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decmaing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. decmaing or dil.ie/14958
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dĕggṁaing, decming, degming, decmaing, deacmaing, -gg, decmaic, decmaic, decmuic, decmuici, deacmaicc, deacmaic, deachṁaing, decmuccu, decmaicci

i, i.e. dĕggṁaing, adj. A -ng: decming, Wb. 14 b 4 . 17 c 7 . 21 a 13 . degming, 13 d 20 .— decmaing, LL 125 b 1 f.b. 251 a 30 . 277 a 36 . Ériu iv 108. 19 LL. Cog. 122. 10 (14th-century MS). O'Dav. 184 , 655 . TBFr. 150. 24 . deacmaing, Fél. Ep. 172 v.l. and late lexicographers (O'Cl., Lhuyd, P. O'C. , &c.). B -gg. Though not found in the Glosses, decmaic , as proved by Fél. Ep. 172 , existed as early as the late 8th century (cf. Oir. cumac). As the consonant-groups prevent the syncope of the second syllable, -gg has arisen by analogy. decmaic : Fél. Ep. 172 (= O'Dav. 184 , 655 . H 3.18, 541 ). O'Dav. 688 (old quotation). Laws iv 382. 3 f.b. (main text); v 276. 1 Comm. AFM A.D. 1516 . O'Mulc. 331 . decmuic, Fél. l.c. (v.l.). d s. Laws v 272. 9 (main text). d p. decmuici, Eg. 1782, 87 b . deacmaicc, O'D. Suppl. deacmaic, AFM i 56. 11 . O'Cl. O'R. As to O'R.'s deachṁaing, v. dechmaing supra.—INFLEX. All forms given above, where not otherwise marked, are in the n s.—COMP. decmuccu, decmaicci, BDD § 87 .

Latest instances noted: LL 34 b 1 f.b. , poem ascribed to Cuan Hua Lothcháin (†1024), and Cog. 122. 10 (11th-century composition). The word went out of use during the 11th century, and words like deccair, doccair, &c., took its place. Its occurrence in the FM is of no consequence.

ORIGIN: From †di-ecmaing, i.e. privative di- + ecmang, vn. of 1 ad-cumaing `it happens, takes place,' the o-stem passing into an i-stem in composition, cf. deccair, 1 deithbir, deolaid, díáirim, Díarmait, and especially the synonymous díing.

SENSES: A Definitions given by Ir. lexicographers:

(a) decmaic .i. ingnad ut est dobur cach decmuic .i. is dorcha gach ní is ingnad leis féin, O'Dav. 688 . deacmaing .i. iongnadh, O'Cl., Lhuyd. a wonder or surprise P. O'C. decmaic .i. is ingnadh nó is égen, gl. ad, AFM v 1336. 17 (O'Curry Transcr.).

(b) ding .i. decmaic , O'Mulc. 331 (YBL). H 3.18, 68 . As O'Mulc.'s Glossary is to a great extent based on Old- and early Mid.-Ir. vocabularies, the occurrence of d. in it is not against the statement made above as to the time when d.¤ became obsolete.

(c) decmaic .i. doilig, docamlach: dobur cach decmuic... is amail ní dorcha (i.e. dobur) gach ní is doilig, O'Dav. 688 . deacmaic .i. docaṁlach nó doilidh, O'Cl. Ir. MSS. Ser. ii 292 . O'Don. Suppl. (O'Rody).

(d) decmaic .i. síst a while, opp. dogrés, O'Dav. 655 , ib. 184 . Opp. dognáth, H 3.18, 541 (O'Curry's Transcr.).

B Meanings drawn from literature.

I †di-ecmaing, orig. that is not likely to be, to happen or come true, i.e. unlikely, improbable, impossible, strange . Only in this sense in the Glosses, translating Lat. mirus. Paulus apostolus ... et Timotheus frater .i. ... bráthir i nhiris. nípu decming cid i colinn, Wb. 14 b 4 . corruptibile hoc induere incorruptionem .i. is uisse intoichther a ndrúailnithe so hón nebdrúailnithiu. níbu degming donetad som a chorp fadessin issuidiu, ib. 13 d 20 . níbo decming rombed imthanad hi suidib (sc. isnaib grádaib nemdib), 21 a 13 . et non mirum ipse enim Satanas transfigurat se in angelum, gl. ní decming transfiguratio in apostolos , 17 c 7 .— fidh cain cin mecna mes ina dos decmaic .i. is decmaic mes do beith ar dos mana fuil freṁ aigi, Laws iv 382 3 f.b. (main text). decmaic le techt cuice she thinks it unlikely or impossible, ib. v 272. 9 . la bethaid a anmae la Críst...a beith slán ní decmaic with the life of his soul by Crist he is sure to be saved Fél. Ep. 172 , quoted twice in O'Dav. : .i. ní decmaing bias sláinte dó acht dogrés (v.l. dognáth, H 3.18, 541 ), Fél. Ep. 184 ; cf. ib. 655 . ó doléicter immasech cranna fianna for cach leth. nípo decmaic (-ait, facs.) casal cró for crand a duirnd Diarmató, LU 117 a 17 = LL 277 a 36 (d.-aing).—Here also the quotation: decmaic (.i. ingna) fer cen enech, O'Dav. 655 .

