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1 aithech,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aithech, or dil.ie/2605
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: athach, athaig

n o, m. (aithe). See LEIA a.¤ (cóir), athach, eathach (lochdach) m., IGT Decl. § 11 , § 55 . Note however, athaig (g s.): athair, Éigse viii 290 § 12 and n. 0

Lit. rent-payer; vassal, peasant .

(a) In legal contexts used of a particular class of tenant and sometimes to describe the commoner as opposed to the noble. See Críth G. p. 74 ; ZCP xv 245 . ethach .i. quasi aithech .i. doniter a aithe for neach, O'Curry 105 ( H 3.18, 70 ). a.¤ .i. fer braith ut est taidhe cach a.¤ .i. is amail gataide in fer braith nó in fer forinaiter féich, O'Dav. 37 . Cf. táid gach a.¤ | a.¤ gach ainbh, Ériu xiii 20.14 . a.¤ = briuga, Harl. 5280, 53b (Plummer MS. notes). athaigh .i. íocaidhe, O'Cl. flaith ┐ a.¤ `lord and vassal', Thes. ii 238.12 ( Ardm. 17a2 ). fri tige cach na.¤ , Ml. 92d15 . athaig ┐ bachlaich domeled sin uile, SCano 345 . flaith athuigh na bid flaith a athair i.e. a noble whose father was a commoner, `Bauer-Herr', ZCP xv 245 § 4 . ní dlig a.¤ mraich cor[o]p flaith, Críth G. 254 . díre n-aithig honour-price paid by an a., 530 . athich cacha slointe di ṡhund huma anechclann the commoners of every family from here on with their e., Rawl. 118b38 . adnacol do cholaind aithich thuaithe a peasant of the tribe (laity?), RC x 82.12 . soifid roúall . . . i mmaccu a.¤ .i. grád fene no chille, LL 188c1 ( RC xxvi 42.1 ). ait[h]ech cách co hEogan húais, ZCP viii 299 z . ísel cech athech, Tec. Corm. § 15.15 . ó a.¤ co righ, ML² 836 . athig i comairli ríg / mairg tír i tic in scél, Ériu ix 48 § 23 . aondath i n-éadach moghaidh, dá dhath i n-éadach an aithigh, Keat. ii 1918 . aithigh Laighion / siad ós maithibh measfuidhior, LBranach 5776 = DDána 117.16 . gach saoirfhear ann badh aitheach, 72.32 . Prov.: as ait[h]ech cāch gan deōladh no one is so exalted but he can do with assistance(?), ML² 162 .

With qualifying clause, gen., etc. a.¤ ara-threba a deich (so called because his stock is numbered in tens, and represented as standing midway between the ócaire and the bóaire, Críth G. p. 77 ): cateat fodlai bóairech? dá ḟer midboth(a) ┐ óccaire ┐ a.¤ arathreba a deich, 17 . a.¤ arathreba a deich, deichde a búar sidi, 132 . a.¤ baitside (baitsid, baitse), meaning doubtful; is é a.¤ baitside inso dia mbé in[n]a enncai cen gait, cen brait cen guin doíne acht láa catha nó nech toṡaig a chenn fair, Críth G. 142 and n. a.¤ forrtha (fortha), one appointed to take the king's place in legal actions against him, see forrtha.¤ im athechu bunaid (.i. na aithig ḟortha) im athechu cis (.i. na doerchele), Cóic Con. 21 § 14 .

(b) In pejorative sense churl, boor, uncouth person: contall a chenn dind aithiuch labar, Ml. 58c6 . in triar a.¤ . . . ro anacht Cú Ch., BDD² 1287 . robo leanamnach int a.¤ (aidech, LU), TBC-I¹ 1207 . ni thecat da fuapairt / acht [mad] athig mith, TBC-LL¹ 3371 (see meth). is duit dosratsam ┐ ni dont ṡenaithiuch ucat (of Rónán), Fing. R. 67 . ni tú as cóir dia chairigud . . . a.¤ samlut (of Lugaid Mac Con), RC xiii 438 § 9 . bríathra athig churlish words, LU 5450 (TBC). in t-eathach, Acall. 5532 . dias aitheach oc ingairi cairech, YBL 122a2 . cumala ┐ athig na Pers, Alex. 390 . athig ┐ doeraicme, TTr.² 1303 . ar ba haitheach somh a h-ucht treóin `being a plebeian representative of a hero', AFM iii 178.17 . a tigh aithigh ┐ áonmná / caithidh sibh an cáomlá ar cúairt, IGT Decl. ex. 363 .

In phr. a.¤ feda base tree (oppd. to aire feda). Used of letters of the alphabet: athaigh feada, Laws iv 146.19 , 24 . airigh fedha ┐ athaig fedha . . . athaig fedha .i. fern, sail, bethi etc., Auraic. 1151 = aithig, 4249 .

