Search Results

Your search returned 201 results.

accais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. accais or dil.ie/142

Forms: accuis, accuis, accais, acaissi, acsi, aicsin, aicsin, aicsenaib

n f. In O.Ir. glosses accuis (Lat. occasio, see Thurn. Gramm. § 302 ). Ped. (i 476) distinguishes a word accais < *adcais (We. achas), but the various meanings can be ex- plained as easily from a single form accais < Lat. occasio. g s. accuis, Alex. 297 . accais O'Dav. 399 . acaissi, Fl. Earls 132.25 . n p. acsi, Corm. Y 1082 v.l. (achuis, text, Anecd. iv 96.23 ). Also as n-stem a s. aicsin, Ml. 38c4 . n p. inna aicsin , 51d15 . d p. dinaib aicsenaib , 62a22 . See aicsenach.

(a) cause, reason: acuis .i. a causa , Corm. Y 10 (cf. O'Mulc. 11 ). ?bri gach ṅ-a.¤ , Corm. 8 = cach n-ogus, Corm. Y 149 . issí ade accuis `this is the cause', Ml. 104c1 . ní si accuis insin arinrogab Duaid `that is not the reason for which David sang it', 35a8 . nach accuis trissanétatsat som inna anu hisin, 57a3 . sainaccuis do Duaid sech cách, 36c11 . cen fochunn ┐ cen accuis, 46b14 , 126d17 . ar main bed accuiss na precepte sin `for if it were not because of that teaching', Wb. 9b19 . in di accuis, Sg. 200a13 . it hē achuis (acsi, v.l.) ar a nglanaiter, Corm. Y 1082 = aicsin, Corm. Bodl. 38 . sain didiu accuis as rohainmniged cach āe, Corm. Y 1079 . nisber nach a.¤ aile acht dul tar bur cenn-si there is no other reason for it(?), Anecd. i. 43.18 . acais toirge na nDéise, Ériu iii 135.2 .

In prep. phrases: ar accuis pectho `because of sin', Ml. 60b19 . ar accuis tesairgne do mnai ríg Érend, LU 10770 = ar cuis, Ériu xii 170.5 (TE). ?fu acis gl. sub obtentu, Thes. i 498.29 . hua accuiss sulbairichthe `because of politeness', Sg. 45b3 . trena a.¤ (i.e. because of Findabair), LL 11323 (TBC).

In Laws cause, occasion of injury to others, hence offence, crime(?). Cf. it he ceithri anmand cinath conlat ar diuit: tucait, ag, acais, etgid, O'Mulc. 456 . dilis do ceilib . . . seoit . . . acht fris-rognat a flaithe . . . na dernat acais a mbais `wenn sie . . . ihren Tod nicht verursacht haben' (i.e. have com- mitted no crime leading to their lord's death), ZCP xiv 362 § 22 , see p. 363 . caide fochonn, caide agh, caide acais . . . acúis don gnímh son do gní nech for torbha do budein ┐ imaric aimles nach aile de cin elguin ┐ ní duine féin is fer láimhe di `acuis' is that deed which one does for one's own advantage and from which disadvantage ensues to another person though he has committed no crime and is not the per- petrator thereof(?), O'Don. 577 (H.3. 17, 444). See 3 ág. gan ágh, gan a.¤, gan urcoid . . . a n-adrad h'arm, MR 294.15 .

(b) hatred, enmity, rancour etc.: acais dhlighidh, Ériu xiii 25.6 glossed .i. aor no mallacht . . . no a.¤ .i. immidh, O'Dav. 40, 399 (cf. ZCP xiv 7 ). aincis (acais, v.l.) is miscaith namá / dhá ṡenainm na mallachta, Met. Gl. 14 § 29 . fí fo builc .i. a.¤ fo thuind, RC xx 252.1 (ACC). ferb .i. bolg .i. acuis fo tuinn, O'D. 27 (H 3.17, col. 25). na bi ar acais na miscais do gní acht do rellad na firinne, O'C. 2599 ( Eg. 88 fo. 51 (52)a ). is tromsceo a.¤ ┐ duabais ┐ neime for cech n-aen, Alex. 297 . ro aorfadaois o acois ┐ o breachtradh an dána virulence(?), ZCP x 278.3 . doní geōin ┐ acu[i]s ┐ díghbhāil, Feis TC 464 . narbham uan go n-acais fhaoil (i.e. a wolf in sheep's clothing), Aithd. D. 73.16 . lomnán d'imneadh is d'achais (sic), O'Hara 3262 . gapuis . . . ben oile . . . doigh ētta, imthnūith ┐ acaissi di, Fl. Earls 132.25 .

Of disease, illness (cf. is aon n-aicsina fo dera gallra ┐ aincesa, Laws v 352.19 ): rom-soerae, á Ísu / ar a.¤ cech thedmae from every disease, Fél. Ep. 518 . rot gob acais .i. mor galara, YBL 137a17 . indtan rob āiniom ndō, rotgab acais mōr (of disease of Emperor Constantine), ZCP iii 227.2 . galar gan a.¤ gan anbḟorlann, ALC ii 400.15 .

In concrete sense poison, venom: delg co n-acais ina chois co nderna tart ar feith inti `festering', BColm. 42.18 .

1 acht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 acht or dil.ie/200

(freq. act in O. Ir. glosses). See Thurn. Gramm. § 908 . Later ach.

I As prep. with accus. (see Ériu xvii 79 , ZCP xxv 237 )

(a) save, except (lit. outside, Thurn.): cách act tiamthe `every one save Timothy', Wb. 23d5 . bacc de echaib a.¤ serrchu, Laws ii 118.9 . a.¤ cuit naige fine, iv 194.26 . roslechtsat do Patric a.¤ cóicḟir all except five bowed to P., Trip.² 1652 . fiche a.¤ sé bliadna i.e. 14 years, LL 15069 . achd ré n-aithrighe d'fhagháil save that there was time for repentance, DDána 64.9 .

(b) More freq. after neg. vb. as in: act aní ropridchussa dúib (nothing) save gl. nihil . . . sapietis, Wb. 20b4 . nand asse díchenglad cor mbél . . . inge (acht, MS) nóe curu it is not proper to dissolve contracts . . . except for nine contracts . . . Ériu xvii 66 §§ 4 , 5 .

(c) Hence in sense of Engl. only, merely , etc. (cf. Fr. ne . . . que): ar ni arilsem-ni act dígail for we have deserved only punishment, Wb. 20d14 . ni bí nach dethiden foir act fognam do día his only care is to serve God, 10b9 . ni gessid . . . act búaid precepte, 26a34 . nicon chloor act for caínscél, 23b41 . connaccon bet a.¤ degnimai less so that he may have only good works, Ml. 129a9 . ní rádat som a.¤ bréic ┐ togaís they speak only lies and deceit, 31a18 . in tan nád techtat a.¤ oin aimsir `when they have only one time', Sg. 5a10 . nī fūar a ssēt a.¤ Maire `I have found not her like save Mary', Thes. ii 349.4 (Hy. v). a.¤ fo thri nico rotroisci M. `that M. never fasted but thrice', Mon. Tall. 157.5 (§ 72) muna bed a.¤ don dornsann ní himtecar la suidaib, Laws iv 158.5 . nach ístais biad . . . a.¤ biad Conchobair, IT i 75.15 . conna-ruc a.¤ oīnchois ūaim, Sc. M² 12 . ni boi arm la Hiruath . ... a.¤ bocṡlaitt moir, PH 850 (a.¤ bocslat mor, v.l., ZCP xiv 147.7 ). na déantar lámh dhearg a.¤let none but her be outlawed(?) Dán Dé ix 9 . nach fuil a.¤ talam ┐ luaith san cholainn daonna nothing but earth and ashes, TSh. 432 . gan a.¤ mac tíre 'na sesamh rena brollach only a wolf standing at her breast (instead of her own calf), BNnÉ 164 § 34 . Note also: dearna a láimhe a.¤ a lámh oile / clár do b'áilne snoidhe sain, DDána 32.22 , where a neg. is implied (see notes).

(d) With emphasising nammá, amáin: a.¤ comparit neutair nammá gl. non inuenitur nisi neutri generis, Sg. 41a8 . act seircc ndée tantum (= nammá) gl. non quaerit quae sua sunt, Wb. 12c2 . a.¤ nammá renders Lat. nisi forte, 9d21 , 12c32 . a.¤ éolas nammá, TBFr. 392 . ní thérna díb a.¤ oenchóicer namá, BDD² 1494 . teach . . . cen dorus . . . a.¤ seinistir ┐ forleas namá a house without any door but a window and skylight only, 81 . a.¤ dá angel amáin ní bátar and, LL 291a3 . ní bhí a.¤ an moladh amháin / ní don domhan a.¤ díoláimh `save praise alone', TD 31.8 . a.¤ trōcaire Dé amhāin, Fl. Earls 134.20 .

