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1 bé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bé or dil.ie/5502
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: Bée, béithe, beith, mbéithe

n n., later f. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 113 and Études Celt. xxv 123-24 . n s. b.¤ nAnand, Corm. Y 104. a mb.¤ , SR 5974. in b.¤ thondgel, LL 18500. g s. Bée, LL 27711. d s. do b.¤ , TFerbe 64 . Mod. g s. na b.¤ , Hackett xi 27 . d s. don bhéith ghlain, O'Rah. 154.5. n pl. béithe, ZCP v 229.26 (Midn. Court). g pl. beith, Ó Bruad. i 62.7 . mbéithe, ZCP v 226.10 (Midn. Court).

Woman: Brigit b.¤ bithmaith `ever excellent woman', Thes. ii 325.15 , glossed: ben ut dicitur b.¤ bind .i. ben find, 29 . bē nē[i]t (.i. badb) .i. bē ben ┐ nēt cath . . . Inde dicitur: `b. nét fort,', Corm. Y 168. Brigit bē n-ēxe . . . B.¤ bē legis, ┐ B. bē goibne (sic leg.) ingena in Dagda goddess, 150 . b.¤ find fors ṅdestatar deirgindlid áir (rhetoric), BDD² 306. be ḟind ḟota ḟoltlebor, IT i 69 § 4. a bē, ZCP viii 102.15 (B. na f., 557.17 ). a mb.¤ n-aill, LL 21147. b.¤ adbul Heriu, 1651 . do b.¤ thastil female messenger, TFerbe 64 . cain-be fial forssaid ḟindnar, SR 3700. co tucas-sa in mb.¤ sáir sláin / Aife, Ériu iv 154.26 . seimigud b immorro .i. a bhen, a bhan, a bhe binn, Auraic. 1275. b.¤ ebraice (bath `daughter'? ed.), mulier latine , O'Mulc. 130. `b.¤' ben, Metr. Gl. 18 § 52. b.¤ .i. bean, O'Cl.

In Laws and glossaries in designations of classes of women. b.¤ carna wanton, harlot : cia ben is mesa do mnáib? Ni hansa. B. chārna, ZCP viii 113.12 . be carna .i. meirdreach, O'Curry 2037 (H. 4.22, 58a). b.¤ charna .i. merdrech, ar dia ndech in ben co cuicir is b.¤ charna. fothad cairn .iiii. clocha, cloch fair is carnn iarum, O'Dav. 213 (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 108 ). b.¤ cétmuinterasa woman with standing of head of a household, chief wife (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 46.28 ): mad be cetmunterasa techta, comaith ┐ comceniuil, Laws ii 380.31 (= Stud. in E. Ir. Law 46 § 22 ). mad be cetmunterasa glossed: mad bean bus cetmuindter uais co dligthech, 382.4 Comm. b.¤ cuitgernsa `woman of condominium' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 218.18 ): ma co tir ┐ cetra ┐ intreb, ┐ mad comsair comtechta a cuma lanamnusa, ┐ is don ben sin asberar be cuitcernsa, ii 356.31 (= Stud. in E. Ir. Law 18.36 ). b.¤ n-imrama lit. wandering woman (a class of concubine) ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law, 64.25 , 96 f. ): nocon uil ni do do lamda . . . a be nimruma, uair ar a urail fein bis a chartach . . . ┐ nocon eadh bis . . . a be nimruma, Laws ii 400.15 Comm. be nimrama .i. meirdreach, O'Curry 2037 (H. 4.22, 58a). sechtmud do i n-a dormain ┐ i n-a be n-imruma, Laws v 72.4 Comm. b.¤ n-indlis `non-owned woman', see Ériu xii 74.18 . a atitin a primmna ┐ a fine ata cach ben dib sain aicce cenmotha in be nindlis; ┐ a aititin a fir ata saide, Laws ii 400.26 Comm. b.¤ loirge: direnar b.¤ luirge lándire `a distaff woman', O'Gr. Cat. 145.19 (Nero A vii, 153b9). Cf. dorenar be loirge landire .i. ben conaire in filed, glossing lorg `road', O'Dav. 1155. b.¤ loiste loinetha woman of the kneading-trough and churn-dash: direnar . . . lándire b.¤ loisde luineatha alaile, O'Gr. Cat. 145.19. b.¤ roethine woman cast up by the sea?: be roethine .i. roethine mara dode-cuirethar .i. mairchor- (leg. muirchorthae, ed.), Ir. Recht 8 § 8. b.¤ tacuir foundling woman: b.¤ tacair do-renur cuic setaibh, a tri dibh a mamaib eca (leg. ecalsa, ed.) no (leg. ┐, ed.) ina dó eile ó feinib (finib, v. l.), Ir. Recht 6 , 7 § 7 , see ZCP xix 347. b.¤ táide lit. woman of a secret relation, i.e. in an irregular association with a man (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 99 , 100 ): baidsech cach be taide, no cach ben deirge lann (cf. . . . deiraig a lanamnus, v 456.22), Laws iv 58.26 Comm. merdrech [ut est] baitsech cach b.¤ táidhe (thaidhe, v.l.) `every secret woman', O'Dav. 306. b.¤ togu woman (with power) of choice (variously interpreted in Laws Comm.): be togai .i. togu an (leg. and ? ed.) imm a inchaib a ceile fa isint (leg. asint, ed.) seilb techtus di-rether .i. bancomarba lasmbi fer for bantindchur. be thoga .i. tic di co aos togai, na (leg. .i. or [atá] 'na, ed.) tagai, .i. im co fer theis fa in ngaba chaille . . . who has the choice as to whether she will be paid according to the status of her husband or according to her possessions . . . who is of an age to choose whether she will marry or take the veil, Ir. Recht 8 § 9.

Common in later poetry woman, maiden : rádha róchaoin bheóilín bhinn na b.¤ , Hackett xi 27 . is baoth don fhear do scar le béith bhig óig, xxxiv 1 . míle beith ghléigeal `a thousand fair ladies bright', Ó Bruad. i 62.7 . G., leannán béithe `beloved of women', O'Rah. 148.21. do screadadar béithe, 150.27 .

In nn. pr.: Fróech . . . mac side do B.¤ Find a sídib, TBFr. 2 (as b.¤ was orig. neut. the name Bé Finn > Bé Bind, later also Bé Ḟind). Bebinn ingen (sic leg.) Turgeis, Caithr. CC 27. is ed ainm dobered Midir dí B.¤ Ḟind (i.e. Étaín), TE² 180 § 10. B. Néit wife of Néit (a goddess of war): bē nē[i]t (.i. badb), Corm. Y 168. B.¤ nēid .i. Nēid nomen uiri. B.¤ eius Nemon, a ben, 181 . in b.¤ néit . . . .i. Enio, siur Mairt .i. dei in chatha, TTebe 3247 . co festais ca drem . . . din ro samaigfed in B.¤ níth-gubach Néit a neirt-bhríga, MR 242.1 . Aingene ainm ind fir ┐ Bee n-Aingeni ainm na mna, RC x 224 § 17. Be Chuille ┐ Dianand . . . na dí bantuathig, LL 1352. Bé Tuinde, Dinds. 139 ( RC xvi 147 ). In n. loc. oidhre Leice Bébhionn Lickpevune (Co. Kerry), AFM v 1628.21 .

bél

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bél or dil.ie/5607
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: beoil, beóil, beolu, beula, beulu, belu, bélib, i mbeolu

n o, m. g s. beoil, Sg. 14a16 . n p. beóil, Wb. 7d9 . a p. beolu, Wb. 3b11 , beula (gl. ora), Ml. 19c9 . beulu, 35d22 . belu, Thes. ii 251. 16 . d p. bélib, Wb. 7d10 . b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 61.

