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astud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. astud or dil.ie/4546
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: astad, astád, astúd, astód

u, m. vn. of ad-suidi. Also astad, astád, astúd, astód. IGT Verbs § 64 , § 106 .

(a) act of holding back, detaining, keeping (in a place): cen nach n-a.¤ gl. sine ullo . . . adpensu, Ml. 15a15 . a.¤ gl. qui non digni aliquo aestimantur adpensu, 15c4 . in Satan aridralastar insin dot astad etir tuaid `to detain thee among the laity', Ériu ii 222.6 . dodechoid . . . inna diaid día a.¤ , Trip.² 2682 . Ui Neill ic triall a thabarta do A., Ulaid occa a.¤ occu, 3015 . ata-roí a n-astod (astód v.l., LU 6793 ), BDD² 308 . cen caemachtain astada, Laws v 468.32 Comm. rogabastár éssi astuda a ech, LU 6398 . ic arichill astuda na laédeṅg, LL 236a26 ( TTr. 1425 ). rogabh gá astadh a brat she took to holding him by his cloak, BS 6 . fastod na fola mista 'suppression of the menstrues' Ériu x 148 § 4 . Of holding back an enemy: a mbī ēcmacht / hūë nAirt a.¤ / ar cūl cāich / ni bu tlāith fri catha castud, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 39 § 6 . ? gabul asta echtranda, Laws iv 38.15 . astúd rurech, LU 4755 (TBC). ac trena.¤ fer ṅ-hErend, TBC-LL¹ 3195 . ? cachain in dail n-asdadha do Gaidelaib: gebat foss findgrinde (sung by Lóch who had undertaken to ward off the Fomorians), RC xii 102 § 141 . Of retaining, keeping (in service): do a.¤ inna filed . . . ar robas ica n-innarba (sic leg.), LU 300 (ACC) (corresponding to fastódh na bhfileadh, Keat. iii 1453 ). Note also: cia bet . . . carru . . . / oc breth imerge . . . / is astadh doib in aidchi sin / dia mberther bo cach aicme do rig `they may rest for that night', Laws i 136.6 .

(b) act of fixing, establishing: ni ar far n-a.¤ i n-ógi gl. [porro autem ad utilitatem uestram dico] non ut laqueum uobís ineiciam (iniiciam, 1 Corinth. vii 35 ) to bind you to celibacy, Wb. 10b14 . do asdud pectho . . . foir gl. adversus prespiterum accusationem noli recipere, to convict him of sin, 29a15 . astad caich in[a] sochar ┐ ina dochar `binding of all to their good and bad contracts', Laws i 50.30 . ni conberedh breth . . . gin teora ailche astudha cacha breithe, 24.23 Comm. is i cetna leac astuga cacha sealbha .i. is e in cetna ni amail lic astus dilsi caca feraind, v 498.8 , 500.2 Comm. ? ni fulangar cuccai go tairi no ast— uadh fri laim brithi in laa sin, Anecd. iii 24.1 . rucus oenfer do a.¤ for diis one binds (proves) against two (Thurn.), ZCP xv 327 § 19 ( xvi 221 ). rucside deichenbur ar fhichit dá fastud `to bind him in his rights', Ériu xi 48.2 . dligid āi a.¤ , Anecd. iii 14.z . ferr a.¤ (astúd v.l.) amaires certainty is better than doubt, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 15.27 . co nastudh sualach, Lism. L. 2460 . do astad a císa ┐ a righi ar eigin foruib, RC xii 74 § 50 . a asdadh i n-aen .i. in trefocal, Auraic. 1027 . a asdadh a ndeichthe `its establishment' (of alphabet), 1022 .

Cf. fastód, fostad, aitside, astaithe, astaigthe.

athbach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athbach or dil.ie/4663

o Appar. vn. formation from *ath-bong-. Precise meaning uncertain. `after-reaping', Met. Dinds. Gloss. Native glosses cited below no doubt ad hoc interpretations of particular passages. Freq. in chevilles. rorandais raind fond n-aile n-athraind raind athbaig iar muig medba, Corm. Y 1018 ( Anecd. iv 88 ) `thou hast shared a share at the second redivision', Corm. Tr. p. 131 . na tri muir met anathfaig / timchellait in primcathraig, SR 421 . mor n-a.¤ (: cathrach), 473 . trén a.¤ , 4683 . lín an-athbaig, 5055 . duiri a.¤ , 7347 . it sain maim conmidither / i n-a.¤ i n-ucht `the second time and at the beginning', Ériu xvi 183 § 36 . bennacht dé for Eithne . . . / . . . / lasa n-ibsim iar cuairt cathrach / for cet n-athfach (fo neim nathrach v.l., Bruchst. 20 § 40 ) / oiri ocht cethrair bathlach . . . / . . . sruaim do midh, ZCP xvii 266.4 . brigach n-a.¤ , LL 4932 . suí littri ┐ rí ruirech / dlegait a.¤ maithglan mín / is prímchruachait dóib, LL 3728 . uais a.¤ dogéne iarsain / orgain Cathrach Comḟossaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 242.15 . athbhach .i. ionnsaighidh, O'Cl. rosbalb rosberb cen a.¤ / salchur serb na sennathrach, Metr. Dinds. ii 62.7 `without delay', Corr. a.¤ .i. atharrach, O'Curry 1292 (H 3.18, 537), citing foregoing ex. athbhach .i. aitherrach na huaire sin, O'Cl. ruc díis cen a.¤ n-úaire / fiad ṡlúag cathrach Cróebruaide `without respite', Metr. Dinds. iv 128.75 . atú . . . gan lúth gan athfac, Duan. F. i 17.2 `power', Gloss. athbach .i. neart, O'Cl. Cf. athbath.

bolmar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bolmar or dil.ie/6367

adj o, ā (bol): la diis ṁbolmair (bollmair, mbladmar, v.ll.; : Cornail) ` learned (?),' Fél. Sept. 14.

césaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. césaid or dil.ie/8827
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: césair, chessair, chēsastair, chesatar, chesaiset, cesasait, césad

v Deponent forms in pret. 3 s. ro césair , Fél.² lxxvi 36 . ro chessair , Rawl. 75b33 . ro chēsastair, Corp. Gen. 117.34 . 3 pl. ro chesatar , LL 190 (beside usual: coro chesaiset , 199 . ro cesasait , Blathm. 1021 ). See Watkins, Études Celt. xi 131 ff.

(a) suffers, endures (trans. and intrans.): issnib colnidib . . . ceste saithu, Thes. ii 247.19 (Camb.). int um (= int am) scaras fria thola leo no cessas saithor i ppennit, 7 (ibid.). ce ru (leg. ceni, Celtica xxi 417 ) cesa aini na laubir, 4 (ibid.). cia cheste ar iriss Crist, Wb. 25a10 . is hé rofitir inneuch ro chéssusa, 17d12 . ced torbe dúnni a césme di cach imniud? 13c7 . ni ar oénfer na diis ro cess sed pro omnibus , 4b13 . i ṅGlinn dá loch césta croch, Thes. ii 332.1 ( Hy. v 20 ). ba nú no chésad cech trom di othaig, Lib. Hymn. i 176.471 - 2 (ACC). crist ro ces croich, Blathm. 542 . ar Chríst céssais ríaga, Fél. Feb. 23 . isin ecosc in rochesair (quo passus est), Lat. Lives 97.10 . césfe álag n-encraide, LU 10386 (rhet.). cesfaitit Ulaid rit ré, IT i 70.3 ( LMU 5 ). mad chēss imned `happily has he suffered care', Celtica ii 152 § 7 . ro-chēs tairmthechta īar sin / Ēogan, Sc.M² 21d .

(b) tortures, torments, makes to suffer : do chrochsubair ┐ da chesubair he, YBL 147a4 . in tan do cesad Crist, MacCarthy 304.23 . o fhuil in fíreoin docésabar-si, PH 2946 . sul chéasfaidhear . . . i n-ifreann mé (priusquam . . . crucier), TSh. 6884 . is iontuigthe go gcéastar an toil, 6508 . intinn an tnúthánaicc an tan céastar í lé maith na comharsan, Párl. na mB. 3521 .

Vn. césad.

2 días

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 días or dil.ie/15982
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: días, ndiis, a ṅdís, ndeisibh, pl., dessib, deisi

n Orig. disyll. ā, f. días (do dáoinibh) f., IGT Decl. § 165 .

(a) pair, couple (used of persons only, whereas dede is used of things): ní ar oenfer nā ar diis rocess sed pro omnibus, Wb. 4b13 . in dias do gabail immon n-oenfer, FB § 15 . gana (cia no, ge no v.l.) marbad fer no dís no triur, TBC-LL¹ 951 . dís dano dāmh fochlacáin for tuaith, Corm. Y 587 . berid gad itir cach ndis uaib, TBC-I¹ 876 . baile i mbia dias no triar, PH 6755 . Adam is Eba | cēt dias rocleacht corp anmain, Lec. 74a26 . dlomtar dias [l]a teist, Laws i 66.23 . mad mac cunntabartach itir dis if [the paternity] of a child is doubtful, v 454.16 . moo serc na desse út la Tigerna indú-sa the Lord loves these two better than me, LL 283a47 . bíid triar ar biuth deissi . . . bídh dias ar biud óenḟir three will subsist on the food of two . . . two on the food of one, ZCP viii 312 . tigerne deise (gl. duumvir), Ir. Gl. 398 . toghait a rogha deissi do guibernoracht in tire they elect two, Fl. Earls 92.11 . atá sgríobhtha . . . gur fíor finné deisi the testimony of two, John viii 17 . acsin na deasa diana (at end of list of illustrious pairs of brothers), Lec. 85a12 . Used to form compd. num.: dlom díis ar fichit martir, Fél. Sept. 13 . sechtmoga mac la dis dein, SR 1971 . Exceptionally of animals: dias chorr cruadhluirgnech two cranes (used fig. of human beings), BS 96 . Folld. by gen. or partitive DE: dias oclaech, TBC-I¹ 2845 ; 2814 . fedhm desi laoch, ZCP i 374 . dias carat, CCath. 2446 . dias de muntir Medba, TBC-LL¹ 570 . diss do shagartuibh, Ériu ii 82.20 . With vb. in pl. : fēimdit dias dīb, ZCP viii 310.9 . tangadur d.¤ daltadh, KMMisc. 313.16 .

Comrac (comlond, etc.) desse fight between two, duel: a com-ruc desse cen chath, SR 5807 . comrac dessi for echaib, Alex. 788 . comlunn éinfir ┐ comlund dessi combat between single opponents and combat between pairs, ZCP vi 72 . a ndail disi (a duel), Lec. 354a25 .

Freq. in dat. with poss. pron. in apposition (see Pedersen, ZCP ii 377 ff ., Ó Máille, Vbs. of Existence 90): attaam ar ndiis i cuimriug we twain are in bonds, Wb. 32a28 . o ru biam . . . innar tegdais ar n-óendís, SP ii 5 . condechsam . . . ar ndís a dochum nEuá, SR 1156 . no thogfaind-se etruib far ndís I would choose between you both, IT i 72.18 . fōid far ndís innocht, Liad. and Cuir. 20 . manibet a ndiis do imfolung if they be not both (present), Ml. 14c4 . (redundantly) in dá mac Hele a ndiis | Ofne ┐ Finees, SR 5403 . co taetsad cechtar díb nó co taetsaitis a ndís, TBC-LL¹ 3246 . doloddur som inddís (= a ndís), Mon. Tall. 130.7 . co morogaib dóib a ndís they engaged in combat with each other, Metr. Dinds. iii 82 . With 3 pl. pron. for 1 pl. (petrified phr. ?): tar ar sárugud a ṅdís in spite of us both, PH 3827 . Cf. also: dobéaram-ne an dias so dhó we two will give him, Ériu i 97 . is ced duib indis, Fél. 204.8 (where i is prep. acc. to Hull, ZCP xxiv 124 ). With prep. I N- and poss. : na ro-doerthar 'n-ar ndís lest we both be enslaved, PH 3875 . iat n-a ndís do comlunn re haenduine, RC x 180 . teid Aenis ┐ Dido ina n-aendis ar teiched, Aen. 732 . pl. teighdis ina ndeisibh ┐ ina ttriaraib, AFM vi 1926 . Note also: diishe is one of two, Críth G. 115 . mo dul ar fecht dis no triúr two or three of us, MacCongl. 118 . co tí Mane dom acallaim dís ┐ ragat-sa dís ar a chend with one companion, TBC-I¹ 2117 . In pl.: ind locáin ro gabtha | dessib ┐ trírib by twos and threes, Fél. Prol. 210 ; cf. TBC-I¹ 2857 .

Gen. as adv.: sinn gach deisi ar gach ffán we two by two, Duan. F. i xxiv 6 .

(b) Rarely for déde pair (of things): mani cumaic nech iat a ṅdis do dénaim (of almsgiving and fasting), PH 4968 . is iad an dís: l r, FS Delorez 7.39 (of letters). ? Fél. Prol. 210 (quoted above). d.¤ fidchrann (sic leg.), Laws iv 310.12 . (= Críth G. 178 , but perh. belongs to 1 días, see EIF 501 ).

Compd. dias-suire, Laws ii 28.20 .

dlomaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dlomaid or dil.ie/17058

Forms: dlomas, dlomad, dlomtair, ndlomtha

v IGT Verbs § 67 .

(a) announces, proclaims, declares: aio .i. dlomaim, O'Mulc. 30 . dlom .i. indis nó erfuagair no aisneidh, O'Dav. 663 . .i. foillsiugud .i. rád, 697 . dlomh .i. innis; dlomhaim .i. foillsighim, O'Cl. dlom díis ar fichit martir, Fél. Sept. 13 (cf. O'Dav. 663 above ); cf. Acr. Aug. 7 , Fél. Oct. 12 . dlom dligi forus (.i. apuir), Laws i 268 . nód-dlomaim fiad dálaib I declare it before assemblies, Fél. Prol. 315 . dlomthus cách everyone proclaims it, Fél. Feb. 17 . ised inso dlomas gl. ait, Ml. 30b19 . is ed in lín marb dlomus, Ériu viii 123 . in t-aeil thenn dlomadh gail | roreng canar (caiar, v.l.; leg. roṡreng Caier?) a Cruachnaib the prong (i.e. satire) which used to announce conflict (?), Anecd. ii 66 . co n-éicius-[s]a duit . . . indus rosndlumus dona ceithri móirfeisir as I have made it known, Ériu iv 144 . dlomais in cleireach la heolus . . . ad bí tri maic, Snedg. u. Mac R 12 . dlomtar turbuid exemptions are declared, Laws i 266 .i. ráiter nó aisnéidhther, 298.12 Comm. dlomthair inraic it should be declared to be just, ZCP xiv 386 § 51 ( Laws ii 320 ). co rodlomtar a dearusc (.i. gu n-aisneidither), iv 96 (see Cóic Con. 22 § 18 cited under dlomad).

(b) gives notice (to quit), warns off, turns out, expels, rejects. With DO: dlomais doib ar nā beidis for a fergurt he gave them notice not to stay in his paddock, BB 390a38 . dlomais dóib co nā beidís isin brug, SG ii 484.14 . dlomaid dóib as ind ferunn ┐ ní densat fair, SG 34.13 ( LU 2943 ). nech nád ataim cairi, | dlomaid dó in t-anmcharae | dochum nach loccáin aili the confessor warns him off to another place (leg. dlomad, ipv.?), Ériu iii 104 . is dōib side dlomas in rig nemda il-lō brātha rejects , PH 4306 . dlomis Fíacc dóib iarsin `warned them off' (of angels who bear a gift to F. which he will not accept), Ardm. 18b1 ( Thes. ii 242 ). dlomais D. . . . dia daltaib drove out, Metr. Dinds. iii 90 . dlomais doib da thír diles, LL 152b45 . rodlomai dō as tīr, TTr.² 257 . ní ba maith ríge Meiccon, dlomsad fir Eirenn do ┐ doberaid ríge do C., SG 255 . transferuntur .i. dlomthair do suidib they receive notice to quit, Ml. 59d7 . dlomfaigter dó asind nErind, YBL 172a21 . arbertai co ngabad dú itá Cell Glas: dlomtha dó ass, Trip.² 1902 . rodlomad doib co mbadar ic Ard in Aenfhir, Anecd. i 17 = rodlomtha co mbatar, Ériu iii 136 . With FRI: dlomaid riu co brath in laech, Ériu vii 227 ( LL 209a52 ). lodar . . . co Brug meic in Og; is and bae Aengus for a cind ┐ dlomais friu, RC xvi 151 . rodlomsat aingil fri Eua ┐ Adam a Partus amach, MacCarthy 58 . With direct obj.: fomenainn as mo cholainn | rodlomainn a nrodlomsat would that I could expel . . . what (the ancients) expelled, Ériu ii 63 . iarsin dlomais Dagda dúr as a dún . . . co mbai i nOchain turned him out, Metr. Dinds. ii 20 . rondlomsat fir hErend assa rígu ar ropo anflaith, RC xiii 462 . dlomthar lat drong demnachda | i píanaib úaraib iffirn, SR 8329 . dlomtair they are rejected, ZCP iii 4 . dlomhfaider a hEirinn, SG 71 . Eocho ó rodlomad when E. was expelled, ZCP xii 436 .

