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cainntech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cainntech or dil.ie/7850

adj o, ā (cainnt). Of persons talkative, loquacious : lucht leanna ruaid . . . bid cainnteach, O'Gr. Cat. 216.13 . cainnteach a gcomhól, Studies 1924, 241 § 3 . ceóltach, ceólmar, cainteach (of nobles in a castle), Oss. v 136.12 . Other applications: deich cluicc cainntecha, cíchanacha `clattering', ZCP vi 284.20 . ? Cf. nir chaisced (chás gan, v.l.) c.¤ a dheirc , BNnÉ 279.25 `satirist', Ed., see cáintech. Of the sea in storm noisy: ina h-anfadha meara . . . cainnteacha, Celtica i 113.13 . tonnghail tuinne . . . cainntighi cuipghili, CF² 413 .

Adv.: gur bhain an clog go cainteach, Content. p. 228 n.3 . co c.¤, congairech, ZCP vi 285.1 . go nem-c[h]., ML² 952 .

As subst. o, m., IGT Decl. § 22 .

caisced

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caisced or dil.ie/7959

n [u, m.]. Appar. alms, pittance, gift : ag iaraid dhérce in gach dun ┐ c.¤ in gach cathraig `shelter', Caithr. CC 2.33 . nir ch.¤ (chás gan, v.l.) cainnteach a dheirc (of Maedóc Ferna), BNnÉ 279.25 . la Failbe gan caisceadh cuil / doluidh a Caísel ar ceal, BB 213b8 . in coisced (caisge, v.l.) bec bec / gabur do bleagun na bo? (untranslated), Ériu v 22.21 . ?Cf. dia mbeth oc blegan a bo / ní contibred coisced do, Fél.² cxiii `correction?'.

commaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. commaid or dil.ie/11481
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: comtha, chumaidhe, cumaidh, comaid

n (com + buith) also cu-. g s. comtha. ?g s. combuithe, Peritia ix 107 § 2 . chumaidhe, RSClára 43a . cumaidh comaid f., IGT Decl. § 189 . See also s. 1 cumaid.

(a) companionship, partnership; compact : ? comad a uerbo comedo , Corm. Y 358 . dafuc Dauid os droṅgaib / sech cách inna bithc., SR 6708 . comaid dom slīasaidsea to share my couch, TBC-I¹ 2232 . isi dno comaidh Da[i]l Chais eturro fein `alliance', Ériu xi 36.34 . coindelg .i. comaid dā bráthar for aon forba, O'Mulc. 275 . laech fris ralais c.¤ chain (:tonnaid), LL 19333 = co mbúaid, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 18.x . ? ni imgaib commuid nad imgaib combuith, H 3.18, c. 9a19 . c.¤ chairddine, LL 343b45 . triar nad scara comu[i]dh co bas: céile fria tigerna . . . etc., O'D. 2232 (Nero A vii, 155). commaidh cresine dwelling together in piety, BNnÉ 305.27 . gá dheirc cuirr nar chomaidh éacht, Magauran 3073 `was not company for', n. d'fhiar . . . a cumaidh a ngléchúinge `swerved from the loyalty due to their leader', Ó Bruad. ii 6.2 . Of wedlock (? derived from Lat. co-habitatio in its Christian sense Peritia ix 113-14 ): geiss dó c.¤ la mnai, LL 12572 . a comaig lanamnais `in the community of marriage', Laws v 292.x . With FRI: cétlud (.i. cumad) dó fri rígh, ACL iii 28.28 . caithfet-sa [i] cúmaidh re rígh Erenn `I will eat along with', Ériu iii 158 § 10 . im chumaid bíd fris = cibum una caperent, Lat. Lives 87.15 . nochar congbatar a combuide (pl. ?) ris na cathaib `did not keep their compact with', Celt. Rev. iv 114.25 .

(b) In phr. i c.¤ (with gen.) in the company (of), in alliance (with); compared (with): in satan robai a comaid C., Ériu v 236.78 . tair, a fhir chumtha, conusebem [i] cumaid `that we may drink it together', Trip. 436.15 = simul . . . bibamus, Lat. Lives 59 . días macclerech robatar i c.¤ oc légund were fellow-students, LL 36241 ( Lism. L. xi 6 ). ni bhiu . . . i commaidh imon mboin-sea I will not go shares in this cow, Lism. L. 1584 . a n-éncomaidh together, Acall. 4767 . ic caitem na fledhi . . . i cumaidh na ridiredh . . . aile `along with', ZCP iv 389.15 . an rí ar cumhaidh 'n-a chumaidh `like to him in calamity', Aithd. D. 23.35 . gan mhnaoi dhíbh 'n-a cumaidh chrábhaidh her peer in holiness (of Our Lady), PBocht 9.9 . tir ni cuala na cumaid, Irish Texts ii 36 § 10 . ní fríoth cumaidh don cheannus `was not to be compared with', Aithd. D. 39.19 . rothuitsed . . . a comaid amal rothuitset tall N. ┐ E. they were killed in just the same way as N. and E., TTebe 4037 .

(c) Attrib. g s. a áes comtha friends, LU 9130 ( FB 88 ). dom áes chomtha ┐ dom chomaltaib, TBC-LL² 1860 . mo lucht cumtha ┐ comhóil, Measgra D. 49.22 . cóemdías chomtha `a goodly pair of comrades', Metr. Dinds. iv 212.20 . digail dom ḟir chumtha, YBL 122b9 . ? Gramm. s[unnradh] cumtha (`of subject or object which is to be treated as a pl. owing to its being a combination of two nouns'), Bard. Synt. Tr. 255 , see 257 § 27 .

(d) Of partnership, participation in an object, etc., hence somet. share, joint portion: in tabrai cumaid libuir damsa? `dost thou share the book with me?' Fél. 202.w . in tibreadh cumaid don churach dho, Acall. 3751 v.l. cuma (= co mba) chumaidh don duilchinne . . . don fiur `equal share', Laws ii 36.w Comm. cumaidh d'fhagháil dá heichréidh `equal power over its level plains', Aithd. D. 30.10 . Cf. F. do chur ó chommaidh `out of it' (i.e. list of kings). Content. v 120 .

deercc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deercc or dil.ie/15024
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: dē-ĕrcc, dĕ-ărcc, desercc, deserc, deirc, desseirc, dércc, dérc, deṡerc, deṡercc, dearc, dearcc, deerc, degserc, deṡerc, dearc, deärc, dérc, déaircci, desercc, deseirc, desercc, deserc, desseirc, dérc, déirc, déirce, deiṡeirci, déirc, dearc, deṡercc, deerc, déirc, dérca, deircinda, deircinna, Deercc

n ā, f. Christian cpd. of 2 día + sercc. O.-Ir. Probably dē-ĕrcc, dĕ-ărcc (beside d-hercc), with shortening of dé- in hiatus; dé- only in Wb. 5 d 18 . Usually written desercc, deserc (19 instances); dearc n s., Wb. 33 d 6 . deirc d s., Wb. 25 a 36 . desseirc, ib. 23 b 1 .—Mid.-Ir. Monosyllabic dércc, dérc—the common spelling. Frequently even in comparatively late MSS also spelled deṡerc, deṡercc (SR. AU A.D. 1498 . PH pass. &c.), and dearc, dearcc ( Thes. ii 318. 33 ; 332. 38 . PH pass.). Rarer spellings: deerc ( Fél. Ep. 389 v.l. SR 724 ). degserc Mon. Tall. 159. 1 , through confusion with deg- = dag. The constant lack of accent in deṡerc, dearc seems to suggest a disyllabic deärc beside monos. dérc (but déseirce, TFrag. A.D. 908 . déaircci, Trip. 62. 9 ). In PH there is not a single instance of the accent being written with the -ea- form.

DISYLLABIC: manodtechtaid deseirc, Fél. Ep. 389 . mó cech ṁbríg ar deṡeirc ṅdil, SR 7511 ; ib. 724 ( 6819 ambiguous). MS. Mat. 616. 15 .

MONOSYLLABIC: SR 2176 . ZCP viii 199. 21 ; 215. 5 .

INFLEXION: Regular stem in ā. Noteworthy is the a s. desercc, Wb. 12 b 27 (but deseircc, 10 c 1 , deseirc, 14 d 22 ), and the d s. desercc, 5 d 15 , deserc, 25 b 7 (but deseircc 9 a 23 , desseirc, 23 b 1 ), both modelled on the inflexion of the consonantal stems (traig n. a. d s.).—g s. Oir. always -erc(c)e. Mid.-Ir. n s. dérc and déirc ( PH 315. 5910 . Lib. Flav. 33 b 1. 11 . Lec. 335 d 30 . Donl.). g s. déirce; deiṡeirci, Rawl. 70 a 18 . a s. déirc and dearc ( PH 5792 . 5927 . 6140 ), deṡercc, deerc ( Fél. Ep. 389 v.l.). d s. déirc.—pl. dérca, ZCP viii 215. 5 . deircinda, Lib. Flav. ii 14 a 2. 21 . deircinna, ib. ZCP vi 25. 1 .—MOD. n s. only déirc (déirce, Don. and parts of Con.). g s. déirce (`and déarca,' Dinneen ). pl. déirceacha, W.K. Sc. déircean.

I Orig. love of God , i.e. (a) God's love to man and (b) man's love of God (serc Dé) and his neighbour, commanded as the fulfilling of the Law ( car do chomnesam amal notchara fén, PH 5837 ).— Deercc represents caritas of the Vulgate (Gk. ἀγάπη). As the frequent addition of Dé (deercc Dé) shews, the sense of de- was no longer apparent.

