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adnacul

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adnacul or dil.ie/509

 

Forms: ad-anaig, annlacad, adlacad

n o, n. Later m. Vn. of ad-anaig. Later also annlacad (-an), adlacad. See adnacad.

(a) act of burying; burial, funeral: intain diagma-ni fo baithis is cosmulius a adnacuil ┐ a báis dúnni, Wb. 3a15 . im nemtiachtain do a.¤ na flatha, Laws i 186.19 Comm. a n-airet beas ac adhnacul ┐ ac idhnacul adhaltraighi, v 308.5 Comm. dia timna a adhnucal la athuir, iii 66.13 Comm. logh a adhnaccail díc funeral fees, O'D. 2341 ( Rawl. 506 fo. 38 ). ba bes lasna geinti a n-adnacal fo n-armaib, Trip.² 803 . a chuid dona cluichib do denam, comad moidi onoir ind n-adnocail, TTebe 2581 . na cuirp d'annlucudh, Stair Erc. 2200 . comberim linn ē don Brugh / ann is coír a annlucud, ZCP xiii 245.8 . a adlacad a Slicech, Ann. Conn. 1386 § 2 . ar cionn chorp . . . dá nadhlacan, SG 8.10 .

(b) grave, sepulchre: a.¤ nersoilcthe gl. sepulcrum patens, Ml. 22a11 . amal da marb i n-a.¤ , Wb. 20c26 . frisna fíradnacla, Ml. 83d3 . sírbuith i nadnaclaib, 69a8 . fri taeb adnacuil Abeil, SR 2224 . scailtir in carnd, taidbegar int a.¤ , Trip.² 1872 . frisna adnacula i n-adnaictis, Corm. Y 606 . ni chumdaigem adnocla na duma for marbu, Alex. 902 . ní eli ata san andlacadh, ZCP xi 140.8 . ca raibe an t-andluicedh sin, 6 . a timcill an adlaic[th]i comcruind, Maund. 69 .

(c) dirge, funeral song: ba hé a hannacol Maic Con indíeid a drúith, RC xiii 460 § 61 . ba hé a hannacol Saidbe . . . `mairg damsa de', § 62. Cf. annḟocal.

(d) Various: tri ced bairghen co ma tri / cios cairpri sin don airdri / gacha bliadhna lith gan locht / 'sa adhlacadh coa ardport and that it should be conveyed (?) to his chief residence, ZCP viii 116.5 . cach nadnacal cona urtechta imnai do eclais `grant', Laws iii 42.14 . caite techta cach adnacail o thuaith . . . imna ocairech tri seoit . . ., 18 (cf. idnacul).

agad, aiged

Cite this: eDIL s.v. agad, aiged or dil.ie/678
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: aiged, aigeth, agad, aghadh, aiged, aigead, aideadh, aghaidh, aighidh, agid, aigid, agaid, aghaidh, acchaidh, adhaigh, adhaid, aghaigh, agad, aiged, aigthi, aichthi, aighthe, aighid, aigthi, aichthib, aigthib, agthib, aghadh, aighedh

n f. aiged, Thes. ii 254.4 (Stowe Miss.) , aigeth, ibid. 5 . Not found in O. Ir. glosses (see enech). n s. agad, LU 4514 . aghadh, Dán Dé vii 35 . ind aiged , TBFr. 219 . aigead, Ériu xiii 58.1 . aideadh, BB 427a50 . aghaidh (: samhail), DDána 42.6 . v s. aighidh, ZCP xiii 174.9 . a s. agid, TBFr. 223 . aigid, Trip.² 313 . agaid, Lism. L. 2968 . aghaidh, Aithd. D. 61.21 . acchaidh, AFM v 1640.16 . adhaigh, Ériu v 190.480 . adhaid (sic MS.), ZCP vii 301 § 6 . aghaigh, Laws iv 258.1 Comm. agad, Dinds. 18 ( RC xv 312.15 ). aiged, Maund. 257 . g s. aigthi, CRR § 17 . aichthi, TTebe 930 . aighthe, DDána 85.1 . Proverbs vii 15 . d s. aighid, ACL iii 4.28 . n p. aigthi, Sc.M² 5 . d p. aichthib, Rawl. 163b13 . aigthib, TTebe 4115 . agthib, TBC-LL¹ 4210 . aghadh, aighedh f., IGT Decl. § 4 .

I

(a) face, countenance: mad i nadaid ri[g] 'if it be [a wound] in the face of a king ' Bretha 26 § 9 . mad a naigid rig tuat roferta(i)r fuil graine 'if a one-grain wound has been inflicted in the face of a king' 28 § 12 . niba diles a aighidh do aoir, Ériu xiii 13.20 . agad ḟochoel forlethan, LU 4514 (TBC). ind aiged do chumtachtai the face for its comeliness, TBFr. 219 . eter in ṁbrágit ┐ in n-agid ṅgil, 223 . aged ethiopacda slemangorm aci, MU² 689 . niptar aigthi carat im ḟleid, Sc.M² § 5 . comleithet a aigthi do derg-ór, CRR § 17 . ag ínred a aichthi `tearing his face', TTebe 930 . dob iomdha aighthe giall ngonta, TD 11.32 . deōr tromthoirsi / co tī tar abra ar n-aigthi-ni, ACL iii 234.18 . dar a aighid, 4.28 . a.¤ fedil see fethal.

By metonymy of persons: a haighidh fhīr woman of the true countenance, ZCP xiii 174.9 . fer ard uas aichthib Emna / diar chomainm Tadg . . ., Rawl. 163b13 .

(b) surface: aigead gach airgit, Ériu xiii 58.1 (See xix 117-8 ). ordlach i tiget cech lainde dib . . . co m-ba haiged oir uli lais ár medon, Alex. 581 . dar aigthib sciath, TTebe 4115 . mar chaoin aighthe cupa ó cheard, DDána 119.34 . ar aighidh mhín Mhaonmhuighe expanse , Ériu v 66.8 . a haghaidh ghléigheal . . . (of a hill), TD 4.5 . ?ria n-aidche agaig (leg. agaid), Ériu iv 162 § 25 . fa aghaidh na firminnte across the face of the firmament, Aithd. D. 61.21 . ag cur bhairr ┐ aighthe mo bhaisi deisi . . . palm of my right hand, Parrth. Anma 1020 . ar aighthibh . . . an aigein, ML 48.10 .

(c) front: meitheal dar bh' aghaidh sinn súd we were in advance of that working-party, DDána 42.6 ; cf. baluid dia lethagid in luirg, ┐ tanic dia lettáib, TBC-LL¹ 651 ( LL 8103 ).

(d) shape, form, appearance: aen dib a fuath duine, ┐ aroile a ndeilb dhuim, ┐ anaill a naigid ilair, Grail 3399 .

(e) honour (see 1 enech II): dar cend aigthe Conculainn `for the sake of C.'s honour', RC xiv 428 § 52 . tuc Eochaidh a aenrosc do dar ceann a aigti, BB 383a35 . ar son a einich .i. ar son a aighthe, O'Cl. s.v. eineach. Cf. do tabairt aighti doib giving countenance to them, ZCP v 42.30 ( BCC 123 ).

Note also: ic fóbairt aigthe a feirgge for Troiánu, LL 236b22 ( TTr. 1458 ).

II In phrases implying motion, intention etc. (a) With follg. FOR, FRI etc.:

(a) dob aghaidh ar éttualang (of an impossible undertaking), AFM v 1646.1 . agaid for Ath Cliath to attack A. ALC i 2.19 . is tráth aighthe ar Allmhurchaibh, DDána 85.1 . fa neimhleasg liom aghaidh air `I was in no wise loth to approach it', TD 11.7 . ní hésgaidh linn ort aigheadh, IGT Decl. ex. 826 . a n-aighthe ar in sen-fhairrgi making for the sea, Fl. Earls 58.7 . aghaidh dhamh-sa do fhios Bhriain, Hard. ii 202.11 . déne prostrait ┐ t'aiged fri talmain face downwards, PH 454 . a agaid fria lochtaib, PH 8227 .

(b) With attá: ni bḟuil bur n-aighedh le clesaibh riderachta, RC xxix 112 § 8 . is indess ro boí a aged [.i. do Temraig], Trip.² 1011 . Note also: aghaidh gach droichsgéil amach! all evil away from us! Dánta Gr. 9.1 .

(c) do-beir a.¤ co, fri turns towards, makes for: tucsat agaid a long gu . . . turned their ships towards, Lism. L. 2968 . mad cucainni dobera Conch. ┐ Ulaid a n-agaid if C. and the U. make for us, CRR § 21 . tugaisse aghaidh ar Ifearnn, Aithd. D. 70.21 . do bhert a aghaidh ar uaithnibh `he directed his course by Uaithne', AFM vi 2144.20 . tuc an toiced a haghaidh ar in rí, fortune turned her face towards the king, Expugn. Hib. § 64 . tug R. / aighidh ar an lucht rosling `R. has turned to the people who had defeated him', Studies 1919, 256.3 . tucsat a naigid innaenfecht for Leth Cuind attacked, SG 369.2 . ( LL 299b1 ). tugadar a n-aighthe ar airgne ┐ ar éadála . . . do thiomsughadh turned their attention to, Maguires of F. § 13 . ro thriallsat . . . aghaidh do thabhairt ar dhol a nulltoibh `attempted to effect their passage', AFM v 1854. 13 . gibe ealadha ara ttiobhra duine aghaidh whatever science a person may turn to, Rule of Tallaght § 67 . tug a aghaidh res an uile he faced everybody, DDána 15.9 . Note also: tar Carrthaigh . . . / cuir aghaidh na himeirche tar cuan L. face the band over the shore of L., DDána 74.49 .

III In prepositional phrases.

(a) before, in front of (with AR, FOR, FRI, I N-, LA): nemhsgathmhar ar a.¤ a eascarad `undaunted before his enemies', Rel. Celt. ii 196.6 . an tan curtar ar aigid na gréne é when it is exposed to the sun, O'Gr. Cat. 259.8 . magh . . . do bī ar a n-agaid before them, ML² 1039 . ercid is-in less ar bar n-agaid, PH 4371 . for agid Tripolim, Rawl. 71b6 . Eoin re haghaidh an leanaibh in the presence of, Dán Dé xi 18 . fuair cricha na hEtáile re [a] aghaidh before him, CCath. 1225 . dogní munterus fri-a n-aichthibh they pretend friendship to their faces (opposed to behind their backs), PH 7704 . rucait i n-agid ríg Lochlainne they were brought before the kings of N., CRR § 13 . Peadar abstal na aghaidh / do shéan Iosa `in His presence', A. Ó Dálaigh li 11 . do radh go im agaid `to my face', MR 76.14 . Cf. an president . . . do shuidhe lé hacchaidh Sruthra `laid siege to S.,' AFM v 1640.16 .

(b) towards, in the direction of (with i n-): tainic . . . N . . . ana aigid-seom, Trip.² 313 . na daine do rala do na aigidh who met him, Laws iii 178.12 Comm. erigid-siu 'na agaid go to him, TTebe 4179 . dodechaid bó dasachtach ina agaid `came towards him', RC ii 398 § 37 . guais don tí nach tabhair lón / i n-aghaidh na dtrí dtionól (of Judgement Day), Dán Dé xxii 32 .

(c) against (with FRI, I N-): táinic Seth . . . is misi ann re aguidh `where I was awaiting him', Ériu iv 116 § 21 . do ordaigedar . . . a forairedha do c[h]ur re h-agaid Eōgain on the watch for E., ML² 445 . roeiridh an abhond ré aigid the river rose against him, TTebe 3582 . ba tearc d'Ultaibh re a aghaidh `few of the Ulaid would resist him', Aithd. D. 8.4 . ro chansat-side brechta druidechta ina agid, LU 4028 ( SCC § 48 ). in fer ro bai ina adaig i.e. his opponent, Laws iii 218.7 Comm. i n-agthib na srotha sain against the current, TBC-LL¹ 4210 . ata comaimserdhacht ina adhaigh sin there is a synchronism contradicting that, Ériu iv 144 n.19 . is amlaidh ata in leiges a n-aiged na nadura, RC xlix 25.z .

