuataibh, v 28.14 , see 30.10 , 14 . is a comgrádh dlighis cach . . . do gabail for a comairce, ┐ curab co nuiriasacht ┐ toircsin cirt, muna[b] bunnsach coimirce, O'Curry 2626 ( Eg. 88, 53 ( 54c )). is[í] in bunnsach comairce, .i. comairce gin biatha ┐ gin uiriasacht, 2627 (ibid.). bundsach comairce tar na tuatha gin uiriasacht . . . gin tomhailt mbidh, gin taircsin dlighe, 2628 (ibid.). dá cét isin bunnsaigh [comairce] cen eiriasacht, cen egairdeis, O'D. 979 (H. 3.17, 778). Cf. teora bunsacha uasaib hi fraig (of poets), LU 7665 ( BDD 124 ).

Freq. toy or boy's spear or javelin as oppd. to weapons used by adults: urcor flescaig, is eiside macc bundsaige ` spear-youth ', Laws iv 138.16 . mac bondsaide . . . .i. mac dana indenma bonnsach isin aeis sin, O'Curry 241 (H. 3.18, 135) = 559 (277). Perh. also: in bunnsach i nairecht. Masa cinnte leis co roisi tairsib is fiach fian cluithi, O'Curry 2381 ( Eg. 88, 29b ) ( Celtica viii 150 ). a scíath slissen laiss ┐ a bunsach (youthful Cú Chulaind), LU 4868. focherded a bunsach ríam, 4869 . focheird a bunsaig rout n-aurchora úad, LL 33139 ( Fraech 47 ). nabad scarad mac ṁbec im bunsachaib baísi that it would be no child's-play, LL 32783 ( TTr. 1995 ). cor cluiche nó bunnsaige (forbidden on Sunday), Ériu ii 206 § 25. do thréig bonnsacha bláithe / ar ruaidhshleaghaibh rionnáithe, DDána 105.3 . birán bunsaigi baisi oppd. to airm croda chura[da], TTebe 3213 . ag lámhach bonnsach (in list of youthful games), TSh. 524. Note also: bonnsach `a Dart Javelin ', Eg. Gl. 88. do chaith Saul an bhunnsach, 1 Sam. xviii 11. nochan fuaratur bir na bundsach isin tsligid-sin met with no opposition at all, Ann. Conn. 1225.12 .

Other applications: for bunnsachaib na gréne = radiis (Gloss.), Lat. Lives 82.x = for[s]na goa greine, Vita Br. 54. ic buadnaisi a bunnsachaib a briathar `to threaten with the scourges of his words', MR 168.5 . dá bhonnsaigh `two spindle- shanks', Ó Bruad. i 76.z .

caithem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caithem or dil.ie/7993
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: caithim, caithed, caithte, caithim, caitheamh, c., caithim

n ā, f. Also m. n s. also caithim, caithed. g s. caithte, A. Ó Dálaigh xvi l . caithim f., IGT Decl. § 150 . caitheamh m., § 101 . Vn. of 1 caithid. c.¤ , caithim, IGT Verbs § 72 . In sense (d): caitheachtain, Bard. Synt. Tr. 14.y .

(a) act of spending, consuming, using up. Of eating, drinking: ní fogní leisim a cathim na ráod sin, Mon. Tall. 13 . do chaithim feolae, 51 . oénfer do cathim a satha día [ḟ]eóil, LU 3451 ( SCC 23 ). do chathim mo bíd, TBC-LL¹ 1042 . ní do thorad in chroind sin do ch.¤ , MacCarthy 52.14 . co nar leicc c.¤ na cumsanad doib `eat or rest', Ann. Conn. 1270.5 . tuir-bhiadh ┐ táir-dheoch do lucht a gcaithmhe, TSh. 8316 . corp Christ . . . ica caithimh, Grail 1851 . caitheamh an chuirp, Dán Dé xviii 3 . iar caithem feoir (of cattle), Ann. Conn. 1224.2 . Of territory enjoying fruits of; laying waste, pillaging: a caitium ┐ a cosnum to spend and defend it (of territory), ZCP xiii 181.y . in ti coimetas a tir cen c.¤ , Laws iii 50.12 Comm. atáid h-eascaraid ag caitheadh do chríche pillaging, ML 52.7 . baí an t-iarla ag caithemh, ┐ acc cuartucchadh na Mumhan `spending and subjugating', AFM vi 2082.13 . fuair tú a cáineadh 's a caithimh (: an-fhlaithibh) `slandered and wasted' (of Ireland), A. Ó Dálaigh liii 12 . morsluaigedh . . . la ríg nErenn i Muigh Birra oc caithem Urmuman `consuming', RC xviii 42.8 .

