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1 aile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aile or dil.ie/978
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: oile, eile, arch, aild, aile, aile, aill, aile, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, áili, aili, aili, aile, ailib, aile, aili, aile, aili, aili, a., n-aill, n-aile, éile, éle, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, aile, alaill, allail, alaill, alaili, alailiu, aili, alaaili, alaili, n-aile, allaili, aile, alaili, aili, alaile, holailiu, horaili, fulailiu, folaill, hualailiu, alaile, alaill, alaile, arele, lelele, alaill, aláil, araill, alaili, aláili, álaili, araili, áréli, alailiu, arailiu, alaili, aili, lialailiu, liala ailiu, aile, alailib, alaili, aréli, alaili, indala, indala, dondala, indala, indala, indala, all, AILE, ALAILE, arailiu, alailiu, alaile, (a)la, al(l)

In later lang. oile, eile other, one of two, second , pronominal used as adj. and noun. Inflected as io, iā -stem except in n a s. neut. (aill, see below). GOI §§ 486 ff. , Hamp, Études Celt. ix 477 (aill, arch. aild). Old-Irish forms. Stressed forms

(a) aile (as adj. follows noun; as subst. always with article or nach). As adj. n s m. aile, Wb. 12c46 . n. aill, 9c3 . a s m. aile, Wb. 9d31 . n. aill, 13a1 . g s. aili, Sg. 30a2 . d s. ailiu, Wb. 21a7 . ailiu, Sg. 30b4 . n p. áili, Wb. 12b1 . aili, 22d14 . a p. aili, Sg. 28a6 . g p. aile, Wb. 12b3 . d p. ailib, Wb. 12b11 . Fem. n s. aile, Wb. 10d18 . a s. aili, Sg. 189a8 . g s. aile, Sg. 188a12 . n p. aili, Sg. 22a3 . a p. aili, Sg. 191a2 .

n As subst. n s m. nach a.¤ , Wb. 20a10 . n s n. a n-aill , Wb. 4b24 . a s m. nach n-aile , Wb. 8a3 . éile, éle (influence of céile, GOI p. 308 ), 6a15 , 6c18 . a s n. na aill , Wb. 17c23 . g s. nach aili , Wb. 17b28 . d s. nach ailiu , Sg. 209b12 . a p. amal na heliu, Sg. 9b1 . ailiu gl. quos (nullos tepefacit sol), Ml. 94b20 . Fem. g s. inna aile , Thes. ii 15.42 (BCr.).

(b) With double stem ala aile, alaile, with dissimilation araile (with stress on -ail-) (as adj. precedes noun; as subst. does not take article or other proclitic, cf. Ped. Ériu xv 188 ff.).

As adj. n s n. alaill ṡain, Sg. 6b24 . allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , 209b10 . g s. alaili thríuin, Sg. 96a4 . d s. alailiu chruth, Ml. 98d1 . n p. alá aili aidme, Ml. 89a9 . alaaili réta, Sg. 111b5 . a p. alaili dliged, Ml. 18c11 . g p. ala n-aile ndoine, Ml. 54a21 .

Fem. a s. allaili mbeasti, RC xi 446.1 . g s. ala aile aidme, Ml. 51c5 . d s. alaili tain gl. quando, Sg. 222b2 . n p. ala aili interiecta, Sg. 10a1 .

When used with a prep. ending in a vowel alaile sometimes drops its initial: holailiu, Ml. 80a2 . horaili, 2a6 . fulailiu (sic MS.), 102d2 . folaill, Laws iv 102.14 . But hualailiu, Ml. 40d17 . Sg. 25b12 . With la see substantival use infra.

n As subst. n s m. alaile, Wb. 6b20 . n s n. alaill, 7d11 . a s m. alaile, Wb. 5d15 . arele, 9c19 . With la: lelele, 16c24 . a s n. alaill, 4c33 . aláil, 12a10 . araill, 23b21 . g s. alaili, Wb. 4c13 . aláili, 12a34 . álaili, 13a9 . araili, Sg. 10a10 . áréli, Wb. 13a5 . d s. alailiu, Wb. 2a14 . arailiu, 21a13 . n p. alaili, Wb. 13a16 . ala aili , Sg. 215a1 . a p. with la, lialailiu, Ml. 14a4 (liaailiu, MS.). liala ailiu, Sg. 32b5 . g p. ala n-aile (gl. reliquorum), Ml. 37a21 . Sg. 201b15 . d p. alailib, Wb. 25b13 . Sg. 208b8 . Fem. a s. fri alaili , Sg. 202a4 . d s. aréli (see above), Wb. 8a7 , alaili, Sg. 189a7 . 212b3 .

In Bardic verse this form alliterates with words beginning either with r- or vowels: líonmhar dá reic re-roile, DDána 61.3 . sgol i n-ucht ar-oile ag ól, 103.25 .

(c) Unstressed forms (always adjectival preceding noun or aí, see below, and most usually with preceding article or cach). With article (both words indecl.) n s m. indala mmod, Ml. 45b11 . a s m. indala fer, Wb. 4c16 . d s. dondala lucht, Wb. 16c20 . n s f. indala chlas, Ml. 138d1 . g s f. indala rainne, Sg. 74b7 . a s n. indala lestar, Wb. 4c32 . With cach, usually cach la: cach la sel, Wb. 15d9 . cach le céin, Ml. 19c1 . Without art. somet. also all, see C I (a) below.

A. The form AILE.

I As adj. following its noun other, second: frituidecht a.¤ anísiu, Sg. 21b11 . pronomen naill, 197b17 . fogur na liter na.¤ , 4a8 . guidiu itge n-a.¤ , Fél. Ep. 413 . anní nail as much again, IT ii1 180.177 . cethri fogaetha a.¤ , SR 49 . immon michil lasin crosfigill-so immon muiri lasind crosfigell na.¤ immasech `with the next', Mon. Tall. 137.z (§ 28) . do nach raod aliu `to any other matter', 143.30 (§ 43) . isind le[i]th ailiu, Críth G. 591 (eliu, MS.). do c[h]ellaib elib, BColm. 62.20 . forsin triur aili `the other three', RC xxiv 174.10 . aisceda imda eili, Sc.M² § 4 R . Longínus in ainm ele, PH 673 . a dhuine dhiombuain eile, DDána 27.3 . céd eili d'uaislib `a hundred other nobles', IGT Decl. ex. 60 . ┐ ní eili and furthermore, Hy Maine 161.31 . beag oile as congnamh ré chois `little else', Dán Dé x 17 . aill with non-neut. noun: ro-lēcus-[s]a gaí n-aill cucut-su, Sc.M² § 13 . issin láim n-aill, MU² 543 . do thuc bulli n-aill, TBC-LL¹ 1998 . fecht n-aile (n-aill), úair a.¤ another time, on another occasion see fecht and 2 úar. Of future time, next, forthcoming: lathi n-and resint samḟuin a.¤ cind bliadna, LU 3298 ( SCC § 10 ). cosin caiscc naili `until the next Easter', Mon. Tall. 132.17 (§ 12) . nach (na) . . . a.¤ (aill) any other . . . : nábat nacha arm aili `let it not be any other arms', Wb. 11d14 . dochum nacha rainne a.¤ , Sg. 188a12 . indtan noteigdis nach leth aili, Mon. Tall. 129.18 (§ 6) . in nacha reduibh ailib, Ériu ii 106.9 . Masc. with neut. noun: huare nad fil na nert n-a.¤ , Ml. 29d5 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other, others etc.: cuit inna aine ┐ inna a.¤ of the one and of the other, Thes. ii 15.42 (Bcr.). amal na heliu `like the others', Sg. 9b2 . arus leth do fallaib an aill do doebdadaib `for half is due for the neglects, the other for the claimants,' Laws iv 126.21 Comm. mad a.¤ da lina beta olca folaid `one of two parties', ii 366.11 . ma a.¤ dá lína bes anfoltach, O'D. 565 ( H 3.17, 441 ). co ndearnadhsom in a.¤ chédna likewise, TFrag. 22.22 . mani tucad . . . ní din chéttadall ni bered a n-aill, Sc.M² § 1 . ní fargaib bennachtain ┐ ní thuc anaill (alali, v.l.), RC viii 52.25 . aroile . . . anaill the one . . . the other (ref. to léo), Grail 3399 .

(b) period of two days: a.¤ do mnaib . . . treisi do rig, Laws i 78.15 . nat ṡasai aena tar a.¤ `that one day should not be extended beyond two days', 120.18 . athgabail a.¤ itir uin ┐ treise rosmidir Sencha, 126.11 . cach athgabail a.¤ , 144.24 .i. for ata anad naili ┐ apad aili, 146.21 Comm. is for dail na haili, 146.12 Comm. athgabail a.¤ do ingin im comorbus a mathar, 146.y .i. ar ata anadh naili, 148.3. Comm. a.¤ déc space of twelve days (cf. a.¤ déc one twelfth , (g) infra): a.¤ do mnaib, a.¤ dec doib im roe, Laws i 78.15 .

(c) Frequ. a n-aill something else, anything else: nimbe anaild arbera bith `he has nothing else that he may eat', Mon. Tall. 146.16 (§ 50) . ind lethbairgin ┐ ind cethramtu nó anaild `the half loaf and the quarter or other quantity, 151.z (§ 63) , ní fogbat merdrecha Ulad a n-aill acht foraim én dóib, LU 3254 ( SCC § 5 ). it é do theoir ríagla / nítroib anaill bas diliu `have thou naught else dearer', Ériu i 194 § 7 . in fil anaill? ol Grigoir `is there anything else?' ZCP iii 30.21 .

(d) Hence with ocus, etc. furthermore: ┐ anaill forácbus[s]a . . ., LL 279a7 . ┐ anaill béus, iarfaig-siu and furthermore, ask . . ., TBC-LL¹ 1920 . ┐ dano a n-aill and úair ni chesend nech, LU 2654 . ┐ anaill niro tagaill . . ., Grail 2786 . Cf. similar use of araill: et araill aile dana béus, TBC-LL¹ 106 . ┐ araill and, dano, . . . ní fil rígain . . ., LU 4015 ( SCC § 46 ). araill ele bheós ro leth ainm . . ., AFM v 1858.z . ┐ araill ele nir bó siodhach . . ., vi 2052.10 .

(e) Uninflected aill . . . aill one . . . another, some . . . others (not found in O. Ir. Glosses): imrordus in rígraid / . . . / aill úas laithib lígdaib / aill fo díanaib déraib some . . . others, Fél. Prol. 23 . aill fir mair . . . / aill ingene húage `one of a mighty man . . . another of a virginal maiden', June 5 . áill fri cumaid . . . aill ele fri teichead (of persons), Alex. 309 . .lll. carpdech . . . aill bruitt budi aill bruit deirg `some in yellow mantles others in red mantles', RC xiv 412.8 . Hence adverbially partly . . . partly: aill is tóla catha crūach / aill is cōra cacha crích, ZCP xi 110 § 30 . go ruc in ingen leis aill ar áis aill ar égin, Ériu xi 46.13 . Cf. aill .i. aonfecht .. . ut est aill torla tres tochuired, O'Dav. 34 , Ériu xiii 15.11 .

(f) With nach any other: arna arroímatsom nach na.¤ `lest they should receive any one else', Wb. 14d37 . cen acaldaim nach aili, Sg. 153b7 . cen acomol naich aili do `without joining any other to it', 197b17 . nib écen na aill, Wb. 22d12 . ni gessid na aill act búaid precepte, Wb. 26a34 . ní epur na haill `I say nothing more', Sg. p. 217 marg. sup. (Thes. ii xxii). in fail na aill adcota[r] dam, Trip.² 1323 . cona bía cuit do nach ailiu i nHére, 2766 . do-bérad naill ( = na aill) would give something else, BDD² 276 . With partitive DI something else of: asbéram na aill diar ṅgnímaib, Wb. 17c23 . in fuil anaill d'ingantaib air?, Grail 2983 . Cf. aill do buadaib Duind C. andso something of the triumphs, TBC-LL¹ 1529 .

(g) In numerals (fractions). a.¤ déac one twelfth: oile dég f., IGT Decl. § 3 . oil a dég (oil dhég v.l.) lochdach, IGT Decl. § 14 . aili deac brotto `the twelfth part of a second', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). erpais Patraic aili deac Erend dó the twelfth part of Ireland, Trip.² 911 . `a.¤ dhéc the twelfth part, the Brehon's fee . Anglicé allayéag,' O'Don. Suppl. ni uil aile déc dosomh ┐ atá éiric a gubreite fairsium, O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ). da tecarthar ni da folaid cruid on breithemain, no ailedec, Laws i 234.17 Comm. diablad na aile dec, 234.18 Comm. no co thormaigi fa geall co roib aile dec, v 252.20 Comm. log a breithemnuis, aile dec, 212.22 Comm. Perh. also in: ni bhía an oile dēgsi am díaigh / nach foighe Ó Bríain d'éicsi úaim, IGT Decl. ex. 216 . barr na ngēg uile re n-idnaibh / uile dég gun fidhbaidh ortt (lochtach), ex. 225 . Cf. Kl. enair for dardain ail uathaid fuirre `the second day of the moon thereon', RC xviii 176.27 (Tig.). 284.2 . For ail dec 35.9 Stokes suggests reading ail uathaid.

B. The form ALAILE etc.

I As adj.

(a) other: aliud pronomen . i. is allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , Sg. 209b10 . cenn cridi ┐ alaaili réta `and other things', 111b5 . sech alaili dliged ┐ indliuchtu `apart from other sayings and meanings', Ml. 18c11 . imtech[t] Boinde . . . ┐ alanaile n-aband, AU i 308. 11 , cf. 330.4 , 374.4 . In later lang. neut. form somet. used after noun irrespective of gender: leth in moige . . . al-leth allaill, RC xi 446.52 . don taeb araill, Stair Erc. 782 . isin luing araill, Grail 2969 . isind láim anaill, TBC-LL¹ 1719 . Note also: adhaigh n-aill n-aile another night, BNnÉ 324 § 38 .

(b) Usually some, a certain (gl. quidam, aliquis): hualailiu chlausul gl. uelut in clausula, Ml. 40d17 . holailiu lon gl. quodam adipe, 80a2 . ainm alaili thríuin `name of a certain hero', Sg. 96a4 . alaill ṡain, 6b24 . hualailiu mud gl. quodammodo, 25b12 . con alailiu fogoir (leg. fogur, edd.) gl. aliquo `with some sound', 39a2 . alaili tain gl. quando, 222b1a . ac gūmāidim ala naile nairec ninganta falsely boasting of various wonderful inventions, Corm. Y 825 . cornan alaili cuislendach, `a certain piper Cornan', Mon. Tall. 131.23 (§ 10) . alaili fáith marb, Trip.² 1395 . di araile anmcharait, ACL iii 5.3 . aroile fer angid, PH 818 . doní . . . araile gaitt irisech `she commits a certain pious theft', BColm. 84.10 . i n-araile domnuch, ZCP iii 33.15 . ro indsaig araile carruic . . . ┐ ros buail, Grail 1435 . in araile locc i lLaighis `at a certain place', AFM ii 1066.3 . Cf. co aroile mainistir ecin, RC x 187.4 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other: ni ferr nech alailiu, Wb. 2a16 . ni áir do neuch molad alaili, 16a24 . is coitchen do cechtar de ainm alaili `the name of each is common to both', Ml. 14d12 . intí diib bes tresa orcaid alaile, Ml. 19d6 . tar cenn alanaile gl. aliorumuice, 95d9 . Sg. 201b15 . cenmathá dobrethir ┐ alaaili `except the adverb and other (parts of speech)', 71b17 . muidit secht catha ren Osseirgé for na Déise . . . asberat araile is tricha cath others say, Ériu iii 138.102 . in foirend is craibdige araile `the folk who are more believing than the rest', PH 6363 . coná baí aithgne neich sech alaile díb, TBFr. 271 . cach gabal tra issuidiu araile hisesam `every other division is sung sitting, the next standing', Mon. Tall. 140.4 (§ 31) . gach clas ro claideadh do línadh do arbaim alaill do imbim the furrows to be filled alternately with corn and butter, Laws iv 98.14 Comm. drécht diib i nAidniu, araill diib oc Dubcechair, ZCP viii 305.30 . Hence alaile . . . alaile etc. (the) one . . . the other, another: biit alaili and rofinnatar a pecte rosíu (sic) docói grád forru alaili is iarum . . ., Wb. 29a28 . alaaili diib hi remthechtas . . . alaaili dano it coitchena eter remthechtas, Sg. 215a1 . Later araill . . . de is used of all genders: comérgit Ulaid araill díb . . . araill, LU 5017 . Cf. a dá grúad . . . co ndeirgi fola laíg ┐ araill eile co solusgili sneachta, BDD² 38 . Also when first part of phrase contains ind ala (infra).

