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1 colp(th)ach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 colp(th)ach or dil.ie/10534

 

Forms: calpach, calptach

n ā, f. (colp(th)ae) yearling heifer (c.¤ ḟirenn yearling bull(ock)): sēt gabla . . . dartait firend ┐ colpac[h] bonend, nō colpach (colpdac, MS.) firend ┐ dartaid boinend, Corm. Y 209 . méit chori cholbthaige cechtar a dá glune, LU 6952 (BDD). teoir colp[d]acha firenna, Críth G. 371 (colpacha, colp̄dai, MSS.). imtoin[g] colpdaig nó a lóg, 42 . commet re colptaig mbliadne, RC xxvi 136 § 10 . airigh feada: . . . colpach ina ngablaib a c.¤ as a fine for cutting . . . , Laws iv 146.23 . colpach ocht scribuill . . . colpach se screpoll, v 172.2 , 4 Comm. ina gcolpacha no ina samaisce ro gadagh iat ┐ ina mbuaib mora ro haibreadh iat, O'Curry 2157 ( Eg. 88, 4 ). dairt cethri screpaill ┐ colpach ocht screpaill, ┐ samaisc da screpall dec, O'Curry 1266 ( H 3.18, 513 ). i cind trí mbliadan . . . laígh na cétbliadna, samaisc iat isin bliadhain dédenaigh ┐ laígh na bliadna medonaighe colbpada [iat] isin bliadhain dédhenaigh ┐ laigh na bliadna dedenaige dairti iat i cinn na bliadna sin, O'D. 930 - 1 ( H 3.17, 658b ). ag cach dini dairt ┐ colpach ┐ samaisc, 930 (ibid.). samaisci ┐ colpacha . . . .i. minchethra, Laws i 190.7 Comm. colpdach . . . nó a llóg isí unga chána domnaig insin, Ériu ii 208 § 30 . acolbthach acendach ndaim (as term of contempt), IT iii 69 § 12 . calpach gl. juvenca, Ir. Gl. 164 . calptach gl. bínna, 162 . damogam .i. tarb ar aicmi bethi . . . colpthach firenn ar aicmi . . . muine, BB 311a12 . lailiucha na colpacha ina ré (of a good king), CF 73.9 . colpach bhainnean, Numbers xix 2 . `colluid, colpach, seachbhuidh, a heifer, a cow', Eg. Gl. 187 . Applied to an older beast: colpach thri mblíadhan d'aóis, Gen. xv 9 . In sobriquet: Mac Cuirr na cColpthach, AFM ii 1110.3 .

c.¤ trín calf worth one-third of full-grown cow: tri colpthacha trin ar boin, Ir. Recht 13 § 14 n.9 . colpach trin bó, O'D. 245 ( H 3.17, 197 ). Cf. colp[ta] trín ┐ da cholpthaigh cethraime, Ériu xiii 45.13 .

By extension: colpach capuill `a colt', AU iii 310.17 . calpach doim (of a deer), Acall. 6712 v.l.

See leth compds.

dartaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dartaid or dil.ie/14701
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dartaid, dartuid, dartoid, dairtaid, dartait, dartaith, dartad, dartaig, dartada, dartuid, dartada, dartado, dartada, dairtida

n i. n s. dartaid, Laws iv 28. 19 ; 312. 12 , 15 , 23 ; BDD § 159 ; Corm. s.v. clithar sét ; BB 311 a 13 ; ZCP iii 204. 10 (LU); Dinds. § 66 . dartuid, Laws ii 152. 2 . dartoid, O'Mulc. 753 . dairtaid, Laws iv 312. 17 . dartait (i.e. dartaith), Corm. l.c. YBL. dartad, BB 311 a 13 . dartaig, Macd. g s. dartada; Laws i 184. 5 f.b. ii 258. 14 . LU 79 a 39 . Dinds. § 61 . IT ii2 185 . Rawl. 92 a 15 . 127 a 12 . Gorm. Feb. 12 . n du. dá dartuid , Laws ii 74. 18 . n p. dartada, ib. i 190. 3 , 7 . dartado (: bo), orig. the a p., Liad. and Cuir. 18. 6 .—a p. dartada, LL 339 a 10 . dairtida, Laws v 386. 3 f.b.