Of spending, enjoying length of time, life, reign, feast etc.: tíachtain . . . do chathim fessi Temrach, LU 4209 . atbath . . . íar cathim do cethri .u. mbliadna, 10080 . dochúaidh do chaithemh na betha suthaine, Ériu v 98.21 . i dtigh Dé ní dheachaidh fear / ag caitheamh na gcúig n-aimsear, Aithd. D. 98.4 (leg. i gc.¤ ?). 's í ar gcaitheamh a céadaoise, Dán Dé v 28 . Hence act of enjoying: nī cair in domuin cathim `she loved not to enjoy the world', Thes. ii 328.2 ( Hy. v 8 ). a cumus ┐ a c.¤ (of wealth etc.), ZCP vi 54.18 . ag c.¤ toraid na hespocoiti enjoying the benefits of the see, Ann. Conn. 1307.12 . ní ceart do chaithiomh (of the body) `to pamper thee', Aithd. D. 79.1 . Cf. dorat Colam cille cuairt ┐ c.¤ a manach ┐ a oglach [do Chaillín] `fees and entertainment', Fen. 164.20 . toiscidi .i. caithemh, Ériu xiii 55 § 29 .

In other contexts: da c.¤ fo cétoir `for immediate use', Laws i 80.15 Comm. in aimsir a caithme (of turf), 132.9 Comm. c.¤ dligid egalsa co hindligthech spending the church dues, v 122.17 Comm. robo imda claideam iar caithim corice a dornchor on imbualad worn, LL 408b2 ( TTr. 2232 ). co tairnic airm Ḟind do chaithim `till he had used up', Dinds. 139 ( RC xvi 147 ). a tuarastal . . . do caithium, Cog. 156.24 . ar chaithimh (ccaithim v.l.) a chruidh, IGT Verbs ex. 651 . an lóchrann lasas go mear / is dó as chomhghoire caitheamh, Content. xxiii 10 n. d'éis cáich do chaithiomh a rosc, LBranach 1553 `having spent all their tears', Gloss. creideamh mar is cóir do chaitheamh practice, DDána 14.2 . an corp do chaithimh (: aithir) subdue, 10.15 .

With follg. prep. FRI: biadh ... do chathum ria liaigh 'to provide food for his physician', Mar. Dis. 30 § 8 . do chaitheamh a g-coimhfheirge re C. `expend', MR 272.2 . ō thairnic d'Fer lí a c[h]laidim do chaithim re cend ┐ re colainn in rí[g]fēnnid `worn out', Fianaig. 96.7 . a nert do caithemh riú, TBC St. 3852 . cam do chaitheam re chóir to meet justice with injustice, ML 102.13 .

Note also with prep. AR: caitheamh ar fheolmhach ┐ iascach took to, Keat. ii 4109 .

(b) In phrases. téid c.¤ for (i n-) x x is consumed, used up: im laithibh do-chuaidh caithimh (: héanlaithibh), DDána 6.35 . ní caitheamh do-chóidh 'n-a tréan (: maitheadh), 11.13 . ní théid caitheamh . . . ar phianaibh ifrinn, TSh. 6574 . Cf. tucatar c.¤ ar a cráisechaib they used their spears, Caithr. Thoirdh. 113.23 . c.¤ aimsire pastime: a hollamh / caitheamh aimsire a sluagh, DDána 73.9 . air na sgribad le R.T. dochum caithiomh aimsire do fein, Flower Cat. 336.31 . na cluicheadha nó an caitheamh aimsire, TSh. 4161 . ced . . . caithmhe aimsire, RSClára 117a . Attrib. g s. coinnle caithmhe Dé na ndúl (of sun and moon) `household torches', Dán Dé xxvii 10 . an chuid chaithmhe, Measgra D. 67.12 `the food about to be eaten', Gloss. teach caithimh gach fhir othair (of the cross), Aithd. D. 88.22 . dá toigh chaithmhe (of generous patron), DDána 103.3 . árus caithmhe ┐ comhnuidhe ann, Ériu v 90.23 . fearann caithmhe clóidim do mo chathaibh won by my sword in battle(?), ML 104.8 . inad caithmi in gach tuaith tréin `the place of the banquet', Hy Fiach. 278.y . istad caithme conaich, Grail 3286 . Adv. phrase: cen nach cathim without delay(?), SR 2195 .

In cheville: fa céim caithme (of Maedóc Ferna), BNnÉ 282.7 .

(c) liberality, generosity : fiadna caithme is clú O cCuinn `the witnesses of the munificence and fame', MS. Mat. 563.3 . méad a chaithmhe, Aithd. D. 10.6 . go mbí an rath i mbun caithmhe (proverb), O'R. Poems 1204 = gnáth rath re cois an chaithimh, DDána 102.4 . cen chathim cen tidnacul, LL 24794 . Of food: oc airmbertad in chaithme, Alex. 706 = caigte, BB 494b37 . cnuas na habhla . . . / damhna caithmhe don chéad ló `meant at first to be our food', Dán Dé xxviii 41 .

