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bág

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bág or dil.ie/5152
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: -aib

n ā, f. Perh. not orig. distinct from báid, q.v. for reff. to IGT Decl.; ascription of certain exx. doubtful.

(a) boast, threat, promise, undertaking, declaration: bagh .i. geall—ut est do bert . . . bagha . . . for sluaigeadh, Thr. Ir. Gl. 58 s.v. barr. baghi (sic). .i. gnim [ut est] baghas ar mbagha finda, O'Dav. 324. bagh .i. briathar, O'Cl. bag ┐ maidhem a threat (to inflict an injury) and a boasting (of injury inflicted), O'Curry 2422 ( Eg. 88, 33b ). bagh .i. ria ndenam chinaidh .i. an bagh re séd sundradach a specific threat (?), ibid. Cf. 2571 . Cf. maidhem iar ndenam cina, 2424 (33c). faisneis fir iar mbagha esamna .i. iar mbagha dó do dén olc frit ┐ adeir go lasamail, do den olc. Ocus is de ata, `ni bera fiacha fear bagha lasaman,' 2595 (50e). rom-ṡóerae, á Íssu,/ ar écnairc do báge, Fél. Ep. 490 (: pláge). ar na ructha do bag it cend that your boasting might not be turned against you, LU 8990. ar ngníma ropsat mára/ar mbága rapsat beca, Ériu i 72 § 4 ( LL 29430 ). ro bruiset baig ┐ brethir i cend demuin, LL 364 marg. sup. na briss brethir [na briss] baíg, TBC-LL¹ 3509. eipstil co mbágaib ┐ tómthaib ┐ ironaib innti, Alex. 782. Cf. PH 1131. borrfad is báig, SG 65.13 . cidat mora bar mbága frimsa . . . ni chumaic nech uaib ni dam, LB 115a32 . nó maided for hUltaib. . . . Nī collad bāg hi suidiu (i.e. the undertaking was fulfilled), ZCP viii 319.8 (Laud Gen.). ní ba bréc in bágh it will be no idle boast, SG 88.2 . do regra na bagi sin to answer that challenge, Cog. 74.23 . cend mic Conaing ina láimh, / do bháigh for ionchaibh mic Taidhg, AFM i 504.z (`to exhibit it before the face of'). anat for mbriatra bági boastful words, LU 8425 ( FB 29 , rhet.). ? sgiath an bhádha mar do bhual, Aithd. D. 63.23 (`the shield of His love'). ? ba b.¤ ám dait-siu ga (= cía) dobertha do greimm catha gan díchill lind i[n]diu (Medb to Fergus), TBC-LL¹ 5942 = ba coir duit-si, TBC St. 4812. ba bāg dōibsom an toitim oc tesorcain a n-eiti, TBC-I¹ 3435. Cf. ba slúagad baga (buadha, v.l.) dó in sluagad a hosting in fulfilment of an undertaking, TBC-LL¹ 463.

As vn. E. oc báig mo marbtha frim threatening to kill me, RC xiii 377.10 . inn ingen asatái oc báig boasting , TBC-LL¹ 3497. do chualaigh . . . na fineadha ag báidh dá bhuandhíochur threatening to expel him, ML 80.22 . bátar occ báigh ┐ acc baccar dul do indradh Tíre Conaill, AFM v 1812.4 .

(b) fight, contest, striving; act of contending, etc.: comrama et baga Poil `P.'s conflicts and battles' gl. bonum certamen certaui, cursum consummaui, Wb. 30d12 . bid adas far mbáich, 5d35 (`proportionate to your struggle', GOI § 249.5 ). a sgel nglan / di bagaib Dhe `contests', Blathm. 93. rugais mac friom baigh to contend on my behalf (?), 156 (`of whom I vaunt'). robūi oc bāid fri Conchobar, Ériu ii 26 § 7. fri báig is búnad prímda `for battle he is a pre-eminent stock', Thes. ii 295.14 . ciṅg báge, Fél. July 24 . bagh .i. cath, O'Cl. ni comtig beó da mbágaib, TBC-LL¹ 4390. nonbur 'sa mb.¤ ri Bregmag, Metr. Dinds. iv 340.6 . oen tarb . . . rempu / . . . / oca mbáig ar búaraib defending (?), 70.27 . fri (= frim, TBC-I¹ 1212 ) baga berai fri náimtiu ascada cen claideb fa allud, LU 5686 (rhet.). a cléth bága fría naimtiu, TTr.² 1621. fer bagha ┐ buancosanta Lethi Cuind, RC xviii 285.6 (Tig.). ar bid tresi ar mbagi anāit baga Foraind, BB 240a18 . buadugad cacha bágha, MR 258.23 . déd ban ┐ bel corcra / dán trén bágh an banntrochta, Prolegomena 45 § 25 . báigh 'na n-aighidh to fight them, Aithd. D. 33.16 . gabhaidh báigh gach aoinfhear undertakes battle (?), 38.23 . i nDruim Ríg . . ./ luid b.¤ for macc nDomnaill the fight went against, Arch. Hib. ii 55 § 13. is maith chosnaidh a Briain do báidh, Cog. 78.5 . Cf. Caithr. Thoirdh. 111.3 . Aithd. D. 39.6 . báidh d'eas nó d'aol do d'fhaoilinn / red chnes chaoilshlim competes (in whiteness) with (the foam of) the waterfall, L. Cl. A. B. 216.35 . iarna luathletradh . . . do bagaid (leg. -aib) bidbad, ZCP xxx 69.1368 ( LL 408az ).

lá bága day of battle; a day's fighting: sind ló baga sa, TBC-LL¹ 444. as usa limsa aisg d'fulang na gan cungnam le mo cairdib is in lo bágha sa aniu, MR 284.23 . naoimh . . . an bheatha / . . . / go dteagaid linn i lá bágha, DDána 25A. 31 . do thabairt a lai bágha lea bunadh ceineoil, MR 284.17 . thugais linn do lá bágha you fought on our side for a day, DDána 30.16 . Cf. fri huair ṁbáge the threatened hour (?), the day of conflict (?), SR 5115.

With various verbs: slúag romaith ind rígsa / lasa tá mo bágsa `along with whom is my fight', Fél. Ep. 162. lámh oirbheartach ré mbí ar mbágh, A. Ó Dálaigh xviii 4. bágim báig for Laignechaib, LL 6343. na fer báig a Fergus ar buaib sceó mnáib Ulad, LU 6623 (rhet.). na fer baig . . . dit díth claidib, 5429 (rhet.). ni math d'ferus baíg / darochar a Chú (Fer Diad speaks), TBC-LL¹ 3962. a Ḟlaind . . . / nocho lind beri do báig, LL 7531. in oen-ḟecht dobertis a mbaig, CRR 57. cet cia théis fri báig, Fél. 4.14 . fuair a dochar dol re mbaigh (leg. baigh), Anecd. ii 39 Poem 23 § 3 . doconnarc-sa F. ag slaidhe slúagh ar ar bris báigh, Fianaig. 80.22 . do-ní in fer ´s a síd so | báig im a rígaib rompa `boasts (or `contends´) about its kings´ Celtica xix 40 § 2 .

(c) warlike qualities (?), boldness: at mathi . . . Fir Breg . . . im blad im báig im cridechairi, LU 4267. bar mbaid ┐ [b]ar mbeodacht fen, TTebe 2710 . eter . . . gráin ┐ báig ┐ chostud, TBC-LL¹ 5172.

? nach b.¤ forsa torchair / mo menmae múad medrach `battle,' Fél. Ep. 361 (promise ?). nir ba h-aitherrach báigi na bisig, MR 314.23 . do bhrígh a báigh / le mnáibh síl gCuinn contending (in generosity) (?), L. Cl. A. B. 236. 143 . deochain bunaid baga, Gorm. Jan. 23 (`warlike'). Petrus co mbaig mbunaid, Acr. 27 (`blessing').

Freq. in chevilles: brígach b.¤ , LU 4135. oen-ri bethad bag cach noib, Rawl. 84b37 . bāig go mbloidh, ZCP viii 114 § 15. ní baid briathrach, BB 273b30 (= bágh, LL). Cf. MR 264.6 . báigh briathar, Aithd. D. 8.22 .

In n.pr. Cú Bage, LL 322f1 .

Compds. With noun: M. bagfer, Gorm. March 31. teichis . . a nertaib bághfear as hard as he could go, RC ix 470.x (ICM). With adj.: co lathe brātha bāgmōir, ZCP iii 18.20 .

1 buidigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 buidigid or dil.ie/7367

 

Forms: buidiugad

v (1 buide) makes yellow: robuid[i]ded . . . a mong com[bu] buidithir bruar ndergoir, ZCP xiii 282.10 . gu mbuidhigheann an dath (of fasting), 23 P 10³, 55a23 .

Vn. buidiugad.

cnaïd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cnaïd or dil.ie/9709

 

Forms: cnaídid, cnám, cnaí(ded)

v later cnaídid. IGT Verbs § 42 . gnaws away, consumes, disperses : ro cnaí daíl a choiss, Trip.² 2862 . tart / cnaifes Araind n-ain, Anecd. ii 41.y . cnáifed dia álaig óg n-ell `would have wasted' (of a serpent), Metr. Dinds. ii 62.11 . gerden ros cnái ... / trénfer cech lae dia ndigbail (of Goliath), SR 5787 . nochnaife in muir (of land), Lism. L. 2184 . leath somuine le rath narm ... fo bith no chnoíend meirg é, O'D. 513 ( H 3.17, 417 ). mina ḟaghbhuid ni cnaighid (cnaieat, cnaied, v.ll.) nó loiscid (of fires), CCath. 1696 . dona fiaclaib sin no chnaetís taebu na míled, Alex. 742 = rochnaitis, ZCP xxx 132 . do chnaei lé teas in tarad / nach ragad fuí meas Muman, IGT Verbs ex. 380 . ar gach fonn / do cná an tonn, Rel. Celt. ii 238.26 . cnaiigh in tes `heat resolves', Rosa Angl. 98.8 . do chnaoi an doirche deamhnoidhe (: caoi) `dissolved the demon murk', Arch. Hib. i 92.6 .

Of mental anguish: do cach cheist chialchaid rotchná (: Pedamachá), SR 6975 . rom chnaoi i gceas (of death of noblemen), DDána 79.30 . sna croidhibh do chná (: dtá) which he has afflicted, 23 . ro-d-chnaoí mur othar easlán, KMMisc. 244.24 . Rarely wastes away (intrans.): go gcnaóighid ... ar son a n-éigceirt, Ez. iv 17 . cnaoididh na spirid = spiritus dissolvunt, ZCP xviii 270.16 .

Vn. cnám, cnaí(ded).

cnaí(ded)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cnaí(ded) or dil.ie/9710

 

late vn. of cnaïd. act of gnawing, wasting : ni fliuchaidhecht amáin gheinis acht cnaidedh = corrodit, ZCP xviii 266.27 . do cnái na gáethmairechta = ad ventositatem consumendam, O'Gr. Cat. 207.10 . a n-easlāinte ... baoi gā chnaoi, Beatha S. F. 426 . Cf. midach ... merchnáiti `rapid-wounding', MR 224.19 . gér líonmhar cnaoi mo chridhe wounds , Arch. Hib. i 94.1 . cnáoi ┐ fíabhrus, Levit. xxvi 16 . i ngéibheann cnaoi, Keat. Poems 125 .

conrodeda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. conrodeda or dil.ie/12274

 

v (* com-ded-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 504 ) gl. contabuit, Ml. 118b2 (a calque). See dedaid.

cúach(ṡ)naidm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cúach(ṡ)naidm or dil.ie/13310
Last Revised: 2013

 

n (1 cúach see also cuäch + naidm(m)) buckle, cup-fastener (?) ZCP li 107 n. 57 = túagnaidm: cūachnaidm .i. tūag-dūnad, Corm. Y 382 . atcíat in t-óclach . . . ┐ cuachshnaidm ar a fholt, Acall. 1564 . cuach-shnaidhm comhdhaingean curadh dá fholt im a chúl, CRR² 16 . ro-buid[i]ded a mong, . . . ┐ ro-ladh cuachsnaidm di[na] fri[a] ceand aniar `ein becherförmiges Fadennetz', ZCP xiii 282.10 . Of hold, grip in wrestling: cuachshnadmanna dá cosaibh tréna chéili with their legs firmly locked together, CF² 712 . dobert cúachsnaidm curad ar cach laech fo leith, RC xiv 416 § 30 .