(b) With idea of mutual action each other: con rochra cách a.¤ lit. that each may love the other (= that all may love each other), Wb. 6d1 . rosbennach cách dib elathain aroile, Fél. 4.20 . Eogan . . .┐ Oed . . . do marbad aroili, Ann. Conn. 1340.12 . ar bruinnib ┐ ochtaip aroile ┐ a chēile, Fl. Earls, 80.17 . Frequ. with prepp.: combad imned for araill domsa so that it should be trouble upon trouble for me, Wb. 23b21 . Cf. in peccath for arele, 9c19 . is ball cách dialailiu, 5d4 . ar a ndig cechtar dīb sech anaile (araile v.l.) so that they can get past each other (of two chariots), Corm. Y 1082 (96.11) . ni dernai nechtar n-ai olc fri araili, TBFr. 24.3 = fria chéile, 420 . ón tráth co roili, BDD² 1251 . lán ón orsain go ar-oile / an teach . . ., DDána 85.37 . casmhail a rún dá-roile, 92.6 . an ro loitseat Goill ┐ Geraltaig imo roile (roile) isan tansa `the injuries mutually done upon each other', AFM v 1734.15 . dīss derbrāthor dieroile `two . . . brothers', Fl. Earls 124.1 . ?asrean a ceile agh fo laill do `his neighbour shall give him another calf', Laws iv 102.14 Comm.

(c) somebody, something; a certain person or thing . In sg.: araill tra cairigedarsom there is a certain thing (?) (`there are other things now which he blames'), Wb. 25b9 . So also: [con]-secha alaill indib (`he corrects another thing in them'), 26c1 . aroile do lāmhoip S. Niclās `one of the hands', Fl. Earls 80.20 . ba ingnad liasna Fomoire alaill tarfas doib isin cath a certain thing, RC xii 92 § 122 . atpert aroile fris `a certain man', Stair Erc. 1449 . Note also: ara ara bélaib isin charput sin araile forseng fánfota forbrec a charioteer in front of him . . . and he was, LU 9274 . In pl.: is sí cétbaid alanaile `this is the opinion of some', Ml. 36a1 . circunflex la grecu for alailib diib, Sg. 208b8 . With DI: araill d'feraib Midi `some of the men of M.', RC xviii 23.31 . do deachaidh fein cona mac . . . ┐ ar oile dia mhuintir innte, Leb. Gab.(i) 242.26 . d'foraithmet araill dona neithibh remraiti, 272.6 . araill d'áes na cemenn sin, CCath. 86 .

(d) As adv. (d s n.) arailiu `otherwise', Wb. 21a13 (introducing an alternative explanation); cf. alailiu chruth gl. aliter, Ml. 98d1 . alailiu, Wb. 9a23 (see Bergin, Ériu xiv 29 ; xvii 1; Pedersen, Ériu xv 188 ). alaile, Anecd. iii 59.2 . araili .i. gne eile, Laws iv 68.3 . Perh. also in TBC-I¹ 1044 , TBC-LL¹ 1833 ff. (reading ... cadān co leith. Allaile (alailiu LU) dia tonda etc.) .

C. The form (a)la, al(l).

I As adj.

(a) other, one of two, second (in this use a `compositional prefix', GOI § 394 ): all-aidchi on another night, IT ii2 194.21 . alachéill in sin, ZCP viii 313.29 . Morc .i. ala flaith na Fomoire, Leb. Gab.(i) 80.30 . béra cend ríg alathúaithi lat, BDD² 727 . fria lesa alabrugh of other territories, O'Curry 454 ( H 3.18, 242a ). rogrād fir alathīre 'great love of a man of another land', Ériu ii 15 § 2 . ? nach for ala thire tí tarrassais 'that you did not abide upon the surface of another land', PMLA lvi 940 ( LL 37013 ). li ala lécuinn Saul `by one of S.'s cheeks', Ml. 55c1 . ala n-or di i teg, a n-aill fri sīn, Corm. Y 35 (aurso). ala thred dub alaili find, Anecd. i 57 § 58 . tēora blaī būirig . . . blaī mescae . . . alablaī dúnaid la túatha téchtai tecraiter the second exemption, ZCP xi 83.1 . cath Ocha alachath `the second battle', RC xiii 54.10 . ala-chor second contract, Laws ii 274.z . mád ala feacht iar mbrethaib forru `for the second time', 66.16 . See also under compds. and 1 al. See also under allabrig.

(b) With article ind ala one of two, (the) one (. . . the other) (see also B II (a) supra): dotóeth indala fiacail airthir a chinn `one of the two teeth', Thes. ii 248.9 . arambé indala rann cen diall `that one of the two parts be undeclined', Sg. 74b6 . ind ala c. gl. praetermisit unam c (i.e. by writing hoc for hocc), 205b5 . co lluid tré scíath n-ete indala heóin one of the two birds, LU 3282 ( SCC § 7 ). doroigu ind ala fer . . . et romiscsigestar alaile, Wb. 4c16 . is léir dorigni indala lestar is dínnimu dongní alaill, 4c32-33 . ni coir dídnad dondala lucht et troscud dond lucht ailiu, 16c20 . īadais andala (indara, LU) sūil . . . asoilg alaile, TBC-I¹ 394 . benaid . . . Mac Cecht a chend dondala fir . . . ro boí in fer aile oc élúd, LU 7942 . Loch nE. dindala leith di ┐ Slíab C. dind leith ailiu, Trip.² 1957 . Later indara: indara láim dó fri ubull bragat in chon. dobeir araile fria chúl one of his hands, LU 5012 . indara fecht . . . canait ceol . . . in fecht n-aill contúaset fri ceól muintire nime, 1978 ( FA 5 ). is hé indara fer . . . ró an . . . Donnmal int aili, Trip.² 1521 .

(c) ind ala the second (cf. tánaiste): cengsat siar dind ara chur `for the second time', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.33 . isin dara cét lá deidenach don ré `on the second last day of the term', Laws iv 136.1 Comm. Hence in compd. numerals: ala rann deac `one twelfth', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). issed indala nainmm déc the twelfth name, Thr. Ir. Gl. 25.9 = indara hainm, Corm. Y 750 . indala descipul lxx at the seventy-second disciple, Laws i 20.2 Comm. fir errainne co alasét sesed with sixty-two `séts' ZCP xii 361.21 . ?torad cach trethain ala cairrge, Laws v 484.2 (Comm. takes as all beyond). Cf. co treathan ala cairge no ala caire, O'Curry 20 ( H 3.18, 9a ).

(d) cach (a)la every other, every second: cach la céin . . . in céin naili sometimes . . . sometimes, Ml. 19b1, 3 . cachlacein `alternately', Mon. Tall. 146.29 (§ 52) . is i fescur cachlacēin / dlegar dīdnad dōib they are entitled to a meal on alternate days at vesper-time (of fasting regulations), ZCP xiii 29.14 . cach la sel dún for imrádud dé in sel aile for precept `at one time meditating on God, at another time preaching', Wb. 15d9 . ammarbad cach la sel iarum do a mbeogud indtale dia marbad `he continues alternately to mortify and revive them from their dying state', Mon. Tall. 147.16 (§ 52) . bó cona timthuch cech la blíadnai . . . colp[d]ach ḟirenn lee in mblíadnai n-aili every second year, Críth G. 266 . cach alablīa[dain] every second year, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.16 ). cach ara bliadain, Laws iv 140.29 Comm. druinech cechla bean / crecōir cechla fer, ZCP ix 170.17 . ate cuir treineacha la Feine cach la fear dia urgaire, alaili dia forngaire, Laws iv 54.13 . gach re n-am alternately, Dán Dé v 41 .

II n As subst. indala n-aí (invariable) one of the two: is dochu ind ala nái oldaas a n-aill, Wb. 4b24 . togu ind ala n-ái . . . damnad alaili `to choose one of the twain . . . to condem the other', 4c13 . ci atbela ind ala n-ái ni epil alaill, Sg. 30a3 . ind ala n-aí antúaid alaile andess, 67b22 . co n-accai in da mnaí . . . indala n-ai brat úaine impe alaili brat corcra, LU 3285 ( SCC § 8 ). elcuig indalanae, ruibidh alailiu, ZCP viii 105.11 . da fítt . . . inddala hí do tabirt do Día . . . araile do tomailt fadein, Mon. Tall. 161.10 (§ 80) . Later also ala (n-)aí: ar lēicse ala aí di arailiu, ZCP xv 316 § 10 . ni frith ala ai do thacru, 354 § 42 . dá [n]dorus [n]-and—comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu, Críth G. 101 . bōthar, talla dā boin fair .i. alanāi for fot alaile for tarsnae, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.17 ).

COMPDS. cosnamach fri hailecricha, Ériu viii 173.28 . i n-ailithír, Trip.² 2033 . asna hailithírib foreign countries, TTr.² 1747 (cf. ailithir). aile máthair, Sg. 152a2 (not treated as compd. by GOI § 394 . Perh. infl. by the Lat. altera mater). See also C I (a) above.

bocaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bocaid or dil.ie/6226
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: bocad, bogtha

v (1 boc)

I

(a) softens, makes soft: topur ro flíuchadh ┐ ro bocadh uili dreach ín talman moistened and softened, BB 16a12 . gur boccadh an magh mor sin fo chosaib Chéin, Hy Maine 12.11 . cutem mollit . . . .i. . . . bogaidh . . . an croiceann, 23 K 42 , 69.20 . gab picc ┐ bocc itir do meruibh hi re cois teinidh, Rosa Angl. 118.3 . in tan gabtar in fín a cainndiacht ro moir . . . bogaidh na feithi, O'Gr. Cat. 215.13. Phon. devoices : B[h]atraig. Uath bogas in beithi fil and, ar ni bi p isin Gaedilc `it is (Ogam) h that softens the b ', Auraic. 1271. bogaidh sí (sc. the letter s) .b. ┐ .d. ┐ .g. ┐ .dh. ┐ .th. roimpe, ┐ crúadhuighidh .dh. ┐ .th. na díaigh , IGT Introd. § 30.2 .

(b) moves ; shakes (trans.): dobhog ┐ domhílaithridh an taitheach é féin dochum na deabhtha sin `moved', Ériu v 182.9 . bocais in carpat imme he hurled the chariot about, TBC-LL¹ 1127. ? inti nad airoemath flaith Temrach, conocbath in carpat fris conachm[b]oceth so that he could not move it, Ériu vi 134.7 (see Mod. Lang. Notes 1943, 33 ). ra-boc ┐ ra-bertaig hí `waved and brandished it' (a spear), CRR 51. bocgais ┐ bertnaigis . . . na harmu, TBC-LL¹ 1083. boccaid immacūairt hí `twirls it about' (a crozier), BColm. 52. 13 . nara mill damsa an mill si ma bogthar hi gan ced mill ar a mbí ulcha ga mboccadh le `may this cheek be not mine own if it move' (?) (of a chief who desires more company at dinner), L. Chl. S. 32. Med. boctur an medon le neithibh bogtacha `move the bowels', Rosa Angl. 60.17 .

With refl. inf. pron. boasts : nípad ro[mór] notboctha `thou shouldst not boast overmuch', Wb. 5b32 . Plummer MS. notes suggests infl. of Lat. se iactare, but cf. constr. with moídid (maeth), moídid (a) ff., maeth.

II moves ; shakes (intrans.): (rhet.) boccit cuillte woods toss (?), LU 5486 (TBC) = b.¤ culter, TBC-I¹ 1007. ro bog ┐ ro bertnaigh coro mebatar uamanna na ccoilcech, TBC St. 107 . ro boccsat na turida ┐ na colbada . . . oc timna ceilebarta doib, BB 443a42 . bog liom-sa ! a chailín dheas `fly with me', Hard. i 216.6 .

Vn. bocad. Part. gan bheithe bogtha ( = p ?) do rádha, IGT Introd. § 1.8 .

crúadaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crúadaigid or dil.ie/13181
Last Revised: 2019

v g (crúaid) hardens, stiffens . Trans.: cruadaigis in cath i n-agid Hectoir, LL 32288 ( TTr. 1476 ). ro cruadaigit craidida, Acall. 6493 . crúaidighidhsi céim dá n-ionnsoighidh hastes, TFrag. 180.12 . na féithe cruadi[g]ter ó leadrad, O'Gr. Cat. 269.5 . cu cruadaigter `until it is kiln-dried' (of malt), Laws ii 242.1 - 3 Comm. Gramm. cruadhuighidh [s] .dh. ┐ th. na díaigh prob. produces a voiced plosive (see crúadugud, crúaid), IGT Introd. § 30 .

Intrans.: ro cruadhaigh . . . a corp grew stiff, CCath. 2202 . ro cruadhaigh ┐ ro thécht in talam fúthu, 2324 . nó co cruadhaigheann a ngné cnámha, O'Gr. Cat. 230.5 . an tan chruadhuigheas an duine . . . sna dubháilcibh, TSh. 1914 . do cruaidheastair conách ar a g-céadfadhaibh `had hardened their senses', ML 74.4 .

Vn. crúadugud.

1 dé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dé or dil.ie/14794
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dé, diad, déithe, diaid, diaig, dé, dé, déith, diaid, díaig, died, diaid, dé, diadh, déithe

n t, f. Smoke, haze , &c. n s. dé, from the Glosses (dæ, Ml. 57 a 10 ) up to the present day. Rhyming with clé BB 31 b 8 ; with gné, LL 199 b 47 . Seldom diad, modelled on the ā-stems, BB 450 b 12 , EIS 140 § 22 . g s. diad, Ml. 40 c 1 . TBC-LL¹ 187 . CCath. 1502 . Hy Maine 57 a 2 . AFM vi 1962. 12 ; 2198. 3 . TSh. 187. 23 ; mod. id. and déithe (Kerry).—The derivative dethach points to disyllabic diäd. Unfortunately I have no instance from old poetry. a s. diaid, Expuls. 187 . RC ii 396. 1 f.b. LL 110 a 12 . BB 365 b 17 . PH 2407. 7109 . MacCongl. 63. 6 . O'Dav. 632 . 1586 . diaig TBC-LL¹ 5508 . Superseded by the nom. form dé, AFM vi 2116. 8 f.b. ; mod. dé and déith (sic W. Kerry). d s. diaid, LL 124 a 41 . díaig, PH 2505 . died, RC iii 344. 12 = diaid.

I Smoke, fume , as opposed to lasar `flame' and 1 teine `fire.' It renders Lat. fumus. diaidh .i. múch smoke, vapour P. O'C.

(a) uice fumi omnis eorum elatio euanescit, gl. amal arindchrin dæ ┐ asindbail as smoke perishes and dies Ml. 57 a 10 . rothin (sc. in diabul) fochétóir amal diaid, RC ii 396. 1 f.b. Todd Lect. v 97. 11 . attáit tenti ┐ fóidit diaid in teined sair co hOsseirge, Expuls. 187 . atáid tenid cáin...cen diaid cen chiaig cen crithir, MacCongl. 63. 6 ; 117. 21 . dath na diad, Hy Maine 57 a 2 . amal téid de do deightheinidh, Lib. Flav. 33 b 2. 14 . is cumair in pian aimserda ar is fri diaid thened is casmail, PH 2407 . teine diad a smoky fire : teanndáil nó t. dhiadh, TSh. 187. 23 . the smoke from an encampment: ragabsatar dúnad ┐ longphort inn aidchi sin cor ba dlúim diad ┐ tened (a standing phrase) etir chethri áthaib Ái, TBC-LL¹ 187 . the smoke from a volcano: co maiged (i.e. maided) a duibdiad ┐ a lasra a huamaib ┐ a hairchelaib in tṡlébi sin (i.e. Etna) BB 450 b 12 . the smoke from a devastated country or city: dar leo is tre smúitcheo diad ┐ tre corrthair lasrach nolaefedh in cathraigh uile, CCath. 1502 . dé is dethach smoke and vapour : robad smúittcheo diadh ┐ dethaighe in tír uile dia néis, AFM vi 2198. 3 . an dlúiṁcheo diadh ┐ dethaighe roleth óna forloisccthib, ib. vi 1962. 13 . ib. 2116. 8 f.b. dochuireadar an baile uile tre smúr dhiadh ┐ deataigh, Caithr. 52. 15 .

(b) a smoking fire = teine diad: a thócbáil ┐ a chosa suas...┐ de mór fói, PH 1238 .

(c) the smoke of a fired gun: roleiccsiot dé ┐ detach a ndubhpúdair foa súilib, AFM vi 2116. 8 f.b.

(d) odorous smoke as that of incense : túis...athascnaid a de side iarna hadandad i núaislib nime, PH 7020 . amail diaid thúsi, ib. 7109 .

(e) smoke, fume as the symbol of Satan and the demons : dochonnaic sí in satan...a dhe ┐ a lasair asa chraes ┐ asa ṡróin, Lism. L. 1409 . Todd Lect. v 74. 13 . a dé ┐ a lassar asa chraess ┐ asa ṡrónaib sechtair, Three Hom. 72. 30 . dochóid ass in draicc ┐ tórruma demun impe coro lín in tempul dia díaig ┐ dia bréntur, PH 2505 .