I

(a) In some exx. explicitly lip , in pl. lips, but here usually mouth: don b.¤ gl. labio, Ir. Gl. 107. Gild. Lor. 139 § 40. tri beulu dlútai gl. fixis labris (17), Sg. 6a18 . ni radi ní trí thalmaidchi, amal dundchuirethar inna beulu as it rises to his lips (`as he takes it into his lips'), Ml. 35d22 . anasberaid hó bélib `what ye utter with (your) lips', Wb. 7d10 . anasbérat mo beiúil, 12d12 . (of a hag) tacmaicced a b.¤ íchtarach coa glún, LU 6828 (BDD). i socraidi labrait biuil (: Iúil), 3875 ( SCC 38 ). niamdai a beóil partardeirg (partuingdeirg, v.l.) her crimson lips, IT i 69.8 . ( LMU 4 ). co ṅditned a srona ┐ a beolu `so that it protected his nostrils and his lips' (but perh. transl. nose . . . mouth), CCath. 5265. folcuit a n-aighti uile lena mbélaib úachtair upper lips, Maund. 176. beoil lethna thick lips, Marco P. 187. cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh `sweet piping from her lips', Ériu iv 174.15 . maille siabhradh beóil ( = labium . . . pervertatur), 23 K 42 , 54.14 . do scoltad an croimbeoil ┐ in béil iocht[a]ir of chapping of the upper and lower lip, O'Gr. Cat. 191.z . baile .i. maith . . . digbail dubha baile bel .i. is maith í o belaib no i mbel `from lips or in mouth', O'Dav. 224. (in application of an incantation) imbir in da mér . . . it bélaib, Thes. ii 249.11 . doberar in salann i mbelu `the salt is put into the mouth', 251.16 . asoilgg a bēolu . . . combo ecna a [g]inchrāes, TBC-I¹ 396. (of a witch) a beóil for leith a cind her mouth in the side of her head, BDD² 540 . gebid dano cenn in tarra ina béolu, Sc.M² 17.6 . do-lleblaing int éicne ara chend, ┐ gabsus inna béulu took it in its mouth, TBFr. 209. an tan immoro no berid an leg laun ina beolu `when he used to put the ladle full into his mouth', RC xii 86 § 91. nicon acca beolu eich / amal beolu ín liathainigh, IT iii 68.2 . inbat budig do bēoil do shainól ┐ do shainait, MacCongl. 77.4 . secht traigid eter a ó ┐ a beolo . . . ┐ secht n-artim inna bélaib, Ériu iv 26.9 , 10 . acht nad neibre dod belaib nama `although thou hast not said so by word of mouth', Laws iv 108.1 Comm. cuit mo b.¤ (term of endearment), LL 18576.

(b) mouth in sg.: sróin súil b.¤ , Ardm. 434a marg. (220va). i cinaid do laime, do sula, do thengad, do beil, Laws i 156.32 . issin ṁb. tacras sin in the mouth that asserts that, MU² 369. laech . . . belmar . . ., meit a beil beolu eich, TBC-LL¹ 5400 n.4 . fuil rochuiread tara bel ┐ dara sroin, TTebe 2414 . beiris i n-a bheōl . . . ar lampa airgit seized a silver lamp in its mouth, Fl. Earls 138.1 . Note also: na beula gl. ora, the mouths (?), Ml. 19c9 . Fig. gá tarbha an béal do bheith lais / 's an intinn in-a éagmhais, Dán Dé xxii 20 . an b.¤ dúnta as eadh budh ḟearr better be silent, IGT Decl. ex. 1285. Prov. is binn beál ó bheith iadhta, Dánfhocail 55 . By metonymy person : cerd cach ṁb. .i. eladu cech duni do ḟoglaim ar dáig forcitail caich (`art for every mouth', RC xxvi 22 § 62 ), LL 24410. crochadh ar bh.¤ na bréige! `perdition (lit. a hanging) to him who tells the lie' (Gloss.), LBranach 1072 . b.¤ na psalm (nickname of St. Fintan), Mart. Don. Mar. 27. Grigoir Béil óir `Gregory the golden-mouthed', BNnÉ 172 § 16 .

(c) In phrases: derg-mír i mbélaib lit. red (raw) morsel in (the) mouth apparently of property illegally acquired or attached: atait tri deirg-mireanda naidet usa a mbelaib cacha hecalsa (glossed: is indligthech do'n eclais a ngabail cuichi o belaib, 432.3 Comm. ), Laws v 430.22. at-ballat, ¤bailet (a) béoil with poss. or foll. subj. gen., see at-bail(l): co n-aplat a beoil i mmbron (leg. mbrōn ?) ┐ toirrsi `they perish', Ériu ii 114 § 38. Note also: bás fort béolu, Fing. R. 72 `death on your head!' RC xiii 378.11 .

(d) Of the mouth as the source of speech: iss ed bói i mbēlaib cáich this was the common talk, ZCP viii 317.26 . go rabhadar na lán béil ┐ buanteanga ag gach aon that they were a continual subject of conversation to everyone, RC xiv 28 § 6. lán beóil don ríoghfhuil Bhranoigh, LBranach 3581 . budh lán beoil an Brianachsoin, Studies 1925, 253 § 6 .

By extension word(s) ; subject of talk : fer na ropeccaig o bel na o gnim `in word or deed', Ériu v 20.2 . idna beoil integrity of speech, LL 3901. roiarfaided o Fiachroig Muillethan . . . dia belaib his advice was asked by F., ZCP xiv 156.14 . gurab mó do theagascdaois . . . ó theagasc beoil ioná ó scríbhinn by traditional instruction, Keat. ii 976. (explanation of the name of Eogan B.) b.¤ cach tuaithi ina thimchell `the mouth [i.e. the acclamation] of every country round about', SG 64.z . b.¤ cach flatha ina lenub / ar ó Fiachrach foltlebur, 65.2 . In phr. breth a b.¤ féin self-judgment, -doom: atetha breth do b.¤ (sic leg.) féin duit, RC xiv 430.8 . co tucsat Gaill breth a beoil fein d'O Neill, AU ii 270.8 . In adv. phrase ó óen-b.¤ unanimously: o aen bel, PH 7233. dh'aoinbheul, Luc. Fid. 2856. Legal. cor b.¤ , see 1 cor 12.

II Applied to various things resembling lips or mouth .

(a) edge, rim ; mouth of cavity, orifice, opening : b.¤ gaili, a mbél an gaile ( = orificium stomachi), RSláinte 3698. do fínégra ar b.¤ an gaile `on the pit of the stomach', O'Gr. Cat. 193.25 . b.¤ cridi (used as term of endearment): a bél mo chraidi, ACL iii 243 § 24. edge, opening of wounds: bador beoil na ccneth ag claoi a cheile, ZCP x 292.9 . a lomma cro ic teprisin dar belaib na n-alad batar fair, Grail 685 . rucc b.¤ na cneidhe chum a chéile ┐ ticc sele fuirre, ITS xvi 42.13 . Other applications: co fil āit a beōil isin c[h]loich fóss ann `the mark of its rim (i.e. of a bell) is still there in the stone', BColm. 64.9 . sileadh deór rúadh ar ruisgne / mur uisge a beól (mbéol v.l.) úar eisci like water out of a vessel (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1081. mé is b.¤ na cróine ar mo chind, ex. 81 . lase foruillecta beóil in chalich di mil, Wb. 7d9 . īadais indala sūil . . . asoilg alaile comba mor bēolu fidchōich as large as the orifice of a wooden bowl (?), TBC-I¹ 395. b.¤ dabcha ele 'na b.-si anúas (of one vat turned over another), BColm. 72.6 . (of a bag for chess-men) a ferbolc, is amra sceúil / de ór imdernta a beúil opening (`rim'), Fianaig. 14.22 . go bhfuilti claoidthe . . . a mbeul an tsaic (of opponents silenced in controversy), Luc. Fid. 4127. béil a ngunnadh `the muzzles of their guns', Rel. Celt. ii 194.11 . (of prongs of pincers) do briseadh teanncuir an ghobhann, ┐ an t-īarann dearg 'na beal `with the red-hot iron in its jaws', ZCP ii 562.30 . beola crot ┐ bolg ┐ buinne `mouths of harps and bags and pipes', RC xii 108 § 163. the eye of the upper millstone (Studies on Early Ireland 16 ) : iss e sin doberimsi a mbel in muilinn si, RC xiv 52 § 62. upper of shoe: bróg tar teach do teilgeadh leam . . . nar bhean tall a b.¤ fa a bonn `a shoe whose upper was detached from its sole was thrown at me' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 2.z.

(b) Further extended applications: mén mara .i. bel na mara, O'Cl. ( mēn .i. bēl, Corm. Y 948 ). fri beolu mara, Trip.² 1581 ( = in sinu maris, Lat. Lives 33 § 25 ). dá thraigid .x. lethet a b.¤ the width of its opening (an earthwork), Críth G. 571. (of Tara) deis fri Banba, b.¤ fri Bóin `her front towards the Boyne', Ériu iv 92 § 3. tir cen beula without entry, Corm. Y 674 ( Corm. 22 ). tir cin toin cin beolu bis itir da ferunn cin conair `ingress', Laws iv 158.14 Comm. cuiris comla dar a b.¤ (a well), Metr. Dinds. iii 326.19 . triall istech tar beolu na hecuilsi `threshold of the church', Marco P. 173. léigthear suas beoil na bruighne `portcullis', Aithd. D. 3.19 . siar go b.¤ na sráide `the entrance of the street', AFM ii 900.2. Of gunwale of a ship: chuir iad am beòil mhòr re chèile, SGS xviii 107.1 .

III In phrases with prepp.

(a) prepositional. With A: crithre sin a beól (mb. v.l.) bhruithne sparks from boiling heat (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1296.

