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1 dī ̆-, dē̆-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dī ̆-, dē̆- or dil.ie/15840

 

Forms: dí-, de-, dí-, dé-, de-, dim-, di-

Negative prefix before nouns, adjj., participles, verbals of necessity, and verbs: di- cech la cein is diultad, alaill is aidbliugud, Corm. Y 418 . Before consonants usually dí- (díchoisc, dígraiss, dílmain, etc.). Cf. déinmech (dí-gnímach). de- + ro gives a new prefix der-, q.v. Before vowels the form varies. dí-: díármithe, díainme, díaisndísiu, (all from O.Ir. glosses). díorpus (orba), Trip.² 1525 . With elision: dairmitiu, dermitiu (1 airmitiu), denim (ainim, also díainim unblemished), deithbir (aithber), delam (alam), deinmne (ainmne), dergnaid (érgnaid), dindell (indell) Before f-: dífulacht, diulacht (1 fulacht), díḟulaing, díulaing (fulang), díḟuráil (furóil), dífholaig (fulach). Diarmait, Dermait (format) (the earliest exx. are written thus but in later lang. Díarmait). dē̆olaid (folad) (deolid in Wb.: Eogain, LL). dē̆orad (dí-fo-rath) (no early rhyming ex., deóra: feóla, Met. Dinds.). dé-, de- in nonce-compds. to translate Latin de-: déainmmneichthech denominatiuum, dechomsuidigthe decompositum. désetaige gl. (vita) devia. See GOI §§ 831 , 873 . Lenites follg. initial. cenn, however, has its c mutated to g, e.g. dícenn, dígenn headless man (see O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 140 ). Before b the prefix takes the form dim-; dimbáeth (1 báeth), dimbág, dimblad, dimbláith, dimblas, dimbocc, dimbraig (bríg), dimbríg, dimbras, dimbuaid, dimbuan, dimda (2 buide). Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 214 , regards this as a development of di- before ml, mr spreading by analogy. GOI p. 543 , suggests that it may be a different prefix. Note also dimmolaid (molaid) disparages. Most freq. used with nouns to form adjectival compds. In these compds. o-stems and ā-stems generally take i-inflection, e.g. díaistir (aister), díaitrib, díáraig, díchéill, díchomlaind, díchuind, díradairc. Occasional exceptions are: díchomond (commann), díchondelg, and díoḟaosam (also diḟaessaim). As a number of these compds. were indistinguishable from the gen. sg. of noun preceded by dí- they are treated in the later language simply as attributive genitives, e.g. daíne dochla díchumaing, LU 3472 (see Bergin, Ériu xii 229 ). i-stems remain unchanged but gs. tends to be used in the later language, e.g. díainim, dícheist, díḟuráil but díaithgina, dichollna (colainn). u-stems remain unchanged (as far as the exx. serve), e.g. dígrád (grád love), dínním (sním), díṡolus. Nominal compds. formed from o- and ā-stems vary in inflexion, though on the whole they appear to resist the change to i-inflexion, e.g. díardain and díardan (ord(d)an) anger (but always díordain angry), díchretem and díchretim (creitem) disbelief, díchíall lack of sense (always díchéill senseless), dígrád dishonour (always dígráid adj.), díthrub, -thrab. Other stems remain unaffected: dígním, díchruth, deinmne (ainmne), dígallrae. The adj. gand gives dígaind lit. not scanty. Adjj. in -ech show no change and may be derivatives rather than true compds.: díchoimsech, díḟoirithnech, díthaithmech. Otherwise there is no change. With partt., verbals of necessity, and verbs: díáirmide, díaisneithe, díaisneisi unspeakable, díbrethe not to be borne, díerrethe not to be paid; díchenglaid, díchlannaid, dimmolaid.

díardain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díardain or dil.ie/15976

 

Forms: diartain

adj Also diartain. (dí + ordan, Stories from the Táin, Gloss.)

I Subst. anger, fierceness, contempt (?): cani seter latsu mo shnadudh airi (viz. against Cú Ch.)? or E. Seiter dino, ol F., acht namā ni tarta a rād fri dīartain (dīardain , LU), TBC-I¹ 1152 . coich cét cenn fri diartain tinn, SR 885 . co feirg ┐ diardan, H 3.18, 553a . d.¤ .i. fearg no gairbhe, O'Cl.