Up (of a slope, steps, etc. with I N-): cloch mulind do chur ana agaid shlebe to roll a millstone up a hill, TTebe 1669 . a n-aghaidh in staigri upstairs, Fl. Earls 218.16 . anagaid aird uphill, Maund. 31 . cuirid i n-a.¤ opposes, contradicts: doirbh leis an gcorp cor 'n-a aghaidh, Dán Dé xix 3 . doreir baramhla na ndaeine nglic nach fuil cur ina agaid accamsa `to which I do not object', Maund. 157 . gan ar breith do neach dhíobh freasabhra ná cur 'n-a aghaidh, Keat. iii 102 . ro chuir ina acchaidh a aindliccheadh ┐ a eccóir fair `upbraided him', AFM vi 1972. 10 . do-icc i n-a.¤ : na tecait i n-agaid in rechta atharda, IT i 170.9 . ní fetar teacht a n-agaid chainti an chumachtaigh sin, TTebe 1075 . tāinic O . . . . i n-a aghaidh sin O. disputed that, ML² 612 .

(d) for (with FRI, I N-): iasg i n-aibhnibh re a aghaidh `for him the fish fill the rivers', Aithd. D. 36.3 . aingeal re haghaidh gach aoin, Dán Dé xxiii 3 . dogēn-sa in cētna at agaid I shall do the same for you, ZCP xiii 181.z . i n-aghaidh mo dhísle dhuid / m'ḟaghail is tríbhse tánuig in return for, TD 14.37 .

(e) for the purpose of (with FRI, LA): fri agad bretha ┐ cocerta, Dinds. 18 ( RC xv 412.15 ). aingeal re haghaidh smachta an angel to correct (Michael), Dán Dé xiv 4 . fri h-aighid a biata `to prepare food for them', MR 50.18 . go mbeittis i náon ionadh re hacchaid báis an fhior-naoimh, BNnÉ 273 § 246 . lé haghaidh Somhairle do cennsucchadh, AFM v 1820.12 .

(f) on the point of, about to (with FRI and vn.): atámúid re hadhaigh catha do chur we are about to give battle, Ériu v 190.480 . do bí M. . . . le haghaid sil éorna do chur, BNnÉ 232 § 146 . re haiged techta duinne cum in gleannasa `before we entered', Maund. 257 .

(g) as an offset to, corresponding to, instead of, etc. (with I N-): ro badur bessa ac na mnáib sin a n-aghaid mathusa na fer sin as a counterpart to, Acall. 7310 . cid fodera foimeilt in ferainn do dul a n-aghaigh na eineclainni annsin? `what is the reason that the use of the land goes (is set) against the honor price in that case?' Laws iv 258.1 Comm. 'na aigid sin in compensation for that, TTebe 1633 . Aed mac T. do athrigad . . . ┐ Aed mac F. do rigad doib ina adaig in his place, Ann. Conn. 1350.9 . luagh i n-aghaidh th'anshóigh, Dán Dé xii 12 . bliadhain i n-aghaidh na h-uaire a maireann an t-éiclips uirre féin a year for every hour, Corp. Astron. 158.4 . i n-aghaidh a ndearna dhóibh / do shaothar is do sheanmóir in return for, Dán Dé xi 24 .

(h) In Laws in phr. ar a a.¤ féin on one's own, in one's own right: ara aigid fen a ænur, CIH vi 2281.13 (Uraicecht Becc) . no ara aigidh fein, UR 102 § 2.11 . o bus orgain airlechta in druith ar a aigid fein a aenar, cin adhbar, cin bidbanas `of his own accord', iii 158.8 . a lan dic ar a aighidh fein, 244.y. eneclann don triur is uaisli bis and ar a naigid uodein `on their own account', i 164.21 . .x. samaisci ar a n-aigid bodein `at their own natural value', v 66.28 .

IV In adverbial phrases.

(a) a.¤ i n-a. (FRI, AR, DO etc.) face to face (with). atáit dá clar-cisdi mora ann in n-agaid a n-agaid, Todd Nenn. 94.x . ragab tilaig agid i n-agid dona sluagaib, TBC-LL¹ 4557 . agid fri agid is Glenn Mamra directly facing, Rawl. 73a31 = is and ata sein aigid d'aigid fri glend Mambra, BB 6a9 . ag feitheamh na Tríonnóide aghaidh ar aghaidh face to face, Ó Héodhusa 54.16 . In Laws Comm. of things set off against each other: a da nindlighedh aghaidh inaghaidh, Laws ii 140.12, 78.29, i 114.5 .

(b) ar a.¤ forward, ahead: buille air aghaidh a step forward, Donlevy vi 19 . do chum gnothuighe móra ar nanama do chur air aghaidh `to help on the great affair of our salvation', 444.19 . ag dul ar aghaidh going forward, TSh. 10793 . Sometimes with poss. referring to subj. of prec. vb. toircidh . . . ar bar n-aghaidh, `right a head', Cog. 86.14 . triall do b'áil ar a haghaidh, Aithd. D. 81.2 . ara aghthib ┐ ara culaib forwards and backwards, CCath. 3612 .

(c) In Laws Comm. do a.¤ , for a.¤ of improper motion of flail: in cet sceinm do leth da aghaidh forwards, Laws iii 222.8 Comm. ata leth aithgin ann for a aighidh when it slips forward, y. noco naithfegtar acht aighidh nama account is taken only of slipping forward, 224.2 .

Compds. With adjj.: abach . . . agedban, CCath. 4099 . occlaech . . . agedchain fairfaced , CCath. 6026 . Aeneas . . . fer imlethan aideadhdherg red-faced , BB 427a50 . gach inad uiscidhe, agaid-fhliuch flooded , MR 256.15 . da óclach . . . agaidhgeala, TBC-LL¹ 4346 v.l. in allchnocoip agadlethnaibh broadfaced, CCath. 5634 . ind fir athlaim agedmóir broad-faced , LL 20345 . With noun: dá lethantrosdán . . . ag imachar a haighedhcnám front bones (shin-bones?), Caithr. Thoirdh. 104.y .

aidbred

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidbred or dil.ie/841
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: aidbreda, aidhbriudha, aidhbridh

n u and o, [m.] Vn. of ad-fíri, g s. aidbreda, O'D. 1631 (H. 5.15, 17a). aidhbriudha, 2423 ( Rawl. B. 506, 55a ). aidhbridh, O'Dav. 111 . For the meaning act of publicizing, drawing attention to see Ériu xx 62 . act of suing, claiming: nech nád cumangar do aidbriud nó do díriuch `who cannot be sued', Ériu ii 208 § 27 . aidbriudh .i. agra, ut est eitiri rig, ar ní cach is tualaing a aidhbridh .i. a agra, O'Dav. 111 . ar ni tualaing nech acrai na aidbriudai domnaig, Anecd. iii 23.9 . es coitchend di cech oen a aidbriud ┐ a tobach, 3 . is fo līn n-aidbriudui tēid an fiach-so do neuch dib dodboing, 22.20 . ni bi aidbriud carud no coibdelchae mani acrai . . . cen dīc[h]ill, 21 . diamat do fir in aidbreda no léicfithea a imdénma, O'D. 1631 (H. 5.15, 17a). ac a.¤ a sét ac duine is isli inás, 1632 (ib.). uar aidhbriudha, 2423 ( Rawl. B 502 , 55 a). in sét aidhbriudha the `sét' which is the subject of a claim, 2418 (ib.). in bó aidbriudha, Laws ii 42.17 Comm. mana ti aidhbred, iv 236.11 Comm. bera aidbriudh taidhbi cor `a suit will set aside an unfair contract', 268.15 Comm. in neimidh uil acon aidbredh, v 216.10 Comm. aidhbriugh .i. indilsiugud ut est ar ni haidbriugh for foth(?) forlengar for dilsi, Ériu xiii 54 § 1 = O'Dav. 941 . Cf. aidbriudh .i. inndilsiugud, ut est aidbriudh molta .i. inndilsiugud, O'Dav. 56 . aes aidbredha ainme for incaibh ind rig, Laws i 72.29 ; 'people who would publicize the blemish on the king's face,' Bretha 62 = arna beth druth na hoinmid ann arna toirbeitis a ainme ina inchaib, Ériu xvi 38 § 7 ; 'lest they should taunt him with the blemish in his face' Bretha 62 . ar aithbriuth a anmae, O'Curry 64 ( H 3.18, 23a ). is lethiu enech ríg aidbriud `for a king's honour is wider than any claim', Triads 235 . aidbris . . . in claideb ┐ dorigni tecta n-adbriuda occa he made their claim according to law, IT iii 200 § 65 . cen guin gan aibriud gan atgabail, BB 370b36 . óenach . . . / cen chron cen aidbriud cen dáil, Metr. Dinds. iv 150.59 . ? for ar dianarlib / Dia dom aidbresa (adhbred-sa, aithbresa v.ll. , ZCP x 345.z ) / Crist dom ditisea, LU 1165 . aidhbriudh .i. cronughadh, O'Cl. Drawing attention to a blemish and thus shaming the victim in public Bretha 62 : coirpdiri cacha cneidi cacha aidbrida co rici ocht naidbridha dec cen etirimdibe baill ┐ ma ta eitirimdibe baill is a.¤ ar fichit, Laws iii 346.5 Comm. in rann othrusa no aithgina uil and is ar oenach reithes no ar tri haidbredaib ┐ nucon ar daigin tuba na hainme do rine fer aidbrida a iarfaigid and, 19 Comm. mas ar aidbriudaib is ar da aidbriud dec ┐ ma ta imdibe baill is ar .u. dec rethis, O'Curry 232 ( H 3.18, 126 ). la set cach aidbriuda ima ruide rus 'a sét for every advertisement for which [his] cheek blushes ' Bretha 40 § 31 .

áilsed

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áilsed or dil.ie/1069

 

n neglect, negligence: ní rop á.¤ (: tháinsem), Fél. Ep. 522 . ní hadlicgi álsidi. a ḟasnís do ócaib Ulad, LL 11488 ( TBC-LL¹ 4768 ) = ni hadlaic ailseda. Aisnes d'ocaib Uladh, TBC St. 4012 (? read ni hadlaic a.¤ a aisnes, ed.). á.¤ (ailsi, v.l.) nadma i.e. neglect of the `naidm' 's duty to levy execution against the defaulting principal, Críth G. 305 and p. 101 ; Bürgschaft p. 60 f. tobhach gin aillsi . . . ┐ dia nderna aillsi tobhaich is tri seoit fair, O'D. 573 ( H 3.17, 442 ). trí seoit air i nailsed tobaigh, 1689 (H. 5.15, p. 30b). letrait gach an (aon, v.l.) doberait aillsedh fora leas, O'Dav. 1542 (cf. O'D. 2228 , Nero A vii 153a). cen eislis .i. cin ailsead lesa na flatha, Laws ii 268.24 Comm. cen ni [i]mgona acht ni ailse na dindruide .i. cen co derna imgoin he acht na raibh a nailsiudh imgona, iii 54.4, 56.11 Comm. cona boi dic[h]ell no ailsec[h]t (leg. ailsed) ic slógh dibh, CCath. 5543 . aillsi .i. faillige, O'Cl.

airchor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airchor or dil.ie/1753

 

Forms: airchair, aurchora

m. Vn. of ar-cuirethar. g s. airchair, LU 5093 . aurchora, 5764.

(a) act of putting forward, extending; extens ion: ni haurchor saegail damsa in breath ron-ucus, BDD² 216 `it is not an extension of life to me', p. 76 . dommí aurchur amsere, IT iii 53.22 ( FS Mackay 230 ). sutrall . . . for lassad co léir / . . . / iarna terchur fri dídnad / cen herchur cen airdíbdad, SR 4372 (for airchra?).

