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2 báire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 báire or dil.ie/5226

 

Forms: bāire, baire

n expld. as leader, chief: bāire, graece barones fortes dicuntur , Corm. Y 154. barae graece barones mercinari fortess dicuntur . Broc fochracae didiu in bari, unde dicitur bare buri, O'Mulc. 124. baire .i. saí, Ériu xiii 76.208 . bari na sárḟiadach sáer / Sláni, LL 4182 = baire, BB 56a1 . do thuit naonbhar do bhairibh na bruighne `nine of the chiefs', ITS v 176.27 . ? cen bró-guine b.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iv 70.3 . ? Cf. bár.

coruiles

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coruiles or dil.ie/50144
Last Revised: 2019

 

n collateral (artery): eirgid deathuigi fuara isna rannaib uachtaracha ┐ gairter 'coruiles' dib asin innsgi coitcinn, Irish Texts v 24.21 = quae a vulgo Collaterales dicuntur .

1 ena

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ena or dil.ie/20042

 

n ena a uino eno [οἶνῳ] enim graece. uinum... ruiced for cech lestra i mbi lind messc condat ena dicuntur , O'Mulc. 402 . Stokes takes this as pl. of ian, q.v.

gelid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gelid or dil.ie/25582

 

Forms: gelid, géldae, rogelt, nephglidi

v (a) grazes, consumes: gelid (gl. depascitur), Sg. 143b1 . Cf. Thes. ii 227.34 . 3 p. rel. géldae (gl. depasci [dicuntur ]), Ml. 80a11 . rogelt (gl. depastus est), Thes. i 5.41 . gelid quia ithid, O'Mulc. 634 . nā gelad (gelat LU) ind eich and, TBC-I¹ 642 . geltadar dā ech Sūaltaim a fēr, 247 . bó geiles in fer, KMMisc. 262 § 11 . gealaid dia boin seach rodam two cows graze more than a large ox, Laws iv 100.20 Comm. Bo Goiunend dano: aní nogeleth nomeleth itir feur ocus uisce, Anecd. ii 59.12 . heich Deghad ... uail a ngeltatar ... deotar itir uir ocus griaun, ib. 10 . [ni] gellad bó imfurail sech aroile, Dinds. § 98 ( RC xvi ). Of birds: no thathigtís énlaith mág ar Emuin. Na gelltís, conna facabtais cid mecnu na fér ... hi talam, IT i 136.2 ( LU 10559 ). ZCP v 501.1 . With cognate acc.: airigsitar in gleith (geilt, LU) geltadar ind eich, TBC-I¹ 247 . con geltatar a n-eich geilt, TBC-LL¹ 548 . oc fegad ingelta ro geltsat na eich, 579 . madh gleith ro gelid na muca, Laws iv 98.13 Comm. Fig. rongeilt in gāeth feib geiles | nemāed forderg fidnaige the storm has consumed us as heaven's red fire consumes timber, Bruchst. i 67 § 155 = O'Mulc. 830 g . Part. nec. nephglidi (gl. intonsi [montes]), Thes. ii 46.21 .

(b) caus. feeds, puts out to grass: gelair scor glethe i ngurt ḟeóir, Metr. Dinds. iii 96.15 .

guthaige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. guthaige or dil.ie/26850
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: guthaidhe, guthacha

n io, m. a vowel : guthaidhe m., IGT. Decl. § 2 . an dá ghuthaidhe neamhghlana, ib. Introd. 5.11 . na cóig guthaidhe, ib. 1.9 . ar bháthadh nguthaidhe, 2.21 . cáolughadh a nguthaidheadh leathan, 1.12 . guthaigi uathaid ┐ consaini iolair, Auraic. 2756 . reim im gothaidhi `a course with respect to a vowel,' ib. 500 . atat na guthaigi doturgbat treotha fein (= Uocaileis dicuntur quae per se quidim proferuntur), 2744 = guthacha, 365 . consoin ... .i. iarsinni fograided la guthagaibh do greas, 2750 . guthaighe chláenas go cóir | an comhardadh i gcéadóir 'fittingly vowels make rhyme incorrect at once', Celtica xxvii 58 § 2 .

mórfeiser

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mórfeiser or dil.ie/32572

 

Forms: mórṡeiser, mórfeisser, morfesser, moirseser, móirsheisear

n o, m., (= mór + seiser; for phonetic change cf. fiur < siur), later also mórṡeiser, `a great hexad', i.e. a heptad, a group of seven persons (strictly of men). fácab morḟeser dia muintir, Trip. 344.22 ( Ardm. 18a2 , Thes. ii 241.17 ). mórfeisser, 116.12 (Rawl. = morseiser, Eg.). mórfessiur di thrénferaib, FB 2. morfessiur leiss dia maccaib, LU 2900. morfessiur . . . cona-tuil i ṅEffis, Fél. Aug. 7. g p. cet mili morfesser múad, SR 5027. Cerddraige dicuntur ar ba cerdd cach fer dib co morfessiur, LL 320e55 (i.e. to the seventh generation, Manners and Customs iii 320 ). morseser a daim his retinue is of seven men, Laws iv 324.13 . ata morseisir i tuaith arcuile coir urnadhma seven men who are prohibited from the right of contracting marriage, v 132.1 . moirseser, TBC-LL¹ 5525 (St.). ro marbhadh moirsheiser ann, AFM ii 1016.18 . móirsheisear d'aois uilc, Studies 1931, 260 § 5 . Of women: doto[e]gut a morḟesiur, IT ii2 229 Eg. = dotiagad na secht n-ingena, ib. YBL. móirsheisear, Dinneen .

pars

Cite this: eDIL s.v. pars or dil.ie/34201

 

Forms: parsa, parsa, parsae, pars

n m. (Lat. pars) g s. in parsa , Thes. ii 255.16 (Stowe Miss.). n p. parsa, 254.7 ; 255.3 . parsae, 255.4 . g p. pars, 254.17 .