(d) act of casting, shooting missile : cuing caithfe na crann g[ ], LL 394.50 . cás a caithte (of a dart), DDána 78.10 . a naidhme caithme ┐ cosanta `projectile and defensive weapons', AFM vi 2270.5 . Also with gen. of object of attack: ro gab aga ccaithemh he set to pelting them, TBC St. 3934 . Maghnus . . . do dhul do chaithed ṡlúaig Ghall an oidhche sin, ALC ii 246.15 . cóicc gonna . . . dia caitheamh gan choiccill `to play upon it' (i.e. a castle), AFM v 1732.12 . ac c.¤ . . . aroile firing at one another, 1572.1 . Note also: ag drud re caithimh a chéile to harass one another, DDána 110.19 . iatt araon ag caithemh i naghaidh aroile im thighearnas na tíre `at strife . . . concerning . . .', AFM v 1830.6 .

cleittíne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cleittíne or dil.ie/9431

 

Forms: cleittín

n io, m. (cleitte). Later also cleittín. Small light javelin, dart (usually of one of Cú Chulainn's weapons); dagger(?): do chuingid in cletine .i. gai Con Culaind, LU 5805 (TBC). imráidset iarom nípád ansu Cu Chulaind acht tuctha a cletíne airi, 5802 . focheird . . . in cletine dó co lluid triana chend, 5809 . airm i n-arrasar a n-uma don cletiniu, 5812 . immárubartsa in clétine / gai bolgae do léir, 9447 . .ix. cletíne clis, LU 8566 = cleitin, IT i 274 § 42 v.l. claidhemh, cletine, cathbharr, Ériu xiii 30.16 . gebid a chlettini diburgthi, LL 8319 (TBC). no thelged a chlettin, 8323 . a arm chletin, TBC-LL¹ p. 273 n.3 . d'iarraidh in chletin chleasa fair, n.5 . a chletín curad, Anecd. i 37 § 99 . cletine .i. lethfaobrach .i. claidhmíne no bedh fri cnis fri hairlech, dorn ann, nó dorn co n-airtem a dagger, O'Dav. 568 . Cú an chleitín, DDána 117.32 . In rhetorics: cumall (.i. cu) curson (.i. saoi) clettine, KZ xxxiii 82.7 . cairptine cleitīniu clār clē, Ériu i 116.11 . ar cletīnib cīanaib, 25 . cain sug set gai in cleitīne cain, 118.17 .

colg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. colg or dil.ie/10494

 

Forms: calg, cailg, colg, calg, cailg

n Also calg. ā, f. (a d s. cailg). Later o, m. colg calg (clog clag, v.l.) m., IGT Decl. § 69 . cailg f., § 14 . Verbs § 76 .

(a) anything pointed, piercing instrument : c.¤ sleighe spear-point , DDána 119.11 . Sinand na bferg bfuar / do treghd cuan a clag its point has pierced the harbour(?), Caithr. Thoirdh. 18.18 (`his sword reached many a [supposed] place of safety'). ? c.¤ tuinne re tir, 18.24 (`the wave's impact on the shore').

(b) sword, prob. small sword, rapier: `colgg' ┐ `dubcenn' duo nomina gladii sunt isin tṡengoedeilg, RC xx 276.1 (ACC Comm.). `gen' ┐ `c.¤' . . . / dhá ṡenainm cloidhimh curadh, Metr. Gl. 15 § 36 . faccaib a chailg inna comair. Dosbert si do chlam, Vita Br. 13 . colc oc mo choilcse, LU 333 (ACC Comm.) (.i. claideb, M). cethora calgu (a p.), LL 392d34 . c.¤ (.i. claideb), 36087 ( LU 9672 ). mosdísem calga de Galión gáir, LU 5424 (TBC rhet.). L. . . . / imbert choilgg for C., ZCP viii 118 § 29 ( Rawl. 88b19 ). ōenchalga clū `the fame of the unique blade', Jn. Celt. Stud. i 86.25 ( YBL 125b33 ). calcc i laim cechtar hai, O'Curry 887 ( H 3.18, 396ab ). amal ch.¤ `like a rapier', IT iii 199 § 59 . cona sciathaib cona ṅgaib / cona calcaib, LL 4949 . scél fo chulgc a bloody affair(?), 30088 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 404.14 ). calgg dart bragit or L. (a threat), 37217 ( RC xiii 446 § 30 ). ra gabsatar (sc. Cú Chulainn and Fer Diad) dá sciath . . . ┐ a n-ocht cuilg ṅdét, TBC-LL¹ 3557 . re dathadh c.¤ , DDána 79.24 (`reddening of swords', Ir. Monthly 1921, 246 ). c.¤ .i. cloidheamh, O'Cl. breitheamh ciuil is cúrsa is cuilg `judge of coursing, music, fencing', Ó Bruad. ii 180.ix . ? senóir cuilg cairt an Bhúrcaigh, Ériu viii 93.301 . Fig. lé c.¤ nó lé cloidheamh an chraois, TSh. 2465 .