A heifer or a bull calf growing into , tarb and dam. See EIF 60-61 , ZCP xlii 93, 100 . Dinds. § 66 a dartaid is called a tarb: doriacht bó Nero cona tarb ina díaidh coro géis oc Ráith Cruachan coro mothaig in Findbennach coro gleac dóib ┐ ba fortail in dartaid (referring to tarb as the corresponding passage RC x 226 proves ). It is reckoned as a dam (m. and f.) LU 79 a 39 : do chotutlethar chruaid choirtchide do formna .vii. ndamseched ndartada (= TBC-LL¹ 2561 , 2568 , cf. CCath. 5228 ); BB 311 a 13 : damogam .i. tarb...dam...colpthach...dartaid ar aicme ailme .i. dartad (sic) ii d.¤ , &c.; O'Mulc. 753 : is cend daim for dartoid (dam is said of the full-grown animal). A `dartaid' is reckoned among the `minchethrae' and `sesc-slabrae,' the small and still unproductive cattle: samaisci ┐ colpacha...nó dairti ┐ dartada .i. minchethra, Laws i 190. 7 . im siscslabra an indle .i. na dairt ┐ na dartada....i. na hindlithe re torba, ib. i 190. 3 . Corm. (s.v. clithar sét) speaks of a dartaid firenn a male dartaid (Corm. YBL) and dartaid bainenn a she-dartaid (but probably the latter is merely a scribal error for dairt baininn, EIF 60 n. 244 ); the application to the female is very old as the npr. f. Dartaid shows.

Frequent in the Laws, indicating the `sét' of the lowest value, the `sét gabla.' Its value was one-twelfth of a cow, i.e. two screpalls (not three as Atkinson says), or three `miach' ( ii 258. 14 ); the dairt (= three screpalls) ranks higher: dígu sét somaíne .i. in sét is díthogaidi somaíne ann .i. dartaid dá screpall, Laws iv 28. 19 . dartada (g s.) .i. agh trí miach, ib. ii 258. 14 . sét gabla didiu isé is lugam .i. dartaid (dartait YBL) ḟirend ┐ colpach boineand nó colpach ḟirend ┐ dairt (dartaid YBL) boinend, Corm. s.v. clithar sét . According to their value the gradation is as follows: dartaid, dairt, colpach, samaisc, bó, Laws iv 312 . 12 - 15 . dartuid ┐ dairt ┐ colpuch, ib. ii 152. 2 . cóic seoit i ndul tria tech tria lias di brisiud a comla. dartaid i fleisc tís. dairt i fleisc thuas. samaisc...colpdach...dairt i naursain airthir tighe dairtaid i naursain iarthair tige, ib. iv 312. 15 sq. dairt i crand nairide thiar dartaid i crann nairide do thein, ib. 312. 23 . Corm. l.c. dartaid , dairt, and colpach are joined into one grade (the `cétna sét'); then come: samaisc in sét tánaise. laulgach nó dam timchill arathair in tress sét ┐ isé sin in ríisét.

Further instances: nocho tabraid side acht na ceathra foilli inásas acu na dairti ┐ na dairtida, Laws v 386. 3 f.b. cu ngealut dá dartuid fri rodam ┐ cu ngelut dá dartuid sech rodam that two `dartaids' graze as much as a great ox ib. ii 74. 18 . dartada, ib. i 184. 5 f.b. icdai dartaid hi cind gait inna forreith do Diarmait, ZCP iii 204. 10 , cf. SG 396 . 30 . dartado (n p.), Liad. and Cuir. 18. 6 . dartaid inide a heifer three years old at Shrovetide Macd. 312 b . Manners and Customs iii 568 b .

PROV. is cend daim for dartoid mórpersan for becphobul, O'Mulc. 753 . METAPH. Ingcél ┐ a dā bráthair .i. Echell ┐ Tulchinne .i. dartaid na díberca the Yearling of the Reavers (Stokes) BDD § 159 . Synon. tarbíne, Echtra Nera RC x 226 , cf. Dinds. § 66 .

Dairt and dartaid both originate from the root of dairid, dáir, but their relation to each other is not clear; dartaid looks like a nom. ag., dairt like a vn. Both words became early obsolete, probably in early Mid.-Ir. The form dairtid ( dairtida, Laws v 386. 3 f.b. ) shows the influence of dairt. Dartada in the passage: nocon ḟarrgaib acht teora dartada in Hérind .i. dairt i Cliu dairt i lLiniu dairt i Cuailṅgiu, LL 389 a 10 , is either due to confusion of dairt and dartaid, or it is an early instance of the Mid.-Ir. pl. in -adha.—Cf. dáir, dairid, 1 dairt, dartán.

