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ad-opair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-opair or dil.ie/529
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: adopuir, a-tn-opuir, -udbair, -idbarat, adobarar, adoparar, adopar, -idparar, adopartar, adobartar, edbair, adoparthe, (m)ad-id-ipre, adoibertair, atopartha, ataopera, atob-opérat, athoperainn, atrópert, adopart, adrobart, adodpart, édbairt, adrobartat, opartat, adrópartadar, edbartatar, edbairset, adropred, atamroipred, adoibriudh, atdopartha, edberthe, udbairti, idba(i)rt, a(i)dbr(a)id

v (*ad-uss-ber-, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 468 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. adopuir, Thes. ii 241.1 . a-tn-opuir, 253.6 (Stowe Miss.). ad-idn-opair, Ml. 66b4 . -udbair, Laws iii 52.8 . 3 pl. -idbarat, Wb. 1b20 . Pass. sg. adobarar, Wb. 10c3 . adoparar, 11b15 . See also atoibenar. adopar, Ml. 73a10 . -idparar, Wb. 5b6 . Pl. adopartar, Wb. 10c1 . adobartar, Ml. 60b17 . Ipv. 2 s. edbair, Trip.² 970 . Indic. impf. pass. sg. adoparthe, Wb. 15d20 .

Subj. pres. 3 s. (m)ad-id-ipre, Ériu vii 154 § 4 . Pass. pl. adoibertair, Anecd. i 42.9 . Subj. impf. 2 s. atopartha, ZCP v 498.20 . Fut. 3 s. ataopera, Trip.² 1585 . 3 pl. atob-opérat, Ériu ii 196 § 10 . Condit. 1 s. athoperainn, Trip.² 1886 .

Pret. and perf. 3 s. atrópert, Thes. ii 238.12 . adopart, 239.6 ; 242.9 , .19 . adrobart, Ml. 32b23 ; Trip.² 1909 . adodpart, Mon. Tall. 134.2 (§ 19) . ro édbairt , Trip.² 385 . 3 pl. adrobartat (sic MS.), Ml. 14a16 . at opartat , Gael. 50, 123 ( Blathm. 64 ). adrópartadar, Trip.² 2730 . ró edbartatar , 2660 . ro edbairset , 720 . Pass. sg. adropred, Wb. 15d20 . atamroipred, Ml. 44c17 . adoibriudh, O'D. 2189 (Nero A vii 132b). Pl. atdopartha, ZCP viii 173.z .

Part. edberthe, ZCP vii 484 ( Enchir. Aug. 84b ). Verbal of necess. udbairti, Laws iii 52.11 Comm. Vn. idba(i)rt. IGT Verbs § 46 . Later as simple vb. a(i)dbr(a)id (aud-, id-, ed-).

(a) offers up, sacrifices: a n-adobarar do ídlaib `what is offered to idols', Wb. 10c3 . dund idbairt adoparthe dar cenn peccati , 15d20 . adidnopair fessin du dia `who offers himself to God', Ml. 66b4 . cech ṅaudpairt adroipred, Fél. Ep. 346 . adropart Noe . . . / edpart uag uad don Comdid, SR 2617 . din tuaith ad-obart in n-ón `of the people who sacrificed the lamb', Ériu xviii 28 § 6 . cenél na pagan . . . atoboperat (odberad, atauiberaid, v.ll.) dia ndeeb fesne `who will offer you up', Ériu ii 196 § 10 (LB). dichain dichetal fair ┐ adodpair do dēib īdal, Corm. Y 756 . atā nī as dēodo liom dīt .i. edpair edparta mōra, ZCP iii 227.16 . atrobarthar (edbarthar v.l.) cet[h]ra ┐ édperta lubaide lib-si forsna h-altorib, Alex. 950 . go n-iodhbraim . . . dheit / m'anamsa . . ., Aithd. D. 92.66 . Of setting aside for religious vocation: adropart dā maic dec ┐ dā ingin dec Deo, Rawl. 148a41 . dí óig . . . ró ed bartatar a n-óigi don Choimdid, Trip.² 2660 . ro baithes di ingen Ailella . . . ┐ rus n-edbair a n-athair du Día, 2168 . edhbrais é féin do Bhrenainn amhail manach ndileas, BNnÉ 85 § 174 .

(b) offers, grants, bequeaths: roédbairt Díchu do Pátraic in Saball, Trip.² 385 . dorairgert . . . mucc . . . cecha bliadnae do Pátraic ┐ is ed ón at[o]berar fos, 427 . atropartatar lánéraic a mbanchró do A., Cáin Ad. 29 . adopart si dó ind maigin imbui `she bestowed on him the spot where he was', Mon. Tall. 134.9 (§ 19) . ni udbair nech seilb acht mad ni do ruaicle, `nobody should grant land except such as he has purchased himself', Laws iii 52.8, 11 Comm. ní odoperar don eclais sin ni ructar diam neich ní, O'D. 918 (H 3.17, 654 ) = adubenar . . . nech ní adoibriudh, 2189 (Nero A vii, 132 b). Cormac [mac] Diarmata roidpair Imblech n-Ech do Chomgall Bendchuir, Rawl. 122b7 . aidbret manchine a clann ┐ a cinél . . . do, BColm. 34 § 35 . audbrais dó a baile fora híc she offered him her stead for her salvation, Dinds. 36 . ( RC xv 424 ). is e fein roedbair in manestir . . . du Dia, Ann. Conn. 1224.2 .

ad-rími

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-rími or dil.ie/550

Forms: adrímiu, -airmim, -airmiu, adrimi, -airmi, adrimi, atarimi, atrim[i], adindrími, -áirmi, -ármi, adrimet, atarimet, adrimther, adrimter, adrímter, adrimiter, adrimetar, -ármidhter, -áirimh, adrimtis, atarímtis, -arim, adríme, adrimet, adrimther, -árimther, adrímed, -airmed, -airmitis, adrimfem, adrímfiter, adrímfetar, adrímfinn, atarurmius, adruirim, -arraim, barruim, adruirmisset, a-ta-ruirmiset, adruirmed, aírmithi, áram, áirmid

v (* ad-rím-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 602 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. adrímiu, LU 9323 . -airmim, Sg. 205a2 . -airmiu, Thes. ii 338.2 . 2 s. adrimi siu, Ml. 24b6 . -airmi, LU 10269 . 3 s. adrimi som, Wb. 14d2 ; Ml. 24a13 . atarimi, 111c17 . atrim[i], 49a11 . adindrími, -áirmi, Wb. 13d17 . -ármi, 6a1 . 3 pl. adrimet, Ml. 129d19, 22 . atarimet, Sg. 26b6 . Pass. sg. adrimther, Ml. 46d24 . Thes. ii 246.26 . Pl. adrimter, Ml. 99d9 . adrímter, Sg. 202a5 . adrimiter, Thes. ii 246.28 . adrimetar, Ml. 111a10 . -ármidhter, TTr.² 193 . Ipv. 2 s. -áirimh, Ériu ix 177 § 7 . Indic. impf. 3 pl. adrimtis, Ml. 91a6 . atarímtis, Sg. 188a3 . Subj. pres. 1 s. -arim, Wb. 14d17 . 2 s. adríme, Thes. ii 28.32 . 3 pl. adrimet, Ml. 103b5 . Pass. sg. adrimther, Thes. ii 10.6 . -árimther, Críth G. 2 . Subj. impf. 3 s. adrímed, Ml. 21a4 . Sg. 69a5 . -airmed, Ml. 46b31 . 3 pl. -airmitis, Trip.² 1885 . Fut. 1 pl. adrimfem, Ml. 14d5 . Pass. pl. adrímfiter, Sg. 153b1 . adrímfetar, Thes. ii 229.30 . Condit. 1 s. adrímfinn, Trip.² 2107 . Pret. and perf. 1 s. atarurmius, Hib. Min. 3. 383 . 3 s. adruirim, Ml. 28d5 . -arraim, 49c9 . barruim, TBC-LL¹ 4761 . 3 pl. adruirmisset, Ml. 101b2 . a-ta-ruirmiset, Sg. 188a1 . Pass. sg. adruirmed, Wb. 2d7 . Part. of necess. aírmithi, Wb. 8c13 . See áirmide. Vn. áram. Later as simple vb. áirmid. IGT Verbs § 68 .

I

(a) counts, numbers, computes: amal as ndliged fir bís i n-arim do neuch atarimi `to one that counts them', Ml. 111c17 . ar mad iar n-aicniud adrimther, Thes. ii 10.6 (Bcr).— atairim-si, ol si. Atairimi iarom — count them . . . he counts them, Irish Texts i 3 § 9 . rimfed rind . . . .i. no airmebad rétglanna nime, ACC § 64 ( RC xx 258 ). tuccait . . . a murthréta mucc a fedaib . . . ro rímit ┐ ra hármit, TBC-LL¹ 76 . ada usce nosbera . . . for nim atrímther a laug, LB 228 marg. sup. og iarraid co nairmither fri re `full price of fosterage is reckoned by the time', Laws ii 174.19 . iss é dédenach roarmed it was the last that was numbered, BColm. 92.21 . noco n-airimther ganim mara ni hairemthar ar marbad do macaib ríg, RC xviii 173.12 . co-n-airmestur gainemh mara, RC xxiv 381.4 . do áirmhius noí fichit scíath, ZCP viii 223.1 .

(b) In more general sense of records, recounts, mentions: in gnímai adrimter hi libur iudicum , Ml. 99d9 . nī rurīmiu nī āirmiu / a ndorigēnai ind nóebdūil `I cannot reckon, I count not what the holy creature hath done', Thes. ii 338.2 (Hy. v). co n-árimther inna grá[d] téchtu that he may be reckoned in his proper grade, Críth G. 2 . in tan nach a ngradaib flatha airimter na riga sin, Laws v 24.z Comm. cech martir adrímem, Fél. July 17. Ep. 87 . roairmiustar (roairmestar v.l.) D. douibhsium a n-anmanna, Anecd. ii 55 § 17 . ni roarmide hicond rig Leue no Beniemin it has not been told that L. or B. were with the king, Rawl. 79a7 . atrímead filid na n-G. comtís . . ., Alex. 249 . airem daib seanchassai . . . bar múinntire relate to them, Alex. 191 . ní ruirmiu, ní airémha . . . / a tainic de ancessaib Eireann . . ., AFM ii 600.17 . ni aireomamaid a cogtha, L. Chl. S. § 37 . a ccreacha . . . ni hairimter hi leabraibh, Cog. 38.21 . d'eis ar áirmemar / ar M. in addition to all we have recounted of M., BNnÉ 223.11 . ar áirmhis oruibh d'eachtaibh / do shíol E. `as for the deeds you have told of the race of E.' Content. iv 18 .

(c) takes into account: ni armim-sea ón I take no account of that, TBC-LL¹ 5085 . cona hairmithea bunad eitir `original ownership is not reckoned (i.e. taken into consideration) at all', Laws ii 370.3 Comm. nír airmedar na h-esbada sin o ranic an Maél Flidaise leó they did not count (i.e. they made light of) these losses since they had the M.F., Celt. Rev. iv 206.31 . díanam airmitis-[s]e mu bráthair oc raind a feraind if my brothers should take me into consideration in the dividing of his land, Trip.² 1885 . mad t'árim . . . bail i m-biat dagláich . . . nít ármem itir ┐ nít imradem, TBC-LL¹ 1853 .

(d) counts as, regards as; considers to be: is samlid atrim[i]som in forcomet sin amal bid coscrad dognethe do `it is thus he reckons that protection as though it had been destroyed', Ml. 49a11 . bāeth, buide . . . macne Ailb (nailb v.l.) āirmi (airmighther v.l.), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 13 § 1 `thou reckonest the sons of A.,' Ériu xii 201 . ise an Toirrdelbach sin as mó airmhid Conallaig orra do brisedh catha Chnuic an Bodha `it is to this T. that the C. give the most credit on their own side for winning the battle. . .' L. Chl. S. § 56 .

(e) searches out, investigates: adrimisiu gl. rimeris, Ml. 24b6 . adrimi son gl. adpendit examine, 24a13 .

II In idioms with prepp.

(a) ascribes, assigns to (DO): a nadruirmed do Abracham .i. fírinne tri híris `what has been counted unto A. even righteousness through faith', Wb. 2d7 . is secht ṅdana airegda airmither do'n Spirut noem `seven excellent gifts are assigned to the Holy Ghost', PH 8029 . ní armither . . pian . . . dona anmannaib, the souls are not considered to suffer pain LU 2120 ( FA 18 ).

