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2 bach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 bach or dil.ie/5088

 

n expld. as intoxication, fury: b.¤ .i. meisci; cēo bacha ōnd fīn, Corm. Y 188. Metr. Gl. 21 § 70. O'Cl. b.¤ .i. dreis nó dasacht, [ut est] b.¤ iar ndithinnred, O'Dav. 207. bag a bacho .i. on dāssacht , O'Mulc. 117. ? Cf. Lat. Bacchus.

dásacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dásacht or dil.ie/14713
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dásachta, dásacht, ndásacht

n ā, f. Madness, fury, panic. g s. dásachta CCath. 786 . d s. dásacht, Wb. 9 b 7 . 28 a 11 . Ml. 34 a 21 . a s. i ndásacht , Ml. 20 b 7 . The noun from which dásacht is probably derived has been lost in Irish. Explained as diṡocht. ní bí i socht. nó dásocht .i. díosacht. ní bí i foisecht acht ó loc do loc iter utmaille ┐ labra, Corm. ad v . It translates Lat. amentia, dementia, furor, rabies.

I Madness, insanity, esp. applied to insanity characterised by wild excitement; also (in animals) rabies, esp. of dogs and bulls. for dásacht mad, insane . dul for dásacht to run mad. rosngab dásacht they have gone mad. duine do chur for dásacht to madden a person. These phrases are used in all senses of dásacht. Often connected with 1 baile, duible, geltacht, míchiall, mire. dásacht nó mire, O'Dav. 628 . aṁail fear baoise nó búainghealtachta lán do dhásacht ┐ do dheirgṁire, TSh. 167.1 . marb imorru do dásacht an Tomrair sin bliadhain si ar nimirt do Bhrénainn miorbhal fair, TFrag. 164. 2 ; 166. 18 . derig a menma mar leoman ar dasacht ac dul fo eallach, RC xix 40. 7 . cuilén con rohailed lais...a dul for duibhle ┐ dásacht uada, FDG 30 (B iv 2). gabait na heilifaint for miri ┐ d.¤ , ZCP i 390. 17 . dam, tarb for dásacht a mad bull, pass.

II The condition of being possessed by a demon, the popular explanation of insanity. tradere huius modi Satanae in interitum carnis ut spiritus salvus sit, gl. aliter is do dásacht asberar a thindnacul sa is tre sodin bid slán á anim som in die domini , Wb. 9 b 7 , where `a thindnacul do dásacht' renders Lat. `tradere Satanae' as in Wb. 28 a 11 : Hymenaeus et Alexander quos tradidi Satanae .i. paenitentiae nó do dásacht. luid demun isin errig...┐ rolín dasacht ┐ mire in ríg cona thimthirigib uli ┐ nolabratís na demna tria nginaib, PH 746 . rothuic Partholon conid demun rochuir in duine for dásacht, PH 1986 . do ṡaigid in apstail arco tíssed do ṡaerad a ingine amal roṡaer in fer bói fri dásacht reme, ib. 1992 . in foirenn roptar cendsa artús rosóitea i lonnus iarum fri hElizár ┐ midset conid for dásacht bói, PH 6563 .

III Imprudence or delusion approaching insanity, madness, extravagant folly; translating amentia, dementia; syn. mí-, dí-chiall. consuetudo est hís...quos in amentiam (gl. i.e. i ndasacht) amaritudo compellit conquæri de Deo , Ml. 20 b 7 . roḟáitbe immorro in pobul cunnail dásacht na foirni se ita a populo sententiae sanioris inrisa (sic leg.) est dementia Todd Lect. v 92 (LB). as mór an ṁíchiall ┐ an dásacht fil forainn bheith as gach tír attír ar fud an doṁain gár marbhadh, TFrag. 160. 6 . is dásacht a ndogníthi si ┐ atbar dásachtaig fén, LB 212 a 10 . is dásacht ┐ ní fellsamdacht, ib. 211 b 12 f.b.

IV Extravagant excitement, wild desire; inspired frenzy, ecstasy; translating furor , Gk. μανία; syn. dreis. eos non proelii necessitate inpelli sed solo furore raptari, gl. .i. ho dasacht, Ml. 34 a 21 . bag a Baccho (sic leg.) .i. ón dassacht , O'Mulc. 117 . bach .i. dreis no d.¤ , O'Dav. 207 . dorn idir dán is dásacht poetic frenzy O'Gr. Cat. 357 . baoi Uilliam Búrc for dásacht ag leanmain an madhma. iadhaid muintir an Chláraigh uime ┐ gabhthar leo é, AFM iii 498. 8 .