(b) cast, shot: focheird N. . . . aurchor dó, LU 5764 (TBC). focheird . . . airchur trén forsinn-ailig, SR 6154 . guma cuigi budein no berad in t-urcur, Laws i 6.8 . tārlaic urchor do gaī mór form-sa, Sc.M² § 10 . do-leci . . . tri haurchuru forru ┐ is traidiu dusfanic int erchor dedenuch quam in tossiuch, ZCP xx 219 § 5 . co táirthed . . . in n-urchur dollécéd asa thailm, LU 5160 (TBC). bla liathroit urcur faichi prim cathrach, Laws iii 252.17 (perh. in sense (c), Plummer MS. notes). bud aurchor deoraid sin ┐ ni ba hicht urraid, TBC-LL¹ 1288 . meni arrais din chétbulli no din chéturchur, 1282 . ro gab int inar ┐ tuc urcur isin tened de threw it into the fire, Cog. 142.16 . tuc rogha n-urchair di masterly shot, Comp. CC 121.16 . guro cuir in tond urcur dib . . . ic calad na hEperi `the wave cast them into the harbour of E'., CCath. 3360 . snidis urchor d'ōenuball dó, MacCongl. 51.3 . ro athchuirset da urchur . . . eturru, MR 254.16 . téid crann ó Dhonnchadh fa dheóigh / bann tar orchar in áirseóir, IGT Decl. ex. 1309 . aga imdhiden ar urcuraibh a escarnamud, ZCP vi 57.6 . toisech M. do marbad annsin d'oenorchur tsoigti, Ann. Conn. 1288 § 5 . díc uiscidhi co n-urchur saigte a fidhbac fora lethi `an arrow-flight in breadth', Marco P. 123 . gur tolladh . . . d'urchor d'ubhall í i bparrthas (of the human race as represented in Adam), TSh. 2549 . a.¤ imruill a shot that misses, see imroll. In proverbial expressions: orchar re haill a shot in the dark(?), DDána 93.6 . urchor i n-aghaidh ruaige flogging a dead horse(?), 101.29 . Fig. d'urchar aithrighe, DDána 58.6 . Of a person: slat an urchair ioldánaigh `scion of artistic cast', Arch. Hib. i 91 § xvi .

(c) As measure of length: aurchor snedar cach leth is é córus a airlise, Críth G. 219 . an turcar cuires uadha an boaire dhí sin (i.e. the cnairseach) ┐ aé na tsuighi a ndorus a tighi ┐ así maigin digona in boaire um a setaib, Laws iv 226.11 . teora foirge ┐ urchar flescaidh, 126.10 Comm. da cuaid M. ed urcair re cach advanced the length of a cast in front of the rest, Cog. 168.27 . ruc Créide . . . edh urchair do mnáibh Eirenn, SG 112.14 . See 2 ed. fot n-aurchora on cathraig a stones' throw. LU 9136 ( FB § 88 ). no téigtis fot n-ahurchara riam, BDD² 138 . buí fot n-ahurchara etarru, 300 . rót n-airchuir see 1 rout.

(d) Concrete, the dart or weapon discharged: honnaib cetnaib erchuraib gl. primis telis, Ml. 34a13 . erchoraib gl. iaculís, 75b8 . Note also: airchur arathir (air chura rathir MS.) gl. temo, Thes. ii 48.35 .

(e) ni dlegar fochruic na urcor dib, O'D. 560 ( H 3.17, col. 439 ) (`? contribution, cf. English shot', Plummer MS. notes).

aithḟégad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithḟégad or dil.ie/2645

 

m. vn. of aithḟégaid.

(a) In Laws Comm. act of considering, taking into account, reckoning with (of a fine or payment or other legal prescription): maig[n?]i ┐ cricha d'athfegad as in baile in ro gabadh iat co forus in feicheman toich[e]da places and territories are to be taken into consideration (i.e. with regard to the feeding of cattle on the move from one place to another), i 110.25 . co na beth re niubaili daithfegadh riu . . ., acht aithgin dic don athair ann, ii 170.19 . nocha nfuilit beo sgartha daithfegadh itir in cele ┐ a ri fein are not to be considered, 316.5 . co na beth eniclann n-aissi d'athfegad doib itir no co roistis fuiririud a n-aisi that no honour-price . . . be taken into account in their case . . ., v 86.15 . Perh. also: atat da aithfeghad for imchomarc .i. imchomarc iar n-inni thoirni ┐ imchomarc iar n-airbhirt nan-airbírenn bith two points of view(?), Auraic. 1894 .

(b) comparison (betw. two things). Note the transitional ex.: nochum ḟuil cuibdius daithfegad eturru ┐ aiti ┐ muime there is no proper basis of comparison between them (him?) and the fosterparents, Laws ii 184.2 Comm. Also perh.: int athfegadh mete no laiget . . . rodealbh Dia eter duilib the variation in size, Auraic. 913 . Commonly in phr. i n-a.¤ folld. by gen. in comparison with: robo duí side i n-athfégad Choluim Chille, LU 573 . is nefní cech ní in athfhegad na gorta, LB 157a32 . ba dīmbrīgh leō ina ffuarsett ó nach n-aon oile i n-aithfēgadh in ro-derlaic siumh dōibh what they received from others seemed to them petty in comparison with his gifts, ZCP xiv 223.15 . trom an aithfeghadh na teinedh ┐ etrom a naithfeghadh an uisci heavier than fire and lighter than water (i.e. air), Ir. Astr. Tr. 10.3 . nir bó damhna eccaoine an ro milleadh d'ór . . . in aithfhecchadh in ro milleadh . . . do daoinibh, AFM vi 2012.16 . ba cennais cach corugad in aithfegad innill, MR 216.13 . nach fiú ēnnī a dhōlás a naith- fhéuchain phian n-ifrinn, Parrth. Anma 717 . ic athḟescain na [d]uabordelbi, TBC-LL¹ 2747 .

anál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anál or dil.ie/3335
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: anál

n ā, f. Orig. vn. of anaid. Celt. Verb p. 186 . Pedersen, Litteris ii 77 - 94 (Best Bibliogr.), LEIA anál f. IGT Decl. § 149 . n. sg. anáil, Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 58 § 31 . act of breathing; breath: donanáil gl. anele, Gild. Lor. gl. 123 ( anhela, Du Cange , see Ascoli xxxiii ). ic egmig impu . . . fot a n-anali till out of breath, LU 1902 ( RC x 56.15 ). anála fer ┐ ech, 9246 . anáil nathrach, 5442 (TBC). rob imda airech . . . ica urgabail ar n-urnaidm a anala air through shortness of breath (of fleeing men), MR 318.11 . tocbaid bar n-anála i núachtur bar cléib du bar n-étrummugud tairis, Mer. Uil. 65 . tromtínfed a mbrenanala, BB 495a8 . bolad fína lía anóil (: óir), LU 3640 ( SCC 31 ). a.¤ mnáa lat ingin breathes like a woman, Fing. R. 373 ( ZCP iii 5 § 14 ). omun iar sin hi cride / iss a.¤ hi trommchride (on the situation (in the body) of the passions and propensities), ACL iii 223.10 . lán dom anáil ón uabhar puffed up with pride(?), Studies 1924, 87 § 16 . cuir mar thúis anáil th'ochta / fam ghnúis d'fhagháil fhurtochta, DDána 67.30 . goill dom athchur 'sdom arguin / . . . / rug a hanáil óm inntinn, 90.5 . do-bhir dá ḟine a n-anáil `who gives life to his kinsfolk', TD 32.80 . lé anáil na nél um nóna / fér ag fagháil chóra a críaidh, IGT Decl. ex. 1153 . d'anáil óirmheirgeadh the breeze caused by the waving of ensigns, L. Cl. A. B. 100.200 . lé séideadh nó lé súghadh a anáile, TSh. 1896 . oiret anala géoid the slightest breath, RC xxiv 381.18 . táinig d'anáil chuaigh fa Chormac `such fumes arose from the goblet', TD 29.34 .

In various phrases. do-beir a.¤ fo breathes on: a ndorat a anáil foí when he blew under it (of a fire), Trip.² 132 . tuc a a.¤ fai iarsin `the Devil breathed on him them', BCC 454.28 . do-beir a.¤ for: dobeir an sacart secht n-[an]ála Dē for a muin the priest breathes seven breaths of God on his back (significance obscure, apparently a form of appeasement), BColm. 96.27 . dobeir íarum an t-airchindech secht n-anāla Dē for a muin corigci an lic i ndorus a tighi apad, 29 . gaibid ar (for) a.¤ : no co ngaba for thrí ara anáil till he thrice holds in his breath, Mer. Uil. 135 . rogab for a anáil, CCath. 2072 . do léici, léicid a.¤ exhales breath: crét tái cen t'anál do lécud immach? PH 8136 . ro teilgedh a anál, CCath. 2164 . aithinne dubh . . . léicis Mlaise a anáil foillsigh / fúithib gur shoillsigh, SG 27.33 . dia ttealccat an lucht úd a n-anala get breathing time, AFM v 1766.24 . do-léici, léicid a.¤ do: ma tarlaic a nanala doibh if he gave them a breathing space (of driving cattle), O'Curry 2325 ( Eg. 88, 25 (26)b ). ro léc a tri nanala doib, O'Curry 2341 (ib. 26 (27)c ). intan dorelced mo anāl damsa provided I can breathe, TBC-I¹ 2192 . nír léig Gall ort a anáil 'no foreigner breathed upon you', Giolla Brighde 40 § 5 .

In descriptions of heroes' feats (precise application not clear): rothchless ┐ otar ┐ cless for análaib (of Cú Chulainn), LU 5972 (= gless (cleas St.) for a.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 2111 ). eter chles for análaib ┐ ubullchles ┐ siaburchles, 8442 ( FB 30 ). léim tar neimh ┐ cleas fur anala, RC xxix 128 § 35 . ro clisius for analaib / uasa uíb ( ? uas aúib) na n-ech, LU 9345 . immasleig cach la beirt immin n-araid gabáil na n-ésse biid uasaib ┐ análaib, 9294 . Cf. in descriptions of fighting: is amlaid bís mo chú . . . oc imguin ós analaib, TBC-LL¹ 531 . arfich ó aíb ech ┐ analaib fer, LU 8347 ( FB 24 ). atrácht a én gaile osa anáil co m-búi for folúamain imma chend (of Hercules), LL 225a48 ( TTr. 600 ). rachomaicsigsetar na catha da ceile . . . co raeirgetar a n-eoin gaile ósa n-analaib, 239b42 ( 1706 ).

Of recitation, ref. to the number of words, etc. to be spoken in one breath: intan ba roscadh . . . cindas nothomsidhe? . . . do focul forba anaile no-taispenta don choiceadh focul, uair is coic focail romesadh i n-anail in filed by a word completing a breath which was indicated by the fifth word . . ., Auraic. 930 = 3860 . dilius do bair[d]ne a tomus et coir n-anala their measure and correct phrasing (lit. breathing), 3528 . is é cóir nanála .i. narop sia las in bfer nít gaib (= nodgaib ?) ó aná[i]l cen (leg. cech ?) leth ┐ gach cethruma inás a céile, ar na roib cam .i. cin claen dona claenaib . . . that the man who recites it in (one ?) breath may not prolong any one couplet or any one line more than another(?), O'D. 1222 (H 2.15, 86b). Of the chanting of psalms: a sailm iar fersaib ┐ linib ┐ adhantaib ┐ analaib, Laws v 24.9 Comm. oc cetul a shalm . . . for aillib ┐ annalaib ┐ ernalib, MacCongl. 13.11 . Of the recitation of a magic formula: D. doroine dic[h]etal do cennaib for enanail do cuingidh feraind for C., LL 392b53 . Similarly: for óenchoiss ┐ óenláim ┐ óenanáil rachain dóib insin uile, LU 6983 = BDD² 562 . Legal: tucait mbinniusa .i. a foclaib ┐ a nanalib diction and enunciation (of speaking in court), O'D. 849 (H 3.17, c. 603). fot naen anala do boaire, ┐ .u. focuil inti, a dó do filid . . . a tri do flaith . . . a secht do eclais, ┐ nai focail cethrachat indtib, O'Curry 698 (H 3.18, 337). go deich do foclaib ┐ vii nanala don eclais ┐ vii focail in cach anail . . . da anail don fili ┐ v focail in cach anail, 227 (122).