(b) counts as (AR): ni áirmi som ón ar chumscugud `he does not count that as change', Wb. 13d17 . ní nairmi ar bethaid etir `he reckons it not as life at all', Ml. 82a8 . combad ar gair aicnid adrímed in suidiguth `so he would reckon the position for shortness of nature', Sg. 69a5 . as ar chenél cruche adrímther in coicsath `fellow-suffering is counted as a kind of cross', Thes. ii 246.26 . adrímfinn ar nempní i condiulcc in maithiusa tarfas dam, Trip.² 2107 . Hence a.¤ ar x do y counts as x on the part of y: adrimtis-som ar aithissib dunni buith fut recht su `they used to count as reproaches to us', Ml. 91a6 . dorolaig in peccad ┐ ni narraim ar chaire do, 49c9 . fis timnae ndæ . . . is ar sainemli adrimther to neuch rudfinnadar `knowledge of the commandments of God is reckoned as excellence to him that knows it', 46c24 . iss ed sin armither ar adnacul dóib for that is regarded as their burial place, LU 2533 . is ar martrai atrimther dó `it is reckoned to him as martyrdom', Mon. Tall. 146.19 . atait tri cuir tindtai mac beo-athar im a athair nach airmead (= áirmet) liubair na Feine do ar ingaire a tindtog, Laws v 436.23 . ar ní armide ar laechdacht duit-siu comrac frim-sa sund it would not be reckoned as bravery for you, LL 14137 .

(c) considers as, places in the same category as (LA and ETER): participia .i. ataruirmiset la gerind `participles i.e. they have reckoned them with the gerund', Sg. 188a1 . is la noeb scriphinna atarurmius I have included them among the sacred writings, Hib. Min. 3.83 . cid nácham airmisiu . . . lais na trén-firu sin . . . cid dam nachat airmébaind etorro? why dost thou not reckon me among those strong men . . . why should I not reckon thee among them? LU 10269 . uair airemthar do-sum itir deib é da eis `he shall be numbered among the gods', TTebe 2187 . do bhríogh go n-áirmheann an eaglais idir na hoibreachaibh trócaire . . . é, TSh. 5624 . With AR: áirmid eólaig ar mnāib āill[e] a haimsire ī the knowledgable consider her as one of the beautiful women of her time, ML² 485 .

(d) a.¤ x for (ar) y reckons x against y, blames y for x: ba treissi . . . don aithrighe . . . inas dona holcaibh ro áirmittis deamuin form which the devils reckoned up against me, RC xxvi 372.7 . nā hāirimh ar Chorc na cclīar / gē do-bheradh toir is tīar do not blame C., Ériu ix 177 § 7 . oramsa do hairmhedh riamh / a n-dernsabair . . . / daibh fein áirmeocthar anois, Caithr. CC § 60 . With FRI: nicon airmi fri nech cia ba menic thi does not count it against a person, Laws v 76.11 .

airlithir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airlithir or dil.ie/2222
Last Revised: 2019

v (cf. 1 airle)

(a) advises, counsels: is he nodairlestar ar a gais it was he gave advice on account of his wisdom, Ériu iii 140.158 (= conid he roscobair tria gaes, Cymmr. xiv 116 § 17 ). dilmuin do boethuib nad nairliut gaith fools whom the wise do not advise are exempt, Laws ii 82.7 = na nairliter, O'Curry 684 (H. 3.18 p. 333). Cf. airlethfimne na hóga .i. do ghéunam leathnughadh no comhairliughadh ar na laochaibh, O'Cl. (airle). With prep. DO: is and airlestar Eithne . . . dia haitib dul doib . . . advised her fosterers, Ériu iii 140.156 (= dobreth E. iarsin comairle dia meithre, Cymmr. xiv 116 § 17 ). ? táet Lugaid chuci or Ailill ┐ ara n-airlathar dó in n-ingin and let him advise him [to accept] the girl(?), LU 5864 = taet L. chuci or siat, ┐ aranarlathar, ZCP ix 154.22 (see ad-gládathar).

(b) consults, asks advice of: airliter cumni cóich comarbai cré, LU 3474 ( SCC² § 25 `let memories be consulted to learn to which heir the land belongs'). collaa dún . . . issa ndúnad co n-airlither (.i. co n-iarfaigea) Lugaid mac Nóiss, 5991 ( TBC-I¹ 1523 ). is imbe rotairles sech na ridiribh eile, Grail 2846 . deliberates, considers: mani airlestar, TBC-I¹ 74 (`if heed is not taken of him', Faraday 5 ).

(c) takes a resolution, resolves, determines: roairlesatar Connachta . . . techtaireda ūaidib, TBC-I¹ 3098 . ? In cheville: arnamāirech doibh / for muir miadh (= mad?) airleth (: bairgedh), ZCP x 344 § 12 . tiucfa la Flann Cinach / a coimpert madh airledh (: bairgen) well has it been decided(?), § 21 . ro-airliset īerom Connachtae i comairle cid di-gēndais 'the Connachtmen then decided in council what they should do', BDC 122.282 .

(d) looks after, sees to: arndip maith nairlethar a muintir `that he care well for his household', Wb. 28b32 . nipa díless duit an í hi tái mani cáinairlither gl. si permanseris in bonitate, 5b38 . Note also: airlethar no móras gl. sed quem Dominus commendat, 17b22 (wrong interpretation of commendat?).

(e) arranges, regulates: arlifimni na hócu chena conná gébat forsin tslóg (of the Galióin), LU 4648 ( TBC-I¹ 187 ). ? dia ard airlathar / aingel indrechta, 1156 (ACC). is and ro airled ri ┐ aithech here (i.e. in the Senchas Mór) was fixed (the difference between) king and serf, ZCP xvi 175 § 2 ( Laws i 40 ). is and ro-airled dire cáich fo miad, § 3 (ib.). is i Senchas Mor ro-airletha na cetheora cána, 176 § 6 . it teora eirce airliter, Laws iii 26.17 .i. erluaidhter na teora eirce, 25 Comm. slicht eitgedh airligter, 536.3 .i. eraluaiter aisneis na eirci, z Comm. ? ni ragaid mani deib cumachtachaib / arlidir crib coternam, LL 1620 = manab dib cumachta clanntar / crib airlither cat .i. munab cumachtach sibh ar erluadh no ar urfoichill catha do cor co crib no . . . biodh urfoichill chatha co luath libh, Leb. Gab.(i) 254.7 = ni raghadh muna deibh clandtar cirb airligther cath, BB 40a54 . prescribes, decrees: bailechro a n-ifernd ro-n-airlestar Dia fri pianadh na pecdhach `which God has designed', Ériu ii 132 § 108 . nad inand airlither Dīa do gach dāen, Anecd. v 23.2 .

Note also: conidnarlaid (.i. co roairlestar) síth iar sáeth, Thes. ii 332.17 .

apaig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. apaig or dil.ie/3865

Forms: aibig

adj i ( ad-bong, GOI p. 92 ). Later also aibig.

(a) ripe, matured (of fruit, etc.): intan is apuid a cetna torad, Ériu ii 116 § 50 . antan as abaigh an fín, O'Mulc. 213 . būain guirt riasīu dob abaidh, Corm. Y 394 (= bas abbuig, LL 374b29 ). brón guirt a.¤ , Triads 68 . gurtu apchi in tíre do loscad, LB 127a35 . cnuas ic tuttim cnuas na bláth . . . ┐ cnuas abbaig, LL 206a41 . dā dēis dēc lān-aipchi, ZCP v 24.z . ba ferr gomtis aipche . . . ro fíoradh son go mbattar ina náen broin abaigh (of apples), BNnÉ 293 § 14 . na harbhuracha chum a bheith abuighe, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 23.15 . eang abaigh `that vigorous land', SGS iv 138 § 2 . Fig. tnúdh is abaidh (: cagaidh) adhuintear `it is a ready desire that is ignited', TD 1.46 . ripe, mature (of age): masé as sgél ar sgoith Line /gan bheith abaidh aimsire, L. Cl. A. B. 168.50 . In assoc. with éc: go lá m'éaga aibidh (aibig MSS), Hackett xx 55 . ? i n-uair ecai abbaid (: ainig) `at the time of death's warning' (see 1 apad), Fél.² cxix 10 .

(b) Fig. ready, ripe, well-prepared (frequ. with follg. vn. constr.): is mithig ┐ is a.¤ léo do ríchtain, Trip.² 259 . in tan as n-apaid fuil námad do testin, BDD² 1245 . conid abaid cech frithorcain do thidecht, RC xii 428 § 17 . is apaigh ┐ is urlam ac na deib dith . . . in ciniudha daenna do denum, CCath. 1012 . an barrach abaigh ré fadódh, TSh. 6731 . is abaid trá an tarrngaire the prophecy has come true, IGT Decl. ex. 726 . an ríghfhleadh ann do b'abaidh (: aguibh), DDána 48.24 . ag triall caguidh gibé bheas / ní habuidh é acht led t'oideas fit to wage war, Studies 1919, 439 § 5 . an uair do-gheibh aibche iomchuibhghe sinn, Mac Aingil 4940 . Adv. go abaigh ullamh, Fl. Earls 144.9 .

(c) Of mental qualities mature: flaith abaid, Todd Nenn. cv 9 . fan drongḟolt n-ālaind n-abaigh, ZCP viii 226.10 . ollamh aibidh, Ó Bruad. i 54 § viii . go ccomhairle n-abuidh, Parrth. Anma 3286 .

Superl. cnū lán is aipghi don fhiodh, O'R. Poems 1683 . an slog as aipchi āirmim `the most expert host', Hy Fiach. 228.14 .

1 ar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ar or dil.ie/3902

Forms: ar, air, er, eir, air, er, ar, arin,, airind, air, airnaib, armo, aire, aratobarr, arandéntar, arambiat, ara, armbad, ara, arindepur, aridlabrathar, arna, áirium, erum, erumm, erom, erut, ærut, airiut, airut, airiut, aurut, airiu, airi, airi, erre, airri, airre, airthe, erunn, erund, erond, airiund, airriun, airund, airib, airibsi, airiubsi, airiuibsi, eruibsi, erru, erriu, erro, airriu, airiu, erthu, airthiu, airtho, airib, airaib, or(u)m, or(u)t, air, uirre, orainn, oirinn, oraib, orru, orrtha

prep., leniting, with accus. and dat. See GOI § 823 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 150 , Frazer, ZCP viii 5 , Williams, Celtica ii 305 ; IGT Introd. § 130 .

Usually spelt ar. air, Ml. 51c2 , 2d2 ; er, 122a16 , BB 449a10 ; eir, Ériu iv 180 § 39 . The spellings air, er, etc. (more freq. in later lang.) and the modern pronunciation show that O. Ir. ar as simple prep.was replaced by a conflation of airi and fo(i)r (3 s. n. of 1 ar and 1 for).

In Mid. Ir. 1 for and 1 íar are frequently spelt ar. See III, IV below and the articles on these words.

With article arin, -int, -a, etc. Note also airind, Ml. 31b17 , air ind, 53a15 . arndi (= arindí), Ériu vii 138.4 . airnaib, Ml. 110d9 .

With poss. armo (m'), -do (t'), -a, -ar, -far (-bar) etc. Note also ar mh'éigse, Content. ix 26 . aire slicht, L. Chl. S. 2 .

With rel. part. ara: aratobarr, Wb. 12d29 . arandéntar, 2a10 . cid arambiat , Ml. 56b9 . ara n-eperr, Críth G. 1 . With copula: cid armbad , Wb. 11a19 . cidar impotabis, Ml. 56a13 . cid arnabu son, ib. ardott áigthe, LU 5656 = arṅdotāigi, TBC-I¹ 1178 (taking áigthi as vbl. of necess.). ara trēn, ACL iii 239 § 32 . ara n-amra, ZCP vii 312 § 26 . Before inf. pron. arindepur, Wb. 5a31 . aridlabrathar, 7d2 . With neg. arna airecht, Sg. 198b3 . arnach faca, ZCP xiii 169.13 .

With pron. suff. Early forms. 1 s. áirium, Wb. 7a12 . erum, LL 286a25 . erumm, PH 1397 . erom, 1503 . 2 s. erut, Wb. 27d19 , 29d7 , YBL 326b42 , PH 6565 . ærut, Ml. 2d8 . airiut, Blathm. 569 , LL 289b30 . airut, LU 8086 . GOI § 437 also gives airiut, aurut without reff. as `old forms which occur only in later sources' ( p. 272 ). 3 s. m. and n. GOI § 437 gives airiu as the dat. form (cf. airiu, O'Dav. 22 ?), airi as the accus. airi is the usual form passim in the early language. Cf. áiri, Wb. 11b21 . f. (accus. and dat. not distinguished) erre, Irish Texts i 3 § 8 (sic MS. See Ir. Hist. Stud. i 347 ). airri, SR 405 (emended to airre, GOI § 437 ). airthe, LL 286a7 . 1 pl. erunn, Wb. 15d13 , Ériu ii 124 § 65 . erund, LU 597 . erond, 588 . airiund, TBC-I¹ 170 . airriun, ZCP xi 110 § 26 . airund, LU 593 . 2 pl. airib, Wb. 20a3 , 22d25 , 27c19 , Metr. Dinds. iv 232.33 . airibsi, Wb. 14d25 , a33 , 16a26 . airiubsi, 15c1 , 17a5 . airiuibsi, 16c23 . eruibsi, 27d7 . Ml. 2a11 . 3 pl. acc. erru, Wb. 4d20 , 11a29 ; ZCP ii 315.26 . erriu, Wb. 9c8 , 11a20 . erro, LL 289b30 . airriu, Wb. 15a23 , 21d11 , O'Dav. 985 . airiu, Wb. 11d11 , Laws iv 176.7 . erthu, LL 280a1 . RC viii 154 § 5 . airthiu, LU 4915 . ZCP viii 310.22 . airtho, TBC-I¹ 409 . dat. airib, Laws iv 162.2 . airaib, 114.21 Comm.

