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accais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. accais or dil.ie/142

Forms: accuis, accuis, accais, acaissi, acsi, aicsin, aicsin, aicsenaib

n f. In O.Ir. glosses accuis (Lat. occasio, see GOI § 302 ). Pedersen Vgl. Gr. (i 476) distinguishes a word accais < *adcais (We. achas), but the various meanings can be explained as easily from a single form accais < Lat. occasio. g s. accuis, Alex. 297 . accais, O'Dav. 399 . acaissi, Fl. Earls 132.25 . n p. acsi, Corm. Y 1082 v.l. (achuis, text, Anecd. iv 96.23 ). Also as n-stem a s. aicsin, Ml. 38c4 . n p. inna aicsin , 51d15 . d p. dinaib aicsenaib , 62a22 . See aicsenach.

(a) cause, reason: acuis .i. a causa , Corm. Y 10 (cf. O'Mulc. 11 ). ? bri gach ṅ-a.¤ , Corm. 8 = cach n-ogus, Corm. Y 149 . issí ade accuis `this is the cause', Ml. 104c1 . ní si accuis insin arinrogab Duaid `that is not the reason for which David sang it', 35a8 . nach accuis trissanétatsat som inna anu hisin, 57a3 . sainaccuis do Duaid sech cách, 36c11 . cen fochunn ┐ cen accuis, 46b14 , 126d17 . ar main bed accuiss na precepte sin `for if it were not because of that teaching', Wb. 9b19 . in di accuis, Sg. 200a13 . it hē achuis (acsi, v.l.) ar a nglanaiter, Corm. Y 1082 = aicsin, Corm. Bodl. 38 . sain didiu accuis as rohainmniged cach āe, Corm. Y 1079 . nisber nach a.¤ aile acht dul tar bur cenn-si there is no other reason for it(?), Anecd. i. 43.18 . acais toirge na nDéise, Ériu iii 135.2 .

In prep. phrases: ar accuis pectho `because of sin', Ml. 60b19 . ar accuis tesairgne do mnai ríg Érend, LU 10770 = ar cuis, Ériu xii 170.5 (TE). ?fu acis gl. sub obtentu, Thes. i 498.29 . hua accuiss sulbairichthe `because of politeness', Sg. 45b3 . trena a.¤ (i.e. because of Findabair), LL 11323 (TBC).

In Laws cause, occasion of injury to others, hence offence, crime(?). Cf. it he ceithri anmand cinath conlat ar diuit: tucait, ag, acais, etgid, O'Mulc. 456 . dilis do ceilib . . . seoit . . . acht fris-rognat a flaithe . . . na dernat acais a mbais `wenn sie . . . ihren Tod nicht verursacht haben' (i.e. have committed no crime leading to their lord's death), ZCP xiv 362 § 22 , see p. 363 . caide fochonn, caide agh, caide acais . . . acúis don gnímh son do gní nech for torbha do budein ┐ imaric aimles nach aile de cin elguin ┐ ní duine féin is fer láimhe di `acuis' is that deed which one does for one's own advantage and from which disadvantage ensues to another person though he has committed no crime and is not the perpetrator thereof(?), O'D. 577 (H.3. 17, 444). See 3 ág. gan ágh, gan a.¤, gan urcoid . . . a n-adrad h'arm, MR 294.15 .

(b) hatred, enmity, rancour etc.: acais dhlighidh, Ériu xiii 25.6 glossed .i. aor no mallacht . . . no a.¤ .i. immidh, O'Dav. 40, 399 (cf. ZCP xiv 7 ). aincis (acais, v.l.) is miscaith namá / dhá ṡenainm na mallachta, Metr. Gl. 14 § 29 . fí fo builc .i. a.¤ fo thuind, RC xx 252.1 (ACC). ferb .i. bolg .i. acuis fo tuinn, O'D. 27 (H 3.17, col. 25). na bi ar acais na miscais do gní acht do rellad na firinne, O'Curry 2599 ( Eg. 88 fo. 51 (52)a ). is tromsceo a.¤ ┐ duabais ┐ neime for cech n-aen, Alex. 297 . ro aorfadaois o acois ┐ o breachtradh an dána virulence(?), ZCP x 278.3 . doní geōin ┐ acu[i]s ┐ díghbhāil, Feis Tighe Chonáin 464 . narbham uan go n-acais fhaoil (i.e. a wolf in sheep's clothing), Aithd. D. 73.16 . lomnán d'imneadh is d'achais (sic), O'Hara 3262 . gapuis . . . ben oile . . . doigh ētta, imthnūith ┐ acaissi di, Fl. Earls 132.25 .

Of disease, illness (cf. is aon n-aicsina fo dera gallra ┐ aincesa, Laws v 352.19 ): rom-soerae, á Ísu / ar a.¤ cech thedmae from every disease, Fél. Ep. 518 . rot gob acais .i. mor galara, YBL 137a17 . indtan rob āiniom ndō, rotgab acais mōr (of disease of Emperor Constantine), ZCP iii 227.2 . galar gan a.¤ gan anbḟorlann, ALC ii 400.15 .