(e) So also with follg. mad (cf. acht má as conjunction infra): a.¤ mad a claind `unless it be her (own) children' (gl. docere autem mulieri non permitto), Wb. 28b13 . ni ruc . . . claind . . . a.¤ mad óeningin, IT i 130.14 . nád aithgainethar . . . a.¤ mad indred n-indligthech, Críth Gabl. 564 . noco ria nech dib ar éc . . . a.¤ mad Essu ┐ Caleb, SR 4732 . a.¤ mad aenfer, Anecd. i 63 § 115 . indis dam firindi, riam nucha n-ebartais a.¤ mad guth ceart, Fen. 156.21 . ni bhíodh neach aga ghoire a.¤ madh na hoighe allaid `save only the deer', ZCP i 64 § 57 .

(f) Hence in adv. phrase a.¤ (mad) becc lit. except (but only) a little, hence almost: combo marb a.¤ bec until he was almost dead, LU 3290 ( SC 8 ). a mboi de ór . . . oca a.¤ becc almost all the gold they had, PH 999 . fāsughudh C. . . . a.¤ becc `almost total devastation', RC xvii 384.23 (Tig.). corloiscit cella fer Midhi a.¤ mad becc, 389.7 .

II As conjunction

(a) In sense save only that, except that (folld. by nasalising rel. clause in O.Ir., see Thurn. Gramm. § 503 ) (freq. with nammá): ro legsat canóin amal rundalégsam-ni a.¤ ronda-sáibset-som tantum `they have read the Scripture text as we have read it save only that they have perverted it', Ml. 24d24 . accobor la mmenmuin maid do imradud act nandléicci concupiscentia carnalis , Wb. 3d13 . Borg Emna ro tetha / a.¤ mairte a clocha `save that its stones remain', Fél. Prol. 194 . is bēlra dligthech concanat, a.¤ nat aithgnet cluasa dōine, Ériu ii 118 § 54 . a.¤ nach deachaidh tar muir Manann, riámh ní rosgabh rí ba fearr, Keat. ii 5755 . So also in the following (where rel. not marked): haue a.¤ ro noebad / do Dunlang `a grandson, save that he has been hallowed, of D.', Fél. April 11 . manid caindleóracht in tige as ail duit do chosnamh a.¤ namá bid mó bas loscud don tig oldás bas suillse don tegluch except that the house is more likely to catch fire than its inmates to get light, LU 9197 ( FB 92 ). conrotacht . . . a tech . . . fo chosmailius na Cráebrúadi . . . a.¤ nammá ro derscaigestar a tech so . . . do thigib inna hamsiri, 8046 ( FB 1 ). coro ṡollsigset in catraig na dluma derga . . . a.¤ ni loisctís nech nama without however burning anyone, LB 152b41 .

(b) With má, mani, cé (see Vendryes, Ériu xvi 21f. ). With má except if, unless: act ma chotchela gl. numquid Israhel non cognouit, Wb. 5a9 . act massu made in chretem rochretsid gl. nisi frustra credidistis, 13a34 . act mad melltach lassin fer `unless it be agreeable to the husband', 9d17 . act mad óentu dúib occa gl. ex consensu, 9d22 . tír Cannain . . . / nista . . . / a.¤ ma rannait . . . / for meic iar for n-adnacul unless your sons divide it SR 4735 . ní dligther fothud a thige do neoch . . . a.¤ ma ḟrisnasar a ḟlaith, Críth Gabl. 79 . nocho chumcaid-si imchaisin Críst a.¤ ma blasti bás ar thús, Trip.² 1147 . ní talla a léni de a.¤ mad fria huaim `he may not take off his shirt except it be to stitch it', Ériu vii 140 . Note also: a.¤ má dothísad Arddrí secht nime dó ní reg-sa, Trip.² 1354 .

(c) With mani except if . . . not. So in some early exx., but later = a.¤ má or mani: a.¤ manidchomalnid a rropridchad dúib gl. nisi forte reprobi estis (you show that God is in you except you fulfil not what has been preached to you, Wb. 18b7 . ni ba messi dogena a.¤ manimléicther ind it is not I who will do it unless I am not allowed in i.e. provided I am not forbidden to enter, RC xxv 26.9 . noco mberthar uaimse ait na halma ass (leg. a.¤ Vendryes, loc. cit.) manip aúrderg limsa, LU 5029 (TBC) unless I do not consider them visible i.e. worthy of being seen (Vendryes). a.¤ minab edrud ┐ grian, `provided it be not between thee and the sun', Ériu viii 122.28 . In follg. exx. = a.¤ má, a.¤ mani: ni segar baithis acht menip dóig bes marb in gein unless the child seems likely to die, Ériu ii 208 § 32 . fotdáilfind i n-ilpartib . . . a.¤ manibad F. were it not for F. LU 5673 (TBC). ?is mesi . . . dliges a caurathmir a.¤ mani brister anfír form unless I am treated unfairly, LU 8986 ( FB 74 ). ni raga ass . . . a.¤ manit ainge ben unless a woman protect you, 3352 ( SC 14 ). ní maith duit imthecht t'oenur a.¤ mani[d] dáil fir no thēig, Fingal R. 91 . acht mana maidi in talam found unless the ground breaks under us, TBC² 3577 = mono thaeth (muna maidhi, muna maoighthfe v.ll.), TBC 5975 . ni ra cotail C. risin re sin, a.¤ mani chotlad fithisin ṁbic . . . C. did not sleep during that time except for a little while, 2473 = a.¤ mad mani chotlad, LU 6338 . nach fer gentor a.¤ mona bentar a cend de unless his head is cut off, RC xii 88 § 99 . a.¤ mana bera lat in topur so `unless you take away this well', Lism. L. 4669 . a.¤ muna faghbam ní dar cobair orra sin ní bia duine a mbethaid unless we can find something to protect us from them there will not be a person alive, Acall. 6174 . ní dénann urchóitt do neach acht mona derna nech urcóit di, Maund. 33 . nad ḟetar-sa . . . act manip íat in Galían, CRR 11 . a.¤ munab í M. th' iarraidh, Eachtra Uill. 4300 .

(d) With cia even though, even if: act ci nip lour `even though it be not sufficient', Wb. 11d15 . nach facamur riamh roimhi, / a.¤ gér cian ar comnoide though long has been our sojourn, Ériu iv 114.32 . tu easbal dob annsa leis /. . ./ a.¤ ger ionmhuin gach easbal, Dán Dé i 9 . ba menmarc leis co mberadh buaidh a.¤ ge bhadar ced fan fer `he wished to defeat them even though they were a hundred to one', St. Ercuil 1471 . acht gidh mór do maith doronuis co ró-so, ZCP vi 67.8 . for imegla a bhāssaigthe a.¤ ge ro baoi i n-a Pāpa, Fl. Earls 206.20 . a.¤ gér laoch mear even though he was a swift warrior, LBranach 7210 . Samson, a.¤ gér chalma a neart, Éigse iv 188.71 .

(e) In conditional sense if only, provided that (folld. in O. Ir. by perfective subj. except where an impossible condition is implied, see Thurn. Gramm. § 904 ): bíth and beos acht ropo i tuil dée `let him still abide therein provided it be in God's will', Wb. 10a25 . act ní arbarat biuth inna túari provided they eat not the foods, 10c1 . bid maith mo menmese act rocloor for cáinscéilsi `my mind will be glad provided I hear good news of you', 23d2 . atá comeisseírge act rocretem oipred dæ, 27a15 . ni imned lim act rop Crist pridches, 23b24 . buí cara damsa isin tírsea . . . a.¤ rofeasmais conair dá thig if only we knew the way to his house, BDD² 262 . a.¤ rop coir ní gellas, Críth Gabl. 505 . a.¤ ropom airdric-se (ropa airdercsa LU), maith lim cen co bend buan acht oenlaa, TBC² 571 . ata lasna tuati beith lór dóib do ascnam nime acht doratat ní dona hanmchairtib (sic leg.) `the lay folk deem it enough to win a place in heaven if only they have given something to their confessors', Mon. Tall. 141.16 (§ 35) . doémat na trī sailm-sea . . . acht rogabthar gach dīa, ZCP iii 30.23 . With non-per- fective vb.: a.¤ ni bed úall and `if only there were no pride in it', Wb. 10b27 . nico mórbrig laisim and a.¤ ní cometestar dond accobar `he counts it no great matter provided there be no yielding to desire', Mon. Tall. 152.7 (§ 63) . a.¤ com-messind-se mo maccu nī diṅgentais do chride chrád if only I were able to control my sons, Fing. R. 498 . Note also: noco nindligthech do gin co tuca abad acht techtugad do breith `provided that he has brought the means of taking possession', Laws iv 4.15 .

