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7 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 7 a or dil.ie/8
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: a, a, a, a, a, a, a, á, as, as, assin, asind, as, as, as, as, as, ast, assa, asa, asar, as, assa, asa, asum, essiut, ass, as, es, essi, esse, eissi, esti, eisti, este, aiste, essib, eissib, esib, estib, eistib, asta, asa

prep. with dat., geminating out of, from . In O.Ir. glosses frequ. á (see Celtica ii 239 - 40 ). See GOI § 834 . The usual form before nouns is a: a corin[tib], Wb. 7c18 . a ppecad, 3b3 . a persin, 4c23 . a rrath, 12a7 . a rrangabáil, Sg. 196b5 . a llatin, Ml. 3a15 . a mmedón, Tur. 72 . á óensonaib, Wb. 12a10 . In later lang. also as(s): as talomh, Fl. Earls 112.29 . as Éirinn, Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 (see Desid. xxxiv ). Before proclitics as(s). With article: assin folud, Wb. 9c10 . asind óinrainn, Sg. 197a17 . as tír, BDD² 435 . as tig, 544 . Note also: as cech ṡét, Thes. ii 320.3 .

With poss. adj. 1 s. as mo chuimriug, Wb. 23b7 . 2 s. as do, Sc.M² 11 . ast, 12 . 3 s. assa, Wb. 2c7 . 20d13 . asa, 25d16 . 1 pl. asar, Wb. 15c24 . 2 pl. as for, LU 8551 (H) ( FB 41 ). 3 pl. assa, MU² 276 . asa, 390 .

With suffixed pron. 1 s. asum, ZCP vi 285.8 . 2 s. essiut, RC xiv 188.z . 3 s. m. and n. ass, Wb. 29b15 . as, Ml. 36c20 . es, RC xxv 346 § 2 . 3 s. f. essi, Ml. 85c14 . esse, 113d2 , 131c14 . eissi, Sg. 196b2 . esti, PH 197 . eisti, BDD² 1405 . este, ZCP vi 81.4 . aiste, TSh. 4477 . 3 pl. essib, Wb. 12a10 , b23 . Ml. 87b18 . eissib, Sg. 190a1 . esib, 51b11 . estib, PH 2878 . eistib, ML² 1478 . asta, TSh. 2791 .

With rel. as(s)a n-: asatoróimed, Wb. 11a19 . See GOI § 834 , IGT Introd. § 100 (25.12) .

I Expressing motion, out of, from: oc techiud a rroí, Críth G. 539 . co rróimid topar husci ass, Trip.² 93 . fuil totmad (leg. totma(e)?) a crann a wound sustained in falling from a tree, Laws v 362.z . in ti bis for imrama a inad d'inad from place to place, Laws iv 36.12 Comm. coillti an talman do thuitim as a premaibh will be uprooted, RC xxviii 312 § 9 . luid fer a cath, BColm. 94.15 . facbuid-si asin tir-si leave this land, RC xiv 56 § 69 . na fuirighedh a Temraig ach imthiged asti co hobann, Ériu iii 170 § 29 . co cuala géim bó ic tiachtain al-loch Ṡithgail `out of Loch S.', Dinds. 155 ( RC xvi 270 ). rosái assen dia thigh, RC xviii 184.28 . atracht focétóir in marb a bás, RC ii 390 z . no ássad bolgg corcra assa etun a purple blister would grow out of his forehead, Ériu iv 32.3 . With impers. vb. ní thig asta `they do not shrink' (of shoes), O'Rah. xviii 24 . Without accompanying verb: do rigne Dia firt . . . .i. in topur husci asin talmain, Trip.² 96 . cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh sweet piping from her lips, Ériu iv 174. § 8 . asa tuaisciurt inda deiscert `(to go) from the North (of it) to the south (of it)', Mon. Tall. 133. 22 (§ 17) . do chuir se iarraidh ar thigerna A. . . . as Eirinn chuige `sent to the laird of A. to come to him from Ireland', Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 .

In complement of object of transitive verbs: with various transitive verbs (see also under several vbs.): tóbe uitiorum assa anmin `the cutting of vice out of his soul', Wb. 2c7 . aní asatorbatha `that out of which they have been cut', 5b39 . . . . benus do ṡūil as do chinn, ACL iii 308, z . ni béram ass gl. nec aufferre quid possimus ( 1 Timothy vi 7 ), Wb. 29b15 . dobert . . . dí báe déc . . . assint shíd, TBFr. 6 . an ghairbhiachtach . . . chuirid asta which they emit, TSh. 6705 . tarslaic Petrum a slabreid released Thes. ii 304.1 (Hy. i). is as do leigi iat (of shots), as a ninat . . ., Laws iv 226.17 . atdobrarbadse a tír Hérenn you have been banished from Ireland, BDD² 416 . ar ndichur a nGall esib, Ann. Conn. 1338.4 . hoc a tafonn (ac a cur v.l.) asa gort driving it out of his field, ACL iii 2.8 . gabais . . . daur . . . assa frēnaib, Sc.M² 18 . dasrenga ais `drew it out', Mon. Tall. 150.29 (§ 61). is cían rosraeined amach / Iudaich a crīch Rōmānach, ZCP viii 115.17 . dá sraoilleadh . . . as a chéile, TSh. 5696 . di loscud a thige . . . di gait as—a leth di gait ind for stealing from it . . . for bringing stolen property into it, Críth G. 123 . tonindnaig . . . leithi in chon dó assa laim chlí gives him . . . with her left hand, RC iii 177.5 . adetha C. assa láim, 6 . do urail S. a cengal as scotaib ceathra sdet `ordered him to be bound to the tails of 4 steeds', ITS xix 100.7 . gairfidh Íosa uair nó dó / as an talmhain a dteasdó, Dán Dé xiv 9 .

Common in 3 s. n. as adv. with verbs of going, etc. tíagait ass na teachta-sin depart, Sc.M² 4 R . documlát ass do Chrúachnaib, TBFr. 42 . amal ossa is amlaid rorathatar ass they ran like deer, Ériu iii 141.208 . imsái as in mac the boy turns away, Ériu i 116 § 5 . Hence with verbs of going, etc. escapes: 'san domnach dodechaid ass / a broinn in bledhmil Ionas, Ériu iii 144 § 14 . bualadh Tairrdelbaig . . . acht cena terno som ass, RC xviii 35.27 . ní dechaidh as gan gabāil nō gan marbadh acht Sir Gyi . . ., ZCP vi 72.12 . creid nách fhuil dul as ar domhan agad ót olc shíordhuidhe, Mac Aingil 1857 . Related meanings. Dies, comes to an end: dia ndech nech dībh as `departs' (this life), Marco P. 140 . din ló dochúaid Cerball ass, RC xx. 12 § 20 . ni ragha in la-su ass `this day will not go by', CCath. 3573 . na heirig ass co madain / do deacraib rig in richid (sic leg., ed.) do not cease till morning from (recounting) the wonders of the king of heaven, Ériu v 26.22 . co n-erlai [int archaingel] a rrecht ind ríg `forsook the law', Ériu ii 108 § 22 . With other verbs in idiomatic phrases: not-ber as dom' inchaib get thee out of my sight, ZCP i 105.1 . beir as tú `escape' Keat. iii 3246 . tucsat as in oidhchi-sin co himsnímach spent that night, Fianaig. 52.17 . a bheatha do thabhairt as go measardha to lead a life of moderation, TSh. 268 . ruccsatt ass amhlaidh sin ifoimhdin aroile they continued, Hugh Roe 288.17 (fo. 76a) . ni rug og na sen a comfad-so as damh riam gan toitim lium `held out against me', ZCP vi 101.7 . cuir ass na dorchu tuccais expel the darkness thou hast brought, Anecd. iii 35.17 . ata si arna cur as anois `it is now destroyed' (of a city), Maund. 43 . a lecan as, he was set free, RC xviii 283.15 . leicem as ar n-imram let us give up, RC xxvi. 136 § 9 . leig as 'athair cease, father, Ériu iv. 51 § 7 . do lēic ech in rīgh ar a glūinibh hī . . . ┐ nīr fēdadh as hī she could not be got out of that position, ZCP xiii 182.31 . Without accompanying vb. (freq. as ipv.) ass, a duine, ar éat `get out, O man!' (be off), Fél. 184.6 . as tír duit get thee out of the land, RC xxv 24.6 . as as bhar Fraoch get hence, get hence, said F. ML 124.13 . asa sin doibh, Rel. Celt. ii 178.3 . aisidhe dhó co Tulaig na C. thence he went, ZCP xiv 259.8 . In phrase: ní has dó there is no escape for him, he has no chance of escape (see O'Rahilly, Celtica i 348 ): ma commhor th'eucht led bhriathruibh, ni has dhamhsa if your deeds are on a par with your words there is no escape for me, Luc. Fid. 344.12 . ni has dh'aoinneach aguibh there is no escape for any of you, 284.15 . nach bu has dh'iachtaranuibh no dh'uachtaranuibh, 260.22 . ní has d'Éirinn eatorra between them Ireland has no escape, DDána 92.7 . In phr. as ┐ ind: do ḟeitheam a long . . . as ┐ ind `to watch his vessels (going) out and (coming) in', Dinds. 135 ( RC xvi 142.6 ). cloictheach . . . ┐ eoin duba . . . ind ┐ as `passing into and out of it', RC xvii 394.y .

II Expressing origin, source.

(a) from, originating in: a grec anísiu `from the Greek' Sg. 148b14 . assin tein atgládastar `out of the fire he addressed him', Thes. ii 318.4 (Hy. ii). ba hingnád aisec asind inut sin (.i. a détaib in chon allaid), Trip.² 148 . in port asa n-accai Patraic inna naimtiu, 1500 . bá foderc dó . . . assa imduí, LU 8219 ( FB § 16 ). nír faei i tig as mbi eggna suillsi tenead, BDD² 175 . is hí ro hic súil ind ríg / a topor Locha Dá líg, IT i 131.29 . is a Hérind anair, MU² 513 . secht mile as so `seven miles from here', ZCP vi 295.7 . co fesamar can as tucad till we know whence it was brought, Ériu i 46.10 . ni fes can as tánic `whence it came', RC xviii 302.7 . a tírib hIndía do, PH 820 . niamh ḟíona a hór (drunk) from a gold goblet, DDána 119.25 . from (of a number out of a group): mart as gach creich, muc as gach crú, caora as gach trét, BNnÉ 265 § 230 . sé ar fichit a Huib Neill `six and twenty of the Húi Néill', RC xxiv 202. 14 . Of the ground of proof from: is follus as for ng[n]imaib ni dligthi comardad fris etir, LU 8551 ( FB 41 ). follus asna scélaib-so Colmáin it is clear from these stories about Colman, BColm. 102, 12 . is esti demniges, PH 2185 . créad is iontuigthe as sin, TSh. 161 .

With various vbs.: nī contesba banne ass `not a drop was wanting therefrom', Thes. ii 348.3 (Hy. v). a tír asa tairidnither `from the land out of which (the water) is drawn', Ériu xvii 68 § 8 . cid asa fordailtea grád túa[i]the? what is the basis of the different grades of the `túath'? Críth G. 6 . rí rodelb eisse cach ṅduil, SR 25 . asnabbrad hi sennathib `whence it was said', Fianaig. 30.13 . rofiarfaigh dib crēd asa fuaradar an cís aingid sin, RC x 185.y . gach ainm eile . . . nach sloinntear as tarbh, Maguires of F. 45 .