On the connection between a.¤ and poetic art (aí), see Celtica vi 215 ff. do glaine n-anáile, Ériu xiii 37.15 . do-glind anáil / ailibh caoinibh / inghen gaoithe . . . eisimh teisimh / eallaing, teallaincc, 16 . a hainm (i.e. aí) i ccaoimthecht fria hanail, 39.24 .

Compd. anal-utmall of quick breath, panting , CCath. 4956 .

1 blicht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 blicht or dil.ie/6139

 

Forms: mlicht

n u, m. Mid. Ir. form of mlicht. b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 71. Cf. b.¤ socharthanach sercce, Études Celt. i 80.16 (for 1 bricht ?) milk, a milking, yield of milk: ségamlae .i. lachtmaire. séig din .i. b.¤ , Corm. 40. ad-mestar asa móinib mb.¤ , ZCP xi 85 § 39e . beimni cen b.¤ má ructhar ar mbai blichta úain, LU 5611. ? dia mbligthea co bleachta (combleachta, v.l.) / inad na biad fermar, Anecd. i 47.15 . beti baī cin blichda mnā can fēli fir gan gail, ZCP xii 406.21 . d'ith de bliucht de braich, Metr. Dinds. iv 160.210 . nár choillet ith ná b.¤ i nHérind, BDD² 921. dobeir in ṁb. sin ṁbith `brings milk into the world', Ériu ix 50 § 37. ní roibhe hith na b.¤ a nErinn risin ré sin, iii 154 § 8 . ro metadh b.¤ cacha bo-cheathra, MR 100.20 . la haithgein bleachta ┐ aithghein in lachta ┐ in laigh díc , O'D. 2298 ( Rawl. 506, fol. 28v ). berid in bo atúaid trian mblechta sech in mboin andeas, Dinds. 60. ni hionadh eatha, blechta, no bídh é, BS 114 § 57. biaid terci ar blechtaib na mbuar, LB 78 upper marg. smuail bleachta nach báidhfeadh loch (of hell), DDána 37.37 . a sil . . . / d'fhearthain . . . / teasda soin do bhliocht ón bhuarchrodh, 110.48 . tír ina búan b.¤ cédagh / bricht drúadh aga dídean, IGT Decl. ex. 1542. do báthadh ioth is bliocht na Fódla, Keat. Poems 141. b.¤ la mnāi, O'Mulc. 754. Transfd. of abundant yield, produce: dorala bliocht d'iascc, BNnÉ 326 § 47 . aidcgled cach ṁb. mborr-thoraid, Metr. Dinds. iii 4.22 . Fig. bliocht buan-toirtheach blas-chumhra na beatha suthaine, TSh. 2285.

1 cert

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cert or dil.ie/8787
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cirt, ceirt, ceart, cirt, cearta

(Lat. certus). As adj. o, ā.

(a) correct, right, proper, fitting : is ámin tra as c.¤ in testimin-so, Ml. 62c7 . ni c.¤ ind ḟlesc sa huasind .m., Sg. 40b16 . foraice c.¤ `genau richtiger Wert', Cóic Con. 50 § 98 (see below under subst. use). cona tochmaghad a choir cirt, Ériu xiii 17.16 = c.¤ , O'Dav. 378 . cen claind cirt without ordinary children, LU 4305 ( SG 84.30 ). nocho ch.¤ na cubaid `it was not right or fitting', CRR 30.9 . nó go n-aimsear an uair cheart the destined hour, Dán Dé xvii 9 . stiúir cheart . . . na g-cóigeadhach (of a person), ML 86.7 . ní ceart d'ēinneach a rádh . . . it is wrong to say, Párl. na mB. 58 .

(b) fair, just : bad ch.¤ do cluchi frim fight fair, LU 5228 . breth ch.¤ , LL 30395 . comrama . . . / Cerbaill c[h]irt na náem `just', RC xxix 211 § 7 ( LL 6720 ).

(c) Of material objects etc. straight, even: sreth-linedha certa coiri, CCath. 5285 (`small', cf. 2 cert). baill certa comcoire, BB 427b15 . cetra colamna certa `straight', Stair Erc. 1377 . gersat certa . . . cimsa . . . catha, MR 254.4 . tennbhuille c.¤ casúir, IGT Decl. ex. 913 . dlúthmhong cheart, DDána 99.32 . slighe . . . cam cheart ` symmetrical ', Magauran 909 .

(d) Of numbers, quantities etc. exact, precise: co colainderce c.¤ `exact amount', Bretha 23 . da fítt ch.¤ chutrume `two exactly equal rations', Mon. Tall. 161.9 (§ 80) . deich mbliadna certa, BB 53a6 . tricha tren[ḟ]er ar cet c.¤ , MacCarthy 28.2 .

(e) Adv. ci[u]rt cóir `properly and rightly', cited GOI 239 from Laws ii 306.5 ( ZCP xiv 379 ). ní fail doruirme co c.¤ ` rightly ', Thes. ii 344.1 (Hy.v). cet co c.¤ `a hundred exactly', MacCarthy 314.z . go ceart indeed, Content. vi 242 . go ceart rómhad `straight before thee', Proverbs iv 25 .

(f) Compar. ní foigbe . . . / félire bas certu, Fél. Ep. 148 . nī turmi sechtu nach sūi / bas certu atá cōe, ZCP v 499 § 10 . is certiu in dedenach `more exact', Auraic. 1134 . an mbía duine marbhthach ní as ceirte ná Día?, Job iv 17 . is ceirtidde in chomāirim, ZCP iii 18.2 .

As subst. o, n. m., IGT Decl. § 63 (g s. cirt and ceirt, d s. ceart and cirt etc.). Cf. g s. cearta, Maguires of F. 95 . i or ā (dar ceirt, Cog. 56.11 ), ZCP xlix-l 619 .

(g) the right, what is proper, correctness : ar amainse ar chirt ar calmatus, LU 10300 (see also s. 2 cert). c.¤ cen tinne, ZCP viii 196 § 14 . misi robai for in cirt, YBL 173a16 . Cf. SG 70.13 . ceart na riaghla `fulfilling of the law', A. Ó Dálaigh xxi 1 . ceart ag duine is bheith go bocht, Dán Dé xxvii 27 . ar cheart ar chumas n-adhbhann ` correctness ' (of harping), Studies 1920, 98 § 9 . ó cheart `rightly', Content. vi 155 . ón cheart, xxiii 3 . an chalann do-chuaidh tar ceart which has transgressed, DDána 44.2 . do réir chirt, Rev. xix 11 . ? cach aen bereas(?) c.¤ cirt, LB 220b59 .

(h) In phr. ina chirt, i cirt, c.¤ properly, rightly, as is fitting : mac in tṡaír a llus in táil / do chumma in chláir ina chirt (: ṡlicht) `aright', Ériu ix 49 § 28 . firfes firindi ina cirt fri dala deithbiri, YBL 181a2 ( SG 254.23 ). is amlaidh so . . . anas dian aireng in-a cirt coir gan impod, BB 289b20 . dia mbe hi cciort, Leb. Gab.(i) 46.28 . atá ina cc.¤ le ceile (of a pact), BNnÉ 251.11 . co roibi ingen do righ paganta a c.¤ aigi `was his lawful wife', ZCP vi 289.16 .

(i) In quasi-legal sense of right, claim, entitlement : Lebor na Cert, title of tract on rights and privileges of kings, see BR and BR2. fris-saighe a cc.¤ , Ériu xiii 34.6 . dofet a c.¤ certaib `her rights', Laws i 124.10 . fer . . . saiges a ch.¤ do cech oén la Ultu, LU 8148 . ag tabairt cirt do Chríst cháidh `rendering an account', Manners and Customs ii 63.y . do bhean ceart díot an duine, Dán Dé xxviii 17 . dála, ceart, daingin orra, `Espousals', Eg. Gl. 243 . With follg. gen. c.¤ n-athar ┐ seanathar, BDD² 163 . augtar . . . / sluindfes c.¤ clainne C., Fing. R. 866 . c.¤ cech cōicid, ACL iii 303 § 5 . c.¤ cech ríg `tribute', KMMisc. 260 § 1 . ó chiort na gcuradh, Content. xxx 22 . i gceart a mháthar `in right of his mother', Keat. ii 5138 . go n-díoghlainn mo chomhdhaltadha fair . . . a g-ciort chloidhimh by the sword, ML 110.3 . With follg. prep. muna ḟuil ceart ag óigh air `rights as against Him', Aithd. D. 86.18 . c.¤ Maodhócc ar shluag Mhancach, BNnÉ 248 § 202 . mo cheart ar an tír, Maguires of F. 90 . ceart cinnte . . . ar ré shíordhaidhe d'fhagháil absolute right to, TSh. 529 . ceart . . . ré coimhéad, 5130 . ná sir c.¤ a cumhail deilgi, IGT Decl. ex. 1238 . gan c.¤ . . . do bheth ag nech in aoinní `right . . . in any thing', RSClára 146b .

(j) justice, fair dealing : luid co chinel do c.¤ friu `to demand justice', Laws i 70.9 Comm. na tair chucum dar firc., TBC-LL¹ 3491 . gidh tréan thú ní chuinge acht ceart, Dán Dé xxvii 14 . dá ndéanmaois ceart d'imirt oraibh, Maguires of F. 61 . do cheart = iustitia, TSh. 4813 . a gille, ar siad, inn gabaid coma no c.¤ uainn?, ZCP xiii 240.11 .

For daimid c.¤ see daimid.

With dliged: tar ceart no dligedh, Laws ii 70.2 . conid he sin c.¤ ┐ dliged lenait saxain for goedelu, Fél.² clxxxvii 9 .

(k) As technical term used of one of several legal processes: coic conara fugill . . . c.¤ , Cóic Con. 15 § 1 (`genau richtig'). cuir ┐ cundartha etc. d'acrau forin conair fugill is c.¤ , 20 § 13 . tacra cutrumma for cirt, 24 § 26 . bid c.¤ im cotomus folada etc. the legal process c. shall apply in the case of equal assessment of objects, 50 § 98 . For etymologies see 29 § 13 .

(l) With follg. gen. proper arrangement or procedure, correct way of doing something .: ni dāmair c.¤ catha doib fair battle, b. according to the rules of war(?), Rawl. 131b45 . See LL 4902 , ML² 946 . o cirt cobrainne `by just partition', Laws iv 44.8 . c.¤ comlaind, LL 33979 . tré cheart gcomhráidh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 40 § 6 . c.¤ crandcair, BB 244b34 . c.¤ imthechta, MR 318.23 . c.¤ natha,. Ériu xiii 18.16 (in list of metr. terms). Note also : c.¤ sléibe Fúait `true story', Metr. Dinds. iv 168.44 .

(m) Freq. in IGT as technical term declensional form (of noun or verbal noun): na crotha dona ceartuibh ó mbeantur comhfhocal, IGT Introd. § 2 (2.17) . cáoladh ceirt (e.g. lámh, don láimh), § 14 (6.11) . feabhas, fiú, féin, dég (an áirmhe), focuil gan cheart indeclinables, § 122 . greagh, c.¤ lethan tríd sis as cóir aige, Decl. § 45 . c.¤ persan mar sin sís aige (after forms of eadradh), § 49 . scológ (ceart baininnsgne aigi) is inflected like a feminine, § 12 . tegmáil . . . c.¤ ar a comair air féin aigi, Verbs § 2 . faigsin etc. . . . cirt ar a comair aca, § 4 . bleagan ┐ dligsin (dít), inand gabaid acht ar a certuibh i.e. the verbs are conjugated in the same way but their verbal nouns belong to different types, § 36 .

