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Corinti

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Corinti or dil.ie/12476

 

Forms: acorintib

n pl. io, m. (Lat. loanword) Corinthians : décce lat corintiu, Wb. 10c20 . acorintib gl. á falsis ápostolís quidam, being Corinthians, 7c18 (see n.). dochorintib, 16d7 .

deca

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deca or dil.ie/14853

 

adj et dominicus festi pascalis dies lunae .xx. est, gl. decaóluan dus in fír, Thes. ii 41. 6 .—Not for décce . Rather a Gk. ἁπ. λεγ = †décha (i.e. dé-cha, cf. de-ac) twenty , cf. trícha.

Deicce

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Deicce or dil.ie/15111

 

Forms: Decce, Déice

n.pr. io, m. Decce , LL 325a6 . g s., 25 . Déice g s., 336g37 .

do-éccai

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-éccai or dil.ie/17520

 

Forms: domfecisi, décce, déiccesiu, deicci, déca, décca, décad, decad, décith, décaid, décidsi, déccid, déccu, doréccu, decim, déice, donn-éicci, doécai, da-n-écai, doséccai, da-n-eici, dosnécce, doḟécai, doféccai, doféce, ní déci, non-déca, décaid, doecet, defécet, ndonécad, du-sn-éced, doécitis, ndoecius, ndercar, ndadercaither-su, denecaither-su, do-n-échnagtar, donḟechutar, dercither, nomdercædar, decamar, nodécced, do-n-écucus-sa, duéci(gi)gi, ndercachad, doreccacha, do-recacha, derecacha, doreccacha, dosnécacha, danecachae, forrécacha, -derecaigi, condadercacha, condercachai, condercachae, rodéc, rodéccai, doréice, condofecca, deiccis, dorecachtar, dorecatar, do-sn-éctar, doécastar, duécastar, deccastar, dechastair, tecasta, déicsiu

v (* dí-in-ci-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 489 ) Ipv. 2 s. domfecisi, LU 1503 . décce , Wb. 10c20 . déiccesiu, 31b19 . deicci, Corm. Y 512 ; LL 286a33 . déca, TBC-I¹ 55 . décca, 3101 . 3 s. décad, Wb. 18b6 . na decad , 23c16 . 2 pl. décith, Wb. 20c18 . décaid, Ml. 55c1 ; TBC-I¹ 1463 . décidsi, LU 1470 . déccid, Metr. Dinds. ii 36 . Indic. pres. 1 s. ni déccu , Wb. 24a13 . doréccu (perfective), LL 49b15 . decim, LL 186b7 ( RC xxvi 14 § 3 ) (?). 2 s. nach déice , ZCP viii 218 . 3 s. donn-éicci, Wb. 9a4 . doécai, Ml. 61a8 . da-n-écai, TBC-I¹ 1511 . doséccai, 1586 . da-n-eici, 2770 . dosnécce, 41 ; Corm. Y 149 . doḟécai, LU 1706 . doféccai, LL 122b10 . doféce, ZCP xi 93 § 22 . ní déci, Ml. 69a16 . non-déca, Anecd. ii 12 . 2 pl. cid na décaid , Fél. Prol. 201 . 3 pl. doecet, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 91 ) = defécet, Ha. 5280 (p. ix) . Impf. 3 s. a ndonécad , Imr. Brain 2 . du-sn-éced, 61 . 3 pl. doécitis, ib.

Subj. pres. (some of the perfective forms may belong to 1 dercaid, q.v.) 1 s.? co ndoecius , RC xii 100 . co ndercar , TBFr. 321 . 2 s. (dep.) dia ndadercaither-su , Ml. 102b10 . denecaither-su (= donec.), 73c11 . cia do-n-échnagtar , SG 78.10 Eg. = donḟechutar, LB 260b30 . ni dercither , Ériu i 200 . 3 s. nomdercædar, Hy. vii 66 (rodomdecadar, v.l.). 1 pl. mani decamar , Sg. 26b9 . Impf. 3 s. nodécced, Metr. Dinds. iii 28 . Fut. 1 s. do-n-écucus-sa, LU 1490 (= donecuchus-sa, 1431 ). 3 s. duéci(gi)gi, Ml. 111c31 . Condit. 3 s. nácha ndercachad , LU 1537 . Pret. and perf. 1 s. doreccacha, TBC-I¹ 3109 . 3 s. do-recacha, LU 9758 . BDD 109 . derecacha, RC xii 100 . doreccacha, TBC-I¹ 3107 . dosnécacha, LU 1715 . danecachae, RC xi 446 ( LL 117a ). forrécacha, TBC-LL¹ 215 ( forréccaig, 5041 ). -derecaigi, Irish Texts i 13 § 40 (sic MS., see Ir. Hist. Stud. i 352 ). condadercacha, BDD 71 . condercachai, 6 . condercachae, IT ii 181.11 . rodéc, SR 6685 . rodéccai (perfective pres.?), 1069 . doréice, LL 231b1 . condofecca, BB 398a1 . deiccis, LL 34a41 . 3 pl. dorecachtar, Ml. 53b11 . dorecatar, 53d17 .

Pass pres. pl. do-sn-éctar, ACL iii 298 . Subj. pres. s. doécastar, Sg. 188a6 . duécastar, Ardm. 17a2 ( Thes. ii 239 ). deccastar, Trip.² 2537 . dechastair, Cog. 154.21 .

? Vbl. of necess. ar dered lai is tecasta `will be seen', Cog. 190.15 .

Vn. déicsiu.

Looks at, beholds, sees: gl. vidēre, Wb. 20c18 , aspicere, Ml. 102b10 . respicere, 73c11 .

(a) Trans. with accus.: Crist hi cech rusc nomdercædar, Hy. vii 66 ( Thes. ii 358 ). do-nn-éicci súil sochude beholds us, Wb. 9a4 . domrecacha súil féig, BDD 109 . dos-eccai Medb a ndis gazes at the pair of them, TBC-I¹ 1586 . doḟécai B. na firu, RC ix 476 ( LU 1706 ). tocaib mo malaig . . . co ndoecius an fer, RC xii 100 . nach fer díb do-n-écucus-sa, at-bélat a béoil, MU² 976 . dia nda-dercaithersu, atbēlat som gl. si eos aspicias, Ml. 102b10 . meilid [in file] smit ind aue . . . ┐ doecce (doécci, LB) in duine, Corm. Y 149 (`dies', Corm. Tr. s.v. bri ). nís-n-aiccilled . . . acht dusn-éced nammá, Imr. Brain § 61 . da-n-éci co anmín looks at him, LL 117b27 . do-sn-écacha talmaidiu, RC ix 478 . arnácha ndercachad a hernochta, MU² 1042 . ō do-sn-éc(h)tar ina ndālaib when they are seen in their assemblies, ACL iii 298 . doreccacha uaim in mag, TBC-I¹ 3109 , cf. 3107 . condercachæ huath in n-inis, IT ii1 181 . doféccai secha a gabair, LL 112b10 ( RC iii 184 ). no-s-déccai in rí sechae, 282b21 ( GJ iv 216 ). Transf. of mental action: décith anroscribius dúib, Wb. 20c18 . mani decamar sain-folad cacha rainne gl. nisi . . . attendamus, Sg. 26b9 . With subord. clause as obj.: ní déci as nDia . . ., Ml. 69a16 . intí duécigi is ar trocairi . . ., 111c13 . doécastar imbí hinun . . . it shall be seen whether, Sg. 188a6 . duécastar dús in étar . . ., Ardm. 17a2 ( Thes. ii 239 ). ? deccastar nach ordnidi | dia chined, Trip.² 2537 . In ipv. somet. with LA + refl. pron. (cf. similar use with déchaid, fégaid): décce lat Corintiu et genti, Wb. 10c20 . dúnta for nduan décid lib consider the closing of your poems, Auraic. 2183 . With DO + pron. expressing dat. ethicus: décaid dún a m-maig survey the plain for us, TBC-I¹ 1463 . décai damsa cobbia mo ḟechtus see how my hosting will turn out, 41 . déca dúnd indat . . ., 3101 .

(b) Intrans. looks, gazes: ní déccu darmm' ési I look not behind me, Wb. 24a13 . a ndonécad tar a éissi, Imr. Brain § 2 . doécai ind inmedónach gl. introspicit, Ml. 61a8 . dorecacha Patraic dochum nimi, RC vi 164 . rodéc suas sech in mbrat, Ériu iv 104 . ni ḟail nodécced dia lár there is none who could look to its bottom, Metr. Dinds. iii 28 . Folld. by FOR: co ndercachai forsin forless, BDD 6 . forrécacha Medb furri, TBC-LL¹ 215 . ba degrach rodéc immach . . . forsin ríg, SR 6685 . matan cetshamain i Maenmaig acht na radeicci for Darmag `but so that he goes not over' (lit. provided he does not look at? Prerogative of k. of Connacht), Leb. Cert. 4 ( Lec. 371a43 ). Folld. by I N- in sense of fris-acci hopes in: is in Dia dorecatar, ní intiu fesin, Ml. 53d17 ; 53b11 .

do-icc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-icc or dil.ie/17788
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: condid-ticci, tici-siu, do-da-ic, to-t-ic, tic, to-nn-ecad, do-s-ecat, tecait, ticed, doticed, tictis, thictis, toi-n-ictis, ticed, to-n-iced, do-m-icced, tecat, tis[s]a, tíos, tiu-sa, tís, go tis-[s]iu, tís, tisi, do-mm-, tí, tísam, tissaid, do-t-ísat, nacha-tísat, tíssat, ndon-tisat, tisor, tísir-siu, tissain, do-da-íssed, do-n-ised, do-m-issed, tised, thised, condid-tísed, condísed, contísed, tismais, tistai, do-m-istais, do-n-ístais, doristis, tístis, ticabh, ticub, do-sn-icfa, do-nd-iccfa, to-t-icfa, ticfea, ticfe, ticfai, du-nd-icfet, ticfat, ticfait, ticfaind, do-n-icfad, ticfed, du-nd-icfitis, tiuc-, tiucfad, tánac, rotanac-sa, do-ndn-anac, to-nn-anac, tánac, do-m-anicc, du-nn-ánic, du-da-ánaic, tánicc, nin-tánicc, tanaic, nín-tanic, condanicc, tánic, táinic, donfáncid, donangid, tancaibair, do-m-ancadar, du-sn-ancatar, táncatar, dom-ranic, dosranic, damrancadar, tecar, tecar, tecar, tístar, tistar, tísta, thíosta, ticht, tohét, tíchtu, tiacht, techt, da-fic, doficc, do-ficced, do-ficfe, dobarficfa, toficfat, ficfit, dofánic, dosfánic, donfáncid, dosfangator, do-s-físta, rasfecgat, tangus, tánacais, tanacais-[s]iu, ticcis, tigis, dodsisigh, ticsidh, ticsead, tigsed, co-ndn-icsitis, ticc-, tig-, dosfístá

v (* to-icc-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 557 ). Indic. pres. 2 s. condid-ticci, Wb. 24b5 . tici-siu, TBC-I¹ 2610 . 3 s. do-da-ic, Ml. 123d3 . to-t-ic, Fél. May 25 . tic, SR 8117 , etc. 3 pl. to-nn-ecad, TBC-I¹ 475 . do-s-ecat, Lec. 85b1 . (Mid.Ir. tecat, tecait.) Impf. 3 s. ní ticed , Ml. 41d9 . doticed, SR 1116 . 3 pl. tictis, TBC-I¹ 1432 (LU). do thictis , SR 1120 . toi-n-ictis, BB 39a22 . Ipv. 3 s. ticed, LU 3660 ( SCC § 32 ). to-n-iced, TBC-I¹ 1061 ; do-m-icced, etc. 3 pl. tecat, TBC-I¹ 1402 (LU).

