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ár

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ár or dil.ie/3912
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: airib, airilb

n o. Orig. neut. ( ar n-Umill la gennti, AU² 813.4 , ár n-Eoganachta la Osraighi, AU² 896.6 , dia foicertar ár nGoídel by whom the slaughter of the Gaels will be proclaimed, B. in Scáil² 46 § 52 ). Note also d p. airib, which seems to be required for MS airilb gl. cladibus, Ml. 100a2 (s-inflection ?).

Slaughter, carnage; defeat, destruction: du á.¤ gl. ad cedem, Ml. 33d4 . donaib araib gl. ad strages, 34a19 . etarcnae áir mo namat gl. de cede hostium, 113b4 . co rabi cach díib i n-á.¤ a chéili, Trip.² 498 . co ralta á.¤ . . . fer n-Ērenn impe, Sc.M² 5 . Bodb iar n-áraib fora slicht, 21c . iar maidm áir chatha for Ulto .i. cath Brestini, LL 13352 . rochuirsed na treinfir sin ara aidbli (aru v.l.), TTebe 4299 . gu ro lae a.¤ daini ┐ cethra ann, CCath. 854 . diar' fúabairthe isna háraib when they were cut down in the carnage, Metr. Dinds. iv 252.3 . co fargaib a.¤ daíne ┐ eathar `loss of men and ferry-boats', RC xvii 372.19 . á.¤ . . . ar na hAllmhurchaibh, DDána 97.22 . i n-á.¤ , Aithd. D. 21.34 . teidm mōr a Laignib, .i. in bolgach . . . cor ladh á.¤ daíne sechnón Laighen, RC xvii 402.6 .

In phrase á.¤ cend lit. slaughter of heads, a taking of heads , hardly difft. from ár: corro lad á.¤ cend and, LU 9606 (`a slaughter of chiefs', ZCP iii 207 ). brissis Macha in cath for maccaib Dithorba co fargaibset á.¤ cend aicce, Dinds. 161 ( RC xvi 280 ). cor ben a ngabala dib ┐ [. . .] á.¤ cend leo, RC xvii 354.4 . co ro fáccbadh á.¤ cend lais `a strages of heads', AFM vi 1950.26 .

Somet. in more or less concr. sense of those slain, slaughtered ones: romarbsat á.¤ a muindtiri they wrought a slaughter of his people, BColm. 72.4 . co n-erbailt issin tám thend / i torchair á.¤ fer ṅHerend, LL 14812 . mairbthair derg-á.¤ Leithe Cuind and, 299b31 . dú i torchair á.¤ Conmaicne `wherein many of the C. fell slaughtered', RC xvii 391.32 . fuaradar na hára móra ┐ na colla crōderga, ZCP xiii 244.1 . do siredar na hára co mīn (looking for the body of a certain warrior), 245.14 . Note also: ní deochaid E. dar á.¤ `the battle- field'. Metr. Dinds. iv 50.109 .

Compds. ¤-chú, ¤-mag, see separate articles. ¤-ṡlicht: an t-ársliocht oirlighthe ` slaughter-track ', ML 134.23 .

See compds.

1 cía

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cía or dil.ie/8965
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cía, ci, cá, gá, cá, gá, cár, cá, cía, citné, cia, ciodh, cisne, cipé, cipé

interr. and indef. pron. Given in list of interrogatives, Laws v 6.1 ff. Comm. ; for forms permitted and prohibited in classical verse see IGT Introd. § 16 . See GOI §§ 456 - 460 , Strachan, Ériu i 6 ff. , Bergin, Ériu xii 205 ff.

A As interrogative.

I General form cía (ce, ci) (`unstressed or weakly stressed,' GOI § 456 ) without indication of gender. In later lang. freq. cá, gá (cf. gia, TBC-LL¹ 56 , giá, 730 etc.). who? what ? (in direct and indirect interrogation).

(a) With dependent verb (as conj. part. or in accordance with Bergin's Law). As subject of vb.: cia beir búar o thig Temrach who takes? LL 1566 . cía rét Brega?, LU 9306 . ? cia saig do rús Herind. . .?, LL 1787 . cía taisiu?, LU 6307 . cia bátar do bésa?, Tec. Corm. 7 . ní fitir R. cía-rraba / crích `whose was', Metr. Dinds. iv 4.45 . immoscoemorcuir ceptar hé, Corm. Bodl. 34.21 . As object: ce róich `how far . . . extends', Sg. 26a11 . cia roich eneclann?, Laws iii 536.1 . cia-roig dire? Ir. Recht 13 § 14 . cia fairneac?, Ériu xi 44.3 . cia acca whom didst thou see? LU 7135 . bec a ḟis duid cia do ordo, Anecd. i 7.5 ( do(o)rdo, SCano 198 `what I croon', Gloss.). So also in cíar(r)icc (separate article). Rarely cid in this use. Nom. cid dernad?, LL 251a18 . Accus. cid dernais?, LL 251a39 .

With inf. pron. usually cich-: cichib foruireth? . . . fon-roireth imned what has been caused to you? TBFr. 399 = ZCP iv 45.28 . cichib-roerad? what has been prepared for you (i.e. how have you fared?), IT iii 237.62 = cichib roér ol Bodb. Nin foruireth nammaith olse, LL 246b24 . mnā brataiter . . . cichi brata? cichi aig? cichi goin? who abducts them? TBC-I¹ 1081 (cicen, cíche, ciche, LU). ? ciche bárogell a regg / sonend ┐ dubdonend, LL 376a4 . Exceptionally: ar feisidh ciab dergeine `who has made you', Blathm. 91 § 6 . fir gontair, mnā brattar, bai agthar . . . cistabrata, cisdagata, cisdabeir? TBC-I¹ 2989 . See ZCP xxii 29 .

With copula: innaní asbertis cipad a déne ind hesséirgi `that used to say what would be the swiftness of the resurrection', Wb. 25b27 . conid fessed cia bed flaith inna diad, Ml. 89b7 . For cía ba chan see can.

Hence in various adverbial meanings. (b) how ? cia Ulto ána acca?, LL 13439 . cumma cīa-thōetsat imbi, Sc.M² 3 (`how', Gloss.). cía festa `how should ye know?' Metr. Dinds. iii 48.12 . cia ḟacci ar sluág?, TBC-LL¹ 223 . is cuma dó c.¤ eipli, Liad. and Cuir. 20.17 `how he dies', Contribb. 363 . With deut. form: cía dorochair Cróeb Dathi?, Metr. Dinds. iii 148.1 . Note also: cīa tairicc? Tairic hi cind teora mblīadna when? ZCP viii 312.29 .

(c) where ? In later lang. cá, gá (nasalizing), with narrative tense cár. cá `lochdach', IGT Introd. § 16 . Orig. with téit: ni fetatar cia deochaid where he went, LU 3329 ( SCC 12 ). nocon ḟess cia deochatar, LL 290a27 . With deut. form of vb. cia dochuatar ass? where did they go? TFerbe 565 . In later lang.: cá ngabhaid?, Oss. iii 232.5 . Keat. Poems 1545 . cá bhfaighion tú an raidhirc so?, ZCP v 215.419 . cā ndearnais do c[h]ēadc[h]reach?, Feis Tighe Chonáin 145 . cár ghabh, 490 . cá ar fríth é?, ZCP v 215.418 . carbh ail les dul, Stair Erc. 981 . With attá: ga ffuil maithe na Féine?, Duan. F. ii 322 § 15 (see iii 151). ga bhfuil suim . . . na naitheantadh `what is the abridgment?' Donlevy 52.22 . ro fhiarfaigh I. ca rabe A., Stair Erc. 25 . do f[h]iafraigdur dī cā raibhe sí whence she was, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1666 . Note also cia racha, ITS xvii 188.1526 etc.

(d) With fíu glossing Lat. quam, how (great, etc.): cia fíu .i. mór ní gl. quam admirabile, Ml. 17b12 - 13 . gl. quam (sollicite), 23a10 . ce fiu gl. quam maxime, Sg. 114a3 . See Dict. Fasc. fíu and compare cia fiú me bheith beó etc. how can I remain alive? ITS xvii 159.963 .

(e) With follg. noun (often as antecedent of rel. clause). With masc.: ciachruth gl. quomodo, Sg. 212a1 (see 1 cruth). cia dune ind inni-sseo gl. qualem . . . hominem, Ml. 35c33 . cia mod .i. imba do gres . . . `what measure', Ml. 100d4 . Perh. also in the follg.: dús cia port indib maith óigedacht `in what place', Wb. 26b24 . cia salmscribdid conicfed són `what psalmist?', Ml. 14a6 . amal nad finnatar sidi cia loc sainriud dia regtais, 99b10 . cia randdatu bis indi, Sg. 27a12 . cía cethrar? Rí ┐ brithem etc., Críth G. 536 . cia file ar secht ccumhaluibh dlighidh what poet . . .? Ériu xiii 18.4 . cia fot atúsa isin chotlud sa how long? LU 6359 . gá fad?, TSh. 1618 . ca sén dob ferr?, Ériu iv 224.13 . ca ræt in muirn . . . ar-at-cluineam?, TTebe 1901 (see crét). ca hinad?, LB 137b51 . gá cara don uile as fhearr?, A. Ó Dálaigh xv 5 . DDána 50.12 . gá fhios nach . . . (ḟ = bf?), O'Gr. Cat. 456.10 . gá chúis fá . . ., 12 . cár bh'iongnadh?, Hard. i 204 .

(f) With fem.: cia airm `what place', Wb. 12d18 (see cairm, cáit). ceseirc gl. quam caritatem habeam, 14d15 (differently GOI 289 ). ce meit gl. quanto, 33a1 . ce mét aimmser bes indi `what times may be in it', Sg. 25b16 . ce méit a[s] sinu aís quam A. `how much older', Wb. 34a5 . See méit. cia dú gl. quo, Ml. 40c7 . cia inni soas `how He turns', 123d8 (see note). cá huair díscáeilter in doman nó cá tráth thiucfus Dia?, RC xxiv 382.32 . ca delb rogabais? Ériu iv 104.15 . cia ben is mesa do mnáib?, ZCP viii 113.11 . cá slat is slimghile bas?, O'Gr. Cat. 332.27 . ga hobar dhíbh nach doiligh?, Studies 1921, 588 § 1 . gá breath rug féin ar an bhfear? Dán Dé xxv 16 .

(g) With neut.: cia eret mbete oc m'ingraimmim-se `how long?' Ml. 33a9 . cia airet bis micomus etc., Laws ii 186.6 . cia hairet, PH 1501 . See airet, cairet. anfis ca cinel aire nos beir etc., Laws i 188.6 Comm. cia forcenn doberthar foraib, Ml. 33a9 . na fetar . . . ca galar . . ro-t-básaig, CRR 3 . cia indas conaittechtatar a n-íc, Ml. 90b16 . décaid . . . a arm cia indas rundgabsat, 55c1 (see indas, cindas). cia leath reghma?, Anecd. i 2.9 ( SCano 25 ). cia tír, ZCP viii 318.33 .

(h) cía with follg. prep. and noun or pron. rendering oblique cases of Lat. pronn. (see GOI 228 - 229 ): cia ar neoch gl. ad quid, Sg. 217a5 . Cf. cia erneo gl. quam ob rem, Ml. 101a4 . ci erniu gl. quamobrem, 47b1 . cairhe biit, Sg. 242b1 leg. ciairneo = quamobrem, n . ciarrét gl. quamobrem, Ml. 48c2 . cide gl. de quo (cia de? cid de?), Sg. 3a9 . cia du neuch gl. ad quem . . .? Ml. 16a9 . cia dunaib hi do foirmsed gl. de quibus adderet? 35a17 . cia du forcunn gl. quem ad finem, 33a9 . cia du rét gl. cui rei? 121d1 . cia isnaib hí gl. in quibus, 49c13 . cia in n-erbirt ṁbiuth gl. in quem ussum, 46b28 . cia i n-olcaib gl. in quibus malis, 23b2 . ci onaibhi, gl. quibus, 47a10 . cio ainmnid dixnigidir gl. ex quo sit nominatiuo? Sg. 207b3 . ciofut gl. usque quo, Ml. 20a17 . 93a15 . ci ho fothaib són gl. quibus (dementiae facibus accensi sunt), 16b19 . ci o retaib gl. quibus rebus, 35c35 . gl. ex quibus rebus, 44d24 . cio thomus gl. qua libra etc., 55d16 . So also probably in later lang.: cia chuige a ndírighmid ar nurnuigh, Donlevy 364.16 . ca as a tangadar, Stair Erc. 1412 . casa ticit siat, Ir. Astr. Tr. 146.1 . Hence perh. in later phr. gá d'ulc what is the harm of? (see olc, Bard. Synt. Tr. 45.z ). gá d'ulc bogur an bhása?, IGT Decl. ex. 758 . gá d'ulc mé gan mothugadh?, ex. 224 . gá d'ulc óigrí eslobar?, O'Gr. Cat. 470.9 . Cf. 2 cair. See Éigse xii 136 .

(i) In phrase cíadono why (then)? (see GOI 289 See further Éigse xii 136 .): ar cia dono gl. ut quid autem, Wb. 2d10 . hóre ro-n-ortigestar dia cedono tuidecht friss `why then?' 6a4 . ce dono rigne occo `what, then, is the good of prolixity in it?' 8d15 . cepu dono adrad dǽ do thabirt do Pool?, 7d16 . ciapu dono dún indarpe geinte `why should we then expel the Gentiles?' 19a14 . ? ēludh ann for romhuir / nícon fess cia dona, ZCP x 344.13 .

(j) In various constructions with adjj. In early legal texts with superl.: cia measom do cain ts.? `what is the worst of . . . ?' Laws ii 194.1 . cia dilsiumh d'ḟiledhoibh, Ériu xiii 31.2 . cía háithemh eó? acais dlighidh, etc., 25.6 . Prob. also: cia so do rinnibh etc. 20.30 = ciaso do ninnaib, O'Dav. 1289 . In later lang. in phrase gá beag is it not enough? ga beag mur ḟáth duilghis, IGT Decl. ex. 1057 . cá beag d'fhiadhnaise? Studies 1920, 97 § 2 . gárbh fhearr céim, 98 § 6 . gá bheag dhúinn dá dhearbhadh ort is it not proof enough for you? Content. vi 25 . Freq. with compar. in rhetorical questions. Cf. ga meisde ┐ ga c[h]an ┐ ca d'ulc, Bard. Synt. Tr. 45.z . gá cruaidhe ceisd what more difficult question (is there)? DDána 12.1 . ga deacra ní do neithibh?, IGT Decl. ex. 938 . car doilge [le] inghin Taidg / éc Aodha aird . . . / inā d'Echtaigh a bás bróin / Corbmaic hūi Cuinn . . . , ZCP vi 269 § 4 . ca ferr duind ar mbeandacht do chur . . . go fer in liubair sea na a fágbail aigi?, LU 2769 (colophon). gá fearr m'áis-se ná m'aindeoin how is it better to get my consent than to constrain me? Dán Dé i 5 . ga feirdi me do m[healladh]?, Bard. Synt. Tr. 45.2 . cá bud fherrde, PH 7582 . gá misde don cholainn chriadh / an t-anam d'faghbháil ilphian what harm? Dán Dé xxv 41 . m'uabar gá mó mínáire?, O'Gr. Cat. 346.33 . do Mhuire gár mhó guasocht?, Dán Dé xx 47 . Note also: cá minic do chionntaidh sé `how often', Donlevy 320.28 . an lícc dimor uccat fil forsan tulaigh, cía mó atá i ttalamh dhi na uása how much more of it is in the earth than above it? BNnÉ 8.16 .

II Inflected (`more fully stressed', GOI § 456 ) cía, cisí cid, citné etc. In classical verse the forms cia and ciodh are stressed, see DDána 12.1 , 58.35 . `cía, can, cúich . . . were in direct interrogation used with the copula *esti (cf. mod. Ir. cé h-é) . . . ', O'Brien, Féil. Mhic Néill 88 .

With indep. form of verb (a) cía m.: cia beraid doib a remeperthe `who will refer to them the aforesaid?' Ml. 37a9 (perh. transition from I(a) above). Usually with rel. clause: cía rédes ruind?, BDD² 294 etc. cia dib gebus t'forba?, RC xxiv 194.1 . cía de as sru[i]thiu?, Críth G. 492 . cīa nād cūala?, ZCP xi 109 § 7 . Prob. also in follg., where there is no mark of rel.: cia con-icc ní dúun?, Wb. 4b11 . cia folínfea? 12d14 . cia dobera íc do Sión?, Ml. 34d5 . dús cia atrebea isin chathraig `to learn who will dwell in the city', 35b24 . cia de dogega `which of them I shall choose', Wb. 23b33 . dús cīa díb do-ngegad, Sc.M² 19 . caidi bad ferr la hUltu, a mmarb nō a mbeo . . . ?, TBC-I¹ 681 (cia dé, LU). do fiarfaidh A. de cia dá cloind do beith etc., ZCP xi 128.34 . quis est horum qui vicit . . . .i. cia ro blaiss bethaid?, LL 281a32 . cia aca is rogha leat?, Hard. i 274.y .

(b) cid n. (rel. frequently marked): cid aem no-dom-bera-sa cucuibsi, Wb. 1a8 . cid atobaich cen dílgud cech ancridi `what impels you . . . ?', 9c20 . nícon fitir cid asbeir, 12c22 . ro fitid cid aridfuirig a foilsigud, 26a11 . dús cid forchomnacuir indi `to learn what hath happened therein', Ml. 16c5 . cid du-gén-sa osme `what shall I do, even I?', 30b9 . ní fintar cid attrebthar and `what is possessed there', Sg. 200b13 . niconfetadar cid fodruair `they . . . knew not what had caused it', Mon. Tall. 147.13 . asbert nicon feddur cid fil do sirgabail na biaide I do not understand your continual singing of the Beati, 127.2 . cid dogén?, ZCP viii 113.9 . cid tuccais ō Guaire what hast Thou got from G.? ACL iii 2.10 . With subst. vb. in nasalising rel. clause what ails, what is the matter with? see attá. With copula: nad fes cid as maith no as olc [do] denum, Ml. 51b7 . dober Dia aithesc cid as denti no cid as imgabthi, 51b8 . cid as dech do mnáib? what is the best type of wife? ZCP viii 113.5 . Note the variation in: na cóig guthaidhe, cía dhíobh as glan no as neamhghlan, no ciodh as cáol no as leathan da bfeadhuibh oireaghdha, ┐ créd atá na ndefhoghrachuibh etc., IGT Introd. 1.10 .

With nouns in sense who is? what is?

(c) m. cía (also occasionally with other genders, and regularly with ainm, see Ériu i 9 ): cia haes esca?, SR 7964 . cía méit in gill?, Críth G. 282 . cía [a] míad sidi?, 586 . cia th'ainmsiu?, LU 10774 . cía hainm? what's your name? BDD² 264 . cía hainm dá mnaí?, 365 . cia n-anmand what are their names? TFerbe 357 . cīa cétliaigh robūi ind-Ēirinn?, ZCP viii 105.12 . cía bar lín-se is[in] indsi-se?, Ériu iv. 142.21 . nī hētur cia hainm in maic aile, ZCP viii 293.24 . cia don teora crannsa an chroch, Dán Dé iii 27 . cia an monghar mór-sa?, DDána 85.6 . cia an duine bhias beó = quis est homo? TSh. 3125 .

Forms in -so, -su etc. (cf. indic. pres. 3 s. of 2 cía. See Celtica vii 38-42 ): ciaso baili ata in crann?, SR 7931 . ciaso buaid duinne?, Bodl. Dinds. 27 . cia so gním what deed? TBC-LL¹ 958 . cíasu anmann bai for suidiu?, IT ii2 195.153 . nī fetar-sa ciasu adba etc., Fing. R. 969 . ciasa bas . . . do bean . . . in bas-crann?, Ériu iv 116 § 26 (`whose hand?'). ciasa fogealtad son? .i. miach cacha mis, Laws iv 106. 15 Comm. ím comirc doib ciasa hairm ín ro scuirsid, 106.22 Comm. ciasa run, Auraic. 5210 (císi, v.l.). ciarsat comainm celisiu what's your master's name? LL 9041 (TBC). carsat comainm?, Acall. 390 . ciarso choma no bértha dó?, LL 8937 (TBC). garsa gním sain?, 9990 (TBC).

(d) cía with pron. who is? cia tussu díxnigedar who art thou? Wb. 4c24 . cia hé nu-n-dixnaigther-siu gl. qui sis, Ml. 75c9 . ciahé gl. qui (sit), 14d14 . cia hé `who is it?' 46c17 . ce hé roscríb `who it is that has written', Sg. 197a19 . cinní sin frisnaiccai siu `whom dost thou expect?', Thes. ii 227.30 (from intí-sin, GOI § 460 ). cia so who is this? Anecd. i 8. 23 ( SCano 257 ). cía so?, Sc.M² R 10 . cīa and-so?, 11 (for inso?). cia tusu?, RC xxiv 200.9 . fochtuis Feilis scela de, ce he budein, ZCP vi 25. 18 . cīa pad cīa . . . acht . . . Condere . . . who should it be but C.? Ériu i 114 § 3 . beag a fhios agad . . . / cia misi d'fhearaibh Eireann, Studies 1924, 243 § 17 . With -so, -su: cía so thú?, LU 10768 = ciasu tu, Ériu xii 170.3 . cársa cúich thú?, Mer. Uil.² 90 . cársa cía[s]ib-si etir?, 250 .

(e) cía with follg. prep. as antecedent of rel. clause (cf. I (h) above): cia dia fiachaigedar gl. ad quem debeat, Ml. 44b3 . cia forsa tiagat? `on whom do they fall? Laws ii 178.3 . nicon-fes cīa ō-tucad, Sc.M² 3 . cia ar nach tug a thrócuire? Dán Dé xxv 46 . cor dib Painiel dian / Gabriel cia ar nach cor?, KMMisc. 254.14 . d'iomad rogha ag Día dá dhiomda / fola cía dá ttiobhra ar tós, IGT Decl. ex. 109 .

(f) cisí, ces(s)í with f. noun: cisí chomairle ǽm `what indeed is the counsel?' Ml. 34c18 . cissi slabrai in díscer sa? LU 5162 (TBC). cissi gáir seo?, 4475 . císí (sic) suillse mór sucut?, BDD² 591 . áil dūn a ḟis . . . cisī rāth so, Ériu viii 157.6 . Freq. with follg. rel. clause: cessi aimser hi rogbath `at what time it was sung', Ml. 24d10 . cisi aimsir hi for-comnactar in gnimai, 97a5 . cisí digal didenach dumberaesiu a Dǽ, 100d5 . co n-eperthae cia aiccent ┐ cisi aimser derb thechtas, Sg. 26a6 . cisi rann dogéntar di, 27a13 . cesí aram gl. ad quod genus uel numerum refertur, 197b3 . cisi chiall bís indib `what is the meaning that is in them', 217a2 . cisi muime bat tualoing what fostermother could have? Blathm. 100 § 32 . cisi mathair con bert / an geinsi? ib. (MS. cisi in, text). cisi gnuis . . . forta napsalmo?, Hib. Min. 3.76 . cise noail noclanna `by what oath shall it be settled?' Laws iv 142.3 . cisi airm hi tá L.? LU 3620 (SC. 31). rāidh frim cisé (ciséd, v.l.) dāil di ṡund dogénum, ACL iii 294 § 13 . cisi breth rucais?, Rawl. 113a2 . cissí dichuimni rod dall?, LL 21767 . fég darisse . . . cisi chonar dotháet `look again, what road is he coming', RC iii 183.33 . inderb . . . cisi uair no cisi aimsir regthair, Ériu v 120.3 . cisí hairle do beradh, Hugh Roe² 292.14 . With ellipse of rel. clause: tair limsa . . . co ndérais. Cisí dígal?, MU² 1034 . Also somet. with other genders: ciasi animnairme (ainm n-áirme) fil . . ., Hib. Min. 2.41 . ciasi ord fil forna psalmu, 6.196 . ra iarfaig . . . cissi log conattaig, LL 30975 ( TTr. 156 ). occa scrúdadh . . . cisi cruth no aithfedh, Hugh Roe² 96.15 . Note also: atbertsat cipsi magen i ferfaithe in cath, Dinds. 188 ( RC xvi 274 ).