In concrete sense poison, venom: delg co n-acais ina chois co nderna tart ar feith inti `festering', BColm. 42.18 .

ainbeódacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainbeódacht or dil.ie/1170

n (beódacht) recklessness: ainbhéodhacht, mar atá duine dhá chor féin a nguasacht gan chúis gan riachtanas, Ó Héodhusa 226.12 = Parrth. Anma 3186 = Luc. Fid. 144.10 .

1 airber

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airber or dil.ie/1614

n [ā, f.] See Lochlann ii 209 . armful, bundle: a.¤ .i. frit anair bere .i. eter do dī lāim ar is fort muin ere [n-]aile, Corm. Y 58 . airbhir .i. ualach bheireas duine idir a dhá láimh, O'Cl. gabais airbir dib fria ais (of clubs thrown as missiles ), TBC-I¹ 391 . cóic ṡéoit i n-osolggud a thige díchmairc colpdach i n-airbir, Críth G. 212 . medón in tuimm luachra lee i n-airbir fo leith, Fing. R. 514 ( LL 271a12 ). tuc-som airbir bec oirthind fhota, PH 522 . Fig. cuilt ní saidhbhir 'mun Saidhbhsin / airbhir fhuilt ní hanaidhbhsigh, Magauran 1890 .

airis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airis or dil.ie/2127
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: aires, aires, irisse, irse, oires, -is, -esa

n Also aires. Form and inflection uncertain. Most forms indicate compd. of air- and 1 fis, whence u and o, m. But n s. aires, LU 6146 and g s. irisse, ZCP iii 243 § 46 , irse, Mon. Tall. 153.23 (§ 66) suggest a fem. ā-stem (which does not occur in meaning (a) below). No doubt two different words have fallen together in meaning (b). Identical with ires(s), Marstrander, Lochlann ii 210 . See LEIA oires (ó dhá chéill) m. (g s. and n p. -is, -esa), IGT Decl. § 38 .

(a) (fore-)knowledge: ro léicsem slóg forru cen airḟius unawares, LU 4784 (TBC). ná tístáis námhait fair cen airius inna chatraig, TTr.² 201 . co mbadar issind arucol . . . cen ḟis cen airḟis, Anecd. i 3.7 ( SCano 50 ). a tabairt do snadud as tualaing a turtaigthi mad cenairis snaite, Laws i 92.3 .i. mad cin fis faesma, 98.14 Comm. athgabail fir tairirid cen a.¤ fecheman toich, 194.21 .i. na fitir athgabail do gabail, 196.16 Comm. Perh. vn. of ar-finnathar.

(b) tryst, assignation, arrangement to meet: doboi iriss (.i. comdal) laiss do Galluib. Luid docum a irisse do Gallaib, ZCP iii 243 § 46 = iress, iresse, Comp. CC 39-40 . foceirtt lamae fair . . . commaranic caradrad irse `intercourse by tryst', Mon. Tall. 156.23 (§ 66) . asbert frie airm iressa `to arrange a place of meeting', Imr. Brain 42.10 . do rinne oiris . . . fa loing do tabairt i n-a aircis co Cend Traga, Celt. Rev. iv 16.16 . ? do N. na ḟir énoiris, IGT Decl. ex. 1031 . i n-a.¤ (with vb. of motion) to meet: tancatar . . . i n-herus C. (i noires v.l.) . . . is aire con deochatar sin i comdail C., TBC-LL¹ 1426 . tocht i n-herus inalta Feidilmthi, 556 . tánaic ind aires aodha uí D. gus an maighin sin came to meet O' D., AFM iv 1928.6 . In phr. a.¤ dála: i n-airius dála, SCano 309 . dogén airius dála frib, PH 3008 . in tan ticfad i n-a.¤ dála di[a] acallaim si. ar baí aires (.i. comdal) dála dissi ara barach fri C., LU 6146 (TBC). ar ní fuarsa co sse ingin follongad i n-airius dala imacallaim fón samail se frim who could hold her own with me in conversation at a tryst in this way, 10317 . tic in t-oclach a cind blíadne i n-a.¤ [a] dala, IT iii 194 § 29 . a.¤ catha meeting in battle, time of joining battle: airisin (for a.¤ in) catha .i. coinne chatha, O'Cl. o tanaic tra a.¤ an cathai moir, RC xii 96 § 127 . lotar do oiris an catha, § 129. co raibe tri la . . . and a noires chath[a] `awaiting battle', xviii 279.2 (Tig.). do thinoilsed Conmaicne ┐ Húi Briuin . . . a n-oiris catha do Thairrdelbach `to give battle to T.', 45.21 (Tig.). ised ro cinnset, anadh i n-a.¤ catha dóibh `to wait and meet them in battle', CCath. 132 . imat na slog dodec[h]atar i n-aires catha dó, 3042 . inn airius in morcatha, 4659

Of the person trysted with: dorala tria gabhra ar iris sainrethach d'fiachoibh ogo . . . ua foilid a iris ┐ a feichemh riamh a special friend owed him three horses . . . his friend and debtor welcomed him, Aisl. Tond. 93 § 2 = tarrla fiacha aige ar cumpanach airide dhó, 120 . In laudatory sense: flaith go roimheas 'gar ghnáth geall / oirios do chách go coitchenn, L. Cl. A. B. 140.32 . Cf. eiris.