Subj. pres. 1 s. co tis[s]a , TBC-I¹ 938 . tíos, Lism. L. 2297 . co tiu-sa , PH 997 . 2 s. tís, TBC-LL¹ 1860 . go tis-[s]iu, 5979 . acht co tís , RC iii 181.14 . Mid.Ir. mina tisi , Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40 . 3 s. do-mm-, Fél. Ep. 561 . co tí , Wb. 8d25 , Ml. 26a5 . 1 pl. ara tísam , TBC-I¹ 25 . 2 pl. tan tissaid , SR 3501 . 3 pl. cé do-t-ísat , Ériu i 198 § 17 . ar nacha-tísat , Wb. 17d10 . co tíssat , Hy. ii 36 . co ndon-tisat , TBC-I¹ 3066 . In Mid.Ir. often depon. in 1 and 2 s.: co tisor , TBC-I¹ 939 , Lism. L. 2315 . na tísir-siu , LL 262b28 . Impf. 1 s. co tissain , SR 1814 . 3 s. do-da-íssed, Ml. 39c15 . do-n-ised, TBC-I¹ 925 (LU). cia do-m-issed , 1728 . tised, Wb. 27c8 . mani thised , 4c15 . condid-tísed, 21a1 . condísed, 25a6 . contísed, Thes. ii 242.6 (Ardm.). do-r-issed, Corm. s.v. leithech (LB). 1 pl. tismais, TBC-I¹ 2357 . 2 pl. dia tistai , TBC-LL¹ 590 . 3 pl. do-m-istais, TBC-I¹ 2832 . do-n-ístais, Ériu i 114 § 3 . ? doristis, TTr.² 692 . tístis. Fut. 1 s. ticabh, Lism. L. 2299 . ticub, Ériu vii 229.11 , AFM i 308 (poem). 3 s. do-sn-icfa, Wb. 5c5 . do-nd-iccfa, 29c4 . to-t-icfa, SR 6855 . ticfea, Wb. 4d6 . ticfe, SR 8103 . ticfai, IT i 20.28 (LB). 3 pl. du-nd-icfet, Ml. 19b11 . ticfat, SR 8037 etc. ticfait, 8129 . Condit. 1 s. ní ticfaind , TBC-I¹ 2504 . 3 s. do-n-icfad, Wb. 21a3 . nad ticfed , Ml. 46a19 . 3 pl. du-nd-icfitis, 68a1 . In later lang. the stem tiuc- commonly occurs in fut. tiucfad (1 s.), TE 9 (Eg.).

Pret. and Perf. 1 s. tánac, SR 1684 , cf. 1695 . rotanac-sa, IT i 102.22 . 2 s. do-ndn-anac, TBC-I¹ 1613 (YBL) = to-nn-anac, (LU). tánac, 485 . 3 s. do-m-anicc, Wb. 12c9 . du-nn-ánic, 25a21 . du-da-ánaic, Ml. 123c3 . tánicc, Wb. 30d11 . nin-tánicc, 1d1 . tanaic, Ml. 35d1 . nín-tanic, 14d4 . condanicc, Wb. 3c27 . Mid.Ir. tánic, táinic. 2 pl. donfáncid, LU 1451 . donangid, 1452 . tancaibair, 2328 . 3 pl. do-m-ancadar, TBC-I¹ 2807 , du-sn-ancatar, 832 . táncatar. With -ro-: dom-ranic, TBC-I¹ 2787 . dosranic, ZCP xi 110 § 32 . damrancadar, TBC-I¹ 2850 . Pass. (s. only) ipv. na tecar , TBC-LL¹ 1767 . Pres. tecar, ni tecar , Laws , etc. Subj. pres. co tístar , Moling 71 . na tistar , RC iii 185.4 . Impf. tísta; muna thíosta , AFM vi 1918 . Pret. and perf. ticht (tohét, v.l.) . . . o Ch. i ndiaid mac mB., Cymmr. xiv 110 § 10 (see ZCP xviii 326 ). -tícht, Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 56 § 22 . Vn. tíchtu, tiacht, etc. Later also techt.

Mid.Ir. deuterotonic forms with inorganic -f-: da-fic, TBC-I¹ 561 LU = doficc, YBL; impf. do-ficced; fut. do-ficfe, TBC-I¹ 203 . dobarficfa, SG 376.9 . toficfat, TBC-I¹ 1077 (LU). ficfit, 171 ; pret. dofánic, TBC-I¹ 1778 (LU). dosfánic, SR 1687 . donfáncid, LU 1451 . dosfangator, Hugh Roe 300.4 (donangatar, 5). Pass. subj. impf. do-s-físta, TBC-LL¹ 2818 . Cf. also: rasfecgat (= do-s-ecat), TBC-LL¹ 5088 ( LL 96a47 ).

With s- forms in pret. and perf.: 1 s. tangus. 2 s. tánacais, TBC-I¹ 2415 . tanacais-[s]iu, IT i 102.23 . Also 3 s. ticcis, tigis, e.g. Fl. Earls 32.22 , 46.1 , 78.14 .

The follg. subj. forms are perhaps due to contamination with -dichs-, prototonic stem of do-cóis- (tiagu): Pres. 3 s. dodsisigh . . . ticsidh , Ériu v 156 , 174 . Impf. 3 s. ticsead, Lec. 347a51 ; 342b22 . ara tigsed , 191b30 . 3 pl. co-ndn-icsitis, Lat. Lives 49 . In late Mid.Ir. subj. is often formed from stem ticc-, tig-.

I In O.Ir. usually with direct object (freq. an infixed pron. in accus.) comes to, approaches, denoting motion (physical or figurative).

(a) With pers. obj.: do-ss-icc seigh mar don muir, Anecd. i 70 . to-t-ic (do tic, v.l.) féil Iohannis, Fél. May 25 . ní ticed scís mo chnamai cid dian . . . nothéisinn, Ml. 41d9 . doticfa diliu trom, SR 2442 . toticfa dígal, 6855 . doforficfa foirit[h]in help will come to you, CCath. 3579 . dobicfat (doforfiucfad, v.l.) anbthine móra, Ériu ii 196 . túatha hÉrenn tairchantais | do-sn-icfed sídflaith núae, Hy. ii 19 . is ed rochreti cách duibsi . . . nachabticfed for rí, Ml. 46a14 . dommí co ndegairdib . . . mo c[h]ara cain may my friend come to me, ACL iii 221 . Michel uasal . . . doti for cech cái, Anecd. ii 52 . nachamthí bét nā bini, Ériu ii 92 . guidim-si . . . nachasti nach plāigh, Anecd. ii 34 . nām thí garga fri sluagh nArda may no resentment against . . . come to me, ACL iii 297 . cé do tísat morgressa, Ériu i 198 . co ndontisat a ndá trichaid cēt sin, TBC-I¹ 3066 . ma(i) domised-sa com thech | hua Mescain should come to me to my house, AU 617 . nicon fil frithorcain nachamthísed-sa, Ml. 107b8 . co nam tísad congain cride, ZCP v 497 . menim-thistais écne, Ériu v 210 . domanic ben maethainech, TBC-I¹ 2789 . isé ceta-domthanic who was the first to come to me, 2794 . boi C. ina otharligiu andside conatatanicc Senoll, 2735 . tainic anbthine mór a cobhlach, CCath. 162 . bennacht for cach donancamar everyone we have come to, Anecd. i 11 . tabraid far mbennachtain forsin flaith do-n-fáncid the prince to whom you have come, MU² 925 . dosfancadar uilc mora, CCath. 313 .

Rare in pass.: dammad ar galaib óenfir dosfístá Oengus, TBC-LL¹ 2818 (= do hionnsochtai, St.).

do-m-icc comes to me in sense of I getfrom): is deolaid a trian tic fer mbunaid the third which the original owner gets, Laws iv 180 . a trian tic na flaithi, Ériu i 214 . tomiced biad cach n-oen-aichde uaidib let them send me food, TBC-I¹ 1061 . do-micced mo dlighedh let me have my right, Laws i 82 Comm. domiced claideb úaib give me a sword, TBFr. 229 . ni-n-tiucba a ndonfarnic arráir we shall not get what we got last night, RC x 66 . minab samlaid thēis, roticfa (for rot-t.) cloch huaimse isin tailm, TBC-I¹ 795 . día tísat eóin Mag M . . . . duticfat thou shalt have them, LU 3272 ( SCC § 6 ). ingaib ifern . . . rothí (= rotthí) nem so shalt thou gain heaven, ZCP vi 265 . acht co nomthi oen-poicc (for oen pócc?) duit provided I get a kiss from you, RC xxiv 198 . con-nachamthised uait acht oen-lám that thou shouldst use only one hand against me, RC iii 184 . bid fō lim tomissed comardha n-uait that thou shouldst send me a token, TBC-I¹ 925 . ara tisad a fīr cāch everyone should get his right, Laws i 152 . maic bic . . . resíu tosni a aicneth (= priusquam impellat natura), Ériu vii 144 . cuman lim amal domáinic labrad how I learned to speak, Imr. Brain ii 293 . co namthí techt do nemdaib till I gain entrance to heaven, Ériu vi 115 . Cf. also: Buarannach mac E. a síth L. domanaicsea I am B. from the fairy-mound of L., MacCongl. 75 (replacing atom-comnaicc, see 1 ad-cumaing).

(b) With obj. denoting place, destination, aim: hi ngrellig donnicc echrad rig to which the horses of a king come, TBC-I¹ 3545 . ba fornocht talam eturru ┐ daneccad hUlaid re fuined ngrēne reach it, TBC-I¹ 3418 . in tan tanic in ṁBruig ṁbúain, Ériu vii 223 . mac is amru tánic Laigniu riam, RC xiii 373 . do neoch nā toracht ┐ nā tanic an dunad, TBC-I¹ 3409 . tancatar a tech, Hy. v 53 . co tancatar Temraig, RC iii 182 . ? cén co tisam dutracht lind though we achieve not our desire, SG 45 .

co ticci till thou comest (to): condid-ticci till thou comest to it, Wb. 24b5 . rob áil damsa do dula-su co tici fail i fil Emer, TBC-I¹ 2425 . settai mná Ulad uli co nomthici-sea till thou comest to me, i.e. except me, FB § 24 . Usually as prepositional phr. as far as, up to, till: focheird C. tri bidgu ina ndiaid cotici in n-ath, TBC-I¹ 1324 . co tici Ath Da Fertai, 2135 . co ticci a dorn, 3163 . do sárluag . . . co tici do chutrommae up to thy full value (weight), TE 13 (LU). dochoid-si . . . codicce Dun S., TBC-I¹ 1317 . táinicc Brian hi Midhe co ticci Loch nA., AFM ii 728 . Cf. mod. gonuige up to, as far as, and co tí under II (a) infra.

II In Mid.Ir. and later lang. usually intrans. comes . So occasionally in O.Ir. glosses, e.g. Wb. 27c8 , 30d11 , Ml. 46a19 , and in the phrase co tí, Wb. 8d25 , 26a5 , 11 , Ml. 26a5 ; more freq. the obj. (person or destination) is replaced by a neut. infixed pron. inna persine dodiccfa, Wb. 29c4 . condid-tísed ind aimser, 21a1 . ciasidfiadat-som dundicfet in[na] fochaidi, Ml. 19b11 . ind aimsir dundicfitis Assair, 68a1 . So in the follg. exx.: fri snadud neich dodisad co n-airchetul who should come with poetry, TBC-I¹ 594 (YBL). is bráth fri bidbadu dodanic ann, 3192 . in laech dodanic, 3205 , cf. 3214 , 3216 . ba hé Cáilte dodánic, Imr. Brain i 48 . is bruthmar a bara in chaurad dadanig and, TBC-I¹ 3277 . is leth gliad dandanic (= dond.) and, 3252 . fíad ind óclaig dundánic, Imr. Brain i 47 . ar cind cach tascuir dodanic, Laws i 48 Comm. The freq. use of and thither, there in combination with this infixed pron. shows that the force of the latter was early lost. The orig. trans. construction leaves its trace further in Mid.Ir. and even later in the freq. occurrence of a nugatory infixed obj. pron.: dafic C. chucu, TBC-I¹ 561 (LU = doficc, YBL). nostic immach he comes forth, Ériu iv 100 (ergid, v.l.). dusfic Eoin gusin gcuid oile do na hapstaloibh, Fl. Earls 116 . a hArd C. dusfánaicc go Cenel Conaill, Hy Fiach. 76 . nostecat 'na ndáil, Ériu iv 106 . dusficceat darsna múraibh, AFM vi 2214 .

(a) In lit. sense: lion ticcthi tar tuile theinn as many of you as come, BS 20 . na fir-sea thecait anair who come from the east, Imr. Brain ii 288 . cech slamsrúam thened doniged ina bél asa brágit, TBC-I¹ 1947 . do choistecht fri timna | tictis isna sabbóteib, SR 4596 . doticdis na bāi . . . for ingeilt . . . a crich Dal R., Corm. Y 585 . dia tí iall i mag, TBC-I¹ 1168 . ticfa tálcend dar muir, Hy. ii 21 Comm. ( Thes. ii 314 ). muna dtíosadh aingeal Dé do nimh, Ériu i 91 . intan tíos aríss when I come back, Lism. L. 2297 . mina ticte-sa beo tar h'ais if you should not come back alive, ZCP vi 82 . ticfat a cind da colaind they shall lose their heads, CRR 22 . co tanic a inchind fora chluasa, TBC-I¹ 810 . fada ód' thír tangais alle, BS 58 . robá i ngalar ┐ tancabair dom torroma, RC iv 246 . roiarfuig doib canas tancatar, Hy. iv Pref . romarbhsat an manach ┐ tangattar iter a cend ┐ a cholann (i.e. beheaded him?), BNnÉ 41 . táncatár a traigthe co mbatar da éis turned backwards, TBC-I¹ 1932 . With co: acht co tís chucund provided thou come to us, RC iii 181 . ir-richt eoin ticed Uictor aingel co Patraic, Hy. ii 8 Comm. tainic Fergus co a pupall, TBC-I¹ 2313 . cach anmanna . . . doticed dochum nAdaim, SR 1116 . tanic nell chuice she swooned, MacCarthy 66 = dosfánic nél, SR 1637 .