(g) cid with n. noun. In sense what is? cid aes ṅ-esci? BCr. 32a9 . cidh dire Mac-ḟuirmidh?, Ériu xiii 25.27 . cid an ní seo?, BDD² 242 . cid damhna bar ndocesaid?, ACL iii 310 viii 3 . ciodh achd ar ghrádh no ar ghrádsa / clár págsa d'fhior ón Aodhsa?, IGT Decl. ex. 137 .

With follg. rel. clause: imrádat imráti cid maith as déntí `as to what good is to be done', Wb. 1d7 . cid ḟolad ṡluindes, Sg. 25b17 (see note). ce torad gl. quem . . . fructum habuistis? Wb. 3b29 . cid chenél gl. quod genus . . . refertar, Sg. 197b3 . Perh. also: cidechor (= cid dechor) gl. quae sit differentia, 23a2 . In difft. constr. (cf. II (c) above): ced torbe doib etarscarad . . . fria tola what does it profit them? Wb. 13c6 . ce torbe dúib-si . . . in fogur-sin, Ml. 12d5 . ced slīab inso thall?, TBC-I¹ 614 .

(h) cid with pronoun: ced ed tra `what is it then?' Wb. 3b28 . cid so?, Mon. Tall. 130.15 ; YBL 118a23 ; ZCP xiii 179.3 . cid sin?, BDD² 448 . cid ón `what is that?' RC iii 184.25 . ceadh sibh acht na seacht dtroighthe what do you amount to? DDána 53.21 .

(i) cid with DO. With follg. neg.: cid dait-siu . . . nád bod latt curadmir, etc. why shouldn't you have? LU 8139 ( FB 10 ). cid daib . . . nach mair[b]fed sib?, TTebe 1865 . cidh damhsa cen dul d'iarraidh a maithme why should I not go, etc.? RC xxvii 294 § 38 . Note also: cidh duibsi what think ye of it? (?), RC xxvi 366.13 . cidh dhúinn déanamh a bhfeasa `why need I tell of them?' Content. iv 27 .

(j) cid with DI: cid de ón what does that matter? LU 6361 . cid de-side why so? TBC-LL¹ 5580 .

(l) cid with prep. and rel. clause: cid asa fordailtea grád túa[i]the on what basis have the lay grades been laid down? Críth G. 6 . Sliab B. cid diata whence is it named? RC xv 301.5 . cídh día ndearnadh Adhamh, 23 E 26, 5.18 .

(m) In similar construction in meaning why? With AR: cid arind epur frit why do I say it to thee? Wb. 5a31 . cid ara ndluthid caratrad friu iterum?, 27a30 . cid ara todlaigther inso, Ml. 32a5 . cid ara fodaim int ais firian inna fochaidi? 55d11 . cid armad machdad etc.? Sg. 167a4 . cid arṅdid huathuislib ildaib disruthaigedar?, 198b3 . cid ar bad?, Thes. ii 227. 34 . cid ara n-eperr Críth Gablach?, Críth G. 1 . cidh ar a fhuil Cuncha ar in inadhso?, ZCP xi 40.35 . With DI: cid dia leícid cundubairt for drecht uáib?, Wb. 13b12 . cid dia n-éirena(i)tar?, Críth G. 121 . rofiarfaig . . . desim cid dia mboi fora iarrair, Grail 1522 . With IMM (later FÁ): finnaid . . . cid imma ndernad in t-id, LL 8053 (TBC). cidh ma tancais alé `why hast thou come . . . ?' Ériu iii 158 § 11 . cid 'ma n-iarthai?, TTebe 1700 . cid . . . 'mara loirgis, TFrag. 118.15 . ciodh far dhoilghe trí thairnge?, DDána 40.10 . innis dúinn ciodh fa ttánghuis, Duan. F. i 78.16 . ciodh fa ttiobhradh, IGT Decl. ex. 1311 .

(n) cid as adverb, why ? cid no mbetha . . . on what account shouldst thou be . . . ? Wb. 4c24 . cid na déccaid?, Fél. Prol. 201 . ced nach maith?, Trip.² 1968 . cid nabsin Fedelm-sa . . . cichsed, LU 8296 ( FB 22 ). Tond Chlidna cid aréracht?, Metr. Dinds. iii 214.54 . cid éige, a bean?, Celtica iv 16.154 . cidh tāi a[g] gul?, ZCP viii 559.5 . cid . . . na caithi do chuidich? Ériu v 36.19 . do chách ciodh nach aithréasda?, DDána 58.35 . cidh na ro chomaillis an gealladh doradais?, BNnÉ 295 § 22 . Cf. cid ane . . . meic na mbachlach . . . do chomram cucum what business have the sons of rustics to be contending with me? Sc.M² 12 .

(o) where ? whither ? With téit: co n-at[h]comaircter nde cid ted, RC xiii 222.5 . cid nothēigid ?, ZCP xiii 176.8 . co fesamar úait . . . cid thége whither thou goest, Ériu iv 140.5 . ní fedar festa cidh rachad, Anecd. i 77.9 . cid lotar ?, LL 12826 . cid ghébmoe ?, BDD² 245 . Exceptionally with attá: d'iar[r]aidh fhessa . . . cuith a roiphi in ingen where, TTebe 33 (leg. cáit ?).

(p) In phr. cid tra acht, see trá.

Plural forms.

(q) citné, citni (prob. from cia ata n-é ` who, what (is it) that they are?', Thurn., ZCP xx 372 , GOI § 456 ). assindet sunt tra citné cumacte diandid cóir infognam what are the powers, Wb. 6a9 . citne gl. (sí . . . quaeritur) quae (gentes), Ml. 16b13 . cit né briathra robatar `what were the words?', 61b7 . cit né robatar `what were they?', 8 . asindet ón ciné (leg. citné? edd.) fochainn . . ., 101a3 . citni rig reachta . . . / robatar 'sind amsir sin?, SR 2347 . citni trenfir dotiarmórsetsu?, LU 10261 . cit n-é uisce . . . do-ríadhad?, BDD² 456 . ni fetar citne briga / mo dul i teach cor-riga I do not know what good there is in my going into the house to kings, Ériu v 30.2 . citni cenela na fuillet, Rawl. 69a29 . indis . . . dam . . . / citne clerig notrefet, / citne oic notndeirget, Three Hom. 110.16 , 17 . citne tire in geinseadar?, Leb. Gab.(i) 234.20 = Keat. ii 741 . Without follg. noun: citné foruar what are they which He has prepared? Wb. 8b5 . citne and dī rott eblatar?, LU 10284 . citn-éisidi?, BDD² 555 . ? citne in ferand?, LL 15993 = Todd Nenn. 222.3 (ceisi urrand, v.l. 223 n.).

(r) cisne (described as an `iarmberla', Auraic. 1308 ): cis n-é amuis ata chórai?, Críth G. 578 . cisne lesa . . . tascnat . . . ?, Laws i 230.21 . cisne tri leaca robaid?, v 450.1 . cisne sgéith sguirde caithche?, Ériu xiii 17.15 . cisne trí gealla nád fuilled . . .?, 33.28 . cisne tri horba doranaiter la Féne? O'Curry 2167 ( Eg. 88, 5(6)a ). cisne a trí a nemtiger cléirech, O'D. 2209 (Nero A vii, 144b). cís ní doghair oes eiscí? IT iii 262.12 . cia on cotagair æsa escai?, 61.18 = cis non dogar eassa uiscci?, Leb. Gab.(i) 264.13 . Exceptionally with pl. ending: cisneíd side ? . . . baes ┐ aneolus ┐ eitges, ZCP xii 363.2 .

(s) cis (see ZCP xx 372 , Ériu xiv 140 ): cis tána? ZCP xx 372.19 . cis n-dithle `welches sind Entwendungen?', 17 . cis duirn díolmhuine dlighther?, Ériu xiii 23.5 = O'Dav. 584 . cis dúar dían drongaighther . . . ?, Ériu xiii 26.2 = cis [i] duar etc., O'Dav. 883 . cis daghmaine domain dingnaith? O'Curry 2460 ( Eg. 88, 37(38)c ). cis rechta na gaibter a fiadhnaisi? 2600 ( Eg. 88, 51 (52)b ).

(t) Phr. cis lir how many (are) ? See Bergin, Ériu xiv 140 ff. cislir .i. cia lear no lin na sochaidi, Laws v 4.x Comm. cis lir tairgsin cach fine `how many are the . . . ?', 463.13 . gabála báise cis lir `the ways of folly, what is their number?' Tec. Corm. 14 (24.2) (gabail, v.l.). With follg. noun and rel. clause: cis-lir fir for a nasgar how many men are there who are bound? Ériu xiii 31. 21 . cis lir lanamna docuisin la feine? Laws ii 344.1 . cislir fodhla fil forsan mbron?, Anecd. v 24.16 . With follg. rel. verb: cis lir ata chóra[i] do ríg do giull how many (things) are legal . . . ? Críth G. 505 . cis lir congellait? Laws i 230.3 . cair cis lir dos-liad . . . ?, Ériu xiii 30.33 . Rarely with pl. -t: cesc citlir topuir, O'Curry 505 ( H 3.18, 257 ). See 2 lir.

(u) c(i)ata: ciata glinni con-daigi?, MU² 65 . cata cuir con-daigi-siu?, 72 . ciata builg itir ón?, RC xiii 66 § 67 . ni fedadar ceta inada . . . no indsechtais, CCath. 776 . Note also: cialín nasluag . . . / . . . ceti arbair, SR 7907 .

B As indef. in a variety of phrases.

(a) cía with noun: cia port i mbai a mathair wherever her mother was, Vita Br. 4 . cía baili i ffod as iatt sin / oidheadha na n-ócc eistidh `whatever place they may sleep' (reading i ffaoíit with note), Leb. Gab.(i) 188.3 .

(b) cía with vb. (conj. and prot.): cia tīasam wherever we go, Thes. ii 299.30 (Hy. i). cia bronntar indi, Críth G. 234 . cia taccra(i) whoever may claim (them), 425 (see 398 n.). cía denar cia therar whatever I do, whatever I say, Ériu i 227.5 . nocha n-érlai asin chathraigh acht cía térnai do rind gai, TTr.² 158 . a n-athair rempu cia thé `where'er he went', Ériu iv 100.2 . In chev. with adverbial force: cia bé however it be, LL 382 , 15039 . cia bia, Rawl. 137a38 . cia de do teacomnacair whichever it happened to be, Blathm. 98 § 25 (see notes). Cf. ciade gl. uter, Sg. 242a1 . ? is derb ní báes cia 't bera, Metr. Dinds. i 36.95 .

(c) cía with indic. of attá: cia bai dia chalmacht . . . bái dia nertmaire however brave he was, TBC-LL¹ 773 . niconibdis bandai cormmai . . . cia bith ara tecmainged dóib `they used not to drink a drop of beer whomsoever they might happen to meet', Mon. Tall. 129.19 . ( Ériu xii 209 ). cipia frisa ferthar tnú whoever shall be an object of envy, Ériu v 211.69 ( Ériu xii 209 ). cía búi de `whatever came of it' (cheville), Metr. Dinds. iii 396.23 . cía baoi dhe .i. gibé dobhi dhe, O'Cl.

(d) cip, cib with noun: cib cenél tra diaro scribad ind epistil to whatever people, Wb. 3b20 . cip port i ndēntar, Cáin Ad. 36 . Usually with cruth however it be, at all events: cipcruth bíid páx libsi etc., Wb. 5d33 . cipcruth tra, 12d24 . ni confetor cib cruth ind aingel fa dia, Blathm. 100 § 31 . See cipindus.

(e) cecip with noun (see Contribb. s.v. cech ): cecip maighean i raegbadh wherever, AFM i 30.3 . cecib tan tiostaois, v 1552.4 . tre bithin gona, no fiabhrasa cecib diobh whichever it was, vi 2024.5 . cecib nech tairisnighes iniort an coimdheadh, 2126.1 . cecip cruth foghabhtais, Hugh Roe² 86.2 . In follg. the use is strictly speaking interrogative: ní feas cecip tucht i tudchaidh, AFM iii 286.3 .

(f) cipsi with noun: cipsi aitt i loich dosfail, Rawl. 127a44 . cepsi cruth, BB 22b13 ( for cip c.¤ , Ériu xii 208 n. ). cipsi cruth `no matter how', Hugh Roe² 290.22 . cipsi mbith dáil for congra, Hard. ii 292.y . airlim n-eicne cipsí whatever it may be, Laws iv 92.z .

(g) cissí: ro geall Sir Persaual di sin cidhsi cor ara fetfad, Grail 1979 . case chruth i mbet, TBC-LL² 348 .

(h) cía bé, cipé, cid bé etc. with noun ( Ériu xii 208 ): cia bé a mmet `however great it may be', Ml. 61b28 . cipé leth tiasam, Thes. ii 299.42 . gidhbe an smólach ní chodhlann `even the thrush does not sleep', Duan. F. i 84.30 . cipe cruth, LU 3870 ( SCC 38 ). cipé rí bes hi Caisiul, ZCP viii 315.27 . ce-b e nech and do-neth . . . , PH 478 . cipé tan bud ríg tusa for Érinn 'whenever', FDG² 11.327​ . cipé a léire baistither in duine however devoutly, Ériu i 218 § 3 . gidh bé neimhdhéine do neinn, Dán Dé xiii 8 . cidh bé dhíobh staid, TSh. 3986 .

(i) cía bé, cipé etc. with verb: ciphéade (sic leg.) asberam `whichever', Ml. 25d11 ( Ériu xii 209 ). cipé da mbad áil etc., MU² 560 . céb é uabsi comallas frimsa hé, LU 9013 ( FB 76 ). atú ar bhaois gidh bé nach fuil, Dán Dé ix 8 . gidh bé ara geall, 16 . cibé labhras, TSh. 1781 . acht gidh bé éistios riomsa, Proverbs i 33 . gidh be ar bith bheanas ría `whosoever', vi 29 . Note also: mairbt[h]eim coich bē a dīe, Corm. Y 419 .

(j) cipé as adv. at all events , etc.: cipé gl. ubilibet, BCr. 31c2 . do gessaib ríg T. . . . / . . . cocad ruind co bráth ce bé `howsoever it be', CRR 54 . fiū cōicait cumal cipē, Fianaig. 50 § 27 . is maith liom a theacht gidhbé, Oss. vi 166.12 . ciphe de, BB 398b6 .

(k) cíabed, bad, beith etc.: ciabed ammet inna fochaide however great, Ml. 39a13 . cia beith a lin na noged however numerous the guests, Vita Br. 7 . ce bad hé frisa ndénte to whomsoever ye should do it (so Ériu xii 210 ), Wb. 9c24 . ciabadh hé richt a mbeith `in whatever shape she might be', Ériu xii 154 § 18 (TE). cebedh si maigen . . . a mbeith `in whatsoever part of Ireland she might be', ibid. cé beth da lánáille, ZCP viii 208.29 (but see Ériu xii 206 ). ge do beith do méit a tindenuis, Mer. Uil.² 146 . ciabadh e, Blathm. 96 § 20 , restored as ciabad de `whichever it be'. cia beith no co bia-so fó mebail whatever happens, LMU 10 .

(l) ciped (see Ériu xii 208 ): ciped techtas nech `whatever it is that anyone has', Wb. 12d41 ( Ériu xii 210 ). gip ed no raditís, TBC-LL¹ 152 . cipead dommaire `whate'er befall me', Ériu ii 90 § 16 . gibedh o ttíosadh whencesoever they shall come, TFrag. 190.16 . ciped mac díb no gabad gasced, TBC-LL¹ 1089 . giped chuin at some time or other, 3338 . ciped laa . . . forsa m-be notlaic mór (cidped, cipe, gebe, cip, MSS.), Ériu ii 208 § 28 . cip ed de at all events, CRR 4 .

(m) cid: cidh urrunnus nodleisead in t-athair `whatever proportion . . . the father is entitled to', Laws iv 60.24 Comm. cidh dergoine daon, O'Dav. 585 = cib dergona daon, O'D. 2199 ( Ériu xii 206 ). cid dusgní whatever he do, BColm. 100.9 . Cf. cidh ead dogneth hEchtair do calma imon Troi whatever brave action . . . , BB 433b24 .

(n) cid cía: cid cía bes inti whoever be in it, BColm. 52.21 . seanfhocal súd solus a chiall / ciodh cia do chum, Ériu xvi 132 § 2 . cidh cia ro chodail and 'san aidhchi sin nochur' chodail Didho, Aen. 873 . cidh cía donī, ZCP x 51.7 . na cionnta gidh cia 'gá mbeid whosoever shall have (i.e. commit) sins, Dán Dé v 13 . ? gidh cia frí senadh atúaidh, Duan. F. ii 166 § 44 . Note further: cia bad cia dia theilcfead (sic) sop, Ériu v 34.8 . cid bé cia thú `whoever thou art', TTebe 4720 . ciped chia díb nomarbtha artús, RC iii 183.8 . gidh créd do íar Aitheirne, IGT Decl. ex. 1377 .

See 2 cía and 3 cía, 1 cóich.

cnáim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cnáim or dil.ie/9712
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cnáimh, cnámh, chnámh

n i, m. cnáimh m., IGT Decl. § 41 . a s. cnámh, TSh. 6193 . d s. chnámh, Butler Poems 1478 . bone : intí dothuit foir con-boing a chnámi, Wb. 4d15 . ind feúil forsnaib cnamaib gl. ossa, Ml. 22d7 . ní ticed scís mo chnamai, 41d9 . ho aisndis inna cnamae, 44d3 . armu chnamaib, 58a11 . o ch.¤ gl. ex osse, Sg. 106a4 . seisid ... isin nerball go cnaim, Laws iii 370.9 . fubta[d] ... dia cuimgither cnamu, v 138.14 .i. brisiud cnam tic de, 23 Comm. dognid comrac do ... do cendaib a cnama (of díchetal di chennaib), i 44.4 Comm. im com[r]orguin cnama, 202.1 .i. ac tabairt a smera eisib do upthaib, 31 Comm, ? ni fuillend cond cnaima (sic), 102.24 . da chnaim gortai ┐ cethri cóidh . . . aiss (meaning uncertain), O'Curry 880 ( H 3.18, 394b ). cuímm ch.¤ see 1 coim. conna deochaid cnaim de friaraile hi talam (of diseased person), LU 9642 . srengais in n-ól don ḟídba chnáma jawbone, 6458 (TBC). a c[h]naim senbuide (St. Patrick to his tooth), Trip.² 1625 . adnaid in ben aithni fria chnāmaib recognised him by his figure (of long-lost husband), ZCP xiv 156.11 . dobeired a māthair criaid fo chnāmai (of Colla Fochrí), ZCP viii 319.33 . snám, léim ... / ... cluiche cnáma (in list of games), ZCP iv 468 § 9 . cnáimh gan smúais, IGT Decl. ex. 1076 . fithcheall ... do chnámh (: dán) (of bone as material), Butler Poems 1478 . daonnacht Mic Dé bhí / is cnáimh dár gcnáimh, PBocht 2.2 . cnámha an scéilsi skeleton of this story, Flower Cat. 353.19 . ro raith fothúaid a nnirt a cnám as fast as his legs could carry him, LL 22021 . adacht F. tren foa chnāmæ sech F. (do.), Corm. Y 1084 . in c.¤ i m-bel na con (prov.), MR 40.20 .

Hence body : ar cnaimh / do lecciud ind úir, Ériu xix 10 § 3 . aisiuc in cnamha, ... ┐ as é cnam atbeir sund rí báiter for srothuib, Laws i 204. 21 Comm.

With follg. gen.: cnāim bratāin, Corp. Gen. 121.40 . c.¤ cocaidh bone of contention, Ann. Conn. 1315.8 . an saorbhrugh ... / 'na chnámh spairnne aca, Keat. Poems 1572 . 'n-a cnáimh choingleaca, Keat. ii 1210 . gabhthar geall ag [na] mnáibh muile / re cnáimh coire, DDána 111.25 . no falaigead cnaime cuile / caine caíde, IT iii 78.4 . cnaim craidhi in fiadha `bone of stag's heart', Rosa Angl. 100.15 . do chámaib elefinnte ... dorónta na doirsí of ivory, Alex. 591 . ibar .i. ab ebore .i. ō cnaím elefante, O'Mulc. 700 . cnaim imoire ivory, Rosa Angl. 286.7 . cen ch.¤ lessi . . . do brisiud thigh-bone, LU 6530 (TBC). cnaim mullaich `top-bone', Auraic. 1825 . c.¤ smeara marrow-bone, MR 70.2 .