Compd. do-rinnedar imram . . . an-athlam oiris-beg expeditious, ML² 658 .

aithḟrital

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithḟrital or dil.ie/2654

n (frital) act of repeating, etc.: amhail adeir Beda, ag aithfhriotal bhriathar na mBreathnach, Keat. ii 6108 . gan aithfhriotal aon nidh dhá ndubhairt roimhe, Eochairsg. 124.9 . an tan do-chluin féin a mhítheist dá haithfhriotal being discussed, TSh. 1739 .

aithmélach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithmélach or dil.ie/2746

Forms: aithméilech

adj o, ā (aithméla). Also aithméilech.

(a) a ngēirsgiūrsadh go himnáir aithmēlach seachnōin na srāide ignominiously , Fl. Earls 64.10 .

(b) remorseful, contrite, grief-stricken: as aithrech aithmelach lem a ndernus I am sorry for what I have done, BNnÉ 237 § 162 . ba haithmhēlach imnāir lé a ndorōine, Fl. Earls 34.19 . aithmhéileach dhúin a ndéanmais, TD 3.6 . caoi ḟir aithmhéalaigh the cry of a grief-stricken man, Aithd. D. 78.18 . Adv. docuaidh dha íarraid co himnideach aithmhelach `in anxiety and contrition' (of a priest who had lost the consecrated Host), Ériu ii 82.23 . rugatar as an adaig sin go haitmélach, gan ol gan aibhnes despondently, Celt. Rev. iv 10.1 .

2 aithnid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aithnid or dil.ie/2762
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: aithnigid, aithintigid

v (2 aithne). Also aithnigid, aithintigid. Replaces earlier ad-gnin, q.v. IGT Verbs § 54 .

(a) knows (usually of a process rather than a state), comes to know, realizes, understands: inti nach aithnenn amail gebtar in athgabail, Laws i 84.25 Comm. ni aicnebhad . . . nech a dliged fein, 156.5 Comm. = ní aichénadh, O'D. 505 ( H 3.17, 410 - 411 ). ? seoit ag na haicinter lacht ┐ gnimrad, iii 380.16 Comm. `? `seds' from which there is no expectation of milk . . .', Plummer MS. notes. atiur-sa breithir nach raichnea . . . sluag acallma Ulad that you cannot know (= will not find) a host to equal the U., TBC-LL¹ 5087 . bail . . . i n-aichenad in lín do rigaib . . . rogenfed uait, Aen. 1429 . nir' aithned dia sloghuibh beith for eilifaintibh riam co sin `riding on elephants had not been known to', Marco P. 115 . anois aithnim an t-iul díreach, DDána 25a.24 . ? gnāth a gnato .i. ēolchaigim nō aichtigim (for aichnigim?), Corm. Y 706 .

(b) recognises, knows (i.e. at sight, immediately) (person, thing etc.): corom aichnistar iaraim, LU 3674 ( SCC § 32 ). in aithnechta madh cethea in iaraidh sin?, ZCP v 501.33 (= inn-dathgnitae, IT i 144.21 ). aithéontar misi let mar sin you will recognise me, Ériu v 184.379 . dia n-aichintigtís a ecosc, TTr.² 1663 . ni haithenntaigi iat sech aroile, Stair Erc. 1817 . do athain C. guth an pecthaigh, BNnÉ 152 § 20 . da fechain an aitheonadh an Papa a legend fen, ZCP x 236.14 . rabhad rogaisi d'ógaib aichénus `a warning of wisdom to the youths who will recognise it', MR 302.14 . an ro athinset lucht na cille dia ccrudh `such part of their cattle as the people . . . were able to recognise', AFM iii 288.15 .

With AR introducing characteristic or mark by which something is recognised: trí ara n-aichnider cech fergach, Triads 188 . ar Thadhg aithintear gur fhíor / sgéala an draoi, Aithd. D. 10.21 . aithnimíd ar a siobhal iad, Desid. 1844 . aichnid fora eirread co mba filid, FDG 595 .

(c) recognises, perceives, notices (a fact, state of affairs): ra rímit ┐ ra harmit ┐ ra achnít cor batar cutrumma it was realized that they were equal, TBC-LL¹ 69 . in firinde aithnighit na baoith . . . ┐ na gaoith, O'Dav. 156 . ní aithnim fós go bhfuair mé / síothcháin, Dán Dé xvii 31 . gur aithneas t'olcas d'fhior chumainn `till I saw how evil a companion thou wert', Dán Dé xix 10 . baoghal orm-sa má aithnionn `if he see me in danger', Content. ix 29 . éagcóir do haithneadh oraibh it is clear that you have suffered injustice, DDána 68.6 . vn. (from aithnigid): do chuindchid na cenn dia n-aithniugud, Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 54 § 10 . mar is āil leat a thuigsin agas a aithniughadh, Carswell 1249 . do chum thusa dhā aithniughadh, 2582 . is é fundameint, agus tossach na muinigin is jonchurtha jn n’Dia é féjn aithniughadh?, Adtimchiol 3 § 14 .

almsa

Cite this: eDIL s.v. almsa or dil.ie/3002

Forms: almsan, almsa, -adha, almsan, almsain, almsana, almsaine

n (Lat. eleēmosyna). O. Ir. almsan ā, f. Later almsa m. (pl. -adha), IGT Decl. § 2 . f. (g s. and g p. almsan. n p. almsain), § 8 . Note also g s. (or g p.?) almsana, Ann. Conn. 1336.2 . almsaine, Metr. Dinds. iv 322.36 may be another form of sg.