1 cumal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cumal or dil.ie/13806
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cumaile, cumle, cumail, cumhal, comhail

n ā, f. g s. us. cumaile; cumle, Ériu iii 135.3 . a p. cumail (= handmaids), Gen. xxxiii 2 . cumhal (ó thrí cíallaibh) f., IGT Decl. § 12 . comhail (n du.), Eochairsg. 86.35 .

(a) female slave, bondwoman; later woman-in-waiting; servant, maid: c.¤ .i. cum mola .i. ben bīs fri bleith mbrōn, ar is ē mod frisa mbītis cumala dōera riasíu dorōntais muilind, Corm. Y 324 . cacht .i. c.¤ .i. bantraill, O'Mulc. 265 . cumala caínógat a ngnímu, Críth G. 485 . bla cumaile lec ┐ losat, Laws iii 274.18 . mug, c.¤ cimid (in list of seven things incapable of being given in fief), v 222.2 . do dechaidh co a cumhula, Blathm. 213 . da chumail, ┐ ocht ndoerammuis, RC xx 140.29 (ACC). hi foxal do moga, do chumaile, O'D. 73 ( H 3.17, 63 ). atconnairc c.¤ ele he (i.e. Peter), PH 3183 . cumhal Chríost (of Mary at annunciation), PBocht 9.2 . mac do chumhaile, Exodus xxiii 12 . ro ghabh a heirred cumuili, Caithr. CC 29 . co[n]a comail coimidechta maid-in-waiting , RC vi 184.21 . bert D. . . . Brigit dia reicc . . . do cumail fognuma, Vita Br. 13 .

(b) Name of a variable unit of value; generally fixed at three milch cows (see Thurn., ZCP xiv 341 ; Críth G. pp. 81 - 2 ) or equivalent to thirty-five acres of land Ériu xlix 27 , xxii 84 n. 10 , but note the follg. variations: teora cumala . . . .i. secht mba in gach c.¤ dib, O'Curry 1829 ( 23 Q 6, 47 b ). c.¤ sé mbó ┐ leth eneclainne isin crolighe cumaile, ┐ is í in c.¤ smachta metha ┐ c.¤ techtaighthe, O'D. 833 ( H 3.17, 595 ). c.¤ fichi(t) seoit . . . Leth-cumul, dech seoit, ZCP xiv 368.10 - 11 . cutruma c.¤ cana Padraicc ┐ c.¤ cana Cormaic . . . uair ni fuil isin c.¤ is mo acud acht ocht mba . . . c.¤ eladnach hí . . . .i. c.¤ do thabairt ar boin ar fichit, O'Curry 577 - 8 ( H 3.18, 278 ). bo ar fichit . . . do lulacubh, cunute sin secht cumulu urruduis, Laws ii 134.15 Comm. is mó c.¤ cana no c.¤ urraduis, Cóic Con. 50 § 97 H. an c.¤ sin is ar cethraime .vii. cumala ata, O'Curry 2577 ( Eg. 88, (49)d ) (of c.¤ aintestais. See aintestas). c.¤ ocht mba smacht nemdénma in gairi, O'D. 934 ( H 3.17, 658c ). is for cumail deich set conamas in c.¤ sin la Feine, Laws v 400.23 - 24 . cumala beca dibside, di uingi go le[th] cach cumaile, acht aon ch.¤ tri nuinge, O'Curry 962 ( H 3.18, 415 ). tucsad sgreball cumaili gacha tuaithi . . . .i. tri ba, Irish Texts iii 4.31 . Cf. ech c.¤ x. set . . . ech c.¤ trichat set horse worth 10 séts, Laws v 414.22 , 24 .

(c) Less specifically: ríthæ intech sin fri C. . . . ar chumil n-arggit, Thes. ii 240.2 (Ardm.). tri .vii. c.¤ , LU 5589 (TBC). ocht cumala a eneclann (of a `rí buiden'), Críth G. 469 . ba gabálta i cumail é (of ram) `the equivalent of a c.', TBC-LL² 63 . carpat trí secht c.¤ , 97 . in cocholl . . . / cemad fhiū trī secht c.¤ , MacCongl. 111.4 . carpat cethre cumala (sic), TFrag. 44.14 . .uii. cumala . . . .i. colg déd ┐ eó-ch.¤ (.i. dealg) ┐ sgíath-ch.¤ ┐ cris-ch.¤ ┐ brat-ch.¤ etc. `c.¤ of brooches, a c. of shields', Ériu xvi 67.113 - 5 . .x. cumala bana .i. di argat nó findruine, ii 4.10 . forgu cumaile c.¤ airgit, O'Curry 578 ( H 3.18, 287 ). de chumalaibh airggididibaon dan .i. ni thed na aill inn acht airgget, 472 ( 247 ). caéca eoch n-ændátha . . . a carbad cumhaile, ZCP xiii 175.19 . Cf. .uii. ancellas redere, Trip.² 2495 . See 3 airer, etc.), crólige, máithre, senorba, 1 tír.

(d) In wider sense of fine, mulct, compensation : c.¤ .i. éraic, O' Lec. Gl. 372 . M 186 . dia do chumail am chinaid `as sufficient fine for my offence', Metr. Dinds. iii 62.106 . cia file ar ccumhaluibh dlighidh?, Ériu xiii 18.4 . go ceithre sédoibh a cumhuile curp, 22.28 . do chuinghidh a cana ┐ a chumhaile, RC xliii 44.20 . c.¤ cís ┐ cáin, Leb. Cert.² 1644 . d'iarraidh chumail[e] Airt, RC xliii 26.7 . is greim cumaile pennaiti gabas a cur for muir no dul go eclais, O'Curry 2251 ( Eg. 88, 18(19)c ). c.¤ .v. seoit x, 246 ( H 3.18, 141 ). icfad sí cumalo a mac ro marbadh, Ériu viii 175.4 . c.¤ inn o Fh., RC xliii 14.11 . ic iarair na c.¤ i ndiguin a brathar, RC xx 140.24 (ACC). asrenar c.¤ cana cach fecht `a cumal prescribed by law(?)', O'Dav. 744 . créacht gan chumhail `a wound entailing no fine', Aithd. D. 74.4 .

In prep. phr. i cumail, i cumalaib in recompense for, as penalty for: uinnsiu . . . hi c.¤ do céile cōeca sleg, ZCP xiii 175.24 . ná sir cert a cumhail deilgi, IGT Decl. ex. 1237 . ro iarr si umla fort-sa a cumail in gníma sin, Grail 2232 . a gcumhoil ó othar fhuair / a thochmharc le tuloigh mBriain, O'Hara 2575 . co tuc da .xx. déc bó . . . i cumalaib meic C., Ann. Inisf. 246.4 .

Daig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Daig or dil.ie/14170
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: Deada, Deadha, Deadhga, Deadhad

i, npr. m. In Mid.-Ir. MSS frequently confused with Ded , Dedad. n s. Daig Bec, LL 312 a 48 . 312 b 60 ( a quo Hui Dega Bic). Rawl. 119 a 35 . BB 133 b 49 . Daig mac Cairill, LL 24 b 42 . 41 c 9 . Anecd. ii 28. 8 . AFM i 212. 3 . D.¤ mac Cuirc, LL 319 c 32 . BB 172 b 4 . D.¤ mac Dubthaig, LL 330 c 33 . D.¤ mac Enna Labrada LL 389 b 38 41 . D.¤ mac Lugdach, 331 a 52 . a s. im Daig, LL 204 b 59 . Rawl. 204 b 59 . g s. Ogh. DEGOS, DEGO Macalister Ir. Ep. ii 88 . iii 145 , 192 . filius Dego, Thes. ii 259 . 40 . Inis Cain Dego, AU i 268. 1 . ( Dega, Fél. 186. 40 ). Dega meic Cuirc, BB 176 b 27 . meic Labrada, 133 b 49 . Dega, LL 45 a 16 . 205 b 6 . 316 b 59 . 312 b 60 . Rawl. 160 b 32 . SG 17. 6 . Lec. 350 b 4 . 354 b 3 . Often spelt Deada, Deadha, Deadhga ( meic Dubthaigh, BB 219 d 54 ), Deadhad ( meic Cuirc, BB 176 b 40 , 178 d 18 = Dega meic Cuirc, LL 320 e 12 f.b. ). Plur. nói nDaigith, LU 80 b 32 ( = Daithig TBC-LL¹ 2010 Y). Cf. Holder, s.v. Daig .

2 dath-, daith-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 dath-, daith- or dil.ie/14729
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: Dathgus, dath-imdae, dathchalmae