In compds. not always readily distinguishable from cnám q.v. With nouns: ata[t] .uii. cnamcoma(i)gh as sruithiu `fractures', Bretha 2B . cnamhcomach arna curadaib, Caithr. CC 74 . dubchrecha ┐ chnáimchrói, Cáin Ad. 46 (for -chnaí?). pisoca isin lepuidh .i. cnam cosait, Laws i 180.24 Comm. a cnaimeruic body- éric, L. Chl. S. 25 . pípai, fidli ... / cnámḟir ┐ cuslennaig `bone-players', Metr. Dinds. iii 20.258 . fosceird in cnamfros sin inde ... [unde] Cnamros dicitur , Dinds. 31 ( RC xv 333.16 ). dom chognam ┐ dom chnaimhgearradh, Ériu v 80.18 . béim ... crūadh cnáimletartha, Fianaig. 96.12 . an Fraoch ... / isan charn 'na chnámhluighe, Celtica ii 157 § 4 . cnamrébaidh, CCath. 2108 v.l. (-brétaigh, text). cnaimhrédheadh ... do dhénamh dia chnamhaibh la cúl tuaighe, AFM v 1818.13 (cf. cnáimredach?). in mac ... / bái 'n-a charnail chnám-rossa ... `was made like a heap of scattered bones', Metr. Dinds. iii 128.16 (see Dinds. above). spadumus, ┐ cnaimspetan bone-spavin (?), Celtica ii 38.94 . labrum anois don cnaimspedac (cnamspedan, v.l.), Celtica xvii 115 § 2 . ceol is cnámhthoirt `joints of meat', Ó Bruad. ii 82.12 . With adjj.: a dtrí muinéil chnámhaltacha, SG 307.2 . corp cnámharrdhachta, Párl. na mB. 37 . gomba cnámhathchumtha a ccuraidh, Hugh Roe² 336.8 . mac ... / cnáimfhéil meic cnó-messa (comic n. pr.), MacCongl. 34.5 . a[c] cruinniugudh ... na curp cnámgerrtha, ZCP vi 57.5 . cosa ... cnámh-loma, ML 120.10 . ima chorp cnáimhremhar curata, Ériu v 174.199 . ina chotchoibh cnamhroinnte, AFM v 1776.3 . With vb.: an lámh chédna do chnáim[h]theasg (of hand of Fráech), Celtica ii 171 § 56 .

comattrab

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comattrab or dil.ie/10773

 

n (attrab) (a) act of dwelling (together), inhabiting; cohabitation: ho chomatrub .i. tri buith immalle friu gl. cohabitatione, Ml. 47b8 . co nā deochaid anim i comatreb a colla diib `abiding in its body', Cáin Ad. 10 . nesam comaitribh, Laws i 80.10 Comm. (`necessaries of life'). nesum comaitribh .i. i n-aen muig, ii 90.y Comm. mā thēis nech dīb asa chrīch fodeissin do chomaittreib i crīchaib ailib, Corp. Gen. 138.2 . i comaittreb muintire Díabail in the company of, LU 2224 ( FA 30 ). hi comaitreib a corp ┐ a n-anmand (i.e. while body and soul were together), 2412 (H). a (leg. i, Ed.) cumt[h]us a comaitreib `in die Gemeinschaftlichkeit ihres Zusammenwohnens', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 26 § 7 ( Laws ii 360.z ). hi comatreib nāch hi cumascc doeine n-imdae, BColm. 16.1 . itche is téchta di cech Cristaigi . . . i . . . comaitreib nime dia anmain, LB 157a34 . is dubach a comaitriub (of Hell), ZCP iv 243.7 . ro cetaigh do Marcia comaitreib fris, CCath. 1162 . a comhaitreab na catcend, KMMisc. 315.16 . na rocraide do muintir [a] comaitriubh frie dwelling along with it, Lism. L. 2202 .

dechon

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dechon or dil.ie/14904

 

Forms: dechon, deochain, deochuid, dechoin, deochain, dechain, deochair, ban-dechuin, dechon, deochan, deochain, deochaine, deocán, deócháin, deochán, Deochán, dechoin, deochoin, deochain, déchain, deochán, dechoin, deochoin, deochain, dechon, dechain, deochain, bandechuin, deochain, deochain, deochaine, dechainib, archidechon, farci-deochain, archideochain, aircideachain, ban-dechon, suib-dechon

n o, m. Old loan-word from Lat. diaconus. It dates back to the beginning of Christianity, as the syncope of `a' shows (cf. lecca, scena, betha, ern- &c.). Oir. dechon with u-timbred -chi-, hence in Mid.-Ir. regularly written and pron. deochain. Cf. dechoid, Mid.-Ir. deochuid (and dechaid), with which it rhymes Fél. May 4 : Mochuae cain dechoid (v.l. deochaid, deochoid, dechaid): i féil Siluain dechoin (v.l. deochain, dechain); dechor, Mid.-Ir. deochair, with which it rhymes SR 4533 . O-stem in Oir.: n p. ban-dechuin deaconesses Wb. 28 c 5 (oldest inst.). Cf. a s. foracaib úasal dechon and, Lat. Lives 28. 9 (Eg. 97). farácaib intí Coemán dechon, ib. 28. 1 = Trip. 104. 14 . co dechon M., Trip. 204. 2 . n s. dechon, LB 277 a 12 f.b. deochan, Trip. 8. 6 . Deocan mac Domnaill, Cog. 36. 10 . In MSS from the 12th century and down to Keating the gen. deochain serves for all cases of the sing. and also for the nom. and gen. pl. (n p. SR 4533 . LB 122 a 8 . g p. SR 4889 ). a p. deochaine, LB. In Mod. MSS often deocán: 1 Timothy iii 12 (n p. deócháin). drong do deocanaib, Aisl. Tond. xviii 3 (early 17th century MS). deochán a deacon P. O'C. comarli fri sacartib ┐ deochanib, PH 2954 (if not = deochainib, 6012 ). In the gloss Lat. diaconus .i. decháin, Ir. Gl. 454 ( subdecháin, ib. 455 ), the mark of length is intelligible if deochán was the form used by the copyist. Deochán, then, dates back to the 15th century.

By Irish grammarians partly traced back to Latin ( Laws v 22. 11 . Ir. Gl. 454 ), partly explained as a native word: deochain .i. dedhe .i. baithis ┐ comna. nó deocain .i. da cain aige .i. cain re teeoir ┐ cain re nachtail, Laws v 22. 12 sq. (Comm.) .

n s. Deochon Aed i Cúil Máine, BB 112 b 38 , cf. Decoimet. Deocan mac Domnaill, Cog. 36. 10 . dechoin, Fél. May 5 v.l., cf. Apr. 13 v.l. LL 347 g 20 f.b. Thes. ii 309. 17 (Comm. Fiacc's Hy.). dechain, Fél. May 5 . Lat. Lives 28. 11 . deochoin, Fél. Apr. 13 . deochain, ib. v.l.; May 5 v.l. Laws v 22. 2 (twice in the main text); 22. 12 Comm. Mart. Don. Mar. 3 ; Apr. 25 ; July 10 ; Aug. 31 ; ib. p. 400 . AFM A.D. 1243 . ALC. A.D. 1289 . Keating. déchain (sic), Lat. Lives 21. 7 . deochán, v. supra. deachain in aircideachain, ALC A.D. 1361 .—g s. dechoin: féil Petair dechoin, Fél. May 4 v.l.; Apr. 17 v.l. mac Maine dechoin, Rawl. 141 b 21 . do chúch cach decoin, Laws v 412. 16 (main text). dechain, Fél. May 4 . deochoin, Fél. Apr. 16 . deochain, ib. Jan. 14 ; May 4 v.l.; Apr. 16 v.l.; Apr. 17 ; Aug. 10 . haue d. Odissi, Hy. ii 4 . fri mnái in deochain PH 7446 . Lat. Lives 89. 17 LB.—a s. dechon, see above. dechain, Lat. Lives 28. 9 . CCath. 1509 . PH 442 . —d s. deochain: ó d. co decan, CCath. 1509 . dun deocain, Laws v 22. 11 Comm. .—n p. bandechuin, Wb. 28 c 5 . deochain SR 4533 . LB 122 a 8 . deocain, BB 242 b 39 .—g p. deochain, SR 4889 . LU 5 b 1 . RC xx 38 . —a p. deochaine, PH 2524 . 2732 .—d p. dechainib, ib. 6012 . -anib, 2954 . deocanaib, Aisl. Tond. xviii 3 .

A deacon , one of the seven grades of the Church, ranking between the suibdechon and the sacart according to the Breh. Laws: seacht ngráid eacalsa...suibdeochain deochain sacart eascob, Laws v 22. 2 . The same order PH 2524 : rooirdnestar escopu ┐ sacairt ┐ deochaine, and ZCP v 499 . Frequently connected with sacart: is do deochainib ┐ do ṡacartaib dobertís dechmada, PH 6012 . sacairt ┐ deochaine ┐ sruthi na nIudaide, 2732 . ib. 2954 . Aisl. Tond. xviii 3 . — Opp. dictatóir and decán, CCath. 1509 . Translating Lat. diaconus, Ir. Gl. 454 ; levita, Aisl. Tond. l.c.

COMPS. archidechon farci-deochain an archdeacon : archideochain, AFM A.D. 1243 . ALC A.D. 1289 . aircideachain, ib. A.D. 1361 . ban-dechon o, m. a deaconess Wb. 28 c 5 , v. supra. suib-dechon a subdeacon . Old loan = subdiaconus: Laws v 22. 2 (v. supra). suibdeochain .i. ónní is suibdiacunus , v 22. 11 Comm. suibdeochain...fomámaigthi hé dun deocain, ib. 22. 11 Comm. pl. na deochain na suibdeochain, SR 4533 = LB 122 a 8 . na deocain ┐ na subdeocain ┐ na gráda ata ísliu, BB 242 b 39 . subdiaconus .i. subdecháin, Ir. Gl. 455 .

? deochaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? deochaid or dil.ie/15481

 

ind certḟichi a trí do Fergus | do Domnall cen d.¤ (: d'Eochaid), LL 181b20 = Arch. Hib. ii 48 .

éccráibdech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éccráibdech or dil.ie/19463

 

adj o-ā (neg. of cráibdech) impious (gen. applied to unbelievers and irreligious persons): do-deochaid ferg Dé forsin popul n-écraibdech, Trip. 58.30 = Lat. Lives 12 ( = in populum impium). int écraibdech-sa = hic impius Lat. Lives 61 . dona hécraibdechu ┐ dona hetrocairib, IT i 170.26 . trascraid...comtinól n-écraibdech na mac mallachtan, 170.2 . Iúdaide ecraibdecha, PH 5151 . amal rochlói coradu écraibdechu in domain, 1108 . láifither na hecraibthig isin tenid suthain, 6396 . 5014 . diumus ind ecraibthig, 6062 . oc pianad...na n-écraibthech, 5017 . ó bheith cráibhtheach go beith éagcráibhtheach, TSh. 1668 .

fúalang

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fúalang or dil.ie/24644

 

n o, m. frenzy, distraction, mental derangement , of a temporary state induced by terror, grief, etc. , never of martial fury; freq. used of distracted persons: nos-geb fualung ┐ dasacht, Aen. 792 (= saevit inops animi Aeneid iv 300 ). rosgab fualung ┐ dasacht, Aen. 1662 ( Aeneid vii 377 ), Aen. 2176 (in all cases of frantic women). doratad iar sin fualaṅg fóthe coro liṅg dar dua ind liss, LL 274ax . na hairrdhena ... fúalaing ┐ foluaimhnighe, BS 2 § 1 . ro linad in saer-miled ... d'fualang ┐ d'uathbas, MR 232.2 (= d'ualang LL 409aw ). faennēlla fualaing, MR 230.11 . co n deochaid E. ... for fualang ar a imomhon, BB 391a28 (= Dinds. 80 ). go ro líon dfeircc gur bhó suaill na deachaidh for f.¤ ┐ dásacht AFM vi 2360 . teacht uad ar f.¤ (of cattle), O'Curry 2328 ( Eg. 88 f. 25c ) = for fulung .i. ar dasacht, H 3.17, c. 637.39 ( O'D. 888 ). do leig spuir docum a eich ar f.¤ (ara f.¤ sin v.l.), Fier. 231 . mar choin ar fualang, O'R. Poems 2389 . Of intoxication: cf. cid dech do lindaib flatha | ebthair flaith lindai f.¤ , Anecd. i 14 . Of physical suffering: mar go bhfuilngeann an t-othar ... iomad fualaing tré ṡíneadh láimhe an leagha, TSh. 8234 (v.l. fualuinn, p. 494 ). ? caín feid a rosc rocheim inna chend síar | caín fúalaing fuither glaini sair, LU 8343 ( FB 24 ; apparently of Cú Chulainn's contortions).

1 íar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 íar or dil.ie/26931
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: iar, ier, iar, ar, iar, érsná, er, ier, iar, ar, iarsin, érsná, iarmut, iarma, íarma, iarmu, iarmo, iarmaib, arnam, iarna, iarnar, íarnar, íar, iarna, íar, íarconn, íarngaes, íarmblas

nasalising prep. with dat. Forms: O.Ir. iar, ier; Mid. Ir. iar, ar: iar, Wb. 4a27 . Sg. 161b5 . érsná súthaib, Thes. i 5.33 . er, Sg. 197b10 . er cul Peter Apstel, Thes. ii 289.18 . ier, Thes. ii 240.20 , 24 (Ardm.). Hib. Min. 420 (H). CCath. 3475. Leb. Gab.(i) 88.x . ZCP viii 108.9 . Fl. Earls 166.16 . iar, Metr. Dinds. iii 170.27 . AFM vi 2372.17 . ar, Maund. § 11. Fl. Earls 178.9 .

With article: sg. iarsin tairgiriu, Wb. 19c3 . iarsin chumung, 16c19 . iarsind urd, Fél. Prol. 279. iarsind aeor, SR 2134. iarsint ṡligi, ScM. § 1.13 . íarsin muir, Imr. Brain § 32. īarsan abaind, Ériu ii 22.20 . pl. érsná súthaib, Thes. i 5.33 . iarsna reaib, Laws iv 230.z . iarnaib ... bliadnaib, 176.5 . iarsna saethraib, ACL iii 10.14 .

With pron. suff.: s. 2 iarmut, Ml. 70c15 . s. 3 m. and n. íarum q.v. (used only adverbially). Later O. and Mid. Ir. iarma, TBC-I¹ 1455. PH 7121 , 5654 . íarma: (bliadna), Todd Lect. iii 154 § 3. iarmu, IT i 120.30 . iarmo, PH 4673. pl. 3 iarmaib, SR 4776. IT iii 70 § 23.

With poss.: s. 1 arnam crádh, IGT Decl. ex. 223. arn-am choimmeas, TSh. 328. s. 3 m. and n. iarna hiris, Wb. 5c24 . íarna míad, Críth G. 83. air na chruthughadh, Donlevy 58.27 . f. iarna beím, ScM. § R 18 . pl. 1 iarnar sóirad, Wb. 14c7 . íarnar n-imchosait, LU 8080. pl. 2 íar far toimtin-si, Wb. 20a14 . pl. 3 iarna ndichennad, LU 9018.

With rel. (no ex. in O. Ir. Glosses): in sét iarsa tancatar, PH 7036. na da bethaid iarsa fhognann ..., 3546 .

Folld. by acc. instead of dat.: iarsin mbaigse, Fél. Ep. 315 v.l. iarsin mbethaid sin, PH 4669. iarsna gnimu mora, 1399 .

I Of time.

(a) Folld. by subst., vn. or pron. after: mad slaán in ball iarna galar `after its sickness,' Wb. 12b11 . massu cut séitchi rocretis na scarad frit iar cretim `let her not part from thee after believing,' 10a29 . iar ndígbail in tinfith `after taking away the aspiration,' Sg. 9a16 . dia treise íar fócru on the third day after notice, Críth G. 84. iar compert din spirad naob, Mon. Tall. 127.11 . mairc damsa ría cách, mairg íar cách, BDD² 731. íar ndénum in brothchán do-bert a máthair dí, 66 . dósom ┐ dia manchaib iar n-a écc, Lat. Lives 24.13 . iar feis di la Eochaid, IT i 121.26 . iar tregtad a chridi na chlíab, TBC-LL¹ 2036. iarsin mbethaid-sin ... `post hanc uitam,' PH 4669. ar techtt do Séith o pharrdus mar a roibi a athuir fúair ar faghbáil báis é `he found him dead,' Maund. § 11. in tan ... at[c]onncatar na fogmoraigh iar caithem a shoighet é, Stair Erc. 594. an lá air na mhárach the following day, Donlevy 486.6 . in pāpa ar n-īc a ttinnscra the Pope having paid their dowry, Fl. Earls 178.9 . `on condition that': tug a anam do iar n-anmain aigi na oglach indraic co bas, Stair Erc. 2554.

(b) With various substantives denoting time: íar cind aimsire léicid Cormac ... `after a time,' BDD² 64. tuidecht i n-Érinn íar n-aimseraib cíanaib, Imr. Brain § 32. ticfa már-gein íar mbethaib `after ages,' § 26 . gabsat Érinn iar n-edaib (v.l. ndedaib)? `at intervals,' Metr. Dinds. iii 170.27 . dia ro goireadh O Neill iar ttrioll `who was afterwards styled O'Neill,' AFM vi 2372.17 .

(c) Combines with pronouns and some substantives to form adverbs: íar sin, íar sain then, thereupon, after that, thereafter: dutét iarsin dia chennadich `then he comes to his province,' Thes. ii 240.13 . at-chíusa íar sin sainslabra sainigthi remib then I see, BDD² 462. dogníthea airig doib íar sin comdar reachtaidi uile, 101 . deisidh C. ina suidhe iar sin thereupon , ScM. § R 13 . ní bu chían íarsin coráncatar tír inna mban, Imr. Brain § 62. ro fallsighed do cach ní no biad iarsin `all that would be thereafter,' RC xxiv 192.2 . íar sodain after that, then: scaraid B. friu iar sodain, LU 8155. conid iar sodain ro gab ina glaic, 9070 . lotor ass íarsodhain, Hugh Roe 20.4 . íar suidiu after this, hereafter: ránic Patricc iersuidiu `after this came Patrick,' Thes. ii 240.20 . lotar íarum dochum nAlban ┐ ortadar a n-orcain and, ┐ ath-ralsat íar suidhi dochum nÉrenn, BDD² 428. bá iar sudiu conacrad Ailill do Chonchobur, LU 8744. in cauradmir ... do fodail fón slóg uile innocht ┐ techt immi iar sudiu hereafter , 8214 . lotar deisell arnauárach go D.... Lotar īar suidhiu do cill Monach, ZCP viii 106.28 . íar sunn hereupon: is íar sunn doinscanat gráda inna flaithe it is after this that the noble classes begin, Críth G. 315. íar tain afterwards, then (may refer either to past or fut. time): ciasu iartain rocet `though it was sung afterwards,' Ml. 2b6 . gair biuc iartain `shortly afterwards,' Sg. 147a7 . ro soich in rí iartain dochum na hingeni afterwards the king went, IT i 120.15 . má adcetha Aircthech íar tain, Imr. Brain § 12. co ro thuismiset iar tain so that afterwards they begot, SR 2403. dús inn imgabaind iar tain | Coinculaind mac Sualtaig `um zu sehen, ob ich ... vermeiden könnte,' TBC-LL¹ 488. is and-side ro-m-adnaiced-sa fen iar-tain `where I myself was afterwards laid,' PH 1533. ro-ádnacht tra a dá ingen, in da noem óig iar cén máir iar-tain `his daughters, the two holy virgins, were buried long after,' 2565 - 6 . ba dércach trócar ... ernaigtech in tí Longínus iar-tain thereafter , 684 . ro scail Ercuil de iar d[t]ain `and then H. loosed him,' Stair Erc. 359. íar céin after some time: in chaingnímai aili is iarceín rofinnatar `it is after a time that the other good deeds are discovered,' Wb. 29a30 . ro aintadaigsetar iar cein | sil Seth ocus clann Caeïn, SR 2401. ri dorat Seth soer iarcein | d'Adaum inn-inad n-Abeil, 2009 . da-nid da leith don duine ┐ ni cluined co hiarcen `he would not hear it till long afterwards,' Aen. 1936. íarsind úair after a while, presently: is mo chendsa ceta-imchoichertthar and íarsind úair iter feirtsib carpat, BDD² 732. íar n-úair in turn: déca cach ingnad ar n-úair, LU 3605. do cach budin ar [n-]úair, 2025 . ni for amlesaib in tṡlúaig | ber-sa cach fordul ar n-úair, TBC-LL¹ 487. go smuainim iar n-uair Muire ar tonnaibh an taobhochta `then let me think of Mary ...,' Studies 1932, 433 § 5 .

(d)

(i) íar + vn. + gen. has the sense of a past participle pass. or, in ref. to future time, of a fut. perf. participle pass. The agent is introduced by do: hícc sochuide tre precept iarnar sóirad `after our deliverance,' Wb. 14c7 . iar nemfadbail fire daoine `when the tests of men have not been procured,' Laws iv 294.7 Comm. iarna breith `having been born,' Fél. Ep. 119. iar tarmthecht dún `after we had transgressed,' SR 1559. in ndaraig móir ... iarna beím dó asa fremaib, Sc.M² R §18. iar ngabail righe d'Eochaid, IT i 118.8 . ni boí occosom do chumachta a mbith beó iarna ndichennad when once they should be beheaded, LU 9018. íarnar n-imchosait do Bricrind after B. shall have set us at loggerheads, 8080 . in c[h]uid nār marbad dīb do bātar ar n-a crēchtnugad, ML² 386. ar ndol dó isteagh san gceardchain `after he had gone in,' TSh. 313. delb Iustiníanuis impir ... ar na órud ` gilded ,' Maund. § 8. ionmhuin troigh a-tá ar n-a goin that has been wounded, DDána 26 § 24. atá arna tionól sonna `here is gathered,' Studies 1919, 438 § 3 . in fínemhain iarna freacar `when cultivated,' Stair Erc. 496.

(ii) íar + vn. + gen. dependent on vn. has also the force of a past participle pass.: iar marbhadh a righ `their king having been slain,' Stair Erc. 738. ar caithem na mís sin doibh `after they had passed that month,' 1038 . iar forba in morgnima so do E. `after H. had completed,' 373 .

(iii) When the vn. is beith, íar mbeith means being: iar nembeith cethra nocho `when he has not cattle,' Laws iv 264.22 . iar mbeith ag teitheadh do A. `while A. was fleeing,' TSh. 999. air mbeith dhamh go tromdha, tuirseach I being ..., Donlevy 288.9 . ar mbeith F. uasa cinn `since Ph. was above him,' Stair Erc. 342.

II Of place.

(a) across, along used both of movement across and of position along (e.g. along the edge of ...): traigh a leithead tis iar n-ichtar along the bottom, Laws iv 112.4 . airtem a leithet a crui iar n-airthur `a fist with the thumb extended being the breadth of its fork in front,' (i.e. across the front), ii 238.15 . a crich iar fut, iar lethet in its length and breadth, SR 2640. do deochaid Moisi ... for teched ... | iar tírib, iar slichtib srath, 3735 . conḟacca Euá... | iarsind aeor do noebnim | tri heoin gela through the air, 2134 . oc techt īar fraīchrud Mide síar across the heath, ScM. § 20.5 . oc ascnom íar Slige Chúaland, BDD² 288. scéith ... co círbachlaib co n-esnadaib crédumai iarna tóebaib along the sides of them. TBFr. 40. foracabsat a lungai isin inbiur ┐ dodechotar iar tír, Lat. Lives 5.1 . conacci a dochum in fer isin charput íarsin muir, Imr. Brain § 32. dolluid Eogan ... iarsind ḟaidche, IT i 76.3 . dolinged míl mbec iarsin lind dochum a bél across the liquid?, LU 10598. saighet tenedh do thuidhecht iar fut Laighen across Leinster, AU i 476.7 . colg dét iarna chossliasait chlí along his left thigh, TBC-LL¹ 5287. clar airgit ... co n-aireccur ōir...fair...iar n-imechtair `along the outside,' CCath. 5232. íar n-oraib na long `along the edges of the ships,' TTr.² 893. robarta tond tūargabar īar tóib betha blāi, Ériu vii 2.25 . bleogan ... do lēcad īarsan abaind `adown the river,' ii 22.20 . a troigthi ar n-ichtur ┐ a n-aigthi ar n-uachtur, TTebe 3069 . d' faixin in chaislēin ier n-inmhedhón on the inside, Fl. Earls 108.x . 166.16 .

(b) beyond, on the farther side of: lodar ... siar co rangadar Teach nDuinn iar nErinn beyond Ireland, Anecd. i 18.6 . co rochtus iarum inis nGlúairi iar nIrrus Domnand, Ériu iv 140.15 . i Síd Nenta iar n-usciu, Metr. Dinds. ii 8.92 . iar múr amuig, i 4.35 .

íar cúl behind: a mbís iarna chúul dind séit `what part of the way lies behind him,' Wb. 24a17 . laech as deach fil íar cúl scéith i tír Hérend, BDD² 690. co cúala a ceól íarna chúl `behind him,' Imr. Brain § 2. ro cumrigthe a lláma iarna cúl behind her back, IT i 76.11 . ind raibi athcomarc lat iar do chúl ria tudechd húc `didst thou ask permission of those whom thou didst leave before coming hither?', Mon. Tall. 135.28 . cumma no ṡliged iarna chulaib ┐ ara belaib `behind him and in front of him', Ériu iv 30.6 . an droch-nós do bhí 'na dhúthaigh do chor ar gcúl `to put aside,' TSh. 359.