(f) smoke or fume, arising from the anger of the righteous: in dé iarum tánic dítsu ar thimdergad foloi side i nardda coro scáil na demna LL 273 b 48 , ZCP x 378 .

II Esp. the smoke from the hearth or house-fire (tellach); hence sometimes, like teine and tellach, as a symbol of the house or the home. hi tellach thírmaide...nárotlosci a lassar nárotbena a dé, MacCongl. 95. 27 . dé do thig, LB 156 a 57 . nocho bia i nÉirinn...teag ná treb ná ten ná de (: clé) BB 31 b 8 . co facca a dún fornocht cen diaidh cen teach cen tenid, ib. 365 b 17 . biaidh gan diaigh Eaṁuin Uladh, 3 C 13, 659. 9 .—According to old beliefs the smoke of the hearth betrays the secrets of the house and the fate of its inhabitants, cf. adgníed din died ( diaid, LL 124 a 11 ) notheche din tich a llín nombíd co nngalur ann (┐ cech galar nobíd and, add. LL), RC iii 344. 12 . asé sin dobeir aithne ar galar in duine tre diaig in tigi i mbí dḟaicsin TBC-LL¹ 5508 .

III Vapour or steam, arising from heat: coire airgdidi do ná tic dé ná deathach, FDG 507 . de en foulachtae the vapour of the concoction RC xii 100. 10 .

IV Haze, misty appearance, watery vapour : siadair denn do cach dinn: dé do loch linn lán haze from the lake of full waters Four Songs 10. 8 = RC v 202. 1 .

V Like Lat. anima breath, the breath as the principle of life, soul : dend .i. de ut est denn a nanma .i. dé a[n]ma i ndáinib hí .i. in anál. nó amail diaidh do theinid, O'Dav. 632 . dé den anam a little breath of life P. O'C. In this sense still common in the spoken language: tá an déith as he is dead, efflata est anima, opp. tá an déith ann he is still alive (W. Kerry, Conn.). cuireadh go dí deireadh na déithe é ach dochas sé airist, or dochuaidh sé go dí d. na d. he was on the point of death but recovered (W. Kerry, Conn.).

VI PROV. proprium fumi est ut ignem nuntiat secuturum, gl. is gnáth lassar hi tiarmoracht diad flame is customary after smoke Ml. 40 c 1 . is dorn im diaid tor mbriathar a multitude of words is a fist round smoke O'Dav. 1586 (Stokes' translation gives no sense); cf. as dorn im dhiaidh, BS 54. 27 .

VII COMP. mí-dé: is míde tucad dún tair. dorat mígne dár menmain, LL 199 b 47 .

MOD. dé, g s. diadh, déithe, v. V, VI. Obs. in Sc. P. O'C. also gives the sense ` grief, sorrow, sadness .'—Cf. dethach.

dead

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dead or dil.ie/14812
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: deud, dead, deoid, diaid, diud, deoaid, diud, dead, diaid, diaid, diaid, dead, dead, deád, deod, deogh, diad, deid, dead, i ndead, dé, déid, deoidh, -deóidh, -deóigh, diad, díad, ndiad, ndiag, diat, diaid, díaid, diáid, diaig, diaigh, diud, díud, diúdh, diuid, diuidh, diúidh, deud, déud, diaid, deugh, deod, deód, deódh, deodh, déod, deog, deut, déu, deo, dé, deid, déidh, -déidh, -déigh, deoid, déoid, deóid, deóid, deoaid, deoig, diud, díud, diú, diae, dead-, deod-, déod-, deog-, ded-, Dead, diad., Dead, dofeid

n o, n. and ā, f. Neuter gender proved by Sg. 162 a 7 : ní cumscichther dead nindib, and Ériu iii 100 § 22 : diad naidche (Rule of Ailbe). In the 9th century still disyllabic, in the latter half of the 10th century monosyllabic. In early Mid.-Ir. poetry occasionally disyllabic to meet the requirements of the metre.—The ā-inflexion dates back to the Wb. glosses (13 d 9 ; cf. Sg. 212 a 13 ). fo hírdiuid (: triuin), SR 3984 .

DISYLLABIC: deud, Fél. Prol. 220 . dead, LL 135 a 24 (poem ascribed to Mael Muire Othna †887). deoid, Reicne Fothaid Chanainne (late 9th century), Fianaig. 16. 18 . diaid, Thes. ii 340. 3 (Broccán's Hymn). dead, SR 2829 . diud, ib. 3087 . Rawl. 46 a . deoaid, Gorm. Feb. 24 (Mid.-Ir.). diaid, FB § 71 (ambiguous).

MONOSYLLABIC: diud, SR 1568 . dead, LU 51 b 41 (poem ascribed to Cinaed Ua Hartacáin †975). diad (v.l. ded), Rule of Ailbe (10th century), Ériu iii 100 § 22 . diaid ZCP iii 22. 31 (poem from A.D. 982, ascribed to MacCosse). diaid, LL 143 a 41 (poem ascribed to Gilla in Chomded, 12th century). diaid, LL 144 a 48 (poem ascribed to Gilla in Choimded Ua Cormaic, 12th century). Cf. further diaid, Acall. 2508. 3369 . ZCP v 24 § 11 , viii 114. 11 . déidh ZCP iv 237. 16 . dead, ib. iii 19. 36 , all poems in Mid.-Ir. language.

RHYMES: deäd: gleäd, SR 2829 . deäd: gleëd, LL 135 a 24 . diüd: triür, Rawl. 46 a . diüd: biüd, SR 3087 ; but monosyllabic diud: biud, SR 1568 . deöig: gleöad (gleoaid, leg.), Anecd. i 47 st 1 (YBL). Monosyll. diaid: gliaid, LL 144 a 48 . ZCP vi 269 . st 11 . diaid: riad SR 595 . : criaid, ZCP vi 266 § 11 = 3 C 13, 558. 7 . deoid: ceol, LL 146 a 26 . deóid: eóil, Cog. 54. 18 ; 3 C 13, 558. 1 . deóigh: aieóir, ib. 591. 6 . deoidh: móir, Ech. Am. Móir 578 . déidh: éill, ib. 112 .

INFLEXION (for mod. forms cf. also II a, d, e below): n s. (a) dead, Sg. 162 a 7 . LL 135 a 24 . ZCP iii 19. 36 . deád LU 51 b 41 . deod, Lec. Gl. 432 . deogh, C I 2, fo. 30 b . (b) diad, Ériu iii 100 § 22 . —g s. deid, BB 330 a 41 . —a s. (a) dead, SR 2829 . LL 245 b 24 . TBC-LL¹ 1225 Y. i ndead, Wb. 11 a 17 . AU A.D. 772 . Sg. 1 a 5 . 11 b 4 . 18 b 2 . 77 a 9 . dé, O'Curry Trs. déid: deig, FDG 376 . déid, ZCP iv 237. 16 and common in mod. poetry. deod: deog, Ériu ii 174. 12 ; co deo[d] = mod. go deo. deoid, Fianaig. 16. 18 . deoidh, Ech. Am. Móir 578 . Mod. -deóidh, -deóigh. (b) diad, Ml. 23 c 16 . 119 a 4 . Laws iv 366. 1 . díad, Mon. Tall. 139 . 20 . i ndiad , Ml. 17 c 6 . 20 b 4 . 22 a 8 . 35 b 23 . 35 d 11 . 40 c 2 . 42 b 5 . 45 b 3 - 4 , 9 . 48 b 9 . 50 c 5 . 53 c 14 . 63 a 7 . 65 a 12 . 65 b 5 . 75 c 8 . 89 a 8 . 103 b 11 . 91 d 7 . 100 c 2 . 111 c 9 . 127 a 12a . Tur. 131 . Mon. Tall. 131. 15 . i ndiag , Laws i 22. 26 . diat (before s): inna d. sen, Anecd. iii 50. 1 v.l.— diaid, Thes. ii 340. 3 . LL 143 a 41 . 144 a 48 . LB 231 a 3 . FB §§ 65 , 70 , 71 . TBC-LL¹ 695 . 893 . 1000 . 1030 . Laws i 152. 1 f.b. ; v 480. 23 . RC xxiv 180. 20 ; xxix 220 . ZCP iii 22. 31 . Acall. 2175 . 2508 . 2567 . 3369 . 3407 . 3866 . 4069 . 4533 . 4610 . 5397 . 6044 . Cog. 154. 10 . MacCarthy 126. 0 . CCath. 69. 3401 . Fianaig. 54. 5 . PH pass. díaid, Ériu i 120 § 13 . BB 415 b 21 . diáid, FB § 70 . SCC § 20 , § 46 . FA § 31 . TBC-LL¹ 923 . LL 242 a 40 . diaig, Laws i 22. 13 sq. ZCP i 372. 24 ; v 24 § 11 ; viii 114. 11 . RC v 200 § 14 . diaigh , RC xviii 292. 15 . TBC-LL¹ 686 v.l. &c. diud: díud, Trip. 124. 18 . diúdh, AFM v 2036. 12 . diuid: diuidh, ib. 1926. 5 f.b. diúidh, i 290. 5 f.b.d s. (a) deud, Wb. 3 b 28 . 13 b 3 . Thes. ii 44. 10 . Sg. 9 b 21 . 93 b 8 . Mon. Tall. 138. 14 . LL 249 b 27 . déud, Fél. Prol. 220 (v.l. diaid). deugh, RC xiv 453. 2 f.b. deod: deód, FB § 83 , § 90 , 91 . IT i 257. 2 . LU 112 b 4 . LL 126 a 1 . deódh, AFM v 1748. 9 . deodh, ib. vi 1428. 2 . déod, Corm. 34. 6 f.b. deog, RC xii 64. 22 ; xiii 28. 19 . deut, Thes. ii 44. 10 . déu, Mon. Tall. 129. 5 . deo, LL 220 b 31 . Laws v 196. 13 . TTr. 26 . dé, TBC-LL¹ 1488 Y. deid, Wb. 13 d 9 . Sg. 212 a 13 . déidh, Ech. Am. Móir 112 . -déidh, -déigh, mod. poetry. deoid: CCC § 5 Eg. Mon. Tall. 140. 29 . Laws i 26. 10 ; ii 134. 15 ; iii 130. 22 . LL 146 a 26 . IT i 100. 19 . ZCP iii 36. 1 . RC xxiv 174. 10 ; 200. 18 . MacCarthy 68 . 12 . PH pass. déoid, TBC-LL¹ 1897 . deóid (sic), Cog. 54. 18 . deóid, ScM. § 12 . FA § 3 , § 22 . Ériu iii 137. 48 . PH pass. deoaid, Gorm. Febr. 24 (disyllabic). deoig Mon. Tall. 135. 18 , 153. 22 . Laws v 172. 2 f.b. Anecd. i 47 st 1 (YBL). deoigh, ZCP vi 78. 24 . Laws ii 40. 7 f.b. Cog. 40. 16 &c. (b) diud, Ml. 29 a 8 . 40 a 15 . BCr. 18 d 1 . Thes. ii 44. 15 . SR 3087 (: biüd), 1568 (monosyll.). Rawl. 46 a (: triür). Trip. 72. 3 . RC xxiv 147. 12 . díud, Trip. 124. 18 . diú, Mon. Tall. 138. 29 . diae, Laws v 368. 11 .—COMPS. dead- RC xxv 28. 3 . deod-, déod-, MacCarthy 280. 5 . AFM iv 778. 4 . deog-, MacCarthy 302. 19 . ded-, v. dedól.

Dead as an independent word was becoming obsolete at the beginning of the Mid.-Ir. period, and words like deired, cenn, and forcenn took its place. It was preserved, however, in prepositional phrases; but the o-inflexion gave way to the ā-inflexion, which latter seems as old as the Wb glosses (see above). The acc. sg. remained intact in the phrase co deod = mod. go deo. The change from the o- to the a- inflexion was facilitated by the parallel phrase i ndigaid (i ndegaid) which in Mid.-Ir., apart from the slender -d, was bound to fall together with diad. Mid.-Ir. i ndiaid, then, seems a contamination of Oir. i ndiad and i ndígaid; both render Lat. proinde ( .i. i ndígaid sin, Ml. 71 b 11 ; .i. i ndiad sin, Ml. 65 a 12 , 75 c 8 ; .i. inna diad, ib. 63 a 7 ); corresponding to Sg. 77 a 9 : mac i ndead a athar, Wb. 30 b 14 has: maic i ndegaid a nathre. Mid.-Ir. has i ndegaid (i ndegaid a athar, MacCarthy 282 , 11 f.b. ) and i ndiaid; but there is no trace of a Mid.-Ir. i ndígaid. In a phrase like the following: táinic in rechtaire i ndíaid in áil the steward came to get the fork RC xxix 220. 7 , díaid should be traced to Oir. dígaid rather than to diad.

ORIGIN: Dead, i.e. †de-vedo-, is a cpd. of prep. de, as the interchange dead: diad (cf. degaid: dígaid) shows, and an old vn. of †de-ved leads off or out, the opposite of †to-ved leads on, Oir. dofeid. For †de-fed cf. do-díat (i.e. †dí-ved-s-t) translating Lat. inducat Ml. 35 c 30 (dum-dísed diducet ib. 78 b 18 , dan-diat deducit eum Sg. 77 a 4 ), and interchanging with de-, as in dead: dusn-deraid (†de-ro-fáid) transl. eduxit, Ml. 99 b 13 . Cf. dered `end,' orig. vn. of †de-reth-. Thus tuus and dead spring from one and the same root. To fedid as the root of dead also point the adjectives didenach, dedenach, probably derivatives from a vn. †diden (cf. air-diden, tu-diden), cf. fedan, deidine.—Stokes' derivation, Sprachschatz 144 , is wrong.

I End, conclusion, utmost limit , as the opposite to tuus or tossach, usually referring to time or serial order. deod .i. deired, Lec. Gl. 432 . deogh .i. deradh, C I 2, fo. 30 b . ó thossach co déidh, ZCP iv 237. 16 . ó thossuch co dead, LL 245 b 24 . ó thús co deig, FDG 376 . diud at the end of: diud noichtich, BCr. 18 d 1 .

(a) dead aidche the end of the night: dofil deoidh na haidchi, Fianaig. 16. 18 . iarméirge cert la sruithi diad naidchi tossach laithi, Ériu iii 100 § 22 . d s. deud aidche at the end of the night: laithe nand atraig deud aidche (v.l. diud a., RC xxiv 147. 12 ) LL 249 b 27 .

(b) dead lái the end of the day, the evening : ria ndeód lái, FB § 90 . ré ndeo lái, LL 220 b 31 . TTr. 261. 321 (ndéo). a mbátar and co deód lái co tráth na faire, FB § 83 . rorádi a ara friss imm díud lái, Trip. 124. 18 . d s. deud lái at the end of the day, at eventide : tic Find don ḟuarboith déod lái, Corm. 34. 6 f.b. tapair na trí scitle si deog læi do Chridenbél, RC xii 64. 22 . amal robátar and tráth nóna deód lái, FB § 91 . LU 112 b 4 . trath nóna deog lái, RC xiii 28. 19 . taisbenad inna flede deód lái, FB § 91 . LL 126 a 1 . deugh lói, RC xiv 453. 2 f.b. arcesi scís a láma diud lái, Trip. 72. 3 . ind sailm aurnaigi déu lái the evening psalms of prayer Mon. Tall. 129. 5 . ic crosfigil diú laoi, ib. 138. 29 . Also in the FM in archaizing language: lodar ó Áth Seanaigh deodhlaoí, v 1428. 2 . doluidh deódhlaoí láiṁ re Sionainn, ib. 1748. 9 .—For diae, Laws v 368. 11 : diae inn laei aircendai at the end of the appointed day, read diud.

(c) dead bliadnae the end of a year, d.¤ fogmair the end of the autumn. Arch. in FM: co diúidh teora mbliadhan, AFM i 290. 5 f.b. go diuidh mbliadhna, vi 1926. 5 f.b. ní roionnsaigh cechtar nae díobh aroile go diúdh foghṁair, ib. 2036. 12 .

(d) dead in domain the end of the world: co tici dead in domuin, ZCP iii 19. 36 . rosuigidead na cána so ó thosach domain co diaig to the end (`go deo'), Laws v 480. 23 . indiu déud domain (v.l. diaid), Fél. Prol. 220 .

(e) the end of life: Issac fri dead náissi: glead gníma glangáisse, SR 2829 .

(f) the end of a numeral series: ocht ṁbliadna déc... acht fil co diaid in míle, ZCP iii 22 st 36 .