(c) refuses, declines: (with accus.) Iob trēn [nā] dlomad cath who never refused battle, SR 7035 . ro dlomus . . . mor do noemuib . . . im an cloccsa, Fen. 232.8 . ní rodlom dorair do saint did not refuse to war on avarice, ZCP iii 452 . dlom mac Airt iath meic moch; guid fōd fair i Ros na Ríg (i.e. refuses burial in Brug na Bóinne and asks to be buried at Ros na R.), SG 256 ( BB 260b41 ). gilla . . . nachar dhlomh ól ná imeirt `that ne'er shirked either drink or play', O'Gr. Cat. 439 = nachar lom, TD 44.6 .

? Part. ilar ndlúm ndlomtha tuarcat, SR 903 .

dóchus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dóchus or dil.ie/17416

Forms: dóchas, dochus

n u , later o, m. (dóig?). dóchas m., IGT Decl. § 38 .

(a) hope, reliance, expectancy: ar ngabail dóchusa as a nert taking hope from his strength, RC xix 18 § 4 . conid ecnaidiu a mbith i nd.¤ ┐ i tomtin andás i ndemnigud it is wiser that they should be hoped for (`to regard them as probable', Plummer MS. notes), xxx 244.4 . in dóthchus go bhfuighidis eadail adhbhal ann, ZCP iv 402.19 . leig mé mo dhóchas i nDé, KMMisc. 188.18 . Aodh Ó D. dóthchus cáigh the hope of all, Studies 1919, 349 § 7 . mar chách ag nach bí dóchas a chéile d'fhaicsin i ndiaidh na heiséirghe, TSh. 5870 . ní rachuidh dóthchus na mbocht amugha go bráth, Psalms ix 18 . Día an dóthchais, Romans xv 13 . a muinighin go bhfuigheadh sé tairbhe a dhóthchais, 1 Corinth. ix 10 . atá . . . dóthchas daingin agum . . . gan tfeurg-so do thuilleadh, Donlevy 282.12 . na trí subháilche diadha, creideamh, dóthchas, grádh, Ó Héodhusa 8 . spei locus non deerit . . . nara lughaidi bis d.¤ agad asin othur, 23 P 10, 14a26 . aga cur a n[d]ochas gu brach keeping him always hopeful, 153 vb 8 . cuiridh neach ó dh.¤ slainte do bheith as (hominem a spe deponit), 23 K 42, 236.14 . urina rubea . . . is d.¤ airighthi e it gives grounds for hope, 23 P 10, 19a8 . Equated with doich, muinigin, Eg. Gl. 232 . With follg. gen.: cinnus ata an banogsin no'n fuil d.¤ beathadh di, Lib. Flav. ii 6a58 . tré dh.¤ na geallamhna dorinne Día dar naithribh, Acts xxvi 6 .

(b) supposition, belief: mona derna i nd.¤ co ra-cead leiss e in the belief that he had permission, PH 7542 . in tíí d'a legar fiadnaise a nd.¤ a indracuis ┐ doní brég do'n fhír from belief in his integrity, 7620 . pōsaid fer ben i nd.¤ gan in gael ann believing there are no ties of blood, 7789 . dom dhóthchus níl glór suilt i bfearann Tuathail in my opinion, O'Gr. Cat. 582.30 . aithgin an cinaig sin . . . .i. ardmes dóchusa (sic leg.) na comaichid air the arbitration of the neighbours decides upon it, Laws iv 94.26 Comm.

(c) likelihood, probability: mād etir díis nō lín bus lia beth in d.¤ the probability (i.e. the suspicion of committing the injury), Cáin Ad. § 46 . ar d.¤ daine do tecmaisin cuca indtu sin on account of the probability of people happening upon them, Laws v 340.5 Comm. dochus ` suspicion ', O'Don. Suppl.

fiche

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fiche or dil.ie/21983

Forms: fichet, fichit, fichtea, fichte, fichit, ḟichet, ḟichet, fichit, fichtib

nnt, m. g s. fichet, Ml. 2d2 . n p. fichit, Ardm. 18a2 ( Thes. ii 242.2 ). a p. fichtea, Ardm. 17a2 ( Thes. ii 238.17 ). fichte, Hy ii 40 . In Old and Middle Irish regularly followed by subst. in gp. In MSS freq. written .xx. A score, twenty: f.¤ .i. a uiginti , O'Mulc. 531 . fiche ar chet a hundred and twenty BCr. 41b2 . cach f.¤ inna lurg fo leith each score IT i 137.1 . f.¤ míled, Fél. Mar. 18 . cethir chét ... | f.¤ teoir [la teor, la teora v.l.] míli four hundred three thousand and twenty Sept. 1 . f.¤ acht sé bliadna ... ba rí E. E. was king for fourteen years LL 129a1 . f.¤ ┐ a .vii. twenty-seven 128b22 . f.¤ bliadna for a .vii. twenty-seven years 129b39 . 131a33 . fichi a cóic o ṡain ... | cosin mortlaith twenty-five [years] from that till the plague 131a48 . fichi acht a cethair sixteen 129a27 . dochoid N. éc ... | fichi cét i crich L. with twenty hundreds 127a15 . fichi bliadan ┐ chét (= 120) SR 5269 . mile, da chéd, fiche a hocht = AFM 1228 ad ann. (RIA 23P6). míle, cúicc céd, fiche [sic] = 1520 ib., ad ann. (23P7). (With ns. of subst. :) fiche bliadhain (: giallaibh), TD 32.29 . fiche fail twenty bracelets Keat. iii 2639 . a d s. ro fích Fergus fichit catha LL 23a10 . da deich ... | tiagait hisin certfichit, SR 746 . atusa sund fichit mbliadan , I have been here twenty years BDD 3 . a n-oen ar fichet [sic MS.] it tri secht són twenty-one Ml. 2d2 (cf. bliadain ar ḟichet twenty-one years LL 130b39 . 131a46 ). dlom díis ar fichit twenty-two Fél. Sept. 13 . dā staid ar fichit `twenty-two stadia' Ériu xi 104 § 3 . g s. fri ré ḟichet findbliadan, LL 129bz . dā lebur fichet twenty-two books Ml. 2d2 . in choiced fichet the twenty-fifth (ref. to uicessima quinta luna) BCr. 33b5 . cóic méich fichet twenty-five sacks LU 8126 ( FB 9 ). coic meic de[e]c ... la I. | a secht fichet la S., SR 2667 . a sé fichet do Lugaid twenty-six [years] LL 129a41 . a cethair fichet ... ┐ cóic mīle bliadan five thousand and twenty-four 130b34 . ōthā talmain co ēsca | sē mīle fichet ar chét, SR 107 . Sennar ... sechtmad mac fichet Seim twenty-seventh son 2755 . cōic paisse fichet ar chēt one hundred and twenty-five paces Ériu xi 104.4 . Calann Enair for Dardain ┐ .x. mad fichet furri, Ann. Conn. 1237 . tres fichet furri, 1250 . du. dorumalt Moisi ... dá ḟichet bliadna i nEgept, SR 4956 . dā ḟichet bliadan , LL 127b30 . pl. tri fichit sixty SR 5326 (: tricc). 5314 (: glic). se fichit bliadan ... saegul Moisi, 4965 . atát cóic fichit bargen ... and a hundred loaves LU 8125 ( FB 9 ). ocht fichid ban, TBC-I¹ 1371 . cu tubartadar ocht fichti cend dib 3070 . deich mnaa ┐ secht fichit (= 150) TBC-LL¹ 1358 . sē fichit ríg, LL 129b43 . tri fichit bliadan ... d'Oengus T. i Temraig, 129a5 . noí fichit cét ar [leg. a n-] ārim ḟichet cét LL 219b6 (= TTr. 174 ). das fuc ... na hocht fichtiu oss, TBC-LL¹ 546 . a ḟichdi bó scores of his cows IGT, Decl. ex. 1027 . mani bet fichtib nó tríchtaib in scores or thirties LU 5535 . domeltis oigidechta fichtib ┐ trichtaibh in twenties and thirties RC xxv 20.10 . ( LL 270b2 ), corresp. to : co fichtib laech no thictis, RC xxv 34.9 ( Rawl. 133b37 ). ro scáil a folt ... ima cenn ina hocht fichtib dual scattered her hair in eight score plaits Acall. 5992n . (ocht fichit, Laud). baiade and ... tri fichtea bliadne she dwelt there three score years Thes. ii 238.17 . Common in d p. in chevilles; fichtib ell, SR 1129 . f.¤ drong LU 3668 ( SCC 33 ). fichdib toebtholl, IT ii 183.235 .

fo-ácaib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-ácaib or dil.ie/22337

Forms: fácaibh, —facaib, foácbat, fuácbat, —facabtais, —farcab, —fácba, —farcba, —fargbaid, facbat, facbad, faicfedh, —fargbad, fáiceb, —fuicéb, fo-t-uigebsa, —fuiceba, —foigebat, —faicebat, —fóicebaind, —faicbed, faicfedh, fotrácbus, fosrácbus, forácbais, fáccab, facab, facib, —facab, fácaib, foracab, foragab, forácaib, —farcaib, foragabsat, facabar, —facabtha, —farcabtis, faicebthair, fáicebthair, —faicebthar, faicebtair, foracbadh, fotracbad, —farcbad, —ffarccabhtha, fagbaid, fácbait, fácb—, fácbaim, fágbhaim, fácbai, fácbait, facbait, facbaid, fácbais, fúic, fófácaib, fofacaib, fofacbad, fosfácbus, forfacbus, forfaccaib, forfhagoip, forfacbad, forḟacaibthi, farcbur, —farcbainn, fargbhais, fágbais, rofarcuibh, bfargaibsiot, fácb—, fác—, fág—, fác, fagainn, ḟactais, —fáicfe, faicfimmít, ḟác, fhacsat, facthair, fágthar, faicfiter, fuicfider, fác—, fo-ác-, forfacsam, fos-racsamar, foracsabair, foracsat, forracsat, barḟacsat, baracsat, farcb-, fargsat, farcsat, fágbhuim, fágbhae, fágbhaidh, —fáguib, —fágbann, fágmuid, fágbhar, ḟágbhuinn, faeigfed, fóigfed, fūigfed, —fúigeab, —fóigeab, —faeigebh, fáoigfidh, fúigfidh, —ḟaeigfi, fáicfidi, faoigebtha, fúigfid, fúigfidhear, —ḟaeigfinn, —ḟúigfinn, —ḟóigfinn, —fāgbhas, fágbhais, —fáguibh, —fágbais

v (fo-ad-gaib). Early forms: Imperat. 2 s. fácaibh, CCath. 1666 . Ind. pres. 3 s. —facaib, Ml. 102a20 . 114b16 . 3 pl. foácbat, BCr. 18b11 . fuácbat, Ml. 80a10 . imperf. 3 pl. —facabtais, LU 10560 . subj. pres. 1 s. (perf.) —farcab, LU 5674 . 2 sg. —fácba, 6068 . 3 s. (perf.) —farcba, Ériu iii 104 § 33 . 2 pl. (perf.) —fargbaid, LU 8387 . 3 pl. narom facbat , Gild. Lor. 16 . past subj. 3 s. no facbad , CCath. 392 v.l. (nó faicfedh , text). ( perf.) —fargbad, SR 2835 (: tarddad). fut. 1 s. fáiceb, LL 252a37 . —fuicéb, LU 5152 . fo-t-uigebsa, Trip. 176.3 (2047) . 3 s. —fuiceba, ZCP viii 310.19 . 3 pl. —foigebat, Ml. 69a8 (for the -g- here cf. Ml. 95a12 ). —faicebat, LL 112a36 . sec. fut. 1 s. —fóicebaind, Trip. 244.5 ( = —foicébaind, 2879 ). 3 s. —faicbed, SR 4132 (cf. nó faicfedh , CCath. 392 ). pret. and perf. 1 s. fotrácbus, Wb. 31b1 . fosrácbus, LL 251b10 . 2 sg. forácbais, Trip. 176.2 ( = farácbais, 2046 ). 3 s. fáccab, Thes. ii 242.19 ( Ardm. 18b1 ). facab; facib, Thes. ii 240.14 ; 15 ( Ardm. 18a1 ). —facab, LU 10988 . fácaib, SR 6168 (possibly pres.). foracab, Ml. 37d10 . foragab, 30a9 . forácaib, Trip. 176.6 (2049) . —farcaib (—farggaib v.l.) Hy ii 10 . 3 pl. foragabsat, Ml. 95a12 . Pass. pres. s. facabar LU 4925. Laws ii 366.11 ( SM Facs. 41b1 ). subj. past s. —facabtha, TBC-I¹ 3595 . pl. (perf.) —farcabtis, Wb. 31d13 . fut. s. faicebthair, LL 303a17 ( Bor. 81 ). fáicebthair, LL 289b8 ( RC xiii 444x ). —faicebthar, TBC-I¹ 3594 . pl. faicebtair LL 302a8 ( Bor. 69 ). perf. s. foracbadh, Mon. Tall. § 71 . fotracbad, LL 147a5 . —farcbad, 286by 0 . TBC-I¹ 3594 . Cf. ruacbath, RC xxv 22.3 ; 227.1 . pl. —ffarccabhtha, AFM ii 846.10 . ro fagbaid , BB 445a51 ( = ro fácbait , Mer. Uil. 24 ). vn. fácbáil, —áil, q.v.

Mid. Ir. and later forms.

(1) Already early in Mid. Ir. the prototonic stem fácb— often takes the place of the deuterotonic forms ( pres. 1 s. fácbaim, LU 9217 . fágbhaim TSh. 5002 . 2 sg. fácbai, TBC-LL¹ 3473 . 3 pl. fácbait, LU 1547 . 8763 . facbait, SR 7655 ) and is treated as that of a simple vb., pres. 3 s. facbaid, SR 3687 . 3 s. pret. fácbais (see IGT below). Cf. fúic me meisi d'Feraibh Ceall, BNnÉ 174 .

(2) In deuterot. forms the f is often repeated. 3 s. pres. fófácaib, LU 5406 . fofacaib, SR 1201 . 3 pl. fofacbad, BDD 13 . Pret. and perf. 1 s. fosfácbus, Metr. Dinds. i 42.66 . forfacbus, ZCP vii 310 § 9 . 3 s. forfaccaib, Mon. Tall. § 47 . forfhagoip, Fl. Earls 1.2 (archaic). Pass. s. forfacbad, ACL iii 225.17 (Hy M). pl. forḟacaibthi, SR 1358 .

(3) Subj. and pret. prototonic forms with infixed -ro- are common: pres. subj. 1 s. da farcbur , LU 9932 . Past 1 s. (perf.) —farcbainn, Fianaig. 12 § 21 . 2 sg. cf. fargbhais .i. fágbais , O'Cl. 3 s. cu rofarcuibh , Marco P. 34 . pl. a bfargaibsiot , Leb. Gab.(i) i 14.19 .

(4) The stem fácb— is often replaced by fác— (fág—), both being freq. used side by side: 2 s. imp. fác, PH 1987 . past subj. 1 s. co fagainn , ZCP vi 55.20 . 3 pl. co ḟactais , LB 3b26 . fut. 3 s. —fáicfe, Cáin Ad. 19 . 1 pl. faicfimmít, TBC-LL¹ 4159 . 3 s. perf. ra ḟác , LL 227b42 . 232b20 ( TTr. 787 ; 1141 ). pl. ro fhacsat , Lism. L. 721 . pass. pres. s. facthair, LL 305a11 ( Bor. 123 ). fágthar, TSh. 4637 . fut. pl. faicfiter, LL 301b ( Bor. 67 ). fuicfider, Bor. 69 Lec. From fác— is formed the analogical deuterot. stem fo-ác-: perf. 1 pl. forfacsam, SR 1485 . fos-racsamar, LL 11b46 . 2 pl. foracsabair, LU 2397 . 3 pl. foracsat, AU 1056 . LL 134a13 . forracsat, LL 184b51 . barḟacsat ... baracsat , 261b34 , 37 . Similarly on the analogy of farcb- occur forms like: co fargsat , SR 6459 . co farcsat , TTr.² 1568 . IGT III § 85 gives: Ind. pres. 1 s. fágbhuim (abs. and conj.). 2 sg. fágbhae (abs. and conj.). 3 s. fágbhaidh, —fáguib, —fágbann. 1 pl. fágmuid (`cóir do chanamhain'). Subj. 1 s. fágbhar (abs. and conj.). imperf. ind. and subj. 1 s. do ḟágbhuinn . fut. 1 s. faeigfed, fóigfed, fūigfed. —fúigeab, —fóigeab, —faeigebh (3 s. fáoigfidh, fúigfidh, Decl. ex. 49 ; —ḟaeigfi III ex. 890 ). Cf. 2 pl. fáicfidi, LU 4584 (H ; = faicebthai. TBC-LL¹ 291 , faoigebtha St). 3 pl. fúigfid, TSh. 953 . pass. fúigfidhear (rel.), TSh. 5509 ]. sec. fut. 1 s. —ḟaeigfinn, —ḟúigfinn, —ḟóigfinn. pret.perf. 1 s. —fāgbhas. 2 sg. fágbhais. 3 s. —fáguibh, —fágbais.