II Unlikely to be done, impossible or hard to do; impossible, difficult . Sometimes hardly distinguishable from I. —

(a) adj. nochon robai ní ba decmaic (-ach, MS) do dénam, Ériu ii 106.6 . becc nachimrala uathbás oc imcaissiu in trír sin. ní fail ní bas decmaicci, BDD § 87 (p. 75. 14). is tacair duit ni ḟorbara anfót do rád. is decmaing ón ol seseom, LL 125 b 1 f.b. is aire condegar chucut úair is decmaing because it is impossible, ib. 251 a 30 . TBFr. 150. 24 . ropo ní do dáil decming (: clainn), Ériu iv 108. 19 LL. cid decmaing déntar bar síd, Cog. 122. 10 . deacmaicc freasdol a ḟéile: ge ueith Éire dá thinnreaṁ, O'D. Suppl. (S. O'Mulconry).—Occasionally = scarcely : as decmaic má robái isin aimsir sin caislén dobadh crúaidhe cosnaṁ there was scarcely AFM v 1336. 17 (cf. A a supra). ba deacmaic don connall a ioth diomḟulang ina flaith the stalk could scarcely sustain its corn, ib. i 56. 11 . forellsid inn écis for mianuib decmuici ar dáig enich Gúairi do brith, 'desires that are difficult to fulfil' Eg. 1782 87 b = ACL iii 3.10 , ZCP x 381 .

(b) subst. something not likely to happen, something impossible or hard to do, an impossibility : dobur .i. dorcha nó doilig ut est: dobur cach decmuic .i. is amail ní dorcha gach ní is doilig, O'Dav. 688 . ben dofairged (sic leg.) ar decmuic (.i. ar choibchi ingnath nó doilig .i. lán duirn do deargnadaib, &c., Comm. 276. 4 ), Laws v 272. 9 , quoted by O'Dav. 655 . condat é tri decmainge in domain .i. tír aca mbí flaith do dílsi &c. , Laws v 426. 3 .

Deichmic

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Deichmic or dil.ie/15130

 

Forms: Decmaic, Deachmaic

n.pr. m. gen., BB 186b52 . Cf. nom. Decmaic , 201a2 . Deachmaic, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 40 .

díing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díing or dil.ie/16362
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dííng

adj (intens. dí- + ing) very hard, difficult: is diing cleith in maith (gl. facta bona abscondi non possunt), Wb. 29a31 . massu diing a nrogādamar if what we have prayed for be exceedingly difficult, 15c22 . d.¤ cóic bai do bethugud and five cows can hardly be fed there, Trip. 198 . ding .i. decmaic , O'Mulc. 331 . airnin arding . . . ding fil and is teirce feuda fodera `the difficulty which is there is caused by a scantiness of letter', Auraic. 3661 . As attrib.: fa deilm ding hard to bear, excessive (?), Lec. 583b23 . Adv. tuargaib [in Findbennach] a chend go dííng raised his head with violence, butted (cf. other sense of hard?), TBC-LL¹ 6128 ; 6193 . As subst. cethair dingi (dinge, v.l.) inda pecthach .i. ding dōib nād fācbat a tola ... 'four hardships of the sinners', Celtica viii 72.127 . See díic.

1 dos

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dos or dil.ie/18430
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dus, dus, dus, duss, duis, dois, dusu, doss, dos

n u, o, m. ? n s. dus (: Oengus), Metr. Dinds. iii 390.17 . d s. dus, Ériu lxv 128 . dus, TBC-I¹ 2665 = duss, TBC-LL¹ 3460 . g s. duis, dois. a p. dusu, TBC-I¹ 3601 . g p. doss, Thes. ii 290.10 . IGT Decl. § 67 . ? dosae, Ériu xxxix 136 . Bushy tree (poetic word): dos a tall tree with a thick branching head, hence a tall man . . . also . . . a bush, bramble or thicket , P. O'C.