(a) a particle or piece of the Host or consecrated wafer (partes dicuntur divinae Eucharistiae vel panis eucharistici particulae, Du Cange ). .v. parsa di obli, Thes. ii 254.7 . lin pars bis i n-obli casc the number of particles that is in the Host of Easter, 254.17 . fuair [Grigoir] in pars tuc forsin altoir, ZCP iii 36.21 ; xii 373.6 . pars . . . do chaithem ré ndul for cel, MacCongl. 23.7 . fiadnaisi . . . espuic itir a pars ┐ a cailech, H 5.15 p. 16 b ( O'D. 1630 ), i.e. between the two acts of Communion: a testimony specially strong. fpars ar pūr (.i. abhlann ar glaine), ZCP v 488 § 8 (B. na f.). In wider sense: dogníad pars isind chaisc de feoil (the monks) take a particle of flesh at Easter, Mon. Tall. 12 .

(b) a specified interval of time : dá trian bratha i pars, pars go leith i minúit, MR 108.9 (reckoned as ⅟15 of an hour, i.e. four minutes).

1 robb, rop

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 robb, rop or dil.ie/35378

 

n o, m. An animal, chiefly applied to cattle, swine and domesticated animals; freq. in legal tracts, such animals (or their owners) being liable for damage done by them. ? cach rob ina chin, Corm. 30.18 , s.v. mogheime = cach biodhbha ina chinaidh, Corm. Y 883 ( Anecd. iv 76.17 ), an ancient British legal maxim = omne corpus in delictum? rop ┐ rap: rop didiu nach n-anmann gonas, ut sunt uac[c]ae. rap immorro nach n-anmann dosrenga chugae ut sunt sues, sed tamen uicissim com[m]uniter dicuntur , Corm. Y 1097 ; an arbitrary distinction of two forms of the word to denote resp. animals that gore and such as root up the earth. rodb .i. ainmidhe, Lec. Gl. 311 = rob, 123 M . rap .i. ainm da gach beathadhach thairrngeas biadh chuige as talmhain amhail ata muc, O'Cl. (prob. borrowed from Corm. Y 1097 ). trí ruip conberat duine-chinaid .i. cú áraig, reithe lonn, ech daintech, Triads 168 . im rubu foichlige, im rubu cethra, Laws i 184.15 ; the two classes are in the Comm. defined resp.: im na robaib bis ar fochlae . . . .i. bainb beca ┐ peta ┐ oircpeta muc, cailligh no eithi, and: na tairb ┐ na cullaig, 190.15 , 17 . trí beo-ruip amuil duine a cin .i. cu ┐ cat ┐ muc; trí marb-ruib amuil duine a cin .i. cuailli ┐ comla, ga, H 3.17 c. 652 ( O'D. 915 ); for the `marb-robb' cf. trí ruip ara tíagat cinta .i. cú foilm[n]ech, sleg caille, slissén, Triads 169 . rofesar rupu tria foindel, H 3.18, p. 8c ( O'Curry 18 ). na hecodhnaigh beca gusna robdaib [leg. robbaib] . . . a coimet for robaib, H 3.18 406 ( O'Curry 928 ). rucus duine-chin for rop (.i. cú) . . . ar biata in rop iar fogail ┐ aurfōcra . . . rucus rop-chinaid (.i. cin ruip) for duíne, ZCP xv 329 § 20 ; 330 § 21 ( Rawl. 113a36 , 38 ). ruchtaig ruib, Ériu xi 45.2 (fragment of a legal maxim).

Fig. of a warrior: is é in robb rigthi, TBC-LL¹ 5418 = in rob rigi ergaili, TBC-I¹ 3336 .

See follg.

1 tre

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 tre or dil.ie/41608
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: tri, tre, tri, tre, tré, trí, -i, thr, thrempi, tria, trie, tríd, tríd, trit, trit, tres, tre, tres, tresin, tresind, tresan, trésan, trisin, trissin, triasin, triasand, triasan, tresa, tressa, tres, trisa, trissa, triasa, tresna, trésna, trisna, triasna, trium, tríom, triut, triut, trit-su, treot, treót, thréodsa, thriodsa, tríod, triit, tríit, tríit, triitt, trit, tríd, th-, thrít, thríd, tree, trée, treæ, trea, tre(i)the, -i, trithe, trithi, tríthe, th—, thríthi, thríthe, triunni, tríonn, trín-ne, th-, thrínn, thrín, triib, triuib, tribh, treu, tréu, treo, tréu, tréo, treothu, treotho, treotha, tretho, tretha, trithu, tritha, tríotha, thríotha, trithibh, treamhum, tréamham, treamham, tremut, tromud, tromhat, tre(i)m(h)it, -d, treimheit, treimhid, trempi, troimpi, thrempi, trempu, treampa, treampa, treompo, trompa, triomhtha, tríom, tromham, treamham, tríod, tríot, tromhad, treamhad, tromhat, treamhat, tríd, troimhe, treimhe, tríotha, trithe, troimpe, treimpe, troimhid, treimhid, troimhit, treimhit, trínn, tromhuinn, treamhuinn, tríbh, tromhuibh, treamhaibh, tríotha, trompa, treampa, trem, trim, triam, trit, triat, tret, tred, trét, tria, tría, triánn, trea, tr, thre, tré, triana, trena, trina, tréna, treimhid, trīd, triar, trear, tre, trénar, tri, tri, tre, tre, tre, trialaile, trinaroile, trenaroili, trít, tremi-, tris-, tre-