With AR (FOR): huare romboi ar belaib tempuil `in front of the Temple', Ml. 48d8 . ar beolu diabuil `before the Devil', Wb. 3b11 . gontai Cūchulaind, co tabrad a marb ara (ar, LU) bēolu a brāthar, TBC-I¹ 1637. ar belaib ind ríg ( = in conspectu regis), Lat. Lives 10.8 . arbelaib (.i. a fiadnaise) fer nErenn, ACL iii 14 § 31. finta cia as toisech fodla ┐ ar a ndentar bélaib `before whom it is made', RC xiii 446 § 26. cathair . . . for bel ḟasaigh dhimhoir `at the edge of a great desert', Marco P. 20. dán bog ar bh.¤ na slighiodh `on the open road', Studies 1918, 617 § 5 .

Freq. of replacing in kingship, headship, etc. one who had the normal claim, before, in preference to, in place of : rogab F. righe ara belaib, RC xvii 233.32 (Tig.). gabais C. flaith ar belaib a athar, Ériu iii 142.4 . an crioch do ghabail for a belaibh `to snatch . . . the country away from him', Leb. Gab.(i) 226.5 . mar tugadh ceannas na slógh / ar bhéal Éibhir d'Éireamhón `to Ê. rather than to Ê.', Content. xvi 33. With verbs of coming, etc. do-tét indḟine ar beolu de(i)rbḟine `the ` indḟine' comes in front of (i.e. is preferred to) the `derbḟine', Ériu xvii 64 § 3 ( Laws iv 206.7 ). D. . . . do beith ag dol ar bélaibh a athar `attempted to depose', AFM vi 1891.1 . an tánaiste do theacht ar beulaibh mic tighearna an fhuinn `that the tanist takes precedence of', Keat. i 66.6 . dul fora mbelaibhsiomh `to anticipate them', Hugh Roe² 172.2 .

With FRI (RE) before, at, close to; on the point of : fri beolu báis on the point of death, Fél. 74.19 . cen bith ria mbeolu oc airiuc thuili dóib not to be close to them, Fing. R. 432. ag so anois an bás rem bhéal close to me, Dánta Gr. 63.15 . re béal a theachta don toigh `before its reception' (of the Blessed Eucharist), Dán Dé xviii 2 . cosg fiabhrasa re b.¤ mbáis, Studies 1919, 613 § 12 .

With I N- i mbeolu, i mbeól, i mb.¤ before : in bo boi 'na beola sin `that was in front of her', Dinds. 142.10 . a mbeol an dunaidh `in front of the fort', BNnÉ 187 § 27 . do-chífe bárc a mbeól chúain `in the harbour's mouth', Ériu ix 168 § 46. towards, to : do-bhir im béal teachtaire `He sends a messenger to fetch me', Aithd. D. 83.3 . sgath dealg 'na beol muna bheath `had not the thorn-points been in the way', 95.20 . over, across : seolais iarsin Brenainn . . . i mbéolu (a mbhél, v.l. , = for beluibh, Lism. L. 3590 ) in aiccéin iongantaigh, BNnÉ 97 § 5. Note also: ro herbad da oclach lais da chur i mbeolu na tuinne to cast it (an infant) upon the sea (?), LL 14623 ( ZCP xii 273.17 ). do chur a mb.¤ mara ┐ mor-fhairrge set adrift on the open sea, KMMisc. 313.13 . a mbēl na h-oibre at the beginning, ML² 1.15 . i mbeol airechtais at the very beginning of sovereignty (?), Ann. Conn. 1410.2 . ni ḟuil amuigh gidh seól síth / crích nach fuil a mbeól a bláith, IGT Decl. ex. 992 . i mbéal a tharbha do thoigheacht, Aithd. D. 25.4 .

With TAR: tar béolu out of : adre amach dar beolu in duin, Marco P. 23.

(b) Adverbial. With FOR (always with possessive) on the face, face downwards : for a mbeulu gl. prone, Ml. 131b6 . tairniud form béolu bend face downwards, LL 36766 = Goid. 180.10 = Fél.² cv 8. an corp bis ina rogad ar in talmain for a beolu, RC xv 491 § 31. tolduid iarum taurtaim fair fora beolu `a trance fell upon him, as he lay on his face', Mon. Tall. 155.15 . (of a collapsing house) amal ro clóenad a thech conda tarla for a lethbeólu uli, LU 8382 ( FB 25 ). (of a cup) rohimpa iarum Patraic in copan fora beolu upside down (?), Anecd. iii 35.9 . b.¤ ar b.¤ , ó bé(o)l go b.¤ face to face : truagh gan sinne bel ar bel, TTebe xv 7 (scribe's note). (of a bird-decoration) ealta 's a mbeoil béal ar bhéal, Aithd. D. 9.7 . ag labhairt libh beul ar bheul (os ad os, 3 Joh. 14 ), Eochairsg. 15.30 . go labradh se riss ó b.¤ go b.¤ `face to face', ZCP xi 118.2 ( BCC 236 ). meic ollamhan Innsi Fáil / . . . / god choimhreic ó bheól go b.¤ `repeating thee from mouth to mouth' (i.e. the contents of a manuscript Gaelic Miscellany), Studies 1919, 440 § 12 . adeirid o bheol go beul they say so currently, Luc. Fid. 4088.

With IAR N- iar mbélaib (contrasted with iar cúlaib): i ngilfine iar mbelaib, amuil atá athair ┐ mac ┐ ua ┐ iarmua ┐ innua co cuicer; ┐ geilfini iar culaib .i. brathair thathar, ┐ mac co cuicer beos `in the direct line', Laws ii 160.z Comm.

(c) In fig. phrase do-ní a b.¤ re turns to, seeks help from : do-ghén . . . mo bh.¤ ré seabhcaibh Saxan `I will turn my face to', Studies 1924, 242 § 11 .

Note also: muna thí dhíom bas rem béal unless I can keep a guard on my lips, Dán Dé ix 4 . a-tá 'gan chol bas rem béal `raises its hand against me', xxiii 31 . In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom.

Compds. With nouns. ¤braise: feib atféd mo bhélbraisi `eloquence', Leb. Cert.² 164 § 9. ¤ deirge : beildeirge redness of lips, Prolegomena 43 § 26 . ¤étan: (of a charioteer) dara béletan mouth and forehead (?), LL 24905. ¤mod manner of speaking (?): caistidh ria bēlmod, ACL iii 307 § 28 ( Measgra Uí Chl. 153 ). ¤proicept traditional teaching, tradition : bēalphroceapta nó teagusg bheōil na n-absttal, Mac Aingil 5949 . béulphroicheapta asbaltha ┐ eagalsa, Desid. 4942. With vnn. ¤chengal: ar mbélcengal a mbeochréchtadh when their fresh wounds had been sewn up, Caithr. Thoirdh. 124.7 . ¤tuidme: fiacuil .i. fia figo . . . fiacuil didiu bēl-t. fastening for the mouth, O'Mulc. 507.

With adjj. ¤balb: do piastaibh bel-balba `dumb-mouthed', Ériu iii 164 § 20. ¤binn: longphort . . . bíthe bēilbhinn melodious (?), Butler Poems 556 and n. ¤blasta of excellent sound : (of `Gaedelg,' the language) in berla b.¤ bind, LL 17716. B. blaith belblasta well-spoken (of a hand-maid), BB 237a2 . ¤buide yellow-lipped : (of a famine-stricken appearance) ina n-ímágib b.¤ nochtḟiaclacha, LB 154b61 . In n. pr.: Eochaid Bēlbuidi, ZCP viii 274.1 . ¤chamm crooked-mouthed : la hUnchi mbrúachda mb.¤(-mall, v.l.), Metr. Dinds. iii 98.6 . ¤cherr: in senBodb Barchi b.¤ `wry-mouthed', Metr. Dinds. iv 338.20 . ¤chert: mo dhaltán búilid béilchert `right-spoken', SG 190.7 . ¤chorcra crimson, red-lipped : belchorcra banamla detgela, TTebe 730 . ¤chráibhthech hypocritical : Content. vi 270. ¤chumang narrow-mouthed, having a narrow opening, entry : a crocan (leg. corcán ?) belchumang narrow-necked, Lia Fáil iii 122.20 ( 23 P 10 ³, 11b7 ). ar na bernadhaibh bélchumhgaibh, AFM v 164.22 . ¤derg red-lipped, red-mouthed (in good and bad sense): buriud berna Baidbi béldergi, LL 10872 ( = TBC-LL¹ 4024 ). na brithemain bēilderga `red-mouthed brehons' ( = severe in judgement ?), Ériu iii 30 § 7. cáinead in barrchais béilderg `the curly-headed red-lipped fellow', iv 216.20 . F. file m. Oengusa Bēlde[i]rg, ZCP viii 326.1 . ¤dub black-mouthed : comairge b.¤ becenech `a black-mouthed guarantor of small honour', Tec. Corm. § 33.2 . a curaig blaithe belduba `black-prowed', Ériu viii 10.36 . sgéala libh go báirc mbéalduibh `tidings to your black-decked barque', RC xlix 173 § 32. ¤ḟairsi(u)ng wide-mouthed, having a wide entrance : .l. bléide buabaill belḟairsiuṅg, LL 7292. ro cóirged bruidin brotla bélfairsing `wide-doored', Fianaig. 70.31 . ¤ḟota long-lipped : D. b.¤ , LL 354c64 . a mbíala belfhoda `wide-edged', Hugh Roe² 174.24 . ¤ginach: na trī badhbha bēl-ginacha three witches with gaping mouths, ML² 1585. ¤glicc: mo bhreath bheilghlic gan bhine `my skilled oral judgement', Keat. ii 1287. ¤lethan broad-doored : ós bruidin béllethoin, SG 230.24 . ¤lúath hasty of speech : 'ná bheith baoth beul-luath aig teagasg cách, De Imit. 13.24 . ¤maith: C. b.¤ `C. Fair-lips', Metr. Dinds. iii 324.11 . ¤mall slow of speech : la hU. mbruachdha mbelmhall, BB 365b37 . ¤remor thick-lipped, big-mouthed : belremur bolcsuilech, LU 8516 ( FB 37 ). badhbh béil-reamhar, TSh. 6623. ¤ṡalach foul-mouthed : Badb birach belsalach, RC xxiv 52.1 . ¤scaílte wide open; split open ; scattered : i mbrudin bronnḟarsing bélscailti, RC xiv 414 § 28. ina mbuidhnib bega bélsgāilte, Fianaig. 54.4 . (of a cast-up ship) go ndéantar blogha béal-sgaoilte dhi, TSh. 735. ¤tais with soft, moist lips : an chuideachta chuanna bhuadhach bheóltais (of fair women), Hackett xxvi 57 . ¤tana: go mbiailibh blathsnaoighte b.¤ `thin-edged battle-axes', AFM vi 2126.25 . ¤tirim: bérla breganta beoiltirm (spoken) with a dry mouth, O'Gr. Cat. 518.30. ¤trúag: na bid fri baisi ṁbeltrúaig poor-mouthed (?), SR 3890.