In later lang. all pronominal forms influenced by those of for, giving or(u)m, or(u)t, air, uirre (uirthe), orainn (oirn. oirinn, O'Gr. Cat. 556.25 ), oraib ( oirb, BColm. 100.3 ), orru (orra, orrtha), etc.

The presumed distinction between ar with accus. when motion is implied and with dat. when no motion is implied ( Zeuss 622 ; with reservations Vendryes Gramm. § 283 ; see also Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 73 - 74 , Williams loc. cit.) appears most clearly in the stereotyped phrases ar chenn towards, ar chiunn ahead of, before (see 1 cenn): ar beolu towards, ar bélaib before, in front of (see bél). The dat. is usual in ar cach láu daily (see ) and in ar thosuch ( Sg. 203a7 , see tosach). Usage is less clear outside fixed phrases, and that of the various collections of O. Ir. glosses differs (the available material is also much reduced by the frequent identity of form of a s. and d s. of nouns). The accus. is regular in Wb. in senses of taking away from and counting as , and also in glosses on Lat. ob, the dat. where the meaning is with regard to, instead of and in glosses on Lat. super. Both cases are found where the meaning is for the sake of, because of . In Ml. accus. is constant only in set phrases. The dat. is usual in meaning counts as , do-beir ar (for?) calls and in glosses on Lat. dat. without preposition (ar gentib gl. gentibus, 78a12 , 89c2 ) and where a Lat. compd. noun is treated as two words (arintinmlegun gl. promulgatione, 71c18 ). In general use the meanings saving from, instead of, in meaning of, in return for, on account of, because of, for the sake of, for the purpose of are all found both with accus. and dat. In Sg. the meanings instead of and on account of are found with both cases. See also IGT Introd. § 130 , Bard. Synt. Tr. 2 - 4 , 17 , 20 (where detailed rules are given for accus. and dat. both with simple ar and for compd. preps. such as ar aghaidh, etc.).

I

(a) Much less freq. in concrete or physical meanings than in more abstract ones. Perh. before, in front of in (case of follg. noun not certain): dá [n]dorus [n-]and, comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu (-e, MS.) `in front of' (Gloss.), Críth G. 100 . ar Tuatha Dé Danann `before the T.D.D.', Ériu xii 152 § 15 (TE). cethridoruis airri (recte airre) im-mach, SR 405 . ó beit fíanna fer nÉrenn ┐ Alban do Chonaire ar thig, BDD² 1416 . Cf. 1081 , 1400 , 1492 . ? airiu . . . iarmo in front of it . . . behind it(?), O'Dav. 22 . Cf. airber .i. frit anair bere .i. eter do dī lāim, ar is fort muin bere ere [n-]aile, Corm. Y 58 . Acc. to Binchy, SCano p. 33 , frequent in meaning east of, the only example cited being: acon loch ar Mag Aí `by the lake east of Mag Aí', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 § 2 (`on'). Cf. Airbri .i. fri Bri Eli anair, O'Mulc. 70 = Dinds. 16 ( RC xv 308 ). ? a nAicill ar Temair, Anecd. i 17.1 . Cf. perh. Síd ar Femin, LU 7846 ( BDD 140 ), etc. (or for al?). Perh. orig. with concrete force also in: do té(i)t aitire ar ḟer feras in fuil, Críth G. 52 `goes surety for', Gloss. Concrete meaning is perh. also to be assumed in the phrases agaid ar (late, orig. for?), ar agaid, ar amus, ar beolu, ar bélaib, bél ar bél, ar chenn, ar chiunn, ar dorus, ar dreich, ar fed, ar gnúis, ar leth, ar medón, ar ṡúil, ar thosuch, ar thús, ar úairib. See under the nouns concerned. With more abstract force in ar aí, ar apu (see 3 aí, 1 apa). Here may also be included: doire acummisc arúir `of their being mixed with mould', Wb. 13d3 . úachtar ar lemlacht dó mixed with, Críth G. 63 . loim midc do chumasc ar usciu `to mix a sip of whey with water', Mon. Tall. 143.25 . ba fial ṅdō buith arnaib ōcaib, cēin dogēni calma among, TBC-I¹ 1266 = LU 5739 . ? tiucfa in mac cētna ar bar cloind, ZCP viii 563 § 27 (for?). Perh. for for in: ó fó-certa a ṡrúb ar géscoe against a branch, BDD² 349 (= ar gésce, 355 ). conadh ar x. míli cathrach do shiublaighdis techta Magnuis Cam . . . ō maduin co fescor `to ten thousand cities', Marco P. 96 .

Rarely of time. See ariu before .

(b) In the follg. exx. the meaning is also more or less concr., though the precise meaning of the prep.is obscure, and it would be possible to consider them as early exx. of the replacing of for by ar (see III, and fo-ceird III): arnarala for cubus áiri, Wb. 11b21 (see note). Cf. focheird mo menma airi `my mind is set on him', Ériu ii 92 § 2 . ón lá tarrla ar n-airi air, iv 220.27 . torala dia archeill do degnimu su `let God bring to mind thy good deeds', Ml. 43b15 . iscor lame ardodced buith ocairbiathad sainte gl. nam qui volunt divites f[i]eri, incidunt in temptationem, Wb. 29b18 . ? Cf. ni comarleiced (.i. nir cetaig) dó cor lamha aire (.i. dul do sacarbhaic) cin foghlaim, Trip.² 243 . mabeidní dirúnaib dothéi armenmuin indfir, Wb. 13a12 . Note also: arnaib réib ilib gl. et qui ascendit super omnes caelos, 22a8 .

(c) In compd. numerals (with dat., see Celtica ii 312 ): a n-óen ar fichit (fichet, MS) the twenty-one, Ml. 2d2 . cóic míli ochtmugat ar chét one hundred and eighty five thousand, 34b17 . a ocht deac ar chét, BCr. 32d2 . deichinbair ar dib fichtib ar trib cétaib, Trip.² 3104 . secht cathae ar chetharchait / ar secht cétaib is huilliu, ZCP viii 313.34 . cōicer ar ceithri fichtib, 219.29 . fer ar sheisir seven men, Celt. Rev. x 348.23 . fri re tri n-aidhche ar mís, RC xviii 162.32 . Note also: tāinic buiden mōr . . . dōig lim is ar trichaid cēt inti approximately(?), TBC-I¹ 3142 (text perh. faulty).

II In a wide variety of abstract meanings for the most part deriving independently from those given under I.

(a) for, for the sake of, on behalf of, etc. (often gl. Lat. pro) (with accus. and dat. See Celtica ii 309 ): cia dudrigni dia mór di maith erriu, Wb. 11a20 . innahí dorigeni Día ar maccu Israhel, 30 . mirabilia dorígeni Dia ar maccaib Israhel, 28 . massu arinbethid . . . dagníu, 13c11 . mor ní as dénti ní airriu, 15a23 (in sense of mod. déanaim rud ar I obey, see Thes. Suppl. 51 ). niarséuti . . . robcarsi tíamthe, 23d4 . ar erchru gl. pro defectu, Ml. 31a4 . dusrigeni dia erru amal robu thol doib, 54a34 . fri assaru ar maccu israhel gl. rerum gestarum (testimonio), 94d2 . ara bǽsaib som .i. ar denum a thule gl. pro suis ritibus laborantes, 87b20 . a ndorigēnai in rí / do ḟertaib ar ṡanct Brigti, Thes. ii 332.4 (Hy. v). or ar Bran nailither, 286.34 (inscr.). lānamain . . . nī fil etarscarad dōib acht ar Dia, Corm. Y 824 . léicfider cach bean do mnáib airiut thou wilt be preferred to all other women, BDD² 59 . ar ghaol for the sake of relationship, Studies 1918, 99 § 15 . dorindedh mainistreacha ┐ sepeil le ar anmain Gyi `for the soul of G.' ZCP vi 90.11 . See also under meince, 1 pairt. Freq. in sense of (praying) for, see airnigde, guide, guidid, oráit.

(b) for the sake of, by in adjurations and invocations: dilig dam . . . / ar Maire n-amra n-Ingin, SR 7820 . ar do chumachtae . . . tesaircc dam-sa mo chūrcha, BColm. 54.3 . ar do thrīnōiteacht, a Thrīnōit, ACL iii 241 § 2 . ar t'fhírinni riutsa, na furáil etc. by thy honour, CCath. 1659 . ar na deib rib, TTebe 4025 . síol Ádhaimh . . . / ar do thocht díobh slánaigh sinn, Dán Dé ix 22 .

(c) on account of, because of (with accus. and dat. Glossing Latin ob, pro, propter): ar ar comoicsi do bás on account of, Wb. 14b25 . aracethardese gl. quam ob causam, 31b24 . ob mirationem .i. airinn adamrugud, Ml. 61a15 . ar chosmaili ind fochuinn diaragbtha gl. causae uicinitate, 35b24 . ar ét im chrabud gl. pro zelo religionis, 36d24 . arna lithu gl. propter cultús diuini festa, 47b2 . arna pecthu immefolngat guasacht do anmin gl. propter animae pericula, 7 . cid arnaibhisiu .i. arnaib hi forodamarsa gl. ob ista, 58d13 . ní ar pianaib do thabairt forru `not on account of the infliction of punishments upon them', 114b7 . ara foirbthetu fadesin, Wb. 6c19 . tocombaig a ṡlán ara ḟornert because of, Críth G. 415 . ar ṡóethaib because of grievances, 581 . ar ilar a imarbus, ZCP viii 104.7 . Corco Bāiscind ar a nert / nī damaid cert d'Eoganacht, v 500.16 .

With a variety of nouns in more or less stereotyped phrases: ar na h-ádhbharaibh sin for those reasons, ML 58.11 . ar[a] airmitin som through respect for him, Ériu iv 30.23 . ar t'ḟuath, i 97.32 . ni diles ni doberar ar uathbas `nothing is lawful which is given out of terror', Laws iv 286.25 . See also under áis, cairde, 1 cúis, 1 écndairc, éicen, ecla, 1 gart, midlachas, miscais, omun, sant, serc, úacht, etc.

Common with abstr. nouns from adjj. in the construction: nīr fētatar a tōcbāil ar a truma because of her weight = because she was so heavy, Anecd. iii 9.8 . ar dúire a drochdelba, Ériu iv 102.16 . ar ḟebus na cuidechtae because the company was so excellent, BColm. 78.18 . ar a laechdacht, ZCP viii 318.12 . ar cumga in puill nír féd dul amach, Ériu v 49.7 . in senadh ic á adhradh ar a uaisle, CCath. 334 . ar ghoire do ghaoil, Dán Dé xi 11 . Without poss. or gen.: cona tisa . . . in dam tarais ar airdi (a fence), Laws iv 76.19 Comm.

Freq. in advv.and conjj. in O. Ir. glosses. 3 s. n. as adv. on account of it, therefore: fristemlighter cid ind aier airi, Ml. 73c2 . ni bad pronomen airi, Sg. 203b2 . isairi doroigu dia geinti hore . . . this is why . . . because, Wb. 5b12 . is airi inso rogabad som hi rige, Ml. 14a4 . cinid airi doberr desimrecht acht ar atrebthach nand, Sg. 35b13 . With article and i: arindi gl. eo, Sg. 190a4 . ni arindí . . . sed quia not because . . . but because, 5a4 . arindisin gl. ei, Ml. 54c6 . arndi furumai sár for cach toil, Ériu vii 138.3 . With se: ní nád ṁbed arse di chorp gl. ideo, Wb. 12a22 . arse gl. ob hoc, Ml. 18d15 , gl. qua re, 29d1 . isarse gl. quo circa, Enchir. Aug. 70b , 81b ( ZCP vii 480 , 484 ). airechas ceneóil airsiu (leg. airsin? edd. airriu, Ped. MS Index to Wb. glosses) ní airechas fidei, Wb. 1b12 . Later: air sin on account of that, CCath. 2350 . Note also: ar a smuaintighib do beith . . . a mbeat[h]aidh an tigerna so that his thoughts might be in, etc., BCC § 5 (cf. ara).

(d) instead of, in place of, as substitute for, in meaning of (meaning confined to O. Ir. glosses. With dat., occas. with accus.): arnab geintib huilib taken as referring to all the Gentiles gl. Iudeos et Grecos omnes, Wb. 2a15 . foirbthe ar anfoirbthu gl. decem milia, a perfect (number) for an imperfect, 9a10 . corda .i. arin duiniu huli lesom gl. a parte totum, Ml. 53a2 . todochide ar sechmadachtae n-anfoirbthe gl. commotatio . . . temporum `future for imperfect', 62a16 . arnaib bolcaib gl. pro uesicis, 99a4 . fogur cechtar de ar alaliu ┐ fogur na liter naile airriusom, Sg. 4a8 . ni roscríbad ar naill (leg. ar na aill, edd.), 6b3 . a ṡuidigud ar anmmaimm dílius, 27a1 .