III Abstract meanings.

according to, in respect of, by reason of: iár fír ` truly ,' Wb. 16a7 . amal dondbeir do cách iarna hiris `according to his faith,' 5c24 . ar n-athir iar colinn gl. secundum carnem, 2b23 . iar ndoinacht, Ml. 17d3 . sech ba huaisliu intí forchongair iar n-aicniud `though he that orders were naturally the superior,' Sg. 161b5 . co mbí bés a thige and íarna míad, Críth G. 83. nad imdich dethbiri iar ndia ocus duine `which necessity does not save according to God and man,' Laws ii 2.7 . iar th'intliucht, iar do glanchéil, SR 1582. noda sloindet íarum iarna slontib fíraib, TBFr. 66. .ix. ngrad nime íarna cémennaib ┐ íarna n-urd, LU 1977. iar forcetul in apstail, PH 4179. ar sēna féin imm ar ndeilb cid iar fírinni bem though we be in the right, Mer. Uil. 9. bid iar cōir a ōegedecht, ACL iii 313 § 11. do for[ṡ]lontib Ulad īar coitchenn in general , ZCP viii 331.10 . gérbho soicenelach hé iar ccolainn ro bai soichenelcha iar menmain, RC xxv 390 § 3. do Fearaib Bolg iat iar ngenelach `by race,' Ériu ii 182.1 .

Of authority, source, etc.: iar n-arsidib `according to the ancients,' Sg. 57b1 . mad iar ceill Cirine `if after the opinion of Jerome,' Hib. Min. 291. iar foirinn aili `according to others,' BColm. 56.28 . iar n-Augustin, PH 6436.

IV= íarum: do haithleaghadh iar i dtriathfhuil Éirionnach, Ó Bruad. ii 144.18 . aithneas iar nár chéim crithre `then she learned ...,' 120.5 . Cf. iar .i. na dhiadh, O'Cl.

V Prefixed to nouns and adjectives, íar nasalises and has the meaning after , e.g. íarconn, íarngaes, íarmblas. A few examples show lenition, e.g. íarshliss.

For íarsindí see under 4 í.

immaire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. immaire or dil.ie/27678
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: imaired

n io, [m.] (vn. of *imm-air-fen, BBCS xxvi 447 ) g p. imaired, Laws ii 240.z Comm. (a) Forming a ridge or furrow: ro fromair iat ina rith ┐ ina n-imaire 'he tested them at running and forming a furrow (?)' YBL 173 b 11 , BBCS xxvi 447 . grādha do c[h]ur for gillaib (? leg. grád do chur for gilla(n)raid) | imaire eich gan aister 'the effortless forming of a furrow by a horse (?)' ZCP x 44.30 , BBCS xxvi 447 . erbi imme oc imaire fences of butter forming a ridge MacCongl. 37.33 .

(b) ridge, furrow: etarche .i. etartalamh .i. talamh is īsliu eter dā talmain ardae .i. eter da imaire, Corm. Y 516. indra .i. iumaire, O'Dav. 1074. ar niompódh don tseirrsigh ón iomaire go 'roile, BNnÉ 221 § 115. miach do gebta ina re de cech imaire, CF 73.9 . braich ... ocus cuictiges ... ina imiraib iar na cirad co tirthar `a fortnight ... in ridges after being raked till it is dried,' Laws ii 240.22 . glossed : .i. iar ndenam imaired di, ib. z 0 . .uii. n-i.¤ do fír-chainnind `seven ridges of pure leeks,' MacCongl. 89.11 . imaire becc ... imaire mór (apparently standard amounts), O'D. 2350 (< Rawl. 506, fo. 40a ). noch is cosmail risna himaraib ┐ risna eitrib beca cama daciter a ladh na mara deis na fairrgi da dul amach, Ir. Astr. Tr. 36.15 . cuire tú uisge air a iomairighibh go lionmhar `thou waterest the ridges,' Psalms lxv 10. Of the waves : conerracht in muir ... ina immairib anfoille, LL 219b36 . Of hair : a n-imairib ┐ a n-etrighib an fuilt, Acall. 4203 v.l. Fig. luath gnímhradh do gheilpheinde | gu híchdar a himaire, IGT Decl. ex. 1072. ataoi tu ag leimeadh as an iomaire ... ni bhfuil tu ag treabhadh go direach, no dom fhreagradh you are side-tracking (in argument), Luc. Fid. 294.5 .

(c) Often used as a division or measurement of land or distance : actus .i. tomus nó imaire, ut est actus is lugha a .iiii. do troighaib lethat a lair .i. imaire is lugha na in t-actus aderam 'nar ndeghaid, O'Dav. 117. greis .i. coisceim nó ceim, ut est imaire i forge hi pais, O'Dav. 1048 (on these two articles cf. Ériu ix 157 ). imaire .i. tír, ut est trí himaire folongat eclais De, 1075 . dorónai oifrend for cech sechtmad immbairiu do neoch imrulaid i mMumuin, Trip.² 2295. cóiced imbaire a athar =quintam partem de paternis praediis, 2255 . asbert Brenaind ... na deochaid riam o rogab crabud dar .uii. ni.¤ cen a menmain i nDia, Thes. ii 335.40 . rob e a nimmed connaroichtis acht trí nói ni.¤ do cech ḟir i nHerinn .i. a nói do móin ┐ a nói do min ┐ a nói do chaill, 298.10 . co fil cach i.¤ and taeb fri taeb fri immaire nEoganachta, Ériu vi 149.77 . bidgais Cúchulainn comma rossed dar nói n-immarib on Gull sechtair, RC xiv 408 § 20. naoi n-iomaire eatorra ┐ é, Keat. ii 5201.

In n. loc. vd. Onom. and FM. Index. Imaire in Aingil, MacCongl. 31.16 . int imaire fata, Ann. Conn. 1282 § 7. As proper name : ré carpuit Fearghusa, fris[s] [r]aidhter Imaire meic Chonnrach, Acall. 1315. Iomaire name of one of Partholón's oxen, Keat. i 172.17 .

mad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mad or dil.ie/31224

 

Forms: ma-, mo-, mu-, man-, mad-génair, mad-génair, mod-, mon-

adv. (a weakened form of maith, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 272 , Thurn. Hdb. 230 ).

I Well, fortunately , used as prefix with prototonic vb.-form ( ni mad-bui, Ériu ii 3.4 ; ni ma-bi, YBL 140b23 , from subst. vb.); in Mid.Ir. final d is generally dropped after neg. before a consonant, and ma- often becomes mo- or mu-, cf. dag ocus fó . . . so is mo . . . anmanna sin do maith, LB 93 m. inf. ( Metr. Gl. 3 ); also man- before a vowel (or lenited f) or d ( ni man-ḟacamar, SR 1346 , cf. 1858 ). Lenites follg. consonant: mad-chin, LL 369 m. sup. ; ni ma-chualamar, Fél. 48.3 , cf. ní math d'ḟerus baíg ( = ní mad-ḟerus?), TBC-LL¹ 3963.

(a) in affirm. sent.: in rí cain . . . mad-génair ó Mairi he was happily born of M., Fél. Prol. 251. mad-genatar á thimthirthidi (= beatos appellat servientes), Ml. 90b12 . mad-bocht it was well reaped, Hy. v 29 ( .i. maith ro boinged, Comm. ). a máthair mad-chin i crí was well born, LL 369 marg. sup. ( Arch. Hib. i 365 ). mad-gab nāsad noibrainne well hath he entered the assembly of the holy host, Bruchst. i § 108 = mad-gabh, AFM 870 ; do ghabh, TFrag. 196. mad-deochaid a ṡenchass his story has spread far, Metr. Dinds. iii 450. madochód i n-echtra n-áin well I fared, 120 .

Rarely with cop.: Félix ba mad tuluid he came well, Fél. July 12 (maitulaid, maith t. v.l.), cf. O'Dav. 1240. ba mad ladsaid it was well you went, TBC-I¹ 823 = bá mád lodsaid, LU 5300.

Exceptionally as attrib. (in B. na f.): mad re n-irtar cond sceo colt happy he on whom raiment and food are bestowed, ZCP v 486 § 6.

(b) usually in neg. sent. With pres. tense: ní ma-teit du rigi rand (any poet who does not observe these rules) does ill to proceed to evolve stanzas, Auraic. 2121. n[i] ma tæt fort beolu (such language) comes ill from thy mouth, RC xiii 440 § 12. ní ma-ráidi in focal, SG 348.1 . in ro-álainn cen céill | ní mad-aicci gréin dia len (= woe betide the man he cleaves to), ZCP vii 268 § 3. With fut.: lasanais [leg. lasin aís?] ón . . . ní ma-ricfe (that plan) will not turn out well (?), TBC-I¹ 175.

Most commonly with pret. or perf. did not well to . . ., often = would that . . . had not . . . (= Lat. utinam ne). ni mad-airgenus flid would that I had not prepared a feast! TBC-I¹ 532. ni mad-lodmar dō, 290 = ni má l., LU. ní mad-biadsam ar cono, Triads 236. do chath . . . ni ma lott would that I had not gone to the battle! BS 38.10 . ni ma-lotar luan for fecht, AU i 529 n . ní má-rulaid Loegaire cosnam cirt curadmír, FB 71. ní ma-tulaid co Connachta, Ériu vi 150.5 = ma da luidh, IT iii 202.6 . ni ma-tulaigh [= tulaid] Donnbo bare, AU 758. ni ma-rucsam ar mbāire, | ni ma-lodmair sec[h] Lere, | ni mar-gabsamar Eogan, CS 827 , cf. AFM 826. ní ma-frith in fáth forúair ill-found was the cause, Metr. Dinds. iii 324. ni-mman-ḟacamar do gnúis would I had never seen thy face, SR 1858. ni man-dernais da ḟled d'Ultaib, a Ch.!, LL 268b43 = MU 44.30 . ni mon-decha[d] budeine do chath C. would I had not gone myself, ZCP vii 309.27 = ni ma ndechus, Reeves Adam. 274. ni-mmun-aicces int ardrath would that the high rath had never been seen! ZCP viii 264 § 23. Folld. by another neg. before the vb.: ni má . . . na tangabhair fer gach fir dúin you did ill not to come a man for each man of us, ZCP viii 219 § 17 (poem of late 10th cent.).

II The combination mad-génair (3 s. pret. of gainithir) `luckily was born' comes in Mid.Ir. to mean fortunate, happy (for transition of meaning cf. Fél. Prol. 251 , Ml. 90b12 quoted under I (a)); mad-génair>mod- (mo-, mon-) -génair (-génar), and is used alike with a sing. or pl. subj., at first folld. by a rel. clause, later regarded as a pure adj. and used with copula or in neuter sense folld. by DO; rarely with neg.

(a) modgenair doss-uc well for him who has taken her, IT ii1 176.3 (oppd. to: mairc dosn-uc). mogenair bias co ndegarliud, RC iv 256 § 26 ( LU 2487 ). mogenair no bíad i rricht na mbratán, LU 3088 ( SG 236.20 ). mogenair duine doni don tṡaegul neimni, ACL iii 221.20 . mogenair crístaidhe no comaillfe, ZCP viii 214.29 . moghenar tuath . . . bias ar cul in meic-sin, Lism. L. 1853. ciall . . . ocus cruth | mogénor dian suidhiughudh happy he who is so constituted, ZCP vii 268 § 3. moghéanar as duine di happy he who is one of hers, A. Ó Dálaigh xlviii 23 . mangenar gairmebhus Brenainn happy is he whom B. will call, BNnÉ 78 § 150. mongenear fuair a beannacht, ZCP viii 230 § 13.

(b) with copula: is moghenar theit in turus happy is he who goes on that journey, Lism. L. 1559. is mogenar aga mbeith an ridiri sin, ZCP vi 100.26 . is moghenur bes co ndeghbésaibh, RC xxviii 322 § 52. is mongenar rí ros-beir, SG 249.6 . corab mogenair ga mbí C.C. 'na chara, BCC § 82. bá madhngénar . . . do chluin ina cluin sidhe happy would the man be who heard what he hears, ZCP x 339 § 13. With neg. (in cheville): rus-frith deabhadh, ní moghenair unhappily , Duan. F. i 17.21 .

(c) with DO: mongenair don ḟairind attrebait i[t] tegdais-[s]iu, RC xxv 248 § 28 ( LU 2673 ). mogenar don tí bus ríarach dhó, Lism. L. 2012. mogenair duit ro hadlaiced issinn inudh it is well for thee that thou hast been buried, Acall. 2609 , cf. BNnÉ 192.31 . moghenar duit it bhethaidh, AFM ii 1046.6 (poem). is mongenar dod mathair . . . a hēg remut it is well for thy mother that she died before thee, Aen. 2708. ma mongenar do mac Dima 'n-a chill credlaig if D.'s son is blest, ZCP vii 309.28 .

1 tár, táir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 tár, táir or dil.ie/40055

 

n o, m. and [ī, f.] (? orig. n., Sc.M² ). From *to-sár, Loth, RC xli 224 . IGT Decl. § 14 , §96 . Cf. táir. insult, contempt, disgrace, shame .

(a) gabsat a Coimdid do thair (: mordáil), SR 4677 . do-rat t.¤ ... forsin cóiced n-uile, Sc.M² 14.1 . ni haisc dot inchaib ┐ ni táir dot gasciud, LU 6373 . iar naisneis in tair ro srathnaiged air, Laws iii 538.13 Comm. uingi i mbanbeim benar fo thar a harmless blow struck (merely) as an insult, H 3.17 col. 630 ( O'D. 877 ) (=sár, H 3.17 col. 590 , O'D. 826 ). mo thubha le t.¤ mbriathar, Studies 1929, 80 § 8 `verbal infamy,' O'Gr. Cat. 463.9. táir is soillse slighe m'anman (of the two alternatives before the soul), DDána 26.20 . ionmhuin an lucht thug ón t.¤ whom He saved from disgrace, 38.7 . cúis fa dtug i dt.¤ mo chion turned the esteem I had into disgrace, 56.12 . d'Ó Raighilligh a-tá a tháir, Aithd. D. 30.16 . mairg bheirios tar air shaorchluinn, Ériu v 142.13 . fhágbhas ... fá th.¤ , TSh. 895.

(b) Frequently coupled with tarcaisne: t.¤ .i. tarcaisne, O'Cl. nirbo duthaig doib t.¤ na tarcaisin do gabail, Cog. 68.8 . do-bheir sé i dtáir ┐ i dtarcaisne bláth bréige na beatha so, TSh. 415 . tar ┐ tarcusal, Ann. Conn. 1315.11 .

(c) cen t.¤ blameless, irreproachable: is anart sroil, sreth cen tair, | eter in slog 'sin sanctáir, SR 4319 . Cf. 4617 . niamda isna tressaib cen t.¤ , LL 32a50 . da trasgrad gan tar, Ériu x 88 § 108 . da Tadg gan t.¤ , BNnÉ 254.29 .

(d) As quasi-vn.: nuchan urusa do tair (tathair, v.l.), IT iii 75.6 . dligid airrechtach a thāir (sic leg.) an obstinate person is to be reproved, ZCP xi 84 § 34 f. ní fotha gáis gnim do tháir, Ériu ii 229.11 . basa imdenach frim tháir, LU 9334 . Cf. ZCP v 503.21 .

(e) Various: ni deochaid Eochaid dar ár | fríth nech da lenmain co tar, LL 151b3 (= co lár, Metr. Dinds. iv 50.110 ). budh roidheithnios gráidh ar ngoimh | táir ar gcoimheighthios cogoidh `our violent estrangement was a trifle,' Studies 1921, 589 § 6 .

Compds. ¤biad plain food: táir-bhiadh ┐ tearc-ól, TSh. 2262 . ? ¤brath: tug fá a réir gan tárbhrath | cheithre géill a hAlbain `without blemish' Keat. ii 6382 (-turbrod ?). ¤bríg: ar ḟeis Temrach do tháir-bríg `for humiliation, in submission' (Corr.), Metr. Dinds. iv 182.10 . ? ¤chotach: tarchodach .i. olc, O'Cl. ¤deoch plain drink: tuir-bhiadh ┐ táir-dheoch, TSh. 8316 . ¤flaith: idir thár-fhlaith is fhíor-fhlaith ` bad prince ,' Content. xviii 118 . Cf. 119 . See tarb, compds. ¤gleo evil deed (?): dorigni thargleo tria brath (: lamdeo), SR 3015 . ¤gnó: torad cen tár-gnó `a harvest of unfading lustre,' Metr. Dinds. iii 426.14 . .i. tár, no tarcaisne ar ghné, O'Cl. ¤luad blame: días cen táth is cen tár-lúad, Metr. Dinds. iv 204.18 . ¤maeth: Áed ... nach tár-máeth `no tender minion,' Metr. Dinds. iv 204.30 (leg. tarr- ?). ¤théigid causes to blush with shame: iomdha foireann ... | do tháirthéghadh a thocht sin, Studies 1919, 256 § 9 .

1 téit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 téit or dil.ie/40447
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: tíagussa, tiagu, tíagu, nontiag, tiag, tiach, tíag, tíagso, tiagasa, tégi, thégi, notheig, téig, téit, teit, tét, dét, tét, núntet, tet, teit, theit, téit, téte, déte, theite, tete, dete, tiágmini, tiagmai, tiagam, diagmani, tiagmeni, for-téit, tiagait, tiagat, tiagat, tiagtae, tiagdde, tiagta, tíagair, tiagar, tíaghair, noteged, tarateged, teged, theigtis, notegtis, ercc, airc-si, teig, téig, teit, tēiti, téit, tét, táit, táet, for-tat-tet, tiat, tét, táet, taett, tiagamm, tíagam, airciub, arcib, argib, ercib, eirgiu, tiagat, tiagar, tíagar, thiasusa, tíasa, thíasa, tias, tias, tesi, théisi, thēsi, théise, tési, teis, téis, teis, théis, thes, téis, te, té, te, tēi, tias, tīasam, tíastaisi, thíastá, thessid, tiasuit, tiagaid, thíasat, -ait, tiasat, tíasat, tíastae, tiasda, tiasair, tiasar, tīastar, tíasar, tiastar, nothéisinn, thiasta-so, tíasta, notheised, notésed, tesed, -téssed, notesad, na-thiasmais, notésstae, nutiastais, tiastais, rigasa, annurig, ragsa, reg, regai, rega, mosregae, regasu, regaid, rega, rigas, regus, rigmi, regmi, regmai, rechmi, -regaid, regait, regat, regda, rigthir, regthair, regthar, rigtha, rígad, noregad, nandrigad, -regad, regtais, noregtáis, -regtais, lodsa, lud, lod, lod-sai, luid, luid-side, luid, luid, luid, luide, llude, lodmar, lotair, lotir, lotar, dochood, docoadsa, dochoad, docoatsai, -dechudsa, -deochadsa, -dechad-sa, dochūad, docoid, docoith, ducoid, dochoid, duchoid, dichoid, duchooid, duchoaid, ducuaid, dochoid, dochuaid, -dechuid, -dechuith, -dechaid, -deochaid, dodchommar, dochuamar, -dechummar, dochuabair, dochuabar, docotar, dachotar, dochotar, ducuatar, cotar, dochótar, dochuatar, -dechaddar, -dechatár, -deochotar, dochoas, dochós, dochúas, docuas, docúas, -dechvs, -deachas, digthim, dichtim, dachubat, doscuat, dacumat, dachuat, doscuchad, dā cubat, doscuet, decomad, doscuaid, dichuat, -dichet, dicead, digtith, díchtheth, -dechus, -dechus, -dechos, -dechus, -digus, -digius, -dighes, conicius, docui, cuissiu, dechais-[s]iu, -dechais, -digis, -dichis, docói, doco, dochoi, do cae, dodchoid, -decha, -dich, -dig, -dech, -dechsam, connicsim-ni, digsem, -digsid, -dechsaid, docoiset, do-coísat, docóesat, dochósat, dochoiset, -dechset, -digset, -digsit, -dechsat, -deochsaindsea, -dechsaind, dochōised, docoissed, do coisead, -digsed, -digseth, -dichsed, -dechsad, -dechastái, docoistis, dochoistís, -dechsaitis, -dechsitis, -digsitis, docoised, -dechsad, docoéstis, tiagasa, tiagusa, tégim-si, tiag, téig, tēigi, -teig, téit, tet, tēt, tiat, tēiti, teite, -tet, -ttēd, -tēd, -téit, -tiat, teige, tet, degas, tíagma, thīagma, tiagmait, -tíagam, teigthi, tegthi, teidchi, tíagait, tíagad, tiagat, tíat, -tiagat, -tiaguid, -tiaguit, -diagait, tiagait, tegat, ra-thaegat, tiagtha, tiagait, tíagait, tiaghar, -tiaghar, tíagthar, tiagar, tiaghdur, tiaghtur, notheighedh, thegaid, tiagadh, théiged, théiged, -tiagad, tégtis, teigdis, -teigtis, téigthea, teigthi, airc, aircc, airg, airgg, hērcc, ergc, tíat, téiged, tiaga, ēirgidh, tiagum, tīagmaini, tiag, tiagam, aircid, airgid, eirgid, eir[g]eid, tiagat, tiagaid, téighed, eirced, tiagar, tíagair, tīachar, tiasur, -tias, -theis, theis, -tiasur, teisiu, -téis, notéis, -tiasair, teis, theis, -tiasum, ratessemni, -tíassat, -tiagsad, -tēset, notēisinn, -tesed, -tēised, -tessed, -theissed, tesid, nothaesad, -tíasad, doniasadh, -toised, teised, -thíastaís, -teostaiss, -tiestais, tiag-, téit, theigsetar, ragasa, ragsa, rach, regad, reghat, regut, ragatsa, ragut, ragaid, regaid-se, regait, -reg, -rag, -rach, ragai, rogai, rage, raga, racha, -raga, -rada, -rado, ragaid, rachaidh, -raga, -racha, -rachaidh, -rachuidh, ragas, ragus, rachas, regma, ragma, ragmaine, raigma, régmait, ragmait, -ragam, -ragum, ragthai, ragaid, -racthai, ragait, rechaid, regat, regut, rechtait, raghdait, rágdait, ragdáit, ragtháit, rachdaeid, rechtair, ragthair, rachthair, ragthar, ragar, rachar, -raghthar, -raigther, -raghtha-sa, reched, notragad, ragad, -ragad, -rachad, doragad, noregadáis, noragdais, -ragdais, -rachdais, -ragtha, cor-rachtae, -rachtea, luid, luith, lauid, lud, luide, luidi, ludi, luide, luidi, ludi, ludai, laide, luidi, luid, luid, dolai, dluídh, ra-luid, -rulaid, -luid, lodmar, lodomar, lodamur, lotar, lautar, lodur, lodatar, lodadar, luiditar, lotarset, lotsat, dollotar, dolotar, tollotar, tulatar, ra-lotar, lodadar, luid-, lodma, luidinn-se, luid, ludfamar, luidhes, luidis, luidhius, lodsam, lodsamar, -lodsaid, -ladsaid, -lodsaid, luidset, luidsed, luighsit, luidhsiot, luidsiut, lutsat, luidhsidar, docuad, dochúadusa, do-cūadas, rochuadhus, -deachad, dochodaisiu, do-cūadais, dochuadais, -dechais, dochóid, dochaidh, dochuaid, rochōid, rochúaid, chuaid, -dechaid, -dechuidh, -deochaid, dodechaid, dodeachaid, deochaid, docuamair-ni, rochuammar, -deochabair, dochótár, dochotar, dochuatar, rochuadar, rocuadur, ro-digset, -dechatar, -deachatar, -deachadair, -dechsat, -dechsatar, docoas, docos, cós, docuass, dochuas, docuas, rocúadhus, -dechus, -dechas, dechar, -digusa, -dechus, -deochus, -decharsa, -dechor, -dechur, -dech, -digser, -diccsiur, -digis, -digis-[s]iu, -digese, -digsiu, -díchiseo, -dechais, -dechis, -deachadais, -dechasu, -deochais, -dechair, -dig, nosdig, rosdigh, -dech, -deoch, -dechsum, -dechaisti, -dighset, -diccsed, -dechsat, -dechaind, -digthea, -dechta, nodhighsedh, dhigsid, dic[h]sead, nódechsad, dheachsad, -digsed, conigsed, -digsith, -dechsad, -dechad, -deachaid, -dechasta, -digsitís, -dechsaitís, -dhechdais, téighim, teim, -tēigim, -teim, tiag, téighi, -téighe, -teir, teit, téid, téd, -teit, -téid, tiamaid, -téimíd, tiagait, tiaghaid, téighit, téidhid, téid, tiaghuid, nostiad, tiad, tiaghaid, -thiaghaid, -tiaid, tiagar, tiachair, teigther, tegther, -tiagar, -tiachar, -tiaghair, -tiachair, téi-, tia-, do-éi-, do-ia-, tiad, ēid, do-éid, chum, -teighedh, -theidheadh, théighdís, teighdis, -tecdis, -teghth, -teighthi, eirg, éirigh, téigh, téidheadh, éirghidh, téighidh, tiagar, eirgear, eargar, eirg, eirgeadh, eargadh, eirgeam, eargam, eirgthear, eargthar, eargaidh, dtéighedsa, —téidhe, théighe, ragat, rachad, reachat, —rach, racha, racair, raghair, rachaidh, raghaidh, rachaidh, —ragha, —racha, —rachaidh, raghas, rachas, reachbhas, radhmait, rachmait, rachmaid, —ragham, —racham, rachaid, rachthair, rachtar, raghar, —rachaind, —rachthá, rachtha, ragad, rachadh, rachadh, —raghadh, —rachadh, —rachfadh, —reachadh, ragtais, rachdaois, —raghduis, —rachdais, —rachdaois, ragthai, luid—, luid, roloduir, lodamar, lottar, lodor, —deachodhus, chuadhais, dechadais, —deachais, dochuaidh, dochóidh, docháidh, chuaidh, chuaidh, dechaidh, dheachaidh, —dechaid, —deachaidh, —deochaid, do cuamar, do-chuamair, do-chámar, do chuadhmuir-ne, —deachamair, do-chuabhair, do chuadar, do-chódar, do-chádair, ra chuatar, chuadar, do choidset, dodeachatar, dechadar, —deachatar, —deachadar, —deochatar, —dechsat, —deachsad, do-chuas, do-cuas, cuas, chuas, —deachar, —dighear, —deach, —dechuir, —dechair, —deachair, —dhech, dheach, —dech, —deach, —digh, —deacham, dechuid, ndeachud, —dighthir, —deachainn, —dechtha, —deachtha, —digsed, —diccseadh, —deachadh, —deachaidh, —deachmaois, —dechtais, —deachdís, —deachadaois, techt, dul, t., tiagar