(c) giant, monster: immacomarnaic dó ┐ don scál. tresi cluchi ind athig, LU 8538 ( FB § 39 ). da aitheach forgranna, Aisl. Tond. 98 § 1 . ar neimib a n-arm na n-athach n-uathmar n-agarbh, BB 43b1 . lorg in fhathaigh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1006 . ris an athach darbh ainm Goliath, TSh. 10937 . combarala dam ┐ dond a.¤ (of the Cyclops), Mer. Uil. 56 . ethach ┐ arderrad ┐ fogmoir, Stair Erc. 1290 . is i in [n]aithir neime .i. in t-a.¤ aingide (of the custodian of the Garden of the Hesperides), 254 . tú an aithir sheang . . . / is ceann aithigh uirrei-se, DDána 50.10

COMPDS. ¤-aicme vassal tribe: seacht n-aitheachaicme robadar isin tir re tiachtain de Uib Eachach, ZCP xiv 44 § 6 . ¤-lus lit. churl's herb (protection against the evil eye ? Celtica xxiv 38 ): righlus ┐ tarblus ┐ a. . . . a. do ghradaibh feine, O'D. 2365 ( Rawl. B. 506, f. 43b ). ¤-matad base dog (term of contempt): ni tocrad dam int aitheachmattud [do] gleid (glieid, LU) frisin coin moir, TBC-I¹ 1228 . aithechmadad druthsotal, 1594 . ciarso dúal don athiuch-matud saigid forsin árchoin, TBC-LL¹ 1935 . ¤-phort rent-paying town: trí aithechpuirt (.i. bailte bodaich) Hérenn: Clúain Iraird, Glenn Dá Locha, Lugbad, Triads 33 and note p. 36.

¤-thúath subject people (see Mac Neill, Early Irish Population-Groups, PRIA xxix (C) 59 - 114 , O'Rahilly, EIHM p. 154 ff. ): ro díbdáit uili cland Ugaine Máir la athechthúathaib Herend . . . ┐ ro gabsat athechthuatha Herend flathemnas Temrach, LL 7308 . ba di athechthuathaib Herend dó, 14616 . na haitheachthúatha ┐ Cinél Conaill . . . ag argain an bhaile, Ériu v 76.16 . le daorchlannaibh nó lé hathachthuathaibh Éireann, Keat. ii 3702 . annam lib athechthuatha do tháinsemad bartrenfer, LL 238b25 ( TTr. 1617 ).

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amrán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amrán or dil.ie/3203

 

Forms: ambrán

n o, m. (amar) ambrán, PH 889 . singing, song: esnad .i. abhran, O'Dav. 777 . a.¤ sin na mban, Metr. Dinds. ii 30.61 . bind re hÍsu a amran, Gorm. May 9 . feras amran frim dá droch which sings against my two wheels, O'Mulc. 350 ( LL 275a3 ). Prov. is a.¤ ri cruit cen chéis / sinni . . . i.e. we are like a ship without a rudder, LU p. 22 note c ( AFM i 216 ). do-gní a.¤ : ní fiu trompa mar gní sé an t-abrán, O'Gr. Cat. 617.4 . dorinneadar abhrán orm, Psalms lxix 12 . Of poems composed in `amrán' metre (as oppd. to dán díreach): is é an t-abhrán ro fhalaigh / a n-éadáil a n-ealadhain / do sgar an daghdhán re a dhath / abhrán ban ┐ bachlach, Magauran 3664 . léigthear le cách ollaimh Éireann / uatha ar amhrán, TD 34.5 . As vn. act of singing, chanting: nobítís ic ámrán ┐ ic dúchund, TTr.² 1086 . buidne d'anglib . . . bīt ic amrān, BColm. 30.8 .

cablán, coblán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cablán, coblán or dil.ie/7516

 

Forms: cabhlán, cabhlán

n m. (based on Engl. cole, cf. P. O'C. cited below) kale, colewort : aipighi in coblan nescoid fola deirgi caulis maturat inflationes , Rosa Angl. 216.19 . do cabhlan ┐ . . . do saithsi, Reg. San. 28.3 . ar dhath chobhláin, 23 K 42, 142.9 . uiridis mar shugh cobhlain, 163.4 . cerefolium .i. cabhlach, ACL ii 333 § 3 (leg. cabhlán, 338). `cabhlán dim. of cabhal cabbage, coleworth ', P. O'C.

cródae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cródae or dil.ie/13060
Last Revised: 2013

 

adj io, iā (1 crú) bloody, cruel, fierce; later valiant, brave. Of persons: in ri croda sa . . . .i. Loígaire, Trip.² 325 . tri croda Life Lagen (subst.), LL 7139 . crōdai curaid, Sc.M² 21k . ? M. fa crógda, BB 61b14 . drenn gach crodha (subst.), Ériu xiii 19.20 cited s.v. crodha .i. beodha, O'Dav. 386 . crodha .i. calma, 454 . cródha, beódha, Eg. Gl. 3 . crodha, curata, 126 . ? ni crodhaidhi (leg. cróda-de?) in ri marbus na dibergaid, YBL 168a11 .