prep. with acc. (later also with dat. Cf. tri suidib, Ml. 56b15 ), leniting (see GOI § 856 ). Apart from Ml, tre is the commoner form in the O. Ir. Glosses. tri, however, is frequent in Wb, and is the usual form in Ml (tre, Ml. 16a25 , 96a6 ). It is also found (much less commonly than tre) in Sg. (27a2 , 188a8 , 189b2 , 195b1 , 197b4 , 201b3 , 213b8 ). tré is written with length-mark at Sg. 159a1 , and frequently in the later language. trí (with length-mark) occurs at Wb. 12c34 , Tur. 103 , Acr. 11c5 , Ml. 2d5 , 14c16 , 22b1 , 30a9 , etc. The form in -i is infrequent after the Old Irish period ( tri, Sc.M² 5 , Rosa Angl. 196.23 , ZCP vi 63.12 , 70.8 ). With lenition of t- thr, LU 10606 (cf. thrempi, PH 268 , and the Mod. Ir. forms with pron. suff. infra). The form tria is fairly common in all periods outside the O. Ir. Glosses: Thes. ii 300.9 , 331.4 , Hib. Min. 244 , Laws ii 374.12 , Mon. Tall. 154.4 , IT i 19.37 , PH 7431 , BDD² 1295 , Maund. 57 , and is the usual form in SR (168 , 1926 , 3128 ). trie, IT i 267.24 . The form with pron. suff. 3 s. tríd is used as simple prep. in Mod. Ir.: tríd fhear, IGT Introd. 19.5 , trit stól, 23 K 42, 404.19 , trit na scelaib-sin, ZCP vi 72.21 , most usually with article and possessives, see infra. Note also tres gach, DDána 66.1 ; cf. tre gach bhfear .l., tres gach bhfear .c., Bard. Synt. Tr. 3.6 .

With art.: sing. m. and f. tresin, Wb. 20d13 , 30a13 , Sg. 59b18 , 138a1 , 161b1 , 188a26 , 201a2 , BCr. 32a8 , 34c2 , TBFr. 238 , PH 8086 . tresind, Mon. Tall. 141.z . tresan, TBC-LL¹ p. 837 n. 5 , IGT Decl. ex. 1121 . trésan, TSh. 190 , Ó Héodhusa 46.1. trisin, Wb. 5b20 , 10b19 , 12d20 , Tur. 43 , 48 , 55 , 68 , Sg. 209b31 , Ml. 19b11 , 29b8 , 33d13 , 37a22 , etc. trissin, Wb. 12d39 . triasin, SR 7580 , Sc.M² 22.6 , PH 5137 . triasand láim, BDD² 1511 . triasan, ZCP viii 114 § 14 . neut. tresa, Sg. 32a8 , 197b2 . tressa, Wb. 32c20 , tresṅgné `by the species,' Sg. 73b1 . trisa, Wb. 13a10 , Ml. 20a6 , 30d19 , 37b7 . trissa, Wb. 4d33 , Ml. 15a13 , 37d16 , 42c23 , 54c15 , etc. triasa, BDD² 1435.

Note also trit an firt, BColm. 88.2 . tríd an sgéal, Dán Dé xxviii 31 . trit an talmain, Maund. 8.

Plur. tresna, Hib. Min. 445 , PH 4164 , Feis Tighe Chonáin 779 . trésna, Fél. Prol. 44 , TSh. 601 . trisna, Wb. 4a6 , Tur. 65 , Ml. 25b7 , 36c19 , 38d18 , etc. triasna, PH 4657 , BColm. 106.2 .

