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1 dlúth, dlúith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dlúth, dlúith or dil.ie/17082

 

Forms: dluith, dluthi, dluith, dluidhibh

adj (also occas. with -ŭ-, see Celtica iii 177 ) close, compact, dense: dluith (gl. densus), Ir. Gl. 636 . ont sluag d.¤ gl. denso agmine, Gild. Lor. 39 . cini dlúith lib int oíntu sin though ye do not deem that union close, Wb. 12b9 . dluthi gl. condensa, Ml. 48d18 ; gl. densatas, 120d13 . in talam dluith do indluch, 129d8 . lassa lar ṅdluith continenti solo, 89d18 . cona dlumaib dluthaib, SR 3367 . ni regat cuirp na hesergi tri churpa dluthi dense bodies, PH 6745 . hi corpaib dlútaib ┐ i corpaib tiugaidib bias esergi . . . ní i corpaib sémib mar aer nó gáith substantial, RC xxv 244 . rochumaiscseadar neoill . . . na firmaminti cor-ua dorchatu dluith iter muir ┐ tir, TTebe 1964 . doratsat dorchai dluthi dar Mag nÁi (= tenebras densas), Lat. Lives p. 23 . fidhnemhedh dlúith, CCath. 1766 . do-sn-eim dos dluit[h], Fianaig. 14 . i mmullach croinn dosaigh dhlúith, BS § 61 . na coillti . . . is dluithi ┐ is doimtachta densest and most impenetrable, CF 820 . (Arann) d.¤ a fraigred re fedhaib, SG 102 . cath dlúith daingean do dhéanamh dóibh féin, Keat. iii 4435 . fāl-airbi firdluith Frangc, MR 214 . cor-ba dluithither re cleith . . . in lini sleg, TTebe 2822 . criathar dluith a close (fine-meshed) sieve, PCT 1120 . ionar . . . co cciumhius dluith deghfhighthi, BS § 8 . cochlān caemdlūith, Fianaig. 50 . luiriuch dluith, CCath. 4677 . tucadar dubgona dluithi ar a cheli close together (i.e. numerous, repeated), CF 129 . póga dlúithe, Book of O'Conor Don 273a19 . Close, in proximity (to): leath atōibe (.i. as dluith) co dú . . ., PH 6689 . gér dhlúith dá chéile ar gcumann, DDána 101.44 . an t-allus becc . . . teagmaidh se ona póirib do ueith dlúith closed up, 3 C 22, 19a4 . in sele geal dluith no cnapanach thick, viscous , 3 C 19, 247 ra 11 . Of a sound: as dluithe ┐ as daingne dochluinnteir an guth ann (i.e. the sound is focused in that position), 24 P 3, 183.18 . Fig. nā tuill buide mblāith | fria duine nach dlúith `one who is not steadfast', KMMisc. 274 . gut[h] blāith im deismerecht dluith cogent proof (example ?), ACL iii 306 . ropat dlúthe a nadmann firm, binding , Tec. Corm. § 6.47 . isnaib cānaib dlūthib stringent (?), Corm. Y 48 . With FRI: is dlúith fri Críst mo chaingean `with C. my cause is bound up closely', SG 55 . Compar. feibh is dlúite rotaitset braenghal ferthana, CCath. 1282 . Adv. tuirt mor do maithib Grég ina thimchell co dluith close around him, Alex. 66 . ata [Milan] ar n-a suidhiughadh co comhfhairsing dluith daoinechar ar ferannetc., compactly, Fl. Earls 96 . Repeatedly, assiduously, intently: pōigis hē cu dluith ┐ cu dicrach, Lib. Flav. ii 2 va 50 . co dluith denmnetach ic a tuargain, CCath. 5754 .

As subst. in pl.: a catha, . . . a drobeala, a dlutha, a donala, tight corners, fixes (?), Ériu iv 162 . tuighe rigbaile ic a scuabadh ina dluidhibh deilighthe re gaith in separate masses, CCath. 5896 (perh. d p. of dlúthe).

Compds.