Other applications: nip cróda a acnam, ZCP xi 84 § 36 . fuil cridhe crōdhai, ACL iii 295 § 25 . crodha a ṅgnima, Anecd. i 55.z . crech croda, ZCP iii 24.8 . ó'n Chruachain chróda, CRR 19 . d'uaisliuccadh a cceall ccrodha, BNnÉ 250.y . comram croda bloody, LL 12606 . toraigechd croda, Ann. Conn. 1340.4 . badb . . . croda, Cog. 174.7 , an cóigeadh cródha C., DDána 105.28 . in Chroda Chormaic (subst. of a shield), LL 12513 .

Of colour crimson, red : crodha (cróderg, v.l.) a dhath in eoin `vivid', RC xiv 48 § 56 . Findbennach . . . / croda crochda, LL 33025 . colba do lepthaib cróda, LU 3686 ( SCC 33 ). cruithnecht .i. cruith cech crodae (MS.) nō cech nderg, Corm. Y § 247 .

In chevilles: crodu (?) lir, SR 75 . croda gair, 4141 . croda cacht, 4155 .

Compar. cróda scélaib ` cruellest ', ZCP iii 42 § 9 . crodha cen aireg (emended to cródu cech airiuch), Blathm. 20 . G. garg, crodu cech nia, SR 5283 . tighearna . . . ro ba crodha comhairle inás `firmer', AFM vi 2236.14 . As superl.: ciniud is croda is [in] doman, Cog. 130.6 . Adv. fordingit a tuatha co croda ┐ co corata, PH 4303 . go crōdha = couragiously , RSClára 143a .

1 dath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dath or dil.ie/14728
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dath, dath, datha, dath, daith, datho, dathu, datha, dathe, dathai, dadha, datha, dath, dath, dath, datha, datha, dathanna, dathn, datha, dathann, dathan, dathannaib, datho, dath-, -dath, dub-dath, crón-dath, gorm-dath, oen-dath, aondatha, doel-dath, drech-dath, drech-datha, for-dath, dath, il-dath, ildatha, líg-dath, ór-dath, so-dath, soer-dath, dath, datha, dathanna

n u; the n pl. dath, LMU § 7 points to neuter gender; less stress should be laid on the eclipsis in the n s. SCC § 37 : dath nétrom.

RHYMES & ASSON.: dath : rath, ZCP viii 217. 11 : cath, vi 269 st 5 . Acall. 7592 . datha : Macha, CRR 32. 2 . : catha, Acall. 5871 . For further instances see Inflexion.

INFLEXION: n s. dath, Ml. 28 c 12 . Laws ii 148 &c. ; rhyming with iadad, SCC § 33 , pócath, TE § 10 , cath, TBC-LL¹ 265 , Findchad, Rawl. 158. 22 . daith frequent in mod. MSS, Midnight court 17 (similarly daithibh d p. ib. 417 ). g s. datho, Imr. Brain § 8 (: gretho), § 13 (: étatho). Wb. 5 c 19 . dathu, Laws ii 148 pass.; later datha: SCC § 31 (: Labrada, g s.). Fél. Nov. 15 (: catha, g s.). SCC § 34 (: flatha, g s.). LL 133 a 16 (: macha, g s.). Leb. Cert. 84. 9 (: lúireacha). dathe, Laws v 382. 18 . dathai, Fen. 140. 18 ; for dadha TE § 10 read datha. d s. always dath (: immarbad, Imr. Brain 38 ). n du. da dath , LL 16 b 41 . n p. dath, LMU 71. 18 . datha, LL 174 b 21 (: macha, g s.). dathanna Mod.-Ir. ( OCU 111 ). a p. datha, LL 149 b 29 (: flatha, g s.). Laws i 20. 30 . dathanna, Lib. Flav. 36 b 1. 9 f.b. g p. dathn , SCC §§ 33 , 37 , BDD § 106 , FB § 45 . datha LL 120 a 46 (= dath, LU 105 b 4 f.b. ), PH 1304 . dathann, Lib. Flav. ii 38 b 2. 19 (examlacht d.). Bedel Gen. xxxvii. 3 . dathan, 23 I 41, p. 5. 3 . d p. dathannaib, ZCP ii 303 . Gadelica ii 130. 689 .