(f) Similarly with follg. co n-: ríge láech nErend . . . dait . . . a.¤ co nderna mo chomarlisea provided thou do, LU 8114 ( FB 8 ). a.¤ cor damthar fír fer dam ol sé atbér, 9213 (94) . a.¤ co rabat glinni mo diṅgbála ria provided there are sureties to satisfy me, MU² 64 . a.¤ co nde[r]nat maith / flaith uaidib co bráth, Trip.² 1798 . cretfemit do Christ a.¤ co ro-fhindamm a nert, PH 345 . nis-fil do plāig . . . for bith nachus-bera sin for cūlu, a.¤ corup léir guidter Dia occai, RC xii 430 § 21 . With non- perfective vb.: asbert . . . nod lemad a mbrethugud a.¤ co ndaimtis nammá fora breith, LU 9012 ( FB 76 ). dá fessed a.¤ combad fer ulcach nod ngonad no mairfedsom he ind (mixed constr.) 6110 (TBC). cuma a dteasda uan dom aois / gan suan feasda a.¤ go bhféadmaois, Dán Dé xvii 5 . a cōir féine a.¤ go bhfagha / ni dóigh Éire i n-aontamha, TD 24.1 . Hence as soon as: act arroilgither ind epistilse dúibsi berthir úaib Laudocen- sibus gl. et cum lecta fuerit apud vos aepistola [haec] facite ut et in L. aeclesia legatur, Wb. 27d13 . aiggelat sa hé a.¤ co roisc int oirned as soon as the ordination is ended, RC xlii 134 § 9 . acht co ndernair hoc rechtair romhat dochum an prainntighe, RC xxvi 374.1 . With non-perfective vb.: ragat a.¤ co fiasur in n-airm atá I will go as soon as I know where he is, LU 3373 ( SC 17 ). bérthar cainnli duit acht co tumthar, Lism. L. 1996 .

(g) In adversative sense but: énirt a cocubussom . . . act nosnerta in sonirt, Wb. 10c3 . coir irnigde tra inso act ní chumcamni, 4a27 . robatar leosom eter desciplu . . . act dorigénsat in descipuil dechor etarru, 7d10 . cenél Maicc Ercae as tressam . . . a.¤ nochon follamnaiget amal ardrígu, Trip.² 1064 . lánsíth i nHérinn . . . a.¤ buí imneissi chatha iter dá Chorpre, BDD² 230 .

(h) Often introducing a positive clause oppd. to a preced- ing neg. one or vice versa: ni imdibe dualche . . . act is imdibe colno, Wb. 21b11 . conibé eter in peccato act co beid in pænitentia , 9b2 . ní bo ar seirc móidme act conrobad torbe dúibsi triit, 17a13 . ní dron act is diuit et is glé, 17b4 . ni ar Abracham . . . a.¤ is diar foirbthetuni, 2d2 . ni delb ad-rorsat act is cosmulius delbe, 1b19 . ba torad saithir dúun . . . act ní bad nertad na mbraithre, 10c21 . is hé láech is áildem . . . a.¤ níba s[h]uthain, TBFr. 5 . ni hainfis a.¤ día necar doniam indnos it is not in ignorance, but to set them forth that we proceed in this way, Mon. Tall. 154.27 (§ 66) . co rrabe . . . cen dig cen biad, a.¤ 'co immorchor ón taíb co araile, Sc. M² 3 . In sense at all events, however: mór di ḟertaib . . . doróne . . . acht aisnédfimne úaiti do ilib díb, Trip.² 110 . nī himda persa . . . is fessach crēd . . . in bāss geipit, acht nī thernoighit tar aiss amach go bráth, Fl. Earls 70.31 . Note also: munup do saighe selbha a.¤ for ecin `unless he seizes land by force only', Laws iv 26.16 Comm. nídnanaid a crothad nach a flescad a.¤ a nidi `it is no protection to shake or beat it, but only to wash it', Mon. Tall. 155.2 (67) . ná dearbh as a.¤ go hairech, Content. vi 27 .

(i) On cases where the prec. neg. sentence contains a word meaning only: ni hed a méit nonchretidsi act fodaimid fochidi airi `not only do ye believe it but ye endure sufferings therefor', Wb. 23c7 . nípat hé . . . nammá beite isind inducbáil sin a.¤ bieit cit geinti, 4c40 . nirbo chuit eperte tantum act robatar cid ferte dia imthrenugud, 24c5 . ni namá na duile aicside do chumscugud . . . a.¤ ro-chumscaigit gráda nime, PH 152 .

(j) In the idiom a.¤ ní . . . ní not only not . . . but not (cf. sech): a.¤ ní ructaisseom airesom ní rucadsom foraibsom not only could they not get away from him but he could not catch up with them, BDD² 300 and note. a.¤ nis leicim nis étaim, TBC 2334 (= sech LU). a.¤ ni trebad ni coimge, Met. Dinds. iv 332.36 . a.¤ ni gonab-sa ni gonfa-sa mo moindter-sa, Ériu v 32.23 . a.¤ ní mó a cách ní lugu `not only is it not increasing but it is not less', Otia ii 81.2 . In positive constr.: acht ba dimdach ba debthach, SR 5688 . atbert in drui: a.¤ saerfaithir do mathair doberthar duit na bú as well as freeing your mother the cows will be given to you, IT i 40.x . Note also: a.¤ ní buaid a denam imbáruch is mó is dimbúaid a denam innocht, TBC 1866 .

(k) With cia: cindas rainnfither in mucc . . . cīa indas . . . a.¤ a-rann ar chomramaib in what other way, Sc.M² § 6 . cid, ol si, acht maillechut-sa tú co sír, PH 8262 . Introducing a phrase: cid fil ann didiu (sic leg.) a.¤ amal itcualae, PH 834 . cid fil ann immorro acht ni dechaidh aonnech ina ndocum, St. Ercuil 449 . Note also: aní ná roich lám, cid a.¤, / is écen dam a dúthracht, LU 3935 (`yet' SC § 44 ).

(l) As quasi-conjunction in idioms with cen (gan): gan é a.¤ i naois ōiglenaib `seeing he was but of young child's age', O'Gr. Cat. 381.13 . gan lios . . . a.¤ lán do dhoire dharach TD 28.7 . gan duine a.¤ ag dol ar séad, Dán Dé ix 34 . gan duine . . . do dol faoi . . . acht le custam do dhīol `that no one should go under it without paying custom', Fl. Earls. 90.4 . brugh. loch. Lugh inand ghabhaid a.¤ gan illradh ag Lugh, IGT Decl. p. 81 § 29 . Note also: ní fuil mac Gaoidhil ná Goill / a.¤ lán dá éanghrádh uile, TD 17.57 . ní bhí leó a urdail a.¤ d'ór /. . ./ cinn a bhfagha suaine a sleagh / nó truaille tana dtroigheadh `they have not so much as the heads of their javelins . . . but is gold', 9.29 .

In introductory phrases: a.¤ chena is alaind cech nderg, LU 3914 ( SC 43 ). gabhuis Columcille in salm . . . acht cena ni rolegh-som acht aibghiter namá cosin, Lism. L. 823 . a.¤ nammá atáa mí nád n-imthet rí a.¤ cethrur however there is a month when a king goes about accompanied by four only, Críth Gabl. 535 . acht atá ní chena, bar F., is fiach fola ┐ feola dó-som é, TBC 2989 . See also cena. cid (trá) a.¤, cid fil and (trá) a.¤ etc., see trá II(b). a.¤ (mad) énní however, nevertheless, at all events: achtmadh enní, do marbhadh ceithre fir décc [dibh], FM v 1328.4 . acht aenni, do bitis debtha dermara eturro, Ann. Conn. 1315.4 . acht aen ni . . . bemitt ar aenconair, 1315.8 .