(n) Less freq. in sense of correctness, permissibility , somet. opposed to canamain anomalous (form): trí mairg, cóir do chiort, trí mharg, cóir do chanamhain, IGT Introd. § 18 (8.31) . úaibreach do chanamhain atá, úabrach an c.¤ , IGT Decl. § 17 . .c. .d. neith ceirt ┐ canamna, Verbs § 45 . imram, imirt . . . a ndénmas .n. cirt, § 101 . .d. .n. cirt ┐ canamna, § 112 .

(o) In chevilles: as gach ciort, SG 35.24 . ní cói ceirt, Metr. Dinds. iv 164.27 . dia do cheart, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 356.1 .

In compds. usually straight, direct, exact, precise, less frequently right, just, proper.

With nouns. ¤agaid. Usually in prep. phr. with i, ar: i certagaidh na gáithe directly against the wind, CCath. 3927 . tarla do D. . . . ina chertagidh met him face to face, ZCP xiv 240.8 . dēnamh ar a gcert-agaidh go F. straight ahead, Fl. Earls 24.28 . Note also: du-s-rat a chert-aghaidh . . . forsan athair `it turned its . . . face on the father', 136.25 . a fírchlethe a chendmullaig hi certairdi from the very top of his head, LU 6475 . ūas an mbaile a certairde right up over the stead, Ériu iii 168 § 25 . ni hicthar ni fris acht certaithgin, Laws v 254.18 Comm. iar certbliadain, Rawl. 76a36 . certbrecad ┐ ollbrecad, IT iii 76 § 40 (see p. 131 and breccad). M. . . . an ceirtbhreitheamh `just judge', Keat. ii 3658 . confad C. ┐ a cheart-bhriathra, MR 160.20 . certchaictighis ó maireach, Cog. 104.34 . fa ceart-comair a craide directly in front of, MR 260.14 . ceartchosair ceithri ndroṅg, BDD² 811 (`a proper litter', Gloss.). sechtmoga mac . . . / achertchúmma d'ingenaib exact equivalent, SR 1972 . c. cumal `an exact c.', Bretha 31 . na chertdegaid directly after him, LL 15318 . no gur comroinnestair . . . a craide ar certdō dō in two equal halves, MR 260.16 . Duan. F. i 35 . for cert-druim in cat[h]a, CCath. 4881 . a cúic do cert duibh to an all-black (cow), O'Gr. Cat. 145.11 . ina c[h]ertḟar[r]adh, ZCP viii 210.31 . ceart-fheadh na n-arm . . . eatorra, ML 84.28 . nert C. certfir .i. ind ḟir cheirt, Gorm. Apr. 18 and gl. trī ceirtfichit muc mór exactly sixty, Ériu xvii 20 § 13 . ¤gáe see separate article. i certghuin cath, BB 53a25 . certiarraid exact fosterage-fee, Laws iii 312.12 Comm. an ceirtiomagallaimh, Ériu xiii 36.21 . certimain `proper driving', Laws i 288.11 Comm. na huili uisci do dhul ina certinadh cóir féin taranais arís, RC xxviii 310 § 3 . cert-láech a true warrior, MU² 538 . ar certlár mo thaige very middle, LL 38552 . rochaith a chertleth (i.e. of the apple), MacCarthy 46.16 . is a certlogh dic `exact value', Laws iv 250.21 Comm. certmac oglaigh `an average son' (Plummer MS. notes) Cf. ceartmhac, `fils légitime', Études Celt. xii 524 , oppd. to ardmhac o., O'Curry 285 ( H 3.18, 157 ). ina certmedón right in the middle of it, LU 2057 . dar certmedōn hĒrenn, Corp. Gen. 206.14 . atchiu clothrig . . . / cotngaib inna chertraind . . . / o crund co fraig who divides it equally(?), LU 7375 (of Conaire. `exact share', BDD2 Gloss.). co certsála sís right down to the heels, BDD² 1268 . ro an ina certsesam, Stair Erc. 350 . cearttharsna ar aicme ailme `straight across for group A' (of fingers across shin-bone in cossogam), Auraic. 5783 . do cert-tochus `of his exact property', Laws v 32.21 Comm. curson comnart certtrebtha, Leb. Cert.² 156.5 . certtrícha ruaid-each, 8.10 .

With adjj. an crios corr, ceart-bhláith, MR xiv 7 . certinann ré exactly the same period, Anecd. i 26 § 11 . a Chrīst chóeim certgenmnaid `truly chaste', Ériu iii 14 § 10 . at chonnarc and Coin Culaind certlaín `perfect', Études Celt. v 155.27 . in tan ata certnua in cin. No ata certnua in cro recent(?), O'Curry 609 ( H 3.18, 297 ). ni coir gnuis bidbaid itir crú ceartnua .i. is nua in fala no go lesaighther, 2282 ( Eg. 88, 21 (22)a ).

With adjj. formed from nouns: a chomhdail an Airdrígh certbreathaigh just, RC xxviii 326 § 23 . certbriathrach (of a judge), Irish Texts iv 27.2 . eannach . . . ceart-foirgneamhach `well-fashioned', MR xiv 13 . i pongc ceirtmedonach an domain, YBL 169a3 . certronnach `justly-dividing', Gorm. 16 gl .

With verbs: c.¤ gabais Congal Cairpri's in comlund, MR 244.4 . is follus as sin co nach certtiaghait (-tuicit?) lucht in Uraicepta-sa co mbad e Laidin . . . , Auraic. 1127. 4047 .

cuibdius

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cuibdius or dil.ie/13459

 

n [u, m.] (cubaid). Cf. éccuibdes.

(a) musical harmony, concord, agreement : air in c.¤ gl. propter . . . concinnentiam, Ml. 138d2 . c.¤ fileta `with poetic harmony', Thes. ii 327.5 (Hy. v Pref.). aicetal .i. cuidhbius, ut est áer aicetail .i. aor co cuidhbius `harmony', O'Dav. 33 . dorat Duid bindius ┐ cupdius foaib (the psalms), Hib. Min. 157 . dechruigit i sillabaib ┐ i nétsecht cuibdiussa o chluais (of metrical categories), IT iii 7.2 . c.¤ cubaid / ac na elaib, ZCP vii 309.21 . ar ch.¤ fri recht ┐ fáitsine = ne discreparet a lege et prophetia, PH 4766 .

(b) Specifically of a metrical device, assonance: R., is ēside arrānic c.¤ i ndeud na comarc, Corp. Gen. 22.22 . ar annsatas a comuama ┐ a cuibdesa seoch na haistib eile (of a type of metre), O'D. 1196 ( H 2.15A, 80a ). isse sede ar-ranic c.¤ i ndeut na ndúan, LL 311c16 .

(c) In Laws Comm. in sense of joint equal payment where more than one person is responsible for an injury inflicted, etc.: ge no tairistea lan fiach amach . . . daos bidbunuis, nochun ḟuil c.¤ daithfegad eturru ┐ aiti ┐ muime, uair gach baile i mbia nech bus lanamandha ac denumh foghla re nech, ┐ duine nach bu lanamanda, ni fuil cuibius (sic) daithḟegad eturru i.e. when an injury has been committed in which one who is connected by some lánamain-bond to the injured and another who is not so connected, there is no question of sharing equally the payment for the injury, Laws ii 184.4 (in this context the injury has been inflicted on a child in fosterage and both the actual inflicter of the injury and the child's fosterparents must pay damages). nocon aithfegtar cuibdes eturru, acht a lan dic ar a aighidh fein `the full fine is to be paid by each on his own account', iii 244.23 . gabar cuibes uathaib um lan cintaigh, 410.7 . is lan cuibdesa dic dfir tairci, 114.21 . i c.¤ (paying) jointly, equally: fiach gaite uathaib í cuibus, no ó cechtur de a necuibus, O'D. 2027 ( Rawl. B 487, 53d ). ícait indile láin trí ranna as ar dus, ┐ tecait i c.¤ co hindile leithi im trí randaib aile ┐ comícat etarru, 1463 (E. 3.5, 42b). icait da trian secht cumala risium i cuibdes `conjointly', Laws iii 116.8 Comm. fíach cubhusbhraith ó dhaoirchelibh . . . go ruige móirṡesior a ccuibhdhius, Ériu xiii 50.1 .

In other texts, i c.¤ agreed, jointly, equally : foghabar o A. inni sin i c.¤ `A. agreed', Aen. 720 . madh ionann breath bheireas siad / is í an bhreath do bhreith a (? leg. i) gcuibhdheas / leath um leith do fhuilngeas iad `their agreement means the passing of the judgment', PBocht 18.17 .

(d) In various other abstract meanings: ro cet cen ch.¤ without justification, Laws v 232.9 Comm. (of a satire). ? grinde daingen is grinne cuibheas (sic), LL 395a14 . o gein Crist is c.¤ [cuimni] / coro thurmius buidni na mban a fitting thing, 17387 ( RC xlvii 315.2 ). índisiu tria hainsimh cen chuidbus accusation without justification (?), BB 299a7 . do chur ar céill, ná ar cuibhdes, na ar comaentaid, MR 296.z (`reason'). as iongnadh . . . nach beth do chuibhdeas leo . . . that they should not have the good sense to (?), MS. Mat. 578.32 . go ccuibhdhes, ┐ go ttromdhacht ndlightigh = with expedient and due gravity, RSClára 101b . a mbeith gan chéill gan chuibhdhios harmony, equilibrium (?), Ir. Syll. Poetry 51 § 3 `senseless and deranged' (notes). ? sechtmadh eneclainne righ túath sin isin ḟaigett gan chuibhdhes, Ériu xiii 48.14 . do chóidh a cuibhdheas chugoinn `its equivalent came to us', Dán Dé xviii 22 . nach cuibhdheas grás uaibh fhoghnas `no moderate amount of Thy indulgence avails', PBocht 21.23 .

5 de

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 5 de or dil.ie/14791
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: de, dé, dæ, de, -de

prep -te, -ti added to comparatives, corresponding in sense to Lat. eo, Eng. the. Identical with 1 de, di from it, because of it. In Oir. still treated as an independent word and always written de ( dé, Wb. 22 d 2 ; dæ, Ml. 90 a 11 = de); in Mid.-Ir. wholly enclitic and written together with the comparative, the unaspirated, now intervocalic, -d- according to the rules of spelling being written -t-: córaite (Oir. córu de). -d slender at all phases of the language and never discarded (Quiggin's explanation of `a chách,' Quiggin Vorton. Wörter 34 , is wrong). Its place is immediately after the comparative, only exceptionally separated from it by an enclitic word as Ml. 23 d 23 : [im]mi ardu ni de; ib. 83 b 11 : bid étrummu doib de.

In certain points the Mid.-Ir. usage diverges from Oir. In the Glosses -de is used proleptically, referring in a general way to a cause which follows introduced by the prep. di or trí, e.g.:

A robtar erdarcu de dind ulc doratad forru they were the more famous for the evil that was inflicted on them Ml. 47 a 18 . airmi ardu ni de tri dul isna lucu arda for we are the higher for going into high places ib. 23 d 23 . is huilliu de mo ḟreiscsiu do (= di) neuch rorádis su, Thes. ii 2. 34 .

.

B (di, tri + vn. + gen.) conid étrummu dæ in bochtae...tri frescissin messa fíriéin ind ríg doib iarum so that the poverty is the lighter through their expectation of the just judgment of the king afterwards Ml. 90 a 11 . is moltaidiu de tri tabairt fortachtan cid du neuch nachidáirilli it is the more praiseworthy through giving help even to one who does not deserve it ib. 84 c 13 . ( LU 60 a 38 fri seems used in a similar way: rafetammár ém in gilla sin ┐ ní messaite fria fis is dalta dún.)

— In Mid.-Ir. the prepositional expression was completely abandoned. The usage is illustrated by the following examples.