I Colouring matter, dye : fuilled risin trían (sc. na roidi of the dye plant) gurup leath ó bias ina min nó na dath urlaṁ when it is in the state of meal or prepared colouring stuff Laws ii 420. 7 . ni thig dath ar bith gan ruanann, O'Cl. s.v. ruadh (glossing a quotation from Ds. of Ceilbe, Metr. Dinds. iii 54. 7 ). ó bláthannuibh na talman dogeibh sé dathanna, Lib. Flav. 36 b 1. 9 f.b. Cf. dathugud I and Scotch cha luidh dath air dubh luidhidh dubh air gach dath black materials will not take any dye Macd. 312 b .

II Colour in general, a particular hue or tint ; in the following instances used of the colours: bán, 1 brecc, 1 buide, corcair, croderg, crón, derg, 1 donn, dub, 1 finn, glas, gorm, rúad, úaine. Often connected with 1 lí, 1 lígrad.— is lí, gl. nó is dath, LU 131 b 33 . cen líga .i. cen datha LL 188 c 7 .. hic color dath, Ir. Gl. 1087 . adhbh .i. dath H 2.15A, 117 b . lath ised dath, Todd Lect. iv 134. 4 f.b. cen chaile nach datho chen chaile pectho without a spot of any kind Wb. 5 c 19 . mac in airiuch...dath fo leth a éduigh cach lae, Laws ii 148. 5 ; ib. 148. 8 . lígrad óir ┐ airgit...┐ datha cach thíre, FB § 2 . tibri uani tibri gorm tibri corcra dath nétrom, SCC § 37 (cf. topur co niumad datha, PH 1304 ). corcair co náldi datha, ib. § 31. 4 . cach dath atchí duine do guirm do bricc do buide is do chorcair LL 196 b . i fégaiter datha .i. find i mmoltar dub i naerthar brecc i fuacarar, RC xxvi 18 § 29 . co nd.¤ ┐ tóthocht, LL 37 a 17 . is álaind a ndath ar nim, Laud 615 38 a 1 (of the apostles). duibi a delb iná gach dath, BB 402 b 4 . a illdelbaig (emblems) ...arna forniamad a dathaib dathálli, TTr. 141 . ibar .i. ab ebore .i. ó cnáim elefante ar dath ┐ suthaini, O'Mulc. 700 . (cloch dub...bán...glas) cia dhíobh sin dath, TSh. 20. 8 . cóta diomad dathann, Bedel Gen. xxxvii 3 . anúair thaisbeanas sé (sc. an fíon) a dhath annsa chupán, ib. Proverbs xxiii 31 . daith an locha ┐ gorm na dtonn ag teacht...go tromm, Midnight court 17 . boladh dath ┐ cumadh aráin, Donlevy 242. 14 . Brightness : trí claidhmi coindli datha, Leb. Cert. 84. 1 .—Of the body: is annsin ba réill do chách díb (i.e. Adam and Eve) dath cuirp araile, MacCarthy 56 i . glór na ndiabhal as a ndath lór do phianadh na bpeacthach, TSh. 187. 2 f.b.Of the hair: trí foiltne co saine dath SCC § 37. 14 (ní hinand a ndath, ib. H). mong buide fair ...álli dath, ib. § 33 . folt trí ndath fair folt dond ... cróderg ... budi, FB § 45 . oenḟer forsa mbetis na trí dath ucut .i. in folt marin fiach ┐ in gruad marin fuil ┐ in corp marin snechta, LMU § 7 . ba cosmail dath ind ḟoilt sin fri barr nailestair...nó fri dergór iar ṅdénam a datha, BDD § 1 . cosmail fri túidlig nóir forloscthi dath a fuilt, ib. § 99 . ib. § 106 .—Of the colour of an animal: dath a ech, FB § 44 . it lóig it úain co ndagdath, Imr. Brain § 38 (v.l. co ndath). mucc co ndath oiss, LL 162 b 36 . deich ngabra donna datha, Leb. Cert. 84. 9 . marcṡlúaigh álainn aondatha, OCL 23. 7 . masat cethra co ndath cethra, Mesca 24. 4 f.b. elta co ndath elta, ib. 22. 1 . caora cruandatha, BS § 68. 5 .—Of the colour of the snow (opp. dath fola): fri dáth (dath, Eg.) snechtai, IT 69. 5 . is dath snechta corp, ib. 132. 5 f.b. úaitne i nd.¤ snechtai ┐ araile a nd.¤ ḟola, RC x 185. 24 .—Of clothes, &c.; also of the gold and silver embroideries thereon, as the following passage shows: étaige cen líga .i. étaige cen datha .i. cen imdenma óir is argait, LL 188 g 7 . Cf. dathugud II. caille aendathe, Laws v 382. 18 . áildiu cach dath (sc. in broitt) alailiu BDD § 99 . ní coill dath a mmaforta (.i. copchaille), Thes. ii 339. 4 . d.¤ a nétaich, RC viii 348 st 29 . corccra dath an inair sin, PH 2861 . —Of gold : úbhla ┐ d.¤ an óir órloisgthe orra, OCT 26.17 . BDD § 1 . —Of precious stones: araill a ndath asmirón .i. cloch co ndath nglas, RC x 185. 25 . Of plants: co nd.¤ losa liach, LL 47 a 44 . ACL i 340 . is dath síon and cech gruad, gl. nó is brecc, IT i 132. 3 f.b. cóimchlod datho change of colour: banna bec son de usci ┐ robúi buidetai bec fair do caomchlad a datha, Mon. Tall. 150. 37 . luibhi cen claechlodh a ndatha herbs that change not their colour Marco P. § 81 . gen. datho coloured , étach datho a coloured cloth: dá étuch dathu uime dia doṁnuigh, Laws ii 148. 7 . ib. 148. 9 , 13 , 14 , 18 . atconnarc étach ndatha (: flatha, gen.) SCC § 34 . .x. n-etaighe datha fichit, Tig. RC xviii 271. 33 . dechelt dathai a coloured mantle Fen. 140. 18 . cloch datha a coloured stone: dá marbad do cloich datha ba ruad rind, RC viii 354. 2 . ór datha = ór iar ndénum a datha. cloch atá i nDún dá lacha: is fiú a comtrom dór datha, FDG 751 . Cf. BDD § 1 . —cach datho, cech datho, cach oendatho; cacha datha of every colour: taitnet líga cech datho, Imr. Brain § 8 . móini dússi cach datho (v.l. datha), ib. § 13 . asraracht ...do imchaisin Maigi Breg. fóa lí ┐ fó bláth cach datha LU 130 b 22 . co gné gréne fair...┐ cacha datha archena FA § 11 . cét détach gach datha (sic leg.) bric, IT i 125. 15 . étaige cech oendatha impu, LU 85 a 26 . co nétaigib cacha datha, Acall. 2804 . co saine étaig cacha datha umpu, ib. 3423 .—sain datho, saine d.¤ , saine dath exquisite colours: trí huathnedha cu saine ndatha, RC x 185. 24 . in dá ech...co sain delba ┐ datha, LU 113 a 34 . édach co saine gacha datha, Acall. 414 . —datha écsamlai various hues or colours : dáig na nilgné filet forsind ḟult fil fair ┐ inna ndath nécsamail docorethar in folt fair, BDD § 106 . co ndathaib écsamlaib ina thimchell, FA § 11 . clúṁach iona raibh datha égsaṁla, Ezekiel xvii. 3 . datha éagsaṁla diverse colours Lhuyd.