Often with as-beir, do-beir etc.: dobeir inso arnab uilib cumactib gl. supra omnem principatum et potestatem et uirtutem et dominationem, Wb. 21a13 . epert innan (MS. inna) aisndisen arnaib gnimaib gl. dicit autem non quia talia locuti sunt Scribae . . . sed quia talia fecerint, Ml. 16d3 . a ndurigni duaid in gnim sin in tengad do airbirt ar gnimaib in choirp, 31b24 . intan asmbersom pes ┐ manus nochis arnaib gnimaib són dungniat som honaib ballaib hisin atbeirsom, 56b3 . tri suidigud dosom inna cluas arin chorp huiliu, 60b16 . arnaib fedaib sonartaib ardaib gl. pro terribilibus arbustís cedros possuit, 146a6 .

The idiom ad-rími ar counts as (with accus. and dat.) is prob. to be assigned to this section: ní ármisom ar chumactte, Wb. 6a1 . cenid ar chomsuidigthib adrímther inna fortórmach so, Sg. 202a5 . See ad-rími. With LA: petra les arin trediusa sís he takes petra as standing for, Ml. 60a7 . in loc lesom híc arnaib aitrebthidib gl. a loco habitatores intellegite, 144c3 .

(e) in return for, in exchange for, as price of, in payment for, as equivalent of (with accus.): airitiu lóge ar mo precept in return for, Wb. 10d31 . rotbīa a lōg airi you shall have a reward for it, TBC-I¹ 585 . is lá cach(a) tíre do-tét dlega(i)r aire `is due for it', Ériu xvii 70.4 . Freq. do-beir lóg etc. ar: ainm indlóge doberr domiledaib armílte, Wb. 3c1 . intan dobera Dia fochraicci ar degnimu, Ml. 90c14 . screpul doberar do gilli . . . ar comaitecht do neuch o pecad `a groat that is given to a lad for accompanying someone in a sin', Mon. Tall. 143.9 . nī tibur-so in tinnscra sin(ee) cid ar Meidb C. feissin I wouldn't give a brideprice like that for M. herself, ZCP iv 39.7 (cf. TBFr. 185 ). ní conrogab terochraic . . . ar forbrissiud fir truaig `reward for oppressing a wretched man', Ml. 36a32 . ni riat na dánu diadi ara n-indeb domunde sell for, Wb. 28c2 . ríthæ . . . ar ech ndonn, Thes. ii 240.1 (Ardm.). tale damsa a log ar epert do firinne lat, Ml. 36a32 . síodh Dhé 'gá ceannach ar chrodh being bought for herds, Dán Dé xxvii 33 . With vbs. of leaving, abandoning: ni dérsid for sóiri ar fognam, Wb. 20b10 . roleicc creitim ar in paganacht he left the faith for paganism, Anecd. iii 72.28 . as uime do trēig Temraigh / ar Chend Maghair, ZCP viii 108.19 . Denoting preference: ragaid duit aire . . . rígi hÉrend in preference to him, BColm. 68.18 . do mholfuinn fear an leithléighinn 'gá mbíadh beatha ghlan . . . arfhear láinléighinn 'gá mbíadh beatha némhthromdha, Mac Aingil 4782 .

(f) for the purpose of, in order to obtain (as far as the exx. serve with accus. in Wb. and dat. in Ml. The exx. from Wb. given here, however, could equally be referred to the preceding section): precept arbiad in order to obtain food, Wb. 10d13 . madarlóg pridchasa, 23 . is arnach nindocbáil móir fodaimim se inso, 23b12 . asberat isar indeb isdénti tol dǽ, 29b12 . arind etarimdibiu (arindetar imdibiu, MS.) gl. pro interfectione aduersariorum, Ml. 36b23 . ar chuindriug pectho gl. instrumentum est divinae iustitiae `for the correction of sin', 49b7 . gabthe dunad les fris arinoillus for protection, 55c1 . asberar ar thormuch pectha for the purpose of increasing sin(?), 76a5 . bliadain lán dano do M. [┐] a muindtir uli for usciu ┐ bargin ar tuaslucud anmae B. `to obtain the release of the soul of B.,' Mon. Tall. 133.29 . serc fochraici ara n-as[c]nam, piana do imchaisiu ara n-imgabail in order to avoid them, Ériu vii 138.28 . is rimsa . . . rohérbad ar eisnéis it is to me it was entrusted for relating, iv 144.21 . annsa lebur tuc sé dóib ar choimét a ndligid feín `for keeping', Maund. 61 . Also perh. in phrase ar olc fri, see olc (because of?).

(g) by virtue of, by means of, through (dat.): condenad fingail ar chuinged soinmige do gl. mercari peccato securitatem, Ml. 39a6 . ? ar gressaib gal / glenaid luch inna línsam `by feats of valour', Thes. ii 293.20 . ni ar lín óc brister cath, Ériu ix 47 § 18 . ar neart a n-engnama by dint of their prowess, ML² 286 . gaibsit tír and ar chlaideb by the sword, ZCP viii 313.21 .

(h) In general sense of in respect of, with regard to, in the matter of, relating to, etc. (appar. with dat.) (the ascription of some exx. to this section is tentative): desmrecht insin ar aimsir deirb that is an example of, Sg. 66b17 , cf. exemplum ara airiuc far diull tanaisiu, 106b20 , exemplum inso ara rangabalda asrubart, 39a5 . annsom hi taurgillib tairgille ar bechaib, Laws iv 162.1 . rucus tairgilli ar bechaib `für Bienen ist ein `tairgille' . . . zu stellen', ZCP xv 319 § 12 . ? isam ómun ar a aisnéis I am afraid to relate it, LU 5349 . is fon samla-sin . . /gníth . . . a cét-chumma / Temrach . . . / ar áibnius in beauty, Metr. Dinds. i 10.64 . fear feadhma deas ar gach ndān in every art, ZCP viii 562 § 16 . bean as ghloine ar ghníomharthaibh `purest in deeds', A. Ó Dálaigh xv 15 . issí eisimplair Crist . . . do lenfadís ar míne ┐ ar buaine, ar deirc ┐ ar trocaire, Maund. 123 . ro derscnaigh d'ógaibh a chomaoisi ar goil ┐ gaisccedh, Leb. Gab.(i) 200.7 . Also in phr. ar chuit, see cuit. For do-beir teist ar see teist. See airbág.

Common in phr. of type: teine . . . ar thes crabaidh (of a person) a fire . . . in heat of piety = a paragon of piety, Anecd. iii 5.19 . Muridach, ba muir ar crūa[i]s, ZCP viii 299.34 . deochain ar grādaib ┐ sacart ar ūaisle a deacon in rank and a priest in reputation, BColm. 82. 15 - 16 . ba laech ar gaisced, RC xxiv 184.4 . a éan choluim ar cheannsa, Dán Dé i 19 . mar lile ar lí, Dánta Gr. 30.14 .

(i) about (of stories, books, reading, etc. In late exx. only. Perh. orig. for in this meaning): iomda ar Lasair ferta amhra many wonderful miracles (are said to have been performed) by L., Ériu v 90.4 . is mebair linn . . . / in seanchus fil ar Mag Ráin the lore about M., iv 156.18 . Leabhar Oiris ┐ An[n]ála ar Cogthaibh . . . Éireann, i 78 . craoibsgaoileadh ar chath Cluana Tairbh description of the battle of C., 16 n. léighmid ar Alexander n-uaibhrech, etc., Mac Aingil 872 . léan ba sgéal ar fianaibh Fáil, Magauran 2790 . Cf. sgriobhthar ortha go . . ., Ó Héodhusa 68.16 .

(j) With verbs of depriving, stealing, hiding, lacking, etc. from (accus. and dat.): tri airchellad donaib sommaib a n-anae airnaib bochtaib, Ml. 90a11 . is amne asruluús airi, Wb. 17d16 . a manaig do béim ar Lommān, BColm. 84.16 . ní bēram-ne t'áthius ort we shall not take thy victory from thee, 74.22 . ni cumscaichthi cumachtae nairi gl. hoc potestatem literae motare non debuit, Sg. 6a5 . ni fil nach díchlith airi, Wb. 1a4 . tesbanat boíll aíriu, 11d11 . in dá ṡét tesbanat airi, Críth G. 130 . ní gette na brithemnachta becca erriu you would not snatch the petty judgements from them, Wb. 9c8 . nī gatar a forgall ar domun degmnā, Cáin Ad. 4 . a tellad errusom, Wb. 11a29 . dives cui (.i. isar) clam tollitur , Enchir. Aug. 76b ( ZCP vii 482.27 .)

(k) With verbs of protecting, saving from , defending against (accus. and dat.): ainsium Crīst ar cech nernbās, Thes. ii 352.4 (Hy. vi). Dīa dom chobair . . . / ar cech ṅgúasacht, 350.16 (ibid.). dia dítin ar in pecthach, Ml. 57c4 . dia diden . . . ar náimdib, Thes. ii 354.2 . airnaib imnedaib doneimni a dǽ, Ml. 110d9 . fri himdegail cuirp . . . ar demnaib, Thes. ii 354.4 . diar snádud . . . / ar gábud, 359.6 . for soirad ar senachrib, Ml. 33b21 . air ni bói numsoiradsa ar chumachtae ṅduini, 74b13 . Continuing a Latin construction: ar thes inna gréne són ┐ ara naimtib gl. quae etiam inumbraret eos et regeret, 97c4 . arnaib cumachtgaib gl. difensionem, 103c7 . arnaib hi sin gl. ut illis eripiat, 117b4 . defensionis . . . ar maccaib israhel, 124b10 . Note also: comad chādus ar cach ngúasacht that it might be a halidom against every danger, BColm. 96.10 . tucc dam a Dē mōir / . . . / ar pīanu na plāg / tonna dīana dēr, ACL iii 232 § 1 .

III In later lang. ar and for become a single preposition (often with surviving difference in follg. mutation, see the examples in Bard. Synt. Tr. p. 2 ff. ). The follg. are exx. of ar for earlier for. Of local relations (for I): imda gol gargc ar a brú many a fierce wail in its lap, BColm. 100.6 . ar saebchoire in a maelstrom, 94.12 . tarrúd úire ar airib / for leccaib ar láech-maigib, Metr. Dinds. iv 232.34 . seóit Cluana maic Nóis do foillsechadh ar Gallaib Luimnigh `were discovered with', RC xviii 53.12 . Of quasi-local relations, etc. (II). Of point of time (c): ar na tri soldomnaib `on the three chief feasts', Mon. Tall. 129.27 . ar notlaice ┐ caiscc ┐ cengciges, Ériu vii 150.30 . Of rule, sway, over (f): ba rī tenn ar Tūathmumain, ZCP viii 119.28 . flaithius ┐ forlamhus ar crichaib . . . na cruinne, CCath. 1 . In addition to (g): cotardda trá ar se mo chendsa ardo chend my head in addition to thine, RC iii 185.8 . credo ┐ pater . . . ar cech m-biait, xv 490 § 26 ( for cach mbiait, § 32 ). Affecting, afflicting, etc. (h): bíd oirb oman Dé do neim, BColm. 100.3 . trom orm a innisi, ZCP viii 200.25 . duaithnid ar dainib in domain incomprehensible to, Fen. 38. 16 . Subsisting on (j): ar geilt féoir feeding on grass, Ériu iv 156.12 . ar usci ┐ bairgin, RC xv 491 § 30 , cf. for usci ┐ bairgin, 490 § 26 . In a state or condition (k): na biad ar in mbreith sin `that she would not abide by that judgement', RC xxiv 196.1 . nírbo borg báeth ar bruidin it was not a foolish castle engaged in brawling, Metr. Dinds. i 32.46 . With vb. of motion: ge deach rī Conaill a ccēin / ar slūaiged rí Temhra tréin, ZCP viii 116.21 . To express the dativus incommodi (m): adbathadar uile thorad parrthais ar Adam `were forfeited by Adam', Laws iv 266.14 . adbathadar ar Aongus a thire, 15 . rogabsat tech air they stormed the house in which he was, BColm. 72.4 . ni cloifithir oirb bar cath, YBL 314b55 . Perh. also: ben clucc ar Cellach against, Cáin Ad. 18 . cogadh mór le Domnall . . . ar Brian, Ériu i 78.5 . In phrases (p): ar bith c[h]é on this earth, BColm. 100.3 . ar comairci C. under the protection of C., 86.28 . ar debaid in haste, LL 7493 . ar lár cháich in the midst of everybody, Ériu iv 222.28 . ar neam in heaven, Anecd. i 39.114 . ar ṡeilbh (sic leg.) éicsi, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, v 92 § 9 . With verbs (III): dorad min aire `put meal over it', Mon. Tall. 147.11 . dobert trian forcridi . . . ar chuid cach lae `added one third of water to the daily allowance', 7 . do thabairt geinti ar ireis, ZCP iii 22.6 .