Alms (usually in sg. but occas. also in pl.): is ind almsan arafocair anúas `it is the alms he suggests above', Wb. 16d7 . ni epur frib in n-almsin berar do hI., ibid. resind almsin, 16c6 . oc ailli a almsine, 16d2 . tabairt inna almsine, 16c21 . dobeirsom ainm bendachtan dond almsin, 16d14 . tabairt almsan, Ml. 103b13 . almsan quasi elim-son ab elimoysina .i. ar is ard fogar na halmsan, Corm. Y 25 . figell, āine, ernaigthe, | almsan tan nos-gēne, Ériu ii 172 § 5 . abstanit ┐ gabail necnairci ┐ almsanae ` almsgiving ', Mon. Tall. 133.26 (§ 18) . doberat almsana bíd ┐ etaig, LU 2384 . mur argdidi . . . día n-almsanaib, LU 2194 . a.¤ ar neamh ┐ neach fāi, ACL iii 236 § 8 . a.¤ menic maith, LL 18896 . go dtug Brian fáinne óir . . . i n-almsain ar altóir Árdamacha, Ériu i 82 § 16 . romarb cách díb araile / ac cosnam a n-almsaine, Metr. Dinds. i 18.68 . monaidh óir a n-almsodha, DDána 100.16 . tabhruidh ní dhamhsa ar mo dhuain / a rí ┐ a.¤ a n-énúair, IGT Decl. ex. 117 . do dhearlaic sibhsi . . . / . . . / do dhá ghoirmdhearc dhamhsa am dhall / a.¤ bhus oirdhearc agam, Studies 1921, 258 § 7 .

alp

Cite this: eDIL s.v. alp or dil.ie/3009

n lump, loose mass: cnaigeann an bocht gach a.¤ , GJ iv 210a10 . alpa a dhá amhchrobh, Measgra D. 6.7 . alpa lumps, bulks, masses , P. O'C.

1 alt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 alt or dil.ie/3016
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: a., alta, altæ, altu, alta, ailt, a.

n Orig. u, m.? ( cech a.¤ , Ml. 44d2 , but ald n-airge, ACL iii 293.z , cech n-a.¤ ┐ cech n-ága, TTr.² 492 and pass.). g p. -altæ, Corm. Y 41 , alta, RC xv 487 § 1 = altæ, Ériu xix 58 § 1 . Note also a p. altu, Fél. Ep. 323 (alta, v.l.). Later with g s. alta and ailt, n p. id., g p. a.¤ , IGT Decl. § 96 .

I

(a) joint, articulation (in human beings and animals): don a.¤ gl. jugulum, Gild. Lor. 69 gl. 201 . a.¤ día altaib = iunctura membrorum (of a serpent), Aisl. Tond. 109 § 4 . rolaad cach a.¤ asa choir dam gl. ita totus resolutus sum, Ml. 44d2 . mér airindí bīs ina aonar isin a.¤ i mbī, Corm. Y 890 . robīth Cūchulaind co ndec[h]aid a altaib dō so that his joints were dislocated, TBC-I¹ 2962 . For a different use with verbs see below. cach mball ┐ cach n-a.¤ ┐ cach n-ind ┐ cach n-āge, LU 6445 (TBC). lamh airgíd . . . edír mér ┐ a.¤ , BB 32b40 . tri halta atat isin meor, PH 6837 . cen tescud alta na feithe, Laws v 488.5 Comm. ar a.¤ a dhroma, RC xxix 138 § 56 . d'altaibh in droma, Rosa Angl. 98.19 . do benadh a throigh on a.¤ amach do mhac U., AFM vi 1884.15 . an deaslámh do dhol dá ha.¤ , DDána 21a. 22 . Fig. no gur sguch mh'annsa dha ha.¤ `till my heart left its wonted place', Ériu ix 6.55 . cíoch rér tairngeadh a fhíoch dá a.¤ , PBocht 2.4 . Cf. TBC-I¹ 2962 cited above. Occas. perh. limb: an dara dairt . . . / feoil is ailt ar a hionchuibh flesh and limbs are entrusted to it (of an arrow), DDána 78.13 . gan ghoin ag Dia ní fhoil aon-a.¤ / is lia ná soin daonnacht Dé, Dán Dé x 12 , cf. Keating's use of alt, goin below. Note also: chomhdhubh re gúal gach n-ailt dhe o bhonn go a bhathus, RC xxix 114.10 .

(b) Extended applications. Of the socket of a weapon: co tarrla [in sleg] ina ha.¤ . . . féin, Acall. 4905 . ro lingiustar in lann . . . as a altaib ┐ as a imdornnchur, MR 300.9 . Of some part of a sword: da claidim deg co n-altaib, BB 280b15 . tucustar tri tren beimenna do cruadaltaib in claidim `hard knobs', MR 300.24 . Note also: co n-a.¤ imrind, Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 37 . Of curls in hair: i n-earla na n-a.¤ , DDána 91.30 (of a hero).