(a) In lit. sense of a tree: airdem dosaiph dair highest of trees is the oak, Auraic. 4275 = ardam dossaibh, 5548 . dairib doss, LL 52b41 . is decmaic mes do beith ar d.¤ mana fuil frēmh aigi, Laws iv 382 Comm. co cualatar in ceol isin dus ibair, SG 311 . d.¤ na righ (one of the three chief trees of Ireland), ZCP v 21 . fir is mna míne fo doss | cen peccad, cen immorboss, Imr. Brain § 41 . ní ba lia (sic leg.) duilli for d.¤ , SG 364 . de dindgnaib doss, Thes. ii 290 (poem).

Copse, thicket: dligid a doss, a derb-chaill, Metr. Dinds. ii 58 . do-s-neim d.¤ dlúit[h] dairpri rúaidh ( foliage ?), Fianaig. 14 . inmain d.¤ ainglech idhan, | Ros nDairbrech na noeibh-ibur, Lism. L. 4726 . rohoileadh . . . illeptaib feoir ┐ fidnemid ┐ ua dosaib diamraib digaindi darach, TTebe 512 . ar cur agh a huardhosaibh hunting the deer out of cool thickets, Ó Bruad. iii 52 . In n.loc. Cnoc an Dois, CF 263 .

(b) Transf. protector, one who gives shelter or defence, champion, superior (common in poetry and rhetorical prose): nítfia luag . . . nidat doss ós duss (Fer Diad to Cú Ch.), TBC-LL¹ 3460 = TBC-I¹ 2665 . Dauid, ciarbo deoda doss, SR 6799 . roslecht[sat] dia [n]dúis, dia [n]doss their lord, 3467 . doss frēmunn ḟírinne (of Colum Cille), ACL iii 218 = Rawl. 107b3 . doss fína fíal forglidi, RC xx 146 . dom' d.¤ donnbhailc deghdaire, LL 385b13 . is he dighlas in dus garg, Fen. 68 . ré secht mbliadan déc don d.¤ , LL 127b14 ( MacCarthy 156 ). trí bliadna fa dó don dus, do mac Colmáin, Arch. Hib. ii 83 ( LL 184b45 ). in doss dítnes dronga Domnand, LL 45a31 . testa úadib a ndegthóisech engnama . . . ┐ d.¤ a ndíten, TTr.² 1208 . Hence doss díten tree of shelter (common epithet of a hero): rapo doss díten . . . leo Conall, CRR § 36 , LL 228b14 (of Hector). ina d.¤ dítin deghlāech, Fianaig. 86 . dā laech . . . dā d.¤ didin, Cog. 56 . ón d.¤ dídin (of Aodh Ua Néill), Hugh Roe 284 . robtar dois didin . . . doibh, 316 . Maelduin in doss díten, Gorm. June 10 . d.¤ ditin (of Mochuta), SG 35 . a dhuis díona in degshlóig, 265 . Exceptionally in abstr. sense: doem d.¤ ditin ar nimtenchus don fhiligh `protection is afforded for the dignity of the poet', Laws i 62 Comm. In compd. with adj. or subst.: Rumel rigd.¤ , SR 796 . rig rodelb Pardos . . . is he ar n-armd.¤ airgdidi, 1300 . is mé Oengus céle Dé | coemd.¤ glē clēre, 8010 . co torchair in caemd.¤ cáin, LL 127b38 ( MacCarthy 156 ). docer coemdoss Cindmara, 128b39 . ria cuanaib na caemdoss, 140b28 . trilis chuanna na caemd.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 424 .

In chevilles: Dia dom chomét diplib d.¤ , LL 297a12 (wrongly written d'iplib, SG 364 ) = dib lib d.¤ , Lec. 699a46 . imroéfet fri bérla | ó Róim dítnib doss, LL 119a18 ( PRIA xix 532 ).

In other senses: Hiruad . . . robean aingel Dē da deoin, | dorigne doss cruime de a mass (?) of worms (of Herod, cf. Acts xii 23 ), YBL 138b51 . aradhna . . . go sgoth-dhossaibh for a gcennoip ` tassels ', Fl. Earls 252 .