With pron. suff. 1 s. trium, Wb. 23b30 . tríom, DDána 3.16 . 2 s. triut, Ml. 44c11 , 88a16 , 17 , Sc.M² 9 (tréot, v.l.), Fél. Ep. 438 , IT i 70.14 , Ériu iii 137.55 . triut, LU 3255 . trit-su, PH 2664 . treot, RC xxvii 276.3 . treót, LU 8139 ( FB 10 ). thréodsa .i. thriodsa , O'Cl. tríod, TD 14.20 , DDána 110.47 . 3 s. m. and n. triit, Wb. 1d4 , 2b15 , 8d11 , Ml. 51b10 , Sg. 73b7 , 76b7 , Críth G. 549 , SR 172 , IT i 76.6 . tríit, Ml. 51d1 , Sg. 43a3 , 148b7 . tríit, TBC-LL¹ 1184 . triitt, BColm. 66.12 . trit, Wb. 27c2 , Mon. Tall. 156.10 , PH 7792 , Laws i 44.1 Comm. , Rosa Angl. 40.3 . tríd, DDána 32.35 , Content. vii 15 , TSh. 9831 . With lenited th-: thrít, TBC-LL¹ 3264 . thríd, Ériu ix 165 § 25 , TSh. 10785 . 3 s. f. tree, Wb. 2c4 , 5c17 . trée, Sg. 25b14 . treæ, Ml. 88b15 . trea (trethe, v.l.), BDD² 1231 . tre(i)the, -i, Sc.M² 1 , ZCP viii 104.18 , TBC-LL¹ 1946 , Laws i 144.2 Comm. , 24 P 8, 196.y (IGT), tréthi, PH 2385 . trithe, Fél.² lxxvii 29 , Maund. 80 . trithi, Stair Erc. 2493 . tríthe, TBC-LL¹ p. 651 n. 5 , DDána 54.28 . TD 10.25 (condemned in IGT, see citation below). With lenited th—: thríthi, TD 13.8 . thríthe, IGT Decl. ex. 1065 . 1 pl. triunni, Wb. 14c16 , Ml. 129d20 . tríonn, Dán Dé x 9 , DDána 40.17 . trín-ne, 40.28 . With lenited th-: thrínn, Dán Dé xxvii 32 . thrín, Studies 1921, 589 § 7 . 2 pl. triib, Wb. 3b22 . triuib, TTr.² 1766 . tribh, DDána 30.15 , TD 14.37 . 3 pl. treu, Wb. 28c18 , 30c13 , Ml. 42b13 , 42c11 . tréu, 42d2 . treo, Sg. 4b4 , 138a4 , Críth G. 540 , BDD² 1278 (treu, tréu, v.ll.). tréo, TBC-LL¹ 3448 . treothu, SR 327 , 4311 , PH 1216 . treotho, AU i 578.7 . treotha, Laws i 44.10 Comm. tretho, iii 362.22 . tretha, Ériu xii 190.y . trithu, PH 4637 , MR 194.15 . tritha, Marco P. 145 . tríotha, TSh. 8342 . thríotha, A IV 3, 771.x . trithibh, BNnÉ 324.6 .

In Mid. and Mod. Ir. also with infixed -m-, and -o- instead of -e- (infl. of ré n-): 1 s. treamhum, DDána 39.23 . tréamham (: dhéanamh), Ó Bruad. iii 22.5 . treamham .i. thriom, O'Cl. 2 s. tremut, PH 2424 . tromud, YBL 149b7 . tromhat, SG 69.34 . 3 s. m. tre(i)m(h)it, -d, PH 2645 , BColm. 78.23 , Laws v 172.z Comm. , DDána 101.8 (: dtig), AFM iii 128.x , CCath. 3944 . treimheit (: dheit), Content. ix 7 . treimhid .i. trid, O'Cl. 3 s. f. trempi, TTebe 3287 , MR 202.1 . troimpi, IGT Decl. ex. 1124 (treimpi, v.l.). With lenition thrempi, PH 268 . 3 pl. trempu, PH 8155 . treampa, Hugh Roe 94.18 . treampa .i. triotha, O'Cl. treompo, TTebe 1909 . trompa, 24 P 8, 196.y (IGT), Leb. Gab.(i) 104.16 , Lism. L. 4609 . triomhtha, Ó Bruad. ii 190.10 .

The following forms are given for syllabic verse in Bard. Synt. Tr. 7.21 : tríom, tromham, treamham; tríod, tríot tromhad, treamhad, tromhat, treamhat; tríd, troimhe, treimhe; tríotha, l. a ghearradh, trithe, l. a shíneadh, troimpe, treimpe; troimhid, treimhid, troimhit, treimhit ...; trínn, tromhuinn, treamhuinn; tríbh, tromhuibh, treamhaibh; tríotha, trompa, treampa.

With poss. adj.: 1 s. trem, Wb. 17b33 , 23b23 , 30a25 , TBC-LL¹ 3132 , TD 39.2 . trim, Ml. 44b29 , 89a2 , 127a3 . triam, RC vi 176.59 . 2 s. trit, Ml. 62d4 , 87a9 . triat, SR 1484 , 1727 , TBC-I¹ 2811 . tret, Sc.M² 11 (triat, v.l.), DDána 101.8 . tred, TBC-LL¹ p. 617 n. 10 , DDána 56.9 . trét, PH 2599 . 3 s. and pl. tria, Wb. 1b5 , Ml. 37b23 , Sg. 211b5 , Críth G. 214 ; f. Wb. 10a3 ; pl. Wb. 8a14 , Ml. 28d15 , Sg. 3a11 . tría, Ml. 30c5 . triánn drochgnímu, 84c14 . trea, Wb. 29d29 , 33c7 , Hib. Min. 214 ; f. TBFr. 234 (treda, MS.); pl. Wb. 19a12 , 29a7 , Fél. Jan. 4 (tria, v.l.). tr, TTebe 1017 . thre, Ériu i 28.193 . tré a, TSh. 472 . triana, SR 5201 , BDD² 1164 ; f. IT i 125.24 . trena, LU 3292 ; f. DDána 16.6 ; pl. PH. 7056 . trina, Maund. 44 ; pl. TBC-LL¹ 3616 . tréna, TSh. 8343 ; f. Dán Dé xxv 49 ; pl. Studies 1924, 242 § 11 . treimhid a tromaibh, TBC-LL¹ p. 315 n. 2 . trīd a (sic MS.), Feis Tighe Chonáin 1705 , O'Cl. s.v. tré. 1 pl. triar , Ml. 83c11 , 100d14 . trear, Wb. 26a27 . tre ar, DDána 10.5 . trénar, Dán Dé xxv 18 . 2 pl. tri bar, Wb. 9d24 . tri far, Ml. 115b8 . tre bar, Wb. 14c17 , 27a1 . tre far, 23d16 . tre bhar, DDána 95.22 .