Of seeds, sprouts, comes forth: tig síol is táire is ní thig | gráinne ríogh isan roilig 'a humbler seed sprouts in the graveyard but the seed of kings sprouts not', Giolla Brighde 28 § 23 .

Mid.Ir. do-icc (remi) advances, proceeds: tanic F. remi da pupull, TBC-I¹ 2419 . tainic roimhe fón toichim sin, BS 10 . táncatar rompu assan bhaile, Acall. 47 . tangadar rempo co hāth in c[h]omlaind, TBC-I¹ 2325 , 2472 , 2517 ; CRR 10 .

co tí lit. until . . . comes as prep. until: co tí in firbrithem, Wb. 8d25 . co tí lae messa, Ml. 26a5 . co tí Pátraic, Trip.² 2086 . ni fuil noeb conní a airde | co tí in Coimdiu, ACL iii 303 . óndiu co tí bráth until Doomsday, TBC-I¹ 2254 , cf. 2653 . co ti in brath(a), MR 174 . ticfa am . . . gid fada gairid go tí, Fianaig. 74.13 . o chruthughadh an domhain go dtigh so till now, Hard. i 206 .

Comes back, returns: sochaide scaras fria choemu . . . ┐ meni thiset uli i n-imslánti, TBC-LL¹ 197 . ond úair do-chúaid for conair cosin n-uair donánic, TTr.² 527 .

In fig. sense, of transition to a state, mental activity, etc.: doficfad Ulaid asa noeindin, TBC-I¹ 1077 . is minca teagaid locht an fiabrais seo cum beathadh nā cum bāis, 23 P 10, 168rb4 . is roluath tig chum tormuigh it increases, 3 C 19, 33ra10 . gurob mar sin tiocfus . . . a n-aithne na gcúisi shall come to know the causes, 62rb3 . tanic for menmain dó a breth, PH 832 . tainic ar menmain do Stait . . . bunadh, etc. occurred to Statius, TTebe 8 . gurab ón Diabhal tháinig dó an tAifrionn do chur ar gcúl (the idea) came to him of abolishing, Eochairsg. 22 .

Of time, comes, arrives: o thig aghaidh when night comes, BS 30 . o thig laa, 32 . tan dusficc tiughlaithe neich, AFM vi 2184 ond úair thanic a amser when his time (to die) had come, SR 4972 . is demin tánic mo lá my day (of death) has come, SG 91 . tainic dia fo chend a saogal, óir . . . do benadh a gcinn uile díbh their last day came, ALC ii 386 .

By extension, comes to an end, is spent (most freq. in pret.): a n-écmais do beith agum co tí an bliadhain till the year comes to an end, Imr. Brain i 67 . co táinicc trath don ló ┐ don laithe (leg. dond aidchi?) foesin (i.e. till twenty-four hours had elapsed), Moling 8 . tháinicc mórán don lá the day is far spent, Mark vi 35 . Cf. do-icc as (iii).

do-icc dom comes to me, befalls me: co ti taem dot daenacht duit may some stirring of thy humanity visit thee, ACL iii 243 . na ticfad d'ulc ┐ do maith dam all the evil . . . that might fall to me, CRR 11 . dofánic faindi dó, Ériu iv 154 . iarsin tánic galar glan, | feib tic do cach, for Adam, SR 2026 . anfud mór tanic do C. . . . co roattaig Brigit co tísad féth do, Hy. iv Pref . ( Thes. ii 323 ). tangattar doibh na huile so iar mbreithir Ruadháin, BNnÉ 16 . Rarely with LA in this sense: na trí fochaide ata annsom doticfad la Ultu the three worst pests that would befall Ulster, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 26 . atraig C. ┐ dofancatar a ḟerga lais, TBC-LL¹ 1982 .

Of states, events, etc., in general comes about, takes place, happens: ní thig re ré an raimheic ríogh | gníomh ar nar ainic sé an slógh, DDána 91.11 . gur tria n-a aimsiughadh . . . tainic marbadh dhuic de B., Fl. Earls 136 . bidh fis gach neich nadurtha ag na heolchaibh sul tigid siad ann, Ir. Astr. Tr. vi 6 . táncatar sain uile ó Media all these things came to pass through M., LL 221b21 ( TTr. 325 ). is aes ingine macdacht insin ┐ ni thangadar a fhergnima beos, TBC-I¹ 363 . dona tomhadhmannaib tangatar re a linn i nEirinn, Leb. Gab.(i) 54 . fios na neithedh nách táinig knowledge of the future, Ó Héodhusa 155 .

Comes into being, arises, originates: nia duine tiucfae will arise (of Christ), Corm. Y 959 . tiocfa sāi da c[h]loinn dia ēis | bhenfus do chāch a coibhēis, ZCP viii 109 . ar na huilibh da ttainig ┐ da ttiocfa, Luc. Fid. 49 . a chlērigh is ferr tainec thou best of clerics ever born, ZCP viii 302 . conid tainic Senchas Mar was established, Laws i 40 . ag so mar tháinig Béibhionn the descent of B. was as follows, Keat. iii 4041 .

Comes to pass, is fulfilled: táinig tairngire Chiaráin, Arch. Hib. i 83 . táinic in tarrngairi áigh, | táilginn treabsat Cluain Cesáin, Acall. 499 . táinic in tairngiri doronadh dam, D IV 2, 44ra39 . See also under tairngire.

In certain cases do-icc is loosely employed to denote state, development, etc., almost in sense is, becomes, etc.: tig ag Bodhmainn dha bhiathadh he is with B. for his feeding, is fostered by B., Duan. F. i 33 . cionnas tig Eire gan Aodh? how does Ireland get on? Ériu viii 85 . bith a ḟis ag S. gurub maith tainig cruithneacht na mbráthar has thriven, grown, JRSAI ii 360 (1858-9) . bid dis deireoil thu . . . ┐ na tis tar triar chaidchi thou shalt never come past three (i.e. shalt never have more than three descendants living at a time), Lec. 126a18 . tic sin timchell cheithri mile . . . ponnta amounts to, Fl. Earls 178 . cuic seoit .i. da tecait dā ba which amount to two cows, Laws iv 148 Comm. See IGT Verbs § 7 .

Escapes, recovers (also with prep. AS, see (c) below): tinnes . . . ┐ ticc fa dheoigh, C IV 2, 11b4 . dogheibh cunntabhairt bháis ┐ tiuccfaidh, 23b6 .

ní ticc it is not possible: ó nach tig riar an dá rann | gan bheith diomdhach since I cannot agree to both sides, Content. ix 17 . eimealtus romor . . . innus nach ticeann turoisimh 'n-a laeighi do dhenamh so that the patient cannot remain lying down, 23 P 10, 3a49 .

With adj., etc., as pred. almost equivalent to subst. vb.: dotí mac fir in baile slán, ZCP ix 485 . is midlachda tánac, TBC-LL¹ 1279 . tig ót omna ḟaidchennaigh | an chomhla 'na codchannaib the door is shattered, IGT Decl. ex. 69 .

Various idioms: do-icc cride (for) relents, is moved (towards, by): tic craidhe in chléirig gan cheilg | gur réidig as [a] ardfheirg, SG 27 . tic croidhe ┐ inntinn an righ for ghnúis an mhacaoim, BNnÉ 183 . tainig cridhe Moeog fuirte . . . ní tainic cridhe an righ for Moeog, 187 . tanic a n-aicned co mor forro ┐ ba truag leo a toitim, TTebe 3125 . d.¤ i tir gets on, succeeds: mar thigid i dtír, Ó Bruad. ii 170 ; cf. Gadelica i 64 and see 1 tír.

(b) Commonly used in impers. pass. where agent is indefinite: ní tegar dom airfidedh none cometh to make music to me, BS 84 . mina thistar a nēllaib . . . dot indsaigid, nā (leg. ní?) ticfaider anair nā 'niar dot indsaigid, TBC-I¹ 2510 . co tistar ó Dia do nim | d'ordugud mo chuirp, SR 2055 . gidmait . . . co tístar óm Tigerna . . . do cosecradh mo thóedan, Moling 71 . décce dún ammag na tistar chucund cen aicsin lest anyone come to us unseen, RC ii 185 . cumad o Dia tista do breith na muici, ZCP xii 399 . muna thíosta dia ccobhair a ttraitte, AFM vi 1918 . ní tiocfuighthior chuige le holc he shall not be visited with evil, Proverbs xix 23 . ó rofitir M. co ticfaidthea ina degaid that he would be followed, SG 404 . ba maith inti cusa tancus annsin .i. Fiachra, RC xxiv 184 . tancas o Ḟind dom chungidsa, TBC-LL¹ 26 . tangas amach o mac A. da radha a message came out, Cog. 210 . tangus ó shíol M. ar cend R. . . . do thabairt righe dó, AFM iii 86 . tangus orrtha le pícibh they were attacked, Rel. Celt. ii 188 . do thángathas ar gach taoibh people came on every side, ITS i 28 . in túisig risi táncas in techt `the leader with whom the expedition had arrived', LL 221a23 ( TTr. 292 ). ragaid limsa mu drutha . . . ┐ in lín dancus lim uile, Lib. Flav. i 26va38 . dothæt in rigan . . . ┐ ba caem tancas andsin for cach mbuada 'twas a fair coming, Aen. 722 . nir thigthi dho anall he should not have to come, MS. Mat. 542 ( Lec. 167a ).

(c) Idiomatic uses with various prepp.

With AR

(i) speaks of, touches on, mentions (also with TAR, see below): ag so mar thig Policronicon ar an ní gcéadna, Keat. iii 25 . is é so an comhartha ar a dtig Eoin san seachtmhadh caibidil, Eochairsg. 39 . tancamar ar a lān do briathraibh CC. we have related, BCC 362 . ar an ttres n-athcuinghid tigther ann so, Ó Héodhusa 100 .

(ii) agrees on: in ní ar a táinic O Néill ┐ misi re céili, O'Gr. Cat. 57 . táinic ar a chomhadhaib uile dó agreed to all his terms, ML 146 . tángadar leath ar leath ar na cuir ┐ na slánaibh sin dh'á chéile, 8 . gach nidh ar a dtángadar na hAithreacha d'aonintinn, Eochairsg. 21 .

(iii) begins with (in gramm.): an focal tig ar fearn, IGT Introd. § 73 . .h. as lomadh don fhocal tig ar ghuthaidhe, § 18 .

(iv) falls on, devolves on, pertains to: ar teora ferba tic so applies to, Laws i 68 Comm. ni horum-sa ticc guide ar bur son, BCC 282 . ainm . . . nach tiu[c]fad acht ar drochduine would be applicable to, 53 . Cf. also: rochuala-som int éces oc gúmháidim ala n-aile [ṅ-airec] n-inganta amail bid hé bodessin ar dorissed (no ara tísead) (`of whom he spoke' O'Don.; to whom it pertained?), Corm. s.v. leithech (= arahíssed who invented it, YBL).

With ASS

(i) comes out, escapes: (impers.) bróga . . . ní thig asta, is ní chrapaid le láin-teas (i.e. they neither come off, being too loose, nor shrink), O'Rah. xviii 24 . gach ní as a dtigtir `from which an escape is got' (?), Content. xxii 4 . da dtí as . . . muna dtí as recovers , 23 K 42, 347.20 .

(ii) results from: as dá maidhm . . . tig an tír do thiormochadh, Content. vi 69 . da ticfadh as sin co scrisfaide na healadhna, Ir. Astr. Tr. 8 .

(iii) runs out, comes to an end: tánic in bliadain ass fói sin, SG 237 .