(a) God's love to man: deserc Dé dil, SR 6819 . ar do deirc ar do thrócaire, 2176 (of God); 7511 . atlochomar buidi do Dia ara deircc, Ériu iii 2. 2 . tabair ar deirc tuismed éigin dam a Dhé, 3 B 22, 40 b 12 . rosgail in Comde tre dermaire a derci a deghmáine don cinedh daenda, Lib. Flav. 28 b 2. 35 .—Possibly a transferred use of (b).

(b) charity, i.e. man's love of God (caritas .i. sercc immircide do Dia, Wb. 12 b 26 ) and his neighbour ( desercc Dé ┐ comnessaim, Wb. 23 b 1 . serc Dé ┐ in choimnessaim, PH 4605 ). In the Glosses constantly transl. caritas, occasionally also dilectio ( Wb. 33 d 6 ; cf. PH 5875 ). Only in this sense in the Glosses.— ó imbud a deserce (sic leg.)...ba galar dó galar cáich, Cambr. 37 d . gním desercce, Wb. 6 d 3 . crábud cen desercc, 12 b 27 . conroib deserc leu fri cách, 26 d 22 . ní torban na áe mani bǽ desercc, 12 b 33 (= mine rab dearcc accum, PH 5909 ); further 5 d 18 . 9 a 23 . 12 b 35 . 14 d 22 . 16 c 4 , 10 . 23 c 8 . 25 a 21 , 36 . 28 a 22 . Ml. 128 d 9 .—latitudo caritatis .i. forleithi na deiṡeirce, Laud 610, 41 b . andud ┐ elscud déaircci, Trip. 62. 9 . sechem derce, ZCP iii 29. 34 . sualaig na deirce uirtus caritatis PH 5929 . isé techtus in deirc intí charus in cara i nDia ┐ in námait ar Dhia, ib. 5799 . intí nach fil i ndéirc ní fil side i ṅDia uair is ainm do Dia dearc, 5908 . ib. 5790 , 5808 , 5906 . Dércc is the fourth of the `sualchai erechdai triasa roichend cech fírén dochum nime' PH 6852 , cf. 5908 .—deerc brátharde caritas fraternitatis: bad fuairrech cách fri alaile ón desercc bráthardi, Wb. 5 d 15 . 10 c 1 . 25 b 7 . 33 d 6 ; superseded by bráthairse in Mid.-Ir.— deerc ocus trócaire: lucht na deirce ┐ na t., FA § 1 . RC iv 254. 2 f.b. (LU). Lec. 335 d 30 . SR 724 . —topor deerce a fount of charity, of persons: t. na deṡerci ┐ na cennsa (of Mac Magnusa) AU A.D. 1498 . t. eagna ┐ d.¤ , AFM ii 1024. 3 f.b. tobar finn fírdéirce (of Christ) ZCP viii 199. 21 .—cenn deerce head of charity: c. déseirce ┐ gach sualcha (of Cormac bishop of Cashel) TFrag. 214. 9 .—lestra deerce vessels of charity, modelled on the vasa misericordiae of Romans ix 23 : ropadh maith lem lestru deircce do dáil, MS. Mat. 616. 15 .

II Benevolence to the poor, charitableness, alms-giving . Closely related to I (b), cf. esp.: manodtechtaid deseirc... bói sund bochtán frisṁbad dénti, Fél. Ep. 389 . cia dobera duine na déirc (pro dilectione Dei) a uili indmas do bochtaib, PH 5875 . caraid in déirc intí charus in comnessom, 5906 . co ndenad Brigit deirc móir dend airliud, Thes. ii 332. 35 , 38 . déirc .i. oibre na trócaire, Donlevy 194. 19 . Frequently joined to troscadh and urnaigh, ib. xiv 3 ; 194. 15 ; 310. 6 . The various kinds of dércc are enumerated PH 5815 sq. and Donlevy 194. 2289 .

III In a concrete sense alms (to the poor or to the Church); often pl. Synon. almsu. dérca re deiblénaib...do thabairt uadh, ZCP viii 215. 5 . doberedh dercinna do deblénaibh Dé, vi 25. 1 (15th century). deircinda, Lib. Flav. ii 14 a 2. 21 . an dream chailleas ar na marbhaibh og congbháil a ndéirce aca féin gan a tabhairt don eaglais nó do bhochtaibh, TSh. 130. 6 ; 175. 2 f.b. —Closely related to II, cf.: dogabh deirc uathadh mar gach mbocht eile, Lib. Flav. 35 a 1. 5 . nach roibhe do bhethai accu acht an deirc dogeibhedh Eoin óna crístadaibh, 33 b 1. 11 . dérca (┐ diamra Crist), LB 135 a 24 , is a mistake for deccra. For dércc in the concr. sense PH uses almsu. MOD. tabhair déirc dom; díol déirce an object of charity or pity (also Sc.). is mór an nuidhe (nuiṁe, with nasal vowel) déirce éisin (= is mór an truagh gan déirc thabhairt dó); Blasket. nuidhe déirce iseadh é, Sc. mo dhéirc ort give me alms, Manx jeirk.

2 derc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 derc or dil.ie/15581

Forms: derc, dearca

n perhaps identical with preceding word, cf. d s. foum derc .i. gnuis, Thes. ii 350 (gl. on Hy. vi 4 ), and g s. fa deis dearca cach baile, Lec. 564b10 (facs. 282vb10), if this is the same word. In later lang. generally ā, f. IGT Decl. § 39 . eye: cammd.¤ gl. strabo, Sg. 63a4 . fliuchdercc gl. lippus, 24a8 . S. saoibhd.¤ `the squinting ', BNnÉ 232.3 . ar deirc .i. ar sūil (etym. of irdairc), O'Mulc. 746 . en . . . dar dercaib slúag saer (.i. usce dar súilib soercland), LU 9938 . mo derca (.i. mo ṡúli), LL 208a 7 = IT i 162.3 , ZCP v 488 § 4 (B. na f.). aodh ┐ d.¤ ┐ cais, tri hanmann in ruisg, Metr. Gl. 16 § 39 . a dá deircc (.i. a dí ṡúil), Cóir Anm. 24 . dearc .i. suil, O'Cl. mnáib dergdercaib, LU 10377 . suile dubha . . . ina cinn ┐ mailgi mora osa dercuibh (of a boar), ZCP vi 279.33 . céo for a derca ┐ snighe dér, Aisl. Tond. 99 § 3 . do digail a deirci `to revenge the loss of his eye', MR 110.12 . ag dáil dér os fert Eóghain | nír fégh d.¤ dhá doirseóraib, IGT Decl. ex. 1305 . mar a-tá mo dhearc in-a diaidh my yearning for her, PBocht 11a.3 . dod dheirc mhongmhoill, TD 27.21 . a dhearc mhall, 2.30 . ní fhuil solus mo dhearc agam lumen oculorum meorum non est mecum, TSh. 4202 .

Compds. ¤corr: clann Eachach Doimlen dearc-cuirr, Hy Fiach. 180.4 . ¤mer of lively glance: fa sduaigh ndeircmhir móir Macha, TD 7.26 .

dígrais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dígrais or dil.ie/16345

adj i (dí + 2 gres(s)) irresistible, unassailable: ic Dia d.¤ gail, LU 9852 (= PRIA 1893-6 p. 534 ). ba hōclach ard, ba garg, ba digrais, ba dāna, Anecd. i 51 . o theibirsin truim na dilend digraisi tar dreich in domuin, BB 236a5 . Hence peerless, splendid, excellent (of persons or things): digrais .i. eargna, Stowe Gl. 328 . oenmac d.¤ Dechtere, LU 3729 . an tuisech d.¤ (of a holy man), Anecd. i 62 . Fáelán deoda d.¤ , Fél. Jan. 9 . Saul d.¤ daigermúad, SR 5546 . rothuitset .u. fhir déc dighraisi degarmach[a], Acall. 2134 . fris mbiat formdig ardrígna fria cruth ndigraiss ndianim, IT i 69 . digrais a delb schochraidh, Anecd. i 62 . cach finna forórda d.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 2717 . fuan diograis doindercc, 5552 . étaigi dígraissi deg-demnacha, LL 219a45 . tegdais rodígrais rocháin (of Temple), SR 4378 . cona doirrsib dígraise datháille, SG 351 . lestair dígraissi, LL 219a39 . co ndathaib dígraise donnchorcra, SG 346 . cóica bó damrad d.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 162 (= digris, BB 370a30 ). Common in chevilles: d.¤ cloth, Hy. v 69 . d.¤ band an excellent feat, Metr. Dinds. iii 242 . d.¤ bés, SR 4911 . d.¤ buaid, 1011 . d.¤ gre[i]m, Ériu iv 156 . ba d.¤ mod, LL 205a2 . bá d.¤ núall, LU 3963 . d.¤ in smacht, SR 2803 . Compar. digraissiu cach dagdath a dath, LL 237b6 . Adv. roalt ind ingen co d.¤ fri légend ┐ gáis, SG 413 .

In phr. is d.¤ limm I earnestly desire: cian uad . . . ō ná lud do chur chuardda im-Murthemniu ┐ is digraiss lend techt indiu, RC xiv 400 ( LL 107b40 ). is d.¤ dom it is of importance to me, it is a serious matter to me (?): is diograis do Choncobur | diograis totim nEogoin Ruaid, Fianaig. 12 . Donddubh Cuailgni digrais do, | commart Calland hi crū crō, BB 404b27 .

As subst.

(a) folld. by gen. in sense of mod. Ir. rogha the choice, the very best: doronadh digrais curaigh la B. .i. ar met ┐ luchtmaire a first-rate boat, ZCP x 411 . doronsad . . . seol mor do d.¤ gacha datha, Lib. Flav. ii 3vb34 . in digrais grāid fil lem dib, D IV 2, 41va33 . dorat digrais frithoilti dó do cach tomaltus, 75rb42 . gabhaid díoghrais a gcleas ngoile ┐ ngaisgidh chuca, Each. Iol. 53 . tug gach aon díbh díograis ngon da chéile comhruic, CRR p. 100 .