(a) With nouns: ¤buaile: gur hosluiced dorus . . . ar in n-dluthbhuailid close phalanx, Caithr. CC 33.5 . ¤chertugud: ag dingi ┐ ag d. na n-allmurach a ceann a cheili pressing hard, CF 806 . ¤chiall : dlūith-ciall i cáinstarib, ACL iii 218 § 5 . ¤chomrád intimate (eager?) conversation: dlúthcomhradh in churadh . . . ré na giolla, TBC-LL¹ p. 481 . dluthchomhrádh na bhfer, Acall. 235 . ¤chros: a dhlúthchros fa dtú ag tuirrse | tú mhúchfas mo mheadhair-se, DDána 65.2 . ¤ecor dense array: daire dluithegair, Ériu iii 164 . ¤éra a blank refusal , Top. Poems 10 . ¤ḟid: a ndiamair an dluithḟeda, AFM vi 1918 . ¤gluasacht: coill gan crith duille gan dluthgluasacht, Lib. Flav. ii 6 rb 28 . ¤imáin: ag dírgheadh ┐ acc dlúithiomáin a shelbha driving in a dense herd, AFM vi 2198 . ¤mong: d. clustering hair , DDána 99.32 . ¤néll: a mbith ina ndluithne[o]ll . . . isin aer uassaibh, CCath. 5661 . ¤ṡnechta: in cith dluithsnechta ro fear ann, RC xxiii 418 § 32 .

(b) With adjj.: ¤aimréid: fo choilltibh ndosach ndlúithaimhréidh dense and rugged , AFM vi 1912 . ¤barrach: doisiubair dluthbarracha, CCath. 4109 . ¤choem: noí mbaindelba dluthchoema `fair and firm', Metr. Dinds. ii 28 . ¤daingen. adv. ro coirighset co d. immo tigerna, CCath. 5786 . ¤iatta: i gcarcair . . . dúnta dlúith-iatta, TSh. 2710 . ¤maisech: mong donnchas dluthmaisech, BB 427b26 . ¤mer: comrac dluthmhear, CF 484 . ¤niamda: iorradh daingen dlúithniamda ` well-knit, flashing armour ', O'Gr. Cat. 376 . ¤ṡlim: dot chéib dhluithslim, O'Gr. Cat. 411 .

(c) With vbs.: ¤daingnigid: ro dlúthdaingnighit doirsi na cathrach `were closely secured', CCath. 1712 . ¤dingid: ro dluthdingset cach i cend araili `pressed hard', CCath. 3174 . ¤lenaid: mairg dan dluithleanann an daidbreas closely follows , Lib. Flav. ii 5 rb 53 . ¤scaraid: ó dhlúthsgarais mise is mo bhean, Gadelica 257 .

1 síd, síth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 síd, síth or dil.ie/37441
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: síodh, sídh, sídhe, síodha, sídbrugach

n (cf. 2 síd?) but see Études Celt. xix 141 . s, n. later u and o, m. and ā, f. síodh m. and f. g s. sídh, sídhe, síodha, IGT Decl. § 39 , § 46 . See Stokes, KZ xxviii 292 .

I

(a) a fairy hill or mound: sed illos uiros side aut deorum terrenorum aut fantassiam estimauerunt , Trip. ii 315.6 ( Ardm. fo. 12a ) (but side might mean 'fairies' here and be glossed aut deorum terrenorum, Celtic Language, Celtic Culture 76 n. 6 ) = doruimenatar bádis fir ṡíthe no fantaissi, Lat. Lives 25.12 . indrit in sid nuili, RC iii 346.15 ( Aisl. Óeng. 11 ). dolluid . . . co tech mBoidb co Sid Fer Femoin, RC iii 345.13 ( Aisl. Óeng. 7 ). Etain do bith i sith Breg Leith iarna breth do Midir inn, IT i 129.23 (TE Eg.). cid menic imthigi in s.¤ , LU 3541 ( SCC 29 ). ic innisin oibniusa in tsída, LU 3740 ( SCC 34 ). ros dolbsat iarom lucht in tsíde sin hi slúagu, LU 8017 . Étaín missi, ingen Étair rí Eochraidi a sídaib. Atúsa sund fichit mblíadna ó ro génair i s.¤ , BDD² 52 . fir in tsíde eter rígu ┐ chaemu ocum chuindchid, 53 . génait ┐ ní génaiter (sic leg.), úair is a s.¤ doib, 783 . docher Suibni, sid n-uailli `seat of pride', RC xxiii 312 § 34 . teora mna a sidhaib, Laws v 472.14 Comm . iss messe do athair a ssídib, .i. Lug mac Ethlend, TBC-LL¹ p. 343 n. 11 . for a ur . . . | fail a shíd, a sháerduma, Metr. Dinds. iv 2.12 . is fair rogniset fir hErend sid in broga, LL 9b19 . a c[h]araid c[h]umachta do Thuathaib Dé Danann .i. Aodān a Sīdh Dabilla . . . ┐ Derg a Sīdh Deirg ┐ Aongus an Brogha, ML² 1260 - 2 . ar badair oslaicte sidha Erenn im samain dogres, RC v 202.16 . ro tathaigedh an sith cach bliadain aidhchi ṡamna, xvii 416.28 (Tig.). i sithaib ┐ i sithbrugaib, Cog. 172.15 . míle cémeand do-cluinte | sídhe Éreand osgailte, IGT Decl. ex. 1259 . ní fríoth a ndíol do dhigh shúain | an lión do-chúaidh sibh a sídh, ex. 1103 . Very freq. in place-names: Síd n-Aeda, Síd ar Femin, Síd Ban Find, etc. See Hog. Onom.