(b) Hence introducing the instrument or cause of an action, etc. by, with, because or by reason of: a faill do denam for being neglectful, Laws iv 50.10 . ro bendach Pátraic asa díb lámaib in Machai with his hands, Trip.² 2799 . asa réir budesin of his own accord, Ériu i 219 § 7 . as mothoil féin `of my own will', RC xiii 272.6 . nach maith dogni duine asa chorp isin domun any good thing a man does with his body, Ériu vii 172.y . Cluain maic Nois d'argain . . . a comairle Muirchertaig, on M.'s advice, RC xviii 30.25 . is a radurc atconnairc Ith . . . Slébe Irruis deiscirt, Ériu iv 142.16 . roslen Nél assa lurg, by means of his track, Metr. Dinds. iii 404.13 . cia mod as a mbrisend recht in what way, PH 2588 . do-rinne an tshoil cumhachda gáoidhilgi ortha as ar cóir do chomhardadh íad by reason of which, IGT Introd. 11.16 . lot mh'anma a silleadh na súl / do rinneadh, Dán Dé ix 4 . a caingean Dé do diúltadh, IGT Decl. ex. 1355 . mellaid mōr duini asa dath / gid buidi in t-ōr is otrach, ACL iii 238 § 16 . Note also: ragat gussin Rōimh as go ffuilēngat croch ┐ cēssadh, Fl. Earls 206.25 ; whereby they will suffer Celtica ix 117-18 . Cf. 8.18 , 170.8 . With créd: créd dorinne sí asa rabhus di marsin what she had done that they were treating her thus, Ériu v 168.82 . créad as nach adhradh . . . na dée mar chách why, Keat. ii 5393 . With adv. as: is as tugadh Nár air this is why he was called N., 3645 .

(c) Introducing the name of a language: ainm an inaidh sin . . . a Gaeidheilcc in Irish, Maund. 57 . laphruiss . . . assin bérla glan ghrécach in the pure Grecian tongue, Anecd. i 34.70 . berla na filed asa n-acaillit cach dib aroile wherein they all address each other, Auraic. 200 .

III Miscellaneous uses.

(a) In sense of attached to, compos- ed of, in etc. : amal bīs tuir már oc fulang tige ┐ illāma esti, Corm. Y 1224 . ro-lēcis gaī form-sa co-rrabae as mo scíath `so that it stuck in my shield', Sc.M² 11 . cipe [no beth] démnach asa mér no asa brága whoever was possessed by a demon in his finger or in his throat, RC ii 400 § 40 . a edach delradach . . . imi, as a ndenad idbarta do Baich `in which he was wont to offer sacrifices', TTebe 2842 . gu bhfaiceabh asin coluinn-si Dia, ITS xix 92.6 . Cf. rí sithamail asa flaithes in respect of, Rawl. B 512 fo. 69d .

(b) After vbs. expressing recognition, etc. : atgénammár asa samail in fer sin, LU 6805 ( FB 46 ). cinnas do aith[g]ēnmais in degmnái . . . asa deilb ┐ asa costud, a tlás, a fos, a féile, ZCP viii 112.22 . misi do aimsigh Eabha / as a basuibh bairrgheala / 's as a derc ramhoill raglais, Ériu iv. 112.26 - 27 . ad-mestar asa toirthib talmain, ZCP xi 94 § 33 . ? a samlaib én n-etarlúamain, LU 8628 ( FB 47 ) (rhet.).

(c) After vbs. of bathing, washing: do-dheochaid co mbricht neimhe lé do Frāech corusfothraic ás . . . a arma he bathed his weapons in it, ZCP xiii 175.6 . doluid Cuchulaind dia bualad asna huscibsin, TBC-I¹ 2742 . nocho raibi husce ocai asa ndénad in bathis, Trip.² 91 . ro tinsain usce . . . conid as ronig a derc with it he washed his eye, Dinds. 64 ( RC xv 462 ). usce asa negar Grip, ZCP iii 214.14 . roghonais mo dhalta / rodergais as t'fhogha thou hast reddened thy spear in his blood, BS 12.14 .

(d) After vbs. of paying, exchanging, etc. dobertha a chutroma d'or ┐ d'argat ass, Hugh Roe 220.3 (fo. 58b) . diass as in cethramuin ┐ da bho as an bfer nach fuighthi dibh .i. bó as in duine ┐ bo as in éidegh, L. Chl. S. 31 . tainic Ciaran dá fhuascladh, ┐ tucc moran oir ┐ argait ass in return for him, BNnÉ 117.27 . dober braighi maith duit asum fein `I will bring thee a good hostage for myself', ZCP vi 70.15 . dlighe do dhíol as, TSh. 10084 .

(e) After words expressing hope, trust, doubt etc. : go ndearna dall / dóigh as an té do thoghsam, Dán Dé iv 26 . as do thrócuire atá ar ndóchas, xix 21 . thairisi asa deghgnimradhaibh féin, CCath. 330 . an neimhiocht gnáthach do bhí aige as féin `it was sad that his brother always had a suspicion of him', his usual mistrust for him, Keat. ii 2504 . bith cunntaphuirt agut asi[n] nduine aithenus tu `be on your guard against', Ériu v 136 § 93 . etir cin co fiss / no co n-anfiss ass, ACL iii.222.30 .

(f) After vbs. of boasting, etc. : dia maide as a shúalchib, PH 4855 . itā mo chorp 'na c[h]amra / cid uaibrech as m'urlabra, ACL iii 239 § 34 . rom-moltar ar cech feib as mo ghail, ZCP v 503.24 . créad as a ndéine díomus, TSh. 633 .

IV In later lang. also of time from, since: ní nach dearnadh as mo nua ná as mo naoidheantacht ariamh riom, ML 100.14 . fer na dechaid asa naindin riam gan cenn Connachtaig lais `from his childhood', ZCP i 103.1 . asa naidendacht `from his infancy', RC ii 386 § 9 . sé is (leg. as) th'óige ort / [is] móide ar an ḟolt mh'fiafraighidh that thou hast it since thy youth increases my wonder (?) at the hair, DDána 114.2 . asa tosuch from the beginning, Ériu iv 214.18 . nambered cách a huair dena maccleirchib dochum a tige leo `would take him home in turn', Ériu ii 222.24 .

In prep. phrases, see aithle, céile, ucht, etc. In adv. phrase see núa.

ad-cí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-cí or dil.ie/391
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ad-rodarcar, atchíu, adcíu, atchim, -accu, -accim, -airciu, -airchiu, adchí, atch, -accai, -aci, adchí, adcíi, atobc, adcí, asidc, -aicci, adciam, adchiam, asidciam, -accam, -aciam, atchíd, -accid, adciat, -acat, -aiccet, adcither, adchither, -acastar, -accastar, -aiccesdar, ad-rodarcar, adroarcar, atchiter, -aicind, atchíd, asitchid, atcitis, atchíthe, -aictea, atcítis, ad-cear, atcheur, -accur, -accar, -aicer, -aiccither, -aiccther, -accadar, -acathar, -accamar, adced, adceter, -accatar, adcethar, atcethar, -accastar, -accaister, -arcastar, atcheind, -accinn, atchethe-su, madattceththae, madhcethea, adcheth, atchet, -aiced, -accad, adcethe, adchetis, -accaitis, adcethe, -aiccitis, -accus, condas-chichi, dom-chich, -accigi, at-chichset, -aiccichet, atatchigestar, atchichestár, atcichead, -aiciged, acciged, adcichitis, -acca, -acca, adcita-acae, -acae, -acce, -aicci, -accai, -accamar, -accatar, adchess, adchess, matcias, -aiccess, -acus, atchessa, -aicessa, atchondarc, atconnarcsu, atcondarccaisiu, atchonnarcaisthi, ad-condairc, adus-connarcmar, adchondarcid, atcondarcatar, atchonnarctar, o'tchondarcatar, dochiu, dochim, -bhfaicim, -feicim, dochi, -ḟacci, -bhfaice, -feicenn, dochi, -acend, -fhaccend, -faic, dochiam, atchiamait, atciamaid, dochímíd, atchíthi, do-chíthí, -facthi, atcíat, atchíd, adchiad, dochíd, dochiat, -faicit, dociter, -aicter, -bhfaicthear, rocíter, nachataicim, faiceam, faicthear, do-chíodh, -faiceadh, adcíadhmais, -bfaicmís, -bfaicti, dochíthe, -faicte, -faictis, do-chear, -bhfaicear, -accar, -faccur-sa, -accara, -faccara, -accera, -acatar, -faicea, -facaid, -bhfaiceam, -acat, -faicit, -fhaicet, -feictea, atchised, -bhfaiceadh, -faicsimmis, -faicmis, -faictis, -aiciste, -haicesda, atchicera, atíchera, -aircechasa, adidracacha, atcichfe, chíchsiom, adachichisthi, atichistisi, atchichither, -aicigther, atcithsead, chichsiodh, atchichesta, chíeabh, -aiciub, -feiceab, nodcífi, do-chífe, atchífir, dochifir, -faicfe, dochífe, -aicfe, -acéb, ḟaiccbe, -faccéga, -faigfe, -faicfe, -faicfid, attcífem, -faicfeam, dochífide, -faicfide, atchífit, docífitt, -ffaicfit, atcífider, -accfither, -aicfider, dochífear, adcíthfend, dochífeadh, atchífeadh, -aicfed, dochífidís, -faicfitis, itcífea, dacitfidhi, atconnac, dochunnuc, dochonnarc, idconnarcos, -facca, -faccu, -facus, -facadhas, atchonnarcais, adconnacuis, daconncadais, atchonncais, doconncais, -faccais, -facadais, -acaghois, diconnairc, atchonnaic, rachonnaic, -facca, -faccae, -facae, -facai, -facaid, -accaig, -agaid, -facais, atchoncamar, choncamar, -facamar, atconncabar, -facabar, -faccabair, atconncatar, dochoncatar, -facadar, -acaiset, doces, doconnarcas, atcondcas, cunncus, condcas, -aices, -facas, -accas, -facus, -facessa, aicsiu, (f)aicsin

v sees. Frequ. (outside O. Ir. Glosses) at-c(h)í with meaningless infix. pron., in rel. with inf. pron. sometimes also as-. Prot. stem -a(i)cc-. In O. Ir. with depon. inflexion in subj. pres. and with redupl. future. For active inflexion in subj. see Celt. Verb 138 . In pret. active prot. forms only are found, the conjunction co n- being used where no other conjunct particle is present (deuterotonic forms occur in pass.). In perf. deut. with root -derc- and perfective -com- (ad-condarc etc.). There is no special perf. form after conj. particles. Note also ad-rodarcar can be seen , Sg. 172a2 . In later lang. ad- (at-) is gradually replaced by do- and the conj. stem acquires inorganic f-, giving the forms do-chí, -faic-, both with b-fut.. In past tense the general independent form is ad-(do-) chonnai(r)c (from the perf.), the form after conj. particles -(f)ac(c)- (from the pret.), both with endings of the s-pret..

Early forms: Indic. pres. 1 s. atchíu, LU 4535 . adcíu (3 syll.), ACL iii 297 § 46 . atchim, Ériu ii 166.50 . -accu, MU² 1011 (LU). -acciu, LU 5347 . -accim, 6117 . With ro, -airciu, 6213 (? leg. -airchiu, GOI § 535b ). 2 s. adchí, Fél. Prol. 150 . atch, IT i 81.18 . -accai, Ml. 17b17, 25b14 . -aci, Sg. 15b6 ; Thes. ii 21.37 . 3 s adchí, Wb. 4a25 . adcíi, 12c11 . atobc, 25a26 . adcí, Sg. 149b6 . With inf. pron. 3 s. m. in rel. constr. asidc, Ériu ii 208 § 27 . -aicci, Ml. 94c3 . 1 pl. adciam, Wb. 6a30 ; Ml. 16c5; 112b12 . rel. adchiam, Ml. 42b22; 112b13 . With inf. pron. 3 s. asidciam, Ml. 2b4 . -accam, Ml. 111d1 . -aciam, Thes. ii 31.23 . 2 pl. atchíd, LU 9987 . -accid, Ériu ii 106 § 19 . 3 pl. adciat, Ml. 69b2; 103b13 . -acat, 93d14 . -aiccet, LL 13853 . Pass. sg. adcither. Wb. 1b15 . adchither, 12c12 . -acastar, 25b28 . -accastar, 26a12 . -aiccesdar (-aiccestar v.l.), ACC § 34 . (See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 488 and GOI § 609 ). Note also ad-rodarcar, Sg. 172a2 . Laws i 230.11 Comm. adroarcar, O'Curry 2294 ( Eg. 88, 22 (23)a) . Pl. atchiter, Ériu ii 106 § 19 .