(see Ériu xii 227 ff. , Études Celt. xxxiv 145 , xxii 204 ). Irreg. vb. with forms from various roots.

FORMS.

A. Early forms.

Indic. pres. 1 s. tíagussa, Wb. 17b18 . tiagu, 20 . tíagu, LU 4721 . nontiag, TBC-I¹ 241 . tiag is also used as absolute form in fut. sense, Ml. 58c6 . tiach, Sg. 210 marg. inf. ( Thes. ii xxii ). tíag, LU 10934 . tíagso, TBC-I¹ 1299 = tiagasa, LU 5769 . (According to Zeuss 443 , Sarauw, ZCP iv 86 these are imper.). 2 s. cia leth tégi , PH 8216 . cid thégi , Lat. Lives 82.6 . cid notheig , SR 3094 . masu ead no téig , BDD² 285 . 3 s. téit, Ml. 3a4 . 47a17 . 103d27 . 109a2 . teit, 24d30 . 27c10 . 67d24 . 94c10 . Sg. 38a1 . tét, Ml. 21c3 . nicon dét , 53a17 . dia tét , 56b1 . amal núntet , 77a14 . dia tet , Thes. ii 255.6 . dia teit , Ml. 100b9 . ni theit , SR 447 . ni téit , Laws i 102.4 . rel. téte, Wb. 9a3 . 9d5 . 20a12 . Ml. 28c19 . Sg. 30b12 . 92a2 . 129a1 . déte, Wb. 11d7 . theite, Sg. 114b2 . tete, Ml. 22b1 . 62b20 . Sg. 188a13 . dete, Ml. 93b12 . 1 pl. tiágmini, Wb. 15b28 . tiagmai, LU 4706 . cosa tiagam , SR 7968 . rel. in tain diagmani , Wb. 3a15 . tiagmeni, 15b28 . 2 pl. [ for-téit, Wb. 14c3 , see Ériu xii 228 ]. 3 pl. tiagait, Wb. 5c16 . 11d12 . Ml. 14a5 . Sg. 196a1 . cona tiagat , Ml. 51d3 . ni tiagat , Thes. ii 12.33 . rel. tiagtae, Ml. 125a2 . tiagdde, Sg. 104b1 . 119a2 . 120a1 . tiagta, 54b6 . pass. tíagair, TBFr. 260 . RC iii 345.15 . rel. tiagar, Ml. 15a2 . tíaghair, Hib. Min. 297.

Impf. 3 s. noteged, Ml. 54c18 . tarateged, Thes. ii 315.26 . tan teged , SR 4502 . 3 pl. ind úair theigtis , 1113 . notegtis, Mon. Tall. 161.22 .

Imper. 2 s. ercc, Mon. Tall. 154.7 . airc-si, BDD² 1445 . ná teig , SR 1152 . na téig , LU 6023 . 3 s. ? teit, LU 5936 . ? Anecd. i 10.2 . tēiti (with suff. pron.), TBC-I¹ 1591 . na téit , Wb. 10a15 . ? 9d31 (see note). The form téit in Wb may represent tét, which is to be inferred from the compds. táit, táet, for-tat-tet ( Ml. 43b11 ) and Mid. Ir. tiat (see infra). Cf. also Strachan, OIPG 83 and Bergin, Ériu xii 228.6 . tét, RC ix 484.14 . táet, 488.7 . taett, BColm. 74.22 . 1 pl. tiagamm, SR 3628 . tíagam, LU 4951 . 2 pl. airciub, Blathm. 90 § 6 . arcib, Bethu Brigte 8 § 25 . argib, Bethu Brigte 10 § 29 . ercib, Otia i 115.5 . eirgiu, ZCP iv 243.3 . 3 pl. tiagat, Ml. 54b12 . pass. tiagar, 16c5 . tíagar, TBFr. 14.

Subj. pres. 1 s. cia thiasusa , Wb. 23c31 . Irish Texts i 10.21 . tíasa, BDD² 1438 . cia thíasa , Rawl. 82b18 . re tias , Lib. Hymn. 167.185 (ACC). i tias , Rawl. 106b19 . 2 s. tesi, Mon. Tall. 136.17 . théisi, ZCP iv 43.23 . thēsi, théise, ZCP xi 80.16 , 20 - 21 . tési (with imper. sense), LU 5270 . rot teis , SR 1273 (but see Wortk. vii p. 641 ). ní téis , Ériu i 199 § 19 . dia teis , LB 261a60 . 3 s. ma théis , Wb. 14a14 . cia thes , Ml. 23d23 . ma (sic leg.) téis , Mon. Tall. 137.14 . arna te , Ml. 36a23 . arna té , 126a4 . forsa te , Thes. ii 249.9 . nād tēi , ZCP iv 43.9 . rel. tias, Thes. ii 39.25 . Cf. SR 1660 . 1 pl. cia tīasam , Thes. ii 299.30 . 2 pl. tíastaisi, TBFr. 413 . má thíastá , LU 4764 . ní thessid , 4809 . Cáin Ad. 27 . 3 pl. tiasuit (as imper.; tiagaid, v.l.), IT ii2 191.1 . cia thíasat (leg. -ait), SR 1845 . mani tiasat , Mon. Tall. 147.21 . cén co tíasat , LU 8083 . rel. tíastae, Fél. Ep. 470 . tiasda, Laws iv 144.2 Comm. pass. tiasair, ZCP vii 311 § 19 . tiasar, Laws v 320.11 . tīastar, Sc.M² 5.11 . ní tíasar , Ériu i 199.3 (tiastar, v.l.). rel. tiastar, LB 261b1 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. nothéisinn, Ml. 41d9 . 2 s. no thiasta-so , LL 284b14 . co tíasta , ZCP viii 310.16 . 3 s. notheised, Wb. 32a17 . notésed, Ml. 23b12 . 54a21 . ara tesed , Sg. 21b9 . -téssed, Thes. ii 310.1 . notesad, Ml. 34d6 . 1 pl. na-thiasmais, PH 5009 . 2 pl. notésstae, Wb. 9b19 (sic leg., note, but see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 654 ). 3 pl. nutiastais, Ml. 117d3 . na tiastais , SR 3407.

Fut. 1 s. rigasa, LU 3250 . annurig, Ml. 87b18 . ní ragsa , RC iii 346.11 . ni reg , Ériu iii 106 § 45 . 2 s. regai, PH 1378 . rega, 2328 . mosregae, Thes. ii 318.6 . ní regasu , TBFr. 310 . 3 s. regaid, Sg. 36b1 . Sc.M² 15.8 . nā rega , MacCongl. 29.5 . rel. rigas, Thes. ii 1.14 . regus, Irish Texts i 16.12 . 1 pl. rigmi, Wb. 15c23 . regmi, Fél. Prol. 291 . regmai, TBFr. 415 . rechmi, LU 3423 . 2 pl. -regaid, Lat. Lives 54.y . 3 pl. regait, Thes. ii 316.30 . 319.2 . ni regat , PH 6744 . rel. regda, ZCP xii 245 § 9 . pass. rigthir, Wb. 9a23 . regthair, Ériu i 44.18 . regthar, TBC-I¹ 1236.

Condit. 2 s. ní rigtha , LU 3275 . 3 s. ní rígad , Wb. 11a22 . noregad, Ml. 118b6 . nandrigad, Thes. ii 242.6 . -regad, Trip.² 1713 . 3 pl. dia regtais , Ml. 99b10 . noregtáis, TTr.² 138 . -regtais, Lat. Lives 58.5 .

Pret. 1 s. lodsa, LU 1351 . Ériu iv 134.3 . o na lud , RC xiv 400.13 . 2 s. can lod , 406.2 . ? lod-sai, IT iii 244.24 . 3 s. luid, Ml. 16c10 . luid-side (sic leg.), 55c1 . luid, 74b5 . Thes. ii 240.2 . 242.11 . ho luid , Wb. 3c37 . dia luid , Ml. 52 ( Thes. i 164.14 ). 55c1 . rel. luide, 127d3 . a llude , LU 10932 . 1 pl. lodmar, TBC-LL¹ 4114 . LB 215a70 . 3 pl. lotair, SR 3457 . TBC-I¹ 26 . lotir, LU 10575 . lotar (perh. rel., Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 641 ), Thes. ii 250.15 . 316.5 . SR 6666 . pass. see ethaid.

Perf. 1 s. dochood, Wb. 17d7 . docoadsa, 18d6 . dochoad, TBFr. 332 . ? docoatsai, RC xii 64.z . -dechudsa, Wb. 14c40 . -deochadsa, TBFr. 282 . -dechad-sa, TBC-LL¹ 29 . 2 s. dochūad, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912 xxv 439 § 3 . 3 s. docoid, Wb. 21a12 . 31d19 . Ml. 32d10 . 43d27 . Sg. 217b16 . docoith, Wb. 11a22 . ducoid, Ml. 63c19 . dochoid, Wb. 14a19 . 14c20 . 14d30 . 28b30 . duchoid, Ml. 74a12 . 84c9 . dichoid, Mon. Tall. 127.10 . duchooid, Thes. ii 241.11 . duchoaid, 1.14 . ducuaid, Ml. 65c9 . dochoid, SR 7753 . dochuaid, 2592 . Fél. Ep. 267 . -dechuid, Ml. 54d3 . 54d7 . 65d12 . 98b8 . Sg. 148b3 . -dechuith, Wb. 16c7 . 22b11 . -dechaid, SR 1720 . -deochaid , 2797 . 1 pl. cia dodchommar , Wb. 23d23 . dochuamar, PH 1580 . -dechummar, Ml. 63c14 . 2 pl. dochuabair, SR 1443 = dochuabar, LB 111b36 . 3 pl. docotar, Wb. 29a8 . dachotar, Ml. 38b2 . dochotar, 124c26 . ducuatar, 66c16 . do cotar , Snedg. u. Mac R 10.15 . dochótar, TBC-I¹ 150 . dochuatar, SR 1701 . -dechaddar, Mon. Tall. 163.21 . -dechatár, LU 8377 . -deochotar, IT i 74.4 . pass. dochoas, TBFr. 356 . dochós, LU 9743 . dochúas, SR 6301 . docuas, Trip.² 2171 . docúas, IT i 130.8 . -dechvs, TTr.² 833 . -deachas, Ériu xii 192.8 .

Perfective pres. (expressing completion of action and possibility). (Cf. Études Celt. iii 224 ff. ). 1 s. na digthim , SR 3203 . conna dichtim , LU 5180 . 3 s. dachubat ... doscuat , Corm. Bodl. 36 - 8 = dacumat no dachuat ... doscuchad , Corm. 38 = dā cubat ... doscuet, Corm. Y 1082 = decomad ... doscuaid, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 xix 318 . dichuat, Críth G. 306 . -dichet (: fichet, Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 3 . KMMisc. 212.13 . Cf. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 421 ). Thes. ii 292.19 . Anecd. v 29.21 . Ériu ii 118 § 52 . AU i 260.5 . AFM i 386.2 . RC xi 457.3 . Laws iv 122.16 Comm. v 272.6 . 388.2 . 394.5 . O'Dav. 714. O'Mulc. 759 . dicead, Laws iv 112.7 . 2 pl. connach digtith , Wb. 9b19 . Impf. 3 s. cona díchtheth , LU 4797.

Subj. corresponding to perf. Pres. 1 s. -dechus, TBC-I¹ 459 . -dechus, Ériu xii 156.9 = -dechos, LU 10644 . -dechus, PH 3123 . -digus, Goid. 101.11 . -digius, TBC-LL¹ 560 . PH 1570 . ZCP vi 259 § 1 . -dighes, x 339 § 16 . conicius, RC xxvii 274.14 . 2 s. docui, RC xii 70 § 40 . do cuissiu , LB 261a79 = dechais-[s]iu, ACL iii 319 § 75 . -dechais, SR 5951 . IT i 21.32 . PH 1564 . -digis, LU 9663 . RC vii 292.43 . -dichis, ZCP iv 45.2 . Ériu i 192 § 1 . 3 s. docói, Wb. 29a28 . doco, Críth G. 540 . dochoi, O'Dav. 683. do cae, Laws ii 242.13 . ? dodchoid, Ériu vii 156.7 . -decha (`lautgesetzliche Form,' Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 641 ), Wb. 28b30 . LU 6987 . Laws v 146.7 Comm. -dich (`analogische Form,' Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 641 ), Wb. 9d24 . LU 6180 . Anecd. iii 61.12 . -dig, Thes. ii 349.2 . LU 2079. 5178 . -dech, 439 . ACL iii 234.25 . 1 pl. -dechsam, Ml. 62d1 . SR 1549 . Ériu i 122.z . connicsim-ni, RC x 220 § 11 . digsem, BNnÉ 306 § 25 . 2 pl. -digsid, IT i 75.3 . -dechsaid, SR 1375 . PH 3052 . 3 pl. docoiset, Mon. Tall. 128.10 . LU 4749 (= dochōised, TBC-I¹ 261 ). do-coísat, ZCP xi 84 § 32 . docóesat, O'Dav. 744. dochósat, RC xvii 172.27 . ? dochoiset, ZCP iii 30.2 . -dechset, LU 5193 . -digset, TBC-LL¹ 553 . -digsit, Laws iv 234.15 . -dechsat, ZCP xiv 158.8 . BB 7a34 .

Impf. 1 s. -deochsaindsea, LU 5906 . -dechsaind, PH 3023 . 3 s. dochōised, TBC-I¹ 261 (= docoiset, LU 4749 ). docoissed, Anecd. iii 61.5 . do coisead, Laws iv 100.9 Comm. 104.12 . -digsed, Thes. ii 354.8 . SR 5623 . Trip.² 1268 . -digseth, 151 . -dichsed, Thes. ii 310.14 . -dechsad, SR 5643 . 2 pl. -dechastái, TTr.² 1819 . 3 pl. docoistis, Ml. 34a9 . dochoistís, LU 6752 . -dechsaitis, Ml. 42a6 . -dechsitis, 42a7 . -digsitis, Trip.² 174. 2870 . The following forms, indistinguishable from the subj. impf., are used in condit. sense: 3 s. docoised, LU 5919 . -dechsad, 9104 . 3 pl. docoéstis, 5370 . See RC xxviii 206 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 642.

B Mid. Ir. development of the above system.

Indic. pres. 1 s. tiagasa, LU 5769 . darsa tiagusa , TBC-LL¹ 481 . tégim-si, PH 1570 . The usual form passim, abs. and conj., is tiag: Anecd. i 4.15 . Metr. Dinds. iii 210.17 . Éigse ii 109 § 7 . ? téig, Fianaig. 68.14 . 2 s. tēigi, ZCP vii 310 § 4 . -teig, KMMisc. 260 § 5 . 3 s. abs. téit, passim. tet, SR 8048 . tēt, TBC-I¹ 2680 . tiat, LU 5775 . Frequ. with suff. pron.: tēiti, TBC-I¹ 1722 . ZCP iv 44.31 . teite, TTr.² 524 . conj. -tet, Rawl. 120a2 . -ttēd, MS. Mat. 581.18 . -tēd, ZCP viii 120.11 . -téit, BDD² 280 . LU 2146 , and so passim. -tiat, Ériu iv 104 § 51 . ? ni teige , Laws i 48. 4 Comm. rel. tet, 272.3 Comm. ? 140 n. degas, Auraic. 5552 (tiagas, v.l.). 1 pl. tíagma, LU 5112 . thīagma, TBC-I¹ 628 . tiagmait, Thes. ii 322.20 . -tíagam (in subj. sense), ZCP viii 313.3 . 2 pl. teigthi, TTebe 1316 . tegthi, Todd Lect. vi 61.3 . teidchi, Aen. 1838 . 3 pl. abs. tíagait; also tíagad (-ait, v.ll.), BDD² 223 . tiagat, PH 2119 . tíat, Metr. Dinds. iii 44.80 . conj. -tiagat, also -tiaguid, Laws i 266.6 . -tiaguit, iii 70.1 . -diagait, iv 386.18 Comm. tiagait, v 152.2 . ITS xxxiv 38.3 . ? tegat (perh. to do-icc), Laws iv 206.17 (Binchy amends to archaic pres. subj. -tésat, Ériu xvii 66 § 6 ). ra-thaegat (as pret.), TBC-LL¹ 5097 . rel. tiagtha, LB 261a79 = tiagait, ACL iii 319 § 75 . Cf. in tan tíagait , LU 8136 . CCath. 1077 . pass. tiaghar, Laws i 268.12 . -tiaghar, ZCP v 498.16 . rel. tíagthar ... tiagar, BDD² 735 - 6 . tiaghdur, Laws i 266.5 . tiaghtur, 272.16 Comm.

Impf. 3 s. notheighedh, Anecd. i 43.15 . ? no thegaid (confugit), Lat. Lives 87.5 . tiagadh, Ériu v 20.10 . In rel. clauses: no théiged , LU 8931 . ni théiged , Ériu iv 124.9 . -tiagad, BDD² 154 . 3 pl. is cumma tégtis , IT i 193.24 . teigdis, Laws i 154.x Comm. -teigtis, TTebe 2306 . pass. téigthea, Ériu iv 124.10 . teigthi, KMMisc. 158.163 .

Imper. 2 s. airc, LU 5094 . aircc, ZCP vii 306.18 . airg, IT i 74.15 . airgg, TBC-I¹ 1197 . nā hērcc , ZCP iii 227.13 (heirc, v.l.). ergc, Ériu ii 222.4 . 3 s. tíat, LU 5834 . TBC-I¹ 918. 1363 . RC x 74.12 . téiged, PH 4993 . ACL iii 225.9 . na tiaga , PH 410 . ēirgidh, ACL iii 5.4 . 1 pl. tiagum, PH 3756 and passim. tīagmaini, TBC-I¹ 941 (cf. use of tiag as fut. or imper. 1 s.; tiagam, LU). 2 pl. ? aircid, Anecd. i 5.16 . airgid, TBFr. 396 . eirgid, RC xxiv 196.5 . eir[g]eid, ACL iii 225.9 . 3 pl. tiagat, IT i 75.9 . tiagaid, IT ii2 191.1 (tiasuit, v.l.). ? téighed, ZCP viii 212 § 63 . eirced, BDD² 217 (-ett, v.l.). pass. tiagar, Ériu v 28.28 . SG 373.35 . tíagair, LU 8802 . tīachar, TBC-I¹ 254 (tiagar, LU).

Subj. pres. 1 s. ce bát é éc tiasur , LU 7882 . -tias, ZCP viii 110.8 , and passim. -theis (: mess), LL 148a17 . ní theis `I will not go,' MR 48.23 . -tiasur, TBC-LL¹ 5971 . 2 s. teisiu, Ériu xii 172.1 . -téis, LU 5271 . Metr. Dinds. iii 380.1 . notéis, ZCP x 47.24 . -tiasair, TBC-LL¹ 1175 . 3 s. teis, Laws ii 130.x Comm. cia theis , AFM i 408.x (in verse). -té, Ériu i 218.23 . 1 pl. -tiasum, PH 5349 . ? ratessemni, RC xxii 42 n. 13 (rot-ficbam, text). 3 pl. -tíassat, BDD² 177 . -tiagsad, Mon. Tall. 134.13 . -tēset, TBC-I¹ 164.

Subj. impf. 1 s. notēisinn, ZCP vii 307.9 . 3 s. -tesed. RC xvi 81.29 . -tēised, TBC-I¹ 595 . -tessed, Irish Texts i 11.12 . -theissed, PRIA xxx 262.16 . no tesid , Laws i 196.12 Comm. nothaesad, Ériu ix 45 § 5 . -tíasad, LU 6148 . Imr. Brain § 63 . doniasadh, O'Dav. 1501. -toised (? leg. teised), Rawl. 119a23 . 3 pl. -thíastaís, LU 8813 and passim. ? -teostaiss, ACL iii 326.9 . -tiestais, Hugh Roe 296.11 .