III Of the face or skin, complexion, hue; esp. beautiful complexion; sg. or pl., cf. drech-dath or pl. drech-datha id. TTr. 1686 . a dath amar dhath an aeil (of a fine woman), Acall. 784 . Laeg i lLiniu lígda a dath, LL 22 a 20 . gilla óc is delbdu dath, TBC-LL¹ 265 . a dath is gilither géis uan fuinni dath a dá ó, BB 323 b 30 . Domnaill na ndath of the beautiful complexion BB 50 a 35 . a éicsin datha (: catha), Metr. Dinds. ii 48. 38 .

roscáil (docóid) mo dath my beauty is gone: roscáil mo delb is mo dath, Acall. 4584 . dochúaid mo delb is mo dath, ib. 4586 .

sóid dath, sóithir a dath, sóitir a datha: (a) he changes colour, esp. turns pale , like Lat. mutare (perdere) colorem: ní fess ca galar rodnuc acht a ḟagbáil marb sech nír ṡǽ dath ní ralob a chorp, LL 18 b 48 . (b) euphem. he dies : cen táṁ cen galar sói dath iar naifriunn, Fél. p. 158 at June 28 . dá tora rí Macha sáifiter a datha claifiter a ratha LL 174 b 21 ( CRR 32. 2 ).—Cf. soïd dies , sóid gné, sóid lí, caillid a gné.

conimchloi dath, conimchloither a dath, conimchloiter a datha, or only clóid dath id. (a) mac Olloman...atbath gan claechladh for dath, BB 46 b 16 = LL 128 a 5 . tócaibset in cend cen claechlo datha nó delbi de acht amal bid hí in úair sin rotescthái, PH 923 . fri cath ní coimcloitis dath, Rawl. 158. 22 . ZCP viii 218. 4 . rochlaochaigheas dealbh is dath B IV 1, 86 b (Buile Suibni). saoth lem do chnes rochlói dath, ib. (b) dar chlaechlod a dhath...ég adbath ua Muiredhaigh, BB 59 a 21 . na dá Fland ... farír roclæchlosed dath, Ériu v 242 l. 172 .—Cf. conimchloi, conimchloither a lí he dies, Sc. caochladh. (c) v.s. II.—Cf. dathchlód.