(b) fervour, zeal, earnestness; affection, confidence: lé díoghrais go Dún na nGall | beannacht nó dhó arís romham, Studies 1920, 566.4 . an díoghrais diadha, TSh. 2315 . ag diúl díoghraise ┐ diadhachta ón Dúileamh, 881 . díoghrais ar son doimhéine, 6967 . a ghrádh ┐ a dh.¤ , Keat. Poems 651 . samhail dá ghnúis do dhúisceadh d.¤ , 879 . ar mbuain díograise mionn de exacting fervent oaths from him, Eochairsg. 22 . díograis múirne warmth of loving kindness, O'Gr. Cat. 475 . a charthanacht, a dhéirc 's a dhíogras rúin `soul-felt piety', Ó Bruad. ii 260 . gur ghabh Muire an díograis rúin on Sbiorad naomh, Ó Héodhusa 10 . do dhruing d'fhíordhíoghrais an tighearna the lord's intimate friends, Maguires of F. § 13 . Cf. § 29 . lucht coimhéata ┐ díograise ` confidants ', Atlantis iv 206 (O.C.T.). tre dhíogruis comhráidh in confidential conversation, PCT 582 . molfad thúsa le dióghruis croidhe, Psalms cxix 7 . cet blegon a bó . . . do din no do digrais da sinser as a show of affection, Cog. 48 . (to a harper) an í do mhúin díoghrais duit | lámh Chraiftine . . .?, Studies 1919, 612.7 .

do-boing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-boing or dil.ie/17242
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: do-boing, tobuing, -toibget, torbongat, toboing, forna turbais, torbais, dobo, dobosat, tochmat, dobibus-sa, dombibsat, topaig, tóerbaig, dochumbaig, tochumbaig, tópacht, do-bongar, tobongar, dobongatar, dobosar, dobostar, tochmastar, dobibustar, topacht, docombachta, tobach, toibgid, tobaigid

v (*to-bong-, * -beg-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 460 , 477 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. do-boing, ni tobuing , Laws i 86 n. 3 pl. -toibget, Laws v 254.2 . (with perfective -ro-) na torbongat , ZCP xiii 29.31 . Ipv. 2 s. toboing, Fing. R. 907 . Subj. pres. 2 s. (with -ro-) forna turbais, Laws i 86 n. na torbais , ZCP xiii 21.28 . 3 s. dobo, O'Dav. 687 . co toib (MS toip), Ériu lvii 156 . (with -ro-) dia toirb, xx 166.58 . 3 pl. dobosat, O'Dav. 686 . (with perf. -com-) cona tochmat , 378 . Fut. 1 s. dobibus-sa, Three Hom. 52 . 3 pl. dombibsat, O'Curry 779 ( H 3.18 365b ). Pret. and perf. 3 s. topaig, Corm. Y 1018 . co tóerbaig , FB § 86 (torbaig, Eg.). (with perfective -com-) dochumbaig: tochumbaig, Laws ii 352.5 . In sense (a) below the form tópacht (really a pass., Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 378 , 477 ) is commonly used (-ó- usually marked long in MSS.). Pass pres. s. do-bongar, Críth G. 60 . ni tobongar , Laws ii 272. 3 Comm. pl. dobongatar, Laws ii 122.17 . Subj. pres. dobosar, Laws ii 88.6 . dobostar, v 464.21 . With perf. -com-, tochmastar, O'Dav. 1550 ( Ériu xiii 13.27 ). Fut. dobibustar .i. toibhghistar, O'Curry 1476 ( H 3.18 653 ). Pret. and perf. s. topacht (see above), LL 200b26 . pl. docombachta, O'Dav. 30 . Vn. tobach.

Later as simple vb. toibgid, tobaigid. IGT Verbs § 52 .

(a) plucks, wrests, tears (away); breaks, strikes (off, away): tobuing dlai dam cut (pluck?) me a wisp, Hib. Min. 72.17 ( Fing. R. 907 ). rorigi a láim corrici ina cróes co tóerbaig a cride este tore out its heart, FB § 86 . tópacht in claideb assa intig, TBC-LL¹ 2870 . con-tópacht in corthe clochi a talmain tore the stone pillar from the ground, 1984 . ó thópacht aicce in chaill chain | cona fremaib as talmain, LL 200b26 . topacht in grainne ass the grain was cut (taken?) out, ZCP ii 135 § 10 . co topacht a chend de struck off his head, FB § 77 . ragat-sa . . . co topachtur a chend de, LU 6008 (TBC). co topacht bil a scéith féin a chend de Sualtam, TBC-LL¹ 4747 . topach (doben, St.) a fholt o chúl có étan de, 1890 . tópacht cétbunni darach d'oenbéim, 563 . topacht a thul dia thargu, Metr. Dinds. ii 130 . is lé topacht in lathe ṁbuana by her the reaping was done, Fél. p. 56 .

(b) breaks: dibibsigter (= dobibsatar?) tige houses will be destroyed (?), IT iii 551 = dobrisfiter, TFerbe 206 . is e in clethe-sin dobibuir hit étan iar do chlaidbiud do Allmarchaib which will be broken on thy brow (?), LB 260b31 , cf. YBL 136a31 . Intrans. (?): dochombuich mo chorc-sa thall (.i. dobris mo craide-si astigh), ZCP v 487 (B. na f.).

(c) exacts, wrests (someth. fr. someone), usually with notion of force; and esp. exacts, levies, recovers (a fine or tribute); with accus. of thing and DE (occasionally FOR or FRI) of pers.: do thabhuigh exacted, Eg. Gl. 588 . doboing bretha dín `deprives us of justice', RC xvii 143.19 (Tig.). teid an fiach-so do neuch dib dodboing, Anecd. iii 22 . trían as don ardríg dondboing, Ériu i 214 . nach logait nach ni dia fiachaib acht toibgit iat o bicc co mor, PH 4333 . biathad cach óin tobó fiachu in[n]a cānae . . . intan dombongatar, Cáin Ad. § 48 . dobibus-sa (.i. toibegait) mo thindscra dhít, Three Hom. 52 . gach aón . . . thoibhéobhus mo chíoscháin, Ériu v 100 . in ticfa nech to ibechus mo chuarta? who will levy my tributes?, Fen. 170 . cet ngiall as cach oen coicedh | rothobaigh Niall ní, AU 763 (poem). rotobhaigh cís cecha cinidh, CCath. 126 . isi seo in eraic do thabaid Tuathal 'na ingenaib .i. boroma, Lec. 593b40 . rathobgiset in mBoroma, RC xiii 94 § 121 . secht nairlenga . . . na tochmastar dliged tairsib, O'D. 655 ( H 3.17 502 ) `so that law cannot be exacted in their despite', Plummer MS. notes. tocombaig a ṡlán ara ḟornert `he is able to enforce his compensation', Críth G. 414 and n. cach dichmairc . . . is cona dire dobongar, Laws ii 352 . mad a cirt dobostar de if it is by right claimed from him, v 464 Comm. ni tobungaur dia comhurbuib iar n-ecuibh it is not recoverable from his heirs, ii 274 . fa ma dalbach di na tobngar díre n-ainech, ACL iii 294 § 7 . nír taibged a hēntīr riam [ar] tinólset `never had there been levied from one country' (carried off), RC xviii 174 . ase fiach rotoibhgheadh ann, AFM ii 1142 (1161) . is cumai fiach neich doci ┐ nad aidbri ┐ nad thobaing (dobuing, v.l.) fri neuch cullius soiri an domnaig does not exact (the penalty ?), Anecd. iii 22 . acht cidh tochmastar fri ferba filed .i. acht a[n]ni toibges an fili asa briathraib, O'Dav. 1550 ( Ériu xiii 13.27 ). ní tobuing nech for na tobungar no person can levy who is not subject to levy, Laws i 86 n. in tí dia tidnaic in Coimdiu imarccraid a móine . . . toibéchar fair co serb . . . o Día, PH 4112 . do thabaigh se a tigerntus aran imperi dó, ZCP vi 289 . With preposition ó obj.: doberthar dígal fhola Crist fort ┐ taibeochthar co serb uait hí, LB 222b22 . In wider sense: muna thuga duit a inghen ar ais, tobaigh ar eigin hi, Aen. 1681 . dūss in ruirmemis a lín | int sluaigh doboing bretha dín the host that deprives us of judgements, RC xvii 143 . rothoibge a coibsena thou shalt exact their confessions, ACL iii 316 § 41 . orait d'Aodh Ruadh do tobaigh co foregnac an leabar so ar Chonnachtaib, LU 2775 (scribal note). Hui Choirpri . . . ni rucsat orbe conid torbaing Dau Iarlathe ar écin, Anecd. iii 62 . taibhghedh om chat mo dreollán let him recover my wren from my cat, BCC § 118 . tochombaig Ciannacht cianbruige C. took possession of distant farms, Laws iv 8 ( .i. rotoibgestar, 28 Comm. ). is luath toibgit na sofir a ferann tresin techtugad so, 2.6 Comm. (gl. on: tocombachtnaib sealb saerteallaigh, cf. O'Dav. 303 ). In fig. sense: días do thobhoigh grádh dá ngaois two who inspired love, Studies 1920, 262 § 3 . do thabhaigh clú d'Íbh Carrthoigh who won fame for, 3 C 12, 425.6 . do thabhaig deóir óm dheirc wrung tears from, 393.10 . For further exx. see Gadelica 72 .