Indic. impf. 1 s. -aicind, Metr. Dinds. iii 310.84 . 3 s. atchíd, TBFr. 217 . With inf. pron. 3 s. in rel. constr. asitchid, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 91.16 ). 3 pl. atcitis, Mon. Tall. 147.14 (§ 52) . Pass. sg. atchíthe, LU 3452 ( SCC § 23 ). -aictea, RC xlvi 239.3 . Pl. atcítis, CCath. 873 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. ad-cear, Thes. ii 293.6 . rel. atcheur, Ériu ii 89 § 2 . -accur, Fing. R. 95 . -accar, ZCP viii 120.16 . -aicer, TBFr. 21 § 22 . 2 s. -aiccither, Anecd. iii 57.19 . -aiccther, TBC-I¹ 1556 . at-ce-su, Ériu xix 12 § 6 . 3 s. -accadar, Wb. 16d6 . Ml. 53a6 . -acathar, 68b9 . 1 pl. -accamar, TBFr. 195 . 2 pl. adced, Wb. 11b22 . 3 pl. (unless pass. pl.) adceter, Ml. 3a4 . -accatar, TBFr. 294 . Pass. sg. adcethar, Ériu iii 104 § 39a . atcethar, vii 150 § 20 . -accastar, Ml. 50a5 . -accaister, LU 6889 . ?With ro: -arcastar, O'Dav. 109 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. atcheind, TBC-LL¹ 4142 . -accinn, Trip.² 2436 . 2 s. atchethe-su, Trip.² 269 . (with má) madattceththae, IT i 144.21 = madhcethea, ZCP v 501.34 . 3 s. adcheth, Ml. 38c9 . atchet, Ériu v 30.17 . -aiced, LU 3733 . -accad, 4616 . 2 pl. adcethe, Wb. 19b6 . 3 pl. adchetis, BDD² 446 . -accaitis, Ml. 32d12 . Pass. sg. adcethe, Ml. 77d8 . Pl. -aiccitis, BDD² 627 .

Fut. 1 s. ? -accus, RC xii 110 § 167 . 2 s. condas-chichi (sic leg.: Liphi, see GOI § 655 ), Ériu vi 122 § 6 . 3 s. ?dom-chich (domcife, cotomchichfea v.ll.), ACC § 143 ( RC xx 416 ). -accigi, Trip.² 1503 . 3 pl. at-chichset, Ériu iii 30 § 10 . -aiccichet, Trip.² 1841 . Pass. sg. atatchigestar, Ml. 59c12 . atchichestár, LU 2760 .

Cond. 3 s. atcichead, BDD² 125 . -aiciged, TBC-I¹ 813 = acciged, LU 5336 . 3 pl. adcichitis, Wb. 7a2 .

Pret. 1 s. -acca, IT i 120.24 . 2 s. -acca, Sc.M² § 11 . 3 s. adcita-acae, Tur. 60 . (see Thes. i 488 n. b ). -acae, Ériu ii 222.27 . -acce, BDD² 156 . -aicci, Trip.² 264 . -accai, 265 . 1 pl. -accamar, Mon. Tall. 148.6 (§ 55) . 3 pl. -accatar, Wb. 26b11 . Pass. sg. adchess, Wb. 23c11 . adchess, Ml. 96d1 . ? matcias, Mon. Tall. 141.27 (§ 36) . -aiccess, Thes. ii 253.2 (Stowe Missal). -accas, TBFr. 258 . -acus, BDD² 238 . Pl. atchessa, Thes. ii 354.9 (Hy. vii). -accassa, TBC-I¹ 1413 . -aicessa, LU 10058 .

Perf. 1 s. atchondarc, Ml. 113b6 . 2 s. atconnarcsu, LU 5142 = atcondarccaisiu, TBC-I¹ 659 . atchonnarcaisthi, Trip.² 223 . 3 s. ad-condairc, Thes. i 488.23 (Tur.) ad-chondairc, 493.21 (ib.). 1 pl. adus-connarcmar, BDD² 473 . 2 pl. adchondarcid, Anecd. i 43.z . 3 pl. atcondarcatar, Laws ii 326.13 . atchonnarctar, Trip.² 1017 . o'tchondarcatar, 2641 .

Later forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. dochiu, Ó Bruad. ii 56.5 . dochim, ZCP vi 36.12 . -bhfaicim, -feicim, Acall. 6771 . DDána 6.6 2 s. dochi, CF 790 . -ḟacci, TBC-LL¹ 233 . -bhfaice, Keat. ii 5398 . -feicenn tú, ZCP vi 56.25 . 3 s. dochi, Lec. 185rb11 . -acend, LU 3988 ( SCC § 45 ). -fhaccend, MU² 640 . -faic, ZCP vii 303 § 11 . 1 pl. dochiam, PH 8130 ; DDána 26.2 . atchiamait, Acall. 5555 . atciamaid, BNnÉ 60 § 77 . dochímíd, DDána 54.12 . 2 pl. atchíthi, Anecd. i 35.78 . do-chíthí, TSh. 2818 . -facthi, MU² 947 . 3 pl. atcíat, Acall. 1562 . atchíd, TSh. 753 . adchiad, DDána 31.16 . dochíd, 17.12 . dochiat, SG 346.12 . -faicit, PH 7740 . Pass. sg. dociter, RC xlix 9 § 4 . -aicter, Lism. L. 495 . -bhfaicthear, Keat. i 82.21 . rocíter, Marco P. 42 .

Ipv. 1 s. nachataicim, Lism. L. 2297 . 1 pl. faiceam, DDána 119.28 . Pass. sg. faicthear, 60.37 .

Indic. impf. 3 s. do-chíodh, TSh. 4225 . -faiceadh, Dán Dé vi 30 . 1 pl. adcíadhmais, Duan. F. i 10.4 . -bfaicmís, O'Gr. Cat. 508.5 . 2 pl. -bfaicti, BNnÉ 67 § 103 . Pass. sg. dochíthe, Dán Dé xi 29 . -faicte, CCath. 897 . Pl. -faictis, ACL iii 224.y .

Subj. pres. 1 s. do-chear, -bhfaicear, DDána 37.39 . -accar, ZCP viii 120.16 . -faccur-sa, TBC-LL¹ 4061 . 2 s. -accara, PH 4960 . 3 s. -faccara, 6006 . -accera, RC xiii 440.18 . 3 pl. -acatar, PH 1352 . With active endings. 3 s. -faicea, PH 7402 . -facaid, Maund. 261 . 1 pl. -bhfaiceam, DDána 81.19 . 3 pl. -acat, TBFr. 21 § 22 . -faicit, Acall. 2246 , -fhaicet, PH 7678 .

Subj. impf. 2 s. -feictea, ZCP vi 87.29 . 3 s. atchised, TTr.² 641 . -bhfaiceadh, DDána 37.38 . 1 pl. -faicsimmis, RC x 92.10 . -faicmis, IGT Decl. ex. 607 . 3 pl. -faictis, IT i 175.10 . Pass. sg. ? -aiciste, Ériu ii 106 § 16 (perh. to be referred to ad-guid). -haicesda, Lism. L. 2302 .

Fut. and condit. Traces of the reduplicated fut. remain, sometimes with endings of the b-fut. The b-fut. is however the usual formation. With reduplication 2 s. atchicera, Fing. R. 118 . atíchera, PH 1182 . With ro: -aircechasa, LU 6098 . ? adidracacha, O'Dav. 123 . 3 s. atcichfe, Anecd. ii 27.16 . 1 pl. do chíchsiom , Content. xxii 22 . 2 pl. adachichisthi, TFrag. 180.8 . atichistisi, LB 223b19 . Pass. sg. atchichither, LU 3889 ( SCC § 40 ). -aicigther, 6119 (TBC). atcithfither, Acall. 5362 . Condit. 3 s. atcithsead, MR 112.6 . do chichsiodh , Desid. 2147 . Pass. sg. atchichesta, RC xlvi 239.5 . (See also Aithd. D. Gloss.). Without reduplication. 1 s. do chíeabh , IGT Introd. 28.15. (§121) . -aiciub, IT i 80.8 . -feiceab, ZCP vi 85.15 . 2 s. nodcífi, Ériu viii 123.1 . do-chífe, DDána 66.4 . atchífir, Keat. iii 2800 . dochifir, BNnÉ 82 § 164 . -faicfe, DDána 6.6 . 3 s. dochífe, TSh. 1089 . -aicfe, ZCP viii 332.24 . -acéb, LU 309 = ḟaiccbe, RC xx 38.14 . -faccéga (-aigfe, -faigfe, v. ll.), TBC-LL¹ 5581 . -faicfe, Acall. 6310 . -faicfid, ZCP x 342 § 8. 1 pl. attcífem, ZCP viii 207.15 . -faicfeam, TSh. 8624 . 2 pl. dochífide, Dán Dé xxv 31 . -faicfide, Ériu v 242.166 . 3 pl. atchífit, BS 6.3 . docífitt, -ffaicfit, BNnÉ 267 § 235 . Pass. sg. atcífider, RC xxv 390 § 4 . -accfither, LL 14280 . -aicfider, Ériu ii 144 § 161 . dochífear, DDána 12.4 . Condit. 1 s. adcíthfend, Ériu iv 220.8 . 3 s. dochífeadh, TSh. 6056 . atchífeadh, 6008 . -aicfed, Todd Lect. vii 6.68 . 3 pl. dochífidís, TSh. 305 . -faicfitis, Ériu ii 134 § 115 . Pass. sg. itcífea, Ériu ii 198.9 . dacitfidhi, Ir. Astr. Tr. 28.30 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. atconnac. MU² 745 . dochunnuc, ZCP vi 29.2 . dochonnarc, TSh. 4298 . idconnarcos, ML 4.19 . -facca, SR 1336 . -faccu, TBC-I¹ 870 . -facus, Maund. 260 . -facadhas, Desid. 430 . 2 s. atchonnarcais, LL 13591 . adconnacuis, Lism. L. 1509 . daconncadais, ITS xiv 22.9 . atchonncais, Acall. 4612 . doconncais, 3320 . -faccais, 5143 . -facadais, Sc.M² § 11 . -acaghois, ZCP x 284.19 . 3 s. diconnairc, Ériu ii 15.19 . atchonnaic, TBC-LL¹ 3969 . rachonnaic, 2969 . -facca, 3374 . -faccae, 5099 . -facae, Mon. Tall. 155.11 (§ 67) . -facai, 135.5 (§ 22) . -facaid, 164.6 (§ 88) . -accaig, TBC-LL¹ 2827 . -agaid, Aen. 1396 . -facais, RC xxiv 196.14 . 1 pl. atchoncamar, LU 2331 . do choncamar , 3 C 19, 6 va17 . -facamar, Stair Erc. 2017 . 2 pl. atconncabar, PH 1711 . -facabar, 3360 . -faccabair, Acall. 5770 . 3 pl. atconncatar, Laws iii 168.8 Comm. dochoncatar, PH 6295 . -facadar, TBC-I¹ 311 . -acaiset, ZCP x 410.15 . Pass. sg. doces, RC xvii 416.30 . doconnarcas, ZCP ii 552.8 . atcondcas, Ériu iii 196 § 12 . do cunncus , RC xii 332 § 24 . ra condcas , TBC-LL¹ 2748 . -aices, -facas, IT iii 189.11, 12 . -accas, LL 14172 . -facus, Lism. L. 3804 . Pl. -facessa, TBC-LL¹ 5009 .

Vn. aicsiu, (f)aicsin, etc. IGT Verbs § 4 .