With DE

(i) comes, arises from, depends on, is consequent on, due to: ni maith na airm-se . . . ni thic mo dingbail-se di sodhain my equivalent comes not therefrom (i.e. `they are not worthy of me'?), TBC-LL¹ 1094 . isé rí na Temrach túaid, | isé in triath da tic al-les from whom her welfare depends, LL 306b19 . de thainig a thiughlaithi, MacCarthy 420 . tainig tairmesg na duaine desin, Laws v 230 Comm. na minpheacaidh . . .tig díobh na fíréin do bheith i dteine phurgadóra, Eochairsg. 117 . ni thicfa dím-sa . . . a ndul uaitsiu I will not be the cause of their going from you, FDG 612 . go mbudh de sin do thiocfadh na glais do sgaoileadh that would cause the fetters to burst asunder, Eochairsg. 113 . dothicfad dia n-imut nach biath anóir forro such would be their abundance that they would not be valued, Marco P. 105 . gémadh é a oidedh no thiacht de though his death should be the consequence, ZCP xiv 228.6 (leg. nothísad?). dusfainicc dia fertoibh ┐ mhirbuilibh go ttarla toirrches don mbanrigain, Fl. Earls 222 . tainic da righi nertmhar | táth Erenn re haon-shechtmhuin, ZCP xi 42 .

By extension, (ii) do-icc dím it comes from me, i.e. I am able (to): inund són ┐ daic dím which is as much as to say `I am able for it', CRR 44 . ni thic do neoch molad do denum dó, FA 1 (LB). atcualamar . . . co ticc dit remhaisneis cach neith ticfa isin domum, CCath. 4040 . ni thic d'innscne aentengad . . . túr na teist na tuaruscbail Domnaill, MR 182 . ni mō nosticc do Thuirnn a loscad inā loscad in mara T. can no more burn them than he could the sea, Aen. 2032 . rí nime naemhainglech dá tig gach ní who can do all (from whom all proceeds?), ZCP viii 203 . ni thicfa dibhsi anum do thabairt ina dáinib romarbsabar, RC xiv 36 . is iat-sin lānemain dia ticfa mo lesugud-sa, ZCP i 103 . diambad áil dait ticfad dít Ulaid do sídugud, MU² 169 . ni rabi 'sin domun . . . oenḟer da tisad diṅgbail Achil, LL 244a28 ( TTr. 2038 ). achd go dtí dhíom mo thuras . . . do choimhlíonadh, Acts xx 24 . acht co tisa[d] de iomus forasna ┐ dicetal, etc. provided he knew (could practise), Anecd. ii 76 . rogheall a chobhair dia ttíosadh de, AFM vi 2056 . dús an ttiseadh dhe a bfurtacht if he could help them, Hugh Roe 300 . ba derbh leo, dia ttiseadh da nach n-aon oile a bfoirithin . . . combadh dhe a aenar dusfiucfedh if anyone could help them, he and he only could, 278 . gi bec fogla do tigfad de ra Gallaib however little injury he might be able to inflict on the foreigners, Cog. 60 . do Dhia táinic a thoirmesg, BS 6 . is dod gaiscedh-sa tanic in sīdh ūd do dēnum, ZCP vi 49 . go dtiocfadh dhí féin . . . Curaoi do bheith i n-uathadh sluagh she herself would contrive that C. should have few warriors, Keat. ii 3495 .

Note also: tánic de coa mnaí fessin, LU 3267 ( SCC § 6 ). Cf. next par. section (iii).

With DO

(i) falls to, befalls , see above.

(ii) pertains to, applies to, suits: is deas thiocfadh culaidh den bfaision so duit, GJ iv 29 . as follus . . . go tainicc an briathar adubairt Pol . . . do C. C. applied to, BCC 424 . go dtáinic sé dom' aois leigean dom dhíth ceille it became my age to give free course to my folly, ITS xvii 220 . In impers. constr.: ? ma dic dula dam-sa if I can go, Ériu vii 222 . claon cum . . . siubhail for thalamh coimhightheach le dtiocfadh dhó níosa fearr where he will succeed better, Corp. Astron. 132 .

(iii) do-icc dom co . . . (impers., see Celtica ii 216 ) it is time for me to . . ., I arrive at, attain to: acht tised doib co oes ferdatad provided they reached manhood, TBC-I¹ 505 (LU). ó thánic dóibh co dérgud when it was time for them to go to bed, FB § 80 . co tainic co tabairt a n-airm doaib when they had all things ready for plying their arms, Laws i 250 . o thanic dó co dul dochum nime when his time came to go to heaven, Anecd. i 44 . o thánic doib cusin aidche Sathairn when the eve of Saturday arrived, Ériu ii 204 . ó thainigc cusna dédenchu dó-som when his end was at hand, BColm. 106 . o thainicc dhósomh gusna deighencha, Hugh Roe 262 .

With FO

(i) opposes, impugns (Laws): int ap tic fo coraib who impugns the contract, Laws i 52 Comm. ni theacait fo curudh, v 224 Comm. co ma fon uiliataid tista and `to the entire action objection could be made', 184 Comm.

(ii) do-icc fúm it occurs to me, I form the notion, project (of): tainic fai a breith ar eigin co minicc he often thought of carrying her off by force, Lib. Flav. i 33vb (cf. PH 832 ). cidh teichedh do thísadh fútha, CCath. 1745 .

With FRI

(i) comes against, withstands, opposes, injures: ní bía a nert ar nech fo nimh | óir ticc ríu nert Dé dhūiligh, BNnÉ 255 . ní thicfad ri forngaire ind ríg, LL 220a27 ( TTr. 222 ). dia tístais firu in domain frim-sa ní thicfad Congal, MR 12 . ni bāi do dūilib Dē dil | dūil nothissed fri ar menmain | . . . acht int angbaid Lucifur, SR 1510 . tiocfaidther ret' rath ┐ bid é torad do bhronn tiocfus riut, SG 395 . cret ticc ritt? what ails thee? TE 7 (Eg.). rofiarfaigh L. dhi cread tainic fría what had happened to her, Ériu v 80 . an trath teagar reisin ngaili o rotheasaid[e] when the stomach is affected through excessive heat, 23 P 10, 141vb22 . annamh tréan nach dteagthar ris, Dánta Gr. 53.2 . ar oman co tiucfaidhe frib ó Dia uel ó duine for fear you might meet with a reverse, O'Gr. Cat. 132 . tiocfa crochadh an Ríogh riú, A. Ó Dálaigh xlii 9 .

(ii) submits to, agrees to (with), freq. in Laws Comm.: in tan tic-sium re dliged submits to law, Laws iii 116 Comm. . tegaid ar aen re dliged comruic `appeal to the law of combat', v 150 Comm. . co tisat fri dlighedh, i 106 Comm. . cia notisad ria aithrigi, 10 Comm. . in ni nā tainic nō nā tudchad frí breithir nDe did not agree with, 38 Comm.

Later with RE (LE) concurs, agrees with, suits: tigim ris an reachd gur maith é I consent unto the law, Romans vii 16 . fá an ní ré dtig se which he alloweth, xiv 22 . tig Camden féin leis an bhfreagradh so, Keat. i 58 . gur beag d'úghdaraibh thig ré chéile ar chomháireamh na haimsire, 86 . mar nach tigid na príomhúghdair seo le n-a chéile, 88 . ní thangadar a bhfíadhnuisidhe le chéile, Mark xiv 56 . ge tic apium ┐ alues le cele da rēr a serui though parsley and aloes agree in pungency, Ir. Astr. Tr. 72 . ní thig an preabán núa-éuduigh leis an tsein-éudach, Luke v 36 . ní thuigim go dtiocfadh rum | ar mhaoidhis d'oideacht oram that the teaching you boasted of giving me would suit me, Content. ix 5 . tainic celmaine Brenainn leis an faistine, BNnÉ 291 . nach ticfidís naeimh eile Erend re cinel Conaill mar tainic se féin les, BCC 275 . tig siad go maith le bheith 'na mbráithre they make good friars, Corp. Astron. 66 .

With LA; late Mid.Ir. ticc limm I am able (to), succeed (in): da ticed let a chosc dīm, ZCP vi 100 . ní thicfadh linn a rímh, i 424 . ionnus go dtiocfadh linn bunadhas cinidh Scoit do lorgaireacht, Keat. i 224 . go dtáinic le mnaoi a mhealladh, Gadelica 241 . tigthear le sunnradh do bheith san iollradh it is possible for . . . to be . . ., IGT Introd. 7 . Common in Mod.Ir. Cf. further: gach a ffuarus d'olc leo | tiucfaidh liom géin bam beo `will come against me' (= t. frim? or `will remain with me' = I will not forget?), Duan. F. i 21 .

With ó

(i) comes (safe) from, escapes from: ní thainic aón duine . . . ona chomlann riamh no one ever came safe from combat with him, Ériu v 174 . uatha ní tigthear le tóir, O'Hara 2364 . na daoine do gheabaid bás ┐ na daoine thiocfus on esláinti, 24 P 3, 169.9 .

(ii) comes from, i.e. is stated by: amal tic o Beid i n-a stair as Bede states, YBL 166b1 . is ed tic ó Ísu sund, PH 7953 .

With TAR

(i) transgresses, violates: cipé tí dar recht na ríg, Metr. Dinds. iii 18 . cid bé rí tí tar an saoirese, BColm. 44 . ní meisi ticfa tairis (of a truce), Moling 64 . is túscu rofaemomaisne sin inás do tiocfámais tar in mbreithir doratsum re Poimp, CCath. 1682 . o thanuc-sa dar timna nDé, PH 4019 . táncadar thar decrachaib ┐ tara cointindib na hecailse, RC xvii 154 (Tig.). cach fír dar ná tecar slán that is not transgressed with safety, Metr. Dinds. iii 6 . tuc-somh ratha tar nach ticthe do na tréinferaib inviolable pledges, SG 356 .

(ii) overcomes, subdues: ní ardadh fris trén ar nách tísadh (darna tisad, v.l.) whom he did not overcome, CCath. 359 . ní tarla friu tren tar na tiostais, AFM vi 2280 . Caisel an urláir do dhénamh lá comharba C.C. . . . ┐ dobhert mallacht forsan tí no thiocfadh thairis `would come over it' (attack, destroy?), ii 1146 .

(iii) touches on, mentions, speaks of: tic Oengus issin broluch tar bás Donnchada, Fél. 8 . teagaid seacht n-airtegail díobh tar dhiadhacht airdríogh na ríogh deal with , Ó Héodhusa 8 . ní tháinig áon duine thairis ós áird spake openly of Him, John vii 13 . na luinge Saxanaighe sin tar a ttangamar thuas spoken of above, AFM vi 2096 ; 2046 . Oliuerus da[ra] ticer (tara tegur, v.l.) go minic agaibh-si of whom ye often speak, Fier. 27 . adubhrais . . . ag teacht duit tar Eoghan mhór, Content. iii 22 .

(d) With adverbs. do-icc istech (mod.): muna ttí an tairrngire asteagh don Domhnall so unless the prophecy comes home to (is verified in) this D., 3 C 13, 814.13 . fáisdine athar, más fíor | tiocfa asteagh d'oighre an airdríogh, 18 . tiocfaidh an aimsir isteach go maith the weather will turn out (?) all right, Corp. Astron. 58 . a ré go dtiocfadh is teach `till his own day would come', PBocht 50 § 35 . do-icc istech ar (i n-) comes in on, interferes with, assails: ceathrar do shliocht Éibhir | tig tar ghealladh ortha isteagh, Content. vi 88 . do bhi aon mharcach . . . ag techt astech do shíor ionnta who constantly attacked them, Rel. Celt. ii 198 . do-icc suas (le) comes up (with), overtakes (mod.): tángadar suas le cailín óg, GJ iv 94 .

III In Mid.Ir. occas. for do-beir gives (see Meyer, ZCP xii 426 ; Thurn. Hdb. xiv 421 ; IGT Verbs §§ 5 , 14 ): ticimm bulli de frissin comlaid I deal a blow with it, MacCongl. 87 . tic uball dó, 51 . tig a láim dar[a] agaid, 109 . ticc an clerech aithne fair, Cog. 92 . ? gabais Gabriel . . . co hogh-Muiri | tic sanais da Muiri, gabais 'na craidi, ACL iii 244 . tic D. a beannacht a n-ucht an duine, 321 . ferais fáilti re T. ┐ tic póc dó, Imr. Brain i 64 . gabus Eba int uball bán | tig a cert-leath dá compán, Ériu iv 114 . tiucub duib na tuaruscbail na tarbcodnach `I will give you the description', MR 184 . he dobēra commain dam, is me ficfas commain do I will give him the sacrament, Anecd. ii 30 .