2 ? gabal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ? gabal or dil.ie/25033

 

n tribute, tax ? (A.S. gafol, `rent tax, due'). ro boí rodgabáil ┐ salanngabal for Árainn, Anecd. iii 60.24 . a lethgabol étaig do brutt no da léinid no inur `half of clothes for mantle or for shirt or for tunic,' Ériu i, 220 § 14 and 224 note ( H 3.17, c. 854 ). leth-ghabhul diabalta d'íc ris (for example, in the relation between a `flaith' and a `céile' if the fief consisted of stolen property and if the `flaith' knew, but the `céile' did not know, the latter is entitled to separate, and the `leth-gabul d.' is to be paid to him in addition to `eneclann,' apparently a specific fine), O'D. 2262 ( Rawl. B 506 f. 21c ). See also Laws Gl. s.v. leth . May be cpd. of gabál, q.v. sét gabla, a minor chattel, MacNeill, Law of status 275, n. 3 . A sét of the lowest value, contrasted with the normal sét (= a samaisc) and the highest (clithar-sét = a milch cow or a ploughing ox). aen set gabla diri fochlaccain, Laws v 58.16 . Defined : sēt gabla ... is e as laigheam and .i. dartait firend ┐ colpac[h] bonend, nō colpach firend ┐ dartaid boinend, Corm. Y 209 (s.v. clithar sēt). cach tris sēt sét gabla, samaisc alaili, lulgach nō dam timchill arathair araile (i.e. the three séts in rising gradations, of which the highest is the `clithar-sét' or `king's sét'), ib. Same definition, Ir. Recht (Dīre) § 6 . Cf., however, set gabla .i. samusc ┐ colpthach firenn no cetloegh ┐ colpach boinen, O'Curry 506 ( H 3.18, p. 257 ). brosna do setaib gabla, Laws i 478.25 Comm. Cf. cuic seoit ..., acht it seoit gabla, Laws iv 144.32 Comm. Often gl. in Comm. by gablaigid, q.v. Cf. v 58.16 , 18 ; 388.4 , 14 ; O'Curry 618 ( H 3.18, p. 299 ) ; O'Curry 1454 ( H 3.18, 658a ). gabhla flatha forbach .i. ate forbuain gablaighthear don fhlaith sech gach duine is isle inás levy-shares are the taxes of a lord, O'Curry 1623 - 4 ( 23 Q 6, p. 7b ). O'Gr. Cat. 81.6. The earlier examples here may be attributed to gabál and the remainder to gabul, so that the word is doubtful.

2 sét

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 sét or dil.ie/37323

 

Forms: séuti, seuta, seda, séd, séda, seóide, sét

n o, m. Note a p. séuti, Wb. 23d4 . See GOI § 280 (6) . Later n p. seuta, Trip. 128.28 . seda, D IV 2, 78rb40 . séd (búadha) m. (g s. also séda), IGT Decl. § 62 . Later also f. g s. seóide suarraighe, TSh. 10638 .

I Legal.

(a) an object of value, a chattel (used especially of livestock, the chief medium of exchange in ancient Ireland). clithar sēt . . . .i. rī[g]-sēt . . . sēt gabla . . . is é as laigheam and .i. dartait firend ┐ colpac[h] bonend, no colpach firend ┐ dartaid boinend. Samuisc in sēd tanaisi. Lulgach nō dam timchill arat[h]air in t[r]ess sēt, Corm. Y 209 . seotu .i. scuithi, O'Curry 2247 ( Eg. 88, fo. 18 ). athgabail set co nimcloi dilsi, Laws i 246.20 . ma marathar seoit ernes flaith . . . ni obund flaith a seotu, ii 316.18 (= ZCP xiv 384 § 49 ). athgabail fir laisi fuirecar set turoirgni neimid for a indile `the stolen beast of a "nemed"' v 260.z , see O'Dav. 1503 . caiti somoíne ṡ.¤ ind ḟir sin, Críth G. 253 . cid dia setaib fadesin is dilis don c[h]etmuintir in c[h]oibche sin, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 49 § 23 = Laws ii 382.15 . cóic s.¤ di neoch rodmbí, di arggut nó umu nó ibur, Críth G. 282 . im secht seotu tige airech, Laws i 124.6 .i. sechta seotu airech . . . | . . . | caire, dabach, escra, ian, | arathain echsrian no delg, 134.9 Comm .