Note also: rem riagail is beacht do boing with my rule (i.e. computation) it tallies (?) exactly , Lec. 363b18 (see 2 do-ben).

doéndacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. doéndacht or dil.ie/17562

Forms: doénacht, doínacht, doéndacht, daonnacht, doendacht, doennacht, dóenachtae, daenachta-sa

n Also doénacht ā, f. (doén(d)a); prob. distinct words, O.Ir. doínacht used in sense (a) and Mid.Ir. doéndacht (doenn-, daenn-) a deriv. of doénda, but the forms appear side by side. daonnacht (dáonacht, v.l.) f. (g s. ¤a), IGT Decl. 79 § 26 .

(a) humanity, the nature of man ; in O.Ir. glosses chiefly of human nature of Christ in antithesis to deacht deity, divinity: deacht ┐ doinacht Crist, Ml. 127d14 . ní a doenacht . . . acht deacht, Wb. 33c5 . do dhóenacht, do dhéacht, Fél. Ep. 353 (dhaenacht, doendacht, doennacht, v.l.). is do doinacht maic is nomen Jesus , Ml. 17b8 . deacht Crist ara donacht (sic), Thes. ii 252 . rí dochóid . . . asa doenacht 'n-a deacht, SR 7758 ; 7660 . o dib n-aicentaib .i. hon doenacht ┐ o diadacht, PH 6782 . etargni deachte ┐ doinechte Crist, Wb. 24c6 . a rainn doinachtae gl. a parte Filii hominis, Ml. 128b3 . a r-raind a doennachta . . . a r-rind a diadachta, PH 3834 . dia roēt chorp ndóinachta, SR 7510 . i n-anmaim a dóenachta Meic in Chomded . . . i n-anmaim a deachta, LL 306a22 , cf. SG 384 . tarmchruthad diadachta ┐ dóendachta maic Dé, Ériu ii 198 . a delb na trí n-aen . . . co tī tāem dot daena[ch]t duit may the impulse of Thy human nature visit Thee, ACL iii 243 . co salm-gein Ísu iar ndóennacht, Metr. Dinds. iii 8 . aibriscc an raed an daennacht human nature is a frail thing, Leb. Gab.(i) 44 . cid fogluasa ind doenacht ind accobar though human weakness may stir desire, Mon. Tall. 152 . is ecsamail rēim daonachta caich the course of nature differs in each man, ib. mad lobar aicnith inna doinachta if the constitution of a man's nature is weak, Ériu vii 140 . ciall nā rēsūn na daennachta, Ir. Astr. Tr. 2 . scarfat fri daonacht I shall part from all that is human, Fianaig. 16 . g s. as attrib.: is ed as dech cacha gáese dóenachtae: dílse ┐ diúte etc. , of all human wisdom, ZCP xi 86 . do drechaibh . . . daendachta in domain human faces, MR 114 . In pl. in more concrete sense: doeccomnacht Dia in[n]a daenachta-sa . . . .i. ri ┐ espoc ┐ deoraid Dé these orders of humanity, O'Dav. 792 .

(b) humanity, humaneness, kindliness: cid in marbān . . . is a dag-doinacht conói | conā dermatar a chói it is his kindly disposition that preserves (the memory of) the dead, Mór M. 265 ( LL 275a7 ). doennacht fri hécin (return) good for evil, Hib. Min. p. 41 . tuile gan trāigh daonnacht Dé God's mercy is a shoreless tide, A. Ó Dálaigh xxix 1 . brón scartha frisna cairde collnaidi ar [in]gnais a ndoenachta (doennachta, v.l.) for loss of their affection, Ériu vii 170 . idir dheirc, daonnacht, urnaighthe, aifrionn ┐ gach deighghníomh oile, Keat. iii 3039 . iomad déirce ┐ daonnachta, Mac Aingil 363 . pearsa ecclaisi roba mó ainm déirce ┐ daonnachta, AFM 1299 . saoi re dán ┐ re daonnacht, 1337 (iii 560) . ni derna doennacht acht int aen-uball ut do Mac C. he showed no kindness save (to give) that single apple, MacCongl. 49 . níor bheag an daonnachd dorinneadar . . . oruinn, Acts xxviii 2 .

Note also: nír choimling i n-inad ar bith tré ól na daoinechta conviviality , SG 16 . mar a bfuil daondacht bheathadh ┐ fascadh ag ballaibh Criosd `security for life and shelter', Carswell 239 . do theagaisc gan bhéim daondacht is díodhacht the humanities, Gadelica 165 (mod.).

1 ó

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ó or dil.ie/33364
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: ó, hó, oa, ua, ualailiu, ón(d), (h)uan(d), ón, ón, on, ón, hond, huand, ond, uandí, huand, onaib, honaib, huanaib, hunaib, óna, (h)uaim(m), óim, (h)uait, (h)uad, ood, ōd, ód, uad, huad, huadh, uada, uadha, uaid(h), uaidh, (h)uadi, úade, huade, uathi, uaithi, hude, (h)uain(n), huann, húan, uanni, huanni, ónni, onni, uann, uainn, úanna, (h)uaib, (h)uadib, uaidib, huaidib, úaidib, uadib, uaidib, uathib, uaithib, úathu, uathu, uathaibh, uatha, uatha, óm, ót, óa, ó, óa, ua, ó, , óa, ua, ó, hoa, hua, hua, ho, ondid, honid, onid

prep. leniting follg. consonant and governing dat.

Forms O.Ir. ó (o); hó (ho), usual form in Ml. oa, Sg. 4b1 . ua, 3b4 ; 112 ( Thes. ii 290.5 ), cf. huaitherrechtaigthib, 32b2 ; ualailiu, 25b12 .

With art.: sing. ón(d), (h)uan(d): ón bunud, Sg. 33b2 . ón chiunn, Wb. 22a17 . on deacht, 9d10 . ón spirut, 15a12 . hond airdbiu, Ml. 55b17 . huand imbud, 56b23 . uand aitherrech- taigthiu, Sg. 32b7 . (with pron. í) ond, 156a1 , 3 , b3 . uandí, 156b1 . huand, 156b2 .

pl. onaib, Sg. 44a3 . Enchir. Aug. 75b ( ZCP vii 482 ). honaib, Tur. 91 , 92 , 93 ( Thes. ii 491 ). Ml. 32b2 . huanaib, Sg. 33b8 . hunaib, 32b6 . hona fuathaib, Enchir. Aug. 76a ( ZCP vii 482 ). Mid.Ir. óna.

With pron. suff.: 1 s. (h)uaim(m). óim, Enchir. Aug. 75a ( ZCP vii 482 ), archaic. 2 s. (h)uait. 3 s m. (h)uad. ood, Cambr. 37 a ( Thes. ii 244.25 ); ? ōd ( ód v.l.), Trip. 238.21 (archaic forms). Mid.Ir. uad, huad. huadh, Hib. Min. 8.271 . uada, TBC-LL¹ 2251 , PH 841 , 908 , 2118 , 7636 , 7682 , 7782 , 8289 . uadha, 7722 . Later uaid(h), mod. uaidh. 3 s. f. (h)uadi. Mid.Ir. úade ( huade v.l.), Hy. v 36 ; uathi, uaithi. hude, Mon. Tall. 150.23 . 1 pl. (h)uain(n); huann, Wb. 4d9 . húan, BCr. 32b3 . uanni, Wb. 12a12 ; huanni, 5a7 ; ónni, 4b19 ; onni, Cambr. 38a ( Thes. ii 246.21 ). Mid.Ir. uann, uainn (uaind). úanna, Mon. Tall. 153.28 . 2 pl. (h)uaib. 3 pl. (h)uadib. uaidib, Wb. 24b29, 27d1, 31d18 . huaidib, Wb. 32a29 . úaidib, Bechbretha 62 § 23 . Mid.Ir. uadib, uaidib, uathib, uaithib; úathu, TBC-LL¹ 3557 , 5092 ; uathu, 3581 , 3630 , 5064 . uathaibh, uatha, Keat.; mod. uatha.

With poss. pron.: 1 s. óm; 2 s. ót (later often ód); 3 s. óa, ó (latter form common); 3 pl. óa; ua mbraithrib, Wb. 34a6 . In late Mid.Ir. -n- is often inserted before the poss. of the 3rd pers.: ó (= óa) , TBC-LL¹ 6159 = óna ó, H., Add.

With rel. pron.: óa n , ua n , ó n : hoa rícc, Wb. 5c16 . hua mbí, Tur. 10. hua n-erbirmis, Ml. 135d3 . hua ndirrudigeddar, Sg. 33a23 . ho n-eroimer, Ml. 17c7 . ho torgab, 32a23 . ó n-aidil- cnigthir, Hib. Min. 8. 245 . cia o-rb halachta, Lat. Lives 65.8 ( LB 62a22 ).

With cop. 3 s.: ondid, Wb. 12d23 . honid, Ml. 51c2 . Mid.Ir., onid, BColm. 32.25 .

In late Irish lenition is arbitrary in stereotyped phrases like: ó sin ale, see TD ii 264 n. § 36 . Occas. folld. by acc. pl. in Mid.Ir.: o marbu, PH 1073 , 1854 , etc.

In meaning, corresponds in general to Lat. a, ab or to the ablative case, in Glosses used to represent either. Hence by analogy after arbeir biuth = Lat. utitur: ho n-erberad biuth (gl. qua oratione sit usurus), Ml. 48a5 , cf. 48b12 . hua n-erbirmis biuth which we spent, 135d3 (gl. ex illo tempore quo degebamus [in Aegypto] `in which we lived'; the glossator perhaps mis- understood the Lat. construction). Cf. also Hib. Min. 13.438 : aranni arbar bith inn aesa dilmain on bethaid shuthain = eo quod scilicet vitâ aeternâ fruitur; `because the lawful people enjoy life everlasting', Meyer, but the construction is not clear. Similarly Enchir. Aug. 79b : ut ratione utatur (.i. o cheill).