(g) the conclusion of a book, a psalm, a chapter , &c.: hua sunt conrici diad in tsailm from here to the end of the psalm Ml. 119 a 4 . hi tosuch in tsailm...┐ ised dano tadbat inna diud, ib. 40 a 15 . ó `dixi custodiam' co díad (sc. of the psalm) Mon. Tall. 139. 20 . corrici diat[h], ib. 139. 25 . crónic ...inti medon ┐ tossach ┐ dead, LL 135 a 24 .

(h) grammatically: Auslaut, the end of a word, as opposed to tossach `Anlaut'; transl. Lat. finis: in principio mouentur .i. ní cumscichther dead nindib, Sg. 162 a 7 .

(i) FIG. ní thoracht Cormac déad na fírinni rodfír, LU 51 b 41 .

(k) IDIOM. ó thús diaid from the beginning to the end: adfiadat a scéla ó tús díaíd dó, BB 415 b 21 . ó thúis deireadh is still usual (W.K.).

II PREP. PHRASES.

A Prep. governing the accusative.

(a) co dead frequent in the phrase ó thús co d.¤ , v. above I, c, d, f, g; esp. co deod (originally the d s.), mod. go deo (in all districts), like choidhche, go héag, go bráth of future time, to the end, always : beidh sé gan ṁaith go deo he will be no good any more. sin é an buachaill gan eagla go deo (W.K.). faire go deó rú!, Midnight court 418 . Most frequently with a negative = never: ní thiocfaidh sé taobh liom go deo airíst; ní ḟéadfainn é go deo; ní bheidh sé agut go deo (W.K.). For Aran cf. Finck ii 86 .—co dé .i. co bráth, O'Curry Trs.

(b) fri dead, v. I e.

(c) fo diad last, after verba movendi: in ordine secunda ponuntur .i. inna hí batar buthi ar thuus dusrale fo diad, Ml. 23 c 16 .

(d) i ndead, i ndiad; Mid.-Ir. i ndiaid (rarely i ndeod, Ériu ii 174. 12 ). Eclipsis abandoned in Mid.-Ir. Cf. Acall. 2567 . YBL 179 b 3 . FB § 71 . In Mod.-Ir. a great variety of forms: i ndiaidh in all districts except the north (where as in Scotland déidh is used). In Kerry the following forms are heard: i ndiaig (-g from -idh), i ndeoig; i ndia, i ndeo' (i ndeodhadh), esp. before the particle san: na dhia san, but na dhiaig sin; i ndéig (na dhéig sin), na dhé' san. Very frequent is na dheabhaig sin (na dheabha san) thereafter, perhaps a contamination of i ndeoig and i ndeaghaig (still in use). Don. déidh is by Quiggin Dial. Don. § 162 traced to Oir. dead, degaid.

(α) of serial order, after, following after. Often synonymous or interchanging with i ndegaid. Corresponding to Lat. sequens, consequens: sequenti uocali .i. i ndead in deoguir bís sin chétna sillaib, Sg. 18 b 2 . de spiritali consequenti eos petra .i. a nail inna ndead, Wb. 11 a 17 . turbae quae sequebantur: na buidne robátar ina dhiaid, PH 4625 . 4575 ( ib. 4383 i ndegaid in the same phrase). Opposed to Lat. praecedens and pronominal cpds. with ré n-: praecedenti, gl. buithe inna diad, Ml. 35 b 23 . dá charpat rempe díb ┐ dá charpat na diaid following her (sc. Medb) TBC-LL¹ 695 ; same phrase Acall. 3866 . —is i ndiadet dixisti' dutiagat `come after Ml. 111 c 9 . bó i ndiaid (v.l. i ndíad) ind lóig, Thes. ii 340. 3 . beith i ndiaid to follow Laws i 152. 1 f.b. —MOD. ní hé sin tá uaim ach an ceann na dhiaig sin airíst the one immediately following (of a chapter in a book).

(β) after, in succession to; often translating Lat. successio, post. Type: macc i ndead a athar, Sg. 77 a 9 . Synon. i ndegaid. cen macc i ndeog a athar for Érinn co bráth, Ériu ii 174. 12 (v.l. a ndiaid, Rawl.); but: maic i ndegaid a nathre, Wb. 30 b 14 . in baile seo do fognum dó ┐ dá muintir ina diaid, Acall. 5397 . Iugaine a ndiaid Eirimoin, ib. 2567 . 2508 . Acall. 4969 . Cf. Laws i 22. 13 sq. , 26 . successionem generis .i. inna diad, Ml. 127 a 12a .— is airi asindet som donaib huaislib i ndiad inna nísel, Ml. 40 c 20 . léic foraindi ┐ forár maccu inár ṅdiaid a fuil ┐ a dígal PH 2947 . atruacht Gamut a ndiaig I., ZCP viii 114. 11 .— Often opposed to remi: coná bói remut nách hi[d] diaid ríg bas eolchu indái, PH 3968 . 3970 . roiṁe ┐ i ndiaidh bídh, Donlevy 392. 6 ; 120. 3 ; iv 21 ; i nd. a bháis, ib. 27. 19 — ardor solis...deirmess mór inna dead following on it AU A.D. 772 . post illos, gl. i ndead inna ní sin, Sg. 1 a 5 .

cách i nd. alaili one after the other (= diaid i ndiaid, μ): continua successione .i. cách díb i ndiad alaili, Ml. 42 b 5 . 72 b 27 . nosdíbairg na trí coecta snáthat cách i ndiaid araili díb, FB 65 . d. araili id.: berid secht cluichi diaig aroili RC v 200 § 14 . —Cf. mod. cách i ndiaidh a chéile.

(γ) with 3 sg. poss. pron. and the demonstr. particle sin = thereafter, thereupon ; often synonymous with iarum, iarsin, annsin. i ndiad sin, transl. proinde, Ml. 65 a 12 . 75 c 8 (synon. i ndigaid sin, gl. proinde, Ml. 71 b 11 ); transl. etiam, Ml. 20 b 7 (wrongly corrected by the editors to inna d. s.).—Cf. the mod. Sc. an déigh sin, an déigh so afterwards. inna diad, transl. proinde, Ml. 63 a 7 . Mid.-Ir. na diaid, na d.¤ sin. inda diaid, Mon. Tall. 131. 12 . inda diad sin, ib. 131. 15 . atchúala ina diáid guth ind aingil, FA § 31 . doberthea a chlann co Brian ina diaid afterwards RC xxiv 180. 20 . roeirgedar maccáim re hescradaib...┐ rodíanscáilit lind do chách ina diaid sin, Acall. 4610 . ina diaid thereupon PH 857 . 1144 . 2890 . Donlevy vii 26 ; xviii 10 ; 270. 7 . go haithghearr na dhiaidh shortly after ib. 456. 21 . trí míosa na dhiáigh sin three months after Bedel Gen. xxxviii 24 . mór chian na dhiaigh sin, OCL 20. 1 .—Very frequent in mod. lang.: tamall na dhiaigh sin shortly after.

(δ) i ndead, inna dead, idiomatically as a term of reference = below, further on, referring to something more explicitly defined in what follows. i ndead: duo possuit necessaria, gl. asbeir i ndiad which he mentions further on Ml. 50 c 5 . ib. 45 b 9 . duplicis salutis auctor Ezechiae fuit Deus .i. a nasbeir i ndiad as he says below ib. 48 b 9 . Here also Ml. 35 d 11 : iste inquam &c. .i. i ndiad, and 103 b 11 : nihil inquam &c. , gl. i ndiad, where indiad by Sarauw, ZCP iv 86 , and Stokes, Thes. i 717 a , is wrongly explained as a verbal form translating Lat. inquam; in both instances the glossator omitted the usual `asbeir,' as it might be understood from the Lat. inquam to which he added his gloss. inna dead; as the parallel phrases im d.¤ , inár nd.¤ show, inna contains the 3 sg. m. (f.): issed són desimrechtaigedar som namma inna dead it is this which he exemplifies below Sg. 11 b 4 . imchomarc insin huile ┐ ishǽ a thuassulcud in comthod talmaidech asber inna diad .i. prohibe &c. , Ml. 53 c 14 . ib. 22 a 8 . 65 b 5 . 89 a 8 . 100 c 2 . inna ndiad immediately after Ml. 91 d 7 , where the plural refers to `dispensationes.' With following sís: issí in míimbert asbeir inna diad sís, Ml. 17 c 6 . ib. 45 b 3 .—neut. do réir mar cuirthear síos é na dhiaidh so (i.e. in the following chapter), Donlevy 392. 7 . it dead, orig. after you (viz. the reader), i.e. below: conad impi sein tarla etarru ar marbad Hectair itiáid, LL 272 a 40 . TTr. 1900 . More usually the 1 sg. or pl. is employed: im dead, inár ndead: amal atá inár ndiaidh, MacCarthy 126 o . IT iii 69 § 17 . mar indeósus in scél inár ndiaidh as the story will tell afterwards CCath. 69 . —Cf. also Donlevy xxi 1 f.b. : an teagasc Crísduighe si nár ndiaidh. —The phrase is still in use.—Synon. inár ndegaid, diár néis ( Sg. 195 a 2 ).

(ε) after verba movendi, after , denoting the aim or object of many verbs, syn. i ndegaid, i nindsaigid. dol (techt, &c.) i nd. to follow: luid in mac bec na ndíaid dia nimdibe, TBC-LL¹ 923 . dolotar i nd. Atharni, YBL 179 b 3 . tibra itá i Loch Con...téit na diaig intan tráiges, ZCP v 24 § 11 . ragaid Líban it diáid, SCC § 20 . tángadur cách ina diaid, Acall. 2175 . marcsluaigh...ag dul nár ndiaigh OCL 25. 12 . an tí rénar toil teacht im dhiaidh se diúltadh é féin, TSh. 222. 25 . to approach : ag dol i nd. deiridh decaying , a common phrase = ag d. chum deiridh, W.K. follow with intent to overtake, pursue : go dtigidh tóir id dhéidh, Ech. Am. 112 . ac teacht le fíochniṁ ina ndeoidh, ib. 578 . rith i nd. to run after: nobered rith báise na ndiaid, TBC-LL¹ 893 . ceangailte do neithib saoghalta ┐ ag rioth na ndiaidh, Donlevy x 2 . gabáil i nd. to pursue : gabmáidne uile a ndiaid ind óclaig, Acall. 6044 . dorónsat airbirt tenn a ndiaid a comalta, ib. 3407 . rolebling léim ina diaid sum, FB 70 . cur i nd. to send against (or to): rocuired D. ndiaid (= i nd.) na muinter día narcain, Cog. 154. 10 . docuiredh teachta uatha ina dhiaidh, OCT 54.21 . ag drud na ndéoigh approaching them 3 C 13, 591. 6 . to throw after: docer a samthig inna diad, Tur. 131 . focerd ceirtle ana ndiaidh, RC x 68. 7 . to call, shout after: doriugart Georgi a ndiaid na míled, PH 1335 . Cf. Sc. chuir misi nan déidh mo ghlaodh, Macd. 325 b .

(ζ) buith i nd.¤ (a) with a personal subject: to be after, i.e. to seek, to look for, try to get, pursue. bái sium a ndiaidh a athardha he persevered in his endeavours to recover his patrimony AFM vi 2094. 5 . in lucht marbta ro bai ina n-diaidh-siumh, CCath. 5763 . 5768 . dḟosgail sé é is thóig sé leis an rud a raibh sé na dhiaidh which he was looking for Súil Uí Dhubhda 4. 19 . is mian leis bheith a ndiagh a thoile, Ériu v 128 § 27 . Cf. táinic...a ndiaidh an áil to get the fork RC xxix 220 . —(b) with neuter subj. to be left, spared: sgriosag an tír is níl na ndiaig acht flíoch is fiadhaile Midnight court 79 .

(η) with verbs like slaodaim, tarraigim, stracaim I drag or trail after me: siubhail nó stracfad san lathaig am dhiag, Midnight court 134 . —Synon. i ndegaid, TBC-LL¹ 1924 .

(θ) after in the foll. phrases: as marb uile Fianna...olc atú a ndiaid na ríg rán, Acall. 3369 . co cend trí lá nícon reilgthe láig dia mbúaib ina diaid, Ériu i 120 § 13 (`to commemorate him,' Meyer). nach dleaghair do neach cuṁa do dhéanaṁ i ndiaidh an tí théidh uaidh, TSh. 238. 16 . tá sé anuaigneach i ndiaidh a ṁic (W.K.).—Synon. i ndegaid.

(ι) behind : féach id dhiaigh, transl. respice post te, TSh. 15. 2 ; very common after fácbaid to leave something behind one: dfág sé an raṁan na dhiaidh he left the spade behind him (W.K.). Numerous exx. Finck ii 81 .

(κ) since : leo so dorinneadh na cinidheacha annsa doṁan a ndiaigh na díleann, Bedel Gen. x 32 .

(λ) with vb. ` bind': to bind or fix sth. to a thing in motion , as a ship or a chariot. noscengland Cuchulainn Ercoil i ndiáid a charpait leis, FB § 70 . cenglathar err trén tnúthach i nd. erri óencharpait, ib. 71 . ceanglaidhidh an toiléan sin (sc. Éire)...a ndiaigh bhur long, OCT 9.4 .

(μ) idioms: diaid i ndiaid one after another = cách i ndiaid alaili (d, β). Of persons and actions: ré nói ríg déc diaid i ndiaid in continuous succession LL 144 a 48 . amal rachansam cech cert diaid i ndiaid, ib. 143 a 41 . a rígha ┐ a thóisigh diaigh a ndiaigh forin leith sin doréir a ndualgus, ZCP i 372. 24 . tángatur in fían...muin ar ṁuin ┐ druim ar dhruim ┐ d. i nd. da innsaige, Fianaig. 54. 5 . re tri lá d. a nd. for three successive days CCath. 3401 . dá chreich diaigh a ndiaigh la gallaib for muintir Sercacháin RC xviii 292. 15 . rochuir in dá chroich diaid i ndiaid forin marb, LB 231 a 3 . a bhara fa gach aon aca bás dḟulang diaidh i ndhiaidh, TSh. 4.21 . san aois féin lé ngadtar bríogha an chuirp d. i nd. go gcuireann an bás fa ghréim fa dheóigh é, ib. 67. 7 . na ndeighḟer ndiongmála lás ro hernaidhmeadh í diaidh i ndiadh, AFM vi 2048. 15 . baí an tíarla ac dol i ndaoinib d. i nd. gaining more and more people to his side ib. vi 2082. 14 . ib. 2234. 15 . naoi ccéd bliadhain deóigh a ndeóigh, 3 C 13, 558. 1 . ib. 368. 15 .—In sp. l. superseded by diaid ar ndiaid or i nd. ar nd.: do cailleadh iad go léir i ndiaidh ar ndiaidh (or d. i. nd.), W.K. do thuiteadar go léir i nd. ar nd. na gcodladh, Éinín órdha 2. 7 . Syn. cenn i cenn, druim ar druim.

i ndiaidh a chinn, i nd. mo chinn, &c. A modern idiom = headlong : do thuit sé a ndiaidh a chinn, Tor. Dh. Oss. 87 n. 3 . an taos óg aibriosc do theilgean a ndiaidh a gcinn a mbealach a mbasgaidhthe, Donlevy xviii 25 . ag imtheacht i ndiaidh a chinn without thinking, without reflecting, W.K.—dochunnaic ar tús ar dorus ifirn croinntighi ┐ na pecthaid aga píanadh inntu ┐ drem díbh aga crochadh a ndiaidh a coss (hung by their feet) ┐ dream eile a ndiaidh a láṁ ┐ drem ele a ndiaidh a folt ┐ dream a ndiaidh a teangthadh ┐ drem ele [a n]diaidh a raigthidh, Lib. Flav. ii 38 vo b 15 . an tráth dochaithfinn an tsleagh...a ndiaidh a buna (sic leg.) is a hurloinn, Brooke and R. 268. 15 - 16 .

dul i nd. a láime, mod. idiom, to go to the bad Dinneen.

na dhiaidh sin is uile, mod. idiom (also Sc.), all the same: d'imthig sé ródhianach ach na dh. s. i. u. do bhuail an tiasc leis. Also na dheabha san is uile ; cf. Manx na ili, ny yeih nevertheless. Syn. marsin féin.—Cf. e ζ.

B Prep. governing the dative.

(e) fo deud, fo diud ; Mid.-Ir. fo deoid. Mod. : fé dheoig, fé dheoig sin, fé dheo'san (fé dheabha san, see d above), W.K. synon. fé deireadh.—Translates `in fine' Sg. 9 b 21 . quasi sterquilinium in fine perdetur : trascérthar fa deóid amal salchar, PH 6063 .