III As subst. ise cuit in achta ann this is the function of the word `acht' in that passage, O'D. 745 (H 3.17 col. 541) (possibly to be referred to 2 acht).

afameinn, abamin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. afameinn, abamin or dil.ie/660

Forms: af(f)amenad

conj. (orig. a vb.) introducing an optative clause would that, I should like etc. See Thurn. Gramm. § 899 . Vendryes, Etudes Celt. viii 304 ff. , ZCP lvii 65 , Die keltischen Primärverben 475 . ` o' aduerbium est uocandi et optandi .i. o .i. afameinn pro vtinam ', Sg. 207b14 . With nasalizing rel. clause: abamin for-n-aidminte `would that thou wouldst call to mind', 161b11 . With non-rel. constr.: afomensa dognethea `would that thou wouldst do it', H. 3.18 , p. 41 marg. sup. a menain si congabaind an Chaisc dóib ar ái cormae, Ir. Texts i 7 § 23 `I should like to keep Easter for them in the matter of ale', Ir. Hist. Stud. i 126 § 23 and note p. 350 . Preterital af(f)amenad is used for past wishes (of another person): forcomnacair buith a maicc som hi róim affamenad som didiu no légad a macc inn heret sin imbói . . . ┐ afamenad raḟessed in roleg . . ., Sg. 148a6 . Cf. fomenainn, do-ménainn.

aidemm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidemm or dil.ie/870

Forms: aidimm, idim, uidim, udaim, ughaim, audaim

n ā, f. Also aidimm i, m. See Thurn. Gramm. p. 163 . Found in a great variety of forms: idim, uidim, udaim, ughaim, audaim etc.

The general sense is instrument, implement, tool used in a variety of applications, see Plummer, Ériu x 118 . aidmi oipretho pectho ref. to membris nostris, Wb. 3c14 . arnaib aidmib gl. pro instrumentís uindictæ, Ml. 54b4 . ind adim (in adim, MS.) gl. instrumentum est diuinae iustitiae, 49b7 (see Thurn. Gramm. loc. cit.); ?read i n-adim as an instrument, Plummer MS. notes. Of musical instruments: alaaile aidme ceuldae, Ml. 51c5 . aláaili aidme in chiuil, 89a9 . it hæ didiu ind aidmi asmbeirsom .i. organa , 8 . inna aidmi (a pl.) gl. instrumenta musica, 75c3 . caraid som inna aidmi in chiuil amal carthar inducbál, 4 . anmand aidmi ciuil, Auraic. 1482 . Of writing-implements: Tadhcc . . . do sgrib an beccan sin . . . le drochaidhme, L. Chl. Suibhne 74.5 . Of shaving-implements: aidhme in berrtha, Lism. L. 2630 . Of agricultural implements etc.: aidme claidi in talman, Trip.² 921 . cona aidhmibh iarnaidhe . . . an talam do tochailt dona haidmibh, BNnÉ 323 § 34 . cen chlaidbe adma fige `without rods or implements of weaving', Met. Dinds. iv 332.30 . aidhme legha, H. 3.18, 71c11 . Of travel-requisites: aidmi na conaire, TTr.² 590 . na huile aidhme ro báidhid innte ó chen, FM iii 42.9 . aidmi gl. armamenta nauis ( Act. xxvii 19 ), Thes. i 498.27 (Ardm.) ra iarraidit as cech aird a h-adbara ┐ a áidimmi (of building a ship), LL 218b31 ( TTr. 122 ). Of sports-requisites: a aidhme ainesa, TBC St. 908 . aidme (aidhbena, v.l.) ainesa, TBC 2247 . Of weapons: fo aicni na haidhme dar feradh in fuiliuga[dh] according to the nature of the weapon with which the wound was inflicted, O'Don. 874 ( H. 3.17, c. 627 ). mas tre ésce ferfaithir na cneda, cibe aidim trisa ferthair, 2323 ( Rawl. B 506 fo. 34a ). cach udhim aidmillti, CCath. 4139 . dorónsat gaill aidhme iongnaithe damhainsi ealadhan ┐ inntlechta, FM iii 280.w . focerdsi iolar ndaoine go hEirinn cona n-aidhmibh techta leo 'with the necessary arms', vi 2000.6 , cf. ataat a aidmi téchte lasin n-aidchi (leg. aithech? Notes), BDD² 1355 . aidhme toghla an chaisteoil do dhénamh leó, FM vi 1980.6 . Of furniture, vessels, etc.: aidmib h-in airc . . . co h-ulib, LB 123a47 . do denamh na hairce gos na haidhmibh ros foghain di, Leb. Gab. 8.20 . fa hiad aidhme a adhbhadh, DDána 83.13 . Esp. of ecclesiastical utensils: huanaib aidmib noibaib robatar hi tempul, Ml. 74a13 . aidme altoire, Laws i 232.4 = itmi a.¤ , O'C. 809 ( H. 3.18, p. 374a ). in altóir cona haidmib téchtaib, Ériu i 219 § 6 . ruc brait móir a cathraig ṅDé / ┐ romill a aidme, ZCP iii 19.19 . mess cet n-unga do aidmib aiffrinn Ceallaig, AU ii 98.5 . crosa ┐ polaire ┐ tiagha leabur ┐ aidhme eclusdai arcena, Lism. L. 968 . aidme coiserca .i. airc . . . in coimded ┐ na table cloche . . ., YBL 169a18 . ? a cethair soisgéla ana láim féin ┐ sceota na n-aidhbheagh ar muin cléirigh re chois, Im. Brain 64.10 = sceota na n-aidhbéadh, 31 . Of plough-traces, harness: no ticcedh damh allaidh . . . gusan seisrigh no gusan ughaim ┐ do theigedh 'san ughaim uadha féin, ZCP x 4.12 . do chuir a nughaim na ccámhull íad in the camel's furniture, Gen. xxxi 34 . a srien ┐ a n-audhaim `of their bridles and harness', Fl. Earls 252.27 . Of the membrum virile: mas i a uidim ro benad asin duine, Laws iii 354.15 Comm.

Technical name for the ring or hoop with which the hurdles of an enclosure or pound were fastened together (see Plummer loc. cit.): udim .i. nomen dond rōi (roid, v.l.) triasa tēit in crand bīs forsin clēith ocon udmad, nō occa dūnad, Corm. Y 1269 `u. is the name of the great ring through which passes the stake on the hurdle, fastening it with an u. or closing it', Plummer. udhma .i. uaim arin fidh .i. . . . in idh bec bis a[c] comat in cumainn, O'Dav. 1615 . ar cul a comla . . . .i. ni fuaslaicther de dogrés .i. aidhme fonaisctear and, O'D. 1182 (H. 2.15 p. 45 (69)b) `behind the door . . . i.e. it is never released thence, that is, `aidhme' are fastened on it', Plummer (see udmad). Similarly in phrase a.¤ corthi: udhaim corthi .i. idh uaim .i. uaim in fedha, O'D. 1208 (H. 2.15, 83a). audoim .i. roi[d] gait, ut dicitur audaim corthe, O'C. 124 ( H. 3.18, p. 75 ). aí daim choirthe (audaim coirthi, audhoim corthi, audim corad v.l.), IT iii 36 § 18 ; 37.2 , 6 , 8 .

In general sense of means, cause: aidim duinibaidh, RC xxxvii 347 § 42 . Cf. aidme.

áilges

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áilges or dil.ie/1007

Forms: á-, ailgess, ailgis, ailgais, algis, algais, hālgese, algessi, algaisse, ailgeasa, t-álgas, áilgi[o]s, algiusa, ailciusa, alghusa, álghais

n ā, f., later (?) u and o, m. The meaning and earlier inflection are against analysis as deriv. of álaic (cf. Desid. Gloss.) though the rhyming exx. ( Met. Dinds. iii 62.107 and bardic verse passim) indicate long á-. The length-mark is not usual in early exx., and Thurn. Heldensage 69 , on the basis of Corm. Y 62 , takes as compd. of 2 ail and geis `Schimpf- Bitte' (note that geis in general sense of request is poorly attested). Desid. Gloss. suggests compd. of áil and geis. In later verse with unlen. -g-, as shown by the rhymes quoted infra.

As ā, f. n s. ind ailgess , Corm. Y 62 . a s. ailgis, Thes. ii 339.5 . ailgais, 47 . algis (: Pictavis), Fél. Jan. 13 . algais, LU 9727 . g s. na hālgese , ZCP ix 449 § 2 . algessi (: deissi), Met. Dinds. iii 138.18 . algaisse, Folklore iii 503 § 40 . n p. ailgeasa, Laws v 352.1 .

As o and u, m. n s. in t-ailges , Laws i 300.12 Comm. in t-álgas (: thángas), DDána 7.36 . a s. áilgi[o]s (: fáidli[o]s), Met. Dinds. iii 62.107 . g s. algiusa, LU 2809 . ailciusa, LB 155b16 . alghusa, Desid. 6523 . álghais (: ccais, leg. chais, ed.), O'Hara 3180 .