adj in -n compounds. 1 dath colour, complexion , 1 and 2 daith bright, nimble . It is not always easy to decide between dath- and daith- as the latter undoubtedly already in early Old-Ir. before broad consonants occasionally assumed the form dath-, cf. the cpds. with taith- and aith-. In Mid.-Ir. daith- and dath- are equivalent as far as the pronunciation is concerned. dath-aigthech bright-faced, of a bright appearance : do bhocóidibh donn bhána dealbhsnuighte dathaightheacha duinnsgiath, ML 128. 17 . dath-álaind of lovely colour, fair of hue or complexion; opp. dathgrándae: déd dathálaind ┐ láṁa dírgha datháille ┐ corp sneachtaighi, Ériu iii 152. 22 . colptha dírgi datháilli, RC xxiv 200. 2 . a dathaib dígraissi dathálli, TTr. 141 . a sgiath dubhghorm dathálainn, OCT 17.6 . in dias niamdha ndatháluinn, Acall. 1871 . dá óclach donna datháille drechṡoillsi, TBC-LL¹ 5458 . buiden eile...pa dígrais dathalainn étrochtglan fociochlatar isin tulaigh, ib. 5545 . a láim Dhúthaigh dhatháluinn, Oss. vi 140. 12 . Of the Tuatha Dé Danann: roghabh flaitheas ┐ forláṁas air Thuathaibh datháille D. D., OCT 1.3 . datharmach of bright weapons: rothuitset .u. fir déc díghraisi datharmach do maccaib Morna, Acall. 2134 , Rawl. (degarmach, Lism.). Cf. claidmi...datha, Leb. Cert. 84. 1 . dathballach with a speckled skin, speckled, spotted. Of a hound: iomdha cú dathbhallach dian, Duan. F. 83. 9 . dath-bind: atgeoin dán dathbinn nach dreis, B IV 2, 143 b ( ACL iii 308 § 33 ). Cf. dán dathglan, Keat. 3419 . dath-bord only in poetry: Druim drechṡlemon na ndathbord (: rathbard) Druim Dairbrech of the coloured banks LL 192 a 20 (cf. bláthbord LL 154 b 41 ). dath-buadach: Dairmach d., Reeves Ad. 272 . Dath-cháin npr. m. (of lovely colour), Acall. 6589 . Dathchaoin, SG 259. 5 . dath-chlód a change, variation or diversity of colour P. O'C. Cf. 1 dath III. Dath-gal ā, npr. m. gen. mac Dathgaile, Rawl. 161 a 14 . See Daith-gel. Cf. Dath-gus, Dathnat, Dathge. dathgel white of skin, of a fair complexion. Moelsechluind mac Domnaill dathgil (v.l. daithghil) IT iii 71. 2 . re hingin daithghil an ríogh, Ériu i 16. 14 . Ádam ┐ Eba cona ndáinib daithgela, Lec. 347 b 29 . Daithgel npr. m., v. supra. dath-glan pure coloured: Aed Glas dathglan delbda, Gorm. Feb. 16 . ri déine...clainni dathglaini Dardáin, TTr. 1690 . craeb dh., SG 351. 38 . la dán ndathnglan, Keat. 3419 . Daminis...na ndán ndathglan LL 141 b 25 . dath-grándae hideous of colour or skin; opp. d.¤-álaind, d.¤-grinn: .vii. mba dubha duaibhsiocha dathghránna, ML 4. 13 . na duibhnéallaibh doiṁne dúaibhseacha dathghránna drúise, TSh. 58. 15 . dath-grinn = dathálaind: a ṁáthair daithgrind dhíles, BB 406 b 15 . Dathgus u, npr. m. (1) Son of Baeth, king of the Dési. (2) Son of Aed. (3) Son of Lachtnán. (4) Son of Máiltenn. Daithgius mac Aeda, BB 86 a 46 . gen.: guin Dathgusa mic Báith rí na nDéssi, Tig. RC xvii 236. 5 . Dathgusa meic Lachtnán, BB 195 c 47 . Dathgusa meic Máilteinn, 194 b 38 . Daitusa (sic) meic Aeda, 86 a 53 . iugulatio Daithgussa AU i 184. 5 f.b. (A.D. 731). mac Daithgiusa, Rawl. 154 a 22 ; the form Daithgius, g s. Daithgiusa, points to a compound with 1 dath or 2 dath-. dath-imdae many-coloured . Of the ships of the Spaniards: a long dúbha dúaibhsiocha dathiomdha, ML 44. 24 . Daith-lenn bright mantle, the name of a hound: Dóilin ┐ Daithlend .i. dá choin Mæle Ḟothartaig, RC xiii 377. 21 . dath-muirnech: dobudh ruathar réidh roṁuirneach rabharta an réim sin ┐ ba tinneanas tineadh déine dathṁuirnighe doṁainloisgthe an ionnsaighe, ML 114. 4 ; cf. the cpd. ciothṁuirneach, ib. 102. 27 . dath-ogom the ogham of the colours BB 310 b 27. dath-óiph beauty of complexion: rí co ndathaeb (: tatháir) SR 5255 . dath-órda golden coloured ZCP i 429. 10 f.b. dath-phell a coloured skin: lí dathpill (: rí Raithlinn) IT iii 96. 22 . dath-rath: Domitian co ndathrath (: cathbath), Gorm. Jul. 1 . Stokes' explanation in the vocabulary is wrong. dath-rind: atchiu carpat co ndathrind tauthat sluagu is bodbdae, TBC-LL¹ 1088 LU (v.l. condatrindi Badbae YBL). Dath-snatha gen. of artificial npr.: Lesan mac D., Anecd. ii 55. 17 (v.l. dagṡúaithe, v. Manners and Customs ii 133 ). dath-ṡúairc of bright, cheery colours, bright-hued: tig nech...fri dered domain datṡúairc (v.l. dathálaind), Fen. 298. 20 .

II daith bright , v.s. I.

III daith swift, nimble , q.v. Here probably dathchalmae: Budi mac Deirg dathchalma, Ériu v 221. 6 , ib. 248. 10 ; but this was hardly the reading of the original.

IV Interchanging with dag-, deg-: dath-armach: degarmach, Acall. 2134 , v.s. I; in such cases deg- seems due to confusion with Mid.-Ir. dadh- = dag, deg; cf. the phon. spelling Daith-gel BB 76 a 30 = Daithgil.

2 Dea, Deae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 Dea, Deae or dil.ie/14804

 

Forms: Deaae, Deae, Dee, Deaa, Dea, De, Dedad

pn g s. in the following names: Inber nDeae i Crích Cualann i Laignib, the estuary of Aba Deae immediately below Arklow. Aba Deae river, flows through Glenn nDeae. Glenn nDeae earlier name of Glenn Dá Locho. Loch Deae.

FORMS: Deaae: Cell Dara do orgain do gentib ó Inbir Deaae, AU A.D. 835 . Deae: co Inber Deae, Trip. i 32. 11 ( Eg.93 93 ). Dee: in portum apud nós clarum qui uocatur Hostium Dee dilata est , Ardm. 2 b 2 . Inber nDee i Crích Cualand, Hy Maine 147 b . Deaa: do gallaib Inbhir Deaa AFM A.D. 835 . Dea (the usual form): Trip. 30. 17 ; oc Inbiur Dea i Crích Laigen, ib. 34. 18 . co hInber nDea i Crích Laigen, ii 448. 5 . LB 26 a 14 f.b. Aband Dea ┐ Inber ṅDea LL 159 a 5 f.b. Aba Dea, Hy Maine 147 b 2 . De: Inber nDe, BLism. 4 a . Hog. Onom. 458 a .—Confused with Deda, gen. Dedad: Inber Ded ad i Crích Cualann, BB 370 b 30 . Inbhear Deaghaidh, Keat.

By the Irish themselves wrongly associated with Dea, npr. m.: Dea mac Degad a quo Inber nDeda i Crích Cualann, Dinds. § 40. 1 . Garman Glas mac Dedad cuius frater erat Dea a quo Aband Dea ┐ Inber ṅDea i Crích Cualann, LL 159 a 5 f.b. Dea mac Dedhadh a quo Inber nDea a Crích Chualand, D II 2, 27 a . Dea was the name of the river; cf. Ban-dea, name of the Shannon, Ardm. 11 b 1 ; Dub-dea `Nigra Dea' (River Dee in Scotland), Thes. ii 279. 6 . It seems identical with Ptolemy's Dēvā, the river Dee in Scotland. Ptolemy's Δηούας ποταμοῦ ἐκβολαί may render an Ir. Inber nDee, Inber nAbann Dee. Gen. Dēvās compared with Arm. Dee shows that in the 2nd century the Irish substitution of -ās by -iās in fem. ā-stems had not yet taken place.—Cf. Pictet RC ii 2 . Holder 1273 .

dead

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dead or dil.ie/14812
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: deud, dead, deoid, diaid, diud, deoaid, diud, dead, diaid, diaid, diaid, dead, dead, deád, deod, deogh, diad, deid, dead, i ndead, dé, déid, deoidh, -deóidh, -deóigh, diad, díad, ndiad, ndiag, diat, diaid, díaid, diáid, diaig, diaigh, diud, díud, diúdh, diuid, diuidh, diúidh, deud, déud, diaid, deugh, deod, deód, deódh, deodh, déod, deog, deut, déu, deo, dé, deid, déidh, -déidh, -déigh, deoid, déoid, deóid, deóid, deoaid, deoig, diud, díud, diú, diae, dead-, deod-, déod-, deog-, ded-, Dead, diad., Dead, dofeid

n o, n. and ā, f. Neuter gender proved by Sg. 162 a 7 : ní cumscichther dead nindib, and Ériu iii 100 § 22 : diad naidche (Rule of Ailbe). In the 9th century still disyllabic, in the latter half of the 10th century monosyllabic. In early Mid.-Ir. poetry occasionally disyllabic to meet the requirements of the metre.—The ā-inflexion dates back to the Wb. glosses (13 d 9 ; cf. Sg. 212 a 13 ). fo hírdiuid (: triuin), SR 3984 .

DISYLLABIC: deud, Fél. Prol. 220 . dead, LL 135 a 24 (poem ascribed to Mael Muire Othna †887). deoid, Reicne Fothaid Chanainne (late 9th century), Fianaig. 16. 18 . diaid, Thes. ii 340. 3 (Broccán's Hymn). dead, SR 2829 . diud, ib. 3087 . Rawl. 46 a . deoaid, Gorm. Feb. 24 (Mid.-Ir.). diaid, FB § 71 (ambiguous).

MONOSYLLABIC: diud, SR 1568 . dead, LU 51 b 41 (poem ascribed to Cinaed Ua Hartacáin †975). diad (v.l. ded ), Rule of Ailbe (10th century), Ériu iii 100 § 22 . diaid ZCP iii 22. 31 (poem from A.D. 982, ascribed to MacCosse). diaid, LL 143 a 41 (poem ascribed to Gilla in Chomded, 12th century). diaid, LL 144 a 48 (poem ascribed to Gilla in Choimded Ua Cormaic, 12th century). Cf. further diaid, Acall. 2508. 3369 . ZCP v 24 § 11 , viii 114. 11 . déidh ZCP iv 237. 16 . dead, ib. iii 19. 36 , all poems in Mid.-Ir. language.

RHYMES: deäd: gleäd, SR 2829 . deäd: gleëd, LL 135 a 24 . diüd: triür, Rawl. 46 a . diüd: biüd, SR 3087 ; but monosyllabic diud: biud, SR 1568 . deöig: gleöad (gleoaid, leg.), Anecd. i 47 st 1 (YBL). Monosyll. diaid: gliaid, LL 144 a 48 . ZCP vi 269 . st 11 . diaid: riad SR 595 . : criaid, ZCP vi 266 § 11 = 3 C 13, 558. 7 . deoid: ceol, LL 146 a 26 . deóid: eóil, Cog. 54. 18 ; 3 C 13, 558. 1 . deóigh: aieóir, ib. 591. 6 . deoidh: móir, Ech. Am. Móir 578 . déidh: éill, ib. 112 .

INFLEXION (for mod. forms cf. also II a, d, e below): n s. (a) dead, Sg. 162 a 7 . LL 135 a 24 . ZCP iii 19. 36 . deád LU 51 b 41 . deod, Lec. Gl. 432 . deogh, C I 2, fo. 30 b . (b) diad, Ériu iii 100 § 22 . —g s. deid, BB 330 a 41 . —a s. (a) dead, SR 2829 . LL 245 b 24 . TBC-LL¹ 1225 Y. i ndead, Wb. 11 a 17 . AU A.D. 772 . Sg. 1 a 5 . 11 b 4 . 18 b 2 . 77 a 9 . dé, O'Curry Trs. déid: deig, FDG 376 . déid, ZCP iv 237. 16 and common in mod. poetry. deod: deog, Ériu ii 174. 12 ; co deo[d] = mod. go deo. deoid, Fianaig. 16. 18 . deoidh, Ech. Am. Móir 578 . Mod. -deóidh, -deóigh. (b) diad, Ml. 23 c 16 . 119 a 4 . Laws iv 366. 1 . díad, Mon. Tall. 139 . 20 . i ndiad , Ml. 17 c 6 . 20 b 4 . 22 a 8 . 35 b 23 . 35 d 11 . 40 c 2 . 42 b 5 . 45 b 3 - 4 , 9 . 48 b 9 . 50 c 5 . 53 c 14 . 63 a 7 . 65 a 12 . 65 b 5 . 75 c 8 . 89 a 8 . 103 b 11 . 91 d 7 . 100 c 2 . 111 c 9 . 127 a 12a . Tur. 131 . Mon. Tall. 131. 15 . i ndiag , Laws i 22. 26 . diat (before s): inna d. sen, Anecd. iii 50. 1 v.l.— diaid, Thes. ii 340. 3 . LL 143 a 41 . 144 a 48 . LB 231 a 3 . FB §§ 65 , 70 , 71 . TBC-LL¹ 695 . 893 . 1000 . 1030 . Laws i 152. 1 f.b. ; v 480. 23 . RC xxiv 180. 20 ; xxix 220 . ZCP iii 22. 31 . Acall. 2175 . 2508 . 2567 . 3369 . 3407 . 3866 . 4069 . 4533 . 4610 . 5397 . 6044 . Cog. 154. 10 . MacCarthy 126. 0 . CCath. 69. 3401 . Fianaig. 54. 5 . PH pass. díaid, Ériu i 120 § 13 . BB 415 b 21 . diáid, FB § 70 . SCC § 20 , § 46 . FA § 31 . TBC-LL¹ 923 . LL 242 a 40 . diaig, Laws i 22. 13 sq. ZCP i 372. 24 ; v 24 § 11 ; viii 114. 11 . RC v 200 § 14 . diaigh, RC xviii 292. 15 . TBC-LL¹ 686 v.l. &c. diud: díud, Trip. 124. 18 . diúdh, AFM v 2036. 12 . diuid: diuidh, ib. 1926. 5 f.b. diúidh, i 290. 5 f.b.d s. (a) deud, Wb. 3 b 28 . 13 b 3 . Thes. ii 44. 10 . Sg. 9 b 21 . 93 b 8 . Mon. Tall. 138. 14 . LL 249 b 27 . déud, Fél. Prol. 220 (v.l. diaid). deugh, RC xiv 453. 2 f.b. deod: deód, FB § 83 , § 90 , 91 . IT i 257. 2 . LU 112 b 4 . LL 126 a 1 . deódh, AFM v 1748. 9 . deodh, ib. vi 1428. 2 . déod, Corm. 34. 6 f.b. deog, RC xii 64. 22 ; xiii 28. 19 . deut, Thes. ii 44. 10 . déu, Mon. Tall. 129. 5 . deo, LL 220 b 31 . Laws v 196. 13 . TTr. 26 . dé, TBC-LL¹ 1488 Y. deid, Wb. 13 d 9 . Sg. 212 a 13 . déidh, Ech. Am. Móir 112 . -déidh, -déigh, mod. poetry. deoid: CCC § 5 Eg. Mon. Tall. 140. 29 . Laws i 26. 10 ; ii 134. 15 ; iii 130. 22 . LL 146 a 26 . IT i 100. 19 . ZCP iii 36. 1 . RC xxiv 174. 10 ; 200. 18 . MacCarthy 68 . 12 . PH pass. déoid, TBC-LL¹ 1897 . deóid (sic), Cog. 54. 18 . deóid, ScM. § 12 . FA § 3 , § 22 . Ériu iii 137. 48 . PH pass. deoaid, Gorm. Febr. 24 (disyllabic). deoig Mon. Tall. 135. 18 , 153. 22 . Laws v 172. 2 f.b. Anecd. i 47 st 1 (YBL). deoigh, ZCP vi 78. 24 . Laws ii 40. 7 f.b. Cog. 40. 16 &c. (b) diud, Ml. 29 a 8 . 40 a 15 . BCr. 18 d 1 . Thes. ii 44. 15 . SR 3087 (: biüd), 1568 (monosyll.). Rawl. 46 a (: triür). Trip. 72. 3 . RC xxiv 147. 12 . díud, Trip. 124. 18 . diú, Mon. Tall. 138. 29 . diae, Laws v 368. 11 .—COMPS. dead- RC xxv 28. 3 . deod-, déod-, MacCarthy 280. 5 . AFM iv 778. 4 . deog-, MacCarthy 302. 19 . ded-, v. dedól.

