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canamain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. canamain or dil.ie/8130

Forms: -amna, c., canamhain

n f., g s. -amna. c.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 10 . Late vn. of canaid. canamhain, IGT Verbs § 73 . cechla .i. c.¤ , O'Dav. 380 . teinn .i. radh no canamuin, Ériu xiii 54 § 5 . Cf. tenn .i. c.¤ , O'Dav. 1547 .

(a) As vn. act of singing, chanting : fáth far' chnesda a c.¤ `why it is seemly to sing of it', Metr. Dinds. iii 58.60 . ? ciol is cle re a ccanamhain, Metr. Gl. D.41 . eala ag canamhain ceoil, Aithd. D. 5.22 . canamhain na salm, Mac Aingil 3601 . Of speech: iolair na haghaidh . . . do chanamhain that many should speak against it (i.e. truth), Content. viii 21 .

(b) chant; less precisely speech, word: lenis cantus .i. c.¤ mīn ālgen do Dia chanting, ZCP v 497.20 . is canamhain choitcheand dictum , ITS xxix 114.8 . `gutha', `consoin', nō a lethēd ele do chanamhnuibh words, Celtica i 96.273 . don airdréim chleachtar i gcanamhain Ghaoidhilge, Hackett² xviii 2 . canamhuin is measardha ná dlíghe na ndámh, Párl. na mB. 2350 (`canon' (?), Gloss.).

Gramm. `anomalous form' ( IGT Decl. Introd. iv ): canamhain ag cuid díbh (of list of nouns), IGT Decl. § 41 . fregra (acht canamhain aige), § 1 . úaibreach do chanamhain atá, úabrach an cert, § 17 . eadradh . . . na headarthacha leis aigi ó chanamhain (i.e. besides the regular n pl. eadraidh and eadartha it has eadarthacha), § 49 . As descript. gen.: comhfhocal canamhna (not to be used as a prefix), Introd. § 100 . bádhadh guthaidhe comhfhocuil canamhna (of formation dáonfhoghaitsgíath etc.), § 144 . Note also: gan ēirghi do ch.¤ ghnáthaigh achd le deimhin bhfoirceaduil as fearr inás í not to depart from ordinary usage(?), § 102 .

cléirech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cléirech or dil.ie/9416

Forms: -eadh, cléirceadh, cléirchiu, clercho, cliarcho, cleirchiu, clerco, cliarcho, cliarcha, cliarcho, clercho, cleircho, cléirche, cléirce

n o, m. (Lat. clericus). Early Mod. Ir. g pl. -eadh, IGT Decl. § 23 . cléirceadh, Ériu v 90.29 . Distinctive v a pl. cléirchiu, also clercho, cliarcho etc. cleirchiu, Snedg. u. Mac R § 51 . clerco, RC ix 22 § 22 . cliarcho, § 21 (cf. also cliarcha, SG 78.16 ). cliarcho, Snedg. u. Mac R § 16 . clercho, § 30 . RC ix 24 § 27 . cleircho, 22 § 22 . Mod. Ir. n pl. also: cléirche, Ir. Syll. Poetry 70 § 1 . cléirce, Rial. S.F. 1397 .

(a) cleric, one in orders (not necessarily an ordained priest): clēirech a clericus i.e. electus , Corm. Y 352 . cleireach gl. clericus, Ir. Gl. 422 . triar c.¤ . . . oc baithis na hi Brigti, Vita Br. 2 . alali clerech sruith, 11 , cf. sruith clérich, LU 1215 . cléirig do dénum it(i)gi a thige, Críth G. 572 . do munntir Coluim / Cille cléirigh, Snedg. u. Mac R § 56 . Cormacc ba cain clérech / haue Liathain, Fél. June 21 . clérich Hérenn, Thes. ii 320.3 ( Hy. ii 61 ). Suarlech co cleirchibh Midhe, AU an. 851 . cisne a trí a nemtiger c.¤? talum-cumscuthad tria firta ar fiadad, marbad na mbeo ┐ beougha na marb, O'D. 2209 (Nero A vii, 144b). dun tsailmcedlaid . . . d' adhantaigh ┐ do cleirech gu coraind a tonsured clerk, Laws v 24.5 Comm. cleirig ┐ mna ┐ mec, i 242.10 (exempt from the liabilities of sellchecht). ro fergaidhedh in clerech, 6.8 Comm. (of Patrick). i comthinoltaib láech ┐ clérech, LU 2253 ( FA 31 ). do cleirchib ┐ caillechaib, Ériu xix 60 § 8 . dechor eter cleirchiu ┐ laichu, § 7 . M. . . . comarba Patraic, cenn cleirech iartair tuaisceirt Eorpa uile, AU an. 1020 . i fiadhnu[i]si cleirech nErenn, idon, in Leghait ┐ U[i] Osein . . . ┐ na n-epscop archena, an. 1157 . mairg thochrus fri cléirchib cell, SG 78.14 . sóifid fiannas i cella ┐ i cleirchiu, RC xxvi 40 § 213 . in rabhattar caraitt cleirech occut `clerical friends', 362.13 . clērech graece cleros, sors, quia de sorte dictum est , O'Mulc. 216 . écosc cléirigh forsin dara fer ┐ écoscc láich for araile, SG 78.30 . cuigir no seisir do chleirchibh ┐ do shagartaibh do mharbhadh, AU iii 600.3 . gabhait clérich na cille occ ettarghuidhe an Choimdedh, Hugh Roe² 40.27 . clérech ná tuata `person Ecclesiastical', RSClára f. 52a . adeirmisne, na bráithre cléirigh, an o[i]ffige do réir na cléire oile (officium dicebamus nos clerici secundum alios clericos), Rial. S.F. 1648 . sacramaint ina ttabhairthear cumhachda ┐ grása do shagartaibh ┐ do chléircibh, Parrth. Anma 3091 .