(α) at last, in the end, ultimately , subsequent to all else in occurrence (but ina diad subsequent to what immediately precedes). Often, as the final link in a series of events, introduced by ar thuus, and continued by iarum, iarsin, iartain, ina diaid, &c. Opp. ar thuus, hi tuus : roét som sochaidi hi tús róslá úad uli fo deoig, Mon. Tall. 135. 18 . ar tús...iartain...fa deo, Laws v 196. 13 . cael dóib ar thús in drochet lethan imurro fo deóid, FA §§ 22 , 23 . co gránna ar tús ┐ álaind fa deoid, RC xxiv 200. 18 . dot ṡroigled for tús...┐ dot chrochad fa deoid, PH 2851 . ar tús...fa deóid, ib. 2142 . MOD. ar dtúis (a dtúis)...fé dheoigh.— ní fuair ní do biud...fo diud acht lubai in talman, SR 1568 . fo diud, ib. 3087 . ructha fo diud...a triur i mBabilóin, Rawl. 46 a . crosfigild iarum fa deud, Mon. Tall. 138. 14 . a cétul uli fa deoid, ib. 140. 29 . is and dothuit fo deoid, Laws ii 124. 15 . is éicean dó in ferann dḟácbáil fo deoid, iii 130. 22 . a ferunn rena braighe a braighe fo deoigh last of all, ii 40. 7 f.b. v 172. 2 f.b. fo deoaid in degbuaid, Gorm. Febr. 24 . a natberi sin fo déoid what you said last TBC-LL¹ 1897 . loinges O. ┐ loinges L. ┐ loinges na hingine Ruaide fa dheoigh, Cog. 40. 16 . ScM. § 12 . silled ┐ comrád iarum tadall na tam iarsin in gním fén (adultery) fa deoid, PH 7809 . nonbéra fa deoid do aittreb na flatha nemda, ib. 5358 . ib. 4297 . 4201 . 1679 . 1916 . 2656 . 6651 . 7221 . toibéchar fair co díchondirclech fa deoid ó Dia, ib. 4113 . an cholann do chur i nuaim úrghránna...do dheanaṁ talṁan dí fa dheóigh, TSh. 32. 28 ; ib. 67. 8 ; 222. 13 . fa dheóigh damnughud síorruidhe, Donlevy 148. 24 . dofuair bás fá dheoidh a gc&rdot;ann na croiche, ib. 32. 24 ; 364. 5 . neaṁaithrighe fá dheoidh final impenitence, one of the sins against the Holy Ghost, ib. 176. 15 ; 180. 3 , 17 .

(β) at last, at length , in a weakened sense, sometimes interchanging with iarsin thereupon . Often hardly distinguishable from (α). rofaillsiged dano fó deóid do Adamnán &c. (v.l. iarsin LB) FA § 3 . fortamlaigid in leoman fo deoid (v.l. andsein) forsin triur aili, RC xxiv 174. 10 . rolen in cullach ┐ dorug air fo deoigh, ZCP vi 78. 24 . iarsin dodechudsa fa deoid cor ṡuides i fiadnaise in dúileman, MacCarthy 68. 12 . Mon. Tall. 153. 22 . CCC § 5 Eg. IT i 100. 19 . nocon ḟuaratar cinaid oc Ísu...fa deoid dodechatar ann dá ghuforglige, PH 3144 .

(γ) for the last time, of order: conid hé sin marb rotaithbeógad fo deoid i nÉirind the last dead man restored to life ZCP iii 36. 1 .

(δ) last, i.e. at the end, in the rear . praeposterans .i. aní ba buthi ar thuus do thochur fo diud, Ml. 29 a 8 . anas suthin immurgu ished rolaad fo deid, Wb. 13 d 9 ... ar thús...isin luc tánaisi...isin tres luc...fáth airic imorro fa deoid is placed last Laws i 26. 10 . mo chland do dul hi cath ┐ hi crích ría cách ┐ do bith fo deóid oc tuidecht essi, Expuls. 48 .

(ε) finally , indicating the last point or conclusion of a discourse, &c. ced ed tra fo deud. amal foruigensid do peccad fognid do fírinni, Wb. 3 b 28 . fá dheóig mo dhear -bhráithreacha bíghídhe láidir sa dTighearna, Ephesians vi 10 .

(ζ) mod. idiom fé dheoidh sin is uile, a strengthened fé dheoidh : bhí sé a bfaid na ṡeasaṁ suas ach thuit sé f. d. s. i. u. but at last he fell, W.K. Synon. fé dheireadh thiar thall. Cf. d μ.

(η) mod. air ndiaidh in what follows, below : na coinghill air a labhramuid air ndiaidh the conditions we are going to speak of Donlevy 332. 14 . isan miontṡaothar so ar nd., ib. x 1 f.b .—diaid ar nd., v. d μ.

(θ) mod. as diaidh : do snaidhmeadh sí le cúigear as diaidh a chéile she was married to five men in succession (W.K.).

III Cpds. dead-blegon o, n. Last milking , opp. cét-b. : a cétblegon i llestar for leith a ṅdeadblegon i llestar naile, RC xxv 28. 3 . LL 271 a 10 . dead-ḟlaith i, m. f. Last prince or ruler (cf. déden-rí): Cleopatra... deogflaith Greg, MacCarthy 302. 19 . deodhḟlaith cheneóil Duacháin, AFM iv 778. 4 . — Cf. ded-ḟlaithus BB 11 b 32 . MacCarthy 292 g . dedól, q.v. air-dead, air-diden, q.v. ? dāl de dālaib dedarbe 'one of the encounters at the final breach' Celtica xxi 201.22 .

MOD. see I k, II a, d, e, ζ, η, θ. Sc. déidh, deóidh, deodh (air dheodh otherwise, else ).

dér

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dér or dil.ie/15536
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: deór, déire, deór, déir, déor, dére, dǽr

n o, n. in O.Ir. (see Thurn., KZ xlviii 66 ), later ā, f.; late Mid. Ir. and Mod. Ir. also deór, IGT Decl. § 39 . g s. déire, ex. 1120 . g p. deór, ex. 1081 .

(a) tear: Fithir ro feg fora siair | ropo mithig d.¤ na diaid 'twas seasonable to shed a tear, LL 375a44 . a s. fri déir , Leb. Gab.(i) 264 n. 2 . d s. airchisis C. do déor Chathbad, CRR 3 . damhna datha ar dheóir, TD 25.23 . g s. deóir, LL iii 20205 , Ériu xxii 182 . fand . . . ainm na dére , LU 3376 ( SCC § 17 ). pl. robtar lugu na dǽr the tears were fewer, Ml. 23a13 . dera fola ro teilcset oc scarad fri Temraig, LU 4385 . cíís déra folcmara, CRR 3 . doní mo deora duba (: feola), ACL iii 216 § 8 . rogab for telgud a d.¤ , LL 376a15 . frosa d.¤ ndichra, TTr.² 1577 . co ndéraib troma, PH 6443 . With téit: ag dul ar dheóruibh weeping , L. Cl. A. B. 74.98 . do rachadh ar dhéaraibh dhamh would cause me to weep, DDána 6.15 .

(b) In general, drop of any liquid: blas na ndéar meala 'the flavour of drops of honey', Giolla Brighde 228 § 15 . der .i. banne, ut est d.¤ do cuaich, O'Dav. 668 . en-deor d'usci an topair, Aisl. Tond. 136.z . deór bheag uisge, TSh. 6252 . deora poipin (i.e. opium, poppy-juice). 24 P 32, 290.16 . fín gan deóir ndesgadh na díaigh , IGT Decl. ex. 390 . Fig. am d.¤ gréne a sun-drop (i.e. dew-drop?), IT iii 61 § 123 . am der greine, Leb. Gab.(i) 264.2 (with gl.: as comghlan me fri déir re grein). As n.pr. f. Der gréine, SG 257.15 . In complimentary epithets: déar aille d'ḟuil na n-iarladh, TD 23.18 . gach fine dhíobh mar dhéir n-aille, 16.49 . a dhéar díleanda ó Bhóinn Bhreagh, 2.55 . der dilinne an eoil oirrdirc, ZCP ii 350.11 .

Compds. ¤choí: déarchaoi weeping , DDána 46.40 . ¤chuma: damhna déarchumhaidh, 65.1 . ¤gairthe: a réalta is déarghoirthe dath (to a sword), TD 33.1 . ¤guba: oc toirse ┐ occ derghubha, BNnÉ 318.9 .

descad, descaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. descad, descaid or dil.ie/15747

Forms: desca, descad, descud, deascaidh, descaid, desgadha, deasguidh, descaid, desca, deasga, descthu, deasga, descad, deasgadh, deasguibh, deasgaidh

n gender and decl. doubtful. The form desca which occurs in nom. is probably pl., or at least originally pl. (< descthu). n s. descad, Wb. 9b13 , Ml. 94c16 , Sg. 24b4 . ? descud, Corm. Y 471 . deascaidh, O'Cl. a s. descaid, PH 5076 . O'Mulc. 42 . Corm. Y 468 . g s. desgadha, C IV 2, 42rb17 (cf. O'Gr. Cat. 180.8 ). d s. deasguidh, 23 K 42, 276 . n p. descaid, Corm. Y 468 . 23 O 23, 39a15 . desca, ZCP x 53 (cf. ix 172.z ). deasga, Dán Dé xvii 14 , A. Ó Dálaigh xl 1 . a p. descthu, Ml. 139b4 , Laws ii 242 , Cáin Ad. 18 (desctdu). deasga, Content. x 9 . g p. descad, CRR § 8 . deasgadh, RC xiv 26 § 1 . IGT Decl. ex. 390 . d p. deasguibh, BNnÉ 27.37 . deasgaidh (desca, v.l.), IGT Decl. § 180 (in list of nouns declined in pl. only).

(a) dregs, lees, sediment: deascaidh .i. deireadh, O'Cl. gl. faex, Ml. 94c16 . Sg. 24b4 . co descthu ad faeces, Ml. 139b4 . amail in descaid bīs fo olae faex olei , O'Mulc. 42 . ind laith ebur co ndesctdu (leg. co descthu?), Cáin Ad. 18 . fín gan deóir ndesgadh na diaigh , IGT Decl. ex. 391 . tartarum .i. deasgaidh an fín . . . is tarbach iad i n-aigid na n-eslainte fuar doniter ona lennaib reamra, 23 O 23, 39a15 . do deasgaib in ḟīna, 39a8 . iarna scagad ┐ iarna deliugad re descuid, 24 B 3, 79 . ō deasguidh fola derga (ex faece sanguinis), 23 K 42, 276 . desga fína, 3 C 19, 26 ra3 . maille re desguibh sen-ola, 27ra17 . pudur desgadha fina, C IV 2, 42rb17 , cf. O'Gr. Cat. 180 (deasgaid). Fig. ō so amach deasga an domhain, | a sgath feasda fuarobhair, Dán Dé xvii 14 . tréig feasda an saoghal sonna | baoghal deasga a dhíoghluma, A. Ó Dálaigh xl 1 . deasga do dhighe, a dhomhnáin, DDána 53.27 . the lowest, vilest: na gairbh do cepadh re desgaib gach daoirchéirde, O'Gr. Cat. 551 = Ó Bruad. iii 14 . the utmost, very depths: tusa . . . ag triall ar iocht éineathair . . . do dheasgaibh olc na hÉireann that thou art going . . . is one of Ireland's deepest ills, Studies 1921 76.23 . ná loc deasga do dhíchill do your worst, Content. x 9 . ? ná freasdail do thoil a thruaigh | smuain a bhfoil dá dheasgaidh dhaoibh, Dán Dé xxiii 33 . Cf. mod. Ir. de dheasgaibh on account of .

(b) ferment, leaven, barm, yeast: d.¤ fo bairgin gl. fermentum, Wb. 9b13 . focul for braich lis, riasiu do-cae for descthu before it has fermented, ZCP xiv 348.13 . ri rolad for descdu . . . choirm, Rawl. B 512, 33c8 ( Irish Texts i 10.3 ). for descthu, 7 § 23 . cona ro ermaisetar . . . descaid do chumasc ar in mein, PH 5076 . caega dabhach robháttar forna deasguibh i ttigh na fleidhe, BNnÉ 27 . miach bracha re frithealamh ndeasgadh, RC xiv 26 . Fig. in fer grāid ibes an digh | don linn mesca cidh maith leis (sic) | is iad sin desca in dīmais, ZCP x 53 . mairg fer risnach ceisd | an deoch ibhess don linn mheisg | in deoch sin ge milis leis | is hí desgaidh an dīmais, ix 172 . cach lind somesctha is descaid dermait Dé ferment of neglect of God, Alex. 869 . Anecd. v 3 . otā do nádúir aige [sc. in t-olc-sa i.e. drúis] a dhescaid (sic leg. ? desc, MS.) do thecht dona dáinib nā dénann hē, PH 7448 . Transf. fermented liquor (?): ba gléire d.¤ ┐ ba aíbbgetus a hóla, CRR § 8 .

(c) sign, symptom: descaid trebaire tuae, descaid ētrebaire rolabra, Anecd. iii 15 . descaid serce sīrsilliud, ib. and TE 6 LU (= airdhenu sercci, Eg.), IT i 121 .

do-srenga

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-srenga or dil.ie/18480
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: da-srenga, dosrenga, dosreggat, ndo-sreng, tairrng-, tarngid, tarraing, tarrgid, tairngid, tairgiter, tairgitir, tairngithir, tarraing

v (* to-sreng-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 637 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. da-srenga, Mon. Tall. 150.28 . LU 6023 = TBC-I¹ 1556 . dosrenga, Corm. Y 1097 . 3 pl. dosreggat, Goid. 71 . Pret. 3 s. a ndo-sreng , RC xxv 344.6 . Later as simple vb., stem tairrng- (tairng-, tarng-), indic. pres. 3 s. tarngid, TBC-LL¹ 2188 ; pret. tarraing. Not infreq. written tair(r)g-; cf. ipv. 2 pl. tarrgid, FA 19 ( LU 2127 ) = tairngid, LB ; pass. tairgiter, Laws iv 168.7 Comm. , tairgitir, 208.3 , tairngithir, 1 .

Vn. tarraing.

I Trans. draws, drags, pulls (nearly always of motion towards agent).

(a) Without prep. or adv.; dosrenga a fortgae ┐ a forgaimniu robādar fo Coinchulaind draws away , TBC-I¹ 636 . tairrngios in fer mór int agastar do bí rena ech, SG 261 . tarraing da lāmh gen bes nī dot' algas agud draw back thy hand, 23 P 10, 153va7 . cunas-tairṅgend feib rothairṅged a comlín de bolgánaib belca, MU² 665 . ar son co tairnccenn an t-adhamus an t-iarann, Maund. 144 .

Folld. by various prepp.: fornesa sleig chuillind hi cois C. Dosrenga (dasrenga, LU) ass pulls it out, TBC-I¹ 1556 . tarngid C. in sleig . . . assa fremaib, TBC-LL¹ 2188 = tairrngidh, St. notairrngedh d'a méraib a sūile a cloiccnib, CCath. 3976 . dussreanga [Satan] in ainim asin curp, Ériu v 122 . as tir-si dosrengad (leg. dosrengat) slad an sluag sedlach are dragging plunder, Anecd. i 59 . rolingsid isin teinidh ┐ rothearnngsid C. leo as, RC xxxiv 320 . do tharraing an ceann d'a cholainn tore the head off his body, CF 222 . tairrngidh in rón in fer tar in bhfairrce (= traxit secum virum), Lat. Lives 85 . rotharraing ina dhiaigh é tar an ccill amach, BS 4 . nostairnged tria ladraib a choss ┐ a lám, TBC-LL¹ 1408 . rap . . . nach n-anmann dosrenga chugae, ut sunt sues (contrasted with animals which butt), Corm. Y 1097 = ṡrengas, LB. intan dosreng in sleig a dochum, Expuls. 2 . manum retrahe .i. tarruing do lámh chughatt (i.e. abstain from further food), O'Gr. Cat. 263 . tairrngidh in curach cuice allus an tsnaithe, RC x 68 . co rothair[r]ṅgiset chucu in mboin . . . allus a herbuill, RC xvi 270 . dosrengait an t-anfad . . . co bord na saebhcoire the storm drags them to the edge of the whirlpool, ZCP x 411 . amal ataid puil na srona aga tarraing cum a ceile (i.e. contracting), 23 P 10, 1b42 . anuair smuaintighes neach raed co domhain . . . ní tairnginn int aer cugi re seal fada ┐ tairrngidh 'na diaigh aeinfheacht amain co romor he does not draw breath for a long while and then draws a deep breath, 5b1 . rig a leas an t-aer fuar do tarraing cugi to inhale, 5a41 ; cf. 3b28 . co motairrngend suas . . . in lia sain co na drolaibh draws up, BB 394b41 . mar thairringeas an ghrian gheal | an t-uisce suas ar sileadh, Arch. Hib. i 99 .