The following may be exx. of a pret. formed from tiag-, téit: ra theigsetar na sluaig imme da dib lethib, co torchair accu, TBC-LL¹ 4456 (tangatar, v.l.). Cf. CRR 36.13 . dobert ... beim ... do Ch. gur teig lāmh na lainne dā lethtaoibh, ZCP xiv 233.1 . Cf. taod .i. dul, do thaod uainn .i. do chuaidh uainn, O'Cl.

Fut. 1 s. ragasa, Fél.² lxxxiv.y . ragsa, TBC-I¹ 463 . TBC-LL¹ 993 . rach, LL 148a18 . regad, TBC-I¹ 509 . reghat, ACL iii 309.9 . regut, Lat. Lives 89.8 . ragatsa, LU 1493 . ragut, PH 1814 . ragaid, RC iii 346.31 . regaid-se ... regait, ZCP xiii 176.17 . -reg, ACL iii 309.18 . -rag, TBC-I¹ 1244 . BColm. 80.3 . Anecd. iii 59.4 . -rach, ZCP viii 552.11 . TTebe 3982 . 2 s. ragai, BDD² 284 . rogai, Mon. Tall. 154.2 . rage, Lat. Lives 60.9 . raga, BDD² 1428 . racha, ACL iii 222.8 . ZCP vii 306.12 . -raga, Mon. Tall. 153.z . PH 1821 . RC iii 185.7 . -rada, ZCP xiii 256.7 . -rado, 11 . 3 s. ragaid, BDD² 1248 . IT i 132.10 . PH 4673 . rachaidh, Laws i 138.10 Comm. -raga, SR 6427 . BDD² 413 . PH 6906 . Ériu ii 202 § 20 . -racha, TTebe 1143 . -rachaidh, H 3.18, 224a ( O'Curry 403 ). -rachuidh, Laws ii 76.18 Comm. rel. ragas, LU 3925 . TBC-LL¹ 792 . ragus, PH 3813 . rachas, Laws iii 228.x Comm. 1 pl. regma, ZCP iv 46.16 . Anecd. i 2.9 . ragma, BDD² 256 . ragmaine, LU 5396 . raigma, LL 122b39 . régmait, IT i 73.10 (ragmaini, v.l.). ragmait, TBC-I¹ 919 . PH 2037 . CRR 28.21 . -ragam, LU 4768. 8079 . -ragum, PH 1838 . 2 pl. ragthai, TTr. 1632 . PH 1839 . ? ragaid, RC iii 346.31 . -racthai, TTr. 1773 . 3 pl. ragait, PH 3591 . rechaid, ZCP xii 393.13 . regat, Lib. Hymn. 102.52 . regut, PH 991 . rechtait, 6401 . raghdait, TTr.² 1753 . rágdait, PH 5014 . ragdáit, FDG 383 . ragtháit, RC xxii 304 n. 13 . rachdaeid, ACL iii 237 § 31 . pass. rechtair, RC xxvi 374.1 . ragthair, BB 439a34 . rachthair, TBC-LL¹ 3448 . ragthar, LU 5711 . RC viii 154 § 5 . ragar, Todd Nenn. 88.5 . rachar, Ériu iv 17 § 3 . -raghthar, Sc.M² 19.35 . -raigther, Ériu v 240.121 .

Condit. 2 s. -raghtha-sa, BColm. 46.24 . 3 s. no reched , BB 497a21 . notragad, LU 5209 . no ragad , 8833 . ACL iii 5.29 . -ragad, SR 3132 . LU 8259 . -rachad, IT i 271.27 . doragad, CRR 24.17 . TTebe 1072 . 3 pl. noregadáis, TTr.² 1097 . noragdais, SR 4724 . -ragdais, ZCP viii 110 § 7 . -rachdais, IT i 118.13 . pass. -ragtha, BDD² 426 . TTr. 1904 . cor-rachtae, RC xxi 156 § 15 . ? -rachtea, ZCP x 44.4 .

Pret. 3 s. luid, PH 6286 . RC xxiv 184.12 . MacCarthy 422.y , etc. luith, Lat. Lives 23.3 . lauid, BColm. 18.25 . lud, PH 1048 . With redundant suff. pron. luide, BDD² 1447 . luidi, ACL iii 3.15 . ludi, LU 6150 . rel. luide, SG 396.21 . luidi, SR 3143 . ludi, ZCP iii 206.3 . ludai, Arch. Hib. iv 205 § 10 . laide, IT i 139.13 = luidi, 30 . luid, TBC-LL¹ 3605 . Laws iii 532.11 . With do- (in contexts where the meaning is evidently ` went '): do luid , RC xxiv 196.13 . BCC 424.21 . ZCP x 289.11 . ? dolai, Lec. 221b4 . ? dluídh, BB 234a19 . With ro-: ra-luid, CRR 36.4 . TBC-LL¹ 3251 . 4735 . -rulaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 266.19 . 306.26 . -luid, RC ix 452.8 . LL 210a40 , etc. 1 pl. lodmar, RC vii 290.6 . lodomar, LU 3056 . lodamur, Lism. L. 3817 . 3 pl. lotar, PH 2162 . TBC-LL¹ 1227 , etc. lautar, ZCP viii 105.8 . lodur, x 289.11 . lodatar, TBC-LL¹ 645 . lodadar, RC xxvi 164.21 . luiditar, ZCP iii 19 § 19 . lotarset, 248.29 (lotursat, v.l.). lotsat, BDC 118.215 . With do-: dollotar, TTr.² 1679 . dolotar, Ériu iii 142.243 . tollotar, 136.32 . tulatar, 142.238 . With ro-: ra-lotar, CRR 12.12 . ? With no-: no lodadar , Ériu ii 20 § 3.

The stem luid- is also used in Mid. and Early Mod. Ir. to form a regular verb with f-fut., s-pret. etc. pres. 1 pl. lodma, TBC-LL¹ 1801 (teigim, v.ll.). impf. 1 s. ra luidinn-se , Ériu i 72 § 3 . imper. 2 s. luid, MacCongl. 53.13 . fut. 1 pl. ludfamar, RC xiv 412.19 . pret. 1 s. do luidhes , ZCP viii 219 § 13. 3 s. luidis, SR 2929 . Rawl. 82b27 . Metr. Dinds. iii 156.15 . luidhius, MR 320.6 . 1 pl. lodsam, RC vii 302 § 201 . lodsamar, 304 § 213 . 2 pl. -lodsaid, LU 5300 = -ladsaid, TBC-I¹ 823 . -lodsaid, LU 5347 = TBC-I¹ 870 . 3 pl. luidset, IT i 41.8 . Leb. Gab.(i) 50.11 . luidsed, ZCP viii 274.11 . luighsit, BNnÉ 183.3 . luidhsiot, 292 § 8 . AFM i 94.9 . luidsiut, Leb. Gab.(i) 12.2 . lutsat, 96.12 . luidhsidar, Fianaig. 54.17 .

Perf. 1 s. docuad, BNnÉ 300.z . dochúadusa, LU 3726 . do-cūadas, Sc.M² 10.6 . rochuadhus, TTebe 1050 . -deachad, ZCP xiii 176.21 . 2 s. dochodaisiu (sic leg.), TBC-LL¹ p. 587 n. l. 6 . do-cūadais, Sc.M² 9.10 . dochuadais, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912 xxv 439 § 7 . -dechais, Sc.M² 12.x (Eg.). -dechadais, PH 1547 . 3 s. dochóid, PH 2431 and passim. dochaidh, BB 56b36 . dochuaid, Ériu iii 196 § 13 and passim. rochōid, 196 § 18 . rochúaid, LU 829 . ro chuaid , LL 160a32 . -dechaid, ACL iii 304 II § 3 . -dechuidh, Laws ii 142.13 and passim. -deochaid , LU 9044 . Laws iv 300.6 . Cf. dodechaid, TTr.² 445 . dodeachaid, TTebe 348 . do deochaid , Laws iv 98.16 Comm. In these exx. the context indicates the meaning `has gone' rather than that of `has come.' 1 pl. docuamair-ni, ZCP vii 308.6 . rochuammar, RC vii 296.1 . 2 pl. -deochabair, ZCP xiii 176.10 . 3 pl. dochótár, LU 8265 . dochotar, PH 3717 . dochuatar, TBC-LL¹ 4337 . rochuadar, Laws iv 192.4 Comm. rocuadur, CCath. 1995 . Cf. ro-digset, PH 928 . -dechatar, 3944 . -deachatar, CCath. 5501 . -deachadair, AU ii 182.6 . -dechsat, PH 7224 . Lat. Lives 76.8 -dechsatar, PH 2476 . pass. docoas, Ériu ii 140 § 146 . docos, Aen. 406 . Todd Nenn. 88.7 . do cós , AFM ii 672.11 . docuass, Anecd. iii 40.24 . dochuas, 66.24 . docuas, Ériu iv 104 § 51 v.l. rocúadhus, CCath. 2397 . -dechus, Ériu iv 118 § 37. -dechas, Irish Texts i 3 § 7.

Subj. corresponding to the perf. Pres. 1 s. cia ... dechar , Anecd. i 77.10 . -digusa, RC viii 150.z . -dechus, TBC-I¹ 1304 . -deochus, LU 5774 . -decharsa, TBC-I¹ 3576 . -dechor, RC xxvii 280.16 . -dechur, ZCP i 105.3 . -dech, PH 7007 . -digser, Lism. L. 3738 = -diccsiur, BNnÉ 53 § 47 . 2 s. -digis, RC viii 154.20 . -digis-[s]iu (sic leg.), PH 2327 . -digese, TTr.² 1455 . -digsiu, Three Hom. 74.y . -díchiseo, TTr.² 99 . -dechais, LL 286b19 . -dechis, Ériu iii 108 § 52 . -deachadais, Ériu xii 148.12 . -dechasu, Lat. Lives 60.8 . -deochais, Anecd. iii 29.21 . -dechair, TTebe 3985 . Aen. 796 . 3 s. -dig, YBL 318ay . TBC-LL¹ 986 . ? nosdig, Lec. 27d43 = rosdigh, 11c17 . -dech, Fen. 356.19 . Marco P. 110 . -deoch, TBC-LL¹ 879 . 1 pl. -dechsum, CRR 22.8 . 2 pl. -dechaisti, TTr. 1774 . 3 pl. -dighset, ZCP ix 139.7 . -diccsed, Laws iv 118.z Comm. -dechsat, i 106.32 Comm.

Impf. 1 s. -dechaind, TBC-LL¹ 2209 (see note). 2 s. -digthea, PH 2419 . -dechta, Lat. Lives 96.8 . 3 s. nodhighsedh, Marco P. 51 . no dhigsid , TFrag. 136.20 . no dic[h]sead , Laws iv 110.y Comm. nódechsad, TTr.² 443 . nó dheachsad , RC xxv 398 § 17 . -digsed, ii 396 § 30 . conigsed, xvi 151.11 . -digsith, Lat. Lives 47.10 . -dechsad, PH 2937 , etc. -dechad, RC xxiv 44 § 2 . -deachaid (? with ending of indic.), ZCP viii 109.1 . pass. -dechasta, Ériu iv 126.14 . 3 pl. -digsitís, PH 5408 . -dechsaitís, TTr.² 687 . -dhechdais, ZCP v 501.z . TBC-LL¹ 259 n. 2 .

C Early Modern forms.

Indic. pres. 1 s. téighim, IGT Decl. ex. 702 . Content. xxi 7 . teim, ZCP vi 48.z . -tēigim, 263 § 10 . -teim, Luc. Fid. 324.10 . The old form tiag (in fut. sense) is common in FDG, e.g. 268 , 388 , 747 . 2 s. téighi, IGT Decl. ex. 653 . ML² 471 . -téighe, IGT Decl. ex. 1155 . BNnÉ 32 § 45 . -teir, Luc. Fid. 291.22 . 3 s. teit, FDG 68 . Ir. Astr. Tr. 158.7 . téid, Content. xiv 12 . Keat. i 72.87 , and passim. téd, Hy Fiach. 332.8 . -teit, Ir. Astr. Tr. 122.28 . -téid, Dán Dé xvi 11 . TSh. 3042 , and passim. 1 pl. tiamaid, TSh. 5286 . -téimíd, 2397 . 3 pl. tiagait, Marco P. 148 . tiaghaid, Keat. i 200.50 . téighit, Fl. Earls 180.30 . 190.19 . téidhid, Keat. i 202.20 ( téid siad, tiaghuid, MSS.). nostiad, Leb. Gab.(i) 108.13 . tiad, TD 16.36 . DDána 45.10 . This is the usual form in syll. verse, but note tiaghaid, DDána 75.23 . -thiaghaid, TSh. 4783 . -tiaid, Ó Bruad. ii 4.20 . -téid siad, TSh. 944 . pass. tiagar, Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 2 . tiachair, TD 10.19 . IGT Decl. ex. 407 . teigther, Maund. 46 . tegther, 91 . -tiagar, MR 120.17 . -tiachar, DDána 27a.2 . -tiaghair, TD 29.5 . Studies 1924, 86 § 6 . -tiachair, 1928, 268 § 18 .

In syll. verse téi-, tia- may become do-éi-, do-ia- (except tiad), and may take conjunct endings, IGT cited Aithd. D. Gloss. Cf. 3 s. da ēid , ACL iii 237 § 22 . do-éid, DDána 98.31 .

Impf. 1 s. chum a déinsi, TD 22.8 . 3 s. -teighedh, Marco P. 89 . -theidheadh, Keat. i 208.23 . 3 pl. théighdís, Aithd. D. 98.14 . do teighdis , Maund. 16 . ? -tecdis (perh. to do-icc), Ann. Conn. 1252.9 . pass. -teghth, AFM iii 346.4 . -teighthi, Stair Erc. 1749.

Imper. 2 s. eirg, DDána 68.28 . Dán Dé i 5 . éirigh, TSh. 5048 . téigh, Gen. xvi 2 . 3 s. téidheadh, Keat. i 48.65 . 2 pl. éirghidh, ii 5642 . téighidh, DDána 29.28 . pass. tiagar, ITS v 66.19 .

IGT (cited Ériu xii 228 n. 3 and Aithd. D. Gloss. ) give the following: 1 s. eirgear eargar. 2 s. eirg. 3 s. eirgeadh eargadh. 1 pl. eirgeam eargam. pass. eirgthear eargthar. But exx. are given only for 2 s. and 2 pl. (eirg, eargaidh).

Subj. pres. and impf. The s-subj. is superseded by forms of the subj. corresponding to the perf., see infra. Cf. 1 s. co dtéighedsa , SG 290.19 , 3 s. —téidhe, Dán Dé ix 15 , ní théighe , Aithd. D. 20.30 , which are formed on the indic. pres. as in spoken Ir.

Fut. 1 s. ragat, Fl. Earls 206.24 . rachad, TSh. 8836 . reachat, Laud 610, 24a10 . —rach, Dán Dé ix 3 . Caithr. CC 43.34 . 2 s. racha, DDána 74.41 . racair, Laud 610, 24ay . raghair, Fl. Earls 206.24 . rachaidh (sic leg.) tú, BNnÉ 275 § 254 . 3 s. raghaidh, BS 150.15 . DDána 15.13 . rachaidh, Keat. ii 5587 . DDána 7.4 . —ragha, TSh. 4456 . Content. ix 6 . —racha, TSh. 2826 . PBocht 24.20 . —rachaidh, TSh. 2363 . Donlevy ix 30 . rel. raghas, BS 6.z . rachas, Oss. iv 8.z . Dán Dé x 31 . reachbhas, Luc. Fid. 364.11 . 1 pl. radhmait, Cog. 130.z . rachmait, Marco P. 175 . rachmaid, RC xxvi 164.4 . —ragham, Dán Dé viii 7 . —racham, Content. vi 241 . 3 pl. rachaid, TSh. 4311 . pass. rachthair, DDána 43.3 . rachtar, TSh. 4464 . raghar, Dán Dé xxv 46 . Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 2 .

Condit. 1 s. —rachaind, ZCP vi 48.15 . 2 s. —rachthá, Desid. 4449 . do rachtha , Mac Aingil 36.13 . 3 s. no ragad , Cog. 50.9 . do rachadh , TSh. 5545 . DDána 6.15 . rachadh (rel.), Donlevy 358.23 . —raghadh, PBocht 23.37 . Desid. 3515 . —rachadh, BNnÉ 322 § 28 . TD 27.32 . —rachfadh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 605 . —reachadh, Luc. Fid. 367.1 . 3 pl. do ragtais , Ann. Conn. 1235.14 = ALC i 326.21 . do rachdaois , Luc. Fid. 36.10 . TD 7 26 . —raghduis, ZCP xiii 180.9 . —rachdais, BCC 122.36 . —rachdaois, TSh. 5309 . pass. ro ragthai , Cog. 208.2 .

Pret. and perf. The past tense in Early Mod. Ir. is supplied by the perf. of O. and Mid. Ir., forms of luid— occurring only sporadically as archaisms in a few Early Mod. texts. 3 s. du luid , Ann. Conn. 1225.17 . roloduir, Stair Erc. 1223 . do lodamar , ITS iii 22.2 . 3 pl. lottar, Cog. 28.y . lodor, Keat. i 182.39 (in verse). dolotar, BCC 338.30 (in verse).

1 s. —deachodhus, Aithd. D. 10.10 . 2 s. do chuadhais , Dán Dé ix 18 . do dechadais , ZCP iv 390.9 . MR 34.4 . —deachais, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1597 . 3 s. dochuaidh, Keat. ii 1587 . Aithd. D. 1.3 , and passim. dochóidh, Maund. 31 . AFM vi 2162.z . Aithd. D. 10.40 . PBocht 5.39 . docháidh, Keat. ii 1389 (in verse). Ó Bruad. i 32 . Dán Dé ix 2 . Aithd. D. 67.7 . ó chuaidh , Celt. Rev. x 142.29 . Ó Bruad. iii 134.23 . chuaidh (rel.), ITS xvii 130.416 . Donlevy 304.23 . do dechaidh , D IV 2, 40c34 . do dheachaidh , AFM iv 892.21 . Fl. Earls 144.16 . 152.3 . —dechaid, ML² 1883 . —deachaidh, DDána 32.2 , and passim. —deochaid , Ann. Conn. 1398.6 . 1 pl. do cuamar, Cog. 76.21 . 100.6 . do-chuamair, TD 8.1 . do-chámar, DDána 3.17 . do chuadhmuir-ne, ML 18.4 . —deachamair, TD 14.8 . 2 pl. do-chuabhair, TD 22a.3 . DDána 26.3 . 3 pl. do chuadar, TSh. 2447 . Stair Erc. 2326 . do-chódar, TD 26.16 . DDána 105.27 . do-chádair, 93.13 . ra chuatar, Cog. 226.27 . chuadar, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 30.8 . do choidset, Leb. Gab.(i) 144.20 . dodeachatar, AFM iv 838.6 . Fl. Earls 194.15 . dechadar, O'Gr. Cat. 98.5. —deachatar, Fl. Earls 24.6 . —deachadar, Keat. ii 384 . —deochatar, Ann. Conn. 1256.8 . —dechsat, BNnÉ 329 § 65 . —deachsad, TD 16.5 . Keat. i 182.26 . pass. do-chuas, DDána 52.15 . do-cuas, Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 2 . AFM v 1580.z . ro cuas , 1904.2 . ra chuas , TFrag. 14.1 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. —deachar, FDG 391. Dán Dé vi 10 . DDána 58.19 . —dighear, 38.29 . —deach mé, 26.27 . Dán Dé xxv 66 . 2 s. —dechuir, Maund. 36 . —dechair, Stair Erc. 2316 . —deachair, TSh. 10768 . 3 s. —dhech (rel.), Lism. L. 2711 . BNnÉ 18.9 . gé dheach , IGT Decl. exx. 1097 , 1235 , 1241 . Cf. madh mh'anam dheachus dochum nimhe (rechus, v.l.), BNnÉ 18.9 . —dech, IGT Decl. ex. 1014 . —deach, DDána 93.29 . Dán Dé xv 8 , and passim. —digh, Studies 1921, 75 § 17 . 3 C 12, 5.13 . 1 pl. —deacham, DDána 27a.3 . 3 pl. dechuid, Stair Erc. 1951 . dá ndeachud , Desid. 43 . pass. —dighthir, Studies 1921, 419 § 14 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. —deachainn, Content. xviii 92 . PBocht 1.30 . 2 s. —dechtha, ZCP vi 46.17 . Duan. F. i 64 § 46 . —deachtha, DDána 86.34 . 3 s. —digsed, D IV 2, 40c17 . 75b34 . —diccseadh, AFM vi 1896.y . —deachadh, Aithd. D. 77.29 . Content. v 41 . TSh. 3385 . O'Gr. Cat. 197.17 , and passim. —deachaidh, DDána 95.7 v.l. A. Ó Dálaigh viii 11. 1 pl. —deachmaois, TD 16.40 . 3 pl. —dechtais, Ann. Conn. 1406.4 . —deachdís, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1163 . —deachadaois (sic leg.), Content. xxiv 22.

Vnn. techt, dul.

MEANINGS.

Goes, proceeds . Used absolutely, with accus., and with adverbs and prepositions particularising the meaning.

I Absolute uses.

(a) proceeds, goes forward, turns out : nā rega in dál sin `that respite shall not be given,' MacCongl. 29.5 . coná d'athchlaind mar dochúaid `as it was no case of an inferior line,' Metr. Dinds. iv 260.31 . maith dochuaidh críoch a bhagair `well did his bluster succeed,' TD 3.37 .

(b) goes away, departs: o dochóid in t-aingel when the angel departed, PH 3470 . téid iar sin `thereupon he departs,' Ériu xii 188.5 . airc-seo a Eochaid lat ainfiuss `be off with thy ignorance,' Ériu viii 157.1 .

(c) passes away, vanishes: madh ro bhui aige in tan do rinne in cunnradh, ocus do chuaidh fri dethbirius `if he had it (the property) when he made the contract and it passed away from him by necessity,' Laws iv 38.3 Comm. tiad na toirthe mar théid clú, DDána 45.10 . bean i ndeachaidh cuimhne a cuirp who has abandoned fleshly desires, 32.2 . do-chuaidh fá chíogh dtighearna `it was brought to an end by the Lord's breast (?),' Aithd. D. 60.1 . Hence: isind lathi luid yesterday , TBC-LL¹ 3605 (ané, v.l.). adaig cétaine dochuaid, SG 57.3 .

(d) dies (also with accus. bás, éc, see II). nach missi téite ar thuus, SR 2036 . ni theit oac and re siun a young man does not die there before an old, IT i 133.2 . do cháidh tar ceann a charad `He died for His friends,' Dán Dé xx 4 . ? Here also: gé atú ar ndol do ghorta, Duan. F. i 86.1 .

(e) Miscellaneous absolute uses. is follus issin magin sin téte aitherrechtaigthe ní ashire oldáta maicc ┐ aui `that a patronymic goes further than sons and grandsons,' Sg. 30b12 . ua dluith deinmech am docuas andsin (of a horserace), TTebe 2334 . ma direach an indus tiasda `if they run in a straight direction' (of waters), Laws iv 144.2 Comm. cēini (? sic leg.) tias fo nim as long as I walk on earth, ZCP vi 257 § 3 . dochuadar iar sin ┐ nír ansat gur ghabhsat cuan, Stair Erc. 2326 . do-chuaidh ar sealg ag síneadh continued , Aithd. D. 67.8 . cred teigi `wherefore comest thou ?,' TTebe 4332 . can lod `whence hast thou come ?,' RC xiv 406.2 . ragat-sa ... dar a cheann I will go security on his behalf, Laws v 226.14 Comm. (see under IV 9 (c) and Bürgschaft 35 ). conach cert-tiaghait lucht ind Auraiccepta `do not reach a correct conclusion,' ITS xxxiv 38.3 , `do not rightly say,' Ir. Hist. Stud. ii 331 . ? Gramm. In list of words decl. as masc. o—stems and used only in sg.: Breatnach. Boirneach ... Imleach (an feadh téid) as far as it goes, IGT Decl. 55.10 . coimdhe (decl. like fili) acht gan illrad aigi (an feadh téid, v.l.), 74 § 21.