(b) g s. as attrib.: condat mná sidi rom thathigset, LU 3515 ( SCC 28 ). conid taibsiu aidmillti do Choin Chulaind la háes sidi sin ar ba mór in cumachta demnach ria cretim, LU 4035 ( SCC 49 ). inrice feraib side, LU 3635 ( SCC 31 ). céol side, LU 3802 ( SCC 37 ). do-melom fleda búana . . . cen debaid. síd mór i taam conid de suidib nonn ainmnigther áes síde, LU 9998 - 9 (a play on the meanings of 1 síd and 2 síd, Thurn., KZ xxviii 154 ). tíagar úait . . . co siair do máthar co tucthar ní . . . de ascedaib síde duit úadi fairy gifts, TBFr. 16 . is de atá golgaire ban síde la áes cíuil Hérenn, 275 . lossa síde ┐ lubi ícci, TBC-LL¹ 2478 . a t[h]rī lennāin tshide .i. At ┐ Lann ┐ Lēna, ML² 1272 . siabradh sídhi for saor-c[h]lannuib ar n-eladhain-[n]e, 1602 . re hénuibh sídhi ac sianán, Acall. 799 . céol sirrechtach sídhi, 6565 v.l. a dhúsgadh cealg, a cheo shídhe, | a bhreo dearg an tíre thuaidh, DDána 110.51 . mná siabhartha síodha `phantom women of faery', TD 4.28 . tug Conchobhar an gcruit sídhe `the magic harp', 25.30 . an sluagh sidhe so i nEamhuin?, L. Cl. A. B. 94.1 . do bi companach sithe ag M. .i. ben tsithe do bi aige, L. Chl. S. 3 .

Later in a more general sense, wondrous, enchanting, charming, delightful : do ghlór síthe sáimh (to a woman), DDána 8.11 . a chruth sídhe `o wondrous form', TD 1.48 . fa chuan síthe na sruth mbalbh, 11.9 . macraidh shídhe an fhuinn Ultaigh, 28.23 . mairg fuair a siansán síthe (of certain charming women), Measgra D. 16.45 . le ceol-sheinm téadmhar sídhe, Keat. Poems 111 .

With síd: fri dord s.¤ na sam-guba, Metr. Dinds. iv 4.56 . do chuimhnigh damh a ndíaigh súain | a bfúair do ghlíadh bhur sagh sídh, IGT Decl. ex. 1268 ; cf. an saidh seing sídhe, ex. 1116 . ní budh sáoghlach ealchuing úaidh | cáomhdhach smúail do ṡeanchroinn ṡídh, ex. 816 . ar siansa sídh (a laudatory term), DDána 79.10 . a dhealbh shídh `gracious figure', TD 27.19 . clár Parthais na bport sídh `the wondrous (?) havens of Paradise', 29.32 . ní fuighthe i nEamhuin Abhlaigh | bean shídh . . ., 39.21 . a óigleanaibh shídh shochruidh, 1.25 .