(a) sees, notices, observes: atobcí side `he perceives you', Wb. 25a26 . ní aicci ní lia mescai `he sees nothing for his drunkenness', Ml. 94c3 . do soí dond orient conaci a næscae, Thes. ii 21.37 . isin domnach atcess in cétna sollsi in lái. Ériu ii 198.1 . ranic iath nad adaig aiccesdar (aiccestar, accestar, acastar v. ll.) `he reached the country where night is not seen', ACC 34 ( RC xx 172 ). con-idn-acar ┐ co nidn-arladar that I may see him, Irish Texts i 13 § 40 . ni facaid deilb ┐ ni cumman lais ní do faicsin, Mon. Tall. 164.6 (§ 88) . nach álaind atchíd ba háildiu lee Fróech do acsin, TBFr. 217 . nā tēig, co n-aiccther in frithi fonnuar-sa, TBC-I¹ 1556 . dorala . . . do M. condacaid aislingi, Trip.² 220 . amail boí sí and conḟacaig in lochtobur, RC vi 174.26 . ní confacus beó aéin neich diobh osin alle, AFM vi 2092.5 . do chibh mo Shlanaigtheoir maille rium, ITS xxix 185.3 . rí na ndúl cá chuin do-chear / an dún i bhfuil go bhfaicear, DDána 37.39 . With various prepp.: arnachab-accastar as tír that you may not be seen from land, BDD² 435 . atcess immorro asin Temraig inni sin moreover that thing was seen from Tara, Anecd. iii 34.9 . telach ása n-acastar in tuath fri Luimnech antuaith, Trip.² 2412 . adcí . . . uad debrad na diadachta he sees in the distance . . . ACL iii 245 § 24 . ro-chidisium uathib . . . tigi arda, Celt. Rev. x 106.16 . Folld. by clause: atcondarccaisiu (atconnarcsu, LU) . . . indus imatiag-sa in lind, TBC-I¹ 659 . co n-aiced immar ita / in tech mór atchonnarcsá, LU 3733 . tabhair an taiplis don tigh / gu faicmis amhail imrid, IGT Decl. ex. 607 . With preposition indicating motion: co n-accatar C. . . . is' tech they saw C. coming into the house, Sc.M² § 15 . intan docunncus Fechín docum in dūnaid `when F. was seen coming . . .', RC xii 332 § 24 . atací in slóg cucu tarsa mag, TBC-I¹ 1440 . ó 'tchóndairc epscop Mél P. cuce día chairigud, Trip.² 982 . nir airigedur Cenel Conaill iat co facadur chuctha iat, Ann. Conn. 1247.7 . Cf. an tan atchídís ag triall chuca é, Keat. iii 1591 .

(b) Of mental processes perceives, discerns, realizes: ma adced torbe inna thect `if you should see profit in so going', Wb. 11b22 . da faicea ainfhis . . . ann a múnad, PH 7402 . truagh nach bfacas libh bhar locht, Ir. Review 1912 472 § 11 . atchíu rogabsat ar clanna ililtiugud, ZCP viii 318.31 . mar dobínn 'ga gruaidh gelbuic / docím úaim nach indermaid looking back I perceive that the treatment I got with him . . . is not to be forgotten(?), Prolegomena 45 § 24 . do citer corob i cuis in fiabrusa dlegar do leiges ar tuis, RC xlix 9 § 4 .

(c) Pass. in sense of appears, seems (DO to): atchessa fiad lucht na netarnade comtis aige alta they seemed to those lying in ambush to be wild deer, Thes. ii 354.9 (Hy. vii). ge daciter gorob maille Saturnus nan re . . . as comtrom a ngluasacht though Saturn appears to be slower than the moon their motion is equal, Ir. Astr. Tr. 114.16 . an tan bis an taer dorea tiugh ┐ docitear cum feartana e ┐ nach denann hi, 3 C 19 , 20 ra9 . atchíthe dó i n-aslingi innas ind ḟir no rígfaide and, LU 3452 ( SCC 23 ). is amlaidh doces do mac Gilla Lughan iat, RC xvii 416.31 . doces do muinntir co n-erbalus it seemed to people that I died, Todd Nenn. 210.4 . atcess dóib . . . múr na Rómae the wall of Rome appeared to them, BColm. 78.19 . atces doib tor oir for an muir, Leb. Gab.(i) 72.14 . do condcuss sin dó ina spiraid, gin go faca sé o suilib corpardha é, BCC 362.5 . mar do connarcas d'uaislibh Éireann an dochar do bhí ag teacht, Keat. i 66.19 . doconncus doibh a oirett shin ele d'airde do beith ann, BNnÉ 71 § 121 . pecadh aga bhfaicther dhó maith éigin do bheith ann a sin in which it seems to him there is some good, Ó Héodhusa 181.5 . do connarcus don Pháirlement gurab annteasbach bídh ┐ éadaigh do-rin sin uile, PCT 1677 . Note also: is mar sin dociter Galen aga tuicsin so G. seems to understand it, 3 C 19, 219 ra14 . By extension seems good to (cf. Lat. videtur): cidh anaill atcither duit acht a marbad? what else seems good to you except to kill them? Anecd. ii 12.18 . créad fa bhfacas dhíbh . . . na braighde . . . do chongbháil i ngéibheann, Maguires of F. 55 . déanaidh mar chífighthear dhíbh, 74 . dochonnarcus do'n Spiorad Naomh . . . gan ualach do chur orraibh . . . (visum est Spiritui sancto, Acts xv 28 ) Eochairsg. 14.26 . do connarcus don ōigh . . . eachtra . . . in tsēipēil . . . d'foillsiughadh . . . don naomh-priōir `it seemed good to her to make known', Fl. Earls 114.33 . do-connarcas damh trácht ar éiclipsigh na gréine it seemed good to me to treat of eclipses of the sun, Corp. Astron. 152.4 . do chonncas dhúinn . . . an leabhrán-sa do sgríobhadh, Mac Aingil 50 .

(d) Occas. in sense of do-écci, fégaid: o do conncamair do leighiusaibh uilidhi . . . na ptisisi since we have treated of, 3 C 19, 129 vb23 . da facaid le feirg no le fich ar duine if he look angrily at, Maund. 261 .

adnáire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adnáire or dil.ie/515

n , f. (adná(i)r) great shame: do ghabh adhnaire mor laech . . . uime sin, CF 685 . do gab adhnáire mor M. trit sin, L. Chl. S. 34.3 . tre adhnaire in sceoil do cuiredh uirthi, Stair Erc. 883 . do chum adhnáire dho chur ar na daoinibh, 1 Corinth. i 27 .

1 adrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 adrad or dil.ie/533

u, later o, m. Vn. of 1 adraid. act of adoring, worshipping; adoration: dom a.¤ , Wb. 5a27 . a.¤ dǽ, 6d8 . etarcnae ṅdæ ┐ a.¤ gl. cultura [divina], Ml. 129c13 . ní fíra.¤ . . . bís leu du dia., 42a14 . mor do rat . . . du læri frit a.¤-su, 136c11 . adrada idal gl. profanitate, 49a23 . adartha gl. adorandi, 116b4 . occ t-a.¤-so, Wb. 5a25 . do a.¤ bachal `to worship Baal', 5a29 . dia molad ┐ dia a.¤ , Ml. 67b24 . conna dechsam i n-adradu idal, 62d1 . condechuid-som isna adradu hisin `so that he came to those adorations', 65d12 . o a.¤ ind idail áin, SR 7045 . conscerthar ar n-a.¤-ni ┐ ar ngentlecht, Trip.² 352 . sollamon n-adratha .i. Casc no Nollog, Laws v 398.11, 17 Comm. aes . . . adhartha idhul, Ériu ii 114 § 38 . lucht adhairthe an anma-so Iosa, Parrth. Anma 3913 . ar son a adhartha, DDána 37.42 . deuna gníomh adhraidh `make an act of adoration', Donlevy 406.2 . ag adhradh do Chrom Chruaidh, Keat. ii 1923 . In phrases. dia adartha: Coll, Cécht ┐ Grian fá déé adartha dhóibh, Keat. i 222.25 . asé is dia adhartha dhó `the god whom he worships', Marco P. 161 . do bheannaigeas dhōibh treasna dēibh adharthae, Feis Tighe Chonáin 167 . ail adartha rock of adoration: ail adrada (as a landmark), Laws iv 142.16 Comm. cranncor no airisem iman ailig nadhartha (as means of decision), O'Curry 2569 (Eg. 88, 48(49)a) = 2587 (49(50)d) with added comment: ar ni tualaing nech duine ro mestar fir d'anteist acht inti uma aici menma na nuile. Perh. a christian explanation of some heathen mode of divination (= incubation), Plummer MS. notes. fir n-airisme fri haltoir .i. in t-airismetu im ailig n-adartha, Laws v 470.34, 472.21 Comm. (where text has substituted the Christian analogue while the comment preserves the heathen aspect, Plummer). ?As n.loc. rocumsat a.¤ and conid de asbert A.¤ ingene Lūachāin, BColm. 18 § 17 .

3 aí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 aí or dil.ie/716

(d s. of 2 áe?). In phrase ar aí, and with demonstr. ar aí sin, araide (resolved by Zimmer, KZ xxx 5 ff. , as: ar a aí sin (the possessive is written only in late exx.), ar a aí side. Cf. ar apa, ar apaide s.v. 1 apa). Note the alliteration in: ba rogarb araí in robud, Metr. Dinds. iv 250.63 .

I As prep. phrase folld. by gen. or by verbal clause.

(a) on account of, because of: arái na feli Caindich `on account of Caindech's feast-day', Mon. Tall. 135.8 . enech cóicid do brith . . . araí óenḟir, LU 9209 ( FB 94 ). cíarbo dú dogra don tír / ar ái in ríg-sin sech cach ríg?, Metr. Dinds. iii 200.6 . ar aoi dioghla m'amghaire because I had avenged the ill-treatment I had received, Duan. F. i 86.26 . ar aoi an éinpheacaidh, DDána 20.12 . ar aoi clóghuine an Choimdheadh, 46.15 . ger bhó hoirdearc Sean mac cuinn . . . ar aoí a ccoccadh friSaxoibh , AFM v 1748.5 . madh ar máise (: báise) for my sake, ACL iii 295 § 16 . ronnassa secht qumala for in mbantrebtaich . . . ar ae tect il-lu[b]gort Gūaire, 1.11 . araí beith can bíad oentráth, RC vii 300.168 . ni haire ro-raid in t-aingel so ar-ái co mad i nGalilee toisech atcifitís a apstail Ísu `on account of its being in G. first that the apostles would see Jesus', PH 3416 . ar aoi a héiginsi d'fhurtacht, `for helping her necessity', Studies 1921, 75 § 18 . ar aoi ar fhuluing ar ar son on account of what he suffered for our sake, Desid. 6256 . araoi sin cuirit . . . for that reason, Fl. Earls 120.13 . co nar bo h-áil dóibh dol i n-imcheine on mbaile ar a aoídhi, AFM vi 2212.9 .

(b) as regards, in the matter of: is adbur rig arái delbha, Sc.M² § 14R . ni frith díb oenfer foleith / folilsad arái ṅgaisc[e]id, SR 5776 . a Capadóic dó ar-ái chineoil, PH 1124 . ni dlegad som arai dleastanuis sin `as regards legal right they are not entitled thereto', RC xxiv 186.20 . gidh im bhocht ar áoi mbiorair though I am poor as regards watercress, BS 86.14 (§ 43) . Aodh ba sóamh díobh ar aoí n-aoisi gion gurbhó hé ar aoí n-oirbertais, AFM vi 1916.7 . cidh daíne ar ai fhuatha is [anm]anna indligthecha ar aí n-ecna `for though men in form they are brutish beasts in intelligence', Stair Erc. 1311 . In dates: i n-oct kalaind Mái ar-ái lathi mís greni in the matter of the day of the month, PH 1106 . for-ái lathi mís grene,—inand ón ┐ ar-ái lathi sechtmaine is-in bliadain hi-tám, 6920 .

(c) for the sake of, for: ar ái oenḟer (n-aoinfir, v.l.) d'imchomét, TBC-LL¹ 1674 .

II As adv. with adversative force nevertheless, however: nad biu-sa resna sluagaib ní ba siriu, bar F. . . . dessid F. riasna sluagaib arái, TBC-LL¹ 496 . ┐ arai fessa dam mo thustidi féin nevertheless let me know (who were) my own parents, LU 1682 . ranic tra co ham tuismeda di ┐ arai nir scuir dind fhognam, RC xxiv 190.11 . tugad dise hé . . . ┐ aráoi ni móite fuair-siom sláinte, TTebe 807 . arai som dano dofocrait cath for Eochaid in spite of that, LL 14402 . tangatar . . . ina aghaidh, ar a aoi ni ró chumhaingset ní dhó , AFM iii 88.11 . bátar acc folmaise a bfobartha . . . ara aoí ní dheirgensat `but, however they did not do so', vi 1884.14 . arái sin ní théit immach, TBC-LL¹ 198 . arái sein barroega F., 4413 . ar-aí sin ra érig Crom D., MU² 504 . arai sin tra roshantaigh imon comairli . . . do dhenum, Aen. 779 . fairend . . . dogníat trócaire . . . ┐ biit araíde i llaxai, LU 2195 ( FA 27 ). ro chuindig ceat a athar ┐ ni tharut dí. Araide dochuaid si cen chetugud dó, IT i 40.8 . araide batar sonairte seom, 74.19 . robæ dano comēt leisseom ar inn ingin. ┐ araide rostoirrchestar quidam vir nobilis , Rawl. 147a44 . adlesc-som aráide do dhul i ndíthrub, PH 4743 .