With aile: trialaile, Wb. 10a4 . trinaroile, Stair Erc. 2156 . trenaroili, 809 .

With rel.: trisa mbí, Wb. 3d21 . trissa nétatsat, Ml. 57a3 . trisnansoirthae, 124a8 . trisá netar, 126b19 . trisin-damrobae, 126d11 . tresa mbí, Wb. 23b5 . tresindippiat, tresindabia, 25d8 . tressa naithnuigther, Thes. ii 253.12 . tresambed, Mon. Tall. 164.7 . tres-in iumfhoilngither, PH 6250 . trias-a roichet, 5904 . triasradībdad, Cáin Ad. 21 . tríasa n-agailledar, RC xiii 269.13 . tre' tig, PH 7792 . tré dtuillmid, Donlevy 152.12 . tre a bhfuil, DDána 107.6 . tre ar fhás, 10.17 . tré nach faghar, Content. xvi 85 . trina tic, ZCP vi 272 § 11 . trinar marbh se, 279.2 . tríd nar bh'oircheas, DDána 46.1 . thríd nach fuighinn, 25a.4 . tremit ar harced, Ann. Conn. 1236.12 .

I In local senses.

(a) through . Of countries, territories, etc.: dia luid duaid ... tri glenn iosofád, Ml. 58c4 . rethid ... tré airechtu athluma, | tre buidnib ban ..., | tre cholltib, tre chathracha (of the writer's thoughts), Ériu iii 14 § 3 . do hionnarbadh inn | tre Chlár ... bhFéilim, TD 15.9 . along roads, across bridges, fords, etc.: trisna cemmen i nandais beus gl. hii psalmi graduum dicuntur qua in ascensu Templi canebantur per ea interualla ... `through the steps on which they continued to halt,' Ml. 133b4 . trisna foirthiu ailitherdi gl. peregrina per marmora `through the foreign fords (?),' Tur. 65 . ni bhaoi conair ... act trésan droichet, Hugh Roe 94.18 . triall ... tré bhealach bhriste na cána, TSh. 2589 . Of apertures, doors, etc.: ol in spiurt noib tri giun in fatho, Ml. 74d13 . do aircechain tria ginu na fer fireon, Laws i 16.6 . cethri drolaim ... | asind airc ... | dá drol treothu, SR 4311 . bid indtechta tria críathar n-átha bar ṁbrúar, BDD² 1295 . tria tholl na comla, ACL iii 308 vi 20 . nos tairnged tria ladraib a choss, TBC-LL¹ 1408 . trit in dorus sin, ZCP vi 284.32 . through the midst of a crowd of people, army, etc.: acht mad treo docoí `except he have gone through them (the enemy)' (note), Críth G. 540 . culu tria neit ... .i. amal teit carpat ... tria chath, ACC 2 . dolen Sir Heront trit in cath e, ZCP vi 69.22 . dol trempa gan airisiumh, AFM vi 2162.x . Of buildings: cóic shéoit i ndul tria thech tria lías, Críth G. 214 . ragaid ... tria choimtig inn rígthaigi (a sword), BDD² 1248 . secht sligeda trethe (of a bruden), Sc.M² 1 . Of garments, shields, etc.: co tregda in fer tria scíath, Críth G. 555 . atconnairc Cu Chulaind ... a gualaind tresin cochull, LU 3788 . ro gonadhsan cach tairsí ┐ treithi ┐ séici (bricht comga), TBC-LL¹ p. 359 n. 7 . Of the body or parts of the body: ? rog[lan]ad són tria deis gl. arcton [dextra tenet] (simile of the four parts of the Cross and the four cardinal points), Tur. 142 . bróenán fola ... | tria thóebán, Fél. Ep. 352 . triam taebh, RC vi 176.59 . triana chend, TBC-LL¹ 1268 . budh iomdha ... tre chneas ... | soighead, TD 16.66 . Of a surface, skin, the earth etc.: cach luib tricc ticc tria thalmain, SR 1926 . nocha bhí clúmh trés an gcreig | nach creid ... dhuid `there is no verdure on the rock but trusts ...,' Dán Dé xxix 26 . Cf. co faisctis a drucht ┐ a uanfadh tremit so that its dew and foam were squeezed from it (of the moon), CCath. 3944.