(a) In legal sense demand, request (usually made by poet): ailgess . . . .i. geis guide, ┐ is ar ail didiu nammā doberar in gude sin, nī har a molad. sechtmad dano lōge enig indī cosa connegar ind algess; is ī ind ailgess tēchta, Corm. Y 62 (cf. Heldensage 69 cited above). ni diles in t-ailgeis do berar don file ar eagla aoire, O'D. 541 ( H. 3.17, c. 434 ). tri ruidles ollaman ailges ┐ anamhain ┐ glaimh dicend, O'D. 2319 ( Rawl. B. 506 , 33b2 ). ailges do ceanduibh an extempore demand, O'D. 2208 (Nero A vii fo. 144a). atait secht n-ailgesa breithe la Feine .i. secht n-oll-geisi no secht is tairmisge ar in mbrethemain, Laws v 352.1 . in tailges dligthech .i. ris in ti na damann dlighedh do iar tabairt ailgesa air, i 300.12 Comm. ini gellus in ben tar cenn a heinig .i. in ailges indligthech, v 216.5 Comm.

(b) General sense (importunate) wish or request: in clam gáde ailgis (.i. a itge) dí, Thes. ii 339.5 (Hy. v). ni dlegar dím acht oenailgis isind losa, RC iii 179.6 . tar ēsse na halgese forfuirmis the boon thou hast requested, ZCP ix 449 § 2 . trí hailgesa (haisgeadha v.l.) étúalaing `three impossible demands', Triads 113 . In special phrases. gaibid a.¤ DE: demands: co rragbat algis dia gaibseom . . . atá i tairṅgere dia gaiseom rí do marbad de mani gabthar algis de let them demand his spears, LL 13941 . Crechmael drúth Énnae . . dorochair and oc gabáil algessi do ingin macdacht through desiring a girl, 22255 . rogabsat na mná ailgis do Chonchobur, 14328 . rogab algais de im athchuingid fair demanded a request of him, LU 9727 . Cridenbél Cáinte gaphais algas dim . . . im na tri mirionn as dech dim cuibrind demanded of me the three . . ., RC xii 64 § 27 . tarla clamha dhó . . . gabhsat ailgius de cu tart a chasal doibh, Lism. L. 2389 . gnim nailgesa .i. á.¤ do gabail de tre ngnim ndraighechta, O'C. 457 ( H. 3.18, 243a ) (ref. to geis in sense of magic). do-beir a.¤ FOR demands of: is e dorat algais for F. `who made demand of F.', Folklore iii 469.5 . tobert ailges forsind rīg im ḟeis laiss, Anecd. iii 57.7 . fo-ceird a.¤ FOR: íarna chur do feraib Herend algiusa fair immo fis cáit ro adnacht D. after the men of Ireland had requested of him to know, LU 2809 . ro laisi trá fo deoid algis fair sium co tudchad for aithed léi she begged him to elope with her, 2930 . do cor algusa for Lucc ōn `this was a challenge to Lugh', RC xii 78 § 72 . As quasi vn. oc a.¤ FOR: og áilghes fair importuning him, Hugh Roe² 78.6 (fo. 20b) . ro gabsat ic saint ┐ ac ailcius debtha for Troiandu, BB 429b20 .

(c) strong desire, wish: tercci in bíd ┐ met a ailciusa and the greatness of their appetite, LB 155b16 . gan ailges bīdh gan bethaid mēth, ZCP viii 231.21 . cor-gab saínt ┐ ailgius catha . . . na curaid, TTebe 2610 . acht gníther tol ┐ áilgius ┐ accobur Priaim and, LL 229b 44 ( TTr. 932 ). ar accobor ┐ ar ailgius leo na timna . . . diadha do comhallad, Lism. L. 3312 . na neithe da ttabhratais lucht aingcisi . . . miana ┐ áilghesa, BNnÉ 128.28 . re h-ailgius na h-ingabala eagerness to escape, MR 318.25 . ó uile ālghas do chroidhi with all thy heart, Desid. 4819 . ní dáilghes a hionnmhais, FM v 1652.5 . tic algis . . . on croidhi appetitus, Ériu ix 64.29 . mé gan m'álghas d'iongabhail (: rángas), Dán Dé xxii 16 . ní don bhaile do bhí m'álgus (: fhágbhus), L. Cl. A. Buidhe 83.43 . an t-álgas fhuair an bhean / uaim, DDána 7.36 . damh fa álgus a oirimh (: fádghlas), IGT Decl. ex. 1319 . fa álgas ḟir m'ḟiadhaighthi (: tángas), ex. 1292 . Note also: re frepta do liaig .i. in re bis in ailges `the time that he is in illness', Laws v 308.y Comm. áilgheas `the dysentery', Celtica vi 68 .

ailm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ailm or dil.ie/1060

n f.

(a) pine-tree: a.¤ .i. crand giuis .i. ochtach, Auraic. 1194 . a.¤ .i. ochtach . . . no a, id est, quasi pailm a palma., 4293 .

(b) Name of the letter a in the ogham alphabet: a.¤ didiu cetlapra gach pi ┐ iachtad gach mairb i.e. ah! is the first thing we utter on entering life and the last on leaving it, Auraic. 2797 = O'C. 371 ( H. 3.18, 207 ). ar is a.¤ (no a) adber in duine ac iachtad i ngalar, Auraic. 5576 . aicmi ailmi, 989 . luis ailme, beithe ailme .i. la, ba, 999 . IGT Introd. § 4. (4. 6) . gabar tria a.¤ quasi caper rotruailled and i.e. the e of `caper' has been corrupted into a in `gabar', Corm. Y 675 . a.¤ na haenur a naghaidh na secht litrech aili, O'D. 1224 (H. 2.15, p. 86b). a.¤ .i. in tí dana fidh a.¤ ina ainm .i. in flaith, O'C. 370 ( H. 3.18, 207 ). d'a.¤ nō d'ur .i. a nō u, Parrth. Anma 6302 . nion, ruis, dá onn, ┐ a.¤ (i.e. Onóra), Dánta Gr. 89.13 .

airdircigidir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airdircigidir or dil.ie/1845

Forms: airda(i)rcigidir, airdercugud

v (airdirc). Also airda(i)rcigidir.

(a) celebrates, solemnizes, keeps (a festival): erdaircigidir gl. concelebrat, Ml. 28b15 . erdirci[gi]dir gl. celebratur, ZCP vii 485.3 (Enchir. Aug.). is ann . . . erdharcaigit in cristaidi lith ┐ sollumun, Lism. L. 1786 .

(b) honours, praises; celebrates the praises of, makes renown ed: celebro .i. ardaircaigim: celebrad didiu erdarcugud anma Dé, Corm. Y 284 . gur hoirdercaigedh ainm De ┐ Maedócc, BNnÉ 195.34 . Gaedealg . . . .i. Gaedheal ros-irdarcaistar (rosirdharcaigestair v.l.) `ennobled it', Auraic. 205 . an fhuil do oirdhearcaidh (sic leg.) sin `the race which he has made glorious', Content. xxix 30 . dáil do oirdhearcaigh iaid-séin, DDána 117.11 .

(c) makes known, publishes abroad, proclaims: celebrabit .i. . . . erdarcaigfes, Ml. 89b4 . erdaircaigim si . . . daib failti moir gl. evangeliso uobis gaudium magnum, Rawl. B 512, 65b (Plummer MS. notes). gach ní no errdercaiged docuiredh fein i ngniomh, RC xxv 396 § 12 . an salm . . . inar scribad ind fhearsa naemsa airdercaigther sund, YBL 154b35 . do hurrdercaigedh fa Erinn ac Tuathaibh De Danann . . . oileamain na hingine sin, Ériu xi 198.5 . roherdurcaiged triasin cathraig `it was proclaimed', Lism. L. 4414 . aisnēidis ┐ oirrdercaigis . . . scēla . . . H. ` published ', Fl. Earls 236.20 .

Cf. prec. Vn. airdercugud.

1 airide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airide or dil.ie/2091

Forms: airidi, airidiu, airide, aridi, aeridi, airidin, airidni, airiten, hairidhni

n (air + 2 suide?) Decl. varies. As io-stem g s. airidi, Críth Gabl. 224 . d s. airidiu, LL 3763 . n p. airide, O'D. 393 ( H. 3.17, 299 ). a p. aridi, RC xxvi 26 n.6 . g p. aeridi, LU 3685 . Also as n-stem: d s. airidin, LL 7491 . n p. airidni, CRR § 3 . g du. da airiten , YBL 419a5 . Also f. g s. na hairidhni , Buile S. 39 .