Note also (as conj.): araíde nocha herbartha-su, lest you say, Alex. 828 = araba, Anecd. v 2.9 . See also Bard. Synt. Tr. 17.27ff.

aiccidit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aiccidit or dil.ie/762
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: aicíd

n [i, f.] (Lat. accidentia, see GOI § 918 ). Later aicíd (with voiceless -c- and unlenited -d.)

(a) accident (gramm.): ní a.¤ sibi calléic, non accidens sibi. . . , Sg. 71b10, 11 . ní fail nach na.¤ taibsed sainred litre, 6b25 . ataat andsom acciditi coitchenna `there are there common accidents', 71b9 . inna aicciditi gl. accidentia, 190b2 .

(b) accident, quality (philosophical, etc.): bídh . . . ag gach créatúir . . . nádúir ┐ subsdaint . . . ┐ aicíd . . . as é as subsdaint . . . don duine bheith 'na ainmhidhe résúnta . . . aicíde dhó bheith gerr nó fada, láidir no lag, Mac Aingil 2826 . aicíde, nádúir ┐ nuimhir na bpeacadh, 2833 . tri gnée aicídeadh nó circunsdainteadh, 2837 . aicíde an fhíona mar atā blas, boladh, dath. etc., Parrth. Anma 3012 . aicidedha arain ┐ fiona, faoi a bhfuil go firinneach corp ┐ fuil ar ttighearna, Luc. Fid. 249.7 . ona haicidibh ud an arain ┐ an fhiona, 254.6 . mar as contrardha in taicid ┐ in tsustaint da celi, Ir. Astr. Tr. 66.26 . do réir inaid ┐ aicídi ┐ cúise, O'Gr. Cat. 185.15 . aicidi na hanma mar ata fearg ┐ fuasnaid, 23 P 10³, 2b9 . o na h-aicidib noch bis a coimidecht in fiabrusa incidental ailments, RC xlix 4 § 2 .

(c) accident, attack of illness ; disease: is olc ind accidit `the disease is grievous', MacCongl. 95.14 . bas, tinneas ┐ aicideadha oile, Luc. Fid. 233.4 . an tan thuitios duine go prab a n-aicíd thindis, Mac Aingil 2556 . ar an aicíd uathfásaicc . . .i. an bholgach Fhranngcach, Párl. na mB. 1285 . taraingios mímheasardhacht bíg mórán aicídíghe ┐ éagcruais ortha, 1197 . drochaicid, Ériu x 153 . lucht na haicīde sin `people afflicted with that disease', Fl. Earls 132.z . Extended use affliction, distress: mo lán-chreach ghéar a haicíd (of Ireland), O'Rah. 14.1 .

1 aicned

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aicned or dil.ie/808

Forms: aigneadh, aignidh, aigeanta, a., a., aicnid, aicniud, aigenta

n o, n. Later m. aigneadh m. (g s. and n p. aignidh, aigeanta), IGT Decl. § 49 . (referred by Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 544 to a compd. *ad-gní. See Vendr. Lex.). n s. a.¤ , Ml. 146a2 . a s. a.¤ , 67c12 , ZCP vii 299.15 . g s. aicnid, Wb. 32b6 . d s. aicniud, Ml. 17b26 .

(a) inherent quality, essence, nature: combad a.¤ nindib a nolc gl. naturalis `that the evil is natural in them', Ml. 76a11 . a.¤ ind reto, 20a19 . is trom . . . ho aicniud, 20a20 . foillsigthir as nísel in doinacht iar naicniud, 25c5 . atgleinn assa aicniud fessin air is inunn folud techtas frisin bocht, 61a8 . fri a.¤ inna deachtae, 67c12 . ni ó aicniud na cétne tuisten act is o aicniud pectho doforchosalsam ó adam gl. eramus natura filii irae, Wb. 21b4 . fírmac aicnid ní a uccu gl. filius meus es tú, 32b6 . cesu locdatu as a.¤ and, Sg. 217b12 . ba tressio tol aicniud will was stronger than nature, LU 10730 . sechtar aicniud duine preternaturally, RC ii 402 § 43 . i nd-oendacht aicnid ┐ i trédacht persainde, PH 7086 . ro túaslaicthe for a.¤ na ndul dia ndernta they have been dissolved into the nature of the elements from which they were made (of the dead), LU 2518 . muna raibhe i nacchaid aiccnidh contrary to nature, ZCP x 16.23 . tīagat sium asa n-aignedaib cōirib they leave their proper natures(?), viii 104.7 . aigneadh an ois éigcríona the instinct of the young stag, Content. xxv 7 . aigned suighte fil indti sen they have magnetic properties (of stones), BB 7a13 . a oifficech dia dīrgadh i n-a aignedh cōir `a driver directing it in its proper function' (of a mill), Fl. Earls 72.16 . Opposed to poetical invention: is fuirmed filed romīdair ina hanmand sa dona airc[h]etluib do ṡluind na n-ilaltae . . ., nī ha.¤ romīdir leo, Corm. Y 41 . Attrib. g s.: is firindi aignidh dia lentais `they followed Natural Truth', IT iii 202 § 80 . ferinnsci aicnid, is e in fer, ferinnsci saerda, is e an neam i.e. natural as oppd. to conventional masculine, Auraic. 595 = f. aigenta, 3126 (cf. aicnetae).

Nature as a basis of law: cid i n-agar breithemnus berla Feini? . . . i fir ┐ dliged ┐ aignead, Laws v 2.2 . fir n-aignaid, 430.23 . i mbreathaib aicnigh ┐ cuibse in judgements oḟ nature and conscience, 452.20 . a fir breith iar cubus ┐ aigne, ii 18.20 Comm. a hurd Feine ┐ aicnidh, v 466.21 . in tan na fuidbiter a cosmailius hi is a breth a lom-aignid `when no parallel case is found it is to be taken from bare nature', 8.z Comm.

In phr. fo a.¤ according to the nature of: fo aigned a graid, BCrólige § 21 . is fiach fo a.¤ ar inti dorinne, § 61. fo a.¤ na ré, O'D. 1651 (H. 5.15, p. 21a). fo a.¤ na fogla `according to the nature of the trespass', Laws iv 76.1 Comm. fo a.¤ cetmuindtire urnadma no adaltraige, 44.y Comm. fo aignedh craind, 170.15 Comm.

(b) mind, spirit, feeling: do ṡaine ergna ┐ aigenta ┐ inntlechta, CCath. 1617 . dearóile th'intinne ┐ th' aigeanta `how miserable thy mind and spirit', Keat. iii 3150 . cessis a menma ┐ a a.¤ ┐ a innithim forthu, CRR § 26 . tuc toil a menman ┐ a haigenta dhí, RC xxix 132 § 46 . as gairdiugud menman ┐ aicenta dúin, Acall. 287 . ar dorat Dia a seirc ┐ a grad fom a.¤ , BB 239b2 . ra érig . . . fích immarcraid i nacentaib ánruth, LL 240a13 ( TTr. 1724 ). go ndearna . . . taom budh aithreach dá aigneadh, TD 17.59 . do chuaid a aigned as a inadh he was beside himself, Celt. Rev. iii 10.31 . aigneadh dúnta 'gun rígh ruind since the king's mind is closed against us, Ériu iv 220.19 . ba brisedh aiccnid mor la Cesair sin `that was a great heartbreak to Caesar,' CCath. 3321 . In phrase do-ice a.¤ x for x is moved (towards, by) (cf. do-icc cride for, s.v. do-icc II a): tainig aignedh C. andsin ar briathraib na hingine C. was greatly moved at the girl's words, TTebe 4606 . tanic a n-a.¤ co mor forro the Greeks were greatly moved for them, 3125 . In sense of high spirit, courage: mosgail th'aigneadh, eirg ad lúireach, SGS iv 138 § 5 . anger, wrath: eirghidh a.¤ in cleirig friu, Lism. L. 2972 . ni lamdhais . . . ní dó . . . ar mhét a aicnidh, 2999 . rocendsaiged . . . a.¤ O., TTebe 2959 . do ḟiuch a ḟearg ┐ do ardaigh a aigneadh, ML 138.30 . amal rochúala Cairpre / téit a a.¤ i n-airdde `his anger is roused', Metr. Dinds. iii 444.66 . benaidh aignedh Molaga fris et téitt bás Molaga's anger struck him, Irish Texts iii 21 § 18 .

(c) disposition, character, behaviour: a.¤ ailgen cen ainble, ZCP vi 264 § 10 . ronbé ō christ aigned n-arge, ACL iii 297 § 55 . ba hanrata a.¤ ind fir sin, TTebe 1544 . fear dob aithreamhail n-aignidh `like his father in disposition', TD 17.37 . a Eoin go n-aigneadh coluim (to John the Baptist), Dán Dé xi 19 .

(d) mind, attention, thought: ni roibe a aigned isin ernaighthi, RC xii 330 § 18 . suidh th'aigneadh im uradhall `do thou heed my words', Dán Dé xi 2 . caide th'a.¤ uimmi siút? opinion, Acall. 7537 . intention, idea: an t-aignedh do g[h]abhabhair do láimh `the said resolution you have taken', Ériu xv 50.29 . fillem go ár ccéudaignedh uime so, Geneal. Tracts 20.16 . ar demni ind aicnid, lúthige ind láthair ┐ méit na gaile the certainty of the intention (of performing a feat), LU 9142 ( FB 88 ). a chor i gcrích do réir aigeanta an tí dar thiomna é, TSh. 6145 . In phrase is a.¤ la: ní bad aigned la haon co fetfaide a ngeinemain nobody would ever imagine, Aisl. Tond. 109.2 . más aiccnedh libh a lenmain `if ye mean to abide by it', BNnÉ 288 § 276 . atá i n-a.¤: ni fuil i n-aigniudh co bfuighbhe an breth connaighe o Ultaibh it is not to be expected that you will get the reward you expect from the U., ZCP xiv 226.6 . dia mbeith in aigneadh dhó a shláinte dfaghbail if he were likely to recover his health, AFM v 1772.9 .

(e) knowledge, science (cf. 1 ecna(e)): dá n-iccad a.¤ oendrúad if the skill of any druid were of avail, LU 3549 ( SCC § 29 ). ard shaoi . . . in gach aicniudh atces do dhuine, AFM ii 1166.16 . gebé haigneadh ar a dtiubhra mé aire `to what study soever I apply myself', Carswell 195.9 (O'Rahilly compares aigniodh nuaidhe, Desid. 6449 , see p. 362).

áilges

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áilges or dil.ie/1007

Forms: á-, ailgess, ailgis, ailgais, algis, algais, hālgese, algessi, algaisse, ailgeasa, t-álgas, áilgi[o]s, algiusa, ailciusa, alghusa, álghais

n ā, f., later (?) u and o, m. The meaning and earlier inflection are against analysis as deriv. of álaic (cf. Desid. Gloss.) though the rhyming exx. ( Metr. Dinds. iii 62.107 and bardic verse passim) indicate long á-. The length-mark is not usual in early exx., and Heldensage 69 , on the basis of Corm. Y 62 , takes as compd. of 2 ail and geis `Schimpf-Bitte' (note that geis in general sense of request is poorly attested). Desid. Gloss. suggests compd. of áil and geis. In later verse with unlen. -g-, as shown by the rhymes quoted infra.

As ā, f. n s. ind ailgess , Corm. Y 62 . a s. ailgis, Thes. ii 339.5 . ailgais, 47 . algis (: Pictavis), Fél. Jan. 13 . algais, LU 9727 . g s. na hālgese , ZCP ix 449 § 2 . algessi (: deissi), Metr. Dinds. iii 138.18 . algaisse, Folklore iii 503 § 40 . n p. ailgeasa, Laws v 352.1 .