V Wild, ungovernable anger, frenzied rage, fury; also a fit or access of such passion; warlike rage . Often connected with such words as 1 ferg, díḟerg, innire, fíchmaire, 1 dechrad, dremun, mire; dísc(i)re, déine, alltacht, borba, garbe.—dreaṁan .i. dásachd mire nó míchiall, O'Cl. gor chreathnaidhtheadar ┐ gor uaṁnaidhtheadar díosgarṡluagh ḟear nÉireann re fúaim a ndeac[h]racht ┐ a ndásacht, TBC-LL¹ 3824 Eg. is annsin lingid dassacht i Piláit then a fit of passion seized P. PH 2818 . tanic Astriages...┐ in uliṡacart aroen fris ┐ demnu oca nimluad ┐ siat for mire ┐ dásacht PH 2160 (cf. II). goro líon dfeircc ┐ dinnire gur bhó súaill ná deachaidh for dásacht, AFM vi 2360.5 . go ngabhann fearg ┐ dásacht an líaigh ris antan bhíos ag diultadh an neith budh maith dhó do ghlacadh, TSh. 229. 15 . dásacht ferga a strengthened ferg: do coṁdhaingnigheadh dásacht tfeirge orm a Dhé, TSh. 116. 28 (= is orumsa choṁnuigheas do dhibhḟearg, Bedel Psalms 88. 8 ). doghabh d.¤ feirge é, Keat. 1064 . cor go bhfillidh an tighearna óna dhásacht feirge ┐ go ttaisbeanuidh grása dhuitsi, Bedel Deuteronomy xiii 17 . dásacht , O'Mulc. 216 , for dásachtach.

VI Harshness, roughness, hardness, inconsiderateness ; the opposite of cennsa, trócaire, trúaige. non parcit medicus ut parcat saevit ut misereatur .i. ní choigleann an líaigh go gcoigleadh. gabhaidh dásacht é go ndearnadh trócaire nó go ngabhadh trúaighe é, TSh. 229. 11 . dásachd roughness HSD.

VII A sudden and excessive feeling of alarm, panic, fear, terror ; often connected with dible, duible, sceóin (a sudden fright), uathbas. go ro memaid do graidib Gaedel scréoin (sic) ┐ sceimnig diallaib ┐ dásacht (v.l. for dophar ┐ for dásacht, Stowe) TBC-LL¹ 3824 . rofostad ésein (sc. Dubdiad) ic dola ar dibla ┐ ar dásacht re huathbas in forgaim sin MR 200. 14 . raghabh dásacht fairenn díobh ┐ aseadh tangattur dionnsoighidh puible Maoilseachlainn. andar leo rab iad a muinntir féin, TFrag. 148. 11 . re mét in deinmni ┐ in dásachta búi forro ic déirgi na cathrach, CCath. 786 . cor cuirset Connachta a nár...┐ con ndechatar drem ar dásacht díb some of them fled in a panic RC xviii 161. 33 . co ndeachadar (na heich) ar d.¤ , SG 68. 12 . ba machtnadh mór ná diccsidís aes uirṁeta ┐ aradha for dreimne ┐ dásacht la coistecht frissna caismertaibh catha, AFM vi 2130. 10 . dairigh me dásacht ghránṁar éigin is pairithis bháis im chnáma sim cheadfadh, Midnight court 949 .

MOD. Obs., but given in most mod. dictionaries : Lhuyd, Coneys, O'R., Dinneen, HSD., Macd.

domne, domnae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. domne, domnae or dil.ie/18141

 

Forms: doimne, dhoimhne

n , f. (domain). Also doimne.