(c) sting; stab, thrust; act of piercing, stabbing (in these meanings always cailg): cia adbela [in bech] dia facbail a chailce from leaving his sting behind, O'Curry 890 ( H 3.18, 397b ). a ninadh na cailgi . . . dá mbe an cailg a nairteri (of a snake bite), O'Gr. Cat. 213.19 . tre chailg (: mairg) an gha, DDána 39.34 . i gcailg chagaidh, 73.18 . do-niad cailg abhla na haithne, 31.7 . Fig. ag cailg riaghla mic Alphroinn i.e. undermining the faith, Celtica i 150 § 41 . ro ghabhsat accá ccailcc ┐ . . . accá ttolladh, AFM vi 1970.8 . cailg a sting, Eg. Gl. 173 . cailg an bháis, 1 Corinth. xv 56 . ag soin uaim mo cheisd gan chailg (: mairg) without a quip(?), Content. xxvii 18 . Of satire: a Chiaran cailg carai / rob mairg mas do m'aerad, BB 299b24 . gnúis charthonach gan chailg n-aor `never stung by satire', Studies 1921, 589 § 8 . ? ag so cailg na fine ó bhfuil / file gach aird dá fhéachain the bane of his people, DDána 102.36 .

(d) awn of barley, wheat etc.: gran . . . ┐ he lom .i. cin c.¤ , Laws iv 94.17 Comm. ? itir chimedha culg .i. in cimidh so is ann bís itir c.¤ ┐ caithlech .i. itir c.¤ a cimidhecht .i. ag foghnamh, O'D. 845 ( H 3.17, 602 ). cnet do chulg (caused by healing of wound over an ear of barley), Corp. Gen. 405.5 . cruithneacht . . . / ar bhfás a cuilg 's a cunnuill, Aithd. D. 94.29 . m'uan beag cáidh . . . / . . . gan cháith gan chailg gan cheó (of one who had died young and innocent), Hackett xii 16 . By extension: do mhaol c.¤ bhar ndaghbhrat ndearg `rough nap', Magauran 370 . ar mhalaigh as chamdhubh gcuilg `curling dark crest', 996 . Cf. `c.¤ the coarse fibres of flax', Duan. F. Gloss .

(e) Fig. fury, rage : ticc an peist neimhi . . . go ccolcc mór fuirri, BNnÉ 5 § 14 . maircc thuilles om cléir a ccailcc (chailg, v.l.), 286 § 273 (`hostility'). d'fhreagair Gobhann mo ch.¤ , Oss. vi 112.17 . calg ionTaidhg air `furious as T. used to be', Ériu xvi 134 § 39 . ní léir c.¤ mar a ch.¤ soin (of a lion), Aithd. D. 16.22 .

Note also: cruith .i. cailg nō glic nō crōdae, ut est: ... frim odrubairt (imatrubhairt, v.l.) cailg co cruith, Corm. Y 386 .

Compds. With nouns. caismerta na ccolccbuidhen `the armed troops', AFM vi 1882.9 . For colg-dét see 1 dét. in claidem ina coilgdírgi `blade-straightness', CCath. 5252 . ar colg-deis do claidim pointed blade, MR 160.15 . ar colgdiasaibh cloidhemh, LL 409a22 . colglonga `martial warships', Caithr. CC 45.1 . ¤ṡnám(?): leth eo cednama, no eo colgnama: "eo colgnama, cach na cel", Laws v 40.24 Comm.

With adjj. calgard .i. díreach. ard amhail cholg .i. amhail chloidhim, O'Cl. fertsi crúadi colgdírgi, LU 8596 ( FB 45 ). Adv. co coilgdhirech, ZCP vi 279.z . cath-beim colg-duaibsech claidim, MR 116.22 . in carpat . . . go creit . . . chlessaird cholgḟata, TBC-LL¹ 3376 . in colglaemdha Ceallachan `C. of the flashing sword', Caithr. CC 2.27 . co cródha cailccneimhneach (adv.), AFM vi 1956.23 . do cloidmib cruadgera colgriigní (sic), BB 431b11 . fir cholgshnasda, DDána 87.9 . With Part. ¤ṡnaitte: .l. claideb colgnaiti with engraved blades, LL 7282 .

cor(r)thar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cor(r)thar or dil.ie/12544
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: corrthar, corrthair, choirthir, corthaire

n ā, f. corrthar (corthar, v.l.) m., IGT Decl. § 11 . corrthair f., § 13 . d s. choirthir, Ériu v 76.24 . n p. corthaire, Keat. ii 1915 . fringe, edging, border (of garments): corrthair .i. cuirther fri hēdach etc., Corm. Y 336 . corrthar .i. ciumus, O'Dav. 579 . cen corthair (.i. fadlaing nó brot), Bruss. 5100, 24 cited Contribb. 494 . aisti ab astilis o slisnip corthaire, O'Mulc. 64 . etir chorthair a léined ┐ a glún, Triads 222 . hi corthair brollaig inair O., Dinds. 32 . for etaige ┐ corthara, LL 2023 . ? Fir Cúl co corrtharaibh, ZCP xii 358.15 . ba hāilliu i cortharaib na rīg oldās ōr (Absolom's hair. Leg. oldás ór i cortharaib etc.?), xiii 177.4 . corrthoir gan tablanna (of specious good looks), vii 268 § 3 . ic figi chorrthairi, LL 7733 (TBC). ag cor chorthair iongnáith óir, TD 11.16 . re slis corrthair, IGT Decl. ex. 375 .