Dead as an independent word was becoming obsolete at the beginning of the Mid.-Ir. period, and words like deired, cenn, and forcenn took its place. It was preserved, however, in prepositional phrases; but the o-inflexion gave way to the ā-inflexion, which latter seems as old as the Wb glosses (see above). The acc. sg. remained intact in the phrase co deod = mod. go deo. The change from the o- to the a- inflexion was facilitated by the parallel phrase i ndigaid (i ndegaid) which in Mid.-Ir., apart from the slender -d, was bound to fall together with diad. Mid.-Ir. i ndiaid, then, seems a contamination of Oir. i ndiad and i ndígaid; both render Lat. proinde ( .i. i ndígaid sin, Ml. 71 b 11 ; .i. i ndiad sin, Ml. 65 a 12 , 75 c 8 ; .i. inna diad, ib. 63 a 7 ); corresponding to Sg. 77 a 9 : mac i ndead a athar, Wb. 30 b 14 has: maic i ndegaid a nathre. Mid.-Ir. has i ndegaid (i ndegaid a athar, MacCarthy 282 , 11 f.b. ) and i ndiaid; but there is no trace of a Mid.-Ir. i ndígaid. In a phrase like the following: táinic in rechtaire i ndíaid in áil the steward came to get the fork RC xxix 220. 7 , díaid should be traced to Oir. dígaid rather than to diad.

ORIGIN: Dead, i.e. †de-vedo-, is a cpd. of prep. de, as the interchange dead: diad (cf. degaid: dígaid) shows, and an old vn. of †de-ved leads off or out, the opposite of †to-ved leads on, Oir. dofeid. For †de-fed cf. do-díat (i.e. †dí-ved-s-t) translating Lat. inducat Ml. 35 c 30 (dum-dísed diducet ib. 78 b 18 , dan-diat deducit eum Sg. 77 a 4 ), and interchanging with de-, as in dead: dusn-deraid (†de-ro-fáid) transl. eduxit, Ml. 99 b 13 . Cf. dered `end,' orig. vn. of †de-reth-. Thus tuus and dead spring from one and the same root. To fedid as the root of dead also point the adjectives didenach, dedenach, probably derivatives from a vn. †diden (cf. air-diden, tu-diden), cf. fedan, deidine.—Stokes' derivation, Sprachschatz 144 , is wrong.

I End, conclusion, utmost limit , as the opposite to tuus or tossach, usually referring to time or serial order. deod .i. deired, Lec. Gl. 432 . deogh .i. deradh, C I 2, fo. 30 b . ó thossach co déidh, ZCP iv 237. 16 . ó thossuch co dead, LL 245 b 24 . ó thús co deig, FDG 376 . diud at the end of: diud noichtich, BCr. 18 d 1 .

(a) dead aidche the end of the night: dofil deoidh na haidchi, Fianaig. 16. 18 . iarméirge cert la sruithi diad naidchi tossach laithi, Ériu iii 100 § 22 . d s. deud aidche at the end of the night: laithe nand atraig deud aidche (v.l. diud a., RC xxiv 147. 12 ) LL 249 b 27 .

(b) dead lái the end of the day, the evening : ria ndeód lái, FB § 90 . ré ndeo lái, LL 220 b 31 . TTr. 261. 321 (ndéo). a mbátar and co deód lái co tráth na faire, FB § 83 . rorádi a ara friss imm díud lái, Trip. 124. 18 . d s. deud lái at the end of the day, at eventide : tic Find don ḟuarboith déod lái, Corm. 34. 6 f.b. tapair na trí scitle si deog læi do Chridenbél, RC xii 64. 22 . amal robátar and tráth nóna deód lái, FB § 91 . LU 112 b 4 . trath nóna deog lái, RC xiii 28. 19 . taisbenad inna flede deód lái, FB § 91 . LL 126 a 1 . deugh lói, RC xiv 453. 2 f.b. arcesi scís a láma diud lái, Trip. 72. 3 . ind sailm aurnaigi déu lái the evening psalms of prayer Mon. Tall. 129. 5 . ic crosfigil diú laoi, ib. 138. 29 . Also in the FM in archaizing language: lodar ó Áth Seanaigh deodhlaoí, v 1428. 2 . doluidh deódhlaoí láiṁ re Sionainn, ib. 1748. 9 .—For diae, Laws v 368. 11 : diae inn laei aircendai at the end of the appointed day, read diud.

(c) dead bliadnae the end of a year, d.¤ fogmair the end of the autumn. Arch. in FM: co diúidh teora mbliadhan, AFM i 290. 5 f.b. go diuidh mbliadhna, vi 1926. 5 f.b. ní roionnsaigh cechtar nae díobh aroile go diúdh foghṁair, ib. 2036. 12 .

(d) dead in domain the end of the world: co tici dead in domuin, ZCP iii 19. 36 . rosuigidead na cána so ó thosach domain co diaig to the end (`go deo'), Laws v 480. 23 . indiu déud domain (v.l. diaid), Fél. Prol. 220 .

(e) the end of life: Issac fri dead náissi: glead gníma glangáisse, SR 2829 .

(f) the end of a numeral series: ocht ṁbliadna déc... acht fil co diaid in míle, ZCP iii 22 st 36 .

(g) the conclusion of a book, a psalm, a chapter , &c.: hua sunt conrici diad in tsailm from here to the end of the psalm Ml. 119 a 4 . hi tosuch in tsailm...┐ ised dano tadbat inna diud, ib. 40 a 15 . ó `dixi custodiam' co díad (sc. of the psalm) Mon. Tall. 139. 20 . corrici diat[h], ib. 139. 25 . crónic ...inti medon ┐ tossach ┐ dead, LL 135 a 24 .

(h) grammatically: Auslaut, the end of a word, as opposed to tossach `Anlaut'; transl. Lat. finis: in principio mouentur .i. ní cumscichther dead nindib, Sg. 162 a 7 .

(i) FIG. ní thoracht Cormac déad na fírinni rodfír, LU 51 b 41 .

(k) IDIOM. ó thús diaid from the beginning to the end: adfiadat a scéla ó tús díaíd dó, BB 415 b 21 . ó thúis deireadh is still usual (W.K.).

II PREP. PHRASES.

A Prep. governing the accusative.

(a) co dead frequent in the phrase ó thús co d.¤ , v. above I, c, d, f, g; esp. co deod (originally the d s.), mod. go deo (in all districts), like choidhche, go héag, go bráth of future time, to the end, always : beidh sé gan ṁaith go deo he will be no good any more. sin é an buachaill gan eagla go deo (W.K.). faire go deó rú!, Midnight court 418 . Most frequently with a negative = never: ní thiocfaidh sé taobh liom go deo airíst; ní ḟéadfainn é go deo; ní bheidh sé agut go deo (W.K.). For Aran cf. Finck ii 86 .—co dé .i. co bráth, O'Curry Trs.

(b) fri dead, v. I e.

(c) fo diad last, after verba movendi: in ordine secunda ponuntur .i. inna hí batar buthi ar thuus dusrale fo diad, Ml. 23 c 16 .

(d) i ndead, i ndiad; Mid.-Ir. i ndiaid (rarely i ndeod, Ériu ii 174. 12 ). Eclipsis abandoned in Mid.-Ir. Cf. Acall. 2567 . YBL 179 b 3 . FB § 71 . In Mod.-Ir. a great variety of forms: i ndiaidh in all districts except the north (where as in Scotland déidh is used). In Kerry the following forms are heard: i ndiaig (-g from -idh), i ndeoig; i ndia, i ndeo' (i ndeodhadh), esp. before the particle san: na dhia san, but na dhiaig sin; i ndéig (na dhéig sin), na dhé' san. Very frequent is na dheabhaig sin (na dheabha san) thereafter, perhaps a contamination of i ndeoig and i ndeaghaig (still in use). Don. déidh is by Quiggin Dial. Don. § 162 traced to Oir. dead, degaid.

(α) of serial order, after, following after. Often synonymous or interchanging with i ndegaid. Corresponding to Lat. sequens, consequens: sequenti uocali .i. i ndead in deoguir bís sin chétna sillaib, Sg. 18 b 2 . de spiritali consequenti eos petra .i. a nail inna ndead, Wb. 11 a 17 . turbae quae sequebantur: na buidne robátar ina dhiaid, PH 4625 . 4575 ( ib. 4383 i ndegaid in the same phrase). Opposed to Lat. praecedens and pronominal cpds. with ré n-: praecedenti, gl. buithe inna diad, Ml. 35 b 23 . dá charpat rempe díb ┐ dá charpat na diaid following her (sc. Medb) TBC-LL¹ 695 ; same phrase Acall. 3866 . —is i ndiadet dixisti' dutiagat `come after Ml. 111 c 9 . bó i ndiaid (v.l. i ndíad) ind lóig, Thes. ii 340. 3 . beith i ndiaid to follow Laws i 152. 1 f.b. —MOD. ní hé sin tá uaim ach an ceann na dhiaig sin airíst the one immediately following (of a chapter in a book).