(b) clerk; scholar, man of letters : laoch clerech `a lay cleric(?)' (distinguished in text from fer graidh), Ériu viii 121.5 . cethrar cleirech fo an inadh a caithinn an t-imperi a cuid ac scribenn cach oenḟocuil da n-abar sé, Maund. 193 . a maigistreacha moreladhnacha ┐ a cleirigh canonda, Stair Erc. 1782 . na héigsi is dot fháidhibhsi, / na cléirche, na cliarsgola, Ir. Syll. Poetry 70 § 1 . clerech uisce Arda Macha, BCC 358.26 (§ 337) . do ba cléirech do ba [ceard] `a sage', A. Ó Dálaigh lv 21 . do chiúnaidh cleireach [na comhairle] . . . an pobal `the town-clerk', Acts xix 35 .

(c) sacristan, acolyte : dá ndeachaidh an cléireach . . . i n-am an Aifrinn do rádh, dlighidh an sagart an chuid eile de'n Aifrionn do fhriothólamh dhó féin dá raibh an cléireach gan filleadh chuige, Eochairsg. 125.22 . go cclérech ndeghchluach ndesgrédech `Clarke', RSClára f. 88b . coisrig thū féin mar aon ris an tshagart ┐ freagair dhō leis an ccléireach (at Mass), Parrth. Anma 4419 . bhí an cléirioch sásta, / an sagart ró-bhaodhach, ZCP v 217 ( Midnight court 505 ). ní maith sagart gan cléireach, cited Mid. Court glossary s.v.

(d) As epithet or sobriquet: Corcran cleirech, cenn Eorpa im crabud ┐ im ecna, AU an. 1040 . Tadhg mac in cleirigh .H. Concobair, an. 1056 . da mac Maelcobha Clerich, MacCarthy 402.1 . Clereach (? leg. in c.¤) Ua Sealbhaigh, ard comharba Bairre, AFM ii 922.12 .

dliged

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dliged or dil.ie/17034
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: dlíged, dligeth, dleged, dligid, dligud, dliguth, ndliged, dligetha, dligeda, dliged, dliged, dligedaib, dligedib, dlige, dligid, dligid, dliged, dligetha, dligedaib

n o, n. n a s. dlíged, Wb. 10d16 , 19 . dligeth, Sg. 26b7 . dleged, Ml. 50d2 . g s. dligid, Wb. 3c7 , 13a29 . d s. dligud, 5d8 . Ml. 19d10 . Sg. 71a6 . dliguth, 26b7 . frisa ndliged , Wb. 23c11 . a pl. dligetha, Wb. 6a23 ; 13a29 . dligeda, Ml. 35b1 . dliged, 18c11 . g pl. dliged, 35b17 . d pl. dligedaib, Ml. 16b6 . dligedib, Sg. 193b6 . Later often dlige.

Charles-Edwards, Celtica xxiv 75-78 , proposes the following ordering for the O.Ir. senses: I (a) an individual’s entitlement, right. (i) a right in respect of fair contract as opposed to naidm ‘binding surety’. (ii) name of the second of the five paths to judgement chosen by a plaintiff who is the creditor in a contract, whereas the third path, cert, is chosen by someone arguing that the terms of a contract were unfair, Cóic Con. § 8-9 (R/E Recension) . (iii) Of the judicial settlement of a claim which follows upon the defendant’s decision to accept legal process, the right as upheld by a judicial verdict. Hence (iv) rightful state or condition. (b) (collectively) body of rights. (c) thing or action to which someone is entitled; debt, obligation. (d) g s. as attrib.: rightful. (e) As adverb: rightfully. II (Latin usage) (a) = ratio: (i) calculation (ii) argument (iii) reason (iv) grammatical process, mode or method of forming derived (v) rational order, intelligible structure (b) = sententia or dictum (sometimes ‘correct statement’ in contrast to toimtiu ‘wrong opinion’). (c) = intellectus . To which add (d) form: amal rochumtaig thall i céttustin na ndúl na curpu dermara den dligud nemaicside ┐ den dligud nemchorptha ro techtsat co hinchlithe intib na dúli dia ro tusmidea na cu[i]rp sin '… as He (God) had fashioned then in the primal creation of all the elements the vast bodies from the invisible form and from the incorporeal form which the elements out of which those bodies were generated possesed latent within them' Medium Ævum lxxviii 219 (LU 2598, Scéla na esérgi) .

I In O.Ir. Glosses in various senses of the Lat. ratio which it freq. glosses or translates ( Wb. 5d8 , cf. 24b21 , Ml. 19d1 , 27d7 , 54a4 , 111c17 , Sg. 40a7 , 61a9 , 63a9 , 75a1 , 181a8 , BCr. 3c ). Transl. ius, Ml. 98c8 , cf. Sg. 11b2 ; dictum , Ml. 35b1 . Acr. 6a1 . placitum ( maxim, rule ), Sg. 7b9 .

(a) In sense of Lat. ratio, guiding principle, law, or theory (regarded as basis of belief or action): iár ṅdligud hirisse gl. secundum rationem fidei, Wb. 5d8 . ni fel nech lasa mbed d.¤ remdeicsen do dechrugud etir maithi ┐ olcu, Ml. 19d2 . d.¤ buithe in boicht fo mam int sommai the principle that the poor should be under the yoke of the rich, 27d7 . ba nephimmaircide nad techtadsom d.¤ coimdemnachtae isnaib dulib doforsat gl. ut nihil iuris haberet in his quae ipse consederat, 17b6 . conna biad d.¤ n-erchissechta la dia gl. miserationis ius, 98c8 . ní coméicnigedar na d.¤ insin gl. nulla ratione cogente, Sg. 61a9 . ní chen d.¤ a nephdiall gl. non absque ratione non declinatur, 75a1 . do chloud in dligid sin view, theory, gl. ad huiusmodi depellendum errorem, Ml. 56b16 .