IV Transf. applied to the weather and the winds, the colours of the winds . Each wind has its own particular colour according to Laws ii 26. 30 sq.: rodelb dono [Dia] datha na ngaeth conid sain dath cacha gaeithe díb fri araile ...anair in gaeth corcra aneas in geal atuaith an dub, aniar an odur. Cf. further SR 53 sq. , 7948 and O'Dav. 692 : dotongar dar drúcht dar daithin .i. dar dath sína nó dar dath na sína dar gréin ┐ dar ésca úair grian ┐ ésca dobeir dath arna sínaib. Here probably LL 211 b 49 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 426. 15 ): tuc rí cach datha dá deóin ba turchar flatha fíreóin king of every hue. God is called rí na ngaeth (Gwynn), and Dia datha, Lib. Flav. ii 50 b 2. 6 .

V Fig. Outward appearance, semblance of something, esp. what serves to conceal the truth: dath fírinne the colour of truth: callide excogitant quod ad nuditatem eorum colore perueniant .i. dath fírinne do thochur tarais, Ml. 28 c 12 . fabulam perquam futilem. sgél goirrgech gan dath fírinne, BB 208 a (in the handwriting of Charles O'Connor) Éigse xvii 200 . Cf. the same use of dathugud, Keat. i 18. 27 . dath brécae a disguise, a false show, Lhuyd. O'Brien. a false dye, Macd.

VI Fig. Degree, rank, order ; Synon. miad, grád. This sense has been inferred from the following passages: Dia fadein dobeir datha ┐ gráda ardḟlatha, LL 149 b 29 . la cessad Secundi co slógud cech datha, Fél. Nov. 15 . It may also be sought in such passages as `a Domnaill na ndath' BB 50 a 35 , or `a éicsiu datha,' Metr. Dinds. ii 48. 38 , see III above. According to the Cáin-law of fosterage ( Laws ii 146 sq. ) the colour of the clothes varied according to rank and dignity: fo miad cháich éitid a mic ótha fer miudbu co ríg ( ii 146. 10 ). Satin and scarlet were prescribed for the son of the king of Erin ( sroll ┐ scarloit do mac ríg Érenn, ib. 146. 16 ), black, yellowish, grey, and blay clothes for maic na ngrád féne ( 148. 3 ). Similarly the colours were fixed for the mac in airrech, mac in airrech túis, m. in a. aird, m. in a. forgill, and mac na ríg.

VII In chevilles and at the end of the verse-line in various senses of the word: la Congalach cáem cen chair...oc Dollud di rechtga dath robíth Finnaechta fledach, LL 133 a 4 . Flaithbertach mac Loingsich...argg fo uair dorchad ṅdatha i nArd Molthach Mórmacha, ib. 133 a 16 . Donnchadh gan doirchi ndatha (: Murchadha), MacCarthy 420. 8 f.b. tosach suirghi caem a dath: ben is fer icompocath (leg. i compōcath or ic compōcath, ZCP x 374) IT i 125. 7 (TE). Hériu ria ndílind datha, LL 5 b 4 . Here also Thes. ii 292. 18 : is glae thegdais tórm rochloss...is tech ndagḟir dath atchí.

VIII a trace, hint, sign (?): ar cathbarr cen duīthi dath 'our helmet without trace of foolishness', SR (Greene) 2689 (of God).

IX In local names: ocus na cethri catha for Gallaib Glinni Datha the Foreigners of the Coloured Glen Cog. 94. 21 ; not sufficiently supported.

X COMPS. (a) dath-, see below. (b) -dath in cpds. almost exclusively in the sense of I; frequent with adjectives denoting colour: dub-dath, crón-dath, gorm-dath, q.v. Compare further: oen-dath, aondatha of one colour ; doel-dath the colour of the blackbeetle ; drech-dath or pl. drech-datha complexion of the face; for-dath = dath; il-dath: étach ildatha of many colours; líg-dath (lí-dath) bright colour ; ór-dath the colour of gold ; so-dath a beautiful colour (opp. do-dath); soer-dath a noble colour , &c. q.v.

MOD. dath, g s. datha; n pl. dathanna colour, complexion ; with ní or gan nothing at all, v.s. VIII; this latter usage is common in all districts, cf. Dinneen, whose examples are all taken from the spoken language: níl aondhath de ṁoill orm there is nothing to hinder me, Quiggin Dial. Don. § 136 . cha rabh a dhath a maith dí sin a dheanadh ach urad, Craig Derry People 30 iv p. 3 .