With pers. form of LA ref. to subj.: tarrgid (tairngid, LB) lib . . . in n-anmain n-écraibdig-sea, FA § 19 . co tairrnget leo in anmain i fúdomain ifirnd, § 30 LB. rotarraing in n-apach ina diaidh le dragged the corpse after her, CCath. 3976 . rotharrangsat leo dochum in ethair é, SG 55 . do tharruing Tú leat (sic leg.) do dhíbhfhearg uile Thou hast taken away all Thy wrath, Psalms lxxxv 3 = do rug tu leat, ed. 1826 . Cf. also: ná tarruing mé leis na cionntachaibh draw me not away with, Psalms xxviii 3 .

(b) draws out, extracts: tairrngis a fholt 's a fhionnfaidh, TSh. 5587 , cf. Oss. i 66.142 . tairngter an folt ar tús, O'Gr. Cat. 178 . cantarides . . . tairnghid neim na n-uile ball, 227 . an purgaid . . . tairrngidh sin gach aen linad carries off all repletion, 23 P 10, 139vb39 . cuir in cerin sin ar in crecht ┐ turngidh at ┐ diachair, 23 F 19, 8vb2 (freq. so used in med. texts).

(c) Various special meanings, in many corresponding to Eng. draw; draws (breath): da ttairngtear an anal go luath, 23 K 42, 196.18 (freq. in med. texts). draws a sword, etc.: tairrngidh arm a gcētōir, Fl. Earls 64 . do thairrngeadar na drochdhaoine an cloidheamh, Psalms xxxvii 14 . ón ccloidhiomh táirngthe, Isaiah xxi 15 . an bogha . . . bhíos umhal d'fior a tharroing, Arch. Hib. i 86 . Of water draws, conducts: treb oc na bi usce . . . co tairidnither seicce, Laws iv 214 .i. co tairngiter seachu é, 216 Comm. int uisce tairgiter tar na fearanduib, 168 Comm. atáid daoine is tir sin féin | thairngeas an mhuir chuca i gcéin, Content. vi 73 . Of a wound, sore, etc. draws, drains: as coir an crecht do tarring le hadurc noc[h] bís lan do cadas, 23 P 10, 67.41 . curter an cerin so uirre da taring, 63.5 . leagur cuisle fo tracht a coisi ... ┐ tairngidh an fuil, Irish Texts v 16.19 . Of translating out of a language: is e U. do tharruing o Laidin gu Gaeghilg an beatha sa, Lib. Flav. i 32va37 . gach nech léighfís an leabhar so, tabhraidh bennacht ar anmain a[n] té do tarraing ó Laidin a nGaedhilge hé, 24 P 3, 195.3 . Of drawing money: a bhfuair 'gá athair d'ionmhus | 's ar tharraing d'á thighiornas, A. Ó Dálaigh l 8 . Of persons draws, makes come: tairrngis Mac M. iarla D. don tír, AFM v 1782 . rotharraing Ua Neill drong do Ghallaibh . . . dia nertadh, vi 1930 . Of troops draws up: do tárnedh aon mile dég fer 'na mpataillenuibh were drawn up in battalions, Rel. Celt. ii 200 . targes S. a n-ordughadh bláir iad, 154 . ar tarruing na cuidecht having marshalled the army, 198 .

(d) In fig. senses. Induces, brings about: do tharraing [Críost] síothcháin ┐ sítheóltacht ar neamh ┐ ar talamh, Eochairsg. 32 . do tharraing síothcháin ┐ cáirdios eatorra, Gadelica 129 . síoth do tharraing idir Ruaidhri ┐ Dhiarmaid, Keat. iii 5113 , 3184 . With extension of sense: tharraigiodar coingheall eatorra féin made a covenant, GJ xii 536 . Of persons draws, induces: is beag nách ttairrngeann tú mé chum bheith am Chríosduighe, Acts xxvi 28 . táirngeamaóid daóine chum creidmhe, 2 Cor. v 11 . Applies (to), transfers (to): do tharruing mé na neithe-si chugum féin . . . a bhfioghair I have transferred to myself, 1 Corinth. iv 6 . as éidir na ceithre cotchanna . . . .i. an chré, an paiter, na haithenta ┐ na sacramainnti do thairreng do chum na subháilchedhsa, Ó Héodhusa 14 .

Folld. by AR (FOR), draws, brings upon (of a consequence, etc.): le chomhall na n-aithenadh dherbhmaoid ar ngrádh ar Dhia ┐ thairrengmaoid a grádh orainn, Ó Héodhusa 14 . do thairngis oirbh an iomairg you have brought on yourself this fright, Content. xxii 21 . gur tharraing gean an leinbh go mór air, Eochairsg. 62 . With AS deduces, infers: táirngid as so gur etc., Corp. Astron. 2 .

(e) In a few cases apparently stretches, extends (of motion away from the agent): dosrenga a chois fris co mebaid a fergaire (i.e. kicked?), TBC-I¹ 3661 . a ndosreng fris a láim `when he withdrew his hand' (stretched out his arm to lay hold on him?), RC xxv 344.6 .

In follg. cases almost brings, offers: teit in caitin . . . dosrengai bratan dhoibh, Lism. L. viii , cf. LL 283a24 . frithi dam bratan [m]béodha | doburchu glan dosreanga dom, Anecd. i 73 .

II In later lang. also intrans. of motion draws (near, etc.): rotairrngedur na Lumburduigh docum glenna domuin retreated, ZCP vi 42 . sliocht Fhiachach S. do tharraing don Mhumhain, Keat. ii 4871 . don tuaisciort tarruing romhat go forward , 3 C 12, 82.14 . In fig. sense, with CHUM, draws, tends (towards): an t-inglan tairngus cum buidheachta which approaches a yellow colour, 23 P 10, 16b38 . an dath bān neoch tairngus cum uainigheachta, 14a2 . gurma ag tarraing chum datha uaine blueness of a greenish shade, 13b46 . in gaoth danad ainm Eurus . . . tairrngidh cum teasa ┐ cum tiorma, 3 C 19, 256va6 .

dúan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dúan or dil.ie/18966

Forms: dúain, duan

n ā, f. Later oft. dúain. a s. also duan, MacCarthy 408.434 .

Song, poem , general term for a verse composition intended to be recited or sung, usually of more than one stanza (rann); each of the 150 divisions of SR is called a duan (prose notes follg. l. 7788 and 8016). In BB 307b19f. ( MacCarthy 138 ) perh. stanza: is lāntomus duaine in Debide fota `the Long D. is the full measure of a stanza'. rann ar gach duain . . . duain ar gach ollamh d'Éirinn a stanza of every poem . . . a poem for every poet, Content. xxx 23 . duain gil (duan, BB), Todd Nenn. 144 . Duilem na ndulgeine | da ndealbam duain to whom I frame a song, ZCP viii 199 . ón ló do delbus in dúain, Ériu ii 168 . dorónus dóibh dua[i]n mbinn mbairdne, ACL iii 296 . oc cormaim gaibtir duana poems are chanted, Thes. ii 295 (SP v). da tí aes dána sin crích . . . co rop siat a duana sain ┐ a dréchta gabtair ar tús i nEmain, TBC-LL¹ 1156 . do ghabh duana ┐ dreuchta ┐ deagh-dhánta a sean ┐ a sinsear dí, Oss. iii 48 . o thair in duain do gabail `when the recitation of the poem is finished', Laws v 212 Comm. rocan in fili in duansa deis-creidmigh, MacCarthy 408 . cionnus chanfam duain an Tighearna, TSh. 6361 (= canticum, Psalms cxxxvi 4 ). sheinnios D. duan ┐ degcheol dō, SG 277 . tallus luag mo duane de, Metr. Dinds. i 52 . do chuingid duaisi duaine, Acall. 5489 . dúas ar nduana (for d.¤, v.l.), ACL iii 296 § 44 . cenél Fermac . . . deig-reic a nd.¤ ní dimain, BB 188b27 . Sathgel caem dar deimin d.¤ who was sure of a song (i.e. of praise of bards), 189a2 . roindis duana da n[d]eig-righ, 10 . amail rustuirim M. i mbrollach duaine Flainn, Lec. 38b19 . dūnta for nd.¤ decid lib, | a aes in dana dlighthig, Auraic. 2183 . dūnait curpu d.¤ , 2210 . dosgēn fēin raduain a rrig I will compose them a mighty song for their king, Ériu vii 219 . bās righ na raduan, MacCarthy 422 . as é do chum na dúanta senchasa so i ndán díreach, AFM vi 2320 . duain naoimhsheanchais, Keat. iii 749 . iomad do dhuantaibh nó do dhántaibh, i 90 . ag déanamh duan don tsluagh dá ngríosadh, Keat. Poems 1560 . ? a-tá uan liom ag ar bhfoghnamh, | d.¤ liom do lomradh gach laoi Thy shearing is my daily song, Aithd. D. 70.10 (? leg. dual, note).

Compds. ¤abb `song-abbot', poet , LL 11a4 = BB 34a2 ( ZCP xiii 363.8 ). ¤bairdne one of the four divisions of bairdne, IT iii 6 . ¤gleo: Aildergdoit rogab 'na diaigh | di bliadain déc tria duaingliaidh contest of song (?), Lec. 51a23 . ¤grinn: dareis Diarmata d. of the pleasant songs, ZCP ix 466 ( Rawl. 165b23 ). ¤grith: i nduangreathaib, IT iii 90 . ¤ḟial: Mendraige Dairbre duanḟéil generous to poetry, Metr. Dinds. ii 46 . ¤marbnad an elegy or threnody: duanmharbhnadh a mhna, O'Gr. Cat. 574 . ¤mebair: atchiu maidm ar mórṡluagaib, | noco lem nach d., LL 48a32 = duainmiobair, SG 373 . ¤molad panegyrical poetry: lethat Tuadmuman . . . sloinnfet tre d. dōib, Ériu ii 50 . ar dhuasaib duan-mholta, AFM vi 1906 . ¤oirfided singing songs: cruitirecht ┐ d., BB 464b30 . ¤timna a testament in verse, BNnÉ 273 § 245 .

fo-dechtsa, fo-dechta, fo-decht, bu(d)-decht, bu(d)-desta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-dechtsa, fo-dechta, fo-decht, bu(d)-decht, bu(d)-desta or dil.ie/22584

adv used in Mid. Ir. for older i(n) fecht so, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 79 . The form seems influenced by cadecht, q.v. (cf. fadéin beside cadéin). Now, directly; now and henceforth: isam slán-sa f.¤ dom galur, IT i 128.5 (Eg.) = romícadsa a fechtsa, LU 10785 . in creti Dia f.¤ ? LU 9281 . gabar sosad ┐ longport acainn andso fodectsa, CRR 23 ( LL 174b36 ). roerchransat ... fodechtsa ... foscthi petarlaicthi, PH 3452 . apairsiu fadechtsa cata cuir gēba, LL 262b11 ( MU² 102 ). is mithig a choibled rígi do denam dó badechtsa ib. LL 262b 41 ( MU² 141 ). caidhi an t-annlonn buddechtsa ?, BColm. 60.18 . Clann Núadat D. fodecsa here follows ZCP viii 302.27 . dogníam airidi anois do T. fodechta, Aen. 2048 . fodeachta is búan mo bhochta, BS 28 § 21 . co bráth ... ni bia fodecht | dál ... ic duine im airecht, YBL 315b18 . scurem din gaisced sa fodesta, TBC-LL¹ 3564 ; 5780 . ga comairli doberi ḟorm-sa fadesta ?, 4403 . fadbaig Fer ṅd. bhadesta 4060 (festa St). roḟata atám amlaid seo bhadesta, 3549 . denam imtecht budesta, IT ii2 135.332 . ó ro aisnedhsem do ghabháil C. cettus ... as techta duinn co ro aisneidem bhodestae do shíol ..., Leb. Gab.(i) i 190 . o sin amach bodheasta, MR 94.20 . ní córa dóibh ... | troid um C. ... | iná cur deabhtha budh dheacht | ...fán dTuaisceart, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 356.23 . Cf. Mac R. ... mín dáil na diaigh budh dheachta | bia[i]dh an dán na dhilleachta, 414 .

See fecht and festa.

fodub

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fodub or dil.ie/22643

adj o-ā somewhat black: rendering Lat. subniger: bi ar tus ar dath in Inaidhi ┐ aindsein fodubh ┐ na diaigh co dub, Rosa Angl. 306z .

*fúataing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. *fúataing or dil.ie/24710

Forms: fuatnge, fuadai, fuaitched, fosruataig, fuaitgedh, fuadis

v (fo-uss-deng) carries off forcibly, steals (property or person) : examples of the pres. stem are rare and there are early cases of treatment as a simple verb : pres. protot. nis ngab nis fuatnge he does not seize it [sc. athgabáil] he does not carry it off Laws ii 122z . (cf. nis fuadai , i 266.11 ). imperf. no fuaitched fer dib a graige one of them would drive off his steeds RC xxv 34.12 . na ḟuaitged albín dia buaib ZCP viii 262 § 11 . perf. fosruataig carried it off (a cow) Dinds. 113 . Pass. ro fuaitgedh sund e it [the pledge] has been carried off in this instance Laws v 422.4 Comm. Subj. pres. 2 s. ni fuadis la foxal `thou shalt not carry it off' Laws i 264.9 . ni indle ech nemhidh, ni fuadais ni ḟorlais thou shalt not harness the steed of a nemed ; thou shalt not drive it away, thou shalt not mount it by force Ériu xiii 27.27 (= O'Dav. 1167 ).

Of natural forces : sweeps away: do-rala coir gaoithi ina diaigh co ro fuaitghed isin oician ... amach, Grail 3722 (gurro fuadaigh ... he v.l.).

In the following passage the sense is obscure, perhaps there is an omission : is hed as maith deit, perge ad Columbam. dachoid son dano, foruatigside dosom (of a sinner seeking absolution) (Cf. fúataigid (b)). Ériu ii 222.12 (not in the parallel text, Mon. Tall. § 66 ).

1 Gall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 Gall or dil.ie/25308
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: Gollu, Golla, gaillu, gullu, gulla, Gulla

pn o, m. a p. Gollu, Golla, AU 1026 . gaillu, LL 184a12 . gullu, Cog. 110 n. 2 ; gulla, Lism. L. 202 . v p. Gulla, IGT Decl. ex. 681.

(a) Oldest meaning a Gaul : Gaill .i. Frainc. Gaill dano ainm do ... ṡaerc[h]landaib Franc .i. tribus Gallie , Corm. Y 683 . Labraid for a loinges hi tirib Gall, RC xv 299 ( Dinds. § 9 ). dolluid Forgall Manach ... amail bítís techta ríg Gall, RC xi 438.25 (Tochm. Em.). marggad mór na nGall ngrécach, Metr. Dinds. iii 24.307 . epscop fīna ... .i. escra tomais fīna la ceandaighaib Gall ┐ Franc, Corm. Y 539 . Ériu iii 140.173 . a tuirc óir a tírib Gall, LL 49b40 = Hail Brigit § 11 . In pl. used as a place-name : i ndesciurt Etale ... sed verius ... i[n] Gallaib itá, Thes. ii 311.32 .

(b) a Scandinavian invader (finn-gaill being the Northmen , dub-gaill the Danes ) : Niall Glundubh ... co torchair i cath Atha-cliath la Gallaibh, MacCarthy 404.22 . co Galliathaib na nGall .i. co Ámlaib ... rig Lochlainne, CRR § 7 . Roiniudh for Gallu Locha cuan, AU 942 ; 1026 . Brian ... ardrī Gall ocus Gāedel, ZCP viii 120.1 . ar slanaib ... Turcaill righ Gall, BCC § 435 ; § 373 . Ard Macha do orgain ... la Gallaibh, ┐ ní ro hoirgedh la heachtarchenela riamh go sin, AFM i 444.9 . ? dord gaill iar nderach a bárc, ib. 272.8 . Dánfhocail 271 .

(c) an Anglo-Norman, an Irishman of Norman descent, an Englishman : Díarmait Gall, IGT Decl. ex. 641 . a Gulla Fáil, ex. 681 . langfiter ... .i. glas na nGall, Corm. p. 26 . (Cf. langp[h]eitir .i. anglis insein, Corm. Y 812. ) slóiccheadh lá hUilliam ... de Lathi ... ┐ lá gallaibh Midhe, AFM iii 268.13 . gabháltas Gall the Norman Invasion, Keat. ii 4840 . Fine gaoidel senghoill féin `the old English themselves,' O'Gr. Cat. 467.11 . sduagha do gheibhthe re Goll (of a castle) arches that used to be found with the foreigner (i.e. built in Norman style ?), DDána 119.16 . Applied to the Geraldines, Ériu ix 164 § 12.

(d) a foreigner : fer doberait gaill amach, Laws v 244.18 gl. o luibib gall, 84.6 Comm. cin a gall ┐ a deoraidh, O'Curry 290 ( H 3.18, 159 ). scrisfaid siad goill ┐ allmaruidh a hErind, BCC § 127.