See béillic, bélaites, bélscál, bélscálán, bélscáth.

cáech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáech or dil.ie/7571
Last Revised: 2013

 

adj I o, ā

(a) blind in one eye: caech gl. luscus, Sg. 24b1 . sí c.¤ losc oc blégon bó triphne, LU 6248 (TBC). As a pn sobriquet: Ingcél Caech, BDD² 221 . for Congal (sic leg.) caech, Laws iv 178.13 . Alaxander maic Pilib caeich, ZCP vi 88.13 (note p. 164). mic Airmeadhaigh Chaoich, Keat. iii 2414 . Also with túath-, see 2 túath-, and leth-. In more general sense purblind, dimsighted : cāech a ceco, quasi cāech .i. ōn dailli, Corm. Y 218 . O'Mulc. 196 . a bel cailligi caiche, IT iii 103 § 200 . bíonn an fhearg caoch ionnas nách leigion sí do dhuine na neithe bhíos ro-sholus d'fhaicsin, Párl. na mB. 1379 . móel cáich (n. pr.), Thes. ii 251.15 . Of an animal: intan roba chaech . . . in sét, O'D. 1629 (H 5. 15, 16).

(b) Extended applications. Of seed, nuts , etc. empty : cnoi caecha, LL 13579 . is cutal caille .i. cnú cāech nó dule feda, O'Mulc. 757 . amhail bhīos cnū caoch ar choll, ZCP x 51.12 . acht cná caocha dá ngoirthear / cnuas na gcrann neimh-fhis . . . / tré nach faghar uatha iar sgéith / toradh acht ainbhios uile, Content. xvi 85 . cruithneacht chaoch, TSh. 4653 . is cnú chaech nad bí ammáin … cách na déni toil in Ríg 'he is an empty nut whose nutriment does not exist … everyone who does not do the will of the King' LL v 36780 , Stud. Hib. xix 33 . In sense of defective metrically, see caíche and IGT Metr. Faults §§ 108 - 115 .

II As subst. person blind in one eye: di chaich, di daill, Laws i 124.z . di ch.¤ .i. bec de rusc aice. di d. .i. in ben lan dall, 140.33 Comm. bacach ┐ c.¤ ┐ clam, Vita Br. 38 . fer ro chunnig a oenṡúil ón chaech, LL 13294 ( RC viii 48 ). ? sescbaid cade sund in cæch / forsa torchair Congal cloth, Ériu v 240.142 . c.¤ láibe mole(?): 's an chliar go cleasach le cealgaibh bláithe / aca dá gcaochadh ina gcaoch láibe, Hackett² xliii 172 .

Compds. re tecmaisin ... caechadbaidh (sic), no dluigisidhe isin niubhar, O'Curry 1863 ( 23 P 3, 20a ). caechadh buighi . . . ┐ dlusaighi do lestraibh, 1103 ( H 3.18, 447b ). caochad baidhe ┐ dluthsighi .i. deirge dhe do lestraibh, O'D. 803 ( H 3.17, 576 ). Cf. 1 odbach? a chaech[ḟ]oguir ┐ chomraid rig nime (of Mary) hidden, veiled, mysterious , YBL 163b35 . cna cáochmhogail, O'R. Poems 220 . archangilica urtica mortua .i. caochnendog, ACL i 330 § 2 . an chaochruadh (of a woman), DDána 120.22 .

cáer

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáer or dil.ie/7644
Last Revised: 2019

 

n ā, f. globular mass in a variety of applications. Cf. cúar.

(a) berry : caer gl. baccar, Sg. 126a1 . cc.¤ gl. bacca, 22b7 . Études Celt. xi 116 . it áildi limm a cháera (of the rowan-tree), TBFr. 215 . oc ithe ch.¤ in chraind. Cáera móra, LU 1358 . batír é a ṡercla . . . caera glassa, LL 13578 . cóera na fíne, Ériu ii 192 § 3 . uva .i. c.¤ fínemnach, Ir. Gl. 267 . cáora fíadháin = wild grapes, Isaiah v 2 . triopal cáor, tarpain `a cluster of grapes', Eg. Gl. 598 . caera pinne `gooseberries', Auraic. 5609 . dobiur lim cóer ndeirg do ibur, Ériu iv 134.4 . a eo . . . na gcaor ndearg, DDána 2.5 . caera eighinn na crand, RC ix 231.2 . baccae ederae . . . .i. caora eidinn, ACL iii 330 § 3 . mora celsis [Morus celsus] [.i.] caoru an midhoighi, 328 § 99 . butalmon ┐ oculus bouis .i. caera ferghona .i. maelan mulca, 335 § 69 . c.¤ con fruit of dogwood or wild cornel: tar éis iad do bheith dearg / is searbh blas na gcaor gcon, Dánfhocail 74 (c.¤ con dogberry bush, O'R. Poems ). níor fhás giodh achd cáora con, Bard. Synt. Tr. 30.37 . deirge na ccaor ccon, Mackinnon Cat. 223.33 . In phrase caer ar geimiun (of a vain effort, here applied to a warrior), MR 124.14 (see gemen). Fig. fá chaor a hóis phóigmhilis (of lips), Hackett² li 41 .

(b) drop (of various liquids): mionn sleidhe dá sileid caora, O'Hara 4183 . ni tanic cáor fhola a corp cechtair dib, Celt. Rev. iv 120.17 . Of foam: géis gairbheasa chaor mbán, Measgra D. 5.19 .

(c) mass of cast metal (non-ferrous); a red-hot mass of slag and metal, a forged ingot (usually iron) Ériu xxxii 153 : in tiarann ina caeraib, ┐ in tuma ina thinnib, Laws i 188.35 Comm. cáor íaraind cech gabann (in a list of dues), BColm. 50.10 . da cáeir d'iarann aithlegtha, BNnÉ 72 § 125 . caera ┐ tinnedha oir, Marco P. 105 . ni bendais uird do chǽir déirg (sic MS.) a mbendais a beoil do thenid, Thr. Ir. Gl. 36.31 . colltar iarainn do chur san teallach go ndearna caoir dhearg dhe, Keat. ii 4583 . tugus chaoir go bhfailigh n-óir `a ball with a golden ring' (some type of ornament), KMMisc. 364.6 . fuighleach caoire ar gceardchainne (of Christ), Dán Dé vi 37 . biaidh dearna an deilg mhaoil / na caoir deirg, A. Ó Dálaigh v 9 . an mhéd nár theilg grían dá gáoibh / na cáoir dheirg a-níar um nóin, IGT Decl. ex. 705 . caor do mhianach Ádhaimh í (of Mary), Dán Dé x 14 . 'na chaoir chruthghlain (of a brilliant student), Measgra D. 62.11 . an ghroidh / 's in chaor bhuada `the precious jewel', O'Gr. Cat. 435.28 . Fig. ēnchaor bhūadha an bhanntrachta (of Mary), ZCP xii 382.9 . a chaor bhuaidh (of a hero), O'Hara 2949 .