II With accus.

(a) Of the route, etc. followed: connach rabi dóib conar dochoistís acht for Sligi M., LU 6752 . Cf. uair nachar conair fuigill don tiaghtur do gabhail na athgabala, Laws i 272.16 Comm. crich do teid uisce glaise `a district (boundary ?) through which the water of a streamlet flows,' iv 144.10 Comm. cia heret teit Adam uait, SR 1197 . ind fithis tete in peccad issí téte in pian inna diglae, Ml. 28c19 . co na bud inann sét tiastais, PH 7045 . So also of crossing seas, lakes, etc.: co luid Moisi Muir Romuir, SR 2310 . sic mór co ndechus do cois. locha Erenn, RC xviii 301.38 . mad nochtaile ... ni dicead scuithe ar a dluithe ocus ni dichet dam ar a hairde `if it be a naked fence ... the small cattle could not pass through it from its closeness ..., Laws iv 112.7 .

(b) Of the expedition, journey, etc.: ? rechmi cath n-imrind, LU 3423 . do chuadhmuir-ne cuairt chosguir, ML 18.4 . oenach indiu luid in rí, RC vii 290.1 . mairg ragas in sluagad, TBC-LL¹ 792 . ar nā tesed in targraidh, RC xvi 81.29 .

(c) With bás, éc, etc. dies, perishes: na tiastais aidid ngorta, SR 3407 . tiagait báas, Wb. 11d12 . mairc dochuaid bās ar Dia, Ériu iii 196 § 13 . is cumma dam ce bát é éc tíasur, LU 7882 . co ndechais gortai, LL 286b19 . cia thiasusa martri, Wb. 23c31 . cid dia tánac isin n-ármag ... co ndeochais uathbás and that you may swoon there (?) LU 4943 . See also under IV 6 (d).

(d) Various objects: luid in mug cétna chét-chol `came the slave to the first original crime,' Metr. Dinds. iii 84.16 . nicon dichet mess moga la Feine gell oir `the estimation of a slave among the Feine does not extend to a pledge of gold,' Laws v 394.5 . da n-ech ... | Gainne ocus Rea regda guis `welche Stürmischkeit erlangen werden' (?), ZCP xii 245 § 9 . a lléim dochúatár ... tarsin cathraig, LU 9129 . a nimbed són ind sloig dolega na ní tete `which destroys whatever it comes to,' Ml. 62b20 . ní na téit do menma-su | teiti menma neich aile, IT i 97.19 . in mothar sciath sin ... nad raigther techt trit no thairis that dense mass of shields, it will not be possible to get through it or by it, Ériu v 240.121 . ? ni dichet tegde doichlech, Thes. ii 292.19 . Echaid | nach dechaid traighid madma, SG 104.13 . secht trath namma teigthi tall in olden times they observed only seven canonical hours, KMMisc. 158.163 .

(e) With (neuter) infixed or suffixed pronoun (with adverbial force): connach digtith `so that ye have not so gone,' Wb. 9b19 . dachotar coirp `bodies went thus,' Ml. 38b2 . nandrigad `that he would not so go,' Thes. ii 242.6 . cate lib i mbárach fer i n-ath? téite Lárine or A., LU 6063 . The suff. pron. is frequently redundant: téiti úad, TBFr. 366 . teite Cuchulainn a dochum, RC iii 175.17 . fecht ann luidi a muime do blegon na (m)bó, Lat. Lives 47.12 . With ed, referring to a prec. or follg. clause: in leth togairmfe in coimdiu ... is ed ragum, PH 1838 . issed tete a ndíruidigthe ut bene dochum indí as fere `'tis to this that the derivative goes, as bene to fere ,' Sg. 188a13 . iss ed luide intí A. ar tús, in Moesiam, TTr.² 233 . With ón: docoid-som ón `he went that going' (notes), Ériu ii 222.4 . Cf. ráid-siu friss ar com-thé co moch imbárach sund tell him to come to me, TBC-LL¹ 1978 (techt, v.l.).

III With adverbs and adverbial phrases: connach fess ... | cid teite, SR 8116 . cia thé wherever he goes, Ériu iv 100.2 . fēch ca tēighe, ZCP xii 381.23 . é leth luidi for tochmarc thither she has gone a-wooing, Metr. Dinds. ii 2.20 . cid dían ┐ cían nothéisinn, Ml. 41d9 . nī malodsaid you did not well to go, TBC-I¹ 870 . olc húar lodsai (sic leg.), IT iii 244.24 . cia lín ludfamar, RC xiv 412.19 . m'anim nī dig immada may my soul not go astray, Thes. ii 349.2 . lom luidh lom tuilith, O'Gr. Cat. 91.2. ó do-coíset rindi im-masech `nachdem die [Speer-]spitzen aneinander vorbeigeflogen sind,' ZCP xi 84 § 32 . ni téit an faosam amach 'na deaghaidh `the exemption (afforded by a living person) does not follow (the distress) out,' Laws i 102.4 . cosmhuil go ragha sé saor it is likely that it will go unpunished, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 13 . ó nach rach i bhfad to make a long story short (?), DDána 91.10 . gealladh dol síos ar ar son may she promise to plead for us (?), 21.20 . mairg ag a ndeachaidh sé síos | cíos Dé `is in arrear,' Dán Dé xxvii 21 . do-chuaidh síos ... | an uaill has abated, Aithd. D. 7.18 .

Frequ. with foll. clause introduced by co n- and expressing purpose: tiagsa con tall a chenn dind aithiuch `I will go to take his head off,' Ml. 58c6 . tiagsa conda tucsa, TBFr. 309 . ragaid dia nom-fóemuid ar th'eniuch `come and yield to me,' RC iii 346.31 . Also with consec. clause: lotar co rancatar co airm i mboí F., LU 3350.

IV With prepositions and prepositional phrases (see also under the various prepp.).

1 With ar and for.

(a) goes upon, sets out on, etc.: ni far cuairt parche docoid, Wb. 21a12 . in slánicid ... corop slán ani forsa te `the salve ... that whole may be that whereon it goes,' Thes. ii 249.9 . do teighdis fein ara ngluinib 'na ḟiadnaisi `fell on their knees,' Maund. 16.

(b) Of sexual union: ech uisci ... do chuaidh ar inghin in t-sacairt `copulavit cum,' O'Don. Suppl. s.v. míol. ní dechaidh Bran ar choin riemh `B. never mated with a hound,' Duan. F. i 40.5 .

(c) resorts to, indulges in, becomes subject to: lautar forsna harmu, ZCP viii 105.8 . ? slógh Liag ina laeidhengaib | do lón tiad ar tháballaib, IGT Decl. ex. 374 . ní théighim air rún I keep it not secret, ITS iii 276.1 (1st. ed.). amuil do coisead for nadm ann ┐ ratha `as if upon securities and guarantees,' Laws iv 100.9 Comm. focul for braich lis riasiu do cae for descthu `before it is put to ferment,' ii 242.13 . cia deach in flaith for doma de `becomes indigent,' v 266.14 Comm. na digsitís ar dermat ... úad (of Cú Chulainn's clesa), TBC-LL¹ 2123 . si-se ag dul ar doimheanmain becoming dejected, DDána 37.12 .

(d) is inflicted upon, comes upon (of misfortunes, etc.); is given to: in dígal dochoid for diabul, Wb. 28b30 . in mess ... is hé rigas forru, Thes. ii 1.14 . anfīr docōid form, ZCP vii 307.4 . ni raga urcra forro `no decay comes upon them,' RC vi 183.8 . re a ndeachaidh oruinn d'iomráth `because of all the gossip that has been made about me,' TD 30.6 . na naoi cconnsuine ar a ttéid séimhiughadh the nine consonants subject to lenition, IGT Introd. 1.y . rofinnatar a pecthe rosíu docói grád forru before they enter holy orders, Wb. 29a28 . ni techta nach foessam ar na tegat ratha fine `for no `foessam' is lawful which is not supported by sureties of the tribe,' Laws iv 206.17 . lóg a enech ... t.¤ fora naidm he may go surety to the amount of his honour-price, Críth G. 128 . See Bürgschaft §§ 75 - 6 , 72 . céad urdail ... | rachaidh orthoibh `a hundred times as much ... will be given for them,' TD 31.15 . ní ragha m'umhla ar th-aiceacht `my deference shall not be given to your teaching,' Content. ix 6 . dochōid for m'einech ┐ for m'anmain airec co Ailill `it lies upon my honour,' ZCP iv 44.29 . feib do chuaid fair `as he was requested' (?), ML 154.6 . dá ndeach tir ar fhuil na n-Iarladh is buried (?), Aithd. D. 38.13 . ? dá ndeach tir ar thruime ar gcean, Dán Dé xv 8 . Legal, t.¤ x for y y becomes liable for x: is tobach aile teit forra `there is a levying of two days upon them,' Laws i 146.18 Comm. cia forsa ragha in cinsa? who shall become liable for this offence? Nero A vii, 141a ( O'D. 2203 ). cest, cid tēite for fornaidm cāich? ... miach for breithemain what is due? ZCP xiii 24.4 .

(e) attacks, overcomes: ni tiaguit flaithe for eagluis `come against,' Laws iii 70.1 . éirghidh ar Ulltaibh, óir atá fíor gcatha agaibh chuca, Keat. ii 5642 . docúas iarsin ar in side, IT i 130.8 . ni dechaid coll cána ar goil the breaking of the law did not get the better of valour (?), ACL iii 304 II § 3 . Similarly: ni fetatar cindas noregadáis ara marbad `how they should go in order to slay him,' TTr.² 1097 . nech marbus duine hi cath ... bliadain col-leith ... acht ni te for ind guin ó rumaid riam `a year and a half (of penance), provided he does not pursue the slaughter after the fight is won,' Ériu vii 166.24 . ? dá ndeachud oraind seacha so if they attack me in spite of this (?), Desid. 43 . Impers.: cia beith a lin na n-oged ni dechas for losait doib however numerous the guests, the kneading losset never failed (to supply) them, Irish Texts i 3 § 7 . dochuaid ar mo luth my vigour is exhausted, Ériu viii 172.9 . oram rachaidh a rádha `will it be impossible for me to say,' PBocht 12.10 .

(f) Impers. t.¤ oc x for (ar) y x prevails over y: téid ag óigh ar a hoidhre `the Virgin prevails over her son,' Studies 1939, 99 § 11 . dochuaidh aca ar in mbaile, AFM vi 2174.19 . Also with la: fa chaislen Sligidh ┐ do cuas fair leis, AU ii 424.21 .

(g) changes into, is exchanged for, becomes: do chonách ... | téid ... ar dobrón, Aithd. D. 79.14 . do chuaidh a neimh ar neamhghrúig, PBocht 21.32 .

(h) t.¤ x do y ar z x inspires, causes, gives rise to z in y: crú an chígh fa lár do leigeadh | téid dó ar dhéanamh foighidean `calls forth His patience,' Aithd. D. 59.12 . ni ar thime ná ar tlás dochúaidh sin dó, AFM iii 518.8 . Cf. téid mar uaisle dḟine Chuinn it is a proof of nobility in the family of C., Content. ix 2.

(i) Various: ní bar torad precepte nach aili tíagussa `it is not the fruit of any other's teaching I appropriate (?),' Wb. 17b18 (see, however, Hermathena xxii (1932) 272 - 3 ). Cf. 17b20 . docoised ferchend fora beolu a man's head would have fitted between his lips, LU 5919 . do deochaidh tra iarum for aithgin neich bronnair ann `yet it afterwards was exchanged for restoration of the thing which was damaged,' Laws iv 98.16 Comm. raghaidh an taen for an aen `the one will go to the other' (of things which attract each other, e.g. woman and honey, child and milk, etc.), Leb. Gab.(i) 46.22 . ? gan dol as a dhíoghrais damh | le hArt Óg is é ar gconnradh | ... | 's ní rach choidhche ar mo chomaoin, L. Cl. A. B. 229.104 .

(j) With prepositional and adverbial phrases (see also under cel, cend, cúl, etc.). t.¤ ar (for) cend goes towards, for, etc. luid ... | Dáuid ar cinn ind fir sin, SR 5861 . conndecharsa for a chind, TBC-LL¹ p. 864 . luidh int escop ciuin ar ceal passed away, AU i 596.y . co ndechatar ... for comairce a crochi sought the protection of, PH 3944 . luid in grian fora culu went back, Ml. 16c10 . do luid for iarraid usce `went to look for water,' RC xxiv 198.9 . airg-siu for a imgabāil, KMMisc. 208.15 . dia luid D. for longais re saul went into exile from S., Ml. 55c1 . dochuatar for nefní came to nought, vanished, PH 4261 . go ndeachadh an eagluis ar seachran would go astray, Luc. Fid. 367.1 . tiagat for teiched, Ml. 54b12 .

2 With ass.

(a) goes out of, leaves: lotar asin chathraig, TTr.² 18 . ragáet in mac. raluid a h-altaib `er ist aus den Fugen gegangen,' TBC-LL¹ 4735 = coṅdechaid a altaib dó, TBC-I¹ 2995 . docoid som a foraithmiut dae `he passed out of God's remembrance,' Ml. 32d10 . ri dochoid ... | asa doenacht 'na déacht, SR 7757 . as an ré dochuaidh caitheamh (sic leg.) time has dwindled, Dán Dé xxv 5 . gan dol as a dhíoghrais damh | le hArt Óg is é ar gconnradh that he shall not relinquish his love for me, L. Cl. A. B. 229.101 . ó chuaidh a lúith ┐ a lámhach ... as, Celt. Rev. x 142.29 .

(b) With 3 s. neut. t.¤ ass.

(i) departs: luid as for leith, SR 3023 . tíagam ass, TBFr. 194.

(ii) escapes: co ndeachaidh ass a cóir n-éludha, RC xvii 347.24 . nach téid aonduine as ó bhuille an chloidhimh, TSh. 7818.

(iii) elapses (of time), passes away, vanishes: co ṅdechsad as in sapoit, PH 3692 . ni dechaid an snechta-sin as co tanic Notlaic mor, Ann. Conn. 1245.10 . nā dech as da chlú doráith, ZCP vii 298.13 .

(iv) dies: dín ló dochúaid C. ass, RC xx 12 § 20. an fear red thaobh mar théid as, Dán Dé xxv 11 . a ndeachaidh as 's a bhfuilimíd beo, Hackett xxiv 3.

(c) Gramm. `cia ra sir' is cóir ... óir ní théid `s' eiste féin for `s' is not mutated (i.e. eclipsed after m.sg. infix.), Éigse ii 118.68 . ní théid Sealbhadh `r' eiste féin, 80 . Cf. ní théid Sealbhadh oibrighthe uathaidh faisnéise i `m' amach does not mutate `m' (?), 117.14 . Cf. IGT Introd. 12.25 - 6 .

3 With cen (gan).

téid gan déanamh is left undone, Content. xiv 12 . má théid énrand gan tuigse | dom dhánsa ó dhuine ar domhan `if one stanza ... passes the understanding of anyone,' Studies 1918, 617 § 4 . nī dechaid duine ... gan guin ... ō Eōgan, ML² 1883.

4 With co, dochum.

(a) goes to, towards: isin deseircc et spirut rigthir cuccuib, Wb. 9a23 . on techtairiu dochoid cuccusom, 14d30 . tíagair chuccu do fhis scél dús cid ro chaínset, TBFr. 260 . faillsigter sin do F. ... ┐ luidh gusan aes dana na tistais cuigi `sent a message,' Lism. L. 3024 . gach aon dīp gabhuss spirut genmnaighechta do láimh is chuca téighit `she joins these' (a religious community), Fl. Earls 180.30 . tiagait ho firinni inna stoir dochom inna toimten togaitach, Ml. 14a5 . lotar ... co rrici in topor, LU 5369.

(b) Of marriage, sexual union: intí immurgu téte a dochumsi `those who visit her' (a harlot), Wb. 9d5 . amal tiagtae mná hua célib co firu aili, Ml. 125a2 . ni pa ferr in rí cosa ragthar one could be married to no better king, RC viii 154 § 5 . cid cossin n-echaire théisi, ZCP iv 43.23 . téigh a steach chum minnilte, Gen. xvi 2.

(c) Various: racha dochum n-ēcca ind thou wilt die therein, ZCP vii 306.12 . dá ndeach do chóir go lá an luain `if thy justice be put off till Monday,' Aithd. D. 84.26 . do chóidh a cuibhdheas chugoinn its equivalent has gone to us, Dán Dé xviii 22 . gur ob é an Philpin téd go Burcacuib that he is the P. who is traced back to the Burkes, Hy Fiach. 332.8 . ga tteim do chum leanamhnuibh that I am resorting to syllogisms, Luc. Fid. 324.10 . ? ní théit beo don tsluagh ... | acht aen laech luidhius go h-ois `who went frantic,' MR 320.6 .

5 With de.

(a) departs from, leaves, abandons: notheged dia chonair cid míli cheimmend nobeth in chross would go aside from his road, Lat. Lives 16.11 . muna deachar dhí | ... | ród na déirce if I do not stray from it, Dán Dé vi 10 . ciamad isin dara cét lá ... do deachasum ... de `that he was warned off (the land),' Laws iv 136.4 Comm. ? nocha rachaidh ferann dib a rudhradh da cheile, H 3.18, 224a ( O'Curry 403 ). oc fir dia ndich dag-airliud .i. oca mbí degbriathar, TBC-I¹ 1696 . ragaid ... do nirt for nert will go from strength to strength, PH 4673 . an lucht théid don chreideamh cháir who abandon the true faith, Content. xvi 17 . o rachas di `when it goes off her' (of a fit), Laws iii 228.x Comm. dá ndeachadh mh'aire dh'Eoghan should I become forgetful of E., DDána 65.3 . do chuaidh a ciall do'n cathírghail they lost hope of having an engagement, Caithr. Thoirdh. 99.15 . téid a bhláth dhe efflorebit, TSh. 3799.

(b) outstrips: luid díb, feib digsed in gaeth, Metr. Dinds. iii 250.115 . Cf. dá gach mnaoi ... do-chuaidh surpassed , Aithd. D. 1.3 . ar chlú dhíot ní dheachaidh sluagh, ib. note (Magauran MS).

(c) escapes from: indar lem nocha raghthar de you will not escape, Sc.M² 19.35 . ? conná térna ass acht a n-dechuid do rind gai ┐ do gin chlaidib, IT i 76.9 . fear fiadhaigh dar dhocra dul, DDána 59.6 .

(d) t.¤ x de y x fails y, y fails to accomplish x: do leith féin dá ndeachadh dhíom `didst thou fail me of thine own part,' TD 22a.14 . gach raon eile da ndeach díom `if every other road were impossible,' Aithd. D. 84.30 . go ndeachaidh de féin a fhios do bheith aige ..., Eochairsg. 65.15 . With gan: do chuaidh díomsa gan bheith bocht, Dánta Gr. 88.17 . do chuaidh de Chailbhin gan a fhios do bheith aige cionnus ..., Eochairsg. 65.19 . Impers. t.¤ de x x fails: dá ndigh díbhsi, Studies 1921, 75 § 17 . tēid do c[h]umhra f[h]rēime an rīogh, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 30 § 11 . go racha do ghlóir Gaoidheal that the glory of the Gaedhil will diminish, DDána 85.23 .

(e) Various: cid docuaidh do[t] tairisi-siu re Tuirn o cein `what has become of?,' Aen. 1651 . ra luidin[n]—se de marcaib `I used to ride on steeds,' Ériu i 72 § 3 . téid do nimh t'othair ... | gur mhothaigh the result is, Aithd. D. 84.28 .

(f) With prepositional phrases: in tan tét a laithe di chiunn `passes away,' Ml. 21c3 . dinnis do go rabhadar na guirt ag dul deasbuidh a mbuana that the fields were in need of cutting (were perishing for want of cutting?), ITS xvi 118.30 .

6 With do.

(a) goes to, towards: fo béesad fir téte do chath, Wb. 9a3 . cia loc sainriud dia regtais, Ml. 99b10 . lotar dó they went thither, Sc.M² 22.16 . luid dó, a Mic Conglinne `go to,' MacCongl. 53.13 . lotar ... na echlacha dó `gingen die läufer hin,' TBC-LL¹ 98 . do chuaidh ar bhfear dúasach dhó `is gone thither' =has died (?), Éigse iii 168 § 9 . dial-lathreib cona ragad so that he might not take their place (?) (i.e. Joseph), SR 3132 . raigma do lathiu lanbratha, LL 122b39 .

(b) With vn. constr. expressing purpose goes to, goes for the purpose of: ni do legund and docoadsa `it was not to study there that I had come,' Wb. 18d6 . mug luide hua abracham do thochmurc rebicae do ísác, Ml. 127d3 . tíagam día accallaim, LU 3380 . ní rach dá laoidheadh, PBocht 11a .8.

(c) Similarly with other nouns implying action: hóre déte do chorp crist indigne `when one goes to Christ's Body indigne ,' Wb. 11d7 . regait fir Hérenn do brāth, Thes. ii 319.2 . cethri tucaite ara tiaghar do chrois four reasons why men visit crosses, ZCP v 498.16 . rachtar dá bhfios visitabuntur, TSh. 4464.

(d) t.¤ d'éc dies: in dara fer tēite d'ēcc, ZCP vii 307.13 . nó go ndeachaidh d'éag, Ériu i 99.z .

(e) applies to: is do tiagait ind rétai sin huili dont lathur diaisndísiu `to this apply all those things,' Wb. 5c16 . is do gnimaib amal sodin téit a uideri , Ml. 3a4 . combad donaib huilib doinib notésed, 54a21 . is inunn dia teit lesom an ioseph ┐ an effraim `apply to the same thing,' 100b9 . robad dund sasad diant ainm panis tantum noregad, 118b6 . ? To this: in biait is inmain adrad | cein-mair anmain dia ndichet `heil der Seele, auf die er sich bezieht,' KMMisc. 212.13 .

(f) is given to: cid biad no ragad día n-echaib, LU 8833 . is taisce ragus in apdaine d'fine ... ina do deoruigh, Laws iii 78.10 Comm. ragaid do breth bu-déin duid thou shalt have whatever thou choosest, Ériu iv 224 § 48 . do chloinn do-chóidh a n-aire they paid attention to, DDána 27a.10 . is d'ollamhain ... | téid a ghuala an ollam has the right to sit by the king's side, Aithd. D. 32.4 . Cf. luid in chumal sin du forlóg ochtir achid `that `cumal' went to the additional price of O.A.,' Thes. ii 240.2 . Hence téit x do y y succeeds in doing x: a bhuain díot dá ndeachadh dhuit if you succeeded in taking it off, DDána 102.26 . fear dá ndeachaidh cuma an chosgair `man who could contrive victory,' TD 34.14 .