I In general sense leaves (trans.) (a thing, place or person):

(a) gl. linquere Gild. Lor. 16 ; relinquere Wb. 31b1 . a rrig foragabsat dia náes their king whom they had left behind them Ml. 95a12 . fosrácbus im thaig dim éis, TBFr. § 23 . trēide as dile lem forfacbus, ZCP vii 310 § 9 . lucht na luinge foracabsat hi tír A., ZCP viii 313.24 . conafarcbad ar chind Neill so that he was left to await N., Rawl. 81a15 ( = co fargabad, BB 134b40 ). dorat rigan na Saba do S. ... .xx. ar .c. tallann d'ór ... mō ruc cid mor forḟacaib, Rawl. 79a45 . forácaib Úsaili i Cill Ú., Trip. 186.21 (2193) . is ann forothaig Cill M., ┐ farácaib díis dia muintir and, 94.11 (1049 : faráccaib). da fáccadh duine a ḟual a ngar do thigh, Maund. 217 . fofacbad na heoin a n-enchendcha ` quit (i.e. leave off, discard) their birdskins' BDD 13 . Departs from, forsakes , of places: fác an inad atai, PH 1987 . faccaibh an mendat attaoi, BNnÉ 302.1 . fag an cathair-si coluath, ZCP vi 55.1 . fácaib Eocho F. ... | a thír ar tír L. abandoned his country for that of L. xi 109 § 18 . forácsadar in n-innsi, TTr.² 824 . ná farcba a liss that he may not leave his enclosure Ériu iii 104 § 33 . dia mbad fómsa trá cách, ol in druí, no faicfithea in dunadsa innocht, LL 254a18 ( TFerbe 111 ). Of persons: i céin mairer nim-fargba, CF p. 89.21 ( GJ iv 56 ). in duine dia bhfoghnaim-si ... ni fharcabhsa he I may not leave him Lism. L. 184 . ni fuigeabh-sa ... aenduine dá tainic lim, BCC § 120 (p. 116) . Leaves remaining: conna facabtais cid mecnu na fér ... hi talam, LU 10560 ( CCC 1 ). bādur sé semmanda a sleig cech fir ... ┐ no gédais tri semanda as cech sleig ┐ fuicbidis tri semannda in cech sleig, Fianaig. 6y . conidh anbecht ma do ḟacsat mil na duíne, RC xviii 11 (Tig.) = conidh as inueachtain foragsat míol n-indile, AFM 1089 . in t-aentrian fuicfithear and do tṡluagh G. the third that shall be left Ériu iv 180 § 42 . is mar sin fheanntar an t-anam, go nach fágthar subháilce ar bioth ... aige, TSh. 9443 . Leaves behind i.e. outstrips (in a race): ata ben agum ... no fágbed [leg. -ad] na heocho, ZCP xii 252.24 . doling M. frisna heochu gur rusfágaib ib. 31 . nir taisdil in domhan ... cú nó fíadh nach fuicfedhsan, Duan. F. i 56 § 12 .

(b) relinquishes, renounces: ni ḟil ... cathair nar ḟacaib in t-ídaladrad, PH 2424 . úair foracsabairsi foromsa ... cach maith since ye have renounced for My sake every good LU 2397 . an tí aidmheóchas ┐ fhúigfeas iad who shall acknowledge and renounce them (viz. his sins) TSh. 9054 .

(c) With adj. or equivalent as complement of pred. leaves (in a certain state): o forḟacaibthi gle-nuicht when they were left stark-naked SR 1358 . manibed Moisi ... óenfer díb ... na faicbed beo for talmain, 4132 . cía romácbad Beothach béo though B. should leave me alive LU 1262 . ( Imr. Brain ii 288 ). fófácaib in trúaill fás leaves the scabbard empty LU 5406 . fáiceb in less n-óibela, LL 252a37 ( TBFr. § 28 ). benfaid frim adaircín nosfaiceba fás, LB 33b7 ( = Lism. L. 1054 ). forḟacaib B. he ic funi Mairt, LB 33b8 = forfacbhudh he ag bruith mairt Lism. L. 1055 . nacham facbaid-si m'oenur!, Ériu iii 137.1 . fómraccbhadsa sunn m'áenor, BNnÉ 93.6 . foceird-sim ... urcur di sleigh fuirri ... corus farcaib cen anmain, RC v 200z . cona farcobsat formáol fornocht so that they left it [the `dún'] bare and naked Dinds. 27 . ni theigdis uad ... co fācbaidis lān, Ériu ii 20 § 1 . fúigfid bandála Gall gruaidhḟliuch, TD 16.52 . as saidhbhir do fháoicfithea me, damad eol damh ..., Parrth. Anma 332.19 . arna farcabtais cen forcitlaid lest they should be left without a teacher Wb. 31d13 . nacham ḟácbasa cen brát[h]air, LU 6068 . fotracbad ar fán thou wast left desolate LL 147a5 ( PRIA iii 546 ). cach tailach ... namúrtis co fáctais ina foenglenntaib, LL 263b48 ( MU² 270 ). co fargbaid mo thechsa amal fondrancaibar for bar cind till you leave my house as you found it LU 8387 ( FB 26 ). ni aithergem na duile acht nos-lecam amal fosracaib Dia, Alex. 885 . f.¤ fri láim sets aside, excepts, stipulates: facbaim Concobar fri láim I leave C. aside LU 9217 ( FB 94 ). farācbaisemne fri lāim deitsiu ... nād ṅ-īurmais orguin co feasmais ..., BDD 73 Y. Cf. dochta do neoch dáles dāil | fācbas dáil n-éco fri lāimh, Fianaig. 10 § 3 . Cf. foscichret i crandchor ... fáicebthair Lugaid fris anechtair `L. will be left out of the chance' RC xiii 444x .

Folld. by CEN and vn.: foragab Duaid inna anman adiecta cen tabairt anman trén fríu D. left the adjectives without adding substantives to them Ml. 30a9 . dia ḟaicet ... gním maith i nduine, fácbait sin cen luad, PH 7678 . gunar ḟacsat uaim ... gan tachailt, Cog. 24.18 . is iomdha éacht ... ḟuigfeam ... gan chur síos which we shall leave untold Keat. ii 3237 . Cf. (k).

(d) folld. by LA, OC of pers. leaves with, in the hands of, in possession of; at the mercy of: tíagait úad ... ┐ fácbait bennachtain leiss, LU 1547 ( MU² 1057 ). facabar a cuit urgnuma in mifoltaig las in sofoltach, Laws ii 366.11 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 32 ). ni scarfom ... co rrucsa do chen[n]su nó co farcabsa mo chend latsu, LU 5674 . techit ... ┐ fácbait a mbíad oc na bíastaib, LU 8763 ( FB 57 ). is e gell ... forácbad icon eclais i fus the pledge that has been left LB 251b3 . co fargaibhset a mbraighti aicce `left their pledges with him' AU 1157 . fágbad frithalam núa acan impiri ┐ imthigid (they) render the emperor fresh service (of a relay of attendants) Maund. 203 . fagbuis aigi budhein an Camcornn kept for himself Ériu ii 187.3 ( co fagbais, ZCP viii 103.11 ). fagbuit gne chustaim ag doirseoiribh in droichit pay toll to Fl. Earls 86.5 . fūicfidir sinne uile ar fódaib ... no fāicfemait [fúigfiom v.l.] oirechas agat-sa, ML² 1572 (cf. ML 118.26 ). Cf. da sirinn a meic no a mna ... dofuicfedis tes `gom thoigh they would have delivered them up ZCP viii 219 § 9 . cf. (f), (g). leaves (as a duty) to: fofacaib lim ... frithalim na n-anmanna leaves to me (the task of) attendance on the animals SR 1201 . With FO: fágbhaim fá bhreathnughadh gach aonduine I leave it to all to judge TSh. 5002 .

(e) leaves behind (on a battle-field, etc.), loses (of persons and things): maiti for Ultu. Facabar Conchobar C. is left (wounded) LU 4926 . fáicfidi leis mili cend 4584 . in farcbad mo macsa? ... Forrácbad has my son been slain ? He has 1529 ( MU² 1031 ). fácabar .xx. láech lais díb twenty of their warriors fell by him 1583 . mebaid ... forsint slúag mór ria nDauid | co fargsat ... huili cruid a ṅgabála, SR 6459 . maidid for Aibisolón. facabair in milid ZCP xiii 177.13 . tuitfimit-ni uili it lurg, amal ro fácbait do muinter uili connici so, Mer. Uil. 24 . ro memhaidh for Aedh ... co farcaib ili, AU 859 . co fargsat a muntir ┐ a longa, RC xvii 404 (Tig.; AFM 1065 have: fáccbhaitt a nethra lais imon luing ...). co farggabsat ... a llonga leu, AU 851 . sluaighed la D. ┐ la feraib M. ... cor lādh ór fer M. ... co facsad a lón ┐ a n-eich ┐ a n-airm, RC xviii 37 . romebaid forsna T. ... co farcsat ár mór do degdóinib, TTr.² 1568 . foraccaibhset a n-ār lá mac meic L. eittir marbhadh ┐ bathadh, AFM ii 964w . go bhfúigfe do cheann ┐ do chosgar ag cathaibh Chuinn, ML 122.1 . Cf. ni ḟil cidh oenfer ... natt farcbainn i tinorguin whom I could not leave i.e. vanquish Fianaig. 12 § 21 . trian érca cach éinḟir da muintir da faicfigther `the third part of the eric for every man ... that is killed' Hy Maine 64 . Cf. Maol Seachlainn ... do dhol i ttíribh Mumhan ... ro indir Mumha co muir ... iar madhmaim for a rioghaibh ... co ffarccbadh ann lais Maol Crón ... tanaisi na nDéisi, co sochaidhe ele, AFM 856 . AU has co fargbadh ann lethri na nDeise, Maol Cron ...

(f) leaves behind (at death): nicon foigebat ciniud ... dia næs, Ml. 69a8 . facbaid [Ioseph] dá mac, SR 3687 . tabairt mnā dó fo déig co farcbad comarba, LU 10166 . act a mbere-so ni fuiceba-som di chlaind [sic leg.] save what thou bearest he will leave no offspring ZCP viii 310.19 . ni hairdircc a chlann maro ḟacaib if he left any Rawl. 147a22 . ar na hoighreadhaibh fhágbhaid dá n-éis, TSh. 4577 . Hence bequeathes: fáccab Aed aidacht la Conchad, Ardm. 18b1 ( Thes. ii 242.19 ). seoit aini ro facaib a n-athair acu, Laws i 216.8 Comm. ní ḟágaibh athair ag mac | Inis Ḟódla, TD 17.3 . dá bhfágbhadh duine ré hudhacht ni nach leis fein, TSh. 5133 . dá bhfágbhadh ... neach a oighreacht ré hudhacht ag neach oile, 5140 .

(g) leaves (instructions, a charge, command, etc.), often with obj. clause: teorae briathra forfaccaib Diarmaid app Iae la C. ... fit foss figell, Mon. Tall. § 47 . faracaib Dia linn co ndigesta God left with us (the knowledge) that thou wouldst go Trip.² 275 . secht cluchi ... issed forḟácaib Patraic, Metr. Dinds. iii 16 . faccbaim cen a tidhnacul go brāth do Cloinn C. I leave an ordinance that they are never to be given to the clan of C. Anecd. ii 30z . fāgaim in ces naīdhen for Ultaib co brāth, ZCP xii 252y . a los na mallachta do ḟágaibh Noe ag Cam, Keat. i p. 178 . forácaibh [Pátraic] ordnidi lóech ┐ cleirech uad cu bráth promised that illustrious laymen and clerics should descend from him Trip. 210.13 (2464) . forácaib nobeitis ríg ... día cenél co bráth, 164.9 (1910 : furácaib). ro fagaib Colman troscud umpi seo C. left an ordinance that they should fast for it BColm. 88.13 . is i gCluain Mic Nóis do ḟágaibh Diarmaid é féin d'adhnacal, Keat. iii 2164 . ro fagaib fo péin a n-anma orra gan techt tairis sin, ZCP vi 80.28 . do fácbadh Menistir na mBrathar ... do beth os cind na mBrathar co huilidhi it was decided that the Minister of the Friars ... should be over all the Friars AU iii 526 . do fagcaib doib ... cruth a mban for a maccaib, BColm. 90.18 . fágbhais P. ... eineach is eangnamh Éirionn ... d'ḟágbhálaibh air, TD 7.17 (see fácbáil). Of a salutation, farewell: ro faccbustair iomchomarc bethadh ag R., BNnÉ 328 § 58 .

? is ed rofacbad do mnai, | is cet cía thái, cet cía théis this is the last word on woman (?) ZCP iii 37.18 . Cf. (j).

(h) fo-ácaib bréithir leaves a word i.e. a blessing, malediction, etc.: forácaib Patraic [br]eithir foraib, Trip. 208.24 (2451) . fácbaid bréithir ... for cléithib na Cráeb-rúaide, a mbeith fo chess `she leaves a word upon ..., that they should be in distress' Metr. Dinds. iv 130.1 . forfacaib-seom na m[i]briathra-sa doib .i. comdais brēcairi filid Connacht, ZCP xiii 25.24 . a los na mbriathar ro fagaibh Mocuda forra, BNnÉ 307.1 .

(i) of placing, inflicting: géabhthar air go bhfágthar iomad créacht air he will be beaten till many sores are left on him TSh. 3483 .

(j) leaves (on record), hands down (a statement, etc.): ro ḟagaibh fria blaisect mbāis gur fhír son, Marco P. 1 . do ḟágaibhsiod eólaigh gurab mó do thuit, etc. ML 142.28 . d'fagadar [na harsanta] againne gorab comfada, etc. Ir. Astr. Tr. 134.23 . faguibh aguinn a bunad make known to us Fen. 258.6 . Cf. (g), last cit.

(k) f.¤ immuig leaves out, omits: foracabsom lethchosmailius [—iusin MS] immuig `he has left out half of the comparison' Ml. 37d10 . Cf. (c).

II Rarely intrans.

(a) is left, remains (prob. in early Mid. Ir. an impers. use of the trans. vb.): connach farcaib i mBrudin i farrad Conaire acht Conall ┐ Sencha ... so that only C. and S. ... were left BDD 152 ( LU 7920 ). is cuit péne cach ra ḟác di ṡluag na Eurpa uli na rachomraic immon oenchomarli seo hardly were there any who were left of the host of Europe that did not join in this council (?) LL 232b20 ( TTr. 1141 ). ? fásughadh Muighe B. la Saxoibh ... ┐ rugsat braigdi iomdha leo as gach ionadh hi farcaibhset `from every place which they left' (? in which they had stayed) AFM 683 .

(b) departs, gets away: facbuid-si asin tír-si, RC xiv 56 § 69 . ro facsat tra na Troianu as gach gliaid ┐ as gach gabad, Aen. 195 .

fulach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fulach or dil.ie/24929

Forms: folog, fulach, folag, folach, folog, folug, folac, foluc, folaidh, folaig, fuilgib

n (folach ; cf. fulang) o, n. (vn. of fo-loing ; perh. originally the same word as 1 folach, q.v.) Also treated as s-stem : n s. folog, Wb. 17b23 (a prima manu). fulach, Ml. 22d9 . a d s. folag, BCrólige 11 (other spellings in this text are folach, folog, folug, folac, foluc). folaidh, Laws iii 356.11 , 14 ; for foluch, iv 302.11 ; ar folad, Laws iv 362.3 . n p. folaig, Laws v 312.1 . ? d p. fuilgib, SR 4891 . Later generally replaced by fulang, q.v.

(a) bearing, supporting, enduring, in physical and moral sense : f.¤ inna fothodo (leg. fochodo) Ml. 22d9 . f.¤ a fercae 32d4 . ar formtheacht ┐ folad (use of the leg), H 3.18, 17a ( Laws iv 362.3 ). trom an t-oire ré fholach, Dán Dé vii 30 .

(b) concrete, a support, prop: uindius ? folach ┐ [om.?] rigliasda ash ? Support of a royal thigh (of the virtues of certain trees), Laws iv 150.3 . fāl ḟossud f.¤ fírnoeb, SR 986 .

(c) in Laws support, maintenance: folach cetmuintire Laws i 230.24 . Esp. of sick-maintenance (with or without gen. othrusa) : annsom i n-ot[h]rus folach fir frisnā fuachur, BCrólige 15 . cethrar a lāndām for feacht feli ┐ for folach n-othrusa, BB 338b10 ( Laws v 30 Comm. ). a diis for foluch , Críth G. 118 . ataid secht folaig ata andsom folongar i tuaith : folach rig, folach briugaig, folach goband, etc. (cases of sick-maintenance especially heavy, because the functions of the sick persons must be supplied during their disablement) Laws v 312.2 . triar ... folongaiter folug mboairec[h] `who are maintained according to the [standard of maintenance] of a boaire' BCrólige 51 .

gabál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gabál or dil.ie/25035
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: gabaal, gabál, gabail, gabáil, gabáil, gabalae, gabala

n ā, f. n s. gabaal, Wb. 7a7 . gabál, SR 6290 . gabail, Ml. 60a12 . 95d13 . gabáil, LU 5126 . d s. and a s. gabáil, q.v. infra. g s. gabalae, Ml. 83a3 . n p. gabala, Wb. 19a4 .

As vn. of gaibid (q.v.) in all its meanings.