(d) nucleus, compact mass. Usually with defining gen. c.¤ cliss play-ball, missile ball : facheird chaer cliss ar chonair, Metr. Dinds. iii 94.19 = foceírd caer clis as a tabhaill, BB 365a36 ( Dinds. 26 ). c.¤ comraic, described as a ball of varied colours with convergent lines used as missile: tréde neimthigedar cerdai : fige ronn, caer comraic, plett for faebur, Triads 121 .i. raed cruinn go ccomhtharrachtain d'iomat dath ann, p. 39 . is e tra in cochall oifrind in choer cómraic i ḟilet .uííí. ndatha examlai brises ┐ sráines ilchatha for aslach ṅdiabail, LB 108b20 . tugad do Lugdaig don lāech / in chāer comraig nār lānmāeth, ZCP v 504 § 5 . See táthluib. fo indamail caoire comhraic, Aisl. Tond. 131 § 3 . caor chomruig an láoich ō Líatruim / bronntair mar cháeir cárthaind, IGT Decl. ex. 416 . ag síol Aodha na gcaor gcomhraic, Hackett xxvi 122 . Fig. in chaer comraic ro hecradh . . . o danuibh ecsamla (of Colum Cille), Lism. L. 737 . Of troops: acht na robat isin cháir chomraic i taat compact body, LU 4655 ( TBC-I¹ 193 ). na ccaoir comraic dā mbeitis, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. v (1919) 93 § 35 . at-chíu . . . caera creithir comraicthi, BDD² 1028 . See ZCP xxiii 311 . With other qualifiers: corb ēigin do Guaire āenc[h]āer mōr termaind do dēnam dā muintir, CCellaig² 57.883 . ina g-caeir shluaigh shéanta, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 364.1 . ro bhattar . . . ina ccaoír bhodhbha, AFM v 1428.6 . badar . . . 'na cipi catha ┐ na cair comdlutha, CCath. 2782 . tāngadar . . . ina gcaoir chomhloinn, Ériu viii 138.1 . dream nach ónna i gcaoir chathaigh, Content. xxix 15 . ro chuirset . . . techta co C. dia innsin dó an chaor chondailbe ┐ chomaonta dorōnsat Connachtaigh ina n-aghidh close alliance, ZCP xiv 246.10 . docúaidh báidhe mor ┐ caer condailbhi . . . dhoibh, CCath. 618 . a chaor connailbhe `his great love', Dán Dé xiv 11 . caor charad ar aontail iad, DDána 34.1 . an chaor charud nó an compán, O'Hara 3020 . 'gan chaoir shuadh, Studies 1925, 404 § 7 . caor Dhanar, Magauran 1599 . dona an chaor nach beódha buan, Hackett xlii 144 ( Keat. Poems 1332 ). Cf. cǽr .i. imad, RC xvi 67.6 . c.¤ .i. comthinól ┐ deismirecht air caeraigecht, H 3.18 650a15 .

(e) c.¤ thened, theintide meteor, thunderbolt : saignena . . . ┐ caera teintidhe, CCath. 4324 . gur loisc caér thenedh Dáthí, Cóir Anm. 146 (elsewhere descr. as saighnen t.). cloicthech T. . . . do dluighi do chair theinedh (sic leg.), AU ii 106.1 . ro-ergetar na caera tened ┐ na sóignena as in aeor, PH 7263 . ra ruamnaigsetar a rruisc ina cendaib dóib immar chaera tenda tentide, LL 12370 . caer thened hí sinn aidche (of a hound), 29344 . ionnamhail chaoire moire tenedh, AFM iii 10.3 . Of missiles: for diúbhraccadh a n-ubhaill mhealluaidhe ┐ a ttrom chaor tteinntidhe forra fireballs , AFM vi 1982.6 . acc diubraccadh an bhaile do chaeraibh tromaibh . . . teinntidhi a gonnadhaibh, 2028.6 . occ imthealgadh . . . a ccaor ttaidhlech tteintidhe, Hugh Roe² 64.20 (fo. 17b). in caer Muighe Raigne, Laws v 434.12 Comm. (prob. of fire-ball of Mog Ruith who pursued Cormac's druids to Mag Raigne ( Forbais Droma Damhghaire, RC xliii 108 ff. ), p. 435 n.). dealbhaid . . . caoire ris nach gabhdaois airm, Content. v 176 . na caera teinedh do theilgedh fútha, ní gabhadh arm . . . riú, CF² 1013 . Hence spark, flame etc. : co-cáeruib troma . . . teinntidhi, RC xxiv 377.20 . caora ┐ casracha (of fireworks), Fl. Earls 188.7 . caer .i. coindell, Ériu xiii 75 § 187 . caor .i. cainneal, Metr. Gl. 17 § 44 . Fig. amal chāir / ráith a orddan, Hail Brigit 12 . gur las fiann Uladh ga fían / . . . / caor ilreachta chorcra chóir (of 1641 rebellion), Hackett² xxxii 47 .

Compds. With nouns: aoil-lí do chaoirghrís . . . 'na gruaidh, Hackett² ii 8 . ar caorlasadh `flaming', ZCP iv 424.5 . tig caor-lasadh a's tóirneach ós árd, Hard. ii 252.15 . og fraisdiubhrugadh a ccaoirmheall . . . tteintidhe, Hugh Roe² 152.12 (fo. 39a) . caorshoignén . . . lúaidhe, 228.32 (fo. 58a) . fá ghrís . . . gcaorshoighnén gceth `boltfraught lightnings', O'Gr. Cat. 451.11 . i gcalm nó i gcaoirspéirling thunderstorm , Ó Bruad. iii 18.16 . With adjj.: dhá ghruadh . . . chaordhearga, Oss. iii 50.14 . As n. pr. RC xiv 26 § 2 . a a ghnúis chaoirghel `berry-red and white', O'Gr. Cat. 540.2 .

corcrán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. corcrán or dil.ie/12457

 

n [o, m.] (corcra): ba deirge iná c.¤ caille, SG 243.27 ` scarlet berry ', Contribb. 489 . As n. pr. Corcran clerech, LL 3155 .

cródeirge

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cródeirge or dil.ie/13067

 

n [, f.] (croderg): fri C. co cró-deirge `blood-red of hue', Metr. Dinds. iii 350.46 .

deirge

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deirge or dil.ie/15256

 

x see derge.

déirge

Cite this: eDIL s.v. déirge or dil.ie/15257

 

Forms: nephdéirge

io, n. vn. of 1 do-érig. Cf. nephdéirge, Sg. 209b26 . forsaking, quitting, desertion, abandonment: á ndǽrge desertio, Ml. 111b3 . mu dǽrgi destitutionis meae, 118b15 . deirge carat, LL 371a13 . Gaill do dergiu Erenn, AU 917 . is é bás in chuirp a dérge ond anmain its desertion by the soul, RC xxv 250 . ro fhorchongair for a mhiledhaibh déirghe na deabhtha, AFM vi 2254 . déirghe .i. fágbháil, O'Cl. Absol. longas Línne du dergiu the fleet of L. withdrew, AU 926 . co a ndibad no a ndeirge o fine till they die out or leave the tribe, Laws iv 44 Comm. a nderghe dind loch, AU 923 . urradhus gin derge .i. gin deirge as no cin dul do as a thir féin, O'D. 573 ( H 3.17 442 ). ? indleas gach tindsgra fri derge dligid o reachtaib comamsa, O'Curry 1862 ( 23 P 3, 20 a ). Cf. O'Dav. 540 .

stripping: ? caochadh baidhe ┐ dluthsighi .i. deirge dhe do lestraib, O'D. 803 ( H 3.17 576 ) (passage on radical defects, `galair bunaid' in vessels). déirghe .i. dérach no nochtadh, O'Cl. See 2 dérach, 2 dérgud, derged.

derg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. derg or dil.ie/15626
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: derc, derg, deirg, derg, d.

adj o, ā.