(b) a unit of value (= ½ a milch cow): ocht mba[i] a th[a]ur-chrecc, it é .x. séoit insin, Críth G. 105 . cuic seoit hi lobud cacha hathgabala ro midir Morand; noch fil tri seota cacha tratha ro follaigther co aurlaind a dithma, Laws i 102.7 .i. tri ba inlaega ar da m-buaib tre laega, 19 Comm . airigh feada . . . cuic seoit a ndire cach ae; bo [ina] buinbeím, colpach ína ngablaib, dairt ina craebaib, iv 146.22 . aen set gabla diri fochlaccain, v 58.16 . cuic seoit for neach biathus elodhuch ar a finnathur, iii 60.1 . iarruid mic righ triuchu set, ii 154.14 . unga arcait ind ┐ cóic seóit ó suidiu anund (for grinding in a mill on Sunday), Ériu ii 204 § 23 . do-beir . . . i s.¤ gives as compensation : dombert in cathbarr don cruitire i seot á imdergta, D IV 2, 53rb34 .

in s.¤ foraici uingi `a 'sét' worth an ounce' enters into the arrangement about a cargo-ship which comes aground on a person's land. See ZCP xvi 409 : is ann ata set sé screpall uaithi, no set foraici uingi, in tan tainic fo thomus duine airithi hi, ocus ní na [f]lesc lama sin fein do rala iat acht a ferann duine aile na comocus, Laws iii 426.19 Comm .

s.¤ gertha, a present given by foster-parents to a foster-child, varying according to the rank of the fosterling's father, which binds the fosterling to look after his foster-parents, see Stud. in E. Ir. Law p. 10 , 190 . [s]et gerta cach meic, Laws ii 190.13 . lan set gertha no leth set gertha uaithi do iar naois diailtre, ii 348.9 . mad mana imna no seota gerta no gaire, iii 50.26 .

s.¤ rodairc a `sét' estimated by sight : in set foraici uingi, no in set se screpall no in set rodairc, i 202.29 Comm . dlegur do cach bairc ┐ do cach bleith s.¤ rodhairc, O'Dav. 273 .

s.¤ turchluide is used of a grant of stock from a lord to his client, see s.v. turchluide: logh einech cach ain is edh a seota turcluide, ZCP xiv 342 § 4 . caitiat seoit turchluide caich fo miad? . . . tri seoit da ogairigh, tri secht cumula do ruirig, cethri secht cumula do ri ruiriuch, 340 § 2 . maniro-era flaith seotu turcluide, is dilus trian na set iar n-ecaibh na flatha don ceili, maniro-metha fair forsin cele, cenirobiatha eitir, 363 § 23 .

II In more general sense a valuable article of property, a treasure; in pl. treasures, possessions, wealth: ni ar séuti na máini robcarsi Tíamthe, Wb. 23d4 . nibu ar chuingid for s.¤ `it was not for the sake of asking your treasures', 24d7 . brethae ho suidiu mór du setaib do Abimelech hi terfochraic marbtha Dauid, Ml. 52 . int seuit bite hí cách crích, 122a4 . a taidchrec co sommataid ┐ setaib leu, 123c10 . ba ingnad a lestar, ba dia [sh]etaib ingantaib ind rig, Irish Texts i 10 § 32 . tucad dóib an ba táriu da sétaib, co festais cia díb da m-bad lia séoit ┐ móine ┐ indmassa, TBC-LL¹ 62 . in s.¤ sainemail sin . . . .i. Dond Cualnge, 95 . ni messa Conchobar do charait ┐ dano do thabairt s.¤ ┐ indile, Sc.M² 2 . ni-raibi . . . set na biadh na brat na dergud ann, Thurn. Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 42 § 3 . tárgud amra isin taig do cholcthechaib ┐ brothrachaib ┐ di sétaib ingantaib, LU 11045 . roidhbair a séodu ule . . . etir eocho ┐ indile ┐ edach ┐ fidhcill ┐ brandam ┐ bogha ┐ bolgṡaighid ┐ stabuill, RC xviii 182.7 . ciar ba bocht deroil a seda sa bith frecnairc, D IV 2, 78rb40 . da madh áil leis seóide (seoid, v.l.) ┐ máoini d'fhagbail, BS § 15 . ní ḟúair sinn acht na séda | uaidh do chind a coimhéda, IGT Decl. ex. 1475 . cruit ollamhan ḟola Búrcach | tre bhioth síor budh séad fa chion, TD 25.31 . séad saorchon, 25.27 . More specifically an ornament, jewel : in s.¤ arggait .i. in main no set arcait, Thes. ii 346.77 . a cétlá fosfuarsa ind ordnaisc . . . rofetar ropu s.¤ cáeim, TBFr. 330 . conríccatar a seuít frie .i. iii ungai argait ┐ cann (?) argit ┐ muince iii nungae, Trip. ii 340.18 . aidme altoire, seoit aenaig, .i. in prim deilge .i. na seoit gnathaither do breith i n-aenach, 129 Comm . is é sin ionadh as mó a fríth dór ┐ dairccet, ocus dfionndruine, ┐ do leccaibh . . . ro tionóiledh co haon ionadh na seoitt sin, Cog. 114.21 . do chuir mé séud oirdheirc air hédan ┐ clúasfháinneadha ann do chlúasaibh, Ezekiel xvi 12 . thug an tóglach amach séoid airgid agus séoid óir, Gen. xxiv 53 . in ti no cinnfedh ar aei cloichi licc loghmar dó . . . ┐ colg déd don tí no cinnfedh for aighe eoch. ocus do-radadh na seoid sin uile do Ercuil, Stair Erc. 203 .