(a) taking (over, into possession), assuming ; passing occas. into the sense receiving : hi tosuch gabalae toisigechtae du Moysi, Ml. 83a3 . iar ngabhail righe do Feidhlim, Cog. 4.27 . a ngabāil tar a n-ainme taking them [as wives] in spite of their defects, ZCP viii 113.10 . gabail bachla going on a pilgrimage (lit. taking a staff), Laws v 296.16 . do gabail aéir taking the air, Maund. § 190.8 . lā do ghabháil to fix a day, Ériu viii 137.11 . aithrechus do gabail on pecach to accept repentance, BCC 238.4 . gan oba gliadh ná a gabhail, TD 26.40 . bala mumia do gabáil a n-aimsir na plaga to inhale, O'Gr. Cat. 200.2 . ier ngabail tighi ōsta after taking lodgings, Fl. Earls 66.27 . na luibhe ici ... a[g] gabail na crecht nua ... n-anabaid drawing together (?) or taking effect on (?) the new raw wounds, ZCP x 308.5 . conā gaib greim nō gabāil ina tómlim what I eat takes no hold or effect, MacCongl. 95.2 . dochúas o Dauid ... fri gabáil nglé for fair reception (?) SR 6303. Of assuming arms : a chētgabāil ṅgaiscid, TBC-I¹ 641 . Of conceiving : féil ghabhála Mhuire i mbroinn, TSh. 3269 . Of receiving and adopting a foster-child : cidh mac faosma d' ainfine ... mad ro badar ar aird ag a gabhail, Laws iv 256.4 Comm. Of removal by death : ar na ghabhail on bheathaigh so, AU i 8.9 . (?) ma romtoiccthi ecc ind-Hí, ba gabal di trocari it were a merciful taking (?) Anecd. ii 19.3 . Of fixing in : ic gabhail férne na pupla don talmain, driving in ... (?), RC xliii 42 § 39.

gabáil lámae duine expelling, removing a person (lit. seizing his hand, see Ir. Recht, p. 12 ) : fristulaid C. dó ┐ rofóid díis dia muintir do gabáil a láma, Trip. i 146.22 . adrodamair láim Patraic do gabail, ib. 148.5 . Cf. ii 478.15 . cia epscop uáib no ragad ... do gabail laime Mochuta, Fél.² 94.39 . leth in sechtmaig ar gabail lama nama only for marrying (of a husband `for bantidnacor'), Laws ii 392.25 Comm. (see Thurneysen, Stud. in E. Ir. Law, p. 59 ). With prep. for enjoining, commanding : grechus C. C. ar Laogh ... ag gabhail a laimhe fair 'man ngaei mbulga d'indioll, ZCP x 296.2 ; cf. TBC-LL¹ 2180 , 3252 ; ML 156.5 . Cf. also : ac gabail lama ar an feín dochum an mor-chatha `urging on' CF 565 . See gaibid.

In concrete sense : a collection (of money, etc.) : rogabad gabáal dóib leu, Wb. 7a7 . con-gabtis gabala linn ... in Hierusalem, 19a4 . dinab gabalib (gl. collectis), 13d33 . dodechatar conimbiud a ngabala (.i. tinola) , ACL iii 28.16 . ar cenn Patraic, Trip. 206.8 . doberdis gabala mar (sic) doib, O'Curry 762 ( H 3.18, 359 b ). primiti .i. tosach gabala cach nuathoraidh, Laws i 52.7 Comm. Cf. also leth-gabal under 2 ? gabal.

(b) seizing, capturing ; conquest ; seizure : gabail etechta unlawful seizure, Laws ii 84.10 . gabail co toxal, i 64.3 . caill cen gabail `an unappropriated wood,' v 484.14 Comm. imgeib guin immo-amgeib gabáil he avoids wounding, he avoids capture, TBC-LL¹ 860 . co ṅ-gabail iṅgni sebaicc, 2725 . ar ngabāil gīall for Mumain, ZCP viii 119y . fer gabala giall nErenn (of a predominant king), RC xviii 41.28 (Tig.). go sluaghaibh Gréag dá gabháil, TD 26.33 . ro po goiste gabala don Demun, RC xx 176.17 (ACC Comm.). gabála báise cis lir ? how numerous are the seizures (?) of folly ? Tec. Corm. § 14 . do leigthea gan lan-gabail without being taken prisoner, MR 200.11 . Cf. Numbers xx 1 ; AFM iii 306.13 ; 646.2 . set gabhala, O'D. 540 ( H 3.17, c. 434 ). bó cecha gabala, BColm. 64 . in ard-gabail-sea doníat in cuanairt `high-catching,' Acall. 7385. ? claideb crúaid ... i n-ardgabail churad bar a chlíu, TBC-LL¹ 5340 . Cf. RC xliii 82 § 84. ag gach gabháil dár gheabh `any who have conquered her,' TD 17.4 ; hence Lebor Gabála Érenn The Book of Conquests (lit. `of the taking'), MS. Mat. 578.24 . cóic gabála ... rogabad Hériu, Imr. Brain ii 286.13 = LU 1229 . faghla is gabhála Gaoidheal, TD 28.2 . Of taking and harnessing horses, etc. : a eich do gabáil do ┐ a charpat do indell, MU 4.12 . Cf. Maguires of F. § 23 . timargain dam fri a ngabail, Laws v 486.23 ; cf. 152.4 . dá chéd ngargdhamh n-gabhála plough oxen (lit. `oxen of harnessing'), Leb. Cert. 220.22 . (?) ni tharraid gabail na slabrad batar ar comlaid na slige, Rawl. 131b26 = Cymmr. xiv 104 . fuil muc oc a ngabail a cru (one of the seven bloods shed by beasts for which nothing is paid), Laws v 152.4 . For legal phr. lám gabálae see lám II (b).

In concrete sense : booty ; spoil ; a captive : iar torachtain cáich cona gabáil, LU 5393 . ocht ngabala fichet tucc Donnchadh leis, Cog. 210.17 . rangattar D. ... gusan ngabhail leó, AFM ii 878.14 . 1090.3 . bar mná ... iarna mbreith a ngabalaib ┐ a ndaeraib as captives and bondswomen (?), Alex. 214 . A catch : iasgaire ... gēbaid sē a lāngabāil, ZCP x 345 § 5 ; cf. Luke v 9 . A gag, a check : gabail for tengthaib `a gag on tongues' (one of the punishments of hell), RC iv 252.23 , 24 .

(c) holding, occupying, maintaining ; fortifying : do gabáil in chalaid risin coblach, LL 224b22 ( TTr. 545 ). foroprait ar g.¤ in dúnaid, TFerbe 222 . LL 276a33 . fouair in Troi n-osluici cen neach aga diten nach ga gabail, 398b28 . nipsa chúsa gabála lis, LU 9325 . do ghabhail na conaire coitchinne (i.e. to occupy the common road against the enemy), AFM vi 2276.x . do chuir in iustís locht a gabhála inti (of a place taken by military force), O'Gr. Cat. 9.16 (= RC xlii 302.5 ).

(d) reserving, reservation (?) of land for cropping , in phrases like cluain gabála, gl. herbagium, Ir. Gl. 723 . ní cluain ghabhāla grās Dē, RIA Cat. 4.10 . don aengurt gabala, `grazing-field (?),' Lism. L. 2866 . ocht fichit bó a férgort gabala, Acall. 2069. 2309 . 4181 . 7602 . 7970 . Cf. (?) ar fheurghort gabhla, Tor. Dh. Oss. 60.27 (Oss. iii). mes na caille gabhála, O'D. 748 ( H 3.17, c. 63 -4) = O'D. 2202 ( Nero A vii, f. 140a ). crim .i. a caill gabala `in an appropriated wood,' Laws v 474.15 gloss. ; ib. 30 . im crand ngabala bis i ndithrib, i 202.2 = O'Curry 2683 ( Eg. 88, f. 58 (59) b ). férbrug gabala, Acall. 4179 , 7292 . Levying (?) : g s. in phrase bó gabála a cow levied as a due : (things that may be alienated from the `fine') ni sanntar ni seacha fine ... acht ... forcomal chis flatha i cain aicillne ... no boin gabala nothing is alienated without consent of the fine, save security for the lord's rent, in the law of base clientship ... or a cow levied as a due, Laws v 442.24 . An leg. bó ingabála ? Cf. tiumnaigther uad ... co ructar bó ingabála dia fuiririud (sic leg.), i 136.2 Comm. dlighidh saerbiathad deisi ┐ boin lethgabala `... a cow of the second quality' (i.e. that is worth half of the legal levy), iv 350.26 Comm. bo gabhála da gach creich, Fen. 134.11 .

(e) taking, passing, going (a road, etc.): techt co Sipra ┐ can gabáil co Ródus, Maund. 37 . ac gabáil na ndorus fria thaebh entering by the side doors, Marco P. 77 . gan an t-eolus sin do gabhail not to take that route, BCC § 233 . fear gabhála `a wayfaring man,' Judges xix 17 . lucht gabāla na sligedh, Fl. Earls 88.20 . coblach do Grécaib do gabáil i purt Ségi, LL 224b18 ( TTr. 542 ). cuan ghabhala landing place, CF 90.

(f) singing, reciting : na trí cóicait do gabáil, Ériu i 196.7 . do gabail cepoce ... immum, Sc.M² 19.11 . gabail n-ecnairci, Mon. Tall. § 18 . fear ag gabháil dúaine duit, IGT Decl. ex. 683 . sailm tra in tan gabar, cech la gabail dib i sessom, araile i ssuide, Rule of Tallaght § 22 . By extension, of that which is sung, recited : is hí and cétna gabal lais otha beatus corrici domine quis , Mon. Tall. § 31 . Cf. § 32 , and Rule of Tallaght § 99 seq.

(g) Used with various prepositions : (for meanings see gaibid). cen gabáil ar m'aicned without controlling my disposition, Mer. Uil. 243 . gabail ara fual retention of urine, Mon. Tall. § 53 . Cf. gabail foraib, ib. leighister hí ... le gabáil ar anáil, O'Gr. Cat. 193.32 . o ... na rabha aca comhang gabhala dhibh a chriche d'innrudh ... to prevent them, RC xliii 114 § 120 . ní éta gabail disside she could not be prevented, IT i 71.12 . ni edaim a ghabhail duit-se a dula I cannot prevent your going (?), RC xliii 20 § 13 . atrachtsad Laigin do gabail foraib to attack them, Anecd. i 18.1 . iar ngabail for a cetfadaib their senses being stunned, Alex. 28 . is saoth lium in bachlach ut do gabhail form ar éicin encroach on me (i.e. settle on my land), Lism. L. 2279 . ní bhaoí cumhang occa gabhail friú im aidhmhilleadh na criche `nor was he able to prevent them ...,' AFM vi 1924.20 . in días do gabáil immón n-óenfer attacking, LU 8206 ( FB § 15 ). mas tria anfot rucustar hi ┐ ata ag gabail impi tria anfot (of a false verdict) `and is adhering to it through inadvertence,' Laws iii 304.12 . gabhail impe tar gealluibh withholding it in spite of pledges, ii 70.27 Comm. as dliged in ní sin ... ┐ ní était sium gabail uime (of the payment of a tribute) they cannot withhold it, RC xliii 14 § 8 . Mairc do Priaim gabáil impe ... gan a tinnlocadh doibh tar cenn tsidha (of the Greeks demanding the surrender of Helen) Woe to Priam that he withheld her and did not give her over to them in return for peace ! King's Inns MS. 12, f. 26rb . mad ail leis connicc gabail impe a cetoir cena leccudh uadh (of a branch overhanging a neighbour's garden) he (i.e. the owner) can withhold it, O'D. 2284 ( Rawl. B 506 f. 26a ). Conn do gabail leo a n-aghaidh Hui Neill siding with them, AU iii 228.25 . Cf. TTebe 3172 . robái ... oc gabáil ac Patraic `a-holding by P.' (= supporting P.), Trip. 556.26 . gabail ic fannaib taking the part of (indulging ?) the weak, LL 371c39 . LB 151b41 . fer da tuc C. tidhnaicci móra oir ┐ indmais tar cenn gabhála aigi `for supporting him,' CCath. 535.

(h) leaven (late) : do thógaibh an pobal ... an mhin chomhchroitte, sul do cuireadh gabháil innte = antequam fermentaretur, TSh. 7753 . 'na arán ghlan, gan cumasg laibhín nó gabhála, 8910 . deocha geura gabhála sharp, fermented (?) drinks , ITS i 38.25 . Prob. = gabálta, q.v.

(i) (of a horse) carriage, bearing, posture (?): da mbia an t-ech gobard ┐ gabail granna aice if the horse is raising its snout and has an ugly bearing Celtica ii 46 § 7 . dligid ech na gab(ala crom)a beith mi-luthmar. Dligid ech na gabala airde a beith garg mer 'the horse that carries its head bent [?] should be lacking in vigour. The horse that carries its head high [?] should be fierce and giddy' 48 § 11 . See also bó-gabál, duine-gabál.

1 il

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 il or dil.ie/27239
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: iliu, hil, n-ili, il, lia, lia, il, ilága, il, il, il-

adj i (orig. u, GOI § 358 ). As subst. a p. iliu, O'Dav. 621. LL. 119b50 . Sg. form of adj. with pl. noun : nidat glain for n-adbai hil (: dil), SR 7996.

With a noun in pl. many, numerous: atá n-ili dána in spirto `that the Spirit's gifts are many,' Wb. 12a11 . it corp in boill-sin cit íli, 12a13 . arnaib réib ilib, 22a8 . inna leri ili gl. operas multas, Ml. 28c2 . os ní ili `we many', 43a6 . rugil (gl. nonnullo= rug-il `sehr viel'), ZCP vii 488 § 41 , cf. GOI § 366. co mmárbuidin martrae | naptar ili lochtae, Fél. March 18. fertae amrai ili | dogénatar airi, ib. Ep. 175. it ile imda mo anmandsa cheana, BDD² 554. ili insi Mod ... ili tonna mara : liä dāma Domnaill, Bruchst. i § 12 . bātar ili Cothraige | cetharthrebe dia fognad `many were there whom C. ... used to serve,' Thes. ii 309.3 . do flaithib ilib echtrandaib, Laws ii 308.17 . di each dec diamut ili sealbu `if they have belonged to various owners,' v 242.10 Comm. robdar úaite a n-éolaig ┐ robdar ile a n-anéolaich, Ériu iv 126.10 . fíad andrib ilib, LU 3902. ili ceanna, ūatte enech, ZCP viii 195 § 10. bid uaite bar n-airchisechtai, bidt ile bar námait, Alex. 223. go ro chaoininn m'ulca ile, Measgra D. 42.27 .

With a noun in sg. manifold, much, great: cosin taidbse il gl. cum multa ostensione, Ml. 30b11 . in tomais il .i. in toimseo truim (gl. multi ponderis), 20a21 . bith cen ṡeotu | arlicud il | ilar carat `much lending,' Tec. Corm. § 14.29 .

As subst. many, a multitude: tresa n-íccatar híli `through which many may be saved,' Wb. 27c20 . do ṡlund hile `to signify many,' Sg. 28b24 . ní derscaigi in comparit di hilib a cheneiuil feissin, 40a6 . a n-il gl. multum, Ml. 43d23 . aisnefimit uáiti do ilib dib `de multis pauca perstringemus,' Lat. Lives 45.7 . togaethfaid sochaide soifid iliu, LL 119b50 . gellfat-sa de fīad ile in the presence of many, ZCP x 41.22 . co ttangattar ili diabhal ina thimcheall, BNnÉ 6 § 19. tidhnacul mbīdh ... coemthach n-ile, ACL iii 296 § 41. fechtas for iliu oenfer `which one man wreaks upon many,' O'Dav. 621. ar ilib ... ┐ ní ar na huilib dóinib `pro multis .. non pro omnibus,' PH 5227. dú in ro marbhadh íle, AFM i 440.9 . cf. ile .i. iomad, no iolardha, O'Cl.

Equative: con bús lir bommanna ega, TBC-LL¹ 5949. comtar lir gainem mara ... a lleithchind ┐ a llethchloicne ..., RC iii 177.29 . For compar. : comtís lir a mmairb anda a mbí, TBC-LL¹ 6006. at lir turim thrá frassa na saiget past counting, LU 2212. With compar. ending for comparative : is liriu feoir no folt fidbuide `more numerous than ...,' Ir. Gl. p. 70 n . Compar. lia more, more numerous, greater: nabad lia diis no thriur `let it not be more than ...,' Wb. 13a4 . lia gl. plures, Sg. 41a9 . air robtar lia sidi ol mbatar maicc israhel, Ml. 123a8 . ce beth lin is lia do crichaib eturru `a greater number of territories,' Laws i 222.z Comm. lia ceasta canoine nā canoin, ocus lia aicned inā udaras, iii 32.8 Comm. at líu luibni fidbad fann | no ruibni rinndglan retglann, SR 7291. is lia indisi ┐ epirt a ndo ligdath doadbat `beyond telling,' Ériu ii 114 § 39. is lia turem tra ┐ aisneis ina mboí dí degmnáib and, LU 8416. ni ḟil nech is lia seóit ... andú-sa, TBC-LL¹ 59. níba lia in rí is taig andā-side `the king had not more people ...,' ZCP xii 272.30 . bid lia a mairb lais na hoirgne andáta a mbí, BDD² 801. longes ba liu andasaide, Cog. 228.14 . ar mhodh nach liadh da a gceannuibh ina da gceudfadhuibh (=quot capita, tot sententiae), Luc. Fid. 333.4 . iomdha fochuinn as a bfoil | fearg ag Chríosd re cloinn Ádhaimh | ... lia tobar na trócuire ` stronger ,' Dán Dé xxi 12. is lia ná soin daonnacht Dé greater , x 12 . am lia d'ḟios is d'ealadhain `I am richer in knowledge ...,' Content. xiv 10. Ír, ní raibhe laoch ba lia `no warrior was greater,' Keat. ii 747. With de : nocha liauite in biadh `the food is not the more plentiful,' Laws ii 28.17 Comm. is liate in da urlabra `the more lengthy,' Auraic. 635. indar leosom gach imat cruth bias fora ndee is liai-di a cumhachta, Marco P. § 152. liaide duine ag dul 'n-a teach | cor na gcreach ar Muire amach, DDána 21 § 16. lía assa lía more and more numerous: lia sa lia an t-aos ealodhna, Ériu v 52.10 . lia sa lia treablaid is teadhma, Dán Dé xii 2. cóir cungnamh as lia sa lia, DDána 34 § 9. lía assa chách more and more numerous: ┐ ni lia 'sa cach iad ┐ ni huaiti, YBL 85a23 . Superl. issē mac dian lia eōlas i nĒrind, Ériu viii 156.7 . ar an leirg bhus lia duine very numerous ?, DDána 24 § 8. corn lán as lia trócuire, A. Ó Dálaigh ix 1. fód as lia iasg ar abhann, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 8 § 3 v.l. an tráth as teirce an fhéile | 's as lia lucht an toibhéime, L. Cl. A. B. 64.154 . lia toimhdeadh atá don fhior very many , 174.61 .