IV In Mid.Ir. occas. = do-ucci understands, etc. (see do-beir): rofitamar-ni ┐ donigemm co ndernsam peccad frit-sa, LB 224a54 . gibe neach da ticfad co foirfi cercalla . . . na firmaminti, da thicfad (do tiugfed, v.l.) nādūir na firmaminti co huili, Ir. Astr. Tr. 76 . dogēn fidair . . . as a ticfither an t-eclipsis co follus, 94 .

la

Cite this: eDIL s.v. la or dil.ie/29233
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: le, le, lé, lasin, lasa, laisin, lesin, lasna, laisna, leisna, lemm, lem, leim, limm, lim, lium, liúm, lat, latt, let, letha, leiss, leissem, leissom, less, lessom, lessem, les, lesom, lesem, laiss, laissem, lais, laisem, lais, laisseom, lasim, leis, leiside, lee, l, laee, lǽ, lea, léi-se, lenn, leinn, linn, línn, linni, linnai, liun, liunn, lenne, lib, leu, léu, leo, leö, liom, leam, leat, lat, leis, lais, leis, lé, linn, leinn, leann, libh, leibh, le, liu, lelele, li, lam, lam, láad, lat, lad, lea, lia, l, liar, lasmbi, lastorchair, la, leis

prep. with accus. See GOI § 845 , Fraser, ZCP viii 46 ff . Occasionally with d p. of 1 suide: la suidib, Sg., 4a9 , Wb. 6b17 . 8a12 . 9c2 . 17d11 (but a p. la suidiu, 8a11 . 9b17 ). In IGT listed among the nine unaccented particles which do not cause inflection of masculine nouns ( IGT Introd. § 75 ). See also Magauran 4227 n. For the form in immaille(i) ille(i) see GOI § 44 , § 841 .

FORMS. With follg. noun: le, Cambr. ( Thes. ii 247.22 ). la, O. Ir. glosses and SR pass., also in early Middle Irish MS. texts, and concurrently with le, lé in later ones (le (sic MS.), AU 1085 ). For exx. see citations below. Doubling of follg. m, n, occurs sporadically in the O. Ir. glosses: la mmaccu, Wb. 19c15 . Ml. 49a20 . la mméit, 95d13 . 91c19 . la mmarbu, Wb. 25b22 . la nnech, Ml. 42c13 ; cf. also la gglais, Ardm. 17a ( Thes. ii 238.12 ). In later MSS. h is prefixed to a following stressed vowel. In later lang. also leis before certain proclitics: leis gach fear, TD 9.101 . leis gach neach, DDána 100.1 .

With article: s. lasin, etc. lasin conair, Ml. 45c9 . lasin sruth, Dinds. 52. lasa (n.), LU 10652. laisin, ZCP viii 107.3 . lesin, TBC-LL¹ 2374 , PH 7339. In later lang. leis an ( Dán Dé xviii 10 ). pl. lasna, Sg. 28a18 . Hib. Min. 3.75 . LU 8202. laisna. Ériu iii 140.184 . leisna, BNnÉ 70 § 116 , ZCP v 495.z .

With suff. pron. 1. s. lemm, Wb. 1b10 . 2c27 . 4b17 . 7a3 . lem, 5b31 . 14d16 . leim, Sg. 209b30 . limm, Wb. 19b7 , 23a18 , 23 . 23b34 . 24a27 . Sg. 188a19 . SR 1595. 3353 . lim, Wb. 7d3 . 8a3 , 8c17 . 23a27 . Ml. 55a4 . SR 1201 , 3361 . lium, Wb. 18a1 . Ml. 45c7 . 46c18 . 87b17 . 96a10 . 105b7 . 117d4 . 127c13 . liúm, 106b6 . 2 s. lat pass. in O. Ir. glosses: Wb. 10a10 . 16b11 . 29d18 , etc. Ml. 65a2 . 73a10 , 111a5 , etc. Sg. 215b5 . SR 1757. 2443 . latt, Bvi 74. let, SR 1593. 3 s. m. and n. Archaic (m.) letha, ZCP xx 401.8 ( GOI § 433 ) leiss, Wb. 6b8 , 16 . 14a22 . Sg. 29b12 , 13 , 19 . 61a16 . 93b8 . leissem, Sg. 10a11 . 28a18 . BCr. 32a5 , 32b6 . leissom, Wb. 33a2 . less, Wb. 6b21 , 26a8 . Ml. 35d24 . 71c12 . 129a9 . lessom, Wb. 10a14 , 24a17 . Ml. 47d2 , 131c14 , 132c6 . lessem, Sg. 77b6 . les, Wb. 10a2 , 32c2 . Ml. 18b1 , 34c17 , 55c1 . lesom, Ml. 18c6 , 23b12 , 53a1 , etc. lesem, Ml. 50b10 . laiss, Wb. 24b27 . SR 5791. laissem, Sg. 149b4 . lais, Sg. 153b7 . laisem, 158b6 . lais, SR 639 , 1631 , 2185 , 2591 , 2799 , 4969 . laisseom, LU 1425. lasim, Mon. Tall. 138.15 . leis, Sg. 111a3 , 202a7 . SR 637 , 2791 , 4971 (: geis), 630 . leiside, LU 1418. 3 s. f. lee, Sg. 167a4 . LU 3882. l, Laws ii 372.5 . laee, Wb. 14a37 . lǽ, 24d11 . lea, SR 3016. léi-se (: éise), Dán Dé ii 24 . 1 pl. lenn, Wb. 4a27 . SR 1615. leinn, GOI § 433. linn, Wb. 13b9 , 18a16 , etc. Ml. 30a2 , 5 . Sg. 198a6 , 207b11 . línn, Wb. 25a27 . linni, 4c23 . Ml. 26b6 , 10 . 30c3 . Sg. 149b7 , 160b2 , 207b9 , etc. linnai, Ml. 92c5 , 120b2 . liun, Ml. 89d6 . liunn, 112b13 . lenne, LU 1387. 2 pl. lib, Wb. 5a13 , 5d33 , 7d3 , 26a9 , etc. Ml. 115b10 . 3 pl. leu, Wb. 1d15 , 5d20 , 26d22 , etc. Ml. 3a6 , 14 . 33c13 , 35c23 , 43d1 , 102c8 , 139c3 , etc. léu, Wb. 30c11 . leo, 7d10 . Sg. 148b9 . 147a10 , 203a4 , etc. leö (disyll.), Blathm. 102 § 41. Archaic(?) lethu, Thes. ii 241.4 , Hy. ii 17 (see notes). Otia ii 86.8 ( GOI 52.3 ). For classical verse the forms given in the tracts are: liom leam leat lat leis lais (m.) leis (n.) lé linn leinn leann (lionn `lochdach') libh leibh le, 24 P 8, 194 (see also 190 , 218 ) = Bard. Synt. Tr. 7 ; cf. lionn: cionn, O'R. Poems 308. liu, Luc. Fid. 3212 .

With aile: lelele, Wb. 16c24 . li alaile, GOI § 845.

With possessives. 1 s. lam menmuin, Wb. 3d13 . lam' rig, SR 336. 627 . 2 s. láad muindtir, Mon. Tall. § 6 . lat tarb, LL 7644 . lad gráin, BDD² 1500 . 3 s. and pl. lea, Thurn. Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 37 § 5 . lia muntir (3 s. m.), Thes. ii 249.9 . lía mathair, SR 2828 . lia n-athir, Ml. 127b2 . lea hanāil, LU 10599 . le a, Ériu ix 164 § 17. l, Content. ii 15 . le athair, DDána 65.31 . lá olc, LU 1390 . la náimtiu (3 pl.), LL 260b33 (Lg.). lea fuaire . . . lena thes, Maund. 136 . lena choin, Feis Tighe Chonáin 757. So also TSh. 1 pl. lar tir, Ériu iii 136.44 . liar, GOI § 845.

With rel. In O. Ir. las(a) n-: lassa ndenatar, Ml. 84a11 . lasa ndernad, Thes. ii 289.5 . lasa mbiat, Ml. 75b2 . lasmbi, 24a19 . lastorchair, ZCP viii 302.20 . lasra chētgabtha, 303.1 . Later forms: le ndingnad, PH 7526 . le ffaicfe, BNnÉ 74 § 133 . lea ttuitionn, Párl. na mB. 1207 . le gcurthaoi, Ériu i 101.7 . le a ndamnuighthear, Luc. Fid. 2989 . le ar chuireas, ML 110.4 . lé 'r-buail, PH 7653 . lé n-ar chuiris, Párl. na mB. 907 . Note also: leis a mbí, Bard. Synt. Tr. 4. lé n-a n-oiltior, Párl. na mB. 917 . With copula: O. Ir. la sin(n), Ml. 53c16 , 129b3 , 131d11 . Later: an fear lena holc ┐ lenab olc ┐ len holc . . . an fear le nach olc ┐ leis nach olc, Bard. Synt. Tr. 25 ( leis nach beag, DDána 37.4 ). learbh annsa, Feis Tighe Chonáin 762 . na fir len leis an fearann, Bard. Synt. Tr. 26. (cryptic) loiscia .i. liath (? = lia 'with his' etc.) Goid. § 163 (Dúil Laithne) , ZCP xlix-l 612 . losca (? MS. losco) .i. leo 'with them' Goid. § 181 , ZCP xlix-l 612 .

In a number of idioms used concurrently with FRI, which it to a large extent replaces in the modern language.

MEANINGS.

I Denoting spatial proximity

(a) beside, by, touching : dollécet a láma la tóeb fochetóir, LU 8212 ( FB 16 ). amal roboí . . . laa and la toíb ind locha, LL 14439 ( Ériu v 208 ). snidig banna la taeb na columa medonchi in cech aimser, PH 6356 . trí chéad each le gcurthaoi srian, Ériu i 101.7 ( co n-allaib óir friu, LL 13246 ). a uille do leicen leiss to rest his elbow upon it, Fl. Earls 216.26 . gur léig a leathcheann lé a leathbhrollach, PCT 557 ( Gadelica 127 ). dia mbúi fecht lasan muir amuich go bfacuidh an días Erionnach dia ḟios, Ériu iv 63.26 (here the pseudo-archaic `lasan' may be a scribal affectation). ar bhfaicsin déar le a gruaidh, DDána 69.11 . Cf. beith le remonstrating with: dob é rún Ríogh . . . , beith léise ar lot na habhla, DDána 5.25 . Cf. FRI I (b).

(b) along by (see also I (d) below): flesc for dib ṅgablaib lasin conair immetiagat do erissem dia lethlaim furi a railing along the way they go on which to rest a hand, Ml. 45c9 . a sescunn da cor la descert léni la fur conrici hucht noi nomne `from the Moor of two Hillocks by the south of the meadow, by Fur as far as the Nine-Trees Hill', Thes. ii 238 ( Ardm. 17a ). ótha crích drommo nit cu glais tamlachtae dublocha la gglais cu grenlaich fote `from the border of Druim Nit to the stream of T.D. by the stream to G.F.' ib. le hairer nÉrenn, BDD² 253.

(c) along with, in the same direction as; in motion with: luid leo fades, Thes. ii 240.18 ( Ardm. 18a ). luid espscop fith leo for longis, ib. do thuidecht lat illei, Wb. 30b17 . ar tuidecht leu do brith macc nIsrahel i ndoiri for coming with them to carry the children of Israel into captivity, Ml. 113c8 . in gilla do thecht . . . / le . . . istech talman, SR 3196 . is amlaid tánic A. ┐ a tri meic les, LU 17. do hindled a carput forsna heocha ┐ nusfaīdhe pātric cen duine leo cu feótur ina dísirt la Mochtae, ZCP viii 106.24 . tairsiu féin lat tarb, LL 7646 ( TBC-LL¹ 106 ). ní regat lend they shall not go with us, LU 4632 . ticfaitis fosta fer Fernmaige leiss, TBC-LL¹ 833 . tánic ┐ cóeca ingen lee connici in comdáil, LU 3882 ( SCC 39 ). tanic . . . co n-epscopu ┐ braithri imda lais, PH 1587 ; cf. a taidchrec co sommataid ┐ setaib leu, Ml. 123c10 . do ruacht fer . . . sin tech ┐ fer fo lind leis, LL 7672 ( TBC-LL¹ 135 ). dochóid F. lasin n-athesc sin F. went with that reply, LU 8099 . is é seo mo chétḟechtsa latsu bud é mo ḟecht dedenach, LL 8599 ( TBC-LL¹ 1207 ).

(d) following the course of, secundum (flumen): lotar lasin sruth gó a bunad, Dinds. 52 ( BB 377a41 ). o indill Laeg in gae Aife / lesin t-ṡruth, TBC-LL¹ 2373 . is ann luidhes lasin mBoind sair, ZCP i 464.24 . rosnaid Osine in snaschur ┐ focheird e la sruth na tiprat co hAth na Feile, Dinds. 52 = BB 377a38 . ba sed comarc boi eturra, tomlacht na mbo do lecun lasin sruth, cor'bo find in glaisi in a ndocum, Dinds. 53 ( BB 378a38 ) = ra doírt . . . blegon . . . lasin ṅglassi, LL 169b53 . (cf. Ériu ii 22 , Keat. ii 226 . lasin sruth is represented in the first by: iarsan abaind, in the second by: ris an sruth, see FRI II).