(g) fares with, turns out for: maith do chuaidh do bhán-fhonn Breagh | S. an uair do hoirdneadh `well for the fair land of B.,' Content. xxx 14 . curub olc do chuaidh dó gan comairli C.C. do gabáil, BCC 380.39 . fech cionnus téit a chomhairled dontí dobeir duit hi see how the advice works with the person who gives it to you, Ériu v 128 § 26.

(h) suits, becomes: amail as dech téit do mnái, TBC-LL¹ 44 . bíd cuid do na coimplexuibh da dtéid an samhradh go maith, 23 K 42, 27.14 .

(i) Various: don turus dia ndechaid, LU 9042 . trít chride dochuatar dait, co nderna chrois díb (of spears), TBC-LL¹ 4337 . ? méraidh am chroidhe a chleath Bhreagh | eabh in oighi gé dheach dhamh, IGT Decl. ex. 1241 . do cuaidh C. di ar ai betha na haidhci sin (of a path), Stair Erc. 1749 . docuaidh in dochar sin don rígh co mór that wrong hurt the king greatly, Expugn. Hib. 63 . ní théid duit-se fa dheireadh | do chisde dar cruinnigheadh `ní fhoghnann sé dhuit,' DDána 53.4 . gach cáil 'na ndeachamair duit `every quality in which I served thee,' TD 14.8 . t.¤ do láim goes to communion: do aes na tet do laim riam `that go not before to Communion,' Thes. ii 255.12 . co ndechaddar do laim, Mon. Tall. 163.21 . ? is mithigh i n-anmain Dé do tháed do láim (seems used here of ordinary eating), Ériu i 44.25 . docúaidh doráith leo a mharbadh `they resolved,' BNnÉ 41.36 . docoidh doraith occo, CCath. 3256.

7 With eter.

Goes between; comes to pass between (of quarrels, reconciliations, etc.): dochostis itir a tobor ┐ sliab, TBC-I¹ 894 . ? légais rúne rochúaid eter scolaib screptra, LU 829 (ACC). air chlaontaibh ... noch a rachadh eadruinn ┐ Dia which would come between us and God, Donlevy 358.23 . teid cirgala ┐ imserga etarro, RC xxiv 174.z . ní rachadh ... réidhteach eadrainne agus sibhsi no reconciliation would have taken place between us, Maguires of F. 52.15 . is e ordughadh dochuaidh eatorra `the arrangement made between them,' Keat. ii 1587.

8 With fo.

(a) goes under: croicend muici Dūisi, | cech oen fō tēged thaebh every one under whose body it went, ZCP xii 244.16 . suainem tar blái foa ndichet carpat under which a chariot can go, O'Mulc. 759 . ionnas nach rachadh ... faoi lár be lost , Donlevy xv 11.

(b) undergoes, submits to: in tain diagmani fo baithis, Wb. 3a15 . luid fo recht `underwent the Law,' Fél. Jan. 1 . ar na tiagsad fo graid nepscuip, Mon. Tall. 134.13 . in tan dochuaid fo recht n-imdibe, PH 5684.

(c) dies by (the sword) : tiagamm fo chlaideb, SR 3628 . dochuaidh Pol fo cloidhem, MacCarthy 284.1 . tri bliadhna d 'O Neill nertmoir, | in-Ath-cliath luidh fo lannaibh, 422.y (sic leg. with BB 50b29 ).

(d) goes towards, throughout: sic ducuaid inducbal cruche crist fun domun spread throughout the world, Ml. 65c9 . do cuas leis fo crich Sheóach, AFM v 1580.z . téid fo'n gcath arís, ITS i 96.9 .

(e) attacks, assails: cethra foa tiagat coin alltai `whom wolves attack,' Ériu ii 210.2 . sgéala do chuaidh fam chridhe, Aithd. D. 14.12 . dochuaid h. Dubda fuithib, Ann. Conn. 1225.12 .

(f) Various: do-chóidh ré na feirge faoi set , Aithd. D. 95.22 . berbtar cerc ... co ndeachad a trian fó bruith `until it boil down to one third,' O'Gr. Cat. 197.17. téid 'n-a haonar fat éaruic `she undertakes herself to pay thy ` éiric ,' Aithd. D. 68.16 . téighim gan chleith dhaoibh nó dhamh | fa a bheith i laoidh nó i leabhar I guarantee that they are all in lay or book (?), Content. xxi 7 . a tigerna, teim fēin fod' grāsaibh, ZCP vi 48.37 . ? do-chuaid fa a chró a ferg d'fulang | dulann dó a celg ar Conall, Irish Texts ii 17 § 9 . nocha teigim fo guth cluic I go not at the sound of the bell, ZCP vi 263 § 10.

9 With fri.

(a) goes towards, against; opposes: mani dichset mna ernochta fris, LU 5193 . cet cia theis fri baigh | Aedha he is permitted to contend with A. (?), AFM i 408.x . co ndech comla fri haieór till the firmament be enclosed by a door, ZCP viii 111.15 . luibh shídh do-cháidh rer gcneadhaibh, Aithd. D. 67.7 . ní thēiss hi forgull fri nech, ACL iii 312 § 6 . tíat Lugaid fris let L. go to meet him (? about that matter, see under (e)), TBC-I¹ 1363.

(b) devotes oneself to, adopts, takes a certain course: docotar iterum fri tola in betho they have given themselves over again to worldly desires, Wb. 29a8 . conn-dechaid re filidecht took up poetry, RC v 201 § 17 . dochuaid re marttra dar cend C., PH 659 . Of Christ submitting to the Cross: rí dochoid fri crann crucha, SR 7753 . With menmae: ar is res do cuaidh meanma an ughduir cumadh mó ... it was this the author had in mind, Laws ii 42.3 Comm. `according to the intention of the author,' iv 10.27 Comm. dochúaid a menma fris ┐ rotholtnaigestar dí in gilla rochalma, TTr.² 472 . ní th-ari-siu téit ria it is no business of yours, Ériu i 134.4 . Cf. a-rís ní rach le bronnadh `never again shall I be engaged in gift-giving,' Aithd. D. 39.40 .

(c) guarantees, goes surety for (see also under I (e) and Bürgschaft 35 ): o testaib coraib cengur do gnim frisi tiaguid, Laws i 266.6 . coir cin co ica acht cert aithgin ris i ndeachaidh `but the proper compensation for what he guaranteed,' iv 260.15 Comm. in ti ris-i ndechaidh lamh `for whom he has gone security,' v 226.27 Comm. Cf. in fer ris i ndechaid taib `in whose behalf he interfered,' iii 238.16 .

(d) takes after, resembles: gibe don da fhior re a ttéd (of a child), MS. Mat. 581.18 . is re dolb-gnimaib ... D. do chuadar do chert-chlesa took after, MR 294.17 .

(e) Various: rofhiarfacht doib ... cid ní risi ndechadar on what business they had come, TTebe 4757 . cia doragad risin techtairecht sain, CRR 24.17 . mar go ndeachaidh Solamh ré seachrán, TSh. 3507 . téid re hoighreadh dath do dhearc is as handsome as (?), DDána 106.31 .

10 With i n—.

(a) goes into, enters: is euseph duchoid in egipt, Ml. 84c9 . ara tesed b isin sillaib tánaisi `that `b' should pass into the second syllable,' Sg. 21b9 . á eret tias in cascc isin mís, Thes. ii 39.25 . Samér (a river) téite a llochaib Éirne i mmuir, Trip.² 2952 . iss ann téit in cach n-oenrind (of the sun), SR 232 . co ndechatár secht ferchubat di senamain in tige i talmain, LU 8377 . na téged in rí féin isin cath, ZCP viii 317.19 . in la no ragad i coblach ` embarked ,' Cog. 50.9 . rachaidh i sosadh aingeal, TSh. 800.

(b) penetrates, invades, attacks: cindas tíagar ina n-inni de? `how is their meaning arrived at?,' Hib. Min. 297 . a bás do chuaidh 'n-a chridhe, PBocht 14.23 . do cuadar siat a tiagernus Ser Gido they invaded the lordship of Sir Guy, Fier. 237 . do chuadur Clann Domhnaill ionta líon a slōigh, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 7.12 .

(c) goes into (of numbers, etc.), fits into: da deich ... | tiagait hisin certfichit, SR 746 . adrolaic a beólu co ndechsad óen na rigthige inna croes, LU 9104 . lestar bec, ┐ da lan dec uidi circi isedh teit ind, Laws i 106.24 Comm.

(d) goes to, sets about, resorts to, indulges in (of actions and states of being): na téit i llánamnas (non adducat praeputium), Wb. 10a15 . conna dechsam i n-adradu idal, Ml. 62d1 . luid in ailithri, 74b5 . co ndechuith in crucem, Wb. 22b11 . dochōtar Ulaid ina nōendnin, TBC-I¹ 874 . na cuic seoit tet a lobad di `that are forfeited,' Laws i 272.3 Comm. ní théid éantroigh i n-uabhar, Aithd. D. 11.33 . moch do chúaidh grian ina gáibh the sun has resorted early to his rays, L. Cl. A. B. 234.88 . ná heirg i slánaibh síotha `enter not into securities for peace,' TD 15.45 . Note also: ragmait-ni 'n-a fhurtacht-sum, CRR 28.21 . teigdis Ulaid ina fuigill `submitted to his adjudication,' Laws i 154.x Comm.

(e) becomes (with abstr. noun denoting the quality expressed by adj. in Engl.); results in: o dha-peccaid in duine dochóid se in athardacht o'n aingel he took after the angel (?), PH 7434 . téid dealbh a aighthe i n-óige, DDána 67.10 Hence in idiom: t.¤ x i y do z x results in y for z: do chuaidh i dtarbha don tsagart (of a prayer), L. Cl. A. B. 20.11 . do chóidh an bás sin Mhéguidhir i n-utmaille menman d Ua N., AFM vi 2162.z . Cf. do-chuadar na créatúire se i n-anumhla don duine, TSh. 2447 . With prepp. other than do in various shades of meaning: ag dol a nédánacht air `becoming afraid of him,' Rel. Celt. ii 190.4 . ionnus go dtéid i gcogadh ┐ i gcorraighe ar an gcoguas, TSh. 3042 . do chuaidh Diarmuid, mo thruaighe | fúinne i bhfuaire D., alas, has grown cool towards me, Ir. Review 1912, 517 § 5 . decla go rachdais a ndimus ass lest they should become proud from it, BCC 122.36 . do chuaid an tigernus a coinntinn etir Ruaidri ... ┐ Donnchad, L. Chl. S. 56.27 .

(f) Gramm. ends in (of words): ciasu in —is teit `though it ends in —is,' Ml. 67d24 . ní bbá in —anus regaid, Sg. 36b1 . airdiden ind ainmedo téte in —a, 92a2 . uand ainsid téte in —em, 129a1 . cuig coitchind tiaghaid i n-es, Abbott-Gwynn 55.18 .

(g) Gramm. amalgamates with, is assimilated to (of sounds): tíad dá .s. na chéile a ccomhfhocal (glas ┐ smior, glaismior sin), IGT Introd. 12.16 . greim comhfhocuil ... téid san bfocal theagmhus na dhiaigh amalgamates with the following word (of prefixes), 25.9 . Note also: óir i `m' théid Sealbhadh `b' ar Sealbhadh uathaidh fheirinnsgne (e.g. cia ra mbuail) `b' is eclipsed, Éigse ii 118.58 . cáit a tteid caolughadh a nguthaidheadh leathan when is a broad vowel attenuated, IGT Introd. 1.12 .

(h) Various: ? dia dia do[r]rogus ré tias in[n]a gnuis `before I go into His presence,' RC xx 148.6 (ACC). dochúaid ina rúinib ┐ ina comráitib ┐ ina [n]derritib `he went into their sweet secrets and talks together (of Ulysses trying to prove his identity to Penelope), Mer. Uil. 270 . do chúaidh fúibh san mhuir do mhíne | go bhfuil súil na ríghe riot the sea has become so calm on thy account, L. Cl. A. B. 241.115 . Legal: teit turrtughadh la fogail ann `compensation for damage shall be for it,' Laws i 98.y Comm. ná[d] té(i)t tír ... ind it is not paid in land, Críth G. 364 . coir no deisidhe cia no dechsa[t ?] a cinta ... isin tellach is neso that the nearest hearth should become answerable for his crimes, Laws iv 248.22 Comm.

(i) With prepositional phrases (see also under 1 cenn, 2 dál, dead, etc.); ná digis t'aenur | i cend ríg Temra, SG 365.10 . is se in [fogelt] teit na cenn miach `the feeding which shall accumulate upon him,' Laws i 110.6 Comm. cion Éabha ... | doirb téarnamh ó théid 'n-a cheann `escape from it is hard when others are added to it,' Dán Dé iii 16 . ar co tíasad na coinni, LU 6148 . ara tesed inda commaitecht, Mon. Tall. 159.19 . manip ámlaid tiasum i ndáil na hédparta, PH 5349 . ducoid cách huainn a leth for assreud `each of us went apart in dispersal,' Ml. 63c19 . mar thug láimh fá chreich na Cásg | a leith a grásd do cháidh Crísd, IGT Decl. ex. 1001 . admuinemmar .i. tiagmait ina munigin, Thes. ii 322.20 .

11 With iar.

in fer no-thēged iarsint shligi who went along the road, Sc.M² 2.2 . cruth iarsa luid a chompert-som how his conception came to pass, RC ix 452.8 ( LU 1648 ).

12 With imm.

cech toisc imma téig `every business about which you go,' KMMisc. 260 § 5.

13 With la.

(a) goes with, accompanies: cona muntir dochoid less, Wb. 14a19 . tiagait ... | la Demun they are given over to the Devil, SR 8351 . Grainde luid lat a Lughaidh `G. eloped with thee,' Laws iii 532.11 . fear ... tete la haes nescairde .i. bhis for fosiubhal imaille ris in lucht na bi isin cairde, H 3.18, 262a ( O'Curry 522 ). go dtéidhe an t-anam araon | le chéile is an chalann, Dán Dé ix 15 . ro gabudh da nathraigh ... lé, ┐ docuaidh leo co hincleith `brought them,' Stair Erc. 101.

(b) is let go (unpunished) with: ní racha libh ar labhrais `thy words shall not go unpunished,' Content. xxii 1 . dá ndeach sé liom rem lá | atá im chionn a Dhé fá dhó (even) if it be remitted to me during my life it awaits me doubly (hereafter), Dán Dé ix 17 . ní leó docuaidh gan dighail, Stair Erc. 2191.

(c) t.¤ la x x succeeds: in tan d'fearsabair riu gleo | ní deachaidh leo co buadach, SG 37.10 . nocha dechaidh ret' athair ... a com-éirghe do com Cuinn `thy father did not succeed when he rose against C.', Duan. F. i 4 § 7 . ba doigh lais na rachadh leis tar forsmacht in aird-ri, BNnÉ 322 § 28.

(d) pleases: a dtéid liom `a dtaithneann liom,' DDána 30.6 . téid linn gach ar luaidheamair, Aithd. D. 20.30 .

See also under 9 (b).

14 With ó.

(a) goes from, departs from: ni dechuid huaim, Ml. 54d7 . cia nutiastais huaim, 117d3 . dochuaid a anim o churp | Adaim, SR 2101 . airgg ūaim (sic leg.) be off ! TBC-I¹ 1197 . ni teiged bem i ndilsi na i ndilmaine uad, TTebe 2527 . ó rechaid óm comairle if they depart from my counsels, ZCP xii 393.13 . a mhatal donn ag dul ón chlár `a dark coif (?) drawn back from the brow,' PBocht 2.7 . do-chódarsan ó chloinn Néill `parted from' (in genealogy), TD 26.16 . téid an sionnach suas ó ṡoin `the fox goes back beyond that' (in time), Content. xi 8.

(b) is sent (on an errand) by: luid techt con-ascadaib húad, SR 3053 . ce dig neach uaithib do Roim, YBL 318ay. tíat aenfer uainn, RC x 74.12 . tiagat techta uainn co h-Ailech, SG 373.35 . More frequ. in pass.: tiagar huáin dochum hirusalem dus cid forchomnacuir indi, Ml. 16c5 . ced leth ragthar úaib ... do chuingid ind fir, LU 5711.

(c) outstrips: leomuin ... ō nach teighedh fiaidh for bith, Marco P. 89 . muc ... rachas uait féin, Oss. vi 134.y .

(d) escapes from: co ndeachaidh ré néllaibh uretroma æieoir uatha, BS 124.15 . an chluas do ba caol tuigse; | saor do-chuas ón chéadfaidh-se, DDána 52.15 . a n-imshníomh do-chóid ó cheilt can no longer be concealed, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 15 § 5.

(e) gives up, forsakes: eirg ód bheith mar do bhábhar, Timth. 1917, 61 § 5 . do-chuaidh mé óm fhéagain d'fhior `I have forsaken the glances of men,' TD 1.26 . Cf. úachaid rachadh ó chlainn `an old maid who would be childless,' ITS xvii 165.1070 .

(f) t.¤ x ó y y is deprived of, loses x: téiged uain failte na ceol, PH 4993 . rachaidh a ferand o fine `his land shall pass from the family,' Laws i 138.10 Comm. ní té(i)t a luige ó ḟi[u]r midboth(a), Críth G. 70 . flaitheas Dé dá ndeachadh uainn if I failed to get, Aithd. D. 77.29 . má do chóidh uaim | go holc ... | gach ní ... dá bhfuaramar `if culpably spent,' PBocht 6.11 .

15 With ós.

téighim ós chionn a chosnaimh `I advance to defend it,' Content. xxi 12 . tú an aonchnú do-chóidh ós choill which has surpassed the whole wood, TD 27.27 . dorachad os fhorbha righ in betha, Marco P. 142.

16 With re.

(a) goes before, precedes: co ndechummar for teiched remib, Ml. 63c14 . tiad gnuisi giolladh ndorrdha | reimhe, Studies 1919, 257 § 16 . sul deachad raibhthi romhainn, Ériu ix 163 § 3 . ar na daoinibh ... do-chuaidh romhainn, TSh. 608 . ní théid mo sheise ríogh róm `ní théid sé dom chosaint,' DDána 121.28 . ? ní a gcruth go rachadh romhaibh | tug an feadh nach fuarobhair | do fhreagra `it was not fear lest their power might yield to yours (?),' Content. ix 27.

(b) With personal form of prep. referring to subject of vb. goes on, fares forward: lotar ... rompo, LU 8864 . luid reime do ascnum co Temraig `fared forward,' RC xxiv 184.12 .

17 With sech.

(a) goes past, passes: ni tiagat saidai sech satuirn suas, Thes. ii 12.33 . slige dano, doscuet carpa(i)t sech alaile a road, on which one chariot can pass another, Corm. Y 1082 . co ṅdechsad in sapoit seccu till after the Sabbath, PH 2937 . ma thēsi sech rīga, ZCP xi 80.16 .

(b) Various: téid beatha as sáimhe seocha he misses a pleasanter life, Dán Dé vii 3 . a ndul seacha their neglect of it (?), DDána 81.13 . do-chuadar so uile seocha transierunt haec omnia, TSh. 946.

18 With tar.

(a) goes over, across, past: cona tiagat tara cricha corai, Ml. 51d3 . ba slán cech imlobor tarateged int uisce, Thes. ii 315.26 . ma (sic leg.) téis immurgu tar domnuch if however it pass the Sunday, Mon. Tall. 137.14 . ba samalta co rachad long ... dar a chraes, IT i 271.27 . chum na gcoirthe chuaidh thort do dhíoghailt past sins, Donlevy 304.23 .

(b) overcomes, overwhelms: da ndeachas dar Dun F. `when Dún F. was overwhelmed,' Ériu xii 192.8 . regaid fer dar fer, Sc.M² 15.8 . tēt an fer tarat amal tēti bott tar catt, TBC-I¹ 2680.

(c) exceeds, surpasses: ní thét a ccu dar cona, LU 3570 . ni teit indlighedh n-athgabala tar cuic bu `does not exceed,' Laws i 92.14 Comm. docúaidh, a Bruin, gan bara | mo c[h]ara tar do charaid, ZCP viii 225 § 1 . gach ainm iollraidh rachus siolla tar an ainm uathaidh every plural noun which exceeds the singular by a syllable, IGT Introd. 21.z .

(d) transgresses, violates (a law, etc.): ho luid adam tar réir, Wb. 3c37 . is me dochoid darsin smacht, SR 1529 . téighim tar teaguscc na n-easbal, Studies 1919, 75 § 22 . Cf. ní rag thorat I will not break my word to you (?), Anecd. iii 59.4 ; 'abandon (?)' PMLA lxii 896 .

(e) becomes necessary for, becomes due: rachaidh thoruibh tráth oile | bláth toruidh na trócoire `beidh ort trócaire d'iarraidh,' DDána 7.4 . do-chuaidh thort mo tháirriochtain it is time for thee to save me, 11.23 . dá ndeachadh thoruinn `má cuirtear chuige mé,' 95.7 .

(f) passes by, is omitted, lost, forgotten by: an bioth cé do-chuaidh tharainn, DDána 53.6 . a ndeachaidh thorainn `all our shortcomings,' Aithd. D. 97.33 . a dtéid thoram | ná léig oram ar airleagadh `those (crimes) I have forgotten,' Dán Dé xvi 11 . ? a laogh féin ó théid thairse since her own fawn had gone from her, DDána 69.26 .

(g) Various: do shealbhaighetar ... dōib féin hí ┐ nach raghduis tairsi mar fhlaithiumhnas (they said ?) that they would be satisfied with it as a principality, ZCP xiii 180.9 . tiad tar úidh an eóil shenta `they miss their way,' Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 14 § 4 . bá hi mbronnaibh a maithreach luidhsiot tairis ` escaped ,' AFM i 94.9 . is and adermuid nech do beith eslan an trath teit tara naduir fein, Irish Texts i 48.10 . dá dhruim ní tiachair thaireis it is not discussed, Studies 1928, 268 § 18 .

(h) With prepositional phrases. t.¤ tar cenn: fine caich dar a ndichet cenn a gell `of the person whom he shelters as to the pledge,' Laws v 388.2 . nī fail ní dom shétaib-se nād tēi dar cend na hingine which will not be given on behalf of the girl, ZCP iv 43.9 . noceilebraitis na cleirig dona laechaib tarateitis cenn on whose behalf they went (to death), Anecd. i 43.19 . t.¤ tar éis: co ndechasa dar th'éis that I may go after thee, SG 414.21 .

19 With trí.

(a) goes through: ragtháit tria chriathar n-átha for ṁbruirech minaigthe dogénat da bar corpaib, RC xxii 304 n. 13 (bid intechta tria críathar, text). co na dig in scuiche trit `that the small cattle could not pass through it,' Laws iv 114.7 Comm. íar ndul triit after it has leaked (cauldron), Críth G. 549 . is trithu nach tiaghair `through them no passage can be forced' (of soldiers), MR 194.15 .

(b) Various: arna te nech tria lugae `that a man break not his oath,' Ml. 36a23 (see note). rachthair thairsiu is tréo they will be utterly overwhelmed, TBC-LL¹ 3448 . do-chóidh tré chách na chéimibh surpassed everyone, IGT Decl. ex. 1255 ,

The following exx are obscure: teit grian adenus fria tuisc, SR 247 . belend dichet chlessamnach, Anecd. v 29.21 (Verba Scāthaige). eirggi guin ┐ gabail | attetha as cech anáil, TBC-LL¹ 3040 . rotraethad o sin amach | laechraid Asar imuallach | mac De na nime nosdig | in rorigi roreidig, Lec. 27d43 .