(a) depth, depths: bec do domna diadachta, ACC § 122 Comm. (RC xx). am gáeth im muir ar domni (song of Amirgen), LL 12b39 ( IT iii 61 § 123 ). ? cichsi domni, SG 80.3 (rhet.). cia doimne in abann?, 75.15 . cia doimne na Boindi?, YBL 136a14 . co nach étir in chned cen fis a doimne do legius, PH 7644 . tri traigthe a leithead ┐ a doimhne (of a trench), Laws iv 112.3 . ina airdi . . . ina domna (of a vessel), O'D. 929 ( H 3.17 658a). créd é an leithead . . . ┐ an doimhne, Ephes. iii 8 . maille re fad ┐ re leithne ┐ re duimhne, 23 A 4, 137.3 . doimhne ┐ arde ifrend, Lec. 346b46 . domni ifrind omon leam I dread the depth of hell, 347a20 . tre grein do beth a ndoimne because the sun is low (i.e. in January), 23 P 10, 22b6 . (Of a disease) teit se a ndoimne na mball mar doracad tarrngi goes deep into the limbs like a nail, 58.4 . (Of serpents and their bite) in tan tét a ndoimne na mball gabaid dassacht cuga, 24 B 3, 2.14 . da seachnadh na súile an tshoillsi ┐ a mbeith . . . ag dol a ndoimhni receding, 23 K 42, 190.15 . (Of salt in bread) furtachtaighe int uisci chum dul a ndoimhne it helps the water to penetrate (the bread), 3 C 19, 17ra28 . sa lobra . . . ata in tadhbhur a ndoimhne ni is mó in leprosy the (malignant) matter goes deeper, 38va31 . gach méid uíd a ndoimhni is misdi iad (of wounds), 111vb13 . a náit clochaidh mar nach raibh doimhne thalmhan aige depth of soil, Mark iv 5 . créd é doimhne shaidhbhris eagna ┐ eólais Dé, Romans xi 33 . an mhéid . . . dá nach feas doimhne Shatain, Rev. ii 24 . ar dhoimhne a bfis profundity of their knowledge, Content. xviii § 88 . ba haithnid dō doibne ┐ geri inntlechta na mban, Grail 3187 . da bhfaictheá duine ag filledh ó ath ar a dhuibhne on account of its depth, Mac Aingil 142.5 . cech doimhne noroisidh an t-adhnacul the deeper, ZCP viii 560.1 .

Depths, deeps (s. and pl.): moluidh an Tighearna . . . a dhragúna ┐ a uile dhoimhne , Psalms cxlviii 7 . dobhérair suás mé ó dhoimhne na talmhan, lxxi 20 . na gaetha ag seidedh na fairgi a ndoimne stirring the sea from its depths, 23 P 10, 16b29 . in muir d'imthecht tar a doimhnib, SG 242.10 . Of night: na feacadar samhuil . . . do doimhne ná do dhoishininn na hoidhche sin riamh such a night for gloom and storm, Celt. Rev. x 134.14 .

(b) Perh. base (of an erection, etc.); bottom (of vat or vessel) in the follg.: (of an earthwork?) dá traig .x. . . . a domna[e] its base, Críth G. 569 . da traig .x. lethet a bél ┐ a domnai, 571 . domna .i. mas ut est leth lethat a beoil dia domna .i. a lethid a mais tís, O'Dav. 680 . But all three exx. could also be referred to (a).

dremna(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dremna(e) or dil.ie/18633

 

Forms: dreimne, dremnu, dremniu, dreimni, ndremhna, dremnib, dremni

Also dreimne. n , f. (dremun) ( tria dremnu , SR 8138 and for dremniu , BDD § 44 are prob. to be taken as a pl. of dremun). dreimni, IGT Abstr. Nouns § 117 . Fury, raging, madness: in duinoirgnid co ndremnai, SR 8346 , cf. 8282 . i ndremni in drecain, TBC-LL¹ 3796 . ri dremna ṅdírma, 5068 . do dul ar dreimne, Mer. Uil. 81 . ba machtnadh mór na diccsidís for dreimne ┐ dássacht , AFM vi 2130.10 . romáidesdar dá ngroigib . . . for dreimne ┐ dásacht `their horses were distracted and frenzied', SG 322.10 . mnā co ndreamna, ZCP x 343.20 . cen dremna ndord, Lec. 607a47 . ? Attrib. g s. tre ghníomh ndremhna , ITS v 10.6 . sab dūire dremna, O'Dav. 596.1423 . pl. im dremnib , TBC-LL¹ 4965 (rhet.) = im druimne, TBC-I¹ 3077 . In chevilles: dremne drend, Metr. Dinds. ii 72 = dremni, RC ii 88.8 . dreimnibh dreann, Acall. 1280 . dremne gal, Metr. Dinds. iii 224.21 ; Acall. 2508 . gāir co ndremna, Anecd. i 54 § 28 . reim co ndreamnai, Lec. 39b1 .