II In literary contexts.

(a) Used by Keating (Keat., TSh.) of a subdivision of a book (leabhar), with further subdivision goin punctum, see guin, and cf. Dán Dé x 12 cited above. Perh. also in: mé dot ath-ghoin san a.¤-sa, Content. xxiv 4 (`now').

(b) Of the division between the syllables of words: indleas do dhialt . . . air ni fil a.¤ and i.e. it is improper to apply the name of any polysyllable (`recomarc', etc.) to a `dialt' (monosyllable), inasmuch as there is no a.¤ (juncture) in it, it is a unit, Auraic. 779 , 3582 . a.¤ ┐ dialt ┐ recomarc, O'Dav. 428 . a.¤ in anma prosta in re n-aimsire bis eter in da shillaib a inni, Auraic. 830 . in gne no in cenel int a.¤? Is cenel ecin, ar itat tri gnee fai .i. a.¤ saerda ┐ a.¤ aicenta ┐ a.¤ co feser, 890 . cate esse alta? . . . in toe tengadh fil don filid a[c] ceimniughudh don litir for araili mad a.¤ saerda no don sillaib for araili mad a.¤ aicenta artificial division (within a syllable), natural division (between syllables), 909 .

(c) metre (type of composition?): cia ha.¤ dona seacht n-altaib ind aircetail, Auraic. 925 . domiditer alta uad fri alta duine, 1237 . alta uad, IT iii 128.2 . co fesear cia ha.¤ huad, 3 . ca ha.¤ don maoin nachar mēin? (.i. ca haiste don eladain nachar foghlaim?) (B. na f.), ZCP v 489 § 10 . is dīlsiu don a.¤ airc[h]etail īsiu, Corm. Y 41 . do ṡluind na n-ilaltæ, ib. a.¤ .i. aircetail, O'Dav. 6 . ae a.¤ , 160 . co n-a ollaltaib cen ail (of poets), LL 18266 ( SG 84.44 ).

III Abstract applications.

(a) juncture, point (of time, etc.): ra ha.¤ na h-uaire sin, CRR 18 § 12 . a.¤ in lai sin `this very day', CCath. 5110 . i na.¤ in inaidh-sea `the nick or juncture of this place', 502 (see O'Cl. in (c) below). rob indethbir a gabail do láim a.¤ na huaire sin, O'D. 1588 (H 5.15, 8a).

(b) shape, form: an choill aig eirghe ina ha.¤ féin, BNnÉ 159 § 14 . in n-óige ailt in completeness of form, RC xxxvii 348 § 57 . Cf. Colmán . . . / la hógi a.¤ légend `with perfection of high studies', Fél. Sept. 26 . Luacair ard i toethsat fir / fuithi ata a.¤ in buanfir, Fen. 374.14 . ?tug an tAthair na a.¤ féin / a mhac (`in His stead'), A. Ó Dálaigh viii 3 .

(c) kind, sort: cia haltt delbi, PH 440 . cía ha.¤ con etir, Mer. Uil. 282 . cia ha.¤ dáine cia n-anmand, TFerbe 564 . cia ha.¤ airgne agat?, Metr. Dinds. iv 212.40 . ? ni ha.¤ coindircle maith do denam fria n-aen duin ┐ olc fri cach, YBL 168a14 . a.¤ .i. leithéid. in a.¤ an ionaidhsi .i. a leithéid an ionaidhsi, O'Cl.

(d) state, condition, circumstance: iarom bá halacht in ben / ropo mára.¤ airmiten, LU 4312 . ? nirbu mall marb-a.¤ don mnái, Metr. Dinds. iii 50.23 (` death-dirge '). gillai Chonnacht co caími / dáini ra troma.¤ truagi, TFerbe 626 . lén-a.¤ `sorry plight', Misc. Hag. Hib. 28 § 42 . ? a a.¤ a olcc / a chacht a chorp, IT iii 84 § 75 . Perh. also: créad do ghéandais san a.¤ (: falt) úd `in that case', PBocht 13.41 . Hence in phr. i n-a.¤ with gen. in a position to, able to: ná tathaoir T. / 's gan é i n-a.¤ bhur n-agallmha `as he cannot answer you', Content. iv l . ó taoi-se i n-a.¤ mh'agallmha, v l. gan é i n-a.¤ a agallmha it was impossible to speak to him(?), DDána 100.25 .

(e) way, manner: atat tri altai leusom for ind gabail i.e. they have three ways of chanting the psalms, Mon. Tall. 140.28 (§ 33) . noco n-a.¤ dōib taurcbāil a coss do neachtar de seach araile it is not their way (of two who always kept in step), TBC-I¹ 3312 . a.¤ mog mo coire (.i. is ē so gnīmrad mo coire), Anecd. v 23.5 . is ucht ra mórdílind a.¤ neich mar sein i trad-sa `action of anyone', CRR 40 . is essarcain cind fri hallib a.¤ neich mar sain, 42 . Freq. with prep. FO: nod slaid fón a.¤ cétna in the same manner, LU 3287 ( SCC 8 ). fond a.¤ sin, LL 280a23 ( SG 415.16 ). Also in phr. as cech a.¤ : cóir áli riu as cach a.¤ , LL 374c60 . fuaradar eg as cach a.¤ , MacCarthy 434 § 4 . But see: a Muire, mo bennacht ort | as cech n-alt 'O Mary, my blessing on thee in every part' Ériu xix 13 § 1 . ? a.¤ dár séan an binnse bláth `this brilliant Bench (sc. of justice) hath been our welfare's hinge', Ó Bruad. ii 276.20 .