Hence (b) principle, rule, norm ; common in Sg. of laws of grammar, etc.: d.¤ lechtha .n. post .m. the law of the liquidation of n after m, Sg. 11b2 . d.¤ nihelsa rule of nullity, 14a2 . conforcmat d.¤ inna ṅdiuite so that they (components) preserve the law of uncompounded words, 21b4 . a nd.¤ cruthaigtheo genitensa this norm of forming the genitive, 113b3 . d.¤ rimae law of calculating, 181a8 . ised slánd.¤ salto, noichtiche col-leuth du árim i n-éscu the sound law of the leap (gl. salva ratione), BCr. 3c . dlighi gl. rhetorica, Ir. Gl. 87 .

(c) dictum , authoritative statement: ni ed a met demnigmi-ni ar ndligeda ho testimnib screptaire gl. dicta nostra, Ml. 35b1 . ní fail ní nád tái mo dligeth-sa fair (Priscian is the speaker), Sg. 26b7 . inna dligeda anúas roráitsem, Thes. ii 2.34 ( Acr. 6a1 ). dofuit im lín chéin d.¤ ndoraid, Thes. ii 293.21 (SP ii). atta ni forsatæt a nd.¤ sa which supports this statement (that David alone sang the psalms), Hib. Min. 5.149 . More loosely of a statement or saying in general: adrimfem . . . cech n-oin d.¤ fil in psalmis , Ml. 14d5 . trisna dligeda mrechtnichti inna aisndissen `varied expressions', 44d11 . 76a13 .

(d) reason, argument: n-armtar (sic leg.) condegdligedaib dia frithtuidecht with good reasons to oppose them gl. his obiectionibus . . . poterint armari, Ml. 16b6 . ata d.¤ ann there is reason for it, PH 5207 . ata ni do dligudh and, Anecd. ii 17.8 . in dligedchetil so gl. ratiocinationis, ZCP vii 480 ( Enchir. Aug. 71a ).

(e) reckoning, computation (?): intan as conguin dligid hua dligud ailiu `the violation of a reckoning by another reckoning' gl. de ratione (computation, referring to calendar), Sg. 181a8 .

(f) nature, condition, kind, manner: ní ó ógai tantum acht is . . . ó dligud lanamnasa the lawful state (?) of matrimony, Thes. ii 3.34 . is he sin dlige (leg. dliged) demin tresa tanic an imagin-se Crist . . . co Siria, PH 232 .

II Hence law in wide sense, of a prescript, code, or tradition based on authority of some kind and demanding obedience; `both law in general and a subjective legal right', Críth G. p. 84 . See also Cóic Con. 8 , Stud. in E. Ir. Law 13 , 16 . duni conái dligid (= dliged?) Dé, SR 449 . iar ndligud Dé, 4447 . dliged a n-ecailse, 4920 . iar ndliged rechta Moysi, PH 5110 . comedait d.¤ na fírinde diada, 4063 . iar ndligud chardessa no chondalbais according to the law of gossipred or relationship, RC xxv 248 . is do chóicid Connacht iar ndlighed roindi coicid in ferann sin according to the law of the division of a province (or in sense I (f) above ?), RC xxiv 186 . Esp. of civil law: ata i ndlige na fēine buachaill oc cach cethra it is (enacted) in the law of the F. that, Laws iv 96.22 . issed adeir dligedh this is what the law says, 48.9 Comm. dlighe frithe the legal regulations regarding waifs, v 336.9 Comm. fail lim d.¤ is damna, | senchas sliged sóer-Banba ` legal lore ', Metr. Dinds. iii 278 . ní mheasaim go bhfuil cine . . . is mó do bhiadh umhal do dhlighe ionáid Éireannaigh dá roinnti comhthrom an dhlighidh riú, Keat. iii 5751 . gur chumadar dlighthe . . . dhóibh féin contrárdha do dhlighthibh . . . na hanma, TSh. 2929 . reacht, dlighe, Eg. Gl. 520 . fear dlighidh lawyer , Hy Fiach. 50 . dochtúirí an dlighidh, Luke v 17 . dliged Canona, AU 1336 . saoi foircthe isin dá dhligheadh .i. ciuil ┐ canóin, Hy Fiach. 74 . ard maighistir dlighid nua ┐ sendlighidh hi lex ┐ canoin, ALC i 600.x = ardmhaighistir dlighidh nuifhiadnaisi ┐ shenreachta, AFM iii 526 . ? isin cet bliadin den dlegaid in the first year of the (penitential) rule (i.e. of my life as an incluse), MacCarthy 15 . Passing into sense of judgement or jurisdiction: (Michael) is e dobera d.¤ tar cend na noem ┐ na fhiren il-lou bratha, PH 6272 . lá an dlighidh (i.e. Doomsday ), A. Ó Dálaigh xxxv 6 . ro cuireadh dliccheadh fair go ro daoradh dochum báis, AFM vi 1906 . ina mbáoi fo dliccheadh ó Bhoinn co Comar all who were subject to the laws (of England), v 1730 . adubhairt nach rabhadur sin fa na ndlighe féin, Gadelica 234 ( PCT 1746 ). Cf. also: do bhreith fhiledh craoi Cuinn | do bhí a ndlighedh í Dhomhnaill subject to O'D. (?), Book of O'Conor Don 182b5 . In sense of abstract justice, right: fir ┐ d.¤ (sic leg.), cert ┐ techta, Cóic Con. 15 § 1 ( Laws i 258.19 ). intí tí a seilbh gan d.¤ unlawfully , iv 270.24 Comm. damad cinnte leis na demtha d.¤ do, 4.14 Comm. nírbo cam in d.¤ (of a just retribution), Corm. Y 698 . g s. as attrib.: a fer dligid her lawful husband, Wb. 3c7 . co cétmunteras dligid, Críth G. 339 . ma daime dáil ndligid dún, Ériu vii 227 § 64 .