(β) after, in succession to; often translating Lat. successio, post. Type: macc i ndead a athar, Sg. 77 a 9 . Synon. i ndegaid. cen macc i ndeog a athar for Érinn co bráth, Ériu ii 174. 12 (v.l. a ndiaid, Rawl.); but: maic i ndegaid a nathre, Wb. 30 b 14 . in baile seo do fognum dó ┐ dá muintir ina diaid, Acall. 5397 . Iugaine a ndiaid Eirimoin, ib. 2567 . 2508 . Acall. 4969 . Cf. Laws i 22. 13 sq. , 26 . successionem generis .i. inna diad, Ml. 127 a 12a .— is airi asindet som donaib huaislib i ndiad inna nísel, Ml. 40 c 20 . léic foraindi ┐ forár maccu inár ṅdiaid a fuil ┐ a dígal PH 2947 . atruacht Gamut a ndiaig I., ZCP viii 114. 11 .— Often opposed to remi: coná bói remut nách hi[d] diaid ríg bas eolchu indái, PH 3968 . 3970 . roiṁe ┐ i ndiaidh bídh, Donlevy 392. 6 ; 120. 3 ; iv 21 ; i nd. a bháis, ib. 27. 19 — ardor solis...deirmess mór inna dead following on it AU A.D. 772 . post illos, gl. i ndead inna ní sin, Sg. 1 a 5 .

cách i nd. alaili one after the other (= diaid i ndiaid, μ): continua successione .i. cách díb i ndiad alaili, Ml. 42 b 5 . 72 b 27 . nosdíbairg na trí coecta snáthat cách i ndiaid araili díb, FB 65 . d. araili id.: berid secht cluichi diaig aroili RC v 200 § 14 . —Cf. mod. cách i ndiaidh a chéile.

(γ) with 3 sg. poss. pron. and the demonstr. particle sin = thereafter, thereupon ; often synonymous with iarum, iarsin, annsin. i ndiad sin, transl. proinde, Ml. 65 a 12 . 75 c 8 (synon. i ndigaid sin, gl. proinde, Ml. 71 b 11 ); transl. etiam, Ml. 20 b 7 (wrongly corrected by the editors to inna d. s.).—Cf. the mod. Sc. an déigh sin, an déigh so afterwards. inna diad, transl. proinde, Ml. 63 a 7 . Mid.-Ir. na diaid, na d.¤ sin. inda diaid, Mon. Tall. 131. 12 . inda diad sin, ib. 131. 15 . atchúala ina diáid guth ind aingil, FA § 31 . doberthea a chlann co Brian ina diaid afterwards RC xxiv 180. 20 . roeirgedar maccáim re hescradaib...┐ rodíanscáilit lind do chách ina diaid sin, Acall. 4610 . ina diaid thereupon PH 857 . 1144 . 2890 . Donlevy vii 26 ; xviii 10 ; 270. 7 . go haithghearr na dhiaidh shortly after ib. 456. 21 . trí míosa na dhiáigh sin three months after Bedel Gen. xxxviii 24 . mór chian na dhiaigh sin, OCL 20. 1 .—Very frequent in mod. lang.: tamall na dhiaigh sin shortly after.

(δ) i ndead, inna dead, idiomatically as a term of reference = below, further on, referring to something more explicitly defined in what follows. i ndead: duo possuit necessaria, gl. asbeir i ndiad which he mentions further on Ml. 50 c 5 . ib. 45 b 9 . duplicis salutis auctor Ezechiae fuit Deus .i. a nasbeir i ndiad as he says below ib. 48 b 9 . Here also Ml. 35 d 11 : iste inquam &c. .i. i ndiad, and 103 b 11 : nihil inquam &c. , gl. i ndiad, where indiad by Sarauw, ZCP iv 86 , and Stokes, Thes. i 717 a , is wrongly explained as a verbal form translating Lat. inquam; in both instances the glossator omitted the usual `asbeir,' as it might be understood from the Lat. inquam to which he added his gloss. inna dead; as the parallel phrases im d.¤ , inár nd.¤ show, inna contains the 3 sg. m. (f.): issed són desimrechtaigedar som namma inna dead it is this which he exemplifies below Sg. 11 b 4 . imchomarc insin huile ┐ ishǽ a thuassulcud in comthod talmaidech asber inna diad .i. prohibe &c. , Ml. 53 c 14 . ib. 22 a 8 . 65 b 5 . 89 a 8 . 100 c 2 . inna ndiad immediately after Ml. 91 d 7 , where the plural refers to `dispensationes.' With following sís: issí in míimbert asbeir inna diad sís, Ml. 17 c 6 . ib. 45 b 3 .—neut. do réir mar cuirthear síos é na dhiaidh so (i.e. in the following chapter), Donlevy 392. 7 . it dead, orig. after you (viz. the reader), i.e. below: conad impi sein tarla etarru ar marbad Hectair itiáid, LL 272 a 40 . TTr. 1900 . More usually the 1 sg. or pl. is employed: im dead, inár ndead: amal atá inár ndiaidh, MacCarthy 126 o . IT iii 69 § 17 . mar indeósus in scél inár ndiaidh as the story will tell afterwards CCath. 69 . —Cf. also Donlevy xxi 1 f.b. : an teagasc Crísduighe si nár ndiaidh. —The phrase is still in use.—Synon. inár ndegaid, diár néis ( Sg. 195 a 2 ).

(ε) after verba movendi, after , denoting the aim or object of many verbs, syn. i ndegaid, i nindsaigid. dol (techt, &c.) i nd. to follow: luid in mac bec na ndíaid dia nimdibe, TBC-LL¹ 923 . dolotar i nd. Atharni, YBL 179 b 3 . tibra itá i Loch Con...téit na diaig intan tráiges, ZCP v 24 § 11 . ragaid Líban it diáid, SCC § 20 . tángadur cách ina diaid, Acall. 2175 . marcsluaigh...ag dul nár ndiaigh OCL 25. 12 . an tí rénar toil teacht im dhiaidh se diúltadh é féin, TSh. 222. 25 . to approach : ag dol i nd. deiridh decaying , a common phrase = ag d. chum deiridh, W.K. follow with intent to overtake, pursue : go dtigidh tóir id dhéidh, Ech. Am. 112 . ac teacht le fíochniṁ ina ndeoidh, ib. 578 . rith i nd. to run after: nobered rith báise na ndiaid, TBC-LL¹ 893 . ceangailte do neithib saoghalta ┐ ag rioth na ndiaidh, Donlevy x 2 . gabáil i nd. to pursue : gabmáidne uile a ndiaid ind óclaig, Acall. 6044 . dorónsat airbirt tenn a ndiaid a comalta, ib. 3407 . rolebling léim ina diaid sum, FB 70 . cur i nd. to send against (or to): rocuired D. ndiaid (= i nd.) na muinter día narcain, Cog. 154. 10 . docuiredh teachta uatha ina dhiaidh, OCT 54.21 . ag drud na ndéoigh approaching them 3 C 13, 591. 6 . to throw after: docer a samthig inna diad, Tur. 131 . focerd ceirtle ana ndiaidh, RC x 68. 7 . to call, shout after: doriugart Georgi a ndiaid na míled, PH 1335 . Cf. Sc. chuir misi nan déidh mo ghlaodh, Macd. 325 b .

(ζ) buith i nd.¤ (a) with a personal subject: to be after, i.e. to seek, to look for, try to get, pursue. bái sium a ndiaidh a athardha he persevered in his endeavours to recover his patrimony AFM vi 2094. 5 . in lucht marbta ro bai ina n-diaidh-siumh, CCath. 5763 . 5768 . dḟosgail sé é is thóig sé leis an rud a raibh sé na dhiaidh which he was looking for Súil Uí Dhubhda 4. 19 . is mian leis bheith a ndiagh a thoile, Ériu v 128 § 27 . Cf. táinic...a ndiaidh an áil to get the fork RC xxix 220 . —(b) with neuter subj. to be left, spared: sgriosag an tír is níl na ndiaig acht flíoch is fiadhaile Midnight court 79 .

(η) with verbs like slaodaim, tarraigim, stracaim I drag or trail after me: siubhail nó stracfad san lathaig am dhiag, Midnight court 134 . —Synon. i ndegaid, TBC-LL¹ 1924 .

(θ) after in the foll. phrases: as marb uile Fianna...olc atú a ndiaid na ríg rán, Acall. 3369 . co cend trí lá nícon reilgthe láig dia mbúaib ina diaid, Ériu i 120 § 13 (`to commemorate him,' Meyer). nach dleaghair do neach cuṁa do dhéanaṁ i ndiaidh an tí théidh uaidh, TSh. 238. 16 . tá sé anuaigneach i ndiaidh a ṁic (W.K.).—Synon. i ndegaid.

(ι) behind : féach id dhiaigh, transl. respice post te, TSh. 15. 2 ; very common after fácbaid to leave something behind one: dfág sé an raṁan na dhiaidh he left the spade behind him (W.K.). Numerous exx. Finck ii 81 .

(κ) since : leo so dorinneadh na cinidheacha annsa doṁan a ndiaigh na díleann, Bedel Gen. x 32 .

(λ) with vb. ` bind': to bind or fix sth. to a thing in motion , as a ship or a chariot. noscengland Cuchulainn Ercoil i ndiáid a charpait leis, FB § 70 . cenglathar err trén tnúthach i nd. erri óencharpait, ib. 71 . ceanglaidhidh an toiléan sin (sc. Éire)...a ndiaigh bhur long, OCT 9.4 .

(μ) idioms: diaid i ndiaid one after another = cách i ndiaid alaili (d, β). Of persons and actions: ré nói ríg déc diaid i ndiaid in continuous succession LL 144 a 48 . amal rachansam cech cert diaid i ndiaid, ib. 143 a 41 . a rígha ┐ a thóisigh diaigh a ndiaigh forin leith sin doréir a ndualgus, ZCP i 372. 24 . tángatur in fían...muin ar ṁuin ┐ druim ar dhruim ┐ d. i nd. da innsaige, Fianaig. 54. 5 . re tri lá d. a nd. for three successive days CCath. 3401 . dá chreich diaigh a ndiaigh la gallaib for muintir Sercacháin RC xviii 292. 15 . rochuir in dá chroich diaid i ndiaid forin marb, LB 231 a 3 . a bhara fa gach aon aca bás dḟulang diaidh i ndhiaidh, TSh. 4.21 . san aois féin lé ngadtar bríogha an chuirp d. i nd. go gcuireann an bás fa ghréim fa dheóigh é, ib. 67. 7 . na ndeighḟer ndiongmála lás ro hernaidhmeadh í diaidh i ndiadh, AFM vi 2048. 15 . baí an tíarla ac dol i ndaoinib d. i nd. gaining more and more people to his side ib. vi 2082. 14 . ib. 2234. 15 . naoi ccéd bliadhain deóigh a ndeóigh, 3 C 13, 558. 1 . ib. 368. 15 .—In sp. l. superseded by diaid ar ndiaid or i nd. ar nd.: do cailleadh iad go léir i ndiaidh ar ndiaidh (or d. i. nd.), W.K. do thuiteadar go léir i nd. ar nd. na gcodladh, Éinín órdha 2. 7 . Syn. cenn i cenn, druim ar druim.

i ndiaidh a chinn, i nd. mo chinn, &c. A modern idiom = headlong : do thuit sé a ndiaidh a chinn, Tor. Dh. Oss. 87 n. 3 . an taos óg aibriosc do theilgean a ndiaidh a gcinn a mbealach a mbasgaidhthe, Donlevy xviii 25 . ag imtheacht i ndiaidh a chinn without thinking, without reflecting, W.K.—dochunnaic ar tús ar dorus ifirn croinntighi ┐ na pecthaid aga píanadh inntu ┐ drem díbh aga crochadh a ndiaidh a coss (hung by their feet) ┐ dream eile a ndiaidh a láṁ ┐ drem ele a ndiaidh a folt ┐ dream a ndiaidh a teangthadh ┐ drem ele [a n]diaidh a raigthidh, Lib. Flav. ii 38 vo b 15 . an tráth dochaithfinn an tsleagh...a ndiaidh a buna (sic leg.) is a hurloinn, Brooke and R. 268. 15 - 16 .

dul i nd. a láime, mod. idiom, to go to the bad Dinneen.

na dhiaidh sin is uile, mod. idiom (also Sc.), all the same: d'imthig sé ródhianach ach na dh. s. i. u. do bhuail an tiasc leis. Also na dheabha san is uile ; cf. Manx na ili, ny yeih nevertheless. Syn. marsin féin.—Cf. e ζ.