As o and u, m. n s. in t-ailges , Laws i 300.12 Comm. in t-álgas (: thángas), DDána 7.36 . a s. áilgi[o]s (: fáidli[o]s), Metr. Dinds. iii 62.107 . g s. algiusa, LU 2809 . ailciusa, LB 155b16 . alghusa, Desid. 6523 . álghais (: ccais, leg. chais, ed.), O'Hara 3180 .

(a) In legal sense demand, request (usually made by poet): ailgess . . . .i. geis guide, ┐ is ar ail didiu nammā doberar in gude sin, nī har a molad. sechtmad dano lōge enig indī cosa connegar ind algess; is ī ind ailgess tēchta, Corm. Y 62 (cf. Heldensage 69 cited above). ni diles in t-ailgeis do berar don file ar eagla aoire, O'D. 541 ( H 3.17, c. 434 ). tri ruidles ollaman ailges ┐ anamhain ┐ glaimh dicend, O'D. 2319 ( Rawl. B. 506 , 33b2 ). ailges do ceanduibh an extempore demand, O'D. 2208 (Nero A vii fo. 144a). atait secht n-ailgesa breithe la Feine .i. secht n-oll-geisi no secht is tairmisge ar in mbrethemain, Laws v 352.1 . in tailges dligthech .i. ris in ti na damann dlighedh do iar tabairt ailgesa air, i 300.12 Comm. ini gellus in ben tar cenn a heinig .i. in ailges indligthech, v 216.5 Comm.

(b) General sense (importunate) wish or request: in clam gáde ailgis (.i. a itge) dí, Thes. ii 339.5 (Hy. v). ni dlegar dím acht oenailgis isind losa, RC iii 179.6 . tar ēsse na halgese forfuirmis the boon thou hast requested, ZCP ix 449 § 2 . trí hailgesa (haisgeadha v.l.) étúalaing `three impossible demands', Triads 113 . In special phrases. gaibid a.¤ DE: demands: co rragbat algis dia gaibseom . . . atá i tairṅgere dia gaiseom rí do marbad de mani gabthar algis de let them demand his spears, LL 13941 . Crechmael drúth Énnae . . dorochair and oc gabáil algessi do ingin macdacht through desiring a girl, 22255 . rogabsat na mná ailgis do Chonchobur, 14328 . rogab algais de im athchuingid fair demanded a request of him, LU 9727 . Cridenbél Cáinte gaphais algas dim . . . im na tri mirionn as dech dim cuibrind demanded of me the three . . ., RC xii 64 § 27 . tarla clamha dhó . . . gabhsat ailgius de cu tart a chasal doibh, Lism. L. 2389 . gnim nailgesa .i. á.¤ do gabail de tre ngnim ndraighechta, O'Curry 457 ( H 3.18, 243a ) (ref. to geis in sense of magic). do-beir a.¤ FOR demands of: is e dorat algais for F. `who made demand of F.', Folklore iii 469.5 . tobert ailges forsind rīg im ḟeis laiss, Anecd. iii 57.7 . fo-ceird a.¤ FOR: íarna chur do feraib Herend algiusa fair immo fis cáit ro adnacht D. after the men of Ireland had requested of him to know, LU 2809 . ro laisi trá fo deoid algis fair sium co tudchad for aithed léi she begged him to elope with her, 2930 . do cor algusa for Lucc ōn `this was a challenge to Lugh', RC xii 78 § 72 . As quasi vn. oc a.¤ FOR: og áilghes fair importuning him, Hugh Roe² 78.6 (fo. 20b) . ro gabsat ic saint ┐ ac ailcius debtha for Troiandu, BB 429b20 .

(c) strong desire, wish: tercci in bíd ┐ met a ailciusa and the greatness of their appetite, LB 155b16 . gan ailges bīdh gan bethaid mēth, ZCP viii 231.21 . cor-gab saínt ┐ ailgius catha . . . na curaid, TTebe 2610 . acht gníther tol ┐ áilgius ┐ accobur Priaim and, LL 229b 44 ( TTr. 932 ). ar accobor ┐ ar ailgius leo na timna . . . diadha do comhallad, Lism. L. 3312 . na neithe da ttabhratais lucht aingcisi . . . miana ┐ áilghesa, BNnÉ 128.28 . re h-ailgius na h-ingabala eagerness to escape, MR 318.25 . ó uile ālghas do chroidhi with all thy heart, Desid. 4819 . ní dáilghes a hionnmhais, AFM v 1652.5 . tic algis . . . on croidhi appetitus, Ériu ix 64.29 . mé gan m'álghas d'iongabhail (: rángas), Dán Dé xxii 16 . ní don bhaile do bhí m'álgus (: fhágbhus), L. Cl. A. B. 83.43 . an t-álgas fhuair an bhean / uaim, DDána 7.36 . damh fa álgus a oirimh (: fádghlas), IGT Decl. ex. 1319 . fa álgas ḟir m'ḟiadhaighthi (: tángas), ex. 1292 . Note also: re frepta do liaig .i. in re bis in ailges `the time that he is in illness', Laws v 308.y Comm. áilgheas `the dysentery', Celtica vi 68 .

aimgér

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aimgér or dil.ie/1111
Last Revised: 2019

adj o,ā (gér)

(a) blunt: na gnuisi diten atbér | cotut is aen nach aimger, Auraic. 1979 .

(b) dull, stupid : atamaid fein uile aimhgher neamhthuigseach = stupidus, Adtimchiol 245b1 . gurab aimghére ar naigneadh jno dho fhédadh sé gliocas spiortalta Dé do ghabhail = rudior, Adtimchiol 113b1 .

ainbreith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainbreith or dil.ie/1179

n (breith) wrong or unjust judgement: ní airgither anbretha i riguib, O'D. 2213 (Nero A vii f. 147a). ? anbretha thaidg thennal Ulad, O'Dav. 1540 (translated as if án-bretha `splendid judgements') = anbretach, O'D. 2218 (Nero A vii, 149b). gach ar thugas d'ainbhreathaibh riamh, Tribes of Irel. 84.18 . ní rug ar aoinfher ainbreith, O'Gr. Cat. 378.7 . ní ḟéadfa tusa is tú id rígh / fulang ainbhreath injustice, TD 21.15 . More usually unjust rule: fuair a dhuthaigh saor an ainbhrethib oifficceach, AFM v 1689.11 . ag coitsecht fris na hain brethaibh nó himbertha for shaorclandaibh, 1864.10 . nírbhó sodhaing . . . fulang a nainbreth an airett sin, vi 2050.22 . ná hiarr dearbhadh air níos mó / nach rabhsad fa ain-bhreith dhó seek no further proof that they did not submit to his false rule, Content. vi 204 . a chomhghaol / fa ainbhreith eachtronnmhaor, DDána 107.13 . do dhioghailt a négcóra ┐ a nainbhreth arna págánachuibh, Ériu v 164.16 . díoghlais orra a n-ainbhreatha unjust dealings , TD 13.41 . exhorbitant claim: tar mhéid ainbhreath na n-éigeas, Studies 1921, 257 § 2 . fear īocas a n-ainbhreatha / gach laoi re hēigsibh Éireann, O'R. Poems 1001 .

See ambreith.

aindliged

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aindliged or dil.ie/1253

n o (dliged) unlawfulness, illegality; unjust deed, misdeed: da thi aindligid air, Laws iv 196.6 Comm. iarna gabail . . . ina aindligedh `illegally', RC xviii 162.20 (Tig.). do dighailt h'anndlighidh ┐ h'ecora fort-sa, Stair Erc. 1297 . tarcaisne ┐ aindligheadh d'fhulang, Desid. 2240 . Banbha fa bhreith a chinidh / . . . is aindhlighidh, DDána 80.42 . lá dár ḟóbair aindligheadh the day he attempted treachery, TD 16.33 . a cinaigh (leg. i cinaid) a andligidh, Ériu iv 176 § 17 . do chionntaig é féin ina aindligthibh blamed himself for his misdeeds, SG 12.27 . lomnán d'ulc is d'aindlighthibh `abounding in wickedness and sin', TD 7.34 . méad m'éagára is m'aindlighidh `the sum of my wrong and injustice', 42.3 . With do-gní: dogní . . . a.¤ dia chomarsain, PH 7641 . With do-beir: gach uile aindlighedh da tucsat na ced-aithreacha damh, Smaointe B. Chr. 199 . aindligheadh béoil ┐ láimhe do thabhairt dá chomharsain injustice in word and deed, TSh. 2962 . díol cert do Dhia san naindligheadh tugadar na daoine dhó .i. an pecadh, Ó Héodhusa 55.17 . asé as blaisfémhia ann aindligedh no aithis do thabhairt le briathraibh do Dhia, 154.12 .

ainmm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainmm or dil.ie/1471
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: a., ainm, ainm, ainim, a., ainm, anmae, anme, anmma, anmme, anmaim, anmin, anmmaimm, anman, anmmann, anman, anmann, anmanaib, nainm, nainmm

n n, n. Later m. int a.¤ , Trip.² 305 . ainm m. IGT Decl. § 41 . n s. ainm, Wb. 21d4 . Ml. 30a11 . ainim, 30a9 . a.¤ , Sg. 56b10 . a s. ainm, Ml. 30a10 . g s. anmae, Ml. 30a10 . anme, 36b1 . anmma, Sg. 26b11 . anmme, 211b6 . d s. anmaim, Ml. 30c17 . anmin, 17b9 . anmmaimm, Sg. 54b3 . n p. anman, Ml. 104a4 . a p. anmmann, Sg. 61b3 . g p. anman, Ml. 87a12 . anmann, Sg. 27a9 . d p. anmanaib, Ml. 30a8 . n du. da nainm , Ml. 34d6 . a du. da nainmm , Sg. 28a7 . For Ogam ANM see Vendryes Études Celt. vii 139-46 (= inscription? mortal remains?).

(a) name: anman na coic cathrach, Ml. 104a4 . hond anmim asberr iesus, 17b9 . is ed dogair som ho anmaim chailich which he calls by the name of, 30c17 . do dechor etir anmmann inna crann ┐ anmmann a toraid inna crann sin, Sg. 61b3 . ind anmma dilis `of the proper name', 26b11 . Calpurnd ainm a athar, Trip.² 82 . Gnimcinnsiolaigh la ainim by name, TFrag. 168.10 . oc baistiud ind anma-sin fora athair, Sc.M² § 12 . cechlabat fir hErend . . . inn ainm sin, TBC-LL¹ 1056 . ainm n-ogaim, 582 (See Études Celt. vii 139-46). ainm ┐ uss ┐ slondudh (required in certain kinds of satire), IT iii 105 § 210 , see p. 122 and Éigse v 231 . Dismus ┐ Geomus anmand Grécda na latrand, Ériu iii 198 § 25 . sgríobhaid . . . anmonna ar slógh i nglanrolla, TD 30.9 . anmanda na seacht fear ndeg, Auraic. 125 . da n-ainm fuirre she has two names, ZCP viii 106.5 . Inis Bhanbha na ttrí ttonn / do shlonn sí trí hanma ann, IGT Decl. ex. 1152 . suairc an daingean anma d'Aodh this fort called Aodh's, DDána 119.10 . a.¤ baiste Christian name: Tadhg no Domnall, atá sunnradh anma baisde ionnta, IGT Introd. § 15 (7.21) . an Colum Cille . . . is é fá hainm baiste dhó Criomhthann, Keat. iii 1575 . i n-anmain in the name of: combad a n-anmaim cruichi Crist noragadh a n-agaidh Tholamir, RC x 184.7 . i nn-anmaim Athar ┐ Maicc ┐ Spirtu Noíb, Trip.² 668 . nach óen dobéra ní it anmaimm, 1343 . dia nglacadh . . . a n-ainm diūc de parma `to . . . receive them in the name of the D.', Fl. Earls 102.26 . baí ssidhe . . . leith bliadhain in ainm ┐ in ionad an prionnsa inErinn, AFM vi 225 § 11 . Meaning uncertain in phrase a.¤ rainde ('share, proportion (lit. a division in name only)' Ériu xl 104 n. 9 ; `proportion', Laws Gloss.; 'specified or fixed amount; designated fraction' EIS 102 ): in tainmrainne gabus in crann ina cloich gurab é in tainmrainne sin do leth logh bes fair ┐ is é rainn rachus ar na anmannaibh rainne sin, O'D. 916 ( H 3.17, c. 653 ). in tainmrainne gabus éric nochtaithi tige . . . bes a mbuain a tuige dib, 1696 (H. 5.15, p. 31b). in t-ainmrainde gabus aen trian secht cumal indtib uile, Laws iii 116.9 Comm. in tainmrainne geabus in sine isin uth, 366.5 Comm. in t-ainmroindi dun cethraimthi eneclainni . . . gurub a leth bias do, Laws v 34.17 Comm. in t-ainmrainde gaibis an sechtmad isin mis curob e an t-ainmrainde sin don dechmaid bes tis, 308.2 Comm. in tainmraindi d'a eniclainn fen do biad dosum, 72.10 Comm. Title, heading: an t-ainm iasachta uarais the foreign title thou hast got, TD 22a.8 . gan ainm ríodhamhna gan rígh, 32.44 . do chailleas onóir mh'anma, DDána 90.3 . ní dhé sin tré cheart n-anma / goirthear rí go bhfreasabhra `such a man cannot strictly be called opposed', Content. vi 138 . is anmmaim ona attat `under the name of loan', Laws v 368.x Comm. toirmisgther ann so a nainm gada . . . gan fiacha nó cíos do dhíol under the heading of theft, O'Gr. Cat. 113.32 .