(e) with, in the company of: conrobith i n-indocbáil la Crist `so that ye be in glory with Christ', Wb. 26a28 . attrab la Dia `to dwell with God', Ml. 92a9 . ciatasode lat ar écin `though thou keep her with thee perforce', Wb. 10a10 . nepproinde la geinti `of not dining with Gentiles', 19a10 . bes nobed nech aile leis ocind airchellad, Sg. 202a7 . bíad ind nim láad muindtirsiu `they shall be in heaven along with thy monks', Mon. Tall. 6 = fa re do mhuinntire si, Rule of Tallaght 40 . dubbert Pátricc cumtach du Fíacc . . . ┐ fácab morfeser lais dia muintir, Thes. ii 241.17 ( Ardm. 18a ). ainfa lib `I will tarry with you', Wb. 14a8 . corran célide libsi, 7a17 . congab iar suidiu i nDomnuch Féicc et baí and contorchartar tri fichit fer dia muintir lais and `after this he set up in D.D., and abode there until three score men of his community had fallen there beside him', Thes. ii 242.2 ( Ardm. 18a ). conna hacced nech leo hí that no one might see her with them, LL 260b13 ( LMU 11 ). In sense of alone . dob annamh thusa leat féin thou wert seldom alone, KMMisc. 346.8 . (see further Éigse viii 101 ). focal leis féin a word in its own right, a self-contained word (distinguished from a mere prefix such as comh- deagh-, etc.), IGT Introd. § 100 . See Celtica i 390 . In special sense: ni legend rollegusa la Petor `it is not a reading which I have read with Peter', Wb. 19a6 (cf. V (e) below). mosaithin aicce í / do lēigenn lē entrusted her to her to study with her, ACL iii 308 vi 9 .

(f) with , of mental relations and abstract qualities or notions; in some exx. assistance is implied: ls leu dorignius chomgnimu studivi innocentibus coniungi, Ml. 47a20 . socii .i. fodaimet immalle lium ón ┐ con dogailsegetar lium immalle dano `who endure along with me, and who also are sorrowful along with me', Ml. 87b17 . dia feidliged ires foirbthe leu, 136d2 . frithbruduth ointad la fírianu `refusal of oneness with the righteous', 76c4 . contísed P. do thoorund a luic lais, Thes. ii 242.7 ( Ardm. 18b ). gorb'é bés bfer nErenn beith leisan tí budh treisi to side with him who was strongest, Expugn. Hib. 74 . do thabhairt a lla baige leou, Ann. Conn. 52.12 . níl aoinfer ar in sgelsa leis, Rel. Celt. ii 293.28 . guidhim sibhsi fa beith lium uma cend I pray you to aid me concerning it, Fier. 96 . guidim sib fa cend beth lium im cach ní I beg you to side with me, 122 . With ellipse of verb: guidhim liom . . . / an chéad míle mairtíreach, Dán Dé xxv 62 . gā tarbha an béal do bheith lais / san inntinn ina éagmhais, xxii 20 . an lucht do-beir iad féin do shainnt an tsaoghail . . . óir saoilid go mairfeadh sin leó do shíor, TSh. 220. feib atré in mac bec atresat a gníma oclachais leis, TBC-LL¹ 985 . teid in ingen co n-ēgaīne moir lé dochum a hathar, RC vi 174.16 . scela lat hast thou news ? LU 7987 ( BDD 166 ). ZCP xiii 177.15 . dochóid F. lasin n-athesc sin F. went with that reply, LU 8099 ( FB 7 ). an teachtaire tig le haitheasgaib Dé, Dán Dé xiv 26 . an toisg lér chuirios iad the errand on which I sent them, ML 110.4 . abradh fris conā tardad gráin na hirfuath leis ina dochum, ACL iii 5.8 . cona gabur . . . e can fir De lais, Laws iv 294.20 . dá gcaitheam thú leis an toil if I consume Thee with (sinful) desire in my heart, Dán Dé xviii 10 . Also in spite of: ní léigfiom úainn . . . / le a bheirt . . . nglanmháilligh . . . / an sduaigh I will not let the chieftain go, for all his suit of polished mail, Ériu ix 164 § 17 .

(g) with, in custody of, at the disposal of; carried or worn by: fodord doib di dommatu ┐ dufuairthed ní leu forasaith din main, Ml. 97d10 . fáccab Áed aidacht la Conchad, Thes. ii 242.20 ( Ardm. 18b ). admuiniur in slánicid foracab dian cecht lia muintir, Thes. ii 249.9 . co lóg leu á fognama hiro-batar di mainib inna n-egiptacdae, Ml. 84c12 . mar aes mbraith . . . / cen scribenn lib, SR 3479 . gaisced lasin n-íngin, LU 4522 . claidib gelduirn léo, TBC-LL¹ 175 . is leis . . . frith escra na E., SR 3592 . ra leiced Fer loga . . . siar dia bliadna ┐ da gabair Conchobair leis, LL 13246 ( Sc.M² 20 ). doriacht Niall immach ┐ in indeoin cona cip lais, RC xxiv 194.6 . rofhóid . . . a gilla, ┐ a bréit allais lais, airm a mbói, PH 2193 . is amlaid tancatar, co slogu mora ┐ co n-ascadaib examla leo, LB 198b27 ( PH 6972 ). co n-imat piast . . . co mellaib dergaib umaide leo ina lámaib, PH 8312 . ni dlegait lōn leo for sét / . . . acht an ccéin rabhaitt amuigh / rī Érenn da bhfriothāilimh, ZCP viii 116 § 12. Common in this sense with beirid and do-beir (q.v.): an rí chondaigi hi foss / manimbera latt ní fogbai, Thes. ii 296 . iarsindí dunnucsat i ndoiri leu `after they had brought us into captivity with them', Ml. 92d1 . manimbera su latt if thou dost not carry me off, LL 260a43 ( LMU 9 ). do bert a chend ┐ a fodb lais, LU 5144. co ructáis a chend leo, TBC-LL¹ 1433.

(h) along with, and, in addition to, as well as: la cach cuimliucht ol chenae gl. hoc reliquis quoque commodis iungetur, Ml. 112c9 . ni lour in degforcitlaid maní be indithem leir . . . lasin `withal', 53c18 . tórmaig la cach maith dubir dúnni ar ṅglanad hua . . . chomroircnib gl. adde ad augmentum benignitatis tuae ut ab errore nos convertas, 105d4 . la sassad inna n-anmandae gl. et quod est amplius post expletionem . . . animantium, 129d16 . is airi nistabur la k ┐ q gl. h . . . aspirationis est magis nota, Sg. 4b13 . lasin ngutai inna degaid, 7b6 . co ndechatar [int sailm] mudhaigh hi tempal lasind canoin ol chena, Hib. Min. 7.210 (`they were lost in the Temple with the rest of the Canon', Strachan, RC xxviii 203 ). int[ṡ]ailim lasna noibscribhinna atarimim `I reckon the Psalms with the Sacred writings', Hib. Min. 3.75 . ataruirmiset la gerind `they have reckoned them (i.e. participles) with the gerund', Sg. 188a1 . biit remsuidigthi uaraib cen briathra leo, 215a6 (cf. friu in similar sense, 5). sens magis ┐ posit leiss `the sense of magis and with it the positive', 39a29 . atá dechor n-aimsire hi suidib la cumscugud coibedne, gl. etiam in prima persona habent differentias temporum, 146b15 . da cet mile . . . / la tri cethair cethrachat, SR 116 . tricha lathi . . . / la dech n-úara ┐ lethuar, 225 . immon Michil lasin crosfigill so, immon Muiri lasind crosfigell n-aile, Mon. Tall. 28 . masui dina[i]p Psalmaibh [in tituil] cid arna gabtair leu ? Minip dinaib psalmaib, cid ar[a]scriphthair leu?, Hib. Min. 7.230 . gaibti seom tra teora biadi ┐ magnificat la cach naí, Mon. Tall. 5 . ronbiat da tír lar tír we shall have two countries in addition to our own, Ériu iii 136.44 . bennacht fort . . . la céol nimhe deit dara éisi, BNnÉ 92 § 202 . co ndechaid [in rí] docum ithfrinn . . . la dilsi a thire do Senán ó sin amach, Lism. L. 2328 . condasloic . . . lasa loim gabais asind lestur swallowed her along with the draught, LU 10652 . atat sin sin duma . . . / iii. meic ríg . . . / la tri ingena, 2866 . See also s.v. taeb (la, fri, t.). In leiss (etc.) also; either : ind indocbál doratad do Crist condartar dúnni less gl. coheredes autem Christi, si tamen compatimus ut et simul glorificemur Wb. 4a18 is possibly an early ex. of this (cf. ZCP xvii 223 ). sine é sin ná tusa ┐ na mise leis, Celt. Rev. ix 142.25 (text and MS. late). rachaidh leis féin ar foghuil / raghaidh leis le féin bhFuinidh will go also, Bard. Synt. Tr. 8.10 . lais in this meaning forbidden, ibid. ? ré bliadhna ┐ beagán lais, TD 15.10 .

(i) with, assisting, on behalf of: ar debaid . . . leis fri Senach, LU 3342 ( SCC 13 ). dena ernuighthi leamsa curab reidh dham dhul, Lism. L. 1560 (= ora pro me, Lat. Lives 82 ). ro ghabh B. pater leis, Lism. L. 1566 (= orante B. pro eo, Lat. Lives 82 ).

II Of temporal relations.

(a) Marking point of time, coincidence of occurrence or action. Of point of time: is gnád bróen . . . oca turcbáil ┐ lia fuined, BCr. 18c2 . dognisom ind figild la matain `he performs the vigil at matins', Mon. Tall. 30 (= ar maidin, Rule of Tallaght 96a ). la turcbáil ṅgréne at dawn, TBC-LL¹ 634 . la fuinead ṅgréne, Ériu iv 138.24 . PH 5108. la fescor, PH 1699 . ro imthig reme la doshoillsi na maitne, Grail 1324 . ni tigdis acht le deghdil (= dedail) laoi nó le tosach seachdmuine, ZCP x 291.16 . Cf. la linn (3 linn). Of actions: cóichet na heichsi a gilli for se la fegad co andíaraid fair, LU 8522 ( FB 38 ). la fuirmed in mátan fair, LU 8545 ( FB 40 ). gairfitit . . . le guth a Dūileman (sic leg.), ZCP viii 212.22 . adbered-seom iarum la déicsiu in chuaich . . ., Ériu i 46.11 . tinoilis T. a muintir . . . fo cetoir la hairiugud Cesair cuige, CCath. 3735 . forba ┐ crich do dul for in forbunn rechtaide la tuidecht soscela, PH 3450 . rogab . . . imecla Sir Persaual la faicsin inn eich, Grail 1974 . Freq. in la sin and esp. la sodain with that, immediately, thereupon : dofeccai secha a gabuir . . . lasin donic in gabuir chuci, LL 14155 ( RC iii 184 ). See 1 sin. colláa th'ais tra ol sesem . . . La sodoin fochedoir slechtais C., Mon. Tall. 7 . la sodain téit úad, LU 6100 . ni thó or seiseom. La sodain focheird bedg cuce, LL 260a41 ( LMU 9 ). See 1 suide. Note also: cani du pater fothrí lase thereat, Thes. ii 249.3 . leis sin thereupon, TSh. 364.

(b) This sense sometimes merges into that of III (a); cucut . . . thánac do nim / la forngairi De, SR 1696 . luid for muir . . . lá forcongra Pátraic, Trip.² 2633 . do choid ass . . . in draicc iar sin la brethir in apstail, PH 2505 (cf. soithis A. fri brēithir a mathar, Cáin Ad. 8 . issí . . . rotathbēogadh . . . fri brathair nA., 10 ). rofacsat i n-aenla i la clois[t]eacht Cesair amain `merely on hearing of C.', CCath. 815 . ro eirigh an ben iar sin lé haithne Maodócc `at the command of M.', BNnÉ 218.28 . attracht in duine . . . la cloisteacht in sceōil `on hearing the story', Fl. Earls 194.1 . Cf. VI (b).

(c) during : dogéna sibh an caiscc si mara ndernabhair hí leisna secht mbliadnaibh ele si, BNnÉ 70 § 116 . ni lamar la graifne in gáid / élud, aithne, athgabáil, Metr. Dinds. iii 18.223 . lé ló in his time Content. ii 15 (cf. réd lá, xxiii 4 . rem lá, ACL iii 304.20 ). le haimsir, Párl. na mB. 17 . This use seems confined to later texts and is probably derived from FRI IX (b) q.v.