B Prep. governing the dative.

(e) fo deud, fo diud ; Mid.-Ir. fo deoid. Mod. : fé dheoig, fé dheoig sin, fé dheo'san (fé dheabha san, see d above), W.K. synon. fé deireadh.—Translates `in fine' Sg. 9 b 21 . quasi sterquilinium in fine perdetur : trascérthar fa deóid amal salchar, PH 6063 .

(α) at last, in the end, ultimately , subsequent to all else in occurrence (but ina diad subsequent to what immediately precedes). Often, as the final link in a series of events, introduced by ar thuus, and continued by iarum, iarsin, iartain, ina diaid, &c. Opp. ar thuus, hi tuus : roét som sochaidi hi tús róslá úad uli fo deoig, Mon. Tall. 135. 18 . ar tús...iartain...fa deo, Laws v 196. 13 . cael dóib ar thús in drochet lethan imurro fo deóid, FA §§ 22 , 23 . co gránna ar tús ┐ álaind fa deoid, RC xxiv 200. 18 . dot ṡroigled for tús...┐ dot chrochad fa deoid, PH 2851 . ar tús...fa deóid, ib. 2142 . MOD. ar dtúis (a dtúis)...fé dheoigh.— ní fuair ní do biud...fo diud acht lubai in talman, SR 1568 . fo diud, ib. 3087 . ructha fo diud...a triur i mBabilóin, Rawl. 46 a . crosfigild iarum fa deud, Mon. Tall. 138. 14 . a cétul uli fa deoid, ib. 140. 29 . is and dothuit fo deoid, Laws ii 124. 15 . is éicean dó in ferann dḟácbáil fo deoid, iii 130. 22 . a ferunn rena braighe a braighe fo deoigh last of all, ii 40. 7 f.b. v 172. 2 f.b. fo deoaid in degbuaid, Gorm. Febr. 24 . a natberi sin fo déoid what you said last TBC-LL¹ 1897 . loinges O. ┐ loinges L. ┐ loinges na hingine Ruaide fa dheoigh, Cog. 40. 16 . ScM. § 12 . silled ┐ comrád iarum tadall na tam iarsin in gním fén (adultery) fa deoid, PH 7809 . nonbéra fa deoid do aittreb na flatha nemda, ib. 5358 . ib. 4297 . 4201 . 1679 . 1916 . 2656 . 6651 . 7221 . toibéchar fair co díchondirclech fa deoid ó Dia, ib. 4113 . an cholann do chur i nuaim úrghránna...do dheanaṁ talṁan dí fa dheóigh, TSh. 32. 28 ; ib. 67. 8 ; 222. 13 . fa dheóigh damnughud síorruidhe, Donlevy 148. 24 . dofuair bás fá dheoidh a gc&rdot;ann na croiche, ib. 32. 24 ; 364. 5 . neaṁaithrighe fá dheoidh final impenitence, one of the sins against the Holy Ghost, ib. 176. 15 ; 180. 3 , 17 .

(β) at last, at length , in a weakened sense, sometimes interchanging with iarsin thereupon . Often hardly distinguishable from (α). rofaillsiged dano fó deóid do Adamnán &c. (v.l. iarsin LB) FA § 3 . fortamlaigid in leoman fo deoid (v.l. andsein) forsin triur aili, RC xxiv 174. 10 . rolen in cullach ┐ dorug air fo deoigh, ZCP vi 78. 24 . iarsin dodechudsa fa deoid cor ṡuides i fiadnaise in dúileman, MacCarthy 68. 12 . Mon. Tall. 153. 22 . CCC § 5 Eg. IT i 100. 19 . nocon ḟuaratar cinaid oc Ísu...fa deoid dodechatar ann dá ghuforglige, PH 3144 .

(γ) for the last time, of order: conid hé sin marb rotaithbeógad fo deoid i nÉirind the last dead man restored to life ZCP iii 36. 1 .

(δ) last, i.e. at the end, in the rear . praeposterans .i. aní ba buthi ar thuus do thochur fo diud, Ml. 29 a 8 . anas suthin immurgu ished rolaad fo deid, Wb. 13 d 9 ... ar thús...isin luc tánaisi...isin tres luc...fáth airic imorro fa deoid is placed last Laws i 26. 10 . mo chland do dul hi cath ┐ hi crích ría cách ┐ do bith fo deóid oc tuidecht essi, Expuls. 48 .

(ε) finally , indicating the last point or conclusion of a discourse, &c. ced ed tra fo deud. amal foruigensid do peccad fognid do fírinni, Wb. 3 b 28 . fá dheóig mo dhear -bhráithreacha bíghídhe láidir sa dTighearna, Ephesians vi 10 .

(ζ) mod. idiom fé dheoidh sin is uile, a strengthened fé dheoidh : bhí sé a bfaid na ṡeasaṁ suas ach thuit sé f. d. s. i. u. but at last he fell, W.K. Synon. fé dheireadh thiar thall. Cf. d μ.

(η) mod. air ndiaidh in what follows, below : na coinghill air a labhramuid air ndiaidh the conditions we are going to speak of Donlevy 332. 14 . isan miontṡaothar so ar nd., ib. x 1 f.b .—diaid ar nd., v. d μ.

(θ) mod. as diaidh : do snaidhmeadh sí le cúigear as diaidh a chéile she was married to five men in succession (W.K.).

III Cpds. dead-blegon o, n. Last milking , opp. cét-b. : a cétblegon i llestar for leith a ṅdeadblegon i llestar naile, RC xxv 28. 3 . LL 271 a 10 . dead-ḟlaith i, m. f. Last prince or ruler (cf. déden-rí): Cleopatra... deogflaith Greg, MacCarthy 302. 19 . deodhḟlaith cheneóil Duacháin, AFM iv 778. 4 . — Cf. ded-ḟlaithus BB 11 b 32 . MacCarthy 292 g . dedól, q.v. air-dead, air-diden, q.v. ? dāl de dālaib dedarbe 'one of the encounters at the final breach' Celtica xxi 201.22 .

MOD. see I k, II a, d, e, ζ, η, θ. Sc. déidh, deóidh, deodh (air dheodh otherwise, else ).

Ded

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Ded or dil.ie/14972

 

npr. m., v. Dedad.

Dedad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Dedad or dil.ie/14974

 

Forms: Dedad, Dedhad, Dedhadh, Deadad, Deadadh, Deadhadh, Degad, Deagad, Deaadh, Degug, Dedaid, Deagaidh, Deagaidh, Deaghaidh, debaid, Dedad, Deadhadh, Dedaid, Dedaig, Deadhaidh, Degaid, Deághaidh, Dedadh, Dedad, Dedaid, Dedad, Ded, Dead, Deadh, Deag, Deda, Dedu, Deda, Dega, Dea, Dé

gen. npr. m.

Agen. Dedad (: blad, MR 212. 8 ): LU 51 b 8 . LL 12 a 9 . 14 a 9 . 17 b 15 , 32 . 18 a 27 . 152 a 20 . 319 a 1 , 9 , 15 f.b. 319 b 28 . 319 b 34 . 321 c 6 f.b. 321 c 54 . 324 e 9 . 324 f 15 . Further instances from LL: ScM. § 7 (thrice). TBC-LL¹ 1484 . CRR §§ 16. 17 .— BB 83 b 9 . 139 a 26 . 140 b 43 . 152 d 20 . 153 a 30 . 176 f 14 .— Cáin Ad. 12 . TBC-LL¹ 79 YBL. ZCP iii 44 st 21 . Fianaig. 36. 25 . Dedhad: MacCarthy 304. 2 BB. Dedhadh: Dinds. § 48 . BB 146 e 40 . Deadad: MR 212. 8 YBL. BB 148 c 51 . 153 a 51 . 163 b 7 . 169 a 44 . 176 f 17 . MacCarthy 194. 9 BB. Deadadh: BB 31 b 15 . 176 f 22 . Deadhadh: BB 176 f 5 . 231 b 45 . BS § 68. 1 . Degad: LL 390 a 38 . Fél. 96 at March 12 . Deagad: Lism. L. xvi 12 . Deaadh (disyllabic) BB 30 b 5 (cf. LL 152 a 20 ). Degug, ZCP ix 123. 21 .—acc. Dedaid TBC-LL¹ 4772 LL. Deagaidh, ib., Stowe. Deagaidh, ML 16. 6 . Deaghaidh, Stor. Keat. 69. 2 f.b.

B Extended to o-stem. By the rhyme Dedaid: debaid LL 129 a 24 this inflexion is established for the 11th century (poem by Gilla Coemáin mac Gilla Saer Samthainne † 1072). —nom. Dedad: LL 323 d 36 . 324 e 10 . Rawl. 153 b 17 . Deadhadh, BB 172 a 44 . — gen. Dedaid: LL 129 a 24 ( MacCarthy 194. 7 ). 138 a 46 . 144 b 20 . 170 a 3 . 198 b 34 . 198 b 2 f.b. 336 b 18 . 350 e 47 . 198 a 50 (: sain). Rawl. 147 a 30 ; 158. 21 . Dedaig: LL 129 a 25 ( MacCarthy 194. 9 ). Deadhaidh, BB 172 a 44 . 173 b 45 . Top. Poems 122. 2 f.b. Degaid, SG 280. 17 . Deághaidh, ML 16. 17 .—dat. Dedadh, Dinds. § 48 . —acc. Dedad, TBC-LL¹ 4772 YBL.

C Nom.

(a) Dedaid, LL 319 c 15 , orig. the acc. and dat. of A.

(b) Dedad, v. B.

(c) Ded , Lec. 409 a 49 . Rawl. 149 a 40 , 43 ; 151 a 39 . Laud 610 98 a = ZCP viii 314. 35 . Dead, Lec. 409 a 44 . BB 173 b 49 . Deadh, 173 b 44 , 48 (cf. 176 f 14 ). 176 f 31 . Deag, Lec. 418 a 51 . 586 b 35 . Old nom. of A. A nom. Deda ( Contribb. 599 ; Dedu, MacNéill Pop. Gr. 84 ) does not seem to occur, unless Beda's Deda (`presbyter et abbas de monasterio Peartaneu,' Beda 2. 16 ) comes in here. In Mid.-Ir. frequently confused with Daig (gen. Dega) and Dea, Dé. Thus BB 176 b 40 , 178 d 18 : meic Deadhadh (meic Cuirc) for meic Dega (sic LL 320 e 12 , 20 f.b. Cf. ib. 319 c 32 . BB 172 b 4 . 176 b 27 ). Ireoil mac Degad, LB 20 e 14 = Iriel mac Deaa, BB 223 a 25 . Cf. Daig and 1 Dea.