In n.loc.: Cul Dremni, LL 141a2 ; see Hog. Onom. s.v. Dreimne . Latinized Drebinae (gen.), Thes. ii 272.8 .

lingid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lingid or dil.ie/30262

 

Forms: lingis, lengait, lingit, lengtae, leangair, ling, linged, lis, condribuilsed, ribuilsed, lestais, liblait, lilestai, lilasta, [l]eblaing, -lebruing, roleblaing, lebling, radreblaing, reablaing, rosleblengadar, lebhlingssetar, -raeblangtár, léim, linged, lingemain, lingthe, léim

v see Celtica iv 100 . Ind. pres. 3 s. l.¤ , Thes. ii 15.8 . -líng, Laws iv 108.11 . -linge (?), AFM i 302.16 . 3 s. rel. lingis, ZCP vi 265 § 15. 3 pl. lengait, TFrag. 116.14 . lingit, AFM iii 132.2 . 3 pl. rel. lengtae, Ml. 129c20 . Pass. leangair, Magauran 160 . Ipv. 2 s. ling, Aithd. D. 70.1 . Impf. 3 s. no linged , LU 8932 , 9138 ( FB 70 , 88 ). Subj. pres. 2 s. lis, O'Dav. 1167 (see below). rel. lias, Ml. 33c8 . Subj. impf. 3 s. condribuilsed, TBC-I¹ 737 = co ribuilsed , LU 5215 (see Stories fr. Táin, Gloss.). 3 pl. forsa lestais , TBC-I¹ 3451. ? Fut. 3 pl. liblait, 3448 . Condit. pass. 3 s. lilestai, LU 5326 = lilasta, TBC-LL¹ 1513. Pret. and perf. 3 s. [l]eblaing, Fianaig. 12 § 17. -lebruing (with dissimilation), Laws i 24.27 . roleblaing, Fél. Mar. 5 . ro lebling , LU 8932 ( FB 70 ). radreblaing, LL 238a40 ( TTr. 1589 ). do reablaing , Comp. CC 104.7 . 3 pl. rosleblengadar, SG ii 466.z . ro lebhlingssetar , O'Dav. 819. -raeblangtár, LU 8262 ( FB 20 ). Later with s-pret. Vn. léim, later also linged, lingemain. IGT Verbs § 76. Vbl. of necess. lingthe.

I Trans.

(a) leaps, jumps . Frequently with cognate accus. léim leaps a leap : liblait arrem they will leap to their ranks, TBC-I¹ 3448 . arna dechsad nech seccai condribuilsed eirr oencharpait `till a warrior should leap it (the trunk or stump of a tree) with one chariot' (Faraday), TBC-I¹ 737 (cf. LU 5215 ). ro lingestar leim, MR 234.2 . leim ni rolṅgaim (with ro of possibility), RC xxv 24.1 . With lúth d'a lingfeadh `any athletic feat he might attempt', Ériu iv 218 § 23. With other objects leaps over: roling [Conall] an gleann dia naimdheoin, ZCP xiv 263.8 . ise do ling Luachair Deadhaidh do thri léimendaibh, Mart. Don. June 17 . in luadi . . . ro ling cach docair, Cog. 160.10 . The terminus ad quem of leap may be direct object: roleblaing . . . ríasna conoib in loch `it sprang into the lake', Dinds. 74 . roling C. in carpat `C. leaped into the chariot', RC iii 176.2 . antan do lingthidhe é ro chaoladh `when it was leapt upon' (a bridge), RC xxix 118 § 16 . uair rod leblaing a lon laith his flame of valour has sprung [upon him?], LU 5916 ( TBC-I¹ 1449 ) ( intan nolinged a lon laith ind, LU 5917 ). lis .i. lingi, ut est ni fuatais ni forlis, O'Dav. 1167 (abstracted from forlis pres. subj. 2 s. of for-ling?).

(b) attacks, overpowers : go ro lingeadh an laochmhilidh dia díbh leithibh, AFM v 1826.2 . tug R. / . . . aighidh ar an lucht rosling, Studies 1919, 256 § 3 . ro ling, ro lomair, ro ledoir . . . Gullu, Cog. 138.1 . asé sin lingfes na fir / ┐ millfes na Breifnigh `spring upon', BNnÉ 254.19 . do lingis an lucht rotheilg, DDána 84.22 . lingthear leis lucht an bheatha, TD 13.161 . Note also: Tlachtga ingen Moga . . . rosleblengadar meic Símóin violated. SG ii 466.z = fordosreiblengadar, 40 . forda roeblemgatar, BB 406b2 .