A corresp. to A above: is moti a pian som cach olc dorónsat their suffering is the greater for the evil they have committed LU 33 b 3 . ba nertiti leis a menma na scéla adfiadar dó in gilla, SCC § 20 . is córaiti hí a fromad ima hairigthib it is the more fit for having been tested Laws ii 252. 12 . ferrdi re fer na haicdi a bith urrlum the owner of the article is the better pleased for its being ready ib. ii 414. 23 . Cf. i 152. 23 ; ii 88. 5 ; iii 418. 5 . finnaid dún in líon atám. ni meisde nech uaib a rád, Acall. 1101. 6528 . comad móti in pian dó beth beo co fotai isin croich, PH 2439 . rocumbrig Ísu in ernaigthe sea...co mbad erusaite do chách a mebrugud a beth cummair that it should be the easier to remember to every one for being short ib. 7862 .

B corresp. to B above: ni mescaiti hé in lind dól he is none the more intoxicated for having drunk the ale Laws iii 202. 6 (Oir. † ní mescu de dóul (or di óul) ind lenno dó, RC xxxvii 218 ). is bindide sian na bó a laeg do légan lé the bellowing of the cow is the more melodious for her calf being left with her ib. v 62. 19 . ib. 20 , 27 ; 40. 10 . i 138. 4 f.b. ropo móde in firt sa do dénam it was the greater for the working of this miracle (note on Broccán's Hymn), Thes. i 346. 21 . conid móti éstither riu immad erlabra do dénum that the more attention would be paid them for their much speaking PH 7840 . ni feirrde neach bás súaiṁneach dḟaghbháil ara leabaidh dhó, TSh. 236. 10 .— Sg. 2 a 7 : bith má de do buith daitsiu hi coimthecht oco it will be the greater for thy being associated in it, does not represent the Mid.-Ir. type, as do is not the possessive but the prep. di.

Often corresponding to preceding cach + subst.: cach mét donóir ṡægalta i mbía nech is móiti a guasacht the more a person possesses of worldly honour the greater his danger YBL 167 b 32 . cach airdi bias in torad bid trumaidi a thuindseom ac toitim the higher the fruit...the heavier ib. 167 b 35 ; but Mod.-Ir: dá aoirde an toradh iseadh is truime , &c. Already Laws iii 420. 3 f.b. : cach codnaidetu i mbia fer inmuillti is indligthiti cú. cach éccodnatu i mbia fer inmuillti is dligthechaiti cú the more sensible...the more unlawful, &c.

With multiplicatives: áibinniti fo deich ten times as beautiful LL 151 b 1 f.b. áigthidiu de, áigthidite the more dreaded : arimp áigthidiude, Wb. 23 d 23 . ansu de, ansaite the heavier , eo gravius: air is ansu de a dothaim mani airissedar ind lám fri talmain occo, Ml. 131 b 4 . curap andsati (v.l. ánsude), Trip. 218. 20 . ardu de, ardaite the higher : cia thés hi loc bes ardu ní ardu de, Ml. 23 d 23 . airtem .i. airdiu de indem a eiṁ fair, Laws ii 240. 1 . armad ardiu crand is móide co mór benaid na gætha fris the higher a tree is the more do the winds beat against it YBL 167 b 32 . roimpá form Finnachta ní ba airdite a ḟine, LL 308 a 22 . assu de, usaite the easier : is assu de tabairt in ferso huachtaraig, Ml. 107 c 16 . usaite le in torad dogní ó láim inn [f]uath ledb ina fiadnaisi, Laws i 152. 23 . comad usaidi do bidbaid a fagail (sc. the debts), ib. iii 152. 13 . ussaite, Fél.² xxxii 34 . bindiu de, bindite the sweeter : is bindide sian na bó a laeg do légan le, Laws v 62. 19 . buidechu de, budigiu de, budechaiti the more satisfied: tabar in deired fledi do mathib Lochlainne corop budechaiti iat, CRR 20. 8 . calmu de, calmaite the braver : is nertmairite┐ is calmaite in menma daenna, PH 4801 . córu de, córaite the more proper : is córaiti hi a fromad ima hairigthib it is the more fit for having been proved by its tests Laws ii 252. 12 . dánu de, dánaite the more audacious : co mbad dánaite tísad diabul dia aimsiugud, PH 4781 . deccru de the harder : deacraide, TSh. 257. 26 . BS 54. 10 . deissiu de: deiside the nicer, &c. P. O'C. 1531 . dligthigiu de, dligthigite , dligthechaiti the more lawful : cach éccodnatu i mbia fer inmuillti is dligthechaiti cú, Laws iii 420. 1 f.b. dligthidiu de, dligthite the more lawful : cach codnaidetu i mbia fer inmuillti is indligthiti cú, ib. 420. 2 f.b. Cf. dligite, indligite in the corresp. passage, ib. 198. 17 sq.; but dlighthighi, ii 202. 6 , dlithidhe, iii 524. 2 do not, as Atkinson thinks, contain -de. dóchu de, dóchaite the more likely : dochaite in gním do dénum dó uair adeir it is more likely that he has committed the deed for he says so Laws iii 110. 3 f.b. Lism. L. 390 b . Anecd. ii 36 § 21 . Bor. 105 . dochaidi, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 332. 15 . dothíde, Seanchaint 205 . doilgiu de, doilgite the more difficult: anscuiche .i. is doilgiti a scuchad...ó bias fola lánlóige and, Laws iii 12. 19 . duibiu de the blacker : duibhide, P. O'C. 1531 . dúthrachtachu de, -taigite the more zealous, earnest : cumad dúthrachtaigite dobérmaisne ár menmain inár nernnaigthi, PH 7849 . erdarcu de, erdarcaite the more famous Ml. 47 a 18 , quoted above. erusu de, erusaite the easier: co mbad erusaite do chách a mebrugud a beth cummair, PH 7862 . essamnu de, essamnaite the more fearless: it essamnu de ar rofitetar is, &c., Wb. 23 b 12 . étrummu de, étrumaite the lighter Ml. 90 a 11 , quoted above. dia tartaid si fortachtain doib som bid étrummu doib de, ib. 83 b 11 . ferr de the better : ciarud-chualatar ilbélre ┐ cenuslabratar nípat ferr de, Wb. 12 d 28 . bieid [ní ?] bes ferr de, ib. 32 a 13 . cumad ḟearrde áith that its strength might be the better Laws ii 240. 6 . acht ferrdi re fer na haicdi a bith urrluṁ the owner of the article is the better pleased for its being ready ib. 414. 23 . is feardi in fear sin na dána sin do chindemain aigi, v 20. 27 . nír bo measaiti seom ┐ níbot ferdi sio, YBL 112 a 48 . ferrdi a Íssa haithnisi, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 338. 3 . conid ferrde lemsa cech pian fogéb ar ainm ṅDé, PH 2427 . dá mad hé in bith uli dogébtha maille re díth tanma cá bud ḟerrde dosin, ib. 7582 . ní ferrde le Find féin scél do dénam fair, Acall. 5358 . fíriánu de the more righteous : condid f.d., Wb. 2 a 7 . fotu de the longer : faidite, Acall. 6811 . gairddiu de, gardditi the shorter : gardditi lind éistecht riss mad colléic, LL 96 b 54 . Acall. 6815 . Laws ii 216. 7 . gairdi is used in the same sense as gardditi, cf. siaiti, ib. l. 10 . giliu de the brighter : gilide, P. O'C. 1531 . imdu de, imdaite the more abundant : ut gratia habundet .i. corop imdu de duún, Wb. 3 a 12 . condib imdu de torand inna forgnúso, Sg. 198 a 4 . inducbaidiu de the more glorious : robtar i. de apud deum , Ml. 47 a 18 . irlamu de, urlamaite the readier: omnis autem qui in agone contendit ab omnibus sé abstinet .i. armbad irlamu de don buaith, Wb. 11 a 7 . is bés dósom cosc inna mban i tossug...armbat irlamude ind ḟir fo chumachte Dæi, ib. 22 c 10 . irlithiu de, irlithite the more obedient: armbat irlithiu dé mandatís dei , Wb. 22 d 2 . ísliu de the lower : íslide, Lec. 534 a 11 . lainniu de, laindite the more eager : co mbad laindite leo in forcetul do gabáil do láim, PH 6759 . lemnethu de or slemnethu de the more willing : ardislemnethu de do hícc inna fiach, Wb. 4 a 10 . lethnu de the broader : leithneide, Rel. Celt. i 159. 101 . lia de, liaiteeo plus, eo plures : hóre am essamin se precepte...is lia de creitfess, Wb. 23 b 7 . imurcruidh dáine do thiachtain do chaithiuṁ in bídh célsine uair nocha liauite in biad...cia beth, &c., for the food is not the more plentiful though, &c., Laws ii 28. 17 . luathu de, luathaite the quicker: is airi doníthar in tréiniugadh so orra comad luathaide dosoisdís a féich dḟeichemain toichida, Laws iii 152. 12 . lugu de, lugaiteeo minus : ní lughaiti dlighes in gairi do dénuṁ they are not the less bound to undertake the maintenance Laws ii 192. 5 . noco lugaite smacht ná díre in coma bith indligedh, ib. iii 418. 5 . cé beith nech...noco lugaiti dligus a fochraic díc ris, iv 48. 24 . nuchu lugaidi is grád hé céli do beth aigi, v 40. 10 . dothéged Étáin cach dia dia athreos ┐ ba lugaide a galar som ón do suidiu, TE § 9 LU. rodígaib a thuara ┐ nírbo lugaide a nert Lugdach, Thes. ii 344. 29 . is aire roartraig in taingel hi ṅgné solais in tṡnechta comad lugaiti nobídgtis na banscala riana ḟacsin, PH 3384 . co mbad lugaide, ib. 5207 . (rotescad a tengaid) arái ní lugati dogníd sum forcetul in popuil inní sin, ib. 2549 . scarad cuirp ┐ anma ┐ ni lugaite marus in tanumm, ib. 7480 . mailliu de, maillite the slower : is gnáth mirr do thabairt im chorpaib dóine i nadnocul conid maillite thinaid, PH 7023 . mescu de, mescaite the more intoxicated: noco mescaiti hé in lind dól, Laws iii 202. 6 . messa de, mesaite, meiste, miste the worse. messude, Trip. 218. 9 Eg. mesaidie: cia...nir uó m., IT i 109. 6 . messaite: rafetammar in gillu sin ┐ ní m. fria fis is dalta dún, LU 60 a 38 . mesaite LU 54 a 17 . messaiti, SR 1244 . LL 106 b d . measaiti YBL 112 a 48 . SG 70. 24 . mesaidi FDG. MR 14. 22 . meisti: is m. lóg a roind, Laws iii 462. 17 , 19 .; ib. 478. 24 . mana derntai...bud meisti dáibh, RC xiv 56 . CRR 20 § 14 . cá bud ḟerrdi ┐ cá bud mesti, PH 7582 . ní meisde nech uaib (a rád), SG 118. 25 . miste, ib. 97. 35 . misde: is m. nár bhuan a leithéit, Atlantis iv 226. 4 .—Cf. messa s.v. olc. moltaidiu de the more praiseworthy: is m. d. tri tabairt fortachtan, Ml. 84 c 13 . móo de, móite eo maior, eo maius. móo de, Wb. 2 a 8a . SCC § 10 . mou de, Ml. 53 c 13 . moaide Laws ii 404. 11 . mouite, ii 22. 1 . moaite, ii 202. 1 . mó de, Wb. 29 c 4 . mode, Thes. ii 346. 27 . bith má de eo maius erit Sg. 2 a 7 . maiti, Trip. 114. 22 . cumud móite, Laws ii 22. 17 . noco moite, iii 406. 7 f.b. ba mote, LU 121 b 33 . móti, LL 206 a 21 . PH p. 806 b . bid moti bas trén mo scél, LU 119 b 3 . nucu moiti, Laws ii 414. 2 . móide, ML 40. 9 . moide, Laws ii 88. 5 . moidi, ib. 350. 18 . YBL 158 a 46 ; 167 b 32 .—Cf. mór. nertaidiu de the stronger : nertiti, SCC § 20 . nertmairite the stronger : is nertmairite ┐ is calmaite in menma daenna, PH 4801 . óibindiu de, áibinnite the more beautiful : is áibinniti fo deich, LL 151 b 1 f.b. prapaiti the quicker : comad prapaidi noḟoirbred, Lec. 441 b 35 . sia de, siaite the longer: condib sia de, Sg. 201 b 16 . siaiti, Laws ii 216. 10 . is siaidi a anad, ib. i 282. 43 . siaide, MR 318. 17 . siauite, Laws ii 28. 18 ; 114. 5 . socomlu de, socomlaite the easier : co mbad tṡoccomlaite do Ísu marcachus do dénum, PH 4455 . soimbertu de the more easily plied: bennachais Patraic na iarnu comdar s.d. (v.l. soimberta de), Trip. 218. 21 . soirthiu de, soirthite the easier: s.d. in labrad di, &c., the easier is the pronunciation from, &c., Sg. 15 a 4 . suthnu de, suthnaiti lasting the longer Lec. 441 b 37 . tanu de, tanaite the thinner : á sémigud co mbí tanu de, Ml. 34 a 27 . tressa de, tressaite the stronger : co mbad t.d. hiress apstal do fulung tribulationum, Wb. 25 a 14 . Mid.-Ir. treisidi, TBC-LL¹ 2484 Y. trummu de, trumaite the heavier : trummute, Lism. L. ix 13 LL (trumaidi, Lism.). cach airdi bias in torad bid trumaidi a thuindseom oc toitim, YBL 167 b 34 . tromaide, AFM 1768. 19 . truimite, Acall. 5152 . uilliu de, uillite the greater : Thes. ii 2. 34 . uilliti hé in dá sreith do beth air, Laws i 138. 4 f.b. iv 34. 29 .