Note also: rostatlaig ar thenn-medón he clasped her by the sturdy waist, Ériu iv 104.8 . roghabh nathraigh mbí ar bolgán `by the belly', CCath. 4194 .

IV Replacing ÍAR. Of time (I): ar cath Ch. after the battle of C., ZCP viii 314.18 . arsin, Ériu iv 132.1 . is ar sein anid sí co arnabárach thereupon she remains till the morrow, ZCP viii 309.20 . ar n-ēirghi grēine at the rising of the sun, ML² 1333 . sóaidh co brónach dia taigh ar marbadh a maic, RC xviii 45.31 . ar tteacht ór tticch, ZCP viii 219 § 13 . do bātar ar n-a crēchtnugad, ML² 386 . ar ngabāil gīall for Mumain, ZCP viii 119.31 . Of place (II): arsin t[s]eit along the way, Mon. Tall. 153.20 . ar slige Póil is Petair in the track of Paul and Peter, Ériu v 24.24 . According to (III): suidfither gach aon duine . . . ar miadh ┐ ar dligedh ┐ ar a sognim[r]adh, RC xxviii 22 § 49 . ar a fidhair fen do cruthaigh Día é in His own image, BCC § 408 .

For use as conjunction see 2 ar, 1 ara.

attlugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. attlugud or dil.ie/4944

Forms: altaigthe, -i, altugud

u, m. vn. of ad-tluichethar. In phr. a.¤ buide act of giving thanks, thanksgiving . Also freq. in pl. altaigthe, -i (cf. Lat. gratiae). Later altugud. denid a.¤ buide do Dia di cach maith dogní frib, Wb. 27a7 . a.¤ boide do Dia di bar n-ícc tritsom, 27c2 . tre atlogod buide donaib noibaib, 17a3 . do atlugud buide, Thes. i 488.20 ( Tur. 58a ). atligthe buide gl. gratiae, Wb. 14c5 . int (leg. ind) atlaigthi buide gl. gratiae, Ml. 36b19 . ro-gní Echu atlaigthe buide do Dia, Trip.² 2111 . tuccsat altucchadh buide a ccosccair don choimde, AFM vi 2132.27 . do-ronne altugad buidhi fri Dia ar in furtacht for-fuair, Grail 1994 . altaigti buidhi, 3867 . With reverse order: bermait buide n-altaighthi do Dia (.i. gratias Deo agimus), Corm. Y 684 . rugsatar a buidi altaidi duna deib , Mer. Uil. 264 v.l. ( BB 447a48 ).

Without buide: ailli mési ┐ altugud laisseom, Mon. Tall. 131.10 (§ 8) . glúasacht cluicc do atluchud / dond Ríg dorúasat túarai, Ériu iii 102 § 31 . atlugud gl. hymnus, Rawl. B 512, 71b (Plummer MS notes). an té ibhios a chapán a ndiaigh altuighthe (an offence requiring absolution), Mac Aingil 6467 . a biadh uile d'altuccadh, BNnÉ 282.12 . do altugud (atlaghadh v.l.) na hairmiden ┐ na honora moiri sin, RC xxiv 64 § 26 . altachud a édāla, ZCP viii 221.2 . déana a altoghadh give thanks for it, DDána 114.17 .

Prob. in sense of rejoicing, taking pleasure in in: oc atlugud ima beth isi[n] phein, LB 143a15 . fodord um cach maith, altugad cech uilc (signs of invidia), ZCP iii 26.17 .

cairdes

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cairdes or dil.ie/7893

n u and o, m. (1 cara)

(a) friendship : adsluindmeit ar cardes fris, Thes. ii 301.25 ( Hy. i 15 gl .). is desin robui cairdius in micc Oig ┐ A., RC iii 347.2 . luid . . . do athchor a chairdessa for C., LU 6017 (TBC) `to renounce his friendship with', Faraday (71 . Or in sense (b) ?). ón ch.¤-sin bói di-a athair fri H., PH 6955 . ata mo ch.¤ risna deib , TTebe 1778 . tré dul a c.¤ a nāmad, ML² 193 . mar chairdeas táinig ó a thoigh `in friendship', Dán Dé xxi 13 . ní cáir ceangal a chairdeis, Celtica iv 113 § 9 . an righan do pósais ara gradh ┐ ara c.¤ ┐ ara deghdeilbh, Stair Erc. 2458 .

In sexual sense love, cohabitation etc. , see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 113 . atchobhair in Dagda ben Ealcmair do ch.¤ collaidhe, ZCP v 523.12 . cardes mo [ṡ]liasta-sa fessin, TBC-LL¹ 97 . do ingin E. ropáil M. F. na carddes, LL 271b32 ( Fing. R. 37 ). mór mban foúarais cardes, 255a39 . mad poc tolchar co lan-chartius feli = cum plena membrorum conexione, Ériu vii 144 § 28 . mna . . . cairdeasa `lemans', AFM ii 1100.24 .

(b) alliance, covenant, pact : dogníat c.¤ ┐ tíagait la Ingcel co rrólsat a ndibeirg lais, LU 6729 ( BDD 23 ). rogniset c.¤ etarru = foedus, Lat. Lives 22 . ? benfat sa mo chardes immole frib, Rawl. 70b3 . c.¤ nó dluthad gl. pactum, Gild. Lor. 61 . caradradh do cholna .i. c.¤ cíche ┐ glúine, Ériu xiii 45.22 (see 1 cích). caidhe do greim damh abhus / do chairdis, do chomḟogus, ZCP vii 302.5 . iornaidhm a chairdesa fris, Hugh Roe² 96.17 .

(c) (blood) relationship, (family) relationship; kinship : cain cairdesa .i. in corusa fine law of (family?) relationship (or of military alliance?), Laws v 364.8 . ní faicsiu ar cairdeas do, Anecd. i 2.8 `our kinship with him is not nearer', SCano 24n. Cf. Ériu iv 176.19 . do-m-araill c.¤ fodi / do síl F.G., Lib. Hymn. 17.7 . ? ro ḟaemsat bith cnes ri cnes / ciar chloensat in carddes, LL 17409 . mar ro chummad a c.¤ , Ériu xvi 160 § 2 . a cuisib cairdiusa, MR 116.17 . cairdis mac Caim . . . do chlainn Chāin, ZCP iv 236.18 .

Note further: tánic B. . . . / . . . cosin cairdeas `to the love-tryst', Metr. Dinds. iii 36.26 . ? marbthair Trustiu i Trustin tes / mesti din chaem a cairddes, LL 20048 .

(d) In phr. c.¤ Críst sponsorship : nach diongnaid cáirdes Crīost lé . . . `that they be not God-Mothers unto', RSClára 24b . Associated in annals with the binding of pacts: B. R. h. Briain . . . do gabail i mebail do mac Iarla Chlair, iar ndenam cardisa Crist doib ┐ iar cur a fola a n-oensoithech ┐ iar tabairt mind Muman ┐ clocc ┐ bachall da cheli doib, Ann. Conn. 1277.2 = iar ndenamh cairdis criost re raile doibh, AFM iii 426.14 (i.e. after one of them had been sponsor to the other's child in baptism, O'Don.). co ná haincedh ceall na dún na c.¤ Criost na comluighe `gossipred', ii 858.3 .

Hence of persons gossip, sponsor : ar slanaib maithi Gall ┐ D. C. h. Briain a cairdiusae Crist, Ann. Conn. 1225.16 = AFM iii 228.6 . as lor dhiobh (sic) na cairdeasa Criosd do thabhairt fhreagra . . . ar a son, Luc. Fid. 1935 . do bheth . . . na ccáirdesa críosd ag . . . , RSClára 106b . don bhaisdeadh . . . ┐ do na cairdiosaibh Crīosd, Parrth. Anma 2791 . da chardis Crist, Ann. Conn. 1236.3 . a altronna ┐ a chairdissidhe Criost, ALC ii 240.6 . da cliamuin ┐ da c.¤ Crist, RC xviii 157.6 ( Keat. iii 4862 ). ge ro bhaoi na cairdeas Críost ag an iustis, AFM iii 284.6 .

Hence c. gossipred, sponsorship : iar ndligud chardessa, RC xxv 248.1 . mat (leg. nach) beidíd síad fam c.¤ `under my gossipred', BCC 290.13 .

Compd. naomh fa cáirdes-bocc cumann, BNnÉ 283.24 .

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dá or dil.ie/14080
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: dau, dé-, dó, dé-, dó, dá-, dá, dai, di, dí, da, dá n-, díb, díb, dá n-, dá, dá n-, dé, dó, dá, dó, ar dhó, dó, dó, ndó, ndé, dí, dó, dó

num card. number two , preceding its substantive. OIr. m. nom. acc. gen. daᴸ , f. nom. acc. diᴸ gen. daᴸ , neut. nom. acc. gen. da n-, m. f. n. dat. dib n-, deib n- (Sg.).

Abs. dau. Cpd. dé- ( Zeuss 301 ). The mark of length is frequently omitted.

Wb. 2 c 21 . 4 c 12 . 4 d 10 . 13 a 9 . 18 d 9 . 20 d 5 . 24 b 22 . 30 c 17 . ML 2 b 11 . 2 d 2 . 14 c 6 . 26 b 14 . 26 c 1 . 26 c 2 . 31 b 5 . 34 d 6 . 38 c 16 . 44 b 10 - 11 . 45 c 9 . 46 a 21 . 46 a 24 . 46 b 30 . 46 c 30 . 58 a 11 . 67 d 14 . 73 b 3 . 74 d 7 . 75 d 4 . 77 b 11 . 112 d 1 . 131 a 2 . 138 d 1 . Sg. 8 a 11 . 16 b 6 . 32 a 8 . 45 b 19 . 106 b 17 . 120 b 4 . Tur. 2 . BCr. 3 c . 18½ d . 31 b 2 . 31 d 3 . 33 a 4 . 33 b 9 . 35 b 1 . 42 b 1 . 45 c 3 . Bvi 9. 22 . 23. 42 . Computus Vat. 12 . Thes. ii 238. 10 ; 238. 18 ; 240. 16 , 20 ; 249. 2 , 11 ; 253. 20 ; 254. 1 , 15 ; 266. 14 ; 271. 11 . (Cf. ib. 310. 33 ; 311. 30 ; 313. 16 ; 315. 39 ; 325. 5 ; 326. 24 ; 334. 44 ; 335. 27 ; 338. 3 ; 346. 43 ; 347. 3 ; 349. 11 ; 365. 1 ).

Mid.Ir. m./neut. nom. acc. dáᴸ, díᴸ , f. nom. acc. díᴸ, dáᴸ . m. f. neut. gen. dáᴸ, dá n-, dat. díb n-, díb; dáᴸ, dá n-.

Abs. dó (rhyming with óg, LL 155 b 50 . saebró, 156 b 43 ) Cpd. dé-. Mark of length frequently omitted.

MOD.-IR. ' dhá'. Abs. dó. Cpd. dá-.

dá with femin.: dá duain déc, SR 114 b . eter da láim, ib. 5996 . in da sreith, LU 119 b 29 ( na dí sreith, AFM A.D. 1156 ). itir a da láim, TBC-LL¹ 1604 LU (a dai YBL). itir da fert, 690 LU (dia YBL, di fert, 703 YBL). da ingen déc, LL 319 c 13 . Acall. 4090 . 4132 . 4171 . 4637 . ZCP ii 134 § 5 . BB 4 a 22 . 5 a 25 , 39 . mo da láim...mo da ṡúil, LL 147 a 30 . da rígráith, 15 a 14 ( = di r., BB 42 b 55 ). dá ráith, Acall. 4755 . 4757 . 4766 . dá sleig, TBC-LL¹ 1085 . 1780 Y. Cf. further Acall. 4090 . 1979 . 1897 . BB 5 b 29 . Lec. 336 a 21 . TE 4 Eg. RC viii 54 ; xv 203 (179) . Ériu v 208 . Todd Nenn. 126. 10 .

dí with masc.: in dí sceoil seo, Mon. Tall. 154. 26 . dí mér, ib. 150. 38 . dí macc, RC xii 94 § 123 . di each, Laws v 242 . di cháicait, Thes. ii 315. 39 . dí marcṡloigh, AU ii 62 . in dí Chonan aile, FDG 698 . dí salm, LB 251 a 37 .

gen. da'. Sliab Dá Chích nAnand, LL 144 b 48 . do thorad a dá lám, TBC-LL¹ 489 Y. BDD § 2 . §58 . §60 . Eochaidh dá ṁagh, Hy Fiach. 4. 8 ; 8. 1 . ib. 164. 13 ; 166. 10 , 16 . Tír da glas, TFrag. 134. 12 . dá n-: Elam na da nglassúl nglan, LL 192 b 39 . Acall. 5251 . imb deithbir na dá nuġ nurchoidech, MR 110. 4 ; 146. 11 .

dat. díb n-: na bu díb nechaib...napu díb lámaib LL 123 b 1 . isa dib noxalaib, TBC-LL¹ 1202 Y. díb: asna dib berlaib, Lec. 338 b 31 . TBC-LL¹ 178 . 523 . 1153 . 1160 Y. Ériu ii 204 § 22 . BB 10 b 33 . Lec. 342 b 3 . 356 b 50 . SG 257. 4 . dá n-: for da nechaib diana, LU 80 a 32 . TBC-LL¹ 1972 . fora da nechaib déc, BB 7 a 25 . dam co nda mbeind óir, CRR § 5 . for dá nócbuaib, LB 128 a. dán dáe : na da feraib déc, TBC-LL¹ 2910 . don dá thóisech déc, Ériu v 152 (126) . don dá chineadh, Hy Fiach. 106. 2 . isin dá dhligheadh, ib. 74. 2 .