Very common in chevilles: a.¤ cen imresain, SR 6038 . a.¤ co mbuadhaib, Anecd. i 73 § 215 . ald n-airge, ACL iii 293.z . drong tria a.¤ , IT i 78.31 . cen altu áig, Metr. Dinds. iv 98.91 . aichre a.¤ , Rawl. 148a3 .

Compds. ¤-bisech: th'earla bhíos ag breith ailtbhisigh increasing in length (?), DDána 114.6 . ¤-chaín: mānāis leathanglas fordūal altchāin uindsenn, TBC-I¹ 3346 `on a fair shaft of ash', Faraday. ¤-cháem: dfoghadhaibh altchaémha uinnsionn beautiful ash-handled javelins, AFM vi 2130.4 . ¤-chóir: aenmac altc[h]ōir, RC xxxvii 348 § 60 . ¤-géimnech: alt-gheimnech a n-a. `cracking of their joints', MR 256.20 . ¤-gorm: cloidhme altgorma, CF 880 . ¤-lethan: Echaid a. big-limbed, Fen. 28.22 .

amgar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amgar or dil.ie/3132

adj (1 gar) With unlen. -g-, TSh. Gloss ., cf. amhghar: adhbhar, TD 14.4 , DDána 1.4 .

(a) difficult, troublesome, distressful: amhghar dhamhsa an deónughadh, TD 14.4 . Compar. cás as amhghaire, Aithd. D. 45.8 . As predicate with pronominal subject distressed, miserable (? or as adv.): tú go cian ó chiontaibh Éabha / amhghar sibh ar son bhar ngaoil, Magauran 1484 . ámghar sinn dar ccrádh fan cclainn, Rel. Celt. ii 232.z . is amhghar atamaid anosa `we are in trouble now', ZCP vi 292.16 . Adv. ag sile déor . . . co hamhgar, Oss. v 134.10 . ? a.¤ thugsat achmusán `bitterly they began chiding', Ériu i 26.172 .

(b) As subst. o, m. difficulty, perplexity, inconvenience; affliction, distress: gach amhgar da tarrla etir in imper ┐ R. disagreement , Fier. 13 . díoth orm is éigin orra / atú i n-amhghar eatorra `I am in a strait between the two', TD 44.4 . fuacht, teasbach, íota . . . ┐ gach amhgar oile, TSh. 517 . fil amhgar mór isin tír so .i. tuile cuiledh, BNnÉ 80 § 160 . mór n-amhghar, DDána 1.4 . méala an t-amhghar so d'fulang (`the grievance'), Miscell. Celt. Soc. 364.z . tar éis an ámhgair úd, Mark xiii 24 . dethfrighidh a hamhgar `affliction', Jeremiah xlviii 16 . lúathghairighios fá amhgar `is glad at calamities', Proverbs xvii 5 . In special constructions: tabhair don lucht bhias na amghar he `give it to the people who need it', Ériu v 138 § 125 . do dhearlaic sibhsi . . . / tré bheith 'na n-amhghar oruinn / do dhá ghoirmdhearc dhamhsa am dhall. . . . , Studies 1921, 258 § 7 . With gar: gar fallsa amhghar Éabha `her deceptive gain meant trouble for Eve(?)', Aithd. D. 69.29 . gar is amhgar, PBocht 26.3 .

amrí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amrí or dil.ie/3211

n (rí) non-king, commoner: itir ri[g] ┐ amrig `both king and subject', BCrólige 5 . cid righ cid amhrighaibh (sic) ro gabait ag etargaire dha chon a congal, O'Curry 2527 ( Eg. 88, fo. 43 (44)d) . o rigaib co hamrigaib, Laws v 466.18 .i. grada feine, 470.10 Comm.

anád

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anád or dil.ie/3266

n (ád) ill-luck, misfortune: anágh cinnte dhá chine, KMMisc. 248 § 8 . truag an tanágh, BNnÉ 241 n.4 (an tanshodh, text). mo selb uile cen a.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 62.109 . na trí hanágha . . . do bhí . . . a ndiaigh na croiche, mar atá mallacht, leimhe ┐ bruid, Eochairsg. 34.4 . U. amhra gan anágh, Irish Texts iv 58.23 .

anáesach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anáesach or dil.ie/3278

adj o, ā (áesach) youthful: ridire . . . óg anaosach, Dhá Sg. Art. 676 . macaomh óg anaosach, ITS xxiv 116.11 .

? argtha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? argtha or dil.ie/4152

ind ba tamhán Aodh ar an fhiodhbha phailme / ba a.¤ líonta dhá bhfineamhna, Oss. v 140.15 .