(b) reputation, repute, renown: dia lotar fo-dess for fecht | fo ainm Iosēph i n-Ēgept 'they went southwards on a journey under the protection (lit. name) of Joseph into Egypt', SR (Greene) 3647​ . forbīad a ainm ar gnīmaib gaiscid firu Érend, TBC-I¹ 551 . is í T. cathuir is mó ainm indti `the city most of name', Maund. 228 . ? bidh ainm cintaig in gairm ndodhad / bid ainm cinadh, ACL iii 295 § 29 ; cf. 296 § 35 . ainm uasal san Eoruip ort, DDána, 90.6 . bhar n-ainm féile re fada / méadóchaidh Mac Diarmada, 68.35 . ar mhéad anma is einigh, TD 10.2 .

(c) Gramm. noun: ind anme fil ina chomsuidigud gl. nominis, Sg. 211b6 . intan nád ṁbí conson etir peneuilt ┐ uilt isind anmmaimm chétnidiu gl. in nomine, 54b3 . nibí dechor etir diall nanmann ┐ pronominum `there is no difference between the declension of nouns and pronouns', 27a9 . a.¤ (= nomen) ┐ pronomen ┐ briathar, Auraic. 300 . a.¤ scoilte noun composed of different words: ainm sgoilte nach cóir a ttús chomhfhocuil: Fégh fa lighe, no Giolla na naomh, no Mac Raith, IGT Introd. § 124 (28.23) . So also: ainm sgoilti, ainm ceirde, § 97 (24.27) . a.¤ substaintech concrete (as oppd. to abstract) noun(?): ar an méd as pearsuin di (i.e. don ghaoidheilg) seach a hanmannuibh subsdainnteacha, § 2 (2.10) . gan aithearrach oghuim do dhénamh ar chonnsuine láir anma subsdainntigh fhocuil nach comhfhocal, § 102 (25.33) . a.¤ trén substantive, see trén. a.¤ adiecht(a) adjective see adiec(h)t(a). a.¤ úathaid simple (i.e. uncompounded) noun , see 1 úathad. Cf. doaidbit ainm hi suidiu gl. nominatiui casus uim habent (of verbs), Sg. 159a2 (noun). Nominative case: ag sin, ag súd, is ag so comchóir réim is ainm orra, IGT Introd. § 128 (29.8) . co ír [réim] ┐ ainm na mbéluibh sin, ag sin mhnaoi ngil, ag sin bean gheal, ibid.

aipche

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aipche or dil.ie/1562

Forms: aibche, aibghe

n , f. (apaig). aibche, aibghe, IGT Abstr. Nouns § 30 . ripeness, maturity: ni tanccatar guirt in tire ina n-a.¤ fein, CCath. 3503 . re linn easgair ┐ a.¤ dhó (of a field), TSh. 9122 . ar ngéagcraobh go n-aibche fháis, DDána 79.9 .

airchissecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airchissecht or dil.ie/1724

n ā, f. Vn. of ar-ceissi ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 486 ). IGT Verbs § 112 .

(a) act of compassionating, sparing, pitying; pity, compassion: do thabhairt díglae foir nípo dia a.¤ , Wb. 4c21 . is ar airchissecht dúibsi ni dechud sa cucuib, 14c40 . ar is mou ruicim les m' airchissechtae indaas digal do thabairt form, Ml. 22c14 . hond erchissecht gl. [diuina] propitiatione, 32d23 . inna erchisechttæ gl. misserandi, 120a5 . dlegair airchisecht `he deserves pity', Mon. Tall. 144.25 (§ 46) . cia dom chartib . . . dom airchisecht this is one of my friends come to comfort me, LU 6301 (TBC). ? tiumargain cin aircisecht .i. t. in bidbuidh do gin aircisecht in feichemhan toicheda, O'D. 573 ( H 3.17, 442 ). na bad scarad . . . athig ri shétig ac iarraid a airchisechta, LL 243b23 ( TTr. 1995 ). dia rom cur misi dot airchisecht, YBL 158b46 . bid uaite bar nairchisechtai i.e. there will be few to pity you, Alex. 223 . don cholainn tugas treiseacht / móide iarraim m'oircheiseacht, Dán Dé xi 2 . bud étrumaidi a iargnó ┐ a oirchisecht agum my regret and pity for him, MR 122.10 . In passive sense complaining, lamenting: ac écáini ┐ ac airchisecht, TBC-LL¹ 3657 . ni roloing cen airchisecht without pain, TBC-I¹ 1606 .

(b) act of helping, assisting, taking care of: ro aithniset fir Muman a ngiall dia airchisecht to be kindly treated, LU 4366 = dia n-airchiseacht, Anecd. i 16.8 . tainic dia oirchisecht on nairne sin i raibhae ó Find, RC xi 131.70 . oirchiosachd aoidheadh n-annamh (a work of charity), Mac Aingil 3612 . corp na maigdine do anorugad ┐ do oirchisecht `to honour and cherish', Grail 3720 . observatio legis et vitae .i. airchisecht cuirp ┐ anmai, O'Mulc. 297 . ro badus ac modsaine dom curp cin nach oircisecht do denum for m'anmain `serving my body when I gave no thought to my soul', Grail 3838 . Of a sympathetic message of warning, frequ. coupled with robud: tæt nech ūaib co robud ┐ co nairchisecht do Choinchulaind, TBC-I¹ 2319 . nach asrelgfedh ó Domhnaill dia orgain gan rabhadh ┐ airchiṡecht úadhasom dhó , Hugh Roe 158.20 . bertais Fergus rabudh ┐ oircissecht d feraib Erenn, ZCP viii 542.22 . adchonncatar chucu . . . aonmarcach le hoirchisecht rabhta `with an opportune warning', Caithr. Thoirdh. 61.26 .

Concrete alms, pittance see oirchisecht.

airchóitiugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airchóitiugud or dil.ie/1743

vn. of airchóitigid. act of harming: diabul dochoid ina ucht dia erchoitiugud, YBL 122b39 = d'erchoitiugud do, Irish Texts iv 119.13 . gan nathair neimhe do urchoittiughadh dhó ó sin amach, Leb. Gab.(i) 196.31 .

airet

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airet or dil.ie/1949
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: airet, eret, erat, arat

n (*ari + fot, O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 177 ff. ?Cf. senairotib, Thes. ii 239.18 . Gender doubtful. Orig. o, n., O'Rahilly. Taken as f. in Sg. 148a6 by GOI p. 157 , see below, and treated as f. in later language. airet, Wb. 25d1 . eret, Ml. 107d8 etc., Sg. 148a6 . erat, Ml. 33a1 . arat, 80b7 .

Length, interval, space (of time, less freq. also of space), later amount, quantity. Very frequent in conjunctive and adverbial phrases.

I

(a) is ed á eret is gessi dia cene ṁbether in hac uita this is how long, Ml. 107d8 . is ed a erat fritammiurat inna huli, 33a1 . á eret tias in cascc isin mís how late E. falls in the month, Thes. ii 39.25 . a oired ba ferr dó ar bánbiudh a time of similar duration during which he fared better as regards white meat, Hib. Min. 67.4 . iss ed eret no bitis Ulaid insin i mMaig M., LU 3223 ( SCC § 1 ). Of space: lagat inna saigte . . . ┐ a arat dia tochuirther `the distance from which it is shot', Ml. 80b7 . is he a.¤ sain rosaig / lassar lái brátha brethaig, SR 2531 .

(b) a.¤ as long as, as far as: a.¤ nombeinn isnaib imnedaib, Ml. 59a22 . a.¤ mbete im theglachsa, BDD² 312 . a.¤ bés . . . a cutrumesi do súg inda curpsom `so long . . . as there is this much juice in his body', Mon. Tall. 150.39 (§ 61) . a.¤ nat negar `so long as it is not washed', 155.24 (§ 67) . erett bett aboss 'ga tigh, BColm. 98.32 . Eas Rúaid heret aiges núall as long as Assaroe resounds, Ériu iv 150.27 . airiut ba beo iat, Marco P. 98 . eiret tēiti uiseōc as high as a lark soars, TBC-I¹ 3613 . oiret teit cloch a taball, PH 3040 . See Hull, ZCP xxix 121 - 2 . With co: airet co facaidh cnoc, CCath. 1449 . airet co tainic de, 4622 .

(c) With article: an a.¤ ropsa béo, Trip.² 1434 . a n-a.¤ ro bátar sruithi Eirend occó ari, 2996 . an oired dobi-seom a C.C. as long as, RC xviii 268.11 (Tig.). an oiread ro bí M. ag rádha a shoiscéla, Imr. Brain i 65.4 . in a.¤ bātar ag dēnomh na hadmhāla, Fl. Earls 64.3 . in oiriut tra do geb in tuasal neach bus cutruma res in isul `as long as (i.e. provided) the noble gets an advocate equal in rank to the man of lower class', Laws ii 84.24. Comm. Of space: an airat ro soich a scor sidhe for gach leith `as far as their `scor'-lands extend on every side', Laws iv 226.z . in oiret dochoid how far, PH 3039 .

In mixed construction with both article (or prep.?) and poss.: ina a.¤ báttar fein ar foccra during the period of their proscription, AFM vi 1974.3 .

(d) With cia how long, how far? cia arat gl. quandiu, Ml. 32d22 . cia a.¤ co tíchtin nancrist how long (it will be) till the coming, Wb. 25d1 . ce hairead uathaibh go tír how far they were from land, BB 39a26 . With rel. clause: cia eret mbete oc m ingraimmim se? `how long will they be persecuting me?' Ml. 33a9 . cia hairett atáidh sunn?, RC xxvi 376.8 . nocon fess cairet rochúaid how far, RC xiii 442 § 15 . cia a.¤ imthéit? how far does it go? TBC-LL¹ 1146 .

(e) With article and demonstr. in adverbial phrase for that long, during that (amount of) time (case of a.¤ doubtful, see O'Rahilly and Thurn. ad loc. cit. In most exx. apparently a s. of a fem. noun): ind eret sa gl. tandiu, Ml. 114b14 . ?inn heret sin imbói, Sg. 148a6 (so O'Rahilly loc. cit.; accus., GOI p. 157 ) i.e. during the time he was in Rome. ni rabe isin bith ní dognethe in n-eret sin léu acht cluchi, LU 3225 ( SCC § 1 ). at forbaeltiseom in n-a.¤ sin, 2277 . fífat-sa forsna slógaib in n-a.¤ sin, 6312 (TBC). inn-airet-sain during that time, RC xiii 110 § 147 .