Neuter dá n-: da nocht ṁbliadna, LL 128 a 46 . a dá nó, BDD § 88 . loiscis in gaeth mo dhá nó, Ériu ii 229 st 4 . mo da noo, Corm. Anecd. iv p. viii . 6 f.b. . da no pill, YBL 76 a 35 . dá ndroch, TBC-LL¹ 3391 Y. da nall ndualcha, FB § 45 . dá naill nórda, TBC-LL¹ 2560 Y. da nag, CRR 125. 5 f.b. . Replaced by dác (dá chét).

Nom. acc. dá n-: aireccar in da nech, ZCP viii 120. 17 . itir cach dá nánraid nincomlaind, MR 176. 5 . dá bráthair a ndá nathair, Anecd. iii 57. 24 . co nderna dá nordain de. TBC-LL¹ 2501 Y. da noss (nom.) LL 246 b 40 .

dé. Instances of a form dé are: na de lurgain (nom.) BDD § 2 LU. eter dé notlaic, Mon. Tall. 138. 30 ( = dí n., ib. 22 ). a dé láim, ib. 150. 16 (acc.). mo de no, Corm. 1059 Y. (nom. neut.). Cf. further Laws i 228 . O'Don. Suppl. s.v. cuae .

Abs. dó (dau) after the definite article: inna dó aili the other two Rawl. 147 a 50 (cf. inna dau sa ón, Ml. 31 b 5 ), and in the prepos. phrases mentioned below. Elsewhere always a dó (Mod. id.): a dó dá cóic twelve Rawl. 147 b 51 ( = LL 146 a 5 ). a dó nóchat ninety-two ZCP iii 18. 13 ; cf. a dáu coicat fifty-two BCr. 42 b . a dó ille ┐ a dó anund, Corm. s.v. deach . a dó díbhsin, Lib. Flav. ii 15 b 2 . 13 . OCT 5.5 . —a ocht do do Domnall ten (sc. years) LL 182 a 5 .

PHRASES: dib línaib on both sides, both . ba miscuis atroilliset dib línaib they had both deserved hatred, Wb. 4 c 15 . 5 d 38 . 9 d 5 . Sg. 6 a 3 . a mbátar ina tig dib línaib, TE 10 LU. dún d.l., SR 1782 . foraib d.l., FDG 63 . eturro d.l., Cog. 178. 9 . doib d.l., 23 E 26 p. 13 .

cechtar (nechtar) dá líno each of the two, Sg. 162 b 2 . Laws pass. , v. 1 lín.

cech dá distrib. laeg la cech da boin ┐ nasc créduma eter cach da laeg, LL 51 a 18 . itir cach dá nánraid, MR 176. 5 . itir cach da chur, 176. 11 ; 178. 13 .

ar dó (i.e. ar dhó) in two: randsat Hérinn ar do, LL 17 a 28 . ata crand in gói...arna roind ar dó, LB 158 a 28 ; ib. 125 a 1 . TFrag. 136. 13 . cor briss a druim ar dó, Acall. 2161 . ib. 2340 . 4486 . 4872 . 6943 . 6998 . Ériu iv 61 (ar dhó). ar a dó id.: doscoilt a sciath ara dó, RC xix 38 § 43 . dogerr M. ara dó, ib. 154 § 137 .

dar dó id.: ruraind Hérind dar dó, LL 261 b 30 . robriss a druimm dar dó, TTr. 2048 . CRR 51 ; = ar dó, Acall. 2161 .

i ndó id.: romemaid i ndó, Mon. Tall. 157. 9 . Sab rainni Hérend i ndó: Escir Riadda ní roengó, LL 155 b 50 . rorand Muir Romuir i ndo, 154 a 39 . 288 a 18 .

i ndé id.: commemaid a druim i nde, LU 20 b 18 . commebaid in claideb i nde, TBC-LL¹ 1305 1328 Y. rosrand in ninse i ndé (LU; ar do YBL) RC ix 4801 ; xxv 346 . Laws i 130. 25 ; ii 80. 17 ; iv 142. 14 ; ii 190. 12 (i né). YBL 114 b 46 . roscáilted i ndé fíal in tempail, LB 247 b 18 .

fo dí twice : Wb. 24 b 22 . FB § 81 (later co fo dī, Rawl. B 502 84 b 34 . See co bo dō below). fichi fa dí forty LL 181 b 19 . 127 b . fa di, Thes. ii 335. 31 . ba di, TFerbe 676 . fo dhí, AFM v 1334. 21 . BS 28. 6 . coeca laech fo dí twice fifty warriors LL 154 b 6 . a uaig dil fo dí O grave twice dear LU 119 b 41 . ba liach dhún fo dhi it was doubly piteous to us B IV 1, 84 b . Trans. RIA iii 538 § 37 . SG 310. 17 . ZCP viii 104. 17 .

fo dó déc twelve times MR 242. 8 . Acall. 4730 .

co bo dó twice : dá dagmac déc cobo dó: sét co soblad ní saebró twenty-four LL 156 b 43 ( coba do, BB 382 b 23 ).

I Two: dá macc, dí ingin, dí birit, dá nó.

II With following comparative twice as : ba dhá bhrónaighe é an oidhche sin ná an chéad oidhche, Éinín Órdha 63. 19 . dá ṁó twice as great: dochonairc meisi gan gó bean as ba dhá ṁó a beann, GJ vi 76 . Corresp. to Mid.-Ir. fo dí, fo dó.

LOC. (In some of the following Da = Do in hypocoristic names) Cell Dá Druim, C. da Chamóc. Cluain Dá Baetóc, C. Dá Chaillech, C. Dá Chrann, C. Dá Dam, C. Dá nEch, C. Dá Én, C. Dá Ḟiach ( LL 318 a 59 ), C. Dá Gamna, ZCP x 362 , C. Dá Locha, C. Dá Mael, C. Dá Ochra, C. Dá Thorc. Fosad Dá Gort. Glenn Dá Bocc, G. Dá Buaile, G. Dá Chon, G. Dá Dub, G. Dá Gruad, G. Dá Locha, G. Dá Lon, G. Dá Maige. Inis Dá Cháirech, I. Dá Dromann, I. Dá Mael. Loch Dá Chaech, L. Dá Dall, L. Dá Dam, L. Dá Éices, L. Dá Én, L. Dá Gabur. Mag Dá Chainnech, M. Dá Cheo, M. Dá Chlaine, M. Dá Chonn, M. Dá Doss, M. Dá Eo, M. Dá Gabul, M. Dá Gabur, M. Dá Gés. Sliab Dá Chích nAnand, S. Dá Chonn, S. Dá Chúl, S. Dá Duma, S. Dá Én, S. Dá Glass, S. Dá Thorc. See Hog. Onom.

dactil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dactil or dil.ie/14115
Last Revised: 2013

n a dactyl. for deib dactilib, Sg. 8 a ii .

déé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. déé or dil.ie/15018

n .i. minna ut est. fir dia ndeib dila .i. dian dila deé fo deib fo minna, O'Dav. 699 . Probably = 2 dee.

1 deibed

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 deibed or dil.ie/15103

n strife, dispute: deibheadh .i. deabhaidh no cathugadh, O'Cl. triur derbráthar gan deib edh , Laud 615, 106 . is doig comma fearrdi beias uar comand deued do denam daib, TTebe 439 . See debuith.

2 deibed

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 deibed or dil.ie/15104

n haste, hurry: deibheadh .i. deithneas, O'Cl. creit in deibedh nó in deithnes bái fair, SG 357.15 . tug deibheadh ar chuirm do chléir, Book of O'Conor Don 229b . beadgais Eimhior uime soin | deib iodh uirre dá ḟéuchain, 322a . See debuith.

2 día

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 día or dil.ie/15847
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: dea, dia, d, dáe, dæ, d, dia, dea, dia, dé, d, dǽi, deé, dia, dia, dea, d, dée, dee, dei, dea, déé, dée, deu, deo, deoa, dee, dea, dei, dea, de, dee, deao, déib, deib, deeb, Dia

n Also dea. Disyll., SR 1905 , 2033 , 2685 ; monosyll., 649 , 1917 , 1950 . Decl. (instances of sense (b) in the sg. are enclosed in brackets). n s. dia, Wb. 31a2 . Ml. 44d14 . ( LL 213b42 . Aen. 1225 . ) ( dea, Sg. 162a4 . Trip.² 584 . ) ( déa, LL 10a35 . Dinds. 85 . ) ( de, Corm. Y 31 . IT iii 62 . ) ( dé, LL 12b47 .) ( dee, Marco P. 37. . Maund. 202 . ) ( díae, Trip. 100 . ) ( dei, TTebe pass. ) v s. d, Wb. 5a7 . Ml. 87a2 . dáe, 43d17 . dæ, 54b19 . d, Wb. 5b9 . dia, RC xvii 143 . a s. dea, Thes. ii 247 ( Trip. 122 ). dia, Wb. 20d1 . Ml. 102d1 . Tur. 26 . g s. dé, Wb. 33c6 . Ml. 19c17 . Hib. Min. 10.324 . SR 1376 . d, Wb. 20d2 . Ml. 14c2 . dǽi, Wb. 22c10 (error?). dee, Thes. ii 247 . deé, ZCP ix 451.27 . dia, PH 301 , 433 . ( dea, LL 123b32 ; 227a20 ( TTr. 733 )). d s. dia, Wb. 14b13 . Ml. 39c7 . dea, Thes. ii 246 . n p. d, Sg. 39a22 . dée, Cóir Anm. 149 . dee, SR 8290 . LL 9a11 . PH 713.731 . Aen. 1494 . dei, TBC-I¹ 1751 ( dee, TBC-LL¹ 2419 ). ZCP vi 57 . Aen. 636 . CCath. 1013 (this form common in classical adaptions). dea, Aen. 817 . v p. déé, Acall. 5994 . dée, ZCP vi 57 . a p. deu, Wb. 8c11 . TBC-I¹ 1023 . deo, Sg. 217b3 . deoa, Alex. 905 . dee, RC xiv 406 . PH 740 . dea, Aen. 2956 . dei, Marco P. 32 . Aen. 1376 . g p. dea, Sg. 162a3 . TBC-I¹ 1750 . ( dee, TBC-LL¹ 2419 . ) LL 10b26 . de, LL 35a42 . dee, PH 1352 . deao, (facs.), Aen. 1025 . d p. déib , Sg. 39b14 . deib , TE 14 (Eg.) . deeib, PH 715 . deeb, Ériu ii 196 . PH 709 .

(a) God: intan durairngert Dia du Abracham, Wb. 33d10 . rad Dǽ God's grace , 21c10 . buaid Maicc Dé, Fél. Feb. 15 . fri Di[a] n-athir, Tur. 26 . cuir do smuaintigthi a nDia, SG 41.34 . Later Dia athar. Cf. BNnÉ 196 . a Dhe athar uile-cumachtaidh, Lib. Flav. ii 2vb 38 . Ísu Crist mac Dé athar, PH 8353 . Dia dia dídin may God protect it, BColm. 82 . ar Dia for God's sake: fedba irescha ar Dia, RC iv 254 . In salutations (but see Éigse x 96-102 ): Dia do betha hail! Aisl. Tond. p. 101 . Dia do betha a m'anum, a C., Acall. 7433 . Dé do betha, a ógh, 3 B 22, 70b21 . Dia do bheatha a Mheic Mhuire, A. Ó Dálaigh xliv 1 . narab Dia do betha a bháis, Ériu viii 92 . Dia beatha, ib. Dia beatha mo bhráthar, A. Ó Dálaigh xlvi 2 , 3 . Dia beatha i gclí dar gcabhair, 3 , 5 . Dia lib Dominus vobiscum, LB 262a4 . Dia lat, Todd Lect. vi 65 . Exclamations, etc.: a Dhē bethad! ba bēd bróin ēg ui E., BB 58a39 . ar Dia frib! lēgid uaib me! for God's sake, Anecd. iii 9 . ar Dia rit . . . abair th'fáisitin, SG 41.10 . teaccaisc mé ar Dia frit, ar espoc M. . . . adeirim rit ar Dia cáin pecadh na carat, 41.32 . Dia fris cena, is ingnad in gnim as God is witness, CCath. 3183 . Dia fris, as dall an t-aiccnedh don lucht lasar ferr fuil do thodhail . . . inas C. do clodh gan telccud fola, 4583 . Dia fris, cidh innso?, 4818 . Cf. perhaps, dia re na ccomal uaimsi, ol Meadhbh, ZCP x 277 . In n.pr. Cailleach Dē, ingen Huī Eidin, Lec. 392b26 .