Extended applications. With follg. sg. teined fringe of fire, conflagration, blaze : fó cíaigh ┐ fó corthair thened, TTr.² 156 . i corthair tened, LL 12830 ( RC xiv 418 § 34 ). tré choirthir smáil teineadh, Ériu v 76.24 . Of light in general: in ruithean greni orda ┐ in corthair rigda aireadga (sic), YBL 149b17 . Of territory: isin chorthair immechtraig na hEórpa border, TTr.² 325 . a sáegol fo corthair cain (a person), LL 2402 . ? Of feathering of arrow: dá craobhraidh [an] chorthair-se (Cupid's dart), DDána 78.7 . claideb corthaire, term in weaving, appar. rod used in making fringes: im cloidem corthaire, Laws i 150.7 .i. [cranda beca a cinn corthair] asa figther in corrthair, 152.18 Comm. c.¤ corthaire do ḟindruine inna láim (in descr. of prophetess), TBC-I¹ 34 (`a shuttle', Faraday; see ZCP lxi 49-55 ). Cf. ina corrthair chlaidem `border', MR 214.23 .

As comic n. pr. f. Corthair ingen Druinighe, Anecd. ii 56.4 .

daig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. daig or dil.ie/14169
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: doigh, doighthe, doightheacha, duig, dathacha

n i later t, f. m. (is ē in daigh derg, BB 319 b 30) .

I A flame, blaze, conflagration, fire . .i. ignis , H 3.18, 69 . dag .i. ingnis , O'Mulc. 337 . d.¤ = tine, Metr. daig .i. tine, Stowe Gl. 96 . daig derg dermór teintide, SR 4092 . ba mét daig ndairthaige, BDD § 65 , ib. § 66 . derg in d.¤ , LL 130 a 27 , 196 b . téit d.¤ do neim, RC xx 150 . 15 . daig garg gnathaltach, RC xxxii 392. 2 . Dáiri Derg daigh garg, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 62. 7 . in daig derglasrach, Lec. 376 a 5 . SG 18. 8 . daig ┐ debech, LL 10 b 19 = BB 33 b 3 , 4 . g s. luchair dego, TBC-LL¹ 5301 YBL (l. dhedha, St., luachair dheghadh H, l. n[d ?]aga LL). nemain dega .i. aibli tened, ut dicitur nemain dega derci, O'Mulc. 839 . dá mag déc derce dega, LL 7 a 9 ( degha, BB 28 b 20 ). eo dega deirg, LL iii 19467 . deilm ndegae, Liad. and Cuir. 16 , 22 . muir ṅdaiged tened tromruad, SR 910 . Molling lassar daiged, Bor. § 129 ( = RC xiii 102. 1 ). d s. at é rombeotar ar daig, Rawl. 88 a 41 . a óca batar ardaigh | ag orcain Maoil Milscothaig, Anecd. ii 66.1 . dosratsat fo thendáil tened ┐ fo daigid dergruaid, TTr. 572 . a s. cen cath cen indrud cen daigh ndeirg, Tig. 999 . meirgeda donna mar dhaigh, MR 228. 11 . is and atconnairc daighidh na hoirgne, Dinds. 129 ( RC xvi 81 ). orcon fri daigid: Corcach mor ... do argain f. d., Tig. 977 . arg. f. d. cech naidchi, Ériu iv 28. 23 . fri d. rohorta uile, AU i 416. 5 . ib. 376. 15 ; 408. 3 ; 424. 10 . orcain la daigid: Corcach mór do arcain la d. AU i 490. 4 . a pl. rosiacht a mórairgne ba tria daigte tened LU 114 a 43 . d pl. co ndaighthibh .i. go dteinntibh, O'Cl. ina doigthib dergthinead, Lec. 596 b 30 .—Metaph. of a hero, king, saint. d.¤ ná dubaig, IT iii 131. 10 . d.¤ ná daim crannchor, ib. 154. 4 . is daidh didaingen in duine mór, ib. 94. 34 . Niall mac Diarmata in daig derg, LL 185 a 1 . Duach dalta Dedaig in daig, ib. 129 a 25 . dá bliadain ba derb don daig, Rawl. 164 b 18 . in d.¤ dherglasrach iarthair Eorpa .i. Molaise, SG 18. 8 . a dhaigh dhána dhúir, Oss. v 14. 17 ; 16. 2 .

II A pang, stitch, or other pain P. O'C. doigh, Eg. Gl. 260 . nicon rabi doig ná tendius i corp ná hi colaind di, LB 135 b 2 . rohathnuigit bríga a cuirp cen doig cen tinnes, ib. 233 b 4 . ca an daigh dochuaidh ad chridhe, P. O'C. s.v. daigh . dochuaidh doigh éada a nAoife dhesin a dart of jealousy Atlantis iv 118. 32 . loscad daigi heartburn O'Gr. Cat. 194 . Dinneen s.v. doigh.

MOD. doigh, pl. doighthe and doightheacha, Munster duig, pl. dathacha rheumatics .