II

(a) amount, quantity, usually in phrases meaning as much as, etc.: in óiret cétna as much again, Maund. 212 . in oirid sin `so much as that', Aen. 2558 . a naei n-a.¤ `nine times the value (of the thing stolen)', Marco P. 41 . is i an oiread (uirid, MS.), O'Gr. Cat. 307.30 . aiseoguidh sé seacht noirid he shall restore seven fold, Proverbs vi 31 . sudh mérsi ┐ sugh fenéil oired da gach sugh `of either juice an equal bulk', O'Gr. Cat. 225.4 .

(b) In phr. in a.¤ sin DI so much (of): inn a.¤ sin da slúag that many of their host, MU² 681 . anuireadsa do chuidiughadh, Carswell 20.7 . an oiret sin do leic oigre, Marco P. 225 . Note also: a oirett shin ele d'airde do beith ann that it was as high again, BNnÉ 71 § 121 . With mixed construction: a rád . . . co ndingenad Dia . . . ina airett sin d'éccórad `would do such injustice', Maund. 118 .

(c) With prep. FRI: na losa . . . dobertai . . . do C. doberedh oired ris fein d'Fir diad dib sin gave as much to F.D. as he took for himself, TBC-LL¹ p. 517 n.9 . dogebuir oired rium-sa dhe you shall share it equally with me, ZCP vi 99.6 . beth ar uired re og mac to be on the same terms with, Fen. 348.22 . nár tualaing iadsan oiret re Mac Conmara do dénam could not do as much as M., Caithr. Thoirdh. 85.10 . ar oiret aimsire fris of the same age as he, AFM v 1734.24 . go rabhadar Laighin cheithre uiread do shluagh ré fearaibh Mumhan `had a host four times as numerous', Keat. iii 3212 . go bhfuil a urad d'ughdardhas agam fein leis an mbiobla, Luc. Fid. 323.16 . na hiarr duais ach uiread leó look not for any more reward than they do, Measgra D. 7.112 .

(d) With ocus and rel. clause: uiread grádha . . . ┐ atá aige dhó féin, Desid. 6041 . urad as do bhí ag Criosd, Luc. Fid. 323.16 . Note also: a uiread . . . ┐ a ttiobhra Dia dhuit, Desid. 4600 . oiread (uiriod, MS.) a bhfuarais aréir as much as you got last night, Ériu i 97.y .

(e) With gen. as much as, even (in neg. and condit. clauses): gan uiret deilcc bruit do bhúain da fhiodhbadh not to take even athorn, Anecd. iii 6.12 . a.¤ in grain[n]e musdaird do ṡeirc Isa, Marco P. 8 . airead copán as much as a single cup, ZCP viii 563 § 18 . gu hoiread an fhocail dhíomhaoin as lúgha dá ndubhart even the idlest word I have spoken, Desid. 1177 .

Note also: mór da n-uiredaibh great quantities of them, Aisl. Tond. 132 § 6 .

airḟócra(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airḟócra(e) or dil.ie/1976

Forms: urfogra, airḟúacra

n [io, n.]. Later m. int urfogra , BCrólige 18 gl. 5 ; f. an urḟoccra, AFM vi 2254.1 . Also airḟúacra. Vn. of ar-fócair.

(a) act of proclaiming, giving notice; proclamation, notice, warning: robánic-si irfócre rium-sa, Wb. 16d10 . ní écen airócre, 7 . is andside bias esergi dona hulib daínib tri erfuacra meic De, LU 2496 . d'erfuacra na hesergi, 2512 . co ruacht in t-erúacra co Oengus, Lib. Hymn. 46.5 . égim . . . no urḟocra . . . cia thic 'sin sligid, TBC-LL¹ 644 . oc erfuagra rempo announcing them in advance, YBL 172a29 . airúacra treisi . . . ar méd do tarscuir three days notice (i.e. invitation), Hib. Min. 66.6 . dlegait aurḟocra co ol they are due an invitation to drink (of doorkeepers), LL 3760 . erfuacra uán for firu Erend, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 15.32 . co robud ┐ co n-erfuaccra, RC xii 422 § 3 . erḟuagra cíosa, TFrag. 126.2 . dligid erdál erḟócra, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 16 § 5.15 . orgain gan urfogra `without a preamble', MR 94.12 . tuccattar erḟuaccra (sic leg.) damhsaibh . . . tocht gan chairde ina ndochum `they ordered the mercenaries . . . to repair to them without delay', AFM v 1658.12 . ro freccrad an urḟóccra sin this signal (a bonfire) was responded to (by the troops), vi 2254.1 . cetharslicht in urfogra i.e. of giving notice in a legal process, Laws i 262.24 . do fed urfogra cach athgabail `notice precedes every distress', 264.3 . dichceall cach neislis . . . iar n-apad, iar n-urfogra dlige, 17 . ro bu faill dho cin in bidbanus d'urfocra not to give warning that an offence had been committed, v 160.21 Comm. ain for urfócra . . . treisi for furogra, i 78.y Comm.

(b) act of proclaiming, proscribing: aos urfogra ┐ foghluidhi cána proclaimed persons, O'D. 712 ( H 3.17, c. 520 ). do ni urfogra cuir ┐ connartha do neoch beith 'na furfogra biata ┐ ni dein urfogra biata de beith 'na urfogra cuir ┐ connartha, O'Curry 2535 ( Eg. 88 fo. 44(45)d ). ` i.e. a man who is debarred by proclamation from contract is debarred from entertainment but not vice versa ', Plummer MS. notes. na .vii. filid dia ṅglámad ┐ dia n-erḟuacra, LL 2521 . faenledaig fine bite for urfocra proscribed absconders from the `fine', Laws iii 10.17 . naidm for neach ro finntar for urfocra, iv 56.27 . tar urfogra a athur `despite the prohibition of his father' v 204.3 Comm. iar n-a hescuire ┐ iar n-a hurfogra, 154.11 Comm.

Cf. furfócra.

airis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airis or dil.ie/2127
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: aires, aires, irisse, irse, oires, -is, -esa

n Also aires. Form and inflection uncertain. Most forms indicate compd. of air- and 1 fis, whence u and o, m. But n s. aires, LU 6146 and g s. irisse, ZCP iii 243 § 46 , irse, Mon. Tall. 153.23 (§ 66) suggest a fem. ā-stem (which does not occur in meaning (a) below). No doubt two different words have fallen together in meaning (b). Identical with ires(s), Marstrander, Lochlann ii 210 . See LEIA oires (ó dhá chéill) m. (g s. and n p. -is, -esa), IGT Decl. § 38 .

(a) (fore-)knowledge: ro léicsem slóg forru cen airḟius unawares, LU 4784 (TBC). ná tístáis námhait fair cen airius inna chatraig, TTr.² 201 . co mbadar issind arucol . . . cen ḟis cen airḟis, Anecd. i 3.7 ( SCano 50 ). a tabairt do snadud as tualaing a turtaigthi mad cenairis snaite, Laws i 92.3 .i. mad cin fis faesma, 98.14 Comm. athgabail fir tairirid cen a.¤ fecheman toich, 194.21 .i. na fitir athgabail do gabail, 196.16 Comm. Perh. vn. of ar-finnathar.

(b) tryst, assignation, arrangement to meet: doboi iriss (.i. comdal) laiss do Galluib. Luid docum a irisse do Gallaib, ZCP iii 243 § 46 = iress, iresse, Comp. CC 39-40 . foceirtt lamae fair . . . commaranic caradrad irse `intercourse by tryst', Mon. Tall. 156.23 (§ 66) . asbert frie airm iressa `to arrange a place of meeting', Imr. Brain 42.10 . do rinne oiris . . . fa loing do tabairt i n-a aircis co Cend Traga, Celt. Rev. iv 16.16 . ? do N. na ḟir énoiris, IGT Decl. ex. 1031 . i n-a.¤ (with vb. of motion) to meet: tancatar . . . i n-herus C. (i noires v.l.) . . . is aire con deochatar sin i comdail C., TBC-LL¹ 1426 . tocht i n-herus inalta Feidilmthi, 556 . tánaic ind aires aodha uí D. gus an maighin sin came to meet O' D., AFM iv 1928.6 . In phr. a.¤ dála: i n-airius dála, SCano 309 . dogén airius dála frib, PH 3008 . in tan ticfad i n-a.¤ dála di[a] acallaim si. ar baí aires (.i. comdal) dála dissi ara barach fri C., LU 6146 (TBC). ar ní fuarsa co sse ingin follongad i n-airius dala imacallaim fón samail se frim who could hold her own with me in conversation at a tryst in this way, 10317 . tic in t-oclach a cind blíadne i n-a.¤ [a] dala, IT iii 194 § 29 . a.¤ catha meeting in battle, time of joining battle: airisin (for a.¤ in) catha .i. coinne chatha, O'Cl. o tanaic tra a.¤ an cathai moir, RC xii 96 § 127 . lotar do oiris an catha, § 129. co raibe tri la . . . and a noires chath[a] `awaiting battle', xviii 279.2 (Tig.). do thinoilsed Conmaicne ┐ Húi Briuin . . . a n-oiris catha do Thairrdelbach `to give battle to T.', 45.21 (Tig.). ised ro cinnset, anadh i n-a.¤ catha dóibh `to wait and meet them in battle', CCath. 132 . imat na slog dodec[h]atar i n-aires catha dó, 3042 . inn airius in morcatha, 4659

Of the person trysted with: dorala tria gabhra ar iris sainrethach d'fiachoibh ogo . . . ua foilid a iris ┐ a feichemh riamh a special friend owed him three horses . . . his friend and debtor welcomed him, Aisl. Tond. 93 § 2 = tarrla fiacha aige ar cumpanach airide dhó , 120 . In laudatory sense: flaith go roimheas 'gar ghnáth geall / oirios do chách go coitchenn, L. Cl. A. B. 140.32 . Cf. eiris.

Compd. do-rinnedar imram . . . an-athlam oiris-beg expeditious, ML² 658 .

airnise

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airnise or dil.ie/2326
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: oirnisi, oirneisi

n f. collect., later oirnis, oirnéis; oirnisi f. IGT Decl. § 3.17 (oirnis proscribed as incorrect), n s. oirneisi, IGT ib. ex. 190, cf. 219 . implements, tools; vessels, utensils; means, expedient: ness a ainm, is uime dognīther ind aurnaisi criadh round it the earthen vessels are made, Corm. Y 975 ( Anecd. iv 83.24 ). ness ainm don aurnaisi chriadh feisin, ib. (84.3). rucus airnisi ṅgobann la hoscor (.i. cen goibnecht) i.e. the tools of a smith belong to one ignorant of smithcraft, ZCP xv 310 § 5 . gabais airnisi in gobann huili etir bulgu ┐ urdu ┐ indeōin cona cip, viii 304.36 . eneclann a ngoid a oirnisi (of the smith), Laws v 16.3 Comm. im airnisi tsair im airnisi gobann, i 124.3 . ní fuil crodh agum acht ma[d] m'oirnis gaibneachta 'the tools of my smith's craft', Ev.Inf. (LFF) 225 § 62.5 . órd nó túagh nó ball óirnéisi íarruin, 1 Kings vi 7 . don oirnis to thogh Críost ré básughadh bháis, TSh. 8472 . do ghléus sé dhó oirnéis an bháis, Psalms vii 13 . pl. is iad na boill fá hoirnisi ris na holcaibh do dhéanamh, TSh. 6735 . oirneise ḟola an Aird-ríogh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxiv 9 (of Christ's wounds). bhail a rabhadar a foirnisi draoithechta, Ériu iv 51 § 10 .

Cf. airnéis.

airramus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airramus or dil.ie/2355

Forms: urramhas

n m. (see under airramanta). Appar. deriv. of airraim infl. by aurradus. urramhas m., IGT Decl. § 38 . urramhas nachar dhluigh dhó / do chuir urradhas orra, IGT Decl. ex. 1026 (= DDána 74.26 ). gu glíaidh do-ghní theinnenas / ó Briain ga mbí ar n-urradhus / do-ní a slegh rúadh rionnṡolus / gu fer úadh a hurramhus, ex. 1038 . fer lan d'urdercus ┐ d'urrumus, Ann. Conn. 1265.7 . do reir . . . a n-urramais, GJ i 43a41 .

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