Adv. ind il greatly: multum .i. is ind il as ferr iudeus quam gentilis, Wb. 2a4 . With de : is lia de creitfess `the more ,' 23b7 .

Compds. il is most commonly compounded with plur. nouns, but may also be compounded with nouns of a collective or abstract character, e.g. il-chésad, il-chonách, il-ecor, il-ḟodlaidetu. ¤adbai many dwellings: dia n-ergnaib, dia n-iladbaib, SR 7264. ¤adbara many materials ? : ri secht nimi, rí talman, | ardruiri na n-iladbar, 7734 . ¤ág manifold combat, many fights: g. (? s. or p.) airm ilága , TBC-LL¹ 4105. ¤aicdi many materials: rasilsat i. adhamrai ann .i. nemaind Locha Lein, Anecd. ii 6.6 . ¤aicmi many races, many families: nicon fogail hilltuathai ┐ hilaicme fear talman, Alex. 236. ¤airdbe many slayings: bé dia mbiat ilardbe | eter Ulto erredaib, IT i 69.9 . ¤airm many weapons: dia n-ilarmib, SR 732. ¤anman many names: ilanman domber doib du(a)id 'many names which David gives to them', Études Celt. xl 65 ( Ml. 48c34 ​). ainmnigud oen folaid húa ilanmmanaib, Sg. 30a5 . ¤arda many heights: dor-riagat ilardae uisscib indberaib, BDD² 455. ¤átha many fords: for ilathaib Boinde, YBL 173b52 . m'oenur dam ar ilathaib, TBC-LL¹ 2336. co mensat (leg. memsat, Ed.) ort forsna ilathu, LU 6097. ¤baill many limbs: dorígeni dia corp ... ó ilballaib, Wb. 12a29 . ¤bélrae, ¤bérlai, ¤bérlada n. later m. many languages: is ferr precept oldaas labrad ilbéelre, 12d7 . ni labrátar uili ó ilbélrib, 12b22 . do fogluim na n-ilberla fon doman, Laws i 20.7 Comm. iar cumasc na n-ilbérlae `after the confusion of tongues,' Ériu iv 140.21 . eoin ... cantai ilcheolu i n-ilbelraib, ii 118 § 54 . áit ionar thiodhnuic Día ilbhérladha an domhain do Neamhrúadh, IGT Introd. 3.12 . ¤benna many horned animals: il-benda, Laws i 64.9 . ¤berta ` many burdens,' many tasks ?: gessa ┐ i. bítis for Coinculainn, RC xiv 398 § 1. ¤blassa see blas. ¤blátha many blossoms: forsnig inna hilblátha, Imr. Brain § 6. ¤blíadnai many years: ecmaing bátir ilblédni, § 62. demun oca himluad fri hil-bliadnu, PH 1990. ¤brecht(n)ugud great diversification, great variegation: hilbrectnugud retland roglan i n-aidchi réoid, TBC-LL¹ 5048. ilbrechtnugud cech datha inti, Acall. 5454 n. ilbrechtugud, 7168 . ¤brechtrad, ¤mrechtrad manifold variety: adiecta cona n-ilmrechtrud, Sg. 29b6 . hilbrectradh ndath n-éxamail na cathsciath, CCath. 1728. as lais tuccadh ilbrechtradh gacha datha i n-edighibh ar tús, AFM i 42.z . ¤bríathra many words: mrechtrad inna n-ilbriathar, Ml. 122d11 . ¤brugai (see mruig) g p. imtiagad breatha ilbruige `the judgments on the various farms vary,' Laws v 466.15 . ¤búada many victories, many outstanding qualities: dia n-ilbuadaib, SR 716. ra bátar ilbuada ilarda ... for Coinculaind, TBC-LL¹ 660. innisidh a iolbhuadha, DDána 67 § 23. ¤búaid great excellence ?: lat mac n-oebind co n-ilbúaid, SR 2864. ¤buidne many bands: na hilbuidni airridrici, TTebe 1444 . ¤chaingni many affairs, many troubles: ba mertnech Moisi ... fri hi., SR 4542. ¤chatha many battles: fri frithalim n-i., 5058 . ¤chathraig many cities: Sg. 13a2 . a n-ilchathrachaib tíre Iúda, PH 3675. ¤chelga many treacheries: a fhír-indilltech na n-il-chelg n-exsamail, 8174 . ¤chella many churches : et fundavit il-cella i nDáil Araidi, Lat. Lives 34.13 . ¤chenéle many kinds: ataat i. bérli isin biuth so, Wb. 12d4 . ¤chennadacha many provinces: do luid ri Eoganachta for creich ┐ innrudh ilchendadhach, YBL 1a16 . ¤chenna many heads: tolaib ilchend (of a beast), SR 882. ¤chéola, ¤chéol many melodies, many harmonies, manifold music: binnithir ilcheólu in domain ..., LU 2034. co srethaib ... ilchéolaib, SR 992. parrthus cona thairthib ┐ cona il-cheolaib, YBL 157a16 . binn leisna harcainglibh ilcēol na hēnlaithe, ZCP viii 199 § 5. seinn i., Studies 1919, 611 § 1 . ¤cherda many crafts, many accomplishments: batar hi. inganta leo, PH 889. go ráith bhfódsgoraigh na n-ilcheard n-éagsamhail, DDána 70 § 14. ioldanach .i. duine lan d'ealadhnaib no d'ilcheardaib, O'Cl. ¤chésad ` act of torturing in various ways' : go raibhe dá il-chéasadh ann (i.e. in Hell), TSh. 564. ¤chéta many hundreds: tríasna hilchéta blíedne, Imr. Brain § 65. co ruc il-chéta bó as, RC xvii 363.8 . ¤chethrai many cattle, cattle of various kinds: isin cumusg n-ilcethra `in the intermixture of various cattle,' Laws ii 4.y Comm. imtar imdai a n-i., SR 4662. ¤chíalla many meanings: na ilchialla asind óinrainn, Sg. 197a17 . o oin inna n-ilchial, 154a1 . ataat ilchialla isint sun ebraidiu, Ml. 37a10 . ¤chinéla many races: na hilltuatha ┐ na hilchinela, LB 122b39 . ¤chlessa many tricks: a ilcleasa neme ar indell aicci, TBC-LL¹ 3931 (Stowe). i n-árach a n-il-chleas `varied tricks,' TSh. 528. ¤choin many hounds: airm i mbiat i. géra, LU 2418. ¤chomarbas manifold heirship: can forbeir coimaithces ? A il-comarbus `from several heirs,' Laws iv 68.19 . ¤chomraic many encounters, many combats: nipa frithenech debtha hit ilchomraicib, LU 3495 (SC). ¤chonách : dochuaidh ilconach do Césair `manifold prosperity,' CCath. 2368. ¤chuir many turns ? many circles ? : línib hilchor (a cheville), SR 166 ¤chrícha many territories: i n-ilchrīchaib comadais, ACL iii 218 § 7. ¤dála many delays: a ben, ná bi ic hildalaib, SR 1698. ¤dána many gifts, many arts, many accomplishments ; sg. ¤dán varied skill, manifold science: nítat ildáni do óenfiur et ní óen dán do sochuidi `it is not many gifts to one man ...,' Wb. 21a16 . tormaigid eneclann du neoch il-dana du beith aigi, Laws v 108.16 Comm. In sg. : fairenn cach ildāna of every varied gift, Ériu iv 163.14 . ? used as adj. iar n-eladnaib ildánaib, SR 2226. ¤dath, ¤datha sg. and pl. many hues, varied colouring: Emne co n-ildath féle, Imr. Brain § 60. co mbrechtaib cach illdatha, SR 56. Loch Riach ..., illatha de gach n-aenlā dath gorm, dath buidhe ..., ZCP v 24 § 14. Attrib. gen.: i mbeirtibh óir ioldatha, TD 7 § 26. ¤dechraib d p. many differences: isnaib i., Ml. 125d7 . ¤delba many shapes, varied shapes: rí rodasgni ... i. na n-anmanna, SR 7270. ¤dírib d p. many fines, many compensations: slan enech ecmaing in il-dirib i n-ordaib il-grad ecsi, YBL 179b13 . ¤draídechta varied enchantments: na hildraidhechta ┐ na hileicne ro imerset draithe Cormaic orro, RC xliii 58 § 58. ¤dúili many elements: trí accomol n-ildule `through the conjunction of many elements,' Ml. 145c4 . ro chainset na hilldúile, SR 7760. ¤échta many slayings, many slain: re himad na n-ar ocus na n-ilécht, MR 240.8 . āra ┐ ilēchta, TTebe 2856 . ¤ecor much decoration, much inlay: etaigi caema ... arna n-ilecur do snath alaind orda, TTebe 2214 . Attrib. gen.: ruithean na cathbarr n-orda n-ileagair, 917 . cloidim cru[a]idgher ... ┐ se ordhuirn ilegair, Aen. 1955. ¤ḟaebair, ¤ḟaebra many weapons, varied weapons: na hairm ┐ na hilḟaebair, Acall. 2031. ní geibhtis renna ná ilfaebra he, RC xliii 46 § 45. gé bhrisim ... beirn le beagán iolfhaobhar, DDána 82 § 2. Metaph. armtha lé hiol-fhaobhraibh na haithrighe, TSh. 10816. ¤ḟodla many divisions: nos deocraigitt i n-ecsamlus na n-ilfodal fil forsin mbairdni, IT iii 6 § 4. ¤ḟodlaidetu manifold division: cid i n-airecar ilfodlaidetu forsin cetardu sin (viz. na cethri primfodla filed forsin bardni), IT iii 6 § 4. ¤ḟolta : fri slond n-ilḟolad `to signify many substances,' Sg. 28b22 . ¤ḟuirech much delay: ní bad muilleóir duit fer ilḟuirig `a man of much delay,' Tec. Corm. § 34.5 . níbat ilḟurig im írad n-echtrand `do not often delay ...,' SCC 272 (= LU 3471 ). ¤gáiri, later ¤gáirthe, ¤gár(r)tha many cries, much clamour: a cuirdís óic ilgáire, Acall. 3094. fodord mor ... ┐ ilgaire troma fergacha, LB 151b37 . iolgháirthe gan méid do mhair, IGT Decl. ex. 1983. iolgháirthe badhbh is brainéan, TD § 31. iolach ┐ iolgarrtha, RC xxix 122.7 . ¤gáirdes much joy: cūis ilghairdis, Fl. Earls 238.10 . ¤gáirdiugud much rejoicing or merrymaking: ticdiss ... d'ilghairdiugadh inntinne dōip `to make amusement for them,' 58.15 . ¤gessa many spells, many enchantments: mar mhná na n-ilgheas oile, TD 1 § 17. ó do imdhigh a n-ilgheasa `their great prerogatives,' Aithd. D. 45 § 3. ar eól amhra i n-ilgheasaibh, Hackett l 8. ¤géill many hostages: a p. huaire do-foxla ilgiallu, Laws iv 330.4 Comm. ¤glésa many arrangements, manifold equipment: im thalmain co n-ilglessaib, SR 90. re hil-gles a hoirfideach, MR 102.17 . ¤gné many kinds, varied appearances: bieit i. indi són, Ml. 97a1 . Lucifer linib hilgne, SR 1690. nocon fetarsa indat ilgnae do-chuirither in folt fair fo indat trí fuilt failet fair, BDD² 1125. ¤gníma many deeds, various deeds: nicond ailet il-gnima `various works,' Laws v 414.x . a ghríobh na n-ilghníomh n-orrdhuirc, DDána 92 § 40. soidheach il-ghníomh n-amhghlan inn, Aithd. D. 73 § 3. tar eis na n-ilgnim sin do denum, Stair Erc. 1223. ¤gotha : ba uisse ce notectad ilgotha ` many sounds ,' Sg. 197a11 . ¤grád(a) many orders, many grades: ni do thoimsib na n-hilgrad, SR 714. cona ecalsib i n-ilgradaib, ZCP iii 223 § 4. ¤gréssa many ornamentations, many illuminations (of a MS.) : in sgribenn n-amrae ... cona ilgresaib aillib examlaib, Fél. 90.6 . ¤imad very many, a great quantity: maille re hiolimad dona págánachaibh, Ériu v 192.530 . ioliomad édála léo, 194.564 . fer saidhbhir ... co n-ílimad gacha maithusa, RC x 187.14 . Ionas, Iob, ┐ il-iomad oile, TSh. 8434. go n-ilimat bād ┐ ethor, Fl. Earls 86.12 . ¤innéirge : ilinnerghe ineragar o ecluis bunuidh `many desertions are made from an original church,' Laws iii 64.20 . ¤intliuchta : sluindes ilsésu ┐ ilintliuchtu `that signifies many senses and many meanings,' Ml. 37a10 . ¤lanna many blades: ar fich arm il-land ngorm, LL 43a13 . ¤liuna a p. : arna tormastar fort iliuna len lighe `lest there be added to thy numerous sorrows the sorrows of a sick bed,' Ériu viii 173.30 . ¤litre many letters: ar it lia sillaba o illitrib quam ó oinlitrib, Sg. 71a18 . ? ¤lúamand : ? roīr dam ... deich tallima taroeda il-luamand, Ériu ii 28.31 . ¤luicc many places: dorata i. dáib, Trip.² 1185. ¤maicni many tribes, many families: frisna iltuathaib ┐ frisna ilmacnib ┐ frisna ilmílib, TBC-LL¹ 453. ¤maín(e) much wealth, many treasures, many gifts: ladiri ocus ilmuine mic Dé `manifold powers,' Laws i 22.22 Comm. ar id ilmaoine moighter comarbaib, iv 266.24 . fuath lais ór is iolmhaoine, Aithd. D. 20 § 21. do bhronn d'filidh ilmhaíne, IGT Decl. ex. 1173. Fig. (see maín (c)) ; im ṡeirc Dé ba hilmain, Fél. Feb. 11. taimthiu Ióib ilmain (? in app. to taimthiu), June 30 . ¤mara many seas: tíre is iolmhara eadroinn, Studies 1918, 453 § 15 . ¤mairb many dead: ro-thóduscastar hil-marbu ... lais a bás, PH 3747. ¤míana many desires: cin nach n-uiressbhaidh dia n-ilmianaib, Stair Erc. 624. ¤míla many animals: Adam, sruth is ilmílaib, SR 1642. cona huilib hilmilaib, 1632 . ¤míli many thousands: i fil ilmíli brecc mban, Immrama 11 § 19. bíaid ... cath for ilmilib, IT i 131.39 . cid oenfer do hilmilib, SR 4024. co ruca hilmíle lett dochum Nime, Lat. Lives 82.11 . do caithedar ... ilmilti do liagaibh lámh, Stair Erc. 1549. ¤mílid many soldiers: in coica curad ... ┐ na hilmili[d], TTebe 3259 . ¤mná many women: cell a ndentar imot adaltrais ri hilmnaib, Laws v 122.6 Comm. ¤moda many ways: roptar cosmaile hó ilmodaib .i. Moyṡi ocus Pátraic, Trip. ii 474.20 . ¤nathraig many snakes, various snakes: co n-immud a hillnathrach, SR 4684. ¤phairti many parts: cor bloidh in cathbarr a n-ilpairtibh, Stair Erc. 354. ¤phectha many sins: acht ro pennead a n-ilpeacta, Laws v 448.2 . a lloss ilpeacadh cloinde n-Adaim, Leb. Gab.(i) 8.11 . ¤phersain multiplicity of persons, many persons: ní tre ilpersa sed per filium dei (? leg. ¤persana, Edd.), Wb. 32b2 . ¤phíana many pains, varied pains: coro innithmigtís hiffer[n]d cona ilphíanaib, LU 1960. ag ingheilt ar il-phianaibh ifrinn cropping the varied pains of hell, TSh. 1963. ¤phíanad act of torturing in many ways: tuc co port Rig da riagad | na hiuidail, da n-il-pianad, Metr. Dinds. iii 416.34 . dá il-phianadh go síordhaidhe, TSh. 9165. pl. varied tortures: imat ilpianad itfrinn, RC xxviii 320 § 37. ¤phíasta, ¤phésti many or varied beasts, many reptiles: eisc ┐ ilpiasta ichtair in aiceoin, Ériu v 20.12 . no-chodlad a oenur eter na hilphiasta ┐ ni erchoitigitis do, PH 875. tearc ann do na hilphiastaibh, DDána 112 § 16. ¤phíast, ¤phéist (= oillphíast, see s.v. oll) s. monster, serpent: an dubh-loch ... irraibhe an il-péist fraochdha, BNnÉ 135. iiib. 14 . ilphiast 'na hinbhearaibh, TD 13 § 10. ¤ranna many parts, various parts: comsuidiugud o ilrannaib uil composition from all the many parts, O'Mulc. 100. ¤ratha many graces, many blessings: is liriu feor nó folt fidbaide i. in marbnaid noeb siu, ZCP iii 225.4 . ¤rechta many shapes: is de atberthe in siriti ara met no delbad i n-ilrechtaib, LU 9009 (FB). domrat ... rí na nuli i n-ilrechtaib, 1290 . ar a immat d'ilr[e]achtaib a téiged sí, Acall. 2402. bean bhroit úaine a n-ilreachduibh, IGT Decl. ex. 1587. ¤rechta ? : fiu a heire éara dá hilreachtaibh, DDána 83 § 1. ¤ríana many paths, many ways: a n-ifurnd na n-ilrīan, ACL iii 216 § 3. échta ┐ ilriana in ármhuighe sin, MR 318.30 . ilriana urbadacha eli ic fostad ... fhoirne dá n-ógbhadhaibh, 316.28 . many floods, many seas ? : atraachtatar a róin ... ┐ a chenandain ┐ i. in mara, CRR § 10. ¤rind many stars: firmiminti na n-i., SR 274. ¤rith manifold course ?, many courses ? : srethaib ilretha rétlann, SR 718. ¤rúna, ¤rún many mysteries, varied mystery ? : ri rooirdnistar mac Nún | Essu, co n-immud hilrún, SR 5006. d'aisneis ocus d'ḟiadhnughadh aignidh ocus illruine na n-oghbriathar, MR 92.1 . ¤ṡailm many psalms: it ilsailm hi tadbadar foisitiu a pecthae do duaid, Ml. 32b18 . ¤ṡésu a p. : sluindes ilsésu ┐ ilintliuchtu `that signifies many senses ...,' 37a10 . ¤ṡelb many possessions: ag nach fuil gradh ilṡelba, Imr. Brain 88.5 . ¤ṡenman : cosmulius tuib arataat ilsenman `many sounds,' Wb. 12c46 . ¤ṡétchi many wives: adellad ilsétchi `that frequent various mates,' Mon. Tall. 132.1 . ¤ṡlúaig many hosts : a p. inna ilslogu, Tur. 110a . is mortcend do ilslúagaib, LU 8958 (FB). ¤tegdaisi many dwellings: ... catrach ... ┐ iltegdaisi i medon indde, Hib. Min. 221. ¤tintudai many translations: ataat i. leu cene, Ml. 3a14 . ¤tíre many lands: for túathaib, for iltírib, SR 6620. ¤toimtin many meanings: de dliguth inna n-iltoimdden, Sg. 26b7 . ¤tóisigh : dorochratar i. rothréna di cechtar na dá ṡlóg, TTr.² 1120. ¤treba : etir iltrebu `between many tribes,' Ml. 37d10 . ¤túatha many peoples: for hinnilib na n-iltuath, SR 2346. fo hill-tuathaib in domain, PH 6452. na hilltuatha ┐ na hil-chinela, LB 122b39 . ¤uisci many waters: amal tondgur n-iluisce, SR 608.