II Adj. angry, fierce, rough: d.¤ cach díscir, ACL iii 228 . gilla diardaind (: Liathdruim), AU 928 . ní lēim n[d]iartain (: fiaccail), Anecd. i 70 § 180 . golais iarom ba torm diartain, 59 § 75 . nangt[h]a .i. andsa nó d.¤ , O'Mulc. 832 . fear d.¤ .i. fear garbh no feargach, O'Cl.

díardaín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díardaín or dil.ie/15975

 

Forms: derdaín

n Also derdaín (mod. Ir. contamination of dardóin, q.v., and dia (dé) dardáin?) Thursday: Diardain deasgabala Ascension Thursday , Lib. Flav. ii 39va20 . diardaein mandal Maundy Thursday , 25vby 0 . derdain mandal, 39va7 .

díscir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díscir or dil.ie/16792

 

Forms: díscair, díscer, ro-discir

adj i. Occas. also díscair. Cf. díscer (subst.), TBC-I¹ 680 cited below.

(a) bold, fierce, wild; shameless: dasachtach, borb, d.¤ . . . alta fierce, rough, bold, mad, Eg. Gl. 216 , cf. 99 . d.¤, dóescair, dergnaide (of Lucifer), SR 948 . demon d.¤ , FA 30 . a dona deróil . . . d.¤ (to Satan), PH 3929 . badb discir dian, Cog. 174 . Of animals: cissí slabra in díscer-sa thall? (of deer), TBC-I¹ 680 = cochit na inili imda imdaiscaire (imdisgire S.), TBC-LL¹ 1317 . tucaitir dá óccdam disciri do chethrai Chonaill a F., = ii boues indomiti, Trip.² 2988 . fuaratar bás . . . ón muic dísgir, Fianaig. 54 . leomhan dísgir, Job x 16 . guth an leomhuin d.¤ , iv 10 . Of persons: cethernd discir, LL 29b42 . cain cach sái, discir cach dái every wise man is courteous, every dunce a bully, ACL iii 229 . diardain cach d.¤ , 228 . gach dona disgir daosgair, MS. Mat. 579 . nirbad roescaid ar nar bad discir forward, petulant, ill-bred, BB 65a29 . nir bat d.¤ dóichlech díummasach, LU 3467 . dronga dísgire deaghshluaigh, CRR p. 74 . Of actions: is mer, is dian, is discir . . . in tulscan trēnret[h]ae tuccsat, CCath. 5411 . nosnochtann . . . ger b'obair disccir deghmhná though 'twas a bold act for a virtuous woman, Leb. Gab.(i) 44 . Adv. tri heigme co ro-discir rodetla, Rawl. 87a48 .

(b) In connexion with derglomnocht, díscir orig. implies effrontery, but comes in time to be a mere expletive, the whole expression signifying merely utterly naked . deich mnaa ┐ secht fichit discir derglomnocht, TBC-LL¹ 1358 . fer d.¤ derglomnocht . . . gan nach n-arm gan nach n-etgud itir, 4243 . daeine dísgiri derglomnachta, Fianaig. 70 . rolēcsit uadaibh [e] discir derglomnocht, RC xiv 38 . foghbhaidh ┐ feannaidh nó go bhfágbhann dísgir dearg-lomnocht iad, TSh. 3674 . Likewise with díairm: ticc D. disccir diairm amach ar ionchaibh meic M. wholly unarmed , AFM v 1760 . roherailedh forra . . . tocht disccir diairm for eineach et ḟoesamh an Iustis, Hugh Roe 294 . Cf. further Laws v 134 : fer forindit caemdu .i. fer indisis a caemdu discir no derruit ar in mnai privacies (?). gur chruinnledar a éadach ina thimpchioll maccuaird gurba dísgair a dhaonnachd (= denocht) ┐ a íochtar óna chrios sís ris uncovered, bare , Eg. 154 p. 143 .

(c) mean, vile, insignificant (cf. discir .i. dis a cōir .i. beg, Corm. Y 455 ). fri persaind tróig ṅd.¤ nderóil mo shamla-su (in self-depreciation), MacCongl. 61 . go ttarla ogh doibh i reicles . . . ┐ lioss mbecc aca aga chlaidhe. —Dísccir hé, ol an ogh, cladhaidh an liss so as mō díbh that is a mean `liss', . . . dig this one which is the larger of the two (story of foundation of Lismore), BNnÉ 299 .

? nangtha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? nangtha or dil.ie/32968

 

Forms: angtha

adj difficult, rough: nangt[h]a .i. andsa nó diardain , O'Mulc. 832. Perh. = angtha with prosthetic n (cf. noll).