MOD. Suffixed to any adjective: ní folláinede madra marbh é bheith san uisge glan. Ní milsede an domblas é bheith i nárthach airgid. Níor ṁeasa do dhuine rud do ghearrfadh a sgórnach ná sgian óir. Aran gcuma gcéadna ní folláinede ┐ ní milsede ┐ ní macántaide sgéal neaṁcháidh é bheith dá innsint i ngaedhilg uasail, P. O'Leary GJ vi 110 . Other comparatives from the mod. literary period are deiside, gilide, giorraide, liaide, siaide, teoide, usaide. —But in the spoken language usually confined to a small number of adjectives. Very common are fearrde, miste, móide (q.v.), idiomatically used with the copula and the prepositions la and do. The original sense has been obscured and as a living comparative particle -de seems obsolete.

díc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díc or dil.ie/16065
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: díogaid

n [f.] (Fr. digue, or OE díc Risk 634 ) dike, ditch; moat, trench: do dhenum díge timcell Arda Macha, AU ii 336.17 . dīog ro-domain mōirt[h]imchell a balla, Fl. Earls 78 . díog dhomhain, Proverbs xxiii 27 . ní raibhi dun . . . gin díc uiscidhi 'na timchell a moat full of water, Marco P. 123 . tuitfid araon sa díg, Matthew xv 14 . na balladha ┐ na dígca, Maund. 57 . ro tochladh leo domhaindíocca talmhan, AFM vi 2060 . acc doimhniucchadh díocc i ttimcheall an bhaile, 1968 . mar tic blāth tar bruachaib dīc (: dít), ACL iii 242 § 15 . (Of hair) imdha cuas ann, imdha dig, Irish Texts iv 117.6 . fidh fri hor in duin co ndiguibh ┐ mhúraibh aelta 'na urtimcill, Marco P. 49 . tri fichit troig ar doimne isna diguib, ZCP vi 284.14 . denuidh an gleannsa lán do dhíogachaibh, 2 Kings iii 16 . Later also díogaid: i ndíogaidh an dúin, TSh. 909 .

Compd. ¤gel: do ghlac ndíggeal of thy white-palmed hands, DDána 99.15 .

díchetal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díchetal or dil.ie/16103

 

Forms: dícetul, dicetail, ndíchetla

oand u, n. (vn. of 1 do-cain) incantation or spell composed extemporaneously by the `fili's' and druids in ancient Ireland: dicetal file, Laws i 30 . cen ail cen fasach cen dicetal, v 480 . roscad no dichetal (gl. fasach), 450 . dichetal (one of the 14 `srotha éicsi'), LL 30d33 . d.¤ do chennaib na tuaithe (included among the 8th year's course of the `fili'), IT iii 50 . coiri caec-dhuirnn . . . do chor ar teinid . . . ┐ dichetal flatha ┐ filedh ┐ druadh do chetal fair, IT iii 187 . adbeart in dicheadal-sa oc tairrngiri ēisc i n-easaib, Lec. 568a10 . roboi Diancecht ┐ a dí mac ┐ a ingen . . . oc dicetul for an tibrait chanting spells over, RC xii 94 . tarclamad crand do cach fid i nErinn don drui[d] ┐ foreimidh d.¤ foraib co tucad crand do a ḟid F. co ndergenai d.¤ fair `over this [tree] he sang a spell' (but possibly crand do cach fid = piece of wood from each tree and the allusion is to spells written in ogham?), RC xvi 68 . gabais [Finn] a mér ina bēolu: a donic as afrithisi foopairt dicetal `he began to chant' (Finn's discovery of his gift of divination), RC xxv 346 . dichetal for ochtraig co ra-thochra a mbí ina íchtur for a úachtar `chanting over a dunghill', Triads 117 (with gl. .i. adhbhal-cantainn le rosg nó orrtha, p. 39 ). dichan dicetal, 348 . tair lium . . . do ṡinnath na fer ┐ dia ndichetal `to bespell them', RC xiii 450 . dodechatar dorchai tar forgnúis in talman la díchitel in druad, Trip.² 568 = dícetul, Trip. 56 . d.¤ rogaeth, Leb. Gab.(i) 258 (Amergin's chant). d.¤ do chollaibh cend, Anecd. ii 75 . g s. bati[s?] slan a n-athgoite tre nert an dicetail na cethri lēge, RC xii 94 § 123 . bidh trom le feraib Erenn beith ac fulang dichelta (= dichetla) na ndrúadh, TBC-LL¹ 5494 St. mes fér for fodhuil dire direch cach dicedla, O'Gr. Cat. 143 . pl. ra bágait a mbrechta ┐ racanait a ndíchetla, co ra eirgetar a n-airbeda drúad impu, LL 239a47 . tria brichtu ┐ dicetla ┐ cantana nolúited in mathair cach maigin, RC xv 311.8 ( Dinds. 18 ). dican ar dichetlui mora derbha, RC xiii 11 . ataig a díchelta ass, LU 4457 = attaig a guth, Anecd. i 22 . co ro chansat a ndruide seom ┐ a filidh dicealta doib, BB 40a38 ; ib. 21 . Common in phr. d.¤ di (do) chennaib, used of a species of poetical incantation which was composed extemporaneously (implying divination?) (the díchetal di ch. was probably a kind of clairvoyance or psychometry in which the seer conveyed his vision or message in a verse or quatrain ; see the ex. given by Cormac s.v. Coire Brecain. The ollam was required to be proficient in the imbas forosnai and the díchetal di chennaib , cf. BB 341b , Lec. 339a , and Laws v 56 ): ba aī dichetail di chennaib, ZCP xv 362 § 47 , see 363 , xvi 178 . The díchetal d.¤ was allowed by St. Patrick as being harmless and involving no pagan rites: dic[h]etal doc[h]ennaib . . . fodrācbad sōn i cōrus c[h]erdae, ar is soas fodēra son: ni ēcen audbairt do demnaib oca, acht aisnēis do c[h]ennaib a chnāmae fochēdōir, Corm. Y 756 ; cf. Laws i 44 . dicedul ducendaib .i. dul do a cend a dāna focétoir . . . aisnēt-sium imrādad na rann gin smuainedh ┐ gin smuaintecadh, BB 341b34 = Lec. 339a (dicheadal dochennaib). Dubthach doroine dicetal do cennaib for ēn-anāil do cuingidh feraind for C. composed (recited) a `díchetal di ch.' in one breath, LL 392d52 = Lec. 205b34 . dichetal do chennaib (dicendaib, BB) na tuaithe (part of course for 8th year of a fili's training), IT iii 50 (cf. dichetal do collaib cenn, Rawl. B 512, 114c , Anecd. ii 75 ).

díchleth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díchleth or dil.ie/16117

 

Forms: dhichlethi, ndicleit[h]e

ā, f. vn. of do-ceil concealing, concealment (usually with obj. gen. of thing hidden and AR of person from whom it is hidden): ní bíodh dícleith dó uirre it (viz. the monastery) was not hidden from him (of a monastery submerged beneath a lake), SG 88 . asbert nar ba cóir d.¤ ind ecna to conceal wisdom, Alex. 811 . airet rofētar dic[h]lid in sceōil as long as the tidings can be kept secret, CCath. 1078 . rogáid in bean do L. a díchleith (dichlidh, YBL) begged L. to keep it secret, Corm. 34 s.v. orc treith. at-roaside díchleith n-aire it could not hide itself from him, BDD² 1468 . ni toill form a dithchleth (sic MS.) fort-su I cannot hide it from thee, Aen. 681 . robói ind úir imbi do cach leth día diclith, TBC-I¹ 457(LU) . an ríg ráin | fil cin dic[h]lith cen dígbáil, BColm. 48 . forcetal gan dicleith on aiti for in dalta `without reservation', Laws v 96 Comm. cend Eoin Bauptaist . . . fo d.¤ talman hidden underground, PH 920 . romairestar o aimsir dilenn fo d.¤ , Fél. p. 258 ( Fél. Dec. 11 ). tibra fil fa díthchleith la tri deoghbhaire, Anecd. ii 2 . crann fil fa dhíchleith, ib. ni bid ni fo dichlith | dia rusc, BB 397b7 . ┐ se 'ca dichleith ar na clerchib hiding from the clerics, Lec. 163b45 . tárga fós corn Duibdithre | gid do bádhas ga dhicleith, SG 138 = Acall. 1991 . ro an-somh . . . aga dícleith . . . i n-uarbhothaibh uaiccneacha, AFM vi 2260 . ni beo ca dichlith a rí | rombeo it rígthreib frim ré let me not conceal it, Rawl. 79b44 ( ZCP i 497 ). g s. doberar celtchair (= celtair) dhichlethi imon ingin, Lism. L. 2828 . celtair diclithe būi imbe, RC xxv 348 . Cf. also Laws iv 60 : bean fri[s] tabar coibche i ndichligh seach a athair secretly, instead of to her father (viz. passing over her father to whom it was due). pl. a tlac[h]ta folaig ┐ a ndicleit[h]e druadh `magic concealments', CCath. 4318 (possibly part. = `occulta', secrets, mysteries ?). dicleit .i. dichell .i. diubairt, O'Don. Suppl. ( H 2.15A, 54b ). See also díchelt.

díchoém

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díchoém or dil.ie/16135

 

Forms: dīc[h]ōimh, Díchóem, Díchóime, Díchaem

adj (coím) uncomely, ungracious; of inferior rank: is tech ndagfir . . . nit dichoim a dorsidi `not unlovely (not of base degree?) are its doorkeepers, Thes. ii 292 (Ml. poems ii). ba maith in máthair, ciarbo díchoem, Otia iii 47 . ni basi (leg. ba-sa?, ed.) dichóim inbi | la ríg Maige F., ZCP ix 340 . ochtar saerdha . . . ┐ dias dirdha dicaemh two vassals, persons of inferior rank (the allusion is to the migration of Partholón who with his three sons— cethrur airech, LL 5a13 —and their respective wives formed the `ochtar s.'), BB 23a52 . rannais do cach oen | eter dícháem . . . ┐ fáth bas chaem both to lowly and exalted (?), LL 29b49 . diles cach rochoém, indles cach ndichaém everything very precious . . . everything of lesser value, Laws iv 312.21 . cid cóem cid dícóem, 25 . As subst. ní bu hētach nach dīc[h]ōimh the raiment of a churl, Fianaig. 14 .