Compd. ¤aithis blasphemy: as blasfeim eitricemhuil (sic leg.) .i. dia-aithis sin do radh le Dia, Luc. Fid. 358 .

(b) god, goddess, supernatural being, object of worship (cf. 3 Dea supra): dorigénsat . . . deu diib, Wb. 7d10 . dé nemdai gl. caelestibus, Sg. 39a22 . nomen do lestur bís oc edpartaib do deib , 56b7 . co fessed cia bad mó nert | a nDiasom no dia Egept, SR 3848 . dia catha . . . dianda nomen Mars , Corm. Y 892 . Net .i. dia catha, O'Dav. 1289 . am fisid (sic leg.) i cerdaib dei druidechtai, ZCP iii 236 = conidam fissid . . . hi cerdaib dé druidechta, LU 10304 . beandacht dea ┐ anai fort, olse. dei leosom int æs cumachta ┐ ana iint æs trebtha, TBC-I¹ 1750 ( TBC-LL¹ 2419 ). tongu do dia toingthe hUlaid, 3625 . atbiursa mo dee I swear by my gods, RC xiv 406 . dei ídal, O'Mulc. 469 . bá día talmhan dóibh é ar mhét a chumachta, Cóir Anm. 150 (i.e. the Dagda). inn a síthaib, in do deib dúib?, Trip. 100 . do rúmenutar ba dea in draicc, PH 6290 . a mordéé adhartha (exclam.), Acall. 5994 . seinser gacha duine as dia adhartha dhoibh, Marco P. 110 . demhna ┐ dei aerdha, 32 . na cuirp . . . d'edbairt dona deib adartha, TTebe 2219 . rot-bennachat do dei adurtha, CCath. 4036 . Ismen dei an srotha sin a mathair, 3573 . is dona deeib adartha chreidim, BCC § 87 . is iodhail uile dhée na ndaóine, Psalms xcvi 5 . dia dá mhaoin is mairg do-ní unhappy the man who makes a god of his wealth, DDána 22.2 .

tene dia St. Anthony's fire, erysipelas: efrempila .i. teni dhiadh, Thr. Med. Gl. C 133 . sacer ignis .i. tene dhia, 23 K 42, 323.19 . (acidula) as mór ḟoghnus a n-aghaidh na teine dhia, 330.z . (anthera) ceirin do ghéunamh dhe ┐ a cur ar an teine dhiadh, 355.15 (cf. 1 dé). an sugh do cur ar an teine ndiagh, 23 O 23, 21 b41 . ar tenid diath, 24b3 , 90a5 . Cf. tene dia gl. flemen, Sg. 96b1 . Perh. to be referred to 1 dé.

See 1 teine.

1 doén

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 doén or dil.ie/17554
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: daen, doin, doen, daena, doengein, daengus

n (duine) (poet. term) human being: airddiu dēib doen (.i. duni) a mortal higher than the gods, LL 311b17 ( Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 23 , cf. Ériu xiii 156 ). atotfugéra cech dóin, Fianaig. 14 . cia doen, cia dia (.i. cia an duine no an dea), Leb. Gab.(i) 266 = cia dain, LL 12b47 ( IT iii 61 ). foimned digal doen dogni let the mortal who does so beware of punishment, ZCP vii 312 . nā diuberar nach daen dia daghmāinib, ZCP xii 365 . connaba cumhachta do nach doen ara tairchella rosc 'so that no mortal will be able to see them all', TBith.² 213 § 92 . nad inand airlither Dia do gach dáen, Anecd. v 23 . daen, O'Dav. 342 ; 585 (daon, doin). doen, Rawl. 125b10 . a p. fēgh na daena , ACL iii 295 § 31 . Cant term for an ollave (?): co dib rannuib for a .x. dílsem do doen (.i. ollam), IT iii 31 (do daen, v.l.) (but gl. perhaps refers only to special application of term and is not meant as a definition).

Compds. ¤ár slaughter of men: dringed dar dronga dōenā[i]r (sic leg.?) he pressed through slaughtered hosts (?), AFM 940 (: Faoláin). ¤bras: dún dond daenbras (: taebglas) populous (?), Anecd. i 68 . ¤chonn human reason (?): (Of beer) escongae ad-ling macc (MS. meic) cach dóenchuinn 'whip that pounces on the son of any human reason (i.e. rational being)' Éigse xxxvii 77 § 5 . ¤gein human-born. g p. Adam athair doene doengein (: óengein), Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 42 § 50 ( Rawl. 115b36 ). ¤gnás: for doéngnas `in human use', ACC 31 ( RC xx 170 ). ¤gus human power, force: daongus (.i. daingen), LL 393a5 = daengus, BB 134a44 ( Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 21 ). ¤ogam, Auraic. 5709 . See doénchaire.

do-indnaig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-indnaig or dil.ie/17889
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: doindnaich, do-n-indnig-som, tonindnaig, tinnagat, do-ndn-indinsin-se, duindainsed, tindnised, do-dn-indnasti-se, do-n-indin, -tidnastis, duécomnacht, do-n-écomnacht, tecomnacht, dorindnacht, doindnagar, tindnagtar, doindnastar, doindnasatar, doindnastar, doinnasatar, doindnacht, doécomnacht, teícomnacht, do-r-rindnacht, thinnachtae, tindnacol, doidnais, do-ridnacht, dorignacht, doeccomnacht, doridhnacht, rot(h)idnacht, tidnastar, doridnacht, tidnaicid, doridnaic, tidnacad, tindlaig-, dosrindlacht, doninnlaic, tindlacan, tidlaig-, tidlacad, tidnais, tidnais, t[h]idnuis

v (* to-ind-anag, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 456 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. doindnaich, Sg. 27b12 . do-n-indnig-som, Wb. 28a17 . tonindnaig, LL 13889 . 3 pl. rel. tinnagat, Ml. 93a20 . Subj. impf. 1 s. do-ndn-indinsin-se, Wb. 9b7 . 3 s. duindainsed, Ml. 78b18 . mani tindnised , Wb. 4b13 . 2 pl. do-dn-indnasti-se, 9b7 . Fut. 3 s. lasse do-n-indin , 13b29 . Condit. 3 pl. -tidnastis, Fing. R. 896 . Perf. (with -com-) 2 s. duécomnacht, Ml. 77c5 . 3 s. óre do-n-écomnacht , Wb. 1a1 . rel. tecomnacht, 26d23 . (with -ro-) dorindnacht, SR 124 (see GOI § 533 ).

Pass. pres. s. doindnagar, Wb. 16d14 . pl. rel. tindnagtar, 15c2 . Subj. pres. s. doindnastar, Ml. 142d1 . pl. doindnasatar, Wb. 17a2 . Fut. s. doindnastar, Ml. 46c20 . pl. doinnasatar, 30c17 . Pret. doindnacht, ACL iii 296 § 43 . Perf. (with -com-) doécomnacht, Wb. 14c33 . frisa teícomnacht , 19c8 . (with -ro-) do-r-rindnacht, 20d15 (see GOI § 533 ). Part. thinnachtae, Ml. 126d12 . Vn. tindnacol.

In Mid.Ir. the above stem is generally replaced by follg.:

(a) do-idnaig-: Fut. 2 s. doidnais, ZCP iii 210.12 ( LU 9633 ). Perf. 3 s. do-ridnacht, SR 1469 , 2020 , etc., dorignacht, 2672 . doeccomnacht .i. doridhnacht , O'Dav. 792 . rot(h)idnacht, SR 1977 , 2633 , etc. Pass. fut. s. tidnastar, ZCP ix 454.26 . PH 5144. 6918 . Perf. doridnacht, Ériu iv 158.18 . Fél. Nov. 12 v.l., Anecd. ii 9.5 . Later as simple vb. tidnaicid (note also perf. 3 s. doridnaic, Alex. 632 ). Vn. tidnacad.

(b) tindlaig-: Perf. dosrindlacht, IT iii 64.6 (= dosrinnlach, 22 ); doninnlaic (dotnindlaic, v.l.), O'Dav. 1522 ; usually as simple vb., vn. tindlacan.

(c) tidlaig-, treated as simple vb., vn. tidlacad.

(d) tidnais-: ipv. 2 s. tidnais comarli dam, MacCongl.² 29.892 . pret. 3 s. tidnais oen dó, MacCongl.² 20.613 . messi t[h]idnuis robud duit araír, MacCongl.² 27.852 .

See IGT Verbs § 56 .

(a) gives, bestows, grants, hands over (with DO of recipient): translates Lat. largiri, Ml. 93a20 ; contribuere, 78b18 ; distribuere, Sg. 27b12 ; tradere, Wb. 4b13 , 9b7 , 13b29 . Ml. 126d12 . mrechtrad inna ndáne tindnagtar do chách, Wb. 15a2 . in soinmigi duécomnacht dun, Ml. 77c5 . dorindnacht soas do Chummain, Fél. Nov. 12 . rí doridnacht talam tlacht | do Adaum, SR 1469 . rí rothidnacht do doenib | domun cona degmóinib, 1977 . ni tidnaic deorad De what a pilgrim bestows, Laws v 438.16 . co nus-tidnaicce Dia duit bethaid suthain, PH 6631 . i n tan na tidnaicc do bochtaib a chuit áine, 8373 . in spirut nóeb . . . tínaiced a rath in bale is áil dó, 5493 . tidnaig a dig do, Anecd. i 14.19 . tindlaicc dam aeib is eolus, BB 399a31 . caith a ndothidnacht Dia duid, Ériu i 46.9 . cid mor maithiusa notidnaiced in toictiu dó, CCath. 1090 . soilse ind Righ thidnaicis in flaith; soilse na noeb dia tidnacar, Ériu ii 144 § 161 . With omission of obj.: acht mad doene anforbthi . . . dōib-sede nī thidnaice, ACL iii 316 § 44 = doib noco comtidnais, LB 261a55 . Rarely with accus. of pers.: bendac[h]fuid cāch, cac[h] oc a bennochad; tidnocfaid cāch, cāch oc a t[h]idnocol, ZCP ix 455 . With FOR of pers.: méit donindnagar fornni fochith, Wb. 14b15 . Of offering in sacrifice: muirfidhter da fer .x. gach lai ┐ tidnaicfidhter dona deib , Ériu v 154 . Delivers up, hands over: [du]ecomnacht Dia in cathraig hi lāma Cald, Ml. 54c18 . morfessur clainne Saóil | dosridnacht Dauid . . . | i lamaib Ammoníta, SR 6747 . mani bed drochduine he, ni thindlécmais-ne det-siu he, PH 2699 . mairc . . . don tí triasa tídnustar mac duine fri croich, 5144 . do tionnlaicedh O Donnabhán do M., Cog. 88.2 . go dtiodhlaicidh an Tighearna thú ar dtuitim do láthair do námhad (= tradat te Dominus corruentem ante hostes tuos), TSh. 9705 . Hands down (of tradition, etc.): is é rotomais ina fuil itir firmamint ┐ grēin ┐ doridnacht do rimairib, Laws i 28.12 ( SR 124 ). tidnaic sen do tsin one senior conveys (tradition) to another, 36.19 . isuide dodnidnaig cluais do cluais do comceniuil (of a claim regarding tenure of land which is based on family tradition), iv 286.1 .

(b) brings, conveys, conducts (this sense seems confined to stem tidlaic- or tindlaic-): co ba trí do hinnlaicedh don Róimh eiséin thrice it was taken to Rome, SG 31.37 . ratinnlaicidh ar amus Comghaill iat, KMMisc. 321 v.l. § 4 n. 1 . guidh an Coimdhiu . . . co rotidlaici tu cusan creidem, RC x 184 .

dolbaid, doilbid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dolbaid, doilbid or dil.ie/18005

Forms: doilbthe, dolbud

v (dolb)

(a) fashions, shapes, forms: dondí rodndolbi gl. finxit (of a potter), Wb. 4c26 . secht n-ingena dolbte snāthi macc n-āesmar who fashion the threads, Misc. Hib. ii 4 p. 19 . in nath fhoirtceadhach dholbhaim (.i. chumaim), Hard. ii 290 .

(b) Esp. of magic formation: nathracha . . . dolbsat a fuath día flescaib, SR 3852 . dolbit drúith na nDéisse senaithech hir-richt bó, Ériu iii 141 . dolbit clann Chalatin na sluaig im Emain Macha, LL 119a13 . dolbfamaitne (dolfamne, v.l.) sé muca uaib-si, Anecd. ii 62 . dona hurtroighib rodolba Banba do macaib Miled the phantoms which B. formed to [ward off] the sons of M., Corm. Y 949 . rodolbsat [Tuatha D.D.] temel . . . dar gréin, Lec. 23b39 . With transference of obj. transforms (esp. reflex. folld. by I N-): fer cumachta . . . notolbad in cach richt ba halic leis who used to change himself into any form he wished, FB § 75 . rosdolbsat lucht int síde sin hi sluagu, RC xxii 401 . rosdolbsetar i ndelbaibh ṅdam n-allaidh, LL 170a30 .