D.¤ mac Coirpri grandson of Niall of the nine hostages and father of Gemle BB 83 b 9 . D.¤ mac Dáiri Cherba grandson of Ailill Flann Bec. Húi Dedad in Eoganachta traced to him LL 319 c 15 . Brother of Eocho, Fidach, Fiacha, Dau, Dáire BB 173 b 44 . 173 b 48 . Cf. 176 f 31 . Lec. 409 a 44 , 49 . Rawl. 149 a 40 . LL 319 c 15 . Father of Dau, Der, Lugaid , ib. Father of Bracan BB 176 f 14 . D.¤ mac Degluini grandson of Eterscéle mac Degloth and father of Braccán LL 321 c 6 f.b. BB 176 f 17 . D.¤ mac Domnaill grandson of Donn mac Dubṡalach LL 323 d 36 . Rawl. 153 b 17 . Stor. Keat. 69. 2 f.b. D.¤ mac Fiachrach Bruige nó mac Fiachrach o Éle brother of Dau BB 173 b 49 . D.¤ mac Sin grandson of Ro-Ṡin mac Trir , a contemporary of Conchobar mac Nessa and provincial king of Ireland, MacCarthy 304. 2 . Cóiced Sláinge his province BB 31 b 15 . Foster-father of Dau LL 129 a 24 , 25 . 319 a 1 f.b. Rawl. 143 a 17 . 147 a 30 . MacCarthy 194. 7 , 9 . Father of seventeen sons MR 212. 8 YBL. Father of Ailill: LL 144 b 20 . 336 b 18 . 350 e 47 . BB 176 f 22 . Of Braccán, LL 144 b 20 . BB 176 b 22 . Of Conall Anglondach: BB 152 d 20 . 153 a 30 , 51 . Of Echbél: ScM. § 7 . Of Futhi: LL 144 b 20 . 324 e 9 , f 15 . BB 139 a 26 . Lec. 406 a 17 . Of Garbán: LL 198 b 34 . Dinds. § 48 . Of Iar: BB 140 b 43 . 146 e 40 . 148 c 51 . Of Dáire (thus also LL 144 b 20 . 319 a 9 f.b. , b 28 . BB 152 d 20 ), Binne, Ros (cf. LL 152 a 20 . BB 30 b 5 . ZCP iii 44 st 21 ), Forói, Glass, Conganchness (cf. ScM. § 7 . LL 138 a 46 . BB 169 a 44 ) ┐ rl., LL 319 a 15 f.b. Four more sons mentioned BB 152 d 20 , which added to those mentioned above give seventeen, the number given of his sons MR l.c. Father of Daríne, Fianaig. 36. 25 . Brother of Teth LL 324 e 9 . BB 139 a 26 . Of Febra mac Sin, Dinds. § 48 . — D.¤ derg díumsach, ML 16. 6 , 17 . D.¤ , father of Dairne Donn, SG 280. 17 . D.¤ Dian, father of Senach Garb, LL 198 a 50 . D.¤ Dron, father of Echtge LL 170 a 3 . 198 b 2 f.b. Mess Dedaid, Rawl. 158. 21 . O'Deadhaigh, Top. Poems 122. 2 f.b. —In sept-names: Húi Dedad (i.e. Dedad meic Dáiri Cerba): LL 321 c 54 . 390 a 38 . BLism. 45 a 2 . BB 172 a 44 . 173 b 45 . 176 f 5 . Cf. Hogan. Clanna (Clann) Dedad (i.e. Dedad meic Sin): a frequent name for the Érainn; cf. Ernai Muman día mbátar C. D.¤ , LL 14 a 9 . LU 51 b 8 . do chlannaib Dedad meic Sin, TBC-LL¹ 79 YBL. LL 319 b 34 . TBC-LL¹ 1484 . Fél. p. 96 . Recartacha D.¤ , CRR § 16 . —In nom. loci: Luachair Dedad: LL 12 a 9 . 17 b 15 , 32 . 18 a 27 . ScM. § 7 . BS § 68. 1 .

dedaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dedaid or dil.ie/14975

 

Forms: -deda, dedait, dedas, notedmais, nodedais, nundedais, dedussa, -ded, -dedsat, conrodeda, con-deda

ā, a primary reduplicated verb † di-dā-ti, belonging to the Oir. period only. For etymology v. Strachan KZ xxxiii 207 . Zupitza, ib. xxxvii 388 .—pr. ind. 3 sg. -deda, Ml. 22 d 7 . 118 b 2 . 3 pl. dedait (transl. a future), 79 b 10 . subj. 3 sg. dedas, 104 d 1 . impf. ind. 1 pl. notedmais (sic), 131 c 4 . 3 pl. nodedais, 102 d 14 . subj. 3 pl. nundedais, 83 b 3 . s-pret. 1 sg. dedussa, 44 d 10 . 50 b 13 . 3 sg. -ded , 111 b 12 . 3 pl. -dedsat, 22 d 6 .—conrodeda (contabuit), Ml. 118 b 2 , seems an imitation of the Latin; v. con-deda.

I Melts away, decays, wastes . Translating Lat. tabescere, contabescere, tabefieri, evanescere.

(a) of things: of the flesh on the bones : horudeda ind feúil forsnaib cnámaib, Ml. 22 d 7 . tabefactae carnes .i. horudedsat, 22 d 6 .

(b) of persons: tabescere . . . macie .i. dedas, ib. 104 d 1 . tabescere (like the wax before the fire), gl. cid nundedais, 83 b 3 . uani erunt et euanescent, gl. ┐ dedait, 79 b 10 . maerore contabui .i. rodedussa, 44 d 10 . desiderio tabescebamus, gl. notedmais, 131 c 4 . miseria tabefactus sum .i. rodedussa, 50 b 3 .

(c) of life : uita nostra salutis disperatione contabuit .i. roded, ib. 111 b 12 . contabuit, gl. conrodeda, 118 b 2 .

II Becomes weary, exhausted , transl. Lat. fatiscere, Synon. with scíthaigidir: et manus iugi opere fatiscebant .i. nodedais .i. noscithaigtis ón, ib. 102 d 14 .—Cf. con-deda.

dergaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dergaid or dil.ie/15630

 

Forms: dergsus, dergtar

v (derg) IGT Verbs § 80 . reddens .

I Trans.

(a) reddens, makes red (esp. of bloodshed): búaid úas chret charpait glinni | dercas rinni ruada which stains with blood strong spear-points, LU 3363 ( SCC § 15 ). níro derg C. a claideb i n-Erind, LU 9043 ( FB § 79 ). Dare derg roderg frossa who shed torrents of blood, LL 158b27 . ag rígh dar derg cnedh any king that ever dealt a red wound, ZCP viii 224 § 35 . tug dorn ar a dēd . . . | a ucht gur' dearg da dondfuil, 231 § 27 . dergsus (pret. 3 s. with suff. pron. 3 pl.), LL 116a21 .

(b) makes red-hot, heats, kindles, burns: dergthair coltur . . . i tenid, LL 329a40 . cuirthir ar smeroidibh ┐ dergthar amail smeroidi, 3 C 19, 231vb16 . do dergsabair mór ndaiger, SG 37.4 . Áth Truim ar dheóradhuib dergas, Studies 1920, 417.23 .

(c) causes to blush, reddens (with shame or anger): do dergfuind a dreich gairthi d'Ó Cháimh, Ériu iv 220.1 . am dhán níor dheargas duine, Book of O'Conor Don 195a21 . Cf. Content. xxi § 3 n. : ní mó dheargfaid . . . iad féin le roibhriocht mo rann will not be shamed (offended). Impers. in pass.: dergtar fá ghnúis Dhiarmada D.'s face flushes, SG 266.6 . ar cluinsin na mbriathar sin do Muire do dergad impi she blushed, 3 B 22, 47 b24 . Cf. imm-derga.

(d) reddens (soil), hence turns up (soil), digs, ploughs: rodheargsat isna hionaduibh sin uile (the oxen) turned up all the soil in those districts, BNnÉ 39.15 . deargfuid treabhthaigh na tulcha farmers will till (even) the hills, Book of O'Conor Don 221b9 .

II Intrans.

(a) draws blood, wounds, with FOR, AR (in some cases orig. trans., arm, ga, etc. being understood; cf. dergfat-sa mo lainn . . . for na Conanaib, MR 78.13 ): atbailedh [intí] for a ndergdáis, Dinds. 39 ( RC xv 427.20 ). tug sathadh sleigi isin dragun ┐ nir derg air, ZCP vi 295.19 . ní dergdais airm aruib, Ériu iv 222 § 39 .

(b) grows red, flushes: ro-dérg ┐ ro-ruthnig in mílid, PH 7235 . cuimiltir in corp uili no go nderguidh, 3 C 19, 206 ra7 . ro derg . . . in t-aeor, CCath. 2327 . Note also: dergaid .i. deimniugudh, O'Curry 964 ( H 3.18 415 ).

dergnat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dergnat or dil.ie/15647

 

Forms: dergnaide

n f. (derg ?) flea: d.¤ .i. derga iat nō derg a ned nō a dēd , Corm. Y 452 . lan duirn do deargnadaib, Laws v 276.5 Comm. d'iarruigh dearnaide (sic), 1 Sam. xxvi 20 . pl. dergnaide, O'Gr. Cat. 228.4 . nirbat d.¤ chormthighi (i.e. a nuisance in good company ?), LL 124 marg. sup. ni bat d.¤ colla coirme hi tig rurech, LU 3470 ( SCC 25 ). dlighidh gach flaith urerge . . . ní dlighidh in flaith acht fo thri roimhi aurergi isin aen láithi . . . rob écóir don ri deargnait airechta do deunum don céile the prince is entitled to [have the vassal] rise before him only three times in one day . . . it would be wrong for the chief to make an assembly-flea of the vassal (by causing him to jump up constantly), O'D. 514 ( H 3.17 418 ) (from which it seems likely that the expression d.¤ airechta, coirmthige, etc., came to be applied to a restless, obsequious, or forward person).

1 dét

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dét or dil.ie/15797
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: d., déid, d., déit, dēt, dēta, deoit, dētu, déta, dēda, dētuib, ndeut, déd

n nt, n. a s. d.¤ , ZCP i 64 . g s. déid, A. Ó Dálaigh xliii 6 (late MSS.). d s. d.¤ , Ml. 117d5 (see GOI § 325 ), Cóir Anm. 41 . déit, Sg. 67b10 . n p. dēt, IT i 132 . ZCP viii 196 . dēta, BDD 2 . MacCongl. 97 . O'Dav. 1057 . deoit, TBC-LL¹ 5309 . Otia ii 88 . a p. dētu, ZCP iii 20 . déta, LL 23b48 . IT i 69 . dēda, ZCP xii 387 (Laud 615). d p. dētuib, SR 8360 . RC xxiv 382 . TBC-LL¹ 4524 . PH . g p. inna ndeut , Ériu ii 136 . d.¤ , LL 193a5 . Trip.² 1319 . im cholg ṅd.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 2572 . acc. du. idir adám d.¤ , Lism. L. 4547 . déd m., IGT Decl. § 95 .

I Tooth: do déit gl. ad dentem, Sg. 67b10 . huan dét ascatu gl. emulo dente, Ml. 117d5 . gela det and, dubai brai, IT i 132 . biait a beóil partardeirg imma deta nemanda, 69 . batar inand ┐ frais do nemannaib a deta ina cind, BDD § 2 . nad accamar gen gári for du déta riam, LL 279a10 . beóil deirg thanaide leiss, deoit niamda némanda, TBC-LL¹ 5309 . robean a deda he gnashed his teeth, Dinds. 80 . crith for detuib chattering of teeth, SR 8360 . PH . crith ar détaib, RC xxiv 382 . a déta for crith, PH 7760 . duiscthi drenn .i. crithnaiges detu, ZCP iii 20 . nocha foghnann a dhéta don torc sin d'ithi neich, O'Dav. 1057 . uair nach tarba in cend cen a deta ho minigther na biada dona ballaib, PH 6817 . d.¤ fiss Fionn's wisdom-tooth under which he placed his thumb when seeking inspiration: atrubairt friss a d.¤ fiss | re mac Cumaill cen eslis, LL 207b21 . Festschr. Stokes 8 . tuc a ordain fo a d.¤ fis, 7 do faillsiged fírinne dhó, Acall. 203 . mó dhed fis, RC xiii 7 . CF p. 74 .

II Set of teeth, the teeth. Cf. idir adám d.¤ (of the upper and lower teeth), Lism. L. 4547 . nocha ttainic tar a dhéd | ní badh breg nó bhadh brefal, ZCP i 164 = Mart. Don. July 25 . póga dlúithe dā dhéd thirim, 3 C 13, 579 . an déad ar dath néamhuinne, TD 15.182 . tarla i mbéal na mbriathar mall | déad roigheal mar ḟras néamhann, 39.18 . bean an déid daithghil, A. Ó Dálaigh xliii 6 . an déad arna dhubhadh, TSh. 32 . nā mealludh so thú . . . an mhala chaol nā an déad ceart even teeth (?), 23 D 4, 131 . Fig. déad suim re sonnadh suain `an efficacious palisade round my sleep', Ó Bruad. ii 128 .