Compds. ¤aball: confacaid d. díonmór fó bláth a leafy apple-tree , SG 351 . ¤barrach: coillti dlúithi dosbarracha ` bush-topped ', CF 820 . ¤bile: dosbhile buadha ar lár an oilein a luxuriant tree, KMMisc. 322 . ba samhalta re doisbhile mor os fhiodhbaidh, ZCP x 279 . Transf. of a hero: adbath craeb dosbili móir | Aengus Molbtach Mac Nadfraich, RC xvii 120 (Tig.), cf. AFM 489 (dosbhile n-óir). Of a thick head of hair: méit[ithir] cliab búana in dosbili find forórda fil fair, BDD § 97 . dosbili mór fair, FB § 91 . ¤ḟotae: eocrand . . . duillech doss-fota, IT iii 42.14 = dosḟada, 16 ; dosada, 13.7 . ¤galach: dorar ardidlach | eslabar d., LL 5295 ( IT iii 33 , dossg., BB). ¤glan: Tuaim nDoss-glain, Metr. Dinds. iii 312 . ¤lebar: do bhí in lomán. . . gégach duilleach doisleabar tall and bushy, Ériu iv 116 . ¤lethan: bile díghainn doislethan leafy and spreading, SG 68 . fo dhoiredhuib dosleathna, Fianaig. 52 . ¤linn: for dolinntib na habann ` bushy pools ', RC xxiii 410 . ¤mag: ar choill | na ndosmhagh uaine aloinn wooded (bushy?) plains , 3 C 13, 720.10 . ¤mailgech bushy-browed , FB § 37 . ¤mór: croind duillecha dosmhóra, BCC § 355 d . coillte díona dosmhóra duillebair, SG 266 . See dosmar.

síst

Cite this: eDIL s.v. síst or dil.ie/37713

 

n [ā, f.] Apparently with short vowel in Mod.Ir. See siostghoim below and cf. sistaid.

I Of time

(a) a time, period, while : decmaic .i. sist, ut est `a beith slan ni decmaic' [.i. ni decmaing] bias slainti dó, acht dogres, O'Dav. 655 (gloss on Fél. Ep. 172 ). bid calma ár s.¤ sinni, TBC-LL¹ 3279 . siist ár marbad Airtt na n-ech, ZCP viii 264 § 18 . i sistib at times, Alex. 1026 = siste, BB 499b30 . tiagaid . . . iar sist ┐ iar selad co sliab . . ., 241a16 . snaidhmit a cuir . . . 'man sist sin for this period (viz. a year), LB 278a73 . Míchéal maraidh sé is ní sísd it is not for a while only (?), Dán Dé xxvi 56 . tigherna Caille . . . do ghuin ┐ a écc iar sist after a (short) time, AFM ii 792.4 .

(b) spell, turn, bout : uair ro ferois do siost comhlainn, ZCP x 288.31 . secht mbliadna dam forsan sist sin, Anecd. i 73 § 210 . doronsamar sist chomhráidh `we made converse for a while', BS 106.8 . roataigh rium Crist do nimh | ar ṡíst mbig do léimeandaigh, 128.4 . t'aire rum, a rí na mbreath, | dainimh sunn ar sísd don bhioth `evil my spell of life here', Aithd. D. 51.11 .

(c) a respite, a truce : nachar damadh sīst nō sealaidheacht da bar sinnseraib um an oilén sa, ML² 1545 . anaid hi sist ┐ hi ccairdes tre bithe (sic), BNnÉ 7 § 23 .

i n-óen-s. simultaneously, at the same time : is sí no fired Ultu uli i n-óens., LU 10138 . [ro] righset a lámha i n-aensist ┐ i n-aćnuair ina bord, CCath. 2119 . ro greissit uile iarum i n-enṡ.¤ (inaenfecht, v.l.) ┐ i n-én[ḟ]ábhall, 1827 . glefid dia edruind i nensist `some day or other', Ériu v 236.59 .

Acc. used adverbially: assisedar sist forsin purt oc deiscin na n-ingen, LU 10667 (glossed: .i. seal, ZCP v 524.28 ). congna lem . . . rom bíth ┐ tucus leth mo bráthar ar mo muin beir s.¤ lim help me for a bit, LU 4935 . isam aithrech, a Crist cain, | dumrad sist fo domenmain, Laws v 22.22. Comm . = Fél.² cxl 20 . comamser . . . don Chathair-seo ┐ do Chund . . . s.¤ máir, LL 315b46 . ro boi sist cen labra . . . ar uaman in sceoil, ZCP iv 384.13 . biaigh cach oc a molud | co lá bratha sist (: Crīst) all the while till doom, RC vi 176.76 . boi occa co lán-gradach sist fhota (ḟota, MS. = fota with nasalized f), PH 839 .

(d) of space, distance, interval : conaccutar tímthirecht aingel uasu s.¤ on tsligid, Fél.² cxxviii 24 = sel on tṡligid, Fél. 180.34 . sruth Tigir i Pardus buán | fota sair sist ra himluad, ZCP viii 517.5 . sist fhoda etarra. Rochluineadh-som immorro inni itbereadh, Lism. L. 4042 .

Compd. ¤goim temporary anguish : 's nach bí siostghoimh (: iostaidh) seal um chéill, Ó Bruad. ii 126.3 (`clamour-forcing anguish').