2 daiger

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 daiger or dil.ie/14180

 

Forms: daighear, doighear, daigear, doigear, doighear, dóighéar

n ā, f. daighear, doighear, daigear, doigear a shaft, dart , arrow, a spear or dagger P. O'C. doighear a spear O'Br. dóighéar, O'R.— co ndechaid in daiger díbraicthe...i tulmuing in talman, MR 152. 18 (YBL, daighir Stowe MSS). co ndechaid in daighir díbraicthe tre eirr... chathsceith Cellaig, ib. 266. 8 (Stowe MSS, lacking in YBL). mo tachar gan cloideam | ó dobris mo doiger, Celt. Rev. iii 304 . co ndergsabair mór ndaiger, SG i 37. 4 .

dáir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dáir or dil.ie/14254

 

Forms: dáir

n i. A bulling . ce brisit na cet[h]ro oca mbít dair, Laws v 156. 2 . fora mbi dair, ib. 7 . slán dona tarbaib ┐ dona reithib in ré suthain bít ac dáir na máine, ib. iii 232. 2 . tarb i naimsir dara, ib. ii 44. 6 . i 144. 4 . gein bes meracht in dara orro, ib. iii 232. 7 . biaid buar in domain dithoraid .i. cen lacht nó cen dáir, LL 188 a 55 . iarna dáir (tair MS) don Donn Cuailnge, RC x 222 § 14 . co tuc a óghréir .i. agh ndára cech trír a heifer in calf AU ii 76 . dair...na cethra, O'Dav. 741 . go ndearna bó do dháir, O'Cl. s.v. dart .

MOD. dáir. bó fé dháir (W.K.). Cf. dairid.

dairid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dairid or dil.ie/14285

 

Forms: dairid, nodaired, dart, dairidar, dairim, doirim

n pr. i. Bulls. pr. ind. 3 sg. dairid. ipf. 3 sg. nodaired. pret. 3 sg. dart . pass. pr. ind. 3 sg. dairidar. ipf. nodairthea.— in tarb cetamus is cuma dairi[d]side a ceathra fadesin, Laws iv 100. 26 . colpaich ó méid dairidar, ib. 18 . cóiea samaisce nodaired cach lái, TBC-LL¹ 1530 . dart .i. dair, gur dhart bhoin .i. go ndearna bó do dháir, O'Cl. co ndart boin dia buaib, Dinds. 159 . dofucusa in mboinsea ...condarodart (condorodart, Eg.) in Dub Cuailnge, TBR 5 ( IT ii2 245. 10 ). condarodart in Donn Cuailnge, IT ii2 240 n. . condrodart in Dunn Cuailgne, RC x 222. 12 . nodairthea in laeg i cinn a ráithe ana ré, CF 73. 6 . —MOD. dairim, doirim. Cf. dáir, darmna, do-dair.

dairt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dairt or dil.ie/14305
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: darto, darta, dairt, dairti, dartada, darta, dart, dartib, dairtib, dartaib

n i, f. g s. darto, darta. d s. dairt. n p. dairti ( dairt, Laws i 190. 3 ; but the MS has dairti), dartada. g p. darta, dart . d p. dartib ( Laws v 386. 6 f.b. ), dairtib, dartaib.

I A heifer of one year (Stokes, Corm. Tr. 29 . Atkinson, Laws vi 213 . of two years, O'Don. Suppl.). dairt .i. colbthach, O'Cl. dairt .i. laeg, Lec. Gl. 355 . Stowe Gl. 320 . —Frequent in the Laws. samaisci ┐ colpacha. . .no dairti ┐ dartada .i. minchethra, Laws i 190. 7 . na dairti ┐ na dartada. . . .i. na hindlithe re torba (before they are productive), ib. 3 . urdliged .i. sicail ┐ dairti, ii 342. 21 . — Generally as a fine . ar is for dartib rosuidiged fuillem a díre, v 394. 23 . direnar teora dartib i fuillem a dire, ib. 396. 2 . As a fine for cutting a shrub tree (blackthorn, elder, etc.), iv 146. 27 ; or the branches of the chief trees (airig feda: oak, hazel, holly, etc.), ib. 146. 23 ; or of the common trees (athig feda: alder, willow, etc.), ib. 146. 25 ; for cutting of land, ib. 152. 8 ; for breaking the laws of fences and co- tenancy, ib. 72. 3 ; for a physician neglecting a sick man, i 130. 25 . draigen trom. . .dairt a ndíre cach ae, iv 146. 27 . dairt coll. . .cuic seoit a ndíre cach ae bo buinbéime. . .dairt ina craebaib, ib. 146. 23 , 148. 25 . fernn sail. . .bo a ndíre cach ae dairt ina craebu, 146. 25 . athaigh feadha. . .dairt ina ngabla, 150. 6 . aurba tíre. . .dartaig a tri cuailli. . .dairt ina cuic, 152. 8 . dairt cacha treisi, 72. 3 , 13 ; v 270. 16 . muna urfócra (sc. in liag) is fiachach .i. dairt, i 130. 24 . Cf. cuic dairti dec filet ó cechtar de, i 174. 6 . ise dligis dairt, v 340. 21 .—As a price of fosterage: ised is log einuch .i. dartuid ┐ dairt ┐ colpuch, ii 152. 2 . tír ndarta a measure of land: air atá tír nd. coruigi thir chumaile, v 466. 16 . —Its value was one-sixth of a cow, i.e. four screpalls: dairt .i. ceithri scripall .i. ar seised, iv 148. 7 . dairt ceithri screpall, 150. 23 . dairt .i. ceithri screpall i ndíri gabal na fodla (for the branches of the bramble trees), 148. 8 , cf. 152. 14 . Worth three screpalls acc. to v 396. 4 : teora dartib .i. tri scribaill ar gach n[d]airt díbseo uili.— colpach firend ┐ dairt boinend, Corm. s.v. clithar sét . ba mmóir choire ṅdarta cechtar a ndá odbrand, LL 252 b 25 ( ZCP x 366). fiu la ríg dodonfarci cetheora darti fichet, ib. 286 a 27 (= KMMisc. 212. 15 ). i naimsir Bressail táinic in cétna bóar i nHérind ┐ nocon fárggaib acht teora dartada (a pl.) i nÉrind. ité dergga .i. dairt i Cliu dairt i lLiniu dairt i Cuailngiu. is de atá Imbliuch Fir Oendarta, ib. 339 a 11 . berid a bu le .i. cethracha lulgach ┐ caeca dart (darta, Eg.) TBD 16 . ní rarmea do bú móra bar dartib, TBC-LL¹ 4405 (v.l. ar dartaib YBL, ar dairtibh, Stowe).