I Denoting separation from (lit. or fig.), after vbs.

(a) of motion: tóiniud flatho ó róma[nib], Wb. 26a5 . eirg ón muicc ! get away from, IT i 104.13 , cf. do duit uaim be off! 214.19 . imreitís úathu ┐ chuccu to and fro from them, TBC-LL¹ 3557. na daíne claenus o t'aithnib who swerve from, PH 7303. atracht [Christ] . . . o marbu, 1854 . regaid cech n-olc uaib, 2102 . dochuáid úait in curathmír you have lost, FB 43. go rachadh a thir ┐ a dhúthaidh uaidh, ZCP ii 558.27 . Putting, sending, casting (away), etc.: léic uáit inna biada mílsi put away, Wb. 6c7 . ros-lá úad uli sent them all away, Mon. Tall. 23. sín in láimh uait stretch forth thy hand, Ériu iv 118.13 . focheird a adbena . . . úad, TBC-LL¹ 1076. sróna na n-ech . . . ac súgud grene ┐ gaíthe uathu ┐ chuccu exhaling and inhaling, 5064 .

(b) taking from: oc tabairt tana bó uait carrying off thy herd, IT i 101.24 . dia ructhar ar mna doera uand, TBC-LL¹ 1130 (= úan LU). co mbert a mac huaithi, ZCP viii 310.37 . dobered . . . búaid ṁbáire . . . ona tri cóictaib maccaem, TBC-LL¹ 971. cidh bé doberadh buaidh catha ona naimdib, Maund. 10.

(c) desisting, hindering: anad o pecdaib, PH 3455. in rí tairmisces a chloidem o fhuil (= qui prohibet . . . a sanguine), 4213 .

(d) preserving, delivering, etc.: condanfírianichthi úadib (sc. a peccatis nostris), Wb. 2d14 . dlegar do neuch a chongmail uadi to keep away from her, Mon. Tall. 14. dia coimet on índdirge, PH 1009. ros-glan Dia in tempul on uli élned, 2098 . ro saerait . . . o bas, 412 . ro thuaslaicset . . . popul na ngénnte o fhógnum hídal, 4565 . Similarly after adjs. denoting exemp- tion, etc.: bid slan tú o fholaid Christ `free from the enmity of C.', PH 803. isam nemchintach-sa o fhuil in duine noim, 3282 . Cf. is fáss ó comarbaib féin hí (the steading) is empty of its own inheritors, BColm. 78.14 .

II Origin, source from which someth. comes or is obtained:

(a) after copula or subst. vb., expressed or understood: is húad cach n-ecne all wisdom is from Him, Wb. 7c15 . rop saiget húan fri demnai, Hy. i 20. is ond nemud a n-incoimet `they are to be minded by the "nemedh"-person', Laws iv 180.20 . is eiric tairsce uadaib and `it is the fine . . . that is due from them for it', 138.8 Comm. ná bith fochunn uaimm fein dom aecṅduch let me give no cause to speak evil of me, Wb. 11c1 . gach lá saire er a fhuil cengul on eglais (= which the Church enjoins), PH 7373. na feich uilet uad asa faithchi which are due from him, Laws iv 28.15 Comm. After a noun: furóil serce ho Pool doib-som abundance of love from P., Wb. 14d30 . in fírinne hó hiris (= ex fide iustitia), 4d23 . gním uad feisin foir feisin action from himself on himself, Sg. 209b12 .

(b) after vbs. of motion: comma rí far ṅdígal huaim-se that vengeance for you may happen from me, Wb. 5d37 . ni fil uaidib som o nach ri (ónach ric LU) there is not one of them who cannot do it (lit. from whom it arrives not), TBC-LL¹ 684. ní tharnic úan do rád (= we failed to announce it), TBC-LL¹ 645. rangus ó Iruath 'na diaig (= Herod sent messengers after him), ZCP viii 115.1 .

(c) sending; bringing, taking : foídis E. techta úad fo Erind, IT i 118.32 . leig uait misi d'indsaigi na Teibi send me, TTebe 1025 . berar a n-imchumarcc huáib let a salutation be taken from you to them, Wb. 7b4 . ructha eipistil uad fon uli thalam, PH 1171. doberdis audpartai dosom ó Máolrúoin, Mon. Tall. 10.

(d) receiving, getting: in doínecht araróit som ónni which he hath assumed from us, Wb. 4b19 . ni hetus huaim fess ri fer, IT i 120.22 . fogebtís mor d'ulcc ona naimtiu, PH 4049. ros- cendaig on Iudaide had bought it from, 55 . With ellipse: is ail dona mnáib ind eoin ucut úatsiu the women would like to get those birds from you (= would like you to get them those birds), SCC 5. Analogous: cech bo . . . no-mbligtis da trian blechta d'immarcraid uadib, IT i 72.6 . forodamair guasachtu . . . o latrandaib, PH 1659.

(e) asking, desiring: ro thothlaigset fortacht o Dia, PH 6292 . dom íarraidh úam ar éládh asking me to elope, Ériu ix 4.40 . cid is ailicc dúib húam? what do ye desire of me? iv 140.5 .

(f) hearing, learning, etc.: amal bid o Dia rachlóithe, Wb. 24d21 . cech dírúais ro Columb ó chille cualammar that we have heard from Colum C., RC xx 258 ( ACC 64 ) = o Chollum Ch., LU 866. sochide rodá-scrib húan many have transcribed it from us, BCr. 32b3 . uadh do sgriobhadh i lleabraib it was written down from his teaching, ZCP viii 116 x . is áil a fhis uaib I wish to find out from you, PH 1067. indis do cách creitfes uait, 2395 .

(g) this is prob. the orig. sense after vbs. of giving. In later Mid.Ir. and in Mod.Ir. ó is commonly used with the reflex. pron. after such vbs. damadh leis righe an c[h]uiccidh . . . dobheradh d'eicsibh uado he would give it away to poets, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 21 . da tucadh duine cach uile festa uáidh, Maund. 181. tabraid dam in n-aiscid sin uaib, TTebe 3314 . an cath dobhéaridís uatha nó an braighde whether they should give battle or give hostages, Ériu i 81 § 14. Similarly after vbs. of saying: innis-[s]iu uait dam tell me, Ériu v 26.14 . inneosad uaim daoibh-se sain, Keat. ii 1645 (poem).

(h) to express derivation, descent: [regno] ondí as rex (gl. a rege), Sg. 156a1 . bid titio atinne ┐ titulus huadh ` titio' is a firebrand and `titulus' (is derived) from it, Hib. Min. 8.271 . is úadib Crist (= ex quibus [est] C. secundum carnem), Wb. 4c2 . madgénair ó Mairi, Fél. Prol. 251. in iat a tustige o ṅgenir? PH 2292. saíthi ór chin Ó Caímh from whom O'Keeffe has sprung, Ériu iv 218 § 26. Gaidel glas . . . o tat Gaidil, MacCarthy 288.1 . bid uad Heriu co brath Érin will be (inherited) by his posterity, RC xxiv 192.9 . is húait bias flaith for hÉirinn co bráth, ZCP viii 318.3 . Dondchad ní fil huad D. has left no posterity, 296.18 . dia mbad o Uib Neill . . . in rige if the king- dom were held by one of the O'Neills, Ériu v 232.11 .

(i) after vbs. of naming, calling, after, from: o máthair ro hainmniged (of Concobar mac Nessa), Ériu iv 22 § 1. do- bretha ainm fair o anmum in tsrotha, RC vi 177.110 . an t-én ceileabhrus do chách | uadh sloinnfidher é (i.e. he will be named Lonán from `lon' a blackbird), ZCP viii 109.22 . uait do gairmeadh ainm an taoisigh, Keat. Poems 1530.

(j) in sense hailing from, coming from: fer . . . on Antuaig a man of Antioch, PH 284. on Effis dam I am from Ephesus, 1058 . in sab . . . ó Óendruim, Fél. June 23 . in maccáin ó Bethil, Dec. 28. Occas. after titles: cing o Nuibie king of Nubia, ZCP vi 56.24 . iarla o Barbuicc earl of Warwick, 24.16 . (analogically) iarlacht o Bharbhuicc, ib. 4 .

(k) used with refl. pers. pron. on the part of; of oneself, of one's own accord : ni uaínn fesine ataam for tectiri (gl. non quod sufficientes simus cogitare aliquid a nobis), Wb. 15a13 , perh. rather to be referred to (c). huadib féissna . . . non ab alio , gl. per se [pati demonstrant], Sg. 144b1 . línaid [na dabcha] uatha fein fill of themselves, Maund. 18. osclaigid . . . na doirsi uathaib fein, RC xii 334.3 . Cf. méin mhaith uaibh- se gé do fhuair, | uaidh féin as uaisle flaith Fáil is noblest on his own account, Ir. Monthly 1919, 399.16 .

Analogous are the follg. exx. in which ó is used after an adj.: gebe duine deradh . . . nach fior uaim a raidhim, Rel. Celt. ii 292 y . amhnáirech uan aighed ort it is presumptuous of us to face thee, IGT Dec. ex. 1388. Cf. na daeine onab eolach leabur do legadh who know how to read (?), Maund. 117 (leg. donab?).

III Cause (closely akin to preceding): is o aicniud pectho doforchosalsam it is from (our) sinful nature that we have trans- gressed, Wb. 21b4 . is borb . . . cech duine on gentligecht `through paganism every one becomes rude', PH 725. is ó duthracht a menman badéin dochoid (= ductus voluntate animi), 4742 . relta . . . onid sorcha in bith, BColm. 32.25 . bid subach sind ma dubach ind on aithrigi I shall be happy if I am sorrowful through penitence, ACL iii 234 § 8. an duine chuimetus a run ona aithne de who keeps a secret because bidden to do so, Ériu v 128 § 31. dergfait cloidbe . . . beit úada gan maithius they will gain nothing thereby, ZCP iii 32.18 .