Part of the standard furnishing of a house, associated with, but distinct from, imdae. See Críth Gabl. 228 n. , SC2 39 n. 485 . arsiasir airimdha esrada sceo airidhíu `he presided over(?) front couches, strewn (couches), front seats', Ériu xvi 179 § 2 . cuslennaig ḟéil fidchellaig / i n-airidiu airthir (of the Tech Midchuarta), LL 3763 (cf. cuslennaigh . . . a noirtiur fhoitsi, Laws iv 338.14 Comm. ). díles n-indles n-a.¤ do brúud . . . forrán a chuile a chumat dírech n-airidi, Críth Gabl. 226 `(the fine for) pillaging his kitchen is the same as for stripping a couch' p. 30 . direch n-airidi nó es nue dia esair stripping of a dais, new straw to cover it(?), 228 and n. eter imda ┐ aridi, RC xxvi 26 n.6 . a ha.¤ . . . ┐ a hinuta soillsi (of a house), O'D. 393 ( H. 3.17, c. 299 ) = a hairmedha, Laws v 326.12 Comm. dogní toil maic Dé do nim / is grian etrocht a mbi sam / is airithe Dé do nim / is lestar glainide glan, Fél. 156.10 (`he is a dais of God in Heaven'). da imdai dec tar a da leithi triar in gach imdáei ┐ ví fir dec hi cechtar a da airiten (of the Teach Midchuarta), YBL 419a5 . co n-accar in coimriti in fer isind a.¤ , ZCP viii 120.17 . atchonnarc triar n-aile isind airidi, BDD 120 ( LU 7642 ). tuc Cerball lua da choiss friasi ┐ si fo chossaib sinn airidin, LL 7491 . conid corustar asa imda go riacht ind aridin ina suidiu for lar, IT ii2 241.x = asa imda for lar i n-airrthur in tigi, Lec. tuc leis anund [in congna] co laechlar in tigi . . . cor' lín o airidin co hurlár, Acall. 2935 v.l. ro-loscit ar ṅdúnaid . . . connach arddi íat 'nas a n-airidni ┐ a n-immellaige, CRR § 3 , § 15. Cf. connarbdar airdiu a déntai andat a immélaig, TBC 1314 . imdhadha ┐ airighne `bunks or sleeping benches' (of a boat), Éigse vii 284 . rolincc . . . léim tar colbha na tuilgi co ráinic cenn na hairidhni síos, Buile S. 39 . fochla didiu cach suidiu n-ai[r]echda; faitsi cach n-a.¤ , Corm. Y 698 ( Anecd. iv 59.y ). faitsi gach n-a.¤ nó gach imdae, O'Dav. 841 . airidhe .i. aurshude, O'Mulc. 78 . eridhe .i. irsuidhe, 426 . Cf. 2 airge?

aisil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aisil or dil.ie/2493

Forms: aisel, aisle, aiseal, -li, -il, aisil, -le, -il

n also aisel. g s. ind aisle , Laws i 132.24 Comm. aiseal f. (g s. and n p. -li, d s. -il), IGT Decl. § 54 . aisil f. (g s. and n p. -le, d s. -il), § 150 . See Lochlann ii 224 . See Hermathena xcix (1964) 49 - 51

Part, division, joint. Of body: asil gl. artus, Sg. 68a2 . dim cēt aisle, dim cēt ḟethi, dim cét cnámha, ZCP vi 258.16 . sē haisle didiu fil ōthā ind meōir co halt na gūaland, Corm. Y 447 ( Anecd. iv 38.1 ). joint of meat: rannais D. assil tṡailli hi cóic tóchtaib, IT i 41.9 . tuc assill isin coire dó, 19 . dorat . . . B. in n-aél 'sin coire ┐ dobert nói n-aisle d'oénbéimmum anís, RC xiii 58 § 51 . fir in baili dligus aisill loin cach mairt, Laws ii 232.13 Comm. cethri aisle senshaille, Aisl. MC 117.24 . Of land: aisil .i. rann, ut est acht aisil do thír frisi-ssuithither. Nó aisil .i. inatt, ut est a comcisnib aisli i clanntar crecht .i. biaidh iarmbrithemnus ann iar comdechsain in inaid in ro glanatht (sic) nó in ro clannadh in crecht, O'Dav. 90 . Of part (of the ornament?) of a sword: claideb . . . co n-a ṡecht n-aslib do dergór ina dessaib, TBC 204 (claideb . . . esnaid óir and, v.l. LU). Of shields: sciath co n-ocht n-aislib findruine, IT ii1 177.92 . doforni oen na n-aisill isin luaith .i. luaithrindi ainm in renna sin, Ériu v 72.20 (making of Cú Chulainn's shield). Cf. aisli .i. faobhar, ut est rinnaighecht i comuaim dá aisli, O'Dav. 57 . ? mas amail aisled is amail cetsceinm, O'C. 925 ( H. 3.18, p. 405 ). ? do-sóigh re táobh caisil cloch / aisil óir gu hÁodh n-eangach, IGT Decl. ex. 1992 . Of cloth: aisle sróil deirg strips(?), IGT Decl. ex. 1375 . In pl. fragments, pieces: iomdha tuir aoil 'n-a n-aislibh `many the white castle overthrown', Aithd. D. 37.36 . tor na aislibh eatorra, IGT Decl. ex. 1348 . go ndearnattar cotanna croinne . . . ┐ blodha bearnacha . . . ┐ aisleagha cearta . . . do na craoiseachaibh, Eachtra Uil. 3016 .

aistrisc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aistrisc or dil.ie/2527

n (Lat. asteriscus, Vendr. Lex.) asterisk: intan foruirim obell ┐ astric foir, Ml. 2a6 . fo obeil ┐ astreisc, RC xx 252 § 54 . fo obail ┐ a.¤ , Hib. Min. 10.336 . dorat cirine astrisc fair, a.¤ didiu ` stella [ra]diens' etercertar, 342 . obil ┐ astrisc, RC viii 366.z . rocertaig Duīd īar ceist / fo obil is fo aistreisc, ZCP iii 22.15 .

1 aithnid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aithnid or dil.ie/2761

Forms: aithnigid

v (1 aithne). Also aithnigid. Replaces earlier ad-noí, q.v.

(a) commits for preservation, delivers to, deposits with: ro aithne a eclais do Pátraic, Trip.² 723 (= commendavit). commenda .i. aithnem (leg. -nim, Plummer MS. notes), Laws i 298.21 Comm. mo charpait, m'eich uili n-og nosaithnim do Maine mór aithnim m'elgnatus uili d'Ḟiachaich I bequeath, Rawl. 138a32 . ini ro haithned o'n fir isa hae co facus tar a eisi isin tig, Laws v 196.18 Comm. dia n-aithnir iat cin co be buachaill, 126.28 Comm. (of cattle). don daer . . . ro haithnid na seoit . . . i necmais a tigerna, iii 230.19 Comm. na haithne aithniter don duine in eislind, 220.11 Comm. na huile aithne ro haithnigedh do duine, ii 304.15 Comm. co roaichni in conair fuigill is fir 'that he pledge the Path of Truth' CIH v 1590.11 , ZCP xlix-l 314 . in fear naithnigther in aithne, O'D. 1180 (H 2.15, p. 25 col. 2). ro haithned . . . i n-ērlaim espuic C. `it was then given into the hands of the bishop of C.', Aisl. MC 43.5 .

(b) entrusts to, commits to the care of, commends to: ros aithne di alaili óig día forcitul commended her to a certain virgin to be taught, Trip.² 2081 . aithnid occ Cassan do legund, 835 `del- ivers him to C. (to learn) to read', Trip. 77 . atnaig in clēirech leis co C. nD. hī ┐ mos-aithin (leg. nos-a.?) aicce í do lēigenn lē. Arch. iii 308 vi 8 . ro aithniset fir Muman a ngiall dia airchisecht, LU 4365 = ngiallu dia n-airchiseacht, Anecd. i 16.8 bestowed their hostages to be looked after. co bo thrí didiu non-aithned Mac con do Chormac offered himself (?), RC xiii 462 § 68 . robi bliadan lan i mbadhud conid iarum ronathnai airisi `then (the sea) gave them up again', Folklore iv 477 § 57 (Edinb. Dinds.). aithnim thú do Rígh na rīgh, ZCP vii 301 § 11 . aithin mé dot oide a Eoin commend me to thy Master, Dán Dé i 1 . is duid aithnes anmanda do carat ┐ a laimdeo `to you she commits the souls of thy friends and her household gods', Aen. 525 . aithnim m'anmain it lámaib, Ériu vi 114 § 2 .