1 arthrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 arthrach or dil.ie/4332

Forms: a., -aigh, -aighi, arrtharach

n o, m. a.¤ (g s. -aigh. n p. -aighi) m., IGT Decl. § 55 . Cf. aitherrach (atharrach), and see O'Rahilly SGS ii 21 . Also arrtharach.

(a) act of ferrying; conveyance: na sochaidi isi[n] purt a[c] cuindghid arrtharaigh fair `entreating him to be ferried over', Aen. 1315 . ni thabrad arrtharach doib tar sruth aciron, 1317 . ní dom a.¤ is olc leam, Measgra D. 50.25 `journey', Gadelica 13 .

(b) ferry-boat, boat, ship: ní fuaradar a.¤ ann acht énluingín, Stair Erc. 2267 . ná cuir lán an arrthruigh ind / dál anfaidh resan ainim, IGT Decl. ex. 903 . do breith in Erennaich . . . dar muir gen artrach, Auraic. 76 v.l. (gen airiugudh, text). do chuirsiod arthraigh uatha ar Loch nEachach, Keat. iii 2504 . go raibh sé trí céad a.¤ (aturrach v.l.) ann, Ériu i 79 § 6 . artrigi in locha, Ann. Conn. 1225.17 . ro sccaoilsiot a n-arthraighe ó aroile, AFM iii 90.4 . tangattar . . . chúca i narthraighibh, ii 1060.11 . a.¤ Dhá Thí Ireland , Measgra D. 54.51 . Vessel (as container) : im árthach galair `a hulk of sadness', Ó Bruad. i 26 § 1 . mar budh mhiann liom an t-árthach / bheith lán gan aén chínnteacht, Hard. i 192.7 .

asna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. asna or dil.ie/4459

Forms: esna, asnao

n m. IGT Decl. § 2 . Also esna. rib. Of a person or animal: eter cach da a.¤ do, LU 8400 ( FB 27 ). asnao (sic) Fínain Chaim `a rib from F.C.'s body', Arch. Hib. iv 206 § 11 . co mebdatár a hasnai indi, LU 6207 (TBC). dam-a.¤ ┐ torcasnai cethri traigid fichet fod an damh-a.¤ , ZCP iii 460.11 . mebait mh'asnæ fuidb / mo chride-se is crú, TBC-LL¹ 3960 . brúifet tria a.¤ a tháeib, 1287 . ? srathar .i. ar sreith na n-esnad bīt, Corm. Y 1177 . do ghlac sé aon dá asnaibh . . . ┐ an t-a.¤ do bhean . . . as an duine, Gen. ii 21 - 22 . do bhí trí a.¤ iona bhéul, Dan. vii 5 . faoí an ccúigeadh easna, 2 Samuel ii 23 .

Other applications: asnai creiti in charpait, TBC-I¹ 2872 . ? ba hairecna . . . in tsuillse mór sin tria a.¤ drochu na carbut, BDD² 590 (see note). d'asnaibh cófra a gceannoigheadh `of the sides of their merchants' coffers', TD 16.26 . ? asna aball trena lige through her grave grew an apple tree, Dinds. 17 ( RC xv 309 ) (cf. roas ibar tritsiden, ib.). Fig. nír beanadh a.¤ dhá fhonn `no portion of his land was taken', O'R. Poems 1629 and Gloss.

athardacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athardacht or dil.ie/4649

n (artharda) patrimony: banntigerna budh mó inme ┐ atharrdhacht na tusa d'faghail, ZCP vi 81.33 . ionann athardhacht aithreadh, TD 26.44 . o mhalairt a athardhacht[a], Deuteronomy xviii 8 . as inann nadúir do'n duine ┐ do'n aingel ┐ o dha-peccaid in duine dochóid se in a.¤ ó'n aingel `severed himself from the angel', PH 7434 .

baccán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. baccán or dil.ie/5083
Last Revised: 2019

n o, m. (bacc) hook; applied to a variety of hook-shaped or angled objects: brefe .i. corran no bacan no drolam, O'Dav. 272. bacan dron . . ./. . . for cech noenḟolaig a strong clasp on each covering, SR 4295. na mbaccan oir . . . no bidis a cimsaib na n-anairt, BB 242a14 . ina chathcarpat . . . cona baccánaib ┐ cona bircrúadib (hooks as offensive weapons), LU 6480. coíca echlasc findruine co mb.¤ órda for cinn cech áe, TBFr. 32. Cf. TFerbe 37 . sutralla glonide for lasad . . . for . . . baccanaib, ZCP xvii 231.20 . bacan na bainfighidh baoi hi llaimh E. `distaff', BNnÉ 191.4 . bacán siuil bainfighidh, Mart. Don. 32.8 . coíca gabhar . . . go srianaib ┐ go mbacánaibh créumha, xxxv 26 = muncib, LL 7276. fuaid lethar ar bacanuib an tsrein `on the hooks of the bridle', Celtica ii 48.36 . Of bend of arm, leg, etc. (cf. 1 bacc): do gái-se . . . tarrsna ar bacánaibh mo lámh, SG 66.8 . a mbacán m'iosgaide, Dhá Sg. Art. 1715. b.¤ áe some part of the liver (?): fearg sa domlus áe, saint sa bacan áe, Ériu ix 63.4 . intan adearar in grad do beith on bacan áe is do bacan áe na n-en tuicir é, 24 (cf. saint i mbaccaib óe, ACL iii 223.9 ). Fig. macámh | do chuir don tsluagh bacán bróin 'a youth ... who took from the host their tether of affliction', Giolla Brighde 74 § 2​ .