(a) Of colour, red, ruddy (used of colour of blood, flame; also of orange or tawny hue as of ale, gold, etc.): d.¤ gl. luteus, Sg. 49a3 , gl. lutea, 7 . derc gl. rufus, 37a5 . flann gach nd.¤ , ZCP ix 167.z . tene d.¤ , SR 8294 . dobiur lim cóer ndeirg do ibur, Ériu iv 134.4 . folt d.¤ lais, LB 181a11 . fil lenid ndeirg . . . immi, TBC-I¹ 61 . braena fola derge, Todd Nenn. 206.7 . suile derga eyes red with weeping, PH 584 . Cf. A. Ó Dálaigh viii 10 : bríogh a guidhe 's a déar ndearg `her blood-red tears' (= ardent ). Of animals: ech d.¤ , LU 8630 ( FB 47 ). hirricht bó deirgi, Ériu iii 141.2 . guth gadhair dheirg, Duan. F. i 83.28 . mor ndamh ndearg (of stags), ib. mucca derga, Metr. Dinds. iii 150.14 . Of liquors: lind d.¤ .i. flaith d.¤ red ale, Thes. ii 337 ( Hy. v 38Comm.). um chomhól ndeoch ndearg, TD 20.55 . Cf. derglaith. Of gold: di or d.¤ , SR 529 . dind ór d.¤ , 4150 . d'ór dhearg, TD 17.36 . Of earth or clay turned up, dug up: reilge derga (portent of the end of the world), ZCP viii 196 § 18 . do-chífe dearg druim tar ais | . . . | gach leath dot ghormfhaithche ghloin, | ó chomhghraifne each, Studies 1922, 411 § 11 . Cf. don taobh thiar thuaidh d'Eirinn dheirg, Atlantis iv 122.z . do cherdaib in domnáin deirg `the vile rude world's estates', SG 51.y . Hence of persons, of ruddy complexion or red-haired: oclach . . . d.¤ = iuvenis rubicundus, PH 7030 . ben d.¤ cona dib braaib dercaib, IT ii2 242.17 . red ghnúis ndeirg, TD 3.19 . Equative: deirgither losa liac, TTebe 479 . dergithir re corcair, Acall. 6636 v.l. brecdergithir síon spotted with crimson like a foxglove, BDD § 97 . Compar. nir bo dírga grís inna ind aiged (sic leg.), IT iii 298 § 34 (Cóir Anm.). As subst.: scripthar int psailm tria dub ┐ in tituil tria derg in red (ink or pigment), Hib. Min. 244 . derg g s. deirg, d s. derg, IGT Decl. § 15 . dearg a grúaidh the red of his cheek, ex. 1240 .

(b) Transf. red with blood; bloody, sanguinary: imatuarcat doib combo d.¤ cach dib di arailiu till each was red with the other's blood, YBL 118b17 . fuidel fir deircc di duinib of one red with (the blood of) men, Ériu vii 150 § 17 . atre in rí . . . cona chroich deirg . . . fria aiss, SR 8269 . red-handed (i.e. a shedder of blood): náma ┐ esgcara láime deirge do, SG 268.33 . atú mar láimh ndeirg ag Dia God looks upon me as His foe, Dán Dé ii 30 . claidebderg red-sworded , Metr. Dinds. iii 340.38 . Of a criminal: dul dá guin eisi (i.e. asin chill) no taidhecht d.¤ indti red-handed , O'Curry 985 ( H 3.18 424b ). Hence of meat bleeding, raw, fleshy (as oppd. to fat): d.¤ cach n-om, Laws v 432.2 Comm. dergcarna ┐ saill, ii 202.19 . da mer dia d.¤ `two fingers in the lean of it', 254.11 .

(c) red-hot, incandescent: iarnn d.¤ = candens ferrum, Lat. Lives 96.1 . cloch d.¤ a ndabhaigh fhuair, 3 C 12, 6.13 . lecca derca fo chossaib (of hell), RC iv 252 . co slabradu derga . . . tentigi, PH 8309 .

(d) In fig. sense, full-blooded, flushed with pride, overbearing (?): fri dīmmus nd.¤ ndocht (one of the capital sins), ZCP vi 271.11 . derg . . . cach n-indligthech, Laws i 54.2 Comm. , v 432.2 Comm.

As subst. o . d.¤ , m., IGT Decl. § 15 . don d.¤ redness , ex. 701 . gan crecht . . . gan d.¤ wound , TBC-LL¹ p. 387 n. 5 . math glas nō d.¤ 'if it be a bruise or an abrasion' Cáin Ad. 28 § 44 , Ériu lii 127 (Di Ércib Fola) . In phr. derg dásachtach a blood vessel located in the head: bídh a fis agad co fuil inadh (sic) ann nach dlegar do crechad mar atáit .. dergdásachtach ocus ruadhrasach ocus gach uile a mbí gluasacht ocus bualad in pulsa know that there are places which may not be cauterised such as the derg dásachtach and the rúad rasach and everywhere in which there is movement and a beating pulse​, O'Gr. Cat. 269.11 . derg dasachtach ┐ rúadh fhrasach, Ériu lxiv 6 n. 22 ( G11 289b28 ). cidh fodera duine do thērnamh ōn derg dāsachtaigh dā letarthar eidir ūainibh an cinn, et duine ele gan tērnamh? 'why does one person recover from the derg dásachtach if it [he?] is wounded between the sutures of the head, while another person does not recover?', Ériu lxiv 7 ( 72.1.2 fo. 59v7 ). in derg dāsachtach, Ériu lxiv 10 ( 72.1.2 fo. 62v14 ). muna baca an derg dāsachtach no cuislí ele 'if the derg dásachtach or another vein does not prevent it', Ériu lxiv 11 ( E 4.1 120b28 )​​​​.

pn In names: na trí Deirg do thig Deirg, BDD² 296 . in Derg Drúchtach, name of Colum Cille's curach , Reeves Ad. 274.13 . forsin Deirg Drúchtaig `the Dewy Red' (of Conall Cernach's horse), RC iii 183.30 . dofeccai secha a gabuir .i. in Deirg ṅdruchtaig, 184.30 .

Compds.

(a) Of colour, in sense (a) above. With adjs. ¤aigthech red-faced : ba derrscaithec (deargaighteach, v.l.) a delb, Cóir Anm.² i 95 § 72 . ¤buide reddish yellow: taraill a lám leiss in gipni ndergbudi, TBC-I¹ 1879 . ¤chorcra crimson: dí gáe d., Ériu iv 102 § 43 . ¤domal dark red: alaile dath cruanda ┐ alaile dergdomla, ZCP xxx 124.3 . ¤lethan broad and red: claideb . . . d.¤ , TBC-I¹ 2341 . ¤ruad: dairedha dergruadha do slegaib ` rud-red ', CCath. 5345 . dragún dearg-ruadh, TSh. 7856 . With adjs. derived from subst.: ¤dathach red-hued: Lomna druth d., LL 48b18 . ¤órda: drochte . . . dergórdai, SR 476 . cosna delbaib dergórdaib, 4360 .

With subst.: ¤ainech red-face (as sobriquet): Maeldúin d., Rawl. 144g42 . ¤chodal red (i.e. tanned) hide: curach nua co ndergchodail, RC x 84.5 . ¤derc: scéo mnáib dergdercaib with eyes red (from weeping), ZCP iii 256.15 . ¤ibar red yew: cét ndabach ṅdergibair, LL 51a22 . ¤lasad: luinech . . . 'na láim ar derglassad glittering like a red flame, LL 120a44 . a dhá shúil ar d. ina chenn, SG 295.14 . ¤lasair red flame: g s. doigh derglasrach, ZCP viii 212 § 60 . ¤loscad: ag dearg-losgadh, TSh. 6627 . ¤ór (see Études Celt. iv 314 ) purified gold (by a de-silvering process) ZCP xxxviii 246-47 n. 13 , Medieval Archaeology xlviii 37 : rond derc-óir, LU 3273 ( SCC § 7 ). ¤rót: a threabh . . . na ndearg-ród red clay roads , Ir. Monthly 1919, 456 § 8 ( DDána 97 ). ¤scé red hawthorn: imar cráibred ndergscíach, TBC-I¹ 1953 = ṅdercscíath, TBC-LL¹ 2617 . ¤theine: i carput dergthened, SR 7136 . ¤thes: d. fola, Ériu ii 102 § 12 . ¤uma red bronze, copper: scieth . . . co mbocoidibh derccuma, TBC-LL¹ 5477 .

(b) In sense (b) above. ¤ár bloody slaughter , SR 5648 . LL 375b27 . ¤béim a blow that draws blood, Laws iv 364.22 ; 'a blow that inflicts bruising or swelling or loss of skin' Ériu lii 125 (Di Ércib Fola) . ¤ḟine family group that has been guilty of `fingal', O'Don. Suppl. derggfine issede cruess, Laws iv 284.10 . deirgfine .i. indiḟíní fíngalach, 286.10 Comm. ? ¤ḟochor: dergfochuru do tuit i ndilsi, O'Curry 881 ( H 3.18 394b ). ¤martra red martyrdom (involving death): dercmartre, Thes. ii 246.31 (Cambr. Hom.). irlam fri dergmartrai, ZCP iii 29 § 9 . Bloody death, slaughter (in general): ilar nderggmartra dogni (of Cú Chulaind), ZCP ix 122.y . derccmartra ┐ dortadh fola, AFM vi 2178.5 . ¤ruathar a bloody onset: dergruathur, TBC-LL¹ 4344 .