Of fortified places, towns, territories: takes by storm, captures, conquers: terc rí nach lingfedh Lochlainn, Caithr. Thoirdh. 60.16 . ní lingfidhir títhe cláir Chraoi Chonchobhair, DDána 109.19 . móirsheiser laoch lingios troid `that take a fight by storm', O'Gr. Cat. 502.14 . Clár Té do lingsion tar lear `conquered', O'Hara 235 . dá lár do lingeadh an Traoi, DDána 86.13 . ? ní ling rí an ghnaoisin do-ghabh, Magauran 2045 (see n. 0 ).

Fig.: lingther do smuaintigib éxamla a chride, PH 7728. lingid uilc as othor-luit, / . . . síol . . . ó nÚghoine, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 17 § 21 .

II Intrans.

(a) leaps, jumps, rushes : ro leblaing a luan laith, LU 8370 ( FB § 25 ) (cf. LU 5916 quoted above). [l]eblaing Fercorb, Fianaig. 12 § 17 . lingfid na cineadhacha amhuil buaidhreadh móráin uisgeadh, Isaiah xvii 13. Of rivers, lakes, erupts: gur mhuidh loch gur ling abhainn, Content. iv 24. an tan do clasadh feart Ainninn, is ann do ling Loch Ainninn, Keat. i 176.35 . do ling an Tigerna isteach, Ériu iv 118 § 29 . adubhairt . . . go lingfeadh an teagh isteach . . . do chongnamh dhóibh `would rush into the house', Keat. iii 2838 . lingit amach, MR 22.11 .

(b) With prepp. With A: lingiustar in lann . . . as a altaib, MR 300.7 . lingis a spiorat anma ass (of a swift death), BNnÉ 53.y . do ling sruth uiscci . . . asan adnacul, Maund. 36. With co: lingthi Mac Da Cherda co sudib, Ériu v 28.7 . With DI: do bharr dhúin gur lingedh let, L. Cl. A. B. 239.76 . do lingeadh do theinidh na carthanachda, Rial. S.F. 50. With DO: co raeblangtár ind laith gaile dia n-gaisciud, LU 8262 ( FB 20 ). With FO: ni ro linge tú fúithi (of taking distress), Laws i 286.11 Comm . lingid lucht na Siria fótha . . . d'á n-óirleach `fall on them', Keat. i 204.31 . sgartar re celi a cnamha . . . / lingther fa lerganaibh cliabh, / iat ar delgānaib drochphean (of tortures of the damned), ZCP xxi 389.25 . do lingeadar ocht locha fó thír i nÉirinn i bhflaitheas Éireamhóin, Keat. ii 1676 . With FOR (AR): ling ar mo theangaidh, a Thríonóid alight upon my tongue, Aithd. D. 70.1 . do ling crioth ┐ uamhan oram, TSh. 4179 . rolingestar air na tigri. TTebe 2773 . súil mhillte . . . / más ar dheighfher lingther lé if it lights on, L. Cl. A. B. 266.26 . Fig. gach amhgar oile lingeas orra, TSh. 517 . dar lingead an táth fair `where they crossed the ford in despite of him', AFM iii 574.6 (see 1 for). ro ling fora ech, Grail 635 . fot forsa lestais forsa sestais over which they should bound, on which they should sit, TBC-I¹ 3451. Of deeds sets about, engages in: gur lingeadar Éireannaigh ar chogadh ┐ ar choinbhliocht do bheith idir gach dá chrích dhíobh, Keat. i 66.12 . an ti . . . lingus ar na lochtaibh, TSh. 9193. With I: ro ling isin carput, Sc.M² 20 . Of surge of emotion: l.¤ dassacht i P., PH 2818 . gur lingeadar an dá chléith . . . a g-ċeann aroile, ML 86.1 . With ó: do lingsead an éanlaith uaidh, TSh. 3590. With RE: do ling long Ír rompa i bhfad, Content. xxviii 30. With TAR jumps over, crosses (of barrier), overcomes (of persons): roth[r]ascair na trénmíledu, ┐ roling darna laechu, TTr.² 1076 . lingidsom . . . tarsin fidchill i ndegaid ind nónbair, LU 4887 ( TBC-I¹ 400 ). roleblaing . . . / a clú tar sál sairde `has sprung over the eastern sea'. Fél. Mar. 5 . Of omission in calculation: lingidsem tar áes ṅesci beos ar chumbri, BCr. 31c8 . lingidh suas tar `outstrips' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 802.