Fig. of something precious or beloved: s.¤ baitsi ┐ comnae, | aithne, écnairc nosgeba `the jewel of baptism', Ériu iii 98 § 10 . sealbh an anaim is sé an séad | créad fa raghainn a Dhé dhíod, Dán Dé ix 21 . séad ar n-adhradh druim ar druim (of the Eucharist), Aithd. D. 53.12 . cosg ar chrú t'álaidh do ḟéd | an séd tárraidh tú don tréod, IGT Decl. ex. 1476 . co tart Finnchua a sheut anmcharut a inad fein ar nimh dhosomh Lism. L. 2930 . fuaradar na trí seoide sin bás Mochua's cock, mouse and fly), Keat. iii 1130 .

With defining adj.: s.¤ búada a choice object : ní ar son gcruidh ná gcupadh n-óir, | séad mbuadha nó brat ndonnṡróil, TD 3.7 . seóid bhuadha do bhí san toighsin, 11.33 . bean nar chuir i séad bhuadha brígh, PBocht 2.33 . Metaph. sed buadha ogbhan Eiriond (of a woman), Irish Texts ii 105.10 . s.¤ fine a valuable object belonging to a fine, an heirloom: dobeir Socht [in] luighi corbo sed fine do in claideb, IT iii 201.5 . roraidh in ri gur' s.¤ fine do righraidh Seylam in cloch sin, Marco P. 169 . rocuir . . . a sheotu fine don dun sin dia n-imcoimet, 82 . sed fine na fer sin 'na laim .i. claidim . . . Laiiuis, TTebe 4575 . cuach ríogh Connacht . . . séad fine ós na séadaibh súd, Aithd. D. 9.1 . Fig. iodhbairt an Aifrinn, is é is feidhm di, bheith . . . ina seoid fine ┐ ina comhartha cumainn againn, Eochairsg. 27.26 . a ṡéad fine (of a queen), TD 33.3 . s.¤ flatha a valuable object worthy of a prince : rainic an chloch co C. ┐ doba séd flatha an séd rainic é, Ériu iv 54 § 27 . gan mhac samhla na séad bhflatha, TD 25.23 . s.¤ suirge a love-token : do thinnlaic ben a sed suirghe | d'éd re fer Bruigne Dá Berg, Irish Texts ii 48 § 24 . brégthar ben ré séd suirge, Ériu viii 84.78 . cuiridh bean éduigh eile | seadh nar séduibh suirghine, IGT Decl. ex. 819 . docuir techta leisin cenn cum ingine righ Albun mur sed suirgi `as a token of love' (sending the head of a foe), ZCP vi 275.14 .

tech s.¤ a place in which valuables are kept: scrinire nó fer tige sæt gl. arcarius ciuitatis, Wb. 7c9 . fo teach na sed, CF 417 . do thaisbein sé dhóibh tigh a shéud, Isaiah xxxix 2 . Fig. ar dteach séad (of a poet), TD 25.7 .

Compds. ¤bronntach treasure-bestowing : iomad . . . de shaoithibh saora seod-bhronntacha, GJ iv 17b29 . ¤chomartha a monument, an heirloom : séadchomhartha (translating monumenta) d'fhágbháil dá n-és, Celtica i 96.263 . do hadhnaicthí go honórach é. maille ré séadchomharthaibh suaitheanta do thógbháil ós a chionn, TSh. 5729 . séadchomharthaidhe da ngoirthear i Laidin monumenta, Keat. ii 5055 . atáid . . . re a bhfaicsin i n-Éirinn aniu . . . 'n-a séadchomharthaidhibh ó aimsir na Págántachta iomad de leacaibh róleathna . . ., 5427 . dealg . . . do fhágbhadh gach rí mar shéadchomhartha ag gach rígh thigeadh 'n-a dhiadh, iii 1233 . ¤lón precious food : is he in corp sa s. saídbir na n-íriseach viaticum, LB 251b28 . ¤múr: críoch Mhumhan na séadmhúr sídh `of rich . . . dwellings', Studies 1920, 97 § 1 .