With adjj. It has been found convenient to take together adjj. compounded with il- and those derived from compound nouns of which il- is the first element, e.g. ilchenélach, ilainglech, ilmíanach, as it is not always easy to distinguish between them. There seems to be a distinction in meaning. il-, in the true compounds, having for the most part merely intensive force, e.g. il-bind, il-chrúaid, il-gránda. With those adjj. which clearly derive from compound nouns no hyphen is used here. ¤adbal very vast: ō Muir Icht álaind iladhbail, ACL iii 231.21 . ilainglech surrounded by many angels: co ríg n-il-ainglech n-ūasal, Thes. ii 300.8 ( Hy. i ). ilarmach many-weaponed: ger'bo raith óc i., Acall. 2741. ¤bind of manifold sweetness: sluag ... i., ilchaem, ... co claiscedal aingel, YBL 163b17 . ¤blasta very sweet, very tasty: cruithnecht i., LB 139a52 . ¤bras very eager, very quick: a bil-[l]aburthach ilchlesach i., PH 8181. a il-geranach ... il-ceolach i., YBL 162a20 . ¤brecc much variegated, very spotted: inar do s[h]rōll ilbreac ingantach, ML² 1471. ba hi in nirmamint ilbrec, Cog. 178.19 . forsna sciathaib ilbrecca, LB 152b31 . na haquili ... ilbreca `the speckled eagles,' CCath. 4927. ua (= ba) hilbrecca illathach na moigi ... risna cethaib comgela cubair, TTebe 2340 . As subst. : díallait órdha co n-ilbrecaibh, Imr. Brain 68.21 . ¤brechtach much variegated: sciath oirderc ilbreachtach, TTebe 3576 . ¤brén very foul: slog mor dub dorcha i. ... do démnaib, PH 8101. hi tégdais ... tenntige il-brein, 8297 . ¤brethach of many judgments, critical: an fhlaith ríoghdha il-bhreithech, RC xliii 280.z . il-geranach imchosaitech i., PH 8180. ¤bruthach very fiery: slog ... i. ... do démnaib, 8102 . ¤búadach of many victories, having many outstanding qualities: a nda sciath ailli ilbuadhacha, CF 295. conaca in tiprait ... n-ilbúadaig `endowed with many virtues,' Ériu iv 100 § 34. clanna ilbuadacha na hErend, Cog. 52.2 . gluaisis mac Ruaidhrí an ruathair iolbhuadhaigh, Aithd. D. 4 § 3. As an epithet : Oscar ilbuadhach, CF 786. ¤chaem very beautiful, possessing many charms: sluag ... il-bind i., YBL 163b17 . ilchenélach of many races: na hAdam-clainni ilcenealaichi, Cog. 166.6 . ilchenélaigthe peopled with many races: clanna ... na hErend ilcenelaigthi, 52.2 . ilchennach many-headed: in pheist irdairc úathmar i., LU 2429. pesti ... ilchennacha, RC xxviii 318 § 36. ¤chéolach of many melodies ?, very melodious ? : fail coll n-écsi n-ilcheólach ` music-haunted ,' Metr. Dinds. iii 286.24 . i nÉirinn ilcheolaigh, Aithd. D. 4 § 5. ag éisteacht ré hoirfideadh il-cheólach, TSh. 10916. uttering many complaints ? : a ilgeranach ... ilceolach ilbras, YBL 162a20 . ilchéolta : in fhailti ilceolta `many melodied,' RC xxviii 322 § 49. ilcherdach skilled in many crafts, very skilful, skilfully made: ionann iomorro ioldánach is ilcheardach, Keat. iii 666. ón mhúr ḟoirbhthe ilcheardach, TD 16 § 40. ilchessach : glic an éigse ilcheasach `of many problems,' Dánfhocail § 66. ilchíallda of many meanings: focail i., Content. v 43. ilchlannach having many descendants, having many divisions: clann .i. fodhail, ut est ro clui aicme ilclannaigh (v.l. ilclannach) `a tribe of many subdivisions languished,' O'Dav. 350 (? read he overthrew a tribe ...). go hAdhamh ... n-ilchlannach, MR 98.9 . possessed of many qualities or qualifications ? : iar n-urd eolais ilclandaigh, Leb. Cert. 236.7 . is ferr aicni ilclannach as a mbuaidh bretha berdar .i. asa mberar in brethemnus co buadach, O'Curry 2276 (< Eg. 88, fo. 20c ) = aiccnedh i., O'Curry 1610 (< 23 Q 6, p. 5b ). ilchlessach of many feats, of many tricks: an fear fionn iolchlesach, TBC-LL¹ 5466 (Stowe). Aengus ilclessach, Acall. 2732. a bil-[l]aburthach il-chlesach il-bras, PH 8181. ag aimsighthibh ilchleasacha an aidhbhirseóra, TSh. 10489. ¤chlóen very wily ? : as subst. : co Sencha mac Coscra, co ilcloin, Ériu i 116 § 5. ¤chodach ? : i. airchetail, IT iii 105 § 208. ¤chonda very wolfish, very fierce: cāinḟāel i. `ein ... vielgrimmer Wolf,' Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 25 (a) . ¤chossáitech very quarrelsome, much given to complaining: a ilgeranach, ilchossaidech, YBL 162a19 . ¤chráibthech very pious: betha Fharannain iolcraibtigh, Anecd. iii 1.5 . ¤chréchtnaighthe having many wounds ?, very badly wounded ?: cuirp ... ilcrechtnaigthe, LB 207a16 . dofuit ... M. ilcrectnaigte la hAicil, BB 439a21 . ¤chrothach very shapely ?, of many shapes, of varied beauty ? : ba hingen cumachtach i. hi (of Caer Ibormeith who had power to change into a bird), Aisl. Óeng. 19.7 . i mmag n-Árach n-i., Metr. Dinds. iv 28.46 . na heoin ailli il-chrothacha, KMMisc. 316.15 . i [bh]feidhm eolais ilchrothaigh, Leb. Cert. 236.3 . A common epithet of Juno : Iunaind ilcrothach, TTebe 2621 . in t-anmann ilchrothach-side (of Juno transforming herself into many shapes of animals) `this many-formed animal,' Stair Erc. 87. in rigan og alaind i., 929 . ¤chrúaid very hard: iombualadh ... iolchrúaidh, Atlantis iv 212.y . ildánach very gifted, skilled, accomplished, having many gifts or accomplishments (frequently used as subst.) : is amlaid bái in Dond Cualgni dubdond diumsach...illanach, IT iii 245.77 . ioldanach .i. duine lan d'ealadhnaibh no d'ilcheardaibh, O'Cl. Of the heads of crafts appointed by the ollamhs at the Feis of Eamhain ┐ the Feis of Cruachan to preside over the industries of the country : do gairthí ioldánaigh dona saoithibh-se. Ionann ... ioldánach is ilcheardach, Keat. iii 664 - 6 . tráighfidh muir ... go hiongantach ioldánach, DDána 29 § 6. fear ... ioldanach i lLaidin, AFM v 1584.9 . ioldánach `a jack-of-all-trades ,' O'R. As sobriquet of Lugh Lámhfada (cf. Samildánach) : ó armmuib in Illdhánaigh, Anecd. i 31 § 49. Superl. amail is illdanaighe dofuaramar according to the most expert knowledge we could find, BB 38a9 . ildathach many-coloured: co n-étaigib ildathachaib, TBFr. 36. in tuaig nimi n-illdathaig, SR 2628. cóeca ingen [n-]illdathach `arrayed in many colours,' SCC 803 (= LU 3980 ). meirgi ard ill-dathach, ML² 1181. barr i. in talman, O'Mulc. 201. a hearr iol-dathach (of a peacock), TSh. 2352. Name of a mythical country , as ā, f. : techt in-Ildathig i.e. nomen regionis, Imr. Brain § 24. ildathaigthe many-coloured: meic ... Israeil na thErend illataigthi, Cog. 160.18 . ildelbach having many shapes, adorned with many figures; beautiful ? : Emne i. fri rían, Imr. Brain § 19. amal cach scrin n-ildelbaig, SR 4212. issind dluim chruind ildealbhach `in the round, multiform cloud,' Ériu ii 108 § 22. in maccamh óg ildealbach, Acall. 1680. lēine il-delbach ōr-s[h]náith, ML² 1690. treabh na n-earradh n-ildealbhach `with varied vestures,' TD 21 § 26. saorchorn óir ildealbhaigh `of variously wrought gold,' 31 § 7 . ildelbda many-shaped: hilerda na n-anman n-án | is na n-i. ndermár creatures of varied shape, SR 310. ildionnach many-hued ? : don mhoigh eangbhláith i. (: Teamhrach), TD 24 § 37. ildírech : beas ill-danach, bid ill-direach he will have many fines (of one to whom because his honour-price is high, large fines are due for injury suffered), Laws v 108.12 . Aurard ilgradhach ildanach ildirech, Anecd. ii 65.6 . ¤ecairthe much adorned, adorned in various ways: cathbarr ... d'or alaind ilecairthi, TTebe 3205 . ilḟaebrach armed with many weapons: don druing fhuiligh iolfhaobhruigh ` sharp-sworded ,' Aithd. D. 3 § 17. ilḟoclach containing many words: in gach aen ebert ilfoclaig, Auraic. 1558. ilgáirdeach agreeable, pleasing: ru-s-taispein ē fēin go supailceach ilghairdeach dōib, Fl. Earls 38.x . ba lūthghāireach ilgairdeach lasin rīg ..., 222.25 . ¤geránach : a il-geranach `[thou soul] full of complaints,' PH 8180. ilgessach possessing many powers or enchantments: an líg n-ilgheasaigh n-áluinn ` many-virtued ,' TD 22a § 41 . ilgnéthech of many kinds: ilghnétheach, iolradh, eugsamhla ` Divers ,' Eg. Gl. 416. ilgnímach skilled in the performance of many deeds: uair nirb óc, rop i., Metr. Dinds. iii 242.12 . ind Aige ḟíal i., ii 66.8 . ilgnúisech ? : firmarius (read formarius) .i. ilghnuiseach ` many faced ,' Auraic. 811. ilgonach many-wounding: ardcomrac aigmeil i., CF 666. ilgothach many-voiced: re haltrom én [n]-ilgothach, Ériu i 39 § 3. ¤grádach very distinguished: Aurard ilgradhach ildanach ildirech, Anecd. ii 65.6 . As an epithet : Eicsi il-gradhach inghen Dána, 50.16 . ¤gránda very hideous, very ugly: led dhoirr n-iolghránna n-aidhbhsigh, Content. xxii 19 n . ilgrésach adorned with much ornamental work: chóig imlenda āilli ilgrēsacha `variously wrought,' Fianaig. 58.22 . fā Bera uasail ilghrēsaigh of varied accomplishments, ML² 578. ¤imda very numerous, manifold: ciarsat ailimda a clanna, Cog. 52.1 . deacair foghnamh do thoil dá thighearna | foghnamh iliomdha soin ..., Studies 1932, 140 § 1 . ilmaínech very wealthy, possessing varied treasures: Uisnech álainn iolmhaoinech, ZCP viii 221 § 44. don árus fhairsing ... iol-mhaoineach, TSh. 2729. ¤míanach very covetous: ní bad rannaire duit fer i. `a man of many desires,' Tec. Corm. § 34.4 . ¤níamach very splendid, very bright: na n-edaighi n-ilniamach, Stair Erc. 224. ilphíastach abounding in monsters: ar muir úathmuir ilpíastaigh, Anecd. i 32 § 57. glend aigméil, ilpiastach, uathmar, BNnÉ 131.17 . i gcarcair il-phiastaigh ifrinn, TSh. 802. goibél úathmhar ilphíasdach, IGT Decl. ex. 933. ¤rathach abounding in grace: it riched ilrathach, Fél. Ep. 466. ¤rechtach many-formed ? ; very frenzied ? : is i. in tí 'sa tuarascbáil, MU² 635. is and so cétríastartha im Choin Culaind co nderna úathbásách n-i. n-ingantach ... de, LU 6443. do-rinne fuath n-i. n-anaithnid de, Comp. CC 102.17 . To a woman who had changed appearance : is ilreachtach sin, a bean, ol in mac, RC xxiv 200 § 15. i Ráith ilreachtaigh Eochuill, TD 40 § 21. ilríanach : san éigse il-rianaigh `in the mazy land of poesy,' Content. xxii 14. ¤ṡínach with much bad-weather: gamh ilṡíonach, gaethach ` changeable ,' AFM ii 1100.12 . ¤tairthech very productive, very fertile: morthír ... iltairthech, SR 4702. ¤tríathach very lordly, very princely: mac Edlicon iltríathaig (v.l. imtriathaich) `head of many chiefs,' Metr. Dinds. iii 276.6 .

imchlaidbed

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imchlaidbed or dil.ie/27365

n o, m. vn. of imchlaidbid. the act of exchanging sword strokes, fighting mutually with swords; an exchange of sword strokes: iomchloidhmeadh .i. bualadh no comhrac re cloidhmhibh, O'Cl. arránic díis mbráthar and ic i.¤ im ḟerann ind athar íarna hecc, Trip.² 1236. tiachtain ar comairle mná | d'i.¤ rit chomalta, TBC-LL¹ 3678. la homun in imclaidbidh frisna cairdib ar trill, CCath. 2436. nir'bo tairisi leis tocht i n-imclaidbed cat[h]a a n-agaid a namat. 3044 .

imthecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imthecht or dil.ie/28137
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: imdheacht

n ā, f. vn. of imm-tét. (imtheacht imdheacht m. IGT Decl. § 24 ).