Various: anadchither tri themel, Wb. 12c12 . ni forcmat óin chomsuidigud trea nuili aimsera `through all their tenses,' Sg. 157b9 . arbeittet bairtni bindi | tri laith linni ainm nAeda `melodious bardisms modulate through pools of liquor the name of Aed,' Thes. ii 295.17 . condelgdar tresna thri grad `it is compared through the three degrees,' Hib. Min. 445 . atracht iarom trena chotlud, LU 3292 , `he arose then out of his sleep,' SCC² 82 . ionmhuin taidhbhse táinig sonn | aréir trem chodladh chugom, TD 39.2 . íar ndul triit after it has leaked (of a cauldron), Críth G. 549 . comhradh leanb ar luaidheadh thrín `all that we uttered was childish talk' (lit. all that was mentioned among us), Studies 1921, 589 § 7 . re dul thríd in going through it (a book), Donlevy iv 11.

(b) Implying mixture, mingling, etc.: imchomarc co naithisib triit `a question with revilings through it,' Ml. 54c13 . snechta tria shín lūades gáeth `through a snowstorm,' Thes. ii 331.4 . fuair Dia ... | domblas aoi tre fhíon arsuidh, Aithd. D. 98.30 . fuaim a sruth ... | tre ghuth ainglidhe a healtan, TD 13.5 . an clúmh ┐ an luaith do chor tréna chéile, TSh. 174 . In phrases corresponding to the Mod. Ir. tré theine on fire: atā trē doiger derg-lasrach donn-ruaide (of a burning wood), ML² 958 . cáer theinntidhe dfaicsin tre lasadh ó mhullach an tighe, ITS xvi 8.28 . fuair a réghlés féin tré choirthir smáil teineadh ┐ tennáil, Ériu v 76.24 .

(c) Personal forms ref. to object of verbs of cutting : co treghdfad in tsleg trithi hī (a pig), Fianaig. 66.12 . gur comraind in imdaig ... trempi co talmain and cut clean through the couch, MR 202.1 . roscris in t-eideth ara druim ┐ rogerr in dilat aluind oraighi trithi cut through the saddle, ZCP vi 70.28 .

(d) 3 s. trít in adverbial phrases. t.¤ sís, anuas, siar throughout: ┐ a n-illradh tríd sís, IGT Decl. § 42.11 . greagh, cert lethan tríd sís as .c. aige, § 45. inann ghabaid [uile] tríd anúas (of nouns declined in same way), § 37 . a lán féinneadh feadh an tighe, | tríd siar `all through the house,' TD 11.17 . t.¤ amach absolutely, completely: aderim gurub é is lan and trit amach `absolute fulness,' Rosa Angl. 40.3 . Note also : ni triit tarsnu toimsideir not diametrically is it measured (the earth), SR 172.

(e) téit tre lit. goes through (of an attack, battle-charge): rachthair thairsiu is tréo, TBC-LL¹ 3448 . docuatarsom foithib ┐ tríthu ┐ tarrsa, D IV 2, 45ra44 . is trithu nach tiaghar, MR 194.15 . violates, breaks (an oath): arna te nech tria lugae, Ml. 36a23 . dul tria aitiri, Críth G. 306 . Cf. nach ccuirfeadh féin ... trīd a mhionnuibh é (sic leg.), Feis Tighe Chonáin 1705 . ? cid fín bárc do-téised treut (treu, treothu, v.ll.), BDD² 740 (see note).

II In temporal senses.

(a) tri rei ciana `for long times,' Ml. 90d14 . condib tria nuile ṁbethaid ón dano ┐ nib cuit ree `that it should be so through their whole life,' Tur. 71 . do toscelad áiss aescai ... tri bliadni incholnigtheo `through the years of the Incarnation,' Thes. ii 41.24 . isintt urtt chetna biae tre cach oena `(thou) shalt continue under the same rule through each fast,' Mon. Tall. 154.3 . tres-in sechtmain-sea throughout this week, PH 461.

(b) In adverbial phrase tre bithu, tre bith sír, etc., for ever, everlastingly: tre bithu, Fél. Mar. 31 . do gress doib, ... tria bithu coa airfitiud, SR 684 . tria bitho, Snedg. u. Mac R 12 § 52 . tria bitha sír, ZCP viii 108.17 . tre bhiotha síor, TD 15.18 . tria bith sir, PH 1938 . tre bhioth síor, TD 13.39 . tria bithu betha, TBC-LL¹ 2704 . tre saeghul na saegal, Ev.Inf. (LFF) 171 § 24 . tré shaoghal na saoghal in saecula saeculorum, TSh. 2052.

III Indicating the medium or attendant circumstances of a communication, action, etc. (in many of the follg. exx. the meaning approximates to that in tre IV infra).

(a) tri insci redi ... duadbat som ... `through speech ...,' Ml. 51c11 . dufornditer ... a ngnimae inna rig sin tri delba ban, 65c16 . tri throp ` figuratively ,' 65b14 . in moltai dogniín se tri bindius ┐ chlais, 136a8 . rosluinter ... tre rangabáil in persan hisin, Sg. 189b2 . doasilbthaer triit som gníim ... do neuch (of the word sui), 209a1 . in tre prois ... roceta int[ṡ]ailim, Hib. Min. 175 . titul do scribend ... tria litrib Ébra, PH 2877 . cennsa ... ┐ 'áilgeni tuicther tres-in snechta is understood by, 3386 . cōic anmand dēc tre blaid mbinn | fil d'anmanaib for Bōïnn, ZCP viii 106.1 . tuic let ... na Tiabanda taetencha i sidh in[a] cathrachaib ... trésna helaib understand by the swans ... the Thebans, TTebe 1233 . coic cetfada ... rotidhnaicedh o Dhia don cinedh doenna ... d'fegad De trompa, Lism. L. 4609 . nolabraidis na ceithri tre glor ndaenda with a human voice, CCath. 886 . adbeart ... trē bhogāssaigh urlapra ┐ trē dhānacht glōir ... go raghadh, Fl. Earls 50.3 . Note also: ata dedi ara scribhtar in tituil tria derg in red ink, Hib. Min. 241.