1 báeth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 báeth or dil.ie/5139
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: baíd, bóeth, baid

adj o, ā. Also baíd, baíth, bóeth.

I

(a) foolish, stupid, silly, thoughtless, reckless; of animals, wind irrational, wild, innocent, wayward: baid gl. stultus, Wb. 8d8 (a prima manu). deilb mordraige ┐ fir boith, Ml. 52. mall no baéth gl. hebes, Sg. 66a5 . baeth. .i. faoth quasi fatu[u]s , O'Mulc. 118. deich mba mboetha im gach mboethan, Fél. 88.32 . dáig at báetha cialla ban, LU 3996 ( SCC 45 ). a Fir Baíth is b.¤ do fecht, 6032 . in tond baeth bhorr (of Fer Diad), TBC-LL¹ 4185. is bōeth do neoch renus fír/ar ascnam i tīr na pīan, ZCP vii 498.4 . [b]aoth .i. olc . . . .i. is olc ní cradh Dé, O'Dav. 192. hech baeth, RC xx 174 § 39 (ACC Comm.). in breo baoth reckless , AFM ii 902.20 . Compar. is minic . . . nach baoithe an chlann ioná a n-athair, Donlevy 332.4 . Adv. do imthig roimpe co baoth barr-[ud]mall waywardly (of the wind), ML² 713.

(b) In Laws applied to one not fully responsible either through nonage or mental deficiency (opp. to 1 gáeth): fofuasna ide a c[h]uru uile mat baith `wenn sie töricht sind', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 46 § 22. fer (= fír, Fianaig. 30.29 ) mná báithe dlomthar sceo gaithe, O'Dav. 209.

(c) wanton, licentious: cacha baitsaige .i. . . . is leisin mnai mbaith in lenam donither ria, Laws v 454.8 Comm. a ndail mná baithe, IT iii 16 § 40. diammbése b.¤ if I were wanton, LU 8332 ( FB 24 ). cosc mnā bóithe do drúis, MacCongl. 73.2 (of a hopeless proceeding).

As pseudo-n. pr. cóic maccu maithe .i. Baeth ┐ Bras . . ., Dinds. 161 ( RC xvi 280.17 ).

II As subst.

(a) fool, idiot; in baid gl. idiotae, Wb. 12d35 (a prima manu). don báith no dond oscar gl. idiotae, 12d16 . imrechtatar báith baethu B. .i. ro imaigetar . . . na baethu eochu baetha B., O'Dav. 1076. ro selgatar rótu/nád soréid la báethu (of the saints), Fél. Prol. 30. ? goth gruce golfad breice/baeth críche, Auraic. 5289.

(b) In Laws one who is legally incapacitated on mental grounds: dilmuin do boethuib . . . is dilmuin . . . dona hecodnuchuibh, Laws ii 82.7 . ni cria do baeth . . ., do mnaí, do cimid, iii 58.6 . iasacht cungnuma do baethaib, v 490.3 . cor baith fri gaet, Coibnes 5 n.1 . aithghin a nedgi boith no meic, Laws i 272.x Comm. imchomét a baíth ┐ a gaíth, Ériu xx 168.77 . itir baoth ┐ gaoth, ar as a belaib baoith .i. na lēighes ┐ gaoith .i. lēighis, dlutar gach nós, O'Curry 2280 ( Eg. 88, 21a ). b.¤ (┐) gáeth term for some class of legally irresponsible person: in caeptha ┐ in finelogh, b.¤ ┐ gaeth, ┐ in fer lethchuind—ceithre hanmanna sin ar in fer lethchuind, O'Curry 982 (H. 3.18, 423a). baeth gaeth, 1392 (631b). Cf. fenelaig (.i. baith no gaith), Bürgschaft 19 § 59.

Compds. searc gach baothmhná light woman (?), DDána 89.27 . ge béo anocht ar bhaithbendaibh wild (?) peaks, BS 86.7 . nacham luaid dot' baethbriatraib wanton words (Joseph to Potiphar's wife), SR 3186. ar baoithchéill . . . ó mheisge nó ó chraos, Eochairsg. 105.33 . brón baoithchridhe ban `wayward hearts', Studies 1920, 99 § 10 . do bhaothghlóir na beatha aimseardha `empty glory' (Gloss.), TSh. 606. dá bhaothghnúis éididh ionghualaigh (of the devil), Aithd. D. 76.10 . cid día mbúpthai na báethlaegu innocent calves, LU 1752. an baothlaogh allaidh, DDána 80.29 . don bháothleim sin reckless leap, RC xxix 122 § 22 . baethlenum becc innocent child, Acall. 6283. do dhá bhaothmhama thug masla do lígh an lile tender breasts, Hackett xx 45 . iarsin baethréim rucsat Ulaid dar Herind reckless course, LL 22076. in bi[th] cona báethrennaib the world with its irrational elements, Ériu iv 106 § 60. Cf. baíd.

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