III As attrib. gen., of ivory . See Reeves Ad. 159 .

(a) In colg (claideb etc.) d.¤ ivory-hilted sword: rogabastar a ocht claidbini ima arm d.¤ ndrechsolus, TBC-I¹ 1913 ( im cholg ṅd.¤ ṅd.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 2572 ). calg d.¤ .i. ara mbiat na helta d.¤ .i. d.¤ míl moir a imduirn `on which are the hilts of tooth, i.e. its hilts are of a whale's tooth', O'Dav. 567 . claidib . . . co n-eltaib d.¤ co n-imduirnib airgdidib, LL 53a5 . claideb d.¤ (c. co n-eltaib d.¤ , c. co nd.¤ , c. co n-imdorn d.¤ , v.l.), BDD 103 . calc d.¤ co nimdurn diad, TBC-I¹ 3159 . a ocht ngothnatha má goth néit, 1915 . a n-ocht cuilg ṅd.¤ ┐ a n-ocht ṅgothnatta neíd (néd, neid, v.l.), TBC-LL¹ 3557 . re lainn d.¤ ` ivoried blade ', O'Gr. Cat. 376 . iarla . . . colg ndéad, 3 C 1 3, 773 . i ráith . . . na gcolg ndéad, TD 25.18 .

(b) With other nouns: cloch medóin do dhornchla dh.¤ , IGT Decl. ex. 80 . ar ndornchur ndéd noilfint, Rel. Celt. ii 262 . go n-a brannuibh déad, Ériu i 95 (`with its ivory chessmen', J. Fleming). branán déd Clár na cCuradh (epithet of a chief), 23 L 17, 47 b . Cf. further: cen dailb ṅdet | ainm Essa Ruaid co romet, LL 213a50 = gan deil ndet . . . romeid, BB 392a26 . furtain cēt a cuid prainne | i ndubtair dhet degcaille, BB 393b35 = LL 214a8 .

Compds. ¤bán white-toothed: macaom . . . dedbán, LL 396.5 . ¤chengtach (?): badb detcengtach, Cog. 174 . ¤chain n.pr. m. gen. m. D. m. Niad, LL 349g (= Dedchain, LB 17a ). ¤gel white-toothed , LL 130b8 . Metr. Dinds. iii 182 . O'Gr. Cat. 405 . ¤glés gnashing of teeth (?): d. ┐ imchomailt fiacla na míledh, TTr.² 866 . ¤idu toothache: mecon sobargine do cur fon cacuilt ┐ icaid detiga, 24 B 3, 56.37 . icaid siban . . . in detiguin, 60.30 . Cf. déideadh, Dinneen . ¤ tooth-brilliance: in cétrí (sic leg.) rogab in bith | glan a dētlī ┐ a dath, BB 487a13 . ¤ṡolus bright-toothed , LL 266b43 . TD 20.112 . Dāire d., CF 11 . Déadṡolus, a fanciful Hibernicization of Daedalus , TD 20.58 .

1 dluigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dluigid or dil.ie/17068

 

Forms: rodluighedh, dluige

v (dluige) IGT Verbs § 111 . splits, cleaves, rends asunder: dluigh in crann, Fél. p. 110 ( Fél. Apr. 4 ). dluigid [in gaeth] in fairgi cor bo lēr in talam, Aen. 239 . co ndluighi nó co letrann in cnes, O'Dav. 1179 . co radluiget ┐ co radianscaileat in flaithius, TTebe 176 . Fergus, Oengus, . . . do dluigtis fuilt scalped (?), ZCP x 43 . rodluid [Moisi] in ḟairrgi roime, Lec. 550b37 . tug dorn ar a déd gur' dluig, ZCP viii 231 . dobert an Gall buille do B. gur dluigh an cend co léir, Cog. 202 . rí rán do dluig riasin slúag | a druimni dogba dubrúad, SR 4045 (? cf. 5879 ). do buail an ffleisc frisin nathraigh gur rodluighestair ar dhó, Leb. Gab.(i) 196 . rodloidestar a cathbarr imo ceand, BB 408a9 . radluichsiot a gruaidhe dia n-ingnibh, Aisl. Tond. p. 95 . Intrans. dlugis mo churach fóm, LU 1840 ( RC ix 494 ). go rodluigset ┐ go rodloingset a scēith, TBC-LL¹ 3810 . In pass. rodluighedh ┐ rodianscáiledh smachtchain na hairdrighi, CCath. 288 . rodluigid ┐ rodianscailit na coillti, TTebe 288 . Hence scatters, disperses: in tamon dluiges co hobond fīrsrotha na bairdne, O'Dav. 1203 . Cf. further the follg.: Cath Murbhuilg . . . go rodluigheadh roba dúr `till it was closed it was stiff' (till it was broken up, dispersed?), Keat. i p. 180 .

Analyses, solves: dlom .i. indis no dluig no aisnéid, O'Dav. 663 .

Vn. dluige. See dlongid.

do-tluchethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-tluchethar or dil.ie/18526
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: do-s-fothlaig, tothlaig, tothluigther, duttluchur, du-n-tluchur, du-n-thluichiur-sa, duthluchim-se, todlai[g]ther, duthluchedar, dotluichethar, d-a-thluchethar, dotluigigter, du-n-tlucham, duthluchetar, duthlucher, todlaiger-sa, duthluich[ed, dotluchestar, durothlaigestar, dorothlaigset, rotodlaigestar, tothlaigthe, tothlugud

v (* to-tluch-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 650 ) Ipv. 2 s. do-s-fothlaig, LL 14135 . tothlaig, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 18.1 . pass. 3 s. tothluigther, Éigse xxxvii 76 § 3 (= Ériu xiii 40.17 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. duttluchur, PCr. 60a5 . du-n-tluchur, Ml. 74d3 . du-n-thluichiur-sa, Études Celt. xl 64 ( Ml. 44c20 ). duthluchim-se, 71c20 . 2 s. ara todlai[g]ther , 32a5 . 3 s. duthluchedar, 38d1 . dotluichethar, 36a28 . d-a-thluchethar, 30a10 . dotluigigter, Laws ii 316.z . 1 pl. du-n-tlucham, Wb. 21d9 . 3 pl. duthluchetar, Ml. 85d5 . Subj. pres. 1 s. duthlucher, Ml. 49d10 . todlaiger-sa, 38c22 . Impf. 3 s. duthluich[ed, Ml. 124d9 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. dotluchestar, Hy. v 47 . durothlaigestar, Trip.² 283 . dorothlaigset, 1146 . nad rotodlaigestar , Ml. 124d9 . Part. tothlaigthe. Vn. tothlugud. In Mid.Ir. treated as simple vb. with stem tothlaig-, tochlaig-.

(a) desires, craves, beseeches, asks (usually of an expressed desire or request): gl. efflagitare, Ml. 49d10 ; exigere, 85d5 ; petere, 21b3 , cf. Wb. 21d9 ; poscere, Ml. 30a10 , 32a5 , 38d1 ; postulare, 38c22 . tothluigim .i. altaighim, O'Dav. 1565 . in trath tothlaigit cain when they demand law, Laws iv 228 . mír dothluchestar, Hy. v 47 . tothlaigestar dig, IT i 138 ( LU 10596 ) (dothothluigestar, Eg.). tocluidhset biadh, RC xiv 60 . duthluchedar techt im-mes in chom[ded], Ml. 38d1 . tothlaigit nóim Erenn tidecht na dunibad, RC xii 426.2 . dorothlaigset imchaissin Críst, Trip.² 1146 = dorothlaichset, Lat. Lives 27 . With CO, Ó, AR (FOR) of pers. asked: amal dunthlaichiur-sa cucut . . . thu fortacht as I ask of thee thy help, Ml. 44c20 . dorothlaig bannscal co Dubthach co tised Brigit le, Lat. Lives 69 . dorothlaigestar a mberla-sa gu Gaedheal, Auraic. 207 . rathothlaigsetar . . . co rothothlaiged saide co Athirne ní dia éicsi do thadbsin dóib that he would ask A. to show, Ériu vii 4 . dotluchor dilgad o Dia, Corm. Y 20 (arco). dutluchadar dilguth . . . o n-a brathrib, Ériu vii 160 . tothlaigit bennachtain uad, RC x 80 . rothothlaigset fortacht o Dia, PH 6292 . ar Cormac rothothlaig Cairpre . . . an teagasg-sa, Tec. Corm. 2 n. 1 . rothothlaig ar an Coimdhed cu tarda thalmain . . . dhó, Lism. L. 3560 . tothlaigh taithleach ar an Uan, Ó Bruad. i 6 . intí dia ndligi ḟiachu, dosfothlaig fair from him who owes thee (lit. from whom thou art entitled to) debts demand them, RC iii 184 . durothlaigestar P. tri itgi fair, Trip.² 283 . tothlaigis sin iarata ferainn fair asked a grant of land, BB 191a53 . rothothlaigh Guairi for Senchan .i. Táin Bo C. do faisneis, ACL iii 4 . dorothlaig fair co ro-innised ferta Brigte, Hy. v Pref . ( Thes. ii 327 ). With FRI: imscarad dotluigi(g)t[h]er flaith fri aigillni which the chief requests from the tenant, ZCP xiv 385 § 50 ( Laws ii 316 ). adgaur nó duttluchur gl. convenio (used of summoning before a tribunal, taking action against), PCr. 60a5 .

(b) In later med. texts tochlaigid craves for food (esurit): mac . . . is ferr gne . . . ┐ is ferr tochluighis who has most appetite, 3 C 19, 223ra34 . da ttocluighi in ben torrach neithedh grainemla, 224rb7 .

2 elta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 elta or dil.ie/19996

 

n (< ON hjalt, pl. hjǫlt, `the boss or knob at the end of a sword's hilt; also the guard between the hilt and the blade.' See Marstrander, Bidrag 77 , 44 ). Usually the guard between the hilt and the blade; the crosspieces at right angles to the blade and hilt, apparently always pl. (see Marstr. l.c.); the Norse pl. is used in ref. to the two guards, confining the hand above and below; in Ir. the upper knob is perhaps distinguished in mul-elta (q.v.), but elta in one instance clearly means the guard next the blade; in the others there is nothing to define the location: sádis C. a chlaideb co ránic conici a elta trisin tech, LL 268 bx = MU 44 x . claidheamh co n-éltaibh óir, Leb. Cert. 146.14 = BB 275 b1 . claidem ...cona eltaib snaidtib slemonsoilsib do raighnib na lecc lógmar, CCath. 4689 . no láetis na saignena...a cobradha da sciathaib ┐ a n-elta da claidhmibh, 4779 . bai claideb la S., orduirnn a elta, airgidi a fulang, forordha a comet, breachtfaebrach a éo, IT iii 199 § 59 . inad elta a claideb, TBC-LL¹ 2995 . e.¤ dét = ON tannhjǫlt, claideb co n-eltaib dét = tannhjaltat sverd Marstrander, Bidrag 44 . claidib debennacha co n-eltaib dét co n-imduirnib airgdidib, TFerbe 4 . coica claideb n-órduirn n-intlaisse co n-eltaib dét ecoir óir ┐ argit, 35 . claideb co n-eltaib dét, TBC-LL¹ 1718 (= calc ded , TBC-I¹ 1113 ). 5196 . colga det (.i. claidme co n-eltuibh déd), Ériu ii 3.12 (n. 32) . cloidhiomh...go n-a altaibh do chnáimh eileaphaint, Todd Lect. iv 80.14 (CRR2). bai claidium Murchaid ar na insma, ┐ elta det batar aicci rolegsat re rotesbach im[b]ualta, Cog. 196.2 .

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