(c) commends, prescribes (a course of action) to (DO): ro athne dam náro chreitind, Trip.² 801 (= non siniuit mihi credere). in tan aithnes aní seo dia apstalaib, LU 2579 . aithnit do (= dó) cogad do denam they exhort him to make war, Cog. 146.16 . d'athain Crist can sin d'innisin `forbade [them] to tell that', Maund. 107 . inní aitheonus mé . . . dogéntar inni sin, BNnÉ 67.y . aithnidir is-ind recht in timna-sa na déirce, PH 5845 . do chuir i gcéill dá fheartaibh / bás t'oidhir nach aitheantair `that His death was not imposed on Him (against His will)', Aithd.D. 59.25 . aithin damsa an tinad point out the place to me, SG 2.29 .

With DE orders, commands: atberim frib . . . ┐ aichnim díb I tell and demand of you, LB 143a45 . ro athain da aes grada can a adhnocol isin brug, YBL 181b19 . aichnigid dia muin- teraib can a corpu do chumhscugudh, Todd Nenn. 204 note p. issed aithnius díot an Flaith, ZCP vii 301 § 8 . do aithin de . . . beith ag frecor ecluisi Torón, xi 138 § 255 . aithnighis (ro fuagair v.l.) di gan urcóid do denamh, BNnÉ 8 § 27 . ná bíodh uirre aithnim dí / cumha a meic, DDána 76.13 . ar na neithibh do athain an Tighearna dhíot, Desid. 4883 .

(e) Exceptional usages: ro athain a mathair é ri techt enjoined on him not to go, TTebe 3729 . ? do athain an Coimhdhe re n-a ndídean `called upon the Lord', Maguires of F. § 3 .

aititiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aititiu or dil.ie/2815

Forms: aididi

n, f. vn. of ad-daim. aididi (ón umhla) f., IGT Decl. § 3 . act of acknowledging, admitting; acknowledgement .

(a) Legal meanings. Of recognition of ownership of prop- erty: deit[i]u didiu saegal comarba, a.¤ saegal a dó . . . is ann as rudradh o rosaigh co cuiciur, ZCP xii 363.19 i.e. when heirs to land succeed one another d. is the name of a claim to ownership made by the first, a.¤ by the second, see ZCP xv 347 . Cf. aiditiu .i. aith-dēti .i. dētiu iterum īar n-aditiu la nech ele prius , Corm. Y 36 . fuaslaicthi cach rudrad forsna hiadha aititiugh every prescriptive right that acknowledge- ment does not close is annulled, O'C. 425 (H 3 18, 232a) = Laws v 496.2 . gellta dib . . . la C. . . . di detiu di comdetiu di aircsiu di a.¤ i.e. pledges were given for them by C. in regard to the various forms of claim (of stolen cattle), Laws i 64.8 . air naisc[id] re ┐ a.¤ ┐ degbal . . . is de ata . . . dilsighther for aititin, ZCP xiii 24.2 `Anerkennung (von der andern Seite) . . . bindet . . . festgehalten werde auf Grund von Geschehen-Lassen (von der andern Seite)', Bürgschaft 12 § 39 . nī bbuī dīlse na a.¤ la fer for n-ecrad `der Mann, gegen welchen (as) besetzt wurde, hatte weder Eigentumsrecht noch Zugeständnis (des Eigentümers)', ZCP xv 346 § 37 . dechmaid na aititin i.e. a testing period of ten days during which the defect in a purchased article could be brought to the notice of the seller, O'C 261 (H 3.18, 151). Of recognising a transaction: is iubaile aititen saire in sain (of the expiration of the term of agreement between lord and tenant), ZCP xv 240 § 3 . baeth cach crecas fri mac mbeoathar i necnairc a athar cen forgaire cen aititin i.e. it is foolish to deal with a son whose father is absent without securing a prior direction or acknowledge- ment (of the transaction) by the father, Laws iii 8 y . a n-aititin tighi fithi do denam ar a ferand, v 316.9 Comm. duine ro bai a naiditain fogla . . . do denam fris `who was cognizant of the commission of a trespass . . . against him', iv 50.7 Comm. sena iar na.¤ denial after acknowledgement (of a crime), iii 108.8 .

Technical term for a type of marriage where a simple acknowledgement (a.) by the father or family of the girl sufficed. A woman married in this way was known as ben (or bē) (n-)aititen and her status was lower than that of the cétmuinter. See Stud. in E. Ir. Law 109 f. , Ir. Recht 27 f. ben aittiten aranaiscc fine, Ir. Recht 27 § 30 . ben aiteten nad aurnascar nad forngarar, 28 § 31 . mad iarnu urnadmaim no aititen dia finib, 64 § 4 . aititen .i. ad-daimther i nn-aithig tigi ┐ ni bi primben ┐ ni haurnascar, 4 § 2 .

G s. as attrib.: aithne n-aititen, a special kind of deposit , SM Facs. 55b40 ( Laws v 196.3 ). ? eoin aititin (leg. -en) `domes- tic fowls', Laws v 166.6 .i. cerca ┐ geodh, 19 Comm. aenach n-aiditan (sic) `an acknowledged fair-green,' 484.3 .

(b) In general sense: senae iar naititiu, Gael. 50, 129 ( Bláthm. 396 ). co sid ┐ co tairisi do ┐ co n-aididin clemhnusa fris, Aen. 1610 . ferr atitiu acsin, RC xlv 23 § 25 = ferr aicsi aitidin, 86 § 72 . ? a.¤ (aidide v.l.) cech indraic, Tec. Corm. § 15.37 .

(c) act of submitting (do to); recognition, submission: fo dáigh a naitide do M. `because they had submitted to M.,' FM ii 640.x . gan umhla gan aittidin, vi 2034.10 . do rinne gach uile aiditte ┐ umhla dó, ITS xvi 34.25 . cinuid sin do nach dlegar cis . . . acht atitiu nama `but were bound to give recog- nition only', Cog. 54.8 . do-beir a.¤ do submits to: tabhraidh aitídín dam-sa ┐ dober ceandus daibh, BB 22a27 . cia toíseach . . . da ttiubrattais umhla no aidide, FM iii 366.13 . aen ammait . . . da tabratis uile aitite ┐ uaisle (Erictho), CCath. 3954 . ní thabuir cách aididi d'Áed, IGT Decl. ex. 186 .

allanall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. allanall or dil.ie/2938

Forms: alla anall

(alla(e) + anall) Somet. alla anall, which, however, counts only as three sylls. in LL 10885 infra. Adv. on the other side, yonder: do athchor a ndíbergi a.¤ , BDD² 401 . ba uair didiu teagosc a.¤ ┐ luidh co Scathaigh, BB 266a9 . adbert didiu drai a.¤ fris, b10 . mad dá mmamar alla anall / ac Scáthaig . . ., LL 10885 . co torchair allda anall, RC xxv 344.6 . a mbeith i ffolach alla anall `on the inside', TFrag. 232.5 .

? 2 amrath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 2 amrath or dil.ie/3208

n ` dirge, funeral elegy ', Meyer Contribb., but the word occurs only in etymol. glosses. Perh. simply a form of amra eulogy or same as 1 amrath: amrat[h] .i. nemrath . . . aliter bīt[h] amos .i. ōn am didiu is ondī is amos atā. Amrat[h] didiu éc-rat[h] .i. rat[h] īar n-ēgaib, Corm. Y 32 . ni dis- céoil glossed .i. amrat .i. ánum fil and óndí as ámus éc atá. a.¤ dī .i. ecrath ar is e Colum Cille ro rath anduas. aliter ecndairc rath ` i.e. the um which is there comes from `ámus éc' (death)', LU p. 19 n. c ( Arch. i 9 ). amhradh .i. marbh- cáoineadh, O'Cl. amar ┐ a.¤ ab admiratione , O'Mulc. 41 . amrad inso .i. amra in rad-sa, nó amra in rath, RC xx 414.6 .

amsae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amsae or dil.ie/3221

Forms: amhsa

n , f. (amus) amhsa f., IGT Decl. § 3 . hired (military) service: fer bis i namsai, Laws v 244.16 Comm. airet nobeth in n-amsa, Anecd. i 10.11 . meic . . . rigthuisech failet maroén riss ic reicc a n-amsa carrying out their military service, TBC 827 . co ro gabsat amsai aice, IT i 74.6 (Lg.). ár sgís amhsa ┐ iomanna, RC xiv 28 § 7 . ro ordaigh didiu rig Erenn a amsaig (amsa with ig erased v.l.) for feraib Erenn, IT iii 199 § 56 . eochair gníma gaisced, eochair a.¤ (amsach v.l.) ailech, ZCP vi 270 § 4 . do b'fhearr dula ar amhsa uaid, Aithd. D. 26.8 .