(a) in intrans. sense the act of going about, journeying, proceeding, going: do i.¤ foirib, a doirsea `to pass over you, ye doors,' Ml. 46a14 . snimach saethrach, bec a nert | a oenur ic sírimthecht, SR 3748. fecht do Patraic oc i.¤ i mmaigib Maicc Ercae, Trip.² 1404 . ri gaibis cu oc i.¤ aenar `setting off alone,' Laws v 172.18 . ro-batar oc imdecht i n-Ierusalem `going about in J.', PH 3675. oc imdecht imalle re chommilethaib `marching with his comrades,' RC ii 388.7 . ag i.¤ LE going away with, making off with: ag imdhecht leis na crechuibh making off with the spoils, Rel. Celt. ii 196.23 . ag i.¤ FOR (AR) happening to: cred ba ciall dona hairghenaibh sin do condcatar fen oc imtecht air `happening to him,' BCC 404.8 .

(b) In trans. sense, traversing: fofúair ann fer ... | ic i.¤ a chonaire, SR 3092. atconnarc gillu glána | oc i.¤ ind ḟiddromma, LU 3768. fecht do Moling ic i.¤ Luachra Degad, Fél. 150 § 17. do condaic dreimire o talmain co nemh ┐ é ga imtecht `and he departing thereby,' BCC 418.27 . da luing bhíos ag imtheacht an mhara, TSh. 103. fer do grís an t-áth gá i.¤ `a man who has heated the ford by his passage,' Studies 1920, 418.71 .

(c) evading, transgressing: oc mīdēnam .i. ic i.¤ cāna domnaig `bei der Umgehung des Sonntagsgesetzes,' ZCP xv 327 § 19. ōenfiadu indraic at-chí diis no triar ic imtecht cāna domnaig, ib.

(d) a wandering, a course, journey, departure: bad sochrud ar n-i.¤ `let our going be decent,' Wb. 6a30 . fri imthect `for marching,' 12c46 . i.¤ slebe `wandering on the mountain,' Thes. ii 293.7 ( SP i ). is i.¤ doib ┐ a coibche leo `they go away (i.e. leave their husbands),' Laws v 202.z Comm. ra iarfacht ... cid dobretha i.¤ fair ┐ cid ma tanic `what had caused his journey,' TBC-LL¹ 101. imtheacht samuisci tre cheo `the wandering of a heifer ...,' 4478 . aes n-imthechta no tastil sliged travellers , 148 . gebid ... a ḟiallgud ...n-imthechta immi he puts on his travelling clothes, 967 . t'i.¤ seochainni co se | ní acend acht sídaige, LU 3991. imdecht do neoch tar crích a tíre sechtar `journeying by anyone,' Ériu ii 202.2 . sé hernaile saorus fer n-imtechta ar tighradus na n-innile passer-by , O'D. 888 (< H 3.17, col. 637 ). na tairmiscid ... mo shet ┐ m'imtecht, PH 1897. do gabh Eōgan lāmh ar imt[h]echt assin innsi, ML² 454. teccaim gaeth rothren anaghaidh a himtechta against its course (of a ship), CCath. 4614. an úair thug Día ormsa imtheacht romham ó thigh m'athar, Gen. xx 13. is é modh ar a bhféadfaim-ne ... imtheacht san slighidh chóir, TSh. 10555. comharrtha ... ag nach bhfuil imeacht ona naduir fein departure (i.e. deviation) from its own nature, Luc. Fid. 239.5 . luidh reimhe ina uidhedhaibh imtheachta `he proceeded by regular marches,' AFM v 1740.12 . Imteact diall isin ceapaigh (name of a metre), IT iii 100 § 178. Imtheacht na Tromdhaimhe (name of a tale), Tromd. Guaire vii 23.

Used as obj. of certain vbs. gaibid i.¤ departs: rogab hi.¤ she departed, SR 1898. do-gní i.¤ : dena immdecht ` be off ,' PH 423. dénaidhsi i.¤ ... do dhénamh bhar bhfoghluma ar fedh an domhain, Comp. CC 72.25 . léicid i.¤ do frees, dismisses: do leicc imthecht do Gallaib Laigen `he dismissed the Leinster Galls,' Ann. Conn. 1225 § 16. léig imtheacht don fhuaráinsin ` set free ,' Studies 1919, 611 § 1 . téit i.¤: tiagait ass iaram imdechtai imciana coriachtutar in dithreb, LB 119b51 . tríallaid i.¤ : triallais imdiucht isin gaimred he attempted to set out, Ériu vii 197.19 .

(e) (esp. in pl.) adventures, exploits, doings, experience; news, tidings: ni fetar-sa mo imthechta `I know not my goings,' Wb. 28c10 . nintha do i.¤ liumm, RC xiii 222.20 . ro innis a imthechta do Béoan, LU 2968. adfíadat iarom a n-imtechta ┐ a scéla do Choncobur, LU 8937. acht co marat m'airscéla ┐ m'imthechta dimm esi, TBC-LL¹ 1113. indistir dūn nī do imtheachtaib ┐ do airscēlaib in c[h]eneúil, TBC-I¹ 329. ni fulngat ... tódernuma na piana na imtechta fo bith ar ni bit cinaid foraib (of the transmigration of souls), Alex. 842. adfet dóib imthechta in rig, Laws i 72.24 Comm. ara n-indissed di diúiti a imthechta `that he should tell her the simple truth of his adventures,' Imr. Brain 56.8 . ro-íarfaig Finnén de imthechta Hérenn .i. aní forcoemnacair inti ó amsir Partholóin, ii 286.6 . an sgéal léaghthar i n-imtheachtaibh Shéarlais Mhóir, TSh. 5205. ro gab a herrad imtechtæ ┐ ammaitechta impi (of magic feats), CCath. 4116.

(f) departure by death, decease: intan rocloither imtecht daini `when thou hearest of a man's decease,' Mon. Tall. 136.15 . tug an imtheacht tinnteach is tóirneach, Keat. Poems 144.

(g) pace, walk, going on foot, power of walking: bá miniu ┐ bá lúathiu a n-imtecht, LU 8255. roluath laissin caillig a i.¤ sum, Fél. 150 § 17. nir ḟet marcachus na himdecht do dénam she could neither ride nor walk, Todd Lect. vi 40.11 . do-rat Isu ... imtecht do na baccachaib, PH 4533. cos cín ímteacht iar fuined, ZCP xiii 278.12 .

(h) extent, scope: do réir imtheachta nó réime aitheantadh Dé, Donlevy 320.18 .

(i) Folld. by prep. AR imitation ?: do ní Eoin imtheacht mar sain | ar inntleacht an Eoin iodhain `Eoin doth strive to imitate the character,' Arch. Hib. i 91 § xix .

(j) of sexual intercourse: rē mnaoi ar a raibhe imthecht aige 'a woman with whom he had intercourse' Celtica i 216.246 . imtheacht ar mhnaoi, Plunkett s.v. coitus , Celtica i 235 . go raibhe deamhan do ghnáth ag imtheachd ar mháthair Lúitéir, Desid. 3805 .

1 nó

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 nó or dil.ie/33204

Forms: no-, atnoí, no, nu, na, ná

conj. or ; acc. to Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 441 a petrified imperative from the vb. no- (found in 3 s. pr. atnoí); Thurneysen, Thurn. Hdb. § 873 , conjectures that it may have been orig. negative.

In O.Ir. also written no and nu ( Cambr. 37d = Thes. ii 245.36 ), and in Mid.Ir. somet. na, ná (through confusion with ná nor). In O. and Mid.Ir. lenites initial of a follg. noun (possibly in O.Ir. of a vb. also: no chonutangar, gl. aut comitur, Ml. 14c5 ); not so in Mod.Ir.

Generally expressed in MSS. by the Lat. contraction for vel (ł).

Used as disjunct. conj. to separate members of a clause or co-ordinate clauses in order to express one or more alternatives. Gl. aut ( Ml. 14c5 , 136b5 ) and vel ( 94c10 ). lia diis no thriur more than two or three persons, Wb. 13a4 . is lour dā preceptóir no thríi, 13a9 . fó dí nó fó thrí, FB 81. cith ine [sic leg.] chuis nu ine laim nu ine meraib whether in his foot or in his hand, Thes. ii 245.36 ( Cambr. 37d ). cid mór in duil nó cid becc, Ml. 145c3 , cf. 17c3 . cid i caisc nó chorgus, Fél. Ep. 562 (corgus v.l.). itir foss no utmaille, itir suide no ṡessam, Hy. i 3 (T.). troscud ind nó bith for usciu ┐ bargin (alternative penances), Mon. Tall. 9. nad ḟetar-sa . . . ar bad chalmu in Galian Lagen na Lúagni na Temrach andathi-siu whether the G. . . . or the L. . . . were braver than you, CRR 48. eplid do gorta . . . no ithed cách a céli uaib, PH 1023. ron-áil fair conā tormaigfed nó nā digebad cid a oen-fhocul not to add nor take away a single word, Mon. Tall. 61. nā rachthai ón Troí co tucthar síd dúib esti ná co taethaisti acci nó co ndechaisti ḟurri until peace be granted you or till ye fall or till ye overpower it, LL 240b26 ( TTr. 1774 ).

In disjunctive questions: in oc urnaidi Con Culaind bía fodechtsa no in lim-sa doraga? wilt thou await C. or come with me ? SCC 46. indat sochenel no dochenel?, PH 695. ba cunntabairt lemm in n-ó Dia no in n-o diabul ro boí sium, 1493 .

Somet. loosely used where sense is not disjunctive, almost = and: cait i fuarais hi no cia dosgni hi?, PH 208. abair friumm cia cathair duit no caide h'ainm no cia fochund fora tanic, 1137 . Cf. nách nó deilighthi atá annsa chorp acht nó ar ocus that it is not disjunctive `or' which stands in the text but `or' used for `and', H 3.18 p. 645a ( O'Curry 1445 ).

Often (like Eng. or) used instead of ná in a neg. sent., somet. in juxtaposition with the latter: nichar-fail tlacht nó dagbíad, SR 1560 , cf. 512 . ni boi . . . i nnim nó hi talum, LB 112a10 ( MacCarthy 62.4 ) = i nnim nā talmain, SR 1511. áit innā bí bás nó peccad nā imorbus, LU 9996. ni coir lais berrad nā fothruc[ud] . . . nó nach gníomrad ale, Mon. Tall. 55. ní lécset uacht no scís no íttaid . . . fair, PH 1973. gan rún faladh nó formaid, Dán Dé xxv 34 .

nó . . . nó either . . . or , expressing an absolute alternative ( = Lat. aut . . . aut): no teidh-si . . . ar seachran no ni theid, Luc. Fid. 364.20 . no do an Criosd a bfochair a eagluisi . . . no nior an, 369.1 .

In late texts a spurious pl. form is occas. found, on the analogy of oldáit, indáit, etc.: mar dogénadh mac [sic leg.] tíre caírigh nóid uain sheep or lambs, RC xix 50 § 67. do fhiafruigh . . . an rabhadar biadha náid lóinte aca, Keat. ii 264 .

1 suide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 suide or dil.ie/39195
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: sodain

io, iā a s n. sodain. Anaphoric pronoun this, that, the thing or person just mentioned . Almost invariably used with prepositions. Freq. in adverbial phrases.

I With prepositions. With A (AS): a n-Albain a suidiu to Scotland from there, RC xxiv 176.z .

With AMAIL: amail shodain in that case, therefore, then, so : amal sodin `then', Ml. 3a4 . sicut bis and amal sodin `in that case', 21c10 , 30b21 , 30d24 , 32d5 , 62c7 , Wb. 19c10 , 20 . amal shodain `in that case', Sg. 6a9 . amal sodain, Wb. 17b32 , Sg. 6b11 . mad amail sodain `if this be so', Laws ii 338.3 .

With AR: condegar lóg ar sodin (ref. to testimonium conscientiae nostrae, etc.), Wb. 14c11 . ar shodain, Sg. 30a7 . gidh bé don tslógh rabh 'na roghain | lór dá char ar sodhain síos `for that reason', Studies 1927, 436 § 2 . pl. is ar suidib gl. aliquos . . . quibus `it is to them', Ml. 21d6 . Wb. 28c12 . ríg domain iar tolaib | ro fírscáich ar suidib these have truly passed away (?) (iar, v.l.), Fél. Prol. 84 .

With CEN: cen sodain `besides', Arch. Hib. ii 55 § 15 .

With CO: arna dechsaitis co suide `to him', Ml. 42a6 . tíagait co suidi to her, TBFr. 398 (suidiu, MS.). etha co suidiu (i.e. Bodb), RC iii 345.7 (= suide, Aisl. Óeng. 50.5 ).

With DI: trimirucad di suidiu it was transferred from that, Ml. 2b17 . Wb. 8a5 . 22c7 . di sudiu, 26d8 . Hib. Min. 22 , 24 . Mon. Tall. 37 (142.2) . luid Fergus . . . forsin nimorchor . . . lil di saidiu (sudiu, LU) . . . Etarcomal, TBC-I¹ 1145 . dulluid di suidiu `he came thence', Ardm. 18a ( Thes. ii 240.14 ). bá lugaite a galarsom ón do suidiu on that account (where do s.¤ explains ón?), LU 10741 (TE). Note also (with orig. accus. neut.): cían lim-sa di shodain I cannot wait that long, TBC-LL¹ 882 . pl. imfolngar gním di suidib . . . iarna labrad (i.e. the words of the Lord), Ml. 31d10 . Wb. 3d28 . Hib. Min. 111 . Laws v 420.10 .

With DO: is do suidiu gl. ad quod, Ml. 18c8 . a n-imchomarc . . . fo[a]ccomla . . . frecrae . . . ṅdu suidiu, 30b10 . 74b1 . Wb. 6c4 . ní dethiden do suidiu act fognam uxori (i.e. qui autem cum uxore est), 10b10 . 12c46 . 21c17 . Sg. 197b17 . Laws iii 44.13 . cosnaib hulib dulib foammamaigter do suidi (sc. doínacht fem.), Ml. 26a8 . Note also: luid C. ┐ B. do soduin, IT i 137.20 (Eg.) = do chur cúarta, LU. pl. is du suidib ba inbesa gl. quibus moris erat, Ml. 31d12 . 34a23 - 24 , 69a23 . Wb. 13d17 . 21c15 . Hib. Min. 289 .

With ETER: itir suidiu, IT i 137.16 . eter sudiu, MU² 1001 .

With FO: dath firinne . . . ┐ gau . . . fo suidiu, Ml. 28c12 . fo shuidiu under this, Críth G. 230 . cid fo sodin nogabad duaid .i. foní fuantuic Pól, Ml. 35a9 . fo shod(a)in accordingly, so: síc disponitur fo sodin `in accordance therewith', Ml. 21c10 . 127d5 . Sg. 41b7 . 182b1 . at that, thereupon, then : dolluid E. immach fo sodain, LU 8242 ( FB 19 ). LU 5645 .

With FOR: ni liim for suide gl. nam ceterís ego dico, Wb. 10a1 . roboisi . . . forsuidiu co cend mbliadna `she was on that (ration) for a year', Mon. Tall. 60 (149.25) . cis lir fodlai for suidib? Críth G. 5 (following a list).

With FRI: rī Laigen līn ngraige | hi cētlud fri suidhe, ZCP viii 108.6 . meas fri sodain `meas (is construed) with it', Ml. 42b4 . rochīan limsa anad fri sodain to wait for that, TBC-I¹ 375 . aes cíuil . . . dia thalgud fri sodain for that purpose? in addition? (of Conchobar going asleep for the third part of the day), TBC-LL¹ 873 . etarscarad fri suidiu .i. fri genti, Wb. 9b19 . ní radat som fri sudib acht breic, Ml. 31a18 .

With I: in tain rombá issuidi (i.e. Thessalonica), Wb. 24b23 . i suidiu there (of a place), Ardm. 18a ( Thes. ii 240.17 ). a diis for foluch; imb i suidiu i treisi, Críth G. 118 . i suidi(u), i sodain here, in this case : hí suidiu `herein', Ml. 26c1 . 34d5 . Wb. 20a6 . is do digail teit hí suidi, Ml. 27c10 . 30a3 . 79b5 . nochomairleictea immargu doib indtan noteigdis i céin cena lústis (.i. ebtais) hi sudiu `however, when they went a long distance, in that case they were allowed to drink', Mon. Tall. 6 (129.22) . sena . . . leithfiach . . . a sodain, Laws iii 108.8 . Also of time then, on that occasion : in tan asrubartmar . . . asrubartmar hi suidi, Ml. 37a14 . is hi suidi .i. tempore gl. in quo, 72d4 . in tan conucbad in nél . . . migrabant . . . hi suidiu, 83a4 . in tan . . . hi suidiu, 129a2a . Wb. 12a3 . nirbo messa int usce hi suide do fulung neich quam lac hodie `at that time water was no worse for sustaining anyone than milk is today', Mon. Tall. 73 (157.29) . aimsir i suidiu isin luc tanaisi `then', Laws i 26.7 . pl. is hires as toisech hi suidib (i.e. faith and deeds), Ml. 14c6 . Wb. 15c11 . Sg. 189b4 .

With ÍAR after this, then : iar suidiu `after this', Ardm. 18a ( Thes. ii 240.15 ). Hy. v 27 ( Thes. ii 334 ). LU 8800 ( FB 60 ). Note also: íar su[i]dib, Críth G. 589 (of persons).

With IMM: alaili brat corcra . . . im sude the other wore a purple mantle, LU 3286 ( SCC 8 ). arit odor immi inar co foph a thona im sodain, LU 8520 ( FB 37 ). tibit in macrad im sodain on that account, LU 8846 ( FB 64 ).