III What is lawful or incumbent, duty, obligation . Cf. Ml. 54a4 : is d.¤ leu tabart inna fochaide foraib they deem it a law that (gl. ratione patientes). arna dich cách assa dligud i nadaltras lest everyone go out of his duty, Wb. 9d24 . d.¤ cach epscoip so (gl. cuius . . . opus est scire, etc.), RC viii 367 . is é d.¤ na mban beth i tāi, Anecd. v 23 n. 13 . Cf. further: ni bit i ndligud fri nech, ni bi nech a ndligudh friu they are indebted to nobody (?), Laws i 206.6 Comm. (or in meaning V?). As pred., is d.¤ (dom) it is right (for me), it is (my) duty: mar so is dligedh a radha .i. mui[n], etc. this is the right way to say it, Corm. Y 850 . is ed ba d.¤, fer grāid cecha chille, Ériu i 220 § 16 . BB 192a35 . is dligead duit an féar-sa do cur ar t'altaib, O'Gr. Cat. 294.27 . atáit ceithre féilti . . . ana dligeadh do parráisdeach tiacht chum eagailsi, 318.14 . adeir Ipocras gurab dligedh don liaigh beth co hinntleachtach (= oportet . . .), 23 P 10, 10a1 . Often in combination with dír: is dír ┐ is dlighedh duinn . . . briathra fíri do chantain, CCath. 630 . laidh . . . is dir ┐ is dligeadh d'éicsib d'aisnéis, MR 92.4 . g s. as pred.: ni dluig ┐ ni dligid duit-siu, MR 154.1 . as dior ┐ as dligid do, 264.11 . But in these two exx. perh. simply for dliged.

IV What is right or due (to someone); due, right, prerogative: dlíged sacairt i tempul a priest's right in the temple, Wb. 10d16 . dligetha gl. reddite omnibus debita, 6a23 . cid nodasóera? A ndéis a nd.¤ cach áe according to the legal right of each (of the grades of nobility), Críth G. 319 . fri d.¤ tuise claim to leadership, Cóic Con. 16 § 3 . sreth failsigthi na conaire fugill is d.¤ , 18 § 8 . ? tabair dam inad it churp | iarmo dliged, iarm' intliucht, SR 1154 . ? co n-indised a ndíre ┐ a nd.¤ doib, PH 824 . da n-ícat mo screpul-sa | is mo dlighed, Anecd. ii 34 . ma beith do uaisle ind fhir grāid . . . doformagar a dligid, Ériu i 220 § 15 . nico raga bairgen dot dligiud so you shall not lack a loaf of your due, Anecd. i 11 . caire ainsic . . . .i. iarsinni aisices a d.¤ do gach ae, Corm. Y 361 . With DO: ni gébed Ioseph nach fiach | óna tuathaib acht mad biad . . . dia dligiud (sic leg.: ciniud) do ríg Egept J. would not take any debt . . . of what was due to the king unless paid in provisions, SR 3392 . don laech ucud diar ba dlighed an smior who was entitled to the marrow, MR 70.11 . inní nach dligedh don Rígh . . . ná sír seek not aught that is not due to the king (?), ZCP vii 301 § 13 . In pl.: rofiadaiged ar grádaib ┐ dánaib ┐ dligedaib according to (their) rights (?), TBC-LL¹ 997 . ? ro ordaigh a cuit coir ar dāinib is ar dligedaib . . . do gach duni, Cog. 82 (possibly conditions , cf. I (f) above). Folld. by AR (FOR): asberit conad ferr a nd.¤ forsin righi annāi-si that their right to the realm is better than thine, Marco P. 54 .

V Due, tax, tribute: domeled Clothru dligeda Connacht the tribute of C. (?), LL 125a1 . ba cu comorbu Peaduir . . . teghedh cis ┐ d.¤ Erenn, Ériu vii 244.10 . tuctha císai ┐ dligedai o fheraib domain do rigu na Pers, Alex. 208 . ni thabrum císa na d.¤ do demnaib, 903 . dligheadha righ Ereann, AFM ii 662.13 . dlighe an mhuilinn do thabhairt don tighearna, TSh. 10074 .

VI Faculty of reason (an extension of I (d) above): dlighedh gl. ratio (distinguished from intellectus), Ir. Gl. 879 . ídail cen cheill cin d.¤ , PH 2520 . iar comairle a menman ┐ a dligid, 4745 . ó scrútán inmedonach a ndligid ┐ a n-intliuchta, RC xxv 248 § 28 (LU). amail betis dóine co ndligud aicenta iat (of foxes), LB 127a42 .

VII As vn. of dligid deserving: dia nderna nech . . . gnim gin dliged a oidedha dhe any deed not deserving of death, Marco P. 41 . dia marbthur nech do d.¤ bais (for an offence) deserving death, 51 .

1 doraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 doraid or dil.ie/18263

Forms: doirthe

(? do + réid, see GOI p. 104 ).