(c) As a mere intensive. ¤lomnocht stark naked , TBC-LL¹ 4253 . TSh. 3674 . ¤maith, LL 128b34 . ¤náma a bitter foe: iar ṁbádud a ndergnámat, SR 4036 . do dergnamait, 6368 . amail dergnamait, CCath. 5164 . ¤náimdenas fierce enmity: dobudh créachta gan dúnadh a ndeargnaimhdeanas, ML 30.2 . ¤thruag: rotoccbadh an cenn . . . ina scath dhearccthruagh do Ghaoidhealaibh `a spectacle of intense pity', AFM 1172 (iii 4.6) .

Cf. further: dergfilliud erred náir, LU 9290 and : dergindledhaidh errid nair, BB 248a16 (both names of one of Cú Chulaind's feats). ¤mír `red morsel'. Apparently technical name for property illegally acquired. See Laws v 430 - 4 . amail deirgmir, 434.10 Comm. cach manach . . . dosli disli do eclais a aicsi lee samlaid manup dergmir, O'Curry 871 ( H 3.18 , 391b ). deirgmireanda, Laws v 430.22 ( .i. mirenda omha indligthecha, 432.1 Comm. ).

derge

Cite this: eDIL s.v. derge or dil.ie/15636

 

Forms: d., dirge

n (= dergae and deirge ) , f. (derg) redness, ruddiness; flushing: d.¤ gl. rubedo, Ir. Gl. 939 . co ndeirgi fola laig, BDD § 2 . begcan dergci innti arar' ṡil fuil ar Tigerna, Maund. 71 . deirge in-a ghruaidh ┐ fíoch feirge fair, Ériu i 93 § 47 . ní innisfea nech . . . a d.¤ ┐ a roḟoillsi, FA 8 ( LU 2022 ). slog co ṅdergi ṅdrech (: merci), LB 124a48 = go ndeirge ndreach (: meirge), Keat. iii 2033 . Of foliage: deirge a cluimh, TD 13.4 . derga na sul, 23 K 42, 424.11 . fúal ag dul a nderga, 3 C 19, 13 va9 . n s. dirge, 24 P 22, 181.11 . gorain derga . . . timcheald na srona maille re diorga na haidhchi (leg. haighthe), 3 C 19, 288 va15 . Fig. intensity, fervour: deirge a déar (of Mary), A. Ó Dálaigh xlii 12 .

? derged

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? derged or dil.ie/15637

 

ind d.¤ comraig `to proclaim a combat', Laws v 476.23 , with gl. eirge d'focra in comraic, 478.18 Comm. = deirge comruic . . . .i. derge do fogra comruic, O'D. 441 ( H 3.17 ( H 3.17, 340 ). ? Cf. deirgheadh m., IGT Decl. § 102 . Perh. to be referred to 2 dérgud.

2 dérgud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 dérgud or dil.ie/15657

 

n m. Vn. of 1 do-érig. ? IGT Verbs § 54 . Stripping, making bare: bai dia hainfélisi na ro faelangair gan luighe 'na fochair ósi ar na dergadh (.i. nochtadh) she being stripped, Leb. Gab.(i) 28.1 . leaving, abandoning: dergud na n-uli procept ┐ forcetul, PH 8225 . nertatt na maithe . . . iat fen tria énerti a colla o nd.¤ (leg. on d.¤ or o[a] nd.¤ ?) dírech by weakening their flesh through renunciation, 6503 (where lit. sense may be either abandoning or with poss. adj. stripping themselves). Cf. 2 dérach, déirge , 2 dírech, derged.

dílta, dílda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dílta, dílda or dil.ie/16460

 

Forms: dílta, díolda

n dílta díolda (díolla, v.l.) f., IGT Decl. § 3 . ornamented covering, caparison (?) (cf. díllat): fían Ghall na ndíltaib (: díltuir), IGT Decl. ex. 162 . dá chlár dhearga dhílda (: mílla), ex. 161 . mar dhíolda as deirge clár (: slíogdha), DDána 119.8 .

? dluig(i)sige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? dluig(i)sige or dil.ie/17070
Last Revised: 2013

 

n (dluige LEIA D-109 ) name of a radical defect (galar bunaid) in vessels , (state of being) split: re tecmaisin caechadbaidh (sic) no dluigisidhe isin niubhar, O'Curry 1863 ( 23 P 3, 20 a ). caechadbuighi . . . ┐ dlusaighi do lestraib, O'Curry 1103 ( H 3.18 447b ); 'for vessels: having hidden knots and being split' Contract Law 303 . caochadbaidhe ┐ dluthsigi .i. deirge dhe do lestraib, CIH vi 2048.29 ( H 3.17 576 ). `tendency to split' (dluige), Plummer MS. notes.

1 do-érig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 do-érig or dil.ie/17576
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: nís-nderig-si, du-dn-ærgat, ærget, dérsid, ndéirsid, dersat, du-ærsinn-se, ṅdeirsed, nudu-ærus, nisdér, ndureracht, deracht, dorérachtid, deraerachtatar, derachtatar, duæragar, doréracht, dorearacht, rodéracht, derachtai, déirge

v (*di-ess-reg-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 595 ). Some grammatical forms listed below may belong to 1a do-érig Celtica ix 208 . Indic. pres. 3 s. nís-nderig-si, Wb. 9d5 . 1 pl. (dep.) dergemor<ni>, Ogma 237 = Wb. 15b23 (a prima manu). 3 pl. du-dn-ærgat, Ml. 46c2 . du ærget , 56b13 . Subj. pres. 2 pl. ní dérsid , Wb. 20b10 . co ndéirsid , 25d27 . 3 pl. ná dersat , Metr. Dinds. ii 16.75 . Impf. 1 s. co du-ærsinn-se , Ml. 103b3 . 3 s. naich ṅdeirsed , Sg. 209b27 . Fut. 1 s. nudu-ærus, Ml. 137c7 . 3 s. nisdér, 57a7 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. a ndureracht , Ml. 74b4 . nicon deracht , Anecd. iii 61 . 2 pl. dorérachtid, Wb. 18c6 . 3 pl. nicon deraerachtatar (leg. derachtatar), Ml. 57d12 . Later with s-pret. 3 s. -déraich, Celtica xiii 17.363 . Pass. pres. s. duæragar, Ml. 110c22 . Perf. s. doréracht, Hy. ii 43 . dorearacht, O'Mulc. 495 . rodéracht, ACL iii 6 § 13 . Part. 1 dérachtae Vbl. of necess. derachtai, 128d1 . Vn. déirge .

(a) leaves, abandons, forsakes: gl. deserere, Ml. 48d4 , 56b13 , 74b4 , 100c22 , 103b3 , 128d1 ; Sg. 209b27 . destituere, Wb. 15b23 , Ml. 18d18 , 57d12 , 137c7 . desero .i. dergim, Corm. Y 557 ; O'Mulc. 589 . fedb .i. bean do-eirigh a fer, O'Curry 864 ( H 3.18 390a ). nocho dérig Dia a thuaith, Laud 610, 90b1 . nach óen déraich a tír who leaves his country, Mon. Tall. 133 . dérgit in port, LL 220a30 ( TTr. 224 ). ni thairised in ṡtloig (sic) badar i Temair ara cind; deirgit Temraig cona dūisib, Lec. 227b20 . arná deirgitís ferand na Trói, TTr.² 1408 . is cian doréracht Emain long since has E. been forsaken, Hy. ii 43 . doergat flaith nime, Ériu vii 152.24 . disiurt .i. loc fāsaig .i. roboth and riam cia roderacht nunc there were people there formerly though it has been deserted, Corm. Y 433 , cf. O'Mulc. 495 . dorérachtid máam firinne ye have abandoned the yoke, Wb. 18c6 . is tre fír flathemon . . . mīla mīna mōra for trachtaib dérgetar that . . . whales are left (stranded) on shores, ZCP xi 82 , cf. LL 346b7 . ? dergis in gaeth friu in luing i mbái D. parted from them, LL 1655 = rodeiligh, BB 40b28 .

esert, esirt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. esert, esirt or dil.ie/20498

 

n m. one who neglects his holding; who fails to perform the duties connected with it (see Bürgschaft, p. 84 ); a vagrant, tramp (contrasted with coairt): esert .i. ni huisi do fert ar is do clanta fert donti bid cæm. coairt imorro coir do fert. esfert .i. can fert, O'Mulc. 438 . esert .i. ess- fo diultadh and ┐ fert; es-fert didiu ni coir fert lais, Corm. Y 506 (essirt LB). esirt .i. ni coir fert do. no eas-ard .i. ni ard, 545 . trí hoénaig eserte: célide hi tig gobann, célide hi tig ṡáir, dul do chennuch cen áirche, Triads 74 (with gl.: haonaighe n-esairte .i. eisert .i. bochtain lag, p. 37 ). tairsci tar fagh n-eserta .i. tar fich no tar tir intí eirges as a firt, O'Dav. 967 . Laws iv 126.7 . in t-eisert, 126.15 Comm. airm i mbiad da comarba treabar im easeart, cid dognitear fri heiseart ? gaibead imme co n-imcua (with gl.: airm...i mbiat da coimetaid orba trebar i ferand inti eirges as a firt, imon esert .i. ite da esert [esert ?] deirge a methus ┐ eisert tascnam methais) 128.3 (also expl. by: .i....dha treabar im edtreabar 130.12 ). in t-eisert is he a aithne; duine fand bis itir in da comorba tre na trebuiri, 130.23 . ma tainic in t-esert amuigh iarsin, tabruit a fine fearand do, 130.28 . don eisfert ib. 30 . dán ecnai dogni rig do pauper dogni coairt di eissirt, Fél. p. x 26 . doni ansruth do eisirt, Anecd. iii 20.10 . togbail eisert receiving the homeless (?) ZCP v 486 § 9 (b. na filed). ní bhi ar eaisiort co ruanaidh does not oppress the landless (?) with gl.: eisreacht [.i.] dilleachta outcast i.e. orphaned Hard. ii 304.1 .

feódaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. feódaigid or dil.ie/21636

 

Forms: feodaigit

v g

I Intrans. withers, shrinks: feodaigit (of plants) PH 4243 . co crinann ┐ co feodhaighenn [in dair], CCath. 339 (féogh— v.l.). rofheodhaigh [in cruithnecht], Lism. L. 4858 . ro fhéodhaighset a ccosa, BNnÉ 27.13 . díoghail Dé 's ann do fheoghuigh abated A. Ó Dálaigh vii 3 .

II Trans. withers, consumes: feodaigid in tene in crand, LL 150a21 . Cf. cliath ra heclais mairg dogní ... feodaigid aigid is chlí ib. 14 . deirge 'na deóraib ... do ḟeoghaigh sliocht t'ḟeirge ort, Aithd. D. 95.8 . See IGT, Verbs § 106 .

1 fuidir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fuidir or dil.ie/24771

 

Forms: fuither, fuidir, fuider, fuidir, fuidri, fuidre, fuidir, fuidre, fuidri, fuidire, fuidre, f., f., f., f., f., f., fuidhir

n f. With the possible exception of the dubious fuither, LL 216b39 ( Metr. Dinds. iv 318 : `tenant') no exx. are recorded from the literature. In Laws Comm. frequently glossed fodáer. Other expls. are: fuider .i. fo deirge ... desero latine .i. dergim, O'Mulc. 589 , (where deirge is evidently vn. of 1 do-érig `abandons.' Cf. O'Dav. 1052 cited below). fuidhir .i. fodháor .i. fear tuarastail, O'Cl. fuidhre .i. lucht friothoilte servants ib. f.¤ .i. dochonaich, Lec. Gl. 314 , Stowe Gl. 366 (.i. om.). Thurn., Ir. Recht 61 (cf. Cóic Con. 76 , footnotes) accepts the etym. `fo-dír,' interpreting it as `in the tribe but not of the blood,' or `belonging to the lower grades of the kindred.' The following forms are found in Laws Text as printed: n s. fuidir, pass., but fuider, Laws iv 38x (= fuidir, Ir. Recht 63 n. 7 ; 70.12 ). [fuidir Laws v 360.14 is taken as g s. in transl., and this is supported by the reading cacha fuidri H 3.18, 392a29 . but evidently nom. is required, see Ir. Recht 65 § 7 ]. g s. meth cacha fuidre , Ir. Recht 66 § 10 (= fuidri, H 3.18, 392a35 ) mas ar scath fuidri tucustair he ... mas ar ḟocraic `if it is for fuidir- ship he has given it (the land) ... if it is for reward' Laws v 36.31 Comm. mas a rath ḟuidhri ... mas ar focraic `as fuidir- stock ... ; for reward' ib. 5 . fognum do denum d'ferund fuidri ib. 38.27 . cuic samhuisce doberar a rath fuidhre the stock lent to a fuidir is five heifers Ir. Recht 68 Comm. pl. fuidre, Laws iii 10.16 . fuidri, iv 282.11 . fuidire, v 360.13 . teora fuidre ib. 10 (= Ir. Recht 65 § 7 ). A member of an inferior class in the early Irish social organization. A concise and authoritative description of the f.¤ is given by Binchy in his edition of Críth Gablach: acc. to him the f.¤ is a `tenant at will,' settled by the lord (flaith) on a portion of the latter's land; his services to the lord are always undefined. `Although his condition is semi-servile, he retains the right to abandon his holding on giving due notice to the lord and surrendering to him two thirds of the products of his husbandry.' Críth G. p. 93 . A f.¤ who has for nine generations occupied the same lord's land thereby ranks as a serf and his descendants are also serfs (see Críth G. 327 , cited below). The lowest grades of f.¤ were not entitled to `díre' for damage to their property nor were they responsible for guilt or debts incurred by their kinsmen ( Laws v 512.1 ff . = Ir. Recht 63 ; Laws iv 38x = Stud. in E. Ir. Law 148 ). In Laws v 360.13 (= Ir. Recht 65 ) they are divided into seven classes; in the Comm. they are frequently classed as `doerfuidri' and `soerfuidri,' the former being virtually unfree, the latter having the right of separating from their lord (see Thurneysen, Cóic Con. 76 and especially Ir. Recht 61 ff . where the relevant passages from the Laws are assembled and discussed): fuidre flatha, doermanaig eclaise (persons unqualified for forming contracts except when authorized by their guardian or superior) Laws iii 10.16 . f.¤ [fuithir LB] .i. fo thir .i. intí dobeir tir fo na deoraig anechtair, is do is ainm f.¤ he who takes land under an immigrant settler, it is he who is called `f.¤ ' (`who gives land to a stranger' Corm. Transl.) Corm. Y 610 . Thurneysen, Ir. Recht 61 n. 4 , takes the original reading to be that in the Bk. of Hy Many: in ti dobeir tir fon deoraith anechtair is do <is> fuithir he who [ = if one] gives land to an immigrant the latter is a `f.' to him.' dligid fuider (fuidir v.l.) frithfolta, Anecd. iii 13 ( fudir, LL 345d16 ; fuidhir, YBL 411d12 ). f.¤ crui ┐ gola, O'Dav. 1052 (one of the subclasses of `fuidre,' of which a list is given in Ir. Recht 65 = Laws v 360.13 f .). ma beith fognum diib co nómad náo it bothaig, it fuidri, Críth G. 327 ( Ir. Recht 81 ). atait da cenel for daerfuidir, d. ghaoidhealach ┐ d. tar muir, Ir. Recht 68 Komm. III . Cf. also: cach f.¤ .i. daer a athair ┐ a senathair, Laws v 512. 10 = macc fuidre ┐ ua aroile ┐ f.¤ fein, SM Facs. 2a . in saerfuidir .i. fri re triir, Cóic Con. 21 §14 Comm.

See fuidrius.

gairthe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gairthe or dil.ie/25258

 

io,iā pp. of goirid as adj. warm, glowing, radiant: do dergfuind a dreich gairthi (: mh' ḟeargaighthe), Ériu iv 220 § 28 . go (a) g(h)ruadh ghairthe mar smuailghríos, v 66.202 . rosg gorm na ngruadhchroth ngairthe ` warm-cheeked ,' A. Ó Dálaigh ix 3 . dod ghnúis aolghairthe ` lime-bright ,' TD 19.1 . a ghruaidh shaor-ghair-the, Studies 1928, 452.22 . dá ghnúis tibhrigh thonnghairthe, Studies 1918, 452.4 . ba deirge na gúal gartha, Duan. F. ii 10.34 . an ghrian gharrtha, ZCP iv 442.28 . Cf. mar ghréin ghairthi (sic MS), Ir. Monthly 1920, 163 § 6 = mar ghréin ng.¤ , DDána 114.6 . an ghrian ghairthe ar ghile, Dánta Gr. 45.27 . an ré úr gairthe, Dán Dé xxvii 10 . croinn ghairthe le ngon tánaidh seared (?), IGT Decl. ex. 441 . learga t'fhoinn ... ghairthe `thy mellow ... slopes,' Gadelica 11 § 1 . gach fán dá ghortaibh gairthe `glowing,' TD 4.2 (= O'Gr. Cat. 425.18 ). Críoch Luighne na learg ngairthe, TD 32.76 . sleagha gairthe dá ngormadh `shining spears,' TD 6.9 . sníomh a slegh rennghairthe ruadh `burnished-headed spears,' O'Gr. Cat. 474.22. Of wounds hot, burning (?): comhosgladh chnedh ngairthe, 23 L 17, 34a25 .

imḟolad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imḟolad or dil.ie/27543

 

Forms: imfolta

n `? property, property qualification ' (Plummer, MS. notes) : a p. cach ben deirge lann (read lanamnas, Atk. Gloss. s.v. lann) .i. urnaidm cen imfolta ar a cend `there is a covenant without property concerning her,' Laws iv 58.27 Comm.

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