(e) Hebridean : a Ghallmhaoir ó thuinn go tuinn | fleasga donna an díaigh an Ghoill, Rannsachadh na Gàidhlig i 13 (NLS 72.2.2 fo. 16) . fiarfaighthior ’nar fearann dúthaigh | dénamh na loingi, a fhlaith Gall, Bard. P. 172 § 15 . Compds. ¤assa a Gaulish sandal : a p. gallasu (gl. gallicas= caligas, Vulg.), Thes. i 497 ( Ardm. 178b2 ). ¤at foreign helmet , IT iii 100 § 171 . ¤bádach partial to foreigners (?) : comairleda ... guthmilse gallbadhacha in ghlaniarla `prompted by inherent leaning to the English,' Caithr. Thoirdh. 26.37 . ¤baile a foreign stead : ZCP ii 339.34 . gallbailti gan galldacht, Studies 1920, 416.z . IGT Decl. ex. 1915 . ¤bélre foreign speech, later English speech: sluag guillbelrai, Fen. 222.10 . can latin, acht gall-berla, ZCP xviii 12 , note. milc ... focul gallberla, O'Dav. 1215 . gen cor smuain guth Gaillberla, Irish Texts ii 14 § 27 . ¤biail a foreign (i.e. Scandinavian) axe : O'Dav. 532 . .iiii. sgribaill .x. is fiu in gaillbiail .i. in crostuadh lethan, O'Curry 241 b ( H 3.18, 136 ). slicht gall-bela, O'Curry 810 ( H 3.18, 374a ). See Manners and Customs iii 29 . ? ¤blach, IT iii 99 § 163 . ¤brat foreign booty : ? nímo gradh gallbraide, ib. 95.1 . ¤bróc foreign shoe : Guaire na ngallbrocc, ib. 101 § 179 . ¤cerd name given to the Scandinavian sport of tossing children on spears, V. SS. Hib. i 164 § xxxiv (v.l. gialcherd); cf. p. xxii n. 4 . ¤cliar: an ghaillchliar the Reformed clergy , Mac Aingil 4297 ¤cloch ` foreign castles ,' Studies 1920, 416.2 . ¤cochal a Norse hood , KMMisc. 364.9 . ¤cú: Gallchū immorru in forainm ┐ is de atā dia ro marb in mīlig tucad do breith einig fear Muman coro marb cona fhiaclaib amal gallchoin iaruschain (iaroschain, v.l.) a airm uili, Corp. Gen. 377 n. k-k (BB, Lec.) .​​​ As npr m.: Gallchū, Rawl. 151b40 . ¤cúirt foreign palace , Studies 1924, 242.2 . ¤dírna a foreign dírna (i.e. weight), O'Dav. 679 . ¤écosc Gaulish garb: doluid Forcoll M. ... isna Gaillecuscaib, ZCP iii 246 § 57 . ¤écoscda of foreign appearance: cloidemh mor gaillecasgda, TBC-LL¹ 5478 (St.). ¤espoc a foreign bishop: ag an ngaillespuc, ALC i 242.28 . ¤focal: dot dhíon ar ghallfhocal ghall the pledged word of the English (i.e. Punica fides), O'Gr. Cat. 485.8 . ¤fothannán the herb bearsbreech or bearsfoot , RC ix 227.21 . O'Gr. Cat. 184.30 . ¤fuil foreign blood: easbaid Goill ó gleo an Mullaig | ód roinn sa gleo ar an Gallfhuil, Irish Texts ii 60 § 24 . ¤ga a foreign javelin, an English spear , IGT Decl. ex. 967 . AU ii 212.22 . ¤gabul: ? gréas gach gall-ghabhla (from description of a building), DDána 119.33 . ¤glas a foreign lock , Laws i 142.12 Comm. ¤góidel one of mixed race, i.e. Viking and Irish blood . For an account of the Gall-Goidil see RC xxxix 176 - 177 (Sommerfelt); TFrag. 138 n. ; Bidrag, p. 4 seq.; Watson, Celtic placenames of Scotl., 172 seq. In the Annals the word is used of inhabitants of Ireland only between 855 and 858 (Sommerfelt, loc. cit.). In TFrag. 138 (an. 857) the name is applied to the Irish who had adopted Viking ways and relapsed into paganism. Cf. also ib. 232. cocadh mor etir Gennti ┐ Maelsechnaill co n-Gallghoidelaibh leis, AU i 364.x ; ib. 366.8 . loingius na nGall-nGaoidheal (sic) .i. Scuit iad ┐ daltai do Normannoibh iad, TFrag. 128.8 . AFM i 490.8 (an. 856). gic-goc Gallgaidhel, Anecd. ii 72.6 . inghean ríogh Gallghaedheal, Keat. ii 5540 . Used of inhabitants of western Scotland: téit iarum Donnan in Gallgaidelu ┐ geibid aitreb ann (where apparently the island of Eigg is meant), Fél. 116.13 . Bláán .i. Balaan (sic) epscop Cinn Garad hi nGallgaidelaib (Bute), ib. 184.28 . As a place-name connoting Galloway: Suibne mac Cinaedha, ri Gallgaidhel, AU i 568.z (an. 1034) ; ii 234.1 (an. 1200); ii 290.17 (an. 1234). Toirberd mac Gall Ghoeidhil, ALC i 242.25 (an. 1210) = mac righ gallgaoidhel, AFM iii 164.13 . Samaisc ┐ Artúr ┐ Ínber tri meic rig Gallgaeidel anall, AS 4560 . Bressal mac Eirge, mac ríg Gallgaeidel anall, ┐ taissech teglaig rig Eirenn he, ib. 7951 . Watson seeks to explain the form Galloway, Celtic placenames of Scotl. 174 . ¤gruaim: ó ghall-ghruaim a nglóir, A. Ó Dálaigh xxi 5 . ¤gruitne Norse curds: do gallurad gallgruitni, Hib. Min. § 66.32 . ¤iall a foreign thong: pl. gaillialla (.i. oígeich .i. lomhna connaigh), Ériu ii 4.14 . ¤iasc a pike , Iar. Conn. 11 note y . ¤íath foreign territory , CRR 10.y ; 20.10 . ? ¤lorg: do gelugud galluirge 'a foreign club' EIS 138 § 16 . See also uirge. ¤manach, Anecd. iii 9.20 . ¤merge a foreign standard; rie bar ngaillmeirgib grīanṡrōill, Bruchst. no. 25 . ¤mías a quoit (?): in gaillmias (gl. discus), Ir. Gl. 478 . ¤mil a foreign soldier: pl. gaillmilid ... na Gaillia, CCath. 5369 . ¤óclach orig. a Scottish soldier or mercenary, in service of an Irish chief; a `gallowglass' or heavy-armed foot-soldier opposed to the light-armed kerns (see Hayes-McCoy, Scots Mercenary Forces in Ireland, pp. 15-76 ). The word is common in the Annals of the 13th-15th centuries: tre cumachtain cinidh a mathar idon Clainni Domnaill ┐ Gallóglach n-imda aile, AU ii 372.17 . galloglacha uaisli, 426.9 . ocus a ngallógláchaibh ina n-éidedh timchioll chuirp an airdrígh, MS. Mat. 540.36 . AFM iii 450.11 . ib. 588.1 . ¤óclachus: leadership of gallowglasses: fear ... ba mó ainm la gallócclachus, AFM iv 1140.12 . ¤óg an English soldier, Content. xi § 14 . ¤ogam Viking Ogham , Auraic. 6157 (called also Ogam Lochlannach, 6155 ). ¤ráith a foreign rath or fort , see O'Gr. Cat. 502.22 . ¤sail a foreign (non-indigenous ?) willow: i nglotuinn géag ngall-ṡaileach, DDána 85.45 . ¤salann, foreign salt , glac gallsalaind, IT iii 93 § 139 . ¤sax English foreigner: eiritigidh Gallsax, Hy Fiach. 172.6 . ? ¤semind, IT iii 93 § 139 (BB). ¤sét a foreign treasure: pl. na gall-seoit tar muir tocairter, Laws v 220.22 gl. (etym. gl. on gaillite tacair). ¤sgiam: a ghiolla gusan ngaillsgéimh `O youth of foreign beauty', Studies 1924, 241.1 . ¤sciath: Tuathal Mælgarb na ngall-sciath, LL 130b12 . ¤sochraite foreign auxiliaries , Cog. 168.7 . ¤tech foreign palace , Studies 1924, 241.y . ¤Tór: Tór the Viking, Caithr. CC 138.z . ¤trumpa a trumpet, a clarion: itir orgán ┐ gitart ┐ galltrumpa, ZCP vi 52.8 . Matthew vi 2 . ? ¤urad: do gallurad gallgruitni, Hib. Min. 66.32 .

gelaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gelaid or dil.ie/25568
Last Revised: 2019

v (gel) denom.

I Trans. makes white, bleaches; makes fair: gibé cerd do gheal a grúaidh | fúair a ṡeal don derg na díaigh , IGT Decl. ex. 701 . puipli na naom ... ro gelta (i.e. with snow), SG 35.10 ; ib. 12 . Do ghealfadh mé an malaidh nduibh, Studies 1928, 452.19 . gile ina leine an lá gealtar, KMMisc. 168 § 9 . Saoirfhear a ndeas ó Chodhal chláirleabhar | dar báinghealadh toradh is meas míonMhumhan, Studies 1929, 594.7 . do gelad na haghthi .i. mil ┐ domblas áe do cumusc ┐ a coimilt don agaid to make the face fair, i.e. mix together honey and gall (bile?) and rub it onto the face, Harley MS 546 f. 39v7 ​​​​​. vn. a gcruth nách éidir le haon ghlanadóir [éaduighe] ... a ngealadh, Mark ix 3.

II Intrans. grows white, shines: cuain ghorma bha ngealann grian, Ériu v 64.183 . Cf. fuinn chnódhonna i ngealann grian, TD 9.35 . ní i n-aoin-fheacht ghealas an ghrian, DDána 93 § 22.

indraic

Cite this: eDIL s.v. indraic or dil.ie/28515
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: indraic, inricc, inraicc, innruca, innruicce, inricci, innraice, indruca, indraicce, indraice, indraiciu, inrucu, indraca, indraic, indraic, inricc

adj i (in + reic lit. ` fit for sale .' See Thurn. ZCP xiv 346 § 7 ). indraic is the Mid. Ir. form, inricc the form in Wb., inraicc in Ml. g s f. innruca, innruicce, O'D. 338 (< H 3.17, col. 261 ). n p. inricci, Wb. 5c14 . innraice, Laws v 368.2 . indruca, indraicce, PH 3375 , 5336 . g p. indraice, RC xv 489.9 . Compar. indraiciu, TBC-I¹ 353. inrucu, O'Curry 1872 (< 23 P 3, fo. 20d ).

I Of persons, worthy, fitting, honourable, upright, faithful: caidh .i. indraic, O'Curry 963 (< H 3.18, p. 415 ). iarsindí batir inricci du báas huili `worthy of death,' Wb. 5e14 . amal as n-inricc sanctis fáilte fri nóibu, 7b2 . inna fírbrithemnachtae dudrignisom inraicc `of the righteous judgment that made him worthy,' Ml. 62c19 . i.¤ side dano. `Īefa-sa in cinaid sin,' ol sē but he was an upright man ..., Anecd. iv 76.15 ( Corm. Y s.v. Mugheme ). feidil la cach he .i. inraic la cach, Ériu ii 174.8 . indracca gl. fideles, Gild. Lor. 24. batar uiss no umla no innraice no comadais `fit or suitable,' Ir. Gl. p. 41.6 . nī fairgēbasu ... lāech bas ansum ... nā hergairi mōrslūaig bas indraiciu, TBC-I¹ 353. is adamraigti trá co mór ┐ is indraicc o foraithmet máthair na macc-sa `worthy of remembrance,' PH 6608. id chorp ionnraic óghamhail (to Blessed Virgin), DDána 6 § 40. ben is mo ocus is áille ... ocus is innraca, ALC i 306.12 . an té atá ionnruic ansa ní is lúgha `he who is faithful in that which is least,' Donlevy 132.4 . ionruic a ngach uile roinn no ghnothuigh, 464.16 . trí chét mbemeann n-indraice co n-abainn `300 honest blows with a scourge' (in a penance), RC xv 489.9 . gach aon bhíos fíréanta ionnraic, TSh. 5245.

II As legal term,

(a) of persons, worthy, trustworthy, qualified to perform certain legal functions (e.g. to give evidence) : fiadna innraice `worthy witnesses,' Laws v 368.2 . With follg. gen. : rucus ba n-inraicc noilich fer ad-gair `ich entschied, der Mann, der rechtlich belangt sei des Eides würdig,' ZCP xv 361 § 46. is tualaing som forgell for cach recht, acht a da comgrad d'inraicaib `except the two orders who are of equal standing with himself,' Laws i 78.20 , glossed .i. acht na graid indraice data da cutrumus eneclainni, 84.5 Comm. dia mbet da fhiadain no a tri indruca oc a forgell, PH 3375. fri cuimne seanchad indraice `by the memory of respectable antiquaries,' iv 140.y Comm. (tr. Ériu viii 129.15 ). mas i.¤ ┐ esinnraic do-rala iman set cidh í in inraic aidhbres cidh aice aidhbrethar is lé a sena no a imdenam cidh bedh bus ail dó dhe ..., O'Curry 2151 (< Eg. 88, fo. 3c ). mas da innraic no da eisinnraic ro batar ar aird, no cidh indraic ┐ eisinnraic beas ar aird and ┐ ra fuachtnaigh rob neich dibh ropp a cheile, is a sena dun n-innraic no dun n-eisinnraic ar a lather go lucht a lan fira no a leithfira ma inraic, no cu lucht a lan arra no a leath arra mas eisinnraicc, O'D. 2330 (< Rawl. 506, fo. 35c ). nochan fuil dire na eneclann don innraic na denann maith da tochus, O'Curry 249 (< H 3.18, p. 144 ). madh eisinnraic lidhis ar innraic ┐ lan faisneis aigi da comlín a fuil on innraic uada da denum na diaigh , O'Curry 286 (< H 3.18, p. 158 ). As subst. : tabradh a lāim indraca , O'Curry 2151 (< Eg. 88, fo. 3c ). In the follg. exx., though referring to a person, indraic is treated as fem. : is hi in indruic do dena, O'Curry 1602 ( 23 Q 6, 4a ). má don indraic 'car aidbred hé fuaitgither, acht má le féin hé ..., O'D. 1651 ( H 5.15, 21 ). With confusion of gender : cidh í in inraic aidhbres cidh aice aidhbrethar is le a sena no a imdenam cidh bedh bus ail dó dhe, O'Curry 2151 ( Eg. 88, 3 ). Cf. O'Don. Suppl. s.v. iondraic.

(b) of articles, measurements, etc., of standard quality or quantity, complying with certain requirements, legal: .vii. fichit traiged di thraigthib innraicib métt a dúne, Críth G. 567. bairgen in(d)ruic nó dí bairgin banḟuini, 117 . leth dire n-airib ... co taisiuc innruic cach ae `half dire-fine upon them with perfect restitution of everything,' Laws ii 66.17 . caide in íme indric ? ... .i. caiti aichne na hime dligthigh, iv 112.1 and 19 . caide in íme indric ? Mad cora, cora tri liag, tri traigh a leithead, 112.1 . gleith dar indric (grazing on anothers land in spite of an obstacle which constitutes an `imbe indraic ,' in this case, a deep river), 126.19 Comm. tir ... nach eicin do frichnam tuair na slige ... ase innraic andsin (used of land in good condition), 276.12 Comm. clar innraic ... Da traig .x. a fod ┐ da traig a lethed ┐ traig a tiged dilius iarsin. Isé in biail innraic. Airtem fod a genned. Tri meoir lethed a foebuir ..., O'Curry 883 - 4 (< H 3.18, p. 395ab ). ad-mestar asa bēsaib inricib ibar, ZCP xi 94 § 34. dligid leth .uii. cumala indraca dia guin, O'Curry 255 (< H 3.18, p. 148 ). da traigid gu leith se ín ceím inraic `the lawful step,' Laws iv 214.19 Comm. it ē a frithḟolaidi-seom dond ḟir gráid .i. lá air n-indraic cech blīadna cona ṡīl `a proper day's ploughing each year ...,' Ériu i 220 § 14. cethramthu sella indraicc `a fair quarter of a sella,' vii 140.10 . mad fir m(b)idbod cæra innraic do suidi[u] 'if it be a fer midboth, a full-grown sheep for him' Bretha 30 § 13 .

Adv. in chruth as coir et as inricc sanctis .i. indinricc donaib nóibaib airitiu neich cuccuib `worthily, of the saints, to receive any one unto you,' Wb. 7b1 . bendacht ar cech óen mebraigfes go hindraic Taín amlaid seo faithfully , TBC-LL¹ 6206. is aire-sin atbel-sa co hindraicc am shenndattaig, PH 6559.

léimm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. léimm or dil.ie/29795

n, n. vn. of lingid. m. and f. IGT Decl. § 45.