As n.pr. f.: Díchóem, BDD 62 . bá Díchoem ainm a máthar, Otia iii 47 . gen. mac Díchóime , ib. Aengus mac Dichoeme, ib. As name of a river: Díchaem, TBC-LL¹ 4228 .

díchoimsech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díchoimsech or dil.ie/16138

 

adj o,ā (coimsech) immoderate, exorbitant: dáescarsluag díc[h]oimsech an domain, ZCP viii 208 . sluagh diochra dichoimseach, ML 84 . dorus díochuimseach `awfully wide', 88 . grād . . ┐ ba dermair doḟulaing dicoimsech é, Ériu v 146.26 .

dígaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dígaid or dil.ie/16280

 

v ( díc ) mod. trenches, cuts a dike: fóid aoibhne . . . mar táid | fo naimhdib do dhíogus a gcliabh go sámh `that run fences over their surface', O'Gr. Cat. 581 . Transf. drains, pours off: mar do díogadh ár ndaoine móra | as a bhfearannaibh, O'Rah. xxxiv 11 ( Dánta P. Feiritéir 231 ). Drinks, quaffs: díogaidh feasta sláinte mo Réics, E. Ruadh 331 .

dígbál,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dígbál, or dil.ie/16305
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dígbáil, díghbala, díbail

ā, f. (vn. of do-gaib) n s. dígbáil, Sg. 45b7 and in Mid. Ir. IGT Decl. § 149 .

(a) taking away, lessening, diminishing; diminution: ní bí digbail folad ann diminution of substance, Sg. 45b7 . cen tulled cen dígbáil, LU 2548 = RC xxv 238 , cf. PH 5094 . ni chumaing nech . . . a thormach nach a digbáil, SR 3124 . digbail . . . tormach, Laws v 108 Comm. is ferr for tormach oldas for ndigbail, RC xxiv 147 (TBFr.). deich mile do marcachaib . . . ba sí ann dígbail slóig Aissia that was the loss of the A. army, Alex. 287 . trénfer cech lae dia ndigbail reducing their number by a warrior a day, SR 5788 . ba digbáil faelti . . . do na hAffraic[d]ib the joy of the A. was diminished, CCath. 3176 . rogab for serg ┐ digbail, 973 . digbail neich den praind, Mon. Tall. § 58 . anaid gal cāich dia ndentar digabal a prainde if his rations are cut down (?), Corm. Y 418 s.v. digal (= digal, LB). is didbail na haimsire toirnes duir it is a diminution of the time that d denotes, Auraic. 1568 . bi maille . . . re digbail caithmhe in uidh (= bhídh), 3 C 19, 248va23 . ferr buidi inā dīgbāl (prov.) content is better than lessening, i.e. extravagance (?), ZCP vi 261 (= digbail, LL 345d3 ). cailte dígbála (women are) grudging of expenditure, Tec. Corm. § 16 . séan díoghbhála a tteacht asteagh `the entrance (of poets) is an omen of expenditure', Ériu v 56 . co nach roisedh neach secha gan a dígbail fris without his spending on him (i.e. entertaining him, of a hospitaller), Laws v 16.14 , 78.17 . nach fétar fiss dígbala in uilc-sin d'fhaisnés it is not possible to tell how to do away with the evil, PH 7787 . In legal phr. d.¤ láime lit. ` taking away the hand' used of relaxation of pressure brought to bear by a surety (trebaire, etc.) on an absconding person who later submits to law and compensates the surety: icad-sum digbail a laime risin fer amach, Laws iii 122 Comm. da tisadh in ceili . . . re dligedh a fognumha na gebtha uadh . . . dighbhail a laimhe dic re trebhairi, O'D. 2361 ( Rawl. B 506, 42b ) = O'Curry 416 ( H 3.18 228b ). intan tic cintach re cert ica díghbhail a laime re cechtar de, O'Curry 2552 ( Eg. 88, 46 (47)c ). nocha nicar ní ris acht digbail nama (of the sale of a stolen article), O'D. 860 ( H 3.17 613 ). Of an illness, abatement: a nd.¤ in ḟiabhrusa, 3 C 19, 3va23 . ag foillsiugad dighbhala na heasláinte, 259vb18 . an easlainte do bheith iona dhiobhail, 7va19 .

(b) loss, privation, want: 'nar cuiris mo mac do dighbhail (dith, v.l.) orum since you caused me the loss of my son, Fier. 99 . digbáil an fuaraidheacht = privatio vera frigiditas, O'Gr. Cat. 258 . díoghbháil aoisi unripe years (one of the impediments to marriage), Ó Héodhusa 220 . Donlevy 342 . pían na dígbála (techn. term in theology): pían na díoghbála .i. do beith derbhtha nách faicfe tú go brath gnúis Dé (part of punishment of Hell, opp. to p. na gcédfadh tortures), Mac Aingil 27 . Cf. dha sort peine .i. pian na gcédfadh ┐ na díoghbhala, Luc. Fid. 178 . As n.pr. m. (symbolic): Dighbail ┐ Espaid a n-anmanna, Acall. 6163 . In grammar the privative case , name given to subst. preceded by prep. DE, e.g. den fhiur, den fir, Auraic. 1525 . 1888 .

(c) detriment, damage, injury (with gen. or DO of person injured): cen far ndigbáil without detriment to you, Wb. 24d15 . ata pecad na drúisi ina dígbáil don chomarsain, PH 7442 . gan dighbail Fhindein no a lebhair do techt ass, BCC § 168 . ni derna an pest digbail do, § 196 . cred do rinne me . . . dorachadh a n-easonoir no a ndighbhail don Bhainrioghain, Shane O'Neill's Corres. ( Ulster Journ. Arch. v 269 ). an tí doní ar ndígbail, 3 B 22, 31b11 . mairg [dá] ndeachaidh i ndíoghbháil alas for him whom it harmed, A. Ó Dálaigh lii 40 . tóigfid suas comhairc na díoghbhála a cry of destruction, Isaiah xv 5 . comhtha d'faghail do mac D. . . . i n-ionad a dhíoghbhála ó R., AFM iv 670 . With subj. gen. (?): ní íocfa a Ghéag Thoighe Tháil | acht oile dhéag do[d ?] dhíoghbháil the 12th part of the damage caused by thee (?), Gofraidh Fionn ix § 24 ( DDána 101 ). pl. leiseóchar co dingbāla na díghbala any damage shall be made good, Fianaig. 72 . díoghbhála móra do dhénamh d'Ua N., AFM v 1810 . Also díbail: impo slán iarum can d.¤ , ALC ii 322 . coimedfaid sé h'oghacht can d.¤ unimpaired (said to Mary), 3 B 22, 50b35 .

Note also: dithell .i. dibail no dith, O'Curry 571 ( H 3.18 285 ). is inann dichell ┐ dibail, 575 (286). cen forcned, cin dibail, 1981 ( H 4.22 19 ).

dlúthe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dlúthe or dil.ie/17091

 

n , f. (1 dlúth) IGT Abstr. Nouns § 69 . closeness (of units in a mass), density, compactness: huan dluthi fo chosmailius dorche gl. densitate, Ml. 29d12 - 13 . assa dluthi solidity (of the earth), 129d8 . in dluthe ind flechuid, 81c8 . d.¤ chomsuidigtheo closeness of composition, Sg. 203a25 . d.¤ in tinfith donaib consonaib (of the close connexion of the aspiration with the consonant in the sounds, χ, θ, φ), 9a17 . huan dlúithi séim gl. tenui rima, 46a10 . ni dic[h]ead (dichet, v.l.) scuithe ar a dluithe the small cattle cannot pass through (the fence) for its closeness, Laws iv 112 , cf. 76.19 . mun badh dluithe ┐ daingne a n-innill ┐ a n-ordaighthe, AFM v 1646 . o dhlúithi na néll from the density of the clouds, 3 C 19, 256 vb 21 . re sar-dluithi a sleag, MR 190 . dá dhlúithe ┐ dá dhíoghraisighe bhíd dó however close (intimate) . . . they are with him, TSh. 4247 . Of language, condensation, concision: iarnnberlae .i. is aire isberar, ar a duibe in belrae ┐ ar a dorchatae ┐ ar a dluithe (dlúthi, LB) co nāch erasa taisscelad ind, Corm. Y 755 . tri miscena indsci: rigne, dlúithe, dulbaire (.i. ar muin a chéile, gl.), Triads 179 .

doéscair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. doéscair or dil.ie/17585

 

Forms: dáiscuir, daiscuir, doescair, doiscairem

adj i

(a) n buffoon, jester; adj jesting, jeering, flippant: dáiscuir gl. scurra, parasitus, Sg. 56b2 . ic athḟescain na . . . delbi doescairi druidechta, TBC-LL¹ 2748 . nā rup oirfited lind fégad furseori ┐ dáine doescaire (= praeconum aspectibus), PH 6873 . nā roluaidemm . . . briathra doescaire (= scurrilia), 6880 .

(b) common, mean, vulgar: daiscuir gl. uulgari (conuersatione), Ml. 37b5 . ní ba roescaid ar ná ba dáiscuir (doescair, v.l.) do not demean yourself by too much bustling, Tec. Corm. § 19 (p. 38) . is doescair cach can etach n-imbe a man has no self-respect without his clothes, O'Mulc. 462 . cranna doiscairi common trees (= ligna vilia), Ml. 92d6 . gebē bēss fora n-iarair | eter daescair is diamair, | is eol dam cen tíme tra | anmanna binne in berla both exoteric and esoteric, Lec. 55b22 . Common epithet of devils: doescair (of Satan), SR 948 . demun doescair, FA 30 (LB). Superl. inneuch as doiscairem hi tír Israhel, Ml. 105b7 .

Compds. ¤duine common person, one of the rabble: cenmotat . . . drubhar-sluaigh ┐ daescar-daoine, Leb. Gab.(i) 78 . da drabarsluag ┐ da dæscor-dainib, YBL 105a29 . ¤ṡlúag the common herd, rabble: hua doiscarslog gl. uulgaribus, Ml. 90c10 . nábad ardd a chongbál i talam, ┐ robad ádba daíscarsluaig, Trip.² 2399 . nárbhat dian re daescarṡluagh, Acall. 587 . dáescarsluag díc[h]oimsech an domain déin, ZCP viii 208 . buidre fri daéscarṡlúag turning a deaf ear to the rabble, Tec. Corm. § 3 (p. 10) . ní bhí dúithche san mbioth gan daosgarshluagh, Keat. 1 56 . berthar a fir maithi ina dún co hE. ┐ biathtar a ndaescursluag a ndūntaib seachtair, Lec. 409a25 . conid de garar feil Moing[finne] frisin Samain icon dæscursluagh Samain is vulgarly termed the feast of M., BB 264a7 . in spasmus . . . is de gairit an daoscarsluag crupan, 24 B 3, 125.36 . Of an army, common soldiers, the rank and file; camp-followers, sutlers: issé lín ar ndúnaid cenmothá ar ndaescorslúag ┐ ar mná, TBC-I¹ 189 (LU). cia lín dorochair and do daiscorslog, 2003 (LU). a ndirmanda diana daescur[sh]luaig ┐ a ṅgeraiti gaiscid, TTebe 2802 . triochad laoch i ngach luing gan áireamh a mban ná a ndaoscarshluagh, Keat. ii 1241 . Esp. of host of devils: iffrind cona dǽscorṡluagh, FA 3 (LU = doescursluag, LB). diabul cona doescarsluag, PH 8225 ; 6169 , 8143 . an diabhal ┐ a dhaosgar-ṡluagh, TSh. 1455 . daosgar-ṡluagh deamhan, 1974 . Lucifer co n-a daosgors[h]logh demnaidhe, Fl. Earls 156 . tresna daescurshluagaib disciri . . . deamnacda (in Hell), TTebe 190 .

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