(b) Introducing the particular language of a communication: trí ilbélre gl. linguis loquens, Wb. 12c34 . co n-epistlib immdaib ... tria Goedeilg, IT i 19.37 . berla na filed, triasa n-agailledar cach dib a chele, RC xiii 269.13 . bennaighes tre n-a thengaid fein doib-sen, KMMisc. 317.12 .

(c) With abstract noun indicating the attendant circumstances of an action: isber Mói[d]ógc tria ocla móir `in great wrath,' BColm. 74.7 . do sloind tre medhair mhileis `told with sweet gladness,' Ériu iv 116.16 . roboi cinniud tria chombáig `a comrades' covènant,' RC iii 183.7 . adeirid cách liom tré rún | go bhfuil ..., TD 22.20 . "cuin do bhí againn t'éara" | cantar uainn tré aithmhéala, DDána 29.25 . do gluais fein tre mire ┐ tre mormenmain ... roime in anger and haughtiness, L. Chl. S. 4.1 . Cf. adeirim ris an saoghal cromadh trésan déirc to resort to almsgiving, TSh. 190.

(d) Introducing the authorisation of an action, the person or thing invoked, etc.: is tri ísu predchimse, Wb. 1d9 . guidmit-ne ... tu-sa ... tré-t miadamla, PH 2599 . soghuidhe an rí tres an rí tres an ríoghain, DDána 30.27 . do bheannaigh[ea]dur damh tresna déibh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 779.

IV Instrumental and causal. These two meanings merge into each other, and in O. Ir. particularly many exx. will bear either interpretation (cf. Fraser, ZCP viii 61 f. ).

(a) Instrum. through, by means of: condagaibtis int ais amprom tria nintleda `through their snares,' Ml. 31c6 . adchotadsam triar saithar, 92c5 . amal is trí accomol nildule conterissedar in domon sic imfolangar oínmolad do dia tri chocetal inna nule ṅdule, 145c4 . á híc tria fuil, Wb. 2b11 . ce rudglanta tri bathis, 4a6 . in tan dombeir in dea aithesc tre chomthoud talmaidech, Sg. 162a4 . tre airde ┐ firto, Thes. ii 253.4 . is tre trocuiri ... dotaegar hi cresiniu, Hib. Min. 356 . ro promtha tré martrai, Fél. June 27 . donrat fri saeth tria aslach, SR 1342 . niba hicc deitsiu tre Findio `thou shalt get no cure through Findio,' Mon. Tall. 154.15 . do sarughadh tria firta ┐ mirbaile `overcome by the great signs and miracles,' Laws i 14.19 . tri neim ... no-bíata co-ralta ár fer n-Ērenn impe (of a pig), Sc.M² 5 . cia ... nách greisfider im dénum maithiusa trias-na mírbulib-sea, PH 4657 . rob ingnadh le cāch a ceird | ... | triasa fa[g] badais crodh cain `whereby they won goodly treasure,' Ériu iv 174 § 9 . co findud slondud trit beos `he discovers the name by this means,' Laws i 44.1 Comm. braighde Ēirenn ... | gabhais tre rīghe is tre nert, ZCP viii 108.22 . foillsighthir do triana eochraib écsi ... E. do bith i sith B.L., IT i 129.22 . do fhionnfuinn thríd do threisi `I should learn thy strength by it,' Ériu ix 165 § 25 . dá raibhe ní sa mheasa ... dheallruigheas tréna ghné specie sui, TSh. 8343 . Cf. rohicait a crecha ris dona buaib tremi⃛ ar harced he in the matter of which he had been plundered, Ann. Conn. 1236.12 .

(b) Causal on account of, by reason of (frequent with follg. vn.): combad mou de la dia a serc tri epert dosom adruthreb side indib, Ml. 92c4 . amal dundechutar doinmecha dunni triar pecthu, 111c14 . is tria hiris rambái cach maith, Wb. 2c13 . is hed dotheít de tre ilar na ndáne i nilur na persan `through the multitude of the gifts in the multitude of the persons,' 22a11 . tre thesbaid naich baill dind deilb, Sg. 5a5 . cid tre étged rop othar, Críth G. 61 . tré chin drochmna, IT i 75.6 . co n-éigit na haingil co sérb ... tria mar dho-míllset na dáine in gáel glaine do-bí doib ríu, PH 7431 . tresna ceōlaib sein ar sein | do creit Grigair in Comdid, ZCP viii 114.18 . is treothu na mortlaidi (faults of a prince), ACL iii 315 § 36 . do chogadh tre chloinn nUisnigh `to avenge,' Aithd. D. 6.31 . tre bheith do shluagh flatha Fáil | re luadh gcatha, TD 4.37 . is glór tré dhlús dighe soin `they (i.e. words) are inspired by hard drinking,' Content. xxv 4 . ba cara do-sam cech oen dib trena athair ┐ tremit fein on his father's account and on his own, Ann. Conn. 1225.6 . adubairt go crochfadh a muinntir uili tre bas in dithrebaig, Maund. 128 . is í cúis uma dtáinig Partholón ... tré mar do mharbh sé a athair `because he had slain his father,' Keat. i 160.74 . na sagairt ghlacas leagáid ... tre ghuidhe orra in return for, on condition of , TSh. 4513 . tángadar teachta ó rígh Laighean ... do thairgsin séad ┐ maoine dhóibh ... ó Laighnibh tré thilleadh don Mhumain tar a n-ais `if they returned,' Keat. iii 3146 . In phrase trít sin therefore: as tridsin do impoatar Ulltaigh ... airsium, RC xviii 268.24 . tríd sin, Keat. ii 654 . treimit sin, Fen. 302.15 . tremit-side, Ann. Conn. 1284.2 . do-icc tre is brought about by, is due to: is triuib tháníc cech n-olc, TTr.² 1766 . na huilc-si do thecht trit, PH 7792 . nó go ndéanann mo chlí cionnta | ní fhéaghann sí a dtiocfa tríd, Dán Dé x 5 . is tromhat táinic lot ... mu ríghisea, SG 69.34 .