I As adj. difficult, uneven, rough: doraidh .i. aimhréidh, O'Cl. cid ecen aisndís doneuch as doruid `to explain whatever is difficult', Ml. 14d3 . dliged n-d.¤ `a difficult dictum ', Thes. ii 293.21 . hi tucu cheist nd.¤ ndil, 25 . is d.¤ an n-uidi, atā Slīab Fhuaid etruib, TBC-I¹ 377 . is d.¤ inn aircetul, Ériu v 32.5 . ropu doraidh laisna huctaru na nGāidel cinnas noroinnfitis chrao ┐ díbad, Ériu i 214.1 . is fota int immun ┐ is d.¤ , Trip.² 1342 . tar ath ndoraidh n-iomdhomhain, Hugh Roe 24.23 . Of the hand stout, sturdy (?): gabais . . . a gae ina durn d.¤ , LL 34a34 . a chuach na desdurn d.¤ , Ériu iv 100 § 33 . hard, harsh: as doraidh mo dhíol hard is my fate, BS 24.z . secht mblīadna dó i ndeilb d.¤ in hard plight, Fianaig. 46 § 2 .

II As subst. difficulty, trouble: du thabairt d.¤ du glé, Thes. ii 294.4 . cen doraith `ohne Schwierigkeit(en)', Bürgschaft 15 § 51c ; see also 9 § 22 . rí roroén romaib cen meth | cech nd.¤ for cech oenleth, SR 7426 . rofitir . . . a ndo d.¤ tarraid Coin Culaind, LU 9150 ( FB § 39 ). (A prayer for protection) ar dhoraidh ó dhíabul, ZCP x 347 § 3 . dál dia fuair doirthe troubles, vexations , Metr. Dinds. ii 412 (doirche, v.l.). derbairdeda doirrthi ┐ figrad firuilc, TTebe 2720 (doirrchi, v.l.). ? dorinne C. doraidh maith `C. made good pursuit' (a good fight ?), AU ii 464.3 . difficult or uneven place: dafuarcaib a thré[n]fher dar d.¤ , Trip.² 2042 . cros Críst orm fri gach ndoraidh | iter fán ┐ tulaig, Laud 615, 55 . rí dosfuc for so[i]rthib sláin | a doirthib díthruib dermáir, SR 5073 . arna ragbad Dair conair chuimgi ┐ doirthe na Frigia fair, Alex. 166 (= doirchi, BB).

As n.pr. oróit do D.¤ , Thes. ii 287.31 .

1 dron

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dron or dil.ie/18803

adj o,ā Primary meaning solid, firm, substantial , hence fig. downright, thorough, emphatic, vigorous: d.¤ .i. daingen, LL 311b18 . d.¤ .i. direch no daingen, O'Dav. 733 . d.¤ .i. daingean, O'Cl. .i. drocht(e) nó díreach, Lec. Gl. 233 .

Of things: nosirfed in domon nd.¤ , LU 3566 ( SCC § 29 ). 'mon dorus nd.¤ , SR 4233 . triasin drummslait druin, 4277 . drochte dronai, 476 . múr d.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 256 . dún d.¤ , 226 . in derc d.¤ `the deep hole', 344 . coire d.¤ , SG 371.20 . lán secht ndabhach nd.¤ , MR 128.23 . dron-aicde, ACL iii 220.25 . dron-fhert, Metr. Dinds. iii 6 . dronmind dergóir (of bells), SR 4506 . ór d.¤ solid (?) gold, 4309 . dual dergóir druin, Fianaig. 14 § 36 . sciath d.¤ , 259.23 . arm dric d.¤ , LL 146b22 ( PRIA xix 542 ). dracon . . . d.¤ a chrí, Metr. Dinds. ii 82.34 . each dron-chara strong-haunched , TBC-I¹ 3390 . cia no[m]beth cét tengad d.¤ fri sirlabra, SR 825 . sére d.¤ strong meat (of flesh dressed as venison), 2857 . doinenn d.¤ , Acall. 675 v.l. diliu d.¤ , Rawl. 76a24 .

Transf. and fig.: ní sulbir in briathar .i. ní d.¤ gl. sermo contemptibilis, Wb. 17b4 . atberim frit aithesc nd.¤ , SR 1873 (cf. 825 quoted above). dliged ndoraid co ndronchéill `a difficult dictum with hard meaning' ( pithy?), Thes. ii 293.21 (SP ii). ar dēin co ndroncōiri a `dian'-poem with sound construction, Laws v 58.27 , cf. O'Dav. 849 . naoi mbliadhna atfes, arimh d.¤ a sound computation (?), AFM 923 (poem). tria drungo drona dagdrēcht, ZCP xii 246 § 18 . Germáin oc Tuathaib De d.¤ (epithet of the language or possibly adv.), SG 348.9 . dronchetal, ACC § 115 (`steadfast song', RC xx 282 ; resonant, forcible?). co mbad druine cech cetal in cetal sa, ib., Comm. deilm as druiniu (druine, MS.), ZCP viii 561 § 2 . co Drobáis dron-garm, LL 8b42 . drongáir na lúirech din , TBC-LL¹ 5075 ; Fianaig. 90.16 ; SG 322.12 ( ¤ghaire). Clann Colmāin do triall dronbāig in gech dāil stout fighting (?), BB 45a8 . dímus d.¤ , BColm. 78 . dronfhuirech `strong durance', Metr. Dinds. ii 26.18 . dí bliadain ceithri deich d.¤ (a mere expletive?), Arch. Hib. ii 86 § 49 . do chungid digi drune ( invigorating?), LL 34a52 ( Ériu iv 102 § 42 ).