With LA: donec transeat insideas fil la sude (Ebreus), Ml. 75a10 . 19d14 . Wb. 31b8 . Críth G. 387 . la sodain with that, thereupon, then : co mbrenfat ┐ co llofat la sodain, LU 8090 ( FB 6 ). ZCP iii 254.2 (sotain). Laws i 72.3 Comm . RC iii 178.9 , etc. pl. magthad la suidiu cretem do geintib, Wb. 5a1 . 8a11 . 9b17 . Laws v 412.1 . ní bí sainláa la suidib gl. alius iudicat omnem diem, Wb. 6b17 . 8a12 . 9c2 .

With ó: brethae ho suidiu mór du setaib do A. (i.e. from Saul), Ml. 52 ( Thes. i 164.16 ). Ml. 130b6 . Wb. 19c6 . Sg. 6b26 . 198a14 (o shuidi). Laws iv 186.3 . Fél. Prol. 122 . ó shuidiu, also óthá s.¤ , sodain from that out, from then on: aithgin o suidiu co cend secht mbliadun ndec, Laws ii 186.24 . cóic seóit ó suidiu anund, Ériu ii 204 § 23 . otha suidiu `from this out', Laws iv 220.11 . otha soduin, v 278.7 .

With OC: oc suidiu `therein', Ml. 19b11 . nin fortéitni in spirut oc suidiu in this matter, case, Wb. 4a27 . 26d17 . bid hoc suidiu co cenn mbliadna engaged in that task, RC iii 344.y . oc suide, Sc.M² 23 .

With RÉ: dia n-aithrib | rogdaibh reimibh | nach dia senaithribh re suidhibh before these, ACL iii 297 § 59 .

With TAR: roásaiset drissi . . . tar sodin (of the Septuagint), Ml. 2a6 . ni fuillend diri dar sodain, Laws ii 324.5 . mós tairchella ém súil tar sodain (Cú Chulainn referring to himself), LU 5654 (= TBC-I¹ 1177 ) = immonderca súil i sodain duit, TBC-LL¹ 1848 . breccán tar sodain annúas 'a rug in addition to that' Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 57 § 26 .

With TRE: is tri suide doárbas peccad (of the law of Moses), Wb. 3d21 . tre (tri) sod(a)in thereby, by that means : is ed inchoisecht tri sodin, Ml. 16c10 . 18c10 . 25d18 . 130b6 . Wb. 2c21 . 4a6 . 9b7 .

II In phrase ol shod(a)in (rarely ol shuide), used as relative with slightly adversative meaning and also in literal translations of Latin relative (see GOI pp. 301 - 2 ): combad de rogabthe in salmso, ol sodin nad fír ndoib `however in that they lie', Ml. 16a10 . asberat as laigiu . . . ol sodin as eres doib `which, however, is a heresy of theirs', 24d23 . ol sodin gl. quod, 28c4 . ol sodin nad choir `which is not right', 37a8 . 40a12 . ol sodin etirgénat `which they will experience' gl. quod experituri sunt omnes nocentes, 68c20 . 111b5 . 127d5 . ol sodain óin gl. quod solum, Sg. 41b1 . ol shodain as sainreth do neutur, 65a2 . 69a20 . olsodin immurgu nad recar les `which however is not needed', 198b6 . With non-neuter form: ol suide ndath gl. quem . . . colorem, Ml. 76a10 . ol shuide as rann insce la laitnori `because', Sg. 26b6 .

With ol says (see Ériu i 5 ): cid dathar sund? ol sude (sudiu, v.l.), Imr. Brain 47.21 . ol sude frisin drúid, Irish Texts i 2.y .

With compar.: ní moó suidiu a mbríg limm `not more than this I esteem them', Wb. 24a5 .

Prob. for 2 side in: ba mo suidiu a mbui cach cuit this was greater than any other portion, Irish Texts i 4 § 12 . oliscenn suidhi forro, ZCP viii 105.4 .

See 2 side, són, ón.

tríar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tríar or dil.ie/41892
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: tríur, tríallaidtríar, triúr, triur

n o, m. (trí + fer, GOI § 388 , but cf. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 136 ). Originally disyllabic: Fél. Jan. 24 , Oct. 11 , etc. d s. tríur, later used as n s. (triúr). tríallaidtríar, IGT Decl. § 76 . triúr, § 96 .

(a) three persons, trio: tigerne trír gl. trium vir, Ir. Gl. 399 . foxla triar do cethrur, Laws ii 122.y . biathad trir, v 60.10 . nabad lia diis no thriur, Wb. 13a4 . ar is dochruth comirsire ndesse nó in tríir `unseemly is the barking (?) of two or three at the same time,' 6 . it ána a ndírmann | in tríir imradam, Fél. Oct. 11 . cona thriur dedblén, Jan. 24 . ind locáin ro gabtha | déssib ocus trírib, Prol. 210 . ní thudchatar in t.¤ ucut, LU 8971 ( FB 72 ). im chomuaill in trír chaurad, LU 8746 ( FB 56 ). don tríur láth ngaile, LU 8719 ( FB 54 ). can tris fer ... frisna triru, RC xi 450.11 . acht mad oen-triar do doeneib, SR 448 . fo deilb tríir, 2803 . is hé in triar irdaircc tri derbráthir, TBFr. 109 . triur ri cach n-amus, TBC-LL¹ 22 . is iat sin in cetna triar, PH 6412 . co mbia triur óigred oc fir husarachta, 7587 . triar talchar trenfher, TTebe 2880 . rothoit in triur-sa dib les, 2835 . tainic Calcus ┐ a thriar ban, Stair Erc. 1952 . triúr ar n-éag do aith-bheodhaigh, Dán Dé iv 25 . triúr mac do bhádar ag Brian, TD 21.20 . an triar easgcarad, TSh. 2127 . do thoisg an trír chéadna, 2141 . na trí trír-si this (band of) nine men, LBranach 2659 (see note).

Appositional dat. with poss. pron.: biit a triur do anmaim ind eiúin, Sg. 93a2 . comtis ainmmnidi a triur, 7b2 . lotar dó a triur churad co hEmain, LU 9033 ( FB 78 ). is hé ba sinser dóib a tríur, LU 9057 ( FB 81 ). Boind a ssídib a mmáthair a triur, TBFr. 111 . arusrainic-side a oinar a triur `alone he met them all three,' RC xi 450.6 . do-rónsabar bar triur me-si cúnntabartach, PH 1805 . Without poss.: a bíathad triur `he is entitled to refection for three' (Gloss.), Críth G. 166 . do éimdheadar ... triúr dol, TSh. 7512.

Of the Trinity: triar óen-fer, Lib. Hymn. 114.36 . buime trír is í na hóigh, A. Ó Dálaigh ii 6. aobhdha an triar a trí dhalta, DDána 9.2 . triur i n-aoncholainn amh-áin, 3 . go bhfuilid na dtriur ó'n tsíorruidheacht, Donlevy 24.21 .

In phrase tech an trír as kenning for Tara, later Ireland . Cf. do Themraig in trír, LU 9913 : braithim fós do tigh an trir, ZCP ii 335.7 . ag guaillnibh ríogh tighe an trír, 340.28 . 's mo chroidhe ronnta ar a rannaibh | bronnta ar chlannaibh Toighe an Trír, Hackett xliv 8.

(b) three things: comtis ainmmnidi a triur 'the three of them would be nominatives', Sg. 7b2 . is ē crand in rīg-Easa | ba hannsa lind don triaar, ZCP v 22 § 19 . an trīar-sa thuirmim-si, viii 215.18 . ro tirchanait in triar sin don cur-sa isin Roimh `those three things were then foretold in Rome,' CCath. 834 . conid sí sin in tres saobh-sanus Lethe Cuinn, ┐ is hi Cluain Eraird doronta a ttriur iad, BNnÉ 302 § 9 . gaibid Senchan tri hairchedail. nosgab Cummaine a triur `Cummaine repeats the three,' Ériu v 32.17 . iul agus aoibh is aithne | dhaoibh 'n-a dtriur ní tiobhairthe `those three gifts ... would not be thine,' Aithd. D. 37.11 .

Note also: ro marb sí triur mor do muintir Gargan, PH 7218 . Atkinson suggests =four, on analogy of mór-feiser; perh. merely famous trio .

túarastal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. túarastal or dil.ie/42220

Forms: túarasndal, tuarasdal, tuarusdail

n o,[n.] ( frestal, GOI p. 532 ). Occas. also túarasndal.

I In Laws description of a crime, evidence of an eye-witness; coll. witnesses (see Thurn. ZCP xv 328 , xviii 387 n. 4 , Cóic Con. 68 ): is tuarastal deimin iní sin .i. tuarastal aicsini, O'Curry 2569 ( Eg. 88, 48 (49)d ). derbtuarastal aicsini, O'Curry 2570 ( Eg. 88, 48 (49)a ). an tuarustal fastas innraic for nech co na faicsin di budein, O'Curry 2428 ( Eg. 88, 33 (34)d ). iss ann is tuarustul in uair isi gait i fil for iarair co sunnradhach frith ann, O'Curry 606 ( H 3.18, 296 ) `der Fall, wo man das Gestohlene wirklich bei dem findet, wo man es (vermutet und) sucht,' Cóic Con. 68 . In the follg. t.¤ would appear to refer to evidence given voluntarily by an eye-witness, and for which payment is made: deithbir itir fiadnaisi in mic bic ┐ a tuarustal; a fiadnaisi ina fiadnaise ro himradh, ┐ tic uadha gin erba ris; a tuarustal, imorro, tic uadha gin imradh gin erba ris, ┐ gaba logh ara tuarustal, ┐ ni gaba ar a fiadhnaisi, O'Curry 2430 ( Eg. 88, 35 (36)a ). deithbir itir fiadnaisi ┐ tuarustal an ecodnaigh; isi a fiadnaisi in tan ro badhus ac aidbriu fir imtechta na cana domnaigh, ┐ atá fear imteachta aga shéna a fiadhnaise an ecodnaigh, ┐ adber in tecodnach, is brég duit, ar sé, adconnarcsa thú ag imtecht. Isé imorro a tuarustal, adubairt a fiadhnaise a muinntire. do connarcsa, ar sé, duine ag imtecht na cana domnaigh, ┐ ní leigid a muindtir do innisin gu tarda[r ?] logh dhó aire o dlighthech cana domnaigh, O'Curry 2431 ( Eg. 88, 35 (36)a ). deithbir itir tuarustal in codhnaigh ┐ tuarustal in mic bic. tuarustal in mic bic, gin erba ris do ní é. tuarustal in codhnaigh ce herbtar gin co herbtar do ghní, O'Curry 2431 ( Eg. 88, 35 (36)a ). Of evidence of the infringement of specific laws (see also above): tuarustal cana Patraic, O'Curry 2422 ( Eg. 88, 33 (34)b ). et e tra tuarusndalai (tuarustal, v.l.) ina canu-sae .i. fiadnuise mac n-ennaicc ... fiadnuise n-indruic cin forgglid (Cáin Domnaig), Anecd. iii 24.4 . ōenfer do astud for diis .i. fer in tuarastail ... i tuarastal cāna domnaig, ZCP xv 327 § 19 . tuarastal na cana so .i. focal is toltanach le nech, O'Curry 2568 ( Eg. 88, 48 (49)a ).

In phrase truma tuarastail conclusive evidence, sworn evidence (?): issedh is truma tuarustail ann, innraic for eisinnraic ac astadh fiach im les neich eile co triur ina deghaidh, ┐ a imdenam di muna thairginn in neisindraic fír dé, ┐ ma thairgin is a dul do fir dé ┐ is truma tuarustail sin, O'Curry 2015 ( H 4.22, 35 ) = O'Curry 2618 ( Eg. 88, 52 (53)d ). truma tuarustail berus na hantesta dfír dé, ┐ gach annteist dib ternas ó fír dé i[s] saor é ar in cina, ┐ cumal an anntestais díc di, O'Curry 2435 ( Eg. 88, 35 (36)c ). testugad cach anntesta itir la ┐ aidhche, ┐ mana be samlaid is cranncor fair, ┐ is dochraite nduine no troma tuarasdail beres na cuirp so dfír dé, O'Curry 2589 ( Eg. 88, 50 (51)a ). lín a tuarastail ag feichemuin toicheda ... mur a deir: gach naoill co tuarastal an oath supported by the evidence of an eye-witness (?), O'D. 543 ( H 3.17, col. 434 ). dia toingi in fear uil os in acra curap dimin lais is naill fo tuarustal o fir adgairther, O'Curry 352 ( H 3.18, 193c ). tuarustal fastaidh fiach evidence which justifies the imposition of fines (?), Laws i 234.8 Comm. mad tuarastal aco annis (a ndís ?) fastait fiacha for robaib testa co lucht leithfira no lanfira, O'Curry 540 ( H 3.18, 266b ). General: mā berait dōig dochom neich co tūarasndul `if they suspect anyone and prove it,' Cáin Ad. 30.11 . dia mbē tūarasndal bansgāl, 32.y . aire desa no aire tuisi aire forgill in tuarastail `der Bezeugungs-aire der Tatbeschreibung ist ein aire dēsa oder ein aire tūise ,' Cóic Con. 38 § 52 . tuarustal drochdhuine for drochduine, O'D. 557 ( H 3.17, col. 438 ). `tuarasdol' luighe gan lén, Metr. Gl. 28 § 40 . Cf. Stowe Gl. 150.

II

(a) stipend, retaining fee (paid by an overlord to a subordinate chief in return for tribute, military service, etc. See ZCP xvii 207 n. 1 ): a tuaristla ┐ a comhaideachta, Leb. Cert. 32.17 . fodhail na [d]tuarostal sin ... ó righ Caisil do righaibh tuath ┐ mórthuath, 80.5 . a chísa-son ó thuathaibh ┐ a thuaristal-son dóibh-seomh, 118.5 . astad tuarastail a trocaire, astad fiach a etrocaire `the fixing of wages,' Laws v 310.6 Comm. conragba mo chor ┐ mo thuarastal `(to) accept my covenant and wage,' RC xiv 406.25 . bi[d] toirthigi a thuarastail (a prospective king), Anecd. i 19.12 . ag so tuarastla ríoghthaoiseach shíl Muireadhaigh o O'Chonchúbhair, JRSAI ii 342.15 . tūarastal rí cūiccid crúaidh | dligid rī Essa rīoghrūaidh, ZCP viii 116.29 . ór derg tuarastul in trír, LL 49b6 . gidbé rí ... do glacfadh tabarthas no tuarastal árdflaithe eile, go ngabadh maraon risin tuarastal sin umla ┐ óglachas air féin maille re beith umal do mar chodnach ┐ im díol císa ┐ cána ris, Caithr. Thoirdh. 3.6 .

(b) Hence in contexts stressing the superiority of the payer and the subordination of the payee: ní ar tuarastal mheic Imair gus aniu atamaidne, Cog. 210.25 . fairend se long ... do neoch bui for a chur fen ┐ far a thuarastal, ML 164.4 . tangadur sin uile co F. do ghabhail tuarustail an Eogain sin (i.e. to acknowledge him as their lord), AU iii 108.24 . ná cuir bréag ar fhuil na Niall | níor ghabhsad tuarasdal riamh | ó aoin-neach ... (i.e. never made submission to anyone), Content. vi 254 . tug siad ... | tuarasdal d' fhearaibh Éireann, TD 7.5 . bai M. ... rí temra ina thigh, ┐ rucc tuarustal mor leis (i.e. the gift received after submission), AFM iii 86.12 .

(c) stipend, wages, reward, remuneration in general: da laím thidnaicthi ratha ┐ tairberta ┐ tuarastail, TBC-LL¹ 3770 . cor' tuiltis a tuarastal, Metr. Dinds. iii 70.66 . ni taiscead ní di a thuarustul acht a daethin bid ┐ étaig (of St. Martin when a soldier), Lat. Lives 88.2 . i tuarastul ṅgaiscidh as a reward for military service, TTr.² 177 . Donnsléibhe ... do dhol isin Mumhain ... ar cend tuarasdail `to serve for wages,' AFM ii 914.14 . ro thíodhnaic siomh a ttuarastal do na Gallaibh do bhuar iomdha, 1160.5 . gur do na daoinuibh dob [fh]earr fō thuilleadh ┐ fā t[h]uarustal ... tū most generous in the payment of wages and stipends, Feis Tighe Chonáin 328 . mar do-gheibh sealbh an tuarastail thuilleas ar an saoghal, TSh. 8570 . gách duine ré nach áill ... tuarasdal a mhuintire do dhíol `who is unwilling to pay his servants wages,' Donlevy 96.20 . dol a tuarustul `to take wages,' Cog. 50.8 . Note also: cuingis F. in t-ech ier soin | ar in draoí ... | do rat dó céd da gach crodh | día tabhairt a ttúarastal `that he might give it in return,' Duan. F. i 28 § 5 . As quasi vn.: uirrim ó gach éanfhosdadh | mac Dé a-tá gá tuarasdal `Christ earns my allegiance by every check he gives me,' PBocht 19.1 .

Attrib. g s.: fear toirbearta móir damhsaibh ┐ daos tuarusdail ` stipendiaries ,' AFM iv 1000.z . dfosttadh óccbhaidh ┐ aésa tuarastail ` mercenaries ,' vi 2096.4 . fear tuarasdail ` journey-man ,' Donlevy 98.11 . lucht tuarasdail, DDána 80.36 . le scín bheárrtha thuarusdail `with a razor that is hired,' Isaiah vii 20.