LOC. Imlech Fir aendairti, Cóir Anm. 18 . is de ata Imliuch nDarta (nDairte YBL) hi cCliuu, TBD 16 . Onomast.

II Metaph. a young girl . nicon biäid aice bó | na dairti ná dartado, Liad. and Cuir. 18 . PERS. Dart ingen Echach mic Cairpri, TBD 212 , for Dartaid, formed to the g s. Darta ( TBD 211 Eg.) = Dartada ( ib. 168 ). Cf. dat. Dairt, ib. 134 YBL.

Cf. dáir, dairid, dartaid, dartán.

dairthech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dairthech or dil.ie/14308
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dairthach, daurthech, durthech, doirrthech, durthach, dúr(r)thech, derthech, dérthech, derthach, dérthach, dirthach, Derthaighi, ernaichthi, derthech, duirtheach, derthaighe, durtaig, dearthaigh, dairrtig, duirrtech, derthach, dirthige, dirthaige, durthigib

n dairthach, daurthech, durthech, doirrthech, durthach, dúr(r)thech, derthech, dérthech, derthach, dérthach, dirthach, s, n. later m. Derthaighi (g s. rhymes) with ernaichthi, AU i 412. 6 .

I (Literally oak-house) a penitentiary, oratory, prayer-house (originally of wood), the smallest of the sacred edifices used in Ireland; generally fifteen feet long and ten feet broad. Its value was ten heifers (samaisci), if thatched with rushes, ten cows if with slates H 3.15 , p. 653 .— durthach duairce, Eg. Gl. 246 . durrtaigi .i. durthech .i. dairthech .i. tech darach, Laws v 102. 27 Comm. saer drondurrtaigi comsaire do fri harig ndesa, ib. 102. 24 . oc dénum a derrthige, Fél.² lxxiii . durthach, IT iii 86. 21 . deirt[h]ech bec, RC x 187. 5 . conaca in relic ┐ in dairthach fo lánessair glan, LL 286 a 42 . daurthach bec ara bélaib, ib. 287 b 42 . lemsa cetna baclas dirthach is croch chloche, ib. 45 b 6 . ba mét daig ṅdáirthaige cach tob, BDD 65 . conustarladar for duirtheach mbec, FDG 116 . i ndorus in duirthíge, ib. 118 . i ndorchaib derrthaige, Otia i 126 . a cride amail chailc for bendchobar daurthige LB 108 a 79 . for bendchopar in daurtige, IT i 39. 17 . dorad síniudh a dairthaighi do, RC xxvii 280. 4 . do denuṁ a dart[h]aighe, ib. 5 . rethet daurthige i Tuaith dá muige, IT 41. 23 . i ndurtaig clárach, BB 299 b 6 . derthac Lusca do loscad, TFrag. 142. 18 . roloisg cealla ┐ dirthigi na naomh, ib. 116. 24 . losccad Léithglinne go léir cenmothá an deirtheach, AFM ii 878. 9 .—Further instances: n s. derthech ZCP iv 385. 4 . vi 99. 18 . duirtheach, Hy Fiach. 52. 2 . g s. derthaighe, AU i 412. 6 . LL 344 b 27 . BB 63 b 15 . ZCP iv 99. 20 . d s. durtaig, Mon. Tall. 132. 12 . dearthaigh, AFM 410. 10 . dairrtig, MR 124. 25 . duirrtech, ZCP vi 99. 3 . a s. derthach, AU i 502 . ZCP vi 99. 19 . n pl. dirthige, TTr. 116 . a pl. dirthaige, LL 330 e 48 . d pl. durthigib, RC xvii 358. 25 .