Ana

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Ana or dil.ie/3247

pn name of a goddess (see Sjoestedt-Jonval and Dillon, Gods and Heroes of the Celts 24 ): A.¤ .i. mater deorum Hiber- nensium. Robo maith didiu robīathais sī deos; de cuius nomine ana .i. imed, de cuius nomine Dā Chīc[h] nAnund, Corm. Y 31 . is innti (i.e. in Munster) nó adhradh bandía in tṡónusa .i. A.¤ a hainm-sein ┐ is uaithi sidhe isberar Da Chigh Anann ós Luachair Degad, Cóir Anm. 1 . Badb ┐ Macha ┐ Anand dia tát Cichi Anand i lLuachair, LL 1121 (cf. RC i 37 ). íath Anann, name for Ireland: lán binn buadhach brúctaidh fri híath nAnann, Ériu xiii 40.25 . Anann (.i. imbith) .i. Eire, ut est brucht fri iath n-Anann .i. bruchtuigh fri iath n-Erenn .i. bandea .i. sofis fri fileda, O'Dav. 46 . Anann .i. Eireann, O'Cl.

1 anart

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 anart or dil.ie/3370

Forms: a n-a., a., anairt

n o, Ped. ii 47 . Orig. n. n s. a n-a.¤ , Críth Gabl. 312 . Later m. and f. a.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 25 . anairt f., § 13 . linen cloth: [amal a]nart no amal [l]índæ gl. uelut linteum magnum, Thes. i 497.9 (Ardm.). a.¤ .i. hin-irt .i. hirt bás . . . a.¤ didiu in bāis ar a bāine. Is cosmail fri líi bāis ar bāini or nā bī nī do dergge and, Corm. Y 37 . slíc ┐ uisce ┐ a.¤ , Críth Gabl. 309 . ro thinól . . . na línbroit na h-anartai, SR 5972 . Of the drapery of the tabernacle: gníthi on drumslait immach / sithbi n-a.¤ . . . / oena.¤ tairsiu anechtair, SR 4284 - 4285 . a.¤ sróil, 4319 . muinter na sacart . . . / oc immarchur na n-a.¤ , 4886 . Of altar-linen: oc dénum na n-a.¤ altóra, Trip.² 2963 . .l. clocc ┐ .l. cailech n-altóre ┐ .l. a.¤ , 1700 . anarta coisecarthai, Ériu i 219 § 9 . tri hanairt slana . . . / ecortar im chorp n-Adaim gravecloths , SR 2221 . tárfaid dam in a.¤ tucas imme, PH 3735 . a.¤ and co fuil Críst (a relic), Trip.² 2824 . atnaig fót suide isin carput ┐ a.¤ léined imbi, LU 5412 (TBC). fuil for anairt namharcaigh .i. o tairisis fuil ar an anairt taith- nemhaigh, O'D. 555 (H 3.17, 438). gorma.¤ cáel corrtharach, LL 11942 . tri .l. c. n-a.¤ n-imda / co ndath n-adarc mirrda mán, 296a21 ( SG 362.14 ). dos ligh d'anairt is d'uisce, Aithd. D. 57.14 . Cf. a.¤ ainm do mhaoithmhín, Met. Gl. 15 § 34 . a.¤ .i. maoth, O'Mulc. 56 . anairt .i. máoth no mín, O'Cl. Cf. 2 art.

Compd. ¤-gel: ro tuirrnadar a seola . . . anairtghela, CF 73 . See 2 lín compds. and lám compds.

angbaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. angbaid or dil.ie/3623

adj Mid. Ir. writing of andgaid, O'Brien, Ériu xi 157 . Distinct word, Vendr. Lex. (andach). wicked; fierce, ruthless: angbhaidh .i. peacadh, O'Cl. angbhaidh .i. cruaidh an gaisgeadh, ib. lorc didiu a.¤ nó lainn-fordiuclandtaid, Dinds. 9 ( BB 357a46 ) = O'Mulc. 780 . droch-mac Iesse aṅgbaid (Saul of David), SR 6138 . i cin for nidal naṅgbaid, 5483 . Ailill angbaidh (he was guilty of rape), Anecd. i 51 § 8 . a lucht in sceoil scithaṅgbaid (of wicked women), Rawl. 72a26 . Adam is Eua aṅgbaid, LL 17402 . rīgh rogabh in doman thair / dar comainm Irūath anbaig, Ériu iv 174 § 3 , xi 157 . duine angbuid nobid oc slat, Trip. 482.2 = andgaid, Trip.² 2612 . ailgisach angbaidh in fear dana, BB 259b6 . Aithirni aṅgbaid, Met. Dinds. iii 106.53 . on droing a.¤ anniartha, Cog. 50.22 . in cath-milid . . . a.¤ , 194.18 . d'Éireamhón angbaidh, Content. v 32 . Of animals: fúargg ind eich a.¤ amnais, Met. Dinds. iii 456.82 . romarb ind leoman n-aṅgmaidh, LL 397b7 . ar cach naen anmand nangbuidh, uair angbaidh cach míl a comaiches trespassing animals(?), Laws iv 82.2 Comm. ba . . . angbhuidh adhuathmhar an míl, Lism. L. 2216 . Of a place: sīraitreb ifirn a.¤ , Ériu iii 30 § 16 . o Drobaís dianaṅgbaid, LL 1023 . mac on Echtgi aṅgbaid, Anecd. i 49 § 16 . Of actions, fights, etc.: cuibleng a.¤ , SG 333.25 . tumha . . . n-angmoigh nainnsercoch a violent kick, ZCP x 292.24 . ba haṅgbaid a ṅgním ṅgle, LL 22299 . In cheville: lotar .vii. cét armach / uadib aṅgbaid dulad, Arch. Hib. ii 55 § 10 ( LL 182a40 ).

In favourable sense valiant, brave(?): ó Adam ḟírbind aṅgbaid, LL 665 . laich angbaide . . . / gon(a) danaibh go n-dechraibh `valiant', Todd Nenn. 136.1 . a.¤ in raind, MR 210.1 . ? atteoch frit a n-usce / ┐ in n-áer n-angbaidh, ZCP viii 232 § 6 . As adv.: creanadh a gnúis ghlé gan ghairge / ré go hongbhuidh `opportunely' (boldly?), Ó Bruad. i 104 xxvi .

As subst.: in taṅgbaid Lucifur, SR 1512 . a a.¤ anfhéil (to Satan), PH 3930 . cech echtach cach aṅgbaid / i slabraid ros nass, LL 18633 . fan a.¤ n-irgalach, fa Osgur, Fianaig. 60.20 . ō rogab talmain na tor / nī fūair a.¤ in tobor, ZCP vii 498.z .

Cf. angadh, Gadelica 70 .

See also andgaid.

angó

Cite this: eDIL s.v. angó or dil.ie/3641

(gáu) interjection indeed, truly(?): aṅgō is fer co talmain, TBC² 3258 = ni gó am is fer . . ., TBC 5322 . aṅgō didiu is tailc dond dechadar (leg. don-dechadar?) isin telaich, TBC² 3195 = ni gó ám is borrfadach forḟópartatar in tulaig sin, TBC 5255 . aṅgó didiu is deithbir deitsiu, BDD² 725 = aṅgo dano, LU 7121 . iṅgó, BDD² 1122 . anga tra ba rucht ruip, Anecd. ii 48.x . anga tra ni tartustar forra-sidhe, 72.4 . anga .i. inge .i. acht, O'Cl.

Cf. angae.

anmchairde

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anmchairde or dil.ie/3681

n , f. (anmchara) function of a confessor; relation of a penitent to a confessor: eter chrābud ┐ léigend ┐ a.¤ , Ériu i 218 § 3 . techt do Roim L. fri foglaim n-ecnai . . . ┐ forcetail ┐ anmchairdi, Trip.² 242 . nicon arroet . . . duine . . . do anmchairdiu, Mon. Tall. 135.22 (§ 23) . dolluid alaili túati do frecmurc anmchardi dosom, 134.23 (§ 21) . teít si didiu do gabáil anmcharddi, LL 280a6 ( SG 415.3 ). bia-sa fo t'anmcharde, 28 ( ib. 21 ). conid andso anmcharde Dé oldás anmcharde dóine, 282a29 . atbath ceann na hanm- cairde, FM ii 644.14 . Perh. also: conoiscet sreth anmcaide, O'Dav. 470 .

Load More Results