(a) act of leaping, somet. act of moving (rapidly) (against), hence act of attacking: ba léim ro leblaingseom tarsin cathraig ammuich, LU 9077 ( FB 82 ). dammidethar fá dí día lémaim ┐ forémid, LU 9132 ( FB 88 ). focherdat a pupli i sudiu ┐ dotíagat día leimim inna carptib they come to jump it, LU 5216 ( TBC-I¹ 738 ). Cenel Eoghain do leim libh, / baire nach bia gan airimh that C. E. marches with you(?), Irish Texts ii 101 § 38 . deacair dom luing léim na tuinne, PBocht 1.26 . léim Teamhra ná tabhair d'aoidh `think not of rushing to T.,' DDána 105.23 . ag tocht dá léim coming to attack it(?), Aithd. D. 50.20 . mīlidh Chlāir Leamhna do léim, O'R. Poems 668 . inntleacht Meadhbha . . . / meallais mac . . . Damháin / do léim a chomhalta Con, DDána 104.20 . gan neart slóigh láinmhir dá léim attacking it, 119.15 . nach lamhthar . . . / léim na foraoise fásaigh `that no foe attack his wild lair', Aithd. D. 16.21 . lá don chraoisigh . . . / ag léim brogha, L. Cl. A. B. 239.74 . lucht léimthe léimeann gach tíre invaders(?), Keat. Poems 563 . gan léim eisde dhí dá diaigh without its smoke issuing from it(?), DDána 119.6 . ní asse linn ǽm léim dind béstatu et dind tinchosc inna ndóine for aisṅdíis di thuiste dúile `to leap from the morality and from the teaching of human beings to a declaration of the creation of the elements', Wb. 5c16 . bean ag léim le cóig gciallaibh / d'iarraidh Néill Óig `each lady, her five senses throbbing, seeks Niall Óg', Aithd. D. 15.24 . croidhe . . . / ag léim d'orghráin, Studies 1919, 257 § 10 . ag léim ó locht go locht, TSh. 1677 . léim thar uimhir éigcinnte to ignore(?), Content. vi 86.

(b) Folld. by words denoting strife, etc. rushing into: tú ag léim deabhtha is díchiollach, O'R. Poems 117 . ar léim gleóidh trē ghaillíat[haibh], 124 . ní lonn acht ag léim caithghliadh, DDána 117.39 . fear as leomhanda ag léim treas, 38 . ag léim gacha troda, 111.20 . Cf. léim fa ghaoibh géara `to charge against the sharp spears', Aithd. D. 30.33 .

(c) Freq. of passing from life to death: īar n-ar lēim ōr colainn crīn, ZCP vi 266 § 10 . go bfuair [sin] Tadg Luimnig léim till T. met his death(?), Caithr. Thoirdh. 122.6 . léim na huaidhe, PBocht 3.18 . léim fan lia, 2.6 . Cf. [dá cét b]liadan . . . / saegal F[inn ba fa]da in ré / co torchair gá léim aeisé, SG 150.31 .

(d) leap, bound : leim gl. saltus, Sg. 106b8 . saltus .i. l.¤ , Thr. Ir. Gl. 40.z . is inand saltus isin teangaidh laidianta ┐ léim isin Gaedailg, O'Gr. Cat. 301.26 . lēim .i. lū-ēim .i. lūud sēim hē, Corm. Y 835 . roretha, roléimenna, Tec. Corm. § 21.4 . la féimmed ind lemme dochúatár ind fir aile failing to make the jump, LU 9134 ( FB 88 ). ba dóig laisseom tra combad ó lémum dochúatár ind laith gaile tairse by leaping, LU 9131 ( FB 88 ). cleasaideacht is lēmenna, Ériu iv 174 § 8 . Cf. PH 892 . sitrech . . . na n-ech . . . ┐ a lemenda re gloraib na srian aca n-imnastad, TTebe 2332 . mo réim is rioth doill / fan bhioth do léim [loinn] `in eager haste', Aithd. D. 52.2 . l.¤ aithbe see aithbe. Fig. doiligh . . . / leanmhain [dá bhur] léimeannaibh vacillations, 79.11 . ? Cf. glor gan lacurán, gan léim, Hy Maine 132.28 . le n-a ngrádh ná tabhair léim do not contend for, Dánta Gr. 82.5 .

In chevilles: dia féil — ní léim ṅ-imḟann — / ascnam céim for caland no feeble progress, Fél. Dec. 31 . fa léim sodháin it was a fortunate step, DDána 113.5 . léim go luinne `bounding impetuously', Content. xxviii 29 . eistecht Mo Chutu léim ṅglan, LL 15562.

(e) beirid (do-beir) l.¤ leaps, bounds : da rugus léim suas iar sin, / a richt nathrach, Ériu iv 112 § 8. To Christ: rugais ocht léimeanna . . . léim a nimh, etc., Dán Dé xxix 18 - 19 . rugais léim . . . as an uaigh, 21 . léim do bhreith . . . a sádhaile na beatha so, TSh. 556.

(f) Of the gushing forth of water: an Múaid ag breith lémend lúidh, IGT Decl. ex. 1256 . léim buinne, L. Cl. A. B. 224.126 . tomhaidhm locha léim inbhir, Content. xxx 29 . san oidhche chéadna ro chlos / léim Bóinne `the springing forth of the Boinn', iv 30 .

(g) In nn. loc.: oc Leim ind eich, AU an. 586 . co Léim-mic-Neill, ii 212.17 . Léim an Eich, Keat. iii 1405. See also Hog. Onom.

Compd. ¤thelcun: agá lot ┐ agá léimthelgon `vexing him with plunging discharge of missiles', Caithr. Thoirdh. 23.16 .

See also s.vv. 2 bolg, 1 líne, 1 lige, lúth, 1 néim.

lethenach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lethenach or dil.ie/30054

Forms: lethanach

n m. (leth + 1 enech) Later lethanach. page of a book : l.¤ gl. pagina, Ir. Gl. 232 . lethanach `a page', Eg. Gl. 227. line . . . hi tús ind lethinig-sea, Ir. Gl. p. 60.4 . feib rosīacht in l.¤ do fhigled, sínis a thengaid d'impód na duille, MacCongl. 53.24 . gabh gusandara lethenach (sic leg.) it diaigh , BNnÉ 124 n.5 . fech leathanach ród (i.e. see the following page), Hy Fiach. 46.7 . nuimhir lethanach nō duill[e]óg na litre láimhi si, RSClára p. 154.16 (f. 162a) . san treas leathanach is caogad . . . da Chroinic, Keat. ii 6151 . cia an chaibidil? cia an duilleog, an leathanach . . ina bhfoghtar so?, Luc. Fid. 4278 .

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mí or dil.ie/32120
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: mí, mís, mís, mís, mís, mí, mí, mí, mís, misa, mís, mí, mís, mí, mí, mí, mhís, mhí, aonmhís, mísa, mí, mís, mis

n s, m., in Old and Mid.Ir. and later also f. n s. in mí , Thes. ii 17.34 ( Ber. 32b5 ). d s. isin mís , 39.26 . a s. mís, SCC 39. Laws ii 104.30 . g s. cech mís , Ml. 102c9 . caich mís , Thes. ii 19.34 ( BCr. 32c7 ). n du. in da mí , Laws iv 88.24 . a du. frisin da mí deac, Thes. ii 33.24 . g du. co cenn da mí , ib. 25 . n p. trí mís deacc, ib. 18 . secht misa , Laws iv 38.20 . g p. mís, Thes. ii 30.33 , 34 . In PH 276 d s. mí occurs, but mís, 2574 , 3517 . Later n a p. sometimes mí: secht mí , MacCarthy 300.2 ( BB 12b ). mí f., IGT Decl. § 97. d s. san mhís mairbh, ib. ex. 1758 (san mhí mharbh, incorrect). g s. aonmhís, ex. 1765 . pl. naí mísa , ex. 1759 .

A month: mí (gl. September, October), Ir. Gl. 1050 , 1051 . mí Mái, Fél. May 31. i mmis Enáir, SR 234. mi air .i. mí marta . . . mí iul ┐ mí buana .i. mi medhóin an foghmair, O'Dav. 1249. isin mís medonaig ind fogomair, LU 2951 ( SG 234 ). mí sílta(i) 'the month of sowing (= Spring?) ' Críth G. 538 , ZCP xxxii 80 . asberar secht misa fri samfuacht, Laws iv 38.20 . fri trí mísaib mórgemrid, Metr. Dinds. iii 370. mí is rathe is bliadain, SCC 29. co cend coicthigis for mís (i.e. six weeks), CRR 11. mí aescai lunar month, Thes. ii 10.4 . laa mis grene solar month, SR 265. laithe na mís ṅgréine, Fél. Prol. 321. cend maic mís of a month-old child, TBC-I¹ 1938. hi cind teora mís, PH 7217. go forcinn na missa sin, Fl. Earls 134.17 . a ndeireadh mí Iuil ┐ na mísand ana diaigh , O'Gr. Cat. 301.11. Advl. acc. of duration: anais mís ina farrad, SCC 39. batar secht mís for bliadain isin inad sin, PH 1914. Rarely dat.: ro boí noí misaib im áin, BColm. 16.22 . Advl. g s. cacha mis every month, monthly , Laws ii 390.14 , PH 336. dia mís (this) day month, a month hence: día mís ind dardaoin dognitir once a month on a Thursday, Mon. Tall. § 27. co tí . . . día míos that day month, ib. luid iarum dia mís da acallaim Fheradaig, LL 287a41 .

sel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sel or dil.ie/37021

Forms: seala, sell

n o, m. (but g s. seala, Acts xiii 25 ). See Thurneysen, ZCP viii 76 ff . Meyer, Wortk. 47 . A form sell occurs, in the earliest texts only in phrase fri sretha sell, SR 6395 , srethaib sell (: dilenn), 2595 (cf. Fél. 68.15 ) and adverbially before an adverb of place, e.g. súas sell sechtair, TBC-LL¹ 2645 . Originally a different word? seall .i. seal, O'Cl. See IGT Decl. § 95 ( Ériu x 127.23 ).

(a) a turn : cach la s.¤ dún for imrádud dé in s.¤ aile for precept `at one time meditating on God', Wb. 15d9 . Saul iar selaib fri sním | dorat mebail for Dauid, SR 6249 . for rínd slebhe ro-bhadhasa . . . gosa t[s]eal so anois. . . . Acht cheana ingnathach in seal sin anuas. Thurn. Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 24.15 - 16 . línais dano cilarnd . . . ┐ dális doib s.¤ cach thrir lee (i.e. one pitcherful was assigned by her to every three), LU 1818 . roscarsam friar n-amalla | oca mbimmís fri cach s.¤ `at which we were wont to be ever', Ériu v 211.89 feib roclass, iar selaib slúaig, | Emain la Macha mongrúaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 368.27 . nó mad fearr la tuaichliu tra | sell fri buaibthiu bladmara, ii 32.90 . ra chuirset ar selaib hí that they had arranged for it to alternate between them, O'D. 2259 ( Rawl. B 506, fo. 21a ). s.¤ for slēchtain . . ., | s.¤ for salmaib, | s.¤ ic scrútain flatha nime, | . . . | s.¤ for sáethar . . ., ZCP v 497 § 9 , § 10 [dú] seal dí dá gach dhuine, DDána 10.31 . hi lloch oighreta go neimh, | seal doibh ann, seal i tteinidh, Irish Texts iv 78 § 40 . gé beith seal étresi air, ii 25 § 3 . tabhraidh dhóibhsen a seal féin `their proper turn', O'Gr. Cat. 535.17 . ar gcoimhlionadh a sheala dhEóin (as John fulfilled his course), Acts xiii 25 . ba gnāth-bhēs bunaidh leō diaigh a ndiaigh gacha bliadhna a seal d'imchar in chanabī d'foghbhāil, Fl. Earls 190.1 . ro iarr B. orra seal an mhuilinn (i.e. a turn for having his wheat ground), Mart. Don. Feb. 15 . ní raibh agad innte acht seal `thy possession of her was but for a while', Oss. iv 28.10 . níor thuig a sheal d'fhagháil air `that he had only a spell of it' (of prosperity), A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 5 .

Freq. of the alternation of the right of succession as, for instance, between different branches of a family: conattaig side s.¤ a hathar don ríge, LL 20b14 . do gheall a seal don Mumain do, Caithr. CC 11.12 . i tig Temra nī bīa a s.¤ | in rī ac nach bīa in deichnebar, ACL iii 223.z . tanic co maccuib Dithorbæ in s.¤ flatha, 325.26 .

(b) a while, a spell : do bhádhas . . . | ag féachain na n-éan re seal, Oss. iv 28.6 . (? To this: fer robæ sund fria sella | Bricriu noithech neimtheṅga, ZCP viii 218 § 18 ). beatha shíor ar sheal ngairid, DDána 37.2 . gorta re seal mbliadhna, TD 15.29 . seal dá ré, TSh. 5326 (cit.). nach tabhair i ndíol gach uilc . . . acht maitheas bréige, ┐ gan acht seal do thabhairt air sin féin dó, 9948 . gur chaith seal bliadhan i bhflaitheas Mumhan `some years', Keat. iii 3335 . Adv. airisem hi fothrucad s.¤ bec iar nespartain, Mon. Tall. 144.8 . leigem sec[h]uinn seal go se | an cland so acht Ros fionn Failghe, LL 394.8 . de tanag tar Glend na n-echt | do beith seal ad coimedacht, Acall. 643 v.l. (= treall, text). seal beag re na bas, BB 444b27 . amal batar s.¤ fota ocin chomrád sin, LB 136b36 . tug . . . | secht ccatha seal sechtmuine, Rel. Celt. ii 295.30 . go ndéin beach dhi féin teach . . . | i n-a mbéidh seal go téagartha, Keat. Poems 379 . rí samlaid ni frith sunn s.¤ , SR 6999 . Fir Bolg batar sunna s.¤ , LL 8a19 . cia rādim nach s.¤ `at all times', BColm. 70.9 . imthūsa Moga N. innister sunn seal eile, ML² 448 . robaisium s.¤ 'na mnai ┐ s.¤ 'na fhir, TTebe 1630 . go ngebhdais righe an dara seal `that they would assume the sovereignty alternately', TFrag. 26.24 . Cf. in seal bes in cnedh ac brachad, Irish Texts v 3.z . seisem innti sealaib sealg, Lism. L. 3823 . do bhí seal ar fán, TSh. 2522 . cach ré s.¤ alternately : gach ré seal d'éis aroile, | i gceannas Chláir Úghoine, TD 26.14 . Muire i n-ar seilbh gach ré seal | gan m'fheidhm uile ar an aingeal, DDána 11.12 . ar s.¤ once upon a time: cōeco con is cōeca fer | luidhsidar leis sunn ar seal `upon a time', Fianaig. 54.17 . ni soinend acht ar selaibh only now and then, Acall. 2413 . do ṡ. for a while: mar bú leo Caiseal do sheal, BNnÉ 259.x . mad ó chintaibh an cind féin bes beidh an tennes do gnáth. ┐ mad ó'n gaile ní bí acht do thseal, O'Gr. Cat. 180.23 .

(c) Of space, a certain distance : luid ond indsi . . . | Deprofane s.¤ siarthuaith, SR 4010 . dara formna síar sell sechtair, LU 6546 . ro-mebaid loim cráo ┐ ḟola dar a bél sell sechtair, CRR 12 . ic tindsaitin a fola sell sís for crettaib na carpat, TBC-LL¹ 686 . dar a midguallib síar seal sechtair, TBC-LL¹ p. 357 n. 1 . tanic s.¤ bec seochom, Laud 610, fo. 25d . nodo-séiti gæth s.¤ siartúaidh isan n-ocian n-imechtrach, RC ix 18 § 12 . anmanda . . . na ceit[h]ri sruth filit s.¤ seachtar eistibh, BB 16a38 . tur roard romor s.¤ o mur na cathrach sin amach, TTebe 2646 . Iarmuma ō Lūachair sīar sell | cusin glenn thīar 'ca tā Drong, Ériu ii 50 § 6 . o 'tchuaid Ísu s.¤ bec uadib for leith, PH 3036 . tainic R. . . . a n-iarmhoracht na Padanach ┐ do bhi seal imgcian uatha, ITS xix 82.2 . téid an fiadh seal ón loch, Keat. iii 2146 . do chuir a' Gen. tóraighecht orro seal don tslighi, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 15.z .

See seilcill.

1 semrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 semrach or dil.ie/37087

n ā, f. (semar) IGT Decl. § 12 (61.11) . clover, shamrock : cécht ag (a, v.l.) lenmuin do leirg thúair | dúail do ṡemraigh deirg na díaigh , ex. 511 .

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