Of persons (regarded as cause of a certain state): cia orb halachta in chumal, Lat. Lives 65.8 . fá torrach uad fein í, TTebe 4800 . is imda ledartha ┐ cuirp tholla annso uadha (= he has left many mangled corpses), ZCP xiii 244.11 . an cúiger druadh . . . an cuigead uadh dob ḟuigleach the province was left a remnant by them, Ériu iv 222 § 38. gan fear 'na bheathaidh aguinne ó Chonn is óa thriathaib, ML 38.2 .

IV Material from which someth. is made: dorigéni Dia corp duini ó ilballaib, Wb. 12a29 . ainmidhi cumuscdha ó dhuine ┐ ó tharb (of the Minotaur), ZCP iv 239.3 . To this head belongs the idiomatic use of do-airissethar with ó = consists of (in), prob. an imitation of Lat. consistere, constare with abl.: is hi ernaigthe thairises ón airem rúnda (= oratio consistens consecrato numero), PH 8026. in tíí tairises . . . o dib n-aicen- taib .i. hon doenacht ┐ o diadacht, 6782 ; cf. 7091 . co tarsidar o .x. tetaib (the harp) consists of ten strings, Hib. Min. 1.20 , cf. 2.25 . is on deda-sa immefolangar cach dune findbathach (= de his duobus beatus homo efficitur), 13.432 . Analogous: o thochaiter . . . in bliadain uile o chóic lathib sescait [leg. -at] ar tri cetaib (= per trecentos . . . dies annus ducitur), PH 4934.

V Instrument :

(a) in strict sense: a n-asberthar ho giun what is uttered by mouth, Wb. 5d14 . ni labrátar uili ó ilbélrib all do not speak with many tongues, 12b22 . in sians ondid accobor limsa ícc cáich by which I wish to save every one, 12d23 , cf. 5c16 . arnaib gnimaib són dungniat som honaib ballaib hisin which they do with those members, Ml. 56b3 . combad ó lémum [léimim] dochúatár . . . tairse by leaping, FB 88. timchillid in coimdiu in cuthi o níul, PH 1223. in tíí rot-biath sib o maind nemda, 2825 . comba soleir duit o shuilib corpardha he, ZCP iv 384.10 . do chomarthaigh ó comhartha na croiche . . . é féin, BNnÉ 275 § 257. ros-eitseat o eirreadaibh dereoilibh clad themselves in wretched garments, CCath. 1073. ro ghabus oca cendsugud o briathraib áilghinaib, Ériu v 148.36 . la- brastar o bérlu aiṅglecdha, Ériu ii 100 § 7.

(b) after vbs. of filling, satisfying and kindred adjs.: in tí nach sástar o brethir Dé, PH 8381. ro línais mo meis o cech maith, 1359 . lan o rath in spiruta noim, 2258 . saithech o began satisfied with little, Ériu v 128.1 . coimlinta o dhaoinibh, Fl. Earls 258.2 .

(c) in adverbial expressions denoting way, manner, atten- dant circumstances: o nach mud etir (gl. omni modo), Sg. 25b11 . o tri modaib ordaigther in sollamainsea, PH 3600. o béss saegulla in secular fashion, Trip. 80.24 . munat ón chéill-si adeirthear in this sense, IGT Introd. § 28. gan shunnradh . . . ó shunnradh in an indefinite sense . . . in a definite one, § 73. as leó o cert an tsealb theirs by right, Leb. Gab.(i) i 254 n. 1 . go bhfuil agam ó dhligheadh . . . léim thar uimhir éigcinnte that I have a right to skip, Content. vi 86 . Rendering a Latin ablative: atbēla ō bhās, ITS xxxiv 58 § 29 (morte morieris, Gen. ii 17 ). na ro aiplium o thircur, ITS xxxiv 66 § 31 (ne forte moriamur, Gen. iii 3 ).

VI Agent (an extension of II):

(a) with passive vb.: cf. Enchir. Aug. 75a ( ZCP vii 482 ): quaestio . . . mihi (.i. dativus .i. óim) enodanda. amal non-nertar-ni ho dia, Wb. 14b13 . intí on gontar nech by whom some one is slain, Ériu iii 140.182 . tinólfaider uanni a muster will be made by us, CRR 22 (p. 32.6) . coro gabad o Iúdaidib ┐ coro crochad o míledu, PH 2363. cethri cinid . . . ó ngabtha rigi in domain, Ériu iv 174.5 . forfemdeass o neoch . . . techt 'na adhuicch none was able to oppose him, RC xiii 8.7 . ro forcóngradh ó Ṡenchan for filedaibh Erenn, ACL iii 4.21 .

Similarly with part. and participial adj.: adib scripthi-si ón spirut ye are written by the Spirit, Wb. 15a12 . ba hada- mraigthi . . . he ona hapstalu admired by, PH 685. Cf. also: peacadh Mhuire . . . ro ba ghlan uile ón Fhíréan, A. Ó Dálaigh li 10 (= ro ba ghlanta). mar tá tú uainne `the state I have brought Thee to', Dán Dé xviii 11.

(b) after verbal and kindred nouns (a later use than that of DO, the prep. commonly employed in Mid.Ir.): adrad in Maic óna trí druídib, Ériu ii 198.20 . arna rád ó tri húgdaraib, BColm. 2.11 . bás Anmchadha . . . ó Mhathghamhna, Ériu i 102.4 . trí conganta na nguthaidhe ó chonnsuinibh three cases in which vowels are reinforced by consonants, IGT Introd. § 18. gním an cét laí on dúilem, RC xxiv 372.10 . ata i cúibrech o ainglib Dé is held in chains by, PH 2038. a dhochar ón drochshaoghal `his sufferings from the cruel world', Dán Dé iv 12 .

VII In partitive sense, generally after an indef. or demonstr. pron. or numeral; in early Ir. only before pronouns, DE being used before subst. la nech huáin any one of us, Wb. 6b20 . cách uáib, 25a34 . rann uáibsi, 14c15 . is aen uaib nom- braithfi-sea, PH 2372. dias uaib two of you, Ériu i 118 § 10. cechtar bhuaind both of us, ZCP xiii 232.15 . antí bus coscrach uaib whichever of you conquers, TTebe 4392 . gibé uaibh lén háil coinntinn, Content. xxviii 59. tuarustal . . . da gach en- brucchaid uathaibh, ZCP viii 116 § 15. cethrar o marcachaib, Anecd. i 10.5 .

VIII Used with a noun to limit or define the application of a preceding adj. or noun:

(a) in respect of, with regard to , gen. after adj.: basa iudide ó écosc . . . nipsa iudide ó béssaib a Jew in appearance . . . a Jew in customs, Wb. 10d34 , 35 . marb hó thoil cholno dead as to the desire of the flesh, 19a17 . it hǽ ata dirgi ho chridiu upright in heart, Ml. 56a20 . cennais o menmain ┐ o fordreich, PH 1974. ba genmnaid o curp he, RC xii 334 z . do bhí . . . láidir ó bhríoghaibh, ITS xvi 2.20 . ro ócc o aeis too young in years, BCC § 63. gerb fada C.C. uatha ó corp . . . do bi sé faríu ó spiraid far from them in body . . . with them in spirit, § 274. cách fria chárus ó [oa, v.l.] thaig | inna árus ard-oenaig `each in due order by rank', Metr. Dinds. iv 150 y (`the house he lived in marked his social standing,' note). Cf. iii 368.41 : Medb ropo thúalnge ó [oa, v.l.] thaig = who was competent by virtue of her rank, descent? Similarly after a vb. or vn.: nech immaruimdethar o banscáil `who transgresses in respect of a woman', Ériu vii 140.1 . ar comaitecht do neuch o pecad `for accompanying someone in a sin', Mon. Tall. § 41. serc De o huilib nerttaib, o chridhi, o gnim, ACL iii 312 § 1. In the follg. exx. the primary sense is locative: don leith ó tír on the land side, CCath. 1740. do leth ón muir, from the sea side, 1909 .

(b) about, concerning : don badbscel ro innis o chelib the tragic tale he told of his companions, FB 70. nídat fíra na scéla sin on fhir út, PH 2668. ná rab tathmet o Blathmac that there should be no memory of B., BColm. 20.10 . nirb ail léo labairt o maith to speak of good, Aisl. Tond. 114 § 2. gan (ó bheith aige) . . . gan (ó bheith na égmhais) `gan' [= O.Ir. ocon] of what one has . . . `gan' [= O.Ir. cen] of what one is without, IGT Introd. § 67.

IX Used of distance (in time, space or order), to denote the initial point of measurement.

(a) of time: ó thossuch from the beginning, Wb. 7b11 . huand uair nundabertatar filistindi from the time the Philistines carried it off, Ml. 82d9 . ón challaind co alaili, Fél. Prol. 325. ón chind bliadna ca chéile from one end of the year to the other, CRR 11. ó luan taite ṡamna co taite n-imbuilc, TBC-LL¹ 2900. in cóicatmad laa o dómnach na hesergi, PH 5414. o Adam co tanic Christ, 3665 . niconfacae óa gein gusan aidchi sin, Mon. Tall. § 67. ni ro gab nech aili rigi nErenn o Niall ille from (the time of) N. on, RC xxiv 202.11 . So in a number of stereotyped expressions: ó chéin long ago, ó chianaib, ó sin (ṡin) amach (anall, ille) from that time forth, ón tráth-sa.