1 dega

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dega or dil.ie/15048

 

Forms: Dega, dóel, Dega, dega, dega, daig, dego, déga

n d. A certain black insect, probably a chafer or black-beetle , synonymous with doel according to old grammarians. Dega in early Mid.-Ir. gave way to dóel. In the phrase `duibithir degaid' it is frequently confused with dethach `smoke,' so always in YBL.— For the n s. cf. 1 dega, Oss. v 262. 4 ; further the npr. Dega LL 205 b7 (not for Deda), and perhaps also the a s. dega in the old Eg. version of BDD.—Etymology by Stokes ZCP iii 468 , Ériu ii 152 , BDD voc.; but dega is hardly to be separated from daig, gen. dego `fire, pang.'

degaid .i. dael, H 3.18, p. 530 . deagha a chafer, a bug O'R. (from old grammarians). n s. finntar dega gan dubi (prov.), Oss. v 262. 4 . g s. muir dhub fo dhath deged (sic), Ériu ii 112. 15 (TBith., cf. fo dáil-dath, LL 261 b 1 ). dubithir re drommannaib dega, TTr. 1373 . a s. in the standing phrase duibithir degaid (syn. duibithir dáil, LU 90 b 2 ): súil d. degaid, BDD § 44 LU (v.l. dethaig YBL). vii maic imlesain bátar d. degaid, ib. § 58 (v.l. déga, Eg., dethaig YBL). cechtar a dá lurgan bátar d. degaid, ib. § 61 , D iv 2 (v.l. dega, Eg., dethaich YBL, d.¤ druim ndáil LU). duibithir degha cech ball díb, FDG 142 , Stowe MSS (YBL again deathaig). Ériu ii 122. 6 .

écsamlacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. écsamlacht or dil.ie/19649

 

n ā, f. difference, variety, diversity: do réir éxamlacht na leanann according to the variety of the humours O'Gr. Cat. 176.30 . gan connsuini...d'aithearrach d'ogham le hégsamhlacht ngáoidhilgi not to change a consonant in spelling in accordance with a difference of pronunciation IGT, Introd. § 3 . § 102 . d'examlacht ergi ┐ dul fai na greine a moran da cricaib, ITS xiv 80.23 . d'examlacht na talman ┐ na cnoc `characteristic[s]' 4.3 . da rer examlacht na crich (v.l. examlachta na criche) bid [sic leg.] an t-eclipsis co hegsamail inntu, 100.23 . éagsamhlacht ┐ malairt na bpian, TSh. 1971 . Aen. 1412 . Parrth. Anma 321.5 . do bratoip...sioda d'examhlacht na n-uile dhath , Fl. Earls 172.25 . eagsamhlacht gacha ceoil d'a chantain rompa, ZCP iv 404.1 .

hiacinthe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. hiacinthe or dil.ie/26874

 

n g s. (Lat. loanword): róba . . . ar dhath h.¤ ( Exodus xxviii ), Leabh. Ó Láimhsgr. v 125.7 (Stair an Bhíobla ii).

lochtach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lochtach or dil.ie/30463

 

adj o, ā (1 locht). In general faulty, defective . Usual in moral sense,

(a) guilty, sinful, blameworthy : res non uitiosa (sic leg.) .i. raod neamlochtach, O'D. 625 ( H 3.17, 465 - 6 ). ni Dia robo l.¤ rind God was not to be blamed in our regard, SR 1521 . Liadnan leir nar l.¤ , Gorm. Feb. 5 . gurab l.¤ don tsagart téid i bpeacadh mharbhthach do thadhall na sácramainteadh, TSh. 4554 . smuaineadh lochdach, Parrth. Anma 1558 . Adv. Mag Cormaic . . . do marbadh co l.¤ le D. `wickedly', AU iii 118.2 . an tsloid do-dhéantar go l.¤ ar an gcómharsain, Trompa na bhF. 5418 .

(b) Also of physical defects, blemished, defective, unsound, tainted : nírbo l.¤ tra intí Conchobur C. was without blemish, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 § 5 . l.¤ in chland / in droch-der dall, Metr. Dinds. iii 186.31 . as móide a bhíos an fhīonūir l.¤ ┐ is lughaide a toradh, Párl. na mB. 3211 . an tan do bhíonn an t-íochtar l.¤, ní fuláir go dtuitfidh an teach, Trompa na bhF. 6656 . da raibh an sgeathrach uaine no liuida no dubh as l.¤ gach uile dhath dhíobh, 23 K 42, 218.16 .

(c) In IGT passim of forms and usages not permissible in strict Bardic verse: an tsháoi mhaith, lochdach, IGT Introd. p. 9.12 . . . . ibhmid- (cóir) . . . obmuid- (lochdach), 13.30 .

1 scoth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 scoth or dil.ie/36590
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: sgoth, sgath

n ā, f. sgoth, sgath, IGT Decl. § 39 (91.14) .