II A prayer-house in general, a chapel . durthach .i. teampall, O'Cl. in doirthech i cantar in celebrad i filet na tri ced clar .i. clar fo gach clérech, Fen. 206. 10 . in duirthech. . .tri ced clar ta san tig fa chomair gach chlerig, ib. 212. 27 .

III Metaph. a dark, wretched abode . doilgheas do bheith air tré bheith ag imirce a duirtheach daordhálach na colna don árus aoibhinn úd na cathrach neaṁdha, TSh. 76. 6 . (ifreann) dúirtheach duaibhseach daordhálach gacha deaṁain, ib. 186. 21 .

LOC. Breasal ó Dertaigh, Reeves Ad. 386. 27 . Drostan Dairtige (Deartaige AU) décc, AFM i 314. 12 . i nDerthoigh Aedhain, ib. 414. 14 . losccad Derthaighe Mochua, ib. ii 606. 3 . Cf. also IT i. 41. 23 and Dairthach Mic Mailine, Duirthech Laithrigh, D.¤ Seirc, Durrthach hUa mBriuin Chualunn, Onomast.

1 dart

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dart or dil.ie/14697

 

adj bulled , pt. of dairid, q.v.

2 dart

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 dart or dil.ie/14698

 

Forms: dairt, dart, dairt, . dart, dairt, dairte, dairteacha, dairtech, dartach, dairteach, dairtín, I

I n A dart , a missile. n p. dairt, H 2.7, 280 b , pointing to a masc. o-stem. dart a dart P. O'C. , who also gives dairt . dart , Macd.

Obs.

II A missile clod P. O'C. gleba Lhuyd (also dairt); dairt f. a clod, g s. dairte, pl. dairteacha, Dinneen., O'R. In this sense still in use.—Hence dairtech, dartach

(a) full of missive darts P. O'C.

(b) full of missive clods P. O'C. dairteach clodded , Lhuyd. Dinneen — dairtín, Dinneen dartán, ZCP x 373 . I A small dart , P. O'C.

II A small clod , P. O'C. Dinneen (from Donegal).—From Engl. dart .

Dartaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Dartaid or dil.ie/14702

 

Forms: Dart, Dartada, Darta, Dairte, Dairthe, Dartuid, Dairt, Darta

i, npr. f.

I Daughter of Regamain. nom. Dart , TBD § 16 (twice). gen. Dartada; syncopated: Darta TBD § 14 , § 16 Eg. Dairte, ib. § 16 YBL. Dairthe, § 14 YBL. dat. Dartuid, TBD § 9 Eg. Dairt, ib. YBL. The ā-inflexion in the YBL-version of TBD is based on the syncopated g s. Darta. táin bó Dartada LU. YBL. Eg. IT ii 188 sq. dia tucsat...táin bó Dartada ingine Regamna a Mumain, Dinds. § 61 . do breith Dartada, TBD § 11 . gu ránicc tech nDarta, ib. § 14 Eg. (nDairthe YBL.)

II The eponymous ancestor of Dartrige, cf. moccu Dartado: Molasse m. h. Dartada, LL 368 a 20 . Rawl. 90 d 28 . Molaisi mc. h. Dartada, BB 227 e 17 . Cuimmin mac Lugdach Insi mac ua Dartadha, Mart. Don. May 21 .

LOC. Clúain Dartada, Rawl. 92 a 15 . 127 a 12 . Aedán ó C. D., Gorm. Feb. 12 ; v. Hog. Onom. 261 . Imlech nDarta: I. nDairte, TBD § 16 . Cf. dartaid.

Dartraige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Dartraige or dil.ie/14710

 

Forms: Dartraide, Dartraoi, Dartraige, Dartirge

pn io, n. Dartraide, Dartraoi ( ALC ii 464. 13 ). Name of several territories and a tribe whose eponymous ancestor seems to have been Dartaid; compare the moccu Dartado s.v. Dartaid II; Dartraige, then, possibly for older Dartirge, cf. Nechtarge: Nechtraige, Osserge: Osraige. Like Dáirine also in pl.: ac Dartraigib, SG i 37. 2 . ar Dartraighibh, AU ii 458. 8 . AFM iii 308. 2 . Explained as Dáire-traighi .i. traigh Dáiri the tribe of Daire Doimthech: nam traigh .i. cland nó cinél .i. cinél Dáiri Doimthich iat, Cóir Anm. § 75 ; as Dart-raige, descending from Doigre Dart SG ii 508 .

(a) Dartraige Coininnse the country of the O'Boylans, now Dartry Barony in the west of the County of Monaghan, Fél. 150 at June 15 . trénḟer ua Baighealláin tigherna Dartraighe do ṁarbhadh, AFM ii 756. 1 f.b. Also called Dartraige Oirgiall FM Ind., Hogan.

(b) Dartraige Daminnse FM Ind., Hogan.

(c) Dartraige mic Flanchaid (Flanchada) the Barony of Rosclogher in the north of County Leitrim AFM iii 248 n. a . Hogan.

(d) Dartraige Feimin, Hogan. Dartraige alone may apply to all these. Another Dartraige in Munster, near Cashel SG 36 . For other localities of this name see Hogan.

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