Rarely used to express duration of time: ataat alai[li] feid- ligte ho aimsir who endure awhile, Ml. 21d4 (= ad tempus aliquos manere). ex parte .i. o aimsir bicc . . . .i. tempore tantum , Wb. 5c2 . not-cloifither anosa ┐ scērthar frit do cumachtu . . . o chéin `for long', PH 3890 (elsewhere in PH ó chéin = long ago; a mistake for co cian?). Of point of time: olaili laithiu (= in die quadam), Lat. Lives 16.13 . olailiu domnuch, 17.10 (= olaili laithi, Trip. 124.16 ; olaili domnach, ib. 7 ).

(b) space: noí n-imdada ó thenid co fraigid, FB 2 ( LU 8051 ). ó ó go erboll, TBC-LL¹ 6159. is cían uait airm in-das-fil, 884 . téora fuithairbi on tig, FB 20. mile ceimenn seachtair o ballaigip na Romha, Fl. Earls 194.16 . atá flaith adamra fri gnúis do gnúis dóib úathib sáerdes south-east of them (lit. from them south-eastwards), FA 5. is fada daine ┐ cathracha buain [= uain], ZCP vi 293.10 . In later Mid.Ir. ó is replaced to a great extent by óthá, q.v.

(b 2) 3 sg. m./n. as adv. since, hence : teora bliadna ūadh, ZCP v 501.w . truagh mo chur i gcolainn ’s gan dul uadh go hinnill 'sad is my incarnation unless I go hence safely' Ir. Syll. Poetry 35 § 11 , Celtica iii 336 n. 4 .

(c) of series of other kinds: ro hinnisidh a scélu o thus co derith, IT i 128.10 . cech olc dogné nech o bic co mor, PH 6432 . réalt is mo shoillsigheas . . . on ghealaigh amach (i.e. next to the moon), Corp. Astron. 80.27 . idir dhéirc . . . urnuighthe aifreann is gach deighghníomh oile ó shoin amach all other good works besides, Keat. iii 3040.

(d) with reflex. pron. after vbs. of seeing, viewing, at (an indefinite) distance from oneself: adchonnairc uadha an dabach he saw before him, Ériu iii 156 x . docunncadur longa uadha furan muir, ZCP vi 294.15 . tiagam . . . do deiscin uainn for fertais Locha E., TBC-LL¹ 602. o thuc aichne air uada when he had recognized him some way off, TTebe 3299 . ba ler disi tochim na sluag uaithi she could clearly see the hosts advancing, 2649 . dochonnarc uaim . . . maighdean, Keat. Poems 410. Similarly after a noun: tecoscis in gilla dó Ulaid ar cach leth úad pointed out (the places in) Ulster on every side, TBC-LL¹ 1212. na maic sin a hÉrnaib úan from the distant Erainn, Metr. Dinds. iii 70.57 . dochonncadar . . . ar chnocaibh uathaibh iad on hills in the distance, ML 62.10 . a léine as leascc leam húaim `his tunic I am loth to behold', KMMisc. 348.9 .

X After noun or vb. expressing want,

(a) of the person needing (an extension of I): nad rabi ní ba esbaid úad that he lacked nothing, FB 4. comtis failtigide [sic leg.] d'fagbail [sic leg.] stelli a hesbaid uathib that they might rejoice the more to find the star because it had disappeared from them, PH 7013. nach tessta do treigib rigachta uadha that he lacked no royal characteristics, RC x 182.4 . In late lang. common after subst. vb.: atá ní uaim I am without; I want : ná bí uaim acht agam `be mine, keep not aloof', A. Ó Dálaigh l 17. biaidh uainne go bráth ag Íor tús ar gcreach we have forfeited for ever to I. the leadership of our raids, Content. xxviii 31. isin laithe . . . in badh móo ro baoi úaidhibh for chalma do dhenomh when they had most need to show valour, Hugh Roe 316.19 (f. 82b) . an ni a bhios uaidhe d'faghail, Luc. Fid. 200.6 . Cf. cia hé an duine . . . do rachadh gan ádhbhar mor uaidh air gusan áit a mbiadh pláigh? without strong reason for it, Mac Aingil 211.8 .

In follg. exx. the prep. is equivalent to the dat. incommodi: duine . . . óna bhfuair moran da cairdib . . . bās many of whose friends had died, BCC § 109. in airdríghan ro bo marbh uadha féin whom he had lost by death, CCath. 1454. gur leor uireas- bhadh Thuaithe R. .i. O Flannagáin do mharbhadh uatha the loss sustained by the T.R. through the fall of O'F., Maguires of F. § 17.

(b) rarely of the thing needed; this construction seems con- fined to the vb. adilcnigidir and may be an imitation of the Lat. constr. of egere, indigere with abl. ata coicthi ón aidilcnig- thir ecna ┐ latar na psalmb five things which the knowledge . . . of the psalms requires, Hib. Min. 8.245 . ni aidilcniget o nach airchisecht, Alex. 851 , cf. 849 . co ro aidilgniged Ísu o fortacht aingel (= indigebat adiutorio angelorum), PH 4841 , cf. 6256 .

súas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. súas or dil.ie/39119
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: soos

adv. up, upwards (implying motion). Archaic soos, Wb. 20a8 (a prima manu). Lenited form perh. fuas, Four Songs 10 § 8 . ZCP i 105.9 (see O'Brien, Ériu xii 236 ).

I Of place.

(a) soos gl. sursum, Wb. 20a8 . a cumgabal suas dochum ṅdæ `the raising of them up to God', Ml. 138a2 . ni tiagat saidai sech satuirn suas, BCr. 18c3 . comscuchud suas ar ómun inna sín, 33b14 . is ed tūargaib a fheba | sūas de sech treba dóine (of Patrick), Hy. ii 24 ( Thes. ii 314 ). s.¤ gl. procliuitatis, KZ xxix 373.11 . ro togaib a lamu suas docum a Tigerna, Laws i 6.9 . a dublad sin do gach gradh ó thsin suas go rí tuath (of ascending social grades), iv 226.14 . co tócband inna anmand s.¤ , LU 2118 ( FA 18 ). tanócaib s.¤ la sodain in cuach, LU 8983 ( FB 74 ). tosnúargaib s.¤ . . . isin n-aer rises up into the air, LU 9102 ( FB 85 ). la eirgi s.¤ co opund, LU 8381 ( FB 25 ). at-racht sūas, Sc.M² 4 . comérget s.¤ , BDD² 1395 . nis arlaic sech ard a glúne s.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 901 . co r-chuir-sium na mairb beoa as suas, PH 37 . in ordu as a chinn suas `the thumb extended over it' (of the fist as a measure of length. Etymol. gloss), Laws ii 240.2 Comm . tri traigthe a n-airde in muir .i. suass, iv 112.5 , 24 Comm . mór gach tene a tigh Í Th. | fir reme go slesaibh s.¤ up to the walls, IGT Decl. ex. 242 . go dtógbhann an bás . . . a sheólta suas, TSh. 2389 . ? D. . . . | bang s.¤ do cuir ara cinedh | an duas cruid nar dliged de, Irish Texts ii 43 § 26 . In exhortation, encouragement: bíodh do chroidhe s.¤ mur soin lift up your heart, L. Cl. A. B. 132.51 . suas leat, a cheinnbhile cháigh, 151.31 . suas led mheanmuin, a mhacaoimh, 28 . Cf. ní thógbhuim suas mo mheanma ar son n-aoinneith (said by Humility), Desid. 2964 .

(b) With sís: sís fucertar cech ingor suas fuscerdamni, Wb. 34a2 . bertair s.¤ co firmimint cach ra n-úair. Telciter sís . . . in n-uair aile, LU 2203 ( FA 28 ). a chosa suas ┐ a chend sís, PH 1238 . leth bis sis de do cur suas de .i. olc bís a brat, Laws i 300.18 Comm . na huili giall uili ó tha geill in airech tuisi suas . . . na huili geill othá geill in airech tuisi sis, ii 118.1 , 3 Comm .

(c) Of ascending to heaven: S. . . . | ruc s.¤ saithe snámach, Fél. Aug. 6 . cechaing s.¤ . . . | slóg dermar de rígaib, Oct. 9 . tresngata na huile dúile suas coricci riched `up to heaven', Mon. Tall. 85 (162.38) . ? seacht cumat deg . . . | ag nim suas im gaeth ngairigh (height of Nimrod's tower), Auraic. 290 . is baoghal dham seachrán suas that I will go astray on the journey to heaven (?), Dán Dé vi 1a . maith do chaithfinn | congnamh liom fam leigin suas, DDána 26.32 . Peadar is é ar seolchrann suas on the voyage up to heaven, 34.30 . ? dod ghaol suas beatha gan bhás (to Mary), 19.5 . an saoghal suas heaven, PBocht 7.29 .

(d) Of coming out of a river: issa tír s.¤ , TBFr. 236 . dochuaid . . . as in sruth suas for tír, PH 4736 . do sgoilt giolla gég don ghiús | do bhrég liús na Sionna s.¤ , IGT Decl. ex. 1052 .

(e) Of direction, points of the compass (see túas): ro crechsat Brefini uli dar Athliac suas, Cog. 108.6 `north of A.', cxli n. 4 . dénam suas is a' m-Bac m-bind, Hy Fiach. 232.1 `to the south', note. fada s.¤ fa bhrúach mBeirbhe, IGT Decl. ex. 1373 . cuiris A. na Goill sin i mbraighdenus tar Lathaigh suas, AFM iii 244.9 . scríobh . . . litreacha d'ionnsuidhe mo dhearbhráthar-si suas don mBréifne (speaker is in Fermanagh), Maguires of F. 34.1 .