III

(a) on account of, because of, by reason of (see also II (b) last para., and FRI IV (b)): ní aicci ní lia mescai `he sees nothing for his drunkenness', Ml. 94c3 . gabail mo gotha dim la mméit inna nimned forodamar, Ml. 95d13 . ingnad lesom cutuim doib lammeit inna soinmige hirobatar, Ml. 91c19 . co mbo nem tened indala leth dind rígthig lasna claidbiu ┐ la fáebra na ngái, LU 8202 ( FB 15 ). lasin siabrad ro síabrad immi, LU 9143 ( FB 88 ). ce do faidsad snathat for lar . . . rocluinfide lasin tuí imbítis, LL 12557 ( Ériu iv 30 ). co mboi C. oc sirchuí lásin ngolltraighes, RC vi 183.16 . ba failid lais labra fris la somillsi a indsci, Grail 2187 . gu ro facsat sruithi . . . a n-istuda . . . la homun Cesair, CCath. 772 . ba huathad ro ela dib la f[a]ebra ┐ tennti ┐ biasta what with blades and fires and wild animals, few of them escaped, PH 6326 . le [a] mhéd rachas da ríodhún / a n-íobha slógh mear Mumhan / budh hól gan fear n-ealudhan, Ériu v 54.30 . Cf. II (b). ar ecla Chuind ┐ la hecla rīg Ulad, ZCP viii 274.25 . techit la crith ┐ omon Meic C., LU 7237 `with trembling and terror of Mac C. they flee', BDD 90 . tobur nach etir le duine . . . d'ol lea ḟuaire a ló ┐ lena thes a n-oidhchi, Maund. 136 . ní caomhnactar a feughadh . . . leis na ruithnibh diághadha, ZCP v 495.z . le na fad liumsa co faca tusa anocht, docuadhus . . . gut' iaraid, ZCP vi 66.21 . ni cumgat ni la Mac nDe, Anecd. iii 55.27 . nir ḟētsat in tech d'fāgbāil la daingne an iadhtha bái fair, Irish Texts i 42.10 . níorbh iongnadh le méad a sluaig ar ngéill do Chian it was no wonder we submitted to C., considering the size of his army, Ériu i 93.18 . tic la egsamlacht an inaid . . . examlacht an blassa (o, a, v.l.), Ir. Astr. Tr. 40.11 .

(b) In the following exx. the notions of purpose and instrument are more prominent; through the agency of, by means of: in tan scaras fria thola leo `when by means of them he separates from his desires', Thes. ii 247.7 (Cambr. Hom.). am dechaid a trian sin la bruith `when that third had boiled away', Mon. Tall. 52 . dolduid bannan bec bec as lasind fascad fottai `by reason of the long squeezing', 61 . rogabtha a cossae cona dernae figild rée mor ria necaib lasind forcrid dorigni dia naild, 34 (= ar an iomarcaigh dorighne se cheana, Rule of Tallaght 103 ). Cf. nombeir fort muin connesbiur dich latt take me on thy back that I may get (lit. drink) a drink with (by means of?) thee, RC x 214.z . gach paiter dar gabus riam lesin mbelsin, PH 7339 . is í so in t-ochtmad plág lér buail Dia Faró, 7653 . gach ní at-chluinim leis an gcluais, Dán Dé ix 6 . in spreid la ndíngned nech a bethugud, PH 7526 . clann do dhénuimh . . . dhi / le féghuin an éoin eile, IGT Decl. ex. 496 (= ar fēgad, ACL iii 238 ). rostad a n-éisg doníd ar chlochaib leisan grēin, Maund. 49 . maothuighthear í . . . le fothrogadh fola do thabhairt dí, Mac Aingil 306 . dogheba sibh . . . soinean maith le ffaicfe sibh an t-oilén so, BNnÉ 74.9 . geas do bhí ar an sleigh sin . . . gan bainéacht do dhéanamh lé, Keat. ii 4390 . an t-urchar . . . ler thuit morbhar G., Rel. Celt. ii 194.13 . ag gáire le guth mór, Dán Dé xxix 5 (cf. ro nuall o guth mor, PH 2898 = do éigh do ghuth ard, Matthew xxvii 46 ). Of persons: dochotar martra la heachtrandu, YBL 12a28 . ata Muma lais i ssíd through him M. is at peace, LL 19073 . tairthe na bhfeadh leat do lúb, L. Cl. A. B. 234.6 . Cf. II (b).

(c) Of accompanying circumstance or condition; contemporary action: nach comai[r]le . . . dognither la fortach[t] Dae is bithsuthin adae, Ml. 51b28 . ar bá fio factus sum dogéni prius; suffio sufiui immurgu la cumscugud n-inne, Sg. 185b4 . ní choímnacair a fogbail lá doirchi na aidchi, Trip.² 1446 (126) . focheird deit chubus . . . la slemni `send him away from thy confession gently', Mon. Tall. 2 . a mesrugud do neuch tra buddesin la eolus ind fita, 63 . ni aurcail dano laisiom do neoch cid chodala a lórtid acht rop la forcomet na trade colleir `provided that he diligently observe the hours', 82 . praind do tomailt la marb hi tig to eat a meal whilst in a house where there is a dead man, 65 . dá ndeach le bás mbeannaighthe, Studies 1918, 282 § 16 . isin rainn is nesam do dochuaidh la cundtabairt he goes (lit. has gone) to the next division to it by reason of the doubt, Laws iv 192.7. Comm . do-chúaidh an gort san choll go ndearna an tsoil .g. aris de la a bheith bog na choll chumuisg (i.e. g + c = cc but s + cc = sg), IGT Introd. § 30 . gan duine . . . do dol faoi . . . acht le custam do dhīol, Fl. Earls 90.4 . caith le daondacht a bhfoighe, O'Gr. Cat. 29.5 . dochuir urnaighthe diochra go Dia . . . gidh edh nir treicc . . . a troim-easlainte leissin hé for all that, BNnÉ 275 § 257 . Cf. la dēcim felmac (.i. is amlaid ataciim conid mac foglamma) `according to what I see (he is only) a pupil' RC xxvi 14.12 . ( Rawl. 108a5 .)

(d) Expressing purpose with follg. vn.: lé a congbháil ó fhéin fhuinidh `to guard it', TD 10.16 . ní le rádh uirre is iomdha (of Jerusalem), 17.25 . la furtacht d'faghail in order to get help, Stair Erc. 78 . ar an leabhar . . . noch atā le taisbēanadh, Párl. na mB. 133 .

IV Expressing agency by, by the hands of, by direction or order of.

(a) With pass. verb. dogéntar aidchumtach tempuil less, Wb. 26a8 . congabtis gabala linn, 19a4 . a molad . . . lúaidfidir láedib limmsa `it will be sung in lays by me', Thes. ii 295.7 (Cod. S. Pauli). indí lassandenatar inna cumtach `those by whom the ornamentations are made', Ml. 84a11 . gabthe dunad les fris `a camp was pitched by him (Saul) against him (David)' Ml. 55c1 . dichossecrad inna cathrach conrotacht la duaid `of the consecration of the city that was built by David', 48d27 . conoscaighther du scath immut la cumscugud inna grene gl. sicut umbra corpus sequitur et conversionibus solis inflectitur, 118c12 . amal asrobrad leusom, Ml. 37b24 . oroit ar Thurcain lasandernad in [c]hrossa, Thes. ii 289.5 . oroit . . . do Flaund . . . do rig Herenn lasandernad a cumddachso (i.e. to whose order?), 11 . ised canir leisim, Mon. Tall. 131.11 . rothinolad lais . . ./ na fuair frisna secht ṁbliadnaib, SR 3393 . díaro sáertha na mná la Adomnan ┐ la Fínnachta Fledach, la ríg nÉrend, ┐ la mathib hErend ar chena, LU 2258 ( FA 32 ). do toglad in dun la Coin Culaind, RC vi 184.28 . Tigernmas . . . / leis ro berbad . . . méin óir a tús i nHerind, LL 2046 (cf. is aciside doronta ilbrechta i n-étaigib, 2037 ). darónad urgnam bíd ┐ lenna leo, TBC-LL¹ 811 . ro alt la Conchobar, LL 260a11 ( LMU 6 ). C. . . . lasrachētgabtha comgni, ZCP viii 303.1 . rohailed in mac sin la Cathbad, RC vi 178.129 . Marchelli din . . . is lais do-ronad leiges in abbad, PH 555 . gabthar Ailill la hÉ., RC xxiv 186.2 . a chlár . . . ler cabhradh cách, DDána 2.6 . Sometimes with ellipsis of the verb: ni do chach la Meidb in lind dálter for Fer ṁbáeth, TBC-LL¹ 2167 = ni do chách berar la Meidb, TBC St. 1926 . lechtain le Pedar / isan offrend ard uasal the lectio was introduced by Peter, ZCP viii 115 § 31. Frequ. with impersonal forms of intransitive verbs: dutiagar leu du failti fris[i]n ríg, Ml. 116b5 . dochuas (docuas v.l.) limsa chuici I went to it, Ériu iv 134.11 . cid fa bfuilter damsa lib what do you want from me, TBC-LL¹ 2261 . sciobadh na miasa . . . is trialltar leo tar sleasaibh an mhúir amach, Keat. iii 1012 .

(b) Denoting agent after vn. or an appellative so used: tri óenpheccad la Adam, Wb. 3a5 which could also be rendered one sin of Adam's. Cf. VI (a). conaroib diupart neich lelele `so that there be no defrauding of one by another', 16c24 . connabí asse a aicsin leu `so that it is not easy for him to be seen by them', Ml. 116a1 . Cf. cid fodruair latsu . . . mo dímiadsa fiad andrib, LU 3901 ( SCC 41 ). ba ferr a comaitecht . . . oldaas a tuitim la náimtiu, LL 260b33 (Lg). dogniat nuallguba . . . ic a riagad la drungu demnu, PH 8316 . cúirt . . . ag a cor suass lesin diūc, Fl. Earls 78.35 . Here may be assigned the type: ni sí ar sercc less `that is not the love He hath for us', Wb. 4b16 . méit for serc lemsa, 14d16 . Cf. 23a27 , 25a27 , 27d8 . ara seirc lind because I am so fond of her, Fing. R. 392.

(c) Denoting agent after active verb, at the hands of: cutrummae neich forodamair som leu `the same measure as he had suffered at their hands', Ml. 54b28 . Cf. maided fair lib `let him be routed by you', Wb. 7a4 . rombith lat . . . a lestar give me the vessel, Irish Texts i 11.2 . cach la tan ba leo. tan aile ba forro, LU 223 . co torchair .l. leis cona ḟiaclaib, LL 14054 ( RC iii 181 ). fuair bás na chomland chatha / la D., Arch. Hib. ii 85 § 41 . dáig ni bam béo meni thaeth cara nó náma limm, TBC-LL¹ 669 . táet a bás lim, 907 . mad dia tóetsad latt, 2088 . E. lastorchair C., ZCP viii 302.20 . tuitfe tú liomsa, Duan. F. ii 256 § 31 . is lais tra forodamair in martrasa, lasin forcongarthid . . . Datianus, PH 1109 . o atchualaid tra Dioclian . . . in bisech bui for in cristaigecht lais (i.e. Paphnutius), 539 .

(d) With neg. vb. denoting preventive agent: mainbad tairbad bāis . . . / lem ni bud fien cen dīgail, Fianaig. 10.18 .

V In at, among, with (apud, chez, bei).

(a) Of locality or population-group: ucc domnuch mar criathar la auu censelich in Uí Ch. Thes. ii 241.6 ( Ardm. 18a ). la laigniu `in Leinster', Thes. 241.16 (ibid.). Raith Cathbaid .i. la Cruithintuaith Raith C. in the country of the Picts, RC vi 175.38 . Cf. la di[a]mair a inchlidi som gl. apud arcanum virtutis suae, Ml. 53a5 . nach loinges roḟitir E. la hEirind, Ériu iii 138.103 . érlamae Cille F. la Áu Amalgada, Trip.² 1540 . Mag Ṡeired la Tethba. Mag Tochair i Tir Eogain, LL 626 . Ui A. la Muaidh `on the Moy', Hy Fiach. 4. Cf. nach namae ro bói lia n-athir `any enemy that their father had', Ml. 127b2 . is de atā Trāig Ési la hUltu, Ériu i 118.35 . Crimthann la Hū Maine, ACL iii 308 § vi 1 . la hErinn huili throughout Ireland, RC iii 345.6 .