Of persons: Dia d.¤ , SR 4049 , cf. 2409 , 7825 . in Dagda d.¤ , Ériu vii 220.29 , cf. 226.18 . Dáire dímer d.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 134 . a dalta d.¤ , LL 152b13 . cóiciur dírmach (sic leg.) d.¤ , Ériu iv 100 § 31 . cona chléir ind ḟírdhruin, Fél. Dec. 3 . for dirmaib dronaib, LL 273b11 . saer d.¤ durrtaigi (drond.¤?), Laws v 102.24 , cf. O'Dav. 733 . drongemm (of a pers.), Gorm. July 7 .

Used adverbially: file nach d.¤ dechraighfas sochur, dochur . . . who will not firmly (?) distinguish, ZCP iv 237 . d.¤ forfuirmedh `have been put firmly', Fianaig. 14 § 35 . dia mben crann co docht d.¤ frisin cnocc, SR 2003 . doní co d.¤ a drúidecht, Metr. Dinds. iii 44 .

Compds.

(a) With nouns, see exx. above.

(b) With adjj.: ¤adbul, Metr. Dinds. iii 338 . ¤ard, ii 44.32 . ¤bude, FB § 45 . ¤mas, SR 6890 . ¤oll, 343 .

(c) With adjj. derived from nouns: ¤altach with massive cliffs (?): i cind d. Deilgthen, LL 133a12 . ¤cherddach of sound craftsmanship, RC xxvi 20 § 46 . IT iii 31.17 . ? ¤chobach: pl. -chobcha (of horses), LL 189a10 . ¤chóchech strong-haunched (of a horse), FB § 50 . ¤argda of solid silver, § 45 . ¤órdae, § 50 , cf. TBC-I¹ 2331 .

epert

Cite this: eDIL s.v. epert or dil.ie/20181
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: epert, ebert, aipert, ebear, ebirt, epert, ebirt, ebert, eipirt, eperte, epertae, eperta, eperta, eper

n ā, f. (vn. of as-beir) n s. ind epert , Sg. 25b10 . ebert, Ml. 35c27 . aipert, 50b8 . ebear, Lec. Gl. 190 . ebirt, O'Cl. Later 1 abairt, q.v. a s. tri epert , Ml. 92c4 . d s. ebirt, 40c6 . ebert, 94a2 . eipirt, LL 330e8 . g s. eperte, Wb. 24c5 . epertae, Ml. 59a18 . inna eperta , Sg. 207 b9 . n p. inna eperta , 73b2 . g p. eper , Auraic. 592 (< BB 320a13 ).

a) saying, uttering; a saying, utterance, dictum , word: ebeart .i. rad, Lec. Gl. 190 . ebirt .i. rádh, O'Cl. sluindith folad ind epert the word [= dictio] expresses substance Sg. 25b10 . ba contra spem dó epert fris rombad pater to tell him Wb. 2c24 . ómun epertae nad rabae fear of saying that there was not Ml. 59d18 . ebert dó domine that he should say `domine' 35c27 .

With prolept. pron.: iarna epirt do Dia biat after God said: let them be 51d13 . a epert cluinte the use of (the word) `hear' 136a10 .

nirbo chuit eperte tantum (gl. non fuit in sermone tantum) Wb. 24c5 . is irdorcu epirt it is clearer than speech (i.e. it is needless to say) 28b32 . Ml. 122d7 . Sg. 23b3 . cia etirscartar inna eperta bíte isin chomsuidigthiu , Sg. 73b2 . in gach æ-ebirt ilfoclaig, BB 328b1 = Auraic. 1557 (= aoneipert ilfoclach, 4787 < YBL 239b2 ). ordugud comimaircide na n-epert = ordinatio congrua dictionum Auraic. 592 . fir dianad cuma a n-epeirt ┐ a n-aicde whose word is as good as their deed, whose word is their bond Laws iii 4. 15 Comm. Cóic Con. p. 18 z . Laws iii 326.25 Comm. (eipirt). eipert ┐ aiccde .i. fer risnad cuma .i. risnad comor, a abairt do fein ┐ bad ucca toghaide lais trebaire air ann, O'Dav. 795 . Cóic Con. p. 18.11 . cid teite for fornaidm caich? Ni ansa. Miach for breithir [.i.] aipert boairech [sic leg. Bürgschaft p. 12 ] the declaration ZCP xiii 24.5 (but: aperta, 19.31 . aipert, 20.16 seem to belong to idbart).

(b) description: ebirt .i. tuarasgbháil. as í a ebirt chomhadhais .i. as í a thuarasgbháil chomhadhais, O'Cl. is lia indisi ┐ epirt a ndo ligdath doadbat beyond telling Ériu ii 114.8 .

geltine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. geltine or dil.ie/25608

n (lit. white fire ?) some kind of tinder or phosphorescence: fochnod ... Is āimind īarom geltine (geilthene, Hy.) in crīnach sin. Inde dicitur: gilithir geltine giliu fochunad; noch is lasair sōn. Inde dictum est: grīan in gaim geltine (gelthene Hy.), Corm. Y 591 . Cf. Corm. (LB), p. 20 .

3 gibne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 gibne or dil.ie/25826

n a dog (?) : g.¤ canis, ut dictum est : gibne gortach, Corm. Y 732 . g.¤ .i. cu, gibne gortach .i. cu gortach, O'Cl.

mén

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mén or dil.ie/31927
Last Revised: 2019

n i, (cf. W. min `lip') a mouth (poetic word).

(a) in lit. sense: mén bél, Forus Foc. 58. O'Cl. men .i. bel ut dictum est . . . mairg troich tar roï rēna | atchi mēna mac snāma, Corm. Y 948. engais Gabrán cléir chachta | m.¤ [mein v.l.] co n-abrán anrachta `with a frenzied chant in their mouths' (of hounds baying), Metr. Dinds. iii 158. ? do sil Luigdeach ba maith men (: laechNell), CGSH § 662.59 n. gg-gg​​​ .