(c) In wider sense fabricates, invents (of something false): nodolbtais gnímu dam do dénum they used to invent deeds that I had done, Ml. 54c12 . rodolbsat filedu sulgaire na faidble bréci, LB 238(c)b 48 . rodoilbit sceoil bregi . . . al-lus Cesair, CCath. 750 . na tuscair[n]ti nodoilbtis, 767 . rodolbhadh sccél éiccin chuicce co rogabhadh ┐ co rocrochadh, AFM v 1752 . Pretends, feigns: a tóla adchí dolbthai (= dolbaid-i) iarum is a tothóchaide he feigns it afterwards for a future time, Per. 64a1 ( Thes. ii 229.33 ). rodolbsat genti a mbreith dona deib pretended that they were carried off by the gods, BB 425a28 . ró dolb cotlud do dénam, Trip.² 2172 . dolbais ba marb Fithir, LL 4894 .

(d) devises, contrives, brings about (by fraud or magic): ised rodolpset . . . fer dia muntir do thobairt for fuatt amal bid marb, Lat. Lives 12 . rodolbsat tria druidhecht combad druim muicce ind inis, Lec. 28a26 . rodholbhsat tria draoidheacht co ttarfas do macaibh M. nár bo hiath . . . an crioch, Leb. Gab.(i) 250 . ? mad anbuain galair no egin no uisci dolba air gan fregra do tobairt, O'Curry 304 ( H 3.18 167 ).

Part. doilbthe. Vn. dolbud.

-frisnéid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. -frisnéid or dil.ie/24374

v (*friss-indét `tells, relates:' ?): frisneidh .i. foiraisneidh no innis, O'Cl. frisned feg foc[h]marc `relate' (? inquire) Leb. Gab.(i) i 282 = fris deib , LL 14b38 , frisdeid, BB 42a52 . See fresndís, fresnésid.

fúathaigthe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fúathaigthe or dil.ie/24719

(part. of 1 fúathaigid) figured, feigned: i sliab nOlifet no i sliab fhuathaigthe aile (= in montem O. vel figuratum) PH 4866 . prestrigia .i. esergi fuathaigthi amal in pitóndacht fictitious, bogus LU 2704 ( RC xxv 250 ). dona deib ... balbhaibh fuathaighfib [sic] LB 279b50 .

gníid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gníid or dil.ie/26217

Forms: n-a-gníu-sa, gniid, gniith, gníthi-sium, gnís, nodgní, gníte, gniad, gnid, gnete, n-gnemmis, n-gnetis, gēnde, gēnais, rogéni, rogenset, -gníset, gnisit, gnisset, gnither, gnaither, gnitir, gniter, génthir, rongníth, rognítha, -rognatha, remgnethi, margnethi, caingnethi

v i O. Ir. forms :

Ind. pres. 1 s. n-a-gníu-sa, Wb. 3c30 . 3 s. gniid, Sg. 199a5 . gniith, Wb. 21b2 . With affixed pron., gníthi-sium, Ml. 30b20 . rel. gnís, Wb. 21b2 . Sg. 143a6 . nodgní, 209b22 . 3 pl. rel. gníte, 156b7 .

Impf. 3 s. gniad, SR 2743 . 2 pl. gnid, Wb. 33a17 .

Subj. pres. 3 pl. rel. gnete, Ml. 125c3 .

Subj. impf. co n-gnemmis , Wb. 4a9 . trisa n-gnetis , Ml. 23a2 .

Fut. 3 pl. rel. gēnde, Thes. i 714.10 .

Pret. 3 s. gēnais, Hy. v 11 . rogéni, Ml. 48c6 . Wb. 3c25 . pl. rogenset, Ml. 80c6 . (Later rogní, -gníset; gnisit, SR 4077 ; gnisset, 4197 .)

Pass pres. s. gnither, Sg. 140a2 . gnaither, Ml. 38a5 . pl. gnitir, ib. rel. gniter, Ml. 21c3 . fut. s. génthir (sic), BCr. 44b3 . pret. s. rongníth, Ml. 14a18 . pl. rognítha, 115b4 . -rognatha, ib. and 39a24 . part. a p. inna gnimu gnethi, Ml. 115b2 . Cf. remgnethi (gl. ante acti), 103d15 . margnethi (gl. magnifica), 126c6 . inna caingnethi (gl. bene acta), 22d18 . vn. 1 gním u, m., q.v.

In general sense acts, does, makes: gl. agere, Ml. 14a18 ; 125c3 . Thes. i 714.10 . peragere, Ml. 48c6 . actitare, BCr. 44b3 .

I Intrans. acts, works: amal gnīs tra Crist in iustis. ... is samlid ... gniith demun in filiis defidentiae, Wb. 21b2 . is hinonn persan gnís ┐ fodaim who acts and suffers, Sg. 143a6 . gníd, amal cech mog, Fél. 4.12 . gníad ísel fri hard let him act humbly ..., Ériu iii 98 § 13.

II Trans.

(a) makes, constructs: mur d'argut ... rognid im cach oen ḟaith[chi], SR 384 . secht ṁbenna ... gnitis dind or, 4343 . ra gniad ra Meidb dunibuali ... ar cind Conchobair, TBC-LL¹ 5134 . rognithea a mbotha, CRR § 24 . etrachta gnuisi ind Righ mair ro gni cach nduil, Ériu ii 142 § 155 . Maelsuthain is he rosgni (of a poem), ZCP v 499 § 10.

(b) With abstract or vn. as obj. does, performs, executes , etc.: co ngnemmis gnímu colno, Wb. 4a9 . huaræ ata ngnímai nui nadrognatha riam rognítha and, Ml. 115b4 . ar cach n-omgním gníset for every cruel deed they did, Metr. Dinds. iii 4.47 . trisa n-gnetis aithirgi, Ml. 23a2 . is hé in peccad rogéni anuile comaccobor, Wb. 3c25 . figell āine, ernaigthe, | almsan tan nosgēne, Ériu ii 172 § 5 . ni gníand nách ṅdímáin, PH 5917 ( LB 68b12 ). roniat-som airisiumh `rested,' Marco P. § 56 . rugéne ... A. atlugud búdi dona déib , TTr.² 1935 . rogníset atlugthi buidhe, ACL iii 10 § 11 . gníset cairddes, Metr. Dinds. iii 244.31 . gnisit caratrad fri Fomorib, RC xii 58 § 8 . gnisit cathu fought, waged ..., SR 4077 . gniid cathu, SCC 18 . intí gnifes catha fria demhna, Lism. L. 3778 . cindus rogentais cathugudh, Aen. 2074 . āth forsinngēnathar a gleō, TBC-I¹ 1140 . gníset gleic gairb, Metr. Dinds. iii 372.69 . rogniad comairle la Ultaib the U. took counsel together, CRR § 9 . gnithir feis Temra la hE., Ériu ii 178.17 . gníset óenach cóir Carmain, Metr. Dinds. iii 12.151 . rogní ... int ord forcetail ┐ celipartha, Fl. Earls 136.34 ; ib. 9 . no gniad druidechta, LU 9007 ( FB 75 ). gnít sealga they hunt, Cóir Anm. § 70 ( IT iii 318.24 ). Cf. further: súil cháirech eter da rethi gnii-siu etrum-sa ┐ Eogan thou makest sheep's eyes at Eogan and me, IT i 82.1 ( LMU 315 ). gniat cach a aimsir let each man have his day (lit. do his time), Lism. L. 1547 . roraid ... nogenad einech Troianna `... make the Trojans honoured,' TTr. 867 ( LL 228b49 ). aigne .i. ... fer gníes ái, Corm. Y 74 . seol gnius no gnimaiges fuithib (of chips) the direction he gives them, Laws iii 226.24 .

(c) exercises (horses): do ghníeas m'eocha I have exercised my horses, IGT Introd. § 78 . See 1 gním for further exx.

ídal, ídol

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ídal, ídol or dil.ie/27176

Forms: ídol, ídal, idal, i., Ídhal, Iúdhal

n o, m. (Lat. īdōlum). Written ídol in Wb., ídal in Ml. and later.

(a) an idol; sometimes a false god although dei idal (pl.) occurs twice for this: īdol ab idolo ... forma isin laitin. Unde idolum .i. delba ┐ arracht[a] inna [n]dūlae dognītis in geinti, Corm. Y 751. inna túari adopartar dond ídol, Wb. 10c1 . for altóir ind ídil, 6 . amal fongníter ídil as idols are served, 27b9 . in doini adordais inna idlu lstrok;. ind idail fadesin, Ml. 36d16 . dechur tadbat som itir dóini ┐ idlu cruthaigter foa cosmailius, 138c1 . ní fitir idal inna inchlidi amal rundfitir dia `knows not the hidden things,' 140c10 . fer ... adhartha idhal `an idolater ,' Ériu ii 116 § 47. apair fris, nacha n-erbbad i n-ídlu, ZCP xi 88 § 57. ar ṡacart ind ídail (v.ll. igail, idhail), Fél. Ep. 548. gin udbairt do deib i.¤ (g p. used attributively), Laws i 44.15 Comm. dofoethsat na hídala | dee duib na ngeinte cuilech, SR 8289. ic adrad Chroim Chróich rig-idail hErend, LL 16b30 . ro trascair hidalu ┐ arrachtu immda, PH 536. Astoróth a ainm in hídail, 1945 . in deman do-s-bered freccra díb as in í.¤ , 2034 . do Ioib, ar ba omnipotens léosam a ngeintib in t-idol sin, O'Mulc. 213. tar Pul, dar Ercle, dei í.¤ leosum indsin, 469 . ni dhéantaoi dhaoibh féin íodhuil ... nó íomháigh ghrábhálta, Levit. xxvi 1. an é an fearso ... an t-iodhal briste tarcuisneach `a despised broken idol,' Jeremiah xxii 28.

(b) idolater: oll ní ni i.¤ .i. is oll in trenfer hé ┐ noco n-idlacht dognith, LU 998 (ACC). tría thuaith na n-í.¤ , 1070 . gilla gargmōr | ic guin ī.¤ `Götzendiener,' Bruchst. § 23. comaillfithir d'Ēirinn | īdail dar a hora, ACL iii 240 § 1. idhul fil ann, .i. deman cailligi, Lism. L. x 23. doréir ídail ic draidecht `according to the will of an idolater working magic,' RC xxiii 414.4 . gnímhradh idhul ┐ ainchreitmech, Marco P. § 1.

In a more general sense, wicked or sacrilegious men: tuc ... da riagad | na hiuidail, da n-ilpianad (of the slayers of Cellach), Metr. Dinds. iii 416.34 .

(c) By transference, a Jew: Ídhal, Iúdhal , IGT Decl. § 11.16 . ba aprainn na hIdhuil co hard iar n-ēguibh righ, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 16.14 . Iudás ... do thairbhir ... Iosa ... fo lamhaibh na nIodhal, BNnÉ i 66.30 . congmaid Idhail an talman sin an berla [E]abhra, Maund. § 237. gu nderna mé écht Ídhail | a ndíghail chrécht Dé dúiligh, IGT Decl. ex. 426. ar teiteadh an nintsamlaighthi re hiughlaibh `for the sake of shunning comparison between themselves and Jews,' O'Gr. Cat. 309.36. do eithidis na hiudhail an iodhbairt shitheach, Luc. Fid. 247.17 .

Compds. ¤adarthach idolatrous: crodacht ... na pontifici hí., PH 404. dobretha techta ... hidal-adarthacha di-a shúr, 539 . d'ecla int sloig' ... echtrand hídal-ádarthaig, LB 154b38 . ¤adrthóir, ¤adraigtheóir an idolater: an t-iodhaladhrthoir, Luc. Fid. 216.2 . go ndernsiad iodhaladhra no gurab iodhaladhrthóiridh iad, 194.y . fuagra air mur iodhaladhraightheoir, 195.15 . ¤adrad idolatry: cathair na-r-fhacaib in t-í., PH 2424. tre geintlidhecht ocus tre iodhaladhradh, Cog. 114.29 . iodhaladhradh do dhéanamh ... do Chrom Chruaidh, Keat. ii 1925. g s. as attrib., idolatrous: a shacairt hidal-adartha, PH 378. a luchd iodhaladhruidh, 1 Corinth. v 10. ¤brug temple of idols: mairg adhrus an té isa hadhbha an t-íodhalbhrugh, Aithd. D. 76 § 8. ¤dathach coloured like an idol, like an image?: abrut ídlaidi ídaldathach, TTr. 1558. ¤idpairt an idol-offering: co caithdís feola mucc ┐ ídal-idpurtai, PH 6569. ¤tech temple, heathen temple: ind idaltaigae gl. fani, Sg. 66a19 . fecht ... do M. ic loscud idaltige = cum fano ignem injecisset, Lat. Lives 94.13 . ro garad chuige sacart hídaltaig (leg. —taige) in Ióib grianda, LB 207b49 . luidh isin idhailtech ┐ nobid ec edhpairt dona deib , RC xlvi 227.15 .

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