(b) Referring to persons or peoples generally: bat he berte bretha lib `let it be them who give judgements among you', Wb. 9c12 . lia muntair `among his household', Ml. 71c16 . no cainte tobchetal leusom hi tosuch cech mís, 102c8 (or to be referred to IV (a)?). rechtga[e] ríg amail rongab rechtga[e] righ Caisil la Mumain, Críth G. 520 . in Cú ro chúalammár la hUltu, LU 4832 . mad me bad chend athchomairc laisna Déisib, Ériu iii 140.184 . máethmaccáem co n-gabh armu lind, TBC-LL¹ 1249 . is hē ba tuaircnid flatha la Fiachaig, ZCP viii 317.18 . da ech bas ḟerr la Connachta `the best pair of horses to be found with the C.' LL 13031 ( Sc.M² 2 ). is é cétna ro gabh in ceim sin la Romhanchu `the first to obtain that rank among the Romans', CCath. 77 . do mheaduigh cert lem gach lá, Rel. Celt. ii 240.y .

(c) in, amongst, with, of customs and usages, corresponding to in, amongst, with , in such phrases as in Virgil, in Shakespeare, (it is the custom) in France or amongst the French, (it is a custom) with him; in the days of (cf. VI (d) below): intí lasmbi ind encae . . . intí bís isind encae (sic), Ml. 24a19 . file athir leíss `that he has a father', Sg. 29b12 . ní áis aeccalsa ata brithemin lib, Wb. 9c7 . lebedan .i. ised ainm forán la ezechiál `Leviathan, that is Pharaoh's name in Ezechiel', Ml. 93b7 . do thintud in suin ebraidi sluindes . . . ilintliuchtu la ebreu, 37a10 . dundgniat ind filid linni, 26b10 . briathra āildi la cechtar de frialaile, 31a24 . is la grecu atā a ndliged sin, Sg. 95b1 . dund lathar fil la Dia ocar nditin ni `to the purpose which is with God in protecting us' Ml. 103d27 . nad fel dliged remcaissen la Dia, Ml. 27d10 . mascul la baedam són immurgu `this however, is masculine in Baeda', Sg. 124b6 . arecar forṅgarthaid sechmadachti la Grécu gl. apud Graecos etiam praeteriti temporis sunt imperativa, Sg. 147b6 . ind interiecht nad rann insce la Grecu, 26b6 . cit comsuidigthi la Grecu ní ecen dunni beta comsuidigthi linn, 207b11 . aní as nomen lasna littridi aili is cognomen són la Priscien, 28a18 . is follus nach mór bríg articuil linni, 26b3 .

Very frequently in Laws i n phrase la Féine (Féniu) (frequently abbreviated lā) according to (the custom of) the F.: cis lir fodlai fine la Feine?, Laws iv 282.10 ( SM Facs. 3b ). atait tri comurba la Feine nis comsaer a cuir, Laws iii 46.18 . atait secht cella la Feine, na dlegad dire na dicubus, v 118.1 . dichenglaiter cach chor cen raith fine la Feine, iv 206.z . is [s]ruithiu la Feine in foesam andsen óldas a tir as a tairidnither, 9 ( Ériu xvii 64 § 3 ). Note further: ní heclas, acht ūam latrand ┐ tādat a hainm la Crīst, Ériu i 219.z . ar is fern laisin laidneoir ┐ u laisin Gāidel, ZCP viii 107.3 . ni facai . . . tuaslucud for selind n-imbe la muindtir Máolrúoin, Mon. Tall. 22 . atat tri altai leusom for ind gabail, 33 . ni fogni laisim fachmarc scel dóib `it is not his usage to ask them for news' 2 (see fo-gní). ba sollamain gresach la maccu Israel in sollamain-sea in Cengcaigis, PH 5417 . is meinic leis na hoideadha techt . . . do lathair na ndaltadha, RC xxix 110.x .

(d) Various: is bés leosom in daim do thúarcain ind arbe Wb. 10d6 . is bes leusom torand hi tempul delbae inna rig, Ml. 65c16 . ba lugae leu in sin gl. per . . . exempla iurabant, 118c5 . ba bés leu . . . ferthain ind óenaig, LU 3230 ( SCC 2 ). as breth la F. leth diri gach graid tuaithe for a mnai, Laws iv 306.17 . In the opinion of, according to: issi a bríg liumsa atechtae som huaim amal ni confessin etir I care no more about their going from me than if etc., Ml. 117d4 . ba bibdu báis leusom intí nád imdibthe, Wb. 1d15 . is cert a míad linn do beith-siu etrainn we deem it a sufficient honour, Mer. Uil. 49. See dar.

(e) from, at the hands of: gabais caille la patricc took the veil from P. (i.e. was professed by P.), Thes. ii 238.16 ( Ardm. 17a2 ). rotbia less lóg do daggníma, Wb. 6a11 . rotbia limm airmitiu intslóig, SR 3353 . nanní asbertisom frisom . . . ba ed a frecrae adi lesom `whatever they used to say to him that was the answer to them that he had', Ml. 62c13 . ba hísin tochuiridh Patraic leo the invitation they had for P., Dinds. 68 . in eitchi connaigh, nī sunn atā dhó acht a Clūain mic Nois ┐ la Ciarán, ACL iii 4.35 . amail rochualatar som lassin faith commad tria chumachta na hingine rogebtais tír, Ériu iii 138.80 . ro chuala la nech legas libru I have heard from one who studies books, LL 19060 ( Misc. Hib. 17 § 1 ). cia hairm ita in chleth, cluinem lat, Rawl. 84a21 . rot bia tír lind cen chís cen biathad, Ériu iii 140.168 . dia mbui Crist hi croich la hIúdaigib, PH 671 . rodbē a lūagh la Dia `may God reward you for it', Ériu i 46.27 . cīa lóg rombīa latt ar a fagbāil what reward shall I have from thee? ZCP iv 44.5 ( TBFr. 23 ). Cf. further: luid C. do forceatal gaiscid la Scāthaig . . . ilLetha, Ériu i 114.3 (cf. Wb. 19a10 cited under I (e) above). tathum cech maith la Gūaire, Ériu ii 16.13 . cía fogaba mōrchennsa / lassin dūilem īar ndola, BColm. 98.8 .

(f) The following also are most simply explained as developments of the sense with, amongst, at ; exx. of the types cited are very numerous in Old-Ir. glosses: trachtad lesom anisiu this is his commentary, Ml. 74c9 . cosmuilius aile lessom in so this is another of his similes, Wb. 10d14 . cosmuilius roisc anísiu lessom, 12c10 . canoin centrachtad in so lessom (of a verse without commentary), Ml. 132c6 . analogia laissem anisiu do thaidbse cheille `he has here an analogy to shew the sense', Sg. 149b4 . Cf. forsani as corda trachtad (dtrachtid, MS) lesom anisiu, Ml. 53a1 .

(g) according to, in the opinion of in phrases with copula: ished aperficere lessom (to do) this he deems perficere, Wb. 3d5 . is peccad diabul lesom he considers it a double sin, Ml. 97d10 . issí ind inducbal lesom in molad, 126b17 . arathis leusom anintamail fria ndeu `they deem it as a reproach', 138c10 . This construction very common at all periods to indicate possession of opinion, notion, feeling, desire, impulse, etc. The predicate can be (i) a noun, or (ii) an adjective. (i) iscían ós accobor lemm farríchtu I have long desired to come to you, Wb. 7a3 . intí lasinformat maith dodegdoinib, Ml. 129b3 . is machdad limm, Sg. 6a4 . cid as mó miscais lat atchí, IT i 81.18 . cach ní ba tol libse, PH 637. (ii) robu maith leu they would have liked, Ml. 105b8 . aní asmaith ladia doguidi, Wb. 4b4 . condib sain . . . linn, Tur. 86 . an robo dech leó dona tri coectaib ingen, LU 8724 ( FB 54 ). ba holc le anisin, RC xxiv 192.21 . amal ba lór leo, PH 3300. Common with menma: bá maith lais a menma, IT i 257.5 . See menmarc. See also dar. With certain predicates the meaning is more concrete, see doich, étir, mebair, etc.

VI Denoting possession, ownership, etc.

(a) attá x la y y has x (cf. oc IV (b)): nistá leo leth docoiset they have nowhere to go, Mon. Tall. 128.10 . robadar cethtri cridiscél liomsae `I have had', 136.19 . See also 144.28 , 130.1 , 135.19 , 135.28 , 148.20 . boí fled . . . la B. do Ch. B. had a feast (prepared) for C., LU 8041 ( FB 1 ). itá a rigan la cach ríg sund has with him, TBC-I¹ 190 . in filet scéla lib?, ZCP viii 318.20 . tresin ceird toṡuigthi fil lib, LL 13770 . mór na tiorchanta atá lionn, TD 27.30 . In St. Ercuil common in archaisms (see Introd.); elsewhere replaced by attá . . . oc . . . Cf. an lá nocha liom do bhí it was not my lucky day(?), Aithd. D. 47.1 .

(b) x la y y has x (perh. as (a) with ellipse of subst. vb.): ceist limm dúib, Wb. 19b7 . óenchoimdiu lib `one Lord have ye', 22d7 . sainred n-eulais leu, Ml. 37b12 . As subordinate clause: ho ro mmoidisom cumachte less that he had power, Wb. 17a12 . is torbach do popul flaith firian leu it is profitable to the people to have a righteous prince, Ml. 90b11 . conrubaidh fri m'enech gin mháthair nó athair lium (.i. agum), ZCP v 523 . Of personal attributes: rosc nglan . . . lais, LU 7078 ( BDD 75 ). berrtha lethna leo, TBC-LL¹ 181. Of relatives: da brathair limm, TBC-LL¹ 50 . E. . . . oenmac leis, Rawl. 148a5 . ni fess celi le, IT i 139.26 = nácon fes céle for a seilb, LU 10606. Various: de[i]ch mbaí lais, Laws iv 306.x . breithemnus dogrés la clandaib L., Críth G. 133 . leth in tigi . . . la Connachta the men of C. occupied, Sc.M² 5 . rob tusa lemsa / rob misi latsa, Ériu ii 89 § 4 (see Éigse x 46 ).

(c) is la x y x owns, possesses y, y belongs to x (also with ellipse of copula. See Éigse x 45 - 8 ): ní lanech huáin alaile, Wb. 6b20 . commimis less huili, 21 . leissom a tech, 33a2 . amal ata les inna nert, Ml. 108c11 . á aii .i. comtis les gl. uoluerit eos suos uocari, 92c10 . is limsa in cauradmir, LU 8974 ( FB 73 ). A. . . . ba leis ind Hériu, LL 14786 . latsu na rucais, PH 3217 . bud le a maccaibsi a cuit de, Laws iv 46.3 Comm . diamtis lat, LU 3310 ( SCC 11 ).

In extended meaning x has a right to (do) y: ni limsa superedificare it is not for me to, etc., Wb. 8c17 . is la B. tocht isan cath it is B's part to go into battle, RC xxiv 194.24 . riaguil proinntige . . . ní linni a rád it is not for us to fix the rules of the refectory, ZCP xiii 27.21 . is liomsa a chogar ó chiort I have a right to be heard by him, DDána 121.33 . Note also: in let / dál dia fuair doirthe dost thou know why? Metr. Dinds. iii 412. 27 . do ba leam ise d'aithmhealladh it was in my power to, Aithd. D. 89.32 . imtheachd . . . is é bhus libh, DDána 26.3 .

(d) Phrase x la y as adjectival complement of a noun: petta sindaig la rig L. a pet belonging to, IT i 46.22 . dorime an mac aite ile lasin n-athair many places belonging to (that many places belong to?), Anecd. i 51 § 3 . E., cathair . . . lé hEoin, Maund. 31 . go baile le diūc de L., Fl. Earls 74.28 . Cf. Créd la Marcán, Anecd. i. 7.14 .

Personal forms used reflexively: atdubelliub lemm, Wb. 7a4 . décce lat corintiu, 10c20 . atreba leiss possesses, Sg. 33a1 , 4 . addella leis tech[t] do thig filed N., Otia ii 86.2 . faichle lat atair mo thairbhse, BB 384b36 ( Dinds. 66 ). Áth Chliath fégaid lib, Metr. Dinds. iii 100.1 . finta lat in ranic ní Fer baeth, TBC-LL¹ 2198 . an fitir lat?, YBL 13a24 ( Snedg. u. Mac R 46 ). imthigid don halla leó féin, Maund. 203. áirimh leat, Content. v. 71 . tiomsaigh leat, TD 2.5 . See Duan. F. iii 75 n ., Celtica i 390 .

Idiomatic uses with verbs, nouns and adjectives are given under the words concerned.

In later lang. 3 s. n. leis as adv. visible, uncovered : ná léig leis do bhrághaid bhán do not expose, Dánta Gr. 26.7 . a n-aighthe ┐ gach ní do bhí leis díobh all that was uncovered. Beatha S. F. 2347 . leigmíd ár mbrollach . . . leis, Párl. na mB. 562 . ? duit ó nach léis na lomróid, Rel. Celt. ii 298.26 . (Earlier ris, see Duan. Finn., Éigse ix 227 , fri IX (f)).