(b) an opening in a coast, a gulf: m.¤ mára .i. bél na mara, O'Cl. mēn mara (: frēmh), Leb. Gab.(i) i 66.11 (= méin mara, LL 5b48 ). en-mhac Manannain don mhēn (: Dibél), ib. 184.13 (= don méin . . . dobéil, LL 11b16 ). a thuaig no telged . . . fri cach ména mórthuile `against all the flood-tide of the bay', Metr. Dinds. iv 226 = fri hagaid in tuile, RC xvi 76 - 7 .

(c) a sea-monster, whale? m.¤ mara .i. bleidhmhiol bhios isin muir, O'Cl. men .i. miolmór, Leb. Gab.(i) i 66 n. 8 . Prob. a mistaken inference from exx. like Corm. Y 948.

Compd. with vb.: co ménscaíled [in muir] ina ettrigib anfóilli was divided into gulfs, LL 219b38 = TTr. 195.

Cf. ménagud.

1 ní

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ní or dil.ie/33145

Forms: ní, níi, neich, neuch, neoch, neo, niu, neo, niu, ní, níos, níosa

indef. pron., neut. of nech. n a s. ní ( fri níi , Wb. 8a4 ). g s. neich. d s. neuch, later neoch. An older (?) d s. neo, niu also occurs in O.Ir.: cia e[r] neo , Ml. 101a4 ; ci er niu , 47b1 . In late Mid. and Mod.Ir. ní is often used in d s., see II.

(a) anything, aught , used like nech in indef. or neg. sent. or question; ní, gl. quippiam, Ml. 23c12b , 27d9 . gl. quicquam, 3a10 . cia ar neoch dorrignis? (gl. ad quid hoc fecisti?), Sg. 217a5 ; cf. cia e[r] neo, gl. quamobrem, Ml. 101a4 . cech duine shirfess ni fort whoever shall ask aught of thee, PH 462. ní macc ní none (of the animals mentioned) is a son, Enchir. Aug. 83b ( ZCP vii 484 ). buith cen denum neich, gl. otiosae, Wb. 29a4 . ní hecal dó ní he has no cause to fear, CRR 18. ním-raib ní may I possess nought, ZCP vii 308 § 1. nir choemnacair in tene ni doib, PH 4045. ní fuil uiresbaid neich ar bith orra, Maund. 227.

In sense something (= Lat. aliquid): ní do thabairt do neuch (= aliquid proferre), Ml. 98a4 . is mithich dún in tinnscital ní do dénum to begin to do something, ZCP viii 175.25 (Laon Glosses), where neich might be expected. ní damsa ! (give) me something! ZCP iii 212 § 24. eroslaicced [a rusc] ┐ itconnairc ní he saw somewhat (of a blind boy restored to sight), PH 1322. aithcomarc neich dond áos fuirbti consulting men of perfect life about some matter, Mon. Tall. 23. do bid . . . ag iarraid neich ar Colam, ZCP vii 304 § 14.

(b) commonly folld. by DE (partitive) = any (some) part (amount, number) of: huare nad robae ní do degnímaib leu they had no good works, Ml. 15d9 . nephdenum neich di ulc, 23c20 . ni tabrait ní de dena [= dona] bochtaib they give nought of it, Mon. Tall. 57. nipta ni dom deolaidecht ye have nought of my grace, SR 1444. cor glanmais . . . ni diar cintaib some of our sins, 1576 . co rucsat ní dia n-indmas leo, PH 1000. ni fogní . . . ní di nach ret do denam to do anything whatever, Mon. Tall. 45. conid ní de buadaib Duind Cualnge insin the above are some of the triumphs of the D.C., TBC-LL¹ 1543. ní dhe nad be leosam de ḟid no tuighe any timber or thatch they have not, Irish Texts i 19 § 3 (leg. ní nád, etc.). ba headh so ni dia chrābad .i. fodail bidh ┐ lenna, etc., ZCP xii 291.13 . ar báig ni ar ni do drúis for love, not for any lust (?), Ériu iv 106.3 . ropo ní do dáil decm[a]ing somewhat of a hard test (condition), 108z . Bersibé . . . ina ḟuil ní da n-ecailsib an rígh (leg. aniugh), Maund. 50. iar milleadh neith dia n-arbhannaibh, AFM ii 1068. 13 . Referring to persons: connā terna ni dona .v. gaiscedaib dēc so that not one of the fifteen champions escaped, TBC-I¹ 556. Diarmait . . . co ní do Ghallaibh do thiachtain `with a force of foreigners', AU ii 240.17 .

(c) folld. by defining rel. clause; with subj. in indef. sent.: boí ní ro glante and something to be purified, Wb. 31c18 , cf. 27a16 . arnach n-aurchoissed som fri níi duronad nach aile anything which any other could do, 8a4 . acht ropa techtae adlúsat .i. ní argara itid díob enough to quench their thirst, Mon. Tall. 53.

With indic.: fosodin . . . .i. fo ní fuan-tuic Pól in accordance with what P. has applied it to, Ml. 35a9 , cf. 35b16 . i nní imme-forlaing guasacht into what caused danger, 38c10 . do deicsin neich as tacair doib what is fitting for them, 47d7 . doguilse di neuch adbaill grief for what perishes, Wb. 16b11 . ar seilg neich nach maith, Ériu i 70.1 . iar neoch dia ecnuch . . . dolleici tenga caich after the blasphemy of Him which each man's tongue utters, ii 118 § 56 . atta ni forsa-taet a ndliged-sa there is something on which this dictum bears, Hib. Min. 5.148 . issi in faithchi techta la Feine, ni rosaig guth cluicc as far as the sound of a bell reaches, Laws iv 194.2 . gur marbad ní nach etir d'airem dib a number beyond counting, RC xix 366.19 .