II In pl. = áes síde supernatural beings, fairies: for tūaith Hérenn bái temel | tūatha adortais síde (sidi, idla, v.ll.), Thes. ii 317.4 ( Hy. II ) (or 'fairy-mounds (?)' Celtic Language, Celtic Culture 76 n. 6 ) (glossed: .i. sithaige noadratís). conid frisna taidbsib sin atberat na haneolaig síde ┐ áes síde, LU 4039 ( SCC 48 ). do-chuatar Túath Dé Danann i cnoccaib ┐ sídbrugib co ra accallset sída fo thalmain dóib, MU² 8 - 9 '; they dug the fairy-mounds underground for them (?)' Studia Celto-Slavica iii 282, 287-88 . See ad-claid. a shíodh sheang (to a woman), Keat. Poems 960 .

Compds. (it is not always possible to distinguish between compds. of 1 síd and 2 síd) ¤bárc: do chrannaibh seólta síothbhárc `of majestic ships', TD 24.36 . ¤binn fairy-sweet : nach canann ceól náid séise síthbhinne, TSh. 7798 . ¤Bóann fairy-haunted Boyne : ráth na síothBhóinne, DDána 109.14 . ¤brug a fairy mansion , fairy region MU2 101 : is dāna drech Doimīne | iter ōcu erigthi, | is a sīthbrug suidigthi | lēigthi duillén deilighthe , Corm. Y 488 . do chuatar tuath d. d. i cnoccaib ┐ sidbrugib cura accallset sída fo thalmain dóib, LL 261b33 . na luibhe ici ┐ legis dobertai a sigbrugaibh Erenn, TBC-LL¹ p. 517 n. 9 . sliab sin . . . ┐ sídbrugh ann, Acall. 5006 . glór nach saoilfidhe a síothbhrugh `a voice one would not think to hear in fairyland', Studies 1920, 99 § 10 . In a laudatory sense, of a human dwelling: an síothbhrugh slim cuanna cuir, TD 11.21 . Hence sídbrugach belonging to, or possessing, the fairy mansions : tri meic sída sídbrugaig, LL 205a36 . ¤búainmer: laoch na ngreagh síodhbhuainmhear seang, DDána 75.16 . ¤buide fairy-yellow (?) (or perh. sith long): mórfesser cornaire . . . co moṅgaib órdaib sídbudib, TBFr. 37 . ¤charae: ro smuainestar Cuchulainn a sidhchairdi ┐ a cumachtaib do tocht da chosnamh, TBC-LL¹ 3835 (Stowe) (a charuid síothbrógha, a ṡiothchairdibh, v.ll.). ¤chéol: chualadar síth-cheól, Oss. vi 28.2 . ¤chrob a fairy-like or delicate hand : síothchrobh meór rólag, Hackett xxi 47 . ¤Emain: gaol na druinge dar dú Sídheamhuin, L. Cl. A. B. 149.101 . ¤es(s): a fhéirmhín na sídheas sean, DDána 68.29 . ¤fhert a fairy grave-mound : os cech sithfert d'Erinn, Leb. Gab.(i) 176.6 . ¤less a fairy (or peaceful (?)) enclosure: i síothlios fhionn an Aodha-sa, DDána 70.11 . ¤macraid a fairy-like (because splendid) band of youths: gidh siodhmhacraidh sin, | ní sluagh sídhe acht ar fhaicsin, L. Cl. A. B. 95.25 . ¤mag fairy (or peaceful (?)) plain: cech airm i mbai sidmag selb, Rawl. 77b10 . re síothmhagh n-arsaidh nAlban, TD 24.17 . ¤marcach: síodhmharcach innill eich dhuibh, Content. xvii 10 n . ¤Mumu: ó sheanmhaigh shíothMhumhan, DDána 70.3 . ¤Róim: do dhíon na síothRómha `to defend stately Rome', TD 24.30 . ¤ruire: síodh-ruire brúaigh Bhreagh `wizard', Ériu ix 2.7 . ¤sheng: dot chneas shíthsheang `shapely of form', TD 2.19 . lucht síthsheang 'wondrously graceful people' Cín Chille Cúile 202 § 8 . ¤shlúag fairy host : iomdha fa chnoc gcríochruadh gCnodhbha | síothshluagh Samhna, 111.39 . ¤shoillse: múr síodhshoillse `of fairy light', O'Gr. Cat. 474.13 .

In adjj. derived from nouns: ¤bennach ` fairy-mounded ' ( Ir. Monthly 1927, 591 § 4 ): múr roidhil síthbheannach sliom, DDána 117.4 . ¤shercach attractive and lovable : re a ghné mbúidh síthshearcaigh séimh, DDána 79.22 .