II

(a) back (in genealogy, time, etc.): cuig riga fiche . . . | re n-aiream suas co saerN., MacCarthy 316 § 6 ( BB 14a5 ). da bliadain .xl. ┐ .ix. c. o Abraham co dilind suas, BB 23a33 . trí fichid rí is dá rígh dhéag | suas ó Niall, TD 7.48 . téid an sionnach suas ó shoin `back beyond that' (in stating his age), Content. xi 8 . i n-aghaidh Néill | . . . | gá raibhe a dtáinig roimhe | suas isin réim ríoghraidhe before him (in time), xvi 186 . Of words in a list: inann ghabaid acht o ulaidh suas save `ula' and those preceding it, IGT Decl. § 4 .

(b) forward, on (in time): ó medón láe s.¤ co nóin, Maund. 246 . Usually in ó sin (so) s.¤ from then (now) on, henceforth: ó sein suas, DDána 35.14 . feadh a saoghail ó sin suas, PBocht 11A.29 . ó shoin s.¤ , SG 6.3 . ō sin suas, Fl. Earls 112.7 . biad . . . soitheagoisg ó so suas, Desid. 4511 . ó so s.¤ , BNnÉ 267 § 236.

III With verbs in various idioms (see also O'Rahilly, Gadelica 65 ). atá s.¤ is alive, exists : ní fhuil dá mac samhla suas | acht slat do chnuas abhla ór [fhás] `exists', Dán Dé xxix 13 . an bhfuil . . . | suas don ghasraidh . . . | óg ná arsaidh ar admháil alive, L. Cl. A. B. 268.7 . má do chíthí . . .| bhar n-anáir suas `standing secure', Content. xxix 9 . borraid s.¤ emerges, bursts forth: o'n gceud am ar thosuigheadar droch-chlaonta a ngeineamhna air bhorradh suas, Donlevy xviii 13 . congbáil s.¤ support, sustain (life): an mhéid as riachtanas do chum a chongmhála suas = para su vida, Desid. 1210 . cuirid s.¤ de gives up, renounces, repudiates : cuirim suas dod muinterdas | a Finn cid maith do fregrad-sa, SG 262.15 . ni chuirfeadh Dia suas do (leg. de?) má dheinn an aithríghe God would not give him up, ZCP iv 452.5 . as uime so do chuirmid-ne suas don eagluis Romhanaigh, Luc. Fid. 184.19 . d'ar chuir sé suas de cheann na heagluise tré formad ┐ ainmhian, Eochairsg. 22.4 . Note also: do chuir se srang suas `fitted a string to his bow', Stair Erc. 2277 . Néro chuir lé lasadh suas í an Róimh who set fire to Rome, Keat. Poems 290 . dobeir s.¤ brings up, rears : tabhairther suas iad a léighionn ┐ a ccrábhadh, Mac Aingil 432.7 . tugadh suas i bhfoghluim, Keat. ii 199 . C. . . . tugadh suas ar dhéirc in a sgoláire, Eochairsg. 22.8 . Note also: do chuaidh . . . ar an bhfásach do thabhairt bheatha dithreabhaigh suas to live the life of a hermit, 89.12 . súil do thabhairt suas air thrócaire an Tighearna to hope for, Donlevy xi 20 . do-gní s.¤ makes up, puts together, compiles : déanamh nuimhre suas mar sin | ní ceisd é d'fhior a n-áirimh `to make up the number', Content. v 124 . as do thri neithibh do nithear suas an aondacht-so, Luc. Fid. 376.3 . ris an teagasg do rinneadh suas an aoin-teangaidh amháin was compiled, Donlevy v 22 . do-léici s.¤ : tailcid na gillu suas release the boys, LL 279a32 . druidid s.¤ : créad do bheir ort gan drud suas why do you not draw up (to the fire), TD 22.18 . druididh suas draw near, Keat. Poems 633 . dul s.¤ ó avoid, evade : dul suas on cconsboid ata do lathair (method of a shifty opponent in argument), Luc. Fid. 315.20 . techt s.¤ : foighéanuid duit dochum teachta suas eidir bhráithribh an toighe to live, Desid. 6990 . tócbaid s.¤ : cí bé air bith comhluadar . . . do thógas suas sinn `employs us', Donlevy 400.12 .

? As prep. (cf. úas) in: ro-tarb suas daumha ┐ dam conchaid (sic leg.), Laws iv 100.25 Comm . (see Thurn., ZCP xv 341 ).

Compds. ? ¤bog: do miciallad e do briathraibh serba suasboga, ZCP x 307.16 . ¤déicsid lit. one who looks up: antropus (= Gk. ἄνθρωπος) .i. suas-deicsid (see note), O'Mulc. 86 . ¤maél crest of hair (?) TBC-LL² 328 , ZCP xliv 165 n. 19 : óenfher eturru, súasmáel dubrintach fair, MU² 688 , `close-cropped head', Gloss. Cf. súasmháel .i. folt . . . súas, H 3.18, 607bz láech and … súas máeldub (leg. suasmáel dub) demis fair, LU 9264 = suas mael dub deimsidhe fair suidhe, Anecd. iii 50.6 . (cf. túathmaél s.v. 2 túath-?). ¤tócbáil: beraidh do bhean mac duit . . . ┐ biaidh subachus ┐ suas-togbail mor agudsu de exaltation (?), Lib. Flav. ii 4a24 .

trúaige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. trúaige or dil.ie/42089

Forms: tróg(a)e, trogai, thrógi

n , f. (trúag). O.Ir. tróg(a)e. IGT Abstr. Nouns 62.

I

(a) misery, wretchedness, affliction: in trogai gl. erumnam, Ml. 87b1 . meit inna trogae `misery,' 62d9 . du thormuch cecha trogae for alaili, 96b7 . aisndís dia throgai, 40b8 . flaithem nime lócharnaig | ardonroigse diar trógi, Thes. ii 303.4 . inna trogai roigthi `the protracted miseries,' Ml. 33b1 . etir na trogai gl. inter erumnas, 38d13 . dianaigthiu tris na trogi `caused to hasten through the miseries,' 91a13 . inna trogae gl. erumniarum, 44c29 . du dumugud ... inna trogae fodaimet ` miseries ,' 77d2 . honaib trogaib gl. aerumnis, 20a1 . indí nad ocmanatar ho throgaib, 54a12 . dia mbai i troga na daille (Tobit), SR 7390 . don-remat ... | dogrés ar cech trógi, Fél. Feb. 3 . i tróge ┐ i todérnam, LU 2110 ( FA 17 ). dí derbshiair. tlás ┐ t.¤ , Triads 133 . tosach trōige torrsige, Anecd. iii 16.17 . lor a truaidi da teaglach `heavy the sorrow of it for his house-hold,' Metr. Dinds. iii 364.z . conda timart athach gaithe ar troige ┐ lobrai `in misery and weakness,' Ériu xii 156.14 = thrógi, LU 10649 . mór an truaighe mar tá sibh-se, DDána 43.7 . ba mor a truaighe `great was his sorrow,' TTebe 4653 . dorindi iarla Aimistir truaigi ┐ tromgeran trit na scelaib sin lamentation , ZCP vi 72.21 . Of a person: léigim mé féin an truaidhe bhocht ar mo ghluinibh wretch , Mac Aingil 15.17 . As vn.: golgaire na n-anmand oc tróge ┐ oc neméle frisin Comdid (sic leg.), LU 2227 ( FA 30 ).

(b) thinness, leanness (of animals and human beings): teít ... cona muccaib caelaib leis, issifechtain ro siachtatar less ar throgi, IT iii 244.23 =ar a troige (`ihres traurigen Zustandes wegen'), 236.36 . cléirig ┐ mna ┐ mec .i. ni etait guin ar a truaige ┐ ar a tlaithe, Laws i 244.27 Comm. dororchair ... lupra ┐ truaigi ... for Connall, ZCP i 103.15 . doni gach fuacht urcoid do lucht na heitici ar son a truaighi, Rosa Angl. 102.5 . go n-airemthai lorcc a asna trian a édach ... ar truaidhe a cuirp, BCC 440.10 .

II Pity, compassion, sympathy: ? rom-sóerae ... | ar iffern co trógi (`with misery'), Fél. Ep. 482 . troíge do thinnius compassion for illness (?), LL 371c43 . dia ro troeta cen truáge, 156b25 = co t.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 314.11 . coi cen slemnu, cen trógi, cen airchisecht, PH 4328 . ar dia nime, ┐ ar buide, ┐ arm (sic leg. ?) troigi rib, Aen. 148 . do thruaighe dá tighearna from pity for, DDána 27a.24 . buille dá nach bia truaighe `stroke giving no quarter,' PBocht 3.1 . budh cúis truaighe ... | búithreadh na mbiasd ` piteous ,' TD 4.33 . ro eirig tróige ... mór ina cridib ic a ndecsain, CCath. 2852 . is truaighi lem ... an digal, TTebe 855 . aitchimit fort for dheirc ┐ troighi, Marco P. 25 . cuinghis for Abán ar déirc ┐ troighe furtacht fair, BNnÉ 10.1 . an té agá mbí truáighe don bhocht, Proverbs xix 17 . gabais truaighe an terlamh sin | fa mnaoi na tuirse truime, BNnÉ 199.33 . an tan do chunnaic sé an slúagh, do ghabh trúaighe ghér dhóibh hé, Matthew ix 36.

In phrase mo th.¤ alas ! pity !: mo thruaighe an t-adhbhar aitheisg, DDána 12.1 . mo truaigi mé féin im phectach, SG 39.19 . mo thruaidhe ! ticfaid goill go Clúaine, BCC 84.24 . mo thruaighe na trocha nach tuigid ..., TSh. 526 . Cf. a thruaighe, a dhuine, tuig ... gurab iomdha bliadhain bhíos duine i bpéin, 4375 , `the pity of it, alas,' Gloss. (leg. thruaigh ?).