Folld. by rel. cop. and compar.: ce fodailter ni bes miniu although something less is distributed, Thes. ii 254.14 ( Stowe M. 65b ). táthunn ní as nessa we have something nearer, Fél. Prol. 217. níptá ní bas dilsiu, 185 . ata ní is messu de, SR 1349. nochorb ail dó ní ba mō he desired no more, PH 3315. Used adverbially: nā gnáthaig ni as sia do scél any longer, SR 6031. nā tecar da indsaigid ni bad ṡiriu nō bas mó, TBC-LL¹ 1776. This construction continues in use to form the compar. (the force of the indef. pron. being lost sight of) down to the mod. period, in which it is gradually replaced by the stereotyped forms níos, níosa (< ní as), used regardless of tense. an té agá mbiadh do thoicce shaoghalta ní sa mhó ioná a riachtanas, TSh. 7165 (where the pron. has still some significance). d'eagla go mbiadh ní sa mheasa, 5316 . go nach beidis ní budh faide ag inghreim (= diutius), 5541 . foghail do dhénamh ni as uille to commit any greater depredation, AFM ii 974.5 . ni sa mhó, Proverbs iv 18.

(d) as pred. of cop., somewhat = something that is of consequence, matters : massu ní imdibe if circumcision is aught, Wb. 20b8 . is hé á oenur bes ní (= ut sit Deus omnia in omnibus), 13c3 . is machtnaigthi lim-sa . . . comad ní fíadut-sa in duine aneolach-sa that this ignorant fellow should be aught in thy sight, PH 1759. dia mbad rim contuased rí, | ropad ní a chland dia éis, LL 149a15 . ní ní, gl. nihil, Enchir. Aug. 70b ( ZCP vii 480 ). nídat ní (= nihil sunt), Ml. 79b7 . ni ni nach breth berar nā bidh fri leigend leir leirigther no judgement that is passed is of effect unless it is, etc. , Corm. Y 1224. Cf. further: indiu for lár Dermaigi | aicsiu Fergaili ní ní (= Fergal is not to be seen), ZCP xii 232 § 41. ní ní acht airget a findgrian its fair gravelly bed is nought but silver, Fianaig. 50.6 . ní ní acht mar do an ar ēneing | an ri is Magh F. faí the king under whom is Magh F. is of no account save in the territory to which he has confined himself (?), Irish Texts ii 45 § 1 .

Similarly in phrases: is ní dom é it is a matter of some consequence for me ; is ní limm é I think it important, advisable: nocon fuair freccra budh ní dhó he got no answer that satisfied him, Hugh Roe 94.1 (f. 25a) . coná fuairset troid nó tachar robadh ní dóibh which mattered (i.e. could hinder them), 188.19 (f. 50b) . Cf. ma ueith ní indsaighidh chathrach Mhaoil M. do righaiu whether it be worth while for kings to attack (?), Anecd. ii 58.18 . nír bhó ní lais tocht co heisinnill día furtacht he thought it would be unadvisable, Hugh Roe 204.26 (f. 54b) .

(e) folld. by a noun-clause in appos.; in O.Ir. after the interrog. particle in to emphasize a question = is it a fact that . . .? inní nad n-imcai does he (really) not consider? Ml. 114a15 . inní na fochrothai-siu (gl. numquid non tu ista discutis?), 64a4 . inní bertar ni uaine duib-si? shall anything be taken from us to you? RC v 202 § 24. Cf. mani ni nád ndenam-ni acht is co dug[n]em (gl. docet . . . non nos errare tamen si in Domino spe positâ ea quae agenda sunt . . . intente faciemus), Ml. 23c6 , where Edd. Thes. emend: ma .i. ní nád ndénamni; the sense may be loosely: (we do not err) unless it is the case that we do not do (them), but it is that we may do (them earnestly).

Similarly: bid sí do ṡerc-su bas ní | nad mair inti ceta-bui love for thee will be the cause that thy predecessor lives no longer (i.e. is forgotten), LL 275a10 ( Mór M. 265 ). ma beith ní iarom totim dam-sa if it should turn out that I fall, 288b47 ( RC xiii 440 § 12 ). Cf. the similar use of rud in Mod. Ir.: má's (dá mbadh) rud é go bhféadaim (bhféadainn) if I can (could).

(acht) atá ní (chene) (but) there is something (further), folld. by a main clause in appos. stating an additional fact or consideration; common in Mid.Ir. as a transitional phrase = moreover; however: `atá ní' ar F. `ni batecra ind ḟir sin', TBC-LL¹ 444. acht atá ní, 543 , 1955 . acht ata ní chena, torchratar tri cet curad, Fianaig. 92.27 . acht ata ni chena, muidhis for na hIndecdhaibh, Marco P. 33. Cf. the later construction: dar léo féin a ccomhfoccus doibh, acht aon-ní dob uidhe trí lá é however, it was (really) a journey of three days, BNnÉ 71 § 121 . ní hiad naoimh an bheatha bhí | thig díom d'áireamh acht éin-ní: | gach naomh dar naomhadh ar nimh not (only) the saints of earth whom I can recount, but actually all the saints that have been hallowed in heaven, Dán Dé xxv 73 .

See also nech III.

rergagán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rergagán or dil.ie/35137

Forms: reargagán

n o, m. a little blackbird : rer .i. lon . . . inde dictum est . . . mac rergagāin (.i. mac Lonāin), Corm. Y 1103 ; same verse quoted Auraic. 709 (mac r[e]arrgugan; errgugain, raragain v.l.), 3111 (rergoccain), 3464 (rerccuccain). reargagán `a little blackbird', O'R. See rer.