In compds. tremi-, tris- with vbs., tre- with nouns and adjj. (often as intensive prefix), see separate articles.

1 trían

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 trían or dil.ie/41887

 

Forms: trian, trian, trian, trian, trian, triuin, trín, triin, trin, aíntrín, treana, triun, trín, trena, trian, dtrian

n o, n., later also m. IGT Decl. § 76 . Orig. disyll. ( Ériu x 93 §6 , Lib. Hymn. 124.160 ). n s. a trian naill, Laws iv 180.22 . trian nurgnama, ii 364.11 . a trian naill, TBC-I¹ 370 . in trian aile, CRR 16.3 . in trian , Auraic. 935 . g s. triuin, AU i 422.1 . trín, MU² 553 . ? triin, LL 150b40 . trin, Laws ii 136.11 Comm. aíntrín, IGT Decl. ex. 1246 . treana, Ó Bruad. iii 204.12 . d s. triun, TBC-I¹ 209 . trín, TBC-LL¹ 4198 . n p. trena, see (b) infra. n du. da trian , Laws ii 30.5 . dá dtrian , DDána 80.37 .

(a) third part: trian naithgina ar mifagbail `one third of restitution ... for leaving ... unprotected,' Laws ii 56.19 . is in tucht so con-fodlat a trene `they divide the thirds accordingly,' 362.x . ni furecht cid óen screpul | ba mo tríun arailiu `it was not discovered that by one scruple any third was greater than another,' Lib. Hymn. 124.160 . co triun int slōig, TBC-I¹ 1313 . batir díbergaig trá trian fer nÉrenn, BDD² 398 . mo trín is lugu lethi more than a third and less than a half, TBC-LL¹ 4198 . is é ro delig dia dían | i trenaib o Muir Thorrián, LL 135a35 ( PRIA xvi 230 ). nī hairémthar trian a maithiusa ┐ a gnīmrad, ZCP viii 111.19 . rí nimhe 'n-a thrí treanaibh, Aithd. D. 69.9 . Cf. trian randaigechta moiri inso, IT iii 84.12 , as name of type of metre.

(b) In pl. celebration, festival, rites, funeral games: na trenae samna, LU 3226 , `the triple feast of Samuin,' SCC² 6 . a trenaib Tailltin, Manners and Customs i dcxl.y = Metr. Dinds. iv 156.149 v.l. Cf. 158.163 . `treanadh' ainm gach caoinidh, Metr. Gl. 18 § 53 . trena ebraice, trenon graece, lamentatio latine, de quibus trena dicuntur apud nos , O'Mulc. 874 . treana .i. lamhchomairt, no bualadh bas, treana tailltean .i. bualadh bas no égcáoine do bhiodh a dtailtin, treanadh .i. cáoineadh, O'Cl.

(c) band, company: dochunnuic Gyi trian troigthech ... ac techt, ZCP vi 45.15 . t.¤ curadh tíad in gach tír, | gidh umhal iad don airdrígh, L. Cl. A. B. 95.55 .

(d) Applied to towns etc., district, quarter: princeps triuin Corcaighe, AU i 422.1 . Raith Aird-Macha ... do loscadh ... ┐ sreth do Triuin Mor ┐ sreth do Triun Saxan, ii 50.7 . da sreith Trin Massain ┐ in tres sreith do Trian mor, 86.15 . loiscit an Trían-medhonach, iii 512.z . See Hog. Onom. and Reeves, Ancient Churches of Armagh p. 19 . Cf. ag taistiol na dtrian `traversing districts,' Ó Bruad. iii 122.5 .

Compds. ¤drong?: triandrong .i. trí deocha, O'Cl. ¤gille pledge consisting of one third: langille, ┐ lethgille, triangille ┐ smachtgille (sic leg.), Laws i 260.19 , see 276 Comm. , `Drittel-Unterpfand,' Cóic Con. 76 . ¤gol: ní fhiadaim trianghul a ngalair `nor can I e'en bewail a third of its affliction,' Ó Bruad. i 150.3 . ¤rann third part: trénmilidi ... trían-rainni in talman, TTr. 1337.