(a) flower, blossom : s.¤ gl. uiola, Thes. ii 361 v 38 . scotha gl. uiollas, 360 ii 47 (Glosses on Philargyrius). an fogebed in gilla di scothaib, Trip.² 365 .i. bolamaraib, ACL iii 14 § 22 . na tri bairr for Erind .i. barr días ┐ barr s.¤ ┐ barr messa, LU 7018 = BDD² 610 . bolad tíri láin do milscothaib honeyed flowers, Rawl. B 512, 69d (cited Plummer MS. notes). ? scoith (scot, v.l.) aglind glass froech, IT iii 14 § 30 . is cosmail fri mbrechtrad s.¤ for magh, O'Dav. 1435 . tocbaid [in]a laim s.¤ chorcra, Fél.² xxxii 13 . scotha buide, Laws iv 278.y Comm . do bhláth na sgath fa fhód Aighne | bróg ar dhath na druimne, IGT Decl. ex. 1391 . do gebhthí bheós a lán fíona is na sgothaibh ísin, AFM i 52.2 . conus aicet in scoith ndífhreccra ndímhóir chuca dind comhartha tíre tairngire . . . d'iarraidh tíre na scoithi, BNnÉ 96 § 1 `eine gewaltige Blume', ZCP x 409.z . Cf. V. SS. Hib. I xli , clxxxiii , 63.24 . With follg. gen.: scotha fína inna fhlaith | co fásctís i llestraib glaine blooms of the vine (or choice wine as in (d)?), LL 18b23 . sgotha fíona `wine-flowers', Content. xxx 11 . a sgaith fhīneamhna (sic leg.) a hór glan, Ériu ix 167 § 42 . már líonus scoth mara a ccúan 'as sea-weed (?) fills up a harbour' Ériu xxi 116 § 2 . Note also: am sgath chríon aimrid `I am a withered, barren flower', Aithd. D. 51.11 .

(b) of the hair of the head lock, tress, tuft : ri cul na sgath (of a chief), Irish Texts iv 117 § 34 . d'ionnsaighe Chuinn ciabh na sgath `thick-tressed', Content. xviii 81 . le céibh na sgath `by the flowing-haired hero', Aithd. D. 6.46 . barr cuachthrom na gcéd sgath, L. Cl. A. B. 209.23 . Note also: do chuireadh gach scoith fhada úrluachra . . . ar leith ┐ an luachair ghearr don leith oile `each long wisp of fresh rushes', Keat. ii 4715 .

(c) as complimentary epithet hero, noble one, scion : innisim sgéal do sgoith Teamhra, TD 25.22 . tre sgaith nEachdhroma, Aithd. D. 10.28 . molta sgath Breagh `the scion of B. is to be praised', Ériu v 60.119 . sgotha cumhra Clann U., TD 22a.18 . le scathaib shluaig Erne, Irish Texts ii 22 § 3 . ar sgothaibh Eorpa uile, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 378.23 . ? forfess Fer Falgae . . . iss isidi foilsigti do Oultaib . . . dia tubart ind héungrip in scoith (scoth, v.l.) milide doib, ZCP viii 564.6 .

(d) flower, pick, choice, best part : sgath méirgheal mná (Mary), PBocht 2.12 . sgoth mhuirne, TD 15.12 . sgath an dána, 31.16 . s.¤ toirbhert `the primest of all largesse', O'Gr. Cat. 475.15 . caithidh . . . | ó so amach deasga an domhain | a sgath feasda fuarobhair the best of it is now over, Dán Dé xvii 14 . sgoth m'ealathna (sic leg.), Content. x 23 n . do-rat dó . . . | sgaith a heóil 'sa hionmhuine, Studies 1923, 422 § 4 . do roghain gacha bídh ┐ do sgoith gacha leanna, RC xiv 30.14 . a scoith a naóise, 1 Sam. ii 33 .

As n.pr.: filiam regis Brittonum, id est S.¤ Noe, Trip. 334.26 .

Compds.

(a) with nouns: ? ¤ar: oc Cill scothair Scīre of flowering fields (?), Arch. Hib. ii 93 § 13 . ¤dos: aradhna . . . go sgoth-dhossaibh . . . for a gcennoip `tassels', Fl. Earls 252.30 . ¤gort flowering field: go sgothghort Temhra, L. Cl. A. B. 179.196 . ¤muine flowering copse: ba sgáth gach sgoth-mhuine, ML 142.12 . ¤níam: s. fhuilt ógfhind imglain `flower-like the sheen of his locks', Ériu iv 92 § 6 . As n.pr.: Caoimheall ┐ Scoithniamh a n-anmanna na n-inghean, ML 42.27 . ? meldait sluaíg s., TBC-LL¹ 1515 (but note scoitnia, St., scoithnia, TBC-I¹ 850 , scoith nía, LU 5326 ).

(b) with adjj.: ¤fhinn fair-flowered : i gcrích sgaithfhinn na ngort ngeal, Aithd. D. 53.4 . ¤geal = prec.: gréas badh sgoithghile sgiamhadh (of a poem), DDána 73.31 . ¤mín: tulach sgaithmhín Dá Thí the smooth, flowery hill, DDána 93. 36 . ¤níamda shining like a flower: a ghrian sgoithniamhdha sgiamhach (of a person), TD 33.8 .